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Dairblinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dairblinn or dil.ie/14258
Last Revised: 2013

 

npr. f. Fél. 228. 5 : .iiii. filiae hIeir .i. Dairblinn ┐ Dairinill ┐ Coel ┐ Comgall (v.l. Darbelinn Franc. MS.). Darbellinn, LL 364 f , v. Darbelin.

danó, dano

Cite this: eDIL s.v. danó, dano or dil.ie/14616
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dā, dano, dana, daniu, daneu, dano, dono, dana, danau, dā, dā, dō, dano, dono, dona, dana, dāa, dōo, denu, doná, nú, dno, dna, d, do, no, dono, dano, dana, denu, dā, dno, no, dno, no, dā, No

sō: da-nō, Ir. Gosp. Thom. § 22 . shō: 'nō, DDána 175 § 29 . 'nó, LL ii 11121 (TBC) . See Ériu liii 139: of unknown origin in spite of Zeuss 1005, n. 3 . Perhaps da-no, da-nu, cf. co-nu, ACC 66 , nu, ib. 11 , and BB 318 a 33 : dā .i. da nui insein; daniu, Cambr. (modelled on didiu? daniu: danu = didiu: didu); niu the dative of ní in Mil seems a late form and should not be compared. It is worth noticing that in the Enchir. Aug. 85 a ( ZCP vii 485. 6 ) Lat. denuo is glossed by nuu. The oldest meaning of dano is that of denuo ` anew, again ' (e.g. Mon. Tall. 149. 26 ). All other meanings arose from this.

A OLD-IR. Usually written dā = dano or dana.

daniu, Cambr. 37 d .

daneu, Cambr. 38 a , 38 b .

dano in full, Wb. 5 c 12 , 5 d 23 , 9 c 10 , 32 c 2 ; Ml. 43 a 22 .

dono in full, Wb. 2 d 10 , 8 d 5 , 7 d 16 .

dana in full, Wb. 5 c 18 . Elsewhere always dā in Wb.

danau, Ml. 37 a 8 .

The 8th century MS Cín Dromma Snechta had dā.

B MID.-IR. Usually written dā, as in Old-Ir., and dō.

dano in full, Laws i 26. 22 ; 28. 17 , 25 ; 242. 18 .

dono is the usual form in the Laws; always nó dono; (nó dō); in full RC xi 446, l. 55 ; Laws i 236. 20 (cid dono); Death-tales of the Ulster heroes § 4 ; Lib. Flav. 16 a 1 . 2 .

dona in full RC xi 444. 1 .

dana in full, ScM. 17 ( IT i 105. 5 ), H 3. 18 ; TE 13 ( IT i 127. 4 ), Eg. dana supported by the rhyme Acall. 3852 .

dāa, RC xi 444. 1 f.b.

dōo, Laws i 8. 1 .

denu in full RC xii 72 § 44 , Harl.; dē, ib. 86 § 93 .

doná, AFM iii 34. 3 ; 34. 14 ; 38. 10 ; 40. 6 ; 48. 11 ; TFrag. 8. 15 .

nú (: Lúachrú; no, v.l.), Three Historical Poems, 112 q.23Aa .

Syncopated forms:

dno in full, Thes. ii 308. 5 (Preface to Fiacc's Hymn; but dā, 307. 4 , 9 .); ib. 325. 7 (Preface to Ultan's Hymn, Franc.). Laws i 112. 1 ; 220. 8 - 16 ; v 368. 9 . CCC § 2 LU (v.l. dā). TBC-LL¹ 3756 ( LL 86 a 37 ). LL 34 b 31 (: rempo). BB 109 a 20 ; 353 a 31 ; 296 b 51 ; 322 a 14 , 19 , 21 , 22 (most frequent in this MS). Hib. Min. 15 (l. 51 , 58 ); 18 (458) ; 40 st 3 (Rawl.). RC xii 100. 1 ; 108. 1 (Harl.); ib. 108. 11 ; 92 § 122 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 58 § 12 ; 72 § 43 . ZCP iii 227. 21 (Harl.); 249. 10 ; 228 § 3 ; 237 § 27 . ACL iii 2. 5 . Anecd. iii 25. 16 . dā = dno supported by the rhyme, LL 8 a 39 , 144 a 9 . dō = dno supported by the metre, ACL iii 297 st 60 , H. 3. 18.

dna in full: Laws i 20. 7 . RC xiii 377. 8 (H. 3. 18), v.l. dā. ScM. § 19 Harl., v.l. dā. Cog. 160. 25 . TFrag. 148. 11 . AFM i 470. 10 f.b. ; iii 110. 17 ; 118. 1 .

d, TBC-LL¹ (LL) 2298 ; ib. p. 179 n. 3 (Stowe-MS). ZCP iii 249. 25 ; 251. 4 . Lib. Flav. 26 b 1 . 43 . RC xii 66 § 33 (Harl.); ib. 72 § 44 ; 74 § 53 ; 98 § 131 . Hib. Min. 15 (l. 53) , 18 (l. 449) .

do, RC xii 104 § 149 .

no (short `o,' cf. below; nó, LL 90 a 3 = TBC-LL¹ 4318 ; cf. no rhyming with dó, BB 297 b 42 ; written l-, LL 55 b 27 = TBC-LL¹ 200 ): TBC-LL¹ (LL) 437 , 2826 , 2835 , 2839 , 2911 , 2914 , 2948 , 3167 (?), 3239 , 3647 , 3745 , 3753 , 3756 , 3885 , 4241 , 4261 , 4305 , 4322 , 4332 , 4343 , 4355 , 4365 , 4392 , 5018 , 6023 . CRR § 7 l. 9 ( LL 172 a 1 ), § 9 l. 8 ( 172 b 2 ), § 14 l. 5 , § 25 l. 6 , § 34 l. 2 , § 41 l. 4 , § 46 l. 7 , § 51 l. 11 . LL 57 a 33 , 91 a 54 , 101 a 2 , 172 b 48 , 175 a 42 . BB 46 a 19 , 269 b 51 , 297 b 42 (= IT iii 12 § 21 ). Laws v 368. 17 (? ar is ón no darcid inn[d]omon do duiniu).

for `dni' AFM v 1552 read didiu ( dī, Aut. MS fo 87 a ).

Of the Old-Ir. forms dono arose from dano, as ocus from acus, under the influence of the u-shaded `n.' At the time of the Würzburg Glosses dano was still kept distinct from dono, the latter being used after interrogatives apparently as an enclitic, without accent: ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . cepu dono, 7 d 16 . ce dono, 8 d 15 (cf. cid dono, Laws i 48. 24 ; 54. 3 f.b. ).

The syncopated Mid.-Ir. forms dno, no retaining `o' show that also in Old-Ir. the stress fell on the ultimate, as dano stressed on the penultimate would have given Mid.- Ir. dana. The Mid.-Ir. writing denu ( RC xii 72 § 44 , cf. dechum, debert) points in the same direction. Compare also the writing doná in the FM. In poetry the accent falls on the ultimate:

Acall. 3852 : mairg dadhair don luing dana. nachasainic Tonn Chlidna.

The syncopated form is often used in poetry for the convenience of the metre. It appears in several poems ascribed to poets of the 11th and 12th centuries, e.g.

LL 144 a 9 : Almon rathuit artús dā (dno leg.) i nEtail ra Troiano.

(a poem by Giolla an Choimdhedh Ua Cormaic of the early 12th century).

LL 8 a 39 : anmand tri mac Nemid dā (dno leg.) Luach Cessarni ┐ Luachro.

(poem by Tanaidhe Ua Maoilchonaire †1136; v.l. no, BB 46 a 19 ).

LL 34 b 31 : i ndáil fer talman sund dno [labrad] (cf. l. 43 ) lá is aidchi rempo.

(poem by Cúán O'Lothcháin †1024).

Further in a 10th-century poem from Rawl. 1 a 1 , Hib. Min. 40 st 3 :

fuilriud már guin dóine dno ocus plág for pecthacho.

in Fingen mac Flainn's poem on the Fir Arddae from the middle of the 9th century, ACL iii 297 st 60 :

ní mandingentar dno dóibsium dál ndrong ndelech.

and ICM st 188 :

atchitis dno (sic leg.) triasan tor sin forsin dorus atreab nálaind &c.

This brings us back to the time of the Codex Sangallensis; whence it follows that dno, though not occurring in any MS older than the LU, belongs to the Old-Ir. period.— No was developed from dno in Mid.-Ir. time. It seems impossible to fix the date of this development accurately. The appearance of `no' in old poetry, as BB 46 a 19 , 297 b 42 , is no test, as no might be a late substitute for dno. The fact that the earliest instances occur in the LL points to the 12th century. In Mid.-Ir. MSS dā, dno, and no go hand in hand. The spoken form was dno, later no; but the traditional writing dā lingered on for centuries in the MSS. No is found in MSS from the early 13th to the 15th century, when it became obsolete. The FM write doná, dana, dna, purely literary forms. In the Annals of Ulster the particle does not in any form occur after the year 1204 ( AU ii 242. 2 ).

In Mid.-Ir. no syntactical distinction is made between dā, dno, dna, and no. The particle is never placed at the head of the sentence, but can, apart from this, occupy almost any position within it. It follows stressed and unstressed words, and appears particularly often after emphasising particles, a circumstance which contributed to the syncope of the first syllable. It gives a certain emphasis to the accented word immediately preceding. The following is a synopsis of the most common positions of the particle:

(1) asbeir daniu ind apstol, Cambr. 37 d. torchratar no muinter Fintain, LL 91 a 54 . bemmini dano, Wb. 9 c 10 . mathidsom dano, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . dogénsa no, CRR § 9 .

(2) abi mogasi dano, Wb. 27 c 17 . (is) maith dano, ib. 33 a 5 . bat roumal dano in fer sin, Mon. Tall. 159. 2 . is ferr dano lais, ní haurcuil dano lais MT.

(3) issí dano, Wb. 19 b 12 . issed dano, Mon. Tall. 136. 13 et pass. cipé no, TBC-LL¹ 200 .

(4) (a) uait no, CRR § 7 . dóib no, TBC-LL¹ 3239 . (b) is samlid dano, Wb. 21 b 2 . etrunni dano, ib. 12 b 12 . forthusom no LL 172 b 48 . uaimse no, TBC-LL¹ 4305 .

(5) is annsin dano tanccatar, BDD 151. 7 . intan dano, ib. § 162 . on uair dano ronuc, Laws i 18. 11 .

(6) a forbi tra dano, Mon. Tall. 128. 7 .

(7) after a noun in all cases except the vocative: nom. in hilur dano asberr a rind hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73 a 11 . gabtha díberg dano la suide, BDD § 41 . Diarmait dano abb ĺa lais, Mon. Tall. 153. 17 . acc. nicodoes mír feolai dano, Mon. Tall. 129. 22 . gen. cend Ferchon Longsig no, LL 80 a 44 . bóisom ic fechadh a bhráthar no, TBC-LL¹ 3885 . dat. do díb lethaib no, LL 175 a 42 . da saigid no, TBC-LL¹ 4261 .

Dā, no (&c.) is a particle mainly employed in principal clauses, though both in Old- and Mid.-Ir. it also appears in secondary ones. Already in Old-Ir. often = didiu, trá. In Mid.-Ir. MSS the interchange between dā, dī, tra, and imorro is quite common; cf. Windisch's note IT Glossary 467 . dā, LL 316 b 28 = dī, BB 133 b 9 . Particularly common issed dī = issed dā, nó dī = nó dō.

I adv Also, further, in addition, besides, as well, too , as a further point or circumstance tending in the same direction. Often with 1 ocus, acus, íarum, íarom, íaram, iar tain, beus, olchena, opp. cétamus Mon. Tall. 136. 23 .

A In the apodosis or main clause, preceded by a subordinate clause expressing:

(a) comparison : amal gnís tra Críst in iustis...is samlid dā gniith demun in filiís defidentiae thus, too, worketh the Devil in f.d. Wb. 21 b 2 . amal as hiress ronóib Abracham nitat gnīma rechto issí dā robnóibsi it also has sanctified you ib. 19 b 12 . amal bete som i nimpudiu inna brithemnacte bemmini dano, ib. 9 c 10 . amal durígni inna gnímu sechmadachtai dugéna dā innahí tairngir hisa todochide, Ml. 50 d 10 . amal it dá lebur fichet it dí litir fichet dā, ib. 2 d 2 . Cf. ib. 69 b 3 . amal as messe dudaforsat inna dúli is me dā bæras mes firian foraib, ib. 94 b 7 . amal nách forcenn libuir...ní forcenn libuir dā, Hib. Min. 22. 6 . Cf. also: amal file oentid eter baullu coirp duini conroib óintu etrunni dā hore ammi corp Críst, Wb. 12 b 12 .

(b) condition : acht robæ quies et tranquilitas regibus bieid dā dúnni a ndede sin, Wb. 28 a 23 . dóecastar i mbí hinun folud bís indib ┐ a cétnide. mad inun is óinrann dā if it be the same it is also one part (of speech), Sg. 188 a 6 . madh tochus cin innrucus nama ┐ maith do dénum de as letheineclund dono beos, Laws i 54. 3 f.b. Cf. also Wb. 14 d 24 : intí dia ndílgidsi dalugubsa dā, where a relative clause takes the place of a conditional one.

(c) time : o adcuaid...a ndorigeni Dia airriu de maid asbeir iarum dā arandathidisom di maith, Wb. 21 d 11 . ho imrordai nech didiu isind [ḟ]recdairc...in tairsitiu adchí dolbthai dā iarum he also afterwards feigns it PCr. 64 a 1 .

(d) cause or reason : hore...adib cretmich infectsa cretmech dā for cland, Wb. 10 a 6 . huare techtas nerta is cóir dā iarum cobsaide oc díten a muntairai, Ml. 85 a 4 .

(e) concession : v. V (a).

B In principal clauses repeating the verb of the preceding clause, with or without `ocus'; also, again . Type: dorochair Laimidon...dorochratar dā forgla ríg ┐ taísech na Troiana, Aen. 18 .

(a) cop.: ishé som doradchiúir ┐ ishé dā as taidcricc it is he also that is the ransom Wb. 2 b 9 . ished ón immurgu as fír et is fír dā esséirge omnium post sé , ib. 13 b 23 . is oc frecur céill dæ atáa (sc. mo chland) is occa dā attósa, ib. 29 d 6 . ropo do Dáil Chonchobair dosom ┐ rop ed dā do máthair Brigte, Thes. ii 325. 4 . is misiu ém dorat...is me dō rothairmisc, TE § 13 Eg. ropa cridiscél dam cédamus ...ropo cridiscél dam dā...┐..., Mon. Tall. 136. 23 . ba hamnus muirn na curud...amnus d an tarneuch ruboi and, RC xii 98. 17 ; cf. Ériu v 238. 5 . conid desin...is de dno hence also RC xii 106 § 162 . indligid don fechemain apad... indligid dō don bidbaid a élod sum im dliged, Laws i 114. 20 . isé rothomais ótha esca co gréin...isé dō rothomais, &c. , ib. 28. 11 , 14 .

(b) subst. verb: cach genitiu dichoisin ataat indib in dí chéill se sís. atá dā hi `sui,', Sg. 209 b 29 . bátar Ulaid oc ól i taig F....bái dā ben ind F. oc airiuc don tṡluag, IT i 67. l. 3 . atá...atá dā, RC xiii 458 § 56 . ar atát foruis...atá dō forus, Laws ii 128. 19 . dáig atát na .uii. Mani...┐ atúsa com thegluch no, TBC-LL¹ 437 . atá limsa for M. buaid cluaisse. ata limsa dā for M. A. buaid rodeirc, BDD § 48 .

(c) other verbs: ut Paulus ait...ocus asbeir daniu ind apostol, Cambr. 37d . rohucad airechas inna Rómæ co Constantinopoil. rucad dā a ainmm, Sg. 174 a 1 . Cf. ib. 73 a 12 (in hilur dā = is in h.d). rodelb iartin dluma in talman...rodelb dō na hocht ngaetha...rodelb dona datha na ngaeth, Laws i 26. 27 , 30 ; 28. 5 . dorimchell (v.l. rothairmcheall) rígusciu Hérend ria matain...toróchell (v.l. dorarmchell) dā prímlocha Hérend r.m. before morning he had also travelled to the chief lakes of Erin BDD § 155 ; ib. § 95 . tarlaic...dosléicimse dā, IT i 101. 16 . sadais ind snáthaid fo thrí inda dernaind co toltnadar na trí srotha folæ asind láim...saididsiom dā ind snáthat...co tultatar dā, &c. , he thrusts again the needle into her hand Mon. Tall. 149. 26 . dorad M. ocht fichtiu bo don Choimdhigh. dorat dā baile ic Drochat Átha, AU ii 130. 8 ; cf. also 130. 6 . asbert... asbert dā, RC xi 450. 130 . dogníth side na harma...dogníth dō L. soer na crondo...dugníth dno C. cerd na semonn, RC xii 92. 1 f.b. , 94. 4 . ícais an gilde den indel cétnæ...ícais d an gille d.i.c., ib. 68. 7 . focres forrai dno dus &c....focres forra d dus..., ib. 72 § 44 . dorochratar a trí comlín leo ┐ torchratar no muinter F., LL 91 a 54 . issed atberat som ...asberat dā, ib. 125 b = Ériu v 212. 2 . is amlaid tánic som...is amlaid tánic in Mane Andoe no, TBC-LL¹ 2826 . atbert cend cach ḟir díb bara lííc ┐ atbert cend Ferchon Longsig no bar lííc, ib. 2914 . táncatar rempo...et tánic no Fiacho, ib. 2948 . rachúaid dóib...dachuaid dóib no, &c. , ib. 3239 . Cf. also ib. 4299 - 4322 ; 2911 . atraacht C....atraacht trian slóig Ulad laisium no, CRR § 34 1. 2 ; ib. § 9 (rogniad... daronait dā). adorcradar som ┐ torcramar dō and we too are fallen Acall. 3174 . Cf. ib. 3399 (dō). roíarfacht didiu di araile cidh dorala dó...roḟiarfacht dā dḟir aile in cétna, Cóir Anm. p. 320. 6 f.b. genfidh ón ḟir sin ┐ ót ingin siu rígradh na hEtaile ┐ genfidh dō uaidib airdrigh na huili domun, Aen. 1519 . dochoncadar arna rindad fuath na Trai. rorindad and dō dealb in chatha...┐ rorindad ind dō amal rochathaig P., ib. 312 ; further exx. 256 . 326 . 477 . 568 . 1780 . gaeth mór...rothrasccair railghi. rothrasccair doná sé fichit crann i nDoire C. C., AFM iii 38. 10 . AU ii 192. 8 (dō).

C In principal clauses introducing a new predicate with or without `ocus.'

(a) the sentence introduces an additional action or condition of the subject of the preceding clause, the subjects being the same: robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forro leusom ┐ roptar inducbaidiu de dā apud Deum, Ml. 47 a 17 . dobir cros dit sailiu for óchtar do chinn ┐ dogní a tóirand sa dā .U. fort chiunn, Thes. ii 249. 4 . rochúm [Día] in firmaimint imacuairt uime (sc. in talam)...rodelb dō iartin dluma in talman, Laws i 26. 25 . in mét dona fuil ó thalmain coruice suide (sc. in firmamint) issed dono fuil ó thalmain sís co fudomain ifirn, ib. i 28. 18 . rofiarfaig iarum don corrguinech dús cia cumang gonanacair... imcomaircidh dno den deogbori..., RC xii 82. 1 . Amenicán imráidim ┐ dno cóin innláidim, ACL iii 2. 3 .

(b) dā introducing a new subject and a new verb. The sense of dā becomes more emphatic, the statement being strongly marked as additional to what has been said before: further, besides, moreover . cum manu sapere plena fuerit .i. no rapere fit in aliis libris ┐ is manus dā bís indib, Ml. 36 b 2 . inna aithissi dombeirtis som fornni batir athissi dā daitsiu a Dæ, ib. 90 d 17 ; ib. 40 a 15 . dagnítis dā int Ṡabindai aní sin, Sg. 28 a 10 . sed etiam in accentibus, gl. biid dā comaitecht ceneuil do chenéul i naiccendaib, ib. 75 a 7 . is and ba hadaig for feraib Uloth. feraid snechtae már foroib dā (dno LU) CCC § 2 , ib. § 31. 4 . ní déntar ceth crosfigill...etar dí nodlaic. mathid som (i.e. Maelruain) dā and salmu aurnaigthe do chetal, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . canir dā biad fri aitherruch aidchi lúoin. cantir dā salm aurnaigthi aidchi ndomnaich...fogní dā ailli mési laissom (i.e. Maelrúain) aidchi lúoin, ib. 131. 6 - 9 . is ferr laisiom dā he thinks it better, moreover ib. 161. 29 . is ferr dā lais, ib. 147. 27 ; similarly: is aurchail lais dā, 164. 14 . ni haurch. d.l. 143. 18 ; 161. 26 ; cf. also the common phrases issed dā is chóir (is maith, is dóig) la (or issed i. c. lais dā), ib. 134. 11 , 16 ; 148. 8 ; 161. 21 . Other exx. 136. 13 ; 143. 2 , 3 ; 161. 13 .— fochairt iarom for tech nand ... imarnic dō fri oclaig naile, RC xi 4461. 50 . birt roth leis ond óclaich... dobert dono uball dó, ib. 4461. 55 . ar ba fáith si dā she was also a prophetess ib. 4481. 81 . inor aodhar imbe ised dē uchtlebar, ib. xii 86 § 93 ; cf. 72. 19 . ronaisceatar fomoraig a cíos for Érinn...dobretha d na trénfiræ a foghnam dou, ib. 64. 1 . ┐ atrubairt dā in fer cétna riss and moreover the same man said BDD p. 152 . dorónsat baindea muiridhi dia longaib ┐ roiadh dō mórṡluagh na R. do leith tíri, Aen. 2348 . dorala dō olc ele and moreover, another evil happened, ib. 484 . loisccthear Slicceach leo. romarbad dana mac Corbmaic, AFM iii 362. 9 . tucsat ár for gallaibh...domilltea dō Laigin leo, AU ii 164. 7 ; 130. 8 .

D Often in the sense of `too' (`also') immediately after nouns and pronouns (or emphasising particles): domini, quod iustum est seruis praestáte...et uos dominum habetis in caelo .i. abi moga si dā atá for coimdiu i nnim ye, too, are servants Wb. 27 c 17 . cid sisi dā ronfitid ni, 15 c 28 . si totum corpus oculus, ubi auditus, gl. bid corp són dā that, too, will be body, 12 a 27 , cf. són dā, 18 d 2 , 25 c 11 . duber som ainm fíno dun pláig duber[r] for nech ( 77 d 3 )... duber ainm fína dusuidiu dā he gives the name of wine to that too Ml. 77 d 4 . uetustissimi...`plerus plera plerum' (solebant proferre), gl. robói són dā leo this, too, they had Sg. 75 b 4 . ruc som fuil ṁbic uaimse no from me, too TBC-LL¹ 4305 , 4318 (nó). corocherddainse no mo búraig ferge that I too may LL 176 b 26 ( CRR § 41. 4 ). dober comermitin féid fris fessin ┐ fri deacht maic dā do dóinacht mac, Ml. 127 d 10 - 11 . cum Clemente .i. dalte Petir. rachomalnastar sede dā he, too, had fulfilled it Wb. 24 a 37 . Conchobar dā (v.l. dō) hissuidiu inna charput...eirrid Uloth olchenae inna carptib...Bricriu dā (v.l. dō) leo, CCC § 1 . birt macc. laír dā (v.l. dō) bói i ndorus in tige trogais dá lurchuire, ib. § 3 . in pendit...a dénam doa macc accus a sétig dā do pennait that his wife also should do penance Mon. Tall. 163. 18 . Diarmait dā lais, ib. 153. 17 . atá i rriagailib ailibh dā cosmailius fitta in other rules also, 156. 17 ; 138. 36 ; 151. 6 . gid iat Greic nomtairsidh romuirfidis me. Troianaig dō ad buidin bidbudh dam the Trojans, too, are a multitude hostile to me Aen. 458 . —In phrases like the following: isin chath sin dno robenad a láṁ de Nuadaid, RC xii 58 § 11 , the particle goes with the preceding noun (pronoun) and may be rendered by same. bói cath for Scathaig isind aimsir sin dō fri tuathu eile at that time also, at that same time ib. xi 448. 4 f.b. is inntisin dō táinic hEoan in that same year AU ii 192. 10 . sluaghadh la M...┐ is foran sluaghadh sin dā romarbadh hua hInneirghi, ib. 128. 9 . isin bliadain sin dō táinic mórgaith adhbuil, ib. 192. 5 . is annsin dā tánccatar dá prímmucaid Eterxel fón doiri at the same time BDD p. 151. 7 . —Compare also Wb. 6 b 25 : omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, gl. aratá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus. ishé side dā as éola and, where dā seems to emphasise the reference to Deus.

E Often in enumerations without a verb; espec. in the Laws and in the Annals (to introduce a new entry). cethruimi fair ar sellcecht...cethruime dona...cethruimi dono, Laws i 242. 12 . lethchumul dno ó fethemuin... lethchumul dno ó bidbuid...cumul dno...┐ cumul dno..., ib. i 220. 8 - 16 . impudh Uladh dā for Ua L....crech dō leo for Uib Bresail, AU ii 146. 17 . crech la Nial...crech eile dō, ib. i 582. 13 . maidm for Connachta ria feraibh Breifne. maidm dana re Connachta for f. B., ib. i 520. 14 . sloghadh la M...sloghad dā la D., ii 82. 4 ; 88. 18 ; 128. 12 ; 186. 21 . ithé mo thrí indroscc. giallnai do Scathaig...muinterus dā frimsa dadaich, &c. , RC xi 450 l. 127 . FB § 28 . Cf. the 12 times repeated `cia cléirech dā' BColm. 102. 15 - 103. 11 .

F ní (ná, nách)...dano nor...either, like Germ. `auch nicht.' ní lour in bendachad...ní lour dano in nebmaldachad auch geniigt nicht nicht zu fluchen Wb. 5 d 23 . ar ní cumuing side dā imfogbaidetid ná lánamnas manip tol apud mulierem, 9 d 18 . nihil enim intulimus in hunc mundum, haud dubium quod nec auferre quid possimus .i. ní béram ass dā, 29 b 15 . et uos, domini, eadem facite illís .i. nachiberpid si dā ibar cumachtu, 22 d 6 ; cf. 3 a 14 , 9 d 5 . amal nad frescat bás inna cethrai ní bí dā cida fresciso in báis etir lasna dóini so, Ml. 69 b 3 . ní díltai dā (sc. Priscianus) in cétbuid nísin leugnet auch nicht Sg. 201 b 10 . Compare RC xii 68 § 36 . Mon. Tall. 129. 22 ; 131. 22 ; 143. 15 ; 145. 19 ; 160. 4 .

G nó dano, nó dono, nó dno ( BB 323 b 7 . Laws i 112. 1 ), nó no ( BB 35 b 7 ) = emphasised nó, often interchanging with simple `nó.' or, or else . Synon. nó didiu, Fél. 2. 13 . PH 7082 . nach dú immurgu inimfogni fri foxlid nó fritobarthid dā wherever it is construed with the ablative or dative Ml. 27 c 10 . nó dō (v.l. nó itá i.e. ita), ACL iii 293. 16 . Very common in the Laws to introduce a new and different opinion. dogabar eneclann do neoch a dualgus a dhána...┐ nocha faghbar a dualgus a chinn...nó dō go fathar eneclann dó a dualgus a dhána ┐ in chinn aga nderna uirrned, Laws i 62. 2 f.b. senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní is sensus, ib. 34. 28 ; ib. 36. 2 ; 40. 7 ; 68. 5 f.b. ; 96. 17 : 106. 35 ; 108. 5 ; 112. 1 ; 128. 17 ; 130. 7 f.b. ; 188. 7 ; 228. 9 ; 250. 4 (no dō cena); 274. 1 ; 296. 1 ; ii 22. 18 ; iv 8. 10 ; 12. 20 ; 256. 8 f.b. — Aedh Uaridnach .i. uara idna tigdís dó...nó A. Fúaridhnach...nó dā uara tigdís dó, Cóir Anm. § 121 ; ib. § 142 et pass. PH 5719. 5720 . 5654 (dō).

H ocus dano and moreover: rupu accubur leu etergne mu chumachti ┐ rusmbói dā, Wb. 33 a 11 . ocus dō fon cóir cétna cidh adultrus dogneth, Laws i 56. 8 f.b. ┐ dano or si, LU 9052 . aile dano: ainm naild dō din tibroid sin Loch Luibe, RC xii 96 § 126 . Imroll aile B. E. ainm aile do no, TBC-LL¹ 2835 .

I amlaid dano thus, thus also : is samlid dā, Wb. 12 c 46 . pronomen hi foirciunn indib. robu samlid dā robói `modi huius ' hi tosuch, Sg. 203 b 5 . is amlaid dō doroimsi in ferta, ACL iii 30 § 83 . sic dō, Laws i 114. 28 ; ii 244. 14 .

Jin secondary clauses: is torbach du popul flaith firian leu .i. amal as ṁmaith dund flaith fessin dā, Ml. 90 b 11 . adcondairc...nombíth forcleith leo dā for tabairt a coibsen, Mon. Tall. 135. 19 . curo ícuit in cin dō, Laws i 60. 11 , &c. madeadh asbersa...madead asber dono , ib. i 8. 1 .

II Therefore, then, accordingly, itaque, et ita, igitur — both in principal and secondary clauses, drawing a conclusion from what has been said before. By the Irish themselves translated by ergo, igitur, ita (locus ergo, locus igitur, sic igitur, no ita ( ACL iii 293. 16 ) = loc dā, amlaid dā, nó dā). Common in the Glosses, esp. with imperative and in prohibitions, but rare in all Mid.-Ir. MSS.—

(a) si autem spiritu facta carnis mortificaueritis uiuetis, gl. ní bo líach dā a marbad killing them therefore were not regrettable Wb. 4 a 12 . is irlam ind anim do thuil Dée. todiusgadar dana ind anim do dénum maith let the soul, then, be roused to do good ib. 5 c 18 . similiter et uir sui corporis non habet potestatem sed mulier, gl. nách móided dā in fer infechtso hi cumachtu, 9 d 18 . do óis anfoirbthiu tra asrobrad insin. ná bad anfoirbthi si dā arnáp, &c., be ye not imperfect, then, lest, 12 d 26 . ní derlaichta a pecdæ doib acht duratad dígal forru. cenotad maic si raith dā ma imroimsid ní dílgibther duib, 33 b 8 . Further exx. from Wb.: 9 b 10 . 11 b 4 . 13 a 4 . 15 a 5 . 19 d 21 . 28 b 17 . —interrogemus igitur: imchomarcam dā, Ml. 18 a 1 .— vetustissimi tamen et `altera utra' et alterum utrum' solebant proferre, gl. daeltais dā foa dá nóg inna genitin they used to decline it then according to its two integrals in its genitive Sg. 75 b 3 . Setum pro Zethum, gl. biid dā sethvs pro z. Sethus then is for Z. ib. 184 a 1 . derbaid cenél dā i suidib aní remitatét what precedes them, then, certifies the gender in them, 197 b 5 . Cf. further 38 b 8 .— ní diṅgne su mo lessa afechtsa. is ferr let in fer ucut toenur. biat marb so dā (v.l. dna) limsa, RC xiii 377. 8 .

(b) in a weakened sense utpote, nempe, nimirum; videlicet; namely, to wit, that is to say, introducing an explanation or conclusion, like German `nämlich.' non enim per legem promisio facta est Abrachae aut semeni eius ut heres esset mundi sed per iustitiam fidei, gl. .i. dorairngred dā rombad oirdnide a chland ut `in semine tuo rl.' ( Gen. xxii 18 ) it had been foretold, then, that his children would be distinguished Wb. 2 c 12 . ut et ipsi misericordiam consequantur, gl. bid misericordia dano dodaessarsom nípa meritum intan creitfite it will be misericordia then that will save them when they shall believe: it will not be m. ib. 5 c 12 . Dei aedificatio estis secundum gratiam Dei quae data est mihi, gl. Pelagius: non secundum meam uirtutem .i. is per gratiam cotofutaincsi dā it is p. g. that he upbuilds you then, 8 c 16 . Dei et adorent eum omnes angili .i. it les dano indaingil, 32 c 2 . dico...quod idolum sit aliquid? .i. ní ní dā in tídol the idol, then, is not anything, 11 b 11 . Further instances: 10 b 19 . 12 d 12 . 12 d 21 (in secondary clause: arna tomontis dā). 13 a 30 . 16 d 3 (?). 25 a 29 . 27 c 34 . 29 a 28 . 29 d 1 .

Here also Laws i 74. 9 f.b. : in uime rocuiris tech andso ara tabhairt uait fecht naill? in uainn tucadh dō ar sé was it from us, then, it was taken? and Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26. 3 : ticed Celtchar da tír ar Ulaid. ticed dā ar Conchobar let him come then.

III Very common in progressive description or narrative, indicating temporal and logical sequence: then, accordingly, so, upon which, thereupon, now . This usage arose from I, the original sense ` further, again ' being still perceptible.

(a) type: perge ad Columbam. dochóid ón dā `go to Columba' (said Satan). So he went Mon. Tall. 154. 17 . ercc co Comgald co ruccæ breith fort. dochóid som ón dā, ib. 154. 9 . fó duit cia nocotailtea. lasodain dona luig Fergus ina charpat ┐ contuil `it would be well for you to take a sleep.' So Fergus went into his chariot and slept, Laws i 72. 22 . telcar (sic leg.) issin tech hí. tánicc si dā issin tech, BDD p. 155. 9 . rotficbam co port i mbia innocht...dotaet dā reompa (v.l. téit iarom), ib. § 40 Eg. raráidsetar fir Hērend ri Tamun étgud Ailella do gabáil immi...ragabastarsom no étgud nAilella immi, TBC-LL¹ 2839 ( LL 79 b 30 ). raráidset...ri Mac Roth techta go Slíab Ḟúait...táinic Mac Roth reme no go S.F., ib. 4241 . asmbert Domnall nadmbai fóisitiu forcoitil Conculaind conrissed Scathaig bói fri hAlpai anair. nalotar dā...tar Alpai RC xi 444 l. 34 . asbert fris búi glend már ara chind. oentsét coel tairis...luid dō in sét sin nísin, ib. 446 l. 60 . Cf. also: rofaoidh días do thaisccéladh forna slóghaibh... dochódar sidhe dni (sic) go mbattar i ttréchumaiscc na slógh, AFM v 1552. 1 f.b.

(b) indicating progression in general. dothaet Conaire do saigid a harm...┐ gabaid glés nimberta a arm forsna díberga...tofuitet dā sé chét lais, BDD § 143 . bátar trí ríg ...oca urnaide seom...conacces som dō rout forsa mbátar then he was seen ib. § 14 . dolluid (sc. Derbforgaill) anair irricht dá géise ┐ a hinailt co mbátar for Loch Cuan. amail robói dā Cuchulainn ┐ Lugaid laa and conaccatar na heonu, Ériu v 208. 3 . dosrat a sním mór slóig na nG. umman ní sin ┐ rotimairgit dā maithi na nG. cusan rí imon caingin sin, ib. 146. 6 . dorragab som iarum ind praind iterum. robói si dā for suidiu co cend mbliadna Mon. Tall. 149. 24 , 29 . rucad iarum do muliund Ratha Cathair fa dí ┐ foremthes a bleith and...dochuaid dā timthirid Brigdi in tres fecht then B.'s servant went a third time Thes. ii 335. 33 . scaraid dā Bricriu friu iar sodain FB § 11 . ó dochóid tar Alpi ba brónach do díth a choiceli anais dana desuidiu ó roairigestar, RC xi 444. 1 f.b. ib. 444. 1 . TBC-LL¹ 2298 . dochótar immurro uile iarsin co Telaig hUa nD. co ndernsatar ossad mbliadna ┐ fir Muman. dodeochaid dō Domnall ar fut Connacht dia thig whereupon D. went home AU ii 90.23 . táinic Murchad cu nUlltaib cucu ┐ tucsat taelcad doib. romebaid dō for Gallaib, AU i 192. 15 ; 138. 18 , 19 .

(c) introducing a new event or indicating transition to an entirely new subject: now, now as to, as for . as ar chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath. filus trechenélae martre daneu adrímiter ar chruich now there are, &c., Cambr. 38a . ib. 38b . ba cara do Patraic hé (sc. Dubthach) ...luid dā Patraic fecht co tech in Dubthaig sin now P. once went to that D.'s house Thes. ii 307. 9 . nó is Brenainn dorigne in nimmun sa...locus ergo mare tempus uero Diarmata. tánic dā B. co Brigit now B. came to Brigit ib. 324. 21 . ib. 324. 1 . intan dā robói Macc Cecht fora áltaib isind ármaig conaccai in mnái sechae now when M. C. was lying wounded on the battlefield BDD § 162 (the preceding four paragraphs do not deal with M. C.). ib. § 163 , §165 . RC xii 108. 1 . cid Tuath Dei Dononn d derochratar go már isin chath now as for the T. D. D. they lost many men in the battle ib. 58 § 12 ; ib. 66 § 3 ; 74 § 53 ; 108. 1 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 92 § 123 ; 72 § 44 ; 100. 1 ; 104 § 149 ; 102. 11 . isé dō cétní rotheip Dia asin maisi .i. in talam now the first thing which God separated from the mass was the earth Laws i 26. 22 (at the head of a new paragraph). dia té dō bidbuid i ndeaguid a athgabála tar crích now if the defendant, &c., ib. i 220. 19 . ib. 18. 11 ; 28. 23 . In the following exx. from the MT dā stands at the beginning of an entirely new passage: mad doairle sale dā ind láim oc praind imberar usci leosom iarum now if spittle falls on a man's hand, 142. 14 . intí dā arbir bith oss nallaid...non manducat, &c. , as to him that eats the flesh of a wild deer, he must not eat (any other flesh until the Easter following), 146. 8 ; ib. 128. 1 , 7 ; 156. 23 ; 160. 15 ; 162. 8 . Very common is the following type: teclaim ubald dā dia domnaich...ní fogni leusom now as to gathering of apples on a Sunday, it is not allowed amongst them ib. 145. 17 . gille dā nó timtirid ní hécen aithrigi di suidiu as for a servant, 142. 1 . aos tróg dā nád ebat amail cách now as to invalids, 147. 19 ; so also 153. 3 ; 161. 1 ; 162. 1 . Mane Mathramail dā .iv. fichit déc fo churp a ndíbergae as for M. M. BDD § 42 . filedha dana robátar isin indsi si...nicon bíth lóg enech la cach fer díb noberedh gubreth now as to the poets, not a man of them had honourprice who passed false judgment Laws i 24. 28 . in file dō cunnuid forcruid duaisi...as a letheineclunn dígbus uime, ib. 58. 17 ; cf. ib. 62. 11 f.b. ; 30. 14 ; 22. 11 ; iv 50. 1 ; v 368. 9 .—Cf. also: araile ancarae robui hi Cluaoin maic Naois...hé dā hi luibri galar now he was infirm with disease Mon. Tall. 155. 5 . slógad la Domnall i nUlltaib. Ulaid dō i Craib telcha i llongport, AU ii 62. 8 . Here also the common phrase loc dā as to the place (of the hymn), it was: loc dno Duma ṅGobla, Thes. ii 308. 5 , by the Irish themselves rendered by `locus ergo (igitur),' ib. 324. 20 .

IV In commentaries, glosses, or explanatory notes repeating the word or phrase which is to be commented on. Syn. tra, didiu ( Cóir Anm. § 225 , 226 ; RC xi 442. 18 ; BColm. § 6 ). ┐ Raith Guthaird a loc, comm.: Raith Guthaird dō is airi atberur as to R. G. it is so called &c., Laws i 2. 8 . senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō is óní is sensus ciall, ib. 34. 26 . Colmán macc Daráne. Colmán mac Daríne dō .i. siur máthar do Cholmán Dairíne, Fél. p. 172. 31 . Mo Senoc Mughna dā .i. M. darbile mór, &c. , ib. 258. 15 . Luighith dna .i. Hith robo lughu na athair, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 2. 1 . Daire Fine dā .i. duar ḟine, Cóir Anm. § 68 . Also in parenthetic remarks: Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in nimun sa do Patraic. in Fiac sin dā mac eside meic Ercha now that F. was son of Mac E. Thes. ii 307. 2 . Cf. BDD p. 153. 16 . RC xii 108 § 163 . BB 318 b 34 .

V However ,

(a) in concluding sentences after a preceding concessive secondary clause. Syn. camaiph. cia fudama in firián ní du imnedaib hisin biuth frecndairc sóirfithir dā in céin naili dā (one dā is superfluous, but both positions are allowed) he shall, however, be delivered the other time Ml. 68 d 14 . ciasu du Duaid adfiadar isin titul immeairc són dā Ezechiæ though it is to D. that it is ascribed in the title, it is suitable, however, to E. ib. 72 d 9 . With camaiph: ciasidruburt frit tuas `alter utra'...robói camaiph la arsaidi `altera utra,' Sg. 75 b 2 .

(b) however, but ; the addition introduced by dā is opposed to what precedes: intan conucbad in nél nobíth immun aírc migrabant filii Israhel hisuidiu. intan dā nunanad in nél hísin nogaibtis som dúnad hisuidiu when, however, that cloud used to rest Ml. 83 a 4 . aimrit imorro Dairíne clannmar dō Sanct a siur but her sister S. was prolific Fél. p. 172 § 31 . co fil in firmamint na trénbrat gemnaide im talmain co trí nimib ┐ co trí nime impi. in .vii.mad imorro rocertad i trí nimib. ní hé dō sin sosad aingel this last, however, is not the habitation of the angels Laws i 30. 2 . benaid M. C. a chend dond ala fir ...robói dā infer aile oc élúd ass the other man, however, was fleeing forth, BDD § 157 . issed as cóir...arnáchad-fercaigthersu (sc. frit gilla). manatfercaichther frit gilla dā if, however, you are angry with your servant Mon. Tall. 142. 9 . mani chaithea dā feoil if, however, he does not eat flesh ib. 146. 14 ; ib. 159. 38 . bói N. oga uothras ┐ dobreth láim nargait foair lioa D.; nír uo maith d liaa mac sium this, however, did not please his son RC xii 66. 4 f.b. táinic hEoan cona ritirib co Machaire Conaille co ndernsat airgthi ann. táinic dō Murchadh hua C. cucu but M. came up with them AU ii 192. 12 (v.l. táinic imurro); similarly ib. 192. 17 . Same usage AFM iii 40. 6 ; táinic Iohn...do orccain Dál A. tucc doná C. deabhaidh dosoṁ but C. gave battle to him; 34. 3 (doná); 34. 14 (doná); 110. 3 f.b. (dna); 118. 1 (dna).

VI In a weakened sense with interrogatives. ut quid autem...pro impis mortus est, gl. ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . aut in nomine Pauli babtizati estis? gl. cepu dono adrad dæ do thabirt do Pool in chruth sin, ib. 7 d 16 . omnia enim uestra sunt, gl. ce dono rigne occo. it lib huili, ib. 8 d 15 . cid dā dotbératsu chucci, ScM. § 16 . ní fritsa oI sí rodálusa itir. cid tu dana icim dáil why then TE § 13 Eg. ut est `ar is fo gnímaib midither Dia for duine' cid dono arnáb fo gnímaib no mesemnaighther duine for araile for innus sin, Laws i 48. 24 , cf. ib. 54. 3 f.b. —After concessive cia, cid (like Ger. `auch' in `wer auch komme, was auch erfolge'): cia focherta dā a srúb ar gesce folilsad, BDD § 38 . cipé no ná tic ticfasu fessin, TBC-LL¹ 200 . acht ciat-beram ni andso no tæit nech dḟarcsin maigi Mide, ib. 5018 . gid ed dō but nevertheless Aen. 413 .

VII Various usages.

(a) rofetarsa is foirbthe do hires so. ba toich deit dā ar ba foirbthe hires do máthar, Wb. 29 d 3 . ní fil amain tra Bresi ol sé. ba fír ón dno ní bói acht meth foairi sim ond uair sin, RC xii 70. 14 .

(b) even ? tamquam famulus, gl. rubu fer som muintire maith dā dul humal he had been a man of the household. Good is even (also) a humble position, Wb. 33 a 5 .

(c) aṅgo dā is deithbir daitsiu a Ingceoil, BDD § 80 ; ib. § 90 (twice), § 102 h ; angó dā, § 105 .

(d) intan imorro rofuidi Feinius a dá deiscipul sechtmoget do foglum na nilbérla fon doman Cae dna isé rosiacht co Eigipt, Laws i 20. 7 . I have no further examples of this usage.

Darbelin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Darbelin or dil.ie/14649

 

Forms: Darbelein, Darbilín, Darbellinn, Darbelinn, Dairblinn

npr. f. Daughter of Mac Iair, Mart. Don. Oct. 26 . Darbelein, Gorm. Oct. 26 gl. 5 . Darbilín LB 98. 20 gl. Darbellinn, LL 364 f. Darbelinn, Fél. 229 n. 1 , Franc. MS. Dairblinn, ib. 228. 5 , Rawl. LL 353 b 48 her name is Derbinill; for dar: der, cf. 1 Darbile. Cf. Dairblinn.

debroth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. debroth or dil.ie/14845
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: debroth, débródh, débroth, debrod, debro, debródh, debrath, debhrath, debrad, debhradh, debra, Débroth, debroth

ind an exclamation or asseveration constantly used by S. Patrick. debroth, Ardm. 6 b 1 . Thes. ii 310. 26 . Corm. s.v. mo d . Acall. 6648 . MacCongl. 15. 16 ; 83. 9 . O'Don. Sup. s.v. mo d.¤ de brot, Corm. l.c. (v.l.). débródh, Trip. 168. 14 . débroth, LB 27 b 3 . MacCongl. 45. 18 ; 61. 3 ; 67. 3 . debrod, Ardm. 7 a 2 . debro, Trip. 56. 6 (H 3. 18). debhroth, BB 208 a 41 . debródh, Trip. 56. 6 . — debrath, Thes. ii 290. 11 (Sg). H 3.18, 69 b . O'Mulc. 296 . debhrath, Todd Nenn. 182. 8 . debrad, Lism. L. 2246 . LB 251 a 5 . MacCarthy 436. 1 (BB). Fen. 214. 17 . debhradh AFM ii 652. 8 . debra, LL 193 b 51 (uncertain).

Rhymes with menman : dorata Dia debradh dúin : are rit ar menman mín, ZCP vi 266 § 10 ; with celebrad : co dered domain debrad : nocha bia gan celebrad, Fen. 214. 17 ; with delbda, LL 193 b 51 . In Debide : debrod : clod, ACC § 52 .

By the grammarians explained in various ways.

(a) usually explained as = Dia brátho God of judgment Thes. ii 310. 26 . Trip. 56. 6 (H 3. 18, ACL iii 16 § 36 ).

(b) already by Cormac connected with the Welsh formula min doiu braut `by God of the judgment' : mo debroth (v.l. luide mo de brot .i. mo dia brata) ol Patraic quod Scotici dicunt corrupte. síc hoc dici debet .i. muin doíu braut .i. muin didiu is meus. in díu is deus. in braut is judex .i. meus deus judex , Corm. s.v. mo d .

(c) as a Hebrew word. debrath ebraice. brath loquella. debrath didiu délabrath, O'Mulc. 296 .

(d) debrath .i. brath indsce. debrath didiu .i. deil a brath, H 3.18, 69 b .

(e) the explanation given in Colgan's Trias Thaum. p. 53 and 59 is due to misunderstanding of the passage in Ardm. 7 a 2 ( Trip. 292. 26 ).

(f) understood as degbriathar, Acall. 6648 ( Franc. A 4 73 a ). See now Ériu lix 139-51 .

The rhymes with menman and celebrad (v. supra) do not necessarily prove original short -e-. Débroth the doom of God would be an ordinary cpd. of dia and bráth (u- stem), the latter passing into -broth in enclisis as scáth > scud (foscud, d sg.), gním > gnom. Mo d.¤ , dar mo d.¤ by the doom that God will pass on me on the day of Judgment. It seems the Irish equivalent of W. `min doiu braut,' not an adaptation of it. In `mo d.¤ ,' debroth is probably the dative.

(a) mo debroth seems the oldest formula : ` cui irascens Sanctus Patricius cum maledictione dixit : mudebrod male fecisti. nusquam proficiat tibi ager in aeternum , Ardm. 7 a 2 . et ait S. Patricius mudebroth quamuis laboraueritis nec tamen proficiat , ib. 6 b 1 = Trip. 289. 24 (transformed by Trias Thaum. 53 into`modebroth quod interpretatur quod non laboratis non proderit vobis '). mo debroth ol P., Corm., v. supra.—With strengthening om : mo debroth um ar Patraic bidh Hí Raduib do tṡíl trét umalóit, Acall. 6648 . — atbiur mo debroth...noco fesser cid fil and noco nérus, MacCongl. 15. 16 (analogically after atbiursa mo bréithir, &c.).

(b) dar mo debroth : asbert Patraic fris dar mo de broth is tualaing Dia sen mad áil dó. genus iuramenti sen la Patraic ac si diceret dar mo Dia bratha (which Trias Thaum. l.c. 4 transl. `per Deum meum Judicem sive judicii'), Thes. ii 310. 26 . dar mo debrod, ACC § 52 . darmo debródh ( débroth, LB 27 b 3 , debro, H 3.18 ) ol P. isind ulċ atá do chumachta, Trip. 56. 6 (H 3. 18 and LB add `.i. dar mo dia bratha (mbr. LB),' ACL iii 16 § 36 ).— dar mo debhrath ar Luirich (son of Sarran) is calma form in peata...andas in Coimdhe dia nadhair, Todd Nenn. 182. 8 .— dar mo debroth i fiadnaise in dúileman ba maith lium co rísaind a dochum in dúnaid sin, MacCongl. 83. 9 . darom débroth...ní bether co bráth, ib. 61. 3 .

(c) dom debroth: dom débroth fullfi friss, MacCongl. 45. 18 ; ib. 67. 3 .

(d) fom debroth: bam débroth, MacCongl. 57. 17 .

(e) a debroth: missi a debrad am fer sean (in verse) YBL 108 b 19 ( Ériu iv 150. 19 ).

(f) debroth alone, only in poetry: debrath nom choimmdiu cóima, Thes. ii 290. 11 (Editors' transl. is impossible; d.¤ perhaps abs. dat. `when the judgment of God is being passed,' i.e. on the day of Judgment, or an exclamation). roláis díot Feardia na ndrong: debhradh is crúaidh do choṁlann, Mil na mB. 27 l. 398 . muir nard nainbthech seoch a tæb: debrad nocha rígda dúil, Lism. L. 2246 . co dered domain debrad (: celebrad), Fen. 214. 17 . rocráided muintir Thomair: i niarthar domain debhradh by God's doom the race of T. was destroyed in the western world AFM ii 652. 15 (A.D. 942). Daminis debrad is tír, BB 51 a 47 ( MacCarthy 436. 1 ). dorata Dia debradh dún: are rit (= frit) ar menman mín (g s.) ZCP vi 266 st 10 .

1 escop

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 escop or dil.ie/20477

 

n (< Lat. scyphus) a large vessel or measure for wine: escup fina no mela, Laws iii 426.25 Comm. escop fina .i. escra .i. æs a ghob asin tsesra, O'Dav. 790 . epscop fina isna Muirbrethaib .i. escra tomais fína le ceandaighaib Gall ┐ Franc , Corm. Y 539 .

fían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fían or dil.ie/21945
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fian, féne, ḟéinne, Fianghal, Fianghail, —uil, Fiangaile, Fiangaile, fíangalach, Fiangalaich, fian

n ā, f. By Zimmer ( ZDA 1891, 1 ff .) derived from ON fiandi `enemy' (see RC xii 295 ; 405 ); by D'A. de Jubainville, RC xxviii 249 , and Thurneysen, ZCP xv 262 , connected with the people-name Féni; by Loth, RC xiii 507 , with `fine.' Acc. to Meyer, Fianaig. vi ff . it is from an abstr. meaning ` driving, pursuing, hunting ,' which has in Irish taken a concrete meaning and denotes `a band of warriors on the warpath .' Compare the mediaeval etymologists: fianna a venatione .i. on tseilg dognidis isberthi fianna friu; no fianna .i. finedha, ar is ina finib ┐ ina n-aicmibh nobidis ... no fianna .i. feinnedha rígh Erenn iat, Cóir Anm. 222 . Connected by Wagner, Celtica xi 265 , to fén. The people-name Féni is sometimes liable to be confused with the gen. of fian from which it is not always clearly distinguishable, e.g. airiseom óc féne, LU 5089 . Cf. bearla na feinei `the fians Irish' Eg. Gl. 522 . Archaic n p. féna for Fid, The Patrician Texts in the Book of Armagh 176.1 , Peritia iii 316 .

(a) a band of roving men whose principal occupations were hunting and war, also a troop of professional fighting-men under a leader. In later application esp. the warrior-bands under Finn son of Cumall, who are described as constituting a military caste: is e ropa thaiseach teglaig ┐ ropa cheand deorad ┐ amhus ┐ cech ceithirne ar chena la Cormac Find mac Cumaill, conad friusin atberat in daescarsluag `fianna Find', YBL 325a10 ff . ro hindarbad Finn ... ┐ ro sgaraid na fiano fris. ar ba hiad-sein cetherna ┐ teglach in rig Cormaic. Is de ad-bertaei fíana friu, ar ba siad fenidi ┐ milid in ri īad, Tochm. Ailbe 1 . See Fianaig. ix ff ., Keat. ii p. 324 ff . Traditions of Finn and his fianna are abundant in Irish and Scottish folklore. In Keating's time cromlechs were called by the people leapthacha na Féine `the beds of the Fian'. In Metr. Dinds. iii 280.49 : bátar fo diamair ... ic fiannaib, ic fomurib (of the chief roads of Ireland), and Cog. 114.28 : i folach fo thalmain inā fá dhiamhraibh díchealta ag fianaibh no ag sithcuiraibh, the fíana appear as belonging to a remote past and coupled with semi-mythological beings. Cf. opening pp. of Acall., where Finn's fíana are pictured as giants of other days. fian .i. ceithearn, Stowe Gl. 406 . Lec. Gl. M 114 . cona fein húathmair (of David's followers) SR 6283 . cona féin, cona fairaind [ = foirind], 6356 . nech dabur feind ná dabur foirind, Acall. 5142 . for formnu féne Forainn (of Pharaoh's host) SR 3992 . iugulavit me fian maicc Maicc Con, Ardm. 14a2 ( Thes. ii 267.38 . Trip. 324 ). arna guin do fianaib Maic Con, Corm. Y 883 . Fiachra Fobrecc fein co ngairg `with a fierce band of warriors' Hail Brigit § 13 ( LL 49b45 ). Find cona fein, Corm. Y 1018 (feind, Bodl.). docer la féin Cind tíre; la féin Luagne aided Find, RC xxiii 310 § 29 . fianna Find ... brecctais rinne | ... fianna Fothaid Canainne, ZCP viii 119 § 35 ( Rawl. 88b ). Find mac Cumaill ... in cētFinn ro tinoil fiana ar tús i nErinn, LL 379a38 . eter ḟiannaib fer nAlban, 261b3 . fíanna fer nÉrend ┐ Alban, BDD 144 (of reavers). fianna Eirenn, Acall. 5284 . fianna feochra, TBC-LL¹ 5683 . comérgid ... a fianna; arise, warriors (leader addressing a band of reavers) BDD 141 . mesir fiana iarna ngaluibh estimate warriors by their fighting (or valor) Ériu xiii 41.33 ( O'Dav. 1037 ). as mo thigh ro gab [Oisin] feind ┐ foirind (= took command of a company, became leader of a `fían ') Acall. 2467 . Finn's followers as a military caste are distinguished from the agricultural class, the settled population: doronad crandchar idir in bhFéinn ┐ aes na treabaire cia dhíbh da roised tūs do thabairt an chatha dona hallmharchaib, Acall. 1290 (`between the Fianna and the settled [i.e. non-nomadic] folk lots were cast' SG ii 132 ). Buanand mumi na fian ... i. daghmathair ac foircetal gaiscid do fianuib, Corm. Y 104 . fiana bātar i nEmain, | ir-Rāith Chruachan, i Temair, RC xxiii 304 § 1 (beginning an account of the deaths of famous champions). Temair Berg, baile na fían, Ériu iv 92.2 . se fichet findscél na fiann, LL 145a49 . for ḟíana rochalma ḟer nÉorpa, TTr.² 1691 . fiana ferrdha ... Franc , CCath. 5363 . d'ḟianaibh Fódla, d'amhsain Ile, TD 16.55 . fian Ghréagach `the soldiery of Greece' (i.e. the Fitzgeralds) 17.10 . see fénnid and fíanas. Here possibly belongs óc féne one of a roving band, a `fian'-warrior (?): g p. airiseom óc féne a resting place of fian-warriors LU 5089 . n p. inn óic ḟéinne , TBC-LL¹ 4950 .

(b) in wider sense a company, number of persons: rioghraid Laighen ... f.¤ mholuim, LL 394.1 . deich mic oile anba an ḟian ib. 4 . rī tarcai cech fēin, SR 7163 . fian sceith (sciath v.l.) shield-bearers (?) Ériu vi 135.45 . foḟuair féin fessaig findgil | im Chessair ingin Betha, LL 5b5 . Of pieces in a game, chessmen: imat fian fidhcelda, Anecd. ii 58.13 (cf. fíanchlár below). mar ḟéin na mbranán TD ii 199.1 .

(c) a warrior (late and rare): righḟeinnidh, f.¤ `a General ' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 523 . sir Sémus ... an fiann, O'Gr. Cat. (1700) 584.28 .

In BColm. 94.8 : a fían a saert[h]a ar cach cath; Plummer suggests reading fiach = in payment of their exemption from military service, making the preceding sent. (ar is ... ann) parenthetical.

Compds. ¤bla: fri f. fechta ` warrior-shout of fighting' (? field of fight) Leb. Gab.(i) i 68 = fri fianna fecta, LL 6a6 = re fiannaib fearta, BB 24b46 . ¤both a hunting-bothy . a hut of branches or similar construction in a forest or wild spot, an improvised shelter: fogeib in fianboith ┐ in mac ina codlad innti, RC v 199.3 . rosfuc leis dochum na fianboithi, ib. 13 . d'iarraid ḟianbothe, RC vii 296.96 ( LL 206b49 ). dognitis fianbotha folachta foslongpuirt acci i ndairib, Cog. 60.10 . i ffianboith folachtae i ccuas cairrgi, AFM v 1794.1 . tógaibh fian-bhoith fíréandachta do chumhdach do choguais, TSh. 2304 . Cf. ro ghabhsat longport fairsing fianbhothaigh an encampment of huts (?) AFM vi 2168.11 . See 2 fulacht. ¤chara a comrade in arms; `a mutual friend, one who protects and is protected' O'Don. Suppl. , from Eg. 88 f. 54d ( O'Curry 2639 ) : dot fiancarait .i. fear snāidhes ┐ sṅāidithar fear aile i n adhaigh [ = ina aghaidh ?] ┐ amail carait claochmoig iat ó dénait comairce a céile (cf. compact between Cú Chulainn and Conall Cernach : ciped chia dib nomarbtha ar tús a digail dia cheiliu, LL 122a8 ). nimrumart-sa mo f. Cú Chulainn, LL 125b10 ( Ériu v 210.60 , where the speaker is a woman). ¤chlár a board for (chess-)men: mó a clārḟiacail ... anda f. fidchille, LL 210a56 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 138 ). ¤chluiche (para)military game ( Celtica viii 151 ): In Laws v 150.11 ff . a distinction is made between `fian-chluichi' and `ruidles-chluichi,' the latter being apparently games proper for children. nocha uil ruidhles cluithi do codhnacha ┐ nochan uil col cluithi do macaib bega. Ruidhles cluithi na mac mbec is fiancluithi do codhnacha ┐ f. c. na mac mbec is col cluithi do codhnacha, Eg. 88 f. 28c ( O'Curry 2368 ). slán d'fir in eich na huile neiche ... acht a riagail re fiancluichi in codnaig uil uirre, Laws iii 182.1 (on injuries caused by a steed). fiach fianchluichi a fine for f.c. 192 20 Comm . (referring to a dog-fight) ; 250.27 ; 252.4 (ref. to boating mishaps, where it is transld. `foul-play'). ¤choscur hunting-slaughter, killing game: a foraim, a fomsigi, a fíanchoscur (accomplishments of Cú Chulainn) LU 4847 . 8453 ( FB 30 ). tairnic leo a bhfiadach ┐ a bhfianchoscar do dhénam, Acall. 187 . selg ┐ ḟíanchosgur, Fianaig. 54.26 . ac seilg ┐ ac fianchoṡcur 56.24 . ag fiadach ┐ ag fianchosgur, ZCP vi 38.13 . comus ḟiadaig ┐ ḟiannchoscair Fiann Eirenn, Acall 5281 . ¤deisel ? fochloch f. (text doubtful) ZCP v 499 § 7 . ¤ēirghe rising of warriors to battle ; a raid: Anecd. ii 73.12 . ¤erred warlike accoutrements: LU 6384 = TBC-LL¹ 2525 . ¤flescach a hunting booth of osiers: na fianḟlescaig fo thuga `the roofed hunting-booths of osier' Metr. Dinds. iii 112.31 (= tech, Dinds. 29 ). ¤gaisced 'fian'-valor: a[c] congbail in ḟiangaiscid, Acall. 5208 . ¤gal : (as pred.) f. Find Find brave as warrior-bands Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.5 . As npr. m. Fianghal, Caithr. CC § 33 , § 41 ; g s. Fianghail, —uil, § 85 . Cf. nom. Fiangaile, Rawl. 160b40 . Fiangaile gen. 160b32 . ¤galach valiant: g p. m. fer ngablach fíangalach , BDD 32 . As npr. m. AU 737 . 754 . 799 . AFM 732 . 750 . gen. Fiangalaich, Rawl. 144c14 , 150a19 . ¤glas `fian'-bolt, a pole, pike or spear (?) : tucait fianglasa ┐ airechra ochta ... risin luingsin ica cur ó chrích ... na Greci, LL 219b28 ( TTr. 188 ). acc srainedh araill da naimtib uad ... do sonnaib ┐ d'fianglassaib sithremra cona n-irellaib iairn imma cennaib, CCath. 3591 . foscerditís d'a ḟianglasaib isna tendtib flung (the serpents) from their pike-staffs (?) Alex. 714 . ¤rí (?) : Ält. Ir. Dichtg. 28.10 . ¤sruth `f.¤ -stream', fian-lore (`Fiannica', Stern, ZCP i 471 ) : fianṡruth Find, Metr. Dinds. iii 20.1 = fianruth, LL 216a19 . See ZCP i 471 . fiandsroth fian Find u Baiscne, YBL 119a36 = fianruth fiand [sic] in so, 325a0 marg. (prefixed to a list of Finn's captains).

forbach

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Forms: forbach

(-bech) (vn. of for-boing ?) the instances suggest an extraordinary levy, `surtax'; e.g., when a client is wounded and the victim or surviving kindred is powerless to enforce the legal penalty, the lord (flaith) intervenes and levies it. As a result, his lord is entitled to a third of the fine, so not only can the lord levy his own coirpdire but also a proportion of another's; the latter is a forbach ( O'Curry 1623 , cited below. This third, however, is apparently levied out of the amount due to the injured man, so does not increase the payment due from the defendant) (see Stud. Hib. xvi 23 ): f.¤, forbuain ` exaction, extortion, additional fine exacted by the chief', O'Don. Suppl. forbag .i. for fiach, O'Mulc. 581 . f.¤ .i. cuid na marbh: cumal fhorbaigh do mhuinntir Dhe, O'Cl., folld. by P. O'C. with definition ` donations or legacies left by the dead for charitable uses' (cf. Cáin Ad. 43 , cited below). In following exx. seems used of a due or tribute (possibly a supplementary one): nach forbech dliges rí Locha Léin de Chorco Tri ┐ Orbrigu ... is rand i ndē etir ríg Eoganachta ┐ rí Ciarraige ┐ nach forbech bis la ríg Ciarraige do righ Locha Léin fācabar la Ciarraigi ┐ la rig ┐ is hoén inna foltaib o rig Locha Léin ZCP viii 316.11 (see folud). gabhla flatha forbach .i. ate forbuain gablaighthear don ḟlaith sech cach duine is isle inás: a beochoirpdire fein dó, ┐ trian beocoirpdire a daorceile dó, etc. O'Curry 1623 (< 23 Q 6, p. 76 ) = O'Gr. Cat. 81.6 (where the text is rendered `Reparations due to a chief are in excess [of those payable to others]'). cuit forbaig (.i. ... cuid tobaig) `Eintreibungsanteil' Ir. Recht 34 § 36 (but see Stud. Hib. xvi 23 n. 20 ). (`der Anteil der in dem forbach besteht' p. 35 ). imcengair flaith a foltaib forbuigh forgeall .i. as eimh cheimnigther a foltaib risna flathaib do ní forbuain n-indlighthech tre forg[ell] imdenma for a ceilib, no eimceimnighther i reir nach aile on flaith do ní forgell is forbuain n-indligthech ima foltaib cona nach aile is brethemh for a ceilib, H 3.18, 241b ( O'Curry 452 ). cf. imcengair ┐ rl. .i. cona berir [benir ?] lan forbhach ina miḟoltaib, H 3.18 246.29 ( O'Curry 468b ). na foachta fo[f]echar i Cáin Adomnan, dligith munter Adomnain f.¤ dé [leg. Dé, Plummer, but that does not suit the constr.] ... .i. cumal forbaich do muntir Iae airm i n-icatar secht cumala ┐ lethchumal di leth secht cumal. se seuit fon trichoit sét any injury that is inflicted in [violation of] Cain A. the family of A. are entitled to an over-levy (?) from it, ... i.e. a `cumal' of over-levy (?) [is due] to the family of Hy when seven `cumals' are paid, etc. Cáin Ad. 43 (see Thurn., ZCP xviii 394 ). banbeim aicnid ro ferustair ... ar nech do muindtir na heclaisi ... is da eclais fein ro soich in f.¤ sin conadh ocht screpaill fichit tic as in cumal sin, H 3.18, 426b ( O'Curry 997 ). Here it evidently means a proportion of the fine exacted. oirggis Insi Gall in gargri ... nirbo dograch tuc a f.¤ i tír Temrach `their trophies' (tribute wrung from them ?) Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 50 ( LL 184a45 ). Franc forbbaig `an extorting Frank') Arch. Hib. ii 71 § 18 ( LL 183b52 ). Form and meaning doubtful in these two passages. See also O'Curry 1756 (ferr frestal f.¤ ). O'D. 686 , 638 , 873 . ( H 3.17, c. 503 , 474 , 624 ).

Cf. bid f.¤ dond imgail `eine Vermehrung(?)' TFerbe 912 .

Frainc, Fraingc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Frainc, Fraingc or dil.ie/24242
Last Revised: 2019

 

nloc ā, f. (Lat. Francia) France : do bendaigh fos is in Frainc, Mart. Don. Aug. 30 . do siblaigh móran do thírthaib in domuin, mar ata an Fraingc ┐ an Almain, ZCP ii 2.3 . connaimsi ort noco n-impaídim isin Ḟraingc, Fier. 16 . maithe na Fraingce, SG 300.2 . achadh fēarghlas na Fraingce, Celtica xxvi 104 § 39 . See also Franc, Frangc.

franc , frangc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. franc , frangc or dil.ie/24241

 

Forms: Fraincc, Frainc, Affrainc, francamhus, f., -uis

n o, m. In the exx. earlier than the 12th cent. it seems a book-word, from Beda, Isidore etc. a Frank, later a Frenchman: Francus o tát Frainc, LL 142b27 (Dublitir ua Huathgaile) = Rawl. 77a4 . ni Fraṅc forbbaig act is Conall Grant, LL 183b52 . pl. Fraincc Patraic `P.'s Franks' Trip. 104.31 ( Francc, 1183 ). Frainc, Auraic. 224 = Affrainc, 2540 (YBL). Fraingc (i.e. the Normans) AU 1072 ( ii 24 ). flaithius Franc , Anecd. iii 66 (< Beda). [Lothar] for Franccaib `L. reigning over the Franks' SR 2371 . do Frangcaib a chenél, Lat. Lives 87 (of St. Martin, the Lat. has [S]abariae Pannoniae oppido oriundus fuit parentibus non infimis). fri Frangcaib ┐ fri Lochlannaib tarrustaír i farrad Césair, CCath. 1307 . a Ffrangcaibh in France Duan. F. i 5.2 = ii 344 . ba do [F]raṅccaib ... Conces `C. was of the Franks' (i.e. Patrick's mother) Hy ii Comm. ( Thes. ii 309.19 ). For further exx. see Onom.

Compds. ¤amus : cia airm itát fraṅcamais mo thige ? ar Conchobar, RC xiv 426 ( LL 111a36 ) ; `strong soldiers' Stokes, suggesting derivation either from O.W. franc mod. ffranc `a youth' or from O.N. frakkr `fortis' ; Plummer suggests A.S. franca `spear' ; the meaning may be `Frankish' or `foreign,' hence foreign mercenaries . francamhus `a Gaulish mercenary ', Meyer, Misc. Hag. Hib. § 21 . f.¤ [leg. -uis] Medbha, Celt. Rev. iii 130 .

¤bérla the French language: frangcbérla, Maund. 124 . fraingcbhéurla `the French tongue' RSClára 35a .

¤luch a rat (= luch francach) : na franclochaidh ga folach | a n-ardchlochaibh, IGT, Decl. ex. 714 . See also Frainc, Fraingc.

frangcach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frangcach or dil.ie/24244
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Forms: Frangcach, Frangcaid

adj o-ā Frankish, French ; used in wide sense for anything coming from France, each frangcach, Leb. Cert. 246.20 . an bholgach fh.¤ `the French pox ' P. O'C. ; Párl. na mB. 1286 . coileach (no cearc) f.¤ a turkey-cock (or hen); cnú f.¤ ` walnut ' ; luch f.¤ `a rat ', P. O'C. ( luch f.¤ , Ir. Gl. 248 is glossed by the unexplained word `rula'). nox magna .i. in chnu frangcach, RC ix 238 . ithitt féoil cach uile ainmidhi itir lochta frangcacha ┐ lochta becca, Maund. § 114 . do cuiredh cenn Frangcach ... ar tempoll Achaidh U., AU 1447 ( iii 160 ) i.e. a groined roof, see RC xviii 82 ). fína frangcaich, BB 61a9 . sraindmeigil ind reithe frangcaig, MacCongl. 127.31 . tomus f.¤ (oppd. to t. coitcend), CCath. 3475 (this apparently is derived from a French translator. Cf. CCath. 1307 s.v. 1 franc ). roléic Probus ... sílad francach fínemna (i.e. planted vineyards in Gaul) LL 143b21 . As subst. o, m. a Frank: Frangcach gl. Francigena Ir. Gl. 309 . pl. Frangcaid MacCarthy 288.4 . frangcaigh fochama, IT iii 91 § 128 = focama, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 67 . cf. Bruchst. § 36 , where Meyer emends to F.¤ fognama `frankish mercenaries' ; but F.¤ fochama may be two adjj. qualifying cuirn.

1 Gall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 Gall or dil.ie/25308
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Forms: Gollu, Golla, gaillu, gullu, gulla, Gulla

pn o, m. a p. Gollu, Golla, AU 1026 . gaillu, LL 184a12 . gullu, Cog. 110 n. 2 ; gulla, Lism. L. 202 . v p. Gulla, IGT Decl. ex. 681.

(a) Oldest meaning a Gaul : Gaill .i. Frainc. Gaill dano ainm do ... ṡaerc[h]landaib Franc .i. tribus Gallie , Corm. Y 683 . Labraid for a loinges hi tirib Gall, RC xv 299 ( Dinds. § 9 ). dolluid Forgall Manach ... amail bítís techta ríg Gall, RC xi 438.25 (Tochm. Em.). marggad mór na nGall ngrécach, Metr. Dinds. iii 24.307 . epscop fīna ... .i. escra tomais fīna la ceandaighaib Gall ┐ Franc , Corm. Y 539 . Ériu iii 140.173 . a tuirc óir a tírib Gall, LL 49b40 = Hail Brigit § 11 . In pl. used as a place-name : i ndesciurt Etale ... sed verius ... i[n] Gallaib itá, Thes. ii 311.32 .

(b) a Scandinavian invader (finn-gaill being the Northmen , dub-gaill the Danes ) : Niall Glundubh ... co torchair i cath Atha-cliath la Gallaibh, MacCarthy 404.22 . co Galliathaib na nGall .i. co Ámlaib ... rig Lochlainne, CRR § 7 . Roiniudh for Gallu Locha cuan, AU 942 ; 1026 . Brian ... ardrī Gall ocus Gāedel, ZCP viii 120.1 . ar slanaib ... Turcaill righ Gall, BCC § 435 ; § 373 . Ard Macha do orgain ... la Gallaibh, ┐ ní ro hoirgedh la heachtarchenela riamh go sin, AFM i 444.9 . ? dord gaill iar nderach a bárc, ib. 272.8 . Dánfhocail 271 .

(c) an Anglo-Norman, an Irishman of Norman descent, an Englishman : Díarmait Gall, IGT Decl. ex. 641 . a Gulla Fáil, ex. 681 . langfiter ... .i. glas na nGall, Corm. p. 26 . (Cf. langp[h]eitir .i. anglis insein, Corm. Y 812. ) slóiccheadh lá hUilliam ... de Lathi ... ┐ lá gallaibh Midhe, AFM iii 268.13 . gabháltas Gall the Norman Invasion, Keat. ii 4840 . Fine gaoidel senghoill féin `the old English themselves,' O'Gr. Cat. 467.11 . sduagha do gheibhthe re Goll (of a castle) arches that used to be found with the foreigner (i.e. built in Norman style ?), DDána 119.16 . Applied to the Geraldines, Ériu ix 164 § 12.

(d) a foreigner : fer doberait gaill amach, Laws v 244.18 gl. o luibib gall, 84.6 Comm. cin a gall ┐ a deoraidh, O'Curry 290 ( H 3.18, 159 ). scrisfaid siad goill ┐ allmaruidh a hErind, BCC § 127.

(e) Hebridean : a Ghallmhaoir ó thuinn go tuinn | fleasga donna an díaigh an Ghoill, Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 13 (NLS 72.2.2 fo. 16) . fiarfaighthior ’nar fearann dúthaigh | dénamh na loingi, a fhlaith Gall, Bard. P. 172 § 15 . Compds. ¤assa a Gaulish sandal : a p. gallasu (gl. gallicas= caligas, Vulg.), Thes. i 497 ( Ardm. 178b2 ). ¤at foreign helmet , IT iii 100 § 171 . ¤bádach partial to foreigners (?) : comairleda ... guthmilse gallbadhacha in ghlaniarla `prompted by inherent leaning to the English,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 26.37 . ¤baile a foreign stead : ZCP ii 339.34 . gallbailti gan galldacht, Studies 1920, 416.z . IGT Decl. ex. 1915 . ¤bélre foreign speech, later English speech: sluag guillbelrai, Fen. 222.10 . can latin, acht gall-berla, ZCP xviii 12 , note. milc ... focul gallberla, O'Dav. 1215 . gen cor smuain guth Gaillberla, Irish Texts ii 14 § 27 . ¤biail a foreign (i.e. Scandinavian) axe : O'Dav. 532 . .iiii. sgribaill .x. is fiu in gaillbiail .i. in crostuadh lethan, O'Curry 241 b ( H 3.18, 136 ). slicht gall-bela, O'Curry 810 ( H 3.18, 374a ). See Manners and Customs iii 29 . ? ¤blach, IT iii 99 § 163 . ¤brat foreign booty : ? nímo gradh gallbraide, ib. 95.1 . ¤bróc foreign shoe : Guaire na ngallbrocc, ib. 101 § 179 . ¤cerd name given to the Scandinavian sport of tossing children on spears, V. SS. Hib. i 164 § xxxiv (v.l. gialcherd); cf. p. xxii n. 4 . ¤cliar: an ghaillchliar the Reformed clergy , Mac Aingil 4297 ¤cloch ` foreign castles ,' Studies 1920, 416.2 . ¤cochal a Norse hood , KMMisc. 364.9 . ¤cú: Gallchū immorru in forainm ┐ is de atā dia ro marb in mīlig tucad do breith einig fear Muman coro marb cona fhiaclaib amal gallchoin iaruschain (iaroschain, v.l.) a airm uili, Corp. Gen. 377 n. k-k (BB, Lec.) .​​​ As npr m.: Gallchū, Rawl. 151b40 . ¤cúirt foreign palace , Studies 1924, 242.2 . ¤dírna a foreign dírna (i.e. weight), O'Dav. 679 . ¤écosc Gaulish garb: doluid Forcoll M. ... isna Gaillecuscaib, ZCP iii 246 § 57 . ¤écoscda of foreign appearance: cloidemh mor gaillecasgda, TBC-LL¹ 5478 (St.). ¤espoc a foreign bishop: ag an ngaillespuc, ALC i 242.28 . ¤focal: dot dhíon ar ghallfhocal ghall the pledged word of the English (i.e. Punica fides), O'Gr. Cat. 485.8 . ¤fothannán the herb bearsbreech or bearsfoot , RC ix 227.21 . O'Gr. Cat. 184.30 . ¤fuil foreign blood: easbaid Goill ó gleo an Mullaig | ód roinn sa gleo ar an Gallfhuil, Irish Texts ii 60 § 24 . ¤ga a foreign javelin, an English spear , IGT Decl. ex. 967 . AU ii 212.22 . ¤gabul: ? gréas gach gall-ghabhla (from description of a building), DDána 119.33 . ¤glas a foreign lock , Laws i 142.12 Comm. ¤góidel one of mixed race, i.e. Viking and Irish blood . For an account of the Gall-Goidil see RC xxxix 176 - 177 (Sommerfelt); TFrag. 138 n. ; Bidrag, p. 4 seq.; Watson, Celtic placenames of Scotl., 172 seq. In the Annals the word is used of inhabitants of Ireland only between 855 and 858 (Sommerfelt, loc. cit.). In TFrag. 138 (an. 857) the name is applied to the Irish who had adopted Viking ways and relapsed into paganism. Cf. also ib. 232. cocadh mor etir Gennti ┐ Maelsechnaill co n-Gallghoidelaibh leis, AU i 364.x ; ib. 366.8 . loingius na nGall-nGaoidheal (sic) .i. Scuit iad ┐ daltai do Normannoibh iad, TFrag. 128.8 . AFM i 490.8 (an. 856). gic-goc Gallgaidhel, Anecd. ii 72.6 . inghean ríogh Gallghaedheal, Keat. ii 5540 . Used of inhabitants of western Scotland: téit iarum Donnan in Gallgaidelu ┐ geibid aitreb ann (where apparently the island of Eigg is meant), Fél. 116.13 . Bláán .i. Balaan (sic) epscop Cinn Garad hi nGallgaidelaib (Bute), ib. 184.28 . As a place-name connoting Galloway: Suibne mac Cinaedha, ri Gallgaidhel, AU i 568.z (an. 1034) ; ii 234.1 (an. 1200); ii 290.17 (an. 1234). Toirberd mac Gall Ghoeidhil, ALC i 242.25 (an. 1210) = mac righ gallgaoidhel, AFM iii 164.13 . Samaisc ┐ Artúr ┐ Ínber tri meic rig Gallgaeidel anall, AS 4560 . Bressal mac Eirge, mac ríg Gallgaeidel anall, ┐ taissech teglaig rig Eirenn he, ib. 7951 . Watson seeks to explain the form Galloway, Celtic placenames of Scotl. 174 . ¤gruaim: ó ghall-ghruaim a nglóir, A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 5 . ¤gruitne Norse curds: do gallurad gallgruitni, Hib. Min. § 66.32 . ¤iall a foreign thong: pl. gaillialla (.i. oígeich .i. lomhna connaigh), Ériu ii 4.14 . ¤iasc a pike , Iar. Conn. 11 note y . ¤íath foreign territory , CRR 10.y ; 20.10 . ? ¤lorg: do gelugud galluirge 'a foreign club' EIS 138 § 16 . See also uirge. ¤manach, Anecd. iii 9.20 . ¤merge a foreign standard; rie bar ngaillmeirgib grīanṡrōill, Bruchst. no. 25 . ¤mías a quoit (?): in gaillmias (gl. discus), Ir. Gl. 478 . ¤mil a foreign soldier: pl. gaillmilid ... na Gaillia, CCath. 5369 . ¤óclach orig. a Scottish soldier or mercenary, in service of an Irish chief; a `gallowglass' or heavy-armed foot-soldier opposed to the light-armed kerns (see Hayes-McCoy, Scots Mercenary Forces in Ireland, pp. 15-76 ). The word is common in the Annals of the 13th-15th centuries: tre cumachtain cinidh a mathar idon Clainni Domnaill ┐ Gallóglach n-imda aile, AU ii 372.17 . galloglacha uaisli, 426.9 . ocus a ngallógláchaibh ina n-éidedh timchioll chuirp an airdrígh, MS. Mat. 540.36 . AFM iii 450.11 . ib. 588.1 . ¤óclachus: leadership of gallowglasses: fear ... ba mó ainm la gallócclachus, AFM iv 1140.12 . ¤óg an English soldier, Content. xi § 14 . ¤ogam Viking Ogham , Auraic. 6157 (called also Ogam Lochlannach, 6155 ). ¤ráith a foreign rath or fort , see O'Gr. Cat. 502.22 . ¤sail a foreign (non-indigenous ?) willow: i nglotuinn géag ngall-ṡaileach, DDána 85.45 . ¤salann, foreign salt , glac gallsalaind, IT iii 93 § 139 . ¤sax English foreigner: eiritigidh Gallsax, Hy Fiach. 172.6 . ? ¤semind, IT iii 93 § 139 (BB). ¤sét a foreign treasure: pl. na gall-seoit tar muir tocairter, Laws v 220.22 gl. (etym. gl. on gaillite tacair). ¤sgiam: a ghiolla gusan ngaillsgéimh `O youth of foreign beauty', Studies 1924, 241.1 . ¤sciath: Tuathal Mælgarb na ngall-sciath, LL 130b12 . ¤sochraite foreign auxiliaries , Cog. 168.7 . ¤tech foreign palace , Studies 1924, 241.y . ¤Tór: Tór the Viking, Caithr. CC 138.z . ¤trumpa a trumpet, a clarion: itir orgán ┐ gitart ┐ galltrumpa, ZCP vi 52.8 . Matthew vi 2 . ? ¤urad: do gallurad gallgruitni, Hib. Min. 66.32 .

Íbal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Íbal or dil.ie/27123
Last Revised: 2019

 

pn o, m. a Jew: rí na nÍobhal Ioruath, Dán Dé xi 25. d'éis an tsluaigh Iobhal dot fholach `after the Jews had hidden Thee,' iii 24 . arna tabairt do ríg Franc ó Ibhalaib `given to the King of France by the Jews,' Maund. § 14. bearar é le hIúbhulaibh, Dán Dé xx 13. d'Íobholuibh, DDána 21a § 22 . mar adubhradar na h-Iūbhail lé Crīsd ar dTighearna, Carswell² 8.209 .

muir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. muir or dil.ie/32761
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: muir, ṁmuir, muir, mmuir, moro, mora, mara, mara, maro, more, muire, mure, mara, muir, muir, mhara, moir, muir, mara, muire, mara, marann, mara, marannaibh, muirinn, muir, mara, marai, muir-, mur-, mur-, muirágu, muirbretha, muirmhil, Muir, Murcon, Muirmhedho

n i, n. and m., later also f. O.Ir. forms: n s. muir, Thes. ii 47.31 ( Philarg. 83 ). (with art.) a ṁmuir mbrígach, Fél. Ep. 30. in muir , SR 287 , 3989 . a s. (with art.) issa mmuir , Thes. i 493.27 , 29 ( Tur. 131 ). g s. in moro , Ml. 81a4 , cf. 96c1 . mora, Sg. 94a3 . Thes. ii 290.5 ( Sg. 112 ). AU 769. in mara , Gild. Lor. 5. rith mara , SR 266. dochom maro , LU 5382 ( TBC-I¹ 906 ). fri more foimrim, IT ii1 182.2 ( YBL 116b47 ). a p. forsna muire , Ml. 126a4 . tarsna mure , 122a3 . In Mid.Ir. n p. mara (mora) is found. In later Mid.Ir. muir becomes fem. (already in LB 125b15 ; cf. also SR 287 : in muirlinn aili is i in muir , but possibly the gender of the pron. is that of muirlinn); in Mod.Ir. generally fem. (Keat.; but g s. an mhara , TSh. 103 , 10260 ). moir muir (m., g s. mara), IGT Dec. § 41 ; (f., g s. muire, mara) § 42 . In late lit. n -forms occur in oblique cases of pl.: g p. na marann , RC xxiv 371.28 (n p. mara, ib.), 378.10 (Rennes Tenga Bithnua). d p. marannaibh, ZCP vi 59.17 . Cf. torann-fadach na muirinn ┐ na n-uiscedha ` seas ', RC xxviii 312 § 8 (but see muirenn).

The sea in wide sense, both of sea as opposed to land and of particular tracts of ocean with special designations, occas. of inland seas; freq. used without art., esp. after prep. Gl. mare, Ml. 62c2 , Gild. Lor. 5 , Ir. Gl. 860 ; aequor, Philarg. 83 ( Thes. ii 47 , 362 ). muir i.e. a nomine mare (mara MS.), Corm. Y 913. nem uasaind ┐ talam ísaind ┐ m.¤ immaind immá cuard, TBC-LL¹ 4752. Dia . . . is e doroine nem ┐ talam ┐ m.¤ , PH 989. for m.¤ ┐ fairrge, 2080 . turcgeba in m.¤ mormoṅgach, SR 8105. m.¤ mílach, Fél. June 21 . in set dogabur itir nai tonna ┐ tir . . . in set dogabur arin m.¤ mor the high sea, Laws v 326.5 . i n-inis mara, IT i 75.4 . longa in mara, PH 7024. do treabaidh ais na muire `the back of the seas' (? sea), Leb. Gab.(i) i 36.11 . tonn fuar na muire mairbhe, Aisl. Tond. 104.8 . metither ra Fomóir na ra fer mara, TBC-LL¹ 3805 (the last four words are a gloss; merman? pirate?). i llán mara in the full tide, AU 769. in lān mara, Fl. Earls 20.17 . Cog. 190.20 . muc mara a porpoise (see muc(c)). do m.¤ by (on) land: do m.¤ is do t[h]ír, BColm. 102.10 . CCath. 2675. ac indrudh Muman do m.¤ ┐ do thir, RC xviii 49.24 (Tig.). pl. in distrib. sense: mara móra co n-ainbthinib, FA 30 = marai LB. ru reset inna muire ┐ inna locha, AU 821. fo lochaib ┐ lindaib ┐ muirib, Laws i 72.8 . tre ilmuire, Aen. 331.

Of particular seas: tri m.¤ robur the Red Sea , Ml. 82c8 , cf. 96c1 . See robur. Also called m.¤ ruad, PH 2823 (see rúad). muir Caisp the Caspian Sea , Leb. Gab.(i) i 16.19 . m.¤ n-Ichtt, IT i 39.18 (= mare Vectis, the English Channel ). dar m.¤ Torrian the Tyrrhene (Mediterranean) Sea , PH 570. i n-innsib Mara Torrian, Hy. ii 11. otha m.¤ Terren aniar conice m.¤ mairb from the Mediterranean to the Dead Sea, LB 125b14 . muir marb, 159a19 . isna crichaib borethaib i leith re muir tēcht the frozen (hyperborean) Sea, BB 492a13 (= tēchtmuir, Alex. 437 ); 487b9 . in Mhuir Técht the Dead Sea , Maund. 92. risin m.¤ tentide bo deis the fiery (torrid) sea (southern boundary of inhabited earth), BB 487b12 . for imlib mara Tibir the sea of Tiberias, LB 118b51 . i mm.¤ Thibriatis, PH 6716. an m.¤ Ponteca (= mare Ponticum), Auraic. 3343.

Transf. and fig.: m.¤ tened, FA 25. is m.¤ dar crichu a sea overflowing boundaries (of an invincible enemy), TBC-LL¹ 5395. is m.¤ dar múru, 5277 = is tond romara, TBC-I¹ 3214. bud m.¤ conbaidfea duib-si in buden sain a sea that will drown (you), 5578 . ? iarna sáethur gair-som | it é cen aes muir-som (mair-sium, mairson v.l.), Fél. Prol. 60 = it é muir-som cen aes they are a sea without age (cf. ler slúagdae, March 21 ), Thurneysen. m.¤ téachta déar d'fhuil, Ir. Monthly 1929, 596.32 . an mhuir-se na mailíse, TSh. 2068.

Compds. Before a non-palatal consonant in the second component muir- becomes mur- in Mid.Ir. and many stable compds. are treated separately under mur-.

A. With subst.: ¤ág(a)e m. sea-beach, coast (? sea-dyke)? d s. din muirágu , Thes. i 498.25 ( Ardm. 188b1 ), gl. de assole vel de Asson ( Acts xxvii. 13 ). A compd. of áge `pillar, prop'? ¤bolc (bolg) m. `a sea bag', inlet of the sea (see ZCP xi 192 , xii 305 ). As n.l.: in Muirbulc mar, Thes. i 280.42 (d s.). a mMurbulg, ZCP viii 218.5 . Dal Riati in Muirbuilgg, AU 730 (g s.). ac carraig Murbuilg, CRR 9. ¤bran m. a cormorant: gl. merges (= mergus), Sg. 55b9 . ¤breth f. a sea-judgement; (in pl.), maritime law . pl. muirbretha , Laws i 182.1 . diles i muirbrethaib, iii 422.1 . i murbrethaib, H 3.17 c. 656 ( O'D. 925 ). isna Muirbrethaib (name of a legal tract?), Corm. Y 539. ¤cengal m. ` sea-bond '; transf. of a chieftain a sea-compeller, sea-ruler? Muirceangal ua Domain Nuaill (.i. Maghnus o Domhnaill), ZCP v 486 § 10 (B. na f.). ¤coblach m. a sea-fleet; a naval expedition . muirchoblach, LU 9801 ( RC vi 165.22 ). tánic Nemed . . . a murchoblach cetheora barca .xxx., LU 1277 ( Imr. Brain ii 288 ). i mbraine muircoblaig, O'Mulc. 292. i murchoblaigib in fleets , Trip. 206.1 . fo clú . . . an murchoblaigh sin Golaim sea expedition, Leb. Gab.(i) i 232.8 . murchoblach la Colman . . . hi Soil ┐ i nIle, AFM i 204.7 . ¤choirthe castaway, shipwrecked person: for murchorthai, ZCP xiii 21.36 . eiric tar cend murcuirthi cin apu do righ, Laws v 182.9 . o murchuirthe codnach … o murchuirthe leithcuinn ┐ lethceille, Bretha 20 § 12.3 . ¤comrac m. a sea-fight: tíagait do muirchomruc forsind [ḟ]airrce, BDD 45. murcomrac forsin fairrgi etir Gallu ┐ Niall, RC xvii 361.15 (Tig.), cf. AFM ii 804.5 . ¤fecht a naval expedition or hosting: muirḟecht secht fichet long di muinntir righ Gall, AU 848 = muirfheacht, AFM i 476.19 . See muiriucht. ¤fiach m. a sea-raven: i ndeilb muirfeich mair, Imr. Brain ii 291 (Laud) = i ndeilb segi mori .i. murrech, LU 1323. segha .i. muiriach (nó muirrech) mor, Imr. Brain ii 291 n. 3 . ¤gabál f. sea-faring (? coasting): gach port i tigeadh Ith i nErinn iar murghabhail na ntír i raibhe, BB 38b3 . ¤gabul m. an inlet of the sea. n p. muirgobuil, Ml. 45d12 . Of a river: scailed murgabla srotha Ligir `letting out an inlet of the river Loire', RC xv 434 ( Dinds. 43 ) = scaíled in murgabuil múaid | cos'tathig Ligir londglúair, Metr. Dinds. iii 194.9 . iar tuaslucud in murgabail i Torinis glain i tírib Fraṅc , LL 159b30 . ¤gae a sea-spear, harpoon: murgha, Lism. L. 1640. ¤galar m. sea-sickness: eabur re ndol ar fairrge . . . ┐ ni dén murgalar olc dhó, R.I.A. 23 K 42, 325.2 . ¤geilt m. ` a sea-lunatic'; a sea-fugitive or wanderer, term applied to the mermaid Lí Ban . Muirgeilt .i. geilt in mara, LU 3130. murgeilt, 3043 . murgelt, 3022 ( SG 235.28 ). in hoc anno capta est in Muirgelt for Tracht Ollarba . . . .i. Airiu ingen Eachach maic Muiredha, RC xvii 147.4 (Tig.) = in muirgheilt, AU 571 = an muirgelt .i. Liban, AFM i 200.10 . ¤geintlecht f. sea-sorcery, sea-magic: muirgheintleacht, Keat. Poems 695. ¤iasc m. sea-fish: tóla muiréisc maigrig, Metr. Dinds. iii 426.9 . ¤inis f. a sea-island , Laws iv 6.10 . ¤lán f. full tide: antí riasa ttraighedh an mhuirlán, ZCP x 4.8 . ¤linn f. sea-pool , poetic term for sea. ri dorigni muirlinn māir | os an ḟirmimint imṡlain, | in muirlinn aili is i in muir, SR 285 - 7 (see Gen. i 7 ). do mhuirlinn mara, Leb. Gab.(i) i 128.4 . ag muirlinn mhóir Chinn Mhaghair, Duan. F. i 32.18 . Muirtheimhne ón muirlinn, Keat. ii 1225 (poem). ¤loch a lagoon, salt-marsh: isin muirloch, gl. in salsuginem, Thes. i 6.8 (Southamp. Psalter). os murloch, Acall. 5924 n . ¤luachair f. sea reeds, sedge: firluachair ┐ murl., Laws i 172.16 Comm. ¤mag n. a sea-plain, salt marsh (?): im rasas do murmaige `for the crop (? cropping) of thy sea-march', Laws i 166.27 . ¤mesóc f.: ro gabsad muirmesoga mora do lar `great sea-acorns', RC xxvi 160 § 48. ¤míl m. a sea animal, fish: g s. eithre muirmhil , Lism. L. 2223. lomnan magair is muirmhil, Irish Texts ii 19 § 23. plag arna muirmilaib, BB 388b36 . As collective: amhlaid bit an muirmil hisin, Leb. Gab.(i) i 204.20 (of mermaids). ¤ṡeilche a sea-monster : muir druídechta ro baí fair co muirselche ann co n-aicniud súigthech leis, Comp. CC 36 § 34 (Toch. Em.) = Metr. Dinds. iv 294 . ¤técht: da ttí don leth thuaidhe, doghébha [m]uirtheucht cona tonnaibh ` rough sea ', ITS v 118.26 . muirtheucht, 120.9 . muirteachd ` unnavigable seas ', O'R. Poems Seems intended for: muir técht a congealed (i.e. frozen) sea (for m.¤ Técht as n. l. see muir). Cf. muir théacht `a viscid sea ', ITS xxiv 20.27 ; air muir dtéachtuidh, 126.3 . ¤torad m. sea-produce: mess ┐ claiss ┐ muirthorud, LU 10116 = murtorad, ZCP iii 229 § 1. a mes ┐ a murthorad . . . inna hindsi, Ériu iv 128 § 8. ag buain na femnuige ┐ in murthoraid olchena, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.19) . do tochaitheamh . . . mesa ┐ murtoraidh Erenn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 26.16 . murthoradh .i. toradh mara, O'Cl. ¤trácht m. sea-strand: murthracht, ZCP x 343.17 . dar muncind in múrtráchta, MacCongl. 37.3 . ¤tráig f. strand, beach: in murtraig, Lism. L. 1946. Occas. also in adjs. formed from nouns: eass . . . maigrech murbiastach ` sea-monsterful ', MR 104.13 . anfadh mara murbradanaigh, IT iii 71.6 = mulbratanaigh, ib. 3 ; `des seefischreichen Meeres', Bruchst. i § 34 .

B. Muir enters into composition of proper names: ¤bran ` sea-raven ', ZCP viii 328.20 . ¤chú ` sea-dog '; name of biographer of St. Patrick, RC xxvi 366. Muirchiu (sic), AU 827. g s. Murcon , AU 735. ¤mid: g s. Muirmhedho , AU 797. With adj.: Muirchertach, AU 527 , 926 (Muircertach). ¤gel (npr. f.?): Muirgel Manann, IT iii 34 § 9. co Muirgil, ib. Cf. also Murchad (m.¤ +cath).

noí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. noí or dil.ie/33243
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: noi, naoi

indecl. num. adj. nine (mod. naoi). Eclipses initial of a follg. subst. (except in composition). In MSS. freq. expressed by the Roman numerals ix or viiii. noi, gl. novem, Sg. 197b6 . hí figuir noe montar nimæ ┐ noe ṅgrath æcalsa, Thes. ii 254.10 ( Stowe M. 65a ). .ix. n-imdada, LU 8051 ( FB 2 ). noi ṅgrad nime, SR 553. noí ṅDáiri, TBC-LL¹ 2694. nai mbliadna, MacCarthy 312 w ( BB 13b46 ). naei sailgi, Laws i 4.12 . naoi nduirn, ii 238.14 . i n-oentaid .ix. ngrád nime, PH 1443. na nóe ṅdesṅdurnu fichet twenty-nine, TBC-LL¹ 2957 = naoi, St. coicḟiur ┐ tri fichit ar noí cetaib 965 men, CRR 11. .ix. mis fo noi nine times nine months, Rawl. 147a48 .

As subst.: i tri næibh (in tri .ix., v.l.) da-nither 'in three nines (?) it is done', UR 114 § 24 gl. 3 (of poets performing a satire). Folld. by gen. or partitive DE: dá noí míled, Fél. July 23 . trí noí n-immaire . . . .i. a noí do móin ┐ a noí do min ┐ a noí do chaill, Thes. ii 298.10 ( Hy. i pref. ).

noí tonda nine waves, expressing a more or less defined distance from the shore: itir noi tonda maro ┐ tir, Laws v 336 z . tar nae tonna mara, iii 422.4 . tar naoibh ttonnaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254.1 ; cf. ib. 4 (an archaizing form = tar naoi tonnaib, 17 ).

Compds. With subst.: Noíchride, sobriquet of Fedelm wife of Loegaire Buadach; so expld. by Thurneysen, Heldensage 125.1 . ní lesainm dait Fedelm Noíchride ar ḟebas do chrotha, FB 17 (which implies a connexion with noí = núa: see noíchruthach below). nófis (in name of tract) nine-knowledge, the knowledge of nine men: nófis didiu ainm in liubair-se ro ordaigset, .i. fis nónbuir, Ériu xlv 12 § 8 .

With adj. derived from a noun qualified by the numeral: ¤bliadnach nine years old, Ériu iv 94.10 . ¤brethach: noidiu noíbrethach .i. nóe mbretha ruc iarna gein fo chetóir, LL 319b4 = ZCP xii 332.7 , where Pokorny ( p. 333) explains as `born nine times', not with the glossator as `of nine judgements (maxims)'. Cf. the parallel texts published in ZCP xix 48 fg . ¤carptech (?): na noecharptig de ḟénnedaib na hIruade, TBC-LL¹ 5875 ; expld. by Windisch as charioteers who move always in bands of nine chariots; the v.l. noi ccairptigh St., naoí ccarpittighe H, mean nine charioteers. ¤cruthach (sobriquet): Fedelm Noícrothach ingen Concobair .i. noí crotha no tadbantais furri, FB 28 ; cf. Cóir Anm. 257 where an alternative derivation from núa is given. macc Feidilmi Noíchruthaige, CRR 53. ¤fichtech pertaining to the number 29; having 29 parts: ochtfhichtech é muna bisex in bliadhain ┐ mad bliadhain bisex is naifhichtech (of the zodiacal sign Aquarius), MR 112 - 13 . See noíchtech. ¤giallach, sobriquet of king Niall m. Echach Mugmedóin; expld. Cóir Anm. 118 : Níall Noíghiallach .i. noí ngeill ro ghabh . . . .i. coic geill Herenn ┐ giall Alban ┐ giall Saxan ┐ giall Bretan ┐ giall Franc ; cf. ZCP xiii 378.5 . ¤tétach nine-stringed (of a harp): cruite náethétacha, Acall. 3793.

1 rig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rig or dil.ie/35264
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: rig, righidh, riged, righ

n d, f.. a s. rig, SR 7219 , LU 4888 ( TBC-I¹ 401 ). righidh, CCath. 2060 . g s. riged, TBC-LL¹ 46 . righ f. (g s. -eadh, d s. -idh, n p. -thi), IGT Dec. § 191 .

The fore-arm from wrist to elbow (somet. used to include the latter) distinguished from lám `arm' and doe `upper arm'. na rigthe nó na huille, gl. ulnas, Gild. Lor. 163 . cusna rigthib, gl. cum cubitis, 164 . cubi[t]us latine .i. righ, O'Mulc. 112 . dae .i. righ no guala, O'Dav. 740 (definition inaccurate). luibenchossach .i. luibne na mér . . . ┐ cos eissib suas ind rig ┐ in doe gusin alt na guailne, Corm. Y 447 s.v. deach. int herdornn óg cen rig fist without forearm , SR 7219 . doid [┐] rig, Laws v 354.5 . dornn caurad ┐ rig ruanada, TBC-I¹ 425 . secht cubait rigi (i.e. cubits measured by the fore-arm), Dinds. 54 ( RC xv 450 ). ucht rigi the bend of the elbow , Laws v 363 n. ro sháidh sgían trí bhun a ridhe 'his wrist' ZCP xxxiii 130 § 5 . ail focheird dia rigid rind (leg. riged) at arm's length , Metr. Dinds. ii 84.51 (see Corrigenda v 130 ). comhfada re roigh laimhe laeich o iond a mheoir go hiond a ghualann, ZCP x 277.6 (Franc. TBC). doronsad aenach cind righed, 305.14 (some kind of close combat?). feóil a righe, Isaiah ix 20 . du. tuc a dā rigid 'mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233 = a di rig, St. Ériu iv 104.6 . pl. turcbaid a dóti ┐ a rigthi, TBC-LL¹ 916 . snadmait a rrighthe (of wrestlers), CCath. 2943 . ro gab i n-a noídin Ísu for a rigthib, PH 3750 . folongat na mna cach altrom for a rigtib, O'Mulc. 114 . neartuigh sí a ríghtheacha, Proverbs xxxi 17 .

Rig mná Nuadat (poetic name of part of the lower course of the river Boyne), Metr. Dinds. iii 26.15 , ZCP viii 106.6 . iar rig mna Nuadat, RC xxvi 18 § 35 ( .i. iar nirt fhilidechta Nuadat, LL 186b50 ), although Rig is a well-attested hydronym Celtica iii 263 .

As fictive npr. m.: maic Rigedh Rothriune maic Lāime, Anecd. ii 53.17 .

Compds. ¤derg with red (i.e. bloodstained?) forearms : in Cú Chulaind cathbuadach . . . rigderg, LU 9313 = righderg, Anecd. iii 52.16 . Rechtaind Ríghdherg .i. rígh derg ro bhoí aigi, Cóir Anm. 24 .

¤fota: Coirpri Righfhoda .i. righ fhoda baí aigi, Cóir Anm. 63 . Cairpri Ridhfoda, Anecd. ii 77.18 .

¤remar: doiti rigremra, CCath. 2946 .

¤trén: scáilfer . . . rengmar rigtrén, FB 37 .

¤tend: laech ruanaid rigthend, LL 266a45 ( MU 30.16 ).

1 sain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sain or dil.ie/36008
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj i

(a) different, distinct, separate (from other things): s.¤ .i. égsamhail no neimhionann, O'Cl. saini gl. aliae, Sg. 6a16 . liter sh.¤ , 6b6 . alaill sh.¤ gl. aliud aliquid, 24 . hi personaib sainib, 28b2 . s.¤ gl. alia, 39b5 . gl. aliud, Ml. 3a12 . s.¤ póc ┐ pócnat, Sg. 46a3 . is s.¤ indí asidrubairt ┐ indí frisanérbrath gl. diversarum personarum, 220a10 . is s.¤ int soilse ┐ it saini inna rinn gl. aliud est quam ipsa sunt, Ml. 145d3 . s.¤ dán cáich `different (is) every one's gift', Wb. 5d7 . níp s.¤ a n-asberthar ho giun et a mbess hi cridiu, 5d14 . cosmulius tuib arataat ilsenman . . . is s.¤ cach nae .i. is s.¤ fri cath s.¤ fri scor, 12c46 . is s.¤ aní asberar indi et dogníther, 14c21 , cf. 28c1 , PH 7007 . nách s.¤ sollamain la hEgeptacdu ┐ la heclais in descirt, PH 6922 . nī s.¤ in fīrendacht ┐ Christus, ZCP v 498.6 . slicht s.¤ so (.i. sís) another (a different) version, LU 5211 = TBC-I¹ 733 . sliocht s.¤ sen-leabhair memraim, Geneal. Tracts i 50.12 . gen innile soine do cur an-aon cumusc ria ceile, Laws i 304.5 Comm . ropsat s.¤ ┐ ropsat suaichnid ó cách, MR 214.16 . ropsat saine sloinnti . . . cach deg-slua[i]g, 214.10 . cid at saine laithi i ttangator, Leb. Gab.(i) 118.28 . With FRI different from: is s.¤ dofhoirṅde són frisin roithnigud `what this signifies is different from radiance', Sg. 36a3 . ni s.¤ mo gnim frisaní no radim non aliter esse audeo quam dico, Ml. 47b13 . im chomalliud . . . forcetuil ba s.¤ fria fhor[c]etul fen, PH 6522 . is s.¤ a mbreithamnacht saidhi frisna frithib olcena, Laws v 322.y Comm . ba s.¤ frisin dorala do [d]reachtaib da sloghaibh i tirib ele isin doman fared differently, CCath. 2598 . As adv.: is s.¤ donadbantar sensibus ┐ amal bís it appears to the senses otherwise than it really is, Thes. ii 4.32 .

(b) peculiar, special (of a characteristic which distinguishes one thing from others): is s.¤ ordo dogní cechtar nái, Wb. 10b11 . s.¤ persan sluindes an aiinm ┐ in briathar, Sg. 189a9 . s.¤ gnīm fristēit cach narm úad, TBC-I¹ 70 = is [s]aingním, TBC-LL¹ 276 . is s.¤ dath ┐ écosc cacha húaire tadbat fair it has a different colour . . . each time, BDD² 998 (cf. Anecd. ii 6.3 ). is s.¤ cerd cech uí, LL 147a4 ( PRIA xix 546 § 3 ). ba s.¤ rindaigecht gach sceith dib, Ériu v 72.5 . is s.¤ coir cech oenduine | s.¤ aicned cech uilc every man has his own particular failing, every evil its own nature, LB 261b59 = is s.¤ cōir cech oendīne, s.¤ aicned cach luicc, ZCP xiii 28.3 . forcetul s.¤ don eclais ┐ do lucht in tsoegail one doctrine for the church and another for the laity, PH 1671 . ba s.¤ belra do Petar ┐ dona hIúdaidib, 3190 . secht mbliadna fichet s.¤ sluind | ro pa rí(g) Fland . . . `distinctly tell' (?), Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 27 . in cach lá ra seachtmain s.¤ `for a week set apart', Metr. Dinds. iii 16.191 . co saidbri s.¤ , ib. 199 .

(c) is s.¤ dom (limm) it is (I consider it) something special for me (i.e. something exceptional, an opportunity, privilege. Cf. sainemail and other derivv.). is [s]ain (s.¤ , LU) limsa ōn, ol in lōech. Bid s.¤ duidsea innosa isinn āth ucud, ar C. it will be a fine thing for you (ironically), TBC-I¹ 647 . bidh sain ní (sain-ní?) dōibsom . . . dianragabsa dībrugud isin (asin, LU) tailm, 1054 . ni sáin . . . laiss a tabairt, TBC-LL¹ 2067 (reference to Cú C. who has refused to give Redg a spear demanded by him). But in literal sense: is [s]ain lium ┐ na cuir dligtecha romainn `I consider them different from the lawful contracts mentioned above', Laws i 52.24 Comm .

As subst. with gen.: in dá ech . . . comaille acht nammá co sain delba ┐ datha, LU 9254 (leg. saine?). ? soin fearaind tuccadh ann, O'D. 2400 ( Rawl. B 506, 50b ).

Compds.

(a) with nouns (the more usual construction in attrib. use) different; peculiar, special (of that which is special to the individual), excellent (for this meaning cf. sainemail and other derivv.). ¤accuis: s. do duaid sech cách gl. sibi aliam causam esse quam gentibus, Ml. 36c11 . ¤amor (< Lat. amor): ba sainamor do cech oen atchid he was the special love of everyone who saw him RC xiii 221.6 , 226 (Scél Baili Binnbérlaig) . ¤bás: foircniter hua s. sech cách `by a special death', Ml. 73d7 . ¤buaid: ni clos i nErinn co se | do sainbuadhaibh aenoidhche so many fine triumphs (i.e. great events) taking place in one night, Anecd. ii 5.19 . ¤chais: ba saincais seom di Ailinn A.'s special love, RC xiii 221 = sainserc, MS. Mat. 472 . ¤chenélae: sainchenelae srogill, Wb. 17d3 . ¤chenélchae: ar shainchenélchi gl. specialis, Sg. 28b12 . ¤cherd: bíth a menmasam fri seilgg | mu menma céin im saincheirdd `my special craft', Thes. ii 293.15 . fo láim suad saincherda `some cunning craftsman', RC iii 177.19 . ¤chland: Gaill . . . ainm do sainc[h]landaib nō do saerc[h]landaib Franc particular tribes, Corm. Y 683 (55.z) . re tecmaisin sainclaindi (sic leg.?) re saine n-athar, Laws iii 400.2 . ¤choém: sainchóim ind ríg `the special favourites of the king', Wb. 28d5 . tricha fer di saincháemaib A., TBFr. 253 . ¤chomarde: a s. sin, Wb. 26b31 . ¤chor: tri nata[t] túalaing sainchuir `incapable of special contracts ', Triads 151 . ¤chrod private property: seisedh a saincruidh, Laws ii 386.3 Comm . ¤chron see separate article. ¤dán: cechtar nathar fria saindan his special art, SP ii § 1 ( Thes. ii 293 ). ba s. disi dál pouring out (the liquor) was her special function, LU 10894 . ¤delgna `secret spot', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.23 . ¤díles, ¤dílse see separate articles. ¤doíre: in doich bid saindóire dúnni et barnaip?, Wb. 10d1 . ¤écosc: s. noe `a peculiar species of ship', Sg. 69a24 . is hecen sainecoscc leosom for a ccrannaib innaní prechite pacem, Wb. 5a5 . ¤én eagle see senén. ¤eire: conaccasom in clerech oc buain a shaineri cutting his own special load, Ériu v 236.73 . ¤ḟer: sainfer muntaire, Ml. 61c2 . Gobban s. sluagda, Gorm. Nov. 5 . fa slōghaib sain[ḟ]ear srianbalcc, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 18 § 1 = sainser, ZCP x 42.17 . ¤ḟeth: ecosc no sainfeth individual aspect, O'Dav. 1417 . ¤ḟolad: sain folad cacha rainne `different meaning', Sg. 26b9 . ¤gaeth: sainghāeth fri dairbhribh Doire. ZCP x 339 § 14 . ¤gemm, Gorm. Sept. 19 . ¤gnúis see separate article. ¤intliucht: ní techta sain intṡliucht and feissin `it has no special sense in itself', Sg. 50a2 (non ab aliqua speciali significatione). ¤ithe: lassin tigerna ragas do shainól nó sh. . . . ar belaib a dámi `special eating', RC xxvi 42 § 223 (i.e. who has special drink and food for himself apart from his company?). ¤lind: brócoit .i. s. dognither do braich special drink, Corm. 7 brócoit. fri hól sainlenda, ib. bóge. ¤maicne: tri senoraig . . . do shainmaicne in lochta ro crochsat Crist of the very descendants of those who . . ., LB 159b24 . ? ¤mesaib (d pl.): a saillméth do s., ZCP vi 271.21 (perquisite of a monk or cenobite). ¤miscais: mac dia tabuir aithir sainmiscuis, Laws iii 62.12 (cf. miscais glé, 3 ). cen ingreim, cen sainmiscuis private enmity, ACL iii 320 § 90 . ¤muinter: ocht fichti fer mór do ṡainmuntir Ailella ┐ Medba retinue, bodyguard, household, TBC-LL¹ 4944 . cethri firu déc dia s. fessin, TBC-I¹ 1675 . sainmhuintir Uí Domhnaill, AFM v 1480.2 , cf. vi 1924.8 . co cóicc lanamhnaibh décc día sainmhuintír imaille friú of their own people, Leb. Gab.(i) 236.28 . ¤muinterus: is aroli sainmúinnterus bói dó fri tigerna na n-ech a special friendship, PH 4441 . ¤ól: tuccad cori cét . . . do loimm . . . dia shainōl don rīg `as a special drink', MacCongl. 107.18 . See under ¤ithe. co ng(h)abhsat occ s. for ar oile `to drink to each other', Hugh Roe 190.13 (51a ). ¤rann: co roselb i sain-rainn son | in slíab `as his special portion', Metr. Dinds. ii 54.15 . ¤ṡerc(ach) see separate articles. ¤ṡlabrae: at-chíusa . . . sainslabra sainigthi remib a special herd, BDD² 462 . ¤ṡuidiugud: ni sainsuidiugad it is not an arrangement different from the usual one, Laws iii 176.16 Comm . ¤techtad: airchinnech . . . cen s. feb `private possession of goods', Ériu iii 106 § 45 . ¤teglach: atúsa sund mo s. díb tríchtaib cét with my retinue, TBC-I¹ 178 . is é a s. sin na trí .lll. maccaem, BDD² 1142 . ¤tintúd, Ml. 60c2 . saintintud, 87b2 . ¤toirthige: ar saintoirthigi `for special fruitfulness', Ml. 83d9 . ¤treb: co riacht in sliab . . . ar ba s. di her own abode, LL 216b12 . saintreabh .i. treabh no teach áiridhe, O'Cl. ¤trebad: combi túalaing saintrebtha separate husbandry, Críth G. 78 .

(b) with adjj. generally in adverbial sense specially , with intensive force (but also peculiar to the individual): ¤airlech: abbair fris, níp sotal . . . s. Ar it ferr airli oldās airle self-opiniated (?), ZCP xi 86 § 42 (`er soll nicht nur mit sich selber Rat halten', Thurn.). ¤amrae: do . . . cumtaigib sainamraib, LU 8064 ( FB 3 ). co ndérgodaib sainamraib, 9049 (79) . ¤brecc: sról santbrecc (sic), TBC-LL¹ 3097 . ¤bres: fri sluag s. particularly brave, IT iii 40 § 36 = Bruchst. i § 3 . ¤dian: na sluag s., Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 46 . ¤díles see separate article. ¤dleith? co tart do Ádam iar sreith | fria danad cach sil sáindleith, SR 1922 (leg. saindil, Wortk. 129 ). ¤fhoichlech: sainfoichlech (sic leg.?) gl. concuriosus, Ml. 90b2 .

(c) with vb.: ¤mescaid: ní nomsainmescca ó mac Dé | dirairmescca mac Dé dia whatever sunders me from the Son of God, ZCP vii 269 § 13 .

1 tír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tír or dil.ie/40940
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tíorthann

n s, n. Later m. and f. ( IGT Decl. § 45 ). Later inflexion: tíorthann, Ezekiel 5.5 .

I

(a) earth, ground (opposed to water): tīr i.e. a terra , Corm. Y 1251 . bai for tir co tirmugud, SR 1686 . co fáoi .ix. n-oidhci la cach mnoi for tir tartha, Dinds. § 5 . mac in trebthaig issin (cusan, cusin v.ll.) t.¤ , Ériu ix 48 § 27 . a Dé doní in muir | a Dé doní in t.¤ , LU 9870 . cuiridh na tulcha isna fantaib corop t.¤ flat, arable land, RC ix 16 § 4 . a t.¤ buic `in soft land,' Laws iv 130.18 Comm. dotháet dochum tíri, TBFr. 210 . fosceirdside issa t.¤ súas in slig, 236 . íar t.¤ dochuatar, iar muir tancatar, PH 7038 . fáiltighis tonn ┐ t.¤ roime, ML² 536 . ba fāilid muir ┐ tīr da thoidhecht, 1582 . ro gaibh tīr ocus caladhport, RC xxvi 272.14 . gur ghabhadar t.¤ i n-oileán, Keat. ii 517 . ar tir on land , Fl. Earls 58.9 .

(b) portion of land: is ed tīr insin bas óenach cluchi dod claind-siu céin bes flaithius hi Temraig, ZCP xiii 372.21 = is í an tīr sen, iii 459.3 . ba mór leo do t.¤ aurland Temrach they thought the green of T. took up too much land, Ériu iv 124.5 . is i rogha rugsadar cuairt: trian da thir ocus gusna hearnailib bide malle ria, Laws iv 216.20 Comm. atait tri tire aile nadat usa for Feinaib na breithamnaib do tinntogh, v. 428.2 . do teit fer tiri co fiadnaib leis owner , ii 120.24 Comm. comnattacht tir a athar fair, CRR § 53.

(c) territory, province (cf. talam I (c), (d)): in rí conic aingliu | is coimmdiu cech thíre, Fél. Prol. 160 . ni mesa indas talam for tire si, Ml. 34a5 . [trúagh] sin, a magh mBregh mbuidhe | a tir n-alaind n-adguide, AU i 438.21 . cen a t.¤ i fail do rúaim, Hail Brigit 26 . t.¤ ṅdorcha ... dianid comainm Iffern, SR 871 . i tirib anheoil, 3180 . dar mór tíri, dar mór tuath, 5474 . cinnas in tíre doráncamar ? t.¤ ndúaig n-úathmar, TBFr. 385 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea, BDD² 262 . cía raghas dond éitseacht isa t.¤ , 438 . Temair ... imme, maith an t-āighi | suides flaith cech tiri, ZCP viii 108.2 . lacht ┐ iascc, mil is mes | in cech t.¤ thuaith ┐ tes, 109.4 . atád trí tuatha 'na t.¤ | cíos no cāin ní dlegar dhíbh, 116.14 . na treba ┐ na tirthi, ML² 90 . uair gērbo tenn in teidm sin in gach t.¤ eile a n-Erinn, dobo mó isin Mumhain hé, ML² 92 . do dhealbh ar rí-ne an mhuir mór | do shnoigh na tíre gan tál, DDána 42.31 . a-tá re hathaidh d'aimsir | 'n-a t.¤ dhorcha dhoghailsigh, 73.3 . na cúig tíre im Fhonn nUisnigh, 107.25 . na tíre a téighe sna tráighe | míne réidhe áille iad, IGT Decl. ex. 1155 . díbh a rí cál ar críchne | trí tírthi san n-ágh uáighfe (lochdach), 1243 . san bhferann mín cráobhach gcrosach | a t.¤ bhráonach dosach Dé, 1245 . lucht an tire, Fl. Earls 92.22 . do mhuintir na tíre sin, Rel. Celt. ii 178.7 . ar tholchaibh uaigneacha na tíre, TSh. 6033 . ? To this: fechtas dolluid rí Eoganachta for tiri hi crích ┐ hi cendathaig n-aile, LU 1649 = for creich ┐ innrud ilchennadach, Immrama 26.9 . ? Leg. for creich tīri.

Sg. (and sometimes pl.) with following gen. of description: dús in rista t.¤ na mban Land of Women, Otherworld , Imr. Brain § 30 . ní chían co t.¤ inna m-ban, § 60 . dodeochad-sa ... a tírib beó áit inna bí bás nó peccad Land of the ever-living , LU 9996 . oc ascnam tíre tairṅgiri inna mbēo Heaven , Wb. 11a19 . cu bhfaghbhu-sa faeilti ac muinntir nimhe i T.¤ na mBeo, Lism. L. 2578 . do chorcair tíre na finn country of the fair, SG 239.38 . a tírib na Fomóire, BDD² 918 . a tir mac nisrael, Hib. Min. 92 . tir na nóeb Heaven , SR 575 . Lobhais, righ Franc, ┐ Ioán a mc. d'éc ac dul isin Tír Naímh 'Louis, king of France, and Johan his son, died on their way to the Holy Land', AI 370 (s.a. 1270.10) . go righeam tair ais go T.¤ na n-óg, Oss. iv 240.z . dia lot i tir Sgāidh (: lāim, cf. ZCP ix 234 n. ), Anecd. iii 54.20 . ag bainrioghain Tíre an tsnechta, RC xxix 126.2 . ríghdhacht tíre an tsnechta ` Livonia ,' Maund. § 7 . t.¤ tairngire, see tairngire (b). co rup hi a fhirinde ┐ a chumachtu fógnus det-siu isin t.¤ tall in the next world, PH 2773 . Of actual countries: cathraig tíre iudae insin, Ml. 17c10 . gabais Mac Con t.¤ mBanba, RC xiii 466.12 . co mboí i tírib Connacht, Aisl. Óeng. § 10 . atdob-rarbadse a t.¤ Hérenn, BDD² 416 . do c[h]lochaib tíre na h-Innis, ML² 1481 . a tírib hIndia do, PH 820 . clár buidnech mar th.¤ Temrach, Metr. Dinds. ii 46.4 . rop nem thened t.¤ Húa Neill immi, BDD² 240 . Hence people of a territory: do bhátar an tir uile i naoinionad, Misc. Hag. Hib. 36.29 .

II With qualifying adj. or gen., of measures or kinds of land: t.¤ mbó measure of land: is ed t.¤ mbó la Féniu insin, foloing .vii. mbúu co cenn mblíadnae, Críth G. 92 . t.¤ claidim land won by the sword: isse dorigni t.¤ claidimh di ar eigin, Cóir Anm. § 76 . `gebid óen na tire' ... `Ca t.¤ as assu lat do thabairt dunni ... co ndernam t.¤ claidim dé,' LL 333a42 . t.¤ cumaile measure of land: ceithri bai fichit ar tir cumaile don etham is ferr, H 3.18, 3 24 ( O'Curry 662 ). da forraig dec i tir cumaile dia fot, se foirrge din lethet, ma beith ina toimsib techtaib, Laws iii 334.22 Comm. ocht traiged fichit ┐ .vii. ced (ar míle, add. later) troigh fod tiri cumaile, H 3.18, 490b ( O'Curry 1224 ). ocht traighthi fichit ara a x. ┐ cethre fichit do fichtib traigh a fod tire cumaile ┐ a leith dia lethat, 651 ( O'Curry 1466 ). tir cumuile og na ogaireachuibh ocus tir cumuile d'imarcuidh ag gach gradh o tha sin co righ tuaithe, Laws ii 12.14 Comm. tir cumaile oc na ocairechaib, tir da cumal ac na boairechaib, H 3.18, 332 ( O'Curry 681 ). t.¤ ndibaid coitchinn land of a deceased person which reverts to the fine: tir ndibaid coitchenn , Ir. Recht 7.25 . intan is tir dibaid coitcinn tainic do cum na fine, is amlaid ranntar hi, H 3.18, 478a ( O'Curry 1199 ). t.¤ ndiguin inviolable land: sé ba i n-oen athghabáil ina thir diguin, O'Dav. 1185. t.¤ domaisi ? : `tir domhaisi' cach sliab slán, Metr. Gl. 3.7 . t.¤ dúthaig homeland: seacht dtroighe mo th.¤ dhúthaigh, PBocht 21.1 . t.¤ linde the land of the pond, part of mill: tir linde, Laws i 124.18 . tir linde .i. aenraed .i. bhis i n-ind in ena in uisci, 140.16 Comm. t.¤ mór mainland: iter Toraig ┐ t.¤ mór, BCC 104.8 . t.¤ tretholl hollow land, churchyard: t.¤ tretholl .i. relec, ACC § 93.

III In adverbial phrases

(a) is tír, in, into the land: Doirb is Maeith is Cuma in comlaind | comanmann mac Tlachtga is t.¤ , Ériu x 77 § 12 . ┐ nir gabsat do thenn istir acht mad sin nama, Ann. Conn. 1276.2 . Aed mac Torrdelbaig do athrigad ┐ Mac Branain dia tabairt istír, 1353.4 . tuc leam hi is-tír-so, PH 231 . aithris a ndearna is t.¤ thall, Aithd. D. 29.26 . suairc an sgéal-sa tarla is t.¤ , Dán Dé xxix 12 .

(b) In phr. do-icc a dt.¤ lands: is iad Clanna Mhíleadh tug an t-ainm sin [ar Éirinn], sul rangadar i dt.¤ innte, Keat. i 100.67 . iar dteacht i dt.¤ dóibh i dtuaisceart Éireann, 212.55 . tig an leac tre lár na mara | leat mar budh clár tana i dt.¤ , PBocht 10.46 . go ttāngatar ... a ttīr sa fFraingc, Fl. Earls 24.14 . Hence survives, exists, subsists: féuch féin ... an éidir leat teacht a tt.¤ gan an ní, Desid. 5647 . na neithe as riachtanas damh dochum teachta a tt.¤ , 1220 . é féin do thabhairt a tt.¤ (he) to live, 6953 . a teacht a tt.¤ ar smeara, F V 3, 116 ( Gadelica 64.39 ). baintreabhach ┐ dílleachtaidh tigheacht i dt.¤ air gach lá, ITS xvii 167.1120 . uim úr eolais an sceoil se thig i dt.¤ which is coming to pass, xviii 112.1 . Also tugaid i dt.¤ spends, passes (time): thugadar a n-aimsir i dt.¤ i bhfochair an Rígh ag muirn agus ag macnas, ITS i 164.2 . tugamaid an chuid eile dhar saóghal a tt.¤ anois mar a diarfadh gach duine againn do dhéanadh, Gadelica 65.9 .

Frequent in placenames, see Hogan Onom. .x. treith tire iacih, Ériu ii 4.7 =Tīr Īath Tiree , Wortk. 160.

Compds. tírfhrecor, tírfhrecuirthe (?).

túaslucud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. túaslucud or dil.ie/42236

 

Forms: túasulcud, tuasglad, tuasgalad, taesglad, taesgalad, tuaslagadh, taoslagadh

n u, m. vn. of do-fúasailci. O. Ir. túasulcud. Later also o, m., IGT Decl. § 106 . tuasglad, tuasgalad, taesglad, taesgalad; tuaslagadh, taoslagadh, IGT Verbs § 50 , § 65 .

(a) releasing, delivering, setting free: tuaslagadh .i. sgáoileadh no fuaslagadh, O'Cl. ar mbrithni i ndoiri ┐ ar tuasulgud esse, Ml. 113d2 . di thuasulgud in popuil asin doiri, 116c2 . a ḟréma (sic leg.) do thuaslocad, Sg. 127b3 . iar t.¤ anman having died, Fél. Mar. 27 . frí cumrech ┐ túaslucad, fri soírad ┐ doírad, Trip.² 652 . comus cúibrig ┐ tuaslacthi, Lat. Lives 94.4 . do foraithmet ... | for tuaslaicthi a Egept, SR 3924 . tancaibair dom thúaslugud, LU 2328 . tuaslugud mo tire the release of my country (?), ZCP xii 364.29 . t.¤ cachtae `deliverance from captivity,' Ériu i 198.5 . in coblach do thuaslagadh for muir, BB 426a7 . aimser a tuaslaicthe a curp, BNnÉ 19.10 . gach cnú dhuid ag diansgoltadh | an ttuig tú do thaoslagadh, IGT Verbs ex. 571.

(b) dissolving, dissolution, resolution: cen tuasulcud gl. (ut terra super fontes) sine resolutione (subsistat), Ml. 45d16 . a tuasulcud adi indi rainn `their resolution into two ... parts' (of compound nouns), Sg. 74b3 . corop subsequens ti i lloc precedentis inna tuaslucad `so that `subsequens' come into the place of `precedens' in their resolution,' Goid. 101.46 . ? tria(tha) thuaslucud flatha, LL 123a15 . Legal of the dissolving or nullifying of contracts, etc.: do tuaslucad cundrad, Laws v 496 . tuaslugad co n-idna, 486.21 . ni fir a tuasluca[d] na gealla so (text ?) `it is not right to redeem these pledges,' 186.15 Comm. an gach tuaslucadh donuaslaicter, O'D. 722 ( H 3.17, col. 554 ). ? insamlaiter nemed fri besu carpait nach tuidme tonuidmenar do is tuathfuaslucud uad, O'D. 1007 ( H 2.15A, 15b ).

(c) solution, answer to a question, explanation: forsin tuasulcud `the solution,' Ml. 46a21 . dober a thuasulgud inna diad is int salm, 46c17 . is hae á thuassulcud in comthod talmaidech asber inna diad `the solution of it is found in the sudden turn of his words afterwards,' 53c14 . tuasolcud ind imchomairc, Sg. 157b7 . ba tuaslucud do morcheist, SR 4490 . im th.¤ na cesta, LU 8395 . in te na tabrad tuaslucud arin ceist do, TTebe 160 .

(d) relaxation, slackening (with regard to religious observances): ce beith tuaslucud forsind figild `though there be a relaxation as to the vigil,' Mon. Tall. 139.4 . tuaslucud for feóil `to relax in regard to meat,' 146.18 . tuaslucud ... ar na trí soldomnaib `relaxation on the three chief feasts', 129.27 . nicon choir etir laisim do nach cleriuch tuaslucud neich roortigsetar sruithi `he does not hold it right for any cleric to excuse any duty which his seniors have imposed,' 133.5 . is e in tuaslocud ar chaisc .i. oga ┐ blonoca ┐ feoil oss n-allaid ┐ mucc n-allaid, Rule of Tallaght 66.3 . combí ar dia in tuaslucad in tan dognither, Ériu vii 150.1 .

? iar tuaslucud in murgabail i Torinis ... i tírib Fraṅc , LL 159b30 .

tulchubae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tulchubae or dil.ie/42454
Last Revised: 2019

 

n io (1 tul + cube <Lat. cūpa, Stokes Ériu ii 14 . Cf. cuif, cuife).

(a) a large vessel for holding wine, vat: ind telchubi gl. cadi, Sg. 180a1 . is cumma lemm bid i taulchubu fhína no beth mo chend lasin [n]gáeth dotháet tairsiu, TBFr. 48 . beir dam co tinni dó ┐ taulchuma fína, LU 5553 = TBC-I¹ 1072 . .vii. taulchubi de fín and, LU 11045 . ochtach (sc. cidh dombeir [i] nairechus hi ?), a bi[th] a tulc[hub]a `pine ? its being in the puncheon,' Laws iv 150.4 Comm. intreb tige .i. tulchuba ┐ eana ┐ dromlacha, v 392.12 Comm. a se nemid (?) coairt damtinde tulcuma do righ molt miach muilenn do couirt (sic leg. ?), O'D. 2209 ( Nero A vii, 144b ). daucha ocus tulchupha, Anecd. ii 58.16 . gabais Fīachra in tulchoba fína, ZCP viii 304.34 . Cf. Ériu iv 110.4 . tucad telcoma lan d'fhin otha tire Franc , Lism. L. 4408 . bádudh M. ... i telchuma fhína, RC xvii 132.20 =in dolio, AU i 44.21 .

(b) cup, goblet, bowl: crater .i. tailchube, Sg. 95b5 . cuif .i. tulc[h]uba, Corm. Y 374 . creitir .i. sīthal nō ardig nō tulchuba, 392 . gretiur .i. a cratera .i. ō thulchoba, O'Mulc. 648 . crether (criathar, v.l.) .i. airdhech no tulchuba, O'Dav. 353. cuipe co fín .i. amal tulcuma fína, ZCP iii 222.27 . in dabach ┐ in t-easgra ┐ in tulchoma, O'D. 2310 ( Rawl. B 506, 31b ). amail an tilcoma ... rodibraic P. ... aran laechraid ... ar bansib P. `goblet,' TTebe 943 . Cf. tulchabha briathar `a bowlful of words' (heading of a list of kennings), O'Gr. Cat. 90.37 (cf. 1 tulach II (d)).