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1 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 a or dil.ie/2
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: á, á, á, a, á, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a

voc. part. leniting. In O.Ir. frequ. á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ). See GOI § 248 , Ériu ix 92, 85 . á fir, Wb. 10a10 . á dǽ, Ml. 119a13 . a phop[ui]l, Wb. 10c20 . á huili duini .i. a cach duini `O all man i.e. O every man' 1c8 . a chossa, 12a33 . a galatu burpu, 19b4 . a huili chenéla, Ml. 67b17 . a thvsv gl. o mea tu, Sg. 204b6 . a ch[l]éirchén chochlaich, AU i 224.1 (758) . a Chu Chulaind a cathbúadaig Breg, LU 8145 ( FB 11 ). a Fhroích, TBFr. 379 . a chliar sa, BNnÉ 288.7 . a dhuine, TSh. 164 . a dhreach dhonn, Aithd. D. 54.5 .

With intervening poss. adj.: a mo aine a mó chland, Sg. 204b2 . a mo phopa Láig, TBC-LL¹ 652 . ammo phopa Ḟingin, 4311 . In a few early exx. a is apparently omitted before mo, see ZCP xix 365 . a mo is not found in classical verse and the few late exx. found in translation literature may be due to English influence (but see Celtica xxiv 247 n. 42 ): a mo anoim, Desid. 2411 . a mo anuim, 2419 . a ar nAthair, Parrth. Anma 765 . a mo Ṡethracha, RSClára 47a .

ad-aig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-aig or dil.ie/259
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: a-tom-aig, a-tob-aich, a-tn-agat, adagar, adagatar, a-tn-aig, ad-aigtis, ad-n -agad, atagtha, a-tan-ebla, adeblad, adacht, adachtatár, atachtsat, adacht, adachta, at(n)aigid

v Usually given as compd. of aigid ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 451 ), but in conjunct position -aig only is found. Perh. orig. ad-aig, -aig, a verb of the type described GOI § 543 (a) (ro-cluinethar etc.). Hence ad-aig here with deut. forms only and without vn. In mid. Ir. very common with tautological inf. pron. 3 s.m. (atn-aig). See aigid.

Indic. pres. 3 s. a-tom-aig, Wb. 10d26 . a-tob-aich, 9c20 . 3 pl. a-tn-agat, TBFr. 273 . Pass. sg. adagar, BB 252b27 . Pl. adagatar, Críth G. 93 . Ipv. 2 s. a-tn-aig, TBC-I¹ 935 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. ad-aigtis, MR 256.24 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ad-n -agad, Laws v 466.5 . Pass. sg. atagtha, Ériu ii 122 § 63 . Fut. 3 s. a-tan-ebla, Sc.M² § 3 . 3 pl. adeblad, RC xxi 382.12 v.l. pret. 3 s. adacht, LL 4899 . 3 pl. adachtatár, LU 5344 . atachtsat, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.16 . Pass. sg. adacht, LL 13608 . Pl. adachta, Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). Later as simple vb. at(n)aigid.

(a) drives, impels to (DO): cid atobaig dó `what impels you to it?' Wb. 19d10 . is foirbthetu hirisse attotaig do neoch dogní `we know it is perfection of faith that impels thee to what thou doest', 6c16 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi dognethe frib `what impels you not to forgive every injury that may have been done to you?', 9c20 . dílmaine aisndísen atannaig[n]i do, Ml. 93d12 . ar is ainbfius ┐ seimple adidnuid do, Laws i 94.7 . adaig a mmairtorad do digh `the produce of the sea impels one to drink', Ériu xii 20 § 25 . atnaig G. dó assin tig G. drove him out of the house, LL 13590 . atnaig dó for teiched, 13610 . Of driving animals etc.: fer adaig secht mbu i tir a cheile, Laws iii 128.2 . fer idaig cethra . . . ina fér . . . amail bid a cethra fodesin adnagad ind, v 466.4 . at-nagar gamain istech die marbad, Ériu vii 198 § 6 . ad-nagar cæra histech, 199 § 7 = doberar, 6 §§ 6, 7 . atnaigset na huain . . . docum a mmaithrech, Lism. L. 86 . adnaig tar fot cruach i nardnimed `he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanctuary', Ériu xii 83.14 . adacht Laigniu he drove the Leinstermen before him, LL 4899 . a.¤ i tenid sets on fire : adachtatár in crích hi tenid, LU 5344 (TBC). Note also: atan-ebla i luim luaith who will reduce us to bare ashes, Sc.M² 3 . ? adadar (adagar v.l.) tene ind, Trip.² 605 . atasaigid hi tenid, Cymmr. xiv 114.13 .

(b) pushes, thrusts, places, puts: ataig in cendáil occo isin sudi faire he puts the head beside him, LU 9093 ( FB § 84 ). benais mír don staic . . . ┐ ataig . . . ina beol, MacCongl. 65.11 ( LB 217a28 ). atnaig in di oibill . . . isin tellach, adnaidh a formna re comlaidh in dorois, Aen. 2296 . roadnacht F. grainne n-oir fo slinnen [a maic], ZCP ii 134 § 4 (form influenced by ad-anaig). atnaig C. foí atherruch C. thrusts him under it again (of wrestling in water), LU 5232 (TBC) = TBC-I¹ 755 . ataig a bratt tairsiu a triur, IT ii2 210.65 . ce at agtha fo claideb `though they were put to the sword', Ériu ii 122 § 63 . atnaigh-sium a mher tharse plied his finger over it (of playing the harp), RC vi 183.15 . atagat láim tairsiu they ravage them LL 231b5 ( TTr. 1046 ). atagat . . . cath cróda they prosecute a valiant fight TFerbe 741 . atnaig a bendachtain for Jacob, LB 114a5 . a.¤ aithne (for) recognises: ad-n-aig Corpre Músc aithne conarb' é Mac Con 'Corpre Músc realized that it was not Mac Con', CMMucr. (CCA) 92 § 13 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair, IT i 126.9 .

(c) inflicts, imposes on (FOR): ataigh Midir . . . tri plagha foraibh, BB 390a39 . ataig cummasc . . . forsna slúagu `he caused the slaughter of the hosts', TTr.² 1480 . atachtsat (.i. tucsat) doeire forra, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.16 . atnagar rátha ┐ nadmand tenna . . . for muintir C. fria comall, MacCongl. 23.3 . ataigtis ratha airib / secht n-airig ata inir, LL 2596 . cach nidnacul .i. adanaig fair in flaith, O'Curry 830 (H 3.18, 380b). attaig Moysi forro in dam orda . . . do merliugud M. obliges them to destroy (?) the golden calf, BB 241a47 = atnaig, LB 120a37 . YBL 291a27 .

(d) proffers, gives: tescaid . . . in clérech a lúdain de ┐ atnaig don filid, Fél. 70.9 . ataig in poíc di ar dig, LL 4598 = dorat ind póice dí ar dig, Ériu iv 102.2 . adnaig side grád don gilla, RC v 200 § 15 . atnagar biad doib, MR 10.12 . ataig cuit cach trir, LU 1816 . atnagar cennacht macraidi Ulad do Choin Chulaind , LU 10494 . atnaghar doib Cú na cles `C. is surrendered to them', Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.22 . adnaigh .i. tabairt nó tidlacad ut est atnaigh uait surrender it, O'Dav. 131 . Of giving a blow: ataig taithbéim dia claidiub dóib, LU 3264 ( SCC § 6 ). atnaig T. bulli do, LL 329a7 .

(e) carries, brings: ataig C. lais ina fúair d'ór, TFerbe 745 . atnaig corp a athar leiss, LU 2796 . atnagad leo cen fhis they take him with them, YBL 139a45 .

(f) raises, puts forth (cry, shout): atreset iarsin ┐ dobérat (atbelat, adeblad, addeablatt v.l. ) an óengáir eisib, RC xxi 382.12 and n. andar lat batar fir betha adaigdis breisim foé Ériu xii 178 § 7 . atnagat a ṅgol, TBFr. 273 . ataig a díchelta ass he gives forth his secrets, LU 4457 . atnaig a gloim n-archon for aird, LL 12897 .

(g) a.¤ mnaí takes a wife (cf. do-beir m.): atnaigh mnai an Dunchada `he married the wife of D.', TFrag. 56.9 .

(h) undertakes, sets about, begins (with oc and vn.): atnagait (leg. ata-agat, Stories from Táin) . . . oc imtrascrad they set to wrestling, LU 5230 (TBC). atagat (atberat v.l. Ériu iv 102.41 ) ca rád ra Níall / dul don tiprait . . ., LL 4604 . attaig Isac ac lamachtad a láimí, BB 236b18 . atnaig oc blassachtaig `he began smacking his lips', MacCongl. 47.12 . Note also: atnaig in druí . . . for imthecht, Metr. Dinds. iv 60.29 . adnaig for iarraidh A `he went in search of A', Aen. 2656 .

(i) goes, proceeds: atnaig Ethne fades, LU 4465 . adnaig remib co Mag nGlass he sets out at their head to Mag nGlass, Ériu v 236.64 . atnaig E. i cocud crúaid `E. departs to stern strife', Metr. Dinds. iv 68.129 . adnaigh 'san imruagadh `he betook himself to flight', Aen. 2846 . atnaig and lá n-óen i m-boith aroli meic lēgind he goes into the cell of a certain student, MacCongl. 53.21 . atnagat uile inna agaid fadeoig, RC v 199 § 8 . atnagat (do chuiriter v.l.) nói do chauradaib ina dochum dia marbad, Otia ii 86 § 4 . atnaigim isin cuchtair, MacCongl. 91.17 . ataigimm isin tech mor, z 0 . Impers. atnagar hi cend breithi do breith they proceed to judge, 21.13 .

ainim(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainim(m) or dil.ie/1402
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: anaim(m), ainim, anim, animm, anaim, anim, anmain, anmuin, anme, anmae, animm, anim, anmin, anmain, anmin, anmana, anman, anmanaib, anam, anmain, anman, anmain, hanman, anman, anaim, anum, anuim

n f. Also anaim(m). See GOI 214 . In O. Ir. decl. fluctuates in sg. but is always that of an n-stem in pl. n s. ind ainim , Wb. 3d11 . Ml. 130c9 . anim, Wb. 16a21 . animm, 31b26 . anaim, Ml. 116b9 . a s. anim, Wb. 4a27 . anmain, 30a2 . anmuin, 31b12 . g s. inna anme , Wb. 25c26 . anmae, Fél. Ep. 117 . d s. animm, Wb. 4a27 . anim, 30c3 . anmin, 2c7 . anmain, Fél. Jan. 24 . n p. anmin, Wb. 8b3 . a p. anmana, Wb. 2b5 . g p. anman, Wb. 24d14 . d p. anmanaib, Wb. 24d13 .

Later also anam f. ( d s. and n p. anmain. g s. anman), IGT Decl. § 8 . m. and f. ( d s. and n p. anmain. g s. na hanman , an anman ), § 19.m. (g s. and n p. anaim), § 11 . anum m. (g s. and n p. anuim), § 17 .

(a) soul (as oppd. to corp body): issí ind ainim as airlam do chomalnad recto dé ní in corpp, Wb. 3d11 . corrop nóib for nanim in hómun dǽ, 16a21 . menme, corp, animm, imbráti, gnímæ, 31b26 . eterscértar a coirp et a n-anmin friu, 8b3 . beo a ainm i fos beo a anuaim (.i. a anim) thall `living his name here living his soul there', ACC 99 ( RC xx 274 ). treide na hanma .i. iracibilis ┐ concucibilis ┐ rationabilis , O'Curry 2226 ( Eg. 88 fo. 16(17)c ). in cuingid . . . do gní in ainim ic iarraidh gach raeta `enquiry which the mind makes', Laws i 36.8 Comm. ar tuaslucud anmæ brandaib `to obtain the release of the soul of Brandub', Mon. Tall. 133.29 (§ 18) . forith . . . ind soscele . . . inda hanmanna frisa tocbar `the gospel helps the souls of those towards whom it is lifted up', 162.9 (§ 85) . ainimme na noem gl. corda electorum, LB 67b38 . astoidet anmann inna noeb, Ériu ii 142 § 155 . mairg anmain nā faichledar / breisim lāi brātha brīgaig, iii 30 § 13 . bātar tra demain ┐ aingil ic imchosnum 'mon anum ō dos-carsat frisin corp hē, ACL iii 226.9 . comhrac éinfhir ní háil dí / 's an t-anam gan fhear páirte, Dán Dé xxii 27 . blodh do phéin an anaim, IGT Decl. ex. 720 . mo mhaitheas uile acht mh'ainim / a roinn is edh ordoighim, ex. 902 . gan deghain do ghrádh a ccorp nó a ccaomh-anmann, AFM vi 2172.24 . ar anmain for the sake of the soul of: dia thidnacul ar m'anmain do náemaib (of valuables), LU 9631 . duini is mo dobered d'etach ┐ d'innmus ar a anmain a nErind, RC xvii 407.22 (Tig.). udbuirt ar anmuin, Laws v 212.2 . tir atoiberar (sic leg.) do eclais ar anmuin, 314.17 . In phrase spirut anma see spirut II (a).

(b) life: i céin robói a anim and while he was alive, RC iii 181.34 . slán acht ní eple ainim de, Laws iii 448.y Comm. is é rocosain m'anam (sic MS.) dam `saved my life', ZCP vi 67.17 . roiar Sisian a anum don fomoir `asked him to spare the giant's life', 294.12 . robdar buidhigh do rochtain a n-anmann leó, AFM vi 1926.18 . an rígh do bheir párdún a anma dón bhraighe bhíos damanta, Eochairsg. 78.1 . tabhair ainim im eachaib give life to my horses, SG 26.34 . do cuireadh anum isin pobal (= populum animatum reddebam), ITS xix 28.24 . réod ar ndol a anma as `the frost has yielded its strength', KMMisc. 172 § 24 . nír chaith . . . ní ina raibhe spiorat no anam (i.e. he was a vegetarian), BNnÉ 74 § 133 . co n-anmain having life, alive: sétrad ngarit . . . ní fuil co n-anmain nach molta / romtha a rath there is nobody with a soul who would not be praised (by it), Thurn., Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 74 § 3 . M. . . . / macc a āisse as ḟerr co n-anmain, Bruchst. i 14 § 24 . atraig cach oen co anmain, SR 8250 . ge bé creidis co n-anmaín firmly(?), BB 36a7 . In phr. fo-ácaib cen anmain: goras-fhāgaibh gan anmain hé 'killed him', BDC 262.651 . foceird-sim ... urcur di sleigh fuirri ... corus farcaib cen anmain, RC v 200y . ro ghabsat leit do na ruamaib bátar ina lámaib ina chenn co fargsat cen anmain é, SG i 396.17 . In greeting or benediction: maith, a m'anum, a Chormaic, Acall. 3285 . See also Celtica iii 268 - 9 . tabair, a m'anam, a gilla, in ingin ut, 3330 . maith ám a m'anim, a Chathbad, LL 171a50 . m'anam-sa an bhuidhean nár fríth i gcruadhtan fann, Hackett v 1 . In formula used by vanquished in appealing for quarter: anmain i nanmain .i. anacal `life for life', Ériu xvi 38.1 and p. 41 note 6 . anmain i n-anmain a Chu Chulaind or se, LU 9123 ( FB 87 ). anmain a n-anmain, RC xi 450.123 . In association with enech, see 1 enech, ainech II (a). In sense of living creature, animal: is si a fochreicc anam cach dine no cach mil immidrēt cachala blīa[dain] an animal for every herd (price paid for use of path to drive stock through somebody else's land), Corm. Y 1082 .

In compds. anm-, see separate articles.

alla(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. alla(e) or dil.ie/2929

adv. (prep. al + suff. pron. 3 s. n., GOI § 825 ) yonder: al-fid .i. ala[i] ri (sic leg.) fid, Corm. Y 298 . ar n-glanad a claideam-tir doib allae `when they had cleared their sword-land yonder', Todd Nenn. lxxi 28 . co nnóebaib Alban alla (: clanna) (.i. fri muir anair), Thes. ii 306.3 (Hy. i). co fríth úath-blad alla (: glanda), Metr. Dinds. iv 198.48 . in cath alla cionn comair fris, TBC St. 4672 . Freq. in combinations with other advs. of place, with which it later forms compounds, see allaboss, allamaig, allanair, allanall, allandess, allaníar, allanís, allasíar, allastig, allathair, allathall, allathes, allathíar, allathís, allathúaid. Note also alla alla for Cu Chulaind cía fil alla?, LU 9090 .

aradnacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aradnacht or dil.ie/3940

n (aradu) charioteership: Lóeg . . . i n-a farradnacht ┐ Cu Chulaind i n-a erredacht, LU 9287 = ina aradacht , Anecd. iii 51.14 . rogab a fíanerred aradnachta immi, LU 6384 (TBC). bátár téora búada aradnachta forin n-araid, 6407 (ib.).

Cf. araidecht.

-arlebad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. -arlebad or dil.ie/4176

v comdas rala Coin Chulaind úad bar lár inn átha, mar bad é nacharlebad ríam itir, TBC-LL¹ 3801 ( LL 10757 ). Taken by Windisch as condit. 3 s. of ar-ling.

? até

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? até or dil.ie/4590

ind tadall latt a Chu C. Ni adliub ém ol Cu Chulaind. A.¤ in biad cu ol si. Diambad ḟulocht mór no beth and or si ro adelta, LL 13887 .

atúd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. atúd or dil.ie/4970

Forms: ataidi, (f)adádh, (f)adódh, (f)adúdh

n ? g s. ataidi, Laws iii 264.17 Comm. Vn. of ad-daí. (f)adádh, (f)adódh, (f)adúdh, IGT Verbs § 64 . act of kindling, lighting: oc a.¤ tened, BDD² 488 . tene do ḟatóg, Ériu iii 141.194 . ba hadud n-aird-grise fo fidnaig, Anecd. ii 48.y . ag fodógh ┐ ag fritheóladh na tinneadh sin riu, ZCP iv 422.13 . ar adhnudh ┐ ar fhadudh `kindled and set on fire', vi 26.11 . loscid in tene in crand úr / o fageib a ardda.¤ , LL 19321 . atá teine ar nach téid smál / i mbrugh ifrinn ar adádh, TSh. 6239 . adúdh .i. teine chreasa `a circle-fire', O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 651 .

Freq. in fig. sense of emotions, quarrels, etc.: ag fadádh is tigh fam thuinn / iomdha agra nach admhaim, Dán Dé iv 3 . fatud . . . deṡerce, Lism. L. 592 . lucht na himreasna d'ḟadúdh, TD 18.20 . fadódh fírḟeirge, 16.13 . adudh do chor i ccoiccill an choccaidh, AFM v 1792.17 . do ghnaoi a fionnmhaicne is fadógh `she is the renewal of her fair race's glory', Magauran 4176 . ? tidnucul atai in glefisa, Laws i 36.28 Comm. caindell atai in gléfisa, 29 Comm. glossing tidnacul cluaise diaraile (one of the ways of transmitting oral learning).

With FO: cuisle an gráidh ag fadódh faei, IGT Verbs ex. 529 . dfadógh fa shúilibh a ghlóire, Isaiah iii 8 (`to provoke the eyes of').

In proverbial sayings. Of a hopeless undertaking: tigedhas . . . gan mnáoi . . . as adudh re hénoires trying to light a fire with a single faggot, BS 36 (54.24) . ba hatod ri hoen-tenid, Metr. Dinds. iv 52.146 . Prob. also in: bid atōd fri hairis (Fer D. to Cú Chulaind) (or you will be an easy prey?), TBC-I¹ 2621 . ná séid aoibhil gan ḟadúdh = do not flog a dead horse, Content. xxii 27 . gríos is urusa d'fhadódh (: clódh), Studies 1924, 88 § 25 .

benaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benaid or dil.ie/5647
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: benim, benaim, benai, benith, benaid, bennaid, benid, bentai, -ben, benas, benait, -benat, -rubaim, benair, benar, -bentar, -benad, -bentais, ben, benad, benaidh, benat, benar, -bia, -ruba, -rubai, -bethir, -ruibther, betir, -rubad, -rubaitis, -rubdais, no-m-bethe, bīu, biëd, bíthus, bias, bifas, -biter, bethir, -bífad, -bífed, mbíthe, beo, bii, b, bissis, bisius, bië, -beotur, -rubha, -ruba, -rubai, -rubi, rodmbi, ros-bae, robéotar, robeotar, robeobdar, -rubatar, -rubhradar, bíth, -rrubad, bíthi, bitha, -bítha, ro-bīthe, bethi

v See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 369 , 461 , GOI §§ 551 , 654 , 691 (a) , KZ xlvii 159. Indic. pres. 1 s. benim, Thes. ii 42.7 . benaim, LU 6170. 2 s. benai, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. benith, Thes. ii 250.11 , benaid, Ml. 46d4 , LU 6206 , bennaid, 5213 . benid, TBC-I¹ 397 , bentai, 1201 (with suff. pron.). bentus, Airne F. 2.17 . -ben, 424 , Blathm. 98 § 26. Rel. benas, Corm. Y 1235 , Críth G. 556 , TBC-I¹ 3605. 3 pl. benait, Fél. Jan. 31 , June 30 , -benat, MU² 544. With ro-: 1 s. -rubaim, LU 6230. Pass. sg. benair, Ériu ix 47 § 19. Rel. benar, Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). 3 pl. -bentar, Ml. 91b3 . Indic. impf. 3 s. -benad, LU 9137 ( FB 88 ), 3 pl. -bentais, TBC-I¹ 30. Ipv. 2 s. ben, TBC-I¹ 3593. 3 s. benad, Wb. 20c8 . 2 pl. benaidh, Ériu ii 120 § 58. 3 pl. benat, TBC-LL¹ 5834. Pass. sg. benar, Ml. 93d16 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. -bia, Laws iv 124.10 . With ro-: 2 s. -ruba, TBC-I¹ 1596. -rubai, Críth G. 581. Pass. 3 s. -bethir, Ml. 36a5 . -ruibther, CRR 54. 3 pl. betir, Ml. 54a17 . Subj. impf. (with ro-) 3 s. -rubad, TBC-I¹ 2769. 3 pl. (?) -robeotais, Cymmr. xiv 118 § 19 ( Rawl. 132b35 ). -rubaitis, TBC-I¹ 806 , -rubdais, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.24 . Pass. sg. no-m-bethe, Ml. 39a19 .

Fut. 1 s. bīu, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. biëd, Celtica xxi 200.6 . bíthus (with suff. pron.), LU 10481. Rel. s. bias, TBC-LL¹ 3453. With -f-: bifas, Rawl. 132b36 . Pass. pl. -biter, Anecd. i 44.4 . Rel. s. bethir, Blathm. 957 . Condit. 3 s. no bīad, TBC-I¹ 2942. -bífad, SR 5812 , -bífed, TBC-LL¹ 744. Pass. s. no mbíthe (nom bithe, MS.), Blathm. 506.

Pret. and perf. 1 s. beo, TFrag. 108.6 = AFM i 302.9 . 3 s. bii (disyll.), Blathm. 98 § 25. b, LU 1750 (ICM). -bí (= -bai, TBC-I¹ 696 ), LU 5176. Note also (with suffix. pronoun and intrusive -s-) bissis, RC xii 68 § 34 , bisius ib. Rel. s. bië (disyll.), Blathm. 279. 3 pl. -beotur, Corm. Y 698 (59.5) = -beodutar, Corm. 24 (gaire). With ro-: 1 s. -rubha, AFM i 242.9 (= RC xvii 177.2 ), 2 s. -ruba, Wb. 13d25 . 3 s. ro bi, Rawl. 88a30 , -rubai, LU 5334 , -rubi, BDD² 187 , rodmbi, Laws iv 176.26 . ros-bae, CRR 56. 3 pl. robéotar, LU 5110 (= TBC-I¹ 625 ). robeotar (beóatar, robeobdar, ro hortsat, v.ll.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.3 . -rubatar, TBFr. 60 , BDD² 695. Note also: go n-da-rubdatar, TBC-LL¹ 4384 (see Ériu xiv 118.1 ). -rubhradar, ZCP i 464.29 . Pass. sg. bíth, Metr. Dinds. iii 94.23 . ro bíth, RC xxiii 308.33 . -rrubad (sic leg.), Fianaig. 10.21 . pl. bíthi (bithi, MS.), Blathm. 203. bitha, RC xxiii 308.33 , -bítha, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 52. ro bitha, Ml. 100b2 , TBC-I¹ 1373. ro-bīthe, ZCP xi 62.4 .

Part. see bíthe. vbl. of necess. bethi, Ml. 114c12 . Vn. see béim, bíth. Later with stem ben-, boin- (cf. boingid), bain- throughout (with ā-subj., f- future and s- pret.). See rubaid.

I

(a) beats, strikes: in O. Ir. gl. pinso, Thes. ii 42.7 , perculsus, Ml. 45d6 , pulsat, 46d4 , iecta, 123c17 . beanaim .i. buailim, O'Cl. b.¤ in t-aingel in sruth co fleisc, LU 2117 ( FA 18 ). bi ind ala slabrad suil ind rig, Ériu iii 136.2 . co mbensom dia durnn inna ētan, TBC-I¹ 423. fer benas dam óenbéimmim who fells an ox with one blow, Críth G. 556. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb, TBC-I¹ 1201. b.¤ in talum o chois deis he strikes the ground with his right foot, PH 1337. benith galar (a charm), Thes. ii 250.11 . araile fer . . . robenad on crithgalur was stricken by, Lat. Lives 98 § 93. benfat na demna o phianaib examla me, PH 2231. (of a head of hair) b.¤ braine a dá imdae it strikes against (i.e. touches) the edge of his hips, BDD² 963. drud rú asa mbearna bheanaid `whose gap they strike at' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 859. an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a clár dod chumhochtaibh `strike up . . . the scale weighted with my sins' (?), Dán Dé xxii 12 . Transfd. casts (a shadow): co mbentais foscod i medōn a dā gruaide (eyelashes), TBC-I¹ 30. reaches: benaidh immorro inis Breatan seach hErinn saerthuaid co cian (`extends', Todd Nenn. 31.2 ), BB 203b40 .

Of hand-clappers, bells strikes, rings: ben do chlocc, Trip.² 1370. clocán bind / benar i noidchi gaithe that is struck, IT iii 16 § 40 . benais Sencha bascrand, MU² 923. robenadur na cluic `sounded', ZCP vi 285.1 . benait cluig ┐ ceōlāin . . . uaidhip fēin `the bells and chimes . . . of themselves rang', Fl. Earls 52.2 . In phr. b.¤ (cloc) FOR (? AR), see II infra.

Strikes (fire), lights: co bethir gl. inuratur, Ml. 36a5 . roben in tenid Chascae = incendit ignem, Lat. Lives 5 § 4. do benusa teine ┐ doronus a fadodh, BNnÉ 69 § 114 .

Note also: F. féigbind ro ben bríg mbreth who passed weighty judgments (Thurn.), ZCP x 271.4 . With galar: benaim galar `I slay the disease´ Celtica xxv 252 . benim a galar, Thes. ii 249.7 . benith galar, 250.11 . See also 1 fris-ben.

(b) hews, cuts down, off: bíi Ququlaind a dī ord lāma ┐ a dī ortt coisse, ZCP viii 120.21 . bennaid Cu Chulaind omnae, LU 5213. do benuit leō roga ro-chleth . . . ┐ mīne mōirf[h]eda, ML² 1064. benat scíathu let them slash shields, TBC-LL¹ 5834. (of breaching, knocking down a wall) dia robenad in t-ochtmad múr, PH 8014.

(c) slays; wounds: beosa L. an[d] do chailg, TFrag. 108.6 (= AFM i 302.9 ). ra mbeótar i n-ecomlond, LU 6680 (= TBC-I¹ 2138 ). intī bifas nō genfas (sic) nech do slōg araile . . . arthús, Rawl. 132b36 . nad ro marb in bech rodmbi (glossed: ro gonastar e, 178.7 Comm. ) `the bee which stung him', Laws iv 176.26 . Eoin . . . do thriall tar sáil / is mó bhíth mé is do ghríos mé ná is mian do rádh `what has wounded me more sorely', O'Gr. Cat. 581.10.

(d) Of crops cuts, reaps; gathers: (of Adam) co n-aireadh ┐ co mbenadh gan allus, BB 16b2 ( ITS xxxiv 58.15 ). benaid in gort uile `they reap the whole field', Ériu v 116.14 . glenn . . . ina mbenaid dáoine ímforcraidh spísraid, Maund. 54. an chnú ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 . luibh leighis re báidh beanais with love (for us) He plucked a healing herb, DDána 48.1 . (of turf-cutting) mani bentar hi ina haimsir coir, Laws i 132.7 Comm.

(e) incises, engraves: ise in luathrindi sin robenadh i sciath C. that is the `luathrindi' (lit. ash-point) that was cut in the shield of C., Ériu v 72.23 . (of drawing Ogam characters) no da mbentar uile, LL 5338 ( Auraic. 5449. )

(f) takes (away), carries off: bensat giallu iar congail, RC xvii 145.14 . Of tax, tribute, etc. exacts, levies: mili dam mili bo benaim `I exact', 49.9 .

II With follg. adv. do ben a claidheamh amach drew his sword, ITS xix 44.4 . lér bhain sé a fhlaitheas . . . amach arís `recovered', Keat. ii 1089. do benadh luirech an ridire sin amuig `was captured', L. Chl. S. 38. do bean Úa B. . . an gealladh . . . ar aiss retracted, Expugn. Hib. 69. do benatar ar lár laim ris `they fell to the ground', BCC 132.

With prepp. With A takes from: in pars benar a hichtur in lithe `the particle that is cut off', Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). ercōit benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308.z. is tu rogab misi . . . ┐ roben fhuasgailt asum `got ransom from me', ZCP vi 285.8 . (of a rescue from a castle) go mbendaís an tiarla as d'áis no d'eiccen, AFM vi 2172.25 . do bheanadar as . . . they inferred that . . ., PublicRecords Appendix 40.22 . eunuchi . . . .i. na daoine as a mbeantur, 23 K 42, 94.18 . na h-ainmhíntidhe a mbaintear asta which are gelded, Corp. Astron. 90.21 . as e as adbur as a mbainter na catraca `that is the material from which cities . . . are formed', Ir. Astr. Tr. 36.7 . do benadh comnuidhe asainne forsan muir we were stayed, BNnÉ 7 § 22 . robenus lēim luthmur . . . as mo sdét made my steed leap, ZCP vi 65.9 . beantur fiuchad as `bring it (i.e. milk) to the boil', Rosa Angl. 94.2 . b.¤ custam as levies toll on: bentor custam as a n-eachroidh in gach baile dip, Fl. Earls 86.1 . b.¤ greim a see greimm. ? gan mo bhac, a Dhé, i ndeacraibh / ná beantair lat é as m'olcaibh, DDána 61.6 .

With DE takes from: robenaitt a lama ┐ a cosa donti dorone were cut off, Ann. Conn. 1224.3 . benuis screapall beg . . . de `broke off', Fl. Earls 34.17 . dobenadh a ceimniughudh de the power of walking was taken from him, Aisl. Tond. 107.3 . Of covering, clothing, etc. ben a erriud ┐ a étgud de take off his equipment and his clothing, TBC-LL¹ 4061. bensat a chroicend de `stripped his skin from him', PH 2146. bean an dá bhliadhain déag . . . do na hocht gcéad déag bliadhan úd `deduct . . . from', Keat. ii 1160. do ben minna da ṡíair fa marbad uile `he made his sister swear that she would kill them all', Maund. 82. go mbeanfaidhear cúntas 'na smuaintighthibh dhe an account of his thoughts will be demanded of him, TSh. 7304.

Various phrases. b.¤ céill, súil de, see cíall, súil. b.¤ cert de, see cert. do bhean Ír díobh . . . tosach `outstripped [them],' Content. xxx 4 ; cf. ag béin túsa d'íbh Táil, IGT Introd. § 38. ris an mbréig níor bhean dá mhóid he did not break his vow (?), A. Ó Dálaigh l 31.

With DO: lucht an bheatha dá mbeanfadh on whom it would fall (i.e. a deluge of rain), DDána 75.22 . do ben escor don nech the person fell, BCC 452.27 . do bhain a mhaoith (sic MS.) do gach fior affected everyone, Ériu i 98.32 . ro bhen a droch-dhiach dhó oir fuair a righedh ar carr `his evil destiny awaited him', AFM v 1818.12 . ní bhean th'aigneadh d'Eóghan thy opinion did not effect E. (i.e. E. was not of thy mind), Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 5 . dom anmain is eadh bheanas / an mac do bhí i mbraighdeanas the child . . . is my soul, DDána 7.21 . gidh cúich mé, a bhean, beanfad daoibh / madh áil leat leannán macaoimh I shall be yours, 67.14 . Caiter ḟíona .i. an chailleach dhubh do ben dó who adhered to him, Ó Héodhusa 42.8 . ní bheanann dúinn trāchdadh orra annso it is not our business to . . ., Mac Aingil 2586 . ní bheanand doibh offic Chriosd do ghabhail chuca `they have no right to', Carswell 225.

With FO: b.¤ foo (in ras. H) attacks them, LU 4874. bean far dtoirmisg-ne far dtoil try to prevent us from achieving our wish, DDána 95. 24 . má bheanann faoi ag mionsmuaineadh . . . ar na neithibh si if he happens to be thinking, Mac Aingil 360 .

With FOR (AR): forom-sa co m-benfat a n-osnaid ┐ a mmallachtain it is at me their sighs . . . will be directed, TBC-LL¹ 197. benais Medb béim n-aisce fair reproached him, 472 . benfait Ulaid form do lecud th'oenur sin cocrích, 1176 . ní bheanfa aimhleas no olc / ormsa inghean Con Connocht `Cú Ch.'s daughter will not charge me with hurt or harm' (?) Studies 1921, 589 § 8 . ro ben cotlud na haidhchi forro deprived them of, CCath. 2439. ni bhenabh sa a chuid don tsaogal fair, BNnÉ 182.15 . ar neach do bhean a mbúaludh / uabhur h'each mear dhā mūnadh `the mettlesomeness of your swift steeds . . . deprived a person of (the need of) beating them' (Notes), O'R. Poems 2535. nā benaidh amhiris for Dia imm immut a mirbhol do not visit God with disbelief (?), Ériu ii 120 § 58. b.¤ (cloc) for (? ar) lit. rings (a bell) against, hence excommunicates: gabais salmmu escaine foraib . . . B. a chlocc foraib, Trip.² 1303. cor benadh an Bernān Ciarāin (i.e. the saint's bell) fair, RC xvii 383.11 . benait co mBríg . . . / barr find for slúag enair they, together with . . . B., bring the host of January to a good end, Fél. Jan. 31. See 1 glas.

With FRI (LA): traig . . . isī benas fri lār touches the ground, Corm. Y 1235. is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic MS.) ilbeim friss gl. lapidem offensionis et petram scandali, Wb. 4d15 . fuair fearthain . . . / nochar bhean re brat an naoimh, Dán Dé iv 22 . in Brug risa mbenand tond, Ériu vii 219 § 6. ? co Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben, iv 154.2 (see F 428.56). benum . . . frisna catrachaib filet fri toeb mara let us visit, LB 142a29 . acht co mbeantai (toccaibti, v.l.) mur friu `if only a wall were set up against them', Ériu viii 179.9 . inud in ro ben in nathair fris 'the place where the serpent had stung him', ITS xxxv 34 § 119 . Fig. touches, affects; is concerned with, meddles with: benad fria chubus fessin gl. opus suum probet unusquisque, Wb. 20c8 . benaidh rind labhairt ar aesaib(h) an domhain, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.7 . ná bean ris, Proverbs xx.19. Ronán . . . / Colman fria mbaig benaim `whom I entreat for their blessing', Gorm. Aug. 18 (? modelled on late Lat. use of pulsare in sense of rogo, see Du Cange s.v. 1 pulsare ). ara mbaig fris mbenab, Nov. 4. gach ní dar bhean le Tepoitt `all the possessions of T.', AFM vi 2146.19 . an té do-ní adhaltrannas . . nō bheanas ré mnaoi neamhpósda, Parrth. Anma 2495.

With I: b.¤ side sleg n-ind, LU 1522. suil beanfuighthear innte = before it be meddled with, Proverbs xvii 14.

with ó forms, derives from (gramm.): cia an t-éntuillréim dég iollraidh ó nach beantur samhlughadh amhuil, IGT Introd. § 2. ? aer o bard benar, Laws v 228.28 .

braise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. braise or dil.ie/6516

n , f. (bras)

(a) daring, boldness (in favourable and unfavourable sense); quickness; nimbleness: co ṁbraissi, Fél.² June 19 .i. co slatra no co solam, xcvii 19 = bras[e] .i. slatratu nó calma . . . fia sluaighedh co mbraisi `with bold- ness', O'Dav. 263. b.¤ gl. lasciuia, Ir. Gl. 36. cen bráth mb.¤ `no sudden destruction', Metr. Dinds. iii 452.15 . déine buirbe is b.¤ violence, cruelty and intemperate haste (?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 55.39 . ann adbeba co mb.¤ then she died suddenly, Metr. Dinds. iii 58.3 . (rhet.) gai bolcai ┐ bai brasi (feats of Cú Chulaind), LU 8443 ( FB 30 ). ? noco mor a ghere / noc dene for b.¤ , IT iii 90 § 120.

(b) vaunting, boasting, boastfulness: níbu ádas far mbraisse (mbresi, TBC-I¹ 824 ) it wasn't in accordance with your boasting, LU 5301. ni di braisse ni di baithe / bec tasse na Tuathe, LL 1305 = Leb. Gab.(i) 176.15 . gan bhréic mbraissi, SG 21.37 . adeirim rib cen brassi, LB 96 marg. inf. As quasi-vn. robui ac braisi ┐ ac bocasaich uasa cind (i.e. over a prostrate opponent), TTebe 2569 . See bél compds.

búafad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búafad or dil.ie/7214
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: buaitriu, buaithbiu, buaitre, buaidfi

n o and u, m. act of boasting, vaunting (?): scel cen buafad (: Tuathal), LL 4993. a Medb co mét ṁbuafaid, 10136 (`great in boastfulness', TBC-LL² 2695 ). [f]eile brig buafad is blad, Ériu viii 69.71 (buanfad, v.l.). Cu Chulaind caraid buafad LL 14489 . sell fri buaibthiu bladmara `to glorious deeds of pride' (?), Metr. Dinds. ii 32.90 (buaidhthiu, buaitriu, buaithbiu, buaitre, buaidfi, v.ll.). for tuaith Bolc buaibthe barand (.i. buadaigthe), LL 1196 ; see Leb. Gab.(i) 154 n.6 . buafadh .i. bagarthach, O'Cl. Note also: buafadh .i. neimh. as uaidhe sin adeirthear Aonghas gai buaifeach, O'Cl. (see búaibthech). an rí 's a rígan . . . / ic baeis dōib ann, ic búaphud / fo inc[h]lid, BColm. 88.21 .

búaidre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búaidre or dil.ie/7227

n [, f.] (búaidir) confusion, distraction, disturbance: baile is búadre, LL 10455 (TBC). a brath ┐ a buadri ┐ a buadirsi (of Cú Chulaind), 8291 (TBC). L. . . . / cen buadre tri chóic bliadan, 15110 (`without molestation', MacCarthy 194 § 5 ). a B. ataí for buadre, 12944 (`in confusion', RC xiv 426 § 45 ). buaidre céille / ciall ar esbaid, SG 385.38 . fatha mb.¤ , BS 30.22 . búais cen b.¤ `untroubled', Metr. Dinds. iii 288.38 .

bun(n)sach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bun(n)sach or dil.ie/7464

Forms: bon(n)sach, bunsaig, bonnsach

n ā, f. (`seems founded on Icel. vöndr, Eng. wand', Stokes, Eg. Gl. p. 179. ). Later bon(n)sach. rod, stick, staff: dá bunsaig . . . bunsaig (a s.) co rrúsc dub . . . bunsaig snaisi gil . . . na bunsacha a stick with black bark . . . one pared down to the white, LU 1734 ff . (ICM). feib bith bundsacha tria curcais (of spears in warrior's body), BB 437b30 . bunnsacha breacca `rods', Celtica iv 10.62 ( Gen. xxx 37 ). do bhein chasnaighe do bhun bonnsaighe ` wattle ', AFM iv 900.13 . bunnsach no ech-lasc switch gl. luitheach laime (sic leg.), Laws v 484.17 Comm. Perh. also in: tres bundsach gl. i fubtud cach omnaig, Laws i 178.1 Comm. im chumluth ngus candail (leg. nguscandail ?) .i. tres bundsach, O'D. 79 (H. 3.17, 68).

In Laws Comm. in phr. b.¤ chomairce `a rod of safe conduct, given to ollavs to ensure their safe passage through different territories,' Plummer MS. notes. ollum .i. . . . is oll in ni didnes a bundsach comairci dar na tuataibh, v 28.14 , see 30.10 , 14 . is a comgrádh dlighis cach . . . do gabail for a comairce, ┐ curab co nuiriasacht ┐ toircsin cirt, muna[b] bunnsach coimirce, O'Curry 2626 ( Eg. 88, 53 ( 54c )). is[í] in bunnsach comairce, .i. comairce gin biatha ┐ gin uiriasacht, 2627 (ibid.). bundsach comairce tar na tuatha gin uiriasacht . . . gin tomhailt mbidh, gin taircsin dlighe, 2628 (ibid.). dá cét isin bunnsaigh [comairce] cen eiriasacht, cen egairdeis, O'D. 979 (H. 3.17, 778). Cf. teora bunsacha uasaib hi fraig (of poets), LU 7665 ( BDD 124 ).

Freq. toy or boy's spear or javelin as oppd. to weapons used by adults: urcor flescaig, is eiside macc bundsaige ` spear-youth ', Laws iv 138.16 . mac bondsaide . . . .i. mac dana indenma bonnsach isin aeis sin, O'Curry 241 (H. 3.18, 135) = 559 (277). Perh. also: in bunnsach i nairecht. Masa cinnte leis co roisi tairsib is fiach fian cluithi, O'Curry 2381 ( Eg. 88, 29b ) ( Celtica viii 150 ). a scíath slissen laiss ┐ a bunsach (youthful Cú Chulaind), LU 4868. focherded a bunsach ríam, 4869 . focheird a bunsaig rout n-aurchora úad, LL 33139 ( Fraech 47 ). nabad scarad mac ṁbec im bunsachaib baísi that it would be no child's-play, LL 32783 ( TTr. 1995 ). cor cluiche nó bunnsaige (forbidden on Sunday), Ériu ii 206 § 25. do thréig bonnsacha bláithe / ar ruaidhshleaghaibh rionnáithe, DDána 105.3 . birán bunsaigi baisi oppd. to airm croda chura[da], TTebe 3213 . ag lámhach bonnsach (in list of youthful games), TSh. 524. Note also: bonnsach `a Dart Javelin ', Eg. Gl. 88. do chaith Saul an bhunnsach, 1 Sam. xviii 11. nochan fuaratur bir na bundsach isin tsligid-sin met with no opposition at all, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 .

Other applications: for bunnsachaib na gréne = radiis (Gloss.), Lat. Lives 82.x = for[s]na goa greine, Vita Br. 54. ic buadnaisi a bunnsachaib a briathar `to threaten with the scourges of his words', MR 168.5 . dá bhonnsaigh `two spindle- shanks', Ó Bruad. i 76.z .

céile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céile or dil.ie/8452
Last Revised: 2013

n io, m. See Zimmer, KZ xxx 35 - 43 . Except somet. in legal sense (d) usually with prec. possess. or follg. gen. and tending to function as a pronoun rather than as an ordinary noun. The main meanings as noun are client and fellow , the term always implying a relationship. It is doubtful (see Zimmer) whether this was originally one of inferiority or one of equality.

(a) servant, bondsman, vassal, subject : `ceile' as ainm do gach oglách, Metr. Gl. 28 § 45 . c.¤ .i. óglach, O'Cl. húasal-athraig, cliatha fáithi, / do Chríst cíaptar céli, Fél. Ep. 14 ( ceile .i. cara, O'Dav. 438 ). á Chríst dianda chéle, 307 . imcomairc . . . do Láeg cia díambo chéli, LU 5598 . céli in báis .i. ar n-oirchindech (of the devil), PH 2046 . diamba chéle Maic Maire if thou be a vassal of Mary's Son, Ériu i 200. 3 .

(b) In phr. c.¤ Dé = eccles. Lat. servus Dei ( Thes. ii 265.5 from Ardm. 11ra ). Cf. is cele dǽ infer hisin, Ml. 30c3 . Freq. as name of member of a class of religious distinguished by special observances and practices, appar. of a stricter nature than those of others. Hence Engl. Culdee , in pl. also Keledei, Colidei . The precise connotation of the term is uncertain. See Reeves (W.), The Culdees of the British Islands, Dublin 1864 ( Trans. RIA xxiv ), Stokes, Fél. Introd. xxvii f. ; Mon. Tall. 122 - 3 , Rule of Tall. ainmne ilao ┐ in naidchi ni longe colonge celede remut no fer fa sruithiu, Reeves Culdees 145 (Life of S. Findan). lasna celiu dé, Mon. Tall. 142.26 . Óengus céle Dé, SR 8009 (see Introd. i, Fél. Introd. xxvii , Murphy Lyrics 188 and note). In follg. perh. monk, religious in general: tailcid dail dun, a cheliu de (sic leg.), Vita Br. 37 (of lepers. `O ye clients of God', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 131 ). forórcóngart for céli nDé día muintir (of Patrick), Trip.² 2325 . ní damsa a Gúaire for in céli Dé, LU 9660 . cunice aníu . . . nirom comhairmeadh-sa . . . etir celiuda Dé ┐ bhochta ┐ lobhrai, Lism. L. 1584 . a sruithe ┐ a céledha Dé friars (of a monastery), Hugh Roe² 32.25 . cind chéledh nde Cluana mic Nois, AFM ii 1040.7 . In transl. text of Indian Brahmans (see Reeves Culdees ix): nī do aittrebtaidib an betha frecnairc duinni . . . acht as celi De atancomnaic, Anecd. v 5. 18 (Alex.).

(c) Hence in nn. pr. of clerics: Céle Críst, Fél. Mar. 3 . Cele Dulaisi, AFM i 348.15 . Cele íosa, 422.6 . See Reeves Culdees 4 .

(d) Legal of the recipient of a fief (repaid in kind) from the `flaith' (lord), liege, vassal . See Críth G. p. 80 (`client', Vocab.). flaith ┐ a ceile, Laws v 480.14 . i taurchreicc c.¤ , Críth G. 252 . aire désa . . . deich céli leis, 330 . céle cháich i gcomhair a choimdhedha, Ériu xiii 20.2 ( .i. gilla, O'Dav. 387 ). tigernbhard as tigernasidhe cona dhibh célibh décc lais, 42.15 . ceili fuisidni . . . fosesedar flaith hi celi ┐ amos do, O'Curry 888 ( H 3.18, 396b ) (hence owing military service?). ní do-beir flaith dia chéliu, Ériu xvii 66 § 7 . iar n-airitin tra sét ar bes n-aircenda onaib ceilib dona flathib is ainm aigille donaib célib, Corm. 5 . céili drochluige `clients of (a lord of) bad oaths', Blathm. 256 . See doír, fáes(s)am, faísitiu, gíallnae, saer.

(e) fellow, companion (like the feudal Lat. comes, Irish Kings and High-Kings 28 ), ` opposite number', other one, neighbour (in N.T. sense): huadsom dia cheliu `from himself to his fellow', Ml. 59a15 . digail duthabairt forru amal aceliu `like their fellows', 80d4 . andugniat ar céli, Wb. 10c21 . mad cumme imned ácheli et aimned fessin, gl. alter alterius etc., 20c6 . nadecad indán doradad dó fessin acht dán ácheli gl. aliorum, 23c16 . foditiu fochide duib-si . . . gním pectho do bar célib `fellows', 25d8 . arnaérbarthar frinn anasrobrad friarceiliu `to our fellows', 33b16 . condernain hicutrummus frimcheliu that I should do as the others do, PCr. 2a2 . fer tailge a ceathra a n-athbothar a ceile `neighbour', Laws v 464.7 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine, Mon. Tall. 162.30 . gessa Lóch . . . amal a chéliu the others (i.e. those who had already been persuaded to fight Cú Chulaind), LU 6104 . luid . . . i ndegaid a cheli (i.e. Cú Chulainn after Lóegaire and Conall), 8828 ( FB 62 ). a chéli the other, MU² 999 (LU). a chéli . . . immuich, 977 . to-fil far céliu chucaib your adversaries, 968 . scorit a nneocho oc commor māna ┐ aba allandeas ūas dūn a chēle above the fort of the others, TBC-I¹ 630 (with fixed sg. masc. possess., see Stories fr. Táin Vocab. s.v. céile and (i) below). doneoch ro cachnutar a ceile reimib `predecessors', Laws i 24.7 Comm. ciped chia díb nomarbtha artús adigail diacheiliu, RC iii 183.8 . do badh é a ch.¤ c.¤ cleath Dor match, DDána 85.34 . amail a cceliu `like the rest', Hugh Roe² 190.2 . Rarely of things: in lomrad tar héisi a chéli a shearing for a shearing, ZCP viii 311.31 . docurethar in lia forru anair ┐ a chéli aníar ara cend another from the west, TBC-I¹ 1416 .

(f) With qual. gen.: do dhá ch.¤ cláir, DDána 91.39 expld. as `dhá chlár chosmhail', Vocab. c.¤ comairce naoimh `an attendant guardian saint', Keat. iii 1785 . ar a ch.¤ comhaoise his coeval, TSh. 2256 . ré a ch.¤ chomhloinn `opponent', TD 10.4 . ceile connmala an comtruim (panegyric of a chieftain), ZCP ii 349.31 . do nós mhná re a c.¤ cuil `her unlawful mate', TD 1.56 . fad ch.¤ cumuinn `thy lover', O'Hara 3216 . c.¤ sealga, IGT Decl. ex. 1104 .

(g) husband : amal tiagtae mná hua célib cofiru aili, Ml. 125a2 . céle más gl. maritus, Sg. 60a3 . céle ingine gl. generi, 100a6 . cen athcomarcc dia celiu without her husband's permission, Laws v 384.5 . a inchaib maic no chéli, Críth G. 484 . mac mná nad festar céle, Imr. Brain 26 . nīcon tērglansam-ni céli diar n-ingin, Fing. R. 391 . ni fhaienn cele la hingin dibh, Marco P. 102 .

(h) Rarely wife : bás a chlainne sa ch.¤ , Arch. Hib. i 98 § VIII . bai dh'imad cheiledh lais, Marco P. 156 .

(i) With more specifically pronominal force ( one , etc. . . .) the other : íroimed cách achéele per caritatem gl. suscipite uos inuicem, Wb. 6d4 . na tiubrad cách achéle gl. nolite frudare inuicem, 9d20 . ni derban cách a chele `neither hinders the other', Thes. ii 294 § 7 . co 'mmáromarba cách díb a chéli, LU 8085 ( FB 6 ). ag ár ┐ oirlech aroile ┐ a cheile, L. Chl. S. 18 . inber bud domni a cheili the deepest estuaries, CRR 25 ( LL 23010 ). nībo mōo in band oldās a chēle, TBC-I¹ 517 . With prec. prep. ascoir dochách guide dée liachéle `on behalf of the other', Wb. 7a13 . ainmne dochach fri[a] ch.¤ gl. supportantes inuicem, 27b17 . oc imchossnam techta ar thossaig cách ríana chéli, LU 8261 ( FB 20 ). do neoch díb sech a chéli, 9170 ( 90 ). ní cúis do dhul fá ch.¤ no reason to attack one another, Content. xviii 5 . noch dhlighid uile dha chéle `which they al ought to haue togeather', RSClára 134a . dealuighidh . . . ó ch.¤ = separateth, Proverbs xvi 28 . ubullchless án (= ón) méor co a chéli from one finger to the other, MU² 648 . ón chluais go ch.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1376 . da gach cill ina cele, RC xiv 36 § 29 . 'gá cur don glún 'na chéle, CF² 540 . iiii la co ceile onwards, RC xlix 52 § 20 .

(j) In adverbial phrases. i ndáil a chéle towards each other Ériu xv 72 (78a) . i ndegaid, tar éis a ch.¤ one after the other, successively, gradually : i ndeguid a chele, Laws ii 84.2 Comm. a ndiaig a ch.¤ , Párl. na mB. 1591 . a bhfuair mé / d'easláinte d'éis a ch.¤ , Dán Dé xiii 3 . tar eis a ceile gradually , Rosa Angl. 10.3 . ar lorg a cheile in unbroken continuity (of the Faith), Luc. Fid. 5861 . le ch.¤ together, altogether, completely : le ch.¤ gur chaitheas m'aimsir, DDána 26.33 . doconncatar re céle sin `they both saw it', ZCP iv 324 ( BCC 102 ). fuairsead lé ch.¤ a g-crádh leam, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380.7 . le ch.¤ is an chroch together with, DDána 21.16 . Cf. 99.21 . an t-anam araon / le ch.¤ is an chalann, Dán Dé ix 15 . cuirid 'na ch.¤ puts together, mends , etc.: an síodh cuirthior 'n-a ch.¤ a patched up peace, O'Hara 1279 . a chur ina ceile to put it together again (a broken sword), Grail 4045 . is amlaid cuirther cach ana chéli d'foghlachaib na h-aimsire `thus are the different divisions of time proportioned to each other', MR 108.7 . gan dá chonnsuine ar bioth do chur na ch.¤ d'ogham acht a ccurp comhfhocuil amháin that no two consonants should be assimilated to each other, IGT Introd. 3.3 . Note also: an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna ch.¤ to mix, TSh. 174 . ? suirghe do-chóidh 'n-a ch.¤ , DDána 40.25 . ó 'dchonnairc L. na catha ar ndul trí n-a ch.¤ saw the battalions become entangled, Ériu i 88 § 34 . in sluagh do dhul trid a cheile, AU iii 610.11 . as a ch.¤ asunder , TSh. 5696 .

1 cerd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cerd or dil.ie/8753

Forms: ceard, cearda, cerd, ceirde, ceird, ceirde, cearda, cearda, cearda, cherda, cerda, cerda(e), cearda, cerdda, cerdai, cerda, cherdu, d'órcheardai, cerdada, cert

n ā, f. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 159 f. In sense (a) ceard (ón duine), m. g s. cearda, IGT Decl. § 95 . In sense (b) cerd (ón cheird) f. g s. ceirde, § 39 ; ceird f. g s. ceirde, cearda, § 43 . Cf. also g s. na cearda , Laws v 104.19 Comm. in cearda , 106.1 Comm. . iii 192.8 Comm. in cherda , IT iii 60 § 120 (na cerda , v.l.). Also cerda(e): n s. cearda, Corp. Gen. 219.37 (cerd, v.l.). cerdda, Cymmr. xiv 130.9 . in cerdai , ZCP iii 222.10 (cerd, v.l.). d s. cerda, Laws v 114.18 . do cherdu , LL 25486 (: dú). ? d'órcheardai, Leb. Cert.² 2187 . Cf. n pl. cerdada, Bodl. Dinds. 3 .

(a) craftsman, artisan (most freq. of a gold- and silver-smith): cert qui idula aere faciebat gl. Alaxander (aerrarius), Wb. 30d21 . inna cerdae `of the potter', Ml. 18a12 . roth cruind forsa ndenat na cerda in lestrai, b4 . in sét arggait nád chombaig / in ch.¤ , Thes. ii 346.4 ( Hy. v 77 ). lasin cerddai (ceirdai, v.l.) gl. lasin ceird, 33 (79 Comm.). aided con na cerda inso la Coin Culaind, LU 4971 . Cauland cerdd, 4975 (TBC). ó Choin cherda Conchobair (i.e.Chulaind), 3573 ( SCC 29 ). do Choin na Cerdda, LL 20187 . cerdda ┐ círmaire, LU 2217 . cuislennach, c.¤, gobha, Ériu xiii 23.2 . cerda . . . ┐ aes caca dana olcena, Laws v 90.20 ( cerda .i. imrid in t-or, 25 Comm. ). is diles in tor ┐ in tairget ┐ in tuma a cerdcha in goband ┐ noco diles i cerdcha in cerda, uair aithne indeithbir hé i cerdcha in gobann, ┐ nocon edh a cerdcha in cerda, iii 192.6 , 8 Comm. c.¤ gl. figulus, Ir. Gl. 508 . D. . . . gaba . . . ┐ ceard ┐ scribnid togaide . . . is he . . . daroine .ccc. clog ┐ .ccc. bacall ┐ .ccc. soscelai, Fél. cxxxi.x. mac na cerdda cosin céir, LL 18785 . I. ainm na cerda ro berb in n-ór, 2024 . cathbarr B. . . . c.¤ Ó. . . . dorigne, Airne F. 97 . dugnith dno C. c.¤ na semonn, RC xii 94 § 122 . do-ratsat in argat-sin for tír cherda potter's field, PH 3241 . mac cerdai nó fir fogní nách aicdi éicin di ór nó argad, FDG² 867 . leag a hoirthior na hInnia, / . . . / niamhthar le ceard gcineolta that is polished by a native craftsman, Aithd. D. 16.47 . céard copair, 2 Timothy iv 14 . ceard na críadh, Romans ix 21 . do chérd an óir, Mac Aingil 1139 . Fig. P. is ceard don chlúi-sin `P. who is the artificer of that fame', O'R. Poems 298 . lé cérduibh an chlaoinchreidimh (sc. the founders of Protestantism), Mac Aingil 4170 .

C.¤ na cruinne (na ndúl, etc.) God : c.¤ na cruinne, BNnÉ 196 § 22 . mo chobhair ar Cheird na ndúl!, Dánta Gr. 65.19 . ceard na n-uile, DDána 27a.16 .

Applied to poets: in c.¤ mac ūi Dulsaine, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 93.25; cf. 92.y). ni c.¤ gan bunadus tothachta, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). Cf. c.¤ cen tothacht .i. cin foghluim ndligi[d], O'Dav. 1568 .

In n. pr. m. Robartach mac Mic na Cerda, CS 164.20 . C.¤ m. Cerdda Bice, Corp. Gen. 219.27 .

(b) handicraft, art, skill, accomplishment, feat; hence occupation, office, way of life, practice, characteristic behaviour : mu menma céin im saincheirdd, Thes. ii 293.15 . cōrus a cherdæ (of a poet), Corm. Y 276 . tarchomlad cach óes dána . . . cor tasfen cách a ch.¤ fíad Patraic, LU 9773 . ar lín a ch.¤ he is so accomplished, 8316 (rhet.). asa cheird cumachtaig (.i. a cumachta a chleirchecta dognidsom sein, 740 ( ACC 42 ). indearbh cach i cceird aroile, Ériu xiii 20.16 . imdhínsiomh ceirte insult to one's art(?), 25.6 . fornesa ceard neicse donessa cerd niumuis, 56 § 32 (cf. O'Dav. 861 ). fristoing cerd cainti `he renounces the satirist's art', O'Dav. 872 . 869 . oca oileamhain hi cerdaibh clothamræ .i. āine, alaidhe ┐ erlabhra, etc., ZCP xiv 219.11 . fó mo ch.¤ láechdachta, LU 6169 (TBC). ac óenmummib daronsat ceird gnimrada gaile ┐ gascid, LL 10052 . aided Gríse co ceird chrúi `skilled in bloody arts', Metr. Dinds. iii 134.19 . ceird chrúi .i. ceird imdheargtha no ceird bhásaighthe, O'Cl. iarn[a] trascrad trienar c.¤-ne `by our craft', RC xii 90 § 109 . cach dan dognīat lāmhae is c.¤ dongairther, O'Mulc. 222 . rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird `their skill' (in music and dancing), Ériu iv 174 § 9 . mairg thréicios cléirchecht ar cheird / do cherdaib in domnáin deirg, SG 51.y . lucht na ceirde cedna (sc. building), Stair Erc. 1626 . gion gur cheárrd mná an nídh sin, Oss. iii 136.19 . seachnaidh cionta ón cheird do-ní `avoids faults by her manner of life', Magauran 1516 . nach roibhi . . . aenc.¤ rob annsa les nā fiadhach, ZCP vi 53.x . cusin ceird n-inglain n-eillnighthi ro herailedh forro .i. comrucc a lanamhnus fri aroile, Grail 3059 . an ceard do-roighne Ruaidhrí what R. has done, DDána 76.4 . ní ceard duit déanamh míoghaoil `it is not for Thee to be false to Thy kin-duty', Aithd. D. 71.31 . ceird ríoghna `a queen's part', A. Ó Dálaigh vii 6 . tús cerdi do Ch. i.e. C. was entitled to receive a poet's first composition after he had finished his schooling, LB 238cb56 . Concr.: cathaīr ingnathaig forsa raibi imarcaid sairsi ┐ c.¤ n-eladnach embellishment, Grail 1663 . Freq. of magical practices: no gniad druidechta ┐ certa commain, LU 9007 ( FB 75 , H). See commann for cerddib suíthe gentliucta, LL 1051 . ceird thosaigh .i. ceird dhraoidheachda, O'Cl. See toṡúgad.

Attrib. g s. fear cerda, ma fithír, ní ba raith feilmic mana biatha `a man of art, if a professor, cannot be surety for a pupil, unless he has fed him', Laws iv 236.15 . fer certa fri molad ┐ air, i 18.7 Comm. óes cherdd, Críth G. 281 . cléir aesa ceirdd, Trip.² 2382 (= praecones, 2385 ; dona druthaib, 2395 ) = cliar aesa dana, Lat. Lives 55.12 . don luchd céirde, Acts xix 24 . lucht ceirde na cathrach tradesmen, Fl. Earls 98.y .

? rop tānaisi triūin crepscuil / c.¤ promtha Petair apstail, Corm. Y 325 .

1 ces

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ces or dil.ie/8814

Forms: ceiss, ces(s), ceis, chiss, ces(s)a

n debility, state of inertia; sickness (see Ó Broin, Éigse xii 109 ). ? n s. ceiss, Metr. Dinds. iii 382.23 . a d s. ces(s), less freq. ceis. a s. chiss, RC xiii 7.14 . g s. and n a p. ces(s)a. (In etymol. gl.) na n-eiges .i. na nai gan ches .i. na bhfiled, Auraic. 2264 . ar conscescing in cess for intí nod goin, LU 4960 . cess ┐ cotlud inna soilse ┐ inna torudh `the trance', Ériu ii 98 § 2 . inmain tríar na tarraill cess, LL 38777 . ar iss é focren cach ceas `for 'tis He who rewards every affliction', BColm. 98.29 . rí nimhe cabhrus cach c.¤ , SG 29.20 . i mian ceasa `consumed with wasting desire', O'Hara 3265 . dos-cuiredar i cess ┐ suan `they fall into sadness and sleep', Ériu ii 112 § 35 . flaith nime ┐ aingil fos-cichred i cess connach taidbsitis in nach airm, 142 § 152 . dobeir na catha i cess `which brings debility on hosts', ix 50 § 37 . condomdersaig as mo chess / erchor maic C. eíces `from my lethargy', RC xiii 466.1 . i gceas, Keat. Poems 539 . dom chor i gceas, TSh. 7603 . gel a sethna[ch] fairc fo cess / imman fethlach fithrech mairc, O'Mulc. 595 . nīs coirset cesa, ZCP viii 110.28 . bídh [in muir] a súan ┐ a ceas Dé domnaigh ┐ ní gluaisinn gáeth, RC xxiv 373.20 . atorcradar sochaidi díbh annsin i cessaibh ┐ i crólighibh ┐ i crislaighibh a long fein, CCath. 1999 . ? is Cú Chulaind mo chéle ní cú ches, LU 8336 . d'arconaib ces nad chel / tairr la tír i tairthither, LL 1765 . giaras facaib Cú gan chess, 8233 .

Freq. of the noínden of the Ulaid in TBC, etc., see noínden, oítiu and Ó Broin, Éigse x 286 . Note further: intan do fil Ultu asa c.¤ chucut, LU 6204 . slúaig Ulad . . . iar cur a cessa díb, LL 14097 . bátar Ulaid 'na ceis, RC xv 465.12 . assa cessaib, LU 5621 . Fig. beid san chríchse i gceas naoidhean `in weakness of travail', TD 20.27 . Of hair: ealta chuach i gceas naoidhean in soft curls, Dánta Gr. 17.2 .

With qual. gen. dos-curidar i cess marbhdhatad ind aimsir gaimrid `a trance of deadness', Ériu ii 128 § 91 . cess chinn, BColm. 22.20 . i gceas dimbhríogha, DDána 79.30 . ód cheas cumadh, Measgra D. 60.21 . i gceas imshníomha, 56.64 . fā cheas bróin, O'R. Poems 2893 . In chevilles: moid can c.¤ an effective vow, BNnÉ 256 § 214 . fosfúair is tulaig cen cheas / i farrad Meda anoirr deas, Ériu iv 158.3 . gan cheis, Duan. F. ii 242 § 11 . cen cesa, Reeves Ad. 286.15 . cen chessa, Auraic. 2225 .

claideb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. claideb or dil.ie/9324
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: -ib, -bi, claidib, cloidib, claidbi, claidhmhe, cloidmi, -me, cloidhemh, cloideb, claidem, cloideam

n o, m. but n pl. -ib and -bi. See Ériu xxii 192 . Exx. claidib, Ml. 77a1 . LU 8185 . MU² 592 . cloidib, BDD² 748 . claidbi, MU² 610 . claidhmhe, Ériu xiii 35.6 . cloidmi, -me, BB 271a47 . TTebe 1473 , PH 8111 . cloidhemh m., IGT Decl. § 53 . Also cloideb, claidem. (slashing) sword : cloideam gl. gladius, Ir. Gl. 461 . in c.¤ sin (ref. to gladium spiritus), Wb. 22d20 . faibur .i. c.¤ gl. machera, Ml. 75b11 . a nnunda-comart a ch.¤ `when Hiss word slew them', 36d9 . donfair co claidiub thened, Thes. ii 348.6 ( Hy. v 91 ). fuil fir tarcai a c.¤ for nech `who draws his sword', Laws v 362.y . las tarda fo glas claidhebh, Blathm. 80 (fo glaschlaidiub, ed.). de gail claidib Góli, Fél. Ep. 484 . coro [ṡ]ecsat a lláma imma claidbiu, Trip.² 1239 . a arm laích . . . .i. a c.¤ , LU 8875 ( FB 67 ). dogní claidiub craind isind fid, 5417 (TBC). c.¤ russi roindes crú, 3826 ( SCC 37 ). cobur fola fora claediub, 8338 ( FB 24 , rhet.). feib ra-chualatar cocetul claidib C[h]onaill, CRR 46.2 . domraiched craum c.¤ choilles toind, LL 12210 (TBC). fer find . . . ic fáebarchless ch.¤ úastu, MU² 541 . roberr māil fair cosin chloduib `cropped his hair with his sword', Ériu ii 22 § 3 . gurbo fuighell gae ┐ claidim d'Eōgan hé (of Conn who had been grievously wounded by Éogan), ML² 1921 . Michael . . . ┐ a cloidem derg tenntige i n-a láim, PH 7281 . is o chloidem atbéla ┐ is cloidem cúis a n-oideda, 3119 . co mbenad déiss (sic leg.) a chloidib fria muinél na déisi, Mer. Uil. 244 . do thréig camána ar chloidhmhibh, DDána 105.3 . ro gabh orlaimh cloidhim an Rígh chuga (of a new Lord Deputy entering upon his office), Hugh Roe² 146.23 . Cf. AFM vi 2020.2 . a chloidheamh nochtuighthe aige ag iarraidh síothchána ar Dhia (i.e. in threatening fashion), Párl. na mB. 821 . In epithet: Labraid Lúath / lam ar c.¤ , LU 3383 ( SCC 17 ). Referred to by n.pr.: mo chen Caladbolg c.¤ Leite, LL 12217 (TBC). nochtais [Cu Chulaind] in Cruadín Catutchend .i. a ch.¤ , 12720 . Used in swearing or binding to a contract: dothoṅgusa tar mo scíath ┐ tar mo ch.¤ , TBFr. 184 . nenaisg mac ḟior Fíothla im chloidheamh go mbriocht baoí ina laimh, Ériu xiii 34.17 . dosrat fo chlaidiub diglá, SR 4148 .

do-beir fo gin claidib puts to the sword, slays : téit fo gin claidib dies by the sword : dosbér fo gin claidib, Trip.² 1922 . rar-berthar uile fa gin gae ┐ chlaidib, TBC-LL¹ 2973 . Cf. also: doratsat fo gein cloidem ┐ gae a daine, Anecd. iii 68.1 . Cf. Éire do chur fa ghion gai ┐ claidhimh, Keat. i 128.7 . dochotar fo gin claideib, SR 5068 . conna térna ass acht a ndechuid do rind gai ┐ do gin chlaidib i.e. all died by the sword, IT i 76.10 ( LMU 15 ). co na dechadar acht a ndeachaid to rind gai ┐ do gin claidibh, Anecd. i 2.4 . See SCano 20 n.

Other figurative applications: in da míol . . . ┐ imus-tuairgdis co ticdis a claidib teniud asa mbeluib connici neolu nimi, IT iii 237.77 (perh. in sense of beam or ray of flame). claidebh na laimi in slindean shoulder-blade, Auraic. 1426 . lé cloidheamh an chraois, TSh. 2465 . gur chuir Dia cloidheamh an inneachaidh 'na thruaill taisgeadha, 5408 . go sgarthar a fhuil ┐ a fheoil-sin ó chéile re cloidheamh na mbriathar, Donlevy 422.9 . is claideb for sinistar (lux) a kenning or prov.(?), O'Mulc. 761 .

(b) tusk : re glondbeimnig a claideam no a clomair (of a boar), TTebe 872 .

For meaning beam see s.vv. cor(r)thar, garman, 1 táth.

Compds. droṅg claidebbemnech, LL 343a28 . fri cath croda claidebderg, SR 4982 . tūs cach catha cloideamgairg, ZCP viii 231 § 25 . curaid chroda claidebglais, Ériu viii 70.86 . ríoghradh chalma cloidheamhghlas, Aithd. D. 16.40 . co nniurt curad claidebruad, SR 5734 . iar ṅgless le claidemscin 'after arranging [the book] with a swordlike knife' Ériu xxvi 116-17 . rind Orioin claideabhthaircetaigh `swordgirt Orion', CCath. 1037 .

cleittíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cleittíne or dil.ie/9431

Forms: cleittín

n io, m. (cleitte). Later also cleittín. Small light javelin, dart (usually of one of Cú Chulainn's weapons); dagger(?): do chuingid in cletine .i. gai Con Culaind, LU 5805 (TBC). imráidset iarom nípád ansu Cu Chulaind acht tuctha a cletíne airi, 5802 . focheird . . . in cletine dó co lluid triana chend, 5809 . airm i n-arrasar a n-uma don cletiniu, 5812 . immárubartsa in clétine / gai bolgae do léir, 9447 . .ix. cletíne clis, LU 8566 = cleitin, IT i 274 § 42 v.l. claidhemh, cletine, cathbharr, Ériu xiii 30.16 . gebid a chlettini diburgthi, LL 8319 (TBC). no thelged a chlettin, 8323 . a arm chletin, TBC-LL¹ p. 273 n.3 . d'iarraidh in chletin chleasa fair, n.5 . a chletín curad, Anecd. i 37 § 99 . cletine .i. lethfaobrach .i. claidhmíne no bedh fri cnis fri hairlech, dorn ann, nó dorn co n-airtem a dagger, O'Dav. 568 . Cú an chleitín, DDána 117.32 . In rhetorics: cumall (.i. cu) curson (.i. saoi) clettine, KZ xxxiii 82.7 . cairptine cleitīniu clār clē, Ériu i 116.11 . ar cletīnib cīanaib, 25 . cain sug set gai in cleitīne cain, 118.17 .

cles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cles or dil.ie/9440

Forms: clius, -cliss, cleas, -a, cleasana

n u and o, n. and m. n s. (d s. ?) clius, Thes. ii 293.19 . a s. -cliss, LU 9105 , 9121 . cleas (g s. -a) m., IGT Decl. § 95 ( 127. 13 ). n p. cleasana, Eochairsg. 87.37 .

(a) feat; in pl. or collective sense, repertory or performance of feats (used particularly of the martial feats taught to Cú Chulainn and Fer Díad by Scáthach: see Heldensage 220 etc.): turim na cless inso sís. In t-ubullchless ┐ faeborcless ┐ fáencless ┐ cless cletenach . . . , LU 5969 ff. , 9288 ff., 10341 ff. bla clesamnaig c.¤ .i. slan donti eamnas na gō clis innairdi, no na hubla clis innairdi. Masa clesa neamaicbeile iat, Laws iii 284.19 ff. (i.e. the juggler is immune from payment for injury inflicted provided his feats are not dangerous ones). dirósced Cu Ch. diib uile ocon cliss ar áne ┐ athlaime, LU 10147 . bale i rrabe oc na clessaib, 8568 ( FB 43 ). ferr cach c.¤ cotlud, 8467 ( 32 ). conid c.¤ ┐ cluchi lim comrac fri óenfer, 8469 ( 32 ). nocon imberasom for Ultu a c.¤ sin dorísse, 5136 (TBC). fer rosasad . . . a cruth. a chumachta. a crúas. a chless, 4845 (TBC). luid do foglaim gaiscid ┐ chless la Scáthaig, 4835 (TBC). co cliuss nonbair for cach rind, 4848 (TBC). gora chloesetar a n-ilchless arda (sic leg. ?) ra tilib . . . na scíath cliss, 10537 - 8 . fobíth do deligthi ruind oc na clessaib cluchi (the boy-troop to Cú Chulaind), TBC-LL¹ 1140 . a ṅgaisceda tuc o Scáthaig Buanand, . . . cless Caitt ┐ cless Cuair ┐ ubullchless . . . , LL 12543 . firfaid findchlesa fri h-ultu errudu, YBL 181a6 . múin na huile chleasa dhó acht cleas an ghá builg amhain, RC xxix 136 § 52 . roimir c.¤ carpait furru con torchradar ua chosaib na n-ech, TTebe 2908 . cleasa ceoil feats of music, Aithd. D. 9.9 . d'eachaibh cuanna ar n-a gcaischleas `deft-stepping', Magauran 834 .

Cú na c.¤ sobriquet of Cú Chulainn: a Chú na cless cain, TBC-LL¹ 3952 . do Choin na c.¤ , MR 206.3 .

(b) Used also of weapons, instruments, etc. with which the feats were performed: carpat . . . co mórsaide do chlessaib cliss gascid, LL 13903 . ised is clesa aicbeili ann, cach c.¤ ara mbia rind no faebur, Laws iii 284.26 Comm. is annsin do cuireddar a clesa gaile ┐ gaisgidh a lamhaibh a ngilla, RC xi 30.6 (TBC).

(c) stratagem, proceeding; trick, wile : bái ac tur fhesa thall na thaigh / d'iarraidh chlesa dá chabhair, SG 28.z . do Mhlaise gan ceilg gan chleas, 21.y . ar cleasaibh na colla / dom chealccadh ón crábhadh, ZCP x 347 § 3 . do dhealbh . . . is cleas doiligh / fairge `hard the task', Dán Dé xxxi 5 . ní thuigid cách cleasa an domhain, 23 . guais liom lá na coinne / is cleas fán cóir dulann / do theach d'iadhadh oram 'tis a thing to provide against, viii 9 . adhlaicthear thú . . . / i n-uaigh chumhaing—cleas nar dhú (cheville), iii 26 . tre ríoghain na ccleas ccruthach `graceful-mannered', O'Hara 3278 . ar lorg an chleasa chéadna imitating the same proceeding, DDána 88.19 . an dream d'á ndeárnadh Hanon cleasana (referring to contumelious treatment of David's messengers by Hanon, 2 Kings ix 4 ), Eochairsg. 87.37 . Of magical feats, shape-shifting, etc. Forgull Monach . . . mon .i. cleas, ar [ba] fer cumachtach eissium, co téighedh a n-ilrechtaibh, Cóir Anm. 205 .

Attrib. g s. clis: .ix. n-ubla clis ┐ .ix. cletíne clis ┐ ix. scena clis, LU 8565 - 6 ( FB 42 ). a ocht scíathu cliss, 6430 (TBC). focheird chaer cliss ar chonair `a cunning ball', Metr. Dinds. iii 94.19 . is amhlaidh théid S. d'agallmha na ndee, ┐ clíabh clis fuithe magic(?), RC xxix 132 § 47 . imfuirmed a carpad clis itir a dā lāim, Ériu i 114 § 2 (`his palate-feat'). ba geis don lon chalma chlis `valourous', A. Ó Dálaigh lv 19 . an fhoireann chlis-se treacherous(?), cunning(?), Keat. Poems 1369 . For deil chlis, gábait clis see 2 deil, gábait.

Compds. With noun. re cles-fhaebraib Conain, MR 250.19 . With adj. in carpatsin cona chreit . . . chlesaird i.e. of a height suitable for the occupant to perform feats(?), TBC-I¹ 1970 . With adj. derived from noun. da chodnach cleas-armacha, MR 272.1 . cath-cuingid . . . cles-armach, 224.21 . an dias chrithreacha chleasneimhneacha of deadly feats, Cath MT 276 .

clesamnacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clesamnacht or dil.ie/9447

n [ā, f.] (clesamain) performance of feats; juggling : búaid clessamnachta (one of Cú C.'s qualities), LU 10154 . is Conall ar choscar é. Is Cú Chulaind ar chlessamnacht, CRR 27 . a cētla, a clesamnact juggling, Ériu iv 163.12 .

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