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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

adannta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adannta or dil.ie/299

part. of ad-annai, kindled, lighted: a shútrall adanta o thenid na peccad, PH 8249 . caindel ciartha adantai, Ériu v. 120.22 . rochraithistair aithindeda adanta, TTebe 1365 . in chaindel adanta .i. Cuchulaind , TBC-LL¹ 502 . bid caindel ard adanta, (of a person), BColm. 10.30 . redla adhanta enigh ┐ engnamha (of a chief), AFM iii 98.9 . rosc n-airárd n-adanta, TFerbe 40 . gruadh adhanta nár hadhnadh (wife of MacSweeny), TD 27.42 . As subst. in concrete sense: feib no bedis adhanta tened . . . ic uliloscud in baili, CCath. 784 .

ad-gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gair or dil.ie/453
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ad-gaur, adgair, adgair, -acair, atgairith, adgairet, -acrait, adgairther, -agarthar, -acarthar, -acarar, -agartar, -acair, ad-gaura, -acrai, -aigera, -aicerat, -aigérthar, ad-gérad, adobragart, adrograd, agartha, acrae, acraid

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 533 ). Forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-gaur, Thes. ii 228.30 (PCr.). adgairim, LU 10289 . 2 s. adgair, Laws ii 118.24 . 3 s. adgair, Laws v 100.21 . -acair, Laws i 102.x . 2 pl. atgairith, Wb. 9c22 . 3 pl. adgairet, O'Dav. 136 . -acrait, Laws v 118.10 . Pass. sg. adgairther, Críth G. 61 . -agarthar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . -acarthar, Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . -acarar, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . Pl. -agartar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . Ipv. 2 s. -acair, KMMisc. 262.13 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ad-gaura (ad-gara v.l.), Anecd. iii 26.6 . -acrai (acro, v.l.), 22.22 . Fut. 3 s. -aigera, Laws i 272.11 Comm. 3 pl. -aicerat, Laws i 116.26 Comm. Pass. sg. -aigérthar, MR 294.2 . Condit. 3 s. ad-gérad, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . ( Laws iv 220.7 ). Perf. 3 s. adobragart, Wb. 19b5 . Pass. sg. adrograd, Wb. 3c22 .

Verbal of necess. agartha, O'D. 546 (H 3.17, 436).

Vn. acrae.

Later as simple vb. acraid. IGT Verbs § 47 .

(a) adgaur no duttluchur gl. conuenio, Thes. ii 228.30 ( PCr. 60a5 ). adgairim firu chóicid Chonchobair immá rig, LU 10289 . is and adragart Sencha . . . ``na curid cor díb'' or se called out(?), IT i 67.9 . adrograd cath uadib impu battle was offered(?), LL 22531 ( Dinds. 158 ). doberthar in cath acruim `the battle will be fought which I proclaim', Fen. 376.19 .

(b) sues, prosecutes, impleads, accuses: ní dilgaid a n-ancride dogníther frib act atgairith `but ye complain of it (i.e. make it a cause of action)', Wb. 9c22 . sech ni acrathar ni tacrathar `neither suit nor levy is made against them' Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . deoraid bis for snadugh ni acuir ni acurthur i.e. he has no ordinary legal status O'D. 48 (H 3.17, c.43). fer adgair ┐ adgairther, Triads 161 . ni agarur nach cintuch acht do roith logh fiach adroillithur, Laws ii 14.y . ni agraid filidh acht fioruibh fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 . a[i]r ad-gérad cách di threbairi mani dénta[e] ruidles de `for everyone would sue on the ground of the owner's responsibility', Ériu xvii 70 § 13 ( Laws iv 220.7 ). is co nog-dire . . . atgairter `it is impleaded with full díre', Ériu xii 83.23 . nach coimdedh beas mo logh ne[i]ch adgair fri hinbleoghuin of that which he claims against the surety-kinsman, Laws ii 14.19 . in file . . . acras in mhed na dlighenn, i 58.17 Comm. is e in lin coibdelach acerus in rath, ii 208.25 . curub grad sechta ac aidbred a sét ac duine is isli inás ┐ curab nech ni adagara, O'D. 1632 (H 5.15, 17). is ed adgair o rigaib `this is what he sues from kings', Laws v 100.21 . ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, inge ma deoru De atgaru uadaib ar etgo i n-eclais De, 118.10 . rohagrad Cúchulaind annsin ó Ultaib C. was then sued by the Ulstermen, Ériu i 126.1 . re foraithmet na fala ro haccradh etorra that was a matter of dispute AFM vi 2266.6 . aigeóraidh sé an domhan, John xvi 8 . dá n-agra coir 'n-ar gcoinne / tagra ni fhoil agoinn-ne if thou urgest sin against us, DDána 25.4 . . . . dá ngéar-agra / an troigh 'san taobh `if Thou bringest against me the wounding of Thy foot and side', Dán Dé xvi 15 . d'éigsibh Éireann is anait / ionnmhus dā n-agraid Bréithnigh if the men of B. should demand wealth, O'R. Poems 2054 . agrais Muire . . . / mar nar dhiúlt dí o thosach he implored Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 .

(c) Various: adobragart gl. [quis] uos fascinauit [non obedire ueritati], Wb. 19b5 . ( Galatians iii 1 ) leg. fascenauit 'he [the Devil] has seduced you ' Ogma 239 , 'bewitched' LOIG 39 . In phrases, a.¤ x imm y sues x for y: mas a naenfecht ro hacrad he im fiach a laime, Laws iii114.z . créad an chóir . . . fa n-aguir inis Alban, TD 24.4 . a.¤ x i(n-) y: nech donair for imdecht . . . cén mbes sorchu al-lá ní hacarar ind he is not sued for it, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ná hagair inn sa gcánaidh, DDána 24.24 . do agradaois a ghaol isan gcion `they would sue his kin for the crime', Keat. i 68.16 . agraim ad ghealladh thú I earnestly beseech you in virtue of your promise, Mac Aingil 320 . aigéoram in gach gellad dibh-sin é, BCC 116.33 . a.¤ x for y sues y in the matter of x: sechipe tra adgaura in cain-si in domnaig gid fora athuir, Anecd. iii 26.6 . co nderna cert frit do neoch adgair fair `in what thou suest him for', Laws ii 118.24 . ni acuir in fechiumh for in cintuch in aithghin, 16.9 Comm. ná hacair for cill (chill v.l.) `do not sue the clergy', KMMisc. 262 § 15 . nī ba hē cētní aicēras demon form-sa īar n-dul anúnd, MacCongl. 25.3 . in adbaid a naigérthar uirre a h-uilc (of the soul) MR 294.2 . ni h-anagra acht fir flatha agairther oirne, 160.11 . mairg ar a n-aigeora a ḟuil, Aithd. D. 68.12 . agraigh sé orra a choingheall `forces his terms upon them', Content. v 102 . agrais E. . . . / a chunnradh ar Coin gCuluinn, DDána 82.24 . do agair a fhīch ┐ a aimréir ar Ulltaibh vented his anger on, ML² 1199 . mun agaradh a fhuaith ar bhoin `unless he vented his hatred on a cow', Ó Bruad. iii 170.12 . looks after, tends (cf. ar-gair): i tig fir adgair búar maige Tethrai, Comp. CC 26 § 17 . ni tualaing ben ro-ria ni sech oen a cenn: ada-gair a athair i-mbe (leg. mbi) ingen . . . ada-gairet a mme[i]cc i-mbi be clainne .i. urgairid a athair hi ínas (leg. anas) ingen do hi her father looks after her when she is a maiden (un married), Ir. Recht 35 § 38 . forbids, prevents: rafetarsa as peccad comaccobor hore adrograd gl. nam concupiscentiam nesciebam nisi lex diceret: non concupisces ( Romans vii 7 ), `I know that concupiscence is sin because it has been forbidden', Wb. 3c22 . adgairet .i. urgairet, ut est dechmada ┐ primiti ┐ almsana argairet ré cuaird dunebath i.e. tithes etc. prevent the plague, O'Dav. 136 .

ad-teich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-teich or dil.ie/583
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: atteoch, adeochasa, adeoch, addeoch-sa, aiteoch, atethach, ateich, atabtecham, aiteocham, ataich, attaig, aitchid, aitchem, adessam, adróethach, adróithach, atum-roethach-sa, atroithich, ataich, attachetar, attach, ataigid, aitchid

v * ad-(ath-?) -tech-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 639 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atteoch, Thes. ii 349.1 (Hy. v). ateoch, 350.14 (Hy. vi), 353.5, .11 . adeochasa (adeochosa LU), TBC-I¹ 1030 . adeoch, 1031 . addeoch-sa, LL 1021 . aiteoch, ZCP vi 258.2 . ?atethach SR 817 (with inf. pron. 2 s.?). 3 s. ateich, Ml. 39b6 . 1 pl. atabtecham, ZCP vii 485 ( Enchir. Aug. Aug. 84b ). aiteocham, ZCP x 347 § 17 . Ipv. 2 s. ataich. Thes. ii 258.11 . attaig, SR 1618 . 2 pl. aitchid, LU 8391 ( FB § 26 ). 1 pl. aitchem, SR 1613 . Subj. pres. (fut., Ped.) 1 pl. adessam, Thes. ii 300.2 (Hy. i). Pret. and perf. 1 s. adróethach, Thes. ii 353.5 . adróithach, Fél. Ep. 301 . 2 s. atum-roethach-sa, IT iii 242.225 . 3 s. atroithich, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . ataich, TBC-I¹ 1551 (= conattecht, TBC-LL¹ 2184 ). 3 pl. ra attachetar , TBC-LL¹ 2744 . Vn. attach. Later as simple vb. ataigid, aitchid. IGT Verbs § 52 .

Lit. flees to, resorts to (see attach), but invariably in more abstract meanings.

(a) In the constr. a.¤ x fri y invokes x against y. adjures or beseeches y by or for the sake of x. In Ir. Lit. 30 ff. the phrase ateoch frit is used before each of a long list of items: ateoch frit, a Isu . . . do cethri suiscelaige, etc. the actual prayer (co nimragba, etc.) following p. 34. aitchid a chenel fri Bran `he adjures B. by his race', Rawl. B. 512 fo. 120c32 (Plummer MS. notes). ataich Cuchulaind fris a chomaltus ┐ a muimi diblinaib Scathaich C. appealed to him by his foster-brotherhood, TBC-I¹ 1551 . aitchidh ainm nDe re Brigit um ní do tabairt do asks B. in God's name to give him something, Lism. L. 1316 . ō roataig-sim Colmān . . . riu `he adjured them by Colmán', BColm. 96.1 . attchim-se mo guide rutt, LL 374c23 . ro attaich Dia riss gan a clann d'easguine `she besought him for God's sake not to curse her children', TFrag. 102.9 .

(b) calls on, prays to, entreats: adiuro .i. atchim, Gild. Lor. 52 . arnādrīs iffernn uathach / ateoch in ríg adróethach (.i. roatchius) `that I may not go to awful hell, I beseech the King whom I have besought', Thes. ii 353.5 (Hy. vi). adróithach in rígraid / . . . / . . . atateochsa íaram, Fél. Ep. 301 . attecham (ateocham v.l.) na hóga / doairset ar ṅdála, Sept. 20. a Dé dulig adateoch, ZCP i 497.6 . aitchem na huili duli / . . . / cor guidet lenn, SR 1613 . ō roaitcheatar ainm Colmāin . . . tērnatar slán i tír, BColm. 94.12 . no aitchitis in coimdid, PH 4055 . aitchim a sídh `I beseech peace with them', Studies 1923. 599 § 18 . With cognate accus. issed attach adessam `this is the prayer that we will pray', Thes. ii 300.2 (Hy. i). atach ind so atroithich Colum Cille co mmáthair nÍsu, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . With follg. IMM and vn. constr.: ra attchetar . . . firu hErend ma tocbáil bar lebennaib scíath they besought the men of Ireland to raise them, TBC-LL¹ 2744 . ra adaig clanda Nemid imo hainm do beith forsin ferand ind-romarbad, Dinds. 147 ( RC xvi 160 ). ro-n-aitchiset im thomailt `they begged him to eat', PH 6547 . ro attaig a shetig Samson imme sin, LB 127b15 . aitchim an dá dheaghfháidh dhéag / fam (dom, v.l.) thabhairt do Dhia ar deighshéad, Dán Dé xxv 50 . aitchet na naoimh . . . im thecht cuca da ccabhair, BNnÉ 256 § 214 . Similarly with DO: roataigh Día codichra da furtacht, ZCP vi 94.27 . ro aitchister . . . Patraicc . . . dia choemna for a bidbaid, Irish Texts i 18 § 54 . aitchett an Coimdhe do shior / naoimh sleachta Conaill dár ndíon, iii 45.30 . adchi[s]-seom (curoataigh v.l.) in Gall dia comairqui `entreated . . . for his protection', RC xxiv 56 § 17 . Note also: aithchim ar bhar n-éigse sibh / gabháil `I implore you by your poetic profession to restrain . . .', Content. xvi 88 . Less freq. with person entreated introduced by FOR or FRI: ro atuighsead an sgol for Féinius bérla do theibeadh as na hilteangthuibh, IGT Introd. 3.17 . aitchimit fort gin ar clödh forcula do dliged ar sen, ZCP i 260.5 . is eadh aitcheas nó athchuingheas Ieremias . . . ar an duine, TSh. 1619 . in fer fodrácaib co claen aitchid fris a facbail co diriuch request him, LU 8391 ( FB § 26 ). tocht fo a thogairm ┐ an ro ataig fris do denamh `and did whatever he requested him', AFM vi 2054.7 .

1 alt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 alt or dil.ie/3016
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a., alta, altæ, altu, alta, ailt, a.

n Orig. u, m.? ( cech a.¤ , Ml. 44d2 , but ald n-airge, ACL iii 293.z , cech n-a.¤ ┐ cech n-ága, TTr.² 492 and pass.). g p. -altæ, Corm. Y 41 , alta, RC xv 487 § 1 = altæ, Ériu xix 58 § 1 . Note also a p. altu, Fél. Ep. 323 (alta, v.l.). Later with g s. alta and ailt, n p. id., g p. a.¤ , IGT Decl. § 96 .

I

(a) joint, articulation (in human beings and animals): don a.¤ gl. jugulum, Gild. Lor. 69 gl. 201 . a.¤ día altaib = iunctura membrorum (of a serpent), Aisl. Tond. 109 § 4 . rolaad cach a.¤ asa choir dam gl. ita totus resolutus sum, Ml. 44d2 . mér airindí bīs ina aonar isin a.¤ i mbī, Corm. Y 890 . robīth Cūchulaind co ndec[h]aid a altaib dō so that his joints were dislocated, TBC-I¹ 2962 . For a different use with verbs see below. cach mball ┐ cach n-a.¤ ┐ cach n-ind ┐ cach n-āge, LU 6445 (TBC). lamh airgíd . . . edír mér ┐ a.¤ , BB 32b40 . tri halta atat isin meor, PH 6837 . cen tescud alta na feithe, Laws v 488.5 Comm. ar a.¤ a dhroma, RC xxix 138 § 56 . d'altaibh in droma, Rosa Angl. 98.19 . do benadh a throigh on a.¤ amach do mhac U., AFM vi 1884.15 . an deaslámh do dhol dá ha.¤ , DDána 21a. 22 . Fig. no gur sguch mh'annsa dha ha.¤ `till my heart left its wonted place', Ériu ix 6.55 . cíoch rér tairngeadh a fhíoch dá a.¤ , PBocht 2.4 . Cf. TBC-I¹ 2962 cited above. Occas. perh. limb: an dara dairt . . . / feoil is ailt ar a hionchuibh flesh and limbs are entrusted to it (of an arrow), DDána 78.13 . gan ghoin ag Dia ní fhoil aon-a.¤ / is lia ná soin daonnacht Dé, Dán Dé x 12 , cf. Keating's use of alt, goin below. Note also: chomhdhubh re gúal gach n-ailt dhe o bhonn go a bhathus, RC xxix 114.10 .

(b) Extended applications. Of the socket of a weapon: co tarrla [in sleg] ina ha.¤ . . . féin, Acall. 4905 . ro lingiustar in lann . . . as a altaib ┐ as a imdornnchur, MR 300.9 . Of some part of a sword: da claidim deg co n-altaib, BB 280b15 . tucustar tri tren beimenna do cruadaltaib in claidim `hard knobs', MR 300.24 . Note also: co n-a.¤ imrind, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 37 . Of curls in hair: i n-earla na n-a.¤ , DDána 91.30 (of a hero).

II In literary contexts.

(a) Used by Keating (Keat., TSh.) of a subdivision of a book (leabhar), with further subdivision goin punctum, see guin, and cf. Dán Dé x 12 cited above. Perh. also in: mé dot ath-ghoin san a.¤-sa, Content. xxiv 4 (`now').

(b) Of the division between the syllables of words: indleas do dhialt . . . air ni fil a.¤ and i.e. it is improper to apply the name of any polysyllable (`recomarc', etc.) to a `dialt' (monosyllable), inasmuch as there is no a.¤ (juncture) in it, it is a unit, Auraic. 779 , 3582 . a.¤ ┐ dialt ┐ recomarc, O'Dav. 428 . a.¤ in anma prosta in re n-aimsire bis eter in da shillaib a inni, Auraic. 830 . in gne no in cenel int a.¤? Is cenel ecin, ar itat tri gnee fai .i. a.¤ saerda ┐ a.¤ aicenta ┐ a.¤ co feser, 890 . cate esse alta? . . . in toe tengadh fil don filid a[c] ceimniughudh don litir for araili mad a.¤ saerda no don sillaib for araili mad a.¤ aicenta artificial division (within a syllable), natural division (between syllables), 909 .

(c) metre (type of composition?): cia ha.¤ dona seacht n-altaib ind aircetail, Auraic. 925 . domiditer alta uad fri alta duine, 1237 . alta uad, IT iii 128.2 . co fesear cia ha.¤ huad, 3 . ca ha.¤ don maoin nachar mēin? (.i. ca haiste don eladain nachar foghlaim?) (B. na f.), ZCP v 489 § 10 . is dīlsiu don a.¤ airc[h]etail īsiu, Corm. Y 41 . do ṡluind na n-ilaltæ, ib. a.¤ .i. aircetail, O'Dav. 6 . ae a.¤ , 160 . co n-a ollaltaib cen ail (of poets), LL 18266 ( SG 84.44 ).

III Abstract applications.

(a) juncture, point (of time, etc.): ra ha.¤ na h-uaire sin, CRR 18 § 12 . a.¤ in lai sin `this very day', CCath. 5110 . i na.¤ in inaidh-sea `the nick or juncture of this place', 502 (see O'Cl. in (c) below). rob indethbir a gabail do láim a.¤ na huaire sin, O'D. 1588 (H 5.15, 8a).

(b) shape, form: an choill aig eirghe ina ha.¤ féin, BNnÉ 159 § 14 . in n-óige ailt in completeness of form, RC xxxvii 348 § 57 . Cf. Colmán . . . / la hógi a.¤ légend `with perfection of high studies', Fél. Sept. 26 . Luacair ard i toethsat fir / fuithi ata a.¤ in buanfir, Fen. 374.14 . ?tug an tAthair na a.¤ féin / a mhac (`in His stead'), A. Ó Dálaigh viii 3 .

(c) kind, sort: cia haltt delbi, PH 440 . cía ha.¤ con etir, Mer. Uil. 282 . cia ha.¤ dáine cia n-anmand, TFerbe 564 . cia ha.¤ airgne agat?, Metr. Dinds. iv 212.40 . ? ni ha.¤ coindircle maith do denam fria n-aen duin ┐ olc fri cach, YBL 168a14 . a.¤ .i. leithéid. in a.¤ an ionaidhsi .i. a leithéid an ionaidhsi, O'Cl.

(d) state, condition, circumstance: iarom bá halacht in ben / ropo mára.¤ airmiten, LU 4312 . ? nirbu mall marb-a.¤ don mnái, Metr. Dinds. iii 50.23 (` death-dirge '). gillai Chonnacht co caími / dáini ra troma.¤ truagi, TFerbe 626 . lén-a.¤ `sorry plight', Misc. Hag. Hib. 28 § 42 . ? a a.¤ a olcc / a chacht a chorp, IT iii 84 § 75 . Perh. also: créad do ghéandais san a.¤ (: falt) úd `in that case', PBocht 13.41 . Hence in phr. i n-a.¤ with gen. in a position to, able to: ná tathaoir T. / 's gan é i n-a.¤ bhur n-agallmha `as he cannot answer you', Content. iv l . ó taoi-se i n-a.¤ mh'agallmha, v l. gan é i n-a.¤ a agallmha it was impossible to speak to him(?), DDána 100.25 .

(e) way, manner: atat tri altai leusom for ind gabail i.e. they have three ways of chanting the psalms, Mon. Tall. 140.28 (§ 33) . noco n-a.¤ dōib taurcbāil a coss do neachtar de seach araile it is not their way (of two who always kept in step), TBC-I¹ 3312 . a.¤ mog mo coire (.i. is ē so gnīmrad mo coire), Anecd. v 23.5 . is ucht ra mórdílind a.¤ neich mar sein i trad-sa `action of anyone', CRR 40 . is essarcain cind fri hallib a.¤ neich mar sain, 42 . Freq. with prep. FO: nod slaid fón a.¤ cétna in the same manner, LU 3287 ( SCC 8 ). fond a.¤ sin, LL 280a23 ( SG 415.16 ). Also in phr. as cech a.¤ : cóir áli riu as cach a.¤ , LL 374c60 . fuaradar eg as cach a.¤ , MacCarthy 434 § 4 . But see: a Muire, mo bennacht ort | as cech n-alt 'O Mary, my blessing on thee in every part' Ériu xix 13 § 1 . ? a.¤ dár séan an binnse bláth `this brilliant Bench (sc. of justice) hath been our welfare's hinge', Ó Bruad. ii 276.20 .

Very common in chevilles: a.¤ cen imresain, SR 6038 . a.¤ co mbuadhaib, Anecd. i 73 § 215 . ald n-airge, ACL iii 293.z . drong tria a.¤ , IT i 78.31 . cen altu áig, Metr. Dinds. iv 98.91 . aichre a.¤ , Rawl. 148a3 .

Compds. ¤-bisech: th'earla bhíos ag breith ailtbhisigh increasing in length (?), DDána 114.6 . ¤-chaín: mānāis leathanglas fordūal altchāin uindsenn, TBC-I¹ 3346 `on a fair shaft of ash', Faraday. ¤-cháem: dfoghadhaibh altchaémha uinnsionn beautiful ash-handled javelins, AFM vi 2130.4 . ¤-chóir: aenmac altc[h]ōir, RC xxxvii 348 § 60 . ¤-géimnech: alt-gheimnech a n-a. `cracking of their joints', MR 256.20 . ¤-gorm: cloidhme altgorma, CF 880 . ¤-lethan: Echaid a. big-limbed, Fen. 28.22 .

1 apa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 apa or dil.ie/3855

Forms: apae

vn. of *ad-ben, see LEIA Cf. also Celtica i 337 § 6 . Orig. apae io, n. Later m. an t-aba, Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.16 . reason, cause: cid uma bfuilti dubach ? . . . a aba ┐ a adhbar againn, Acall. 963 . in t-aba ó ccantar Ceilbe, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.16 . cid són ar M. fail a morabba (damna v.l.) dam, TBC-LL¹ 149 . fail a mór abba ám dóibsium . . . ciarsat . . . torsig, LL 12066 . fil a abba dó, PH 1961 . cuirfidh go fada soir sinn / ni fhoil ar n-aba a n-Éirinn there is no reason for our being in Ireland, Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.17 . ? it e abbae donacht (abai danocht v.l.) C. . . . di A. i nErend, ZCP xiv 62.12 (cf. 72.7 ). aba .i. adhbhar, O'Cl.

In phrases. i n-a.: ata in aba duit-siu sin do radh you have reason to say that, BB 426b39 . ar a.¤ prep.and adv. phrase. Alliterates with vowel in classical verse (cf. ar aí s. 3 aí). As prep.phrase not to be used in class. verse with a poss. pron. except when a demonstr. follows, see Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.18-25 . Usually folld. by gen. or vn. clause, but may also be folld. by nom., Bard. Synt. Tr. loc. cit. Because of, on account of, for the sake of, etc.: ar a.¤ comruicc fri hēnḟer, TBC-I¹ 2438 . ara.¤ a māthar dīb because his mother was of them, 2247 . ar a.¤ chomlund (comlainn v.l.) oenḟir by dint of, TBC-LL¹ 3197 . foraba ḟledoil, LB 273b69 ( SG 54.28 ). ni arabba a hadartha, 235b1 . ar aba a ḟialusa fris, AFM v 1812.z . dá ngada dhíom ní dhlighe / síodh ar aba th'oirbhire, DDána 67.43 . ar aba an aba (? leg. adbair) shuthain / mór caomhna an chuirp fhréamhdhuthain, Aithd. D. 50.33 . ar aba a huilc, Studies 1921, 76 § 22 . ar aba anma aon deise `to save the lives of any two', ML 106.14 . ná bídh aire énduine . . . re anmuin ar aba ingabála dona huaislib in hopes that these nobles will quit the field, Caithr. Thoirdh. 103.12 . robtar subhaigh . . . ar aba a ttérnuídh tar gach mbaoghal, AFM vi 1922.11 . ar a.¤ a ndernais de drúis, Ériu vii 223 § 35 . Folld. by nom.: ara.¤ a fath tancammar because of the reason we have come(?), TBC-LL¹ 2136 . aicme gan aga ar a neart / an mhaicne ar aba a n-aithcheacht, DDána 60.5 . ? eisdeacht fada as fada dhamh / ar aba an eisdreachd abadh, IGT Decl. ex. 844 . leagar deoch ar áth aga / deoch ar aba cách chuga (sic leg.) he puts aside his drink because his foes are approaching him, Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.22 and notes. snáith t'oige ar aba iomrádh (: ngrádh), 141.20 . Folld. by vn. clause: nach fuighbead bo ar aba in chatha do chur as a result of fighting the battle, SG 50.13 . Note also: ar aba an cheathrair do theacht . . . níor beanadh etc. if the four had not come, Content. vi 89 . ge ead arabba sin tanic confad catha . . . `and yet for all that a rage of battle came . . .', TTebe 1599 .

As adv. phrase nevertheless, however . Perh. orig. ar apu, cf. ar-abu, MU² 1007 ( LU 1510 ). With possess. ara aba, ZCP xiv 214.6 (late). Also ar apaide (resolved by Zimmer, KZ xxx 5 as: ar a.¤ side. Cf. ar aí, araíde under 3 aí). ba mōr a uathmaire ind ḟir; fanōpair-seom araba, TBC-I¹ 467 (= ar apu; arapa, araba, arappaide, MSS, Stories fr. Táin 6 ). comalta ┐ fer bithchotaid dam Cūchulaind. Ragadsa ara.¤ ara chend imbārach, 1539 . nobered cach-ra-cluchi for C. . . . ar a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1812 . atbert ar abba a ádnocul uair ba rí he, LB 236a12 . cid ed ar abba is duine démnacdu he, PH 2688 . ba comlund cét cirthi cráeb / ara.¤ raforraig Aéd, Ériu v 223.60 (= Metr. Dinds. iv 360 ). ní fhuighe ar aba ní achd neamh, DDána 42.12 . d'fhuiling . . . anfadh fada, / armchladh é ar aba dóibh, Ó Bruad. ii 274.12 . ar apaide: ni[b]-farc[h]elsam a ócu olse ar apaide is mochen dūib nevertheless you are welcome, Sc.M² 5 . iss é óenfer ar apaide adroinni drochternam úadsom, LU 6079 (TBC). aropaidi (sic) roás ind n-imguin foraib, Ériu ii 30 § 15 . arapaidhe (arapaiti, v.l.) is menma comarba, TTr.² 182 . arapaidhe tra rosochtsat in churaid, Anecd. ii 56 § 18 .

ar-sissedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-sissedar or dil.ie/4312
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: arasissiur, arasissedar, arasisedar, -airisedar, arasissetar, -airesetar, arsissethar, -airissedar, arsissinn, aurisfemmar, [a]r-siasar, ar-sesar, arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, ar[s]isestar, -airsir, ar-sesatar, ar-said, arroissisiursa, arroisestar, arosiuir, aroisir, arrosir, tarrasair, -arrasar, arrastair, arrasair, airisid, airisem

v ( air-siss-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arasissiur, Ml. 41c3 . 3 s. arasissedar, 51b13 . arasisedar, Sg. 213b2 . -airisedar, 139b1 . 3 pl. arasissetar, Ml. 39b11 , 77b3 . -airesetar, Sg. 209b19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. arsissethar (arsissetar MS), Ml. 120d19 . -airissedar, 131b4 . Subj. impf. 1 s. arsissinn, Ml. 44d26 . Fut. 1 pl. aurisfemmar, LL 13935 . ? Pret. 2 s. [a]r-siasar (-ir, -iur), Ériu xvi 179 § 1 , § 2 , § 3 . ar-sesar, xix 82 § 1 (or perh. subj. pass. sg. (with jussive sense) of ar-said, ib. 86 n. ). arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, O'Dav. 93 . ar[s]isestar, Ériu i 215.1 . -airsir, Mon. Tall. 150.28 . 3 pl. ar-sesatar , Ériu xix 83 § 7 (or subj. pass. pl. of ar-said, ib. p. 86 n. ). Perf. 1 s. arroissisiursa, Études Celt. xl 74 ( Ml. 88a9​ ). 3 s. arroisestar, 18d16 . arosiuir, RC xiv 245.5 , 246.19 ( arosisir, YBL 212b19 ). aroisir, 246.24 . arrosir, BB 499b36 = tarrasair, Alex. 1035 . -arrasar, LU 5811 = arrastair, TBC-I¹ 1340 . arrasair, LU 6621 .

Later as simple vb. airisid. IGT Verbs § 65 .

Vn. airisem.

Stays, stands fast, rests, remains: dú inairesetar `where they remain', Sg. 209b19 . mani airissedar ind lam fri talmain, Ml. 131b4 . roairisius-[s]a, Ériu iv 134.14 . airisiu sund bic co fessur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1399 . focherdat a trí cóecta bunsach fair ┐ arsisetar isin scíath slissen uli lesseom they all stick, LU 4875 (TBC). is amlaid ata in firmamint im talmain i nairisidh, Laws i 28.25 Comm. co ro airis in long sin n-inud irrabi, LL 221b49 . aursa .i. airisi .i. arsisidar in tech fuirre, Corm. Y 35 . a roísir a láim forsan ersaind in tṡída, YBL 212b24 ( RC xiv 246.24 ). arsised íarum a cos Maile duin for folaig n-athloisc[th]e na hecailsi, RC ix 458.4 . atsisithar (arsisithar .i. doan) sist forsin port oc déchsain na hingine, ZCP v 524.28 (= assisedar, IT i 131.21 ). adre[ith] in sliabh foran sliabh n-aill ┐ airisis air remained there, Marco P. 8 . fairisidh a bhuime ┐ a aide la hUltu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 44.8 . ro loisccsed . . . Tuaim . . . ar na hairisdís Goill inntibh, AFM iii 34.x . do chuinghidh ferainn i n-oirisfemais, BNnÉ 298 § 43 . oirisit hi ffarradh Colmain, 299 § 43. comhnaigit ┐ airissit immorro an oidche sin., Fl. Earls 110.9 . airisidh agam `stay', Content. ii 7 . sréid Fergus Dubthach úad iarsin co n-arrasair di sruib fri budin anall alighted, LU 6621 . cona hédadh barr na bili . . . forsa n-airsed, Ériu xii 154.20 . ar-sesar Conchubar cētath `sat in the front seat', Ériu xix 82 § 1 . arsiasiur ri Mumhen mordescert fledtáighi, Ériu xvi 179 § 3 . arseser .i. dofeser ara belaib som isin carpat, O'Curry 508 (H 3.18, 258). ? arsiasaighther .i. innsaighi: ut est arsiasaither a bráthair Mugain .i. indsaigi ar amus a brathar, O'Dav. 93 . In sense of stops, desists, gives up: arsisetar na hoic ┐ rethaid ina suidi, IT ii1 174.17 . arsisetar (leg. arsisethar or arsisedar, ed.) Cuchulaind . . . ┐ angid na h-ocu C. desists and spares the youths(?), 175.48 . ? cach duine aridsisither ┐ nachid nanaigh, Laws iv 362.24 . Halts, delays: ni ro airisius co h-Ailech N. `I did not stay till . . .', MR 36.5 . ni ro hairiseadh leo go rangattar go dúrlas, AFM iii 16.1 . nīr hairissedh leō go riachtsat gusin Edāill, Fl. Earls 120.9 . Folld. by cen and vn.: ní oirisedh . . . gin triall a ndail Cublay insisted on going, Marco P. 85 . roairis go ceann na ree sin gan toidheacht don mhainisdeir he did not visit the monastery, ZCP v 495.7 . Endures, persists: arrosir a crodattu, BB 499b36 (= tarrasair, Alex. 1035 ). arsisither .i. tairisi, ut est nach mac soirche ┐ rl. arsisither a cin ┐ a rathas, O'Dav. 95 . fri re secht la airisis in ciaich sin, Marco P. 10 .

Other uses: airm i n-arrasar a n-uma don cletiniu where the copper separated (?) from the javelin, LU 5811 = fochuridar a úma don chlettin, TBC-LL¹ 2073 = do cuiredh a umha [don chleitin], TBC St. 1847 . ind adarc dub bis mon gai is di arsisidar in gai imtha is amlaid arsisidar in indsce don trediu sa .i. ise isi ised is attached, Auraic. 1622 . cech ní atbera frib-si cretid uli do ┐ airissid fair keep to it, LB 151b13 . conid he ni for ar airis a menma that is what they decided, LB 157a41 . airis rit muntir a mic na flatha stand fast by, LL 297a47 ( SG 364.40 ). airisid fén fri fulang cecha doccumlai `continue to endure', PH 2406 . airised rium do mhenma give me your attention, RC xxxvii 345 § 10 . gach oen airisfes frib `whoever shall oppose you', CCath. 5163 . is o chorp ┐ nemchorp ro airis it consisted, Laws i 26.10 . airim forbthi in sin, uair airissid o choitibh co coir it consists of factors, Auraic. 1446 . a athair oiris gut chéill / . . . / breth dírech as dú do fhlaith `stand fast by thy wisdom', SG 124.33 . ni ro-airis-[s]ium oc forcetul `he did not leave off preaching', PH 2552 . airisis . . . ag dion, MR 274.15 . airis Fintan ic sloind seanchassa, Ériu iv 150.11 . airis for céill remain reasonable, FDG² 2.54​​​​​ .

Trans. cinnas ḟuirechlem cinnas aurisfemmar clessu, LL 13935 . ro airis Dia athair betha dó preserved his life, LB 157a47 .

ar-slig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-slig or dil.ie/4315

Forms: arslegat, airlech, airlechtae, airligid

v ( air-slig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 631 ). Smites, slays. Indic. pres. 3 s. ardaslig tar fonnad clé / cotagoin in ríastarthe he smites them over the left chariot wheel, TBC-I¹ 72 . ardesleig isinnd āth, 2086 . tēit Mane . . . ria cāch. Araslich Cūchulaind forsinn āth, 1037 ( araslig, LU 5521 ). 3 pl. arslegat, IT ii2 211.102 ( -selgat, LU 1612 ). Fut. 3 s. arsil Ancrist . . . / in míl . . ., Fél. Sept. 29 . ? cath Srubrach arasela canan geba mén re nDund Midi for fini, ZCP xii 233 § 46 . ? 3 pl. bar-da-nessat ┐ bar-da-lessat indiu, TBC-LL¹ 5845 . Pass. sg. arsilestar irrichtu airchecht morglonn huisci, TBC-I¹ 1007 . Pass. pl. arsilsither laich, TBC-I¹ 3089 . Condit. 3 pl. día mbeith gaisced foraib arnonsligfitis co trian, BDD² 932 . Pret. 3 s. nícon ruba dóini, nicon arlaig, nicon topaig, Corm. Y 1018 ( Anecd. iv 88.2 ). araselig sem ┐ Cú C. he and C. fought, ZCP iii 251.12 . Perf. pass. sg. fail and a crund irdairc n-úag / frisra airlecht Pól, LL 370b14 . Vn. airlech, part. airlechtae.

Later as simple vb. airligid: gonaidh, marbhaidh, airligidh, BS 68.5 . gontar airlightear gach aon rob inéchta ar a ruccsat, AFM vi 1930.2 . ra airlig a nilchuradu, LL 221a36 . ón fhiallach ro airlighseat, AFM v 1360.3 .

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

clesamnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clesamnach or dil.ie/9445

adj (clesamain)

I o, ā feat-performing : in cur cetach clessamnach cathbuadach . . . Cuchulaind , TBC-LL¹ 3299 ( LL 10285 ).

II As subst. o, m. juggler, acrobat : cu[i]slennaig, cornairi, clesamnaig, Críth G. 590 . bla clesamnaig cles, .i. slan don ti eamnas na gō clis innairdi, Laws iii 284.19 . aes ciuil ┐ oirfidid, . . . cleasamnaig ┐ fuirseoire, v 108.22 . fer arbite do (leg. no) clesamnach, no nech bes cosmail, O'Curry 882 ( H 3.18, 395a ). daernemid tra . . . ┐ comhenechlann iad ┐ na pipairedha ┐ na clesamnaig ┐ na cornairedha, Manners and Customs iii 336 n. Cless ┐ Clissíne ┐ Clessamun tri clessamnaig ind ríg, LU 7645 . caniter drechta ┐ agat clesamnaig, 3242 ( SCC 3 ). asbert ind flaith . . . frisin clessamnach cotráncammár órbat mac bec ┐ ni ralá do cless n-airiut cosinnocht, 7561 ( BDD² 1173 ). cruitti, clíara, clesamnaig, SR 3420 . clessanaig, LL 3655 = clessamnaigh, Petrie's Tara 186 § 31 . clessamnaigh sceo ḟuirseoire / soinmech a ngradh ngloir `jugglers . . . pleasant their noisy calling', 179.22 . clesamnaig fri clesaib ┐ lúthléimendaib, Alex. 469 .

con-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-icc or dil.ie/12189
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: conicimm, conicim, -cumhgaim, -cuimcim, cotnici, connice, conici(d), connice, -chumci, -cumgai, conicc, connic, cunic, conicc, cotdicc, condric, darric, -cumuing, -cumaing, -cuming, -cumaic, -cumaicc, -chumic, -chumcam, -cumcem, conicid, -cumcaid, -cumcid, conecat, cotecat, connecait, -cumcat, -chumgat, -cumget, conecar, -cumacar, -cumangar, -cumangair, coniced, -cúmcad, -cuimgedh, -cumgaitis, -chumcaitis, -cuimgidis, condníis, connisor, -coemos, choníis, chonis, -chaemais, -chuimser, -caemais, con, -cumai, -cum, -chom, -caem, conidistar, -coimastar, -coemnustar, -choimsithar, -caomnais, caemhnas, conisamar, choníssid, conísat, -cumset, -cúm[s ?]at, -coemsat, -cœmset, -chaemsat, chotíssind, -cuimsin, -caemsaind, -choemsaind, conísed, connisad, -cuimsed, -cóemsad, -choemnacair, -ccaomhsadh, -cæmnasad, -caomnaistea, chotísmis, -cuimsimmis, -caemsimmis, -coemsamuis, chonísti, connistais, -choemsaitis, -choemstais, -ccaomtais, -chaemsadis, con-icub, conniciub, -cumgub, conicbe, cotniocfa, conicfa, -chumgaba, conn icfidear, conicfam, conicfid, conicfed, cotnicfat, -cumgabat, conicfed, cunicbad, conícfad, -cumcaibed, conicfimmis, connicfaitis, con-icf(a)itis, connicfitis, cotaneccar, conanacur, -coemnacar, -coemnacair, co-t-ánic, conánic, conrainig, -chaemnaic, condnanacair, conranagair, -choimnucuir, -coimnacuir, -coemnacar, -chaemnaic, conrancus, -caemnas, -coemnus, -caemnacair, -coemnacair, -caemnacair, -coimnacmar, -coimnacaid, -coemnacabar, con-áncatar, conangatar, conrangatar, -coimnactar, -comnactar, -cæmnachtar, -caomhnagatar, -chuma(i)ng, -chumngaim, chuingess, -cuingebtais, -comdaighdur, -conicab, -conice, -coni[c ?]satt, -chōem, -caomain, -chaomhsat, cumang

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 554 ). On -aing and coím- in prot. forms see Ped. loc. cit., Pokorny, ZCP xiii 109.10 , GOI 354 , 425 . Indic. pres. 1 s. conicimm, Wb. 20d6 . conicim, Thes. i 498.11 (Ardm.). -cumcu, Ml. 18b5 . -cumhgaim, Blathm. 148 . -cuimcim, RC iii 345.21 . 2 s. cotnici, LU 6381 . connice, PH 1181 . conici(d), RC xii 88 § 98 . connice, PH 1181 . -chumci, LU 5166 . -cuimgi, RC xii 104 § 153 . -cumgai, BDD² 767 . 3 s. conicc, Wb. 4b11 . connic, Ml. 24d14 . cunic, 74b14 . conicc, Sg. 27a18 . cotdicc, Wb. 5b40 . ? condric, LU 5165 = darric, TBC-I¹ 683 . -cumuing, Wb. 9d16 . -cumaing, 11b9 . -cuming, Thes. ii 6.31 . -cumaic, ZCP viii 308.21 . -cumaicc, RC xii 104 § 52 . -chumic, Ériu vii 142 § 15 . 1 p. -chumcam, Wb. 4a27 . -cumcem, RC iii 346.2 . 2 p. conicid, Fél. Ep. 381 . -cumcaid, LU 7156 . -cumcid, 7173 . 3 p. conecat, Sg. 32b14 . cotecat, 173b4 . connecait, Laws i 242.21 Comm. -cumcat, Ml. 23a5 . -chumgat, 56c7 . -cumget, 112b16 . Pass. s. conecar, PH 3038 . -cumacar, Todd Nenn. 216.9 . -cumangar, LU 6518 . -cumangair, YBL 138b6 .

Impf. 3 s. coniced, RC ii 398.11 . -cúmcad, PH 1320 . -cuimgedh, Celtica iv 30.430 . 3 p. -cumgaitis, Ml. 102a9 . -chumcaitis, LU 4986 . -cuimgidis, CCath. 2005 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. condníis, SR 1874 . connisor, TBC-I¹ 3529 . -coemos, Anecd. iii 73.19 . 2 s. choníis, Wb. 10a21 . chonis, RC xii 104 § 153 . -chaemais (as fut.), LU 207 . -chuimser, Anecd. iii 57.19 . -caemais, RC x 84.2 , Anecd. i 72 . 3 s. con, Sg. 25b14 . -cumai, -cum, Ml. 31c19 , 32d15b , 87d13 , 129b6 (-cu[m]). -chom, 53a5 . -caem, Laws ii 302.9 Comm. As depon.: conidistar, Ériu vii 140.21 . -coimastar, ii 138 § 127 (parsing uncertain). Pass. -coemnustar, RC ii 400 § 42 (appar. in fut. sense). -choimsithar, BB 210b6 (= caemnagair, Todd Nenn. 92.4 ). ? -caomnais, O'Curry 1167 ( H 3.18, 463b ) = caemhnas, O'D. 2322 ( Rawl. B 506, 33d ) (parsing uncertain). 1 p. conisamar, IT ii2 228.7 (as fut.). 2 p. choníssid, Fél. Ep. 393 . 3 p. conísat see OIPG 99 . -cumset, Ml. 39c26 . -cúm[s ?]at, PH 1131 . -coemsat, Alex. 93 . -cœmset (as fut.), ZCP v 498.23 . -chaemsat (as fut.), SG 329.20 . Atlantis iii 400.15 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. chotíssind, Fraech 148 . -cuimsin, Wb. 17b1 . -caemsaind, MR 42.16 . -choemsaind (as condit.), Fen. 308.5 . 3 s. conísed, LU 7110 . connisad, MacCarthy 42.28 . -cuimsed see OIPG 100 . -cóemsad, Goid. 94.3 . MacCarthy 62.5 (as condit.) = -choemnacair, SR 1514 . -ccaomhsadh, AFM v 1552.7 . -cæmnasad (-coemhsatt, v.l.,), Ériu ii 178.16 . Pass. -caomnaistea, Laws ii 208.26 Comm. 1 p. chotísmis, Wb. 25a1 . -cuimsimmis, 17c18 . -caemsimmis, LL 28126 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 346.z .). -coemsamuis, RC iii 346.9 . v 199 § 9 (as condit. ). 3 p. chonísti, Sg. 138a9 . connistais, Rawl. B 512, 72c (Plummer MS. notes). conistais, ZCP xxx 62. 1099 . -choemsaitis, SR 519 . -choemstais (metri gratia), 932 . -ccaomtais, ZCP xiv 256.17 . -chaemsadis (as condit. ), YBL 326a10 .

Fut. 1 s. con-icub, Wb. 32a20 . conniciub, PH 1553 . -cumgub, Ml. 49c5 . 2 s. conicbe see OIPG 100 . cotniocfa, TFrag. 208.16 . 3 s. conicfa, BColm. 72.21 . -chumgaba, Ériu vi 148.52 . Pass. conn icfidear, Todd Nenn. 92.10 . 1 p. conicfam see OIPG 100 . 2 p. conicfid, Wb. 13a10 . conicfed, 13 (see notes). cotnicfaiti, CCath. 2412 . 3 p. cotnicfat, CCath. 635 . -cumgabat, Ml. 54a19 .

Condit. 3 s. conicfed, Ml. 14a6 . cunicbad, Laws iii 270.x Comm. conícfad, RC ii 400 § 42 . -cumcaibed, Ml. 42a32 . 1 p. conicfimmis, Wb. 17a10 . 3 p. connicfaitis, Goid. 69.1 . con-icf(a)itis see OIPG 100 . connicfitis, PH 2044 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. cotaneccar, Wb. 14c40 . 2 s. conanacur, PH 1754 . -coemnacar, LU 6381 , LL 9640 . -coemnacair, PH 1754 . 3 s. co-t-ánic, Wb. 8a14 . conánic (sic leg.), TTr.² 748 . conrainig, Ériu xvii 72.7 . -chaemnaic, LL 9031 (TBC). con-anacuir, Ml. 119d7 . condnanacair, SR 2798 . conranagair, AFM v 1356.6 . -choimnucuir, Wb. 19c10 . -coimnacuir, Ml. 116c5 . -coemnacar, PH 6306 . -chaemnaic, TBC-LL¹ 763 . Pass. conrancus, LB 141b48 . -caemnas, Laws iii 286.20 Comm. -coemnus, Anecd. iii 33.12 . -caemnacair, BNnÉ 93 § 206 . ? -coemnacair, PH 3861 . -caemnacair, RC xviii 155.19 . 1 p. -coimnacmar, Ml. 53b9 . 2 p. -coimnacaid, Wb. 9b10 . -coemnacabar, PH 3051 . 3 p. con-áncatar see OIPG 101 . conangatar, Leb. Gab.(i) 236.11 . conrangatar, Hugh Roe² 18.3 . -coimnactar, Ml. 76a5 . -comnactar, 7 . -cæmnachtar, Auraic. 1077 . -caomhnagatar, Hugh Roe² 126.8 .

Later as simple vb. with stem cu(i)mg-, cu(i)mc-, comg- (with indic. pres. and pret. 3 s. -chuma(i)ng). Note also -chumngaim, Lism. L. 1412 . chuingess (rel.), MacCongl. 113.12 . -cuingebtais, CCath. 2409 (-coemtais, v.l.). -comdaighdur, Fier. 195 (-chuimgedur, v.l.).

With generalized stem conic-: -conicab, RC iii 345.27 . -conice (pret. 3 s.), Aisl. Tond. 95.1 . -coni[c ?]satt, 96.12 ( -coniccsid, 16 ). Cf. in fhairind conicsat áine do denam, PH 4984 .

With cáem(n)-: -chōem (pret. 3 s.), MacCongl. 105.5 . -caomain, Aisl. Tond. 107.15 . -chaomhsat, Fl. Earls 154.8 . BNnÉ 298 § 40 .

IGT Verbs § 53 .

Vn. cumang.

Can, is able.

1 Gl. Lat. possum, Ml. 32d15b , 49c5 , 54b12 , 119d7 , 129b6 ; with neg. gl. nequeo, 31c19 , 41d15 , 42c32 . Cf. coni coimnacuir gl. nullus quiuerit, Ml. 116c5 .

2 With conjunctions, superlatives, etc. as best one can, to the best of one's ability, etc.: amal connicfitis `according to their ability', PH 332 . amail conidistar a nert, Ériu vii 140.21 . amail con-icfed de `according as he might', Grail 1800 . amail as déne conrangatar as fast as they could, Hugh Roe² 14.12 . do recclamaitt an lion as lia conangatar ina naghaidh as many as they could, Leb. Gab.(i) 236.11 .

3 With nas. rel. clause: con-nic do-mberthar forcell din titul `a testimony may be given', Ml. 24d14 . conicfid-si bede preceptori `ye will . . . be able to be', Wb. 13a10 . conicc bes ṅ dobriathar, Sg. 27a18 . nád chumaing aranísar and `which cannot be found there', 209b13 . connachcæmnacair anmanna de duine nā chethir ronucad a ainech secha not a living thing . . . could put its head past him, TBC-I¹ 1744 . With co: ni chumcaimm co ro-imgaiber, PH 6558 . co cæmnachtar co regdar = produci possunt, Auraic. 1077 .

4 With noun object: intan nad coimnactar-som in peccad `when they were incapable of', Ml. 76a5 . conecat a trede-sin `they can be these three things', Sg. 33a12 . mad meise conísed mo chomairle (see comairle), BDD² 708 . ní cumgat góa baa i cathroí falsehoods are ineffectual, ZCP xi 83 § 30 . is bec condnanacair forcetul is of little avail, PH 5743 . nī fuil nōeb connī a airde / co tī in Coimdiu no saint is as exalted as he (Patrick), ACL iii 303 § 3 . nach cumaghaim poinn, Ó Bruad. ii 168.24 .

5 With accus. has power over, controls, is master of: isé conic bas ┐ bethaith, Thes. i 4.29 . dot mhac . . . / con-ic na ceithri raithiu, Blathm. 226 . a rí conic aiṅgliu, Fél. Prol. 7 . ōenrī bethad . . . / con-ic sāegulrith cac[h] ōen `who determines', Ériu xvii 40 § 17 . creit dom thigerna-sa conneoch connis maroen frit those under your control, LB 159b13 .

6 In fig. etymol.: cia cumagg conanocair `what power he could wield', RC xii 82 § 79 . nach cumang conisamar, IT ii2 228.7 .

7 With 1 ní (see Duan. F. iii 249 ): intan nad cumgat a namait ni `can do nothing', Ml. 107a8 . nī coemhnagair nī nothing was accomplished, ACL iii 309.21 . ní cumcat ni la mac nDé are powerless (of earthly kings), LU 9457 . ní cumangar ní sech Dhia, Anecd. ii 15.x . With DO, DI: ní chumgaimm ní duit I can do nothing for you, Fraech 148 . ni chumaing ni damsa monuar, RC xxvi 364.8 . More usu. the prep. introduces dativus incommodi and meaning is makes an impression on, copes with, hence v. freq. injures, harms: ni chumgaim-sí am ni de I can't help that, ZCP xxvii 40.12 . dia cuimgi ní di `if thou canst answer any of it' (a question), Stair Erc. 1307 . conach cumgadais suile daine ni dho ina dechain could make nothing of it(?) (a garment), ZCP viii 539.8 . nara chumaing C. ní dóib acht in phelait . . . d'fhácbáil leo could do nothing with them (warriors), MU² 163 . cia con-icc ní dúun gl. quis contra nos? Wb. 4b11 . nír chumaing Cúchulaind ní dó, Ériu i 124.19 . ní chumgabat renna ní duit cannot harm thee, BColm. 68.24 . ni ra chumhcaisetsom ni do feruibh Mumhan, BLism. 173ra15 . gion gur cuimhgettar ní dóibh, AFM v 1544.y . nochar cuimhghetor ní dhe (: teine) could make no impression on him, Duan. F. i 41.55 . Note also: nír comdaighdur enrét dó, Fier. 195 .

8 With inf. pron.: ni choimnactar `they could not do it', Ml. 19c5 . ní cach óen condric samlaid who can do it like that, LU 5165 (TBC). ar do-triallais co menic, ┐ ni-t-coemnacair, PH 1758 . día notcaomhsoinn if I could do so, BS 46.26 .

9 With other pronominal objects: amal ni cuimsin . . . a n-asberinn, Wb. 17b1 . cia salmscribdid conicfed són, Ml. 14a6 . di neuch con-icub as far as in me lies (gl. ego reddam), Wb. 32a20 (cf. TBC-I¹ 3529 ). an condníis d'ulc, SR 1874 .

10 With follg. vn.: nad choimnactar cathugud `who were unable to fight', Ml. 66d6 . nad coimnacuir Dia tabairt uisci doib, 97d4 . connā cumaiṅg nech dīb cobair araile, Corp. Gen. 205.9 . cona coemnacair labra, Three Hom. 68.19 . nír cuimciset lúth a cos, CCath. 2099 . comhroinn ar chrích do chumhuing could share out, O'R. Poems 2498 . ní cuimge anadh sunn, Aisl. Tond. 119.4 .

11 With possess. and vn.: conna cumgat a n-íc, Ml. 76a19 . ni cumangar a rím, LU 6518 . nir-cumaing a certugud could not be steadied (of a horse), TTebe 2359 . co nicfaitis a tairmeasc `who could have prevented it', Laws iii 252.15 Comm. coniscumhaing mu Rīgh rān / mu beith etc., ZCP vi 260.17 . ní ro cuimgedh a dénamh, CCath. 1798 . ní caoemsadh a faisneis ina facaidh . . . ann, Aisl. Tond. 108.17 .

12 With noun and indirect obj.: hore con-icc dígail forib for he can punish you (gl. propter iram), Wb. 6a17 (see Bergin, ZCP xvii 223 ). nád cóimnacaid brithemnact forsin cin-sa, 9b10 . condn-icim-se duit maidm reut I can promise you victory, Corp. Gen. 149.2 . fear con-icc suidi ┐ ligi ┐ biad do chách (a `rechtaire'), BDD² 799 . nír chumaing rí a mian don mnaei no king was acceptable to her, IGT Verbs ex. 468 . nír' caomain a cosa ó talmain was rooted to the spot, Aisl. Tond. 107.15 .

13 With accus. + do + vn.: ní cumcat idail ní donaib adamraib sin do denum idols cannot perform any of these wonders, Ml. 60b6 . ni fail . . . / nech conní a cetmad d'aisneis, SR 652 . ni cumgi-so(m) . . . a beō nach óe do breith, TBC-I¹ 685 . ní chumgaitis uili a delg do béim assa brut-som, LL 8398 (TBC). na caemnacar cach ni dib d'anocal, Laws v 156.19 Comm. ní cumhang lucht an lis-sin / a bhfulung d'olc d'innisin, DDána 29.33 .

14 Similarly in rel. constr.: nad chumaing nach nduil do imgabail from which no creature is exempt, LU 2515 . lócrand . . . nad chumgaitís suili doíni déicsin, 6556 . ar daigh gach neich cotnicfad do lesugud `every one whom he could benefit', CCath. 1182 . in galur(,) nách cumaicc do legius which he cannot cure, PH 4222 .

15 Hence with pass.: trenailce . . . na cuimgidthur do cumscudugh which cannot be moved, O'D. 15 ( H 3.17, 15 ). nech . . . nád cumangar do aidbriud, Ériu ii 208 § 27 . ná ro cuimgedh danacal, AFM vi 1964.z . ? co cumangar du gach dialt (`that there may be power to every syllable'), Auraic. 1234 .

daltae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daltae or dil.ie/14451

Forms: daltai, dalta, daltu, dalta, daltai, dalta, daltaide, daltada, daltaidib, daltu, dalta, dalta, daltaidhe

n io m. g s. daltai, dalta. d s. daltu, dalta. n p. daltai, dalta; daltaide, daltada ( ACL iii 5. 28 ). d pl. daltaidib ( SG 42. 1 ). a p. daltu, dalta.

I A foster-son, fosterling, nursling, ward (under the care of an 1 aite or a muim(m)e); with do of. Transl. Lat. alumnus. Frequent in the Laws (see the Law of Fosterage, ii 146-193). ised ícus in taite inn frisin dalta, Laws ii 154. 10 . ┐ mac dia muinntir ón aite don daltu, ib. 13 . a aite ┐ a dalta, ib. 162. 21 . itir in aiti ┐ in dalta, 162. 25 , 176. 9 . is annso on is diles in iarruidh uile don aite cid marb in dalta re ndiailtir, ib. ii 172. 3 . in dalta, 174. 1 , 2 . in imurcraidh bídh ┐ étaigh rochaithistur in taite risin dalta, 176. 10 . is indles in iarraidh don aite ó ferfuither ainm cneidhe arin dalta, 180. 8 . lethfiach foru aite ┐ foru muime cacha cneidh ferfuit bera ┐ sleagha forin dalta, 182. 16 (similarly 192. 23 , cf. 184. 17 , 192. 25 ). gach dalta co diailtre cach felmac i naimsir daire, 288. 6 dalta fria a muimig fithithair fria fealmac, 344. 4 . dígail dalta na fine, iv 254. 15 . in dalta ┐ in gormac, ib. 16 . dalta coitchenn don ḟine uile...dalta daonduine, ib. 30 . Lugaid Réoderg dalta Conculaind fil...oc urgartigud a aiti .i. Conculaind, SCC 24 . gebid (Cuculaind) for tecosc a daltai, ib. alt Deichtire in mac ... ba saeth mor la D.¤ a dalta do écib (díth a daltai LU) CCC 4 Eg. am tualuing mu dalta (acc. or gen.), ib. 7 Eg. ( IT i 142. 2 ). Cua Cendmar dalta Boibli, RC xvi 273. 1 . rofóided cech dalta dia daltaib dia comét, ib. 5 . ropo dalta co ndallchéill, ib. 11 . do (refers to Fergus) daltasu andso ┐ dalta Ulad ┐ Chonchobair bharchena Cuchulaind mac Sualtaim, TBC-LL¹ 6058 . dí batar daltaide na muca diamtar dóine, Dinds. 71 . bid dalta (alumpnum Lat. text) damsa in mac so, Lat. Lives 102. 1 . Duach dalta Dedaig, MacCarthy 149. 9 , 302. 13 . Gallua ┐ Pison .i. a dalta, ib. 306. 14 . Cathal mac Aodha dalta muintire Raghailligh who was educated in the house of O'Reilly O'Don. Suppl. METAPH. (a) dalta forcetail, Mart. Don. Nov. 13 . dalta Dé a spiritual fosterling : romuchadh dalta Dé an comarba, AFM iii 310. 11 (= ALC i 362. 20 ). i néraic mo dalta Dé do losccadh libh, ib. 15 . gurab amlaid sin fuair éraic a dhalta Dé uathaib, ALC i 364. 21 . (b) a pet child, pet, fondling, lover .—MOD. dalta a pet, a term of endearment. Cf. bronndaltae, bruinnedaltae.

II A pupil, disciple (of an aite). Paulus et Timotheus, gl. dalte side dosom he was a pupil of his (sc. of Paul), Wb. 23 a 11 . do munud a dalti, ib. 24 d 10 . 24 d 11 . (Clemens) dalte Petir, ib. 24 a 37 . gratia misericordia et pax a Deo Patre, gl. sainred do daltu anisiu quia asper fuit , ib. 27 d 18 (Ep. ad Timoth.). fácab Pátricc a daltae nand Benignus a ainm, Ardm. 17 a 2 ( Thes. ii 238. 15 ). Aimergin Gluingeal in file dalta Cai Cainbrethaig eiside, Laws i 20. 2 . imud fesa na fogluma on oidi dun dalta, ib. v 56. 28 . isí lánamnacht aithfégtar idir in oiti ┐ in dalta .i. forcetal gan díchleith ┐ cosg gan agairbe ón aiti forin dalta, ib. 96. 22 . iarfoacht a dalta dó ciaso ṡén bái forin ló, TBC-LL¹ 1108 . Cathbad drúi búi oc tabairt dá daltaib...┐ ocht ndalta do aes in dána druidechta na farrad. iarfacht dia aiti, &c. , ib. 1070 .— Siluester...dalta don uasalṡacart do Chiríne essium, PH 280 . ba holc lais (i.e. la Ermogenies) a dalta (i.e. Filétus) dia ḟacbáil, ib. 2197 (for dalta: descipul l. 2174 ), cf. 2200 . Clemint .i. dalta Petair (cf. Wb. 24 a 37 ), PH 3201 . ropud ferr lium bás d(ḟ)aguáil oldas mo dalta (cf. l. 7208 ) do marbad, ib. 7216 . arna daltadhaibh foghluma, Keat. ITS iv 72. 94 .

COMPS. mac-daltae. macdalta Ailella ┐ Medba TBC-LL¹ (Y) 1146 . bronn-daltae brundaltae bosom-fosterling, a fondling . ba hairithe lesin airdrig a brundalta baidhe do brontiughbhádhúgh báis, MR 112. 2 . Aobh Aoife ┐ Ailbhe .i. trí hinghiona Oiliolla Arann ┐ mo thri bronn-daltadha féin, Atlantis 116. 17 . OCL 3. 13 . common epithet of St. John , Otia ii 94 . PH 1454. 6680 . bruinne-daltae id. Contribb. 277 . PH 8421 . TFrag. 112. 14 . prím-daltae chief-disciple, epithet of Luke : Lucas...primdalta Póil apstail PH 5396 . 5636 .—DIM. daltán, dailtín, q.v.

MOD. dalta, pl. daltaidhe.

daltán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daltán or dil.ie/14458

Forms: daltán

n o, m. A little foster-child, a pupil; a term of endearment . Dim. of daltae. daltán, TBC-LL¹ (Y) 1798 . mo daltán bladach buadach, Acall. 4688 n. ib. 4576 . daltán cliabglan, ZCP vi 266. 7 . tairissi lim inní inn fálti a daltain LL 82 a 2 . mo dhaltáin, SG i 57. 7 . oilis in ingen in daltán mbecc sin (i.e. in béstín mbicc mbuide) PH 7208 . ba mor suba bith i caimtecht mo daltain, BB 135 b 8 . is truag aní narta de: nar ṅdaltanaib Scathche (cf. Scathche ár mumme, 4134 ) TBC-LL¹ 4147 . rodfia buaidh ┐ bennachtain a daltain (i.e. Cuchulaind) bar Ferghus, ib. p. 239, n. 4 . tussu a daltáin cid am gena dana (says Sualtach to Cuchulaind), ib. 555 . is fír sin a daltan (Cuchulaind to Laeg) LU 78 a 10 . in daltán bec, SG 22 . ib. 57. 7 .

daltus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daltus or dil.ie/14461
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: daltusa

u, m. gen. daltusa. Fosterage, pupilage : ise in Moeldub sin rug Feichín Fobair lais ina daltus gurro chuir dochum legind é, Fél. 224. 32 . asbert fris techt co Maedoc do bith a daltusa fris, Moling 29 . ó mudh daltusa, YBL 181 a 40 . bai Cuchulaind i ndaltus dó, 117 b 45 . SG 392. 25 . co ndaltus do congbail reisin mac isin chill i ndentar a forcetal, O'Dav. 956 . —COMPD. mac-daltus son-fosterage : forcan .i. foghlaim no forcetal ut est co macdaltus do chill i forcanar, O'Dav. 956 .

1 deithbir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 deithbir or dil.ie/15289

Forms: dedbir, deidbir, deithbeir, deithbir, de(i)thfir, debthir, deithfir, deidbiriu, dethbiri, in d.

i, adj. and subst. (dí + aithber, lit. blameless ). dedbir, Wb. 3b30 , Trip.² 2028 . deidbir, Wb. 6a12 . deithbeir, 33c16 . deithbir, Ml. 38d2 . de(i)thfir, PH . debthir, Auraic. 178 . deithfir f., IGT Decl. § 13 .

I As adj. fitting, proper, reasonable, natural (both of that which is inherently right or meet and of that which might be expected under the circumstances): d.¤ .i. dí aithbir, Corm. Y 15 . d.¤ .i. dlightheach, O'Cl.

(a) Rarely attrib.: inna nnaimtine ṅd.¤ of the just enmities, Ml. 38d2 . ni thechtam serccai acht sercca dethbiri, Alex. 894 .

(b) Usually as pred. with cop. (often unexpressed): is deidbir moídem di suidib, Wb. 17d19 . cani d.¤ , Sg. 3b12 . dethbir dímicim do na hindmassaib talmandaib, PH 5878 . d.¤ ón (sin) that is natural; that might be expected (in confirmation of a preceding statement; often followed by an explanatory sentence introduced by ar, úair): for Cúchulaind uccot, olse, dochuaid rimsa for teithed. Deithber son, ol Medb, ma ranístais daghóic, ní gébad in sirite fri feta, TBC-I¹ 1263 . imsoítis a claidib friu . . . d.¤ ón, ar no labraitis demna friu dia n-armaib, LU 3236 ( SCC 2 ). Cf. TBC-LL¹ 1904 ; LL 30c8 ; PH 4825 , 5194 . is d.¤ dom it is right (proper, natural) for me: is deidbir deit á aigthiu it is reasonable (fitting?) for thee to fear him, Wb. 6a12 . is dedbir am duit thou hast reason, Trip.² 2028 . ba sodeithbir dó, Ériu vi 148.50 . is d.¤ limm I deem it right, fitting , Sg. 3b2 . Followed by appositional clause introduced by cia: is dedbir dúib cid mebul lib a taidmet it is reasonable that ye should be ashamed to call them to remembrance, Wb. 3b30 . deithbeir do ceith aneola that he be ignorant, 33c16 . is d.¤ . . . cid ansa don curp a congbal no wonder that it is hard for the body to contain itself, Mon. Tall. § 60 . d.¤ dóib cid mór a mbríg, LL 276a11 . d.¤ cidh airdirc an fód rightly is the spot celebrated, AFM 915 (poem) (ii 590.12). Followed by neg. clause: is deithber cen cop mór mo thua-sa, LL 275a6 . Compar. deidbiriu, Wb. 6a8 , 9c10 . dethbiri, FA 34 . Adv. in d.¤ gl. merito, Ml. 47b5 .

II As subst. reasonableness, fitness, hence reason, cause: ata dethbir saine sin (text?), Todd Lect. vi 46 . hit é tra dethbiri dosbera in plág fo thír n-Erenn .i. díth cretmi, etc. the reasons, RC xii 426 § 15 . In concrete sense matter: ó díscáiledh na ndethber ó fásann an folt ┐ in uair díscáilter na dethbir sin . . . ní leighester an folt, O'Gr. Cat. 178 .

dígal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígal or dil.ie/16293

Forms: dígla, digal, dígle, digla

ā, f. vn. of 1 do-fich. See GOI § 98 . IGT Decl. §§ 10 , 37 , Verbs § 124 . avenging, punishing; vengeance, punishment . Later n s. usually dígail, PH 5346 . SR 1781 , 2345 . Laws iv 254.15 (text). Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4.22 . a s. dígal (for dígail), Wb. 17a10 . g s. in Mid. Ir. dígla. With obj. gen. of persons or things avenged or crime punished, and FOR of person punished. Rarely with subj. gen.: dígal Dé, Ml. 31d1 . PH 303 . d.¤ fiadat, Snedg. u. Mac R 13.24 . With gen. of description: de dígail na carcrae, Fél. Ep. 516 . With gen. of person punished (in pl.): do diglaib na nEgept[ach], SR 7332 . n s. in digal (gl. sententia), Ml. 24b2 . conatissed etir in digal, 27c4 . docoith d.¤ forru, Wb. 11a22 . tanic d.¤ Dé fair, PH 303 . tan tanic in digail truag, SR 2345 . toticfa d.¤ no chath, 6855 . deissidh d.¤ ocus dith | for sil clainne Cuinn, AU 942 . is mairg forsṅdessid a ndígal, LL 44a1 . nirbo fhand do dígail gress, 146a30 . ní gnath dígail no horgain cen sceolu n-éisi, Imr. Brain ii 287 . a d s. brethem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 . tabair digail (gl. ultor adsiste), 27c12 . intain dombéra dígail for pecthachu, Wb. 25d19 . dorat Dia digail ndermáir | for clainn S., SR 7046 . cech ní gargg . . . mani roistis d.¤ fair unless they could punish it, Ériu iv 26 . pecad cin d.¤ , Laws i 8 . cen d.¤ n-uilc i cridi desire for revenge, Ériu iii 96 . romṡóerae . . . m'anmain ar cech nd.¤ , Fél. Ep. 546 . du digail (gl. ad vindicandum), Ml. 31c17 . mithig dún dul d'a dígail, CRR 5 . dolluid F. do d.¤ a maic foraib, TBC-I¹ 2894 . condechaid frisin carraic do dígail in gotha furre, LL 165b31 . do d.¤ catha . . . ar Fí mac L., Anecd. iii 61 . do dhioghail a mhisccne for R. to wreak his vengeance, AFM vi 2330 . do dígal in domnaig to punish (the non-observance of) Sunday, Ériu ii 192 . co ndeochatar . . . dia rodigail to wreak dire vengeance on his behalf, LL 202a24 . fun digail (gl. sub animadversione), Ml. 29c12 . a tabairt fo thromdigail, SR 2412 . ic dígail ar cned, LU 9903 . i ndígail in revenge or punishment for: romarb Abner 'n-a dígail, SR 6596 . i n-d.¤ a thromgreisi, Laws i 64 . a ṅdígail a chēsta-som, PH 3030 . romarb Cuchulaind . . . i nd.¤ bó Dectere, LL 165b37 . i nd.¤ chind m'athar-sa, RC iii 181 . a nd.¤ fola Críst, ZCP ix 476 . a ndíghail na creichi sin, RC xvii 389 . triallais do lot Laighean a ndíoghail an mhíghníomha sin, Keat. iii 4992 . i ndíoghail a n-uilc féin, TSh. 4896 . is it dígail . . . rohortsat Unci to avenge thee, LL 193a45 . g s. bémen dígle , Wb. 17d2 . inna diglae Dæ, Ml. 31d1 . tabairt inna diglae (sic leg.) argair denum nuilc, 27c21 . breó digla, FB § 46 . inmidir F. bém ndígla for C., TBC-I¹ 3586 . builli digla do ḟuirmed a mullach nDaired, Aen. 1103 . dosrat fo chlaidiub digla (: mná), SR 4148 . cona chlaidem dighla, ZCP vii 312 . tugsad guin gach aon laoich ar E. ┐ ni dheachaidh duine dhíobhsan gan guin díoghla air o E., ML 140 . pl. it digla erlama lesom do neuch inna dualchi do denum, Ml. 18c6 . bit ilardai a píanai ┐ a ndíglai, Harl. 1802, 49 . co tarat Dia dígla móra for feraib Eirenn, SG 409 . dorat a digla, SR 6507 . dosfil digala mora foraib, Snedg. u. Mac R 42 . co tabrad cech oen tromdígla forru, LB 128a31 . fóidfet mōr ṅdīgal di shain, SR 3855 . d'fáidiud dígal is dígním to lament revenges, Metr. Dinds. iii 2 . dit diglaib siu (gl. de animadversionibus tuis), Ml. 40a6 . co roslig . . . diglaib demnib, SR 5656 . Later dígailt, q.v.

dingbáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dingbáil or dil.ie/16621

Forms: dingbál, dingbāla, dingbála, dingbala, dingbhail, digbhail

vn. of do-ingaib. Orig. dingbál, ā, f. IGT Decl. § 148 , Verbs § 68 .

I Act of taking away, removing: dingbail cach cro otrais removal of every wounded person entitled to nursing, Ériu xii 8 § 6 (see note p. 57). as-boinn a dingbail `demands that he be removed', 16 § 18 . athgabail huither do dingbail iar ndifoilgid, Laws i 226.z . im dingbail mic baitsige, 184.16 .

Warding off, repelling, keeping aloof , with obj. gen.: im dingbail tascuir lir, Laws i 122.15 (with gl.: .i. . . . are in puirt nā thora tascur don lir, p. 128). im d.¤ aurcuilte a reir lega keeping away (from a sick man) things forbidden by the physician, ib. l. 18 . im d.¤ mic di mir keeping a child away from a madwoman, l. 21 . re catha im d.¤ cīsa dia tuaith, v 300.24 . siche raet docuiredar hi tracht maru . . . dlegar . . . a d.¤ din purt, i 128.22 . im d.¤ faithe, i 124.1 (with gl.: im d.¤ na n-indili as an faithce, 132.13 ). co n-athchur ┐ innurba ┐ dingbail, ZCP xiv 378 § 41 ( Laws ii 300 ). dingbail for curu bél ` evading ', Laws iii 390.16 .

In gener. of keeping off (an enemy, attack, calamity, etc.): is d.¤ truim don slog averting trouble from the host, TBC-I¹ 1490 . raptar biattaig fir hErend uile d'Fhirdiad ar dingbhail Conculaind dib, TBC-LL¹ 3646 . co tardad fortacht dóib im d.¤ díb na gressi rolad forro, RC viii 50.14 . ic d.¤ mebla dím-sa, LL 223b45 ( TTr. 486 ). cuich . . . bad ferr letsu do d.¤ dit?, Cog. 172.18 . ríg mar D. do d.¤ to resist a king like D., MR 202.19 . tar do d.¤ dochraite dinn, SG 320.33 . With ellipse of gen.: ni furail linn . . . do dingmhail d'fhianaibh Eirenn to ward off (attacks) from the Fianna, CF 325 .

Used of an enemy, passes into sense of holding one's own against, and hence by degrees to that of being a match for, an equal to: dáig na tic de laég a chomáisi do d.¤ he is not able to withstand a calf of his own age, TBC-LL¹ 6161 . ní rabi 'sin domun . . . óenfher da tísad d.¤ Achil, LL 244a28 ( TTr. 2038 ). a dingbail i comland chruaid | ni raibe i mBanba bratruaid there was not his match, YBL 318a26 . roboi d.¤ deigfhir indum in la sin I was a match for a brave man, Acall. 4780 . is iad so mogha (= modha) Fergusa . . . .i. diongbail shecht céd cathmhiledh a gcró catha ann, Ériu viii 136.16 . Note further: ni maith na airm-se . . . ni thic mo diṅgbail-se di shodain they are not capable of holding out against me, i.e. they are not equal to my requirements, TBC-LL¹ 1094 . nit maithe na carpait-so . . . ni thaet mo diṅgbail-se dib-so, 1123 (= ni fuil mo diongmhala-so diob-so, St.). So in gen.: ba hé fer a dingbāla leu `they deemed him (Ferbaeth) a man fit to repel him (Cúchulaind )', TBC-I¹ 1534 . fer do dingbala su, LL 238a42 ( TTr. 1285 ).

II Hence g s. dingbála comes to be used adjectivally in sense a match for, equivalent to, worthy of , at first following subst. and with obj. gen., later also as pred. and with prep. DO.

(a) ara carpait a diṅgbala ina fiadnaisi a charioteer worthy of him, TBC-I¹ 2572 . dí nóe sess-churach cutrumme dingbála tri ndrong ndechenbair fit for (i.e. able to hold) three parties of ten, BDD § 87 . cid . . . nobeth ri hErinn cin mnai a dingbala aci, TE § 2 Eg. ben dingbala ríg, IT i 74 . loimm dingmala ríg, BColm. 60.21 . fer dingmála gach duine, Hy Fiach. 250 . acht co rabat glinni mo dingbala riu provided I have securities worthy of me, MU 4.28 . robui ingen cruthach a dingmala aigi, RC x 187 . rothecht commaim a dhingbala, Fl. Earls 192.18 .

(b) With prep. DO: issí in glan genmnaid dingbála do ríg, LU 3908 . ni fer dingbala dhó misi I am not a man fitted to encounter him, TBC-LL¹ 3883 St. conar persu dingbala don epscopoti hé a person fit for the bishopric, RC ii 392 . ropad sciath dingbāla dó a shield worthy of him, LL 146b6 = PRIA xix 540 .

(c) Hence as pure adj. used as pred. with prep. DO (rarely gen.) worthy of, meet for, due to, becoming to: dingbala gl. dignus, Ir. Gl. 668 . gl. idoneus, Corm. Y 754 . teghlach fial . . . as lān-dingbāla Conchobuir, ZCP v 502 . ca fiss dóib-si . . . in barbardacht fil inna churp nach fil trumma as dingbála di inna churp there may not be a heaviness corresponding to it in his body, Mer. Uil. 63 . is d.¤ dóib dochar `torment is their rightful due', SG 63.17 . atlochur-sa do Dia . . . do beith d.¤ do gabáil mo flaithesa that thou mayest be fitted to assume, 394.34 . Folld. by dochum: nirbha dingbhala dochum airdrigh Eirenn ben arna hindarba trina mígním féin, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . nír d.¤ sinn dochum a chaithme we were not worthy to eat of it, SG 43.39 . isi bud dingmala docum a cruthaigteora fein do geinemain (of Virgin Mary), 3 B 22, 70a5 . Folld. by LA, with ellipse of DO: naptar dingmala leo in sheoit fouarotar they did not deem worthy (of them) the treasures, Anecd. ii 56 . do ba dhingbhála leis bheith ag foghlaim he did not think it beneath him to be learning, SG 16.15 .

In impers. construction, is d.¤ (do . . .) it is worthy (of), right (for), incumbent (on): co na gabat a chomorbus-som indus as dingbala doib, PH 4247 . as dingmala do deghmnai . . . a snim do tabairt fris, CCath. 4057 . as fír nach diongmála do dhuine . . . codladh . . . i lleabaidh Maodhóg no one is worthy to sleep, BNnÉ 276 . ós é lyaigh minister na naturae is d.¤ dō toil na naturae do leanmuin, O'Gr. Cat. 235.33 . Absol. it is fitting, meet: narbo d.¤ a chor fo thalmain a haithle in gnīma dorigne, PH 664 (?). is d.¤ dogabmait-ne ar césad, 2887 . cech aen dogéna bréc, conid d.¤ bás d'fhagbail dó, 2736 .

(d) Hence absol. as attrib. suitable , worthy, fitting, in later lang. used to denote excellence in gen.: a caeim-celi gráduch dinguhala, TE § 20 Eg. is m'[fh]er d.¤ frim lá, TFerbe 482 . da puitric dec lais cona mbiad d.¤ leo with their proper complement of victuals, Metr. Dinds. iii 532.18(notes). síl . . . na ndeigfer ndingmala roc[h]insett o Aeneas, CCath. 6042 . di tuait diles d.¤ De, BB 240b5 . roinn díles diongmála, BNnÉ 258.12 . dober-sa comharthaidhe maithe diongmála dhuit, Ériu v 166.35 . So in Bible, Matthew xix 21 (= τέλειος), Acts x 24 , xviii 26 (adv. comp. = ἀκριβέστερον), Romans iv 16 . As adv.: leiseóchar co dingbala na dighbāla adequately , Fianaig. 72.17 . an tan ghlacthar co diongmhála í (of a sacrament), Ó Héodhusa 206.15 .

(e) Later used also as subst. with gen. (poss.) and followed by de + subst. of definition to denote that which is worthy of, fitting for, an equivalent , a use arising out of (a) by inversion: fuair a dhiongmhala do dheghthuarasdal o'n mbainrioghain a remuneration worthy of him (= fuair deghth. a dhingbhála), AFM v 1814.10 . ní bhaoí aon triocha chéd . . . na baói a dhiongmhála do thighearna isan Tadhcc sin that would not have had a fitting lord in T., vi 2308.12 . Cf. Stowe variant of TBC-LL¹ 1123 quoted above under I.

III As gramm. term privative case: dingbhail, BB 328a21 , Lec. 323a22 = digbhail, Auraic. 1525 (reading of H 4.22 ). If reading of BB be right, word is prob. a particular application of (I) = taking away, removing .

IV In mod. lang. occas. worth, excellence, merit , a sense prob. due to corresponding use of dingbála, see II (d) above: gurab o Dhia thig . . . uile naomhthacht ┐ uile dhiongmhail oibre, Luc. Fid. 227 . creud da ttig brigh ┐ diongmhail do bheith san obair daonna, 226 .

do-airbir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airbir or dil.ie/17127

Forms: tairbrid, nacha[t]tairbir, tairbhir, tairbered, nam-thairbiur, do-m-airbir, do-sn-arbair, do-n-airbir, da-airbir, nos-tairbir, toirbirid, tairbirid, tairbirtis, da-n-airbera, dom-r-airbera, rothairbere, ministoirbhera, nam-tairbēr, toirbheorad, danairberai, thairbireob, tairberfi, tairbirt, conda-r-airbert, do-arbart, d[i]a torpart, rothairbert, tairbiris, toirbiris, rostairbir, rathairbir, rothoirbir, tairbir, thairbir, toirbhir, tairbertsat, thairbhirsead, rotairbirsetar, toirbreadar, thoirbhriodar, du-n-erbarar, nimtharberar, diarberar, doberar, do-airbertar, tairbertar, -tairbertar, du-mm-erberthar, tairbertar, dorairbered, dorarbrad, rotairberead, rotairbhirid, duarbartha-som, rotairberta, tairbert, tairberthae

(* to-air-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 465 ). Later as simple vb. tairbrid, etc. IGT Verbs § 65 . Ipv. 2 s. nacha[t]tairbir, SR 1148 . na tairbhir , BS 34 . 3 s. tairbered, PH 4943 , 5833 . Indic. pres. 1 s. dia nam-thairbiur , SR 844 (syntactically subj.). 2 s. do-m-airbir, YBL 243b10 = RC xxvi 16 . 3 s. do-sn-arbair, SR 89 . do-n-airbir, LL 125b48 = da-airbir, YBL 211b3 . nos-tairbir , ZCP iii 218 . (as denom.) toirbirid, tairbirid, FA § 1 (LU). Impf. 3 pl. tairbirtis, BB 497a8 = IT ii2 103 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. da-n-airbera, Ériu iii 98 . dom-r-airbera, Fél. Ep. 65 . co rothairbere , PH 5976 . ministoirbhera, YBL 140b32 . Fut. 1 s. in nam-tairbēr , ZCP x 45 . toirbheorad, Psalms lxvi 15 . 3 s. danairberai (don-airbera, v.l.), ZCP ix 456 . With b-fut.: 1 s. thairbireob, YBL 157a7 . 2 s. tairberfi, Alex. 91 .

Pret. and perf. 2 s. tairbirt, TBC-I¹ 1213 (or vn.?). 3 s. do rairbert, Trip.² 1009 . conda-r-airbert, TBC-I¹ 1875 . do-arbart, ZCP iii 208 . ? d[i]a torpart, LL 163b34 . rothairbert, BB 417a21 . Later 3 s. tairbiris, Ériu iii 164 = B. Fermoy 143b . toirbiris, Imr. Brain i 65 . rostairbir, SR 1391 . PH 4610 . rathairbir, TBC-LL¹ 3584 . CCath. 5032 . rothoirbir, ZCP vi 25 . dar tairbir , Ériu iv 114 . ó da thairbir , BB 8a36 . do toirbhir , BNnÉ 24 . 3 pl. do tairbertsat , BB 417b20 . do thairbhirsead , Content. vi 102 . rotairbirsetar, MacCongl. 93 . do toirbreadar , Ériu v 88 . do thoirbhriodar , Psalms cix 5 .

Pass. pres. s. amal du-n-erbarar , Ml. 99d1 . nimtharberar, Wb. 9c31 (for subj.?). ? diarberar, LL 118a41 = Ériu vii 6 , where Ed. reads doberar (atnagar, v.l.). pl. do-airbertar (rel.), Wb. 22c10 ; 25c23 . tairbertar, 25c23 . -tairbertar, Mon. Tall. § 10 . Subj. pres. s. du-mm-erberthar, Ml. 49c3 . pl. co tairbertar , Mon. Tall. § 10 . Pret. and perf. s. dorairbered, SR 6362 . dorarbrad, 6922 . rotairberead (as pl.), Alex. 367 . rotairbhirid, CCath. 1762 . pl. duarbartha-som, Ml. 99d1 . rotairberta, BB 432a14 .

Vn. tairbert. Part. tairberthae.

I In lit. sense, bends, bends down, lowers, inclines: amal dunerbarar fidboc hi caimmi, Ml. 99d1 . tairbertar súili fri déicsin maith their eyes are inclined to see good, Wb. 25c23 . rotairberta ruad-rindi . . . fri hathcuma corp red-pointed spears were couched, BB 432a14 . rothairbir a gnuis ri lār, YBL 166a41 . rí dosnarbair iar sessaib | im thalmain co n-ilgessaib who bends (i.e. disposes) (the winds) round the earth, SR 89 . Fig. subdues, abases, subjects: do-airbertar fo réir Dǽ, Wb. 22c10 . nim-tharberar fo chumactu gl. sub nullius redigar potestate, 9c31 . dia namthairbiur fon sósur, SR 844 , cf. 1148 . do thairbir A. Crasmos cenél nemthairberta cósin anall fó chumachta, Alex. 523 . doarbart Mac De . . . cride Guaire fo chi[u]nu, ZCP iii 208 , cf. SG 398 . as sip rotairbir in doman fūm-sa, CCath. 5032 . Alex. 367 . domrairbera m'aite co Críst may my tutor bring (subdue ?) me to Christ, Fél. Ep. 65 . ro[t]tairbirsetar teora mná, uatha ┐ éca ┐ gorta have subdued thee, MacCongl. 93 . tairbirid ┐ trascraid dochum n-iffirnd comtinól n-écrāibdech na mac mallachtan, FA § 1 . Hence Corm. Y 462 : dam a uerbo domo .i. tai[r]berim. As intrans. vb.: rothairbir a fiadnaisi Gearmain bowed down before G., Todd Nenn. 80 . ní thairbireob fon sosur, YBL 157a7 . tairbirtis fria bona na crand, BB 497a8 ( IT ii2 103 ). da (= dia) torpart don áth atúaith when F. descended (?) to the ford, LL 163b34 (see Metr. Dinds. iv 36 ).

II Yields, gives, hands over, surrenders: tairbirid illatu pían n-ecsamail dona maccaib báis, FA § 1 . co ndarairbert Cúchulaind dia araid which C. had handed over to his charioteer (a mantle), TBC-I¹ 1875 . nostairbir assa díb lāmaib (of silver bestowed in charity), ZCP iii 218 . (of hewn trees) ro tarrngid ┐ rotairbhirid for righthibh laech . . . docum in longphuirt dragged and delivered to the camp, CCath. 1762 . ? conúargaib [Pátraic] a láim do chur bachla Íssu fair ┐ nóco rala, acht dorairbert siar don [ḟ]uiniuth fora leth ndeiss knocked it down (?) (of an idol), Trip.² 1009 . tairbiris teora pōg dō, Ériu iii 164 . Imr. Brain i 65 . TBC-LL¹ 3584 (St.). gan scribhna . . . do t[h]oirbhir cāch briathra Dē o Ādhamh go Maoise anuas handed down, Ó Héodhusa 247 . do thoirbhir sé a spiorad gave up the ghost, John xix 30 . dar tairbir [Judas] a t[h]igerna, Ériu iv 114 . With transference of object: rotoirbir do poccaib é, D IV 2, 44 ra 3 . rothoirbir [Sir H.] R. do pōgaibh, ZCP vi 101 . do toirbir do pógaib iat, SG 357 .

III Various: a bhen, nā tairbhir do mac | día na haoine dídine do not bring forth (?), BS 34 . tarbir an t-othar maille [re] na comarthaib co huilide consider (?) (= proderit cuncta signa perpendere), 23 P 10, 14a26 . ó do thairbhirsead a gceart `when they had re-won their rights', Content. vi102 . tréad dár tairbhireadh pian on whom was inflicted, PBocht 27.8 .

do-airindi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airindi or dil.ie/17142

Forms: tairnid, toirnid, turnaid, do-n-rind, tairinn, toirind, tairned, tairinnid, toirnet, tairindi, tan-aurnat, do-airnet, tairnid, dofairnitis, dusn-arinntis, -tairniub, tairinnfit, -fet, tairnfidh, tairnebtait, tairnebat, tairndfet, rotairinn, rothairind, rotherind, theirin, rothoirn, toirnd, rasturn, turnta, do-r-airned, ra-turnait, tairniud

(* to-air-fuin-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 526 ) later as simple vb. tairnid, toirnid, turnaid. IGT Verbs §§ 54 - 55 . Ipv. 2 s. do-n-rind, FB § 36 Eg. tairinn, SR 6019 . toirind, RC xxiii 414 . 3 s. tairned, Ériu iii 100 . 2 pl. tairinnid, SR 7985 . 3 pl. toirnet, 4394 . Indic. pres. 3 s. tairindi, TBC-I¹ 2691 . tan-aurnat , Thes. ii 253.5 (perh. confused with ar-neith, see Ped.). do-airnet, O'D. 877 ( H 3.17 629 ). tairnid, FB § 78 , SCC § 18 . Impf. 3 pl. dofairnitis, TBC-LL¹ 184 . dusn-arinntis, BDD 114 Eg. Fut. 1 s. -tairniub, LL 149a31 . tairinnfit (leg. -fet), RC x 226 . 3 s. tairnfidh, Lism. L. 1051 . 3 pl. tairnebtait (= tairnebat + pron.), LL 308a5 . tairndfet, LU 9866 . Perf. 3 s. rotairinn, SR 859 , rothairind, LL 128a11 , CCath. 5428 , etc. rotherind, LL 308a3 (= Lec. 309va38 ). ro theirin , Fél. 222 . rothoirn, RC xxv 394.28 , etc. nir toirnd , CCath. 1449 . do thórainn, SG 59 . rasturn, LL 240a24 . Pass. impf. subj. ara turnta , TBC-LL¹ 409 . Pass. perf. do-r-airned, SR 4495 . ro turnat (leg. -ad?), CCath. 2571 . pl. ra-turnait, TBC-LL¹ 411 . Vn. tairniud.

I Trans.

(a) lets down, lowers: tairnid in mbial for a munēl, FB § 78 . tairindi Fer D. sīs in sciath, cotnūara Cūchulaind cusann gāi ōsin scīath, TBC-I¹ 2691 . Of plying a weapon: intí doairnet gai do feirg, O'D. 877 ( H 3.17 629 ). rastócaib leis . . . ┐ rasturn arna sluagaib lowered (? couched, of a spear), LL 240a24 ( TTr. 1733 ). do toirneadh leó-san doire do ḟeadhaibh chrannreamhra ... is na (leg. ris na?) bruinnibh a forest of (spears) was levelled against their breasts, ML 128 . Of unyoking a chariot: tairnitir a carpait, TFerbe 82 . ara turnta a carpat, TBC-LL¹ 409 . donrind sís . . . an carpat, FB § 36 (Eg.). rotuirrnadar a seola lowered their sails, CF 73 . tairind dinetan do fraig (.i. tabair h'aigid form), LU 2981 (= SG 225 ). maith do-n-airnem gnūis well we lower the face (in giving thanks), Ériu ii 56 . in fōd . . . ar a toirnenn a traigid, MR 198 . Lays down, deposits: turnaid a biad ┐ a lind dóib, TBC-LL¹ 136 . roturnait annsin a n-aes uthair, Cog. 214 . tuirinn bann dod bhaoithrebraid `impose a law', O'Gr. Cat. 457 . Transf. presses down, weighs down: rothairin talam hē, Fél. 222 Oct. 12 . With refl. pron., bends oneself, bows: tanaurnat in sacart fa thrī, Thes. ii 253.5 . Cf. cruimther .i. sacart . . . ón tairned thoirnes the genuflexion he makes, Fél.² xlv § 24 . a chlerig, coisc in figill, | inge fo a thrí no tairind (leg. not-t.), LL 365 marg. inf. tricha semmand . . . dusn-arinntis inna cend anuas, RC xxii 398 . LU 10048 : atchíu, tairnid in gréin ngil the sun sets, the construction seems impers. (unless nom. tír be supplied from foregoing sentence).

(b) Trans. and fig. lowers, abates, subdues, humbles: tairinn tho gail abate thy rage, SR 6019 . toirind do brotha, RC xxiii 414 . noco tairniub-sa mo brég, LL 149a31 . meabhal d'ar n-oes dana . . . na tairnett an ngaoith ndraoideachta, Leb. Gab.(i) 256 = nach tairnet in druidheacht, Lec. 28b11 . tocbaid lobru, tairnid tríunu, SG 18 . Tigernan toirneas is togbus tiri ┐ tuatha, Lec. 404a48 . airrter na tíre tairrneas he subdues the east, IT iii 69 . asar-tairned treb Temrach, Lec. 35b21 . rothairnfind mo bídbadú, LL 307b26 ( SG 387 ) ( dothairrfind, Lec. 618b9 ). tairntear nert Aithnensta desidhe, Leb. Gab.(i) 146 . Iondrachtach nár thoirinn tachar whom strife subdued not, Hy Fiach. 92 . ní turntar a onōir, Marco P. 118 . roturnat a n-ítu their thirst was quenched, CCath. 2571 .

II Intrans.

(a) in lit. sense descends, comes down, alights, bends: dá tairnad snathat a féci for airlár if a needle should fall, LL 263b16 ( MU² 232 ). oiléan i dtoirneann grian, Content. iv 17 . rothoirinn cáor theinedh do nimh for a.cend, BNnÉ 291 (rotoirling, v.l.). gur thúrnadar brain-eóin . . . ar chorpaibh curadh, ML 130 . do thurn an spiratt noemh orra, Maund. 85 . an t-arán fírinneach thuirn do neamh, Eochairsg. 54.z (do thoirnigh, x). rothoirinn a mbile na cille perched, BS 16 . rotheraind A. for a glúinib fell on his knees, TTr.² 1921 . toirnet dond altóir let them bow, SR 4394 . tairned cách fria chéle let each one humble himself (fig.?), Ériu iii 100 . táinic cuigi ┐ do thoirn dó, BB 234b37 . immá duma dess | hi tairndfet do chrois on which they will kneel to the cross, LU 9866 ( PRIA xix 534 ). ca drem dib ara toirnfed . . . toicthi na n-gliad on which of them would alight the fortune of war, MR 240.z .

(b) Transf. and fig. sinks, abates, is lowered, humbled: gáir nách toirneann go tráth gleac, 3 C 12, 78.2 . rotairinn a ferg, CCath. 3698 . atbert gurab gerr co turnfadh a tren his might would be lessened, Expugn. Hib. 83 . a ríge sech cach rotherind his kingdom has waned, LL 308a3 . do talmain tairind gach sean, BB 410b35 . cor thoirind i cath | la hAilill till he was overthrown by A., Lec. 37b44 . do toirnetar don tograim desisted from pursuit, Celt. Rev. iv 212 .

See tairnigid.

do-autat, do-etat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-autat, do-etat or dil.ie/17195
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tanautat, dusn-arthet, danethat, dan-etat, doissnaetet, dosnethat, dosn-etat, tanettat, rontaedais, titacht

v (* to-in-tét, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 644 ; to-ad-uss-tét, Thurn. ZCP xii 410 ). (a) Comes (upon), catches, affronts, assails: danautat (.i. búalis) Loch cosin chlaidiub, LU 6199 = danuatat, TBC-I¹ 1714 . donautat-som int sod maic tire, TBC-I¹ 1720 = tanautat, LU 6209 . danautat idu mnāi tuachoill a pang strikes a clever woman, O'Mulc. 765 . dos-autat Corp Liath, IT ii2 197 YBL = dusn-arthet, Eg. dosnautat fíadgraig meets her, ZCP viii 311 . donetat Cuchulaind cen airm lais, TBC-I¹ 1599 = danethat, LU (leg. dan-etat). doissnaetet C., 1099 = dosnethat, LU (leg. dosn-etat). tanetat C. cloich fair, 810 = tanettat (.i. teilgid), LU 5285 . atchiu carpat . . . tauthat slúagu, TBC-I¹ 1088 (LU). ? Pret. is maith rontaedais well thou hast accosted us, Ériu i 116 . Pass. .i. fo neoch roetar do gabail .i. tartaigther is caught, O'Dav. 723 . Intrans.: tautat Fergus, IT ii2 213 . tautat Flidais asin dún, 27 . Vn. titacht. Cf. do-etha.

(b) Of bees, tracks (a swarm to the place where it settles): Pres. 3 s. fer doda-etet 'the man who tracks them', Bechbretha 72 § 37 . in dá trian n-aili do fhiur doda-etet 'the other two thirds [go] to the man who tracks them', Bechbretha 76 § 41 , cf. 78 § 43 . Pass. bretha bairr ┐ maigne di neoch do-etegar 'judgments of branches and of open land concerning whatever is tracked', Bechbretha 78 § 42 . Subj. pres. 3 s. in-otat saithe do-eit hi tír comaithich 'the swarm which he may follow enters the land of a neighbour', Bechbretha 80 § 45 . See also tetechtae.

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