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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

abratchor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. abratchor or dil.ie/86

 

n o, [m.] (abra + cor) eyelash: find huile itir folt ┐ abrotchor ┐ ulchai, TBC-I¹ 3294 = abratchur, LL 11953 ( TBC-LL¹ 5349 ). imdenam súla saire / abratchair duba daile, LU 3821 ( SCC § 37 ). With metathesis: abrochtur ┐ malu, Auraic. 1813 ( abrachtur, 3257 ; abratchor, 4999 ).

adúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adúath or dil.ie/596

 

Forms: adḟúath, aduatha, aduaith, adhuatha

n m. (ad + 1 úath) Also spelt adḟúath. in t-a.¤ , CCath. 769 . g s. aduatha, LB 152b57 . CCath. 4933 . aduaith, 4091 . n p. adhuatha, SR 8158 .

Great dread, horror: adhuatha adbail, SR 8158 . robai tra a.¤ mor ┐ duba . . . sechnon na catrach, Aen. 543 . a.¤ do airscelaib, LL 371c49 = athuath dia n-erscelaib, Hib. Min. 41.29 . bídgais in loech . . . la ha.¤ in gotha truaig, LB 157a57 . ba mór tra adhuath ┐ imeacclu an taidhg sin for gallaibh the foreigners were greatly afraid of that T., AFM iii 328.12 . for nár lásatt sidhe . . . a n-adhuath ┐ a n-ūrgrain . . ., vi 2280.7 . ro gab a.¤ mor in faith, CCath. 965 . bo lor d'adhúath ┐ d'urgrain . . . dona slóghaibh a n-eistecht, 4346 . d'fhághail bháis d'adhuath, AFM v 1584.4 . adhuath errad warrior's fierceness, Stair Erc. 1347 . ar son iomuid héigceart ┐ a nadhfhúatha mhóir, Hosea ix 7 . In phrase is a.¤ la is greatly afraid (of): is a.¤ lium re indisin, LB 157a5 . ba hadhúath mór leis in fís, CCath. 1469 . gomba hadhuath la cach, AFM i 296.2 . ba ha.¤ le cach comrad fris, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 .

Hence in concrete sense monster: ind adhfhuath angide . . . ┐ in torathar, Stair Erc. 1232 .

1 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ail or dil.ie/954
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oil, oili

n i and k, f. (See GOI § 320 and ZCP xvi p. 183 ). oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) boulder, rock: cid armbad spiritalis ind a.¤ . . . isi ede ind a.¤ rúnde, Wb. 11a19 . asind a.¤ `out of the rock', Ml. 93b9 . in lind . . ./ do ḟuc doib asind ailig (: maig), SR 4068 . dind a.¤ tuargabad asin tiprait, Trip.² 1067 . co mmemaid a chenn frisin n-ailich, 1507 . cobsaide ailech `firmness of rock', Thes. ii 356.4 . a.¤ (.i. cloch) trom, LU 9949 . petra lasin Laitneoir, a.¤ lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1087 . dobertha ailge arda foa doitib, RC xii 434 § 37 . mo shuidiugad amal cech nailig ele isin múr clochisea, LB 157b8 . bás Mongāin . . . don a.¤ doteilcc Artūir air, ZCP vi 269 § 7 . enghuba esa ra ha.¤ , SG 366.25 . do bhí an oil ar muin Mhuire / far loigh tuir na trócaire (of the stone at the mouth of Christ's tomb), DDána 20.42 . atā foillicht a choss issin ailigh, Fl. Earls 208.22 . a.¤ .i. cloch, O'Cl. a.¤ áobhta .i. ail aithbhe .i. cloch frith ar tráigh, ib. With defining gen.: a.¤ chloiche large stone: ro bai a.¤ chloche ar a cind, IT i 82.2 . trascraid . . . oilche cloch forru, Aen. 2209 . darsin oilig cloiche, LB 126b23 . a.¤ adartha see 1 adrad. Fig. a a.¤ na sonairte (in a litany to the Trinity), Hib. Min. 43.12 . uathmar a.¤ (of God), SR 4773 . Of persons: ind a.¤ bratha . . . in t-occlaech ard allata, CCath. 2917 . in a.¤ mbratha nach fuilget nerta trenmiled, BB 419b16 . a.¤ cothaighthe gacha comlainn, AFM v 1340.17 . a.¤ ollaman a firmly established teacher, ZCP iv 237.27 . a.¤ firindi, Anecd. ii 8.24 ( Airne F. 272 ). ? Moisi mo cech n-a.¤ / i toisigecht in popail, SR 4451 . Aron ba amru cech n-a.¤ , 4513 .

In n.loc.: Colmán Alo, Thes. ii 269.41 (Ardm.) aduersum Coirthech regem Aloo C. king of Ail (Clúade), 271.33 . See also Hog. Onom.

Compd. ¤-bla stone boundary-mark, Laws iv 142.16 .

(b) grave-stone (cf. 3 oil): cu fil a ailcha imbi, Fianaig. 38.12 . cid glic fri ailchi uara `though he be cunning at carving cold stones', Fél. 188.9 . oil adhmaid a stone of remembrance, Ériu x 80 § 42 . beim fri ailchi aicetail .i. co mbi aicetul anma in fir nod cren accomul noguim .i. ogum na creca do beth illic firt, O'Curry 484 ( H 3.18, 251 ). iomdha oil úir san eing-se, DDána 92.2 . ail leachta grave-stone , Laws iv 142.17 Comm.

(c) monument, memorial(?) (cf. ailad?): forácaib ailgi ┐ airisni da márgnímaib, LL 221a33 ( TTr. 299 ). rolín in domun uili d'algib a nirt ┐ a níachais, 222a46 (ib. 380). d'ailgib ┐ d'air[is]nib a nirt, 225b45 (635). ailche ┐ airise a gnim, BB 414b45 . dia ailgib ┐ día gaiscedhaib, TTr.² 1501 .

(d) foundation, basis (of law, etc.): ar it é trénailig (trenailche, trenailce, MSS) in sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betho, QML xiii 4 § 1 . is and do-n-icfad na duba digeanna cen a.¤ cen fasach `without foundation without precedent', Laws v 480.20 . co nailchib roscud ┐ fasach ┐ testemuin, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). breth cen ailig, Triads 244 .i. gan hailche 'na timchioll, .i. rosg ┐ fasach, p. 43 . Sencha . . . ni conberedh breth ngua gin teora ailche astudha cacha bretha, Laws i 24.23 . sruth do aill . . . do foxla ailche . . . imtha samlaidh in fer samailter fris; baidhidh droch leighniudha fortabhraidsi co nailchib testemna ┐ cedfaidhi, iv 356.12 . ni íadat iubaili for étechti a.¤ , LU 3473 `prescriptive periods should not close upon a foundation of illegality', SCC p. 34 . is ae fo a.¤ .i. iubaile tsaorratha inso, Laws ii 198.2 Comm. ?laighidh a.¤ for naesaib, iii 220.21, 24 , 226.21 . a.¤ .i. dliged no briathra, O'Dav. 631 . a.¤ .i. dliged (B. na f.), ZCP v 486 § 6 . a.¤ (also ailech) anscui(ch) the lit. immoveable rock i.e. unshakeable testimony: for-toing a.¤ anscuichthe lais (.i. for-toing airdi no aimseir . . . no laid no litteir . . . it hē mairb in sin fortongat for biu, nī fortongar cenaib) an immoveable rock testifies along with him (i.e. a sign or time . . . or a lay or letter . . ., those are the dead that testify against the living, without them there is no over-ruling testimony) ZCP xv 361 § 46 (xvi 228) . feitheam for-toing fir fri hailche andscuithe, O'Curry 1890 ( 23 P 3, 22 ). it he a secht in sin con-osnat cach n-imt[h]aithbech: fiadnaisi inraici, ailig anscui[ch]thi . . ., Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . tri filidecht techtai, tri ailge anscuichthi, tri airmitin sen, ZCP xii 363.35 . ni ruc C. breth riam cen teora ailig ancsui[ch]thi breth occa .i. ailig aicnid gaisi etc., CF 73.4 ( SG 89.30 ). ?do fuair . . . a liomhdha (= líomhadh?) an algaibh `in the noble arts', Oss. v 146.5 . See also under 1 all

Cf. 1 ailech.

1 ainféth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ainféth or dil.ie/1330

 

n (cf. 3 féth and Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 ) unrest, turmoil, tumult: óicc fene cona n-ilchaib ┐ cona n-anfeth, Trip.² 936 . troithait ainbthine di dagbesaib .i. . . . a trentimurgun da nanfech i.e. good laws keep them from anarchy, Laws iii 24.22 Comm. ni ba hadhas . . . an anbfeich (anfhéth v.l.) mor sin do chloistin, Anecd. ii 51 § 13 . an t-anféth ┐ in míchostadh, TTr.² 1901 . arna tormanta in sluagh mór ut do anfeth ┐ micostad istir, BB 414a49 . bator iarom ind fir do miḟostad ┐ anfeith lasodain, IT i 266.z (FB Eg.) immusnaerfat anflathi la anfeth cach duba[i] `usurpers will satirise one another with storm of every darkness', RC xxvi 40 § 210 . nach suidhiu mar mannartha anfeth .i. . . . co ro comsgailed iat tre anfeith, O'Dav. 1255 .

airdub

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdub or dil.ie/1878

 

adj (dub) very dark, obscure: combat aurdubai a n-dana, RC xxvi 42 n. 3 (= duba , text).

ar-fogni

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-fogni or dil.ie/4116

 

Forms: aurgnai-, airgni-, airgnaid, airḟognaid, airḟognamaid, aurgnam

v (* air-fo-gní-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 543 ). Prot. stem aurgnai-, airgni-, etc. Later also as simple vb. airgnaid, airḟognaid, airḟognamaid.

(a) is serviceable to, ministers to, serves (folld. by direct obj. or by prep.DO): ar-fogni teach do muigh a house serves the land(?), Laws ii 404.7 Comm. = a.¤ techt do muig, 350.14 Comm. dia facba duine arafogna dia eiss `if he leaves any person behind him who was in want of his service', Laws v 318.18 . treb ocna bí usce arda-fogna `a stead which has no water to serve it', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 ( Laws iv 214 ). cach manach arda fogna mamaib gaire, O'D. 1018 (H 2.15, 18b) `ministers to, is subject to the duties', Plummer MS notes. na huili dano arufognot det muntir-si atat les ule all the arts which help thy people, RC xii 78 § 68 . im ocht mbullu ara fognat muillond, Laws i 124.17 . atait secht ngabala ara-fognad brethemnacht an betha `seven branches (of law) which serve the judicature of the world' (i.e. a person practised in them is competent to be a judge), Laws v 364.1 . segar slicht othrusa urgnaiter let it be sought out . . . let it be provided(?), iii 470.17 . techta fine noige . . . .i. tire aurfognumes ┐ nip fuillem . . . mad orpu assaid .i. mad ḟocraicc no fuillem a thiri ┐ ni fes arfognaither, O'Curry 834 (H 3.18, 381b). arfogēna cach lín a muntire, RC xxvi 44 § 229 `everyone will be in slavery with all his people', Plummer MS notes. friscommart dam talam dia n-airgenus the land which I served has injured me, ZCP xii 365.20 .

(b) prepares food, a meal: scurit and ┐ arfognat doib, LU 4661 ( TBC-I¹ 199 ). issed arfurad ┐ arfognad C. iascach ┐ enach, TBC-LL¹ 1954 . aurgnaid biad donaib ócaib prepare food for the warriors, TBFr. 93 = urgnaiger, p. 17 . érgnad cách úaib a bíad let each of you prepare his food, LU 4819 (TBC). ní mád airgénus fleid would that I had not prepared a feast, 5021 (ib.) ní airgénsat bíada dóib, 4780 (ib.) in cauradmír . . . amal ro aurgnad as it has been prepared, 8188 ( FB 13 ). ro urgnastar fleid do C., TBC-LL¹ 959 . airgníad a muintera biadh dóibh, BB 259b32 .

Note also: duba ind ḟuilse ol in liaig. dochōtar triat chridi . . . Nī argenus annīcc I cannot undertake to heal them, TBC-I¹ 2812 .

Vn. aurgnam.

Cf. for-gní.

baircne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baircne or dil.ie/5221
Last Revised: 2013

 

n pet cat (?): im b.¤ cat ban, im oircne rigna, Laws i 150.11 (cat ban a gloss on b.¤ ?) `a basket for women´s cats´ (see 1 bárc) EIF 122 n. 142 ; .i. im baircnia, nia tren, tucadh a bairc Bresail Bric i mbit cait bronfinna duba , 152.32 Comm. bairccni .i. ainm cait insin bis for cerchaill oc mnaib caidche, O'Curry 794 (H. 3.18, 370a). b.¤ .i. cat; is eisidhe cat bán .i. bairc-níadh a hairc mic Laimiach tuca[d] ar tus. Nó baircnia trén tucad a bairc Breasail Bric, O'Dav. 242. barcne .i. cat bān, fo bith is i mbāirc dusfucad, Corm. Y 115. b.¤ .i. catt boineand, Thr. Ir. Gl. 6.

brén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brén or dil.ie/6717

 

adj o, ā stinking, fetid, putrid, rotten, foul: b.¤ gl. fetidus, Ir. Gl. 683. lasair bren = fetidus, Aisl. Tond. 109 § 4. coin brena stinking . . . dogs, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). immut . . . ghāeth mbrēn, Ériu ii 136 § 120. mill duba ingnacha bréna, PH 375. corp . . . ┐ é 'na ablach bhréan mhurguighthe, TSh. 5225. an tan . . . bhíos anál bhréan ag an othar, 1728 . d'fhiadhuil bhréin an chreidimh cholaigh foul weeds, Keat. Poems 1271.

Equat. brenither fial-tech in lassar-sin, PH 2106.

Compds. With nouns. tromthinfed a mbrénanál, Alex. 726. mana lesanmanna eile na ferfadar .i. . . . brenanailighi is cumal smacht a raiti fri neach of the property of having stinking breath, O'Curry 1140 (H. 3.18, 454b). an bhrénanáluighe, C IV 2, 28vb12 . do bhréanbhruscar námhad Sax vile rabble, Hackett xv 36 . go rabhadhas im bhréunchubhar, go bhfuilim, etc. (= in iniquitatibus conceptus sum, Psalms l 7 ), Parrth. Anma 6379. fuirseoir no brécaire no brenchuthi gl. parasito, Lib. Hymn. i 69.25 , ii 157.25 . indomain (.i. breneolus) .i. as inndeimin ina eolus é geadha morda a mbrithraib unsound knowledge, O'Curry 444 (H. 3.18, 238b). cethra focherdat (sic leg.) a mbrénḟinda `stinking hair', Triads 105 . Mag mBrénguir plain of stinking pus, BDD 164. brenlocha . . . iffernaide, RC iv 252.21 . beacaireacht . . . buide brenulcha buíc, IT iii 103 § 199. With adj. derived from noun: in ben brénanalach, Laws i 140.32 Comm.

brúmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brúmar or dil.ie/7157

 

adj [o, ā] (3 brú): cenand b.¤ co mbrúaib duba dorchaide (ech) heavy-browed , LL 13909.

1 cíar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cíar or dil.ie/9011
Last Revised: 2013

 

I As adj. o, ā dark, murky, black : `ciar' dub. Metr. Gl. 28 . c.¤ .i. dubh, O'Cl. aicme huatha .i. huath . . . cron, quiar, Auraic. 5699 . Of animals, birds etc.: don chath fri íalla cīara (: pīana), Thes. ii 348.6 (Hy. v) glossed .i. duba. sesca corrmolt ciar, Leb. Cert.² 344 . fíach c.¤ , RC xiii 78.5 . each ciar, ZCP viii 220.20 . fer crotha ceir otter , Anecd. i 73 § 209 . ugh circi ceiri, MR 110.5 . Of a wood shady, gloomy: a eidhinn . . . / at gnáth a ccoill cheir (: reil), BS 66.4 . din chaill chéir, LL 356 marg. sup. Of person's general appearance: Caïn c.¤ , SR 2717 . Cu ch.¤ , RC xvii 393.9 . Of hair: in cend c.¤ robaí ar Conall, Metr. Dinds. iii 398.28 . cend carrach cnocc-remur c.¤ (of a hag), iv 140.87 .

Other applications: mo churchan c.¤ , Auraic. 5352 . se[i]nm gairuh cēir `of the dark torrent', K. and H. 25 (cf. Sages, Saints and Storytellers 266 ). arsin tángadar Túath Dé / i coepaib cíach c.¤ , Ériu iv 132.10 . eter móin cēir ┐ craíb, MU² 463 . cobair fir a culchi ch.¤ , LU 3053 . Cf. ag cur síoda . . . ar a c.¤ caile, Párl. na mB. 2607 .

II As subst. n.pr. m.: Clann C[h]ēir, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v 93 § 35 . C.¤ .i. odar a ghnuis, Cóir Anm. 283 . As ā, f. Of winds: in temen in chiar chálad, SR 62 . in chiar itir in uidir ┐ in cirdub bit, Laws i 28.2 Comm. Legal of a woman (meaning ?): in chiar connarchell .i. in chiar . . . cen urrthach cen indrucus, O'Curry 1050 ( H 3.18, 437a ) = in ciar conercell, O'D. 779 (H.3.17, col. 559).

COMPDS. With nouns. cna corcra ar na ciarchraobhaibh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 6 . [in]na hocht ṡlisne cen chiardath, Anecd. i 67 § 149 . cerd cen ciargestul `black deed', Bodl. Dinds. 18 . seacht cciarleíne fichead, CF Eg. 196 . fuaim crot ó chiarlonaibh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 .

With adjj.: dealb ciardub, Otia i 114 § 3 . brain-eóin . . . ciar-dhubha, ML 130.18 . See círdub. Subst.: itir in uidir ┐ in cirdub (of wind), Laws i 28.2 Comm. an eachlach . . . sal-fada ciarḟota, YBL 177a32 . a chneas-léine, chiar-leabhar, ML 110.28 . ciar-thuilte 'mhadraidhibh úisc (of Kincora), O'Rah. 30.6 . For further compds. as n. pr. see Corp. Gen. Cf. donahiblochtaibh rochiarchuarcrap cremsetar dam, IT iii 102.1 .

1 clas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clas or dil.ie/9383

 

Forms: clais, clas, claise, clais, claisi, clasach, claschanna, chanamhuin, clasach, clasaigh

n ā, f. (claidid). Later also clais, CCath. 2418 . See Ériu xxii 191 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with k-infl. clas g. na claise , IGT Decl. § 39 . clais g. na claisi , na clasach , § 186 . d pl. also `claschanna(?) do chanamhuin ', ibid. cf. ex. 2104 below. clasach occurs once as acc. sg. but is perhaps an error: cor' claidset clasach dermair, CCath. 2298 (clasaigh moir, clasaig moir, v.ll.) d s. clasach, g s. clasaigh occur in CS 318.20 - 22 below.

(a) ditch, trench, furrow; pit: rama fri clais, Laws iv 72.2 ; .i. coir denma na clasach, 76.8 Comm. oca tofond dia clasaib (of pigs), v 154.23 Comm. slan di [sc. don muic] in tesbach indsaighes uirre coa clais, iii 242.20 Comm. mad c.¤, tri traigthe a leithead ┐ a doimne, iv 112.3 . ceithre ime . . . clais, cora, duirime, felmad four kinds of fences, a ditch, a stone wall, an oaken fence . . . , 72.4 . m'atces ac denam claisi ina timcell . . . no dia ndenait senchaide conid la fine dorona[dh] in clais, O'Curry 423 ( H 3.18, 231a ) (`the making of a `clas' round land (without objection) was an evidence of title', Plummer MS. notes). m. Imlecha las' cētna dernta classa dúne, Corp. Gen. 362.37 . tomlactaiter .lll. lulgach . . . i n-aen clasaig, Dinds. 39 . cuithe salach súg / carcar cúl ri claiss, LL 18991 . nacham ruca Demon leis / i clais tened, 18804 . .lx. cubat i n-arddi na class ┐ lx. cubat i n-airdde in múir, 31543 . dorónta clais dermair . . . i n-imthachmung na cathrach, CCath. 1739 . linaid clasacha in longphuirt . . . do criaidh na clodh filet impo, 5179 . na clascanna do linad, Aen. 2008 . torchair a each i gclais ndomhain faoi, TFrag. 200.16 . saoradh misi ar chlais na bpian, Celtica iv 163 § 237 `Hell', Foclóir). ba sruth-aibne . . . cach clais ┐ cach clad-etrige, MR 240.16 . dochodur . . . dar in mbadun ┐ dar clasaig inn aileoin `moat', Ann. Conn. 1236.8 . is inann antrum tri Laidin ┐ umha no clais a Gaedilg, Rosa Angl. 210.7 . bith gaoth mór sa chlasaigh sin dognáth cuires an graibél trina chéle (of a gravel-pit), Maund. 44 . do rinne sé clais, ┐ do thochuil sé í `pit', Psalms vii 15 . cf. c.¤ .i. tochailt, O'Dav. 395 . fá chlais an bhráca `in the furrow beneath the harrow', O'Rah. 58.114 . ? Here: ba samalta ra sebacc da chlaiss i lló chruadgáithi, ná ra sidi répgaithi erraig i llo mártai (of a hawk's nesting-place in a cliff), TBC-LL¹ 3381 (`nach seiner Beute').

(b) cooking-pit, burning-pit : c.¤ guail gl. sturna[?], Ir. Gl. 273 . i cualchlais tened, Fing. R. 52 . daroindi T. ix clascha comleathna . . . ┐ rolinaid leis iad do chaerchaib duba , TTebe 1642 . a claschaibh chlach n-áoil nUisnigh lime-kilns, IGT Decl. ex. 2103 .

(c) grave : i mbéal gach claise, DDána 29.21 . an fhuarchlais, Ó Bruad. ii 114 xvii .

(d) By extension, that which is dug up, produce of the earth: mess ┐ claiss ┐ muirthorud, LU 10116 . madi atchaithes a mes ┐ a clais, O'D. 622 ( H 3.17, 463 -4). bói mess ┐ class ┐ ith ┐ blicht fria lind, LL 273b4 . tathbongar fúr (.i. talam) ar na cnoib .i. clais cnu ro bui istigh, O'Dav. 866 . ri is mo da tucc Dia du mes ┐ du chlais ┐ du thorad `increase', Ann. Conn. 1224.2 .

(e) Used of various (usually grooved or furrowed) parts of the body: cusna classaib dromma `with the shoulder-blades' lit. `with the trenches of the back' (gl. cum scapulis), Gild. Lor. 160 . co curend téora imsrotha im claiss a chúlaid (i.e. the hollow at the base of the poll, see O'Brien, Celtica iii 168 ), LU 6544 . fotolberrad co clais a dá chúlad, 6959 ( BDD² 529 ). a clais cúil in cinn, Reg. San. 30.8 . c.¤ ochta, Bretha 2A . clais ochta `hollow of the breast', Laws v 363 n.d . mar chlais a smeigīn na hainnfhire dimple, cleft, Gadelica i 60.197 . tri cét troiged i fat na mna xxx traiged a fat a claissi (of a sea-monster), BB 416a12 (? the female pudenda. Cf. do chimil d'a clais a chab nach sínfeadh, ZCP v 250 = Midnight court 706 v.l.). Of weals or scars on the body: doeim fossad fot rea / con(a) ceil cossar class fua `it hides the rows of scars beneath', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.22 (of a shield). mad olc leigister iad faguid clasacha granna sa corp `pits' (of smallpox), Rosa Angl. 310.4 . att bocc . . . , ┐ da nglacuir co cruaidh led mer doni clais and, 272.7 .

Groove (of a sword): cloidem . . . traig fir oa chlasach conige a ḟaopar for gach leth ann; dá traigid a lethed a nhegmuis a clasaigh, CS 318.20 , 22 . taithnem na greine . . . re clasaib comarthacha na cloidem, Ériu viii 30.x . le colg n-úaine cheithre gclaschann, IGT Decl. ex. 2104 .

Compds. With adj. claideb claslethan cruaidgér wide- grooved , LL 24897 . claidbi comardathacha claslethna, 32519 ( TTr. 1717 ). claidhmhi claislethna, CCath. 6014 . cloidhiomh . . . claslonnrach bright-grooved , CRR² 23 .

With noun derived from adj. re clas-lethi a cloidem, MR 190.y .

clesrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clesrad or dil.ie/9451

 

n o, m. (cles)

(a) feat(s), trick(s): clesradh dognith forsna cairib / . . . / focerdagh find forsna duba / ba dub iarom, Anecd. i 57 § 59 . fer in chlesraid Cu Chulaind, LL 19720 . ar chomrac Con an chleasruigh, RC x 338.z . cuiris cleasradha ána . . . anaitheanta a n-airde . . . naro foglaim ic Sgathaigh, TBC St. 3096 . dias . . . / . . . / ba géire gaisge gona / cleasraígh aigh eagnomha, Hard. ii 184.4 . fledach ┐ c.¤ ┐ ceola, Marco P. 126 . dá ghrás cleasradh an Choimdheadh / [bláth is teasbhach] an talmhan, DDána 61.2 (`from His goodness comes God's handiwork', Ir. Monthly, 1922, 472 ). ó chleasradh na con, Ir. Syll. Poetry 61 § 11 . an cleasradh nó na cluicheadha nó an caitheamh aimsire, TSh. 4160 .

(b) By extension, weapons: focherdsetar a clesrada uathaib i llamaib a n-arad, TBC-LL¹ 3567 ( LL 10543 ). ra gab cách díb ac diburgun araile dina clesradaib sin (ref. to: a n-ocht clettíni ┐ a n-ocht cuilg ṅdét, etc.), 3560 ( 10536 ) (= dona cleasaibh sin, TBC St. 2928 ). at-chí . . . na clesradha ana ilardha tuc Fer Diad ar aird, ┐ do-gebha-sa na clesa ut, TBC St. 3088 .

(c) trickery, guile : ré cleasradh dáoineadh `the sleight of men', Ephesians iv 14 . túisge thréigfidh éisg an sruth, / . . . / ná thréigfidh an bhean a huaill / is gach cleasradh buan mar chleacht, Dánfhocail 83 .

(d) As quasi-vn. sporting, playing : co mbói oc c.¤ ┐ oc espai dona slogaib (of a pet fox), Lat. Lives 85.13 (variis lusit artibus). búi in drúth . . . oc clessaib for lár in taige, RC xiii 385.1 (cleasradh, v.l.). iar n-airbertnugud n-airm, iar c.¤ cloidib, Alex. 26 .

Compd. is daoirse chlóidh don chleasradhúir `the festive land', Aithd. D. 35.5 .

1 clúsal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clúsal or dil.ie/9693

 

n (Lat. clausula).

(a) conclusion, end, termination : hualailiu chlausul adbchlostu gl. in clausula pompatica, Ml. 40d17 . `o' fil ag clusail na nuimre primo , Auraic. 3392 . `o' fil a[c] clusail na muiti, 2950 .

(b) cell : a Moel-Brigte, clúsenair, isin clusail in Magantia, MacCarthy 15.4 . cor chuirsibairsi Iósep i clusail ṅduib ṅdorcha, LB 223b38 . i clúsalaib duba doimne dorcha . . . íchtair ifirnd, PH 8245 . i clusalaib ┐ i caislibh. Lism. L. 3789 .

(c) community (?): doscail o cheile ar gclusail .i. dosgar o cheile ar gcuanlacht, H 3.18, 212.14 (B. na f.).

crap

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crap or dil.ie/12769

 

n (with voiceless -p) [ā, f. ?] (ON krappr, Bidrag 138 ) cramp, act of cramping, contracting : c.¤ .i. ani bacas an gluas[a]cht, O'Curry 964 ( H 3.18, 415 ). c.¤ .i. andi crapus aglucht, Stowe Gl. 27 . cen craip cainti `without cramping of diction', Auraic. 1929 .

Compds. am̄ crapcruaidh concob—, IT iii 41.23 (corpruaid, v.l.). co crapétnaib duba with wrinkled foreheads (of monsters), LB 154b z . C. crapgluair, (leg. corp- ?), BB 204b45 = cnap-cruaidh, Todd Nenn. 140.z . sentonn chaillighi . . . crap-gluinighi bent-kneed , RC xv 71.x . cor corr craplām, IT iii 99.12 . tar a cóelbraigtib craplethraig, LB 155a28 .

cromm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cromm or dil.ie/13103
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cromb

adj o, ā (AS crumb, Ling. Val. Ir. Ann. 127 ). Earlier cromb. bent, stooped, crooked : ba cromb (crumb, v.l.) (of stake), Trip.² 1735 . a bárca ┐ a churaig croma, Airne F. 248 . fon Chernai chruim chétaig `stooping home of hundreds', Metr. Dinds. iv 208.79 . o Muir Caisp cruim `crooked', Leb. Gab.(i) 16.19 . ata se crom ar cclaonadh (a flag), Cog. 262.8 . da ngadhraib croma ceólbinne, Fianaig. 64.8 . asa fiaclaib croma, TTebe 871 . Of person, body, head: in corp crum, ACL iii 239 § 32 . macc Endai Cruimb, Trip.² 1465 . a duni chruimm, LL 34878 ( MU² 420 ). bat crín is bat croma, ZCP viii 111.2 . siat croma ┐ a lama ar lár, Cog. 82.6 . a cind cromma, PH 583 . do shiubhail sé maille réna cheann crom = demisso capite, TSh. 8374 . As pn sobriquet: Colum Crom, LL 353a64 . Of trees, etc.: c.¤ barr cráeb, LL 12851 . crainn chroma, Ériu xvi 146.22 . crom feda déin dris `tenter-hook among woods', SG 245.30 . mar lomán gcrom, DDána 56.7 . Adv. conguimh do cheann go crom, Mac Aingil 3434 .

As subst.: aroli do dallaib, aroli do chromaib, PH 2592 . As n. pr. Crom Deroil, LL 34871 ( MU² 409 ). i n-Eathais Cruim, Gorm. Jan. 24 n. 2 . mic Cruim, Ó Bruad. iii 32.8 . As name of pagan idol: ba hé a ndía / in C. crín, Metr. Dinds. iv 18.10 . ri[g]idal Erenn .i. Crom Croich, Dinds. 85 . Cromm Crúaich, Metr. Dinds. iv 18.3 . aidhche domhnaigh Cromm Duibh (eve of last Sunday of Summer, note), AFM ii 1004.6 = i n-Aine domnaigh Cruim-Duba[i]n, AU ii 96.1 . mortalitas magna . . . .i. an Crom Conaill .i. in buidi Conaill, CS 50.5 and note. Ann. Inisf. 551 = tarla pláigh . . . dá ngairthí an Chrom Chonaill, Keat. iii 860 . ba hí an phláigh ishin .i. an Chrom Chonnaill ro bhái ag forbhaisi forra, Misc. Hag. Hib. 18.27 . co nacatar saighnen tenedh . . . ┐ tuitidh arin cCruim cCuinnill (a monster ?), 19.7 . See 1 buide, crón. ? ni bia tegh fo croma / cen buar loma lindglain, Anecd. ii 41 § 13 (perh. form of cruimme). In name of a category of poet, cromm lúatha : ocht ndáorbhaird cédamus ... crom luatha, UR 50.3 . cromm luatha .i. acoini huassin tenid, UR 51 n.

Compds. With nouns: crombeol gl. gernonum, Ir. Gl. 708 . na cléirigh na croimcinn clerics with bowed heads, Anecd. ii 40 § 6 . cromcind ataconnacsa, LL 38108 ( SG 367.13 ). daíne cromcenna, 38556 ( SG 376.31 ). Caírbri Cromchenn, Cóir Anm. 57 . a chrand cromchend (Patrick's crook), Trip.² 341 . See Ériu xiii 140 , Celtica i 347 . ced ros cna co cromchoscrad with prostrating slaughter, LL 3456 . goll mena mun cromghabhair, IT iii 89 § 115 . in tōebfodai tanaidi cromdercc squinting , ZCP ix 451.9 . ar cromluamain tria chorp, BLism. 172vb4 . a Cill Chromghlaisi of the winding stream, Cóir Anm. 49 . M. na cromluing, BCC 424.3 . curach cromluith, Anecd. i 56 § 49 . cromrosc odarda, TBC-I¹ 3233 . cromrosg .i. gormrosg .i. súile gorma no glasa, O'Cl. i n-a c[h]romruathar c[h]urad, ML² 277 . imma chromscíath ndubderg, LU 6430 (TBC). croimsgiath, no cuairsgíath .i. sgiath cham, O'Cl. biait do gabail i cromsesam, Ériu xix 62 § 23 . do chasadar na cromsróna cuasleathna, CF² 287 . Nestor .i. fer ardmór crom[ṡ]ron hook-nosed , BB 427b42 . croims(h)déad, O'Hara 3052 (see n.). a ccrom-stuagh ccrann-ramhar, CRR² 29 (84.20) . On n. loc. Cromad (áth) see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 176 - 7 .

With adjj.: mac an Chosccraigh, an Crom-bán (as subst.), BNnÉ 254 § 211 . carcair cromdaingen ` firm-vaulted ', Ériu iii 14 § 9 . crommdiriuch ind eochair, O'Mulc. 369 . teagh budh cromghlanbhuidhe cúil curving, bright and yellow, Bard. P. 20.23 . cret chréda chromglinne, LU 8671 . at shenoir chrin . . . cromliath, Acall. 3906 . salbard . . . srubard . . . cromluath (poet of a certain rank), O'Curry 239 - 40 ( H 3.18, 134 ). drisiuc ┐ cromluatha, IT iii 5.16 . cromm luatha .i. acoini huassin tenid, ACL i 160.19 . sron . . . croimremur, CCath. 4025 . With adjj. derived from nouns: in caman cromcennach cuill, ZCP vi 276.12 . go humhal croimcheandach, Parrth. Anma 4740 . corpa crom-chrothacha, Corp. Astron. 74.26 . críonarracht . . . croimshliastach, Oss. v 96.13 .

cruim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cruim or dil.ie/13220

 

Forms: crum, cnuimhe, crumai, cruimhe, cruma, crumi, crum, cruimh, crumh

n f. Later also cn-, crum. g s. cnuimhe, Oss. iii 130.5 . n p. crumai, Ml. 44c1 . a p. cruimhe, BNnÉ 300.22 . g p. cruma (: duba ), SR 890 , crumi, PH 5627 , later crum. cruimh f., IGT Decl. § 14 (69.1) . crumh f., § 39 (91.15) .

Worm, maggot : prem . . . isin chombreic is c.¤ isi[n] gāidilg, Corm. Y 211 . c.¤ már gl. corculio, Sg. 47b6 . na di ch.¤ , LU 187 . dá crúim . . . .i. c.¤ derg ┐ c.¤ gel, 186 . conad c.¤ mē = sum vermis, Corm. Y 211 . ni tainic brenta na cruimh / anaimsir a adhnacoil, Blathm. 178 . in cath crum (: dūscud) (of the body), ACL iii 239 § 27 . a chuli chrum, PH 8222 . cruma nemmarbdai, 1296 . cruimh neime, Acall. 3591 . . . . / bidh cáel . . . bidh crumhae (g p. as adj.?) a mass of worms (the body), ACL iii 216 § 5 . cáoile iona crumh (: dubh) (of a dead pig), Hermathena ci 29 § 6 (cruimh, v.l., Irish Texts i 25 ). corp dá ndéantar crumha ┐ cré, DDána 15.21 . ag biathadh cnumh, Mac Aingil 4709 .

Transfd. cruimh an choguais, TSh. 6152 .

Compds. With noun: ? tairnill comsron (leg. cromṡrón, Ed.) crumtondan `wurmhäutige t. (?)', ZCP xiii 276.13 . With adj.: cruimhgheala .i. cruimh ar ghile, O'Cl.

1 dam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dam or dil.ie/14462
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: doim, daim, daum, dum, dam, doim, daim, damaib, daumu, dumu, damu

n o,m. g s. doim, daim. d s. daum, dum, dam. n p. doim, daim. d p. damaib. a p. daumu, dumu, damu.

I An ox : dam .i. bos , Goid. 77 a . ní don daum storidiu act is dínni, Wb. 10 d 8 . is bés leosom in daim (n pl.) do thuarcuin ind arbe, ib. 10 d 6 . in daim (n p.) dodaascansat, Thes. ii 340. 4 . ech fri aige dam fri har bo fri blicht, Laws i 122. 10 . athgabail cuicthi...im damu nad be tairchesa, ib. 184. 13 . lethmiach cach cuilgaib (sic) ó dam co dartaig fri feis, ib. iv 90. 19 . rotarb suas dauṁa (sic) ┐ dam conchaid ní tiaghad a comraind, ib. iv 100. 25 . fichi bó dá tarbb sé doim, iv 310. 26 . baib blichta daim cacha mamu, v 220. 11 . fuil dam oca ngabáil, ib. 152. 3 . áin dam fri fedain techta ( imain na ndam, l. 14 ), ib. 136. 6 . imfedain i ndamaib, ib. 474. 8 . is irrechtaib bó ┐ dam ┐ ech, FB 24 ( IT i 264. 11 ). (a lám) irraibe ere fichet cuinge do damaib, ib. 91 (l. 20) . méit chore rodaim, ib. Arddān co ndam nó muicc maiss, LMU 17 (l. 7) . in mucc ┐ xl dam, ScM. 6 ; similarly 22 (l. 4) . bérthair dam ┐ tinne di immach, BDD 63 . atcondarc senada gela ┐ dumu finna. daim breca ina ndiaid ┐ daim duba iarmu, Trip. 176. 15 . laulgach no dam timchill arathair in tress sét, Corm. s.v. clithar sét (twice). fichi míli do sumadaib ┐ damaib fri himfedain cruithnechta, O'Mulc. 856 . dam ndartaide (sic) .i. colbthach ḟireann, O'Cl. hoc bostar. buaile dam, Ir. Gl. 1044 . tallsatar na daṁu robhátar isin tigh, Lat. Lives 79. 6 (cf. IT i 45. 1 ). co tardsat an éduighe for adharcuib na ndam cura impaset na daim, ib. 7 . secht ndaiṁ ┐ secht tuirc, IT i 311. 29 . nirbo chommairge doendam, CRR 4 . mo damsa is dam dond Dáire, ib. ar chend mo daim, ib. 5 . ciarsa dam co ndá mbeind óir, ib. dam i ninad cach daim, ib. 17 . cor imbir a búrach forru amal dam ndamgaire, TTr.² 1159 . fuath doim de uma PH 1239 . is iat crecaitt na damu, ib. 4637 . ere deich ṅdam, ib. 6296 . antí docheannuigh cúig cuingreacha daṁ, TSh. 209. 28 .

dam air a ploughing ox : for drumni daim inn air RC xxvi 28. 7 = dam fri har, Laws i 126. 18 .

dam comair an ox of co-ploughing, yoke-fellow; metaph. an equal, peer. Doṁnall mór hUa Domnaill... daṁ comair Cuinn Cedchathaigh ar chlódh gach cliathchai ALC i 352. 29 (synonymous with medh comtrom in l. 30 ).

dam conchaid 'a wolf-fighting ox' EIF 49 . dam dílenn a fabulous ox of antiquity. Originally a stag of flood, according to Stokes, Acall. p. 394 ; rather the ox of Dil, cf. dam dile, H 2.16 , p. 242 : dam dili treasingnadh Glinne Dalláin. asind loch cédna táinic a athair co ndechaid for boin do buaib in bhrughadh robói i fail na cilli co ndergnai in dam de; and Dinds. 44 : dá dam Dile ingine Lugmanrach. ib. 111 : dam Dile. SG ii 472. 10 : Bregh a ainm daiṁ Dhile. LL 210 a 15 : daim Díle. METAPH. of persons LL 9635 . —In `dam Dile' the `i' is short, as is proved by Metr. Dinds. iii 198. 25 ( LL 198 a 46 ): Dile: gile (Gwynn). Díle (LL) interchanging with dílenn (Rennes MS, BB), Metr. Dinds. iii 204. 53 .— geisidh daṁ dilenn dá héis, Acall. 850 . gu Cathair Dhaiṁ díleann, ib. 1250 . atát daiṁ dileann ┐ cliathbernadha cét inniú i Cnuc na Cenn, BLism. 129 b 2 . atberam dano do fremaib ┐ do bunud ┐ do craebaib ┐ do daṁaibh dilind ┐ dordaib esoirgni ┐ do ṁergeadaib &c. , BB 452 a. roforbair (in béist) cona ba luga hí oltás dam dílend, PH 7221 . roba coṁrac dá daṁ ṅdíleann in coṁrac sin, ITS v 64. 4 .

dam riattae a trained ox, broken to the plough: screpall ar miaslach luluigh ┐ daiṁ riata, Laws ii 200. 3 . bud daim ríata láig ár mbó, SG 396. 38 .

LOC. Dam drend, TBC-LL¹ 4802 . co Dam ṅderg, ib. 4806 . Dam-inis, Inis na nDam, Onom.

COMPDS. óc-dam: hoc jumentum ógdhaṁ, Ir. Gl. 758 . Hib. Min. 43 (metaph.). ro-dam a great ox ZCP x 369 . cu ngealut dá dartuid fri rodam ┐ cu ngelut dá dartuid sech rodam, Laws ii 74. 18 . FB 91 .

II A stag : dodúisgeadh agoinn daṁ donn, ITS vii 81. 16 . dam donn, 'fallow deer' Acall. 3521 . conaccatar ... daumu móra mǽla ina ligu, RC ix 482.8 . do bupthad na ndam, 482.10 . daṁ seng ag ithe in ḟeóir nua, ib. 18 . mór ndaṁ ndearg dothuit lea nágh, ib. 83. 7 . marbaid .vii. naighi díb imna trí damaib, Aen. 276 . dam allaid, gen. daim allto (-a) a stag. cervos gl. inna dumu alti, Ml. 48 d 9 . dá dam allaid (dual) LU 41 a 39 . asé roforchongair forin daṁ nallaidh toidheacht do threabhadh chuige est qui jussit cervum in aratro laborare Acta Sanct. 306 b n. 17 . adchi ...tri doiṁ allta romora, Aen. 273 . hoc cubile. leabaid in daim all[ta], Ir. Gl. 858 .

III METAPH. a champion, hero : ric in dam tri coecat ṅglonn, RC xx 144. 23 . am dam (.i. ar treisi) secht ṅdírend, LL 12 b 40 . a leo a ócdaim a aqil (of Christ), Hib. Min. 43. 15 . mac Feideilmid daim dásachtaich, Rawl. 152 a 33 . dongní daṁ dásachtach dím, Aen. 537 . posta...daim na céille, ITS xi 54 § 8 .

PERS. Mac in Daim, Imr. Brain 63. 20 . mac Daim Argait, LL 341. 37 . la Cairpre Dam nArgait, ib. 142 b . Dorcha ┐ Dam, Lec. 548 a 33 . 552 b 32 . LOC. Gleann Daiṁ, Gadelica ii 90. 11 .

dedgaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dedgaire or dil.ie/14997

 

n , f. Abstract of dedgair : drong togach co ndedgaire (: belgaide, leg. delgnaide and cf. SR 8153 ) : iar ndíth for trágaib duba , SR 8067 . domun dúr co ndedgaire (: delgnaide) : roscar fria bríga buana, ib. 8155 .

deiles, delas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deiles, delas or dil.ie/15181

 

n u, m. (cf. 2 dela). See O'Rahilly, SGS ii 16 . greediness; churlishness: deileas .i. doicheall, O'Cl. is é airrdhe na críne: díbe, delus is déine, ZCP vi 268 . tria duba ┐ díbi ┐ dothchernas . . . .i. im anfalti ┐ im dailus , LL 188b34 .

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