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1 airbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airbe or dil.ie/1609
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Airbiu

vn. of ar-fen. io, [n.] d s. Airbiu, LL 14067 . Later f. (often as dental stem) oirbe, IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) hedge, fence, paling: ní bíd clad na hairbi na caissle im thír, LU 10568 . cūaille airbed inna lāim, Cáin Ad. § 3 . dogníther cuairt nairbed uime, Thr. Ir. Gl. 22.29 = d'imbe, Corm. Y 674 . teit C. . . . ┐ ataig a thraig fri airrbe, LL 14115 . bla cuaille airbi, Laws iii 290.10 . caithe tar a.¤ , iv 124.z Comm. teit tar airbid do saigid feoir aili, 110.27 Comm. aithgin na n-aile ┐ na n-a.¤ ón macc, i 98.8 Comm. re hoiledaib ┐ re hairbedaibh, iii 186.2 Comm. ailedha ┐ airbedha, O'Dav. 281 . cith . . . cor bris gach oirbi i tarla, RC xviii 151.3 (Tig.). a tighe ┐ a airbeadha, AFM ii 652.3 . co ndernsat daingen airbhe etorra ┐ a namhaitt, vi 2220.17 . a.¤ druad druidic hedge, name of some magic obstruction to keep off an enemy (see TTr. p. 129 , V. SS. Hib. i clxi ): co raeirgatar a n-airbeda drúad impu, LL 239a47 ( TTr. 1672 ). F. . . . as é do righne ind erbhe ndruadh do Diarmait, AFM i 194.11 . Fig. a a.¤ ibair ` yew fence ' (term of reproach addr. to a person), Bruchst. i 27 § 60 . Mathias tend eirbe, Gorm. Jan. 30 . Of a shield: gur bo hoirbhe tréitholl . . . an tromsgiath don toinnseamh sin, ML 88.17 . Cf. tolla. (1 toll).

(b) Various applications. pen for animals: acht bid o lias no a.¤ adriastar a laegh `provided it be in . . . a pen her calf is tied', Laws iii 228.7 . tuircc airrbe, O'Curry 881 ( H 3.18, 394b ); 'a pen-reared(?) boar' EIF 85 . a brog no a lamann do fagbail don gataid a mbel na ha.¤ , 2427 ( Eg. 88, 33(34)d ). maic becca doairchellat bó ┐ cethra olchena im airbhetha `within their pens', Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ruba lín in fiada .i. cosa in lín .i. osairbe . . . .i. fer benas ruba lin i tír a chéli cin athchomarc .i. . . . in a.¤ (of catching game by driving it into a space enclosed by a deer-fence), O'Dav. 1366 . le hosnaduibh elbhadh / a n-orsanaibh oirbedh, IGT Decl. ex. 156 . Of the ribs of the body: airbhe .i. asna, O'Cl. co ndrochradar . . . doid fri dóid . . . ┐ airbhi fri hairbhi, TBC-LL¹ p. 381 n.6 . acc aicsin a airrbhi bháin / forsan tráigh ós Aingi uair, AFM i 480.15 . a dá a.¤ `his two ribs', Metr. Dinds. iii 372.87 . toidet . . . a.¤ in mīl mhōir, Ériu ii 124 § 71 . Of fighting-men phalanx, serried rank: cenmotha na ha.¤ mora Maicedondai, Alex. 43 . athe regdai a n-airrbe friu, Rawl. 83b12 (= airbre, Ériu vi 121.z ). crothais A. a.¤ īath nEthomuin, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 3 ( Rawl. 116c 13 ). na hairbheda órarmacha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.10 . ag taobscannradh a tiugoirbedh `their close-packed files', 67.38 . do dhruim comharc . . . nó togharma an airbhe, L. Cl. A. B. 46.38 . go rabatar na rígcholna ina réidairbedaib ar na raonródaib (description of carnage), Caithr. Thoirdh. 42.6 . fálairbi ferrda . . . Frangc, MR 214.17 . gor ba a.¤ aighbéil anrata iat-sein eturru (of raised weapons), 140.11 . In n.loc. A.¤ Roḟir in Conaille Murthemne, see Walsh, ZCP viii 555 . Dún na nAirbed, LU 399 .

Cf. eirbe.

babb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. babb or dil.ie/5066
Last Revised: 2013

 

interjection (probably not Irish, but a version of the Greek exclamation of surprise βαβαι; cf. in continental word-lists babe admiratio est and babe ammiratio) wow!, whew! Stud. Celt. xxiv/xxv 56 , Celtica xxv 93 : b.¤ interiacht adbligthe de nomine bainb Bris maic Eladain, ar nī raibe i nĒre muc bud grátu. Babgither didiu a hainm-side, Corm. Y 118.

bág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bág or dil.ie/5152
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -aib

n ā, f. Perh. not orig. distinct from báid, q.v. for reff. to IGT Decl.; ascription of certain exx. doubtful.

(a) boast, threat, promise, undertaking, declaration: bagh .i. geall—ut est do bert . . . bagha . . . for sluaigeadh, Thr. Ir. Gl. 58 s.v. barr. baghi (sic). .i. gnim [ut est] baghas ar mbagha finda, O'Dav. 324. bagh .i. briathar, O'Cl. bag ┐ maidhem a threat (to inflict an injury) and a boasting (of injury inflicted), O'Curry 2422 ( Eg. 88, 33b ). bagh .i. ria ndenam chinaidh .i. an bagh re séd sundradach a specific threat (?), ibid. Cf. 2571 . Cf. maidhem iar ndenam cina, 2424 (33c). faisneis fir iar mbagha esamna .i. iar mbagha dó do dén olc frit ┐ adeir go lasamail, do den olc. Ocus is de ata, `ni bera fiacha fear bagha lasaman,' 2595 (50e). rom-ṡóerae, á Íssu,/ ar écnairc do báge, Fél. Ep. 490 (: pláge). ar na ructha do bag it cend that your boasting might not be turned against you, LU 8990. ar ngníma ropsat mára/ar mbága rapsat beca, Ériu i 72 § 4 ( LL 29430 ). ro bruiset baig ┐ brethir i cend demuin, LL 364 marg. sup. na briss brethir [na briss] baíg, TBC-LL¹ 3509. eipstil co mbágaib ┐ tómthaib ┐ ironaib innti, Alex. 782. Cf. PH 1131. borrfad is báig, SG 65.13 . cidat mora bar mbága frimsa . . . ni chumaic nech uaib ni dam, LB 115a32 . nó maided for hUltaib. . . . Nī collad bāg hi suidiu (i.e. the undertaking was fulfilled), ZCP viii 319.8 (Laud Gen.). ní ba bréc in bágh it will be no idle boast, SG 88.2 . do regra na bagi sin to answer that challenge, Cog. 74.23 . cend mic Conaing ina láimh, / do bháigh for ionchaibh mic Taidhg, AFM i 504.z (`to exhibit it before the face of'). anat for mbriatra bági boastful words, LU 8425 ( FB 29 , rhet.). ? sgiath an bhádha mar do bhual, Aithd. D. 63.23 (`the shield of His love'). ? ba b.¤ ám dait-siu ga (= cía) dobertha do greimm catha gan díchill lind i[n]diu (Medb to Fergus), TBC-LL¹ 5942 = ba coir duit-si, TBC St. 4812. ba bāg dōibsom an toitim oc tesorcain a n-eiti, TBC-I¹ 3435. Cf. ba slúagad baga (buadha, v.l.) dó in sluagad a hosting in fulfilment of an undertaking, TBC-LL¹ 463.

As vn. E. oc báig mo marbtha frim threatening to kill me, RC xiii 377.10 . inn ingen asatái oc báig boasting , TBC-LL¹ 3497. do chualaigh . . . na fineadha ag báidh dá bhuandhíochur threatening to expel him, ML 80.22 . bátar occ báigh ┐ acc baccar dul do indradh Tíre Conaill, AFM v 1812.4 .

(b) fight, contest, striving; act of contending, etc.: comrama et baga Poil `P.'s conflicts and battles' gl. bonum certamen certaui, cursum consummaui, Wb. 30d12 . bid adas far mbáich, 5d35 (`proportionate to your struggle', GOI § 249.5 ). a sgel nglan / di bagaib Dhe `contests', Blathm. 93. rugais mac friom baigh to contend on my behalf (?), 156 (`of whom I vaunt'). robūi oc bāid fri Conchobar, Ériu ii 26 § 7. fri báig is búnad prímda `for battle he is a pre-eminent stock', Thes. ii 295.14 . ciṅg báge, Fél. July 24 . bagh .i. cath, O'Cl. ni comtig beó da mbágaib, TBC-LL¹ 4390. nonbur 'sa mb.¤ ri Bregmag, Metr. Dinds. iv 340.6 . oen tarb . . . rempu / . . . / oca mbáig ar búaraib defending (?), 70.27 . fri (= frim, TBC-I¹ 1212 ) baga berai fri náimtiu ascada cen claideb fa allud, LU 5686 (rhet.). a cléth bága fría naimtiu, TTr.² 1621. fer bagha ┐ buancosanta Lethi Cuind, RC xviii 285.6 (Tig.). ar bid tresi ar mbagi anāit baga Foraind, BB 240a18 . buadugad cacha bágha, MR 258.23 . déd ban ┐ bel corcra / dán trén bágh an banntrochta, Prolegomena 45 § 25 . báigh 'na n-aighidh to fight them, Aithd. D. 33.16 . gabhaidh báigh gach aoinfhear undertakes battle (?), 38.23 . i nDruim Ríg . . ./ luid b.¤ for macc nDomnaill the fight went against, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 13. is maith chosnaidh a Briain do báidh, Cog. 78.5 . Cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 111.3 . Aithd. D. 39.6 . báidh d'eas nó d'aol do d'fhaoilinn / red chnes chaoilshlim competes (in whiteness) with (the foam of) the waterfall, L. Cl. A. B. 216.35 . iarna luathletradh . . . do bagaid (leg. -aib) bidbad, ZCP xxx 69.1368 ( LL 408az ).

lá bága day of battle; a day's fighting: sind ló baga sa, TBC-LL¹ 444. as usa limsa aisg d'fulang na gan cungnam le mo cairdib is in lo bágha sa aniu, MR 284.23 . naoimh . . . an bheatha / . . . / go dteagaid linn i lá bágha, DDána 25A. 31 . do thabairt a lai bágha lea bunadh ceineoil, MR 284.17 . thugais linn do lá bágha you fought on our side for a day, DDána 30.16 . Cf. fri huair ṁbáge the threatened hour (?), the day of conflict (?), SR 5115.

With various verbs: slúag romaith ind rígsa / lasa tá mo bágsa `along with whom is my fight', Fél. Ep. 162. lámh oirbheartach ré mbí ar mbágh, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 4. bágim báig for Laignechaib, LL 6343. na fer báig a Fergus ar buaib sceó mnáib Ulad, LU 6623 (rhet.). na fer baig . . . dit díth claidib, 5429 (rhet.). ni math d'ferus baíg / darochar a Chú (Fer Diad speaks), TBC-LL¹ 3962. a Ḟlaind . . . / nocho lind beri do báig, LL 7531. in oen-ḟecht dobertis a mbaig, CRR 57. cet cia théis fri báig, Fél. 4.14 . fuair a dochar dol re mbaigh (leg. baigh), Anecd. ii 39 Poem 23 § 3 . doconnarc-sa F. ag slaidhe slúagh ar ar bris báigh, Fianaig. 80.22 . do-ní in fer ´s a síd so | báig im a rígaib rompa `boasts (or `contends´) about its kings´ Celtica xix 40 § 2 .

(c) warlike qualities (?), boldness: at mathi . . . Fir Breg . . . im blad im báig im cridechairi, LU 4267. bar mbaid ┐ [b]ar mbeodacht fen, TTebe 2710 . eter . . . gráin ┐ báig ┐ chostud, TBC-LL¹ 5172.

? nach b.¤ forsa torchair / mo menmae múad medrach `battle,' Fél. Ep. 361 (promise ?). nir ba h-aitherrach báigi na bisig, MR 314.23 . do bhrígh a báigh / le mnáibh síl gCuinn contending (in generosity) (?), L. Cl. A. B. 236. 143 . deochain bunaid baga, Gorm. Jan. 23 (`warlike'). Petrus co mbaig mbunaid, Acr. 27 (`blessing').

Freq. in chevilles: brígach b.¤ , LU 4135. oen-ri bethad bag cach noib, Rawl. 84b37 . bāig go mbloidh, ZCP viii 114 § 15. ní baid briathrach, BB 273b30 (= bágh, LL). Cf. MR 264.6 . báigh briathar, Aithd. D. 8.22 .

In n.pr. Cú Bage, LL 322f1 .

Compds. With noun: M. bagfer, Gorm. March 31. teichis . . a nertaib bághfear as hard as he could go, RC ix 470.x (ICM). With adj.: co lathe brātha bāgmōir, ZCP iii 18.20 .

báigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báigid or dil.ie/5175

 

Forms: bágaid, -fidir

v also bágaid (bág).

(a) declares, asserts, utters; undertakes: dobeir barr, no bágu / Nouimbir for slúagu, Fél. Nov. 30 ( .i. geallaim, O'Dav. 253 ). cé ro báige `if thou engage that it is', Ep. 27. bagim-se, LU 10424 (rhet.). robāgus . . . comroc fri C. imbārach I have undertaken, TBC-I¹ 1189. firfitir baga baigfithir (-fidir, v.l.) fir truth will be uttered (?), ZCP viii 565.8 (rhet.). bagasu in scel sa, Ériu v 234.30 . bágim báig for Laignechaib / . . . / na fríth sluag de Gaedelaib/ bad mó ánlecht, LL 6343 ( ZCP xxiv 142 § 48 ). bagaim conid bairdni bind. / debidi alaindi mrind, 5257 . ra bágait a mbrechta. ┐ ra canait a ndíchetla, 32474 ( TTr. 1671 ). baigim co fir . . . nach dernais . . ., MR 202.1 . b.¤ bréithir declares: baighis C.Ch. a breithir . . . con-soifed a cloich fuirri, ZCP viii 542.1 . baigim-si briathar . . . nach d'ic t'ḟalad . . . tangasa riot-sa, MR 262.y . báighim-si briathar cumad ferrdi lim-sa gach lerdacht . . ., 308.11 .

(b) threatens (folld. by rel. clause or direct obj. of thing threatened, FRI of person against whom threat is uttered): aní báigther rim, mo marbad, Trip.² 620. in gnim ro baigistar, O'Curry 2423 ( Eg. 88, 33ab ). in tan baighis nech olc ┐ forcumaing an tolc sin . . . don tí ris a mbaigther, 2422 (ibid.). ní baga fri ríg, LL 345a25 . robáighed friss ┐ doráidhsed droch- briathra, RC xvii 29.16 (Tig.).

(c) glories, boasts, prides oneself (on) (somet. with refl. inf. pron.): báigmi gl. gloriamur, Wb. 2d 15 . Tuatha Dē, ba tolc tréine, / im (for, v.l.) thuaith mBolc bāigsit rīge, ZCP xiv 176.1 . cía nos baigea ingen F. . . . im gním co cumachta, LU 3894 ( SCC 40 , rhet.). cia not bagea uall ollimresan, 3904 (41). ? ron bagi mór caemchenna, LL 35926 . 35923 .

(d) fights, contends (?): condom-roib it rígu / na ní ara ṁbáigiu `for which I contend', Fél. Ep. 360. di thúathaib toinget di rígnaib báiget fri namte agat, LU 5473 (rhet.). dursan nach Loegaire Buadach báigestar, LL 14271. bris, buail, baig iat `war against them' (of sins), Ir. Lit. 8.7 . lúaidfe molthu Maicc Maire / báges ar mbága finda `who fights our white fights', Thes. ii 353.2 (Hy. vi).

(e) Miscellaneous: m'atchí cech ben báigid `talks' (?), Fél.² cxlv 29. cuairt buadha ris a mbádhuim (leg. mbágaim) to which I refer (?), Ériu iv 112 § 1 (`whereof I make boast'). conid chucum bagthir cach ndelb sóer every noble form is judged by comparison with mine, LU 10313 (H, Tochm.Em.). ar cach n-olc atágur-sa / bágur-sa mac nAengusa I invoke (?), SG 389.41 . Oliuana, baigthi treith, SR 2499 `extolled by princes (?)', 1 tríath .

beithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beithir or dil.ie/5603
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beithre, bethrach, beithrech, ghuaisbheithre

n g s. beithre, bethrach, beithrech. Usually f., but note g s. an ghuaisbheithre , Studies 1918, 281 § 9. b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 163. From ON ber(a), Zimmer, ZDA xxxii 285 f. , but this disputed Bidrag 121 . According to Wagner from an OE dialect form beora, beara Ériu xxviii 5 . Cf. Ériu xix 114 , Sprache xliii 172 n. 2 .

Usually taken as meaning bear, but as a rule loosely applied. Freq. as laudatory epithet of warriors (cf. 1 art and Wortk. 43 ): fuil losgann is bethrach ngarg / ┐ fuil leoman lánard, ZCP v 504.12 . (one of the events of doomsday. The birth of Antichrist ?) ingen dotngēna fria hathair / amail nathruigh / dia do bethraigh (sic leg. ?) / an mac geinfeas what a monster, ZCP viii 196.24 . (of a chief) brīg bethri, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 42 § 40 ( Corp. Gen. 4.3 ). bethir ar beodacht `a bear for bravery', Ann. Conn. 1404.4 . (of the Dond Cualṅgi) co ruathur bethrach / co mbruth biasta / co mbuilli latraind, IT iii 246.9 ( LL 33011 ). ni dligh buachail b.¤ a cowherd is not entitled to a wild animal (to serve as herd dog ?) O'D. 2418 ( Rawl. B 506, 54.1 col. 2 ). gríobh dhroibhéil d'fheithimh Uladh, / b.¤ oiléin d'fhásughadh (of a leader), DDána 75.44 . fúarais ac léim chluidh chathrach / guin nathrach is béim beithreach, IGT Decl. exx. 2038 , 1882 . ingheiltfid an mart ┐ an bh.¤ = the cow and the bear shall feed, Isaiah xi 7. b.¤ `a bear', Eg. Gl. 100. (to death) cosmhail le b.¤ nimhnig, / le gríbh thú, nó le faolchuin `some fierce animal' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 66.17 . Fig.: as mé an b.¤ . . . / as mé Maodócc mórmiolla (in previous lines M. calls himself leomhan and mathgamhain), BNnÉ 285 § 273 . (of the murderers of Cellach) beithri nach somolta sin, / ceithri comalta Cellaich, Metr. Dinds. iii 414.11 . (of the world) is tú an bh.¤ bhéimeannach, TSh. 2121.

Fig. with complimentary sense brave warrior, hero, chief : for-bris Bresal Bēlach / bethir borb buaidgniad, Corp. Gen. 9.7 . a Loegairi . . . a bethir breóderg, LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). na beitreacha cruaidi cathbuadacha, TBC-LL¹ 3863. tri beithreaca beodha . . . / triar laoch, IT ii2 146.5 . M. / b.¤ fhaobhrach onórdha, O'R. Poems 1522. na beithre-se Mac Míleadh, Measgra D. 54.60 . beithre `heroes', AFM iv 750.19 . Applied to a lady: a bh.¤ chorcra, TD 15.48 .

bern

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bern or dil.ie/5714

 

Forms: berna, beirn, berne, bearn, Bernai, bernad, berna, bearnaidh, bearna

n ā, f. also berna , d and n. a s. B. Chon Culaind, RC viii 54.20 ( LL 13397 ). d s. b.¤ , Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad., v 93 § 30 , beirn, LL 17995 , g s. berne, AFM v 1636.9 . bearn f., IGT Decl. § 39. a s. Bernai, Corp. Gen. 206.17 . g s. cacha bernad , LL 8030. berna f., IGT Decl. § 4. a s. bearnaidh, Éigse xiv 98 § 29. g s. bearna, § 28 .

Gap, breach; pass, defile; hence weak position in defence or attack: dot luid i mbernai (ar berna, v.l.) ar-mo chenn-sa thou camest into the breach against me, Sc.M² 13. is b.¤ ina coṅgaib catha a breach in their battle position, CRR 57. do coimét na mbernd cumung robui ag techt aran slia[bh], ZCP vi 56.10 . annsa mbeirn = in the gap, Ez. xxii 30. aonfhear faire re seasamh gach beárnan, Keat. Poems 463. nī fhūicēb-sa an b.¤ (bern—, v.l.) sin dom c[h]onāch gan caithem, ML² 1412. bearna as mo ré `a part of my life-span', Dán Dé xvii 8 . ar bearna an bháis, DDána 30.6 . ? berna a eric, Laws ii 98.6 .i. ar in fechiumh nos gaibh, uair do rochuir ní di, 13 Comm. b.¤ na ngrás gur daingen duid refuge , IGT Decl. ex. 411.

In phrr. b.¤ , berna churad, ¤míled etc. breach made or occupied by a warrior, etc.: ruc beirnd curad . . . dar cath na nAnmarcach, Cog. 188.23 . ra briss beirn míled i cath na ṅGréc, LL 32300 ( TTr. 1488 ). do bris b.¤ céit isin cath i n-urc[h]omair a aigthi `made a breach of a hundred', Fianaig. 90.30 . berna cēt, TBC-I¹ 3672. Phr. b.¤ báegail undefended or weak position in defence or attack: a ḟágbáil ar bernadaib bǽgail nó ar doirrsib aideda, Mer. Uil.² 99. ni b.¤ bægail in læch fuil and `no easy victim', Aen. 750. See gábud . Hence b.¤ position of danger, strait; fight: iar ṁbrath na mb.¤ , Rawl. 69a27 . suan ón bheirn `from fight' (Vocab.), O'Hara 2609. re ndul san mbeirn, Dán Dé xxv 21 . gap; break, flaw in general: (expl. Bernán Brigte, name of saint's bell) foceirt forru co mmebaid ass a bernn `its gap broke out of it' (i.e. a piece broke off), Trip. 114.14 . (of a drinking-horn) sēt blāith cen beirn ` ungapped ', Measgra Uí Chl. 150 § 19. an bhearn do-cháidh san chloinnse `the gap thus broken in her family' (by a death), Aithd. D. 13.10 . dar bernadaib in inair sin, Acall. 5808 n . tar beirn na luirige, BB 435b46 .

Compds. trias na beilgibh bernbriste dorónadh las an ordanas broken into gaps, AFM vi 2300.2 . See berrbróc. beilge berncairrgidhe na banBhoirne, Hugh Roe 242.13 .

1 bil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bil or dil.ie/5877

 

Forms: -e, bili, bile

n f. g s. -e. a d s. also bili. See ZCP vi 438. rim, border, edge: bile gl. urla (cf. orla, orlum, orlus, Du Cange, urlo `to border,' Med. Latin Word-list, J. H. Baxter and C. Johnson), Ir. Gl. 191. Usually of shields: imma chromscíath . . . cona b.¤ áithgéir ailtnidi, TBC-I¹ 1917. crandscíath . . . iarnae fair co mb. chotut (sic) chondúala with a hard . . . edge, BDD² 810. dondscíath . . . co mb.¤ finddruini, LU 6560 (= TBC-I¹ 2045 ). bil chondúail crédumai, 8638 ( FB 47 ). b.¤ fri b.¤ (of warriors marching), 8705 ( FB 53 ). a chind do bualad dar b.¤ in scéith ar n-uachtur, LL 10738 ( TBC-LL¹ 3779 ). do scíath go mb.¤ óir (`golden rim', Manners and Customs iii 457.32 ), 10921 . tug urchar . . . cor ben a mbili n-uachtarach a sceith `upper rim', TTebe 4889 . cæcoit sgīath gu mbilib (n-imlib, v.ll.) ōir impu, ZCP iv 33.3 . co raibhi ar bile sceth Fir Diad, TBC St. 3241. sciath . . . cona bili orloiscthi fora drumthimcheall `its burnished rim', Aen. 1959. conda-sesguing a sgiath oda bhili go broin (= ō a bhili ?), RC xiv 256 § 2. co rascailt a sciath o bili co bord, TTebe 4276 . cor' bris in sciath o bili co brón, Acall. 6943 n . o biledhaib na mbrecsciath, Ériu viii 44.33 . Other applications: for a b.¤ `upon its (sc. a chess-board's) rim', Fianaig. 14.13 . brugh bile goirmdhéise is geal, DDána 119.36 . dá madh liom Alba uile / óthá a broine go a bile, Measgra D. 46.2 . ? (of `necklets' made of tripe) cona secht mbille do blonaig bruithi, MacCongl. 89.13 . ? lecca huara iar n-aire / baile for barrḟinn bile, AU i 392.13 .

Compd. (of a diadem) bil-cimsu oir deirg fris `borders', CCath. 4704.

boingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. boingid or dil.ie/6314
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bongaid, buingid, buing, boing, buich, -bocht, boing-, boin-, bain-, -buṅg, bongar, bóus, bibhsa, biba, bibhsiutt, -bobig, buich, baichsead, bibsat, -bocht, bochta, búain, boing

v also bongaid, buingid. See Vendryes, Études Celt. v 240. With non-radical -n-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 339 , 477 , GOI § 550. For long ō of subj. stem (bōss-) postulated by Thurn. Hdb. § 616 note ex. bóus cited infra. For future see § 657 , 666 , 667 . buing, boing, IGT Verbs § 76. Pret. 3 s. buich included here may acc. to Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 477 belong to another stem buig: see also GOI § 694 (c), Thurn. KZ xlviii 65 - 66 and Celtic Verb 117 n. For pass. pret. -bocht see GOI § 707. The stem boing- becomes obsolete in mod. Ir., but its vocalism seems to have influenced boin-, bain-, late forms of benaid.

Pres. indic. 1 s. -buṅg, Corm. Bodl. 34.26 . Pass. s. rel. bongar, Mon. Tall. 132.19 . Pres. subj. 3 s. rel. bóus (B. na f.), ZCP v 486 § 6. Fut. 1 s. bibhsa, O'Cl. ? 3 s. biba, Trip. 88.1 . 3 pl. bibhsiutt, RC xii 106 § 155. Pret. 3 s. -bobig, RC xi 446.y . buich, LU 352 (ACC) (arch. by-form, GOI § 694 ). ? -baig , Celtica xxi 119 § 6 . 3 pl. baichsead, O'Cl. ? fut. as pret. bibsat, LU 6194. Pret. pass. -bocht, Thes. ii 334.3 (Hy.v). part. bochta, RC v 201 § 20 . See also 1 bocht, -bochtae. Vn. búain, boing.

(a) breaks, smites, strikes: (rhet.) fortut brágit bibsatar, LU 10361 = beufsatar (bebsatar (St.), n. 16), ZCP iii 255.y . boingidh méin in uma `they (i.e. `in lucht') break up the copper-ore', Hermathena xxi 4.z. craitsiusa conbobig a mmer ( co mbobig, Contribb. 239 `so that he broke her finger'), RC xi 446.y . Cormac cain buich (.i. ro bris) neoit (.i. gainne), LU 352 (`destroyed niggardliness, Stokes RC xx 44.18 ). ro ches gair co mbuich (.i. . . . co ro brissistar cath for Demun ┐ domun) `until he routed', ACC 39. Cf. bach .i. brisedh, O'Curry 972 (H. 3.18, 416). ruthid hedh baeth foa mbi / do fuit co mbuich a chnami, ACC 39 Comm. buich, bugh .i. briseadh, O'Cl. bibsat ind fir na bú tairis `drove the cattle across' (Faraday), LU 6194 ( TBC-I¹ 1711 ). comboing in cethri darsna slúagu sair, 6207 . luighiu mac int soihfesai | ron buich tres bēim uí Rossa 'the oath of the children of poesy, one of the three blows of the grandson of Ros ... has broken it', Ériu lix 126 § 8​ .

(b) cuts, reaps; plucks, gathers; ceso femmuin mbolgaig mbuṅg (: sund), Corm. Bodl. 34.26 (s.v. prull) bung, mung, bug, mbuing, v.ll., Wind. Festschr. 17.47 , 12.44 . lathe búana dí madbocht (.i. maith ro boiṅged), Thes. ii 334.3 , 27 (Hy. v). ? nescietur cóich biba coich beba who shall cut down, who shall die, i.e. who shall reap and be reaped (by death), Trip. 88.1 . Cf. beg bríga bebsat bibath (bi bath, text) midlách, MR 170.8 . bert bond bochta blaith, RC v 201 § 20 (bochta[i] bláith `flowers were reaped', Ériu xxii 42 § 5 ). methel ón ní is meato (sic, Lat. meto) .i. boingim, O'D. 520 (H. 3.17, 422). bibhsiutt buain cech raithi `they shall reap a harvest', RC xii 106 § 155. luss bongar ind domnuch . . . nó cnoi bongar dia domnaich `that is cut . . . that are plucked . . .', Mon. Tall. 132.19 , 21 . biorar bhuingim-si, BS 94.13 . ma ro boinged `if (the fern) has been cut' (Gloss.), Laws i 172.13 Comm. ní bia . . . .i. ar na boinge fid a feraind, iv 124.18 Comm. ro boingeadh damna in cleib no na cleithi `were cut', v 474.24 Comm. lus cech galair . . . / boinghcter uile a n-ocht kalaind, Ériu ix 66.12 . a cnúas ni buing dalta dhó `no fosterling . . . breaks off', KMMisc. 174 § 31. (? B. na f.) ní bhoingfedh (.i. fásfadh, 379.15) cairche as anad `he would not harvest', ZCP iii 378.5 .

(c) exacts, levies: bongur eiric dít isin agra nindlighthech, O'D. 546 (H. 3.17, 435). B. na f. tor (.i. triath) bóus (.i. toibhgis), ZCP v 486 § 6. Note also: ughdar bleacht na mbeart (mbreath v.l.) gan bhréag do bhuing `of . . . judgments framed without mendacity', Ó Bruad. ii 200.z .

(d) With prepp. ní bhuingeadh gaoth cairche a hindlibh ó mheadhon foghmair go meadhon Earraigh `did not take a hair off the cattle', AFM i 90.7 . do bhoing sé a hanumhla inn, IGT Decl. ex. 320. sé líne do bean a broid, ex. 297 . mór do bhoing dím gu drásda / grásda rígh an chroinn chésda, IGT Decl. ex. 38. nar bhuing d'fhiliodhoibh urroim `who have not refused respect to poets', O'Hara 1308. do bhuing do Thadhg ar thagair `he refuted his (T.'s) contention', Content. xx 10 . re síth Duirn buide buinges `lying close up against the side of D. B.', SG 179.12 . Tuatha De . . . / for Thuaith mBolg baichset righi (glossed: do bensat T.D.D . . . righi Erenn do Feraibh Bolcc íar mbrisedh orra), Leb. Gab.(i) 158.2 . ? slad croinn na deachmhaidhe dhí / do bhoing mear-chraidhe ar gach mnaoi, Dán Dé xxvii 23 . níor bhoing sliocht an álaidh ort did not wipe away (?), 14 . do bhoing lubhghort an Ríogh ruinn `God's garden has become ours', 24 . is cumae fiach neich adchi ┐ na naidhbhridh, ┐ nad boing iarum fri nech chuilles soíre in domnaig who does not exact (a fine) against (?), O'D. 1938 ( Cod. Clarend. 15, 6c ). Part. precise (?), complete (cf. becht): triochadh bliadain mbochta (.i. iomlana), 23 E 26, 140.15 = bai triocha bliadhna mbochta (glossed: triocha bliadhna móra, nó móaightheacha (sic leg.), no iomlana, no on mbochta (`of poverty'), Leb. Gab.(i) 68.9 .

bóit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bóit or dil.ie/6331

 

n = móit. búid bóid, f., IGT Decl. § 14 (69.4) . Conn mhac Úna nár bris bóid, IGT Decl. ex. 680. feidm bóideadh dāeine da deōin / aeine in beōil in cōiced cēim, ACL iii 237 § 25 `a willing service of men's wishes', Aithd. D. 62.25 .

breó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breó or dil.ie/6725
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: breö, bréo

n d, f., also m. n s. breö (disyll.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25.9 , bréo (monosyll.), Fél. April 15 . flame lit. and fig.; very frequ. of saints, heroes, etc. in complimentary sense: inna briad gránna gl. piræ . . . diræ, Lib. Hymn. i 34 n.24 . breo .i. lasair, Thr. Ir. Gl. 131 s.v. primda ( Fél. April 15 ). bréo .i. teine no lasair, O'Cl. breo di thein, LL 18143. is bréo do loscud (hell), LU 2448. in tech ina thuir trichemrūaid ┐ ina briaid adbulmōir `a huge blaze', MacCongl. 105.3 . breo taitnemach amail caindil, Laws i 142.z Comm. cóic cét déc do breoaib tened, Alex. 702. cathair Ch. do loisc sain / dá thoisc gur bris na breoghaib, Caithr. Thoirdh. 33.36 . ro mheabhaidh na bairilledha ina naén b.¤ lasrach `burst into one blazing flame', AFM vi 2012.8 . In phr. b.¤ t(h)ulcha lit. fire on a hill-top , see 1 tulach I (b), oft. simply large fire. Of burning as punishment for unchastity (cf. nach ingen dogníd buís . . . no breotha, PMLA lvi 941.20 = LL 37043 ): donither . . . bréo tulcha don merdrig iarsin `a hill-fire', Fél. 98.32 . Note further: breo tulcha do denum . . . ina tusmit do genib toratharduib . . . d'uililoscud, CCath. 943. bogeb-sa br[e]ó thelcha tend. / nom loiscc eter chend is choiss, LL 29549 (taken as bró quern, Ériu vii 223 § 34 ).

Fig. Patraicc . . . / breō batses genti `a flame that baptized heathen', Thes. ii 322.5 (Hy. iii). Brigit . . . / breō órde óiblech, 325.15 (Hy. iv). a Stefan . . . a b.¤ náob `O Stephen . . . holy fire', Mon. Tall. 131.16 . b.¤ digla / drech curad (of Lóegaire) (rhetoric), LU 8610 ( FB 46 ). mo siur mo brathair beó (sc. Brigit ┐ Fintan) / ana da (sic leg.) b.¤ fri cech ró, LL 4764. Barra bréo n-eccna `a flame of wisdom', ZCP i 64 § 73. Findachta . . . / breo chet ninsi, IT iii 14 § 29. ān breō cin brēthir mbraisi `a glorious flame' (of a hero), Ériu ii 16 § 7. in brēo bāgach / in glēo gnimach (sc. Crimthann), RC xxxvi 262 § 3. brëo fri brūach `a blaze' (of a shield), Ériu xx 192 § 1. bréo neime 'a lethal fire', BDC 132.438 (of a boulder)​. a bhreo (: cheo) dearg (to Aodh Óg), DDána 110.51 . bréo ar bhfírfheirge `the flame of our indignation', Studies 1921, 589 § 5 . (B. na f.) ac proceapt na mbréo (of a devout person who attends religious worship), ZCP v 486 § 8. co rē na mbréou ┐ Aoda Dorndine (= Oirdnide, ed.) (? B. na F.), viii 103.6 = co haimsir na næmh ┐ Aeda Oirdnidi, Ériu ii 186.24 .

In cheville: breō do rath, Ériu vi 122 § 13.

Compds. With nouns. slicht cen breobail `without flaw (?),' Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 1. teine do bhreóghabhail isna bairillibh púdair `flared up', Hugh Roe² 306.25 . brogsat brudni breogaili, RC xxii 395.15 ( BDD 69 Appendix). 'na breólasair `like a bright flame', Studies 1923, 422 § 5 . ionann . . . Brighid ┐ breo-shaighead .i. saighead teine, Keat. iii 765 . (n. pr. f.) cona mnai Breóthigirnd, LU 10953. breo thuair, etymol. gl. on brāthair, Laws ii 346.14 Comm. With adj. a Loegairi . . . a bethir breóderg, LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). With verbs. ní do bhreoghoin Seon `wounded J. sorely', Ó Bruad. iii 128.9 . breoagit (= āgit ?) .i. immeclaigit they fear as one fears fire (?) (`etymology' of Brigit), Thes. ii 325.28 . Brigit .i. breosaigit `they flame-seek', 327.18 .

bris(s)ed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bris(s)ed or dil.ie/6847
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: briseadh

u, m. vn. of bris(s)id. briseadh, IGT Verbs § 71.

(a) act of breaking; a break(ing): brisiud (.i. do min[bach] feda ┐ crīnac[h]) brister co llāim (i.e. firewood), Corm. Y 119. di brisiud a chomlad, Críth G. 214. ar daigin bristi in aile `of breaking the fence', Laws i 174.15 Comm. a ndelba do brissed, PH 737. ac brised a duine ┐ a cathrach `breaching its fortresses and cities', Marco P. 128. an sēpēl . . . do bloghadh ┐ do urissedh, Fl. Earls 146.14 . tri .l. long . . . do brisidh ir-Ross C. `were wrecked', RC xvii 235.1 (Tig.). teit soidhnein ┐ teinntec as in mbrisid sin `rupture' (from heat and cold in cloud), Ir. Astr. Tr. 150.29 . brised conni a breaking of the appointment (for a truce), Ann. Conn. 1309.8 . is e is brissed do'n aithne-si, PH 7715. briseadh cána `breach of Rule' (of religious order), PBocht 1.1 . is briseadh a spioraid urchóid = perverseness . . . is a breach in the spirit, Proverbs xv 4.

(b) act of injuring, breaking (partic. of persons, parts of body): a mbriseadh na gcnamh = ossium fracturis, 23 K 42, 70.2 . briseadh .i. guin, O'Cl. cos na circe do brissiud, Fing. R. 315. do brisiud cend for mac fri clocha, MU² 932. do linadh . . . hi (sc. colann in Tigherna) do bhristibh (= fractura, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 3812. a mbrisedh bo for injuring a cow, O'D. 343 (H. 3.17, 265). Fig.: brisiuth aicnith `mastering of nature', Ériu vii 138.24 . ba brisedh aiccnid mor la C. sin `a great heartbreak to C.', CCath. 3321. go mbrisedh croidhe saothair `overpowered with toil', Fl. Earls 142.33 . cosachtach maille re brisidh `coughs along with rupture [of veins in the chest]´ Ériu x 147 § 4 .

(c) Freq. of battles, etc., us. with FOR of defeated party act of defeating, overthrowing; defeat, rout: brisiud múad mórchatha (rhet.), LU 8686 ( FB 52 , cf. Celtica vi 231 ). ní fír fer do slúag . . . brisiud for óenfer n-anaichnid eturro, 9215 (94). eter brissiud catha ┐ immairec ┐ chomlaind `the winning of battles', RC xiii 442 § 17. do bensat . . . righi Erenn do Feraibh B. íar mbrisedh orra, Leb. Gab.(i) 158 note 1 . fer tri ṁbristi `the man of three routs' (Táin 4524), LL 12016. biaidh briseadh ort (= dispergaris, Deuteronomy xxviii 25 ), TSh. 10800. do chuir an briseadh ar sluagh Uladh, Keat. ii 4546. Note also: ni ruc orra gan brised o cheile an lá sin wherever he caught up with them he scattered them, Ériu v 192.18 .

(d) In more abstr. senses of breaking or violating laws, etc.: brisid turrtaige `violating thy protection', Laws i 164.12 Comm. do díghaltus bristi a rechta, RC xxiv 378.z . ar egla bhriste a hodachta (= ne perderet virginitatem suam, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 267. do mhac . . . dom ṡárughadh, ┐ mo bhriosiodh dhó, TFrag. 66.4 . briseadh na haithne `breaking the com- mandment', Dán Dé v 23 . do brethnaighetar lucht na cathruch brisedh air `would have broken faith with him', BCC 256. gan brisedh = inuiolably , RSClára 2a .

(e) In qualifying phrases: Cobthach Cóel Breg briste clar, Rawl. 88b53 . bande . . . brisde sida `goddess (sc. Alecto) . . . of breaking peace', Aen. 1628. lucht briste an dlíghe Dé ZCP iv 400.12 . See cáin.

See bristed.

bris(s)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bris(s)id or dil.ie/6848
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: brisde, bris(s)ed

v (bres ? See Thurneysen, Keltoromanisches 94 s.v. (Fr.) briser; Pisani, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 50 - 51 ; cf. also Études Celt. xxv 129 ).

I Trans.

(a) breaks, smashes; destroys; gl. benaid, 1 bronnaid, con-boing: rosbriss no roben (gl. rosṁbī), Thes. ii 346.31 (Hy. v Comm.). ronbris, ronbrúi, O'Mulc. 830 g. na robris gl. nádchombaig, Thes. ii 346.30 (Hy. v Comm.). brisi . . . cia robria ord for inneoin `breaks', O'Dav. 300. brisid scíathu lenna laech, LU 3632 ( SCC 31 ). brisus (brissis, LU) Fergus . . . .iiii. carptiu dēac, TBC-I¹ 325. ro brisiset cleith di clethaib ind rightige, LU 8371 ( FB 25 ). brister in carbat, Laws iii 264.23 Comm. gur mhionuigh ┐ gur bhris iad, TSh. 821. anbthine . . co ro-bris a longa ` wrecked ', PH 7040. Of bread breaks (into parts); cuts up: tuccad (bairgen eorna) . . ., ┐ ro-bris , PH 1771. Of inflicting physical injury breaks, fractures; injures (bones, limbs, etc.): brí ([ro] bri[athar], ed.) .i. brisster . . . diablad n-aithgina neich ro briathar .i. diablad sin boin bristi ┐ bó laisin mboin slain, O'Dav. 287. ro brise Cochlán gilla Léith, Ériu xiii 66 § 61. Cf. co ro brised leo C. gilla L., Dinds. 126. go róebriss (curro bris , Stowe 5021) cnáim i n-a chind, TBC-LL¹ 6138. brister coss erēne circe, Fing. R. 310. tothfond foro co mbrister `until they (sc. horses) are injured', Laws i 164.14 Comm. In more abstr. sense. na briss . . . mo chride, LMU 18 ( IT i 81.37 ). ro brissed (rus-bris, v.l.) co mór `he was greatly broken', RC xiii 60 § 55. nīr bris a hōigi in t-Ardrī did not violate, ACL iii 244 § 10. In poetry, causes imperfect rhyme (by not employing corresponding consonant classes): snaidhm gaídhilge agus a glas | créad bhriseas 'what causes the binding of pronunciation and its clasp to be imperfect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 1 . bristear aghaidh i n-aghaidh | comhardadh ag cosanaibh 'consonants corresponding to one another make rhyme imperfect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 2 . See also comardad (c).

(b) With following prepp. etc. cid nodmbrisi in fer so a bóairechas? what deprives this man of, etc. (?), Críth G. 145. brissis gésca din chrund, Fraech 196 .

(c) defeats, puts to rout; overthrows; gl. maidid, sraínid. Absol. and with FOR (AR) usu. with obj. cath, irgal, etc. Also with DI: muna má .i. muna mbrisi, O'Cl. rosroena .i. robrisse gl. roróina ( reunn cathu, 18 ), Thes. ii 325.36 (Hy. iv Comm.). ? brissid úath n-adarccna (rhet.), LU 8354 ( FB 24 ). brisid Cūc[h]ulaind tricha lōech dīb cosin tailm C. overthrows (injures ?) thirty . . . with the sling, TBC-I¹ 1075. brississ tola he (sc. C. Cille) subdued desires, ZCP viii 197.5 . brister immairecc fairsom gl. conterat, Wb. 7c4 . cach immarec . . . is M.F. nod ṁbrissed, Fing. R. 61. ro brisius aurgala / for triunu na túath, LU 9349. noí catha ro brissitár rempu, 2797 . oenḟer ro bris for cach, Sc.M² R 8 . Note also: an tí dobrisfeadh uirre gan an chain ┐ an cadhus sin do dhíol `whosoever should refuse to pay (her) that tax', etc. Ériu v 94.17 . brisis Mogh Nuadhat de `M.N. defeated him', Keat. ii 4077. brisfighear díot fá uile ríoghachtaibh an dómhain (= dispergaris per omnia regna, Deuteronomy xxviii 25 ), Eochairsg. 80.5 . Fig. go mbrisfimni (mbrisimni, MS.) . . . / don ríoghraidh ghil `we (sc. poets, with our . . . praise) shall put to rout', Ériu ix 164 § 14.

(d) Of an oath, pledge, justice, etc. breaks, violates, transgresses with prep. FOR (AR) prec. indirect obj.: dia brisistair na reanna aicsidi ┐ nemaicsidi fair when he violated the stars, visible and invisible, Dinds. 81. bristir fír fer for Coin C., LU 5839 (TBC). ni ba me brisfes firindi fair lit. (that will) infringe justice on (him), Aen. 2744. do briseadh cunnradh ar cách, DDána 21.1 . Conn . . . nár bris bóid, IGT Decl. ex. 680.

II Intrans.

(a) breaks; breaks down, fails, comes to an end: ni robris (= non est fractum), Lat. Lives 80 § 73. ge nār brissetair leaca oigridh na prímhabhann, Fl. Earls 64.14 . do bhás uí Ch. . . . / druim ratha Banbha do bhris, SGS iv 66 § 27. brisfidh do dhearc your sight will fail (in death), DDána 43.8 . With AR: brisidh uirre re lo conoidhche it opens (of an abscess), 23 K 42, 434.18 . fa dheoigh air ass iad (sc. bronnta) do bhris `the gifts . . . failed him at last', O'Hara 950. With amach: brisfid do chantaóirighe amach le fíon nuadh = thy presses shall burst out, Proverbs iii 10. no gur bhris síad amach a harm an Priustúnidh `they broke away from', Rel. Celt. ii 206.6 .

Part. dar bernadaib brisde , CCath. 4104. for comardad briste imperfect rhyme see Murphy Metrics 1 , Ir. Syll. Poetry 8 - 9. bristi, na bi a n-aic[d]e ` broken (silver), not made up', Laws v 396.19 Comm.

Vn. bris(s)ed.

See bristid.

bristech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bristech or dil.ie/6850

 

adj [o, ā] ( bris(s)ed): ina buindeadhaibh . . . bruachbristeacha with breaking banks (of overflowing river), TBC St. 3238. 'na ruithnibh bristechaibh re mórtonnaibh in mhara refracted (?) (of sun's rays), CCath. 1925. bristeach a méin, olc a rún fragile their character (women), Dánta Gr. 82.6 .

bristed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bristed or dil.ie/6851

 

x = bris(s)ed: da cconmhail o brisdedh do ghabháil `to prevent their flight', Rel. Celt. ii 188.2 .

? bristid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? bristid or dil.ie/6852

 

x = bris(s)id: san bhlar do bhrisd (: Uighisd), Rel. Celt. ii 248.21 . do bhrisd se cath . . . ar Dh., 160.30 .

brosna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brosna or dil.ie/6996

 

Forms: bronasnae

n (-ae) io, m. faggot(s), bundle of firewood, fuel: b.¤ .i. bris-nī (bris ne, MS.) insin .i. brisiud (.i. do min[bach] feda ┐ crīnac[h]) brister co llāim ┐ nī bīail gabar dō, Corm. Y 119 = brossnai .i. brissni, etc., Corm. 6. in brosnae (bronasnae, MS.) dombert side dia edbairt fesin gl. Isác cum lignis, Tur. 123. brosne crin gl. gremium (leg. cremium, Psalms ci 4 , edd.), Thes. i 3.27 . cosin brosnu gl. gremio `with the sheaf', Tur. 127. b.¤ crínaig, Trip.² 128 = nutrimenta ignium, Lat. Lives 46 § 38. cía nodbena-su, a chaillech, / b.¤ (brosnad, v.l.) dia ind fort tellach `faggots from its bole' (of Bile Tortan), Metr. Dinds. iv 242.26 . utlach-brossnada mora `lap-faggots', CCath. 3978. b.¤ braei laime gac ein fir a full armload (?), RC xliii 106 § 111.

Extended applications: b.¤ do setaib gabla `a bundle of the lowest seds,' Laws v 478.25 Comm. ? for b.¤ brigi .i. for feirtsi carpait no airm, RC xxvi 30 note 1 . gor bo b.¤ bodhbha . . . gach colg `bloody heap', MR 274.9 . bláth bruinne bran brosnaib (b., ban brosnad, v.ll.) gual, Ériu ix 46 § 14. = . . . b.¤ gūal (B. na f.), ZCP v 490 § 17. amru brígaib, brosnaib gal (chev.), SR 7027.

Metr. b.¤ suad, see IT iii 121 § f . One of the sixteen divisions of poetry known by a file, 29.20 . b.¤ s. .i. am ron gab: escraib cornaib caírib, etc. Is b.¤ s. sin (annsin, v.l.), acht rop commar (robo cummair, v.l.) cach cethramthu don runn, 30 § f. Note also: (as kenning) Eo Rosa . . . / b.¤ suad (rhet.) ` faggot (?) of sages', Dinds. 160. See brosnach.

2 bruïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bruïd or dil.ie/7091

 

v (? special use of 1 bruïd) expld. as forgets. In foll. perh. suppresses, turns down; overturns: ní brúifem (brudfe, v.l.) an núallsa `we will not forget to acclaim them', Fél. Prol. 304. ni bruifem .i. ni dermatfam brui .i. dermat ut est . . . ni bruifem anuallsa, Thr. Ir. Gl. 127. brudh .i. dermut: ut est [ní] bruidhfe[m] in [n]uallsa, O'Dav. 256. bruis .i. soais, ut est fath bruis a ainm, 248 = fáth bris a ainm, Ériu xiii 41.8 .

cailte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cailte or dil.ie/7767

 

n , f. (calad) meanness, stinginess, niggardliness : is aigi atat na se maccu mieinich .i. dochell ┐ dibi ┐ diultadh, caillti . . . (of Athairne), RC xxiv 280 § 20 . do-llēce cailti do eslabrai he must replace niggardliness by liberality, ZCP xi 96 § 54 . nēuit ┐ caillti a fail inmusa, iii 450.7 . ? neute .i. c.¤ .i. drochtaige, ut dicitur: corbmac conbuith neoite .i. ro bris for c.¤ , O'Curry 116 ( H 3.18, 73 ). descaid caillti cesachtoige, Anecd. iii 15.15 . ind-imnochta toltanaig (sic leg.) / cen cāilti (sic) cen claon, ACL iii 320 § 95 . nech aines i ndomnuch tri faill no chaillti stinginess, Ériu vii 150.9 . In chevilles: cen chaillti (: airddi) cert, SR 4215 . cāilti (sic) clē sinister hard fate', Fianaig. 46.1 . c.¤ no caillte .i. cruas, O'Cl.

carpat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. carpat or dil.ie/8251
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cairpthiu, -thib, -tiu, -tib

n o, m. a d p. freq. cairpthiu, -thib as well as -tiu, -tib.

(a) war-chariot. Somet. also car, waggon, etc.: carbad, cart cogaidh, coiste, Eg. Gl. 114 . hi cairptib ┐ in n-echaib, Ml. 43d3 . connacha gluaistis in charbait, 96c13 . firfaid cairpthiu co ndathrindi tau bodbdai, Ériu xvi 83.61 . coro imluaid in goeth inna cairpthiu, Trip.² 497 . inna charput, Vita Br. 9 . ara n-indled a nōi carpti dí, TBC-I¹ 153 . cona dichtheth c.¤ friae, LU 4797 (TBC). err oéncharpait, 8505 ( FB 35 ). imlaat .ix. cairptiu, 10562 . .vii. carbait dég de chairpthib Conaire, BDD² 588 . cid carbad, cid cathbarr óir, Metr. Dinds. iii 260.21 . fri himc[h]omarc dā c[h].¤ , Corm. Y 1082 . na bris . . . cairptiu ar túath, TBC-LL¹ 765 . combruissitis a cairpdé (: dé), SR 3968 . da ba ar crossa, ┐ da ba ar cairpthi (of fees), Laws v 94.14 Comm. ingen charpait `base daughter', iv 10.14 . carbad cumaile gach aoi anamhna (of fee for poem), Ériu xiii 27.9 = Laws v 62.x . ní léictis Níall i carpti, Ériu iv 98.y . lorg an charbaid `the track of the chariot', O'Hara 3324 . do chéad-chuir rotha i gcairptibh, Content. iii 20 . ar scibadh a lúirech loindrech / a crúisiuch 'sa carbad, Studies 1920, 417.6 . i n-árach nó hi c.¤ baoi a chorp car , Hugh Roe² 166.10 .

(b) In legal phr. c.¤ ar imram expld. as one who has stock but no land (see The Iron Age in the Irish Sea Province 62 ): carbat ar imram .i. crodh aiceside ┐ nocha nfuil ferann, Laws iii 142.15 Comm. c.¤ ar imram screpall a eineclann, O'Curry 325 ( H 3.18, 179a ). in foltach fuithribe . . . ┐ in c.¤ ar imram . . . nocha nfuil eneclann do neoch dib a n-ecmais a ceili, O'Curry 1732 ( 23 Q 6, 28b ). mata ferann fochraici con carbat ar imram is laneneclann do cinmotha ochtmad eneclainni, n. ib. ? Cf. ni roibhi moin di argat / rulla a Criost caincarbat (of Judas), Blathm. 110 `against the fair body.' c.¤ na n-ogfeine . . . in tamain filidh, Laws i 106.9 Comm.

(c) gum, palate (see Loth, ZCP iv 104 ): carbad a bheil, cairein, Eg. Gl. 179 . a charbat leanaim, IT iii 85.6 . coretarscarus a ch.¤ fri alaile corice a brāgait, ZCP xiii 176.22 . ro tirmsat a mbeoil, ┐ ro cruadhaighset a carbait, CCath. 2536 . incinn in míl do coimelt do carbad na lenamh, O'Gr. Cat. 229.16 . ag leanmhain d'á charbad no d'á fhiaclaibh, Eochairsg. 97.27 . a charbaid mhaeil gan ḟiacail `thou of the bare and toothless gums', Oss. ii 38.12 . asa carbut uachtarach, Acall. 2225 . ? imfuirmed a carpad clis itir a dá láim `palate-feat', Ériu i 114 § 2 . Of animals: c.¤ bo bricce for benn, IT iii 81 § 57 . glomar a crais . . . ac taidligud ima carbad (of a serpent), TTebe 2065 .

Compds. With nouns: fonn fulaig carpaitniadh chariot-fighter , Anecd. ii 52.9 . c.¤ saer ┐ ailtire ` chariot-builder ', Laws v 106.7 . With adjj.: ruire Cuirrich carpatrēid `with swift chariots', Ériu xvii 42 § 22 . hi flaith Cuirrich carpatruaid, 38 § 4 .

2 cathach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cathach or dil.ie/8348
Last Revised: 2013

 

ā, f. (subst. use of 1 c.) relic, reliquary, taken to battle to ensure victory: tri meirgi . . . .i. in Ch. ┐ in Clog Padraic . . . ┐ in Mísach Cairnig, RC xxiii 404.15 ( Aided M. 217 ). c.¤ Iarlaithe do sarughudh le Dal Cais, RC xviii 152.6 = iar saruccadh cathaighe Iarlaithe, CS 336.2 . Of Colm Cille's psalter: iomcoimhéd cathaighe Colaim Cille, AFM v 1612.7 (see n.). ro beanadh bheós an ch.¤ Colm Chille amach, iv 1232.20 . Of St Caillín: ro ordaig . . . C. c.¤ . . . do Conmaicnib do bris[iud catha] rompa (of a hazel cross), Fen. 194.3 . ? Cf. a ch.¤ Ché (of a chieftain), DDána 110.50 . Perh. also enclosure : imain i catha (? leg. cathaig) saeth bedhgaidh driving into an enclosure infected by bedgach CIH i 6.25 , EIF 197 n. 90 . Cf. Contract Law 315-16 .

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