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Abraide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Abraide or dil.ie/84

x see Ebraide

ahæ

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ahæ or dil.ie/711

interj a.¤ .i. interiacht ebraide gl. hem, Ml. 131c3 .

bélrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bélrae or dil.ie/5638

Forms: bérla, bélre, bellrae, mbéelre, mbélre, bélri, bérli, belrai, bélru, belru, il-bélre, mbélre, il-béelre, il-bélrib, béarlaoi, berla

n io, n. also bérla (note -rl- in Wb. ex. cited below, see GOI 113 ). Later m.(bél). n s. bélre n-echtrann, Wb. 12c46 . cech mb.¤ , Ml. 42c12 , bellrae, 53d3 . a s. a mbéelre , Wb. 12d6 , mbélre, 13a2 . g s. bélri, Wb. 12a10 . bérli, 12d4 , belrai, Ml. 31b23 . d s. bélru, Wb. 12b23 , Sg. 31b13 , belru, Ml. 42c14 . a pl. il-bélre, Wb. 12c19 . g pl. inna mbélre , Wb. 13a26 . il-béelre, 12d7 . d pl. il-bélrib, 12b24 . Cf. a pl. béarlaoi, Timth. 1916, 38 , 38 § 14.

I

(a) speech, language: in belrai gl. ling[u]æ, Ml. 28b13 . máel dub fair ┐ belra formend leiss `stammering speech', BDD 114 ( LU 7599 ). ro chren a berla cach ṁbrúit his words (?) provided every history, LL 4424. bídh . . . / sbéis ag mnáibh i mbēarla mBriain, Magauran 230 . aslinge .i. absque linga .i. cen bērla nó tengaid, O'Mulc. 66. dúil bélrai glossary (belonging to the curriculum of the eighth year of poetic training) : duili bélraí (berla, v.l.) sicut est duil dromma cett (see 3 dúil) `Glossare' (182.21), IT iii 50 § 92.

(b) Of specific languages: ataat ilchenéle bérli isin biuthso gl. multa . . . genera lingarum, Wb. 12d4 . du cach belru la grecu `to every dialect among Greeks', Thes. ii 226.23 (PCr.). cech deidbli fil i mbērlæ is -ān nō -ēne dofūarusccuib, Corm. Y 1301. ced belrai inso (i.e. Latin), Trip. 128.7 . cen berla i tirib aneóil, SR 3448. gach son fordorcha gach berla `every obscure sound of every language', Auraic. 11. na dá bérlai (berla, v.l.) sechtmogat, Ériu iv 136.16 . ro fogluim an berla nEgebtacca, Laws i 20.9 Comm. tresan mberla Scoiteagdha, BB 38a30 . isin berla Grecdaí, ZCP xxx 101.6 . condat lia na cenela inaid na berlada, BB 3a9 . gen bérla in tíri i ndechatar, Celtica iv 18.10 . in berla i-n ro-genamar our native language, PH 5380. na berla ro cúmscaigit . . . ico'n tur, 5456 . o'n berla Ebraide , 5487 . o bélraib aingel (= 1 Corinth. xiii 1 ), 5909 . in Tenga Bithnua labhrustair o berlu angelacda `in the language of angels', Ériu ii 104 § 15.

Of the noises of animals: do berlaib cech mil bladmair, SR 7263. belra dligthech (spoken by birds) rational language, Ériu ii 118 § 54. béarla na n-éan, Measgra D. 56.23 .

Hence people, nation : ceneel na [= ná] belre, Wb. 28b1 . tuucthar hi cech belru gl. cunctis gentibus nota est, Ml. 42c2 . in lín catrach in cech threib ┐ in lín mbélra in cech cathraig, ┐ in lín doine im (leg. in ?) cech mbelra, LB 132b30 .

(c) In the mod. period specially of (the) English (language) : 'san mbérla, RC xxv 388 § 2. a hucht a bérla `relying on . . . her knowledge of the English language', AFM v 1530.12 . riaghail . . . S. Clára arna tionntúdh i ngaoidhilcc as bérla, Ériu xv 6 title. croinic Bhéarla Stanihurst, Keat. iii 5462. i Laidin i Scoitic ioná i mBéarla, Flower Cat. 574.z ( GJ xiv 714.67 ).

II In various technical phrases of special forms of language. Of the five divisions of Gaelic: cia lin cenel n-anmann . . . forsin ngaeidilg ? . . . a cóic .i. gaeidelg ┐ bérla teibide ┐ bérla Feni ┐ bérla n-etarscartha iter na feadaib aire[g]daib ┐ in gnath-bérla fognus do chach olcheana, Lec. Gl. 209. an Ghaedhealg . . . 'n-a cúig codchaibh, mar atá Béarla na Féine, Béarla na bhFileadh, Bearla an Eadarscartha, Béarla Teibidhe is Gnáithbhéarla, Keat. ii 140. b.¤ (Féine) (the language of) the Laws ; law, the legal enactments : epscop ┐ saoi berla féne, AFM ii 636.12 . brathchai .i. bretho Cai, ainm aicepta bēlri `a reading of law' (Index), O'Mulc. 125. condelg mbélri (mbearla, mberla, v.ll.), O'Dav. 843. roslá bérla breithemhan, LL 386a36 = sós la . . ., Leb. Cert.² 160.2 . suí Berla a doctor of the `Bérla Féine', Laws i 16.23 Comm. (of a Leinster king) ba hollom berla Féne, Metr. Dinds. iv 344.29 . Crith Gablach graece crisis .i. iudicium, nomen aiciuchta bēlrai, O'Mulc. 229. is e sin othrus is luga isin mberla, O'Curry 587 (H. 3.18. 290). Cf. Keat. ii 140 cited above.

For b.¤ (bán) biait see biait. Note also: imróefet fri berla / o Róim (glossed .i. imrádfit berla Románach), LU 9841.

b.¤ n-etarscartha: berla n-edarscartha etir na feadhaib language of separation between the vowels, Auraic. 210. See etarscarad. b.¤ (na filed) a poetic jargon, an artificial language practised by the poets, `part of the sixth year's course of the student-fili,' fili (for poems in B. na f. see Meyer, ZCP v 482 - 490 ; RC xi 125 , xiii 220 ). (of the ánrad poet) belru na filedh as a naicillidh cách dib aloile, O'D. 1214 (H. 2.15, 84a). b.¤ fortchide see 1 fortchide. b.¤ teipide, tóbaide the selected language, Gaelic , see teipe, teipide, tóbaide: go bhfuilid focail as gach aointeangaidh ar airleagadh san cheathramhadh mír don Ghaedhilg ré ráidhtear Béarla Teibidhe, Keat. ii 948.

1 do-ingair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-ingair or dil.ie/17903

Forms: dingarthæ, domringarta, dingrae

v (* di-in-gair-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 535 , Wortk. 209 ).

(a) calls (by a name): issed in dara hainm déc ó ndingarar Críst la Ebraide one of the eleven names by which Christ is called, Corm. Y 750 . conid treda i ndiṅgarar, RC xx 250.3 (ACC). is aire id bo-aire doningairter, O'Curry 882 ( H 3.18 395a ). conid o anmannaib na mban sin doingartatar a cenéla, Rawl. 155b47 . co ndingerthar . . . Brigeoit, 125b18 . Part. dingarthæ gl. appellati, Ml. 93b7 .

In the follg. perh. confused with perf. of do-im(m)gair: domringarta a gabais mo (u)opair ┐ aspered frim . . . `I was watched' ( entreated ?), RC xii 64 § 29 (2 do-ingair?). daringart . . . dig cosind ingin called to the girl for a drink, ZCP viii 310.7 .

Vn. dingrae.

do-intaí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-intaí or dil.ie/17922
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dointám, duintae-siu, do-da-inta, tintáith, dorintai, intarrae, tintáid, tintúd

v (* to-ind-so-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 635 ). Indic. pres. 1 pl. dointám, Sg. 26b4 . Subj. pres. 2 s. duintae-siu, Ml. 3a13 . 3 s. do-da-inta, Sg. 20b10 . 2 pl. mani tintáith , Wb. 12d2 . Perf. 3 s. dorintai, Ml. 3a7 . du intarrae , 54d3 . Later as simple vb. tintáid, -óid. See also tintaigid. Vn. tintúd. IGT Verbs § 64 .

I Intrans. turns back , returns (opposed to do-soí turns, imm-sói turns round, but sometimes in later lang. used merely in sense turns): ní brónach donintarrái not in sorrow has he returned, Wb. 16b13 . duintarrae inna ucht fesin (his prayer) has returned into his own bosom, Ml. 54d3 . is [s]lan dudintai huath, Irish Texts i 10 § 31 . tintāi C. aithirrach i mMag Muirthemne, TBC-I¹ 1345 . dointói F. día chrích, Imr. Brain i 43.15 . na[ch] long notaidhled in cuan-sa ni tintadh slan uad, CCath. 2902 . dorinntói for cúla isin tech, Hib. Min. 65.26 . rothintá for cúla don cathraich, TTr.² 161 . tináisett na techta doridisi co Tenedos, LL 234a45 ( TTr. 1289 ). Of fig. motion: airchindech . . . noch tindta fri peacad aitherrach, Laws v 118.7 . mac fir . . . na tinntae i tuaith acht sōid fri aithrighe who does not return to the laity but turns to penance (of a cleric), 202.7 . na tinntaba cin na codnach for aite will not revert to the fosterer, ii 176.25 Comm. Turns: tinta frim, Ériu i 116 . tintai P. friu, Lat. Lives 54 . na tíntod fri holc let him not turn to evil, LB 261a61 . Turns, changes: tinntuit asinn aicniud sin i llitrib, Auraic. 333 . Ripens : do ionntódar a heatha 'her corn has ripened', Giolla Brighde 186 § 11 .

II Trans.

(a) in lit. sense turns back: dointō (dointái, LU) Oengus . . . in slog n-uile, TBC-I¹ 2133 . cid dobrintái? what has turned you back? SG 311.12 . it hé tondguir na séisbeimeand nóthinta a corraib ┐ a brainib na mbarc which were turned back (reverberated) from the beaks and prows, TTr.² 901 . Fig. converts: gādatar tíssed in nōeb . . . ara tintarrad ō chlóen | tūatha hÉrenn do bethu, Hy. ii 18 . Changes: cona tinto na fiacla dath, 24 B 3, 56.30 .

(b) translates, renders (freq. in O.Ir. glosses): gl. transferre, Ml. 3a13 . nad tintae-siu al-latin do gregaib, 3a15 . condib ōin-son tintá in son n-ebraide , 37a10 , Wb. 12d2 , Sg. 20b10 . ainm n-eccomtigh . . . .i. beo ┐ uita don-intai `vita' translates it, Hib. Min. 441 . cruimther . . . is annī as premter dorintāiset

they translated `cruimther' from `premter', Corm. Y 211 . rotintāiset sūid . . . a hebru, a greic i l-latin, ZCP iii 22.14 . rostinnta P. in leabar-so a Tartairidh a Laitin, Marco P. 2 .

(c) In Laws reverses, turns aside, cancels: doinnthai flaith ┐ fine . . . cach cor nā toltnaigter may annual every covenant to which they do not assent, Laws iv 54.8 . atait secht cuir foceird mac . . . nach tindtai int athair um a mac which the father does not reverse, v 284.26 . atait tri cuir tintai mac im a athair, 436.22 .i. taithmigend, 438.3 Comm. tri cuir tintaiter do réir britheman, Triads 150 . doinntaithe in cor sin would be cancelled, O'Dav. 149 . ? cach cunnrad conceil ainme doindtaite . . . .i. is tinnto in cunnarta uile, O'D. 801 (H. 3.17, 574).

ebraide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ebraide or dil.ie/19349

Forms: ebraide, n-ebraide, Ébraide, ebraidi, Ebraide, ebraidiu, ebridiu, ebraidi, ebraigi, n-ebride, ebraidi, hEbraide, nebraide, hEbraide, hEbraidib, Ephradaibh, habhruighibh

adj io-iā Hebrew: trop ebraide , Ml. 54c35 . Maire ingen Ebraide , SR 7504 . aipgitir e.¤ , Auraic. 1263 . a s. in son n-ebraide , Ml. 37a10 . in mbelra Ébraide , PH 2619 . g s m. in suin ebraidi , Ml. 37a10 . g s f. i mbrú na ógda Ebraide , SR 7516 . d s. isint sun ebraidiu , Ml. 37a10 . 71c11 . ebridiu, 37a8 . isin brethir ebraidi , 133b13 . ebraigi, YBL 285b11 .

As subst.: frissin n-ebride , Ml. 2d3 . canóin ind ebraidi 136a13 . Issu mac na hEbraide son of the Hebrew woman Fél. p. 44 (Jan. 15 n.) . n p. na hEbraide , Rawl. 77a39 . g p. firinne na nebraide , Hib. Min. 10.338 , 341 . maccaim na hEbraide , PH 2614 . Eipistil...dochum na nabhruigheadh, NT f. 180b . d p. la hEbraidib , Fél. p. 118 (Ap. 24 n.) . do Ephradaibh , Auraic. 3993 . am abhraidhe dona habhruighibh , Phil. iii 5 . n s. Eabhruidhe fir no Eabhruidhe mná, Deuteronomy xv 12 .

éicen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicen or dil.ie/19711
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: égean, éigean, éicin, écen, éigean, lucht éigne

n ā, f.; later also o, m. égean fem. IGT, Decl. § 54 . éigean masc. § 53 . TSh.

(1) In the earliest recorded exx. the meaning is usually necessity, compulsion; cf. ēcin .i. cin ēca. no ēc cána. i. ēc riagla `ecin' i.e. `crime of death' or it is `death of law,' that is `death of rule' Corm. Y 547 : hi cumcai no innecin (gl. in angaria) Tur. 134 . ni écen dob imchomartt ach[t] is dúdract lib, Wb. 3b21 . conabad éicen doberad ní domsa huaitsu act combad tol (gl. ne velut ex necessitate bonum tuum esset, sed voluntarium) 32a12 . soit a n-écin i toltanche convert their necessity into freewill FA 23 . ma egin fo ruair gan a denumh, Laws ii 292.23 Comm. ni heiccen beires ó thoigh | acht do thuillemh tuarastoil ZCP viii 116 § 10 . dena idpairt dona deeib...┐ logfaid do Dia fen duit, uair nosfitir conid écen doberar fort, PH 729 . do ghuidh é fa lamh leis chum síobhail rómhóir do bhí 'na éigean air do dhéanamh a very long journey which he had to make ZCP ii 558.23 . Freq. in the sense of adj compulsory, needful, necessary ; ( éigean .i. dligheadh, O'Cl. refers to Metr. Dinds. ii 2.18 , see Hermathena xiv 468 ). egin .i. dhigthech, ut est is egin mór do thuirimh isin trefocul focra, O'Dav. 806 .

(a) abs.: is hécen ainmne occo patience is needful in it Wb. 4a26 . is hecen sainecoscc leosom for accrannaib innaní prechite pacem they deem it necessary to have a special appearance... 5a5 . ní ecen a thodiusgud asreracht cene, 4d27 ; 26 . 16d7 . Ml. 127d8 . na bad écen for cúrsagad in fechtsa it should not be needful to reprove you Wb. 14d1 . arnap éicen a ngóire i n-æclis, 29a10 . mat anmann adiechta emnatar and is écen comacomol hisuidib, Sg. 189b4 . nípa hécen tene bratha dia nglanad, Mon. Tall. § 6 . § 37 . ni heigen ime riu, Laws iv 162 n. 1 . Asia... tír innach éicen fúr fled, LL 135a45 . ba hecen fer cechtar a da slabradside either of those chains required a man (to hold it) Rawl. 131b26 . as écen do thabairt foraib (gl. indignatio severitatis motus est peccatoribus necessarius) Ml. 49b6 . h[u]are as n-ecen condib oinson tintá in son n-ebraide cosnaib ilchiallaib techtas, Ml. 37a10 . atait tri neithe is ecean cum na coimriachtana, Ériu ix 63.28 . is ecen co n-icthar cech ní, PH 7538 . mac bec doringni in gním sain...nocorb éicen...ingantus de, cia nothísed..., TBC-LL¹ 949 . Cog. 62.24 . ota imad na n-inad anna n-eirginn si...as egin co fuil an talam comcruinn it must be that the earth is round Ir. Astr. Tr. 32 w . ní fhuil ainm oile...ionarb éigean sinne do shlánughadh `non est aliud nomen...in quo oportet nos salvos fieri' TSh. 2088 .

In this use often written éicin (éigin), but the form intended is usually doubtful; the follg. metrical exx. may be noted: in cédḟer ór slondadh sind | ollamh darb écean uirrim, IGT, Decl. ex. 658 . budh éigin trá a thocht asteagh | lá éigin ar ghort nGaoidheal, TD 1.9 . bas dar éigin umhla, 33.15 (but see varr.). an chríoch ḟionnsa ón héigin troigh | a ciomhsa d'ḟéigin d'ardaibh, 41.18 . In mainbad éicin (gl. subjecta est non volens) Wb. 4a20 , the word is acc. after mainbad, cf. Ml. 111b28 , etc.

(b) with dat. pron. or do of pers.: issum ecen precept I must needs preach Wb. 10d24 . níb écen log ye need not pay ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 143 ) 16c17 . 22d12 . isim écensa techt I have to go TBC-I¹ 221 (LU). ZCP x 293.14 . Ériu v 209.40 . atabairecen techt ye must go FB 7 . is ecen dam (gl. compellor) Ml. 21b9 . is hecen doib ingremmen do foditiu, Wb. 30c23 . in tan na fádbait a mbiad díles, is écen dia n-anmannaib bás d'fhaghbail, PH 7476 . dó ba hecen (: tēitgel) biathad Echach, LL 183b26 = Arch. Hib. ii 70 . comba hecin di usce...da tharraing, RC xxiv 190.7 . in bocht dana hégen dul fó breith, PH 7520 . ba heiccen doip gan a snámh do dhermat, Fl. Earls 76.12 . is éigean dó cúntas...do thabhairt, TSh. 793 . Attrib. gen.: áine écni, in tan na fagaib nech ni romelad, PH 8366 .

In concrete sense: treb Leui...batir-side soer ó cech écin acht frestal eclaisi Dé exempt from all obligations LB 124a31 .

(2) In a slightly different shade of meaning, force (i.e. exercised by persons upon others); violence; tyranny: écen (gl. violentia) Sg. 51a1 . cisi ecin det-birt as in tir? nim tucc acht ...m'anuabhar fesin, RC xii 72 x . tre ēicin sāruighthe, Laws ii 376.6 Comm. uli eccen ┐ écomland in popuil Rómanaig for in popul Iudaide , LB 154a24 . Freq. in attrib. gen.: forcomul n-ecne `violent seizure' (occupation by force) Laws ii 376.1 . iv 270 z . lanamnas eicne (.i. donither ar eicin), ii 404.14 . connmedh égne forcible billeting RC xviii 194.24 . ni da deoin dochuaid-sium and, acht tre aslach eicni, TTebe 1501 . masa targud eicne tucastur orru do denam in marbtha...ma targud aisi if he led them out by force...if with their consent Laws iii 114.19 C. sí le héigean go n-aghar | ní héidear í d'átaghadh, TD 17.3 . dá mbhentá a chuid tré éigion do dhuine shouldst thou take his goods forcibly Mac Aingil 266 . éigean `violentia' TSh. 7783 . lucht éigne `violenti' 10812 .

In concrete sense, an act of violence, an outrage: is mō .. in écen iná 'n goit, PH 7559 . o fhir na hécni the perpetrator of the outrage 7561 . fer éicne, 7600 . ag agra goidi...ocus saraighthi ocus egni, Laws v 42.19 Comm. cia dobeir inn eicin ┐ inn imluadsa orumsa ?, TTebe 372 . ba hiat eicne doghnítis an loingius-sin...port gacha luingi do loscud ┐ crechad gacha tuaithi..., Lism. L. 2945 . co nderna éccne iomdha i ttuathaib ┐ chellaibh `acts of violence' AFM ii 1150.17 . Cf. éicni fastuda, TBC-LL¹ 5837 . menimthistais écne éc, Ériu v 210.2 . a gcumus...ar éigean ┐ ar mharbhadh daoine, TSh. 1723 . ar an éigin do-rinne Críost ag buain anma an duine dhe, 10515 . cia do lemadh an eigean sin ar a athair CF 310 .

Of a disaster, calamity: roshocht Adraist ar an ecein sin (i.e. the earth swallowing Amphiaraus) TTebe 2972 na heicnea-sea do lecun ar na Tiabandaib, 1616 .

Violation, rape: ecen mire `violating a madwoman' Laws i 176.2 . cu n-aithreosad a heicin muna dernad a toil, ZCP xiii 183.11 . ar bithin eiccni tuc Tir ar a derbshiair .i. Pilomena, TTebe 1862 . adubairt eiccen do thobairt fuirri, 1690 . dá ttugthá éigion mná, Mac Aingil 266 . Here probably belongs: ro órdaig Brigit banfili ...gol ┐ caine marb ┐ eigem fri hecin screaming when violence is offered Dinds. 159 = LL 170bz .

Cf. rucad laeg mo bo a purt éicne uaimse from a place whence it could only be taken by force (?) LL 171a35 = CRR § 3 .

(3) In phr. ar éicin (éicen) by or under compulsion or force: ar écin (gl. coactum) Ml. 18b7 . (gl. invitus) 42a15 . ar ecein, 68b3 . ar ecin nos bered (Simon, qui crucem in angaria portabat) Tur. 134 . ciatasode lat ar écin though thou keep her with thee perforce Wb. 10a10 . fochidi ar écin ...fochidi o thuil compulsory tribulations...voluntary tribulations 15d33 . ceni thaisid ar ois daregaid ar ecin, Ml. 33b15 . mina this ar ais rega ar eigin, YBL 121b11 . LB 228a46 . tabuir ass hi ar áis no ar écin, IT i 130.4 . ar éiccin no ar áis, Ériu iv 228.5 . co tuc Ogeth huad tria chath | ar écin iarna marbad, SR 5292 . IT i 130.21 . berid ar écin Murni for aithed leis, LU 42a12 . RC xxiv 186.16 . at-ib loim ar eicin and, Laws iii 82.8 . dream timairciter ar ecin do denam thole Dé, FA 23 . a furail air ar eicin dul ina coimlepaid, YBL 63b23 . ciall ar éigin d'fhoráil ort, Dán Dé xix 11 . gur gabsat ar eiccin i nDuibhlinn `forcibly landed' Cog. 34.19 . co ndigsitis...ar eicin co port na Troianna, BB 428a25 . ra airgg Hercoil .. in Troí ┐ ra chúaid ḟurri ar ecin, LL 224b39 . 226b8 (= TTr. 556.686 ). co ndeachaidh Cesair ar eiccin for an caistiall, CCath. 6053 . in daim téit ar eigin a tig in airech, Laws v 164.22 Comm. elaid in gilla asa laim ar eicin, YBL 63b30 ( SR 3213 ). Maelir...do dul ar éccin ar Luimneach, AFM iii 146.12 . a marbhadh dhoibh ┐ é ag triall ar eccin uatha `trying to make his escape' 340.14 . The sl. ending is usual in this phr. in early exx., but exx. of the masc. dat. are also common in Mid. Ir. and Early Mod. verse: fala Dhé ar tí mo thréagaidh | gur mhéaduigh mé í ar éigin, Dán Dé vii 11 . MR 54.16 . do bhiadh oirrim Bhanbha Breagh | ag coinnill Annla ar éigean of necessity TD 7.50 . ní ḟuil do cheart ar chrích bhF. ... acht sí d'ḟagháil ar éigean (: gheabh), 17.4 ; 25 , etc. ag dénamh imechta ar eigen d'ionnsaigh an doruis, Rel. Celt. ii 190.3 . ratréta ┐ imghecht ar eigen acasan ga ghenamh `a forced retreat' 198.8 ; 10 . Later also a-réigin: na gnais ach ger decair dul | teit a reicin rig ulad, Lec. 185rb17 ​. ón ngurt a-réigin 'sní ad rioth | o luchd éididh ┐ each, 24 P 8, 212 . Dánta Gr. 39.40 .

adv Hence: with difficulty, hardly: da roib an eslainte so arrsaidh is a reigin foirther hi, YBL 343b4 . as ar eiccin terna an tIarla fein iarna ghuin, AFM vi 2076.13 .

d' é.¤ by force, compulsion: d'éigin nó d'áis, Dán Dé ix 6 (where éigean would improve the metre). d'áis no d'éigion, Each. Iol. 56.2 .

(4) Difficulty, need, trouble, strait; in relation to war: ras nert ┐ ra greiss in rí...im ḟulang cach éicni ┐ cach imnid, LL 219b24 = TTr. 185 . díscart dín in n-ecin fil fornd, LU 63b9 ( TBC-I¹ 742 ). TBC-I¹ 323 . in trén...ro dingbad cach éicen dind, Acall. 6976 . airc na écen, TBC-LL¹ 2896 . don tí d'ḟoirfed sib assin n-éicin sin (of voyagers adrift in a storm), Acall. 3779 . TTebe 2007 . isin moréicin moir sin, Acall. 3775 . i n-écnib ┐ i n-urgalaib, LL 230a10 . Esp. of stress of battle: bai obair cach oen dib a fis a tuiruchta fen ar met a ecni so hard was he pressed Cog. 186.2 . [i] n-eigin irgaili, TTebe 4483 . in ecen engnoma i roibi, 3438 . a n-éigean ḟeadhma, IGT, Decl. ex. 1358 . fa deācair leó Goll do bheith san éigean sin, ML 136.22 . AFM iii 576.9 . do bhí éigean mór ar E. mun amsoin, eadhon sluagh Chuinn go huile, agas urmhór mhaithe Mumhan uile...iona aghaidh agas dobhí éigion budh mó iona sin air, eadhon Goll...dhá thuargainn, ML 30.7 ; 10 . a n-eigen ag Sagsanachuibh sorely pressed by the English Rel. Celt. ii 202.6 . Of a state of strenuous endeavour: bhíos i n-éigean ag gleic = qui in agone contendit TSh. 10610 . Cf. do ṡloig, gídh ar lór d'éigeann | Iaoich idir éide agas airm, Oss. vi 118.23 . Grievous plight; hardship: in ecen ele boi ann, .i. in tan no roinntea in biad...nos bered in tii ba tresi dib a chuit on anbhánd, LB 155b32 . do innseadar a n-éigean agas á n-anbhḟorlann dhó the distress and oppression they were suffering from ML 82.11 . críoch Mhidhe uile a móir-éigean, ina lasrachaibh leathna 84.12 . ar aoi a héiginsi d' fhurtacht `for helping her necessity' Studies 1921, 75 . Dán Dé xxi 4 . 'gan tí 'ga dtám i n-éigin, Dán Dé xxi 3 . ri heicin na hitad sin the urgency of that thirst TTebe 1776 . ón éigean tarta ina rabhadar, Keat. ii 4983 . ag faisnéis an éigin 'na mbí (the soul in purgatory), TSh. 4263 . Sorrow, grief: ba mór a uchbad ┐ a eigen (v.l. an egaine) lais an scelsin do chloistecht, TTebe 4558 .

Fig. stress; overpowering exuberance: gach coll úr re heigin innte | léigidh a ghlún fillti fáoi kneels under stress (of its burden of fruit) KMMisc. 172 § 26 . go raibhe an oiread soin d'éigean féile...i nGaedhealaibh nár lór leo nídh do thabhairt do gach aon dá dtiocfadh...gan cuireadh coitcheann do thabhairt..., Keat. i 4 x .

Need, necessitousness; esp. famine, scarcity: i n-aimsir na hécne in a time of scarcity PH 7553 . cara na héigne the friend in need Dán Dé xiv 6 . xxi 1 . TSh. 9829 . do bhádar mórán díobh a n-éigion (through famine) ML 8.11 . díoth orm is éigin orra, TD 44.4 . With gen. of thing needed: i n-éigean a furtachta wanting help TSh. 4835 . Cf. dál éicne a distressing business: scarad friu bid dál éicne, Ériu v 210.1 .

Cf. éicin.

COMPDS. éicen-broit oppressing bondage, hence heavy sorrow: lān d'imnedh is d'éigeanbhruid [sic leg.], Niall Mac Mhuireadhaigh, Rel. Celt. ii 266.6 .

¤chless violent feats (?): Caille Con Ruí... | fris' fertais óic écen-chless, Metr. Dinds. iii 308.66 .

¤dál a stiff encounter; a distressing position, dangerous strait: airc na écen na écendál, TBC-LL¹ 2896 . cf. 3030 . egindail ainfine `stress of weather' Aen. 1571 ( Aen. vii 199 ). tugadh éccendáil forra, AFM ii 1042 x . comhaonta do chengal doibh im freccra a cheile im gach n-eiccendáil do bhenfad friú, iv 1214.5 . Ua C....d'foirithin as an airc ┐ as an eiccendail i mbaoi ag Ua D., vi 2122.17 . tánaicc an President go marcsluagh ┐ go saighdiuiribh, uair roba cuimhneach lais an eiccendail i mbaoi la Dál cC. an bliadhain roimhe, v 1654.18 . Tadhg mac Eidighain ḟailidh | go hegeandail nir ḟennigh never showed himself a champion save when he met a dangerous encounter ZCP viii 226 § 17 . ba bes do Romanu fāithi...do tocairiud ina ndocum in gach am no tomaithead egendail forru, CCath. 925 . go ndligheann duine éigean-dáil ┐ anfhorlann a chomharsan d'fhóirithin, TSh. 1838 . cechip tan nó tomaithedh égendail ghabhaidh fair, Hugh Roe, 212.5 (f. 56b) . san éigean-dáil ghábhaidh se, TSh. 2083 .

¤gal strenuous valor: TBC-LL¹ 1666 .

1 finn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 finn or dil.ie/22134
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: findgil, findban, findflatha, findfocla, finnfoclaibh, findnémand, findtopraib

adj o-ā

(a) white (gen. bright white = Lat. candidus): bright, lustrous . Of color: tarb find, LU 3450 ( SCC 23 ). laith find (i.e. milk), Laws i 64.4 . trisin mbrat find (= pallio albo) Tur. 55 . Inis Bó finde, Fél. Aug. 8 . bolca finda (ref. to vescis candentibus) Ml. 99a4 . isa leth i mbátár na finna the side the white [sheep] were LU 1736 (= trēt gel, 1729 ). an focherded caírig find tar sonnach ... bá dub fó chetóir 1731 . Equat. finnithir canach slébe as white as mountain cotton-grass BDD 109 . Of lustrous objects: síthbe find findairgit, LU 10216 ( TEm. 14 ) = find forargit, LU 8634 ( FB 47 ). úatne finna forórda, LU 3687 ( SCC 33 ). i gcrích Ulad na n-es bfionn, O'Gr. Cat. 453.14 . fionn .i. follas, O'Cl. find .i. taitnemach, Stowe Gl. 175 . O'Cl. (fionn). As subst.: co find na matne till dawn TTr.² 1895 . Cf. corice in findmatin arnámhárach (leg. find, m. a. ?) 1656 . finn (name of letter b in a species of Ogham), Auraic. 5669 .

(b) fair, light-hued (of complexion, hair, etc.): línḟolt find forórdae fair, BDD 75 . find uile in fer sain eter ḟolt ┐ rosc ┐ ulcha ┐ abratchur ┐ dechelt, TBC-LL¹ 5348 = TBC-I¹ 3293 . in dias ... finna dib línaib cona foltaib ┐ a mbrataib ┐ it gilithir snechtae, BDD 99 . ben ... mong find fuirri, TBC-I¹ 2790 . ni thuca in finn ḟotai do not marry a tall fairhaired woman ZCP viii 112.30 . Common as sobriquet in this sense.

As subst.: in fhind robo scíamach 'the fair one that was beautiful', Celtica xxv 23 § 7 .

(c) fair, handsome (oft., but not necessarily, implying fairness of complexion): slog find forderg, LU 3866 ( SCC 38 ). mná finna, LU 8713 ( FB 53 ). nim geib format fri fer find I envy not a handsome man ZCP vi 267.3 . fer find (of Cú Chulainn, described as `dub' LU 8673 . 10218 ) LU 4546 = TBC-I¹ 58 is quoted by O'Cl. in illustration of 5 finn, q.v. In proper names: Be Ḟind, npr. f. LU 10843 . Bé Find, TBFr. § 1 . Bé bhind, Acall. 6904 . Bé Bhionn, DDána 91.17 . (see 1 bé). Ó Dálaigh Fiond (surname), ... ar an ó atá an moladh and sin Ó Dálaigh Ḟind ... ar Dálach atá an moladh and, § 168 , § 169 . In phr. with Donn and Dub meaning a nobody : ​ a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

(d) bright, blessed (freq. in religious poetry): is find a mbethu (gl. beati quorum ...) Wb. 2c2 . féil find Fergnai, Fél. Mar. 2 . búaid find Ualentini , Dec. 16 . la paiss find Faustíni , Oct. 8 . ar mbága finna (: thinga, v.l. thenga) Hy vi 17 (`our white fights' Thes.). in Fiada find (of God), Trip. 140.23 . munbad omun Fiadhat find, Ériu ii 229.10 . hi Fíadat find fíni `in the vine of the white Lord' Fél. Ap. 6 . Common epithet of saints: ceol cethri sanct find fichet SR 584 . (cf. seniores ... vestimentis albis Rev. iv 4 ) Fél. Jan. 9 , 14 ; Feb. 24 , Nov. 29 , Dec. 12 , etc. In n.l.: Mag Finn, Metr. Dinds. v 196 . Cf. in Finn faídech (name of a bell), s.v. faídech.

Cf. tarlagsa chucu dia fromad | focal finda filed, Anecd. i 47 § 4 (see also finn-focal in compds. below).

(e) in moral sense, fair, just, true: scél find fír, Ériu iv 132.2 . finda buana mo bretha, ZCP xi 91.8 . finn .i. fīr, Stowe Gl. 383 . fionn .i. fīrinne, O'Cl.

(f) of sounds: bro finn Fiachna `clear shout' O'Dav. 330 . Cf. the compd. finn-chéolán, below.

(g) of blighted corn: tornech ┐ tentich anbail ... gur milled moran do mes ┐ do torad ... ┐ cur fasadur arbanna finna fasa, Ann. Conn. 1328 § 3 (`corn grew whitish and empty' ALC i 607 ).

See finda.

Compds.

I With adj.:

(a) with adj. of color, denoting a light or bright shade (= Fr. clair, Germ. hell):

¤buide light-yellow: folt findbudi, TBC-LL¹ 213 . mongae findbudi BDD 84 ; 103 .

¤gel: Fiada findgel, SR 644 (cf. d above). Maire ... finngel, 4638 . g s m. Fiachach findgil , LL 127b6 ( MacCarthy 154 ). ¤rúad light auburn: ulcha findruad (of the apostle Philip), Ériu iii 194 § 7 . RC viii 363.13 . In: Forainn findruad, SR 3414 , ruad may mean strong.

(b) with other adjs. forming dwandwa-compds. ¤adbal: co flaith findadbail Fāelāin, 'prosperous powerful rule', Ériu xvii 38 § 1 . ¤aelta lime-white, white-washed: ` whitewashed ' P. O'C. don árus fhionnaolta, TSh. 2729 . foirccnemha fionnaolta, AFM v 1798.15 . ¤balc fair and strong: Eochaid findbalc, Metr. Dinds. ii 4.51 .

¤chas fair and curly: fer findcass foltlebor LL 120a43 . folt finnchas, Acall. 5992n .

¤chert: flaith findchert `noble righteous prince' Metr. Dinds. iii 452.39 . ¤fechtnach, see fechtnach. ¤lebor fair and long (or smooth): folt findleabor, Acall. 5992 . ¤lem fair and gentle: ind óg findlem ... | Maire ingen Ebraidé , SR 7503 . ¤mass fair and comely: dán findmas, Anecd. i 60 § 84 . ¤oll: ... A Dē ... | na roib coraither [ = co rāiter ?] immom | do bara findoll find-sa, ZCP viii 561.16 . ¤uar clear (?) and cold: i dtobar fhionnfhuar, TSh. 5047 . i madain focchmair fionnḟuair, AFM ii 932 (quot.). Cf. ind(ḟ)úar. ¤úallach: dáilimh ḟionnuallcha `fair, haughty cupbearers' TD 8.14 .

(c) with adj. derived from subst. compounded with finn: ¤bennach whitehorned , name of the bull of Connacht: LU 10400 . TBC-LL¹ 81 . Metr. Dinds. iii 370.66 (cf. 374.99 ). ¤chlothach: f. Bregh, Ériu xiii 21.22 . ? ¤lúasgach: áile laith ... fionnluasgach lí súla i mbí ina condull (of grain for malting), Ériu xiii 40.27 ( O'Dav. 1199 ). Possibly this belongs to finna. ¤nélach: flaith findnélach, LL 120b8 (cf. —nél). ¤súilech (cf. 3 finn ?), as sobriquet: C. occisus est on Ḟíndṡuilech RC xvii 403.18 (Tig.). AFM ii 884.2 .

II With subst.

(a) in various senses of the simple adj.: ¤airge a milch-herd: ocht fichit f., Acall. 514 . 1887 . 5985 (cf. 2 finn). ¤alt see finnalt. ¤argat white silver: síthbe findargit, LU 9262 . s. find findairgit 10216 . claideb co u-imdurnn findarcaid, TBC-I¹ 3345 . ¤bantracht band of fair women Acall. 5289 . ¤ben: g p. tri .l. findban , 6905 . ¤bile, fig. of pers.: in findbile `the noble prince ' Metr. Dinds. ii 8.1 . ZCP viii 226.19 . ¤bla: fál fri findblai `with a fair lawn' Metr. Dinds. ii 6.66 . ¤bliadain: cethri fichit findbliadna, LL 127b3 ( MacCarthy 154 ). ¤charn white carn: TBC-LL¹ 1203 (= carnd ngel, LU 5103 ). ¤cheólán blessed (?) bell: mór do findcheolanaib ceilebartha, Acall. 2610 . ar findcheolanuibh trath, 327 . ¤chles: finnclesa TBC-LL¹ 5512 St. ¤chóelach white (i.e. peeled) wattles: cét marclach do fhinnchaeluch (for building a house), Lism. L. 1572 . árach fionnchaolaigh, AFM vi 2218.1 . ¤choire: see findchoire. ¤delg white (i.e. silver) pin: .x. findelga (.i. airget), Ériu ii 5.5 . ¤ḟénnid: Iriel Fáid f., LL 127b17 ( MacCarthy 158 ). ¤feth: fine calm weather (? Cf. findbad): dorala f. doib for an ffairge, Leb. Gab.(i) i 258.11 . ¤flaith: g s. findflatha , BDD 100c (Y 1015 ). ¤focal fair word; magic (?) word: a p. ór nad fil lem ... findfocla frismberad F. fursunnud fiss, LL 259b29 ( IT i 68 ). fir domuin ... no ṡídaigfed da thrí finndfoclaib, LL 267b41 ( MU² 759 ). d p. i fis ┐ i foglaim ┐ i finnfoclaibh filedh, CCath. 4411 . basa bodhar foglime i findfocluib fis, ZCP xii 365.19 . ¤folt (of wave crests) Thes. ii 290.4 . ¤gáire a pleasant laugh: cia ro thibe fion[n]gāire, ZCP vi 267 § 6 . ¤gein: findgein Magdaléna `blessed nativity' Fél. July 22 . cf. findgen grían, ZCP xi 109 § 15 . ¤Goídel: sliocht fionnGaoidil, Léachtaí Cholm Cille xxiv 110 § 47 . ¤lebar: do findleabraib trāth (books of hours), Acall. 2610 . re finnleabhraibh fileadh, TD 5.7 . ¤maten dawn, morning: corice in findmatin arnámhárach, TTr.² 1656 (possibly find, m., see under a above). ¤mónann cowberry: ethad in ḟindmonai[n] (leg. ḟindmonainn; in ḟínemain, ind finemain, v.ll.) na [in in] brecce na crand crin 'essen sie die Preißelbeere oder die Rinde(?) dürrer Bäume', ZCP xxx 150.31 . ¤nél: white mist: findnél na cailce, RC xiii 456.19 (cited under finnell .i. nell fionn, O'Cl. Cf. finnell). ¤nem: fortacht ar Fíadat findnime, Hy iii 4 . ¤némand white pearl: g p. frossa findnémand , TBC-LL¹ 208 . ¤rop the small intestine: see findrop. ¤ṡlúag, Fél. May 23 . ¤sruth a fair stream: as n. fl. MU² 264 . findṡruth arggait, Imr. Brain § 40 . Fig.: nis fuinchessa co finnsrothaib airchetail .i. [na filid] icatāit na srotha taitnemhacha , ( O'D. 1220 (< H 2.15A p. 85 - 6 ). filidh nis fuinchesa go ffiondṡrothaibh aircheadail, Ériu xiii 51.12 . ( O'Mulc. 600 ). Finnsruth Fithil (name of a law tract), Laws i 120.1 Comm. Here perhaps: ara naisc finnsruth findtigha, Laws iv 38.10 (emended to ¤sru[i]th, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137 , perhaps wrongly). Cf. the adj. findsrothach (versed in the (treatise) `Finnsruth' ?): dia mba brethem ba faṡach, ba f., O'D. 2227 ( Nero A vii, 153a ). ¤topar fair, clear spring: d s. mor do findtopraib , SR 500 .

(b) forming stable compds. in which the meaning of the subst. is modified: ¤choll whitebeam (?) (ZCP xvii 177-84 , Celtica xi 118 ): fidṡlatta findchuill, TBC-LL¹ 1434 . lorg findchuill, Acall. 3489 . ¤fúarad cooling, refreshment , see ind(ḟ)úar and cf. ¤úar above. Hence finnfúaraigid refreshes: an t-aiéor fhionnfhuaruighios mé, Mac Aingil 43.8 . ¤scél a story, a legend: se fichit findscél na fíann | foclas cech fili, LL 145a49 . finn-sgéal filidheachta, TSh. 7418 . Keat. ii 2336 . ¤scoth [leg. fíon— ?] hound's tongue (plant-name) Hog. Luibhl. cionoglosa .i. an ḟionscoith, 23 K 42, 400.2 . ¤uma white copper (species of bronze ?): fedana finduma, Acall. 2441 . fetan f., 7600 (of brooches). sceith co caladbualtib finnuma, LL 266b16 ( MU² 609 ). sonnach finduma, Anecd. ii 7.1 . Cf. findruine.

(c) occas. seems used in an ironical sense: as an bhfionnfregradh sin (of an opponent's answer), Luc. Fid. 295.15 . go gcead d[obh]ar bhfionnraidhtibhsi your glib assertions 207.1 .

(d) in poetry freq. prefixed to names of persons, tribes and places: fionnMhuire, Dán Dé ii 21 . fionnGhaoidhil, TD 1.56 . re fóir bhfionnBhaoille, 16.62 .

III In proper names.

(a) of persons: see Zimmer, KZ xxxii 158 ff ., Meyer, Wortk. 213 .

(b) common in place-names: Finn-glas, ¤glenn, ¤loch, ¤mag, etc., see Onom.

(c) in people-names: ¤gall a fair-haired foreigner orig. applied to Norwegians settled in Ireland (opp. to Dubgall Dane): Ragnall ... rí Finngall ┐ Dubgall, AU 920 . forgla Frangc ┐ Findgall, MR 110.11 . Later used of the Anglo-Norman invaders and their descendants, opp. to Gall = a contemporary invader: araill d'uaislibh na bFionnghall dusfangatar an insi fecht riamh ... ind agaidh na nGall dusficcset fa dheóidh a críochaibh Saxan, Hugh Roe 12.4 (f. 3a) . an Róisteach ... ┐ a bhen ... d'écc ... ┐ ni bhaí dfionnghallaibh Ereann ... lánamain rob oirdearca ináit-sidhe, AFM v 1798.11 . Of people of Hebrides (see Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 13 ): Ailín ler coisnadh clár Fionnghall, Rel. Celt. ii 218.5 . Crioch Fhionnghall anaimsir ailín, 220.21 . ¤ genti white heathens (contr. with Dub-g., q.v.), Norsemen: lucht ocht xxi t long di ḟindgentib AU 851 . Finngheinnte, Keat., iii 2457 . ¤lochlonnach a Norwegian (opp. to Dubl. a Dane); `a name given in Ireland to a Norweigian signifying Lakelander, in contradiction to a Dane who was called Dubhlochlannach i.e., a more foreign or strange lakelander' P. O'C. [gairthear] Fionnlochlonnaigh do lucht na Noruaegia, Keat. iii 2457 . Also the people of the Hebrides: Éireannaigh féin fionnLochlannaigh the Hebrideans are also Irish, CMCS xxxviii 23 . ¤lochlanna the Hebrides: i mbun a ghabháltuis féin i nAlbuin, agus i bhFionnlochlonnaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 51 § 7 . ¤genti `fair gentiles' (Norwegians) Cog. 20z . See AFM i p. 482 .

fírinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fírinne or dil.ie/22203

Forms: fírinde, fírinni

n , f. (abstr. of fírián (fírén), GOI 569 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 477 ).

(a) justice, righteousness , usual sense in O.Ir. ; gen. = iustitia in Wb : as abstr. of fírían : at firiansu ... tale damsa a log ar epirt do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . fírinne Dáe (= iustitia Dei) 55d11 . á íc tria firinni fessin (= de suis virtutibus) 33b5 . comallad inna firinne (= adservandae iustitiae) 94b3 . amal foruigensid do peccad, fognid do fírinni, Wb. 3b28 . fírinde (= iustitia, one of the Cardinal Virtues) PH 4609 . na dernaid bar fhírinde fia[d] dóinib 5964 . ni chomainse th'irinne ar thoil daine do not spurn thy righteousness to please men LU 3501 ( SCC 26 ). iar f.¤ by right, justly LU 9157 ( FB 89 ). a du. tadbat ... dā rect et dī fírinni , Wb. 4d10 . grian na firinne .i. Íssu Crist `the Sun of Righteousness' Lism. L. 28 .

(b) truth , usual sense in Mid. Ir., already freq. in Glosses ; transl. veritas Wb. 9b16 . 22d16 . Ml. 35b19 . firinne na n-ebraide = Hebraica Veritas Hib. Min. 10.338 . denum tintuda inna firinne file isind ebrae isin laitin, Ml. 2d11 . ho firinni inna stoir from the literal truth Ml. 14a5 . ind f.¤ inna stoir, 24d12 . iar firinni stoir, 50a8 . firindi in sceóil the true story LL 295a17 . rolabair in fhírinde truth spoke PH 4881 . is mi ata ar fírinni `tis I am right LL 265a20 ( MU² 410 ). is sinne ata for f.¤ , PH 2671 . is iat búi for fírinn[i] ┐ in lucht ele for góe, CCath. 1311 . dobiur-sa mo breithir ḟ.¤ fris, 1298 . In adjuration : ar t'ḟírinni riutsa, nā furáil ..., 1659 . Of a promise or pledge : da thucta [sic] fhīrinde re m'anacul if thou wouldst pledge thy word ZCP vi 69.29 .

(c) truthfulness, trustworthiness: ass foirfeacht a ffirinne is siad ... iss gardae do rīghoip, Fl. Earls 92.25 .

1 folach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 folach or dil.ie/23046
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: folach, falach, foilge, f., falaidh

o, u (vn. of fo-luigi, cf. fulach) folach falach, IGT 111 § 52 . n p. foilge, Rawl. 111b33 . `Examples are lacking to show the gender and declension ... in O.Ir. It was probably one of the neut. o-stems which have heteroclite plurals (s-stems),' Bergin, Ériu xii 221 . Originally s-stem, Phil. Soc. Trans. c (2002) 411 n. 23 .

(a) hiding; the act of covering, or hiding: f.¤ .i. custodia latine , Corm. Y 615 . folag ... .i. custodiae , O'Mulc. 569 (these could well belong to fulach). f.¤ (synonym of clúdadh, scáth), Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 155 ). tabuirsi ní dot édach damh umum ... uair ni fhuil f.¤ mo dhenachta umum, Études Celt. i 88.10 . boí Mairend cen folt, conid mind rigna no bid oc foloch a lochta, LU 4225 . do bhí brat ... dá f.¤ go bróig, Oss. vi 82 . boi cend Eoin i talum iarna f.¤ , PH 951 . fuair Elena an croch noem ... arna ḟalach ac na hIdhalaib, Maund. 74 . cosmhail ... lé hionnmhas ar na ḟ.¤ a bhḟearann, Matthew xiii 44 . sgél nach tarbha d'ḟ.¤ ort, IGT, Decl. ex. 2117 . d'ḟ.¤ th' ḟeirge, ZCP xii 384.15 = Dán Dé p. 29 . eclais ... arna ḟ.¤ lé luaidhi roofed (?) with lead Maund. 77 . ferr lem leabaidh ... i mBeinn Bhoirche gan fholoch, BS p. 154 (§ 83) . do ghlac follach oruinn took cover (of a stag) Oss. vi 22.15 . adba folaig ` hiding-place ' Metr. Dinds. iv 172.15 . Cf. fonn fír-ḟalaig ` harbourage ' 86.82 . (Fig.) ni ḟéad ar ndúthaigh d'ḟ.¤ `it does not depreciate the greatness of our country' Content. vi 42 .

Of burial: biaid com ḟoluch án iar tonuch mo tháeb LU 9935 (`burying me splendidly' PRIA iii 536 ). d'éis th'fholaigh after Thy burial Dán Dé xxviii 30 .

Cf. a gabāil ... ┐ a cur i loch da f.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1365 § 8 (Ann. Clonm. has for this committed to a strong place in a logh to be kept', but according to FM the person in question was drowned). Cf. mad iar fod-f.¤ ecaib (.i. mad iarna f.¤ fon fot), Laws v 448.24 (29) = iar fot folug .i. folug dofet huire, H 3.18, 390a ( O'Curry 864 ).

i foluch in hiding, hidden: cid atá i foluch fond erlar sa ?, LU 174 . co ḟuil himagin Isu ... i ḟaluch icon Ebraide LB 2a14 ( PH 95 ). ní ḟaicimsi do lochtaibh ort ní ... ach muna ḟuilid a ḟ.¤ [i bhf.¤] innat unless they are hidden within thee Ériu iii 154.5 . ni raibhe i f.¤ fo thalmain ... ní ná fuaratar, Cog. 114.26 . mar fuair ... leabhar an reachta i bhf.¤ san dteampall, TSh. 7318 . ni brod bec a falach C.C., YBL 37b44 ( TBC-I¹ 2488 ). g s. as attrib. hidden, secret: a huilc falaidh , ACL iii 239 § 31 . locht folaig, PBocht 12 § 22 . a rún falaigh gur reac roibh, 11 § 18 . lámh na leannán bhfoluigh, IGT, Decl. ex. 943 . ger ghoid fholaidh a hidden theft BNnÉ 243.2 . nír écc folaigh ib. 14 . formad folaigh, Dán Dé xxxi 39 . dia tegmad drem folaid ort secret foes ZCP vi 272 § 11 . i n-úair ḟolaig `in a secret hour' Metr. Dinds. iv 116.110 . ni fios falaidh it is well-known O'Gr. Cat. 501.20 . do chuir fesa falaig da indsaigid, Ann. Conn. 1315 § 5 (= f.¤ folaighthe `secret messages' ALC). glár falaigh ní hionchuir air `the tale must not be hidden' SGS iv 140 . For [toirrcheas] fola, Dán Dé x 24 , A. Ó Dálaigh li 14 , we should probably read folaigh.

(b) In concrete sense a covering: in f.¤ um [a] sūilibh, Fier. 78 . falach sroil ... dia cumbdach, BNnÉ 203.4 . folach mo chinn my veil Song of S. v 7 . na foluidhe veils Isaiah iii 23 . scairt, f.¤, liónan `the caul ' Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 535 ). mo chorp peacthach ... nochan falach dearcach donn, Dán Dé xxix 4 .

(c) A hiding-place: foilge cen moene .i. cen a moinigud do neoch na foluch hiding-places without treasures, i.e. without enrichment for any one in concealing them Rawl. 111b33 ( Ériu xii 221 ). Cf. (d) below. f.¤ ... i fail fer fíal (of a grave), Metr. Dinds. iii 140 . amhail chréachtacha 'na gcodladh na bhfuar-fhalchaibh = dormientes in sepulchris TSh. 4709 .

Cf. call tré ḟalach íaruindi | a mbarr dharach, IGT, Decl. ex. 1949 .

(d) something hidden; a hoard: atá foluch i Sléibh Fuait ... trí cét uingi don ór dherg, Acall. 3923 . atchúaid di cach foloch forḟolaig dá tharmnugud don mac every treasure he had hidden for the benefit of the son LL 290b29 ( RC xiii 454 ). co n-ēcius dóib a fil lim di foilgib, LU 5770 (= TBC-I¹ 1299 . See Ériu xii 220 ff ). ? is hē scérus foilgi fri Laigniu who will make the Leinstermen part with their hoards (?) ZCP xii 237 § 61 . im f.¤ fiann do thaiscelad (.i. both folachta .i. im cach set .i. biad nā seoit do berar as an uarboth), Laws i 202.2 (206.4) `for robbing the hunter's tent' transl.; for disclosing (i.e. rifling ?) the repositories of fians (?). But perhaps folacht (= 1 fulacht) is meant. ō tug ... Muiri | falach d'ōr buidi 'na broinn, ACL iii 242 § 18 .

ia

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ia or dil.ie/26899
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an affirmative responsive particle: `cia bad dóig diar tiachtain.' `Inge ém meni thised in gilla bec ...' `Ia omm ale,' bar Ailill `Ja aber gewiss!', TBC-LL¹ 843. As an interjection: `Ia ón ómm!' ar in chaillech " `Oh! indeed!' said the woman," Ériu i 134.7 . ? To this, used in asseveration: ia .i. cenēlae forgill indsin, ar iss ed indara hainm déc ō ndingarar Crīst la Ebraide , Corm. Y 750.

interiacht, interiecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. interiacht, interiecht or dil.ie/28934

Forms: interiacht

n ā, f. (Lat. interiectio) an interjection, an exclamation: interiacht gl. interjectio, Ir. Gl. 874. is sainreth do interiecht guth formúigthe cotrummai thinfid gl. suum est interiectionis voce abscondita proferri, Sg. 9b18 . ataat alaaili interiecta and it coitchena do cach ceniul `there are some interjections ...,' 10a1 . ind interiecht nad rann insce la grecu, 26b6 . interiacht ebraide inso gl. euge euge, Ml. 55a14 . asraracht a interiecht ngallraigthi ocus cosaiti, Anecd. ii 48.15 . ach .i. interiecht galair, O'Mulc. 82. coniunctio, prepositio, interiectio ... lasin Laitneoir remshuidhiugud, comhfhocul ┐ interiacht ocon Gaedel, Auraic. 321. remsuidigud et interecht, 2669 .

2 lem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lem or dil.ie/29871
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adj o, ā

I

(a) soft, tender; weak, powerless : l.¤ .i. cach maeth, ut dicitur lemlacht .i. lacht maeth, O'Curry 110 ( H 3.18, 71 ). lemlacht .i. lacht tēith .i. lem cach tēith, Corm. Y § 802 . ind óg findl.¤ . . . . / Maire ingen Ebraidé , SR 7503. ba leamh do ghreann, Oss. vi 188.x . Mac Mic Craith nár leamh i gcomhrac, O'Rah. 82.166. ? stiúir d’ḟid lim 'a softwood rudder' EIS 160 § 67 (but may belong to 1 lem).

(b) In sexual sense, impotent: fear diairm .i. oc nach dir bean do beith .i. o na bi arm is comadhais do, in fer l.¤ , Laws v 134.2 Comm . fer dibreithe .i. gan cloind do bhreith do .i. ro fitir in fear a beth leamh, O'D. 462 ( H 3.17, col. 357 ). ? a rand l.¤ sech lecnaib `weichlicher als (fleischige) Backen', Bruchst. i 36 § 84 = IT iii 90 § 119.

(c) foolish, worthless : glór an amláin gan aithne / drong lemh lucht a shaothraigthe, O'Gr. Cat. 556.3 . deighil . . . / gach fer fial is gach ben lemh, 593.3 . ní ghéillim . . . / . . . dod' bhriathra is leamh glór, Oss. iv 122.18 . duine leamh, neoch do thógaibh a theagh air ghaineamh, Matthew vii 26 . ná glac litir leimh iná seóda suirghe, Mac Aingil 1722 . gurab leamh don tí chruinnigheas toicce . . . an tsaoghail, TSh. 7140 . na daoine leamha, ēccēillidhe, Parrth. Anma 2918 .

Adv. tre bharr ghrádha go leamh leamh / ní bhíu tar chách dhá gcaoineadh, L. Cl. A. B. 133.17 . biaidh an fear, Fionn, go leamh powerless, Oss. iv 90.z . dá saoileadh an saidhbhir go leamh gurab sealbh dhíleas dó é, TSh. 10061.

II As subst. an leamh 's an críonna, Hackett xxxix 79 .

Compds. With subst. ¤lacht, see lemnacht. ¤liaig worthless physician : an leimhliaigh, Mac Aingil 4633 (`quack'). With adj. ¤glórach babbling, talking foolishly : ná bíod leamhghlórach ag rádh gach neith tig chum a mbéoil, 5483 .

1 mac, macc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mac, macc or dil.ie/31166
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: macc, mac, maicc, meicc, meic, mec, mic, mic, meic, meic, mic, macc, maic, maic, meicc, meic, mec, mic, mic, maccu, macu, macca, macc, maccu, macu, mhaca, mac, maccu, mic, Macniadh, Mág, Méig

n o, m., Generally written in MSS. with contraction m̅c̅ in all forms; when written out, the double consonant is usual in O.Ir., but it is sometimes written single when final, rarely when medial. n s. macc, Wb. 1d9 , 6d6 , 13b29 , 13d10 , Ml. 25b5 . mac, Wb. 13d11 , 32c15 . g s. maicc, Wb. 13b30 , Ml. 17c3 , 7 ; meicc, TBC-LL¹ 801 , 863 , 913 (usual O.Ir. and early Mid.Ir. form). meic, Laws ii 162.13 , TBC-LL¹ 847. mec, IT i 107.2 (H.). mic (later Mid.Ir. and Mod.Ir.); in IGT Dec. ex. 702 `mic' is said to be incorrect, the correct form being `meic'. v s. a meic! Acall. 2933. a mic!, SCC 26 , 29 . n du. da macc , Wb. 4c12 , Ml. 26b14 . n p. (O. and early Mid.Ir.) maicc, Wb. 4c6 , 9a13 . maic, 21b2 , 30b14 . in maic , BDD 9. meicc, Hy. ii 37 ; TBC-LL¹ 6198. meic, 1372 . mec, PH 3770 , 5595 , etc. tri mic , IT i 121.1 (= maic LU); Laws ii 66.15 . Mod. mic. a p. maccu, Wb. 11a30 , 19c15 , 33a15 , Ml. 33c16 ; Hy. i 29. macu, Laws iii 398.7 . macca, Hib. Min. 4.118 . g p. macc, Wb. 23a9 ; Ml. 34c7 . v p. a maccu ! TBC-LL¹ 906. a macu ! ZCP xi 44 § 60. a mhaca ! ib. § 54 . mac, IGT Dec. § 15.

I A son: in Glosses = Lat. filius. gl. filius, Ir. Gl. 407 , natus 408 .

(a) in strict sense: amal ṅguidess athir a macc, Wb. 24d19 . adim-maicc mihi et am athir-se uobis ye are sons, 9a13 . athair ┐ mac ┐ ua, Laws i 238.8 . batar oc Saul mac Ciss . . . cethri meic . . . tri ingena, SR 6517. macc int ṡaír son of the wright, Fél. Aug. 14. ro tuisim Noi tri maccu, MacCarthy 286b . teora meic ag Noi, ib. ná caoin inghean, ná caoin mac, Keat. Poems 599. mac athar do Mag Uidhir M.'s half-brother on the father's side, AFM iv 966.13 . mac mathar som do Chiaran uterine brother, ZCP viii 315.4 . mac sethar a sister's son, TBC-I¹ 530. nochon ḟidir mac duine no son of man (i.e. no mortal), ZCP vii 303 § 9. ni muirbithir m.¤ mna lium, PH 400. trí fichid míle mac máthar mother's sons (i.e. men), Hackett xl 112 . Preced. by adj.: ardmac rig, ro-mac Nesa, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 28.13 = Laws iv 346. degmac Domnaill, SR 2376. drochmac Iesse, 6138 . Abel mormac Adaim, Mart. Don. 22. ríg-mac, ACC § 111. Esp. used in apposition to npr.m., folld. by gen. of father's name: co Duid m.¤ nIesse, SR 2318. rigdal itir Donnchad m.¤ nDomnaill ┐ Fiachnae m.¤ nAedho, AU 783. Rarely with mother's name: Conchobar m.¤ Nessa, Fergus m.¤ Róich, Ailill m.¤ Mata, Muirchertach m.¤ Erca. Folld. by DO instead of gen.: Ailill mac mic d'Ollomain, MacCarthy 168.8 . Othalinus . . . ba m.¤ don Otha hermor, SR 2366.

In relig. lit. of Christ, the Son (as distinct from the Father), oftenabsol. and without art.: m.¤ ¤ na deachte, Wb. 32c15 . is macc míastar in die iudici it is the Son who will judge, 1d9 . asberat . . . as laigiu deacht maicc indaas deacht athar, Ml. 17c7 , cf. 24d23 . i n-oentaid na trinoti, athar ┐ meic ┐ spiruta noim, PH 1445. Also called mac Maire, Hy. i 1. SR 8145. m.¤ na hOge ebraide , 8277 . m.¤ in duine the Son of man, PH 2272 , 3070 , 3157 . m.¤ duine, 5041 .

Folld. by a gen. or adj. in various semi-technical and legal expressions: atait tri mic beoathar la Fene .i. mac huar ┐ m.¤ De ┐ m.¤ ailte, ZCP xiii 23.10 . mac De, mac som bis i tesgaire a athar ina timaircnib techtaib; co na comidethar cos nā lam, ib. 16 . m.¤ cétmuintire son of a spouse, legitimate son : atáit .ii. ara-randat orba fri mac cētmuinntire, CIH v 1547.6 . mac ōighe .i. mac cētmuindtire, CIH iv 1296.33 . is dīles do mac na cētmuinntiri in cinniu[d]-sin, CIH v 1547.26 . mac cope .i. donither re mac caille (leg. maccaillig?) son of a nun (?), O'Dav. 415. m.¤ doirche (.i. in m.¤ donither i ndorcaidetu) a son begotten in secrecy (?), Laws v 452.16 . m.¤ foesma `son of protection' (an adoptive son), see fóesam. m.¤ gor a son who supports his father, Laws iii 56.20 , opp. to m.¤ ingor, ib. 30 . See also 2 gor. m.¤ muini a bastard , see 1 muine. mic mhuinntire (= filii familias), TSh. 5120. m.¤ óg a celibate : Mel Bre(n)ind Ua Ronain, ardepscop iarthar Herend, in mc. og 'eminent bishop of the west of Ireland, the celibate', AI 296 (s.a. 1161.4) . mc. og ┐ uasalshacart 'a celibate and noble priest', AI 324 (s.a. 1197.5) . See also m.¤ óige s.v. III (b). m.¤ óige = m.¤ cétmuintire: mac ōighe .i. mac cētmuindtire, CIH iv 1296.33 . mac óigh trā is ē-side fo-coisle orba .i. foxlas seilb .... mac óighe .i. cētmuindter, CIH v 1547.3 . m.¤ sanaise a son not acknowledged by his father, opp. to m.¤ súla an acknowledged son, see Laws iii 542.7 , O'Dav. 1044 , 1245 . m.¤ scrīne .i. m.¤ so rinne re coibdelaig ina richt fein a son begotten in incest (?), H 3.18, 227a ( O'Curry 413 ). m.¤ soirche a legitimate or acknowledged son (?), O'Dav. 95.

Rarely of the young of animals: macc bó a bullock , CRR 4. damh . . . .i. m.¤ bó, BNnÉ 122 § 61.

In compos. with ban-, a daughter: feadair ferinnsce for baninnsce intan asberar: is e in banmhac sa, Auraic. 531.

(b) in looser sense a male descendant; esp. in pl. folld. by gen. of ancestor to denote a tribe or people (not a native usage, the words maicne, maccu and being used by Irish tribes): ar maccaib Israhel, Wb. 11a28 . soirad mac nIsrahel, Ml. 53d1 . meic Israhel, SR 5475. fri claind mac nIsrahél, 3710 . ic maccaib Israel, PH 5071. meicc Emir meicc Erimon, Hy. ii 37. Cf. also: Iohain már macc ṅErenn of Erin's sons, Fél. Sept. 26. eter gelmaccaib Gaedel, Ériu iv 96 § 7 ( LL 33b45 ). m.¤ Goill (i.e. one of English descent), AU iii 506.

II A boy and sometimes loosely a young person in general: sainreth do maccaib a pélogud particular to boys (gl. puerorum), Sg. 45b6 . i tabairt mic for muin i tech carrying a boy, Laws i 174.32 . urcor flescaig is eside macc bundsaighe (.i. mac diubraices in mbunsaig), iv 134.16 , 140.1 . biit tri choecaid macc and oca cluithi, TBC-I¹ 368. maic becca doairchellat cethra, Ériu ii 206 § 26. do fhuil mac mbec, PH 382. cen mna cen maccu not counting women or children, SR 4031. ra batar mnaa ┐ meicc ┐ mindoene ac coíniud, TBC-LL¹ 6198. cu ra ainitis uli feraib maccaib mnaib, PH 6309. idir mhaca mnaoi is fir, Keat. Poems 614. eter maccaib beccaib (alluding to girls), IT i 131.26 . Occasionally of youths or grown persons: ruri anacht tri maccu a surnn tened (i.e. the three Holy Children). Hy. i. 29 , cf. Fél. Ap. 28 , Ep. 507. rí roshicc . . . forsin tsét na dá mac dall, SR 7682. atchondairc-si . . . cruth ┐ comdelb . . . cech meic ┐ cach miled, LL 221a7 . cethrur ingen Dubthaig dil, | cethri maic dóibsium demnig (i.e. lovers), Metr. Dinds. iii 72.

III Folld. by gen. in various fig. and technical expressions:

(a) denoting calling or function: m.¤ eclaise ` son of (the) church', a churchman, cleric: oen m.¤ [ec]ulsa forarsaidh . . . ic cantain a urnuighthe, RC xiv 58 § 72. tri maic ecalsa do muintir na cleirech, Acall. 2888. co tri cetaib sacart ┐ co tri milibh mac n-ecalsa, AU ii 86.2 . clier ┐ meic eguilsi in baile, Fl. Earls 34.24 . AFM vi 1924.22 . m.¤ foglama a student: felmac . . . .i. m.¤ foghlamæ, O'Mulc. 512. oráit annso dona macaib fogluma, Ériu ii 224.11 . m.¤ léginn a (clerical) student , O'Mulc. 688. m.¤ legind, Lat. Lives 82 (= scolaige ib.). i(c) macc leginn i nArdmacha, RC xx 176. Possibly also the expression m.¤ airbe (name for a `macfuirmid'?), see Laws iv 360.6 and muc(c)airbe below.

(b) fig. and alleg.: ce notad maic-si raith sons of grace , Wb. 33b8 . maicc tairngiri sons of (the) promise , 4c6 . guide cech maicc lére `of every son of piety', Fél. Ep. 428. macc umalóti ┐ erlatad buide do Dia, PH 4204. mac aptha = mac báis: bát úaiti meic aptha (mic bháis, v.l.) na cille so 'the lost souls of your cemetery shall be few', Beatha Bharra 64.128 . m.¤ báis `a son of death', a wicked man , opp. to m.¤ bethad `a son of life', a righteous man (often of a professed religious) : tairbirid illatu pían n-ecsamail dona maccaib bais, FA 1. eccraibdech ┐ macc báis, Trip. 220.15 . a meic in báis!, PH 2426. m.¤ bethad, Trip. 84.20 ( .i. cin pecath, ACL iii 37 ). sochuidhi do macuibh bethad, etir apstala ┐ desciplu, Lism. L. 3938. tigherna . . . mhórtha mhac mbethadh ┐ riagtha mhac mbáis, AFM vi 2296. mainistir . . . i mbáttar meic bhethadh d'ord S. Fronséis, 2218.7 . m.¤ ceanta .i. m.¤ échta, O'Cl. (`a son of achievement' P. O'C. ). m.¤ mallachtan `son of a curse' = m.¤ báis: comtinól na mac mallachtan, FA 1. comaittreb . . . ina mac mallachtan (of Hell), PH 4332. dosbera na maccu mallachtu . . . isin tenid suthain, 7285 . do macaibh mallacht ┐ do lucht dénma uilc, AFM iii 286.25 . m.¤ meda `son of mead', a heavy drinker , Anecd. ii 35 § 8. m.¤ míraith a graceless person (?), Acall. 1884 (`son of mishap' O'Gr.). m.¤ ochta `bosom-son', a favourite, darling: sacart ┐ m.¤ ochta rig nime, Acall. 2462. rob m.¤ ochta aireachta cach mac buan dod bhroind-ḟine, Leb. Cert. 194. See also (c) below.

m.¤ óige a celibate : uasal-easpoc Erenn ┐ an m.¤ oighe, RC xviii 52.4 (Tig.). comharba Colaim Cille, ┐ Adhamhnáin, saoi, ┐ epscop, ┐ mac oicce, AFM ii 762.6 . Oengus mc. Cathain, in t-epscop ┐ in mc. óge 'the bishop and the celibate', AI 202 (s.a. 1036.6). See also m.¤ óg.

m.¤ uilc an evildoer: meic uilc ní thiset n-ar ndáil, LL 308b1 = SG 389.18 . m.¤ na tráth `son of the canonical hours' (of a cleric), Acall. 4614 , 6769 .

(c) of things or animals: m.¤ alla `son of a cliff', echo: co cuala sum . . . guth in meic alla aca ḟrecra asin charraic, LL 165b30 . ro bai a m.¤ alla isna trachtaibh re med a muirni, Aen. 992. ro lin m.¤ alla na gairi sin mothra ┐ caillti, CCath. 5624. ro baoi m.¤ alla gheimi an drúith sin aieor, RC xxiv n. 2 . AFM vi 2130.11 . As name of a drinking-horn , Acall. 133.

m.¤ bronn a species of metrical composition: aircetal aire dna ataait .x. fodla fair-side .i. m.¤ bronn, etc., BB 299a25 .

m.¤ formuin (? for 1 muin) apparently name of some joint or portion of meat allotted to certain ranks in the Tech Midchuarta at Tara: LL 29b19 , 35 and diagram = YBL 419b3 (where the reading of facs. appears to be m̅c̅ armuin), 13 and diagram (in all cases with contraction); mac formuin, H 3.18, p. 362b ( O'Curry 771 ). Petrie's Tara 175 fg. expands as `muc formuin' and translates pig's shoulder , comparing 1 formna.

m.¤ greche .i. eitne cnó a kernel , Ériu ii 5.10 (Amra Conroí).

m.¤ imblissen pupil (of the eye): amal in macc n-imblissen (gl. ut pupillam), Ml. 39c3 . dona maccu imlesaib (gl. pupillis), Gild. Lor. 118. m.¤ imresan (gl. pupilla), Ir. Gl. 80. is he tene na súla in m.¤ imlesen, SCC 17. tri maic imlissen cechtar a dá súla, TBC-I¹ 35. oensúil . . . ┐ tri maic imlessen inte, BDD 44. méit mac imlesan duine, Ériu ii 134 § 115. teit radarc . . . on incind cu mic imrisan na sul, ITS xiv 54.

m.¤ ochta name of a joint or portion of meat?, heart (?) (or read mucca ochta 'suckling pigs', Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 65 ). ba si airigid ban Ulad . . . .i. secht ndaim ┐ secht tuirc ┐ secht ndabcha . . . ┐ secht nglaininí ┐ secht m̅c̅ ochta, IT ii1 173 (perhaps a vessel or measure).

m.¤ óe liver: in macc hoe tredluighthe (gl. trifidium iecur), Gild. Lor. 213.

m.¤ snáma `son of swimming' (kenning for some large fish or sea-monster?), Corm. Y 948.

m.¤ tíre `son of (the) country', wolf: Eg. Gl. 313. BDD 66. im macu tiri, Laws i 160.2 Comm. sod maic tire female wolf, TBC-I¹ 1720. pl. mic thíri, BS 76.3 . (mod.) na meictíreadha ag inghréim an tréuda, Hard. ii 310. (fig.) gach uile Eagluis do chaomhna ó chundtabhartaibh na macdtire, Carswell 77.

With adj.: m.¤ salach `dirty lad', a toad , gl. bufo, Thes. ii 235.8 (reading doubtful).

m.¤ ar muin name of a defect in prosody , IGT Introd. § 2.

IV Folld. by a gen. or adj. mac is often used to form masc. proper names, or sobriquets. Exx. from lit.: Mac Brocc, Cóir Anm. 45. Mac Caille, Hy. v 15. m.¤ Cécht (son of power? of the plough?), one of the Tuathan Kings; cf. Macc Cecht (name of a smith), Trip. 250.24 . m.¤ Cuill (s. of hazel?), a Tuathan king, cf. Trip. 220.15 . Lugaid Mac Con, Cóir Anm. 61.71 . Lugaid Mac tri con, IT i 108.2 . Mac Dā Recht, ZCP xiii 356.7 . Mac Dá Thó (s. of the two mutes), IT i 96 (= Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. vi 1 , and see Preface, p. i ). Mac in Daimh, Imr. Brain i 61. Bec mac Dé in fáid, LL 371b17 . LB 260b12 . Mac Gréine, a Tuathan king. Mac ind Óc (`s. of the two Young Ones', Stokes, RC xxvi 60 ), sobriquet of Óengus mac in Dagda, also called Mac Óc, IT i 132.13 : in mac Óc, ib. 7 . Macc Tāil (`son of adze'), Trip. 250.25 .

With adj. m.¤ Riabhach, m.¤ Solas (names of drinking-horns), AFM iii 110.2 ; 34.7 . AU ii 188.

From history: m.¤ na haidhche, AU ii 72.2 ; 134.19 ; cf. mac(h) na hoidhche (gl. Thitheus), Ir. Gl. 546. Macbeathadh, AU 1014 , 1041 . Macētigh (< étig ugly?), 936 ; Macēitigh, 950 ; mac Mic Etigh, 896 . Maclēighinn, 988 . Mac Líag ardollamh Erend (s. of a leech), 1016 . Mac Lochlainn (s. of a Dane), 1051 . Maccnia, 701 ; Macnio, 708 ; g s. Macniadh , 751 . Cf. Mac Niad (.i. Mac Con), Cóir Anm. 220. Macoac (= m.¤ óc?), AU 787. Macoigi, 801 ; Maccoigi, 874 ; dormitatio Maccoiged, 752 (cf. mac óige III b above). Macoirbb, 809 . Mac Oncon, 729 (see onchú). Macriaghoil, 821 . Mac ind shaer (s. of the wright), 766 . m.¤ na cerda (sobriquet), 874 .

After the introduction of surnames (10th-11th cent.), mac folld. by gen. n.pr. m. becomes a common form of surname and often changes to Mág (gen. Méig); the usage is extended to foreign names. Flaithbertach Mag Uidhir, AU ii 442.2 (an. 1327 ). Cormac Mag Coscraidh, AU iii 430.24 . Cormac óg m.¤ C. m.¤ T. Meg Ca, AU iii 428.3 . mac Airt Meg Uidhir, iii 10.9 (1383) . Raghnall mac Mic Raghnaill, ii 196.8 (1179) . do clainn Raghnaill Meg Raghnaill, iii 12.20 (1384) .

COMPDS. Forms less or more stable compds. with a follg. subst., generally with sense youthful, pertaining to a boy or child . ¤bachall f. a boy's staff: macb. a ainm . . . ar bith na [leg. a = i?] laim na macæim, BColm. 46.10 . a s. macbachaill, ib. 3 . ¤brat m., in pl. child's clothes, swaddling-clothes: ba fóglainntid . . . he asa macbrataib ┐ asa naidendacht, Alex. 810. an tan robuí ina mhacbhrataibh, Hugh Roe fo. 15 a . asa aóididh ┐ asa mhacbrataibh (sic leg.), fo. 73 a . ¤brethaid son-bearer: v s. a macbrethaig glórdai (of the Virgin Mary), Ir. Lit. 48 = LB 74a53 (see Ériu 9.85 , footnote 2). ¤cerd f. youthful art: pl. maccerdda Conculaind, TBC-I¹ 732. ¤cless m. juvenile feat: do mebhraighis do mhacchleasa, MR 302.5 . ¤comlond m.: ba handsa . . . frithalum a mha[c]comlaind, Aen. 2570. ¤dalta m. a young fosterling: caeca macdalta, IT ii2 192 . ¤daltus m.: co m. do chill i forcanar `son-fosterage to the church in which he is taught', O'Dav. 956. ¤dán m.: caraid . . . a maccdán, Thes. ii 293 ( SP ii 4 ); 'youthful art' CMCS lvii 3 § 2 . ¤díre `boy-fine', fine or honour-price payable in case of a boy? cia luigium hi maicdirib? (.i. cia mac is lugu eneclann), H 2.15A p. 17b ( O'D. 1017 ). ¤dond m. a youthful chief? Níall menmnach m., Ériu iv 110 § 72 a . ¤drettel m. a young favourite: Fráech . . . macdreittel ríg Síde ṅHerend, LL 250b36 = TBFr. 262 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. v ). a macdrettil Emna!, FB 11. ¤drúth m. an idiot boy: m. .i. a cinn a .vii. mbliadan, H 3.17 c. 265 ( O'D. 344 ). ¤fine sons of a family: mār maccḟine aīn-rīg, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 2 ( Rawl. 124a = marfine, LL 387a17 ). ¤firt f. a miracle performed in boyhood: do macfertuibh inni noem-Patraic, Lism. L. 132. i soscéla na mac[ḟ]erta the Gospel of the Infancy, LB 139b8 . See V. SS. Hib. vol. i p. xxxiv . ¤flaith a youthful chief: Mál in mac[ḟ]laith, Acall. 2503. do mhacḟlaith Mumhan, Leb. Cert. 36.1 . ¤gním a boy's deed, exploit: da mbetis na gníma óclachais aice feib atát na macgníma, TBC-LL¹ 984. 1388 . indister a macgnimaib Samsoin . . . iat, LB 128a18 . ¤gnímrad: pl. macgnimrada Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 864. macgnímartha Find, RC v 195. ¤laeg m. a young calf: mac (.i. bec) laog, LL 393a45 (term of endearment?). ¤lebar m. a book copied from another: a maicleabhar Lecan Mhec Fhirbisigh sin this is from a copy of the Book of L., Todd Nenn. p. ciii . leis gach leabhar a mhaicleabhar, Keat. iii 1395. pl. micleabhair, 484 . ¤lenb a boy-child: fad'mhaicleanb, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 12. ¤lendán a sweetheart: is é ba maclendan don ingin, RC vi 175.50 . maicleannan (of a woman), CF 244. ¤léine a boy's tunic: coeca maclene, IT ii2 191 . ¤naidm n. a bond entered into by children: rucus imdilsi eter macnadmann, ZCP xv 332 § 24. ¤noídiu a male infant, a young son: noídiu [maccnaídiu, Eg.] Conaire maic Etersceoli, BDD 106. ¤ogam .i. ogam ban torrach (a species of Ogham), Auraic. 5774. ¤slicht: in pl. macslechta sections in the laws dealing with the various classes of sons: bretha for maicslechta .i. . . . for sloinntib no for aisneithe mac, Eg. 88, fo. 16d ( O'Curry 2231 ). bretha for macslechtaib, H 4.22, p. 26 ( O'Curry 1993 ). ¤thairngertaid m. a boy who was promised: mactharṅgertaid Dé, SR 3077. ¤thairngertach a `promised son': an macthairngertach mórghlondach Aódh Rúadh, Hugh Roe, fo. 10 a . ¤thoísech m. a young chief: bó gach mactoisig, Fen. 92.25 . aenraghu mactaisech Erenn, AU ii 482. With adj. ¤amrae wondrous son: samlai, | a Maire, do macamrai Mary, the like of your wondrous son Blathm. 26 . ¤dall blind person: fége do roscaib macdall 'keenness to the eyes of the blind' 146 . ¤ḟind fair son: ar do macind irgabáil 'for the captivity of your beautiful son' 6 .

With npr.: menmna macc-Néill mullaig máel-Themra of young Niall, Ériu iv 98 § 28.

Other compds. treated separately.

míchorp

Cite this: eDIL s.v. míchorp or dil.ie/32154
Last Revised: 2013

n (= mí- + corp) aberration, corrupt or incorrect text : is ē in fer cetna Fenius Farsaid aranic na cetri haipitri seo adrubrumar. Michorp sin ar in aibitir Ebraide cetus ni he Fenius ariacht hi, BB 301a37 . mícorp uili in trēd so sīs, ar ni tancadar Ebraidi i nEgipt, 301a10 .

ógda(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ógda(e) or dil.ie/33569

Forms: úagdae

adj io,iā. (óg), in early texts also úagdae.

(a) entire, complete : ro gab Dauid . . . rígi n-ogda nIudaide the entire sovereignty, SR 6558.

(b) gen. of persons, pure, chaste, virginal : g s f. (as subst.) i mbrú na ógda Ebraide , SR 7516. ? g s m. cathclái gelbdai, gnim n-ogdai the work of a perfect craftsman (?), 4227 (perh. for ógdae agreeing with gním). v p m. a hiarmhui uagdai Abraim!, 3634 . co cléir huagdai, Fél. July 29 (hogdhae v.l.). la dá chóicat ogdae, Dec. 10 (uagdai, n-uagda v.l.). Ossein alaind ógda, Gorm. May 1. don erlamh óghdha urnaigtech, BNnÉ 201.3 . Ros Inbhir oghdha, BNnÉ 280.11 (of a monastic community).

oíb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oíb or dil.ie/33585

Forms: oíph, oíb, aíb, oeb, aeb, lan-aeba, aóbh, aoibh, aobha, aebh, aeibhe, áobh, aeib, aoibh, aebglan, oebnār

n f. and m. O.Ir. oíph, Wb. 7c1 . Mid.Ir. oíb, aíb, oeb, aeb. g s. (? a p.) lan-aeba, SR 46. aóbh (on dath) m., g s. aoibh, aobha, IGT Dec. § 38.3 . aebh f., g s. aeibhe, § 39.3 . áobh, ib. 9 . ? aeib f., § 14.11 .

(a) the orig. sense seems semblance, appearance, aspect, nature or condition (of things or abstracts). alind á oíph in forcitil nemnech immurgu a inne the form (manner) of the teaching is attractive, but its substance is poisonous, Wb. 7c1 . lestar lán, cen áeb n-engaig, | in Spírta saér, SR 7111 (= leg. aíb . . . saír). én uais co n-aib ḟorórda, 4280 . on berla Ebraide namá ro labairset . . . do-thaitne aeb a mberla dílis do chach (i.e. to each the language spoken appeared to be his own), PH 5487 . dorala saine aibe for erlabra lochta na Galilee fri haitrebtachaib Ierusalem (i.e. the Galileans had a different way of speaking from the inhabitants of Jerusalem), 3191 . ro ḟigius . . . craeb choibniusa . . . cen aíb ndoilgiusa, LL 143a 36 . Aengus cen oib n-indligid `semblance of illegality', Fél. p. xxv 9 ( LB 106b46 ). Cf. aib .i. cosmailis, Lec. Gl. 420. aibh no aoibh .i. cosmhaileas, O'Cl. áobh (innad [inand v.l.]), IGT Dec. § 39.9 .

(b) beauty or attractiveness (of appearance, nature or dis- position) ; cf. áobh (ōn dath), IGT § 38.3 . aéb na gréni a gel- lám, LL 140a11 . aéb chuirp don ḟīrgil, ib. 40 . co rus-carsat inghina righ . . . ar a oirscelaibh oeibhe ┐ engnúmha, ZCP xiii 166.6 . in ben co n-aíb rathmair ríg `the king's wife gracious and lovely', Metr. Dinds. i 8.26 . ingen briugad . . . co ndeilb luchar co lán-aíb, iii 174.102 . ro bo geis don rígh go n-aeibh `the beautiful King', Ériu iv 176.8 . aiged in airdrig . . . cona haíb ┐ cona háilli, MR 114.18 . pl. taithnid aoba for a dre[i]ch beauties, charms (of the isle of Rachru), ZCP x 53.25 (perh. an abstr., cf. oíbe).

In Mart. Gorm. freq. used in speaking of saints, perhaps in moral sense of grace : Colman co n-aib ḟīr-ōig, Gorm. Dec. 15. Gun- denes co ndegh-aeib, July 18 . Anmere na hóeibi, Nov. 2. Cf. a Iosu . . . tindlaicc damh aeib is eolus, BB 399a31 .

The expression: co n-oíb is freq. in poetry, used adverbially or as cheville: finnaid, a druide, co n-áeb, TBC-LL¹ 728 = aoib, St. dorochair Ellim co n-aíb, LL 128a21 . docer la Eochaid co n-aíb, 128b51 ( MacCarthy 170 § 2 , 188 § 6 ).

Folld. by gen.: meicc Eladan aeb idna, ZCP xiv 175.3 = aob iodhna `beauty of weapons', Leb. Gab.(i) i 158. cath F. for laechraid Laigen . . . áeb na Herenn `delight of Ireland', Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 26 ( LL 183a2 ). aoibh eoil ar ghréin 's ar ghealaigh (of a cleric and scholar), Arch. Hib. i 93.3 .

Of condition, vigour; prosperity, felicity, affluence : fa mór m'allud ocus m'aéib, Anecd. i 36.5 (of the Hawk of Achill). nír dúr a allud 's a aeb, LL 33a36 . don druing fa mór aoibh is á[i]gh, Ériu i 100.14 . Gúaire na háebe, LL 297b29 . fer d'a tuc Dia aibh ┐ grasa co mór `felicity', AU iii 148.12 . cenn aibhe ┐ aitis fear nEreann `cheerfulness', AFM iv 1146.17 . níor shiubhail iath . . . nach bíodh fa lán aoibhe an ḟir (i.e. every land he travelled in tasted of his affability), Arch. Hib. i 91 § 13 . an tí dobheir 's dogheibh grádh | do fhan sé go bráth fá aoibh is always in bliss, Dánta Gr. xi 12 . da mbeith ar an ealadhuin aoibh nō onoir ag Gaoidhealuibh if learning were held in favour or honour by Gaels, YBL 170a45 (scribe's colophon).

(c) in Mart. Gorm. freq. used as an adj. in composition with another preceding adj. Failbe finn-óeb (.i. aebh alainn), Gorm. Apr. 29 . pápa Félic fír-áeb, July 29 . Euseb oll-oeb, Aug. 25. Beatrix og ol[l]-aib, July 29 . Cf. fri sratha slan-aeb, SR 54 (= g p.?). In mod. lang. aoibh is used as an adj.: múscail méinn aontadhach aoibh `a kindly spirit of unity', Ó Bruad. ii 10.13 . aoibh `pleasant, civil, courteous', O'R.

Compds.

(a) with follg. adj.: Fergus oeb-ghel, Gorm. May 29 . an taobh aoibhgheal mar uan tonn, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 6. aebglan, Gorm. Apr. 8. oebnār, ib. Sep. 20. sluadh nime naomaingligh aob aiblidh (= oíb-oíbligh), ZCP viii 211.16 .

(b) with noun: Agapitus aebdrech of gracious countenance, Gorm. Aug. 6. ra ḟacsin a áebdreche, RC xxix 211 § 1. hi niurt athar ┐ aobmaic ┐ aobspirda, ZCP vi 258.14 . for oebnemh, Gorm. Sep. 23.

sechem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sechem or dil.ie/36757
Last Revised: 2019

ā, f. vn. of seichithir. act of following .

(a) freq. in fig. sense of imitating, following (a course of action, a teaching, a method, etc.): im sechim a gníme et im gabáil desimrechte de, Wb. 26d17 . ind leire doratsam fri sechim gníme adim hi pecdib taibrem fri sechim gníme crist in iustitia , 13d15 . cen a sechim gl. (uestigia) relinquere, Sg. 30a20 . do sechim inna ndegnímae ┐ do imgabail inna ndroch-gnimae, Ml. 128d9 . ardotchuibdig fri s.¤ na mbriathar sin, LU 3506 ( SCC 26 ). is ed . . . fodera do Ebraidib sechimm uird alphabeti sui . . ., Lib. Hymn. 65 B 49 . imnochta do sechim dogrēss ar Crīst, ZCP iii 28.z . imon tesmailt is cóir dó do s.¤ ┐ do inntshamail, PH 3981 . oc sechim forcetail . . . Ísu Crist, 2377 . ar seichim Gregda . . . ┐ Ebraide following Greek and Hebrew (models), Auraic. 3417 . sitheam [.i. leanmain], Lec. Gl. 360 . sitim .i. leanmain, do. M 174 .

(b) act of straying (?): doluidh for sechim co mboe etir scuru Enda, BB 405b44 . In the phr. s.¤ sirite (? = pres. indic. pl. rel. of sirid), applied to cattle which of their own accord wander from the territory of their owner: seichme siriti .i. in t-ellach lenas duine cen chet do, ut est, annsom tighradus ┐ rl. sechme siriti ala crich, .i. na sirthoraigh bid ag siredh aiti no aide tar in crich no as in crich, O'Dav. 1407 . imacraidh tainic immach i ndeghaidh na hathghabala, ┐ a riaghail re sechim siridi gu rochet amach, O'D. 2444 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 60a ). in imurcruidh tainic i ndeguidh na hathgabhála . . . is a mbeth amuil in sechium sirite, Laws ii 72.y Comm .

? To this: cath . . . for slūago Muman is mó sechme (`with greatest outcome'), Arch. Hib. ii 59 § 5 ( LL 182b19 ). fri s.¤ (recte sechim) slúag, Metr. Dinds. iii 256.3 .

sechtmoga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sechtmoga or dil.ie/36811
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -ad, seachtmhoghad

num nt, m. In later language also -ad, o, m. IGT Decl. § 11.7 . n s. seachtmhoghad, Aithd. D. 91.10 .

seventy : sechtmogo la cech f[er] din cethrur-so, Ml. 2b13 . fo choic sechtmogat ata diabsalma isint saltir nó it coic sailm sechtmogat diant titul diabpsalma, 2c2 . in dala descipul lxx.-at `one of the seventy-two disciples', Laws i 20.2 Comm . re rē sechtmogad bliadan, MacCarthy 278.16 . is e imorro lín na mberla, a do ar sechtmogat, PH 5482 . da cenél sechtmogat do milaib mara, Ériu ii 126 § 89 . s.¤ a llín, 106 § 17 . mé a sé is seachtmhoghad bliadhan | dom mearughadh lé (viz. an cholann) ar luaghal, Aithd. D. 91.10 . seachdmodha, no seachdmodhad .i. deich ┐ trí fichid, O'Cl.

In references to the Septuagint : debi na Fírinni Ébraide frisin Sechtmogait Tintúdach 'the variation in the Hebrew Verity from the Septuagint', Sex Aet. 65 § 3 . do réir an Seachtmhoghat Fear Friotail `according to the Septuagint', TSh. 976 . do réir an ḟriotail nó an translation do-rinneadh leis na seachtmhogha fear friotail, Eochairsg. 57.11 .

senchaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. senchaid or dil.ie/37122
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: senchaide, senchaid, senchaide, senchada, senchaid, senchaide, senchaidiu, sencaidaib, senchad, sencaid, senchad, senchae, senchaid, seanchaidh, tseanchaidh, tseanchadh, seanchaidhe

n i, m. Later also senchaide. n s. in senchaid , LU 3062 . senchaide, PH 6946 . g s. senchada, ZCP iv 237 § 3 . d s senchaid, TBC-LL¹ p. 911 n. 3 . n p. senchaide, Laws v 360.7 Comm . a p. senchaidiu, Anecd. ii 73.11 v.l. d p. sencaidaib, Laws i 34.16 Comm . The follg. forms, g s. senchad, BDD² 997 . n p. sencaid, LU 3475 ( SCC 25 ). g p. senchad, SR 1059 , may, perhaps, derive from senchae declined as a t- stem, which may have been the oldest form, with senchaid, orig. d s., forming new nom. seanchaidh m. g s. an tseanchaidh , an tseanchadh , n p. na seanchaidhe , IGT Decl. § 52 .

a reciter of lore; a historian : ní aisnébet sin ná seanchaid dul damsa ónd orguin, BDD² 720 . is disi rochet in s.¤ na runnu-sa, LU 3062 . a s.¤ Cairthede, 11040 . noi mís lána . . . | o rohet Adam anmain | iar sliucht sruithi senchad slán | co rodelbad a banscal, SR 1059 . co n-epert . . . `Senchaidhe suidhighet . . . sreatha fían fianeirghe fechat coir coicerta iar cintaib cnedh', Anecd. ii 73.11 . cia no beth sencus aile and oc na sencaidaib, Laws i 34.16 Comm . senchaide ┐ brithemain ┐ echlacha, RC xiv 414.1 . im dá ṡ.¤ na tána, TBC-LL¹ 1576 . do Aed . . . do phrims.¤ Laigen ar gaes ┐ eolas ┐ trebaire lebur, p. 911 n. 3 . mad iar n-Iosifio primshenchaide na n-Ebraide , PH 6946 . atberait na senchaidi go ro dithaigset gaill a muintir, Cog. 62.4 . oir dlighidh seanchaidh seneolus . . . d'aisneis, MR 96.6 . tré ainbhfios na seanchadh, Keat. i 84.19 . seanchaidhe Éireann áille, | . . . | atáid san bhaile an bhuidhean, | caidhe sráid na seanchuidheadh, Ériu v 58 § 85 = sráid na seanchoidhedh, IGT Decl. ex. 1323 . créd rádh na senchadh mur sin | gu sengfadh ó chlár Chaisil, ex. 1331 . sgél leam dhá dheimhneaghadh dhuibh | ga ferr seinleabhar seanchaidh, ex. 1324 . do bhí Iehosaphat . . . na sheanchuigh, 2 Samuel viii 16 . sencaidh gach fer forba nó ferainn everyone who owns a patrimony or estate is a historian, has a memory for the past (a proverb), BNnÉ 248 § 201 . In phr. suí senchada a very learned historian : is and is súii hsenchada in tan léghas léirghnimo Innsi Héibir, ZCP iv 237 § 3 . ní dligh . . . cuairt in file nó in tsúi tsencotha na fiasara adha . . . na rígh, ib. n. 5 ( Eg. 1782, 36b1 ). The s.¤ was an important witness esp. in disputes as to land (cf. Cóic Con. p. 10 ): adeir . . . cur ob lia dfiadhnaib ┐ do tsenchaidhib ina taeb fein, O'D. 1961 ( Eg. 90, fo. 7, p. 2, col. a ). mása tuinighe ┐ senchaidhe con dara de ┐ fiadhain ┐ sencaidhe oc araile, is do tsenchaidhe na tuinighe légur, 1957 ( Eg. 90, fo. 7 ). nocho fuach[t]naighthi comruc a re . . . im in ni ro bethaigdais fiadain ┐ sencaidhi, acht im in ni na bethaighdais fiadain na senchaidhe, Laws v 302.27 Comm . toinges for an ceile ni na bethaiget fiadain na senchaide, 360.7 Comm .

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