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1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire , Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

at-reig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. at-reig or dil.ie/4913
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ineresomni, a(t)fraig(id), atré, atraacht, atraracht, atomriug, atomregar, adreig, atraig, attruic, adraidhe, adraigi, atfraigh, affraig, afraig, atafraig, atragat, afraigid, atra, ardotrái, atrōi, érig, eirig, érged, afraigid, atraiged, atraidis, -erus, -eirreis, adré, -éir, condaǽrset, -eirset, -érsat, atressed, adtresed, -eirsed, atammresa, -érus-sa, ad-reis, atré, asr, atresim-ne, ata reset, atresat, atrésit, addreset, attrasatt, atresed, dotresed, atrestáis, atreistis, -eirsitis, adomracht, atomraracht, érracht, rotéracht, -errachtair, atracht, atarecht, atraacht, atráracht, asráracht, a-dreacht, a-drécht, erracht, -érracht, -erracht, -errecht, atra, at-re, adre, dotracht, atrachtabar, asrarachtatar, atarachtatár, atráchtatar, atrachtár, -errachtatar, atrachtus, atrachtais, atrachtsat, -setar, atraighsiot, atraidhset

v (* ess-reg, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 594 ) with inf. pron. agreeing in number, person and gender with subject in meaning rises (often also rises and goes, goes). Perh. archaic use without pron. in: ineresomni gl. suscitare, Thes. i 713.26 (`in which we will raise(?)', note). Note also: atomrachtatar, ZCP xii 365.17 (meaning not clear). Later with gradual obsolescence of inf. pron., beginning where verb is in dependent position, and ultimately as simple verb éirgid, q.v. Some forms of the s-subj. and fut. may explain exx. given under dreisid. In mid. Irish a form a(t)fraig(id) arises with inorganic -f- prob. originating in cases where the inf. pron. ended in a vowel (cf. ataregat, LU 8191 , atafregat, 8200 ). (Leniting forms a more likely starting-point Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 85 ). The ipv. atré, etc. is an orig. s-subj. form ( GOI 375 , Watkins, Celt. Verb 139 , Zimmer, KZ xxx 118 - 119 ). The s-subj. and fut. are distinguishable only by context. The form atraacht occurring occas. in mid. Ir. may be a dissimilation-form from the perf. atraracht. Cf. also atralacht cited below. For archaic forms permissible in classical verse see IGT Verbs § 17 .

Indic. pres. 1 s. atomriug, Thes. ii 354.24 (perh. rather to be referred to ad-rig, see Binchy, Ériu xx 232 - 234 ). atomregar, MacCongl. 83.26 . 3 s. adreig, Wb. 13a12 . atraig, LU 8191 ( FB 14 ). attruic, LU 633 (ACC). adroigh, Studies 1918, 282 § 17 . ? adraidhe (: slaidhe), SG 148.11 = adraigi, Acall. 2421 . atfraigh (see above), ACL iii 3.31 . affraig, LU 8196 ( FB 14 ). afraig (atfraich v.l.), IT i 265 § 27 . atafraig (fem.), LU 8810 ( FB 15 ). 3 pl. atragat, 8843 (ib. 64 ). afraigid, RC xii 100 § 137 . Ipv. 2 s. (see above) atræ, Ml. 126c3 . atra, LU 3533 ( SCC 30 ). ardotrái (attraicc, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 4766 = atrōi, TBC-I¹ 3012 (cf. ar-éirig and artotroi (.i. eirig) a Chuscraid, Ériu viii 173 § 3 ). érig, LU 3592 ( SCC 30 ). eirig, IT i 125.1 . 3 s. érged, LU 8130 ( FB 9 ). 2 pl. afraigid, TBC-I¹ 3081 , 3456 (afraighid suas dénaidh eachd, O'Cl.). Indic. impf. 3 s. atraiged, Rawl. 84a53 . 3 pl. atraidis, BB 300a12 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. -erus, Thes. ii 357.17 . 2 s. -eirreis, SR 1172 . 3 s. adré (: sé), IGT Verbs ex. 215 . -éir, TBC-LL¹ 3752 . 3 pl. condaǽrset, Ml. 46a12 . -eirset, TBC-LL¹ 2797 . -érsat, 769 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atressed, LL 12574 . adtresed, YBL 214b15 (printed addrecht , Ériu i 118.1 ). -eirsed, Trip.² 463 . TBC-LL¹ 4543 .

Fut. 1 s. atammresa (= res sa), Ml. 31c14 . -érus-sa, MU² 1047 . 2 s. ad-reis, Lism. L. 2660 . 3 s. atré, TBC-LL¹ 985 . asr, Anecd. ii 14.11 . 1 pl. atresim-ne, PH 3531 . 3 pl. ata reset, Blathm. 955 . atresat, TBC-LL¹ 985 . atrésit, PH 3596 . addreset, Gorm. Apr. 22 . attrasatt, ZCP x 344.6 . Condit. 3 s. atresed, PH 4753 . With change of preverb dotresed, PH 1859 . 3 pl. atrestáis, TBC-LL¹ 1166 . atreistis, CCath. 1093 . -eirsitis, BNnÉ 33.38 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. adomracht, RC x 88.1 . atomraracht, MacCongl. 83.31 . conom érracht , LU 10761 . 2 s. ni rotéracht , Trip. 458.29 . -errachtair (erachtais v.l.), Lism. L. 2660 . 3 s. atracht, LU 8420 ( FB 29 ). atarecht (with fem. subj.), Vita Br. 33 . atraacht, TBC-LL¹ 1941 (see above). asraracht, LU 10790 . atráracht, Trip.² 612 . asráracht, 2287 . Cf. atralacht, LU 3655 ( SCC 32 ). a-dreacht, Dán Dé xxvi 32 . a-drécht (: écht), IGT Verbs ex. 216 . ro erracht , ACL iii 14.26 . -érracht, LU 312 . -erracht, 313 . -errecht, Todd Nenn. 180.6 . Note also: atra, LL 398b13 . at-re, ACL iii 311.1 . adre, Marco P. 8 , 54 (? scribal errors). With change of preverb: dotracht, RC xxiv 377.11 . 2 pl. atrachtabar, PH 3769 . 3 pl. asrarachtatar, Trip.² 2719 . atarachtatár, LU 4900 (TBC). atraachtatar, TBC-LL¹ 2643 . atráchtatar, 3601 . atrachtár, SR 4461 (guaranteed by metre). atrarochtor, RC xii 96 § 127 . -errachtatar, Alex. 895 . With endings of s- pret. 1 s. atrachtus, PH 1540 . 2 s. atrachtais, PH 1245 . 3 pl. atrachtsat, PH 1286 . atráigestar, TBC-LL¹ 3970 (sic. Leg. -setar?). atraighsiot, AFM vi 2098.y . atraidhset, Ann. Conn. 1230.4 .

Vn. éirge.

(a) rises: nach tan atraig ┐ . . . noch dand suides `whenever he rises and whenever he sits down', Mon. Tall. 140.20 (§ 32) . atresat uile la hescomlúd duitsiu `all will arise at thy going forth', TTr.² 101 . Of arising from sleep, etc.: geiss dó grian d'ergi fair . . . acht combad é atressed rempe, LL 12574 . ni indnais fort lepuidh dia not-erruis, ZCP xiii 280.15 . dorochair cotlud form conom érracht innossa, LU 10761 . Of recovery from wounds: atré slemun slán-chréchtach `he shall arise smooth and sound of wounds', Metr. Dinds. iii 166.28 .

With follg. accus. attruic (.i. atraracht) roard tráth Dé Colum cuitechta ascends to the company of God, LU 633 (ACC). adrē frach (? leg. fráech ed.) fírbrātha, ZCP viii 211.25 . at-rae buaíd ┐ bennachtain (a greeting), Grail 1690 . With cogn. accus. at-raachtatar Ulaid érgi n-aínfir ar a fathchi . . . amach arose as one man and went out, MU² 246 . la sodhain tra attrachtsat lucht na cathrach ēirgi athlamh aoinfhir, Fl. Earls 120.29 .

In various extended applications: atraidis bolga nemi for a ngruaidib appeared, BB 300a12 . Of noise, emotions etc.: asraracht a interiecht ngallraigthi, Anecd. ii 48 § 9 . ni errachtatar lind . . . ferga, Alex. 895 . atracht en gaili . . . ind, Cog. 188.15 . Arises, occurs, happens: conerrachtatar catha ┐ debtha occo fein, Anecd. iii 68.20 . Grows up, matures, extends: feib atré in mac bec atresat a gníma óclachais leis, TBC-LL¹ 985 . atraracht nert claindi Dedad the power of Clann D. increased, ZCP viii 303.14 .

Meaning frequently more closely defined by prepp. and advv.

With A: atrecht in lūan lāth asa mullach, TBC-I¹ 397 . co n-érsat Ulaid assa cess, TBC-LL¹ 769 . intan adregat asa suan, Ériu ii 130 § 98 . in t-inad asa n-errachtair (erachtais v.l.) innósa . . . is as adreis do mórdhail bratha it is from there you will arise and go to the great meeting of judgement, Lism. L. 2660 . adreisit na huili marbh a talam, RC xxviii 316 § 21 . atracht a bás, BNnÉ 14 § 18 . atrarochtor na Fomoire asa scoraibh sechtair `marched out of . . .', RC xii 96 § 127 . atracht as cach fasach i n-a cele she passed from one wilderness to another, v 199 § 5 .

With co: hi tiugnair atreset sil nAdaim cusin ḟuigell n-aurdeirc will rise to meet, KMMisc. 146 § 7 . atrachtsat na ríghu gusin airdrí, BNnÉ 324 § 37 .

With DI: atré lassar lond de loiscfess talum uli, KMMisc. 146.20 .

With DO rises to meet, to attack, makes for: co n-érracht cach di alailiu isin dail co rabi cach díib i n-ár a cheili, Trip.² 497 . ataregat ind fir dó the men attack him, LU 6164 (TBC). atractatar na slóig aile dóib, CRR 34 . atomregar dō . . . co herard `I advanced to meet him', MacCongl. 83.26 . atraacht glass-anfud in mara . . . dóib, CRR 10 . atraig Fergus dia chlaidiub F. rises to get his sword, LU 5412 (TBC). atrachtsad (adraigseatar v.l.) Laigin do gabail foraib, Anecd. i 18.1 . atraig Brían don tiprait tall goes, Ériu iv 102.1 .

With FOR (later AR): at-raachtatar . . . ara n-armaib they made for their weapons, MU² 161 . tecuit uile ┐ atraig forru they all come and she overpowers them(?), ACL iii 326.18 . co n-erecht a neart for Saxana his strength grew over the S., Todd Nenn. 180.6 . adre in sliabh . . . for an sliabh naill `the mountain arose and went on the other mountain', Marco P. 8 . at-raracht matin . . . for [rig]raith na Temrach went out on, ZCP xx 218 § 1 . ataregat int shlúaig huili ara chend rise before him, TBFr. 276 . atbertar sund asregad sidi ar cend a martra would go to meet, YBL 121a28 .

With FRI: ciphe gním frisan-erreis whatever deed you may undertake, SR 1172 . in t-epscop . . . na hérracht fri humhalóit asré fri denam cuil the bishop who did not rise up as a mark of respect from humility will arise to do evil, Anecd. ii 14.10 . atrestáis mathi in choicid rit báig the nobles of the province would rise to your call, TBC-LL¹ 1166 . atracht in mílid frisin mbéist the soldier attacked the serpent, PH 7234 . co n-eraig fri cach lin immodcing `rises against' (of a stream), Ériu ii 114 § 40 . at-racht grían ra lecnib na hIrlúachra, MU² 457 .

With I: adomracht am ṡeasam, RC x 88.1 . atraghat . . . Túath Dé imbaidh na nAthnensta then the T.D. form a confederacy with the Athenians, Leb. Gab.(i) 144.26 . ni eracht an fer aile ina aididh no cia atracht did not attack him, Laws v 304.19 Comm. atraghat an aenfecht (v.l.) ina[n] dóchum they arise to attack them together, CCath. 1886 . atracht Pilip i n-agaid Hiruaith co fhalti fris rose to welcome H., PH 844 .

With IMM: atresat righ ┐ rigfile[d] . . . iman orgain-si, Anecd. ii 50.8 .

With LA: genco heirset Ullta aile léo `should go along with them', IT ii2 123.35 .

With ó: atré slán o neimib a n-arm, Dinds. 39 ( RC xv 427 ). an doigh do chuaidh ad chridhe / adroigh uaibh ar mh'impidhe, Studies 1918, 282 § 17 . ? ar[n]a heirsed cogad uaidib doris asin Troi for Greco, BB 444bz .

With ÓS: re fiuchud na ferge fírgarge hitrácht úasto, LU 6466 (TBC). tic . . . tond baiti . . . ┐ adraig (adraid MS) a n-airdi uasin luing, Aen. 248 .

With RÉ rises before (in token of respect): is e ceta neracht riam, Laws iii 28.10 . rofuacradh lasind righ connach h-eirsiud nech reme-seom, Anecd. iii 34.z . ní érrac[h]t nech dibh reme, ii 14.5 . feraid . . . fāilte fris ┐ attraig riam, ZCP viii 311.38 . atrachtatar remi huile `they all rose up to greet him', Ériu iv 128.14 .

With advv.: adre amach dar beōlu in dūin `goes out', Marco P. 23 . at-racht sūas, Sc.M² 4 . afraighídh suas, dénaidh echt, marbhaidh an tréd immon torc, AFM i 506.14 . afraigidh .i. éirghídh amhail atá . . . afraighidh suas dénaidh eachd, O'Cl.

? díchmaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? díchmaig or dil.ie/16127

ind (: díthruib, SR 6335 , 6339 , 6401 , sídaig, LL 34b53 , níthaig, Metr. Dinds. ii 36 ): cein bae David d.¤ dil | is dithruib, SR 6401 ; David d.¤ , 6339 . ba d.¤ cen díth | is dithraib i mbai (leg. robāi) David, 6335 . ni bia debaid d.¤ de, LL 34b53 ( Ériu iv 108 ). ós lecht ḟir déin d.¤ dúir, Metr. Dinds. ii 36 . rí rocés croich crúaid ar dōine digmaig, LL 124b22 ( Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10 . Cf. doine ndicmairc, ib. 12 ). tecoid na Fomoire co mbatar a (= i?) ndichmaid a Scetne, RC xii 86 .

fomóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fomóir or dil.ie/23220
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fomórach, fomoire, fomra, fomaire, fomoire, fomaire, fomóre, fomóir, ḟomorach, fFomór, fFomhóir, fomórach, -aig, fomóir, ḟomhoraich, fomóraig, fomarca, fomorach, fomórach, fomórach, fomórchaib, fomhóir, omhóir, -óir, -óra, -órach, -óire, -óraigh, fodh-, foghmóir, fodhmóra, foghmóra

n i, and guttural, m., fomórach o, m. a `Fomorian ', the name of a mythical people entering largely into the legendary history of Ireland, see O'Rahilly's EIHM, 523 - 525 . They were said to have reached Ireland in the time of Partholón: cetchath Herend robriss Partholón ... for Cichol ṅGricenchos d'Fomórchaib ┐ fir co n-oenlámaib ┐ co n-oenchossaib roḟersat friss in cath LL 5a21 (cf. BB 372a42 = Dinds. 41 ). Elsewhere in early lit. they appear as two-legged and two-handed beings, but generally of great stature and evil nature; Christian writers traced their descent to Ham son of Noah, see LU 124 . where they are classed with `luchrupāin' and `goborchind.' In later Mid. Ir. and Early Mod. period the word signifies variously a giant or pirate; Giraldus Cambrensis calls the opponents of Partholón gigantes ( Top. Hib. III cap. ii ). The word is by Irish writers commonly associated with muir `sea' (see BB 253a29 and Keat. i p. 182 cited below), a view adopted by K. Meyer and by Rhys, Hibbert Lect. 1885, p. 591 ; but by Stokes, Ling. Val. Ir. Ann. 63 , and Thurneysen, Heldensage 64 , with A.S. mara, Germ. Mahr `phantom' (cf. Engl. night-mare, Fr. cauchemar); by A. De Jubainville, Cycle Myth. ch. V 3 with mór, már `great.'

(a) Acc. to Meyer, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 6 , Wortk. 86 , the oldest form of the word is perhaps fomoire , a derivative of *fomuir `land lying towards the sea,' `shore-land,' of which the gen. fomra occurs ( fine Fomhra, BB 32a45 ; Fen. 258.17 ; co sluagh ... Fomra, Leb. Gab.(i) 106.4 ), this etym. is rejected by Thurneysen, Heldensage 64 , see also O'Rahilly, EIHM 524ff . n s. in fomaire fir (: Conaire) LL 195a34 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 128 ; of Macc Cécht, cf. IGT, 111 ex. 318 , cited below). g p. selaig srathu fomoire , LL 311b35 = fomaire, Rawl. 118a33 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 6 ). for féin fomoire , BB 28b26 , cf. Leb. Gab.(i) 102.10 = fomóre, LL 7a16 .

(b) The common Mid. Ir. form is fomóir: metithir ra f.¤ na ra fer mara, TBC-LL¹ 3805 . fa f.¤ e i farrad Eisirt a giant compared with E. SG 241z . co tarcomlat-sim trénfiru an tṡídho .i. na Fomore, RC xii 72 § 41 . a tirib na Fomóre LU 7283 ( BDD 94 ). do Fomórib, LU 7284 (ib.). ferge Fomóra fairge (: comōla), LL 7a31 . g s. co Carraic ind ḟomorach , Acall. 6545 . g p. mac righ na fFomór (: mór), Duan. F. ii 222 . na fFomhóir (: cóir), 224 .

(c) The form fomórach (g s. -aig) is found in Mid. Ir. and later generally replaces fomóir in pl.: cnoc in ḟomhoraich , Acall. 1881 . d'ingantaib ... itir duine ┐ énlaith ┐ ḟomhórach ┐ bethadach ` sea-monsters (?)' Ériu ii 146.1 . n p. conid húad [viz. Ham] ro genatar luchrupain ┐ fomóraig ... ┐ cech ecosc dodelbda archena fil for doinib, LU 124 . na fomāraig (: háraib), LL 206a22 . fomoraig .i. fomuiridi .i. lucht bidis ag sladaigecht ... ar fairrgi, BB 253a29 (= Cóir Anm. 234 . Cf. is aire do gairthí Fomhóraigh dhíobh ... óna mbeith ag déanamh fóghla ar muir: Fomhóraigh .i. fomhuiribh, Keat. i p. 182 ). a p. fri fomarca , TBC St. 2983 . g p. na fomorach , LU 113 . fomórach, 7271 ( BDD 93 ). triar ... a finib fomórach , LL 254b5 . d p. cet laech d'fomórchaib is d'arsaidib, 198a16 . ra fomorchaib, TBC-LL¹ 3625 . fomhóir omhóir (g s. -óir, -óra, -órach, n p. -óire, -óraigh) IGT, Decl. § 50 ; ón omhóir easbaig, III ex. 318 . In later MSS. often misspelt fodh-, foghmóir: g s. fodhmóra, Stair Erc. 2278 . foghmóra, 603 . In romances the word seems synonymous with athach `giant' (see St. Ercuil glossary): fomor firgrána, Acall. 1884 = int athach, 1903 . fodhmhoir milita. Ériu iii 166 § 23 (called athach later in the text). co facaidh in fomoir feramail fírgranna ┐ in t-athach, ZCP vi 288.23 . Of Cerberus: fodmoir foirtill, Stair Erc. 638 . Of centaurs: ced fomoir ... ferrda, 571 , 2570 . fomhoir uathmhur (of Goliath), Carswell 9 . Golias .i. in fomoir , ZCP ix 176.30 .

imscarad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imscarad or dil.ie/28078

n u, m. vn. of imm-scara. the act of parting mutually; mutual separation: ropo dóig lind cen anad | noco bíad ar n-i.¤ that we should never be separated, LU 3970. ro innis doibh a n-iomsccaradh fri aroile, BNnÉ 299 § 47. boilg meadhón uimpi ... can easna can imscaradh `she was one continuous belly without ribs without separation,' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 72.14 . ar daigh ... a n-imscarta ria a muindtir, RC xliii 36 § 32. ar émi imscartha frisin peccad, xv 488 § 6 . do-ní bás na coire iomsgaradh na hanma ré caidreabh ... na naomh, TSh. 1465. an t-anam ┐ an corp do dheadhail ┐ d'iomsgaradh ré chéile, 1105 . iomscaradh Ghiolla Íosa ... agus na huaisle sin, Maguires of F. § 85.

Used esp. of parting after a hostile encounter; the issue of an encounter: bid menn inar n-i.¤ it will be clear at our parting, Sc.M² § 15. i.¤ da aidlend áig na Asia ┐ na Éorpa, TTr. 1997. i.¤ Cathail ┐ Laigin conuigi sin `the result of the battle between C. and the Leinstermen' (concluding words of the Battle of Allen), RC xxiv 66.4 . fiarfaigis de cinnus no biadh imscaradh a cocaid ocus Nathí. asbert in drái comad é Nathí bud choscrach, SG 333.12 . ba he an (leg. a n-) iomscaradh, na Fomoire do dicheandadh do lamaibh na laech sin, Leb. Gab.(i) 84.12 . cionnus no biadh iomscaradh na sluagh ccechtardha, 198.21 . rob e iomsccaradh na hiorghaile sin, AFM vi 2116.20 . Cf. imscar.

Used in the Laws with the same signification as imscar q.v.: i.¤ fri anfolta flatha `a separation in consequence of the bad qualifications of the chief,' Laws ii 322.1 . i.¤ imtoga co nairitiu ocus logad cen anfolta nechtar da lina `a separation from choice,' 312.22 . (glossed: toga la cechtar de in t-i.¤ , 314.5 Comm. ). i.¤ dotluigigter (=dotluichither) flaith fri aigillni `a separation which the chief requests from the tenant,' 316.z . i.¤ athcuir cen anfolta flatha `a separation by return of the stock without any disqualification of the chief,' 318.x . nomad a lamtoraid fri hi.¤ doib `one-ninth of the produce of her hand to the woman at their separation,' 392.y . lanamnus foxail ocus lanamnas taide; ni techtad ni do chomraind fri hi.¤ do beodil na marbdil acht comperta, 400.x . is meise fuidir griain imsgartha fri flaith `the `fuidir' of land may separate from his chief,' v 360.18 .

lám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lám or dil.ie/29507
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: laám, láme, láam, láim, láma, láime, nondalámgaba

n ā, f. n s. ind laám , Wb. 12a23 (see GOI 20 - 1 ). g s. láme, Sg. 68a1 , 68b13 . g p. láam, Wb. 9a6 . n s. later also láim, and g s. láma, láime. IGT Decl. § 192.

I

(a) hand: gnúis et láma et cossa, Wb. 12b4 . is sochrudiu láam oldōsa ol coss, 12a21 . precept dosom fri dei et saithar ho lámaib in nocte gl. operantes manibus nostris, 9a5 . ine láim nú ine méraib, Thes. ii 245.37 . ind l.¤ gl. manu, Ml. 36b1 . lam, 131b4 . torad a láam is hed dodtoisged `it is (the) fruit of his hands that used to support him', Wb. 9a6 . orddu lámae gl. pollex, Sg. 68b13 . dunecomnacht Dia inní saúl inna lama som delivered S. into his hands, Ml. 55c1 . ro bendach Pátraic asa dib lámaib in Machai, Trip.² 2799 . conid eiter a lamaib rothathamir cú rui (leg. Cú Roí) `in their hands that C. expired', Mon. Tall. 65 . idna láme (one of the `streams of poetry'), LL 3900 ( IT iii 58.2 ). bud bhinn lam ┐ bel a fine instrumentalist and vocalist, AU iii 340.7 . claidhemh gacha lamha, Cog. 252.9 . ro-gab . . . lān a lām do c[h]ochall an c[h]lērig, BColm. 36.10 . líon mo lámha `the full of my hands', Dán Dé xxx 7 .

With adj. or attrib. gen.: l.¤ bennachtan as opposed to l.¤ soscéli right hand v. left hand (see Stokes, Ériu iii 11 - 12 ): in ferand ar do láim soscéla ic dola sís . . . no ar do laim bennachtan anís, Ériu iii 11.14 - 15 . See soiscélae. l.¤ choitchinn: airgitur langilli na bo iar fir i llaim coitchinn ra aichne `in gemeinsame (neutrale) Hand', Cóic Con. 17.2 . lámh chlé (lámh chlí prohibited form), IGT Decl. § 139 . ros-mugaig, ros-mill, ro tracht / trí coecat barc co laim clí, Fél. 200.28 . na findad do l.¤ chlíí an a n-dingne do l.¤ dess, PH 5950 . lámh deas right hand, IGT Decl. § 137 . bennuch, a Dhe, . . . / cot laim dheis mo cuili-se, Lism. L. 1287 . fíréin láma deise Dé, PBocht 26.34 . l.¤ doí see lámdoé s.v. 1 doé; l.¤ (in) scéith left hand or arm; see 2 scíath and cf. ar laim congmala a sgeith, Ériu xi 189.30 .

In l.¤ des, l.¤ chlé of directions; in a variety of uses: a lleth o laim deiss dexteram ejus partem, Sg. 17b2 . for láim deis aníartúaid . . . for laim chlí anairtuáid, BCr. 19c2 , 3 . éla fort láim ṅdeiss `decline ab eis in dexteram partem', Lat. Lives 80.15 . Fir Domnand co trí rígaib / lam des fri hErinn n-íraig `up the west coast', MacCarthy 148 § 3 ( LL 14718 ). impoit . . . for a láim chlí they turn to the left, AU ii 120.7 . ro ghabsat iaramh laimh cli fris an loch `with their left to the lake', AFM vi 1940.18 . do chuaidh . . . hisin . . . long . . . lamh dhes frí hérinn soirttuaidh, 1966.z . dia lāim deis on his right, ZCP viii 108.3 . Note also: is í so slighe ina ttáinig . . . .i. láimh sgéith re Ráith Ḟionnchaoimhe, Ériu viii 135.24 .

In a number of idioms with vb. gabaid: gabaid láim x seizes, abducts x: nis gebh do laim . . . ar med do nóimhe, BNnÉ 304.17 . gabais laim ingine Foraid . . . ┐ fordoscarastar, Rawl. 131b24 (Cf. Ériu iii 135.4 ). dodechaid in chaillech do béim chluic . . . gabais Ailill a láim, ┐ dos tascar, ┐ dogéni a coblige seized, RC ix 452.14 . See gabál. Cf. ní má ar gabáil ar lámha / úaind, ZCP viii 219.36 . M. . . . do gabail . . . l.¤ Huí L. . . . asint ṡuide apad `expelled', Ann. Inisf. 1052.5 . gabaid láim x dochum leads x to: gabais a chomalta a laim dochum mara led, Anecd. iii 59.9 . gabthe mo laim mattin dochum mara, 1 . With follg. prep. AS expels: ni ragh sa adiu . . . go ro gaba ri no espoc mo laim as, BNnÉ 302.4 . gebatt sa . . . do lamha sa asin suidhi righ ittaoi, 305.13 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a Pardus `on this account they were driven out of Paradise', Ériu vii 164.7 .

(b) arm : cumgabail inna lam i crosfigill is sí briathar l.¤ insin, Ml. 138a2 . tócaib do dí láim i n-airdi frisin Coimdid, MacCarthy 64.10 = suidig do da laim cech thrath / fri ruirig nime, SR 1605 . doe láme gl. lacertus, Sg. 68a1 . a di láim tri derca ṡedluch allenith immach, TE 4 ( IT i 119 ). gur ben in lamh des aga gualaind de, ZCP vi 36.18 . lámh on gualuinn a fad, ALC i 184.20 . láma caolrigthecha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.27 . Of clothes, sleeve : lēinte lainneardha lāimhgheala lín 'brilliant, white-sleeved linen tunics', BDC 226.57​ .

(c) Of the hand used in measuring length: on fir do ní in tomus o laimh, Laws ii 232.22 Comm . ocht nduirn a fot, do toimsib laime techta fil fri mesu ┐ toimsiu, Laws ii 246.8 . tinne tri mer a mbun laime, Laws ii 250.2 . See 2 tinne. is í sin is áis do'n ésga do réir láime (of calculating the moon's age by disposing the verses of the Golden Number upon the finger-joints), O'Gr. Cat. 300.14. Of the whole arm as measure: fád láimhe laoich do chrann, Keat. ii 5200.

(d) Attrib. g s. cennach láime: fuair . . . na seacht Laoighise dó féin . . . mar cheannach láimhe i ndíol an cheannais do rinne `handsel', Keat. ii 4812 . cin láime distinguished from cin coise, tengad, etc.: cin laime de guin, no gait, no mi-imirt, Laws i 238.11 . cís láime: ní cíos láime atá acutsa orra acht rígféinnidecht ┐ maer choiméta atá acut innte tribute of the hand i.e. won by force(?), SG 338.22 , 337.17 . triatha uaisle dho i mbuannacht do bhíodar / a chíos láimhe mar ránaig ar ríoghraidh, Hackett² 30.290 . See dígbál. fer láime: fer láma ríg Themra thair / Illand ergna mac Erclaim `henchman', Metr. Dinds. iv 88.13 . Legal perpetrator, distinguished from sellach spectator : mas lethbrostu ┐ ro fes in cu do rigne in fogail is amuil fer laime tigerna in con do rigne in fogail the master of the dog which did the injury is taken to be the perpetrator (of liability for dog injured in a dog-fight), Laws iii 194.y Comm . noco fo lan fir laime icus sellach a lan, 100.z Comm . See sellach. Also áes láime guilty persons: is iat is aes laime ann lucht in combaiti (`hand-party'), Laws iii 252.13 Comm . flesc láime see 1 flesc. liacca lamh, CCath. 5657 (see 1 lía). rogad láime, see rogad.

Extended meanings: gesce ┐ lama imda branches (of tree), RC x 74.3 v.l. gur teig lamh na lainne dā lethtaoibh handle, ZCP xiv 233.1 .

II In various abstr. and fig. applications.

(a) prowess, valour, accomplishment: ar eagla a laime ┐ a dighultu[i]s, ZCP vi 273.9 . ni caithimsa sin noco fagar do laim iat (do nert laime, v.l.), RC xix 34.2 . do chuaidh A. a llos a láma as by his own valour, ALC i 302.23 . Cf. CCath. 68 . ba fearr lamh na luighe `one better in deed or word', Duan. F. ii 176 § 5. clú láimhe, Hugh Roe² 104.5 . fer . . . go lán ainm láimhe ┐ tighe aoidhed, AFM v 1628.18 . fear . . . ro ba maith lamh ┐ oineach brave and generous, 1692.10 . teist ┐ tuarasccbháil láimhe ┐ einigh, 1684.18 . Sir Gyi ┐ sir Heront rob ferr lam ar gach taebh acu, ZCP vi 45.29 . ní fuil . . . ridiri is ferr lamh, 52.2 . ni frith fear mo laimhe riam `a man to match with me', Duan. F. i 63 § 33 . l.¤ láitir might: techt do fein ar los a lame laitiri as, Ann. Conn. 1373.5 .

(b) control, power : is he nert Dé ┐ l.¤ Dé, LB 138b46 . san tír dar ghoire do ghrádh / lámh ag rígh oile mon-uar another king rules, DDána 45.6 . as é dob fearr eineach is ágh / ní deachaidh lamh ós a cionn `never was he overpowered', Duan. F. ii 218 § 8 . adubhairt riu gan an rigacht do chur as a laimh, BCC 246.34 .

In phrase l.¤ i n-úachtar upper hand, conquering arm : rapo doss díten ┐ rapo buinne bratha ┐ rapo l.¤ i n-uachtur leo Conall, CRR 44.1 . go dtug Dia an lámh i n-uachtar ag Scotaibh is ag Pictibh orra, Keat. ii 6144 . In legal phr. lám gabálae forcible seizure : do-beir in fer ada-gair comrac forsin mil sin co tét i lláim gabálae 'the man who brings a claim against them causes a confrontation over that honey so that it (the honey) passes by forcible seizure', Bechbretha 186 (e) .

(c) Legal active part in crime : icad fer tairce trian . . . a dualgus a tairci; ┐ cutruma re aenfer don dá trian aile a dualgas a láime the inciter pays a third due because of his incitement . . . because of his share in the deed (of fine for killing by soldiers), Laws iii 114.x Comm . asren cāch a chinta ar a láim `for his own hand', Cáin Ad. 43 . im fiach a laime, ┐ im fiach a tairci, Laws iii 116.1 Comm . See tárcud. ? síoll Eoghain ní hosadh ghealloid / ní ghébdís duit díol i láimh, L. Cl. A. B. 223.106 . In phr. l.¤ derg murder, murderer (cf. We. llawrudd) (in latter sense more commonly fer láime deirge): cumal aithgina fo fer laime dergi laes na gona and, Laws i 244.2 Comm . bid fir lāma dergi ina suidedaib apad, BColm. 62.19 . ba comeirque laime derce nach bruidhen an asylum for a murderer, RC xxi 314.6 . bud í in phláig dibse is a bedg / in l.¤ derg dimbert oram murder, SG 55.37 . ná déantar lámh dhearg acht dí / ar ghrá na dtrí ndealg a Dhé `that my body alone be treated as a foe', Dán Dé ix 9 . atú mar láimh ndeirg ag Dia, ii 30 .

(d) In metonomy, pars pro tota . Of warrior: dob iomdha lamh áthasach do Dhom[n]allachibh ┐ Ghordonchib do bhi san lathair sin, Rel. Celt. ii 192.13 . ni roibi . . . aenlamh fa crodha coscur a cathaibh, ZCP vi 43.33 . lámh ar nár cheisd an cheisd chrúaidh, L. Cl. A. B. 265.9 . marbthar lais Conn O Concobhair in aen lámh mharcaigh as lugha rob olc i cConnachtaibh, AFM vi 2040.11 . With descriptive gen. of generous person: in l.¤ tidnaicthi (of Cú Chulainn), LL 7962. da láim thidnaicthi ratha (Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), 10729 . lámh chothaighthe deibhléin Dé she who supported God's orphan, DDána 32.24 . Of help: don bocht a tibred laim, PH 6145 . a lámh nach lámh tar threise `o arm unsurpassed in strength(?)', PBocht 23.49 .

(e) In phrases ref. to plighting of troth, wedlock, etc.: dobhi ar fes laimhe ┐ leaptha ag an inghin an oidhche sin, RC xxix 134.18 . roḟai ar laimh ┐ ar leabaid le, RC xliii 24 § 22 . See foaid. sáith ríogh ar leabaidh 's ar láimh / gach inghean ard álainn óg, Dánta Gr. 5.31 . tug mná cneasta i bhfeis leabtha ┐ láimhe married, Hackett² 53.106 . Cf. mé th'éadach láimhe is leaptha (said by cloak to its owner), 32.33 . nascis . . . for láim ind fúatha sin `bound that (boon) on the Spectre's hand', Moling 20 .

(f) In proverbial expressions: ba lam i net nathrach . . . insaigid fair `a hand into an adder's nest', LL 225b7 ( TTr. 608 ). ba luam a net natrach . . . cor fri sluag na Fomoire , RC xii 96.17 . lámh an eirr easguinne unsafe grip, IGT Decl. ex. 587 . l.¤ déoraid (status of) a person whose protection and rights had been forfeited ( ZCP xxxiii 87 ): bid l.¤ déoraid dó, LU 5137 ( TBC-I¹ 654 ); 'he is as good as dead' ZCP xxxiii 87 . See deorad. l.¤ latrainn ba l.¤ latraind i n-árbaig la Hercoil isin chath sain, LL 226a15 ( TTr. 651 ). conid de sin ata `lam clé Ulltain in agaid in uilc', Fél. 200.19 . cach lāimi a lāindīrgi, ACL iii 226.21 (see ZCP xviii 48 ). mairg do loitfeadh láimh eadruinn `it were pity for any to hurt his hand (intervening) between us', Studies 1921 589 § 6 . Legal maxim: ni fognai lam laim, Laws i 228.16 .

III In phrases with follg. prep. (in most cases also with prec. vb.).

(a) DI: dothongusa . . . conna get-sa láma dib, conastarddur uile fo thalmain that I shall not release you, TBC-LL¹ 943 . nír' scar lámha díbh cor' ḟalaigh díden na coilltedh íat fair, CCath. 195. See scaraid. ní thall in gáeth láma de / co foraim bága in bile `the wind withdrew not its hand until it brought down the Tree's pride' (of Bile Tortan), Metr. Dinds. iv 244.51 .

(b) FO: do-beir láim fo undertakes : ni-s-tibrea liaig doenna laim fo-m leiges-sa, PH 424 . in ni fo dard láimh, CCath. 1795. lámh do tabhairt fán marbh ndíocháirdeach (sic leg.) bhíos i bpurgadóir, dá ḟóirithin as, TSh. 4752 . tabhair mar thugais roimhe / lámh fúm `deal with me', Dán Dé vi 33 . l.¤ fo act of undertaking : ba l.¤ fámórobairsin, TBC St. 3830 . lām fo crābud deduirn dūr, ACL iii 306 § 4 . lámh fá othar mádh áil leo / is beo ar n-a chrochadh dháibh [Dia] `if men wish to touch his wounds', but perh. rather if men wish to attack the wounded, Dán Dé xxvi 34 . Prov. of impossible undertakings: as trágadh lacha as a lār / lámh fa bhádhadh ratha an rígh, IGT Decl. ex. 1036 . is lámh fa chraoibh nach cromann / bheith réd chumann, DDána 4.5 . ríomh réadlann nó gainimh ghil / . . . lámh fa ríomh a sochar sin, Content. xxviii 24. Cf. tabraidh mo lamh fa comhall sin, ar Corbmac. ┐ donaisc orra amlaid sin swear by my hand, Irish Texts iii 8.25 .

(c) FOR: l.¤ for áirithe an undertaking certain of success : níor bó lámh for airidhe a n-ionnsaighidh muna luigheadh líon lam . . . forra, AFM v 1826.8 . ni bad lam ar airgthi doibsium sin mana deonaiged in toichthi, Fen. 138.20 . foceird láma for: foceirtt lamae fair she laid hands upon him, Mon. Tall. 66. Cf. ro láiset láma do they arrested him, PH 3101. Of ordination: cuirfid . . . a lámha arna Lebhítibh, Numbers viii 10. Cf. ni comairleiced . . . dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbaic) cin foghlaim `put hand upon him' (i.e. on Christ in the Eucharist), Trip. xlix 11 . atgeall in filidh lāmh for a dān to attempt, ZCP vii 305.6 . do-beir láim for (ar) proposes, attempts : do beartsatt . . . laimh for imdhecht, AFM vi 1900.10 . gabaid láim (láma) for: si dobeir phoíc la cech n-oendig dó, isí geibes láim for a chuit arranges, TBC-LL¹ 2180 . Gaileoin . . . .i. an trian nó ghebadh lamha for an dá trian oile fo ghail fon airredh (leg. airrigh) excelled, Leb. Gab.(i) 118.16 . Of course of action undertakes: do ghabh lam for an Easpain d'fágbhail, ML 44.2 . do gab E. lámh for imtheacht d'fágbhail na h-innsi, ML 36.9 . Of persons enjoins upon, the action enjoined usually being denoted by imm: rogab A. lama (lam, v.l.) ar Perelass im ergi dochum in cluichi sin ordered P., TTebe 2474 . in tan gaba lam forainn, BB 418a51 gabais lāma for in úathad slúaigh robúi ina ḟarrad im calma do dēnom, Fianaig. 86.23 . rogabhagh lamh ar an oglach im dul dochum na teneadh, Ériu iii 156.31 . Also petitions : ragabsad T. uili . . . lama air um thuilleadh fhís do denam doib `entreated that a further vision should be made', TTebe 4156 . ní rigise a les lam do gabail forainn there is no need to ask us (to protect you), Celt. Rev. iii 314.6 . Note also: ragab láim ar a araid (itbert re a giolla, v.l.) ara ngabad a eochu, TBC-LL¹ 3252 . ní ḟedabair an lá no an uair i ngebthar lamh foraibh `a hand will be laid upon you', RC xxv 388.17 . imm-beir láim for practises violence on, see imm-beir. Med. operates on: ro himred lámu . . . for Eogan co mbí ina chinnte bás d'fhaghbáil do, SG 50.25 . Note also: a thaoibh-se ar a dtá mo lámh on which I rely(?), Dán Dé xxv 43 .

(d) FRI: l.¤ fri act of avoiding, renouncing : lam fri idal ṅglethech ṅgal (command against idolatry), SR 4845 . lāim fri lochta, ZCP vi 264 § 9 . lam fri cath fri cēilide, Ériu ii 56.9 . lámh fri turbhaidhe domhnain cé, AFM ii 618.18 . As prep. beside : tainic laim re fiannbhoith mac mBrocain, ZCP xi 40.11 . ealba fhiadh is eadh at conncas / cealga Laoghaire láimh ria, PBocht 10.16 . rohadnaicedh laim re haltóir (sic leg.) Chiarain, RC xviii 182.4 . tarr láimh riom, Gen. xxvii 21 . muna raibh do dhearbhrathair láimh riot, Deuteronomy xxii 2. Also of motion along by (see also under I (a) above): lodar . . . laim re muir siar co rangadar Teach nDuinn, Anecd. i 18.5 . doberat a lam fri h-Etail `skirted', Aen. 138 . tar Dūn ac Loduin . . . / lāim re gach loch go Loch Rīach, ZCP viii 222 § 3 . a lam re fairrge co hAth Cliath, RC xviii 51.26 = laimh fri faircce co rocht co hAth Cliath, AFM ii 1028.x . Note also: tug Muire láimh ris an leas / an uile sháidh do shaidhbhreas `besides salvation', A. Ó Dálaigh l 39. Also compared with: láimh re hAodh ó fhior eile / mion gach taom dá thaidhbhsighe, L. Cl. A. B. 64.159 . ionnus nach fuil i n-uile ṡeanchus . . . láimh re seanchus na hÉireann, Keat. i 44.22 . do-beir láim fri refuses, rejects : na tabair laim frim (Potiphar's wife to Joseph), SR 3182. Of renunciation of world, sin, etc: dia mba maccleirech fa mām / tapuir lām fri holc, ACL iii 319 § 87 . na hulca imgabamít, is e in ecnai erailes ornn laim do thabhairt friu, PH 6867 . do rad láimh ris an saoghal, TFrag. 204.2 . fo-ácaib fri láim excepts: facbaim Concobur fri láim . . . dáig a rige, LU 9217 ( FB 94 ). dochta do neoc[h] dáles dāil / fācbas (?) dáil n-éco fri lāimh, Fianaig. 10 § 3 . Note also: fa-rácbaisemne fri láim deitsiu . . . nád ṅ-íurmais orguin we stipulated, BDD² 659 . scaraid láma fri desists from: roghabh acc timchelladh in chaithmhīledh co nāro-scar lāmha fris go ro eiderdelaigh a cenn rea chúilmēidhe, ZCP xiv 232.12 . ni rosccarsat lamha fris go ragbhatar an caistiall ar eigin, Hugh Roe² 100.16 . Cf. dochuaid re láim he went security, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(e) I: do budh dána dul le bréig / do chur lámh 'n-á (leg. 'n-a) leithéid `to resort to guile in attempting such a thing(?)', Dán Dé xxi 21 . cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug go heasaontach as an mainistir amach é seized, Keat. iii 1948 . dobeir láim i láim neich becomes someone's vassal: ní thug a lámh a láimh riogh occlach dob'fhearr treisi gniomh, ITS v 176.20 . ri Uladh na n-iath solus / . . . dobhera se a lamh ad laimh / gidh be len b'ál gan t'anair, Irish Texts ii 98 § 14. Hence accepts the protection of someone : tuc al-laim il-laim Ḟind, Acall. 5972. Also shakes hands : nach tarmchillend Heriu óclách do neoch do-beir a láim i llaim tigerna nach aichnid damsa, CRR 16.x . tuc a lam in a laim in la sin, Cog. 132.13 . go dtugsad uile a lámha iona láimh, ML 54.31 .

(f) ÍAR: l.¤ íar cúl reserve force : gan lámh ar gcúl uile againn / Muire dhún go n-agaill é `none of us having any support', Dán Dé xix 18 . With cúlu: cusna buidnib medonc[h]aib . . . ┐ cusin laim ar culu, CCath. 5771 . cinnas as áil duit techt i ndáil Medba . . . atágur l.¤ ar cúl aci, LU 6154 ( TBC-I¹ 1669 ).

(g) IMM: gaibid láim imm manipulates : do ghabhadar na fóirne . . . lámha um na leabhar-líontaibh, ML 46.24 .

(h) LA: do-beir láim la helps: is olc in lam tucadar na dee . . . linn, Fier. 106 . móide do-bhéara láimh linn the more wilt thou help me, Dán Dé xi 9 . ag tabhairt láimhe liom féin / a-tá meise, xxii 17 . ní fhuil duine agam do-bhéaradh lámh liom, TSh. 4735 . fo-ceird láim la with same meaning: nach áil cur lámha lat `they will not help thee' (of Mary and mankind), Dán Dé xix 25 . dlighidh cur a láimhe linn, L. Cl. A. B. 251.52 . nior chuir an samhradh lámh linn, Rel. Celt. ii 232.35 . Cf. lámh muna chuire re a gcosg, PBocht 15.5 . l.¤ la help, assistance to: lámh linn ar do bhreith ní bhia `to save me will not be in thy power', PBocht 13.38 . do ghuidh é (sic leg.) fa lamh leis chum síobhail ró mhóir do bhí na éigean air do dhéanamh, ZCP ii 558.22 . as maith an tráth láimhe linn / is cách ré'r ndáin[n]e ag doichill, Ériu v 52.15 .

(i) TAR: fochertar lama tairis they seized him, LU 5941 ( TBC-I¹ 1475 ). do-beir láim tar takes possession of usually by force: co tarad láim dar Corco Loígi, Anecd. i 13.21 . co tarat laim dar hIffern (of Christ harrowing hell), SR 7772 . tuc-som laim tarsan tir ┐ do lomarced leis . . . hi, Ann. Conn. 1249.2 . dochoid A. . . . do índriudh innd idhoiltige ┐ doberait laim tairis, LL 402b31 ( TTr.² 505 ). tugad l.¤ tar na luathcrechaib soir go slioschlár sluag Mhaonmaige they were carried off. Caithr. Thoirdh. 53.39 . do rat lá[i]m dar a longphort, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 31 . tuc sisi lamh tar an mbiorar báoi for an sruth, BS 82.22 . Note also with pl. láma: tabraiter láma tairis let him be seized, LU 5937 ( TBC-I¹ 1471 ). do-beir láim tar a agaid. Of person waking from sleep: itraacht C. . . . asa chotlud ┐ dobert l.¤ dar a agid, TBC-LL¹ 2495 . do-icc tar láma violates, disobeys : ticcedh thrá Suibhne tar lamha an chleirigh, BS 175.20 .

IV In phrases with preceding prep. (and freq. vb.):

(a) DI: ceb é tan no ghebhudh dia lámh fair `whensoever he should receive the eucharist from him', Lism. L. 2886 . rogab comaind ┐ sacarbaic do laim Tassaig espoic, IT i 22.2 . Of reception of viaticum: téit Comhgall docum nimhe . . . do laimh Ailbhe, Lism. L. 2883 . co nabail dia laimh (i.e. Mochuda) iar mbreith buadha o dhemhan ┐ ó dhomhan (i.e. he died after receiving viaticum from M.), BNnÉ 295.9 . sáeraid di lámaib liberates from : amail soersai Abram / de lamaib na Caldae, Fél. Ep. 456 . rosoirad in chathir di lamaib assar, Ml. 61d2 . See saeraid.

(b) DO: gaibid do (orig. di ?) láim undertakes : ro erb M. fris frestal na hatha. Ro gab-sum sin do laim undertook, Fél. Pref. 12.10 . ro ghabh do láim . . . athaghidh [in muilind], Lism. L. 1969 . rogab Cuipidh do laim o Uenir inni sin, Aen. 387 . do gab . . . Domnall . . . do laim é, Cog. 174.18 . gabhmaitne do laim iatsom `we shall take them in hands', Caithr. CC 63 . do gab du laim cin toidecht i n-agaid mac Ruaidri aris, Ann. Conn. 1225.17 . gabh do láimh i ló na héigne / . . . bheith ós ar gcionn mar chrann díona, PBocht 10.49 . sibh-se . . . gabas do láim an t-eolas who profess learning, Content. xviii 10. Note also: do ghabhadar do láimh dhó nách roichfeadh . . . tochradh a dtigearna tairsibh `they pledged themselves to him', ML 116.8 . rogab H. do láim ón tṡiair sein, LL 226b40 `accepted that charge', TTr. 707 . téit (do-icc) do láim goes to communion : oc techt do laim at the Communion, Thes. ii 254.14 (Stowe Missal). in tan na tiagar do láim dia domnaig, tiagar dia dhardaín ina dhegaid, Rule of Tallaght 15 . fecht n-aill do B. ic techt do Laim in epscuip quadam die accessit B. ut Eucharistiam sumeret de manu episcopi, Lat. Lives 84.15 . gab do lāim / cen tabairt ngotha ar fer ngráid / . . . lēic don churp bīs ina lāim, ACL iii 222.18 . ni dlegar escómlad cen dol do lāim (`without being shriven'), MacCongl. 23.9 . as mitidh a n-anmain De techt do laim `it is time . . . to go to communion', RC xxvi 374.11 = do thāed do lāim `for you to take food(?)', Ériu i 44.24 . ic techt do láim in epscuip (`confess'), Three Hom. 80.21 . téit . . . Gillas . . . do churp Crist annsin do laimh Brenainn, BNnÉ 84.14 . sacairt ic dol do laim celebrating mass, Grail 1326 .

(c) FO. In various uses with téit: téid an bhuidhen fó láimh `submitted', ALC ii 350.12 . otcondai[r]c . . . na hairberta móra sin do thecht fo laim lé Césair being undertaken, CCath. 2389 . gur bhó heiccen do . . . dul fa lámhaibh legh (of surgical operation), AFM vi 2232.21 . See síned. téit fo láim n-epscoip receives confirmation : ní thic comlāine in spirta nóim mane tē fó láim n-epscoip īar mbathus, Ériu i 218.24 . confirmatio, no dul fa laimh easpuig, Luc. Fid. 3688 . Cf. Siluestar ap na cathrach / eirg fo [a] laim ar is rathmar, Fél. 46.29 (where however penance may be intended).

fo láim in the power of, at the discretion of: baí sé seachtmuine ina othairlighe fo lamhaibh legh, AFM vi 2116.2 . tug Dia fád láimh féin lesúghadh do thabhairt uait nó gan a thabhairt, Mac Aingil 3521 . fuair bás fánar lámhaibh, TSh. 5591. Hence subordinate to: guibernōir ar leith fo lāimh in ierla uassa, Fl. Earls 96.14 . Of swearing : gebatsa a luige fó láim Chiaráin by C., LL 274a16 ( SG 416.5 ). lúghu fo láim rig Caisil `by the hand of', Leb. Cert. 70.3 .

(d) FOR. for láim x beside x: asber fris suide for láim Findabrach, TBC-I¹ 1532 ( LU 6001 ). robéosa fort láimsiu, Fél. Prol. 273 . fer buí for láim Airt, ZCP viii 310.7 . Cf. alaile for laim n-ainsedo `another agreeing with(?) the accustive', Ml. 23c21 . Hence of possession, control: nach raibh ar láimh ní fa nimh in his possession, A. Ó Dálaigh 1(50) 10 . do bhí ar a láimh é d'fheithimh it was in His power to watch it, PBocht 21.33 . a bailte móra ar a láimh, Rel. Celt. ii 182.14 . do-beir for láim places at the disposal of: dos bert for láim Eogain, IT i 81.20 . tug a' Gen. na caisléin an boili ┐ na braighde ar lāimh a' Ninntius, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 46.13 . an tan tug ar láimh na heaguilsi eochracha cengail ┐ sgaoilte cháich, Mac Aingil 179 . Note also: beir an dall ar láimh libh `take the blind man by the hand with thee', A. Ó Dálaigh vi 9. Of imprisonment: do cunnbhad ar laimh é gur fháguibh a dheic bhliaghna fichead d'aois, Rel. Celt. ii 162.21 . do bhi an ri san nam sin ar laimh aga naimhdibh .i. Parlameint Shagsan, 202.31 . Cf. dan-indnacht ar láim `by the hand', Blathm. 90 § 3.

(e) FRI. fri láim on behalf of, deputizing for: is e Niall . . . ro gab rigi nErenn . . . acht cheana is é Brian ba tuairgnid catha fri[a] laim side `in his stead', RC xxiv 180.7 . tigerna airthir Connacht fri lāimh a athar acting for his father, AFM ii 836. 10 . With difft. meaning: nochar gabhadh re lāimh T. T. was unassailable, ZCP viii 225.2 . nech padh calmai fri laim imbertai cloidib when it came to swordplay, RC xii 72.22 .

(f) I: gaib id lāim mo fāesam airtho undertake, TBC-I¹ 409. i láim captive, subservient (to): i láimh atú i ttalmhain, Dán Dé xii 7 . minic mē a láim acc dreasaibh, KMMisc. 352 § 7. do marbad U. isin lam-sin `captivity', Ann. Conn. 1270.7 . mé mar bhráighid bhíos i láimh, Dán Dé iii 32 . Aedh . . . do bí illiamh (leg. illáimh) sa chaislén, AU ii 466.18 . grádh mná 'ga bhfuilim i láimh, Dánta Gr. 8.5 . is fiacha i láimh / na féich ar a bhfuil admháil as good as paid, L. Cl. A. B. 162.13 . do thuaslucud chimmeda bai illāim oc ríg qui erat in vinculis apud regem, Lat. Lives 80.11 . Also in pl.: ro gabad annsin Marcus Crasus, ┐ tucad il-lámhaibh é docum airechta na Partecdha, CCath. 136. Also with gen.: cá láimh ataí, a rioghain? I láimh Anadail mic Rí Conchend . . . ar sí, ITS v 54.8 . tugas grádh éagmhaise d'Eoin . . . / 'na láimh tharla an rí [dá] réir `he can make the Lord obey him', PBocht 27.1 . caide . . . an bean i rroibe mo mac sa laim (na laim, v.l.), TTebe 2125 . tuc i lláim Michil . . . in imerci sin, Ériu iv 118 § 36 . With same meaning: a leith a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

In extended sense: ón bhan-óigh do bheith im láimh / budh dáigh breith ar anóir [uainn] my winning regard is likely, the Virgin being on my side, Dán Dé xxiii 39 . do bhí sise im láimh gach laoi she has always been by my side, 40 . beid go luinneach im láimh thall `shall be active for me' (of saints), xxv 69 .

(g) IMM: atbert int aingel friu ni de min do chummisc doib ar an im . . . arna toitsitis an aes penda immallama die on their hands, Mon. Tall. 73.

(h) SECH: léim sech láim false leap(?) LL 307a12 ( SG 386.23 ). nichat léicfider sech láim (of a sword) thou wilt not be laid aside, RC xx 12 § 21 . ná léicetsom sech láimh neglect, LL 301a48 ( SG 373.y ). ? conralta dibh sech laim, Anecd. ii 63.10 .

(i) TAR: tar láim. In oaths by: dar láimh do chinn ┐ do choise, Gadelica i 44.302 . dar láimh Moling, Ó Bruad. i 54 § 5 . tar láma(ib) in spite of: ro chongaibh an Breifne gan baoghlucchadh tar lamhaibh a chomharsan, AFM v 1804.15 . Legal: i slanuibh dochuaidh an duine . . . ┐ tar a lama tecar . . . tiachtain tara lamuibh, O'Curry 393 ( H 3.18, 220a ). tiachtan fo'n cundrad tar do láma `in violation of thy security', Laws v 508.16 Comm . is e dogab Eirinn dar lamaib Chormuic uí Chuinn (ni th[ar] a lamhaib dogab uair fa gilla og Cormac an tan sin), CGSH § 142 n. k-k​ .

V Adv. phrases. a láim i láim from hand to hand : á tinnacul a llaim hillaim, Ml. 96d6 . l.¤ (láim) ar láim equally balanced : dá mbeith an ní láimh ar láimh / idir Eoghan is Conn cáidh, Content. xviii 35. Also: comhraicis Iollann ar a' traigh / Maghnus lamh ar laimh `hand to hand', Duan. F. ii 326 § 31 . d'óenláim together, unanimously : d'oen láim, LL 296b30 . érgit slúaig Ulad innáig / ┐ a n-ardrí d'oenláim, 299a1 ( SG 368.1 ). nach maithfidhe le Dia dháibh / go ria a n-aithrighe d'énláimh, O'Gr. Cat. 467.4 . fo láim secretly: co ndechaid fein as fo laim, Ann. Conn. 1278.6 . maidhm for Maghnus dana ┐ é fén do dul [as] fo laim `secretly effected his escape', AFM iii 452.17 . gabais reime fó láim for lergaib in tsléibe `privily', SG 381.2 ( RC xiii 92.20 ). l.¤ fri láim side by side : in cailli selga noghabhdais dosreathdais 'na uirtimcill lamh fria laim, Marco P. 89. Note also: lecit sírthi fo cricha na Camandi ┐ in lamh ag aroile dhibh `keeping near one another', Marco P. 10 . (ó) láim do (co) láim one and all : do chuala a chloinn láimh do láimh, DDána 46.10 . leis na haingle ó láimh go láimh, 38.20 . tucsam lughi lámh do láimh / fian meic Cumuill einechnair, Acall. 1443 . l.¤ tar láim: do chuirsead fós lámh tar láimh clú a bh-feadhma ar fud an domhain `upon all hands', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.17 .

cacha láma (láime) on either side : secht cumala gacha laime go tri nonbura, Laws iv 234.9 . annam lend aithled cecha lama itiaid-siu, LL 286b15 . Gall faoi ┐ Gall gacha láimhe dhó, Ériu i 87.14 . gadaidhe gach láimhe leis, Dán Dé xx 24 . breac beó gacha lámha leis / dála an dá eó nír indeis, IGT Decl. ex. 2135. Cf. in literal sense: do bheredh cend gacha láma would take a head in either hand, Caithr. Thoirdh. 75.30 .

In nn. pr.: Lām-fri-hēc, Mug láma, see Corp. Gen. Lámh Ghábhaid, Cóir Anm. 280 . L.¤ Luath, Acall. 7476. Cf. Lám áed `hand Aed' (as nickname), Trip. 200.7 .

COMPDS. With nouns: ¤aire, see separate article. ¤anart napkin : teagh budh lonnraighe lámhanart, Studies 1924, 244 § 22 . ¤arm, used of small weapon which a warrior took to bed with him for use in emergency: lámh-arm gach laoich ar a leabaidh, ML 76.10 . ¤brat: lambrat gl. mantile, Sg. 172a3 . gl. gausape, 128a1 , 3 . ¤bréit towel : nipsa lambreid lamhglanta, Anecd. ii 60.7 . ¤bró handquern: ni meath log-einech ar ithlaind ┐ lambroin, Laws v 88.11 Comm . ¤chartad ` masturbation ' O'Dav. 1474 . in sesmac pectac imorro le lamhcartad dogeibh a toil, BCrólige 29 . ¤chlaideb: cen arm occaib . . . acht lamcloidmi becca bidis ina lamaib, BB 439b2 . ¤chloc: iseal a treoir in tan is lamclog (gl. aistreóir), Laws v 22.8. Comm . ¤chloch: gebid lamhcloich do lár thalman dar bo lán a glac, TBC-LL¹ 1181 . ¤chomart clapping of hands in grief, lamentation : darindidar lam-chomairt mor ┐ nual-guba dearmair, YBL 147b8 . lámchomairt . . . ┐ basghari do mathrechaib, LB 141a3 . lamcomairt .i. basgaire, O'Dav. 1193 . oenach ina lamcomarthae in quo ignis ┐ tonitru similitudine die judicii. ind lamhcomart hi feil Michel dianepred in tene di nim, AU i 240.1 - 2 (A.D. 771) = AFM i 370.15 . in chantaicc Solomon ┐ ind Lámchomairt libuir Ieremiae Book of Lamentations, Hib. Min. 26 § 186. ¤chongnam: gan lāmh-chongnamh ar doman, Fl. Earls 72.15 . ¤chor: lámhchara .i. lamhchora .i. cur láimhe ar ní, O'Cl. (cf. BB 419a25 below). corugud (sic leg.) cach cuaille iar n-uachtar, ┐ lamcur doib co nach urfaema in (sic leg.) talam `they are pushed down by the hand', Laws iv 112.11 . dorinne lamhchur air laying on of hands, Keat. iii 1603 . ¤chorrán: rolá . . . lāmhcorrán iarnaidhi [uada] d'fastudh na luinge `grappling-irons' CCath. 2083 . ¤chrann. Of part of a harp: olc a l. olc a corr, Measgra D. 7.121 . ¤chruit: a lámh-chruit do leiséaghuinn, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 115 § 12 . ¤déraigthe (cf. 1 dérgud). In phr. ar feis leptha ┐ láimdéraighthe in cohabitation : do berdais a ndaermná (sic leg.) ar feis lepta ┐ láimhdhéraidhthi daib, ZCP viii 545.21 = TBC-LL¹ 1738 - 40 . is and sin ro ḟaietar (sic leg.) in lánamain sin ar feis leaptha ┐ láimhdheraighthi, Acall. 821. Cf. 7842 . ¤día household god, idol : tuc lea lámdeo á athar (of Rachel), SR 3016 . beir leat t'athair Anachis ┐ do mac ┐ do bean ┐ do laimdea, Aen. 578 . tabhraidh láimhdhia chugaibh, ┐ adhraidh dhó, Keat. i 142.43 . ¤dóe (dóit): lámdoti na laechraidi, LL 235a22 ( TTr. 1345 ). ¤écht: an t-iarla ó Lúcan . . . / triath is iomdha láimhéachta, Ó Bruad. iii 144.z . ¤fheidm manual effort : tar lám-fheadhmannaib na laoch, ML 46.26 . ¤ḟile: Feidhlime Ruadh . . . / gá togha is dírighe do luadh gach láimhfhile poet with a patron(?), Hackett² 43.4 . ¤ḟrestal: láimhfhreastal sámhghasda saoitheadh, Hackett² 28.234 . ¤ḟritheolad: do láimh-fritheoladh Choncubhair `to deal with C.,' CRR² 82.x . ¤gaí: gur tholl an lamh-gai an luireach, MR 286.1 . ¤gésca twig : lamgesca mora, RC x 74.3 . ¤glanad: lambreit lamghlanta, Anecd. ii 60.17 . ¤glés wringing of hands : mor lámchomart ┐ láimglés . . . fógensat cumala, Alex. 389 . ro crochtha oca he isin laimgles doroindi, YBL 172b18 = SG 74.4 . ¤lecc: imbertside na lamlecca foraib, LU 4966 ( TBC-I¹ 479 ). ¤nert: re cumas láimhneirt, Oss. iii 264.14 . ¤maide: na soighde, ┐ na lámhmhaideadha, Ezekiel xxxix 9. ¤raite by-road, secondary road : madh for laimraitib beacaib, is i nde randait, CIH v 1549.37 . lamraiti .i. iter di sligid 'by-road, i.e. between two highways' EIF 538 . See also ¤rót(a) below. ¤ rinda: lamrinda nó luathrinda .i. ligatura inter diversas picturas gl. plectas ( 1 Kings vii 29 ), Thes. i 1.30 . See lúathrinde. ¤rót(a) (? properly ¤raite, perh. confused with 1 rót, rota) by-road: lamróta .i. iter da ṡligid, Thr. Ir. Gl. 38 = lāmrotae, Corm. Y 1082 = lomrottea, laimroitea, Corm. Bodl. 36.38 . lamhrod .i. ród láimh le ród eile, O'Cl. mad for rot mor . . . mad for laim raitib becaib, O'Curry 2004 ( H 4.22, 31 ). ¤scaíled manumission: mic mhuinntire, ar nach déantar lámhsgaoileadh, TSh. 5121 . ¤scíath small shield : tú ar láimh-sgiath lá an ghuasochta, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 4. trí chéud láimhsciath, 1 Kings x 17 . ¤scor: gursad . . . lúthmhar ar lámsgor `till our hand teams are . . . spirited', CRR² 62.12 . ¤smacht: na mic nach bí sgaoilte ó lámh-smacht a n-aithreach, TSh. 5122 . ¤thapadh: tuc in t-iarla lamtapadh laechda . . . fora cloidim, ZCP vi 274.32 . As name of Conall Cernach's shield: Lamthapad Conaill Chernaig, LL 12508. ¤thargair .i. oirchi beg no mesan `i.e. a small hound or lapdog', O'Dav. 1153. Cf. lamtairrṅgir, O'D. 2226 ( Nero A vii, 152b ). ¤thoca. As comic n. pr. Lonidh mac Lamthoca, Anecd. ii 55.x , perh. for ¤thoccad. ¤thomus lit. hand-measurement : tugador dhá fhorghomh . . . do na leabhar-armaibh lámh-thómais with their weapons at arm's length(?), ML 136.7 . ¤thorad handiwork, what is produced by weaving, sewing, etc. as opposed to frithgnam: abras . . . .i. lamt[h]orud inailte, Corm. Y 90 . ben lamtoruid `a woman of profitable handicraft', BCrólige 31 . leath do mnai a etach no lamtorad snithiu handiwork consisting of spun material (of what is due to a woman when separating from husband), Laws ii 372.15 . See Thurn., ZCP xv 340 - 1 . See also sníthe. As comicn. pr.: Lenn ingen Lamthora (Lamthoraid v.l.), Anecd. ii 56.2 . ¤thúag: lámtuag gl. hoc manuale, Ir. Gl. 857 . ¤thort. Fig. of warrior: lamtort n-irgala uae beolaig Bressail, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 22 § 2 . meic Labradha lamhtort n-irghalach, LL 393a54 .

With adjj. (many of the follg. are applied to individuals as sobriquets). ¤daith nimble-handed . Of Cú Chulainn: an lāmdhait[h], Fianaig. 42.y . ¤derg: Lugaid lámderg, MacCarthy 176 § 6 . RC xx 136.20 . Frequ. of Leinster and Leinstermen: ri coicid lámdeirg Lagen, CRR 26.7 . DDána 100.26 . ¤des: Loarn laimdheas, Todd Nenn. cv.z . As n. pr. = Manus Dextera, Reeves Ad. 136.z . ¤dóitech. As comic n. pr.: Lámdóiteach mac Lethircind `Wristy-hand', MacCongl. 77.22 . ¤échtach: Mac Lugach [lámechtach], Acall. 227 . re Lúghaidh lámhéachtaicc Lágha, Flower Cat. 401.z . ¤ḟíal: ó C[h]orc . . . lāimhf[h]īal, Ériu ix 177.4 . ¤ḟind: Lugóir . . . lámfind, LL 2428. As n. pr. Láimhḟionn is Lámhghlas, Keat. ii 523 . ¤ḟota: is hé . . . leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400. In n.pr. Lug(aid) Lámḟota: airemh Logha Lamhfoda for na Fomhoraibh, TBC St. 570. As nickname: Osbrit lamfota, BDD 116 . ¤gel: Lughach laimgheal, Duan. F. ii 72 § 22. Fiachaidh láimh-gheal, ML 86.24 . ¤garb: Mani L., RC xiv 426.10 = xxiv 276.16 . ¤gerrtha: laochraidh láimh-ghearrtha, TSh. 6610 . ¤glan: a degmic lāmglain Lūachāin, BColm. 50.17 . ¤glas: Láimhḟionn is Lámhghlass, Keat. ii 523 . ¤grod: go lámh-ghrod dian, Oss. iv 132.22 . ¤idan: d'Aengus Laimhiodhan, Anecd. ii 37 § 2 . ¤licthe: nadh bi lamlicthi (of a food-rent), O'Curry 880 ( H 3.18, 393b ). ¤nertmar: go m-biadh sé láimhneartmhar go leor, Oss. iii 268.19 . ¤rúad: Lugaid Lamruad, RC xx 136.24 . ¤thapaid: ina laem loinrech lasamain lamthapaid, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . go leidhmheach lámhtapaidh, AFM vi 2072.15 . ¤thenn: fear láimh-theann, Oss. iv 110.2 . ad lamchara laímhtheanna . . . bar trenmilídh, BB 419a25 .

With vb. gaibid in artificial formation: nondalámgaba gl. mancipare, Ml. 43a2 .

nathair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nathair or dil.ie/33000
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: nathir, naithr, naithir, nathrach, nathir, nathir, nathrach, nathracha, nathrach, natraig

n k, f. in O. and early Mid.Ir. generally nathir. The quality of the medial consonant varies: n s. naithr, Tur. 129 ( Thes. i 493.24 ); naithir, Hy. v 6 (reading of T). naithir, IGT Dec. § 120. g s. nathrach, ex. 1883 . A snake or serpent, generic term; of a venomous snake, often n.¤ nime: nathir, gl. anguis, Sg. 6h13 . gl. colubra, 181a5 . ind nathir , gl. natrix, 69a11 . g s. cenelae nathrach , 114b4 . amal nathracha bodra, gl. sicut aspides surdae, Tur. 11 ( Thes. i 485.19 ). nem nathrach (venenum aspidum), Ml. 33d10 . nathir Moisi fuabrad cath | fri nathracha na ndrúad, SR 3857. denaid nathraig n-umaide, 4162 . co mbruth dracon co n-anāil nathrach, TBC-I¹ 966. la dá natraig , LU 3748 = SCC 34 (a du.). in nathair nemi ré n-abar serpens, PH 7674. bésti ┐ nathracha, 7587 (n p.). oc nathrachaib nime, 7589 . dobicfat . . . nathraig lúamnig flying serpents, Ériu ii 196.4 . a richt nathrach dom naithrib in the form of one of my serpents, Ériu iv 112 § 8 (< Bk. of Fermoy). amhuil naithir nimhe, Proverbs xxiii 32. do rinne Maoise n.¤ nimhe do phrás, Numbers xxi 9. nimh na náithreach, Job xx 16 . naithreacha neimhe, TSh. 3072.

Fig. Of persons in both positive and negative sense: nathir ar tuaichle ┐ treabaire fri maith 'a serpent in sagacity and prudence towards righteousness', Betha Adamnáin 62.258 ​. cridi nathrach 'heart of a dragon', B. in Scáil² 47 § 57 . nathir cach ben, gríb cach ingen, ZCP viii 196 § 15 (sign of degenerate times). nathir mad sādal sērech (the cleric is) a serpent if fond of ease and good cheer, vii 298 y . n.¤ nimhe an ocrais, Keat. Poems 1208. n.¤ ionghuire a himill guardian dragon of her border (of a chief), Ir. Monthly 1920, 108 § 8 . Conchobar . . . n.¤ neme na nGaidel, Ann. Conn. 1403 § 4.

Prov. naithair a [= i] cris a serpent in the bosom (of one fair but false), ZCP vi 267 § 5. ba laum [= lám] a net natrach . . . cor fri sluag na Fomoire , RC xii 96 § 127 (of a dangerous and futile attempt). ba lám i nnet nathrach . . . insaigid fair, LL 225b8 . ro ergiset Conall ┐ Eogan . . . ropsat láma i nnet nathrach, LL 304b20 = RC xiii 92.4 (robo lam, Lec.). Aen. 751.

nathair im ceann (leg. imchenn) two-headed snake (a mode of writing in which one half of the line is the mirror image of the other), Auraic. 5821 ; Éigse xxiv 37 . bricht nathrach Nede (name of a metre), IT iii 103.1 .

srath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. srath or dil.ie/38756
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: sraith, sraith, srath, sraith, sratha

n [orig. o, m.? But d s sraith, Alex. 873 ]. Later also sraith. srath (na habhann) m. (g s. sraith, sratha), IGT Decl. § 38 (87.11) . See Dán do Oide 335 .

(a) grass, sward : i s.¤ gl. in gramine, Thes. ii 46.21 . graig óir budi and fri s.¤ `on the sward', Imr. Brain 15 . moscing srathu careers across grasslands (of a horse), LU 8669 ( FB 50 ). in talam cona sraith trit no lomm `Grasschicht', Alex. 873 . selaig srathu Fomoire cut down Fomorians like grass (?) (`die Talgründe der Fomoren', as in (b) infra), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 6 § 1 . ? da grúad chorcra cainiu s.¤ , IT i 80.13 ( LMU 18 ).

(b) valley, bottom, meadow or grassy place near a river , etc.: dus in fagba sliab no s.¤ | no iath forsa tarrasad, SR 2551 . buair Muman gach baili | . . . | forrollscadh fo sratha | comdar data duibe, BB 375a17 = for ratha, Metr. Dinds. iii 218.35 . tar sraith Banna an bhruaigh ghil | tug dhá chreich, L. Cl. A. B. 158.149 . s.¤ d'faigsin isin Imleach | gan an sraitsin sibheinnfliuch, IGT Decl. ex. 1012 . sgor seng ar srathaibh na Múaidhe | lachain chenn n-úaine ar gach n-áth on the meadowlands of the Moy, ex. 1009 . gach s.¤ gach áth gac[h] abhann, Dán Dé xxv 22 . ? tuir dhíoghuinne . . . | 'n-a srothaibh corra ar n-a gcar | do chlochaibh troma an talmhan, DDána 75.25a . dochuaidh . . . for sraith na tiopraidi (`brink'), BS 28.16 . rothoirinn for sraith an topuir, 82.17 . ar shraithibh ┐ ar shíth-ghleanntaibh Innbhir na Bóinne, CRR² 70.5 . co rainic se s.¤ Saighre (n. loc.?), BNnÉ 113.10 .

(c) In chevilles: fri sratha slanaeb, SR 54 . srethaib s.¤ , 135 . co súidib s.¤ , 3227 . diargaet Mumu mīlib s.¤ | isin chath ic Cell Osnad, ZCP viii 118 § 28 .

(d) fine, tax : saor ó shrathaibh gan tabhairt air chios uaimse, O'Rah. (1900) xlvii 4 . dorinneadar iomchasaoid de bhíthin neamhchomhthruime gacha sratha ┐ gacha íoca dá mbíodh ortha, lii (291.9. 1911) . a's ní dhíolfam feoirling leo, cíos ná sraith, Munster Poets ii 108.16 . More usually sreth in this meaning.

Compd. ¤fhíadach: ag sraith-fhiadhach . . . ar lochtaibh a chomharsan `hunting widely' (Gloss.), TSh. 1620 .

Common in nn. loc. See Hog. Onom.

See sreth.

1 teine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 teine or dil.ie/40385
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tain, tainid, tened, tein, tened, tened, teinidh, teined, tene, tene, tened, te(i)n, ten, tein, ten, thein, ten, ttin, tein, ten, tein, teinid, tenid, tine, teine, teni, te(i)ne, tene, theinid, thene, —thenti, tenta, teintiu, tinnti, tented, dteinteadh, tennte, téndtib, tentib, teintibh, tene

n t, m., later also f. Also tain in some old exx.: in tainid , Ml. 96c11 . tened: claideb, LU 9356 . tein: rom-ain (sic leg.), ACL iii 6.17 (see KZ lix 4 ff. Études Celt. iii 78 . KZ xxix 379 ). Masc. in a few early exx. only: g s. in tened , Ml. 76b7 . 146a2 - 3 . BDD² 1372 ( na tened , 1222 ). in teinidh , AU i 240.5 . in teined , Ériu iii 140.187 . ii 134.7 , 15 . uiblech tened trichemrúaid, LU 8663 . ? tene ... cuici, Mon. Tall., 136.15 . But tene shoinmech, Corm. 6 Belltaine. na tened , PH 7732 , and so regularly in Mod. Ir. See also IGT Decl. § 4 (47.z) .

There is also a short d s. te(i)n: ho ten , Ml. 31d4 . assin tein , Thes. ii 318.4 . asin ten , Lib. Hymn. 102.4 . ó thein co fraig, BDD² 313 ( then, 325 ). a ten , BColm. 58.8 . i ttin , AFM i 172.y . Also occas. in n a s. cen tein , SR 1475 . rígh loiscfes ten , RC xvii 133.11 . ó Thaltin i tócab tein , Metr. Dinds. iii 50.31 . n s. also teinid, Trip.² 646 . tenid, Mon. Tall. 157.10 . g s. tine, Aen. 144 . teine, TSh. 1999 . cabair an teni `lochdach,' IGT Decl. ex. 240 . a d s. te(i)ne, SR 314 . Laws v 298.11 . CCath. 3721 . DDána 58.2 . TSh. 391 . san tene `lochdach,' IGT Decl. ex. 241 . a du. dā theinid , ML² 1140 . n du. dá thene , Corm. 6 Belltaine. n p. —thenti, IT i 190.30 (LB). teinnte, PH 6324 . tenta, TTebe 4272 . a p. teintiu, BDD² 1433 . tinnti, TTebe 3876 . g p. tented, 2252 . Aen. 270 . dteinteadh, TSh. 5608 . tennte, Todd Lect. vi 36.4 . d p. téndtib, Corm. 6 Belltaine. tentib, Fél. Prol. 39 . teintibh, TSh. 8230.

I

(a) fire: tene, Ml. 38d 15 - 16 . tene ... du ebirt du gnúis dáe `in calling the face of God fire,' 40c6 . huan tenid, 104b5 . áne thened, Thes. ii 355.18 . nín loiscfed tene, SR 1505 . is hé tene na súla, in mac imlesen, SCC 17 ( IT i 210 ). oc béim tened, BDD² 480 . oc atúd tened, 488 . ? Cf. teinnei beim, Ériu ii 4 n. 67 . fó cach tan tene `fire is good at any time,' Tec. Corm. 16.99 . do delbais in taebsa (sic leg.) ... | do thalmain 'sdo theinid bī, ACL iii 242 § 7 . a deathach dē do bithgrēs | gan tinidh and (a miracle), ZCP v 24 § 15 . an drúis is t.¤ fa talmhain, Dán Dé xxxi 34 . ag fulang na t.¤ ifreanda, TSh. 1999 . gur ghabh in tempoll in t.¤ , Cín Lae Ó Meall. 11.12 . do chuir tine san tigh barr, 24 . tré theinidh on fire , SG 5.26 . luaidhe gach mhúir ... tré ghoirmtheinidh, Aithd. D. 4.4 . dartaid i crann nairidi do thein for burning a rear lintel (?), Laws iv 312.y Comm. beantar teinte a taobhaibh cloch `sparks are struck,' Content. viii 12 . In proverbial expressions: ba haigedh go tenid cor fri sluag na Fomoire isin lō sin (of a dangerous undertaking), RC xii 96.18 . ba luamaireacht idir dhá theinidh don áird-rígh a theasargain, ML 80.y . Of feelings, passions: do-loiscset do thenid na drúissi tempul Dia, PH 7429 . éin-spréidh do theine na hantoile, TSh. 391 . Note also: mían mná Tethrach a tenid, LU p. 124 n. a . Droncherdach co teinm a t.¤ (name given to himself by Néde in Colloquy of Two Sages), RC xxvi 20.8 .

(b) a fire, fireplace, hearth: lar .i. tene, Thes. ii 232.11 . loiscis in garmain ... | for tein, 346.1 . icon tenid, Corm. 35.5 . cen tenid, SR 1891 . bla tene tellach no aithine, Laws iii 264.1 . t.¤ bithbeó (requisite of mruigfher), Manners and Customs iii 486.4 . etir tenid ┐ fraig, Thes. ii 293.3 . ar sin brunnid breo di thein, LL 145a40 . Midhi ... ro fada teinid fri clandaib Nemid ... conid on tenid sin roadnad gach primtene i nErinn, BB 356b4 . t.¤ ar n-a fadágh fearg Dé, DDána 58.1 . ? nacha concloth ní Fergus cluinte co teintib bláthaib, LU 6632 . ? bid mé in tere mór | is ma thene ram thaéb (gl. .i. Lonan), 9906 . teinnte (of volcanic fires), Stair Erc. 1771 , 1798 . nír léiccsiot ... t.¤ do shaighidh champa an Iustis ` fuel ,' AFM vi 2280.20 . Hence frequently hearth, home, habitation: i log do airgsean co feis, co nadogh, co tein co naitreib, Laws iv 20.2 . ro hinred Mumain ... gu na rabi teag na teni o Lui fodes, Cog. 30.8 . bidh hé in treas tine, nach tím, | bhias fá dheireadh i n-Erind ` i.e. the last inhabited place but two' (of a castle), Leb. Cert. 228.y and note. Metaph. of persons: teinid toídlech co ngrís goirthe (of Patrick), Trip.² 646 . in teni laigtheach (of a tribe), Cog. 54.3 .

(c) lightning: in tainid ┐ in torainn `the lightnings and the thunders,' Ml. 96c11 . Mac Dē rom-ain (sic leg.) | ... | ar toruinn, ar tein, ACL iii 6.17 . teinte eisriata an aeióir, TD 4.23 .

II Attrib. g s. as adj. pertaining to fire, fiery, blazing: iar n-ár thened tar cech mag, ZCP xiii 374.15 . bandea tened gl. Vesta, Sg. 53a14 , 15 . aedh .i. tene ... .i. bandee (tened) quod ipsa est Vesta .i. bandee thenead, Corm. 2 . la bledh-mhaidm be tenedh ` lightning ,' ZCP xvii 154.4 . caor teinegh `a ball of fire' (from heaven), BNnÉ 111.4 . i carpat dian dergthened, SR 7136 . ilar casrach ṅgarb-thened, 902 . aingel Dé ... | cona chlaidiub derg tened, 4796 . cluí thened fiery nails, LU 2188 ( FA 27 ). assin dabaig thened, Fél. Ep. 540 . tairmchell dáil tenid leó, LU 8217 (FB) =tened, Eg. ( IT i 259.z ). tuccad in dún fo dluim ... dergtened, Cog. 80.2 . 'na dragún taidhbhseach theiniodh, TD 1.35 . frāech tened ar tengthaib fiery rage (?), ACL iii 241 § 13 . in gilla tened, SG 245.9 . na tonna ... | 'na morcaibh troma teineadh, TD 4.22 , see 1 morc. muir tened, LU 2173 ( FA 25 ). múr tened, LU 2220 ( FA 29 ). tuc ... troim-nēll teinedh tar in tīr, ML² 313 . rop ném thened tír Húa Néill immi `a sky of fire ' (note), BDD² 240 . See ném. di phlágaib tened, Thes. ii 256.11 . pian ... tened, PH 6398 . for richessaib ro-thened (of hell), LU 2416 . saegnen tened thunderbolt , TTebe 2092 . a lama i cuibrech o shlabradu tened, PH 2107 . sruth tened, LU 2236 ( FA 30 ). rodasaer is't[sh]urnn tened, SR 7392 . i dtoig theined a burning house, O'Gr. Cat. 400.13. See tech. dia rostarmchell ... | tob tened, SR 7388 . See top. tor teneadh tricheimruaidhi `a tower of red-rushing fire,' CCath. 943 . co n-dracaib, co trillsib tened foraib, IT i 191.11 . uiblech tened fiery sparks, LU 8663 ( FB 49 ).

III With foll. attrib. gen. etc. of particular types of fire: is dea longais tene n-aonbēime, ZCP viii 102.7 . tene an aonbeime .i. Aodh, Anecd. ii 52.1 . Cf. Ériu ii 186.6 and oc béim teined supra. t.¤ aeil lime-kiln: tene-aeil i faeil (=fuil) sesca traighedh ar cach leth, AU ii 144.1 and note= AFM ii 1076.9 . sgela na teinedh áoil, ZCP x 16.7 . tene bratha ` fire of Doomsday ,' Mon. Tall. 129.36 . attáit tenti carthind fires of mountain ash, Ériu iii 140.187 . tuc aichne for in t.¤ caismberta ` signal-fire ,' CCath. 3721 . tinnte cnámh is ráfladh is ragairne bonfires , ZCP v 212.278 (Midn. Court). t.¤ chresa flint and tinder (? lit. fire carried in the girdle, fire obtained by circular friction, see Desid. Gloss.): teiní creasa gl. igniferrium, Ir. Gl. 720 . t.¤ chreasa `a circle (sic leg.) fire,' Eg. Gl. 651 . teine-chreasa cloch ┐ spongc dochum teineadh do bhuain, Desid. 268 . teanlamh .i. tene láimhe .i. t.¤ chreasa, O'Cl. Also metaph. in phrase t.¤ fri (i) cris fire in the girdle of great (? sudden) fear, anger, etc.: biat ecla ria Cass | amal tein fri criss, PRIA iii 550 § 30 (= LL 147a35 ). t.¤ i gcrios (`flash from flint,' `i.e. unstable resolution,' note), Dán Dé xxxi 19 . Cf. gurbo tene a cris ┐ a craidi do Chonn sin, ┐ gurbo comfhadōd fīcha ..., ML² 1124 `it was a fire in the girdle,' ML 81 . t.¤ Dia erysipelas, ignis sacer: a naigid na tinedh Dia .i. na nescoidi re nabur ericipila `ignum sacrum,' Rosa Angl. 214.6 . efrempila .i. teni dhiadh, ACL i 337.133 . t.¤ fhiadh or dhiadh ` wild fire or wild scab ,' P. O'C. t.¤ do aitt, diaitt, diad (di áitt) etc. lightning (?); destructive fire (?), Celtica iii 265-67 : Ard Macha do loscud do thenid d’áit, AI 172 (s.a. 996.4) . Luimnech do loscud do thenid d’áit, 252 (s.a. 1096.8) . Caisiol do losccadh do th.¤ do aitt, AFM ii 984.6 . Cealldara do uile losccadh do thene deaith, 792.13 . tene diait, AU i 502.15 . do theinidh diaitt, 544.1 . t.¤ dhiadh an toirn teinntidhe sin, TSh. 6700 . a-táid ar tí bhar dtiomchail | ... | mar thiomchall na teineadh diagh | a-deireadh fhionn-chlann Uilliam (`the circle of smoking fire'), Aithd. D. 39.13 . co tainig t.¤ Dé do nim, Todd Nenn. 82.10 . ? To this: tene dia nó oirclech gl. flemen, Sg. 96b1 . See 1 dé. tene feth .i. focol co n-imdergad ` fire of speech ,' (name given to himself by Néde in Colloquy of Two Sages), RC xxvi 20.4 . t.¤ geláin lightning: trethan tarbech ... amail tenid ṅgeláin, TTr. 602 . tene gelan ┐ gaeth isin bliadain sin, RC xviii 27.4 . Cf. tene geallain `blazing fire' (requisite of a fer forais), Manners and Customs i 318 n. doronni tenid n-idbarta a sacrificial fire, TTebe 1931 . t.¤ iffirn hellfire: do suthine tine iffirn, Aen. 144 . do-rat aingel Dé ... tenid námut ... for Asardu, PH 8415 . t.¤ di nim lightning: ind lamhcomairt hi feil Michel dia nepred in tene di nim, AU i 240.3 and note. t.¤ raitte `a fire of bracken,' BNnÉ 81.33 . roaslaigh Deman fair in tene senta ... do bhadudh `the hallowed fire,' Lism. L. 4425 . sraibtine do nim .i. sraib tine no sruaim tine ... .i. in tine saidhnain, Laws v 192.13 Comm. t.¤ shinnaig phosphorescence on decayed wood; will o' the wisp (fox fire): lán mo chlera-sa do theinid sinnaig `rotten wood,' Hib. Min. 77.5 . cid fodera sund cose | soillsi 'sin crund is brenche .i. dia roéirig Críst asa adnocul, ised rochét: saltair for crann crín, ut est tene shinnaig, Eg. 1782, 53b2 cited Hib. Min. 80 n. 3 . as tine shindaig sechtair (of one deceitfully fair), ZCP vi 267 § 6.

Compds. ¤chenn fiery head: in dā crithmhīl dēc cosnaib tenedcennuibh uasdaib, Ériu ii 110.10 . ¤chlár (ship's) galley (?): ar teineclar na luinge, Stair Erc. 929 . ¤chuairt fiery circuit: roth escai ┐ tenedchúairt gréne, Ériu ii 116.9 . ¤folt: alius de illis rufus nó tenefolt (? sic leg.) redhaired (?), Thes. ii 236.11 . ¤grís: teineghrís gráidh, Content. xxix 4 . ? ¤gleir: tengleir fria tollscud, ACL iii 294 § 6 . ¤muir fiery sea: cuairt insin frisi ngaire tenedmhuir, Ériu ii 122.y . ¤rend fiery star: da nem ... assa toidet tenedrind, Ériu ii 110.4 . ¤shliab fiery mountain: toaitne ... a tenedhshliab, Ériu ii 124 § 75 . Cf. Ériu xiii 184ff.

1 tír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tír or dil.ie/40940
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tíorthann

n s, n. Later m. and f. ( IGT Decl. § 45 ). Later inflexion: tíorthann, Ezekiel 5.5 .

I

(a) earth, ground (opposed to water): tīr i.e. a terra , Corm. Y 1251 . bai for tir co tirmugud, SR 1686 . co fáoi .ix. n-oidhci la cach mnoi for tir tartha, Dinds. § 5 . mac in trebthaig issin (cusan, cusin v.ll.) t.¤ , Ériu ix 48 § 27 . a Dé doní in muir | a Dé doní in t.¤ , LU 9870 . cuiridh na tulcha isna fantaib corop t.¤ flat, arable land, RC ix 16 § 4 . a t.¤ buic `in soft land,' Laws iv 130.18 Comm. dotháet dochum tíri, TBFr. 210 . fosceirdside issa t.¤ súas in slig, 236 . íar t.¤ dochuatar, iar muir tancatar, PH 7038 . fáiltighis tonn ┐ t.¤ roime, ML² 536 . ba fāilid muir ┐ tīr da thoidhecht, 1582 . ro gaibh tīr ocus caladhport, RC xxvi 272.14 . gur ghabhadar t.¤ i n-oileán, Keat. ii 517 . ar tir on land , Fl. Earls 58.9 .

(b) portion of land: is ed tīr insin bas óenach cluchi dod claind-siu céin bes flaithius hi Temraig, ZCP xiii 372.21 = is í an tīr sen, iii 459.3 . ba mór leo do t.¤ aurland Temrach they thought the green of T. took up too much land, Ériu iv 124.5 . is i rogha rugsadar cuairt: trian da thir ocus gusna hearnailib bide malle ria, Laws iv 216.20 Comm. atait tri tire aile nadat usa for Feinaib na breithamnaib do tinntogh, v. 428.2 . do teit fer tiri co fiadnaib leis owner , ii 120.24 Comm. comnattacht tir a athar fair, CRR § 53.

(c) territory, province (cf. talam I (c), (d)): in rí conic aingliu | is coimmdiu cech thíre, Fél. Prol. 160 . ni mesa indas talam for tire si, Ml. 34a5 . [trúagh] sin, a magh mBregh mbuidhe | a tir n-alaind n-adguide, AU i 438.21 . cen a t.¤ i fail do rúaim, Hail Brigit 26 . t.¤ ṅdorcha ... dianid comainm Iffern, SR 871 . i tirib anheoil, 3180 . dar mór tíri, dar mór tuath, 5474 . cinnas in tíre doráncamar ? t.¤ ndúaig n-úathmar, TBFr. 385 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea, BDD² 262 . cía raghas dond éitseacht isa t.¤ , 438 . Temair ... imme, maith an t-āighi | suides flaith cech tiri, ZCP viii 108.2 . lacht ┐ iascc, mil is mes | in cech t.¤ thuaith ┐ tes, 109.4 . atád trí tuatha 'na t.¤ | cíos no cāin ní dlegar dhíbh, 116.14 . na treba ┐ na tirthi, ML² 90 . uair gērbo tenn in teidm sin in gach t.¤ eile a n-Erinn, dobo mó isin Mumhain hé, ML² 92 . do dhealbh ar rí-ne an mhuir mór | do shnoigh na tíre gan tál, DDána 42.31 . a-tá re hathaidh d'aimsir | 'n-a t.¤ dhorcha dhoghailsigh, 73.3 . na cúig tíre im Fhonn nUisnigh, 107.25 . na tíre a téighe sna tráighe | míne réidhe áille iad, IGT Decl. ex. 1155 . díbh a rí cál ar críchne | trí tírthi san n-ágh uáighfe (lochdach), 1243 . san bhferann mín cráobhach gcrosach | a t.¤ bhráonach dosach Dé, 1245 . lucht an tire, Fl. Earls 92.22 . do mhuintir na tíre sin, Rel. Celt. ii 178.7 . ar tholchaibh uaigneacha na tíre, TSh. 6033 . ? To this: fechtas dolluid rí Eoganachta for tiri hi crích ┐ hi cendathaig n-aile, LU 1649 = for creich ┐ innrud ilchennadach, Immrama 26.9 . ? Leg. for creich tīri.

Sg. (and sometimes pl.) with following gen. of description: dús in rista t.¤ na mban Land of Women, Otherworld , Imr. Brain § 30 . ní chían co t.¤ inna m-ban, § 60 . dodeochad-sa ... a tírib beó áit inna bí bás nó peccad Land of the ever-living , LU 9996 . oc ascnam tíre tairṅgiri inna mbēo Heaven , Wb. 11a19 . cu bhfaghbhu-sa faeilti ac muinntir nimhe i T.¤ na mBeo, Lism. L. 2578 . do chorcair tíre na finn country of the fair, SG 239.38 . a tírib na Fomóire , BDD² 918 . a tir mac nisrael, Hib. Min. 92 . tir na nóeb Heaven , SR 575 . Lobhais, righ Franc, ┐ Ioán a mc. d'éc ac dul isin Tír Naímh 'Louis, king of France, and Johan his son, died on their way to the Holy Land', AI 370 (s.a. 1270.10) . go righeam tair ais go T.¤ na n-óg, Oss. iv 240.z . dia lot i tir Sgāidh (: lāim, cf. ZCP ix 234 n. ), Anecd. iii 54.20 . ag bainrioghain Tíre an tsnechta, RC xxix 126.2 . ríghdhacht tíre an tsnechta ` Livonia ,' Maund. § 7 . t.¤ tairngire, see tairngire (b). co rup hi a fhirinde ┐ a chumachtu fógnus det-siu isin t.¤ tall in the next world, PH 2773 . Of actual countries: cathraig tíre iudae insin, Ml. 17c10 . gabais Mac Con t.¤ mBanba, RC xiii 466.12 . co mboí i tírib Connacht, Aisl. Óeng. § 10 . atdob-rarbadse a t.¤ Hérenn, BDD² 416 . do c[h]lochaib tíre na h-Innis, ML² 1481 . a tírib hIndia do, PH 820 . clár buidnech mar th.¤ Temrach, Metr. Dinds. ii 46.4 . rop nem thened t.¤ Húa Neill immi, BDD² 240 . Hence people of a territory: do bhátar an tir uile i naoinionad, Misc. Hag. Hib. 36.29 .

II With qualifying adj. or gen., of measures or kinds of land: t.¤ mbó measure of land: is ed t.¤ mbó la Féniu insin, foloing .vii. mbúu co cenn mblíadnae, Críth G. 92 . t.¤ claidim land won by the sword: isse dorigni t.¤ claidimh di ar eigin, Cóir Anm. § 76 . `gebid óen na tire' ... `Ca t.¤ as assu lat do thabairt dunni ... co ndernam t.¤ claidim dé,' LL 333a42 . t.¤ cumaile measure of land: ceithri bai fichit ar tir cumaile don etham is ferr, H 3.18, 3 24 ( O'Curry 662 ). da forraig dec i tir cumaile dia fot, se foirrge din lethet, ma beith ina toimsib techtaib, Laws iii 334.22 Comm. ocht traiged fichit ┐ .vii. ced (ar míle, add. later) troigh fod tiri cumaile, H 3.18, 490b ( O'Curry 1224 ). ocht traighthi fichit ara a x. ┐ cethre fichit do fichtib traigh a fod tire cumaile ┐ a leith dia lethat, 651 ( O'Curry 1466 ). tir cumuile og na ogaireachuibh ocus tir cumuile d'imarcuidh ag gach gradh o tha sin co righ tuaithe, Laws ii 12.14 Comm. tir cumaile oc na ocairechaib, tir da cumal ac na boairechaib, H 3.18, 332 ( O'Curry 681 ). t.¤ ndibaid coitchinn land of a deceased person which reverts to the fine: tir ndibaid coitchenn , Ir. Recht 7.25 . intan is tir dibaid coitcinn tainic do cum na fine, is amlaid ranntar hi, H 3.18, 478a ( O'Curry 1199 ). t.¤ ndiguin inviolable land: sé ba i n-oen athghabáil ina thir diguin, O'Dav. 1185. t.¤ domaisi ? : `tir domhaisi' cach sliab slán, Metr. Gl. 3.7 . t.¤ dúthaig homeland: seacht dtroighe mo th.¤ dhúthaigh, PBocht 21.1 . t.¤ linde the land of the pond, part of mill: tir linde, Laws i 124.18 . tir linde .i. aenraed .i. bhis i n-ind in ena in uisci, 140.16 Comm. t.¤ mór mainland: iter Toraig ┐ t.¤ mór, BCC 104.8 . t.¤ tretholl hollow land, churchyard: t.¤ tretholl .i. relec, ACC § 93.

III In adverbial phrases

(a) is tír, in, into the land: Doirb is Maeith is Cuma in comlaind | comanmann mac Tlachtga is t.¤ , Ériu x 77 § 12 . ┐ nir gabsat do thenn istir acht mad sin nama, Ann. Conn. 1276.2 . Aed mac Torrdelbaig do athrigad ┐ Mac Branain dia tabairt istír, 1353.4 . tuc leam hi is-tír-so, PH 231 . aithris a ndearna is t.¤ thall, Aithd. D. 29.26 . suairc an sgéal-sa tarla is t.¤ , Dán Dé xxix 12 .

(b) In phr. do-icc a dt.¤ lands: is iad Clanna Mhíleadh tug an t-ainm sin [ar Éirinn], sul rangadar i dt.¤ innte, Keat. i 100.67 . iar dteacht i dt.¤ dóibh i dtuaisceart Éireann, 212.55 . tig an leac tre lár na mara | leat mar budh clár tana i dt.¤ , PBocht 10.46 . go ttāngatar ... a ttīr sa fFraingc, Fl. Earls 24.14 . Hence survives, exists, subsists: féuch féin ... an éidir leat teacht a tt.¤ gan an ní, Desid. 5647 . na neithe as riachtanas damh dochum teachta a tt.¤ , 1220 . é féin do thabhairt a tt.¤ (he) to live, 6953 . a teacht a tt.¤ ar smeara, F V 3, 116 ( Gadelica 64.39 ). baintreabhach ┐ dílleachtaidh tigheacht i dt.¤ air gach lá, ITS xvii 167.1120 . uim úr eolais an sceoil se thig i dt.¤ which is coming to pass, xviii 112.1 . Also tugaid i dt.¤ spends, passes (time): thugadar a n-aimsir i dt.¤ i bhfochair an Rígh ag muirn agus ag macnas, ITS i 164.2 . tugamaid an chuid eile dhar saóghal a tt.¤ anois mar a diarfadh gach duine againn do dhéanadh, Gadelica 65.9 .

Frequent in placenames, see Hogan Onom. .x. treith tire iacih, Ériu ii 4.7 =Tīr Īath Tiree , Wortk. 160.

Compds. tírfhrecor, tírfhrecuirthe (?).