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1 abra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 abra or dil.ie/77

 

Forms: abrat, abra, abrait, abraid, abrait, abrat, abhra, fabhradha, abhra, abrachtaib

n nt, m. Later frequ. with inorganic f- (see also fabra). n s. abrat (leg. abra? Or for abrait?), Laws v 250.4 . a s. abraid, LL 208a16 . n p. abrait deirg, LU 7763 . g p. abrat, ZCP vii 299.17 . Later as vocalic stem (also with pl. forms in -dh-) g s. an abhra mhoill, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 404.9 . n p. fabhradha, Keat. ii 3636 . g p. abhra, DDána 99.30 . Note d p. abrachtaib gl. palpebris, Gild. Lor. 120 .

Orig. perh. eyelash(es) which seems to be the usual meaning in compounds, but eyelid suits a number of exx. The meanings cannot always be sharply distinguished, and the follg. classification is to some extent arbitrary.

(a) eyelash(es): palpebra .i. fabhra, Ir. Gl. 79 . ? aere mor aah bruit, IT iii 91 § 126 ( BB 293a11 ). a mailghi ┐ a abraid, 186.15 . abrait duib daín, LU 4515 . (cf. abhraid .i. fabhradha. a.¤ dhubhdhaimh .i. fabhradha amail daol, O'Cl.). iter clethchor ndub ndóelabrat, 7386 . abrait fo daildath, IT i 80.16 . an dara ha.¤ dubh, aroile fionn. TBC-LL¹ 5551 (Stowe). ma robenad a.¤ uachtair a sul do duine, Laws iii 352.11 Comm. da ḟabra dubha , Ériu iii 152 § 5 . With mong: abra dubmall nach daor mong, IGT Decl. ex. 521 . Cf. lia sgor an mhongabhraigh mhóir, DDána 106.5 . Fig. cróib dind abaill a hEmain / . . ./ gésci findarggait fora / abrait glano co mbláthaib, Imr. Brain 3 . láimh re habhradhaibh Eoraipe `hard by the fringes of Europe's shore' Ó Bruad. iii 70 x .

(b) eyelid: abrait fri nem (i.e. in prayer?), Ériu ii 64 § 4 . sruth serb saile i sūilib saigh, / aslocha fraigh n-abrat n-ūar, ZCP vii 299.17 . im fabra mil moir do chobraind, Laws i 124.7 . Cf. 250.4 . deor tromthoirsi co ti tar a.¤ ar n-aighti-ni, ACL iii 234.18 . fabra uachtarach a súl, O'Gr. Cat. 77.38 . cladmailgi . . . forbrit tar a fabradaib, MR 186.3 . eadrom is eatoil ghlana / muna n-iadhoinn m'aphradha, Studies 1920, 263.10 . In phrases corresponding to Engl. in the twinkling of an eye: feadh an abhra d'osgoladh, DDána 21a.2 . re turnamh an abhra, Ó Héodhusa 28.19 . ar feadh iadhaidh m'fhabhra even for a brief moment, DDána 32.12 .

In n.pr.: Fand . . . ingen Áeda Abrat .i. áed tene is hé tene na súla in mac imlesen, LU 3375 ( SCC 17 ).

In composition abrat-, later also abra-. ¤-chaín having fair eye-lashes: o ri Erend abradchain, BB 274a33 . Ailill abratchaen, Rawl. 83a36 . ¤-donn: an tóg abhradonn (: agam), TD 1.26 . fad ghruaidh abhradhuinn (: Conuill), 2.36 . ¤-dub: mar ráith gCuinn abhradhduibh fhinn (: charmhoguill), DDána 119.2 . ¤-gorm: ar int aithech abratgorm, Rawl. 87a45 . da óclach aigḟinna abratgorma, TBC-LL¹ 4346 . ¤-mall: crann céasda an óig abhramhoill, DDána 54.24 . ¤-rúad: C. abratruad of the red eye-lashes Rawl. 83a44 = C. Abhrad-rúadh .i. rosc rúadh co mailgibh rúadha ro thecht, nam brai mala dicitur , Cóir Anm. 190 . U. abradruad, RC xxiv 274 § 7 .

See abratchor.

áinius

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áinius or dil.ie/1424

 

Forms: áines, áines, áinis, áinesa

n u, m. (án. Form influenced by oíbnius with which it is frequently coupled, O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 287 . See also Vendr. Lex.). Later also áines o, m. áines m. (g s. and n p. áinis, áinesa), IGT Decl. § 38 . Verbs § 83 .

(a) splendour, delightfulness, pleasantness: a āinius ┐ a airrdricus, TBC-I¹ 355 . ar th'airscélaib ┐ t'ánius, BDD² 55 . ar is tu ceand anissa ┐ airdercusa ┐ grian na Greci uile, LL 398a16 . mor n-orddain ┐ ániusa, Ériu iv 28 § 18 . gur bhó hadbha do chonaibh allta cill mocheallócc iar gach náines baoí innte gó sin, AFM v 1654.2 .

(b) pleasure, enjoyment, sport, play: fecht n-āinius[a] a journey of pleasure, Corm. Y 1059 (perh. visitation, cf. SCano 293). cluchi ┐ céti ┐ ánius ┐ aibinnius, LU 3226 . ní dingén aínes festa / ro líon cuma mo chraide, SG 61.12 . cen ainíus / in caingen dorigenus, BB 303a24 (Liad. and Curithir). áines menma `cheerfulness of spirit', O'Gr. Cat. 472.25 . dá mbeith áineas Banbha ar bun were Banbha's happiness assured, Content. xxv 3 . áineasa ┐ antláis . . . na hanma, TSh. 8722 . cosg dubha, dúsgadh áinis (: fis) (of a poet), DDána 73.42 . milse meala, meisge chorm . . . do bhí dhamh 'na n-áineas orm, TD 25.18 . ruagadh áinis, áladh airgthe treón the banishing of joy (of the power of age and death), Hackett xii 27 . áines tar gomh ag mnaí mérchuirr / ag dol ar cháoi ndérthruim dhí, IGT Decl. ex. 987 . aineas gan imdheargadh n-áoin, Studies 1918, 452 § 7 . in tan ba háines do when he pleased, LB 130a 15 . ba sedh rob aines ┐ rob airecc tuile dóibh their favourite amusement was, AFM v 1864.8 . ?In specialized sense: is lasna firu-sa a naenur a mbreth ┐ ænius (áinius v.l. p. 205) ┐ eolus `these men alone have . . . their skill', IT iii 187.4 . Of the bliss of heaven: Pardus . . . co n-ainius, co n-aebinneos, SR 974 . ní inisfea nech . . . a anius ┐ a aibnius, LU 2023 . cumachta . . . in Chomded . . . mórthimchell ind rigsuide . . . co n-ánius ┐ co n-áibinnius, 2048 ( FA 12 ). Of games, sport: gebid a adbena ániusa, TBC-LL¹ 886 . turcbaidsium a oenluirg n-ániusa, 914 = a lorg áne, LU 4869 . fo bíth in chluichi ┐ ind ániusa, LL 292b16 . a haithle a n-oenaig ┐ a n-aniusa, LU 2238 ( FA § 30 ). inn aimser ainesa in time of sport, CCath. 5250 . dénat ánius eturru (of hunting with dogs), Anecd. i 9.22 . As quasi-vn.: ic ol ┐ ic ánius ┐ ic áibnius, TBC-LL¹ 189 . ag imagallamh ┐ ag āines bhriathar re aroile, Fl. Earls 78.20 . rogabsat ac ain[is] imacallma fria araile, Grail 642 . mé ag áineas tar m'eólchoire, Studies 1924, 88 § 24 . robadur ag aines ┐ ag urgairdiugudh foran iarla `joking', ZCP vi 297.10 .

Cf. 1 áine.

2 baile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 baile or dil.ie/5187

 

Forms: buile, buile, boile, bhuile

n buile m. and f., IGT Decl. § 1. buile boile f., § 3 (45.1) . vision; frenzy, madness (originally arising out of supernatural revelations): fechair būire, / buile bann `eine Raserei von Taten', Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 29 § 23. Cf. LL 395a15 . hūasal trínóit donfosca / donāch airchenn bás b.¤ , Thes. ii 351.1 (Hy. vi) .i. ar mád sinne . . . is a[irchenn] b[ás] ┐ bai[le] . . ., 24 Comm. bec do mōr molamair / . . . / tria b.¤ barrd, ACL iii 219.z . rob tu mo bhoile, / a Comdi cride `my vision', Ériu ii 89 § 1. rot gab b.¤ is búadre frenzy, TBC-LL¹ 3478. tria metar ┐ b.¤ , Fen. 290.z (= furorem spiritualem). tria b.¤ ┐ faitsine, 284.x . amail ro tingellad i llebraib ┐ i mboilidaib noem, Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . thū do gheall buile Bearcháin, O'R. Poems 568. do bhuile bhaothánta na hóige, TSh. 3849. do bhuile am aghaidh = rage, 2 Kings xix 27 . ? b.¤ for barrḟinn bile, AU i 392.12 (an. 878 ). athmhaoltus, díbhḟearg, cuthach, buile, madness, Eg. Gl. 20. `buili' go deimin drochrun, Metr. Gl. 32 § 6 (baili, v.l.). Lec. Gl. 497. Stowe Gl. 249. Cf. b.¤ bard as a laudatory term, subject or inspiration of poets: balcc-buile (sic leg.) na mbard, IT iii 57 § 108. in breo buadha, b.¤ bard, AFM i 520.11 . Cf. b.¤ bel lí cluaise, O'Dav. 1197. b.¤ .i. maith, ut est digbail dubha b.¤ bel, 224 .

Name of a class of tales: atfiasar-sa duit dona builibh (bailib, v.l.) .i. Buili in Scail, Buili Bricine, . . . Buili Mochuda, Anecd. ii 45.5 , 6 . Baili Cuinn dixit (glossing ticfat tailcind), Trip.² p. 22 n . Fís Cuind .i. B.¤ in Scáil, LL 24992.

Attrib. g s. mad, frenzied: mar mhnaoi bhuile , DDána 16.3 . dhá tharbh buile, Oss. iii 94.15 . lucht buile nó baoithchéille, Eochairsg. 121.3 .

In phr. for (fri) b.¤ mad, frenzied: conid for boile atat, PH 1851. geilt ar buile mé, Keat. Poems 241. ro bui E. . . . re buili, Stair Erc. 2516.

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

bratt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bratt or dil.ie/6598
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: brat, brut, brot, braitt

n o, m. See GOI § 80 , § 150 , § 279 . brat m. d s. brut, brot, IGT Decl. § 75. cloak, mantle , see Windisch, IT ii1 214.91 , Shaw, Ériu xvi 200 f . brat a bratio (Lat. brattea) ōn dulind libuir ar a cosmailes diblīnaib. Nō breō .i. tene ar fuit é, Corm. Y 164. brat graece brath in lamminas a tenuitate (βρατυν lamina, Etym. xvi 18.2 , ed. Lindsay), O'Mulc. 126. lend .i. . . . lō find .i. ainm do brut find, Corm. Y 837. brat .i. ba ar fuit .i. ar fuacht, O'Dav. 289. brael .i. brat, Goid. 75 § 30 (Dúil Laithne). amal immetimcheltar nech hua brot gl. sicut pallio amictus, Ml. 121a1 . trisin mbrat find gl. pallio . . . albo, Tur. 55. lenn no brat formtha gl. sagana (sic), Sg. 51b9 . triasin mbrat = clamidem, Lat. Lives 88 § 82. brat forptha `overcoat´ Études Celt. xxii 223 . i lleth a broitt = truncatus habitus, ibid. ticfa tailcend . . . / a b.¤ tollcend his (Patrick's) mantle with a hole at the top, Trip.² 340. atchiu form brat (brot, v.l.) brodrad nais `I see on my cloak the stains of age', Lament 25 . conidtuil L. for a brut `L. slept upon his cloak', Mon. Tall. 155.10 . brat cas corcra fo loí chaín a woven crimson cloak of smooth fleece, BDD² 6. asa brotsom, TBC-I¹ 503. co n-accai in mnaí bruit úani chucai, LU 3336 ( SCC 13 ). brat corcra, Cóir Anm. 55. bruitt forglassa uli impu, TBC-LL¹ 177. brat d'olainn oenchoerach, SG 80.34 . a beand imle bruít dar broind in balbduine, BB 295b25 . isin brut (brot, v.l.) caem corrtharach, TTebe 2437 . cēd brat, cēd matal mōirdhes (items of tribute), ZCP viii 116 § 2. do luigh fa a brat (: mac), DDána 26.31 . i mbrataib loma out at elbows, O'Gr. Cat. 482.13. an chloch uassal ro buī ag comdūnadh a bruit (of a Pope), Fl. Earls 172.29 . triar i mbrataibh bráthardha `in monks' habit', Aithd. D. 75.21 . With qualifying words. b.¤ co n-auib, i forcipul, i filliud, b.¤ luascach, see Shaw, loc. cit. and 3 ó, forcipol, filliud, lúascach.

In more general application covering, cover; cloth, etc. (lit. and fig.): imbet bruit ┐ bīdh food and clothing, Anecd. v 25.4 . ni biad tacha broit na biid ann co brath no scarcity of clothing or food, Goid. 104.8 (Lib. Hymn.). tarla in gaeth [i]na ndiaidh isin bhrut `sail', Lism. L. 2083. bratgal na mbrat siúil risna bennaib, LL 32230 `of the sails', TTr. 1420. co mbrut find `with . . . a white sheet' (of scaring oxen), Laws iii 270.20 Comm. ni coir fo brataib fer forinnet coemdai (of bedclothes), Laws v 132 n. 2 . roir dom . . . .x. mbrait (mbroit, mbrata, v.ll.) mbreccphupaill, Ériu ii 4.16 . bruit derga nó bruit loi .i. pill nó echdhíllat, ib. n. 71 . bruit luaidhe umpu wrappings of lead around them (of defensive spikes), CCath. 192. in brat uair nach nighter `the cloth', Laws i 176.9 Comm. brat roinnte an teampoill = the veil, Matthew xxvii 51. ailiff . . . ar ar n-a himfholach do bratoip saitīn ┐ sīoda hangings, Fl. Earls 172.24 . múir na cathrach . . . d'fholach do bhrataibh dubha , TSh. 5597. le brataibh `with flags', O'Rah. 198.z .

In pl. braitt beca: is air nohailtea iat asa mbratuibh beca `from their swaddling-clothes', Marco P. 36. Cf. ina becbrataib, Blathm. 34.

Fig. in brat uane `the cloak of green' (of new grass, etc.), Lament 21 . a brat líg (of a place), LL 7226 (Hail Brigit 20). brat geal re headh an Faíligh, IGT Decl. ex. 810 . im-rualaid b.¤ dar grēin `has drawn a cloak across the sun' (of a disaster), Ériu xx 194 § 14. b.¤ in aeoir fhuasnadaig, PH 8160. fai bhrat a ccré `under cover in clay', IT ii2 116. 14 . do thréig a brat clúmha an choill / brat ar mac Úna a ḟochaind a shroud on U.'s son, IGT Decl. ex. 1261. fada do bhádur fa bhrut `in obscurity', O'Hara 1189. ar cóir nDé go ndeachaidh brat, DDána 15.9 . sochaide ḟāgbus a brat / icon cōicait imchomarcc (i.e. will be baffled by or work hard at the fifty problems ?), ZCP iv 235.2 . bidh a cin for a lepuidh, bruit, ┐ biud responsibility for his crime is incurred by the harbourer who provides him with clothing and food (?), Laws iv 240.8 .

Other applications: hi ṁbrot glass `in a gray mantle' (of bird's plumage), Thes. ii 290.9 . da ndeach cum na sul . . . faguid brat orro (= tela, Vocab.), Rosa Angl. 310.3 . a cur fó na súilibh ┐ scaoilidh a mbrait ┐ a salchar ` webs ', O'Gr. Cat. 226.28. do thuiteadar na bruit bhí ar a shúilibh = squamae ( Acts ix 18 ), Eochairsg. 85.10 . lind serb do bratoib cuilend `of leaves of holly' (Index), O'Mulc. 815. In phr. bratt boinne placenta : is amlaidh sin gabus in lenam siubal ona teghais .i. on brat boinne, Irish Texts v 38.4 . cinnus is coir in brat boinne d'innarbad da roib fostad air deis in leinim do breith, Irish Texts v 40 § 22 . cuir grainne spuirsi no eorna a n-aigid gacha bliadhna annsa brat boinne, Irish Texts v 36.11 . ? ar is innte fo-gebed a sháith min-arāin; ┐ no bíd ┐ bratt boinni odarda imme, MacCongl.² 21.644 .

Compds. With adjj. caladh B. bhinn bhratduinn `brown-clothed harbours', RC xlix 173 § 28. tar muir mbraitfhinn ` white-cloaked ', Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 4 . fo chír blonci bratgile `of white-mantling lard', MacCongl. 37.34 . M. meic B. bratmhais, ZCP viii 218.z . os Banba bratrúaid ` ruddy-vestured ', MacCarthy 156 § 5 . ingen B. brat-ṡolois ` bright-robed ', Metr. Dinds. ii 78.2 . in ben bratthūaine ` green-cloaked ', ZCP viii 268 § 48. With subst. In follg. with semantic infection of bra lín: sínte a mbratlín (of the burial of Christ) linen cloth, Parrth. Anma 4332. bradlín, 5586 . See 2 blaí, brotbla. breathnas .i. dealg. ó bhratnasc tig, O'Cl. in brat-nellgal oeingheal (of chalk from shields), CCath. 5874 .

cartaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cartaid or dil.ie/8272

 

Forms: -aigid, cartad

v also -aigid sends, dispatches; expels . Of persons: dun . . . asa carta mac 'athair, Laws v 168.12 . cartais Manannán mac Lir / techta úad, Metr. Dinds. iv 58.21 . docum ifrinn chartfus in Coimdiu [n]a pec[th]achu illaithi brātha, ZCP iv 243.1 . i cend Rossa rochart Cing `against R. he sent C.', Metr. Dinds. iii 446.90 . cartfait clanna Iareoil / dia cóille dia clár, LL 18607 ( PRIA xix 550 ). cartaid timthirid dīa tidnacul, MacCongl. 5.28 . cartfaider a pardus immach iat, MacCarthy 50.21 . rí rochart Moise for fecht / co Forann sent , SR 3829 . rocartad o chomarba Petair i nErinn (of Palladius), Fél.² cii 13 . Of message: cartais R. . . . / fis co F., Metr. Dinds. iv 326.29 .

Of animals drives off: ma fo fath marbtha cartar `if it is with intent to kill them they have been driven', Laws v 140.19 Comm. cartaid . . . inti ba thir a n-eochu as, O'Curry 845 ( H 3.18, 384b ) = Laws iv 6.1 . co hathlam úaib nacartaid `send him from you' (of horse), Metr. Dinds. iii 454.61 . an mada cartaighthear a ttigh na bratha, Luc. Fid. 5021 . Note also: chartas chuige . . . / creacha dubha is bántréada `gathers around him', Ó Bruad. iii 146.7 . ní chartad ór derg i ndag-meid cerd óg amlaid did not pour, Metr. Dinds. iv 114.87 .

Vn. cartad.

cubaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cubaid or dil.ie/13383

 

Forms: cuibdi, -e, cobaid, cobaidh, cobfid, cobhuidh, chobaid, cubaidh

adj pl. cuibdi, -e (com + fid, GOI §§ 128 , 345 , 830 ). cobaid, Ml. 14d11 . cobaidh, Laws i 136.10 Comm. cobfid, Auraic. 957 . cobhuidh: soraidh, DDána 114.4 .

I

(a) harmonious, in accord, agreeing : nir chuibde ciar chomlabra `they [shrieks] were discordant though uttered together', RC vii 298 § 137 ( LL 29226 ). cuibdius c.¤ / ac na helaib, ZCP vii 309.21 , `tuneful music', Murphy Lyrics 30.2 . nidat cuibde a comanmand `their names are no sweet symphonies', MacCongl. 7.16 . ceōla cuibdi na n-aingel, ZCP viii 114 § 9 . re cliathaib crithre, cuibdi, comraitecha ciuil, MR 110.y . ar nirbat cuibdi a cocrícha cían remi, LL 31032 (`their boundaries had not been harmonious', TTr. 213 ). imon crích . . . / níptar cuibde comrainne `were not agreed in partnership', Metr. Dinds. iv 16. 8 (Dubthir) = rapdar . . . , LL 30526 . roslechta leis . . . / .uii. maige certa cuibde, 2196 . Cheville: ainm c.¤ , Auraic. 2117 . Of physical activity or action concerted; agreed upon: imram . . . c.¤ comaontadach, ML² 657 . mat cuibdi ┐ fer laime . . . Manbet cuibdi (`if there be accomplices', Plummer MS notes), Laws i 244.1 , 3 Comm. ? cia biat cuidbi aen érce. Munub cuidbi aen érca is secht cumula cacha láimhe can cinnedh, O'D. 517 ( H 3.17, 420 ). See cuibdius. equal, (with) (in), matched: na tri Aedana ardda / ropsat cuibdi comṡelgga, LL 28804 . cidat cuibdi comriata inn echradsin nídat comdatha well-matched , LL 13906 . bāmar cuibhdhe cōim-t[h]rēna, ML² 2080 .

(b) fitting, meet, becoming; proper, right : áile suidhe n-árd n-esartha. i mbí clúmh chubhaidh cosartha (request for a dwelling), Ériu xiii 40.12 ` suitable ', Murphy Lyrics p. xiv (note). m'itche c.¤ coir `meet and fitting prayer', Ériu xix 3 § 4 . do mac cóir ch.¤ Cherbaill, LU 4324 . ro-po ch.¤ co ro-cloitea o mac na hóige .i. Crist, PH 2022 . nocho chert na c.¤ , CRR 22 . na ceithre comhfhocail cuibhdhi `the four fit . . . maxims', MR 90.4 . Clann Onc[h]on c.¤ comlān ` righteous ', BColm. 52.6 . caillecha dubha / craibhtecha, cubdhe, 'na chill, BNnÉ 152.12 . cubhaidh = comely , Isaiah iv 2 . F. ab cubaidh Ardmacha `legimate abbot', TFrag. 140 note p . an chanóin chubhoidh (of scripture), DDána 20.31 . ro bud cubuidh dire do beth doib ina setuib `would be meet', Laws ii 402.29 Comm. c.¤ desidhe gemadh he trian na codach etc., iv 198.4 Comm. guin daighfhir cró níor chubhaidh `was not meet', RC xlix 169 § 5 . fuair tríonn créachta nar chubhaidh, DDána 40.17 . neach nār iomchair an umhla mar budh cubhaidh, Beatha S. F. 2167 .

With following prepp. DO, FRI (LA): is ulcach Cú Ch. is c.¤ do niaid comrac fris (`it is fitting for', Faraday), LU 6133 (TBC). frepuide cuibde di cech pheccad `appropriate remedies for every sort of sin', Rule of Tallaght 80 § 59 . ro-po c.¤ duit, etc., PH 2345 . ceit[h]re trīr . . . / cuibde re gach les, Ériu i 39 § 6 . gēb-sa lethrand dūs in ba c.¤ frissa ṅgēba-som to see if it fits yours (a half-quatrain of verse), Fing. R. 119 . ni mó na re bochtaib tróga bud ch.¤ beth innte, Todd Lect. vi 44.5 . re chéile isad cuibhdhe they suit each other, DDána 98.29 . ni cubhaidh lena nadúir cennaighecht `trading does not suit his nature', Ériu v 172.157 .

Compar. concinnore .i. as chubaithiu, Ml. 145b3 . ga craebh coibhneasa as cuibhdhe do cheastnughadh `fitter', MR 98.1 . As superl. is friu as cuibhdhi sin fria drochdhainib, Lism. L. 4058 . duit as cuibhdhe cró do shean most befitting, DDána 74.60 . Adv. in chobaid gl. concinnenter, Ml. 14d11 . go cubaidh , ZCP viii 114.22 . co c.¤ comaontadhach, ML² 682 .

II As subst. = cuibdius.

(a) In metr. sense: cid a chubhaidh ? . . . coibhḟiodh ann sin ar an ní as ionann fiodh airegdha benus an dá ḟocal in imḟregra; ar gé ni dleghar dona bardaibh eolus i ffedhaibh . . . dlegar doibh a cubhaid techta do urmuisi, ┐ do aithne fria cluais, ┐ aignedh, Ériu xiii 43.y - 44.2 . Cf. O'Dav. 771 . rann . . . as ionann c.¤ a imfregra ina leth toisioch, ┐ ina leth dhéghenach (following ex. shows a: b, c: d), Ériu xiii 44.7 . con-ricce a chubhaidh fri araill (of comharc bairdne), 43.31 . O'Dav. 48 . cach da thæbomna ar fid hi c.¤, cach da cobfid i c.¤: is ed is c.¤ iarum co robe an fid cetna beas isna foclaib in imfreccrai, ┐ co rob inand a lin du tæbomna beas intib, ut est, bas ┐ las, etc., Auraic. 957 . cubhaidh comfada (one of the sixteen parts of poetry), IT iii 29.21 . In name of metre: debide doceil a c.¤ , IT iii 17 § 43 , Murphy Metrics 65 `which conceals its rime', p. 78 . See ánchubaid, salchubaid, de-chubaid

(b) In general sense: congbhaidh do chubhaidh `maintain thy sway', Oss. vi 148.7 . ? focheil Bé san tulaig the / dagné fon ch.¤ Ceilbe ` suitably ', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.56 .

2 dath-, daith-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dath-, daith- or dil.ie/14729
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Dathgus, dath-imdae, dathchalmae

adj in -n compounds. 1 dath colour, complexion , 1 and 2 daith bright, nimble . It is not always easy to decide between dath- and daith- as the latter undoubtedly already in early Old-Ir. before broad consonants occasionally assumed the form dath-, cf. the cpds. with taith- and aith-. In Mid.-Ir. daith- and dath- are equivalent as far as the pronunciation is concerned. dath-aigthech bright-faced, of a bright appearance : do bhocóidibh donn bhána dealbhsnuighte dathaightheacha duinnsgiath, ML 128. 17 . dath-álaind of lovely colour, fair of hue or complexion; opp. dathgrándae: déd dathálaind ┐ láṁa dírgha datháille ┐ corp sneachtaighi, Ériu iii 152. 22 . colptha dírgi datháilli, RC xxiv 200. 2 . a dathaib dígraissi dathálli, TTr. 141 . a sgiath dubhghorm dathálainn, OCT 17.6 . in dias niamdha ndatháluinn, Acall. 1871 . dá óclach donna datháille drechṡoillsi, TBC-LL¹ 5458 . buiden eile...pa dígrais dathalainn étrochtglan fociochlatar isin tulaigh, ib. 5545 . a láim Dhúthaigh dhatháluinn, Oss. vi 140. 12 . Of the Tuatha Dé Danann: roghabh flaitheas ┐ forláṁas air Thuathaibh datháille D. D., OCT 1.3 . datharmach of bright weapons: rothuitset .u. fir déc díghraisi datharmach do maccaib Morna, Acall. 2134 , Rawl. (degarmach, Lism.). Cf. claidmi...datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 1 . dathballach with a speckled skin, speckled, spotted. Of a hound: iomdha cú dathbhallach dian, Duan. F. 83. 9 . dath-bind: atgeoin dán dathbinn nach dreis, B IV 2, 143 b ( ACL iii 308 § 33 ). Cf. dán dathglan, Keat. 3419 . dath-bord only in poetry: Druim drechṡlemon na ndathbord (: rathbard) Druim Dairbrech of the coloured banks LL 192 a 20 (cf. bláthbord LL 154 b 41 ). dath-buadach: Dairmach d., Reeves Ad. 272 . Dath-cháin npr. m. (of lovely colour), Acall. 6589 . Dathchaoin, SG 259. 5 . dath-chlód a change, variation or diversity of colour P. O'C. Cf. 1 dath III. Dath-gal ā, npr. m. gen. mac Dathgaile, Rawl. 161 a 14 . See Daith-gel. Cf. Dath-gus, Dathnat, Dathge. dathgel white of skin, of a fair complexion. Moelsechluind mac Domnaill dathgil (v.l. daithghil) IT iii 71. 2 . re hingin daithghil an ríogh, Ériu i 16. 14 . Ádam ┐ Eba cona ndáinib daithgela, Lec. 347 b 29 . Daithgel npr. m., v. supra. dath-glan pure coloured: Aed Glas dathglan delbda, Gorm. Feb. 16 . ri déine...clainni dathglaini Dardáin, TTr. 1690 . craeb dh., SG 351. 38 . la dán ndathnglan, Keat. 3419 . Daminis...na ndán ndathglan LL 141 b 25 . dath-grándae hideous of colour or skin; opp. d.¤-álaind, d.¤-grinn: .vii. mba dubha duaibhsiocha dathghránna, ML 4. 13 . na duibhnéallaibh doiṁne dúaibhseacha dathghránna drúise, TSh. 58. 15 . dath-grinn = dathálaind: a ṁáthair daithgrind dhíles, BB 406 b 15 . Dathgus u, npr. m. (1) Son of Baeth, king of the Dési. (2) Son of Aed. (3) Son of Lachtnán. (4) Son of Máiltenn. Daithgius mac Aeda, BB 86 a 46 . gen.: guin Dathgusa mic Báith rí na nDéssi, Tig. RC xvii 236. 5 . Dathgusa meic Lachtnán, BB 195 c 47 . Dathgusa meic Máilteinn, 194 b 38 . Daitusa (sic) meic Aeda, 86 a 53 . iugulatio Daithgussa AU i 184. 5 f.b. (A.D. 731). mac Daithgiusa, Rawl. 154 a 22 ; the form Daithgius, g s. Daithgiusa, points to a compound with 1 dath or 2 dath-. dath-imdae many-coloured . Of the ships of the Spaniards: a long dúbha dúaibhsiocha dathiomdha, ML 44. 24 . Daith-lenn bright mantle, the name of a hound: Dóilin ┐ Daithlend .i. dá choin Mæle Ḟothartaig, RC xiii 377. 21 . dath-muirnech: dobudh ruathar réidh roṁuirneach rabharta an réim sin ┐ ba tinneanas tineadh déine dathṁuirnighe doṁainloisgthe an ionnsaighe, ML 114. 4 ; cf. the cpd. ciothṁuirneach, ib. 102. 27 . dath-ogom the ogham of the colours BB 310 b 27. dath-óiph beauty of complexion: rí co ndathaeb (: tatháir) SR 5255 . dath-órda golden coloured ZCP i 429. 10 f.b. dath-phell a coloured skin: lí dathpill (: rí Raithlinn) IT iii 96. 22 . dath-rath: Domitian co ndathrath (: cathbath), Gorm. Jul. 1 . Stokes' explanation in the vocabulary is wrong. dath-rind: atchiu carpat co ndathrind tauthat sluagu is bodbdae, TBC-LL¹ 1088 LU (v.l. condatrindi Badbae YBL). Dath-snatha gen. of artificial npr.: Lesan mac D., Anecd. ii 55. 17 (v.l. dagṡúaithe, v. Manners and Customs ii 133 ). dath-ṡúairc of bright, cheery colours, bright-hued: tig nech...fri dered domain datṡúairc (v.l. dathálaind), Fen. 298. 20 .

II daith bright , v.s. I.

III daith swift, nimble , q.v. Here probably dathchalmae: Budi mac Deirg dathchalma, Ériu v 221. 6 , ib. 248. 10 ; but this was hardly the reading of the original.

IV Interchanging with dag-, deg-: dath-armach: degarmach, Acall. 2134 , v.s. I; in such cases deg- seems due to confusion with Mid.-Ir. dadh- = dag, deg; cf. the phon. spelling Daith-gel BB 76 a 30 = Daithgil.

2 déinmech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 déinmech or dil.ie/15230
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj (dénum) well-made, shapely, active, noble (?) (Stories fr. Táin Gl.): cét fer nd.¤ dó oc foglaim druidechta úad, LU 5036 . fer gaeth glicc dénmech degirlabraid, LL 227b12 ( TTr. 763 ). mo chraide in d.¤ Dubrind, Acall. 4688 . mathair Loga in dagfir dénmig | ingen Balair bemnig, LL 137a25 . dá ech . . . dualaig dénmecha dathálli, LU 9256 . sé h-eich donna déinmecha (: léimnecha), Leb. Cert. 208 (Lec. = demneacha: ledmeacha, BB). ro innsaigedar . . . ina n-dlúmaib dicra derscaigthi deinmecha (YBL; deinmneacha, 23 K 44 , B iv 1) debtha, MR 222.25 . ua dluith deinmech (denmnedach, Eg.) docuas andsin, TTebe 2334 . na heich diana deinmetha (denmned-, Eg.), 2364 . ba denmech (denmnedach, Eg.) in marcach isin, uair is cumma no-lenad do thaeib ┐ do druim a eich, 2356 . drecain . . . deinmnecha (no deinmecha), BNnÉ 99 § 10 . sluaigh dhemhna ica tarraing i carcraibh . . . diamra dimaoine daora dubha deinmeacha, Lism. L. 3645 (descr. of hell). Cf. dénmach.

1 dela

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dela or dil.ie/15310

 

Forms: deil, deal

n In Corm. (see below) apparently pl., sg. deil.

(a) teat, dug: deala .i. sine no ballán, O'Cl. o d.¤ co droind, IT iii 246 (LL); cf. bruchtaid in buar bódela, ZCP viii 105 . deil .i. sine bó, Corm. Y 430 . sinethæ dianat anmanna d.¤ , 431 . ar son delae .i. uithi, Dinds. 46 ( RC xv 439 ). boinine fo d.¤ (delai, v.l.), Anecd. ii 75.9 . roselai delai fir muaid .i. ro denusa sini ind ḟir . . . ica rabatar móini na hecisi, RC xxvi 16 § 18 . ? co deiligh a d.¤ iarna thaemad, Dinds. 93 ( RC xvi 44 ). deal fola a bloodsucker or horseleech, P. O'C.

(b) Fig. affection, kinship (see O'Rahilly, SGS ii 16 , Celtica i 369 ): deala .i. gáol no cairdeas, O'Cl. deal ` kindred, friendship, affection ', P. O'C. alainn in tír i tánac | mochen rí dámad dela (: feda), SG 346 . ? Mag Fea, ní d.¤ do deir, Metr. Dinds. iii 198 . athair ┐ mathair Hisu ┐ dream da lucht gail ┐ deala, YBL 148b23 . gar, a Mhuire, dhaoibh mo dheala, Celtica i 29.1 . ná diult mé gidh créad mo cheana, | a Dhé, 's méad mo dheala dhuid, DDána 25a . 20 . ? Cf. dall cíach deala ┐ dubha , L. Cl. A. B. 143.143 .

(c) meet, proper: deighmhein as deala don druing, Top. Poems 60 (= Hy Fiach. 187 ). dún ris nar dheala dhún druim, DDána 74.59 `the fort we ne'er should have left', Ir. Monthly 1919, 343 .

2 derc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 derc or dil.ie/15581

 

Forms: derc, dearca

n perhaps identical with preceding word, cf. d s. foum derc .i. gnuis, Thes. ii 350 (gl. on Hy. vi 4 ), and g s. fa deis dearca cach baile, Lec. 564b10 (facs. 282vb10), if this is the same word. In later lang. generally ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 . eye: cammd.¤ gl. strabo, Sg. 63a4 . fliuchdercc gl. lippus, 24a8 . S. saoibhd.¤ `the squinting ', BNnÉ 232.3 . ar deirc .i. ar sūil (etym. of irdairc), O'Mulc. 746 . en . . . dar dercaib slúag saer (.i. usce dar súilib soercland), LU 9938 . mo derca (.i. mo ṡúli), LL 208a 7 = IT i 162.3 , ZCP v 488 § 4 (B. na f.). aodh ┐ d.¤ ┐ cais, tri hanmann in ruisg, Metr. Gl. 16 § 39 . a dá deircc (.i. a dí ṡúil), Cóir Anm. 24 . dearc .i. suil, O'Cl. mnáib dergdercaib, LU 10377 . suile dubha . . . ina cinn ┐ mailgi mora osa dercuibh (of a boar), ZCP vi 279.33 . céo for a derca ┐ snighe dér, Aisl. Tond. 99 § 3 . do digail a deirci `to revenge the loss of his eye', MR 110.12 . ag dáil dér os fert Eóghain | nír fégh d.¤ dhá doirseóraib, IGT Decl. ex. 1305 . mar a-tá mo dhearc in-a diaidh my yearning for her, PBocht 11a.3 . dod dheirc mhongmhoill, TD 27.21 . a dhearc mhall, 2.30 . ní fhuil solus mo dhearc agam lumen oculorum meorum non est mecum, TSh. 4202 .

Compds. ¤corr: clann Eachach Doimlen dearc-cuirr, Hy Fiach. 180.4 . ¤mer of lively glance: fa sduaigh ndeircmhir móir Macha, TD 7.26 .

détach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. détach or dil.ie/15801

 

adj o, ā. (1 dét) having teeth: Feargus Dedach, BB 48a12 (and sic leg. MacCarthy 206 ). F. Dubdh.¤ .i. déta dubha bái aigi, nó dubh é féin ┐ déta móra lais, Cóir Anm. 260 .

dethaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dethaide or dil.ie/15815

 

Forms: detaide

adj also detaide, -ge. Form doubtful, perh. gs. of dethach used attrib. smoky, sooty, dusky: fiach deataighe, Ériu vii 197 . connacotar mnaoi mbelmair nduib ndedgair detaide, BDC 33 (RC xxi) . caillech dhubh dethaighe, RC xiii 5 . suli duba dethaighe, RC xxiv 196 . ba dúbha dorcha deathaighe, ML 6 .

dígu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígu or dil.ie/16354

 

Forms: díga, dígha, díghan, díghain

vn. of 2 do-goa (see Jn. Celt. Stud. i 150 ) díga m., g s. ¤ id., n p. ¤ id., and -adha, IGT Decl. § 2 . dígha f., g s. díghan, n p. díghain, § 6 .

(a) that which is not chosen, the worst, the refuse, the inferior part or share: indigu . . . .i. in ic a diultad co nach digu hí, Corm. Y 759 . diogha the worst, Eg. Gl. 247 . Followed by gen. (like rogu): bit filii dei a n-ainm, ní d.¤ anme són that is not a name to be rejected, Wb. 4d3 . fuaratar d.¤ (didu, BB) ndelba | dáig rostréic a tigerna their forms were changed for the worse, Metr. Dinds. iii 156 . d.¤ selga dūind ó fhiannaib Eirenn `the worst of (their) hunting' (i.e. their poor game land), Acall. 5475 . digu set the worst `sét', Laws iv 28 . diogha cerdi cerd gaite thieving is the worst of trades, SG 52 . ná len do dhiogha ceirde, O'Gr. Cat. 392 . díogha na ngeinteadh, Ezekiel vii 24 . Used absolutely: ní ba sás for sluaga, | riana bās bo dighu, Anecd. ii 31 . nírbu d.¤ a blat, Rawl. 83a51 . ar dāigin nā tecma digha don ecluis that the worst may not fall to the church, Laws iii 40 (Comm.), ib. 42 (dighu). ní bhia díogha dá rádh riú no mean theme will be theirs (of the poet's verses), A. Ó Dálaigh v 1 . an t-oileán-sa Ghaoidhil ghlais | ní díogha an rogha rugais the choice you made was not the worst, Book of O'Conor Don 346b34 . fa neimhdhíogha an c[h]uid c[h]rannchoir the lot (he drew) was a good one, Studies 1920, 98.6 . díogha dom ghrés doghéntaoi `it would ruin my artistry', 263.10 . do fhéd so a rogha do ríghadh | no no togha díghan díb, IGT Decl. ex. 263 . na foirne do shíol o shoin | roighne dhóibh (leg. dhíobh) ┐ dioghuin the best and the worst of them, ex. 278 . tabhair a rogha don bhodach ┐ béarfaidh sé díogha duit (prov.), GJ v 74 . In dialects and Sc. G. contracted to diu: is minic a thog fear rogha diu (prov.), many a time a man has chosen for the worse, Rel. Celt. i 158 . is doiligh rogha thabhairt a diu it is a sore thing to choose the worse, ib. lubhra . . . a's dathacha dubha d'á shlad le diu gach ainimh, GJ iii 54 . Also spelt díobhad: an daillinntleachtach . . . an t-easlán no díobhad na cloinne the refuse of their children, Donlevy 338 .

(b) not choosing; rejecting, spurning, rejection: aisnēidem rigu na Pers | cen digu ┐ cen dimeas, Lec. 77b45 . cen d.¤ cen dimicin, 78b15 . ferr a ndigo a ngradugud better to spurn them than to cherish them, LL 345a2 = a ndiuga, BB 64b9 = a ndingi, Tec. Corm. § 16.112 . díogha reachta is riaghla, Keat. Poems 1268 . do-ní an peacthach díogha don bheathaidh mharthanaigh ┐ rogha dona neithibh talmhaidhe rejects eternal life, TSh. 2045 .

do-áirci

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-áirci or dil.ie/17132

 

Forms: táirged, táirced, taircid, taírcaid, doáirci, doáircci, duairci, tairci, tárci, dofarci, dofairce, táirci, thairce, tairces, tairges, dunáirceat, táircet, taircet, -taircet, dothairced, taircitis, dunáirrcea, dunaircea, dunairrcea, duaircem, dunaircet, taircither, dunairced, -dairgeba, taircebat, duaircibed, dunaircibed, do-áirgébad, dorárricc, doraricc, doráricc, durairric, do-rairg, doraraic, doraraic, dothairg, ro tairic, rontaraig, tharaic, tharic, táircide, táircidi, tárcud

v (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 553 , Bergin Ériu xi 139 ). Ipv. 3 s. na táirged , Wb. 23c13 . táirced, c14 . 2 pl. taircid, Ml. 48b15 . taírcaid, SR 2624 .

Indic. pres. 3 s. doáirci, Wb. 3d19 ; 15b28 . doáircci, 12c26 . duairci, Ml. 76a16 . tairci (rel.), Wb. 12c31 . tárci, 25a4 . dofarci, Corm. Y 1228 . dofairce, ACL iii 293 = Auraic. 1935 . PH 8378 . ni táirci , Wb. 27a28 . ni tárci, Ériu vii 158 . ni thairce , PH 8385 . ¤tárcend, MU² 693 . Rel. tairces, FB § 73 . tairges, IT i 163 . 3 pl. dunáirceat, Ml. 86c14 . táircet, Wb. 3b8 . taircet, Imr. Brain i 21 . ni táircet, Wb. 30b12 . ní tarcat, 31d10 . -taircet, PH 4232 . Ipf. 3 s. dothairced, SR 4521 . 3 pl. ní taircitis , Ml. 98c2 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. dunáirrcea, Ml. 78b22 . dunaircea, 85c2 . dunairrcea, 130a15 . 1 pl. duaircem, 35b3 . 3 pl. dunaircet, 46b15 . Pass. ní taircither , 17d5 . Ipf. 3 s. dunairced, 35a12 . Fut. 3 s. -dairgeba, Laws iii 266 Comm. 3 pl. taircebat, LL 119b29 (forms infl. by gaibid). Condit. 3 s. duaircibed, Ml. 29c10 - 11 . dunaircibed, 100b7 . do-áirgébad (sic leg., Gloss.), BDD² 196 (infl. of gaibid).

Perf. 3 s. dorárricc, Wb. 3c15 . doraricc, 19b23 . doráricc, 3c29 . durairric, Ml. 33b20 . do-rairg, Sc.M² 22 . doraraic, Fél. Aug. 1 . doraraic, SR 7216 , 7193 . dothairg, ZCP viii 539 . BB 16a30 . ro tairic, CCath. 4390 . ? rontaraig, SR 1524 . ? tharaic, 6367 . tharic, 6741 .

Part. táircide, Verbal of necess. táircidi. Vn. tárcud.

(a) In general sense causes, effects, induces, brings about, brings (a result, etc.); in Ml. usually glosses ferre with some object like adiutorium, 19a4 ; auxilium, 78b22 ; praesidium, 130a15 ; sententiam, 35a12 ; or compd. thereof; afferre (exemplum, rationem), 35b3 , 46b15 ; deferre (servitium), 48b15 ; inferre, 27c20 , 29c10 - 11 , 100b7 ; perferre (of a message), 33b20 ; praeferre (officium), 98c2 ; referre, 17d5 , 18a6 ; and incutere (timorem), 85c2 , 86c14 . `fero' taircim, Metr. Gl. p. 4 . doáirci bethid dúnni, Wb. 3d19 , 15b28 . is heside dorárricc báas dúnni, 3c15 ; 3b8 . Ml. 76a16 . ní óen-torbe doraricc dún crux Christi , Wb. 19b23 . ní tarcat torbe, 31d10 . a mba taircide in todernam gl. illato supplicio, Ml. 27c20 . do chalaind ind Auguist | doraraicc mór mbríge, Fél. Aug. 1 . ni thairce tarba nā somáin do nech, PH 8385 . nocho taircci baa dam does me no good, Anecd. ii 9 . co tárcend suba ┐ sogra dond ardríg, MU² 693 . dothairg dubha ┐ dobrōn d'feraib Erenn, ZCP viii 539 . cia domain doairgebad don ríg in gat `what damage the theft would cause to the king', BDD § 18 . ni rotairic oen lā riem . . . don cinidh doennae sama[i]l in rotairicc in la sin dōib .i. a ndith ┐ a mudugud, CCath. 4390 . rotáirgfedh mor do allud do Grécaib, BB 413b35 . ní tárci [in gó] ni di ulc [d]ondí frisa n-eperar, Ériu vii 158 . trefocal cen scáth dofairce cuitbiud which provokes derision, ACL iii 293 . dofarce, Auraic. 1935 ; cf. Corm. Y 1228 . co tarce toil di cach oen | i mbrēithir, i ngnīm, ACL iii 316 . cia lín dond rīgraid rāin ruaid | Temra co n-uail tarcai trāig that causes decline of Tara (?), Rawl. 137a26 . findṡruth arggait, drepa óir, | taircet fáilti cech imróill cause joy, Imr. Brain 40 . ammiti tuathchaecha taircebat mo milliud, LL 119b29 . aingel Dé tharic cech síd (: rádid?) who hath wrought every peace, SR 6741 . ōs dálaib tharaic [Dia] . . . | fot lámaib do dergnamait has placed thy dire enemy in thy hands, 6367 . With FOR: do-fairce péin ┐ digal for nech, PH 8378 . hiligthir a pennind fo mēt torraraic fora chomnesam di saethur the amount of trouble he has caused his neighbour, Ériu vii 158 .

(b) produces, brings forth: rothairg Dia ┐ rotusim donn ūir in uili crand (= produxit . . . de humo omne lignum, Gen. ii 9 ), BB 16a30 = rothairc, Lec. 529a16 (but possibly here the notion is to draw, suggested by produxit, see below). rorāid Dia: doradus daib . . . in uili ḟér tairceas sil for talmain, Lec. 528b27 = BB 15b51 . co ndat ambrite ┐ co nā taircet torad, PH 4232 .

(c) procures, gains, provides, supplies: comartha tairces churathmír dúib, FB § 73 . cia rontáraig Dia bithmaith though God had secured us lasting good (dia prep., Stokes), SR 1524 = tuc sum cech maith dun, MacCarthy 62 . rí doraraic doib mór slúag, 7193 . ? tairgid scēth . . . ┐ cloidme `provide', Ériu viii 28 . mo chathmerge cenand rothairc ferand fó `that has won good land', PRIA xix 550 ( LL 147a35 ). Cf. also follg. exx. from Laws: ni tualaing rodaselba sanna nech nodoren nade tairce, i 202 . ? nad bi ed ōn donairce `if it be not he that acquires it', iii 48 . munar tairg int athuir somuine cuige amuigh `unless . . . has acquired property', iii 64 Comm. fer conae deis n-athar . . . ┐ do tairchid `who accumulates', iv 348 .

(d) Miscellaneous and doubtful uses: in mias atuaid, taircthi rúin, | cosna bargenaib remuir, SR 4353 ; cf. 4521 . Sárnat ben Chonairi . . . rastuc cen temel mar thaircim | Nemed mac Srabcind na srian, LL 138b44 = Lec. 399a6 (do-fairget?). ingen maic Niad co méite, | Téite, notharcitis (rotairgitis, rotairrngidis, v.l.) tuir `whom chieftains used to guard', Metr. Dinds. iii 234 (referred to do-farcai, Gloss.).

In follg. instances from Laws apparently brings, conducts, leads: masa codnach rotargestur in ech dochum in denta who led, iii 254 . mas ī in t-ech rotairgestar in codnach, 256 . slān dona damaib cach uile ní (uile) dara dairgeba in codnach iad ina certimāin `over which a sensible adult conducts them in proper driving', 266 . masa codnach rotairged isin rē comraic `that is drawn into the combat-field', 296 . slán d'fir in eich na huile neiche dara taircebar `over which it is (lit. will be) brought', 180 Comm. In these exx. perh. influenced by tairngid tairgid, prototonic form of do-srenga draws.

See also do-airicc, do-fairget.

dobrón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dobrón or dil.ie/17264
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, m. (brón) grief, intense sorrow: tan latt suba ┐ fálti tan aile toirsi ┐ d.¤ , Todd Lect. vi 46 . is misi ícfas do dh.¤ , MR 50.7 . roghabh tuirsi trom ┐ d.¤ derbháir antí Suibhni, BS 130.24 . atconnarc dobron mór for Silla, CCath. 4239 . atchitis tobron in talman ┐ cess ┐ cotlad inna soilse, BLism. 46a1 . subhachas gan d.¤ , TSh. 10993 . d.¤ ann mo chroidhe go laetheamhuil, Psalms xiii 2 . is beannuighthe an drong doní d.¤ blessed are they that mourn, Donlevy 200.23 . 'na thuigh na faghthar dubrón (gl. trosgadh), Hard. ii 302.3 (see tubron). adbar dubha ┐ dobroin dermair, CCath. 4389 . comartha duba ┐ dobroin, TTebe 740 . lucht an dobróin the afflicted, Donlevy 196.10 . As n.pr. of a drinking horn , Acall. 155 .

domilis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. domilis or dil.ie/18108

 

adj (milis) bitter, unpalatable: sruth usqi dub dorcha d.¤ , IT i 191.32 (FA). dobert ó brú na hinnse | dochum dige domillse, SG 335.9 . bai ac Parrthalon . . . leastar do lind d.¤ , Lec. 549a44 . uiscedha dubha domillsi, Lism. L. 3665 . for srothaib na n-usqui ṅdub ṅd.¤ , PH 8302 .

dúaibsech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dúaibsech or dil.ie/18932

 

adj o,ā (dúabais) gloomy, stern, forbidding; sad, calamitous: painful, irksome, unpleasant, toilsome, difficult , P. O'C. Of living beings: atheach duaibseach (the Devil), Lec. 347b3 . imad na ndemna nd.¤ , PH 8278 . ag drochmuindtir duaibhsigh diabhail, MR 294 . amal atchondcatar na firu duaibseacha, TBC-I¹ 478 . óglaoch dubh duaibhsech diabhluidhe, RC xxix 142 . o'tcuala . . . in caillich nduaibsigh (the witch of Thessaly), CCath. 4004 . cach dūil d.¤ , 4138 . badh . . . duabsech, Cog. 174 . dei duaibsecha diablaidhi (of heathen gods), ZCP vi 57 . seact mba dubha duaibhsiocha dathghránna, ML 4 . Of things: ga duaibhseach díbhfeirge, Keat. iii 2020 (poem). cona n-idna ndubh nd.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5595 (St.). urchor do shoighitt nduaibhsigh, AFM iv 782 . longa dubha duaibhsiocha, ML 44 . teglach dub dorcha d.¤ , PH 8197 . linnti dub-fola duaibsighi, CCath. 964 . tene derg d.¤ , FA 30 (LB). ceo d.¤ dorcha, ITS i 74 . i ndeirc dhuaibhsigh, TSh. 1259 . docum glenna domuin duaibsigh, ZCP vi 42 . Fig. cél duaibhsioch an omen of disaster, TFrag. 200 . cath cruaidh duaibhsioch, 120 . comairli d.¤ demnacda, MR 198 . cathbéim colg-d.¤ , 116 . cach tech suidigther in tucht sin, ní ba d.¤ , Dinds. 1 § 6 ( RC xv 280 ). Ill-starred, unlucky: a Bhanba . . . dhona dhuaibhseach, Keat. Poems 1349 . Compar. (as superl.) rob iat rigclanna Rudraigi . . . ba duaibsige deired `most terrible in the rear', MR 216 . As adv.: is duaibhseach romdúiscis (said by one awakened by tidings of enemies' approach), 170 . As n.pr.: D.¤ ingen Duach Tenga umai, RC xxiii 396 . in D.¤ eclach (name of Cú Chulainn's spear), CRR 51 . an dub d.¤ (name of Colum Cille's bell), BCC § 132 . As subst.: rochoimil se duaibhsech d[ó]ibh ┐ docuir sin dath dubh duaibhsech orra ` black ( stain )', ZCP vi 74 .

dub

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dub or dil.ie/18985
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dubh, duib, Dubchroin, Dubgaill, dublathi, dublocha, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib-, Dub-, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duibe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibinne, Dublachtnai, Dubdartaig, Duibduinig, Duibdunaigh, Duibsinaich, Dubslataigh, Duibchonna, Duibchonnaid, Duchormac, Dubinrecht, Dubanich, Duibcind, Duibcinn, Duibgind, Duibchruib, Dubchertain, Dubchon, Duibdeochain, Duibdiberg, Duibeoin, Duibedain, Dubgillai, Dubgoband, Dublaich, Dubloingsigh, Dubgosa, Dublitir, Dublitri, Dubluachair, Dubrind, Dubroith, Duibdirma, Duibdligid

I Adj. u (see GOI 227 ) black, swarthy; dark:

(a) In lit. sense: dubh gl. niger, Ir. Gl. 381 , 802 . Ethioip in datha derbduib, LL 136a14 . forollscad for ratha | comdar datha duibe, Metr. Dinds. iii 218 . in d.¤, in liath (colours of winds), SR 61 (cf. Laws i 26 ). in temen . . . eter duib ┐ corcair, 80 . abrait duib black eyelashes, TBC-I¹ 30 . folt d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5269 , 5424 . ech d.¤ , 3380 . cait duba, Laws i 152 Comm. di énlaithib dubuib (= graves aves), Lat. Lives 32 . dond ḟiuc[h] d.¤ , SR 2558 . uan . . . cen gaili nduib, 3902 . airnidhe dubha black sloes, BS 22 . demun d.¤ , SR 7773 . for demnu duba, 8320 . milidh duibh (dhubha, v.l.), RC xxxiv 320 . slog d.¤ dorcha (of devils), PH 8101 . teglach d.¤ dorcha, 8197 . il-luc d.¤ dorcha, Fél. Mar. 9 . tír nd.¤ ndóthide, FA § 21 . sruth usci duib dorchai, § 30 . for trágaib duba, SR 8068 . dubaib rathib rogemrid in the dark seasons of deep winter, Ériu vii 2 . fion dubh dark (i.e. red) wine , 23 A 4, 94.11 ; 95.1 . linn d.¤ black bile, melancholy (med.), O'Gr. Cat. 176 ; o imdughad lenna duibe, 23 P 10, 25a20 . Of persons, swarthy of complexion or blackhaired: Odba . . . in d.¤ dedblada[ch], BB 405a17 . na bāingela duba fair(-skinned) dark(-haired) women (?), ZCP viii 113.4 . Of a blind person: atú-sa mar bís dall d.¤ , ZCP vi 263 . As subst.: a d.¤ na sūl iris or pupil (?), 23 P 10, 88 .

(b) Fig. dark (in moral sense); dire, gloomy, melancholy: find cach cóir, d.¤ cach ndebaid, ACL iii 229 . do chosc do dimda buib thy black displeasure, Metr. Dinds. iii 62 . le scēl ndoilphi nd.¤ a false tale of woe, Lec. 608a16 . co d.¤ domenmnach truag, Cog. 62 . sonnach suairc nach dubh re deoraidh that has not black looks for the wanderer, Ó Bruad. iii 188 ( O'Gr. Cat. 555 ). rún nach d.¤ re saoghal séin `purpose prized by ages blessed thereby', Ó Bruad. ii 266 . na secht nduba Temrach .i. septem anni mali, ZCP xii 235 § 52 .

(c) In B. na f. great, expressing intensity; prob. an extension of (b) and common esp. as prefix: dubh .i. mór: d.¤ an fhuil-si .i. as mór an créchd.¤ , O'Cl. in dae sin cidh dubh (.i. mor) a ghlor though loud his noise, ZCP v 483 . ? biaid dano int ēsca lethumai iarthoir Macha .i. tāidlech ar crābud ┐ is d.¤ a riagol re tri fichtib mbliadna, ix 452 .

Equative: duibidir degaid, Ériu ii 122 . dubithir dethaig, BDD² 517 . duibithir druimne daeil, 22 ; TBC-LL¹ 5550 . dubithir ré drommannaib dega, LL 235b11 . duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 . duibither fiaich, TBC-LL¹ 5634 . duibithir funchi fedil, Metr. Dinds. iii 256 , cf. O'Mulc. 540 . duibithir gual, RC xiii 5 . duibigther gual, xxiv 196 . duibhithior gual gabhonn, Keat. iii p. 379 . duibithir uibhli, Aisl. Tond. xiii 5 = comdubh re gual, p. 133 . Compar. duibi nā srath fuail cach gen, Lec. 347a47 . fá duibe iná gual a glúine, SG 251 . is duibhe a ngnúis ná gual, Lament. iv 8 .

II As subst. n., later o, m.

(a) black pigment, esp. ink: ó d.¤ gl. atramento, Wb. 15a10 . drochd.¤ , Sg. p. 217 (Thes. ii p. xxii). is tana a nd.¤ the ink is thin, Sg. p. 248b (ib.). iar n-airnechtain duib scripthar int psailim tria d.¤ after the invention of ink . . . with ink, Hib. Min. 243 . dubh scribind, Fél. p. 246 . doirtid a dig for duillinn | do d.¤ in chuilinn chnesglais ink made from holly, Laud 610, 615.55 , cf. Colmán duib Chuilinn, Fél. Nov. 24 and note p. 246 . penn bog gér ┐ d.¤ ruadh righin, O'Gr. Cat. 120 . adharc dhuibh an inkhorn , Eg. Gl. 650 . adeir Pól . . . nach le dubh do sgríobh í, Eochairsg. 14 . sgríobhadh ré pápéur ┐ ré dubh, 2 John 12 . olc sin, a dhuibh, TTr.² 875 (scribal note). ? Of a black liquid in general: mar attib . . . dig don rodub (roda, v.l.) rúamda, Metr. Dinds. iii 220 (see rota).

(b) gall: g s. duib gl. fellis, BCr. 35a3 ( Thes. ii 24 ). d.¤ ┐ mill na darach oak-gall (?) (prescription for a styptic), 23 P 10, 150va36 .

Note also: tucus ri toeb crīche, cia héraic bad mó | d.¤ dés is d.¤ tuinne, LL 147a50 `black of land (?) and black of wave', PRIA xix 553 , with note: `dub . . . has a proverbial or technical meaning, implying certain commodities, etc., exacted as tribute. Perhaps "doubtful or disputed portion", cf. dubfine'. Cf. Dub-thuinne below. d.¤ .i. duithir ( dawn?), Stowe Gl. 50 .

Compds.

I With adj. In dvandva compds.: dub-brecc dark and speckled , SR 2955 . folt dubchas black and curling , TBC-I¹ 3219 . More oft. as intens. prefix: ¤deróil: cliar drechach nár duibdereoil `dark and feeble' ( very feeble ?), RC xxiv 182 . ¤diamair, SG 307.23 . ¤grāna, KMMisc. 317 . ¤láidir: dōdlāmha dublaidire, CF 205 . ¤temen: muir ndubthemen, SR 909 . Esp. with adjj. of colour to denote a deep shade: ¤chorcur dark crimson gl. ferrugo (explained as color purpurae), Sg. 52a11 . do sciathaib dubc[h]orcra, Fianaig. 88 . ¤chrón; as n.pr. m. a Dubchroin , Hib. Min. p. 77 . hí Dubchroin, Lec. 349b38 . ¤derg dark red , TBC-I¹ 1916 . batir domna dubderga a dí shúil, LL 117b18 . ¤donn dark brown or dun: dubtonn, Thes. ii 236.13 . stéd dubdhonn, SG 269 . dercoin darach dubdhuinne, BS 130 . bratt don scarlóid dubhdhuinn, Anecd. i 76 . As n.pr. m., Metr. Dinds. iii 318 . ¤glas dark blue-grey, livid colour: dubglass gl. caeruleum, Sg. 70b12 . ech d., Acall. 3776 ; Anecd. i 12 . gabur d., ZCP iv 33 . broit dubglasa, TBC-I¹ 11 . co nathrachaib dubglasa, TTebe 524.322 . Hence dubglasaid turns livid: cia bānait ┐ dúbglasait do beoil, PH 8131 . ro bansat a n-aighthe ┐ a ngnúisi, ro dubhglassatar a mbeoil, CCath. 4632 . ¤gorm blue-black, intense black: ech d., Acall. 242 . adbai na ndoel ndúbgorm, PH 8256 . ¤lachtne dark tan-coloured: brat dublachtne, RC xiv 450 . dublactna, xiii 28 . As n.pr. m. Rawl. 150b35 . ¤líath dark grey . As subst.: ? bíaid dano in douibliath (duibliath, v.l.) doich anechde Loch Rí, ZCP ix 451 . ¤odar dark brown or dun: co lin[n]paitib dubodraib, RC xv 439 . As n.pr. m. Dubodor, Rawl. 159a24 . ¤ruad dark red , SR 4046 .

In adj. formed from nouns: ¤altach black-limbed (?): ag indarba deman ┐ d. bís (exorcista), Lec. 340b43 . ¤chestach. As sobriquet: Dáire D. of the dark questions, RC xvi 34 ( Dinds. 84 ). ¤chosach blackfooted . Name of a bird, Anecd. i 38 . As sobriquet, in D. Beinne Gulbain, SG 280 . As subst. o, m., name of a plant, black maidenhair (capillus Veneris), ACL i 326 . don dubhcosaigh , 329 . anmanna an dubhchosaigh, 23 K 42 339.9 . ¤détach black-toothed: as sobriquet, Fergus D., ZCP viii 327 . F. Duibhdhéadach, Keat. iv 294 . ¤ḟograch: muir mintonnach d. plaintive-sounding , RC xxiv 373 . ¤geltach melancholy-mad (downright m.?): glac duibgealtaigh gortaigh, IT iii 101 ( Bruchst. § 71 ). ¤gnúisech black-faced: daosgarshluagh dubh-ghnúiseach deamhan, TSh. 1975 . ¤gus-rúnach full of black crafty thoughts, CF 871 . ¤luirgnech black-shanked, -legged . Name of a horse, Acall. 270 . ¤nertach (intens.): for Daire ṅdian ṅd., LL 213b31 . ¤smúaintigthech: tiubrā dorcha dubhsmuaintigheach 'a dark, brooding, bushy brow', BDC 256.558 . ¤ṡúilech black-eyed: ni thuca in dubshúilig ndochoisc do not marry an intractable black-eyed woman, ZCP viii 112 . As sobriquet: in Findṡúilech et in Dubṡúlech, LL 327a33 . mac Taidhg Dubhsuiligh, AU 1496 (iii 406) .

II With nouns: ¤aba, ¤abann: teora dubaibne hÉrenn .i. Fubna, Torand ┐ Caland, LL 16b36 . tomaidm tri ndubabann, 17a19 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤adaig: i ndubaidchib dark nights, Laws ii 2 . ¤aigén abyss, deep ; goiridh an dubhaigén chum an dubhaigéin deep calleth unto deep, Psalms xlii 7 . ó dhuibhaighén na fairrge, lxviii 22 . Cf. duibecán. ¤aithech black churl (disparaging epithet): la borg d., FB § 71 . ¤alt dark spot, Ó Bruad. ii 166 . ¤áth: ic dubáthaib derg-Maisten black fords, Metr. Dinds. iii 74 ; see Hog. Onom. ¤broid: mo dhuithche fá mhogsain 's fá dhubh-bhroid dark bondage , O'Gr. Cat. 30 . ¤buidechair name of a disease (kind of jaundice?): a n-aghaidh an (sic) dubhbuidheachaire, 23 K 42, 384.1 . ¤chailech part of an axe: gall-biail . . . cona dib dubhchailchib .i. cona dib cluasaib, O'Dav. 532 . ¤chend lit. black-head, name of a sword; later (in poetic lang.) sword in general (later also ¤gin, ¤ginn, perh. through influence of gin sword-edge). a gabair is a dubcend (.i. a ech ┐ a chlaideb), LU 1037 . colg ┐ d.¤ duo nomina gladii , 1038 . is for rigaib focheird feit | indiu d. la Diarmeit, ZCP iii 214 ( LU 9674 ) = indiu in duibgen la D., SG 398 . a duibhginn (.i. a claidemh) ina deghsgib, ZCP v 489 (B. na f.). con duibciund (.i. cloidem) ina dagscip, LB 240a21 . duibhgeann .i. cloidheamh, O'Cl. Also n.pr. m., see below. ¤cheo: duibnēll duibchiach, FB § 36 Eg. ¤chís: cáin, dubhchíos nó custum do chur orra tribute , Ezra vii 24 . fa duibhchíos, Proverbs xii 24 . ¤chlais n.loc. for D., Sc.M² 23 § 23 . ¤chrand: d. mór uaso (of a shaft or pillar?), BDD § 85 . ¤chrech: dubchrecha ┐ chnáim chrói `secret raids' (murderous raids?), Cáin Ad. § 46 . ¤doíre black bondage , SR 5286 . ¤dortad (intens.): forran na tond annuas ac d. forro, Aen. 247 . ar nd. don dīlinn, Anecd. i 26 . Cf. ara ndubdhortaibh dileann, CF 730 . ¤draic: tír nathrach is dubdrac, Rawl. 78b10 . ¤draigen blackthorn, sloe: airne dubhdroighin, Acall. 344 . ¤druim (intens.): dubhdhruim do chor ris an saidhbhreas to renounce altogether, TSh. 10097 . ¤dúnad: fōidis C. Loeg uad isin duibdunad co Fiacha . . . do chuindchid lēgi (apparently a camp distinct from that of the warriors), TBC-I¹ 2766 . ¤én crow or raven , O'Mulc. 310 (= fiach). elta d., RC xiv 416 . ealtada do dubenaib (sic leg.), ZCP x 298 . ¤étach: d'umhluighios a nduibhédach, Psalms xxxv 14 . ¤éthech: secip fethal foa tosar a ndubethech downright perjury , Ériu vii 156 . ¤ḟine one of the inferior divisions of the `fine tuaithe', Laws iv 282 follg. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 148 . ¤ḟocal obscure word: d. .i. da focal .i. focal ┐ focal solus, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18 415 -16); Lec. Gl. 565 . ? ¤ḟolach: dubithir leth d., IT i 310 ( LL 113b13 ). ¤ḟuath black hatred: robhaoi a d. go mór ga bhráithribh, TFrag. 170 . ¤ḟuil: lia dubhfhola, Acall. 1739 , 8002 . cairi dubḟola, MU² 730 (cf. TBC-LL¹ 4336 , TBC-I¹ 2810 ). ¤ga black spear (particularly in phrase fir dubga): dobebat flathi ria n-anflathaib la fursmalta fer ndubga[e] '(lawful) princes will perish before usurpers by the oppressions (?) of the men of the black spears', RC xxvi 38 § 191 (a portent of the end of the world). di sceo neimhe fer ndubgæ 'from the venomous clash of black-speared men', BDC 108.85 (of Connachta). flaith fer ndubgāi, ZCP ix 169.28 (of Vikings). See BDC 163 .​​ co nd. nduaibsech, MR 198 . ¤gait nefarious stealing: soiscela mor Coluimcille do d., AU 1006 = CS 1005 . ¤gall black foreigner, Dane (opp. to findg. Norwegian): Dubgoill do thecht do Áth Clíath, AFM 849 . na Dubgaill, LL 377a7 . Drochet Dubgaill (n.loc.), Cog. 184 . Also n.pr. m., Rawl. 154a17 . gen. mac Dubgaill , RC xviii 349 , etc.

¤gen(n)te (pl.) black heathens, Danes: tetacht dubgennti du Ath Cliath, AU 850 . tancatar Dubgenti Danarda, Cog. 229 (LL). Dainfhir ón Dania . . . is diobh ghairthear Duibhgheinnte nó Dubhlochlonnaigh, Keat. iii 2456 .

¤glas ( ¤glais) dark stream or river: glorach for dubglais innocht, LL 298a21 ( SG 366 ). éicne dubglaisse duinne, SG 388 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤gentlidecht black heathenism: ni bia cretim acht duibgenntligecht hi tir nErenn, Trip. clxxxii ( LB 12a ). ¤guin (intens.): tucadar dubgona dluithi . . . ar a cheli, CF 129 . ? ¤gortus: ar a urrdhurcus, ar a ṡuilbere, ar a dubghortus, IT iii 92 . ¤greim (intens.): rug M. dubhghreim dian ar ubhall brághad ar S., PCT 1644 . ¤inis: i nduibinsib ind ociain, Lism. L. p. 354 ( LL 373d ). ¤lacht (pejorative): ar dhubhlacht duthain an domhnáin, TSh. 2287 . ¤laíd: Conall Cael rochanad d. `singer of a dark song', Arch. Hib. ii 71 . dubláidi dindsenchais `dark lays', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . ¤laith lit. black fluid or humour; melancholy: (g s. as adj.?) is dublathi díscir dian (of a person), MacCongl. 87 . dubhlaithe a ndeoid an domain, Harl. 5280, fo. 42a . ¤lén: an duibhlénsa this black sorrow, BS 92 . ¤lestar black vessel, name of a measure (?): dā dubhlestur deac do cormam (sic) i ndé sechtmuine (allowance of a monk), ZCP vi 271 . ¤lethar: scíath cona thugi dublethair, RC xiv 404 . ¤lia: d. fola, Acall. 6999 . ¤líath see above. ¤lind dark liquid: lónchore mór . . . d. uathmar and; mescthus béos isin duiblinn, BDD § 128 . black pool: ar dublind Brea, Dinds. 132 ( RC xvi 137 ). tar duiblinn imm Brae, ZCP iv 40 . As n.loc., name of rivers, later name of Áth Cliath Dublin: co Dublind Átha Cliath, Cog. 226 ( LL 309b19 ), LL 44b11 . Ámlaib . . . dagrí Dublindi, IT iii 15 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loch: cu glais Tamlachtae dublocho (= lacūs nigri), Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 238 ). pl. dublocha ifrind, RC xxvi 158 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loinges lit. black exile , esp. the band of Ulstermen who followed Fergus m. Roich to Connacht: toíssech don dúbhloingius la Fergus, Cóir Anm. 275 . tiaguit Connachtuid ┐ in dubluingius, RC x 226 . robris forsin dublongais, LL 44a17 . an dubhloingeas .i. an sluagh deoraidheachta dochuaidh lé Fearghus i gConnachtaibh, Keat. ii 3266 . Of an outlaw band in general: ar dteacht dubhloingis go Cruachain, 2034 . ¤luachat (intens.): ilar ṅdorcha ṅdubluachat, SR 904 . ilar na nd., RC iv 252 . ¤lochlonnach Dane (oppd. to findl. Norwegian), see gente above. ¤lus name of a herb used in med., ACL i 335 §§ 61 , 89 (prob. symphytum or comfrey , Germ. Schwarzwurz). ¤mind: mionnuighim dhíb fa na dhuibhmhionnaibh is dual damh black (i.e. solemn, awful?) halidoms, Maguires of F. § 62 (reliquary is called `in Dubhineach', § 63 ). ¤nél, SR 7418 . d. nemi, TFerbe 181 . eirach an duibhneóil írchra, Ériu i 103 § 65 . fo dhuibhnellaib, Lism. L. 2771 . ¤nóin: fuinsid anuad ó d. duinn, SG 366 . Cf. ó maidin co dubhnónaigh `black noon', i.e. midnight, Cog. 114 . ¤oenach `black assembly', a name given to the Fair of Tailtiu held by Donnchad s. of Flann Sionna, k. of Ireland (see AU 926 ): ō Patraic co d. Dondchada maic Mailsechlainn, Dinds. 99 ( RC xvi 50 ). co dubaenach nDonnchada meic Flainn, SG ii 469 . ¤raed: inmain andord tria d. dark wood, IT i 79 . ¤recht: fri dubrechtu gentliuchtae black laws of heathenry, Hy. vii ( Thes. ii 357 ). ¤reclés name of Colum Cille's oratory at Derry, LB 237a3 . in dubreicles, AU ii 153 (` penitentiary '). teora bliadna bái cen lēss | Colum ina duibregless, RC xviii 160 ; BCC § 185 . do coir (leg. comair?) an duibreicléis, ib.; AU 1166 . ¤ mighty king: Finntan . . . Senach . . . Colman . . . tri dúibríg co ngliaid gaile, Fél. lii . ¤roén dark plain (?): ba bind mo dord dar dubráen, Imr. Brain ii 290 . black (crushing) defeat (?): rodosdedaig fo dubraen, SR 6550 . fo dubroenaib, 5558 . ¤rún dark design (?): dubrúin, TBC-I¹ 1692 . ¤rota dark pigment or liquid: do d. ┐ do gual, IT iii 191 . rofothraicit for dubrodae, Dinds. 46 ( RC xv 439 ). ¤sciath, TBC-I¹ 1795 . ¤ṡesra name of a measure, RC xv 439 ( Dinds. 46 ). ¤ṡín foul weather: nosdoirtend forro . . . in duib-sin ┐ dearrtan, Aen. 224 . la toidhecht na duibhshine geimhreta, Marco P. 36 . ? inna dubthíne, ZCP viii 313.2 . ¤ṡlán defiance, challenge: dubhshlán na Féinne fughat the F. defy thee, Oss. iv 136 . thug dubhṡlan fáoi defied, Eg. Gl. 356 . ó thug sé dúbhshlán shloigh Dé bhí defied the hosts, 1 Sam. xvii 36 . Later also dullán: do dhullan faoi I challenge you to do it, Luc. Fid. 311 ; 323 , 325 . ¤ṡluag: d. détla danarda, MR 184 . ¤ṡnechta: imat duibhshnecta teintidi `fiery dark snow', Ériu ii 136 . ¤thalam: dréchtfaid an dubh[th]alamh (sic leg. with v.l.), ZCP viii 212.1 . ¤thám: a ndul uli do dubthám that they should all die of black pestilence, Ériu iv 180 . ¤thír: as n.loc., see Hog. Onom. ¤threbtha `black husbandries' (pejor.), Triads 140 . -thredan black fast (lasting three days): co ndernsat dubthrédan, RC xii 436 . bliadan dubtredain cen dig cen biad cen cotlud, RC xv 489 . arra duibtredain, ib. ¤throscad black fast, keeping a black fast: dubthroscuth (= ieiunium atrum), Ériu vii 144 . do dubtroscad iar mór-chin, RC xv 488 . arra dubtroisct[h]e, 489 . ¤thuata: don dubhthuata ignorant layman, Eochairsg. 48 . ¤urla: each dub go nd. ndub black mane, ZCP viii 228 . As n.pr. m.: do sgur Í D., ib.

See also sections (c) and (d) under proper names below.

Dub in Proper Names. As n.pr. o, m. (allegor.): Dian ┐ D.¤ is Dothur, Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . D.¤ ┐ Dobur ┐ Doirce, BB 35a10 . Common proper name: LL 322f64 , BB 149f19 , etc. gen. Duib pass. pl. tri Duib Imlig, TBC-I¹ 1484 ; 3512 ; cuig nDuibh, MR 290 . As f.: D.¤ ingen Roduib, Dinds. 26 ( RC xv 326 ). In phr. with Finn and Donn meaning a nobody : a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

Also in names of animals: in D.¤ Sainglend (a horse), FB § 31 , 43 . D.¤ Esa is Dubh thuinne | dá ech Aenghuis Angluinne, Acall. 276 . Dubh Chabhlaidh, Dubh Easa, IGT Decl. § 125 . D.¤ na Cat (name of a cat), BCC § 165 . Of bells: in d.¤ díglach (name of Caillín's bell), Fen. 412 . an D.¤ duaibsech (Colum Cille's bell), BCC § 132 . in d.¤ Temrach (Ruadán's bell), LB 260b29 ; YBL 136a26 .

Very frequent with (a) follg. qualifying adj. (b) dependent noun in gen. (c) in compounds with adj. (d) in compounds with nouns. In a number of cases it is difficult to decide the class to which a name belongs. Editors tend to print all names as compounds and in MSS. Duib- somet. replaces Dub- in genuine compounds even before non-palatal initials. In the follg. the correct form, in so far as it can be determined, has been restored silently.

(a) With qual. adj. D.¤ Daingen, BB 97d46 . gen. Duib Daingin, 98c30 . Duib Déin (gen.), SG ii 468 . D.¤ Dil, AU 1072 . Duib Duind (gen.), BB 73e52 . Duib Éitig (gen.), LL 339b15 ; BB 142e36 . Duib Feil (gen.), BB 138f8 , Fheil, LL 315a24 . Duib Leisc, Rawl. 155b24 (but Oengus Dublesc (?), 13 ). Duib Udair (gen.), BB 159a23 (see dubodar under ordinary compds.). Duib Ṡalaich (gen.), LL 323d39 . Duib Salaig, BB 186b6 = = Dubalaigh, 45 .

(b) With dependent noun in gen.: D.¤ Caille, LL 314a12 ; Rawl. 122a6 . D.¤ Cailli, BB 144a41 ; gen. Duib Chaille, 120a43 . Duib Chilli (gen.), Rawl. 89f3 . D.¤ Cluana, Anecd. i 42 ; gen. Duib Cluana, BB 126b20 = Duib Cluan, LL 313c39 . D.¤ Commair, Rawl. 142a42 ; SG ii 461 . Duib Chonnacht (gen.), Rawl. 129b11 . Duib Crích (gen.), BB 130a13 . Duib Cuan (gen.), BB 143d15 . D.¤ Cuili, BB 190b14 ; gen. Duib Chuili, 86d45 . D.¤ Daire (of the oakwood), LL 325b34 ; BB 70a35 ; gen. Duib Daire, LL 333c56 . D.¤ Dara (of the oak), LL 389a34 ; RC xviii 354 (Tig.). D.¤ Darach, Rawl. 146a47 ; BB 147a38 ; gen. Duib Darach, 114c8 . D.¤ Dísirt, LL 325h19 ; Rawl. 155a39 (Dissirt). D.¤ Díthrib, BB 131a3 ; gen. Duib Dithrib, Fianaig. 52 . Duib Dithruib, Rawl. 123a17 ; LL 314b51 . D.¤ Dothra (see Dothra), BB 91b29 ; gen. Duib Dothra, 91c22 ; Rawl. 145g28 . Duib Dubni (gen.), LL 253f60 . D.¤ Dúin, LL 326a14 ; Rawl. 153a27 ; gen. Duib Dúin, 42 . D.¤ Durlais, LL 325b31 ; D.¤ Daurlais, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Durluis, LL 340a18 ; Daurlais, Rawl. 159a28 . D.¤ Emna, AU 1053 ; LL 334a48 ; gen. Duib Emna, BB 113c9 . Duib Enaig (gen.), Rawl. 122b38 ; LL 314b13 . Duibh Esa (gen.), BB 72a25 ; Duib Essa (gen.), Rawl. 146c50 . As n.pr. f. gen. Duibhe Easa, Ériu v 64 . D.¤ Inse, Thes. ii 286.10 . Duibh Insi, AFM 814 ; indsi, 1032 ; gen. Duib Innse, BB 168a18 , ¤indse, 72b24 . ¤indsi, Rawl. 146d17 . D.¤ Lacha (f.), LL 330c61 ; BB 166a2 ; accus. Duib Lacha, 4 ; gen. Duibe Lacha, Imr. Brain i 58 ; Duibe lacho, Rawl. B. 512, 119a . D.¤ Lasra, Rawl. 151b29 . D.¤ Lenna, Rawl. 156a11 . D.¤ Lis, 127a20 . D.¤ Railbe, BB 115e14 ; AU 1130 ; gen. Duib Railbe, BB 76a14 . Dub Railbhe, 115e14 . D.¤ Rois, BB 155a19 , 182a4 ; D.¤ Ruis, 150b21 ; LL 190a9 ; gen. Duib Rois, BB 114f49 . Duib Sléibe (gen.), LL 340a50 , Rawl. 129b19 . D.¤ Sligi, BB 191a39 ; gen. Duib Sligi, 74c8 . Dubh Teamhrach inghean Bhriain, 3 C 13, 880.13 ; gen. Duibhe T., 884.4 . D.¤ Tíre, LL 327g2 , BB 149d24 ; gen. Duib Tire, 158b11 . Duib thuinne (gen.), LL 335h19 , Rawl. 161b48 . Duib Uindsenn (gen.), BB 72c8 ; Duibh Uinsenn (gen.), Rawl. 146d35 . Oft. folld. by gen. dual (see ZCP xiv 271 - 2 , xx 167-73 ): Dub Da Bairenn, Rawl. 117d53 ; Boirenn, LL 382c5 ; gen. Duib Da Bairenn, Rawl. 150a26 , b17 etc. (Davoren). Dub Da Barc, BB 147a34 ; gen. Duib D. B., 146d8 . D.¤ Da Braine, Rawl. 141b35 ; gen. Duib D. B., 159a24 . D.¤ Da Chell, LL 324c33 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 340a40 . Duib Da Colman (gen.), BB 144b4 ; Duib De (sic Facs.) Cholmáin (gen.), LL 324c59 . D.¤ Dá Chrich, LL 315a29 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 32 , Rawl. 91d37 . Duib Da Doss (gen.), Rawl. 159b31 . D.¤ Dá Inber, TFrag. 90 . D.¤ Da Letha, SR 2361 ; D.¤ D. Lethe, LL 42c44 ; D.¤ D. Lethi, 25b10 ; gen. Duib Da Lethi, LL 327e32 , Rawl. 146e20 ; D.¤ D. Leithe, 153b33 . D.¤ Da Muige, LL 328d45 ; gen. Duib Da Maige, Rawl. 160a32 . Duib Da Subne, (gen.), Rawl. 150a39 ; Dub De (sic Facs.) Subne (gen.), LL 326c8 . D.¤ Dá Thond, LL 317b44 ; gen. Duib D. Th., 341a45 . D.¤ Da Tuath, LL 381b25 ; gen. Duib Da Thuath, 33 , Rawl. 159a45 . D.¤ Da Thuile, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Da Thuili, 26 .

(c) In compds. with adj. Dubchroin (gen.), LL 313a22 . Dubfinn (f.), SG ii 487 . Duibinn, Cóir Anm. 62 ; gen. Duibinne, Duibne, ib. Dubgorm (Dub Gorm?), BB 104b48 . Dublachtna, LL 150b12 ; Rawl. 150b35 ; gen. Dublachtnai, LL 326i13 , Duiblachtnai, 337b46 (Dub Lachtna?). Dubóc, Rawl. 159a29 ; LL 340a11 ; BB 156a1 ; gen. id., LL 317a32 (Dub Óc? Dimin. of Dub?).

With adj. derived from nouns: Dubbronach, LL 318b12 . ¤dálach, Hy Fiach. 126 (family name). ¤dartach: gen. Dubdartaig, O'Gr. Cat. 645 . ¤dúnach, ¤dúinech: gen. Duibduinig, LL 352h27 = Duibdunaigh, BB 223e22 . ¤ṡínach (cf. dubṡín foul weather under ordinary compds.): gen. Duibsinaich, Rawl. 146g29 ; BB 113a49 . ¤ṡlatach, BB 94b31 ; gen. Dubslataigh, 41 ; Duibslataich, Rawl. 153b17 .

(d) In compds. with nouns. With proper name: Dubaed, Ardm. 19a1 ( Thes. ii 365 ). Dubconda, LL 326c57 ; gen. Duibchonna, 325c14 (D.¤ Chonda?). ¤chonnad (cf. Condad, Connad, Contribb.): gen. Duibchonnaid, LL 340a39 . Dubchormac, LL 326d , with note: ab hoc nomine vocatus est ideo quod pater eius obiit nascente illo. Propter memoriam mortis patris eius vocatus est Duchormac . Dubchrimthann, LL 321e63 . m. Cuirc Duibechach, 326a38 . ? Dubindrecht, Rawl. 159a41 ; Dubinrecht, 165b15 ; LL 327c24 ; gen. Dubinrecht, LL 325b13 ; Rawl. 146a22 . Duibindrecht, 150b15 , 30 . Duibinrecht, LL 321b56 ? m. Erca Dublugdech, LL 327e46 .

With other nouns: Dubainech, Rawl. 160b11 ; ? gen. húa Dubanich , RC xviii 368 . Dubchend (see under ordinary compds.), LL 323a6 ; Dubcenn, Rawl. 152b55 ; Duibcind, BB 183b46 ; Duibcinn, LL 391b15 ; Duibgend, BB 183b39 , ¤genn, 118b48 ; ¤ginn, LL 389b7 ; gen. Duibcind, Rawl. 153a56 ; Duibcinn, 1 ; Duibgind, RC xviii 337 (Tig.). Later Duibhgheann; gen. ¤ghinn, Keat. iv . Dubchrob: gen. Duibchruib, LL 327e11 . ? Dubchertan: Duibhceartan, CF 13 ; gen. Dubchertain, LL 373a30 . Dubchu, BB 76b16 ; gen. Dubchon, 18 . Duibdeochain (gen.), Fél. p. 48 ; Rawl. 89f2 = Duibdechoin, LL 351a8 . Duibdiberg (gen.), Rawl. 146c42 ; ¤dibeirg, BB 145b17 . Duibeoin (gen.), BB 141d37 , 142d28 . Dubétan, Laud 610, 105b1 ; gen. Duibedain, BB 110b38 . Dubgall (see under ordinary compds.), LL 41c66 , Rawl. 140a33 . Dubgilla, LL 40b9 ; BB 122b36 ; gen. Dubgillai, LL 314c57 , 323g55 ; Duibgillai, BB 70b48 . Dubgoband (gen.), LL 369d32 . Dublaech, BB 142a39 ; ¤laich, 74a33 ; gen. Dublaich, 49b42 . Dubloingsigh (gen.), BB 71a8 . Duibgen, BB 83a5 , 88d50 . Dubgilcach, LL 319c53 ; ZCP viii 304.19 (but Dub Gilcaich, Rawl. 148a43 ). Dubgus, Rawl. 160b48 ; gen. Dubgosa, BB 160a1 . Dublitir (dat.), Thes. ii 287.32 . Dublitter, LL 360d52 . Dublittir, AU 735 ; gen. Dublitri, LL 360c26 . Duiblitrech, ZCP iii 17 , 20 ( Rawl. 68b15 , 76a4 ). Dubluachair, LL 382a21 ; Rawl. 128a15 ; gen. Dubluachair, ib. Dubhluachra, LL 382a23 . Dubneim, BB 157b37 . Dubrind, LL 314c21 ; gen. Dubrind, 57 . Duibrind, Rawl. 123f8 (D.¤ Rind?). Duibruip (gen.), Rawl. 154d48 ; BB 160a14 . Dubroith (gen.), Lism. L. xxxi . Dubṡlat ` black rod ', BB 83a5 = Dublat, 82a30 , Dubslait, RC xvii 142 . Dubsloit, AU 554 . ¤ṡloit, CS 558 . Perh. also Duibdirma (gen.), Rawl. 146b43 ; BB 73d39 ; and Duibdligid (gen.), BB 232b6 ; Rawl. 94b48 ; Fél. p. 48 ( Duibligid, LL 351a7 ).

dubae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dubae or dil.ie/18993
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dubai, dubu, ndubai, dubai, duba(e)

n [orig. io, n. Cf. Hogan, CRR p. 183 ] (dub) n s. dubæ n-aithirge 'melancholy of repentance' Ériu xxiii 26.43 . g s. in dubai Ml. 110c9 ; Fél. Ep. 377 . d s. dubu dermar, FA § 16 ( LU 2099 ); co ndubai , SR 8298 . a s. dubai, ZCP xii 234 . Later duba(e) f.

Gloom, heaviness, grief . gl. maeror, Ml. 110c9 . for cai ┐ dubai, Ériu xii 144 § 4 (TE). duba dian ┐ toirse, SR 8166 . co nduba ┐ co torsi, Todd Nenn. 72 . co mbrón ┐ dubu dermar, FA § 16 (duba, LB). ba duba dermair frisin imper . . . in mirbuil sin, LB 236a29 . duba ┐ torrsi thromm dona genntib, PH 307 . cen brón, cen duba, cen bás, Imr. Brain § 10 . is domna dér co nduba, LL 194a4 . luc ifernnach . . . is ann do[g]nīn-si dubha , ZCP iii 34 . adbar dubha ┐ dobroin, CCath. 4389 . rob iomdha dubha ┐ dogailsi robhaoi seachnón a longport, AFM vi 2288 . ag eighiumh ┐ ag dubha dermair mourning, sorrowing , RC xiv 52 . bai d'a dith duine ag dubha , BB 59a19 .

See duibe.

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