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attlugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. attlugud or dil.ie/4944

Forms: altaigthe, -i, altugud

u, m. vn. of ad-tluichethar. In phr. a.¤ buide act of giving thanks, thanksgiving . Also freq. in pl. altaigthe, -i (cf. Lat. gratiae). Later altugud. denid a.¤ buide do Dia di cach maith dogní frib, Wb. 27a7 . a.¤ boide do Dia di bar n-ícc tritsom, 27c2 . tre atlogod buide donaib noibaib, 17a3 . do atlugud buide, Thes. i 488.20 ( Tur. 58a ). atligthe buide gl. gratiae, Wb. 14c5 . int (leg. ind) atlaigthi buide gl. gratiae, Ml. 36b19 . ro-gní Echu atlaigthe buide do Dia, Trip.² 2111 . tuccsat altucchadh buide a ccosccair don choimde, AFM vi 2132.27 . do-ronne altugad buidhi fri Dia ar in furtacht for-fuair, Grail 1994 . altaigti buidhi, 3867 . With reverse order: bermait buide n-altaighthi do Dia (.i. gratias Deo agimus), Corm. Y 684 . rugsatar a buidi altaidi duna deib, Mer. Uil. 264 v.l. ( BB 447a48 ).

Without buide: ailli mési ┐ altugud laisseom, Mon. Tall. 131.10 (§ 8) . glúasacht cluicc do atluchud / dond Ríg dorúasat túarai, Ériu iii 102 § 31 . atlugud gl. hymnus, Rawl. B 512, 71b (Plummer MS notes). an té ibhios a chapán a ndiaigh altuighthe (an offence requiring absolution), Mac Aingil 6467 . a biadh uile d'altuccadh, BNnÉ 282.12 . do altugud (atlaghadh v.l.) na hairmiden ┐ na honora moiri sin, RC xxiv 64 § 26 . altachud a édāla, ZCP viii 221.2 . déana a altoghadh give thanks for it, DDána 114.17 .

Prob. in sense of rejoicing, taking pleasure in in: oc atlugud ima beth isi[n] phein, LB 143a15 . fodord um cach maith, altugad cech uilc (signs of invidia), ZCP iii 26.17 .

ball

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ball or dil.ie/5299
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m. (see ZCP xxiii 300 , LEIA B-12 , Études Celt. xxvii 187-88 ). Treated as n. in: cach ṁb.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5950.

(a) limb, member, organ (used of any portion of the body): is b.¤ di crist in fer, Wb. 22c9 . hore adi[b] boill crist, b10 . báll, Wb. 12 a 18 . tria huili baullo ┐ gnímo, Thes. ii 252.16 (Stowe M.). in gét a bullu ar crist . . . ? Wb. 9d4 . far nuili baullu gl. membra uestra, 3b26 . 12b12 . tre thesbaid naich baill, Sg. 5a5 . cach súg bís isnaib ballaib gl. sucum membrorum, Ml. 44d8 . innam (inna, MS.) b.¤ tuisten gl. locorum genitalium, 58b2 . clam dia tuititis a baild, Vita Br. 25. fo comdecsain in boill in roclannadh in crécht, Bretha 30 n. 5 . issé b.¤ fo a taet imdergæ (the face), O'Mulc. 403. is b.¤ cēta-geinit[h]er (the head), 217 . cach b.¤ de, LU 5014 (TBC). cor bo b.¤ da ballaib a mac, TBC-LL¹ 2931. iar mballaibh limb by limb, BB 365bz . ni boi b.¤ de cen pian fo leith acht a thenga nama, PH 2871. ní fhaca aon ball de gan éideadh acht a shúile ┐ a chosa, Ériu i 88 § 35. le comailt na mb.¤ foirimillach `the extremities', O'Gr. Cat. 193.32. na mb. oilemhnach `of the organs of nutrition', 206.22 . Reg. San. 30.15 . ona ballaibh ainmidhi . . ona ballaibh spirutalta `the animal parts . . . the spiritual parts', 8 , 11 . teid dindsaige … na mball spirudalda `goes to … the organs of respiration´ Ériu x 146 § 2 . boill Dé . . . do thabhairt to swear by God's limbs, Donlevy 74.5 . baill do dénam di to dismember: dogentar boill dítt, Fier. 116 . boill bheacca do denamh da corp, AFM iv 658.z. Of male and female genitalia : b.¤ ferda membrum virile. labrum anois mar is coir in ball bannda d'fairsingiugad i n-aimsir na nidhan, Irish Texts v 36 § 19 . osa minca ghallraighter iad o chuis na geineamhna ┐ co lanmor gallraighter iad timcheall na mball nadurdha, Irish Texts v 12.23 (of women). See ferda . Cf. do b.¤ feili pudendum tuum , YBL 208ax . coro benta do láim dona trí ballaib filet acut da ndeine do chlaind, RC xiii 66 § 64. ? Fiachra Cassán . . . / da biach bar baill bróe atróe, LL 6075.

(b) Fig. member of community (cf. mem(m)ar, 1 cenn): o thair in b.¤ eineclunn . . . a dualgus in cind `the follower', Laws i 62.23 Comm. ; glossing memmar, iv 196.23 , v 360.1 . a crochad do ballaib diabuil .i. do Iúdaidib, PH 4870. boill don aoinEaglais, Desid. 4074. arna cennaib, ┐ ar na ballaibh, RSClára 29b . ? gidh eadh níor theith, níor thuill guth / go breith gach bhoill don Bharrach, DDána 87.8 `but won the approval of every side (?)', Ir. Monthly 1928, 549 .

(c) Of inanimate objects part, portion, piece; article, object: im ocht mbullu arafognat muillond `eight parts', Laws i 124.17 . go ffuil ina b.¤ coimesa token, testimony, ZCP x 20 v.l. (go ffuil sin ar cuimhne, text). do bud b.¤ cruaidh coimessa, Irish Texts ii 11 § 10. ballorb .i. ball do forbau na filideachta aicce, Auraic. 1305. b.¤ éigin dom ealadhain `a small example of my art', Aithd. D. 40.21 . b.¤ oibri, IGT Decl. ex. 54. re cois gach boill don leine, Stair Erc. 2513. b.¤ óirnéisi = instrument, Isaiah liv 16. b., dadum . . . `an atom, point, spot ', Eg. Gl. 80. In abstract sense, quality, faculty: cía bald ba dech dó nógébad di cleircecht `which attribute of the clerical character', Mon. Tall. 158.30 (§ 76) . ? ball einigh, Magauran 4381 (`a point of generosity'). Gramm. of part of a verb: fríssin bréthir as sum no fria baullu, Thes. ii 228.36 ( PCr. 61b2 ). sum coná ballib, Sg. 193b8 . cia b.¤ in brethir?, Auraic. 322.

(d) place, spot; of a book, passage: an b.¤ na ted sé a ferann na fine where, in the event that, O'Curry 2233 ( Eg. 88, 17a ). ní cuala me an oiread sin do ghuithibh daoine ar aonbh. riamh, CF Eg. 150. a ngach uile bh.¤ (= in every place), Proverbs xv 3. ag míniughadh an bhoill úd 'san tsean-reacht, Eochairsg. 10.30 . contrardha dhó féin a niomad do bhallaibh (of a heretic), Ó Héodhusa 34.11 .

ar (an m)b.¤ immediately, forthwith, at once: ar b.¤ d'eís an t-anam da fhagbhail, Rule of Tallaght § 29. táinig an cléireach ar b.¤ , Oss. iii 278.11 . mo chur ar an mb.¤ go hifrionn, Desid. 1168. air b.¤ (= straightway ), Proverbs vii 22. air a mb.¤ , Donlevy 186.26 . duine bhreathnuigheas a ghnúis a sgáthan . . . ┐ dhearmadas air b.¤ a chruth féin, 220.18 .

(e) spot, mark, blemish: Echu Ballderg . . . co rabai in b.¤ sin inna churp do chomurthu ind ḟerta, Trip.² 2419 - 20 . do ballaib bithchorcra co ndeirgi fola laíg, BDD² 37. ní fuil / b.¤ ar an flaith romferguigh, Ériu iv 220 § 28. madh glan an corp don taoibh thall / b.¤ ar a chaoin níor locht liom, Dán Dé xxvii 31 . do bhídis na baill chorcra / ortha d'éis gach ionnalta, A. Ó Dálaigh li 18. tí nó b.¤ dearg ar a láimh, Keat. ii 2265. ? sreath do chaolach bhán go a barr / clár ball gcraobhach ós a cionn, DDána 119.28 (from a description of a castle).

Compds. With adjj.: a bé barrbude balbán (read ballb., n.) white-limbed , TFerbe 798 . ba bradanaib becca ballbreca speckled , TTebe 3520 . bradán ballc[h]orcra, ML² 498. Eochaid Scandail .i. ballderg red-spotted , LL 322e36 . Colman Baldub, 366g29 . in ballgel Baluíne, Fél. Oct. 4. Bran Berba ballglaine `fleckenreinen', Bruchst. 8 § 9. in ballglandu, . . . / Moire Magdallda fair-limbed, ZCP x 46.21 . tond ban ballglass bright-flecked , Anecd. i 54 § 30. ben bán ballmass, 69 § 163 .

With nouns: calmach um nach faghar fuacht / a bhalbhruth gan bladhadh mbharc (sic) `the fire from his limbs', Magauran 1660 . ag flaith ballDaile of the speckled Dail (a river), DDána 83.11 .

With vnn.: an talamh ar baill-chrioth ┐ bioth-luasgadh, TSh. 1039. gan a mballghabháil ní bhíd `they put forth ever fresh growths', Magauran 340 (`branching', note).

In compd. serc-ball, see serc compds. Cf. phr. ball seirce (in oral tradition), ITS xlviii Introd. xxvii.

cethair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cethair or dil.ie/8908
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ceithre, cethra, cheithre, cheathra

num. adj. four . On distinction of gender see Auraic. 4704 ff. M. and n. nom. c.¤ tóraic, Críth G. 530 . ┐ che(i)thir méich mracha, 139 . cethir cinid, Ériu xvi 182 § 31 . cethir chét (chet, cet, MSS.), Fél. Sept. 1 . cetir h-oll-choigid Erenn, Celt. Rev. iv 120.3 . a cheithir maic side, ZCP viii 312.5 . Accus. (see GOI 246 ): etir inna cethri fersu, Ml. 58a11 . na ceithri raithiu, Blathm. 226 . Gen. delba na cethra n-anmande, Ériu xxiii 32 . co n-airchai cethre traige[d] ndeec, Críth G. 135 . ceithri ndam, BDD² 814 . carpat cethri secht cumal, LL 10072 (TBC). Dat. cona ceitri primhblasaibh, Blathm. 85 . Fem. nom. cet[h]oir flathæ, ZCP iii 453.16 . cet[h]oir trebairi (cetheoire, v.l.), 1 . cetheoir baí, Críth G. 389 . cetheoira aicsin, Ml. 118d10 (intermediate spelling, GOI 242 ). cetheoræ crosfigell laisim `he uses four cross vigils' (with sg. noun ?), Mon. Tall. 138.5 . cethora primfodla, IT iii 6.4 . cethora ōa, RC xxiv 143.16 . Accus. hi cetheora flescæ, ZCP iii 460 n.20 . dicoissin cetheora déisi, Críth G. 321 . for cethora benna na gabla, LU 4799 (TBC). cethēora flathi, ZCP xi 86 § 44 . fó chethéor arda = per totum circuitum, Trip.² 565 (cf. cetharaird). Gen. áes cetheora mblíadnae, Críth G. 34 . mithissi cetheora n-var fichet, RC xi 450.1 . Dat. clár findruine and co cetheoraib auaib, TBFr. 91 . co cetheora ngem, Acall. 4958 v.l.

After the O. Ir. period the form ceithri is used for all genders and cases: ceithri bliadna fichet, Anecd. i 5.22 (scribal expansion of .iu. for ceitheóra, SCano p. x). cetri gnuse, Hib. Min. 3.78 . cet[h]ri dorais, ZCP viii 108.13 . cethri coicid herenn, RC iii 179.3 . ceithre catha, ML² 2086 . ceartchosair ceithri ṅdrong, BDD² 811 . do seichedaib ceithri tarb, TTebe 1484 . foreand na cethri long fichet, Mer. Uil.² 173 . dina ceithri sráitib, BDD² 154 . baei C. a ceithri cairpthig i 1Lifiu, 127 . Also cethra: cetra .l. cen miri, LU 3983 ( SCC 45 ). na cethra meic, BLism. 77d37 . cetra lá, Acall. 775 (cetri, v.l., Murphy Lyrics p. 142 ). cethra scribaill fichet, Airne F. 358 . ceathra: leathna, DDána 65.6 . ( ceithre : beirthe, 34.22 ). ceard na gceathra ndúl, 5.31 . ar cheathra hairdibh an domhain, TSh. 17 ( ar na ceithre hairdibh, 26 ).

Initial of ceithre cethra usually lenited in late MSS., see DDána, TSh., Párl. na mB.: ar na cheithre súbháilcibh, Párl. na mB. 2015 ( ceithre, TSh. 26 cited above). For treatment of follg. initial in later lang. cf. an focal nach bí d'uathadh ┐ d'iollradh, lom as cóir a ainm iollraidh a ndíaigh cheithir ┐ cheathair, IGT Introd. § 18 (see Bard. Synt. Tr. 183 ) i.e. when folld. by noun with form of ns. cheithre and cheathra do not affect a follg. consonant but prefix h to vowels, while cheithir and cheathair lenite (only one ex. is available for the form ending in -r. For the other form the general rule would appear to be as in the case of trí, q.v.). Exx. (apart from gen.), with ns. form are rare, cf. Críth G. 530 , Mon. Tall. 138.5 and Acall. 4958 v.l. cited above). do cheathra druimne, DDána 65.6 . ceithre huirrdhighthe, IGT Introd. 2.3 . ceithre chuid, Content. vi 48 . ceis cheathair fhaobhar (: hEachaidh), IGT Introd. § 18 (for ceatharfhaobhar metri gratia?).

Subst. and absol. uses: na cethuir `the four', Laws i 256.z . a c.¤ do linni four (days), iv 220.3 (.iiii., Ériu xvii 76.8 ). a dáu no a trí nó [a] c.¤ , Críth G. 461 . cá mhéid . . . ? A ceathair, Donlevy 156.14 . nod-randsat hi c.¤ , RC ix 486.8 . latri c.¤ cethrachat fifty-two(?), SR 116 . fichi bliadan sa c.¤ twenty-four, Rawl. 163b37 . a c.¤ dēg . . . do . . . , Fl. Earls 92.12 . co fu ch.¤ `four times', Ériu xix 62 § 18 . fochetair, Hib. Min. 12.418 . xui. bliadna fa ch.¤ (: fialchrechaig), LL 14854 ( MacCarthy 164.6 ). Calann Enair for Mairt ┐ c.¤ uathaid furri `the fourth day of the moon', Ann. Conn. 1409.1 . ar . . . denoim . . . cairdiusa Crist risin darna fer d[i]obh [┐] a ceathair risin fear eili `after he had . . . acted as godfather to (the child of) the latter and as co-sponsor with the other', Ann. Inisf. 1305.4 . ? coná fríth leó eigin dia fhostadh acht na cethra (of a cleric), AFM ii 720.15 . ? in-aimsir Aeda iar c.¤ , Fen. 220.15 .

Compds.

(a) With sg. nouns in sense four(fold). See cetharaird and cethardóit. foseted cetharbolcc, RC xi 444.26 `a foursquare bellows', Meyer Contribb. ceathairbricht (a metre), IT iii 99.3 . cet[h]ar-dam Ulcain `V.'s four oxen', TTr.² 1 . in ceathardamh co n-irdam / ro threabsat tir Parrtolan, BB 25a31 . See cethardenus. cethar-dubhladh = quadruplicacio, Ir. Gl. 931 . See cethardúil. ? cethardhul, Ériu xiii 26.7 . cetharech lais four steeds, Críth G. 345 . cethochrus no ceatharfochrus bruit derg imbi, TBC-I¹ 3395 (cf. cathḟochrus). cetharliber in tsoscēl, Corm. Y 248 . an cetharlebar sosceli `the four books of the Gospels', Mon. Tall. 138.1 . ? ethech . . . fo cethar-lebrai soscelai, Ériu vii 156.20 . cetharlíth (? cethair + líth) the four main feasts of the year; the year (?): nību hen cēt cetharlith 'he (Echu) was not an old man of hundreds of years (when he drowned)', Aided Echach 96 § 4(e) . ? a challech ón chetharlocht / a dind callech sonaide, LL 308b26 ( SG 389.42 ). suidigter do corp a cethurraen `cross-roads', Lism. L. 634 . See cethairríad. mo sherc / . . . / is cetharruinn talman, IT i 124.13 (TE). dligid cetharslechta aithgabala fourfold, O'Curry 781 ( H 3.18, 366a ) (form ?). Cothraige / cetharthrebe `of the four households', Thes. ii 309.3 (Hy. ii). See Ogma 302-3 .

(b) As in (a) but giving adjectival compds.: ceithirbheann, Duan. F. ii 278 § 110 ` four-peaked ', Gloss. C. Ceithirchenn `C. Fourheads', Dinds. 78 ( RC xv 478 ) (c. Ceithirchennach, ibid. 479). Cermun cetharchend, LL 26324 `cattle-headed', Meyer Contribb. ( Metr. Dinds. iii 88 ). araile ech . . . fulud cetharchrua, LL 24868 . ? cecht cuna fedhain techta cethardam ┐rl., O'Curry 1982 ( H 4.22, 20 ). brat corcra cethardiabail, IT ii1 177.91 = sagum quadrum, p. 214 . F. cethar-derc four-eyed , AU i 274.16 . ? ae cethardorus, O'Curry 444 ( H 3.18, 238b ) = cethardhoruis, O'D. 533 ( H 3.17, 431 ) = -dorais, O'D. 576 (443). cin con cetardoruis, 2226 (Nero A vii, 152b). See cetharchair.

(c) With adjj. See cetharchubaid. traig cethargairit gl. proceleusmaticum `foot of four short syllables', Sg. 7b13 . cen broind coíc-duirn . . . cethirláin capacious, MacCongl. 75.17 (see p. 205). laech cetherlethan comremar, LL 11893 ( TBC-LL¹ 5281 ). ceathar-sgaoilte, ML 128.6 .

(d) With adjj. derived from nouns: ind long cethararddidi, LU 1952 ( FA 2 ). mattal cethar-bennach, LB 148a37 . D. chetharchichech, LL 349g16 . cathbarr . . . ceithircimsach four-edged, CF 286 . ac na hainmindtib cetarcosacha quadrupeds , Rosa Angl. 224.8 . MacCongl. 127.30 . int anmanda cetharchosta, TTebe 159 . bruiden . . . cethardoirsech, MU² 204 . an eorna chethardruimnech, O'Dav. 1475 . atáid tenid . . . cethirdrumnig cethirdórsig, MacCongl. 63.5 . a ráith ceathardhruimneach, IGT Introd. § 99 . da triliss . . . ┐ fighe chethur-dhúalach for cechtar n-ai fourfold plait, IT i 119.21 (TE Eg.). corp . . . cethar-dúilech, Add. 4783, 7a1 (cited Meyer Contribb.). saigde . . . cethareochracha (= cetharchair), Alex. 181 . claideb cethar-fáebrach, Laud 610, 8a (cited Plummer MS. notes). cetha[r]litride gl. tetragrammaton, Ml. 127d1 . cona laind cetherliterdai ina láim containing four letters. Alex. 87 . anamain cain cetherreach .i. gusna cethre reaib ogha ellgiter innti .i. da re soirce ┐ da re doirce, O'Curry 581 ( H 3.18, 288 ) (see 1 anamain. Second element uncertain, but above etymol. accepted by Thurneysen, IT iii 165 ). deich mba ┐ samaisc a nanamain in tan nach ceathar foglach: bó ar fichit . . . in tan is ceatharrigach, O'D. 980 ( H 3.17, 779 ). cetharregac, O'Curry 2059 ( H 4.22, 64b ). a. ceithir-riatach, O'D. 979 ( H 3.17, 778 ). h-ímaigen . . . charpait cethirriata (= cethairríad), LB 235a43 . cuig carpait cetharriata, Mart. Don. xxxv 9 . carpat cæm ceith[ir]riada ` four-horsed ', TTebe 2694 . atáid tenid ... cethar-scoltig de uindsinn 'divided in four', MacCongl.² 24.739 . cethar-tinnide composed of four metals (Daniel's image), Rawl. B. 512, 69d (cited Plummer MS. notes). trosdán cetharuillennach, SG 44.24 . ceithreuilinnach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 98.1 . ecclas cetaruillech, BNnÉ 235 § 157 .

cethrar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cethrar or dil.ie/8930
Last Revised: 2019

n o (cethair) four persons : la cech f[er] din cethrur-so, Ml. 2b13 . ergnaid sui siacht slicht cétrair, LU 988 (ACC). cethror . . . dá áes gráda, 2799 . gatis cethrur echu P., Trip.² 2340 . an c.¤ fuaradar bás, TTebe 956 . taisech cethrair = quadrum uir, Ir. Gl. 400 . athair trī cethrur, Thes. ii 300.7 (Hy. i) .i. .xii. patriarchae, gl. 8 . sé cethrair, Bodl. Dinds. 35 . c.¤ ar fichit do Uib Ócaín `twenty-four', RC xviii 173.8 (Tig.). an chethrair bráthar (g s.), RSClára 89b . c.¤ ridiri, Stair Erc. 989 .

As dat. of accompaniment: mí nád n-imthet rí acht cethrur (c.¤, v.l.), Críth G. 536 . a cethrur the four of them, Trip.² 2337 . dolluid seom imach ceathror, Anecd. i 3.16 `with three companions', SCano Gloss . cethrur airech tanic P., LL 480 . for in fer bis cethrur ag indeitbire torbaidh `with four persons', Laws i 274.1 Comm.

Of animals : ar cheathrar ainmheinte, Trompa na bhF. 2906 .

Of things : is iad an ceathrar: l m n r, FS Delorez 7.38 (of letters).

1 degaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 degaid or dil.ie/15058

Forms: degid, degaid, digaid, dĭgaid, degaid, digaid, degaid, deguid, dedaid, dedaig, degaig, degaich, dega, deagha, dheagh, ndagaid, negaid

adj i, a s. in i ndegaid n-, nom. prep. with gen. Old vn. of †do-saig (cf. con-dïeig) seeks, searches , and regularly developed from †dí-ṡagid > deägid > degaid. Never †dechaid (cf. fochaid). — degid only Acr. 10 c 3 . degaid, Wb. 30 b 14 . Sg. 5 a 2 . 7 a 4 . 7 b 1 , 6 . 26 b 7 . 101 b 1 . Tur. 74 . Thes. ii 357. 14 . The form digaid only in Mil (where degaid does not occur): Ml. 71 b 11 . 78 c 14 . 81 c 3 . 111 a 5 . 138 c 18 ; probably dĭgaid (otherwise Thurn. Hdb. 458 ). For the interchange degaid: digaid, cf. dead: 1 díad, which latter form, like digaid, in Oir. only occurs in Mil (and once in Tur). As to the confusion of degaid, digaid with dead, diaid, see dead under Inflexion.

ECLIPSES a following stressed syllable: i ndegaid nÍsu, Tur. 74 . i ndegaid ṅguttae, Sg. 5 a 2 . i nd.¤ ṅDé, 101 b 1 . —Only Oir.

ASPIRATION only Mid.-Ir. (cf. i ndiaid). a nd.¤ Chelestíni BB 10 a 32 . a nd.¤ chlainde Morna, Acall. 2817 . —Cf. SR 6042 . SG 67. 20 . ZCP viii 115. 15 .

MID.-IR. SPELLINGS: degaid, deguid, dedaid ( TBC-LL¹ 2187 Y), dedaig ( TBC-LL¹ 400 Y; FDG 340 ), degaig ( TBC-LL¹ 1558 Y), degaich ( Lec. 353 a 47 ), dega ( Laws iii 40. 2 , 4 ). na deagha sin, Lib. Flav. ii 7 a 1. 8 f.b. ina dheagh sin, 8 a 1. 6 (hardly for dead). i ndagaid , Todd Nenn. 48. 1 (confusion of i nd.¤ with i nagaid). PHONET. a negaid , ZCP viii 115.15 . Cog. 164. 8 .

MOD.-IR. i ndeaghaidh, frequent in poetry and also heard in the spoken language. Cf. Quiggin Dial. Don. § 162 and dead II A (d). For deabhaidh, v. ib.

Originally in search of. Of serial and temporal order, synon. with i ndiaid ( i ndigaid, Ml. 78 c 14 = i ndiad, 42 b 5 , 72 b 27 . i nd.¤ .i. i ndiad, Cog. 164. 8 ). Translates Lat. post, Sg. 101 b 1 . Tur. 74 . proinde, Ml. 71 b 11 . Refers to Lat. sequens, Sg. 7 b 6 . subsequens, 7 b 1 . successio, Ml. 78 c 14 . Acr. 10 c 3 . — The original sense is still apparent in a phrase like the foll.: conadh aṁlaidh sin fuair (sc. in chaillech) bás i nd.¤ Suibhne in the pursuit of S., BS 82. 13 .

(a) loc. after, behind; of serial order after, following after (cf. dead II A (d α)).post deum .i. i nd.¤ ṅDé next to God Sg. 101 b 1 . i noensillaib disi ┐ in gute inna degaid, 7 b 1 . ib. 5 a 2 . 7 b 6 . dogéntais drúid tinchetla na ndegaid arná fétaitis tichtain arís, LL 13 a 34 . darónad cipi oenchatha do gallaib ... ┐ tucad ina negaid (sic) sen é .i. i ndiad na nanmargach, Cog. 164. 8 . ib. 82. 7 . vii mba ina ndeághaidh sin following them ML 4. 14 . robtis do chethramthain scáilte ricfaidis dochum in dúnaid i ndegaid do charpait TBC-LL¹ 1184Y. rasrengad i nd.¤ a ech ┐ a charpait, TBC-LL¹ 1924 (cf. dead II (d η)).—Often opp. to remi: vi sluaig rempi...vi sluaig na degaid, SR 4876 . Críst reum Críst im degaid, Thes. ii 357. 14 . PH 4383 . — after, in succession to (cf. dead II (d β)): maic i ndegaid a nathre, Wb. 30 b 14 . rogab in ríge a ndeadhaidh a athar, BB 9 b 46 . ib. 7 a 46 . 9 b 38 . 10 a 32 . TFrag. 16. 18 ; 50. 19 ; 96. 9 . cech ... i nd.¤ alaili (alaile f.) one after another = cech...i ndiad alaili (cf. dead II d β). continua successione .i. cech rí i ndigaid alaili, Ml. 78 c 14 . Acr. 10 c 3 . Sg. 7 a 4 . cech lathi i ndigaid alaili, Ml. 111 a 5 , cf. lá i nd.¤ alaili, LU 130 a 37 . degaid i ndegaid = diaid i ndiaid: mas dega i ndega, Laws iii 408. 21 .

(b) of temporal order: after, following immediately on. is gnáth lie i naibnib i ndigaid flechud mór, Ml. 81 c 3 . mí rempi ┐ dechmaid ina deghaidh, Laws i 198. 3 f.b. bó ...rogaod a ndeghaidh a daim, TFrag. 36. 3 f.b. foraindi ┐ forár maccaib inár ṅdegaid, PH 2731 .

i nd.¤ sin proinde Ml. 71 b 11 . Cf. i ndiad sin (dead II d γ). ina d.¤ sin thereafter, then , very common in Mir. ina d.¤ sin táinic Conall assin baile amach, Acall. 2711 . ib. 3075 . 3089 . 3234 . 3240 . 3334 . guibhe (i.e. guidh) na dheadhaidh sin cu dlúithdeifirech, Lib. Flav. 23 a 1. 15 . ML 66. 11 . inda degaid sin, 3 B 23, 17 a 11 f.b. na deaghai sin, Lib. Flav. ii 7 a 1. 8 f.b. ina dheagh sin, ii 8 a 1. 6 (or = i ndead). MOD. na dheagha' san, na dheaghaig sin; cf. na dheabhaigh sin ( GJ viii 208 ). ina d.¤ (often referring to a preceding subst.) id., Laws iii 40. 2 . Lec. 353 a 47 . ní dernad remi ná na degaid (sic leg.) mirbail bud mó, PH 32 . BS § 70. 4 . SG 21. 23 .

ina chertdegaid directly afterwards: na ch., MR 200 . 18 . LL 130 a 26 .

(c) after verba movendi, after, to, denoting the aim or object , cf. dead II (d ε). Synon. i ndiaid, occasionally also i ndáil ( i ndegaid catha, Acall. 3440 = i ndáil catha, TTr. 1841 ). dol i nd.¤ like dol i ndiaid: dula dó i nd.¤ in tsluaig SR 3998 . foruirecht...cen dul i nd.¤ Dauid, 6042 . Laws ii 64. 6 . ac dul a nd.¤ catha to go to the battle Acall. 3440 . — ragatsa...inbar nd.¤ , BDD § 12 Eg. tiagait i nd.¤ Diarmada co Teamraig, SG 67. 20 . Snedg. u. Mac R 31. 23 . Laws i 220. 19 . to follow with a hostile intention, pursue. Transl. Lat. insequi: doluid in sindach slán fón caillid ┐ slóg Laigen etir echu ┐ chona inna d.¤ equitibus insequentibus Lat. Lives 85. 15 . Acall. 2817 (= ar slichtlorg, 2777 ). Todd Nenn. 48. 1 .—tic i nd.¤ comes for; also comes in pursuit of. in ned tic ... i nd.¤ a tairb, LL 174 b 11 = CRR 30. 7 . Laws i 104. 15 . doriachtadar...go Róim a nd.¤ Grigair, ZCP viii 115. 15 . TBC-LL¹ 2187 Y. TFrag. 166. 7 ; 172. 21 .—fugiat post Iesum .i. i nd.¤ nÍsu, Tur. 74 .—lingid i nd.¤ jumps after: lingidsom i ndedaig a nónbair, TBC-LL¹ 400 Y. roling sí...ina dh.¤ , BS § 41 .—foceird i nd.¤ throws after: focheirt...in sleig i ndegaig Firbáith, TBC-LL¹ 1558 Y.—Further in ellipt. sentences: fis i nd.¤ mo vii mac send for my seven sons FDG 340 .

(d) beith i nd.¤ to follow or come after , loc. and tempor. Cf. beith i ndiad, dead II (d ζ). `quoniam &c.' do buith i nd.¤ cech ferso, Ml. 138 c 18 . atá lá i nd.¤ alaili, LU 130 a 37 ( TE § 12 ). cid in dirram slóig ... rofail itegaid, LL 174 b 28 . an giolla baoi na dh.¤ , TFrag. 224. 2 . to be born from, descend from: ní ḟuil daṁ at dh.¤ si gan xx ben, BS 78. 2 f.b. to be in charge of (cattle): in comlín bias ina nd.¤ , Laws iv 156. 25 . Also to pursue , RC xvi 407. 5 .

(e) inár ndegaid as a term of reference below, farther on, hereafter = inár ndiad, v. dead II (d δ). mar adéram nár nd.¤ , Laws i 140. 14 . in biad so adérum inár ndedhaigh, ib. ii 234. 12 .

(f) in an idiom. sense after , referring to a departed person. Synon. i ndiaid, v. dead II d θ. Ísu dofuair bás ┐ atát na haspail ac canamain an ciúil so ana degaid, 3 B 22, 67 a 10 . mór ṁban dagéna uch ach i nd.¤ na rouallach, TFerbe 617 . is bethu imaudu [mo bethu] i ndeadaig mo chon, TBC-LL¹ 533 Y. budh henar dhuinn na nd.¤ , Rel. Celt. i 129 . —Cf. also: lelgadar eich Chonchulaind in núr corrice na clocha i ndegaid ind ḟeuir, TBC-LL¹ 249 Y.

díáirmide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díáirmide or dil.ie/15909

Forms: diár- mithi

adj (áirmide)

(a) innumerable, countless: diár- mithi gl. plures, Wb. 3a4 . atchiat na heriu tromma díarmidi the heavy, countless loads, RC ix 484 . maīne diairmithi, YBL 156a1 . dona adamraibh diairmidib, Ériu ii 104 . is diairmhiti a gneithe, Auraic. 3776 . dírmandai diairmide, Alex. 306 . popul diáirmide, PH 1724 . is immda ┐ is diairmite . . . immat in tsloig, 6207 . frem[a] diairmidthi, ZCP xiv 16 . ár díáirmithe leiss forru an innumerable body of them slaughtered by him, SG 50.20 . batar diairmidhe re n-airdmes, CCath. 5653 . shochaidheadh ndíoáirmhighthe, TSh. 674 . Adv. ro marbait co diairmiti and, Cog. 14.y . In undistributed sense: as adbul ┐ is diairmidi failti muintiri nime, Snedg. u. Mac R 38.3 .

(b) As subst. vast number; undefined number: co sostaib slanaib sidib | diarmidi do hilmilib, SR 388 . díarmide daigrech dín | drong daigrech na Filistín | tricha mile cairptech cath | is sé mili fer n-armach, 5593 . cenmota diairmithi do ḟeraib leigind, Lec. 436b22 . an uile diarmidhi eter daeine ┐ echu that countless sum of men and horses, BColm. 102 . oirdnis coecait for tri cetaib epscop . . . ┐ araile diáirmidhe do ṡaccartaib, Anecd. iii 36 . icait . . . secht cumala o cach fir co diairmithi, Laws iii 116 . is do díármidhib na togla an romarb T. dona Grecaib, TTr.² 1482 .

1 do-alla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-alla or dil.ie/17178
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: do-ella, tallaid, tellaid, tellad

Also do-ella (* to-ell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 511 . See GOI pp. 54 - 55 ). Used in O.Ir. to supply perfective tenses of gataid steals, see GOI § 764 . Later as simple vb. tallaid, tellaid. IGT Verbs § 32 . Vn. tellad.

Takes away, steals, strips away, cuts off: gl. furari, Wb. 22b7 , Lat. Lives 30 , 54 , 79 . tallsad .i. doghoidsead, teallsadar .i. doghoidsiod, O'Cl. ma dudell ní if he has stolen aught, Wb. 22b7 (refers to furetur). do-fallta daim indara fir were taken away, ZCP xv 308 § 3 . tallsat triar indala bocc . . . in trír dusfell, Lat. Lives 54 = Trip.² 2117 . dofall G. minn óir mná Catháir, RC xv 482 = Dinds. 40 . fer rotháid is rothall, Metr. Dinds. ii 58 . téllsat echu Pátraic, Trip.² 1231 . teallsatar macdretill Temrach sria(uo)na in righ, ZCP viii 103 . With AR, FOR: ní cumcaim-se ón ém, ol tell Patraic ariut since P. hath taken it from thee, Trip.² 1920 . ? doloidsidi a arm nairi, TBC-I¹ 1600 (dolodside, LU) (for tallaid? cf. tallaidsidhe, TBC(C) 904 ). Mac Con doall a righe aire, Fianaig. 32 . mé [ro-]thall nemh ar mo chloinn (spoken by Eve), Ériu iii 148 . taldatsom a apdaine aire, Mon. Tall. 162 . doallad brethemnais ar filedhaib, Laws i 18 . inn talladh for nech a scrap taken from anyone (?), Laws iii 20.2 Comm. With DE: tiag-sa co tall a chenn dind aithiuch I will go to take his head off the churl, Ml. 58c6 . nico-tald-som dēr dia gruad `he did not stay to wipe the tear from his cheek', Mon. Tall. 153 . tall Patraic a ulchai do Fiac, Hy. ii Pref. ( Thes. ii 308 ). an bic co tall mo léni dím, LL 277a19 . tallus luag mo dúane de, Metr. Dinds. i 52 . donallathar fena do largaib cars are removed from the flanks of horses, O'Curry 737 ( H 3.18 353a ). With Ó: da-s-all úad Paris mac Priaim stole her (Helen) from him, LL 143b50 . na feranna . . . dofallsat na saerclanna uaib, BB 255a30 = tallsadar uaithib, Lec. 354b10 . With ASS: ef tallad as ria n-ess `f' was taken from (the word `fenechas') for `s' (i.e. s was substituted for f), Laws i 32.28 Comm. (= CIH ii 345.12 ). mas asinn uth tallad in lacht, is cetharda ┐ eneclann, CIH i 275.30 . gid im gid lom tailtar and, acht mas [as]in ud taladh æ [is cetharda] ┐ eneclainni; mas 'tic taladh æ is diabladh ┐ eneclann 'whether it be butter or milk which is stolen there, but if it was stolen in the udder [it is fourfold restitution] and honour-price; if it was stolen in the house it is double restitution and honour-price', Mar. Dis. 28 § 5 . dofall in claideb as a thrúaill, Ériu ii 24 . gó ┐ pecad na ndaene dorelsat a nert asin talmain, Anecd. i 75 = dorelacht, Mon. Tall. 157 . adbél-sa dia taltar in gáe as mo chind, TBC-I¹ 1300 .

do-alla céill (a ch.) de loses hope, despairs of (cf. benaid céill de): huand uair thall Noe a cheill [de] | dond ḟiuc[h] dub delaidi, SR 2557 . ó thellus mo chéll dia torachtain chugum, Aen. 622 . tallsat a céill do conach catha, CCath. 1905 . riasíu tallsadais (sic) céill dia ccabhair ó Rígh na S., Hugh Roe 266 .

do-luigi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-luigi or dil.ie/18051

Forms: dilich, dílgid, dulugai, do-d-lugi, dulogae, dilga, dulogaid, conderlaig[e, d-a-rolgea, d-a-rolged, nderliged, d-a-lugub-sa, duluichfea, dulugfa, d-a-loig, durolgis-siu, dorolaig, -derlaig, duluigte[r, doloigdis, duloigther, nderlaigthe, dílgibther, do-logfaitis, durolged, dorolgetha, derlaichta, dílgud, díolgadh, díloghadh, dodilgfitis

v (* di-luig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 572 ). Ipv. 2 s. dilich (?), Wb. 32a19 . 2 pl. dílgid, 14d21 . Indic. pres. 3 s. dulugai, Ml. 51a15 . do-d-lugi, Wb. 14a25 . Subj. pres. 2 s. dulogae, Ml. 138b7 . 3 s. mani dilga , 46c15 . 2 pl. dulogaid, 65a10 . With -ro-: 2 s. conderlaig[e, 21b7 . 3 s. d-a-rolgea, Wb. 31a2 . 2 pl. d-a-rolged (= -rolgid), 18a11 . Impf. 3 s. co nderliged , 32d12 . Fut. 1 s. d-a-lugub-sa, Wb. 14d24 . 3 s. duluichfea, Ml. 128c6 . dulugfa, 58c18 . Pret. 3 s. d-a-loig, Trip.² 2340 . Perf. 2 s. durolgis-siu, Ml. 124d9 . 3 s. dorolaig, 49c9 . -derlaig, Laws i 12.5 . Pass. pres. pl. duluigte[r, Ml. 32c15 . Impf. pl. doloigdis, Hib. Min. 206 . Subj. s. duloigther, Ml. 58d2 . Impf. s. ara nderlaigthe , 32c17 . Fut. s. ní dílgibther , Wb. 33b8 . Cond. pl. do-logfaitis, Fél.² ciii 4 . Perf. durolged, Wb. 3b12 , Ml. 124a2 . pl. dorolgetha, Wb. 26c11 . ni derlaichta , 33b8 . Vn. dílgud. díolgadh, IGT Verbs § 83 . díloghadh, § 118 .

Forgives, remits , with accus. of thing and generally DO of pers. gl. condonare, Ml. 71b22 ; donare (forgive), Wb. 14d24 , 18a11 ; ignoscere, Ml. 49c10 , 124d9 , 128c6 ; remittere, 51a15 , 58d2 , 136b2 . aní doluigim-se airib-si is Críst dodlugi lim, Wb. 14d25 . ní dilgaid a n-ancride dogníther frib, 9c22 . dulugfa Dia dam mu pecthu, Ml. 58c18 . gatis cethrur echu Pátraic. Daloig P. P. forgave it (the theft), Trip.² 2340 . dilig dam cach cin romthē, SR 7791 . dilgiter dam mo chinaid, 7808 . dia mbad athirge dognéth, . . . dodilgfitis dó . . . a chinta, 1411 (pass.). rodilga Dia don fraic ina nderna do dichmairc, Anecd. ii 31.z . is ar déircc logthar ┐ díluigther doib-sium a pecthai, PH 5893 . int shúalaig triasa dílgaither a n-uile pecctha dona dáinib, 5899 . cech olc dogné nech . . . dollogfaither tria aithrige, 6432 . dilaigfider dō a c[h]inaid, ZCP xiii 177.30 . ail dún co rodilgaithe triut ar tarmthecht, Ériu i 122.7 . rodilgad ┐ rologad a pecctha do Maire Magdállai, PH 5900 .

Remits, excuses (a duty, etc.): sailm aurnaigti dolluigter eidi etir di notlaic, Mon. Tall. § 30 . doluigti troscad dóib they used to be excused from fasting, § 48 . Cf. Ml. 30d3 : nadn-dilga (gl. reddere quod debetur singulis, non mutare).

See dílgaigid.

1 ech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ech or dil.ie/19508
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: t-ech, eich, eich, eich, eith, ech, eoch, each, eich, hich, heich, eit, eochu, ech, eochu, eocho, eocha, echu, ech, echaib, eachaibh, eochaiph, ech, eich, echtaitiu, ecthaighe

n o, m. n s. in t-ech , Metr. Dinds. iii 454 . v s. a eich , TTebe 3494 . g s. ind eich , Metr. Dinds. iii 456 . eich, FB 69 etc. eith, IGT Decl. p. 115 n. 15 , 116 n. 19 . (g s. ech, Aen. 446 etc. is probably only a spelling variant). d s. eoch FB 31 . LL 47b10 . each, YBL 8a4 . n p. ind eich , ZCP viii 106.23 . ind hich , Ériu vi 134.21 . na heich , 135.49 . TBC-LL¹ 1246 . eit, Lec. 376a15 , 22 = Leb. Cert. p. 74 , 76 . eochu Lism. L. 562 . g p. ech, Ml. 16b12 . 43d1 . IT i 125.14 etc. a p. eochu, TBC-LL¹ 1244 . FB 39 . (as n p. Lism. L. 562 ). eocho, TBC-LL¹ 1134 . TBC-I¹ 700. TTebe 1382 . eocha (v.l. echu ) Trip. 144.10 . ZCP viii 106.25 . TTebe 1083 etc. ech, Triads 236 . d p. echaib, TBC-LL¹ 1344 . Metr. Dinds. iii 454 . eachaibh (: beathaidh), TD 25.25 . eochaiph, BNnÉ 239 § 169 . a du. dá ech , FB 45 . ZCP viii 106.20 . See IGT, Decl. § 171 .

A horse (incl. mare or gelding) genly. of chariot or saddle-horse, dist. from capall: iomad capall, beaccan d'eachaibh, AFM iii 558.2 . The common use of the fem. pron. with ech in certain contexts implies that mares were preferred for riding or driving (but see CMCS xxiii 89 ); the masc. decl. of the word is however always retained. ainm fuasnada... ech the name of a perturbation of horses (ref. to fremitus = `neighing') Ml. 16b12 . cēt n-ech srianach, IT i 125.14 . eich uaibhreacha, TSh. 5963 . ni madriadsam ar n-echa we had better never have tamed our steeds Triads 236 . nach ech riadar isin domnach is ech tened bís hi ngabul a marcaig a n-iffirn, Ériu ii 194 . in t-ech boi fona carpat RC xii 346.24 . na dá ech filet fón charput, FB 45 . léic na eocho ar férgeilt, TBC-LL¹ 1134 . ar eoch ard on a high steed RC xx 10 § 7 = LL 47b10 . ic dul ar a ech mounting his horse Cog. 144.15 . dochuaidh ar a each ar fud sráide an longphuirt rode his horse Keat. iii 3128 . do ling...ar a each, 3227 . éirghidh ar bhar n-eachaibh, 3228 . each fae a horse under him Laws ii 154.18 Comm. LL 303a31 . má tá...gur chuiris srian | rem each... | cia an neach dar dolta ar a druim | dá socra each gan udhuim, Timth. 1917 VII iii 43 . eich dá ngníomh `exercising of steeds' TD 11.20 . eich...ag dol i gcoimhling, 11.12 . muilenn im-tai ech, O'Mulc. 816 . Interchanging with gerrán : fúacrais Ercoil comlond dó féin ┐ dá eoch forro...marbais gerran Ercoil ech Loegairi, FB 69 . indara hech ..ocus sē lugaid...in t-ech aile ocus sé casmongach TBC-I¹ 1975 . With fem. pron.: tainic each Colmáin...go M...┐ do chuir fona carpat féin í, BNnÉ 239 § 69 . is isi an t-ech oirdherc, B IV 2, 95a = O'Gr. Cat. 488 . ba suaichnich am egcosc inn eich sin .i. gabair gormglasa...is cuma conriadad si muir ┐ tir, TTebe 2282 . co tuiced int ech a n-ebairt-sium ria ┐ ro an ris ┐ dochuaid-sium fuirri 3498 . D. do mharbhadh dia eoch fein ag cor crú fuirre AFM iv 900.8 .

Attrib. gen.: tána eich , LL 295b35 = SG 361.24 .

In O'Dav. 501 the correct reading is probably: in cullach eich (as in F) the stallion , cf. the compd. ech-cullach below.

Defined by follg. adj. or gen. subst.: ech aige `a race (?)- horse' (i.e. for chariot-racing?) Laws v 406.6 . luaithe ech aighe nem medon mīs míthime .i. comluath é ┐ int ech innṡaighther isin aenach a mī medhonach int samraid, Anecd. v 25. 7 . cf. ech fri aige, dam fri har, Laws i 122.10 . e.¤ bagáiste baggage-horse: dona hechaibh bagaisde, Rel. Celt. ii 198 (Bk. of Clan R.). e.¤ anríata an unbroken horse : LL 302a22 . e.¤ bretnach a British (Welsh) horse: ór derg tuarastul in trír | ra taeb ech mbretnach mblathmín, LL 49b6 . in t-ech bretnach (sufficient ransom for a life), Laws v 438.8 Comm. (cf. 220.22 ). MacCongl. 45.16 . AU 1029 = AFM ii 818 . e.¤ buada a winning horse: is ech buada dar mag reid | fer adcosnaid flaith Dé máir, LL 284b42 . conacatar marcach for each mbuadha, RC x 62 z . Lism. L. 2090 . e.¤ crainn wooden horse : Fiacha Figente ... is ē do-rōinde an each crainn ro-n-acht iarum a nĀenach Colmān, Corp. Gen. 230 (152a10 n. a-a) ​= qui fecit equm ligneum​​​​. e.¤ crannda wooden horse : i mbroind in ech cranda, Aen. 446 . e.¤ díla a charger (?) see díl. e.¤ gerr `gelding' BColm. 88.9 ; 90.16 . e.¤ imchair a saddle-horse, riding-horse: m'each iomchuir ag triall ré tal | dob ionchuir srian dá seoladh (sic leg.) Timth. 1917, VII iii 43 . Contrasted with e.¤ díla: an t-each díola nach díol damh | 's an t-each iomchair gan iomchar (sic leg.) Tribes of Irel. 48 . e.¤ immrimme `a riding steed' Laws iv 308.22 (opp. to capul fognuma) ii 160.19 . Cf. i n-imrim do eich .i. sliastai, i 168.11 . each fae i n-aimsir imrime, ii 154.18 . e.¤ riata a broken-in or trained horse FB 31 . .l. each riata la C. fri har ┐ trebad in talman, Fél.² lxi (Mar. 5) tri heich duba daigriata, Lec. 378da 22 = Leb. Cert. 160 . Cf. riagh éineich san bfaithchi, one of the services which Lugh offers to perform at Tara, Ridgeway Essays 326 § 32 , see note. e.¤ sliasta riding-horse Laws iv 322.8 . i 168.11 . e.¤ uisci a water-horse (a goblin): ech usci robói isind loch, Triads 236 . RC xii 346 , 348 . e.¤ uiscide: eich uscide, Alex. 679 (usci BB) crocodiles (?).

COMPDS.

ech-adba? in carbad fuil i n-eachadhbadhaib na n-ech sin, ZCP viii 549.29 (= TBC-LL¹ 1815 v.l.).

¤adbul mighty in horses: i nhErind hechadbail, ZCP viii 270.12 .

¤ba: see echba.

¤bachlach horse-boy, groom (?): n p.; nícon bia acht eachbachlaich uait (a malediction), Ériu viii 157.33 .

¤bán white of steeds, having white steeds: cétrí Herenn echbáne, LL 127a39 (= MacCarthy 150 ).

¤bél horse-mouth, horse-lipped , as npr. or epithet: Echbēl mac Dedad, ScM. 7 . Echde Echbél, ZCP ix 191.1 (= Ériu ii 32 ). co Eochu Echbél, RC xxvi 8 = LL 186a13 . cland Echach Echbeóil, LL 138a37 (see Thurn., Heldensage 443 ). Dinds. 53 . Erge Echbél, ZCP viii 326.5 .

¤breth horse-judgement: i n-echbrethaib Áine, O'Dav. § 813 . ¤buide having yellow steeds: Iubdán mac Abdaein echbuide, SG i 249.25 . ¤cairptech : a crích Umaill echcairpdig, LL iii 20469 . ¤cenn: horse-headed: Eochaid Eachcend, BB 44b31 . ¤cullach stallion: im echccullach for eochu .i. i naimsir echmarta, Laws i 144.4 . ¤cummascda centaur, horse-mongrel: popul torathardha na Centauri ┐. na nEchcumusccda .i. each ┐ duine a cummascc aenpersainne inntip, CCath. 3839 (possibly na n-ech c., and not a compd.). ¤dian of swift steeds: g s m. m. Ailill echdéin, RC xx 140 . ? ¤díle ? bíastai granni dracondai cucund dofutitis | tréna a n-amainsi echdíli cíadcutís, LU 114b17 (Siaburch. om. Anecd. iii 54 - 5 ). ¤dillat horsecloth: marcach for each...eachdillat maith cumtachta foa suidhiu, RC x 62 z . eochdillat, Aen. 2112 . ¤donn having brown steeds: a secht Chind Ḟáelad echduind, LL iii 15296 . ¤flesc rod, horsewhip (cf. 1 echlasc): dobert béim dind echfleisc dó, SCC 8 . ech a cengal die echfleisc, RC xiii 7.14 . pn ¤lúath mounted on, or possessing swift steeds: as epithet: Conall Echlúath, Cóir Anm. 163 . Rawl. 145d38 . ¤mairc: see echthres s.v. ech. ¤mairt covering a mare: doluid [in cullach]...co mbói eter scuru Enna Aignig do saigid echmarta, Dinds. 107 . i n-aimsir echmarta, Laws i 144.5 Comm. ¤míne tameness of steeds: rob iarla co n-echmine possessing tame steeds (?) BB 59a6 . ¤mór great in steeds, rich in steeds: flathius Mael Sechnaill echmóir, Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 46 = LL 185a49 . ¤raite horse-road: doronad fri echraite mendoto a medon, EIF 538 § 1 . ¤réid: see eichréid. ? ¤réim (¤dréim) horse-riding (mounting horses ?): echréim (MS. echdreim) ┐ cor cloiche, Celtica viii 142.18, cf. 149 . ¤rúad having ruddy steeds: dá degmac Ebir echrúaid, LL i 299 . ¤rúathar: aimsir echruathair (one of the seasons in which roads are cleansed), Corm. Y 1082 ; as npr. m.: Echrúathar, BDD 117 . ¤semmar a plant name, horse-clover: maculta treisfolium (maculatum trifolium?) .i. in eachṡemar, RC ix 237 . echṡemmar, LB 101 m. inf. corona regia .i. an eachṡeamar 23 K 42, 415 = Academy 1896, 406b . g s. eachṡeimri, Med. MS . ¤srian bridle: coīcait n-echsrian, ZCP viii 310.22 . Laws iv 326.11 , 328.9 . ¤tháid horse-thief: ní ria a enech...ar echu echthadat he shall not sell his honour for the steeds of a horse-thief ZCP xi 86 § 43 . co luga echthádat, Tec. Corm. § 27.15 . im loingsechaibh ┐ im echtadait ┐ im macu tiri, Laws i 160.2 Comm. echtaitiu (a p.) iii 22.18 Comm. n p. echtáide (sic leg.) Laws ii 270.5 , ZCP xx 480 . ecthaighe, ii 270.5 Comm. ¤thress a horse-contest, horse-race: tucait...dá ech... i n-ech-thress curad, Metr. Dinds. iv 126 . bla each echtres ....i. slan dona hechaib in tres echda doniat eturru budein `horse-fight' Laws iii 294.15 . co ndernad óenuch ┐ echtressa leo ann, IT i 128.15 (corresp. to: ic gním óenaig ech-thressa, Metr. Dinds. iii 350 ). oegidacht Úa nDrona de | ocus ech-thress Ossairge (proverbial expressions?), Metr. Dinds. iii 22 . Dinds. 18 . echtres Ratha Line, BB 268a24 (= echrais, Leb. Cert. 22 ). Cf. echtres .i. echmairc, O'Dav. 805 .

2 elba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 elba or dil.ie/19931

n chattels, goods (?): marbais a mbuar... ┐ a n-echu... ┐ conaitcheadar imarchor a n-elba uad ┐ dorad doib each, RC xvi 151.23 = atbertadar fris nad bai aca cumang do imachur in ealma ellaig bai oga gen chaiplai, Folklore iv 474 = SG ii 484.15 (in Metr. Dinds. iv 64.99 the corresponding word is crod). deillich a n-ech leu iar cur a n-elba de, RC xvi 151.27 (= a ndelma, BB 396a 16 ).

1 for

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 for or dil.ie/23272
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: for, far, bar, fuir, AR, FOR, AR, forsa, fora, fara, forsin[d], forsa, forsna, farsin, barsin, barsan, forin[d], forna, fornaib, forsn, forin, forna, formu, form, fort, fort, bard, fora, forar, forar, f., forar, f., form, fórm, formsa, fórmsa, forom, foromm, forumsa, foromsa, forum, ḟorum, orum, orum, orumsa, formm, ormm, fort, ort, fortsu, foir, fair, ḟair, foirsom, foirsem, fairseom, fairsem, foir, for, foir, fair, ḟair, ḟairside, faride, forrae, furri, ḟurthi, uirre, fuiri, furi, fuiri, furri, fuirri, fora, forra, fuirri, fuirre, uirre, fornn, fornd, ornn, fornni, forunni, forni, forund, forond, foirn, foirnn, foirnd, oirn, oirnd, foraindi, foraind, forainde, oraind, orainne, forn, forinn, orainde, foirib, forib, fuirib, furib, fuiribsi, furibsi, foraib, foraibh, foraibse, foirb, foirbsi, oraib, forru, forrusom, forro, forra, orru, forthu, fortho, forta, forib, foraib, forib, foraib, forroib, forru, forthu, foraib, for, ar, fair, air, AR, FOR, orat, orad, airiut, erut, AR, AR, f.

prep. with acc. and dat. See Thurn., Gr., and Fraser, ZCP viii 34 ff . Lenition of the obj. occurs once in the Glosses: for chenn, Ml. 44d29 , possibly a scribal error. Even in the modern period non-lenition is regular in some expressions after AR representing FOR, cf. the alliterations: feall ar filidh IGT, 24 P 8, 190.5 ; nā bí ar filidh go fortuil ib. (= Studies 1924, 245 ).

Forms: for (in Mid. Ir. MSS usually denoted by f surmounted by horizontal stroke) Glosses, pass. and later; occasionally far: Wb. 5b3 . Ml. 82d10 . Sg. 90b1 , 2 . Thes. ii 39.28 , 29 . TBC-LL¹ 3782 . LL 176a7 ( CRR 34 ), LL 268b20 ( MU² 860 ). bar, LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ). TBC-LL¹ 2820 . 3613 , etc. fuir, Thes. ii 39.22 .

In later MSS. gradually replaced by AR. This appears occasionally in LU, more frequently in LL. In Maund. FOR still appears though AR is commoner.

With rel. part. forsa n-, fora n-: fara n-: forsa taith, Wb. 20b6 . forsa robae, Ml. 82d10 . forsa n-airisedar, Sg. 139b1 . forsmbeth, SR 1364 . forstā, 1839 . forsnaicci, Imr. Brain § 38 . forsmbí, § 43 . forsmbīd, Metr. Dinds. ii 42.2 . fora sernte Wb. 18c8 . fora taibre, 29a23 . fora n-idparar, 5b6 . fora mboí, Tur. 60 . fora ṁbi, Thes. ii 41.27 . forá mbí ib. 17 . fora mbiat, LU 2639 . fora taí, SR 3096 . farsa n-immér TBC-LL¹ 5961 . barsa mbatar, 3738 . fara mbí, Thes. ii 40.32 .

See Strachan, ZCP iv 63 ; 488 - 9 .

With article: forsin[d], forsa (n-), forsna, etc., Wb. 1d2 , 9d5 , 32d2 ; Ml. 22c12 , 46c3 , 48a21 , 84d4 ; Sg. 8a13 , 207a6 ; LU pass. farsin, Trip.² 1948 , barsin, TBC-LL¹ 4553 . barsan 3387 . Without -s-: forin[d], Ml. 60b14 , 94b11 , 120d7 . forna Ml. 51d19 . 69a11 . 138a6 . fornaib, Wb. 5a5 . Ml. 27d22 . See Strachan l.c.

Rarely with elision in sg., as in: forsn uscisin, SR 4632 .

In Mid. Ir. MSS. maintenance of -s- is the rule, though it is occasionally dropped by some scribes, e.g. forin, PH 3594 . forna, LU 2552 (H). CCath. 2574 . Marco P. 64 .

With poss. pron. 1 s. formu naimtea, Ml. 86c10 . for mo namtea, 88a8 . for mu mud, Thes. ii 294 . for mo menmuin ZCP x 338 ( Laud 615, 104 ). for mo thir ┐ for mo thalam YBL 113b47 (= form ... form, LL 270b46 . for mo chuit ..., Rawl. 134a4 ). form ḟuil, SR 1542 . form thigerna, 3188 . form laim ┐ form gail, LL 121a12 . See KZ xlviii 55 . 2 s. fort athair, Trip.² 1759 (= fort ha., Trip. 150 ). fort cheniul, Trip.² 1760 . bard, TBC-LL¹ 3230 . 3 s. and pl. fora. 1 pl. forar ndail, SR 3633 forar morsluag, 3974 . (cf. fer ruc breith for fis ... | for ndís bámar i cumriuch, SR 3286 , where f. is possibly a contraction of forar). 2 pl. f.¤ far naimtib, TTr.² 1775 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. form, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 2a6 . 59a18 . 104d2 . SR 1584 . fórm, LU 5669 . formsa, LL 224a28 ( TTr. 513 ). fórmsa, LU 4507 . forom, SR 1404 . foromm, TBC-LL¹ 3752 . forumsa, Ml. 44b29 . 89a2 . TBC-LL¹ 3750 . LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 ). foromsa, LL 223by ( TTr. 488 ). forum, Acall. 3357 . ḟorum, LL 234a13 ( TTr. 1261 = orum, BB 426a47 ). orum, Acall. 304c . 6994 . orumsa, 7696 . formm, LB 8a52 . ormm, LB 246b55 ( PH 7807 ).

2 s. fort, Wb. 6a14 . 28d9 . SR 6258 . LU 4789 . 6252 . ort LU 6097 . fortsu, Ml. 113d11 . LU 6593 .

3 s., m. n., acc. foir, Wb. 4d15 . 28b30 . Tur. 85 . 110c0 . Ml. 2a6 . 41a5 . 53a19 . 54c16 . Sg. 209b12 . fair, Wb. 7c4 . LU 6299 . LL 227b30 ( TTr. 777 ). ḟair, LL 220b ( TTr. 262 ). PH. CCath. pass. foirsom, Wb. 8c1 . foirsem, Sg. 209b12 . fairseom, LU 6239 . fairsem, CCath. 1803 .

dat. foir, Wb. 6d6 . 10b9 . Tur. 123 . for (older form, GOI 275 ) LL 49b19 ( Hail Brigit § 4 ). YBL 12a10 (cf. foir Ériu ii 55 § 3 = i 138 where rime with tol is required). fair LU 2051. 7554 . LL 98a34 . 99a40 . Acall. 89 . ḟair, LL 224b5 ( TTr. 533 ). ḟairside, LL 235b13 ( TTr. 375 ). cf. faride TBC-LL¹ 5173 .

cf. acc. forrae, Tur. 79 . furri, Acall. 6437 . furri, LL 224b39 ( TTr. 556 ). ḟurthi, LL 230a41 ( TTr. 968 ). uirre, Acall. 1253 .

dat. fuiri, Wb. 3d34 . Sg. 4b9 . Ml. 95b6 . furi, 45c9 . 118d6 . fuiri sidi, Sg. 199a5 . furri, LU 3918. 4512 . 7993 . LL 218a32 ; 221b19 ( TTr. 90 ; 323 ). LL 66a39 . LB 7a40 . fuirri, LU 4517 , SR 3108 . Marco P. 10 . fora (v.l. forra, fuirri), Imr. Brain § 3 . fuirre, Marco P. 12 . uirre, CCath. 1947 .

1 pl. fornn, Wb. 2a13 . 8d18 . 30b2 . Ml. 46b26 . 119d6 . fornd LU 3254 . 5220 . 6780 . 9244 . ornn, PH 6865 . fornni, Wb. 14b15 . Ml. 77c6 . 88a4 . 90d17 . forunni, 111c13 . forni, LU 1674. 8554 . forund, TBC-LL¹ 2974 . forond, LU 8620 . foirn, TBC-LL¹ 617 . PH 2060 . 7848 . foirnn, 1502 . foirnd, CCath. 648 . oirn, PH 6863 . oirnd, 8063 . CCath. 652 . foraindi, TBC-I¹ 3578 . LB 162a62 . foraind, Acall. 4867. 6165 . forainde, LB 34b56 . 162a53 . oraind, Acall. 2996 . CCath. 1679 . orainne (v.l. forn. forinn) 1659 . orainde, Acall. 5074. 7655 .

2 pl. foirib, Wb. 14c40 . 21d5 . Ml. 46a14 . forib, Wb. 6a17 ( ZCP xvii 223 ), 27c11 . fuirib, 14d17 . 20b2 . furib, Ml. 115b8 . fuiribsi, Wb. 7a4 . furibsi, 18a18 . foraib, Trip.² 1589 . LU 7233. 7755 . LL 239a15 . CCath. 3569 . foraibh, 610 . foraibse, TTr.² 119 . foirb, SR 5534 . Trip.² 1651 . foirbsi, SR 3116 . oraib, Acall. 7539 , YBL 376b42 ( Aithd. D. p. 158 ).

3 pl. acc. forru, Wb. 1d3 . 10c5 . 28c3 . Ml. 53d13 . 73b17 . 127b6 . LU 4784 . 5309 . LL 66b10 . 241b88 ( TTr. 1859 ). CCath. 3738 (Fr.). ḟorru, LL 223d27 ; 242b2 ( TTr. 438 ; 1908 ). forrusom, Wb. 9c10 . forro, LU 5796 (M). 5836 (H). Acall. 5317 . 7117 . CCath. 1237 (S) (in dat. meaning Acall. 2458 . 3501 . 3745 . LL 223b21 ). forra, CCath. 1640 (H). 3754 (Fr.). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). orra, CCath. 1237 . 1488 . orru, Acall. 3299 . forthu, SR 3942 . fortho, LU 2556 (H). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). fortu, forta, 1488 (v.l.).

dat. forib, Wb. 4d2 . 29b20 . foraib, Ml. 121a5 .

dat. for acc. forib, Wb. 28c4 . foraib, 4c35 . Ml. 49b6 . 54a4 . 54b30 . 90a25 . 118d19 . forroib, LU .5608 .

Cf. fortus.

In Mid.Ir. MSS forru (forro, forthu, etc.) and foraib are often found without distinction of case. In the Laud-Lismore text of Acall. pretonic for is very rare; it is regularly replaced by ar. But with suff. pron. 3 s. m. n. fair is predominant; there are very few instances of air. In the other pronominal forms those with and without f- seem to share the field equally.

In classical verse the pretonic form is AR, but the pronominal forms are regularly those of FOR without f. an exception is orat, orad (beside ort). Cf. O. Ir. airiut, erut from AR. See 24 P 8 (McKenna, Tracts).

Synopsis of meanings:

I Of local relations:

(a) on, upon , expressing both contact and relative position ( over, above ) also of mere external contact or position.

(b) of approximate position juxtaposition. on, at, by .

(c) in sense upheld, supported by; being worn or carried by .

(d) after verbs of placing, hoisting, over, up .

(e) of things attached to or forming part of the body, etc.

(f) in, amongst; forming a portion of .

(g) with acc. after verb or verbal noun implying motion on, over, to, towards .

II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig. expressions:

(a) of form, appearance, hue, etc.

(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classification, naming .

(c) of point of time; coincidence of occurrence .

(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known, recognized, etc.).

(e) with words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. , indicating the possessor of these.

(f) over, of rule, sway, superior might .

(g) upon, in addition to; in succession to, after .

(h) on i.e. affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or mental states or conditions).

(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.

(j) (existing) on, by means of (a food, diet); relying on; depending on .

(k) with abstr. or verbal noun, also with adj. in (a state or condition).

(l) at (an occupation or task).

(m) to express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely affected by the action.

(n) expressing constraint, compulsion: ata f.¤ is incumbent on; owing from (see 1 fíach).

(o) expressing worth, value .

(p) phrases.

(q) after adj.

III In verbal construction.

IV Replacing AR.

I Of local relations: on, upon , expressing both contact and relative position ( over, above ); also of mere external contact or position.

(a) on, over, above: buith f.¤ ochtrach, Ml. 129c2 . a mbís f.¤ altoir ind idil, Wb. 10a6 . ind altóir fora n-idparar, 5b6 . cen chaille f.¤ a ciunn (gl. non uelato capite) Wb. 11c9 . den chamull fora mbói, Tur. 60 . Conall ... forsin Deirg mounted on LL 122a34 . bretha ind óic ... f.¤ fúataib immach were carried out on biers LU 1595 . contuletsom f.¤ a ndergodaib 1829 . suidfid ... f.¤ a chathair, 2319 . luid ... co raba f.¤ a úaitni, 1723 . is fota a chubat f.¤ lár his measurement is long (when he is stretched) on the ground 1605 . fochartatar grith imme co mbátar f.¤ lár in tige, 7560 ( BDD 109 ). See also s.v. lár. Often = in: co mboí f.¤ medon ind lis, LU 1608 . cach óen creitfes ... f.¤ nim ní bá tróg, LU 9495 . cid f.¤ tír cid f.¤ usci cid f.¤ fidchill cotrisam whether it be on land or on water we contend, or over a chessboard 1674 . dia ḟagbáil i fid no i fidbaid, f.¤ tír no usci, LL 220ax ( TTr. 237 = ar muir na ar tir, BB 414a37 ). co forcongrad lais ... | na beth f.¤ crích n Israhél, SR 6216 (cf. atat cinedhaigh ar an fásach sin dianad ainm B., Maund. 49 ). co ra churet cath forsinn [ḟ]aithchi sin co torsed fuil formna fer furri, LL 221b18 ( TTr. 323 ). Cf. coro airet ... lá n-air ar inn [ḟ]aigthisea, LL 221b15 ( TTr. 320 = ... isin f.¤ , BB 415a23 ). atchiu fer ... for sin maig, LU 4564 . cid fó cid for ... beme whether we be above or beneath YBL 12a10 . in fú talam no f.¤ talam?, Trip.² 1118 . iarna bádhadh forsan abhainn `after she had been drowned in the river' Cóir Anm. 255 . ind uisci f.¤ ind nim anúas (gl. super caelum) Ml. 120d7 . domarfás and ... mothur ... ḟairside anúas, LL 235b14 ( TTr. 1375 ). cíid f.¤ in mac weeps over the child ZCP viii 311.14 . ro chí f.¤ a muime, Trip.² 115 . No chanta ór fírindi fair used to be chanted over him BDD 11 . banchuiri f.¤ colaind Fraích, LU 5236 . a fuini f.¤ grís to bake it on the embers SR 3903 . a scéith f.¤ a cennaib dia sáerad, LU 5888 . f.¤ bith, f.¤ domun, f.¤ talmain, freq. in sense above ground, anywhere on earth, in existence: in dia as dech f.¤ bith buan, SR 3973 . in t-én as luaithiu luamain f.¤ bith, LU 2477 (cf. ní boí isin bith ..., 3377 ). cenco beind acht óenlá f.¤ domun alive 5060 . ni raibi forsin domun ingen bid chaime ..., YBL 189b3 ( RC xxiv 198 ). (cf. ni fuil ní ar doman ina esbaid acht fín, Maund. 159 . ni fuighbither ... ar bith ná ar doman, CCath. 262 ). cech mil beo baí f.¤ talmain, SR 1930 . See also s.v. fot, 2 fúait, 2 ed.

Of wounds, bruises, etc. cned f.¤ corp, Laws ii 156.20 . facbait .l. cned fairseom, LU 4967 . co lín crechta f.¤ a chnis 4547 .

(b) Of approximate position, juxtaposition, on, at, by: ... file cuimrecha formsa, Wb. 23a5 . ata árchú lemsa ..., tri slabrada fair, LU 5001 . buithe f.¤ dese Dé on God's right hand Ml. 128a3 . ani f.¤ laim deis `that on the right hand' [side] Thes. ii 255.8 . Fergus ... f.¤ láim Ailello isin phupull ... M. f.¤ a láim aili do Alill, LU 4619 . Cf. O. ar a láim clí, ┐ M. f.¤ a láimsein, ┐ E. ara láimhsein, Acall. 2256 . (but: bachla f.¤ láim, SR 3915 corresponds to tenentes baculos in manibus Exodus xii 11 . See lám). dún ..., dorus umaide fair, LU 1793 . batar ... da dorus forsin uaim, PH 6316 . dorus ... as nesu ille is fair ro sudiged M., LU 2084 . ra sudigit ... secht ṅdorais furri, LL 227a ( TTr. 737 ). conéracht Glaiss C. fríu ... féotár fuirri (.i. f.¤ a bru), LU 5363 . cath f.¤ brú Derguist, 224 . f.¤ brú puirt G., LL 219b marg. inf. ( TTr. 142 ). f.¤ a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml. 131b6 . form dreich sea facing me LU 3892 (see 1 drech). dofessid f.¤ gualaind C. seated himself beside C. 8076 (but in 5293 , 5294 , 5295 the literal meaning `on the shoulder' is probably intended). See 1 gúala. sléchtaid ... f.¤ díb traigthib ind noeb, Ériu ii 204.9 . Cf. is ar bordaibh cuirid iat they put them (sitting) at tables Maund. 39 . fon domun f.¤ cech leth (gl. longe lateque) Ml. 53b9 . tho ḟolt scailti ... f.¤ cach n-óenleth, SR 1602 . biait ar mná ... f.¤ bróntib at the querns (i.e. grinding corn, cf. II l) LU 5610 . nírb áelid dóib ar buí in slúag forro for cech leth, LU 1441 .

Cf. the fig. expressions: f.¤ belib (gl. in caritate non ficta) Wb. 15a37 . f.¤ bréthir (oppd. to in corde) 15d5 . indí forsa n-airisedar in gním (gl. in quem fit actus) Sg. 139b1 . is mithig forchenn fair, Ml. 118b6 .

Of pregnancy: in tan robtar lán a n-noí mís f.¤ Cormac when she had carried C. for nine months ZCP viii 310.31 . Cf. ba torrach f.¤ C. ib. 29 . See torrach. Possibly this use belongs rather to II.

(c) Freq. in sense upheld, supported by, also being worn (esp. of weapons, ornaments; IMM is regularly used of clothes) or carried by: Crist co crunn a cruche foir fesin (i.e. carrying it) Tur. 123 . acht robed arma Dae foirib, Wb. 22d15 . gaibid armma Dae foirib, 22d11 . día mbeth gaisced foraib if they carried arms LU 7296 ( BDD 94 ). fotalsceith foraib, LU 4491 . sciath f.¤ a chliu, LL 241b34 ( TTr. 1856 ). scíath ... f.¤ a muin, LU 10664 . claideb f.¤ a ṡliastaib, 9269 . claideb ...f.¤ a chris, 6561 . dulend f.¤ a bruinnib, 9267 . ticfat da dam ... ┐ tabraidsi in carpat foraib (= harness them to it) 3124 . ro inled a carpatt forna echu , Trip.² 2852 . ro loisc ... in cherdcha forro `set fire to the forge in which they were' (cf. II (m)) RC xxiv 194 ( YBL 188b ). f.¤ óenchoiss (standing) on one leg LU 6983 . atchiat insi ... f.¤ óenchois on a single pillar LU 1936 (cf. II j, 2).

(d) after vb. of placing, hoisting, over, up: focress a phupall f.¤ Ailill, LU 4618 . Claitir in fert fair, ZCP viii 560.33 . tuargabsat T. idnaid catha forru, LL 225a37 ( TTr. 552 ). toccbaid for mergedha foraibh, CCath. 610 . ro toccbait a fainbreiti siuil forta, 2870 . ra tocbait a eoin gaithi ... ḟurri `its vanes were uplifted' (of a ship) TTr. 140 ( LL 219a8 ). (fig.) tuárgabad fornn aire fochide, Wb. 14b22 .

Cf. la turcbail a mátan fair, LU 6560 , where the prep. evidently refers to the performer of the action. Similarly: tócbaid in derba fair ┐ dobeir bulli in [sic] cend na mná 4357 .

(e) Of things attached to, or forming part of a body, etc., as, parts of weapons; hair, limbs; leaves of trees, etc.: manais f.¤ crúnd midsing, LU 4491 . folt buidi furri 4512 . mong ... fair, 10795 . in folt ... ro asair furri 4231 . tri cruindberrtha foraib, 7139 . ni lugu bís finn fo a dernaind oldās fuirri anúas (of a hare), Bodl. Corm. s.v. pattu. a chend féin f.¤ ind ir út, LU 460 . cēt muinēl furri ┐ cét cend f.¤ cach muineol, 2430 . cét bass ... cét n-ingen f.¤ cach oenbaiss, 888 . .l. torc ... co cruib eich foraib = having the hooves of a horse Ériu xii 176.9 ( TE III 9 ). rethi co n-olaind ordai fair, LL 218a36 ( TTr. 93 ). lia nat luibi f.¤ maigaib, SR 935 . nach crann fors mbeth duilirath, 1364 . ásfaid ind oland forsnaib cairib, LL 291b26 ( RC xiii 462 . Cf. olann ... mar bis ar caerchaib ..., Maund. 181 ). di lus bís forsnaib caircib, Tur. 115 . lir ... fér f.¤ faichthi, LU 7233 ( BDD 89 ). lir ... dulli f.¤ fidbaid, LL 120b33 . Cf. dorigni cúach cera da gnúis ┐ da agid fair, LU 6453 . brisfed mo chend formsa, 5275 . co mmebaid a chend fair, 5300 where the prep. apparently imparts precision or emphasis, but cf. II (m). co tarla a di bond bána fair (= he became a corpse) LU 1497 ( MU² 987 ). a mbuind banai forra iarna trascrad RC xii 90 (see 1 bonn). Cf. techtaid delba ... fair, LU 2701 , cited II (a) below.

(f) In, amongst; forming a part of, mixed with: Colman diata Clann Colmáin f.¤ Feraib Li (i.e. belonging to F.L.) ZCP viii 293.31 (= a quo Cl.C. hi F.L., Rawl. 140a18 ). Mail D. a quo sil M.D. f.¤ Huib Echdach, Rawl. 140a21 = ZCP viii 294.4 . bátar Cristaidi forna cathaib sin diblínaib in both those battalions Marco P. 64 .

(g) With acc. After verb or vn. implying motion on, to, towards: intí do thuit foir, Wb. 4d15 . for a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml. 131b6 . dosfuit f.¤ lar, SR 1719 . techt f.¤ nem, Wb. 15c22 . lotair f.¤ muir, LU 1697 . amal no théigtis suas forin drochet, 1794 . dofutitis écne ... anúas f.¤ talmain, 1916 . berthair uaimse f.¤ altóir A., 1932 . ro díbairgsi certli forsin luiṅg, LL 221b46 ( TTr. 344 ). ní cían ro saig mu suil forsa muir not far doth mine eye reach over the sea Trip.² 1312 (114) . na taít f.¤ culu, Wb. 25c14 . in grían do thecht ... f.¤ culu, Ml. 61a13 (see cúl). cingid ... di cach biur f.¤ araili, LU 5733 . téit ara chend forsin taulaig, 5759 . saidsíus f.¤ medón na glassi, 4797 . timachtatár taris ... la crand f.¤ scíathu by (beating) shafts against shields 5828 . do theged fian ... do seilg fairsium, 6138 . benaim beimend ... f.¤ slóg, 6171 . Cf. nicon tetarraid béim ... fair, 5977 . ní lamar fuligud forrosom, 4960 . Also fig.: léim ... dind tinchosc ... f.¤ aisndiis di thuiste dúile, Wb. 5c16 . ni tāinig cride neich fair no one had pity on him RC xxiv 48 (see do-icc).

In late MSS. the dat. pl. is common here: guro tuitseat f.¤ fanglenntaibh na tiri, CCath. 866 .

Across, by way of: nachab ticfed for rí ... do imthecht foirib a doirsea, Ml. 46a14 . f.¤ sligi M. dochoidsi, LU 5788 . issed dollotar ... .i. f.¤ Muicc C. ... f.¤ Crond, hi Cualngi across Muicc C. ... across Crond, into Cualnge 4593 - 4608 . tiat A. ... f.¤ Midlúachrae. ragmaine ┐ F. f.¤ Bernas nU., 5396 . comergit ... ara ammus, araill dib f.¤ less, araill f.¤ doras liss 5017 . fócoislé f.¤ forlés in tige, 10910 (cf. con-acca in n-én forsin forléss a ddochum, BDD 7 ). co tánic a inchind f.¤ a chlúasa, LU 5286 . co ndeochaid f.¤ a béolo sair, 6026 . docoised ferchend fora beolu, 5919 . maidid a loim fola f.¤ a beolu LL 273az .

See also under the verbs of motion referred to in III below, and such words as leth, 1 lorg, 1 selg, slicht, etc.

In follg. ex. the meaning is not clear: ro túaslaicthe f.¤ aicned na ndūl dia ndernta, LU 2518 (`according to the nature' Stokes, RC xxv 237 ). Cf. ro tuaislaiced fo aicned na ndula `was resolved into the original nature of the elements' PH 6980 .

II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig. expressions:

(a) of form, appearance, hue, flavour: delb a bais som form, Wb. 24a8 . delb anmandae foraib, Ml. 130a3 . ecosc n-abstal forib, Wb. 24a25 . condarbastar gné fírinne fuiri Ml. 95b6 (cf. delb domárfas fair, LU 4576 ). atá comarde fuirib, Wb. 21a5 . (Cf. the lit.: bíth comardae f.¤ a mbudin LU 5540 ). techtaid delba ┐ gnei écsamla fair, LU 2701 , cf. I (e), end. is follus ... gné mbróin fairseom, 2279 . datha na flesc ... hed nobid forsna huanaib, SR 2964 . na treoit ┐ dath óir f.¤ a n-alaind, LL 218a45 ( TTr. 99 ). sruth ... co rath somailse foir, Ml. 89d3 . bieid rath somailse f.¤ a belru 89c15 . secip blas bá mellach ... fogebed fair, LU 1788 . tintud Septin ... is he fil forna psalmaib (= the psalms are translated from the Septuagint version) Hib. Min. 10.334 .

(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classification; naming: inna imthanad .i. fele [ = file] forsnaib ráthib, Ml. 93c7 . ataat .uii. ngne forsin chombug `the confraction is of seven kinds' Thes. ii 254.7 . oengles foraib huile, SR 92 . ataat deora erndaili forsin canoin, Hib. Min. 3.63 . atat cetri gnuse forsin canoin ib. 78 . cis lir rann fil f.¤ crū? Ériu i 214.12 . atat tri altai leusom f.¤ ind gabail (of singing the Canticles), Mon. Tall. § 33 (= atad dá mhodh ara n-abairthear íad, Rule of Tallaght 102 ). cia ord bias forru, LU 2575 . is diall femin file fair it is of the feminine declension Sg. 93b2 . doralsat óenclár catha foraib dia tobairt, LU 1478 ( MU² 955 ; `formed themselves into a solid phalanx' SGS v 30 ). daringsetar comraind slúaig forru, LL 224b30 ( TTr. 550 ). ni rabi cumsanad forsin chathugud sin ... the fighting did not cease LL 242a3 ( TTr. 1873 ). conach bui nach tairisimh f.¤ a n-urcoraib occo, CCath. 5660 . ro tṡeindestar C. a timpan ┐ tuc nuallorgan sidhe fuirri, Acall. 4620 . ro dercsat na moli ... for fogluasacht, ┐ ni facadar seoladh no iomramh fortó they saw the ... masses in movement yet they did not see them being sailed or rowed CCath. 2655 . Of names: nipa far n-ainmsi bias forib, Wb. 4d2 . da n-ainm fuirri, ZCP viii 106 § 5 . roboí ... oc iarraid a anma do bith forsin cnuc, LU 3150 . combad de sin nobeth Almu furri 3145 . Mane f.¤ cach fir díb ┐ forainm f.¤ cach Mani, 6847 . a ainm do bith forsin luing ┐ f.¤ a fairind, LL 219a30 ( TTr. 158 ). atá Dún tri liacc d'ainm fair, Acall. 1178 . See also s.v. for-tá.

(c) Of point of time; coincidence of occurrence: fēli ... do curither for dardain no mairt, Rule of Céli D. 9 ( LB 9b ). do toscelad aiss aesci far caisc `to ascertain the moon's age on Easter' Thes. ii 39.24 ; 27 . cid lae sechtmaine fora mbí Kl. Ian., Thes. ii 41.17 . calainn Enair for dardaín, ZCP viii 111.6 . Ann. Conn. 1226 , etc. Kl. enair for Domnuch ┐ xuiii furri New Year's day on a Sunday and the 18th of the moon on it [lit. her, calann, f.] Ann. Inisf. 43c (1206) = ALC i 234 . in la forsmbi bisex, Fél. 78.11 . ind naob asa feil bís for ind láo, Mon. Tall. § 8 (= sa feil do biodh ar an la sin, Rule of Tallaght 42 ). for cach ló every day CCath. 358 .

(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known, recognized, etc.): rēil f.¤ a mbrēthir ōn a n-andach imme ro[r]daisset `is clear from their word' Ml. 90d16 . is reil fornn ... condrancamar fria morolcc, SR 1347 . follus f.¤ th'erlabra fén do pheccad, PH 5169 . ni ro airigsium fort ... .i. f.¤ do gnímrad ... ailcius dula dochúm nime ocut, 8213 . is follus f.¤ suidhichthibh na Roma conad docra ... congbail in cadusa ina fogbail in ratha, CCath. 803 . Cf. ba follus a n-anádh [sic leg.] fein f.¤ na Romanchaib the ill-luck of the Romans was manifest 810 (cf. e). Cf. ba mor in galur di, dael oca diul ... ni fitir nech sin furri, Fél. 44.1 (possibly = she showed no sign of it, though also it might = no one knew she was so afflicted). Cf. also: ni fitir nech dib f.¤ araile a n-imchossait do B., LU 8251 . Cf. (m) last cit., and see 1 ráthaigid.

(e) With words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. indicating the possessor of these: is foraib bíaid búaid in tslóig, LU 4631 (`it is to their credit the victory of the hosts will be' Faraday, Cattleraid of C.). ní fair bías a nós nách a allud nach a irdarcus acht is fortso, LU 6376 (cf. is oraibsi bias a nós ┐ a allud ┐ a urdarcus, Acall. 3575 Fr; R). itát tri búada formsa .i. búaid roisc, etc. I have three talents, i.e. the talent of sight, etc. LU 4791 . rath fortsu ... ina lōg sin, 3114 . bátár teóra búada aradnachta forin n-araid in lá sin, 6407 (cf. buaid lamaig ort!, Acall. 4809 ). ba ferr leo a mudhughudh innas a somain f.¤ a naimdib `they preferred to destroy them than to benefit their enemies there with' CCath. 2484 . Cf. ni fil do chonāch formsa in fer sin im fiednaisi, 3576 (testem hunc fortuna negavit Luc. Phars. vi 159 ).

(f) over (of rule, sway; superior might): a cumacte f.¤ a mogaib, Wb. 27c16 . mu chumachtae forna doini, Ml. 56b2 . bit flathi f.¤ cāch, 85b2 . a cumachta f.¤ dúlib, LL 218b6 ( TTr. 106 ). doratsat rīgi ... | do Dauid ... | f.¤ túathaib, SR 6620 . i n-aimsir Cinaeda ... f.¤ Albain, 2350 . Temair ... cen rechtgi ríg furri, LU 3440 . mairg forsa mbía do thigernu demon, 2225 . ro gab tra nert Saxan f.¤ Bretnu ... ┐ rogab O. rige forru, 277 . bui rí amra f.¤ Érinn, BDD 1 . bai rí f.¤ Ultaib, YBL 114b6 . co raghbhaitis oénrig forru, TTr.² 1339 . (cf. rí ar gach tír, Maund. 243 . Eogan mac M. ... ar tsil nA., 6 . Magidoin ... is uirri sin da bí Alaxander na ríg 21 ). tussu ... do giallud forni, LU 1674 . ropada[t] trēn f.¤ ōcaib, 6720 . ni fríth fornert nacha fini foraib cosindiu `never until to-day did any tribe oppress you' TTr. 1645 ( LL 239a13 ).

(g) upon, in addition to (see do-formaig): fair anuas in addition to it Cáin Ad. 25 . cach ae f.¤ alaill (gl. cumularentur) Ml. 96b4 . cumal f.¤ a secht eight cumals Laws iv 330.8 ( Críth G. 464 ). óen f.¤ trí secht twenty-two Metr. Dinds. iii 98 . sé scripuil f.¤ unga an ounce and six scruples Cáin Ad. 44 . mis f.¤ bliadain a year and a month ACL iii 3.9 . ro marbhadh fer f.¤ a deich diobh, BNnÉ 107 § 25 . fer f.¤ leth Connacht `more than half the C.' Cóir Anm. 251 (cf. treab ar leth Alpan, IT ii2 123.32 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 ). tercda arro tuilled da forsin focul cert where `da' has been added to the right word LU 462 ( ACC 2 Comm. ). dobeir Dia traig cacha bliadna f.¤ a lethet adds a foot to its width LU 1843 . ind forcraid fil f.¤ aicniud what exceeds nature 2559 . a nduesta día aīs som co ndigsed f.¤ áes a maicc, Trip.² 1268 . Cf. da beind f.¤ tri fichtib rend, LU 1271 (`Two antlers with three score points' Imr. Brain ii 297 ).

forib nó sech na huili predicta (gl. super omnia autem haec) Colloss. iii 14 ) Wb. 27b20 .

From this use arises the sense in succession to, after , the development is plain in the earlier exx. quoted below: du fuairthed ní leu f.¤ a sāith din main = some of the manna used to remain over when they had had their fill Ml. 97d10 . a canar ... for sen `what is chanted ... thereafter' Thes. ii 253.14 (Stowe Miss.). loim f.¤ sāith, LU 3610 ( SCC 30 ). cleirech ... lasmbí ní f.¤ a leortu who has more than suffices him Ériu vii 156 § 10 . doformagar a dligid ... forsanní doruirmisem over and above what we have enumerated Ériu i 220 § 15 . in biat forsa canar immon Muiri `the Beati after which the Hymn to Mary is sung' Mon. Tall. § 30 (corresp. to: don bhiaid le n-abradh I.M., Rule of Tallaght 90 ). ind bi[a]t forsa ndene ind crosfigild `the Beati after which he performs the cross-vigil' ib. (corresp. to: le ndeunamh an chr., Rule of Tallaght 90 ). canair magnificat furri ib. (= Cantar M. uirre, Rule of Tallaght 90 ). cétbliada[i]n f.¤ bisex ... bliada[i]n tanaiste f.¤ bisex the first year following leap-year ... the second year ... RC xviii 296 - 300 . cf. it bliadni fuir bissext, Thes. ii 39.22 (cf. Ann. Inisf. 1101 ). ind ráithe dothét foir .i. samrad ZCP viii 175z . forsind ochtmugait bliadnae són `over the eighty years' (gl. supra uotum uiuendi) Ml. 111b22 .

In the follg. exx. we have a slightly different development of meaning; in addition to, along with: oc ool usci ... do dig forsna glasluibib, SR 1894 = ... fér in talman do chaithem ... ┐ usce do dhig fair, LB 113a26 (cf. superbibere). Cf. further: o duillib in crainn sin d'ól ar uisque , Maund. 160 .

(h)

(1) on, i.e., affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or mental states or conditions, joy, sorrow, fear, anxiety, sickness, pain, hunger, etc.; see also under words expressive of these): comadas lobre et immomon forsin mug, Wb. 8b1 . ni bi nach dethiden foir, 10b9 . ata dethiden fuiri cene, 3d34 . sním fora menmain, Ml. 89b7 . is e for snimsa fil formsa `it is care for you that I feel' CCath. 5148 . dond imniud roboí forsin popul, Ml. 103b9 . ni baí imneth foraib, LU 5832 . nicon robae ni form acht failte, Ml. 104d2 . biith galar ... fortsu, Wb. 29a26 (cf. mina roibh cosachtach air, Rosa Angl. 288.10 ). cia rodbatar tirbithi aili fornn, Wb. 14d13 . boí toirrsi f.¤ a muime, Trip.² 156 (cf. ni do thabirt toirse fuiribsi anísiu, Wb. 14a14 ). atā ēcen mōr fornd, LU 1562 . in machdad ... roboí forsnaib doirsib, Ml. 46a19 . in cóe ... boí f.¤ sluagaib I., SR 5806 . intí forsa mbeith ítu mór, Mon. Tall. § 48 (= damadh mor an ita do bhiadh ar neach, Rule of Tallaght § 98 ). bo geis don filidh anfis do beith fair, ACL iii 4.20 . Cf. i n-ítaid, i ngalur, etc. LU 2350 - 51 . cen ainbthini foraib (gl. fluctus ... in stationes suas rediunt) Ml. 121a5 .

With adjectives: arnap trom fuirib for n-oínur Wb. 14d17 . trummu foraib som imram ... quam techt ..., Ml. 126a4 . ní réid fort you do not find it easy LU 4789 (cf. ro étrummaigset doíri forna cenela, Ml. 113c8 ). ni ba mór forumsa sain, LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 = BB 426b42 ). ni mó formsa ... cid fiala a flaithe, ACL iii 296.38 . See also s.v. bec (beg). Some exx. with 1 esbaid, esbud may be mentioned here although in O.Ir. it takes 1 ar of person deprived : na raib form esbaid, SR 1584 . cen essbaid nacha maithiusa foraib, LU 2042 ( FA 12 ).

(2) of purpose, attention: scríbend menmman .i. robboí f.¤ a inndṡliucht som `it had been in his mind' Sg. 178b4 . in sét atá form aire on which I am intent Ériu vi 115 . Cf. nicon fil f.¤ menmain damsa sin, Ériu viii 156.22 .

(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.: mallacht ... for a n-apaid, LU 2436 . mallacht fort beolu, LL 272b2 . dígal ... forru, Wb. 1d3 . conicc dígail forib, 6a17 . ni dechudsa cucuib ... do aidbiur foirib, Wb. 14c40 . bendacht Dé f.¤ Díchuin, Trip.² 387 . bendecht f.¤ Firu Cúle, 2157 . bennacht dé ┐ ande fort, LU 6852 . bai a mbennacht f.¤ Iosiaph, SR 3552 . ní ó gothaib ... dogénat ... in molad sa f.¤ Dia, LU 2676 .

(j)

(1) existing on, by means of (a food, diet): ros altatar f.¤ carnaib mac ṁbec reared her on Rawl. 132a5 ( Expuls. 8 ). adbert nad ebalta lee hē f.¤ lacht, BB 497a17 (= Dinds. 142 ). teora bliadnai f.¤ usciu ┐ bargin, Ériu vii 140.5 . secht mís ... f.¤ usce ┐ bargin, RC xv 489z ( ar usci ┐ b., 491.1 ). rosáeth linni do bithsiu f.¤ uisciu, LU 6051 . Cf. xl dies f.¤ doborfiit forty days on water-diet Thes. ii 38.29 (see PIT, and Thes., p. 67 ). roboi si f.¤ suidiu co cend mbliadna she was on that ration for a year Mon. Tall. § 60 . dā cēd bliadhain doib f.¤ iascc, f.¤ enlaith, Leb. Gab.(i) i 30 . conid furri [ = forsin chloich] buí sásad dó etir biadh ┐ digh (of a stone placed in his cheek), Cáin Ad. 12 . Cf. coro rosind mo ṡáith f.¤ t'acaldaimsiu, Mon. Tall. § 25 (= mo shaith cainnte d'fhaghail riotsa, Rule of Tallaght § 81 ).

(2) a similar use is relying on, depending on; sometimes = content with (some of the citations however seem to approach the meaning under k): do berar mac an righ ... f.¤ aoncois ┐ aonlaim ┐ aonshuil (i.e. having the use of these only, cf. the corresp. passage: Rex ... habebat filium qui erat c[a]ecus, claudus et surdus V. SS. Hib. ii 146 ) BNnÉ 185.14 . Cf. .ccc. fear f.¤ aencossaib ┐ f.¤ aenlamaib ┐ aensuilib, BB 372a45 ( Dinds. 41 ). See also I (c), end. cethri coicid E. form laim ┐ form gail ┐ form gaisced do aurscartad di Maig M. `on my hand and my valour and my weapons it rests to sweep the four-fifths of E. from M. M.' RC iii 179 ( LL 121a12 ). Ni horum ata, acht forma tuismidhtoraib (= it is not for me to decide), Stair Erc. 932 . mád día loga bemitni f.¤ a breith mani loga ... ni bemni forsind recht sin if he forgives we will abide by his judgment ... if he does not forgive we will not abide by that law LU 9753 . foemuis ... oirisium f.¤ dliged a sen, Marco P. 25 . on tsaeibhdliged fora taithe, 24 . bid inund comairle f.¤ a mbiat, LU 2639 . ni bar óenscéol atát na druid the druids do not agree LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ), a airm f.¤ congbail ina laim grasped in his hand CCath. 3546 . conimragba f.¤ greis. ┐ dītin ... dom imdegail ar demnaib, YBL 327a16 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ), see 1 greis(s). See also commairge, fáes(s)am, etc. Here probably: bid maith a ana f.¤ cethru his wealth in cattle ZCP x 225 § 2 . dogegaind | anad sunn f.¤ bicc ḟeraind, Trip.², 1273 (= content with ?). Cf. also Corm. Y 211 cited supra, col. 192.3. appraind ná bása f.¤ mo nirt would I had been in my strength ! LU 6370 . Cf. in tan roboí Mac C. f.¤ a áltaib isind ármaig when Mac C. lay wounded on the field LU 7964 ( BDD 162 ). Cf. far diall tanaisiu of the second declension. Sg. 106b20 . is fuire side daroine O. in Félire in this (metre) O. composed the F. Fél. 4 .

The uses illustrated, respectively, in the two sections following are not always easy to distinguish. The principal difference is that (k) usually expresses passivity rather than activity. Some of the exx. there might possibly be assigned to (j), while in (l) action, purpose is implied. For later exx. see 1 AR, where the absence of lenition in these uses betrays the original prep.

(k) With abstr. or vn. , also with adj. in (a state, condition) : amal mbīs rothmol ... f.¤ bithimpud, SR 200 . f.¤ tuili doib they were in flood 2523 . sruth ... f.¤ teibirsin, Marco P. 5 . sornd tentide f.¤ lassad blazing LU 2101 . ina lócharnaib f.¤ lassad, 2055 (but : secht míle ... oc lassad 2057 ). aithinni f.¤ derglassad, CCath. 903 . co togrennitis ... inna heonu f.¤ luamain, LU 5159 . co mbui f.¤ foluamain imma chend, LL 225aw ( TTr. 600 ). batar na Desi f.¤ fainnel as cach inud na chéli, LU 4433 . f.¤ fainiul a lluc i lluc, 249 . foendul ┐ sechrán, PH 1909 . co rabatar lestra ... in tige f.¤ snám, Trip.² 114 . co rabhadur na botha ... f.¤ snam `floating' CCath. 2347 . o ro linad ind arc ... robaí in digal f.¤ imluad SR 2510 . a mbatár ... f.¤ imluad forsna tonnaib, LU 1864 . Rí ... ro horddaig in nUan iarsin tsleib f.¤ a imluad, SR 594 ( Rev. xiv 1 ). Cf. na bi f.¤ snim th'aislinge, SR 3282 (= na tab- hi snim, LB 115b46 ; nacatabrad imsnim, BB 238a24 ). f. Cf. f.¤ othrus, f.¤ folach, BCrólige 26 ff . f.¤ longais in exile Ml. 93d3 . cia bemni f.¤ longais, LU 4861 (= f.¤ loinges riam TBC-I¹ 371 ). cach oen fil f.¤ loinges ┐ teched, PH 460 . Cf. ba hé a lín f.¤ a longais, SR 6276 . boí f.¤ merogod, LU 1642 . rabaí f.¤ merfaill ┐ merugud ic iarraid a aite, LL 220a41 ( TTr. 233 ). bith deitsiu f.¤ merogod tige oiged, LU 6757 ( BDD 27 ). f.¤ aig thaig, SR 3477 . forsin reim sin, LL 232b ( TTr. 1239 ). f.¤ comrorcain in error PH 6602 . f.¤ fírinne in the right 2671 . is fír forstā Lucifur, SR 1839 (j ?). anmanda ... bis f.¤ cennsacht ┐ pettacht `tamed and petted' CCath. 2453 . conacca dá ech f.¤ sgur unharnessed ZCP viii 106.23 . roboí F. f.¤ altram la hAni, LL 165az (= Dinds. 142 ). boí leis f.¤ cui LU 10941 (see cáe, fecht). dind riuth forsa taith, Wb. 20b6 .

connfaca na tri leogain ... f.¤ dasacht ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 389 . sccuiridh don dasacht fora taithi the madness which possesses you BNnÉ 7 § 23 .

Cf. dā fercoin ... fur an dath cētna of the same color ZCP vi 29.18 (rosg ar dath gloine guirme, GF. DDána 234 . ar chruth ┐ ar dheilbh Dé, TSh. 1329 ). With adj. f.¤ cloen inclined Thes. ii 254.19 . ni bia lamnad f.¤ cōir normal delivery ZCP viii 111.25 .

After verb of motion : docoid O. ... dochum Poil f.¤ longis `had gone to Paul into exile' Wb. 31d19 . di[a] luid D. f.¤ longais, Ml. 55c1 . tiagat f.¤ teiched, 54b12 . ar foít f.¤ techtairechta, Wb. 15a15 . téit f.¤ teched, LU 4917 ( tíagait ar teched, 4965 , both in hand of M). tigc ceo ann ... ┐ do luid an ri f.¤ merugud, BColm. 70.28 . ria ndula doib f.¤ a fecht, SR 3505 (see fecht). In : téit ina ndíaid ... f.¤ echlascad, LU 6786 ( BDD 32 ) the meaning is almost `by dint of' (cf. j). Cf. tainic ina dhochum ... f.¤ a tuitmennaigh `came ... stumbling' CCath. 2199 . ni far maid rosnuicc `it has not brought them to good' Wb. 5b3 . ní thaudchaid a brú f.¤ cóir LU 6078 . ní téighedh béim ... f.¤ dimaín `no blow was delivered in vain' CCath. 2012 .

See 1 téit, do-tét.

(l) At, engaged in (an occupation or task) : cach la sel dún f.¤ imrádud Dé, in sel aile f.¤ precept, Wb. 15d9 . f.¤ foigdi 25b11 . basa f.¤ a imcabail I was avoiding him LU 1244 . ma beith nech f.¤ a iarair if any one be inquiring about it Rawl. 70a44 . cia f.¤ a tai iarair ? whom art thou seeking ? SR 3096 ( co ndechos f.¤ iarair Etaine, LU 10644 ). frisin coais f.¤a robae som, Ml. 64a12 . ... inna ndrochgnímae f.¤sa robae, Tur. 60 . buid f.¤ tectairecht hó Isu, Wb. 13b5 .

This construction is widely extended : mí dhóibh forsin fleighsin they spent a month at that feast Marco P. 88 . go rabhattar f.¤ a bproind at their meal BNnÉ 9.10 (cf. similar use of Engl. `over'). airet batar ... f.¤ a trealmaibh diubraicti `so long as the hosts were discharging their missiles' CCath. 5662 . a mbatar ... f.¤ a mbriathraib `as they were speaking' Ériu xii 182 § 14 (= LU 10895 ). ro uhatar tra for [sna] himdigluib sin cēn romarsat `they kept up these mutual retaliations' ACL iii 2.15 .

(m) To express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely affected by the action, = in despite of, to the detriment of. (Cf. the apparently similar use of AR in : ducer airi airitech ind ríg `he let fall the king's drinking cup' Lism. L. p. 324 = Irish Texts i 10 § 32 ). cf. atbath airund, LU 593 ( ACC 14 ): fó'n missi ro briss recht ... | foirb ? or was it I that broke the law to your hurt ? SR 5533 . arna bristé fír fer f.¤ Coin C., LU 6259 . conbocht fír fer fairseom, 6239 . gabais B. ... in n-insi sea forsna cenela robátar inti, LU 1343 . atraigsetar ... L. do gabail in tiri sin forro di cach leith, LU 4390 (see gaibid). dobersa ferand duib ... la Osraige ... ┐ is cet duibsiu a forsingud foraib, 4439 . iar togail Duin S. furri, 5823 . congair ... immá tech dia gabáil f.¤ Ulto, 1506 ( MU² 1003 ). Tancatar a námait ... do gabáil tige fair, RC xiii 86 ( LL 304a17 ). luidh A. ... do irghabhail a chathrach fair, Marco P. 7 . do choll etha na hindsi sea fair to injure him by blighting the corn Dinds. 18 ( BB 360a15 ). tarraidh Hectoir baegul f.¤ Achíl, LL 244a16 ( TTr. 2029 ; see báegul). co tairsedh cach dib a mídúthracht ... f.¤ araili, CCath. 255 (see tárrachtain).

In some instances it is difficult to distinguish this use from the local meaning (I c), e.g. ro línad fair in sliab di énlaithib = graues aues fuerunt erga illum Trip.² 1300 .

Cf. also: ní tae dám i tech fort, BDD 16 . is aurgart ... corr colpdai do brisiud fair hi tig, Ériu vi 136.85 is taken in this sense by the editor (fair `in his despite' 141n .), but cf. I (e) end. In : ro foilghiusa sin ... ┐ ní fitir nech form cusaniu, RC xxvi 366 (= ní fitir nech in folach sin cusandiu LB 260a20 ) this sense seems implicit, though at first sight the ex. might seem to belong to (d).

Cf. use with 1 do-fich (togal), do-gní, fellaid (fell).

(n) expressing obligation, constraint, compulsion (see 1 fíach; do-beir) : nech forsa tabar a denum `one who is compelled to do it' Ml. 54a2 . folach f.¤ fer nad fuic `where a man who injures not has to maintain' BCrólige § 15 . aithgin fuirre i mbās in case of death she is liable for restitution Laws v 146.6 Comm.

(o) expressing worth, value (late and rare.Cf. IV a) : dá cét punt f.¤ cach n-eoch, Marco P. 9 .

(p) for phrases such as : f.¤ aird, f.¤ cel, f.¤ cúl (cúlu) f.¤ enech (inchaib), f.¤ fáesam (comairce), f.¤ son, etc., see these nouns.

(q) after adj. gov. obj. of emotion, faculty (rare) : ni pu f.¤ seotu santach, Hy v 7 ( Thes. ii 328 ). nirbat santach forsin bith | nach f.¤ innem cloen, LB 261a8 (= imman mbith, YBL 407a17 ). isam eolach sa f.¤ a muintir, Aisl. Tond. 113.2 .

III With a number of verbs in regular syntactical construction or in special expressions. It indicates the indirect (in some cases the direct) object (pers. or thing) after verbs of asking, entreating, seeking; tempting; discussing, meditating; fighting, attacking, routing, defeating, overthrowing; blessing, cursing, censuring; suing; enjoining, commanding; estimating, judging, punishing; giving, bestowing; binding, pledging; putting, placing, throwing, etc., etc. For exx. of use see especially : ad-cobra, ad-cota, ad-eirrig, ad-fét (as-indet), ad-slig, ad-suidi, aithnid (ad-noí), beirid, bris(s)id, 1 ceisid, con-dïeig, dáilid, 2 do-alla, do-beir, 1 do-cain (díchetal), do-cuirethar, do-éccai (1 dercaid, fégaid), 1 do-ella, 1 do-fich (dígal), do-gní, do-icc, do-indnaig, do-léci, do-scé(u)lai, do-sluindi (diúltad), do-soí, do-tét, do-tuit, dúnaid, feccaid, feraid (ferthain), foaid, fo-ceird, fo-coisle(a), fo-dáli, fo-luigi (see II above), for-congair, fo-ruimi, fothraicid, fúabair, fóbair, gaibid, guidid, íadaid, íarmi-foich (íarar, íarair), imm-beir, léicid, liïd, lingid (léimm), maidid, midithir (1 mes(s)), moídid, nascid (ar-naisc, fo-naisc), 2 nertaid, roínid (sroínid), saidid, 1 saigid, soïd, sreid, 1 téit, 1 tráchtaid.

Cf. IV below.

IV In Mid. Ir. MSS. sometimes misused for O.Ir. AR, especially in verbal constructions (see III) :

(a) on account of, because of, for the sake of: foracsabairsi foromsa cach maith, LU 2397 (H). císsi lóg conattaig f.¤ a eladain, LL 219a27 ( TTr. 156 ). tabuirsiu f.¤ do soīre give [it] for the sake of thy freedom Anecd. iii 30 = ar do sh., Lism. L. 190 . ni accatarsom cinnas boí ... a huachtur túas f.¤ a hairde, LU 1927 . ni f.¤ crabud léce do miltnidecht uait, acht ar omun in catha, LB 59b62 ( RC ii 388 ). in fath forar crochad Isu, PH 2877 . Cf. na huile noebnoidenu ro damatar marttra forut [ = erut] YBL 327a2 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ). combad f.¤ Martain dogneth Dia in mírbuil for M.'s sake LB 60a4 ( RC ii 388 ). dia n[d]erntasu formsa if you would do as I tell you TBC-LL¹ 1802 . ni dearnnsad fair they did not obey him Dinds. 79 (= BB 390a39 ). ni dernai E. ḟurri anisein, LL 222a6 ( TTr. 351 ). dorónadh fairsium sin, CCath. 2896 . See do-gní. ro oentuigset in ní sin f.¤ Chaillin according to C.'s advice Fen. 178.7 . ic attach in Choimded ... f.¤ animmib na ndoine on behalf of PH 6393 . ro guid M. in Coimdid forru, LB 61a5 ( RC ii 398y ).

(b) Freq. with indirect obj. of verbs of concealing, delivering, rescuing (e.g. ceilid, do-essuirg, fo-luigi, saeraid, q.v.). In : gan nert cobharta forra fein incapable of helping themselves BNnÉ 5 § 11 , FOR replaces FRI, or direct acc. (= gen. after vn.). (But cf. use of f.¤ with fortacht, and AR with the late formation foirid, fóirid) : cid ara n-anci in laech ḟorrum, LL 284a13 ( TTr. 1261 ).

(c) in some phrases : f.¤ bélaib (= ar b.) SR 4568 . f.¤ a n-inchaib, CCath. 2407.3633 . f.¤ cend, LU 5954 , 5958 (H). f.¤ cind, 5890 (H). f.¤ tús, LB 61a5 ( RC ii 396x ). FA 3 LB (= ar thús, LU 1967 ). Cf. f.¤ dus (v.l. f.¤ tus), CCath. 303 . See also under these nouns.

V ? Adverbial use of 3 s. neut.: na for aircella echdrund n-aircend 'nor in addition does it take away the definite property of another' Peritia iii 446 (Text II) .

foraithmetach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foraithmetach or dil.ie/23307

Forms: forait[h]mitig, foraithm[it]echu

adj o-ā (foraithmet) that remembers, mindful: n s. bid f.¤ ... a t[h]airngeri mindful of his promise Ml. 128c7 . isindí rombú foraithmitech side a taircitil, 122d7 . n p. forait[h]mitig (gl. memores) 44c5 . a p. isna foraithm[it]echu 34a23 .

imm-aig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-aig or dil.ie/27660

Forms: imdaaig, imidágat, imaga, himaighe, musnágat, imm-ebla, immusneblad, immact, imanachta, immusracht, himmacht, imrachtatar, imrechtatar, imracht, imaigid, imaiges, imaig, imaigetar, immaigestar

v ā-subj. t-pret. Indic. pres. s 3 an imdaaig , Ml. 66d18 . p. 3 imidágat, O'Dav. 1139. subj. pres. s. 2 imaga, O'Dav. 66. s. 3 ni himaighe , O'Curry 2340 (< Eg. 88, p. 26b ). ? To this : p. 3 conná' musnágat , LU 9091. (Fut. <*imm-ebla. For origin of this stem see Thurn., KMMisc. 62 sq. and Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 675 ). Sec. fut. s. 3 immusneblad (sic leg.), TBC-I¹ 2136. Pret. s. 3 immact, Thes. i 497.32 . ? pass. pl. imanachta, ACL iii 5.18 . Perf. s. 3 immusracht, SR 5506. ra himmacht , LL 21a39 . p. 3 imrachtatar, RC xv 473.z . imrechtatar (considered by Stokes to be from root —eg— `regere' in ablaut variation to —ag—), O'Dav. 1076. pass. s. imracht, SR 4210. Fairly early becomes a simple vb. imaigid : Pres. indic. s. 3 rel. imaiges, CCath. 3562. Perf. s. 3 ro imaig , Trip.² 1669. p. 3 ro imaigetar , O'Dav. 1076. ro immaigestar , O'D. 1705 (< H 2.12, p. 2 ).

I drives around, drives, pursues : eminauit eos e tribunali gl. immact .i. iecit, Thes. i 497.32 . araile ech ... immaáig iar níth aigi ech i n-íath, LU 8668 (FB). ro immaig na echu i fergortt, Trip.² 1669. adchíu in cruth immondnaig | ocht cind inna chuillsennaib, LU 6579. asberat ind ēolaid immusneblaid (read : ¤eblad, imneblaid LU) riam remain that he would drive them before him, TBC-I¹ 2136. tigradus cach ima aigh fri [f]aitce, O'Curry 667 (< H 3.18 , p. 328a ). agh .i. imain amach, ut est ma imaga taga `if thou drive out, drive in,' O'Dav. 66. ni himaighe fri aoidche, O'Curry 2340 (< Eg. 88, p. 26b ) (= ni himgha, 1722 . ni himada, O'D. 885 ). in rí thuc in narcc for cul | immus-racht dar cech mórmúr, SR 5506. In chevilles : slicht imracht, 2825 . cruth imracht, 2913 . issed immom-racht-sa cucaibsi `has driven me to you,' Ériu ii 102 § 11. cid immót-rucht or Laegaire . do chungid sochraide or se, LL 275b34 . imusracht riam ... cusin mbe[i]nn n-ucud `drove him before him,' RC xvi 159 § 146. imrachtatar na muca reimib eter chonu ┐ firu ar fut Maigi hÓi, RC xv 473.z . cia leit[h] imaiges in t-oman sib, CCath. 3562. ? To this : mac Rōigh rofesin fechtaibh co n-ēgnibh imman imanachta lūaithiu bruidin Bō Cūailngi, ACL iii 5.18 (rhetoric).

II ? To this, with reflex. pron. : mástat carait conná 'musnágat mastat namait co 'mmosralat that they may not make a commotion (?), LU 9091 (FB). (= condosnadaid, ZCP iv 172 § 84 ).

For the forms imma n-ágar, LU 6117. immanagat, Ériu iv 28 § 20. immanaigtis, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.54 . immanaigtis, LU 9311 , see agid imm.

Mumu, Muma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Mumu, Muma or dil.ie/32829

Forms: Muman, Mumhan, Mumen, Mumain, Muma, -n, -in, Muman

pn n, f., the province of Munster ; Latinized as Mumonia or Momonia (-enia, -inia), cf. name given to the inhabitants: Mumanenses, AU 774 , Mumenenses, 793 ; g p. Muminensium, 774 , Thes. ii 276.36 (Adamn.). Desmumu . . . Tuathmumo, Rawl. 83b7 . g s. Muman, AU 727 , 734 , 817 , 825 et pass. Mumhan, 724 . bellum Mumen, 778 , cf. 792 . ri Mumun, Laws v 110.16 ; but: i tir Mumæ, Thes. ii 269.35 ( Ardm. 15b2 ), possibly ds. in apposition. a d s. inter Mumain et Laigniu, AU 734 ; for Mumain, 792 , 822 (usual form); but: de Mume, 734 , 775 (Lat. text). mac I. di Mumae, 825 . itir U Neill ┐ Muime, 775 . di Muma, TBC-I¹ 2919. din Mumu, 184 ( LU 4645 ). Muma (g s. -n, d s. -in), IGT Dec. § 8.8 .

Muma [Mumu v.l.] de nomine alicuius regis .i. Echu Múmo, Corm. Y 884. Mumu . . . ó ainm righ baí fuirri .i. Eochaid Mumo, Cóir Anm. 1. Eochu Múmo mac Mafemis o ráter Mumo, LL 18a1 . g p. deredh cnicht na cóic Muman , IGT Dec. ex. 300 (for the five Munsters see Ériu ii 49 fg .).

súaitrech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súaitrech or dil.ie/39090

Forms: suartlech, súaitrech, súartlech, suaitrech

n [o, m.] In Cog. also suartlech. Acc. to Stokes, ACL ii 450 ( O'Dav. 1419 ), súaitrech based on O.Fr. soudoier, Low Lat. soldārius, in ZCP iii 473 súartlech based on ON svartleggja. mercenary, hired or billeted soldier (see, however, citation from Ann. Inisfallen infra): suaitrech .i. fer bis ar coinnmed, ut est cach fer coinnmedh[a] dogres oc a mbidh idhnaidh cinadh .i. suaitrech urraidh, O'Dav. 1419 . suaitrech .i. buanna, O'Curry 1376 ( H 3.18, 627 ). indarba suaittrech a Mumain `[Norse] officials', Ann. Inisf. 972.1 . leba[id] sin ro heisced do duine airithi no do suaitrech, O'Curry 1645 ( 23 Q 6, 19b ) = do t[s]uatruch, Laws iii 460.19 . maeir for cach mbali ┐ suartleach cach tigi, Cog. 48.17 = suaitrech, 49 n. 15 . a marthain do maeir no do rechtair[e] no do suartleach gaill a foreign soldier, 50.4 = don tsuaitreach allmardha, n. 3 . ro daerait . . . a suaitrigh, 84.13 . ro daer . . . a suaitreacha, 138.6 . ro marb. suartletu gall, Cog. 82.16 (leg. -echu , Stokes, ZCP iii 473 ). suaitreach gacha tighe `a billetted soldier in every house', Caithr. CC 3 . in cétáin iar mughuirt sua[i]tr[e]ach milord Raocart, O'Gr. Cat. 124.6 . suaithreach nó buanna ar gach toigh `mercenary', Keat. iii 2756 . See also súatracht.

táid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. táid or dil.ie/39531

Forms: t., taid, taidh, tadaid, tathaid, tadhat, tadhad, tadat, taitib

n nt, m. thief: n s. t.¤ gl. fur, Sg. 47b9 . cach mac ┐ cach ingen co cenn da bliadan dec; is taid aithgena otha suidiu .i. ni tabeir dir[e] asa ngatass acht aithgin `ein Dieb des Ersatzes ... Er zählt nicht Busse für was er stiehlt, nur Ersatz,' Ir. Recht 22 - 23 § 24 . taid cu faendil, Laws v 318.14 . ? is tāidi ocus slataigi, ACL iii 317 § 59 , taid, taidh, v.ll. tadaid .i. gadaide, Lec. Gl. 173 (? n p.). tádhad .i. gadaighe, O'Cl. (? g s.). a s. ro chuimhrigh ... in tathaid , Ériu ii 140 § 149 . g s. geall fri 'mfaisneis tadhat `information against a thief,' Laws v 186.6 . i tech tadut na con daim cert na dlige do duine, 266.21 . ní-ria a enech na anaim ar echu echthadat, ZCP xi 86 § 43 . i tig háui Chuind cach tadath, Corm. 30.32 . n p. cia focerdat tadhad (? leg. -aid) ilar cor fair, Laws iv 268.27 . g p. it foruis tadat thieves' dwellings, ii 128.16 Comm. ceall dia ndentar uaim tadhat (and therefore not entitled to `díre' or `dicubus'), v 118.3 . is uaim thagut ┐ latrand a hainm la Crist (a church), Lism. L. 359.16 . nir bo long latronn í, ┐ nir bo huaim tadat, Leb. Gab.(i) 10.5 . d p. rig ithus gait ┐ brait .i. dia tarda o taitib , Laws v 174.4 Comm. ni suiter fri reimdilsi cia beith itir thaitib .i. ... ge ro beith dilsi reimi itir na gataigib, H 3.18, 343 ( O'Curry 713 ).