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2 án

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 án or dil.ie/3242
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o, ā. See O'Rahilly, EIHM 286 ff. Pokorny, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 129 - 130 . I fiery, bright, glowing: saigtea ana gl. sagitas . . . ardentes, Ml. 24c3 . cosind saigit áin, 133a4 . ar licc áin tentidi, TBC-LL¹ 3384 . Appar. also in compd. derc (= derg?)-á.¤ : for licc dercain, RC xi 444.25 . amal sladar iasc mbrec for licc dergáin co sústaib iarind, LU 8655 ( FB 48 ). uaim ifirn áin fiery(?), Ériu ii 229 § 6 . grían á.¤ (or similar phrase) frequ. used of a person: ān grīan grīssach / goires brēoda B., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 15 . in grían á.¤ (of Moling), Fél. June 17 . lassar gréne áne (of St. Patrick), Mar. 17. Cf. Senac[h] á.¤ mar oebill, Gorm. Feb. 11 . Perh. also: buidne ana do ainglib shining(?), LU 1993 ( FA 6 ). áes án bright (or splendid) folk applied to otherworld people and synonymous with áes síde: aes á.¤ nó sithc[h]aire, O'Dav. 1600 . do brigh go millthighe leisan aois áin (sic) no leisna siodh-bhruighibh gach mac, BNnÉ 164.4 . Cf. poc aosáin `a fairy stroke', RC iv 178 .

In more general sense as eulogistic adj. brilliant, splendid, glorious: an .i. uasal, O'Cl. hān flaith for Temair, Ériu xvi 147.15 . dend Eoganacht áin sin, Fél. Oct. 20 . Ailill á.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 483 . a Emer á.¤ folt-buide, LU 3946 ( SCC 44 ). it āna ind ōic, TBC-I¹ 165 . ni rubaim níth n-erred n-á.¤ , LU 6230 (TBC). gillai óca ána airegda, MU² 74 . co trebur co caomar cembedha ana airccecha, O'D. 2201 ( Nero A vii, 140a ). amais ana immglicca, Alex. 3 . Of a place: Emain á.¤ , LL 7515 . Ailbhe Imligh áin, Cog. 96.27 . Of water: ri c[ria]thras usce n-an n-úar, SR 41 . for in n-ocian n-ucht-lethan n-á.¤ , Auraic. 5353 . Very frequ. as epithet of Ireland: ōs Ēirinn āin, Bruchst. 56 § 125 . Hérend áine, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.8 , etc. Of feats, games: co clessaib ana, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . na cleasa ána iolordha, ITS xxiv 46.34 . bá há.¤ aircech aibind nobítis láith gaile . . . isin tig sin, LU 10131 . Of speech , etc. mad sulbair ┐ mad á.¤ in precept `brilliant', Wb. 8a5 . ba suī, ba ān, ba airdirc, Bruchst. 41 § 7 . ogh-briathra ána, MR 160.7 .

Appar. also swift, speedy (see O'Rahilly loc. cit. and p. 517 ): for a ndíb neachaibh ána udmalla, AFM vi 1920.18 . rogres a eochu ana athloma, TTebe 2862 . fer á.¤ athlamh, TBC-LL¹ 5324 . am tren, am an, am athlum, IT i 141.19 . confacatar na cet[h]a ana imtroma ┐ na casrac[h]a ana imluat[h]a, CCath. 4953 . tucadar cuir ana athluma d'aroile, CF 491 . Hence in glossaries: a.¤ .i. luath ut est airgiu ána .i. it luatha do airrechtain, O'Dav. 13 . a.¤ .i. ésgaid no luath, O'Cl. fir conoencosaibh ana (.i. luatha) (: lāna), Leb. Gab.(i) 52.1 .

Compar. is áiniu dúibsi a n-asbiursa `it is nobler for you what I say', Wb. 5a10 . dírimm bas choímiu ná bess áiniu, TBFr. 47 . ? is edh doberiud bruith isna hōgaib no-gontais ann, comtar aniu iarnauārach, RC xii 94 § 123 . co nād būi i fēin Find [fer] bad áiniu ┐ bad escaidiu ō sain [im]mach `swifter', Four Songs 22.7 .

Superl. is é rí as ánem ┐ as ordnidhem . . . tánic in domun uile, BDD² 1070 . In phrase in tan ba háinem (do) x when x was at the height of his performance, at his best: intan ba hánem dó, BDD 109 . in tan tra ba h-aínium doib beith for sin luindi sin when their anger was at its fiercest, BB 437b26 . an tan ba háinemh dona Gallaibh foran abairt atrubhramor, Hugh Roe 36.11 (fo. 10a) . an tan bá h-aínemh dóibh isuidhe `when they were here making merry', AFM v 1862.17 . Compar. used as superl.: in tráth rop ániu doib oc ól when their feast was at its height, LL 14637 . intan ba haniu flaith Cuirc hi Caisiul, Anecd. iii 59.30 . in tan tra b'aine in gleo sin when that noise was at its height, Aen. 2830 . in tan tra ba h-aine ic tafann na fiadmil, 727 . in tan ba haine do o[c] cathugadh fri lucht na long, BB 419a8 .

Adv. gabait ar a ól co h-á.¤ , LL 207b15 . go hā.¤ , ZCP viii 115 § 28 . nert Erenn ni gab co han, Fen. 64.19 . ? ro gerradh . . . co roan .i. co ro-luath, Leb. Gab.(i) 102 n.2 .

II As subst. glory, splendour, etc. orgin. o, n. ni ain something of splendour, Auraic. 1585 . Aimirgen indse Gáedel / ar n-ór, ar n-á.¤, ar n-óebel `our glory', Ériu iv 136.18 . As o, m. splendid person: gach á.¤ is éigeas, Keat. ii 1752 ( BB 43a 56 ).

Compds. ? ¤-bó: caeca an bó a hO. ` fine cows ', Leb. Cert. 64.1 . ¤-breó bright flame , Fél. June 2 . ¤-chainnel bright torch: da ánchaindil gascid Gaedel, TBC-LL¹ 3771 ( LL 10730 ) = anch., 3769 ( 10729 ). ? ¤-chend: doluid Eocho anchend ed, LL 375a28 (no rhyme). la hEochaid Ānchend, ZCP xi 65 § 16 . ¤-ḟer: bītis āinfir (: fáilid) maille frim glorious men, Ériu ii 95 § 4 . ¤-loise: dā ānloise `splendid flames' (of heroes), TBC-I¹ 3313 . ¤-rí splendid king: Maicc Cairpri, cāine ānrīg, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18 § 2 . ¤-spirut: án spirut nóeb nert nime `splendid holy spirit', Thes. ii 351.2 (Hy. vi). ? ¤tengthaid clear spokesman: antengtaid ardafeith 'it is a clear spokesman who tends it' Peritia v 88 (k) . ? feithem fri hantenguidh timgair gell comgrad 'attending to the clear spokesman who summons the pledge of those of equal rank' CIH vi 2223.4 , Peritia v 104 .

cían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cían or dil.ie/9003
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cén, cíana, cíana, chíana, ciana, cían, céin, céin, géin

Arch. cén ( Ériu ix 48 § 23 , xvi 146.7 below). The follg. may contain a by-form cíana: ed cíana , Harl. 5280, 42b (cited Meyer Contribb.), TTr.² 499 , hi tir chíana , Trip.² 1438 , if not attrib. gen. of the abstract cíana, q.v. Cf. also cu ciana , LL 13576 ( Irish Texts i 33.10 .).

I As adj. o, ā long, enduring; far, distant : c.¤ .i. fada, O'Cl. Attrib. of time: ho etartetarcur cián `at a long interval', Ml. 88d13 . sechmadachta ṅ-ocus ┐ c.¤ , Thes. ii 229.26 . fri ed cián for a long time, TBC-LL¹ 1846 . íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Imr. Brain 17.12 . ra charusa in laech út uair chéin for a long time, TBC-LL¹ 4560 . loc dam-sa . . . co hūair chéin, ZCP viii 312.2 . tri rei ciana `for a long time', Ml. 90d14 . iar reib cianaib, Ériu xvi 36.5 . dolodar . . . filid . . . riab cianaib iarsna gnimaib-sea (`a little time'), Auraic. 149 = reib chianaiph, 2452 . roan . . . fri ré ciana = multis diebus, Lat. Lives 4.9 . bui iarum imale fri Fergus re ciana, Ériu xvi 37 § 1 . fria rē ciana, Grail 629 . bai cocad mor etarro fri re ciana iarsin, RC xxiv 186.9 . le headh gcian, Aithd. D. 52.5 .

Of place: i crīchaib cīanaib, ACL iii 224.20 . adclos ua na (fana v.l.) crichaib ciana comaidchi, TTebe 694 . écndairc cian ut ille gl. absenti, Sg. 138a2 . i cendachaib cianaib in domain, PH 5500 . tancatar a tirib ciana, 5497 .

Of persons: Colmān cian of yore, Corp. Gen. 126.2 . Conán máol coinntinneach c.¤ `wearisome (?)', Duan. F. ii 258 § 37 . Corpre comramach c.¤ (: fírian), LL 15741 . Nial c.¤ Caille `old', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 42 .

Other applications: ce beo i tairisium chian, Airne F. 138 . gidh céim c.¤ , BS 120.15 . faghail chian distant, Magauran 4396 . in cú ch.¤ (: níad), LL 29333 .

Predic. with copula, usually long (of time): ni ba cián ṁbete oca cloinib, Ml. 28a10 . nipi c.¤ a masse in choirp lasting , Wb. 28c25 . ni ba cian mbias in pecthach, Ml. 56c22 . ni ba cián ṁbete and, 66d14 . is cián arfolmas dún in sin, Wb. 21a2 . as cian do rairngredh, Blathm. 127 . is cian bus cuman, TE 9 (Eg.). domun dīan / cia bether fair nī ba cīan, ZCP vii 498.5 . cian bhus bladh, Aithd. D. 21.36 . as cian ata an sean-fhocal, MR 286.21 . Of space: is c.¤ etarru `far', Ml. 119d10 . im fochróib bá c.¤ `whether at hand or afar', Sg. 151b2 . ré nách c.¤ , LU 1992 ( FA 6 ).

In phrases. is c.¤ co it is long till (freq. with neg. shortly, soon): niba ch.¤ (leg. c.¤ ? Edd.) cu forcenn á saiguil gl. instare tempus, Ml. 56d7 . níbí cian conid apail, 91d2 . mad c.¤ co tari a fobdhub if it is not immersed quickly (a spear), BDD² 1237 . nirbo chian co toracht C.C. in sligid cetna, LU 8530 ( FB 39 ). nir-bo chian do Chonchobor . . . co facca, CRR 11 . ní cian . . . co teccema frit-sa é, Grail 2665 . Note also: nir cian d'Ercuil . . . in tan nocunnuic in rí E. soon saw, Stair Erc. 463 .

is c.¤ ó it is long since, far from. Of time: is c.¤ ós accobor lemm far ríchtu I have long wished to come to you, Wb. 7a3 . is cian . . . o rot carus, Grail 2359 . robo cian o nach facca-som iad, 1550 . mairg nach cian ó dchualabhair, Content. xi 4 . cian ód cualadh, Keat. Poems 1357 .

Of place: ni cian huaib imbíat `not far from you where they are', Mon. Tall. 151.9 . ni c.¤ úait here he is, IT i 71.20 . is c.¤ uait . . . airm in-das-fil, TBC-LL¹ 884 .

In disjunctive phrases with gar: cid c.¤ cid gair gl. quanto tempore, Wb. 3c5 . cēn gair cech fān imthéit lēn `sooner or later every wanderer comes to grief', Ériu ix 48.23 . cian gar dom beith it ingnais `whether I be a long or short while away from thee', LL i p. xvi 11 . c.¤ garit co bráth, 307a8 ( SG 386.18 ). gēr c[h]ian gar, ML² 156 . As quasi-conjunction however long, as long as, while : cián gar ro batar for innuropair sin, TBC-LL¹ 2038 . cien goirit boi C. ig a díchur dhe, 2302 . co na baoí tesbhaidh neith . . . cian gairitt battar hisuidhe, AFM vi 2276. 11 . cid c.¤ gairit ro bás . . . atrochair . . . , Acall. 4736 . cian gar co toirset nóim ind until (?), 2673 (cid cian gairit no co tí, v.l.). See 1 gar.

With prep. LA: rochīan limsa anad fri sodain I am not prepared to wait that long, TBC-I¹ 375 = c.¤ lim-sa di shodain, TBC-LL¹ 881 . ba cian lasin righ boi an t-ara tall, BNnÉ 323 § 33 . cian lem . . . / tren tucc fa toirrsi m'aignedh it grieves me(?), 254.21 . fada ar saoghal d'éis na bhFian / ní cneasta ná badh cian linn if I did not find it tedious, Measgra D. 71.22 . cíen liom 's ní ar a ghrádh `I long for', Duan. F. ii 162 § 28 . Note also: is c.¤ dúni beith acot irnaidi, TBC-LL¹ 991 .

Adv.: in ch.¤ gl. diu, Ml. 38b4 . Cf. níbu in c.¤ (níbuncían, MS.) riam gl. non multo ante, 32b17 . ro clos cian son a garma `far', Thes. ii 312.16 (Hy. ii) glossed: fo Herinn. co c.¤ dar éis na haband `till long after', Metr. Dinds. iii 168.20 . co cíen `continuously', Ériu xix 10 § 5 . iar tochaithem a bethad dó . . . co cian i fhechtnaigi, PH 4296 .

II As subst. ā, f. (elliptical for ré c.¤ , Zimmer KZ xxx 26 - 27 ). a long time, period : triasna cíana cotaislia .i. trisin ré cian, LU 985 - 6 ( ACC 90 ). is cian mór ó 'tbaltsa, 9496 . baoi cian d'aimsir ag coimhmeasgadh flaithis na Rómha `a length of time', Keat. i 226.19 . mainistear . . . do bhí cádhasach cian d'aimsir, iii 1345 . In: re cian do bhliaghnuibh, Párl. na mB. 390 and re cian d'aimsir, Parrth. Anma 6000 re (see 1 ré) may be noun and cían adj. le cianaibh for ages, Hackett² 21.15 . Of distance: is c.¤ do thír már do muir / eturru is Imlech Ibair, ZCP viii 327.36 . In cheville: céin n-gle `temps glorieux', RC xvii 282 § 6 .

In a variety of adv. phrases. Without prep. (cach la céin) . . . in céin n-aili: cach la céin aisndís dia throgai in céin n-aili aisndis dind fortacht durat Dia do at one time . . . at another, Ml. 40b8 . in céin n-aili `at another time', Sg. 8a9 . in céin n-aili gl. nunc, Ml. 39d12 . Cuaird Comgi Michíl, Cuaird Comgi Muire a n-ainm laisim i cen n-ale (of Hymn to Michael and Hymn to Mary) `respectively', Mon. Tall. 137.20 . Note also: dī-cechlacēin is diultad, alaill is aidbliugud, Corm. Y 418 . nach céin (with neg. vb.) any long while: arna bether ocu nach cein, Mon. Tall. 164.17 (§ 89) . ní beind nach céin i ndamnad, KMMisc. 212.11 . See also 1 nach. Various: atat connarc cein `long ago', Blathm. 102 § 38 (if not céin = féin, cf. tá chéin, for M. Milscothach silence a while(?), BDD² 447 ). is cīan mór hūadh ō dac[h]ótar mo chíghi-si i ndīsca, Cáin Ad. 8 . cian mór uadh `long ago', CCath. 4067 . ro-haidnaiced is cian uad `long ago', PH 657 . do foillsighed dó c.¤ suil do thicfed long before he was due, BNnÉ 328.22 .

For céin mair (with céin used as preverb, GOI 241 ) see maraid. Note further: cein do mhair, Blathm. 207 and n. to 825 . canais moir, 34 , see n. to 133 . can mair in clercin `long life to the little cleric', Ériu v 236.74 . cēnmair Ulltaib, TBC-I¹ 3424 = bochin Ultu, TBC-LL¹ 5748 . bo chinmaír rissa ṅ-gebat, 5707 = cen mair, TBC St. 4709 . Cf. nī gcēinmair doraa an māin (.i. ní mogenar dochonnaic an eladha), ZCP v 488 § 7 (B. na f.). céin mair seems to have influenced céin móir in later language occasionally giving céin máir (see below).

With CO: co céin móir for a long time, LU 5230 ( TBC-I¹ 752 ).

With DI from of yore, long; from afar : ba di chein `from of yore', Blathm. 98 . do-arrchet di chéin no mbiad adrad dǽ la genti gl. sicut scriptum est, Wb. 6d8 . o Adam co dilind dein / in chet-aimser daib dichen, Lec. 30 vb10 . is do chéin gid so afar, TBC-LL¹ 4689 . can dodeachaig? . . . ní do chein, YBL 174a40 . boi . . . Petur i cómitecht Ísu do chéin, PH 3135 . do chéin mair anall, 7046 (see céin mair above). do ch.¤ nó do c[h]omhfhogus `from far or near', Duan. F. ii 62 § 12 . Also in pl.: robadar cethtri cridiscél liom-sæ de chianaib `I have long had four darling wishes', Mon. Tall. 136.20 . As quasi-adj.: sen-briathar do chéin `from of old', Celtica iv 10.41 . Tuatha De Danann dochein, Lec. 58a10 = BB 31a41 . ar ṡeirc ind óclaích . . . di chéin, LL 31153 ( TTr. 336 ).

With ÍAR: in chaingnímai aili is iar ceín rofinnatar after some time, Wb. 29a30 . iar cein, PH 1024 . iar cein shortly, Aisl. Tond. 105 § 3 . íar cēin móir, BColm. 70.18 . iar ccein máir iarsin, BNnÉ 90.24 (see céin mair above). iar ceín mair, BB 18a49 . iar sin iar cenmair, Ériu viii 174.33 . iar cen mair do Th. . . . co faca, Aisl. Tond. 106 § 5 . ier cēin mhāir `a long time ago', Fl. Earls 208.30 . Note also: cu-du-boing cein (.i. iar cein) comarba curu, Bürgschaft 21.4 (for féin ?).

With I N-. For variety of forms cf. rachad a ccéin ┐ a ccíana ┐ a ccíanuibh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 26.19 . indtan noteigdis i céin `when they went a long distance', Mon. Tall. 129.21 . taig drochcarad hi céin (proverbial saying), BDD² 58 . fer bis a cein, Anecd. i 15.1 ( SCano 501 ). dā ndeachaid Congal a ccéin, ZCP viii 109.1 . seisrech . . . a toigheacht a gcianaibh cuige, BNnÉ 186.26 . i gcéin 's i ngar, 51.14 . Note also: rolaus cian i cein / ardo charait i mbrón, LL 18615 . As quasi-adj.: créd agaibh aoidhigh a gcéin `from afar', Studies 1924, 241 § 1 . Rarely of time: ní tualaing ionchoisiod i ccéin i gcuimhne for long, Ériu xiii 29.11 . With ocus: imb i céin fa i n-accus beo-sa, Wb. 23b41 . i ceín ┐ i n-ocus, Thes. ii 356.20 (Hy. vii). cid i cein, cid a focus, Laws i 240.17 Comm.

With ó. ó chéin from of old, long ago : iarsindi ro-n-an hua céin di aisndis dun popul gl. tam longum `after he had ceased a while', Ml. 126b1 . F . . . . atbath ó céin, Trip.² 1513 `long ago', Trip. 133 . is mé ro baeglaiged ó chéin, LU 3921 ( SCC 44 ). Bretain o chéin rodochumdaigset the B. had built it long before, Anecd. iii 70.2 . ós é sin ó chéin ar nós `our ancient custom', Content. xxviii 71 . [Críst] roncuinnig ō chēin chain, ZCP iii 18.27 . o chein mair anall, PH 3422 . ó chíanaibh just now, lately, already: fotdāilfind a nilparttib ō chīanaib acht nīpad Fergus (C.C. to Etarcomal), TBC-I¹ 1198 . mac na trí curad at-rubart a (= ó) chíanaib, MU² 679 . ticbatis Herind o chianaib they would have reached Ireland a while ago, Snedg. u. Mac R 13.9 . leis an íairmbérla adubhart ó chíanuibh just now, IGT Introd. 30.18 . Used as quasi-adj. recent, just mentioned : int urchar o chianaib `the cast just now', TTebe 2087 . is don drochgaidhilg o c[h]ianaibh é above mentioned(?), IGT Metr. Faults287 § 130 . gach re cuidechta a cianaib every other company mentioned, BCC 384.21 .

As n. pr. m. tochomladh Céin a Caisil, Anecd. ii 46.18 . See also Corp. Gen.

III As conjunction

(a) (in) céin (later also i céin , géin ), céine (for) as long as, since, when . Folld. by nasalizing rel. clause in O. Ir. (see GOI 553 ) and in later language also with follg. rel. clause (see Duan. F. iii 44 n.l . ). cein mbith oc ic, Blathm. 39 . cein ba dibh amhatair `since His mother was of them', 103 . ceín rongabus i carcair `so long as I am in prison', Wb. 23b18 . cene ṁ bether in hac uita , Ml. 107d8 . cene conmesarsa olseseom ┐ céne connoither mo thimnasa `as long as I shall give rules . . . and as long as my injunctions are observed', Mon. Tall. 129.29 . cen bai Cormac beo, Ériu xvi 84.101 . céne (cean a, MS.) forcomédaidh fírinni, 65.21 . céin mbete i llucc irnaigdi / céne mbess coic fíal findbalc, iii 104 § 34 . i céin ra búi seom aice-sain, TBC-LL¹ 2956 = an ccein, TBC St. 2564 . hi céin bae Issau ic triall dont ṡeilcg, Celtica iv 8.20 . in cen bes coir dib, Laws i 136.10 Comm. i céin raibh nemh is talamh while heaven and earth last, BNnÉ 314 § 8 . in cein do bas arin cuirt `while this assembly was in session', Ann. Conn. 1228.5 . in gein ronbuí 'na bethaidh, Duan. F. i 55.8 (`a pseudo-archaism', iii 44). géin bhus beo, Content. ii 42 . ? Cf. cen bad buidech, Metr. Dinds. iii 192.35 (leg. céin, Corrig.).

(b) céin co until: cein conid ris `till I reach him', Blathm. 102 § 42 . an frim céin córda sille, LU 3807 ( SCC 37 ). céin co tí . . . don chath, 5872 ( TBC-I¹ 1403 ).? ní béra demon díb nech / cen corop (leg. cor'p) óg nó aithrigech `while they are perfect', BColm. 52.7 . céin co n-ebar in fín nua imalle frib (words of Christ at Last Supper), PH 2995 . céin go dtarrastair .i. no go dtarla, O'Cl. gen gar muig rempu till they won the victory, BNnÉ 310.12 . Exceptionally with art.: in céin co roiscc in ceilebrad, Grail 1790 , ? Cf. cen co tola, Fing. R. 181 (see n.).

COMPDS. With nouns: iar ccianaois, AFM ii 640.12 . cienaimser ria n-a thōgbāil, Fl. Earls 110.15 . a chisde na gcianbhann lúidh (to a prince), DDána 79.27 `O thou who art skilled in the old valour feats', Ir. Monthly 1921, 247 . ? Colla Uais uas chianbla chain, LL 15753 . tochombaig Ciannacht cianbruige, Laws iv 8.17 `C. has recovered distant lands', Celtica vi 227.5 . i cind chían-chóicthigis, TBC-LL¹ 2050 (as two words LL 9331 and so also at 22815 ). ní ro chumaingsiot a chianchosnamh fris in lion sloigh, AFM vi 2026.9 . bud fata bas chianchuman, LL 7822 ( TBC-LL¹ 294 ). co crich cinnte . . . cein-eisergi caich, MR 264.5 . a gcáoile ┐ a ccíaneitche, Ériu v 80.12 . hí cíanfoccus at some little distance, BDD² 626 . dála . . . catha chianfhoghla, DDána 83.8 . clogat . . . cianḟulaing, MR xiv 21 . ar gcabhra i gciainimneadh, Aithd. D. 76.8 . cichsot cēnmuir `shall advance to the distant sea', Ériu xvi 146.7 .

With adjj.: isin set cianfotta, BB 240b15 . tellach dá dechmad / cíanramar `long and solid(?)', Celtica vi 221. 11 ( Laws iv 4.18 ) = cennramar, O'Curry 846 ( H 3.18, 384b ). With adjj. derived from nouns: seanoir cianaosda, MR 42.6 . sein leabar cianáosta, Gorm. p. xviii . a chloidhiomh . . . cianainignech destroying far and wide, MR xiv 24 . clanna cianairgnecha Cuirc , Caithr. CC 81 . do Macc cían clothach `far-renowned', BDD 157 . rosc corrglas cianradarcach, BB 427a36 . níor bhó cianṡaoghlach somh iar ngairm tighearna de, AFM vi 1996.9 . do bhuidhin chuirthe ciainsiublaigh, AFM vi 2318.7 . deaghmhac cian-teasdach Conchubhair far-famed, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 177.w . an chloch cian tuinigte `enormous', AFM vi 2012.11 . ben bhocht chumhthach chíantuirseach, Ériu v 80.5 .

cloth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloth or dil.ie/9602

 

Forms: clotha, clotha, cluith

n o, [n., Meyer Contribb.] n s. clóth nell, IT i 78.13 ( LMU 17 ). n pl. clotha, LL 20494 . a pl. clotha, Ml. 129a13 . ZCP xi 86 § 43 . Anecd. iii 11.11 . BB 299a24 . ? Also: n pl. cluith, ZCP x 53.25 . Blathm. 993 (cloth, MS.: ¤croich). Usu. pl., esp. in early texts.

(a) report, rumour, tidings : airisen oll a clotha / tomaidm lond Locha hEirne, BB 37b29 . topur . . . / feib arslunnet a clotha / ar a (for asa) mbruinnet .uii. primṡrotha, LL 20494 . In pejorative sense: clotha gl. (manet aduersus omnes) rumores (interritus), Ml. 129a13 .

(b) fame, reputation : ní ria clotha ar bíad [ar is ferr dín c.¤ oldás dīn bíd], ZCP xi 86 § 43 . c.¤ glangel, Thes. ii 353.7 (Hy. vi). comba luiet mo gnima eter clothaib neirt n-erred, LU 10272 . for réli do chluith / biat forscailtech raith, LL 18547 (perh. in meaning (c)). ni bia ainech . . . na c.¤ ac neoch contuasi ri drochmná, 345a4 . Crīst na c.¤ , BColm. 100.18 . c.¤ co mbúadhuibh, ZCP viii 197 § 13 . mac flatha dorat cul fri clotha, BB 299a24 . cen chlotha do chāemrannad `his fame was unshared', Ériu xvii 48 § 52 (? without attaining to his fair share of fame) see note. ferrdi c.¤ cuimhniughadh, MR 158.x . an ben robe ferr clu ┐ c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1403.6 .

famous (perh. an old part. but g pl. acc. to Contribb. 393n. ): rop cathāer c.¤ Connacht do chrīch, Corp. Gen. 317.y (line hypermetric). ? dígrais c.¤ `excellent the fame', Thes. ii 344.3 (Hy. v) (.i. clothach in gnim). Cōemgen c.¤ , 331.4 (Hy. v) (.i. clothach .i. airdirc). medhamhain c.¤ , Ériu xiii 24.2 . Hence: c.¤ .i. oirrdric, Stowe Gl. 260 . ? arad c.¤ caín in réim riadait bí (.i. ut dicitur i nImacallaim in da Túarad .i. altram c.¤ .i. foglaim ecse. cluith do thur .i. intí ica mbí a enech do thúr), LU 358 . Cf. árad clod .i. enech, RC xx 44.24 (ACC) (`ladder of hospitalities', Stokes).

Hence (c) generosity : do-llēce dochell do chlothaib, ZCP xi 96 § 54 f. cluith do thúr .i. in lucht in mbí enech do thúr, LL 24406 .

? seissiur for coe, caemthuit cluidh `scholars of renown', Auraic. 2233 . ifirt cloidimh c.¤ cen ḟaighdhe (immirt cloidib clud faigdi, v.l.), IT iii 14 § 29 . bat finna ic tocht issin loch / corcra co c.¤ ciṅgtís uad, LL 28310 (perh. for ro cloth) (`famously', Metr. Dinds. iii 328.56 ).

Compds.

(a) With nouns usu. in meaning famous . tri athchomairc cech doruis, / . . . / fri cach clothalt (1 alt), SR 463 . fo chéimim chlothalt, LL 769 . Mo Chua . . . clothbarr, Gorm. June 4 (-bair, MS). Cr[ist] cain ar clothbile, IT iii 56 § 105 . ina c[h]lothbili chongbāla catha, Fianaig. 86.7 . at clúm claisse co clothblad, LL 2566 (to Emain Macha). Clothchu, epscop . . . Cluana Ioraird, AFM i 398.10 . clothdelgg n-unga[e] `precious brooch' (Gloss.), Críth G. 346 . Concobair . . . / clothrig clothEmnae, Ériu viii 172.22 (rhet.). cloitherr, Leb. Gab.(i) 108.8 . athesc clothḟir, LL 20724 . cloithghein, BB 37b7 . clothgnima C., MR 150.23 . for Coin Culaind for clothmaccaem Croebruade, LL 12567 . os cach clothmaig, SR 7031 . Cloithnia, comharba Ailbhe, AFM ii 852.20 . macc do Chairind cloth-Níall `famed Niall', Ériu iv 92 § 6 . clothond oc buaid (.i. robo ail [i cath] he oc breith buada do cach no clothond .i. cloch cloithi), LU 922 ( ACC 77 ). do clothand chineoil Fheargna, Hard. ii 288.z (cloth (eadhon) clú, clothonn (eadhon) carrtha cliuthech). clothrī Insi finni Fáil, Rawl. 88b9 . Erc mac Cairpri clothrí Herend, LL 6435 . fri Conall clothriatha (1 ríad), LU 8908 ( FB 68 , rhet.). clothruire (of Christ), Blathm. 144 . clothruire Tuaighe Inbhir, AFM ii 572.2 . nirbat dergnat chormthigi / nir ḟacba do chlothuide your wonted way(?), LL p. 124 marg. sup.

(b) With adj. im Concobur clothamra, LU 8404 ( FB 28 ). hua Conaill Cuirc clothamri, ZCP viii 307.13 (rhet.). cáemṡenchas Carmuin chlothaird, LL 25124 . coemainech clothbán (sic leg.) (of Derdriu), IT i 70.2 ( LMU 5 ). Clothbeo ingen Conchobair, LL 373a1 . co clú clothbind `of sweet report', Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 55 . dagḟir Cruachna clothbuirre of swelling fame, LL 20331 . o ríg Cruachna clothchóir, 20548 . slóg na Crúachna clothchuirre `eminent in fame', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.60 . ós brúachaib Carmuin chlothmaith `well-famed', 12.134 . Blod mac C. meic Caiss clothmín, ii 54.8 .

(c) With adj. derived from noun. a Chūchulaind clothmīadach, TBC-I¹ 2380 (verse).

1 corc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 corc or dil.ie/12439

 

n heart (B. na f.): mo c[h.] am reilic roghaol .i. mo chraidhe am chorp robris, ZCP v 487 § 2 . dochombuich mo ch.¤-sa thall .i. mo craidi-si astigh, w. c.¤ na dtūath (of a chieftain), § 15 . ong nach rān a chuirc slabhar .i. is trūagh nach fír a craidhe fairsing, 488 § 6 . See 2 cor, cuirc .

4 corc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 corc or dil.ie/12442

 

x = corcra: a lassar chorcc di-a gnuis `purple light', PH 621 . robo c.¤ andara n-ai (rocorc andara n-ai, v.l.) ┐ araili a [m]broind a mathar, Anecd. i 19.1 . conloisc a hó. Is de ba c.¤ C. mac Luigthig, iii 57.17 . As pn sobriquet: Iugulatio Cathail Cuirc , AU i 182.7 . muimme Chonaill Chuirc, Anecd. iii 57.4 . As n. pr. m. C.¤ Duibni, LU 4363 . C.¤ mac Láre, Anecd. iii 57.9 .

cuirc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuirc or dil.ie/13648

 

n ong nach rān a ch.¤ slabhar .i. is trūagh nach fír a craidhe fairsing, ZCP v 488 § 6 (B. na f.). Cf. 1 corc.

Daid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Daid or dil.ie/14164
Last Revised: 2013

 

gen. npr. m. Father of Corc: mac Cuirc meic Dhaíd meic Cuineda, BB 218 e 47 .

Daig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Daig or dil.ie/14170
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Deada, Deadha, Deadhga, Deadhad

i, npr. m. In Mid.-Ir. MSS frequently confused with Ded, Dedad. n s. Daig Bec, LL 312 a 48 . 312 b 60 ( a quo Hui Dega Bic). Rawl. 119 a 35 . BB 133 b 49 . Daig mac Cairill, LL 24 b 42 . 41 c 9 . Anecd. ii 28. 8 . AFM i 212. 3 . D.¤ mac Cuirc , LL 319 c 32 . BB 172 b 4 . D.¤ mac Dubthaig, LL 330 c 33 . D.¤ mac Enna Labrada LL 389 b 38 41 . D.¤ mac Lugdach, 331 a 52 . a s. im Daig, LL 204 b 59 . Rawl. 204 b 59 . g s. Ogh. DEGOS, DEGO Macalister Ir. Ep. ii 88 . iii 145 , 192 . filius Dego, Thes. ii 259 . 40 . Inis Cain Dego, AU i 268. 1 . ( Dega, Fél. 186. 40 ). Dega meic Cuirc , BB 176 b 27 . meic Labrada, 133 b 49 . Dega, LL 45 a 16 . 205 b 6 . 316 b 59 . 312 b 60 . Rawl. 160 b 32 . SG 17. 6 . Lec. 350 b 4 . 354 b 3 . Often spelt Deada, Deadha, Deadhga ( meic Dubthaigh, BB 219 d 54 ), Deadhad ( meic Cuirc , BB 176 b 40 , 178 d 18 = Dega meic Cuirc , LL 320 e 12 f.b. ). Plur. nói nDaigith, LU 80 b 32 ( = Daithig TBC-LL¹ 2010 Y). Cf. Holder, s.v. Daig .

Dedad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dedad or dil.ie/14974

 

Forms: Dedad, Dedhad, Dedhadh, Deadad, Deadadh, Deadhadh, Degad, Deagad, Deaadh, Degug, Dedaid, Deagaidh, Deagaidh, Deaghaidh, debaid, Dedad, Deadhadh, Dedaid, Dedaig, Deadhaidh, Degaid, Deághaidh, Dedadh, Dedad, Dedaid, Dedad, Ded, Dead, Deadh, Deag, Deda, Dedu, Deda, Dega, Dea, Dé

gen. npr. m.

Agen. Dedad (: blad, MR 212. 8 ): LU 51 b 8 . LL 12 a 9 . 14 a 9 . 17 b 15 , 32 . 18 a 27 . 152 a 20 . 319 a 1 , 9 , 15 f.b. 319 b 28 . 319 b 34 . 321 c 6 f.b. 321 c 54 . 324 e 9 . 324 f 15 . Further instances from LL: ScM. § 7 (thrice). TBC-LL¹ 1484 . CRR §§ 16. 17 .— BB 83 b 9 . 139 a 26 . 140 b 43 . 152 d 20 . 153 a 30 . 176 f 14 .— Cáin Ad. 12 . TBC-LL¹ 79 YBL. ZCP iii 44 st 21 . Fianaig. 36. 25 . Dedhad: MacCarthy 304. 2 BB. Dedhadh: Dinds. § 48 . BB 146 e 40 . Deadad: MR 212. 8 YBL. BB 148 c 51 . 153 a 51 . 163 b 7 . 169 a 44 . 176 f 17 . MacCarthy 194. 9 BB. Deadadh: BB 31 b 15 . 176 f 22 . Deadhadh: BB 176 f 5 . 231 b 45 . BS § 68. 1 . Degad: LL 390 a 38 . Fél. 96 at March 12 . Deagad: Lism. L. xvi 12 . Deaadh (disyllabic) BB 30 b 5 (cf. LL 152 a 20 ). Degug, ZCP ix 123. 21 .—acc. Dedaid TBC-LL¹ 4772 LL. Deagaidh, ib., Stowe. Deagaidh, ML 16. 6 . Deaghaidh, Stor. Keat. 69. 2 f.b.

B Extended to o-stem. By the rhyme Dedaid: debaid LL 129 a 24 this inflexion is established for the 11th century (poem by Gilla Coemáin mac Gilla Saer Samthainne † 1072). —nom. Dedad: LL 323 d 36 . 324 e 10 . Rawl. 153 b 17 . Deadhadh, BB 172 a 44 . — gen. Dedaid: LL 129 a 24 ( MacCarthy 194. 7 ). 138 a 46 . 144 b 20 . 170 a 3 . 198 b 34 . 198 b 2 f.b. 336 b 18 . 350 e 47 . 198 a 50 (: sain). Rawl. 147 a 30 ; 158. 21 . Dedaig: LL 129 a 25 ( MacCarthy 194. 9 ). Deadhaidh, BB 172 a 44 . 173 b 45 . Top. Poems 122. 2 f.b. Degaid, SG 280. 17 . Deághaidh, ML 16. 17 .—dat. Dedadh, Dinds. § 48 . —acc. Dedad, TBC-LL¹ 4772 YBL.

C Nom.

(a) Dedaid, LL 319 c 15 , orig. the acc. and dat. of A.

(b) Dedad, v. B.

(c) Ded, Lec. 409 a 49 . Rawl. 149 a 40 , 43 ; 151 a 39 . Laud 610 98 a = ZCP viii 314. 35 . Dead, Lec. 409 a 44 . BB 173 b 49 . Deadh, 173 b 44 , 48 (cf. 176 f 14 ). 176 f 31 . Deag, Lec. 418 a 51 . 586 b 35 . Old nom. of A. A nom. Deda ( Contribb. 599 ; Dedu, MacNéill Pop. Gr. 84 ) does not seem to occur, unless Beda's Deda (`presbyter et abbas de monasterio Peartaneu,' Beda 2. 16 ) comes in here. In Mid.-Ir. frequently confused with Daig (gen. Dega) and Dea, Dé. Thus BB 176 b 40 , 178 d 18 : meic Deadhadh (meic Cuirc) for meic Dega (sic LL 320 e 12 , 20 f.b. Cf. ib. 319 c 32 . BB 172 b 4 . 176 b 27 ). Ireoil mac Degad, LB 20 e 14 = Iriel mac Deaa, BB 223 a 25 . Cf. Daig and 1 Dea.

D.¤ mac Coirpri grandson of Niall of the nine hostages and father of Gemle BB 83 b 9 . D.¤ mac Dáiri Cherba grandson of Ailill Flann Bec. Húi Dedad in Eoganachta traced to him LL 319 c 15 . Brother of Eocho, Fidach, Fiacha, Dau, Dáire BB 173 b 44 . 173 b 48 . Cf. 176 f 31 . Lec. 409 a 44 , 49 . Rawl. 149 a 40 . LL 319 c 15 . Father of Dau, Der, Lugaid , ib. Father of Bracan BB 176 f 14 . D.¤ mac Degluini grandson of Eterscéle mac Degloth and father of Braccán LL 321 c 6 f.b. BB 176 f 17 . D.¤ mac Domnaill grandson of Donn mac Dubṡalach LL 323 d 36 . Rawl. 153 b 17 . Stor. Keat. 69. 2 f.b. D.¤ mac Fiachrach Bruige nó mac Fiachrach o Éle brother of Dau BB 173 b 49 . D.¤ mac Sin grandson of Ro-Ṡin mac Trir , a contemporary of Conchobar mac Nessa and provincial king of Ireland, MacCarthy 304. 2 . Cóiced Sláinge his province BB 31 b 15 . Foster-father of Dau LL 129 a 24 , 25 . 319 a 1 f.b. Rawl. 143 a 17 . 147 a 30 . MacCarthy 194. 7 , 9 . Father of seventeen sons MR 212. 8 YBL. Father of Ailill: LL 144 b 20 . 336 b 18 . 350 e 47 . BB 176 f 22 . Of Braccán, LL 144 b 20 . BB 176 b 22 . Of Conall Anglondach: BB 152 d 20 . 153 a 30 , 51 . Of Echbél: ScM. § 7 . Of Futhi: LL 144 b 20 . 324 e 9 , f 15 . BB 139 a 26 . Lec. 406 a 17 . Of Garbán: LL 198 b 34 . Dinds. § 48 . Of Iar: BB 140 b 43 . 146 e 40 . 148 c 51 . Of Dáire (thus also LL 144 b 20 . 319 a 9 f.b. , b 28 . BB 152 d 20 ), Binne, Ros (cf. LL 152 a 20 . BB 30 b 5 . ZCP iii 44 st 21 ), Forói, Glass, Conganchness (cf. ScM. § 7 . LL 138 a 46 . BB 169 a 44 ) ┐ rl., LL 319 a 15 f.b. Four more sons mentioned BB 152 d 20 , which added to those mentioned above give seventeen, the number given of his sons MR l.c. Father of Daríne, Fianaig. 36. 25 . Brother of Teth LL 324 e 9 . BB 139 a 26 . Of Febra mac Sin, Dinds. § 48 . — D.¤ derg díumsach, ML 16. 6 , 17 . D.¤ , father of Dairne Donn, SG 280. 17 . D.¤ Dian, father of Senach Garb, LL 198 a 50 . D.¤ Dron, father of Echtge LL 170 a 3 . 198 b 2 f.b. Mess Dedaid, Rawl. 158. 21 . O'Deadhaigh, Top. Poems 122. 2 f.b. —In sept-names: Húi Dedad (i.e. Dedad meic Dáiri Cerba): LL 321 c 54 . 390 a 38 . BLism. 45 a 2 . BB 172 a 44 . 173 b 45 . 176 f 5 . Cf. Hogan. Clanna (Clann) Dedad (i.e. Dedad meic Sin): a frequent name for the Érainn; cf. Ernai Muman día mbátar C. D.¤ , LL 14 a 9 . LU 51 b 8 . do chlannaib Dedad meic Sin, TBC-LL¹ 79 YBL. LL 319 b 34 . TBC-LL¹ 1484 . Fél. p. 96 . Recartacha D.¤ , CRR § 16 . —In nom. loci: Luachair Dedad: LL 12 a 9 . 17 b 15 , 32 . 18 a 27 . ScM. § 7 . BS § 68. 1 .

dub

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dub or dil.ie/18985
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dubh, duib, Dubchroin, Dubgaill, dublathi, dublocha, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib-, Dub-, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duibe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibinne, Dublachtnai, Dubdartaig, Duibduinig, Duibdunaigh, Duibsinaich, Dubslataigh, Duibchonna, Duibchonnaid, Duchormac, Dubinrecht, Dubanich, Duibcind, Duibcinn, Duibgind, Duibchruib, Dubchertain, Dubchon, Duibdeochain, Duibdiberg, Duibeoin, Duibedain, Dubgillai, Dubgoband, Dublaich, Dubloingsigh, Dubgosa, Dublitir, Dublitri, Dubluachair, Dubrind, Dubroith, Duibdirma, Duibdligid

I Adj. u (see GOI 227 ) black, swarthy; dark:

(a) In lit. sense: dubh gl. niger, Ir. Gl. 381 , 802 . Ethioip in datha derbduib, LL 136a14 . forollscad for ratha | comdar datha duibe, Metr. Dinds. iii 218 . in d.¤, in liath (colours of winds), SR 61 (cf. Laws i 26 ). in temen . . . eter duib ┐ corcair, 80 . abrait duib black eyelashes, TBC-I¹ 30 . folt d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5269 , 5424 . ech d.¤ , 3380 . cait duba, Laws i 152 Comm. di énlaithib dubuib (= graves aves), Lat. Lives 32 . dond ḟiuc[h] d.¤ , SR 2558 . uan . . . cen gaili nduib, 3902 . airnidhe dubha black sloes, BS 22 . demun d.¤ , SR 7773 . for demnu duba, 8320 . milidh duibh (dhubha, v.l.), RC xxxiv 320 . slog d.¤ dorcha (of devils), PH 8101 . teglach d.¤ dorcha, 8197 . il-luc d.¤ dorcha, Fél. Mar. 9 . tír nd.¤ ndóthide, FA § 21 . sruth usci duib dorchai, § 30 . for trágaib duba, SR 8068 . dubaib rathib rogemrid in the dark seasons of deep winter, Ériu vii 2 . fion dubh dark (i.e. red) wine , 23 A 4, 94.11 ; 95.1 . linn d.¤ black bile, melancholy (med.), O'Gr. Cat. 176 ; o imdughad lenna duibe, 23 P 10, 25a20 . Of persons, swarthy of complexion or blackhaired: Odba . . . in d.¤ dedblada[ch], BB 405a17 . na bāingela duba fair(-skinned) dark(-haired) women (?), ZCP viii 113.4 . Of a blind person: atú-sa mar bís dall d.¤ , ZCP vi 263 . As subst.: a d.¤ na sūl iris or pupil (?), 23 P 10, 88 .

(b) Fig. dark (in moral sense); dire, gloomy, melancholy: find cach cóir, d.¤ cach ndebaid, ACL iii 229 . do chosc do dimda buib thy black displeasure, Metr. Dinds. iii 62 . le scēl ndoilphi nd.¤ a false tale of woe, Lec. 608a16 . co d.¤ domenmnach truag, Cog. 62 . sonnach suairc nach dubh re deoraidh that has not black looks for the wanderer, Ó Bruad. iii 188 ( O'Gr. Cat. 555 ). rún nach d.¤ re saoghal séin `purpose prized by ages blessed thereby', Ó Bruad. ii 266 . na secht nduba Temrach .i. septem anni mali, ZCP xii 235 § 52 .

(c) In B. na f. great, expressing intensity; prob. an extension of (b) and common esp. as prefix: dubh .i. mór: d.¤ an fhuil-si .i. as mór an créchd.¤ , O'Cl. in dae sin cidh dubh (.i. mor) a ghlor though loud his noise, ZCP v 483 . ? biaid dano int ēsca lethumai iarthoir Macha .i. tāidlech ar crābud ┐ is d.¤ a riagol re tri fichtib mbliadna, ix 452 .

Equative: duibidir degaid, Ériu ii 122 . dubithir dethaig, BDD² 517 . duibithir druimne daeil, 22 ; TBC-LL¹ 5550 . dubithir ré drommannaib dega, LL 235b11 . duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 . duibither fiaich, TBC-LL¹ 5634 . duibithir funchi fedil, Metr. Dinds. iii 256 , cf. O'Mulc. 540 . duibithir gual, RC xiii 5 . duibigther gual, xxiv 196 . duibhithior gual gabhonn, Keat. iii p. 379 . duibithir uibhli, Aisl. Tond. xiii 5 = comdubh re gual, p. 133 . Compar. duibi nā srath fuail cach gen, Lec. 347a47 . fá duibe iná gual a glúine, SG 251 . is duibhe a ngnúis ná gual, Lament. iv 8 .

II As subst. n., later o, m.

(a) black pigment, esp. ink: ó d.¤ gl. atramento, Wb. 15a10 . drochd.¤ , Sg. p. 217 (Thes. ii p. xxii). is tana a nd.¤ the ink is thin, Sg. p. 248b (ib.). iar n-airnechtain duib scripthar int psailim tria d.¤ after the invention of ink . . . with ink, Hib. Min. 243 . dubh scribind, Fél. p. 246 . doirtid a dig for duillinn | do d.¤ in chuilinn chnesglais ink made from holly, Laud 610, 615.55 , cf. Colmán duib Chuilinn, Fél. Nov. 24 and note p. 246 . penn bog gér ┐ d.¤ ruadh righin, O'Gr. Cat. 120 . adharc dhuibh an inkhorn , Eg. Gl. 650 . adeir Pól . . . nach le dubh do sgríobh í, Eochairsg. 14 . sgríobhadh ré pápéur ┐ ré dubh, 2 John 12 . olc sin, a dhuibh, TTr.² 875 (scribal note). ? Of a black liquid in general: mar attib . . . dig don rodub (roda, v.l.) rúamda, Metr. Dinds. iii 220 (see rota).

(b) gall: g s. duib gl. fellis, BCr. 35a3 ( Thes. ii 24 ). d.¤ ┐ mill na darach oak-gall (?) (prescription for a styptic), 23 P 10, 150va36 .

Note also: tucus ri toeb crīche, cia héraic bad mó | d.¤ dés is d.¤ tuinne, LL 147a50 `black of land (?) and black of wave', PRIA xix 553 , with note: `dub . . . has a proverbial or technical meaning, implying certain commodities, etc., exacted as tribute. Perhaps "doubtful or disputed portion", cf. dubfine'. Cf. Dub-thuinne below. d.¤ .i. duithir ( dawn?), Stowe Gl. 50 .

Compds.

I With adj. In dvandva compds.: dub-brecc dark and speckled , SR 2955 . folt dubchas black and curling , TBC-I¹ 3219 . More oft. as intens. prefix: ¤deróil: cliar drechach nár duibdereoil `dark and feeble' ( very feeble ?), RC xxiv 182 . ¤diamair, SG 307.23 . ¤grāna, KMMisc. 317 . ¤láidir: dōdlāmha dublaidire, CF 205 . ¤temen: muir ndubthemen, SR 909 . Esp. with adjj. of colour to denote a deep shade: ¤chorcur dark crimson gl. ferrugo (explained as color purpurae), Sg. 52a11 . do sciathaib dubc[h]orcra, Fianaig. 88 . ¤chrón; as n.pr. m. a Dubchroin , Hib. Min. p. 77 . hí Dubchroin, Lec. 349b38 . ¤derg dark red , TBC-I¹ 1916 . batir domna dubderga a dí shúil, LL 117b18 . ¤donn dark brown or dun: dubtonn, Thes. ii 236.13 . stéd dubdhonn, SG 269 . dercoin darach dubdhuinne, BS 130 . bratt don scarlóid dubhdhuinn, Anecd. i 76 . As n.pr. m., Metr. Dinds. iii 318 . ¤glas dark blue-grey, livid colour: dubglass gl. caeruleum, Sg. 70b12 . ech d., Acall. 3776 ; Anecd. i 12 . gabur d., ZCP iv 33 . broit dubglasa, TBC-I¹ 11 . co nathrachaib dubglasa, TTebe 524.322 . Hence dubglasaid turns livid: cia bānait ┐ dúbglasait do beoil, PH 8131 . ro bansat a n-aighthe ┐ a ngnúisi, ro dubhglassatar a mbeoil, CCath. 4632 . ¤gorm blue-black, intense black: ech d., Acall. 242 . adbai na ndoel ndúbgorm, PH 8256 . ¤lachtne dark tan-coloured: brat dublachtne, RC xiv 450 . dublactna, xiii 28 . As n.pr. m. Rawl. 150b35 . ¤líath dark grey . As subst.: ? bíaid dano in douibliath (duibliath, v.l.) doich anechde Loch Rí, ZCP ix 451 . ¤odar dark brown or dun: co lin[n]paitib dubodraib, RC xv 439 . As n.pr. m. Dubodor, Rawl. 159a24 . ¤ruad dark red , SR 4046 .

In adj. formed from nouns: ¤altach black-limbed (?): ag indarba deman ┐ d. bís (exorcista), Lec. 340b43 . ¤chestach. As sobriquet: Dáire D. of the dark questions, RC xvi 34 ( Dinds. 84 ). ¤chosach blackfooted . Name of a bird, Anecd. i 38 . As sobriquet, in D. Beinne Gulbain, SG 280 . As subst. o, m., name of a plant, black maidenhair (capillus Veneris), ACL i 326 . don dubhcosaigh , 329 . anmanna an dubhchosaigh, 23 K 42 339.9 . ¤détach black-toothed: as sobriquet, Fergus D., ZCP viii 327 . F. Duibhdhéadach, Keat. iv 294 . ¤ḟograch: muir mintonnach d. plaintive-sounding , RC xxiv 373 . ¤geltach melancholy-mad (downright m.?): glac duibgealtaigh gortaigh, IT iii 101 ( Bruchst. § 71 ). ¤gnúisech black-faced: daosgarshluagh dubh-ghnúiseach deamhan, TSh. 1975 . ¤gus-rúnach full of black crafty thoughts, CF 871 . ¤luirgnech black-shanked, -legged . Name of a horse, Acall. 270 . ¤nertach (intens.): for Daire ṅdian ṅd., LL 213b31 . ¤smúaintigthech: tiubrā dorcha dubhsmuaintigheach 'a dark, brooding, bushy brow', BDC 256.558 . ¤ṡúilech black-eyed: ni thuca in dubshúilig ndochoisc do not marry an intractable black-eyed woman, ZCP viii 112 . As sobriquet: in Findṡúilech et in Dubṡúlech, LL 327a33 . mac Taidhg Dubhsuiligh, AU 1496 (iii 406) .

II With nouns: ¤aba, ¤abann: teora dubaibne hÉrenn .i. Fubna, Torand ┐ Caland, LL 16b36 . tomaidm tri ndubabann, 17a19 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤adaig: i ndubaidchib dark nights, Laws ii 2 . ¤aigén abyss, deep ; goiridh an dubhaigén chum an dubhaigéin deep calleth unto deep, Psalms xlii 7 . ó dhuibhaighén na fairrge, lxviii 22 . Cf. duibecán. ¤aithech black churl (disparaging epithet): la borg d., FB § 71 . ¤alt dark spot, Ó Bruad. ii 166 . ¤áth: ic dubáthaib derg-Maisten black fords, Metr. Dinds. iii 74 ; see Hog. Onom. ¤broid: mo dhuithche fá mhogsain 's fá dhubh-bhroid dark bondage , O'Gr. Cat. 30 . ¤buidechair name of a disease (kind of jaundice?): a n-aghaidh an (sic) dubhbuidheachaire, 23 K 42, 384.1 . ¤chailech part of an axe: gall-biail . . . cona dib dubhchailchib .i. cona dib cluasaib, O'Dav. 532 . ¤chend lit. black-head, name of a sword; later (in poetic lang.) sword in general (later also ¤gin, ¤ginn, perh. through influence of gin sword-edge). a gabair is a dubcend (.i. a ech ┐ a chlaideb), LU 1037 . colg ┐ d.¤ duo nomina gladii , 1038 . is for rigaib focheird feit | indiu d. la Diarmeit, ZCP iii 214 ( LU 9674 ) = indiu in duibgen la D., SG 398 . a duibhginn (.i. a claidemh) ina deghsgib, ZCP v 489 (B. na f.). con duibciund (.i. cloidem) ina dagscip, LB 240a21 . duibhgeann .i. cloidheamh, O'Cl. Also n.pr. m., see below. ¤cheo: duibnēll duibchiach, FB § 36 Eg. ¤chís: cáin, dubhchíos nó custum do chur orra tribute , Ezra vii 24 . fa duibhchíos, Proverbs xii 24 . ¤chlais n.loc. for D., Sc.M² 23 § 23 . ¤chrand: d. mór uaso (of a shaft or pillar?), BDD § 85 . ¤chrech: dubchrecha ┐ chnáim chrói `secret raids' (murderous raids?), Cáin Ad. § 46 . ¤doíre black bondage , SR 5286 . ¤dortad (intens.): forran na tond annuas ac d. forro, Aen. 247 . ar nd. don dīlinn, Anecd. i 26 . Cf. ara ndubdhortaibh dileann, CF 730 . ¤draic: tír nathrach is dubdrac, Rawl. 78b10 . ¤draigen blackthorn, sloe: airne dubhdroighin, Acall. 344 . ¤druim (intens.): dubhdhruim do chor ris an saidhbhreas to renounce altogether, TSh. 10097 . ¤dúnad: fōidis C. Loeg uad isin duibdunad co Fiacha . . . do chuindchid lēgi (apparently a camp distinct from that of the warriors), TBC-I¹ 2766 . ¤én crow or raven , O'Mulc. 310 (= fiach). elta d., RC xiv 416 . ealtada do dubenaib (sic leg.), ZCP x 298 . ¤étach: d'umhluighios a nduibhédach, Psalms xxxv 14 . ¤éthech: secip fethal foa tosar a ndubethech downright perjury , Ériu vii 156 . ¤ḟine one of the inferior divisions of the `fine tuaithe', Laws iv 282 follg. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 148 . ¤ḟocal obscure word: d. .i. da focal .i. focal ┐ focal solus, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18 415 -16); Lec. Gl. 565 . ? ¤ḟolach: dubithir leth d., IT i 310 ( LL 113b13 ). ¤ḟuath black hatred: robhaoi a d. go mór ga bhráithribh, TFrag. 170 . ¤ḟuil: lia dubhfhola, Acall. 1739 , 8002 . cairi dubḟola, MU² 730 (cf. TBC-LL¹ 4336 , TBC-I¹ 2810 ). ¤ga black spear (particularly in phrase fir dubga): dobebat flathi ria n-anflathaib la fursmalta fer ndubga[e] '(lawful) princes will perish before usurpers by the oppressions (?) of the men of the black spears', RC xxvi 38 § 191 (a portent of the end of the world). di sceo neimhe fer ndubgæ 'from the venomous clash of black-speared men', BDC 108.85 (of Connachta). flaith fer ndubgāi, ZCP ix 169.28 (of Vikings). See BDC 163 .​​ co nd. nduaibsech, MR 198 . ¤gait nefarious stealing: soiscela mor Coluimcille do d., AU 1006 = CS 1005 . ¤gall black foreigner, Dane (opp. to findg. Norwegian): Dubgoill do thecht do Áth Clíath, AFM 849 . na Dubgaill, LL 377a7 . Drochet Dubgaill (n.loc.), Cog. 184 . Also n.pr. m., Rawl. 154a17 . gen. mac Dubgaill , RC xviii 349 , etc.

¤gen(n)te (pl.) black heathens, Danes: tetacht dubgennti du Ath Cliath, AU 850 . tancatar Dubgenti Danarda, Cog. 229 (LL). Dainfhir ón Dania . . . is diobh ghairthear Duibhgheinnte nó Dubhlochlonnaigh, Keat. iii 2456 .

¤glas ( ¤glais) dark stream or river: glorach for dubglais innocht, LL 298a21 ( SG 366 ). éicne dubglaisse duinne, SG 388 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤gentlidecht black heathenism: ni bia cretim acht duibgenntligecht hi tir nErenn, Trip. clxxxii ( LB 12a ). ¤guin (intens.): tucadar dubgona dluithi . . . ar a cheli, CF 129 . ? ¤gortus: ar a urrdhurcus, ar a ṡuilbere, ar a dubghortus, IT iii 92 . ¤greim (intens.): rug M. dubhghreim dian ar ubhall brághad ar S., PCT 1644 . ¤inis: i nduibinsib ind ociain, Lism. L. p. 354 ( LL 373d ). ¤lacht (pejorative): ar dhubhlacht duthain an domhnáin, TSh. 2287 . ¤laíd: Conall Cael rochanad d. `singer of a dark song', Arch. Hib. ii 71 . dubláidi dindsenchais `dark lays', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . ¤laith lit. black fluid or humour; melancholy: (g s. as adj.?) is dublathi díscir dian (of a person), MacCongl. 87 . dubhlaithe a ndeoid an domain, Harl. 5280, fo. 42a . ¤lén: an duibhlénsa this black sorrow, BS 92 . ¤lestar black vessel, name of a measure (?): dā dubhlestur deac do cormam (sic) i ndé sechtmuine (allowance of a monk), ZCP vi 271 . ¤lethar: scíath cona thugi dublethair, RC xiv 404 . ¤lia: d. fola, Acall. 6999 . ¤líath see above. ¤lind dark liquid: lónchore mór . . . d. uathmar and; mescthus béos isin duiblinn, BDD § 128 . black pool: ar dublind Brea, Dinds. 132 ( RC xvi 137 ). tar duiblinn imm Brae, ZCP iv 40 . As n.loc., name of rivers, later name of Áth Cliath Dublin: co Dublind Átha Cliath, Cog. 226 ( LL 309b19 ), LL 44b11 . Ámlaib . . . dagrí Dublindi, IT iii 15 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loch: cu glais Tamlachtae dublocho (= lacūs nigri), Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 238 ). pl. dublocha ifrind, RC xxvi 158 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loinges lit. black exile , esp. the band of Ulstermen who followed Fergus m. Roich to Connacht: toíssech don dúbhloingius la Fergus, Cóir Anm. 275 . tiaguit Connachtuid ┐ in dubluingius, RC x 226 . robris forsin dublongais, LL 44a17 . an dubhloingeas .i. an sluagh deoraidheachta dochuaidh lé Fearghus i gConnachtaibh, Keat. ii 3266 . Of an outlaw band in general: ar dteacht dubhloingis go Cruachain, 2034 . ¤luachat (intens.): ilar ṅdorcha ṅdubluachat, SR 904 . ilar na nd., RC iv 252 . ¤lochlonnach Dane (oppd. to findl. Norwegian), see gente above. ¤lus name of a herb used in med., ACL i 335 §§ 61 , 89 (prob. symphytum or comfrey , Germ. Schwarzwurz). ¤mind: mionnuighim dhíb fa na dhuibhmhionnaibh is dual damh black (i.e. solemn, awful?) halidoms, Maguires of F. § 62 (reliquary is called `in Dubhineach', § 63 ). ¤nél, SR 7418 . d. nemi, TFerbe 181 . eirach an duibhneóil írchra, Ériu i 103 § 65 . fo dhuibhnellaib, Lism. L. 2771 . ¤nóin: fuinsid anuad ó d. duinn, SG 366 . Cf. ó maidin co dubhnónaigh `black noon', i.e. midnight, Cog. 114 . ¤oenach `black assembly', a name given to the Fair of Tailtiu held by Donnchad s. of Flann Sionna, k. of Ireland (see AU 926 ): ō Patraic co d. Dondchada maic Mailsechlainn, Dinds. 99 ( RC xvi 50 ). co dubaenach nDonnchada meic Flainn, SG ii 469 . ¤raed: inmain andord tria d. dark wood, IT i 79 . ¤recht: fri dubrechtu gentliuchtae black laws of heathenry, Hy. vii ( Thes. ii 357 ). ¤reclés name of Colum Cille's oratory at Derry, LB 237a3 . in dubreicles, AU ii 153 (` penitentiary '). teora bliadna bái cen lēss | Colum ina duibregless, RC xviii 160 ; BCC § 185 . do coir (leg. comair?) an duibreicléis, ib.; AU 1166 . ¤ mighty king: Finntan . . . Senach . . . Colman . . . tri dúibríg co ngliaid gaile, Fél. lii . ¤roén dark plain (?): ba bind mo dord dar dubráen, Imr. Brain ii 290 . black (crushing) defeat (?): rodosdedaig fo dubraen, SR 6550 . fo dubroenaib, 5558 . ¤rún dark design (?): dubrúin, TBC-I¹ 1692 . ¤rota dark pigment or liquid: do d. ┐ do gual, IT iii 191 . rofothraicit for dubrodae, Dinds. 46 ( RC xv 439 ). ¤sciath, TBC-I¹ 1795 . ¤ṡesra name of a measure, RC xv 439 ( Dinds. 46 ). ¤ṡín foul weather: nosdoirtend forro . . . in duib-sin ┐ dearrtan, Aen. 224 . la toidhecht na duibhshine geimhreta, Marco P. 36 . ? inna dubthíne, ZCP viii 313.2 . ¤ṡlán defiance, challenge: dubhshlán na Féinne fughat the F. defy thee, Oss. iv 136 . thug dubhṡlan fáoi defied, Eg. Gl. 356 . ó thug sé dúbhshlán shloigh Dé bhí defied the hosts, 1 Sam. xvii 36 . Later also dullán: do dhullan faoi I challenge you to do it, Luc. Fid. 311 ; 323 , 325 . ¤ṡluag: d. détla danarda, MR 184 . ¤ṡnechta: imat duibhshnecta teintidi `fiery dark snow', Ériu ii 136 . ¤thalam: dréchtfaid an dubh[th]alamh (sic leg. with v.l.), ZCP viii 212.1 . ¤thám: a ndul uli do dubthám that they should all die of black pestilence, Ériu iv 180 . ¤thír: as n.loc., see Hog. Onom. ¤threbtha `black husbandries' (pejor.), Triads 140 . -thredan black fast (lasting three days): co ndernsat dubthrédan, RC xii 436 . bliadan dubtredain cen dig cen biad cen cotlud, RC xv 489 . arra duibtredain, ib. ¤throscad black fast, keeping a black fast: dubthroscuth (= ieiunium atrum), Ériu vii 144 . do dubtroscad iar mór-chin, RC xv 488 . arra dubtroisct[h]e, 489 . ¤thuata: don dubhthuata ignorant layman, Eochairsg. 48 . ¤urla: each dub go nd. ndub black mane, ZCP viii 228 . As n.pr. m.: do sgur Í D., ib.

See also sections (c) and (d) under proper names below.

Dub in Proper Names. As n.pr. o, m. (allegor.): Dian ┐ D.¤ is Dothur, Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . D.¤ ┐ Dobur ┐ Doirce, BB 35a10 . Common proper name: LL 322f64 , BB 149f19 , etc. gen. Duib pass. pl. tri Duib Imlig, TBC-I¹ 1484 ; 3512 ; cuig nDuibh, MR 290 . As f.: D.¤ ingen Roduib, Dinds. 26 ( RC xv 326 ). In phr. with Finn and Donn meaning a nobody : a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

Also in names of animals: in D.¤ Sainglend (a horse), FB § 31 , 43 . D.¤ Esa is Dubh thuinne | dá ech Aenghuis Angluinne, Acall. 276 . Dubh Chabhlaidh, Dubh Easa, IGT Decl. § 125 . D.¤ na Cat (name of a cat), BCC § 165 . Of bells: in d.¤ díglach (name of Caillín's bell), Fen. 412 . an D.¤ duaibsech (Colum Cille's bell), BCC § 132 . in d.¤ Temrach (Ruadán's bell), LB 260b29 ; YBL 136a26 .

Very frequent with (a) follg. qualifying adj. (b) dependent noun in gen. (c) in compounds with adj. (d) in compounds with nouns. In a number of cases it is difficult to decide the class to which a name belongs. Editors tend to print all names as compounds and in MSS. Duib- somet. replaces Dub- in genuine compounds even before non-palatal initials. In the follg. the correct form, in so far as it can be determined, has been restored silently.

(a) With qual. adj. D.¤ Daingen, BB 97d46 . gen. Duib Daingin, 98c30 . Duib Déin (gen.), SG ii 468 . D.¤ Dil, AU 1072 . Duib Duind (gen.), BB 73e52 . Duib Éitig (gen.), LL 339b15 ; BB 142e36 . Duib Feil (gen.), BB 138f8 , Fheil, LL 315a24 . Duib Leisc, Rawl. 155b24 (but Oengus Dublesc (?), 13 ). Duib Udair (gen.), BB 159a23 (see dubodar under ordinary compds.). Duib Ṡalaich (gen.), LL 323d39 . Duib Salaig, BB 186b6 = = Dubalaigh, 45 .

(b) With dependent noun in gen.: D.¤ Caille, LL 314a12 ; Rawl. 122a6 . D.¤ Cailli, BB 144a41 ; gen. Duib Chaille, 120a43 . Duib Chilli (gen.), Rawl. 89f3 . D.¤ Cluana, Anecd. i 42 ; gen. Duib Cluana, BB 126b20 = Duib Cluan, LL 313c39 . D.¤ Commair, Rawl. 142a42 ; SG ii 461 . Duib Chonnacht (gen.), Rawl. 129b11 . Duib Crích (gen.), BB 130a13 . Duib Cuan (gen.), BB 143d15 . D.¤ Cuili, BB 190b14 ; gen. Duib Chuili, 86d45 . D.¤ Daire (of the oakwood), LL 325b34 ; BB 70a35 ; gen. Duib Daire, LL 333c56 . D.¤ Dara (of the oak), LL 389a34 ; RC xviii 354 (Tig.). D.¤ Darach, Rawl. 146a47 ; BB 147a38 ; gen. Duib Darach, 114c8 . D.¤ Dísirt, LL 325h19 ; Rawl. 155a39 (Dissirt). D.¤ Díthrib, BB 131a3 ; gen. Duib Dithrib, Fianaig. 52 . Duib Dithruib, Rawl. 123a17 ; LL 314b51 . D.¤ Dothra (see Dothra), BB 91b29 ; gen. Duib Dothra, 91c22 ; Rawl. 145g28 . Duib Dubni (gen.), LL 253f60 . D.¤ Dúin, LL 326a14 ; Rawl. 153a27 ; gen. Duib Dúin, 42 . D.¤ Durlais, LL 325b31 ; D.¤ Daurlais, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Durluis, LL 340a18 ; Daurlais, Rawl. 159a28 . D.¤ Emna, AU 1053 ; LL 334a48 ; gen. Duib Emna, BB 113c9 . Duib Enaig (gen.), Rawl. 122b38 ; LL 314b13 . Duibh Esa (gen.), BB 72a25 ; Duib Essa (gen.), Rawl. 146c50 . As n.pr. f. gen. Duibhe Easa, Ériu v 64 . D.¤ Inse, Thes. ii 286.10 . Duibh Insi, AFM 814 ; indsi, 1032 ; gen. Duib Innse, BB 168a18 , ¤indse, 72b24 . ¤indsi, Rawl. 146d17 . D.¤ Lacha (f.), LL 330c61 ; BB 166a2 ; accus. Duib Lacha, 4 ; gen. Duibe Lacha, Imr. Brain i 58 ; Duibe lacho, Rawl. B. 512, 119a . D.¤ Lasra, Rawl. 151b29 . D.¤ Lenna, Rawl. 156a11 . D.¤ Lis, 127a20 . D.¤ Railbe, BB 115e14 ; AU 1130 ; gen. Duib Railbe, BB 76a14 . Dub Railbhe, 115e14 . D.¤ Rois, BB 155a19 , 182a4 ; D.¤ Ruis, 150b21 ; LL 190a9 ; gen. Duib Rois, BB 114f49 . Duib Sléibe (gen.), LL 340a50 , Rawl. 129b19 . D.¤ Sligi, BB 191a39 ; gen. Duib Sligi, 74c8 . Dubh Teamhrach inghean Bhriain, 3 C 13, 880.13 ; gen. Duibhe T., 884.4 . D.¤ Tíre, LL 327g2 , BB 149d24 ; gen. Duib Tire, 158b11 . Duib thuinne (gen.), LL 335h19 , Rawl. 161b48 . Duib Uindsenn (gen.), BB 72c8 ; Duibh Uinsenn (gen.), Rawl. 146d35 . Oft. folld. by gen. dual (see ZCP xiv 271 - 2 , xx 167-73 ): Dub Da Bairenn, Rawl. 117d53 ; Boirenn, LL 382c5 ; gen. Duib Da Bairenn, Rawl. 150a26 , b17 etc. (Davoren). Dub Da Barc, BB 147a34 ; gen. Duib D. B., 146d8 . D.¤ Da Braine, Rawl. 141b35 ; gen. Duib D. B., 159a24 . D.¤ Da Chell, LL 324c33 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 340a40 . Duib Da Colman (gen.), BB 144b4 ; Duib De (sic Facs.) Cholmáin (gen.), LL 324c59 . D.¤ Dá Chrich, LL 315a29 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 32 , Rawl. 91d37 . Duib Da Doss (gen.), Rawl. 159b31 . D.¤ Dá Inber, TFrag. 90 . D.¤ Da Letha, SR 2361 ; D.¤ D. Lethe, LL 42c44 ; D.¤ D. Lethi, 25b10 ; gen. Duib Da Lethi, LL 327e32 , Rawl. 146e20 ; D.¤ D. Leithe, 153b33 . D.¤ Da Muige, LL 328d45 ; gen. Duib Da Maige, Rawl. 160a32 . Duib Da Subne, (gen.), Rawl. 150a39 ; Dub De (sic Facs.) Subne (gen.), LL 326c8 . D.¤ Dá Thond, LL 317b44 ; gen. Duib D. Th., 341a45 . D.¤ Da Tuath, LL 381b25 ; gen. Duib Da Thuath, 33 , Rawl. 159a45 . D.¤ Da Thuile, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Da Thuili, 26 .

(c) In compds. with adj. Dubchroin (gen.), LL 313a22 . Dubfinn (f.), SG ii 487 . Duibinn, Cóir Anm. 62 ; gen. Duibinne, Duibne, ib. Dubgorm (Dub Gorm?), BB 104b48 . Dublachtna, LL 150b12 ; Rawl. 150b35 ; gen. Dublachtnai, LL 326i13 , Duiblachtnai, 337b46 (Dub Lachtna?). Dubóc, Rawl. 159a29 ; LL 340a11 ; BB 156a1 ; gen. id., LL 317a32 (Dub Óc? Dimin. of Dub?).

With adj. derived from nouns: Dubbronach, LL 318b12 . ¤dálach, Hy Fiach. 126 (family name). ¤dartach: gen. Dubdartaig, O'Gr. Cat. 645 . ¤dúnach, ¤dúinech: gen. Duibduinig, LL 352h27 = Duibdunaigh, BB 223e22 . ¤ṡínach (cf. dubṡín foul weather under ordinary compds.): gen. Duibsinaich, Rawl. 146g29 ; BB 113a49 . ¤ṡlatach, BB 94b31 ; gen. Dubslataigh, 41 ; Duibslataich, Rawl. 153b17 .

(d) In compds. with nouns. With proper name: Dubaed, Ardm. 19a1 ( Thes. ii 365 ). Dubconda, LL 326c57 ; gen. Duibchonna, 325c14 (D.¤ Chonda?). ¤chonnad (cf. Condad, Connad, Contribb.): gen. Duibchonnaid, LL 340a39 . Dubchormac, LL 326d , with note: ab hoc nomine vocatus est ideo quod pater eius obiit nascente illo. Propter memoriam mortis patris eius vocatus est Duchormac . Dubchrimthann, LL 321e63 . m. Cuirc Duibechach, 326a38 . ? Dubindrecht, Rawl. 159a41 ; Dubinrecht, 165b15 ; LL 327c24 ; gen. Dubinrecht, LL 325b13 ; Rawl. 146a22 . Duibindrecht, 150b15 , 30 . Duibinrecht, LL 321b56 ? m. Erca Dublugdech, LL 327e46 .

With other nouns: Dubainech, Rawl. 160b11 ; ? gen. húa Dubanich , RC xviii 368 . Dubchend (see under ordinary compds.), LL 323a6 ; Dubcenn, Rawl. 152b55 ; Duibcind, BB 183b46 ; Duibcinn, LL 391b15 ; Duibgend, BB 183b39 , ¤genn, 118b48 ; ¤ginn, LL 389b7 ; gen. Duibcind, Rawl. 153a56 ; Duibcinn, 1 ; Duibgind, RC xviii 337 (Tig.). Later Duibhgheann; gen. ¤ghinn, Keat. iv . Dubchrob: gen. Duibchruib, LL 327e11 . ? Dubchertan: Duibhceartan, CF 13 ; gen. Dubchertain, LL 373a30 . Dubchu, BB 76b16 ; gen. Dubchon, 18 . Duibdeochain (gen.), Fél. p. 48 ; Rawl. 89f2 = Duibdechoin, LL 351a8 . Duibdiberg (gen.), Rawl. 146c42 ; ¤dibeirg, BB 145b17 . Duibeoin (gen.), BB 141d37 , 142d28 . Dubétan, Laud 610, 105b1 ; gen. Duibedain, BB 110b38 . Dubgall (see under ordinary compds.), LL 41c66 , Rawl. 140a33 . Dubgilla, LL 40b9 ; BB 122b36 ; gen. Dubgillai, LL 314c57 , 323g55 ; Duibgillai, BB 70b48 . Dubgoband (gen.), LL 369d32 . Dublaech, BB 142a39 ; ¤laich, 74a33 ; gen. Dublaich, 49b42 . Dubloingsigh (gen.), BB 71a8 . Duibgen, BB 83a5 , 88d50 . Dubgilcach, LL 319c53 ; ZCP viii 304.19 (but Dub Gilcaich, Rawl. 148a43 ). Dubgus, Rawl. 160b48 ; gen. Dubgosa, BB 160a1 . Dublitir (dat.), Thes. ii 287.32 . Dublitter, LL 360d52 . Dublittir, AU 735 ; gen. Dublitri, LL 360c26 . Duiblitrech, ZCP iii 17 , 20 ( Rawl. 68b15 , 76a4 ). Dubluachair, LL 382a21 ; Rawl. 128a15 ; gen. Dubluachair, ib. Dubhluachra, LL 382a23 . Dubneim, BB 157b37 . Dubrind, LL 314c21 ; gen. Dubrind, 57 . Duibrind, Rawl. 123f8 (D.¤ Rind?). Duibruip (gen.), Rawl. 154d48 ; BB 160a14 . Dubroith (gen.), Lism. L. xxxi . Dubṡlat ` black rod ', BB 83a5 = Dublat, 82a30 , Dubslait, RC xvii 142 . Dubsloit, AU 554 . ¤ṡloit, CS 558 . Perh. also Duibdirma (gen.), Rawl. 146b43 ; BB 73d39 ; and Duibdligid (gen.), BB 232b6 ; Rawl. 94b48 ; Fél. p. 48 ( Duibligid, LL 351a7 ).

eigre, oigre, eiger, eigir, oigir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eigre, oigre, eiger, eigir, oigir or dil.ie/19767
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: eigre, eigre, oigre, t-oíghre, t-óighre, oighrigh, eigir, oigir

n (eidre, etc. also common) (AN loanword Risk 588 ) heir, inheritor, successor, descendant (often equivalent to mac). The earliest dateable ex. recorded is eigher (:deiredh) in a 13th cent. poem 23 N 28, 35 (see below), but eigre (oigre), the commoner form, may be older.

(a) eigre, oigre m.: oigri eghre, IGT Decl. § 2 . eigri an iarla the earl's heir ex. 98 = Ridgeway Essays 324.11 . AFM v 1530.21 . TD 32.36 . eidhre Dé (i.e. Christ), Dán Dé ii 21 . tú ar nAthair...tú ar n-oidhre, xxvii 13 . mac i n-ionadh an athar | dob oircheas... | a athair na oighre dhó | ...as ḟachain iarghnó, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 625 . lúad m'eigre fom' inad, Metr. Dinds. iii 62. 111 . a hairm 'na eigre dissi her place was heir to her (i.e. it carried on her name) 60.75 . oighre (eighre) Cuirc (= descendant of Corc) GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 284 . TD 9.51 . go mbia triur óigred oc fir husarachta .i. bésti ┐ nathracha ┐ cruma, PH 7587 . díchor óigrechta ona hóigrib dílsi, 7784 . dá oighribh, TD 32.70 . asé in mac thusmes is oigri air dia eis, Marco P. 67 . Keat. iii 2104 . ni fuil do cloind agum acht aeiningen ┐ is i is oigri orum, ZCP vi 52. 22 . Ériu v 198.639 . athair gan oighre, mathair gan mhac, TSh. 1169 . nach fuighedh se a dhiol clemhnuis da mbiadh oighre denta ar a shliochd ar tus, Rel. Celt. ii 158. 22 . cibé...doní oighre don eaglais, TSh. 5152 . With gen. or ar of what is inherited: a chealla...dfagbáil 'ga n-urradhaibh ┐ 'ga n-oighredhaibh iomcuibhde dia éis BNnÉ 264.11 . cinnit aca oigre...do denomh do naomh-Muire ar a n-uile innmhus, Fl. Earls 192.20 . Cf. an Rí as oighre ar na hainglibh, A. Ó Dálaigh i 10 . éisdid...rér nduain d'inghin a n-oighre the daughter of their inheritor (i.e. of him who has succeeded to headship over them) GF., Ir. Monthly 1919, 225 .

an t-oíghre , Matthew xxi 38 . an t-óighre , Galatians iv 1 . pl. oighrigh, Galatians iii 29 .

(b) eiger: fer cedmhaoite curadh | ni heccaointe a eigher, 23 N 28, 35 ; cf. Ir. Monthly 1921, 290 .

(c) eigir, oigir m.: in tráth sháiles duine mac díles do beth aige, is de dogní oighir, PH 7785 . mac airdríogh gan oighir air, IGT, Decl. ex. 1043 . mo char id gheimhil... fearr dhamh iná mh'eidhir ann, Dán Dé ix 2 . críoch gan oighir gan iarmhua, O'Gr. Cat. 452 = Studies 1921, 420 . rí Oiligh dob é a athair | sé 'na oighir d' Ultachaibh, Ir. Monthly 1921, 202 = YBL 374a37 . gurb é is aonoighir d' Eirinn, TD 8.18 . g s. ar úaigh oighir Eóin, IGT, Decl. ex. 365 . i n-uaig eigir [sic leg.] Ealanáir of E.'s son O'Gr. Cat. 381.10 .

felmas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. felmas or dil.ie/21572

 

n o, m. enchantment, sorcery; a charm or spell: felbas .i. fel-fes .i. fes serb, O'Mulc. 509 . fealbhas .i. droichfhios, O'Cl. fromadh felmais .i. fromadh na pisoc, Laws i 180.31 . fo bith ind [ḟ]elbais focartatar drúith C. for a chend Cuirc arna tisad hÉrind, Anecd. iii 62.21 . dogniat ... auptha ┐ felmasa ┐ fídlanna, RC xii 428.7 . LB 258b82 . is tri fealmasa Media doronaid na huile so, BB 415a33 . Móir-Rígan fat[h]a felbais `foundation of enchantments' Leb. Gab.(i) i 158 = Morrígan fotla felbais, LL 10b28 = M. flatha felbuiss (felmuis v.l.) `aus dem Reiche des Truges' ZCP xiv 176.7 . See elbas?.

foglas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foglas or dil.ie/22767
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fochan fóglas

adj o-ā (glas)

(a) lit. of a greenish or bluish tint: fochan fóglas `greenish corn-blades' Fél. p. xxv 1 (cf. fochon fonnghlas, Lism. L. 4584 ). dunad foglass, LL 28b2 = d. fondglass, Metr. Dinds. i 28.12 . cf. Cóir Anm. 109 cited s.v. foichne. (As subst.) a minor bruise ( Ériu lii 141 § 2 ): trí seoit a foderg, a f.¤ (of bruises or wounds) O'D. 827 (< H 3.17 c. 591 ). a foglas (.i. iar tain) ib.

(b) fig. specious (?), flourishing, bright (?): dochuaid Iudas ass | co n-ilur mbriathar f.¤ fair, plausible (?) SR 7710 . foglass a ṅgen (ṅgein MS.) tibes duit a maig ... tuaith cricha Cuirc `bright is the smile that smiles on you from the plain' Hail Brigit § 15 ( LL 49b50 ); prob. a play on words, the lit. meaning green being implied; cf. nimbi (nimpui v.l.) f.¤ fonn gean combrass, Anecd. i 71 § 182 (`das gewaltige Gelächter ... war ihm kein Grund zur Freude' Meyer, ZCP xi 164 , reading: nīmbōi f.¤ , but the syntax of this is not clear).

As epithet: Feradach f.¤ , Rawl. 83a40 . Foglas Feredach, Ält.Ir.Dichtg. i 17 § 9 . Cf. Acher F., 40 § 12 .

lucht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lucht or dil.ie/30908

 

Forms: locht, luct, luchta

n u, m. Also locht. luct, Wb. 12b18 . 14b6 . g s. luchta, Laws i 34.18 Comm . IGT Decl. § 72.

I Contents, charge . Of cooking pot: in cētl.¤ . . . rolāad don indiūn . . . In l.¤ tanaise dorala don teinid randais iterum , Corm. Y 1018 = Corm. p. 35 . milsem lochta airigid `the sweetest part of a meal is the honorific portion', Tec. Corm. § 31.27 = Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 19.22 . in l.¤ / tri cét mucc is tri cét bó (of cauldron of Dún Cuirc), Metr. Dinds. iv 336.7 . bruith in lochta, Rawl. B 512, 48a (Plummer MS. notes). molt rismbenad ucht araile / ba hé l.¤ in choire cóeim, LL 296a26 ( SG 362.16 ). da dam deac l.¤ in chori, 4983 . mír dotluchestar dind l.¤ , Thes. ii 339.3 ( Hy. v 47 ). tricha haige l.¤ in choire sin, RC vi 187.15 . fodaleth in l.¤ isin pauperibus, Irish Texts i 4.10. a 11 . saille, Thes. ii 334.1 ( Hy. v 27 ). tricha aige ina chrōis / ised sin fo l.¤ dó, Ériu ii 20.11 . intan . . . ro himpadh in l.¤ [ro bói isin coiri], RC xxvii 292.21 . ni tallad in l.¤ don tinig, RC x 220.3 . Cf. [i] l.¤ .i. a coire, O'Dav. 236.

Of ship cargo: is a lochtaib coirib inlongathar eathar, Laws iv 378.7 . eallach cach eathair co na fuiluing a l.¤ , v 490.11 . long mhor . . . fa na l.¤ do shíol eorna, Rel. Celt. ii 204.26 . a long fa l.¤ maitheasa, PBocht 23.47 . Pilib an long re gach l.¤ , O'R. Poems 1902 . l.¤ a arthraig do breith les a ngaduigecht, BCC 239 . gur scuireadh a scafa . . . go l.¤ , Ó Bruad. iii 174.8 . long láidir nár láadh a lacht as `whose cargo never was unloaded', Ó Bruad. i 168.y . Also complement: Luigaid Mál ro cuired a Herind l.¤ cethri loṅg co hAlbain, LL 22587 . rachuaidh Hercoil l.¤ nói long fata, 223a29 ( TTr. 452 ). l.¤ luingi dib do badad, Ann. Conn. 1247.12 . l.¤ na loingsi the crew of the fleet, ACL iii 309.7 . romarbsad l.¤ da eathar `the crews of two boats', RC xviii 188.32 (Tig.). mór an l.¤ arthraigh Éire, DDána 107.1 . rugadar san bháirc . . . / críoch na Niall d'éanl.¤ uile, 3 . tángadar Gaill i gCaoininis . . . l.¤ trí fichid long a líon, Keat. iii 2472. Hence vessel: in l.¤ ebernecdha do ghlanad ┐ do thirmugad .i. long Samsoin, Ériu v 154.166 .

Miscellaneous applications: ná falaigh orainn t'ucht geal / a l.¤ molaim ōs gach mhudh, Magauran 304 . na broind imairces in locht rena dingbalta a marbad (of the precious stone carried by the swallow), Celtica ii 73.131 . l.¤ na gcló the load carried by the nails (of Crucifixion), Aithd. D. 98.8 . fear luchta `a porter', Dinds. 64 (Edinb.). rug sí tríur dénl.¤ she bore three at one birth, Ériu v 80.29 . See lámann.

II People, class of persons, category (nearly always with defining gen. or clause).

(a) With follg. gen. Earliest meaning no doubt those occupying, inhabiting (and hence also possessing). luct Corint the people of C., Wb. 14b6 . áos túate ┐ l.¤ na sencheld, Mon. Tall. 137.5 . do locht na fearand, Laws iv 218.21 . l.¤ toice rich folk, DDána 45.4 .

Of household, occupants of castle, etc.: imthússa lochta na brudne, LU 7898 ( BDD 149 ). iss é l.¤ inn óentigi, LU 3984 ( SCC 45 ). fordiuglaim lochta in phuirt . . . eter dáine ┐ indile occupants, LU 9086 ( FB 83 ). l.¤ . . . cach imda, LL 3567 . tech itá lan locht can locht, Ériu vii 220 § 9 . l.¤ in chaslein, Ann. Conn. 1246.8 . l.¤ brogha `the complement of any house', O'Hara 1058 . go mbí duine uchd re huchd / cuire a l.¤ isin longphurt, IGT Decl. ex. 460 . taisech lochta tighe Tairrdelbaig `chief of the household', RC xviii 161.28 (Tig.). dux lochta tighe Cathail Croibhdeirg, AFM iii 241 n. h = toisech teaghlaigh, 240.15 . onóir . . . lochda éintighe Dé (of angels), Parrth. Anma 2211 . l.¤ an lis-sin (of Hell), DDána 29.30 . Also those belonging to, pertaining to: nítat apstil huili luct inna æcolsa, Wb. 12b18 . cāch co l.¤ a laithi contemporaries, Fél. Ep. 48 . l.¤ baisti Crist Christians, LL 215b29 . l.¤ in betha, Laws i 42.22 . l.¤ na tuaithe common folk : a bescna . . . lochta na tuaithi, v 12.19 Comm . l.¤ in tsoegail, PH 1672 . os cinn lochta a coimleabair classmates, BCC 48.10 . l.¤ cumhachtai `folk of might', RC xii 76.y . l.¤ na sé n-aimsear uile `the Six Generations', PBocht 14.39 . l.¤ h'aimsire your contemporaries, L. Cl. A. B. 59.9 . l.¤ aithenntais, Eg. Gl. 16. Those doing, doers of (actions): fiad l.¤ na n-etarnade `those lying in ambush', Thes. ii 354.9 . l.¤ fíra `compurgators', Laws v 492.23 . ar daigh lochta fira dagbail, iii 142.6 Comm . l.¤ in chogair ┐ in ḟill `the conspirators and traitors', Fianaig. 72.3 . l.¤ chogaidh foes, PBocht 18.11 . l.¤ feasa `sages', 14.12 . l.¤ iuil acquaintances, 2.23 . mo l.¤ leasa `advocates', 21.15 . DDána 30.9 . mo l.¤ míorúin my foes, 46.35 . l.¤ selga hunters, RC xxiii 396 § 1. l.¤ an toibhéime, L. Cl. A. B. 64.154 . maruid fós ferta Coluim / liaide da lucht uradhuill clients, Irish Texts ii 87 § 1. In some cases phrases have a quasi-permanent character and may indicate members of professions or recognised occupations: l.¤ na bairddne poets , TBC-LL¹ 3086 . l.¤ ech horsemen , SG 245.29 . l.¤ cumuinn friends , L. Cl. A. B. 83.53 . l.¤ aoinfheadhma is aonfhuluing (of Fer Diad and Cú Chulainn), DDána 104.21 . l.¤ do dhiomdha your foes, 20.7 . luchd formaid Dé, IGT Decl. ex. 1315 . l.¤ na mbeannacht `the Blessed', PBocht 25.40 . l.¤ na heiseirgi, RC xxviii 320 § 47 . l.¤ faghla in gach aird d'Éirinn, RC xlix 172 § 24 . l.¤ each . . . l.¤ nglac, Butler Poems 767 - 9 `horsemen . . . men equipped with forked weapons' (Notes). l.¤ éinleabtha bed-fellows , DDána 20.8 . l.¤ fáirte friends, Dán Dé xiii 2 . lán dho l.¤ ḟuinn musicians, Butler Poems 301 . l.¤ slighedh `envoys', CCath. 385 . l.¤ na slighedh travellers, RC xlvi 229.33 . 230.11 . l.¤ uird religious, Études Celt. i 80.10 . ITS xxix 125.23 .

(b) With follg. vn. clause those who (perform certain actions, are engaged in certain occupations): l.¤ adartha, LU 8401 ( FB 28 ). l.¤ airgthe . . . ┐ crecha ┐ cuarthaigthe gacha cúigidh ┐ tabairti giall ┐ braigdi, Comp. CC 121.13 . l.¤ aslaig ┐ urála, CCath. 523 . l.¤ altruim Chuinn ┐ Conn, DDána 105.5 . l.¤ céaddachair do chosaint those who bore the stress of war, DDána 107.34 . l.¤ a breathnoighthe, L. Cl. A. B. 206.98 . l.¤ cháigh i gcogar do chailg `folk who calumniate their neighbour', Aithd. D. 74.20 . l.¤ coigealta ar gceart n-ordhruic, L. Cl. A. B. 163.22 . l.¤ coméda na long, RC xviii 168.2 (Tig.). l.¤ comhōil corn drinking party, Duan. F. ii 336.1 . l.¤ churtha ghleó gáibhtheach `the fighters of perilous battles', 398 § 104. l.¤ cosanta 's comhroic, L. Cl. A. B. 39.26 . l.¤ dealuighthe Diabhail those who have chosen the devil(?), DDána 29.29 . l.¤ dénta an uilc, ITS xxix 195.37 . ní l.¤ déanta cúntair corma / Búrcaigh Bhanbha, DDána 111.39 `no folk to buy ale are the Burkes of Banbha', Ir. Monthly 1929, 371.39 . l.¤ eadrána fheirge an áirdríogh, DDána 34.7 . l.¤ a n-éistechta listeners, PBocht 25.33 . l.¤ na n-eisteacht toileamhail `voluntarii auditores', ITS xxix 127.3 . l.¤ feithmhe gach airde air, L. Cl. A. B. 158.139 . a l.¤ furnaidhe `those who are waiting for him', Studies 1919, 258 § 21 . l.¤ na gabhála the captors, L. Cl. A. B. 45.35 . l.¤ iomchuir cuinge Críosd, PBocht 8.22 . da l.¤ iomtha dob fherr locadh rivals, L. Cl. A. B. 197.29 . l.¤ a leasaighthe, DDána 104.8 . díoth leis a l.¤ míréire (of God), Dán Dé xxviii 34 . do l.¤ mholta an chodhnaigh, Aithd. D. 76.16 . l.¤ oileamhna an reachta ríogh `the Guardians of the Royal Law', PBocht 24.10 . l.¤ t'oilemhna those who brought you up, Irish Texts ii 108 § 40 . l.¤ tuillim edala, BCrólige 12 n. 13 . In a number of cases the relation between l.¤ and the vn. is more permanent and the phrases indicate professions, fixed categories of persons: l.¤ díoghla, L. Cl. A. B. 204.49 . l.¤ coimhmeasa rivals , 206.81 . l.¤ frestoil waiters , 239.61 . an l.¤ comhruicse these opponents, DDána 5.3 . l.¤ coimeda = custodes, Smaointe B. Chr. 5913 . l.¤ taistil in mhara Innecdha, Marco P. 153 . l.¤ bratha, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 35.33 . l.¤ teagaisg `teachers', Proverbs v 13.

(c) As ordinary antecedent of rel. clause (cf. O. Ir. indí). l.¤ céssais cen chinaid, Fél. Jan. 17 . l.¤ fris failti feraim, Ep. 49 . co farctais . . . cloch in lochta no mairfitis occi, LU 7037 ( BDD 68 ). opar in lochta asa cuit seo, LU 4351 . in l.¤ robatar hi ferand ┐ hi foscudh báis, Trip.² 4 . is baeth in l.¤ condránaic frit (of one person), TBC-LL¹ 1296 . ind lochta lúaidset din tṡlait, Metr. Dinds. iii 252.135 . is bec nar briss cinnu ind lochtae boi oc coistecht friu, RC xiii 6.11 . tar cend in lochta ro-t-croch, PH 173 . a l.¤ do bhí 'na bhaile / lér mian ceard is comhnaidhe, Studies 1924, 85 § 5 . gach l.¤ agaibh dá raibh riamh ann, Oss. iv 40.24 .

(d) Without qualifying gen. or clause: ni coir dídnad dondala l.¤ et troscud dond l.¤ ailiu gl. non enim ut aliis [sit] remissio, vobis autem tribulatio, Wb. 16c20 . cach ni do berur . . . don l.¤ so, Laws ii 46.7 . dond l.¤ sin, LU 2171 ( FA 25 ). i llamaib in lochta sin, PH 2850 . athfuabairt Atha luain lasin l.¤ cétna, RC xviii 57.29 (Tig.). neach ar a mbiadh fear 's a l.¤ / ní ris badh caithte t'urchar, Content. xvii 3. in l.¤ abhus, Duan. F. ii 162 § 31 . nach gabur athgabail in lochta romhuinn of the former (parties), Laws ii 46.20 . Cf. correcad lochta ┐ fulachta, TBC-I¹ 3646 perh. = lochta ┐ fo-lochta high and low meet a common fate.

With follg. adj.: indtsamhluigh thú féin ris in l.¤ chraibhdheach, ITS xxix 112.26 .

Compds. ¤grinn: mac Éibhir ghluinn-bhinn lucht-ghrinn (sic leg.) ró-nirt, O'Rah. 88.245 . ¤lethan: co facca . . . na longa lucht-lethna, CRR 11.

ocha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ocha or dil.ie/33421
Last Revised: 2013

 

n mac ochae .i. mac ochsailli, ar ocha apud ueteres ochsal dicitur , Fél. 180.31 . Cf. Molua … m. Cuirc Ocha (Urchocho, Aurchodai, v.ll.), CGSH § 116.1 . Molua … m. Focha, § 116.3 .

1 port

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 port or dil.ie/34476
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: port, puirt, purt, part, poirt, port, port

n o, m. (Lat. portus) port (g s. n p. puirt, d s. purt), IGT Dec. § 67 . part (g s. n p. poirt, d s. port), § 68 .

(a) a place, spot, locality, gen. of a restricted area: port a porta , Corm. Y 1047 = a portu , LB. dús cia port indib maith oígedacht in what place the hospitality is good, Wb. 26b24 . dos-rala dú itá Forggnaidi indíu. `Is maith in port thís' ol P., Trip. 84.25 . iss ed ainm in puirt sin Slechta S. is the name of that place, TBC-I¹ 276 . do chách phurt i canar for every place in which it is sung, Fél. Ep. 187 . connach fúair port fo gréin gil | cen chorp ind ḟir fora muin, Metr. Dinds. iv 94.20 . cend na mna for indara burt [port v.l.] ┐ colann for in burt n-ailiu in one spot . . . in another, Cáin Ad. § 7 . a purt i port tiar is tair from place to place, LL 148a13 = o phurt do phurt, Ériu ix 49 § 33 . nír léiged sinn port i bport, Caithr. Thoirdh. 13 y (of troops hemmed in by their enemies while encamped; `we were not admitted to fight on equal terms', transl.; we were not allowed to shift our quarters ?). Cf. do ghoradh . . . gacha grianphort every sunny spot, MR 100.14 . i nglennportaib a ghnuisi hollows (of eye-sockets), 116.22 .

Used as semi-adv. folld. by a rel. clause: port hi fuirsitis inn elit arimbad and furruimtis a n-eclis, Thes. ii 242.9 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). bágais C. port i faicfed Meidb dobérad chloich furri wherever he might see M., TBC-LL¹ 1456 = port i n-aiciged, TBC-I¹ 813 ; āit, St.

Folld. by defining gen.: rucad láeg mo bo a purt éicne `out of a place of safety', CRR 3 (i.e. a place whence it could be taken only by force?). bid é so do phort eisirghe place of resurrection, Life of S. Finbar ( Cork A. and H. Soc. J. ii 87 ). asin purt monad bog, Laws i 132.4 Comm. ; cf. Gadelica i 56.22 . tochar puirt (.i. mona), Laws v 474.6 , 33 . a rí pairtech puirt parrthais, Lec. 553a17 . port na bpian (i.e. hell), Measgra D. 77.8 .

(b) a place occupied by some one, a stead, abode : mo duma mo dín . . . mo phort idan án, LU 9885 (of Duma nDergluachra). atrullaí uadib assin phurt, LL 169b12 (`out of the dwelling', SG ii 513.16 ). iss ass tánagus . . . a parrthus, a purt Ádhaimh, Anecd. i 34 § 72 . port na n-apstal 's na n-abb (i.e. heaven), ZCP vi 270.2 . Panuhél puirt Dé, KMMisc. 255.9 . port pecthach the abode of sinners (hell), ACL iii 240 § 43 . Partholon puirt Gréc, LL 127a11 (`of the Grecian land', MacCarthy 144 § 6 ). gan port na laech, gan Luimnech, ZCP viii 219.3 . Freq. of a chief's residence; in late lang. of a stronghold, fortress: cuit an phuirt cetadaig Cuirc `the meal for the residence of Corc', Metr. Dinds. iv 336.4 ( LL 198a6 ). ailénphort Néill Noígiallaig (of Tara), Ériu iv 92 § 4 . ? tri cuind tairismi dlegair don ríg . . . .i. tri puirt, LL 188b16 . tanic ind rigan oc dul do phurt in rig, ZCP xiii 25.16 . ? etir a portaibh sium ┐ a airgeda `among his storehouses (?) and his cow-yards' (of the king of Munster), Lism. L. 2916 (prob. enclosures of some kind). hi bport airechais Ui Ferghail `the chief mansion-seat', AFM vi 1964.22 , cf. 1960.14 . v s. a phuirt na bpríomhfhlaith! Keat. Poems 1473 (of Cathair Dúin Iasc). daingion phuirt áird do bhalladh the fortress of the high fort of thy walls, Isaiah xxv 12 . tri puirt do trinsidhibh talmhan `three entrenched forts', AFM vi 2192.2 . ro muradh . . . an port iomcoimhetta `watching-fort', 2022.2 . batar na Gaill . . . isna portaibh gabhala in ro ghabhsat fos (buildings they had seized), Hugh Roe 68.15 (f. 18b) . do loiscedh leis a mbailti puirt `their fortified places', AU iii 64.1 (a. 1412).

Of a monastic stead or settlement : cf. ro gabsat mo brathair portu .i. epscop Mél ┐ Ríoc, Trip. 84.23 . céne connoither mo thimna-sa isin purt-sa, Mon. Tall. 6 (Mael Ruain of his monastery). airchinnech glan cráibdech . . . níp espach a phort `his monastery should not be idle', Ériu iii 106 41b (Rule of Ailbe). naomh as neimhnighe puirt `most heavenly in respect of city', BNnÉ 286.3 . mórfaid puirt Maodhócc, 263.24 .

(c) a bank, shore (of river or sea); perh. the oldest use and the one nearest to the Latin. ro snausa in farrci | co mboí isin phurt, LU 9437 . ini docuirither i port dilis .i. in duilesc, Laws i 170.13 Comm. (what is cast up by the sea on a shore in some person's property). im ethur bís oc imorcor a purt i port from bank to bank, i 126.1 . is ann gabais port curach Coluimb Chille came ashore, Ériu ii 222.9 , cf. Mon. Tall. 66 . is é port do gabhsat ag Beind Etain they landed at B.E., Ériu iii 170 § 29 . o thánic Patraic i part from the time P. landed, LL 130b16 (: bratt). gach arrthrach rachus . . . go Toraig o port do port, ZCP x 342 § 10 . A landing-place, haven : i purt na hindsi, Lism. L. 2359 . do ranic . . . co himeall in mara ┐ co port na hindsi (i.e. the spot for crossing to the island), ZCP xiii 219.6 , cf. 220.8 . ac cur long . . ..a purt imurchuir srotha Stix `ferry', CCath. 1462 . ó purt ind Luimnig, Ériu iv 154.3 . port Duiblin[n]e, BColm. 80.19 . is port Alban oiregda bid linta da ardchrabud, ZCP x 340 w (prophecy of Iona). So in many place-names, see Hogan Onom. (Fig.) conus-tuicce tre lín in tsoscelai dochum púirt bethad the haven (shore) of life, Trip. 28.7 . Cablaigh Mor (idon Port na tri namat), AU iii 30.17 (the haven of the three enemies, nickname given to a woman who had married three husbands who were enemies). See also caladphort, tráchtphort s.v. 1 trácht.

(d) a bank, mound, entrenchment (late use): teilgidh port a n-aghaidh Ierúsalem, Jerem. vi 6 . do rinneadar puirt 'na haghuidh timchioll, 2 Kings xxv 1 (of siege of Jerusalem).

Of a defile or pass : dul tar na portaibh re n-abar Ciserei, ITS xix 78.3 (= transire portus Cisereos).

(e) Of persons : an port iomarchair uasal aingleata na nGaoidheal re a nguasacht pheacthoibh, .i. Pādruic an prīomh-abstol, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 10.26 ​​. ? bean ro badh port cothaighthe ┐ congbhala truagh ┐ trén, AFM vi 2222.13 (leg. post? cf. AFM v 1684.7 ).​​​ Meaning is uncertain in the legal expression port fiach in Laws Comm.: ait ata port fiach ni dechus for in ferund ainnsin, Laws v 500.32 , cf. 502.28 , 508.10 ; possibly the techn. expression for the man who has become responsible for the debts of an absconding fellow-tribesman, p. 501 n.

Compds. (a) with adj.: ¤glan: ag techt Parrthaloin portgloin, MacCarthy 310 § 3 ( BB 13b29 ). assi[n] Spairt portglain portréid of shores (havens) fair and easy of access, LL 233a2 ( TTr. 1166 ). os ferlannaib portglana in prephir `over the fair-banked horizon', MR 112.11 . ¤rathmar: do chlaind portrathmair Puin `illustrious' (? of prosperous abode), Aen. 1573 (= rex genus egregium Fauni, Aeneid vii 214 ). ¤réid, LL 233a2 , see -glan. (b) with noun: ¤immarchurthid a ferryman; of Charon , LL 241a22 ( TTr. 1809 ), cf. CCath. 1462 v.l., TTebe 1649 (-immarchoirthid). an portiomarchurtaigh, Hugh Roe 26.21 (f. 8a) . ¤linn: ro gabh B. simhin luachra asin portlinn luachra `from a rushy pool on the bank', BNnÉ 42.2 .

scís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scís or dil.ie/36505

 

Forms: scís, scísa, scíse, scís, sgís, sgís

n o and u, m. and ā, f. (scíth) g s. scís, scísa, scíse. scís ( sgís grís caol aráon, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 14 (69.5) . sgís (= sgíos) m., § 38 (87.18) .

I

(a) fatigue, tiredness : ní ticed s.¤ mo chnamai, Ml. 41d9 . gairsiu condristais a sciss before they became tired (?), IT i 158.4 . ? mess for crannaib | craob do scis | scis do áss | saith do mac, ZCP xii 406.14 . ná bíad mo s.¤ fris that I would not grow tired of him, ACL iii 304 § 2 . ar do dhearc bhós ná bíoth sgís, SGS iv 142 § 23 . buidhean laoch ar nar loigh sgís, Aithd. D. 27.11 . dá mholadh ná sguir le sgís, A. Ó Dálaigh v 5 . spontaneae lassitudines . . . .i. na sgísi toileamhla, 23 K 42, 13.19 . do mhēt na scīssi, Fl. Earls 12.16 .

(b) freq. with prepp.: molfaider cen s.¤ , LU 2761 . caland fa scīs, ACL iii 237 § 26 . ag so . . . | i sgís god mhaithmhighe mogh `overcome by Thy indulgence', Aithd. D. 51.3 . is íar s.¤ fom-ruirmius `after fatigue I have laid me down', Fél. Ep. 38 . is iad na codalta dethbiri .i. codlad cedtorrach ┐ codlad iar sgis . . . the sleep of exhaustion, O'Curry 1037 ( H 3.18, 434b ). ? ar is diairle iar n-a s.¤ mo s.¤ , LL 119a27 .

(c) with qual. gen.: iar s.¤ astair ┐ imthechta, AFM vi 1900.8 . nit-recfider . . . ar scis do biata on account of the trouble of feeding you, Anecd. i 7.18 . sgís an chatha, IGT Decl. ex. 696 . in aquil so rothuit ar scis eteagaili when exhausted by flying, TTebe 1241 . íar scis imgona, LU 1611 . la s.¤ ind imrama, TTr.² 864 . fer teite di rot ar scis imtechta exhausted by travelling, Laws iii 448.25 Comm . D. . . . arna raibe s.¤ cos . . . na s.¤ maigi na taighi riam, Acall. 6584 . iar s.¤ óenaig ┐ cluchi, LU 9177 ( FB 91 ). g s. as attrib.: fodeōidh dom-rūachtais a-rīs | iar cūartaib sgīs after wearisome journeys, ZCP vi 266 § 6 .

(d) cuirid a s.¤ de rests, refreshes oneself: do chor a scísi ┐ do chumsanad, Trip.² 376 . go ro chuir scis ┐ athtoirse a sloighidh imchein de, AFM iv 1096.5 . ag cur a sgíse dhíobh, Atlantis iv 202.13 . With léicid: co roliget a scis dib, Aen. 1952 . mar do leig sgís `when he had refreshed himself', PBocht 10.42 . do léiccen a sccísi, AFM vi 1922.13 . Cf. nō co ndechaid a sgīs ┐ a merten dībh, ML² 453 .

(e) in chevilles (cf. III infra): scél cen s.¤ , Thes. ii 293.18 . imsói dia thig iar s.¤ nglé, Metr. Dinds. iii 158.9 . dia do sgís, L. Cl. A. B. 84.62 . lór do sgís, Studies 1924, 85 § 2 . budh tuar sgís, TD 25.43 .

II In transferred meaning rest, repose, cessation : sgís na siobhal ag slógh Breagh, | sról i n-ionadh a n-éideadh, L. Cl. A. B. 170.135 . uain sgíosa ní lamhthair liom `I dare not rest awhile', Aithd. D. 51.13 . don chaoi nar chian sgís `unceasing tears', PBocht 24.11 . do rónsat began scísa(d) ┐ comnaidhe annsin, ALC ii 414.1 . laoch na scor nár scuir chum scíse of the bands that never laid aside the harness of war to seek repose, Hackett xxxix 109 . Of a hospitable chief: sgís na n-aoidheadh, L. Cl. A. B. 147.39 .

III Of mental rather than physical fatigue, sorrow, grief, distaste , etc.: miscais . . . mō a scīs neich oc a dēicsin, Corm. Y 940 . firfid cath Cūile Cóiláin sciss hi tōeb Cithamra will pour down sorrow (?), ZCP xiii 382.3 = scith, iii 466.5 . rabert a osnad scísi bar aird gave a loud sigh of grief, TBC-LL¹ 2935 . nir-ba din ar scis do `it was no protection for him against disaster', TTebe 3292 . iarsin tiocfaid arís | na Cuirc ar mbeith treall fa sgis, Irish Texts iv 96 § 12 . maircc ar ccuirfem ar sgís displeasure (?), 87 § 3 . ní dúin nach damhna sgíse, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 48 . ní hadhbhar sgís an sgaradh, IGT Decl. ex. 1028 . sgíos mun ndeachmhaidh ná déanam let us not grudge the tithe, Dán Dé xxv 7 . do mhear a sgís re seal sinn grief for them has bemused us, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 370.11 .

1 sochma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sochma or dil.ie/38244
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj (2 so+cummae)

(a) easy, possible : is [s.¤] do Día coro cumtaige cen adbar, LU 2600 . conid s.¤ do Dia cech gnim do denam triana bréthir, PH 4794 . nabo sochma dam an t-ecne om do ithe 'it was not easy for me to eat a raw salmon', ICM² 170 § 33 (.14) .

(b) Of persons, gentle, mild, genial : go bhfuil Dia ceannsa s.¤ sochroidheach, TSh. 9731 . ar mbeith 'na dhuine sh.¤ sholabhartha dhó, Keat. ii 3119 . ní s.¤ síol ceannghlan Cuirc , Aithd. D. 42.12 . eagnuidhe socair . . . | . . . | s.¤ soineanta soithimh 'na cháilibh, O'Rah. 156.7 . Superl.: gurab é an croidhe . . . is maotha ┐ is s.¤ ré saothrughadh na subháilceadh, TSh. 10506 .

sosad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sosad or dil.ie/38515

 

Forms: sosadh

n u and o, m. (sos). sosadh m., IGT Decl. § 11 .

(a) a station, position, abode, seat : rogab a sossad `He hath taken his station', Wb. 4b18 . in óen ṡosuth ṡillabe `in one position of a syllable', Sg. 7a3 . sossad asambí soillse `a station out of which is light', Thes. ii 23.37 (Bcr.). dia taethsad nem for an lár | . . . . | notogébad naem Cholmán | 'na sossad for cúl, BColm. 70.12 . intan tuit[f]it na renna . . . asa sostaibh, CCath. 298 . go sosadh na sáor-long seng, ZCP x 28.22 .

(b) a station (for religious observances): is and ro boí a sossad dú hitá Domnach Patraic indiu, Trip.² 744 , .i. a longphort, ACL iii 18 § 40 . ro gab P. . . . forsind édbairt i nDruim Dáro, Druimm Líass indiu, .i. di sostaib Pátraic and ┐ dina liassaib ro ainmniged, Trip.² 1680 . Of an ecclesiastical see: o'n t-shossad apstalacda mor-sa, PH 615 .

(c) a terrace, a rampart : fosrocuib for tsosta na Teamrach do imchaisiu Muighi Breg `he climbed the terrace of Tara', Ériu xii 174 § 1 (TE). buí Ailill for s.¤ in dúine oca ndéscin, MU² 1008 . Temair . . . forsmbít sosta so-dindgna, Metr. Dinds. i 10.66 . is e . . . fhosaiges na sosta sin imon primcathraig, MacCarthy 40.10 .

(d) an abode, dwelling, residence : togairm Alaxandri | i sossad sanctorum, Fél. Feb. 26 . sossad slan mo rig rathmar | fil for lar na primchathrach, SR 525 . i timchuairt ind rig-sossaid, 550 . sossaid Aingel, 533 . a Teamraig na rígh, a sosadh orduirc oriegda na hEirenn, Ériu iii 150 § 1 . sossad n-aidche, secc lige | fossad fri gaethaib gubae, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.41 . dorigne . . . in rig sossad . . . do duine, idon, Partus, MacCarthy 46.17 . cuirte ┐ caisteoil ┐ sostadha sadhaile, AFM vi 1892.8 . co nar facaibset diblinaib . . . s.¤ na saball . . . cin dod ┐ cin loscad, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 .

(e) a camp : intan rombói cách oc gním a sosta, roscaig dóibseom tuga a sosta, TBC-I¹ 166 . regmai diar sostaib afrithisi, 1517 . ni ra sádit sosta no botha no pupla inn aidchi sin, TBC-LL¹ 628 . ro gabad sossad ┐ longport acci in nDún Cuirc , Cog. 70.18 . ro léicc uadha a miledha da sostaibh gemhretaibh, CCath. 167 .

(f) rest, repose, peace : iarfat-sa s.¤ catha forthusum `I will ask a truce of battle from them', CRR 11 . a buidi sa benidechd | curap s.¤ dom anmuin, Fen. 398.14 . conach foillsi[g]end én . . . s.¤ na saime don ulad sin `no bird shows stability or tranquillity to this expedition' (of a prognostication), TTebe 1220 . ni luga legfa feisin nocotfia seachna sosaidh thou thyself shalt decay and shalt not avoid cessation (?), ZCP vi 265 § 22 . Attrib. g s. quiet, steady, reliable : dlegar do cach deorad de saigid a nadma sosaid, Laws iv 210.8 . ar luamaireacht na sreabh sosaidh `in piloting ships against still-flowing streams', Ó Bruad. iii 52 xxii . ? Attrib. g p. ri fossud fial, febda, find | sid sossud, selbda, soenmind, SR 590 .

Compd. ro innarbuiss sinne assin sossadh-chomnaighi ina rabhamar, Fl. Earls 138.21 .

sreim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sreim or dil.ie/38779
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: srēimm, sreimm

[n, n.] vn. of srennaid (see Pokorny, ZCP xvi 410 and O'Brien, Ériu xii 240 - 1 ). act of snorting, snoring : dobert a srém caurad asa brágit, TBC-I¹ 1781 (leg. srēimm, Pokorny, sreimm, O'Brien). Cf. réim curadh .i. géim curadh, O'Cl. filleadh bruit deirg edir dheimhis | re sreim (sréin, v.l.) Cuirc is cosmail, IGT Decl. ex. 1374 . Perh. same wd. as srem, q.v.