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achtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. achtach or dil.ie/207

 

adj o, ā (? 3 acht): mo chara-sa Cnāmīne / caras īath nĒli n-a.¤ (echttach v.l.) (: marcach), Bruchst. i 71 § 166 (`rich in deeds', Meyer) ( Auraic. 5328 ). cath Cairn Ḟeradaig achtaig (: Connachtaib), LL 2064 . ? do rig aebna achtaige (: cachtaige), IT iii 11 § 16 = do ṡeig oebna achtige (: thige), 12.2 , do ríg æbna achthaige, 41 § 45. In chevilles: réim n-a.¤ , SR 7093 . fri imdel n-a.¤ , 2881 .

cob

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cob or dil.ie/9795
Last Revised: 2019

 

n [n. ? cf. ZCP iii 223 § 4 below. See also s. 2 cuib.] victory, chiefly in poetry and glossaries: c.¤ .i. būaid, Corm. Y 207 . c.¤ .i. caomh nó buaidh, O'Dav. 369 (c.¤ .i. buaid is in Duil Fedha, v.l.). Metr. Gl. Ff. 30 . Eg. 27 . c.¤ búaidh, is bríathar [lán]cert, Metr. Gl. Ff .50 = RC xx 154.12 ( ACC 4 , coph, LU 508 ). Cf. c.¤ a barrain, Laws v 22 n. 2 (in false etymology of escob). ba dia cobthaib, TBC(C) 153 = do búadaib, TBC-LL² 1320.154 , cophtoib, 156 . c.¤ n-uile n-adamra .i. ro bo buaid, ZCP iii 223 § 4 (B. na f.). = c.¤ uilide n-adamra 'victorious one' Sages, Saints and Storytellers 24 § 5 . ard in c.¤ (cheville), YBL 138b49 . ? Maga Cera i Connachtaib cuba (line hypermetric), Leb. Gab.(i) 100.y . In n. loc.(?): tūath in cuib, ZCP iii 466.1 .

1 cúairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cúairt or dil.ie/13327
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cōirt-, -rd

n [i], m., later f. Arch. cōirt-, see compds. c.¤ , -rd, f., IGT Decl. § 42 .

I

(a) circle, ring; circuit, circumference: ánus cuáirt `a circle', Sg. 59b13 . in chuartai frithsuidighthi gl. oppossitique orbes, Ml. 39c12 . dun chuairt gl. giro, 84a9 . a chuaird corcorgemmach its circlet of crimson gems (a brooch), LU 7400 ( BDD 100 ). cuaird (cuairde v.l.) bec . . . amal circáill ḟeta (necklet worn by Morann), IT iii 190 § 15 . cuaird uilche aos na fer midba, O'D. 1952 (Cod. Clarend. vol. 15, f. 7, p. 2 col. b) (see compds.). fochress cach cúaird immalaile etc. arranged themselves in concentric circles, LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). Cf. cuaird .i. buidhin ┐ is buidhen ar chath sunn . . . .uii. chuarda . . . ┐ .7. nimdha, etc. (= FB 55 ) ┐ isíat na .7. cuárda .i. .7. catha Ulad taken to mean troop, battalion , H 3.18, 608b5 , 7 , 8 ( O'Curry 1324 ). do ḟiannaib Erenn, cach cuaird im araili im Temraig `each (band) encircling the other around T.,' Ériu xii 182 § 13 (TE2). tanic Fiac ┐ a chuairt leis `circuit' (sc. the poets or druids on F.'s c.), Thes. ii 307.15 .

(b) circuit, globe (of heaven, earth); area, territory, district; inner space, enclosure: no línfed . . . in n-ule cuaird in talman gl. omnem terram, Ml. 25a8 , 11 . rígi inna huili cuarta, Trip.² 2106 `of the whole globe', Trip. 180.8 . cuairt ind richidh co noi ngradaib aingel `the circuit of the celestial vault', Ériu ii 106 § 17 . dá arrig dec . . . / cach for a chuaird . . . / for dá thuaith dec Israhél district (?), SR 7011 . caille comhfhada / cladh na cúarta-sa `circuit' (enclosure or district (?), cf. crioch, 4), BS 98.10 . cru tire do telluch .i. cuairt in tíre .i. guirtt .i. cro .i. ime, O'D. 415 ( H 3.17, 317 ), cf. Laws iv 20.5 . uii. cúarda . . . ┐ uii. n-imdada o thein co fraig circular compartments (?), LU 8730 ( FB 55 ). for cuairt an rígh .i. istigh i mbi an Rí (under heading dámh cháe na ngradh ffileadh), Ériu xiii 52.10 . See midchuairt. cuairt .i. crich . . . ma rofiastar a ratha a mignima in-óen chuairt urraduis .i. i n-aon crich urraduis sin `in one circle of urradas (the customary law of freemen)', O'Dav. 503 . iter da cuairt ingelta ro marbad é (a dead beast), O'Curry 2102 (H. 4.22, 76a). See comaithches, comingaire, comingelt, ingelt .

(c) circuit; a turn around, revolution : cuaird cech laithe a daily circuit (of horse-races), LL 25101 . en cuairt o oirrcir co hiartar an domain revolution, course (of moon), Ir. Astr. Tr. 108.22 . ? do chuir sé c.¤ air ághaidh a naigéin = he set a compass upon the face of the deep, Proverbs viii 27 (1827). Hence of a recurring event, turn : in cuairt muilinn, Ériu xvii 64 § 1 n. 4 `the circuit (`rotation') of the mill', see 62 , 63 . tossach cuarta in so doridisi, 76.5 . timchelsat teora cúarda cech ḟir díb ir-ríge .i. lxiii. (of 3 kings who held sovereignty in turn for a septennium), Dinds. 161 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn, LU 6699 (TBC). in tan rosiacht do Chua . . . c.¤ a cometa `his turn of guarding', Dinds. 157 . táinic naí cuarta fó[n] cath attacked the host nine times, CF² 1111 .

(d) circuit, tour, visitation, journey and related meanings: a cuardaib ane .i. a caí uird inna fíraí .i. inna fíréicsi poetic visitations, LL 24320 (see RC xxvi 18 § 25 ). for chuartaib cloth, Ériu xiii 38.15 . ni far cuairt parche do-coid `diocesan visitation', Wb. 21a12 . ɔral c.¤ fuirib-si gl. praeter[i]ens uideam uos, 7a4 . do dechaidh . . . / du cuaird is naibh hifernoibh `went . . . on a visit to Hell' (of Christ). Blathm. 696 . Felix fuair cuairt (cuaird, v.l.) céoldai `sojourn', Fél. Jan. 22 . rolá P. cuairt Lagen = migravit . . . ad fines L., Lat. Lives 61 § 53 . D. comarba Patraic for cuairt Muman, AU i 486.11 . mac in chléirig ar in cuairt `let the cleric's son go on the circuit', Ériu ix 49 § 29 . congbail tsenad na hEclaisi oc cuingid cuarda `visitation', Laws i 158.18 Comm. dia ndeochaid . . . ar cuaird ardrīg i nInis Bretan, Corp. Gen. 132.19 . tinoilis H. . . . slog mor . . . amal tísad for cuairt rig, PH 844 . cuaird Erend do chur co n-acamar a ndingnu, etc., Anecd. i 9.26 ( SCano 293 ). dochoid side (sc. a poet or druid) for cuairt i Connachtaib , Thes. ii 307.14 . cuirit . . . inn ēgis mórchúairt Hērenn ┐ Alban dia fochmurc the poets make the great tour of Scotland and Ireland to seek it (sc. the Táin), ACL iii 3.25 . dā mbeirt[h]ea dán lat bothúaid / . . . / nī budh lúgha let ale / nās ō chūairt Érenn uile, ZCP viii 109 § 9 . luidh-siumh (the young Molling) . . . do c.¤ na Lúachra wandered about L., RC xxvii 268 § 15 . ropo chūaird `a visit' (of a battle), Arch. Hib. ii 63 § 65 . mithigh cuairt a gceann Fhiacha it is time to visit F. (a patron), LBranach 2181 . logh an chuairt-se do-chuamar the visit I paid (to a patron) was payment, DDána 67.49 . taispenad a cuarta (.i. a n-imdeachta) `their journeys', Auraic. 193 . Of reconnoitring, etc.: luid Conall ┐ Bricriu du chur cúarta to search (for shelter for the night), LU 10579 ( Comp. CC 3 ). dolá F. cūairt co tarrla docum tighi, ZCP v 501.12 . gin a cuairt do cur without making a tour (of inspection) of it (a green), Laws iv 196.6 Comm.

(e) With following descriptive gen.: cuairt buadha `a triumphant visit', Ériu iv 112 § 1 . dia cuairt cairte .i. cuairt flathamnais, O'Curry 480 ( H 3.18, 250 ). a c[h]uairt certaigthe = his Visit iuridicall, RSClára 130b . ar cuairt chrábaid, SG 39.25 . dolluid . . . do chūairt ectra la Ulto `went upon a round of adventures in U.', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 § 3 . cuaird erlama `the visitation of a patron saint', Laws v 450.8 Comm. gl. sen-dliged, 4 . for cuairt gemridh a farrud rígh Osraigi (of a fili), Ériu xi 47.4 . O'D. 952 ( H 3.17, 666 ). níor mhian leis an lá do mhair / gan chuaird ollaimh 'n-a ḟochair (in elegy for prince and his ollamh), DDána 73.21 . cuaird retha canait / cínticha clíí (a division of poetry), IT iii 31.18 . is amlaid ro chiṅged ri Temrach for a chuairt rigi, RC xxiv 176.25 . lodsamar ar cuaird selgga `went on a hunting round', vii 304.1 . luidh-sen . . . do chuairt teglaig co a tiagherna, Anecd. ii 42 § 2 . See s.v. amsaine , cáe, cenél, rígdomnacht , 1 selg, scís.

(f) What is levied, or requested on a c.¤ , tribute, dues, claim (otherwise Contribb. 544 ): cuairt fer Midhe etir chill ┐ tuáith `visitation of, etc.' (i.e. collection of tribute from them), RC xvii 345.3 (Tig.). Moling . . . / dligidh cuarta ┐ cealla, Anecd. ii 23 § 14 . rocind . . . cūairt do-som uáid fēin a tribute was fixed for him from, etc., BColm. 88.10 . tabrat a cuart dom catraig `tribute' (claimed by ecclesiastic), Fen. 80.16 . co ttucc a lán chuairt etir screpall, ┐ edbarta `a full visitation tribute', AFM ii 894.17 .

(g) As attrib. and descr. gen.: i n-a cēidi c[h]uarta, ML² 1133 . mur ollamh cuarta . . . / na mes misi a mic Siobháin do not look upon me as a poet on a round of visitation, ZCP ii 348.18 . Note also: Fergus file . . . esgra márchuarta, Ériu xiii 30.14 . ar ḟior gcuarta visitor or guest, DDána 110. 21 .

(h) In legal contexts: ordaib neimid nuither cuardaib, Laws iii 26.6 .i. ordaithter . . . iar cae uird . . . cidbe cuaird i mbe `circle', 12 Comm. ni cuirithur cuaird for gablu fine `the succession shall not devolve upon, etc.' (of property), 78.20 . cuairt .i. tiumarguin . . . airbert i cuairt cach slan `restraint', O'Dav. 405 . ? cuairt saigeas a comnaidm la fear foirgeall fiadnaise, Laws iv 8.24 .

II In adv. and prep. phrases. Preceded by imm (fa) + an ( GOI 517 , 1 imm ) imma(c)cúairt round about, around ; im na insi immacuairdd (ma over line, note), Ml. 89d18 . forda-rubai . . . F. imma cúaird strikes them all around (?), MU² 1017 . secht n-imdai ó thein co fraig . . . imme cúaird, Fraech 66 . im chomm, Laws i 124.4 .i. ima cuairt, 134.3 Comm. is mar so gerrtur an crann sin fácuairt co gar do talam `round about near the earth', Maund. 160 . atá folach i sléib Fuait / do chuirfedh Eirinn má cuairt `set . . . on the move', SG 180.y (Acall.). a himpod ima cuairt `to whirl it (the discus) round', TTebe 2471 . ben fuil astu . . . fo guairt (maguairt, v.l.) le tingin `extract the blood all round' (from warts), Rosa Angl. 206.5 . imthighios fá gcuáirt = that goeth about, Proverbs xx 19 . Note: áonrotha . . . ┐ sé ima ccuairt = so compassed, RSClára 92b (appar. the Engl. (= contrived etc.) was misunderstood, Gloss.). With follg. IMM, etc.: fuslegar de immandelg immecuáirt `it (butter) is smeared all round the thorn' (in charm), Thes. ii 248.7 (Sg. Incant.). atacordat . . . imacúairt imon torad sin `roll about in the fruit', Ériu ii 192 § 3 . isiarsin dodechatar na fir immacuairt immi `then came the men all around him', RC iii 181.30 . tangas ma ccuairt orrtha `they were . . . surrounded, etc.', Rel. Celt. ii 202.37 . go mbeinn mágcuarda / idir na daoinibh duarca `should live with sullen men around', Ó Bruad. i 130.y . In phr.: don ch.¤ sea (aniugh, v.l.) on this occasion (lit. visit), at this time, Mer. Uil.² 149 . In prep. phr. i cuaird bethad brigadbuil `around the . . . world', Hib. Min. 39.5 . birt būaidh [n]-eaccna hi c.¤ Ēirenn all round (?) Ireland, ZCP viii 197.11 .

Compds. With nouns. cuart-anáir (: uachtaráin) Bhanbha `honour-circuit', Content. x 13 . inna cuairt roth `in its circle-wheel' (of particles of the host in the form of a cross), Thes. ii 255.4 (Stowe M.). See Plummer, KZ xxvii 445 . With ¤sel rotation, gyration, whirl (see Wortk. 47 , Celtica i 378-80 ): is cicul dūn ol in duine quasi dixisset is cuairdfell dun son, Corm. 10 cicul = cūairtfell, Corm. Y 264 . a gyrando on cuairtfell bis fuirre `circular flight' (of a goose), Corm. Tr. 88 gigrand. a coirib cuairdill `from whirlpools', Laws iii 422.11 Comm. a ro-domain, v 298.10 .i. caire cuairt-bill ┐ a murlochaib, 17 Comm. coirt-tobe gl. circumcissio, Wb. 23d24 (a prima manu). ¤ulchaige beard encirclement (the stage at which a boy becomes an adult) Críth G. 90 , ZCP xliv 167 . co cúairtulchaigi (-ulcaid MSS) lit. `encircling beardedness . . . or read c.¤ n-ulchaige ?' (Notes), Críth G. 67 , see p. 90 . With adj. delb chuairtchruind `shape of a round circle', Ériu ii 106 § 17 . ropo chúairddulchach , Críth G. 68 .

dolud, dolaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dolud, dolaid or dil.ie/18049
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dolud, doltai, dolluid, dolaid, dolaidhib, doluidh

n (see under solad) n s. dolud, Ml. 77d11 . n pl. doltai, 75d6 . n s. and g s. dolluid, IT ii2 245.45 . dolaid, CRR § 11 , SG 196.15 . d pl. dolaidhib, Lism. L. 2982 , Goid. 111 .

(a) distress, loss, damage, havoc: in dolud asmbersom the distress that he speaks of gl. merore, Ml. 77d11 . ambat foirclidi in doltai gl. negotiis testibus, 75d6 . leirigter doltai, Bürgschaft 30 § 79 . fo bith nár bu mó a solod . . . oldás a dolod, FB § 90 . Fiachnai mac Firgnai mogad | fúair solad nítá dolad, LL 149 marg. inf. cach fēine a folad .i. solad dolad, ACL iii 226 . ni bia a soladh no a doladh damhsa o sund imach, CCath. 4599 . romicfa lá, a Dé, in doluid, ACL iii 216 § 9 . ingreim dolud dommatu ` persecution, loss, poverty ', Triads 198 . beir faná dholaid ┐ faná dhígbáil co bráth, SG 291.6 . ? fo Laighnib in laechdolaid, 368.18 . acht go dtáir dhóibh gan doladh | tionól, ML 26.12 . dine can dolad a race exempt from adversity (?), Lec. 552a33 . dínaig im dolad, LL 729 . nach me fein is cintach re dolaidh da ndentai a bhos no thuas, Ulster Jn. of Archaeol. v 272 (O'Neill letters). tar éis gach dolaidh da ndernadh dhamhsa mur ata Ardmacha do losgadh . . ., ib. a dremm is déniu d.¤ `o people, quickest in havoc', Metr. Dinds. iii 348 . in cach níth ba dáel dolaid (: Findchoraid) (doilid, v.l.) `he was a beetle of havoc', 340 . is iongna liom croidhe cloiche | nach nglacann doladh trém chrích that does not feel distress, Oss. iii 250 . is doladh buan dá bheoghairm, Ó Bruad. iii 54.8 . Attrib. g s. gníomh doluidh oppressive deed (?), Gofraidh F. x § 15 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ) = doluigh taken as form of doilig, DDána 101.15 (: oruibh). In phr. téit i ndolaid is wasted, comes to naught : iondas nach rachadh mo tsaothar a ndolaidh oram 'lest my labour should be wasted (to my loss)', Carswell² 90.3147 .

(b) charge, imposition, burden: mét far ṅdolaid ┐ far murir dam, CRR § 11 . drem can dáire can dolad, Hy Fiach. 252.7 . doladh ┐ dorran ┐ dimicin, BB 426b38 . Dún Dubchomair cusna secht ndolaidhib bátar fris `the seven charges to which it was subject', Lism. L. 2982 . ona hulib dolaidib from all the charges, Goid. 111 . léic . . . a dígal foraindi . . . ┐ noaentaigset uli in doladsin they all accepted that charge, PH 2731 . an dolaigh rómhór do bhí aige air an ttír the heavy tax, ZCP ii 560.11 . fa trom an doluidh do Connachtaib iat, Celt. Rev. i 228 . ferann dolaidh uair m' anum taxed land (?), IGT Decl. ex. 247 . Cf. foirgneamh ar ferann dalaigh | aice a Athair charthannaigh (of the soul), Timth. viii 1918, 10 § 6 . gan sreith . . . gan daóirsi gan doladh do chor ar a nduthaigh, AFM v 1770.16 . daladh na dúbhroide `oppressive tribute', Ó Bruad. i 204 . ar ndíth Deiccill an dolaid D. of the tribute (?), SG 196.15 . mo roga tricha an bur tír | dam, gan doladh as d'airdrígh, Ériu iv 226.2 .

(c) hired band or troop: rofhasdó Brian dolaidh .i. Risderd Usdás, cetra fhichit gīomanach B. retained a troop, i.e. R.E. with eighty yeomen, ALC ii 370 . Clann Eogain . . . d' fhasdódh dholaid mhóir a n-aghaid Mic Diarmada, 382.5 . robhói an dolaidh sin . . . ar fedh an tíre agá milled, 18 . eirge amach sluaig ar in Ceapaigh: fasdogh dolaidh, cur asteach lóin, H 3.18, 13a . ní fuaradar an doladh, no an cuideachta sin, an díon, Leb. Gab.(i) 104 n. 1 .

fáebar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáebar or dil.ie/20997

 

Forms: fáebra, fáobhar

n o, m. (but n p. fáebra, LU 9617 ). fáobhar, IGT, Decl. § 17 .

I

(a) a sharp edge (of a sword or blade, also of a shield; seldom of pointed weapons): faobhar sgeo rinn, Ériu xiii 21.10 . mesir arm iarna ḟaobhruibh, 41.30 . hi fáebur in bélae the axe-edge LU 9027 (gloss) ( FB 77 ). ise in biail innraic ... tri meoir lethed a foebuir ..., O'Curry 884 (< H 3.18, 395b ). cromsciath co foebar condualach fair, TBC-I¹ 1158 = faebur chonduala, LU 5637 . cosmuiles in cloidim ar a mbitt in da faebur like a two-edged sword Laws v 222.25 Comm. dobert D. beim do faebur a gae tar mocoll ind lín, LU 1929 . la fáebru na ngaí, 8202 ( FB 15 ). meilid faebra, TBC-I¹ 3446 = melat fáebair, TBC-LL¹ 5831 . d'faebraip na tuagh ┐ na claidem, CCath. 5876 . faobar na sgene no na tuaighe, O'Dav. 1009 . mar ḟáobhar sgían mbearrtha IGT, Decl, 2043 . cuirfe sé fáobhair [sic] air a chloidheamh whet his sword Psalms vii 12 . gér amhuil cloidheamh dhá fáobhar, Proverbs v 4 . Of a bone: gérithir altan ... faebur a lurgan MR 20.3 .

(b) a sharp-bladed weapon: faibur .i. claideb (gl. machera) Ml. 75b11 . bla faebur `the exemption as to an edged weapon' Laws iii 236.23 . amal tregdas anmain duine foebur tria corp, ZCP iii 26.27 . dosoi foebar fri Fergail, RC xxiv 54.12 . grith faebair, Rawl. 124az = Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17.4 . i mbiat fáebra fri fáebra, LU 9617 ( ZCP iii 208 ). níngabat renna no airm no faebair itir, TBC-LL¹ 1263 . ni ba heccal dó faobhra nád gallra, BNnÉ 293.1 . (faobhair v.l.). rop scíath fri fóebra fégi, Hy v 97 . cen armu, cen fáebru, MU² 644 ( LL 266b44 ). cen inad rend ┐ arm ┐ fáebur do dénam de, MU² 331 ( LL 264b5 ). faibraib derggaib with red sword-blades Rawl. 115a45 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40.12 . iarna fóebraib fennad `after flaying them with sword-edges' Fél. Prol. 48 .

(c) a sharp-edged tool: saer istig ┐ faebhur, BB 25b33 = Leb. Gab.(i) i 46 . faebar la soer, Leb. Gab.(i) i 30 .

II Fig. keenness, sharpness; hence apex: faobhar ann ara fhertoiph `there is the acme of his mighty works' BNnÉ 284.32 . gan freagra faobhair without keen retort. Ó Bruad. iii 4 . an chruinne ar a fáobhar fúm, IGT, Decl. ex. 15 . Metaph: ? cis duar dían drongaighther i bfaobhraibh foimhdin, Ériu xiii 26.2 = i foebuir foimdib, O'Dav. 883 . in Laws, Comm.: orba for set n-imfaebair .i. ferann do-berar for conair .i. ime ada faebur, foebra la fine a cuingid cucu, foebrach léisi a aisec uaithi, Laws iv 46.25 . cuich in imaebur adeir ann? .i. ... faebur laisin fine im aisic don ingin ... ┐ faebur laisin ingin a aisic aris don fine (an explanation of im(f)aebair `double-edged, equivocal,' see Thurneysen, Ir. Recht 81 , 82 ), Laws iv 48.9 . fri (re) f.¤ coincidently with, at the time of: ni dernad do ulcc hi Connachtaib re faebar gabala rigi dosom achtmad oenslat ar sligid na Cruaiche, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 3 (= ALC i 268 ; corresp. to: re hucht gabhala, AFM iii 214.6 ).

III As npr. m.: Nemnuaill maic Faebair (a progenitor of Míl) Fianaig. 30.3 . o Chonand mac Febair, LL 6a45 . o Conaing mac Ḟaebhair, BB 27a9 . Conaing mac Faobhair, Keat. i 178 .

Compds. With adj. ¤derg: Cethern mac fial foebuirderg Fintain, TBC-I¹ 2760 = faebarderg red-bladed Ériu i 116.15 . Echaid faeburderg, LL 127b34 . Eochaidh Faeburderg, MacCarthy 296.2 . ¤gér sharp-edged: coibleng ... fuilech foebargher, Aen. 2371 . ¤glan clean- or bright-edged; epithet of javelins: i suaineamnaiph a fogad faebharglan, CCath. 5552 . ¤glas: gai fota faebarglas blue-bladed TBC-I¹ 2047 . As sobriquet, Eochaid Faeburglas, Rawl. 147a16 . LL 127b32 . ¤glicc skilful in wielding weapons: flaith na fian faebairglic, Acall. 664 . ¤nocht: bare-bladed (with unsheathed sword): a ḟlaith na fian faebharnochd, Acall. 1441 . ¤the: hot-edged, keen-edged: colg faobhairthe, TD 19.8 . sluagh f. ` keen-bladed host ' 3.21 . With subst.: ¤béim stroke with the edge of a weapon (?) TBC-LL¹ 1890 . ¤chless ` edge-feat ' name of a warlike feat: fáeborchles, LU 9291 . Ériu iv 30.9 . the edge of a weapon (?). TBC-LL¹ 1890 . ¤chless `edge-feat,' name of a warlike feat fáeborchles, LU 9291 . Ériu iv 30.9 . faeborcless, LU 5969 = TBC-I¹ 1501 . imma chromscíath ... cona bil áithgéir co tescfad finna i n-aigid srotha ... inbaid fogníth ... fáeborchless di is cumma imthescad dá scíath ┐ dá sleg ┐ dá chlaideb, LU 6433 = TBC-I¹ 1919 . dogni ... faeborchles don claidiub imma chend, BDD 148 . uii. bfaobhairchleasa, ZCP x 287.2 . ic faebarchless chlaideb uastu LL 266a10 ( MU² 541 ). Fig. in faebarchles feichemnais sin `this feat of accusation' MR 298.8 . Hence adj.: fálairbi ferrda ... faebar-clesach Frangc ` sword-dexterous ' MR 214.17 . ¤gal keen valour: rī ... co faebargail, Rawl. 85a5 . ¤gleó combat with sword or weapons TBC-LL¹ 3213 . ¤glond exploit or deed of arms: fri fúam febda faebarglonn, SR 6790 . ¤nél an edged, i.e. lightning-shedding cloud: re feirg bfaoboirnél bfuiglech `of the armed ( jagged ?) vociferous clouds' O'Gr. Cat. 451.11 .

ferannus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ferannus or dil.ie/21688

 

n o, m. landed property or the possession of such: do rannsat Alpain eturru i ḟ.¤ , Thr. Ir. Gl. 29 s.v. mogh eime (= feranda, Corm. Y 883 . Bodl.). co tuc a feranus do Elena, Aen. 127 . nā leic foirb na fearandus do inti, TTebe 634 . ro gabh forba ┐ f.¤ ind Achad D., BNnÉ 11.6 . rígh ... rogabh flaithius ┐ forlamhus ┐ fearannus ar Thuathaibh D.D., Flower Cat. 334.29 . fer fedma ┐ ferannuis moir do rig Connacht steward and land-agent ALC i 266y . intan bui i f.¤ (= on his estate ), CCath. 209 . gan Báiréadach ... i bhfearonnus dhóibh `in possession of any lands there' Hy Fiach. 338y . in damna rig ropo mo ferannas boi a Connachtaib, ar rop e fed a feraind o Corrsliab ... co Caelusce, Ann. Conn. 1307 § 10 . cid dobere dam am réir | ... an ba manchine ... | in ba féith nó in ferannas?, BColm. 48.28 . In: i lanamnas ┐ i f.¤ , Cóic Con. p. 41 § 62 the meaning is not clear.

2 fotha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fotha or dil.ie/24156

 

Forms: fotha, fothu

n (same word as 1 fotha ?) charge, feed, full (of a mill, vessel, etc.) ; ration, complement (of food). Here O'Curry (MS Gloss. in RIA) would put intan dorat [Colum Cille] in cét-fota (-ḟoda v.l. LB) isin mulenn, Lib. Hymn. i 63 (Praef. Altus Prosator). ba do géscaib ... f.¤ muilind Mail odrain, Hib. Min. p. 71 (= Fél. 134.17 , AFM 647 , AU 650 ; foda, RC xvii 191 . cf. muilenn Cilli C. ... ni meil nach fota [added above] ingaidi, BB 257a37 (Todd. Todd Nenn. 216 = arbur gaide, H 3.17, c. 727.7 ). xl damh dia fothu, IT 109.2 (= Sc.M² p. 22 ; of Mac Dá thó's pig, cf. `lx gamnach dia biathad' in preceding stanza). .vii. mc ochta cona f.¤ d'iasc ┐ di ēnaib ... complement IT ii 173.8 ( YBL 114b15 ). in cauradmir cona fodaí [fotha, Voss. ; leg. fothu, Thurn l.c. ScM. p. 26 ] di lind, LU 9166 ( FB 90 ). Some of the foregoing may be fig. uses of 1 fotha (a). Transf. of tribute or dues : conid he sin f.¤ Finnchua a Connachtaib `F.'s feed' Lism. L. 3155 (cf. fothad, c). lestar aile tria ḟ.¤ | a medon in morsrotha for its supply' [for a reason ?] ZCP viii 266 § 35 .

See fothad.

2 ingor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ingor or dil.ie/28693
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: n-I.

adj o, ā undutiful, unfilial, impious: rop smachtaid coisc cáich mbes i.¤ `to check everyone that may be undutiful,' Tec. Corm. § 6.42 . cuirídh neimh for ttengadh fair, for mac n-i.¤ , AFM i 508.5 . do aos ionghair na ndart romtháir `impious,' Ó Bruad. ii 140.3 . pn As epithet : for Āed n-I. (i.e. Āed Oirdnide, high-king A.D. 793), ZCP xii 234 § 47. Compar. ní ba hingaire nech aile día mathar-macne oldás .i. do Connachtaib `no child will be less pious' (of Conall Cernach), Cóir Anm. 251.

mac ingor freq. in Laws in sense of a son who fails to comply with the duty to maintain his parents in old age; cf. macc úar, Ériu xlvii 197 : foceird a athair mac ingor a horba, ocus foceird a orba fri nech do gni a gaire `the father flings his unfilial son out of the land, and gives the inheritance to another who supplies his maintenance,' (transltd. Atk., Glossary s.v. ingor), Laws iii 52.17 . gach mac beoathur ... .i. mac gor ocus mac i.¤ , ii 288.x Comm. leath catu caich dia mnai, no dia gormac ... cethraimthi a eniclainni dia mac ingoir, v 70.x Comm. in mac saerleicthi, ocus in mac i.¤ `to the emancipated son, or the disobedient son,' i 90.16 Comm.

As subst. an impious person, an undutiful person: ar chuingid inna soinmech i mbiat ind ingoir `because of seeking the prosperity in which the impious are,' Ml. 56b15 . med brithemnachtae dae hua ndamnither int i.¤ gl. qua deprimitur impius, 57d8 . á ingru `ye impious,' 76c1 . iar céssad la hingru `at the hands of impious men,' Fél. May 23. hi comairli na pecduch no ina hingoir (inaniggair, v.l.), Hib. Min. 470. trí[ar] ná ditoing ná fortongar : ben, angar, amlabar `a son who does not support his father,' Triads § 159. In abstr. sense impiety (?): is ed imme-folngi ír ┐ ingar ┐ debaith i cach tegdais 'this it is that causes anger, impiety (?), and discord in every dwelling' Ériu xx 170.98 .

1 los

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 los or dil.ie/30698
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: loise, lois, loss, losa

n o, m. Appar. also ā, f. g s. loise, ZCP ii 556.21 , d s. lois, RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.) (= los, CS 274.16 ; loss, AFM ii 842.21 ), n p. losa, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 37a ).

I

(a) end, butt, foot, point (of a staff, stick, etc.): focherded a bunsach ríam conda gebed ar loss resíu dorótsad a bun for lár, LU 4869 . co lois na Bachla Issa, RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.). do sgeinn tobar uisge a ndiaig loise na bachaille, ZCP ii 556.21 (= cos, see 19 ). gurab tré bhonn Aonghusa do chuir Pádraig l.¤ a bhaichle, Keat. iii 361 (= rinn, 363 ). buille do l.¤ a throsdain with the butt-end of his staff, ZCP x 10.10 . sciath . . . co n-a loss imthróm iarnaide, LL 189b2 . croch . . . a mbel na piasta, ┐ a cros rena carpat uachtarach ┐ a ll.¤ rena carpat ichtarach, Laud 610, fo. 8a (Plummer MS. notes). tucadur leó he co l.¤ na croichi (pes crucis), Smaointe B. Chr. 3999.

(b) stem of a drinking-horn(?): go n-a naoi gcornaibh do (leg. co?) losaibh óir, Ériu i 95.3 . Of altar vessels: ceithri corn (g pl.) . . . robris imorro ┐ tall a n-innmusa ┐ a lasa[d] (leg. losa) dibh, AU ii 226.9 = lossa, AFM iii 110.4 .

(c) tail of an animal; tip of the tail(?): l.¤ .i. erball, O'Cl. iss ithi lochad co a llos. Slucid iarum erboll na llochad, RC xiii 446 § 30 . luchóg go n-a l.¤ do shlogadh, Keat. ii 2521 . nuimir mor do deilgnibh iarnaidhe ar a losaibh, Aisl. Tond. 104.15 . By extension, of a cloak: bruitt dubglassa fá loss i forcipul impu, TBC-LL¹ 4359.

(d) By transf. gain, increase, result : dober . . . luth ┐ nert céit in gach fer acuibh . . . ┐ dober loss ┐ solad daibh arnach bid urcra, RC xiv 36 § 28. ? crābud in buirb co n-indmus, l.¤ diūit nit goire a grīs, ZCP vii 311 § 16.

(e) In particular, produce or young of cattle , usually in contexts where the cattle, through having been stolen or temporarily forfeited, have been in the possession of others not their owners, and during this period have calved: l.¤ .i. fas, Lec. Gl. 326 (M 139) . l.¤ .i. na laigh, O'D. 1122 ( H 2.15A, 56 ). ní fo-roxla taide no cnet . . . as-renar cona fuillem co ndiablad aithgine, mad marbdile; mad beodile co n-as ┐ l.¤ ┐ fuilled ┐ fuillem `Jungen', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 . as ┐ l.¤ ┐ geart `Junge (die Kälber)'. ZCP xv 240 § 3 . icuidh aithgin a chota gan l.¤, gan as, gan inorbairt he pays the exact amount of his share without the natural increase, Laws iv 256.15 Comm . (of one who had absconded without payment of his share of a debt but his `fine' had paid it for him. On his return he must pay simply the original amount of his liability). techta fuillema gill dobeir ben bo-aireigh ┐ occaireich la Feine; ni taibret . . . acht lusaib a cethra `they give but in the produce of their cattle' (something omitted before lusaib?), v 386.26 . madh geall do berur fri fiachuibh ┐ bidh l.¤ for in fiach, dia mbe fonuidm in luis is a ícc, i 280.13 , 14 Comm . muna be fonuidm . . . ní híctur acht colunn náma; ┐ taisiuc in gill, cid geall luis, 17 Comm . co fuillem .i. mblechta, no losa .i. innuth, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 379 ) (see indad). cona buar bera acht leth loss, . . . .i. . . . leith in neich ro losustar acut . . . , O'Curry 440 ( H 3.18 237a ). scaile[d] a set arin los, Laws v 438.12 Comm . (? = `alienating the principal for interest on it', Plummer MS. Notes).

II In prepositional phrases and compounded with oen has the meaning end, purpose, consequence (perh. also in: cáit assa tecait? . . . nó co lus tíagait `to what end?', Acall. 6285 ): oen-lus (see also ar oen-lus, below) intention, set purpose : guach cach brathum, aen-lus ┐ taige (= táide) `intentional or with concealment', Laws v 458.5 . it comarda a n-eiric aen-lus ┐ taige, 10 .

ar óen-lus intentionally, deliberately : nach ar ealguin . . . na ar aonlus, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 Q 6, 37a ). im cāinte . . . ┐ gona . . . cid ar aon lus dognethur ni digbunn a laneineclunn ium nech, Laws i 58.14 Comm . benaimsi in cluiccīn sae / . . . ar ōenlus / co nā hesboi Doelgus daith, Cáin Ad. 18 . as mor na coirthe do chomaentaigh sibh do denam ar oen l.¤ gl. mor bar ccionta comraite, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 n.7 . mad ar oenlus asbera nech in goi `deliberately', Ériu vii 158.7 . banbeim ar aenlus, . . . sarughudh ar aenlus, Laws iv 364.4, 6 Comm . ? Amloṅgaid ān Ōengus / attreb tōeba Temro, dosnort aridn-ōenlus (? leg. arind o.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 4 (`by his sole strength', Hail Brigit p. 7 ). Also d'óenlus: ba fora iarair d'aonloss do dheochattar, Hugh Roe² 10.13 .

a l.¤ , ar l.¤ , di l.¤ , i l.¤ l. (a) in consequence of, as a result of, on account of: a l.¤ a carut, Laws ii 280.16 (see ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ). l.¤ .i. son, as bhar l.¤ .i. as bhar son, O'Cl. a láimh gach [aoin] aigérus asa l.¤ who shall sue on their account, O'D. 547 ( H 3.17, 436 ). ba cara doib Gorthigern a l.¤ a mna, LU 232. ro gab eacla . . . Find assar l.¤-ne on our account, Acall. 6506 . a ll.¤ crochi Crist didiu nach ecail lind gorta, LB 233b48 . ro mallachtastair Noe Cam a ll.¤ a nderna, BB 5a2 . saiget do chur i Maoilechlainn . . . ┐ a écc as a l.¤ in consequence, AFM iv 800.11 . ar l.¤ corbaidh mhna Cuind `because of the depravity', Ériu iii 154.29 . ar l.¤ aimlesa `on account of a false charge', Ann. Conn. 1254.7 . tú ós ar gcinn-ne, a chros Eoghain, / m'inmhe ar a l.¤ laighdeobhaidh, DDána 65.4 . Similarly, ar losaib: ar losaibh dhoirre Domhnaill `because of D.'s anger', Studies 1924, 242 § 8 , cf. ar losain [leg. losaibh ?] an trír do thuit / an tír fa chosaibh Cormuic for the sake of (the sons of Uisnech). Aithd. D. 6.31 . truagh a Mhuire ar lén da l.¤ , L. Cl. A. B. 142.99 . cf. 138.95 . do thromluigh ceas lonn dā l.¤ , Hackett liv 24 . a marbad i llos na n-eladhan sin do beith acco, Acall. 6094 . 'na l.¤-sain 'na loighe atá, DDána 79.12 . go gcailltear a l.¤ an bháis an onóir shaoghalta leis na daoinibh bhíos mórdha ré linn a mbeatha (? simply after), TSh. 916.

(b) by means of, by dint of, by virtue of: a ll.¤ a lín is a craind / Beoan iascairi Comgaill / dosrat, LU 3071 . ceṅglaidsi in fersain a llus nirt, LL 2545 . ro briss a ll.¤ chlaidib chróin / for síl n-airdairc ṅHerimóin / cath Éle, 2000 . nocor' gabh Iúil Césair . . . a l.¤ a lámha, CCath. 68 . gur tairrnccedar . . . an chruit as a lambuibh a los éiccin by main force, Ériu iv 61 § 52 . tairccsin mheallta muinntire Brenainn don diabhal hi llos ítan, BNnÉ 63 § 90 . dochuaid as ar l.¤ a lama, Ann. Conn. 1230.7 . ni claidhfidis fir in talman . . . ar l.¤ nirt na nidhecais é, ZCP vi 44.29 . ar lus na lethláim (sic) using one hand only(?), TBC-LL¹ 2123 (see Études Celt. iv 317 ). dia mbēraind hi lloss retha hí don ḟēin uile, ZCP xii 375.12 . bith a deimin accutt nach i lus ghaile inā gaiscid rachu isin inad naobh sin, Grail 3745 . ? dorala Arcomenus . . . a lloss claidib fri Hechtoir `came to blows with', TTr.² 960.

(c) Of dragging by: a ngabail a l.¤ a mullaig eiste, . . . a tarrung a l.¤ a putrull mun dighsit cena (of an abbot expelling monks), Laws v 208.26 - 27 Comm . coro thairṅgiset . . . chucu in ṁboin sin loch a llus a herbuill, LL 21197 . a tócbail a ll.¤ a fuilt `by the hair of her head', PH 1394 . rotharraing Concubar Ilbreach a l.¤ a chinn chuigi, Caithr. CC 45.15 .

(d) about, concerning : ro doilbit sceoil bregi imda . . . a llus Cesair, CCath. 750. cf. Hugh Roe² 236.21 . scēl lem a llus na mbennacht / fa ḟūair Muiri mōrchendacht concerning(?), ACL iii 244 § 3 . cidh drochcelmaine atcluinim asa loss, CCath. 4051 . a ll.¤ tuarastail, RC xviii 271.30 (Tig.). sith do denam . . . risna hespocaib . . . ar lus feraind Patrisius hi Connachtaib , Ann. Conn. 1241.12 (`on account of').

(e) in charge of, concerned with (cf. i mbun): mac in chírmaire a llus chír, LL 18797 . da m-bammar ac Scathaig / a llus gascid gnathaig, TBC-LL¹ 3466 . in t-aél a llus in bíd / iss ed as chubaid ra hardríg, LL 300ay . fiarfaighis de in bó lonn leis beith a ll.¤ proinne na manach, BNnÉ 28 § 31 .

(f) about to: in tan adconnairc Lusus a athair do thoitim, ┐ Aenias a l.¤ a chind do buain de `about to shear off', Aen. 2631 . truagh fós, gan faicsin t'fhiodhbhadh / liom, ar l.¤ mo cheiliobhradh, Celtica iv 116 § 8 .

Compds. (i) With adj. ¤ard: ? scoirpioin In[d]ecda ba l. side luagh a n-iarcomlai foraib, BB 494b36 = scorpíon Indecda dorala for a iarcómla a mboi ina sesum, Alex. 705 . ¤chael: mil . . . / liath luath loscael, IT iii 43 § 56 ( ¤chlaen, v.l. 14 § 30 ). ¤glan: cethri cuirnd losglana im loinn fair-shanked, Fen. 370.16 . ? ¤ḟinn white-tailed, white-tipped(?): cet ndart flann, cet ndairti loisinn, O'Curry 784 ( H 3.18, 367a ).

1 ráith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ráith or dil.ie/34769
Last Revised: 2019

 

in phrase de (do) ráith.

I As nominal prep. folld. by gen., in place of, instead of, on behalf of, passing into sense for the sake of, on account of. raith nó do raith .i. ar son, O'Cl. is di ráith dée dobeir dígail fort, gl. Dei minister est, vindex in iram, Wb. 6a14 . asrir in sinnach n-allaid | do ráith a aithig she gave the wild fox for her vassal , Hy. v 61 ( Thes. ii 342.2 , glossed: dar cend in truaig, ib. 24 ), cf. 87 . ba hord . . . na téged in rí fein isin cath, acht a thuarcnid flatha dia ráith, ZCP viii 317.20 . luid . . . do raith a hathar, ib. 21 . aingeal . . . no mheiled do raith Coluim Cille (i.e. used to do C.'s share of the grinding), Lism. L. 851 , cf. 4100 . adber[ta]tar ba herlum leo techt cum bais da raith Alaxandir they were ready to die in place of A. , IT ii2 103.34 ( BB 497a26 ). am ráth-sa dia rāith-sium nodgéba I am surety for (the salvation of) him who shall sing it , Fél. Ep. 165 . is aire dagníthea in cluchi sein accu-sum do ráith anma a carat for the benefit of their friends' souls , LL 241a18 ( TTr. 1806 ). gach aen gebhus paiter do raith a anma, AU ii 406.19 . canadh Aue Maria do raith anma gach aoin, Fl. Earls 154 z ; cf. 212.12 , 216 z , Cog. 82.8 , ITS xix 14.9 , Hugh Roe 326.7 (f. 84b) . dognithe firta . . . di raith in chind do beth ocai by virtue of possession of the head , PH 945 . go ttiocfa do rath bhar mbeannachd . . . go mbeith ola na ccrann-so 'na leighes in virtue (as a result) of your blessing , Parrth. Anma Preface . ? uaim do rinn .i. corob do rinn na cethramthan do raith araile, IT iii 30.2 (cf. ZCP vi 263.2 ), i.e. so that the final word of the quatrain may correspond to (alliterate with) the first word of the next? (see definition IT iii 121 ).

II As adv. the sense is not clear; oft. translated at once, straightway, also altogether, completely , a rendering borne out by the gloss in H 3.18 p. 534 : do raith .i. uile, two citations being given as illustrations, from Metr. Dinds. i 14.22 and BDD 63 (both given below). The meaning altogether, completely, entirely or downright seems applicable in nearly all follg. exx.

bae [dígal] deithbir do ráith | dirain for deichtreib dimbláith, SR 6545 . ní rag-sa co ndecha mo aigidecht dí ráith isind aidchi-se innocht ( my entire guesting, rations ?), LU 6987 ( BDD 63 ), where Stokes translates at once (but in vocab. gratis). ben forcurtar i cathuir, na foccuir co ndichet do raith, Laws v 272.6 (text); `a woman who is forced . . . who does not scream out until he has just escaped' ( until he gets clean away ?). ní cluintir din gárbthóraind sin acht lánbec do ráith, LU 2072 ( FA 14 ) = acht bec nammá, LB (cf. Anglo-Ir. `very little entirely'). Conchobar ann . . . ina charpat ┐ Dectiri a siur ara belaib do raith, IT i 136.22 ; Gwynn, Metr. Dinds. i 62 suggests `together'; perh. right in front of him. Scotta . . . Fial . . . Odba, Díl da iṅgin Miled | dia síl ros-rimed do raith (: cáich), LL 137a43 ( RC xlvii 293.16 , `O. and D. are numbered among his seed first of all'); passage enumerates the Milesian women ; they all are numbered among his seed ? Buirech focheird uad do ráith | dar in múr, Metr. Dinds. ii 84.49 (`straightway'; right over the wall ?). is inde atá . . . coimgned, comamserad cáich, | cech ríg diaraile do ráith, Metr. Dinds. i 14.22 ; `in it [the Saltair Temrach] is set down . . . the correlation . . . of each king one with another together '; in full, in entirety ? ba gním do raith a ndognith (: tráig), Fianaig. 30.23 ; `whatever he did was an instantaneous deed'; a deed entirely, out and out ? a Dún Tulcha tíar do ráith, Ériu iv 150 § 30 ; `in the west away'; right in the west (extreme limit, oppd. to Lebáin `Lebanon' in follg. line)? gen g[u] roisim tossach do raith, nachum-legid fo deiridh `though we do not get quite the first place', Aen. 1007 . Cf. also citat. from Trip. 44 at end of article. i nEriccó, dia torcratar do raith secnt múir na cathrach ┐ dia ro benad in t-ochtmad múr, PH 8014 ( had fallen altogether, entirely ? Gwynn, Metr. Dinds. i 62 , suggests together ). cia . . . nách greisfider im dénum maithiusa . . . acht in tí mí-imerthar do ráith ón bethaid daenna? (= nisi qui vita humana decipitur), 4658 ; altogether, wholly ? coro miscnigea na drochdoíne . . . ┐ corusindarba do raith as a [fh]laithius, 4192 ; `at once', Atk.; altogether ? (The physician amputates a limb) ar dáig . . .narub guasacht báis don duine mine tesctar do raith on churp in ball sin, 4225 . ni frith la Connachtaib . . . laech a thairisme hi comromaib, ar roba lesc leo a marbad do ráith, Hib. Min. 55 § 17 ; `they were loath to be slain on the spot'; to be slain outright or to be all slain ? coros-anaic T. . . . in tan ro fuabair in cathmilidh a dilgend do ráith, TTr.² 732 ; `just when . . . had begun to destroy him'; when . . . was about to destroy him utterly ? dorónta múir móra . . . immon Troí . . . Dorónta fochlói ┐ rátha móra impe do ráith, ib. 197 ; `first of all (?)', Stokes; right (completely) round it ? dorochratar a ndis ar lár . . . ro marbadh do raith Tiopraite ┐ ro bai ainim i nDonnchadh, BNnÉ 32 § 47 ; `T. was slain at once'; outright ? an creach do breith docum Atha S. ┐ a marbadh ann do raith, idon .cccc. bo, AU iii 350.7 ; `the prey . . . was killed there straightway'; wholly, the entire number ? mūiti . . . onni as mutus .i. amlabar; ni airsinni batis amlabar di raith, air itat a fhoghuir intib `not because they would be speechless (i.e. soundless) altogether ', Auraic. 470 . airdibdad . . . for sailig ┐ for ferna . . . .i. orro dibdudh .i. a mbricht ass di raith `their becoming deleted altogether', 1282 . taobomna die dtogaiph h cend conad marbh do raith, a consonant with which h appears, so that it expires (becomes soundless) completely ?, 4463 , cf. 1408 and ZCP xvii 289 .

Following a neg., seems used to make the negation absolute: ro radi frisin ben blāith: `na tabair laim frim do rāith', SR 3182 ; do not lay hand on me at all ? ma thecait Ulaid ind, ní thechiub-sa da ráith itir, TBC-LL¹ 5020 ; `werde ich nicht auf der Stelle fliehen', Wind.; I will not run away at all ? dessetar a buiden impe. Act ci atberam-ni and so, ni destetar de ráith itir, acht a ṅglúini fri lár doib, 5199 ; but though we say `sat down', they did not sit at all but only knelt ? Cf. 5096 . ní ṡloind senchas . . . mna na rríg rigda do ráith history does not mention the wives of the [above] royal kings at all ? LL 141b17 ( RC xlvii 314.26 ).

The follg. expression is obscure: ró fergaigestar in rí fri P. ┐ dochuaid do raith leis a marbad, Trip. 44.28 (= voluit eum occidere, Lat. Lives 7.4 ; `wished (?) at once to kill him ', Stokes); same phrase occurs 58.28 ( Lat. Lives 12.1 ); do ráith is glossed: do lathair in both exx. in ACL iii 14.23 , 16.32 . The subj. of dochuaid is evidently the vn.; perh. went (agreed) with him ( suited his inclinations) entirely ? cf. BDD 63 . Cf. further: Rumial limm do ráith | os cind cáich co cert, KMMisc. 255 § 13 ; ib. § 10 ; Ráphíal do ráith riumm, 254 § 5 ; where the sense may be ( may) R. (be) with me altogether.

rígad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rígad or dil.ie/35268

 

u, m. (vn. of rígaid) the act of making or crowning a king or chief; installation, coronation : rigdomna ┐ ríg arna rigad, LL 43b51 . luid Uespiam do Róim dia rigad, LB 153a44 . do rígh Cruachan . . . 'ga rioghadh hi Connachtaib , BNnÉ 258.26 . AFM vi 2322.7 . g s. i cinn leth-rāithi tar eis a righthe, AU iii 328.24 (a. 1488) . a ndigail an rigtha-sin, Ann. Conn. 1257.6 . In fig. sense: bec leis rígad cech fir úan to make each of us a king , Metr. Dinds. iv 160.218 .

sainred

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sainred or dil.ie/36030

 

Forms: sainreth, sun(n)rad, sonnrad, sunnradh

n u or o, n. later m. (1 sain). In O.Ir. freq. sainreth. In later Mid.Ir. generally sun(n)rad, sonnrad. sunnradh m. (g s. n p. -raidh, -artha), IGT Decl. § 49 (102.13) .

I

(a) peculiar property or characteristic, distinguishing an individual from others: a sainreth gl. proprium, Sg. 26b10 , 14 . is s.¤ do gl. speciale Ml. 44d5 . attáa lemsa a s.¤ -sa `I have this peculiarity', Wb. 32a5 . derscaigthetaid .i. a s.¤ techtas nech sech cách gl. praestantia, Ml. 37b8 . sainretha nó etarscarthi gl. vasa . . . sancta, 37b1 . sainretha .i. noiba gl. sanctos, 37b4 . Cf. 37a18 . With gen.: s.¤ n-eulais leu isin dan frisgníat sech cách, Ml. 37b12 . s.¤ litre gl. proprietatem, Sg. 6b25 . iss ed sainreth pronominis a shuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius gl. proprium est pronominis, 27a1 . sunnradh anmann ughdar shenchais . . . Érenn `a particular list of names', Geneal. Tracts i 4.1 . As pred. with copula folld. by DO proper to, characteristic of: is s.¤ doib insin .i. epert gue gl. quibus est familiare mendacium, Ml. 31b12 . s.¤ do daltu anisiu, Wb. 27d18 . is sainreth do interiecht guth formúigthe, Sg. 9b18 . sainreth do maccaib a pélogud, 45b6 . fobith is [s]ainred do Dróbéiss tonnem caín and for D. is noted for beautiful salmon, Trip.² 1697 . sainreth gním dogníth la D. distinguished the deed (?), LL 36a11 .

(b) in IGT state of being definite, act of making definite, a particle making a noun definite : ceithre sunnartha na Gáoidheilgi, tulshunnradh, ┐ sunnradh innsgne, ┐ sunnradh an táoibhréime, ┐ sunnradh an anma baisde; ┐ tigthear le sunnradh do bheith san iollradh mur so: `dá fhear' no `dá throich' the four (ways of making) definite nouns, by means of prefixed article, possessive, following genitive, and proper names, IGT Introd. § 15 (7.8) . Día nimhe, lochdach sunnradh air . . . gan shunnradh gach ní oirrdhearc énaránach, ib. ( 7.13 ). an fearsa, cóir; fearsoin . . . lochdach . . . óir ní cóir barr gan shunnradh, ib. ( 7.27 ). séimhiughadh sunnartha aspiration caused by article, § 68 (17.19) . easbaidh sunnartha (a metrical fault), § 2 (2.26) . iarmbérla sunnartha . . . mur tá don, no ón, no san. Fear, focal neamhshunnartha; an fear, focal sunnartha, § 15 (7.20) (participial form ?). See tulṡunnrad.

II Generally used as an adv. in dat. case either alone or preceded by the article or prep. DO (DI) to qualify a word or a statement. Frequently in a particularizing statement follg. a more general one, to be precise, more exactly : amal nad finnatar sidi cia loc sainriud dia regtais `to what particular place they would go', Ml. 99b10 . duérglas soilse sainriud . . . do imthimchiull in choimded `a special radiance', 120d2 . is do as[sa]raib intsainriud `of the Assyrians in particular', 35a8 . doluid D. . . . inna ndunad ┐ luid co port i mbói in rí indsainriud, 55c1 . hisind luc sin indshainriuth, Sg. 8b6 . togu damsa . . . túsu indsainriud dia nertad sech cách you of all others, PCr. 2a2 . seta in duine cu coitcend . . . ┐ ni seta oenduine sainrud, PH 4011 . sechum na peccaid dia domnaig saindrud especially on Sunday, 7360 . ní haigne sainrad `as such', Laws i 92.29 Comm . is edh tra sainriud i ragab cach dibh a ughtaras these are the authorities on whom they relied in particular, 24.x Comm . ceth sainriuth dotuic forsin meis[s]iu? what particular reason placed you on this dish? Irish Texts i 11 § 33 = Lism. L. 325.x . ni rabi ic íarraid a dorais don t-ṡainruth itir, acht ra minaig beirn he was not looking for its door in particular but broke a breach, TBC-LL¹ 5137 . cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal? . . . I nEgipt. Ocus cia airm sonnrud? . . . I mmaigh Ucca, Auraic. 16 . iss airi is dia tochmarc sainrud ludi C. it is on this account that C. went to woo her above others, LU 10190 . inna mná aile bátár con ríg . . . .i. Eithne . . . in t[s]inrud E. in particular, 4239 . ba saeth mor la D. inn t-sinnruth, IT i 138.27 . in fad sin do tshinnrudh, Stair Erc. 54 . laad snechta an gemrid do sunnrad, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36.11 . aidchi samna do sonrad, RC xxiv 178.17 . do Connachtaib dó . . . do clannaibh Bríain . . . an tsainnrith, BNnÉ 11 § 1 . cur' bhó sanntach um crudh ┐ um ór he do sunnraid , Lism. L. 292 . marbthar Zacarías . . . itir in altoir ┐ in tempul sáinnrud, LB 144a51 . fóidit . . . Balam in druí uadib . . . ┐ láir amail eoch fóa dishundrad, 122b52 . on lúan re samain sáinriuth cossin cetáin iar n-imbulc precisely, TBC-LL¹ 2472 . a cínn a secht mbl[iadhna] deg do sinnr[u]d, RC x 187.21 . do feraib [Hérenn] a cenēl, do Ultaib intshainnriuth, ZCP iv 45.26 . fuair se bás fa cend sé la iar sin adhaigh domnaich cincísse do sundradh, BCC 406.29 . itir gach nech da tanic ann tanic Sir H. do shinnrud . . . ann, ZCP vi 90.34 . in ix. ad laithi a raith samraid do sunrad sin, MR 114.3 . oidhche Cascc do shonradh, AFM vi 1882.5 . bheith for a ccionn ag Scéith Ghabhra an tsainridh, 1876.2 .

samailt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. samailt or dil.ie/36128

 

n [f.] late form of 1 samail.

(a) likeness, resemblance; apparition: táncatar samalta dorcha na haidchi the gloomy shades of night, Acall. 1620 v.l. (or to be referred to samalta?). do chonnairc sé samhuilt bráthar eile phantom, Eochairsg. 113.8 . do connarcas samhailt nathrach neimhe ar luamhain san aieor, Keat. iii 2370 . do rug O. ruathar . . . gur bha samhuilt le garbheas so that he resembled a fierce waterfall, CFEg. 241 .

(b) the like of, such a: is minic tarla a shamhailt sin do mhalairt ar anmannaib na naomh `a change of name of this kind', Keat. iii 1598 . nach raibh . . . a shamhailt súd | a bpearsainn, Oss. iv 272.11 . mo léan nach faicim a shamhailt . . . | ar mhéin . . . ar aigneadh, Keat. Poems 1469 .

(c) as vn.: crech mor . . . do denam do Mac G. ┐ do Mac F. for Connachtaib ┐ Aed mac E. do s.¤ doib d' aithrigad `as they supposed', Ann. Conn. 1294.13 = `seemed to be deposed', AU ii 384.2 = do shamhlucchadh `was attempted to be deposed'. AFM iii 462.2 .

1 séolad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 séolad or dil.ie/37188

 

u and o, m. vn. of séolaid.

(a) the act of sailing (trans. and intrans.): a longa ic seóladh for tír, CCath. 1400 . occ seoladh i naghaidh gaoithe, AFM ii 1144.7 . ní facadar seoladh nó imramh fortó, CCath. 2655 . rofegh . . . in coblach ar seolad tarin fairrgi, Aen. 892 . seoladh mis dó o Sicil co hAladaciam, Leb. Gab.(i) 24 § 22 . do chuir Pól roimhe seóladh ré taobh Ephesus, Acts xx 16 . in long i raghbhadh ionad ní fagbhadh gaoith sheolta, AFM ii 1034.16 . nach tualang barc seolaid na sdiuraid for in muir sin, Marco P. 159 . long an anma d'éis a seolta, DDána 30.25 . g s. used attrib.: cethracha long seolta saimh, Leb. Gab.(i) 218.3 . lucht na long seolta (the Norsemen), Content. v 74 .

(b) course, manner : Fig.: mo chean d'Eoghan Ó Eachach | do lean an seóladh sruthach (of music), Hackett xlvi 2 . Of a course of action: dia loisced trésan seoladh sin `to burn it by this means', ALC i 328.25 . gu cenn sectmaine ar an seolad sin `arranging thus', Caithr. CC 54 § 94 .

(c) the act of launching (a weapon); urging: a slega . . . 'ca seoladh as a meraib, TTebe 4473 . ga sh.¤ ar chaislén R. `directing it [viz. a gun] on the castle of R.', Rel. Celt. ii 168.7 . ag seōladh an tsluaig orra, ML² 415 . Fig. go deoradh le duasaibh cruidh | seoladh ón fhuil uasail air noble blood urges it on him, DDána 106.35 . sloiged mor le B. . . . do thaob seolta I Neill a tir Aodha `at the instigation of O'Neill', ALC ii 148.1 .

(d) the act of showing the way; guidance : roataig foran senoir a seoladh co aroile mainistir, RC x 187.4 . do thseolad na sliged ar muir ┐ ar tír co Hierusalem `to shew the ways', Maund. 3 . denam . . . troscadh . . . fan comairli as ferr do seoladh duinn, BCC 298 . seoladh ecin do denumh dó assa fuighedh se scela Tana, 157 . ag teagasg an pheacthaigh ┐ agá sheóladh dhó cionnus do fhéadfadh é féin do dhídean ar na guaisibh, TSh. 6864 . The first couplet of a rann is called the seoladh the leading, O'Don. Gram. p. 413 . tainic se . . . le seoladh morhhar [sic] moireógh `by the direction of the Earl of Moray', Rel. Celt. ii 164.25 . Clann Murcertaig do techt a Connachtaib tre seolad Domnaill meic Murcertaig, Ann. Conn. 1390.2 . In a bad sense act of deceiving : comadh da m-brath no dá seoladh no da ttreiccean do bhí, TBC-LL¹ p. 613 n. 10 . ar n-a dalladh do seoltuib an aiberseora, BCC 248 .

(e) the act of directing, training, instructing; instruction : do bhí ag seoladh scoile i Luimneach, Keat. i 64.13 . do chuaidh . . . do sheoladh na n-ealadhan ann, ii 185 . gribha . . . arna seolad for seilg na n-anmunn n-aerdha `gerfalcons trained to hunt', Marco P. 90 . do fhuathuigh tu an seóladh ┐ do theilgis mo ráitte-se druim tar ais (odisti disciplinam), TSh. 1595 . do bhí seoladh is foghluim ag lucht na Scitia, Keat. ii 193 .

timchell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. timchell or dil.ie/40772
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: timchel, timchell, tiomchal, tiomchall, timchal, timchall, t., t.

n o, n., later m. vn. of do-immchella. timchel, timchell, tiomchal, tiomchall, IGT Decl. § 11 ; timchal, timchall, § 17 .

I

(a) act of going around, surrounding: it hé immefolngat a thris timchel (sic leg.), Thes. ii 33.23 . it trí mís deacc soli oc timchull ærat tonimchéla luna inna óenmís, 19 . iar timchull (sic leg.), 22 . grian a girando .i. o timchull, O'Mulc. 660 . tréin iar timchul daire dall, SR 6355 . greiss timchill do denomh surrounding movement, AFM iii 632 9 . gres timchill, AU ii 524.10 . beim timcill don erbull, Stair Erc. 1322 . cethernn timchill ríg Midhi ` body-guard ,' BColm. 102.2 . isinn aimsir timcill at that time (?), ZCP x 49.23 . ar tí ar dtimchill attempting to surround us, Dán Dé xii 3 . an chuairt thimchil, DDána 26.5 . nar ghabh iul timchil as teagh `roundabout path,' PBocht 13.7 .

(b) circuit, circumference, boundary: mochean dogní timcheall tráth, SG 33.19 . bói móin mór ... san athgoirit roimhe aran slicchidh, ┐ timcheall mor aice, BNnÉ 208.21 . do-bir sí ... trí timchil, IGT Decl. ex. 514 . atat ... secht timchill im an talmain `sept zones' RC xxiv 372.33 . coimhlinas an firmamint a timcill, Ir. Astr. Tr. 62.13 . t.¤ .i. gabáil, ut est, ma ro thimcill in filidh a áir ` circulation ' (Plummer MS. notes), H 3.18, 654 ( O'Curry 1478 ) (cf. also tincell). ceithre hordlaithe timcheall gach cloiche circumference , Flower Cat. 471.34 . is daingean a timcheall its boundary, ZCP iv 243.7 = is daingen a himtimchell na carcrach sin, LU 2447.

II adv.

(a) t.¤ around: doluid F. timcheall colléic co mbaí isin Bruigh, Ériu xii 156.11 . na co risat fir hErend timchell, TBC-LL¹ 2890 . co tainic t.¤ o Loch Garman, RC xviii 51.25 . in tromlonges t.¤ i Connachtaib , CRR 58.y . téid-leabhair tochailte tiomchol `engraved all round,' Studies 1923, 598 § 9 .

(b) ar (íar) t.¤ in succession, in turn: días fa sech ar timcheall d'fianuip hĒrenn acum foraire, Fianaig. 56.26 . a gabail ar timcell dona daerceilib, Laws i 184.x Comm. rígan ar th.¤ díb, TTr. 441 . co tiged gach drong ar dtimcheall, Études Celt. ii 298.6 = ar timchill, ZCP iii 35.7 . To this: gach lai timcheall, Lism. L. 2849 . Cf. iar n-urd timchill, 4163 .

III d s. as prep. with gen.; later also i t.¤

(a) around: timchull na Emna, TBC-LL¹ 1132 . dobeired ... a mér timcholl (hi timchul v.l.) lainne a scéith, Ériu iii 142.232 . t.¤ cacha oenchrose, SR 372 . cach ae dib t.¤ aroili, BDD² 1339 . ní tugadh timcheall Áodha | a mílchoin ná a macáomha, IGT Decl. ex. 930 . d'eccla an tighe na timchall, Irish Texts ii 35 § 2 . do iadsad Cenel Conaill uili a timchall in trenmiled, Ann. Conn. 1401.26 . i dtimcheall a dTighearna, Dán Dé xiii 2.

(b) about, approximately: t.¤ na Samna, Ann. Conn. 1404.4 . timchiol mhedōin laoi, Fl. Earls 32.8 . timcheall is leath-uair sa ló, Donlevy 474.17 . timc[h]eal sē fichit éigin ponta, Fl. Earls 86.y .

(c) (usually i t.¤ ) concerning, on account of, for the sake of: an sciúrsadh tuc an t-aingel dó fen timcell Aedhain, ZCP xi 128.7 . a timcheall shubstainti na trī persan, xiii 181.1 . amhail is mar dhéanfadh sibh im timcheallsa do dhéanamh uime, Maguires of F. § 41 . gach uile ainmían dá raibe t.¤ a gradha aice do dul ar cul uaithe, BCC 244.37 . Mac Donnchaidh ... do mharbhadh i mBreifne ... i timcell fhuadáin creiche, AFM vi 2048.17 . do gab truaidhe mor 'na t.¤ é, ZCP x 232.10 . a dtimcheall luicht theagaisg an tsoisgéil, Donlevy 128.4 . sa truaill atám 'na timcheall, `of which I speak,' Dán Dé xx 42 . do bhí taobh-nocht im thimcheall on my account, Ir. Monthly 1928, 331 § 8 . cen caithem t.¤ a fine, Laws iii 50.12 Comm. ní faghtar troid na t.¤ , O'Gr. Cat. 466.20. a arm timcell catha `his panoply of battle,' CCath. 5203.

(d) besides, without, in the absence of: nidan chosmili frisna preceptori atobsegatsi ar timchellni, Wb. 14d37 . ra batar ... ingena imdai aice t.¤ in lochta ra thurmisem, TTr. 718 . a rád fria thimthirid inda timchol `by telling his servant privately,' Mon. Tall. 146.32 . issed atrubairt B. fri cach ae t.¤ araile, LU 8258 (FB). drubh 'na timcell .i. 'na ēgmuis, ZCP v 487 § 15 . cid mor do ernaigthi aile donemm t.¤ na paitri, PH 7987 . fuit na bliadna t.¤ in chorgais apart from Lent, 4979 . timcheall na macraidhe .i. an égmais na macraidhe, O'Cl. ? To this: mairc dos n-uc masu asa t.¤ , IT ii2 176.64 .

(e) In phrase i dt.¤ , in the ancestry of: gé bheith lá gan réidhe riom | ar gcréine a-tá 'n-a thimchioll, DDána 5.16 . a mheic Máire nach muidh mionn | rogha Gaoidheal tá id thimchioll, 102.44 . an corp ar ar cheannchais neamh | creidim ó táid 'n-a thimcheal, PBocht 14.37 .

(f) With do-icc, etc.

(i) goes around: tic t.¤ in luirg, TTr. 404 . tic timcheall in ech, Aen. 2848 . tanic in brec for t.¤ , MacCongl. 25.23 .

(ii) discusses: fada ata ag tocht na thiomcholl ` debating ,' Studies 1919, 256 § 1 . ata cás comairle im chionn | fada as cóir techt na timchioll, O'Gr. Cat. 482.27.

(iii) circumvents: terc fer nach teguit timcheall, Ériu iv 212 § 3 . tecar na timchol they are circumvented, PBA v 131 §23 . tánic a ṅgáes t.¤ Túathi Dé Danand, MU² 2 . nír édir theacht 'n-a timcheall, Aithd. D. 10.18 .

Compds. ¤gerrad act of circumcising: circumcision: an crodh e do thimchillghearradh, Donlevy xvi 11 . is tarbhach an timcheallgherradh gu deimhin, Romans ii 25 . See also gerrad. ¤tescad = prec.: timchillteasgadh, TSh. 3290 . See also tescad. ¤trén strong all around: ón torandchles timchilltréin tuc ... orra, Comp. CC 106.19 .