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brásáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brásáil or dil.ie/6563

n (Engl. loanword): brāsāil do thabhairt do 'chéile neamhdha ( = amplexus, Gloss.), An Bheatha Dhiadha (ed. Ó Fachtna, 1967) 7244 .

comaircid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaircid or dil.ie/10641

v (comarc)

(a) inquires; demands(?): ro comaircsead ciasa cend, Thr. Ir. Gl. 14.9 (Coire Brecain) = interrogaverunt, 8 . is ē . . . Eochaid rochomaircc do mac hui Mugairne cacha ni ara mbiad dia thaiririud . . . , Rawl. 125b2 . comaircther dí toghmarc Fachtna Fathach (leg. -aig), ZCP viii 104.21 . comarcais Senán do Narach: in tuc duit uile ?, iii 222.13 .

Form comaircim (1 s.) freq. in glosses on interrogatives in Law texts, etc.: cisne haimsera .i. comaircim cadiat na teora . . . , Laws v 450.16 Comm. cair ? . . . .i. comaircim, iii 16.16 Comm. ceist .i. comaircim, Anecd. v 23 n. 23 . sciscor .i. comarcim, Auraic. 3101. 616 .

(b) cries out: éigh ┐ comhairc exclama, ITS xxix 214.20 . gur thóg misi mo ghuth ós áird ┐ gur chomhairc mé, Gen. xxxix 15 . ? By metath. friscomair cach . . . .i. . . . comraice cach `everyone sues', Laws v 356.26 Comm.

See comairser.

? consentar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? consentar or dil.ie/12310

ind Bais bandruadh . . . Consentar ┐ Fachtna Fathach (in `tochmarc' tale), ZCP viii 104.20 .

Daui

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Daui or dil.ie/14768
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Daui, [Da]ui, Duiacch, -i, Daí, Dai, Dæ, Doe, Dui, Daua, Dau, Doach, Dauach, Duach, Dauoch, Duaach, Duëch, Duiacch, Duach, Dai, Duaich, Duiacch, Duaich, Duach, Duach, Dau, Dauich, Duaich, Daui, Dau, Dái, Duiach, Dauich, Daui, Dau, Daui, Dai, Duach, Daui, Daui, Rethach, Duach, Duach, Duaich

k, later o and io, npr. m. g s. Duach disyllabic in old poetry: Ferggus Domnall Ainmire: ocus Nandidh maic Duach (: nauch), AU A.D. 562 . gus seiss det toenur cin nech: inn úir Cille mec Duaach, ACL iii 2. 2 . dá bliadain déc réil a rath: ropo rí mac déin Duäch, MacCarthy 174. 10 (LL). fuair Muridach celg tria cath: la hEnna ṅderg mac Duäch, ib. 174. 8 . roscarsat ria gargblaid ṅglain: Duäch Ladgair is Lugaid, ib. 180. 8 . Monosyllabic: n. or a s. Duach, Gorm. Feb. 3 . MacCarthy 172. 2 f.b. ; 174. 2 ; 194. 7 , 9 ; AFM ii 898. 3 (A.D. 1070).

INFLEXION: n s. Daui, AU A.D. 501 . [Da]ui Galach LL 41 a 16 (cf. mic Dhuach Ghalaigh, AU A.D. 576 ). The spelling Duiacch (g s.) CS A.D. 497 also points to a nominative in -i. Daí, BB 234 b 24 . Dai, ib. 69 a 44 . 234 b 25 , 33 . Lism. L. p. 343 at l. 2572 . RC xxiv 182. 3 . Dæ, BB 69 a 43 . Doe, Laud 610 75 b 2 = ZCP viii 295. 8 - 9 . Dui, Rawl. 165 a 42 , 45 . Daua, BB 180 a 32 . Dau, Ardm. 19 a 2 . Trip. 350. 30 (not the numeral). Laud 610, 99 a 1 = Anecd. iii 60. 11 ; ib. 60. 8 , 14 ; 61. 1 ; 62. 21 . LL 319 c 17 . 321 c 49 , 52 . 321 d 15 . Fianaig. 36. 4 f.b. Doach, Cóir Anm. § 88 . Dauach, BB 176 f 2 . Duach, AU A.D. 501 (gl. ad Daui). CS A.D. 497 . MacCarthy 174. 2 (LL); 180. 8 (LL); 194. 9 (LL). LL 182 b 24 . 319 a 48 , 62 . 365 g 8 . BB 47 b 28 . 57 a 42 . 67 b 37 . 84 b 47 . 89 b 9 , 53 . 111 a 48 . 117 b 5 . 118 b 5 . 171 a 31 , 47 . 187 b 14 . 319 a 62 . Misc. Celt. Soc. (Gein. Corca Laidhe). Laud 610, fo. 115 a, col. 3 . AFM i 162. 4 . Cóir Anm. §§ 29 , 88 , 133 , 136 , 138 , 139 .—g s. Dauoch concluded from the rhyme with nauch in the old poem AU A.D. 562 ( nuach : Duach, Tig. A.D. 562 in corresp. passage). Duaach, Acta Sanct. xx 314 ; Clúain D., ACL iii 2. 2 , where the rhyme with nech may point to a reading † Duëch (older than Duäch). Duiacch, CS A.D. 497 (sic leg.). Duach, AU A.D. 560 , 562 , 576 , 582 , 583 , 585 . Fél. 68. 4 at Feb. 3 ; ib. 88. 16 ; 116 at Apr. 18 ; 242 at Nov. 12 . Tig. A.D. 546 , 562 . LL 41 a 17 . 313 c 40 . 320 b 5 , 45 . 321 a 8 , c 37 . 332 a 18 . 350 b 41 . BB 59 b 18 . 81 b 7 . 84 b 6 . 97 a 23 . 115 a 32 . 141 a 9 . 173 a 16 . 176 e 47 . 178 a 20 . 223 e 7 (Duac). Rawl. 151 a - b . Anecd. iii 61. 7 , 10 . Gorm. Feb. 3 . Misc. Celt. Soc. pass.. MacCarthy 174. 8 , 10 . AFM ii 898. 3 (A.D. 1070). Dái, LL 369 a 21 . Dai, BB 234 b 40 , 42 ; but not Dá in Dá Derga, Dá Choca (otherwise Stokes RC xxii 12 n. ). Duaich, Gorm. Feb. 3 n. CS A.D. 497 (v.l. Duiacch). AFM i 162. 2 . —a s. Duaich: slógeth Muman for D. la hOengus colluith Dau hi Scellecc, Laud 610, 98 b 2 . Duach, Cóir Anm. § 29 . MacCarthy 172. 2 f.b. , 194. 7 (perhaps for older Duaich, cf. the rhyme with fuair). d s. Duach, AFM A.M. 4297 . 4307 . 4453 . 4462 . 5032 . 5041 . Cóir Anm. § 29 , § 139 .—n du. dá Dau , Rawl. 149 a 45 .—n p. Dauich, TBC-LL¹ 2681 (LL; Daúith, Stowe). TBC-LL¹ 3496 Y. Duaich, TBC-LL¹ 2681 , H 2. 17.—Hence Dúachan, q.v.

The old inflexion is represented by n s. Daui, Dau, Dái: g s. Duiach (cf. ái poetry: gen. uath): n p. Dauich. In Mid.-Ir. MSS we meet with a double inflexion, one starting from the n s. Daui, Dau, forming the g s. Daui, Dai; the other from the oblique cases (and n p.) forming the n s. Duach. For n s. Daui cf. fili, oígi. Daui is a npr. in -vik like Ogh. DENA-VECA (g s., † Dianach), Ogh. RITTA-VECAS (g s., Rethach). Its Ogh. equivalent would probably be † Ogh. DAVOVECCA or † Ogh. DASU-VECCA (= Dauoch), if, as is not unlikely, it is to be compared with Gaul. DAVOS or Gaul. DASVVIOS. Dau appears to have become obsolete as a npr. as early as the early 7th century; the gen. Duach, however, lingered on throughout the Mid.-Ir. period in connection with síl, 1 dál, clann, Húi, and in place-names with Clúain, Ard ( Ard nDuach, Laud 610, 99 a 1 ), &c.—Derived from Dau is Duichne, q.v.

D.¤ Dalta (dallta) Dedad son of Cairbre Losc, Cóir Anm. § 29 . King of Tara, killed by Fachtna the prophet AFM A.M. 5032 , 5041 . MacCarthy 194. 9 (dalta), 194. 7 (v.l. dailech Dedaid). ITS v 190. 14 , 18 .

D.¤ Dibech Srubech i Cliu, LL 321 c 52 .

D.¤ mac Barrindáin, Reeves Ad. xli n.

D.¤ mac Briúin meic Echach Mugmedóin, usually called D.¤ Galach: Dau mac Briuin, Ardm. 19 a 2 . [Da]ui Galach LL 41 a 16 (and immediately after: mac Duach). Dai Golach, RC xxiv 182. 3 . Duach Galach, AU A.D. 576 . Cóir Anm. § 136 . His descendants are called Clann Duach, Hog. Onom. 241 a .

D.¤ mac Conaill mic Cairbri, Fél. 88. 16 .

D.¤ mac Conaill Gulban, also called Fergus Cennḟota: Dau m. C. G., AU A.D. 585 . Father of Feradach, ib. A.D. 582 , 583 ; of Nainnid, ib. A.D. 560 , 562 . Tig. 543 , 561 , 563 , 586 . Ann. Inisf. A.D. 553 Ninnid is called mac Fergusa.

D.¤ mac Daimin, from whom Dál nDuach in tSlébe, Lec. 177 . Hog. Onom. 333 a .

D.¤ mac Dári Cerbai, LL 319 c 17 . ZCP viii 314. 35 .

D.¤ mac Echach, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 46. 14 . sé meic Echach .i. Dæ Ciarán Feidlimid, &c. BB 69 a 43 ; ib. 44 . ZCP viii 295. 8 - 9 .

D.¤ mac Eirc, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 46. 8 .

D.¤ mac Ennai meic Amalngado, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 18. 6 (Duach). BB 234 b 24 (Daí). cland Dai mic Enna, ib. 234 b 40 .

D.¤ Iarlaithe son of Maine mac Cairpri. Dau I., Anecd. iii 60. 8 , 14 ; 61. 1 ; 62. 21 ; gen. Duach, 61. 7 , 10 ; acc. Duaich, 60. 10 .

D.¤ Ladgrach mac Fiachach Tolgraig king of Ireland, killed by Lugaid Láigde AFM A.M. 4453 , 4462 . ib. ii 898. 3, A.D. 1070. Cóir Anm. § 88 . Cf. MacCarthy 180. 8 .

D.¤ mac Maine mic Cairbri, Fél. 242 at Nov. 12 .

D.¤ mac Macniad, Fél. 116 at Ap. 18 . Miscell. Celt. Soc. 8. 11 ; 24. 13 ; 32. 16 ; 38. 3 , 13 ; 44. 11 , 15 , 17 ; 58. 13 . Fianaig. 36. 4 f.b.

D.¤ mac Oengusso: dá Dau dá mac Oengusa Bruigde, Rawl. 149 a 45 .

D.¤ mac Sétnai, often called D. Find ( LL 319 a 48 ). MacCarthy 172. 2 f.b. (D.¤ Find); 174. 2 , 9 . AFM A.M. 4297 , 4306 (D.¤ Find).

D.¤ Tenga Umai king of Connaught, killed in the battle of Seghais, A.D. 499 AFM , 497 CS , 501 AU ; LL 182 b 24 ; v. Cóir Anm. § 139 . Dui Tenga, Rawl. 165 a 45 .

Dau from Argetros, father of Conchrad, Rawl. 151 a ( ZCP x 375), LL 321 c 49 : Dau Deda Derbeolach i nArgetros, Cóir Anm. § 133 . Cf. Húi Duach, often mentioned in connection with Airgetros, Hogan.

Dau father of Colmán, Fél. 68. 4 . Gorm. Feb. 3 .

D.¤ abbas Aird Macha, Trip. 514. 13 (LL), died A.D. 565.

D.¤ de Húib Turtri, Trip. 542. 13 (LL).

do-gní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-gní or dil.ie/17752
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dogníu, dogni, dogní, dugn, dogniam, dogníith, du-nd-gniid, dogniat, dugníat, denim, nis-denaim, ara-ndeni, déni, n-nad-denam, ndenid, dénat, dogníu, dogním, domgníis, dogní, dogníd, dogníthit, dénaim, ndéin, dogn-, don-, doni, doniam, dénus, dernim, dergenaim, derni, dernat, dernat, dene, da-n-g[n]íid, dénad, do-sn-gniith, dénid, déne, déni, déna, dén, dénad, dénam, dénaid, dénat, dugníth, dugnítis, dognitis, dognínn, dénainn, dognéo, dugneu, dogn, madesgne, dogn, du-n-gné, do-s-gnem, dogneid, dogneith, dogned, dugnet, déne, dena, denae, nad-ndenam, nis-ṅ-denaith, dogner, dogneor, do-neor, donear, dogné, dogéne, dóene, don, dénar, ndiaghnair, ndiaghnum, do-nd-rón, dorón, dorronai, doróna, dorónam, dorónaid, dern, dern, ndern, nderne, derna, ndernam, ndernaid, dernat, d-a-gnenn, dugnén, dognein, dugnitha, dognetha, dogned, dogneth, dugnemmis, dognethe, dugnetis, ndenmis, frisan-dénte, conna-dentis, dendis, tentis, duróininn, duronad, doróntæ, derninn, ndernain, dernad, derṅmis, dernainn, dén-, dern-, dugén, dugene, do-n-genae, dogéna, du-n-genam-ni, do-n-génid, dogénat, digén, digen, digenam, dignem, ndignet, dogén, dian, dogénus, dingén, dingn-, dingnea, dingniam, ndingnair, dergían, dergenat, drónfat, dogenainn, dogenad, dogenmis, digned, digénte, dorigenmais, da-rigente, digéni, degēni, dogéni, dogénsat, dogensatar, dogniset, dognisetar, ndigni, digni, ndénsat, densat, dorigenu(a)s, dorignius, do-m-rignis, do-nd-rigéni, dorigni, dorigénsam, do-d-rigénsid, dorigéensat, dorigénsat, deirgenus, deirgéni, dergéni, ndergini, ndergensat, dernus, dorignius, dorindius, dorinnus, dorigni, dorigne, derigne, dorinne, dorin, dogrinn, dorigénsat, dorigensatar, dorigniset, dorinnsid, dorigéntar, dorinnetar, doringnis, doringne, doringset, do-rig-, dorigsem-ne, dorigset, dergenus, dergene, dergena, deirgeini, ndergensat, rodergenset, dernus, derna, nderna, ndernsat, ndernatar, ndearnadar, ndernaisit, dorónus, do-d-róni, do-s-róna, doróne, doróine, doróigne, doróinde, dorogn, dorónsat, dorónsatar, dogníther, dogníter, in-déntar, ndéntar, ndénatar, déntar, derntar, dogníthe, ndentae, dogníthe, -a, dognether, dugnetar, ndentar, dénatar, dorontar, dorróntar, derntar, dognethe, dognetis, dente, ṅdenta, dorónta, doróntais, derntá, ndernta, dogentar, dogénatar, dogenaiter, dingentar, dignestar, dogénta, dignesta, dogníth, dugnitha, durónath, dorónad, dorónta, dernad, dorónad, dorónait, dorigned, dorigenadh, dorinded, dorinnead, ndernad, ndernta, dénti, dénta, dénum, do-gní, dogní, dogní, dogní

v (* di-gnī-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 541 ). See ZCP i 350 ff . Indic. pres.— O.Ir. 1 s. dogníu, Wb. 17c11 . 2 s. dogni, 6c16 . 3 s. dogní, 6a8 ; dugn, Ml. 39b2 . 1 pl. dogniam, Wb. 15d9 . 2 pl. dogníith, 9c15 , cf. 25c14 ; amal du-nd-gniid , Ml. 103b13 . 3 pl. dogniat, Wb. 30c14 ; dugníat, 14b17 . 1 s. ní denim , Wb. 12c9 ; nis-denaim, Ml. 75a9 . 2 s. ara-ndeni, 55d21 . 3 s. nad déni , Thes. ii 294.28 , Wb. 31d12 . 1 pl. a n-nad-denam , 16a24 . 2 pl. dia ndenid , 8c11 . 3 pl. ni dénat , 12b20 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. dogníu, dogním. ? 2 s. domgníis, BB 350a23 (cf. Dinds. 1 § 14 ). 3 s. dogní; dogníd, Mon. Tall. 128 , 129 . 3 pl. dogníthit, LB 260a59 . 1 s. ní dénaim , etc. 3 s. co ndéin , Maund. 137 . In this, as in other tenses, the stem dogn- is freq. written don-, doni, doniam, etc. 3 s. rel. dénus (for dogní), Fl. Earls 220.2 . With -ro- of possibility. 1 s. ní dernim , RC xxv 24 § 4 , cf. IT iii 47.12 ; ni dergenaim , TBC-LL¹ 4387 . 3 s. nach derni , Ml. 128c3 . 3 pl. ni dernat , Wb. 22d3 ; nad dernat , Tec. Corm. p. 34 .

Ipv. O.Ir.—2 s. na dene , Ml. 55a1 . 3 s. da-n-g[n]íid, Wb. 8d9 . dénad, 28d19 . 2 pl. do-sn-gniith, 24b12 . dénid, 25c17 . Mid.Ir.—2 s. déne; déni, SR 1183 , 5680 , TBC-LL¹ 1495 ; déna; dén. 3 s. dénad. 1 pl. dénam. 2 pl. dénaid. 3 pl. dénat.

Impf. O.Ir.—3 s. dugníth, Ml. 30a3 . 3 pl. dugnítis, 62c13 . dognitis, 22a4 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. dognínn ( donin, TBC-LL¹ 3403 ). ní dénainn .

Subj. pres. O.Ir.—1 s. dognéo, Wb. 17c20 , cf. 3d2 ; dugneu, Ml. 23c24 . 2 s. dogn, Wb. 5d39 . 3 s. madesgne, Thes. ii 246.29 (sic leg., ZCP xiv 8 ). dogn, 12c46 . du-n-gné, Ml. 129b1 . 1 pl. do-s-gnem, Wb. 21b9 . 2 pl. dogneid, 5d30 ; dogneith, 12d7 ; dogned, 25d22 . 3 pl. dugnet, Ml. 120c1 , cf. 83b14 . 2 s. mani déne , Wb. 10a17 . 3 s. mani dena , Ml. 35d14 . ceni denae , Mon. Tall. 138.30 . 1 pl. nad-ndenam, 23c6 . 2 pl. nis-ṅ-denaith, Wb. 6b29 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. cia dogner , K. Sächs. Gesell. Ber. xlii 83 . dogneor, Lec. 531a . sul do-neor , TBC-LL¹ 3078 = siu donear , TBC-I¹ 2276 . 3 s. dogné; dogéne, PH 770 . dóene (= dogéne?), Thes. ii 346.35 , 351.41 . don, 300.30 . 1 s. cia dénar , Ériu i 227 . 2 s. cu ndiaghnair , Lib. Flav. i 36ra23 . 1 pl. cu ndiaghnum , 36ra34 . With -ro- 1 s. do-nd-rón, Wb. 5b18 . dorón, ACL iii 298.16 , Fél. Prol. 269 . 2 s. dorronai, Wb. 32a24 . 3 s. doróna, Thes. ii 1.27 , Mon. Tall. 132.28 . 1 pl. dorónam, Metr. Dinds. iii 448 . 2 pl. dorónaid, Fél. Prol. 186 . 1 s. na dern , SR 1583 . ní dern (dernd, MS.), Ériu vi 116 . co ndern , LU 10644 . 2 s. dia nderne , Mon. Tall. 142 . 3 s. arna derna , Wb. 4a5 . 1 pl. co ndernam , Wb. 22a12 . 2 pl. co ndernaid , 13d30 . 3 pl. ar na dernat , BDD § 94 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. d-a-gnenn, Wb. 10d31 ; dugnén, 10c16 ; dognein, 10a27 . 2 s. dugnitha (leg. dognetha), Ml. 103d16 . 3 s. dogned, Wb. 17a13 ; dogneth, Sg. 21b6 . 1 pl. dugnemmis, Wb. 10c21 . 2 pl. dognethe, 9d25 . 3 pl. dugnetis, Ml. 74a1 , cf. 73d1 . 1 pl. dia ndenmis , Sg. 203a6 . 2 pl. frisan-dénte, Wb. 9c24 . 3 pl. conna-dentis, Ml. 124c20 . mani dendis , 75d2 . mani tentis , 35c18 . Forms with -ro-: 1 s. duróininn, Ml. 46b13 (reading doubtful). 3 s. duronad, Wb. 8a4 . 2 pl. doróntæ, 16a23 . 1 s. nach derninn , Wb. 8a5 . co ndernain , PCr. 2a2 . 3 s. na dernad , LU 8155 . 1 pl. arna derṅmis , Sg. 203a6 . Mid.Ir. ní dernainn , etc.

In later lang. the prot. stem dén- is almost entirely replaced by dern- throughout the subjunctive ( IGT Verbs § 1 ).

Fut. 1 s. dugén, Ml. 30b9 . 2 s. dugene, 41b4 . do-n-genae, Wb. 32a25 . 3 s. dogéna, 26a20 . 1 pl. du-n-genam-ni, Ml. 111d3 . 2 pl. do-n-génid, Wb. 17a6 . 3 pl. dogénat, 13a13 . 1 s. in digén , Wb. 9d4 ; ni digen , Ml. 69a21 . 1 pl. ni digenam , Ml. 30c9 . ni dignem , Wb. 17b9 . 3 pl. nad ndignet , Ml. 56b15 . Mid.Ir. dogén (dodén) etc.; ní dian , Lib. Flav. i 17rb24 . 3 s. rel. dogénus, SG 290.13 . ni digén (ní digeón, TBC-I¹ 1647 ). ni dingén , FB § 31 . Most usually with stem dingn-: 3 s. ní dingnea . 1 pl. nocho dingniam , FB § 6 . 2 s. dep. co ndingnair (fut. for subj.), ZCP vi 64.26 . Forms with -ro- are rare:? 3 s. ni dergían , TBC-LL¹ 2808 ; 3 pl. ni dergenat , Ml. 80a9 . Cf. 3 pl. drónfat (= dorónfat), BColm. 50 . Condit. 1 s. dogenainn, TBC-I¹ 2874 . 3 s. dogenad, Wb. 26a12 . 1 pl. dogenmis, Sg. 203a6 . 3 s. ni digned , Ml. 14b4 . 2 pl. nicon digénte , Wb. 9d9 . With -ro-: 1 pl. dorigenmais, TBC-I¹ 177 (LU). 2 pl. da-rigente, Wb. 13b3 ; 11d5 .

Pret. 3 s. digéni, Thes. ii 239 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). degēni, RC xxv 344 (see ZCP xiv 8 ). dogéni, Sg. 185b4 , TBC-I¹ 1732 LU (= dogena, YBL). 3 pl. dogénsat, Trip.² 1380 . dogensatar, Rawl. 142a55 . dogniset, Hugh Roe 102 . dognisetar, ZCP viii 544 . 3 s. nad ndigni , Ml. 23b10 . na digni , SR 6146 . 3 pl. co ndénsat , FB § 77 . ni densat , SG 234.14 . Pret. forms (i.e. without -ro-) seem confined chiefly to 3 s. and pl. and become rare in Mid.Ir.

Perf. 1 s. dorigenu(a)s, Ml. 2a6 . dorignius, Wb. 24b12 , cf. Ml. 23c27 , Fél. Ep. 111 , TBC-I¹ 937 (LU). 2 s. do-m-rignis, Wb. 4c27 ; Fél. Ep. 506 . 3 s. do-nd-rigéni, Wb. 6d2 , cf. 11a30 , Ml. 54a4 ; dorigni, Wb. 4c32 . 1 pl. dorigénsam, 14b26 . 2 pl. do-d-rigénsid, 20d3 , cf. 33d5 . 3 pl. dorigéensat, 5a24 ; dorigénsat, 7d10 . 1 s. nad deirgenus , Wb. 24a14 . 3 s. nad deirgéni , 13b17 . ni dergéni , Ml. 114b12 . nad ndergini , 23c15 . 3 pl. co ndergensat , Sg. 187b6 . 1 s. ni dernus , Ml. 39a11 . In Mid.Ir. and later lang. 1 s. dorignius, etc., cf. Auraic. 651 ; dorindius, Imr. Brain i 65.25 ; dorinnus, CF 98 . 3 s. dorigni, dorigne ( derigne, Hib. Min. 276 ), dorinne, dorin (late). dogrinn, ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.) (see Celtica xiii 25 ). 3 pl. dorigénsat, dorigensatar, SR 5929 ; dorigniset, TBC-LL¹ 2249 ; dorinnsid, SR 3616 , dorigéntar, 6052 ; dorinnetar, -edar (late). Stem do-ring-: 2 s. doringnis, TBC-LL¹ 5778 . 3 s. doringne; cf. 3 pl. doringset, LL 354e5 , Metr. Dinds. iii 16 . Stem do-rig-: dorigsem-ne, Rawl. 142b5 ; dorigset, SR 3533 , 3660 , 3957 , etc. 1 s. ni dergenus , Leb. Gab.(i) 30.2 . 3 s. nochon dergene , TBC-I¹ 2067 . nocho dergena , TBC-LL¹ 2982 . ní deirgeini , AFM vi 2120 , 2142 . 3 pl. co ndergensat , AFM 960 . rodergenset, RC xvi 156 . More usually 1 s. ní dernus , 3 s. ni derna , co nderna , 3 pl. co ndernsat , co ndernatar (go ndearnadar ). co ndernaisit , AU 1101 . Further 1 s. dorónus, etc. 3 s. do-d-róni, BDD § 26 ; do-s-róna, SR 295 ; doróne, doróine, doróigne, doróinde, dorogn, Trip.² 1038 . 3 pl. dorónsat, BDD 134 , 168 . dorónsatar, MR 142.1 .

Passive. Pres. s. dogníther, Wb. 10c11 . pl. dogníter, Sg. 35b13 . in-déntar, PCr. 66a1 ( Thes. ii 230 ); ara ndéntar , Wb. 2a10 ; pl. lassa ndénatar , Ml. 84a11 .

Ipv. déntar; (with -ro-) derntar, Ériu ii 200 .

Impf. s. dogníthe, Wb. 15a18 . i ndentae , Ml. 24d9 . Mid.Ir. dogníthe, -a.

Subj. pres. s. dognether, Wb. 29a21 ; pl. dugnetar, Ml. 112d8 . ara ndentar , Ml. 30d13 ; pl. mani dénatar , Wb. 8a11 . (With -ro-) dorontar, Mon. Tall. 146.31 . dorróntar, Wb. 13d21 . arna derntar , Ml. 93a1 . Impf. s. dognethe, Wb. 9c20 ; pl. síu dognetis , SR 7853 . s. mani dente , Ml. 29a6 ; co ṅdenta , Sg. 9b2 . dorónta, 65a1 ; pl. doróntais (?), Corm. Y 324 . na derntá , TBC-LL¹ 5758 ; co ndernta (usual prot. form in Mid. Ir.).

Fut. s. dogentar, Wb. 4d1 ; pl. dogénatar, Fél. Ep. 176 ; dogenaiter, LU 4256 . Mid.Ir. ní dingentar ; ní dignestar , MacCongl. 35.11 . Condit. s. dogénta, TE 9 (Eg.). na dignesta , MacCongl. 45.15 .

Pret. dogníth (Mid.Ir.); pl. dugnitha, Ml. 73a19 . Perf. ced durónath , Wb. 33a15 ; dorónad, 15a33 , BDD § 133 . pl. dorónta, Sg. 216a1 , Fél. Prol. 239 . lasan dernad , Thes. ii 289.5 . In later lang. dorónad (Keat.), dorónait; dorigned, BDD § 133 ; dorigenadh, Corm. Y 685 ; dorinded, dorinnead. co ndernad ; co ndernta .

Vbl. of necess. dénti, Wb. 12d41 . Part. dénta. Vn. dénum. IGT Verbs § 1 .

The meanings of do-gní fall under two main heads, does (I) , and makes (II) . As both these senses are often implicit in the Irish, the classification given below is to some extent artificial. Examples in which the notion of activity seems predominant are referred to I, those in which that of formation is uppermost to II; but often only the context can decide to which head an instance belongs, e.g. dogní comairle takes counsel (I) , or forms a plan (II) ; dogní dliged administers justice (I) or makes (promulgates) a law (II) .

I

(a) does , implying action in the widest sense: a ndugniat ar magistir, is ferr dún a dénum, Wb. 14b17 . a nāt denat ar magistir, ni dignem-ni, 15d6 . cach óin dodgéna samlaid whosoever shall do thus, Thes. ii 235 . níb ar adbchlos do dóinib, ba ar Dia gacha ndene let all thou doest be (done) for God, Ériu ii 172 . 'n-a forcongrai do cach aen, co ndosróna fodhein what thou ordainest for others, do thyself, ACL iii 316 , cf. LB 261a30 . cid dogní-siu sund, a gillai?, TBC-LL¹ 1401 . cid dogén mana fagar . . . iat?, ZCP viii 113 . ronertat nád dernat they strive after what they cannot do, Tec. Corm. p. 34 . ní fil ní bad toil ria cóemchéle na dingned, LU 3912 ( SCC § 42 ). cid ed ón dorigenmais-ni we could have done even that, TBC-I¹ 177 LU (glossed .i. rofetfaimmais a denom). damad messe Finnachta . . . nocho dingenaind 'na nderna, LL 307b19 . a n-atchondcamár dorigénsam, LU 1780 = RC ix 486 . ma dorontar ón if it can be managed, Mon. Tall. 146 . ni derntar isin cath ni nad fesur uaid let nothing be done . . . without my learning it from you, TBC-I¹ 3527 . Often in response to a command: guidh in Coimdhi[dh] lem . . . Dagēntar, ZCP iii 33 . With DE, FRI, DO of pers. or thing, does with (to): ised dognith de was done with him, IT i 142 . ní fhetar . . . cid dernad de, TBFr. 295 . an ro chara, dagné dímsa, 303 . cid má ndénai-siu damsa sain? TBC-LL¹ 218 . cid dogenam friu-so[m]?, Hy. ii 10 Comm. ( Thes. ii 311 ). cid dogéin (leg. dogén) frit chorp coemdil? what shall I do with thy body? SR 2050 . cid dogéntar friu?, TBC-I¹ 173 (LU). In neg. phrases with acht and cen: asbert ni digned acht sid, BB 193b24 . drong nach déin acht droichdhíol fiach, TSh. 4650 . aderaid . . . na denaid na leagha acht biadh do bacail don othar that physicians do nothing but prevent the sick from eating, 23 P 10, 152vb36 . is demin nach dingin-sea gan in comrac-sa do denam that I shall not refrain from fighting, Aen. 2931 . ní dingnuind-si ar ilimud maithesa gan dul ann, ZCP vi 72 . In passive often happens, takes place: in talamscugud dognither and, CCath. 1015 . amhail dorónta cidh iarttain, Hugh Roe 256 . doridned . . . co n-edbrad Cain māine (= factum est ut offerret C., Gen. iv 3 ), Lec. 530b38 . doridned laitheada Adaim iar tusmed Seth do .i. ocht cét bliadan (= facti sunt dies Adam . . . octingenti anni, Gen. v 4 ), 531b49 . cf. 532a1 , 27 , 32 , 43 , in all of which the pass. of dogní is an artificial translation of Lat. fieri.

(b) Used to avoid repetition of another vb., like Eng. do (see Celtica i 318 ): — báidhter ón, ar Mac an D. — Ni dingnum itir, ol M., Imr. Brain i 64 . — imrem fithchill. — Ni dernus riam, ar C., Ériu v 30 . do slechtadar . . . damsa ┐ doghenaid duitsi mar sin, CF 215 . dia hingreim doridhisi amail dorighni fecht n-aill, BS 122 . rocomroic Ioib riasi . . . amal danid re hIunaind, TTebe 782 . sechain toil na drúisi amail dodhenta tiagarna fuar as you would (shun) an unfeeling master, Ériu v 138 . smachtaigh do ben amail dodhenta do mac, 114 . damad maith lat a losccadh, dogéntae, Moling 42 .

(c) fulfils, executes, carries out (a wish, command, etc.): dénaid mo réir-se, FB § 16 . dén reir do mathar is t'athar, ZCP vi 272 . in airet donet mu reir, Lism. L. 3522 . ní dingna réir do lethéid he will not obey the like of thee, Fianaig. 74 . co ndernur do reir, Ériu iii 14 . is noeb cach oen dugní toil ind ríg, Thes. ii 294 (SP iv). is lestar fás . . . nad déni thoil ind ríg, ib. doní toil a menman ria, Imr. Brain i 65 . ní dingnum do comairle we will not take your advice, IT ii2 134 . da ndernair-se mo comhairle-si, Ériu v 98 . dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do-gneithi ann if my advice were followed, Leb. Gab.(i) 252 . nephetarcna inna timnae ndiade ata deinti that are to be carried out, Ml. 58a20 . Cf. further: dorinde C.C. an t-abur docum ar cruthaigh Dia é accomplished the purpose for which God created him, BCC § 376 .

(d) Freq. with object either directly expressing or implying activity of some kind.

(i) With an accus. of kindred meaning: is gnim anecni dogníu, Wb. 17c11 . dorinnsid gnim n-imamnas, SR 3616 . truag lim-sa in gnim dognither isin maidin-sea, TBC-I¹ 2314 . co ndernsat gníma móra, IT i 76 . dorigéni gnímrada gaile forro, TBC-LL¹ 1967 (dorinde, St.). ní dern (dernd, derd, MSS.) sáithar cen ḟochraic may I do no work without reward, Ériu vi 116 . ar nā dendáis gním no mugsaine isin domnaig, Ériu ii 200 . in muid dungní cach oen láu of the work he does every day, Thes. ii 294 (SP ii). síu donear mo mudu | i fiadhnaisi int sluaig, TBC-I¹ 2276 = TBC-LL¹ 3078 . amail dogéntais in mbeirt, Ériu iv 110 . ní dénat firtu they do not work miracles, Wb. 12b20 . dogníth mór fertae he wrought many miracles, Hy. ii 33 . a ndorigne do ḟertaib, v 67 . cumbad for Martain dogneth Dia in mirbuil-sin, RC ii 388 = Lat. Lives 89 . ni dernad ┐ ní dingentar mirbuil bud mō, Todd Lect. vi 71 . in torand-chless dogní-siu, TBC-LL¹ 1756 . a cleas dorigniusa fiada the feat I have performed before him, TBC-I¹ 1270 . it e dorigensat ind abairt sin, 1425 (LU). cid mór do chomramaib gaili ┐ gaiscid dogné nech, 1862 . ni fo cian . . . co nderna-som béit n-aile, 486 . ni dernnsat ban-echta ban, MR 212 .

(ii) With an abstract subst. as obj., to express a moral action or a feeling: ainmne do dénam to exercise patience, Ériu i 196 . cé dogénsam ainmne uime, ACL iii 295 . na dene ainmnit show not patience, Ml. 55a1 . amarus dogní forom-sa he suspects me, SG 80 . dia mbad athirge dognéth Adam if A. repented, SR 1409 . ac Rígh corpgil doron athirge dim phecthaib may I be penitent, ACL iii 298 . co ndernur aithrigi is fedbdacht, 243 . digal ind ancridi dogní nech frit, Sg. 181a6 . dentar anlecht let-sa fri hA., TE 8 (Eg.). adubairt . . . co nderrna si brég ara gelladh, ZCP vi 277 . conadh becc mbuada nó mbuadhnaisi badh denta do Poimp de P. had little reason to exalt, CCath. 5096 . dognidh buidechus mor, 6000 . dénaid chalma be valiant, LL 225a23 ( TTr. 581 ). cein dogeni calma, TBC-I¹ 1267 . is í tra celg dosgní Guaire, SG 64 . in ceasacht do[g]niad na mná the niggardliness which women practise, Ériu v 24 . ní dhénadh cert nā dligedh uime would not do right or justice, TTebe 832 . dēni (déne, LU) cōir ngaiscid frim give me fair play, TBC-I¹ 1288 . masa chonnalbai dogni, 234 . do-nídís crábhadh, TSh. 8928 . dogni mo chumtabairt thou art doubtful of me, SR 2888 . is coir dáibh-si . . . deghmenma do denamh to be of good courage, CCath. 1692 . co ndenad deirc móir dend airliud used to perform great charity, Hy. v 25 Comm. ( Thes. ii 332 ). maircc doní díomas as ór who is proud of gold, KMMisc. 364 . gan a dhiomdha do dénomh without grudging, ZCP viii 221 . co n[d]ingen-sa díth ┐ dochar duit, vi 49 . dogní dormuine, SG 373 . adrubairt A. riu gen drochciall do denam not to act foolishly, TTebe 416 . cid ben dognē drūis, KMMisc. 272 . rium-sa na déna duilghe be not harsh to me, BS 88 . mór d'eniuch dorigne much hospitality did he exercise, ZCP viii 272 . fer . . . na derna espa riam, YBL 164a5 . a fhir doghni an t'éad who art jealous, O'Gr. Cat. 604 . cid fáilte . . . dungneu `though it be joy I . . . make' (feel?), Ml. 92a17 . déni fatchius be on thy guard, TBC-LL¹ 1495 , cf. 1419 . ferg fri suide ní dernaim I cannot get angry with it, IT iii 47 . ni denad fearg fri nech, YBL 155b47 . nar cóir dó ferg do denamh re F., BCC § 160 . ni dū d'fir an fiabrais fearg do denam a fever patient should not get angry, 23 P 10, 153vb23 . a ben, ní dēn fingail fort, SR 1539 . go ndiongnadh fírinne might speak truth, Keat. ii 3667 . nach iad na mairtirigh amháin dorinde an foidhidi-so who displayed this patience, BCC § 7 . an tí doni foighinne 'n-a bochtaine who is patient in his poverty, Ériu v 130 . ná dern féin forcraid lest I be guilty of excess, SR 1583 . an gairdechus dorinne, Fier. 179 . denaidh gliccus deal cunningly, 189 . doní da gaib gus achieves valour with his spears, Imr. Brain ii 288 . dénatt idna let them practise purity, BColm. 98 . ni denta iongnadh dom faicsin-si andso let no one wonder, ZCP x 285 . doním iongantas I am surprised, Keat. iii 5485 . má día bfaghainn-se bás de, | dá fhios ní dingninn leisce, SG 64 . dogním less na n-anm[ann]a, SR 1196 . an té doní les a cheli, assé a les fene doni, BCC § 202 . cia . . . ná digni m'amles, SR 6146 . ni dhernus-sa th'aimhlessa I have done you no hurt, BS 146 . truid . . . .i. on luas doni from its speed, Corm. Y 1236 . doriṅgnis maith reme sut ┐ dogéna 'n-a diaid, TBC-LL¹ 5778 . níchon dergeni nach maith, TBC-I¹ 2067 . nā hindis fein maith da ndingne do not tell any of the good you do, ZCP vi 272 . co ná dernad orm mebal, SG 57 . doghníd méirdreachus, craos ┐ droichbhearta eile, Eochairsg. 10 . meisge do dhenamh, Luc. Fid. 118 . denaidh míne ris deal gently with him, RC xxix 122 . nert ni dernim strength I cannot exercise, xxv 24 . aindre áille uchtgheala, | ettorra doniodh a óighe he kept his virginity, ZCP i 64 . do neoch na dene olcc nach annrecht friu, Laws iv 176 . co brath nocha dingned olcc, Ériu v 26 . cach olc donithea fri hUltu, ZCP v 504 . ni fuil olc nar dernsamar riu, TBC-LL¹ 5697 . dogniat cach pecad, Wb. 30c14 . da mionca doghnídh duine peacadh marbhthach, Eochairsg. 12 . an tí nach denand peccadh, BCC § 182 . denam pennait buan, SR 1573 . atibset in linn . . . ┐ ni dernai pudar doib did them no harm, Hy. iv Pref. ( Thes. ii 323 ). mór an pudhar do ronsaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 . dogné sáiri na sruithe, Ériu i 198 . dogniat subachas ┐ somenma, SG 346 . ma dogné tarba if you make use (of it), Ériu v 116 . na dena tnuth re duine envy not, 126 . doróine trocaire riu, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . cad é an fáth as a ndéanfá-sa trom ar mhnaoi that you should be so hard on (another) woman, O'Gr. Cat. 620 . trom oirne níor déanta dhuibh, Ó Bruad. ii 134 . tuirsi oca cia donéo though I grieve thereat, Ériu vii 240 . cach úabar dogensat all the pride they have been guilty of, Ériu i 201 . int aenmacc ríg is mó dorinne d'uaisli ┐ d'agh ┐ d'orbert, ZCP viii 111 . uamun brátha . . . cia dogneimmis ba cooir 'twere right for us to be in fear of Doom, SR 8052 .

(iii) Esp. with a vn. or equivalent, as periphrasis for finite tense of vb. (see Celtica i 318 ): denaid anmain stay , KMMisc. 313 . doroine Rónan altugadh buidhe do Dia, BS 176 . intan ba hāin phuill dognitis, TBC-I¹ 496 . tugas fom bréithir . . . nach diongnainn ár that I would do no slaughter, ML 114 . is leis dorignead cet-ar ┐ cet-buain ar tus he was the first to plough and reap, Lec. 66b5 . an beannachadh dorigne Bóas ar a mheithil, Eochairsg. 41 (cf. do-beir bennachtain for . . .). an duine doni moran cainnti who talks much, Ériu v 130 . denam cennach let us make a bargain, BS 88 . co ndénsat cennach fris, FB § 77 . in codlud doniat na fir, Aen. 2069 . d'éis an chodalta-sa dorinnus, CF 98 . go ndéana mé suan beag codhlata till I take a nap, 144 Eg. in comerge dorigni in phéist, FB § 85 . dorinne coimerghi romuinn he rose up, Fianaig. 58 . ni deinim comnaidhe i n-áon áit I do not abide, BS 177 . go ndingnadh oirissemh ┐ comhnaighe issin gcathraigh, Fl. Earls 142 . doberim dom bréthir . . . nach dingnum comól that we shall never drink together, Fianaig. 78 . déna creidemh gan mhirún believe , Duan. F. i 74 . cumann cleithe nocha ndernus I have had no secret amour, Ériu i 20 . gé dognéi-si dioghal dhe, BS 150 . doní faisnéis, Triads 141 gl. (p. 39) . dogen fireolas duit I will guide thee, CF 26 . ná dén escar do not fall, O'Gr. Cat. 662 . dorinde doib faistine, BB 21a17 . in fégadh doróine Diarmaid darsan bhféice on D.'s looking across the ridge-pole, SG. 72 . do dheanamh foghlamtha to get training, RC xxix 110 . co nderna an ríghan a fáisidin till the queen make her confession, Imr. Brain i 65 . forcetol ba menciu dogníd Petar, FA 32 (LU). doronsat frithaire, Todd Nenn. 82 . doní Lassair araile gaitt irisech commits a certain pious theft, BColm. 84 . dognither guin galann d'Ailill a wound is inflicted on A., RC xxiv 186 . ní dergenaimse icc andso I cannot effect a cure, TBC-LL¹ 4387 . an tí nach deanann idhbuirt dona deibh, RC xxxiv 322 . dorinneadar imram they rowed, CF 32 . doronsad iomrámh, ML 44 . déna imthecht depart , SG 60 . déna ingeilt ois practise pasturage, KMMisc. 262 . an lucht doní ingreim don phobul who attack, RC xxxiv 308 . maoladh do dhenam to become bald, 3 C 19, 53 rb 1 . dodéna an mesrugud he will do judgement, ZCP viii 211 . cia dognéo móidim, Wb. 17c20 . isund dognither int ongath here the anointing is done, Thes. ii 251 . precept doroine S. abb Roma, FA 32 (Eg.). ronnaire .i. ronnad doni don biud, Corm. Y 1124 . slond gnimo dogni indidit the indicative conveys the signification of the action, Sg. 153a3 . dorinneadar sealbh dár mbuinne sriobhmall took possession of, 3 C 13, 897.13 . is me dorigni in seilgc séig who hunted the deer, SR 2869 . dorónsat selgad, SG 328 . doronsad sealga, RC xxiv 196 . ni derna riamh thochus he never scratched himself, Mart. Don. Oct. 21 . dénum ar sibal let us pursue our course, Hy Fiach. 218 . is écoir an smuaineagh (leg. -eadh) dorindius I was mistaken in my thought, Imr. Brain i 65 . doni se snam ar in olaid it floats on oil, 24 B 3, 94.24 . rón i. animal, on roṡnam doni, Corm. Y 1115 . tecmáil rim ge dorinde though he encountered me, Ériu iv 216 . dentar teichedh linn let us flee, BS 104 .

With obj. gen.: huare nach derni a adamrugad he cannot (express) admiration of him, Ml. 128c3 . dobretha M. filid ara chend, co nderntais a aerad ┐ a aithised that they might satirize and revile him, TBC-I¹ 2213 . ascnam ind ecna . . . dognitis, Alex. 807 , cf. Anecd. v i . is Patraic dorigne a mbaitsed P. baptized them, Hy. ii 16 Comm. ( Thes. ii 313 ). doníat a berbhudh ┐ a thomailt they cook and eat it, Marco P. 152 . doni bisec a dhorchadais increases , Ir. Astr. Tr. 90 . caemc[h]ód bachall dorónsatt they exchanged croziers, BColm. 84 . déni mo chobair, RC viii 152 . asbertatar fri Coinculaind dognithi (dognithe, LU) a chuitbed isin dunad that he was being mocked, TBC-I¹ 1639 . dermad na luirighi-sin dorondad, oir ni thuc leis o Ailich that corslet was forgotten, YBL 209a28 . dorag-sa co nderna-su mo dichendad, TBC-I¹ 1299 . dorigni in diliu a ndilgenn, SR 2724 . ní dénad écnach neich, Hy. v 5 Comm. ( Thes. ii 327 ). darónais a n-etargaire, LL 120b43 . dogéan-sa a ḟaillsiugad don rig I will reveal it, Todd Nenn. 96 . dena fothrucud, SR 1598 . ni dernai glanadh a gnúsi nó tonach a lāmh, CCath. 1170 . a gerrad dorindead a broind a mathar he was excised, Ériu ii 176 . trénfir dodigenat m'íarmoracht who will follow on my track, LU 10261 . dūs in foigebtais . . . nech doneth (sic leg.) a n-imditin anyone to protect them, SR 5564 . dena a impodh turn it, Moling 47 . doni mo ghnuis incosg mo chineoil my face proclaims my race, RC xxxiv 312 . mad indscuchud donead lucht na saith if . . . have gone away, Laws iv 174 Comm. dentar irgnam bid ┐ lenna, CRR 23 . dogentar liumm do leigheas, TE 10 (Eg.). dorinne a marcaighecht he rode it, Ériu v 190 . dognít a n-oegidecht la fer n-amra they stay with, LL 281a40 . atbertsat . . . na dingnetís a n-oirfited would not entertain them, PH 895 . doronad a n-orddugud, SR 82 . na léic uait in dana bocht | nó co nderna anocht a riar till thou have attended to his wants, SG 20 . dorinne M. ár seachna has abandoned us, ML 118 . rí dorigni scail int sluaig who scattered the host, SR 2769 . dén-sa do slondadh dhamh-sa tell your name, BS 102 . ronsnādat .i. donet ar sóerad, Hy. v 92 Comm. ( Thes. ii 348 ). dēca in ba teclaim na fertus dogena fá [a] n-imscothad whether you are to select the shafts or strip them, TBC-I¹ 782 . dena mo theagosc instruct me, ACL iii 241 . dena mo thinchosc, SR 1581 . dorigni tochmarc inna ecailse do Chríst he had wooed the Church, Tur. 48 . cibe uair dogentai tochmharc a hingine, Ériu iii 168 , cf. TE 9 (Eg.). dentar trial mo berthasa let an essay be made to tonsure me, Hy. ii Pref . ( Thes. ii 307 ). ní fail doruirme .i. doné a thurim, v 67 Comm. ( Thes. ii 344 ). Note also: do[g]ním-se . . . bheth ag denamh mo chloise (leg. chless?) ngoile, RC xxix 114 .

(iv) With nouns indicating sounds: crandord dogníd cacha nóna he used to bellow (of a bull), TBC-LL¹ 1538 . da nderna fogur . . . le n-a fiacla (of a sick person), 23 P 10, 3b42 . a dhoimh do[g]ni an fogharán that lowest, BS 80 . dorinneadar na cineadhacha fuaim, Psalms xlvi 6 . cad fá ndernais in gáire sin? why did you laugh? SG 239 . dorinne int aitheach geanus grainemhail gāire, Ériu v 180 . doronsat guba mor, Metr. Dinds. iii 483 . an úall-so doghniad na sluaig, Ériu i 103 .

(v) With bás or similar subst.: ni diṅgnea bás doibsiut acht intí dogéna bás dam-sa no man shall kill them unless he kills me first, TBC-LL¹ 432 . taiscter lib in cloidem so, | arm dá ndingantar ernmas, SG 252 . co rodergensat a aided killed him, RC xvi 156 ( Dinds. 144 ). co ndergenai a haided 'sin loch út she perished in that lake, SG ii 468 . déanam éag (= moriamur), TSh. 2371 .

(vi) With ceist discusses (an argument), pleads (a cause): ná derntar isin domnach ceist ná caingen, Ériu ii 200 . isi cet-ceist ┐ cet-imcomarc dorigm diabul isin domum, BB 16b45 . is ann doníatt gach ceistt cruaidh ┐ cach documal comairle, Maund. 21 .

With comairle takes counsel, holds a council: co ndernadh comairle ag maithib Dhál A. cia dorachadh, etc., BS 50 . g u ndernadh Aengus in ri | rena chairdib comhairli, BB 30b28 . ni mhaidh for Laigniu da ndearnat a comairle ann (sc. in a certain spot), RC xxiv 50 . Cf. (c) supra and II (d).

(vii) With cath or similar subst.: doronsad cath fearrdha they fought, ML 18 . ni digéon-sa comrac fris, TBC-I¹ 1647 ; 1304 , 2439 . coná dernum deibech, 2671 . dognítis forbais . . . ar oirrighaibh Erenn, SG 36 . nocho dentais gleic, LL 142b24 . dorinnetar gleó fíchda, Fianaig. 90 . dorinneadar an irghail co hingantach, CF 883 . dorín Brian . . . sluagh Mumhan made a hosting of Munster, O'Gr. Cat. 521 .

(viii) With subst. denoting agreement, compact, etc. (rather to be referred to this head than to II, such a subst. being regarded in Irish as a quasi-vn.): doronsat aentaig re Cruithnib, Todd Nenn. 42 . dogénsat bráthirse frisna túatha made an alliance with, ZCP viii 315 . dorondad brathairse iter firu Erind ┐ Alban, YBL 126b13 . dogeni cairdes fri suidiu, TBC-I¹ 2967 . rofrecart-sidhe . . . in dingne[d?] cairdes dosidhe would she grant him a truce, Anecd. ii 51 . dia ndernam caratrad, Imr. Brain i 43 . dogniat cōrai make peace, TBC-I¹ 1426 . denamm cotach is cardes, SR 1150 . na dénaid friu . . . cuibdi, cardes no clemnas, 4843 . doróine a chatach fria naomu Arann, SG 40 . digensat essomon, Anecd. iii 60 . dorigensatar síd, SR 5929 . mina dēnair sidh ris . . . dodhēn cogudh rit-sa, ZCP vi 49 . ní denta lá sída céin ba beo never a day's peace was made (with them), SG 49 . daróine ar síth . . . gan díth óige donn' inghin he wrought peace between us, ZCP viii 562 .

(ix) With nouns indicating respect, favour, etc.: dorinnidar gloire do Críst gave glory to, Lib. Flav. i 2ra2 . Ri dorigne . . . humalloit dia apstalaib, SR 7697 . fiadhaighis riasna clerchib ┐ dorona umhaloid doib, Hy Fiach. 38 . dorinne umhla dhó, Ériu i 93 . i n-ainm an aird mhic doghní grása, O'Gr. Cat. 545 . dorigne grása ar an duine uasal showed favour to, Eochairsg. 113 .

(x) With cáin, etc. = dobeir c. (for) levies: bid fáid . . . dingenai (dogenai, v.l.) soerc[h]ain for slabri, ZCP ix 453 . co nderna rí Locha L. cáin for cach tūeth, viii 316 . dorinneamarne seacht gcéad loiligheach ar mhuinntir F. we assessed . . . at seven hundred milch-cows, Maguires of F. § 78 .

(xi) Of a calling, art, etc., practises, plies, performs: ba hesnad ainm in chiuil dignitis na fianae, Corm. Y 562 . do[g]nídh Neiptis . . . cúiseach bind, Ériu iv 174 . is álaind, a macáin, in cluichi dogní, Ériu i 118 . oés dogní dán artists, Triads p. ix . dénaidh bhar nd(h)ána perform vour arts, Ériu iv 178 . dogénadsa elada, SG 274 . doronsat na hingena éladna inganta, PH 897 . etar fileda ┐ áis ndénma sairse artists, SG 212a11 .

(xii) holds, celebrates (a festival, etc.), observes, performs (a rite): feis Temrach gach tres bliadain . . . dognithi in tan sin go tenn | ag rígaib amra Eirenn, O'Gr. Cat. 578 . is leis dorónad feis Temrach ar tús, ZCP viii 325 . is amlaid dognithe in tarbfes, LU 3450 ( SCC § 23 ). oenach dogníthe la Ultu cacha bliadna, 3222 (§ 1). aenach Taillten do denom la rí[g] Erenn, RC xviii 275 . co ndernad mor-thinol clerech nEorpa co Torinis, Todd Nenn. 188 . dogníed mórdál Dromae Ceta la rígaib Éirenn, BColm. 54 . co ndéntais a n-airechta saidbre sédacha, Ériu iv 163 . mairg fearu Eirenn na denann feil Patraic, Lib. Flav. i 25rb38 . na hIudhail, as é lá doníd an féil, O'Gr. Cat. 309 . doní secht n-aifrinn ann, BColm. 82 . dogníat ord in domnaig etir salmu ┐ precept, Imr. Brain ii 285 . is cóir degurd do denam ann indiu to perform the proper service, Ériu i 44 . is lais dogníad urddu téchtai (of monks), 219 . acht co nderna se a trātha provided he observe the canonical hours, ACL iii 222 . is ann dogen mo trátha-sa, RC xiii 98 . antan dogni-som figild performs a vigil, Mon. Tall. 128 . ceni denae crosfigill, 138 . dogníd-som immon Michil lasin crosfigill he performs (recites) a hymn to Michael, 137 . l(o)nd sailm aurnaigi déulái . . . .i curp lai dusgnid-som the evening psalms of prayer he performs in the middle of the day, 129 . déna soiscél dúind read a gospel lesson to us, Imr. Brain 164 . as innte dorónsat an Chaissc celebrated Easter, AFM 1201 (iii 130) .

(xiii) Miscellaneous exx. in which there is either transference of obj. or extension of the meaning of the vb.: int shūil dogen-sa fris the look I will give him, TBC-I¹ 705 . dolotar na daimh fon dithreb . . . ┐ doronsat a[l]-lá ria n-aidhche did their day's ploughing, BNnÉ 39.13 . dorigset sét . . . do Ramissa journeyed , SR 3957 ; 4073 . donim slighi . . . ga n-iaraidh sin, Lib. Flav. i 21rb17 . fios na slighe[dh] dorinne Cúchullainn the road C. took, RC xxix 116 . do chaora dhuit . . . do[g]nim do bhreith breitheman I award thee thy sheep, ZCP xii 382 . doníd-sium a daithin gach n-oidci eats his fill, ZCP i 103 . cid indhí nad caodet (= chaithet) feoil dogres, dogniad pars isind Chaisc de feoil take a piece of meat, Mon. Tall. 132 . dochum na chuchdin dóib co ndenad cách díob and pars de feoil, ib. ní derna sé a shuipér farusan did not eat his supper with them, BNnÉ 114 . go ndernsat a medhon laoi took their midday meal, Fl. Earls 28 . doni na briathra-sa utters , Lec. 611a27 . doronsad . . . cainbriathra do righ Érenn, KMMisc. 313 . ised dorígne Alaxandir i n-a eipistil comdar casa . . . iat A. said in his letter that . . ., Alex. 719 . cid fogním cid fochésad dorróntar in hoc uerbo one can express oneself both in the active and the passive, Wb. 13d21 . an branar gan déanamh that the fallow-land was not upturned, PCT 1826 . mairg doghní branradh go bráth | is ann a dtráth gan chur shíl (`leaves land fallow'; upturns the fallow without sowing seed?), O'Gr. Cat. 614 . go bplannduighidh tú fíneamhain, ┐ nár dhearnaidh tú foghmhar uirre (= non vindemies eam, Deuteronomy xxviii 30 ), TSh. 9707 . in tan is ar logh dognithar dān doibh `when it is for a fee they are taught the art', Laws iv 236 . doróni Collanach légenn do Thaircell C. put T. to study, Moling 12 . dodhénuinn leighionn ┐ lánḟoghluim duit I would give thee learning and instruction, Ériu v 98 . an uair tainec am legind do denamh do Mhunda when the time came for M. to receive instruction. BCC § 161 . doníd áit leabhar dona tuat[h]adhaibh (images) take the place of books for the laity, Ó Héodhusa 143 . lochdach `maith' no `olc' a ttús chomhfhocuil; `deagh' ┐ `dagh' ┐ `droch' doní a n-ionadh, IGT Introd. § 97 . go ndearnadar bhur n-ionadhsa dhamh, 1 Corinth. xvi 17 . Note also: grian i n-Aquair . . . doróined im-mís Enair the sun has been placed (?) in Aquarius, SR 234 . ni den ciall uaim péin isin canóin `I will put no sense of my own into the canons', MS. Matthew 530 ( Lib. Flav. i 11va ).

(e) With vn. phrase, e.g. do-gní a láma do nige = do-gní n. a lám (the older construction, see (d) (iii) above): do chin huair nach atamar, | dogénat do clanna iar tain | dogres a cin d'imresain, SR 1407 . déntar leo . . . uan d'idpairt, 3899 . dorigni Iob . . . in slóg do rím J. numbered the host, 6817 . donidis a righ fein do marbad, KMMisc. 312 . go ndiongnadh críoch Laighean uile d'argain, Keat. ii 6341 . an altóir ar a ndeárnadh sé corp Chríost d'ofrálughadh, Eochairsg. 19 . in mac doróine d'idhpairt whom he offered up, RC xxxvii 348 . dá ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh, Maguires of F. § 61 . dorinne Flann aonach Tailltean do chommóradh, Keat. iii 3014 . an ndénta eich do reidhiughadh? would you break in horses? Ériu v 190 . dorine Carn Amhalgaidh do thochailt, Hy Fiach. 100 . nach ndéanair sinne bhéoghudh arís? wilt thou not revive us again? Psalms lxxxv 6 . a ferand lais in fer donither and do orgain the man who is trespassed upon, Laws iv 92 Comm. intan donither nōs nó dliged do nuaidiged, Marco P. 96 . dorónadh in lúithech catha sin do cumdach ac Brutus B. caused . . . to be constructed, CCath. 1809 . dorighneadh leo raona leathna do reidhiughadh they cleared broad passages, ML 130 . in ferann ima ndernad mac rig do marbad, RC xxvi 134 .

(f) With substantival clauses as obj.: dorigne Dia corbo mag mínscothach in móin, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 329 ). dorigni Moisi. . . dia fleisc co mba glé-nathir turned his rod into a bright snake, SR 3853 (cf. II (g) below).

II Makes .

(a) creates, forms, constructs: doriṅgne Dia nem ┐ talmain, LL 1 . do thalmain do-t-riṅgned (said to Adam), 22 . in saer-denmaid domrigni, SR 2060 . si[u] dognetis aingil uais before the angels were created, 7853 . toingim don Righ domroighne, ZCP viii 221 . is and doronta in[n]a dúili, Ériu iii 116 . fria muindtir dorrigena the household He has made (i.e. the angels), Ériu ii 140 . oroit ar Thurcain lasa ndernad in [c]hrossa, Thes. ii 289 . digéni Cummen cétaig `made a mantle', 239.20 (Ardm.). is leis ar thus doronait failge óir, Rawl. 147a27 . dogní claideb craind, TBC-I¹ 940 . dogníat druidi ind rig . . . nathracha, SR 3849 . doroindi side armu doib, RC xxiv 196 . co ndernsat na héoin a n-nitu, Hy. v 19 Comm. ( Thes. ii 331 ). is e mod frisa mbitis cumala riasiu dorontais muilind before mills were made, Corm. Y 324 . fer dénma bairgine a baker, Sg. 184b3 . gu ndérna longphort ic druim nG., O'Gr. Cat. 5 . Breoghain . . . leis dorondadh Brigandsia Brigantia was founded (built), BB 21a40 . dogensad botha and, TBC-I¹ 903 . dena tegdais don Chomdid, SR 6880 . co nderndtais dóib eclais nglain, 4187 . dognithit eclais don clerech, LB 260a59 . oroit do Ultan . . . dorigni in caissel, Thes. ii 289 . caislen Cenanduis do denom la Gallaib, RC xviii 301 . drochet .i. drochsét .i. ara olcas int seta darsin-dentur across which it is built, Hy. vi 4 Comm. ( Thes. ii 350 ). doringset leasa (liassu, LU) fora loegaib, TBC-I¹ 908 . dognisedar liasa fa n-innilibh, ZCP viii 544 . is leis doronad clad Saxan, Todd Nenn. 62 . doronta a n-airlisi ┐ a rrigdúine ann, Corm. Y 883 . The name of the material, etc., of which something is made is introduced by DE: dorigne smirchomairt di chnamaib, TBC-I¹ 2869 . dia nderna don chriaid cheir when he made a plaster of the clay, SR 7683 . is di lus bīs forsnaib caircib dognither in chorcur buide, Tur. 115 ( Thes. ii 492 ). cid delg ni der[n]tar de not even a skewer can be made of it (wood), Trip.² 2284 . co ndernait limsa de secht ndabcha I made seven vats with it, Ériu iv 134 .

Under this head may be classed further: ní dene tenid ratha do not make a fire of fern, Ériu i 194 . co ndernai tenid dam, TBC-I¹ 461 . fobith doṅgníat cercol ocond ocbáil they make (i.e. describe) a circle, BCr. 18d2 ( Thes. ii 13 ).

(b) forms (by aggregation of units), constitutes, makes up: dorigne T. cath dia mhuintir formed his men into a battalion, SG 321 . doronsatar aen-cath dib, MR 142 . Mod. often with súas: déanamh nuimhre suas, Content. v 124 . a mesg . . . na leabhar . . . da ndearnadair suas a mbiobla of which they made up their Bible, Luc. Fid. 282 .

(c) prepares, gets ready: dorondad imda Domnaill for lár in righthaigi, Ériu v 232 . iomdha Ghiolla Íosa do dhéanam in-aon seomra ris féin, Maguires of F. 28 . gidh maith gach leaba . . . dorighnes seachnóin Eirenn each spot I have slept in, BS 154 . co ndernsat (argniat, v.l.) a muinter biadh doib, RC vi 174 . dentar praind ┐ tomaltus (a command), CRR 23 . tomaltas bídh ┐ leanna do dhénum do na cléirchib, SG 68 . denam seillne ind domnuch ni cóir laisim acht a ndenam riam he does not think it right to prepare an extra course on Sunday, Mon. Tall. 145 . fer dogní fleid, fer dia ndéntar he who gives a feast and he to whom it is given, Triads 94 . co ndernad fled do Brenaind, Hy. v 33 Comm. ( Thes. ii 335 ). doroindeadh coibflead mor do la ri dia thuathaib, YBL 138a8 .

(d) Of mental or abstract construction, makes, devises, frames: a ndliged dogniat gréic the law which the Greeks make, Sg. 40a7 . is i comairli dorigni Ioib, a mac . . . do chur a n-ifren the plan (resolution) Jove formed, TTebe 580 . conid hí comairli doroindi, tiachtain, etc., ZCP viii 276 . is olc . . . in comairli doníthi .i. ar marbad-ni, Ériu v 152 . dorinde an manuch drochcomairli an uair sin, BCC § 248 . Cf. exx. under I (c), (d) (vi) above.

(e) Of literary composition: Fland fer légind . . . issé dos-róna (author names himself in final stanza of poem), LL 184b19 ( Arch. Hib. ii 74 ). isind áer dorighne Nede mac A. do rig Connacht, Corm. Y 698 . dorónus doibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne, ACL iii 296 . dena dam doibh focra lethamnas, 295 . Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in n-imun-sa do Patraic, Hy. ii Pref . ( Thes. ii 307 ). dorigniset lāid, TBC-I¹ 2249 , cf. 2615 , etc. Níníne écess doríne in n-orthainn-see, Hy. iii Pref . ( Thes. ii 322 ). psaltar na rann . . . dorigni Oengus, SR title . is and doringni Conchobar in rethoric-se, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10 . dodhendais draidi tinchealda druad na n-agaid, BB 40a45 .

(f) Of linguistic or grammatical formation: ní Antoniolus dogní gl. Antonius, quod Antoniaster facit diminutivum, Sg. 49a5 . ní contulitus dogni gl. contulatus, 74a3 ; cf. 46a7 . 93b7 , 104b6 , 105b3 , etc. a nomine Aiax . . . co ndeni Aiacides, PCr. 15a1 ( Thes. ii 225 ). ní in -um dogní a neutur it does not form its neuter in -um, Sg. 206a3 , cf. 46b10 . is cumtubairt ced dogní a ngenitiu what their genitive makes (i.e. how . . . is formed), 99a2 .

(g) dogní x de y makes x of y = turns y into x: do gach bíud maith doni neim | a c[h]ur isin cli caithmig, ACL iii 238 . cindus fer dia ndenid-si deu? of what kind of men do you make gods? Wb. 8c11 . airchinnig . . . dogniat dona indmasaib selba sainrudcha who convert treasures into personal property, FA 25 (LU). trí sóir dogníat dóeru díb féin, Triads 167 . bid demon dogénai bec do mór, dogéna mór do biuc, ZCP ix 451 . din chloich dorigne saland, Hy. v 40 ( Thes. ii 338 ) (perh. the stone became salt, see (h) below). amal dorigne Dia dil | do fleiscc Moysi derbhnat[h]raigh, RC xxxvii 346 . doroighne dairmes do dhoire `caused mast to grow in the oakwood', KMMisc. 168 . dochotar triat chridi . . . co ndernsat crois de indut, TBC-I¹ 2811 . dogníter anmann dilsi díib amal doṅgnither dindhí as Romanus they become (are used as) proper names (`proper names are formed from them'), Sg. 35b13 . cach fear . . . da ndentair fochlac who is made a fochlac , Lec. 126b40 . dorighnedh uisce searbh da lionn, SG 28 . dorinneadh Pápa do Anastasius, Keat. iii 739 . dorigned duini dit thou becamest a mortal, ACL iii 242 . braighde Eirenn . . . secht rígh acht co ndernta de that they might become seven kings, ZCP viii 108 . Seldom with adj. (in subst. use?): mairg doni lán don lestar who fills the vessel, ACL iii 240 . dogéna sin fáilid díot-sa, SG 403 . With AS: as in Magnus dogníthær a ndede-sin .i. diles ┐ doacaldmach `Magnus' is used both as a proper name and appellative, Sg. 29a11 . With extension of meaning: gadaigi dogni dimsa you make me out a thief, Ériu v 234 .

(h) In Mid.Ir. the vb. in the preceding construction comes to be used impersonally: dogní x de y = y is turned into, becomes x . Possible exx. from the O.Ir. glosses are: amal nád ṅdéni neutur dindí as tiberis cia doberthar flumen fris as t. does not become a neuter even though f. be put beside it (?), Sg. 63a17 (`it does not make a neuter of T. that f. is put with it', Thes.). is bésad na mmuimme dogní deidbleán di oc munud á dalti, Wb. 24d11 (`it is the custom of the nurse to make a weakling of herself', Thes. For the construction in general cf. Wb. 4d15 ). brister na rama ┐ doni gadrach dia longaib, Aen. 243 . do oluind cillches dia ndene pell of which a blanket is made, Corm. Y 239 (= dia ndénat, LB). atá do mét a seca . . . co ndéin cristal da huisci its water turns to crystal, Maund. 137 . da curthaidi sliabh teinedh ann, doghénad oigre ┐ snechta de (= in glaciem verteretur), RC xxviii 320 . dorigni troich ṅdorchaid dé | co torchair i cath Giluáe, SR 6397 . doreprendset cóic bainne a méraib Pátraic ┐ dorónai cóic oíbli dib, Trip.² 121 . is dona deoraib romuidsedar uaithi dorindi in loch, RC xvi 146 . dorigne tir tairngire d'Erinn a n-a ré Ireland became the Land of Promise, CF p. 73 , cf. SG 90 . cor rothuit in ballán . . . co nderna brioscbhruar de, SG 403 . dochim . . . go nderna balbhan dibh that you have become mute, Luc. Fid. 284 . Éireannaigh díbh go ndearna so that they became Irishmen, Ériu v 62 . Muire don deilbh ar ndéanamh when the statue had turned into Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 . With adj. (in subst. use?): co nderna uathbásach n-ilrechtach n-ingantach de, TBC-I¹ 1928 (LU). doní degbhlasda deghbhalaidh dhibh, 23 K 42, 416.4 .

(i) dogní x i n- y = makes (changes) x into y (less common than the two preceding constructions): ní .o. in .i. dogní son it (`caro') does not change o into i (in obl. cases), Sg. 93b3 . dorignedh in duine i n-anmain na beoaigheadh (= factus est homo in animam viventem, a lit. transl. of Gen. ii 7 ), BB 16a15 . roloisc Roimh . . . is dorigne i lechtu converted it into a graveyard, Lec. 47a1 . an t-uisge do bhí déunta 'n-a fhíon, John ii 9 . an lá sin dorinneadh Ioruaith ┐ Píoláid 'n-a gcáirdibh dha chéile Herod and Pilate became friends, Luke xxiii 12 . an lucht doní | leithrígh orra 'n-a thréinrí[gh] who make out a half-king to be a perfect king, Content. xiv 46 .

(j) do-gní mór (bec, etc.) de makes much (etc.) of, accounts as: . . . ni denaim-sea baa desin I set little weight on that, TBC-I¹ 361 . ní dénaim deccair do ní | acht rodeónaig int airdri I count nothing too hard, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . mogenair duine doni don tṡaegul uile neimní who holds the world as naught, ACL iii 221 . ní denam robríg de, TBC-LL¹ 859 = TBC-I¹ 361 . mór do-ghníd daoine dhíob féin, O'Gr. Cat. 555 . co tucat Laigin d'éislis sinn ┐ co ná dernat ní dinn, SG 410 . With AS: 'gan druing as a ndéine a lán the race of which you make such a lot, Content. v 67 .

(k) With adj. or equivalent as complement of pred., makes, renders (= Lat. reddit): do-m-ní driamail makes me melancholy, LL 146b49 ( PRIA xix 544 ). cid do-t-gni torsech?, TE 12 (LU). as é ni doni an t-aer cruinn, Ir. Astr. Tr. 18 . do-m-rigne losc lén sorrow has made me blind, LL 147a30 ( PRIA xix 548 ). gé go ndearnais geal é andé, | atá ina ghual féin aniugh though yesterday you made it white, O'Gr. Cat. 607 . dorinne sé ullamh é, Psalms vii 12 . ní dhernsam . . . dorcha lé dealradh briathar . . . briathra dealraighthe an Duilimh I have never obscured, Ó Héodhusa 4 . dorinneadar nocht mé, TSh. 9217 . nír chian go ndernadh an rig balb became dumb, SG 12 . With extension of meaning: méid na maslughadh dobheirid do Dhia an mhéid go ndéanuid breugach é make him out a liar, Eochairsg. 11 . With adverbial complement: nirbu cognomen acht darigni amin he made it one, Sg. 31b22 . co n-acca in tromchiaich . . . co nderna na tulcha amail insi il-lochaib, TBC-I¹ 3111 . is i so doni na plained co soimpaidtec makes the planets inclined to revolve, Ir. Astr. Tr. 120 . doní sé na dáine go conáigh makes prosperous, O'Gr. Cat. 259 .

(l) appoints, ordains, arranges: dorindi [Erimón] coicedaich ar Erind made provincial kings, Todd Nenn. lxv . a mbadar Laigin . . . oc denam rig a Temraig, Lec. 217a28 . doronsat inad coinne re chéile fixed a meeting-place, SG 11 . ar ndéunamh láe ris dóibh, tangadar mórán chuige when they had appointed him a day, Acts xxviii 23 .

(m) do-gní (claind) begets (FRI on): dona tri ballaib [f]uil acut da ndene cloind, Lec. 612a36 . Fachtna a athair ┐ is e dorigne Conchobur dar cenn Cathbaid, RC vi 178 . is iad dorigni Lugaid-tri-riab-nderg rena ṡiair, Ériu ii 174 . doroigne Mairt inn ingin Ermione re Uenir, TTebe 762 . is é dorinne an toirrches úd ría, Ériu v 164 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria, RC vi 175 . co ndernae da mac friu (of Lot), Rawl. 72a24 . fo clith doronad la Mac N. iat fri Fuinche, Fianaig. 4 . corob tre meirdreochas dorigned thusu, YBL 142a29 . hinn aidchi sin . . . dorigned rí na n-ech n-ard, ZCP viii 270 ( Rawl. 87b41 ). do nuimir clainni Dauida ┐ do hurd a ndenma the order of their begetting, Rawl. 73b7 . Rarely in meaning conceives: ingen dodngéna (sic leg.) fria hathair, ZCP viii 196 . ni hi cland na coluime, | cland fa deōid do dénam di | ar fēgad inn eoin eli, ACL iii 238 . Hence more widely breeds, increases (trans.): do greghoip . . . dogni eachraidh mór dona Rōmānchaibh, Fl. Earls 182 . fēr dogēna sil ┐ crann . . . dodēna torad (= herbam facientem semen et lignum faciens fructum, Gen. i 11 ). Lec. 528a27 . fuaratar cráin ┐ dā bhanbh dēcc . . . ionnus go ndernatar go lór do mhucaibh dīb bred, raised (?), BNnÉ 119 .

(n) produces, brings forth: déra dogníaad-san go dímór they shed abundant tears, ZCP viii 216 . cíamtis déra fola dognetís, FA 34 . roimhe nocha dherna neach | leth a nderna do dhéraibh, ZCP i 64 , cf. Mart. Don. May 14 . gibe doní fuil re n-a fual (= quicumque sanguinem mingunt). 23 K 42, 62.8 . doni an mac tire guth cíochanach, 3 C 22, 24a1 . guth fiaich leo ┐ as a n-adarcaib dognidis, Corm. Y 731 . Of natural phenomena: ceatha troma | doníd tonna thulcha Lēis the showers which the waves of the hill of L. make (?), CF 1024 (cf. 1004 ). nuchu dearna Dia fearthain for talmain (= pluerat, Gen. ii 5 ), BB 16a10 . ní dhearnadh fearthuin . . . feadh thrí mbliadhan it rained not, James v 17 . (fuinneóc) dusgni soillsi d'uile altoirip gives light to, Fl. Earls 250 .

(o) causes, gives rise to: mor doni domenma dhamh | an dogra roghabh an gheis causes me great sorrow, CF 1029 . idu ab idor (= ὕδωρ) .i. on fliuchaidecht doni a ngalar sin (of dropsy), Corm. Y 770 . doní mo deora duba | cruma ar tí m'feola (the thought) that worms shall eat my flesh begets my tears, ACL iii 216 . doní anāl maith ag neach (of a medicament), 23 K 42, 444.9 . asé in fín . . . is luaithi doni mesce causes intoxication, O'Gr. Cat. 216 . ní denann tart does not provoke thirst, 194 . acht go ndenuid tromdhacht isin cheann, 23 K 42, 72.13 . gach duine atchíodh iad, doníodh galar dhóibh it would make them ill, Keat. iii 3403 . dia ndeine galar gabail ara fual, Mon. Tall. 147 . dogénad galar duit sirligi lying abed would make thee ill, LU 3590 ( SCC § 30 ). dodhéan-sa míodhuaill ar sin I shall cause horror thereat, Ériu i 18 . gach easlainte donithear o lionadh caused by repletion, 23 K 42, 17.14 . neasgóit doníter o adhbur neimneach, 23 P 10, 4a31 . isé ní o ndentur an crith sin ┐ in spasmus , 4a15 . adeir G. co ndenter stranguiria o moran do modhaibh, 30b36 . Cf. do-gní domenma is dejected , do-gní mesce becomes intoxicated , II (d) above.

(p) wins, gains, obtains: doronsat Gaedil . . . bruid ┐ creith took captives and spoils, Todd Nenn. 172 . a ccreacha ┐ a n-edála arna ndénamh ┐ arna ccruinniughadh, Ériu v 76 . doni sin ríghe da réim secures the sovereignty for his line, Rel. Celt. ii 230 . gurbh' usa dhóibh cíos do dhíol ┐ do dhéanamh to `raise' the rent, PCT 1757 . mithigh duid dénamh carad time for thee to make a friend, IGT Decl. ex. 414 . Cf. further: dénasa in dara leth don Mide co mbad tairise . . . duit i (`so handle the one half of Meath'?), SG 403 .

(q) In sense of imm-déni proves, demonstrates: cid dogní latsu . . . conid breg he?, IT iii 201.9 . dogniat fiadhuin co follus cunud . . ., Laws ii 62.8 Comm. imdenat . . . .i. doniat, 326.23 Comm. ge daniter ar naill though they are proved by oath, iv 288.9 Comm. co nderntá enech na Troianda, TTr.² 1236 . do ní nonmar la heisinnraic a fuil for innraic, O'Curry 307 ( H 3.18 169 ).

III As intrans. vb.

(a) Used as extension of I (a) does, acts: déna amal as adlaic let, FB § 62 . amail rocinnsemh . . . is amlaid dognem, RC xiii 29 . ronertais dam-sa co ndernain hi cutrummus frim cheliu thou hast encouraged me to do like my fellows, PCr. 2a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). meni dérntais dar fócra lest they should act against (beyond) the decree, Ériu iv 94 . dodhéanmaoid-ne uime sin amhail doghníomaoid re gach docamhail oile, MR 62 . doronsat fon n-indus[s]in, Todd Nenn. 96 . dogniset amhail conaitecht Ó Domhnaill, Hugh Roe 102 .

(b) With AR (later also FOR) obeys, acts according to the wish or advice of. Orig. trans. as in first two exx.: as dénti ní airriu they are to be obeyed, Wb. 15a23 (see Thes. p. 51 ). dogéntar airiut, BDD² 215 . dia n[d]ernta-su form-sa if thou wouldst take my advice, TBC-LL¹ 1802 . da ndeirnta orm-sa, Cog. 200 . da ndearndais orm allmaraig, do fuicfidís do in conair, MR 174 . ní derna an rechtaire fair, BColm. 58 . dlomaid dóib asind ferunn ┐ ni densat fair, SG 234 . ma dogneithi eram-sa, Anecd. ii 53 . ni dingentar fort-sa, 50 . creud ma ndubhairt linn deunamh uirre to obey her (the Church), Luc. Fid. 365 .

(c) With LE (RÉ) deals with, acts towards (mod.): déan réd' shearbhfóghantuigh do réir thrócaire, Psalms cxix 124 . dorinne tú go maith léd' shearbhfóghantuigh, 65 . deun go mín leis an mbocht, GJ v 85 .

(c 1) With TAR does without, neglects : do-ghéanadh cách tar an gcois 'men would overlook the foot' Éigse xxxvii 98 § 5 . móide as deacair déanamh thort, DDána 99 § 17 . deacroide dhúinn déanamh thairis, O'Hara 2863 . mithidh dhúinn gan déanamh thort, Aithd. D. 153 § 7 . ní héidir dhúinn déanamh thort, 292 § 18 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh do shíor, IGT Introd. § 3 . déanamh thort ní tualaing sinn, Dán Dé 32 § 8 .

(d) Folld. by prep. or adv. denoting motion, makes for, goes (orig. with ellipse of vn. expressing motion, see O'Rahilly, Celtica 1 318 ff . ): dogeni L. for a āth came on to his ford, TBC-I¹ 836 (dagéini .i. tic, LU). Common in later Mid.Ir. and mod. lang.: tréig do thalamh duthchais, déin ar choiste Lundain, O'Rah. xxiv 26 . dénam dár ttoich, Ériu iv 54 . denum d'innsaighi Serluis let us go to meet, Fier. 117 . denum isteach da fēgain, Lib. Flav. ii 6ra35 . déanam thairis don taobh budh thuaidh let us cross, ML 72 . déanam súas go slíabh an Tighearna, Isaiah ii 3 . déunuigh romhaibh ar an ndubhaigéun, Luke v 4 . dogene atúaid came from the north, RC xiii 221 (B. na f.). go ndearnadar go réimdhíreach gus an bhfásach, Keat. iii 1013 . dorónsad na cathmhílidh a gcoinne ┐ a gcomhdháil a chéile, PCT 551 . léicit amach sa ffairrge iat do denomh ar in Spainn gach ndīrech, Fl. Earls 10 .

(e) Various uses with prepp.: congaib-side a chrícha cen choscru, cen chernu; ní déni di neoch, ní déni nech de he takes from none, ZCP xi 86 . secnadh gach uili fin . . . ┐ denadh re huisci meala let him be satisfied with, 3 C 19, 94 ra 4 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh which cannot be done without, IGT Introd. § 3 . gan bheithe bogtha do rádha innti tar nach éidir dénamh san ogham, § 1 .

1 do-midethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-midethar or dil.ie/18106

Forms: du-mmidethar, domidet, toimdet, dumestar, dumessatar, du-m-messur-sa, da-mídair, dorumadir, doroemaidir, dos-ruimdemar, duruimdetar, domitte, toimse, tomus, diruirmisem

v (* to-mid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 579 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. du-mmidethar, Ml. 82a3 . 3 pl. domidet, SR 99 . Ipv. 3 pl. toimdet, ZCP xi 95 § 47 . Subj. pres. 3 s. dumestar, Ml. 68d1 . 3 pl. dumessatar, Enchir. Aug. 86b ( ZCP vii 485 ). Fut. 1 s. du-m-messur-sa, Ml. 78a11 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. da-mídair, TBC-LL¹ 2901 . (With -ro-) dorumadir si, Ml. 16c11 . doroemaidir, SR 2709 , cf. 7955 (form due to analogy of ¤roemaid from maidid, see Strachan, VSR 65 ). 1 pl. dos-ruimdemar, Fél. Ep. 6 . 3 pl. duruimdetar, Ml. 87c4 . Impf. pass. s. domitte, Corm. Y 606 . Part. toimse.

Vn. tomus. See also 1 toimsid, toimsigid.

Weighs, measures, estimates: gl. pendere, Enchir. Aug. 86b , adpendere, Ml. 82a3 , perpendere, 68d1 , ponderare, 87c4 , metiri, 78a11 , emetiri, 16c11 , 25a18 . Oft. with prep. FRI (or A) of standard of measurement: rí tadban tomus . . . o firmimint co talmain | fris domidet . . . fri tiget na talmanna, SR 99 . flesc idaith domitte (donmitte, LB) frisna collnai ┐ frisna adnacula which used to be measured to (i.e. by which bodies and graves used to be measured), Corm. Y 606 . fri cathardu ┐ eclaisi domiditer luicc by cities and churches places are estimated, Fél. 2.5 . taircella tomus conid iar n-a durn toimdither by his hand it is measured, Laws iv 344.x . lutu laime fir dod(o)-midi(gh)t[h]ur measures it = is the measure of it (?), ZCP xiv 345 § 6 ( Laws ii 232 ). is a dealt domiter recomrac from a syllable a disyllable is reckoned, Auraic. 1953 . a med Lugbae cerd[a] dorumidir (doirumidir, v.l.) Fachtna a n-argat ar na bu F. weighed the silver, Corm. Y 811 . cia doroemadair . . . coemchathir ind rig?, SR 7955 . doroemaidir bith . . . tirib | tuathaib . . . milib stadib he measured the world . . . by countries, peoples, miles, stadia, 2709 . buiden cech óin laithi | dosruimdemar remain we have measured them out above, Fél. Ep. 6 (dosrimemar, diruirmisem we have enumerated them, v.l.). arán toimse (a hermit's ration), Ériu ii 56 § 8 . Guesses, solves a riddle: niméte ni thormassid, 'no doubt you can solve it' Thes. ii 292.21 , Ériu xxxiv 195 . Adjudges: mou álib imdergadh emna; domider (leg. domidiur?) de secht cumala I adjudge for it seven cumals, Corm. 29 s.v. mánd (= admiudar, Laud). In fig. sense weighs, deliberates: damídair-sium a chomairle ra muintir, TBC-LL¹ 2901 . Calculates, plans, attempts: dammidethar . . . dia lémaim ┐ forémid (lit. he measures it for his (its?) leap), FB § 88 = domidethar an leim he calculates (attempts) the leap, Eg. damídhair a thrí brathbémmenda da béim bar Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 6005 . mór gním do mnái brath a fir | dóig is friss rodasmidir `it was against him that she aimed it', Metr. Dinds. iii 254 , cf. Ériu ii 30 § 15 . Deems, judges, considers: is d' aimsir Adhaimh domidhter in gabhail so Ceasrach C.'s invasion is assigned to the age of Adam, BB 22b39 . toimdit áes na críche sin nach fil for bith inis is ferr inás, Marco P. 169 .

Domnóc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Domnóc or dil.ie/18145

Forms: Domonghin, Domnoc, Domhnocc

n.pr. m. mo D.¤ , Fél. Feb. 13 . Modomnóg tuc beocha .i. lán a cluic, 112.35 . mo-Domhnóc ó Thioprait Fachtna , Gorm. Feb. 13 note= Domonghin, text. Domnoc, May 18 . Domhnocc, Mart. Don. May 18 .

fachta ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fachta ? or dil.ie/20981

ind clanda Fachtna nisfil faill | fri cach f.¤ catha cuill, Cóir Anm. 245 = foidche, SG ii 486.19 .

fáthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáthach or dil.ie/21360

adj o-ā (cf. fáth (c) and see Ériu xiii 171 ).

(a) possessed of knowledge or skill; wise, sagacious (?). Of pers.: fer fathach fírglicc, CRR 19 . Fintan fáthach, MacCarthy 142.9 . diamsa ingen find f.¤ prudent (?) ZCP iv 468 § 10 . úa d'Étaín ḟathaig LL 137b24 . mná finna fáthacha ` accomplished ' SG 241.3 . fisicidhe fathacha, Fl. Earls 202.12 . As sobriquet: Fachtna Fathach, MacCarthy 194.15 . Iarunngléo Fáthach .i. bád fathemail glic gaesmar, Cóir Anm. 95 . Iarainnghleo Fáthach, Keat. ii 2726 . Of actions, etc.: ceim fathach (: gnáthach) `walking with knowledge', circumspect behaviour Ériu ii 64 § 6 . co na dernta feircc fathaig | ra hAengus rat fírbhrathair that thou shouldst not cherish deliberate (?) anger Anecd. ii 37 § 8 . fáthrann (.i. rann fáthach), Triads 89 (Gl.). rún f.¤ `prudent care' TD 14.16 . Adv.: ag imirt fitch[il]le co fathach firglicc (with foresight, skilfully ) ZCP vi 47.13 (cf. fáith-imbert, s.v. fáth, compds.). cia imreas ar fidhchill go f.¤ ? Keat. Poems 519 .

(b) mystic, symbolic: go f.¤ is í Éire an chailleach so allegorically Keat. ii 2341 . féadtar a rádh go f.¤ gurab é an duine úd ... an peacthach, TSh. 586 . is i bpearsain an chiontaigh ... go f.¤ labhras, TSh. 6528 .

frithguin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frithguin or dil.ie/24493
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: frithgonaib

vn i, m. (fris-goin) counter-wounding or slaying, used of resisting an attack or attacking in retaliation: ba f.¤ do oc gill dia anmain, Caratnia 17 . fer frithgona .i. guin i n-aighidh gona, H 3.18, p. 283 ( O'Curry 567 ). fer frithgona .i. tic dfirguin riut cen caemachtu imscair ris, H 3.18, 262a ( ZCP xv 326 ). Cf. diles gach f.¤ ... slan dono a marbadh mana caomnacair dul uadha, O'Curry 1763 ( 23 Q 6, 36a ). is dilis do neoch f.¤ oc toichi a cinn .i. oc ditin nó oc cosnam, O'Dav. 1593 . Of reprisals in battle: ceithre cuigidh Eirionn ag goin ┐ ag friothgoin a cheile, ZCP x 283.28 . ica innisin dó madma bar Ultaibh ... ┐ tuittmi Fergusa i frithguin (F. was fighting against the U.) TBC-LL¹ 5726 (= hi frecor in chatha, TBC-I¹ 5619 ). nonbur traigthech namá dofuit o Alexandir hi f.¤ in chatha Persecdai, Alex. 147 . beac a esbaid ... hi frecur na hi f.¤ isna díb cathaib si, 303 . The phrase: I F.¤ (in chatha) is commonly used in Annals when after enumerating losses on one side in a battle, those on the other are given, and is equivalent to on the other side, in retaliation: Bellum Airde C. in quo cecidit Ailill mac D. rī Ardda ... in quo cecidit Domnall mac C. i fridguin, id est rex qui vicit prius , AU 748 . in isto bello plurimi gentilium trucidati suntFachtna ... dorochair i f.¤ in catha (i.e. on the Irish side) AU 867 . cath eter Ultu fadhein ... i torcradur da righ Uladh, idon Niall mac D. ... ┐ Eochaidh hua M. i frithghuin, 1127 . bellum eter Fhiru Alban ┐ Feru Moreb i torcradar ceithri mile d'Fheraibh Moreb ...; mile imorro d'Fheraibh Alban i frithghuin, 1130 . similarly iii 392.7 , RC xvii 341.13 , xviii 159.13 , AFM iii 40.3 , ZCP xiv 260.8 . pl. tucsadar fordiglaim ar deglaechaib ar trascrad na fer i frithgonaib , YBL 69b15 (= tucsat for diglaim na ndeglaech ┐ for trascrad na treinfer i frithgonaib in chatha, YBL 295a8 , LB 124b24 ).

immach, ammach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immach, ammach or dil.ie/27644
Last Revised: 2013

(lit. into the plain, GOI § 130 ). Also mach, Celtica iv 100 . adv. loc. and temp.

I

(a) Loc. out, outwards: lotar maic Uisnig i.¤ , IT i 73.6 . manbad a lúas tísa ammach, LU 3771. maidit immach dano assind liss, Sc.M² § 18. tócabair immach, TBFr. 265. bérthair dam ┐ tindi dí ammach, BDD² 570. ra érig Laeg remi immach, MU² 222. atraig Laban ... | 'mach ar cenn meic a shethar, SR 2950. ocus doridnacht do immach | claideb Golai gér golach, 6191 . an immaig ┐ cogarar duit imach, Lat. Lives 6.2 . beiridh in fechem toicheda a gell ina láim amach re ré n-anta, Laws i 208.27 . lingthi immach do-beir do ammaig imm ┐ arbor, LL 286b30 . a hindarba a Tír Tairngire amach, Ériu iii 152.2 . teit si a haenur ambach, RC vi 174.z . do tilg amach fon muir iatt, Stair Erc. 2578. dobean a soighed-bholc amach `she plucked away his quiver,' TTebe 3759 . roimpatar-sum ammach dochum in rig, 750 . adc[h]onairc oilén uada imach, CCellaig 260.

With vb. of motion, or analogous vb., not expressed : ara choímtheacht a taig immach to accompany him in going out of the house, Críth G. 585. mad do [t]argaidhsimh fein a lan amach `if he himself has offered to pay the full amount out,' Laws iv 256.16 . nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead immach, BDD² 175. a di láim tri derca ṡedluch a llenith immach, IT i 119.24 . mar lān mara a-mach 's a-muig, ACL iii 240 § 36. lesc le fer a mallbō amach | isin tsamlō geal grianach, 244 § 5. trí caogad curadh ... amach ┐ asteach `(going) out and (coming) in,' RC xxix 118 § 17. rogeall in ben an gai amach `the woman promised (to send out the spear),' v 203 § 26 . co letrad feóil ┐ lethar o'n chnáim immach, PH 7213. feadh amhairc ón mhúr amach, TD 8 § 9.

Afar, abroad: Cluain Cesáin ro clos amach `as Cluain Chesáin it was heard of afar,' SG 105.1 . bantrocht nach bec mess immach `womankind not small in esteem abroad,' Metr. Dinds. iii 14.175 .

do-beir ... immach dispenses: in taenmacc rig ... is mō fuair ┐ tuc amach, ZCP viii 111.13 .

? fo-ceird i.¤ loses ? : rotchúalasa ... ind ingen rod[a]láa immach oco íarmóracht, TBFr. 332 (but cf. roda lláus immudu, ib. 168 ).

léicid i.¤ releases, lets loose: in bantrocht da lecud immach do ṡaigid in meic, TBC-LL¹ 1357. lec Barabás dún amach ┐ crochthar Ísu, PH 2814. do leicc se Prim ... ro bui a ndaeirsi ac Ercuil amach, Stair Erc. 750. leigid bur cruidh ┐ bur cethra amach, 1946 .

téit tar ... i.¤ goes beyond, transgresses: mar dochuaidh Luxcifer tar recht amach, RC xxiv 372.9 .

(b) Temp. esp. in phrase ó ṡin immach from that time forwards, henceforth: ba cara do Patraic he o sein immach, Thes. ii 307.8 (Hy. II pref. ). tesbuidh a leth eineclund fri cach itir on tres fecht amach, Laws i 56.8 . co nach íbad fín o uair na fledi-se immach, PH 5236. a tuarascbáil do thabhairt ó sin immach, MU² 786. ōn aimsir sin amach, Fl. Earls 176.25 . ō aimsir mac Mīled mach, Corp. Gen. 100 (Rawl. 128 b 24) . Used absolutely : dílsi dó cnocc Búi amach | ó Búa ingin Rúadrach its more proper style is henceforth Cnocc Bui from Bua, Metr. Dinds. iii 40.11 .

Of passing or spending time, out, away: with vb. : ar gcaitheamh na bliadhna amach, Keat. iii 1913. Vb. not expressed : nói ṁ-bliadhna d'a smacht immach | coromarb Fachtna Fathach, Todd Lect. iii 194.12 . vii ṁbliadna fa míad immach | ba rí Níall fianna Frassach, LL 130a22 .

II Fig.

(a) Esp. in phrase ó ṡin immach besides, exclusive of, as well, moreover: a comcetfaidib flatha .i. Laegairi ocus Corc ocus Daire .i. fer n-Erenn o sin amach `of the men of Ireland besides them,' Laws i 208.13 Comm. dogabhattar caora dona caorchaibh ... ┐ mar docenglatar hi, do lensat na caoirigh o sin amach ceterae oves, BNnÉ 56 § 63. co ffuil sochar mor accam gacha domhnaigh ... ┐ annsa feiltibh Muire uile ┐ gach uile lá ele o sin amach crochtar ┐ piantar me every other day excepting those, 67 § 102. dob anshocair ard a bhrúaich ┐ doba becc cruinn an t-oilén féin ó sin amach, 68 § 108. más ┐ nutmic ┐ cach uile spísrad ó ṡin amach, Maund. § 159. Cáilte is Oisín amach | maraen téigdís gach n-aenach Caoilte and Oissin excepted, SG 100.24 . coná baoí enní isin tír o ghlas geata ... amach nach baoí for a chumas, AFM vi 2006.4 . go bhfuil an uile, uatha féin amach, ar seachrán `except themselves,' Desid. 4055. ó bhailtibh móra amach `the big towns excepted,' Keat. i 60.20 .

(b) With vbs. of speaking, openly, straight out: adubairt hIrúath amach `Herod spoke out,' Ériu iv 178.19 . an[n]sein rocuingid amach `then it was asked openly,' 180 § 35 .

(c) As emphasising adv. : éirigh is mill in mnāi amach `arise and utterly ruin the woman,' Ériu iv 178 § 25. ata drem nach sithach dib | ... | is mo da milled amach | inas cis na Fomorach `who do more for its utter ruin,' Ériu viii 4.17 . díth na bfian fa mór amach, SG 92.2 . cath do chaoíneadar mna amach `a battle mourned to the full (?),' Duan. F. ii xlvii § 6 . fuair deilb col-lí molta immach `she took on a radiant form beyond praise,' Metr. Dinds. iv 140.111 . is é sin cēt cath amach | Iudadh agus Cristaigech the very first conflict, ZCP viii 115 § 18.

léicid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léicid or dil.ie/29766
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: léagar, leigeadh, leice, leagair, leagar, lig, ligfamaid, liged, reilgi, léiciud, léicci, léce

v ī leaves , etc. Later also with stem léc-, leic-, lec-, lic-. See Vendryes, Études Celt. viii 300 - 4 , Greene, Celtica iv 45 .

Stem léic- (the regular form in Old and Mid. Ir.). Later exx.: -léige, Dán Dé xii 9 (: fhéige). -léigear, ii 28 (: éigean). -léigir, xix 8 (: éidir). -léigeadh, PBocht 11a. 5 (: éigean). léig, Aithd. D. 70.4 (bhréig). Dán Dé iv 16 (: thréig).

Stem léc-: -lécob, MU² 181 . lécfat-sa, 187 . -llécfaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 454.53 . -lécustair, IT i 121.15 ( TE 7 ). léagar, Aithd. D. 30.5 (: ḟéagadh). L. Cl. A. B. 79.101 (: dtégar).

Stem leic-: leigeadh, DDána 74.25 (: creideamh). -leicfe, PBocht 2.25 (: eitne). -leig, 7.7 (: creid). Aithd. D. 11.3 (: leig a s. of 1 lía). -leice (: -theipe), SR (Greene) 7869 .

Stem lec-: leagair, Dán Dé xxiii 6 (: heagail). leagar, Aithd. D. 36.23 ; 77.12 (: eagal). 36.11 (: eagar).

Stem lic-: lig, ZCP vi 32.15 . -lig, 274.15 . RC xix 368.8 . ligfamaid, Ériu xi 190.7 . -licter, xii 24 § 30 n.4 . liged, ZCP vi 50.5 . No rhyming exx.

With ro: sg. 3 reilgi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 31 . -reléic, LU 381 (ACC). -relic, 7750 . 1211 . -reilic, SR 4787 . -roiléig, PBocht 3.22 (: fhoighéig). -relicc, Hugh Roe² 14.28 (f. 4b) .

Vn. léiciud.

The principal meanings are (a) lets go, releases , (b) lets, allows, permits , (c) leaves (behind), allows to remain. These, together with a number of more specific meanings, are found independently (I), and also recur in a large variety of constructions in which prepositions and, to a lesser extent, prepositional phrases and adverbs either modify the meaning or define more closely the relation between the verb and its logical subject or object (II, III). Under II (as well as I) a number of constructions will be found in which the meaning is goes, betakes oneself, enters upon, begins, proceeds , with or without reflexive pronoun, and also a number in which it is throws, hurls (do-léici).

I

(a) lets go, releases : in lecfide in cimbid? would the captive be set free? Irish Texts i 11.7 . bidbu cach leices bidbudu, Laws i 12.20 . ro léic mo da láim / ro chraid mo da ṡúil has relaxed (deprived of power?), LL 18585 . de roléic . . . / Manannán . . . / Loch Ruide let loose, Metr. Dinds. iv 146.9 . Of unyoking or unleashing animals: co rucar da ech a corait ┐ leicar and and are turned loose in it, Laws iv 96.19 . scoirit a n-eochu ┐ lécit a mílchona, TBFr. 57 . ech Guill . . . / tan do léicthe ar sliab, SG 100.26 . Of emitting shouts, cries, etc.: nos-gonat gillai na n-ech . . . ┐ lecit gair impe, Ériu iii 141.196 . co ro leic guth for Adam, SR 1300 . immus naerfat anflathi .i. lécfit a n-aír, LL 188b51 . in t-en beag ro leg feid, IT iii 99 § 167 . lecat anmanda na pecdach nualla truaga toirsecha, i 192.21 ( FA 31 = ferait, LU 2242 ). leagaid iman ceann gair guil, Metr. Dinds. iii 364.111 . do léigset a ilach commaídhmi ann sin, ML² 1925 . léigid míle cnead is uch, Dánta Gr. 9.19 . Of tears, blood, etc. dia lēctis dēra fola, Bruchst. i 54 § 121 . nolēced dēra fola and dogrēs `used to shed', Ériu iii 116.15 . ar na deraib-sea legim-sea, Aen. 2921. ? lēicidh fuili draws blood, ACL iii 297 § 51 (`leaves bloody lesions', Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 107 ). leagar an cuisle `the vein must be let', O'Gr. Cat. 182.11. Note further: leagar [dá] sgoil féine an fíon `wine is poured forth for his poets', Aithd. D. 5.5 . din gai . . . roleici Lugaid `which L. cast', RC iii 179.30 . leicthi in Liath M. ┐ leth a chunga fo brágit co ndechaid i lLind Léith i Sliab Ḟuait precipitates itself, LL 14004 . lēiciss drong . . . d'athiarraidh in airgit sent, Fl. Earls 88.9 . can eiric eloid d'ic, cid elod legait `without paying `eric' for evasion, even though they evade', Laws v 184. y Comm . is elodh ro leicedh im na tri cet buaib `it was evasion that was effected', i 66.15 Comm . See also s.v. élúd.

(b) lets, allows, permits (freq. with follg. vn. clause): act nand léicci concupiscentia carnalis `only that c.c. does not allow it', Wb. 3d13 . cenid leci in metur tabairt ind anmae triuin frisan ainm n-adiacht `does not allow the substantive to be added to the adjective', Ml. 30a10 . nileic Duaid anisin, 58c6 . cenid relcset Iudei sin, Blathm. 509 . nis leceth a pater ┐ a mummi would not allow her (to go), Irish Texts i 4 § 12. raléicset na colomain allowed him (to come), Metr. Dinds. iv 50.98 . ní relic Cu Chulaind a mmarbad, LU 7750 ( BDD 131 ). ní léic Sadb aní-sein (sc. marbad Maic Con), Fianaig. 36.4 . na longa . . . na leg a loscad, Aen. 333 . nír leig a fhaisnéis `let not be told', PBocht 14.28 . dá leigeadh Dia Éire dh'uaim, Aithd. D. 22.11 . Elliptically: mac in lega leic liaig de let a physician be made of him(?), LL 18786 ( Ériu ix 49 § 30 ). With follg. clause: adeir A. nar leig Dia nach feadfaidh uile-chumhachta in Chruthuightheora athnuaidhechadh do thabhairt do chorpaibh caich, ITS xxix 184.30 . nar leigi Dia co tibradh, Smaointe B. Chr. 750.

(c) leaves, leaves behind, allows to remain : co léce gl. sinas, Ml. 103d16 . léic gl. sine, Sg. 222b4 . léicid iudicium deo `leave ye i. D. ', Wb. 6b29 . cid dia léicid cundubairt for drecht uáib de resurrectione? why are some of you (still) in doubt? Wb. 13b12 . a theglach . . . / as-bert nád léicfed dílechtu `would not leave his household as orphans', Blathm. 880 . ni léicc a chorp hi timmi `he left not his body in warmth', Thes. ii 315.7 ( Hy. ii 32 ). lécciss coilcthi, lécciss cotludh gave up (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 198 § 17 . romlēicsea oc forairi sund, TBC-I¹ 598 . ingen cen lúad ní leicéb `I will not leave unsung', Metr. Dinds. iii 60.73 . mar leagar mé gan maitheas, IGT Verbs ex. 348 . beag feasta léagar 'nar láimh, L. Cl. A. B. 79.101 . na leig sinn for mhéla, Duan. F. ii 180 § 11 . is díleas Dia go nach léigfeadh sibh i mbuaidhreadh tar bhar n-acfuinn (qui non patietur vos tentari . . .), TSh. 9569.

In similar but more specific meanings.

(d) abandons, forsakes : cair rom leicis-se? gl. quare mé dereliquisti? Ml. 44b10 . Cf. Blathm. 289 . ro leicthea cen fortacht du thabairt doib, Ml. 90c9 . nim reilce i n-athis n-oenḟir may he not leave me in disgrace, Trip.² 1633 . m'óenurán dam ar étib / sech nís n-etaim nis léicim, LU 6217 . miscais fir dia leccar serc hatred of a man crossed in love(?), ZCP xiii 270.20 . nímreilge an Rí díanam gilla, v 497 § 12 . ná leig m'anmuin ar iocht m'ḟillse `leave not my soul at the mercy of my guile', Aithd. D. 73.14 .

(e) l.¤ a oenur lets alone, refrains from interfering with or taking part in: leic a oenur in fognam, RC xxiv 192.17 . léic, ol eat, he a oenur, co n-accamar in ticfa Ely dia thesorcuin, PH 3356 . leic [a] aenur in mignim triallai abstain from, TTebe 2129 . leic oenur na Grecu, 551 .

(f) abandons, forsakes, puts away (a wife): leccis Ailill Aulomm a bein, Anecd. iii 27.11 . bean doberar freithach ┐ leicter ar bein `who is . . . repudiated for another', Laws v 292.22 . o Faind . . . ros léci Manandan, LU 3339 ( SCC 13 ). lecfitir cech ben orut, IT i 120.28 ( TE 5 ). má ligion fear a bhean `puts away', Jeremiah iii 1.

(g) leaves over, defers, postpones : lēcidh duin ind ord annsin, RC xxvii 276 ( Moling 30 ) (duin ethical dative). an té nach dérna an aithrighi . . . achd do léig go ponge an bháis í, Mac Aingil 1532 .

Miscellaneous: [do bhronnadh] sí [an] leig lóghmhair / go leig Órlaidh í ar áirghibh O. used to give away jewels so that she left her (sc. her mother) depending on herds of cattle only(?), Aithd. D. 11.3 . ? is mó léigmid ne . . . tuille cabartha dáil ná d'ár naimdib `we stand in need of succour more than does our foe', Caithr. Thoirdh. 144.31 (seems equivalent to ro-icc les). l.¤ scís, scíth see s.vv. scís, scíth. See calléic.

II

(a) With A lets away from, releases from : nicon reilgi a hīath aidhben / cūan nō caibden dia horgoin, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 31 . leigid Niall...Fiachra a gemil annsin, RC xxiv 182.18 . Of blood: rolecestar sruth . . . fala . . . asna crechtaib sin, TTebe 638 . do leig mé fuil as cuisleannaibh, 23 K 42, 121.10 . With 3 s. n. as quasi-adverb: lēcair-sium ass ┐ fonascar fair can tudecht forsin slōg he is allowed to depart, TBC-I¹ 1476. ionnus nach leigfiodh duine iná ōinmhide as dībh gan tuitim lana shlóite, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 25. 18 . ar mhodh nār léigeadar as dona trí mīle did not allow them to escape, 38.1 . Of a fire: connudh nach leigeann í as `the firewood keeping it alight', Magauran 4019 . In phr. léic as give up, desist : ale leic ass, a Ḟerguis, . . . na bris dúin cairptiu ar túath, TBC-LL¹ 764 . leig as, ar M., Ériu xi 191.16 . leig as a dhaltain, ZCP x 281.8 . leiccem ass imrum ar curaigh let us leave off rowing, Snedg. u. Mac R 9 § 7.

(b) With AR (in some cases for earlier FOR): ru léiced Hériu ar raind Amairgin was consigned to, MU² 2 . lēc aire, a chaillech, lēc aire continue, carry on, Fing. R. 880 . lécsit lúth co ṅáni / ar bithaittrib rígi they exchanged power . . . for eternal life . . . , Fél. Oct. 8. ? alleith naill . . . / roleici an (leg. ar?) chaillecha, AU i 208.11 . ar cairde ná leig do lón do not postpone, PBocht 7.7 . cid nam-leig-sea ort, a eich?, TTebe 3494 . . . . go dtiocfa . . . / Goill dá léigthear oruinn iad if they be loosed against us(?), Aithd. D. 24.5 . legis ar lar an bradan laid down the salmon, Ériu xi 199.35 . in baile i llécfaid ar lár / dond airiuch where ye shall unload the packhorse, Metr. Dinds. iii 454.53 . léig ar lár do ṡoitheach, Gen. xxiv 14 . mar bhláth na ccraobh léigthior lé fearthuinn ar lár, Párl. na mB. 1645 . Of kneeling: lēigis Eōin ē ar a glūinibh John sank to his knees, ZCP viii 562 § 13 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī, xiii 182.30 . co lecfedh se (sc. an nēll) ar ferthain moír ass sin co hespart e would begin to rain heavily, BCC 270.37 (§ 266) . do leigsiad iad féin ar trosgadh ┐ ar urnuighthe, Eochairsg. 80.36 .

(c) With CEN: ní liged sin gan díghailt I shall not allow that to go unpunished, ZCP vi 50.5 . leigim mo dheachmhadh gan díol, Aithd. D. 69.8 . do leigfedh lucht eissíodha / craobh chnuais gan bhéin would leave untouched, L. Cl. A. B. 106.138 .

(d) With co allows to go to etc.: in legi mu dhalta cugam, a clerigh?, Ériu xi 201.28 . ni relccitt anonn chuca acht uathadh daoine, Hugh Roe² 8.29 (fo. 2b) . ni leceb-sa miciunus cucaib `I shall leave you in no turmoil', BCC 424.29 (§ 375) . do léig sí a buidhedhlaoi go féar anuas, Hackett ix 5 . In spiritual sense: do leig a aithne chuca, Smaointe B. Chr. 5219 (seipsum eis revelat). tré loighead na ngrás léigios Dia chuca bestows on them, Mac Aingil 769 . In sense of do-léici: ro lēcus-[s]a gaī n-aill cucut-su I hurled, Sc.M² 13 . léicidh co Cet dara bruinde dó (a dead warrior's head), 16 R . lēicit daoine rompa gusin Róimh send . . . to R., Fl. Earls 168.4 . Note further: a n-aghaidh na muintire leigios a bhfiacha go purgodóir defer, Mac Aingil 7087 . lēigmīd-ne a lenmuin na fer / co himlib oirrt[h]ir Laigen we set off, ML² 2075. With personal form referring to subject of vb. feigns: ro lécustair sláetan trommgalair chuci he feigned illness, IT i 121.15 ( TE 7 ). do leicc si galar chuice, BNnÉ 118 § 34 . do leig teinneas mar badh eadh chuige ┐ diarr bainne, ITS xvi 118.3 .

(e) With DI. With personal forms referring to subject of vb. and obj. in accus. (lit. x releases y from him) desists from, abstains from, leaves off, etc.: leigmít dhín labhairt ar na hoibrighthibh selaithe, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.3 . crét fár fágbais t'foraire / . . . / fár léigis díot do choimét, SG 260.11 . léigidh dhíbh bhur ndoghuilsi, L. Cl. A. B. 152.50 . anti do leig rigacht Erind de, BCC 2.11 (§ 1) . don druing léigeas díobh gan udhacht an mhairbh do choimhlíonadh who omit to fulfil, TSh. 5204. In more literal sense: ni leigfid maithi na treb Tiabanda misi dib `will not let me away at all', TTebe 844 . Also with prep. governing predicate or complement: aon do laithibh dar leig soin / do shíoladh creidimh a ccathraigh, Irish Texts i 40 § 27 . dar bhfaire ní leagar leis `he ceases not to watch over us', Aithd. D. 75.4 . léig dod chomhrádh stop your talk, Dánta Gr. 39.5 . léigfead do bhaosraidh na hóige, Hackett xxvi 4 . In literal sense of unleashing a dog: lēicthir de, TBC-I¹ 513 . ro léicsed da conaib, RC xiii 46 § 30. Note also: suil ligther d'arm lámh Logha before the hand of Lugh is loosed from (his) weapon(?), L. Cl. A. B. 97.103 . na leic mesi don croich-sin `let me not (be taken) from the cross', PH 2471.

(f) With DO leaves to or for, hands over to, entrusts to: léicfidir dúib in brithemnact sin, Wb. 6b30 . is samlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis dint sens `we shall leave to them the exposition of the sense', Ml. 14d10 . flaithem nime . . . / nád lēic suum prophetam / ulli leonum ori, Thes. ii 303.5 ( Hy. i 32 ). do ḟuaid Eua a leth, nir bu glan, / roleic in leth n-aill d'Adam, SR 1288 . atbertsat . . . co leicfitis dó in curadmir, LU 9023 ( FB 77 ). nach lecedh ach[t]run bidh ┐ mugsaini da rechtairib, Laws v 74.17 Comm . not guidim . . . coro léci dam oen uair i n-ernaigthe, PH 1408 . leagar dháibh rogha ┐ roinn the division and the choice is left to them(?), Magauran 1082 . do léigeadh dhó . . . an cóigeadh the Fifth was assigned to him, Content. xxx 7 . lēigidh dam-sa ē, ar Goll leave him to me, ML² 1509.

Allows, permits (to do, have, etc.): ní relic dia doib orcuin nDuaid, Ml. 23b4 . leig dam tiachtain fon cundrad `let me impugn the contract', Laws v 508.16 Comm . is me . . . nar léc dó th'enech do milliud, IT i 128.2 ( TE 13 ). co lēiciur siliud dom ṡūilib, ACL iii 243 § 31 . mane léice-su dam-sa indlat duit, PH 5254 . léigeadh sileadh do dhéaraibh an doilgheasa, TSh. 201 . da-oṅg-sa mo bréthir . . . na lécob d'Ultaib cen taidecht lim innocht I shall insist that the U. come with me, MU² 181 . legar aighideacht duin isin port i tangumar `let hospitality be granted us', Aen. 335 . na leic foirb na fearandus do inti `do not allow him to have heritage or landed property therein', TTebe 634 . lēicidh cairde trī lā . . . dam-sa, ACL iii 309.8 . lecid fuirech bicc dam `allow respite brief to me', MacCarthy 58.13 . níor leig sé fos na comhnuidhe dhó go maidin, Ériu v 100.26 . léic cotlud d'ḟeraib hErend, TBC-LL¹ 1755. Appar. in slightly difft. sense in: leig-se dhúinne ad thegasg let us alone with thy teaching, Ériu i 18.42 . léc dun . . . coro díglum h'ancride-siu leave us alone (permit us?), PH 2218 . leic dam co ro marbar anti rom-gonaid `let me slay', TTebe 3797 . léig dhó anois `suffer it to be so now', Matthew iii 15 . lēic don churp bīs ina lāim defer to (of the respect due to a cleric), ACL iii 222 § 4.

Allows (to go) to: ced ara reilcis in fer . . . do éccaib?, Trip.² 162 . in lucht bui co serb domenmnach . . . lecar co foelid somenmnach dia tigib iat, PH 408 . ní mó ro leiccsiot fér nó arbhar dia saighidh anonn (i.e. to a surrounded army), AFM vi 2030.17 .

Miscellaneous: nachatlēic dam la neim lāidhe luinde lūaithe do not come to me(?), ACL iii 295 § 27 . ro léic seirc dó . . . / ard-ben a athar `cast her love (on)', Metr. Dinds. iv 62.71 . tinolsit . . . lucht na cathrach uli ┐ lécset cathugud don béist gave battle to, PH 7228 . do lig si galair ... brēgi da hinnsuigi feigned, ZCP vi 274.14 . rolig a coin(n) dó set his dog upon it, 78.21 . leic tú fein ar tús do chum cos nglormhar daenachta Chriosd throw thyself at the feet of, ITS xxix 215.16 . nar léicce Muire duinne . . . go mbiadh gadaighecht ar ar siubhal may Mary protect us from theft, BNnÉ 55 § 59 .

(g) With ETER: luid Mac Dathó immach ┐ in cú inna láim, co rrailced etorro dús cīa díb do-ngegad the dog . . . was set free between them to see which it would choose, Sc.M² 19. Usually leaves (someth. to be settled) between (without outside interference): leic-siu etruind féin innar n-Ultaib, co fessara cia úain bas chalmiu, TFerbe 217 . léic eadram ┐ Fianna Eirenn leave F. E. to me, Acall. 3565 . lig edrum-sa ┐ in cath sel ele leave the battle to me, ZCP vi 68.13 . leig idir mhac's a mháthair `let the Son and His mother settle it between them', Aithd. D. 68.37 . ná leig eadrainn ┐ inn `do not leave me to my own devices(?)', Dán Dé xxii 17 .

(h) With FO: dobertis da boc leu . . . ┐ no leicthe indala n-ái fon díthrub was set free in the wilderness, Tur. 110c . gipne findruine for a etan nád leced a folt fúa agid kept his hair back from his face, IT i 311.2 . Hands over to, looses among, sends against , etc.: naoi ttuatha re ccertughadh / leigis ri Muman futha handed over to them, LL 396.12 . lecidh in ri na griba futhaibh (i.e. on bird-flocks), Marco P. 91. aithinne dubh in gach deghláim / léicis Mlaise a anáil . . . / fúithib breathed on them, SG 27.33 . do ligeadh frais pilēr fon mboile was fired at, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 25.3 . a lucht do marb in ngéig ngil / is do léig fá a narm a fuil stained their weapons with his blood, O'Gr. Cat. 361.13 . do léigidar sirtha lethna . . . fana críchaibh, Comp. CC 80.7 . do lecthí . . . fa cuiced C. . . . faghla, Irish Texts ii 28 § 21. Of kneeling: roleicc Sir Boós a gluine faí knelt down, D IV 2, 78 ra2 . léigcitt a ngluine fútha, Maund. 77 . l.¤ fo lár sets aside, abandons, neglects , etc.: ro léig fo lár a ḟoghuil ┐ a dībeirg, Fianaig. 76.8 . fa lár do leigeadh a chíos His tribute has been neglected, Dán Dé xxiii 5 . is follus gur léig fa lár / oircheas do ḟéadfadh do rádh `left unsaid', Content. xiv 7 . gur leigeadar fa lár an churum bhudh cóir dhoibh do dhenamh, Carswell 5.12 . Note also: do lēig fā chathaib Cuinn hē d'iarraidh C[h]uinn he made for C.'s battalions, ML² 367. do leigset futha da nár ┐ da noirrlech, L. Chl. S. 13.

(i) With FOR. Hurls at: ro lēcis gaī form-sa co rrabae asmo scíath, Sc.M² 11 . légid Cu Chulaind in ngae fair, LU 5766 ( TBC-I¹ 1295 ). With reflexive pron. feib ras léic seig far mintu as a hawk attacks small birds, LL 12300 . nod lēice tra īar sin for gabāil a hēcnarca began to, KMMisc. 210 § 4. With ellipse of pron.: sets to, sets about: lécfat-sa fair I shall set about it, MU² 187 . dorraíga in cú Ulto ┐ ro-lēci for ár Connacht set about, Sc.M² 19. lecait na Felistina for teiched, LB 129b7. 1 . x for (ar) y lays x to the charge of y, lets y answer for x: léic foraindi ┐ for ar maccu i n-ar ṅdiaid a fuil, PH 2947 . olc tra an iarmairt ro lécsit Iúdaide forru fen, 3286 . cia na lēici fort aicned | condaāera though you do not accuse yourself of satirizing them(?). ACL iii 295 § 19 . In phr. léicid guth/gairm for calls out to: coro léic guth for Ādam 'and she gave a cry to Adam', SR (Adam and Eve) 42.1300​ . go relic gairm ... for mac Sairb 'she called out ... to the son of Sarvia', SR (Greene) 6965 . raleig gairm ard ... ara síair, TTebe 4317 .

With pers. form ref. to subj. of vb. feigns: leicid-sium galur forro, arna tisdais leis pretended they were ill, RC xv 321 ( Dinds. 22 ). reléicset Gréic teiched forru pretended flight, LL 244b11 ( TTr. 2062 ). ro leic eslainte ┐ anḟaindi furri, BB 237a21 . Note also: leiccmitne fen forn . . . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin we admit, CCath. 4071.

(j) With FRI. With reflex. pron. gives oneself over to: erig a gérait Ulad / . . . nit leci re rochotlud, LU 3595 ( SCC 30 ). ros-lecset fri bron ┐ dubha `yielded themselves to grief and gloom', CCath. 1070 . ro leicset re hol ┐ re haibnius iad, TTebe 1885 . Note further: a ri sen / nacham-reilce-sa rem thail do not abandon me to my will, Lib. Hymn. i 17.60 . l.¤ taeb fri entrusts to, puts trust in: ná léigear taobh re Dia dhún let me not be left to God's judgment, Dán Dé ii 28 . lēigim taobh riot mh'uile dhōchas, Parrth. Anma 3993 . Reveals to: ro lig Fer lí comairli in ḟill re hĒmer, Fianaig. 70.13 . an licfidhter fri C. an comrād so?, ZCP xiii 169.25 . nis relic fri haon uaidibh inro baoi ina menmain, Hugh Roe² 292.25 (fo. 73a) . l.¤ fri lár lays down, lets fall, lowers : ro leceastair a chorp . . . co haimneartach . . . re lar, TTebe 325 . . . . mac Néil co mmathius / nar léic a ḟlathius re lár did not allow to diminish, LL 17310 . ro leigsedar a ferga re (ar, v.l.) lar they laid their wrath aside, TTebe 2177 . gur léig soin re criaidh a chneas `till he fell prostrate to earth', Aithd. D. 3.24 . Of kneeling: léicidh bar nglúine re lár, SG 23.3 . lecit uile a ngluine ┐ a cinn fria huir prostrate themselves, Marco P. 85 . do leig ris in coroin ┐ taisi na naem he knelt to the crown, RC xix 376.8 .

(k) With I. Allows to enter : ni licter fair i tech druith na dasachtaig `there are not admitted into the house to him fools nor lunatics', BCrólige 30 gl. 4 . nís relic isin les cuci, LU 1211. ní rolēigcitt indti co mattain `they were not let in till morning', BColm. 78.2 . ro oslaicset in dorus . . . ┐ roléicset [a cocéliu] chuca isin cathraig, TTr.² 1839 . ní léigthí an rí féin i gcath, Keat. ii 5575. Of sin, temptation: nīm-reilce i cair cenna, ZCP vi 260 § 12 . nir lecea sind i n-amus ndofulachtai (et ne nos inducas in tentationem), PH 7826.

Various: a Sbiorad Dé . . . corp Moire rod léig n-a lár / mar théid tré chlár ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . ? do léig 'n-ar n-ucht a aithne `he has turned his knowledge against me' ( Ir. Monthly 1929, 42 ), DDána 104.8 . rí nar lean don chreideamh chóir / ní leigeadh seadh i seanmóir paid no attention to(?), 74.25 . leagar mhisi ┐ Donn Cuan a comhairli `let . . . have a conference', Caithr. CC 43 . cumha i gceann chumhadh eile / cumhan leam go leigfeidhe `I remember that any new sorrow would be piled on already existing sorrow', Aithd. D. 23.16 . With refl. pron. goes into, precipitates oneself into: do leigeadur na Sasanaigh [i] raon madhma iad tar a n-ais, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 7.13 . lēigit amach . . . sa ffairgi iad, Fl. Earls 8.13 . With ellipse of pron.: imthusa na nGall . . . ro leiccset hi ccend tséda . . . go rangattar dia ttighibh, AFM vi 2134.4 . do leiccet i ndeadhaidh uí Dhomhnaill set out in pursuit of O'D., 2206.21 .

l.¤ x i n-agaid y lets x stand as compensation for y, sets x off against y: daradad eraic a athar do G. . . . ┐ ro lecthea in dias aile a n-agaid enigh C. (the deaths of) the other two were set off against (the offence to) C.s' honour, RC xxiv 278.1 . ní liom nach aidhleasg éirghe / i n-ionam na hIairmhéirghe / léig uam i n-a aghaidh sin / gach adhaigh uar dar éirigh, Dán Dé iv 15 . ar fhalaigh dar méid meanma / léig i n-aghaidh m'oileamhna (i.e. set off against my fostering by him the discouragement his death has caused me), Aithd. D. 6.23 . l.¤ i n-aiscid lets go to waste : ná léig fuil Chríosd i n-aisgidh 'do not let Christ's blood go to waste', Ériu lxiii 58 § 38 . Similarly: ar thréig d'fhíon ar an uisge / léig a ndíol an dearmaid-se set against this forgetting (on my part) all the wine he gave up for water, Dán Dé iv 16 . l.¤ i faill neglects, abandons, overlooks : ro leic caillecha ha faill, AU i 208.14 (A.D. 747). dia mbat an[a]mchara neich . . . / nīsreilce hi foill, ACL iii 318 § 65 . ná léigidh sgiathlúireach na deaghuídhe a bhfaillíth, Párl. na mB. 792 . Similarly, l.¤ faill (faíllige) i: faill 'na einech ní lēigenn, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 32 . go leigfid cách faillighe ina ccreideamh . . . , BNnÉ 14 l. 2 of notes . See 1 faill, faillige. léicid x i lleth y commits x to y, charges y with x: lecsiu . . . ildeth nde mess for a menmainsom `leave it to God to judge the mind of such', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . an Coimdhe i n-ar leith do leig / a oighre do bheith i mbroid `the Lord charges us with His Son's captivity', Dán Dé xxiii 9 . luach a chneadh d'íoc nach eagal / ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh, DDána 48.8 .

(l) With IMM: mus lēc fer dīb aigen lāin grīscha moa sūili threw into his eyes, Fing. R. 988 . ro leig a ucht ┐ a urbruindi 'ma claidim . . . co fuair bas, TTebe 4032 . ro leig [Iochasta] co comthrom 'man claidim sin hí, 4577 . cid troscud do legdis ima fiachuibh cuir ┐ cunnurrtha, Laws ii 94.6 Comm . do fhreagra um lár dá léiginn `if I left your answer unchallenged', Content. ix 22.

(m) With LA. Lets go with: srēithi in n-id . . . isin n-abaind, ┐ lēicthe la sruth let it go with the stream, TBC-I¹ 631 . leicis in colaind lasin sruth, TBC-LL¹ 1311 . Camsón ro léic luing cen lúaig / lé dar tuind sáili, Metr. Dinds. i 10.55 . lécfet-sa bendacht let I shall send a blessing with thee, BCC 234.22 . nocha leigfe lais achd lucht a leanamhna, Aithd. D. 55.9 .

In fig. senses concedes to, allows to have, grants to, etc.: leic leis a somaine `permit him to have his wealth', Laws v 498.21 Comm . móide an ní do léigeadh leis, Aithd. D. 31.5 . gach breath dá n-iarr lé go leigthir `she gets all she asks', PBocht 4.2 . ré triall a staid na beatha so nach léigeann leis acht an eisléine grants him only a shroud, TSh. 9950 . nach leicfimisni Ceallachan leo gan cath do thabhairt doibh `we would not let C. be taken away by them', Caithr. CC 63. With srían etc.: níor loc mé mian mo theangadh; / a srian lé do léigeamar gave it free rein, DDána 88.6 . ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . do ghreim-se gé leagar liom `though thy hand is loose upon me', Dán Dé xxiii 18 . Hence (somet. without specific object) forgives, indulges, remits : [an] mhéad leagair leam gach laoi, Dán Dé xxiii 6 . ní hé nach léigthior leam it is not that (sin) that is not forgiven me, iii 16 . léig a bhéalchorcra bharrghlain / anuabhar let ollamhnaibh, DDána 84.15 . a Athair, leic so leo, oir ni fheadadar cread do nid siad, ITS xxix 169.6 . ni fada do leicc Dia . . . sin re Sean `not long did God let that go unpunished with John', ALC ii 454.8 . Reveals to: anti le leigi é (viz. rún), Ériu v 128.32 . do léig le Fachtna . . . an bharamhuil sin, ITS v 6.16 . Cf. an uair leigmíd ár mbrollach ┐ ár ccíocha leis, Párl. na mB. 561 .

(n) With ó. Always with pers. forms ref. to subj. of vb. lets go, releases, gives up, abandons. Often with more positive sense of dismisses, puts away, sends, throws . Of persons: leicsi huad `he let him go', Ml. 52 . ralleic huaid cen frithorcuin do gl. dimissit eum, 53b6 . lecid uaib mo muinntir cen nech díb do ergabail, PH 3109 . co lēigedh sē a allmaraigh uadha so that he might dismiss, ML² 972 . leig uait misi d'indsaigi na Teibi, TTebe 1024 . Of things allows to be taken away, relinquishes, abandons : ni léicfemni uaind hé (sc. in curadmír), LU 8554 ( FB 41 ). mana leicid an rigidh uadhaib `if they do not surrender the sovreignty', Laws v 302.16 Comm . asberatsomh . . . nachas relcctís [in fíon] uadaibh for tír, Hugh Roe² 8.11 (fo. 2b) . adubhairt in ní tárraid ní leicfedh uadha, TTebe 831 . nír leig Niall uaidh an t-acra `never did N. forgo any acre of this land', Aithd. D. 21.4 . cidh dia leci uait coir na gaethi? why miss a fair wind? Aen. 879 . gur léig a chluasa uaidh i lámhaibh an duine (of a bear seized by the ears), TSh. 7427. Of actions, etc. desists, leaves off: nach léic úad a olc bunaid (of the body), ACL iii 216 § 7 . léigidh sin uaibh quit that, Fier. 121 . in duine léicess uad arsaidecht a thol collaide, PH 4619. rolecset uadib fógnum ┐ miltnidecht do demun, RC ii 386.17 . Note also: lēic uait, or is anfis dō let be, for he does not know, Ériu viii 157.8 . In positive sense: léic úait inna biada mílsi `cast from thee,' Wb. 6c7 . leic uait do spiorat fein send forth, ITS xxix 162.14 . leig uait do ben phosta ┐ len misi put away thy wife, Smaointe B. Chr. 1593 . do léig se úadha Fionnsgoth ┐ do phós se Mairgréd put away, Rel. Celt. ii 174.1 . ra léic [in corthe] úad ra talmain flung down, MU² 649 . tugad a láimh Eóin in t-ór ┐ do lig uadha he fon aigen, Lib. Flav. i 33 va32 . na leic aen bhreithir uait gan coimhlínadh, ITS xxix 197.29 .

(o) With SECH (usually quasi-adverbial 3 s. n. sechae) allows to pass . Of missiles: tolléci gecán díb fair, leicthe Loegaire secha evades it, LU 9065 (FB). léicis secha leth (a stone), Comp. CC 121.18 . nís relccsetar seacha sein let them go no further, AFM ii 746.7 . nichat-léicfider sech láim thou shalt not be laid aside (a sword), RC xx 12 § 21. In more abstr. meanings: ní léigfe an bás . . . an leanbb seacha ná an seanóir will spare neither . . . , Dán Dé v 8 . ar leigeadh go so seacha / do ríoghaibh gan inchreachadh, Content. xvi 196 . focal seachad san slighidh / féchthar libh nár léig tusa see that thou dost not forget, L. Cl. A. B. 65.11 . léic sechad sin never mind that, Comp. CC 81.17 .

(p) With TAR: long Naoi ó gach linn do lionn / . . . / níor léig braon tuile tairsibh let no drop reach them, DDána 107.21 . Usually with personal form ref. to subj. of vb.: lēig thort do thoirse give up, O'Gr. Cat. 404.10 . ro léigedar sin thársa go maidin `they let the matter stand over', RC xxix 220.9 . leagar thort do thoil `deny thy evil desires', PBocht 5.43 . far léig mé toram dod thoil / a Dhé what I omitted to perform, Dán Dé ix 8 . nír léicc se ní thairis d'aithentaibh Dé neglected nothing, BNnÉ 123 § 70 . leig thort nō sméid ar gach cam do-chír disregard, Hackett i 5 .

Refrains from (citing, etc.) : ligfamaid torainn an laidh ann so we shall not quote the lay here, Ériu xi 190.7 . ni leigim thoram an bhegansa do cur sios `I do not omit', Rel. Celt. ii 188.16 . leigim sin toram (of a catalogue of sins), Mac Aingil 2345 .

(q) With TRE: do leig 'na raon ró-reatha tríd na slóightibh é `he launched himself', ITS i 64.21 . Strains, makes percolate : brister ┐ berbtar ar im . . . ┐ lecar trí édach `strain through a cloth', O'Gr. Cat. 184.32 . curtur bainne almont trit, ┐ leagar tri edach é, Rosa Angl. 96.7 .

III With advv. and prep. phrases: in lece orumsa in cimmid út amach? (dimitte mihi vinctum), Lat. Lives 80.11 . lec Barabás dún amach release, PH 2813 . do leig amach rí Eirionn, Duan. F. ii 358 § 82 . innus nach leagur do a anal do legin amach, Smaointe B. Chr. 3928 . nu-s-léic soigit i ndiaid in toirb shot an arrow after the bull, PH 7184. nocht leaga[i]r gach nech a-nund (sc. to the next world), ACL iii 236 § 5 . a litir léigim anonn, Studies 1918, 454 § 18 . léig Giolla na náomh anunn, IGT Introd. 30.34 . nach in lecar siar tiagam sair let us not go westwards, AU 914 (i 430.6) . leigid airgne síar is soir / fo sliabh Colláin, Duan. F. ii 22.11 . ro lecset ingcorum sis they anchored, IT i 39.12 . léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `the portcullis of the castle is raised', Aithd. D. 3.19 .

1 mann, mand

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mann, mand or dil.ie/31543

n [ā, f.?] an ounce (of metal), an ingot? mand .i. uinggi unde dixit Fachtna mac Sencha: secht manda oir forloiscthi, Corm. Y 877 = mánd . . . manna, Corm. p. 29. mand .i. geal .i. uinge brúinnte, ib. mann .i. uingi, O'Dav. 1224. Lec. Gl. 450. O'Cl. mand (mann v.l.) senainm na hunga, Forus Foc. 58.

oificel, oifistel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oificel, oifistel or dil.ie/33629
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: oiffisel, oiffiscel, afisdel

n o, m. (<Lat. officialis or from AN, Risk 588 ) an official ; in Annals, the agent or representative of a sept, monastery or bishopric, Vicar General in temporals: Fachtna comharba Droma Mucadha ┐ oificel Ua fFiacrach, AFM iii 260.10 = oiffisdel, ALC i 310.18 (a. 1232). oiffidsel ┐ breithimh coitchenn na hairdespucoide, AU ii 444.12 (a. 1328) = oificel, ALC i 608.23 . oiffitsel Locha hEirne, AU iii 28.16 (a. 1394) . oiffisel, 434.21 . oiffiscel, 482 y . afisdel, 630.13 . mac an oifisteil móir, AFM v 1492 z.

scoraidecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scoraidecht or dil.ie/36578

n entertainment, story-telling, visiting : do chuaidh Fachtna . . . file i cceann sgoruidheacht do dheunamh dhó `to entertain him', ITS v 38.23 . See Dinneen .

trá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trá or dil.ie/41529

Forms: .t., thrá, tra, thra, tráth, t., trá, tráth

adv. and conj. (See GOI p. 558 , p. 673 ). Written plene BCr. 3d : anísiu t.¤ is écen remfuar bissext ┐ emblesim `this, then, is necessary, to prepare bisext and embolism.' Usually contracted to .t. in O.Ir. Glosses. Later when written fully the forms thrá, tra, thra occur. Also occasionally tráth. That t.¤ is a fully stressed wd. is shown by the rhymes: tra: chombartsa, Thes. ii 292.1 . tra: anma, SR 1349 . tra: himmarba, Metr. Dinds. ii 42.17 . trá: lá, DDána 2.13 . TD 1.9 .

With regard to its position in the sentence, the use of t.¤ corresponds to that of dano, didiu, immurgu etc. (see these words), and these are commonly interchanged with it in Mid. Ir. MSS., e.g. marbthair dōib dano in mucc (tra, Hl.), Sc.M² 5 . toirbirid tra (immorro, LU), FA 1 . tir shuthach solusta tra in tír sin (iarom, LU), 4 . na búidne ocus na hoirechtu tra (dano, LU), 6 . Also occurs side by side with such words as dano: ina bretha fir aicnid tra didiu (sic leg.) ro labairustar in spirit noem, Laws i 16.10 . a forbí tra dano for lortaid na muindtire, Mon. Tall. 128.7 .

In general trá comes after and emphasises the first principal stressed word in the sentence. The commonest positions are:

1 After the verb: ní ceilsom tra as né crist, Wb. 4d16 . ni-con fil tra belre issin [biuth so], 12d5 . amal gnís tra crist, 21b2 .

2 After the copula and predicate: cib cenél tra dia roscribad ind epistil, Wb. 3b20 . is bées tra donaib dagforcitlidib, 11b6 . is hed torbe nammáa tra, 12d29 . is hé tra as fír, 19c7 .

3 After prepositions with suff. pron.: ropo ainm dúibsi tra inso uile, Wb. 9c29 . masu glé lib tra in precept, 13b12 . darolged dam tra, 18a12 . Cf. cid as dénti fri sin tra, 12d41 .

4 After conjunctions and adverbs: isamlid tra is lobur, Wb. 4a27 . is amlaid tra canithsom, Mon. Tall. 139.9 . in tan tra rochloither imtecht duini, 136.14 . is ann sin t.¤ , BDD² 429 . huair tra is deichnemur rochachain ina psalmu, Hib. Min. 126 . an uair tra tainec am legind, BCC 172.9 . iar sin tra dorala for dul dia hacallaim, TBFr. 15.13 . is suaichnid sund tra as rect maid, Wb. 3d10 . hi sunt tra conricc frissa lind serb, 7d9 .

5 After nouns: ceist tra, etc. Wb. 13a13 . a senud uille tra ni biat i nóentu muintire nime, 9c28 . inna tri secht tra, Ml. 2d2 . cóic méich fichet tra, LU 8126 . focal coirmdhighe th.¤ ar ttreas, Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . iarsin mbreith sin tra Laws i 14.12 . indill dún in carpat t.¤ , LU 8571 . ( FB 43. ) donertad iude tra in so, Wb. 5b11 . cosmulius co nécsamlus tra inso, 13b25 . de dliguth tra inna niltoimddensin, Sg. 26b7 . do neoch t.¤ do daínib in domain, LU 2060 . Less frequ. after the subject following the verb: bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib, Wb. 13a16 . is lib atá a rogu tra, 9a23 .

6 After proper names: Cathbad tra tainic, RC vi 175.29 . Fachtna Fathach tra is é ba maclendan don ingin, 50 . Nihassa tra a hainm iar sin, 174.20 .

7 After adjectives: it dóindi tra haec exempla, Wb. 10d4 . ro-pad demin tra, PH 5122 . maith tra, LU 8096 . Cf. is nech tra ecin dom chomaltaib, TBC-LL¹ 2172.

8 After féin: doselbi fein tra do praind, Mon. Tall. 148.27 . Cf. a mesrugud do neuch tra buddesin, 152.10 .

9 In phrases, see infra.

In addition to emphasising the word it follows trá usually has a conjunctive or adversative sense with reference to what has gone before.

I Conjunctive then, therefore, so, indeed: coir irnigde tra inso `this, then, is the right way of prayer,' Wb. 4a27 . ní áil tra insin do epirt `it is not proper, then, that that should be said,' 27c8 . trop tra donadbat `a figure of speech, then, he shows,' Ml. 15a2 . maith tra, ol Patraic `well, then, said Patrick,' Laws i 8.7 . tocuirius etrum thra na huile nert-so `I invoke therefore all these forces,' Lib. Hymn. 135.1 . huair tra is deichnemur rochachain ina psalmu `now, since it is ten persons that sang the psalms,' Hib. Min. 12.6 . ro bátar t.¤ deólatchaire móra inna fhlaith, BDD² 182 . ni chumaic thra nech isin bith, LU 1996 . bā soccair tra in lestar `indeed, she was a sound craft,' MacCongl. 85.15 . fri teora la tra ro badar foran abairt sin `for three days then,' Stair Erc. 197 . tug an damh [t.¤] tug an t-asal | aithne ar an rígh rugadh ann, DDána 17.9 . soitheach th.¤ do dhéanamh go n-onóir, TSh. 902 . So also tráth: is solom dún in sét sa tráth, TBC-LL¹ 2071 . is amra lib tráth, 2083 . badh hiongnadh tráth, CRR² 26 . doden-sa trath inni-sin, RC vi 176.1 . is aire sin tráth aderthi Núadha Airgétlámh friss, Cóir Anm. 154 . marbh trath a mathair dia bhreith, BB 205a42 . tréigthear libh t.¤ bhar dtuirse (tráth, MS.), Measgra D. 60.5 .

II Adversative

(a) however, but, on the other hand: ata ni is messu de tra, SR 1349 . Patraic tra ind inbaid sin i ndaíre i nHerind, LU 266 . Assa a hainm gó sin anald, ar ba hailgen. Nihassa tra a hainm iar sin, RC vi 174.20 . robái t.¤ Ioif co firen, TTebe 4254 . acht gé tá cló tred chroidhe | dá mhó t.¤ do thrócaire, DDána 20.17 . focal coirmdhighe th.¤ ar ttreas `our fight was mere words at ale-drinking,' Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . dobheredh ierraidh meinic ar a himfholach fo n-a brat. Nī roibi tra sin ar comus dō `he often endeavoured to conceal it under his coat, but could not succeed,' Fl. Earls 62.29 .

(b) In the phrases cid trá acht (later cid trácht ?), cid fil and trá acht however, at all events: cid tra acht .i. cid cred ┐ tra ticfaid ┐ acht gnim, Lec. Gl. 280 . cid tra acht dia curta nech i secht n-áesaib, LU 2454 . cid tra acht nir chutulsa do Chonchobar, CRR 12 . cidh trā acht do tinōiled, ML² 197 . cid tra acht torchair cethrar, TTebe 954 . cid tracht ro cind Ercuil forro, Stair Erc. 192 . ciodh trácht roghluaiseadar na Cléirig, Celt. Rev. x 133.1 . cidh tráth acht, 24 P 9, 67.1 . Cf. cid didiu (sic leg.) acht, PH 146. 565 . cid fil and tra acht marbais Cú Chulainn cét, Comp. CC 64.14 . cid fil and tra acht ata in scriptuir, PH 2184 . cidh fil ann tra acht nirba sorimthea, Stair Erc. 158 . cidh fil ann tra, ol an ri fri hErcuil, acht ro crín, 1251 . Cf. cidh fil ann didiu acht, 605 . PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht, Stair Erc. 448 . cid fil didiu (sic leg.) acht, PH 1803 . cid fil ann tra, 2299 . See trán.

1 tul, taul, tel, til

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tul, taul, tel, til or dil.ie/42438
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tul, tuil, tele, til, tula, tela, tila, tul, tul

n orig. u, n. (see GOI § 80 p. 52 ). n s. tul n-oir, Ériu xii 156.z . Manners and Customs iii 163 n. 242.17 . g s. tuil, LL 208a44 . tele, TBC-I¹ 2197 . d s. til, Ml. 50a7 . pl. tula, tela, tila.

Protuberance, projecting part, swelling .

(a) (part of ?) a cross: isin til .i. crucis gl. in patibulo, Ml. 50a7 .

(b) boss of a shield: crandscíath ... taul fair fortrend fodomain, LU 7198 . finden co ... taul argait furri, IT i 81.4 . scíatha ... co telaib óir foraib, LU 7643 . ra tilib ... na scíath, TBC-LL¹ 3561 . topacht a th.¤ dia thargu, Metr. Dinds. iii 130.25 . sonn láidir ... do thulaib sgiath, ML 128.17 . In n. loc.: lathrach Sceith Conculainn cona Th.¤ , RC xv 283 § 31 . Hence shield: sleg taith fri tola `against shields,' Metr. Dinds. ii 64.11 .

(c) Of parts of the body: t.¤ étain forehead: co raemdetar tula a n-etan, BB 393a11 . no bristea cnáma a lurgan ┐ t.¤ a n-étan, LB 154a51 . tuc urrchur ... a t.¤ edain a fhir comraic, CF 164 . srona dímhora a tulaibh a n-étan, Marco P. 187 . Hence tul forehead: `t.¤' gach gnúis, Metr. Gl. 17 § 44 . t.¤ .i. gnúis, ┐ édan, O'Cl. co n-ecmaing a t.¤ immon n-all combo marb de, LU 8934 ( FB 70 ). mill ... luaidi rodibraicdis a tulaib trénamais na fir sin, TTebe 2700 . Of animals: fochéird a lúrecha ... immó echaib co ngebethar doib o th.¤ co aurdornd do gaínib, LU 6400 . taul tairb chucaind, TBC-LL¹ 6199 . In phrase t.¤ i t.¤ face to face: conas-tarla t.¤ i t.¤ fri Grécu, TTr. 593 . leasc dho tachar t.¤ i t.¤ | frisin eaclais, SG 70.19 . tel i tel, TTr.² 161 . t.¤ i tt.¤ ┐ aghaidh i n-acchaidh, AFM v 1580.1 . t.¤ fri t.¤ , IT iii 526.7 .

Of other parts of the body: tula sliasta (.i. tairb) `the thick of the thigh,' Laws v 363 n. do thulaib a lurgan, IT i 271.29 .

(d) t.¤ tuinne crest of a wave: gáir na Gairbe gainmige | ra t.¤ tuinne tulghuirme, SG 367.5 . t.¤ na tuinne tulguirme, Acall. 2935 n. As n. loc.: o th.¤ Tuinne tulach-mór `from high-mounded Tul Tuinne,' Metr. Dinds. iii 274.2 . i taul tuinne thend, LL 4b10 . Gatal a gatlaig | Bran ó th.¤ tuinne, SG 365.31 . Note also: amal brethnasa bánóir fri taul ṅ-grene, TBC-LL¹ 1377 . ? bar nertaib gal | bar cridib crú | bar tilaib téici, 5793 . ? rigrad Clainne Echach uili Domblen | tuir do télaib (: Febail), Todd Nenn. 254.6 . ? tarrscur tirear t.¤ taibeṅg, Lec. 282rbz = tarrscur tireach thal taebsheang, BB 36b34 .

(e) d s. as prep. at the end of (?): athgabail t.¤ aine, ┐ taul treisi, ┐ taul chuicthi, ┐ taul dechmaide `immediate distresses of one day ...,' Laws i 210.21 .i. berar imach co hopann, 212.1 Comm. See 214.20 ff. athgabala t.¤ cuicthe, 236.24 .

Compds. In certain compds. tul retains its original meaning, but it is also frequently used for alliteration and with merely intensive force.

(a) With nouns. ¤ág violent fight: ro mharb ba mór in tulágh | fuath Sléibe Colláin, Duan. F. i 80 § 74 . ¤argain (orguin) driving, beating on (?): go facca inní: fir hErend uile ... ac t. na mbuden rompu dochum in chatha (imain, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 5855 . ¤béim frontal or direct blow, violent blow : uathbas bretha impaib do thulbemmenaib, TBC-LL¹ 939 . dobretha tathulbéim do chlaidiub C. dó, 1310 . ¤berbad great boiling: taul fair fortrend fodomain cairi chóir chutrummae cetri ndam tollchruís tolberbud im chethóra mucca midisi inna midchróes mórthaltu, LU 7198 . ¤berna: taurrána tairsce | taulberna tar róut `front-breaching across a road,' MacNeill, Law of status 310.82 ( ZCP xii 366.19 ). ¤breith extempore judgment (?): tendaid breo tengaidh (leg. —adh ?) tuilbretha `the flame of the tongue kindles hasty judgments (?)' (notes), Ériu xiii 14.15 .i. is losgadh don tengaid beres na tulbretha, O'Dav. 1547. Cf. tulbrethach infra. tulbretha Fachtna , Laws i 26.2 Comm. ¤buirbe great fierceness: re t. na Tuaiscertach, MR 258.11 . ? ¤chaíne. In n.pr. Taulchaine rígdrúith ríg Temra, BDD² 1193 . ¤chasad see separate article. ¤chath head-on encounter, fierce battle: tucsat taelcadh doibh `made an onset upon them,' AU ii 192.15 . tailcath, 19 . tulchad Raigne rúaid ` encounter ,' RC xxix 212 § 12 . ¤chind see separate article. ¤chlár front (of forehead): co rruc t. ind étain, LU 4900 ( TBC-I¹ 423 ). da benad C. ... béim da durn dess i tulchlar a etain dó, TBC-LL¹ 4281 . ¤chnáim frontal bone (of the head), forehead: tulcnaim a chind, RC xvi 54.16 . co roímid a thulchnaim as a chind súas, LL 169b4 . ¤chobra boss of a shield: tri scéith dergga ... co telcob[r]adaib oi[r] foraib, LL 30d48 . iar telcomraib sciath, BB 489a15 . ¤chóir favourable judgment (?), prima facie case (?) : tuc Mlaise taircsi fa tulcoir | do féimset gach ni ro ráid, SG 35.17 . budh beag dtaraidh an t. | it aghaidh don agarthóir, DDána 101.23 . ¤chomrac see terchomrac. ¤chubae see separate article. ¤drech. Only in etymol. gloss: for tullrech (analysed as tul + drech ?) in talman, no for tul dreiche in talman (gloss on tellraig), Laws i 66.4 Comm. ¤druimm burly (?) back: ria n-amdabchaibh sciath for tuldromunnaib laechrad, BB 411a36 . ¤fhéith frontal (protruding ?) muscle or sinew: tulfēthi a orcan ... tollfēthe a mullaich, TBC-I¹ 1935 - 6 (= LU 6449 - 51 ). do éirgidar toillféthi a mullaigh co mbátar ar chuing a muiníl, Comp. CC 102.y . See also toilḟéith. ¤fhót: ra tailfhót de thailfhótaib in talman `projecting clod,' Gloss., MU² 668 . ¤fhuigell cf. ¤chóir, supra: tulfuigeall ` speedy judgement ,' Laws iv 8.26 , taken by Comm. ( 12.4 f. ) as compd. of tall. tul fuigeall uadaib, dianad be feineachas, 18.y . ¤glenn: fān, no seisc, no tail gleann ` stony vale ' (of non-arable land), Laws iv 144.8 Comm. ¤gubae wailing, clamour, clashing (spec. of shields): ro clos telgubai tromm tóethinach tré nert n-immfhorrain na curad, Alex. 266 . ? co n-inseadh Ulaid aengnim im thulgubha deilighthi co trebhi amnus Atharní, BB 259a6 = YBL 178b51 . tulguba na scíath, TTr. 597 . CCath. 905 . tulguma na sciath, Aen. 2489 . ¤imbliu boss of a shield: scieth ... cona taulimlinn tailc tuinigthe d'or derg, CCath. 4726 . ¤mag high plain, plateau (?) : t. bad líach do lot-báig (Tara), Metr. Dinds. i 6.4 . tibit t. Alinde, ii 82.44 . ¤maidm large chasm: resin t. talman ... ar lar in maigi (`sudden bursting of the earth'), TTebe 2965 . ¤medón exact middle: a Cnucc Úachtair Fh. ... cu tailmedón Trága Baile the very middle, MU² 25 . ¤mire violence, impetuosity: a fhiru Muirid, miad ngle, | do nach tuirim tailmire, Metr. Dinds. ii 26.2 . is do'n t. tuaiscertaig in taem sin, MR 158.8 . ¤mong see separate article. ¤naidm immediate obligation: cin ailseth acht taurbuith to bais no galair no thaulna(i)dmand tuath `sofortiger Verpflichtungen gegenüber dem Stamme,' Bürgschaft 22 § 65 c , `Es handelt sich um Einberufung zum Heeresdienst oder zur Volksversammlung, was allen sonstigen Verpflichtungen vorgeht,' p. 24 . ¤port see separate article. ¤rand? ingean Roduib ... | Margin (sic leg., Ed.) na tor asin tul-raind | rosgon ar in Duiblind deirg, Ériu x 81 § 54 . ¤réim see tuillréim. ¤shamlugad see separate article. ¤shním (?): toirthe 'n-a thír ga dtuilshníomh (ttoilghníomh, coimh-shníomh, v.ll.), DDána 113.23 . ¤shunnradh see separate article. ¤tapad violent start: ni ro cuirset cor dibh, acht amail tarraidh in tultapadh íett `save as the sudden starting seized them,' CCath. 5565 . tultapadh .i. tap a gcion, O'Cl. ¤treb? Taken in Laws Comm. as compd. of tol: sét gabla ... do cach tuiltreb .i. don ti risin toltanach bith ina treb, Laws iii 458. 22 Comm. is as gabar eisidhe .i. do bert set gabla for muin dire in cach tul treibh (tultreibh ?), O'Curry 1645 ( 23 Q 6, 19b ).

(b) With adjectives. ¤aircnech (oirgnech) very aggressive: Concubur clothamra tulaircneach, BB 259a8 = YBL 179a2 . ¤ammuis (g s. of ammus) well-directed, finding the mark (of slings, missiles, etc.): do clochaibh tulamais, CCath. 1719 . taibli taidlecha tulamuis, TTebe 1401 . ile ... do tromchlochaibh tuinighe tulammais, Hugh Roe 106.7 . do threinbeimennaibh ... tulamuis, Stair Erc. 1337 . ¤bochtaib d p. with broken bosses (?): ferna t. trataib iar fuin, LU 6809 ( BDD 35 = tullochtaib, BDD² 332 ). ¤borb rough, fierce, violent, etc.: fear ... t., MR 152.5 . fogragad t. (sic leg. ?) na cruinni, TTebe 1285 . freagartha ... tulbhorba ... na d-tonn, ML 44.z . tromluirech ... th., Stair Erc. 243 . tachar tulbhorb, AFM iv 1216.1 . troda togda tulborba, BB 241a15 . co ... t., MR 126.12 . ¤brén stinking, rotten ; lathach (locha ?) dóimne tuilbréna, IT i 190.26 . a muir tuilbrēn teinntidhi, Ériu iii 30 § 15 . mara techta tuilbrena ` surface-stinking ,' Lism. L. 3664 . ¤brethach (cf. tul-breith supra): is de is ainm Fachtna T. (i.e. because when he gave false judgment the fruit fell and cows would not yield their milk, but when he gave true judgment the fruit remained safe on the trees), Laws i 24.22 Comm. ¤buide with yellow boss: scíath dond telbude, LU 8638 . Of Tara : a Themhair, a telbuidhe (`O beloved hill'), AFM i 480.17 . ¤chaín smooth-topped: ba de gabsat Albain | ard-glain talcain tlach[t]-mín, Todd Nenn. 150.4 . As n.pr. Munnu maic Thulcháin, Corm. 29 Munnu. ¤cheppach ? in nathir thuilcheppach thair | Muirchertach mac Muiredaig, Rawl. 163a2 ( L. Cl. A. B. 282.3 , 285.3 ). ¤chinnte very certain (?): is tuilchinnti techt dá léim | bert is uirchillti eiséin, IGT Decl. ex. 620 . ? ¤chintach: cuimhnig Muirchertach ... | slat fa tuilcintach re toir, Irish Texts ii 32 § 13 . ¤chróda very brave: marbhoim deich gcéad tulchródha, Duan. F. i 86 § 8 . ¤ gatánach: Māel Sechlaind mac Domnaill dathgil | dorn i Tailtin tulgatānaig (: mulbratānaig) 'der die Faust auf Tailtiu mit geflochtener Brustwehr legt', Bruchst. i 17 § 34 . ¤garb rough, fierce: do ronsat trodach thulgarbh, Caithr. CC 45.5 . ¤gel bright-bossed: scíath taulgel, LU 10796 . ¤glan: 's é fúair in tír tul-glan `the bright-swelling land,' Metr. Dinds. iii 298.7 . tulghlan .i. tulach glan, O'Cl. ¤glas green-hilled : ós talmain telglais, SR 2670 . Echtga, trebar tel-glas ` green-swelling ,' Metr. Dinds. iii 302.66 . ¤goirt very bitter : treas tulghuirt, IT iii 95.18 ( Bruchst. i 64 § 147 ). ¤gorm blue-fronted. Of waves, the sea: do drumcla tuindi tul-guirmi, BDD² 828 . tul na tuindi tulguirme, Acall. 2935 v.l. ar in muir ... tulguirm, 6339 . forrsin farrgi tul-guirm ... taeb-uaine, KMMisc. 314.z . Of shields blue-bossed : sceith troma tulguirm, Fen. 370.6 . Note also: grían t., MU² 461 . sron ... t., CCath. 4025 . ¤gubach clashing, clamorous: dagniat ... tres trén t., TTr. 1258 . ¤fhaebrach keen-edged: faga tromger tulfhaebrach, TTebe 1016 . ¤lethan with broad forehead: fer tailc tuillethan, MU² 642 . dá ech ... tullethain, LU 8593 . ? Of a shield broad-bossed : fa thairrlethar in scēith fil foro thairr sceō thaullethan inn ōclāich, TBC-I¹ 2341 (see 1 tairsce). ¤mael lit. bare-topped. Of an animal's horns: ri haduath a adarc t. tamnaigthi, TTebe 1405 . Of headless bodies: comdaís ... tul-mhaela colla na curadh, MR 302.22 . ¤maithmech: an teangasa nach tulmhaithmheach `this unforgiving tongue,' Aithd. D. 61.9 . ¤medrach very cheerful, merry . As subst.: treb Dháthí in tuilmedrach, YBL 373b11 . ¤mer very swift, violent, impetuous: tonna tuilmera, ZCP xii 393.1 . tamain thulmera `writhing trunks,' TTebe 3504 . ó D. an tarbh tuilmhear, DDána 113.34 . ¤mín gentle, steady: raon tuilmhín gach dáimhe dhamh, Irish Texts iv 57.7 . ¤obann very sudden: in fhōgra th., Fl. Earls 26.9 .

(c) Rarely with verbs. ¤brisid smashes, shatters: cor' imir in a[n]bth ne for longaibh C. co ro tuilbrisit LX long díbh, CCath. 179 . ? ¤cháinid: in torc trén tulcháinim, Acall. 2623.