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? 2 ais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 ais or dil.ie/2467

 

n see Vendr. Lex.: a.¤ .i. abann, ut dixit in file: Mac Conaing cosnamh fris / ni a.¤ tenid na midhnais / cene snigess snechta finn / fidba for lind latha lais, O'Mulc. 110 (= H 3.18, 75a18 ). See ad-ais.

bág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bág or dil.ie/5152
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -aib

n ā, f. Perh. not orig. distinct from báid, q.v. for reff. to IGT Decl.; ascription of certain exx. doubtful.

(a) boast, threat, promise, undertaking, declaration: bagh .i. geall—ut est do bert . . . bagha . . . for sluaigeadh, Thr. Ir. Gl. 58 s.v. barr. baghi (sic). .i. gnim [ut est] baghas ar mbagha finda, O'Dav. 324. bagh .i. briathar, O'Cl. bag ┐ maidhem a threat (to inflict an injury) and a boasting (of injury inflicted), O'Curry 2422 ( Eg. 88, 33b ). bagh .i. ria ndenam chinaidh .i. an bagh re séd sundradach a specific threat (?), ibid. Cf. 2571 . Cf. maidhem iar ndenam cina, 2424 (33c). faisneis fir iar mbagha esamna .i. iar mbagha dó do dén olc frit ┐ adeir go lasamail, do den olc. Ocus is de ata, `ni bera fiacha fear bagha lasaman,' 2595 (50e). rom-ṡóerae, á Íssu,/ ar écnairc do báge, Fél. Ep. 490 (: pláge). ar na ructha do bag it cend that your boasting might not be turned against you, LU 8990. ar ngníma ropsat mára/ar mbága rapsat beca, Ériu i 72 § 4 ( LL 29430 ). ro bruiset baig ┐ brethir i cend demuin, LL 364 marg. sup. na briss brethir [na briss] baíg, TBC-LL¹ 3509. eipstil co mbágaib ┐ tómthaib ┐ ironaib innti, Alex. 782. Cf. PH 1131. borrfad is báig, SG 65.13 . cidat mora bar mbága frimsa . . . ni chumaic nech uaib ni dam, LB 115a32 . nó maided for hUltaib. . . . Nī collad bāg hi suidiu (i.e. the undertaking was fulfilled), ZCP viii 319.8 (Laud Gen.). ní ba bréc in bágh it will be no idle boast, SG 88.2 . do regra na bagi sin to answer that challenge, Cog. 74.23 . cend mic Conaing ina láimh, / do bháigh for ionchaibh mic Taidhg, AFM i 504.z (`to exhibit it before the face of'). anat for mbriatra bági boastful words, LU 8425 ( FB 29 , rhet.). ? sgiath an bhádha mar do bhual, Aithd. D. 63.23 (`the shield of His love'). ? ba b.¤ ám dait-siu ga (= cía) dobertha do greimm catha gan díchill lind i[n]diu (Medb to Fergus), TBC-LL¹ 5942 = ba coir duit-si, TBC St. 4812. ba bāg dōibsom an toitim oc tesorcain a n-eiti, TBC-I¹ 3435. Cf. ba slúagad baga (buadha, v.l.) dó in sluagad a hosting in fulfilment of an undertaking, TBC-LL¹ 463.

As vn. E. oc báig mo marbtha frim threatening to kill me, RC xiii 377.10 . inn ingen asatái oc báig boasting , TBC-LL¹ 3497. do chualaigh . . . na fineadha ag báidh dá bhuandhíochur threatening to expel him, ML 80.22 . bátar occ báigh ┐ acc baccar dul do indradh Tíre Conaill, AFM v 1812.4 .

(b) fight, contest, striving; act of contending, etc.: comrama et baga Poil `P.'s conflicts and battles' gl. bonum certamen certaui, cursum consummaui, Wb. 30d12 . bid adas far mbáich, 5d35 (`proportionate to your struggle', GOI § 249.5 ). a sgel nglan / di bagaib Dhe `contests', Blathm. 93. rugais mac friom baigh to contend on my behalf (?), 156 (`of whom I vaunt'). robūi oc bāid fri Conchobar, Ériu ii 26 § 7. fri báig is búnad prímda `for battle he is a pre-eminent stock', Thes. ii 295.14 . ciṅg báge, Fél. July 24 . bagh .i. cath, O'Cl. ni comtig beó da mbágaib, TBC-LL¹ 4390. nonbur 'sa mb.¤ ri Bregmag, Metr. Dinds. iv 340.6 . oen tarb . . . rempu / . . . / oca mbáig ar búaraib defending (?), 70.27 . fri (= frim, TBC-I¹ 1212 ) baga berai fri náimtiu ascada cen claideb fa allud, LU 5686 (rhet.). a cléth bága fría naimtiu, TTr.² 1621. fer bagha ┐ buancosanta Lethi Cuind, RC xviii 285.6 (Tig.). ar bid tresi ar mbagi anāit baga Foraind, BB 240a18 . buadugad cacha bágha, MR 258.23 . déd ban ┐ bel corcra / dán trén bágh an banntrochta, Prolegomena 45 § 25 . báigh 'na n-aighidh to fight them, Aithd. D. 33.16 . gabhaidh báigh gach aoinfhear undertakes battle (?), 38.23 . i nDruim Ríg . . ./ luid b.¤ for macc nDomnaill the fight went against, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 13. is maith chosnaidh a Briain do báidh, Cog. 78.5 . Cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 111.3 . Aithd. D. 39.6 . báidh d'eas nó d'aol do d'fhaoilinn / red chnes chaoilshlim competes (in whiteness) with (the foam of) the waterfall, L. Cl. A. B. 216.35 . iarna luathletradh . . . do bagaid (leg. -aib) bidbad, ZCP xxx 69.1368 ( LL 408az ).

lá bága day of battle; a day's fighting: sind ló baga sa, TBC-LL¹ 444. as usa limsa aisg d'fulang na gan cungnam le mo cairdib is in lo bágha sa aniu, MR 284.23 . naoimh . . . an bheatha / . . . / go dteagaid linn i lá bágha, DDána 25A. 31 . do thabairt a lai bágha lea bunadh ceineoil, MR 284.17 . thugais linn do lá bágha you fought on our side for a day, DDána 30.16 . Cf. fri huair ṁbáge the threatened hour (?), the day of conflict (?), SR 5115.

With various verbs: slúag romaith ind rígsa / lasa tá mo bágsa `along with whom is my fight', Fél. Ep. 162. lámh oirbheartach ré mbí ar mbágh, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 4. bágim báig for Laignechaib, LL 6343. na fer báig a Fergus ar buaib sceó mnáib Ulad, LU 6623 (rhet.). na fer baig . . . dit díth claidib, 5429 (rhet.). ni math d'ferus baíg / darochar a Chú (Fer Diad speaks), TBC-LL¹ 3962. a Ḟlaind . . . / nocho lind beri do báig, LL 7531. in oen-ḟecht dobertis a mbaig, CRR 57. cet cia théis fri báig, Fél. 4.14 . fuair a dochar dol re mbaigh (leg. baigh), Anecd. ii 39 Poem 23 § 3 . doconnarc-sa F. ag slaidhe slúagh ar ar bris báigh, Fianaig. 80.22 . do-ní in fer ´s a síd so | báig im a rígaib rompa `boasts (or `contends´) about its kings´ Celtica xix 40 § 2 .

(c) warlike qualities (?), boldness: at mathi . . . Fir Breg . . . im blad im báig im cridechairi, LU 4267. bar mbaid ┐ [b]ar mbeodacht fen, TTebe 2710 . eter . . . gráin ┐ báig ┐ chostud, TBC-LL¹ 5172.

? nach b.¤ forsa torchair / mo menmae múad medrach `battle,' Fél. Ep. 361 (promise ?). nir ba h-aitherrach báigi na bisig, MR 314.23 . do bhrígh a báigh / le mnáibh síl gCuinn contending (in generosity) (?), L. Cl. A. B. 236. 143 . deochain bunaid baga, Gorm. Jan. 23 (`warlike'). Petrus co mbaig mbunaid, Acr. 27 (`blessing').

Freq. in chevilles: brígach b.¤ , LU 4135. oen-ri bethad bag cach noib, Rawl. 84b37 . bāig go mbloidh, ZCP viii 114 § 15. ní baid briathrach, BB 273b30 (= bágh, LL). Cf. MR 264.6 . báigh briathar, Aithd. D. 8.22 .

In n.pr. Cú Bage, LL 322f1 .

Compds. With noun: M. bagfer, Gorm. March 31. teichis . . a nertaib bághfear as hard as he could go, RC ix 470.x (ICM). With adj.: co lathe brātha bāgmōir, ZCP iii 18.20 .

bec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bec or dil.ie/5512
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: lugimen, beag

adj o, ā small, little, of size, quantity, extent, physical and moral: b.¤ quasi ec ebraice paru[u]s interpretatur, , Corm. Y 151. duine beg gl. homunculus, Ir. Gl. 436. magnus et minus . . . mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676. natat beca gl. non parua, Ml. 18b6 . cid na olc mb.¤ `even any little evil', 35d9 . atá debe m[b]ec nand, 40a20 . ma beth na galar b.¤ for corp duini, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr.). na brithemnachta becca `petty judgements', Wb. 9c8 . both b.¤ gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . inna mmacc ṁbecc, 123b12 . cid b.¤ cid már gl. quantitas, Sg. 28b7 . immar fa b.¤ `whether it be great or small', 73a16 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, Ml. 135a14 . o aimsir bicc `for a little time', Wb. 5c2 . is becc rand aos túate ┐ lucht na sencheld mór ucut `the laity and the people of the great old churches yonder are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 137.4 nibo b.¤ in tech, Sc.M² 5. fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadna, LU 4044. cansit ceól mb.¤ , LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). ar thoirsi in meic bic do chosc, MU² 186. atchi tenid mbic `a little fire', RC xxiii 418.25 . id-bert an laoidh mbig si ann, ML² 1151. b.¤ cech glōr is cech gredan, Bruchst. i 62 § 143. dogní na briathra beca sa (of some lines of rhetoric), SG 371.18 . faillsighis . . . doibh-siumh an talamh mbiucc dia mbattar iarraidh .i. tir thairrngire, BNnÉ 77 § 148 . lethad baisi bigi (of a measure of bread), ZCP vi 286.10 . beag nglóire thú i dtalmhain (lit.) small as regards glory, Dán Dé viii 13 (but ex. may belong to subst. use below). más beag mór ar mbéim `all our sins, great and small', Aithd. D. 85.2 . ní fhuil dá éis dom scéimh acht scáil bheag, Keat. Poems 516. do chrích Banbha is beag re maoidheamh `small credit to B.', Aithd. D. 28.6 . b.¤ b.¤ very small, Ériu v 22.21 . becc nāt beg `not too tiny', K. and H. 10 (See Bull. Board of Celt. Stud. xxiv (1972) 484).

Compar. and superl. supplied by root *lug (cf. ). b.¤ ┐ lugum ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 659. Compar. laugu (sic leg. laugi, MS), Wb. 6b12 . lugu, 16c26 , Ml. 23a13 . laigiu, 17c7 , Sg. 120b2 . lugha gl. minor, Ir. Gl. 1115. dleagait mic leigind . . . saire ada lugu a free status that is less (than that of higher-ranking men of letters), Laws v 102.6 . gnim nad lugu smacht for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . co nar ba luga hí . . . oltás orcc cránai it was no smaller than a young pig, PH 7210. ni lugu is machtnaigthi lim-sa I have no less reason to marvel, 1758 . gerba lugu d'ais ┐ do airrdi in gilla sin `of lesser age and height', TTebe 393 . Scotia Minor nó Scotia ba lugha, Keat. ii 5797. With DE: combad lugaite a nert i n-agid ríg Lagen that their strength might be the less, LL 6423. his laugudi a pennit, Ériu vii 154 § 2. ba lugaide a galarsom ón do suidiu `thus his sickness was alleviated', Ériu xii 166.7 . ro ba lughaide ro heccaoíneadh a oidheadh go ro thionnsccain sé dol ar bélaibh a athar `was the less lamented', AFM v 1778.1 .

Superl. : lugimen gl. minimam, Ml. 14c10 . is ē dēach is laigem, Corm. Y 447. cia luigem i fuillemaib gell, Laws v 376.1 . With form of compar. : ūair is é mer is lauga isin lāim é (the little finger), Corm. Y 809. na tri fira is luga a fenechus the three smallest (least in value), Cóic Con. 42 § 63 . i coneilg in neich is lughu, Auraic. 677. in aen lámh mharcaigh as luga rob olc `by no means one of the least expert horsemen', AFM vi 2040.11 . In adverbial phrases: na rachthai . . . co cend .x. ṁbliadan a n-as lugu de `at the least' ( TTr. 1776 ), LL 32574. in mēide is lugha dhe, Fl. Earls 178.z . adeirim nī sa lugha cúig Paidreacha at least , Parrth. Anma 777. muna rabha sí ann go follus, ní as lúgha de, bíodh sí a bhfolach none the less, Mac Aingil 2210 .

As adv. in d s. (in) biuc little, a little ; a while?), in some exx. perh. merely expletive: ma conatil biucc `if it has slept a little', Wb. 29d15 . in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . cid in biucc `even in small measure', 39a25 . in biuc iarum gl. paulo post, Ml. 19b6 . in biuc `to a small degree', 122b7 . seōl bic romaind 'sa rōt cētna / a choss truag-sa, ACL iii 243 § 27. an biuc, a L. corot-aiciller, Sc.M² 9. tair bic ille, LU 3724 ( SCC 33 ). Compar. as adv. ind lugu gl. minus, Ml. 123c12 .

As subst. of persons and things small, petty, unimportant (of state, rank, possessions, etc.): ataat cetheora sabuid tuaithe noda-desruithetar i mbecaib who are degraded to small people, ZCP xvi 177 § 14 (= Laws i 54.8 ), see 184.23 . a becco, ol Fer Rogain, BDD² 888. nān .i. b.¤ ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac nō lucharbān, O'Mulc. 828. dona beaguibh (= paruulis, Psalms 118 ), Parrth. Anma 9 (title-page). In phr. o b.¤ (biuc) co mór both small and great i.e. everybody: tabhach cíosa ┐ cána Maodhóg o bhecc go mór `from small and great', BNnÉ 203 § 44 , cf. v.l., n.3. na coiglidh enduine acu o b.¤ co mor, Fier. 131. donangatarsidhe ó bhiug co mór, Hugh Roe 108.10 . Cf. etir b.¤ ┐ mór both small and great, Ml. 114b17 .

As subst. o, n. a little, a little while, etc., smallness, fewness : beag, m. IGT Decl. § 65. cid a mb.¤ gl. uel paululum, Ml. 29b12 . b.¤ gl. paulum, Sg. 14a11 . Études Celt. xi 110. iṁforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `of the few of them', Wb. 5b21 . is becc rofitemmarni i rrúnaib dǽe, 12c5 . cid beicc daucbaid si `of little worth', Wb. 21c12 . is hed a mbeccsin nammá dogníu di maith, 24a12 . cid b.¤ ṅdi ulc, Ml. 46a1 . cid cen na b.¤ ndo síd and `even without a little of peace there', 51a5 . ní b.¤ dia ndergeni forcenn a sailm `it is no small thing', 69c7 . corrobu b. du essarcnaib furodamair, 131b12 . becc torbai little profit, Thes. ii 296.4 . a mbecc mín `the small light diet', Mon. Tall. 152.20 . a mb.¤ arathá . . . doṁsaegulsa during the little that remains of my life, RC iii 179.9 . edrad fota do biuc (bicc, v.l.) buair `long the milking time for a few cattle', Ériu v 116.8 . dochóidseom trá i nnem arin ṁb. sin do maith, LL 36833. don ti rucc becc h'innmusa, RC xxvi 366.4 . beg dá hioth do-chúaidh ar gcúl, IGT Decl. ex. 1093. as beag do geabhthar do dhaoinibh fíréanta a small number, Desid. 2257. beag ga bhfoil an ceart ar chuimhne ` few ', Aithd. D. 38.5 . ar uathadh sluaigh ┐ ar beg mbuidhne, AFM v 1662.3 . Of time: ni bia do m'fhuirech-sa anosa mar-oen frit . . . acht b.¤ bet oc tuba h'uilc . . . i t'agaid, PH 8230. dar thrachtsam beg roimhe so `a short time', Geneal. Tracts 53.5 .

With prec. possess. 3 s.: rochotail a becc slept a while, TBC-I¹ 2513. nír codail a b.¤ an aidhchi sin he did not sleep at all, ZCP x 307.18 . ni rucsat a beg ar a m-buidnib they quite failed to overtake, Celt. Rev. iv 206.20 . dá leigeadh a lámha síos a bheag nó a mhór, Eochairsg. 54.5 . hi tōeb na conaire anair a bic `a little to the east', Dinds. 20. gan a bheg `not a whit', Duan. F. i 53.20 . dubhairt-sean nach raibhe a bheag `he said it was nothing', Keat. ii 5272.

With neg. verb and follg. DI anything at all, the smallest quantity: ní romill a becc din chasail (= permanente cassula tantum intacta quod ignis non tetigit), Lat. Lives 11.12 . na beiridh a bhecc da bhar nettaighibh libh asin luing, BNnÉ 54 § 55 . ní haithristear a bheag da scéalaibh `no tidings whatever are given of them', Keat. ii 2571. Cf. nochon do biuc bae dia brīg not slight was his power, ZCP viii 217 § 5.

In phr. acht b.¤ almost, nearly: fri re tri n-uairi acht b.¤ , PH 550. dia bualad co mbo marb acht b.¤ so that he was nearly dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). roscarsatur ar cuirp fri ar n-anmannaib acht b.¤ `have all but separated', MacCarthy 66.23 . acht madh beac, Fl. Earls 168.23 . b.¤ ná, b.¤ nach almost, nearly (i.e. little but that): b.¤ nachamralae i nderchóiniud ón `I have almost fallen into despair', Ml. 90c17 . b.¤ nád múchtha doíne impu were nearly stifled, TBFr. 272. beag nach brisiodh mo chroidhe / gach dán roimhe da gcumainn, Studies 1918, 618 § 11 . beg do Tuadmumain nár thrían / do bí ag M. M. held almost a third of Thomond, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.15 . go raibhe trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht beagnach, Keat. iii 1462. So also: is b.¤ mā dorinnus ariam gnīomh . . . badh doilghe liom do dhēanamh hardly , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1469. is beac ma ba oirrdearca C. `C. . . . was scarcely more illustrious', CF 411. Cf. is b.¤ cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 .

With copula and follg. prep. is b.¤ do it is little, insufficient (for): ba becc duitsiu cometecht dossom `it were little for thee (sic leg.) to be indulgent to him', Wb. 10c10 . ba b.¤ ṅdamsa mad buith cen chotlud tantum , Ml. 95d13 . Hence with neg. it is enough; an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí `grief enough for her', Dán Dé ii 23 . ní beag dó dá chora i gcéill / an fhola féin i ló an Luain, Aithd. D. 100.33 . ní beag seal don bhaois, Dánta Gr. 102.2 . níor bheag aon aifrionn amháin do rádh ar gach n-anam a single mass would suffice, Eochairsg. 51.20 . cá b.¤ do ? is it not enough (for) ?: ca beag dóibh so do robhadh?, KMMisc. 352.3 . cár bheag dhuid aithmhéala inn ? `would not repentance satisfy thee ?' Aithd. D. 34.5 . cá beag sin dá chur i gcéill ? isn't that enough to make it clear ? Dánta Gr. 85.8 . is (ní) b.¤ la deems insufficient; thinks little of: is beic (g s.) lim in bríg sin ced molad ced tatháir domberaidsi domsa is beicc limsa a bríg `little do I care', Wb. 82d1 . as becc lem slechtain dó I think it beneath me to make obeisance to him, BNnÉ 13 § 13 . mó as beag lé burba na bhfear `small account did she (viz. Eamhain) make of', Content. xxx 35. fá beag leó . . . iad féin ┐ a sochar do bhuain don duine `they did not hesitate' (Vocab.), TSh. 3065. ní beg limm do biadh gu bráth / balad mo chráibi cáimhe, Anecd. i 34.23 . ná bad begc la hingin ríg hErenn feis lais that the daughter of the King of Ireland should deem it no small honour to sleep with him, BColm. 88.8 . doraid in saer nar' beg lais do shaegul usci do thoidecht docum in muilinn (= sufficit mihi vivere donec), RC xii 344 § 39. adubradarsan nar beg leo féin a fheabhus sin they thought that excellent (i.e. an offer of billeting), L. Chl. S. § 9.12 . is b.¤ ar thinks little of, considers insignificant; despises, dislikes: sgéal is beag ar a mbuachail, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 3. is beg oram cáil na mban, Duan. F. i 85.31 . beg air imurro caingean na namad . . . uair ra dhlighsiot `he thought little of the doings of the enemies . . . for they were entitled to it', TFrag. 154.13 . is bec orumsa gach uile leiges lagtach isin cuis so acht clisteri (= abhorreo), Rosa Angl. 288.16 . gidh beg ormsa S., Ériu v 184.1 . an tí do dhéanadh math . . . dhóibh, go madh é budh lugha orra, Gadelica 38.65 . is lughaidi orum tú beth a t-[S]axanach . . . uair is don talam-sin in dias is lugha orum tainic riam, ZCP vi 87.21 . gidh ard thú ó threibh fhola, / dola i gclú leibh ní lugha you are just as intent on becoming famous, L. Cl. A. B. 215.20 .

In nn. loc.: in herinn bicc bebais `in Becc-Eriu', Fél. Apr. 23. Augustin Insi Bice, Lat. Lives 42.2 . See Hog. Onom.

In n. pr.: feil Brain Bic, Fél. May 18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. .x. mbuair . . . mbecalma, Ériu ii 4.11 . ¤baile: go mbeg-bailtip `villages', Fl. Earls 82.20 . ¤brat ina becbrataib `in his swaddling clothes´ Blathm. 34 . ¤déntaid `small worker ' (one of categories of wives with specific activities, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34.32 ): masa beccdentaidh, gunudh seiseadh no nomadh gnimha a fir aiccisi ann sein, Laws ii 410.7 Comm. issed da ní beccdentaidh dissi banaicidh (sic) uaidhsiumh ina aighidsi `what makes her a small worker is to have feminine implements supplied by him', 22 Comm. ¤dolb: (in rhetoric) iba srúaim sruthborr slán lam broind begdolb crú, LL 13860. ¤ecla of little fear . pn As epithet: Conaing B., ZCP viii 337.20 . ¤enech of small honour: comairge béldub b.¤ , Tec. Corm. 33.2 . ¤ḟola, small stock, cattle: .x. mbuair mbecfolad . . . glossed: .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . ¤grend short-beard: Tuirenn Beggreann, Cóir Anm. ii § 159 . ¤a small thing, a trifle: dorindi in ridiri bagar ┐ becni do briathraibh Sir Gyi, ZCP vi 32.26 . ¤popul little (lowly) people: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753. ¤ṡaegal short life: gan uamhan báis nō begs[h]aogail, ML² 1189. ¤ṡed little interest, heed: teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir / beigsheadh ag cách san chanóin, DDána 57.1 . ¤ṡelb: i lennmhain a mbegṡelbha bó `their few cattle', Hugh Roe 84.20 . ¤ṡluag a small company, host: is doras bāls beg-s[h]luag, ML² 1384. With vn. ¤carthain: gan bhríogh i mbeag-charthain séad `paltry love of treasures', Content. xxix 13.

(b) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤cíallda having little sense, weak-witted: boathán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721. ¤cosach short-stalked: (of a plant) luib b.¤ , ACL i 330 § 11 . ¤cridech small-hearted, hard-hearted: aderthar gurab duine cruaidh no beccchroidhech thu, Ériu v 138 § 124. ¤dígbálach of little harm: neithi iat sein . . . begdighbalacha, Irish Texts v 2 7. ¤eclach fearless: Conaing B., LL 2491. ¤ḟoltach having little substance, `inops': sochla brīg b.¤ , ZCP v 503.1 . ¤lachtach yielding little milk: comét in buair bec-lachtaig, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 . ¤menmnach dispirited: dobhí se go brónach begmhenmnach, Ériu v 196.33 . ¤náirech impudent, shameless: m'iaraidh-si do bhancheile led' bogbhriathraib begnaracha, ZCP vi 26.16 . ¤nertach having little strength, weak: biaid in bhuidhe becnertach (of a plague), SG 21.4 . ¤nertmar: don chriosdáidhe óg bhíos maoth beignertmhar, Ó Héodhusa 195.13 . ¤thuicsech feeble-witted: an téigentach bocht begthuigsech sin, Ériu v 166.34 . ¤uiscech: biaidh . . . an geimhreadh . . . beag-uisceach `scarce of water', Corp. Astron. 64.7 . Note also artificial compd. ¤máo: in b.¤ máo (? leg. becmáo) .i. is b.¤ as máo oldáusa .i. is b.¤ in derscugud gl. paruo maior quam ego, Sg. 45a15 .

Note also: muiti .i. mifothai . . . .i. b.¤ caithte a foghur, Auraic. 467.

canánach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. canánach or dil.ie/8131

 

Forms: canónach, cananach

n o, m. (canóin). Also canónach. canon regular; canon of cathedral chapter: cananach gl. canonicus, Ir. Gl. 437 . A. . . . do ecc a Lis Gabail ina chananach, Ann. Conn. 1373.4 . pian na manach ┐ na c.¤ , Aisl. Tond. 104 § 4 . Conaing . . . cenn c.¤ Rosa Cré, AFM iii 10.7 . a tticch canānaigh, Beatha S. F. 2872 . guidhim Auguistin óghach / gona (sic leg.) chéadaibh canónach, Dán Dé xxv 65 (Canons Regular were named after St. Augustine). go canānchaibh . . . thempaill Petair, Fl. Earls 172.31 . ar mbeith . . . dó ina ch.¤ i dteampoll chaidrealta (of Calvin), Eochairsg. 22.9 .

Fig.: is iat clann G. ro ba chanánaig choraidh ar in gcomairle gcruadchroidigsin (i.e. prime instigators, leaders), Caithr. Thoirdh. 59.10 .

cluiche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cluiche or dil.ie/9644
Last Revised: 2013

 

n io n. ? (cluiche ara-fuīretar fo mórslúagu dūlecha 'games which have been prepared for eager hosts' ZCP xlvii 55 ) (see Bergin, Ériu xii 205 n.1 ) game, play, sport (used both of athletic contests and of board-games); aigid, feraid, do-gní, imm-beir, -cuirethar c.¤ plays; very freq. of the celebration of commemorative games at an `ōenach': cluche n-óimin n-inmeldag / aigdit, Imr. Brain 41 (cluithe, v.l.). ferais cluichi la maca, Blathm. 102 § 40 . ni curtar ilach na gair cocluiche .i. golium cona c.¤ in tres bundsach `prattle(?) and playing', BCrólige 61 . ni fertar cluichi fair hi tig `no games are played in the house', ibid. fuil mic a cain cluithe `in lawful sport', Laws v 142.10 . monuar, a dhaoine maithe, / ba fearr a laithe cluithe, / mór liach Cionaedh mac Conaing, / hi lomaind do cum cuithe, AFM i 480.12 . c.¤ nō aonach, is dō is ainm nāsad, Corm. Y 796 . aenach . . . cia tiasa dia cluithi ind .i. do denam graithfne and, Laws v 484.y Comm. ferr c.¤ gairbe, / ferr grūad grīsadh a game is better than rough play(?), Anecd. iii 18.12 . cluchi ┐ céti ┐ ánius ┐ aibinnius (at an óenach), LU 3225 ( SCC 1 ). niro tairmesc a cluchi immi, 5008 (TBC). nín tairmesc día chluchiu, 1707 . conid cles ┐ cluchi lim comrac fri óenfer, 8469 ( FB 32 ). nimda sátech dom cluchi béos, 4996 . bīit trī chōecaid macc and . . . oca cluithi, TBC-I¹ 369 (oc cluchiu, LU). bāi C. . . . oc a cluichiu oc dul adochum in gillai, Ériu i 118 § 8 . baei Conairi a ceithri cairpthig i lLifiu occa cluichiu, BDD² 128 . agtair cluicheda ┐ ferthair graifni ind oenaig, LL 274a12 ( SG 416.3 ). radis in mac bec . . . ar co ndigsed dá chluchi do chluchemaig na Emna, TBC-LL¹ 878 . maccáem do thichtain in far cluchi can chur a faisma foraib, 908 . cluche ban Lagen (at Óenach Carmain), Metr. Dinds. iii 14.173 . i Muig Ḟind, ┐ ba sead on tir cluichi Aengusa ┐ Midir, Dinds. 79 . cluithe gl. iocus, Ir. Gl. 518 . dena c.¤ re do comais `play with', TTebe 3781 . ic imbirt cles ┐ cluithe ┐ iomána, TBC St. 770 . cluithchi fithli aga imirt acu, ZCP vi 44.17 . cluiche .i. imteacht, Lec. Gl. 288 (perh. a mistake for imirt, Stokes). an tan is caeine an cluiti is and dlegur a discur (prov.), Grail 226 . éanlámh don ch.¤ `the only player in the game', Content. xvi 125 . breith an ch.¤ `winning card' (Gloss.), xiv 55 . c.¤ .i. comhrac. cluithe .i. imirt no súgradh, O'Cl. óna huile chluichthibh díomháoine domhanda `playes', RSClára f. 116b . ag cur ch.¤ `whilst playing a game', ALC i 98.20 = AFM ii 988.16 . an cleasradh nó na cluicheadha nó an caitheamh aimsire, TSh. 4160 . bert chluichi a move in a game: tecascidsi beirt chluthi for a hathair and, LB 275b21 . beart cluiche ní dheachaidh dhe `never was any point in the game lost by him', O'Hara 1381 . Cf. batar ic imirt fichilli . . . beirt diarbo cluchi for M. a move owing to which the game went against M., Cog. 144.4 .

c.¤ caínte(ch) funeral games : ara nderntais . . . / c.¤ caíntech dia caíniod, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.44 ( LL 27812 ). fo ch.¤ Charmain cháintech, iii 24.304 . dorónta c.¤ chointe dó, TTr.² 1229 . ro haghadh a cepoc ┐ a cluichi caintech, RC xxiv 282 § 24 . na Greic do commorad cluichi chaintig i n-onoir . . . mic L., TTebe 2191 . Cf. láiset gair chaíne . . . / . . . / ro acht leo a cluchi cned, LL 26277 .

mag (in) c(h)luichi playing field : oc āine līathrōidi i maig in cluithi, TBC-I¹ 428 . i maig cluithi, 477 .

With various defining genitives: cluichi puill fognithi for faichthi na Emna, TBC-LL¹ 972 ( LL 8393 ). Téite . . . do dul ann (i.e. to Tráig Théite) . . . do ch.¤ thuinde co ro báidhed ann iat, Acall. 3824 (`a wave-game i.e. surf-riding', SG ii 200 - 201 ). cluichi disci . . . .i. cluichi méisi `the game of the discus', TTebe 2468 - 69 . c.¤ lúibe the name of some ball-game, taken to be hurling s.v. lúb q.v. and in CF² Gloss . but lúb may refer to a hoop through which the ball was driven, not to the club. Cf. Celtica viii 150 .

beirid (-cuirethar) c.¤ (AR, DO = DI ?) wins the game against: noco berad orm . . . / cluchi erail ar fidchill, LU 3974 ( SCC 45 ). nobered C. cluithi na nona for Illand (of fidchell), Anecd. i 11.26 ( SCano 358 ). bean mé ar ar cuireadh c.¤ , DDána 120.24 . do beredh [Laog] gac[h] re ccloic[h]e do (for, v.l.) Coin Culainn, TBC St. 1622 .

Legal. col cluichi (colchluiche?) foul play, breach of rules of play : ataitt ceithre col cluithi la feinee (sic), uatha fri hilar, ┐ cros diubrucad ┐ taithe tuilche, ┐ bundsach in airecht, O'Curry 2376 ( Eg. 88, 29 ). fiach fiancluiche . . . fiach cola cluichi `fine for fair-play . . . fine for foul-play', Laws iii 258.19 , 21 Comm. fiach col cluithe, O'Curry 2377 ( Eg. 88, 29 ). Cf. bad c[h]ert do chluichiu frim, TBC-I¹ 750 . muindtir rig . . . ac fromad a nirt is éric cola cluithi uaithib, O'D. 1568 ( H 5.15, p. 4 ) (in the case of an injured animal). See fían-, medón-, col-.

(b) jest, sport : a denam ar daigin c.¤ for sport, Laws iii 250.14 Comm. `tabraidh dantmír dó' or fer dubh docluiche (leg. do ch.¤ in sport, by way of a jest), ZCP i 464.z (`evil-jesting', Meyer). ? c.¤ gu bás Bríain Banda / loisgthi as marbtha is madmanda, IGT Decl. ex. 1145 .

(c) feats of strength, feats of arms : immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. Tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB 39 ). tiagam far cluchi inn átha, TBC-LL¹ 3763 . ro thuairc cach a chéile combó derg ind aband dib. Fortressiu iarum a chluchi in Chonaill, LL 13511 .

c.¤ ind ríg the name of some epidemic : cluichi an Rig a nErinn uli . . . ┐ Risderd Sabais d'ec de, Ann. Conn. 1361.6 . c.¤ in righ do beith co tiugh isin bliadhain sin i n-Erinn, AU ii 512.9 . Cormac . . . do dhul d'eg do c.¤ in righ, Aedh . . . don plaidh cetna, 540.5 . See Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 178 .

As quasi-vn. catt bec boí forsind lár oc cluchiu, LU 1705 . luid-seom . . . do chluchi frisna gillu isin léna, Fing. R. 427 . fecht . . . do P. ic cluithiu itir a comaistiu ludebat, Lat. Lives 46.3 . ? gabaidh C. for eiliugud Mic Coisi, ┐ a chluiche (cluithe, MS.) ime, ZCP viii 559.16 (? leg. ┐ ic c.¤ ). acc c.¤ ┐ acc fanamhatt impaibh, AFM vi 2324.10 .

? cluichi ar chaill, LL 27427 (= Clochar nGuill, Metr. Dinds. iii 306.32 ). sin an chéad lá do sgaoileadh / fuireann d'ar saoithibh con a gcluithche `in the chase', Oss. iv 22.6 .

Compd. ¤-mag playing-field : adell C. laiss iarom a cluchemag, LU 4981 . laa dó . . . isin chluichimaig oc immáin, Fing. R. 334 . bui-sium ara clesaib cluithemuige co dered laei, TMoméra 156.4 .

con-anaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-anaig or dil.ie/11987

 

Forms: comnacal

v (aingid) protects : acht ni conanaig deithbeire `except what the law of exemption protects', Laws i 102.8 . ? conranaigh sidhe findteda he can protect tribe-lands, O'Dav. 1261 (con-ice ?). c[o]n[i]d comaine .i. co ra coemnighe, O'Curry 1980 (H 4.22, 18). Cf. intí . . . conaing eclais De, LB 12b23 . Vn. comnacal.

con-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-cuirethar or dil.ie/12039

 

Forms: cocur

v (cf. con-ceird, 1 cocraid): tonna mora . . . inna churchān flescach fann / for Conaing concoirsetar, Bruchst. 39 § 92 `arranged themselves against', CS 76.13 . dicedal concuir in file composes , O'D. 1191 (H 2.15, 78b). cia concorad cét churu dúra dedoirne `though he contract first covenants firm (and) sure', O'Dav. 736 . ginib do conn comraitear concurtar gach nae, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 Q 6, 37 ). ? conralat conralsat (rhet.), ZCP xii 362.30 . tangadar bharsan áth . . . ┐ conroladh doibh ann they fought there (rel. con-?), RC xv 66.10 . See con-lá.

Vn. cocur.

crach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crach or dil.ie/12705
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj ` harsh, rough ?', Meyer Contribb. As epithet: Conaing C.¤ , LL 24119 . ? Columb Crag, Reeves Ad. 19.10 . As n. pr. m. Ailen Mic Craich, AU i 176.5 . ? To this: a chongrus crace (chraiche, v.l.), Corm. Y 91.14 (§ 1059) (but perh. for croiccenn CMCS xix 32 n. 30 ).

Dairiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dairiu or dil.ie/14294

 

npr. m. Son of Eochaid mac Maireda: cor baidead Eochaid ┐ a chland uile acht mad Dairiu ┐ Conaing , RDinds. RC xvi 152. 2 . Cf. 1 Dairenn g s.

Dant

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dant or dil.ie/14620
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Daint

o, npr. m. Abbot of Emly in the County of Tipperary (†A.D. 660). gen. Daint: Conainn nepos Daint abb Imlecho Ibair [defunctus est], AU i 116. 9 . Conaing ua Daint décc, AFM i 270. 5 .

fáebar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáebar or dil.ie/20997

 

Forms: fáebra, fáobhar

n o, m. (but n p. fáebra, LU 9617 ). fáobhar, IGT, Decl. § 17 .

I

(a) a sharp edge (of a sword or blade, also of a shield; seldom of pointed weapons): faobhar sgeo rinn, Ériu xiii 21.10 . mesir arm iarna ḟaobhruibh, 41.30 . hi fáebur in bélae the axe-edge LU 9027 (gloss) ( FB 77 ). ise in biail innraic ... tri meoir lethed a foebuir ..., O'Curry 884 (< H 3.18, 395b ). cromsciath co foebar condualach fair, TBC-I¹ 1158 = faebur chonduala, LU 5637 . cosmuiles in cloidim ar a mbitt in da faebur like a two-edged sword Laws v 222.25 Comm. dobert D. beim do faebur a gae tar mocoll ind lín, LU 1929 . la fáebru na ngaí, 8202 ( FB 15 ). meilid faebra, TBC-I¹ 3446 = melat fáebair, TBC-LL¹ 5831 . d'faebraip na tuagh ┐ na claidem, CCath. 5876 . faobar na sgene no na tuaighe, O'Dav. 1009 . mar ḟáobhar sgían mbearrtha IGT, Decl, 2043 . cuirfe sé fáobhair [sic] air a chloidheamh whet his sword Psalms vii 12 . gér amhuil cloidheamh dhá fáobhar, Proverbs v 4 . Of a bone: gérithir altan ... faebur a lurgan MR 20.3 .

(b) a sharp-bladed weapon: faibur .i. claideb (gl. machera) Ml. 75b11 . bla faebur `the exemption as to an edged weapon' Laws iii 236.23 . amal tregdas anmain duine foebur tria corp, ZCP iii 26.27 . dosoi foebar fri Fergail, RC xxiv 54.12 . grith faebair, Rawl. 124az = Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17.4 . i mbiat fáebra fri fáebra, LU 9617 ( ZCP iii 208 ). níngabat renna no airm no faebair itir, TBC-LL¹ 1263 . ni ba heccal dó faobhra nád gallra, BNnÉ 293.1 . (faobhair v.l.). rop scíath fri fóebra fégi, Hy v 97 . cen armu, cen fáebru, MU² 644 ( LL 266b44 ). cen inad rend ┐ arm ┐ fáebur do dénam de, MU² 331 ( LL 264b5 ). faibraib derggaib with red sword-blades Rawl. 115a45 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40.12 . iarna fóebraib fennad `after flaying them with sword-edges' Fél. Prol. 48 .

(c) a sharp-edged tool: saer istig ┐ faebhur, BB 25b33 = Leb. Gab.(i) i 46 . faebar la soer, Leb. Gab.(i) i 30 .

II Fig. keenness, sharpness; hence apex: faobhar ann ara fhertoiph `there is the acme of his mighty works' BNnÉ 284.32 . gan freagra faobhair without keen retort. Ó Bruad. iii 4 . an chruinne ar a fáobhar fúm, IGT, Decl. ex. 15 . Metaph: ? cis duar dían drongaighther i bfaobhraibh foimhdin, Ériu xiii 26.2 = i foebuir foimdib, O'Dav. 883 . in Laws, Comm.: orba for set n-imfaebair .i. ferann do-berar for conair .i. ime ada faebur, foebra la fine a cuingid cucu, foebrach léisi a aisec uaithi, Laws iv 46.25 . cuich in imaebur adeir ann? .i. ... faebur laisin fine im aisic don ingin ... ┐ faebur laisin ingin a aisic aris don fine (an explanation of im(f)aebair `double-edged, equivocal,' see Thurneysen, Ir. Recht 81 , 82 ), Laws iv 48.9 . fri (re) f.¤ coincidently with, at the time of: ni dernad do ulcc hi Connachtaib re faebar gabala rigi dosom achtmad oenslat ar sligid na Cruaiche, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 3 (= ALC i 268 ; corresp. to: re hucht gabhala, AFM iii 214.6 ).

III As npr. m.: Nemnuaill maic Faebair (a progenitor of Míl) Fianaig. 30.3 . o Chonand mac Febair, LL 6a45 . o Conaing mac Ḟaebhair, BB 27a9 . Conaing mac Faobhair, Keat. i 178 .

Compds. With adj. ¤derg: Cethern mac fial foebuirderg Fintain, TBC-I¹ 2760 = faebarderg red-bladed Ériu i 116.15 . Echaid faeburderg, LL 127b34 . Eochaidh Faeburderg, MacCarthy 296.2 . ¤gér sharp-edged: coibleng ... fuilech foebargher, Aen. 2371 . ¤glan clean- or bright-edged; epithet of javelins: i suaineamnaiph a fogad faebharglan, CCath. 5552 . ¤glas: gai fota faebarglas blue-bladed TBC-I¹ 2047 . As sobriquet, Eochaid Faeburglas, Rawl. 147a16 . LL 127b32 . ¤glicc skilful in wielding weapons: flaith na fian faebairglic, Acall. 664 . ¤nocht: bare-bladed (with unsheathed sword): a ḟlaith na fian faebharnochd, Acall. 1441 . ¤the: hot-edged, keen-edged: colg faobhairthe, TD 19.8 . sluagh f. ` keen-bladed host ' 3.21 . With subst.: ¤béim stroke with the edge of a weapon (?) TBC-LL¹ 1890 . ¤chless ` edge-feat ' name of a warlike feat: fáeborchles, LU 9291 . Ériu iv 30.9 . the edge of a weapon (?). TBC-LL¹ 1890 . ¤chless `edge-feat,' name of a warlike feat fáeborchles, LU 9291 . Ériu iv 30.9 . faeborcless, LU 5969 = TBC-I¹ 1501 . imma chromscíath ... cona bil áithgéir co tescfad finna i n-aigid srotha ... inbaid fogníth ... fáeborchless di is cumma imthescad dá scíath ┐ dá sleg ┐ dá chlaideb, LU 6433 = TBC-I¹ 1919 . dogni ... faeborchles don claidiub imma chend, BDD 148 . uii. bfaobhairchleasa, ZCP x 287.2 . ic faebarchless chlaideb uastu LL 266a10 ( MU² 541 ). Fig. in faebarchles feichemnais sin `this feat of accusation' MR 298.8 . Hence adj.: fálairbi ferrda ... faebar-clesach Frangc ` sword-dexterous ' MR 214.17 . ¤gal keen valour: rī ... co faebargail, Rawl. 85a5 . ¤gleó combat with sword or weapons TBC-LL¹ 3213 . ¤glond exploit or deed of arms: fri fúam febda faebarglonn, SR 6790 . ¤nél an edged, i.e. lightning-shedding cloud: re feirg bfaoboirnél bfuiglech `of the armed ( jagged ?) vociferous clouds' O'Gr. Cat. 451.11 .

foroll

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foroll or dil.ie/23832

 

Forms: foraill

adj o-ā very great (usually in chevilles): flaith fial febda f.¤ , SR 7482 . Fiadait f.¤ , 1802 . in fer f.¤ , LL 134a23 . Todd Todd Nenn. 238 . Finden forall, BB 38a4 . Maol fial Finnia f.¤ AFM i 556 (poem). lith f.¤ , Anecd. i 55 . Cath C. ria nAed ... f.¤ fuacra | forsin Domnall (: crodond; cf. Ériu xii 136 ) LL 183a18 (`a mighty challenge' Arch. Hib. ii 66 § 36 ). f.¤ (v.l. forull) fechta a great expedition IT iii 40 § 36 . g s m. Locha Uatne foraill (: Conaing), LL 184a56 . cath Lacha Febail foruill, Fen. 326.18 . Cf. for Fodlai ... foruill, IT iii 17 § 44 .

frithrosc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frithrosc or dil.ie/24541

 

Forms: frithroisc

n o, n. (cf. 1 rosc) usually in expressions like: f.¤ na conaire, in tṡrotha: dimbúaid fir | f.¤ madma | maidm ria ṅgnúsib, LL 176ax ( CRR 38 ; `the countercharge of defeat' Hogan; confronting a rout ?). atconairc R. friothroscc foa (i.e. looking up at him from below ?) AFM iv 988.16 . As subj. or obj. of sentence: tarrla frithrusc feicheamnuis ┐ fergi eturro, Fianaig. 56.11 . tarla frithroscc fuighill idir Murchadh ┐ Conaing , Cog. 144 n. 4 = frithnois, 142z . g s. as adj. ? tuc fer ecin don debaid frithroisc urchur duaibsech do saigit, Ann. Conn. 1405 § 15 (Hennessy's ed. has urchuir, ALC ii 114 ). Commonly used as adv. with vbs. implying motion in the sense backwards, in an inverse direction , absol. in acc. or dat., rarely gen. or with prep. I N-; occasionally folld. by gen. (which may have been the primary construction, see above). imroi a seol f.¤ co tudchaid timchell Erenn, LL 168b8 (= Dinds. 45 ). int ainm do scribenn co direach co dered na craibi ┐ a scribenn frithrusc co tosach na craibi, Auraic. 5824 , cf. gach ni d'impodh inti fein uile f.¤ , 5968 . ranntair óthá athair ... co senathair for culo ┐ frithrusc afrithisi, Ériu i 215.17 . co n-accai comraid ... f.¤ in tṡrotha chucai against the stream (current) LL 281b12 . Fergus do chuaid ... f.¤ forsin Sínigh RC xxiii 323 (cf. Ériu xvi 33 ). confacatar in fer ... ┐ luingin ... foi fritroisc na Boinne gan imram itir, RC vi 183.2 (= fria frithrosc, Hib. Min. 25 ). iar ndruimned Boinde frithroisc (.i. i n-agaid tsrotha), Anecd. v 25.8 . lotar ... friothrosc na conaire remedeochatar, AFM v 1862z . do choidh hi friothroscc ┐ a ffrithing gacha conaire ro ghabh ag dol ... go rochtain dó tar a ais, vi 2164.20 . soaitt friothroscc, Hugh Roe 120.24 (f. 32b) . adracht O. ┐ do chuir in caincinn frithroisc for a lurg co nach facad nech ... é, Acall. 2327 . Cf. rethait rithrosc iar sēt sain (of the planets) SR 7923 .

As adj. reverted, standing on end, erect (?): eithre muirmhil fuirre ... ingne frithrosca forrasaidhe barbed (?) Lism. L. 2224 . lomort[ar] a caither f.¤ , ZCP xii 402.19 . fraech f.¤ , Auraic. 6008 .

leithrind, ? léithrind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leithrind, ? léithrind or dil.ie/29853
Last Revised: 2013

 

n term for a division of kindred (see Celtica xiii 179 ): Cenēl Catcheirn a quo Síl Find oc Lēthrind Binnich, Corp. Gen. 144 (Rawl. 141 b 20) . is ōn Chonall dano atāt Léithrind Conaill, 140 (Rawl. 141 a 30) . ōnd Ailill Lēithrind Ailella, 140 (Rawl. 141 a 31) . sunn condreacaid Cland Echach Buidi fri Leithrind Conaing don leth tuaid, Celtica xiii 179 (Lec. 110 r a 43 = BB 149 a 35) . ? at imda a ithlanda … ad lana a letrenda, IT iii 92 § 138 . Perh. same word as laithrinn, láithrinn ?.

lumman

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lumman or dil.ie/31073

 

Forms: luimne

n ā, f. g s. luimne. cloak, (protecting) mantle: mōr liach Cināed macc Conaing / hi lomainn dochum cuithi that C. is borne to his grave in sackcloth, Bruchst. i 46 § 103 = AFM i 480.13 = AU i 358.20 . in lene ┐ in luman, YBL 176b10 . ditiu della fri lummain (:cunnail) `as a brooch guards a cloak', Metr. Dinds. iv 330.11 . gabaid a lummain find fortōcbalta i forcipul imme `cloak', MacCongl. 9.26 . romben a lumain fhind de, 25.15 . rosléic fāen for a lummain, 25.17 . i lomain laic, Anecd. ii 66.8 . tabair do bendacht damh a n-ucht mo luimne in the breastfold of my cloak, ACL iii 321.20 . ronigh . . . an duine a lumaind a lochtobur, 29 . is búan / huli hi fola lumne (said to bardic scholar), LU 11004 `all is lasting in a cloak of sackcloth', Imr. Brain i 54.12 = luimnig, O'Curry 1367 ( H 3.18 p. 625 ), where l.¤ is glossed .i. édach = Ériu xiii 70.116 . Cf. lomain, lumain .i. brat, O'Cl. dorat lōa fair iar lumain (: drumain), Otia i 126 § 21 `wool . . . after rough cloth', Murphy Lyrics 34.21 . Note also: comruc fri Cairpre Cundail / nimoruc dris di l.¤ , IT ii1 185.287 .

Also shield in Dinds. and glosses. In Dinds. of Lumman Tige Srofain: l.¤ ainm do cach scíath . . . Rochlaided ind úag. A ṡleg dia thóeb. A chlaideb don taeib aile. A lummán (leg. -an. Glossed .i. a sciath) taris, Metr. Dinds. iv 328 - 330.10 . Of Luimnech: odhurluimni liathglassa im slog in da dal . . . co ruc in sruth a luimne uile dib, Dinds. 57 . nó l.¤ ainm in sceith . . . ┐ . . . ro foxal in sruth a luimne dona laechaib .i. a sciatho, ib. = co mbói in loch fo luimnib de (: druimnib) so that the lake was strewn with cloaks, Metr. Dinds. iii 272.43 . l.¤ ainm cech scéith scenbda, 274.61 . luman ainm do sgiath na sgiamh, Ériu x 85 § 82.

? midnais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? midnais or dil.ie/32203

 

Forms: midhnais

ind ais .i. abann ut dixit in file: Mac Conaing cosnamh fris | ni ais tenid na midhnais , O'Mulc. 110 = mid nais, H. 3.18.

1 tóe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tóe or dil.ie/41135
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: táu, toa, tuäe, tua, tua, t, toei, toe, toë, tāi, toei, tuai, túi, tuai, thai

n , f. (but cf. d s. táu, Corm. Y 1204 ; ZCP viii 329.26 ). Originally an s-stem, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 55 . n s. toa, ZCP xiii 272 § 21 . tuäe, ACL iii 314 § 29 . tua, Ériu ii 64 § 4 . tua, TBC-LL¹ 3333 . t, ZCP iii 23.10 . toei, PH 630 . toe, Auraic. 909 . d s. toë, SR 1586 . tāi, Ériu ii 229 § 2 . toei, PH 625 . a s. tuai, Ml. 58c5 . túi, Ériu iv 30.23 . a pl. tuai, Ml. 112b3 .

silence: in tuai gl. selentium, Ml. 58c5 . inna tuai gl. silentia, 112b3 . tāue (MS taua) co comlabrai, Celtica viii 58.2 . adram in coimdid 'mole | hi toe, cen chomlabrae, SR 1586 . toreic .i. reic tho .i. aisneis i táu (toi, LB), Corm. Y 1204 . croisfigell hi tói, Rawl. B 512 fo. 39a (Plummer MS. Notes). tuae ocus fethamlae | do chrábud rop lessach, Ériu iii 100 § 21 . cech toi bad ernaigthi, cech labrau bud ḟirinde, Flower Cat. 493.4 . ce do faidsad snathat for lar in taige rocluinfide lasin túi i mbítis ar a airmitin som, Ériu iv 30.23 . descaid trebaire túae, Anecd. iii 15.12 . tó co toiscide, ZCP iii 25.10 . tuae ┐ trebaire, xi 86 § 42 . is ē dliged na mban beth i tāi, Anecd. v 23 n. 13 . ro forcongairt forro táei do denum, CCath. 573 v.l. ro tuilset ... lasin tai moir sin, 4365 . gurba toir cach gan sgath ┐ gurba tiar cach gan taoi, ZCP x 287.19 . cen toi fri ortt, BNnÉ 305.27 . doronsat tái d'eistecht frisan righ, 324.30 . hi toei moir, PH 625 . ro-thuit toei mor forsin imper, 630 . toe tengadh, Auraic. 909 . ata-boing ... tui teachtaid fili, 5458 . fírinne i n-aghaidh ghó | agus tó i n-aghaidh labhra, Dánfhocail 230 . iar mbeith dhósomh seatal ina thaoi, Hugh Roe 230.15 . As vn.: do thai ┐ d'urestecht friss, CCath. 5031 . bric chorcra ar taoi a dtiománghoibhnigh, DDána 89.23 . to .i. tost, Lec. Gl. 347 . tua .i. tó ainche .i. tosd, O'Cl. Hence: to .i. bas, ut est mad im tir ro temhadh tó, O'Dav. 1554 = tó .i. bás ut est, ma im thir ro temadh to .i. da madh im thir ro epled sé a mbas. tó .i. bas quod tacet omnis in morte , O'Curry 978 ( H 3.18, 422b ). ? an toe toe | do ní mac Conaing don roi, AFM i 508.y . As n.pr.: Agnomain, Tōe, Banb, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 42 § 43 . Ogaman. Tōi (: gōi), 54 § 18. ronn-ain itge Tuäe, Fél. Dec. 22 . Toí. Uimle, Hidna, Fél.² clxxxv 7 . isí Blonac ingen Túi | ic sádud a crúi rosmill, Metr. Dinds. iii 376.3 .

See , 2 tóe.

toísech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. toísech or dil.ie/41302
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: toísegu, toísigiu, taesca, taísce, túsga, táoiseach, tóiseach, túiseach, túiseach, tóiseach, taíseach

adj. and subst.

I adj. o,ā first, former: isind epistil tóisich, Wb. 14d1 . fon dul toisech, 10b20 . is hires as toisech hi suidib, Ml. 14c6 . forsind í toisech `on the first i,' Sg. 7b5 . ind .a. toisech `the initial a,' 136a2 . huanaib herchoiltib tóisechaib, 199b11 . aire túise, cid ara n-eperr? arindí as t.¤ a ceníul leading , Críth G. 386 . ont shanais taisig rosairg, Ériu ix 67.31 . co n-aprai in bolcum tōisech frisin mbolcum ndédenach, MacCongl. 101.13 . o gein tuiseach Edaíne ... cosin ngein déigenach, Ériu xii 156.20 . is in ais tuisigh ... is in ais medhonaigh, Laws ii 186.13 Comm. eter dered ind raind toesig ... ┐ tossach ind raind tan[aisi], Auraic. 5369 . for láim chlí ind óclaig thoesig tánic issin tulaig, TBC-LL¹ 5197 . in tan túisech beres soillsi grene cecha bliadna cetchoscor do dorcha na haidche, PH 3515 . Slíab Sobail ... ainm t.¤ (: nóisech) in tṡen-ṡléibe, Metr. Dinds. iii 116.96 . acht na ndenaid min-ughdair fri dereadh in domain ar thucait a nderscnaighthi seach na n-ughdaru toisseacha `the former authors,' Auraic. 59 . ro slecht didiu G. iarsin co ro soethe ana gne toisech ` former ,' RC xlvi 239.25 . frisin láithi toisech do mi Febra, Marco P. 85 . Cf. tuisiuch a rainnside a trí `it is to be divided in the first place,' Laws ii 140.12 Comm. is denam for tuisech an deidenach, i 172.32 Comm.

As adv. preceding a verb: is aice toisech tucad chuing for muinelaib dam do feraib Erenn, Ériu xii 178.19 (TE). iss é taeisech rosía taisselbad chugut-sa it is it which will first come to be exhibited to thee, BColm. 92.20 . íar fairind ... comad hé tósech nóadhrad Fursa, 96.21 . dénaid tindenus co rop sib toisech innises bethaid do'n doman, PH 3413 . co mad i nGalilee toisech atcifitís a apstail Ísu iar n-esergi, 3415 . conidh he toissech roscrib i taiblibh, Auraic. 44 . rocreit conid hé toisech rogab creidim, Lat. Lives 3.13 .

Compar. toísegu, toísigiu. Later taesca, taísce, túsga.

(a) prior; first in importance: ni airegdu a persansom oldaas persan na nabstal olchene ceto thóisegu i n-iriss, Wb. 18d14 . air is toisechu anisiu indaas andabeirsom ar thuus, Ml. 47a14 . amal as toisegiu grían indáas laithe ... síc is toissigiu gein maicc hua athair re cech dúil, 85b11 . bái ni bud toisigu dún andás biath do dénam duit, Trip. 10.16 . aire tuise .i. tuisechu i n-urd ... he, Laws v 24.27 Comm. mar as tusca ... gach ni foirfi na gac ni nemhfoirfi superior , Ir. Astr. Tr. 66.16 . os é in credem oibriugud is túsca dib, PH 7813 . dán órdha ní hé do ní | cosnamh gach cúise adeirthí | as taosga i dtealaigh na bhFionn | acht leabhair aosda Éirionn, Content. vii 12.

(b) first in point of time, sooner: cid toisigiu doberthar ind ḟochaid, Ml. 19b11 . aris is toiseghv rocet in coecatmad psalm, Hib. Min. 6.199 . is toisichv rocet pusillus eram, 10.z . is tōisechu mac et athair oldās úa, Corm. Y 1277 . táisechu ro-síacht Cú Chulainn co hEmain, MU² 151 . masa tuisecha ro deirged a lam ... inna ro tsennestar in cin air, Laws iii 110.18 Comm. taoisechu mes in ratha, O'D. 519 ( H 3.17, col. 421 ). uair taoisiocha so ionás écc E. `this was before the death of E.', TFrag. 226.17 . ní miad lim-sa diam túscu dó icond áth ná dam-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1879 . táisgi rainic CuChulainn mara roibi Orlam ina'n gilla, ZCP viii 540.19 . táisce mo bás cen deibe | ná le nech eile laige, SG 61.13 . tuscu Conall anda Corc, LL 145a32 . sinni ba toisciu ca thocht, LL 206b46 . an inbuid is tusca beg ro gabhadh in athgabail ina táinic in foesum, Laws ii 110.26 Comm. cuairteocha mé in domun ag iaraidh mo dhalta, muna faghar nísa tusca é, ZCP vi 91.8 . gach ni as deigmacha bis annsa comtsuigigud is e as tusca bis annsa disgailedh, RC xlix 12.y . gurabh taesca do ghabhais féin geill treinfer Eirenn 'na do ghabh ri in domhain a n-gheill, CF 216 . gein as taosga (: aosda) do thuair gnaoi, PBocht 27.5 . fa taosca sin ioná Cairbre Riada do mharthain, Keat. ii 3685 . go madh taosga deigh-fhreagra ōn rīgh ag breith orra nō M. do thernodh tar a aiss, Fl. Earls 22.26 . ní bhfuil peacadh air bioth is taosga `more ancient,' Donlevy 156.7 . As abstract noun: munbadh a thúscc ro gonadh an presidens, AFM vi 2114.23 . In phr. mar as t.¤ as soon as: mar as taisce adchonnairc, grádhaighes iat, Imr. Brain 62 13 . tabair do briathar damsa, maras taosga ticfair an Erinn, nach lecfer oirisim na comnaide doibh, IT ii2 124.68 . mar is túsga théid an t-anam ar neamh ┐ is léir dhó lonnradh an lóchrainn diadha `as soon as,' TSh. 5086 . mar is túsga do-bheir an diabhal an duine aontuigheas don olc ar chumas an pheacaidh, 7345 .

(c) sooner in preference; rather: toisechu bia marb oldas bia meirb, PRIA xix C 546 § 8 . doberim mo breithir ... conad taesca no ebelaind ... na doberaind poic duit, RC xxiv 198.6 . gorab túsca bas im belaibhsi innas mo bheth ... im senoir ic foglaim foghnamha do duine aili, CCath. 5529 . bá cora comland do chur rimsa ní bad thaisci (tasca, v.l.) ina torchair do rigaib ... adraind cosaníu, TTebe 4431 . is tusca no-berad in t-errandus bud mo dia rige ┐ flaithius doib oldas in cend-sin, PH 906 . is taisce atbél iná-s dogén do diultad-sa, 3014 . is taisce doloiscfedh a ingin ana doberadh do S. hi, Marco P. 30 . taosga as dúthchas d'aicme Ír ... cuige Uladh ... ionás Luachair, Content. v 115 . is túsca no fuicfind-si Ere inás do ghénaind fell for ma dhaltadaib fesin, MR 12.16 . bheith toiltionach air bhás d'fulang níos taoisge iona chuirfheadh fearg air, Donlevy 54.24 . imdhighsi ni sa thaósga do chum na gceannuightheadh, Matthew xxv 9.

Superl.: is ed trede as toisechem do duiniu gl. quae inter reliqua uictui necesaria primum obtinent locum, Ml. 20d2 . tóisigem gl. primus, Sg. 42a3 .

II As subst. o, m. táoiseach, tóiseach, túiseach, IGT Decl. § 11 (54.29) ; túiseach, tóiseach, taíseach, § 104 .

(a) first, first-mentioned thing or person. honaib toisechaib gl. prioribus, Ml. 56b22 . essu rubu thoisech hi suidiu, 63b5 . ūr .i. cach (sic leg.) tūisech ┐ īar cach ndēigenach, Corm. Y 1291 . nád aithgainethar a t.¤ first mentioned, Críth G. 564 . cérba tróm in tóisech, i[s] sechttruma in dédenach, MacCongl. 61.16 . lethfiach don tuisech lanod `half fine due to the first man of full privilege,' Laws iii 136.y Comm.

(b) leader, chief: hore rombu thoissech na fectae, Wb. 33a20 . ban chossmaili friar tuissech, 33b20 . amal bid nach toisech corpthae dudfessed, Ml. 78b14 . Iob ba dicerta crich | toisech míltnechta Dauid, SR 6594 . tóisech int sluaig, 4797 . snáidsiunn Moysi degthóisech, Thes. ii 300.9 . tóisech inna mban, Imr. Brain 31.7 . acht atndaimet do thóisiuch ┐ aurlabraid remib, Críth G. 279 . im dán toísig nó thánaisi, 322 . cach buden immá túsech, LU 8103 (FB). na tōisig fot smacht | cidat nōisig neirt, KMMisc. 268 § 41 . cach buiden imma tuisech, TBC-LL¹ 459 . ech cach tóisich, BColm. 94.10 . Aengus bá toiseach doib uili, Ériu xii 142.21 . tuisech cacha fine, Laws v 438.25 . cach tōisich a thulach, ACL iii 226.6 . tuatha cen taisechu, TTebe 3049 . ité ... in cóica ingen ...: isī a tāisech fil sunn for mo leathlāim-sea .i. Deichtir, ZCP v 502.3 . a thaisechu iffirn, PH 3868 . do thúisigh uile is t'uirrígh, DDána 74.16 . tréit ┐ taisig tretil, Cog. 160.7 . rug a craísech chraebh n-úaine | taísech úaine a táebh thóire, IGT Decl. ex. 1205 . Of rulers of peoples or territories: toesech na nDubgennti, AU i 366.1 . Cerran mac Colman tosech cenel Maelche, 428.6 . toisech Mesopotamia, SR 5284 . ro boí toisech Ua Conaing and, LU 3110 . tōsig Thūath Bíd, MacCongl. 83.20 . With following gen. of description; t.¤ céit centurion: doronadh iarsin tuiseach cett ic Cesair deisiom, CCath. 3554 . t.¤ celebarta head of the canonical offices, cantor Ríocht na Midhe viii 8 : sacart, ┐ toiseach ceileabhartha Cluana mic Nóis, AFM II 764.18 . t.¤ cethrair quadrumvir: taisech cetráir gl. quadrum uir, Ir. Gl. 400 . t.¤ cóicir quintumvir: taisech cuigir gl. quinctum uir, Ir. Gl. 401 . t.¤ conaire guide: tarsna beilghibh rotioncoisccset a thoisigh conaire dhó, Hugh Roe 86.7 . t.¤ imgona battle chief: ba tóisech imghona la Cublay esium, Marco P. 128 . t.¤ na macc léiginn master of the novices Ríocht na Midhe viii 8 : [in] dā toīsech c[e]lebar(ta ocus toīsech na mac lēgind) do muntir Cenannsa, Notitiæ as Leabhar Cheanannais 20.11 . toīsech na macc lēgind .i. Ōengus Ūa Gamna, 30.10 . t.¤ na scolóc the head of the novices (?) Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 , Peritia i 314 : toisech na scoloc, Misc. Arch. Soc. i 140.y . t.¤ teglaig chief of the household, major-domo: taiseach teglaig, Dinds. 149 . co rob e ba taisech teglaich ac Meidb, Ériu ii 182.14 . Cf. is iomdha ardtaoiseach do bhíodh ... ar an bhFéin, mar atá ... taoiseach caogaid amhail bhíos lieutenant ┐ taoiseach trí naonbhar amhail bhíos corporal, ┐ taoiseach naonbhair amhail bhíodh decurio ag an Rómhánach, Keat. ii 5164 - 69 .

Compd. ¤aire chief noble: airech tóisechaire, Sg. 50a26 . ¤gein first-born one: dliged in tuīsechgeine (gl. primgene), CB 162 § 43 gl. 1 .