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1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

áilid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áilid or dil.ie/1021

v (áil)

(a) In forms of address: a Chommdiu non-áiliu `o Lord whom I entreat', Fél. Ep. 559 . Osualt nóeb ṅáilme `holy Oswald whom we implore', Aug.5. epscop Iacob . . . non-áilem, July 14 . not álim a Chorán, LU 10011 . ailiu (.i. cluintí) Dia, dirged mo set, Laws i 10.15 . ailiu (.i. alim) iath ṅHerend, LL 1634 . Eber alius (.i. ro alius), 1653 . See 4 aill.

(b) requests, entreats: sic ailes som fordiuclaim . . . inna námat, Ml. 104b5 . ailme trocoiri [De], Trip.² 3092 . áilsi P. . . . ara tailced maccu C. `P. besought him to let back C.'s sons', Thes. ii 240.22 (Ardm.). āilfithuss F. `F. shall demand it', Ériu xvi 146.17 . ailsius A. A. demanded it, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 17 § 8 . áiltius n-écces go líon bertus, Ériu xiii 41.7 .i. guidhe in t-eces iar [n]imat a briathar, O'Dav. 246 . áile laith go meala maith, Ériu xiii 40.20 = ailiu laith lam co meild maith .i. guidhimsi, O'Dav. 1218. 1199 . costud sída .i. álim síd do chách .i. brithemnas do chach, LL 187a41 (cf. RC xxvi 24 ). alid in fer / concerta do chách, LU 8475 ( FB 33 ). concertfa fír foraib / feidm airg ailfes alid, 8487 (ib.). tiagam . . . co ro aileam ar n-eolus i tig ar n-athar, YBL 181a32 . almini a n-itge / náchan tecma drochrann `we pray a prayer to them that an evil lot may not happen to us', Fél. Jan. 10 . ailim th'itchi a Mhaodhoíg mhais, SG 29.34 . aílit na naeimh anti Ruadhan . . . ar co tairsiudh co cutrama friu, BNnÉ 321 § 23 . ailiu uisce co torair muir, O'Dav. 569 . ro ailestar he co ro leced dond arrucht labrad, RC xlvi 236.5 . ail dún co rodilgaithe triut ar tarmthect trogh intercede for us, Ériu i 122.7 . á.¤ x im y asks x for y: áliss P. Dubthach im damnæ nepscuip, Thes. ii 241.7 (Ardm.). ailthus Eogan imm esomon E. prays them for a truce, ZCP viii 313.5 . á.¤ x for y asks y for x: ben Adaim alainn nadchres / furri alim mo lanles, SR 1192 . ális Patraic fair ócláig n-álaind, Trip.² 2221 . ronáil fair cona tormaigfed `bound him not to add', Mon. Tall. 150.3 (§ 61) . ised rusáil Finn fuirri, RC xi 129.27 . ro ailsiot na cloimh almsain fair, BNnÉ 325 § 44 .

(c) is entitled to, deserves, requires: ni alet na daine so acht log a notrusa (.i. ni dlegaid), BCrólige 12 . atat .iiii. airig i tuaith alid annlunn . . . amal no[n]dalett miad a fer . . ., 26 . ailid carnai cach aire `every freeman . . . is entitled to fresh meat', ibid. ata .iii.[ar] i tuaith nad ale (.i. na dlig) otrus na fiachu `there are three men . . . who have no right to either nursing or fines', 43 . atá fóessam . . . nad áili acht tri séotu ara c[h]uru bél, Ériu xvii 64 § 4 . ailid nemed trian tora[i]d, Laws iv 186.1 .i. airiltnigid, x Comm. ailid gach rath a somaine, 376.19 . alidside taurgille nairib (bees), 162.1 . ma dosraid nech do gort ┐ ma alaid aithgin `? if it (the trespass) is entitled to restitution', (Plummer MS. notes), i 182.9 Comm.

ainim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainim or dil.ie/1400

Forms: hainme, anim, anmi, ainmi, ainmib, ainem, aineamh, ainimh, ainmhi, aineamh, ainimh, ainmhe

n [ā,] f. a s. anim, TBFr. 221 . g s. na hainme , Laws iii 346.21 Comm. d s. anim, LU 6099 ( TBC-I¹ 1620 ). n p. anmi, LU 3256 . a p. ainmi, Laws ii 150.6 . d p. ainmib, Trip.² 1525 . Also ainem. aineamh f. ( d s. ainimh. g s. and n p. ainmhi), IGT Decl. § 54 (a s. aineamh in exx. 1379, 1382, 1388 is marked lochdach). ainimh f. ( d s. id. g s. and n p. ainmhe), § 150 . See Ériu xix 117 .

Blemish, defect: ail ┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC-LL¹ 3020 . ár níbá hada rí co n-anim hi Temraig, LU 4056 . uair dígebthair thall a lochta ┐ a n-anmi ara corpaib, 2622 . coínsit [dá baccach] a ndíorpus ar a n-ainmib their disinheriting because of their defects, Trip.² 1525 . ité téora anmi fil for mnaib U. .i. cluíne ┐ minde ┐ guille, LU 3257 ( SCC 5 ). bean fora fuirmither ainim coisc punitive blemish(?), Laws v 292.21 . indscuchad ainme na ro ictar a reir breitheaman no leaga departure owing to a blemish which cannot be healed (valid reason for divorce), 296.17 . do galaraib bunaidh, no d'ainmib incleithi, ii 362.11 Comm. altrum cen ainmi, 150.6 . sóera ainme / essóera ícce (of women), Tec. Corm. § 16.29 . ferr bās bithainim, Anecd. iii 19.18 . saoth liom gan t'aineamh orainn (addressed to a blind man), Dánta Gr. 28.1 . O'C. do bhathadh . . . ┐ bá d'ainimh a dhaithe roimtigh because of his clumsiness, AFM v 1706.8 . tuba ainme reproaching a person for a physical defect: isin tuba nainme do rigned re Fergus, Laws i 68.16 . no cipedh cinel aire .i. in glaim dicenn .i. in tuba nainme, no in lesanmad, 240.21 Comm. tuba na hainme, iii 346.21 Comm. nóad ainme making known a blemish (a species of lampoon): noad ainme, Laws v 228.28 .i. urdarcugadh na hainme, 232.10 Comm. Cf. noudh ainmhe .i. leasainm, O'Dav. 1287 . Of a moral defect: fer cin ainim .i. cin ēd, cin omun, cin neoid, ZCP i 104.6 . an triath go n-ainimh (of Lucifer), DDána 35.7 . a ngabāil tar a n-ainme (of women), ZCP viii 113.10 . ní léir d'aon a ainimh féin, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 1 .

Extended uses: ní thuig sé ainimh nó urchóid an éaga calamity(?), TSh. 747 . is anim dún nad-fil is 'taig it is the worse for us, Sc.M² 16 . Cf. lór d'ainimh alas, DDána 29.11 . In follg. rather scandal, reproach: bid a.¤ ón ém do ṡochaidi (i.e. the making a bishop of Dubthach), Trip.² 2228 . ní ha.¤ rí óc eslobar, BDD² 162 . anim do neach bith cen tech, Mór M. 266.14 . In concrete sense defective article: ni renar nach a.¤ do-lece domaine i trebad, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 24 § 6 . Of persons: ar ro batar tri ainmi la Ulto .i. Conall Cloen ┐ Cuchulainn Goll ┐ Cuscraid Mend, RC viii 60.13 .

ar-sissedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-sissedar or dil.ie/4312
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: arasissiur, arasissedar, arasisedar, -airisedar, arasissetar, -airesetar, arsissethar, -airissedar, arsissinn, aurisfemmar, [a]r-siasar, ar-sesar, arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, ar[s]isestar, -airsir, ar-sesatar, ar-said, arroissisiursa, arroisestar, arosiuir, aroisir, arrosir, tarrasair, -arrasar, arrastair, arrasair, airisid, airisem

v ( air-siss-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arasissiur, Ml. 41c3 . 3 s. arasissedar, 51b13 . arasisedar, Sg. 213b2 . -airisedar, 139b1 . 3 pl. arasissetar, Ml. 39b11 , 77b3 . -airesetar, Sg. 209b19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. arsissethar (arsissetar MS), Ml. 120d19 . -airissedar, 131b4 . Subj. impf. 1 s. arsissinn, Ml. 44d26 . Fut. 1 pl. aurisfemmar, LL 13935 . ? Pret. 2 s. [a]r-siasar (-ir, -iur), Ériu xvi 179 § 1 , § 2 , § 3 . ar-sesar, xix 82 § 1 (or perh. subj. pass. sg. (with jussive sense) of ar-said, ib. 86 n. ). arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, O'Dav. 93 . ar[s]isestar, Ériu i 215.1 . -airsir, Mon. Tall. 150.28 . 3 pl. ar-sesatar , Ériu xix 83 § 7 (or subj. pass. pl. of ar-said, ib. p. 86 n. ). Perf. 1 s. arroissisiursa, Études Celt. xl 74 ( Ml. 88a9​ ). 3 s. arroisestar, 18d16 . arosiuir, RC xiv 245.5 , 246.19 ( arosisir, YBL 212b19 ). aroisir, 246.24 . arrosir, BB 499b36 = tarrasair, Alex. 1035 . -arrasar, LU 5811 = arrastair, TBC-I¹ 1340 . arrasair, LU 6621 .

Later as simple vb. airisid. IGT Verbs § 65 .

Vn. airisem.

Stays, stands fast, rests, remains: dú inairesetar `where they remain', Sg. 209b19 . mani airissedar ind lam fri talmain, Ml. 131b4 . roairisius-[s]a, Ériu iv 134.14 . airisiu sund bic co fessur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1399 . focherdat a trí cóecta bunsach fair ┐ arsisetar isin scíath slissen uli lesseom they all stick, LU 4875 (TBC). is amlaid ata in firmamint im talmain i nairisidh, Laws i 28.25 Comm. co ro airis in long sin n-inud irrabi, LL 221b49 . aursa .i. airisi .i. arsisidar in tech fuirre, Corm. Y 35 . a roísir a láim forsan ersaind in tṡída, YBL 212b24 ( RC xiv 246.24 ). arsised íarum a cos Maile duin for folaig n-athloisc[th]e na hecailsi, RC ix 458.4 . atsisithar (arsisithar .i. doan) sist forsin port oc déchsain na hingine, ZCP v 524.28 (= assisedar, IT i 131.21 ). adre[ith] in sliabh foran sliabh n-aill ┐ airisis air remained there, Marco P. 8 . fairisidh a bhuime ┐ a aide la hUltu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 44.8 . ro loisccsed . . . Tuaim . . . ar na hairisdís Goill inntibh, AFM iii 34.x . do chuinghidh ferainn i n-oirisfemais, BNnÉ 298 § 43 . oirisit hi ffarradh Colmain, 299 § 43. comhnaigit ┐ airissit immorro an oidche sin., Fl. Earls 110.9 . airisidh agam `stay', Content. ii 7 . sréid Fergus Dubthach úad iarsin co n-arrasair di sruib fri budin anall alighted, LU 6621 . cona hédadh barr na bili . . . forsa n-airsed, Ériu xii 154.20 . ar-sesar Conchubar cētath `sat in the front seat', Ériu xix 82 § 1 . arsiasiur ri Mumhen mordescert fledtáighi, Ériu xvi 179 § 3 . arseser .i. dofeser ara belaib som isin carpat, O'Curry 508 (H 3.18, 258). ? arsiasaighther .i. innsaighi: ut est arsiasaither a bráthair Mugain .i. indsaigi ar amus a brathar, O'Dav. 93 . In sense of stops, desists, gives up: arsisetar na hoic ┐ rethaid ina suidi, IT ii1 174.17 . arsisetar (leg. arsisethar or arsisedar, ed.) Cuchulaind . . . ┐ angid na h-ocu C. desists and spares the youths(?), 175.48 . ? cach duine aridsisither ┐ nachid nanaigh, Laws iv 362.24 . Halts, delays: ni ro airisius co h-Ailech N. `I did not stay till . . .', MR 36.5 . ni ro hairiseadh leo go rangattar go dúrlas, AFM iii 16.1 . nīr hairissedh leō go riachtsat gusin Edāill, Fl. Earls 120.9 . Folld. by cen and vn.: ní oirisedh . . . gin triall a ndail Cublay insisted on going, Marco P. 85 . roairis go ceann na ree sin gan toidheacht don mhainisdeir he did not visit the monastery, ZCP v 495.7 . Endures, persists: arrosir a crodattu, BB 499b36 (= tarrasair, Alex. 1035 ). arsisither .i. tairisi, ut est nach mac soirche ┐ rl. arsisither a cin ┐ a rathas, O'Dav. 95 . fri re secht la airisis in ciaich sin, Marco P. 10 .

Other uses: airm i n-arrasar a n-uma don cletiniu where the copper separated (?) from the javelin, LU 5811 = fochuridar a úma don chlettin, TBC-LL¹ 2073 = do cuiredh a umha [don chleitin], TBC St. 1847 . ind adarc dub bis mon gai is di arsisidar in gai imtha is amlaid arsisidar in indsce don trediu sa .i. ise isi ised is attached, Auraic. 1622 . cech ní atbera frib-si cretid uli do ┐ airissid fair keep to it, LB 151b13 . conid he ni for ar airis a menma that is what they decided, LB 157a41 . airis rit muntir a mic na flatha stand fast by, LL 297a47 ( SG 364.40 ). airisid fén fri fulang cecha doccumlai `continue to endure', PH 2406 . airised rium do mhenma give me your attention, RC xxxvii 345 § 10 . gach oen airisfes frib `whoever shall oppose you', CCath. 5163 . is o chorp ┐ nemchorp ro airis it consisted, Laws i 26.10 . airim forbthi in sin, uair airissid o choitibh co coir it consists of factors, Auraic. 1446 . a athair oiris gut chéill / . . . / breth dírech as dú do fhlaith `stand fast by thy wisdom', SG 124.33 . ni ro-airis-[s]ium oc forcetul `he did not leave off preaching', PH 2552 . airisis . . . ag dion, MR 274.15 . airis Fintan ic sloind seanchassa, Ériu iv 150.11 . airis for céill remain reasonable, FDG² 2.54​​​​​ .

Trans. cinnas ḟuirechlem cinnas aurisfemmar clessu, LL 13935 . ro airis Dia athair betha dó preserved his life, LB 157a47 .

berrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. berrad or dil.ie/5724
Last Revised: 2013

n u, m. vn. of berraid.

(a) In phr. b.¤ airechta `a survival of the earlier wider meaning' (of b.¤ ), `a denominative vb. formed fr. . . . berr short . . . synopsis, abridgement . . .', O'Brien, Ériu xi 88 , 89 . b.¤ here = summa, Meroney, Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 189. berrad (berr-, MS., wrongly emended to bretha, ZCP xiii 19.26 ) airechta, title of law tract, Bürgschaft 5.13 . amhail do rime a mberrudh airechta, O'Curry 1029 (H. 3.18, 433a). aignis lais uile ┐ nascairecht ┐ b.¤ (of the `aighni airechta'), O'Curry 813 (H. 3.18, 375b). na Bearradha Féine ad-fias `I will relate the abridgments of Irish law ´ Sages, Saints and Storytellers 165 § 6 .

(b) act of cutting, clipping (hair), shaving: b.¤ ná folcad, ná fothrucud `shaving', Ériu ii 200.29 . Moen . . . fer berrtha mac Miled . . . Berramuin .i. muín i commaín berrtha, LL 22248 ( Bodl. Dinds. 25 ). fēsóg do gherra[dh] gan sgīan berrtha gl. (B. na f.) gan altain, ZCP v 488 § 3. fuba berrtha .i. luag fige `the `f.' of napping' (cloth), Laws i 152.7 Comm. a monga do bhearradh to clip their hair, TSh. 5599.

(c) act of tonsuring; tonsure: asbert Dubthach fri Pátricc tair dum b.sa, Thes. ii 241.12 . ord bertha `the regular time of tonsure', Mon. Tall. 137.11 . b.¤ moga slave's tonsure , O'Mulc. 726. berradh manaigh . . . b.¤ mogadh, Trip.² 250.

(d) style of cutting of hair, hence head of hair, hair: forthí berrtha forro . . . berrtha núa léo . . . berrtha lethna léo (styles of cut worn respectively by three successive groups), TBC-LL² 157 , 161 , 165 . trí cruindberrtha foraib it é comlebra for cúl ┐ étan, BDD² 746. bearradh .i. grúag, O'Cl. húasa b. buide-chas, BDD² 1023. duiphithir daol dath a berrda, Auraic. 3497. bas eitir a u (.i. a cluas) ┐ a berrath (.i. mullach a chinn) `a handsbreadth between his ear and his beard (or hair),' Manners and Customs iii 107 n.68 (H. 1.15, 955.7). dorónadh rothnúall corcra óa bhonn góa bherradh dhe, Ériu v 76.22 .

(e) In phr. b.¤ geóin: tugadh . . . / bearradh geóin ar Choin gCulainn a mocking shearing, Dánta Gr. 70.18 . See also s. gén. na fechadh in prelaid do berradh geoine `fools' tonsure' (Gloss.), ITS xxix 201.19 .

breithemnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithemnas or dil.ie/6706

Forms: brithemnas, breitheamhnas

n u and o, m. (breithem) O. Ir. brithemnas. breitheamhnas m., IGT Decl. § 38 (88.2) .

(a) adjudication, judgment; jurisdiction . See Thurneysen, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 12 , Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi (C) 272 n.1 . cid i n-agar breithemnus berla Feini ? . . . i fir ┐ dliged ┐ aignead, Laws v 2.1 ` jurisprudence ', Mac Neill, loc. cit. ro herbadh do Dubthach tasfenad breithemnusa ┐ uile filidechta Eirenn `D. was ordered to exhibit the judgments . . . of Erin', Laws i 14.z Comm. conid hé (sc. Dubthach macú Lugair) ro taisfen filidecht ┐ brethemnas ┐ recht fer n-Erend . . . hi fíadnaisi Patraic, LU 9777. atait secht tacarta tacrus breithem, na fairben log einech, na beir as a breithemnus ` brehonship ', Laws v 252.7 .i. as a ollamnas a ndenam, 15 . Commbreitheamnus, ┐ imdenum, ┐ fiadnaise don ḟlaith for a a daercheilaib `(power to pronounce) judgment', ii 344.14 Comm. breitheamnus . . . don eclais for a manchaib, 30 Comm. rigi . . . do chlandaib Luigdech ┐ brithemnas do chlandaib Auluim, co roimchla líth . . .: rige dogrés la clannaib A. ┐ breithemnus dogres la clandaib L., Ériu iii 140.10 , 12 . Luigith Cosc i mbreithemnus, 15 . Giolla Arnáin . . . ollamh Erenn i mbreithemhnus do écc `chief Ollave (professor) of law', AFM iii 188.2 . am éolach in cech breithemnos fírén `just judgement', Ériu iv 134.24 . casáin an bhreitheamhnuis = the paths of judgment, Proverbs ii 8. bí cuimhneach ar mo bhreitheamhnas-sa (= memor esto iudicii mei), TSh. 643. do láthair bhreitheamhnais do dhéanamh ar Chríost, 3208 . do chúisibh drochamharais ┐ breitheamhnais mhearrdhántha of rash judgment, Desid. 1753. With FOR: sét . . . a brithemnasa for m(b)ruigrecht a s. for his adjudication on land-law (one of the qualifications contributing to the honour-price of the `bóaire febsa'), Críth G. 164. With IMM: breithemnus so berar umun cumaithecus judgment that is pronounced concerning, etc., Laws iv 68. 6 Comm.

With beirid: b.¤ so do berar itir barr in isilneimidh ┐ maigne in isilneimidh, ┐ fear bunaidh na mbech, Laws iv 188.12 Comm. Note further: bíom fad bhreitheamhnas `let me be subject to thy judgement', Aithd. D. 34.15 . bíodh fad bhreitheamhnas `accept it (a eulogy) . . . or . . . consider it', 33.8 .

Med. indication: ni hann gac aoinchneidh ata bretheamhnus mór aige (sc. an teas) chum maithiusa (= indicium), 23 K 42, 69.19 .

(b) Particularly (Doomsday) Judgment: niurt a thóiniuda fri brithemnas mbrátho `for the Judgment of Doom', Thes. ii 355.2 . breithem an breitheamhnais (of God), ZCP viii 199.25 . lá an bhreitheamhnuis `Day of Judgment', Donlevy 484.12 .

1 cenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenn or dil.ie/8622
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cend, ch., cenna, ciunn, cinn, cenda, cinnu, cind, cind, cinnu, cionn, ceann, cionn, cionn, ceinn

n o, n., later m. n p. cend, LU 9385 . ? a p. ch.¤ , Sg. 54a11 . n a p. usually cenna. On d s. ciunn, cinn see GOI 177 . For masc. infl. in pl. cf. a p. cenda, TBC-I¹ 483 = cinnu, LU 4970 . n p. cind, FA 22 LB. cind `chiefs', Laws v 440.23 . a p. cinnu, LL 8132 . In later lang. both cionn (O. Ir. ciunn) and ceann occur in d s. (see Donl., Párl. na mB.), the former mainly in fixed prepositional expressions (ós cionn , etc.). a s. cionn, Beatha S. F. 2567 . g s. ceinn, Párl. na mB. 535 , n p. Keat. i 196.15 . IGT Decl. § 65 .

Note also: for ar ceinn, Vita Br. 24 . in ch.¤ cleasach . . . Tesifóne, MR 168.6 . iar ndenamh creiche chinne maghair (n. loc.), AFM iv 1356.6 .

I The human head, head of an animal .

1 cend a uerbo graeco .i. gennome (γίνομαι) .i. nascor, O'Mulc. 217 . donchind gl. capiti, Gild. Lor. 102 . du-uic in foiltne i ndiad in chínn, Ml. 84c24 . mani roima fora c.¤ ní mema forsna bullu, 89c11 . beim a cinn fri cloich, 139c3 . ammi corp do Crist et is c.¤ som duunni, Wb. 5d2 . airmitiu féid in chinn, 7d14 . cen chaille fora ciunn, 11c9 . in boill dó ass ón chiunn, 22a17 . adart foch., Sg. 198a10 . dim chinn, Blathm. 95 § 17 . oc folcad chinn a athar, Vita Br. 15 . airecc cinn Iohannis, Fél. Feb. 27 . contt cēill ciunn curp in sense, reason, head and body , ZCP vi 258.10 . rochromsat a ccinnu, ZCP xiv 234.5 . imruidbed mo tenga as mo chind, Ériu ii 102 § 9 . madit a shuili inna cinn, 122 § 61 . amhuil chinn ina bhalluibh, Luc. Fid. 3454 . Of a head of hair: ceinn-fhionna (sic) do bhíodh ar fhearaibh Éireann re n-a linn `white heads', Keat. i 196.15 (see cenann).

2 In phrase with follg. gen. forming n. pr.: Coirpri Cind cait Cathead , Cóir Anm. 241 . C.¤ Fáelad Wolfhead , see Corp. Gen. 541 - 2 . Cend Ghegain, IT iii 101 § 183 . Finguine mac Laeghaire Cenngégain, Cog. 18 (see also s.v. cinnchucán). Eochaidh cendmhairc Horsehead , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 6.8 . da ingin dec ailella cind nathrach Snakehead , Rawl. 134b18 .

3 Of the head cut off in battle: fris-cithsead far cenna díb, BDD² 869 . tri laíchcind . . . im chend do chétmeic, LL 13149 (Sc.M2). co fargaibhset xl c.¤ lais, AFM i 498.2 . So in phr. ár c.¤ = ár: co fargaibset ár cend aicce, LL 2536 . cor' ben a ngabala dib ┐ ár cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 .

4 Attrib. g s.: na heónu / cosna ceólu cinn-sin (sic leg.) shrill notes, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.68 . Cf. gotha cinn . . . ag báinealtoin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 . See Études Celt. iv 397 . iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna front legs , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . nocha bán-bhéim acht cneadh chinn head-wound, serious wound , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.9 . ? secht ccumala cinn, Ériu xiii 22.24 . gilla cinn eich gl. auriga, Ir. Gl. 17 . laicce chinn, RSClára 4a . go mbeith rith chinn ré fānaidh aco ar gach n-aon eile would completely outdistance, would utterly rout(?), Párl. na mB. 99 .

Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 , cites BDD² 886 and We. parallels in support of a meaning mouth.

5 In various idiomatic phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind at the top of her voice, SR 3215 . conā fāgad inad a chind for bith that he might find no abiding-place, TBC-I¹ 2214 . o cionn co fonn from tip to toe, Blathm. 152 . nom-loiscc eter chend is choiss completely , Ériu vii 223 § 34 . dia cennaib ┐ cosaib utterly, entirely , LB 115b42 . bein cinn fri hald `striking a head against a cliff' (of wasted labour), RC xii 96 § 127 . co ro benad a tech dia chind `unroofed his house', RC xxiv 46 § 4 . roloiscedh . . . a ndúin . . . ina cendaibh, Ériu v 158.215 . a ndiaidh a gcinn headlong , Donlevy xviii 25 . an ceann fá dhruim head first (coffin lowered into grave), Dán Dé xxix 7 . co mbiat cend ar díb cendaib (of a fierce battle), TTr.² 907 . ar ba `c.¤ i mbolg' . . . do ṡil Adhuimh were in complete ignorance, Ériu ii 98 § 1 = ba-c.¤ a-coim, RC xxiv 369.6 , cf. Études Celt. vi 201 . cend i cotlud a peaceful death(?), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ? ní bheinn teann ar chlíabh a cill / sní bhíadh mo cheann a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 . c.¤ a ngabal `head in fork' (bad behaviour in a horse), Laws iii 180.18 Comm. c.¤ i láp see láp. c.¤ i, fo muine see 1 muine. ? fír, ol Óengus, Fergas cend fo raithin, Trip.² 1495 .

6 Of a single animal, etc.: do mac Loigsiu pa mōr ngō / ar in āincend an cēt mbō, ACL iii 2.12 . Note also: aon bhuaidhreadh amháin . . . an dara ceann, De Imit. 29.23 . ? robii cosnom im oenchend `there may be strife about one head' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1730 .

7 Various: ceann cait owl , Párl. na mB. 1452 . go dul tar ceannaibh cuan, Measgra D. 48.8 ` billow, breaker ', Gloss.

8 In various idioms with prec. vb.: ni mo tarrthus cend furre no forin gaeth `it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind', Aen. 649 . do-fócaib c.¤ appears see do-fócaib (D 269.36 ff.). ? immicurtis iarum cenna sechaiseom darsi ṅGairb sair ┐ siar eter Laigniu ┐ Ossairge, LL 36728 . tug a ch.¤ a n-inisle iomagallaimhe orra `entered into converse', ITS v 112.17 . no indsaiged in Troianda . . . congebead cend in Grecdai ┐ no indsaiged in Grecda . . . co ngebid cend in Tr. ┐ combdis cind ar cind, BB 435b22 .

9 Of buildings roof: ni rabi cenn for tempul Fidnacha in tan-sin, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . c.¤ co claradh oir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 . c.¤ Frangcach `a ribbed vault, a groined roof ' (Meyer Contribb.), AU iii 161.8 . don chend luaidhe boí for tempall an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.16 . Note also: roclúdadh na lestra fóa ccennuibh covers, tops , Ériu xiii 24.22 .

II End, end-point, termination.

10 In concrete applications: c.¤ cridi gl. uiscus, uisceris, Sg. 111b5 . nóe cend nine tips(?), LU 9835 . achind dochnama, IT iii 103.19 . a-cinn a-cruibh, RC xxiv 377.1 , .3 . cennæ na ngái, Liad. and Cuir. 12.9 . ceand muilind `the head of a mill', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 3 ( Laws iv 214.29 Comm. ). laim re ceand in droichid, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 10 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . mó ná cliab co cendaib dés ` sheaves ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.81 . do bhalad cinn én coinnle, RC xxiv 383.33 . dealg do chennaib óigsgech, IGT Decl. ex. 1082 . Metr. aisde cind tṡinte, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 48 , 49 . co casbairn chinn truim, Decl.ex. 623 (see cenntromm).

11 Of territories: a tá isin chionnsa thes (of a hill), SG 118.10 . isin c.¤ ba nesa dó don tír, AFM vi 2056.19 . i cind Maige Dála at the end of Magh Dala, Ériu i 132.74 . Of journeys: a gceann uidhe their objective, O'Hara 1241 . ceann bhar gcoimhleanga, DDána 74.56 . is iomdha slighe . . . / 's a ceann go magh nimh a-nonn, Dán Dé xxiii 4 .

12 Abstract applications: ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim let me not hold mine own bridle, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . sa chionn cunntuis in the account, Fl. Earls 90.13 . ní ricfa c.¤ scéoil úainne tar tech not a whisper of it will get out of this house, TTr.² 1796 . Of time: ar c.¤ fri c.¤ Enair `our end against the head of January' (i.e. 31 Dec. and 1 Jan.), Fél. Ep. 8 . c.¤ do shaoghail, BNnÉ 293 § 12 v.l. For sa cheann cháol etc. see cáel. do cheann don dáil `what you shall get in this affair', Content. xxvii 15 .

13 Of the end or completion of an affair, etc.: foruirmed c.¤ forsnaib cotarsnaib gl. aduersa nostra . . . constant inpleta, Ml. 74c20 . ni tucthar c.¤ essib gl. genelogís interminatís, Wb. 27d22 . oc tabairt chind for airimmeirt sluaigh ┐ shochaidhi, TTr.² 310 ( LL 400b10 ). cend ┐ forcenn air sin that's enough of that(?), Acall. 5361 . ní bia cend for th'ermitin `there shall be no limit to thy dignity', Celtica iv 16.180 .

III Of persons, chief, head person, leader.

14 Legal: nad cennaib coirib comallat, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 `cond . . . den voll Geschäftsfähigen. Die andern haben einen cond als c. `Haupt' über sich, der sie `unterstüzt', für sie in ihren Sachen spricht, etc. ', 380 . rí bunaid cach cinn, Críth G. 447 `caput, head of family, individual', Vocab. fortét cech c.¤ ba tressa(i) inní bes étressa, 474 . c.¤ caich iar nduinib i fine besid sruithe, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278.21 ). cend cartus a memar a chief who rejects his tenant, Laws v 164.19 Comm. dlegaid cind cuindreach `the chiefs are bound to rectify', 440.23 . cach cind (sic MS) a chonrach, ACL iii 227.31 .

15 In non-legal contexts: cend do ḟeraib Herenn Patraic, Thes. ii 326.32 (Hy. iv gl.). for bélaib a cind ┐ a tigernad, Alex. 274 . M. . . . fa chend ar clēirchib, ZCP viii 120.5 . na cinn clāena cin crābud `the wicked, impious chiefs', Ériu iii 30 § 8 . a cheann féin `his Master', PBocht 11.20 .

16 With follg. noun in gen. indicating category of persons: c.¤ bocht almoner (?), AU ii 32.4 . c.¤ cáid caillech n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . cend degban is deorad, SG 64.35 . c.¤ fedna see fedan. c.¤ fine head of family or clan: lochdach an Róisdeach achd ón chionn fhine, IGT Decl. 7.14 . da ch.¤ fhine ina ionad, AFM iv 1146.16 . i ndioghail a ccind ḟine, iii 404.z . i ndegaid in chinn manach the abbot, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . c.¤ in réclessa, Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 . c.¤ sluag fer Fáil, Trip.² 1793 v.l. Cf. also: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753 .

17 With follg. gen. of abstr.: c.¤ athchomairc see athchomarc. ar gceann bāidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cend cathaigthe as chalma ro bai do Leith Mogha battle-leader , RC xviii 11.24 . a Chind, coisc na crích (a chind coisc ?), Ériu vii 221 § 22 . nach ben forsa-mbe c.¤ comuirle (i.e. husband, Thurn.), ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . cend crabaid ermoir Erenn paragon of piety, RC xxvi 362.2 . gan chend cundraid na comairle rempo, LL 12344 (TBC). uair robesin cend gaili . . . sluaig, Cog. 194. 29 . c.¤ ecna . . . iartair domain, CS 320.9 . c.¤ cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . in bandea ingen Terrae cend scaílti scél in betha chief disseminator of news, LL 31001 (TTr.). a chend sochair slúaig Ulad chief benefactor, MU² 58 . In follg. perh. headquarters, centre : uail (= bhail) itā ceand in cogaidh, ZCP viii 115.18 . baili i mbai cend ídlachta ┐ druídechta na Héirenn, Trip.² 431 . flaitheas Dé is ceann chomhsanta dhúinne, Eochairsg. 98.25 ( end, goal ?).

IV Used in a wide variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

18 cinn at the end of (see 33, 40, 52) (ciunn, cinn, dative without preposition, GOI 537 ): cinn rehe gl. secundum hoc tempus, Wb. 4c11 . cinn blíadnae at the end of a year, Fél. Sept. 17 . cind .ix. mís, LU 1662 . cind in tres laí, 7977 (BDD). cind cethri ndíni `at the end of four genera- tions', Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . cind mile bliadan, Ériu ii 132 § 109 .

19 In phr. cinn chomair: nó huachiunn chomair gl. e rigione `or, from before', Ml. 119a9 (`von dem Anfang der Richtung', Ped. KZ xxxv 435 ). fri re mis cind comar, AU ii 88.x . Usually of place (see 28, 31): cinn chomair gl. contra (solem), BCr. 33c17 . for in phurt cind chomair dó `opposite to him', RC xiv 406.1 ( LL 12675 ). cind comair frissin ṁbeist n-amnais, LL 398b18 = cinnchomair, TTr.² 148 . i cinncomair friu opposite them, CCath. 5561 . ro badhusa cind comraic riusom, Acall. 6795 . Cf. i comair chind airtherthuascertaig, LL 3865 = hi comardus cind, etc., RC xv 283 § 29 .

Usually with prec. prep. In the follg. sections the arrangement is according to the preceding preposition, with which an adverbial in addition to a prepositional phrase is frequently formed. In a number of cases meanings under various prepositions coincide.

With A.

20 In sense of ós ciunn (60): asa chind guarding him, Metr. Dinds. iv 358.94 . ata M. . . . asa mo chind-sa oc fúr m'anma, PH 806 . batar a cind na cathrach who were over the city, 2488 . In diff. sense: as a cheann féin `of his own Head' (of his own accord), Donlevy 330.16 . The follg. are obscure (leg. ar for as in one or more of the exx. ?): cen ascur sáitha asa chiunn `without remission of tribulation from His presence(?)' (in store for him ?), Wb. 25d16 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a pardus dochum gortæ ┐ bochtæ . . . ┐ bais ┐ hifirn asa cind `thenceforth', Ériu vii 164 § 8 . ? gidh bé do cuir asa chionn `it matters not whom he drove from his head' (Notes), Duan. F. i 32.20 . Perh. in literal sense: in t-ēolus-[s]a rádi rimm, / ferr duit nā cloisti as do chínn, ZCP xiii 3 § 2 .

With AR (see also 42).

21 ar chenn with vbs. of motion towards, in the direction of, to meet (see 39, 45): ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara c.¤ `to meet them', Ml. 15c8 . condaáerset do failti ar ch.¤ a rríg to welcome their King, 46a12 . ara cénn gl. occurrentes, 60d5 . do-luid in biail arithissi ar ch.¤ inna samthige came back to the handle, Tur. 131 . techt ar ch.¤ Crist, Wb. 25d25 . co toracht Emain Macha ar cend Conchobair, LU 8073 ( FB 4 ). ní-s-cuirfind techta ar dho chend-sa, PH 450 . canat biet in alltair / ar ch.¤ clocáin don phroindtig at the sound of the refectory bell, Ériu iii 102 § 28 . gearr go dtiocfa teachtaire / . . . / ar do cheann, DDána 56.1 . docuaidh . . . arcinn na conuire a ticcidh aran sliabh `went to the road', ZCP vi 56.8 . Cf. airg ┐ áird-leasdair . . . do chomdhlúthúghadh ar cheann na céd aimsire do thairrngir D. . . . dhóib `against', ML 6.25 .

22 Of going to meet in battle: ara chend dait a Fergus, LU 6698 . rotbīa F. . . . ar ndul ar c[h]end ind ḟir ucut, TBC-I¹ 1247 (LU).

23 In sense of going or coming for, to fetch someth.: is ar ch.¤ focheda dodechommar `to meet suffering', Wb. 25a12 . tecat ar ch.¤ in chon co sochruid to fetch the hound, Sc.M² 4 . dula uaimm ar do chend-su to fetch you, PH 446 . teacht ar ceand cind duine isinn ārmuig, RC xxiv 58 § 18 . in lind ara tánac c.¤ the water for which thou camest, Ériu iv 106.7 . ? ochd bhféinnidhe as ḟearr a n-ágh / ar ceann t'éindighi d'fúarán, IGT Decl. ex. 1333 . socraiti do dol . . . ar cend artraige dochum Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 . Note also: do lleblaing int écne ara chend (ref. to ordnasc f.), TBFr. 208 , cf. Meyer Contribb., Fraech p. 35 .

24 In meanings of tar c.¤ (66-70) (confusion of prepp.): cuirtha cumtaige ara cend `buildings were overthrown', KMMisc. 152.62 . ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne, Anecd. i 42.9 . tagra . . . do thagras ar cheann Mumhan on behalf of, Content. xviii 12 .

25 ar chiunn of time in the future, afterwards, later : frisnaccai archiunn gl. ad aliquam rem, Ml. 53b23 . artha ciúnn són gl. in posteram, 132a3 (see note). ar chinn gl. adhuc, Wb. 2a9 . archiunn . . . diéis gl. siue ante seu retro, BCr. 31b4 - 5 . ar oman imtormaich ina pecad ar chiund future sins, Ériu xix 58 § 6 . in maith iar cind future good, LU 9889 (for ar ch.¤ ?). rogabsat flaith ar chiund from then on, ZCP viii 313.21 . doairchaintis . . . anno bíth ar chind dóib, Trip.² 327 . ? mod airchiund di lubair a disposition ready for work(?), Rawl. B 512, 40c (Plummer MS. notes).

26 ar chiunn as quasi-adj. of points of time next, following, ensuing (in later lang. somet. with (i)ar in this use): san aidhchi ar chínd, BB 39b6 . co belltaine ar cind, BColm. 92.2 . an bliadhain ar ccionn, Leb. Gab.(i) 56.4 . isin laithe ar ccind, 146.2 . In later lang. also as prep. with poss. in this sense: go medhōn oidhche buī ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 8.20 . go Bealltaine ar a gcionn till the following May, Keat. ii 3137 . See 38 .

27 ar chiunn in textual reff. below, in what follows; later, following : forsin canoin ar chiunn `on the following Scripture passage', Ml. 54c34 . trachtad . . . forsa nouit ar chiunn `on nouit that follows', 64a7 . in testimin ar chiunn `the following text', 104b3 . titul in dligid ar chinn, Wb. 10a12 . ata ní ar chiunn, Sg. 39b10 .

28 ar chiunn in front of, before (see 19): córus dúne ríg . . . ar chi[u]nn a thúaithe, Críth G. 566 `vis-à-vis', Vocab. bui siom oc huamim ara cind `before her', Mon. Tall. 149.18 . co nacca ara chind in fer, TBC-I¹ 448 . Cf. muir ara cendaib, in nem huasa ṁbennaib, 3006 . amail nobeith beo ar a chind as if he were alive in front of him, ACL iii 5.5 .

29 ar chiunn awaiting, ready for, in anticipation of (someone or someth. arriving): biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg gl. eliuamini, portae aeternales, Ml. 46a7 . ni farnic-sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . ar ar ciunn-[n]i `against our coming', 25a33 . anais ar cionn antsluaigh `waited for', Blathm. 102 § 41 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine ara cind `on their arrival', Mon. Tall. 162.30 . aínínbuidh na fuair acht triur ar a chinn thall isin fíne (of a man who has joined or rejoined the tribe from outside), Laws iv 294.26 Comm. ar cinn ṡamraid at the arrival of summer, ZCP vii 310 § 8 . dá rabh a Rí na glóire / . . . / do mhaor ar chionn na coinnmhe / liom if Thy steward receive the company, Dán Dé xiv 11 . ar cinn chamhárach before daybreak, IGT Decl. ex. 1195 . ar cinn in lae, Fier. 135 . With petrified masc. poss.: arna beith ar a chind `in her way', RC xi 452.2 , cf. Meyer Contribb.

30 ar chiunn of time in store for (see 51): a fil ar mo chiunn gl. ad destinatum, Wb. 24a15 . cén bes fine ar a cinn as long as he has descendants, Laws iv 240.19 Comm. a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn the destiny which awaits us, Ériu i 68.12 . fuair Poimp bas ┐ fuair cidh Cesair ara cind afterwards, CCath. 8308 .

31 ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn face to face, at grips (see 19, 54): atraig cach fer di alailiu . . . co m-bátar cind ar chind is taig, IT i 67 (LMU). fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud . . . cind ar cind, LU 2067 ( FA 14 , cf. RC xxvi 148 § 27 ). inn-uair dobímmis cind ar chind, RC vii 302.1 . as and baoi Laogh ┐ a brathoir ciond ar ciond, ZCP x 295.27 . cind ar cind fri Dunchad, Ériu v 242.153 .

With co.

32 co c.¤ to the end, to completion (see 43): berthi leiss co c.¤ gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ní dernad in cnocc co c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 44.79 . is co cend in cuidbiud the mockery has come to a head, Ériu i 118 § 10 . Cheville: céim co cend, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.9 .

33 co c.¤ with nouns indicating periods of time till the end of, for the duration of (see 18, 40, 52): co c.¤ blīadne, Thes. ii 319 ( Hy. ii 56 ). co c.¤ cairdi, Críth G. 366 . co cend trédenuis, PH 1859 . go ceann cóig n-aimsear, DDána 6.9 . go ceatra ceand[a] raithi `for four quarter-years', Magauran 804 . Note also: in fer co cind a chéli, MU² 991 `against', Gloss.

With DI and/or DO.

34 di chennaib of poetical composition appar. extemporaneously (see however Thurn. cited below and compare aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae, Corm. Y 756 , which may point to a ritualistic procedure of some kind): canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 . ailges do ceanduibh, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). dligedh do feghar saor daor do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 25.30 = fedhair .i. dorenar, ut est dliged dofedhar sóer, dóer dochennaib .i. continuo , O'Dav. 828 . do . . . suid filed for-can di c[h]ennaib `von (seinen Knochen-) Enden', ZCP xvi 175 § 4 ( Laws i 40 , co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42 Comm. ). is dochennaib . . . ro trial Dallán a duain do denum `extempore', RC xx 122.z (ACC). Also in phr. díchetal di chennaib, see díchetal. cetal do chendaib (a metre), IT iii 61 § 123 . See Ériu xlviii 45 .

35 intan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away', Ml. 21c3 .

36 di and/or do chiunn in return for, for the sake of, instead of, on condition of, because of, for , etc. (see 68): do chinn a mbíd, SR 3406 . do c[h]inn loghaidh `in return for remission of tribute', Ériu xvii 22 § 16 . dúais do chionn chomáoine a quid pro quo , KMMisc. 346.28 . sgēl do chinn chummaéine, Anecd. i 36.3 . dia chind an tsréin in return for the bridle, BColm. 38 § 40 . nech . . . do cathugud di chend Crist for, PH 789 . do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain 58.30 . berair-siu mac díachinn in its place, Cóir Anm. 133 . do chinn mo claidhem fen instead of my own sword, Fier. 60 . ragtais dia chind i comrac on his behalf, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.88 . do chionn a seachna `on condition of' (notes), Dán Dé x 12 . ró-mhór fuaramar d'a chionn too much we have got from it, Ériu i 96 § 52 . do chionn ubhaill, DDána 26.6 . do chionn an tshaoghail do thréigean through abandoning, Beatha S. F. 748 . dá chionn on that account, TSh. 1942 . do cind ced cennaighechta do denum in order to get leave, ZCP vi 90.15 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Ulliam Burc do chind luaigi in consideration of, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 .

37 Of soliciting or having intercourse with a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband, etc. (see 70): comrac frim dot chind-so, Fing. R. 114 `in disregard of', Vocab. ben-side Ch. . . . co rustoirrchestar E. do chind a cēile, Corp. Gen. 139.x . a breth di-a chind (another man's wife), PH 833 . luid . . . F. . . . do thochmarc a mnā do chind Oilella, Fianaig. 6.16 . docomraiced-som fria mnaib aili dia cind si in disregard of her, ZCP i 104.10 .

38 Various: cia ruslā dia c[h]ind . . . T. . . . is he rosla(n) dar a chend, ZCP xiii 7.24 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn(?), LU 6699 ( TBC-I¹ 2158 ). ar chuir dá ceann all he added to it(?) (cf. 48), DDána 91.14 . ó Inid go Cáisg dá gcionn till the following Easter (see 26), Aithd. D. 75.18 . ? nior cuir dha chionn do bhí ag Fionn, Duan. F. i 32.20 .

With FO.

39 fo ch.¤ towards, against, for (see 21, 45): teacht fam cheann `(to) attack me', Content. xviii 1 . éirghid fo cend mo c[h]reiche they go for my booty, ZCP viii 226.22 . Note also: gabh fád cheann mo chonmharccsa `take upon thee my quarrel(?)', Studies 1924, 243 § 12 .

40 Of time within, during (see 18, 33, 52): fo ch.¤ aimsire giorra at the end of a short time, Ériu v 188.456 . fo c.¤ begain aimsiri, Stair Erc. 258 . fo chionn dā lō go n-oidhche, Fl. Earls 10.16 .

41 fo ch.¤ (less freq. chiunn) about, concerning, with regard to, for the sake of, etc. (see 59): ? craed aderum focheann, YBL 149a4 . fuaire a chách a-taoi fám chionn towards me, Dánta Gr. 86.8 . fa a gcionn because of them, DDána 25a1 . déna . . . fá ch.¤ oirbire t'filedh `to thy poet's objurgation make concession', O'Gr. Cat. 402.20 . mar go bhfuair duadh ┐ doghruing fá a ceann `on her account', Keat. ii 2342 . ? alaind a dath / fa ceand na cuach, IGT Metr. Faults§ 68 .

With FOR.

42 for c.¤ , ciunn. Usually = ar ch.¤ , chiunn (21 ff.): an do lotar for cend conaire, Vita Br. 40 `as they were proceeding on their way', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 132 . dochuaid fóncaillid forcend chonnaid for firewood, RC ii 396 § 33 . ro-fhóidestar P. . . . gilla turusa for cend Ísu, PH 2602 . for bar cind, LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). doluid D. for cuinn (leg. ciunn) a sethar do ḟailte frie, Rawl. 134b1 . co tarrla in muir ina clár comréidh . . . for cinn in catha, CCath. 1927 . for a g-ceann awaiting them, ML 44.22 . gusin dia dardaoin buī dō for cionn `until the Thursday following', Fl. Earls 258.4 . Perh. for orig. tar c.¤ (68 ff.) in: du gabail rigi for ch.¤ á athar `in his father's stead', Ml. 44d29 . cach adaltrach do-t[h]et for ceand cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 (`in spite of', note p. 50) ( Laws ii 384.1 ). do accallaim Grigair for cend uird ┐ riagla, LU 3095 (fo ch.¤ ?).

With I.

43 beirid, do-beir i cinn finishes, completes (see 32): doberar opair i cind and sain, LL 32264 ( TTr. 1452 ). maine berthar i cinn, 400b18 . ? focal nāchar thuill a gciond (: rinn), ZCP viii 223.x .

44 do-tuit etc. ina ch.¤ falls down, topples (see 67): a toitim ina chend dorisi, TTebe 1669 . ag tuitim ina ccenduibh do bhedis colamhuin . . . na cathrach, Ériu iv 56.18 .

45 i c.¤ in contexts implying motion (us. with prec. vb.) to, in the direction of, towards, against (see 21, 39): na torcair nemh inna ccent `on them', Blathm. 68 . lotir remib hi cend in Brogo, LU 10575 . co torracht C. i c.¤ in droichit cucu, CCath. 1283 . ben sund i cend for máthar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6.55 . dorat . . . / Conall i cend Chonculaind matched C. against C., Metr. Dinds. iii 446.96 . ro cuired cach i ceann araili dona Romanchaib, CCath. 3159 . an uair chuirid i n-a chionn when they oppose him, DDána 96.33 . connsuine . . . do rachadh na cheann, mur atá so: slat ┐ dearg, slaitearg sin which would be assimilated to it, IGT Introd. 10.2 . do tuit an torc a cend a choss fell forward, BCC 324.30 .

46 i c.¤ with prec. vb. of motion and follg. Vn. etc. in g s. implying beginning or undertaking of an action: o dochotar . . . i c.¤ taispenta ind immuin do G., Lib. Hymn. 63.40 . do chuadar i cend a retha took to their heels, MR 318.4 . notheiged-som ┐ a gilla a cend bleogain na bo, Ériu v 34.22 . ná ragaind i ceand catha ina agaid, FDG² 465 . dochuaid i cend in sceoil (d'innisin, v.l.) `she went ahead with the tale', TTebe 1833 . T. . . . do dol a c.¤ oilithri, Ann. Conn. 1307.18 . lotar . . . i cend séta, TBC-LL¹ 451 . Note also: ra érig in fili ┐ do chúaid i n-a cend ┐ issed ro ráid, LL 39018 ( SG 385.34 `went to work'; `came to them', Stokes, RC xiii 107 ).

47 i c.¤, ciunn in addition to (see 63): foghellta ┐ bleth do dul ina ceand `shall be added', Laws iv 130.27 Comm. Matha a cind Crist ro scrib a shoscéla together with, LB 153a64 . ag flaith Li do chím 'na cheann / ní do gach tír 'na thimcheall also, Ériu v 64.15 . a cc.¤ gach sgéil eile dar innis doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 196.32 . a c.¤ a roibhi aigi, ZCP vi 51.10 . na c.¤ sin in addition, Maund. 15 . hi cc.¤ a chéle together, Hugh Roe² 40.13 .

48 cuirid i c.¤ adds to (see 38): cindus do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, PH 7730 . cuir 'na ceand, O'Gr. Cat. 311.9 . teine do cur a ceann teineadh making bad worse, 23 P 10 ³, 15a30 . Note also: ni fuair Fergus ríam ni do cuirfe a cend Modha do marbadh do Dubthach `anything to compare with the slaughter of M. by D.', Celt. Rev. ii 116.x .

49 i c.¤ in preference to: am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7​​​ . S. . . . do chor i tticcernus . . . hi ccend Ch., AFM iii 360.16 . taisech do denam doib do mac M. . . . ina c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1262.9 .

50 i ciunn at the head of for purpose of leading: m'anam-sa a Dhé mar budh dall / sé 's an chalann-sa 'n-a cionn, Dán Dé xxiii 13 . bi 'n-a cinn = ducas eum, Smaointe B. Chr. 1050 .

51 i ciunn in store for, destined (see 30): a-tá lá cúirte 'n-ar gcionn, DDána 23.29 . a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh his wrongdoings await every sinner (for punishment), Dán Dé vii 15 . i gc.¤ gach baíth a baegul, MR 286.21 . go bhfuil an bás . . . i gcionn gach aoin, TSh. 99 .

52 i ciunn of time at the end of (see 18, 33, 40): a cínd da bliadna onaímsir-si two years ago, RC x 186.1 . hi cind tredenais, ACL iii 309.10 . a cc.¤ a fhichet bliadhna da aois in the twentieth year of his age, Rel. Celt. ii 196.7 . a ccionn trí lá, Desid. 6345 .

53 Various: i mbun na gabla ro boí hi ciund tened over against, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). a cheann i cind tened, ZCP i 464.33 . gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin in possession of, ML 102.14 . mac S. a cind arrad at the head of nobles, Ériu v 244.194 . in cís d'ícc a cind chruid, LB 133b56 `in respect of', Todd Lect. vi 40.6 .

c.¤ i c.¤ (ceann a cceann is an exception to the rule that the same word may not be used more than once in a line, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.36 ). ? ceann a ceann, .c. o an doilgheas, 55.24 . Also cionn a ccionn (: fionn), 25.1 .

54 c.¤ i c.¤ = ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn (31): misi do cur c.¤ i cc.¤ / as Cuchulainn, TBC-LL¹ 3151 . cuirid c.¤ hi c.¤ , Fianaig. 60.27 . is and sin . . . do rancadar Leth Cuind ┐ Laigin ceand i cend, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . go g-cómhraiceam ceann a g-ceann, ML 82.25 .

55 c.¤ i c.¤ together; simultaneously : Conchabor, Aedh cend a cend `head to head' (of kings buried together), Ériu ii 166.47 . cia leitir sin c.¤ a c.¤ / dognīad lethfod is lethtenn, ZCP xii 295.8 . nocor thathaigh ceann i c.¤ / na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, xi 43 § 31 . cred dorad tu c.¤ a c.¤ / a comhaitreab na catcend?, KMMisc. 315.16 . trí Cormaic theas ceann i gceann / im an seang, DDána 91.33 . do dortsed fair cend i cend (of attackers), Ann. Conn. 1405.15 .

56 c.¤ i c.¤ successively (see Aithd. D. Vocab.): gan a ccloistecht cend i ccend / gabhāla airdrīogh [n]Ērenn, ZCP viii 218.30 . fiss gach catha c.¤ a ceand, Anecd. i 29 § 35 . rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann / is inghean airdrīgh Éireand point by point, KMMisc. 356.7 .

With IMM.

57 is fachain dá gcar um cheann to make them change their attitude(?), DDána 67.4 . (taken by Ed. as i and mo).

58 imm ch.¤ about, around : tarrassaid inn irgal im chend Connacht, LL 12308 (TBC). doiri crannrabhan mad cheann round thee, Magauran 436 . ní ráidhte um cheann gcomhóla during a drinking-bout, O'Hara 146 . radharc um cheann a calaidh `the sight of its shores' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 52.35 .

59 imm ch.¤ about, concerning, with regard to (see 41): rola B. . . . / ilach im cheand Feargaile (perh. in semi-literal sense), RC xxiv 54 § 14 . imcheand cach formaid bai etarru `for all the ill-feeling', Ériu ii 178.16 . an-scél . . . im-c.¤ deilbe . . . in-domain, RC xxiv 369.5 . t'fhearg . . . um cheann do chloinne, DDána 10.22 . um cheann craos-óil in the matter of, TSh. 7446 .

With ós (see 20).

60 ós chiunn (on as cionn beside ós chionn see Desid. p. xxxv ). In more or less literal sense: in tituil robói huas ciunn Crist isin chroich over Christ's head, Ml. 74b1 . ōs chinn sanct-Brigte, Thes. ii 329.2 ( Hy. v 15 ). Over, above: baí . . . ben . . . oc airiuc dont ṡluág os a cind, LL 259b15 . Cuncha cnoc os cind Life, ZCP xi 41 § 1 . nochtais . . . in claidheab os cind na hingeine, RC vi 175.30 . ós chionn mo leabhráin studying, Content. ii 14 . ōs a ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 66.15 .

61 With prec. vb. of motion: tānic . . . ōs ceann N. made for, Celtica i 116.118 . téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh I undertake to defend it, Content. xxi 12 .

62 in control of, in charge of: os chionn Bhanbha, Content. xxx 26 . sdiobhard ós ceann mhórāin maoine, Mac Aingil 568 . ōs cionn in cholāiste, Fl. Earls 68.25 .

63 over and above, in addition to (see 47): ós c.¤ fhichit each, AFM iv 1134.28 . faoi nó ós a chionn `or thereabouts', Corp. Astron. 4.12 . ōs a ch.¤ sin `besides', Fl. Earls 90.15 .

64 Note also: bun ós cionn `upside down', Psalms cxlvi 9 . más bun os cionn atá sé `if he haue any auersion', RSClára 155a . For fuller treatment see 1 bun.

65 With ré: ria cind tri trath in three days, RC xvii 386.2 .

With TAR (see also 24, 42).

66 fo-ceird etc. tar c.¤ (somet. with possess. before c.¤ ) overthrows, upsets, turns upside down : in cor tar c.¤ gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . gl. euertando, 72b12 . tochur tar c.¤ , Críth G. 233 . ro lá in slúag . . . tara cend, LU 9760 . fochichret in Trói dar cend, TTr.² 389 . ro-chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri, PH 4392 . is e ro-lá dar cend ar forcetul-ne subverted, 1686 . See fo-ceird. Cf. dos-curedar tara cend 'she collapses', CMMucr. 50 § 43 .

67 With do-tuit (see 44): co torchratar . . . dara c.¤ hi suan, ZCP iii 6 § 20 .

68 tar c.¤ on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, in lieu of, because of, for, etc. (see 36): dufiastar tara c.¤-som `punishment will be inflicted for them', Ml. 27c4 . deich tarm ch.¤ `take vengeance for me', 72d11 . no oircthe . . . tar c.¤ a p[ecthae] ind aile `for its sins', Tur. 110c . taiccéra cách dará chen fessin gl. pro sé, Wb. 6b28 . oc irbáig dar far c.¤-si gl. de uobis, 16d8 . ? mo ort do gabál darm ch.¤ `that my rank should be taken for me', 23b18 . a setig . . . do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom on her own behalf and his, Mon. Tall. 163.18 . dar cend na cāna in return for, Cáin Ad. 25 . ciata glinni con-daigi dar cend frithaisceda?, MU² 65 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach a hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . na feicheamna dara tecait cend, Laws iv 60.18 Comm. tarc.¤ gabhála aigi ┐ tacra tar a ch.¤ pleading in his behalf, CCath. 535 . díol tar ceann a chomaoineadh, Content. ix 25 . tar ceann do chloinne, Dán Dé xxviii 29 .

69 in spite of, in violation of; notwithstanding : ba holc lais dith Fergail darceand a shida, RC xxiv 64 § 25 . tar c.¤ Conoill, Duan. F. i 84.8 . tar a cheann sin nevertheless , Desid. 3220 .

70 Of begetting offspring by a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband (see 37): trī meic Medba fri Fergus dar c.¤ nAilella, Corp. Gen. 279.1933 . mac ruc don Dagda . . . / dar cend ḟir na síde, Metr. Dinds. iii 30.75 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria dar c.¤ Cathbaid, RC vi 175.51 .

71 As conj. tar c.¤ go notwithstanding the fact that, although : tar ceann go n-abair an Chóir Anmann gur . . . ní mheasaim gurab . . . , Keat. ii 2344 . tar cheann go n-anann tú feadh do bheathadh san olc, Mac Aingil 1040 . tar ceann gur shaoil . . . notwithstanding the fact that, TSh. 541 . tar cheann go bhfuil mórán etc. even though there are . . . , Párl. na mB. 461 .

Compds. (general composition-form in early lang. cenn-. Later also cinn- and ceinn- before palatals).

With nouns.

72 In dvandva-compds. (see Wortk. 130 ): bidh suī lēigind co cendanim head and soul, ACL iii 231.22 . cend-chossach head and feet (of cooked animal), Ériu iv 124 § 2 .

73 With c.¤ qualifying second member: cu nach fácbadh claidem ar cennadairt, Acall. 1632 = SG 129. 29 `pillow' ( -adart, BLism. 212 rb13) . Fig. cennadart fona fertaib inso, Thes. ii 332.27 ( Hy. v 23 gl .). Of a person: O'M. a cceann adhart, Top. Poems 58.18 . oenball dia curp nó da cendagaid `countenance', CCath. 4700 . gráin catha ar mo cheannaghaidh (sic leg.), Content. xxiii 15 . tria cendairde no tria cendísli doníther in taidbhriudh anuasan, O'D. 908 (H. 3.17, 649) = O'Curry 2164 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)d ) (see O'Gr. Cat. 139 ). cennait muilind `the head (site) of a mill', Ériu xvii 76.10 . cennáit `head residence', AFM v 2082.2 . ? Cf. an chríoch nó an cionnaidh is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1775 (chianáit, v.l., Gloss.). ar Chrīst ar cennabaid chief lord, ZCP viii 214.6 . do ghabh clogat . . . fa n-a cheann-bhaithios `head', MR xiv 21 . ¤barr see cen(n)barr. ¤bécc see cennbécc. ¤bert see ceinnbeirt. cennbhile oir na n-ardriog (a prince), LL 394.8 . bheith dheit ad chinnbhile ós coill, O'Gr. Cat. 381.22 . súdh ceannbhracha `malt liquor', O'Hara 4076 . in Cennc[h]at[h]ach ina laimh .i. a bachall, Lism. L. 3103 . ¤chléithe = cenn: scothais a chenn clēithi de, ZCP viii 117 § 12 . ní chuirthear ceannchnaipe óir ar phaidrín mhaide, Mac Aingil 1041 `Pater Noster bead(?)', Gloss. lom[r]aid a cendchongraim din mnái headdress, Hib. Min. 77.9 . ceann cosnamach comegin C. `violent groans', MR 260.6 (leg. ¤osnadach ?). for cenn-cumhdach a choroine ` head-covering ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 62 . capitolauium .i. cenddīunach, Corm. Y 296 . cend-drong filed fó fírda, Metr. Dinds. i 36.93 . inceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. 82 . donchendfiacail gl. capitali, 134 . ¤ḟochrus see cennḟochrus. cenngalor (in marg. dolor capitis), Wb. 17b25 . Vita Br. 28 . dia ro h-icad don cheann-galar, YBL 174b23 . ? ni tormaig ni fora notrus . . . a cendgelt, Ériu xii 40 § 51 ; 'tonsure' ZCP xlii 48 . caeca echlosc orda co cendimlaib airgid, IT ii2 191.14 (cennpairtib, v.l.) `end knobs'? Plummer MS notes. ¤ísle see cendairde. ¤lá see cennlá. ¤liter capital letter. Usually metaph. of persons and things: cinn-litre ceall `the capitals of the churches', Content. xv 30 , cf. xviii 73 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre, Ériu v 60.4 . ceinnlitir siodha ┐ coccaidh `arbiter', AFM iv 976.3 . snímcha cendmaisse `head- dress', Tec. Corm. xvi 84 . cendmaisse laime glove, Acall. 5971 v.l. ¤míl name of an ornament: coíca acrann . . . co cendmílaib, TBFr. 31 . fuath . . . [na] cendmila tucsat a coscar catha, Aen. 1563 . Of persons: Ísa Críst . . . in cennmíl cumdachta, ZCP viii 204.34 . ní ba cendmíl muinntiri / nech nach fulaing a hécnach, iv 468 § 17 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 . brat tlachtgorm corcarrda hi cennfait impe (i.e. thrown over her head?) (cennḟait, MS), TBC-I¹ 2791 . cendpaite imma cenna `fillets', RC ix 484 n.5 . cinnréallna `stars of first magnitude', Ó Bruad. iii 14.7 . cend-róit `highway', CRR 28 . (Auricula Muris) ceinn-sgethrach do ghenam dhe, ┐ glanaidh an inchinn o na salcar, 23 K 42, 367.5 (see sceithrech). fá cheannsmacht, Oss. iv 274.24 . ` paitric' cennsrián, Metr. Gl. 19 `headstall', Plummer MS notes. dotuit ar a cenntruime topheaviness, O'Dav. 200 . cenntruime .i. gin collad, O'Curry 2598 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). cend-urra a slánaigthe `Captain', Heb. ii 10 .

With adjectives.

74 C. chendalaind, ZCP xi 41 § 5 . cendard cassetnach, IT iii 246.80 . dá ech . . . cendbeca, LU 9257 . na dá chendbricc 'the two piebald-headed ones' TBC-LL² 1086 . cnā ceand-buidhi, ZCP v 22 § 16 . tre cnoccuibh corra cenncæla, ZCP vi 290.22 . ic imbirt fidchilli .i. na Cendchaeme (as subst.), LL 8350 (TBC). ingena cendálli cendchassa curly-headed, 31382 (TTr.). do innsaighi cnuic cennchuirr, ZCP vi 60.12 . cendchrom torsech, LL 12064 (TBC). ¤étig freq. as n. pr., see Corp. Gen. etc. trian a scéith chendfhada comdhualaig, ZCP xiii 211.11 . ar coiciud cendḟind Connacht, LL 3224 . See cenann. cheillínill / ceandfolaim, IT iii 92 § 139 . an fer cendgarb, i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). cairrge ceann-gharbha, ML 34.4 . cranngal cheinngér, IGT Decl. ex. 905 . Eoghan an airm cheannghlais, DDána 99.40 . ar taisbenad a craisigi cenn-guirme catha, MR 196.5 . ¤grúcánach see grúcánach. a muinter . . . cendísel Corccaige `hang-head', MacCongl. 29.22 . arocul becc . . . cendisel low-pitched, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 ( LB 134a35 ). laech caem cendlethan, LL 11824 (TBC). cofacca . . . in deilb . . . cennléith, Ériu iv 102.12 . ocbud . . . chendmas, Anecd. i 60.88 . a dhá chraoisigh ceann-reamhra, ML 112.21 . ar ná ba cennscoilte `lest you get your head broken', Tec. Corm. 38.26 . Cuirrín Cheannsholuis, ML 32.18 . dia sephaind céis cenntoll céol, ZCP iii 7.2 . ¤tromm see cenntromm.

Rarely with verbs:

75 ceannlasfaidh a cró coirrshleagh (of warriors), Aithd. D. 16.28 . gu cennlúbdais na clocha na caolsoighdi the stones turned the points of the arrows, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.6 .

Freq. as second element in compds.

76 See GOI 219 (nochtchenn, ardchenn). Freq. in this use in form -genn, see GOI 87 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 . See cloicenn, cromcenn, corrcenn, 1 dícenn, táilgenn, tollcend (1 toll). Note further: crothid conchend catha ceirp, LU 3629 ( SCC 31 , see note in SC2). teiti tair fo thalmain trell / i nEgiptacthaib láncend (the Nile), LL 16325 . m. Fiachach Uanchind, Corp. Gen. 88.7 . Baccan mac Brain meic Eircc hUbulchind, Rawl. 126b43 .

77 Very freq. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

comainm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comainm or dil.ie/10620
Last Revised: 2013

n n, n. (ainmm)

(a) (additional) name, cognomen (freq. not different in meaning from ainmm); synonym: c.¤ gl. cognomen, Ir. Gl. 993 . c.¤ Críst ron-snáda / Saluator ron-sóera!, Fél. March 14 (comaind .i. comainm, v.l.). atdeos duib a comanmann, Corp. Gen. 126.26 . in trath dian comainmm compleit, KMMisc. 154.94 . Cumscraidh Mend Macha do c.¤ ond uair-sin ille, Sc.M² 14 R. Mac Dathó a ainm, 1.1 (a c.¤, R). cía do ch.¤ -siu ol M. . . . Fedelm . . . mo ainmsea, LU 4524 (TBC). Sarra dianid c.¤ Iascha cognomen, 160 . da ghadaige . . . darsat comanmann D. ┐ I., PH 2852 . Portt na Cranne darap c.¤ an Fuarchosach, Ann. Conn. 1256.13 . c.¤ carat .i. edadh isin caill `synonym for a friend', Auraic. 5656 . ban-naomh in chomhanma sin, Fl. Earls 176.28 .

(b) (a person of the) same name: coibne .i. c.¤ , O'Dav. 496 . cen c[h]umscuguth nadet comanmuin (form ?) na comthuirmi `dass sie nicht gleichnamig sind', Bürgschaft 27 § 74 c.¤ trait do-n-roïg Cū Domna / oc ascnamh a comanmo, Fianaig. 12 § 14 . tricho Fland ┐ tricho Dubthach . . . is ed bui di chomanmanduib i tig Geirg, IT iii 550.26 . cárna a chomanma, LL 13884 (of Cú Chulainn and a hound). batar . . . comanmunna araile dib (of the Apostles), LB 146b31 (com + adj. in -de from ainmm ? Cf. IT iii 550 supra and Celtica x 254 ). Note also: roderscnaigh dan comhainm riamh ar ulc it surpassed anything of its own kind in evil (of a bridge), Aisl. Tond. 100.4 . Attrib. g s. and g p. dá churaidh comhlann gcalma / conghlann cubhaidh comhanma (of 2 Murchadhs), DDána 85.32 . cona ttrí cēd curadh comhanmann, Ériu viii 137.21 .

In phr. fer (lucht) a chomanma a man, etc., of the same name or family: ara uib ┐ ar fer a chomanma, LL 39066 . ni faicim do lucht a ccomhanma acht iad araon I see of the same name only these two, Mart. Don. 58.7 . Cf. lead chéidfhear comhanma the first man of your name, O'Hara 170 . go rabhadar iomad do naomhaibh . . . Éireann 'n-a lucht comhanmann `that many . . . bore the same name', Keat. iii 1714 .

(c) namesake : c.¤ a māthar `every namesake of his mother's', Cáin Ad. 25 .

(d) anniversary, yearly, weekly, etc. recurrence of any day or date: c.¤ in laithi-sa . . . cacha blīadna, BColm. 28.2 . co tucsat noí catha / on c.¤ coa celi `from year's end to year's end', Ériu x 93 § 3 . Adv. doni se aenach festa c.¤ an lae dorugudh é gacha bliadhna, ZCP vi 86.10 . in slabradh . . . ro sgaoil go mīrbaileach comhainm an fhēsta sin, Fl. Earls 244.1 . cuirfet-sa macamh dot shoighidh c.¤ an laithe a ttanacc sunn this day week(?), BNnÉ 319 § 15 .

Various: ? ni ralie an mag so nad rubann c.¤ n-arcaid, ZCP iii 237.15 . ina c.¤ cen leisci / tomaidm Flesci ┐ Maindi, Lec. 283ra15 ( ch.¤ , 6rb24 ; comairm, BB 37b27 ). cían ó chomhainm éantoighe / rádh Thaidhg ris Ó mBríain mBéirre `far from joint-naming from a single house was Tadhg's answer to Ó Briain of Béirre', Ériu xix 92.25 .

damnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. damnae or dil.ie/14522
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: domnae, daṁna

n domnae io, n. Like adbar and ON efni, Welsh defnydd ZCP x 370 , LEIA D-21 .

I The stuff or material out of which something is wrought or created.

(a) in a material sense: damna teora mbairgen, Laws ii 176. 18 . damna feirtse, damna certle (as a fine), ib. iv 108. 6 . ní hón gabaind a daṁna, ib. v 18. 10 . roboingeadh damna in chléib no na cleithi comlan annsund, ib. 474. 24 . damna fondssa damna loinida, ib. 482. 29 . Cf. also ii 420. 10 : domna coisc di du mil no saithi beach.— dachuaid da bein damna cruiti, RC ii 197. 20 . damna trostáin ┐ damna bhaichle, SG 38. 12 . luid Hercoil issin fidbaid do buain damnai rámai, TTr. 230 . primal matter : cid robói isin chruindchuairt ildelbhaig ba damna doṁain... Robói ar se isin chuairt toruchta domna domain .i. uacht ┐ tes soilsi ┐ dorcha lind ┐ tirim, Ériu ii 106. 33 sq. issind dluim chruind dorónad do domna domain, ib. 108. 7 . dobí damna ifrinn isin ṁais ildhelbaig asar benad an doman, RC xxiv 372. 7 . —METAPH. in net ngribi sin... ┐ in damna áigh .i. longphort Cesair, CCath. 4904 . fail lim dliged is damna subject-matter (of poetry), Metr. Dinds. iii 278. 39 ( LL 155 b 25 ).

(b) in a personal sense: `one fit to be'—also in merely temp. sense: `one designed to be.' damnae napad: céin bes damna apaidh (leg. apadh) do fine erluma, Laws iii 72. 13 . muna táinic d. a. dfine erloṁa...in apdaine do thabuirt dfine manuch noco roib d. a. dfine erloṁa, ib. 72. 19 . ib. 74. 1 , 5 , 6 , 10 . 78. 2 , 3 , 17 . muna be damna napaidh (leg. napadh) cid coitchinn doib, ib. 78. 25 . damnae cimbedo: cona[d] damna cimeda insin tar cend tuaithe, ib. iv 354. 2 . damnae nepscuip: áliss Pátricc Dubthach im damnae nepscuip dia desciplib di Laignib, Thes. ii 241. 7 . damnae fir: isé biad uais imfuilnges damna in fir .i. gairigh gilla no tamain fir the minor, i.e. the underage youth or makings of a man (O'D.), Laws ii 256. 18 . Ferdomun .i. damna fir, ib. 20 . damnae flatho: damna flatha as dech tánic Hérind the best crown-prince that has ever come into Erin BDD 106 . domna finnflatha, AU i 392. 8 . damnae láich: olc damnae láich fil and, LU 60 a 5 . TBC-LL¹ 453 Y. damnae nolloman, Acall. 3353 . damnae ríg one fit to be a king, a royal heir (= rígdomna), see O'Br. s.v. daṁna .

II n An heir : iomdha daṁna i ndiaidh aroile fuair an chríoch so Chuirc mar é, Ó Bruad. xi 3 .

III n A matter, cause, reason, motive . ba hé domna in choctha, LL 170 a 20 . damna dinriud is dḟogail, ib. 195 a 13 . ní bu fubthud cin damna, Ériu ii 100. 26 . is daṁnai móirchreatha ┐ uaṁain a matter of great trembling and terror, ib. 136. 26 . cid deghnie drochfethol ? ol sé. tathum a daṁnai ol esium I have cause for it RC xii 64 § 27 . cid robud ? or si. atá a damna and there is a cause for it Anecd. i 4. 6 . cidh tái a[g] gul ? fil a doṁna accum, Lib. Flav. 37 b 17 . damna deabhtha, Todd Nenn. 132. 3 . domna trota LL 11 a 40 . diultaider ic Tadc co trén do Murni ba domna dér, ib. 202 a 63 . fa daṁna dér, Ériu i 32, l. 246 . tathum domna bróin I have a cause of sorrow LL 192 b 48 . damna dogra, MR 294. 8 . damna guil ┐ dér, BB 31 b 10 . daṁna éccaoine, BS § 67. 4 . daṁna meatha, Each. Iol. 57. 14 . fail damna molta forro, TBC-LL¹ 416 Stowe (dlug molto LL). damnae tuirse a cause of sorrow, cf. Dinneen . Cf. also Laws iii 94. 5 : na cuic cinaid duine ni damna mella.

IV damna .i. obair ut est: intí tuc a damna daim no capaill ar log, H 3.18, 650 a ; but here damna daim seems to signify a young ox, cf. damnae fir above.

COMPD. ríg-damnae a royal heir LL 151 b 19 . TBC-LL¹ 1483 Y. BDD 86. 1 . ITS v 106 .

MOD. daṁna, P. O'C. O'R. Dinneen .

danó, dano

Cite this: eDIL s.v. danó, dano or dil.ie/14616
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dā, dano, dana, daniu, daneu, dano, dono, dana, danau, dā, dā, dō, dano, dono, dona, dana, dāa, dōo, denu, doná, nú, dno, dna, d, do, no, dono, dano, dana, denu, dā, dno, no, dno, no, dā, No

sō: da-nō, Ir. Gosp. Thom. § 22 . shō: 'nō, DDána 175 § 29 . 'nó, LL ii 11121 (TBC) . See Ériu liii 139: of unknown origin in spite of Zeuss 1005, n. 3 . Perhaps da-no, da-nu, cf. co-nu, ACC 66 , nu, ib. 11 , and BB 318 a 33 : dā .i. da nui insein; daniu, Cambr. (modelled on didiu? daniu: danu = didiu: didu); niu the dative of ní in Mil seems a late form and should not be compared. It is worth noticing that in the Enchir. Aug. 85 a ( ZCP vii 485. 6 ) Lat. denuo is glossed by nuu. The oldest meaning of dano is that of denuo ` anew, again ' (e.g. Mon. Tall. 149. 26 ). All other meanings arose from this.

A OLD-IR. Usually written dā = dano or dana.

daniu, Cambr. 37 d .

daneu, Cambr. 38 a , 38 b .

dano in full, Wb. 5 c 12 , 5 d 23 , 9 c 10 , 32 c 2 ; Ml. 43 a 22 .

dono in full, Wb. 2 d 10 , 8 d 5 , 7 d 16 .

dana in full, Wb. 5 c 18 . Elsewhere always dā in Wb.

danau, Ml. 37 a 8 .

The 8th century MS Cín Dromma Snechta had dā.

B MID.-IR. Usually written dā, as in Old-Ir., and dō.

dano in full, Laws i 26. 22 ; 28. 17 , 25 ; 242. 18 .

dono is the usual form in the Laws; always nó dono; (nó dō); in full RC xi 446, l. 55 ; Laws i 236. 20 (cid dono); Death-tales of the Ulster heroes § 4 ; Lib. Flav. 16 a 1 . 2 .

dona in full RC xi 444. 1 .

dana in full, ScM. 17 ( IT i 105. 5 ), H 3. 18 ; TE 13 ( IT i 127. 4 ), Eg. dana supported by the rhyme Acall. 3852 .

dāa, RC xi 444. 1 f.b.

dōo, Laws i 8. 1 .

denu in full RC xii 72 § 44 , Harl.; dē, ib. 86 § 93 .

doná, AFM iii 34. 3 ; 34. 14 ; 38. 10 ; 40. 6 ; 48. 11 ; TFrag. 8. 15 .

nú (: Lúachrú; no, v.l.), Three Historical Poems, 112 q.23Aa .

Syncopated forms:

dno in full, Thes. ii 308. 5 (Preface to Fiacc's Hymn; but dā, 307. 4 , 9 .); ib. 325. 7 (Preface to Ultan's Hymn, Franc.). Laws i 112. 1 ; 220. 8 - 16 ; v 368. 9 . CCC § 2 LU (v.l. dā). TBC-LL¹ 3756 ( LL 86 a 37 ). LL 34 b 31 (: rempo). BB 109 a 20 ; 353 a 31 ; 296 b 51 ; 322 a 14 , 19 , 21 , 22 (most frequent in this MS). Hib. Min. 15 (l. 51 , 58 ); 18 (458) ; 40 st 3 (Rawl.). RC xii 100. 1 ; 108. 1 (Harl.); ib. 108. 11 ; 92 § 122 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 58 § 12 ; 72 § 43 . ZCP iii 227. 21 (Harl.); 249. 10 ; 228 § 3 ; 237 § 27 . ACL iii 2. 5 . Anecd. iii 25. 16 . dā = dno supported by the rhyme, LL 8 a 39 , 144 a 9 . dō = dno supported by the metre, ACL iii 297 st 60 , H. 3. 18.

dna in full: Laws i 20. 7 . RC xiii 377. 8 (H. 3. 18), v.l. dā. ScM. § 19 Harl., v.l. dā. Cog. 160. 25 . TFrag. 148. 11 . AFM i 470. 10 f.b. ; iii 110. 17 ; 118. 1 .

d, TBC-LL¹ (LL) 2298 ; ib. p. 179 n. 3 (Stowe-MS). ZCP iii 249. 25 ; 251. 4 . Lib. Flav. 26 b 1 . 43 . RC xii 66 § 33 (Harl.); ib. 72 § 44 ; 74 § 53 ; 98 § 131 . Hib. Min. 15 (l. 53) , 18 (l. 449) .

do, RC xii 104 § 149 .

no (short `o,' cf. below; nó, LL 90 a 3 = TBC-LL¹ 4318 ; cf. no rhyming with dó, BB 297 b 42 ; written l-, LL 55 b 27 = TBC-LL¹ 200 ): TBC-LL¹ (LL) 437 , 2826 , 2835 , 2839 , 2911 , 2914 , 2948 , 3167 (?), 3239 , 3647 , 3745 , 3753 , 3756 , 3885 , 4241 , 4261 , 4305 , 4322 , 4332 , 4343 , 4355 , 4365 , 4392 , 5018 , 6023 . CRR § 7 l. 9 ( LL 172 a 1 ), § 9 l. 8 ( 172 b 2 ), § 14 l. 5 , § 25 l. 6 , § 34 l. 2 , § 41 l. 4 , § 46 l. 7 , § 51 l. 11 . LL 57 a 33 , 91 a 54 , 101 a 2 , 172 b 48 , 175 a 42 . BB 46 a 19 , 269 b 51 , 297 b 42 (= IT iii 12 § 21 ). Laws v 368. 17 (? ar is ón no darcid inn[d]omon do duiniu).

for `dni' AFM v 1552 read didiu ( dī, Aut. MS fo 87 a ).

Of the Old-Ir. forms dono arose from dano, as ocus from acus, under the influence of the u-shaded `n.' At the time of the Würzburg Glosses dano was still kept distinct from dono, the latter being used after interrogatives apparently as an enclitic, without accent: ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . cepu dono, 7 d 16 . ce dono, 8 d 15 (cf. cid dono, Laws i 48. 24 ; 54. 3 f.b. ).

The syncopated Mid.-Ir. forms dno, no retaining `o' show that also in Old-Ir. the stress fell on the ultimate, as dano stressed on the penultimate would have given Mid.- Ir. dana. The Mid.-Ir. writing denu ( RC xii 72 § 44 , cf. dechum, debert) points in the same direction. Compare also the writing doná in the FM. In poetry the accent falls on the ultimate:

Acall. 3852 : mairg dadhair don luing dana. nachasainic Tonn Chlidna.

The syncopated form is often used in poetry for the convenience of the metre. It appears in several poems ascribed to poets of the 11th and 12th centuries, e.g.

LL 144 a 9 : Almon rathuit artús dā (dno leg.) i nEtail ra Troiano.

(a poem by Giolla an Choimdhedh Ua Cormaic of the early 12th century).

LL 8 a 39 : anmand tri mac Nemid dā (dno leg.) Luach Cessarni ┐ Luachro.

(poem by Tanaidhe Ua Maoilchonaire †1136; v.l. no, BB 46 a 19 ).

LL 34 b 31 : i ndáil fer talman sund dno [labrad] (cf. l. 43 ) lá is aidchi rempo.

(poem by Cúán O'Lothcháin †1024).

Further in a 10th-century poem from Rawl. 1 a 1 , Hib. Min. 40 st 3 :

fuilriud már guin dóine dno ocus plág for pecthacho.

in Fingen mac Flainn's poem on the Fir Arddae from the middle of the 9th century, ACL iii 297 st 60 :

ní mandingentar dno dóibsium dál ndrong ndelech.

and ICM st 188 :

atchitis dno (sic leg.) triasan tor sin forsin dorus atreab nálaind &c.

This brings us back to the time of the Codex Sangallensis; whence it follows that dno, though not occurring in any MS older than the LU, belongs to the Old-Ir. period.— No was developed from dno in Mid.-Ir. time. It seems impossible to fix the date of this development accurately. The appearance of `no' in old poetry, as BB 46 a 19 , 297 b 42 , is no test, as no might be a late substitute for dno. The fact that the earliest instances occur in the LL points to the 12th century. In Mid.-Ir. MSS dā, dno, and no go hand in hand. The spoken form was dno, later no; but the traditional writing dā lingered on for centuries in the MSS. No is found in MSS from the early 13th to the 15th century, when it became obsolete. The FM write doná, dana, dna, purely literary forms. In the Annals of Ulster the particle does not in any form occur after the year 1204 ( AU ii 242. 2 ).

In Mid.-Ir. no syntactical distinction is made between dā, dno, dna, and no. The particle is never placed at the head of the sentence, but can, apart from this, occupy almost any position within it. It follows stressed and unstressed words, and appears particularly often after emphasising particles, a circumstance which contributed to the syncope of the first syllable. It gives a certain emphasis to the accented word immediately preceding. The following is a synopsis of the most common positions of the particle:

(1) asbeir daniu ind apstol, Cambr. 37 d. torchratar no muinter Fintain, LL 91 a 54 . bemmini dano, Wb. 9 c 10 . mathidsom dano, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . dogénsa no, CRR § 9 .

(2) abi mogasi dano, Wb. 27 c 17 . (is) maith dano, ib. 33 a 5 . bat roumal dano in fer sin, Mon. Tall. 159. 2 . is ferr dano lais, ní haurcuil dano lais MT.

(3) issí dano, Wb. 19 b 12 . issed dano, Mon. Tall. 136. 13 et pass. cipé no, TBC-LL¹ 200 .

(4) (a) uait no, CRR § 7 . dóib no, TBC-LL¹ 3239 . (b) is samlid dano, Wb. 21 b 2 . etrunni dano, ib. 12 b 12 . forthusom no LL 172 b 48 . uaimse no, TBC-LL¹ 4305 .

(5) is annsin dano tanccatar, BDD 151. 7 . intan dano, ib. § 162 . on uair dano ronuc, Laws i 18. 11 .

(6) a forbi tra dano, Mon. Tall. 128. 7 .

(7) after a noun in all cases except the vocative: nom. in hilur dano asberr a rind hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73 a 11 . gabtha díberg dano la suide, BDD § 41 . Diarmait dano abb ĺa lais, Mon. Tall. 153. 17 . acc. nicodoes mír feolai dano, Mon. Tall. 129. 22 . gen. cend Ferchon Longsig no, LL 80 a 44 . bóisom ic fechadh a bhráthar no, TBC-LL¹ 3885 . dat. do díb lethaib no, LL 175 a 42 . da saigid no, TBC-LL¹ 4261 .

Dā, no (&c.) is a particle mainly employed in principal clauses, though both in Old- and Mid.-Ir. it also appears in secondary ones. Already in Old-Ir. often = didiu, trá. In Mid.-Ir. MSS the interchange between dā, dī, tra, and imorro is quite common; cf. Windisch's note IT Glossary 467 . dā, LL 316 b 28 = dī, BB 133 b 9 . Particularly common issed dī = issed dā, nó dī = nó dō.

I adv Also, further, in addition, besides, as well, too , as a further point or circumstance tending in the same direction. Often with 1 ocus, acus, íarum, íarom, íaram, iar tain, beus, olchena, opp. cétamus Mon. Tall. 136. 23 .

A In the apodosis or main clause, preceded by a subordinate clause expressing:

(a) comparison : amal gnís tra Críst in iustis...is samlid dā gniith demun in filiís defidentiae thus, too, worketh the Devil in f.d. Wb. 21 b 2 . amal as hiress ronóib Abracham nitat gnīma rechto issí dā robnóibsi it also has sanctified you ib. 19 b 12 . amal bete som i nimpudiu inna brithemnacte bemmini dano, ib. 9 c 10 . amal durígni inna gnímu sechmadachtai dugéna dā innahí tairngir hisa todochide, Ml. 50 d 10 . amal it dá lebur fichet it dí litir fichet dā, ib. 2 d 2 . Cf. ib. 69 b 3 . amal as messe dudaforsat inna dúli is me dā bæras mes firian foraib, ib. 94 b 7 . amal nách forcenn libuir...ní forcenn libuir dā, Hib. Min. 22. 6 . Cf. also: amal file oentid eter baullu coirp duini conroib óintu etrunni dā hore ammi corp Críst, Wb. 12 b 12 .

(b) condition : acht robæ quies et tranquilitas regibus bieid dā dúnni a ndede sin, Wb. 28 a 23 . dóecastar i mbí hinun folud bís indib ┐ a cétnide. mad inun is óinrann dā if it be the same it is also one part (of speech), Sg. 188 a 6 . madh tochus cin innrucus nama ┐ maith do dénum de as letheineclund dono beos, Laws i 54. 3 f.b. Cf. also Wb. 14 d 24 : intí dia ndílgidsi dalugubsa dā, where a relative clause takes the place of a conditional one.

(c) time : o adcuaid...a ndorigeni Dia airriu de maid asbeir iarum dā arandathidisom di maith, Wb. 21 d 11 . ho imrordai nech didiu isind [ḟ]recdairc...in tairsitiu adchí dolbthai dā iarum he also afterwards feigns it PCr. 64 a 1 .

(d) cause or reason : hore...adib cretmich infectsa cretmech dā for cland, Wb. 10 a 6 . huare techtas nerta is cóir dā iarum cobsaide oc díten a muntairai, Ml. 85 a 4 .

(e) concession : v. V (a).

B In principal clauses repeating the verb of the preceding clause, with or without `ocus'; also, again . Type: dorochair Laimidon...dorochratar dā forgla ríg ┐ taísech na Troiana, Aen. 18 .

(a) cop.: ishé som doradchiúir ┐ ishé dā as taidcricc it is he also that is the ransom Wb. 2 b 9 . ished ón immurgu as fír et is fír dā esséirge omnium post sé , ib. 13 b 23 . is oc frecur céill dæ atáa (sc. mo chland) is occa dā attósa, ib. 29 d 6 . ropo do Dáil Chonchobair dosom ┐ rop ed dā do máthair Brigte, Thes. ii 325. 4 . is misiu ém dorat...is me dō rothairmisc, TE § 13 Eg. ropa cridiscél dam cédamus ...ropo cridiscél dam dā...┐..., Mon. Tall. 136. 23 . ba hamnus muirn na curud...amnus d an tarneuch ruboi and, RC xii 98. 17 ; cf. Ériu v 238. 5 . conid desin...is de dno hence also RC xii 106 § 162 . indligid don fechemain apad... indligid dō don bidbaid a élod sum im dliged, Laws i 114. 20 . isé rothomais ótha esca co gréin...isé dō rothomais, &c. , ib. 28. 11 , 14 .

(b) subst. verb: cach genitiu dichoisin ataat indib in dí chéill se sís. atá dā hi `sui,', Sg. 209 b 29 . bátar Ulaid oc ól i taig F....bái dā ben ind F. oc airiuc don tṡluag, IT i 67. l. 3 . atá...atá dā, RC xiii 458 § 56 . ar atát foruis...atá dō forus, Laws ii 128. 19 . dáig atát na .uii. Mani...┐ atúsa com thegluch no, TBC-LL¹ 437 . atá limsa for M. buaid cluaisse. ata limsa dā for M. A. buaid rodeirc, BDD § 48 .

(c) other verbs: ut Paulus ait...ocus asbeir daniu ind apostol, Cambr. 37d . rohucad airechas inna Rómæ co Constantinopoil. rucad dā a ainmm, Sg. 174 a 1 . Cf. ib. 73 a 12 (in hilur dā = is in h.d). rodelb iartin dluma in talman...rodelb dō na hocht ngaetha...rodelb dona datha na ngaeth, Laws i 26. 27 , 30 ; 28. 5 . dorimchell (v.l. rothairmcheall) rígusciu Hérend ria matain...toróchell (v.l. dorarmchell) dā prímlocha Hérend r.m. before morning he had also travelled to the chief lakes of Erin BDD § 155 ; ib. § 95 . tarlaic...dosléicimse dā, IT i 101. 16 . sadais ind snáthaid fo thrí inda dernaind co toltnadar na trí srotha folæ asind láim...saididsiom dā ind snáthat...co tultatar dā, &c. , he thrusts again the needle into her hand Mon. Tall. 149. 26 . dorad M. ocht fichtiu bo don Choimdhigh. dorat dā baile ic Drochat Átha, AU ii 130. 8 ; cf. also 130. 6 . asbert... asbert dā, RC xi 450. 130 . dogníth side na harma...dogníth dō L. soer na crondo...dugníth dno C. cerd na semonn, RC xii 92. 1 f.b. , 94. 4 . ícais an gilde den indel cétnæ...ícais d an gille d.i.c., ib. 68. 7 . focres forrai dno dus &c....focres forra d dus..., ib. 72 § 44 . dorochratar a trí comlín leo ┐ torchratar no muinter F., LL 91 a 54 . issed atberat som ...asberat dā, ib. 125 b = Ériu v 212. 2 . is amlaid tánic som...is amlaid tánic in Mane Andoe no, TBC-LL¹ 2826 . atbert cend cach ḟir díb bara lííc ┐ atbert cend Ferchon Longsig no bar lííc, ib. 2914 . táncatar rempo...et tánic no Fiacho, ib. 2948 . rachúaid dóib...dachuaid dóib no, &c. , ib. 3239 . Cf. also ib. 4299 - 4322 ; 2911 . atraacht C....atraacht trian slóig Ulad laisium no, CRR § 34 1. 2 ; ib. § 9 (rogniad... daronait dā). adorcradar som ┐ torcramar dō and we too are fallen Acall. 3174 . Cf. ib. 3399 (dō). roíarfacht didiu di araile cidh dorala dó...roḟiarfacht dā dḟir aile in cétna, Cóir Anm. p. 320. 6 f.b. genfidh ón ḟir sin ┐ ót ingin siu rígradh na hEtaile ┐ genfidh dō uaidib airdrigh na huili domun, Aen. 1519 . dochoncadar arna rindad fuath na Trai. rorindad and dō dealb in chatha...┐ rorindad ind dō amal rochathaig P., ib. 312 ; further exx. 256 . 326 . 477 . 568 . 1780 . gaeth mór...rothrasccair railghi. rothrasccair doná sé fichit crann i nDoire C. C., AFM iii 38. 10 . AU ii 192. 8 (dō).

C In principal clauses introducing a new predicate with or without `ocus.'

(a) the sentence introduces an additional action or condition of the subject of the preceding clause, the subjects being the same: robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forro leusom ┐ roptar inducbaidiu de dā apud Deum, Ml. 47 a 17 . dobir cros dit sailiu for óchtar do chinn ┐ dogní a tóirand sa dā .U. fort chiunn, Thes. ii 249. 4 . rochúm [Día] in firmaimint imacuairt uime (sc. in talam)...rodelb dō iartin dluma in talman, Laws i 26. 25 . in mét dona fuil ó thalmain coruice suide (sc. in firmamint) issed dono fuil ó thalmain sís co fudomain ifirn, ib. i 28. 18 . rofiarfaig iarum don corrguinech dús cia cumang gonanacair... imcomaircidh dno den deogbori..., RC xii 82. 1 . Amenicán imráidim ┐ dno cóin innláidim, ACL iii 2. 3 .

(b) dā introducing a new subject and a new verb. The sense of dā becomes more emphatic, the statement being strongly marked as additional to what has been said before: further, besides, moreover . cum manu sapere plena fuerit .i. no rapere fit in aliis libris ┐ is manus dā bís indib, Ml. 36 b 2 . inna aithissi dombeirtis som fornni batir athissi dā daitsiu a Dæ, ib. 90 d 17 ; ib. 40 a 15 . dagnítis dā int Ṡabindai aní sin, Sg. 28 a 10 . sed etiam in accentibus, gl. biid dā comaitecht ceneuil do chenéul i naiccendaib, ib. 75 a 7 . is and ba hadaig for feraib Uloth. feraid snechtae már foroib dā (dno LU) CCC § 2 , ib. § 31. 4 . ní déntar ceth crosfigill...etar dí nodlaic. mathid som (i.e. Maelruain) dā and salmu aurnaigthe do chetal, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . canir dā biad fri aitherruch aidchi lúoin. cantir dā salm aurnaigthi aidchi ndomnaich...fogní dā ailli mési laissom (i.e. Maelrúain) aidchi lúoin, ib. 131. 6 - 9 . is ferr laisiom dā he thinks it better, moreover ib. 161. 29 . is ferr dā lais, ib. 147. 27 ; similarly: is aurchail lais dā, 164. 14 . ni haurch. d.l. 143. 18 ; 161. 26 ; cf. also the common phrases issed dā is chóir (is maith, is dóig) la (or issed i. c. lais dā), ib. 134. 11 , 16 ; 148. 8 ; 161. 21 . Other exx. 136. 13 ; 143. 2 , 3 ; 161. 13 .— fochairt iarom for tech nand ... imarnic dō fri oclaig naile, RC xi 4461. 50 . birt roth leis ond óclaich... dobert dono uball dó, ib. 4461. 55 . ar ba fáith si dā she was also a prophetess ib. 4481. 81 . inor aodhar imbe ised dē uchtlebar, ib. xii 86 § 93 ; cf. 72. 19 . ronaisceatar fomoraig a cíos for Érinn...dobretha d na trénfiræ a foghnam dou, ib. 64. 1 . ┐ atrubairt dā in fer cétna riss and moreover the same man said BDD p. 152 . dorónsat baindea muiridhi dia longaib ┐ roiadh dō mórṡluagh na R. do leith tíri, Aen. 2348 . dorala dō olc ele and moreover, another evil happened, ib. 484 . loisccthear Slicceach leo. romarbad dana mac Corbmaic, AFM iii 362. 9 . tucsat ár for gallaibh...domilltea dō Laigin leo, AU ii 164. 7 ; 130. 8 .

D Often in the sense of `too' (`also') immediately after nouns and pronouns (or emphasising particles): domini, quod iustum est seruis praestáte...et uos dominum habetis in caelo .i. abi moga si dā atá for coimdiu i nnim ye, too, are servants Wb. 27 c 17 . cid sisi dā ronfitid ni, 15 c 28 . si totum corpus oculus, ubi auditus, gl. bid corp són dā that, too, will be body, 12 a 27 , cf. són dā, 18 d 2 , 25 c 11 . duber som ainm fíno dun pláig duber[r] for nech ( 77 d 3 )... duber ainm fína dusuidiu dā he gives the name of wine to that too Ml. 77 d 4 . uetustissimi...`plerus plera plerum' (solebant proferre), gl. robói són dā leo this, too, they had Sg. 75 b 4 . ruc som fuil ṁbic uaimse no from me, too TBC-LL¹ 4305 , 4318 (nó). corocherddainse no mo búraig ferge that I too may LL 176 b 26 ( CRR § 41. 4 ). dober comermitin féid fris fessin ┐ fri deacht maic dā do dóinacht mac, Ml. 127 d 10 - 11 . cum Clemente .i. dalte Petir. rachomalnastar sede dā he, too, had fulfilled it Wb. 24 a 37 . Conchobar dā (v.l. dō) hissuidiu inna charput...eirrid Uloth olchenae inna carptib...Bricriu dā (v.l. dō) leo, CCC § 1 . birt macc. laír dā (v.l. dō) bói i ndorus in tige trogais dá lurchuire, ib. § 3 . in pendit...a dénam doa macc accus a sétig dā do pennait that his wife also should do penance Mon. Tall. 163. 18 . Diarmait dā lais, ib. 153. 17 . atá i rriagailib ailibh dā cosmailius fitta in other rules also, 156. 17 ; 138. 36 ; 151. 6 . gid iat Greic nomtairsidh romuirfidis me. Troianaig dō ad buidin bidbudh dam the Trojans, too, are a multitude hostile to me Aen. 458 . —In phrases like the following: isin chath sin dno robenad a láṁ de Nuadaid, RC xii 58 § 11 , the particle goes with the preceding noun (pronoun) and may be rendered by same. bói cath for Scathaig isind aimsir sin dō fri tuathu eile at that time also, at that same time ib. xi 448. 4 f.b. is inntisin dō táinic hEoan in that same year AU ii 192. 10 . sluaghadh la M...┐ is foran sluaghadh sin dā romarbadh hua hInneirghi, ib. 128. 9 . isin bliadain sin dō táinic mórgaith adhbuil, ib. 192. 5 . is annsin dā tánccatar dá prímmucaid Eterxel fón doiri at the same time BDD p. 151. 7 . —Compare also Wb. 6 b 25 : omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, gl. aratá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus. ishé side dā as éola and, where dā seems to emphasise the reference to Deus.

E Often in enumerations without a verb; espec. in the Laws and in the Annals (to introduce a new entry). cethruimi fair ar sellcecht...cethruime dona...cethruimi dono, Laws i 242. 12 . lethchumul dno ó fethemuin... lethchumul dno ó bidbuid...cumul dno...┐ cumul dno..., ib. i 220. 8 - 16 . impudh Uladh dā for Ua L....crech dō leo for Uib Bresail, AU ii 146. 17 . crech la Nial...crech eile dō, ib. i 582. 13 . maidm for Connachta ria feraibh Breifne. maidm dana re Connachta for f. B., ib. i 520. 14 . sloghadh la M...sloghad dā la D., ii 82. 4 ; 88. 18 ; 128. 12 ; 186. 21 . ithé mo thrí indroscc. giallnai do Scathaig...muinterus dā frimsa dadaich, &c. , RC xi 450 l. 127 . FB § 28 . Cf. the 12 times repeated `cia cléirech dā' BColm. 102. 15 - 103. 11 .

F ní (ná, nách)...dano nor...either, like Germ. `auch nicht.' ní lour in bendachad...ní lour dano in nebmaldachad auch geniigt nicht nicht zu fluchen Wb. 5 d 23 . ar ní cumuing side dā imfogbaidetid ná lánamnas manip tol apud mulierem, 9 d 18 . nihil enim intulimus in hunc mundum, haud dubium quod nec auferre quid possimus .i. ní béram ass dā, 29 b 15 . et uos, domini, eadem facite illís .i. nachiberpid si dā ibar cumachtu, 22 d 6 ; cf. 3 a 14 , 9 d 5 . amal nad frescat bás inna cethrai ní bí dā cida fresciso in báis etir lasna dóini so, Ml. 69 b 3 . ní díltai dā (sc. Priscianus) in cétbuid nísin leugnet auch nicht Sg. 201 b 10 . Compare RC xii 68 § 36 . Mon. Tall. 129. 22 ; 131. 22 ; 143. 15 ; 145. 19 ; 160. 4 .

G nó dano, nó dono, nó dno ( BB 323 b 7 . Laws i 112. 1 ), nó no ( BB 35 b 7 ) = emphasised nó, often interchanging with simple `nó.' or, or else . Synon. nó didiu, Fél. 2. 13 . PH 7082 . nach dú immurgu inimfogni fri foxlid nó fritobarthid dā wherever it is construed with the ablative or dative Ml. 27 c 10 . nó dō (v.l. nó itá i.e. ita), ACL iii 293. 16 . Very common in the Laws to introduce a new and different opinion. dogabar eneclann do neoch a dualgus a dhána...┐ nocha faghbar a dualgus a chinn...nó dō go fathar eneclann dó a dualgus a dhána ┐ in chinn aga nderna uirrned, Laws i 62. 2 f.b. senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní is sensus, ib. 34. 28 ; ib. 36. 2 ; 40. 7 ; 68. 5 f.b. ; 96. 17 : 106. 35 ; 108. 5 ; 112. 1 ; 128. 17 ; 130. 7 f.b. ; 188. 7 ; 228. 9 ; 250. 4 (no dō cena); 274. 1 ; 296. 1 ; ii 22. 18 ; iv 8. 10 ; 12. 20 ; 256. 8 f.b. — Aedh Uaridnach .i. uara idna tigdís dó...nó A. Fúaridhnach...nó dā uara tigdís dó, Cóir Anm. § 121 ; ib. § 142 et pass. PH 5719. 5720 . 5654 (dō).

H ocus dano and moreover: rupu accubur leu etergne mu chumachti ┐ rusmbói dā, Wb. 33 a 11 . ocus dō fon cóir cétna cidh adultrus dogneth, Laws i 56. 8 f.b. ┐ dano or si, LU 9052 . aile dano: ainm naild dō din tibroid sin Loch Luibe, RC xii 96 § 126 . Imroll aile B. E. ainm aile do no, TBC-LL¹ 2835 .

I amlaid dano thus, thus also : is samlid dā, Wb. 12 c 46 . pronomen hi foirciunn indib. robu samlid dā robói `modi huius ' hi tosuch, Sg. 203 b 5 . is amlaid dō doroimsi in ferta, ACL iii 30 § 83 . sic dō, Laws i 114. 28 ; ii 244. 14 .

Jin secondary clauses: is torbach du popul flaith firian leu .i. amal as ṁmaith dund flaith fessin dā, Ml. 90 b 11 . adcondairc...nombíth forcleith leo dā for tabairt a coibsen, Mon. Tall. 135. 19 . curo ícuit in cin dō, Laws i 60. 11 , &c. madeadh asbersa...madead asber dono , ib. i 8. 1 .

II Therefore, then, accordingly, itaque, et ita, igitur — both in principal and secondary clauses, drawing a conclusion from what has been said before. By the Irish themselves translated by ergo, igitur, ita (locus ergo, locus igitur, sic igitur, no ita ( ACL iii 293. 16 ) = loc dā, amlaid dā, nó dā). Common in the Glosses, esp. with imperative and in prohibitions, but rare in all Mid.-Ir. MSS.—

(a) si autem spiritu facta carnis mortificaueritis uiuetis, gl. ní bo líach dā a marbad killing them therefore were not regrettable Wb. 4 a 12 . is irlam ind anim do thuil Dée. todiusgadar dana ind anim do dénum maith let the soul, then, be roused to do good ib. 5 c 18 . similiter et uir sui corporis non habet potestatem sed mulier, gl. nách móided dā in fer infechtso hi cumachtu, 9 d 18 . do óis anfoirbthiu tra asrobrad insin. ná bad anfoirbthi si dā arnáp, &c., be ye not imperfect, then, lest, 12 d 26 . ní derlaichta a pecdæ doib acht duratad dígal forru. cenotad maic si raith dā ma imroimsid ní dílgibther duib, 33 b 8 . Further exx. from Wb.: 9 b 10 . 11 b 4 . 13 a 4 . 15 a 5 . 19 d 21 . 28 b 17 . —interrogemus igitur: imchomarcam dā, Ml. 18 a 1 .— vetustissimi tamen et `altera utra' et alterum utrum' solebant proferre, gl. daeltais dā foa dá nóg inna genitin they used to decline it then according to its two integrals in its genitive Sg. 75 b 3 . Setum pro Zethum, gl. biid dā sethvs pro z. Sethus then is for Z. ib. 184 a 1 . derbaid cenél dā i suidib aní remitatét what precedes them, then, certifies the gender in them, 197 b 5 . Cf. further 38 b 8 .— ní diṅgne su mo lessa afechtsa. is ferr let in fer ucut toenur. biat marb so dā (v.l. dna) limsa, RC xiii 377. 8 .

(b) in a weakened sense utpote, nempe, nimirum; videlicet; namely, to wit, that is to say, introducing an explanation or conclusion, like German `nämlich.' non enim per legem promisio facta est Abrachae aut semeni eius ut heres esset mundi sed per iustitiam fidei, gl. .i. dorairngred dā rombad oirdnide a chland ut `in semine tuo rl.' ( Gen. xxii 18 ) it had been foretold, then, that his children would be distinguished Wb. 2 c 12 . ut et ipsi misericordiam consequantur, gl. bid misericordia dano dodaessarsom nípa meritum intan creitfite it will be misericordia then that will save them when they shall believe: it will not be m. ib. 5 c 12 . Dei aedificatio estis secundum gratiam Dei quae data est mihi, gl. Pelagius: non secundum meam uirtutem .i. is per gratiam cotofutaincsi dā it is p. g. that he upbuilds you then, 8 c 16 . Dei et adorent eum omnes angili .i. it les dano indaingil, 32 c 2 . dico...quod idolum sit aliquid? .i. ní ní dā in tídol the idol, then, is not anything, 11 b 11 . Further instances: 10 b 19 . 12 d 12 . 12 d 21 (in secondary clause: arna tomontis dā). 13 a 30 . 16 d 3 (?). 25 a 29 . 27 c 34 . 29 a 28 . 29 d 1 .

Here also Laws i 74. 9 f.b. : in uime rocuiris tech andso ara tabhairt uait fecht naill? in uainn tucadh dō ar sé was it from us, then, it was taken? and Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26. 3 : ticed Celtchar da tír ar Ulaid. ticed dā ar Conchobar let him come then.

III Very common in progressive description or narrative, indicating temporal and logical sequence: then, accordingly, so, upon which, thereupon, now . This usage arose from I, the original sense ` further, again ' being still perceptible.

(a) type: perge ad Columbam. dochóid ón dā `go to Columba' (said Satan). So he went Mon. Tall. 154. 17 . ercc co Comgald co ruccæ breith fort. dochóid som ón dā, ib. 154. 9 . fó duit cia nocotailtea. lasodain dona luig Fergus ina charpat ┐ contuil `it would be well for you to take a sleep.' So Fergus went into his chariot and slept, Laws i 72. 22 . telcar (sic leg.) issin tech hí. tánicc si dā issin tech, BDD p. 155. 9 . rotficbam co port i mbia innocht...dotaet dā reompa (v.l. téit iarom), ib. § 40 Eg. raráidsetar fir Hērend ri Tamun étgud Ailella do gabáil immi...ragabastarsom no étgud nAilella immi, TBC-LL¹ 2839 ( LL 79 b 30 ). raráidset...ri Mac Roth techta go Slíab Ḟúait...táinic Mac Roth reme no go S.F., ib. 4241 . asmbert Domnall nadmbai fóisitiu forcoitil Conculaind conrissed Scathaig bói fri hAlpai anair. nalotar dā...tar Alpai RC xi 444 l. 34 . asbert fris búi glend már ara chind. oentsét coel tairis...luid dō in sét sin nísin, ib. 446 l. 60 . Cf. also: rofaoidh días do thaisccéladh forna slóghaibh... dochódar sidhe dni (sic) go mbattar i ttréchumaiscc na slógh, AFM v 1552. 1 f.b.

(b) indicating progression in general. dothaet Conaire do saigid a harm...┐ gabaid glés nimberta a arm forsna díberga...tofuitet dā sé chét lais, BDD § 143 . bátar trí ríg ...oca urnaide seom...conacces som dō rout forsa mbátar then he was seen ib. § 14 . dolluid (sc. Derbforgaill) anair irricht dá géise ┐ a hinailt co mbátar for Loch Cuan. amail robói dā Cuchulainn ┐ Lugaid laa and conaccatar na heonu, Ériu v 208. 3 . dosrat a sním mór slóig na nG. umman ní sin ┐ rotimairgit dā maithi na nG. cusan rí imon caingin sin, ib. 146. 6 . dorragab som iarum ind praind iterum. robói si dā for suidiu co cend mbliadna Mon. Tall. 149. 24 , 29 . rucad iarum do muliund Ratha Cathair fa dí ┐ foremthes a bleith and...dochuaid dā timthirid Brigdi in tres fecht then B.'s servant went a third time Thes. ii 335. 33 . scaraid dā Bricriu friu iar sodain FB § 11 . ó dochóid tar Alpi ba brónach do díth a choiceli anais dana desuidiu ó roairigestar, RC xi 444. 1 f.b. ib. 444. 1 . TBC-LL¹ 2298 . dochótar immurro uile iarsin co Telaig hUa nD. co ndernsatar ossad mbliadna ┐ fir Muman. dodeochaid dō Domnall ar fut Connacht dia thig whereupon D. went home AU ii 90.23 . táinic Murchad cu nUlltaib cucu ┐ tucsat taelcad doib. romebaid dō for Gallaib, AU i 192. 15 ; 138. 18 , 19 .

(c) introducing a new event or indicating transition to an entirely new subject: now, now as to, as for . as ar chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath. filus trechenélae martre daneu adrímiter ar chruich now there are, &c., Cambr. 38a . ib. 38b . ba cara do Patraic hé (sc. Dubthach) ...luid dā Patraic fecht co tech in Dubthaig sin now P. once went to that D.'s house Thes. ii 307. 9 . nó is Brenainn dorigne in nimmun sa...locus ergo mare tempus uero Diarmata. tánic dā B. co Brigit now B. came to Brigit ib. 324. 21 . ib. 324. 1 . intan dā robói Macc Cecht fora áltaib isind ármaig conaccai in mnái sechae now when M. C. was lying wounded on the battlefield BDD § 162 (the preceding four paragraphs do not deal with M. C.). ib. § 163 , §165 . RC xii 108. 1 . cid Tuath Dei Dononn d derochratar go már isin chath now as for the T. D. D. they lost many men in the battle ib. 58 § 12 ; ib. 66 § 3 ; 74 § 53 ; 108. 1 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 92 § 123 ; 72 § 44 ; 100. 1 ; 104 § 149 ; 102. 11 . isé dō cétní rotheip Dia asin maisi .i. in talam now the first thing which God separated from the mass was the earth Laws i 26. 22 (at the head of a new paragraph). dia té dō bidbuid i ndeaguid a athgabála tar crích now if the defendant, &c., ib. i 220. 19 . ib. 18. 11 ; 28. 23 . In the following exx. from the MT dā stands at the beginning of an entirely new passage: mad doairle sale dā ind láim oc praind imberar usci leosom iarum now if spittle falls on a man's hand, 142. 14 . intí dā arbir bith oss nallaid...non manducat, &c. , as to him that eats the flesh of a wild deer, he must not eat (any other flesh until the Easter following), 146. 8 ; ib. 128. 1 , 7 ; 156. 23 ; 160. 15 ; 162. 8 . Very common is the following type: teclaim ubald dā dia domnaich...ní fogni leusom now as to gathering of apples on a Sunday, it is not allowed amongst them ib. 145. 17 . gille dā nó timtirid ní hécen aithrigi di suidiu as for a servant, 142. 1 . aos tróg dā nád ebat amail cách now as to invalids, 147. 19 ; so also 153. 3 ; 161. 1 ; 162. 1 . Mane Mathramail dā .iv. fichit déc fo churp a ndíbergae as for M. M. BDD § 42 . filedha dana robátar isin indsi si...nicon bíth lóg enech la cach fer díb noberedh gubreth now as to the poets, not a man of them had honourprice who passed false judgment Laws i 24. 28 . in file dō cunnuid forcruid duaisi...as a letheineclunn dígbus uime, ib. 58. 17 ; cf. ib. 62. 11 f.b. ; 30. 14 ; 22. 11 ; iv 50. 1 ; v 368. 9 .—Cf. also: araile ancarae robui hi Cluaoin maic Naois...hé dā hi luibri galar now he was infirm with disease Mon. Tall. 155. 5 . slógad la Domnall i nUlltaib. Ulaid dō i Craib telcha i llongport, AU ii 62. 8 . Here also the common phrase loc dā as to the place (of the hymn), it was: loc dno Duma ṅGobla, Thes. ii 308. 5 , by the Irish themselves rendered by `locus ergo (igitur),' ib. 324. 20 .

IV In commentaries, glosses, or explanatory notes repeating the word or phrase which is to be commented on. Syn. tra, didiu ( Cóir Anm. § 225 , 226 ; RC xi 442. 18 ; BColm. § 6 ). ┐ Raith Guthaird a loc, comm.: Raith Guthaird dō is airi atberur as to R. G. it is so called &c., Laws i 2. 8 . senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō is óní is sensus ciall, ib. 34. 26 . Colmán macc Daráne. Colmán mac Daríne dō .i. siur máthar do Cholmán Dairíne, Fél. p. 172. 31 . Mo Senoc Mughna dā .i. M. darbile mór, &c. , ib. 258. 15 . Luighith dna .i. Hith robo lughu na athair, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 2. 1 . Daire Fine dā .i. duar ḟine, Cóir Anm. § 68 . Also in parenthetic remarks: Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in nimun sa do Patraic. in Fiac sin dā mac eside meic Ercha now that F. was son of Mac E. Thes. ii 307. 2 . Cf. BDD p. 153. 16 . RC xii 108 § 163 . BB 318 b 34 .

V However ,

(a) in concluding sentences after a preceding concessive secondary clause. Syn. camaiph. cia fudama in firián ní du imnedaib hisin biuth frecndairc sóirfithir dā in céin naili dā (one dā is superfluous, but both positions are allowed) he shall, however, be delivered the other time Ml. 68 d 14 . ciasu du Duaid adfiadar isin titul immeairc són dā Ezechiæ though it is to D. that it is ascribed in the title, it is suitable, however, to E. ib. 72 d 9 . With camaiph: ciasidruburt frit tuas `alter utra'...robói camaiph la arsaidi `altera utra,' Sg. 75 b 2 .

(b) however, but ; the addition introduced by dā is opposed to what precedes: intan conucbad in nél nobíth immun aírc migrabant filii Israhel hisuidiu. intan dā nunanad in nél hísin nogaibtis som dúnad hisuidiu when, however, that cloud used to rest Ml. 83 a 4 . aimrit imorro Dairíne clannmar dō Sanct a siur but her sister S. was prolific Fél. p. 172 § 31 . co fil in firmamint na trénbrat gemnaide im talmain co trí nimib ┐ co trí nime impi. in .vii.mad imorro rocertad i trí nimib. ní hé dō sin sosad aingel this last, however, is not the habitation of the angels Laws i 30. 2 . benaid M. C. a chend dond ala fir ...robói dā infer aile oc élúd ass the other man, however, was fleeing forth, BDD § 157 . issed as cóir...arnáchad-fercaigthersu (sc. frit gilla). manatfercaichther frit gilla dā if, however, you are angry with your servant Mon. Tall. 142. 9 . mani chaithea dā feoil if, however, he does not eat flesh ib. 146. 14 ; ib. 159. 38 . bói N. oga uothras ┐ dobreth láim nargait foair lioa D.; nír uo maith d liaa mac sium this, however, did not please his son RC xii 66. 4 f.b. táinic hEoan cona ritirib co Machaire Conaille co ndernsat airgthi ann. táinic dō Murchadh hua C. cucu but M. came up with them AU ii 192. 12 (v.l. táinic imurro); similarly ib. 192. 17 . Same usage AFM iii 40. 6 ; táinic Iohn...do orccain Dál A. tucc doná C. deabhaidh dosoṁ but C. gave battle to him; 34. 3 (doná); 34. 14 (doná); 110. 3 f.b. (dna); 118. 1 (dna).

VI In a weakened sense with interrogatives. ut quid autem...pro impis mortus est, gl. ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . aut in nomine Pauli babtizati estis? gl. cepu dono adrad dæ do thabirt do Pool in chruth sin, ib. 7 d 16 . omnia enim uestra sunt, gl. ce dono rigne occo. it lib huili, ib. 8 d 15 . cid dā dotbératsu chucci, ScM. § 16 . ní fritsa oI sí rodálusa itir. cid tu dana icim dáil why then TE § 13 Eg. ut est `ar is fo gnímaib midither Dia for duine' cid dono arnáb fo gnímaib no mesemnaighther duine for araile for innus sin, Laws i 48. 24 , cf. ib. 54. 3 f.b. —After concessive cia, cid (like Ger. `auch' in `wer auch komme, was auch erfolge'): cia focherta dā a srúb ar gesce folilsad, BDD § 38 . cipé no ná tic ticfasu fessin, TBC-LL¹ 200 . acht ciat-beram ni andso no tæit nech dḟarcsin maigi Mide, ib. 5018 . gid ed dō but nevertheless Aen. 413 .

VII Various usages.

(a) rofetarsa is foirbthe do hires so. ba toich deit dā ar ba foirbthe hires do máthar, Wb. 29 d 3 . ní fil amain tra Bresi ol sé. ba fír ón dno ní bói acht meth foairi sim ond uair sin, RC xii 70. 14 .

(b) even ? tamquam famulus, gl. rubu fer som muintire maith dā dul humal he had been a man of the household. Good is even (also) a humble position, Wb. 33 a 5 .

(c) aṅgo dā is deithbir daitsiu a Ingceoil, BDD § 80 ; ib. § 90 (twice), § 102 h ; angó dā, § 105 .

(d) intan imorro rofuidi Feinius a dá deiscipul sechtmoget do foglum na nilbérla fon doman Cae dna isé rosiacht co Eigipt, Laws i 20. 7 . I have no further examples of this usage.

díchetal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díchetal or dil.ie/16103

Forms: dícetul, dicetail, ndíchetla

oand u, n. (vn. of 1 do-cain) incantation or spell composed extemporaneously by the `fili's' and druids in ancient Ireland: dicetal file, Laws i 30 . cen ail cen fasach cen dicetal, v 480 . roscad no dichetal (gl. fasach), 450 . dichetal (one of the 14 `srotha éicsi'), LL 30d33 . d.¤ do chennaib na tuaithe (included among the 8th year's course of the `fili'), IT iii 50 . coiri caec-dhuirnn . . . do chor ar teinid . . . ┐ dichetal flatha ┐ filedh ┐ druadh do chetal fair, IT iii 187 . adbeart in dicheadal-sa oc tairrngiri ēisc i n-easaib, Lec. 568a10 . roboi Diancecht ┐ a dí mac ┐ a ingen . . . oc dicetul for an tibrait chanting spells over, RC xii 94 . tarclamad crand do cach fid i nErinn don drui[d] ┐ foreimidh d.¤ foraib co tucad crand do a ḟid F. co ndergenai d.¤ fair `over this [tree] he sang a spell' (but possibly crand do cach fid = piece of wood from each tree and the allusion is to spells written in ogham?), RC xvi 68 . gabais [Finn] a mér ina bēolu: a donic as afrithisi foopairt dicetal `he began to chant' (Finn's discovery of his gift of divination), RC xxv 346 . dichetal for ochtraig co ra-thochra a mbí ina íchtur for a úachtar `chanting over a dunghill', Triads 117 (with gl. .i. adhbhal-cantainn le rosg nó orrtha, p. 39 ). dichan dicetal, 348 . tair lium . . . do ṡinnath na fer ┐ dia ndichetal `to bespell them', RC xiii 450 . dodechatar dorchai tar forgnúis in talman la díchitel in druad, Trip.² 568 = dícetul, Trip. 56 . d.¤ rogaeth, Leb. Gab.(i) 258 (Amergin's chant). d.¤ do chollaibh cend, Anecd. ii 75 . g s. bati[s?] slan a n-athgoite tre nert an dicetail na cethri lēge, RC xii 94 § 123 . bidh trom le feraib Erenn beith ac fulang dichelta (= dichetla) na ndrúadh, TBC-LL¹ 5494 St. mes fér for fodhuil dire direch cach dicedla, O'Gr. Cat. 143 . pl. ra bágait a mbrechta ┐ racanait a ndíchetla, co ra eirgetar a n-airbeda drúad impu, LL 239a47 . tria brichtu ┐ dicetla ┐ cantana nolúited in mathair cach maigin, RC xv 311.8 ( Dinds. 18 ). dican ar dichetlui mora derbha, RC xiii 11 . ataig a díchelta ass, LU 4457 = attaig a guth, Anecd. i 22 . co ro chansat a ndruide seom ┐ a filidh dicealta doib, BB 40a38 ; ib. 21 . Common in phr. d.¤ di (do) chennaib, used of a species of poetical incantation which was composed extemporaneously (implying divination?) (the díchetal di ch. was probably a kind of clairvoyance or psychometry in which the seer conveyed his vision or message in a verse or quatrain ; see the ex. given by Cormac s.v. Coire Brecain. The ollam was required to be proficient in the imbas forosnai and the díchetal di chennaib , cf. BB 341b , Lec. 339a , and Laws v 56 ): ba aī dichetail di chennaib, ZCP xv 362 § 47 , see 363 , xvi 178 . The díchetal d.¤ was allowed by St. Patrick as being harmless and involving no pagan rites: dic[h]etal doc[h]ennaib . . . fodrācbad sōn i cōrus c[h]erdae, ar is soas fodēra son: ni ēcen audbairt do demnaib oca, acht aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae fochēdōir, Corm. Y 756 ; cf. Laws i 44 . dicedul ducendaib .i. dul do a cend a dāna focétoir . . . aisnēt-sium imrādad na rann gin smuainedh ┐ gin smuaintecadh, BB 341b34 = Lec. 339a (dicheadal dochennaib). Dubthach doroine dicetal do cennaib for ēn-anāil do cuingidh feraind for C. composed (recited) a `díchetal di ch.' in one breath, LL 392d52 = Lec. 205b34 . dichetal do chennaib (dicendaib, BB) na tuaithe (part of course for 8th year of a fili's training), IT iii 50 (cf. dichetal do collaib cenn, Rawl. B 512, 114c , Anecd. ii 75 ).

dobeóil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dobeóil or dil.ie/17221
Last Revised: 2013

adj (bél) of evil lips, foulmouthed: fer dothengt[h]ach d.¤ amal Dubthach Doél Ulad, TBC-I¹ 2166 . donn dobéoil (MS. doibheoil) 'foul-mouthed chief' Éigse xxxvii 77 § 5 . Of a road or pass tortuous: tre shligid ndorcha ndoveoil (= per longam ac tortuosam et valde difficilem viam), Aisl. Tond. 98.15 . tré gleandaibh cumgacho dorcha dobeóili, 105.2 .

doél,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doél, or dil.ie/17536

Forms: ndoíle, Daolcú

n o, m. and ā, f. chafer, beetle: is neimneach dubh in dáel, Cóir Anm. 263 . líntar a crechta . . . do dēis, do dael ḟota othrach, do gai, BB 193a17 (= duirb, 192b27 ). ilar t(h)or ṅdoel, duba druing, | ilar cruma cael, SR 889 . hidan idan corpan criad, | cuman cuman cruth na ndael, RC xxiii 416 . dael . . . méitigther oirce, Fél. p. 42 ( Fél. Jan. 15 ). ro cnaí daíl a choiss, Trip.² 2862 . Freq. in comparisons: ingen Conmair . . . ina gormdael gobuil-duib, BB 393b33 = inna garmdail, LL 214a7 . duibe iná gual nó druimne daeil, SG 251 . dubithir druim ndáil, BDD 97 . coícait ṁbratt ṅgorm, ┐ ba cosmail cech áe fri druimne (ri findruine, MSS.) ndoíle , TBFr. 19 = fria druimni dúile, RC xxiv 143 Eg. abratchair duba daile (: sāire), LU 3821 ( SCC 37 ). dá brá dóile dubgorma, MacCongl. 97 . Regarded, like the worm, as instrument of dissolution of the body after death: dursan . . . Mac Domnaill do dheól don daol (: Aod) alas that D.'s son is the beetle's prey, ACL iii 304 . not-ísat daela duba (said to the body), ZCP vi 265 . [i]sind áth, ba dúire daol, | is leis docer Congal Cáel doom of death, Fianaig. 12 . a ádbai na ṅdoel ndubgorm (to the body), PH 8256 . mo chorp . . . ní bec lem í co hécaid | d'énaib Dé no de dáelaib (: táebaib) as bait for birds and beetles, ACL iii 216 . Applied fig. to a person who inspires dread (in good and bad sense): in cach níth ba dáel dolaid `a beetle of havoc', Metr. Dinds. iii 340 ( LL 157b14 ). an doel dub Droma Tibrud, ZCP ix 453 . húasal dóel diasnéti (of Colum Cille), ACL iii 218 ( Rawl. 107a47 ). torcair an snomhdhaol seang la Cormac, P. O'C. s.v. daol . cein co ti an daol bán . . . ┐ bidh maith ind ecclas fria re, BNnÉ 305 (a prophecy). pn Hence as sobriquet: Dubthach Dóel Ulad, FB § 12 , TBC-I¹ 2109 , TBC-LL¹ 2825 ; D. Dael, TBC-LL¹ 2750 , 2829 , TBC-I¹ 2055 (see also ¤tenga below). D. Dáel Uladh .i. adhuath Uladh a ḟaigsin . . . mar is aduath lé cách nduine in bheist dara comainm in dáel d'ḟaicsin, Cóir Anm. 264 . Cf. O'Mulc. 347 = doel a graeco dilos (δειλός) formido (an etymol. gloss, not a definition). Hence through misunderstanding the definition: Dubthach Dáel Uladh .i. adhúath Ulad, Cóir Anm. 264 . As n.pr. m.: ingen Dūil Dermait, IT ii1 181 . maccu Dūil D., ib., tri Doil Eirrig, TBC-I¹ 3487 = tri Dóelḟir, TBC-LL¹ 5888 .

Compds. ¤abra dark eyelash: glannua rosc . . . itir clethchor ndub ndóel-abrat, BDD 100d . ¤chomramach: sgiath dhaolchomhramhach ` chafer-marked ', Atlantis iv 176 . ¤chú: Daolcú (name of a black hound), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . Cealtchuir romarb Daelcoin dia luin .i. dia ghae, RC xxiii 325 . ¤dath beetle-colour, jet black: celtur cunnail co ndaeldath, LL 193b40 . ¤ḟuince, 3 C 1 3, 920.6 .

¤tenga chafer-tongue, backbiting, etc.: teist Cathail m. Finguine ríg Dési cu ndoelthengthaib, LL 149b11 . As sobriquet: Dubthach Dóeltenga, FB § 90 ; TBC-LL¹ 2780 , 2811 = D. Dóeltengad, FB §§ 92 , 72 ; TBC-I¹ 2066 . ¤tengthach chafer-tongued, given to backbiting, etc.: Dubthach dael-tengthach, Cóir Anm. 263 . fearand Dubthaig Daeltengthaig, Ériu viii 174 ; mac D. Doeltengaidh, ib.

doich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doich or dil.ie/17790
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dóig, dóig, dáig, doich, doich, doig, dochu, dóig

adj (dóich ?) Mid.Ir. dóig ( doaig, Cáin Ad. § 46 v.l., RC xxv 35.36 ; dóig: Róim, Gorm. March 14 ; dáig: cāid, Gorm. Feb. 21 ). Acc. to Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 494 , ii 666, orig. same word as 1 toich and developed from it through nasalization in the common O.Ir. formula in doich? is it likely? perhaps ; a view contested by Thurn., IF Anz. xxvii 17 , Bergin, ZCP vii 513 , Meyer, Ériu vi 109 . Confusion could also have arisen after -s of copula (1 is). In O.Ir. glosses written doich, doig, compar. dochu, but dóig, Sg. 30a8 .

I

(a) As adj. likely, probable, to be expected: docho interpretatur puto, unde doig dicitur , Corm. Y 463 . tri sethracha góa: béss, dóig, toimtiu, Triads 136 . Used with cop. (expressed or understood) and followed by subord. clause (in O.Ir. without conjunction and with rel. form of vb.), or occas. by vn. clause: doig bas fír it is likely that it will be true, Wb. 5d36 . in doich side do? náde ní d.¤ is it likely of Him? Nay, it is not likely, 4b14 . in doich bid ar for mrath? is it likely that it will be to cheat you? 18a15 . ba doig bed n-ingcert in testimin-so probably this text is corrupt, Ml. 61b15 . menip dóig bes marb in gein, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . iss dóich dot-ícfaither, TE § 9 Eg. ( IT i 124 ). in dóig bát dom éligud-sa ón?, LU 3277 ( SCC § 7 ). in doig bad ē Conchobar? Nach doich, TBC-I¹ 2758 . is doigh is gar bás dam, ZCP vi 25 . is doig indisfit dún an ní . . ., PH 3758 . (Compar.) is dochu do quam contempnere , Wb. 4b14 . is docha as misi it is more likely it is I, Fél. 154 . With vn. clause: in doich epert det-siu `perchance thou mayst say', Wb. 5b29 . doig a mbith fo aengne, SR 2891 . na nethe-si as bud doig algus a [n]dénma things likely to excite a desire of doing them, PH 7795 . nocha docha h'ērghe-si nō (= nā) do beth marb amārach, ZCP x 48 . is dóthcha a beith ag fiaduch, ITS xix 88 . With conjunction: dóig combad ó Dia thísta, LL 117b6 . cenēl n-arba . . . ba doig co mbad é in corci, O'Mulc. 848 . ni cosmail conid tria spirut inglain . . . is dochu conid tria shualchi Dé, PH 2597 . Compar. with DE: is dochaiti conidh fír uair is é M. roscribh it is all the more likely to be true, Anecd. ii 36 § 21 . Rarely referring to a personal subject: ba-sam dóig guin do chnis | daig ind echta dorighnis I was likely to wound, I was near wounding (?), Anecd. i 13.5 . dia ndiglad nech iarna ecaib meite co mbad Mælodrán bad dochom do i n-Herind if anyone should wreak vengeance (?) after death . . . M. would be the most likely to do so (of all) in Ireland (?), Hib. Min. p. 78 = bid he M. bud docha, Rawl. 512 . drem as dóig diar ndínón likely to protect us, Gorm. March 14 .

is d.¤ limm I think it likely, it seems to me: dóig linn bed n-acuit, Sg. 30a8 . cate in tarb . . . in doig lat? Doig leam bad i ndiamraib Slebe C. nobeith, TBC-I¹ 883 . ba dóig la C. ba hí Medb bói and, TBC-LL¹ 1560 . doigh lesi ba codlud don aigid (= illa putavit hospitem dormire), Lat. Lives 69 . fodéma ní nach dóig latt, PH 1564 . mac . . . leis nach doigh fer a choisc da faghail who does not expect to find anyone able to overcome him, ZCP vi 29 . dochóidh i n-ionadh erdhalta in roba dóigh lais semus dia shaighidh, AFM v 1726 . Rarely with DO in this sense: dóigh dhamh bá machtna leis an ridire, ZCP xii 396 .

(b) Folld. by LA likely (in sense of likeable); desirable, an object of liking: a sense which seems confined to compar., where dochu alternates with tochu (toich): micc na muirech . . . ni huatha[ib] tṡáilim sochar | is docho lim Issucán, Fél. 44 ( Fél. Jan. 15 ). is e ba docha . . . la Dia do dóinib domain, LB 113b14 . Iesau robo docho le hIsac, BB 236a41 = ba tochu, LB 113b33 . issí is dochu lind do mnaib Erenn, Acall. 2793 . is docha la Dubthach in chumal . . . inú-sa, Fél. 66 . ní dochaidi linn hé a bheith 'na anmcarait ag C. we do not like him any the better for being . . ., Lism. L. 4793 (= ni tochaite, v.l.).

(c) proper, right (?) (cf. 1 toich): ni dóig immurgu sacrific . . . iterum fri degenca it is not proper (?) to repeat the Sacrament, Mon. Tall. § 56 (text doubtful).

II Hence in Mid. and later Ir. as subst. (f.) IGT Decl. § 14 . opinion, conjecture, supposition: dóigh .i. baramhail, O'Cl. doigh .i. fiadhnaise deise, ib. ? nocon doigh ata in test ecnai doberar for G. G's reputation for wisdom is not a matter of mere opinion (but founded on fact), ZCP xii 371.19 .

Esp. in phrases: dom d.¤ methinks, I daresay, in my opinion ; dar nd.¤ most likely, verily, surely: ní ro maith é dom dóith, O'Gr. Cat. 267.24 . anocht dom dhóigh ní mór mo dhíghnit, Keat. Poems 1596 . dar ndóigh is dearmad 's ní locht, Content. vi 100 . dar ndóich as aislin[g] do chonnairc tú, RC xxiii 10 . i nd.¤ in the belief (that), on the supposition (that): ní benuit crann . . . a ndōigh anma do beith inntibh, Marco P. 179 . do gab eccla R. ┐ O. a ndoigh nach fetfuidis cosnum risna págánachu, Fier. 211 . rithid . . . do ligin an cuslinn a ndoigh co madh fiuchad lennan do beth acu in case it should be, 23 F 19, 16va29 .

(b) hope, expectation, confidence: dóigh, dóchas, muinighin, Eg. Gl. 232 . atá dóigh agam . . . go bhféadfam dul tar na guaisibh sin, TSh. 9628 . an bhetha shiordhuidhe d'iarraidh ┐ doigh sheasmhach a faghala, Luc. Fid. 71 . a Íosa, a mo dhóigh, Parrth. Anma 21 . Folld. by prep. A(S): do bi do doigh as naomhtacht Mháodocc aicce such was his trust in M.'s sanctity, BNnÉ 274 . fa mór dóigh Robeird a lāim ┐ a glicus Muiris, Expugn. Hib. § 6 . triúr as a ndlighfidhe dóigh, Content. iv 26 . dóigh gaisgidh . . . níor dhéanta dhuit asat féin, xviii 33 . fer . . . as ar mó dóigh daoine da raibe beo a man of whom greater expectations had been formed, AFM vi 2058 .

i nd.¤ in hopes, in expectation (of, that), folld. by gen., RE (= FRI) or clause introd. by CO N-: nā bith āthus ort . . . a ndoigh mo grādha-sa d'faghail, ZCP vi 28 . i ndóigh an pheacaidh do ruagadh uatha, TSh. 8962 . i ndóigh ré síoth, 10918 . triallais leo i ndóigh ré tathfann na nGall a hEirinn, Keat. iii 5095 . i ndóigh go bhfuighbheadh fosgadh . . . ón doininn, TSh. 2560 . ag deunamh urnaighthe . . . i ndóigh go ndiongnadh Dia trócaire uirthe, Eochairsg. 89 . ar d.¤ (id.): rocumdaigead cathoir fo talmain lais ar doigh nā faicid se tir nā talumh, Todd Nenn. 188 .

cuirid d.¤ i n- puts trust in, hopes in: do chuir sé a dhóigh a nDia, Psalms xxii 8 . an tí chuireas a dhóigh i nduine, TSh. 618 . cuir h'uile dhoigh . . . am Mac, Fl. Earls 116 .

do-gní d.¤ de forms expectations of, builds hopes on (usually in sense of hoping to attain or overcome): ní gnáth dóigh do dhéiniomh dhí to hope to win anything of her (Leinster), O'Gr. Cat. 500 . dorónsat a bidbaidh dóigh de formed hopes of defeating him, Expugn. Hib. § 14 . fíor-fhlaith ní déantar dhé dóigh `the prince is thought too strong to touch', Content. xviii 120 .

Hence a ground of hope , and with gen. a likely or hopeful subject (for): ní dóigh d'aon ar n-agallmha no one has any chance in disputing with us, Content. viii 20 . díbheargaigh nach dóigh i dtroid whom there is no hope of overcoming, ib. note. guidhim Dia nach dóigh breige who is not likely to deceive (who is unlikely to be deceived?), 3 C 1 2, 387.1 . Tuath Dé nar dhoigh mbíodhbhadh enemies likely to be conquered, 3 C 13, 764.11 .

d.¤ ar chance, opportunity: robhiodh fein ┐ F. ag comhaontughadh re chéle gach uair dogheibhdis doig air, Ériu iv 57 (cf. follg.).

(c) suspicion, conjecture, hint, cognizance (of someth. hidden) usually folld. by AR: má berait dóig dochom neich if they suspect anyone, Cáin Ad. § 46 . fuair doigh [eolus, v.l.] aran ccuas ina raibhe an naomh, BNnÉ 157 . fuair C. doigh ar chogar na ceilge sin got wind of, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 42 . cuirthear i bhfolach é ┐ fuaradar na hamaide dóigh air traced him, Keat. ii 5979 .

(d) Hence manner, fashion, way, condition: ar in dóig i bhfuilir anois, SG 295.31 . maithim dod dhóigh dhíoghraisigh `thy anxious state', A. Ó Dálaigh lii 1 . mar leomhan ag iarraidh dóighe ar ar slugadhne seeking an opportunity, Carswell 65 . doigh .i. modh `a mode, manner', P. O'C.

doilig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doilig or dil.ie/17839
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: duilig, doilid, doilgi, duilgium, doiligh

adj also duilig, doilid. See under suilig.

(a) hard (to do), difficult, troublesome: cach ceist duilig, LL 221a47 ( TTr. 308 ). cath dolig dibergach, Cog. 178 . cless doilig, Metr. Dinds. iii 62 . mór léim ndoiligh rolinges, BS 62 . i ndeabhthaibh duilghe, AFM v 1694 . is dolig a fiss, FA § 12 . is doilig a n-imfulang, Laws v 312.7 Comm. ba dulig cor ristí (leg. risintí) robói and it was hard to cope with, CRR § 55 . Compar. is glicu ┐ is dolgiu, TBC-I² 11 note a . is andsa .i. is doilgi , Laws i 252.16 Comm. anscuiche .i. is doilgiti a scuchad, iii 12.19 . doilgi ná gach gleó dibhsin comhrac in laich, MR 312 . Superl. (for compar.): in fail . . . comlonnaid a aesa is duilgium andásum? harder to encounter, TBC-LL¹ 849 = as andsam, LU. With DO: dolig duit gním n-erred do gabail fort it is hard for you, TBC-I¹ p. 63 n. 19 (LU). fa dolig dóib fri[th]airle int shlúaig romóir, TBC-LL¹ 452 . ní doilig duit co ndena bairgena dona clochaib-se, PH 4796 . a luad nocha doilid dam, Hy Fiach. 230 . ní hí a aés is dulgium dó his age is not his greatest difficulty, TBC-LL¹ 846 . With LA: ragat-sa lib imbárach cid duilig lim, LL 27a23 . an fear comhlainn céad is doilge leat it aghaidh whom you deem hardest (to encounter), Ériu i 87 ; ZCP x 286.28 . ní doilge leiss dul 'na dáil andás i ndáil cech bíid archena he deems it as light a matter to go to partake of it (the Sacrament) as of any other food, PH 5348 .

(b) hard to bear, grievous, distressing: scéla doilge (: choimde), SG 356.13 . co rīs in saidhbri suilid | iar ndai[d]bri duilig domoin, ZCP vi 264 § 8 . pian ele ba doilche inā sin, Aisl. Tond. 97 . ropa doilid la Dubthach ini sin, Laws i 6.24 . ac dighail Dé dhoiligh (Conchubar avenging the death of Christ), RC vi 77 . a fhir do chumm in cruinde | doilig lind do lettruimme, LB 186a13 . gidh doiligh linn gan leanmhain | don bhuidhin, DDána 97.28 . gér dhoiligh ris an rígh na scéala sin, Keat. iii 5382 .

As subst. difficulty, strait: tú-sa i ndulig I am in a fix, TBC-LL¹ 1338 . mac Decill fri duiligh, Gorm. Jan. 1 . i ndulig erraig in the hard time of spring (?), Hib. Min. p. 65 .

(c) Of persons hard, stern, intractable, inexorable: ba dulig irgaile I was stern in battle, Tec. Corm. § 7 . áilgin ag áibhness, rodoiligh i n-irghail, Expugn. Hib. § 5 . abbair fris nip diumsach duilig, ZCP xi 84 § 34 . corbat sídaig teglach tréin | gurbat duilig i ndroibhél, SG 107 . frissin fher ndoilig ndemnach, PH 89 . fiche cét Danar dian dolig, Cog. 152 . ag riarachadh dhámh ndoiligh hard to please, Arch. Hib. i 89.3 . pn As sobriquet (?): iar ṅDonnchad duilig (: bruidin), Rawl. 163b6 . Adv. ag tagra go tuirseach doiligh ré Dia, TSh. 4208 .

dornmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dornmar or dil.ie/18371

Forms: Dornmár, Dornmair, n-Dornmair, Dornmair, Dórdmhair

adj (-már? Cf. rig[h]e mhic dornmair Domnaill (: sogrā[i]d), Rawl. 85a42 ) o,ā (dorn) big-fisted, mighty-handed . pn As sobriquet: mac Feradaig dornmair, Rawl. 151a49 . Dáre D.¤ , LL 319b15 ; Rawl. 147b4 . mic Cairbre Croimchinn mic Daire Dornmhair (Dornmoir, v.l. , p. 68 ), ITS xv 67 . Dubthach D.¤ , LL 277b14 . Applied to a pig: gáir a muc nd.¤ ndega, SG 104.7 .

As n.pr. o, m., LL 170b9 . D.¤ drech-mór, Metr. Dinds. iii 92 . Dornmár, Dinds. 25 ( RC xv 325 ). gen. tucsat cend Dornmair daltaig, LL 204b35 . fa Dairbre mac n-Dornmair , MR 214.19 . pl. tri Dornmair Maigi hUisce, TBC-I¹ 3517 .

As n.pr. f. Dórdmhair (if for Dorndmhair), RC xxix 110 § 2 .

do-róscai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-róscai or dil.ie/18396

Forms: dirósci, diróscai, diroscai, doroscai, duróscai, duroscai, dorósci, dorusci, doróisci, do-d-rósce, doróisce, do-r-róisce, doróscaigi, -derscaigi, derrsgaigi, derscaig, derscigem, diroscat, duróscat, doróscaitis, duroscaitis, doroscea, doroscat, duroscat, du-d-róscat, duro-scainn, dirosced, durosced, du-nd-rosced, doroscaimis, di-t-róscibea, duróscaibea, duroscaifea, duroscibet, duroscaifet, doróscaisset, daroscaigset, doróscichset, doroiscichset, diroscider, diróscaither, doroscaither, doroschither, duroscaibtar, du-n-dan-roscad, derscugud

v (di-ro-uss-scuich-, cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 618 ); later as simple vb. derscaigid, derscnaigid, q.v. Indic. pres. 3 s. dirósci, Ml. 57a1 , Sg. 42b2 , 3 . diróscai, Sg. 42a1 , 40a18 . diroscai, Ml. 133a4 , Sg. 40a17 . doroscai, Ml. 138c12 . duróscai, 114d1 , 115b16 , 134c4 . duroscai, 129b10 . dorósci, TTr.² 216 . dorusci, BB 491b41 . doróisci, TTr.² 1215 . do-d-rósce, 627 , LU 10827 . doróisce, 2467 . do-r-róisce (rel.) Trip. 398.2 . doróscaigi (contam. with prototonic form), TTr.² 1211 , 1213 . -derscaigi, Sg. 40a17 . ní derrsgaigi , IT iii 239.144 . ní derscaig , Alex. 848 , Anecd. v 2.28 . 1 pl. ní derscigem , Wb. 2a14 . 3 pl. diroscat, Ml. 66d12 . duróscat, 69a1 . Impf. 3 pl. doróscaitis, Ml. 136a7 . duroscaitis, 79c6 , 124d2 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. doroscea, Ml. 56a4 . 3 pl. doroscat, 37b14 . duroscat, 69a17 . du-d-róscat, 121a3 . Subj. impf. 1 s. duro-scainn, Ml. 41c6 . 3 s. dirosced, 58d15 . durosced, 129b13 . du-nd-rosced, 33c5 . 1 pl. doroscaimis, 32a21 . Fut. 3 s. di-t-róscibea, Wb. 1d21 . duróscaibea, Ml. 89c12 . duroscaifea, 139b3 . 3 pl. duroscibet, 84b1 . duroscaifet, 84b4 .

Pret. and perf. 3 pl. doróscaisset, Ml. 119d3 . daroscaigset, LL 235a38 . doróscichset, TTr.² 219 . doroiscichset, LL 399b3 .

Pass. pres. s. diroscider, Enchir. Aug. 72b ( ZCP vii 480 ). diróscaither, Sg. 42b1 . doroscaither, 43a2 . doroschither, Ml. 107b5 . Fut. pl. duroscaibtar, Ml. 87b4 . Pret. s. du-n-dan-roscad, Ml. 100b4 . Part. 1 derscaigthe. Vn. derscugud.

I Intrans. stands forth, distinguishes oneself, is conspicuous, pre-eminent; absol. or more oft. with prep. DI surpasses; gl. antecedere, Ml. 139b3 ; antestare, 69a1 , 84b4 , 89c12 , 114d1 ; eminere, 32a21 , 37b14 , 41c6 , 66d12 , 79c6 , 115b16 , 18 , 121a3 , 129b13 , 136a7 ; praecellere, Wb. 2a14 ; praeesse, Ml. 129b10 ; praestare, 56a4 , 57a1 , 113a9 , 134c4 , 138c12 . ni derrsgaigi nech hissind airecht none outshines the others, IT iii 239 . ní derscigem nech di alailiu we have no vantage one above another, Wb. 2a14 . ni bi fodord do neoch dib di arali, ar ní derscaig nech dib di araile, Alex. 848 = ni derscaig nech dib araile, Anecd. v 2 . doróscaisset maic Israhel donaib c(h)enelaib cocríchthaib, Ml. 119d3 . diróscai di hilib a cheneiuil feissin, Sg. 40a18 . ni derscaigi dind huiliu cheneul, 40a17 . is do ilib a cheneoil fēn dorróisce, Trip. 398 . dirósci comparit di comparit a comparative surpasses a comparative, Sg. 42b3 . poisit . . . ni derscaigh do ní. Superlait dno ni derscaigther di. Comparait immorro derscaighidh di neoch, derscaigther di the positive does not surpass anything; the superlative is not surpassed; the comparative surpasses something and is surpassed, Auraic. 694 . ata derscughudh di (sc. dind posit) it (the positive degree) can be surpassed, 688 . doróisci ar áni . . . di ócaib in talman, TTr.² 1215 . doróscaigi do láechradaib domain uile ar ánius, 1211 . cathair doróisce do ṡaidbrius ḟer talman, Alex. 414 = dorusci, BB 491b41 . ingen . . . roderscaig do mnaib Érend, LU 3715 ( SCC § 33 ). roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain . . . do thigib inna hamsiri sin uli, FB § 1 . atait seacht n-ogha agamsa . . . ┐ ata aen ug and doderscaig dib uile, Aen. 214 . batar sech meic for .xl. la C. Doronad palas righda don mac roderrscaigh dibh, Marco P. 82 (possibly whom he favoured most, cf. II (b) below). asbert nád rabi for fertas in betha cumachta dodrósce de, LU 10827 (confusion of trans. and intrans. construction). With other prepp.: duroscibet . . . sech cech[-a?] ríga, Ml. 84b1 . roderrscaigh C. tar na .u. righuib aile, Marco P. 35 .

II Trans.

(a) surpasses, excels: ditróscibea . . . .i. bid ferr oldái, Wb. 1d21 . doroisce dōine Dubt[h]ach D. surpasses men, RC xx 152 = dorróische, LU 489 ; cf. Auraic. 5388 . desmirecht na deerci doroisce cech ndeeirc, MS. Mat. 614 ( LB 251b35 ). etach doroisce cach netach, Thes. ii 326 ( Hy. iv 10 Comm. ). in Spirut naob doroisce cech spirat, Lism. L. 1776 , cf. PH 3658 ; Anecd. ii 10 . int soilsi doróisce cach soilsi, RC iv 256 = LU 2467 . doróisce int ór cech tinde, PH 7018 .

(b) distinguishes, singles out, gives the preference to: bid amne ind eclas . . . feib dosrora [i]nn int ardrí, | uas cach maig rodasderscaig has exalted it above evey plain, SR 4423 . dia nderscaigind hí dona mnáib aili if I should choose her (i.e. Juno), TTr.² 378 . doroisc Dubthach a chumail dím prefers . . . to me, Lism. L. 1179 . feib radeligetar (amhuil rodearscaighid, Add.) a ndaer . . . de doeraib . . . fer ṅhErend, TBC-LL¹ 422 . an lucht derscaiges nó accobrus na rétta saoghalta seach na rétta nemhdha, RC xxv 392 .

dothengthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dothengthach or dil.ie/18512

Forms: dotengtach, doitheangach, doitheangthach

adj (tengae) abusive, scurrilous: fer dothengtach dobeóil amal Dubthach , TBC-I¹ 2166 (LU). ní ba techtaire duit fer lonn d.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 34 . ib. 26.21 v.l. eachlach . . . donaidi dotheangthach, BB 257b29 . Note also: dotengtach gl. bilinguosus, Ir. Gl. 626 . doitheangach double-tongued ; doitheangthach stammering, stuttering, tongue-tied , P. O'C. Cf. doithnge, etc.

do-tluchethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-tluchethar or dil.ie/18526
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: do-s-fothlaig, tothlaig, tothluigther, duttluchur, du-n-tluchur, du-n-thluichiur-sa, duthluchim-se, todlai[g]ther, duthluchedar, dotluichethar, d-a-thluchethar, dotluigigter, du-n-tlucham, duthluchetar, duthlucher, todlaiger-sa, duthluich[ed, dotluchestar, durothlaigestar, dorothlaigset, rotodlaigestar, tothlaigthe, tothlugud

v (* to-tluch-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 650 ) Ipv. 2 s. do-s-fothlaig, LL 14135 . tothlaig, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 18.1 . pass. 3 s. tothluigther, Éigse xxxvii 76 § 3 (= Ériu xiii 40.17 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. duttluchur, PCr. 60a5 . du-n-tluchur, Ml. 74d3 . du-n-thluichiur-sa, Études Celt. xl 64 ( Ml. 44c20 ). duthluchim-se, 71c20 . 2 s. ara todlai[g]ther , 32a5 . 3 s. duthluchedar, 38d1 . dotluichethar, 36a28 . d-a-thluchethar, 30a10 . dotluigigter, Laws ii 316.z . 1 pl. du-n-tlucham, Wb. 21d9 . 3 pl. duthluchetar, Ml. 85d5 . Subj. pres. 1 s. duthlucher, Ml. 49d10 . todlaiger-sa, 38c22 . Impf. 3 s. duthluich[ed, Ml. 124d9 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. dotluchestar, Hy. v 47 . durothlaigestar, Trip.² 283 . dorothlaigset, 1146 . nad rotodlaigestar , Ml. 124d9 . Part. tothlaigthe. Vn. tothlugud. In Mid.Ir. treated as simple vb. with stem tothlaig-, tochlaig-.

(a) desires, craves, beseeches, asks (usually of an expressed desire or request): gl. efflagitare, Ml. 49d10 ; exigere, 85d5 ; petere, 21b3 , cf. Wb. 21d9 ; poscere, Ml. 30a10 , 32a5 , 38d1 ; postulare, 38c22 . tothluigim .i. altaighim, O'Dav. 1565 . in trath tothlaigit cain when they demand law, Laws iv 228 . mír dothluchestar, Hy. v 47 . tothlaigestar dig, IT i 138 ( LU 10596 ) (dothothluigestar, Eg.). tocluidhset biadh, RC xiv 60 . duthluchedar techt im-mes in chom[ded], Ml. 38d1 . tothlaigit nóim Erenn tidecht na dunibad, RC xii 426.2 . dorothlaigset imchaissin Críst, Trip.² 1146 = dorothlaichset, Lat. Lives 27 . With CO, Ó, AR (FOR) of pers. asked: amal dunthlaichiur-sa cucut . . . thu fortacht as I ask of thee thy help, Ml. 44c20 . dorothlaig bannscal co Dubthach co tised Brigit le, Lat. Lives 69 . dorothlaigestar a mberla-sa gu Gaedheal, Auraic. 207 . rathothlaigsetar . . . co rothothlaiged saide co Athirne ní dia éicsi do thadbsin dóib that he would ask A. to show, Ériu vii 4 . dotluchor dilgad o Dia, Corm. Y 20 (arco). dutluchadar dilguth . . . o n-a brathrib, Ériu vii 160 . tothlaigit bennachtain uad, RC x 80 . rothothlaigset fortacht o Dia, PH 6292 . ar Cormac rothothlaig Cairpre . . . an teagasg-sa, Tec. Corm. 2 n. 1 . rothothlaig ar an Coimdhed cu tarda thalmain . . . dhó, Lism. L. 3560 . tothlaigh taithleach ar an Uan, Ó Bruad. i 6 . intí dia ndligi ḟiachu, dosfothlaig fair from him who owes thee (lit. from whom thou art entitled to) debts demand them, RC iii 184 . durothlaigestar P. tri itgi fair, Trip.² 283 . tothlaigis sin iarata ferainn fair asked a grant of land, BB 191a53 . rothothlaigh Guairi for Senchan .i. Táin Bo C. do faisneis, ACL iii 4 . dorothlaig fair co ro-innised ferta Brigte, Hy. v Pref . ( Thes. ii 327 ). With FRI: imscarad dotluigi(g)t[h]er flaith fri aigillni which the chief requests from the tenant, ZCP xiv 385 § 50 ( Laws ii 316 ). adgaur nó duttluchur gl. convenio (used of summoning before a tribunal, taking action against), PCr. 60a5 .

(b) In later med. texts tochlaigid craves for food (esurit): mac . . . is ferr gne . . . ┐ is ferr tochluighis who has most appetite, 3 C 19, 223ra34 . da ttocluighi in ben torrach neithedh grainemla, 224rb7 .

drem(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drem(m) or dil.ie/18631

Forms: drem, dream

n ā, f. (in later lang. a d s. also drem, dream). Indefinite number of people, band, company: drem .i. diairimh, O'Dav. 698 . atat drem dermár aile and, FA § 29 . drem timairciter ar ecin, § 23 . mórdrém (leg. -drem) Dé, Fél. May 21 . sardrem a great throng , Gorm. 13 . munter Padraic . . . drem ca roibi roLaiden, Lec. 92d12 . dream nó táin dod shluagh, Oss. vi 26.16 . co romarbsat dreimm moir, AU 1018 . romarb Dubthach in dreim cáem, LL 153b28 . co ndréim aile do mathib Ulad, LU 2900 . in dara drem . . . in drem aile (two teams in a game), Laws iii 252.5 . bud sgiath dítin do gach dreim, SG 18.34 . amus do tabairt ar drem do coblach Sil M. on (some of) the people of the fleet, RC xviii 166.4 (Tig., cf. CS 1145 ). d'oendreim dóib they were of one company, BColm. 90.11 . iar barbad (= marbad) dremmi, LU 4348 . ar luad cacha láechdreimme heroic folk, Metr. Dinds. iv 24 . dá trian na dreme dorochair do nimh, O'Dav. 698 . ar marbhadh dréime móir (sic) do muinntir L., TFrag. 148.21 . mac Noe na n-il-drem, LL 520 . Murend ingen C. . . . eter dremmaib gualand nglan among bands of white-shouldered women, 140b12 . ní rondegtherb dia dremmaib he did not well to separate from his troops, Metr. Dinds. ii 48.30 . tiaghaid amach iona ndreamaibh by bands, Proverbs xxx 27 .

Of definite individuals: romarb Fer diad, duairc in drem, | Dam ndreimed is Dam ndilend, TBC-LL¹ 4128 . ceithri meic B. ba drem dil, Lec. 439b6 . is iad an dias ban úd ┐ an dá dhraoi dream ba táscamhla d'fhine Ghaedhil, Keat. ii 1398 .

Freq. with partitive DE some of: fóidit úadib dreimm . . . dia túathaib, SR 4651 . rofhóid drem do na Farsaidib imalle fris, PH 2175 . adbathadur drem díb, ZCP viii 274.23 . bualadh T. do drem dia muindtir fén, RC xviii 35 (Tig.). In absol. constr.: doní dream denam aile some give another version, Metr. Dinds. iii 362 . drem . . . drem some . . . others: drem díb-sin nocha dlegur . . . drem eile diub dlegur . . ., Laws ii 86.5 , 8 Comm. drem díb dan anaithnigh | drem díb dan eól, ZCP viii 216.7 . drém uainn 'na cotlud, drém oc faire, drémm oc cantain chiúil, Todd Lect. vi 54.2 . Cf. trí tráth . . . doréir foirne ┐ sechtmain doréir dreimi eili, SG 50.22 . Folld. by defining rel. clause, of a particular class of people: mellaid demun . . . in drém na techtait in fír-Dia, PH 1950 . an dream do léighfeadh anmanna na dtreabh soin whosoever should read, TSh. 452 . an dream ag a maithfidhe a bpeacaidhe dhóibh (= quorum remiseritis peccata), Eochairsg. 7.6 . da dhearbhadh cia an dream lér thuiteadar, Keat. ii 1474 . So with gen.: do dreim na heiséirgi resurrection-folk , ZCP viii 211.18 . cian a drem inguire uad those who would have tended him, O'Gr. Cat. 361.16 . dream an teagaisc teachers , Gadelica 4.17 .

Rarely of animals or things: marbaid dam dreim de lochdaib kill me some mice, SG 313.18 . atbert E. dreim dona briathraib-se, BB 422a37 .

Cf. dramm.

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