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breccán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breccán or dil.ie/6626

 

n (1 brecc) speckled thing, striped or chequered stuff, plaid: ni breccan raenach riabach `no tartan, striped nor checkered' (of a shield), Metr. Dinds. iv 332.19 . (used as bed-clothes) do brothrachaib ┐ brecánaib, LU 8070 ( FB 4 ). do breth colctach fo a toeb ┐ brothrach tairrsi ┐ breccan tar sodain annuas `a striped plaid', IT ii1 179.19 . pell no brothrach no breccan, CCath. 2909. tocaib let mo brecansa / . . . it lepaid `my plaid', Fen. 198.11 . imurcruidh breacain ┐ cercaille, O'D. 643 (H. 3.17, 478). brecána ┐ cuilce, Laws iv 380.26 Comm. 2 breacan. ┐ geimhen, H 3.18, 512.11 ( O'Curry 1265. ) As n. pr. m. freckled person (?): Brecān Cluana Caīn, Corp. Gen. 89.8 . In fanciful name: Brecan mac Bangresa `Blanket, son of Woman's Work ' ( Manners and Customs ii 133 ), Anecd. ii 55 § 17. In name of whirlpool, see Coire Brecain , Hog. Onom. and coire .

breisim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breisim or dil.ie/6691

 

Forms: -m, bresma

n (with unlen. -m) f. n p. bresma, SR 8137.

(a) noise, din, uproar: a bressim .i. a brisgemnech ┐ a esgal (Coire Brecáin), Corm. 14. b.¤ .i. gáir, O'Cl. brāth, nī ba beg a brisim `uproar', Ériu iii 29 § 1. b.¤ , 30 § 13 . atchualasa . . . bressim ṁbuirb móradbail, LL 32195 ( TTr. 1384 ). rochvala b. thornige móre, TTr.² 853. presimb na sciath, RC xii 98 § 131.

(b) rout, defeat: d'á b.¤ bruide, MR 292.4 . dorat b.¤ forru co romarb ríg etarru `he routed them', TTr.² 1432. bresim brogda da thabairt do Mac D. . . . ar h. C., Ann. Conn. 1342.7 . roba móide brígh ┐ borrfadh na mBúrcach an b.¤ sin `were increased by this defeat', AFM vi 1880.16 . Cheville: bressim ngle, RC xxiii 306.21 .

coire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coire or dil.ie/10386
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: choro, coireadha, chorae, choireadhaibh

n io [m., Críth Gabl.]. Cf. .x. c.¤ glossed saincenel claidibh, Ériu ii 3.12 . Also ca-, cu-. ?n s. in choro , Ériu v 40.1 . a p. coireadha, SG 28.12 . g p. chorae, LU 7425 . d p. ós choireadhaibh , O'R. Poems 185 . Cf. ZCP xxix 378 .

Cauldron, pot : c.¤ gl. hoc caldarium, Ir. Gl. 724 . imdell . . . itir c.¤ ┐ dabaig, O'Mulc. 740 . c.¤ .i. cōi ūire .i. úr cach n-om, Corm. Y 399 . na seacht core, Anecd. i 11.2 ( SCano 331 ). in c.¤ do bruith na n-om, LL 38339 ( SG 371. 2 ). dabach ┐ c.¤ on flaith fri dénam fleidi, O'D. 521 ( H 3.17, 423 ). core co neim, LU 7714 ( BDD 129 ). caire umai hi talla(i) torcc, Críth G. 197 . c.¤ cona inbiur(b), 174 . bla c.¤ combruth, Laws iii 266.3 . ní tuccad a chairi do thenid (of cauldron of Da Derga), LU 7771 ( BDD 133 ). fo drolmaig is fo ch.¤ , Ériu iv 98 § 26 . escraib cornaib caírib dabchaib deilg, IT iii 30.9 ( BB 301b40 ). teni fo a choiriu, Fing. R. 473 . coiri cæcdhuirnn, IT iii 187 § 8 . caire, losat ┐ criathar, Laws i 122.13 . in lind i c.¤ toll (prov.), Ériu ix 45 § 3 . díoth cruidh c.¤ Tomás `devourers of wealth are the cauldrons of T.', Magauran 3524 . maith an chuire 's a chéad torc (: duine), DDána 42.42 .

With added description of size, value etc. (see Thurn. ZCP xiv 358 ; Hull xviii 296 n.4 ) (where name of an animal follows it is uncertain whether this indicates value or size, but cf. Críth G. 197 cited above): caire Iulaice lan do lemnacht, ZCP xiv 356.1 ( Laws ii 254.2 .i. is fiu lulgaid, 15 ). méit chori cholbthaige, LU 6952 ( BDD 58 ). commeit chori cholbthaigi, 3262 ( SCC 5 ). ba mmóir choire ṅ-darta `kettle of a heifer', ZCP xviii 296.5 . coire cert ocht fichet torc (in house of Mac Ind Óc), viii 108.16 . Of an ordeal: in caire fira cauldron of testing, Laws v 472.22 Comm. fir fora nascar fir caire `test of the caldron', i 194.23 . Cori Fir, IT iii 188 § 11 . naidm caire chombrothaigh, Ériu xiii 34.15 . cranncor sceo caire cainndlige . . . an caire ada do reir coir, in c.¤ fira, O'Curry 2587 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)d ). ? Cf. gabhthar geall . . . / re cnáimh c.¤ , DDána 111.25 . Of collecting-pot of poets: c.¤ acu .i. coiri gacha clére díb. Coire Sainti a ainm, RC xx 422.14 - 6 . C.¤ ainsic see ainsic. c.¤ amaite, see ammait. c.¤ féile cauldron of plenty : boí c.¤ fēile la Laigniu, Buchat a ainm (applied to person), Fing. R. 472 = brughaidh . . . do choimhéadadh c.¤ féile ar theinidh, Keat. ii 4683 . in caire flatha `regal cauldron', MR 50.9 . Of mythical Cauldron of Plenty: coiri an Dagdai, RC xii 58.1 .

Whirlpool : cuire cróderg cubrach (of bloody river), Fianaig. 90.20 . rosbaidh coiri serb na sín (of Coire Breccáin), Ériu x 80 § 43 . imchore nandrúagh, IT iii 46 § 73 . caire cuairt-bill `whirl-pool', Laws v 298.17 Comm. In n. loc. C.¤ mBreccáin, Dinds. 145 . C.¤ Brecāin , Corm. Y 323 . Murchad M. / . . . / ērge C.¤ / Breccāin `who rises like B.'s . . . whirlpool', Misc. Hib. 46.5 ( BB 289b49 ). Cf. Reeves Ad. 29 n. Coire mBrecain, Dinds. 145 ( RC xvi 157 ).

Fig. gainitir tri coiri i cach duiniu .i. Coire Goriath ┐ Coire Érmai ┐ Coire Sois 'three cauldrons are generated in every person, i.e. the Cauldron of Goiriath and the Cauldron of Érmae and the Cauldron of Knowledge', Ériu xxxii 64 § 4 . trí coiri bíte in cach dúini: coire érma, coire goriath, coire áiged, Triads 127 .

comaircid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaircid or dil.ie/10641

 

v (comarc)

(a) inquires; demands(?): ro comaircsead ciasa cend, Thr. Ir. Gl. 14.9 (Coire Brecain) = interrogaverunt, 8 . is ē . . . Eochaid rochomaircc do mac hui Mugairne cacha ni ara mbiad dia thaiririud . . . , Rawl. 125b2 . comaircther dí toghmarc Fachtna Fathach (leg. -aig), ZCP viii 104.21 . comarcais Senán do Narach: in tuc duit uile ?, iii 222.13 .

Form comaircim (1 s.) freq. in glosses on interrogatives in Law texts, etc.: cisne haimsera .i. comaircim cadiat na teora . . . , Laws v 450.16 Comm. cair ? . . . .i. comaircim, iii 16.16 Comm. ceist .i. comaircim, Anecd. v 23 n. 23 . sciscor .i. comarcim, Auraic. 3101. 616 .

(b) cries out: éigh ┐ comhairc exclama, ITS xxix 214.20 . gur thóg misi mo ghuth ós áird ┐ gur chomhairc mé, Gen. xxxix 15 . ? By metath. friscomair cach . . . .i. . . . comraice cach `everyone sues', Laws v 356.26 Comm.

See comairser.

1 comrac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 comrac or dil.ie/11625
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: comrag

n o (on gender see GOI 448 . Cf. comrag mbairdne, O'Curry 2773 from Eg. 88, 82b ). Vn. of con-ricc. comrag m., IGT Decl. § 11 (54.18) , Verbs § 65 . With final -g in class. verse, in other late texts often with -c (cf. s.v. do-icc). (act of) meeting: encounter; freq. in military contexts battle, fight: a chomraicsom frisaul `of his encounter with S.', Ml. 75a1 , a chomraicsom ┐ Saul, 6a . c.¤ (cobrac, MS.), Thes. ii 237.10 . iar comruc ind crontsale frisind laim `after the spittle touches the hand', Mon. Tall. § 38 . c.¤ a thoíb ri talmain, Metr. Dinds. iv 38.40 . comrug gen curu bel ` combat ', Laws iv 32.4 (of single combat for the purpose of enforcing a claim). derged comraig nad fornastar, v 476.24 cf. c.¤ .i. tobhach, O'Dav. 364 . airligud seoit fris' tabair nemed c.¤ i n-airliccud ` opposition ', Laws v 372.2 . in comruc comarleicti `pitched battle', 148.13 Comm. in c.¤ tulla `sudden collision', iii 254.18 Comm. do chomroc fri fer, LU 5081 (TBC). tri .xx. crand / comraic (leg. comrac ?) nad chomraic a mbarr whose tops all but touch, 3703 ( SCC 33 ). fo-cheird in colcc ndét sin a n-airde co tuit for cenn ind fir . . ., c.¤ nat comraic fris without actually touching him, TBC St. 4458 . A. . . . ba cruaid comhroig (: goid), BB 59a47 . dorala in cath ina comracaib `the battle fell into duels', TTebe 2828 . do chomrag . . . ┐ do chomhdhluthugadh a g-cairdeasa `to unite', MR 96.10 . In religious context: comhrag dá bhall ríogh sa rathoigh meeting (of Christ and the Father), Aithd. D. 70.21 . siati co ticc mo chomrag 'it will be the longer until my meeting comes' (of the soul and Christ) Éigse xxix 172 . With qualifier: cen ch.¤ n-oenḟir single combat, TBC-LL¹ 1232 . c.¤ fir re fer, ML² 1870 . re coimríac[h]tain dúin c.¤ n-immairic `before we met in conflict', TBC-LL² 3418 . a comruc deisi in single combat, Aen. 2288 . Attrib. g s. re comraic `a battle ', Laws v 300.26 . a chath-eirred . . . comraic, CRR 34 . re dliged comraic, O'Curry 1772 ( 23 Q 6, 37 b ). a chéile comhruig, IGT Decl. ex. 590 . ag fuireach ret fhear gcomhruig (: dhuid) adversary , Aithd. D. 8.37 . For cáer chomraic see cáer (d). With vbs. see do-beir, do-gní, feraid, fris-gair, fúacair.

Of legal confrontation : do-beir in fer ada-gair comrac forsin mil sin co tét i lláim gabálae 'the man who brings a claim against them causes a confrontation over that honey so that it [the honey] passes by forcible seizure', Bechbretha 186 (e) ​.

Of sexual relations : ba coindme a c.¤ (of Cú Chulainn and Findabair), LU 6060 (TBC). iar c.¤ dó . . . frisin mnaí, LL 35728 . is hē mac ruccad and din chomruc sin, ZCP viii 309.13 . c.¤ ar eiccin re mnaei H. `to rape', CCath. 3845 .

Of seas, territories, roads, etc.: comruc na n-ilmuire where many seas meet, Corm. Y 323 (of Coire Brecain) = c.¤ na n-ilmuiri aniar ┐ anair, Dinds. 145 . i comracc da ferund border, BB 253b8 . a comrag Allban ┐ Saxan, Ann. Inisf. 1307.1 . do ch.¤ in dá ríg-lind `meeting of the two royal streams', Metr. Dinds. iii 32.78 . for comruc teora sliged, LL 36387 ( RC viii 154 § 4 ). comhrac `a corner, a meeting of two ways', Eg. Gl. 200 .

Other applications: a c.¤ an chathbha[i]rr ┐ na caemhlúirighi, CF² 185 . a ccomhrac a chinn ┐ a ramhar an mhuiníl `base of the head', Ériu viii 139.26 . hi cc.¤ chorráin a gheill ┐ uachtair a bhraghat, AFM vi 2114.y . a comrug da rand bis in gach aisde acht an debhidhe sgailte ┐ a comrag da leathrand bhis inti sen (of fault called ráen) between two quatrains . . . two couplets, IGT Met. Faults 72 . a comhrac an lae ┐ na hoidhche at twilight, Atlantis iv 168.23 .

díchetal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díchetal or dil.ie/16103

 

Forms: dícetul, dicetail, ndíchetla

oand u, n. (vn. of 1 do-cain) incantation or spell composed extemporaneously by the `fili's' and druids in ancient Ireland: dicetal file, Laws i 30 . cen ail cen fasach cen dicetal, v 480 . roscad no dichetal (gl. fasach), 450 . dichetal (one of the 14 `srotha éicsi'), LL 30d33 . d.¤ do chennaib na tuaithe (included among the 8th year's course of the `fili'), IT iii 50 . coiri caec-dhuirnn . . . do chor ar teinid . . . ┐ dichetal flatha ┐ filedh ┐ druadh do chetal fair, IT iii 187 . adbeart in dicheadal-sa oc tairrngiri ēisc i n-easaib, Lec. 568a10 . roboi Diancecht ┐ a dí mac ┐ a ingen . . . oc dicetul for an tibrait chanting spells over, RC xii 94 . tarclamad crand do cach fid i nErinn don drui[d] ┐ foreimidh d.¤ foraib co tucad crand do a ḟid F. co ndergenai d.¤ fair `over this [tree] he sang a spell' (but possibly crand do cach fid = piece of wood from each tree and the allusion is to spells written in ogham?), RC xvi 68 . gabais [Finn] a mér ina bēolu: a donic as afrithisi foopairt dicetal `he began to chant' (Finn's discovery of his gift of divination), RC xxv 346 . dichetal for ochtraig co ra-thochra a mbí ina íchtur for a úachtar `chanting over a dunghill', Triads 117 (with gl. .i. adhbhal-cantainn le rosg nó orrtha, p. 39 ). dichan dicetal, 348 . tair lium . . . do ṡinnath na fer ┐ dia ndichetal `to bespell them', RC xiii 450 . dodechatar dorchai tar forgnúis in talman la díchitel in druad, Trip.² 568 = dícetul, Trip. 56 . d.¤ rogaeth, Leb. Gab.(i) 258 (Amergin's chant). d.¤ do chollaibh cend, Anecd. ii 75 . g s. bati[s?] slan a n-athgoite tre nert an dicetail na cethri lēge, RC xii 94 § 123 . bidh trom le feraib Erenn beith ac fulang dichelta (= dichetla) na ndrúadh, TBC-LL¹ 5494 St. mes fér for fodhuil dire direch cach dicedla, O'Gr. Cat. 143 . pl. ra bágait a mbrechta ┐ racanait a ndíchetla, co ra eirgetar a n-airbeda drúad impu, LL 239a47 . tria brichtu ┐ dicetla ┐ cantana nolúited in mathair cach maigin, RC xv 311.8 ( Dinds. 18 ). dican ar dichetlui mora derbha, RC xiii 11 . ataig a díchelta ass, LU 4457 = attaig a guth, Anecd. i 22 . co ro chansat a ndruide seom ┐ a filidh dicealta doib, BB 40a38 ; ib. 21 . Common in phr. d.¤ di (do) chennaib, used of a species of poetical incantation which was composed extemporaneously (implying divination?) (the díchetal di ch. was probably a kind of clairvoyance or psychometry in which the seer conveyed his vision or message in a verse or quatrain ; see the ex. given by Cormac s.v. Coire Brecain . The ollam was required to be proficient in the imbas forosnai and the díchetal di chennaib , cf. BB 341b , Lec. 339a , and Laws v 56 ): ba aī dichetail di chennaib, ZCP xv 362 § 47 , see 363 , xvi 178 . The díchetal d.¤ was allowed by St. Patrick as being harmless and involving no pagan rites: dic[h]etal doc[h]ennaib . . . fodrācbad sōn i cōrus c[h]erdae, ar is soas fodēra son: ni ēcen audbairt do demnaib oca, acht aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae fochēdōir, Corm. Y 756 ; cf. Laws i 44 . dicedul ducendaib .i. dul do a cend a dāna focétoir . . . aisnēt-sium imrādad na rann gin smuainedh ┐ gin smuaintecadh, BB 341b34 = Lec. 339a (dicheadal dochennaib). Dubthach doroine dicetal do cennaib for ēn-anāil do cuingidh feraind for C. composed (recited) a `díchetal di ch.' in one breath, LL 392d52 = Lec. 205b34 . dichetal do chennaib (dicendaib, BB) na tuaithe (part of course for 8th year of a fili's training), IT iii 50 (cf. dichetal do collaib cenn, Rawl. B 512, 114c , Anecd. ii 75 ).

fili

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fili or dil.ie/22070
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fili, filid, filid, filed, filid, ḟilid, fileda, filed, file, fileadha, filidh, filed, fili, fili

n t, m. n s. fili, Wb. 31b19 . Sg. 29a3 . LU 10942 , etc. a s. filid, 10944 . d s. filid, Sg. 140a1 . g s. filed, 71b16 . n p. filid 63a14 . ind ḟilid , 162a3 . Ml. 26b10 . a p. fileda, Sg. 63b4 . 212a11 . g p. filed, Rawl. 124a46 . n s. file, LU 10941 . Rawl. 156b5 . IGT, Decl. § 21 . n p. fileadha ( Keat. iii 1239 , etc.) is proscribed as incorrect, IGT Decl. § 21. ex. 784 .

Orig. seer, diviner (cognate with Welsh gwelet, see Thurn. Heldensage, 66 ), and in earlier documents generally implies occult powers or knowledge : fili gl. propheta, , Wb. 31 b 19 . imbass forosnae .i. dofuarascaib sechip ret bas maith lasin filid ┐ bes adlaic dó d'foillsiugad, Corm. Y 756 . is a Senc[h]as Mar ro airled comdire do rig ┐ epscop ┐ aige rechta litre ┐ sua[i]d filed for-can di cendaib, Laws i 40.16 ( ZCP xvi 175 ), with gl. : .i. in sui file[d] ... da faillsigend imad a sofesa ... co ndenand rand can smuainedh .i. cen imradud, Laws i 42x Comm. firt filed (a miracle wrought by a poet) AU 1024 . See also ZCP xix 163 , IT iii 96 § 155 , Imr. Brain i 46 , Corm. s.v. Mug eme , Coire Brecain ; RC xxvi 8 . For `fili' and `drui' as interchangeable terms see Plummer V. SS. Hib. i clxi , clxii . Poet (historian, panegyrist, satirist), man of learning (the `fili' in early times was not always sharply distinguished from the `breithem' and `senchaid,' and seems originally to have united all three functions : ni dhligh cúairt no cennaighect | ar ni fili fíreólach | hi feidm eoluis ilcrothaigh | manip co fēigh fessara | cīsa tenna is tuarustla | ... ; ni dlig cuairt ... | file nach dron dechraighfes | sochur dochur dílmaine | drēcht cech tīre thic, ZCP iv 237 . Leb. Cert. 236 . on uair dona ronuc Aimirgin Glungel cetbreth i nEre robu la filedhu a n-oenur breithemnus, cusin Imacallaim in da Tuar i nEmain Mache .i. Ferceirtne file ┐ Nede mac Adna ... Ba dorcha didiu in labrad ro labairset na filid [sic leg.] isin fuigell sin ┐ nirbu reill donaib flaithib in brethemnus ronucsat ... Do allad didiu brethemnus [sic leg.] ar filedhaib iar sin, acht a nduthaigh de, ┐ ro gab cach d'feraib Eirenn a drecht don breithemnus, Laws i 18 Comm. Cf. dichetal filed, one of the things by which law is preserved in tradition, ZCP xvi 175 = Laws i 30 . canaid in breithem fassach firaicnid ┐ roscadh filed, da cois ina brethe in sin, Corm. Y 1224 . See also the tract on The Privileges ... of poets, ed. E. J. Gwynn, Ériu xiii p. 2 ff .) : amal as ho molad ┐ adamrugud in choimded intinscana in salm sa [isamlaid] forcentar dano amal dundgniat ind filid linni cid in sin, Ml. 26b10 . filidh (gl. poeta), Ir. Gl. 1 . Of Latin poets Sg. 63a14 . fili .i. fī a n-aoras ┐ lī a mmolas ┐ brecht a fuacras in file, Corm. Y 600 . f.¤ ... .i. seircid foglamo. nó ... fī fora aeir ┐ lī fora molad, O'Mulc. 537 . duarfine ... ainm d'filethaib .i. fine duar .i. fine foccul, Corm. Y 445 . rosiachtus glún Amargin filed coro molaim ríg as cach feib i mbi, LU 10298 . rātha eturru secht ṅdruid, secht filid, secht n-ócthigirn. na secht ṅdruid dia rímsad tría brichtu, na secht filid dia ṅglámad ┐ dia n-erḟuacra (`the seven druids to bewitch (?) them by means of spells; the seven poets to satirise them and denounce them') Dinds. 161 . nemed .i. fili ... ar is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . nem-uath fri filedaib iarsinni aerait nech co n-epil de, 830 f . asbert in fili nodnaírfed ... ┐ no áerfad a athair ┐ a máthair ┐ a senathair ┐ docechnad fora n-usciu conná gébtha iasc ina inberaib, LU 10946 ( Imr. Brain i 46 ). Applied to Virgil , Sg. 29a3 ; Epimenides Wb. 31b19 . ar ba faith, ar ba file (of David), Hib. Min. 5. 157 . ro can in filid ┐ in faith .i. Bec mac Dé, Cog. 10.22 . Find fili, mac Rosa, LL 311b53 . c56 . Rawl. 118b30 . gen. Find filed m. Rossa, 117e28 . Faifne file, LL 160b11 . Ferchertne file, Rawl. 156b4 . ZCP viii 326.1 . The `filid' was commonly attached to the house-hold of a chief. The calling was hereditary and the office of `fili' to the head of the clan was, in later times at any rate, often the prerogative of a particular family : fili Conchobair in tAed, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 22 . Fergus Fínbel, file Find, Dinds. 52 . Fergus Fínbél, fili na Féinde, Acall. 3017 . file Chon Raoi, Feircheirtne a ainm, Keat. ii 3524 . clann Fhir bhisigh .i. fileadha Ua nAmhalghaidh ┐ Cloinne Fiachrach, Hy Fiach. 10 . adubhairt ris file do bheith 'na ardollamh aige féin ar aithris na ríogh roimhe, Keat. iii 1465 .

duais ḟiled is ruidles .i. a ndoberr [sic leg.] i logh natha acht rop iar firinde ┐ choir mbeith in nath the poet's fee is absolutely conveyed, that is, what is paid for a poem, provided the poem be truthful and correct ZCP xiii 20.19 ( Bürgschaft 7 ). coic gne in berla tobaidi .i. berla fene ┐ fasaige na filed ┐ berla etarsgarta ┐ berla forttide [fortcide v.l.] na filed triasa n-agaillit cach dib a chele, Auraic. 1303 . berla na filed, part of the sixth year's course of the student-`fili' IT iii 38 .

From early times the `filid' formed an important and highly organized corporation classed among the `saer-nemed' (privileged classes) : tri nemid uaisli ... .i. espoc ┐ flaith ┐ file, O'D. 1631 (< H 5.15, 16b ). it e saernemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh (.i. graid filedh), feine, Laws v 14.10 . There were seven grades of fili, of which the highest was the ollam filed : in t-ollam filedh iarna uirdned ag rig tuath the fully qualified poet when appointed by the king of territories Laws i 42z Comm. ollamh fileadh ` master poet ' Studies 1919, 74 . Cf. O'D. 1214 ff ( H 2.15A, p. 84 ). in t-ollam sair ... adeitig lasin ugdar ni bud mo do na cutruma risin ollamain filed, no risin ollamain mberla no risin fear legind, Laws v 92x Comm. secht ngrad filed : ollam, ansrut[h], cli, canae, dos, mac fuirmid, focluc, O'Mulc. 537 . IT iii 96 § 155 . RC xii 119 . See also Laws iv 358 - 60 . v 26 ; 56 ff . is a ndanaibh defrighet ┐ dearscaighit gach grad filedh o raile i sos ┐ i segda ┐ i n-aircedal BB 296b29 ( IT iii 6 n .). sé dá rádh go riacht tusa | ... seacht ngradh na bfilidh ar fad ..., Gofraidh Mac an Bhaird, 23 L 17, 148b . The fili was at all periods distinguished from the bard (q.v.), whose qualifications and status were inferior (in: a bhfilidh, dá ngairid báird, Keat. i 70 , he is rendering Camden : poetas, quos bardos vocant) : cescc cidh dlighedh i ffil an bhairdne lasna filedhoibh ... ? amhail roghabh rithim arradh Mettuir, as amhlaidh ataid na báird cona mbairdne arradh na ffiledh, Ériu xiii 42.4 . dichlannaigfiter filid cona biat filid etir acht baird tantum , Rawl. 111b14 ( RC xxvi 44 - 5 ). is aire tra na dlegait baird acht letheneclann na filedh uair na frithgh[n]at, uair ni [di]reanar a ngradhaibh filedh neach na frit[h]gnat no o nach frit[h]ghainter the reason bards are entitled to only half the honor-price of poets is that they do not serve [ = practise their art], for `dire '-fine is not paid for any in the grades of a poet who do not serve or are not served BB 296b33 . Amal forber cach gradh filed seach araile im mod soís in oircidail toimside, forber ... cach gradh dibsom [viz. the bards] seach aroile IT iii 24 . fogluim na .uii. mad bliadna .i. brosnacha suad .i. bairdne na mbard ┐ dlegair dond ḟilid a ḟis, ar is he accept na sechtmad bliadna don ḟilid, 39 . ni dír báird acht dír fileadh | fis cach righ is a dhlighedh, Leb. Cert. 182 . The fili in his twelve-year course of study ( IT iii 31 ff .) had to master the various metrical tracts and oghams, memorize a mass of verse and prose tales, and learn certain methods of incantation : is hi ... foglaim na hochtmaide bliadna .i. fiscomarca filed .i. duili berla ┐ clethchor choem ┐ reicne roscadach ┐ laíde .i. tenm laída ┐ immas forosnai ( ZCP xix 163 ) ┐ dichetal do chennaib na tuaithe ┐ dín[n]ṡenchus ┐ primscéla Hérend olchena fria n-aisneis do ríghaib ┐ flaithib ┐ dagdhoínib. Ar ni comlán in fili chena, sicut dixit poeta : ni ba dúnad cen rígu. niba fili cen scéla, IT iii 49 - 50 . in-feded in fili scél cacha aidche do Mongán, LU 10942 .

Sometimes in sense a learned man, one skilled in literary composition in Irish, dist. from the Latin author on one hand and the unlearned Irishman on the other : a ngrad con-deilg lasin Laitneoir is eatargoiri a n-ainm lasin filid `the comparative degree of the Latinist (writer of Latin) is named inflection by the [Irish] poet' Auraic. 640 . possit ┐ comparait ┐ superlait lasin Laitneoir .i. fothugudh ┐ forran ┐ formoladh lasin filid : maith ┐ fearr ┐ fearrson lasin nGaedeal, 645 . maith, etc. (.i. lasin nGaedel coitchend a n-ecmais in filed, fothugad immorro lasidhe) 657 . ocht ndeich tra atrimet filidh na Goídilce the Gaelic poets reckon eight (metrical) feet Corm. Y 447 .

gin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gin or dil.ie/25866
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ginu

n u, m.

(a) a mouth : g s. in geno deeid (gl. securi oris), Ml. 82c5 . a ngena, 55a18 . d s. ho giun, Wb. 5d14 . i ngiun, 4d33 . tri giun (for a s.), Ml. 74d13 . i ngin, Thes. ii 357.19 ( Hy. vii 65 ). a s. tri a gin-som, Ml. 68c12 . a p. ginu (gl. ora), 88b10 . íar senad a gena co tánic rath in spirta naim fair, RC vi 165.1 . núall cech gena `the cry of every mouth,' Fél. Sept. 16 . cé betis secht tengtha | im gin ..., Ep. 126 . Cf. Aen. 1409 . sæthar ecnada 'na gin (giun v.l.) sāethar buirb 'na lāim, ACL iii 314 § 27 . diá tesorcain ar gin díabuil, RC xxi 378.16 . coscther a gin do golgaire, TTr. 1068 ( LL 231b32 ). a gin in fatha, PH 3660. BNnÉ 48 § 23 . bennachais P. iarum a gin, Laws i 8.10 . Anecd. ii 32 § 2 . no-labratís na demna tria n-a nginaib, PH 747 . i ngenaib na filed, Auraic. 1594 . amail donaircechain tria ginu na [prim faidhi], Laws i 16.7 . tar a ṅgena, PH 3771 . toimhlidh in loech ..., tara gin `swallows a man whole,' Marco P. § 107 . Cf. dar a chræs gin osluicthe, FB 37 (Eg.). sechtmad [screpaill] cach oen ngena do riagail r[i]u ... for every mouth [of grazing cattle], O'D. 1564 ( H 5.15, 3b ). Fig. suí ghena gusmair a scholar of vehement speech, ZCP xii 364.21 . ri rosáer ... do gin Balaim (i.e. from the [maledictory] utterance of B.), SR 7334 . gin .i. craes, Lec. Gl. 359. In phrase : a hoín-gin (giun) ; ó óinghin with one voice, unanimously : atbertatar amail bid a haongiun, Corm. Y 1059 . amail bidh a haenghin friscartsat, Marco P. § 31 . o oengin, Hib. Min. 71.28 . o oengen, RC xv 294.17 ( Dinds. 5 ). (ó) oen gein ┐ ó óin chridi, Lat. Lives 26.12 .

(b) hunger (?) : gin .i. ithe, O'Dav. 1025. (?) na hith, gemadh mor do gin | an tiascc do bhir go mbi fuar `though great be thy hunger (lit. mouth),' BNnÉ 82.11 .

(c) an opening ; a (mountain) pass : gin lócharne lethan the wide mouth of a lamp, Fél. Ap. 22 . tegdais gena na ṅglend (= domus oris vallium), PH 4600 . Cināed cinged gin nGabrūain ... the pass of Gabhrán (i.e. Belach G.), Bruchst. i 52 § 114 = AFM i 538.z .

Compds. ¤áil see ginól ; ¤chróes o, m. (in s. and pl.) gaping mouth : nó-ṡúigfed cid Érinn uli ina ghinchraes, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 13 (s.v. Coire Brecain ). dar gincráes a bragat, TBC-LL¹ 1025. LL 108a29 . comtar écnaig a ginchroes, TBC-I¹ 1943 . gomdar inecnaigh a ghincraeis, TBC-LL¹ p. 373 n. 1 . asreṅgsatar a ṅgin-chraesu, LL 237a49 ( TTr. 1517 ). rooslaicset a nguba ocus a nginchraesa, Fen. 114.23 . RC xiv 404.3 ; 422.20 . Cf. inchróes. ¤gob (a) mouth, muzzle (of animals) : a gingobaiph ┐ a heocurbelaibh na n-ech, CCath. 4957 . i ngiongobaibh a ngredh, Hugh Roe § 57 (28a) . (b) a point : tar gingob na sleighi, Acall. 4923 n . ¤tuillem (leg.) extravagance, prodigality : cinta comráite ┐ gintuillim liabilities arising from deliberation and prodigality (?), Laws iii 68.14 . inann fis urfogra ┐ fis gintuillmedh (leg. ¤tuillmea ?) a n-urradus knowledge of his having been proclaimed and of his prodigality are equivalent in customary law, O'Curry 2535 ( Eg. 88, f. 44 (45d) ).

loimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. loimm or dil.ie/30531
Last Revised: 2019

 

n n, n.

(a) sip, mouthful : l.¤ gl. mutta (= `gutta', Ascoli p. 174 ), Thes. ii 225.23 ( PCr. 11b2 ). dorat . . . luim (.i. bolgum) do neim isin n-airdig, ACL iii 16 § 34 . is l.¤ de romuir, Fél. Ep. 42 ( .i. bolcum, Fél.² ccvii gl. 42 ). l.¤ n-ais, Rule of Tallaght § 3 . loim do cach lind, O'Curry 2055 ( H 4.22, 63b ). ibait fiag lommae cróu (prophecy of a battle), ZCP xii 233 § 46 . Cf. blaisfit fiaich lomann cró, AFM i 506.16 . lom medcusci `a sip of whey-water', Mon. Tall. 143.23 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu, 25 . ni hebar deog . . . acht lommand `in sips', Rule of Tallaght § 9 . tri lommann di usci, RC xv 491 § 32 . sūigthe sīs i fudomhain . . . scēid iterum in l.¤ sin sūas (of Coire Brecáin), Corm. Y 323 . is loim for saith suan hi fat (proverbial phrase ?), LU 3610 ( SCC 30 ). conda sloicside lasa loim gabais asind lestur, LU 10652 (TE) = lassin dig, Ériu xii 156 § 21 . cen dith . . . bíd eter mír is l.¤ , LL 18966 . ibim mo deich ferlommandae fichet ass, MacCongl. 122.27 (as much as a man can swallow at once, cf. ferbolcum s.v. 1 fer). a c[h]lérig . . . meic míre me[i]c lommai `son of bite, son of sup', 33.24 .

l.¤ fola, l.¤ cró gush of blood : maidid a loim fola for a beolu ┐ at-bail fo chētóir, Fing. R. 269 . lom cró ┐ fola, MU² 369 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-aladh, Grail 684 . Cf. roleic Manannán a tri lomann cumad dia cride .i. Loch Ruide ┐ Loch Cuan ┐ Loch Dachaech, RC xvi 50 ( Dinds. 98 ).

(b) milk: sineda na mbo do thescad ┐ l.¤ do dail inntibh, Fél.² cxlii 25 (of Ultán feeding the infants of dead mothers). co táncatar ind úain . . . dochum a máthar . . . do ól lomma, Trip.² 136 . .i. d'imum no do lomum, BCrólige 27 n. 8 (gloss on cainannlunn). do loim, 48 n.3 . saill, loim, im ┐ aran, Laws v 64.19 Comm . sruth lomma for in dara n-óil dō ┐ sruth folae forsinn oil ailiu (of a dead woman's baby), Cáin Ad. 7 . da bhairghin déc ┐ becán loma, Lat. Lives 78.11 . sonus lomma is lenna lir `luck of milk and of plenteous ale', BColm. 50.28 . cīa clerech dorigne céo lomma do englais midg . . . `made cream out of whey-water', 104.1 . ara mét ra thálsat na halma . . . a loim ┐ a lacht and, LL 8922 ( TBC-LL¹ 1592 ). co ndechaid in loim tarna lestra, IT i 42.12 . ic fodail loma ┐ feola do bochtaib, Todd Nenn. 212.5 . is moille in loim tiug quam in loim tane, O'Mulc. 827 . l.¤ na cích, PH 6628 . ni tharatt an eilit a loim, BNnÉ 29 § 34 . Fig. of a fertile land: muidh go loim vessel full of milk, Ó Bruad. ii 128.12 . In phr. loimm tonnaid, a kenning for blood Stud. Celt. xxxv 304-5 : fúair lat loimm tonnaid, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 18 § 2 .

Compd. ¤linn: luimlinn .i. linn leamhlachta, O'Cl. ¤fhuil: beid leat linnte lomfhala 'you will have pools of gushing blood', BDC 234.190 . See l.¤fola above. Cf. 1 laime.

lúathrinde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúathrinde or dil.ie/30864

 

n (cf. 1 rind) Name of an ornament or motif in engraving: plectas .i. lamrinda nó luathrinda .i. ligatura inter diuersas picturas ( 3 Reg. vii 29 ), Thes. i 1.30 . foscerd īarom imonsech fo c[h]osmailess lūathrinde, Corm. Y 323 = Corm. 13 s.v. Coire brecain. tréde nemthigedar sáer: dlúthud cen fomus, cen fescred, lúd lúadrinna, béimm fo chommus, Triads 118 . luaithrindi ainm in renna sin, Ériu v 72.20 (where lúaith and 1 lúath are given as alternatives for the first element). See xi 54 . ? luathrainn .i. luaittear a rannaib, O'Cl.

saebchoire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saebchoire or dil.ie/35884

 

Forms: sáebhchoire, sáebchore

n (saeb+coire) lit. `eddying cauldron', whirlpool, maelstrom : sáebhchoire gl. uorago, Ir. Gl. 938 . srothsaobha .i. sáobhchoire .i. coire tuaithbhil bhios ar muiribh no ar uisgeadhaibh, O'Cl. Coire Brecāin .i. saobhc[h]oire mōr fuil eter Ērind ┐ Albain . . . .i. comruc na n-ilmuire, Corm. Y 323 . itá sóebchore sainraedach i mmedon in tsrotha sin, LU 2113 ( FA 18 = saébchoiri, LB). inna sáebchore (g p.) gl. Syrtium, BCr. 34b9 ( Thes. ii 24 ). dia mbattar forin aiccén . . . co facattar . . . na saobhchoiredha dubha dermora, BNnÉ 62 § 84 . fiuchadh na saobhcoired, ib. Cf. Lism. L. 3618 . Transf. of a whirling crowd: an saobhchoire sáruightheach siabhartha (of devils), TSh. 1975. 6680 .

saebchuithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saebchuithe or dil.ie/35886

 

x (saeb+cuithe) = saebchoire: saebchuithi mor fil itir Erinn ┐ Albain (of Coire Brecáin), Dinds. 145 ( RC xvi 157 ). cethri mara . . . | teclait isin sáeb-chuithe, Metr. Dinds. iv 80.8 . isna saebchuthib (of a river), Alex. 681 .

1 techt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 techt or dil.ie/40269
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: techta, téicht, teicht, techte, techtae, techta, teachta, teacht, teachta, téacht, teachtain

n ā, f. vn. of 1 téit, later of do-icc, do-tét (see 1 dul, 1 tocht, tíacht, tuidecht). Also techta, Metr. Dinds. iii 232.75 (pl., Gloss.). CRR 36.18 . TBC-LL¹ 4595 . IGT Decl. ex. 1139 . Dán Dé vii 24 . téicht, Thes. ii 296.3 . teicht, 9 . g s. techte, Wb. 13c8 . techtae, Ml. 16c12 . 32c17 . techta, 102c5 . LU 2150 . teachta, TSh. 5287 . teacht, teachta m., IGT Decl. § 95 , § 2 , (? to 2 techt). téacht (: bhréantas), Hackett xvi 6 . teachtain, A. Ó Dálaigh l 14 (see Dinneen ).

I act of going (frequently with prepp.).

(a) t.¤ ┐ tairisem ┐ suide, Ml. 15a1 . oca t.¤ `as he went,' 58c4 . techtae gl. abeundi, 120d17 . t.¤ ar chenn crist, Wb. 25d25 . tect fo smachtu rechto, 19d11 . re t.¤ fo bathis, Tur. 55 . t.¤ doib huili fo recht nimdibi, Ml. 81d5 . ni coir á t.¤ fo culḟiacli (of the Host), Thes. ii 255.18 . t.¤ innar corp for nem, Wb. 15c22 . bás ... du t.¤ forru that they should die, Ml. 139c3 . t.¤ for culu `go backwards,' 129d3 . cuingid techta a doinmigi hi soinmigi `to pass from adversity into prosperity,' 102c5 . re t.¤ i ndoiri, 80d9 . 82c2 . t.¤ isna imratiu, 15a2 . t.¤ hi piana, 94b3 . issí a bríg liumsa a techtae som huaim `their going from me,' 117d4 . muir dar cricha rothriall t.¤ , SR 7767 . a t.¤ úaim that I should lose it, LU 9134 (FB). amal bid do th.¤ secha, IT i 72.14 . fri teacht as ┐ ind `for passing out and in,' Ériu xii 154.z . oc imchossnam techta ar thossaig, LU 8260 (FB). E. ... do th.¤ co bethaid ... na ṅgénti `is perverted to the life ... of the pagans,' PH 6554 . tuidecht ille, t.¤ inond, Fianaig. 32.13 . rot-ba t.¤ tuidecht ar thir, Ériu vii 222.1 . ria techta `before disappearing (?),' Metr. Dinds. iii 232.75 , and Gloss. teacht fa mhúith a muigh neamhdha `to leave ... the Heavenly Plain,' Dán Dé xiv 13 . t.¤ is na manchuib become monks, BCC 262.5 .

(b) act of dying : tussu do th.¤ ar thuus, SR 2040 . fúaratar bás, nar thimm techt `which was no light departing,' Metr. Dinds. iii 68.43 and Gloss. ? nim thi bās for feacht | ro firthar mo theacht, IT iii 54.8 . Cathal ... do th.¤ la Ruaidhri, RC xvii 415.10 = do mharbhadh, AFM ii 918.12 = do thuitim, AU ii 34.21 .

(c) With poss. or foll. gen. (corresponding to the accus. after 1 téit, q.v.) : a t.¤ to cross it (a stream), TBC-LL¹ 1583 . iar t.¤ graidh after entering orders, ZCP xiii 20.22 . Cf. ri t.¤ gráid foir, Wb. 28b32 . irlim do th.¤ martre, 7b5 . 13c8 . Cf. t.¤ im martrai, PH 1810 . do th.¤ slógaid to go on a hosting, SR 6418 . ba samlaid bad chóir a th.¤ (slúagad), TBC-LL¹ 456 . Cf. inna thect `in so going,' Wb. 11b22 . Note also : a t.¤ bas ind that he should die therefor, Trip.² 443.

(d) With co, dochum act of cohabiting with : re t.¤ dochum Bersabae, Ml. 22d17 . t.¤ cosin fer i n-imdaí, IT i 139.13 . adultras ... no t.¤ for coibdeluich `cohabiting with a kinswoman,' Laws i 58.10 Comm.

(e) Gramm. : t.¤ inna geniten in i `the ending of the genitive in -i-,' Sg. 91a1 . ar bá in .is. ba téchte tobarthid do th.¤ , 117a5 . ? Cf. beantur comhfhocal ó thaoibhréim uathaidh ag nach bí taoibhréim iollraidh ga bhfaghthur teachd gaoidheilge, mur tá so : a cCrúachanráith, IGT Introd. 23.19 . as eadh as pearsa lóir ann focal ga mbí teachd gaoidheilge na dhiaigh so `lór,' 27.9 . do dhá phríomhlochd na Gaoidheilge ... mur atá neimhtheachd céille no seirbhe ráidh, 32.7 ; agreement of sense, pronunciation ?

II act of coming : isin técht tánisi `on the second coming,' Wb. 14d3 . bás naill du t.¤ forru, Ml. 139c3 . t.¤ on dithrub | cosin tír, SR 4826 . comartha techta Crist, PH 6821 . dula is teachta don tuile ebb and flow, Dán Dé vii 24 . ní ar cheann teachta tangadar not intending to return (?), TD 24.20 . Cf. do-chuaidh is ní ar ceand techta | ceann eachtra uaibh (of a dead chief), ib. note. teacht go dána síos san troid `to come down bravely into the fight,' Content. xvi 116 . teacht ar faghail d'fhuil M. `to attempt to spoil,' TD 10.11 . ar t.¤ an lae, Stair Erc. 1164 . na Tri Tuatha do t.¤ ina tech submitted to him, Ann. Conn. 1309.2 . See tech. tar éis theacht chum tuigse uilc, Donlevy xv 8 . na neithe adubhradar ... do bheith chum teachda, Acts xxvi 22 . isi forodgart do Fhind a ais do th.¤ foretold his death, Lec. 205a27 . Hence act of growing, growth : tortha na talman uair and ar t.¤ ┐ uair ele gan en raed da t.¤ dibh, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.8 . beag teacht mo shaorchoille, TD 28.10 .

III With prepp. in special idioms.

(a) With ar : t.¤ ar in cathraig `the city overpowered,' TTr. 943 . curis Ragnall techta da iarraid orra diblinaib ... can techt air not to attack him, Ann. Conn. 1366.11 . Cf. teacht isteach go bhfaighir air that you will take advantage of him, ITS iii (1st. ed.) 210.7 . dar smuain teachta ar a thaisibh `thought of visiting his relics,' Dán Dé iv 26 . teacht oram dá gcluinidh-se if you hear discussion about me, Dánta Gr. 95.5 . na facuilse ara ttú ag teachd, IGT Decl. ex. 766 . See (l) infra. teacht don anam ar th'oineach `that my soul depend on thee,' Dán Dé xxii 21.

(b) With as : ria techta as `ere departing,' Metr. Dinds. iv 216 Mag Findabrach 3 . ní fuláir na úghdarais ceudna do bheith 'san eaglais do ghnáth, do bhrígh nach bhfuil teacht as ina n-éagmhuis aice since it cannot do without them, Eochairsg. 77.13 .

(c) With de a being the result of, caused by : a theacht dar chuir sibh orm d'éad `the consequence of the (charge of) envy of which you accuse me,' Content. v 12 . a th.¤ dim bas d'faghail don te ..., Stair Erc. 2549.

(d) With do : teicht do écaib dying , Thes. ii 296.9 . t.¤ do láim to take food, to go to communion : oc t.¤ do laim `at the communion,' Thes. ii 254.14 . as mitidh a n-anmaim De t.¤ do laim, RC xxvi 374.11 . See Ériu i 48 , Reeves Culdees 84 .

(e) With eter : teacht idir dhá thighearna is damhna doimheanma `to stand between two masters,' Studies 1932, 140 § 1 . dá chéad bliadhan d'fhine Ír | ós chionn Bhanbha ... | gan teacht d'aoinfhear eatorra `no other king in between them,' Content. xxx 26 . Irrus ┐ na dúinte ┐ uí Brecáin ... ┐ cenél Aodha iartarach i gcionn a chéile, gan t.¤ eturru ó'n Léim aniar go Cill mic Duach `without a break,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 134.28 .

(f) With fo : na hairberta móra sin do th.¤ fo laim le C. `taken in hand by Caesar,' CCath. 2389 (taidhecht, v.l.).

(g) With fri opposing, resisting : ni do t.¤ re t'aitesc na re t' (fh)orcongra, BB 239b32 . do theacht re a dtreóir `resisting,' TD 9.41 .

(h) With i, etc. : t.¤ i mmes in choimded `to submit to the judgment of the lord,' Ml. 38d1 . 54b2 . t.¤ immi iar sudiu i rréir nAilella submit it to A.'s decision, LU 8214 (FB). á t.¤ i naicdi `its entrance into structure,' Ml. 31d10 . t.¤ na dhál do dhligh gach duine `to pay court to him,' Studies 1919, 73 § 8 . tug dóibh so gan teacht is-teagh that they did not assume kingship, Content. vi 182 . trí neithe nach foil teacht na négmhais san bhaisdedh three things indispensable in baptism, Ó Héodhusa 190.7. na snadhma fa decra dhó | ar techta a tarbha teasdó, IGT Decl. ex. 1139 . t.¤ i dtír to gain a livelihood, see Gadelica 64 , 301 , Desid. s.v. tír . ? To this : mna ler dhóigh a thecht a ttír | ar echtuibh do chóir an chuain, Rel. Celt. ii 230.9 . an mhallmhuir gan t.¤ i dtráigh the sea recedes not, L. Cl. A. B. 234.86 .

(i) With la agreeing with : a-tá ag teacht lér bhfocal `bearing out my words,' PBocht 22.3 . atá betha C.C., cap. 38 ag t.¤ leis sin agrees with that, Mart. Don. 44.19 . ar dteacht Chormaic le cloinn L. `had joined the race of L.', TD 29.8 . teacht le beagán maoine to be content with , Measgra D. 28.33 .

(j) With ó escaping from : ní mé do thuill teacht ón tigh, Timth. vi (1916) 19 § 10 . ar dteacht ón ré dhocruidh dhi `had come through the time of hardship,' TD 15.37 . do theacht slán ... | ón dreim, 16.43 . Also deviating from, giving up : do theachta ón chóir 'n-ar gcoinne | is eachtra do fhóir inne, DDána 10.26 .

(k) With ós : ag t.¤ os taisib Donnchaidh visiting the remains of D., IGT Decl. ex. 1071.

(l) With tar.

(i) going beyond, passing : oc airmirt techta thairis (of a bridge), LU 2150 (FA). iar t.¤ dar equinoctás celebarthar, PH 3511 . re hÍosa is adhbhar móide | teacht tar tuar na Tríonóide `if we do aught but merit God,' Dán Dé xxv 15.

overlooking, ignoring : fó 'n missi ro bris recht réil | foirb, ri techt dar bfor n-amréir 'or is it I who has broken the clear law on you by ignoring your disobedience?', SR (Greene) 5533 .

(ii) transgressing, violating : teacht tar riaghail Dé, Dán Dé xi 26 . is tearc tharrla ... díobh gan teacht tar tiomna, xii 2 . milis é re dteacht dthairis it is pleasant till it is violated (God's rule), DDána 10.10 . Note also : ní bá íarraid and laóch bas tualaing th'ergaire ┐ t.¤ thorut `overcome thee,' TTr.² 767.

(iii) talking about, discussing : teacht thoraibh `relate of thee,' TD 14.31 . gan mheadhair achd teacht tairse with no merriment, but talk of it (?), DDána 68.8 . t.¤ tort a mbrug banchuiri, IGT Decl. ex. 652 . t.¤ tar sgél in chloideimh-se, SG 252.27 .

(m) With tri a being the result of, caused by : na h-uilc-si do th.¤ trit, PH 7791 . seacht bpeacaidh marbhtha ar meallta | deacair m'anma ag teacht trompa (sic leg.), Dán Dé vii 35 . gur tré Chríosd ... chaithfeas gach ní ... do theacht, Donlevy 444.9 .

t.¤ (i m)mudu see madae.

túaim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. túaim or dil.ie/42168
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Tuama, túamaim, tuamand, tuamann

n n, n. bend, arch; mound ; boss of shield Celtica iv 44 . Expl. by O'Cl. as baile, fearann, cloidhe, táobh. Note also tuaim .i. tech no cladh, O'Curry 1471 ( H 3.18, 652 ). P. O'C. gives tuaim .i. taobh `a flank ridge or side .' .i. cladh `a moat mound or bank, a knap, tump or hillock, also a tomb, grave or sepulchre , Lat. tumulus.' .i. baile `a town, a fortress .' .i. fearann `a townland, a farm .' .i. eadan no aghaidh `a front or face .' Orig. `monticule, colline,' whence the other senses are derived, Loth, RC xli 407 . g s. Tuama, Lat. Lives 35.3 . AFM i 44.y . Thua[m]na Grene `of Tuaim Gréne,' Gorm. Oct. 19 = Tuama Gréne, Nov. 1 . d s. túamaim, LU 5975 . ? g p. slan trath triath tuamand dindsain, Leb. Cert. 14.13 = tuamann, BB 267b36 . ? Metr. Dinds. iv 198.26 .

Senbic a t.¤ immais áin `S. from the stead of noble poesy,' Metr. Dinds. ii 16.84 . im th.¤ thaiss `in my poor dwelling,' iii 366.3 . ? tarb túamann `the paddock bull,' iv 198.26 . isedh is crich ann gort feoir no arbair, no ard urchur fleasca, ┐ tri deisceimann o tire tuaim, O'Curry 2330 ( Eg. 88, 25 (26)d ) = tri deisceimenna o thir a tuaim, O'Curry 1713 ( 23 Q 6, 17a ) = a trí descemenna ó tiri tuaim, O'D. 1567 ( H 5.15, 4a ). Cf. tuaim .i. timchuairt a thire, ut est dligid a .iii. dia dil ... ina thire tuaim, O'Dav. 1534 , `enceinte de la propriété délimitée ou défendue par une palissade ou fossé avec remblai,' Loth. do t.¤ adhnacail si, do tora torc allaidh dia saighidh, go ros tochla burial-place , BNnÉ 325.18 . cethair traigid fichet fott in damasnai, ocht traigid eter a thūaim ┐ talmain the ox-rib was twenty-four feet long, with eight feet between its peak and the ground (i.e. when standing on the two ends), ZCP xiii 373.21 (cf. iii 460.12 ). ?dosrat hi tuaim immon deil | roscacht cen huail, cen ergail (of Goliath terrorising Israel), SR 5785.

In phrases: docuirither cach ae i tuaimm aroli amail orceil [tairrechtae] against each other (of seas meeting), Corm. 13 Coire Brecain = i tūaim alaile, Corm. Y 323 = co cuir cach dib im thuaim araile `each of them hurls itself round another's place,' RC xvi 158.2 `(se) pousse autour de la place de l'autre', Loth. musluid cach dib i tuaim in aroile (of cattle), RC xv 308.11 . oc airimbert gascid hi túamaim a scéith protected by his shield (?), LU 5975 = oc airbert gaiscid hi tūaimim a scēith (`in a fence (?) of his shield,' Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1507 = tarrasair mac Da Lóth co trián in lái i t.¤ a sceith ic folmaisse gona Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 2125 (perh. the umbo of the shield, Loth). a tuaim a sgeith .i. a n-inadh a scéith, O'Dav. 187. a ttuaim a sgéith, Cath MT 894 . ? is lem dofeidbair hi tuaim inn eouin, IT i 139.22 .

Note also: gu tuaim treabainn gac treabaid, BB 36b55 = co tuaim trebaind cach trebaib, Lec. 282 va24 . tennis in tuaím tuathramut, BB 380b12 . moid no da thoib tuill tuáim i timargar ith, LL 116a37 . turclai tolsum tuaim tinnsaighidh itir glasaib geillfine, 393a3 .

Frequ. in placenames (in some cases in meaning ` burial mound, tumulus ,' Loth), see Hog. Onom. Cf. Dind Rīg, | rūad tūaim tenbai `eine rote flammende Feuerwand' (.i. clodh, gloss), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 7 § 1 (T.¤ Tenba was the old name of Dind Ríg, see Metr. Dinds. ii 50.5 , 52.5 , ZCP iii 8.18 , etc.).