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anbáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anbáil or dil.ie/3388

 

Forms: anbóil

adj also anbóil and perh. -aíl (see below) (an + fóill); adj. of vague meaning, common in hyperbole and us. alliterating: Sergius . . . a theist is ard anbail (: fagbail) very great , Gorm. Feb. 24 . crothadh anbháil arrachta excessive , TBC-LL¹ p. 545 n.5 . do c[h]uirset greim anbáil air, ML² 284 . coccadh anbháil etir . . . Conn . . . ┐ Aodh, AFM iv 1186.12 . a mbeith i n-eiccen anbhail, v 1740.1 . i ngalar anba anbhóil (: Roimh), BNnÉ 276 § 259 . g. anbháil (anfforlannach v.l.), 275 § 257 . eagla anbāil, ML² 979 . aingcise anbháile na hanma, TSh. 7878 . bedgaid do bhithin a chráid / 'na chrithir ḟergaig anbháil `in a mighty tremor of resentment', O'Gr. Cat. 461.15 . ag fornaidhe an uilc anbháil `extraordinary evil', TD 4.24 . an téigmheadh (= éigem) ainbháil eccobsaidh na mban, Ériu v 76.1 . ícc anbail ina einech, MR 132.4 . an éaraic uile anbháil (: láibh), DDána 39.4 . fleochud mor ┐ falcc anbail, MR 68.6 . anfadh anbháil, TSh. 2054 . tuile éigse anbháile (: Dáire), Content. x 23 . mine chluinead . . . in n-nual[l] n-anuail, TTebe 408 . na nuala arda anbaile, Smaointe B. Chr. 3717 . uch, a Dhé, as anbháil an fhoir, ZCP x 26.12 . Of a weapon: ro ghabhastur an óirsgiath . . . n-anbhóil . . . gona bile . . . anbháil terrible, Cath MT 491 . Of a person: fatha marbtha Eōin āin / do muintir hIrúaith anbāil, Ériu iv 174 § 4 . anbhal .i. anbfóill .i. romhór, O'Cl. Adv.: rofubad Find co hanbail, LL 193a32 . fo cinget in roth co hanbhail imdiscir, TBC-LL¹ 5614 . glaoidhes C. go hanbhail ar Laogh, p. 561 n.7 . creidit na manaigh co hanbail / cabair d'faghbáil dóib ó'n righ, SG 23.8 . lá co n-oidhci do co hanbháil / can a fhaghbáil de ó dheoin Dé, 27.29 . atracht co hanbhfhail, Lism. L. 1485 . co anbail oscardha, MR 120.3 . bátar co hanbhail esrainti greatly scattered, CCath. 737 .

? Also: co cath ard Ocha a.¤ (: cain, leg. anbaíl: caín ?), Metr. Dinds. iii 12.142 . Appar. as subst. in: tug mac an Dagdha . . . / serc gan tarba fri hanbaíl / do mnaí Ch., Metr. Dinds. iv 270.5 . Perh. forms of anbal.

Cf. anfóill.

anfud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfud or dil.ie/3608
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: anbod, tanfad, ainbthe, ainbthe, anfaid, anfod, anfaid, ainbthib

n earlier anbod (intens. of 2 féth or neg. of 3 féth, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 , LEIA s.v. anboth). Gender and inflexion doubtful. n s. in tanfad , LL 183a11 . g s. (or g p.) ainbthe, RC xvii 143.21 (Tig.). a s. (or a p.) ainbthe, LU 2980 . g s. anfaid, LU 8498 ( FB 35 ). a s. anfod, LU 9429 . d s. anfaid, Anecd. ii 41 § 17 . d p. ainbthib, Thes. ii 352.5 (Hy. vi). Mod. anḟaithe, O'Rah. 26.3 .

Tempest, storm: féth no anboth gl. navegantium . . . inaequalitas, Ml. 125d11 . ar cech néclind bas eslind / dom chorp co nainbthib hūathaib, Thes. ii 352.5 (Hy. vi) .i. fil co nanbthib, 43 . acht nip forlucht no anfuth (of taking out a boat), Laws iii 210.24 . for feth . . . for anfuth, 212.7 Comm. cia do f[u]air anfad for muir, v 190.y Comm. is mac ainbthe notusmairn `son of storm', RC xvii 143.21 (Tig.). fossod a tond medrach mend / mandra sál fri ainbthe hír, LU 2980 . baíthium a.¤ mílach mend, 3018 . ardomneat anfuth úar, 3019 . báite fairind mo churaig / lasin n-anfod crúaid, 9429 . talgud (= tailciud ?) inna fidbadh . . . la a.¤ tentide di cech le[i]th, Ériu ii 138 § 128 . a.¤ mara, LL 190c30 . Finnai cid lethan a loch / ┐ cid mór a anfod, Metr. Dinds. iv 306.14 . do éirigh anfadh orra, Keat. ii 531 . muir ar n-éirghe anfaidh, DDána 74.19 . do cuir an peisd an uired sin d'anfadh ┐ do combuaidhredh ar an fairce, ZCP xi 144.18 ( BCC 233 ). can tocht re gaith no ar feanfud, Cog. 182.22 . Attrib. g s. Tú mhínigheas an mhuir anfaidh the stormy sea, DDána 13.10 . ? As fixed phrase: a liuthad sodar mhuir anfaidh, SGS xviii 106.27 . go Loch n-anfaidh nUachtair, TD 16.53 .

Fig. in phrases descriptive of a hero, etc.: tonn anfaid, as í a shamhoil, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 29 . ard-anfud dond dílinne / décsiu Cerbaill chóe[i]m, RC xxix 211 § 4 . tonn is treisi anfadh `wave mightiest in fury', Studies 1920, 418.32 . a réim aithbhe dá hanfadh course of an ebb-tide in its storminess(?), DDána 92.44 . Cf. the compd. do léim tar fhál anfadhaithbhe across the barrier of a stormy ebb-tide(?), DDána 89.7 .

(b) turbulence, fury, rage in general: co ucht anfaid irgaile / re n-ocaib Ulad, LU 8498 ( FB 35 ). cosin flaith find fil fri a.¤ / i fil Dondchad, LL 4992 . cath F. / for coímu in chóicid . . . / og in t-anfad / irrubad Aed Rón is Chonchath, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 32 ( LL 183a11 ). anfadh cogaidh mhóir i nErinn, AFM ii 1024.11 . aister is fherr anfadh `a most dashing raid', Studies 1920, 418.12 . dín a Dé A. . . . / ar iffern co méit anfaid, LL 199b58 . tainic anfadh an bais chum na baindtigherna = semimortua facta est, Smaointe B. Chr. 3936 . ra érig . . . a.¤ anfóill ecíalla isna ardrigaib, LL 240a14 ( TTr. 1724 ). re hanfadh a ffercc, ZCP viii 224 § 31 . le hanfadh aigeanta, ML 128.14 . mínigh fraoch anfaidh an ḟir, TD 15.50 . íslig . . . grísnimh anfuid th'intinne, O'Gr. Cat. 457.13 . fulang hanfaid, Prolegomena 42 § 9 .

(c) In name of a weapon: lorg anfaid inna láim, LU 5596 (TBC) = lorc anfaith, TBC-I¹ 1113 . tainic in Dagdha ┐ a lorg anfaidh 'na laim, Metr. Dinds. iv 294.22 . Cf. ainbthen.

2 lorg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lorg or dil.ie/30683
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: lorc, lorg, lorg

n ā, f. but d s. lorc dromma, Ml. 51a8 . a s. lorg catha, Todd Nenn. 184.4 . lorg f., IGT Decl. § 158.

(a) staff, stick; rod or wand of office: lorc isind laim aili is samlid insin imme[t]ét . . . int ais lósc, Ml. 45c9 . dobert-side in loirc do bai 'na laim do (a king's sceptre?), Ériu v 36.22 . rechtaire teghlaig C. . . . Isí a lorc teglaig fail úasa, BDD² 800 ( LU 7186 ). slicht a luirge ina diaid, Triads 103 . ba híat a slegha ba lorga fosaighthi doibh `props', CCath. 2312 . a llorga ┐ a mbachla ina lámaib, PH 5103 . beir mo luirg [fessin] lat . . . ┐ rega gach conair bus ail duit, 2232 . rogerr a slegh ┐ dorindi l.¤ di (of a warrior turning pilgrim), ZCP vi 84.32 . an l.¤ no an baitín do bí n-a laimh (of Colum Cille), xi 142.33 . . . . mic Flaithbhertaigh an trostáin .i. a l.¤ Rómha (i.e. a pilgrim's staff), L. Cl. A. B. 3.9 . na daine . . . threigis an saeghal uile, ┐ gabus sgriptha ┐ l.¤ do ghradh Dia (virga). Smaointe B. Chr. 6071 . colg ara clúimh / sa l.¤ na láimh (of a dead pig, because he was setting out like a pilgrim on his last journey?), Irish Texts i 31.47 . l.¤ dromma the spine : hó lorc dromma [nō] delc gl. spina, Ml. 51a8 (see Études Celt. xl 65 ). na lorgdromma gl. spinas (? leg. lorg[a] d.), Gild. Lor. 169.

Used in some kind of proof or ordeal for determining the paternity of children of madwomen who have not been affiliated during the lifetime of the (putative) father: meic na mban mear so ┐ nucur astadh iat i mbeathaidh a n-athar, ┐ isedh dlegar dib a n-astudh ar a ligi (= luigi) go loirg no go mbreithir no go sulgnais, O'Curry 2295 ( Rawl. B 506, 28 ). tri fira is luga a fenechas .i. l.¤ ┐ briathar ┐ sulgnais .i. a l.¤ on mir gan urlabra, a briathar on mir co n-urlabra, a sulgnais on ciall maith gin urlabra, O'Curry 603 ( H 3.18, 295 ) = Cóic Con. 42 § 63 (`Spur'). a mhiond loirge mar luighe / gu ngoirge Ḟinn ḟalmuire, IGT Decl. ex. 2021.

(b) club, cudgel : l.¤ gl. claua, Ir. Gl. 52 . l.¤ .i. lúi airg .i. lāich í, Corm. Y 805. quia regem laginensium occidit .i. din tomad tuc fair dia luircc, Fél.² clxx 2 . .ix. slabrad iairn a cind cacha luirgi, BDD² 1280 . co trí lorggaib íarnaidib ina lámaib clí, MU² 775 . ethaid in luirg n-āairn ro bae triasin slabraid iron bar, Otia ii 86.16 . nir bo sop i n-inad largi [sen], Cog. 100.23 (of Brían Bóruma, a proverbial phrase). fuaim luirgi re luirigh, CCath. 6078 . gona ruibhne rena ghualainn / gona luirg fa luath a ngoil, ML 20.26 .

l.¤ áne hurley: tíagait tri coecait mac leis cona lorcaib áni, LU 5907 . a bunsach ┐ a l.¤ áne, 4868 . focherdat dano an tri .lll. lórg ána fair, 4877 . turcbaid . . . a oenluirg n-ániusa ┐ dícuris na trí coicait l.¤ , 914 . Without áne: bla liathroide l.¤ ┐ poll ┐ log . . . donti buailis in liathroid da luirg, Laws iii 554.3 - 4 (Text and Comm.). focheirdseom ūad a līathrōit ┐ a lloirc, TBC-I¹ 523.

l.¤ anfaid (anfad fury): atchíu fer chucund . . . l.¤ anfaid inna láim. Calg dét fóa choim (of Mac Roth), LU 5595 ( lorc anfaith, TBC-I¹ 1112 ). co táinic in Dagdha ┐ a lorg anfaidh 'na laim, Metr. Dinds. iv 294.20 (cf. ZCP iii 240 § 34 ). Cf. lorg adúathmar íarnaidi 'na láim, cend anbthen fhurri ┐ cend álgen . . . fuirmid in cend n-anbthen for cendar na nónbor condas-marband . . . Fuirmid in cend álgen forru condas-bethaigend, MU² 628.

(c) handle or shaft of an implement, etc.: for teora[ib] lorggaib a[i]thich—lorgg ḟorcha, lorgg ṡamthaige, lorgg rám(m)ai, Críth G. 531.2 . co na fuil aici acht rigi na tri larg; l.¤ a suisti, ┐ l.¤ a bela ┐ l.¤ a fidba (of an aithech), Laws iii 106. 14.15 Comm . caire cona inbiur(b) cona lorggaib, Críth G. 174 . a lorga maela (of hurleys), Ériu v 28.17 . tócbais a thēig libair for a luirg isin fraigid `on the peg in the wall', MacCongl. 11.27 .

(d) the membrum virile : secht nartim ina luirg (of Fergus mac Roig), Ériu iv 26.11 . tintā Fergus do debaid fri Coinculaind. `Olc dait . . . mo dīguin; is gairit mo lorc lat', TBC-I¹ 1210. See O'Brien, Études Celt. iii 369 f .

(e) g s. used attributively in several phrases (meaning is not always apparent) (i) áe loirge (áe lawsuit): ? ceas[c] co taet ae in-airecht la Feine? Nī. Ae loirge ar as ae lobair andsin, ae gacha bannsgaile, O'Curry 1614 ( 23 Q 6, 6a ) = cesc co ted ae i n-airecht la fene. Ae luirgi ar is ae lobuir annsin, ae cach bannscaile na fil folta (.i. na feine) na iardin (.i. iarmbrethemnus) le na turbaid, O'Curry 1269 ( H 3.18, 514 ). (ii) bard loirge name of one class of the dáer-baird, IT iii 110 § 8 , anmand na ndóerbard . . . culbard ┐ srutbard ┐ bard lorge ┐ drisiuc, IT iii 5.y . bard loirgi gan aisde ndilis the b. l. has no characteristic metre, iii 23.5 . bard lorce, .i. lorc ria hucht 'he has a staff in front of him', UR 51 n . do-eimh bard loirge lár 'a bard loirge protects a floor', UR 49.14 . (iii) bé loirge: direnar be luirge landire be loisde luineatha alaile, O'D. 2228 ( Nero A 7, 153b ) (`a distaff woman is entitled to full compensation-fine; she of the kneading-trough and churn-stick to the same assessment', O'Gr. Cat. 145 ).

(iv) cú loirge: cu loirge [.i.] cu ris na gabann greim lorg, Laws iii 414.26 Comm . (`a club dog i.e. a dog on which a club takes no effect', Plummer MS. notes); but perh. tracking dog. Cf. confusion between 1 and 2 lorg, O'Dav. 1155 s.v. 1 lorg (b). in cu loirgi . . . lan fiach ina cet cinaid seic, mad fri duine foglaidh, mad fri rubu, is aithgin; ar ni riagailter lorg fri rubu, 416.5 Comm .

Compds.

(i) With noun. ¤ḟertas (later by metath. ¤ḟersat) club or cudgel; iron bar : doghlac a lorg fersat catha .i. túagh thailc throm, Ériu v 174.200 . rabert C. béim d'a lorgḟertais bar na sluagaib, CRR 44 . muadhbemnech na loirc-fersat n-uiriarainn, TBC St. 4653 . luirgfhearsad imreamhar iarnaidhe trés an dá lúib do bhí ar cheann an tslabhra, Keat. ii 6300.

(ii) With adj. ¤remar thick-staved : do rinnetar leibenn lethann loirgremar . . . a timcell Oilella, Celt. Rev. iv 12.10 .

See maglorg.