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airbertad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbertad or dil.ie/1624
Last Revised: 2019

vn. of ar-berta (see airmert): huare nadrucsat diriug orcuin duid iarna erbertad 'because they did not succeed in the slaying of David after the preparation of it', Études Celt. xl 56 ( Ml. 23b5 ). immusbé fadéin . . . a.¤ naiss (Néde to Ferchertne ) `an expression of new wisdom', RC xxvi 52 § 284 .

brinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brinn or dil.ie/6830

n appar. also -a.

(a) vision, dream, revelation: brinda .i. a verbo frendo .i. ar ni lábra reil vel a bruto eloquio , Corm. 8 = brind, Corm. Y 157. O'Mulc. 158. b.¤ .i. brionngloíde, O'Cl. Brinna Ferchertne inso trīna codlud (title), ZCP iii 41.10 . conattuil T. tromchodlad ┐ contarfas brinnu ┐ tairchetal neith búi ar chionn do, SG 321.8 . na brinna ón na brinna / dogní Tadc ria cath Crinna `the revelations', 18 . ó 'n bfior a n-airde a brinna, 27 . (rhet.) nī budh bruan (buan, v.l., sic leg. ?) brinda, ZCP viii 104.23 .

(b) fictive thing, falsehood: brionn .i. brég, O'Cl. dá cuirinn brind sís ní cóir amasán (leg. achmusán) orm, O'Gr. Cat. 124.34. In cheville: cen brinda ṁbalc, LL 15731.

forus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forus or dil.ie/24049
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: forus, forus, foris, forois, foris, forsib, foirsib, foras, faras

n o, u, n. (for decl. cf. dorus). n s. a forus sae, Cáin Ad. 28 . d s. forus, Wb. 15d34 . g s. foris, 9c1 et pass. forois, Sg. 138a7 . n p. cf. inna foris , Ml. 63c6 , which seems corrupt. d s. forsib, Laws i 288.10 . foirsib, ii 78z . foras m. IGT Decl. § 38 .

As to the suggestion by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 676 that it is the abstr. to fo-ro-finn- (see for-finnadar) see Bergin, Ériu xii 223 . The derivation < forfis given by Asc. is untenable (despite the expl. in Rawl. 105b cited below and: foras fírfhios, O'Cl. Such expls., frequent in Laws only show that the original meaning of the word was then unknown); see Gwynn, KMMisc. p. 183 .

I

(a) that which is stable; stability; basis, foundation, bottom , the orig. sense acc. to Gwynn loc. cit.; in older texts generally in fig., in later also in lit. sense. í f.¤ cen oclatid at rest, unmoved (gl. in longanimitate Wb. 15d34 (`in knowledge' Edd. Thes., taking gloss to refer to the preceding in scientia. Bergin suggests `in firmness' Ériu xii 223 ). cen nī don dīni bai i fus | hi suidib fīri hi f.¤ (i.e. who had remained stationary on the hither side, see 1 Sam. xxx 22 ) SR 6464 . iarraidh ḟorais i fudomain (of a hopeless undertaking), CCath. 4396 . atáim ceangailte i láib an ghrinnill ┐ ní fhuil f.¤ ann, TSh. 4188 (= substantia Psalms lxviii 3 ). do thuit tu san bpoll ... is nach bhfoghair foras acht ag gabhail timchioll choidhche, Luc. Fid. 292.16 . grinneal aigéin gan f.¤ `unfathomable ocean-bed' TD 17.52 . This is prob. the sense in the follg. fig. expressions: f.¤ comairle `steadfastness of counsel' Ériu vii 138 (d) = ZCP iii 25.23 . f.¤ fesa (of Cathbad) TBC-LL¹ 5487 St (cf. F.¤ Feasa ar Éirenn, the title of Keating's history (= the firm foundation of knowledge of Ireland ?)). f.¤ úird na healadhna (of a chief), Rel. Celt. ii 272.10 . f.¤ focal (name of a glossary) LL 395a1 . béim forais a driving home (?), fig. a fundamental doctrine, statement of a general principle underlying several previous statements, see Gwynn, KMMisc. p. 178 ff .: beim foris tra anisiu, Wb. 11c3 ( 1 Corinth. x 31 ). is béim foris inso forsna dlígetha remeperthi no is titul in dligid ar chiunn, Wb. 13a29 , similarly 9c1 , 10a12 , 28a11 . beim foirais lessom ánísiu for a remeperthe asrubart riam .i. as hon choimdid forcomnacair a mbrith som isin doiri (gl. A Domino factus est istud ...) Ml. 131c14 , cf. aithbeim forais, 94c13 . beim forois in sin (gl. Et ea per naturam, following descr. of the formations tonstrix, tonstricula from tonsor. Gwynn, KMMisc. 181 , would translate `a statement of principle') Sg. 138a7 . co bráth combad beim forais, SR 6468 (= quasi lex in Israel usque in diem hanc 1 Sam. xxx 25 ). as tusa do raid tosach an cobro, as let beim a foris you began the conversation, it is yours to state the gist of the whole matter ZCP xiii 274.18 . is sí roben beim forais for in lámthorad, LU 10322 = ZCP iii 237.7 . beim forais an aphorism O'Mulc. 578 (see KMMisc. 183 ). indeóin forais something firmly based; a `point d'appui,' fulcrum, base of operations (?): ro múradh ... an toilén ... fo dháigh ná badh carracc cothaighthe ┐ ná budh inneoin ḟorais do dhiberccach é, AFM v 1742.6 . istudh flatha ┐ indeoin forais (of Babylon), CCath. 21 . Of persons: in indeoin forais ┐ an forus breth (of Cicero) ib. 4492 . inneóin ḟoruis Inse Fáil, TD 25.40 . O Cerbhaill ... inneóin forais ┐ uaithne óir na nEileach `anvil of the solidity' AFM v 1408.5 . tabraid for cobais ... rād forais (a statement from the very beginning, an exhaustive account ?) SR 3614 . Cf. further: is cían o tá hi fis ┐ hi f.¤ for tíchtain sund your coming hither has long been a matter of established knowledge LU 1812 ( RC ix 490 ). im Teamhair tír in ḟorais, BB 37b36 . Ard na Riag, raid a foros ` origin ' Metr. Dinds. iii 414 . oldate inna foris di ar n-athraib, Ml. 63c6 (gl. magna a patribus de tuis factis audivimus et maiora [praestolamur]) is almost certainly corrupt. The rendering is Thes. `than the accounts of our fathers' is in any case impossible.

(b) established or fundamental principles of knowledge or science, axioms, apodictic maxims (?): fochmorc foruis (of Ferchertne: investigation of first principles i.e. a final authority ?) Rawl. 108b35 ( RC xxvi 20 ). forus .i. forismus [ = ἀφόρισμος] graece, sermo breuis latine ... unde dicitur : adcomced beim foruis fair [ = O'Mulc. 578 ] nō forus .i. fis for araile ut est is ē in fis in Senchas Mār. is ē in forus Cāin Patraic ┐ Cāin Adomnan , Rawl. 108b36 ff . Cf. foras .i. dligheadh no bunáit. foras chána Adhamnáin, etc., O'Cl. see also under (c) below. a fis, a f.¤, a foirceatol, Ériu iv 146 § 24 . a filidhecht ┐ a f.¤ dhorchaidh `abstruse knowledge' AU iii 572 . a croinicib ┐ a Periges Prescean ┐ a berla forais, BB 488a marg. inf., man. rec. ( IT ii2 96 ). Esp. of legal learning: o Feinib gach foruss, Corm. Y 975 , p. 84 . cach dliged iar f.¤, cach rāth co f.¤ , ACL iii 227.53 . cach f.¤ co slán, cach slan co f.¤ , 60 - 62 (perh. these belong to II). faras ` Reason ' Kirk (gan ḟ.¤ ` unreasonable ' 2 Thessal. iii 2, 1681 = gan chúibhgheas 1602).

(c) hence the principle or enactments of a law, passing occas. into sense of enforcement, sanction (cf. cit. fr. Rawl. 108b above): iss ead in so f.¤ Cana Adomnan ... Oc Birraib forurmed a f.¤ sae for feraib Hērenn, Cáin Ad. 28 . is ed in so f.¤ cána in domnaig, Ériu ii 202 § 20 . f.¤ chano Patricii hi Cruachnibh la Dub da leithi ` promulgation ' AU 782 = AFM 778 . breth ria f.¤, f.¤ ria forba, Cóic Con. p. 30 § 16 (stages in a lawsuit: `Geltend-Erklärung' Thurn., i.e. enforcement of the verdict ?). cēin bīt brethemain fri tasbenad ┐ foros (.i. in fis ōgh asa mberend a brethe), ZCP xii 359.24 . cūlairecht ..., is iat all bis iar g[c]ūl na n-airechta fri breth ┐ f.¤ (.i. fri fīrfis na brethe sin) ib. 17 .

Occurs in late compds. in sense of aged or tried, experienced: foraisbhean .i. bean áosda, O'Cl. na bhforascháirdibh friends of long standing Ó Bruad. iii 192 . forasoglach .i. óglach aosta, O'Cl. ba forasócclach an ionbhaidh sin é ┐ nir bhó túalaing tathugadh a thuath (of an aged chief), Hugh Roe 32.21 (f. 9a) . mna ┐ miondaoine ┐ forusócclaoich old men 124y (f. 33b) . a uaisle, a airigh, ┐ a ḟorusocclaoigh veterans AFM vi 2126.24 .

II A station, resting-place, dwelling. Cf. lethdire foruis, Críth G. 220 . In Laws sometimes glossed by `ārus' and used esp. of a cattle-pound or other place where distrained cattle might be detained (f.¤ n-athgabála), a place appointed for the delivery of animals according to a contract: ni fuil acht tri foruis ann: f.¤ n-acra, f.¤ nditin, f.¤ mbreitheamhun Laws ii 10.24 (glossed .i. tri aruis ib. 27 ). icfai a slan ... a f.¤ to thigi fadein, Bürgschaft 27 § 74c . atdaime for f.¤ ┐ follus ┐ fiadan `Erfüllungsort' 15 § 51b . fuircimsi cobach latsa ar mo chind i maighin an forais, 13 § 44 . fiach domsa huait ... isind f.¤ sa, 15 § 51a . f.¤ fēich, 17 § 52 . raith fuis (.i. raith bis a fosaighecht i f.¤), 41 . f.¤ tuaithe `territory house', Laws iv 302.5 ( Críth G. 57 : `to the appointed place in the territory (?)'; apparently `a public infirmary,' Mac Neill, MacNeill, Law of status 285 ). fer forais `a house-holding man ' (one expl. of `seirthiud') Laws iv 352.1 . ailid fír foirrse an oath requires fixed habitations v 460.16 (= ZCP xvi 270 , but see foirse). atait secht foruis ... arachuille coir n-athgabala ... a n-āin i tech mbriugud, ... cathuir uasalnemid, tech bid fas. Otha suidiu dligi cach f.¤ n-athgabala dia faithce fodesin (i.e. there are seven illegal pounds for cattle; these apart, anyone may detain them in his own green) Laws v 266.19 . a tabairt (na athgabala) ... a f.¤ dona secht forsib, i 288.10 . See also s.v. foíndel (c). Rucus: f.¤ n-athgabāla, i n-alachrích I decided that it was lawful (in the case) to impound beyond the territory Caratnia 49 . dermadach forais forgetful about the place appointed for fulfilling the contract Bürgschaft 31 § 84 .

Defining gen.: seirthiud [sic leg.] .i. oclach do daghcenel no fer forais `a householding man' Laws iv 352.1 . ? cf. sentuindi foraiss, Cóir Anm.² i 103 § 104 (Ed. 7) ​​​. rath foruis, Bürgschaft 28 § 76a ( .i. aga mbi arus, 41 ). .uii. muca co muic ḟorais `domestic boar (?)' Críth G. 90 (a `resident sow' the remaining seven being expendable and replaceable ?). tuirc ḟorais `domestic boars' 195 .

Cf. apad ┐ forais, Cáin Ad. 39 . na .iii. foruis .i. cain ┐ cairde ┐ urrudus, no fogelt ┐ bleith ┐ dithim, H 3.17, c. 4 , 35 ( O'D. 5 ). filidh fíora forusda, f.¤ teora mbreth, breth Féne, breth filedh saoir, breth fuighill, Ériu xiii 32.6 . ... fuigheall fri f.¤ fath, 33y . ? dlighedh do feghar for f.¤ firinnsge, 26.6 .

immallé, immalle(i), ma(i)llé, ma(i)lle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immallé, immalle(i), ma(i)llé, ma(i)lle or dil.ie/27701

Forms: immal(l)ei, immelei

(see GOI § 841 ). With final long vowel: immallē: Dé, Thes. ii 349.10 . imma-lē: Dé, LL iii 20149 (= Metr. Dinds. ii 40.58 ). mo-llé: Dé, LL iii 21894 (= Metr. Dinds. iv 96.58 ). imma-llé: mé, Murphy Lyrics 42 § 12 . malé, SR 1161, 1519 . See Ériu liii 136 . Written immal(l)ei, immelei in Wb. only. adv. jointly, together ; at the same time: is hed as técte dúib nébeth immalle `not to be along with [them],' Wb. 9b17 . nabad immalle labritir ` together ,' 13a5 . is immallei rofóitea, 27c35 . imba immalei do occar taithchricc et occar náinsem `will He be at the same time redeeming us and accusing us ?,' 4b16 . hore ataaithsi immelei `because ye are together,' 10a6 . nímmalle act is cach ae foleith, 17d2 . immalle son gl. [cum conuenissent] in unum, Ml. 61b23 . digal for maccu israhel huili immalle, 115a14 . di chanoin anisiu immelle `this is two texts together,' 68d9 . ménogud inna teora ṅguttae immalle `the hiatus of the three vowels together,' Sg. 40b8 . frisambí immalde de aos sruith `in regard to such elderly people as live with him,' Mon. Tall. 152.24 . bennacht Brigte ocus Dé | for-don-rabat immalle, Lib. Hymn. 127. 208 . is malle connub-cabsat | dochum n-Ísu meicc Muire, 103 § 65. aensit Gaoidhil da tredan immelle, AU i 240.4 . geguin ind ele hē ┐ huirt mac a brathar immelle at the same time, Ériu iii 137.58 . immalle dano tāncatar ocus techta Ulad, Sc.M² § 1. atát tri cóecait ... do mnáib ... acum i ndún immalle (: messe), LU 3951. canait ceol ṅgluair immalle, SR 599. cethrar ┐ ceithri cét | ... | raharta im Giric male `were slain along with Quiricus,' Fél. 150.28 . ar co n-diglom malle in maccraid forsna sluagaib, TBC-LL¹ 2514. eagluis fine erluma ocus grin imale `and that of [the owner of] the land at the same time,' Laws iii 74.13 . cethrur in gaband ┐ cethrur don cerd conid ochtur a ndam imalle ` all together ,' v 104.21 Comm. immalle tra dathómlitís a próind, Lat. Lives 92.16 . dlegar díb imalle `from both equally,' PH 6514. trūag in comroc imale | Blāthnad ocus Ferchertne `the struggle together,' Ériu ii 30 § 14. co tairsidis amaille in catha, Anecd. ii 79.8 . dia mbátar and immalle | de dorónad Furbaide (of conjugal union), Metr. Dinds. iv 30.y . ar ni foerlangtar nert ind ḟlatha ┐ ind laith gaile 'moalé, Cymmr. xiv 106 § 5. a haibhne a locha ma le, Content. iv 20.

Used in connection with a space of time, consecutively ?, or perhaps, in all, altogether: secht ṁbliadna lana mole | ... | ó gab Ioseph gloir garta | co aimsir na mórgorta, SR 3381. tri bliadhna deg immaille | rofaemadh Niall caem Caille, Todd Lect. iii 422.5 . ix mbliadna fichet malle | ... | ... | i rríge os Banba bratrúaid, LL 127b7 . naoi fichit bliadain mole ... ba he saogal Moninde, AFM i 168.16 .

Combined with fri (re), la, forming a prep. phrase.

(a) with, along with: do buith immalle fris, Ml. 102a19 . tri buith immalle friu, 47b8 . oc comguidi dae frinni immelle `in joint prayer together with us,' 53b15 . fodaimet immalle lium ón ┐ condogailsegetar lium immalle `who endure along with me and who also are sorrowful along with me,' 87b17 . mad immalde fris doteccme `if thou happen to be beside him,' Mon. Tall. 160.10 . tecmoncuir banscal immaildi fris arsin t[ṡ]éit, 153.20 . da-recmaing immalle fri Conaire ind inbuidse, BDD² 972. leth aithgin mas maille ri t' indilib fein gatar, Laws v 192.8 Comm. geis do dul ría sluagh moale | luan dar belach Duiblinne, BB 267b31 . sith maille frib a teglach uasal `peace be with ye,' D IV 2, 58ra30 . gloir ... duit, a Christ, malle friss-in athair, PH 157. ro-chlaidset immalli frim in duma-sin, 1573 . rotescad a cend don druth cosin cathbarr moaille fris, RC xvi 74 § 122. maille réd uile fhagháil fagh tuigse `with all thy getting get understanding,' Proverbs iv 7. i mbás mhíle do mhíltibh oile maille riú, TSh. 782. i n-a choimhiteacht ┐ immailli friss, Fl. Earls 190.27 .

With (expressing manner): doratsat ... pōic dia chois ... maille fri humhla ┐ reuerens, Fl. Earls 170.18 . do iarr a bheannacht, agus a tug sé sin dó maille le deaghthoil, Maguires of F. § 26. do shiubhail sé maille réna cheann crom `ambulabat demisso capite,' TSh. 8373.

immalle ocus along with: gabais a macc F. fri ré noi mbliadan comrand caemfer malle acus Domnall dianglan `along with active Domnall,' Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 18.

(b) With causal or instrumental force because of, by means of, by reason of, by, in: mailli re comhairle morain do noemaiph `by the advice of many of the saints,' BCC 118.11 . bidh sotheguiscc amailled re comairled duine oile `be docile to the counsel of another,' Ériu v 134 § 79. na hoibrecha donither amailled re crinnacht `deeds done in wisdom,' 138 § 115 . go bhfoillseóchthaoi maille ris cionnus do claochlódhthaoi na daoine `ut in eo ostenderetur qualiter homines ...,' TSh. 3102. an tí ghníomhuigheas maille ré duine oile `qui facit per alium,' 4351 . do éist Dia ré n-a nguidhe maille ré Turgésius do thabhairt ar chumas na nGaedhal `by giving T. into the power of the Irish,' Keat. iii 2782. acht mailli fri ced spesialta ōn pā[pa] nī gnāth a ffaixin `only by special permission,' Fl. Earls 192.12 .

With prep. omitted: coimiltear an corp guleir ... maille tuailib trena `with strong towels,' 23 P 10³, 39b36 . co nderna se obair rodhaingen ... maille diablaideacht ro-mhoir, ITS xix 10.14 .

imscar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imscar or dil.ie/28077

n [o, m.] mutual parting, separation (used esp. of combatants separating after an encounter): is doig lim-sa debaid [d]uib ria n-i.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1805. i.¤ badach a nimscarad, D IV 2, 77vb7 . imsgar ┐ imludh na cloinde sin Iba[i]d, Ériu viii 8.2 .

the result of an encounter, the circumstances in which the combatants part: a i.¤ ┐ meic Con asin chath ro boí ar bert oco `the outcome of the battle for him and Mac Con ?', LU 9828. (transltd. PRIA iii 561.12 ). ar rofedar ni bad i.¤ mac mbec im cuail fithiucan a n-i.¤ na da ardmiled, BB 435a52 . robái brón for bantrocht ban | sund 'sin maig mór ria n-i.¤ `at their fatal encounter,' Metr. Dinds. iii 134.2 . trúag a n-aided, a n-i.¤ , ib. 22 . trúag a n-i.¤ imalle | Bláthnat ┐ Ferchertne , 254.5 . tucus cend Fiadmoir ... isin n-iarnoin ar n-i.¤ , Acall. 6519.

In Laws the act of separating from a correlate (tenant and chief, husband and wife, etc.) (involving the recalling or sending back of stock, division of goods, etc. This separation may be from (a) choice, (b) necessity, or (c) the absence of the proper qualifications on either side): tic i.¤ fir ┐ a mhna do i.¤ flatha ┐ a ceile, O'D. 2264 (< Rawl. 506, fo. 22, p. 1 ). in t-i.¤ imtoga ocus in t-i.¤ contethnghatar anfolaid cechtar da lina a mutual separation by choice and a mutual separation caused by the disqualification of both parties, Laws ii 338.30 Comm. is cuimgech in fuidir d'a tabar fearand [amain] i.¤ risin flaith in tan is ail leis, v 362.7 Comm. mas tri indeithbirius mna do rignedh in t-i.¤ , iii 316.17 . atait secht mna la Feine ... it meise i.¤ a lanamnus who are competent to separate from the marriage tie, 292.17 . fogail imscair `a wrong justifying separation' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 1627 (< H 5.15, p. 16, col. 1 ). duine nach fuil sailachtain umscair ris `expectation of separation,' Laws iv 230.15 . ni diubur flaith de a lo imsgair `the chief shall not be defrauded on account of it on the day of separation,' ii 316.8 . a fastad no go faccbu lan in iumscair `the full settlement of separation' (of a free fuidir), v 262.17 Comm. mo bis frescuisiu imscair og in daer erennach ina og an daer thairis the Irish slave has more expectation of severance (i.e. of regaining his freedom) than the foreign one, 110.14 Comm. See ZCP xiv 383 .

3 ná, na

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 ná, na or dil.ie/32901

Forms: na, nád, an(n)á, an(n)a, arná, arna, con(n)á, cona

conj. introducing subord. neg. clause; in O.Ir. generally na, often alternating with nád (nad); folld. by ro, often nar (nár). When an inf. pron. follows, 4 nach is used. Used in O. and Mid.Ir. in follg. cases:

(a) after the rel. adverbs amal, in tain, uair; after a n- when, while and after ara, co n-, introducing final or consecutive clauses (in these cases generally forming the compds. an(n)á, an(n)a; arná, arna; con(n)á, cona):

amal na fil i ndia (an)isiu as this is not in God, Wb. 14c24 . amal naṅdéni mascul as it does not make a masculine, Sg. 125a6 (= nán?). in tan na hantai for cocertad Medba since ye abide not by M.'s judgement, FB 75. in tan toccraides don choimdid nech ┐ na denand a chomarli, PH 4016. huare narbu derachtae, Ml. 18d18 . uair ná dernsam cuibdi, SR 1853. an[n]ambaid buidig when ye are not content, Ml. 115b10 . annar-bu buidech som, 40d10 . ánamtar tuidchissi (sic leg.) when they were not led, Sg. 6a13 (< a n-na-mbatar). See also arná, conná (under ar, co). Similarly after other conjunctions or rel. adverbs: daig na tísat that they may not come, PH 1013. o ro bitis . . . oc denum edpart do ┐ na tabrad freccra doib, 1958 . After in (interrog.), nád is generally used in Glosses; but cf. innabet o nach ainmmdiu whether they are not from any nominal form, Sg. 56b1 . ina raibi Gaedelg resiu ro tobaidhe? did not Gaelic exist? Auraic. 13.

Occas. with inf. pron.: arnam-tomnad námmin duine that he should not suppose me not to be a human being, Wb. 17d23 . hore nán rairigsiur because I had not perceived it (sc. peccad), 3c26 . huare nand chumgat because they cannot do it, Ml. 94b3 . aircein nant ro chomairleic som dunni as long as he did not permit it, 53d9 . cf. Wb. 3d13 .

(b) after cid (ar) why? cid arnabu son inchoissised longud? why was it not a word to express devouring? Ml. 56a13 . cid arna techta in psalm-sa titul?, Hib. Min. 11.365 . cid arna toet? PH 1218. cid ná tabraid in cauradmir?, FB 72. cid nab sin Fedelm-sa . . . cichsed ría cach mnaí? why should it not be F., ib. 22 ( LU 8296 , cf. 8318 ).

(c) introducing a noun-clause, either expanding an idea implicit in a foregoing noun or pron. or dependent on a vb. of feeling, perceiving, saying: co n-amairis na-nda-tiberad dia doib that God would not give it to them, Ml. 97d10 (with inf. pron.). is éiseo óen-ni moedim-se . . . na rag-sa fessin that I will not go, TBC-LL¹ 1777. ro fail a mor-abba dam-sa sain . . . na fetar, etc. I have good reason for that, (namely) that I know not, CRR 3. o atchuala M. . . . na cindte na berdais breith fair their determination not to pass judgement on him, PH 611. issed is cóir dúin na ragbam accaind na hindmusa, 6123 . is aire sin nara chóir duit-siu tiachtain, TBC-LL¹ 3527 (na rachóir, Wind.). arnamtomnad námmin duine that I were not a human being, Wb. 17d23 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 118 , ii 223 ). dar lim-sa na fail áth for abaind, CRR 28. ro fhitir na ra bi adbar aile aice, PH 530. Esp. in reported speech: asberad som na mbu tressa dia hirusalem that the God of Jerusalem was not stronger, Ml. 53d6 . atberim frib . . . na híb don chenel fhina-sa that I will not drink, PH 5055. asbert C. nárbu santach fair, FB 90. a[t]bert nár mó a olc dhó-som, TTr.² 73. By extension, after a vb. of asking: ro aitchiset na firu . . . naro indistis [na scéla], PH 3708.

For the copula-form nár in answering a question in the negative, see 3 nád.

(d) rarely introducing a final or consecutive clause (instead of arná, conná): tuargaib leiss . . . é go mbad ra áth a túaid ra beth in coscur ┐ na bad ra áth aníar in order that the victory might be north of the ford and not west of it, TBC-LL¹ 3967. afraig C. . . . na betis áes na fledi cen ól that . . . might not be without drink, FB 27. na tócuir chucut do chairdiu . . . na ro tochuiret-side tusu doridise, PH 6020 , cf. 6870 , 3178 . tuc Dia rath dō narb andsa la cristaigib he oldait geinte so that he was not dearer to Christians than to Gentiles, 310 .

(e) irregular in follg. exx.: (introducing a main clause) ro bádus-[s]a . . . for oen-lepaid ┐ nar fetus ergi, PH 2777. (in asking a question, for nách) `na tu Ferchertne?' ar C. `Me imorro' ar se, Ériu ii 28 § 10. Analogically for no co until after a neg. sent.: tiur-sa brethir . . . nachas-idnaidiub-sa andso . . . ná co clórat fir hErend mo chomergi-sea, TBC-LL¹ 4939 = no co ccluinit, St. na co risat . . . ni ricub-sa, 2890 , cf. 143 (perh. meant for no co).

núin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. núin or dil.ie/33357

adj evil, harm (poet. and B. na f.)? ba truag núin | no n-adraitis Gaedil gūir, LL 213b40 = truag in rúin, Metr. Dinds. iv 18.5 . cuic .i. rūn, ut Nede mac Adna dixit: ni chuala cuic nuin, Corm. Y 300 , cf. 698 (p. 60.7) . nuin .i. olc, ut est: ni cuala coic nuin .i. ni cuala ar ma run olc dam, H 3.18 p. 61b ( O'Curry 79 < Bretha Neimed). Cf. ni chuala cuic [cuich LL] n-inne [ninde, inní, inni v.l.] maicc Adnai, RC xxvi 14 § 6 (said by Ferchertne). See núna.

ríg-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ríg- or dil.ie/35266
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: righamuis, rídáil, rigdoirsi, rigduini, righfheinnidh, ríghfhlaithe, rígleptha, rígniath

n stem of king , used to form compds.

(a) in sense royal, pertaining to a king or chief ,

(b) pre-eminent of its kind; great, immense , used widely, esp. in poetic style, occas. with adj. and npr. Somet. written rí-. Permanent compds. in sense (a) with technical signification are given separately.

With subst.: ¤aball, TBC-LL¹ 2617 . ¤am(m)us a mercenary in service of a king , TBC-LL¹ 18 . TBC-I¹ 1483 . g s. righamuis, Anecd. ii 73.6 . ¤athgein: r.¤ meic Airt `a kingly equal to the son of A.', Metr. Dinds. i 36.103 . ¤baile a royal stead, chief town : in n-aen na rigbaili ro-mor, CCath. 5825 . AFM iii 484.9 . ¤bath slaughter of kings: bied rígbath 'there will be slaughter of kings' B. in Scáil § 15 , Ériu l 185 . ¤ben a lady : bāidh le rigmnaib, Irish Texts ii 65 § 17 . ¤bile: Crist . . . righbile os rāith, ZCP viii 199.12 . ¤bhodach 'representative of cottiers' (lit. term; ? calque on Fr. arcevilains or Lat. archivillanus Stud. Celt. xii 224-25 ): fá giúisdís agas fá ríghbhodach ar a raibhe do Chloinn Tomáis ann dá Chóige Mumhan, PCT 1325 . achtaoimaoid ríoghbhodach, 1589 . ¤briuga: Bruden uí Dergae rígbriugad Herend, BDD 70 . ¤bruiden, Acall. 1464 . ¤buiden: docom rigbuidean na Roman, CCath. 4754 . ¤chaindel, a large candle burnt in the presence of a king or chief ( Gadelica i 275 ): Critinbel ... is e cétcainte ro baid rigchaindell o teangaid ar tus e, Cóir Anm.² i 88 § 36 . tapracha ┐ rigchoindle, D IV 2, 79c5 . roraidset . . . no chomtoigebta rigcaindell for mur na cathrach, BB 442a3 . nar fedsat ... fegain ina agaid ... uair do batar da rigconnill ... ar lasad ... ina chind, Ann. Conn. 1256 § 6 = ALC i 412 . ¤caistél: teora righcaistel [sic], TBC-LL¹ 5592 St. (of structures for storming a fort). ¤chathair, FA 13 LB. don ríoghchathair (= in civitatem regalem, of Cashel), Keat. iii 358 . ¤cell: co rathaib rigc[h]ealla, ZCP viii 203.30 . ¤consul : iar cloistecht . . . écca na rígchonsul isin Róim, LB 153a43 (of Roman emperors). ¤dál f. a meeting of kings SGS xi 122 : righdhal occ Birraibh iter Feidlimidh ┐Concobar, AU 827.10 . rigdhal mor i Cluain Conaire Tommain eter Feidhilmidh ┐ Niall, 838.6 . righdal i n-Ardd Machae etir Mael Sechnaill co maithibh Leithi Cuinn ┐ Matodhan co maithibh Coicidh Conchobuir ┐ Dermait ┐ Fethgna co samhadh Patraicc ┐ Suarlech co cleirchibh Midhe, 851.5 . righdhal mathe Erenn oc Raith Aedho m. Bricc, 859.3 . d s. rídáil, SR 6818 (of Jerusalem). ríoghdháil nó cóimhthionól fhear nÉireann `great assembly', Keat. iii 2939 . ¤dorus: a p. rigdoirsi, LB 109a25 ( MacCarthy 38 y ). ¤dos, SR 796 . ¤drong: n p. rigdroing riata, LL 17a48 . ¤drúth: rígdruth ríg Temrach, BDD 111 . rigdrúth hEirenn, ZCP viii 309.19 . ¤dún: rígdún inna tuathe, Trip. 192.24 . g s. rigduini, CCath. 2945 . See Meyer's Miscell. Hib. (1917). ¤ecnaid, PH 4060 (of Solomon). ¤éices, ZCP viii 328.18 . drong ríg rigna is ríg-éices, Ériu viii 69.58 ( LL 31a22 ). ¤epscop, Fél. Apr. 14 . ¤fáith royal prophet , common epithet of King David, LU 2361 ( RC iv 248 § 14 ). FA 1 LB ( IT i 169.18 ). TSh. 6117 . ¤féil, Fél. Nov. 29 (of a saint's festival). ¤féinnid (féndid): a leader of a `fían' (see Fianaig. p. xiii ): Mael Huma in rigfeinnid, Rawl. 140a38 . bui r.¤ for Condachtaib fecht n-aill .i. Fothad C., Fianaig. 4. 1 . bai dono rifeinnid amra la Mumain intansin .i. Oilill, 6.12 . rífenid maith dom muintirsi, 54.9 . Of Finn: leisin ríḟeinnidh, 52.4 . Cummal mac Trénmóir rígfénnid Herend fri láim Cuind, LU 3163 . rigfendidh crodha ro boi i Connachta, ACL iii 224.13 . righfheinnidh `a general', Eg. Gl. 523 . ¤féinnidecht leadership of a `fían'; of the Fianna : as í comairle . . . ríghḟéinnidhecht Eirenn do tabairt d'Find, Acall. 1757 . ¤fer: cóic cét déc rigfher atát fót ríagail, LL 297a41 ( SG 364.34 ). Keat. Poems 653 . ¤fili: Dubthach rígfile, Lat. Lives 8.12 (= poetam optimum; perh. in sense of king's poet ). cosin rígfhilid co Amargin, TBC-LL¹ 4796 . 5343 . ¤flaith f. kingdom; of Heaven , Fél. Oct. 23 , Dec. 14 , Ep. 334 . A lord or ruler: n p. ríghfhlaithe, CCath. 4454 . 5534 . ¤flaithius lordship, rule : rigflaithius na Roma, CCath. 4450 , cf. 90 . ¤gein: ríggein Iohain baptaist, Fél. June 24 . ¤ídal: ic adrad Chroim Chróic rig-idail Herend chief idol , LL 16b30 , cf. Keat. ii 1924 . ¤imdae royal couch or seat , FB 2 . ¤laed: ro chan in fāid righlāid do Chunn, Anecd. ii 7.21 . ¤lám, Hy. v. 56 . ¤lepaid: g s. rígleptha, TBC-LL¹ 2 . ¤lia(e): (1) a huge stone : ríghlia cloichi, Acall. 968 . 3627 . (2) a great flood : frisort dó uisge .i. riglie mór, Trip. 138.18 . ¤longes: rígloṅges adbulmór, LL 309a43 (of Norse fleet) = Cog. 224.22 . ¤lus lit. royal herb (protection against the evil eye? Celtica xxiv 38 ): righlus ┐ tarblus ┐ aitheclus, righlus do righaib guna comhgradhaibh, CIH i 145.5 . ¤mac: rígmac (.i. mac in ríg .i. Colum Cille), LU 1080 ( ACC 111 ). TBC-LL¹ 574 . nóebmáthir mo rígmaicc, Fél. Aug. 16 (of Christ). ¤mart: bid formach do rígmartaib deaths of chiefs (?), TBC-I¹ 2058 ( LU 6575 ) = do rigmartra, TBC-LL¹ 2759 . ¤míl: na dá ríghmilid . . . Poimp Maighe ┐ Iul Cesair, CCath. 324 . 4731 . ¤múr, Aen. 1206 . CCath. 814 . ¤nert, TBC-LL¹ 3670 . ¤nia, TBC-LL¹ 580 . 611 . rígniath, 2570 (g s. for n s.). ¤oínmit royal fool: Comall Clocach in rīgōnmit, ZCP viii 298.20 . ¤ollam: rígollam de rígollomnaib Ulad (of Ferchertne), LL 266a24 . ¤persa(n): a p. righpersannu na Roman chief personages , CCath. 6162 . ¤ráth f. royal fort : assin rígráith, LU 3697 ( SCC 33 ). for rubu na rígrátha, RC xiv 412 § 23 . Cog. 204.29 . ¤recht: sergfait srotha . . . cen rethaib riaglai rīgrecht of divine laws (?), SR 8212 . In CCath. of the Roman respublica: meni creacadh in Roim ┐ in rígrecht re Cesair, CCath. 3202 . bidhbu in ríghrechta romhánaigh, 224 . ar métugud in rigrechta rómanaig, LB 132a52 . ¤rechtaire: rí[g]rechtaire Fhiann Eirenn ┐ Alban, Acall. 6587 . righrechtaire Erenn, RC xviii 58.23 . ¤rosc: sect meic imlesain ina rígrosc, LU 10151 . ceachtar a dā rigrosc, BDD 2 . TBC-LL¹ 1373 . ¤rún: ic foglaim ríagla is rigrún, SR 4134 . ¤sossad: rí rigḟial 'na rigsossud, SR 568 . i timchuairt ind rigsossaid, 550 . ¤sruth: fail ann mór do rigsrothaib, 504 . ¤suide: rigṡuide , gl. tribunal, Sg. 50a11 . hi rígsuidiu, gl. in solio, Ml. 114d2 . SR 402 . im rigsuide in Comded, FA 7 . Trip. 70.9 . PH 4134 . ō thalmain co rīgṡuidhe 'from earth to Heaven' Éigse xxi 4 . ¤toísech: meic ríg ┐ rigthuisech, TBC-LL¹ 827 . 1761 . ¤torad: fo rígthorud, TBC-LL¹ 2618 . fig. ós cach róen is rígthorud Metr. Dinds. iii 16.188 `royal revenue' v 131 . ¤treb: o Riphi rigtreib imra | co dithreib na nEtheopda the kingly domain (?) of R. , SR 2647 . rombeo it' rigthreib (of Kingdom of Heaven) ZCP i 497.10 . ¤uisce: dorimchell rígusciu Herend . . . .i. Buas. Boand, etc. chief waters (rivers ), BDD 154 .

With adjs. chiefly those formed from nouns: ¤cerdach: dia mbat ri bit righcerdach versed in the art of kingship , ACL iii 314 § 30 . 0 ¤dúilech: a Romhaill righduiligh! `Romulus royal-creative (?)', CCath. 422 ( creator , i.e. begetter of kings ?). ¤fial, SR 568 . 7785 . ¤métach (< méit `size'): dia chlaind ra-chaím rígmetáig `of kingly stature', Metr. Dinds. iii 20.254 .

rúathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rúathar or dil.ie/35656

Forms: rúathur

n o, m. (orig. neut.? eclipses follg. initial in chevilles, cf. LL 35b30 below) rúathur, IGT Dec. § 11 (p. 54.1) . A variant (? older) form róthar also occurs.

An onrush, onset, attack (gen. in hostile sense): ba ruathar n-anrath ort, LL 35b30 . bert . . . Ferchertne rōthar chuici `made a rush', Ériu ii 30 § 14 . is t[onn] rabarta ar rúathur , Fianaig. 60.16 . ruathur ratha an attack on a fort , TBC-LL¹ 5343 . in ruathar . . . ruccsat i cenn na caithetarnaidhe, CCath. 5793 . an ruccsabhair ruathar tenn ar Gallaibh?, Cog. 76.19 . nidat eolaigh coctha no crechi no ruat[h]air, BB 422b1 . do creachuib, ┐ do ruathruib `incursions', Laws i 226.8 Comm. ). rug ruathar airgni Umaill made a pillaging raid into U. , BB 51a3 ( MacCarthy 428 § 5 ). gan rúathar . . . gan airgni, BS § 19 . do bhí Éire saor . . . ó ruathar an uile chinidh (= ab incursu), Keat. i 82.15 . rugastar seacht ruathair troma . . . tairrsib charges , Celt. Rev. iv 16.8 . conair gacha catha, ┐ raon gacha ruathair, TSh. 6660 .

Of animals, etc.: co ruathur bethrach, IT iii 246.87 . tren-ruathar tairb, Cog. 184.16 . borb-ruathur dian-bunni dilend, 188.21 .

Common in chevilles, with indef. meaning: ruathar n-án, SR 3411 . r.¤ ṁbras, 6187 . ruathur ṅgle, 213 . ruathar creachach, Lism. L. 2130 .

The form róthar may be represented in Corm. Y 1263 ; tar .i. olc, unde rothar .i. ro-olc.

1 séis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 séis or dil.ie/36985

Forms: séise, séisi, séis, seis, ṡēis, sēs, seis, sési, sessi, sessib, séisi, -sésu, sessu

? originally u later i, Ériu xxxiv 61 n. 120 , Celtica vi 215 . n (Lat. sensus) n s. also séise, PBocht 27.26 . séisi, Oss. v 136.2 . n s. séis, LU 746 (ACC). seis choir, Laws iii 2.4 Comm . int ṡēis (: mēis), ZCP xiii 29.11 . ? sēs, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 92.15 ). d s for seis indligthig, Laws v 468.28 Comm . n p. sési, Hib. Min. 10.345 . sessi, Rawl. 79b8 . d p. sessib, LB 134a39 . But cf. g s. séisi, ZCP i 64.82 (: éisi). a p. -sésu, Ml. 37a10 . sessu (: hÉssu), SR 5163 .

(a) sense, meaning, purport; design, plan; order, arrangement (exact sense often obscure): rofes rúaim rofés s.¤ .i. rofes roim a hadnaicthe nó rofes ic Róim a ecnasom ┐ a chrabud. sess .i. sofis .i. fis ecnai ┐ fáitsine hi nnún, LU 746 - 8 ( ACC 44 ). adgenammar a s.¤ sechip hé no-da-pridcha gl. non enim ignoramus cogitationes eius `we know his meaning' (? better: his design), Wb. 14d28 . do thintud in suin ebraidi sluindes ilsésu ┐ ilintliuchtu `many senses and many meanings', Ml. 37a10 . in fer imarcraid teit ann for seis indligthig `in an unlawful manner' (with an unlawful purpose?), Laws v 468.28 Comm . rosre tened, tene feth, fogroll sēse, sopor somma, slocreth dána, RC xxvi 20 § 43 (`noise of knowledge'). ni rá[ ] gruaidhe o ghaeibh na ndroichṡés na háoire, Ériu xiii 48.6 . delither cīalla cengar sēsi (glossed .i. cēimnighter sofeasa imdha ann .i. sgēla ┐ genelche), Anecd. v 26.7 . si[u] dognetis aiṅgil uais | artuais cech caiṅgil iar s.¤ in order, SR 7854 . ni choemsaitis, digrais seis, | cech oen fochraic dib d'aisnes design (?), 519 . cen dula dar s.¤ no smacht beyond (God's) design?, 2393 . beōil i mbī sēis aifrinn ūais, ACL iii 308 § 33 . a s.¤, a foglaim, a foirceatul (of Ireland), Ériu iv 148 § 27 . ō ḟēil comperta Iohain | co cāisc, cāin int ṡēis (in hsés, int ḟeis, v.ll.), ZCP xiii 29.11 (: mēis). `seis' cach soḟis sloindit sain, Metr. Gl. 3.13 . séis .i. soifhios .i. fios maith, O'Cl. carais Colmán . . . | filidheacht tre chóir séisi `skilful arrangement', ZCP i 64.82 . is fata ó ṡessib doine ┐ o forcongur na popul he, Todd Lect. vi 42.5 . Ioram dara ēssi | ocht bliadna olca a sessi evil his designs (?), Rawl. 79b8 . a fir, dia téis i mag n-Ái, | sloind-siu dúinn in s.¤ roṡúa, Metr. Dinds. iii 380.2 . incipit do lebur Ferchertne . . . tucait a denma du breith æsa faind ┐ boirb for seis, Auraic. 738 . aibghitear . . . do thabhairt áosa fainn for s.¤ ar eing na ccédughdar ro thaithmhigh í, IGT Introd. § 1.2 . Freq. in Laws Comm. in cóir séis etym. gl. on córus: corus flatha .i. coir seis, seis coir na flatha, Laws iii 18.4 . Cf. 2.4 . im corus nadma . . . .i. im chóir séis im séis choir a nascairechta, O'D. 502 ( H 3.17, col. 405 ).

Applied to some subdivision of the programme of the bardic schools: dlighedh sesa a huraicept na mac sesa ann so. Fo chen mac sesa go séisibh suadh seis. Cia ceird cia s.¤ i rabhae runaibh suadh sin?, Ériu xiii 35.19 f. felmac .i. fel ai ┐ seis, unde dicitur felmac .i. mac sesa ┐ mac uadh .i. aircetal, O'Dav. 880 . file .i. fialsaí .i. sai uadh; ar a[ní is] feal laisin filidh is seis no foircetal isin ngnathbérla; cona de ata fealmac ┐ feallsub ┐ fili ┐ filidhecht, Laws iv 358.4 Comm .

(b) a commentary, an explanatory treatise : [i]sed asperat sési na trachtaire . . ., Hib. Min. 10.345 (`numbers of the commentators'). asberat tra fairind do sesib na trachture, 11.379 . As the title of such a treatise: pairt adbul Ambrosi, | s.¤ Elair col-léri, | andgraib Hironimi, | martarlaic Eusébi `the Sensus of pious Hilary', Fél. Ep. 138 . do Dauíd cen tressi tra | sluinnit seissi senchassa, | fri cethrachait ṁbliadan ṁbalcc | ro ríaglad a ḟollomnacht, SR 6638 . iar seis na nugtar nardaitt, 178 .

(c) rank, order, array, division : doronad a n-orddugud, | . . . | iar sessib, iar suidigthib (of the winds), SR 84 . ishe roṡuidig cach seis, 323 . rofer for séssib Abisolón, 6946 . Of Pharaoh's hosts: mar do shuidigset a sēis | mar nār fācsat nech da n-ēis, | rocroithed dōibh in muir mind | i cenn na slōgh is Forainn, RC xxxvii 347 § 49 . dodheoc[h]atar na slóig co mbatar ina mbuidhnib ┐ ina sesib . . . ar fot na faithchi, CCath. 4441 . seisi sloigh romoir `bands of a mighty host', 5829 . a mná ┐ a senóraigh [i]na mbúidhnibh ┐ 'na sésibh for in tráigh, 2234 . erigh res na sluagaib suas, | trénaig is cruadaigh a s.¤ `strengthen and harden their ranks', Cog. 122.x . od' connairc . . . na séisi sesmacha sonn-cruaide serbraitecha, Celt. Rev. iv 14.14 . s.¤ .i. buidhean, O'Cl.

tráig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tráig or dil.ie/41572
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: trág, trághann, traghannaib

n i, m. and f. IGT Decl. § 41 , § 42 . Also trág, o, m. § 38 ; ā, f. § 39 . g p. trághann, ex. 1128 . d p. traghannaib, CCath. 1375.

I strand, shore: cono tuctáis asin tráig | in mac (Moses), SR 3702 . iar ṅdith for trágaib duba, 8068 . conoisce gne tragha la tes síne, Laws iv 356.12 Comm. mill nemunn fo gabtais ina tráig, i 2.14 Comm. as cach thír trén-ṡeing co t.¤ `from every land to the shore' (=` completely '), Metr. Dinds. iv 94.22 . torad cach thalman co t.¤ , iii 4.39 . hi traig na péne suthaine, LU 2165 . docum in tragha (na, v.l.), CCath. 1433 . asarum ┐ abrotanum .i. liathlus na tragha, ACL i 334.56 . cia san talamh trágh nár tiormuigheadh, DDána 109.11 . do dhearbh gach tráigh um an mBúill mbeann-fholtaigh, 12 . usaide dhúinn dul i dtráigh `easy for us to make the shore,' Aithd. D. 66.15 . ní bhac tráigh a toradh `a shore does not stop (but piles up) its sea-harvest,' PBocht 4.37 . trágh mar na tráighi eile, IGT Decl. ex. 1147 . caladh ... an a raibhe tráidh, Acts xxvii 39 . Frequ. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

II

(a) ebb-tide: for t.¤ maitne, BDD² 717 . rí conic traig is tuile, SR 2538 . in tí gá táit sin uile | idir tráigh ocus tuile, SG 112.13 . go bhfaicinn a tráigh 's a tuile, Measgra D. 42.21 . do bhéir tuile ar dtráigh céadna ... is é do ní tráigh don tuile `He makes ... tide follow ebb ... and makes flood to ebb,' Dán Dé xxxi 13 . moille a t.¤ iná a thuile (of a drinking cup), SG 97.14 . grás Muire ní théid i dtráigh, DDána 22.12 . With copula: in tan as t.¤ for cach tracht, SR 7904 . ro ba traigh in muir `the sea was ebbing,' CCath. 2636 . in tan lan ... in tan is traig, Todd Nenn. 198.4 .

(b) Hence metaph. exhaustion, death , etc. Temair cen taissi cen t.¤ `Temair free from feebleness and faintness,' Metr. Dinds. i 12.75 . With copula: nirbo th.¤ a tor tóebach `there was no exhaustion of her many sided towers,' Metr. Dinds. i 28.9 .

(c) In phr. do-beir/cuirid fo thráig overthrows, subdues : nobristi ar cach slūag | nocurthea fo thrāig, TBC-I¹ 2724 . do-s-rat fo thráig dia troethad (: gráin) 'he overthrew them in subjection', SR (Greene) 6808 .​ rī do-rat fo thrāig (: grāin) cech túaith 'the King subdued every people', SR (Greene) 7429 .

Compds. ¤shruth: traigsruth (sic leg.) Ferchertne (a type of Ogam), Auraic. 6103 . ¤thurcharthach: in leth taobuaine ... tráighturcarach tiar `that along its shore is rich with ocean's teeming wealth,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 22.15 .