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ágmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ágmar or dil.ie/701

 

adj o, ā (2 ág)

(a) warlike, valorous: rob ághmar é, Cóir Anm. 100 . Eogan agmar innsaighthech, Fen. 398.17 . fer . . . aghmur fri hionnsaighidh brave to attack, AFM vi 1996.2 . le fíanaib ágmura airmderga Ērenn, Fianaig. 52.2 clanna agmara Israel, BB 239b30 . á.¤ in t-áth Áth Commair, Metr. Dinds. iv 42.27 . Ailech á.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . oll-chath á.¤ , MR 180.z . Compar. triar aile bud ágmaire, Ériu v 223.56 .

(b) dangerous, terrible (cf. 3 ág): eóin etecha ingnecha ágmara, LU 2422 . neithi imdha agmura adhuat[h]mura, CCath. 5913 . tuc . . . .xxx. crecht n-ághmur n-inothrais ar a cheile, Acall. 6967 . Compar. mar . . . is ágmaire ┐ is aigbeli . . . ro fédadar a n-airig , MR 222 .y .

aicher

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicher or dil.ie/787

 

adj o, ā (Lat. acer, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 229 , see also Vendr. Lex.). Also achar. sharp, keen, fierce: aicher .i. ab eo quod est acer .i. lainn nō tin[d] nō trēn, Corm. Y 11 . acar .i. aichear ┐ aichear .i. gér, O'Cl. is acher in gáith innocht, Thes. ii 290.4 . nībo fri óigthea acher (.i. fergach no feochur), 328.9 (Hy. v). aithesc aicher, Metr. Dinds. iii 58.46 . siniudh creite impudh a.¤ crocind gergairg, Anecd. i 55 § 40 . acher tra in gres rolaset, LL 403a29 . forgomh amhnas a.¤ do ghae, AFM vi 2216.2 . idu achar (: -athar), Metr. Dinds. iv 2.17 . i nIthu achar (: athar) `in keen [Mag] Itha', Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 30 . gnīm n-achar, 71 § 21 . Of persons: Eogan acher bruth, Rawl. 84a33 . Fiangal find Ailill acher (.i. garg), LL 311c36 . As adv. iachtais co acher ar a sargud do Bresal, LL 358 marg. sup. ba haicher ainmin . . . ro feradh in caitgleo-sin, CCath. 6007 .

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

áilid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áilid or dil.ie/1021

 

v (áil)

(a) In forms of address: a Chommdiu non-áiliu `o Lord whom I entreat', Fél. Ep. 559 . Osualt nóeb ṅáilme `holy Oswald whom we implore', Aug.5. epscop Iacob . . . non-áilem, July 14 . not álim a Chorán, LU 10011 . ailiu (.i. cluintí) Dia, dirged mo set, Laws i 10.15 . ailiu (.i. alim) iath ṅHerend, LL 1634 . Eber alius (.i. ro alius), 1653 . See 4 aill.

(b) requests, entreats: sic ailes som fordiuclaim . . . inna námat, Ml. 104b5 . ailme trocoiri [De], Trip.² 3092 . áilsi P. . . . ara tailced maccu C. `P. besought him to let back C.'s sons', Thes. ii 240.22 (Ardm.). āilfithuss F. `F. shall demand it', Ériu xvi 146.17 . ailsius A. A. demanded it, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 17 § 8 . áiltius n-écces go líon bertus, Ériu xiii 41.7 .i. guidhe in t-eces iar [n]imat a briathar, O'Dav. 246 . áile laith go meala maith, Ériu xiii 40.20 = ailiu laith lam co meild maith .i. guidhimsi, O'Dav. 1218. 1199 . costud sída .i. álim síd do chách .i. brithemnas do chach, LL 187a41 (cf. RC xxvi 24 ). alid in fer / concerta do chách, LU 8475 ( FB 33 ). concertfa fír foraib / feidm airg ailfes alid, 8487 (ib.). tiagam . . . co ro aileam ar n-eolus i tig ar n-athar, YBL 181a32 . almini a n-itge / náchan tecma drochrann `we pray a prayer to them that an evil lot may not happen to us', Fél. Jan. 10 . ailim th'itchi a Mhaodhoíg mhais, SG 29.34 . aílit na naeimh anti Ruadhan . . . ar co tairsiudh co cutrama friu, BNnÉ 321 § 23 . ailiu uisce co torair muir, O'Dav. 569 . ro ailestar he co ro leced dond arrucht labrad, RC xlvi 236.5 . ail dún co rodilgaithe triut ar tarmthect trogh intercede for us, Ériu i 122.7 . á.¤ x im y asks x for y: áliss P. Dubthach im damnæ nepscuip, Thes. ii 241.7 (Ardm.). ailthus Eogan imm esomon E. prays them for a truce, ZCP viii 313.5 . á.¤ x for y asks y for x: ben Adaim alainn nadchres / furri alim mo lanles, SR 1192 . ális Patraic fair ócláig n-álaind, Trip.² 2221 . ronáil fair cona tormaigfed `bound him not to add', Mon. Tall. 150.3 (§ 61) . ised rusáil Finn fuirri, RC xi 129.27 . ro ailsiot na cloimh almsain fair, BNnÉ 325 § 44 .

(c) is entitled to, deserves, requires: ni alet na daine so acht log a notrusa (.i. ni dlegaid), BCrólige 12 . atat .iiii. airig i tuaith alid annlunn . . . amal no[n]dalett miad a fer . . ., 26 . ailid carnai cach aire `every freeman . . . is entitled to fresh meat', ibid. ata .iii.[ar] i tuaith nad ale (.i. na dlig) otrus na fiachu `there are three men . . . who have no right to either nursing or fines', 43 . atá fóessam . . . nad áili acht tri séotu ara c[h]uru bél, Ériu xvii 64 § 4 . ailid nemed trian tora[i]d, Laws iv 186.1 .i. airiltnigid, x Comm. ailid gach rath a somaine, 376.19 . alidside taurgille nairib (bees), 162.1 . ma dosraid nech do gort ┐ ma alaid aithgin `? if it (the trespass) is entitled to restitution', (Plummer MS. notes), i 182.9 Comm.

airgnaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgnaid or dil.ie/2054

 

adj = airgnae: ergnaid fid .i. edad . . . is don crunn crit[h]aig is ainm ergnaid fid, Auraic. 5589 . i nAiliuch ergnaid (: Temraig), Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 25 . d'Erind eargnaidh, BB 33a51 . hi cind nói mblíadan n-ergnaid (: Temraich), Ériu iv 94 § 12 . tri chóicait airel n-ergnaid, Metr. Dinds. i 32.51 . robo ergnaid os roí rebraid ar a roblaid, iv 106.62 . in mac . . . / ┐ inn ingen ergnaid, iii 106.36 . auctair ergnaide, SR 50 (perh. rather pl. of érgnaid). In n.pr. maicc Augein Aurgnaid, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 12 § 2 = Irgnaith, O'Mulc. 606 . Augen Urgnaid .i. Eogan uasal gnimach, LL 378b33 . earghnaidh .i. uasalghniomhach, O'Cl. Cf. érgnaid.

airtharsna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airtharsna or dil.ie/2427

 

(tarsna) usually as adv. across, athwart, crossways, obliquely, transversely: tucastar béim tanaise dó urtharsna obliquely, TBC-LL¹ 1900 . ro ghon L. urtarsna é tre compur a cleb, 2301 . With ar cind facing, to intercept: ba sisi bai urtarrsna ar cind na n-ech, YBL 211b44 . a chur ar cind urtharrsna T. to intercept T., TTebe 892 . dochuaid Aed . . . ┐ Eogan . . . ara cind urtharsna A. and E. crossed their path, Ann. Conn. 1225.17 . As quasi-adj. re h-imad . . . na n-arm n-edarla n-urtharsna, MR 316.18 .

1 anaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anaid or dil.ie/3302
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ainfa, -anéb, -anaeb, -anub, -aineba, ainfaindse, anad, anta

v Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 455 . GOI § 523 . See also Celt. Verb p. 85 ff. IGT Verbs § 73 , § 80 . In early lang. with palatal -n- in fut. and condit., and later also with fut. in -éb-: Fut. 1 s. ainfa, Wb. 14a8 , etc. -anéb, LU 6375 ( TBC-I¹ 1861 ). -anaeb, TBC-LL¹ 2515 . -anub, 2518 . 3 s. -aineba (: ailechu, Celtica xi 95 ), MacCongl. 5.8 . Condit. 1 s. no ainfaindse , Laws i 250.20 etc.

Later also with initial f, see infra.

Vn. anad, vbl. of necess. anta.

(a) stays, remains, abides: intain ronanissiu dom héisse `when thou hast remained after me', Wb. 29d9 . is do inso noainfeda `it is for this thou wouldst have remained', 27d20 . nirransam we have not remained (in that state), 19d6 . luid . . . Fiacha . . . ┐ anaid Fergus, IT i 75.16 . tíagam ar ndís . . . ┐ anat ar n-óic sund, TBFr. 380 . ansait tri lá, 146 . dursan nach anadh anmait, BNnÉ 313 § 5 . do-anusdair Edarcomhal . . . ar eis Fergusa, ZCP viii 551.1 . dá n-ana ar an iul dhíreach if he were to keep to the true knowledge, DDána 58.30 . do anustair an tseisrech ina sesamh, BNnÉ 222.4 . dogebh bas . . . da n-anar mur so co fada, ZCP vi 27.1 . an-sa is L. go réidh `remain quiet you and L.,' Content. xiv 31 . fanaig go mín, Párl. na mB. 424 . Note also: go n-anann fiadhánta remains wild, TSh. 7461 . smuain orra . . . ┐ an ós a cceann go fadsduidérach consider them, Mac Aingil 3929 . Waits for, till (co): ansu . . . co nimparrá in carpat wait . . . till I turn . . ., TBC-I¹ 24 . an biuc . . . corot-aicciller, Sc.M² 9 . ni aned-som co n-indechad, LU 4342 . ainfe co mba sen `thou shalt live to be old', Ériu iii 108 § 54 . nir anatar no co rangatar co . . ., L. Chl. S. 2 . go Beinn Éadair níor hanadh `there was no halt till (they reached) B.,' Content. xxviii 16 . With CEN: roansad-sum gan dul tairis, TTebe 2723 . in tan anmait-ne cen imluad a corp-sum, PH 2059 . an feadh do anfadh gan pheacadh, TSh. 3406 . a.¤ DI or DO adheres to: máthair do fhan dá hiris who stuck to her faith, A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 4 . [anaid] dod chorp . . . / poill na gcló . . ., PBocht 24.18 . anar dá thairngire d'Aodh Oirnidhe, DDána 109.13 . a.¤ FOR (AR) ansait ... forsind fhledugud, TBFr. 146 . decides on, fixes on, agrees to: intan na hantai for cocertad Medba when you do not abide by the decision of M., LU 9003 . anfat-sa fair I shall abide by it, MU² 188 . ni ro-an ┐ nir tairis menma Coluim cilli ar Uib Neill isin cath sin did not remain fixed on the O'Neills(?), RC xxiv 52 § 11 . do ḟanadar ar leith Eireann do léighean uatha do Eóghan, ML 66.9 . is é ní ar ar fanadh againn this is what we have decided on, Maguires of F. 17 . conadh fair ro hanadh leó fó dheóidh `they finally agreed upon', AFM vi 2334.17 . mar bhanaighne is ort anaim I am content with thee, PBocht 14.36 . is dearbh liom nach anfá ar mh'inghin mar mhnaoi phósta `thou wouldst not be content with', Keat. iii 2793 . geallais go n-anfadh ar a thoil feadh a ré `promised that he would do his will', 835 . na han ar inmhe as lugha / ná ar thabhaigh `be not satisfied with any less fortune than . . .', Aithd. D. 8.34 . a.¤ FRI (RE, LA) waits for : níruanus fris, Wb. 14d29 . an frim céin córda sille wait for me till I look at them, LU 3807 ( SCC 37 ). cid frisin n-anaid and? anmai . . . frisin n-id n-ucut we wait because of yonder withe, 4738 (TBC). dia nana fria . . . muna[b] an do beir fiacha inn, Laws ii 52. x Comm. an rim a rí richid, LL 374c19 . niro ansom . . . ri cungid clochi he didn't wait to look for a stone, LL 14430 . anais Eōgan fria, ML² 416 . re freagra d'fhagháil do an, DDána 5.21 . do anamar le comairle n-Dé, BNnÉ 49 § 32 . a.¤ I N-: ni roan indi cuse / sín na snigi . . ., Thes. ii 292.16 (Hy. ii). ni anand sai i son, Laws v 2.8 Comm. dá n-antá rinn i modh cheart `had you acquiesced as we do in the truth', Content. v 84 . an feth anfuidhi a n[b]ar pec[th]aib féin, ni fuil ecla acainne romaib, Maund. 123 . do an féin san bhfearann gcéadna, Keat. ii 354 . fan am fochair si, Judges xvii 10 . corruanat inna arrad, Ml. 42a4 . a.¤ LA stays with: acht ni ainfed liumsa, Wb. 32a11 . Cf. 7a17 . anis iii aithgi la suide `it remained three nights with him', Thes. ii 242.14 (Ardm.). anaid iarsin ind athgabail la fer do dobeir a forus the distress remains with the man who puts it in a pound, Laws ii 128.24 Comm. a.¤ ó remains away from, avoids: cionnus úaidh dofhanfainn-si?, Ériu ix 4.z . ni anand o creicc m'indmais, Three Hom. 64.8 . ná han uaithi (of repentance), Mac Aingil 554 . do fhan dé Domhnaigh ó Aifreann, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 6 . a.¤ OC stays with: anais sechtmain occai, Trip.² 1246 . ind ainfedea oca `wouldst thou abide there', Mon. Tall. 134.8 (§ 19) . is tall anas oca, Laws i 212.8 Comm. an accamsa i n-oighreacht t'athar, BNnÉ 292 § 10 . tearc iadhadh aga n-anann few bonds hold it (of the body), PBocht 12.15 . ionnus nar an aige acht seacht mba until he had only seven cows left, Keat. ii 4692 . ní anann aithne ná úrlabhra . . . aige, Párl. na mB. 3661 . tuigim nách anfadh aguinn / aoradh an óig . . . / . . . / ó ḟolaibh airdríogh Éirionn `I know that the satirizing of the warrior . . . would not be left unpunished by the kindreds of the high kings . . .', TD 23.22 . continues: issindí nad ran oc precept did not continue preaching(?), Wb. 14d30 . aoibhneas ag nach anfaidhe / a dhaoirmheas ní dlighfidhe pleasure which is not persisted in(?), PBocht 19.20 . abides by, holds by: do anudair ag foirm cheathruir ┐ is iad so an ceathrar ar ar anadar `they agreed to abide and submit to the decision of four persons', ML 180.y . ní bhacfadh tuar a thighe / dá n-antar ag uan Muire, PBocht 12.24 .

(b) resists, withstands (FRI): is é imsním fa mó ag na míledhaib nach anta (= antaí) re [a] n-imresnaib that the enemy would not wait their attack at close quarters, Caithr. Thoirdh. 75.28 . fris a n-irgail ní hantoir nobody withstands him in battle, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 29 . ní h-anthar ris á rind gliad, Hy Fiach. 294.1 . nir hanad annsin ac Mumnechaib re huruad mec inn Ardrig `the M. did not stand their ground, through fear of the Highking's son', Ann. Conn. 1225.17 .

(c) ceases, stops, desists: ánanas `when it ceases', Ml. 71b5 . intan . . . nunanad when it came to rest (the cloud over the Ark), 83a4 . trisnacemmen inandais, 133b4 . an ná toirche dom thadhall stop, PBocht 3.41 . anadh an uaill let pride cease, 6.36 . ro ansat na drochdoene / o ro marbhtha a ceile evil people have desisted, Misc. Hib. 17 § 5 ( LL 19075 ). Of sound, etc.: anat for mbriathra bági cease your boastful words, LU 8425 ( FB 29 ). ansat na hegme, 1907 . anait begg tra . . . na cruitiri, TBFr. p. 17 § 11 . co cend se ṁbliadna déc ni ro an gol na crith leo i n-Ultaib did not cease, IT i 77 § 16 (LMU). a.¤ DI desists from, gives up: na anam di dénum maith, Wb. 20c14 . nícon ainiubsa (conainib MS) dut moladsu, Ml. 53b8 . iarsindi ronan hua céin di aisndis dun popul after he had ceased for a while from speaking of the people, 126b1 . de molad Dé ni anad, Thes. ii 315.1 (Hy. ii). anait dint shenmaim, TBFr. 122 . nicon aniubsa dib i.e. I won't refrain from killing you, TBC-I¹ 2886 . nócon ainfe ingrimm ┐ acrae díib co bráth, Trip.² 2217 . níro ansat do silid, 792 . conrana (leg. cor-rana, ed.) don dualaich sin until he can give up that vice, Ériu vii 162.6 . o ra ansad don merugud `when they ceased from straying', RC xxiv 196.9 . noco roscar na scela / ni ro an dia abéla, LL 375a41 . a.¤ oc desists from: nocho n-antais cei[n] no antais occa treghdagh, Anecd. i 67 § 145 . lucht an indluig ni anat / ag éccnach a n-eascarat, Ériu iv 212 § 2 . nir anais . . . ic a dénum, PH 8119 . ní anat an énlaith sin ac canainn cíuil, RC xxiv 379.23 . dá n-anta ga n-iongabháil, Aithd. D. 36.31 . níor an 'gá chuinghidh . . . gur . . ., Dán Dé ii 7 . nā han ag atach Rīgh nimi, ZCP vi 272 § 14 . ni anann an fhairgi co brac ac linadh ┐ ac tragad, Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.5 . ní anann acht oc does not cease to: nach anann acht agar sgras-ne, Fier. 87 . ní anann sé acht ag senmóir, Dán Dé xxii 1 . ni antais acht ag aslach na nGaoidheal, Hugh Roe 308.25 (fo. 80b) . a.¤ AR desists from: nír an dá éise ar a fhuath . . . go bhfríoth aisde lé mar luach she did not cease to hate him, PBocht 27.26 .

ánrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ánrad or dil.ie/3757
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: anrada, anrai, ánradh, ánrath

n o, m. Note also g s. anrada, Laws v 112.28 Comm. and perh. n p. anrai, Celt. Rev. iv 206.13 . ánradh, ánrath m., IGT Decl. § 11 .

(a) poet of the second order, next in rank to an ollam (see Bürgschaft 14 ): ānrud nomen secundi gradus poetarum .i. srut[h] án in chāinmolta ūad ┐ sruth ina mmōine chuige tar a n-ēisi, Corm. Y 40 . anruth .i. sruth cain molta uadh ┐ sruth indbais do, Laws iv 358.21 Comm. rigbard ┐ anruth bairdne, IT iii 5.9 . seacht ngradha filedh: ollamh, anradh . . ., 112.14 . secht ngraid file .i. éces, ansruth, cli . . ., Laws iv 356.28 . anruth . . . ar cetharda asberar .i. ar aíne a forcedail etc., 4 Comm. fichi set do anrud ┐ biathad da fear dec, ┐ turtugud cuig la dec, v 68.17 . .xxx. i cléir cac olloman ┐ a xu. i cléir cach anraid., LU 302 . ní h-ármiter na fosceóil sin acht do chethri grádaib tantum .i. ollam ┐ anrath ┐ cli ┐ cano, LL 189b51 . adbretha anraidh, IT iii 31.20 . craeb airgdide uaso, uair issed no bíd uasna hanrothaib. Craeb óir . . . uasna ollamnaib, RC xxvi 10.z . do scoil ollaimh nó ánraith (:dánboith), IGT Decl. ex. 354 . Compd. ? ¤-bard: anruth bairdne (anradhbhard v.l.), IT iii 5 § 2 .

Of other professions: umaide ┐ cerda ┐ lega . . . nochanuil ni dia nansrothaib, O'Curry 323 ( H 3.18, 178a ) = da tanaisdibh, Laws v 94.y Comm. in tollam cruitiri ┐ timpanaidh ceithre bai a neineclann cechtarde dib ni fil ni dia nansrothaib acht screpall, O'Curry 324 (ib. 178b ).

(b) Name of noble next in rank to king (see Bürgschaft loc. cit.): cadeat tra imdegla fechemon ar nadmaim . . . ? Ata triar dod-n-eim la Féniu . . . .i. ansruth ┐ daul (= dál) ┐ a[e]nach. is é ansruth imid-ndich .i. ansruth a athir ┐ a tsenathir ┐ ansruth fadesin. ar ní ansruth cert oinfer hi si[n] the kind of a.¤ who protects him is one whose father and grandfather were a.¤ 's and who is himself an a.¤ , for a single man (one generation) is not a sufficient a.¤ for this purpose, Bürgschaft 13 § 45 . ansruth .i. fer imdith a mennut ┐ a crich an a.¤ is a person who defends his home and the territory of his people, Laws iv 348.20 Comm. ( Bürgschaft 14 ). anruth .i. ardnaiscidh, ni nascar fair, amail ro gab rig erenn, 358.19 Comm. (he binds but is not bound as is the case with the king of the Érainn, Thurn. Bürgschaft 14 ). airi fine [idna, ansruth], dae, 344.3 .

(c) hero, warrior, champion: bress Elggae, anblod ānruth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 2 . anblod, anreth (.i. anruth), § 3. duthain cach ānroth, ACL iii 229.z . archu anrath (leg. ánruith), CIH iv 1390.24 . arcu ánrada, 1522.25 . ac marbad in arcon anraith, i 320.17 ( EIF 116 ). inanchinged .i. inanroith (g s.), Fél.² xlv gl. 25 . Ailech ágmar rogab ānrath airech Eōgan , Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . la ánrathu, LL 31033 ( TTr. 214 ). eter erredaib ┐ ánrathaib, LU 10281 . ní rega . . . condit roib cáemtecht di ánrodaib Ulad, 4863 = ānrothaib, TBC-I¹ 375 ( TBC-LL¹ 879 ). re hucht na n-ánrath, Studies 1921, 419 § 12 . óig ┐ anraidh na h-Easpáine, ML 44.6 . damhsaibh ┐ danradhaibh, AFM vi 1876.13 . co ndruing do anradaibh ┐ maithibh oile amaille fris, ii 1026.10 . As n.pr. Ánruth Mór macc Amairgin, CRR 46 § 40 . See Jn. Celt. Stud. i 130 - 131 .

ar-áili

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-áili or dil.ie/3954

 

Forms: eráil

v early form of eráilid. Us. depon. in pret. and perf. See ZCP xxii 135 - 137 and Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 676 .

(a) enjoins, urges an action etc. on (for) a person: nech fodordai . . . ┐ aridaile for nach n-aili `anyone who murmurs . . . and who prompts another to do so', Ériu vii 162 § 7 . issed chetarráli diabul for Adam `it was this sin . . . that the Devil first prompted in Adam', 164.5 . conéráli debuid forsna hanchraidi `so that it causes strife [even] among anchorites', 164 § 11. inti arali mesca `he who causes his tipsiness', 146.z.

(b) induces, causes, brings about: ba hé aridralastar `he it was that had arranged(?) it', Thes. ii 318.3 . in Satan aridralastar (arítralastar, MS) insin dot astad etir tuaid `who has arranged(?) that', Ériu ii 222.6 (cf. iii 207). demmun aridralistar sin, Mon. Tall. 153.27 (§ 66) . ised a[ri]drali (sic leg., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 676 ) `has caused it', Mon. Tall. 149.8 (§ 59) . cía cruth aralad sin, Trip. 28.21 . cía cruth arrálad a thabairt ass, TBFr. 328 . níba meth n-einig dúnn . . . tucht arandálfarsa the way I shall manage it, 193 . ara ralastair mo ri `my king prepared it' (of miracle of loaves and fishes), Blathm. 131 . ba millsiu cach biud fo mil / araralad mac Usnig, IT i 78.16 `sweeter was . . . what the son of U. had contrived', LMU² (see note). dia glēodh dūs . . . cia ro-s-aralta `how they were arranged(?)', Ériu viii 156.22 . Eogan . . . ro rīgad / ūaig ar rálad ri ré da fichet būan blīadan perfectly has it been settled for a period of forty years(?), Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 2 . Cētain Find feb ro fīrad / cētaīn Cūscraid arrāllad (`who was slain'), Jn. Celt. Stud. i 84 § 15 . ? pass. sg. or depon. 2 s. (see St. fr. Táin and ZCP xxii 135 - 137 ) ni maith arrailter (airrailter, LU) in macroth (macrad LU), TBC-I¹ 401 ( LU 4889 ). ? tossach miarli malartcha árrali maith mesrugud moderation effects good(?), LL 345b 38 = araile maith mesrugud, Anecd. iii 16 n.11 . adroāirle hūë Bricc būaidriss has caused confusion, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40 § 8 . Note also: ni maith far-arlith in cath., TBC-LL¹ 2760 = nofichid, TBC-I¹ 2059 .

Vn. eráil.

1 art

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 art or dil.ie/4321

 

n [o, m.] ` bear ', GOI 116 . Wortk. 43 . Usually fig. of a hero: is hé in leo lond . . . is é in t-a.¤ amnas agsidi forrges gail, TBC-LL¹ 5406 . Eochu a.¤ arachridethar cathrai, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 1 (.i. uasal, LL). cāine airt, 27 § 1. ha.¤ hān fēal fuirri . . . Ailill, Ériu xvi 146.23 . artt læchda Liphi, ZCP xii 235 § 53 . Eogan mac Néill, a.¤ mōr monaid, ZCP viii 299.33 . ardri Alpan a.¤ arand, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 20 . a.¤ athnertach ind ūabair Flathbertach, § 19. a inis na n-a.¤ , Gadelica 12 § 9 . For a.¤ fine see 1 ard. Note also: darchinnius . . . mo chuib / ar chribais (.i. ar muicc) illeirg ar a.¤ (.i. feoil) / daceird, IT i 162.4 . a.¤ .i. feoil, P. O'C. a.¤ ┐ alt limb, member, an article, ib. Compd. ¤-amas: ar slógh n-art-amhas (: ḟaltanas) nÉireann, Content. xii 3 . Frequ. as n.pr., see Corp. Gen. Index.

becán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. becán or dil.ie/5517

 

Forms: becain

n o, m. (bec) IGT Decl. § 35.

(a) a little, small quantity: b.¤ gl. pauxillum, Sg. 14a12 . Études Celt. xi 110. gl. paululus, 48a3 . ar na hernigther mar i mbec, Laws v 476.28 glossed: moran i bail i ndlegar becan, 478.31 Comm. dobeir begán dobeir mórán / is dobeir in fichid marg, SG 287.1 . tucc Dīa sonus for beccān bíd, BColm. 60.16 . morán . . . beagán, 2 Cor. viii 15. so cenn begain aimsiri `in a short while', Stair Erc. 258. begcan dergci innti, Maund. 71. begān glōir do budh mōr neimh a small voice (lit. a little of a voice), ZCP viii 223.6 . le beagán do shásadh, DDána 20.26 . beccán becc íarna thionntúdh = a little after, RSClára 16a . began ┐ én mhile amhain `a little more than one mile only', Mart. Don. May 20. a few, a small number: in becan sa dib these few of them (at end of list), LU 2486 ( RC iv 256 § 25 ). in becan ro batar those few, Cog. 176.29 . cenmotha in beccan Cristaige, LB 154a 33 . tāinic Eōgan begān soc[h]raidi `with a few' (Gloss.), ML² 407. becān do maithib a muinntire, 921 . Eoin Bruinne is a bheagán ban, Dán Dé xx 37 . gluaissit begān buidhne `proceeded with a small company', Fl. Earls 20.10 . lé begán briathar `in a few words', AFM v 1716.10 . As adv. a little, slightly: fri Dísiurt Lóchait antúaid bican ( bicon, TBC-I¹ 772 ), LU 5249. codail begán begán beg, Duan. F. i 84.1 . iníslighid begān, RSClára 105a . In phr. do b.¤ : in mac taisigh rob ferr do bí i nErinn do beagan that was no doubt the best, AU ii 550.9 . na biadha ┐ na deocha as measa do bheagan (= parum deterior potus aut cibus), 23 K 42 , 22.7 .

(b) little one, child; humble, lowly one: indat blaithe beccain (: Breccáin) `little ones', Fél.² Sept. 4 . becain .i. humiles , cxl . Note also: obsa becan (? of a horse) a little fellow (?), IT iii 68.1 .

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

borb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. borb or dil.ie/6398

 

adj o, ā. See ZCP xxviii 68 - 69 .

(a) foolish, silly, senseless; stupid, ignorant, unlearned; rude, uncouth: dangníid borp gl. stultus fiat, Wb. 8d9 . a galatu burpu gl. O insensati Galatae, 19b4 . is b.¤ dásachtach . . . cech duine o'n gentligecht, PH 724. b.¤ anbfhossad `rude', 727 . adrad na ndee mbalb mb.¤ , 730 . b.¤ ┐ dúr o cridhe (= stolidus ingenio et durus corde), 4656 . is borbb (: ord) nad aithgiuin a cheird ` uncultured ', Ériu ix 48 § 26. is b.¤ nách rofiarfaige / rīchedh an Rīgh, ZCP viii 201.29 . is b.¤ sráinfius cách a clann `it is senseless for anyone to overthrow his children', Fianaig. 74.13 . is b.¤ duid sin da rad rium-sa ` foolhardy ', Stair Erc. 1002. duine b.¤ neimh-leitirda (stultus et insipiens, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 1199. = rudis, 1509 . comad b.¤ fiadh Dia inti legas in Gaedhelg `rude', Auraic. 49. is b.¤ nad léga uncultured, Fél. 188.10 . sé b.¤ brogda bachlachda uncouth , LU 8519 ( FB 37 ). comtinol sloig buirb barbarda . . . do gallaib insi Orc, Cog. 152.14 . Of stone, etc.: mó na ail b.¤ chloche i clud `rough-hewn stone' ( Metr. Dinds. iv 138.31 ), LL 29915. ní slios b.¤ unpolished (?), DDána 119.34 .

In chevilles: míad nad b.¤ , LL 3732. b.¤ in breth, MacCarthy 46.15 .

(b) fierce, rough, rude, violent, harsh; arrogant: lassar b.¤ `fierce flame', PH 2105. lámh as bh.¤ re biodhbhadhaibh, DDána 21a.11 . drong . . . nach b.¤ mbreath `whose decrees are gentle', Studies 1920, 567 § 17 . baránta b.¤ . . . lán do chonfadh catha, TSh. 1072. bríathra borba = grievous words, Proverbs xv 1. buidhne borba, Keat. Poems 1225. do choibsegud . . . in galair buirb ra-s-básaig ┐ ro-s-bánaig `violent sickness', CRR 2. in muir b.¤ baeglach, ML² 672. íoc-luibhe borba (of troubles, hardship, etc.), TSh. 8195. do budh b.¤ ren a brethnugadh co madh tualaing a fhaisneis `it were pride . . . to deem', BCC 431. b., díscir, fuileach `fierce, cruel', Eg. Gl. 99. (in complimentary sense) D. dúin móir / mín beoda b.¤ stern , Caithr. Thoirdh. 49.3 . Prov. b.¤ gach áth bhlaghas a bhruach turbulent (?), DDána 3.36 .

Compar. burbbu borbgnīm mebaid for Ulto fiercest of any fierce exploits, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 48. Fig. is burba an mhuir se na mailíse, TSh. 2067. Adv. co b.¤ severely , Smaointe B. Chr. 2532.

(c) As subst. b.¤ na haineolach `silly . . . person', Laws v 6.11 Comm. a buirb ┐ a aneolaig, PH 2214. a latrandu ┐ a burbu (= uos latrones et stulti, cf. Matthew xxi 12 ), 4530 . b.¤ cráibthech co nanecnu, Ériu i 198.2 . nobuirtís na buirb ` clowns ', TTr.² 1875 . nī mess buirb, ZCP vi 267 § 9. ba lua fri borba (in list of impossible undertakings), BB 419b39 (burbae ?). gorbo saigin buirb ar baoth-mhacaib a mbēimenna, ML² 1731. badach (leg. bágach, ed.) cach b.¤ , ACL iii 228.33 . Of animals: ni mo bar fis no fis na mborp archeana the knowledge of the beasts, YBL 157b21 . fuil b.¤ ainindli a n-aimsir laith `fierce . . . animals', Laws v 152.5 .i. cullaig ┐ tairb ┐ reitheda . . ., 154.28 Comm.

See 1 lúa, lúar, sundelb.

Compds. With nouns (incl. vnn.): borb erlabra (= stultiloquia), PH 6879 , re borb-airlech fierce slaughter, MR 156.10 . rias a mbaoí an boirbbriseadh, AFM v 1646.17 . clochan da borbchon, Acall. 3675. ri borbdigail ar gach nech notuillfed, Fen. 116.5 . is blagh . . .dá bhoirb-éachtaibh . . . máthair gan mhac, TSh. 1168. do borb[ḟ]hrichnum `unskilled service' (in maintaining a mill), Ériu xvii 72.z ( Laws iv 216.22 Comm. ). borbgal na curad, LL 17284 ( RC xlvii 311.z ). Brandub na mborb-gíall, Ériu i 130.26 . ri Firu Bolg ba borbgne uncouth of form, LL 938. bráu borb-leṅg `wild-whirling mill-stone', Metr. Dinds. iv 94.14 . biodhgadh barramhail boirbretha `(he started it off) at a great pace, Ériu v 178.33 . 'na borb-ruathar in a furious onrush, ML 52.33 . a bhille bhig bhoirbsgéalaigh `with rude tidings', Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 3 . ben M. na mborbṡlatt ṁbind of the . . . strong scions, RC xlvii 307.11 . borbtsoillsi na maidhne, ZCP x 305.5 . See stúag. i-ndeirge mborb-tuile . . . `of fierce passions', Laws v 456.27 Comm. séideadh borb-thonn (= spiritus procellarum), TSh. 6197. With n. pr. ag borb-Eōgan , ML² 163. With n. loc. la Dond ṁbrogda ṁborb-Emna, Metr. Dinds. iii 374.2 .

With adjj.: fear bríoghach boirbeódha `fierce and viva- cious', AFM v 1484.15 . With adjj. derived from nouns: co bithnertmur, borbaiccentach ` cruelly ', ZCP vi 32.7 . rucastar bern bruitti borbainbthenach, Caithr. CC 16. an bith [b]orbamsach (ammus ? amus ?), ZCP viii 212 § 60. an mhuir bhorb-bhaoghlach, ML 46.13 . tri trom-gairi borb-buadnusacha `fierce, exulting . . . shouts', MR 178.10 . mucnaid cach borb-chraideach `every dull-minded person is sullen', ZCP xvii 67 § 62. an boirbfreagartach biodhbadh, ZCP x 276 § 2. do [shluagh] bhorbghasda, DDána 87.9 . ina buindeadhaibh borbghloracha, TBC St. 3238. borbpecac (of sacrificing a woman to the Nile), Ir. Astr. Tr. 52.11 . borb-ráitech ` menacing ', MR 194.9 . i srothaibh borbthonnacha, TSh. 1981. na briathra borbuathbasacha sin `wild and terrible words', Aen. 2283.

2 brága

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 brága or dil.ie/6483

 

Forms: brágha, bráighi

n (development of 1 brága. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 129 , O'Brien, Celtica iii 181 ) brágha bráighi f., IGT Decl. § 131. captive, prisoner; hostage: tucsat uile braigde ┐ eidire d'Eōgan , ML² 831. co ruc da bragaid o Thoirrdelbach, RC xviii 174.35 (Tig.). a mbraigte do dithnacol (for thidnacol, n.) . . . do ríg Connacht `hostages', Ann. Inisf. 1120.4 . facbait tra bragait icon errig fri tidecht arís, LB 116a49 . go dtugtha braighde dhó . . . res in chius hostages as security for . . . the tribute, TFrag. 22.6 . gur' gab . . . brage roboi for a cumairce Fechin, RC xii 346 § 41. for iarraid na bragad, ibid. do iarraid na mbraighdedh, 330 § 21 . ag so brágha dheit a Dhé `I surrender, God, to Thee', Dán Dé ix 1 . resin mbrághaid do bhí i láimh, DDána 7.12 . a bhráighe tá i dtor London, 63.1 . céidghin na braighde do bhí san phríosún, Exodus xii 29. cuairt ag braighdibh `to visit . . . the imprisoned', Donlevy 196.1 . rug C. . . . / an liathróid . . . / mur bhrághuid ngill as a pledge, O'R. Poems 1163. fuasccladh . . . asin mbrághait `to pay a ransom . . . on behalf of the prisoner', BNnÉ 88 § 186 . iomdha idh fón mbrághaid-sin, — / is brágha í dá-ríribh !, Dánta Gr. 13.20 .

caut

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caut or dil.ie/8416

 

n .i. cenn, O'Curry 95 ( H 3.18, 67a ). ? Cf. Éogan ān / ēo cautmai (?leg. -aith, Ed.) cāem (c.¤ maith maer, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 204.21 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 60 ).

césaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. césaid or dil.ie/8827
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: césair, chessair, chēsastair, chesatar, chesaiset, cesasait, césad

v Deponent forms in pret. 3 s. ro césair , Fél.² lxxvi 36 . ro chessair , Rawl. 75b33 . ro chēsastair, Corp. Gen. 117.34 . 3 pl. ro chesatar , LL 190 (beside usual: coro chesaiset , 199 . ro cesasait , Blathm. 1021 ). See Watkins, Études Celt. xi 131 ff.

(a) suffers, endures (trans. and intrans.): issnib colnidib . . . ceste saithu, Thes. ii 247.19 (Camb.). int um (= int am) scaras fria thola leo no cessas saithor i ppennit, 7 (ibid.). ce ru (leg. ceni, Celtica xxi 417 ) cesa aini na laubir, 4 (ibid.). cia cheste ar iriss Crist, Wb. 25a10 . is hé rofitir inneuch ro chéssusa, 17d12 . ced torbe dúnni a césme di cach imniud? 13c7 . ni ar oénfer na diis ro cess sed pro omnibus , 4b13 . i ṅGlinn dá loch césta croch, Thes. ii 332.1 ( Hy. v 20 ). ba nú no chésad cech trom di othaig, Lib. Hymn. i 176.471 - 2 (ACC). crist ro ces croich, Blathm. 542 . ar Chríst céssais ríaga, Fél. Feb. 23 . isin ecosc in rochesair (quo passus est), Lat. Lives 97.10 . césfe álag n-encraide, LU 10386 (rhet.). cesfaitit Ulaid rit ré, IT i 70.3 ( LMU 5 ). mad chēss imned `happily has he suffered care', Celtica ii 152 § 7 . ro-chēs tairmthechta īar sin / Ēogan , Sc.M² 21d .

(b) tortures, torments, makes to suffer : do chrochsubair ┐ da chesubair he, YBL 147a4 . in tan do cesad Crist, MacCarthy 304.23 . o fhuil in fíreoin docésabar-si, PH 2946 . sul chéasfaidhear . . . i n-ifreann mé (priusquam . . . crucier), TSh. 6884 . is iontuigthe go gcéastar an toil, 6508 . intinn an tnúthánaicc an tan céastar í lé maith na comharsan, Párl. na mB. 3521 .

Vn. césad.

1 cích

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cích or dil.ie/9038
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cíche, chichib, cīguib, chiigh, ciich, cích, cígh, -e, cích, -e, -a, cich

n Orig. s, n. ( cich ┐ glun a ndemi thepide, Auraic. 1852 ). Later m. and f. g s. and n p. cíche. d p. chichib, Anecd. i 4.2 ( SCano 80 ). Perh. orig. s, n., but cf. d p. cīguib, Corm. Y 145 . Note also n s. chiigh, Cáin Ad. 8 , n du. dā ciich , 3 . cích cígh f. (g s. -e), IGT Decl. § 39 . m. (g s. cích, -e, -a), § 46 .

(a) pap, (the female) breast : cich haec mamma , Ir. Gl. 100 . mo c[h]iche cen loimm, Todd Lect. vi 83.6 . immacossaitiub dá c.¤ cacha óenmná (threat of Bricriu), LU 8089 ( FB 6 ). dī cīch mnā nochlōitis leis (of Bricriu), ZCP viii 218.12 . ba cenn mna nō dā ciich noberthe i tasilbhath, Cáin Ad. 3 . di chich a mathar Finnchoime, IT i 142.18 . dac[h]ōdar mo chíghi-si i ndīsca, Cáin Ad. 8 . a ciche do taitnemh amail t-snechta, Lism. L. 3337 . a boill imellacha ┐ a cighi, Rosa Angl. 90.25 . delb mna o cichaib suas (of monster), TTebe 523 . ár mbrollach ┐ ár ccíocha leis breasts exposed, Párl. na mB. 562 . Of womens' supplication: nochtaid a cithi ris ┐ a n-ochta ┐ i n-urbruindi, ZCP viii 538.18 . tancatar uli máthrecha . . . ┐ a ciche nochta, PH 393 . cíche ar mná gaoil gá ghuidhe (Mary), DDána 7.9 . Of male: fo ch.¤ curad, Sc.M² 15 . eter a dí ch.¤ (of the Cyclops), Mer. Uil. 61 . da ghreamaigh . . . / fá bhun a dhá chích an t-athach mór, Oss. vi 202.16 . Of pierced breast or heart of Christ: a luibh leighis créachta an chígh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 5 . fa ghoin an chígh a chead, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . do chuir don chrondsa an chíogha / fondsa díona vm fhuil ébha this spear which wounded the heart(?), Carswell 246.5 .

Of breast (heart) as seat of emotions: cíoch maithmheach na maighdine, PBocht 17.24 . breitheamh an chígh chruaidh `sternhearted judge', A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 10 . a labhairt chle 'na chighsin `his breast is full of evil words' (of critic), Ó Bruad. ii 236.z .

Applied to persons in metonymy: a ch.¤ na nóiden (of Mary), Trip. clxvi 10 . cīocha na heaguilsi (of the Apostles), Mac Aingil 4878 .

(b) In phrases indicating attesting of loyalty, allegiance, good faith, etc. by sucking the breasts of recipient (cf. Hiberno-Latin sugere mammellas, O'Brien, Études Celt. iii 372 - 3 ). iss esside abac dide a chichesom fergusa ┐ gaba(i)s a gruaide i nnairide a anacuil `this was the dwarf who sucked his, F.'s, breasts . . . as a token of (asking) quarter', Ériu xvi 38 § 5 (cf. xi 95). Less explicitly: trí meinistri (`halidoms') fer Féne .i. c.¤, grúad, glún, Triads 63 . fir ciche ┐ gruaide, nime ┐ talman guarantee of breast and cheek, etc. , Rawl. 132a31 ( Cymmr. xiv 112.7 ). ratha cuibse ┐ ciche ┐ cride, LL 4941 . ata mor dona doinib / fo chichib macni n-Oeda bound in friendship (loyalty), Anecd. i 4.2 ( SCano 80 ). caradradh do cholna .i. cairdes cíche ┐ glúine, Ériu xiii 45.22 . Hence c.¤ in special sense of covenant : ná bris chíg, na briss cairdess, TBC-LL¹ 3508 . bāithfidear cīch ┐ cot(h)ach, ZCP viii 195 § 4 .

(c) Other phrases. With vbs.: si oc tabairt a ciche do (of Mary), Todd Lect. vi 49.7 . co tartur mo chiigh dō, Cáin Ad. 8 . Note also: riú-so is sínte súgh do chíogh (addressed to Ireland), Hackett² xxxvi 150 . a gait de cígh to wean her, Vita Br. 5 . bentair L. da chich, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.8 . mo ch.¤ rosibh fed at my breast, Todd Lect. vi 82.9 . do chíogh an uime do ibh? (: ríogh), Dán Dé xv 6 . a cíghe do dheol, Arch. Hib. i 85 § 2 . With prep.: ┐ Laigh mac Sriangabra ar cich leó being suckled, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.2 . noídin . . . Catar for c.¤ , Éigse vi 118.24 . maic a mbroind is maic ar chīch, ZCP v 25 § 10 . rí na cruinne ar a cíchibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 3 . Note also: for oenghlún ┐ oench.¤ ro alta ┐ Eogan he and E. were fosterbrothers, SG 310.15 . rod n-alt . . . éseom ┐ tri meic ind ríg i n-óenchliab ┐ for áench.¤ , LU 1666 .

(d) Attrib. gen. a bhuime chígh an Choimdheadh `nurse' (of Mary), Dán Dé xv 8 . banaltra cíodh Rígh ghil na glóire, Párl. na mB. 2012 . cuisle an chíogha `mother's arm' (i.e. Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh xi 13 . fola in misa ciche the suckling month, O'Curry 1876 ( 23 P 3, 21 (23)a ). leanabh cígh suckling (of newly-born Christ), DDána 17.1 . For noídiu cíche see noídiu. Cf. naoídhe na ccíoch, Isaiah xi 8 . dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche (of close relationship), Ériu xiii 16.17 .

(e) In transfd. senses. Of recesses of woods or tops of mountains (somet. perh. as prep. phr. i cích(aib) in the bosom of, in the midst of, among ): i bhfoithribh nó i gcíogh choille (: díon), Ériu ix 163 § 7 . i ccigibh cnoc, BS 58.13 . learga buadha do chíogh gcorr (of hills of Ireland), Measgra D. 50.51 . Note also: do ling crobhuing chaoin bhalsaim / as cíoghuibh a cceas (? leg. creas, Ed.) a-mach (of branch from tree), O'Hara 3277 . tre chíghibh cíogh (? leg. craobh, Ed.) gcorr (of water falling through branches of trees), 2645 . Of the sea: ceol eachdra a gcíoghoibh cuain `on the breast of the sea', O'Hara 4154 . an fedh do chóidh o chígh cuáin inland, Rel. Celt. ii 226.4 .

Other applications: a cholggairthe na gcíoch ngeal (of castle), DDána 68.34 `thou castle of . . . fair bastions', Ir. Monthly 1920, 543 . clodib orduirn . . . go cichib oir `inlayings', RC xii 60.18 . Of herb: cīch .i. cich girg (sic MS.), luib asa taet ass, O'Mulc. 221 . Note also: cíoch-bhraighed (leg. cíoch bh.) uvula, Mackinnon Cat. 56.11 .

COMPDS. With nouns: sreabh chorcra an chíoghasa, Aithd. D. 65.38 . cíochoighir in chríochshlóigh `suckled heir', O'Gr. Cat. 399.18 . ar cíchshlios cuain dochuadhas im aonarán enclosed margin, Hackett² xlii 33 . With adjj.: cichban cearbnad, BB 23b6 = Cermnat chích-bán, Meyer Contribb. ( Eg. 1782, 55a ). cath cro cearnach cíchbhlaith, IT iii 89 § 116 . See also Cíchloiscthe, Cíchloiscech.

ciniud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ciniud or dil.ie/9138

 

Forms: cined, cine, cinid

u and o, m. Also later cined, and in mod. lang. somet. cine. Vn. of cinid. Appar. state of having been born in: c.¤ iar tuistiu (.i. geinemain do o maithir iar na tuisti o athair) ┐ cin iar cinud (.i. cin do denam do iarna geinemuin o maithir), Laws i 256.19 - 20 , 26 - 27 Comm. fearr fear a c.¤ `a man is better than his descent', v 20.16 .

Usually in concr. meaning offspring, children, descendants .

(a) nicon foigebat c.¤ sainemail dia n-ǽs `a distinguished race', Ml. 69a8 . na bith ch.¤ huadib `let there be no offspring from then', 87a3 . la forcraid cinida `progeny', Laws v 284.z . bés ōenchin(n)eda, Críth G. 72 (see óen) `minor without living ascendants', Gloss. c.¤ `Kinder', ZCP xiv 372 § 34 . borrfad Cuind . . . / cona ch.¤ i n-a díad, Airne F. 277 . do ch.¤ hÍr . . . / atā Clann rēil Rudraige, Corp. Gen. 119.3 . Cond Ēogan Araide ān / it é c.¤ na tri mál, ZCP xi 57 § 11 . do ḟlaith Chruachan in chinid `of the royal line', Leb. Cert.² 2141 ( BB 281b37 ). scret ro rinn / cnet nach cinid sceo fri niad, LL 18480 `a groan that is not natural(?)', PRIA xix 544 § 25 `of some race', Ériu xx 197 . nisbia rigi . . . otch.¤ , Three Hom. 28.16 . niba . . . cland na cined dó, 18.25 . plúr a chine (: dlighe), LBranach 5104 (? leg. chinidh: dlighidh, Ed.).

(b) tribe, race in general: maicne ciniuda, Ir. Recht 30.z . Filistinnai . . . ┐ ciniuda imda aile, LU 64 . gin cindiu (leg. c.¤) do techt fuithib, Laws ii 218.1 . co ngenfitís cinedu iumda di-a shil (of Abraham), PH 2260 . na huilc in chinid da uili `the evils of the race of which thou art', TTebe 571 . c.¤ formtech miscnech, PH 2819 . ar gach chineadh dá chloinn, DDána 3.20 . ag cineadhaibh bochta, TSh. 6048 . With attrib. adj. or gen. of individual peoples: re cineadh Chuinn, Content. xxii 16 . do chinedh T[h]uathail Techtmuir, ML² 1154 . Freq. c.¤ dóenna human race : dar cend in chiniuda dóenna, LU 4251 . in cined doenna, PH 2391 . slanugad in cinedha daenna, Grail 3172R . See doénda. don cinedh fhodhmhordha, Stair Erc. 576 . gurab do chine Scuit . . . athair Ghaedhil, Keat. ii 324 . crodacht in chiniuda . . . Tiauanda, TTebe 569 . an cineadh Iúdaidhe the Jewish race, Parrth. Anma 898 .

In phr. ciorrbhadh cinidh destruction of a race, TSh. 5512 . Note also: ag buain cinidh d'inghin Oiléan (of eulogistic poets), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 348.z .

Compd. a chraobh chineadhnár Chuilinn ` noble-born ', Magauran 3267 .

claideb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. claideb or dil.ie/9324
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -ib, -bi, claidib, cloidib, claidbi, claidhmhe, cloidmi, -me, cloidhemh, cloideb, claidem, cloideam

n o, m. but n pl. -ib and -bi. See Ériu xxii 192 . Exx. claidib, Ml. 77a1 . LU 8185 . MU² 592 . cloidib, BDD² 748 . claidbi, MU² 610 . claidhmhe, Ériu xiii 35.6 . cloidmi, -me, BB 271a47 . TTebe 1473 , PH 8111 . cloidhemh m., IGT Decl. § 53 . Also cloideb, claidem. (slashing) sword : cloideam gl. gladius, Ir. Gl. 461 . in c.¤ sin (ref. to gladium spiritus), Wb. 22d20 . faibur .i. c.¤ gl. machera, Ml. 75b11 . a nnunda-comart a ch.¤ `when Hiss word slew them', 36d9 . donfair co claidiub thened, Thes. ii 348.6 ( Hy. v 91 ). fuil fir tarcai a c.¤ for nech `who draws his sword', Laws v 362.y . las tarda fo glas claidhebh, Blathm. 80 (fo glaschlaidiub, ed.). de gail claidib Góli, Fél. Ep. 484 . coro [ṡ]ecsat a lláma imma claidbiu, Trip.² 1239 . a arm laích . . . .i. a c.¤ , LU 8875 ( FB 67 ). dogní claidiub craind isind fid, 5417 (TBC). c.¤ russi roindes crú, 3826 ( SCC 37 ). cobur fola fora claediub, 8338 ( FB 24 , rhet.). feib ra-chualatar cocetul claidib C[h]onaill, CRR 46.2 . domraiched craum c.¤ choilles toind, LL 12210 (TBC). fer find . . . ic fáebarchless ch.¤ úastu, MU² 541 . roberr māil fair cosin chloduib `cropped his hair with his sword', Ériu ii 22 § 3 . gurbo fuighell gae ┐ claidim d'Eōgan hé (of Conn who had been grievously wounded by Éogan), ML² 1921 . Michael . . . ┐ a cloidem derg tenntige i n-a láim, PH 7281 . is o chloidem atbéla ┐ is cloidem cúis a n-oideda, 3119 . co mbenad déiss (sic leg.) a chloidib fria muinél na déisi, Mer. Uil. 244 . do thréig camána ar chloidhmhibh, DDána 105.3 . ro gabh orlaimh cloidhim an Rígh chuga (of a new Lord Deputy entering upon his office), Hugh Roe² 146.23 . Cf. AFM vi 2020.2 . a chloidheamh nochtuighthe aige ag iarraidh síothchána ar Dhia (i.e. in threatening fashion), Párl. na mB. 821 . In epithet: Labraid Lúath / lam ar c.¤ , LU 3383 ( SCC 17 ). Referred to by n.pr.: mo chen Caladbolg c.¤ Leite, LL 12217 (TBC). nochtais [Cu Chulaind] in Cruadín Catutchend .i. a ch.¤ , 12720 . Used in swearing or binding to a contract: dothoṅgusa tar mo scíath ┐ tar mo ch.¤ , TBFr. 184 . nenaisg mac ḟior Fíothla im chloidheamh go mbriocht baoí ina laimh, Ériu xiii 34.17 . dosrat fo chlaidiub diglá, SR 4148 .

do-beir fo gin claidib puts to the sword, slays : téit fo gin claidib dies by the sword : dosbér fo gin claidib, Trip.² 1922 . rar-berthar uile fa gin gae ┐ chlaidib, TBC-LL¹ 2973 . Cf. also: doratsat fo gein cloidem ┐ gae a daine, Anecd. iii 68.1 . Cf. Éire do chur fa ghion gai ┐ claidhimh, Keat. i 128.7 . dochotar fo gin claideib, SR 5068 . conna térna ass acht a ndechuid do rind gai ┐ do gin chlaidib i.e. all died by the sword, IT i 76.10 ( LMU 15 ). co na dechadar acht a ndeachaid to rind gai ┐ do gin claidibh, Anecd. i 2.4 . See SCano 20 n.

Other figurative applications: in da míol . . . ┐ imus-tuairgdis co ticdis a claidib teniud asa mbeluib connici neolu nimi, IT iii 237.77 (perh. in sense of beam or ray of flame). claidebh na laimi in slindean shoulder-blade, Auraic. 1426 . lé cloidheamh an chraois, TSh. 2465 . gur chuir Dia cloidheamh an inneachaidh 'na thruaill taisgeadha, 5408 . go sgarthar a fhuil ┐ a fheoil-sin ó chéile re cloidheamh na mbriathar, Donlevy 422.9 . is claideb for sinistar (lux) a kenning or prov.(?), O'Mulc. 761 .

(b) tusk : re glondbeimnig a claideam no a clomair (of a boar), TTebe 872 .

For meaning beam see s.vv. cor(r)thar, garman, 1 táth.

Compds. droṅg claidebbemnech, LL 343a28 . fri cath croda claidebderg, SR 4982 . tūs cach catha cloideamgairg, ZCP viii 231 § 25 . curaid chroda claidebglais, Ériu viii 70.86 . ríoghradh chalma cloidheamhghlas, Aithd. D. 16.40 . co nniurt curad claidebruad, SR 5734 . iar ṅgless le claidemscin 'after arranging [the book] with a swordlike knife' Ériu xxvi 116-17 . rind Orioin claideabhthaircetaigh `swordgirt Orion', CCath. 1037 .

2 cleth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cleth or dil.ie/9454
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ceilt, cleith, ceileamuin

ā, f. vn. of ceilid. ceilt, cleith, ceileamuin, IGT Verbs § 34 . ceilt cleith, Decl. § 14 . Cf. clith.

(a) act of hiding, concealing; concealment, deception : cen cuit cleithi `with no concealment', Blathm. 160 . is diing cleith in maith gl. abscondi non possunt, Wb. 29a31 . du chlith a fortachtae gl. disimulationem, Ml. 100a7 . inna cletha `the concealments' gl. latebras, 59a9 . c.¤ gl. laterna, Sg. 51b8 . ? coimpert ciol. cleith nemhidh, Ériu xiii 23.25 . dobered a máthair criaid ṁbuidi moa bullu do chlith a delba, Rawl. 141a16 . rotōgaib croich in Coimdeadh, / iarna cleith fon talmain thair after it had lain hidden, Ériu iii 198 § 26 . damhna ríoghradh nocha roich / a ngníomhradh chalma do chleith, DDána 91.9 . sirim a hucht na hóighe / . . . / cleith na n-othar-soin oruinn `that she cover from us the wounds I have not requited', Dán Dé v 17 . cleith .i. ceilt, O'Cl. Obscurity : scailid (?) in cleth 'he dispels the obscurity' CIH iii 874.31 , Sages, Saints and Storytellers 173 . ná measg trena chéile i gcleith 'do not confuse them with each other in obscurity' 167 § 20 .

? Attrib. g s. (but some or all may be part. See 1 clithe). secret, hidden : cen luige cen lanamnas. / cen chuibdi clethi no cuil, SR 2399 . cumann cleithe nocha ndernus `I have known no furtive love', Ériu i 20.72 . cinnus brethe rugad duit? nī ba caingen cléithi lat do not keep the matter secret, ZCP vii 307.10 . nír gním clethe fri hóen-úair, Metr. Dinds. i 10.54 .

(b) In phrr. with prepp. With AR undisclosed : bheith ag síor-chur bréag id leith / éigean dúinn nó ar ndearbhtha ar cleith `leave my argument unstated', Content. vi 116 .

With CEN without concealment, openly, plainly, clearly (in verse freq. as cheville). Somet. used adjectivally conspicuous : concertsa in dá sreith / cen chleith níbá caín, LU 9954 . eagna gan cleith, Ériu xiii 35.y . a chlú gan chleith mur do chuir `how he has made his fame conspicuous', O'R. Poems 251 . Eire gan chleith re [corbadh], A. Ó Dálaigh liii 8 .

With FO secretly; hidden, in seclusion : airg-siu dia guidi dam-sa . . . fo chlith, IT i 74.15 ( LMU 12 ). luig Oilill ┐ Eogan a n-imagallaim fo cleith, Anecd. ii 77 § 4 . ronalt fo clith muime mormass ar a mathair, i 51 § 9 . ro oslaic Eua fo clith / in dorus riasin nathraig, SR 1281 . ? ni bo chlethaib robatar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6528 (: srethaib).

With I N- in secret, hidden : figell fo dēraib i cleith (rules for the devout), ZCP vii 311 § 14 . ar apdaibh hi clith `against secret spells', Ériu iv 236 § 8 . hi follus, hi clith, ACL iii 318 § 61 .

As m.: gním cen chlethu cen athscís, LL 27070 (cleatu cleithe, cleitiu, v.ll.; `without concealment', Metr. Dinds. iii 244.42 ). nom diultfa fo thrí tria chleth / riasiu gaires in cailech deceitfully(?), SR 7723 .

Compd. With noun. cen chlethbratha `treachery by hiding', Sc.M² 22b .

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