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2 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dál or dil.ie/14345
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dálae, dála, dáil, dáil, dála, dálaib, dáil

n ā, f. g s. dálae, dála. a s. dáil. d s. dáil. pl. nom. acc. dála. d p. dálaib.—n s. later dáil.

I

(a) A meeting with (fri): bái oc frithairi na aidchi contuli tráth a dála, IT i 126. 19 . ticc iarum in ingen assa dáil, ib. 11 . ní arnicc Ailill a dáil, ib. 127. 18 . noco dernad ríu mo dál, ib. 224. 20 . Aas and nobidh a dalsom fri Creid, Anecd. i 14. 25 . dál itir Aedh ┐ Cathal, AU i 194. 2 . is truag in dál, TBC-LL¹ 4098 . dursan do dál dédenach, ib. 4036 (but dál, 3512 is probably the vn. of the preceding radáled). dálas dáil, Fianaig. 10. 5 . fil mo dáilse (mo dálsa l. 3 ) fris innocht, Hib. Min. 77. 21 . docein doroacht do dáil, Fianaig. 10 , 11 . inna cóic dáloi a ricfom .i. dál fri cneid dál fri bás dál fri muintir nDé dál fri demno dál fri hesérgi allaithiu brathæ, ZCP iii 455. 2 . atá ar ndal go ríg na roth, ib. vii 304. 12 . druim re deman dál re Dia, ACL iii 306. 10 . dail fria cnes fria caemchichi, LL 179 a 40 . dogén airius dála frib ann, PH 3008 . dál báis a meeting with death (cf. IV): co rosfargbais i ndáil báis, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20. 8 . darsin ndáil i tiagsa .i. dál báis, RC xiii 387 . ria ndul i ndáil báis, MacCongl. 29. 26 ; 81. 11 . conid foichlidhi do cachæn in dal derb ┐ an dal inderb... .i. dail bais, Ériu v 120. 1 . dál éco ( = W. dadyl angheu) id. dochta do neoch dálas dáil facbas dáil néco fri láim, Fianaig. 10. 5 . Cf. da ttecmadh éc dála dam is ar méd grádha Gaoidheal, Reeves Ad. 288. 3 . Without qualifier: hi llaithiu dāla, Rawl. B 502 124 b 55 = ina ló dála, Fing. R. 261 . dál fo demi, v. 1 deime below.

(b) a hostile meeting, an encounter: tiagam issin dail sea do chosnam ind ḟir sea, TBC-LL¹ 3258 . techt i ndáil ailt Ulad is dal dia mbia pudar, ib. 3271 . ratfíat láich rat láma noco raga ar dála, ib. 3053 . dian a buille dond a dál, Metr. Dinds. ii 16. 4 . ... in debhaid dál adcíu, ACL iii 297. 1 (cf. bág atchíu, 294. 19 ), cf. 297. 7 . cia robói do dál ri nech robí do dál dedenach, TFerbe 453 . meni thæth...lemsa man dailse, CRR 8. 14 . gair ri dogur dál ri dimbuaid, ib. 44. 22 . LL 195 a 39 , 43 . ropsat liri a ndála ropsat láma trena, ib. 46 a 19 . gan dáil gan glíaid ZCP viii 229 st 7 . dáil glecach gonach, Cog. 158. 4 . dál díbeirge, Lec. 353 b 24 . druideamaoid na choinne san dáil, Oss. i 128. 3 . is nach cuibhe dhuit gan seasamh le Daolchiabh a ndáil, ib. iv 154. 28 . dob iomdha buille ┐ béim san dáil, Stowe-MS F iv a, p. 78. 6 . gur bhain lena chloidhiomh san treas deich ndála asa chorp caoindheas, ib. 9 . dál-ingabáil avoiding of battle MR 294. 17 .

prep do dáil towards, against : ná toraig dot dáil in bé thondgel, LL 147 a 6 . eirc...┐ finnta latt cid thacras Déicc diar ndáil, PH 1042 .

prep i ndáil n- (acc.) towards (cf. i comdáil n-, i coinne): co ti a ndrong im dhail sea, Gorm. Aug. 19 . totáisiu imbarach im dailsi, IT i 126. 17 (cf. l. 2 ). do fóidiudsiu im dailse, ib. 126. 25 . cía so thú dodeochaid im dáil, 127. 20 . dul it dail, 128. 1 . tinóilid a slóghu libh im dáil-si. CCath. 1358 . intan ba mithigh do dul ina dáil, IT 126. 6 . luid ina dailseom, 126. 20 (cf. l. 7 ). tráth a dála totaet Étáin ina dáil , 127. 16 . tic ina dáil, 127. 2 . ní bá rí noco tí nar ndáil, LU 119 b 11 . ní thíset nar ndáil, LL 308 b 1 . is mochergech in læch radáil nar ṅdáil, TBC-LL¹ 3296 . in fer thic it dail, ib. 3075 . techt i ndáil, ib. 3270 . tancatar...i ndáil in chatha to the battle TTr. 1841 . tair im dáil, Ériu v 223. 69 . rachaid misi a ndáil éga, Anecd. i 39. 17 . gan ergi ina dail, Fen. 234. 14 . Danuib ria [n]dess sair na dail (sc. the river Don), Rawl. 78 b 19 . tuic inní atá id dál, SG i 18. 40 . dul i ndail chuirp Christ, PH 5340 . ní doilge leiss dul na dáil andás i ndáil cech bíid chena, ib. 5348 . manip amlaid tiasum i ndáil na hédparta mori se, ib. 5349 . ar eagla feirge chur na ndáil, Oss. iii 282. 7 . rochuimhnigheas ar theacht am dháil, ib. 248. 11 . an dís úd ag teacht na ndáil, iv 96. 2 ; 254. 2 . asa dtigeadh nach iad na dháil, 126. 12 . tionól do bhuidhean ad dháil, 68. 2 . ag triall na dháil, 250. 7 .— triallaidh im dháilse na huile ṡanntuigheas me, TSh. 52. 7 (similarly 245. 18 ). tiocfad id dháil, ib. 4. 34 ; 74. 13 . fógair dhain teacht id dháil arna huisgib, 60. 24 . ag teacht na dháil, 66. 35 ; cf. 248. 21 . rachad i ndáil mathar féin, 244. 17 . gurab gan ḟios tiocfas i ndáil an duine, 74. 12 ; 74. 14 ; cf. 90. 7 , 192. 29 , 206. 2 , 244. 17 .

prep i ndáil (dat.) near, along with (cf. II), cf. i comdáil. Mod. i ndáil le near, Aran and W. Conn. ( GJ xxxii 128 ); in mod. MSS sometimes a ná le. im dhail ad dirim, Gorm. March 22 . Petar Subhne Seuer...co deghmin nar ndailne, ib. Jan. 11 . Perpetuus Cathub...nar ndailne, ib. Apr. 8 . sciath rígh Teabhtha seo na dáil together with it ZCP viii. 227 . im dáil: Fionn san ḟiann gan stad am dháil, Oss. iii 290. 16 . dá mairfeadh Conán am dháil, iv 22. 27 ( am chomhdháil, vi 14. 22 ). iv 80. 3 . it dáil: an bhfuil Fionn san ḟiann ad dháil, iii 248. 27 . ó tá truagh as taise ad dháil, iii 274. 27 . beidh ad dháil Aodh Beag, iv 74. 3 ; vi 26. 15 . (in)na dáil: rochuir chugam an tṡáith aráin as deoch na dháil and a drink together with it iii 278. 24 . is leor do ṡeanoir an phian mar atá as gan tuilleadh na dáil without adding to it iii 286. 3 . dothriall annsúd aran bhféinn Oscur as Aodh na dháil, iv 82. 18 . gan sluagh ná tóir na dháil, iv 120. 3 . ní iarann (sc. Dia) tóir catha go deó na dháil, iv 122. 22 . (in)nár ndáil: san ḟiann uile nár ndáil go dlúth, vi 10. 2 . dḟág sinn uile faoi gheasaibh na dtuile nár ndáil, vi 48. 10 . (in)na ndáil: gan teirce a bhfonn na ndáil, iv 140. 36 .

prep imm dáil n- around, near, along with: beit mom dáil cen dimbaig Cionia chaid, Gorm. Apr. 3 . beit móm dáil in dremsa, ib. Apr. 27 .

prep ó dáil away from: an ḟiann óm dháil ar cheal the fiann being gone from me Oss. iii 276. 2 .

II A meeting, conference, assembly, convention; a legal meeting, court . Often connected with 1 airecht, comthinól, 1 oenach, terchomrac, tochomrac. For -dál as a collective suffix see ban-dál. dál .i. airecht ut est robbé uas bar ndálaib ( = Fél. Ep. 63 ), O'Dav. 644 . dál as chomtig fri dáma, Thes. ii 329. 1 . Frequent in the Laws: caite dail? ní adgelltar .i. in leth ingellus neach dul ┐ muna dech biaid smacht urcraidi dala uad ... mada ndech noco nuil smacht urcraidi dala uad, Laws iii 330. 1 . fuírech i ndail i mbi ri, ii 128. 19 . do les dala nó airechta, ii 214. 17 . teora tomaltu ata córai do ríg fora tuaitha oenach ┐ dal do cundrech ┐ tocomrac do chrich, iv 332. 17 . co dail críchi búi la tri cenéla saera a territorial meeting i 78. 17 . athgabáil dechmaide fil...im cach ndail críche, i 192. 11 . im lot do aibinne .i. do suide dala thy convention seat i 170. 15 (cf. dál-ṡuide below). má teccmai líth laithe nó dail no thochomracc tuaithe, v 396. 21 (gl. l. 25 : dail .i. oenaigh). fri gell fri dail fri dígail, ii 268. 16 . bla dúnad dal, iii 240. 22 (cf. is immi conéirgitis fri dala ┐ dúnada RC xiii 373. 4 ). dal .i. in dal ima comtinoilter ann, Laws 25 Comm. . timtach fir is gnáth a ndáil, v 238. 19 ( .i. a ndail aonaig, ib. 242. 17 Comm. ). iar tiachtain dóib don dail ropritchad soscéla Críst dóib, i 14. 15 .— is fairsing a ṅdálsom, Fél. Oct. 28 . attecham na hóga doairset ar ṅdála, ib. Sept. 20 . robrúithea i ndálaib, ib. Prol. 33 . it ruama co ndálaib co cétaib co mílib, ib. 211 . noddlomaim fíad dálaib before assemblies, i.e. openly ib. 133 . robbe uas bar ṅdálaib, ib. Ep. 63 . addreset na degḟir...mor ndalaib, Gorm. Apr. 22 . is iatso ríg bátar isin dail sin, IT i 212. 26 . rohordaigeadh smachta ┐ rechta ┐ dligheadha... isin dail sin, ib. iii 198. 22 . Feis Temrach...┐ fir nÉrenn isin dail sin uili, ib. 198. 25 . nach dal ┐ nach oirecht con-rísar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210. 5 . terchomrac dagdaoine dala menci, Tec. Corm. 3 . fá ma nadhmolad fiad righaibh isnaib dálaib, ACL iii 294. 4 . ó dosnectar ina ndalaib, ib. 298. 3 , cf. ib. 294. 24 . is ferr (var. lect. maith) cech dal dia tic síd, LL 147 b 26 . (fir Hérend) i noenbaile ┐ i noendáil ┐ i noentochim, TBC-LL¹ 820 . intan nothéigmis don dáil, Festschr. Stokes 3. 12 . i ndálaib ┐ airechtaib ┐ i comthinoltaib læch ┐ clérech, FA 31 . isé dano (forcetul) nopridchad i mmórdáil fer nÉrend, ib. 32 . Ériu co nimad ndála (g s. or of 4 dál RC xxxvii 14 ) FDG 532 . dochumm na dála, Three Hom. 60. 14 . boi dail (sic) mor la Bretnu...luidsom don dail, Lism. L. 48. 3 . ocht neascoib deg ar tri cetaib isin dail sin, MacCarthy 284. 19 . egnaidh Insi Fáil do díth a dáil nGaeidheal, AFM ii 602. 12 . cen luige do thabairt fo dáil ar domun, PH 2684 . amal dogniat inna brécaire i ndálaib ┐ i ndairechtaib, ib. 5947 (cf. 6055 ).

aes dála advocates : mná nád éta urlabra .i. ná fuair aes dala, Laws v 252. 26 .

dál brátho, in dál mór the last judgment : bid mou a onóir i ndail bratha, PH 1601 . is imalle ticfat i ndáil brátha, ib. 1652 . co nérius fén...i mórdáil lai brátha, ib. 3444 . bidat marthanaig...co mórdáil bratha, FA 6 . co tí in dál már, ACL iii 313. 17 .

III A law-case, a cause, case; a dispute, controversy (W. dadl debate, dispute): dal .i. caingin ut est dal dia ngetar a mbrugh .i. is caingin dia ngetar, O'Dav. 586 . ó bus tar muir ticfa dacra a dala a roga brethemon i nÉirinn dó, Laws i 6 22 . isé is fiadh naise imna dálaib ima fuiglither he is witness in the cases which are decided H 3. 17, O'D. 580 . aes dála advocates , see II. dala ile fri aes cerd, RC xxvi 40. 1 . is amnus dam beith isin dail sin itir dia ┐ duine, Laws i 6. 25 . imodcuiri fein it [d]alaibh act for thyself in thy causes IT iii 200. 29 . is mór nodcuiri ┐ nodgabai féin id dhalaib, ib. 201. 1 . nír bo chucumsa robo chóir dál inna caurath sin do thabairt, FB 56 . bretha córa for cach dáil ised dlegair do cach ríg, Rawl. 158. 9 . gan dáil gan gliaid gan gaisgead, ZCP viii 229 . na tagra a dáil co fergach, ZCP vi 271. 24 . dál do gleod to settle a controversy, decide. bid aingcess la hUltu in dal so do gleod FB 16 . ní gleter dála lasna Déisi acht ind aidchi, Trip. 208. 23 . noglédís dála, Leb. Cert. 6 . ar ndemnigud a ndála ┐ ar cinniud a caratraid, TTr. 1764 . court : cuisnit .i. cosnait .i. cosnam dala no cos na dála forsa nairisethair in dálaige, Corm. s.v. cuisnit .

IV

(a) A judgment, decree, sentence, award, ordinance, law , decision ( legid dam-sa ar dail, Fen. 182.8 . ná bi ic hildalaib, SR 1698 . Cf. is mor dogni d'imrateib, 1694) : dáil .i. dlighedh. gach uile dail tobhaigh is maortigherna, H 3.17 , p. 167 . ni techtat for dail is for dail a ndligid ( .i. is for dail na haili ata doib ani dlegait, 146. 11 ), Laws i 144. 22 . Similarly 146. 10 . dál Dé, SR 3891 . do ḟochmarc a dhála imon caingin sin, IT iii 200. 27 . ná rop guach do dál, LL 148 a 30 (= KMMisc. 260 st 6 ). ná rop dál co nattail, ib. 147 a 53 . conid sí dál forsṅdesid, ib. 163 a 45 . iar ndáil dligid, ib. 163 b 2 (= Todd Lect. vii 4. 28 ). ma daime dáil ṅdligid dún, ib. 209 a 53 . corbom etal risin dáil, ib. 374 c 19 . roptis fíra mo dála, ib. 307 b 28 . ní theilgset dáil ná dliged, 10 b 18 . rachunig ba fír in dál: a ainm arin cnocc comlán, Metr. Dinds. ii 72. 11 . meni digius guigfitir dala fer ┐ fírfaitir briathra ban, TBC-LL¹ 560 . in dáil adcluine así in cóir, Acall. 599 . da tísadh fo breith dála, ib. 2384 . is ann cachain in dail nasdadha do Gaidelaib, RC xii 116 . fuirech re dál rígh nime, ZCP vii 301 . mesrugud for dalaib Dé ní tarda nech for bith cé, ib. vii 307. 12 . i tucsin dála na ndéi ┐ derritiusa nimi robui sen, CCath. 998 . in cogar dorigneabair léigid damsa ar dáil, Fen. 182. 8 .—Prov. ferr dála ina deabaid, ZCP vi 260. 18 . dál báis sentence of death (cf. I above). tucsat dal (dail LL 299 b 45 ) báis ( dáil mbáis, CS 26. 10 ) forsin ríg, LU 118 b 35 ( Trip. 566. 25 ). tucsat na dúle dáil báis do Loegaire, LL 299 b 40 .—Here also: dal a talione .i. o eruic ...dal didiu arindi asrenar do cach iarna ngním, O'Mulc. 291 .

(b) an agreement, a contract, covenant; espousals; betrothal: dála gl. ceart daingin orra, Eg. Gl. 243 . dála .i. mionna, O'Cl. naidm a cor ┐ a ndála, TBC-LL¹ 2249 (YBL). dúle Dé darstánic dáil, Bor. 40 . dosgní didiu Concobur a dail (betrothal) le Subaltaine, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43 § 6 . na deun banais iar ndáil o thús corghais go mioncháisg, Donlevy 116. 14 (with solemnity Donl.; with solemnity or public proclamation, as of marriage Dinneen s.v. dáil ; with this meaning still in use in Donegal).—Cf. athair dála he that delivers the bride or bridegroom to be married P. O'C. , the bridegroom's man O'Br. dáil statute, treaty, contract, covenant, alliance P. O'C.

V (a) A case, matter, affair, state, condition, circumstance : in dail eile fores é a leth acobar a geill aga fuasluga, Laws i 282. 27 . rofitir Ádam a dáil, SR 2029 . ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic, FB 58 . inniss dam gach dal ret leass co nderntar lim do leges, IT i 123. 16 . dal bróin is milti do Moen, LL 33 a 32 . sírechtach dál in bith cé, Ériu v 211. 5 . scarad friu bid dál éicne, ib. 210. 1 . ingnad dal (cheville) RC xiii 74. 3 . dál cen séna (chev.), ACL iii 295. 15 . dál arcanai (cf. mod arcanai, 298. 5 ), ib. 297. 11 . dál nad bine, ib. 15 . is dál deimin, ib. 28 . conad hé a saebforcetul sin fodera dósum dúscad cacha drochdála MR 166. 23 . innsaigeas hua Ainmirech im dáil nach dlig, ib. 158. 6 . ór thaitnid frim do dhála the manner of thee (O'Gr.), Acall. 645 . rob olc a ndála ┐ robuaildis mná, Anecd. i 46. 16 (D). in dails[e] ga trialltar lib, Fen. 350. 17 . uair is minic fásus irchóit desnadudh ┐ dimḟuirech na ndál nurlumh dogrés from delaying and procrastinating things always prepared CCath. 551 . do rédugad ┐ dordugad dhál eglasdacdha, ALC i 262. 29 . ná len don dáil fora tái do not persist in the course you are pursuing Aen. 580 . iar ccríochnucchadh a dhál ndoṁanda don iarla having settled his worldly affairs AFM vi 2234. 30 . iar ccor dal niomdha na leith having brought many other charges against him ib. 2142. 21 . gan dáil a rochtain for ccúlaibh without knowing whether they should ever return ib. 2358 , cf. mar nách biadh dáil imthechta aca, Celt. Rev. iv 206 . dobeir (cuirid) for dáil mbicc he makes little account of: doradsom for dáil mbicc ┐ for neiṁní fuighle na nuasal AFM vi 2124. 25 . rogabsom for neiṁsnim do denam de ┐ ica chur for dail mbicc ┐ for neimfni to treat it as a small matter CCath. 5014 . — tuc a ḟis lat gach dál fora mbiat, Marco P. 97 . iseadh is dáil dona mnáib this is the way with women Keat. ii 5323 . an fíreolas atá aga seanchadhaibh ar dhálaibh a sean, ib. i 104. 12 . dáil na foirne áitigheas í (sc. in críoch), ib. i 2. 4 . da madh linn gach ní ar domhan...folamh ár ndáil fa dheireadh, TSh. 167. 8 . do bhrígh gurab ionann bhur ndál, 105. 14 . ní thuigid ...gurab ionann dál don duine ┐ don ghort bheantar, 73. 24 ; similarly 4. 7 ; 4. 15 ; 7. 21 ; 21. 32 ; 65. 14 . dáil an pheacaidh, ib. 260. 8 . is iontuigthe gurab saobh an dáil don druing, 130. 11 . nó fós dáil na speile ag buain an ḟeoir, 73. 26 . ni hiongnadh an cholann do bheith tréith ré méid a duaidh ┐ a doghrainge óna dálaibh sin for these reasons 82. 24 . is minic ṁothuighmid duadh na dála sin ag buain rinn féin, 84. 18 . don druing rér bhean dochar na dála so, 152. 5 . gan anacal air ná dáil chabhra na chionn, 31. 25 . ionnus nach bí dáil chabhra na chionn, 254. 28 . dál nóentuma lot of virginity Metr. Dinds. ii 58. 12 . Probably here: intan rosiacht cusna dála dédenchu do when his last hour had come PH 6602 (but cf. deden-dal the last tryst); cf. s.v. déidenach, dídenach. Personified: slán riot a Ḟinn...slán riot a ṡárdháil na gcríoch, Oss. iii 256. 7 .

don dáil sin by this occurrence, on that account ML 8. 28 .

ó nach dáil innach dáil in any way: is nemphní ┐ is nemada lind tregdad in talman ó n.d. (o nach nd. R), Alex. 859 . ní chuindig nech fortacht o [a]raile innach dail (o nach mudh R), Alex. 845 . i ndeired na dála at the end, finally , a common modern idiom. Trí Préach. 7 . Páidín 15. 22 .

(b) circumstance, event, adventure, course, story : tánac dia innisin duitsiu mo dala chucutsu siar, LU 41 a 1 . is fuilled nága dála in da ingen, LL 297 b 3 . admaim ar in rechtaire a dhala in chlaidib the story of the sword IT iii 201. 28 . oca iarfaigid cindus douicemni dála geni Críst, LB 139 a 8 . Crístt mac Muire mó gach dáil (d sg.) ZCP vii 303. 19 . roinnis Fionn dóib dáil an echtra sin, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 206 .

prep fo dáil, fo dála as regards, concerning : rochuir techta uadha go Cormac fo dháil na corma, ITS vii 61. 33 . fáitsine do dénam don ríg fo dala a ingeni, ML 154. 11 .

prep im dáil, im dála: dochuatar i comairle im dáil Stephain LB 229 b 7 . innis daṁ an ḟírinne um dáil an ṁacaoiṁ ITS v 164. 6 . nimdana...imma dala mo degríg, SR 2070 . is de bói in comthinól sin occo im dála na creitmi, LU 117 b 23 . nuchumtha ní rádim de im dala mic Deichtire, TBC-LL¹ 801 , 1484 . gnísit comuirle im dalai and óglaich, RC xii 80. 9 . um dala reatha na gréne, ib. xiv 365 . dorala do Andromacha aslinge dúaigh do ascain im dala a fir, TTr.² 1128 . mina abarthi fír frium im dála in chroind roḟalchubar, LB 232 a 22 . ata ingantus...acainde imat dalasu cindus rucad tu asin carcair, ib. 224 a 58 . indisidh in scél cétna im dála in claidib, IT iii 201. 30 . asin libar rosscríb imm dála na caingene fuil acaib, PH 21 . amal roscrib...imm dalai paisi ┐ césta himáigine Crist, ib. 28 . inní rofaillsig Dia dam im dála chuirp Stepháin, ib. 1487 .

Often only dála: dala immorro Eochada, IT i 122. 11 (= TE 8 , Eg.). dála na dá bhanchaointe, TBC-LL¹ p. 879 n. dála Ḟinn dobhér sgeula ós árd, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 66 . dála an abbadh, TSh. 140. 1 . dála ríogh na Sorcha, ITS x 82. 5 ; 110. 8 , cf. ib. 76. 30 ; 84. 11 ; 88. 1 ; 92. 15 ; 114. 21 ; 170. 28 . Keat. ii 47 , 253 , 363 , 1262 , 3098 , 6071 , &c.

do dálaib: bae in rí fo glámaib gné: do dálaib a aislingthe, SR 3278 . do dalaib ind escra sin, ib. 3580 , is derb ní tuilter do de: do dálaib na comrainne, LL 14 b 14 (= do dhaltaib, BB 42 a 26 ).

VI Astrol. a conjunction : dail go soirb re seachtmad, MS. Mat. 72 .

PERS. Gilla na nóg mac Dál-re-dochair, ALC 1281 . LOC.: Cnoc na Dála, Dinds. 132 . Cnoc Dála, Sliab Dála, P. O'C.

COMPS. generally = meeting, assembly .

(a) attáil another meeting, another decision, ban-dál, dam-dál, deden-dál, deg-dál, dóer-dál, droch-dál, écen-dál, gó-dál, grían-dál, min-dál, mór-dál, olc-dál, ríg-dál, ro-dál, tiug-dál;

(b) dál-luc, dál-ṡuide, dál-tech, q.v.—MOD. dáil, g s. dála. i ndáil towards. dála as regards. dálta, dáltha mar just as.

finnta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. finnta or dil.ie/22163

(late vb. necess. of -finn—, -fitir): IGT III § 20 .

ro-finnadar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ro-finnadar or dil.ie/35431
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fo-retar, rud-finnadar, rofinnathar, finnatar, finta, fintai, finna, finnad, finnamár, findamar, findam, finnaid, finnatar, findat, fessur, fíasur, ḟessarur-sa, rofésser, rofessir, confeser, confeiser, fesser, fesara, con-festar, festar, rofessadar, fessara, fiastar, fiastar, fiasara, rufessin, n[i]confessin, fessaind, rofesta-su, festa-su, raḟesed, ro-das-fessad, rofessad, nin-fessed, fesed, rofesmais, fesmais, rufeste, festais, rofessur-sa, essur, rufiastar, fiastar, rofestar, rofessammar, rofessid, rofessatar, rofetar, rafetar, fetar-sa, fetor-sa, etar-sa, ḟetur, do-fetar, fetar, fetar-su, fetar, fetar-su, fetura-sa, rofitir, ro-ind-fiteir, fitir, rofitemmar, -fitemmar, rofetamar, rafetammár, -fetammar, -fetammár, rofitid, rafitid-si, rofitis, rofitetar, -fitetar, rafetatar, -fetatar, etetár, rafetar, -fintar, rofinnatar, rufessar, fessar, rofestar, festur, co festar, festa, fessta, rofess, rofes, fess, rofessa, fessa, fessa, fissi, fis, -finnub-sa, fhindub-sa, -findfam, [ḟ]indfaind-sa, findfad, fo-r-indfad, find, fhinnsat, finnachtain, finnad, -fetar, fetrais, Rofetar, fetadur, ḟedarais, rofhetabar, rosfetabair, rofhitirset, -fhitirset, fesbaide, fesfaide, Rofinnadar, finnaid, rofind, Rofess, fetamar, eadamar

v (Mid.Ir. finnaid) finds out, discovers . In O.Ir. a depon.; three different stems are used in conjugation: (1) finn- `discover', in imper., indic. pres. and imperf. (2) fes(s)-, fias- in subj., fut. and cond., also pass. pret. and gerundive. (3) fit-, fet- in pret. act. with force of pres. `know'. For -fitir see ZCP xv 204 ; Norsk tidsskrift for Sprogvidenskap iv 426 ; Indogermanische Forschungen xxxix 220 . For the form fo-retar see Ériu xii 222 ; for forms without ro- in answering a question see ibid. 219 .

O.Ir. and early Mid.Ir. forms: pres. 3 s. rud-finnadar, Ml. 46c24 . rofinnathar, LL 152b7 (= rofinnadar, Metr. Dinds. iii 448.107 ). 3 pl. nad finnatar , Ml. 99b10 . imp. 2 s. finta, LL 251a18 . TBC-LL¹ 199 , 649 . fintai, LU 7572 ( BDD 110 ). finna, LU 5400 . 3 s. finnad, Wb. 29a17 . SR 1691 . 1 pl. finnamár, LU 9212 ( FB 94 ). findamar, Ériu ii 102.1 . findam, TBC-I¹ 2361 . 2 pl. finnaid, LU 4750 . TBC-LL¹ 728 . 3 pl. finnatar, LU 3476 ( SCC 25 ). findat, ZCP v 23.27 . subj. pres. 1 s. co fessur , SR 2883 . TBC-LL¹ 1399 . acht co fíasur , LU 3373 ( SCC 16 ). Cf. cia bo ḟessarur-sa (sic), LB 68b2 ( PH 5911 ). 2 s. rofésser, Fél. Feb. 4 ; dian fésser, Oct. 24 (: crésen, créssen). rofessir, Laws iv 340.3 . confeser, Wb. 29a22 . confeiser, Sg. 209b30 . co fesser , SR 1327 , 6113 . co fesara , PH 1813 , 6645 . 3 s. con-festar, Wb. 12c38 . 28d11 . Ml. 51b10 . arin festar , LU 3509 ( SCC 27 ). rofessadar, Rawl. 80b26 ( ZCP iii 24.2 ). dia fessara , LL 285b49 ( KMMisc. 208.12 ). nad fiastar , Wb. 22d3 , is a fut. form, cf. na fiastar , Laws v 462.18 , and: nach fiasara , Leb. Cert. 234.22 . subj. impf. 1 s. rufessin, Ml. 59b1 . n[i]confessin, 117d4 . dia fessaind , TBC-LL¹ 932 . 2 s. rofesta-su, Wb. 10a10 . dia festa-su , CRR 4 ( LL 171a37 ). 3 s. raḟesed, Sg. 148a6 . ro-das-fessad, SR 562 (: meth). rofessad, TBC-LL¹ 1766 . amal nin-fessed , Wb. 16a2 . cini fesed , Thes. i 3.39 . 1 pl. rofesmais, LU 6760 ( BDD 28 ). co fesmais , 7069 ( BDD 73 ). 2 pl. rufeste, Wb. 9c8 . 3 pl. co festais , LU 1833 . TBC-LL¹ 62 . fut. 1 s. rofessur-sa, Wb. 9a21 . ro essur , IT ii1 179.157 . 3 s. rufiastar, Ml. 111c13 . ni fiastar , Wb. 12d18 . rofestar, 12d27 . 1 pl. rofessammar, SR 1265 . 2 pl. rofessid, Wb. 7d6 . 3 pl. rofessatar, Ml. 69b1 . pret. pres. 1 s. rofetar, Wb. 16d7 . LU 1285 . rafetar, TBC-LL¹ 60 . ni fetar-sa , Wb. 28c10 . ni fetor-sa , Thes. ii 241.10 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). nad etar-sa , LL 265b35 ( MU 26.26 ). nochon ḟetur , LU 4761 . do-fetar, Anecd. v 2.11 . fetar (in reply), Ériu xii 219 . 2 s. in fetar-su , IT ii1 179.156 . nad fetar , TBC-LL¹ 930 . nach fetar-su , PH 1374 . nach fetura-sa , 719 ? 1 s.). 3 s. rofitir, Wb. 24d5 . SR 2029 . amal rundfitir, Ml. 140c10 . lasse ro-ind-fiteir , ZCP vii 481.27 ( Enchir. Aug. 74b ). ni fitir , Wb. 26d14 . 1 pl. rofitemmar, Wb. 6c16 . 12c5 . 14b19 . -fitemmar, 12c6 . 16a29 . Sg. 32b5 . rofetamar, Trip. 42.11 . LU 5650 . TBC-LL¹ 1235 . rafetammár, LU 4973 . -fetammar, Ml. 37a10 . TBC-LL¹ 8 . -fetammár, LU 1779 . 2 pl. rofitid, Wb. 7d6 . rafitid-si, 18b9 . rofitis, 6a18 . 14c12 . (= rofitid-si). 3 pl. rofitetar, 23b12 . -fitetar, 27a11 . Ml. 95a12 . rafetatar, 54b14 . -fetatar, 96b2 . Cf. ni etetár , Wb. 21d1 . rafetar, 28c12 . Pass. pres. s. -fintar, Sg. 200b13 . Ml. 30a3 . pl. rofinnatar, Wb. 29a28 , 30 . subj pres. s. rufessar, Ml. 24d17 . dia fessar , 24d14 . Mid.Ir. rofestar, SM Facs. 33a1 ( Laws ii 272.12 ). cu festur , Laws ii 6.29 Comm. co festar, PH 7645 . subj. impf. con festa , Sg. 26b8 . co fessta , IT i 118.10 . pret. pres. s. rofess, Wb. 23b9 . rofes, Ml. 80b11 . nad fess , 80b10 (see also 1 fes(s)). pl. rofessa, Lib. Hymn. i 38.34 . nach fessa , 33 . ní fessa , Fél. Prol. 76 . part. necess. fissi, Thes. ii 308.18 . Vn. fis (O.Ir. fius) q.v.

In Mid.Ir. the vb. undergoes a twofold development:

(1) finn- ` find out ' develops subj., fut. and pret. forms act. and pass.: fut. 1 s. -finnub-sa, TBC-LL¹ 5759 . ni fhindub-sa , PH 2017 . 1 pl. -findfam, LL 268b39 ( MU 44.27 ). cond. 1 s. no [ḟ]indfaind-sa , PH 20 . 3 s. na findfad , 2012 . Cf. fo-r-indfad, LL 264a18 , 19 ( MU 16.9 , 11 ). ? pret. 3 s. ro find , BB 16b20 . 3 pl. niro fhinnsat , Marco P. 60 . vn. finnachtain, finnad.

(2) The subj. and fut. forms with fes- survive and are associated with the pret. in the sense ` know '. In pret. pres. 1 s. -fetar continues in use down to modern times, but analogous forms are used in other persons: in fetrais . . .? Rofetar ┐ ro fetadur fir Eirenn, Acall. 7608 , 7610 . ma do ḟedarais (2 s.), TBC-LL¹ p. 221 n. 2 . rofhetabar (2 pl.), PH 1710 . rosfetabair, Metr. Dinds. iii 280.54 . rofhitirset, Fl. Earls 10.22 . -fhitirset, 62.21 . 114.16 . fesbaide, LL 195a25 = fesfaide, Metr. Dinds. iii 118. 105 , is a spurious fut. form (2 pl.).

A. Rofinnadar, finnaid.

(a) finds out, discovers, learns = Lat. cognoscit, often implying effort or investigation, esp. in imper.; folld. by acc., dependent question or clause with or without conj. In Glosses the pres. finn-, is used with force of a consuetudinal pres. or in general statements, Thurn. ZCP v 19 . In older texts the subj. and fut. forms in fes- are used in above sense. in línn rofitir a peccad finnad a ccúrsagad let as many as know their sins [come to] know their reprimanding , Wb. 29a17 . biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecthe rosíu docói grád forru whose sins are found out , 29a28 . ni taibri grád for nech confeser a inrucus, ib. 22 . mad ail duit co fesser olcc if thou wouldst learn what evil is , SR 1327 . ārim cech sluaig . . . ni fail nech rodasfessed who could find it out , 562 . ara feiser cenn rig for aithech that thou mayest be able to tell (when) a king's head (is) on a plebeian , Laws iii 106.4 . ragat acht co fiasur in n-airm atá provided I can find out where she is , SCC 16 . dia fessmais indni not-fóirfed, foghébta linn, IT i 122.21 . ro-finnathar a mathair-som inní sein discovers , ZCP viii 311.2 . ni fetar, olsi, cid dernad de. Finta-su em, ol A. find out! LL 251a18 ( TBFr. 295 ). finta-ssu dún in tecam fo nā tecam, TBC-LL¹ 199 . ar co festa-su damsa cia airm, etc., 1728 . findtae dun coich in choland find out for us whose body it is , Corm. Y 1018 . finna dam indiu Meidb ┐ Fergus (= keep an eye on M. & F. for me), LU 5400 . finta lat in mór in marbad, RC xiii 84.23 . finnta lat cid thacras Déicc, PH 1041 . fionnta libh cia doroine, etc., BNnÉ 34.29 . a ēigsi . . . in findtai nō in feadabair | cidh ma tugsat can you find out or do you know , BB 42b48 = in fagbaid no in fetabair, LL 211a39 . findamar uait do ainm let us hear your name , Ériu ii 102.1 . fionnam uait mar do íocais, TD 14.8 .

(b) the sense ` find out ' is not distinct from that of `knows' in forms with fes-: amal ninfessed cách as though no one knew us (gl. ignoti), Wb. 16a2 . can rufesta-su íccfe in mnái (= unde scis), 10a10 . ni ḟetar . . . dia fessaind conbeind na fatchius if I had known , TBC-LL¹ 932 . ni fili nad fiastar sé hernaili déc na filidechta he is no poet who does not know , ZCP vi 262.23 . dá bhfeasadh . . . cá huair do thiocfadh, TSh. 2244 (= si sciret, Matthew xxiv 43 ).

(c) hence the development of new forms from finn- in the sense ` find out ': cacha finnub-sa de . . . innisfithir duit-siu, TBC-LL¹ 5759 . finnubh . . . an crích bús fhearr dhibh, RC xliii 64 § 64 . ná lí do mhnái co finnair do not accuse your wife until you find out (her guilt) , Acall. 582 . doberthar chucom-so nech rodfinnfa do ghalur (= who will diagnose), IT i 122.3 . cia forindfad dún ca crích ina fuilem?, LL 264a18 ( MU 16.9 ). tri focuil for braich . . . co finntar a blas, Laws ii 242.12 .

(a) pret. pres. knows (gen. in sense of Lat. scire = is aware of, seldom is acquainted with): is becc rofitemmar-ni i rrúnaib Dǽe, Wb. 12c5 . is moo rofhitir Dia rúine na ṅdoine andaas rofhetatar fén, PH 5126 . rofhetar-sa at aiprisce na doíne, 1425 . in fetar cid ruc . . .? Nicon fetar dost thou know . . .? I know not , IT ii1 178.135 . in fetair-seo cia fath . . .? Nād edar-sa, TBC-I¹ 2222 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 2987 , 4251 . fer ná fetar claind no cenel dó of whom I know not his family nor his race , IT i 127.30 . ní ḟedabair an lá no an uair, RC xxv 388.18 .

(b) with force of pret. knew (common in Mid.Ir., esp. in 3d pers.): nachatfedir . . . atc[h]uitig fa thri he swore thrice that he knew thee not , ZCP x 47.13 . ni fhetar olc remisin I knew not evil until then , LB 111a42 ( MacCarthy 56.1 ), cf. SR 1335 . raḟitir co taetsad, TBC-LL¹ 3720 . ní fidir cuin doricfad a les, Ériu iii 154.13 .

(c) the pret. rofind is occas. similarly used: Findia .i. nech do ḟind Dia, Fél.² cxlvii ( Sep. 28 ). nír fhinnsad nār iad sloigh na criche, Marco P. 150 . nir fhionnsat cia cúil . . . iona rabhsad na curpa, BNnÉ 184.22 . ro find [Pátraic] combad si [Ard Macha] budh cenn . . . d'eccailsibh Erenn, AFM i 142.12 .

C. Rofess

(a) is known (perf. pres.): rofess i taig cáich, Wb. 23b9 . rocluinter in fogur ┐ ni fess cia rāide, IT i 144.11 . innahi nach fessa . . . na hi rofessa (= quae latent . . . quae leguntur), Lib. Hymn. i 38.33 , 34 .

(b) with force of pret. was known : is ed durumenatar-som nad fess in gním they thought the deed was not known , Ml. 80b10 . ba ceist mór la hUltu náconfes céle for a selb that she was not known to have a husband , IT i 139.10 . rofes o Día do Senán andí-sin that was (made) known to S. , ZCP iii 222.8 . Common in parenthesis or cheville: corbat rí rofes i ndiaid Cormaic, LL 147a17 ( PRIA iii 548 ). ropo derg th'ḟaebur, rofess, | i mBeluch, RC xx 11 § 12 . The neg. ní fess was later analysed as noun with cop., see 1 fes(s).

D. Idiomatic uses:

(a) with AR (FOR) of pers. finds out (knows) against (to the discredit of): cor . . . ara findtar a saithed whose fraud is discovered , Laws iii 6.19 . elodhuch ar a finnathar one found out to be a fugitive , 60.1 . ná fionnadh a hathair fuirre that her father might not find out (her guilt) , TFrag. 30.2 . rofes forsin fher-sin in gním, PH 948 = ō dafes, ZCP xiv 153.3 (YBL). aoinneach . . . ar a bhfionntaoi claonadh seanchusa do dhéanamh, Keat. iii 511 .

(b) of connubial intercourse: mac mná nad festar céle who knows no spouse (of the Virgin Mary), Imr. Brain § 26 . ben nad fessed [sic leg.] nech do feraib hErend ríam, IT i 119.29 (LU). ni fetar ┐ ni fhindub-sa ferscál, PH 2017 . dias inghean nar fhionn fear, Gen. xix 8 .

(c) doubtful: rofind . . . Dia suan . . . i nAdam, BB 16b20 = immisit . . . soporem in A. , Gen. ii 21 (leg. rofóid ?).

E. Some late exx.:

(a) in fidir tú ? do you know ? Acall. 753 . an bhféidir tú . . .?, ZCP iv 404.4 ; 412.17 . ni fhéidir . . . acht ro-fhéadar liom I do not know . . . but I do know , 412.19 . cf. an fitir lat ?, Snedg. u. Mac R 12.6

(b) 1 pl. pret. fetamar has given rise to the adv. eadamar surely, certainly , see TD ii p. 200 , Desíd. p. 304 : e. nach diúltfa sibh, Content. xvi 104 . eadamair eistfidhear linn, Dánta Gr. xvii 11 .