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adbar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbar or dil.ie/340

 

Forms: isa n-a., adbara, adhbhar

n o, n. a s. isa n-a.¤ , Ml. 138c3 . n p. adbara, LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). adhbhar m. IGT Decl. § 11 . See Celtica i 337 .

I

(a) matter, material: isa na.¤ nephdelbaigthe gl. informemque materiam, Ml. 138c3 . ri rothepi . . . / asin cheta.¤ admas / talam . . ., SR 30 . ba terc cach n-a.¤he had little of any substance, LU 11008 . aprisce in adbhuir dian-ar-forcoimnacair `the fragility of the matter whereof we have been made', Ériu ii 122 § 62 . co cruthaigfea in comdiu . . . curpa dind adbur toltanaigfes do cip é méit . . . in t-a.¤ , LU 2595 . a.¤ tened, BColm. 54.20 . d'iarraidh adhbhair cruite, Keat. ii 2692 . a.¤ in ard-naim the ingredients of the saint i.e. his discent or genealogy SG 18.3 . Med. iomad adhbhair (adhbhar v.l.), festering matter, Trompa na bhF. 7436 .

(b) materials etc., serving a special purpose, gear, equipment: roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain , LU 8046 ( FB 1 ). mad fige a loscad etir garmain ┐ cech n-a.¤ olchena `the loom-beam and all other materials', Ériu ii 206 § 27 . a h-adbara ┐ a aídimmi (of a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). nirthá do lín na h adbor cathugud trisna barbárdu sa `he has neither number nor gear to fight', 220a25 (ib. 220). is athais mor daib muna derntai calma amlaid sin ┐ febus in adbair fuil agaib, Aen. 2465 .

(c) Of persons with follg. gen. in sense of makings (of), one fit to be (hardly to be distinguished from damna in similar use, in spite of O'Don. Gram. p. 445 ): a.¤ ríg, Sc.M² § 14 . int a.¤ rig is ferr do bi da coiced fein, Ann. Conn. 1272.4 . airchideóchain Tuama . . . ┐ a.¤ aird-espuic, Hy Fiach. 114.12 (`? archdeacon with right of succession', Plummer MS notes). a.¤ suad, AU ii 508.4 . a.¤ gaiscedaig the makings of a warrior, LL 8581 . is breath adhbhair Ioldánaigh / do bhí ar Eoin E. was estimated as a young `Ildánach ', Arch. Hib. i 90 § vi . Hence of a grade of poet: itir éceas ┐ adhbar i.e. both poets and students (of poetry), Oss. v 40.5 . adhbhar oideadh young poets (makings of teachers), DDána 46.3 . do chuir geall . . . / fa dhán re hadhbhar eile challenged another student about a poem, 90.16 . Note also: ni raibi do shluagh adbhur cathaigthe friu there was not any army fit to fight with them, TTr.² 1438 .

Hence of successors (actual or potential) to particular offices (kingship, abbacy, etc.) usually with eulogistic implications: D. rí Midhi ┐ a.¤ ríg Erenn, RC xviii 277.13 (Tig.). a.¤ tigerna Breagh, AFM ii 880.14 . ádbar comarba Phattraicc, 762.7 . C. a.¤ ollaman na Brefne, Ann. Conn. 1411 § 22 . gurvo hadhbhar nuachair d'Eirinn antí Conall, ZCP xiv 223.12 . an t-adhbur imperi bis inadíaidh ` heir-apparent ', Maund. 192 . adhbhur a chlemhna his intended son-in-law, Ériu v 188.451 .

(d) subject-matter (of discussion, literary work, etc.): do chum do sgeóil do bhuain ré hádhbhar i.e. so that your fable should have a bearing on the matter under discussion, Desid. 3563 . in tan adchid in filid . . . in tadbur a subject for his poem, Laws i 44.3 Comm. adhbhar ceoil ar gcomhlabhra `the sweet subject of our language', Content. xxv 1 . neithe nach beanann ré hadhbhar which are not to the point, TSh. 9063 . a bhaoghlaigh / do chor-sa is adhbhar aonaigh thy business is idle market talk, DDána 4.9 . dob é m'oide ar adhbhoraibh, TD 23.9 .

II

(a) cause, ground, reason: ciadcobrinn moidim do dénum ni bói a.¤ híc, Wb. 17d17 . a.¤ fáilte, 20a9 . adbur na cnete, IT i 123.7 . a.¤ móide cause of anger, Dán Dé xxv. 15 . ionnbhúr n-adhbhar uathbháis ┐ miosguis ag Dia, Trompa na bhF. 457 . adhbhar cumhadh, TD 14.4 . a adhbhar d'iomchar na croiche / i gcoinne an bháis do bhí ag drud the reason for carrying his cross, DDána 30.12 . adhbair asa ndleghait soin, ZCP viii 116 § 16 . is é is a.¤ dóibh chuige sin, Corp. Astron. 2.9 . is é adhbhur ma tánac chucaib-si, do innisin scéal an domain díb, RC xxiv 371.3 . mór n-adhbhar fárbh aontuighthe, TD 20.53 . cuma leis ternó nó gan terno a cath acht co cuired a clú adhbar dá adhbaraibh provide he should be famous for some reason(?), Expugn. Hib. § 15 . corop i n-adbur na haighi sin rogaba bás that he may die because of that fawn, Todd Nenn. 182.12 . tuig . . . fa adhbar áiridhe . . . gurab edh as áil linn `that for a certain reason we desire', CS 2.1 . ar an adhbhar go ttoirmeasccann an fercc . . . carthanacht etorra féin, Ériu xv 28 § 2 . ar an adhbhar in aimsir S. Clára . . . ní raibhe áonchlabhsdra aca, 96 § 3 . ar adhbharaibh aile `for other reasons', AFM ii 918 note c. méid m'orchra ar an adhbhar-sa for this reason, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380.6 .

(b) Of the cause of a quarrel, battle, etc.: cath . . . fa a.¤ coir, RC xxiii 404.15 . sila ┐ adbair in catha, CCath. 3852 . is d'adbaraibh catha Chula Dremne sin, RC xvii 143.4 . is a.¤ ṅdegdebtha, LL 12109 . Hence absolutely in sense of casus belli: adbur no bidbanus, O'D. 1376 (E 3.5, 26a). can adbur can bidbanus, Laws v 142.18 Comm. olc in ta.¤ dia mbói sin LL 20624 . fobith . . . a nadbair ┐ a nesaenta re aroile, AFM iv 1010.22 . tosach an adhbhair eiséin `he is the cause of the dispute' TD 3.26 .

(c) Of the ground, pretext for a claim, charge : bít oc dénum adbair do argain na n-óglach, PH 7528 . dall-adbur no ferai form `you bring an unfounded charge against me, RC xiv 243.44 . caide in t-abur assa fuighmis hé?, Acall. 5215 . fágbhaim an t-adhbhar faoi féin / ní beag nod dfhior mar eiséin affair(?), Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 20 . ní ḟuil ní d'adhbhar aige, TD 8.32 . nár lim gan a.¤ éigin without some pretext (of someone returning uninvited), O'Gr. Cat. 352.19 . sé 'na ṡeanadhbhar ó ṡin an ancient cause ever since, TD 7.33 . anaic sinn ar ár n-damnadh / glanaidh sinn ó ar sean-adhbhar, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 382.4 .

In phrase lucht adbair people who bring charges, complaints(?); people with a grievance(?): mhaithmhechas na naindligheadh do thabhairt do lucht adhbhair, Ó Héodhusa 230 z . lucht adhbhair tar éis a ndiomdha, TD 29.19 . bíse it armaibh re hucht gcean / a lucht adhbhair go n-airgthear, 19.15 .

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

aimser

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimser or dil.ie/1149
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: amser, aimsir, aimsire, aimsiri, aimsire, aimsir, aimsera, aimseara, aimsior, aimseraib

n ā, f. (see Celtica i 339 ) n s. ind a.¤ , Sg. 66b12 . ind amser , Thes. ii 229.26 (PCr.). a s. aimsir, Wb. 9a9 . g s. aimsire, Sg. 66b15 . aimsiri, LU 8049 . ? an aimsire , O'Curry 1902 ( 23 P 3 , 23 (21)b ). d s. aimsir, Wb. 23d23 . n p. aimsera, RC xlix 7 § 3 . a p. aimseara, BDD² 261 . g p. aimsior, MS. Mat. 572.29 . d p. aimseraib, SR 10 . See Vendr. Lex.

(a) point of time: condidtísed ind a.¤ ba chomadas dó, Wb. 21a1 . tánicc a.¤ mo idbarte se, 30d11 . isind aimsir sin, 13b1 . tanicc a.¤ derb togle troi, desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb, Sg. 66b17 . cisi a.¤ hi forcomnactar in gnimai `at what time the deeds took place', Ml. 97a5 . is í sein trá amser i llotár in macrad, LU 6344 (TBC). cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ a.¤ ┐ persa ┐ fáth airicc (a common opening of Irish treatises), Fél. 2.1 (cf. Laws i 2-4 ). aimsir cinnte a báis, RC xii 336 § 27 . adeir fellsam díb anuair docí sé curab a.¤that it is the right time for it, Maund. 204 . Note also: tōet for m'ainech-sa co fārgub-sa Temair lais ar nī lim ind a.¤ rucus brith it is no longer mine since I gave the judgement, ZCP viii 311.36 .

(b) period of time, span, spell: robói a.¤ nad rochreitsid `there was a time that ye have not believed', Wb. 5c10 . ataat alaili feidligte ho aimsir `there are some who endure for a while', Ml. 21d4 . ilardatu inna aimsire mbite som isind fognam, 28b9 . baí oca amser már iar sin for a long time, LL 14554 . in aroli d'aimsir, Hom. Leg. 77.15 . fri re n-aimsire for a while, TFrag. 76.5 . ?immusrala muir aimsera co tāncatar Éirind time and tide served(?) (or for aimserda?), ZCP viii 312.14 . ar séan uaire ┐ aimsire, TD 41.15 . i cind amsire iartain fácbaim-se E., LL 7332 . tug an toice re haimsir / druim riom . . ., for a time, DDána 90.2 . ó aimsir go haimsir from time to time (i.e. occasionally), Keat. i 80.21 . gacha haimsire `always', Fl. Earls 122.22 . term, stage: fiarfaighter an bind iiii h-aimsera a gach fiabrus, RC xlix 7 § 3 . beir tri h-aimsera gerra ad tigernus fen aris, BCC 374.7 . i n-aimseruib laith, Laws v 268.20 . Of a legal period a.¤ togu: cadiad aimsira thogha? . . . a cinn a ceithre mbliadhan dec do ingin, a cinn secht mbliadan dec do mac, i.e. the end of the fosterage period, 14 years for a girl, 17 years for a boy, after which a choice could be made between marriage or the religious life, Laws ii 192.13 Comm. , Stud. in E. Ir. Law 188 . a n-aimsir dithma, Laws ii 114.19 Comm. a.¤ aenaid, aimsir dunaig, v 302. 32 . a.¤ chue see cóe. fixed-term agreement (of service): do-rinneadur aimsear re chēile go ceann bliadhna 'they made an agreement of service between them for a year' Celtica iv 70.205 .

(c) period, age, epoch: á aimsir in n-aimsir a saigal hi saigul, Ml. 115b7 . ri co ruinib robai fail / ria ndúilib rianaimseraib, SR 10 . ó cheudtos na naimsior gus aniu, MS. Matthew 572.29 . hisin chethramad amsir in domain táncatar Gaedil i nHérind, LL 1804 . fri remius chóic n-aimser cósin `for the space of five ages' (before the crucifixion), ZCP iv 388.2 . ré cúig n-aimsear during five ages, DDána 20.12 . rule, reign, time of specific persons: i namseir da mac Aeda Sláne, Thes. ii 298.25 . nach raibi 'na righ-aimsir eineach badh urdrucu, Hy Maine 135.12 . i n-amsir na náem, LL 298b5 ( SG 367.2 ). d'aimsir na n-apstal, TSh. 5008 . Of contemporary time: conricci in n-aimsir hi taam, Wb. 9a9 . is it amsir cluinti se / longes tri mac n-ard n-Uisle, IT i 70.7 (L. mac nU.). ro derscaigestar a tech . . . do thigib inna hamsiri sin uli, LU 8049 ( FB 1 ). rosháraigh na uili macu a aimsiri ar mét, RC x 188.3 . bo geis . . . don ḟilidh isin aimsir sin anfis do beith fair at that time, ACL iii 4.19 . lucht énaimsire contemporaries, Mart. Don. Feb. 7 . lifetime, life: do chomurtha a slánti ┐ tormmaig a amsire iarum, RC xii 436 § 46 . senoir . . . ar caithemh forgla a aisi ┐ a aimsiri, x 191.8 . biaidh m'aimsear 'n-a héanlaithibh, DDána 6.35 . do chaith a aimsir go haithrigheach, TSh. 413 .

(d) season (of year); weather: dorala ind aimsir geimrid it happened in the season of winter, Trip.² 112 . i naimsir in geamfuachta, Laws i 2.7 . i naimsir erraig, ii 120.17 Comm. to-tét meas fo aimsera, BDD² 261 . do 4 haimsearachaib na bliadhna, Corp. Astron. 16.1 . ba ro-mhaith in a.¤ ┐ na sligthe frissin ré sin weather, Fl. Earls 80.24 . aimsir theinntide thessaide neimhneach, 192.x.

(e) Gramm. Of the `time' or length of sounds and syllables: liquidae .i. hit lechdacha lesom in tan nád techtat acht oin aimsir `he deems them liquids when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . fat aimsire na sillab, Fél.² ccviii 5 . is cumair sin ┐ ni bi fair acht aimsear co leith tantum . . . da aimsir . . . forsin nguthaige fota, Auraic. 1349 . intan immorro is aenguthaige amal ata a o alt eter da aimsir and, 1432 . Of tense: issí ind amser éccríchtha `the unlimited tense (the aorist)', Thes. ii 229.26 ( PCr. 62b2 ).

? Temporal adverb: áirmhe náid aimseara . . . lochdach . . . a ttús chomhfhocuil cheirt, IGT Introd. 24 § 97 . áirmhe ┐ aimseara . . . aimseara, íairmbérla coimhleanamhna: ané, aniogh . . . lochdach a ttús chomhfhocuil íad, 28 § 125 .

airec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airec or dil.ie/1890

 

o, gender uncertain, see GOI p. 448 . Vn. of ar-icc. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 552 .

(a) act of finding, obtaining; acquiring: ordd airic fil fuiri gl. x . . . quae nouissime a Latinis assumpta post omnes ponitur, Sg. 4b9 . Cf. ord arric crutha na ndul, Laws i 26.6 Comm. ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu `for its being found in the second declension', Sg. 106b20 . re n-a.¤ éta ┐ω gl. sicut etiam apud antiquissimos Graecorum erant ante inuentionem η et ω, 5a11 . is cuit airicc camai ni gaib airechas gl. inuenio igitur legem resistentem uolenti mihi facere bonum, Wb. 3d8 . is suaichnid sund tra as rect maid asmbeir do airiuc túas gl. legi Dei, 10 . a.¤ .i. faghail, ut est a.¤ cinn Johannis ( Fél. Feb. 27 ), O'Dav. 75 . is andso fri ha.¤ `it is difficult to acquire' (of learning a game), Ériu v 30 z . cuithchi airricc `a pitfall', vii 152.16 .

(b) act of inventing, devising; invention, contrivance, plan: aireacc .i. inntleacht, O'Cl. ēces .i. . . . ēcmacht a ches d[o] airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser ┐ persa ┐ fáth airicc the cause of composition, Fél. 2 . fath airic, Laws i 26.9 . caide loc ┐ aimser ┐ persu ┐ fath airic in ogaim? BB 308b44 . fāth airicc a dēnma .i. do díchor in luin crāeis, MacCongl. 3.10 . ros-bendach Dia na dúile ┐ ro faillsig fáth a n-airicc the reason for their creation, Fél. 2.33 . issed cethardha ara taisilbthar int psailm alis personis: airecc intliuchta ┐ gnathugad cetail . . . inventiveness of mind, Hib. Min. 5.160 . frith airecc ingnadh ┐ elada firglicc le muintir C., CCath. 2139 . dognítis airci druadh ┐ brechta nua, 3956 . dus cred aireacc do ghendais da saoradh ar dhilinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 10.7 . in fuigbi airicc dī tresa roised in tarb do comaentugud fria . . . is í airig forfuair in cerd .i. bó cranda do dhénum dhí . . ., ZCP iv 238.27 . conidh edh airecc fuairset cuibhrighi do chur fair (of conspirators), BNnÉ 296 § 30 . is e airic arancatar Greic each cranda do denum plan, Aen. 416 . bá sé airecc ar rainicc lais celcc do indell, AFM vi 1976.y . ba hi so . . . oirecc pene nua fogebthea forru a new means of inflicting pain, LB 156b55 . ? aireg .i. sgíath, ut est Táin: mo a.¤ dam a Láigh or C., Ériu xiii 64 § 34 . aireac .i. sgiath, Stowe Gl. 23 . arach .i. sciath, 200 . ? deil i na.¤ laime, O'Curry 591 ( H 3.18, 291 ). See Lochlann ii 211 . In cheville: amru aireg, Anecd. i 57 § 61 . In phrase A.¤ menman device, plan, project: basedh aireag menman arriocht la hUa nD. `this was the plan adopted by O'D.', Hugh Roe² 168.6 (fo. 43a) . conad hi a.¤ menman forfhuair `project', Marco P. 191 . ba mor . . . aireg meanman na mban so resourcefulness, Leb. Gab.(i) 158 n.8 . contuiled cach n-aidchi oca comaidecht do airic menman conda thainic a sult ┐ a feth `he used to sleep every night by her side comforting her', Ériu xii 156.3 (TE2). In title of a tale: a.¤ Menman Uraird Maic Coisse, Anecd. ii 42 ; `Verstandes-Erfindung', Heldensage 21 .

(c) providing, supplying (food, entertainment, etc.): trian a toraid cacha bliadna doratsat fria haireac (of a feast), BB 255a41 . dochōid for m'einech . . . a.¤ (tairec v.l.) co A. ┐ M. co mbúaib, ZCP iv 44.29 ( TBFr. 363 ). oc airiuc don t-ṡlúag os a cind, IT i 67.3 (LMU). coma hairec(h) aibhnisa d'ocaibh . . . eisteacht . . . , pleasure , BB 257b15 . Esp. in phrase a.¤ tuile waiting on, pleasing, satisfying , see tol I (d).

(d) act of determining, guiding: luamhaire . . . do a.¤ no do fhollamnacht na hecalsa, Lism. L. 2741 . doréir in tsenaidh ┐ airicc in popoil `by the will of the senate and the finding of the people', CCath. 76 .

cuintechtai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuintechtai or dil.ie/13637

 

Forms: cuintesta

vbl. of necess. of con-dïeig. Later cuintesta (infl. by s-subj., see GOI 444 ): bed chuintechti gl. questus, Ml. 92a17 . bed tudrachti .i. bed chuintechti són gl. ad elicendam missericordiam, 93a8 . don biail bed chuintechti ad querendam securem, Thes. i 493.26 ( Tur. 131 ). cetherdai as cuintesta da cach elathain , MacCongl. 2.1 . Fél. 8.14 . cuinncesta, ACL iii 3.2 .

do-róscai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-róscai or dil.ie/18396

 

Forms: dirósci, diróscai, diroscai, doroscai, duróscai, duroscai, dorósci, dorusci, doróisci, do-d-rósce, doróisce, do-r-róisce, doróscaigi, -derscaigi, derrsgaigi, derscaig, derscigem, diroscat, duróscat, doróscaitis, duroscaitis, doroscea, doroscat, duroscat, du-d-róscat, duro-scainn, dirosced, durosced, du-nd-rosced, doroscaimis, di-t-róscibea, duróscaibea, duroscaifea, duroscibet, duroscaifet, doróscaisset, daroscaigset, doróscichset, doroiscichset, diroscider, diróscaither, doroscaither, doroschither, duroscaibtar, du-n-dan-roscad, derscugud

v (di-ro-uss-scuich-, cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 618 ); later as simple vb. derscaigid, derscnaigid, q.v. Indic. pres. 3 s. dirósci, Ml. 57a1 , Sg. 42b2 , 3 . diróscai, Sg. 42a1 , 40a18 . diroscai, Ml. 133a4 , Sg. 40a17 . doroscai, Ml. 138c12 . duróscai, 114d1 , 115b16 , 134c4 . duroscai, 129b10 . dorósci, TTr.² 216 . dorusci, BB 491b41 . doróisci, TTr.² 1215 . do-d-rósce, 627 , LU 10827 . doróisce, 2467 . do-r-róisce (rel.) Trip. 398.2 . doróscaigi (contam. with prototonic form), TTr.² 1211 , 1213 . -derscaigi, Sg. 40a17 . ní derrsgaigi , IT iii 239.144 . ní derscaig , Alex. 848 , Anecd. v 2.28 . 1 pl. ní derscigem , Wb. 2a14 . 3 pl. diroscat, Ml. 66d12 . duróscat, 69a1 . Impf. 3 pl. doróscaitis, Ml. 136a7 . duroscaitis, 79c6 , 124d2 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. doroscea, Ml. 56a4 . 3 pl. doroscat, 37b14 . duroscat, 69a17 . du-d-róscat, 121a3 . Subj. impf. 1 s. duro-scainn, Ml. 41c6 . 3 s. dirosced, 58d15 . durosced, 129b13 . du-nd-rosced, 33c5 . 1 pl. doroscaimis, 32a21 . Fut. 3 s. di-t-róscibea, Wb. 1d21 . duróscaibea, Ml. 89c12 . duroscaifea, 139b3 . 3 pl. duroscibet, 84b1 . duroscaifet, 84b4 .

Pret. and perf. 3 pl. doróscaisset, Ml. 119d3 . daroscaigset, LL 235a38 . doróscichset, TTr.² 219 . doroiscichset, LL 399b3 .

Pass. pres. s. diroscider, Enchir. Aug. 72b ( ZCP vii 480 ). diróscaither, Sg. 42b1 . doroscaither, 43a2 . doroschither, Ml. 107b5 . Fut. pl. duroscaibtar, Ml. 87b4 . Pret. s. du-n-dan-roscad, Ml. 100b4 . Part. 1 derscaigthe. Vn. derscugud.

I Intrans. stands forth, distinguishes oneself, is conspicuous, pre-eminent; absol. or more oft. with prep. DI surpasses; gl. antecedere, Ml. 139b3 ; antestare, 69a1 , 84b4 , 89c12 , 114d1 ; eminere, 32a21 , 37b14 , 41c6 , 66d12 , 79c6 , 115b16 , 18 , 121a3 , 129b13 , 136a7 ; praecellere, Wb. 2a14 ; praeesse, Ml. 129b10 ; praestare, 56a4 , 57a1 , 113a9 , 134c4 , 138c12 . ni derrsgaigi nech hissind airecht none outshines the others, IT iii 239 . ní derscigem nech di alailiu we have no vantage one above another, Wb. 2a14 . ni bi fodord do neoch dib di arali, ar ní derscaig nech dib di araile, Alex. 848 = ni derscaig nech dib araile, Anecd. v 2 . doróscaisset maic Israhel donaib c(h)enelaib cocríchthaib, Ml. 119d3 . diróscai di hilib a cheneiuil feissin, Sg. 40a18 . ni derscaigi dind huiliu cheneul, 40a17 . is do ilib a cheneoil fēn dorróisce, Trip. 398 . dirósci comparit di comparit a comparative surpasses a comparative, Sg. 42b3 . poisit . . . ni derscaigh do ní. Superlait dno ni derscaigther di. Comparait immorro derscaighidh di neoch, derscaigther di the positive does not surpass anything; the superlative is not surpassed; the comparative surpasses something and is surpassed, Auraic. 694 . ata derscughudh di (sc. dind posit) it (the positive degree) can be surpassed, 688 . doróisci ar áni . . . di ócaib in talman, TTr.² 1215 . doróscaigi do láechradaib domain uile ar ánius, 1211 . cathair doróisce do ṡaidbrius ḟer talman, Alex. 414 = dorusci, BB 491b41 . ingen . . . roderscaig do mnaib Érend, LU 3715 ( SCC § 33 ). roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain . . . do thigib inna hamsiri sin uli, FB § 1 . atait seacht n-ogha agamsa . . . ┐ ata aen ug and doderscaig dib uile, Aen. 214 . batar sech meic for .xl. la C. Doronad palas righda don mac roderrscaigh dibh, Marco P. 82 (possibly whom he favoured most, cf. II (b) below). asbert nád rabi for fertas in betha cumachta dodrósce de, LU 10827 (confusion of trans. and intrans. construction). With other prepp.: duroscibet . . . sech cech[-a?] ríga, Ml. 84b1 . roderrscaigh C. tar na .u. righuib aile, Marco P. 35 .

II Trans.

(a) surpasses, excels: ditróscibea . . . .i. bid ferr oldái, Wb. 1d21 . doroisce dōine Dubt[h]ach D. surpasses men, RC xx 152 = dorróische, LU 489 ; cf. Auraic. 5388 . desmirecht na deerci doroisce cech ndeeirc, MS. Mat. 614 ( LB 251b35 ). etach doroisce cach netach, Thes. ii 326 ( Hy. iv 10 Comm. ). in Spirut naob doroisce cech spirat, Lism. L. 1776 , cf. PH 3658 ; Anecd. ii 10 . int soilsi doróisce cach soilsi, RC iv 256 = LU 2467 . doróisce int ór cech tinde, PH 7018 .

(b) distinguishes, singles out, gives the preference to: bid amne ind eclas . . . feib dosrora [i]nn int ardrí, | uas cach maig rodasderscaig has exalted it above evey plain, SR 4423 . dia nderscaigind hí dona mnáib aili if I should choose her (i.e. Juno), TTr.² 378 . doroisc Dubthach a chumail dím prefers . . . to me, Lism. L. 1179 . feib radeligetar (amhuil rodearscaighid, Add.) a ndaer . . . de doeraib . . . fer ṅhErend, TBC-LL¹ 422 . an lucht derscaiges nó accobrus na rétta saoghalta seach na rétta nemhdha, RC xxv 392 .

elada, elatha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. elada, elatha or dil.ie/19919
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -an, -na

n n, f. g s. -an, later also -na, IGT, Decl. § 9 .

(a) art, science, acquired craft or skill (in general sense or of a specific branch), renders Lat. ars: beanaidh ris an ealadhain leighis = artis est medicinae TSh. 8229 (cf. Lile na hEladhan Leighis = Lilium Medicinae O'Gr. Cat. 202 ). abairt .i. ab arte .i. issī abairt do-ní .i. elada, O'Mulc. 10 . O'Cl. s. abairt. foillsigther do fis cecha healadna, Auraic. 4940 . lan do ecna in gach uile eladhain eter dlighedh ┐ diaghacht, ḟisigecht ┐ ḟellsaime ┐ ealadhain Gaeidhilgi air chena every science including law, divinity, physic, philosophy and the art of Gaelic [composition] in general AU 1498 . do réir [sic leg.] ealadhan an photeceári, Exodus xxx 35 . tárras deigh-ealadhain a noble craft (viz. poetic art) Dán Dé xxv 4 . gorab sec[h]ranach ealadhan an baramail sin unscientific Ir. Astr. Tr. 70.23 . Gailian Ipocráid amhra | gérbh égcinnte a n-eladhna `boundless as was their science' O'Gr. Cat. 556.5 . aes borb eladan unskilled workmen Laws v 98.11 Comm. (here opp. to aes dána). gnimrada borba...ac na recar a les ealat[h]u, iii 174n .

Esp. of literary or poetic art, or of minstrelsy , the underlying meaning being always skill , hence the word is not synonymous with éicse: aes ciuil ┐ oirfide ┐ ealadna, IT ii2 122.6 . aos ealadhna (of poets), Studies 1924, 85 . TD 8.16 . uinivers na healadhna (i.e. the poet's study), Ir. Review 1913, 594 . buime is ḟearr don ealodhain (of one bountiful to poets and minstrels) TD 9.51 . bágh na healadhna eadruinn the bond of art (letters, music) 23.5 .

With defining gen. of a particular craft or calling: doneoch...is tualaing éladu imbertha airm, TTr.² 91 . eolus ealadhna an ghaisgidh, Studies 1919, 439 . Cf. bearradh...lais...a ccomhartha ealadhan re taighleoiriocht in token of (his) calling as a courier Todd Lect. iv 68.14 .

do-gní e.¤ studies, learns, teaches or practises a craft: ag dénum eladhan isin cathraigh sin, RC x 182 y . co ndenad se ars memorativa .i. el[adh]na na cuimni do chach, 182.7 . ní tíaghair...d'íarraidh ealathan to seek (training in poetic) art IGT, Decl. ex. 315 ( = Studies 1924, 86 ). TD 12.6 .

(b) of applied skill in any art or craft; workmanship: ro derscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain material and workmanship FB 1 . screpall rob fiu in bunad ┐ da screpall dorormacht ealadu ┐ frichnum air (of a metal vessel; the skill and industry of the craftsman augmented the value of the material), Laws v 18.1 Comm. Of horse-training: don fer do-righne in eladhain...don fer do-righne in frichnumh, Cóic Con. 48.2 = Laws v 214.7 Comm. Of medical or surgical treatment: da ndecha mer as a inadh tarringther é ┐ cuir le suil th'ordoige 'na inadh é ┐ dentar an eladha cedna air (viz. apply a bandage, etc., as in the case of dislocatio manus) YBL 349a41 . nach fetir do reir naduire na ndaine clocha...dfoirithin, acht do reir eladhan...fetir seandaine eigin dfoirithin, 353b10 .

In connexion with military operations: doronsat... aidhme iongnaithe d'amhainsi ealadhan ┐ inntlechta trias ro ghabhsat Carrag L.C. for mhuintir F., AFM iii 280.17 .

(c) of skill in deception, craft, cunning, wile: gabaid fen rigi...tria cheilg ┐ elathain , LB 140a42 (= Todd Lect. vi 78.7 ). PH 8090 . mellaid demun tria eladain in drém na techtait in fírDia, 1950 . na fil celg no eladu dráidechta lais, 786 . BNnÉ 43.5 . trem' inntlecht ┐ trem' ealadhnoib diaplaidhi infernal arts Fl. Earls 138.11 . Here probably: ealaidhe na bpeataoi-se manœuvres (?) Ó Bruad. iii 134.22 .

(d) an exhibition or specimen of skill, craftsmanship: do erail eladan forru a display of their skill (in dancing) PH 893 . doronsat éladna inganta performed wonderful (gymnastic) feats 897 . trí fáilti coirmthige: immed ┐ dúthracht ┐ elatho (.i. ealadha do thaisbeana[dh]), Triads 225 and p. 42 . dob imdha céol ┐ eladhna ar an mbanais sin, ZCP vi 82.33 . augtair na elathan ic tennad a tairngi the builders of the structure (of a ship) LL 219a1 = TTr. 136 . Cf. cliatha bo Raghamain ruanaid | nírb ealadhain uabair [sic leg. ?] iat, Ériu x 85 z . Of a literary composition: augtar inna healathan-sa Béid Bede is the author of this work Anecd. iii 63.25 . S. O'D. da-rini inn ealadhu-so (heading of a piece of alliterative prose), H 2.7, col. 213 . don eladuin-si na Táno, ACL iii 3.3 . ros bennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.21 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser, etc. 2.3 . MacCongl. 3 . Ériu viii 150 . co nderna liubra ┐ eladhna lanmora do amaindse ┐ do indleacht `treatises' [cf. above, last cit. under (b)] RC xvii 417.29 . Cf. Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.12 . RC x 183.3 . is don Mac S.-si doroinneadh na healadnacha adchualabar these poems were composed L. Chl. S. § 40 . Cf. elada .i. eccloga .i. gobarc[h]omrád...ar a doirchi ┐ ar a dot[h]uigsi, is umi aderar gobarc[h]omrad...rie, Corm. Y 561 .

COMPD.: in t-eladenmaid = artifex PH 5578 ( = elad-d., see IGT, Introd. § 94 ). Cf. gusan elandenmaid, Ériu v 72.6 (n.2) , perhaps for eladandenmaid (see IGT, Introd. § 93 ). See also acunailind denmaid, Ériu v 72 n. 2 (E 3 5 p. 56b) .

eter, etir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eter, etir or dil.ie/20789

 

Forms: eter, etir, etar, eada, itar, hitar, idir, etrom, etrum, adrumsa, etrut, etrutsa, adru, adrud, adrad, eadra, etir, etronn, etrunn, étrunn, eadrainn, eadroinn, atruinn, etrunni, etruinde, eadruinn, etruib, etruibsi, eadruibh, eadraibh, atraib, etarru, ettarru, etarro, etorro, eturra, atarru, eatorra, etarruib, etoroi

prep. with acc. Lenites in Mid. Ir. Forms: eter, Wb. 10b21 . 12b12 . 13c26 . 14b10 . 15a29 . 21b15 . 26d5 . 27c15 ; 36 . 28d27 . LU 11a36 ; 41 . Rawl. 48bz . 25b37 . 71a19 . etir, Wb. 28d25 ; 31 . Ml. 18d24 . 19d2 ; 20 . 25d1 . 34d20 . 35a19 . 37d10 . 38b1 . 38d13 . 39a7 . 39c12 . 47c18 . 53d12 . 56b33 . 58a11 . 69a18 . 76c5 . 92a13 . 97a7 . 102a7 . 103b15 ; 16 . 103d14 . 114b17 122d7 . 136c1 ; 3 ; 4 . 137c8 . 140a2 . Sg. 72a2 . LU 3a11 . LL 220b42 . 230a11 . Rawl. 49b37 . etar, Sg. 212a11 . eada, Mon. Tall. § 30 . itar, Sg. 203a16 . hitar 203b9 . 212a15 . idir, BB 289a24 . YBL 401a26 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. etrom, Sg. 217b11 . etrum, Hy vii 48 . adrumsa, BCC § 179 . 2 s. etrut, TBC-LL¹ 884 . etrutsa, LB 174a43 . adru, Ériu iii 164.26 . adrud 164.25 . adrad, IGT, Decl. ex. 2060 . eadra, Matthew xviii 15 . 3 s. etir, Wb. 28b3 . LU 44a28 . 1 pl. etronn Wb. 15a32 . Rawl. 65a21 . etrunn, Wb. 31a11 . étrunn Ml. 38c28 . eadrainn, YBL 401b2 . eadroinn, TD 15.1 . atruinn, IT iii 242.242 . With emph. suff.: etrunni, Wb. 12b12 . etruinde, YBL 276c10 . eadruinn, Acts xv 9 . 2 pl. etruib, Wb. 24c22 . 27b18 ; 21 . LU 107b42 . LL 260a39 . etruibsi, LB 223bx . eadruibh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1041 . eadraibh, TD 2.47 . Matthew xvi 8 . atraib, CCath. 1669 . 3 pl. etarru, Wb. 7d10 . Sg. 163b6 . 200b7 . 209b33 . 217b9 . Ml. 72c9 . 78b11 . 112a8 . 119d10 . LU 6b9 . LL 402b27 . ettarru, Wb. 33b18 . etarro, Sg. 150b6 . 151b5 . LU 27b24 . 30a17 . etorro, LU 43b33 . eturra, LB 223b52 . atarru, 236b6 . eatorra, TBC-LL¹ 2214 . TD 9.13 . Matthew xv 7 . etarruib, IT i 76.18 v.l. etoroi, Hib. Min. 17.291 .

I Between (two individuals or groups)

(a) of spatial, also of personal, moral and reciprocal relations. For convenience of reference the exx. in this subsection are classified as follows: (a) the objects of the prep. are denoted respectively by the suff. or independent pron. and a subst.; (b) the objj. are denoted by suff. pron.; (c) each of the objj. is a subst. (sg. or pl.) or each is a pron.; (d) the objj. are denoted by a dual subst.; (e) a pl. or collect. subst.

(a) ni fil fiál etronn et Crist, Wb. 15a32 . Corm. Y 989 . etir fessin et doíni (gl. mediator Dei et hominum) Wb. 28b3 . robbet etrom ocus phein, Hy v 96 . daratailc itir ┐ a brat TBC-I¹ 1278 . sliab Ḟ. etrut ┐ Emain, TBC-LL¹ 884 . ná léig edrom as mfeithiomh, LB 200.21 . ná leig beind...adrad ┐ Eire, IGT, Decl. ex. 2060 . cindus edrud ┐ an Cristaidhi? how goes it between thee and the Christian? ZCP vi 287.4 . lig edruinde ┐ cāch leave us to settle with everybody 36.2 . ná léig eadrainn is aoinneach do not leave me to contend alone with any TD 30.4 (see léicid). ro suid eidir e ┐ rig Ulad, MR 66.8 . tarla imresain iter se ┐ mac rechtaire na T., BCC § 168 . do bi fairce itir se ┐ an t-inadh sin § 271 . The pl. pron. is often used idiomatically, including by anticipation the second obj. with the first: dorigne Ioib leathsmacht mor etarru ┐ Mercuir between him and M. BB 4a20 . releic comdílsi etarru ┐ in snechta between him and the snow Moling 7.67 . tuc [an ingen] a láimh etorra ┐ a léinid, Acall. 3710 (`between herself and her smock' SG ii 198.5 ). ro suid eturru ┐ rig Ulad between him and the king FDG 583 ( = eidir e ocus r., MR 66.8 ). atorchair eturra ┐ Coin C. he and C. fought Ériu i 124.18 . iii 166.37 . contudchaidside etarru ┐ cranna `came between her and [her] spearshafts' iv 22.20 . tic M. do saigid a brathar ┐ doroinde sith celgi etarro ┐ a clann between him and her children RC xxiv 178.12 . cein robúi A. a nirt comoralta epistle etorru ┐ D., Alex. 802 = Anecd. v 1.6 . In O. Ir. the subst. immediately following the conjunction is regularly nom. Only when the article precedes is it acc. ( etarru ┐ ingréin, Ml. 112a8 ). See KZ liii 83 ff .; In: is e comartha robui etarru si ┐ Coin C., Ériu, ii 22.19 , the scribe may have considered si ┐ C. as explanatory of the pron. (b) ber brith étrunn (inter me et inimicos meos) Ml. 38c28 . dorigénsat dechor etarru, Wb. 7d10 . Hib. Min. 8.276 . roboí commant n-etarru du denum uilc, Ml. 78b11 . is cían etarru 119d10 . ni cian etruib, TBC-LL¹ 1652 . cuing airgit etarru (of two birds) CCC 2 LU. is bec duit etorro they are much the same (in relation) to you 7 LU. atá Slíab F. etruib (i.e. between thee and Emain, but this may belong to the idiomatic use noted below) LU 4866 . nothogfaindse etruib far ndís between you both IT i 72.18 . ar in ccompantas fil edrainn, TBC-LL¹ 2220 . nocho betis beóil bána | etraind is airm ilága there would not be white lips and weapons between us 4105 . ní maith etraib re haitrib aeninaid `you do not find it easy to live together' Ériu viii 4.27 . gan aoinneach ann eatorra, TD 9.12 ; 35 . bágh na healadhna eadruinn, 23.5 . fearr...iná' lot eadroibh than that it should be destroyed (in the contest) between you 2.43 . suil bheas aimhréidh eatarra lest there be disagreement between them 24.3 . Cf. runn dergōir itir suidiu between these latter (two) IT i 137.15 ( CCC 2 Eg.). With ellipse of second obj.: cisalpina... .i. in Gallia cenalpande. cen Alpai ṅ-etarru, Sg. 217b9 . (cis Rhenum) .i. cen Rian ṅ-etrom 217b10 . tocuiriur etrum indiu inna huli nert so, Hy vii 48 . ní gar dogebhthar an ingin...fuil muir ┐ tír adrud sea and land are between thee (and her) Ériu iii 164.25 . ata fairgi mor adrut, ib. 26 . With a slightly different construction: consáiter etrunni mad tú between me and thee IT iii 244.1 (see KZ xlviii 52 ). See also end of c below. (c) in maceries roboí eter Dia et duine...et roboí eter corpu et anmana, Wb. 21b15 . dechur fil eter lanamnas et ógi 10b21 . dechur itir doíni ┐ idlu, Ml. 138c1 . triasin imresain fil etrum ┐ tu, MacCarthy 70.6 . rocroth M. a brat eter Coin C. ┐ Faind, IT i 227.1 ( = LU 50b ). cathir fil etir Ninues ┐ Thala, LU 1b25 . co torchair eter Ailill ┐ Medb, FB 61 . facbail obele itir bu ┐ laega, Laws i 232.5 . tainic itir in ingin ┐ a hédach, RC vi 175.6 . tiocfa an lán eadruibh is é, IGT, Decl. ex. 1041 . ná leig eadrainn agus inn protect me from myself Dán Dé xxii 17 . na hoiléinsi thoir | atá idir Ḟódla is Alboin, TD 24.6 . imthigh agus spreag é eadrad féin agus é féin amháin tell him his fault between thee and him alone Matthew xviii 15 . éidirdhealughadh eadruinne ┐ iad, Acts xv 9 . naoi n-iomaire eatorra agus é, Keat. ii 5202 . Of disputes, etc. cumusc...etir cenel nEogain ┐ Ultu, AU 892 . scanner etir ḟiru M. ┐ Airghiallu, 1050 . rofhás...cosnam eter na Gregaib ┐ na Latintu, PH 322 . RC xviii 167.23 . BB 12a4 . cath eter Tuathaib D. ┐ Fomoraib, 11b38 = MacCarthy 292 . a fil eter findruini ocus dergór as gold exceeds findruine FB 58 . a mbí idir ór is umha, TD 7.21 . idir mhéid meanma is mhíne | bhios aicill na hairdrighe 20.4 . The subst. may be represented by a vn. phrase: idir bheith ard is ísioll | do-chuaidh (i.e. he took a mean course) TD 20.38 . With omission of second obj. before the dependent gen. which distinguishes it from the first: dechur etir deacht maic ┐ athar, Ml. 24d25 . dorronad síid eter muntir nime et talman, Wb. 26d5 . do denamh sithe itir feruib Erend ┐ Alban, BCC § 318 . With idiomatic ellipse of second obj.: romboí fial amirisse eter a cride between their hearts and him Wb. 15a29 (see also end of b above). (d) atá coitchennas itar indi brethir so, Sg. 203a16 . in criss tessaigthe... | eter na da mesraigthe, SR 160 . súil cháirech eter da rethi, IT i 82.1 . crandcaingil eter cach da claiss FA 13 LU. rond argit eter cach dá en, CCC 2 LU. ro crochad Crist eter na dá latrand, PH 1209 . an sruth... idir in dá sluagh, BCC § 174 . co ruc itir a dha laimh air 309 . ass eter dā thēcht `milk of medium thickness' MacCongl. 101.9 . (e) C. ro crochad eter na latrandu, PH 2257 . cid atá etir na clarlestraib, LU 3a11 . urba itir fēraib, Laws i 232.6 . filleadh bruit edir dheimhis, IGT, Decl. ex. 1374 . Cf. an t-eidirdhealughadh ata idir pheannaide gach droinge, Rule of Tallaght § 52 .

(b) of intervals of time: atá etarro immedon, Sg. 151b5 . dos ánic dunebad eter da domnach, LU 15b26 . it cóic deich lathe airmither eter cháisc...┐ sollamain in cengcaigis, PH 5415 . robatar indsin etir da thráth din ló, LL 122b8 = RC iii 184 . eadar dí nodlaic, Mon. Tall. § 30 . canith M. etir cach [da] salm ...`sancte M.' § 8 . etir theirt ┐ medhoin laei, AU 916 . ca med lā | idir m'ēg san tē thesdā between my death and his who has gone YBL 401a26 .

II Among (the members of a group) with pl. or collect.: óentad etruib immanetar, Wb. 27b21 . amal file óentid eter baullu coirp duini, 12b12 . a ndorogbid etruib, 27b18 . cinirbo etruib robammarni, 24c22 . etir tuaith among lay- folk 28d25 . etir na trogai (gl. inter aerumnas) Ml. 38d13 . eter tonna [t(h)onnaib v.l.] trethain, Fél. Nov. 23 . atá imfrecrae etir inna cethri fersu, Ml. 58a11 . hua[n] chomchétbaid són roboí etir inna cenéla du ulc frit, 103d14 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta etir in n-aís dutiagat inna reir 103b16 . eter libru (.i. ...eter lebraib), LU 11a36 (ACC). eter scolaib, 11a41 . dot fastad eiter tuaid ;...nit bera-sam eiter tuaid to detain thee among the laity. He shall not carry thee off among the laity Mon. Tall. § 66 . in tan doberthar in cauradmir etruib, FB 59 . dá charpat rempe ┐ da charpat na diaid ┐ da charpat cechtar a da tǽb ┐ carpat eturru ar medon, TBC-LL¹ 696 . luid...etorru ar medón went into the midst of them 900 . tarrustar [Ísu] eturra [sic leg.] ar medón, PH 6673.6823 , etc. fáid eter fháidib... apstal eter apstalu, 879 . atbertsat etarru buden, LB 2a46 (= PH 118 ). ba hed atberdis-sen atarru fessin, 236b6 . co tucam aichne fair iter [itir?] cách that we may recognise him among all others 175b28 = PH 1965 . dorat imcossaít eter na mná, FB 21 . dodeochatar na noib so... i n-ógbrathirsi etir na cenela, ZCP viii 315.19 . a mbith i scrin eturru that they might have them in a shrine (a saint's relics) BColm. 96.7 . do tocbatar a muindtir fen an duine ...etorra ass in luing, BCC § 259 . bai imchosnum...eter a coic macaib, RC xxiv 176.7 . robad astrach...eter sídaib would journey among fairy-mounds IT i 215.22 . eatorra do hoileadh mé, TD 3.47 . eidir ṡaorchlannaibh ṡíol N. | do bhínn, 28.21 . ré bliadhna...dúinn...idir ḟiadhaibh Éirionn `in the wilds' 15.10 . rorand in doman a tri eter a triur mac, BB 11a19 (= MacCarthy 286 ). do randad Eriu eter na coigeadhachaib BB 13a5 = MacCarthy 304.1 . itir gach ní da raibhe scribtha and, adubhairt se..., BCC § 243 § 216 . With rel. part. before verb: ond áes tuaithe eterarrobæ, Wb. 28b32 .

III Followed by two or more objj. connected by ocus (or is) both...(and), including...(and) (cf. trian dib fria clais, trian fria croit, trian etir clais ┐ croit, Hib. Min. 9.280 ): with a s.: etir maith et saich both good and bad Wb. 8c20 . eter ógi et lanamnas, 9d26 . cense fri cách eter carit et escarit, 30b27 . eter soír et doír, eter mug et coimdid, 27c15 . cech rét...etir glan ┐ anglan, Ml. 69a18 . ɔdib innon in fogor hitar hothad ┐ hilar, Sg. 203b9 . a n-étguda eter chorcair ┐ gorm ┐ dub..., buide ┐ brecc, etc. TBC-LL¹ 66 . a tairbirt uili...eter mnaí is fer, SR 5648 . lucht na cathrach etir ṡen ┐ óc, LL 230a7 (= TTr. 944 ). PH 186 . no churfed in Troe fó gin gai...etir ḟer ┐ mnaí mac ┐ ingin, LL 229b38 (= TTr. 928 ). Studies 1920, 566 . slán eter chorp ┐ anmain, PH 419 . na cressa...eter úacht ocus tess, FA 26 . rofegsatar in tír | etir min ocus anmín SR 4670 . roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain, etir cháimi ┐ chumtachtæ, FB 1 . oc iarraid mna do dinguala etir cruth ┐ deilb ┐ ecuscc, IT i 119.1 . Ériu i 218.15 . ro sirsit hErinn ule itir thes ┐ túaid, IT i 119.6 . rodalaitseom etir anair ┐ aniar, 99.7 . Content. xxviii 8 . dolluid [in sindach] fon caillid ┐ sloig Laigen eter chois ┐ ech ┐ choin inna degaid, IT i 46.27 = LB 65b55 . as tú an beó... | do-ní idir eó ┐ énlaith, IGT, Decl. ex. 651 . idir éasga is ghaoith is ghréin | ...ag diall ruibh, TD 21.43 . co ro lládh a n-ár etir ergabail ┐ marbadh, RC xvii 355 . ag breith breithe eter beth a tocht ┐ ag labhra, BNnÉ 123.11 (in: a thindscra...itir ingen ┐ decelt, etc. YBL 32a25 = TBC-I¹ 1635 , ingen may be a scribal slip). Cf. tinne da mer do miter itir a tiug ┐ a tana, da dorn itir ┐ a tiug, a do itir ┐ a tana, da mer itir ┐ eipe a droma, ocht nduirn a fot ┐ ceithri duirn a leithit, Laws ii 246.3 , where: itir ┐ a tiug, itir ┐ a tana, lit. between it and its fat (lean), may mean including its fat (lean). tinne tri mer itir a tiug ┐ a tana, 248.10 . Cf. however ZCP xiv 352 . With a p.: etar fileda ┐ aís ndénma sairse chenæ, Sg. 212a11 . trian in tsluaig... | eter angle is archangle, SR 1838 . airnisi in gobann huili etir bulgu ┐ urdu ┐ indeoin, ZCP viii 304.36 . dia mbetís eter biu ┐ marbu Ulaid i n-oenbali the U. both living and dead LL 109b3 . marbad in tslóig archena etir maccu ┐ ingena, senóre ┐ sentuinne, 230a 11 = TTr. 947 With d p.: eidir themploibh ┐ mhainistrechoip ...tri tempaill is dá fichit, Fl. Earls 98.12 . With a p. and a s.: eter mo chuimregasa et líin dia pridchimm, Wb. 27c36 . Cf. oc imarbaig eter a feraib ocus siat fesni, FB 29 , where the construction is loose (see ZCP iii 418 ).

IV In: etir in n-inilligud (gl. intra tutum) Ml. 47c18 , the prep. is used = Lat. intra `within'; but this is an isolated case and prob. due to confusion betw. intra and inter on part of glossator.

fáth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáth or dil.ie/21356
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fáth, fáth, fáith, fátha, fatha

n u, m. (W. gwawd. Orig. n. ? n s. fáth ngle, LL 17a9 ). fáth (ó dhá chéill) m. IGT, Decl. § 38.12 (g s. n p. fáith, fátha. See fáith).

(a) cause, reason; with subjective sense motive, object , oft. with gen. or folld. by explanatory clause with or without prep.: in cetadbar ... fath ele, PH 7429 . in cétadhbar ... indara fath, Aisl. Tond. 110.4 . fer cotnic brāth ... is les cach fāth, cech forcenn every cause (i.e. origin) and end MacCarthy 24.18 . huair nach toracht trēn in fiach ... is hé fāth in choluim glē | iar sain ro faīdi Noë the reason why N. sent out the dove SR 2599 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser ┐ persa ┐ f.¤ airicc the cause of composition Fél. p. 2 ( LB 75a ). fath airic, Laws i 26.9 . fāth airicc a dēnma .i. do dichor in luin craeis, MacCongl. 3.3 . isse fath a denma (of a poem) Thes. ii 323.4 ( Hy iv pref .). más é is f.¤ molta ... dóibh if that be their matter for praise TD 8.20 . cidh fodera ... ? is é in f.¤ fodera ... this is the reason why ... Laws iv 84.14 Comm. isse fath fodera fochainn an tedma sin `the "causa causans" of that pestilence' RC xvii 416.25 (Tig.). fath fotruair, ZCP vii 305.27 . ro innisemmar in fath ar nách and roadnacht Cormac the reason why C. was not buried there LU 4087 . in f.¤ forar crochad Ísu, PH 2877 . ga f.¤ 'ma ra molais in fer sain ? why did you praise that man? TBC-LL¹ 3343 . ga f.¤ 'ma ra thogais, 3367 . cá f.¤ risi raibe ac fir bunaidh hí for what purpose the owner had it Laws iii 150.8 . ca f.¤ nach filet na demnu fomamaigti?, PH 2798 . cred in f.¤ ara feithim ? why do I wait ? YBL 401a20 ( Dán Dé xxii 4 ). ná habair ... m'ainm nó f.¤ mo shloinnte, Dánta Gr. 95.14 . co nadh fuil fáth h'íca there is nothing to heal thee (no possibility of healing) TBC-LL¹ p. 625 St [cf. under (c) below]. fáth oirbhire ret folt gcas | ní háil re Dia go ndearnas God did not will me to cause reproach to Studies 1928, 674 . ba fiú leis na fátha sin d'ḟuasaoid orra, ML 86.11 . fá hé f.¤ Bhlánaide ris sin, go mbeidis ... B.'s motive Keat. ii 3505 . With prep.: ar fath loitiche ind feoir for the purpose of injuring the grass Laws i 174 Comm. is ar an ḟ.¤ sin onoraighther in sollamain-sea, PH 5425 . ar díb fát[h]aib dorigset a carnd, LU 7034 ( BDD 68 ). ar dá fáthaib ro hordaigedh in tegdais, ZCP iv 239.7 . is fāilidh fiach dā fāth because of them ZCP viii 227.31 . isin fubtadh fo fath marbtha `for scaring for the purpose of killing' Laws i 178.3 Comm. his e Crimthann cinnes dar cach | fri fath fuilech for ends of bloodshed Rawl. 85b35 ( RC xxxvi 263 ). gach f.¤ asa bhfuighbheam neamh `all things by which I may reach heaven' Dán Dé xxvii 33 . ár bhf.¤ tnúidh the cause (i.e., object) of our emulation TD 25.6 .

Cf. aile dáilemhain ... fáth bris a ainm, Ériu xiii 41.8 . cf. bruis .i. soais, ut est fath bruis a ainm, O'Dav. 248 .

(b) subject-matter (of a composition) and in general sense subject, matter, affair: fri fileda fāth | fīu dā macc ḟīal Fedelmthe, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14 ( Rawl. 124a30 . Meyer compares Welsh gwawd); 'the two noble sons of F. are worth a composition by poets', ZCP xxxi 49 . Freq. in chevilles: fath cen chlith, SR 6879 . f.¤ ngle, LL 17a9 . f.¤ co ngail, 299a4 ( SG 368.4 ). f.¤ cen dochta an inexhaustible theme Metr. Dinds. iii 20.1 . fath gin gheis, ZCP viii 107.16 . f.¤ ro feas `a fact well-known' ML 92.3 .

(c) wisdom, learning; maxims; skill: fath .i. fogluim, unde dicitur faitsine .i. faith, Corm. Y 602 . fath .i. foglaim, ut est ní acrat filid acht a firaib fer fath, O'Dav. 860 (= Ériu xiii 17.26 .) sruaim [sic leg.] co fathaib feith, O'Mulc. 537 (cf. fath .i. fis, ut est sruaim co fathaib feith, O'Dav. 916 ). Cf. fithcill .i. fath-ciall .i. fath ┐ ciall oca imbirt, Corm. Y 607 . fatha felmacc 'a student of wisdom (leech)', Ériu xx 38 § 28 . … fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 .'… of the men of wisdom (learning)', ZCP xxxi 48 . The following seem to belong to this: cétdruí in domuin ri fath fiss, LL 143a50 . co fáthaib fiss `mit Weisheitssprüchen' (maxims of wisdom) ZCP xi 82 § 24 ; fri fáthaib is fri fogail `prepared against ruses and pillage' Metr. Dinds. iii 110.18 . fath ... .i. gliocas, O'Cl. dán ... as fuamḟoirfe fáth whose meaning is perfected in sound (i.e., perfectly expressed) O'Gr. Cat. 392.13 . pl. bam-sa heól, fri fecht fatha, | do sceól chert in chlíath-átha `through lore of battles' Metr. Dinds. iii 314.3 . furiud fáth `succouring sciences' RC xxvi 24 § 88 . tochmarc fáth `wooing science' 22 § 61 . ? fiad fath ` food of learning' 16 § 17 (see 7 fíad). fíad ḟáth 'in the presence of poetic skill', Éigse xxxvii 76 § 3 . ? Eocho flaith na fáth, LL 18a3 .

(d) a composition (?); a maxim, apophthegm (?): fath .i. aisde, O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 308 . `airbhe 'is `fáth 'da ainm d'aside, Metr. Gl., D 52 . cf. ar mo fath .i. ar m'aisti, RC xxvi 24 n. 15 . In composition, gen. in sense (c) with nouns: fáithbéim (a feat of Cú Chulaind) RC xxix 128.5 . Probably a scribal transformation of táithbéim ( LU 5973 . 9293 . 10343 ). ¤bert crafty deed (?): ag feithem ar ḟáthbhertuib Féidlim, ALC i 582.1 = faithbertaib, Ann. Conn. 1316 § 3 (ref. to the proceedings of an enemy). ¤chomairle wise counsel: fathchomairledha fellsam, MR 296.30 . ¤foghloim: (labrait) iarsin rath ┐ iarsin f.¤ , Anecd. v 25 n. 22 . ¤foras: fáthfhoras focal `mystic import of words' (?) Ir. Review 1913, 595 § 11 . ¤gleó: f.¤ feichemnais `recriminating quarrel' MR 298.13 . ¤imbert: ag fáithimirt ar fi[d]chill, Acall. 1387 . ag fathimirt fithcille, Ériu iii 162.10 . ¤rann `a witty stave' (a quatrain constructed with art ?) Triads 89 (.i. rann fáthach, gl.). ? ¤réim (a feat of Cú Chulaind): fáithréim andiaigh do rannaibh slegh, RC xxix 128.6 . Probably corrupt, cf. fonaidm níad for rindib sleg, LU 10344 . ¤rún figurative, mystical meaning: gurab é is f.¤ di (sc. a dream), TSh. 66 .

With adj.: ¤bertach: do roinn sé go f.¤ cách `with fore-sight' (cleverly ?) Duan. F. i 13.27 . ¤chomhairlech wise in counsel MR 214.20 . ¤rannach: ar mo cheird bfathrannaigh (i.e. my poetical calling) ZCP xii 384.5 = Dán Dé xvi 14 . ¤rúnda mystical, figurative: Eochairsg. 28.10 . do-ní Dia bagar go f.¤ san .29. caibidil ag Ieremias, TSh. 7802 .

1 loc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 loc or dil.ie/30411
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m. (Lat. locus)? log lag, IGT Decl. § 69.

I

(a) place (in general, usually inhabited or intended for habitation): log .i. inad, O'Mulc. 16. ab hibernis locis .i. ō locaib imechtrachaib mundi, 700 . locc i mbítis prim-sacairt oc irnigdi, Wb. 10d15 . i ccach lucc i mbet Cristidi olchene, 7d1 . locc rélto et foilsichtho `locality of explaining and manifesting', 12d15 . in l.¤ lesom hic arnaib aitrebthidib (referring to `Sion'), Ml. 144c3 . cia l.¤ sainriud dia regtais gl. in morem pecoris, 99b10 . tri dul isna lucu arda, 23d23 . l.¤ i mbiat arma gl. armamentarium, Sg. 35a13 . i lluc dub dorchu, Fél. March 9 . is fri cathardu ┐ eclaisi domiditer luicc .i. primluic, p. 2.5 . alaili locc ná ranic int uisci (in a house), Trip.² 119 . Temair . . . cech locc as mbí aurgnam dēicsi iter mag ┐ tech, Corm. Y 1212. discretus locus .i. log discre[i]tech, 408 . Caisil .i. . . . cīs dobertha ō feraib Ērenn cossin luc sin, 391 . i ndorus eccalsa . . . i lluc lére `a place of piety', Ériu iii 100 § 25b . lāifitir la rī[g] grēine / a l.¤ pēine fadeoid (of Hell), 30 § 11 . ructha Pól cu locc in díchennta, PH 1869 . ro-aittrebam isna hinata sin ┐ na lucca iar-sin, 757 . dia pecdaige nech i llocc airithe, issed is techta dó imgabail in luic-sin, ┐ dul i llocc aile do aithrige ind, 6454 .

(b) Extended applications. dwelling (place), habitation: inna diamri no inna imdoirsea inna l.¤ cossecarthae gl. domorum claustra, Ml. 92d5 . locc umdaingen umat cona ōendorus, ZCP iii 29 § 4 . roba locc do Dia in cride-sea, ACL iii 232.31 . for cubus cáich inna lucc `each in his cell', Ériu iii 100 § 26 . di cech rét etir locc ┐ ēdach ┐ dig ┐ bīad, ZCP iii 29.2 . plot of ground, site : logg di ṡubuip, K. and H. 21 . asbert Fiacc . . . nand rigad con tísed Patricc do thoorund a luic lais ┐ dia choisecrad ┐ co mbed húad nu ggabad a l.¤ , Thes. ii 242.6 (Ardm.). dochuaidh Fursa . . . d'iarraidh luic ┐ ionaid i ngébadh, RC xxv 388 § 1 . luid tar lār luic / īar mbēimmim chluic caillech combrass, ZCP xi 149 § 7a . Of ships, anchorage: do chuireadar amach . . . a laoidheanga as a leapthaibh ┐ as a lógaib leathna, ML 44.26 . Of a defensive position or precinct: seacht ngadhair do ghadhraibh puill / leis gach laoi im lug an anaim, Aithd. D. 50.25 (cf. toghla an chraoi, 24 ). lucht fill nach lá im log / gá dtá sinn dar slad besieging me, 52.19 . Of a place or spot on the body: ma gorith l.¤ cith ine chuis nú ine láim, Thes. ii 245.36 (Cambr.) (loch, MS.). tanic . . . fuil . . . a lluc in crechta moir-sin amach, PH 145. Of literary works, etc. place of origin or composition, etc.: cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser ┐ persa ┐ fáth airicc place, time, author and occasion, Fél. 2.1 . locc don laidse Teamair, Laws i 2.1 . l.¤ dī (i.e. don Táin) cētamus lige Fergusa . . . āitt in rohadnucht, ACL iii 3.2 . l.¤ do Seanchus hi samradh ┐ i fogmur [Teamuir] . . . ┐ Raith Guthaird . . . a l.¤ a ngeimrid ┐ a n-errach, Laws i 2.5 (the place where it was taught?). position (of words, letters, etc.): réil aersoilcthe beoil oca fogur isind luc-sin `manifest in the opening of the mouth at the sound of it in that position' (i.e. the position of m as the initial of a word), Sg. 14a16 . dia luc fadesin no do luc infinite gl. nomina videntur esse quae tamen loco infinitiuorum ponuntur, 154b1 . is beoaigti [is]ind luc-sa in fechtnach `in this passage', Hib. Min. 452 . in titail saingnusta adfesar do suidib ar cind inna llocaib sainredhchaib `in their special places', 290 . Of the sun: ro thaitne . . . in grian . . . fri re dí laithe cen gluasacht asin oenluc, LB 124 § 39. Of position in order: is fisid cid armad locc conesta ar tús, ┐ aimser isin lucc thanaisi, ┐ persan isin tres lucc, Fél. 2.3 . immaircidhi dano cidh isin caecatmadh lucc no beith in psalm n-aithrighe `that the psalm of repentance should be in the fiftieth place', Hib. Min. 204 . isin cuiced lug, Laws iii 70.z Comm .

II

(a) hollow, pit, ditch : is si ro ḟossaigh a chenn fri cloich . . . co nderna in chloch luicc ┐ cnuic ina chiunn, Cóir Anm. 273 . ro padar lana na sligthe ┐ na luic comfachraibe don ṡneachta, RC xlvi 235 § 6 . dorinne B. locc dia sail . . . ┐ do líon an bráon an locc, BNnÉ 179 § 34 . boi . . . locc mbecc . . . cechtar a dí leccoin a dimple, LB 148b33 . a lag a dhá súl, Duan. F. i 78.45 . srut[h] . . . ag imtecht . . . isna loguibh sin `ditches', ZCP vi 284.16 (equated with díg, 14 ). an uair bhíos dall a ccionn daill, tuited araon sa lag (in foveam, Matthew xv 14 ), Mac Aingil 4645 . cuirthear an lacht . . . i log ar lár an mhachaire `hollow', Keat. ii 1740. Fig. is log dómhain bēul na mban ccoimhthightheach `a deep pit', Proverbs xxii 14.

(b) burial place, grave : dona llocaib inro hadnaicit, LB 181b2 . co n-aurslaic in l.¤ a mbo (sic) Petar apstal hi Roim, Harl. 5280, fo. 36a (cited from O'Mulc.). fuarumar iarum tri luccai tra isin adnocul . . . .i. Stephanus isin cetna lucc, PH 1583 - 4 .

III In prepositional and adverbial phrases, i luc in place of, instead of: hi luc ranngabála gl. participii officio, Sg. 193b2 . co nducad b inná l.¤ `and b was put in its place', 17a5 . hi luc posit atá ego hic, 45a14 . corop `subsequens' tí i ll.¤ `precedentis', Lib. Hymn. i 64.56 . indles imorro do forbaid dib dul i lloc araili `for any accent of them to go in place of another', Auraic. 822 . totinsma daerchland ic dul / i ll.¤ saerchland re slonnud, LL 17906. Cf. do luc inna n-anmman inchoisc ceníuil `(in place) of the names of cognition', Sg. 28b4 . a lluc i lloc from place to place : for fainiul a lluc i lluc, LU 250 . rochumscaig Patraic a lluc hi ll.¤ , Trip. ii 396.30 . In the same sense, ó luc do luc: ō luc do lucc iter utmaille ┐ labhrai, Corm. Y 422.

In nn. loc. Lag an aonaigh, AFM i 22 n.u . Lag odhar, Reeves Ad. 429 . Lag an dobharchon, ibid.

Compds. With noun. ¤aimser (a dvandva compd.) place and time : comad hē so a logaimser, YBL 219b36 (see Wortk. 130 § 1 ). is e immorro ord fil isin libur so .i. a brollach ar tus ┐ a l. post, BB 299b41 .

With adj. ¤lán chock-full: tegh osda loclan do oig[edha]ibh, Aisl. Tond. 101 § 5 . glennṡuili loclīatha `grey-pitted', CCath. 4024 . ¤mór deep: go ndearntaoi láthair logmhór do shoicheadh ós cionn a ghlún dó ┐ do cuirthí innte é, Keat. ii 5198.

mellaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mellaid or dil.ie/31902

 

Forms: melta, comella, mellad

v ā. (<3 mell?) beguiles, seduces, deceives (by flattery, fair promises, etc.): a Eua, rot-mellustar inti rot-mell i Partus, MacCarthy 66.17 ( LB 112b38 ). no melltais na dee bréce na doine, uair mellaid demuin tria eladain in drém, PH 1949. déntar airechus nach mella in ceól sídi sinn, Fianaig. 58.8 . mellfaid Zacharias sind, LB 144a42 . mellaid in tsraid gel griananach fer frimeolach (leg. prím-) a bright road with sunny bowers beguiles (even) a man of great experience, ACL iii 234 § 12 . is e Manchin melltais [de] | don chochlín they wheedled M. out of the little cloak, MacCongl. 109.26 . rot-mellad-su deside, RC xiii 110 § 152 = LL 307b9 (`thou art cozened in the bargain', SG ii 423 ). ní mealloim mná I wile no women, Duan. F. i 80.31 . an dream mheallas lé cluanaireacht (= quos blanditiis decipit), TSh. 7784. meall é entice him, Judges xvi 5. With transference of obj.: dá mealltáoi . . . na háith . . . oramsa `if the fords were forced against me' (i.e. if I were beguiled), Ériu ix 4.25 . Part. is melta Nede dont ṡuide i ndessid N. is deceived by the chair in which he has seated himself, LL 186b16 ( RC xxvi 15 n. 6 ). misi féin as meallta dhe sin muna ḟédur if I do not deceive myself I can do it, Acall. 982. Fails, disappoints: nim-reilge an Rí, . . . ní nom-mella, ZCP v 497.14 . in glún geal | nachar meall lúgh d'a lingfeadh which never failed (him in) any athletic feat, Ériu iv 218 § 23. ? nir cian disi co melladh a maigistir i ngach elathain , ZCP vi 24.10 = comella, RC x 187.19 (`she surpassed her master', ZCP, taking vb. as from millid).

vn. mellad u, m. enticing, wheedling, seducing, deceiving: mín alaind tic diabul do m.¤ chaich, PH 7247. da coimedair-se do genmnaidect . . . gan melludh do breith ort without being overtaken by any beguilement, BCC § 64. do mhealladh a chomharsan, TSh. 10342. ar daigin meallta with intent to deceive, Laws v 132.18 Comm. laoithe meallta `songs of flattery', A. Ó Dálaigh v 2 . obair mheallta, Proverbs xi 18. iomdha ainnir . . . ag iarraidh mo mheallta uait seeking to lure me from thee, Dánta Gr. xv 7 . In astronomical computation a deception, i.e. `leap' of the moon = Lat. saltus: dá melladh dég .i. dá tsaltus dég, O'Gr. Cat. 301.7. na sé cét meallta the first six deceptions, ib. 13 . Disappointing, failing: is m.¤ dún a héc co facbad tir occund it is a disappointment to us that he should die before leaving us land, BColm. 24.9 . na dena snim don m.¤ tugad fort the disappointment you have experienced, Aen. 1189. robadh mealladh mór dó muna dearnadh sídh friu-sumh, AFM v 2334.10 . gan meallad without fail (of the stars), ITS xiv 6.20 . Betraying, being false to: espuig . . . ag meallad a ngráidh, ZCP viii 209 § 49.