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Your search returned 26 result(s).

ainmne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmne or dil.ie/1478

 

Forms: a., ainmnedha

n nt, gender uncertain in O. Ir., see GOI p. 208 . Later f. a.¤ (g s. id. n p. id. and ainmnedha), IGT Decl. § 3 . See Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 208 .

(a) patience, forbearance: is hécen a.¤ occo gl. per patientiam expectamus, Wb. 4a26 . a.¤ do chach fria chéile, 27b17 . a.¤ frim peccad, 28a14 . remcaissen ┐ ainmnet (g s.), Ml. 114a18 . iar n-ainmnit cen digail fora naimtea `after patient waiting without punishing His enemies', 83a8 . na dene ainmnit gl. noli in tua patentia sustinere, 55a1 . inna ainmnetea gl. patientias, Ml. 99a5 (an artificial pl. formation, GOI loc. cit.). dech cecha áilche a.¤ , LL 294a39 . a.¤ cen debaid, Tec. Corm. § 1.4 . a.¤ a.¤ a Patraic . . . ropridchais dilgud tabair dilgud dún, LU 9763 ( RC vi 164.25 ). íar mórenmne ┐ iar mórṡóethar, Trip.² 3101 . trí maic beres féile do ainmnit, Triads 143 . celebrad cóir co n-ainmnit, Ériu ii 64 § 4 . a.¤ fri cech rēt cor imrāiter, ZCP iii 25.15 . rop forus [n-]ainmnet an abode of patience (of a ruler), Críth G. 529 and n. maniba t'ainmnet . . . nut scaílfeth nert cumachta Dé, Trip.² 860 (g s.? manibit ainmnit (.i. ciúin) v.l.; cf. ainmnet .i. ciuin (quoting this passage), O'Dav. 189 ). do-gní a.¤ has patience: lúagh na hainmne[t] doronnai in gilla(i) forsin fairgi, SCano 142 ( Anecd. i 5.21 ). cé dogēnsam a.¤ uime though we are(?) patient about it, ACL iii 295 § 22 . doronsad a.¤ co cend tri la, BB 266a24 . mo chean do-rinne an a.¤ , DDána 120.21 .

(b) forbearance from food, abstinence: ba a.¤ ara mbeba (.i. do ítaid atbath .i. do lugu digi), ACC § 82 ( RC xx 266 ). ra threic a chraes ar anmne, ib. ara ainmni ┐ ar a oene, § 121 (ib. 400 ). ró aslacht foraib a.¤ do dénum ó theirt co hesbartain, Trip.² 2790 . atá sund lūag th'a.¤ seo, Ériu i 46.8 . a.¤ ara tibertar fochraic, Lism. L. 4406 .

airdircigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdircigidir or dil.ie/1845

 

Forms: airda(i)rcigidir, airdercugud

v (airdirc). Also airda(i)rcigidir.

(a) celebrates, solemnizes, keeps (a festival): erdaircigidir gl. concelebrat, Ml. 28b15 . erdirci[gi]dir gl. celebratur, ZCP vii 485.3 (Enchir. Aug.). is ann . . . erdharcaigit in cristaidi lith ┐ sollumun, Lism. L. 1786 .

(b) honours, praises; celebrates the praises of, makes renown ed: celebro .i. ardaircaigim: celebrad didiu erdarcugud anma Dé, Corm. Y 284 . gur hoirdercaigedh ainm De ┐ Maedócc, BNnÉ 195.34 . Gaedealg . . . .i. Gaedheal ros-irdarcaistar (rosirdharcaigestair v.l.) `ennobled it', Auraic. 205 . an fhuil do oirdhearcaidh (sic leg.) sin `the race which he has made glorious', Content. xxix 30 . dáil do oirdhearcaigh iaid-séin, DDána 117.11 .

(c) makes known, publishes abroad, proclaims: celebrabit .i. . . . erdarcaigfes, Ml. 89b4 . erdaircaigim si . . . daib failti moir gl. evangeliso uobis gaudium magnum, Rawl. B 512, 65b (Plummer MS. notes). gach ní no errdercaiged docuiredh fein i ngniomh, RC xxv 396 § 12 . an salm . . . inar scribad ind fhearsa naemsa airdercaigther sund, YBL 154b35 . do hurrdercaigedh fa Erinn ac Tuathaibh De Danann . . . oileamain na hingine sin, Ériu xi 198.5 . roherdurcaiged triasin cathraig `it was proclaimed', Lism. L. 4414 . aisnēidis ┐ oirrdercaigis . . . scēla . . . H. ` published ', Fl. Earls 236.20 .

Cf. prec. Vn. airdercugud.

ceilebar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceilebar or dil.ie/8453

 

n (cf. celebrad ): ata fundamuint le do cheileabhruibh, Luc. Fid. 5396 ` statement, discourse ', Gloss. éisteacht aingeal Árann, / . . . / éisteacht rena gceileabhraibh, Measgra D. 47.32 . éanlaith . . . ag ceileabhar ` warbling ', Oss. vi 76.7 .

ceilebarthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceilebarthach or dil.ie/8454

 

n ( celebrad ): iar m-bethaigh ceileburtaigh aiffrennaigh etc. a life devoted to celebrating (Mass), AU ii 120.24 ( AFM ii 1032.y , ALC i 126.9 ).

ceilebrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceilebrad or dil.ie/8455

 

x etc. see celebrad .

céillid(e), cíallaid(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céillid(e), cíallaid(e) or dil.ie/8464
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj (cíall). bean chiallaidh, IGT Decl. § 136 .

(a) relating to sense or meaning : coibnes ciallaide na liachtan-sa `connexion of sense', PH 4406 . 7837 . eitercheart ┐ mīnugad cīallaidi in anma, ITS xxxiv 102 § 52 . Prob. also in: for cech innsge iter ciallaide no neamciallaide, Auraic. 3032 . Text doubtful in: do reir ro ciallaide na mbreth, Laws iv 36.17 Comm.

(b) sensible, intelligent, reasonable : A. . . . / in craebh confada cēillidh (ceallaig. MS. : ḟēnnigh), ZCP viii 226 § 17 . labra ciallaidhe etymol. gl. on celebrad , Ériu xvii 68.10 ( Laws iv 210 ). So also Laws v 178.23 Comm. tart na ccuradh nīor chēillidh (: Éibhir) was beyond reason, O'R. Poems 874 . glár céillidhe, DDána 109.2 . ciallaidh (: fiallaigh), 108.13 . Mac Ceithearnoigh cialloidhe, Top. Poems² 604 . an cheathardhúil chialluighe ` wise-formed ', A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 30 . ann gach chás chéillidh `in every reasonable case', Content. v 10 . macaemh ceillidhe comhfhossaidh, AFM v 1822.18 . bídh mo chomhrādh fírinneach . . . cēillidh, Parrth. Anma 6391 . fa chúis chert chéllidhe `reasonable cause', RSClára 87a .

Compar. nícon festor . . . / banscál badid cíallaidiu, Liad. and Cuir. 16.8 .

As subst. don uile cheillidhe, Luc. Fid. 3425 (= adultus, Gloss.). ? gráin gach éinḟir iar n-a éag / céillidh ba cáir dá choimhéad `'twere wisdom to remember', Aithd. D. 80.23 .

celebrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. celebrad or dil.ie/8551

 

u and o, m. Vn. of celebraid. IGT Decl. § 11 (55.19) .

(a) Perh. act of celebrating, making famous, exalting in: ceilebrad ōndī as celebro .i. airdaircigim. C.¤ didiu erdarcugud anma Dé, Corm. Y 284 . búaid A. . . . / dia ch.¤ coméir `to celebrate it', Fél. Aug. 26 . a dhraig as cian cheileabhradh, DDána 102.46 `clú', Gloss.

(b) act of celebrating, holding (a religious ceremony, etc.): inc.¤ gl. celebratio, Ml. 80a4 . du c.¤ sollummun indi gl. ad festa, 133c9 . c.¤ cóir co nainmnit, Ériu ii 64 § 4 . mor do ḟindcheolanaib ceilebartha, Acall. 2610 . sacart, ┐ toiseach ceileabhartha Cluana mic Nóis, AFM ii 764.18 . cothuigh im chlí do cheileabhradh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 4 . ro-chlaiss chelebartha cantaic `singing canticles', Celtica iv 28.366 , cf. da clais segda sechtmogat do clasib . . . coiri celebarta, BB 241b30 .

Acc. to Plummer, V. SS. Hib. i cxv n.14 , when used in native contexts without qualification refers almost exclusively to celebration of canonical hours, only later to Mass. c.¤ iarmergi `the office of nocturns', Mon. Tall. 130.28 . Cf. 129.7 . [c]elebrad trátha, Wb. 25c23 . celebrath cach(a) tratha, Ériu xix 60 § 13 . fri ré ceileabhartha easparta, AFM iii 342.y . c.¤ domnaich `Sunday's office', Mon. Tall. 148.6 . afrenn is c.¤ glē, BColm. 100.13 . fri oiffrenn ┐ c.¤ , Celtica iv 32.458 . ceileabhradh oiffrinn, RSClára 87a . ord ceilibartha `liturgy', Fl. Earls 100.9 . In Laws in list of guarantees for contracts: naidm ┐ raith ┐ aitire ┐ ceilebrath ┐ gell, Bürgschaft 14 § 48 , acc. to Thurn. Hdb. p. 15 ref. to oaths taken on relics or gospel-book. In follg. the office of a religious functions as surety: amal . . . do dicsed a ch.¤ aire (of a `deórad dé'), Laws iv 210.9 . see Bürgschaft 59 . Note further: troscud no ch.¤ , Laws v 388.x . imcim ceileabarta fir lais i [mbi] cuma fir ┐ go, 178.4 .

(c) conversation, talk, discourse : ceileabhradh .i. comhrádh no comhchaint, O'Cl. c.¤ aingel, LU 3096 . mise gach laoi id leanmhain / tusa gan chead gceileabhraidh, Dánta Gr. 39.26 .

(d) Of birds act of singing, warbling: hoc gyrgyrium ceilebradh eoin, Ir. Gl. 746 . c.¤ en, RC viii 350.45 . fírrinn ceoil a gceileabhradh (birds), DDána 82.19 .

(e) act of bidding farewell; leave-taking, departure : co dairled forsin slige do ch.¤ dona maccaib, LU 5074 . ceileabhradh dhuit farewell , DDána 64.31 . ar los mo cheileabhradh (:fhiodhbhadh) leave-takings , Measgra D. 51.30 . ro caoíneadh an ceileabhradh sin an President acc bochtaibh ` departure ', AFM v 1664.20 . tiomnais celeabradh doib, MR 42.4 .

celebraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. celebraid or dil.ie/8552

 

Forms: celebrad

v (Lat. celebrare. Preponderance of cel- over ceil- perh. due to Lat. infl.).

(a) celebrates, holds (a religious ceremony, etc.): asrubart Dia friu som aracelebartis asollumnu, Ml. 102d3 . celebair féil T., Fél. Nov. 17 . is i medon aidche ro celebhradh caisc, Ériu ii 140 § 144 . gach aon ceileabhrus 'na fhód, BNnÉ 263 § 224 . Of canonical hours: celebraid cech aontrātha, ZCP vii 310 § 3 . celeberthair medōn lāi, Ériu i 44.24 . Of Mass: ceileabram, ZCP viii 231 § 1 . Note also: go cceileabhradáois an dara Comhairle ghenerālta, Parrth. Anma 3734 .

(b) Of birds sings, warbles: an t-ēn ceileabhrus do chach / uadh sloinnfidher é co bráth (viz. Flann mac Lonáin), ZCP viii 109.20 .

(c) bids farewell, takes one's leave, parts : arocelebrus gl. ualefaciens, Wb. 14d31 . lase celebirsimme gl. cum uale- fecissemus, Thes. i 498.7 (Ardm.). acebras (leg. celebras) gl. benedicens, 725 . is and celebrait mnā na nDēise say good-bye (to their country), Ériu iii 136.23 . c.¤ cách co toirsi máir, ZCP viii 310.28 . Usually with prep. DO: ro celébrai dóib, Trip.² 2317 (for form see GOI 420 ). a Lugaid celebor dam off you go, LU 6014 = celebair, TBC-I¹ 1546 . Cf. c.¤ lōeg L. departs, RC iii 178.27 . noceilebraitis na clerig dona laechaib, Anecd. i 43.18 . gur cheileabhair . . . don rígh, Keat. ii 1515 .

Vn. celebrad .

cetugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cetugad or dil.ie/8955
Last Revised: 2019

 

u, m. vn. of cetaigid.

(a) act of permitting; permission : cetugud dōib to allow them, BColm. 96.6 . tria . . . cetugud De, PH 67 . mar comartha cetaigthe, Fier. 20 . a[c] cetugud mo meic do marbad, TTebe 2243 . gan chedúghadh without permission, AFM ii 944.19 (cf. next section).

(b) act of asking permission : as fearr a cheatugadh to get permission for it, RC xiv 56.9 . bátar oca chetugud do I. dula isin tech 'they were asking J.'s permission to go into the house', Ev.Inf. (LB) 355 § 91.3 . Us. with CEN: cen cheadugad do neach without asking anyone's permission, MR 36.8 . dochuaid si cen chetugud dó D., LB 63a13 . tarthais in ridiri in coroin cin cetachad do Sir M. in spite of Sir M., Grail 867 . gan cedugadh da nach ndruing dhíobh unexpectedly (of enemies meeting), Hugh Roe² 62.6 . can cedacud can celebrad without taking leave, Cog. 144.9 .

dairthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dairthech or dil.ie/14308
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dairthach, daurthech, durthech, doirrthech, durthach, dúr(r)thech, derthech, dérthech, derthach, dérthach, dirthach, Derthaighi, ernaichthi, derthech, duirtheach, derthaighe, durtaig, dearthaigh, dairrtig, duirrtech, derthach, dirthige, dirthaige, durthigib

n dairthach, daurthech, durthech, doirrthech, durthach, dúr(r)thech, derthech, dérthech, derthach, dérthach, dirthach, s, n. later m. Derthaighi (g s. rhymes) with ernaichthi, AU i 412. 6 .

I (Literally oak-house) a penitentiary, oratory, prayer-house (originally of wood), the smallest of the sacred edifices used in Ireland; generally fifteen feet long and ten feet broad. Its value was ten heifers (samaisci), if thatched with rushes, ten cows if with slates H 3.15 , p. 653 .— durthach duairce, Eg. Gl. 246 . durrtaigi .i. durthech .i. dairthech .i. tech darach, Laws v 102. 27 Comm. saer drondurrtaigi comsaire do fri harig ndesa, ib. 102. 24 . oc dénum a derrthige, Fél.² lxxiii . durthach, IT iii 86. 21 . deirt[h]ech bec, RC x 187. 5 . conaca in relic ┐ in dairthach fo lánessair glan, LL 286 a 42 . daurthach bec ara bélaib, ib. 287 b 42 . lemsa cetna baclas dirthach is croch chloche, ib. 45 b 6 . ba mét daig ṅdáirthaige cach tob, BDD 65 . conustarladar for duirtheach mbec, FDG 116 . i ndorus in duirthíge, ib. 118 . i ndorchaib derrthaige, Otia i 126 . a cride amail chailc for bendchobar daurthige LB 108 a 79 . for bendchopar in daurtige, IT i 39. 17 . dorad síniudh a dairthaighi do, RC xxvii 280. 4 . do denuṁ a dart[h]aighe, ib. 5 . rethet daurthige i Tuaith dá muige, IT 41. 23 . i ndurtaig clárach, BB 299 b 6 . derthac Lusca do loscad, TFrag. 142. 18 . roloisg cealla ┐ dirthigi na naomh, ib. 116. 24 . losccad Léithglinne go léir cenmothá an deirtheach, AFM ii 878. 9 .—Further instances: n s. derthech ZCP iv 385. 4 . vi 99. 18 . duirtheach, Hy Fiach. 52. 2 . g s. derthaighe, AU i 412. 6 . LL 344 b 27 . BB 63 b 15 . ZCP iv 99. 20 . d s. durtaig, Mon. Tall. 132. 12 . dearthaigh, AFM 410. 10 . dairrtig, MR 124. 25 . duirrtech, ZCP vi 99. 3 . a s. derthach, AU i 502 . ZCP vi 99. 19 . n pl. dirthige, TTr. 116 . a pl. dirthaige, LL 330 e 48 . d pl. durthigib, RC xvii 358. 25 .

II A prayer-house in general, a chapel . durthach .i. teampall, O'Cl. in doirthech i cantar in celebrad i filet na tri ced clar .i. clar fo gach clérech, Fen. 206. 10 . in duirthech. . .tri ced clar ta san tig fa chomair gach chlerig, ib. 212. 27 .

III Metaph. a dark, wretched abode . doilgheas do bheith air tré bheith ag imirce a duirtheach daordhálach na colna don árus aoibhinn úd na cathrach neaṁdha, TSh. 76. 6 . (ifreann) dúirtheach duaibhseach daordhálach gacha deaṁain, ib. 186. 21 .

LOC. Breasal ó Dertaigh, Reeves Ad. 386. 27 . Drostan Dairtige (Deartaige AU) décc, AFM i 314. 12 . i nDerthoigh Aedhain, ib. 414. 14 . losccad Derthaighe Mochua, ib. ii 606. 3 . Cf. also IT i. 41. 23 and Dairthach Mic Mailine, Duirthech Laithrigh, D.¤ Seirc, Durrthach hUa mBriuin Chualunn, Onomast.

debroth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. debroth or dil.ie/14845
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: debroth, débródh, débroth, debrod, debro, debródh, debrath, debhrath, debrad, debhradh, debra, Débroth, debroth

ind an exclamation or asseveration constantly used by S. Patrick. debroth, Ardm. 6 b 1 . Thes. ii 310. 26 . Corm. s.v. mo d . Acall. 6648 . MacCongl. 15. 16 ; 83. 9 . O'Don. Sup. s.v. mo d.¤ de brot, Corm. l.c. (v.l.). débródh, Trip. 168. 14 . débroth, LB 27 b 3 . MacCongl. 45. 18 ; 61. 3 ; 67. 3 . debrod, Ardm. 7 a 2 . debro, Trip. 56. 6 (H 3. 18). debhroth, BB 208 a 41 . debródh, Trip. 56. 6 . — debrath, Thes. ii 290. 11 (Sg). H 3.18, 69 b . O'Mulc. 296 . debhrath, Todd Nenn. 182. 8 . debrad, Lism. L. 2246 . LB 251 a 5 . MacCarthy 436. 1 (BB). Fen. 214. 17 . debhradh AFM ii 652. 8 . debra, LL 193 b 51 (uncertain).

Rhymes with menman : dorata Dia debradh dúin : are rit ar menman mín, ZCP vi 266 § 10 ; with celebrad : co dered domain debrad : nocha bia gan celebrad , Fen. 214. 17 ; with delbda, LL 193 b 51 . In Debide : debrod : clod, ACC § 52 .

By the grammarians explained in various ways.

(a) usually explained as = Dia brátho God of judgment Thes. ii 310. 26 . Trip. 56. 6 (H 3. 18, ACL iii 16 § 36 ).

(b) already by Cormac connected with the Welsh formula min doiu braut `by God of the judgment' : mo debroth (v.l. luide mo de brot .i. mo dia brata) ol Patraic quod Scotici dicunt corrupte. síc hoc dici debet .i. muin doíu braut .i. muin didiu is meus. in díu is deus. in braut is judex .i. meus deus judex , Corm. s.v. mo d .

(c) as a Hebrew word. debrath ebraice. brath loquella. debrath didiu délabrath, O'Mulc. 296 .

(d) debrath .i. brath indsce. debrath didiu .i. deil a brath, H 3.18, 69 b .

(e) the explanation given in Colgan's Trias Thaum. p. 53 and 59 is due to misunderstanding of the passage in Ardm. 7 a 2 ( Trip. 292. 26 ).

(f) understood as degbriathar, Acall. 6648 (Franc. A 4 73 a ). See now Ériu lix 139-51 .

The rhymes with menman and celebrad (v. supra) do not necessarily prove original short -e-. Débroth the doom of God would be an ordinary cpd. of dia and bráth (u- stem), the latter passing into -broth in enclisis as scáth > scud (foscud, d sg.), gním > gnom. Mo d.¤ , dar mo d.¤ by the doom that God will pass on me on the day of Judgment. It seems the Irish equivalent of W. `min doiu braut,' not an adaptation of it. In `mo d.¤ ,' debroth is probably the dative.

(a) mo debroth seems the oldest formula : ` cui irascens Sanctus Patricius cum maledictione dixit : mudebrod male fecisti. nusquam proficiat tibi ager in aeternum , Ardm. 7 a 2 . et ait S. Patricius mudebroth quamuis laboraueritis nec tamen proficiat , ib. 6 b 1 = Trip. 289. 24 (transformed by Trias Thaum. 53 into`modebroth quod interpretatur quod non laboratis non proderit vobis '). mo debroth ol P., Corm., v. supra.—With strengthening om : mo debroth um ar Patraic bidh Hí Raduib do tṡíl trét umalóit, Acall. 6648 . — atbiur mo debroth...noco fesser cid fil and noco nérus, MacCongl. 15. 16 (analogically after atbiursa mo bréithir, &c.).

(b) dar mo debroth : asbert Patraic fris dar mo de broth is tualaing Dia sen mad áil dó. genus iuramenti sen la Patraic ac si diceret dar mo Dia bratha (which Trias Thaum. l.c. 4 transl. `per Deum meum Judicem sive judicii'), Thes. ii 310. 26 . dar mo debrod, ACC § 52 . darmo debródh ( débroth, LB 27 b 3 , debro, H 3.18 ) ol P. isind ulċ atá do chumachta, Trip. 56. 6 (H 3. 18 and LB add `.i. dar mo dia bratha (mbr. LB),' ACL iii 16 § 36 ).— dar mo debhrath ar Luirich (son of Sarran) is calma form in peata...andas in Coimdhe dia nadhair, Todd Nenn. 182. 8 .— dar mo debroth i fiadnaise in dúileman ba maith lium co rísaind a dochum in dúnaid sin, MacCongl. 83. 9 . darom débroth...ní bether co bráth, ib. 61. 3 .

(c) dom debroth: dom débroth fullfi friss, MacCongl. 45. 18 ; ib. 67. 3 .

(d) fom debroth: bam débroth, MacCongl. 57. 17 .

(e) a debroth: missi a debrad am fer sean (in verse) YBL 108 b 19 ( Ériu iv 150. 19 ).

(f) debroth alone, only in poetry: debrath nom choimmdiu cóima, Thes. ii 290. 11 (Editors' transl. is impossible; d.¤ perhaps abs. dat. `when the judgment of God is being passed,' i.e. on the day of Judgment, or an exclamation). roláis díot Feardia na ndrong: debhradh is crúaidh do choṁlann, Mil na mB. 27 l. 398 . muir nard nainbthech seoch a tæb: debrad nocha rígda dúil, Lism. L. 2246 . co dered domain debrad (: celebrad), Fen. 214. 17 . rocráided muintir Thomair: i niarthar domain debhradh by God's doom the race of T. was destroyed in the western world AFM ii 652. 15 (A.D. 942). Daminis debrad is tír, BB 51 a 47 ( MacCarthy 436. 1 ). dorata Dia debradh dún: are rit (= frit) ar menman mín (g s.) ZCP vi 266 st 10 .

do-im(m)gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-im(m)gair or dil.ie/17861

 

Forms: do[m]rimgair-se, do-dn-imgara, -gera, -timgér, timgēra, timgart, dorimgart, dorimgair, timgartatar, domrimgartsa, timgairid, timgaire

v (* to-imb-gair-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 535 ). Ipv. 2 s. do[m]rimgair-se, LL 163b7 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 6 , cf. v 126 ). Subj. pres. 3 s. do-dn-imgara, -gera, Ériu iii 98 . Fut. 1 s. -timgér, ZCP x 45 § 5. 3 s. timgēra, Imr. Brain § 59 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. timgart, ZCP viii 309 . dorimgart, SR 3176 . dorimgair, 4950 , 6555 . 3 pl. timgartatar, FB § 56 . Pass. domrimgartsa, LU 10307 . Later as simple vb. timgairid. Vn. timgaire. Cf. do-airmgert.

(a) asks, claims: ni dhlomhann ┐ ni thiomghair .i. ni dhiultann is ní iarrann, O'Cl. , cf. Hard. ii 296 . timgart .i. rochuinnig, O'Dav. 1558 . doimgair comartha dí asks a token for herself, ZCP viii 310 . mac duine timghair aithe a mhaoeine who asks requital of his treasures (?), ZCP xii 296 . mad in flaith timgaras a biad on ceili, Laws i 186 Comm. timgéra dig, Imr. Brain i 29 . asbert M. frisseom ara timgarad a echuir he should ask for its key, 53 . co fordala | do cach óin dodnimgara let him dispense to all that ask, Ériu iii 98 . dorimgart-seom a eneclaind for Midir, Metr. Dinds. ii 4 . dorimgart Fergus a giallu, Ériu iv 24 . timgair giallae co Duball, ZCP xii 236 . doimgairett dul chuice ask that they may approach her, ACL iii 326 . dorimgart in rechtaire in claideb do reicc ris do Socht asked S. to sell him the sword, IT iii 200 . ni sinn rothimgair . . . | do chor do dindgnaib richid it was not we who demanded thy expulsion, SR 1731 . rothiomghair a breith dom thigh, BS 156 . timairgid (leg. timgairid) celebrad de M. aks leave to depart, BColm. 22 . in timgér celebrad cóir | d'innsi móir mac Miled Múaidh? shall I take leave of?, ZCP x 45 § 5 . timgartatar Ulaid celebrad , FB § 56 . burba inna fecheman timgarat inna cesta `the ignorance of the advocates who seek to solve the difficulties' (? who ask, plead the questions), Laws ii 130 Comm. muna timgartar air he unless they (debts) are demanded of him, 272 Comm.

(b) asks for, calls, summons: tria aslach . . . dorimgart 'n-a comlepaid invited (of Potiphar's wife), SR 3176 . dorimgart corp do chrí chain | in ri doridnacht talmain has asked, i.e. called (formed) a body from clay, 2019 . ind anim dorigni (Dia) dam | hé rostimgair . . . he has called (claimed), 2066 . Adam mac Dé . . . dorimgair Fíadu findnār, 4950 . aingel De thimgair cach slog who convenes (?), 3045 . timgart ind ingen (leg. in n-ingin) chucci il-ligi, ZCP viii 309 . ? is [saer] ém domrimgartsa ó Lug, LU 10307 . do-riomghart a anmchara a dhochum, Hugh Roe 262 .

(c) Doubtful cases: ri rothimgair im cach mbuaid | ro-miscnig fingail fo[r]ruaid, SR 2477 . feib rothimgair Caïn cíar | cetna fingail for Abíal perpetrated (?), 2717 . romallach Dia Chaïn cruaid | is cech oen nogeinfed uaid | he fein rothimgair co trén | triana fingail for Abél checked, punished (?), Rawl. 76a20 = BB 7b31 , Lec. 74a40 = rothimairg, LL 141b45 (perh. orig. reading; for confusion of timgair- and timairg- cf. BColm. 22.26 quoted above). rodastroeth cech n-olc . . . rosglaed cech locht . . . dosrimgair arsech cói cath punished, subdued (?), SR 6555 ; cf. also 3045 quoted above, which admits of same meaning.

do-imnai, do-imna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-imnai, do-imna or dil.ie/17862
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: t-animmairni, dothimarnae, doimmarnad, timna, tiomnain, Thelephus

v (* to-imb-ad-no-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 585 ). Perf. 3 s. t-animmairni, Thes. ii 289 . dothimarnae, LL 117a17 . Pass. doimmarnad, Ml. 34a6 . Vn. timna. See also timarnad, where only the exx. from CCath. and O'Cl. are unequivocally nominal.

(a) commits, entrusts, bequeaths (with DO): na foachta fo[ḟ]echar i Cain Adomnan, dligith munter Adamnain forbach de . . . cit maicc ennaig, cit cléirig nó do neoch dian timnat `to whom they commit it', Cáin Ad. 43 . aithne timantar a charge that is committed, Laws v 196 Comm. [a]ní dobeir ┐ doimnai a mathair di, O'Curry 834 - 5 ( H 3.18 387b ). timna fri eg .i. inní timnaiter i neg, in ferann, 428 (233a). secht cét ṁbó . . . timnad dó tuc a Lagnib which had been delivered over to him, LL 161a28 (taken as vn., Metr. Dinds. iii 106 ). roaithne (.i. rotimain) a eclais do Pátraic, ACL iii 18 . in loc so tanimmairni Ternohc . . . er cul Peter Apstel T. has bequeathed it, Thes. ii 289 . tiomnain (leg. tiomnaim) mo bhú do bhochtaibh I bequeath , O'Gr. Cat. 28 . rotimná Teosforus . . . a ríge dia éis do Thelephus , LL 234a15 ( TTr. 1263 ). rostiumuin don eclais gl. ag doradtar do Dia, Laws v 270 Comm. do thiomain flaitheas na Scitia do M. an mac fá sine aige, Keat. ii 168 . do thiomain sé don eaglais ar a anmain í bequeathed it for the sake of his soul, TSh. 5211 . nír thimna athair da mac the father leaves nothing to his son, LL 346a42 . dá dtiomnadh neach ní nach leis dá chloinn, Content. v 141 . Commends, entrusts: timnaim ar deirc m'anum duitt-si a glaicc in diabail, Lib. Flav. i 23ra7 . tiomnuim mo chorp ┐ mh'anam . . . ar ionchaibh do thrócaire, Parrth. Anma 294 . tiomnaid a n-anam do Dhia, a gcorp don uaigh, TSh. 8682 . do thiomain a chorp ┐ a anam ar a chomairce, Keat. iii 1954 . cur-ro[t]timnor . . . mor don ingnad atconnarc `that I may confide to thee', BColm. 48 .

(b) In follg. cases where obj. is a clause, meaning seems to pass into that of promises: beo-thimnaim do Chass | bid cuibrend cu sliss, | biat ecla ria Cass, LL 147a36 ( PRIA xix 550 ). doraind Pátraic Ráith nAirthir | . . . | timarnae na túa sa, | céne marus bith, | bes n-ed násad inna túad | . . . | nád mbíad acht óenguine | fora fout co brāth he left as bequest to these ramparts that, while the world endures, thither the tribes shall gather . . . that there should be but one slaughter (committed) within them (?), Trip.² 755 . timarne Patraic nat bé rí hi Caisiul acht di chlaind Nad fráich, ZCP viii 315 (cf. Trip.² 2293 ). timarnad duit ó Día . . . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére acht duit t'oenur, Trip.² 2764 . timarnad duit óm céliú . . . dobéra deit in mnái, LU 3341 ( SCC § 13 ). timarnád duit úad, doticfa slóg uad, § 20 .

(c) enjoins, commands (with DO of pers.): doimmarnad hosenachrib `that was commanded by S.', Ml. 34a6 . dorimnai Dia . . . a cosc, SR 4153 . airmitiu do thustidib, rothimna in ri, ACL iii 312 , cf. LB 261a6 . Patraic timairne in figill seo, RC xv 491 . timarnasat cethri prīmsuidi Erenn gres fria do gach mac bethad, ib. timarnai Dia doitsi dul do proicept, Lism. L. 222 . timnais Eochaid troscad ara macaib, RC xv 148 . timmarnad tene ruad, IT iii 39 , cf. Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 26 . timarnad duit-si o Día techt doc[h]um nÉirenn, Trip.² 255 . timarnath duit on Dagdo con-comthastar, etc., RC iii 345 . timarnad duit nád dechis for taired, Ériu iii 108 .

(d) In phr. do-imna celebrad (do) takes leave (of): timnait celebrad dond ríg, FB § 65 . tiomnait celeabhradh dhó, AFM vi 1900 . Hugh Roe 16 . timnais celebrad , LU 10346 . rotimain ceilebradh doibh ┐ roimigh, Ériu iii 162 . rotimain celebrad do A., Aen. 1450 . timnas an ingin celebrad do na banfeindedaib, RC v 199 . tiomnais celeabrad doib, MR 42 . rothimainsed celebrad do, RC xxvi 134 . do thiomnadar ceileabhradh araon took leave of each other, Ériu v 78 . do hiomnadur (leg. do th.) cheiliubradh do Coinchulainn, RC xxix 114 . Acall. 825 .

domnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. domnach or dil.ie/18124
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Domnach, domnaig, domnaige

n o, m. (on Domnach n-Aíssi, Trip.² 2945 , see ITS Sub. ​xxvii § 6.7​ ). (Lat. dominicus). m. (g s. -aigh, n p. -aighi), IGT Decl. § 55 .

(a) Sunday, the Lord's day , absol. or with dia, laithe: is é cet lá na sechtmaine in d.¤ , PH 3584 . in dómnach . . . is airmitnech ic muinntir nime ┐ talman, 4653 . dia domnich, Wb. 14a1 . cāin domnaig the law of Sunday, Thes. ii 306.22 . ord in domnaig, Imr. Brain ii 284 ( LU 1217 ). celebrad domnaig, Fél. Feb. 15 . bairgen domnaigh, Laws i 106.28 Comm. na dena obair dómnaig, PH 7365 . eipistil di laithiu domnaig, Ériu ii 192 § 1 . tri úara cach (cecha, LB) domnaig, FA § 30 . gurab gacha domnaig do chaithedh C. biad, SG ii 466.22 . a n-oidche an deghdhomhnaig | attracht ar Tigerna, ZCP viii 207.1 . rígh [an] domnaigh déigheanaigh | atré don brath (i.e. Sunday preceding the day of Doom), 200.31 . i ndomnuch rogabad, Ml. 45d7 . i ndomnuch na comdála, SR 8281 . troscud do dénum i ndómnach, PH 4933 . boí dá D. forsin topur-sin, Trip.² 1263 . na domnaige (pl.), PH 4932 . cúimnig na dómnaige do naemad, 7344 . hi sollamnaib ┐ primfhéilib ┐ domnaigib, Ériu i 219 § 9 . i ndomnachaib, RC x 50 § 20 . adaig domnaig the eve of Sunday (from 6 p.m. on Saturday to 6 a.m. on Sunday, cf. ZCP viii 207.1 quoted above). o espartain aidchi domnaig co hanteirt día luain, RC x 60 § 25 ; Trip.² 1418 . litir domnaig dominical letter: d'faghbail na leitrech domnaidh, O'Gr. Cat. 287.11 . litir dhomnuidh, Rel. Celt. i 149.1 . In asseverations (mod.): air ndomhnach feuchfaidh mé leis é by Sunday! GJ iii 37a (É. Ó Cléirigh); 'ndomhnach is cuma liom, 50a . In special applications: domnach na mbuarach ndub `a pagan pastoral festival', O'R. Poems d.¤ cingcíse Whitsunday (Pentecost). d.¤ na himrime (see imrim). d.¤ na pailme Palm Sunday , Ashmol. 1763, 168a . d.¤ oinide Sunday preceding Lent , PCT 1766 .

(b) church: fundavit aeclessiam ibi id est D.¤ Ailmaige, Ardm. 15a1 ( Thes. ii 268.31 ). secht ndomnaig do Pátraic, Trip.² 1972 (ndomnaigi, v.l.). Freq. in place-names, see Hog. Onom.

(c) Name of a shrine or gospel-case (so called from fancied resemblance to a church?): Domnach Airgid, MS. Mat. 312 f .

Name of a brake or thicket: rube sciad ┐ droigen ┐ croíb . . . D.¤ a ainm, Trip.² 852 .

In n.pr.: Ferdamnach (= Ferdomnach = vir dominicus?), Thes. ii 286.39 . Imtheacht Domnaig (i.e. Sabbath-breaker ? prob. a sobriquet), BB 76a50 . Cú Domnaich (= hound of the church?), Rawl. 141b7 .

(d) Of a battle fought on a Sunday : domnach Aindin ardafich i nderiud in fhogmair 'the Sunday battle at [Lough] Ennell at the end of autumn in which he [will] vanquish them', B. in Scáil² 46 § 52 . do-tóeth Cenn Fáelad i ndomnach Chúili Coíláin 'Cenn Fáelad will die in the Sunday-battle of Cúil Choíláin', B. in Scáil² 42 § 38 .

1 é, hé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 é, hé or dil.ie/19325
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ishé, is hé, hǽ, isé, hǽ, hé, asné, ishe, issé, isé, é, hé, é, hésom, hesom, hǽsium, ésium, esium, eisiu, esiomh, eisim, esim, éseom, eseom, eiseom, esen, ésen, eisen, eisea, eision, essium, eissiu, eissiumh, esseo, essem, essim, eissi, eissin, hisseom, heside, he side, éside, eside, éisidhe, eisidhe, eiside, esede, eisidh, esiden, esidein, eisidhein, esein, éisei, eiséin, eisidei, eiseic, ese, esside, hessidhi, eissid, eissidi, eissideic, eisseic, eissein, es(s)ide, bé, cebe, gibe, cidbe, eside, esium, (h) é, éseom, esium, eissium, é, é

pron. 3 s. m. ; fem. , q.v. (later also í) ; neut. 1 ed, q.v. For pl. see 2 é.

In Glosses with copula : ishé, Wb. 4c3 . 25b2 . Sg. 3b20 . is hé, Ml. 36a32 . is hǽ , 102b5 . isé, BCr. 18b12 . mad hǽ , Wb. 27b6 . ba hé , Ml. 24a4 . Wb. 19c4 . asné, 4d16 . Ml. 31b24 . Mark of length sometimes omitted, as : ishe Wb. 25a24 . Ml. 45b11 .

In early Mid. Ir. with copula 3 s. pr. issé, isé ; independently é, hé ; in later MSS regularly é. Before -som, etc. hésom, Wb. 7c8 . 24d5 . hesom, Ml. 53a5 . 90b13 . hǽsium, Ml. 30c5 . ésium, TBC-LL¹ 1744 . 6050 . esium, 1107 . 1189 . LL 223b14 . eisiu, Acall. 1979 . esiomh, TBC-LL¹ 3883 St. eisim, TBC-I¹ 2444 . BColm. 60.6 . esim, 104 . 12 . éseom, TBC-LL¹ 5971. eseom, LU 12a36 . 126a29 . TBC-I¹ 559 . 580 . eiseom, 1222 . 1543 . TTr.² 1451 . esen Corm. Y 276 . CCath. 2615 . ésen, TBC-LL¹ 2893. eisen O'Gr. Cat. 488 ( : seisen). eisea, Dán Dé xxv 53 ( : móirsheisear). TSh. 5134 . eision, TBC-LL¹ 3883 v.l. TD 34. l. 189 . In early Mid. Ir. freq. with -ss- : essium, PH 281. MacCongl. 55.11 . eissiu, Acall. 6017.6708 . 7890 . eissiumh Metr. Dinds. iv 282y . esseo, Trip. 394.4 . IT i 131.12 . essem, Ériu i 126.12 . ZCP ix 156 ( = TBC-I¹ 1543 ). essim ZCP iii 258 ( = LU 126a29 ). eissi, Acall. 2080.3353 . eissin, 7642 . Cf. hisseom, PH 1513 . Before -side, -séin, etc. : heside, Wb. 3c15 . Ml. 100c10 . 102a20 . he side Ml. 100b23 . éside, LL 219a34 . eside, TBC-LL¹ 2230 . PH 929 , etc. éisidhe, Lism. L. 3429 . eisidhe, 424 . eiside Laws iv 138z Comm. . TTr.² 373 . esede, TBC-LL¹ 4502. eisidh, Laws i 8.6 . esiden, YBL 62a27 . esidein, BColm. 52.18 . eisidhein, ZCP viii 551 y ( = TBC-LL¹ 1874 ). esein, PH 1963 . éisei, Acall. 1463 . eiséin, Studies 1924, 242 § 7 . eisidei, Laws i 4.25 . eiseic, iv 46.14 Comm. v 448.30 Comm. Acall. 5944 . ese, Laws iv 16.17 Comm. With -ss- : esside, LU 22a38 . ZCP viii 302.23 . Auraic. 207 . MacCongl. 3.11 . hessidhi, Lism. L. 3888 . eissid, Corm. Y 276 . eissidi, Do Chupur 56 ( IT iii 237 ). eissideic, Acall. 4833 . eisseic, 6034 . eissein, 5819 . 7982 .

In early Mid. Ir. we sometimes find es(s)ide standing for a fem. subst. : oc siair tharisi do .i. fedb craibdech eside PH 943 ; cf. Laws iv 176.24 ( 178.4 ) ; 226.7 .

The O.Ir. quantity of 1 é before the suffix is attested by the rime glēsom : hēsom, IT iii 44 § 60 . Thurneysen remarks ( Thurn. Hdb. § 447 ) that the length of the vowel in ésom may be due to the influence of 2 é which, to judge from Welsh wy, is long by nature. In late Mid.-Ir. however the vowel is regularly short before the strengthening or anaphoric suffixes. The shortening may be explained by the analogy of 3 mes(s)e, tussu s.v. .

A detailed examination of the use of the independent pron. in Old and Mid. Ir. belongs to syntax and would be out of place here ; we give however some illustrations of the typical uses for these periods. Some special uses are noticed in IX.

I Placed immediately after the copula, in the following types of sentences :

(a) bad he for n-ere (gl. portate dominum) Wb. 9d12 . is heside athir inna mmachabdae (gl. Mathathiae) Ml. 74b6 . ishé a ammus lemm that is my guess at it (gl. cum iam fere centum annorum esset) Wb. 2c27 . ba ed á n-oínbiad (gl. mannae) Ml. 97d8 . Símon Bar-ióne...is e eochair na flatha némdai, PH 1639 . tucus aichne fairsim corb'é Ísu I knew that He was Jesus 3736 . ní hé Cormac beus, TBC-I¹ 13 . In Mid. Ir. the pron. is often repeated after the subj. in sentences of this type : (a1) is é gaiscedach as dech fil díb hé, LU 101a39 = FB 14 (hé om. ZCP iv 153 ). issé mo lennán é, TBC-LL¹ 4560 . corb' e metrapolitan na primchathrach he, PH 189 . as é céd-duine tárla dó hé, Acall. 624 . fa hé céidrí Éireann do ṡíol Éibhir é, Keat. ii 1875 . When the second pron. stands for a subst. of different gender from that of the pred. we get the type : is tocrádh mór marbhnadh Dé | ní hé an brón gan adhbhur í, Dán Dé xxvi 1 . dob é ceirtleath m'anma í, Studies 1924, 428 § 9 .

(b) is hésom doradchiúir (gl. Christo Jesu) Wb. 2b9 . is heside dorárricc báas dúnni, 3c15 . is heside robu rí, Ml. 100c10 . Mac Roth...is e timchellas hErind ind oenló TBC-I¹ 1110 .

(c) is he Dia insin (Quis est iste Deus...? Deus sc. ille qui...) Ml. 83c5 . rii benn ced ara neper? Is he rí tuathi insin lasmbiat .vii. ngraid ḟene, Laws iv 328.24 . is hé rí insin loingside siabrai, LU 99a27 .

(d) ba he a ngnimsom molad Dǽ (quorum...officium) Ml. 24a4 . is sí ind inducbal lesom in molad, 126b17 . corrophed mo indeb Crist (gl. ut Christum lucrifaciam) Wb. 24a6 . is e in cetna herdach celebrad ┐ procept brethri Dé, PH 3600 . dob í m'ḟáilte mo riar, Keat. iii 1450 . issé biadh do buí ag M. uidhe cerc ┐ aran, BCC § 122 . Keat. ii 2687 .

(e) is hé rufiastar cumachtae inna diglae...in tí, etc. Ml. 111c13 . is ed as dulem daitsiu m'etarcnae, 103a9 . is é as fhoghar dá gach eon | moladh Dé, Dán Dé xiv 23 . Cf. is e thainic a n-agaid Patraic .i. Sínell, Lism. L. 248 .

(f) asné Crist in lie asrubart, Wb. 4d16 . issi so a chiall, Ml. 65a3 . is e cētlá na sechtmaine in domnach PH 3584 . int shollsi-so...is e Crist mac Dé sin, 3792 . badh í an úaisle ar n-eólaichne, Ériu ix 163 § 6 . gurbh í Éire tobar draoidheachta iarthair Eorpa, Keat. ii 963 . The pron. is regularly in concord with the follg. subst., but cf. is í ar gceann báidheine an bhean, Dán Dé ii 29 .

(g) When the pred. precedes the cop., the word following the pron. usually decides the gender of the latter : in choss is hé oís achtáil, Wb. 12a23 . Crist didiu issí in chathir, 21c5 . cf. i dteangthaibh nach í an Scoitic in languages other than Scottic Content. vi 19 . Cf. on the other hand Wb. 3b16 , 18 . PH 1639

(h) is hé Dia as eola indiumsa, Wb. 8d23 . ní hé apstal citarogab in testiminso, Ml. 38c3 . comad he Nathi bud choscrach, RC xxiv 180 . ba saeth le M. nach he Brian ba ri, 176 . ce nib ed á ainmsom bes foir, Ml. 23d17 . (In O.Ir. the pron. is not obligatory in this type ; cf. issí ind ainim as airlam...ní incorpp, Wb. 3d11 . ni far mbrónsi immafolngi fáilti domsa, 16b8 . is a indocbál fessin condieig cách, 23d5 . ni Dia dudgní..., Ml. 44d21 .) is é mo chorp ro ádnaicis[s]i, PH 3732 . is é an beo do bhí 'na chroich | doní idir eo agus éanlaith, Dán Dé vi 40 . gurbh í an Ghaedhealg fá teanga dona draoithibh, Keat. ii 964 .

(i) The copula may be omitted : he fessin as choimsid dáu, Thes. ii 294.3 . hé cotnarlaic...doib anisin, SR 3659 . é leth luidi, Metr. Dinds. ii 2 . é domrad a n-éccomhnart, BS 48.16 .

II

(a) After interrogatives : cia hé (gl. quis) Ml. 46c17 . cia hé nundixnaigthersiu, 75c9 . ce hé roscríb, Sg. 197a19 . cóich esein, PH 1963 . cidh esen itir, TBC-LL¹ 3843 St. cuich hé in t-airfidech ut ?, Acall. 7525 . cret eissein in t-abhacc ?, 7982 .

(b) After sechi, sechip, cip (cib) : sechi he (gl. si quis) Ml. 35b4 . sechi é cretes de illis Wb. 15b1 . sechi sí (gl. quaelibet) Ml. 65d2 . sechi sí dia rignaib, 65d8 . sechip hé nodapridcha whosoever he be that preaches it Wb. 14d28 . sechip hé dán tra doberthar do neuch, 13a3 . ciphé ade Ml. 26a1 . ponat ergo lunam (cipé) ubilibet computare voluerit BCr. 31c2 . ciped ní, PH 1520 . gib é dig...ni ba missi, TBC-LL¹ 1223 . cip é imress méla...fort, 46 . So far as can be judged from published material cip é (gib é) is regularly replaced in late Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. by the anomalous gi bé (gidh bé), in which bé is fully stressed and alliterates with b. This form occurs already in O.Ir. : cia bé a mmet however big it be Ml. 61b28 . cía bé (MSS. cebe, gibe, cidbe, etc.) dlug bías duib, Metr. Dinds. iii 42 . gipe ra ṡossed (cía bé roisedh v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 6076 . atú ar bhaois gidh bé nach fuil, Dán Dé ix 8 . gi bé do bhronn a dhá rosg, Studies 1921, 258 § 9 .

It may be noted here that the position of the pron. in copula (or virtually copula) sentences in Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. is not always in accordance with orthodox modern usage, e.g. Tadhg esiomh nó a aithgin he is T. or else his counterpart O'Gr. Cat. 488 (= Ir. Monthly 1921, 291 ).

III With 2 os, q.v. : os hǽ (gl. donorum amicus) Ml. 69c4 . oshé, 122b14 . oshe, 123b4 . osse cona licc fora thairr, TBC-I¹ 891 . Similarly with is (s), s, ocus (┐) : deidghin...ina cinn isse níamdo, IT i 119.27 . a inar bláith ...is é étrom, TBC-I¹ 1871 . mar éan is é gan eitil, Dán Dé vii 22 . in scáilfer...sé tailc, IT i 271.11 . andara hech dibsidi ocus se...luath-lemnech, TBC-I¹ 2557 . ocus se baccach, PH 620 . ┐ se ina shessom, 622 . áráit...si imtromm, IT i 271.36 .

IV Independently : hésom triuss, Wb. 7c8 . tría buith adi innim ┐ hǽsium i talam because He is in heaven and he on earth Ml. 30c5 ....nad cho[m] nech acht hesom fesin 53a5 . cen fis accu he buden ina Cristaige, PH 56 . ni nech aile...acht he buden ┐ Dia, 607 . nachar mhair acht é féin amháin, Keat. ii 4179 . cunnradh eile atamaoidni do dhenamh le hA., acus eisin linne, Ir. Deeds, Trans. RIA xv 87.22 . In affirmation : Ferbaeth an e dothæt... imbarach? Eiseom on, TBC-I¹ 1543 = YBL 31a17 . After indá, in(n)a, ná than ( = O.Ir. oldá(a)s, indá(a)s) : fearr neach ele iná hé féin | dá mholadh, Studies 1924, 242 . do ba sine ioná é féin, Keat. ii 1828 . After cen, eter, 1 amlaid, 1 mar, q.v.

Here also may be noticed the type : is móidi a subailchi sin ┐ is laidirede congmus duine a n-agaid a namatt é its virtues are the greater (for) that and it aids a man more powerfully against his enemies thereby Maund. 139 . do benadh an t-iarann as an crand ┐ nir misde do bhi an tseisrech ag trebad é the iron was removed and none the worse was the team plowing BCC § 76 ; in these passages the pronouns sin, é, are asyntactical. Cf. the exx. in Fasc. i 162-163.

The usages classified under V-IX belong to the Mid. Ir. period, and later. Strachan has shown that V-VII were in use before the end of the eleventh century, and well established before the end of the twelfth ; see Ériu i 176 .

The form sé which arises in this period is treated s.v.

V As subject of the copula, following the pred. In early Mid. Ir. we find numerous exx. in which side is replaced by eside, som by esium, etc. (perhaps on the pattern of is éside x, is ésom x), as : in Fiac sin dano mac eside meic E....(v.l. mac sede), Thes. ii 307.3 . Cf. the O.Ir. types : is Diasom domsa, Wb. 1a2 . ni augtor side uilc, Ml. 44d19 ; these seem parallel to : ba cosnamaid Erenn esside an inbaid sin i n-agaid Cathail, MacCongl. 3 - 5 .

In early Mid. Ir. eside, esium, etc. usually follow the pred. directly, while the copula is unexpressed : dalta esseom do P., Trip. 394.4 . bai mac etorro... .i. Mael D. mac A. esside, LU 22a38 . Necódim...sái rechta eside PH 3677 . dalta do C. beos essium, 281 . Whether this type preceded and originated the use of the simple pron. as subj. of the copula is uncertain; there are numerous early exx. of (h) é etc. where the anaphoric pron. would be out of place.

Nicodemus... .i. cara inclethi do Crist he, PH 209 . ní cubaid bás cosmail doib, uair Pól ennacc he, Petar tra...écraibdech eside, 1865 . With copula expressed: combá mac dond ríg hé, LU 22b29 . is la Coin Culaind... hé, 112a24 ( FB 89 ). ba hairchindech na n-apstal he, PH 1637 . ba hōgshlān he, 468 . ba cumang les he, 64 .

VI As obj. of trans. vb., replacing the O.Ir. infixed pron. (The transitional stage is illustrated in the tautological types: cotgair Lugaid amach hé, TBC-I¹ 1063 . connachrancatár hé, LU 59a33 . roscuirset himmach he, PH 110 ): cona ragbad in galar hé, LU 14b31 . rocharsat hé, 121b35 . rochrechtnaig eseom, 126a28 . co cualutar hé, PH 18 . acall-su fessin é, TBC-LL¹ 1652 . guid he beseech him PH 343 . In reflexive sense: do lecc C.C. ar a gluínib é, BCC 274.29 .

VII As subj. of pass. vb.: robaided hé, LU 41a23 . cf. rogabad hí, 41a33 . is annam fogabar he cen chatha RC xxiv 200 . meni frithalter innocht é, TBC-LL¹ 1352 . nach acaltar é, 1694 . rohindarbad asin cathraig he, PH 949 .

VIII Occasionally as subj. of certain intrans. verbs: mas re ré na fochraice táinic amuigh hé, Laws iv 134.13 Comm. noco bia itir hi, 42.2 Comm. ar nach tisad friss he, LL 217b34 . ní raibe a n-aicned duinde eisseic, Acall. 6034 . ni roerchoidigestar do hí (sc. in lassar), Trip. 392.9 . Cf. as subj. of trans. verb: ni torracht Herinn andsin í, RC xii 78 . In such exx. the pron. is regularly separated from the vb., cf. imridh sé éinbhearta is í, IGT, Decl. ex. 1113 ; but: ór ḟás eision, TD 34. l. 189 .

Here may be noted: ol eissidi, IT iii 237.1 . bar ésium (éseom) quoth he TBC-LL¹ 4568 . 5971 . 6050 . ar esium 1189 . bar eissium , Acall. 4615 . cf. ar si, ar sisi, IT ii2 227.34 - 5 . See ol.

IX There are a few special uses of é in a neutral sense, without regard to gender of follg. subst. (cf. 1 ed):

(a) is e cuit in `acht' and the force of the `except' here is Laws iv 42.1 Comm. is e cuit in dono ann, 136.24 Comm. badh é a chríoch...go mbrisfimni..., Ériu ix 164 § 14 . is é críoch a gcualabhair this is the gist TD 31.8 . an é a reic is damhna dhí, 22a42 . iss é sin ciall in sceil, Acall. 3326 . is é áit..., Keat. iii 5055.5199 etc.

(b) in indef. predication, as: ní hé amháin not only that TD 9.11 ; 22.5 . Ó Héodhusa 34.9 ; 54.5 . Mac Aingil 326 . an é nach faici-sí C.? do ye not see C? BCC § 100 . an é nách easbol meisi ? an é nách fuilim saor ? 1 Corinth. ix 2 .

(c) referring to a statement or fact, etc.: rucad in Dond C....úadib...conid é sin méla ┐ mertain ┐ meraigecht is mó tucad for C.C., TBC-LL¹ 2041 (conadh í sin mela is mó v.l.). a Dhé ní d'anaibhse mh'olc | é nach faghaim-se furtocht, Dán Dé vi 34 . re hinghin Anna is é adearar | Dia an t-eitne agus ibh an chnú, x 22 . as é adeirid...nach treabhonn mé...iad, Studies 1923, 81 . is é chráidheas an croidhe | mé ag áineas tar m'eólchoire, 1924, 88 . See Strachan, Ériu i 163 .

For é with neut. or fem. subst. in Mid.-Ir. see Strachan's paper on Middle Ir. Declension, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1905 .

fedalrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fedalrad or dil.ie/21429

 

n o, n. (cf. 1 feidil) constancy: afrenn is celebrad gle, | ni f.¤ fand `no feeble constancy' BColm. 100.13 .

1 goiste

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 goiste or dil.ie/26335

 

n io, m.

(a) halter, noose : ho goistiu .i. dobert g.¤ imma bragait fadesin, gl. suspendio, Ml. 23b10 . [demal] dia mba g.¤ celebrad the demon to whom celebration (of mass) was a hanging, ACC 41 ( RC xx 176 ). snadmann na ngad ┐ na ngoistedh, CCath. 3980 . do-rat gosti ... im brágait in apstail, PH 2556 . a gosti cúibrig in chuirp (the body to the soul), 8271 . slangoisti with unbroken halter (of a horse), O'Curry 1863 ( 23 P 3, 20a ).

(b) In phrase g.¤ gabálae (precise meaning uncertain, perh. running noose ?) : nó dia mba góiste gabála, RC xx 428.15 (ACC). amhuil g.¤ ngabala .i. díbadh na ndaine, Laws i 50.19 Comm. faicsin Dé do budh dána | is é i ngaisdibh gabhála, DDána 57.32 . Note also : i ngaisti gaibhes .i. ... i ngoisti gabaidh, O'Dav. 1047 . do bhádar sein na mbuairgib ... ┐ i n-gaistédaib ... gabaid were as spancels and as dangerous traps (of fettered warriors impeding the flight of others ?), MR 318.1 .

(c) snare, gin, trap , in general : ní indlium for iascu ... lína nā gosti, Alex. 863 ; 1010 . BB 499b13 . Anecd. v 8.1 . grád dobeir in t-én do'n ghoiste, PH 7736 . amail do cein-geoltai én a painter nó a ngaisde, BCC 112.34 . ag gearradh an ghaiste dá ngobaibh (of birds), TSh. 3910 . áit nach bí gaiste ar bioth air (a bird), Amos iii 5.

In phrase i ng.¤ (ag) ensnared by, in the toils of (usually fig.) : i ngaisde ag mnaoi dhála Dé, DDána 32.11 . i ngaisde Ríogh an ríchidh, Dán Dé xi 21 . mé saor ón ngaisde na ngéabh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxii 11 . a ngoisde an vhais, Aisl. Tond. 95.z . i ngaisde an éaga, DDána 52.10 . mé i ngaisde 'gun ghalarsa, Dán Dé xiii 7 . id ghaisdibh gráidh in the toils of thy love, DDána 103.16 . i ngaistibh an pheacaidh, TSh. 7566.

íarmérge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarmérge or dil.ie/27015

 

Forms: íarmérgi

n , f. (lit. after-rising) the name of one of the canonical hours . See Best, KMMisc. 162 ff . íarmérgi, IGT Decl. § 3.30 .

I matins, nocturns : iarméirge cert la sruithi | diad n-aidchi, tossach laithi `the right nocturn according to sages [is] the end of the night, the beginning of day,' Ériu iii 100 § 22. iter midnocht ┐ īarmērgiu, ZCP ix 449.7 . trichae salm cech iarméirgi | dá ṡálm deëc do midnocht, Ériu iii 98 § 19. īarmērge, ar is and radīult Petar, 116.15 . im díb trathaib i naidchib .i. im espartain ┐ im iairmergi, Fél.² xcviii 12. doronadh mirbuil mor isin aidhche adbath—in adhaigh do solustughudh ota iarmeirghi co gairm in coiligh `from nocturn to the call of the cock,' AU ii 174.y . biad iarmergi `the Beati of nocturns,' Mon. Tall. 131.3 . dogní ind crosfigild ... im iarmergi aidchi tairridi notlaic `at nocturns on the night following Epiphany,' Mon. Tall. 138.34 . im trath cecha iarmeirghi dorddaid ceol mbind `matins,' Ériu ii 116 § 47. umin iarmeirgi isin aidhche, O'Curry 1909 (< 23 P 3, fo. 23 ). etir iarmerge is tiugnar between nocturns and matins, SR 810. ni roairigset na sruithi ind iarmeirghi in adaig-sin cu primh iarnamarach, Lism. L. 4198. medón aidchi iarom ... Is é tráth són dodeochaid in chaillech do béim chluic do íarmérgi, RC ix 452.y . tar éis na híarmhēirghe aréir | is ann do ráidh rium Ó Néill, KMMisc. 366 § 3. techt don iarmerghi mór saeth | ... munbad omun Fiadhat find | gid bind in cloch ni thiagh dó, Ériu ii 229.8 . iarmērge ūar lethrannach | fri mōidmuigi mōir against great boasting, ZCP vi 271 § 4. conid cualai oc celebrad íarmerge ina eclais, LL 282a19 . iarmhéirghe an mheadhóin oidhche, Keat. iii 1120. do cleachtaoi leó ... aoine ┐ iairmhéirghe, TSh. 2269.

II The time when this office was performed, i.e. midnight, daybreak (the confusion here is due to the fact that Matins, though properly the midnight office, came in the late Middle Ages, to be celebrated immediately before lauds, the first of the day-hours of the Church. See Gougaud, Christianity in Celtic Lands, p. 333 ) : guth circe fráoich an tsléibhe | do cluinsin im iarmhéirghe `to hear at dawn,' BS 152.12 . o thá iarmeirge co muichdedoil `from midnight to day-break,' AFM iii 10.2 . leasc leam éirghe san íarmhérghe | d'éis chogalta, IGT Decl. ex. 1190. ésca ní faicfidher, | ūathmar an īarmēirge, ZCP viii 212.18 . is damna deōr | labra donn eōn gun īarmēirgi, ACL iii 234 § 6.

íarmi-fórat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarmi-fórat or dil.ie/27021
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: iarmonorat

v (? íarmi-fo-uss-reth or íarmi-uss-reth-, Ériu xxxix 111 ) follows (trans. and intrans.) : indic. pres. s. 3 fer diles indlius hi cairde berur a cetguin fri crich disiu iarmonorat fer aile tar crich another man follows him, ZCP xiii 25.3 . a mboí ic celébrad, iarmiforid (? leg. iarmifórthet) dá macc dia muintir, Trip.² 2375. Vn. íarmóracht, q.v.

líachtu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. líachtu or dil.ie/30114

 

Forms: líachtain

n n, f. (Lat. lectio). By-form 2 líacht, q.v. Later also líachtain (g s. -ana, -aine).

(a) passage, text, lesson, lection : tectaid in liachtu-sa cid etargnai moralla, PH 4599 . ro-scrib Matha in liachtain nóim-sea, 2984 . ro-scríb M. in liachtu noíb-sea, 4419 . coibnes na liachtan-sa, 4734 . etargna . . . na liachtana-so, 3448 . gebid side da liachtan dec dont soscela, Ériu v 32.4 . go cceilebhraidis náoi liachtana i bhFel S. Clára `they shall serue the feast of S. Clare with nine Lessons', RSClára 74 § 7 . is liachtain leasuighthe ar chiach do charadsa / an sian so leathas, Ó Bruad. iii 222.1 .

In phrases l.¤ apstal, l.¤ soscéli epistle, gospel of mass : liachtu apstal ┐ l.¤ sosceli, LB 251a37 . corice liachtain na n-apstal, 32 . Cf. coibnes na liach[t]aini noib, Rawl. B 512, 74b (Plummer MS. notes).

(b) act of reading; reading : liachtreoir . . . iarsani legas co toirithnigit a liactaine, Laws v 22.5 Comm . liachtain ┐ celebrad `lection' (reading?), Ériu iii 100.

Cf. lechtain.

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