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ceithern

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceithern or dil.ie/8533

 

Forms: -nn, ceithrenn, -irne, c.

n ā f. Also -nn and later ceithrenn. Pl. also -irne. c.¤ (ceithreann, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 12 (61.z) . kern(e) (as collect.), band of fighting-men; band or collection of persons in general: cethern .i. coire aimite, unde dicitur cethernach.¤ Cethern didiu, cith cath ┐ orn orgain, Corm. Y 295 . cethirn comlain (dat. of accompaniment), SR 3538 . rom bía-sa cethern lib condeochaindsea do thabairt cobra dó desin, LU 5906 (TBC). ar cethernd aile quoth some others, (another? See below), 1909 . abaigh ceall go cethernaibh `soldiery', Ériu xviii 72 § 62 . undsea chethirn ṅ-gilla, TBC-LL¹ 5762 . comrac da ceithernn . . . Munter T. ┐ Mundter C., RC xviii 21.18 . iss é ra marb i[n] cethirnn mbric `the speckled kerne', Ann. Inisf. 1206.7 . ac biathadh mu ceitheirne, Acall. 524 . ar coimge don cethirn may the band (of saints) protect us, Gorm. May 27 . eccla ṡústa duirn dīabuil / cona c[h]eithirn guirm ghlóraigh, ACL iii 216.16 . ón cheithrinn chródha, Duan. F. ii xxxvi 2 . gidh bé ceithearna ad-chíthir, DDána 102.30 . ríoghdhacht chonnláin cheithirne, IGT Decl. ex. 589 . cethrinna ┐ macaimh . . . in bhaile, Smaointe B. Chr. 2965 . ceitheirne móra do shladaidhthib, SG 10.8 = turba latronum, V. SS. Hib. i 225 § 19 . sreith coinnmhedh ┐ ceitherna . . . do choscc `abolished the taxes of Coigny, Kernetty', AFM v 1686.3 (`Kernetty—this was a tax on every ploughland for the maintenance of the Lord's kerne', note. Separate derivative?).

With qual. gen.: ceithearn coilleadh clann Ádhuimh outlaw band, DDána 10.1 . ag caomhna na ceithirne coille ┐ na ndíbherccach, AFM v 1546.z . cethirna comlaind, TTebe 1477 . c.¤ congmhala an bhaile hired soldiers, AFM iii 558.9 . an macradh ina cethairn tigi domestic troop, SG 42.2 . ar son na cethernne timchill `bodyguard', BColm. 102.3 .

The singulative sense, well attested in the Engl. loanword (see N.E.D.) may occur in: is i cethern is dech la ri Temra . . . a gilla con, CF 73.25 ; cf. LU 1909 cited above and Meyer Contribb.

Compd. campa conghaireach ceithernlíonmhar, AFM vi 1884.8 .

díscir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díscir or dil.ie/16792

 

Forms: díscair, díscer, ro-discir

adj i. Occas. also díscair. Cf. díscer (subst.), TBC-I¹ 680 cited below.

(a) bold, fierce, wild; shameless: dasachtach, borb, d.¤ . . . alta fierce, rough, bold, mad, Eg. Gl. 216 , cf. 99 . d.¤, dóescair, dergnaide (of Lucifer), SR 948 . demon d.¤ , FA 30 . a dona deróil . . . d.¤ (to Satan), PH 3929 . badb discir dian, Cog. 174 . Of animals: cissí slabra in díscer-sa thall? (of deer), TBC-I¹ 680 = cochit na inili imda imdaiscaire (imdisgire S.), TBC-LL¹ 1317 . tucaitir dá óccdam disciri do chethrai Chonaill a F., = ii boues indomiti, Trip.² 2988 . fuaratar bás . . . ón muic dísgir, Fianaig. 54 . leomhan dísgir, Job x 16 . guth an leomhuin d.¤ , iv 10 . Of persons: cethernd discir, LL 29b42 . cain cach sái, discir cach dái every wise man is courteous, every dunce a bully, ACL iii 229 . diardain cach d.¤ , 228 . gach dona disgir daosgair, MS. Mat. 579 . nirbad roescaid ar nar bad discir forward, petulant, ill-bred, BB 65a29 . nir bat d.¤ dóichlech díummasach, LU 3467 . dronga dísgire deaghshluaigh, CRR p. 74 . Of actions: is mer, is dian, is discir . . . in tulscan trēnret[h]ae tuccsat, CCath. 5411 . nosnochtann . . . ger b'obair disccir deghmhná though 'twas a bold act for a virtuous woman, Leb. Gab.(i) 44 . Adv. tri heigme co ro-discir rodetla, Rawl. 87a48 .

(b) In connexion with derglomnocht, díscir orig. implies effrontery, but comes in time to be a mere expletive, the whole expression signifying merely utterly naked . deich mnaa ┐ secht fichit discir derglomnocht, TBC-LL¹ 1358 . fer d.¤ derglomnocht . . . gan nach n-arm gan nach n-etgud itir, 4243 . daeine dísgiri derglomnachta, Fianaig. 70 . rolēcsit uadaibh [e] discir derglomnocht, RC xiv 38 . foghbhaidh ┐ feannaidh nó go bhfágbhann dísgir dearg-lomnocht iad, TSh. 3674 . Likewise with díairm: ticc D. disccir diairm amach ar ionchaibh meic M. wholly unarmed , AFM v 1760 . roherailedh forra . . . tocht disccir diairm for eineach et ḟoesamh an Iustis, Hugh Roe 294 . Cf. further Laws v 134 : fer forindit caemdu .i. fer indisis a caemdu discir no derruit ar in mnai privacies (?). gur chruinnledar a éadach ina thimpchioll maccuaird gurba dísgair a dhaonnachd (= denocht) ┐ a íochtar óna chrios sís ris uncovered, bare , Eg. 154 p. 143 .

(c) mean, vile, insignificant (cf. discir .i. dis a cōir .i. beg, Corm. Y 455 ). fri persaind tróig ṅd.¤ nderóil mo shamla-su (in self-depreciation), MacCongl. 61 . go ttarla ogh doibh i reicles . . . ┐ lioss mbecc aca aga chlaidhe. —Dísccir hé, ol an ogh, cladhaidh an liss so as mō díbh that is a mean `liss', . . . dig this one which is the larger of the two (story of foundation of Lismore), BNnÉ 299 .