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accais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accais or dil.ie/142

 

Forms: accuis, accuis, accais, acaissi, acsi, aicsin, aicsin, aicsenaib

n f. In O.Ir. glosses accuis (Lat. occasio, see GOI § 302 ). Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (i 476) distinguishes a word accais < *adcais (We. achas), but the various meanings can be explained as easily from a single form accais < Lat. occasio. g s. accuis, Alex. 297 . accais, O'Dav. 399 . acaissi, Fl. Earls 132.25 . n p. acsi, Corm. Y 1082 v.l. (achuis, text, Anecd. iv 96.23 ). Also as n-stem a s. aicsin, Ml. 38c4 . n p. inna aicsin , 51d15 . d p. dinaib aicsenaib , 62a22 . See aicsenach.

(a) cause, reason: acuis .i. a causa , Corm. Y 10 (cf. O'Mulc. 11 ). ? bri gach ṅ-a.¤ , Corm. 8 = cach n-ogus, Corm. Y 149 . issí ade accuis `this is the cause', Ml. 104c1 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab Duaid `that is not the reason for which David sang it', 35a8 . nach accuis trissanétatsat som inna anu hisin, 57a3 . sainaccuis do Duaid sech cách, 36c11 . cen fochunn ┐ cen accuis, 46b14 , 126d17 . ar main bed accuiss na precepte sin `for if it were not because of that teaching', Wb. 9b19 . in di accuis, Sg. 200a13 . it hē achuis (acsi, v.l.) ar a nglanaiter, Corm. Y 1082 = aicsin, Corm. Bodl. 38 . sain didiu accuis as rohainmniged cach āe, Corm. Y 1079 . nisber nach a.¤ aile acht dul tar bur cenn-si there is no other reason for it(?), Anecd. i. 43.18 . acais toirge na nDéise, Ériu iii 135.2 .

In prep. phrases: ar accuis pectho `because of sin', Ml. 60b19 . ar accuis tesairgne do mnai ríg Érend, LU 10770 = ar cuis, Ériu xii 170.5 (TE). ?fu acis gl. sub obtentu, Thes. i 498.29 . hua accuiss sulbairichthe `because of politeness', Sg. 45b3 . trena a.¤ (i.e. because of Findabair), LL 11323 (TBC).

In Laws cause, occasion of injury to others, hence offence, crime(?). Cf. it he ceithri anmand cinath conlat ar diuit: tucait, ag, acais, etgid, O'Mulc. 456 . dilis do ceilib . . . seoit . . . acht fris-rognat a flaithe . . . na dernat acais a mbais `wenn sie . . . ihren Tod nicht verursacht haben' (i.e. have committed no crime leading to their lord's death), ZCP xiv 362 § 22 , see p. 363 . caide fochonn, caide agh, caide acais . . . acúis don gnímh son do gní nech for torbha do budein ┐ imaric aimles nach aile de cin elguin ┐ ní duine féin is fer láimhe di `acuis' is that deed which one does for one's own advantage and from which disadvantage ensues to another person though he has committed no crime and is not the perpetrator thereof(?), O'D. 577 (H.3. 17, 444). See 3 ág. gan ágh, gan a.¤, gan urcoid . . . a n-adrad h'arm, MR 294.15 .

(b) hatred, enmity, rancour etc.: acais dhlighidh, Ériu xiii 25.6 glossed .i. aor no mallacht . . . no a.¤ .i. immidh, O'Dav. 40, 399 (cf. ZCP xiv 7 ). aincis (acais, v.l.) is miscaith namá / dhá ṡenainm na mallachta, Metr. Gl. 14 § 29 . fí fo builc .i. a.¤ fo thuind, RC xx 252.1 (ACC). ferb .i. bolg .i. acuis fo tuinn, O'D. 27 (H 3.17, col. 25). na bi ar acais na miscais do gní acht do rellad na firinne, O'Curry 2599 ( Eg. 88 fo. 51 (52)a ). is tromsceo a.¤ ┐ duabais ┐ neime for cech n-aen, Alex. 297 . ro aorfadaois o acois ┐ o breachtradh an dána virulence(?), ZCP x 278.3 . doní geōin ┐ acu[i]s ┐ díghbhāil, Feis Tighe Chonáin 464 . narbham uan go n-acais fhaoil (i.e. a wolf in sheep's clothing), Aithd. D. 73.16 . lomnán d'imneadh is d'achais (sic), O'Hara 3262 . gapuis . . . ben oile . . . doigh ētta, imthnūith ┐ acaissi di, Fl. Earls 132.25 .

Of disease, illness (cf. is aon n-aicsina fo dera gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.19 ): rom-soerae, á Ísu / ar a.¤ cech thedmae from every disease, Fél. Ep. 518 . rot gob acais .i. mor galara, YBL 137a17 . indtan rob āiniom ndō, rotgab acais mōr (of disease of Emperor Constantine), ZCP iii 227.2 . galar gan a.¤ gan anbḟorlann, ALC ii 400.15 .

In concrete sense poison, venom: delg co n-acais ina chois co nderna tart ar feith inti `festering', BColm. 42.18 .

aiccetal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiccetal or dil.ie/759

 

n o, [n.]. Later m. vn. of ad-cain act of chanting, reciting; recital: atait secht cinela aire . . . aer-aicetal, ecnach n-egnairce etc. satirical recital of insults, Laws v 228.26 . aicetal .i. cuidhbius, ut est áer aicetail .i. aor co cuidhbius, O'Dav. 33 . do aiccetul in eighme, Laws v 308.10 Comm. (gloss on focetal n-eigme, 306.5 ). aicetal .i. roscad, ut est lecem ae n-aicetail, O'Dav. 18 . beim fri hailchi aicetail .i. co mbi aicetul anma in fir nod cren accomul noguim .i. ogum na creca do beth i llic firt, O'Curry 484 ( H 3.18, 251 ). dorchad .i. cin aicetal cin laidh cin ogum, 485 (ib.). bri aicetal .i. isbeir talmacht uait, manap duit dobera in taicetal, 2024 (H. 4.22, 49).

4 alt, altae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 alt, altae or dil.ie/3019

 

n Perh. substantival use of participles of 1 ailid, but form and inflexion unclear: Lug mac Ethlend alt cen meirg fosterling(?), LL 1150 . techt i ndāil alt nUlad, TBC-I¹ 2460 = techt in-dáil ailt Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 3270 . ni h-iarsma aen mháthar na aen alta `fostering', MR 144.15 . Findhabair cland Luigdeach Lagdha / bean alta Breagh gusin mbrigh (apparently nurse of Brí; cf. Metr. Dinds. iv 218. 1-4 ), Ériu x 78 § 20 . altai droch-rún derchoblid / gossa dubrúin banmassa, LU 6175 ( TBC-I¹ 1691 ). ? sceó slechtfa ailtu tairbirt fo mám Etarcomol, 5687 (TBC). mor n-anrud ┐ n-ailti scions, heroes(?), Anecd. ii 54.8 . imruidhedh ┐ imaorad n-ailte (nalti v.l.) ┐ n-anradh, 50.7 . alt .i. oileamhuin, O'Curry 969 (H 3.18, 416) perh. simply gloss on pret. 3 s. of 1 ailid.

anall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anall or dil.ie/3340

 

adv. stressed on second syll. (exx. of rhyme and alliteration in bardic verse infra). Written anaill, Alex. 579 , Fl. Earls 166.17 . See GOI § 483 . The form anaill, TBC-I¹ 3615 is taken by Thurn., ZCP xii 410 as standing for inn-all thither . Of place from beyond, from the opposite side, híther: tar muir a.¤ , Trip.² 331 . dar glend a.¤ hither over the glenn, MU² 494 . do-lotar trá forsin farci a.¤ hi tír n-Érend, BDD 23 . ro ráthaiged . . . as[in] tig a.¤ Ingcél I. was perceived from the house, 71 . adainter . . . in Bruden . . . ┐ dorróbdad a.¤ co fá thrí the B. is set on fire . . . it was quenched from within, 143 . isind leith a.¤ on the opposite side, 74 . fá cáin a.¤ a tax (imposed) from abroad, Keat. ii 5754 . Extended applications: transitiuum . . . .i. gním dosom i nnach naile innunn ┐ is césad do ṡuidiu gním o nach ailiu foir sem a.¤ , Sg. 209b12 . is bes tra isind libursa briathra na salm a.¤ (written over the line) do erlabrai ánd ┐ bertair dano briathra asin stoir sea innun fo fuillned inna salm innunn to quote (from another book), Ml. 26c6 (verba psalmorum superiorum, Zeuss 611 ). is airi trimirothorndiussa indium inna huilisa asrubartmar ánáll `we have mentioned above', Wb. 8d26 .

In phrases: innonn ┐ a.¤ on all sides: robaí fe 'nund ┐ fe a.¤ in dúsin essgal ┐ tessgal, LL 12961 . na cathaighthe a.¤ 's anonn `temptations on every side', Aithd. D. 51.13 . ar na bhogadh anonn sa nall `tossed to and fro', Proverbs xxi 6 . (di) ṡíu ┐ a.¤ from this side and that, from both sides: cona díchtheth carpat friae di síu nách a.¤ from either direction, LU 4798 (TBC). roferadh cobleng croda etarru dísiu ┐ a.¤ on both sides, RC x 185.3 . imda . . . sruthide fola for toebu trenfer siu ┐ a.¤ do macu I., LB 129b44 . secht mile isseadh torcair idiu ┐ a.¤ ettorrae, AFM i 318.2 .

With the prep. FRI: fri muir robur a.¤ `beyond the Red Sea', Ml. 124c24 . altarach .i. frie a.¤ (gl. nihil ultra) `on the other side of it', Sg. 71b1 . glend lán di thenid fris a.¤ , LU 2145 ( FA 21 ). coromarb nonbur friss a.¤ `on the other side of him', RC iii 178.10 .

With the idea of motion much reduced (here written andall and perh. a separate word): interrogaverunt horam specialem in qua ille effectus est abbas ┐ ba sí húarsom douargaib A. ind soscele andall (i.e. in Scotland; almost = tall, q.v.), Mon. Tall. 162.33 (§ 85) . co cruthaigfea in Comdiu andall curpu na esergi (i.e. in the other world), LU 2594 (edd. suggest reading thall as in l. 2587 ).

Of time of yore, hitherto, heretofore: fo bith an chotuigh a.¤ `from of yore', Blathm. 311 . ní bíd clad . . . i nHére isind amsir a.¤ co tanic remis mac nÁeda Slani, LU 10569 . analadh a.¤ uile / o tus betha, LL 395a17 . a gabala uili a.¤ hitherto, Fen. 48.1 . rí agá ndubrad nert a.¤ a king ever regarded as powerful, O'Gr. Cat. 378.4 . de cheniul Tuathail Techtmhair ┐ Ugaine Mair a.¤ , MR 1.5 . fedh na bliadhna so a.¤ `in the course of the past year', RC xxix 114 § 11 . With various prepp. With FRI: fris an mbliadhain sin a.¤ `during the preceding part of this year', AFM vi 2274.z . With CO: lase foruillecta béoil inchalich di mil cosse a.¤ `when the lips of the chalice have hitherto been smeared with honey', Wb. 7d9 . rob ainfethaig firu Hērenn a n-imthūs Táno cosin a.¤ , ACL iii 3.20 . co gin Mic Maire . . . / a.¤ o tus domain, LL 395a24 . co sin a.¤ till that happens, Críth G. 264 . mani dernat co cenn mís dotíagat for cairdde ná[d] lenat a lepthai cucai a.¤ i.e. the aire échta is not responsible for their protection any longer, 362 and p. 71. With ó: Dathi anall `from the time of D. onward', Ériu ii 186.15 . nī bīad rí ō Ess a.¤ , ZCP viii 223 § 21 . co ro-fíugrad . . . o chein mair a.¤ esergi Crist, PH 3423 . a.¤ ó dhortadh díleann `downwards from the pouring of the flood', TD 28.3 . otha a.¤ `henceforward', Fél. 6.10 .

Extended forms (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 196 - 197 ): ? co Dún Brí anal[l]a over to Dún Brí , BColm. 60.28 . a-nallamhain (: Lughaidh), Ériu ix 165 § 22 . anallamhuin (: mbonaibh) in times of old, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 8 . a-nalloin (: balloibh), PBocht 5.1 . a-nalloin, DDána 63.27 `already', Ir. Monthly 1928, 156 . a-nallan (: anman), PBocht 10.8 . a-nallan (: fharradh), DDána 64.30 . popul na ngente ro baí i ndorchataid pecaid . . . anallana formerly, Trip.² 50 . cid so or cách. ni bu adas a cóemna rosbai-seom anallana, LL 279a19 . anallana . . ., PH 2244 . analluna (: amudha), Content. ix 23 .

In phr. anois (aniodh) (┐) analla(i)n now and always (of past): congbhaid anos a-nallan, Content. xxviii 3 . t'éighis anois 's anallain, xviii 74 . aniodh 's anallain, DDána 92.4 ; cf. suil tháireas gus a-noise a-nallamhain, 83.6 `from that day till this', Ir. Monthly 1921, 419 . anall-út, -ód: anallút (coming from) over there (of a boat), LU 1869 . Fionn . . . / do bhí neartmhar a-nall-ód, DDána 112.8 . annála na n-ard-fhlaitheadh anall-ód of yore, TSh. 5476 . a nallód of old, Jeremiah xxviii 8 .

Forms with in- for an- (under infl. of prep. i n-): i nallut, Laws ii 94.8 Comm. inallana, PH 4473 . i n-allód (= antiquitus), Keat. i 106.19 . inall, AFM v 1868.14 .

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

 

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airind, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See GOI § 823 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of 1 ar and 1 for).

In Mid. Ir. 1 for and 1 íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airind, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. S. 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth G. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdotāigi, TBC-I¹ 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, ACL iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . GOI § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. GOI § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Stud. i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, GOI § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC-I¹ 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC-I¹ 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib ( oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see 1 cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth G. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth G. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, 1 apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth G. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC-I¹ 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC-I¹ 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etarscarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, 1 pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, ACL iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth G. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, 1 cúis, 1 écndairc, éicen, ecla, 1 gart, midlachas, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desimrecht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terribilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórmach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC-I¹ 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láinléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as[c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla-sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Metr. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobhthar ortha go . . ., Ó Héodhusa 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth G. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, ACL iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were discovered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 ( for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Metr. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

2 arg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 arg or dil.ie/4129
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj I o, ā noble, great, impressive: a.¤ dano urdairc unde dicitur airchetal .i. argg-cētul .i. cētul urdairc, Corm. Y 27 . a.¤ .i. urduirc, O'Dav. 43 . eraim na.¤ (cheville), Laws i 134.9 .

II Subst. o, m. prominent person, champion, hero: a.¤ .i. lāech . . . gein in airg [.i.] in lāic[h], Corm. Y 27 . leó ball ┐ a.¤ laoch, 804 . a.¤ fiann .i. tiachar, ab Argis .i. ō Grécaib ar febus a n-ōcc, O'Mulc. 57 . dibergg .i. di-bi-arg .i. ni la laochacht adrīmt[h]er ut a.¤ fiann ar nī bī i cōir laochachtae diultad Dē ┐ giallnae Demuin, 309 . argg .i. anrath, LL 311b25 . a.¤ .i. laoch, O'Dav. 43 . airg .i. laeich, fir ┐ mna, O'Curry 2047 ( H 4.22, 62a ). a.¤ .i. laoch, ut est airge (sic) ┐ fir ┐ mna, 571 (H 3.18, 285). airg ┐ fir ┐ mna ┐ ferrdomain . . . (text) airg .i. na graid flatha .i. na laich; fir .i. na graid feine cenmotha laich, 587 (H 3.18, 290) = O'D. 877 (H 3.17, c. 630). distinguished persons (Respektpersonen), Thurn. ZCP xvi 208 n.2 . ar argg (.i. láech) níad ropsam fortail `over any champion I prevailed', Ériu i 72 § 3 . argg tricc Trēnmōr T. was a swift hero, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14 § 2 . a.¤ na laech (of Art Óenfer), LU 4172 . a.¤ n-erred (rhet.), LL 14192 . ar-cichset airg loman londgliaid, Sc.M² 15 . dotáet do lochbriga eter argaib (.i. anradaib) erritib, LU 3528 ( SCC 28 ). re n-arcaib ré n-erredaib, 8502 ( FB 35 ). Mafemis ainm n-airg, LL 2222 . a hInis Áine na n-a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 190.5 . i rrubad a.¤ Mael . . . Ísu, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 54 . do theilg san urrlaind in t-a.¤ , BB 56b50 . d'eiteall airg, Aithd. D. 9.15 . In n.loc. a Brí Airg, Ériu iv 146 § 24 .

? im aisneis n-a.¤ , Laws v 230.14 Comm. do aisneis n-a.¤ , Ériu xiii 16. 23 . Compds. aircdíne 'warrior race' Ériu lii 76 § 1b . See also ? narg.

Bé(o)lach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Bé(o)lach or dil.ie/5687

 

adj o, ā (bél ? béoil ?) only as epithet: Bresuail . . . Bēolach (béoliach, beoiliach, v.ll.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 15.10 . B. Belach .i. B. béodláec[h] .i. láech béodha, ar a beódacht aderthí B. Beólach fris. Nó is bel mór bái aige, Cóir Anm. 207. Note: cuic bliadna Bresail in Beóil, LL 4200. Labhraid mac Bresail Beolaigh, Anecd. ii 35.1 . hūa Bresail Bēlaig, RC xxxvi 262 § 2. brí Bresail beólaig (belaig, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. ii 82.13 .

bine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bine or dil.ie/5914

 

n [io ?] b.¤ m. and f., IGT Decl. § 1. crime; wrong-doing; fault. In modern editions often translated harm, damage, injury: līthe b.¤ for a mnái, Corm. Y 975.14 , Corm. 32 s.v. nescoit, nir airigistair fuirri a b.¤ .i. teacht a coibligi an Dagdai `her offence', TE² 142 § 1 ( a b.¤ .i. a cin, ZCP v 523.22 ). ba holl in b.¤ (of the slaying of a son by his mother), Metr. Dinds. ii 32.12 . tucsat i mbrianna i mb.¤ / fianna Meilgi Imlige `in their wickedness', 66.23 . ander 'cambuí cach b.¤ / sech ba druí, ba deg-ḟile `versed in all the black arts', iv 14.3 . marbam fo chétóir resíu forruma b.¤ fornn before he gets us into trouble, gets us a bad name (?), Fraech 174 . nachamthí bét nā bini (in prayer) `injury', Ériu ii 92 § 1. rum do rinneadh an b.¤ / fa bhfuil oram th'oirbhire, DDána 101.28 . (to a lady) gnúis . . . / dá nar bhean béim ná b.¤ fault, 99.31 . lucht dénmhusa b.¤ buirb / cuilg gérghlasa thige Taidhg, IGT Decl. ex. 4. Frequ. in chevilles: mor ceol caimnaig cen b.¤ (: -nime), SR 509. ardd b.¤ , Rawl. 88a47 . aided Branduib co mbini (: Sini) by (?) crime, RC xxiii 312 § 38. Siugmaill is Brí cen binib (: Midir), LL 1417. fo bini braith `through treacherous crime', Metr. Dinds. iii 372.17 . breath cean b.¤ `faultless judgment', Leb. Cert.² 1354. See 1 bin.

Brega

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Brega or dil.ie/6667

 

pn pl. of 1 bri , territorial and population name, principally of an area roughly co-extensive with Co. Meath and north Co. Dublin, usu. translated Bregia: dar Bregai, RC xi 444.7 . itir Midi ┐ Bregu, AU i 232.13 . dia rogiallsat Brega, LL 320b54 . co mbatár i n-airiur Breg comarda Étuir forsind farrci, LU 6887 (BDD). ríge Breg mbude, LU 3735 ( SCC 33 ). iar mBregaib, 5158 (TBC). crich Breg bulid, LL 3938. farbais far mid Breg `Bregian mead is being besieged', Measgra Uí Chl. 151 § 23 ( ACL iii 307 § 23 ). tarcuisne ag Breaghaib ar Bladhma people of B., ML² 1089.

Compds. Bresal Bregamos mercenary of Bregia, Rawl. 83a37 . Corp. Gen. 335.4 . ? Loingsech Breg-bán, Cáin Ad. 16. Blaith breghduirnd, Acall. 2355 v.l. Bresal Bregoman .i. a oman for Bregaib. Nó Bresal Breaghmain .i. dia m[b]dar maine na Brega, Cóir Anm. 206 (see note).

See Hog. Onom.

breithem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithem or dil.ie/6699
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: brithem, breitheamh, breitheam, brithemnu

n n, m., later also o, m. O. Ir. brithem (breth). breitheamh, m., IGT Decl. § 51.

Judge (gl. iudex, arbiter in Wb., Ml. breitheam gl. arbiter, Ir. Gl. 366 ). Lit. `maker of judgments', Lat. iuris consultus, Críth G. p. 79 , and in legal texts usu. in the wider sense of jurist, (`brehon' in the published Laws), whose functions could include that of adjudicating . See also Binchy, Ériu xviii 45. In religious literature, frequently of God or Christ : atá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus gl. omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 . ní áis æccalsa ata brithemin lib, 9c7 . fírbrithem gl. Dominus, 8d25 . brithem . . . .i. Crist gl. Deus iudicabit, 9c2 . in aimsir inna mbritheman, Ml. 104a8 . brithem firianamam gl. arbiter . . . æquissimus, 94b6 . 92a15 . dond fírbrithemain gl. cognitori, 26c11 . fírbrithem gl. iudicem, 27c1 . suide bri[th]emon gl. tribunal ( Acts xxv 10 ), Thes. i 498.17 . aimser breitiman, Hib. Min. 4.5 . in brithem firén (viz. God), LU 1999 ( FA 6 ). tri brithemain ind rig sin, 7630 (BDD). a brithemnu (v p.), LL 36440 ( RC xxi 380.12 ). hi cathair bretheman `in the judge's seat', Ériu iv 128.15 . dul doib co cend n-athchomairc Muman co brithem Caisil, iii 140.6 . Daniel fáith . . . brethem cundail na senoire = iudicem . . . senum, PH 5587. doïb bas brithem dia brātha (i.e. Pátraic), ACL iii 303 § 3. do bretheamh choitcenn roæntuighseatt eatarra C. `that C. should be arbitrator between them', Lism. L. 2532. breitheamh breabóideach, TSh. 6787. b.¤ aislingthi ` interpreter of dreams (of Maelcaba Cleirech)', MR 10.5 . ollam britheman, LL 3722.

In legal texts: atáa mí (sc. mí sílta) nád n-imthet rí acht cethrur . . . rí ┐ brithem ┐ dias i manchuini, Críth G. 537. i faitche . . . breitheamun aird, Laws ii 16.12 . ni breitheamh nach Seanchaidh, ┐ ni Seanchaid nach bretheamh i mBreathaibh Nimeadh .i. leabhar deridh ṡaothair na Seanchadh ┐ na mbretheamhan bheos, MS. Mat. 575. 17 - 20 , Ériu xiii 7 n.1 . a reir brithemon, Laws iv 212.3 . daernemed tra, saeir . . . ┐ legi ┐ breitemain, v 90.20 . foirbeir saeiri breathemain ┐ sair corigi biatad da fear deg, ┐ cug seoit dec i n-a diri, 30 `the franchise of jurists . . . increases etc.', PRIA xxxvi (C) 277 § 37 . dú imbet coir fechamain fri athcomarc a brethe don b.¤ where there are competent parties to question the judge on his judgment (Thurn.), Cóic Con. 57 § 133. breitem teora mbret .i. bret feni ┐ breth filed ┐ breath berla bain `a brehon of three judgments' (has increase of refection and díre), Laws v 92.16 . breitheam tri mberla, coimdiri do fri hoiri tuise, 100.16 . secht mbreitheamain nad fuigliter la Feine seven jurists to whom a case is not brought in Irish law, 352.17 . ni hed dlegur don breitheamuin a radh i ndlegur no na dlegur in cin, ii 52.20 Comm. a nord mbretheman `in the Brehon code', iii 30.z. oc dun breitheaman na tuaiti `the Brehon of the territory', iv 106.2 Comm. Note also: mac breitheman tuaithe `a lay brehon', AFM v 1710.8 .

Compd. ceann brughadh is breitheamhmaicne, DDána 89.13 .

1 bres

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bres or dil.ie/6736
Last Revised: 2019

 

n ā, f.

(a) fight, blow; effort: mílid . . . / ciabdar bailc a mbressa, Fél.² Prol. 74 (cebtar bailce bressa, v.l.) = O'Dav. 255. flathi fiann / fais a nduine dían a mbress, LL 7465 ( ZCP xi 110 § 31 ). ? mes breas cleas teass treass tuirenn, IT iii 87 § 92. norannad bledmila in mara immi do bressaib na ruadrama with the blows of the . . . oars, RC xiv 402 § 9. baí bresse (feat of Cú Ch.), LU 9290. a Brí co mbreis `cause of combat', Metr. Dinds. iv 228.26 . Note also: cu toracht Griss na gresse / o Boind na banbreisse, LL 21025 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 138.6 ). Of labour in childbirth: tancatar bressa brighi ┐ ella da hindsaighid, ┐ rucustar gein meic ann, Acall. 543. tangadar bréasa brighe ┐ alla idhan d'ionnsaighe na hinghine `great efforts and mighty birth-pangs', RC xiv 28 § 5 , Ériu v 80.28 .

(b) uproar, din: breas .i. gach greadhan no gach glór, O'Cl. mar'tchuala Míchol in ṁbreis, SR 5969. bid b.¤ bréci, cid bras `a lying noise', Metr. Dinds. iv 48.15 .

(c) Metaph. of a hero, chief (or subst. use of 2 bres ?): breas .i. rí. breas tocha .i. as é rí as annsa leam é, O'Cl. Bressal Bregom, / bress īath (fight (i.e. fighter) of lands, Meyer), Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 28 § 19. bress (bress .i. ualglorach, breis . . . .i. bru, v.ll.) Elggae, aue Luirc the champion of Ireland (Meyer), ii 15.10 .? Cf. b.¤ .i. do bruinded, O'Mulc. 188 = breiss .i. dibruindedh, H 3.18, 64c25 . in b.¤ bethrach in brēo bāgach, RC xxxvi 262 § 3 = LL 6451. Braon, b.¤ Laighen lonnghalach `B., the . . . chief of Leinster', AFM ii 656.13 . in bress nar' bu báeth the mighty one (sc. the Dagda), Ériu vii 227 § 63. in b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 344.91 . 'mon mbress, 370.53 .

(d) beauty, worth: cearbúncail a m-bídh breas ann, Hard. i 282.9 . andsin robáided in breiss (of a lady), Metr. Dinds. iii 290.9 . In cheville: ni baoth in breas, Hard. ii 372.3 .

Compds. With subst. and vnn.: in toirneach . . . ┐ in breisbēmnech din, TBC-I¹ 3126. breisbeimnech ┐ fúaim na .u. rann . . . ac tuitim, RC xxiv 382.16 (cf. TBith.² 210 § 92 ). do chualadar breasmaidm ic a loscudh . . . imon tech `crash', RC xxiii 422 § 40. tucc bresmaidm forro `utterly routed them', Ann. Conn. 1253.13 . na slebti cendmora cairrgecha ac brisiud ┐ ac breasmandugud (bresmaidm, v.l.) risna buindeadaib `breaking and crashing', TTebe 292 .

With adjj. and adjj. derived from nouns: I. bresḟota (bresata, MS.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25 (a) ( IT iii 38 § 26 ). tre chomtroit na ngaeth ngarb . . . mbresmadmannach `of the . . . winds crashing', TTebe 274 .

With vb. bresminigedar gl. frangari, Ml. 108d6 .

1 brí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brí or dil.ie/6777
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bria, brith

n g, f. See GOI § 319 , KZ xlviii 65. hill : bri mag n-ísel, a breuitate, ut Bri Cobthaig Coil .i. mag inna biat slēbe ardae, etc., O'Mulc. 154. brī .i. tulac[h], Corm. Y 191. bri .i. tulach no fogus, ut est cingit co brigh. Brigh (leg. brí, ed.) cach n-occus .i. is amail baile dam gach inad a mbim. Nó brigh .i. cumair nó baile, O'Dav. 218. b.¤ .i. magh, no cnoc, no tulach, O'Cl. Note also b.¤ .i. gach ní as fogas duit, ib. bri .i. slíabh, ut est: muinnter Ch. . . . / lethais am bh.¤ Bhreg tar fál, Ériu xiii 65 § 52. losaid fer foirbrig ogh mabuaid mbreg mbras `of great hills', xvii 91 § 10 (MS.), xxii 42 (n. loc.). Fig. breo os bri (of God), SR 3079. See breó, 1 tulach. b.¤ na mbreg `the princess among princesses', Metr. Dinds. iv 326.3 . ? a bratán os b.¤ , LU 4317. Also expld. as plain , O'Cl. mar uinche bri tuireadh glossed: magh tuireadh, note b., Hard. ii 296.2 . ro slechta maige a mórchaill / . . . / Mag nItha tes B. buadchind, LL 554 (Leb. Gab.). ? conid de atáat na bríse. Mag ṁBreoa .i. Mag ṁBreg, LL 37044. Cf. O'Mulc. 154 cited above.

Frequ. in nn. loc. See Hog. Onom. Brí Leth, Trip.². 992 .i. mons, note . usque ad Bri Erigi a Bri Erigi usque ud dorsos Breg, Thes. ii 271.40 . a mBrig Leith `in Brí Léith', Ériu xii 160 § 26. do Brigh Leith, 152 § 15. oc tochailt Sídh Breg Leith, 186 § 17 . do thogail B. (read Breg, Thurn. loc. cit.; bria, brith, v.ll.) Léith láine, Metr. Dinds. ii 4.22 . Muridach Tírech din B. (: rí), LU 4179 `from the Hill' (= Tara ?), Metr. Dinds. ii 14.15 . Boand blagh-glan ass in B., Ériu vii 220 § 13. a mBrig Ele . . . .i. a sidh Brig Ele, RC v 202 § 21. a bruachaib Bríg Molt, SG 362.22 .

See Brega.

2 brí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 brí or dil.ie/6778
Last Revised: 2019

 

n flame; anger, wrath (?), curse (?) : bri gach ṅ-accais, Corm. 8 (= cach n-ogus, Corm. Y 149 ). am bri danae (.i. am bréo, sic leg., LL 1560 ) = am brigh dond (BB), IT iii 61 - 62 § 123 .

3 brí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 brí or dil.ie/6779
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n Apparently abstracted fr. bríathar. Expld. as word, speech : bri ┐ rethor .i. breuis ┐ orathor (`orator. This gloss seems an etymology of . . . `brīathar',' n.8), O'Mulc. 159. bri .i. briathar ut est tisca bri ban finn .i. tinnscedal uim briathra na mban fia[l] nó taithnemach `i.e. word', O'Dav. 232. `b.' (brigh, brídh, v.ll.) briathar, Metr. Gl. D 17 , Lec. Gl. 261 , Stowe Gl. 235. brí no brígh .i. briathar, O'Cl. bri .i. briathar (in expl. of brimon smetrach), Auraic. 1329. See bri(a)mon. bricht .i. bri ocht .i. ocht mbriathra and, 1427 . bricht .i. brigh a hocht .i. brigh briathar .i. hocht mbriathar and, 4482 . dobértha bretha co mb.¤ (: haenmí), Acall. 7430. ? co mbríg (bri, v.ll.) deóraid, Metr. Dinds. iii 184.15 . bri cen dochta (glossed briathar co ttegoscc no co munadh, note 1), Leb. Gab.(i) 194.11 . ? Cf. LL 37044 cited s. 1 brí .

4 brí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 brí or dil.ie/6780
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj expld. as short, near , see exx. cited s. 1 brí .

bri(a)mon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bri(a)mon or dil.ie/6786

 

n in phr. b.¤ smet(h)rach (B. na f., formula). See neimthes, smetrach; b.¤ in this phr. expld. as word-feat : bri [.i.] briathar ┐ mon .i. cles (LL), RC xxvi 55 , Auraic. 1329 - 30 . Note also: brī cach n-ogus (see accais), ut est isna Brethuib Nemed: brimon smetrach, etc., Corm. Y 149 , Corm. 8.

bríán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríán or dil.ie/6789

 

n [o, m.] ( brí ): b.¤ .i. tulachán, H 3.16, 64b19 . tar na bríanaiph `over the hillocks', RC xi 129.z .

briar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. briar or dil.ie/6794

 

n (cf. OE brér (brere), mod. brier, briar, Metr. Gl. 50 ). Expld. as pin, brooch: b.¤ .i. dealg, ut est br[i]ar derg dealg n-uingi, O'Dav. 200. b.¤ .i. delg co tócbáil fora cinn .i. bri tulach, H 3.18, 64c4 . b.¤ .i. delg nuinge (.i.) óir ut est im Brethaibh nemidh. b.¤ delg nuinge, Corm. 7 = Corm. Y 143. So also Metr. Gl. 34 § 27 , Lec. Gl. 562 , M 356 .

1 bricht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bricht or dil.ie/6810
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: brechta

n [u], m. Cf. brigaid. Not always dist. from brecht (partic. in metrical applications). bricht (drúadh) m. g s., n p. brechta, IGT Decl. § 71. incantation, charm, magic spell: in b.¤ gl. carmen, Ml. 76a21 . b.¤ .i. epaid, Auraic. 4540. briocht .i. dráoidheacht, O'Cl. dichan brichtu din forsan crand sin, Corm. 32. b.¤ ┐ bacc is bachall, 6 . tria brichtu ┐ dicetla ┐ cantana, Dinds. 18. fithnaise F. ┐ brechtai B., LU 10776 (TE). docechain brictu furri, Dinds. 113. focheirt bricht fair 'casts a spell upon it', RC xxvi 12 § 8 . tria derbairde brechta do denum doib, Aen. 1494. Of weapons, etc.: iar cor dó brechta hi fáebur in bélae, LU p. 272 note a. ic cor breachta neme inti (sc. a stone for use as missile ), RC xliii 84.3 . dina brechtaib cumachtaibh sain na n-arm, ZCP xxx 127.3 . Various: ba b.¤ bladmass (of a victorious expedition), Bruchst. i 6 § 3 , IT iii 40 § 36. (of fascinating beauty) briocht sorche, ZCP xiv 218.12 .

With qual. gen.: fri brichtu ban, Thes. ii 357.8 (Patrick's Hy.). dim láim rígdai brechtaib (brectu, v.l.) ban mberar, Echtrae Chonnlai 122 § 6 . focheird b. comga a protective spell, 6404 . breachta diablaidhechta, Fl. Earls 132.26 . a recht conscéra brichta drúad, LU 10035. brechta druidechta, 4028 ( SCC 48 ). b.¤ drúadh aga dídean (a country), IGT Decl. ex. 1542. toingidsum luigi fo b.¤ nimide (leg. nimi de ?), O'Curry 735 (H. 3.18, 352). b.¤ serce a n-urlabra an ḟir, Prolegomena 45 § 26 . sianargan (see Gloss.) in brechta sídhe, Acall. 3482. baindia an bhreachta shíothchána (of Cupid), DDána 78.9 . b.¤ suain, RC xxiii 420 § 36. a gnúis bhláith go mbriocht toile `with love-charm', Studies 1921 , 589 § 9 .

Metr. octosyllable, (a group of) eight syllables as a metrical unit (see Murphy Metrics 27 , IT iii 130 ; Lochlann ii 51 ; EIS 208 ): b.¤ .i. bri ocht .i. ocht mbriathra and, no b.¤ iarsinni brigtair ocht sillaba and, Auraic. 1427 - 8 . ótá dialt cotrici brict, IT iii 20 § 59. brict . . .: tech duind damaig, dun coṅgaile, etc., 22 § 66 ( Murphy Metrics, 60 § 43 ). b.¤ int ochtmad deach. forinní brígther. ar is de dogníther nath, Corm. 17. brechta remitiagat felessa ann dogres the lines of eight syllables precede the lines of four syllables in it (sc. dechnad brechtḟelesach) always, IT iii 40 § 37. (name of metre) b.¤ nathrach Nede, 103 § 193 . nath dēbrechta—nath sēbrechta n. with two lines—n. with six lines (Meyer), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 24 § 1 - 25 § 4 , IT iii 39 § 31.

Compds. With nouns. suan re bás brichtbodba (sic leg.), MR 170.8 . brichtscribhenna briste catha `spell-writings that win battles', CCath. 5329. With adj. earlamh . . . briochtghlan, bennuighthe ` radiant ', BNnÉ 155 § 1 . With adjj. derived from nouns. claideb . . . breachtfaebrach a éo, IT iii 199 § 59. (in name of metre) dechnaid mbrechtfelessach with lines of eight and four syllables, 40 § 47 . 6 § 5 . With part. co minnaib . . . bricht-rinnta . . . ar foradh gacha flatha `diadems adorned with magic scrolls', Celt. Rev. ii 208.22 .

brigaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brigaid or dil.ie/6815
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: brigriu, bricht

v (perhaps brígaid from bríg. cf. rob [ḟ]ír fírthar, rob bríg brígther, Ériu xvi 66.14. But rhyming examples are lacking (but see Celtica xxiii 172 )) expld. as shows; asserts, declares; adjudges; respects; proves, verifies, confirms (= confirmare): brigh .i. foillsiugh, ut est ro bo bith-buaghlach bailedhach buadhartha brighaid sencha[ide] .i. robo buadartha in[n]í brighit na senchaidhi ┐ na mór cineoil .i. foillsighitt, O'Dav. 297. brighther .i. raiter no brithemnaigther, ut est crolí bais brighther do cach iarna miadh, 268 . brioghtar mesge. i mblechtaibh damh, Ériu xiii 41.7 = brigther .i. airmitnighther . . . brigther meisce mlechtaib dam `drunkenness is respected in the potations of parties', O'Dav. 247 , O'Curry 2757 ( Eg. 88, 81a ). bricht int ochtmad deach. forinní brígther, Corm. 17. 18 . bricht iarsinni brigtair ocht sillaba and `because eight syllables are shown there', Auraic. 1428. do adhaltrachaib in betha brighaidh (brighaibh, v.l.) Sen senbrethaib `that S. declares', O'Dav. 121 (cf. Laws iv 370.2 ). brīg dō ri cāch brēthir announce . . . the word, ZCP xi 80 § 4. brigfaidh Andcrist proicept sulbair `wird . . . kund tun', Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 59. brigaiss I. im[ma] thūaith / tríchait catha fri cech ríg `launched' (declared ?), Hail Brigit 22 . na briguid briathra sceó laidib rígnaib for bronnaib (rhet.), LU 6635 = brigriu, TBC-I¹ 2095. brigtair laidi in tres laechrann / fri dos deimin derbtair máil, IT iii 64 § 131. breg do brea brigbrechtaibh / brigtar broine bri (bronni brú, v.l.), 35 § 15. in bar brigas buaid, BB 380b19 . C. . . . / brīgus būaid brīathargloin / parrdus do blāth, Arch. iii 219 § 1. Legal (see also O'Dav. cited supra): bri[g]thur a faithcib fir fuighill .i. firenuighter fuigell uime ona féinibh, Laws ii 12.1 , 3 Comm. a belibh batha brighther gach forgell, O'Curry 1744 ( 23 Q 6, 31 ) = confirmatam est testamendtum in morte, 1743 . do sui dia bal brighthar iar firinne fath .i. . . . firenather, 2408 ( Eg. 88, 32 ). dosli dia buna brighthar `he incurs a fine, on whose family it (the crime) is proved', Laws iii 408.12 . brigter airer erenar / i cnocbeim col, 536.16 Comm. gach lugha leir brigtar saorcoraib dia nderbaib diubartaib manub duine-orgain no nach col coiclithar, O'D. 794 (H. 3.17, 570). acht ma sruithe beo rob bidbanus brigter deiliudha datha, 2202 (Nero A vii, 140b).

Note also: brigais beand siuil .i. ro broghastair no ro brighasdair benn bruit siuil ar an slait siuil hoisted (?), Nat. Lib. G 30, 110.22 (difft. vb.?) `displayed ', Ériu xxiv 14.

Vn. bricht, Wortk. 35. See also O'Dav. 121.

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