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síthbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. síthbe or dil.ie/37737

 

Forms: sithbi n-anart, sibthib

n io, m. (earlier n.: n s. sithbi n-anart, SR 4284 ). By metath.: d p. sibthib, CRR 56 .

(a) a pole, shaft, rod or ridge; especially, a chariot pole: sibhe .i. slat, O'Curry 582 ( H 3.18, p. 289 ). gníthi on drumslait immach | sithbi n-anart n-ildathach, SR 4284 . carpat fidgrind . . . síthfe find forargit cret aurard drésachtach, LU 8634 ( FB 47 ). s.¤ find findairgit co fethaín findruine, 10215 (Tochm. Em.). sithbi in carpaid sechnach inn eich, IT ii2242.15 (sithue in charpuit sethnu ind eich, v.l.). tri meic Sídbi ┐ Cuingi (of three famous charioteers), LU 7595 . In a proverbial phr.: rop é in s.¤ óir dar in clar findruini síl Aeda Slani dar Bregmag, 4269 . bidh é in sithbe findbruine darsin clár ōir (of the river Boann), Anecd. ii 2.8 .

(b) a pin or brooch : sithbi isin brutt ósa brunni, LL 231a45 (TTr.).

(c) a ridge (of earth): sithbe .i. druim talman fota, Fél. 186.y , gloss on entry for Aug. 19 q.v., infra (e) (also glossed: .i. line na naem, Thr. Ir. Gl. 135 ). roinnfitir tria thomthaigi | sithbe na slébi slemun, SR 8214 . ? As n. loc.: Domhnall . . . do mharbhadh hi maidhm Sithbe lá a dherbrathair, AFM ii 894.12 (in ALC i 64.2 taken as adj. and translated `a memorable defeat', see below). for thócht sensaille co sīthfi dar a lār `a streak', MacCongl. 9.20 .

(d) by transf. a leader, a chieftain : Mochtae mór, maith sithbe, Fél. Aug. 19 . sithfi .i. taisech, ut est án cach slogh segar sithfí .i. is fir lium insaighidh do gach taoisech, O'Dav. 1485 . sithbhe .i. taisech, ut est focen mac Subaltaim sithbhe cruaidh catha, 1461 . sīthbe Cerbaill (cerbull, MS.) for a chūairt, | nībtar dermaill a dī dōit, Corm. Y 398 . ric in sithbi (.i. in toisech) sithlas mag, RC xx 144.23 = in sithbe (.i. in dúan) sitlas mag, LU 415 (ACC) (hence sithbhe .i. duan, O'Cl. ). s.¤ sigidi eich doríadat séotu, LU 9253 . for ar sithbe ba hecairc, ZCP viii 333.14 (Laud Gen.). sithbhe .i. taoiseach, O'Cl. Note also: mordehe sithbe sluagid allmure, ZCP viii 306.13 (Laud Gen., rhetoric).

(e) mistakenly taken as a compound of sith- and béo: sithbe .i. sithbeo, Lec. Gl. 135 . sithbhe .i. sithbeo .i. fota a clu, O'Dav. 1461 (gloss on: Mochta mor maith sithbhe, Fél. Aug. 19 .i. saeghal Mochta). sithbhe .i. sithbhéo .i. fod saoghail, O'Cl.