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ballán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ballán or dil.ie/5304
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m. (ball ?) a type of drinking vessel (poss. round), vessel for holding drink: bōge dana ainm do ballān beg i mbītis cōic uṅgi óir, sech nobīd fri hōl sainlenna as. . . . Inde dicitur isna Brethaib Nemed: `ballān baissi bōige cōic n-uṅga [bānōir], Corm. Y 142. ballān . . . .i. fūath dercon bīss fair. . . Ballān . . . īan duine beill .i. duine t[h]rōigh, 167 . ballān .i. bill-īan .i. īan bec, 179 . ballān .i. īan mbille .i. lobair, 187 . ballan a mbi baindi loma, IT iii 88 § 108. Bruchst. 34 § 79. ballan bec bocht, Irish Texts i 27 § 19 (`the frailest vessel', Hermathena ci 31). in b.¤ dia ro chan C. . . . Ballan barrglas, LL 370c y - z 0 . tabairt in ballain do, Goid. 93.19 = sinum, 17 . do ibedh as b.¤ na con, SG ii 490.27 . lestar fodlai .i. copana ┐ ballana ┐ milana uma, Laws v 408.17 Comm. ballān dorn, Moling 14 . isin mb.¤ so, Dhá Sg. Art. 1246 (= buidél, 1243). b.¤ Barruinde, name of a spring, BCC 134.23 (§ 133) . ? a gerḟile icait ballaín a cendide cran, IT iii 85 § 78. Fig. ag diúl díoghraise . . . a b.¤ bheannuighthe na sláin-íce, TSh. 881. On use in nn. loc. see Galvia vi 50 - 59 .

blichtmaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blichtmaire or dil.ie/6143

n [, f.] (blichtmar) lactiferousness, abundant yield of milk: sēgamla .i. b.¤ . . . isna Brethaib Neimed: meser būar a sēgamlai .i. . ara mb.¤ , Corm. Y 1135.

breth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breth or dil.ie/6758
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: brith, -e, breith, breith, -e, breith

ā, f. vn. of beirid. O. Ir. also brith i (with g s. in -e) (?), see GOI § 294 (b) , 727 . Later usually breith (d s. form). breith, f. g s. -e, IGT Decl. § 14 (69.6) . breith, Verbs § 13 . m., Beatha S. F. 1088 ; but breath in the sense `judgement´, Ériu lviii 154 ..

(a) act of carrying, bearing : fer brithe lésboiri gl. acolitum, Wb. 25d3 . asrous iarom a brith they were unable to bring it (a small pig), LU 1743. tōet nech ūaib . . . dia brith to carry it (a vessel of milk), ZCP viii 310.9 . a corp du brid taris syr da adhnacud `his body was borne eastwards over sea', Ann. Inisf. 1260.4 . teachtaire . . . / re breith sgéal `to bring messages', Dán Dé xiv 1 .

(b) act of bearing, bringing forth; parturition, birth : b.¤ et altram , Wb. 10b1 . óg re mbreith cen chuit cleithe, / óg i n-aimsir fírbreithe `a virgin before bearing', Blathm. 639 - 40 . co mbeba dot breith (: chleith) / do mathair, LL 18503. ar thrumme inna brithe, 33190 ( Fraech 107 ). saer bru beiris brith `that brings forth', Laws iii 312.20 Comm. mar mhnaói ag breith = that travaileth, Isaiah xiii 8. re linn beirthe Chríost, Keat. i 46.23 . breith . . . ar Slánuightheora, Donlevy 448.10 . glasgeg darach fo brith `the green branch of an oak in bearing', RC xxiv 196 § 11 (see Cín Chille Cúile 99-100 n. 117 ). deich nuain do breith in aoínḟecht d'aon chaoiridh, AFM iii 608.7 . Med. womb : dortadh fola . . . on breith (= matrix, Vocab.), Rosa Angl. 26.3 . no a muchad na breithe ac mnaim suffocatio hysterica (see Gloss.), 92.3 .

(c) act of carrying away, taking (with one) (opp. of tabart), Frequ. with LA with ref. to logical subject of vn. phr. In physical and abstract senses: mad fíu lib mo ainechsa do breith less, Wb. 14a4 . a b.¤ ┐ a tabairt `its taking and its giving', Laws iv 48.1 Comm. nir lam didu nech do feraib Herenn a b.¤ leis `durst carry him away', RC xxiv 190.15 . rinn a bhaise do bhreith lais, Dán Dé xv 33 . gorta dom brith, Irish Texts i 35.26 . mórán . . . nach feudfadaois do bhreith leó (= non potestis portare, Joh. xvi 12 ), Eochairsg. 14.17 .

(d) act of carrying off, securing, winning (a game, etc.): breith nó caill na glóire `the gaining . . . of the glory', Donlevy 186.7 . fá bhreith . . . na maithiosa saoghaltha (= gain in Span. text), Desid. 2762. in ferann uile do breith don ingín a dualgus bancomarbais `all the land is obtained by the daughter', Laws iv 40.20 Comm. See díriuch, techtugad. Note also: sdíoma bruit h'eich imtheachduigh / dá breith dhuit re ndonnchorcair you prefer the fringe of your horsecloth to (a) crimson (robe) (?), IGT Decl. ex. 121.

(e) act of carrying off, away (from, etc. with meaning limited by prepp.): inna fecheman .i. do breith neich assom (dobreithnechtassom, MS.) gl. depraedationi . . . creditorum, Ml. 127b1 . mo máthair do brith a cacht to take . . . from bondage, Ériu iv 98.2 . ar iss ed a cert-som a findtid do breith ar fine (Comm.) `to hold their family-land against the fine', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 151 .z . brith in chísa út díbh, RC xxvii 294 § 58. ní inchoisget sidi ní iarna ṁbrith onaib rannaib frisṁbiat `after being taken from the parts of speech', Sg. 202b3 . dot breithsiu úanna `to carry thee off from us', Mon. Tall. 153.27 . nir' āil dōib a thaissi do brid dō ūaithib, ZCP iii 35.9 . cia forúair a mbreith chucca? `who caused them to be brought to her?' Metr. Dinds. iii 386.11 . mo breith co hArdmacha (my body) to be carried to A., Cog. 200.26 . A. . . . dom breth co sid sogar `A. . . . to bear me to gainful peace', Gorm. Aug 29. ba cōru ind eich uccu[t] do breith dond espug, ZCP viii 106.22 . narbo cuman lia muintir si a breith leo do Cill Dara `did not remember to bring it (sc. a flitch of bacon) with them to K.', Thes. ii 339.15 . ind aiccend do brith for antepeneuilt `the bringing . . . on', Sg. 216b1 . iarna breith sech ingru / for dindgnu secht nime, Fél. Ep. 119. da breith for nem to bring it (sc. the soul) to heaven, ACL iii 216.6 . a mbrith i ndoiri `to carry them into slavery', Ml. 33c13 . dod b.¤ i tech péne `to bring thee into the house of pain', Ériu ii 222.7 . dia mbreith in óitith `to bring them (back) into youth', Sg. 63b6 . gá breith a ceann choinghleaca (a horse), IGT Decl. ex. 1187.

With DO, FRI act of referring (to): a brith do israheldaib `its reference to the Israelites', Ml. 36c20 . 36c21 . 37a10 . á brithe do iudaib `of its reference to the Jews', 37a6b . a mbrith fri corpu peccatorum `to refer to etc.', Wb. 13d4 . a brith frisa ndliged remeperthe, 23c11 .

(f) bre(i)th for (ar) act of catching up on, overtaking : drem . . . do breith forro i mB. `came up with them at B.', Ann. Conn. 1260.14 . ticedh sī do breit a mbethaidh orum `let her come if she would find me alive', ZCP vi 99.14 . go bhfanfaidis re sgéala do bhreith ortha for news to reach them, Celt. Rev. x 142.14 . ba geis do flaithibh Temrach eirge ngreine do breith forra alla astigh do shecht múraibh na T., BNnÉ 324 § 39 . iar mbreith do chéd tosach an geimhridh ┐ don oidhche fa da fair `when . . . the beginning of winter . . . has set in', AFM v 1792.16 . oibre . . . ar nach fuil breith uair oile for which no other time can be found, Parrth. Anma 2411. ní fhuil breith air gan díommbuaidh gcatha do bheith ort `there is no avoiding defeat for thee', Keat. iii 936. fa bheith . . . ag breith amuigh ar an Eagluis Romhanaigh censuring (?) the Roman Church (lit. catching out ), Luc. Fid. 2818. ag breith ar láimh ar Dh. taking D. by the hand, Desid. 638.

(g) act of judging, deciding; judgment, legal ruling, interpretation: immess fírían do brith for cach, Ml. 103c15 . bím do bhreith le bior an troighigh / nach reic[h] cion an oinigh orm, IGT Decl. ex. 812. Frequ. in figura etymologica: is ón spirut rouiccius brith, Wb. 9b6 . éitset frisin precept et berat brith fuiri gl. diiudicent, 13a11 . berid cách brith for arele gl. suspiciones malae, 29b9 . ber brith étrunn, Ml. 38c28 . á rí beres bretha, Fél. Ep. 416. ag breith breithe, RC xliii 8 § 2. ergc co C. cor-ruca brith fort, Ériu ii 222.4 . a ghníomh do fhlaith béaraidh breith a prince's deeds shall judge him, DDána 91.9 . Note further: na bretha scribatar and in æpistolis , Wb. 17b2 . am gáeth i mbretaib, LU 10287 (TE). cosnum a breithe o ro-sn-uca `to defend his decision when he has given it', Laws v 252.9 . imtiagad breatha ilbruige, 466.15 . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse ┐ screbtra, 452.20 . satharn do brethaib , Críth G. 547. a mbreith údair `in the decision of an author', Leb. Cert. 204.14 . In titles of legal tracts: Breatha Comaithcesa, Laws iv 68 . ZCP xv 315.12 . bretha dein checht, Bretha § 1 . córus breatha neimead, O'D. 2189 (Nero A vii, 132a). See neimed. breith le báidh a partial decision, Content. vi 176. do chuir Molaise do bhreith aithrighe air dul i nAlbain `imposed as penance on him', Keat. iii 1358. ruc Ioseph doib . . . / breith cóir foran-aslingthe interpretation , SR 3270.

(h) In phrases: tuc a b.¤ fen do braigdib dó whatever hostages he wished, RC xviii 274.14 (Tig.). asbert Mugain frisin mbancanti dobérad a b.¤ féin di día mbenad, etc. whatever she liked, LU 4223. fuair Ráth bhoth a breath leannáin `R. obtained its chosen love' (in appointment of prelate), Arch. Hib. i 96 § xii . gon ar breith (sic leg.) dhó (gan air a chumas, v.l.), BNnÉ 158 § 11 (see Éigse ix 272 ). ata gach uile ní ar breith (no comas) don tí creitfes = omnia possib[i]lia sunt cre- denti (note f.), ITS xix 44.22 . ná bíodh ar breith a úabhair `let him not be led by pride' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 26. 219.22. tabhram fad bhreith / . . . / nua na calla `let me put 'neath Thy power', Dán Dé xvi 8 . an maor do bhí ar gach mbaile / tug Brian fa bhreith a dtoile `placed beneath the authority of its folk', Content. v 75. ní nár dhuit dol fár mbreith-ne `to yield to our judgment', vii 16 . Note further: tíachtain tar do breith `to transgress thy judgment', Ériu iv 134.22 .

(i) With various nouns: is fer bret[h]i budi ┐ oirbiri `a man great in thanksgivings and in upbraidings', MacCongl. 87.9 . is cóir buidheachas do bhreith ré Dia `to give thanks to God', Donlevy 6.15 . eolus do breith ann `to find out the way thither', MR 276.14 . breith do roghuin . . . diomoladh na neolghach d'fulang, tar a bheith dorcha air chách preferring , Donlevy xxii 16 . See 1 enech, robud. céim do bhreith tar Chambrens ag cáineadh na n-Éireannach to go a step beyond Cambrensis, Keat. i 40.8 . See léimm. Note further: d'aicsin Dé is ní dom breith buan `to see Him, not to save myself', Dán Dé xxvi 41 .

? b.¤ .i. sith no cain, aprobio a greig, pax uobis a laidin, sith no si[th]cain a gaoidheilg, O'Dav. 323.

Compds. With nouns: a breat[h]aga (: lethḟada) time for judgment, ACL iii 235 § 20. bráthchæi .i. brethcheo ǽi, Corm. 7. re bhreithcheirt a breitheamhan ` justice ', MR 102.16 . ar bhéin re breithionnadh (breitindead, breith fionna, v.ll.) mbreath, LMuimhneach 425.293 . cét mbó mbrethlaind `a hundred well-selected cows' ( Corm. Tr. 26 ), Corm. Y 179. ? Cf. búalann. robae ar brethlaind Midi immuig / M. . . ., Rawl. 164b11 . na brethlaind `in his place of judgment' ( Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 30 ), LL 23969. fāeisidi . . . / cona brethlogad as bind confession . . . with Absolution, ACL iii 237 § 24. F. . . . / barr uas brethraind bithbuadaig, LL 15939. báire breath-sholuis gacha bréithre, MR 108.18 .

With adjj.: buaidh mbreatha (inbetha, v.l.) breathadh- bhail, IT iii 57 § 107.10 . firinne bruinnti, bretheamhanda, breth-fhuaslaictheach ` redeeming ', MR 98.18 . ainm bechtglan (breathglan, v.l.), ITS xxxv 94 § 11 .

1 búas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búas or dil.ie/7292

n ā, f. See Gwynn, Hermathena xxiv 60 ; Thurneysen, ZCP xx 381.

(a) stream, flow, gush (of water): ron tart a brága cen buais, LL 21168 `his throat dried up without water (?),' Bodl. Dinds. 39. cath Buasi co mbuais (: cluais), LL 6760 ( RC xxix 212 § 17 ). tecait co húais, ra gním ngle, / secht srotha, búais cen búaidre `in an untroubled gush', Metr. Dinds. iii 288.14 .

(b) Fig. of poetry expld. as art, knowledge: būas .i. āi, Corm. Y 199. buss (sic) .i. ai, H 3.18, 65a7 . bues .i. sofis, 633b24 . buas .i. sofis naircetail .i. arinni thic imbas iar mbuais, inde dicitur barr buaise, 64c26 . gur 'lus būas bang na Bōinde (B. na f.) .i. guribh sé an elada do bhí 'sna cnāibh imais, ZCP v 489 § 10. erraind nais a sruth buais .i. is uais ind rann fil ocum ar imbud mo dagḟessa .i. ollamnas `from the stream of science', RC xxvi 24 § 80 ( LL 24462 ). būas (leg. B., Thurn. loc. cit.) .i. soes n-arc[h]etail (imais add. , LB, note 2) arinní dothēt imbas īar mbuais (leg. mB., Thurn.). Inde dicitur isna Brethaib Nemed: `barr būaise', Corm. Y 148. Corm. 8. soillsighis sruthlinn mbarr mbuais buadhchu, Anecd. ii 75.11 .

pn As name of river Bush and in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom. B. (one of the rígusci Érenn), BDD² 1460. ó Buais co Commur Trí nUsce, Ériu vi 147.18 . d'Inbiur Buasse bruchtait srotha, Todd Nenn. 266.7 .

buidechus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buidechus or dil.ie/7357

n o, [m.] = 2 buide: ag gach nech do dénadh a ríar ┐ a ro-buidhechus, BNnÉ 247 § 199 . crann gan bhláth, gan bhuidheachus which gives no return (?), O'R. Poems 3036 ` ripeness ', Gloss. do b.¤ . . . A. to thank A., Alex. 374. cuirn . . . / dleghait buideachus, IT iii 91 § 128. doghnidh b.¤ mor, CCath. 6000. gan bhuidheachas do fen `with no thanks (i.e. without effort) to himself', TTebe xvii 10 . gach file . . . dod bhuidheachas is grateful to thee, DDána 114.36 . re mac A. . . . / rug buidheachas a bhronnaidh, 81.6 . ber b.¤ rium-sa, ZCP vi 30.11 . buidheachas do thabhairt do Dhia, Donlevy 16.11 . is b.¤ lium na grasa I am thankful for the favours, Fier. 221. buidheachas do Dhia = gratias Deo, TSh. 9021 = laus Deo, RSClára 32a . gníomha . . . buidheachais = thanksgiving , Donlevy 258.20 . mar chomhartha buidheachais, Keat. ii 39. formolta . . . na filed, ar n-a mb.¤ do brethaib . . . triath `which are remunerated', MR 190.5 . dada baodhachais, Ó Bruad. i 60 § 20. na neithe tré dtuille a bhuidheachas, Desid. 6030 `through which you earn his good will', ZCP xvii 211 . ? in būidhechus, Celtica i 196.1158 ` benignity ', 204 .

1 dechor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dechor or dil.ie/14907

Forms: dechor, dechur, dechur, dechor, -ur, ndechor, nduchur, dechor, dechur, duchur, dechor, dechur, dechuir, dechoir, dechur, dechvr, dechor, dechraib, deochoir, deuchur, dechraib, deochair, dechraib, dechair, dechraib, dechoir, dechair, deccair, deochoir, deochair, deocair, deoch-, dechair, deochoir, deochair, dechraib

n o, n. GENDER AND INFL. Oir. neut. Wb dechor, dechur. Mil only dechur. Sg dechor, -ur. n s. preceded by neuter of the article: a ndechor , Wb. 13 c 26 . Sg. 107 b 1 . 183 a 2 . a nduchur (sic), Ml. 115 a 2 . Followed by neutral n-: dechur naisndissen, Ml. 114 a 14 . dechor mbindiusa, Sg. 23 a 2 . d.-or netarru, 38 a 8 . d.-or nuird, 41 b 7 , 10 . d.-or naimsire, 146 b 15 . combed dechur eter ṅdán ulla, ib. 45 b 19 . Referred to with ed: Ml. 24 d 25 . 115 a 2 . Sg. 107 b 1 . n s. dechor, Wb. 13 c 26 . PCr. 62 a 3 . Sg. 3 a 11 . 27 a 9 . 41 b 10 . 59 a 17 . 163 b 10 . 185 b 1 . 197 a 13 . 201 a 3 . 212 a 13 . dechur, Wb. 12 c 43 . 13 c 26 (thrice). 33 c 10 . Ml. 26 b 1 . 114 a 14 . duchur, Ml. 115 a 2 . —a s. dechor, Wb. 7 d 10 . Sg. 6 b 2 . 28 a 7 . 61 a 24 . 220 b 6 . dechur, Wb. 10 b 21 . 13 c 26 . 33 c 18 . Ml. 56 b 33 . 69 a 19 . 138 c 1 .—g s. dechuir, Sg. 38 a 2 . 173 a 8 . 212 a 13 . dechoir, 55 b 5 .—d s. dechur, Wb. 13 b 26 . Ml. 24 d 26 . 72 c 9 . dechvr, Sg. 205 a 3 . dechor, ib. 28 a 13 . 61 b 3 . 147 a 1 . 198 a 5 .— d p. dechraib, Ml. 125 d 7 .—MID.-IR. fem.: basí deochair lasna fianna, LU 86 b 4 f.b. Now pronounced and written deochoir with u-timbred ch ( duchur, Ml. 115 a 2 , perhaps = deuchur). The constant spelling dechraib in d p. points to a-timbred ch in syncopated forms (i.e. in pl.). Compare the following rhymes from SR: sg. deochair: feochair, SR 4815 , 6813 . deochain, 4533 . fleochaid, 7115 ; but pl. dechraib: debthaig, 6537 . cethraib, 3007 . Rhymes like (cen) dechair: brethaib , LL 155 a 11 ; (cen) dechair: Mechair, ib. 353 a 43 , point to a-timbred ch (due to the analogy of the pl.). Of the o-inflexion no trace is left. sg. indec. deochoir, pl. †dechrai, dat. dechraib. n s. dechoir, LL 170 a 29 . dechair, SR 1255 . 1330 (if not gen.). 7947 . Rawl. 46 b . deccair, CCath. 2051 . deochoir, Hib. Min. 17. 5 . deochair, LU 86 b 4. f.b. LL 189 b 59 . SR 1251 . Laws ii 200. 12 . deocair, BB 319 b 5 . deoch-, Hib. Min. 8 l. 267 ; 9 l. 291 . LB 111 a 39 .—a s. dechair, LL 353 a 43 . 155 a 11 . deochoir, Otia i 116 . deochair, LL 10 b 40 . deoch-, LB 111 a 13 .—d s. deochair, LL 157 b 2 . SR 1278 . —d p. dechraib, SR 3007 . 6537 . 7261 .

ORIGIN: A cpd. of dĕ- and cor, vn. of cuirithir, a neuter like dechor. The distinction made between dí-chor and de-chor points to dis- as the origin of de-, v. prep. 1 de, di (Origin).

SENSES: Deochair .i. dealugad, Lec. Gl. 265 . deachair .i. dealughadh. ar nach deachradh .i. nach dealaigheadh, O'Cl. deochair .i. eidirdheiliughadh, ib. deachair .i. dearsgugadh. dealbh an chruim dór do dheachair .i. do dearsgaich, ib. (Synon. derscugud, CCath. 2051 v.l.).

I The condition of being different; difference, dissimilarity, diversity. Also a point in which things differ . In the Glosses frequently translating Lat. differentia ( Ml. 24 d 25 . Sg. 6 b 2 . 23 a 2 . 28 a 7 . 28 a 13 . 41 b 7 . 55 b 5 . 61 b 3 . 185 b 1 . 197 a 13 . 212 a 13 ), Lat. distinctio ( Wb. 12 c 43 ), Lat. diuersitas ( Ml. 26 b 1 ), and referring to Lat. diuersus ( Sg. 38 a 8 . 147 a 1 ), Lat. discernere ( Sg. 26 b 8 ), Lat. alternatio. Often joined to ailidetu, cumscugud, eterderscnugud and the like. The objects or persons compared are introduced by eter (by gen. SR 1330 . LB 111 a 39 ), the thing or person compared with by fri (Mid.-Ir. la, LB 111 a 39 ), the point of comparison is put in gen., very seldom introduced by i n- ( Wb. 12 c 43 ).

(a) usually of things and abstracts: differentia, gl. dechor, Sg. 212 a 13 . 197 a 13 . ib. 3 a 11 . 26 b 8 . 107 b 1 . 201 a 3 . Ml. 115 a 2 . co fessed dechoir na pian, Otia i 116 (same phrase Wb. 13 c 26 ). d.¤ eter: a ndechur feil ettarru, Wb. 33 b 18 . d.¤ eter corpu nemdi ┐ corpu talmandi ┐ d.¤ etur corpu nemdi immanetar &c. (six times), ib. 13 c 26 . tadbat d.¤ fil eter lánamnas ┐ ógi, 10 b 21 . etir deacht ┐ dóinacht, Ml. 26 b 1 (transl. Lat. diuersitas). Ml. 24 d 25 . 56 b 33 . 72 c 9 . Sg. 38 a 8 . 45 b 19 . 163 b 10 . 173 a 8 . 185 b 1 . conroib ailidetu ┐ dechor etir in dí sillaib, 59 a 17 . Lat. indifferenter, gl. ní bi d.¤ eter diall nanmann ┐ pronominum , 27 a 9 .— cati dechoir etir in argumaint ┐ in titail, Hib. Min. 8. 264 . ib. 17. 5 ; 9. 21 . Laws ii 200. 12 . Rawl. 46 b . SR 7947 . ba sí d.¤ lasna fianna etir orgain ┐ maidm, LU 86 b 4 f.b. = H 3.18, 531 . —dechor + fri: ar ní fil ní frisa mbed a ndechor, Sg. 183 a 2 . ib. 38 a 2 . ní écen d.¤ fri céssad, PCr. 62 a 3 . dechor + i n-: Lat. distinctionem sonituum, gl. mani bée d.¤ isin tsenmuim, Wb. 12 c 43 . dechor + gen.: d.¤ nuird, Sg. 41 b 7 , 10 . d.¤ ceníuil, 61 a 24 . ib. 6 b 2 . 23 a 2 . 220 b 6 . d.¤ naisndissen, Ml. 114 a 14 . lēgo lĕgo dīco dĭco: ata dechor naimsire hi suidib la cumscugud coibedne a difference of quantity (sic transf.), Sg. 146 b 15 . d.¤ delbha, CCath. 2051 .

(b) of persons: d.¤ tadbat som itir dóini ┐ idlu, Ml. 138 c 1 . ní biad d.¤ etir firu sídi ┐ doene olchena, LL 170 a 29 . dá óclach...ní bí d.¤ ná eterderrsgnugud delbha etarru, CCath. 2051 .

II The action of distinguishing or discriminating; a distinction, discrimination . rogabad do d.¤ etir deacht ┐ dóinacht maicc, Ml. 24 d 26 . do d.¤ úirt, Wb. 13 b 26 . differentiæ causa .i. do d.¤ etir anmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid, Sg. 61 b 3 . ib. 147 a 1 . do d.¤ fri alaili, 198 a 5 . fri prænomina aili, 28 a 1 . opp. confusio, 205 a 3 . dobér in nubull duit do deochair maith ┐ uilcc, SR 1278 . — differentiae causa .i. ar dechor etir, &c., Sg. 28 a 7 . .i. ar accuis dechoir, 55 b 5 . 212 a 13 .— deochair eter maith is olc, SR 1251 . 1255 . 1330 . MacCarthy 54. 6 . d.¤ maithiusa la hulc, ib. 54. 27 . d.¤ do dénom to make a difference or distinction: mógi sidi uili do Dia acht dorigénsat in descipuil d.¤ etarru, Wb. 7 d 10 .—cen dechur without distinction, glossing Lat. indifferenter, Ml. 69 a 19 . cen dechair, LL 155 a 11 . 353 a 43.

III An alteration, a change , transl. Lat. alternatio. Syn. cumscugud.admiratio diuinae potentiae in alternationibus trancellitatis atque procellarum .i. isnaib ildechraib ón, Ml. 125 d 7 .

IV Distinction, excellence, eminence . atchuala ríg co ṅgus glan i fus for tír Tuadmuman: clí co ndeochair chuchta cain, LL 157 b 2 . Closely related to I, cf. Wb. 33 c 10 : de Melchisedech de Christo .i. a dechur fri sacartu fetarlicce.

V Instances from SR not mentioned above.

(a) d p. dechraib: dá macc déc...Iacoib húi Abaráim cona dechraib in cach threib cona cethraib máthrechaib with their differences in each tribe, SR 3007 . iar ṅdechraib doib díni dé: debthaig immon nárdríge 'according to their differences' ZCP x 380 . (viz. the eleven tribes under Ispas from the tribe of Judah) they fought for the high-kingship, 6537 . rí roeirn...cosmailius co sainigud...do híascaib snáit i srothaib do dechraib gotha na nén ┐ a crotha comthrén variety, 7261 .

(b) sg. deochair: na fográid ann (sc. isin tabernacuil) fria ndeochair: na deochain na suibdeochain: fri annad caindle gním cert fri tairbe fri timthirecht at their various occupations, 4533 . deochair tria blait, 4815 . Dauid ba bibdu rechta...dḟis trialla deochair dochath Fiadu fris feochair fergach, 6863 . bái tart for túaith nIsrahél. ní relic deochair Dia dil broen fleochaid dóib do noebnim, 7115 . ticfa fleochud fuilide asind níul...truag deochair diar cuirib ne línfaid inn huili ṅdomon, perh. a woeful change or difference, 8031 .—Other instances: Eochaid...delbas deochair a degrand, LL 10 b 40 ( deabhas d. a ndeadh rand, BB 33 b 25 .). deochair álainn aturo na ndís brec sróin bil, SG 90. 15 . Fél. Apr. 13 v.l.—itiat so tra na togla .i. Trechúairt (v.l. Treochair, Anecd. ii 45. 16 ) Tigi Lir...┐ Deochair (v.l. Deoair, Harl. Anecd. l.c. ) Tige Cathbath, LL 189 b 59 (meaning obscure, the tale being lost; Treochair if right points to a cpd. with de- `two'). As to dechraib, BB 204 b 18 , Todd Nenn. 136. 3 , see deccair.

2 dílachtae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dílachtae or dil.ie/16375

ind adj glossed as if from dí + lacht: forrúair dubu Delgae dilachtai, LL 123a25 (Nuallguba Emire). bit brōnaig delguin dilactai, b26 . deil .i. sine bó, unde dicitur isna Brethaib Neimeth: co mba de (dó, LB) dilachtae del, Corm. Y 430 = co mbi de dilachtad deil, O'D. 2203 (Nero A vii, 141a). co ndeil diliucht | o dela co droind (of the bull Findbennach), IT iii 246 . bleogan o dubaib dilachtaib .i. ar adbul lacht na bo duibe, O'Curry 2240 ( Eg. 88, 17 (18)c ).

do-glen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-glen or dil.ie/17740

Forms: toglenamon

v (*to-glen-) clings, cleaves, adheres to: unde dicitur isna Brethaib Nemeth: d.¤ gil tengaid, Corm. Y 676 . ní toighlen bá don iarraid `no profit from the fosterage fee clings (to her)', O'Dav. 279 = ní d.¤ , Laws ii 164.8 Comm. na toglen somaine collna set, ii 336.6 .i. noco deglenand ni don flaith do shomaine a set, 11 Comm. co na toiglen ni a fiacla as oc a gleith `that no part of (the earth) sticks to their teeth while grazing', iv 96.19 . na toiglean dris na droigean . . . na homan a moing . . . that no briar, etc. sticks in its mane, 276.10 Comm. Hence pursues: atfiadhat febh doglenta `they relate how they had been pursued', Hugh Roe 100.20 . Vn. toglenamon. See ? dofoglen.

ebrón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ebrón or dil.ie/19352

Forms: eabhron

n (1) iron: ebron .i. iarnd, ut est isna Brethaib Nemed: ebron ima muinither meirg, Corm. Y 536 . ebrón .i. iarann, O'Dav. 773 . gle fo erc n-ebron .i. toingfe fo nem, ni ba geall dam an iarand, 1026 . eabron .i. iarann P. O'C.

n (2) a cauldron: ebrón .i. coire, O'Cl. conberbar bracht [i] n-ebron bru, Laws i 140.37 , cf. O'Dav. 1026 . Auraic. 4542 , and see Hermathena xx 62 . eabhron copper or brass, a copper or brass pan or cauldron P. O'C.

2 ferb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ferb or dil.ie/21692
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fearba

n [ā, f.] (see RC viii 498 , xxv 282 and Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 114 ) a blister (raised on the face by satire or moral blemish): f.¤ .i. bolg do cuirethar in duine fora gruadaibh iar n-aír no iar ngúbreith, Corm. Y 584 . fearb .i. bolg fhásas ar aghaidh, O'Cl. fearb .i. bolg, Lec. Gl. 157 . co tuidhich fuil cridhe crōdhai | f.¤ for gruaidhe, ACL iii 295.20 . ferb bolc ut dicitur turcbait ferba fora gruadaib iar cílbrethaib, LU 790 ( ACC 52 ). comdar ferba fulachta for a gruaide iar cil-brethaib , Laws iv 14.30 (glossed: na bolga, 16.6 ). fearba ib. 16.2 (see on these passages, Bergin, Ériu xii 199 ). Cf. fearb (fearbh v.l.) gaoithe (gh. v.l.) `blast of wind' Ir. Monthly 1923, 642 § 22 (poem of 13th or 14th cent.), perh. a fig. use of this word.

filidecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. filidecht or dil.ie/22071
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: filidachtae

n ā, f.

Earlier filedacht, Sg. 213 a 10 , Ml. 46 b 8 ( UR 124 ). (a) the art, office or practice of the `fili'; poetry; also divination (see fili) : f.¤ .i. écsi, Thr. Ir. Gl. 20 , s.v. féle (Corm. LB). hi filedacht in poetry Sg. 213a10 . g s. inna filidachtae Ml. 46b8 . is filideacht ealadnach ropui acu in tan sin et is ierum aricht filideacht osgarda, Auraic. 2464 . f.¤ ┐ brethemnas ┐ recht fer nErend, LU 9777 ( RC vi 165 ). tasfenad breithemnusa ┐ uile filidechta Eirenn, Laws i 16.1 . isna teora brethaib .i. i fenechus ┐ i filidecht ┐ i legend, v 92 Comm . sui litri ┐ sui filidechta ┐ sui bérlai Feine, Corm. Y 970 . i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, 538 . Adna ... ollam Herenn i necsi ┐ i filidecht, Rawl. 107b18 ( RC xxvi 8 ). do bhádar ..., beag nach, trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht almost a third of the men of E. were practising poetry Keat. iii 1227 . can dothéig? ... a hAlbain iar foglaim filidechta, or ind ingen. In fil imbass forósna lat? or M., LU 4526 . la f.¤ ┐ oirfitiud, PH 8337 . do tuathuib fian filidhachta (i.e. of fiction or romance), Anecd. ii 65 . finn-sgéal filidheachta (a fable, folktale), TSh. 7418 . Keat. ii 2336 . Dist. from `bairdne' (the art of the bard) : reim dano .i. re huamma ai a hinni in tan is filideacht, re huam in tan is bairdni .i. ni huaim tomais dligthig, Auraic. 780 . is he augtartas filidechta na ṅGóedel ┐ is hé a hord : dí raínd déc ínti ┐ acept bliadna in cech raind, IT iii 31 . letheneclann na filidhechta dona bardaib, 49 § 90 . go beith 'na ḟile dhó, ┐ go ndéineadh dá leabhar déag na filidheachta, Keat. ii 5196 .

(b) a poetic composition; charm: gl. carmen Ir. Gl. 1002 ; poema 833 . filidechta drúidechta (= incantationes magicas) Lat. Lives 9 .

imgaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imgaire or dil.ie/27577

[n , f.] tending? taking care of?: ar ttocht tar muinchinn muire | d'oirchill a holc d'iomghuire `in the hope of righting (?) her wrongs,' Studies 1921, 76 § 19 . ? To this: do brethaib imgaire (on the care of various helpless persons), O'D. 934 (< H 3.17, col. 658a ) (probably to be read do b. im g.).

léigenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léigenn or dil.ie/29778
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: legend

n o, n. (Lat. legendum) vn. of légaid. n s. a legend , Ml. 84d4 . Originally used only of Latin ecclesiastical learning (as opp. to senchas, fénechas, etc.).

(a) act of studying, reading : ni do legund and docoadsa `it was not to study there that I had come', Wb. 18d6 . ni legend ro llegusa la Petor, 19a6 . ro bá óc legund, Sg. 148a15 . ar legend leo, 8 . is huise a legend gl. legendus, 59b6 . (accentum . . . acutum) . . . legendo (in grauem conuertitur) .i. o légund .i. hi filedacht in reading, 213a10 . a tanic do néblégund a tír do legund `to read whatever sacred reading had come into the country', Mon. Tall. 136.21 (§ 25) . mac becc oc léigiunn a tṡalm la Mael ruain, Fél. 12.12 . fri toeb legind mic Coin [Ulad] in addition to the instructing of Cú Ulad's son, Misc. Arch. Soc. 146.6 .

Attrib. g s. áes léiginn clerical students ; learned monks, teachers ( Church Org. in Ir. 344 ): ind áisso gráid et legind `the clergy and students', Wb. 29a13 . in t-oes graid don ernaigthi / . . . / oes legind do forcetul, LB 261b49 = YBL 408b42 . a llán di lebraib .i. dia tudecht do áes légind to instruct students in them, LU 9638 ( ZCP iii 210.20 ). both léiginn cell, study : ainm do boith légind, LU 1146 ( ACC 122 ). fer léiginn professor of sacred scripture and theology in a monastic school, often a bishop, abbot or `airchinnech' (see below). Colgan, Trias Thaumaturga, translates as Scholasticus, seu Lector Ardmachanus, Trias Thaum. p. 298 = fer leiginn Aird Macha, AU i 524.z (A.D. 1012). Archischolasticus, seu supremus Moderator scholae Ardmachanae, ibid. = ardfer leiginn Aird Macha, AU i 596.17 (A.D. 1056). Taicthech . . . fer leginn Aird Macha quieuit , Ann. Inisf. 808 (cf. dormitatio Toictich, abbatis Ard Machae, AU 809 ). sai litri .i. in ti ac ata saidecht na litri .i. in fear leginn, Laws v 102.8 Comm . dorat . . . rí Erenn deich mbú cecha bliadhna . . . do fer leiginn Ard Macha . . . ar leighinn do dhenamh do macaibh leighinn Erenn, AU ii 160.x , z 0 . ro-fer leighinn do bhí na espuc a Ráth bhoth, ALC ii 224.2 . ro chinnset clérigh Ereann na badh fer leighinn i ccill i nErinn an fer na badh dalta Arda Macha cédus, AFM ii 1146.13 (which Colgan translates sacrae Paginae seu Theologiae Professor, Trias Thaum. p. 309 ). feras léiginn see feras. mac léiginn clerical student : canas tic mac leghind / ticim o Chluain chelbind / iar leghadh mo leghind, IT iii 93 § 142 . a macca lēginn lēgaid, O'Mulc. 688 . mac légind . . . .i. Ninnid scolaige, Three Hom. 76.13 .

(b) reading aloud : éisdecht re l.¤ láinbinn, SG 158.22 . gid cantar na sailm . . . / gé atá léighenn uas in linn, 105.5 . ag radh leghinn isin leabar so, Ériu xi 198.37 .

(c) learning, doctrine : la hógi alt légend `perfection of high studies', Fél. Sept. 26 . mac Mail da lua in leginn léir, 114.18 (= Bruchst. i 58 § 130 ). lēgenn Pātraic, ACL iii 303 § 13. légend Hérenn Ross Ailithre Ireland's centre of learning, Triads 17 . ro alt . . . ind ingen . . . fri légend ┐ gáis ┐ eladain, LL 279a48 ( SG 413.28 ). ar a mhed do ḟilideacht ┐ do bhriathraibh ┐ do legeand rothaisigh, Auraic. 78 . Eo Mugna . . . / dariac[h]t anall ra leas leigind / crand adceas a n-Eirind uill for the benefit of learning(?), Ériu x 82 § 55. léigheann cruaidh, DDána 59.23 . legend na hecluissi, BCC 254.25 (§ 250) . do ghlac an eagluis san ccomhairle Thrionta . . . le leighean S. Auguisdin, Luc. Fid. 3495 . ar órnáid an léighinn ┐ na liteardhachta, Párl. na mB. 139 . See noíbléigenn s.v. noíb.

(d) In Laws (mostly Comm.) written law (as oppd. to that preserved orally): besid n-ecnuigiu .i. i leabruib .i. a leginn, Laws ii 280.14 Comm . deir in leiginn: criminosus criminosum accusare non potest (sic leg.), O'Curry 674 - 5 ( H 3.18, p. 329 ). Cf. O'D. 713 ( H 3.17, col. 521 ) and adeir in lex `qui in possessione (sic leg.) etc.', O'D. 624 ( H 3.17, col. 463 - 4 ). ni fuil in legend cen saire (i.e. all learned in the law are entitled to some degree of nobility), Laws v 102.7 Comm . Differentiated from fénechas: breitheam tri mberla (.i. fenechus ┐ filidecht ┐ legend), 100.18 Comm . breitem teora mbret .i. bret feni ┐ breth filed ┐ breath berla bain bias . . . breitheamh bus eolach isna teora brethaib .i. i fenechus ┐ i filidecht ┐ i legend. . . . Berla bain .i. bus eolach a legind du neoch taidleas feneachus de `who is learned in the written law as far as the feinechus is concerned therewith', 92.16 - 21 Comm . Equated with fénechas: tri cuir . . . nach airmead liubair na Feine .i. im (? in) leigind .i. liubair in feinechais, 438.5 Comm .

(e) text, a reading : ind legind gl. lectionis, Ml. 35a11 . is ed adfet a legend gl. secundum lectionis fidem, 84d4 . i n-immfognam ┐ i ssreith legind `in construction and in order of reading (in a connected text?)', Sg. 30a12 (gl. in lectione). is ed lēgthair 'sind lēgund, ZCP iii 23.32 . legeand, gramadach, is gluas, Auraic. 54 . leighend rochruaidh (of a Latin hymn), BCC 206.33 .

(f) instruction, education, study : ni recar less legind and there is no need for instruction there, Wb. 12c3 . ingen óc alaind co ndagcheneul ┐ co ndaglégund, LL 279b24 ( SG 414.17 ). o tainic aimser leiginn dó when the time came for him to be taught, Lism. L. 812 . légend la sobeóil senōir being instructed by an eloquent elder, Ériu ii 65 § 11 . adubairt go mbiadh fri leighenn iarsin, Irish Texts iii 14.13 . léighionn caguidh is cunntois `training in warfare and computation', Studies 1919, 439 § 4 .

(g) an Léigheann Órdha = Legenda Aurea, DDána 59.30 .

(h) In phrases. do-gní léigenn do teaches, instructs : denad in eacluis leginn do let the church instruct him, Laws iii 40.12 Comm . do-rinneadh lēighean dō iar sin `he was educated', Celtica iv 69.158 . ar leighinn do dhénam do macaibh leighind Ereann, AFM ii 1170.z . tíachtain léiginn see tíacht; note also: conabu indligthech na graidh eagna cin co haithighdís egluis, uair atá [tiachtain] léighinn acu(d) ina aighidh because they can plead that they are engaged in teaching(?), O'D. 331 ( H 3.17, col. 256 ) (cf. Laws v 124.22 Comm .).

Compd. ¤ḟer: bean Ḟéilimidh ní ḟeich í / dí gu breith léighindḟir lé, IGT Decl. ex. 1840.

2 mát, máta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 mát, máta or dil.ie/31664

Forms: mat, mát, muc

n [f.] a pig (archaic and poet. word). mat [mát LB] .i. muc, unde est isna Brethaib Nemed: forruachtatar mata mo t[h]uinde torgabail, Corm. Y 876 ; see Ériu x 44.6 . cuich in mait . . . .i. cuich in muc, O'Dav. 1241. dhá ṡenainm ar mhuic . . . féis is máda, Forus Foc. 17. mochen mata moaigther, Ériu vii 6 § 8 = muc, ib. (prose). don matai, ib. = don matta, p. 199 . ferba . . . sceó mátai (.i. mucci) moogthi, FB 68.

neimed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimed or dil.ie/33032
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: nemthe, nemid, nemhid, -nemiud, nemid, nemthiu, neimthiu, neimed, senneimedh, Nemed, nemed, nemedh, nemed, Nemed, Nimeth

n o, m. orig. s, n.? occas. treated as neut. in law texts; the gender is m. when denoting a person or animal (male or female) and n. when denoting an abstract notion (e.g. 'sacredness' or 'privelege') or a place, Bechbretha 107-8 , ZCP xlv 100 , but see CMCS viii 48 . cf. coa nemthe nert, LU 3480 (g s.? `to the protection of the shrine', ZCP xv 188 § 15 ). g s. ind nemid , Trip. 240.19 = in nemhid , ib. 4 . d s. -nemiud, LL 227a20 . n p. nemid, Laws v 14.12 . a p. nemthiu, LU 9786. neimthiu, Laws i 260.17 . neimed (o, m.), IGT Dec. § 11. 20 .

I The orig. sense is prob. that of a consecrated place, = Gaulish νεμητον (cf. Αὐγουστο-νέμετον Ptolemy's name for mod. Clermont Ferrand; see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 37 , RC xxiii 138 ), which prob. represents an indigenous word used of sacred groves; cf. de sacris silvarum quas nimidas vocant , Du Cange s.v. nimida (< Conc. Liptini A.D. 743 ), which seems to represent an orig. fem. It is sometimes not possible to distinguish the sense 'sacred place, sanctuary' from 'privilege', Bechbretha 107 . In Irish lit. a sanctuary : nemed gl. sacellum '(small) sacred place' Sg. 13 b 1 . atnaig tar fót crúach i n-ardnemed dia díte, di-eim ar díantólae slúaig 'he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanctuary for his protection, which protects [him] from the swift tide of a [hostile] throng' Críth G. 53 . nemed gl. asilum 'a place of refuge' Ériu lv 9 ; in early Christian lit. prob. a small chapel or oratory (or else the spot on which such stood), freq. in connexion with `cell'. conid Dún a sen-nemed, LU 754 (of Downpatrick, the burial-place of Colum Cille) = RC xx 178 § 44 (`senior church') = senneimedh, BCC § 374 ; perh. for sén-n.¤ auspicious holy spot, i.e. the place of his resurrection. ní ra cráid chill nā nemed, RC xiii 84 § 98 ( LL 303b39 ). nemed cille no duin, Laws iv 214.4 (glossed .i. in releg cemetery, ib. 24 ; cf. LU 754 above ). neimhedh naemainglech (of Cluain Cesáin), Acall. 500. neimedh Sináin, ZCP x 12 § 7 (seems = tempall S., ib.). can comarci . . . do cill no do nemead, Cog. 152.3 . ro cumdaigedh leis ceallaca dhais Erenn ┐ a neimhedha, 138.21 . nior fhagbhadar Lochlannaigh naomh nó neimheadh no ceall uasal . . . gan argain, Ériu i 80.12 . Content. vi 196. cin chadus do chill nā do nemedaib, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 16. ? nipsa cell cin chlocc . . . nipsa haí cin imditin, nipsa neimeth cin imfochaidh, Anecd. ii 60.5 ; cf. nemeadh cin imfochaid (sign of degenerate times), ZCP ix 168.22 .

pn Prob. in this sense in place-names: Nemed, Trip. 240.19 (place where there was a `neimed'). a Nemud slebe Fúait, TBC-LL¹ 5355 = o nemiud, TBC-I¹ 3298. i nNemiud, Metr. Dinds. iv 166.55 (also in Sliab Fuait). Cf. termond na fían . . . im rēid airthir Nemid nāir, LU 4148.

II Secondary meanings, arising prob. from the immunities or honour attached to a consecrated spot.

(a) sacredness ; privileges or insignia (belonging to a profession, rank, etc.), status, dignity: nemeth .i. nem iath .i. i n-as dír d'eclais, Corm. Y 962. nemaith .i. a n-as dir d'ogaib, 963 ( = nemáith, Corm. p. 31 ). nemuath .i. a n-as dir d'filedaib, 964 : all three exx. are etym. glosses on `neimed' acc. to its various applications; similarly O'Mulc. 830 fg. (There may have been a techn. term nemiath; cf. Anecd. ii 74 y : crodh neich nat ba neoit nim [nem v.l.] iath, from a judgement pronounced by `filid' and `brethemain' = the property of a person who is not niggardly towards the Church?.) ro ordaigset fir Herend a nemthiu and sin .i. cloc ┐ salm do eclais. Gēill do rigaib. Trefoclae techtae do filedaib. Aithgabáil do fennethaib, LU 9786 = RC vi 165.9 , Trip. 564.33 (`privileges' in both places). cia nemed as uaisle fil i talmain? Nemed n-ecalsa. Cia nemed is uaisliu fil a n-ecluis? Nemed n-espuic: is e espuc as uaisliu dibside easbuc ecalsa [sic leg.] Petair, H 3.18, p. 17a ( O'Curry 46 ). Colum ar chennsa . . . fri neimhedh eccalsa ┐ ealadhan, 2296.26 .

Possibly in this sense in chevilles: for nem noebda niab nemed , SR 7135 (g p.? or n s. in sense I?). naemda nemedh , Anecd. i 61 § 93. mét nemed , Ériu iv 106.6 . acht ní sóeras nemed de 'except that which sacredness increases of it' Bechbretha 58 .

(b) closely connected with preceding sense, and not always to be distinguished from it, is that of a person (or class of persons) possessing legal status or privileges ; acc. to MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status 273 n. 1 , a generic term for every person having the franchise of the Féini (but the word seems to be sometimes employed collectively of an entire class); used with much latitude of application, somet. (chiefly in the compd. uasaln.¤ ) of the highest dignitaries, king, bishop, head of the `filid', somet. (esp. in the Uraicecht Becc in Laws v , a late text) of handicraftsmen or master-workers; see ZCP xv 262 - 3 and cf. Corm. Y 962 - 964 quoted above. atat do [ = dá] neimhid do-cuisin for talmuin, saeirnemead ┐ daerneimeadh. Ite saer-nemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine. Daerneimead imorro, aes gacha dāna olchena. Is aire ada daernemead aes cacha dāna, fobith is do shaernemthib fognait. Acht i[s] saer cid cach creanus a suiri dia dán, Laws v 14.1 fg. ; i.e. the free `neimid' comprised churchmen, rulers, `filid' and `féini', the subject `neimid' handicraftsmen, but the latter could purchase franchise by their art. ni tuath gin tri saorneimthibh samaigter, eclais, flaith, file, Eg. 88 f. 20b ( O'Curry 2272 ). admestar díre cōir cach graid do ṡoernemthib ┐ doernemthib, ZCP xi 95 § 52 ; cf. dire .i. di-errethe do nimt[h]ib ara n-uaisligitaid, Corm. Y 417 = nemthib, Corm. p. 15 (i.e. `díre' is not paid by `neimid' on account of their rank). gúala nemid filed `the coffer of a privileged poet', Triads 255 . mórad nemed `exalting privileged persons', Tec. Corm. § 1.16 . nā ben ra cellaib nemid !, LL 141 m. sup. nib dulta duit da thig | ar enech noím no nemid, LB 277a12 . a chombrāithre naom ┐ neimhedh his brother saints and churchmen (?), Anecd. iii 2.4 . cach dán a nemed, ACL iii 226 ( Aib. Cuigni 14 ; expld. `to every art its practiser', ZCP xvii 49 , but perh. = a). neimheadh gach dán da ndernta, Metr. Gl. 28 § 43 (where n. seems equated with the handicraft, etc. itself), cf. neimheadh .i. gach dán no gach ealadha, O'Cl. There is a distinction between nemed Dé 'a person privileged from God' (i.e. a cleric) and nemed duini 'a person privileged from man' (i.e. a king, poet etc.), Bechbretha § 39 (notes) .

A law-tract freq. alluded to was the Bretha Neimed, which contained among other things rulings of the `filid' on technical points and was included in the curriculum of the `cana' or poet of the fourth year; see IT iii 36 § 18 (Bretha Nemídh) and Auraic. 1298. isna Brethaib Nemed, Corm. Y 142 , 143 = Nemid, Corm. p. 7.

(c) a halidom; any valued article (property, etc.)? consuitter fir ┐ dliged imaille for neimiudh truth (proof) and right are founded on `neimed', Laws v 8.14 ; by Thurneysen, Cóic Con. p. 12 , transld. Heiligtum and expld. as someth. sacred; from the sequel it appears that the `neimed' for judgements of the church was the Scripture, for those of the `fili' rules of law (roscada) and for those of the `flaith' rules, maxims or precedents and testimonies. Cf. O'Dav. 1175 : lam fo nemiath .i. . . . lam fora mindib. nach nemedh do gait `the stealing of an article of little value' (? of great value), Laws iii 394.13 . in cintach in neim-neime do gabail de riana nimhe, a neimhe riana ferunn, H 3.17 c. 132 ( O'D. 160 ), i.e. non-`neimed' property was to be confiscated before `neimed' property, the latter before land. Of cattle : ro suidiged son la Feine hi comdire fria huasalneimthiu cethra, Laws iv 198 z , cf. 200.3 , 19 . ni gaibhtiur nimhe cethra i n-athgabail, H 3.17 c. 131 ( O'D. 159 ). nemeth bó, O'Mulc. 830 e .

(d) in special sense of landed property, any land owned by a nemed-person, esp. glebe-land: neimheadh .i. neamhiath .i. talamh as dlightheach d'eaglais, O'Cl. teampall . . . do forbhadh lasan epscop . . . ┐ neimheadh .i. talamh ecclusda do órdughadh dhó `glebe-land', AFM ii 1082.21 . ? nir dhíon ar an ccaptin . . . neimhedh naoimh nā filed, fiodh nā foithirghlend, v 1788.12 (transld. `sanctuary'). fer médaigthe neimhedh eccailsi ┐ ealadhan who augmented the property of church and science, vi 1908.8 (tr. `an exalter of sanctuaries'). ro croithset neimheadh an naoimh ┐ an innsi uile `glebe-land', Hugh Roe 92.2 (f. 24b) , of Tory Isl. blessed by Colum C. gan indradh no orgain neimheadh eccailsi ná eladhan, 190 z (f. 51a) . ? screpul gach teineadh cin tart | do neimeadh coicidh Connacht, Lism. L. 4780 (tr. `the chapel').

pn Nemed occurs as name of the leader of the Fir Bolg in the Book of Invasions = Nimeth, Gildas Hist. Brit. § 13 ( ZCP x 155 ); also N.¤ mac Sraibchind, see LL 129b14 . Possibly the same word as the above, see Van Hamel, ZCP x 183.

? nimb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? nimb or dil.ie/33182

n a drop (? cloud): nimb .i. braon, ab eo quod est nimbus, unde dicitur isna Brethaib Nemeth: Ro loisceth a leth fo nimib nim, Corm. Y 971 = fo nimb `under a cloud of venom', O'Dav. 1284 (with gl.: nimb .i. nell no braen). nim .i. bráon, O'Cl. (cf. Leb. Gab.(i) i 64 n. 2 ). nim cruinne . . . .i. bráon do dhrucht, ib. Cf. 4 nin.

rogu, roga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rogu, roga or dil.ie/35454

Forms: rogu, roga, roga, rogha, ragha, rogha, roghain, roghan, roghain, roighni, rogain

n (ro- and gu- `choose', cf. togu). Orig. an indecl. neut.; n s. (with art.) a rogu , Wb. 9a23 . roga ṅgascid, TBC-LL¹ 3604 . Later decl. and gender vary: (1) rogu, roga m., sing. invar. rogha ragha m., IGT Dec. § 2.4 . (2) roga, f. n-st. rogha f. (d s. roghain, g s. roghan, n p. roghain, roighni), IGT Dec. § 5 . (3) Mid.Ir. n s. rogain, Met. Dinds. gl.

(a) the act of choosing; a choice, selection , oft. folld. by gen. or part. DE: roga quasi togae, Corm. Y 1113 . drinnroisc .i. roga, Laws i 72.5 Comm. raegha .i. togha, O'Cl. is lib atá a rogu it is you that have the choice , Wb. 9a23 . ráid fri Dauid . . . roga dó ar trib brethaib offer D. his choice of three judgements , SR 6848 . do rogha duit-se dibh take thy choice of them , Ériu iii 154.2 . bás dúib, ní rogain roga `no choice ye would choose' (lit. not a choice of choosing ), Metr. Dinds. iii 6.57 . ba rogha leis a bathud tar a slugudh he preferred to be drowned rather than swallowed , ZCP vi 295.22 . dobretha rogu doib cid biad no ragad dia n-echaib, FB 63 . tucc a ttrí roicchne . . . do mhac Coisi offered three choices , ZCP viii 220 § 29 . ro lá Mac Cecht rogu di [do, Eg., sic leg.] láthaib gaile dús in bad imchomet . . . nó bád chuingid gave the champions their choice whether , BDD 147 . ro iarfaig dia macu cia rogu no berad cech fer dib what each of them would choose , LB 158b4 . ar mbreith roghan don Bhanbha on getting their choice of B. , Content. vi 62 . ro-dhoilghe an rogha rugais, ix 10 . adubairt riu dul `na rogha conuir whatever road they chose , ZCP vi 48.30 . toghait a rogha deissi do guibernoracht in tire gacha bliadhna `elect two (?) for the government ', Fl. Earls 92.11 . laibheoramaoid ar do rabhadh [leg. raghadh = ragha] punc any point you wish , Luc. Fid. 273.12 . doní an peacthach rogha dona neithibh talmhandha, TSh. 2046 . berid do rogu (rogain): ruc in mac . . . á indmus do rogain chose his wealth , LB 158b6 . do rugus do roghain mo bhathadh . . . nā ma thoithim I chose to be drowned rather than fall , ZCP vi 65.10 . rug an corn do roghain, TSh. 7079 . rug do rogha pláigh d'fhulang, 10204 . rucc do roghain gur bhó ferr lais, etc., AFM v 1640.8 . do ghabh an t-anam do roghain bliadhain d'eslainte sech bheith . . . a bpurgadóir, Mac Aingil 328.1 .

(b) folld. by gen. the choice, best, pick : Nín mac Bel roga na ríg, MacCarthy 310.2 ( BB 13b ). gabsat secht ríg for Mumain . . . ní roga ríg rí díb-sin, Metr. Dinds. iii 202.35 . raga cech roimse, 344.87 . is roga rígfiled sain, TBC-LL¹ 5343 . tug roga n-urchair do a first-rate cast, aim , ZCP vi 293.14 (but this may be a corruption of rout n-u., see 1 rout). rogha selga na gnáth-Fheinde in sliab-so the best hunting-ground , Acall. 6538 . aen-raghu thaisech Erenn ina aimsir fein, AU ii 348.5 (a. 1274) . Maolruanaidh aon-rogha tiompanach Ereann, AFM ii 540.1 . do thogh sé amach rogha ḟear Isráel, 2 Samuel x 9 . pl. Naim ┐ roigne a rig ┐ a thaisech, Marco P. 62 . raigne na Roman, CCath. 5993 . at iad roighne na n-aittire, AFM ii 934.5 . ag seo dheit roighne mo rúin `the choice work of my thought', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 3 . le roighne ríogh-ughdar na heagailse, TSh. 8275. 8460 . se dune dég do raighnib a munteri, RC xviii 268.17 . ilimat do roignibh relicias the finest relics , Fl. Earls 164.10 . a Raghnaill . . . ris nach samlaim rí acht roghain with whom I compare no king save the best , IGT Dec. ex. 257 .

Satharn(n)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Satharn(n) or dil.ie/36233

Forms: satharn, sathrann

pn o (Lat. dies Saturni) satharn, sathrann, m., IGT Decl. § 11 (54.26) . Saturday : dia sathairnn ro gabad in salm so gl. in die sabbati, Ml. 112c11 . is dia Sathairn ros-bendach Dia na dúile, Fél. 2.24 . hisint sathurn ria feil Martain, AU i 442.4 . s.¤ do brethaib , Críth G. 547 . oendiden ┐ satharnd do [fh]richnamh, Laws iv 216.6 Comm . i sathurnd nó i ndomnuch, LU 949 ( ACC 82 Comm . ). ro chumsain . . . Dīa issin tSathurn, ITS xxxiv 16.15 ( LL 1a17 ). Kl. Enair for Satharnn, RC xvii 409.24 . a medon-óidchi in tsathairn, PH 3727 . Satarn mar S.¤ , Auraic. 3535 . no go rug sáoire ar Sathrann, IGT Decl. ex. 464 . s.¤ Casg, AFM iv 868.8 . saoire an tsathrainn, Parrth. Anma 182.6 . ná tomhuil féoil ar do phroinn | dia haoine na dia sathroinn, Mac Aingil 271.18 .

segamlae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. segamlae or dil.ie/36860

n , f. (segamail) lactiferousness : sēgamla .i. blichtmaire, . . . ut est isna Brethaib Neimed: meser būar a sēgamlai .i. ara mblichtmaire, Corm. Y 1135 . segamail .i. lacht. ut est misir bu (.i.) ara segamlu .i. ar mét a lachta, O'Dav. 1442 . `segamla' gach blectas bog, Metr. Gl. 32 § 3 .

senchae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. senchae or dil.ie/37121
Last Revised: 2013

n [io, later t, m.] (1 sen). According to Thurn., Bürgschaft 31 § 83 , an old secondary form of senchaid q.v. a custodian of tradition, a historian : ni senchae na-forngair naill `kein 'senchae' ist, der nicht Schwur befiehlt', Bürgschaft 31 § 83 . nibi senchae imrisin, § 84 . dia sasar slan brethaib senca la Feine, Laws v 458.9 , glossed: dia n-indsaigi tu lan breithemnuis na senchad, 18 Comm . atait a secht conosnat cach n-iumtaithmech . . . sencha sir-cuimne, sein-scribinn deoga, etc., 368.3 . co n-epert . . . fria brethemhnai ┐ fria hsenchaibh (senchaidiu, shenchaideibh, v.ll.), Anecd. ii 73.11 . ar chomailliud in chotaig | do réir Dé, sochlai senchai, | ro crochdai in-oentelchai, SR 6751 . sreba sencha, 987 . foclaid slóg sencha ar Samain, Metr. Dinds. iii 334.19 .

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