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1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

athbóthar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athbóthar or dil.ie/4671

n ( bóthar ): fer tailge a ceathra i n-athbothar a ceile, Laws v 464.7 .i. a feis athlumpaire feoir ethadain geimreta, 13 Comm. is gnáth do neoch iar tóchall / toidecht ina athbóthar to return home, ZCP vii 268 § 6 .

4 blá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 blá or dil.ie/6002

Forms: blaí

n m. also blaí. boundary (mark); enclosure: in da bla dec frisi cuindrighter crich `the twelve marks by which a boundary is defined', Laws iv 142.8 Comm. bla imfoghla; crich do teid uisce glaise airm fo leanad ín da comarba ím da biad for cechtar ín da leithe. Adsuigaidhter cricha for sin, 144.10 Comm. bla mucnaige .i. crích son inchoisce cet bona crann no cuaille i talum no dibell muilinn no sendroiched fo tuind, O'Curry 33 (H.3.18, 13). bla reime. Crich son incoisce rout rig no tuaithi . . . no bothar. Is blai críche insin, 34 (14). (B. na f.) cechaing . . . tar dorus an bla amauch, ZCP viii 102.18 = dorus na ratha, Ériu ii 186.17 .

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bó or dil.ie/6201
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: boin, bou, bo, boin, baí, b, báu, b, bao, Báu, b, búaib, bai, báe, boin, boin, bó, ba, bai, baei, búaibh, b

n f. See GOI § 60 , § 72 , § 340 . a s. boin, Corm. Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . bo, Vita Br. 24. d s. boin (cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ). n p. baí, LL 33395 (TBFr.). ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 n.2 ). b, Hugh Roe² 46.y . a p. báu, TBFr. 395. b, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 , Báu, LU 5373. b, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v), bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.). d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. di bai , Ml. 2b11 . a du. dí báe , TBFr. dā boin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, GOI § 340.2 ). b.¤ f., d s. boin, g s. g p. bó, n p. ba, bai ( baei: cnai, ex. 1623 ), d p. búaibh, a p. b, IGT Decl. § 86.

Ox, cow: inna mbao (innabao, MS.) gl. boum, Sg. 22b11 . bō nomen de sono factum suae uocis .i. ainm arna dēnam d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b.¤ gl. vacca, Ir. Gl. 159. buachaill b.¤ gl. bubulcus, 583 . bō a boue .i. is coitcenn aní as bós, ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit , O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i. mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur . . . redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ). rocuinnig seom boin co B., Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.). blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1 (Hy. v). co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon, 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.). carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v). bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc., O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná, uth b.¤, ness gobann, Triads 148 . eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 . oc tabairt tānae b.¤ húait, Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b.¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech (rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ). rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138. cethracha b.¤ mbreithi mbalcc `forty strong milch cows', Celtica iv 12.21 . buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm. gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar , ML² 1255. no-chennachtís na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510. ar boin cach naidche ailes `for he deserves (i.e. claims) a cow every night', Laws ii 136.8 . ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu (of interest due for use when given as pledge), v 400.20 . trí haige bruithi and, a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3 Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala `five cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress', ii 100.4 Comm. in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . . is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 . cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 . lenaid b.¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo isin in Odor Ciarain (hence the name of the Codex Lebor na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 . intan dono no gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s, Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 . ní bhean boin do baintrebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b.¤ do bheith ar n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb.¤ fán bhféar (of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 . ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú, Measgra D. 27.34 . mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b.¤ / [san] chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for it will be a whole cow in heaven, DDána 42.39 . ná bíodh aca choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach = kyne, RSClára 108a . b.¤ sa bhoin `a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes), see Binchy, Críth G. (p. 106 ): secht seoit sin da tecait ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo riu, conid ceithri ba, O'Curry 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8). naoi marg xxit do bhuaibh no darget `29 marks . . . in cows or in money', Trans. RIA xv (1826) 33.25 .

Of land: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).

In phrr. in various applications: b.¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16 Comm. b.¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 . ár mbadh bhí bleacht, ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court). in bo derba `milch cow', Laws ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199 n.7 ). b.¤ ḟind óderg white red-eared cow `often mentioned in early Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin, Ériu xiv 170 and Peritia xix 239-55 : roerbad iarom b.¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di, Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga, ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b.¤ bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Note also: bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag', Plummer MS. notes), perh. hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia hidpairt, LB 152a58 . b.¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt due (?), O'Mulc. 862. b.¤ ḟeisi (see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ): ised slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for bidbuid cows of spending the night (part of compensation payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73). b.¤ indláeg see indláeg and, Ériu xx 231 - 2 . b.¤ gabála a (beef-)cow levied as a due (see gabál): bo g. .i. mart, no in b.¤ méth, ut est athgabail b.¤ gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta, O'Dav. 284. b.¤ lethgabála (expld. by O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for the relief of the poor' (i.e. the huaitne fonluing, etc.). dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 . b.¤ marta beef-cow , see 2 mart. b. threlóeg a cow having had three calves: .i. cuinnid co hobonn boin treloegh , Bretha 42 § 33.6 . .i. ni truma na inni ata ina thoirsiugud umpu na bo trelaog , 44 § 34.9 . tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega , Laws i 102.19 Comm . b.¤ thúir see 2 túr.

In nn. loc. (see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis . . . Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 . Bernas ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 ) Cūailnge, TBC-I¹ 897.

Compds. With nouns: cin boainmead without bovine defect(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 250 (H.3.18, 145). bó-ár name of a cattle-disease, RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb (see bódíth infra) no galur righín, O'Dav. 291. iar dteacht do bh.¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic mic Airt, Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT iii 5.10 . bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri, etir trebrad ┐ sned, 28 § 67 . aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd ┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 . Dond Cúalnge . . . / co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait ` Cattle-Raid ', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.8 . screpul cach bóbotha ` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56. Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386. ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . See bóchar. go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra `to protect his cows against them', AFM iii 224.6 . crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle, AU ii 506.20 . leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ? ba flaith os chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.8 . ina bai bit a mbodaingen `cows should be in a cow-fastness' (i.e. at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . See bódela. at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of a cow (?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ). bodibad mor fo Erind destruction of cattle, AU i 470.22 . doroine bo-dhibadh mór (of an invad- ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet) Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy 302.9 . bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh `murrain', AFM ii 1044.11 . earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i 494.15 . bó-dún see badún. moch i.e. bo-erge lit. cow-rising (gl. buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ). no sechmallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil `the beef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.). co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 . nía boidb bógeimnech (rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC). bōger ` beef- lard ', MacCongl. 79.23 . bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na saire ` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin, see Wortk. 146 : (g s. as epithet) Enna Bōguine (B. ōtāt Cenēl m Bógaine, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 . Cf. Boguinig `the descendants of Enna Boghuine' (note), MR 156.10 . co ro slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid [sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]." Unde . . . Beann Bogaine `a cow- slaughter', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden, ACL iii 324.7 . sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge `of cows milk', Thes. ii 48.30 . boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . . gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine, Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. conamailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef (?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . ethar bec . . . bōshaille `of beef-fat', MacCongl. 85.10 . boseiche ` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e] direnatar dó, Críth G. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh ` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) = bó ṡlabhra, Keat. iii 2243 . bo-ṡlechta `the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810. rith cana boileachta `des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP xviii 383.14 . cain boiliuchta (i.e. `the law that treats of cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm. seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42. bosluaiged lit. host of cattle gl. mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. botheach ` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. bótháin cow raid : rohir dam . . . .x. mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 . ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267 = bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐ bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). no geibed Flidais . . . do bóthorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 . co tí in bo dia botreib, BB 397b2 . in a bo-tuar (`cow dung ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 464.13 Comm.

With adjj.: bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like the cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ). brucchaid bó-cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682. Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.

With bú-: ? maccaim beca buaigelta (buaidhghela, v.l.), TTebe 1372 . Cf. bógeltach. a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐ cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 . for buageltach ṁBreg (of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 § 1 . Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ), cf. BDD² 1209.

See bárach, bóaire, bóbath, bólacht, bómlacht, bóraime, 1, 2 búarach.

bóthar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bóthar or dil.ie/6440
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: báthar

n o. See O'Rahilly, Celtica i 160 , Richards, Lochlann ii 130 . Études Celt. xxx 172 . b.¤ báthar m., IGT Decl. § 53. track, road (lit. `cow- passage', O'Rahilly loc. cit.): bothor tra .i. talla dí boin. alanæ for fot araile for tarsnae, Corm. 38 s.v. rot = Corm. Y 1082. rod ímfeagna, no bothar , Laws iv 144.14 Comm. bothar coitcinn ceathra, O'Curry 290 (H. 3.18, 159). ar slicht in tṡlúaig ┐ i n-iṅgenbóthur na tánad `along the road beaten out by the hooves of the cattle', TBC-LL² 4106 . sin bothur eter da Mag, LL 26032 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 286.7 ). gur fhágaibh gach bó aga buaile, ┐ gach bruid aga b.¤ , ML 88.34 . dúnadh daingean . . . ar bhearnadhaibh bheag-bhothair (fig. of an impregnable fighting force), 112.30 . triobhas buid an bhóthuir bhrealluigh, IGT Decl. ex. 667. do-rinne a thásc láib do na bóithribh, Keat. Poems 165. ar achaidhibh ná ar bóithribh, Hackett xxvi 17 . bó bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Common in nn. loc. (see Hog. Onom.): B. na Mias `Road of the Dishes' (between Durlus and Buirren), Keat. iii 1034. an B. Mór a ccomhghar Cnámhchoille, ┐ Tioprat Arann (` i.e. . . . the old road leading from Tipperary to Cashel,' n. x), AFM v 1578.19 .

búailid, búalaid.

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búailid, búalaid. or dil.ie/7240

Forms: bhuailte

v Trans. beats, strikes, assaults; knocks (on): ce nombuala fo bagaib / lat'feirg, etc. (Balaam's ass), SR 4793. no búaled C. co fleisc rígda in steill, LU 10127. īarmērge . . . is and robūailed Crīst i tig Caifas, Ériu iii 116.15 . builtuis ind, ┐ docer de `strikes it (a spear) into C.', Dinds. 49. ro buail ┐ ro bruidh ┐ ro basaidh . . . iat, Stair Erc. 471. mic na righ dia mbuailter iat (during fosterage), Laws ii 156.12 Comm. co r-buailset do shlaitt he i n-a chend, PH 135. búalid a ech co Tráig Lí, RC vii 294 § 69. do buail nech in dorus (= pulsare, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 4624. b.¤ scíath, see 2 scíath (a) ff. ní bhúaile an saidh seing sídhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1116 . ? lán an chuain don chéadtuile / do bhuail trágh dá thrócuire, Aithd. D. 60.3 . go mbuailidh Dia uireasbaidh ort = percutiat te Dominus egestate ( Deuteronomy xxviii 22 ), TSh. 9701. an tan do bhuaileadh Dia splangc . . . do spor-ghoin a spiorad, 2283 . buaileas a tri beidhmennuibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 867 n. 1 . ro buail builli miledh air fein di (sc. biail), Stair Erc. 604. don cholg . . . bhuaileas troid, O'Hara 4360. Note also: gur bhuaileasdair (buailios, v.l.) an measchoin fa lár `struck . . . . to the ground', Keat. i 160.14 . bíth go mbuailid suas a mbladaireacht although they strike up, Ó Bruad. iii 136.1 . gluaisfid is buail(i)fid an bóthar , Hackett xxvi 157 .

Strikes, coins (money); stamps, impresses (a seal) with AR on: is ré n-a linn do buaileadh airgead . . . ar dtús i nÉirinn Keat. ii 2224. buail séala ar mh'annsa, DDána 90.23 `seal my love', Ir. Monthly 1920, 54 . See cló.

Intrans. an tan bhuaileas (cuisle) go neimhionann beats , TSh. 1655. cuan . . . / 'n-a mbual leabharLoch L. pours, DDána 74.40 . Followed by prepp. and verbal noun begins, falls to, proceeds to: do bhuail an sagart 'gá ghuidhe arís the priest began again to urge him, Mac Aingil 1401 . do bhuail ar an ccomhairli . . . sin do chor a ngnīomh, 5267 . do bhuail dá cáineadh féin she began to blame herself, 1621 . buailse fár gcaomhnaine `set about, etc.', Aithd. D. 55.8 .

With following prepp. and adverbs: ro buailidar cuigi `they made for him', Stair Erc. 868. gach maith . . . / do bhúail fān ua-soin É., Butler Poems 1254 `that has come to', Gloss. ní mairg do bhual (: Luan) fa a breith dtrócuirigh experienced (?), Aithd. D. 72.2 . do buail stoirm . . . forra `they were overtaken by a storm', Stair Erc. 899. go mbuailfidh duine éigin leat you will meet someone, De Imit. 144.23 . da mbúailtidhe impo(d) . . . íad, Ériu v 74.23 . ro buailedh B. ┐ iad féin fá chéli, ALC ii 372.6 . buaileam beagán fos ar ar n-aghaidh let us proceed a little farther (with our discussion), Luc. Fid. 4375. do bhuail oraibh aithmhéala `thou hast repented', Dán Dé xxviii 18 . buailtear an long fá charraig strikes a rock, TSh. 3759.

part. d'ór bhuailte `beaten Gold', Donlevy 60.14 . secht bhfir dhég do bhí búailte ` disabled ', Rel. Celt. ii 192.6 . sloighte, slactha, búaillte ( Isaiah liii 4 ), Eg. Gl. 534. réubáin búailte do thairrngibh = nailed (of wooden pattens), RSClára 76b .

Vn. 1 búalad.

comgar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comgar or dil.ie/11271

(gar)

adj I [o, ā] (equally) near, ready: corup c.¤ comdiles don tuaith, O'Curry 1990 (H 4.22, 25). ba c.¤ bas dó, Grail 4307 . comhghar é dá n-ionsoighedh equally near (of death), Dán Dé xiv 2 . Superl. an lóchrann lasas go mear / is dó as chomhghoire caitheamh, Content. xxiii 10 n.

II As subst. o

(a) proximity, nearness; shortness: ragatsa . . . an comngar dia nindsaighe the short cut, D IV 2, 58rb15 . sé an bóthar mór is mó comhgar (prov.) the shortest, SG ii 554.44 . go gcomhghar mara ┐ tīre i n-a himfhoixe, Fl. Earls 70.20 . dul i gcomhgar cheithre rian `a place where four roads met', Keat. ii 2685 . a gcomhgar trialloid imthecht `in a short space', Duan. F. i 72.z . ar mbuain ó chomhghar a chéile `kept apart', O'Hara 2877 . In prep. phrases near (to) with gen. or DO: ata cathair . . . ar comghar duindi, ZCP vi 72.24 . ar c.¤ Ercuil, Stair Erc. 2192 . riccit . . . ar comhghar a chēile, Fl. Earls 10.32 . i gcomhghar dhuibh, DDána 102.29 . táinic . . . G. . . . a comghar co C., CF² 196 . dul i gcomh-ghar rachas mé / d'onóir bhar n-aicme uaisle `the close criticism I shall proceed to make', Content. v 12 . Note also: mana fuil cintach a comhgar re hinbleogain, O'Curry 1759 ( 23 Q 6, 35 a ). fo chomhghair (leg. -ar?) na cceathra `in the direction of the herds', Hugh Roe² 146.9 .

(b) convenience, expedient : do chum a chómghair féin do dhénamh de `to use as may suit him', ML 184.2 . ó nach fuil comhghar dhar gcóir (`neighbours to do us right'), Ériu i 16.15 . teirce sóidh, aoibhnis, ┐ chomhghair chorpardha, Desid. p. 14 n. gusin uile ch.¤ ┐ riachtanas, Fl. Earls 66.y .

2 do-alla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 do-alla or dil.ie/17179

Forms: taillid, toillid, tuillid, nostaltar

v Also 2 do-ella (* to-ell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 511 . See GOI pp. 54 - 55 ). Later as simple vb. taillid, toillid, tuillid.

(a) Orig. in impers. construction with accus. there is room for, cf. RC xxi 176 . testa .i. ni talla and són it finds no room therein gl. abest, Ml. 65d6 . doinnastar inna piana . . . inna corpu ┐ inna n-anmanna feib dund[a-]alla indib as there is room for them in them, 30c17 . [coire] i talla boin in which a cow will fit, Laws iv 326 ( Críth G. 405 ). bothar . . . talla da boin fair . . . ara talla al-loigu ┐ a ngamna ina farrad, Corm. Y 1082 . do-t-allfa-su indi there is room for thee (= thou canst join) in it, TBFr. 174 (= dothuillfe-si, pers. constr., ZCP iv 38 ). co taillfed cethora ndrong ndeichenbair fa thairr-lethar in scéith, TBC-I¹ 2339 . fo barr bile tallsat (leg. tallfad) firo Erend uille, Snedg. u. Mac R 11 . nis-tall thair hisuidiu there was no room for them in the east, Ériu iii 138 . inn uair na rostalla thair | clanna Iafeth, Rawl. 76b21 = rastalla, LL 142a45 ; rotalla, BB 8a47 , Lec. 75a22 .

(b) In Mid. and later Irish generally used in personal constr. fits, finds room (in), is contained (in) (some of follg. exx. may belong to the previous type): ní thalla gataidhi sunn there is no room for a thief here, Mart. Don. Mar. 21 , cf. SG ii 465 . ni talla-su (leg. ni-t-talla-su?) etturra thou art out of place amongst them, Mon. Tall. 159 . in lín tallat 'na suidiu ní tallat 'na ligiu, MR 56 . immon mbarr fo tallat uili, imm Fland under whom all find shelter, IT iii 8 ( Bruchst. § 120 ). in carpat-sin . . . ara taillfitis ocht n-airm n-indflatha, TBC-I¹ 1970 . nothallad dál chét for mael cech cnāma, LL 169a17 . do thuillfed sé ar bois Aedha, SG 240 . sochaide . . . co nach talla for menmain so many . . . that the mind cannot take them in, Ériu viii 157 . co taille munter in cach thurchlais, TBC-LL¹ 6083 . bec d'olai . . . conná rothallai il-lestraib, SR 7168 . cia nobeth nech ní bad ísliu | doaillfed sercc Isa and, Goid. 173 = dothoillfed, ZCP vii 297 . ní roich súil he, ni thuill i cluasaib, LB 136b55 . no thelltis láith gaile fer nUlad isind rígthig sin, LU 10129 . boi dia farsingi in tige i tallastar formna lath ngaile in choicid, FB § 55 . imscing .i. tech becc a talla imdae, Corm. Y 790 , cf. 793 . ní tuillinn am' curp mét mo grada furt, ZCP vi 54 . glór nach tuilleann i gceann, Content. xix 1 . ní thallai do dainib im fer diib lín a sáraighthe not enough men can come about one of them to overpower him, Ériu ii 130 . co rothall do orba Ir a cland .i. Monaich Ulad so that his children were included in (belonged to) the heritage of Ír, Lec. 198b34 . Exceptionally in pass.: ba fín gach linn . . . | nostaltar ina croccenn every liquor contained in its hide became wine, Lec. 60b1 .

(c) doalla dó (fair) there is room for (on) him, i.e. it is possible for him (impers.): ni tella do neuch and mōidem a arilte there is no room for anyone there to boast of his merits, Wb. 5c13 . ní telfea cotlud do chách it will be impossible for anyone to sleep, 25b18 , cf. 25c2 , 26a23 . drochet .i. sét diriuch .i. ni thalla nemdirgi dó it does not admit of being crooked, Corm. Y 434 . nico-taldad dó oifrenn do dēnam `it would not be allowable for him to perform the sacrifice', Mon. Tall. 153 . ni talla rosacht forsin tinnacul `the tradition admits of no hesitation', Ml. 97a7 . nícon talla obbad fair `it does not admit of refusal', Sg. 90a2 . ní talla orm a rád rut, TE 9 ( IT i 123 ). mana talla fair ar méit na aithgina . . . is e féin inn if it is not possible for him (to pay), Laws iv 252 Comm. óg robruinned tú i mbroinn Muire, | nir thoill broinded eli ort no other refining was possible for thee, ACL iii 242 .

Note also: tabraidh eideth Sir G. cucum, uair ba companach damsa é ┐ toiledh a eideth dam fitted me (?), ZCP vi 97 . ni fetar a rímh ┐ ni thoill a airem cannot be counted, TBC-LL¹ p. 383 n. 7 . ni thalla a nárim fria lín, LL 373c41 .

See tellad.

do-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-beir or dil.ie/17216
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: do-ucc, do-bert, do-rat, tuicsiu, tabair, taber, tabar, taibred, tabrad, taibrem, tabram, taibrid, taibrith, tabraid, taibret, tabrat, dobiur, dodasbiur, doberim, thabur, nis-tabor, dubir, dobir, dobere, tabair, dobeir, dober, tabir, tabair, doberam, taibrem, thabrum, d-a-berid-si, doberat, doberait, fuantaibret, thabrat, doberad, dobertis, do-m-beirtis, tabratis, doberae, taibre, toibre, thobri, dumbera, taibrea, thobrea, tibri, doberum, donberaid-si, doberthi-si, tabraid, du-m-berat, dusmerat, thabrat, dubertha, doberthusa, doberad, taibred, taibreth, doberthe, dobéer, dobér-sa, tiber, thibér, tiubér, thiubar, doberae, tibéræ, dos-mbéra, thibre, tibrea, tiubrae, dobérat, thibreat, dobēraind-sea, tiobhrainn-si, tibartha-sa, tiubharta, domberad, nandatiberad, tibred, nachis-tibred, dobérmais, tibrimmis, tiubhrumais, tiurmais, do-sm-bérthe, tibertais, nis-tibritis, tiuradais, do-m-biurt, dondmbiurtsa, dobert-sa, dobirt, dobertais, dobert, dubbert, tobert, contubert, contubart, dosbertar, do-s-bertatar, tubertatar, tubartadar, dobertsat, dobreth-, dobreth, dobretha, dobrethsat, tabarr, taborthar, tabraiter, doberr, dober, do-berar, duberar, doberair, tabarr, tobarr, tabar, dobertar, tobertar, tabartar, doberthe, dobertha, tibirthi, dubertis, dobertis, doberthar, do-m-bertar, dopartar, tabarthae, tabarthe, dubertis, dobertais, dobérthar, dubérthar, tibérthar, bērtar, tibertha, tibertais, dobreth, tobreth, tubrad, tabrad, tobrad, dobretha, tabart(h)ae, tabarthi, tarti, tartat, tardatis, tart-sa, dord-sa, tartar, conas-tarddur, tarttai, durata, dorata, tarta, condarta, tharda, fris-tarddam, dorattid-si, tartaid-si, tharddaid-si, doratat, conda-tardat, condartin, condardad, tarddad, thardad, tartaitis, doratus, doratas, tharddusa, tartus, doratis, doratais, duratais, duratis, donrátais, dartais, tharddais, dorat, doratastur, tarat, tarat, condadarat, tard, doratsam, doratsamar, tartamar, daratsid-si, doratsaid, thardsaid, doratsat, doratsatar, tartsat, tardsat, conda-tarsat, tartsatar, ní tartisset, doratar, dorattar, tartar, condartar, dorataiter, ndartaiter, tarta, tartha, doratad, doradad, doratath, tartad, dardad, tardad, dorata, doratta, tarta, tuic, tuic, do-n-uc, tuc, tucaid, tuicet, dofuci, do-t-tucai, duduccai, tucait, dofuctais, conos-tuc, conda-tuc-si, conda-tucc, tucar, tuicce, tuigi, tucair, tuca, tuccas, conos-tucam, thucaind, nacha-tucad, conna-tuctais, do-n-uccus-sa, tuicais, dofucais, rothucais, tucais, do-n-uic, du-n-uic, d-a-uic, duuic, duic, tu-n-uic, tuicc, tuic, tuic, da-uc, duuc, tuc, doḟuc, domfuc-sa, doruc, rodatuc, tucastair, tugasdair, dofucsam-ni, da-b-ucsum, tucsam, tucsam, tugamar, tucsaid, tucsabair, du-nn-ucsat, dofucsat, tucsat, tucsatar, tucthar, con-ducthar, thuicter, duccatar, tuctha, ducad, tuccad, tucad, tuiced, fofuctha, tucait, do-ucci, tucu, dofuca(a)im, tuicim, do-sn-ucci, dusn-ucai, dorucai, tuicci, thuccai, tucci, tucai, tuice, do-uicim-ne, tuigmít, dofucaid, do-nd-ucet, thuccat, thucat, thuicit, tuigit, tucad, tuctais, tuicce, condid-tucce, tucca, do-nd-uccam, tucid, -tuccid, conducaid, nis-tuccin, dos-fucad, rothucad, condid-tucmis-ni, tuicfe, tucfa, dofucfa, tucfa, da-ucbaid-si, tucfait, nodafucfad, dofucébad, tucus-su, rothuic, thuiccestair, tucsid-si, do-tuicetar, tucsat, tuicset, duucthar, dohucthar, tuucthar, tucthar, tucatar, tuctar, du-n-ucthar, conducthe, tuccfither, dofuicfind, tuicti

v (* to-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 469 ), gives, places; brings, gets . The perfective forms are supplied, in the meaning gives, places , by *to-rat-, in the meaning brings, gets by *to-ucc-; in later lang. the perf. do-ucc (tuc) gradually takes the place of do-bert and do-rat and is sometimes used to gloss the two latter, cf. tard .i. tug, O'Cl. Forms of *to-rat- are, however, permissible in bardic verse, see IGT Verbs § 14 . The perfective *to-ucc- (lit. can bring ) also forms a complete paradigm without distinction of perfective and non-perfective forms, with the meaning understands (later tuicid) the vn. being 2 tabairt later replaced by tuicsiu.

Ipv. 2 s. tabair, Ml. 27c12 , 87d12 . taber, Thes. ii 250.16 . tabar, TBC-I¹ 1482(LU) . 3 s. taibred, Wb. 22b7 , 12 . tabrad, PH 6017 . 1 pl. taibrem, Wb. 13d15 . tabram, PH 3757 . 2 pl. taibrid, Wb. 16c17 . taibrith, 6a20 . tabraid, Corm. Y 323 , PH. 3 pl. taibret, TBC-I¹ 2980 . tabrat, PH 6137 , etc.

Indic. pres. 1 s. dobiur, Wb. 14a20 . dodasbiur, Anecd. ii 16 . doberim, PH 2764 , etc. ní thabur , Sg. 179a4 . nis-tabor, 204b5 . 2 s. dubir, Ml. 105d4 , 110d13 . dobir, Thes. ii 249.1 , 2 , 3 . dobere, -i, PH 1777 , etc. ní tabair , Ml. 63c13 . na tabrai, SR 848 . 3 s. dobeir, Wb. 21a13 . dober, 14b15 . TBC-I¹ 62 , 71 (LU), etc. ni tabir , Wb. 14b15 . ní tabair , Sg. 214a5 . 1 pl. doberam, Wb. 13b15 . ní taibrem , 15c9 . ní thabrum , PH 2070 . 2 pl. d-a-berid-si, Wb. 24c16 . 3 pl. doberat, Wb. 15b2 . PH 1135 . doberait, PH 2652 , etc. Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.10 , etc. fuantaibret, Ml. 45a3 . ni thabrat , PH 1952 . Impf. 3 s. doberad, TBC-I¹ 279 . 3 pl. dobertis, Ml. 54c30 . do-m-beirtis, 90d17 . co tabratis , PH 6290 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. doberae, Ml. 106c1 , cf. 94d4 . ni taibre , Wb. 29a22 . ni toibre , a20 . mani thobri , ZCP viii 313.4 . 3 s. dumbera, Ml. 40c21 . ceni taibrea , Ml. 93a9 . mani thobrea , Wb. 4c20 . nā tibri , SR 1659 . 1 pl. doberum, PH 5819 . 2 pl. donberaid-si, Wb. 16c9 , cf. 8d21 . doberthi-si, PH 5785 . ní tabraid , Wb. 6c1 . 3 pl. du-m-berat, Ml. 40c21 . dusmerat, Mon. Tall. 144.14 . ni thabrat , Corm. Y 1059 . Impf. 2 s. dubertha, Ml. 130d15 . ma doberthusa , Anecd. iii 30 . 3 s. doberad, Wb. 32a12 . mani taibred , Ml. 35c26 . arná taibreth , LU 11025 . 2 pl. cia doberthe , Wb. 15d8 .

Fut. 1 s. dobéer, Wb. 12c35 . dobér-sa, TBC-I¹ 185 . SR 2885 . da tiber , TBC-I¹ 2301 . ní thibér , SR 842 . nach tiubér , Imr. Brain i 67.12 . ní thiubar , Ériu i 93 . 2 s. doberae, Ml. 44a20 . in tibéræ ? 77a16 . 3 s. dos-mbéra, Wb. 13b30 . ni thibre , PH 7950 . Corm. Y 698 . ni tibrea , TBC-LL¹ 3502 . nach tiubrae , BNnÉ 309.27 . 3 pl. dobérat, Wb. 6b27 . TBC-I¹ 1133 . mani thibreat , TBC-I¹ 2980 . Condit. 1 s. dobēraind-sea, TBC-I¹ 824 . nach tiobhrainn-si , MR 284 . 2 s. co tibartha-sa , Imr. Brain i 63.15 . co tiubharta , 68.16 . 3 s. domberad, Ml. 108a5 . nandatiberad, 97d10 . na tibred , LU 3171 . nachis-tibred, Thes. ii 341.37 . 1 pl. dobérmais, Imr. Brain i 69.20 . PH 7233 . na tibrimmis , CRR 33 . ni tiubhrumais , Ériu iii 158 . nach tiurmais , Acall. 5675 . 2 pl. do-sm-bérthe, Wb. 19d24 . 3 pl. día tibertais , LU 3448 . nis-tibritis, RC iii 175.11 . co tiuradais , ZCP vi 276 .

Pret. 1 s. do-m-biurt, ZCP iv 43.4 . dondmbiurtsa, TBC-I¹ 3556 . dobert-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1893 . CCath. 1702 . 2 s. dobirt, Ml. 56a13 . dobertais, TBC-LL¹ 1105 , 1621 . 3 s. dobert, Ml. 23b10 ; 58c4 . TBC-I¹ 326 , etc. dubbert, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 241 ). tobert, TBC-I¹ 655 . Fianaig. 24.4 . contubert, Hib. Min. 77.19 . contubart, Thes. ii 242 . 3 pl. dosbertar, Tur. 128 . do-s-bertatar, TBC-I¹ 912 (LU), 1788 . tubertatar, IT i 137.11 (LU). cu tubartadar , TBC-I¹ 3069 . dobertsat, Alex. 5 . CCath. 3255 . AFM 1172 , etc. In Mid. Ir. the passive dobreth- (see below) is somet. used to supply act., 3 s. dobreth, TBC-LL¹ 674 , 1930 , 1958 . dobretha, CRR 8 , 53 . FB § 38 . LU 10168 . TBC-I¹ 2210 , 2212 . TBC-LL¹ 101 , 468 , 655 . 3 pl. dobrethsat, TBC-LL¹ 1315 .

Pass. ipv. s. tabarr, Ml. 104b2 . na taborthar , ZCP vii 311 § 14 . pl. tabraiter, TBC-I¹ 1471 (LU). Indic. pres. s. doberr, Wb. 3c1 ; 28c4 . dober, Ml. 56b11 . do-berar, 60b19 . TBC-I¹ 1160 . duberar, Ml. 105d6 . doberair, PH 2161 . dia tabarr , Wb. 17a3 . Corm. Y 32 . ara tobarr , Wb. 12d29 . forsa tabar , Ml. 54a2 . pl. dobertar, Wb. 10d20 . tobertar, Ml. 25b6 . ni tabartar , 101d6 . Impf. s. doberthe, Ml. 115a14 . Wb. 10d16 . dobertha, Corm. Y 391 . intan na tibirthi , CCath. 1496 . pl. dubertis, Ml. 89a2 . dobertis, Tur. 110c . Corm. Y 48 . Subj. pres. s. doberthar, Wb. 13a3 . TBC-I¹ 1579 . pl. do-m-bertar, Ml. 45b5 . cia dopartar , Todd Nenn. 216.13 . Subj. impf. s. ceni tabarthae , Ml. 40d20 . trissa tabarthe , 36a1 . pl. dubertis, 84c9 . dobertais, 90a14 . Fut. s. dobérthar, Wb. 16a13 . dubérthar, Ml. 72d18 . ni tibérthar , Wb. 18b11 . pl. intan dum bērtar , Ml. 69b1 . Condit. s. dia tibertha , FB § 90 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 159 . pl. ni tibertais , Ml. 15c7 . Pret. s. dobreth, IT i 131.8 (LU); 138.15 (LU). Hy. v 85 . tobreth, IT i 130.23 (LU). hi tubrad , Hy. i 3 . co tabrad , TBC-I¹ 1637 . ni tobrad , 1536 . pl. dobretha, TBC-I¹ 3072 . TBC-LL¹ 2587 . ZCP viii 312.21 . Part. tabart(h)ae. Verbal of necess. tabarthi. Vn. 1 tabairt.

Perfective forms.

A From *to-rat-. Indic. pres. 3 s. manid tarti can give, Ml. 51b7 (see GOI p. 345 ). 3 pl. ni tartat , Thes. ii 2.32 . Impf. 3 pl. nad tardatis , Ml. 85d5 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ara tart-sa , Wb. 14d17 . meni dord-sa , Rawl. 156b20 . co tartar , Ériu v 240.129 . conas-tarddur, TBC-LL¹ 943 . 2 s. co tarttai , BNnÉ 302 § 10 . 3 s. durata, Ml. 57a13 . dorata, ZCP vi 266 § 10 . arna tarta , Wb. 11b18 . condarta, 28b31 . ni tharda , SR 2727 . 1 pl. fris-tarddam, Thes. ii 293.19 . 2 pl. dorattid-si, Wb. 16c11 . dia tartaid-si , Ml. 83b11 . ni tharddaid-si , LL 279a31 . 3 pl. acht doratat , Mon. Tall. 141.16 . conda-tardat, Ml. 131d16 . Impf. 1 s. condartin, Sg. 209b26 . 3 s. condardad, Ml. 77a7 . co tarddad , SR 2836 . muni thardad , TBC-LL¹ 4310 . 3 pl. co tartaitis , TBC-I¹ 1461 (LU).

Perf. 1 s. doratus, Wb. 8c6 . SR 1866 . doratas, Trip.² 1056 . ni tharddusa , RC iii 185 . dia tartus , Ériu vii 219.13 ( LL 209b ). 2 s. doratis, Ml. 56a15 . doratais siu, 43d18 . duratais, 56b24 . duratis, 80b2 . donrátais, SR 1756 . in dartais , SG 415.11 . ni tharddais , TBC-LL¹ 484 . 3 s. dorat, Wb. 4b10 , etc. doratastur, ZCP vii 320 . nícon tarat , Ml. 36a1 ; co tarat , SR 2193 . condadarat, TBC-I¹ 1875 (LU). dia tard , SR 2811 . 1 pl. doratsam, Wb. 13d15 . LU 2331 . doratsamar, 2333 . tartamar, ZCP viii 213.27 . 2 pl. daratsid-si, Wb. 24b21 . doratsaid, LU 2326 . ni thardsaid , 2345 . 3 pl. doratsat, Ml. 115b8 . SR 3664 . LL 256a43 . doratsatar, SR 3508 , 3401 , etc. ni tartsat , Wb. 24b20 . LL 254c23 . na tardsat , CCath. 5119 . AFM i 16.13 . conda-tarsat, Ériu iii 141 . co tartsatar , Hy. v 53 Comm. ( Thes. ii 340 ). ní tartisset, Wb. 1b17 . Pass. subj. pres. s. doratar, Rawl. 107b17 . dorattar, Anecd. ii 32 . Lism. L. vii 28 . ara tartar , Wb. 15a19 . condartar, 20c24 . pl. dorataiter, IT iii 53.3 . co ndartaiter , Trip.² 1294 . Impf. s. ara tarta , TBC-LL¹ 1547 . mani tartha , BColm. 88.14 . Perf. doratad, Wb. 4a18 . doradad, 23c16 . doratath, Sg. 7b18 . ara tartad , Ml. 90a7 . con dardad , 98b8 . forsa tardad , 80d4 . SR 6251 . pl. dorata, Ml. 54c17 . LL 282b7 . doratta, SR 6745 . nad tarta , Ml. 40a13 .

B From *to-ucc- (in meaning brings ): Ipv. 2 s. tuic, Tec. Corm. § 18 . na tuic , Wb. 10a30 . do-n-uc, ZCP iv 42.16 ( TBFr. 283 ). tuc, TBC-I¹ 1333 , 2287 , etc. 2 pl. tucaid, LU 8197 . TBC-I¹ 323 . 3 pl. tuicet, LU 7873 ( BDD 145 ). See ZCP xxiv 123 - 4 . Indic. pres. 2 s. dofuci, LU 1558 . do-t-tucai, IT i 208.21 . duduccai, Ml. 27d23 (see, however, GOI § 678 ). 3 pl. tucait, IT i 226.30 (LU). Impf. 3 pl. dofuctais, SR 4524 . Subj. pres. 1 s. conos-tuc, SR 1665 . conda-tuc-si, TBC-I¹ 1589 . conda-tucc, 464 . tucar, Imr. Brain i 67.23 . 2 s. dia tuicce , TBC-I¹ 1580 (LU) = tuigi (YBL). da tucair , ZCP vi 272 § 7 . 3 s. dia tuca , TBC-I¹ 1589 . rel. tuccas, SR 2384 . 1 pl. conos-tucam, SR 3979 . Impf. 1 s. mani thucaind , TBC-I¹ 798 . 3 s. nacha-tucad, Ml. 125b7 . 3 pl. conna-tuctais, SR 5651 . Perf. 1 s. do-n-uccus-sa, Wb. 30a11 . 2 s. tuicais, Ml. 56a13 . dofucais, TBC-I¹ 3385 . rothucais, Ériu iv 138.18 . tucais, ZCP viii 109.24 . 3 s. amal do-n-uic , Wb. 10d37 . Ml. 16b12 . du-n-uic, d-a-uic, Ml. 118b6 . duuic, 84c24 . duic, 25d18 . tu-n-uic, 51c26 . tuicc, 98c11 . tuic, 30c5 , etc., Wb. 21d1 . ni tuic , Wb. 23a10 . Ml. 51d2 . da-uc, Ml. 38c1 . duuc, 36c1 . tuc, 40c17 . Wb. 24b25 . doḟuc, SR 7296 , cf. 4426 , 5179 , etc. domfuc-sa, Ériu iv 140.3 . ? doruc, ZCP vi 28.18 . rodatuc, TBC-I¹ 3584 . tucastair, TBC-I¹ 2495 . tugasdair, Todd Nenn. 32.14 . 1 pl. dofucsam-ni, RC iii 185 (LL). da-b-ucsum, Lism. L. 3825 . tucsam, SR 6319 . ni tucsam , Wb. 29b14 . tugamar, Ériu i 22.105 . 2 pl. tucsaid, TBC-I¹ 1320 (LU). tucsabair, 2492 (YBL). 3 pl. du-nn-ucsat, Ml. 92d1 . dofucsat, SR 5041 . tucsat, 1360 . TBC-I¹ 42 . tucsatar, Metr. Dinds. ii 100.5 , etc. Pass. indic. pres. s. ni tucthar , Wb. 27d22 . Subj. pres. s. con-ducthar, Sg. 200b13 . mani thuicter , TBC-I¹ 1239 . pl. in duccatar , Wb. 9b19 . Impf. s. co tuctha , SR 6567 . TBC-I¹ 1331 . Perf. s. ducad, Ml. 56c11 . tuccad, Wb. 24b26 ; 28a3 . tucad, Sg. 202b8 . SR 3289 , etc.; dia tuiced , Wb. 12b12 . pl. fofuctha, SR 3263 . tucait, CRR 13 , TBC-LL¹ 65 etc.

Vn. 1 tabairt.

Forms of do-ucci understands. Indic. pres. 1 s. hi tucu , Thes. ii 293.25 . dofuca(a)im, PH 1792 . tuicim, 1779 , etc. 3 s. do-sn-ucci, Wb. 22c1 . dusn-ucai, Ml. 42c12 . ? dorucai, SR 7983 . tuicci, Wb. 12c26 . air thuccai , Ml. 42c8 . ni tucci , Wb. 12d6 . ní tucai , Ml. 42c7 . tuice, PH 2369 . 1 pl. do-uicim-ne, PH 750 . tuigmít, ib. 2 pl. dofucaid, SR 7984 . 3 pl. do-nd-ucet, Wb. 8a14 . ní thuccat , 12c20 . ní thucat , 15a34 . thuicit, PH 7300 . tuigit, 7738 . Impf. 3 s. cona tucad , SR 2763 . 3 pl. tuctais, Ml. 125d13 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ara tuicce , Wb. 28d7 . condid-tucce, 30a19 . 3 s. ara tucca , 27b27 . 1 pl. do-nd-uccam, 24a22 . 2 pl. ara tucid , 32a3 . -tuccid, 21c11 . conducaid, 21a8 . Impf. 1 s. nis-tuccin, Wb. 12d25 . 3 s. dos-fucad, SR 3228 . arna rothucad , Trip. 396 . 1 pl. condid-tucmis-ni, Wb. 20d17 . Fut. 2 s. tuicfe, PH 2037 . 3 s. tucfa, Wb. 12d12 . dofucfa, RC xxv 248 . ní tucfa , Wb. 12d3 . 2 pl. da-ucbaid-si, Wb. 21c12 . 3 pl. tucfait, RC xxv 248 . Condit. 3 s. nodafucfad, RC xx 134 = dofucébad, LU 386 (ACC). Perf. 1 s. ní tucus-su , Ml. 91c1 . 3 s. rothuic, PH 4437 . nír thuiccestair , BNnÉ 323 § 33 . 2 pl. ní tucsid-si , Wb. 12a3 . 3 pl. do-tuicetar, BCC 127 . ni tucsat , Wb. 15a32 . nad tuicset , 15a29 .

Pass. indic. pres. s. duucthar, Ml. 51c24 ; 55a10 . dohucthar, Sg. 210a4 . tuucthar, 42c2 . ní tucthar , Wb. 12c46 . pl. ní tucatar , Wb. 12c43 . nad tuctar , Ml. 112d7 . Subj. pres. s. du-n-ucthar, Ml. 79d2 . Impf. s. conducthe, Ml. 51d1 . Fut. s. ni tuccfither , Wb. 8a5 . IGT Verbs § 71 .

Vn. 2 tabairt.

I

(a) gives , with DO of recipient (somet. with dat. inf. pron.); glosses Lat. dare, Ml. 25b12 , Sg. 163a3 , 209b26 . ní cuinginn is doberainn, Tec. Corm. § 7 . ni tobair ní i n-aiscid he never gives anything as a gift, Lec. 460c47 . ba ferr lin dobertha oldaas a bith tarngire I had rather it were given than constantly promised, Mór M. 262 . cen co tucaind ar áis, doberaind ar écin, TBC-LL¹ 150 , cf. 132 . duine is mō dobered d'etach ┐ d'innmus i nErind, RC xvii 407 . más for óin doratadh in fearann if the land has been let for hire, Laws iv 132 Comm. doberae maith tar æsi n-uilc, Ml. 106c1 . doronus dóibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne . . . ni tardad dúas dar a héisi, ACL iii 296 . dobēr . . . otha mo glūn co m'imlinn I will give my love, TE § 10 . dotberae eislis he will treat thee with contempt, Mon. Tall. 142 (for constr. see KZ xlviii 48 ). donbert ingantas mór méd a delba his size inspired us with great wonder, Ériu iv 138 . nicon fail ina sealba ní nā tibre dam, Corm. Y 698 . cia chondesin far súli, dosmbérthe dom, Wb. 19d24 . doradsad mōr do maith do they had shown him much kindness, TBC-I¹ 3542 . a n-ōl meda dí dobreth (.i. tucad), Hy. v 85 . dobeir pōic di gives her a kiss, RC xxiv 198 . duber-som ainm claidib donaib briathraib he gives the name of sword, Ml. 77a2 , cf. Sg. 156b6 , Wb. 20c24 . doratsat fir nÓlnécmacht in riastartha do anmm do C[h]oinc[h]ulaind gave the name . . . to C., TBC-I¹ 1455 . ni tardsad cís nā cāin dōib, Todd Nenn. 72 . gach manach nach tiubrae | a edbairt don ecclais, BNnÉ 309 . dobēra in prímfáidh nemh d'anmain gach aoin, Duan. F. i 10 . ni tardai do rūn do mnāi tell not thy secret to a woman, Anecd. v 9 . ba Patric dubert baithis du C. who baptized C., Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). doratta duit . . . do guide thy prayers are granted, Thes. ii 318 ( Hy. ii 50 Comm. ). dobert R. altugudh buidi do Dia, BS 4 . dorattar doibh an bennacht, Anecd. ii 32 . go nach dtiobhraidh aon neach ceannas dá chéile not one will yield supremacy to (i.e. come short of) another, ML 6 . do Dia doberat edil offer prayers, Corm. Y 513 . cia freacra dobērad an t-eicsine dō, 825 . dind fortacht durat Dia do, Ml. 40b8 . nach tiobhraidh foidhide do neach will not show patience, TSh. 9038 . cid ara tarat in bēist . . . onoir do Brigit, Hy. iv Pref. dobēr-sa do breath fēn duid I will give thee thy own award, Lec. 156c38 . úar na tabrai rēir d'Adam thou dost not obey, SR 848 . cid bé ainder mná dobéra toil don fhior gráid shall love, SG 47 . cia doberad eolus dam-sa co Mag R.? who would guide me, MR 276 . dorad failti do ḟileadaib welcomed, Lec. 286b5 . ní tart termann do Themraig gave not protection, Metr. Dinds. i 26 . ni tharad (tharat, LU) menmain do thuus na conaire paid no heed, TBC-I¹ 233 . nā tabhair h'aire doib heed them not, BCC 190 . cidh tuc duit-si mh'aithne-si? how dost thou know me?, BS 138 . mor . . . in dimiad tuc mac mo mathar damsa, Lec. 613b6 . deargruathar Tuathail . . . sochaidi da tuc imned, 590a10 . dobertsat a milid frit[h]bert amnus dosum, CCath. 3255 . amail . . . na tard tograim nā toruighecht do mhacaibh Israel did not give chase to, Leb. Gab.(i) 200 . ni thucsat claonadh don scēl they did not distort the affair, Fl. Earls 62 . dobert buille don c[h]ip struck, Corm. Y 690 . dobertsad frais d'[ḟ]ōidib doib hurled at them, Lec. 617a24 . tucsadar dāil bāis don rig, 603a14 . tucsat d'Assal écomnart, Metr. Dinds. iii 280 . doratsatar féin dond ríg | a ndoíri gave themselves up as slaves, SR 3405 . thug iad féin do chraosól gave themselves up to drink, Eochairsg. 3 . dobreth ingen Fhoraind dó was given to him (in marriage), Todd Nenn. 230.1 . ni rag-sa, inge mad doberthar Findabair dam, TBC-I¹ 1244 . With vn. or subord. clause as obj.: tucsamar dó . . . labrad remonn we have yielded him (the right) of speaking before us, Ériu iv 108 . tuc do cach thúaith beith cen síd, Imr. Brain ii 301 . tabair do na dóinib cu rafhógnat daitt, PH 7914 . surrenders, gives up: co tucsat in cathraig, ZCP i 398 . tucsatt an barda an baile, AFM v 1846 . In extended sense: cid dobir na cōic seōtu do eneclann in boairech? what causes?, Laws iv 308 Comm. itchonnarc-sa fén hi . . . ┐ dobēr co follus duib-si hi I will make it plain (cause it to be plain), PH 100 . tuc in péist fiacail do (i.e. bit him), SG 252 . tuccadh droch-cuit d'Ua R. don mhígníomh sin a share in this misdeed was ascribed to O'R., AFM v 1826 . d.¤ teist: combad sissi doberad teist dimsa who should bear witness of me, Wb. 18a3 , cf. 15d8 (but: dobiur teist n-airi, 14a20 , cf. 28b31 ). d.¤ cath, etc. gives battle: dobéraind-sea cath do Choncobair, LL 254a22 . tobert tress ndó, Fianaig. 24 . tucatar in gleo . . . dá chéile, SG 271 . doberar in cath i ndorus ind lis, Anecd. v 15 . buadach in tres tucsabair, SG 37 . By analogy: is na flaith tucad in Tāin, Lec. 363b29 . conad impi tucad Tain Bo Fliguis, 387a38 . Cf. further: thugadar dóibh a Fán . . . gur romhuidh ar Ghallaibh they gave battle to them (cath omitted?), Ériu i 78 . d.¤ grád, etc. DO: ni taibrem seirc donaib rétaib frecndaircib, Wb. 15c19 . mairg dobeir seirc do duni, SCC 44 ( IT i 224 ). dorat Ossin gradh mór dind ingin, RC xiii 9 . co tabraitis na lenaim fuath di used to hate her, SG ii 457 . d.¤ . . . do (dia) aire, etc. takes heed: ni thartsat dia n-airi a n-ebairt in drui, LL 254a23 . is tabartha do airi indus in cheneoil the character . . . must be observed, TBC-I¹ 327 . tren doratus do menmain, SR 1866 , cf. 1945 . ní tarat F. do mod sain paid no heed to that, SG 405 . a ben trebar dos-beir mod his prudent wife is astonished, ScM. 3 (see 1 moth and ZCP xxii 29 ). dobeir di óid aní sìn he gives heed to, LU 9826 ( PRIA xix 532 ). an tan tucsat dia n-uidh e when they noticed it, AFM vi 1898 . Saúl ná tabair d'eislis do not overlook S., SR 6110 (see éislis). do thuatha fadéin tuc dot réir ar tús, KMMisc. 260 . Cf. phrases d.¤ aire, menmain, réir do quoted above. Cf. thug sé a dhaoine don chloidhiomh put . . . to the sword, Psalms lxxviii 62 .

(b) do-beir fri = d.¤ do; orig. FRI is used to introduce object or final purpose of action, cf. ind lēire doratsam fri sechim gníme, Wb. 13d15 ; ni fris tarddam ar n-athius, SP ii 3 ( Thes. ii 293 ); in ingen . . . nochostibrea re cétluth, TBC-LL¹ 3502 . Later indicating recipient: cia risa tibre theidm? to whom wilt thou deal ruin?, RC xx 12 . bean fris tabar coibche . . . ┐ fer dobeir coibche mor fri baidsig, Laws iv 56 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 116 ). dobert-som cairdi friu-som granted them a truce, TBC-I¹ 2899 . dobretha ratha fri Laigniu, LU 9797 . a ratha dorat fri Laigin . . . co tart-som gréin ┐ esca friu, MacCarthy 396 . doberim bríathar ris, Fianaig. 82 (see below (j)). dobreth a fír fer fris he was given fair play, Ériu iii 137 . co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn, TTr.² 1803 . dobheirim buidheachas re Dia, Donlevy 434 . trom, trén . . . fris tibhre a fhercc, BNnÉ 35 . The follg. might equally be referred to II: doratad crích fri Mumain, Metr. Dinds. iii 202 . dobert drumain di fri cech cóiced he assigned a ridge of it to every province, Ériu iv 152 .

(c) dobeir (ní) ar gives in exchange for, pays for: amal bid lōg mór dubertha erru, Ml. 130d15 . tuc ar Ioseph . . . trichait leth n-unga n-argait, SR 3151 . is ed lóg doberar ar sáerad in domnaig, Ériu ii 196 . nitad tabartha bui duit ar dartaib thou must not give thy cows for strippers, TBC-I¹ 2856 . dorattsat a milettacht ar miodhlachas exchanged their warlike spirit for cowardice, AFM vi 2298 .

(c 2) do-beir ar makes for, attacks : tuc cóic droch-bachlacha duba | ar tairrsech mo thigi 'five bad malevolent churls made for the threshold of my house' Celtica xxv 23 § 3 .

(d) dobeir (ní) i n-, id. (with notion of compensation or retribution): dobértar dá boin 'sa mboin ┐ dá cháirigh 'sa gcáeirig two cows shall be given for one, Fianaig. 72 . is í eraic doradad ind, Corm. Y 690 . inní doberar isin ní fogeilus . . . what is given for that which (the animal) consumes, Laws i 270 Comm.

(e) do-beir uad gives, gives away ; in Mod. Ir. ó with the reflex. pron. is used when the recipient is not expressed; in older lang. somet. accompanies DO and recipient, e.g. dorat Ianothán . . . huad a heirriud do Dauid, SR 5933 ; tabraid uaib airmitiu glan | dom chomdeilb-si, 1823 , 2881 . dorad Ioseph aichni uad orrtha, YBL 64a45 . dobered huadi-si imchomrac na mac bethad, Mon. Tall. 150 . tabhair cúntas do ghabháltais féin uait, TSh. 229 . dobheirit imat almsan uaidibh, Fl. Earls 100 . an tan mhallaighthear sinn, do bheirmaoid ar mbeannachd uáinn, 1 Corinth. iv 12 .

(f) d.¤ immach gives out, gives away, dispenses: int aenmacc ríg . . . is mō fuair ┐ tuc amach, ZCP viii 111 . nech thinóilfios ó fheraib Eirenn immuig 'na tibra-sum immach, SG 400 . cion do chur i nDruim Lethan | do rioghaibh . . . ni thiubar amach go brath I will never concede, BNnÉ 288 . in éiricc dobéra duine amach, Laws i 76 Comm. dā nōi [mbliadna] dorat smacht amach exercised sway, Lec. 44b40 . dlegur an diet do tabhairt amach nisa mó (= alimenta copiosiora sunt exhibenda), 24 P 3, 73.8 .

(g) Of an author cites, adduces: ní tabair desimrechta hic , Sg. 214a5 . tobertar desmrechta . . . dia rēlad, Ml. 25b6 . is do thucad exemplum for this an example has been cited, Sg. 77b5 . in testimni donucsom riam, Tur. 39 ( Thes. i 486 ). ni tucsam dind lín-sin | acht ríga na sluag-sin we have mentioned only the kings, Fél. Ep. 31 . húare nad tucus acht aní rupu thascide I have set down [in my book] only what was necessary, Thes. ii 225 . dobir in brethem cosmailius don chaingin ima fuiglither cites a parallel case, Corm. Y 611 . it mathi na dūla dorata and the elements which have been mentioned, LL 282b7 . ? dobheirid sgrioptúir . . . dá áitiughadh they quote Scripture to prove it, Eochairsg. 107 .

(h) yields, produces:? caera dona caeraib dobert trefuilngid fora craeb, RC xv 419.19 . nicopé lán-torath dobéra, ZCP xi 94 . ionnus go dtiubhradh sibh toradh, John xv 16 .

(i) utters, pronounces (oft. folld. by ar (ós) aird): dobert a srém caurad asa brágit, TBC-I¹ 1781 . tug A. a ossnam ass, TE 7 (Eg.). dobeir a mairg eisti she laments, SG 254 . dorad a guth n-ard bur aird, ZCP viii 553 . na gáre dosbertatár ar aird, TBC-I¹ 1783 . tugsat gáire . . . ós aird, Fianaig. 88 . doberat nāi ngrecha . . . os ard, RC xiii 6 . go ttug G. osnach éccomhluinn ós áird, ML 138 . dusrat gach aon scret ┐ eigem . . . os aird, Fl. Earls 140 . ag tabhairt a dhocra fein os aird, BS 90 . In absol. constr. (obj. being the statement follg.): imtusa na nGrec doberar os aird it is reported, TTebe 1714 . iomthusa Eoghain, dobhearar ós áird, ML 116 . dāla mac Milead immorro, dobearar os aird . . . dobrisidur cath, etc., Lec. 568a17 . a thabhairt ar aird cia dorinne, IGT Introd. § 1 . cach ní . . . na tuc ar aird which he had not made known, Laws i 208 Comm. Cf. na leabhair sin . . . tuigidh ar aird ma táid libh produce them if you have them (?), Content. xviii 31 .

(j) d.¤ bréthir (luge, etc.) promises, (swears): is andsin dorad Fergus in lugu-sa, TBC-I¹ 3546 . doberim mo breithir . . . conad taesca, etc., RC xxiv 198 . is mór in briathar-sa dobheir an laech that is a mighty vow the warrior makes, CF 139 . dorat a minna took his oath, Fl. Earls 132 . dorat Dauid a theist . . . nā roaentaigset fria mnai swore, YBL 297a33 (cf. CCath. 6154 : dobertis testa an talman do lucht a ḟiadnaisiu they would call the earth to witness). With transference of obj. to thing sworn by: nā salaig ainm do Dia .i. nā tabair d'éthech he do not swear falsely by him, PH 7626 . ná tabhair ainm Dé gan fath, Ó Héodhusa 125 . tabhair an Céolán nár ghoid tu an chulaigh swear by the `Ceolan' (name of a bell), Ériu v 98 . dobhér dhó . . . grian ┐ easga, ML 104 (cf. exx. quoted under (b) above). acht cheana tuigim-se na dei nar-ua cedughud dom vadein I swear by the gods, TTebe 2031 . ná tabhraidh neamh . . . ná tabhraidh an talamh swear not by heaven . . . by earth, Matthew v 34 , 35 ; xxiii 6 . With transference of obj. to statement sworn: tucc E. dá bhréithir . . . nach béardaois, etc. E. pledged his word, ML 134 . doberim dom bréthir ris, Fianaig. 78 . dobermáit dár [mb]reithir, SG 241 . dobeirim fám' breither . . . go ndigeolainn, MR 278 . tugas féin fóm' bréithir nach diongnainn . . ., ML 114 .

(k) d.¤ bréic, etc. imm deceives: na taibred cách úaib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . bréc dorat in ben imond the woman has deceived us, IT i 132 . ní tartat sensus breíc im anmin the senses cannot deceive, Acr. 5d5 ( Thes. ii 2 ). na comarthadha na tardsat breicc immum riam, CCath. 5119 . co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg, TBC-I¹ 1461 . dobera muin n-immi he will be taken in, IT i 144 . See also s.v. 3 muin and muinbech. Different constr. in TBC-I¹ 1595 ( LU 6067 ): dober (leg. doberr) brēc imon n-ingin who is beguiled about the girl (?).

(l) d.¤ agaid (cúl, druim, etc.) turns: nach fuil nech dobera a agid formsa who will face me, CRR 44 . dorat a agaid fri muindtir neime, BColm. 70 . ná tabair cúl dot chétmhóid turn not your back on your first vow, O'Gr. Cat. 402 . nach tug cúl re béim a bíodhbhadh, Ó Bruad. ii 264 . tuc a druim re grian do ┐ a bél a n-airde, CF 358 . nā tabrad a druim fria Ríg, BColm. 100 . na tabair lāim frim do not resist me, SR 3182 . doberat a lām fri hEtail they skirt the coast of Italy, Aen. 137 . dorad a láimh ndeis re dúnadh righ he left the fortress . . . on his right, BS 100 . contardad tóeb fri muir keeping along the sea, Fianaig. 36 . óc in mac . . . dober bond ri Banba ṁbind `who sets foot on Banba's soil', Ériu vii 224 . ní thard troig teichidh ré n-uathad ná ré sochaide he never fled, SG ii 487 . dobeir tóib fri (do) trusts: fri corpthadid doberat Iudai tóib, Wb. 15b2 . ná tabair toeb fri Saul, SR 5956 . is trén an tigerna | rise-tabram taobh, ZCP viii 203 . See taeb. dobeir láim ar (fo) takes in hand, sets about: thug C. lámh ar imtheacht, ITS i 140 . nistibrea liaig laim fom leiges-sa, PH 423 . mór in feidm fa tucais laim, MR 202 . olc in gnímh fa tucus laimh, ZCP x 415 . Note also: tucsat lámh co foiréignech inn they laid hands on him, SG 30 .

(m) With expressions of time spends: taréis a n-aimsire do thabairt dona hAlbanachuibh after the Albanachs had completed their term of service, ALC ii 406 . tucatar in chétsel don oidche re hól . . . tucatar in tres shel re suan, SG 268 . . . . iarla ná tug bliadhain dá shaogal acht ag snoidhe a chnám, etc., O'Gr. Cat. 565 . gearr an seal thugsad fa chion, Content. v 106 . In later lang. folld. by ass: tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach, Fianaig. 52 . dá fheabhas dobhéara duine a bheatha as, TSh. 33 .

(n) With various other nouns: i maigin hi tabair th'úal (= ubi mingis), Thes. ii 248 . dobeir [an gerrán] a mún ann, SG ii 484 . dobérat huili a coibsena will make confession, Wb. 6b27 . co tarat cach díb a chobais dia cēle, Hy. v 33 Comm. ( Thes. ii 335 ). is ris doberead a comairli with him he used to take counsel, Ériu v 236 . dobēram comairli fair-sin we will take counsel on that matter, RC viii 152 . acht int hé na tibri cert who does not deal fairly, SR 1659 . senad sruithi . . . dofuctais recht is canóin who used to deliver (promulgate), 4524 . fer dobered mór ndeg-breth, Metr. Dinds. iii 36 . na hécóire dobertha i taoib araile díob the foul play that was being practised towards, SG 325 . tucsat a bfeidm i n-einḟeacht `made their attack', MR 272 . ? doradadh sin in gnim do geallus doib the dead . . . has been accomplished, ZCP x 303 . o dorat Mártain ní i ḟertaib when M. had done something in the way of miracles (?), RC iii 392 = Lat. Lives 92 . tuc airrdhe na croiche, 94 (perh. taris is understood). a chēim co imthréith ni thard never took a feeble step, LL 140b50 . nach tug céim ar gcúl i ngroidghleo, Ó Bruad. ii 52 . ba hé luas ind ērma do-n-ucsad iar mBregaib the course they made, TBC-I¹ 675 . tuc se leim assan luing, BCC 195 . tucsat a rith robalc | in chonart the hound-pack bore its impetuous course, Metr. Dinds. iii 408 . ní roan don ruathar sin tucustair, Ériu v 242 . tucsat na siabra side made an onset, Metr. Dinds. ii 66 , cf. AFM vi 2114 . rathaigis in slog indas in toichime dombert (i.e. noticed his gait), TBC-I¹ 2939 . tugastair tulgad don mhanaois gave a thrust of the spear, ML 88 . tuccsat a ttaisbenadh fein don dá tighearna sin showed themselves to those two lords, AFM vi 2080 . mairg mathair dorad m' idhna who suffered birth pangs for me, CF 97 . intan dorata na etarnaidi ara chinn ó Loegaire when the ambuscades were laid for him, Hy. vii Pref . ( Thes. ii 354 ). ní tuc urcor n-imraill riam, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . dobir Colmán . . . tí da bachaill makes a circle with his staff, BColm. 62 .

(o) causes, brings about, effects: cid dober th' orfailtius? CRR 18 . fer . . . rodatuc for longes who caused your exile (?), TBC-I¹ 3584 . ní heasbaidh eoluis . . . tug don choirneach mo chrostáil that caused the tonsured friar to censure me, Ó Bruad. ii 208 . tuc mh'eg it has caused my death, BS 26 . súaill nach ttuc mh'oididh, 28 . iarfaidh Dia fort gach aon tucais a malairt (but perh. = i m-malairt?), RC xxxiv 312 . dorat imarbaigh hi tig Guaire, Ériu v 26 . doratsat creidemain gur uo firbriathra . . . gach ar chan in senóir `these showed that', Fl. Earls 128 . dorad Conn sneachta mór tre draoidheacht, Keat. i 116 . a cumuilt don cend ┐ dobeir in folt it promotes the growth of the hair, 24 B 3, 97.3 . Freq. in pass. in sense of occurred: Finachta .i. snechta fína thucad ina ḟlaithius, Lec. 445b9 . noco tucad cith cruaid clochshneachta, MR 236 . tuccadh ár Laighen, 110 . Folld. by vn. phrase or subord. clause: gorab e secrān eagna tuc an baramail sin da tabairt, Ir. Astr. Tr. 30 . cred dober gan comlann éinfir d'ḟagail do?, CF 449 . dober sin nech gan beth dub nā gel, 24 B 3, 103.7 . fiarfaigid Ipocras cad dober gurob faidi an aimser, etc. asks why the time is longer, 23 P 10, 17a30 .

(p) Folld. by adj. or equivalent as complement of pred. makes, renders, causes to be: dosrat inna ligu laid them low, Hy. ii 62 Comm. fer . . . | dober in cosmail cach leirg who renders every slope the same (?), TBC-I¹ 71 . cid donrat samlaid? what has made him so?, CRR 1 , 2 . ri dosrat . . . indara huair blāith . . ., ind uair aili ainbthechae who has made them (the winds) at one time calm, at another tempestuous, SR 93 . dobheir mé duilbhir doirbh, Ériu i 95 . Clann Morna fa líg 's fa lecht | tugais comlomm thou hast brought to bareness, 16 . cid dobeir gan mnái tú?, Ériu iii 152 . domrat Dia cen derbráthair, SG 58 . tug teinn tréith mé, O'Gr. Cat. 527 . intan tucad máthair í when she conceived, SG 391 . dobeir deghdatha í gives it a good colour (the face), O'Gr. Cat. 191 . tug sé minlinnte ina muir, 451 . don tréad tug mo rádh bréagach who have given the lie to my word, Ó Bruad. iii 142 .

II Puts, places, sets: co tarat il-láim na cumaile put it into the c.'s hand, Hy. v 72 Comm. dobertatar in lucuirp luibe do-som ina cluasa(ib) `gave him herbs (to put) in his ears' (put herbs in his ears?), Ériu xvi 38 § 4 . tucad a tosuch fo diu[d] its beginning has been put at the end, Sg. 202b8 . doridne Dia in talam ┐ tuc muir ina thimchell, Lec. 527b12 . dorat in cloidem triasin mbrat ran the sword through the cloak, RC ii 388 . doberait a tri sligi trit, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . tugsat Saxain sceana eturra ┐ a m-maelana hid knives in the soles of their shoes, Todd Nenn. 102 .

Frequent with prepp.

(a) with FO: tarat a bragait fon cungai (of a horse), Hy. v 55 Comm. ( Thes. ii 341 ). ? maccán sē mbliadnae déac intan dobreth fo déraib, ii 3 ( 308 ). loscset dún Cláre . . . tucsat fo thenid etrocht, LL 27b9 . rí dosrat fo thalman tói, Metr. Dinds. ii 40 . dosmbéra fo chumachta in maicc, Wb. 13a30 . ni hed domthabair fo grād which confers dignity on me, SR 3301 . dorad iathu Erenn . . . fo smacht flaithiusa Muman, RC xxiv 186 . dosfug fo baithis ┐ creidim, Todd Nenn. 78 . dosrat fo chlaidiub, SR 4148 . mór do ros-gaibh ban mbáidhe | doradus fo eccaoine have I made weep, BS 130 . ni fuath . . . tug fúm aigneadh athraightheach `that has given me a discontented mind', KMMisc. 242.15 . dorat Dia fo a menmain had inspired them to do it, SR 3704 . dorat Duid bindius foaib (of psalms), Hib. Min. 156 . tucadar dá chapall . . . futha mounted two mares, Imr. Brain i 68 . dobir a anail fóithib, Trip.² 597 . mairg fa ttabhraid mna menma on whom women set their fancy, BS 112 . d.¤ fo dera, see fo-fera.

(b) With FOR (and accus.)

(i) of local relations: intan dobered nech a mēr for a ētan, Corm. Y 48 . roradsat T.D.D. temheal forsan gréin, BB 32a52 . fri hōl . . . dobertis na lestair-si forsna tibradaib, Corm. Y 48 . Eremon fēn dorad fōt furri buried her, Lec. 569a33 . co tarat a tech forthu knocked down the house upon them, Ériu v 212 . tucsat a curach fursan muir, KMMisc. 322 . co tarat fein teinid fair set fire to it, Anecd. iii 34 . doberthar F. for a deisreth let F. be placed on his right, TBC-I¹ 1579 . doratad cumrech forru they were put in bonds, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 323 ). dorigni tech ┐ ní tardad (thárrad, v.l.) simin tuga fair, Trip.² 1816 . tabraid-si ar bur menmain bear in mind, CCath. 5142 .

(ii) With vnn. etc.: tucad for altruim he was put out in fosterage, SG 391 . far ṅDia do forfuc for brath your God has betrayed you, SR 4679 . tuccastair an baile for a cumus placed . . . in his power, BNnÉ 264 . dobert a máthair Corc ar faesum na hamaidi placed C. under the protection of, Lec. 443a32 . cidh rottuc ar gealtacht thú? what has driven thee mad?, BS 102 . co ttucsat misi ar fáoineal ┐ ar foluamhuin, ib. cenco tucad grian for rith cose though the sun was not yet started on its course, Lec. 527b4 . doratad fort sheilb it has been given into thy possession, PRIA xix 546 ( LL 147a 9 ).

(iii) In sense lays upon, confers on, imposes on, inflicts on (both in good and bad sense); in Mid. Ir. often taking the place of an O.Ir. construction with DO: is airi sin doratad foir a n-ainmm sin, Sg. 31a6 (doratad dó is the usual O.Ir. construction). dobretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177 . parrthus talmhaidi doberta for an n-istadh sin, ZCP i 252 . ni taibre grad for nech do not ordain, Wb. 29a22 . co tarda grád fair, 'until he ordains him [king]' Trip. 2303 , PBA lxviii 128 . dobēr indus fair I will reconnoitre it (a route), TBC-I¹ 378 . ordd abgitir dorat forsna consona, Sg. 23b5 . isí roinn tucsat fair the division they made of it, D IV 2, 77 rb 9 . is mait[h] int anocul tuc for na heocha it is well he has spared the horses, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 . go ttarad D. aithne fair recognized him, BS 16 . doberat adrad Dé foirn worship us as Gods, PH 2060 . dobeir barr for sluagu `puts a top on' (i.e. forms a climax, crowns), Fél. Nov. 30 , cf. Mar. 31 . ara tardda bendacht for anmain in truagáin, Thes. ii 257 . arin altrom dobertais[s]iu form-sa, ZCP viii 553 . dober-sa fortacht fair, TTebe 1918 . combad iarsin ḟrecra doberad-si for Meidb, TBC-I¹ 279 . ní thug-san iomagallamh air did not address him, RC xxix 116 . doratsat impidi fair, FB § 27 . ina hetarguíde doberait na nóib fair, PH 6386 . nicon tibre etech form he will not refuse me, Corm. Y 698 . ar son na héra tucais fair, SG 28 . gach tenga . . . forsa tardadh rath, Ériu iv 238 . SR 7143 . rí dorat sobarthain sláin | for ciniud n-amra nAbráim, 7433 . cia ar a ttiobhra [Críost] breath?, Parrth. Anma 93 = Luc. Fid. 49 . dobertis cech n-olc form, Ml. 54c30 , cf. 89a2 . dorat brón for sochaide, Fianaig. 66 . tucatar . . . buaidred ar buidhnibh, 90 . ar ná tucca nech crith fort, Tec. Corm. 46 . ni tarda tusliud form may it not cause me to stumble, Hy. vi 12 Comm. ( Thes. ii 352 ). co tardta bricht suain fair, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . rí fors tardad gūforgall, SR 7752 . tabraidh in adhaidh doberdáiss orainn orra fein, Expugn. Hib. 17 . dobertsad ár adhbhal forra, AFM 1172 . tuc bleith mulind forthu, CRR 25 . ní tuc laech dibh-sin guin air, CF 789 , cf. 129 . ní tabur a chin ar nech blame does not accrue to anyone, Ériu v 26 . tobert a chin forsin fer he charged the man . . . with the injury, Laws iv 178 Comm. ní tharda fornn . . . digail seirb, SR 2727 . ni tarda dínsium for a n-abraim-si do not despise what I say, CF p. 89 . tucsat esbaid aonmeic (sic leg.) ort, a Dé they deprived Thee of Thy only Son, ACL iii 243 . iarsin fingail doratsat for sóerchlandaib Erenn, ZCP xi 63 n. 10 . dobērthar in mor-martra ann for sil Adaim, SR 8179 . ná tabhairthear éigion fair, BNnÉ 28 . dorat forrán for Tamár forced, SR 6710 . dobert-sa gén fort I have made you a laughing-stock, TBC-LL¹ 1893 . dobērat maldachtain form-sa, TBC-I¹ 23 . dorat cúrsachad mór forra, SG 89 . dobérsa miscaid fair, Ériu viii 156 . tabarr pian forsna hí, Ml. 104b2 . ní thabhair Dia orumsa | pian, BS 138 . bóthar na Muilte . . . thug sgís ar mhórán do mhnáibh, Ériu i 101 . uair mian moltcharna doradadh d'á mhathair for Oilill Molt an gcén robhaoi n-a broinn O. M. got a taste for wether-mutton from his mother, Hy Fiach. 96 . Also freq. with ammus, fóbairt, sidhe, maidm, etc., q.v.

(iv) enjoins upon, compels, instigates: dosbēr-sa fort-sa do Dia féin do fácbail, PH 2060 . doradad fair géim drúith do dénam, RC xxiv 54 . is e dorad foraib-si in bréag do cantain, Todd Nenn. 94 .

(c) With FRI: conducthar nomen fris until a name is put to it, Sg. 200b13 , cf. 42b7 , 63a17 . dobreth coirthi fria chenn ┐ araile fria chosa, TBC-I¹ 419 . dobert aigid fri aigid, Fianaig. 36 . tucastar sciath fri sciath, CRR 45 . ise naidm dorad Corc mac L. ria lāim Conaill the compact which C. made with C., Lec. 410a29 . ar des rīg is ruirech | doradsad frit lāim, TBC-I¹ 2270 . dobheirim m'ainm ré n-abraim I put my name to what I write, Content. xxi 1 . dober frit a l[ín] lae o thus bliad[ne] `thou puttest the number of days' (gl. computa dies), Thes. ii 36 . Of fig. relations: nathir . . . donrat fri saeth tria aslach who has brought us into trouble, SR 1342 . dosrat fri sním, 5797 , cf. 5867 . manip fri toil Dé dosmerat unless they lead him to oppose the will of God, Mon. Tall. 144 . Cf. also under I (l) above.

(d) With IMM: dobeir a dī bois ima dī lecain, Corm. Y 756 . dobert in rígan brat ngorm imbi put on , TBC-I¹ 726 . dorat nél impu, SR 3963 . tobert C. beoil ima heim smeared grease on its hilt, Corm. Y 883 . tuc urrcur de uimpe struck him against it (i.e. the boulder?), CF 221 , cf. tuc béim de immun corthe, TBC-LL¹ 1027 .

(e) With I N-

(i) Of local relations: dobert (.i. tuc) díllat i criol Ronchinn, Hy. v 84 ( Thes. ii 347 ). dabir it béulu thou puttest it into thy mouth, Thes. ii 249 . ni thardad dantmir i mbeolu in chind, Corm. Y 1018 . dobeir a láim il-láim tigerna, CRR 11 , cf. SG 90.29 . dorad a mhér a suainemh na sleighe, BS 10 . co tard a fiacla inn, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . baile i tartad in degben was buried, Metr. Dinds. iii 40 . a n-as tardtar ana hūir what is laid in its clay (of a graveyard), Lism. L. 3505 . tucad a talmain la [a] mac was buried, Lec. 580a32 . dorad misi it chumann-sa | mallacht Ronáin R.'s curse has thrown me into thy company, BS 82 . domratad i slabraid I have been put in chains, ZCP vi 263 .

(ii) With abstr. as obj.: gurub faill tug 'n-ar tegmáil he has neglected our quarrel, Ériu iv 216 . mairg thugas neamhshuim a dteangainn a dhuthaoi féin, O'Gr. Cat. 219 .

(iii) I N- folld. by abstr.: ní thibér-sa tusa i n-áirem I will hold thee of no account, PH 1804 . ni tabar a n-uimir cenel acht cined dā mac dib nama the descendants of only two sons are counted among the races, Lec. 67b14 . doberr don dligud-so i frithcheist gl. huic opponitur, Sg. 163b10 . doberr hi cotarsne do gl. obiicitur, 21b5 . amal duberad nech do hi ceist as though someone had asked him, Ml. 56a13 . conda-tardat hi coibsin may confess it, Ml. 181d16 . taibred hi cobsin di anmcharait, Ériu vii 158 . na peacaidhe thug duine i ndearmad, Eochairsg. 108 . ar nachat-tarda nech i n-éislis lest thou be neglected, Tec. Corm. 46 . ní thard ó D. na sgéla sin i foill, Hugh Roe 118 .

(iv) With pers. obj., brings, puts (into a state or condition): as é domrad a n-ainriocht, BS 42 . as Dia dudnuic issa n-imned, Ml. 44d14 . dosbér uili i mbás i mbath I will destroy them, SR 2431 . ó dotrat i socht, i sním, Ériu vii 225 (impers. use of vb.?). dosrat a snim mor sloigh na nG. um an ni-sin the hosts of the G. were sorely troubled about that matter (cf. prec. ex.), Ériu v 146 . do naemaib Eirenn tuc sadaile na bethad-so i dtarcaisne who spurned this life's luxuries, O'Gr. Cat. 638 . Cf. further: a flaith . . . dosrat hi ceathra ranna fichet, Lec. 45b40 . Cf. I (p) supra.

(f) With TAR: ronfialadar .i. dorata a fial torund may He put His veil over us, Hy. i 1 Comm. ( Thes. ii 299 ). tardad dícealtar tairsib, ZCP viii 103 . dobert láim dara agid, TBC-I¹ 1841 . co tarat láim dar hiffern (of Christ harrowing Hell), SR 7772 . tabraiter láma tairis let him be seized, TBC-I¹ 1471 . dorat sighin na croiche tairis crossed himself, RC xxxiv 322 . dobér-sa . . . a crosa dar m'aigidh, ZCP viii 110 . fuilt dar a tabar, it liat[h]a upon which it is poured (of a well), Todd Nenn. 194 . co tabrad usce dar a lámu, RC ii 400 . dorad Dia dilind tarsin n-uili doman, Lec. 534a31 .

(g) sends: tabar fer for āth damsa (a challenge), TBC-I¹ 1482 (where senses give and put are both implicit). dobretha Medb techta for cend Fir Diad, 2210 , 2212 . co tibred aingliu i m-agaid-si that he would send angels to encounter me, PH 1786 . dobretha C. nonbor úad . . . do chuingid mna do Ch., LU 10168 . comadh iat a daltadha doberta ar amus Sencháin dús cia dhib, etc. who were sent to S., ACL iii 5 . doradad Paladius a papa C. do progecht soscela do Scotaib, BB 10a26 .

III Brings, leads .

(a) fedar .i. . . . dohucthar (referring to Lat. ferri), Sg. 210a4 . donfé .i. donfuca may she bring us, Hy. iv 2 Comm. ( Thes. ii 325 ). dodfetis .i. dobertis, Hy. ii 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 312 ). ní fitemmar can doberr whence it is brought (of a variant reading), Sg. 32b5 . dobreit[h] dobarchi isin comhbreic (the word) `dobarchi' has been introduced into Cymric, Corm. Y 311 . is é Nothelmus tucastar epistil ó Griguir, Anecd. iii 64 . in rí thuc inn arcc forcūl who brought back the ark, SR 5505 . ba i ngataib dombertadar a l-loegu, TBC-I¹ 912 . in scian tucad dō a tirib Alban, Corm. Y 698 . Fig. brings, deduces, traces (of a sequence, genealogy, etc.): is amlaid sin tugasdair ar senoir-ne geinilach Breatan a cronicib na Romanach, Todd Nenn. 36 . o Róba . . . tugus co cróda an caithréim | co Codnaig, Hy Fiach. 278 . tucus lim . . . o Chloind Maelruanaid . . . co craeib Luaraid, 214 . With co: tabram ar roisc ┐ ar indfhethium co Dia let us raise our eyes and our thoughts to God, PH 8067 . fén douc a bantigerna chuci, Hy. v 25 Comm. ( Thes. ii 333 ). tuccastair a mac féin cuice d'fir took to her as husband, MacCarthy 288 . ceadh ima ram-tugadh-sa chugaibh?, RC xiv 258 . doberar a drai co Brian, RC xxiv 180 . tug C. clann Cruithnigh do cobraid cuci called in the Picts to his aid, BB 370a42 . caisil . . . .i. cís dobertha o feraib Erenn cosin luc sin, Corm. Y 391 . With DOCHUM: cenis-tuca-su chucud dochom betad hi though thou bring her not to life, Mon. Tall. 144 . tuc na heochu chum beathadh dorísí, SG 25 . dobēra mo des-sa Aenias dochum bāis will put (lit. bring) to death, Aen. 2895 . nis tibritis dochum in carpait they could not bring (the Grey of Macha) to the chariot, RC iii 175 . nír fhác senmóir riam nach tibredh duine dochum creidme, SG 44 .

(b) With LA referring to subject (the usual construction in later lang.): donfuca leis, Hy. i 1 Comm. ( Thes. ii 299 ). co nostucam lenn i mbrait, SR 3979 . tucus mo sheotu lim ┐ mo indili, TBC-I¹ 1612 . In fig. relations: in tucsam Temraig lind? have we taken in Tara in our course? (lit. brought with us), SG ii 492 ( LL 329a5 ). clanda Gaeidil . . . thucsom a n-imthechta lind o . . . thur Neamruad ille we have followed their adventures from the tower of N. onwards, Lec. 565b10 ( BB 38a11 ); cf. Hy Fiach. 214 quoted under III (a). dia tarta nech leis na cōic fa dhó if anyone multiply the five by two, Lism. L. 4618 . With abstr. obj.: tug leis feirg n-adhbhal n-anba | dom athchur he brought with him, i.e. displayed, BS 6 . abradh fris co ná tardad gráin ná hirfuath leis ina dochum, ACL iii 5 . indas na luinde ┐ na barainde . . . tucsat leo isin chath, LL 403a25 .

(c) d.¤ anuas brings down, humbles (mod.): dobhéuruinn a náimhde anuas go haithgheárr, Psalms lxxxi 14 , cf. xviii 27 . Cf. A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 3 : maor nach tug sároghadh síos `who has not taken down my offences' (?). See Desid. Gloss. (anuas) .

(d) d.¤ suas brings up, rears, educates (mod.): nech . . . tuccadh suas i Saxoibh as a óicce, AFM v 1752 . mar neach tugadh suas ionna ḟochair as one brought up with him, Proverbs viii 30 . degh-thabhartha suas well-educated , Rel. Celt. ii 206 .

IV Gets, wins, takes: an extension of meaning brings folld. by certain prepp. such as AS or Ó. Mostly in Mid. Ir. with confusion of do-rat- and do-ucc-, see above under forms.

(a) dorat mac Lonán ar a dhán ó fheraib Eirenn ní nach lugha iná a tuc Guaire immach won for his art from the men of Ireland an amount no less than G. had given away, SG 400 . in tan bes glainiu in anim rop and dos ucca Día may God take the soul when it is purest, Ériu vi 116 . rofāssaigh machaire na Muman . . . co tard iltáintiu carried off, RC xviii 50 (Tig.). tuchta tāinte treabh-clann | la Cremhthand, Todd Nenn. 136 . is ua dobeir cheird who adopts a calling, PRIA xix 546 . cinged issin sliab co tabrad fiad `to fetch a deer', Arch. Hib. ii 70 . tuccusae comarleccud I obtained permission, Mon. Tall. 136 . is iad dobeiredh gach buaidh, SG 34 . dobertatar a búaid they gained the victory over him, ZCP ix 192 . nipad andsu Cuchulaind acht tuctha a c[h]leitine aire provided his javelin were taken from him, TBC-I¹ 1331 . dobered leth brandaigechta ┐ fi[d]chillachta fora thigerna used to win, 2327 . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra, RC v 199 .

(b) With ASS: nicon robae rann di rannaib in domain as nacha tucad Dia, Ml. 125b7 (where meaning is still brings); cf. 94d4 . dotuc ass, a gillai (take thyself off?), LL 117a31 . asa Iubdain tuc mé as `I.'s sandals bore me through undrowned', SG 252 . ond uair doratus[s]a menmain ind, ní thucus as from the time that I set my mind on Him, I have never taken it from Him, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 324 ). dobeir Cuchulainn in ṅgai ass draws out the spear, RC iii 178 . dia taltar in cloch as do chind . . . mani tucthar ass, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 8 . romarbsat he . . . ┐ ni tucsat banne fola as did not draw a drop of blood, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). dibeir coicait Breasal la gach n-ernaighthe a hiffern takes fifty (souls) out of Hell, ZCP vii 306 . dusfuc Patraic . . . a taig Diaboil, ACL iii 303 . rí dofuc brait hiffirn uair | a pēin, a crithfeidm, SR 7777 , cf. 3961 . rocumdaig Dia int asna dorad a hAdhamh, BB 16b26 . dorat an t-oglach brodchú as a choim, Imr. Brain i 60 . saighit na sluaigh an chathair, co ttartsat a seoit . . . eiste, Leb. Gab.(i) 84 .

(c) With DE takes from: dothuc do Adaum a chenn | co ruc co Hierusalem, SR 2235 . dobēraind-sea a c[h]eand de, TBC-I¹ 824 . is he Tuathal tart a cindu dona coiceadaib cut off the extremities of the provinces, Lec. 594a10 = tall . . . dena c., LL 295b13 . co tuc a mind dia chend, SR 6727 . tair . . . fein don craunn | tuc de oen-ubull, 1262 , cf. 1285 . do naimdib doberar `from enemies it is taken', Laws i 228 Comm.

(d) With Ó: dobert secht multu uade carried off seven wethers from her, Hy. v 36 ( Thes. ii 337 ). cid tuccais ó Guaire? what has thou got from G.?, ACL iii 2 . ised tucsam o Máolrúain (the teaching) we received from M., Mon. Tall. 137 . da fuc Michol o Alathis took M. from A. (her husband), SR 6571 . dorad giallu o Findachta . . . ri Laigen, Lec. 138b43 . dorat mallachtain don tí . . . dobera[d] a mainc[h]ine ó Chiarán, ACL iii 226 . dorat buar iomdha uaidhibh, AFM 1263 (iii 392) . co ttarat a réir uadhoibh obtained his demand from them, 705 (i 306) . tuccais an éccsi nglain | ón mnaoi mérghil, ót máthair, ZCP viii 109 . in uainn tucadh? was it taken from us?, Laws i 74 Comm.

(e) d.¤ mnái takes a wife, weds: nā tuic seitchi gl. noli quaerere uxorem, Wb. 10a30 . regat-sa . . . co tuc a ingin, SR 5827 . an adhaigh tuc Mongán Dubhlacha, | tuc Mac an Daimh [a com]alta, Imr. Brain i 63 . co tucas-sa in mbé sáir sláin, Ériu iv 154 . dofuc-som ingin Aithechda, Hib. Min. p. 77 . nach tibrad mnai dogrés dia nustuccad nech ali remiu he would never wed any woman if another had wedded her already, TE 2 (Eg.). ca ben dobér? what woman shall I marry?, ZCP viii 113 . gēba flaithius ┐ dobēra rigan, Aen. 1248 . Fithir álainn . . . in ben dorat rí Berba, SG 360 . co tarat Eochu . . . in n-ingin ba siniu .i. Fithir, LL 294b48 ( RC xiii 36 ). amser i tibred Alax . . . mnái do Grecaib illánamnus, LL 229b34 ( TTr. 925 ). tabhair m'inghen-sa. —Ní thiubhar-sa í, ITS v 148 . annsa n-eiséirghe ní thabhruid fir mná ┐ ní tugthar mná d'fhearaibh, Matthew xxii 30 . With DO: tuc Hiruath ingin Aristopuil ... do mnaí, Ev.Inf. (LB) 381 § 104 . isé in Nemhnall sin dorad Finmaith inghen Carthaigh do mnáoi, BNnÉ 25 § 15 .

(f) d.¤ immach wins, captures (most freq. with vn.) (cf. I (f) above): an ben rucadh uaim-si . . . nach tuitfe fer d'Ulltachaib impe ag a tabairt amach in recovering her, Imr. Brain i 67 . ag tabhairt bhailte móra amach ó na nāimdibh, Rel. Celt. ii 206 . do chuir sídsi 'ma chaislén ┐ níor chinn leis a thabhairt amach, 178 . d.¤ istech id. : tuc A. sin isteach (of land), AFM iv 974 .

V Occas. do-beir appears as an intrans. vb. folld. by FOR or other prep. or adv. in sense makes for; falls on, attacks ; perh. from an orig. reflexive use, cf. dosfucsad dias laech do Laignib for Chond ┐ rosfobairsed Conn threw themselves on C., Lec. 598a46 . dober P. for N. ┐ non-gon, BB 440b32 . imatarla doib . . . co tarat indt aoinfer for firu Erind, Anecd. v 11 ( Sc.M² 8 . See Celtica iii 267 ). ise dorat forru co brath attacked them, ZCP xiii 348.9 . co tuc fói fell upon him (?), LL 260b50 . dorat cách co dúr ┐ co díchra risin debaid betook himself to the fray, 256a43 . doberait a muinter co dichra a n-agaid A., Aen. 2636 . doradsat co dichra 'sin cath, 2859 , 2612 . Follg. ex. is perh. an extension of this use: is andsin tucsad na tuatha-sin rigi do thabairt do S. made a move (decided) to give (?), Lec. 447a39 .

VI

(a) comprehends, understands ; gl. intellegere, Wb. 21c11 . intendere, 15a29 . hi tucu cheist ndoraid where I understand a difficult problem, SP ii 8 ( Thes. ii 294 ). ni tucai cách dib belrae alaili, Ml. 42c7 . duucthar tria rosc aní nolabraifitis, 55a10 . ara tuicce ar-rolegais, Wb. 28d7 . ara tucca cach a canas, 27b27 . ní tucsat cia chruth conrerortatar, Ml. 75d10 . nad tuicset rúna, Wb. 15a29 . ní tucid féin ní da n-abraid, RC xxviii 314 . do neoch dorucai mo rí | bec dofucaid ní dia grés of what my king can comprehend ye understand little (?), SR 7983 . ni frith dó . . . dia drúidib nech dosfucad, 3228 , cf. 2763 . ní ragaib acht nem . . . do cach oen nodgēbad ┐ nodafucfad etir cēill fogra, RC xx 134 . nír thuiccestair an mbreithir atbert R. fris, BNnÉ 323 . do tucsat cēlmhaine na ndruadh, ZCP i 398 . ní tucenn aenduine in briathar-sin uaithe, vi 291 . cindus rothuiggisi in berla ebraidi uaithib ┐ tu fen it' gregach?, YBL 141b22 . Folld. by vn. clause: ni tuccai nech anfoirbthe buith fo riaguil, Ériu i 202 .

(b) perceives, observes, is aware of: tucim nár bé chóir, TBC-LL¹ 4083 . douicim-ne ┐ tuigmit conid mog do Dia tusa, PH 750 . dofuicind Dia . . . co n-oslaicfither bar ruisc (= scit Deus quod aperientur, etc. , Gen. iii 5 ), Lec. 530a10 = dofuicfind, BB 16b53 . ar na rothucad Pátraic cia dia ṅdernad int immun, Trip. 396 . doucad in tan ticfad sonend ┐ donend, LU 823 ( ACC 58 ). dofucfa cách 'na mbia fo menmain a chéli cen a falsigud o briathraib, RC xxv 248 . tuigedh gurab ar gealtacht robháoi an bhen, BS 108 . ní thuigfinn m'imshníom ná m'olc | ar ghualainn mhic C. I should not be conscious of, O'Gr. Cat. 453 . o rathuic corba corp dia adnocul, tuc airrde na croiche, Lat. Lives 94 . o rathuicistair . . . a mbeith nocht (= cum cognovissent se esse nudos, Gen. iii 7 ), Lec. 530a21 . In ipv. oft. folld. by la + refl. pron., tuic lat observe, note , know (common in med. texts): tuic leat gurob comartha bāis, 23 P 10, 3b10 ; 7a1 ; 30a56 , etc. With OC: tuig agad cindus bis tiacht amach an tsile take note how the flux issues forth, 10b26 . Folld. by AR, perceives, knows (by looking at): atcífe diabul ┐ tuicfe a olc fair, PH 2037 . dothuigisdar ar in ablainn ndiatha . . . bí eder a lāmhaib an tsaguirt (sic leg.) . . . co roibi pecadh folaidhthi aigi he knew from the consecrated wafer . . . that he (the priest) had committed some secret sin, Lib. Flav. i 33 rb 12 . tuigim ort go saoiltear libh, etc., Content. xiv 53 . Folld. by ASS knows (from), infers (from): tuicim-se as a tuarascbail, TBC-LL¹ 5660 (St.). issed rotuiccedh as sain, na huilc tháncatar `hence men presaged the evils', SG 406 . tuicter as sin nach fedann laeighi ara taebhaibh it is a sign that he cannot lie on his side, 23 P 10, 3a30 . Vbl. of necess.: is tuicti na comartha-sin do bheith go holc, 24 P 22, 105.13 . is tuigthe dhaoibh . . . gur ab iad sin clann Abraham, Galatians iii 7 . as tuigthe dhúinn as so gurab decair, etc., Ó Héodhusa 15 .

(c) thinks, opines, considers: nihil medico conducibilius censeo . . . .i. ni tuigim go bhfuil ní, etc., 23 K 42, 184.4 . ní thuigim go dtiocfadh rum etc., I do not think that I could agree, Content. ix 5 . cé bé duine nach biaidh leinn . . . tuigmíd gur duine i n-ar n-aghaidh in duine sin, O'Gr. Cat. 468 . do thuicc drong dona hughdaruibh . . . gurab must as ferr a n-ionadh an fhíona, 24 P 32, 52.6 ; 211.9 .

(d) means, signifies (usually in pass.): cennsa tuicther tresin snechta is symbolized by, PH 3386 . triasan uiscce tuicther popul na creitmech, tuict[h]er Críst triasin fín, RC xxxvii 346 . a toghaide tre-uillech, trésa tuicthear in Trinōid, MR 92 . an sextuarius adubramar . . . as é sextuarius an uisce thuigmid we mean a s. of water, 24 P 32, 94.1 . adeir G. . . . antan aderar eiliborus . . . go tuicter eiliborus geal antan sin that white hellebore is meant, 23 P 10, 31b46 .

(e) In certain cases folld. by prep. DOCHUM, DO, FRI (LE), understands (of), applies or refers to (freq. in pass.): species .i. gnē ┐ termin uilidhe ┐ tuicther duine ┐ leomhan chuige sin (i.e. `man' and `lion' are referred to, are examples of a species), 24 P 3, 304.23 . as iad so na daine da tuicter so .i. na daine bis a n-āis .x. bliadan .xx. this applies to persons of the age of thirty, 23 P 10, 8a10 . ni do lucht na paralisi amain tuicter an rādh so this saying applies not to paralytics alone, 44b46 . an spic[a] adubramar, as d'olaidh an spica .n. thuigios Mesué í the `spica' above-mentioned M. takes to mean oil, etc. , 24 P 32, 156.8 . re fiabras coididiana contineoideach is coir sin da thuigsin ┐ re fiabras coididiana nach contineoideach do tuigeadar siad-san he this rightly applies to continuous quotidian fever, but those authors understood it of intermittent, 23 P 10, 163 vb 27 . is amhlaidh bhíos an tslat . . . geal go hiomlán, do chomhartha na firinne lé dtuigthear an ghile in sign of truth with which whiteness is associated (i.e. of which it is a symbol), Keat. iii 151 . creud thuigeas tú lé maitheadh na bpeacadh? what do you understand by forgiveness of sins?, Donlevy 44 .

dofollaiger

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dofollaiger or dil.ie/17663

v dia mbe bothar do, do follaigear saide (these precautions) may be neglected , Laws iv 158.2 Comm. See follaigid.

folud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. folud or dil.ie/23188
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: folad, -aid, folad, foluth, folad, folid, folaid, foluid, folaith, folith, folaid, folaidh, folta, ḟolad, n-ilḟolod, fola, folaid, ḟolaid, foladh, folta, fol-, folaid

n folad, -aid (later also fola, see below) o, n. later m., somet. f., see below. For suggested etym. see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 39 ; Zupitza, KZ xxxv 267 ff ., Thurn., GOI § 104 . n s. (with art.) a folad , Sg. 27a8 , cf. Ml. 25c8 , cited below. a s. a foluth , 39b8 . a folad , 9a14 ; b4 . g s. folid, Wb. 32b3 . Sg. 138a5 . ind folaid , Ml. 22d9 . in foluid , 74d4 . folaith, Sg. 27b9 . Bürgschaft 29 § 78 . folith, Mon. Tall. § 86 . n p. folaid, Laws iii 54.3 ( SM Facs. 52a ), Laws v 54.3 ( BB 341.44 = folaidh, YBL 197a34 . a p. folta, Laws v 430.3 . Bürgschaft I § 55 ; 63 . g p. fri slond n-ilḟolad Sg. 28b22 = n-ilḟolod, 72b1 . In later lang. often treated as fem.: n s. fola, d s. folaid (see ZCP xv 325 ; xvi 220 , and cf. 2 fola). n du. dí ḟolaid , PH 1766 .

According to Charles-Edwards, in the Irish law of contract the sense is (a) wealth , (b) goods and services owed in virtue of a contract, (c) consideration , (d) the relationship of each party to a contract. Both folud and frithfolud can also mean obligations arising from an offence, FS Jenkins 346-47 . See Cáin Ad. 28 § 43 , Stud. Hib. xvi 27-31 . (a) substance, material (`folad can hardly be rendered by a single word. It denotes that which constitutes the essence of a thing; in the case of words, the idea they denote; in contracts, the objects or liabilities to which they refer; in the case of lords and clients the essence of their relationship , the correct discharge of their reciprocal obligations,' Thurneysen, ZCP xiv 374 . See also MacNeill, cited below under (d). In Wb and Ml used to translate Lat. substantia in sense substance nature, essence (both of material and immaterial things): a folud inna doinachtae Ml. 25c8 . du f.¤ nephchumscaigthiu `to an unchangeable substance' 110d16 . dochum ind folaid tanaidi inna anmae 22d9 . assin f.¤ appriscc inna colno, Wb. 9c10 . atat dí ḟolaid ann .i. folad duine ┐ folad diabuil, LB 174a13 ( PH 1766 ). is aenḟoladh ┐ aenadbar dūn uili, Alex. 877 . aondía ┐ aonḟoladh ZCP viii 204.27 (cf. Iosa Criosd ... as folaigh n-aonaonta, Ériu xiii 18.27 ). i meit ... a folaid ┐ a n-aicnid dilis, LU 2562 ( RC xxv 238 ). diabul ... cid ina ḟolaid diles no araile fuath tarmchruta, RC ii 398.2 ( Lat. Lives 97 ; `in propria substantia'). amal bedis esrainti din folaid corptai, BB 498b37 (of the Brahmans, = erranta ind fola , Alex. 923 . erandai indo fola, Anecd. v 5 ). In material sense: dus imbi maith a f.¤ (of testing malt) Laws ii 242.18 Comm. ( SM Facs. 29b ). púdar ... arna cumusc re fliche .. a foladh thsiltech `to liquid consistence' O'Gr. Cat. 242.18 . feoil .. aga mbia f.¤ tiugh, Rosa Angl. 42 . Cf. foladh `the thickness or thinness of meat or drink ' hence the expression foladh ieamhair et foladh séimh in old physic books, ' P. O'C. a f.¤ imarcach na lennand, Rosa Angl. 42.25 . a f.¤ na bincindi `in the substance of the brain' 226.15 . In loose sense: gearr go bhfuair [lucht na Traoi] folaidh a n-uilc `the result of their wrong-doing' TD 18.22 (cf. 2 fola). tarngaire cen folta promises without performances ZCP iii 25.20 = fotla, v.l. folta, Ériu vii 138 . Cf. under (c) below.

(b) in Sg used to transl. Lat. substantia = substance, signification (the notion which a word, esp. a noun, stands for, see Thes. ii 61 n .): gl. significatio 39b8 . mani decamar sainfolad cacha rainne, 26b9 . a f.¤ ┐ in chiall (= vis et significatio) 27a8 . issed a f.¤ cétnae sluinditae it is the same substance which they express 9b5 . ni inchoisig in son a f.¤ cétne .. iar ndígbail in tinfith (gl. ut si auferatur [aspiratio] significationis vim minuat prorsus) 9a16 . hercheilīuth folaith definition of substance (function of a noun) 27b9 . a f.¤ foṡuidigther fond ṡun the substance put under the word (the notion expressed by the sound) 73b3 . ar chuit folid .. ar chuit suin, 138a5 . Oppd. to accidentia `accidents' 189b10 .

(c) substance, property, wealth (common meaning in lit. (the exx. are not always easy to distinguish from those under d) : cid doratais ina tindscra? mo delg bec, or D. Is bec ind ḟola, or cach, YBL 118a14 ( RIA MSS. Ser. i 174 ). tecmalla A. a folud ┐ a inmass issin less, LL 118a3 ( Irish Texts i 34 ). cen dān cen folad (ḟolad, folaid v.l.), ZCP iii 449.20 (.i. cen inme R). trian a folith do fodail do bochtaib, Mon. Tall. § 86 . missi ac crábud 'sa comaid, | tussu ic éirge ra folaid, LL 300b17 ( SG 371.16 . perh. 2 fola: rising with a grudge, in anger ?). cisne folaid tra rotbiat-sa uainne ? (= what return shall we make you), Anecd. i 41.22 . co foltaib máine ┐ tíre, 42.4 . Cf. as i falaidh bia do ann | nem is talamh uaidh da chiond, ZCP x 24.7 . folaid cruidh no bethamnais, Laws ii 338.25 Comm. ( SM Facs. 38b : fol-. The text is: nach an be do ḟolaid cena, where Thurn. reads ... be doḟolaid, ZCP xiv 392 ). bid commaithi a folaid fri himscarad doib (of separation of wedded couple) Laws ii 388 ( SM Facs. 43b ; Stud. in E. Ir. Law 54 ). tecor folad mbritheman, CIH ii 402.7 . .i. da tecarthar ni da folud cruid on brithemain, CIH ii 402.12 . aisecc a ḟola ┐ a dhuithche dá gach aon, AFM vi 2334z (`his blood and territory' O'Don.). ag buain a bhfola ┐ a bhfearainn díbh go foiréigneach, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 177.22 ( Caithr. Thoirdh. 2.32 ). Esp. of cattle and stock (cf. foladha .i. spréidh no áirnéis cattle P. O'C. ): folod sechta lais—.vii. mbaí ... | .vii. muca ..., .vii. caírig ..., Críth G. 89 (= Laws iv 304 ). cf. Críth G. 432 . soīre ecalsi Dé cona muintir ... ┐ a n-ule folud beudu ┐ marbdu, Cáin Ad. 34 . dlighidh ... bōthar do uisge, cona ḟolaidh, Ériu xiii 33.21 . can tucsaid a folaidh (= folad, LU 5793 ) whence have you brought the kine ? TBC-I¹ 1321 (= can doberid in n-alaid ?, TBC-LL¹ 2030 ). can tucsait hi foluidh cruidh, TBC(C) 613 . a mbad seisc dind ḟolud the cows that were without milk TBC-I¹ 1128 (= LU 5608 ). berar 'n-as blichta dond alaid dó those of the cows that are in milk TBC-LL¹ 1695 = don folaidh St. co foladaib ┐ indilib Cuailṅgi, TBC-I¹ 902 (= folodaib, LU 5378 ). co n-acotar in tain folaid issan gort, ZCP iii 228 § 3 . foladh bó dicitur , Cóir Anm. 108 (fanciful derivation of sobriquet Finnolaidh), cf. oladh ainm do bhoin, Keat. ii 3680 . Cf. mad cētchin [cech cin; eccin MSS] dono a foluth no dona muccaib ..., Cáin Ad. 42 .

(d) in Laws, the pl. folaid is `a frequent term for the means, material or otherwise, by which a person sustains his functions or liabilities' (MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status 275 n. 2 , cf. Thurn., cited above): a teasband de foltaib caich, teasbaid dia cataid, Laws v 70.9 (`what is wanting from each man's means is wanting from his dignity' MacNeill op. cit. MacNeill, Law of status 275 ). ar indí crenas in fer túaithe dia dagḟoltaibh hi túaith co n-árimther inna grá[d] téchtu i mbí i túaith, Críth G. 2 ( Laws iv 298 ) i.e. the member of a tuath purchases by his means his due rank in the tuath. Cf. ma ḟoi bera f.¤ (MS. foled) a thige co mbi f.¤ mbóairech should the property of his house increase until it becomes [equal to] the property of a boaire Críth G. 81 ( Laws iv 304.3 ).

(e) in Laws also used to denote, of contracts, the objects or undertakings to which they refer; of lords and clients, that which constitutes their mutual relation, their correct conduct towards each other in their respective capacities , Thurneysen ZCP xiv 374 ; Cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 110 . Similarly of the `fine' towards its members: ni coir nach cor cen lanfolad .i. folad lanloigi, 23 Q 6, 34b ( O'Curry 1757 ). cach cor cunu foltuib, cach fola(i)dh cunu frithfolai `an jedem Vertrag mit seinen Objekten, an jedem Objekt mit seinen Gegenwerten' ZCP xiv 373 § 36 ( Laws ii 286 ). cach fola (.i. in set turclaidhe) SM Facs. 34a . na folada chuir ┐ conartha, H 3.18, 482b y Comm . ( O'Curry 1208 ). is dileas cor cid gan folaid, 23 P 3, 23 (21)b . cor comair is ruidles ... ┐ dligthir a folaid o dib leithib, ZCP xiii 21.24 ( Bürgschaft § 19 ). Cf. do fet focra folad .i. as remtechtai lium foccra ... do tabairt fair anas fola athgabhala do gabhail de 23 P 3 ( O'Curry 1874 ). ite folaid fír flaitheman ... for a tuatha the obligations which a just ruler has to his people Laws iv 334.10 = Críth G. 525 (`the sustaining means of a true ruler over his tuatha' Mac Neill, MacNeill, Law of status 303 , does not suit the context). Cf. nenaisc Corpre ... for Dergthene ... folta dar esi flatha, Ériu vi 149.61 (see ZCP xi 32 ). is da foltaib fine gaire cach fir fine fogne fine ina foltaib coiraib. folaid cōre fri fine cen ni cria neach acht ni ria, etc. `proper duties towards' Laws iii 54.3 ( SM Facs. 52a ). tir do beir i coibche mna ... nad urnaigead a folta coire Laws v 510.6 . ni saigh naidhm folta for feichemain, ZCP xiii 22.18 (see transl. and comm. Bürgschaft § 27 ). iccaidtar frisin flaith ... ma beith ina foltaib coirib if he has duly performed his obligations as chief Laws ii 326.3 ( ZCP xiv 388 ). ma fris-rognaither flaith foltaib `if the [proper] services have been rendered to the chief' Laws ii 318.9 ( ZCP xiv 385 ; cf. the note on flaith foltaib' xvi 210 ). mad maithi a folaid (.i. im lubair ┐ im tech n-aidhedh ┐ im fochled ngrad) Laws v 54.3 ( BB 341a44 ). is óg lōg ainech cech grāid ... mani aurcriat a folaid `the honorprice of every grade ... is perfect, unless their qualifications diminish' [i.e. by dishonorable acts on their part] Laws iv 318.20 ( Críth G. 303 ). gabait ma folta condoragbu a frith[ḟ]olta [they] `affect his property till his counter-qualifications are regained' Laws v 178.15 Comm. (see frithfolud). ni théid ḟoluigh na friothfolaigh cāin n-einech, Ériu xiii 14.14 . filidh ad-ógha [leg. = ada ógha ?] fireona folaidh, 18.8 . óighe a bḟolagh ib. 3 . (of bards :) ... go tabair saoire dhoibh la. honngus, ┐ a ffolta ar chena, 44.4 . mád ógha a bfolaidh fria tuaith, ┐ eagluis 32.19 . fosernar saorḟolta, 22.28 . mac go sesaibh saorfolta ib. 27 . tir aduberar do eaclais ... nad oide folta ata cōire fri hubairt (.i. nocu comoigenn-si na folaid is cōir dī risin tī tuc udbairt), Laws v 430.3 (10) . Cf. folta coire; folta techta, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 110 ( Laws v 510 ). ce cuintestar lánḟolaigh gusna filedhaibh. ni mó dleghar dhoibh ionas dona gradhoibh eagalsa ┐ dona gradhaibh flatha ┐ dona Fénibh ..., Ériu xiii 19.11 . tar flatha firḟolta, ZCP xi 95 § 47 . conóiged dliged téchta cech ḟir ... foltaib fíraib do thúathaib ata lais cintaib láime (duty of a king) Tec. Corm. § 2.24 . ni ba ri ri gan folaidh, Ériu xiii 31.14 . trebairi cen folad, O'Curry 511 ( H 3.18, 259 ). folaid [folta v.l.] chutrummae equal objects (in a contract i.e. adequate consideration on each side, oppd. to `diubart' Tec. Corm. § 3.32 ). Cf. bid cert im chotomus folad, Cóic Con. 19 § 11 = 50 § 100 . nach forbech bis la ríg Ciarraige do righ Locha Léin fācabar la Ciarraigi ┐ la rig ┐ is hoén inna foltaib ō rīg Locha L. (i.e. the king of L.L. is under the same obligations towards the king of C. ?) ZCP viii 316.15 . intan nomber ri C. a giall do rí[g] Locha L. dober dano rí Locha L. a giall do rí[g] C. fria folta tecti, 316.17 . mad togu .. la C. a ndul co rig L. conaimsa folaith doib .i. rechtaire huadaib la rig L. ┐ iiii lanamna, etc. if the C. prefer to join the king of L. considerations have been established for them, viz. etc. ib. 316.8 . Cf. flaith na folad, Metr. Dinds. iii 102 (v 256) . Of an article borrowed for a definite period: mana tairi dia ind laithe airchinn sin atrire cen folaid n-airligthe, Laws v 370.14 Comm. f.¤ lóige price equivalent, price ; f.¤ cinad what is payable in reparation for crimes (of trespass etc.): ni tabur caithe tire ... ar do-baidet a fochraic a folta (duine ro recustar fearand ann sin ┐ is i fola loigi do-ratadh do dia chind, beith fo cintaib ┐ ... dibaigid in decreic loigi do-ratadh dia chind in folad cinad dleagar de), ZCP xvi 220 . Cf. nirbo ferr ind fola oldas fochraic in tire, Caratnia § 16 . fer bis fri folta chinaid fine who is liable for the crime-reparations of a `fine' Laws ii 126.13 Comm. (- fol- H 3.18, 378a ). in fil folta innā sesed in feichem for araile ... ? fil ēcin. caide ? ni anse : toing do Dia, etc., Bürgschaft I § 55 ; similarly § 56 .

(f) equivalent, consideration; reason, cause: a sense arising out of preceding (cf. 2 fola) : int slabra dobeir don mac tar folaid (fol- MS.) na gaire do denam `in consideration of his doing the duties of maintaining the old' Laws ii 364.21 Comm. (expl. of `macslabra gaire,' cf. is ruidles .. macslabra dar folaid, iii 310.7 , and see iii 54 cited above under e). Here, perh.: ar Christ coem tar folaid immeasurably noble Fél. Ap. 10 (p. 471) . is cath écoir duitsiu in cath sin do thabairt do rig Muman i folaid a ingine is marb accut, Acall. 3019 . raghaidh láoidh na haghuidh uaim | a bfalaidh áoir I Annlúain, Book of O'Conor Don 13a . ro hainmniged son dono cid asa lucc cetharda (a folad cethardai, Harl.) for a fourfold reason Hib. Min. 14.459 .

In: di chumoil dí chos ar formteacht ┐ folad, H 3.18, 17a ( Laws iv 362.3 : `two cumhals for the leg, for walking and supporting' the correct reading is evidently `folach' or `fulach,' which is translated). ? fir foluith (in list of persons who become accessories to crime) ZCP xii 361.25 ( H 3.18, 8a ); leg. fola as in Irish Texts iv. 15 § 9 , § 10 ?

See anfolad, (anblod), frithfolud, mifolad, and cf. 2 fola.

imḟeda(i)n

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imḟeda(i)n or dil.ie/27525
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: imḟedain, imedhain, imḟedhain, imḟeghain, imedhna

n ā, f. vn. of imm-feid. The a s. and d s. imḟedain is the usual form in n s., but cf. fedan. imedhain (v.ll. imḟedhain, imḟeghain) g s. and n p. imedhna, IGT Decl. § 37. act of drawing, transporting, carrying around; carriage: imḟheadhain .i. tárlúdh no tarraing, O'Cl. deich cét elefinnte oc immedain óir, Alex. 616. an tan rob ail a imḟedain isin leth sin amuig, IT iii 197.1 . fichi mīli do sumadaib ┐ damaib fri himfedain (.i. tarrud) cruithnechta, O'Mulc. 856. fri himedhaine, BB 493b50 . duine caithce tra .i. imfedain tar tír do ceile, Laws iv 146.16 Comm. (= imeathan tar tir do céile, 98.17 Comm. ). crich son incoisce rod righ no tuaithe no rod ímfeagna no bothar `road of carriage,' iv 144.14 . rot imfedna, iii 272.24 . aurba nimfheadna saire muilind, iv 154.19 . .i. in fireipe do níter resin neímfedhaín do berar ar amus ín muilind, ib. 25 Comm. ba sedh anord na naireach | imfedhain bolcc ..., Leb. Gab.(i) 122.14 . dia ttarrúdh ┐ imfhedhain for eachaib, AFM vi 2214.5 . rún sídha ag finnḟeraibh Fáil | d'imḟedhain ḟína ón Easpáin, IGT Decl. ex. 971 .

imm-ticc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-ticc or dil.ie/27942

v (a) comes about: gādatar tíssed in nōeb | ara nimthised lethu `that he would walk with them,' Thes. ii 313.1 ( Hy. ii ). folld. by AR protects: Noe ocus Abraham | ... | immuntisat (.i. tísat immund) ar tedmaim `may they protect us from pestilence,' Lib. Hymn. i 26.8 . Fig. includes ? ar ecnairc na nuile screptra i n-immecur (imm imthecor, immidechaid, v.ll.) do shoscele, Ir. Lit. 42.16 . ar ecnairc ina huile fhirinde i nimthecor t'esergi, 17 .

(b) ? To this, screens, defends: dia mbe bothar do, do follaigear saide, dia mbed da cladh ime no dí coraidh adsuitear leo ar ad fiadain annsni ... muna bed acht don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib (of cows going through land without a road) he is not protected by them (i.e. the witnesses (=the walls) ?), Laws iv 158.5 . ? condaig raith fris in dilsi sin acht is in adaig imtecar im comraic na scur no na cor indilsi sin, O'Curry 854 (< H 3.18, p. 387a ).

mías

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mías or dil.ie/32144
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: méis, mias, mias, m.

n ā, f., (<mēs < Lat. mens-a, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 208 ) a flat board or slab (for supporting food, etc.), a table; a tray, platter or dish (as primitive tables were boards laid on trestles, the two meanings are not always distinguishable). in méis (gl. mensa), Ml. 61c10 . mias, Corm. Y 932. teisc [= Lat. discus] .i. mias, O'Mulc. 869. in gaill-m.¤ (gl. discus), Ir. Gl. 478. ? més, Éigse xxxvii 78 § 8 .

(a) a table in general sense, esp. for food: in mias . . . cosna bargenaib (of the Table of Shewbread in the Tabernacle), SR 4355. 'sin meis móir | co cethri crossaib dergóir, 4349 = co cetri cosaib, BB 242a45 , co cethri huillib, LB 121a35 . ro chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri (= mensas numulariorum), PH 4393. ni théid do méis does not go to table, Mon. Tall. § 16. o ḟescor co fescor dlegar dul do meis (i.e. one daily meal at vesper-time), ZCP xiii 29.12 . saidid oc a meis sits down to table (to eat), ib. 19 . dessid Ísu ic meis, PH 5035. mar do bemís ar enmheis as if we were at the one table (i.e. together, close companions), ZCP vii 302.6 . is e lin dlegar im meis rígh Caisil at the table of the king of C., Trip. 266.11 . ilar deg-doene 'ma meis round his table, LL 149a16 . amus mesi `butler', Laws ii 24.18 Comm. dā foss mése Conaire table-servants , BDD 127. tri fuis meisi Medba, TBC-I¹ 2837. Of an altar-slab or table: a mias (.i. a altoir) i n-airthiur a tigi (prophecy concerning St. Patrick), Trip. 34.7 , cf. Lat. Lives 2 (= sua mensa), ACL iii 12 § 20 ; whence O'Clery: mias .i. altoir. cluicín mési Adomnáin, Cáin Ad. § 17. sacart meisi chaplain , Trip. 264.28 , cf. Acall. 488 , Lism. L. 4659.

(b) a flat dish or platter: dobert ind inailt in méis issa rígthech ┐ int éicne fonaithe fuirre, ZCP iv 43.24 = TBFr. 213. tuc mias dó ┐ bairgen furri, LB 151a33 . a immochur for méis lethain amal cech mbiad, PH 902. miassa airgdidi, Cóir Anm. § 70 p. 318 . doghní an ceard criadh mías, TSh. 889. Bothar na Mias the Road of the Dishes, Keat. iii 1034. (? Prov.) brocc Muman dar miasa Munster's sorrow over dishes (i.e. fasting in sight of food), LL 289b22 = RC xiii 446 § 28 . asbert friu ara ng[n]itis fri heri mías should do something towards the burden of dishes (i.e. contribute towards their maintenance), Dinds. 25 ( RC xv 325 ). Of patens used in religious service: ind oblæ forsin méis, Thes. ii 253.17 ( Stowe M. 65a ). dogníth altóri ┐ leborchometa ┐ miassa cethrachori in honóir Patraic (= patinos quadratos), Lat. Lives 24.

(c) a cover (for a drinking-vessel)? cuach lan do airgead ┐ m.¤ oir tairis, Betha Molaga (quoted by Meyer, Wortk. 128 ).

(d) a quoit (= Lat. discus): cluichi disci .i. cluichi meisi, TTebe 2469 . ro chuir in mēs, 2475 . Cf. O'Mulc. 869 quoted above.

Compd. ¤chuad a bowl or cup with a cover ( Wortk. 128 ). meit loṅgcore no miaschuadh, Anecd. i 53 § 26. conda-rainic a chuid a miaschuadh gach manaig, Fél. 94.11 . do buailti maide sgine ar an míaschuadh (measuim gurb soideach eigin práis no petair sin ina mbídis na miasa da ccoimhéud) no ar mheis fein, Rule of Tallaght § 92.

muilend

Cite this: eDIL s.v. muilend or dil.ie/32701

Forms: muiliunn, mulenn, muilund, muille, muillend, muilne, muilend, moileand, moilenn, muillibh

n o, m., (Lat. molīna) d s. don muiliunn . . . isin mulenn , Goid. 101.11 , 16 ( Lib. Hymn. 11a ). muilund, Laws i 162.23 . Mid.Ir. n p. muille (ll<ln), hence occasionally n s. muillend; n p. muilne, Content. vi 71 (late form), in Mod.Ir. also muilte: Bóthar na Muilte, Ériu i 101.9 (poem attrib. to Mac Giolla Chaoimh, 11th cent.). muilend moileand, IGT Dec. § 53. moilenn, ib. ex. 1343 . d p. muillibh, ex. 1344 (but muillnibh, Introd. § 123 ).

A mill (usually one for grinding corn, worked by a stream). mulenn, gl. pistrinum, Sg. 49b15 . muilleand (pistrinum), Ir. Gl. 711. muilind (molendinum), 701 . muilend .i. mol ┐ ond . . . nó mol-onn .i. mó a ail .i. mo a clocha quam cloc[h] brōn. Muilind .i. mel ┐ linn, ar is for lind meless, Corm. Y 874 ; from which it would appear that the main parts of the m.¤ were the shaft and grinding-stones, that it was larger than the `bró' or hand-quern, and that it was worked by water. amal meles muilend .x. forcél braich, LU 8699 ( FB 52 ), cf. TBC-LL¹ 3790 , 6052 . mulend már grainne, LU 1756 ( RC ix 482.16 ). ainm in mulind, 1764 . isin muilind, 1760 . cloch mulind, 2443 ( RC iv 254 § 21 ). mol mulind, BDD 85. bleith mulind, CRR 25. ac tóraind inaid mullind, RC xiii 112 § 115. ro mallach [Pátraic] glaisi in mennatta sin . . . asbert . . . na beitís muilli foraib co brath, Trip. 210.4 . esdad mochbro itir muilli, IT iii 101 § 181. ro loiscsem bar n-átha . . . ro millsem bar muille, SG 247.37 . do loisg átha ┐ muile, Celt. Rev. i 226.2 . atha ocus muillidh Érenn, Acall. 7373. linfaidh muilidiu [muilli v.l.], ZCP ix 453. 2 . tri muilti arbha, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 19.13 ( Anal. Hib. 3 ). do mheiledís a muiltibh é, Numbers xi 8. marcmuilenn .i. muilenn imsai [sic MS.] ech, O'Mulc. 817.

Common in place-names, see Hog. Onom.

2 so, su

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 so, su or dil.ie/38192
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: su-, so-, su-, sonairt, soibheart, soifer, soicheneol, sogh-, soth-, soghthengaid, soighidirdhealbhtha, sothbiadach, sothchroidheach, suacubuir, sochenēuil, sochoisc, soacallaim, soāig, Sodelbi

prefix leniting the follg. initial. In hiatus usually su-; in other positions so- and su- alternate without regard to the quality of the vowel in the next syll., GOI § 365 . In old compds. with follg. neutral consonance: sonairt (nert), solus (lés), ib. § 166 . Later felt as an autonomous element of the compd. and adopts the quality of the vowel of follg. syll., e.g. soibheart, Dánta Gr. 41.27 . soifer, Leb. Gab.(i) 156 n. 4 . soicheneol, MR 96.6 . Occasionally spelt sogh-, soth-: soghthengaid, O'Curry 444 . soighidirdhealbhtha, Luc. Fid. 375.1 . sothbiadach, Laws i 42.4. Comm . sothchroidheach, Donlevy 62.24 . Used in composition with nouns, adjectives, participles, verbals of necessity, and rarely with verbs. When prefixed to nouns to form adjj. the resulting formations, when from o- and ā- stems, generally assume i-inflexion: suacubuir, Ml. 67c8 (accobor). sochenēuil, 101d12 (cenél). sochoisc, Wb. 30b28 (cosc). (Note, however, sásad sognass, Anecd. i 60 § 84 . a slesaib saerclann socineol, Stair Erc. 894 ). The usage in the case of u- stems varies: bad sochrud, Wb. 6a30 . fer sochraid, SR 5751 . mad . . . socomais (socomas, v.l.), ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (commus). On the model of compds. of o- and ā- stems compds. are freely formed in the later language by prefixing so- to the gs. of any noun, the resulting formations being treated as attrib. genitives and left uninflected (see Bergin, Ériu xii 229 ): ben . . . soacallma, MacCongl. 97.3 . lind . . . soóla, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . saerṡloinnti soicheneoil, MR 96.9 . Nouns formed by prefixing so to o- and ā- stems usually retain the declension of the simplex. Note, however, soacallaim (soacallma, soacallmacht, v.ll.) `affability', Tec. Corm. § 1.5 . soāig (ág), Ériu i 118 § 8 .

Freq. used to form artificial compds. in etymological glosses: so-abb gl. sab, ACC 26 . so-acomol gl. socomul, Laws ii 362.4 Comm . so-ána gl. sona, i 42.7 Comm . soth-cedach .i. socothach .i. sothbiadach, 42.4 Comm . so-raidid gl. saeraid, 92.z Comm . Note also: fer . . . sofer a saerughudh, Auraic. 1797 .

The follg. list is illustrative only. Words no longer felt as compds. of so-, e.g. solus (so+lés), sonairt (so+nert), etc., are given as separate articles.

(a) With nouns to form nouns in meaning good . . ., excellent . . . (sometimes with merely intensive force, or for alliteration). With verbal nouns in certain constructions the force is adverbial ( well ). ¤aicsinae comeliness : cia an ghein ba samalta ris . . . ar shofhaicsina `in good looks', Leb. Gab.(i) 98 n. 8 . ¤acallaim affability, ease of address : s. (soacallma, soacallmacht, v.ll.) cen mórdataid `affability without haughtiness', Tec. Corm. § 1.5 . ¤aice a good fosterage, upbringing : aurail coimperta i soaici sochraiti is cor cach techta `das Anbefehlen von `Zeugung' (Kindern) in eine wohlbefreundete (?) gute Erziehung ist ein Vertrag nach aller Gebühr', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 26.4 (= Laws ii 360.28 ). ¤áig: nī soāig nā soairle coimērgi frit mac `it is not fair fight nor wise to rise up against thy own son', Ériu i 118 § 8 . ¤áilgis a good request, suit, claim : bes no soailgis, O'Dav. 1432 . ¤aimser a prosperous time: nō go tāinic s. ann (as oppd. to a period of famine), ML² 112 . go rug sí ar an soaimsir `so that she survived to the period of prosperity', TD 15.34 . ¤airlabra eloquence : .uii. so-urlabra súadh in gach tengaidh díb, RC xxiv 381.11 . ¤airlabraid an eloquent man, an orator : Sencha mac Ailella . . . soirlabraid (saerlabhraidh, erlabraid v.ll.) Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 5233 . ¤airle good counsel : fri sorecht, fri s., Laws iii 22.9 . ¤airm a noble place : túargaib tar cach s. sair | tomaidm locha Léin lindmair, Metr. Dinds. iii 262.43 . ¤aithesc a favourable reply : adfet nach fuair Antenor s. uaidibh, BB 423a32 . ¤altar good fosterage : s., mialtar, . . . ro-altar, Laws i 168.1 . ¤balad good smell, fragrance : boltanugud ┐ s., Laud 610, fo. 25b (Plummer MS. notes). ¤ball a healthy limb : ac Diancécht na s. slán, Metr. Dinds. iii 438.3 . ¤bard: memur fri cach s. sen, Auraic. 1996 . ¤ben: tosach sodcha s. the beginning of fortune is a good wife, Anecd. iii 16.20 . ¤bert a good action, a noble deed : le brath soibheart cuaine Cuinn, Dánta Gr. 41.27 . táinic leo a los a soibheart | cosnam clú do . . ., Miscell. Celt. Soc. 370.26 . ¤bérla: is Sencha . . . ar síd ┐ ar ṡo-berla he is a Sencha for peace and good speech, CRR 27 . ¤bérlaid a good or skilful speaker : Sencha . . . s. fher in talman ┐ fer sídaigthi slúaig Ulad, MU² 757 . Sencha s., LU 10285 . ¤bérlaige pleasantness of speech : do solabarthai ┐ do soberlaigi, YBL 86a53 . ¤blad good fame : cona slóg co s. sain, Metr. Dinds. iii 268.27 . ¤brón cheerfulness : ge dha bhi subha ┐ sobron ┐ somenma ar Ulltaibh desin, ZCP viii 539.19 . ¤brostugud the act of stirring up effectively : flesc arggit . . . i lláim ind arad ic s. na hechraide, LL 189b39 . ¤charthainne: do bí síth ┐ sáime ┐ s. rena linn `amity and peace and quiet', Caithr. Thoirdh. 2.22 . ¤charthannaige charity : do bfollus búidhe ┐ socharthanaighe in epscop naemhtha Déclan, ITS xvi 34.7 . ¤chéimm joyful step : mithigh soicheim go síol gCárthaigh, Ó Bruad. iii 200.1 . ¤ chinded good determination or settlement?: cach socindiud dib sin d'eachaib ┐ srianaib (gloss on saescuir), Laws iii 22.31 Comm . ¤chlann: dobert doib la sidhe (leg. sídh, Ed.) is sochlainn righe Raithlinn `with peace and goodly children', Lism. L. 2143 . ¤chocad easy or successful warfare : ferr sīdh s., Anecd. iii 19.5 . ¤chomairle good counsel : ar fogebadh slainti ┐ sochomairle tria senmam (leg. senmaim) a buinne degabail, D IV 2, 53va29 . ¤chomét: sochomet .i. daghcometas seanchas ┐ a cuimniud, O'Curry 2022 ( H 4.22, p. 49 ). ¤chonách good success, good fortune : mét soinmigi ┐ so-conaigh Poimp, CCath. 5023 . ¤choisce docility : tréde immi-foilnge gáis do baeth, ecna, fosta, s., Triads 194 . treidhe glanus cride duine .i. sochoisci ┐ miscais in cendtair ┐ serc ind alltair, O'D. 992 ( H 3.17, col. 855 ). ¤choiscithe: re bhreith-cheirt a breitheamhan, re s. a soithchern `regularity', MR 102.16 . ¤chostud: a sobés a s. `her good custom, her good manners' (of Ireland), Ériu iv 148.3 . ¤chumtach: neoch mar imḟuaíg snathat d'ór iarna írbrunniud, no d'argut arna ṡ., LL 189a50 . ¤dáil: in buidi, in derg, derb dána | nisgaib fergg fri sodála (of the winds), SR 60 . D. fri gach sodhail soin `D. born to every happiness', Mart. Don. 290.23 . ¤dám a good or proper retinue : caite ceathar sodam gacha gráidh?, O'D. 981 ( H 3.17, col. 779 ). ¤damna good material : dotrua comarda uaim | bid sodamna (bidsodomna, MS.) frit banbúaid, SR 6118 . cach sodomna ríg, LL 147a46 . ¤dath: go s. firinne, O'Curry 2599 ( Eg. 88, fo. 51a ). ¤deibech successful strife : itir sith is tṡodeibech, Irish Texts i 61 § 51 . ¤delb: trí héitich docelat cáin . . . s. cen tothucht `three ugly things that hide fairness . . . a fine person without substance', Triads 85 . a sos, a s., a sulbairi (of Ireland) Ériu iv 146.10 . As npr. eiter G. ┐ Sodeilb ingein Chormaic, ZCP xii 375.16 . g s. Sodelbi, ib. 1 . Sodealb is Cummain, Irish Texts iii 67 § 174 . ¤dindgna a strong fortress : Temair . . . forsmbít sosta sodindgna, Metr. Dinds. i 10.66 . ¤duine inhabitant of a sid : conbuiretar i caomthach na s., ZCP viii 104.19 . ¤fhégad act of seeing well, of observing carefully : dena ar s. riasiu dogné feirg rind, RC xxvi 17 n. 3 . ¤fheithem great attention : ba hadbar galair disi an soi-feithemh do roinne ar Lugaidh ┐ é gan édach, Leb. Gab.(i) 272 n. 5 . ¤fhíadu a good witness : co sorathaib ┐ sofiadnaib, O'D. 820 ( H 3.17, 586 ). ¤fhilltiugud act of making flexible : do sofilltiugud a adbair, CCath. 5218 . ¤fhis see sous. ¤fhostad act of holding well, firmly : each . . . cona srian . . . ima ceand da sofosdad do reir cora, Laws v 62.22 Comm . ¤fhrecra: múchadh feirge soifhreagra `a soft answer turneth away wrath', Ir. Prov. 84 . ¤gaes great wisdom : im sogáes mac Sen-Garmna, Metr. Dinds. iii 244.36 . maith treoir a so-ghaoise so, Content. xxv 12 . ¤gairm act of praising; a pleasant name: eól dam fri s. snaitte | comainm Crúachna comnairte `known to me by smooth-spoken eulogy', Metr. Dinds. iii 348.17 . s. sóer sléibe sen-Míss, 240.20 . ¤gein: soighein bha ré san ríoghacht a noble person, L. Cl. A. B. 257.160 . Of animals: sogein .i. daggin .i. bo maith, ut est cona seasga sogin sét, O'Dav. 1441 . ¤gemm: Saran s. .i. gemm maith, Gorm. Sept. 21 . Cf. soigheam .i. geam maith .i. cloch uasal mhaith, O'Cl. ? ¤gen(n)acht pride, spiritedness : do hotlacht ┐ do hoghenacht su, ZCP viii 549.16 . ¤gnás good manners, custom, usage : trí seithir sotcaid: sognas, sochell, súarcus, Triads 210 . trí seithir sognáise: feidle, soithnges, cuinnmíne, 208 . móithfe sognáiss cach síde `he will delight the company of every fairy knoll', Imr. Brain 52 . ¤gním: sógnim maithiusa virtuous act, LB 156a13 . bheith seadhmhar ré saothrughadh na subháilceadh ┐ na soighníomh, TSh. 1811 . toirmeascc do chor ar shoighniomhaibh muinntire an bharúin . . . isin ffearonn sin `to prevent the Baron's people from working on those lands', AFM vi 2040.z . ¤gnímrad good works, virtuous acts : suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 322.11 . ¤goídelg (lit. good Irish) eloquence : áilgine, saidbres, sogóidelg (among the requirements of a noblewoman), Tec. Corm. § 54.20 . ¤grád great love : Secundin co s. very affectionate S., Gorm. Feb. 21 . rob tuar soghráidh a silleadh, Studies 1921, 74 § 6 . good degree or rank : fri srethblaid ┐ s., LL 146a9 . ¤imól good drinking-round : Fig. maidith . . . in sluag forna doirsi[u] co-rralsat soïmōl for lár ind liss, Sc.M² 18 . ¤insce, inscne good speech, eloquence : cach soinnsce solam, Cóic Con. 22.16 . a senchas, a soinscni (of Ireland), Ériu iv 162.7 . ¤istad good habitation : oga ndecsain dar a soistud, Laws iv 176.z Comm . ¤labairt good speech, eloquence : da mbeitís secht tengtha im cind ┐ secht solabarta súadh cecha tengad dib, Acall. 7551 . ¤labarthae eloquence : do solabarthai ┐ do soberlaigi, YBL 86a53 . ¤labarthaige: da ṡolabartaigi da labradaís `however eloquently they might speak', RC xxiv 383.8 . ¤laech a good warrior : ba buaid solaích, LL 32 marg. inf. ¤lorg a brave troop : robái Echaid . . . | for srethaib saidbre a ṡoluirg, Metr. Dinds. iii 352.66 . ¤maise beauty : rogabastar int ara . . . a chathbar . . . ba somassi dosom sin, TBC-I¹ 1878 . re somaisi na mergedh ┐ na minn rigda, CCath. 4987 . somhaise ┐ sláinte a chuirp, TSh. 7963 . ¤marbthacht mortality : ag bioth-chuimhniughadh an bháis ┐ shomharbhthachta an duine, TSh. 135 . ¤méin a good disposition : Suuithun co soimein, Gorm. July 2 . ¤menma: rodhúisigh fó somhenmain `he awoke refreshed', Ériu iii 158 § 10 . dorad seitrichi ┐ somenmain don tshlogh . . ., Aen. 2088 . an trath leicces a leabra | do cach as cúis tsoimenma, Irish Texts ii 52.18 . ¤míad great honour, respect, glory : gairmebtair . . . co s. . . . na naím, LU 2460 . dligid athair s., ZCP vi 261.23 . ni ḟuair do ṡomíadh acht cuirp Ua Cendselaig (of the results of a battle), RC xviii 268.4 . Nodlaig do bhádhas ag Brían | gum shochar is gum shoimhíadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1649 . ¤mind a goodly diadem; Senan s., Gorm. Sept. 30 . ¤oígidecht good entertainment, hospitality : rodfia suaighidheacht aidchi sunn anocht, RC xv 206.1 . ¤ráith good surety : arach for soraith nad elai .i. for dagraith, Laws i 118.6 , 21 Comm . fal fir fosaither dagnadmann co sorathaib, O'D. 820 ( H 3.17, p. 586 ). ¤recht good law : fri s., fri soairle, Laws iii 22.9 . ¤réidiugad act of smoothing out, making easy : rogab for guidi an Choimded ina croisfigill ma soreidachadh dó, D IV 2, 57va34 . ¤shén good or lucky sign : cia s. ┐ solud búi for in ló i mbátar, TBC-LL¹ 1072 . ¤shíd good peace (?): cen sosid fri toirsi atraig | tarmairt Dauid a haidid, SR 6443 . ¤shín fine weather : co haimsir tsamraid ┐ sosini, CCath. 1361 . ¤shlúag a good or brave host : d'fhir imdích s. sadha, Auraic. 5333 . ¤spirut: amal a s. gl. a Domini Spiritu, Wb. 15b7 . ¤thecosc good instruction : ferrdi sluag sothecusc, MR 158.13 . ¤thengthaid a good speaker, an advocate : airecht fodesin . . . suitengtaidh nodofethaigthear, ZCP xii 360.11 . ¤thinmige sharpness : geraither cloidem senta sothinmiche cach serra, TBC-LL¹ 5602 .

(b) With nouns to form adjectives (on inflexion see above). Here, with nouns other than verbal nouns, the force of so- is as in (a) ( ¤chenéil lit. of, having a good family). With verbal nouns and other nouns implying action the meaning good, fit for, worth is often present ( ¤óil good to drink), but most freq. so- here conveys the idea of ease, facility, possibility , etc.

¤accallma affable, sociable : atcondarc and in suid sulbair s., LL 116a33 . ¤aithne easily known, intelligible, recognizable : adeir Aristotul nach s. an íle ach do leith na hanalogia, O'Gr. Cat. 254.18 . ¤aitrib easily inhabited : in dara crich s., Ir. Astr. Tr. 138.24 . ¤béoil: Sencha sobeóil eloquent, LL 123b5 . re foiléim t'eich ṡing ṡoibhéil sensitive, Aithd. D. 15.15 . ¤blegoin in good milk (of a cow): soilbech .i. s., O'Dav. 1439 . ¤búair rich in cattle : Araba saidbir s., D IV 2, 53vb16 . ¤chaithme: ubhla s. sirmhillsi, BNnÉ 239 § 170 . ní sgéal sochaithmhe sin `imperishable story', PBocht 23.39 . géag úr nach so-chaithmhe sibh `fresh ever-green branch' (of the Blessed Virgin), A. Ó Dálaigh xxvi 10 . ¤charthana worthy of love, lovable : gradhaigis in rí Mochuda oir bá s. hé, BNnÉ 292 § 8 . ¤chlainn well-born?: ba soalt sochlaind ní súail, Metr. Dinds. ii 28.43 . ¤choisc docile, easily instructed or governed : s. gl. docebilem, patientem, Wb. 30b28 . s. cach so-thengtha[id] `every well-spoken person is tractable', Triads 251 . acht bidis soc[h]oisce, ZCP iii 451.28 . As subst. sái cech s. `every docile person is sage', Tec. Corm. § 15.36 . ¤chomais capable, effective : im-dich cach corp a meamra ma[d] socorp . . . sofoltach s. (socumas, v.l.) `mit richtiger Macht', ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (= Laws ii 278.20 ). ¤chomráid conversable, sociable : roba s. Iubdán, SG 239.1 . ¤chonáich prosperous, successful : ua saidbir sochonaig d'erraib ┐ d'armaib . . . int olen sin, TTebe 1927 . fear síothchanta sochonaigh `a peaceable affluent man', AFM iv 858.4 . ¤chorp of good body: mad s. sognimuch, ZCP xiv 369 § 30 . ag loige . . . slan s., Laws ii 246.1 . ¤chu- handsome : más masla bheith sorcha sochumaidh, Ó Bruad. iii 218 § 6 . ¤chumainn lovable : mor ngiolla saor sochomainn | dom lucht chumainn, TD 36.1 . soercland suairc . . . sochomaind, Cog. 178.13 . — dath finely coloured : la slúag slán sóer s., Fél. Aug. 10 . ¤dedla: foghnamh . . . ris nach soidheaghla which is difficult to relinquish, Studies 1932, 140 § 1 . ¤delba comely, handsome : a bhall sliombog soidhealbha, TD 21.6 . ¤déinme: laoich ren soidhéinmhe síodh ban `warriors with whom women readily make peace', TD 9.30 . laoich na ngreagh soidhéinmhe seang `warriors with sleek shapely steeds', 2.25 . ¤deraid: gnúis chorcra ón soidhearaidh síodh `ruddy cheek by whom peace is readily rejected', TD 13.46 . ¤derc visible: compar. airm bes . . . soderci . . . nó bes forréil ann, O'Dav. 1276 . ¤dígail easily avenged (?): lathris solchend sodigail soisilgeneth (rhetoric), ZCP viii 307.4 . ¤díla easily satisfied, requited : soidhíola do Mhac, a Mhuire, Dán Dé x 26 . ¤dula: ro líon an mhuir isin ffersait tarsa ttangattar . . . co nár bhó sodhula tairsi idir so that one could not traverse it, AFM v 1614.22 . an sruth do bhí sodhola dá shluagaib, SG 10.2 . ¤eólais easy to know or follow : glacfaid an slighidh shaobh shoieóluis ┐ casán claon na colla, Mac Aingil 403.5 . ¤fhaicse easily seen, visible : don eagluis shofhaigse, Luc. Fid. 268.z . ¤fhaicsina, ¤fhaircsina visible: an Papa a cenn sofhaicsiona ar talmhuin (of the Church), Parrth. Anma 98.1 . gér bhó soilléir sofhairccsiona luisne ┐ lasracha an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.17 . ¤fhéchain easy to see : co mba sofechain do Nestoir inni sin, BB 434a38 . ¤fhorcetail of good teaching : in morbriughaidh sona sofhoircetuil (of St. Senán), Lism. L. 2469 . ¤fhulaing: cēin bói int aingel forsin cloich ba rothē dó, intan téged for imaire ūad bā s. do tolerable, MacCongl. 31.15 . ba brigh bhecc (sofuluing, sofulaincc, v.ll.) le muintir Césair sin, CCath. 1875 . suilig .i. sofulaing, O'Curry 1298 ( H 3.18, 539a ). ráod sofuluing susceptible (of milk), Rosa Angl. 112.9 . ¤gabála: ó a mbeith an teanga saidhbhir so-ghabhála ar na neithibh maithi atá sna teangthaibh eile, Desid. 32 (see Gloss.). o thicc ailghes an choblighe ni soghabala fris `it is not easy to hold out against it', Leb. Gab.(i) 30.8 . ¤garma ready at call, easy of access : ní maor so nach sagharma, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 1 . ¤geis having good `gessa' (?): rop sogeis [in flaith], Tec. Corm. § 6.3 . ¤gnáis, ¤gnás well-bred, sociable : rop sognais [in flaith], Tec. Corm. § 6.17 . for a slóg sochraid sognáis (: mbáis) `among the seemly orderly host', Metr. Dinds. iii 452.42 . See sognas. ¤gráda of good degree or rank : niba ceim soer sograda | tecait druing duba demna, SR 8283 . ¤ gráid lovely : manbad ruirig nimi nair | conic cach suilig s. noble, SR 4182 . an thaobh s. slis-gheal slim, Studies 1928, 676 § 19 . ¤gráid of good degree or rank : for topur s. Segsa `upon the honoured well of S.', Metr. Dinds. iii 288.35 . ¤guide attentive to prayer : soghuidhe an rí tres an ríoghain, DDána 30.27 . ¤id easily yoked, submissive : feil inghen séim soid (disyll.), Gorm. Oct. 26 . ¤imberta easily wielded: compar. bendachais P. na íarnda comdar soimmbertu . . . de, Trip.² 2594 . ¤impóid easily changed or turned : losa grennuidhes in fual ┐ in tallus, curob soimpoigh a linn ruadh e, Rosa Angl. 88.11 . ¤imrim, ¤imrime: cach rudh so-imrim penetrable, O'Curry 734 ( H 3.18, p. 351 ). ech . . . soimrime manageable, O'Curry 1864 ( 23 P 3, 20a ). ¤imthechta easily traversable : claonus an choill do gach leith go ndearnadh bealach socar s. thrithe, BNnÉ 159.9 . ¤lámachtaige palpable : dorogart in draí demnu co tuc dorchai sholamachtaige darsin mag, Three Hom. 26.7 . ¤lámaig dexterous : tucc sidhe sanntach solamhaigh dia shaighidh, AFM vi 2114.22 . ¤leptha: fir lén clúmh cuilte sneachta | gasradh ṡuirgheach ṡoileaptha `amorous ardent youths', TD 21.7 . fa neamh do bhrú a bhanaltra | do budh tú a theagh soileabhtha `thou wert His (Christ's) comfortable dwelling', PBocht 19.14 . (?) ¤lomraid good shearing, yielding much wool : cairaich . . . sochraid solomra[i]d, O'Curry 251 ( H 3.18, 145b ). ¤marthain abiding, permanent : an seanoir s., Skene, Chronicles of the Picts and Scots 101.8 . ¤mesc, ¤mesca intoxicating : ra dáled lind soóla socháin somesc fair, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . midh . . . somesca, Acall. 4961 . leanna somesca, Lism. L. xxxvii 31 . ¤naisc well bound : coir n-athcomairc do-eclannar im cach solam s., Cóic Con. 22 § 18 . ¤óil, ¤óla good to drink : do choirm ṡomlasda ṡo-óil, DDána 85.37 . ra dáled lind soóla . . . fair, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . fleadha somhilsi soóla, Maguires of F. 35 . ¤pháirte: luit báis Dé nach dochaointe | ón pháis is sé s. `twas His Passion that made Him so easy to love (?)', PBocht 19.3 . ¤radairc fair to see : fona minnaib sliptha so-radhaircc, ZCP i 366.3 . ¤ronna kindly, affable : go mbí sochroidheach s. ris gach n-aon, TSh. 8085 . ¤shnadma easily bound: fir ris nach soshnadhma síoth, DDána 106.18 . ¤thacmaing, ¤thacmaig enveloping : inar sroill sothachmaing, Acall. 5808 v.l. gabsaid rigi siar co sir | na caim fa sothacmaig saer, Lec. 204ra25 (= cia sochomtaic, BB 45a1 ). ¤thecoisc, ¤thecuisc docile, teachable : bidh sotheguiscc amailled re comairled duine oile, Ériu v 134 § 79 . atá sí glan . . . sotheaguisg, James iii 17 . ¤thaíb fair-sided: do frithóil sgor seang sothaíbh, IGT Verbs ex. 610 . ¤thinchoisc amenable to instruction. As subst.: is súi cech sothinchoisc slán, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . ¤thuicse intelligible: compar. mínigh dhamh ni as sothuigsi, Desid. 3138 . ¤thuicsena intelligible : atá aní ann féin sothuigseana, TSh. 2900 . ¤thuitme: ata sé s. urusa chum cach uilc = proclivis, ITS xxix 150.35 . ¤urfhuigill easily persuaded, gullible : is s. hi docum a h-aimlesa, De Contemptu 673 .

(c) With adjectives to form adjectives. In a few cases only ( ¤bocc, ¤breg, ¤chaín, ¤lethan, ¤thig, ¤thoirsech, ¤ullam) merely intensive. Freq. in adjectives derived from nouns, a formation based on (a) above. Also in compds. where the second element has the form of a participle or verbal of necessity. Here so- has the same meanings as with verbal nouns in (b) above, and possibly this formation, which is on the whole late, may have originated in cases where the participle had the same form as the gs. of the verbal noun. ¤ac(c)allmach fair-spoken, affable : rop soacallmach [in flaith], Tec. Corm. § 6.7 . ¤accobrach: ūair ba sánntach s. mbánbíd in scolaige, MacCongl. 9.15 . rop s. [in flaith] `let him have good desires', Tec. Corm. § 6.6 . ¤accobraiti desirable : ni ba so-accobraite on `she will not be desirable then', Ériu v 209.25 . ¤acmaingech of good means, affluent, liberal: ba soacmuingech tuarusduil . . . doib, ALC i 276.4 . ¤áirmide easily reckoned : do marb ní nach soairmidhi díbh, Fier. 233 . ¤airmitnech very honorable : bá sruith s. in saerphopul, Alex. 460 . ¤aithenta: i do bheith soghaitheanta (of the church), Luc. Fid. 375.1 . ¤aitrebtha habitable : dona . . . crichaib soaitrebta, Ir. Astr. Tr. 6.1 . ¤aitribthide habitable: suaitribthidi gl. habitabiles, Ml. 126a12 . ¤astaide see saitside. ¤bethuigthe well nourished, well fed. Adv. do chaithiodar . . . a n-aimsior . . . go subach somheanmnach soibheathuighthe, PCT 100 . ¤básaigthe subject to death, mortal : créutúir réusunta sobhasaighthe (of man), Parrth. Anma 68.2 . ¤beirthe easily brought : dá lár is soibheirthe sionn, DDána 45.3 . ¤bésach having good manners or morals : imdich cach corp a meamra ma[d] socorp sognimuch sobesuch `wenn er in gutem Zustand ist inbetreff . . . der Sitten', ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (= Laws ii 278.20 ). a sleasaibh segaindi soibesacha saerclannta, Aen. 2824 . ¤bocc pliant, accommodating, gentle : sē sām[fh]ind s., MacCongl. 87.8 . ¤bogtha easily moved : dochum nach bhíadh éunduine . . . sobhogtha 'sna buaidhearthuibh se, 1 Thessal. iii 3 . ¤breg very fine: a crichaibh seghmura sobreagha Saxan, ZCP vi 68.30 . ¤brígach very strong, mighty : ba sobrioghach nertmar Fergus don gniomh sin, Leb. Gab.(i) 108 n. 5 . ¤briste brittle: soibhriste snáth ar saoghail, Dánta Gr. 16.60 . ¤brónach cheerful, glad : nirdar subaig . . . sobbronaig . . . rapsat dubaig dobbrónaig, TBC-LL¹ 3242 . gur'bhat subaigh sobrónaigh uili iat, Acall. 2303 . Adv. ro chaithedur ind adhaig sin co subach s., 2457 . ¤brostuigthe easily stirred up or provoked : ní sobhrosduigh[th]e é chum feirge, 1 Corinth. xiii 5 . ¤buidech very grateful : atá siad . . . sobhuidheacha grádhach (of a people), Corp. Astron. 84.11 . ¤búalta easily struck : do land is sí s. | cam dhí doba dodhénta, IGT Decl. ex. 1282 . ¤chaín very good, excellent, choice : lind soóla sochain somesc, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . coma s. ri sillad, TTebe 3742 . ¤chairdech very friendly : aurail coimperta i soaici sochraiti glossed .i. aurail . . . clainde a ndagaice be[s] s. sochur doibh, Laws ii 362.2 Comm . (= a clann co deghaite deghcairdech, O'Dav. 137 ). ¤charthanach lovable, amiable, friendly, kind : is suairc s. he ┐ is urusa serc do thabairt do, BB 456a42 . Of inanimate objects: muigi . . . in tíre solusta, suaichnid, sochartanaig `famous, lovable' (of Tír Tairngiri), Lism. L. 3856 . gurbo . . . seimidhe s. in fairrgi, CF 55 . compar. níis socarthanaigh[i] gl. amabilior, Ir. Gl. 1125 . ¤charthe easily loved, attractive : is e . . . suairc s., Mackinnon Cat. 199.18 . ¤chétfadach: ar is soc[h]etfadach cech duil i lleth fria duilem for every separate creature is very sensible of its Creator, Todd Nenn. 51.4 . ¤chlaechlaigthe, ¤chlaechlaithe easily changed : atā corp in duine ēgsamail sochlaechluigthi, RSláinte 77 . [cúig] féilti soclaecloithi `five moveable feasts', O'Gr. Cat. 309.9 . (?) ¤chlaíte: oibrighidh mar leigius fuar oir ata brigh ṡochlaoite innti, 23 K 42, 436.18 . ¤choimhlíonta easily fulfilled : go bhfuilid a aitheanta-som . . . s. maillé re na ghrásaibh, Donlevy 52.9 . ¤chomairlech giving good counsel (susceptible of advice?): fer mórmenmnach . . . sídhamail s. é, CCath. 328 . ¤chorach capable of making a valid contract : s. cach saer `every saer-person may make a contract', Laws iii 8.14 . ¤chortha easily fatigued : dá dtig an reathaidhe do bheith aillseach s., TSh. 10727 . ¤chreitmech credulous, believing : adeir go mbíd Éireannaigh chomh soichreidmheach sin ionnus cibé nídh adéaradh a n-uachtarán . . . go measaid a bheith 'na fhírinne, Keat. i 62.12 . ¤ chreitte easily believed : conadh esdibh-sin uile as soichrete iliomad eōlach Ēreann, Celtica i 93.183 . ¤chridech good-hearted, kind : mar do díochuir Conaire ár gcáirdeas le briathraibh sochraoidheacha `good-natured conversation', ML 118.12 . go mbí sochroidheach soronna ris gach n-aon = caritas . . . benigna est, TSh. 8082 . Adv. taisbén dúinn, a thigherna, go sochroidhech do thrócaire, Parrth. Anma 304.1 . ¤chumscaigthech mobile, agile : ind uili nanmand mbeothach ┐ socumscaightheach, BB 15b26 . ¤delbach well shaped, beautiful : ri sochraidh sodhelbach, Aisl. Tond. 137.21 . cleirech seghdha soidhealbach, KMMisc. 317.22 . As subst.: déana eidirdhealughadh . . . idir an soidhealbhach ┐ an doidhealbhach = discerne . . . pulcrum a deformi, TSh. 7734 . ¤delbda shapely, comely : ocon buidin ṡ. ṡaerchenélaig sin, ZCP xi 62.4 . As subst.: an tsoidhealbhdha ág áluinn, DDána 112.7 . ¤dénta easily done, practicable : ata soidhéanta ag Dia, BNnÉ 12 n. 11 . go ndeuna taithíghe líonmhar an deighghníomha sa soilléir soidheunta é, Donlevy 472.1 . ¤derctha easily seen : co . . . narbo soidercctai oenball dia curp, CCath. 4699 . ¤dergtha: gnúis shoidheargtha ag an óigh aingligh `the blushing face of the angelic maiden' (of Mary), PBocht 4.25 . ¤dílegtha easily digested : co ndliginn oileamain na sean-daineadh beith s., RSláinte 845 . ¤diubraicthe easily thrown, suitable for hurling : roghabh a dhá ṡleagh . . . gona semanuibh soidhiubhruc[th]e, RC xxix 128 § 38 . ¤dolbtha: focheird . . | airchur . . . | segda sodalbtha, SR 6155 . ¤érmach very lively, spirited : robai a ech socair soermach, TTebe 1384 . ¤erráidech prone to error, easily mistaken : soimheallta, sothuitimeach, soighearraideach, Luc. Fid. 334.1 . ¤eterdelbtha easily distinguished : soighidirdhealbhtha o uile sheict ┐ coimhthinol earraideach (of the church), Luc. Fid. 375.1 . ¤fhaicsenach fit to look at, pleasing : dena tú fein so-fhaicsianach do Dhia, ITS xxix 198.10 . ¤fhaicsigthe easily seen, visible : is re haghaidh an duine do cruthuigheadh an saoghul s.-se go léir, Donlevy 476.22 . ¤fhégtha: s. air nach fuil ainm = visibilia innominata, Mackinnon Cat. 40.14 . ¤fhillte easily bent, pliable : an uair bhíos (sc. slat) cruaidh . . . ┐ nách bí soifhillte, Desid. 2175 . ¤fhilltech pliable, easily folded : ro gab inar suairc suata s., CCath. 4674 . claidem . . . sithrigin sohfillteach, 4688 . ¤fholmuigthe easily emptied : an tan as ail an corp do phurgoidiugadh as eigin . . . a dhenamh sofholmhuighthe = fluidus, 23 K 42, 15.1 . ¤fholtach of good qualifications or deeds. Used of a `flaith' and `céle' who rightly observe their reciprocal duties: im-dich cach corp a meamra, ma[d] socorp . . . slan s. `wenn er ist von gutem Gehaben', ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (= Laws ii 278.20 ). nach cele s. ┐ mad anfoltach in flaith, ZCP xiv 391 § 58 (= Laws ii 332.10 ). tobert doib taisiuc na flatha ┐ ni bo s. friu disin, RC xii 70 § 40 ; 'he was not able to discharge his obligations to them' Peritia v 149 . As subst.: is a reir in sofoltaig as-renar `nach der Bestimmung des Wohl-Qualifizierten', ZCP xiv 391 § 58 . ¤fhorfáilid very glad, cheerful : rodailedh lind ┐ biadh doib . . . co mbadar subhaigh soforbailig (soforfailig, v.l.), IT iii 197.20 . ¤fhulachta endurable : ba soolachta dam iartain fulang a brotha, RC xlvi 230.10 . ¤gabálta easily handled, managed : corrc[h]athbarr círach . . . sronach so-gabaltae do iarann `capacious', CCath. 5262 . Freq. as an epithet of horses: for dá n-echaib . . . sogabalta, TBC-I¹ 1974 , `well-yoked' Faraday. tri cóecait gabur . . . itt é beólaide, s[o]aitside, sogabáldai `easily yoked', BDD 51 . ¤gabáltach: for dib echaib . . . denmecha suntrigsigh sogabaltaich, TBC-I¹ 2333 . leth don cholaind sogubbhaltaigh `well-conditioned' (of a fattened pig), Laws ii 414.2 . ¤gabtha easily accepted (?): in dub . . . | in temen . . . | ind odar, doirchi datha | nidat soirchi s., SR 64 . ¤gelta well grazed : sochorp subaid s. `gut im Futter' (of a bullock), ZCP xiv 351 § 9 (= Laws ii 246.1 ). ¤genda (gein) well born; spirited, proud : oglach sotal so-ghenna eisin, TBC-LL¹ p. 301 n. 2 . Adv. dochōdai-siu co soindim sogenda remond isin teach, TBC-I¹ 2498 . ¤gerrtha: sinech shármór s. | loch Rugraide rithestar (rhetoric) vulnerable (?), SG 251.24 . ¤gessi: bid saidbir, bid sogeisse (sogessi, sogheis, v.ll.) `leicht zu erbitten', ZCP xi 87 § 52 . ¤glactha that may be felt: áit 'na bhfuil . . . dorchadas s. = palpabiles, TSh. 6596 . ¤glúaiste easily moved, movable : inmobilis (leg. mobilis) a Laitin, sogluaisti a Gaidilg, O'Curry 1284 ( H 3.18, 535 ). dá madh ní soghluaiste an Eire sin, ML 44.4 . bíd soghluaiste chum feirge fo bheag-adhbhar, Corp. Astron. 70.19 . a huile shealbha sogluaiste, AFM vi 2148.4 . doréidhidh íad go socair sóghlúaisde `he broke them in until (they were) quiet and easily-ridden' (of horses), Ériu v 190.483 . mul socair sogluasta `a comfortable, easy-riding mule', ZCP vi 283.21 . ataid a slíghthe soghlúaiste `her ways are moveable', Proverbs v 6 . i maitheas shoghluaisde an tsaoghail se transient, TSh. 343 . ¤gnásach, ¤gnásaich having good manners (?), sociable (?): robo ṡoghnasach ┐ ba hailghin ac a haltrum, RC vi 174.9 . bud sognasaig soacallma, SG 253.31 . ¤glan very pure : a c[h]omrād ba s. sēim (of Colum Cille), ZCP vii 303 § 4 . ¤gnímach of good deeds, beneficent, virtuous : im-dich cach corp a meamra ma[d] socorp sognimuch sobesuch `wenn er in gute Zustand ist inbetreff . . . der Handlungen', ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (= Laws ii 278.20 ). do Shinell shoigniomhach, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 § 33 . Adv. luid roime . . in rí . . co subach s., LB 236a18 . ¤gonta easily wounded, vulnerable : co narbo s. . . . oenball dia curp, CCath. 4699 . ¤grádach very loving; lovable, pleasing : rosc socraidh sogradach lais, BB 427a45 . go raibhe 'na Rígh .. . ro-shoghrádhach, Desid. 6879 . mac Domhnuill ṡaoir ṡoghrádhaigh, TD 32.53 . Adv.: tiagaid co subach sogradach dia tir, BB 238b31 . ¤guiti easily entreated : Fiacha Súigthi .i. soghuithe, ar bá hurusa a etarghuide, Cóir Anm. 168 . ¤impóithech: is i so dani na plained co soimpaidtec ┐ an talam co dogluasta easily revolvable, Ir. Astr. Tr. 120.9 . gurub soimpoitheach a leann ruadh e easily convertible, 23 P 10, 15a9 . ¤lámhachtach easily handled, palpable: compar. ba solamachtaige [cuirp na hesergi] iar fhirinde in aicnid chorpda, PH 6747 . ¤lámaigthe easily handled (?): do éirgidar ceithre hollchúigidh Érenn a crislaighibh . . . a lúireach saidhbhir solámaigthi, Comp. CC 102.1 . ¤lámda, ¤lámaide easily handled, manageable : arm solámhdha, O'Gr. Cat. 510.26 . sitheadh . . . solāmaidhe dexterous, Feis Tighe Chonáin 389 . As subst. excellent handiwork, dexterity (?): érlam scolárda do scríb | dérgadh rígh solámhda súadh, IGT Decl. ex. 184 . ¤lecctha easily brought down : ní soileagtha thú tairsibh `thou art not likely to be overthrown in despite of them', TD 2.18 . ¤légtha legible: compar. nías soleghta gl. legibilior, Ir. Gl. 1126 . ¤leónta easily wounded : tuig gurab éadaingean soileónta do bhí an cholann daonna i nÁdhamh, TSh. 2547 . ¤lepthach luxurious, wanton (?): s. cech suirgech `every lover likes a dainty bed', Tec. Corm. § 13.29 . As subst. finechur gach solebach, Laws iv 374.23 = finichair gach solepaid, O'D. 1007 ( H 2.15A, p. 15a ). ¤lethan very wide, spacious : go himlibh Locha soileathain Ríbh, BS 118.5 . ¤lesaigthe well prepared : fled . . . solum s., SG 238.7 . ¤límtha well polished or whetted : de fhaobharaibh colg . . . solíomhtha, ML 128.19 . ¤logtha easily forgiven, venial : tréna bpeacadhaibh sologhtha, TSh. 4366 . ¤logthach easily forgiven : peacadh marbhthach ┐ peacadh sologhthach, Eochairsg. 73.29 . ¤maisech very beautiful : inar sroill s., Acall. 7267 v.l. na subháilce somhaiseacha chailleas a los an pheacaidh, TSh. 1456 . gurb ardmaigistir isna secht n-eladhnaibh somaisecha saera `seven elegant liberal arts', Stair Erc. 970 . ¤marbtha mortal : ní fhuil ionainne acht daoine so-mharbhtha mar sibhse, TSh. 150 . corp somharbtha, Romans vi 12 . ¤mellta easily deceived, beguiled, enticed : daoine iad uile soimheallta, learab eidir breaga do radh, Luc. Fid. 267.12 . ¤menmnach in good spirits, cheerful, courageous : iarum rancatar dia taig | soera, slana, somenmnaig, SR 3518 . nirdar subaig sámaig . . . somenmnaig lucht puible Fir diad, TBC-LL¹ 3242 . ¤mescda intoxicating : cach lind s., Alex. 869 . ¤míadach very honourable : caecca sruth go soimhiadhach | or bhen sé iascc a linne, BNnÉ 80 § 158 . ¤míanuighthe desirable: lán d'ór ┐ d'airgead ┐ dá gach maoin shoimhianuighthe oile, TSh. 2724 . ¤molta easy to praise; laudable, praiseworthy : erlam uasal adamra s., SG 17.1 . Adv. cionnus do fhéadfadh a bheatha do thabhairt as go subháilceach s., TSh. 651 . compar. níis s. gl. laudabilior, Ir. Gl. 1127 . ¤morgtha, ¤morgaigthe easily corrupted : an oileamain do-gabur ō na torthaib geinid sī fuil shomorguigthi, RSláinte 5016 . doni gach uile thoradh fuil uisgemail somorgtha, Reg. San. 25.21 . ¤mothaigthe palpable, tangible : comharrtha somhothaighthe do chedfadhaibh corparrdha, Parrth. Anma 189.14 . an eaglais . . . sofhaicse, somhothuidhthe, Luc. Fid. 356.12 . ¤mudaigthe perishable, mortal : duine 'na Dhia ┐ uilechumhachtach ┐ Mac Dé 'na dhuine ┐ somhudhaighthe, Desid. 6218 . ¤múinte teachable (?): atait inntleachtach somuinti `refined', Ir. Astr. Tr. 138.26 . ¤óentadach accommodating, agreeable : s. é co sír ┐ bá suilbir dogrés, Cóir Anm. 168 . ¤oscailte dissoluble : gach ni as s. ┐ is laigi dageibh is in talmain beirid se . . . isna srotaib (of rain), Ir. Astr. Tr. 34.15 . ¤oibrigthe excitable (?): in dechmad la fithed . . . is sooibrithe in ti geinter and, C IV 2, 10va1 . ¤ráthaigthe: in iondsma na sleagh semnech sithfoda so-ráthaighthe `wohlbemerkten (?)', TBC-LL¹ 5600 (St.). ¤shásaigthe easily satisfied, moderate, reasonable : léaghthóir comhthrom s., Keat. i 94.15 . ¤shercach very loving : condacomarthar fria feli na sar-rigna sosercaide, YBL 177b35 . ¤shiublach easily travelled : an bóthar réidh só-shiúbhlach, ITS i 4.17 . ¤thaithmigthe easily dissolved or annulled : cor sotaithmithe, O'D. 787 ( H 3.17, 565 ). ¤thecoscda docile, teachable : bid sogradhach soteccuscda, D IV 2, 54ra18 . ¤thillte easily turned : run nach soithillte go síor, Studies 1933, 139 § 6 . ¤thoglaide easily assailable : ua senta sothoglaidi muir a cathrach, TTebe 1597 . ¤thogtha: duine sográdhach s. `sensible', Corm. xli 20 . ¤thoirsech very lamentable : srotha . . . sotoirsech (of hell), Lism. L. 3660 . ¤thorchuitbide: sē sām[fh]ind sobucc sotorchutbide `easily moved to laughter', MacCongl. 87.8 . ¤thregta easily pierced or penetrated : biaidh ruithenda, lúthmhar, sothreghdtha (of bodies at the Resurrection), Parrth. Anma 117.19 . ¤thrúaillithe corruptible: ag soláthar na séad sothruaillithe saoghalta, TSh. 10613 . ¤thuicsech, ¤thuicsenach easily understood, intelligible : flichidheacht ro shéimh nach sotuicsinech, O'Gr. Cat. 249.7 . superl. is i an ghaoidheilg is sothuigsighthe . . . do cuireadh síos ann, Donlevy xxii 14 . Adv. muna mínighthear dhóibh go sothuigsionach, Donlevy viii 28 . ¤thuisledach causing to stumble, slippery : drochet . . . nī thalla nemdīrgi dó air nā ba sothuissledhach, Corm. Y 434 . ¤thuitmech inducing a fall, leading into error : ata bhar ngluais . . . soimheallta, sothuitimeach, Luc. Fid. 334.1 . ¤ullam well prepared, thoroughly ready : slúag sénta s., ALC ii 294.6 .

(d) With verbs: ¤chenélaigidir ennobles : co sochenelaigidir, Ml. 138c4 . ¤dheisigid arranges dexterously, adjusts : gur shodesigestar [lainn a chlaidim] . . . ina haltaib, MR 300.23 . ¤legaid: ní fód súd nach soileaghtar, DDána 27.1 . ¤ráidid: freq. in Laws Comm. as a gloss on saeraid: ro saeradh la Feine .i. ro soraidedh do reir in feinechais cen ni d'ic ann sin, Laws i 92.z . saerta la fine a forcomol .i. soraidter a fir accomol a ferand na fine amlaid sin, iv 16.23 , 18.11 . soerthair .i. soraiter no soradh, ut est mac cor mbel berar i seilb soertha uccu .i. soraiter in ferann ro soraidhedh do iarna togha .i. in ferann donti toghthar ann iar bfir `exempted is the land which has been exempted by him according to his option', O'Dav. 1470 . do gobainn no cerda no umaidi saertar la tuaith .i. soraiter eneclann doib isin tuaith, Laws v 114.x Comm . ¤réidigid smoothes: as laidir do soiredighedh . . . a coill de, Leb. Gab.(i) 102 n. 3 .

tarsna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tarsna or dil.ie/40161
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: —ae, tarsno, tarsno, forstarsnu, tarsnu, tarsnu, tarsnu, tarsna

n [? —ae io, n.] n s. a tarsno , Thes. ii 255.7 . d s. ond tarsno , 8 . forstarsnu, LU 5810 . tarsnu, 10138 .

I

(a) the cross-beam of a cross: a tarsno for laim cli do sacardaib ... ani ond tarsno sís do anchortib, Thes. ii 255.7 , 8 . ocht cubaitt ar fatt annsa croich ┐ tri cubaitt co leith ina tarrsna, Maund. 13 (perh. to (b)).

(b) width, breadth (as opp. to fot length): tarrsna boisi ina lethet (a bridge), Aisl. Tond. 126.9 . trī lēigi amāin t.¤ ┐ leithet an locha `the lake is only three leagues in width,' Fl. Earls 92.5 . téad ... ré tomhas chathrach Jerusalem ar fad ┐ ar t.¤ , TSh. 723 . a t.¤ ó Shliabh Eichtghe go Sliabh Eibhlinne (of Tuadhmhumha), Keat. i 126.80 .

II In adverbial expressions.

(a) d s. tarsnu (later tarsna) across, from side to side, diametrically: ni triit tarsnu toimsideir it is not measured in diameter (of the earth), SR 172 . Cf. Laws i 28.26 . tarsnu on dorus di arailiu, LU 10138 . act nib tarrsna do fuarcartur enech i neinech `provided he does not cross-strike the person threshing face to face opposite him,' Laws iii 220.y Comm. fiar is tarnsna théid mo long `tack and tack my vessel beats,' O'Gr. Cat. 336.8. siobhal an fhearainn t.¤ (of evasive arguing), Luc. Fid. 286.1 .

(b) Hence as quasi-adj. crosswise, oblique, crooked: an crann t.¤ a-tá ar an gcrois, DDána 23.17 . má rugas chéim th.¤ thoruibh if I avoided Thee by deviating from it (the true path), 25a.24 . guais bheith dod threabhadh t.¤ , Content. xiv 2 . slighe tarrsna, Dán Dé xxii 13.

(c) In phrase for tarsnu (later fo tharsnu, —a)=(a): colluid triana chend forstarsnu, LU 5810 (= fortharrsu, TBC-I¹ 1338 ). co mboí faén for tarsnu isind áth ina ligu, LU 6199 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot, alaile fortarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 . roarsetar an innsi fo tharsnu arantia hanc insulam , Lat. Lives 79.z . ro badh faóinbhél foth.¤ ro hiomcradh ara eoch é, AFM v 1778.11 .

(d) With foll. prep. and noun (cf. III (b)): cor bo chross tall t.¤ triana chlíab (of a spear), IT iii 480.243 . con tigeth gai D. t.¤ ind, YBL 172a32 . nobid ... crand t.¤ tarsin tech, ZCP vii 300.9 . tarrsna os cinn urlair in tseomra, vi 297.5 .

III In prepositional expressions.

(a) d s. tarsnu (later tarsna) across, over (with foll. gen.): a dá malaig ... tarrsnu a gnúisi, BDD² 853 . lan bel in demes t.¤ ind aisle itir tiget ┐ lethet, Laws i 132.24 Comm. tarrsna in tiri uile, CCath. 3426 . fiarth.¤ na lurgan ar aicmi muini ... ceartth.¤ ar aicme ailme `athwart the shinbone ... straight across,' Auraic. 5783 . t.¤ an achaidh, TD 4.7 . ? Here also: lenfetar in da tailcend techt Taige tarrsnae crainn, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 51.1 . lotar īar tain dar fid tarrsnæ 'they then cut across a wood', BDC 108.64 ​.

(b) With following prep. governing dat. (cf. II (d)): muir ┐ mor-ghaoth tarrsna re taobuibh trenlong, ML² 699 . bréid ciartha t.¤ ar a shúilibh `over his eyes,' Keat. iii 1356 . Cf. tucad dóib ... in mucc ┐ cethorcha dam dia tarsnu `across her,' Sc.M² 7.1 .

Mod. Ir. treasna. Cf. ceithre croinn trasna ar a thóin, TD 279 (poem 44 v.9) . trasna tar a ttáinig, 23 M 25, 89.10 .

túagrótae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. túagrótae or dil.ie/42152
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: tuaghród

n (-ŏ- ?) (1 túag or 2 túag +(?)rótae, cf. raite, 1 rót, rota Fil Súil nGlais 21 ) a type of road (placed by Corm. between lámrótae and bóthar ); lit. roadway cleared with an axe Celtica xxiii 171 : tuaghród `a farmer's road leading to a `ród,' or into a mountain ,' O'Don. Suppl. tūagrottae, fochren fer trebar conair do ascnam raotae nō slēibe. Is sī īarom a fochreicc, anam cach dīne nō cach mīl immidrēt cach ala blīa[dain], Corm. Y 1082 = tuagróta fochren fer trebar conair do ascnám roitói no slébe. isi iarom a ḟochraic .i. aaním aneim atraet cachla bliadain, Corm. 38 . tuaghrod .i. slighe, O'Cl.