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4 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 a or dil.ie/5
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: á, an, an, i, ind, ina, ina, na, na, na, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a

pron demonstrative relative, nasalising, that which, what . On the spelling á see Celtica ii 339 - 40 . Orig. neut. art., GOI § 473 (cf. 5 a). Combines with ro to form arro (in later lang. ar): arrolegais, Wb. 28d7 , but an- (the usual form before vowels) is also found: anrogadammar, Wb. 15c22 . anró gad, Trip.² 1370 . an ro-ráidis, PH 726 . an raibhe, Keat. ii 265 . In later language also spelt i n-: i n-atconnarc, LU 3322 . ind digní, Mon. Tall. 134.20 (§ 21) . Also ina n-: ina mboí, LU 8416 (H). ina fuaratar, Ann. Conn. 1235.13 . na n-: na tongat, Sc.M² 16 . na n-dingentar, TBC-LL¹ 6179 . na ndenaid, Auraic. 58 . In O.Ir. folld. by absolute and deuterotonic form of vb. a n-asbiur, Wb. 17d12 ; but later the conjunct and prototonic forms become common (see Bergin, Ériu xi 139 n.1 ): a taibred, Sc.M² 1 . a sir, Dán Dé xxiii 37 . a ndenat, PH 2858 . When the demonst. rel. is plural in meaning personal pronouns referring to it are plural: a n-as sīrem diib, Ériu ii 130 § 102 . The vb. may also be pl. a mbid . . . de neithibh, Desid. 5724 . a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch, Keat. ii 3504 . a bhfuilti corrtha those of you who are tired, Donlevy 216.6 .

Frequently cecha n- whatever, however much, etc., see cech.

(a) As nom.: an as suthin, Wb. 13d9 . anasberthar ho giun what is spoken, 5d14 . for nem a (an v.l.) conrúalae . . . as mó mílib míle, Fél. Ep. 25 . arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli the whole contents of the Psalter, Mon. Tall. 133.11 (§ 16) . a nas aithgin do airechaib feda iseadh is dire do athechaib feadha, Laws iv 152.5 Comm. seachnuim a mbí a n-éintigh, Desid. 6426 . a dtarla dá chóir, TSh. 762 .

(b) As accus.: á fil etarru what is between them, Wb. 27d19 . tuicci an gaibes in salm, 12d42 . a pridchimmeni what we preach, 15b14 . a forchongair do chomalnad, 5c23 . a ndogensa what I shall do, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). tongu-sa a toinges mo thúath, MU² 928 . mā rosaigh a broth a n-rosaig a blas `if its broth attains what its taste attains', RC xii 86 § 91 . ar ordaigh an t-aingeal-sain, Dán Dé xiv. 14 .

(c) With follg. partitive DI: a ndudesta . . . di foirbthetu, Wb. 1a9 . a césme di cach imniud, 13c7 . anrofiugrad di Críst `what has been figured of Christ', 15a34 . a mbaī di mnāib . . . hi Cūailṅge , TBC-I¹ 868 . a nrobíth leis día slōgaib, 1657 . an fogebed in gilla di scothaib, Trip.² 365 . ni hairemthar ar' marbad do macaib rí, RC xviii 173.13 . With different order of words: a n-du imnedaib . . . fo-daimi, Ml. 55d11 . a ndo ligdath doadbat, Ériu ii 114 § 39 .

With copula and superl.: a n-as sirem diib `the longest of them', Ériu ii 130 § 102 . a n-romba dech do thimthagaib flatha fer nGaoidel the best of the garments . . ., Corm. Y 1059 . an-as dech foruaradar do echraidh in righ, Marco P. 35 . i mba fearr do cach berla ┐ a nba leithiu ┐ a mba caemu `what was best . . .', Auraic. 1053 . in rop messa día muintir, RC x. 184.24 . Note also: is a mbeo beres a n-as beodu ┐ i na[s] segondo, TBC-I¹ 693 (compar. for superl.?). Less frequently with partitive gen.: doberat a n-as dech sét in dúine, TBFr. 419 . con-aitcetar ferann fair .i. an ba dech Mide, Dinds. 78 ( RC xv. 478 ).

(d) With prec. prep. (frequent in later lang.): do-farget (sic leg.) a rro-fera ar-a ferthar fris `he offers what he has given for what is given to him', Laws v 502.22 (see however GOI 680 ). ni tabair dír[e] asa n-gatass, Ir. Recht 22 § 24 (see GOI 298, 680 ). farnan bechtae on what is not certain, Bürgschaft 20 § 60 ( GOI 298, 680 ). bui dliged . . . fora raibhi do Thartraidhibh, Marco P. 82 . nach smuainid air a nabruid, Donlevy 468.13 . Gort an Óir ghairthear don Mhaigh . . . ó n-ar bronnadh d'ór lais-sean . . . ann `from the quantity of gold', Keat. ii 4470 . tré n-ar imreadar d'ulc air `on account of the injury they had done him', 4634 . tréas a ndearnsad do bhagar air, Desid. 3429 . Most frequently with DI, giving mod. dia, approximating to a new rel. particle: duine d'a marand indíu any man of those now living, PH 7318 . gach ní dā ndubrais, Feis Tighe Chonáin 105 . na h-uili obuir trocuire diar mol in eglus, ZCP vi 25.4 . ni ternō nech dona tainic anoir `of those that came . . .', Dinds. 23 ( RC xv. 323 ). an aenridiri is lugha dob olc da roibhi ina aimsir, ZCP vi 100.12 . gach aon dár fhás ┐ dá bhfásfaidh every one who has sprung and will spring, TSh. 13 . Temporal use: feacht n-æn da roibhe Cond Cetcathach, Ériu iii 150 . fecht n-aen dá táncatar, Acall. 361 . laithe n-aen … da raibe Find, 5737 . feacht n-aen da tainic Find, 5917 . la da raibhi Crist, Smaointe B. Chr. 1754 . gach úair da dtéighinn ’na theach, L. Cl. A. B. 187 § 9 . fechtus dia m-bui E. hi Frémainn, IT i 128 § 15 . fecht eli da raibe C. .c. a nDruim Cet, BCC 146.5 . lá airithi da ndechaid C. .c. do Temraig, 126.20 . feacht n-aon da ttainic Columcille, Anecd. iii 6 . feacht dia m-báttar, Hy Fiach. 336.1 . Also with acht: co tuctha a longa leó acht a ndechaidh ar éicin, RC xvii 361.17 (Tig.).

(e) When the antecedent is a noun the rel. clause is syntactically gen.: ar comalnad andotairrngert `to fulfil what he had promised', Mon. Tall. 146.20 (§ 51) . i farrad na n-dingentar innossa, TBC-LL¹ 6178 . cuirter fesa uathaib co hAth Cliath ar cend ar ḟacsat and do Gallaib, RC xviii 289.30 (Tig.). ag soin críoch ar chanamor `that is the sum of what I have sung', TD 15.54 . ag clos a ndoirtid, Desid. 4282 . ar son a ndéineann, 731 .

aus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aus or dil.ie/5046
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (? 3 ó Ériu xxii 51 ). adventures, story, tidings: uisse ús menn | imma-c[h]ain 'fitting are the tidings that he announces clearly' Ériu xxii 43 § 14 . is iat sin mo úsa, RC x 90 n.5 (= mo turthechta sa, text). Ús (A.¤, Iuss v.ll.) in Duin Chuailngne dia thir i.e. the concluding part of the Táin Bó Cúailnge (title of a tale), Anecd. ii 43.20 (O'Cl. s.v. ús). go roib a hús ┐ a imthusa ┐ a deired na tanad gonici sein (of the Donn Cúailgne), TBC-LL¹ 6204 . us in duib cualgne dia tir .i. genemain no eolus, O'Curry 1296 (H 3.18, 539). Designation, family name: `us' gach sloinneadh, Metr. Gl. 28 § 42 . ainm ┐ a.¤ ┐ domgnás, IT iii 30.24 . Laws v 230.9 ; O'Curry 1025 (H 3.18, 432a). ainm ┐ uss ┐ slondudh, IT iii 105.25 , 29 . Cianan dona Desibh .i. uss andsin, 28 .

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bó or dil.ie/6201
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: boin, bou, bo, boin, baí, b, báu, b, bao, Báu, b, búaib, bai, báe, boin, boin, bó, ba, bai, baei, búaibh, b

n f. See GOI § 60 , § 72 , § 340 . a s. boin, Corm. Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . bo, Vita Br. 24. d s. boin (cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ). n p. baí, LL 33395 (TBFr.). ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 n.2 ). b, Hugh Roe² 46.y . a p. báu, TBFr. 395. b, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 , Báu, LU 5373. b, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v), bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.). d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. di bai , Ml. 2b11 . a du. dí báe , TBFr. dā boin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, GOI § 340.2 ). b.¤ f., d s. boin, g s. g p. bó, n p. ba, bai ( baei: cnai, ex. 1623 ), d p. búaibh, a p. b, IGT Decl. § 86.

Ox, cow: inna mbao (innabao, MS.) gl. boum, Sg. 22b11 . bō nomen de sono factum suae uocis .i. ainm arna dēnam d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b.¤ gl. vacca, Ir. Gl. 159. buachaill b.¤ gl. bubulcus, 583 . bō a boue .i. is coitcenn aní as bós, ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit , O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i. mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur . . . redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ). rocuinnig seom boin co B., Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.). blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1 (Hy. v). co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon, 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.). carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v). bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc., O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná, uth b.¤, ness gobann, Triads 148 . eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 . oc tabairt tānae b.¤ húait, Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b.¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech (rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ). rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138. cethracha b.¤ mbreithi mbalcc `forty strong milch cows', Celtica iv 12.21 . buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm. gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar, ML² 1255. no-chennachtís na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510. ar boin cach naidche ailes `for he deserves (i.e. claims) a cow every night', Laws ii 136.8 . ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu (of interest due for use when given as pledge), v 400.20 . trí haige bruithi and, a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3 Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala `five cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress', ii 100.4 Comm. in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . . is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 . cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 . lenaid b.¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo isin in Odor Ciarain (hence the name of the Codex Lebor na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 . intan dono no gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s, Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 . ní bhean boin do baintrebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b.¤ do bheith ar n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb.¤ fán bhféar (of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 . ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú, Measgra D. 27.34 . mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b.¤ / [san] chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for it will be a whole cow in heaven, DDána 42.39 . ná bíodh aca choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach = kyne, RSClára 108a . b.¤ sa bhoin `a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes), see Binchy, Críth G. (p. 106 ): secht seoit sin da tecait ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo riu, conid ceithri ba, O'Curry 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8). naoi marg xxit do bhuaibh no darget `29 marks . . . in cows or in money', Trans. RIA xv (1826) 33.25 .

Of land: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).

In phrr. in various applications: b.¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16 Comm. b.¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 . ár mbadh bhí bleacht, ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court). in bo derba `milch cow', Laws ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199 n.7 ). b.¤ ḟind óderg white red-eared cow `often mentioned in early Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin, Ériu xiv 170 and Peritia xix 239-55 : roerbad iarom b.¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di, Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga, ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b.¤ bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Note also: bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag', Plummer MS. notes), perh. hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia hidpairt, LB 152a58 . b.¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt due (?), O'Mulc. 862. b.¤ ḟeisi (see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ): ised slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for bidbuid cows of spending the night (part of compensation payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73). b.¤ indláeg see indláeg and, Ériu xx 231 - 2 . b.¤ gabála a (beef-)cow levied as a due (see gabál): bo g. .i. mart, no in b.¤ méth, ut est athgabail b.¤ gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta, O'Dav. 284. b.¤ lethgabála (expld. by O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for the relief of the poor' (i.e. the huaitne fonluing, etc.). dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 . b.¤ marta beef-cow , see 2 mart. b. threlóeg a cow having had three calves: .i. cuinnid co hobonn boin treloegh , Bretha 42 § 33.6 . .i. ni truma na inni ata ina thoirsiugud umpu na bo trelaog , 44 § 34.9 . tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega , Laws i 102.19 Comm . b.¤ thúir see 2 túr.

In nn. loc. (see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis . . . Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 . Bernas ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 ) Cūailnge , TBC-I¹ 897.

Compds. With nouns: cin boainmead without bovine defect(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 250 (H.3.18, 145). bó-ár name of a cattle-disease, RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb (see bódíth infra) no galur righín, O'Dav. 291. iar dteacht do bh.¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic mic Airt, Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT iii 5.10 . bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri, etir trebrad ┐ sned, 28 § 67 . aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd ┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 . Dond Cúalnge . . . / co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait ` Cattle-Raid ', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.8 . screpul cach bóbotha ` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56. Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386. ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . See bóchar. go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra `to protect his cows against them', AFM iii 224.6 . crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle, AU ii 506.20 . leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ? ba flaith os chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.8 . ina bai bit a mbodaingen `cows should be in a cow-fastness' (i.e. at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . See bódela. at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of a cow (?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ). bodibad mor fo Erind destruction of cattle, AU i 470.22 . doroine bo-dhibadh mór (of an invad- ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet) Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy 302.9 . bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh `murrain', AFM ii 1044.11 . earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i 494.15 . bó-dún see badún. moch i.e. bo-erge lit. cow-rising (gl. buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ). no sechmallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil `the beef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.). co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 . nía boidb bógeimnech (rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC). bōger ` beef- lard ', MacCongl. 79.23 . bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na saire ` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin, see Wortk. 146 : (g s. as epithet) Enna Bōguine (B. ōtāt Cenēl m Bógaine, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 . Cf. Boguinig `the descendants of Enna Boghuine' (note), MR 156.10 . co ro slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid [sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]." Unde . . . Beann Bogaine `a cow- slaughter', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden, ACL iii 324.7 . sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge `of cows milk', Thes. ii 48.30 . boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . . gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine, Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. conamailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef (?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . ethar bec . . . bōshaille `of beef-fat', MacCongl. 85.10 . boseiche ` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e] direnatar dó, Críth G. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh ` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) = bó ṡlabhra, Keat. iii 2243 . bo-ṡlechta `the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810. rith cana boileachta `des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP xviii 383.14 . cain boiliuchta (i.e. `the law that treats of cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm. seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42. bosluaiged lit. host of cattle gl. mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. botheach ` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. bótháin cow raid : rohir dam . . . .x. mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 . ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267 = bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐ bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). no geibed Flidais . . . do bóthorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 . co tí in bo dia botreib, BB 397b2 . in a bo-tuar (`cow dung ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 464.13 Comm.

With adjj.: bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like the cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ). brucchaid bó-cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682. Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.

With bú-: ? maccaim beca buaigelta (buaidhghela, v.l.), TTebe 1372 . Cf. bógeltach. a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐ cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 . for buageltach ṁBreg (of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 § 1 . Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ), cf. BDD² 1209.

See bárach, bóaire, bóbath, bólacht, bómlacht, bóraime, 1, 2 búarach.

cíall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cíall or dil.ie/8983
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cíal, ciall

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 . Also somet. cíal in O. Ir. Glosses and in poetry. nessu célaib .i. nesso ciallaib, LL 24378 . cēill: budéin, ZCP xiii 245.6 .

(a) Of persons sense, intelligence, mind : nípí ciall la nech dogní insin, Wb. 29b11 . druáilnithe a ciall gl. corrupti mente, 30c18 . nad mbí ciall la nech disluindi dliged remdeicsen `has no sense', Ml. 50d1 . nech lasnabi ciall, 50d2 . co mber[at] á céill n-erru, 20b11 . co céill ┐ chond, LU 3910 ( SCC 42 ). rom-snáidet . . . / cund, céill, curp com anim, Fél. Ep. 52 . nocho fom' cheil-si / dochuaidh do chial, IT iii 93.22 . leig as in drochciall fora tai ┐ dena mu chomairli-sea `folly', Aen. 576 . it ferr cīalla oldās cīall two heads are better than one, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . ni techta cond 'na ceill fo-mic, Laws v 510.4 ( ciall . . . fomac, SM Facs. 1b ) glossed ciall codnaid, 20 . tanic trell dia ceill, LU 4029 ( SCC 48 ). ar ḟebas do chrotha ┐ do ceille, 8226 ( FB 17 ). bae c.¤ dunetta aice (of Dond Cúailnge), TBC-LL¹ 6162 . ní réid la céill mbuirp in se `uncouth intelligence', Blathm. 159 . Mugain miadmas co morchéil, TFerbe 824 . in tan . . . roaisicc Dia a chell dó, Grail 3750 . ata saillechta cella (sic) do (of a minor), Laws ii 46.18 Comm. Ailbhe í ar chéill 's ar chuimhne, DDána 99.2 . seacht gcathaoireacha céille (of the daughters of Humility), 55.15 . cíalla glice na ngente, Celtica i 96.260 . dá chrádh céille éadair ann a twofold grief of mind is to be found therein (of death of chieftain), DDána 110.16 . ar mearughadh céilli, Mac Aingil 111 . com[h]lán i ccéll ┐ a ccorp `sound of mind and body', RSClára 114b .

More particularly wisdom, good sense, skill : rángadar na teachta re céill, ┐ re conailbhe, ┐ le hairmhidin `wisely(?)' (`charged with submission'), ML 104.22 . ar sith, as tre cheill do righneadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 12.16 ( Lec. 272 vb26 ) = iar sisd is iar ceill dorigneadh, BB 23a16 . in rigan ecnaid óg ḟial / tochur ria no co degciall, LL 19297 . tre cell ┐ tre comairli, CCath. 6161 . cend comhairle ┐ céille . . . Connacht (of dead chieftain), AFM ii 1132.8 . Of course of action, ní c.¤ with Vn. it is unwise to, it is imprudent to: nior chiall bheith ag ar mbrosdadh sensible thing, Aithd. D. 3.6 . ní ciall déanamh dearmaid, DDána 14.13 . ní fhuil chéill id dhearadh dhún `twere senseless of Thee to disown me', Aithd. D. 77. 31 . níor chiall uadh it was not wise of him, Ériu i 97.30 .

In transf. sense of a person: gabh, a chiall, mo chomairghe, DDána 67.6 .

(b) Of bodily senses: do chiallaib gl. ad sensus, Sg. 139a1 . cóig cialla cuirp `his five senses', Ériu xvi 135 § 56 . maithi a roisc na nabocc maithi a cialla, v 236.83 . mo chúig cialla 'gum brath bíd, Dán Dé ix 3 . Of feelings, emotions : srian léd chéill níor chuireabhair, Content. xxiii 5 . do oscail se a cial, Smaointe B. Chr. 5250 . Cf. ní frith luth seirce sóerligi / na celle conom thicse, LU 8329 ( FB 24 ).

(c) In a variety of more general applications intention, cause, reason, idea : in chiall toḟaiscthe `der Verstand des Herauspressens' (one of the cóic conara fugill), Cóic Con. 24 § 24 . rinne nir chuimseach a ciall (of a monster), Duan. F. i 79.9 `intention regarding' (Gloss.). flaith nime d'Eochagān (sic leg.) ān / is lān a chridhe dia chēill attention, ACL iii 308 § 32 . fa clé an chiall a perverse intention, Dán Dé xxvi 29 . ann adlecthar mesi fein / . . . rim cheill `with my consent', Fen. 304.8 . cion na sainte / . . . ag sin ciall chaillte na hanma (of the sin of avarice), Dán Dé xxxi 37 . ar iomad ele do chialluibh certa `for . . . many other just reasons', RSClára 95a . ní gan chéill do adhuin t'fhíoch, Aithd. D. 84.27 . caidhe nach córa an chiall `how much greater reason', RSClára 104a . ciall mo gháiri ní léir linn, O'Gr. Cat. 346.34 .

(d) Of words, texts, etc. signification, meaning: ciarid-beram a céill though we express their sense, Sg. 26b2 . immaircide frisin ceill `suitable to the sense', Ml. 27d22 . sechis in chiall gl. intentio (psalmi), 61a29 . forsin dib ciallaib fil isind emulari , 56b37 . huare is lán chiall indib chenae gl. huiuscemodi verba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . issí inso sís a chiall gl. est sensus, Ml. 50c1 . a folad ┐ in chiall gl. vis et significatio, Sg. 27a8 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 39 . etir cheill ┐ fhogur, LB 241a marg. inf. iar ceill Cirine in Jerome's meaning (of the word), Hib. Min. 9.292 . do-ghén . . . míniughadh céille ar an rádhsa, IGT Introd. 24.12 . re saoibh-chiallaibh `by foolish etymologies', Content. v 8 . ag buain ceille maithe ass, BCC 300.31 . cialla na n-aislingedh, Grail 2679 .

Of grammatical forms force, function, meaning : hua cheill gníma ┐ chesta, Sg. 77a7 . ciall sechmadachti `the sense of a past', Ml. 98c10 . chiall ainsedo, 67d24 . is ilar són hua cheill `it is plural in sense', 45b20 . aithne ar chíalluibh uathaidh ┐ iollraidh, IGT Introd. 2.16 .

(e) In phrases. slán céill safe and sound: no theighdis slan ceill dia tigh, Blathm. 38 . ní ris sís slán céill, BS 72.20 . for (ar) céill in one's senses: mairg dobēradh cath don fēin / da mbet ar cēill, Fianaig. 80.1 . intan nobid Comgan for ceill, Ériu v 20.7 . airis for ceill, MR 8.16 . guais nach bear ar chéill choidhche `I may never have sense', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 2 . cond céille = c.¤: nír chond ceille in col, LL 4378 . arnacha-ndechrad a chond ceille, TBC-LL¹ 1709 . c.¤ chodnaig: ecodnach da frisciter ciall codnaigh `who is expected to come to the use of reason', Laws iii 156.25 Comm. iar tiachtain ceilli codnaig do, v 218.23 Comm. ciall chapaill little or no sense, Mac Aingil 6140 . in ti ac na bi faitechus ceille use of reason, Laws v 508.22 Comm. ( SM Facs. 1b ). táinic an chiall bhreugach chuige .i. an codladh, ITS v 38.23 . étrommae céille loss of reason, insanity : táinic édtruma chéille . . . dó, CF² 450 . Cf. édromacha chéille, Luke xxiv 11 . In chevilles: dia do chéill, DDána 54.15 . fo chiall `good the sense', Blathm. 19 .

Phrases with vbs. do-alla, gataid, benaid, céill di gives up (hope of), despairs of: talsat a céill di ṡaíre, LL 31490 (TTr.). antan . . . tallus mo chéill dia thorbu dam, Ériu iv 134.10 . See 1 do-alla. iar ngait cheilli dia n-anmain `after losing all hope of life', ZCP i 406.11 . See gataid. do ben gach neach díbh ciall dá anmain, CF² 736 . iar m-ben . . . do chelli dia bethaid, LB 143a33 . ba buan ceille do chabhair, Stair Erc. 1537 . mairg bheanas chéill don chruinne (`to try to understand'), Magauran 643 . ben do cheill . . . dot tir ┐ dot talmain exi de terra tua, Lism. L. 707 . See benaid. See díscaíl. With cuirid: gur bo marb mórán do clandaib C. ar cur céille do'n cathimresan (`after the effort of screwing themselves up for the fight'), Caithr. Thoirdh. 127.24 . tráth do chuirset céill do'n cath (`when they were baulked of the fray'), 128.1 . Note further: do chuaidh a ciall do'n cathírghail they lost hope of, Caithr. Thoirdh. 99.15 .

do-cuirethar ar chéill (for céill) calls to mind: torala Dia ar cheill do degnimu `let God bring to mind', Ml. 43b15 . intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar céill `when it is . . . kept in mind', Ériu ii 136 § 122 . tachraid forcéill ┐ airem daib seanchassai . . . bar múinntire, Alex. 191 . na healtain do chor ar céill / as blogh d'ḟertaibh in ḟíréin, IGT Decl. ex. 303 . With difft. constr. foceird mo ceill im drungo, LMU 17 (Eg.) `my reason is agitated about the hosts', (LMU2). Later with cuirid and personal object recalls to reason, to sense : a chur ar céill gér chás deacair (of conversion of St. Augustine), DDána 59.11 . meisge an phobail . . . / ní hobair mná a chura ar céill `to bring them to reason', PBocht 9.23 . buime an leinbh (sic leg.) gá gcur ar céill (of Mary consoling the holy women), 13.15 .

cuirid i céill expounds, proves, declares : ní mór dod mhaith chuire a ccéill, Bard. Synt. Tr. 228.17 . lá in Chairn a gcéill cuirfidhear `will be ever remembered', O'Hara 123 . cuir-se i gcéill `explain', A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 10 . as fer tengtha (sic leg.) eile do chuiredh a ceill dó gach ní da n-abradh C.C. ris, BCC 262.32 . m'éigse i gcéill muna chuirinn, Aithd. D. 46.4 . cuir do bhagar i gcéill thuaidh / más ann creidfidhear é uaibh, Content. xviii 168 . ionnus go gcuirfeadh i gcéill do'n léaghthóir nach fuil tabhacht i seanchus Éireann `might give the reader to understand', Keat. i 50.3 . Note also: níor chuir Brian céill na cheanaibh ignored, Content. xiv 18n. ciall do chur san iompódh to take heed of the change (? but see Ed. note), PBocht 22.2 .

do-gní céill takes thought; employs skill : do-ghéanadh chéill rem cháineadh `he would take thought before reviling me', Aithd. D. 74.17 . Cf. nī faigebthar-side itir . . . acht ma doronad cēill occai, TBC-I¹ 1576 = dorónaid ceill glossed ceilg, LU. Cf. nī rādh go cēill (.i. go ceilgg), ZCP v 487 § 15 (B. na f.) = ciall .i. cealg, O'Curry 1464 ( H 3.18, 651 ). fris-cuirethar céill see fris-cuirethar, frecor.

gaibid céill for, g. for céill expects : hó ro gaibther c.¤ for riuth s ... (? scíth or séim) 'when a tiring (or easy) pace is expected', Wb. 13b13 , Ériu xxxiii 165 . argaibidside céil for báas in tain téte don chath `expects death', 9a3 . fiadnaise fir galair gabes ceill for eccaib, O'Curry 1617 ( 23 Q 6, 6 b ). diä dardāin gabus-sa / cēill for ingnais maicc m'athar, Bruchst. 52 § 116 ; 'on Thursday I expected the death of my father's son' Ériu xxiii 49 . ra gabsat céill ar a mbreith i tírib ciana, LL 31491 (TTr.). o ro gab ceill for anad, LU 2249 ( FA 31 ). is in coiged uair . . . intan rogabsat cell for a collad ┐ for a cumsanad re seitfidaigh na natrach settled down to, BB 495a16 . ro gabsat ar céill . . . comallad fir na faistine, 429b25 . do gabatar ar chéill gan chunntabairt gurab é in Clárach . . . adchonncatar `imagined', Caithr. Thoirdh. 51.4 .

For ciall .i. tionol, O'Dav. 362 see fo-cíallathar II.

Compds. With nouns.: domrimart gáir na gáithi / im chotlud co cíall-báithe `with vacant mind', Metr. Dinds. iii 226.10 . in fitir for cialbann clú / cia dú cosatiagam dé? SR 7967 . iar ccur do Brian . . . Maolseachluinn Mór as a chiallchogair confidences, Ériu i 105.7 . conad hí ar comcisiu ┐ cottomus ar ciallḟer, LL 32429 (TTr.). cīallḟlaith . . . con gaib side a chrícha cen choscru cen chernu a prudent ruler, ZCP xi 86 § 46 . ciall-gháis Chormaic `wisdom', MR 116.14 . ciallrunugud aicnid, Cóic Con. 24 § 24 . ciallrunugud cert caid, 27.9 . la ciallrunugadh eir[i]c, Laws iii 408.9 Comm.

With adjj.: tricha robhi in ciallbhog caemh / ina ri Diarmoíd na ndhamh simple-minded(?), BB 57a15 . ? is imdha duine data / ┐ cuire is cialbhrata (: dhíarmada), IT iii 68.17 . fear . . . cunnail craibhtech cíallchonaich resourceful(?), RC xii 320 § 1 . saī coitcenn, ciallconaigh, AU iii 46.6 . See féchemanda. co glice ciallgaesmar, Stair Erc. 298 . bhí sé ciallghlan diadha, Hackett² xxx 154 . mná cori ciallmathi, LU 3888 ( SCC 40 ). gnúis meicc Cairne cíallmíadcha (-miacha, v.l.) `of noble sense', Ériu iv 94.14 . macc slattraim síl Chuind cíallmór, Ériu iv 104.8 . Cf. i nDaim Liac Ciannāin canair / marb hua ciallmair Congalaig, Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25 (see Ed.'s note). na ceithre comhfhocail . . . chumaidhi chialltarctheacha `expressive maxims', MR 90.4 . fer nár certmur cialltreabar, BB 427b30 .

With vb. ¤rúnaigid(ir). Legal. considers carefully; decides after deliberation: nach claoine eile ciallrunaigther ann .i. feall no éithach, O'D. 795 ( H 3.17, col. 570 ) = ciallrunaither, O'Curry 2395 ( Eg. 88, 31a ). cocrathar urchonn urthach .i. ciallrunathar uasal testugh (leg. testughad) ona codhnacha, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 D 6, 37 a ). na cocra cert .i. nech na ciallrunaigenn, Laws iii 34.18 Comm.

? cluiph

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? cluiph or dil.ie/9669
Last Revised: 2013

 

n bógeimnech . . . rád n-ingir c.¤ Cualgni, LU 5327 (rhet.) = cluip, TBC-I¹ 851 . ? Leg. cluiph[id] C. 'will overturn Cuailnge ' CMCS xxxi 24 .

con-cíallathar

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v (cíall, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 482 ) considers, takes care of: coicleth a thūatha, cot-cēillfetar 'let him care for his tribes, they will care for him', ZCP xi 92.1 , AM 4.35 . cotut curaid cellfetar 'warriors will be set aside against thee', LU 10360 ( CCC 57.15 ), Celtica xxi 200 . See Studien zur Táin Bó Cuailnge 153 n. 96 . Cf. con-ceil, coicell.

cráin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cráin or dil.ie/12738

 

Forms: Cráinchrín

n f. IGT Decl. § 201 . sow: cēd c.¤ cona crú, Ériu viii 139.18 . céd bo . . . ┐ céat cránadh, Leb. Cert. 42.13 . orcc cránai, PH 7211 . seacht [g]céat c.¤ . . . céat crán, Leb. Cert. 64. 20 - 22 . adhba crana in cluain clethach, Acall. 498 v.l. frisin c.¤ círduib (one of the inmates of Hell), SG 48.4 . an [ch.¤] ó thuinn do thuinn porpoise(?), Aithd. D. 1.17 . doruc crain acu bainb, ZCP vi 275.32 . ál gach crána coigcríche, Keat. Poems 40 .

Compds. Cráinchrín (n. pr. of sow), Dinds. 71 . crónanach cránṡúilech (of Dond Cúailnge), IT iii 246.81 .

crónánach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crónánach or dil.ie/13113

 

adj o, ā (crónán) humming, purring, crooning : crónanach cranṡúilech (of Donn Cúailnge), LL 33005 . cuile c.¤ , RC xiii 424.4 . ingen ghér, sleamhain . . . c.¤ (of a cat), Oss. v 82.z . As comic n. pr. m. in Cronanach (of cat), Oss. v 80.7 . As subst. o, m. performer of crónán: tanaic na crónánaigh chuca . . . ┐ do b'áil leō ceart chrónán do denamh, Oss. v 90.23 . aes ciuil .i. cronanaig, Laws v 108.26 Comm.

Cúailnge

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pn see Cúalṅge.

Cúalṅge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Cúalṅge or dil.ie/13333

 

Forms: Cuailngi, Cualṅgi, Chúalngi, Chúailgne, Cuailngne, Cuailgne, Cualṅgiu, Cualṅgi

n. loc. (later) also Cúailgne. See Hog. Onom. s.v. cuailnge . acc. Cuailngi, LU 5307 . gen. Cualṅgi, 5321 , Chúalngi, 5344 . Chúailgne, TBC-LL¹ 6108 ( H 1.13, p. 318 v.l.). Cuailngne, Ériu viii 175 § 8 . Cuailgne, CRR² 6 . dat. Cualṅgiu, LU 5343 , Cualṅgi, 5332 . In name of tale Táin Bó Cúailnge , see Heldensage 97 et passim, táin and note Tain Bo Cuailngne, Anecd. ii 44 § 4 . IGT Decl. § 175 indicates -ghn- rather than -ng-.

cuilmen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuilmen or dil.ie/13530

 

Forms: cúilmeana

n o (Lat. culmen, Ó Máille, Ériu ix 74 ) name given to the Origines or Etymologiae of Isidorus: Essodir .i. in chulmin, Fél.² xxxi , cf. isidorus etymologiarum, ibid. trí hamrai la Táin Bó Cúailnge .i. in c.¤ dara héisi i nÉrinn that the c. was brought into Ireland in exchange for it, Triads 62 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . genelaighi Gréc amal adbert Essuidhir ┐ c.¤ , BB 4a20 (leg. in C.¤ , Ó Máille, loc. cit.). ón leabhar as mó dá ngoirthear cuilmean gus in leabhar as lúgha da ngoirthear deich bréithir, MS. Mat. 495.4 . c.¤ .i. leabur, ut est, berta in sui sair dar eis in chuilmein , H 3.18, 603a13 .

Of other books: promha pind o Ferghal . . . for in cuilmend oll, LB 60 marg. inf. Cf. colamna fearb .i. cuilmenna fearb .i. croicne bó. Cuilmenn .i. lebar, MS. Mat. 504.27 . Hence appar. cúilmeana ` hides, skins ', O'R.

In literal meaning (if used as Irish word): c.¤ (.i. cnoc), O'Mulc. 585 .

dáir

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Forms: dáir

n i. A bulling . ce brisit na cet[h]ro oca mbít dair, Laws v 156. 2 . fora mbi dair, ib. 7 . slán dona tarbaib ┐ dona reithib in ré suthain bít ac dáir na máine, ib. iii 232. 2 . tarb i naimsir dara, ib. ii 44. 6 . i 144. 4 . gein bes meracht in dara orro, ib. iii 232. 7 . biaid buar in domain dithoraid .i. cen lacht nó cen dáir, LL 188 a 55 . iarna dáir (tair MS) don Donn Cuailnge , RC x 222 § 14 . co tuc a óghréir .i. agh ndára cech trír a heifer in calf AU ii 76 . dair...na cethra, O'Dav. 741 . go ndearna bó do dháir, O'Cl. s.v. dart .

MOD. dáir. bó fé dháir (W.K.). Cf. dairid.

dairid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dairid or dil.ie/14285

 

Forms: dairid, nodaired, dart, dairidar, dairim, doirim

n pr. i. Bulls. pr. ind. 3 sg. dairid. ipf. 3 sg. nodaired. pret. 3 sg. dart. pass. pr. ind. 3 sg. dairidar. ipf. nodairthea.— in tarb cetamus is cuma dairi[d]side a ceathra fadesin, Laws iv 100. 26 . colpaich ó méid dairidar, ib. 18 . cóiea samaisce nodaired cach lái, TBC-LL¹ 1530 . dart .i. dair, gur dhart bhoin .i. go ndearna bó do dháir, O'Cl. co ndart boin dia buaib, Dinds. 159 . dofucusa in mboinsea ...condarodart (condorodart, Eg.) in Dub Cuailnge , TBR 5 ( IT ii2 245. 10 ). condarodart in Donn Cuailnge , IT ii2 240 n. . condrodart in Dunn Cuailgne, RC x 222. 12 . nodairthea in laeg i cinn a ráithe ana ré, CF 73. 6 . —MOD. dairim, doirim. Cf. dáir, darmna, do-dair.

do-inóla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-inóla or dil.ie/17918
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: doinola, doninola, continola, tinola, doninoltar, tinolatar, dorinól, dorinolsatar, tinólfither, tinolta, tinóilid, tinól, thionóilte, tinólfither

v (*to-in-uss-la, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 511 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. doinola gl. adplicat, Ml. 25b3 . rel. doninola, Tur. 110 . Subj. pres. 3 s. is ecen continola inna huili doilbthi, Thes. ii 6.33 ( Acr. 13b1 ). ara tinola , 244.27 . Pass. s. doninoltar gl. occupari, Ml. 24a8 . pl. arna tinolatar gl. inplicantur `that they may not be collected', 55b5 . Perf. 3 s. dorinól gl. locasse, 51a21 . SR 6485 . 3 pl. dorinolsatar, SR 2757 . Fut. pass. tinólfither (sic leg.), Thes. ii 38.3 . Part. tinolta gl. locata, Ml. 145d1 . Later as simple vb. tinóilid. Vn. tinól.

Gathers, collects ; (of armies) musters, assembles .

I Trans.: inna brodscuad anglana .i. doninola the unclean rubbish which it collects, Tur. 110 . ara tinola soalchi that he gather virtues, Thes. ii 244.27 (Cambr.). toirthi in domuin . . . | táircaid, tomlid, tinolaid, SR 2624 . ara chind tinolsat dail, 3109 . tinolsat tor tolach talc, 5077 . (reflex.) dosrinolsat do imcassin na hairce, 5439 . rothinolad lais insain | na fuair frisna secht ṁbliadnaib, 3393 . dor'inól sluag . . . i n-agaid nDauid, 6897 . is mé dorinól in slúagad-sa, TBC-I¹ 24 . doinōlat a mbāi do mnāib ┐ maccaib hi Cūailnge , 868 . cet n-ech srianach ratinol, IT i 125.14 . is hed rotinol this was the cause of the assembly, Mon. Tall. § 73 (157.15) . rotinolad leis an-robái i n-airiur Gréci do longaibh, TTr.² 130 . rotinólait slóigh ┐ sochaidhe móra, 197 . cotorinol lán a utlaig do bissib ega, Trip.² 126 . dosrinólsat cuána mára cucu do chonaib alta, LL 282b37 . co rotinólta fir hÉrenn dó, Ériu iv 144.1 . tinolaid Cumall a socraiti chucu, RC ii 88.35 . is áes side Brig Leith dorinólsat in n-orgain, xxii 401 . tinolfaiter muinter nime ┐ talman, iv 250.3 . nir taibged a hēntir riam ar (sic leg.) tinolset amlaid sin, xviii 174.24 . gur thinóil ┐ gur tochastail ógriograidh Alban, MR 110.9 . do-thionóilsiod a n-oireachtas um an áird-rígh, ML 56.4 . rothinóiletar a slúag ┐ a sochaidi, Fianaig. 76.29 . (Of women) conscarat nád rothinólat destroy what they cannot collect, Tec. Corm. § 16.96 . tinólfaider uanni `a muster will be made by us', CRR § 22 . gach molt dogebthi . . . as do ionsoighid na tulcha sin dotionoilti, Hy Fiach. 96.9 . tinoilter . . . a ndamrada chucu, Lec. 613b28 . co rotineoilid o Iuil `were rallied', Todd Nenn. 60.6 . is na h-aimsir rotineolaid in seanad i Constantin, 68.8 . roraid Dia . . . tinoiltear na usci atait fo nim a n-eninad, Lec. 528a22 . With cogn. accus. corthinoil Crimthann morthinol Laigen, 609a29 . dorionail an lion as lía conanagair, Hugh Roe 294.17 . doionalat a laochradh ┐ a laith goile, Leb. Gab.(i) 246.7 . tinoilter na luibhe . . . a mí mhai, 24 P 32, 209.20 . an tí chruinnigheas . . . go haindlightheach, do dhruing eile thionólas, TSh. 7173 . Impers. with AR: rotinoiled ar na Tiabandaib a muster was made of the Thebans, D IV 2, 77a27 . Cf. ro tinoiledh . . . air the distress was levied on him, Laws ii 140.21 Comm. Part. go léir thionóilte in full muster, ML 62.8 . Rel. Celt. ii 192.31 . (of two persons) puts together: o forruired in cobled i n-aidhchi na n-inboth (.i. na baindsi) torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228 . joins, fastens: tinólfither (sic leg.) gl. applicabitur, Thes. ii 38.3 . Of reefing sails: no tinoilfitis . . . seolbrata a long, CCath. 3736 . combines: (of an ague) ise sin an fiabrus a tinoilter teas ┐ fuacht ann a n-enfheacht, 23 P 10, 13a16 . makes up (a total): tinóilter an cét ésga ambolis re trí bliadnaib coitcinna `the first intercalary moon is made up of three common years', O'Gr. Cat. 306.9 . tinóilter an tésga sin a mbiseach an aen lae dég is made up out of the eleven days' excess, 306.2 . Of literary work, history, genealogy, etc. compiles, collects: isé dodaairinal ind oen lebar ┐ roscriph, Hib. Min. 214 . nech . . . rotheglaim ┐ rothinoil an leabur sa, AU iii 430 . Moel-brigte clausenair romtinol, MacCarthy 9 . gurob é tráth do tinóileadh an saetar so .i. an tan dorindedh an leabhar sa, O'Gr. Cat. 290.21 . dothinóilseam in geinealach-sa a croinicib na nGaeidel, Lec. 158b9 . dotinoil Ipocras ina comhradh fein in tsuim-so, 23 P 10, 9b38 .

II Intrans. tinólsatar . . . slóig mora macc n-Israhél, SR 5617 . tinoilit fir Muman ina naigidh, RC xxiv 184.1 . is aire nothinóldais cacha samna, SG 319.8 . rotinoilset . . . Luagni Temrach, CF 75.70 . rothinoilsit im Adam, MacCarthy 64.23 . (of the decay of the bardic schools) dursan an taobh dhá dtáinig | a mhoille thrá thionáilid, Ir. Review 1913, 595 § 12 .

Part. bátár tinoltai na Gamanraidi, Celtica xxvii 93 .

feraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feraid or dil.ie/21676
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fer, ferid, —fera, rofera, ferat, ɔdinroirea, condiroira, conroíret, fersai, ferais, fer—, fir—, nofired, firfeasa, firfassa, firfid, firfes, fhirfes, firis, ḟírastar, firfaider, firfitir, fiur—, fiurad, noḟurad, rom-fiurfu-sa, fiurfadh, furfadh, foir—, —foirfed, nosfórfed, fertom, feartot, ferthos, romferat, f.

v ā O. Ir. forms: imperat. s. 2 fer, Thes. ii 47.16 . pres. s. 3 ferid, Wb. 4b19 . —fera, Thes. ii 294.15 . (with ro-) rofera, 24b15 , 29b13 . pl. 3 rom ferat , Ml. 22d5 . pres. subj. s. 3 ɔdinroirea, Wb. 29b16 . cf. condiroira (for condid-roírea), Ériu vii 140.32 . pl. 3 conroíret, Wb. 29a9 . pret. s. 2 fersai, Blathm. 85 . s. 3 ferais Hy v 30 . SR 3033 .

In Mid. Ir. beside the normal fer— are found the stems:

(1) fir—: impf. s. 3 nofired, LU 10137 . fut. s. 1 firfeasa, TBC-I¹ 1023 = firfassa, LU 5504 . 3 firfid SR 8203 . Trip. 120.6 . rel. firfes, LU 4546 . fhirfes, B. in Scáil § 32 . pret. s. 3 firis, TBC-LL¹ 3388 . ra ḟírastar , LL 262b1 . Pass. fut. s. firfaider, 46b9 ( Ériu i 130 ). pl. firfitir, LU 10379 .

(2) fiur— (fur—), esp. in sense `suffices' or `supplies': impf. s. 3 no fiurad , LL 258b15 . noḟurad, 115b6 fut. s. 3 rom-fiurfu-sa, Ériu iv 142.14 . sec. fut. s. 3 con fiurfadh IT iii 188.2 = furfadh BB. Rarely foir—, sec. fut. s. 3 —foirfed, Acall. 3946 . nosfórfed, LU 2059 (cf. fo-fera) With suff. pron.: fertom ... feartot `serves me', `serves thee' Auraic. 1618 , 1619 (?) = 4691 ff . (see ZCP xvii 293 ). ferthos pays them (acc. pron.), Laws iv 328.3 . 330.14 (Críth Gablach).

The primary sense of the vb. is grant, afford, supply , and this is implicit in later development; the distinction below between I and II is mainly for convenience of reference.

I Grants, supplies .

(a) suffices, furnishes enough for; in Glosses with perfective ro— (lit. `is able to grant'); with pers. obj. (see ZCP xiii 105 § 5 ): coimsetu biid et áetich, ní rofera tantum just what suffices (gl. cum sufficientia) Wb. 29b13 . is suail romfera it is little suffices me 24b15 . mod ɔ dinroirea `the way that He supplies us' 29b16 . romferat they can suffice me Ml. 22d5 . co n-im[m]im rofera with sufficient butter Laws ii 254.3 . O'Dav. 947 . Cf. dofargaid arrofera offers what suffices (?) O'Dav. 979 (cf. Laws v 502y ). ól nguala, issí nofired Ultu uli, LU 10137 . nos-fiurad in ballán the cup used to suffice them (?) LL 370cx . ni taprad acht ēn-trian ┐ nofiuradh an sluaigh [sic] on trāth co 'role it used to suffice the host RC xii 70.1 . proinn cēd nosferud (nó fiuradh), BNnÉ 300.14 (feradh v.l.). nir bo bec immorro in biathad .i. muc ... do cach ḟir. No bítis fir istaig ... nach ferad sain whom that did not suffice LL 106b20 = Ériu iv 26.6 . rusfirfi min gainme will suffice them ZCP x 344.2 . nosfoirfed do biud boltnugud the smell would suffice them for food FA 13 LB = nosfórfed, LU 2059 . nom-firraidh do ascadhaibh satisfy me (imperat. pl. 2) ZCP xii 245 § 7 . roḟerastar torad in aen-méich bracha iat o Chaplait co Minchaisc eis ... abundauit Lat. Lives 72 (= co ro urthastar LB 64b5 ). Lism. L. 1361 . fúrfait bar cuirp coin your bodies will glut dogs Alex. 224 . confoirfed secht lanamna, Acall. 3946 (would be enough for ?). gilla ... usce innḟuar roḟoiread 1196 . ní nosfhiúrfadh in fhoirenn what would suffice the crew Hugh Roe² 4.16 (f. 2b) .

(b) with acc. of thing supplies, provides: ɔroíret a mbethid that they may provide their livelihood (gl. subministret illis) Wb. 29a9 . Cf. an cach rí ro fes follan fera [ = rofera f.¤ ?], O'Dav. 887 . rofherasdar mil ┐ fíon ... doibh, BNnÉ 110.19 . rofertha fer cacha maitne do fhuined muicci a man was told off every morning to cook a pig RC xiv 245 . ferdair a n-othrusa uile (i.e. they all get sick-maintenance) Laws iii 356.3 . O'Dav. 887 (`all their sick-maintenances are provided' BCrólige p. 90 ). In wider sense gives, yields, pays: gach call (= coll) ... go bferfa lán dabhcha dhe will yield a vat-full KMMisc. 168 § 3 . rosferastar Lasar di á cill L. bestowed her church on her Lism. L. p. 328y = Irish Texts i 16 (= obtulit Tertia V. c. 44 ). in tī nād mbī arbur feruid a lōgh do saimbiud he who has no corn supplies its complement of summer food BCrólige § 27 . feraid a lōg a rēir breitheaman pays Laws v 466.8 . fertair al-lōg di pennait, 390.8 . fertair a focruic a imcomus fer arocuile otrus `the fee for them is given in proportion' etc. BCrólige § 33 . muna rofeara (.i. muna eirne) flaith seotu, Laws ii 264.1 . (for: ro-era, as in 262.14 . 264.15 ? See ernaid). ferdair collna set in aithcuir are returned 322.5 ( ZCP xiv 387 ). ferthar .i. ērnithar, O'Dav. 979 .

(c) brings (?): drongtar fir, fertar mná are carried off (?) LU 5466 ( TBC-I¹ 990 , rhet.). Cf. feraid .i. atairgid, ut est: feraid insci di na rochar arra, O'Dav. 887 .

II Gives forth, pours .

(a) in lit. sense pours, showers, sheds, esp. of natural phenomena (rain, etc.). Orig. trans. and used impersonally or with refl. pron., later often intrans.: ferais snechta mór forru it snowed heavily on them LU 4777 . feraid snechta mór foroib, 10576 . feraid dertain IT iii 67 § 2 . tech innā fera flechod, Thes. ii 294.15 . nocar ḟer banne ina gort-si not a drop (of rain) fell Lat. Lives 85 . Cf. A mu Buach | feras in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.21 (cf. aiges in tond ib. 19 ). Of blood, etc.: is ḟort raḟer mh'fuil was shed TBC-LL¹ 3955 . forfaidh [leg. ferfaidh ?] cru dar cuiged C. anocht aigi he will make blood flow ZCP viii 529.28 . fearaid ... déara aithrige ón inghin, A. Ó Dálaigh li 22 . Pól ... fearais cioth déar, Ir. Monthly, 1928, 437 . secht n-aithsceanmanda feardu (= ferte) fuil that shed blood Laws v 156.11 . do láim Find ferad a fuil `by the hand of F. her blood was spilt' Metr. Dinds. iii 234.20 . (but feraid v.l.). in ferfat ... frasa mo dēr dar mo gruaidh ?, ZCP x 46 § 6 . ilar fule firfitir, LU 10384 = firfaidtir , ZCP iii 256.22 (cf. d below). do fearadh an díle dóibh ... gur báitheadh iad, Keat. i p. 140.13 . Of other things than liquids: atchíu don bláth fertha fort ... bat fornocht `the bloom that bedecked thee' Metr. Dinds. iii 96.3 [doubtful reading; v.l. fort(h)a]. Cf. fiaich fotha firfitir, LU 10379 .

(b) by extension pours out (cries, lamentations, etc.), vents, gives expression to (a feeling, etc.): ní ferae [fera MSS.] coíni lament not Ériu i 198.8 . feraid guba makes lamentation Metr. Dinds. iii 42.36 . in gair ┐ ind gubha ferfuidit [ferfaidid, YBL 137a34 ] fir ┐ mna hoc coīned a macan, ZCP iii 227.13 (cf. d below). ferdais nual, SR 7209 . no feartais coin ... ualla mora, CCath. 884 . rofhersat a nguth raised their voices BS 176.32 . ... feras amran frim, O'Mulc. 350 = LL 275a3 . lin a fer fir ferdais feirg SR 4981 . ferfaid feirg will pour out his wrath KMMisc. 156.120 . Folld. by fri of pers.: ferais fáilte fris welcomed him BDD 39 (see fáilte). ferid itge frissin deacht, Wb. 4b19 . fermaid-ni nemeli fri rig nime, Mon. Tall. § 1 . nā fer mol | frisin marb ... pour not praise upon the dead LL 275a9 ( Mór M. § 6 ). roḟer surge ... fri mnaí coím paid court Metr. Dinds. ii 18 . rimsa na fer do ṡaebe `ply not thy perversities on me' Mart. Tall. 118.4 .

(c) esp. with obj. like cath, comlonn, etc., of giving battle: ní math d'ḟerus bāig I did not well to fight TBC-LL¹ 3962 . nā fer bāig, TBC-I¹ 953 . Feradach ferad catha, Metr. Dinds. iii 268 . firfid secht catha C., B. in Scáil 10 ( ZCP xx 221 ). firfid gle ib. B. in Scáil 16 . magen i ferfaithe in cath, LL 170a24 ( Dinds. 158 ). ba brigach dano roferad in cath sin ib. LL 170a 31 . ro ferad cath croda ... do dib lethib etarro, Ann. Conn. 1256 § 6 . im-mís Iuil ... | iss ann ferass [in grian] a lāngleō, SR 246 . o rofersat a ṅgriss ṅglain | a ndíss oca n-impressain, 1881 . isé in mac sa ferfas bar ngresa ZCP v 504.4 . gur ḟeradar gleic ferrdha ... ┐ rofersat comlann cruaidh, Ériu iii 166x . firfaider int imm[ḟ]orrán, i 130.38 . gae ... feras fechtu, IT iii 61.13 . gach ágh ┐ gach acais ┐ gach iomarcaigh do fearadh 'na cheann, ML 100.4 . With obj. omitted: in feraim-sea for galaib aenḟir no ar līnaib fer whether I am to fight in single combat or against many Ériu i 116.27 . firfait dīabalnāmait 'opposing enemies will fight', BDC 112.137 ​.

(d) in wider sense with abstr. or vn. as obj., does, performs, executes (cf. fer airli, gl. age ( Ecl. viii 17 ), Thes. ii 47.16 ): ferait a n-aittreb isin glind make their abode LU 2157 ( FA 22 ). rufer āmaill in cech cāin `has made sport' Hail Brigit § 12 ( LL 49b42 ). fer ... firfes chless, LU 4546 (sic leg. TBC-I¹ 58 ). firfassa ardchless ar bélaib eirred, LU 5504 ( firfeasa, TBC-I¹ 1023 ). fearfad a chluiche caointe, IT ii2 146z . ni fertar cluichi fair hi tig no games are played in the house in which he is (= he is not annoyed by games) BCrólige § 61 . is é céad-duine ag ar fearadh a chluiche caointe, TSh. 5570 . Cf. ferait a fert...i rRos na Ríg they make his grave in R. LU 4067 . roferad comarli oca áes gráda ┐ iss ed ro chinset ..., LU 4062 . aimsir in lucair ... firfes a comrama who will achieve his triumphs BNnÉ 305.29 . tegh an fir ro ferustar in cneid `who has inflicted the wound' BCrólige § 23 Comm. nā fer finga[i]l 'mot ēnmac, Ériu i 118.7 . ni fertar scannail `no brawls are made' BCrólige § 61 . feraiset grafaind `held a horse-race' RC ix 466 = agat g., Anecd. i 54.3 . firfid graphainn gergaile, SR 8203 . in grafand rofersam `the race that we have run' Fél. Ep. 73 . rofersam ar n-iarair we have made our search ib. Ep. 2 (glossed: doronsam iarraid , O'Dav. 1356 . feraid for n-aigidacht innocht and get your entertainment there to-night LU 8864 ( FB 66 ). o rofersat tri aidchi aigidechta when they had spent three nights of guesting LU 1861 ( RC x 50 ). aonach no fertha lais ... in gach bliadhain, Corm. Y 796 . fertha óenach la hUltu, LU 3228 ( SCC 2 ). a rogu ro fer .i. ro ferastar a rogu `his choice he made' ACC 135 ( RC xx 410 ). is cian mār ria C. roferad táin bo Cuailnge , O'Mulc. 779 . do ferad mór d'ulc ré lá much ill was wrought in his time Cog. 100.19 (poem). Folld. by FOR (AR) of pers. inflicts (on), deals (to): bean for a fertar ainim, Laws v 294.18 Comm. nā fer aithber form, TBC-I¹ 1215 . nā ros[f]hera brón fuirri, MacCongl. 97.6 . gac[h] fer fora ferthar fuil, BCrólige § 10 Comm. masa beocned roferad air, Laws iii 288.17 . ferais M. tri crechta ... fair, TFerbe 422 . iarsin mórḟingail rofersat for soerchlannaibh Erend, ZCP xi 63.11 . is alaind feras al-luad | gabair Baetain for in sluagh bears his course against AU 562 (but: gobhar ... rés an tsluagh, AFM 555 ). With direct obj. omitted: fear, a Chríost, ar lucht na mbréag take vengeance on Dánta Gr. 9.36 . Cf. flesc maith Moisi ... rofer for aesa a Egept, SR 4330 (corresp. to: barr flesci Moysi ór chuirestar plága ┐ piana for illtuathaib Egeipti, LB 121a28 ). for slig frisndringtiss, conclistiss for a rind, na ferad for a fonnib RC xi 444.28 . In follg. exx. feraid ar (of thing) may mean spends one's energies on, enjoys: lāntol menman di cech maith, nī ara feram, ACL iii 296 § 42 . Rathan na náemh ro charsam, | sosadh sáer ar ro fhersam, BNnÉ 313.24 . f.¤ fo: in follg. ex. the obj. of the prep. is uncertain: flaith dan cóire Teach D. ... | gach glóir fa dheoidh fearfaidh faoi | leathfaidh a ghnaoi do dheoin Dé, Ir. Monthly 1927, 470 .

2 foglaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 foglaid or dil.ie/22748
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: foigheolaidh, rofogladh

v (see fogal, and cit. there from IGT, Verbs § 83 ) ravages, harries, commits depredation (trans. and intrans.): ? is ann foglui in Finn Cuailnge n-uili (of a bull) IT iii 549.9 . in baile hi fuacartais no ḟoglatiss ann, ACL iii 325.30 . ? fut. foigheolaidh mor maine amach, Duan. F. ii 72 (or does this belong to fodlaid? See fo-dáli). perf. deoraidh rofogail ris, Laws iii 130.1 . pass. impers. is ris rofogladh `injury was inflicted on him' Laws ii 182.22 Comm. damadh e ro foglui amach if it were he committed injury ib. Cf. ba hé ... an treass Gaoidheal budh mó d'foghladh orra, AFM iii 338 . See also díth compds.

foscad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foscad or dil.ie/24064

 

Forms: foscud, foscud, foiscthe, foscaidh, foscaigthe, foscaithe, foscdae, foscthib, foscadaib

n u, o, n., later m. d s. foscud, Ml. 50d7 . a s. in foscud , Lism. L. 1469 . n p. foiscthe, LB 51b30 . foscaidh, RC xliii 106 § 23 . foscaigthe (= foscaithe ?), CCath. 1581 (foiscti v.l.). g p. foscdae, Sg. 63a15 . d p. foscthib, LL 239a37 . foscadaib, TBC-LL¹ 5271 .

(a) a shadow (cast by an opaque body) : fosgadh .i. sgaile, O'Cl. co faca F. f.¤ in ḟir riam ┐ doleig sleg fua scath, BB 376a41 ( Dinds. 49 ). for f.¤ Brigte (= in umbra Brigidae) Lat. Lives 78 . BENAID F.¤ FRI (I) casts a shadow against (i.e. is close to but does not touch ?) : trilis [da fult] ... co mbenad f.¤ fri colptha, TBC-LL¹ 214 (= co mbenad a da colptha, LU 4519 ). Cf. abrait duib ... co mbentais foscod i mmedón a da gruaide, LU 4515 . gunbenat foscud fri folt ┐ fri leccainn in laích so that they nearly graze (of two swords used in a feat) LL 266a13 ( MU² 544 ). Fig. : dósuidigthi .i. cechtar naí fo leith cen béim foscdae innalaill (gl. apposita) Sg. 63a15 . Of a shadow as opposed to reality : roercransat ... amal f.¤ no ciaig, PH 4265 . don [ḟ]oscud fallsa (i.e. the transitory world), ACL iii 238 § 15 . Cf. lotar iarsein hi f.¤ a scail ┐ ni arrdraigestar a ndūn, ZCP xx 220 - 24 ( xiii 373 ) = lotar a foscadh an scail, iii 460.15 .

Shade, gloom: hi foscudh báis (= in umbra mortis) Trip. 2.4 (4) . i foscud in bais, YBL 149b37 . flaithemnas fascaid in bais ib. 34 . hi foscud menman, Ml. 50d7 . tres na foiscthib ... ifirnd, TTebe 596 .

(b) adumbration, form or outline ; refracted light, glimmer: imanaicet ... delba ┐ foscud muintire nime, LB 254a40 ( FA 5 = fóscugud, LU 1985 ). atcondairc fosgadh ┐ fíorscáile iatha ... uaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 242 . ri foscthib lassamna ... na lecg logmar, LL 239a37 ( TTr. 1664 ` gleams '). tíscébad frigit fri foscod in claidib could pick up a flesh-worm by the glimmer of the sword (?) LU 7366 ( BDD 99 ). Possibly in the follg. : gae súlech go foscadaib, TBC-LL¹ 5271 = Corm. Y 3212 ; `mit (hellen) Schatten' Wind. gae ... go foscathaib, TBC-LL¹ 5571 = co foscod, TBC-I¹ 3366 . dá manaís ... co suainemaib lín ... a foscadaib na crand, Acall. 233 (which suggests that the `foscada' were the loops on the spear-socket or possibly the `súili' or blade-apertures of later development, see Macalister, Archaeology of Irel. p. 76 - 77 ). Cf. also : do ghabh a chlaidhemh ... go bḟed [see fet], go bḟigh ┐ go bḟosgadh, RC xxix 128 § 37 , and see 1 foscadach.

(c) by extension used of sounds (prob. in strict sense of distant or indistinct sounds : ni chualaid ... fascad gotha Cellaig thall isin oilén, LB 274b57 ( SG 57.41 ) = foscad a nErinn, Caithr. CC 527 . an tí ... chluinfes guth feadoige ... no fuaim crionaigh ... no fosgadh eóin os fiodhbaidh, BS 104.2 . ... uirsleibhi frisi mbenait na tri foscaidh .i. foscadh gaeithi ..., RC xliii 106 § 111 . fosgadh garbhghaoithe ... re fiodhbhadh, Todd Lect. iv 94.4 . fosgadh a stuic ... do chluindís na slóigh, Ériu i 100.3 . re f.¤ faídhemhail ... na téd ┐ na timpán, MR 168.22 . binne a bhél ná fosgadh crot, L. Cl. A. B. 115.16 . Cf. adchualattar ... fosccadh scceóill eiccin `some rumour' AFM v 1658.6 .

(d) in fig. sense semblance, foreshadowing, type: f.¤ nuiadnissi (gl. umbra futurorum) Wb. 27a25 . fiugra ┐ foiscthe fetarlaicthe, LB 15b30 ( PH 5293 ). foiscthe ┐ sígne, LB 257a66 . Cf. donfofoscaig .i. dorigne sin [leg. sinn ?] conid foiscte ... dó (= ad similitudinem Dei facti sumus) Thes. ii 351.20 ( Hy vi 5 n .).

(e) a shade, (departed) spirit (an imitation of Lat. umbra) : atconnairc ... foscud salach dorcha (= umbram) Lat. Lives 87 . foiscte ┐ fantaisi na carat batar marba, CCath. 4801 . na foiscti, 898 (= umbrae Luc. Phars. i 565 ). Hence a figment, an imaginary or invented form , (of the comparison Lat. `Virgil[i]us, Virg[i]lior') : ni bfuil connelg ar aī chēille and ... acht is cruthugud frie fousgadh and sin, Auraic. 3335 .

(f) shade, shelter and fig. protection: rapa dítin tri chet láech | foscod in craind, LL 27b46 ( Ériu xiv 160 ). cét laech no ditned ar thess ... ba foscud ┐ ba imdegail (of the Dond Cuailnge) TBC-LL¹ 1535 . Wi. takes ba = fo a ; but perh. we should put comma after dítned and transl. `he was a shelter' ?). a scoil Feniusa Forrsaidh ... gabair in foscudh san ` custom ' Laws ii 348.24 Comm. [ = v 96.25 `shelter' ; `Schutz (?)' Thurn. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 10 n. 9 ]. ó imlibh críoch ┐ o fosgadhaibh iath (of ships putting out to sea) ML 46.7 ( ML² 666 ). fosgadh nó díon ón doininn, TSh. 2561 . ionad díona ná fosgaidh, 2483 . do bhí tú ... ad ḟasgadh ón stoirm, Isaiah xxv 4 . ina cleith ḟosccaidh ... ag gach áen, AFM vi 2106.18 . cliath fhosgaidh , O'R. Poems 664 . fagbas ... a chloind | i f.¤ ceneoil Conaill `under the protection of C.' Fen. 330.16 . a foscadh to protect her (Ireland) Hackett xlv 12 .

Cf. icc it[h]i ... i f.¤ ┐ i fiadnaisi in daim alaind orda (of the Israelites) BB 241a31 = YBL 291a13 (= fiad deilb ind ócdaim, SR 4120 ; but : diabul ... teit isin dam ... ┐ boí oc ithe ... in ḟeoir i ḟ.¤ in talman ┐ i ḟiadnaise chāich, LB 120a23 .

Gailioin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Gailioin or dil.ie/25150

 

pn (Gaileoin, Gailiain), pl. o-stem. The name of a pre-Goidelic tribe of N. Leinster . The g s. occurs: gell Galeoin `a Galeon's pledge,' O'Dav. 1027. ? .x. seoit suim ina gabail gaileoin, ib. 1436 . cosnam Gaileoin gignis fích, LL 380b45 . For theory of their origin, see Pokorny, ZCP xi 174 - 179 . For extent of their territory, see Mac Neill, Early Irish Population Groups, § 96 . See also Hog. Onom. ; O'Rahilly, EIHM 92f . Laigin ... tri anmann doib .i. [Fir] Domnann, Gaileoin, Laighin, ┐ Gaileoin roalsat Labraid ... hi tirib Gall, Dinds. 9 ( RC xv 299 ). it Galeoin ... robatar ac cobraid A ... for tāin Bū Cūailnge , O'Mulc. 779 . Galeoin immorro aicme do Gallaib, ib. uiri armorum .i. Fir Gaileoin, Todd Nenn. 44 . batur tri primcinela i nEri, Feini ocus Ulaidh ocus Gaileoin, Laws i 70.3 Comm. atraacht in Galéoin ┐ in Mumnig, TBC-LL¹ 4577 . do láthaib gaile Galian (: gíall), 519 . in trícha sin fer Galian (: grian), 527 . tricha cét Galión, TBC-I¹ 164 . manip íat in Galían Lagen, CRR § 11 ; § 23 . tromlach cuicid Galían, RC xiii 50.3 . dona Galianaibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 883 n. 1 . do Gailianaib Labradha Loingsig, RC xv 306 ( Dinds. 15 ). docechnatar ... for Galeonu, RC xv 300 ( Dinds. 9 ). For evidence of length of the first syllable, see Pokorny, ZCP xv 196 ; O'Rahilly, EIHM 459.

imm-forbair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-forbair or dil.ie/27848

 

Forms: imforbart

v inflicts on, brings upon, practises: pret. s. 3 imforbart fair forecin, SR 3212. comoforbart in Dond Cuailnge ... dáir in tsescraid `when the Dond of C. ... proceeded to bull the dry cows,' RC xvi 53.3 . See also under imma n-.

lecca

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lecca or dil.ie/29692

 

Forms: leccu, lecco, -lécuinn, leccainn, leccoin, leccond, lecon, leacan, leicne, lecnib, lecna, lecnaib, leccan

n nn, later n, f. (see GOI § 327 and Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 455 ). n s. leccu chuar, IT iii 82 § 64. lecco, Corm. Y 843. a s. -lécuinn, Ml. 55c1 . leccainn, MU² 544. leccoin, RC xiii 464.1 . g s.(?) leccond, Corm. Y 800. lecon, CCath. 4024. leacan, DDána 41.48 . pl. leicne, lecnib, later also lecna, lecnaib. g pl. leccan. Pl. forms with palatal -cn- are proscribed in IGT Decl. § 6 and ex. 265 .

(a) cheek, jaw ; lecco .i. le-co-hó .i. co clūais, Corm. Y 843. leccond .i. leccend .i. lethc[h]end, 800 . a oíle .i. a di leacain, Cóir Anm. 4 . leca in duini gl. maxilla, Ir. Gl. 89 . saidsi li alalécuinn Saul hi talmain `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . a lecní liathlomdai, IT iii 99 § 164 . dobeir . . . leccoin fri leccoin dó, RC xiii 464.1 . gun benat foscud fri folt ┐ fri leccainn in laích, MU² 544 . leicne tīrma tanaide, Ériu ii 56 § 10 . aghaid glasban . . . co tuilli oile, co luimi lecon, CCath. 4024 . tegdais na leccan (dommus maxillarum), PH 4548 . boi . . . locc m-becc co sualchi moir cechtar a dí leccoin, LB 148b34 . co n-greann-mothraib . . . ic timchellad / a ngruad . . . / [┐] a leacan, MR 184.y . ba dheirge a gruadh ná an rós / 's a leaca bhán mar an aol, Oss. vi 4.16 . mala tṡeng os lecnaibh lebra, IGT Decl. ex. 264 . gruaidhe donna / . . . leaca as saor snuadh / le taobh do dhá ghruadh ngealchorcra, DDána 114.16 . ābhar deargtha leacan . . . / tāir is tarcuisne, Celtica iv 107 § l . iomad corma a cclí an pheacaicc / do-nī gorm do ghlanleacain, Párl. na mB. 3254 . By metonymy: teora long 'ga leacain ghlain, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344.13 . ubi fauces aegrotant . . . .i. an tan galruightear na lecne throat, 23 K 42, 16.4 .

Of animals, birds: a gilla . . . / a leca cuirre garbhghlaisi grian, IT iii 88 § 106 . a chromchuarcholtur do lecain camail, Ériu v 156.201 . l.¤ chamaill boi ina laim, LB 127b7 (cf. 2 glaine). ruc a lecna co Leccainn, Metr. Dinds. iii 372.96 (of the Donn Cúailnge scattering the limbs of the Finnbennach). fionnfhadh a leacan 's a cluas (of a pig), Oss. vi 140.x .

(b) By extension applied to other more or less vertical surfaces: side or slope of a hill : Lia na Ríg hi Femun / Caithir Rónáin hi mBregun, / cían ó ro-síachtar sína / a llecne, PRIA 1953, 94 § 14 . Temair Lúachra for leccaind na hIrlúachra, MU² 342 . duma nEirc . . . / 'sind leccain dind leith atúaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 228.31 . Cf. EIL 44 § 8 . darochair Aed . . . / isin leccaind ós Líathmuine, RC xx 11 § 13 . os leicnibh Sleibhe Colláin, Duan. F. ii lvi 3 .

Various: ri leccnib long ┐ ri leithṡlessaib liburni, LL 236a3 ( TTr. 1409 ). sgáile an laoí trēd leacuin ghloin (to a ruined castle), O'R. Poems 2659 . snuadh do leacan réidhe (of the Cross), DDána 41.48 . Cf. also: flaith for leccaind fochil n-éca, LL 14380 (rhetoric). adastar lara hi láim / lecu phuit dar pundaind, IT iii 82 § 64.

(d) In n. pr. dí ingin . . . / Iuchdelb ┐ Lecco Dub, Metr. Dinds. iv 324.7 . Cf. Lecco ingen Tala thrén, Ériu iv 158.1 .

COMPDS. ¤buide yellow-cheeked, sallow (?): na sillidi . . . lecanbuidhi, Comp. CC 83.z . ¤chrúad: a bhfiodhbhaca [líomhtha] leacan-chruaidhe, DDána p. 382.29 . ¤ḟota long-cheeked, long-faced (a complimentary epithet): ben māethainech bānainech lecanḟata chāinmar, TBC-I¹ 2789 . laech lecconḟota odorda, TBC-LL¹ 5423 . ba caemalaind . . . in maccoem . . . is é leccanḟota lanṡolus, TFerbe 38 .

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