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aignech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aignech or dil.ie/938

adj o, ā (cf. 2 aigen) epithet of horses spirited, swift(?): ech . . . a.¤ bairnech, ZCP iii 232.20 . aidhnech .i. aiginmhair, Ériu xiii 63 § 29 . .l. gabur . . . comrassa . . . aignecha, LU 10814 . méit eich aighnigh, Anecd. i 53.23 . A.¤ (name of a horse), Acall. 266 . aithnid dam eich na féinne . . . in a.¤ Diarmada dil, SG 100.13 . In n.pr.: Enna A.¤ .i. óg a enech nó . . . ágh nech .i. rob ághmar é, Cóir Anm. 100 = ionann aighneach ┐ ógh eineach .i. oineach iomlán, Keat. ii 2794 . Nel mac Enna Aighnigh, Dinds. 73 ( RC xv 473 ). Eocho a.¤ , Rawl. 83b39 . Note also: coscor a.¤ , Anecd. i 66.141 .

ainmm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmm or dil.ie/1471
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: a., ainm, ainm, ainim, a., ainm, anmae, anme, anmma, anmme, anmaim, anmin, anmmaimm, anman, anmmann, anman, anmann, anmanaib, nainm, nainmm

n n, n. Later m. int a.¤ , Trip.² 305 . ainm m. IGT Decl. § 41 . n s. ainm, Wb. 21d4 . Ml. 30a11 . ainim, 30a9 . a.¤ , Sg. 56b10 . a s. ainm, Ml. 30a10 . g s. anmae, Ml. 30a10 . anme, 36b1 . anmma, Sg. 26b11 . anmme, 211b6 . d s. anmaim, Ml. 30c17 . anmin, 17b9 . anmmaimm, Sg. 54b3 . n p. anman, Ml. 104a4 . a p. anmmann, Sg. 61b3 . g p. anman, Ml. 87a12 . anmann, Sg. 27a9 . d p. anmanaib, Ml. 30a8 . n du. da nainm , Ml. 34d6 . a du. da nainmm , Sg. 28a7 . For Ogam ANM see Vendryes Études Celt. vii 139-46 (= inscription? mortal remains?).

(a) name: anman na coic cathrach, Ml. 104a4 . hond anmim asberr iesus, 17b9 . is ed dogair som ho anmaim chailich which he calls by the name of, 30c17 . do dechor etir anmmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid inna crann sin, Sg. 61b3 . ind anmma dilis `of the proper name', 26b11 . Calpurnd ainm a athar, Trip.² 82 . Gnimcinnsiolaigh la ainim by name, TFrag. 168.10 . oc baistiud ind anma-sin fora athair, Sc.M² § 12 . cechlabat fir hErend . . . inn ainm sin, TBC-LL¹ 1056 . ainm n-ogaim, 582 (See Études Celt. vii 139-46). ainm ┐ uss ┐ slondudh (required in certain kinds of satire), IT iii 105 § 210 , see p. 122 and Éigse v 231 . Dismus ┐ Geomus anmand Grécda na latrand, Ériu iii 198 § 25 . sgríobhaid . . . anmonna ar slógh i nglanrolla, TD 30.9 . anmanda na seacht fear ndeg, Auraic. 125 . da n-ainm fuirre she has two names, ZCP viii 106.5 . Inis Bhanbha na ttrí ttonn / do shlonn sí trí hanma ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1152 . suairc an daingean anma d'Aodh this fort called Aodh's, DDána 119.10 . a.¤ baiste Christian name: Tadhg no Domnall, atá sunnradh anma baisde ionnta, IGT Introd. § 15 (7.21) . an Colum Cille . . . is é fá hainm baiste dhó Criomhthann, Keat. iii 1575 . i n-anmain in the name of: combad a n-anmaim cruichi Crist noragadh a n-agaidh Tholamir, RC x 184.7 . i nn-anmaim Athar ┐ Maicc ┐ Spirtu Noíb, Trip.² 668 . nach óen dobéra ní it anmaimm, 1343 . dia nglacadh . . . a n-ainm diūc de parma `to . . . receive them in the name of the D.', Fl. Earls 102.26 . baí ssidhe . . . leith bliadhain in ainm ┐ in ionad an prionnsa inErinn, AFM vi 225 § 11 . Meaning uncertain in phrase a.¤ rainde ('share, proportion (lit. a division in name only)' Ériu xl 104 n. 9 ; `proportion', Laws Gloss.; 'specified or fixed amount; designated fraction' EIS 102 ): in tainmrainne gabus in crann ina cloich gurab é in tainmrainne sin do leth logh bes fair ┐ is é rainn rachus ar na anmannaibh rainne sin, O'D. 916 ( H 3.17, c. 653 ). in tainmrainne gabus éric nochtaithi tige . . . bes a mbuain a tuige dib, 1696 (H. 5.15, p. 31b). in t-ainmrainde gabus aen trian secht cumal indtib uile, Laws iii 116.9 Comm. in tainmrainne geabus in sine isin uth, 366.5 Comm. in t-ainmroindi dun cethraimthi eneclainni . . . gurub a leth bias do, Laws v 34.17 Comm. in t-ainmrainde gaibis an sechtmad isin mis curob e an t-ainmrainde sin don dechmaid bes tis, 308.2 Comm. in tainmraindi d'a eniclainn fen do biad dosum, 72.10 Comm. Title, heading: an t-ainm iasachta uarais the foreign title thou hast got, TD 22a.8 . gan ainm ríodhamhna gan rígh, 32.44 . do chailleas onóir mh'anma, DDána 90.3 . ní dhé sin tré cheart n-anma / goirthear rí go bhfreasabhra `such a man cannot strictly be called opposed', Content. vi 138 . is anmmaim ona attat `under the name of loan', Laws v 368.x Comm. toirmisgther ann so a nainm gada . . . gan fiacha nó cíos do dhíol under the heading of theft, O'Gr. Cat. 113.32 .

(b) reputation, repute, renown: dia lotar fo-dess for fecht | fo ainm Iosēph i n-Ēgept 'they went southwards on a journey under the protection (lit. name) of Joseph into Egypt', SR (Greene) 3647​ . forbīad a ainm ar gnīmaib gaiscid firu Érend, TBC-I¹ 551 . is í T. cathuir is mó ainm indti `the city most of name', Maund. 228 . ? bidh ainm cintaig in gairm ndodhad / bid ainm cinadh, ACL iii 295 § 29 ; cf. 296 § 35 . ainm uasal san Eoruip ort, DDána, 90.6 . bhar n-ainm féile re fada / méadóchaidh Mac Diarmada , 68.35 . ar mhéad anma is einigh, TD 10.2 .

(c) Gramm. noun: ind anme fil ina chomsuidigud gl. nominis, Sg. 211b6 . intan nád ṁbí conson etir peneuilt ┐ uilt isind anmmaimm chétnidiu gl. in nomine, 54b3 . nibí dechor etir diall nanmann ┐ pronominum `there is no difference between the declension of nouns and pronouns', 27a9 . a.¤ (= nomen) ┐ pronomen ┐ briathar, Auraic. 300 . a.¤ scoilte noun composed of different words: ainm sgoilte nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocuil: Fégh fa lighe, no Giolla na naomh, no Mac Raith, IGT Introd. § 124 (28.23) . So also: ainm sgoilti, ainm ceirde, § 97 (24.27) . a.¤ substaintech concrete (as oppd. to abstract) noun(?): ar an méd as pearsuin di (i.e. don ghaoidheilg) seach a hanmannuibh subsdainnteacha, § 2 (2.10) . gan aithearrach oghuim do dhénamh ar chonnsuine láir anma subsdainntigh fhocuil nach comhfhocal, § 102 (25.33) . a.¤ trén substantive, see trén. a.¤ adiecht(a) adjective see adiec(h)t(a). a.¤ úathaid simple (i.e. uncompounded) noun , see 1 úathad. Cf. doaidbit ainm hi suidiu gl. nominatiui casus uim habent (of verbs), Sg. 159a2 (noun). Nominative case: ag sin, ag súd, is ag so comchóir réim is ainm orra, IGT Introd. § 128 (29.8) . co ír [réim] ┐ ainm na mbéluibh sin, ag sin mhnaoi ngil, ag sin bean gheal, ibid.

1 baile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 baile or dil.ie/5186
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: bailti

n io, m. (cf. 1 bail) b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 2 (39.20) . n p. bailti (proscribed form), ex. 65 .

(a) place; settlement; farm, ), farmstead (see Price, Celtica vi 119 ff. , Éigse xxxiv 25-26 , BUPNS ser. 2, i 8-13 ): b.¤ .i. inad, Stowe Gl. 231. Lec. Gl. 33. b.¤ gl. villa, Ir. Gl. 110. áitreoir, áitreabhach, fear b.¤ inhabitant, Eg. Gl. 7. [cipsi] airm (.i. b.¤) ina corp. . . ., Bretha § 16 n.2. im baliu aili, Vita Br. 25. isin bale cétna, Thes. ii 329.6 (Hy. v Comm.). is bréc bríg in domain / do chách dia mbí b.¤ `whose abode it is', Fél. Prol. 146. isin bailiu sin (sc. Inber Slan), Trip.² 375. rop eclas cathalacda iar tain bali in ro adnacht, LU 4095. ar ṅdúnaid ┐ ar ṅdegbaleda, LL 22653. macc do dia mac do muire / dia is duine i noenb.¤ , LB 185.1 . Raith guth aird in baili adta Lec Patraic aniu, Laws i 2.3 Comm. gilla na filedh . . . bis a bailiu i mbailiu, 106.11 Comm. dia bailib `to his own land', Ériu xvi 164 § 38. b.¤ Bél leice Manerium de Bel lecce (in bilingual document), Hy Fiach. 458.5 . na bailida, Ann. Conn. 1225.27 . bailte ceall gan cumhsccugadh (i.e. sites for churches), BNnÉ 283.z. Often of religious foundations: uair ba b.¤ la Comghall Disiort Diarmada , TFrag. 204.8 . i mbali Ruadain, LL 19269. ro mhill an b.¤ co mór (of Iona), AFM iii 134.20 .

(b) (fortified) village , town, city: grágan, b.¤, cuimin, a village, a suburb , Eg. Gl. 357. Luca ainm a b.¤ duthaigh, CCath. 932. tar mur an baili amach, TTebe 4832 . do brath na mbailed marcaig market towns, Ann. Conn. 1249.11 . cathracha ┐ bailti, Maund. 151. go hairdegluis an bh.¤ = unto the principall church of the towne, RSClára 79b . trí bh.¤ chuain . . . Port Lairge, Áth Cliath ┐ Luimneach = tres civitates construxerunt, Keat. iii 2905. a Muineachán . . . b.¤ longpuirt Meg Mh. `stronghold', Fl. Earls 60.1 . leo ní díol ríoghacht[a] ar mbailte thrācht `commercial towns (?)´ Celtica iv 105 § 1 .

(c) b.¤ (equated with b.¤ biattaig (see 1 bíattach) by O'Donovan, Hy Fiach. 204n .) used of a specific measure of land, thirty bailes making up the trícha cét ( ML 107 § 4 and see also Ériu xx 188 , Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 319, 323-24 ); a townland: naoi mb.¤ naoi lethbh./naoi leth triucha naoi triucha, LL 396.12 . conach baí fer lethbali i nUltaib na toracht and, MU² 195. fer b.¤ na feraind dib, LB 143a47 . b.¤ chongmhas trí ched bó / le taeb dhá ṡeisrigh dhég, ML 107 § 5. fiche b.¤ fós is cúig chéd / is chúig mhíle / . . . / an lín b.¤ 'tá a n-Eirind, 108 § 11. do gabatar b.¤ ┐ leth Alban ar éiccin `more than half', L. Chl. S. 2. crioch ┐ torann Ereann . . . othá cuicceadh co tuaith, ó thuaith co b., ┐ o b.¤ go traighidh do thír, AFM i 116.z .

(d) passage (in book or speech): is báile inso sís as incertus `this below is a place that is `incertus',' Thes. ii 45.11 (Ardm.). ni fil isin scribtuir . . . bale . . . asa ṅgabtha numir bliadan na essise, Rawl. 75a48 . an b.¤ ata an tsoilbech beithach la logh n-imaetha, Laws v 342.21 Comm. aei [ḟ]reslígi [ḟ]ria ha cantain i n-aen baili ┐ Cro Cumaisc fri a ndeliugud together, MacCarthy 122.y.

(e) Conj. (in) b.¤ , (a) b.¤ (bala) where, wherever: baili i comrecdais dā ūaitne chomlaind, TBC-I¹ 2432. b.¤ itá Saball Pátraic indiu, Trip.² 377. bali i rrolsat a carnd, BDD² 628. tínaicid a rath in bale is áil dó wherever he likes, PH 5493. ag so a bhala a ndub[har]t tu . . ., Bard. Synt. Tr. 43.42 . ag so a b[h]aile, 2 . bíd cách a bh.¤ i mbí a dtail, DDána 107.7 . a-bh. i dteagar thairis `where folk speak of Him', Aithd. D. 75.4 . abhaile a mbí séimhiughadh wherever, IGT Introd. 17.19 . bhala ar cuireadh a chorp `where his body was buried', Rel. Celt. ii 170.29 . bh.¤ nach ttreabhaid = in which they may not plough, RSClára f. 42a . See 1 bail.

(f) Adv. a thabhairt a bh.¤ to bring it home, Donlevy 436.10 . an rabha ag b.¤ ag Eoin . . . `at home ', Rel. Celt. ii 194.x . amuigh ┐ a mb.¤ `at home and abroad', Donlevy 432.21 .

(g) Freq. in nn. loc. See Hog. Onom., FM Index and O'Don. Suppl.

barae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. barae or dil.ie/5381

Forms: barann, barainn, -ainne

n n, f. Also barann, barainn (g s. -ainne). anger, hostility (with subj. and obj. gen.); vehemence, excitement, exaltation: bare .i. búre, Corm. Y 155. Cf. bara fri búre, LU 10833 (prov. anger in return for anger). barann .i. biubhanas ut est beógudh barann, ┐ adfét brigh barann, O'Dav. 267. barann .i. ecraiti, ut est. atfeth brigh barann, O'Curry 2046 (H. 4.22, 61b). `barann' gach béimneart, Metr. Gl. 13 § 22. barann .i. béim, O'Cl. bara .i. fearg, ibid. im (sic leg.) barain gl. in ira mea, Wb. 33a13 . diar ṅéis arnáp b.¤ , Fél. Ep. 419. cía b.¤ ro boí día sruith fríu whatever anger, Trip.² 1521. hin fil ní hi crádind do Día, nó in fail a baraind frim?, 2763 . lin a barann ṁbúan, SR 7934. nīcon mela in fersa a baraind for Ultu nī bus moo, TBC-I¹ 3596. mas co mbaraind dotæt cucunn, IT i 279 n.21 (Eg.) = co féirg, LU 8698 ( FB 52 ). bráo mara / bara bledmaill, LU 8682 ( FB 52 , rhet.). atcota brīgh barann / atcota barann bidbaid, Anecd. iii 11.23 , 24 . cech long rasmbia a bara / ni ragha cen badhad, ii 41 § 11 . fer do baraind bruthaigte, TBC-I¹ 1817 (rhet.). cid mor a bara fort . . . nit aghamar though you are very angry at it, IT ii1 181.199. indas na luinde ┐ na barainde . . . tucsat leo isin chath, LL 403a25 ( TTr.² 927 ). barand immais `fury of inspiration', RC xxvi 24 § 81. bruth ┐ barand, TBC-LL¹ 1932. imir do bharainn fair, BNnÉ 300 § 4 . 's na teinntibh i mbia a mbara the anger inflicted on them (?), PBocht 12.51 . dimbirt a ainchridhe ┐ a bharainde, Hugh Roe² 42.19 . cūach Dīarmada do Breg barainn as a cause of the enmity of Brega (?), Corm. Y 950.

Attrib. g s. angry, hostile: bret[h]a barann, AFM ii 594.19 (an. 917 ). bag barand, LL 23560. lonnbruth barand, TBC-I¹ 3237. mac barrainde (: arrainne), IGT Decl. ex. 564.

Compds. With nouns: co mbarannbāigh, Otia ii 83.1 . re barann-beicedhaigh na n-os, CCath. 4351. Bairnech barannbél, Metr. Dinds. iii 444.52 . nād bad fornn nimbræ do borann (no a suprascript over o) -borrfad (sic leg.) barainn, TBC-I¹ 3561. tri barannghlaedha badhbha, Acall. 908.

With adj.: baighbriathar baronnborb an Goibernora, Hugh Roe² 224.19 .

brath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brath or dil.ie/6578

Forms: mrath, mbrath, braith, bráth, bratha, braith

n Later form of mrath. Transitional spelling mbrath, Ériu iv 238.4 , LU 4707. Later also braith (: maith, Aithd. D. 61.31 ). Somet. bráth (see bráth). g s. bratha, Metr. Dinds. iv 194.15 , AFM v 1670.16 .

(a) act of betraying; treachery, betrayal: bid b.¤ (: chath), LU 4578 (TBC). mo b.sa, Anecd. i 5.11 (SCano 129). mairg lāim rogheoghain a b.¤ from treachery (?), RC xvii 229.28 . in bráth (sic) ┐ in trecun, TBC-LL¹ 4030. b.¤ is bét, MacCarthy 192.7 . ba lugu do chinaid . . . b.¤ a `mágistrech' andás b.¤ a `thigerna' (of Judas), PH 5167. ? fuair b.¤ (breith, v.l.) `fell . . . by treacherous chance', Metr. Dinds. iii 460.15 . dia b.¤ `to entrap' (sc. a bull), 370.3 . do bh.¤ . . . dia Céadaoin, DDána 14.7 . In cheville: cen b.¤ , Sc.M² 22a . amles do flatha, Laws i 230.z .i. . . . a braith, co ndligidh eneclann de, 234.3 Comm. i cinaid . . . do thengad, 156.31 .i. aer, no ainmed, no b.¤, no guforgill, no gufiadhnaisi, 162.6 Comm. See ZCP xiv 363.2 - 4 . Clann M. d'fagbail braith air ┐ a marbad doib `he was betrayed to the C.M.', Ann. Conn. 1390.3 . fuair an dream . . . / b.¤ ar a bheith i n-uaignios, Aithd. D. 3.14 . go ffuair an Ridire . . . b.¤ ar Shémus do beith i n-uamhaidh, AFM vi 2260.12 . b.¤ ar a háille an uair rug when he had an opportunity of observing her beauty (?), DDána 32.21 .

(b) act of spying, reconnoitring: do b.¤ in longphuirt, LL 38607 `to go spy out the camp', SG 378.3 . do b.¤ na mbailed marcaig, Ann. Conn. 1249.11 . do b.¤ tire tarrngire, Maund. 51. ni fhoil fath a mb.¤ mbaili `watching' or `guarding' (Notes), Magauran 2598 . an neach ga mbí an b.¤ the man on guard, Aithd. D. 5.4 . do bhaoi b.' gun ḟoirinn air were waiting for him, DDána 64.16 . Note further: [go n]dearbhair a buaidh aga b.¤ `may its (a boat's) excellence be tested and assured', Aithd. D. 82.11 . ro labuir fris do fuighlibh ailgeana do b.¤ a irlabra `to judge of his speech', Grail 82 . lór dá bh.¤ . . . / gach cath was sufficient testimony to him, O'Hara 3983. a mheic Bhríain a bh.¤ m'eíccsi `mark of my verse', Ériu ix 2.33 .

(c) act of revealing; revelation, sign: cen b.¤ brīathar goa `without meditating words of falsehood' (revealing ?), Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 2. lór do bh.¤ ar ghéire ar nguil / sgath mo dhéire na dheasguibh sufficient revelation of, IGT Decl. ex. 1120. Note also: ar n-a bhraith . . . do Gh. . . . go raibhe etc. when G. perceived, Keat. ii 1701. milaochus do braith ort, ZCP x 277. 26 . gá lucht iuil nocha bhíodh a bh.¤ / síon ciuin gan chioth, PBocht 2.23 . is tú braith na bhfleadh bhfíneamhna `hope of the wine-feasts', Aithd. D. 61.31 . b.¤ air bás Diarmada `a sign of D.'s death', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 328.18 .

(d) With AR: act of depending (on); dependence, something depending (on): an maitheas ar a mbí a b.¤ `the goods on which he depends', O'Hara 703. bheith aig bráth air chungnamh chách tar éis do bháis, De Imit. 45.13 . Cf. ar ṁb. Fer B. `our hope', Metr. Dinds. iv 334.22 .

(e) As qualifying and attrib. gen.: ethgig ┐ áes braith treacherous folk, LU 2190 ( FA 27 ). aés braith ┐ taisccélta ` spies ', AFM vi 2212.23 . cech bithbinech braith (: croich) `every treacherous criminal', PRIA xix (1895), 552 § 41 ( LL 18644 ). ni lossat na troich / recait bernaid ṁbraith (: scaith) `the gap of betrayal' (Táin 3368), TBC-LL¹ 3957. ar gach mbaegol mbraith, ACL iii 232.4 . beagán do luach bhraith as a fee for giving information, Magauran 1741 .

Compds. múr nach brisfe brathairminnleadh, DDána 89.20 . an bhrathbhuille bhodhbha `sudden blow', PBocht 3.3 . brath-choma bidhbhadh, MR 306.18 . cen báegul cen brathbini `treacherous crime', Metr. Dinds. iii 342.22 . bail nach bí brath-chocor beóil `no betraying murmur of lips', Ériu vii 220 § 8. adbul brathgnó, Metr. Dinds. iii 340.15 . berta brath-teagaisc false instruction, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 74.8 .

cáin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáin or dil.ie/7786
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cānae, cánanda, cánann

n i, f. Later also with dental and velar inflection. Note also g s. cānae, Cáin Ad. 48 . IGT Decl. § 201 . n p. cánanda, ibid. g p. cánann, ex. 2162 . See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 193 , O'Brien, Celtica iii 172 .

Law, regulation, rule; fine, tax, tribute. Precise legal significance difficult to define. Appar. regarded as statute law (a law imposed by a king, perh. by an over-king) or by the church ( Ériu xii 69 , Ir. Hist. Stud. xiii 101 - 3 ) in contrast to aurradus customary law. It is always more severe than the latter, ZCP xiv 339 . See Cóic Con. pp. 65 - 66 . Frequ. glossed by ríagail ( Laws ii 222.3 Comm. etc.). The wider meaning written law undoubtedly derived from the numerous monastic ordinances issued in the 8th cent., Thurn. ZCP xviii 396 . By annalists appar. equated with lex (see AU 733 , 736 , 766 and Index s.v. Law). In legal commentary, denotes the law as recorded in old books in contradistinction to aurradus which denotes current law ( The Irish Jurist xxxiii 359 , Literature and Politics in the Celtic World 199-200 , Ériu lii 136 n. 39 ).

(a) law as a system, set of regulations : c.¤ a canoine .i. regula , O'Mulc. 200 . cis lir cain i tir, na bi imaclaid la Feine?, Laws v 480.8 . ro suigideadh (? leg. for-suidigthea) na cana so o tosach domain, 480.22 . ata[a]t .iii. cáini (caine, MS.) nad chumgat comarbai do chumscuchud `there are three rules (servitudes) which heirs are not capable of changing i.e. three types of servitude to which one's land may become subject by adversative prescription', Ériu xvii 68 § 9 and note. c.¤ cach uisci thairidne .i. riagail inn uisce . . . , § 8 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana, BCrólige 5 and note. it cetheora arag . . . fris-tobngiter na ceithri aur[r]athais: athgabail fri brat[h]a Cai, giall fri cain, etc., Bürgschaft 75.16 . adarbetar a cain ┐ rechtgi echtca sin, O'Mulc. 368 . Of the regulation for exacting satisfaction for injury (see (b) below): techta cana caich la derbfine .i. dliged na riagla tobaig caich, Ir. Recht 34 § 36 . fer cána the cáin lawyer: ca heiric bhias i nguairiuga[dh] cána, uair nar innis fer cána éiric inn i c.¤ , O'D. 873 ( H 3.17, c. 626 ). In phr. luige cána, see 1 luige. Contrasted with aurradus (see above): deithbirugh[ad] itir c.¤ ┐ urradus (one of the qualifications of a brehon), O'D. 925 ( H 3.17, 657 ). diablad coirpdire urradais sin, ┐ a da cutruma in diablad corpdire cana, Cóic Con. 38 § 51 . is doib do r[or]macht cain do cach duine da fuil airem eneclainne ar cumalaib i n-urradus, 50 § 97 . noco nfuilit ree nanta re athgabhala cána amhuil atá re athghabhála urradhuis, O'D. 621 ( H 3.17, c. 461 ) (see further under aurradus). Distinguished from cairde: imdích dliged a chéle cintaib cuir, c.¤, cairddi[u] co neoch atallen `he defends the rights of his clients in regard to liabilities arising from contract, written law and treaty(?)', Críth G. 340 and note. muna tabri c.¤ no cairde, BCrólige 43 and note. deichniubar aice ac denum cana ┐ cairde (of the aire désa), O'Curry 2057 (H 4.22, 64a). issed . . . doberar do . . . ar a chain, ar a chairde, ar a rechtnge, Laws v 520. 5 . See further under cairde.

Note further (from non-legal texts): is hí . . . cāin robūi . . . la Bretna: in biodba inna chinaid do neoch forsesed a chāin nō forūasnadfad a chāin, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.3 ). ní duaichnid is í in ch.¤ ro mebaid and in tan ro gabad for loscad in tíre, BDD² 243 . hi ṅgíallnae nár choillet ith na blicht i nHérind tara ch.¤ téchtae, 921 . ar febus na cána ┐ in tṡída, 607 (of prosperous reign). is coll geisi ┐ cána dam-sa inní sin (the Paschal fire), Trip.² 448 . cia chollit araile in cánaid sea, LB 203b56 . ní dlig laech a enecland dia mbé i n-écmais a arm. conid c.¤ midlaig no ndlig fon samail sin law applying in the case of the m.(?), LU 6156 (TBC). ro leasaiged . . . fo chain lesaighthi, RC xliii 114 § 120 . c.¤ dilguda i.e. (Christian) doctrine of forgiveness, LU 9747 . foclaim rim chain is rim chubus / . . . na roaerus duine remhe by my troth, IT iii 86 § 89 . do fhregair in sámaid sin / a cánaib is a caingnibh, SG 69.18 . ón lá do cailleadh do ch.¤ when Thy law was broken (of the offence of Adam), Dán Dé xxviii 17 . In phrase do-gní c.¤ fri makes a law regarding: dogēna cāin fri banscāla, ACL iii 231.20 .

In names of particular laws or titles of tracts: is a Senchas Mar ro airletha na cetheora cano:— cain iarraid, cain saerraith, cain aicillne, cain lanamnussa techta, Laws i 40.21 . cain lanamna, ii 342 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 2 ). c.¤ aigillne, ZCP xiv 338 ff. cain airlicthe, Laws v 370.9 . cain dornn cliath, 474.13 .i. riagail na cleithi donither o'n durn, in cathcliath, 476.16 Comm. cain ona, 368.9 . cain othrusa `rule of nursing', BCrólige 25 . amail atberr a Cain techta bered darba, O'Dav. 629 = beridh darbha, muchaidh ainbḟios, etc., Ériu xiii 39.12 . in cain einech, 13.14 . ite na filidh do-bongad cain n-enech, 23 . In eccles. contexts: at éat so ceithri cána Erenn .i. cain Patraic gan [n]a chleirchiu do marbad, ┐ caín Adamnáin gan [n]a mna do marbad, Cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, ┐ Cain domnaig can toirimtecht etir, Fél. 210.31 ( Keat. iii 1705 ). forus chano Patricii hi Cruachnibh la Dubdaleithi `promulgation of the law of P.', AU i 258.5 (782). is i so tra in Cain Patraic, Laws i 18.1 . cutruma cumal cana Padraicc ┐ cumal cana Cormaic, O'Curry 577 ( H 3.18, 287 ). cain fuithribe, Laws iii 60.4 Comm. rith cana Patraic . . . r. c.¤ Diarmada . . . r. c.¤ boileachta . . . r. c.¤ Adamnain, O'Curry 2132 (H 4.22, 87b). mad iar gc.¤ Adamhnain, O'D. 673 ( H 3.17, 493b ) i.e. if the suit is brought under the law of A. (as oppd. to mad iar gc.¤ i.e. ordinary law), Plummer MS. notes. conid sí cētchāin lāithir for nimh ┐ for talmain Cāin Adomnāin, Cáin Ad. 21 . brithimain cānae Adomnān, 37 . bendacht . . . for anmain Adamnán . . . / rolā cāin forsna clanna, Thes. ii 306.4 (Hy. i). crannaig cana Darí ┐ Moling, O'Curry 343 ( H 3.18, 191 ). ni fil dithach .i. cain Dari .i. cain boslechta dia mbe tuarasdal cana Patraic ag nech, 2577 ( Eg. 88, 48 (49)d ). C.¤ Domnaig, title of tract on the observation of Sunday, Anecd. iii 21 = Ériu xx 151 .

(b) legal due, tribute : commotatio martirum Petir ┐ Poil ┐ Phatraicc ad legem perficiendam i.e. to exact the `cáin', AU i 188.12 (see further Index s.v. law ). conid desin dliges Ciaran cana coidcenda fo Erinn, YBL 171b12 . oc denamh a chana levying his tribute, Anecd. ii 12.13 . fo chánaibh Chiaráin, AFM ii 1096.8 . maor cána Adhamhnáin, 620.20 . LU 9376 . fó óenmám ┐ fo chís ┐ fo ch.¤ , LL 116 . commeít a ḟeraind . . . gan ch.¤ . . . gan ecendáil, 10073 ( TBC-LL¹ 3029 ). tucadh . . . a chana dligid do C. . . . nai fichit bo . . . , RC xliii 12 § 5 . co tuc caín esti, RC xvii 402.10 (Tig.). co nderna . . . c.¤ for cach tūeth, ZCP viii 316.20 . fer cāna a tributary(?), xv 336 § 28 . c.¤ ar na cnoibh tax on nuts, Aithd. D. 1.24 . ní cíos a-mháin ar Mumhain / bhíos acht c.¤ Í Chonchubhair, 7.12 . tug iomad maoine ┐ mórchánach as (of Armagh), Keat. iii 2974 . ó initt go caisg gan c.¤ / acht madh páin ┐ bioror `without (receiving) tribute save only bread and cress', ZCP i 64 § 105 . ní thabair cóir ina gcána / cóir Danair dá rádha rú, IGT Decl. ex. 2163 . fáoigfidh leth a gcos ad chána / dá mbeth cros gach ágha d'fir, ex. 49 . c.¤, dubhchíos no custum, Ezra vii 24 . fuagraim oruibh cain bhrisde focal penalty fine for breaking one's word, Luc. Fid. 4341 . Atonement (esp. of Christ's a. for Adam's sin): emenda .i. c.¤ , Ir. Gl. 98 . crann díola croinn na cána, Aithd. D. 88.3 . an té do choill an gcánaigh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiii 1 . ag so dhuit, a Dhia . . . / . . . an chalann 'n-a cánaigh féin, DDána 62.13 . íc ruibh do chuid don chánaidh / d'ḟuil Ádhaim duid a Dhúilimh, IGT Decl. ex. 2164 . Note also: mar ch.¤ an pheacaidh, Donlevy 348.23 .

In phrase cen ch.¤ (cheville): na ceil orm innis cen chain / ca lín dofaeth dom deslaim, RC xxiii 420.9 . can ch.¤ , LL 4381 . Cf. cain .i. cainte, O'Curry 94 ( H 3.18, 66 ).

coach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coach or dil.ie/9791

n .i. rūathar ut est c.¤ Dīarmada (de Bri barainn add. v. l.) ┐rl., Corm. Y 362 . ?Cf. cūach, Corm. Y 950 . Cf. Dinneen s.v. cóch.

4 cúach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 cúach or dil.ie/13303

x = coach: cūach (.i. rúathar, v.l. add.) Dīarmada do Breg barainn, Corm. Y 950 .

Datlaech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Datlaech or dil.ie/14758
Last Revised: 2013

o, npr. m. Son of Diarmaid Find and brother of Domnall and Conchobar BB 100 a 2 . gen. mac Datlaich meic Diarmada , 100 a 6 , 7 , 8 . 102 b 34 . mac Dadlaich meic D., 100 a 26 , 34 , &c. Hui Dadlaich, 161 b 11 .

1 degaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 degaid or dil.ie/15058

Forms: degid, degaid, digaid, dĭgaid, degaid, digaid, degaid, deguid, dedaid, dedaig, degaig, degaich, dega, deagha, dheagh, ndagaid, negaid

adj i, a s. in i ndegaid n-, nom. prep. with gen. Old vn. of †do-saig (cf. con-dïeig) seeks, searches , and regularly developed from †dí-ṡagid > deägid > degaid. Never †dechaid (cf. fochaid). — degid only Acr. 10 c 3 . degaid, Wb. 30 b 14 . Sg. 5 a 2 . 7 a 4 . 7 b 1 , 6 . 26 b 7 . 101 b 1 . Tur. 74 . Thes. ii 357. 14 . The form digaid only in Mil (where degaid does not occur): Ml. 71 b 11 . 78 c 14 . 81 c 3 . 111 a 5 . 138 c 18 ; probably dĭgaid (otherwise Thurn. Hdb. 458 ). For the interchange degaid: digaid, cf. dead: 1 díad, which latter form, like digaid, in Oir. only occurs in Mil (and once in Tur). As to the confusion of degaid, digaid with dead, diaid, see dead under Inflexion.

ECLIPSES a following stressed syllable: i ndegaid nÍsu, Tur. 74 . i ndegaid ṅguttae, Sg. 5 a 2 . i nd.¤ ṅDé, 101 b 1 . —Only Oir.

ASPIRATION only Mid.-Ir. (cf. i ndiaid). a nd.¤ Chelestíni BB 10 a 32 . a nd.¤ chlainde Morna, Acall. 2817 . —Cf. SR 6042 . SG 67. 20 . ZCP viii 115. 15 .

MID.-IR. SPELLINGS: degaid, deguid, dedaid ( TBC-LL¹ 2187 Y), dedaig ( TBC-LL¹ 400 Y; FDG 340 ), degaig ( TBC-LL¹ 1558 Y), degaich ( Lec. 353 a 47 ), dega ( Laws iii 40. 2 , 4 ). na deagha sin, Lib. Flav. ii 7 a 1. 8 f.b. ina dheagh sin, 8 a 1. 6 (hardly for dead). i ndagaid , Todd Nenn. 48. 1 (confusion of i nd.¤ with i nagaid). PHONET. a negaid , ZCP viii 115.15 . Cog. 164. 8 .

MOD.-IR. i ndeaghaidh, frequent in poetry and also heard in the spoken language. Cf. Quiggin Dial. Don. § 162 and dead II A (d). For deabhaidh, v. ib.

Originally in search of. Of serial and temporal order, synon. with i ndiaid ( i ndigaid, Ml. 78 c 14 = i ndiad, 42 b 5 , 72 b 27 . i nd.¤ .i. i ndiad, Cog. 164. 8 ). Translates Lat. post, Sg. 101 b 1 . Tur. 74 . proinde, Ml. 71 b 11 . Refers to Lat. sequens, Sg. 7 b 6 . subsequens, 7 b 1 . successio, Ml. 78 c 14 . Acr. 10 c 3 . — The original sense is still apparent in a phrase like the foll.: conadh aṁlaidh sin fuair (sc. in chaillech) bás i nd.¤ Suibhne in the pursuit of S., BS 82. 13 .

(a) loc. after, behind; of serial order after, following after (cf. dead II A (d α)).post deum .i. i nd.¤ ṅDé next to God Sg. 101 b 1 . i noensillaib disi ┐ in gute inna degaid, 7 b 1 . ib. 5 a 2 . 7 b 6 . dogéntais drúid tinchetla na ndegaid arná fétaitis tichtain arís, LL 13 a 34 . darónad cipi oenchatha do gallaib ... ┐ tucad ina negaid (sic) sen é .i. i ndiad na nanmargach, Cog. 164. 8 . ib. 82. 7 . vii mba ina ndeághaidh sin following them ML 4. 14 . robtis do chethramthain scáilte ricfaidis dochum in dúnaid i ndegaid do charpait TBC-LL¹ 1184Y. rasrengad i nd.¤ a ech ┐ a charpait, TBC-LL¹ 1924 (cf. dead II (d η)).—Often opp. to remi: vi sluaig rempi...vi sluaig na degaid, SR 4876 . Críst reum Críst im degaid, Thes. ii 357. 14 . PH 4383 . — after, in succession to (cf. dead II (d β)): maic i ndegaid a nathre, Wb. 30 b 14 . rogab in ríge a ndeadhaidh a athar, BB 9 b 46 . ib. 7 a 46 . 9 b 38 . 10 a 32 . TFrag. 16. 18 ; 50. 19 ; 96. 9 . cech ... i nd.¤ alaili (alaile f.) one after another = cech...i ndiad alaili (cf. dead II d β). continua successione .i. cech rí i ndigaid alaili, Ml. 78 c 14 . Acr. 10 c 3 . Sg. 7 a 4 . cech lathi i ndigaid alaili, Ml. 111 a 5 , cf. lá i nd.¤ alaili, LU 130 a 37 . degaid i ndegaid = diaid i ndiaid: mas dega i ndega, Laws iii 408. 21 .

(b) of temporal order: after, following immediately on. is gnáth lie i naibnib i ndigaid flechud mór, Ml. 81 c 3 . mí rempi ┐ dechmaid ina deghaidh, Laws i 198. 3 f.b. bó ...rogaod a ndeghaidh a daim, TFrag. 36. 3 f.b. foraindi ┐ forár maccaib inár ṅdegaid, PH 2731 .

i nd.¤ sin proinde Ml. 71 b 11 . Cf. i ndiad sin (dead II d γ). ina d.¤ sin thereafter, then , very common in Mir. ina d.¤ sin táinic Conall assin baile amach, Acall. 2711 . ib. 3075 . 3089 . 3234 . 3240 . 3334 . guibhe (i.e. guidh) na dheadhaidh sin cu dlúithdeifirech, Lib. Flav. 23 a 1. 15 . ML 66. 11 . inda degaid sin, 3 B 23, 17 a 11 f.b. na deaghai sin, Lib. Flav. ii 7 a 1. 8 f.b. ina dheagh sin, ii 8 a 1. 6 (or = i ndead). MOD. na dheagha' san, na dheaghaig sin; cf. na dheabhaigh sin ( GJ viii 208 ). ina d.¤ (often referring to a preceding subst.) id., Laws iii 40. 2 . Lec. 353 a 47 . ní dernad remi ná na degaid (sic leg.) mirbail bud mó, PH 32 . BS § 70. 4 . SG 21. 23 .

ina chertdegaid directly afterwards: na ch., MR 200 . 18 . LL 130 a 26 .

(c) after verba movendi, after, to, denoting the aim or object , cf. dead II (d ε). Synon. i ndiaid, occasionally also i ndáil ( i ndegaid catha, Acall. 3440 = i ndáil catha, TTr. 1841 ). dol i nd.¤ like dol i ndiaid: dula dó i nd.¤ in tsluaig SR 3998 . foruirecht...cen dul i nd.¤ Dauid, 6042 . Laws ii 64. 6 . ac dul a nd.¤ catha to go to the battle Acall. 3440 . — ragatsa...inbar nd.¤ , BDD § 12 Eg. tiagait i nd.¤ Diarmada co Teamraig, SG 67. 20 . Snedg. u. Mac R 31. 23 . Laws i 220. 19 . to follow with a hostile intention, pursue. Transl. Lat. insequi: doluid in sindach slán fón caillid ┐ slóg Laigen etir echu ┐ chona inna d.¤ equitibus insequentibus Lat. Lives 85. 15 . Acall. 2817 (= ar slichtlorg, 2777 ). Todd Nenn. 48. 1 .—tic i nd.¤ comes for; also comes in pursuit of. in ned tic ... i nd.¤ a tairb, LL 174 b 11 = CRR 30. 7 . Laws i 104. 15 . doriachtadar...go Róim a nd.¤ Grigair, ZCP viii 115. 15 . TBC-LL¹ 2187 Y. TFrag. 166. 7 ; 172. 21 .—fugiat post Iesum .i. i nd.¤ nÍsu, Tur. 74 .—lingid i nd.¤ jumps after: lingidsom i ndedaig a nónbair, TBC-LL¹ 400 Y. roling sí...ina dh.¤ , BS § 41 .—foceird i nd.¤ throws after: focheirt...in sleig i ndegaig Firbáith, TBC-LL¹ 1558 Y.—Further in ellipt. sentences: fis i nd.¤ mo vii mac send for my seven sons FDG 340 .

(d) beith i nd.¤ to follow or come after , loc. and tempor. Cf. beith i ndiad, dead II (d ζ). `quoniam &c.' do buith i nd.¤ cech ferso, Ml. 138 c 18 . atá lá i nd.¤ alaili, LU 130 a 37 ( TE § 12 ). cid in dirram slóig ... rofail itegaid, LL 174 b 28 . an giolla baoi na dh.¤ , TFrag. 224. 2 . to be born from, descend from: ní ḟuil daṁ at dh.¤ si gan xx ben, BS 78. 2 f.b. to be in charge of (cattle): in comlín bias ina nd.¤ , Laws iv 156. 25 . Also to pursue , RC xvi 407. 5 .

(e) inár ndegaid as a term of reference below, farther on, hereafter = inár ndiad, v. dead II (d δ). mar adéram nár nd.¤ , Laws i 140. 14 . in biad so adérum inár ndedhaigh, ib. ii 234. 12 .

(f) in an idiom. sense after , referring to a departed person. Synon. i ndiaid, v. dead II d θ. Ísu dofuair bás ┐ atát na haspail ac canamain an ciúil so ana degaid, 3 B 22, 67 a 10 . mór ṁban dagéna uch ach i nd.¤ na rouallach, TFerbe 617 . is bethu imaudu [mo bethu] i ndeadaig mo chon, TBC-LL¹ 533 Y. budh henar dhuinn na nd.¤ , Rel. Celt. i 129 . —Cf. also: lelgadar eich Chonchulaind in núr corrice na clocha i ndegaid ind ḟeuir, TBC-LL¹ 249 Y.

Díarmait

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Díarmait or dil.ie/15977

Forms: Diarmuit, Diarmait, Diarmaid, Diarmoit, Diermait, Diairmit, Diarmato, Diarmata, Diarmada, Diarmuda, Diarmaida, Diarmeda, Dermato, Dermata, Dermada

n.pr. m. (dí + format). See Wortk. 155 .

(a) Diarmait , usual form in LL and Rawl., common also in BB, Lec. TBC-I¹ 2115 , CRR § 46 , etc. Diarmuit, Thes. ii 241 (Ardm.). do Diarmait , 287 (inscr.) Latinized Diarmitius , AU 813 . Diormitius , Thes. ii 275 , 278 (Adam. V. Col.). ib. p. xxii ( Sg. 223a ). Diarmaid, commoner in BB and Lec. Diarmoit, LL 395b33 . BB 57a15 . Diermait, AU 847 . Diairmit (: imairic), SG 399.8 . gen. filius Diarmato , AU 572 . ZCP iii 204 = LU 9590 . Diarmata, AU 557 . Thes. ii 295 (SP v). LL 12a39 . Rawl. 92e20 . Diarmada , Hy Fiach. 100 (usual later form). Diarmoda, AU 723 . Diarmuda, LL 395b26 . Diarmaida, BB 98f3 . Diarmeda, BB 219g49 .

(b) Dermait (not orig. form, see Lang. of Ann. Ulster 71 - 72 , but fairly common in O. and Mid. Ir.): AU 777. 952 . Rawl. 156a13 . Trip. 72 . Thes. ii 305 ( Hy. i 5 Comm. ). Latinized Dermitius , Thes. ii 273 , 274 (Adam. V. Col.). gen. Dermato, AU 703 . Dermata, AU 869 . LL 133a20 . Rawl. 156a6 . Dermada, Lec. 248b15 .

dolud, dolaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dolud, dolaid or dil.ie/18049
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dolud, doltai, dolluid, dolaid, dolaidhib, doluidh

n (see under solad) n s. dolud, Ml. 77d11 . n pl. doltai, 75d6 . n s. and g s. dolluid, IT ii2 245.45 . dolaid, CRR § 11 , SG 196.15 . d pl. dolaidhib, Lism. L. 2982 , Goid. 111 .

(a) distress, loss, damage, havoc: in dolud asmbersom the distress that he speaks of gl. merore, Ml. 77d11 . ambat foirclidi in doltai gl. negotiis testibus, 75d6 . leirigter doltai, Bürgschaft 30 § 79 . fo bith nár bu mó a solod . . . oldás a dolod, FB § 90 . Fiachnai mac Firgnai mogad | fúair solad nítá dolad, LL 149 marg. inf. cach fēine a folad .i. solad dolad, ACL iii 226 . ni bia a soladh no a doladh damhsa o sund imach, CCath. 4599 . romicfa lá, a Dé, in doluid, ACL iii 216 § 9 . ingreim dolud dommatu ` persecution, loss, poverty ', Triads 198 . beir faná dholaid ┐ faná dhígbáil co bráth, SG 291.6 . ? fo Laighnib in laechdolaid, 368.18 . acht go dtáir dhóibh gan doladh | tionól, ML 26.12 . dine can dolad a race exempt from adversity (?), Lec. 552a33 . dínaig im dolad, LL 729 . nach me fein is cintach re dolaidh da ndentai a bhos no thuas, Ulster Jn. of Archaeol. v 272 (O'Neill letters). tar éis gach dolaidh da ndernadh dhamhsa mur ata Ardmacha do losgadh . . ., ib. a dremm is déniu d.¤ `o people, quickest in havoc', Metr. Dinds. iii 348 . in cach níth ba dáel dolaid (: Findchoraid) (doilid, v.l.) `he was a beetle of havoc', 340 . is iongna liom croidhe cloiche | nach nglacann doladh trém chrích that does not feel distress, Oss. iii 250 . is doladh buan dá bheoghairm, Ó Bruad. iii 54.8 . Attrib. g s. gníomh doluidh oppressive deed (?), Gofraidh F. x § 15 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ) = doluigh taken as form of doilig, DDána 101.15 (: oruibh). In phr. téit i ndolaid is wasted, comes to naught : iondas nach rachadh mo tsaothar a ndolaidh oram 'lest my labour should be wasted (to my loss)', Carswell² 90.3147 .

(b) charge, imposition, burden: mét far ṅdolaid ┐ far murir dam, CRR § 11 . drem can dáire can dolad, Hy Fiach. 252.7 . doladh ┐ dorran ┐ dimicin, BB 426b38 . Dún Dubchomair cusna secht ndolaidhib bátar fris `the seven charges to which it was subject', Lism. L. 2982 . ona hulib dolaidib from all the charges, Goid. 111 . léic . . . a dígal foraindi . . . ┐ noaentaigset uli in doladsin they all accepted that charge, PH 2731 . an dolaigh rómhór do bhí aige air an ttír the heavy tax, ZCP ii 560.11 . fa trom an doluidh do Connachtaib iat, Celt. Rev. i 228 . ferann dolaidh uair m' anum taxed land (?), IGT Decl. ex. 247 . Cf. foirgneamh ar ferann dalaigh | aice a Athair charthannaigh (of the soul), Timth. viii 1918, 10 § 6 . gan sreith . . . gan daóirsi gan doladh do chor ar a nduthaigh, AFM v 1770.16 . daladh na dúbhroide `oppressive tribute', Ó Bruad. i 204 . ar ndíth Deiccill an dolaid D. of the tribute (?), SG 196.15 . mo roga tricha an bur tír | dam, gan doladh as d'airdrígh, Ériu iv 226.2 .

(c) hired band or troop: rofhasdó Brian dolaidh .i. Risderd Usdás, cetra fhichit gīomanach B. retained a troop, i.e. R.E. with eighty yeomen, ALC ii 370 . Clann Eogain . . . d' fhasdódh dholaid mhóir a n-aghaid Mic Diarmada , 382.5 . robhói an dolaidh sin . . . ar fedh an tíre agá milled, 18 . eirge amach sluaig ar in Ceapaigh: fasdogh dolaidh, cur asteach lóin, H 3.18, 13a . ní fuaradar an doladh, no an cuideachta sin, an díon, Leb. Gab.(i) 104 n. 1 .

dúthchas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dúthchas or dil.ie/19311

n u and o, m. (dúthaig) IGT Decl. § 38 .

(a) hereditary right, claim by descent, birthright: cid asa ngaibther flaithemnas for túathaib? . . . a feib dúthchusa, Tec. Corm. § 5 . ní d.¤ fa deara dháibh | ríoghacht Gréige do ghabháil . . . dhóibh nír bh'athardha an oighriocht, 3 C 13, 781.5 . ni tre cheart duchais rogobsad acht ar eicin, Lec. 169a20 . gor trēig C.C. righacht Erind . . . fa dual dō ō duthcas ┐ o folaidhecht hi, BCC § 74 . nach raibhe ceart ná d.¤ aige ar bheith innte (i.e. a territory), Keat. iii 5103 . cúigeadh Laighean do léigeadh do Dhiarmaid, amhail fá d.¤ dó, 5115 . senchuidhe ó oific ┐ ó dh.¤ hereditary shanachie, Mac Aingil 543 . engnamh Ulad . . . tré dúthchus a dheghmathar . . . a Conall C. inherited the valour of the Ulstermen through his mother, MR 312 . ar duthchus a mathar dodhechaidh sidhe re hēiccsi (of Fland mac Lonáin), ZCP viii 110 . na somharbhthachta atá san gcolainn do dhúthchus ón talmhain by virtue of its descent (origin) from the earth, TSh. 187 .

(b) claim, privilege, custom due to heredity or established by tradition: gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin, ML 102 . nach biaidh d.¤ nó daor-chíos ar mo fhine ó chineadh oile, 118 . na rechta ┐ na roduchusa rofágadar bar n-aithreacha agaib, MR 150 . ag leanmhain dlighidh na dúthchasa `according to the laws of the country' (acc. to traditional custom?), Keat. iii 2769 . do réir dúthchais is reachta hereditary custom and law, O'Rah. xxxii 58 . tabhraidh na mionna duthchais atá againn annso the traditional oaths, Maguires of F. § 80 .

(c) In concrete sense inheritance, patrimony, territory: a nduthchus ní géba a clann his children shall not obtain their inheritance, Fen. 80 . a roga tuaithi dia duchus (privilege of any chief of line of Dubda m. Condmaig), Lec. 165c35 . nir tréigius . . . mo tir no mo ducus, Cog. 172 . ic teasargain a tuath, ic dírgad a duthchusa, MR 100 . iar ndith a duthchais after the loss of his patrimony, Hy Fiach. 62 . gur easguin Garalt Caomhan co n-a shíol .i. gan ríogha for a ndudhchas go bráth, 140 .

(d) native place or land: Cuil Cernoga . . . nemdona an drong dan duchass, Lec. 171b17 . roinnis dó a duthchus ┐ a cenél, Moling § 26 . ba he (sc. Caisel) a m[b]unadus ┐ a senducus badein, Cog. 70 . dochuaid Abratham ass[a] d.¤ , SG 48 . intan n[on-]índarbtar sinn asin Roim ┐ asar ndúchus féin, CCath. 607 . scrisfuither asa ndutchus ┐ asa n-athardha fen iad, BCC § 127 . Hence in Bedell nativity, birth: go tír ar ndúthchuis, Jeremiah xlvi 16 . is do thír Chanaan do bhreith ┐ do dhuthchus, Ezekiel xvi 3 .

(e) connexion, affinity, or attachment due to descent or long standing (oft. folld. by RE = FRI): doluid C. do rochtain cloindi Cein risin mbrathairse ┐ risin duchus do bi do riu, Lec. 125a1 . no dh.¤ riu recfa me, Prolegomena 49 . fiú m'ollamhnacht ó'm aes gráidh, | fiú ár nd.¤ riú 's ár robháidh (a bard speaking of fellow-bards), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380 . mo dh.¤ red dhreich mhínréidh, 3 C 12, 402.15 . ní . . . ar dh.¤ re Corc Caisil | tuc toirbearta do Thorna | acht ar oirdearca a ealadhna, 3 C 13, 481.18 . lén is uilli ḟuarasa | ég mo dhuine duchusa . . . cuimhne ar dhúthchus Diarmada | mo dhuthracht an duthchus-sa, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 336 .

(f) inherited instinct or aptitude, natural (as oppd. to acquired) tendency or bias: uasalṡenōir togaidhe . . . ar deilbh ar duthcus ` disposition ', AU 1203 (ii 240) . ba duthaich . . . — Cia duthchus ón?, Anecd. i 4 . a dh.¤ re draoidheacht his native turn for wizardry, Content. vi 121 . d.¤ re gaisge, a Aodh, | atá agaibh as bhar ngaol, xviii 32 . daer in duine da duthchus, ACL iii 238 § 9 . ar colla acht gid bailc i bus | is pairti donda a nduthchus nature, constitution (heritage?), § 6 . is diall réd duthchusaib dilsi bodesin duit-siu na hábaisi ┐ na hairrdhena sin `clinging to thy true ancestorial nature', MR 302 . níl cinnteacht 'n-a chroidhe ná cáim air, | acht d.¤ maith a shean ag fás leis, O'Rah. xviii 80 . ar ógaibh nach dubh d.¤ whose nature is not melancholy, Ó Bruad. ii 92 . léig diot . . . na bearta as dúthchus duit, PCT 817 . as beg na coisgid siad (sc. remedies) an flux doreir duchais, 23 P 10, 143rb17 . Hence in Hy Fiachr. hereditary holder of a territory, line of hereditary possessors (?): céd dúchus adearar and | ó Dún Fhíne . . . | Ó' Duiblerga the first inheritor who shall be mentioned here . . . is O'D., 218 . ná fágbam Ceara na clad | can a dúchus do dénam, | can beith co seim 'cá snaidi | d'á breith 'sa réim rigraidi without mentioning its inheritors, 186 . Note also: do dhúthchusuibh Jerusalem inhabitants , Isaiah viii 14 .

(g) Attrib. gs. hereditary, pertaining to a certain territory or people, native: a ttighearnus do ghabail da nGhaoidhelaibh duthcassa bhudhdhéin ar ndíochur a nGall esdibh, AFM iii 562 . fineadhoigh dudhchusa an Bhaic hereditary tribes, Hy Fiach. 10 . meic Gilli E. a taisich duchisa, Lec. 349d19 . fir dúchais hereditary followers, Hy Maine 86 . a bhfecmais mo tíri . . . ┐ m'atharda duthcais fein, BCC § 67 . do bi an oiret sin . . . do gradh ag C.C. ar a tír ┐ ar a athardha duthchusa, § 192 . san bhfonn ndúthchasa, TSh. 6020 . óna dtír dhúthchais, 6364 .

écaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. écaid or dil.ie/19361

v ā dies: co ro ecc do gaeibh cro na gona sin, Leb. Gab.(i) i 226 . dá epscop...ro éccsat i n-aonoidhche i nDísirt Diarmada , AFM 842 . éagaid, TSh. 9529 . éagais san tráth soin, Keat. iii 3254 . do éagadar dias eile, ii 1437 . gur eugastair ann, i 1462 . gur éagaibh Mac Con de sin, ii 4468 . cuimhnighidh gur éagsad an dream dar chnámha na taise se, TSh. 291 . ar son gach mairbh dá n-éagadh uatha, 5020 .

éccnesta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccnesta or dil.ie/19420

adj (neg. of cnesta) unseemly, unfitting, unjustifiable : cecha chuinghi cnesta ┐ ecnesta da n-iarfaigther ortsa every proper (modest) and improper request Acall. 5461 n. fan obuir ecnesta docum ar coimecnich se iad (viz. heavy toil in wintry weather) BCC § 280 . ar locht air dob eigcnesta | fa maith daennacht Diarmada , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 336 . ní héigcneasda a dubhradh...Ogigia ris an oiléan so ( = non immerito haec insula O. dicta fuit) Keat. i 44.12 . ionann Brighid is breo-ṡaighead...agus ní héigcneasta sin do ghairm dhi do bhrígh go raibhe 'na teine ar lasadh do ghrádh Dé iii 766 . áireamh éigcneasda bliadhan an undue number i 82 x . is éigcneasda do Chailbhin a mheas nach féadfadh Críosd..., Eochairsg. 66.7 . ní héigcneasta commaoin do chur ar an marbh, TSh. 4769 . ó ainmhianaibh éigcneasta = illicitis voluptatibus 8284 . dod ghlór éigcneasda ` ungentle ' Content. xxiv 26 . neithe éigcneasta froward things Proverbs ii 12 .

2 escomna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 escomna or dil.ie/20466

n excommunicating: co roibi [Ruadán] bliadain lan oc escomna Diarmada hi Temraig, YBL 136a25 = LB 260b26 . Cf. escoimne.

gamnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gamnach or dil.ie/25345
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f. (gamuin, EIF 60 ) a `stripper,' a cow with a year-old calf : gamnach .i. gamsinech .i. arinnī is mblicht i mmī gaim, Corm. Y 687 . cid oen gamnach nobeith ison taig nocho lemtha a bleghon, Cog. 50.1 . bid g.¤ a mathair fair `its mother is a stripper in its place,' Laws ii 126.26 Comm. an ghamhnach nó in bhó inlaogha, AFM vi 2078.25 . g s. gamain gamnaige `a stripper's calf,' Triads 234 . lacht cael-gamnaighi, BB 233b8 . In n. l. a nGarrdha na Gamnaighe, RC xviii 171.29 (Tig.). pl. tri fichit gamnach, IT i 99.18 . sesca gamnach dia bīathad, ScM. 22.3 . blicht a ngamnachaib (a sign of evil times to come), ZCP ix 170.9 . iar ndīsca inar ngamnachaib, Hib. Min. 66.15 . Fig. of a very productive river: conid hi Slicech gamnach uisci nErend, ar gaibther íasc, indi hi cach ráthi, Trip. 142.6 . Of a tree: gamhnach dharach duilleadhach ar siubhal go gnáth `the leafy stirk of an oak swaying ever more' (Suibne disparages it after praising the oak itself= an oak sapling ?), BS 66.19 ( BS² 1014 ). See also Éigse ix 75-76 . In men's nicknames: Maolbrighde na gamnaidhe, CS 172.12 . g p. mac Diarmada na ngamhnach ui Ruairc, AFM iv 922.2 .

1 id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 id or dil.ie/27166

Forms: idh, id, id, id, edha, eda, idi, hidi, ige, hidhe, idai, n-idi, idhe, hidhe, idheadh, n-egh, n-edh, id, idh

n i, m. , later f. (see Bidrag 45.10 ) n s. in idh , O'Curry 518 (< H 3.18, p. 261a ). id iarnaidi, TBC-LL¹ 1229. int id , TBC-I¹ 262. ind id , 259 . g s. edha, Laws v 188 n. 3 . inn eda , TBC-LL¹ 565. ind idi (St. na hidi ), TBC-LL¹ 580. ige, KMMisc. 168 § 8. na hidhe , Keat. ii 3660. n p. ? na idai , ZCP viii 103.y . a n-idi , TBC-LL¹ 3825. idhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1295. a p. na hidhe , RC xix 272 § 195. g p. idheadh, DDána 106 § 36. go n-ilmhét n-egh , Rel. Celt. ii 232.11 . na n-edh , 226.3 . n du. in da id , Laws v 484.18 Comm. See idh, IGT Decl. § 14.8 .

(a) a hoop-shaped object, a withe (bound around some object): tópacht ... cétbunni darach ... ┐ doringni i.¤ de ... ┐ tuc in n-i.¤ im chael in chorthe, TBC-LL¹ 563 - 5 . cid frisifarcbad int i.¤ , TBC-I¹ 262. in n-ogum bōi isinn ith, 252 . gabsat oc fegad ind idi barbarda, TBC-LL¹ 580. in da i.¤ ┐ in leithri `the two withes,' Laws v 484.18 Comm. (gl.: bir-crand treige n-urcomail, 482.28 ). Of the withe put round an anvil when distraining on a smith: darin n-i.¤ im indeoin, O'Curry 518 (< H 3.18, p. 261a ), cf. gat im indeoin, Laws ii 118.22 Comm. idh lúptha um cengal céchta, IGT Decl. ex. 959.

(b) a fetter, a chain, a spancel: an idh im cois in crochaire, Laws v 188.23 Comm. um dunta edha im cois in cimeda, ib. n. 3 . risin i.¤ luim, risin slabrad, i 106.20 Comm. firend .i. id bis im c[h]olpa niad, Corm. Y 586. i.¤ iarnaidi na thimchiull ┐ i.¤ niachais éside, TBC-LL¹ 1229. slabrad imo braigid ┐ i.¤ tre na slabraidi tria coirthi toll, BB 134b41 . i slabhradh nó i n-idh iaruinn, TD 9 § 24. gan bheith san idh ní háil liom `my wish is to be in bonds,' Dán Dé ix 2. idh geimhle cháigh do choimhdhe `the chain of the world's salvation,' Aithd. D. 64 § 32. idh cháol chimidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1330. na hidhe iaruinn dobhí asan droichid `the chains of iron,' RC xix 272 § 195. idh do cheir fa eitibh eóin, Rel. Celt. ii 228.32 . Of horses: ro maidset a n-idi ┐ a n-erchomail (here id by itself seems=id fata, see below), TBC-LL¹ 3825. ? i.¤ ara ḟastas cech ech | a ellma as dech do cech rath, Ériu ix 47 § 18. ? cuma leis [in] eich na idai immbi [┐ in] c[h]onair forsa tēit (? sic leg.), ZCP viii 103.y .

id erchomail a spancel, a shackle between the forefeet: atnaig F. id n-erchomail tria a di pherid, LU 5697. asso ... i[n]d i.¤ n-irchomail duit i nduais t'airchetail, Anecd. i 8.14 . idh urchumail gl. trica, Ir. Gl. 279. i.¤ ercomail. quia eq[u]us in eo it .i. imthét, O'Mulc. 702. buiseom oc snim irchomail fo Grip .i. gabar Diarmada. Beir lat indn idh sea, Anecd. i 8.13 .

id fata the long spancel (i.e. hindfoot to forefoot) (Plummer MS. notes): i.¤ [ḟ]ata (sic leg.) (v.l. idh fata) aurslaicthi a ech, TBC-LL¹ 2539.

(c) a collar: a n-aimsir Ḟearadhaigh robói an idh Mhorainn, Cóir Anm. § 107. cosmhail barr a ghlaice gile | ré tarr slaite ige úaid `the thick part of the hoop of a torque (?),' KMMisc. 168 § 8. ar dhealgain a ghúalann gile | deargaidh búabhall idhe (v.l. ighe) óir a golden trumpet-shaped torque, IGT Decl. ex. 306. an iodh Morainn; agus do ba do bhuadhaibh na hidhe-se cibé do chuirfeadh fá na bhrághaid í ..., Keat. ii 3659 - 60 . ? To this: focheirded i.¤ n-óir immi, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.22 .

(d) a ring: do lámh gan idh órdaighthe | is céad fáinne fád bhráighid, Dánta Gr. 13.15 . iodh óir ... an tan do bhiadh a mhac chomh arrachta is go líonfadh a mhéar an iodh, Keat. ii 3382.

ringlet, curl: ciabh ... go n-ilmhét n-egh, Rel. Celt. ii 232.11 . folt i n-a óir-idhibh air, DDána 67 § 27. ar gach n-iodh d'idhibh a chúil, Studies 1941, 125 § 36 .

? To this: idh .i. foilghi no cumdach, Ériu xiii 80 § 277.

indrem, indram

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indrem, indram or dil.ie/28529
Last Revised: 2019

vn. of *ind-rími. [Orig. ā, f. (cf. tinnrem)]. Later m. IGT Decl. § 28.

I

(a) performance, attainment ? : ro bui écutrumus mór ... iter ord a flaithiusa ┐ indram a n-aicenta ┐ a n-aíssi achievement (?) (of Caesar and Pompey), CCath. 326. Gaileoin d'ionram a ngaile (glossed : ag friothailem goile ┐ gaisccidh), Leb. Gab.(i) 124.10 . do-nídh innradha oidhche | innramha rígh rofhoirbhthe, IGT Decl. ex. 868.

(b) act of directing ; guidance, direction, course: decair innremh na hóige, Ériu viii 86.122 . cat in stiurad nó in tinrum (ca hindrum, gá hindramh, v.ll.) doberisi ..., a Chormaic ... ar Goll ar Ḟiannaib Eirenn anossa ?, Acall. 5279. cuid dod thréd gan innremh orra, Studies 1922, 585 § 5 . d'iomad sgéal n-iongnadh orra | do-ghéan mh'ionnramh eatorra, DDána 23 § 13. triall dar n-ionnramh i n-aimsir na fíorghoimhe, Aithd. D. 55 § 8. turus na slat súairc an t-innreamh | fa cúairt mac is inghen é, IGT Decl. ex. 870. tug a éag i gcōmhnaidhe | mhé gan ionnramh chóig gcéadfadh, Measgra D. 62.28 . cos Éamuinn le hionnramh n-each, Hackett liv 13.

(c) beginning, origin: innriomh .i. tinnsgeadal, O'Cl. is andsin tainic ar menmain do Stait ... bunadhindruim na Tiabanta indus rocinset o Caithim, TTebe 9 .

II

(a) act of serving, service: ar do ríge ..: ar th'innram `by the service to which thou art entitled,' MacCongl. 55.18 . iar n-indrum (indradh, indrom, innrim, v.ll.) tige Temrach `after serving the house of T.', Metr. Dinds. i 26.180 . na dáoine dar dhúal ar n-ionramh, Studies 1919, 72 § 1 . do-chím sibh gan fhear dot ionnramh (to a monastery), DDána 122 § 2. Goill is mac Meic Diarmada | —mór d'éintír ionnramh a n-olc, 92 § 10. déun ionnramh aireach `keep watchful service,' KMMisc. 248.17 .

(b) treatment ; condition, state ; fate: is amlaid ro aisneid ┐ is amlaid ro taispenad inn innram sin, CCath. p. 82 n. 5 . mairg thrá nach tiobhradh dá aoidh | ionramh na mná is a macaoimh, DDána 37 § 12. mar tharla a díol d'ionnramh air, Aithd. D. 25 § 22. ionnramh mh'anman eagail liom `I fear for the fate of my soul,' Dán Dé xxx 3.

(c) flux, discharge ? : an lucht ar a mbid innrum coilerda, ni dlegar a cur a fothragadh, RC xlix 47.15 . da ti sgethrach no inrum no fuil srona no allus a cenn causoin, co leigestar an causon uadha, 53.4 . da raib innrum arin lenam, tabuir biadha fastoigtecha da buime, Irish Texts v 50.7 .

? ité indrema a cendaile fil fri Crossa Brenaind `those are the tokens (?) of their head-spoils,' Ériu vi 149.66 .

samthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. samthach or dil.ie/36166

Forms: samhthach, sámhthach

n ā, f. samhthach, sámhthach f., IGT Decl. § 12 (62.7) .

(a) axe-handle : docer in biail dia samthig issa mmuir ┐ focaird E. a samthig inna diad ┐ doluid in biail arithissi ar chenn in[na] samthige co mboi impe, Tur. 131 . a sliasat mar shámthaig (sic leg.), Corm. 36.36 . bíail ina láim . . . buí feidm cuinge sesrige ina samthaig, LU 9192 ( FB 91 ). ead . . . [samtaighe] a tuaigi, Laws iii 178.21 Comm .

(b) axe : lorgg shamthaige the handle of an axe, Críth G. 532 . is imda s.¤ fhada | ig sluag dabcach Díarmada , MacCarthy 122.14 . glés do chloídmib . . . ┐ do shámachaib, LB 155a14 . le sámhthachuibh seinnfidhe | ar ádhbannuibh iorghuile, IGT Decl. ex. 455 . ro ghealsat na tuatha na samhthacha uile . . . fear samhthaighe gile `all the handles of their battle-axes', AFM iii 262.17 . ba don gherrshamhtaigh ler marbh-som Aodh . . . do marbhadh é budhdein `with the same short axe', 500.2 . Brian oge na samhthach, Iar Conn. 362 (geneal. table).

(c) of other weapons: sithfulang a samhthach `lances', AFM v 1646.7 . glaede . . . co mbalclan di doit miledh a n-imthachmang a shamhtaigi, Stair Erc. 1247 . gur sgeinn an fiugh de'n tsaghfach staff, ITS i 26.z .

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