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1 airbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airbe or dil.ie/1609
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Airbiu

vn. of ar-fen. io, [n.] d s. Airbiu, LL 14067 . Later f. (often as dental stem) oirbe, IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) hedge, fence, paling: ní bíd clad na hairbi na caissle im thír, LU 10568 . cūaille airbed inna lāim, Cáin Ad. § 3 . dogníther cuairt nairbed uime, Thr. Ir. Gl. 22.29 = d'imbe, Corm. Y 674 . teit C. . . . ┐ ataig a thraig fri airrbe, LL 14115 . bla cuaille airbi, Laws iii 290.10 . caithe tar a.¤ , iv 124.z Comm. teit tar airbid do saigid feoir aili, 110.27 Comm. aithgin na n-aile ┐ na n-a.¤ ón macc, i 98.8 Comm. re hoiledaib ┐ re hairbedaibh, iii 186.2 Comm. ailedha ┐ airbedha, O'Dav. 281 . cith . . . cor bris gach oirbi i tarla, RC xviii 151.3 (Tig.). a tighe ┐ a airbeadha, AFM ii 652.3 . co ndernsat daingen airbhe etorra ┐ a namhaitt, vi 2220.17 . a.¤ druad druidic hedge, name of some magic obstruction to keep off an enemy (see TTr. p. 129 , V. SS. Hib. i clxi ): co raeirgatar a n-airbeda drúad impu, LL 239a47 ( TTr. 1672 ). F. . . . as é do righne ind erbhe ndruadh do Diarmait, AFM i 194.11 . Fig. a a.¤ ibair ` yew fence ' (term of reproach addr. to a person), Bruchst. i 27 § 60 . Mathias tend eirbe, Gorm. Jan. 30 . Of a shield: gur bo hoirbhe tréitholl . . . an tromsgiath don toinnseamh sin, ML 88.17 . Cf. tolla. (1 toll).

(b) Various applications. pen for animals: acht bid o lias no a.¤ adriastar a laegh `provided it be in . . . a pen her calf is tied', Laws iii 228.7 . tuircc airrbe, O'Curry 881 ( H 3.18, 394b ); 'a pen-reared(?) boar' EIF 85 . a brog no a lamann do fagbail don gataid a mbel na ha.¤ , 2427 ( Eg. 88, 33(34)d ). maic becca doairchellat bó ┐ cethra olchena im airbhetha `within their pens', Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ruba lín in fiada .i. cosa in lín .i. osairbe . . . .i. fer benas ruba lin i tír a chéli cin athchomarc .i. . . . in a.¤ (of catching game by driving it into a space enclosed by a deer-fence), O'Dav. 1366 . le hosnaduibh elbhadh / a n-orsanaibh oirbedh, IGT Decl. ex. 156 . Of the ribs of the body: airbhe .i. asna, O'Cl. co ndrochradar . . . doid fri dóid . . . ┐ airbhi fri hairbhi, TBC-LL¹ p. 381 n.6 . acc aicsin a airrbhi bháin / forsan tráigh ós Aingi uair, AFM i 480.15 . a dá a.¤ `his two ribs', Metr. Dinds. iii 372.87 . toidet . . . a.¤ in mīl mhōir, Ériu ii 124 § 71 . Of fighting-men phalanx, serried rank: cenmotha na ha.¤ mora Maicedondai, Alex. 43 . athe regdai a n-airrbe friu, Rawl. 83b12 (= airbre, Ériu vi 121.z ). crothais A. a.¤ īath nEthomuin, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 3 ( Rawl. 116c 13 ). na hairbheda órarmacha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.10 . ag taobscannradh a tiugoirbedh `their close-packed files', 67.38 . do dhruim comharc . . . nó togharma an airbhe, L. Cl. A. B. 46.38 . go rabatar na rígcholna ina réidairbedaib ar na raonródaib (description of carnage), Caithr. Thoirdh. 42.6 . fálairbi ferrda . . . Frangc , MR 214.17 . gor ba a.¤ aighbéil anrata iat-sein eturru (of raised weapons), 140.11 . In n.loc. A.¤ Roḟir in Conaille Murthemne, see Walsh, ZCP viii 555 . Dún na nAirbed, LU 399 .

Cf. eirbe.

1 dlúth, dlúith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dlúth, dlúith or dil.ie/17082

 

Forms: dluith, dluthi, dluith, dluidhibh

adj (also occas. with -ŭ-, see Celtica iii 177 ) close, compact, dense: dluith (gl. densus), Ir. Gl. 636 . ont sluag d.¤ gl. denso agmine, Gild. Lor. 39 . cini dlúith lib int oíntu sin though ye do not deem that union close, Wb. 12b9 . dluthi gl. condensa, Ml. 48d18 ; gl. densatas, 120d13 . in talam dluith do indluch, 129d8 . lassa lar ṅdluith continenti solo, 89d18 . cona dlumaib dluthaib, SR 3367 . ni regat cuirp na hesergi tri churpa dluthi dense bodies, PH 6745 . hi corpaib dlútaib ┐ i corpaib tiugaidib bias esergi . . . ní i corpaib sémib mar aer nó gáith substantial, RC xxv 244 . rochumaiscseadar neoill . . . na firmaminti cor-ua dorchatu dluith iter muir ┐ tir, TTebe 1964 . doratsat dorchai dluthi dar Mag nÁi (= tenebras densas), Lat. Lives p. 23 . fidhnemhedh dlúith, CCath. 1766 . do-sn-eim dos dluit[h], Fianaig. 14 . i mmullach croinn dosaigh dhlúith, BS § 61 . na coillti . . . is dluithi ┐ is doimtachta densest and most impenetrable, CF 820 . (Arann) d.¤ a fraigred re fedhaib, SG 102 . cath dlúith daingean do dhéanamh dóibh féin, Keat. iii 4435 . fāl-airbi firdluith Frangc , MR 214 . cor-ba dluithither re cleith . . . in lini sleg, TTebe 2822 . criathar dluith a close (fine-meshed) sieve, PCT 1120 . ionar . . . co cciumhius dluith deghfhighthi, BS § 8 . cochlān caemdlūith, Fianaig. 50 . luiriuch dluith, CCath. 4677 . tucadar dubgona dluithi ar a cheli close together (i.e. numerous, repeated), CF 129 . póga dlúithe, Book of O'Conor Don 273a19 . Close, in proximity (to): leath atōibe (.i. as dluith) co dú . . ., PH 6689 . gér dhlúith dá chéile ar gcumann, DDána 101.44 . an t-allus becc . . . teagmaidh se ona póirib do ueith dlúith closed up, 3 C 22, 19a4 . in sele geal dluith no cnapanach thick, viscous , 3 C 19, 247 ra 11 . Of a sound: as dluithe ┐ as daingne dochluinnteir an guth ann (i.e. the sound is focused in that position), 24 P 3, 183.18 . Fig. nā tuill buide mblāith | fria duine nach dlúith `one who is not steadfast', KMMisc. 274 . gut[h] blāith im deismerecht dluith cogent proof (example ?), ACL iii 306 . ropat dlúthe a nadmann firm, binding , Tec. Corm. § 6.47 . isnaib cānaib dlūthib stringent (?), Corm. Y 48 . With FRI: is dlúith fri Críst mo chaingean `with C. my cause is bound up closely', SG 55 . Compar. feibh is dlúite rotaitset braenghal ferthana, CCath. 1282 . Adv. tuirt mor do maithib Grég ina thimchell co dluith close around him, Alex. 66 . ata [Milan] ar n-a suidhiughadh co comhfhairsing dluith daoinechar ar ferannetc., compactly, Fl. Earls 96 . Repeatedly, assiduously, intently: pōigis hē cu dluith ┐ cu dicrach, Lib. Flav. ii 2 va 50 . co dluith denmnetach ic a tuargain, CCath. 5754 .

As subst. in pl.: a catha, . . . a drobeala, a dlutha, a donala, tight corners, fixes (?), Ériu iv 162 . tuighe rigbaile ic a scuabadh ina dluidhibh deilighthe re gaith in separate masses, CCath. 5896 (perh. d p. of dlúthe).

Compds.

(a) With nouns: ¤buaile: gur hosluiced dorus . . . ar in n-dluthbhuailid close phalanx, Caithr. CC 33.5 . ¤chertugud: ag dingi ┐ ag d. na n-allmurach a ceann a cheili pressing hard, CF 806 . ¤chiall : dlūith-ciall i cáinstarib, ACL iii 218 § 5 . ¤chomrád intimate (eager?) conversation: dlúthcomhradh in churadh . . . ré na giolla, TBC-LL¹ p. 481 . dluthchomhrádh na bhfer, Acall. 235 . ¤chros: a dhlúthchros fa dtú ag tuirrse | tú mhúchfas mo mheadhair-se, DDána 65.2 . ¤ecor dense array: daire dluithegair, Ériu iii 164 . ¤éra a blank refusal , Top. Poems 10 . ¤ḟid: a ndiamair an dluithḟeda, AFM vi 1918 . ¤gluasacht: coill gan crith duille gan dluthgluasacht, Lib. Flav. ii 6 rb 28 . ¤imáin: ag dírgheadh ┐ acc dlúithiomáin a shelbha driving in a dense herd, AFM vi 2198 . ¤mong: d. clustering hair , DDána 99.32 . ¤néll: a mbith ina ndluithne[o]ll . . . isin aer uassaibh, CCath. 5661 . ¤ṡnechta: in cith dluithsnechta ro fear ann, RC xxiii 418 § 32 .

(b) With adjj.: ¤aimréid: fo choilltibh ndosach ndlúithaimhréidh dense and rugged , AFM vi 1912 . ¤barrach: doisiubair dluthbarracha, CCath. 4109 . ¤choem: noí mbaindelba dluthchoema `fair and firm', Metr. Dinds. ii 28 . ¤daingen. adv. ro coirighset co d. immo tigerna, CCath. 5786 . ¤iatta: i gcarcair . . . dúnta dlúith-iatta, TSh. 2710 . ¤maisech: mong donnchas dluthmaisech, BB 427b26 . ¤mer: comrac dluthmhear, CF 484 . ¤niamda: iorradh daingen dlúithniamda ` well-knit, flashing armour ', O'Gr. Cat. 376 . ¤ṡlim: dot chéib dhluithslim, O'Gr. Cat. 411 .

(c) With vbs.: ¤daingnigid: ro dlúthdaingnighit doirsi na cathrach `were closely secured', CCath. 1712 . ¤dingid: ro dluthdingset cach i cend araili `pressed hard', CCath. 3174 . ¤lenaid: mairg dan dluithleanann an daidbreas closely follows , Lib. Flav. ii 5 rb 53 . ¤scaraid: ó dhlúthsgarais mise is mo bhean, Gadelica 257 .

Dreollainne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dreollainne or dil.ie/18667

 

n.loc. do ghluaisios rí Frangc co ráinic an D.¤ , SG 299 . ingen ríg na D.¤ , ib. ag toraidheacht inghine ríogh na Drolainne Móire, O'Rah. (1911) p. 297 . See Hog. Onom.

fáebar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáebar or dil.ie/20997

 

Forms: fáebra, fáobhar

n o, m. (but n p. fáebra, LU 9617 ). fáobhar, IGT, Decl. § 17 .

I

(a) a sharp edge (of a sword or blade, also of a shield; seldom of pointed weapons): faobhar sgeo rinn, Ériu xiii 21.10 . mesir arm iarna ḟaobhruibh, 41.30 . hi fáebur in bélae the axe-edge LU 9027 (gloss) ( FB 77 ). ise in biail innraic ... tri meoir lethed a foebuir ..., O'Curry 884 (< H 3.18, 395b ). cromsciath co foebar condualach fair, TBC-I¹ 1158 = faebur chonduala, LU 5637 . cosmuiles in cloidim ar a mbitt in da faebur like a two-edged sword Laws v 222.25 Comm. dobert D. beim do faebur a gae tar mocoll ind lín, LU 1929 . la fáebru na ngaí, 8202 ( FB 15 ). meilid faebra, TBC-I¹ 3446 = melat fáebair, TBC-LL¹ 5831 . d'faebraip na tuagh ┐ na claidem, CCath. 5876 . faobar na sgene no na tuaighe, O'Dav. 1009 . mar ḟáobhar sgían mbearrtha IGT, Decl, 2043 . cuirfe sé fáobhair [sic] air a chloidheamh whet his sword Psalms vii 12 . gér amhuil cloidheamh dhá fáobhar, Proverbs v 4 . Of a bone: gérithir altan ... faebur a lurgan MR 20.3 .

(b) a sharp-bladed weapon: faibur .i. claideb (gl. machera) Ml. 75b11 . bla faebur `the exemption as to an edged weapon' Laws iii 236.23 . amal tregdas anmain duine foebur tria corp, ZCP iii 26.27 . dosoi foebar fri Fergail, RC xxiv 54.12 . grith faebair, Rawl. 124az = Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17.4 . i mbiat fáebra fri fáebra, LU 9617 ( ZCP iii 208 ). níngabat renna no airm no faebair itir, TBC-LL¹ 1263 . ni ba heccal dó faobhra nád gallra, BNnÉ 293.1 . (faobhair v.l.). rop scíath fri fóebra fégi, Hy v 97 . cen armu, cen fáebru, MU² 644 ( LL 266b44 ). cen inad rend ┐ arm ┐ fáebur do dénam de, MU² 331 ( LL 264b5 ). faibraib derggaib with red sword-blades Rawl. 115a45 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40.12 . iarna fóebraib fennad `after flaying them with sword-edges' Fél. Prol. 48 .

(c) a sharp-edged tool: saer istig ┐ faebhur, BB 25b33 = Leb. Gab.(i) i 46 . faebar la soer, Leb. Gab.(i) i 30 .

II Fig. keenness, sharpness; hence apex: faobhar ann ara fhertoiph `there is the acme of his mighty works' BNnÉ 284.32 . gan freagra faobhair without keen retort. Ó Bruad. iii 4 . an chruinne ar a fáobhar fúm, IGT, Decl. ex. 15 . Metaph: ? cis duar dían drongaighther i bfaobhraibh foimhdin, Ériu xiii 26.2 = i foebuir foimdib, O'Dav. 883 . in Laws, Comm.: orba for set n-imfaebair .i. ferann do-berar for conair .i. ime ada faebur, foebra la fine a cuingid cucu, foebrach léisi a aisec uaithi, Laws iv 46.25 . cuich in imaebur adeir ann? .i. ... faebur laisin fine im aisic don ingin ... ┐ faebur laisin ingin a aisic aris don fine (an explanation of im(f)aebair `double-edged, equivocal,' see Thurneysen, Ir. Recht 81 , 82 ), Laws iv 48.9 . fri (re) f.¤ coincidently with, at the time of: ni dernad do ulcc hi Connachtaib re faebar gabala rigi dosom achtmad oenslat ar sligid na Cruaiche, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 3 (= ALC i 268 ; corresp. to: re hucht gabhala, AFM iii 214.6 ).

III As npr. m.: Nemnuaill maic Faebair (a progenitor of Míl) Fianaig. 30.3 . o Chonand mac Febair, LL 6a45 . o Conaing mac Ḟaebhair, BB 27a9 . Conaing mac Faobhair, Keat. i 178 .

Compds. With adj. ¤derg: Cethern mac fial foebuirderg Fintain, TBC-I¹ 2760 = faebarderg red-bladed Ériu i 116.15 . Echaid faeburderg, LL 127b34 . Eochaidh Faeburderg, MacCarthy 296.2 . ¤gér sharp-edged: coibleng ... fuilech foebargher, Aen. 2371 . ¤glan clean- or bright-edged; epithet of javelins: i suaineamnaiph a fogad faebharglan, CCath. 5552 . ¤glas: gai fota faebarglas blue-bladed TBC-I¹ 2047 . As sobriquet, Eochaid Faeburglas, Rawl. 147a16 . LL 127b32 . ¤glicc skilful in wielding weapons: flaith na fian faebairglic, Acall. 664 . ¤nocht: bare-bladed (with unsheathed sword): a ḟlaith na fian faebharnochd, Acall. 1441 . ¤the: hot-edged, keen-edged: colg faobhairthe, TD 19.8 . sluagh f. ` keen-bladed host ' 3.21 . With subst.: ¤béim stroke with the edge of a weapon (?) TBC-LL¹ 1890 . ¤chless ` edge-feat ' name of a warlike feat: fáeborchles, LU 9291 . Ériu iv 30.9 . the edge of a weapon (?). TBC-LL¹ 1890 . ¤chless `edge-feat,' name of a warlike feat fáeborchles, LU 9291 . Ériu iv 30.9 . faeborcless, LU 5969 = TBC-I¹ 1501 . imma chromscíath ... cona bil áithgéir co tescfad finna i n-aigid srotha ... inbaid fogníth ... fáeborchless di is cumma imthescad dá scíath ┐ dá sleg ┐ dá chlaideb, LU 6433 = TBC-I¹ 1919 . dogni ... faeborchles don claidiub imma chend, BDD 148 . uii. bfaobhairchleasa, ZCP x 287.2 . ic faebarchless chlaideb uastu LL 266a10 ( MU² 541 ). Fig. in faebarchles feichemnais sin `this feat of accusation' MR 298.8 . Hence adj.: fálairbi ferrda ... faebar-clesach Frangc ` sword-dexterous ' MR 214.17 . ¤gal keen valour: rī ... co faebargail, Rawl. 85a5 . ¤gleó combat with sword or weapons TBC-LL¹ 3213 . ¤glond exploit or deed of arms: fri fúam febda faebarglonn, SR 6790 . ¤nél an edged, i.e. lightning-shedding cloud: re feirg bfaoboirnél bfuiglech `of the armed ( jagged ?) vociferous clouds' O'Gr. Cat. 451.11 .

1 fál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fál or dil.ie/21231

 

Forms: fala, fáltaigib, fáltaib, fál

n o, m. cf. fál o, m. IGT, Decl. § 96 . (orig. neut. ? n p. fala, Laws v 500.9 ). The pl. forms fáltaigib, fáltaib, cited below, are perhaps caused by contamination with 1 búaile (q.v.) which is common in similar contexts. A fence, hedge, enclosure: fál `a hedge' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 334 . domfarcai fidbaidae fál a hedge of trees overlooks me Thes. ii 290.7 . fri frega f.¤ `against the wall-fence' 293.22 ( SP ii 9 ). clár cóir cobsaid ... fal fri fóir forsaid, SR 982 (cf. fal ḟossud 986 ). draighneach bis i fal...`a blackthorn which is in a ... fence' Laws iv 150.11 Comm. felmae quasi fal im bae, ar is fal fedae focorthar ind, O'Mulc. 511 . ro choimhrithsat na huain ar amus a maithrech, ár ní raba fal eatarra, Lism. L. 4847 . ba fal re mbruchtud robarta `a hedge against the swelling of a spring-tide' (of a hopeless undertaking), Cog. 162.22 . focherd-san a ḟál mbodhbha ... i n-imthimcheall ceitri n-ollchóiged nErenn, TBC-LL¹ p. 381 n. 1 , cf. 'na cathchliathaibh ... ┐ 'na faltaighibh bodba umpu, CCath. 2691 (faltaibh v.l. see Compds. below, under -tech). fál catha, CCath. 1722 = moenia clausa ... iuvenum Luc. Phars. iii 373 . fal mara `a sea-wall ' (expl. of Fālgai = Fālchae) Ériu ii 22.11 . fál tonnmhuire 'na thimchioll the billowing sea as hedge TD 28.35 . g s. nach faicci ... inad in fail? `the site of the wall' (of a camp) CCath. 2997 . athnuagugad na mur ┐ tormach na rath ┐ na ḟal (of fortifying Troy) LL 407a42 . d'faltaib in longphuirt, CCath. 5421 . fá na fáltuibh, Luke xiv 23 . do bhris tú a ḟálta uile all his hedges Psalms lxxxix 40 . do phlanduigh ... fíneamhain ┐ do chuir fál uimpe (= saepivit eam) TSh. 10484 . leim tar fal amach a leap over the hedge (i.e. an evasion) Luc. Fid. 286.7 . Often fig.: nai ngrad na gnath-ṡairsi | bud f.¤ fam naomhaib-si, ZCP viii 214.10 . inti scuchas fal dochraite dibh the barrier of oppression Laws iv 376.16 Comm. f.¤ na fírinde, IGT, Decl. ex. 1068 . mar chleathaibh ceangail ar an bhf.¤ bhfírinne se, TSh. 6714 . f.¤ na foghluma, Studies 1924, 89 . na soibhéasa bhíos 'na bhf.¤ timcheall na hanma, TSh. 1469 . ... atáid 'na bhfál re broscar bíodhbhadh, Keat. Poems 35 . In Laws, a legal barrier: cis lir fala for iadat dilse cacha selba, SM Facs. 1a20 (`how many are the bars which shut up the right to every kind of property ?' Laws v 500.9 ). fal fine (.i. inn imi dani in fer fini, etc.) ib. SM Facs. 23 ( Laws v 500. 10 ). muna tuctar, is fal `unless they are given, it is a bar' Laws v 504.5 Comm. fal anfaitcis (.i. ... in ime doni in tí ac na bi faitechus ceille co comlan), Laws v 508.19 . Cf. ZCP iv 227 . fal fingaili (= the murder of a kinsman as an impediment to assuming sovereignty) Leb. Cert. 110.17 .

Compds.: ¤airbe hedge-fence: (fig. of an encircling phalanx) fál-airbi ferrda ... Frangc , MR 214.17 . ¤chip close phalanx: pl. fālchipeada fēigi, 224.6 . ¤chliath a hurdle: co rallsat ... falcliatha sciach ┐ draigen isin n-āth, Dinds. 61 . ¤dos = a thornhedge: Micah vii 4 . ¤tech (?) an enclosure, pen: alma ┐ éiti ... iarna lecud as a faltaigib ┐ a fidbualtib, LL 265a9 ( MU² 390 ). Cf. CCath. 2691 cited above.

1 finn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 finn or dil.ie/22134
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: findgil, findban, findflatha, findfocla, finnfoclaibh, findnémand, findtopraib

adj o-ā

(a) white (gen. bright white = Lat. candidus): bright, lustrous . Of color: tarb find, LU 3450 ( SCC 23 ). laith find (i.e. milk), Laws i 64.4 . trisin mbrat find (= pallio albo) Tur. 55 . Inis Bó finde, Fél. Aug. 8 . bolca finda (ref. to vescis candentibus) Ml. 99a4 . isa leth i mbátár na finna the side the white [sheep] were LU 1736 (= trēt gel, 1729 ). an focherded caírig find tar sonnach ... bá dub fó chetóir 1731 . Equat. finnithir canach slébe as white as mountain cotton-grass BDD 109 . Of lustrous objects: síthbe find findairgit, LU 10216 ( TEm. 14 ) = find forargit, LU 8634 ( FB 47 ). úatne finna forórda, LU 3687 ( SCC 33 ). i gcrích Ulad na n-es bfionn, O'Gr. Cat. 453.14 . fionn .i. follas, O'Cl. find .i. taitnemach, Stowe Gl. 175 . O'Cl. (fionn). As subst.: co find na matne till dawn TTr.² 1895 . Cf. corice in findmatin arnámhárach (leg. find, m. a. ?) 1656 . finn (name of letter b in a species of Ogham), Auraic. 5669 .

(b) fair, light-hued (of complexion, hair, etc.): línḟolt find forórdae fair, BDD 75 . find uile in fer sain eter ḟolt ┐ rosc ┐ ulcha ┐ abratchur ┐ dechelt, TBC-LL¹ 5348 = TBC-I¹ 3293 . in dias ... finna dib línaib cona foltaib ┐ a mbrataib ┐ it gilithir snechtae, BDD 99 . ben ... mong find fuirri, TBC-I¹ 2790 . ni thuca in finn ḟotai do not marry a tall fairhaired woman ZCP viii 112.30 . Common as sobriquet in this sense.

As subst.: in fhind robo scíamach 'the fair one that was beautiful', Celtica xxv 23 § 7 .

(c) fair, handsome (oft., but not necessarily, implying fairness of complexion): slog find forderg, LU 3866 ( SCC 38 ). mná finna, LU 8713 ( FB 53 ). nim geib format fri fer find I envy not a handsome man ZCP vi 267.3 . fer find (of Cú Chulainn, described as `dub' LU 8673 . 10218 ) LU 4546 = TBC-I¹ 58 is quoted by O'Cl. in illustration of 5 finn, q.v. In proper names: Be Ḟind, npr. f. LU 10843 . Bé Find, TBFr. § 1 . Bé bhind, Acall. 6904 . Bé Bhionn, DDána 91.17 . (see 1 bé). Ó Dálaigh Fiond (surname), ... ar an ó atá an moladh and sin Ó Dálaigh Ḟind ... ar Dálach atá an moladh and, § 168 , § 169 . In phr. with Donn and Dub meaning a nobody : ​ a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

(d) bright, blessed (freq. in religious poetry): is find a mbethu (gl. beati quorum ...) Wb. 2c2 . féil find Fergnai, Fél. Mar. 2 . búaid find Ualentini , Dec. 16 . la paiss find Faustíni , Oct. 8 . ar mbága finna (: thinga, v.l. thenga) Hy vi 17 (`our white fights' Thes.). in Fiada find (of God), Trip. 140.23 . munbad omun Fiadhat find, Ériu ii 229.10 . hi Fíadat find fíni `in the vine of the white Lord' Fél. Ap. 6 . Common epithet of saints: ceol cethri sanct find fichet SR 584 . (cf. seniores ... vestimentis albis Rev. iv 4 ) Fél. Jan. 9 , 14 ; Feb. 24 , Nov. 29 , Dec. 12 , etc. In n.l.: Mag Finn, Metr. Dinds. v 196 . Cf. in Finn faídech (name of a bell), s.v. faídech.

Cf. tarlagsa chucu dia fromad | focal finda filed, Anecd. i 47 § 4 (see also finn-focal in compds. below).

(e) in moral sense, fair, just, true: scél find fír, Ériu iv 132.2 . finda buana mo bretha, ZCP xi 91.8 . finn .i. fīr, Stowe Gl. 383 . fionn .i. fīrinne, O'Cl.

(f) of sounds: bro finn Fiachna `clear shout' O'Dav. 330 . Cf. the compd. finn-chéolán, below.

(g) of blighted corn: tornech ┐ tentich anbail ... gur milled moran do mes ┐ do torad ... ┐ cur fasadur arbanna finna fasa, Ann. Conn. 1328 § 3 (`corn grew whitish and empty' ALC i 607 ).

See finda.

Compds.

I With adj.:

(a) with adj. of color, denoting a light or bright shade (= Fr. clair, Germ. hell):

¤buide light-yellow: folt findbudi, TBC-LL¹ 213 . mongae findbudi BDD 84 ; 103 .

¤gel: Fiada findgel, SR 644 (cf. d above). Maire ... finngel, 4638 . g s m. Fiachach findgil , LL 127b6 ( MacCarthy 154 ). ¤rúad light auburn: ulcha findruad (of the apostle Philip), Ériu iii 194 § 7 . RC viii 363.13 . In: Forainn findruad, SR 3414 , ruad may mean strong.

(b) with other adjs. forming dwandwa-compds. ¤adbal: co flaith findadbail Fāelāin, 'prosperous powerful rule', Ériu xvii 38 § 1 . ¤aelta lime-white, white-washed: ` whitewashed ' P. O'C. don árus fhionnaolta, TSh. 2729 . foirccnemha fionnaolta, AFM v 1798.15 . ¤balc fair and strong: Eochaid findbalc, Metr. Dinds. ii 4.51 .

¤chas fair and curly: fer findcass foltlebor LL 120a43 . folt finnchas, Acall. 5992n .

¤chert: flaith findchert `noble righteous prince' Metr. Dinds. iii 452.39 . ¤fechtnach, see fechtnach. ¤lebor fair and long (or smooth): folt findleabor, Acall. 5992 . ¤lem fair and gentle: ind óg findlem ... | Maire ingen Ebraidé, SR 7503 . ¤mass fair and comely: dán findmas, Anecd. i 60 § 84 . ¤oll: ... A Dē ... | na roib coraither [ = co rāiter ?] immom | do bara findoll find-sa, ZCP viii 561.16 . ¤uar clear (?) and cold: i dtobar fhionnfhuar, TSh. 5047 . i madain focchmair fionnḟuair, AFM ii 932 (quot.). Cf. ind(ḟ)úar. ¤úallach: dáilimh ḟionnuallcha `fair, haughty cupbearers' TD 8.14 .

(c) with adj. derived from subst. compounded with finn: ¤bennach whitehorned , name of the bull of Connacht: LU 10400 . TBC-LL¹ 81 . Metr. Dinds. iii 370.66 (cf. 374.99 ). ¤chlothach: f. Bregh, Ériu xiii 21.22 . ? ¤lúasgach: áile laith ... fionnluasgach lí súla i mbí ina condull (of grain for malting), Ériu xiii 40.27 ( O'Dav. 1199 ). Possibly this belongs to finna. ¤nélach: flaith findnélach, LL 120b8 (cf. —nél). ¤súilech (cf. 3 finn ?), as sobriquet: C. occisus est on Ḟíndṡuilech RC xvii 403.18 (Tig.). AFM ii 884.2 .

II With subst.

(a) in various senses of the simple adj.: ¤airge a milch-herd: ocht fichit f., Acall. 514 . 1887 . 5985 (cf. 2 finn). ¤alt see finnalt. ¤argat white silver: síthbe findargit, LU 9262 . s. find findairgit 10216 . claideb co u-imdurnn findarcaid, TBC-I¹ 3345 . ¤bantracht band of fair women Acall. 5289 . ¤ben: g p. tri .l. findban , 6905 . ¤bile, fig. of pers.: in findbile `the noble prince ' Metr. Dinds. ii 8.1 . ZCP viii 226.19 . ¤bla: fál fri findblai `with a fair lawn' Metr. Dinds. ii 6.66 . ¤bliadain: cethri fichit findbliadna, LL 127b3 ( MacCarthy 154 ). ¤charn white carn: TBC-LL¹ 1203 (= carnd ngel, LU 5103 ). ¤cheólán blessed (?) bell: mór do findcheolanaib ceilebartha, Acall. 2610 . ar findcheolanuibh trath, 327 . ¤chles: finnclesa TBC-LL¹ 5512 St. ¤chóelach white (i.e. peeled) wattles: cét marclach do fhinnchaeluch (for building a house), Lism. L. 1572 . árach fionnchaolaigh, AFM vi 2218.1 . ¤choire: see findchoire. ¤delg white (i.e. silver) pin: .x. findelga (.i. airget), Ériu ii 5.5 . ¤ḟénnid: Iriel Fáid f., LL 127b17 ( MacCarthy 158 ). ¤feth: fine calm weather (? Cf. findbad): dorala f. doib for an ffairge, Leb. Gab.(i) i 258.11 . ¤flaith: g s. findflatha , BDD 100c (Y 1015 ). ¤focal fair word; magic (?) word: a p. ór nad fil lem ... findfocla frismberad F. fursunnud fiss, LL 259b29 ( IT i 68 ). fir domuin ... no ṡídaigfed da thrí finndfoclaib, LL 267b41 ( MU² 759 ). d p. i fis ┐ i foglaim ┐ i finnfoclaibh filedh, CCath. 4411 . basa bodhar foglime i findfocluib fis, ZCP xii 365.19 . ¤folt (of wave crests) Thes. ii 290.4 . ¤gáire a pleasant laugh: cia ro thibe fion[n]gāire, ZCP vi 267 § 6 . ¤gein: findgein Magdaléna `blessed nativity' Fél. July 22 . cf. findgen grían, ZCP xi 109 § 15 . ¤Goídel: sliocht fionnGaoidil, Léachtaí Cholm Cille xxiv 110 § 47 . ¤lebar: do findleabraib trāth (books of hours), Acall. 2610 . re finnleabhraibh fileadh, TD 5.7 . ¤maten dawn, morning: corice in findmatin arnámhárach, TTr.² 1656 (possibly find, m., see under a above). ¤mónann cowberry: ethad in ḟindmonai[n] (leg. ḟindmonainn; in ḟínemain, ind finemain, v.ll.) na [in in] brecce na crand crin 'essen sie die Preißelbeere oder die Rinde(?) dürrer Bäume', ZCP xxx 150.31 . ¤nél: white mist: findnél na cailce, RC xiii 456.19 (cited under finnell .i. nell fionn, O'Cl. Cf. finnell). ¤nem: fortacht ar Fíadat findnime, Hy iii 4 . ¤némand white pearl: g p. frossa findnémand , TBC-LL¹ 208 . ¤rop the small intestine: see findrop. ¤ṡlúag, Fél. May 23 . ¤sruth a fair stream: as n. fl. MU² 264 . findṡruth arggait, Imr. Brain § 40 . Fig.: nis fuinchessa co finnsrothaib airchetail .i. [na filid] icatāit na srotha taitnemhacha , ( O'D. 1220 (< H 2.15A p. 85 - 6 ). filidh nis fuinchesa go ffiondṡrothaibh aircheadail, Ériu xiii 51.12 . ( O'Mulc. 600 ). Finnsruth Fithil (name of a law tract), Laws i 120.1 Comm. Here perhaps: ara naisc finnsruth findtigha, Laws iv 38.10 (emended to ¤sru[i]th, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137 , perhaps wrongly). Cf. the adj. findsrothach (versed in the (treatise) `Finnsruth' ?): dia mba brethem ba faṡach, ba f., O'D. 2227 ( Nero A vii, 153a ). ¤topar fair, clear spring: d s. mor do findtopraib , SR 500 .

(b) forming stable compds. in which the meaning of the subst. is modified: ¤choll whitebeam (?) (ZCP xvii 177-84 , Celtica xi 118 ): fidṡlatta findchuill, TBC-LL¹ 1434 . lorg findchuill, Acall. 3489 . ¤fúarad cooling, refreshment , see ind(ḟ)úar and cf. ¤úar above. Hence finnfúaraigid refreshes: an t-aiéor fhionnfhuaruighios mé, Mac Aingil 43.8 . ¤scél a story, a legend: se fichit findscél na fíann | foclas cech fili, LL 145a49 . finn-sgéal filidheachta, TSh. 7418 . Keat. ii 2336 . ¤scoth [leg. fíon— ?] hound's tongue (plant-name) Hog. Luibhl. cionoglosa .i. an ḟionscoith, 23 K 42, 400.2 . ¤uma white copper (species of bronze ?): fedana finduma, Acall. 2441 . fetan f., 7600 (of brooches). sceith co caladbualtib finnuma, LL 266b16 ( MU² 609 ). sonnach finduma, Anecd. ii 7.1 . Cf. findruine.

(c) occas. seems used in an ironical sense: as an bhfionnfregradh sin (of an opponent's answer), Luc. Fid. 295.15 . go gcead d[obh]ar bhfionnraidhtibhsi your glib assertions 207.1 .

(d) in poetry freq. prefixed to names of persons, tribes and places: fionnMhuire, Dán Dé ii 21 . fionnGhaoidhil, TD 1.56 . re fóir bhfionnBhaoille, 16.62 .

III In proper names.

(a) of persons: see Zimmer, KZ xxxii 158 ff ., Meyer, Wortk. 213 .

(b) common in place-names: Finn-glas, ¤glenn, ¤loch, ¤mag, etc., see Onom.

(c) in people-names: ¤gall a fair-haired foreigner orig. applied to Norwegians settled in Ireland (opp. to Dubgall Dane): Ragnall ... rí Finngall ┐ Dubgall, AU 920 . forgla Frangc ┐ Findgall, MR 110.11 . Later used of the Anglo-Norman invaders and their descendants, opp. to Gall = a contemporary invader: araill d'uaislibh na bFionnghall dusfangatar an insi fecht riamh ... ind agaidh na nGall dusficcset fa dheóidh a críochaibh Saxan, Hugh Roe 12.4 (f. 3a) . an Róisteach ... ┐ a bhen ... d'écc ... ┐ ni bhaí dfionnghallaibh Ereann ... lánamain rob oirdearca ináit-sidhe, AFM v 1798.11 . Of people of Hebrides (see Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 13 ): Ailín ler coisnadh clár Fionnghall, Rel. Celt. ii 218.5 . Crioch Fhionnghall anaimsir ailín, 220.21 . ¤ genti white heathens (contr. with Dub-g., q.v.), Norsemen: lucht ocht xxi t long di ḟindgentib AU 851 . Finngheinnte, Keat., iii 2457 . ¤lochlonnach a Norwegian (opp. to Dubl. a Dane); `a name given in Ireland to a Norweigian signifying Lakelander, in contradiction to a Dane who was called Dubhlochlannach i.e., a more foreign or strange lakelander' P. O'C. [gairthear] Fionnlochlonnaigh do lucht na Noruaegia, Keat. iii 2457 . Also the people of the Hebrides: Éireannaigh féin fionnLochlannaigh the Hebrideans are also Irish, CMCS xxxviii 23 . ¤lochlanna the Hebrides: i mbun a ghabháltuis féin i nAlbuin, agus i bhFionnlochlonnaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 51 § 7 . ¤genti `fair gentiles' (Norwegians) Cog. 20z . See AFM i p. 482 .

Frainc, Fraingc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Frainc, Fraingc or dil.ie/24242
Last Revised: 2019

 

nloc ā, f. (Lat. Francia) France : do bendaigh fos is in Frainc, Mart. Don. Aug. 30 . do siblaigh móran do thírthaib in domuin, mar ata an Fraingc ┐ an Almain, ZCP ii 2.3 . connaimsi ort noco n-impaídim isin Ḟraingc, Fier. 16 . maithe na Fraingce, SG 300.2 . achadh fēarghlas na Fraingce, Celtica xxvi 104 § 39 . See also Franc, Frangc .

franc, frangc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. franc, frangc or dil.ie/24241

 

Forms: Fraincc, Frainc, Affrainc, francamhus, f., -uis

n o, m. In the exx. earlier than the 12th cent. it seems a book-word, from Beda, Isidore etc. a Frank, later a Frenchman: Francus o tát Frainc, LL 142b27 (Dublitir ua Huathgaile) = Rawl. 77a4 . ni Fraṅc forbbaig act is Conall Grant, LL 183b52 . pl. Fraincc Patraic `P.'s Franks' Trip. 104.31 ( Francc, 1183 ). Frainc, Auraic. 224 = Affrainc, 2540 (YBL). Fraingc (i.e. the Normans) AU 1072 ( ii 24 ). flaithius Franc, Anecd. iii 66 (< Beda). [Lothar] for Franccaib `L. reigning over the Franks' SR 2371 . do Frangcaib a chenél, Lat. Lives 87 (of St. Martin, the Lat. has [S]abariae Pannoniae oppido oriundus fuit parentibus non infimis). fri Frangcaib ┐ fri Lochlannaib tarrustaír i farrad Césair, CCath. 1307 . a Ffrangcaibh in France Duan. F. i 5.2 = ii 344 . ba do [F]raṅccaib ... Conces `C. was of the Franks' (i.e. Patrick's mother) Hy ii Comm. ( Thes. ii 309.19 ). For further exx. see Onom.

Compds. ¤amus : cia airm itát fraṅcamais mo thige ? ar Conchobar, RC xiv 426 ( LL 111a36 ) ; `strong soldiers' Stokes, suggesting derivation either from O.W. franc mod. ffranc `a youth' or from O.N. frakkr `fortis' ; Plummer suggests A.S. franca `spear' ; the meaning may be `Frankish' or `foreign,' hence foreign mercenaries . francamhus `a Gaulish mercenary ', Meyer, Misc. Hag. Hib. § 21 . f.¤ [leg. -uis] Medbha, Celt. Rev. iii 130 .

¤bérla the French language: frangcbérla, Maund. 124 . fraingcbhéurla `the French tongue' RSClára 35a .

¤luch a rat (= luch francach) : na franclochaidh ga folach | a n-ardchlochaibh, IGT, Decl. ex. 714 . See also Frainc, Fraingc.

guidid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. guidid or dil.ie/26788
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Forms: gu(i)did, -guid, guides, guithir, guiter, -geiss, -gé, n-ges, gessir, -gessar, gigse, -gigius, giges, gigestar, gáid, gáde, gessa, guidestar, guided, gessi, guidim, guidmini, nobguidet, gute, guid, gudeth, nges, nongesmais, araroigsitis, gádhuis

v prays, begs , see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 550.

Pres. ind. sg. 3 gu(i)did, -guid ; rel. guides ; pass. guithir (sic), rel. guiter. pres. sub. sg. 2 -geiss, 3 -gé ; rel. n-ges ; pass. gessir ; -gessar. pl. 2 gestisi, Mon. Tall. 158 § 75 , ZCP xxv 257-59 . fut. sg. 1 gigse, -gigius ; rel. 3 giges ; rel. pass. gigestar. pret. sg. 3 gáid ; rel. gáde ; pass. gessa ; Mid. Ir. pret. sg. 3 (depon.) ro guidestar ; perf. pass. ro guided . part. necess. gessi. vn. guide , f., q.v. supra.

Pres. ind. sg. 1 asfenimm .i. guidimm, Wb. 22a20 . guidim (gl. testificor), ib. 30d3 . Día nodguidiu fri cach tress `God, I beseech Him for every struggle,' Hy. v 17 . 3 is airi insin gudidsom hi tosuch intsailm, Ml. 88b15 . ni guid digail du thabairt foraib, ib. 42a4 . rel. ised guides amal sodin, 32d5 . guithir dāl ō Conc[h]obar, TBC-I¹ 3415 . is hed ón guiter and, Wb. 30d5 . pl. 1 guidmini, ib. 25d21 . ni ar nert in domuin guidmit, 15d18 . guidmit do Patraicc, Hy. iii 6 . cid ani nadguidemni `even what we do not pray for,' Wb. 21d10 . 3 nobguidet, 7b21 . rel. gute they who beseech (gloss on suplicantium), Ml. 134d8 .

Imper. sg. 2 guid, Bethu Brigte 10 § 30 . 3 gudeth Dia n-erum, Bethu Brigte 8 § 25 . pl. 2 gudid dia dileir, Ml. 68a15 . subj. pres. sg. 1 rolomur nundatges `I dare to entreat thee,' Ml. 21b5 . 3 arangé dilgud, Ml. 51a16 ; [incipit] supplicare gl. nges, ib. 39b3 . pass. ni etar cia gessir, Wb. 17d27 . rel. [oportet] ... orari (gl. ṅgesar), Ml. 51a17 . pl. 1 ni gessamni níi bes chotarsne diar nícc we should not pray for anything ..., Wb. 11a24 . rel. mat réte frecndirci gesme, ib. 4a27 . 2 ni gessid na aill act buáid precepte, 26a34 . 3 (perf.) conroigset dia nairiuibsi `so that they may beseech God for you,' 16c23 . subj. imperf. pl. 1 nongesmais, Ml. 21b1 . 3 conngestais huili taidchor as in doiri, ib. 131d13 . perf. araroigsitis (aroigsitis, MS) a tailciud asin doiri, 131d14 . fut. sg. 1 gigse-sa .i. mo soirad ar cech guasacht, Ml. 47d4 - 5 . gigsa in coimdiu cáid, Ériu i 68.26 . na ní nogigius ebarthi Dia `what I shall pray for, God will grant,' Ml. 46b12 . 3 (rel.) cech óin gessid .i. giges Dia, ib. 53c3 . 2 gigestesi dia, Wb. 14c2 a. second fut. sg. 3 ised rigigsed amal sodin, Ml. 32d5 . pret. sg. 1 amal rotgád-sa im anad i nEphis, Wb. 27d19 . 3 asrubart som rongaid dia ┐ rondcualae, Ml. 53b26 . gádhuis (MS gadhuis), CMT² 34 § 40 . rel. in clám gáde ailgis dí, Hy. v 49 . in macc amnas rodasgāid | Brigtae, ib. 35 . depon. ro guidhestar, Laws i 252.12 Comm. pl. 1 massu diing anrogadammar, Wb. 15c22 . 3 gādatar tíssed in nōeb, Hy. ii 17 . amal rondgadatar iii pueri, Ml. 131d14 . pass. sing. gesa (gessa, LU) do Fergus ... teacht ara chend, TBC-LL¹ 2144 . part. necess. is ed a eret is gessi Dia, Ml. 107d8 . gessi la lín martrae | Mael odrán mór mochtae, Fél. Dec. 2.

I prays to, entreats (with direct object of person addressed): nobguidimse (= adiuro vos), Wb. 25c29 . amal ṅguidess athir a macc, Wb. 24d19 . guidid dia eruibsi dogress, 27d7 . a Íssu not-guidiu, Fél. Prol. 265 . uasalathraig guidme `patriarchs whom we beseech,' Fél. Ep. 243 . dobera in t-athair nemdai maith di-a maccaib no-s-guidet, PH 5787 . gudem Críst `let us pray to Christ,' Ériu i 195.5 . guidid-siu co ferrda in coimdid, PH 2538 . áil dam ... bothnait dīamair i ngeisind (guighfinn v.l.) Dīa, KMMisc. 210.20 . cach aen guidhfes Colmān, BColm. 94.14 . nott aitchim ... gur guidhe in Coimde form, BNnÉ 91 § 196 . guidh hathair féin ata a bhfolach, Matthew vi 6 . guidhim go hárd thú, ZCP v 226.829 . vn. na naoimh do ghuidheadh, Luc. Fid. 306.2 . solicits (in evil sense): in rotguid-siu in clerech ?, RC viii 154.11 . cia as ionnraca dona mnáibh? … an mhéid nach guidhthior díoph, Celtica xviii 114 § 24 .

II guidid ní asks for something (with direct object of the thing desired) : ished inso noguidimm, Wb. 21a8 . mat réte frecndirci gesme ... intain guidmeni inducbáil diarcorp, ib. 4a27 . mad coair a ṅgestae `if what they pray be fitting,' Fél. Ep. 432 . in guide ron-gádsa, ib. 421 . rogaid Adam hitgi thren, SR 1629 . rogáid a theora guide ann, Ériu ii 202 § 20.

III With the object of the thing desired, the foll. constructions are found :

(a) guidid ní ar (for) neuch : guitter cardi chlaidib úand for Coinculaind, TBC-I¹ 1362 . guitter ónt slóg forru bith na tost, ib. 1426 . co ro-guider ar na haiib ro-chretset, PH 1415.

(b) guidid ní de neuch : nathir ... gaid dím a tichtu i Pardos, SR 1322 . rogaid díb ben maic Mágach | cairde co arnabárach, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.81 .

(c) g.¤ ní do neuch (where in later exx. do may be for de) : guidmini dúib, Wb. 26b8 . is airi gesu doib an daul (= dál) `that is why they were asked for the respite,' RC xii 72 § 41 . ro gáid Labraid dó anad dind imguin, LU 3791 ( SCC 36 ). is and gesa do Fergus ... teacht ara chend, TBC-I¹ 2144 . nach itge gigestar do Día ... ernfider, Ériu ii 196 § 12 . co mbad hed no gessed don Chommdid, Fél. Ep. 217.

(d) g.¤ ní for neuch, see (a). guidsius im anad forru she asked them for a delay, Laws i 250.19 .

(e) g.¤ ní ó neuch : roguidset aittrebthaide in tíre furtacht o Mártain, Lat. Lives 99.4 .

IV With the object of the person addressed, the foll. constructions are found :

(a) With prep. imm (fá ba), especially when the thing desired is expressed by a vn. : amal rot-gadsa im anad i nEphis, Wb. 27d19 . annongeiss cách imma chomalnad, Wb. 30b4 . gāid Cūrāi innī Amargine im lēgud ina tāna dar Tailtin, TBC-I¹ 2964 . roguided im dula isin comruc, ib. 2146 . cor guidistair ceathror comalta Cellaig um marbad Chellaich, Dinds. § 133 ( RC xvi 140.2 ). guid ... im dilgud dot' immarbos, SR 1607 . ro-guidius he im a throcaire do thecht form, PH 2786 . rogadamar in Coimdidh im fortacht duinn, Anecd. i 41.10 . ro-guid in coimdid bá indechad fors-in errig, PH 791 . do ghuidheadar rí Frangc fá chongnamh sluagh do thabhairt dó, Keat. ii 2568.

(b With the conjunction co : gāid dō dino co tairled in sligid dorīsi, TBC-I¹ 587 . not-guidimm co ro-airchise dimm, PH 1300 . guidh in Rí[g] réill ... | co tī d'aitreb do t[h]ighi, ZCP vi 264 § 2 . guidet in Coimdid co tarda fortacht dóib, Ériu ii 210 § 33 . ro-guidestar Piláit co n-ésted fris, PH 2775 . ro-guidset co tissed Michel, ib. 6293 . doghuidh a hathair Naemh Brigte co ndigsed co righ Laigen, Lat. Lives 81.6 .

(c) With a verb in the subjunctive : gādatar tīssed in nōeb, Thes. ii 313.1 . gudem Críst ara nérnam, Ériu i 195 § 10 .

V With ar (for), la (ri), dar cend, of the person for whom one prays :

(a) guidid dia eruibsi dogress, Wb. 27d7 . co ro-guider ar na haiib ro-chretset, PH 1415 . guidid-se form-sa co ro-léci dam dul i cennadaig aile, PH 2050 . nott aitchim ... gur guidhe in Coimde form, BNnÉ 91 § 196.

(b) gigestesi dia linn ara fulsam ar fochidi `ye will entreat God for us ...,' Wb. 14c2a . guid lind in ri firbrethach, Ériu i 122.9 . guidh lemsa do primgeine | dom saorad a mbrath, ib. 17 . corguiditis leo cen chlith | na huili grada, SR 1645 . aitchem in n-uli dúili ... co n-guidet in Coimdid lind, MacCarthy 64.15 . nách áon guides Dia lind guidemne Día lasuidiu if anyone prays to God for us, we pray to God for them, Mon. Tall. 158.25 . gestisi Dia lindi `Do ye pray God for us,' ib. 158.22 . guidhim Día riot, Ériu lxiii 58 § 38 .

(c) tar cend : guidiu itge ṅaile tarcenn fer in betha, Fél. Ep. 413 . guidfet-sa in coimde tar bar ceann, PH 2075 . acht mine guided Moysi mac Amra dar bar cend, 2831 .

legáit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. legáit or dil.ie/29743

 

Forms: léghóid, légháid

n m. Quantity of -e- and -a- in earlier language unascertainable and value of -g- variable: léghóid légháid, IGT Decl. § 112. (Lat. legatus).

Envoy, ambassador ; in eccles. contexts legate: ar imat a consal . . . ┐ a legaite, Trip. i xxviii 13 (for meaning here cf. Lewis & Short s.v. legatus B a and b). isin cet bliadin dend legáid (sic leg., Gwynn, Hermathena xx 262 ), MacCarthy 15.6 . Gallicanus .i. leghait do rig Roman tainic co tir Frangc , Fél. 158 § 26 . fuidhis léghaidhe . . . úadh d'innsaighi in tsenaidh, CCath. 385 . ar einach an leghaid ┐ Padraig, Misc. Ir. Ann. 1194.4 . M. . . . legait chomharba Pettair, Mart. Don. 294.17 . cur corustur legaiti ┐ letri leu . . . docum Gall Erenn, Ann. Conn. 1245.5 . do chuir [an pápa] a legaide .i. a thechtairedha . . . , BLism. 116 va30 . gé thug féin risin mbreith bhóid / a breith nír léir don léghóid, IGT Decl. ex. 1845 . as é an pápa tréna léugáidibh do bhí 'na phresidens ós na ceithre cēadchoma[i]rlibh, Mac Aingil 5538 . seanmóntuidhe Catoilice teachda ┐ leagáide Dé iad, 6980 .

1 lus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lus or dil.ie/31106
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: losa, luis, lois, Lusmhach

n u, m. g s. losa. Occasionally o, m. g s. luis, DDána 71.19 . ? n p. lois, see below. IGT Decl. § 72 . plant, herb, vegetable.

(a) In general sense: di l.¤ bis forsnaib caircib dognither in chorcur buide, Tur. 115 ( Thes. i 492 ). propir losa gl. anethi, Thes. ii 46.6 (Philarg. 6 ). luss bongar ind domnuch `a herb that is cut on Sunday', Mon. Tall. 132.19 . conna facabtais cid . . . fér ná lossa hi talam (of birds), IT i 136.3 ( LU 10560 ). na lois isin machaire (: hois), BS 64.3 ( Murphy Lyrics 46.2 ). clochcaop dond l.¤ rouoi a laim Ureisi, Anecd. ii 53.y . l.¤ atcondarc is ind éur . . . Cinnas ind lossa? Amal luachair, Trip.² 2347 - 50 . in arbor / as dech do lossa[ib] talman, Trip. ii 468.9 (of a future saint). i condulg losa talman, O'Mulc. 209 . ag bruith in neich is cain do losaib ┐ co (leg. do) eolusuib do neoch bis a ngalur, Laws i 300.15 Comm . fri beochu ┐ l.¤ ┐ cruacha, iv 118.21 Comm . (perh. in collective sense). in luss bentar dona būaibh / ar toidheacht dōibh asin tṡlēibh, ZCP vii 303 § 8 . gabhoir F. . . . / do-deachadar am lupgort / do itheadar mo losa dhe, Duan. F. ii 136 § 42. Cf. nipsa l.¤ cin fursanna (fursandath, fursannad, v.ll.) a rush(?) without light, Anecd. ii 60.9 (in list of proverbial expressions used of useless or unsatisfactory articles).

(b) In specialized sense of leek as article of diet: l.¤ gl. porrum, Ir. Gl. 810 ( RC ix 239.15 ). fa ceadaightheach doibh buinne losa, Rule of Tallaght 3 . dobert mid di ┐ ingne losa com-bai a maethruidead tria n-a h-agaid cloves of garlic, YBL 164a10 . bairgen ┐ luss ┐ meaduisce `leeks', Fél.² xl 10 . fichi glac losa `handfuls of leeks', Leb. Cert. 154.20 . braon oir tri such losa, Celtica ii 73.126 . gorm amail bis in l.¤ ithter, 85.521 . mar ata l.¤ ┐ uindemuin ┐ gairleog, Rosa Angl. 324.14 . an l.¤, ┐ na huinniúin `leeks', Numbers xi 5.

(c) With defining element. Of generic classes: l.¤ lubgoirt `garden herbs', BCrólige 27 . losa fedha `herb trees', Auraic. 1156 . losa feada; raith, rait, dris . . . spín `bramble-trees', Laws iv 148.1 . lossa serua in díthreba, PH 873. Of healing herbs: l.¤ cech galair a herb for every sickness, Ériu ix 66.11 . l.¤ na sláinte, DDána 2.1 . losa bro[th]chain cacha muige `pot herbs', Laws v 486.12 . lossa i lot Críst / go gcuireann as ar [gcroidhteachaibh], Aithd. D. 61.10 . losa ícce (leigis) curative herbs : lossa ícce, TBC-LL¹ 4211 . do lossaib ícci, 4339 . focherd in láech síde lossa ┐ lubi íci ┐ slánsen i cnedaib, LU 6341 ( TBC-I¹ 1826 ). dobered lossai legis . . . i n-a créchtaib, PH 422 . tucad losa ícce da innsaigid, Acall. 1932 . losa leighis, ML 90.6 . lossae neimnecha `poisonous plants', CCath. 3906 . l.¤ síde fairy (magic) herb: lossa síde ┐ lubi ícci, TBC-LL¹ 2478 . lán a glaici . . . do losaibh sídhe, Acall. 985. Freq. in medical texts and glossaries with attrib. gen. of particular species. l.¤ in cenncosaigh, Irish Texts v 7.7 . See cennchosach. l.¤ na cnó léna gl. virgola fraghinairia, ACL i 334 § 36. gl. calamus palustris, 336 § 98 . l.¤ na corrledan gl. eutropus . . . .i. fed caille, 333 § 7 . l.¤ creidhe burnet, speedwell, Irish Texts v 7.6 . 74.32 . Cf. l.¤ cree gl. berneta, ACL i 326 § 45 . l.¤ chneisi Con gCulann, 23 K 42, 421 . l.¤ na croiche `fennel' (Glossary), Irish Texts v 74.32 . sugh losa na feithlinne `honeysuckle', Rosa Angl. 40.15 . l.¤ na fiadh gl. ferina, Ir. Gl. 183 . l.¤ na frangc (gl. tansetum) tansey, RC ix 225.16 . freamh losa na ffrangc, 23 K 42, 42.1 . l.¤ na himmirce gl. barabastum vel tactus, ACL i 335 § 64. gl. astrologia longa, 336 § 106. l.¤ na laeg gl. barba ursina, RC ix 226.11 . l.¤ na ledan gl. erba fullonum, ACL i 331 § 27. Cf. l.¤ na ledan min (? leg. medan, Ed.), 332 § 56 . l.¤ na ledan, Irish Texts v 68.12 . l.¤ liac: deirgither losa liac gnuisi ┐ aichthi na n-ingen sin foxglove, TTebe 479 . See 1 lía. l.¤ na magrall `orchis', Rosa Angl. 286.11 . l.¤ na meall gl. satyrion, ACL i 328 § 78 . l.¤ na meall Muiri gl. acriola alosantum, 334 § 55. l.¤ na meccan gl. ipoquisdidos, RC ix 236 . l.¤ midi `mouse-ear' (Glossary), Irish Texts v 7.6 - 7 . l.¤ mhna an ghalloglaigh gl. mellisa, 23 K 42, 377.21 . l.¤ na monog bog-berry, ACL i 334 § 8 . l.¤ na mucc gl. crocus ecolicanus . . . .i. liathl.¤ , ACL i 335 § 70 . l.¤ in phapa gl. eufracia alba, ACL i 336 § 103. lus in sparáin = bursa pastoris 'shepherd's purse', Rosa Angl. 108.15 , O'Gr. Cat. 227.10 , Irish Texts v 68 § 54 . l.¤ na sengan gl. serpillum, ACL i 335 § 77 . l.¤ spínan gooseberry plant, ACL i 334 § 35 . l.¤ na sub gl. dens leonis .i. caisearban, ACL i 334 § 43 . l.¤ na mucoired (leg. n-úcaired) gl. erba fullonum, ACL i 331 § 26 (`fuller's thistle', Index).

Compds. With nouns. ¤brígmaire: re los-brighmaire a leagha botanical skill of her physicians, MR 102.18 . -mag. In n. loc. Lusmhach, IGT Decl. § 138 . -ogam, Auraic. 5807. With adj.: ¤chorr: ós linn luschoirr ` weed-thick ', O'Hara 4029 .

See tarb.

1 mind, minn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mind, minn or dil.ie/32297
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: mind, m., ṁmind, m., mínd, mínd, mind, miond, mind, mionna

n o, n. and m. n s. mind n-abstalacte, Wb. 20d6 . (with art.) a m.¤ , Thes. i 491.28 . a ṁmind-sa, Fél. Dec. 18. m.¤ n-óir, TBC-LL¹ 1557. n p. mínd, Ml. 18d14 . a p. inna mínd , Thes. ii 29.29 . For quality of final consonants, see Auraic. 4395 : mind iphin and (i.e. Ogham io). miond (mionn), pl. mind, mionna (anomalous), IGT Dec. § 60.

(a) a distinguishing badge or emblem of honour or rank , esp. one worn on the head, a crown, diadem , etc.: gl. insigne, insignia, Ml. 18d14 , 25d8 , 35d16 , 129c5 , BCr. 41c1 ; stigmata, Wb. 20d6 ; diadema, Tur. 95 ( Thes. i 491 ). m.¤ . . . a mund[i]tia .i. on gloine, Corm. Y 900. m.¤ n-óir budi in folt fordatuigither, FB 45. m.¤ doberar for cend miled (gl. bratium), O'Mulc. 123. barrin .i. m.¤ cind, Aen. 1587 (= tiaras, Aeneid vii 247 ). Worn by kings: stuag . . . os chind ind ordnide . . . amal m.¤ ríg, FA 8. adchondairc na riga . . . oc gabail a m.¤ for a cennai, TBC-I¹ 3464. dia mberad a m.¤ oir do chind na rigna, LU 4224. m.¤ rígda, PH 2118. By druids or sages: tri druide . . . co minnaib airgid (for a g[c]ennaib, Eg.), RC xxiv 144.7 . Anecd. ii 79.12 . is tre fir flaitheman rosaig cech dān mochtaide m.¤ suithe, ZCP xi 93 § 24 (perh. fig. apex of knowledge). By soldiers: a scabail fona minnaib sliptha soradhaircc `their helmets under their diadems' (? crests), Marco P. 61. ro bean a m.¤ catha dia chind helmet (?), D IV 2, 67rb10 . um armaib ┐ um mórminnaib ` crests ', Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.21 . Of other insignia: a dō secht ṅdeich . . . tuidmide dronmind dergóir (of bells on high priest's robe), SR 4506. minn duirn, Anecd. iii 307 § 20. claideb . . . ba m.¤ rígraide Inse Fáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 122 (cf. 2 mind). m.¤ do luir for a chend a laurel-wreath , Aen. 1027. Cf. Eochu . . . dofeid (.i. aisnéidh) fianna fo minnaib (.i. arraib), LL 393a53 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 1 , where Meyer explains he leads warrior-bands under crowns (an allusion to winning the kingship); the gl. in LL seems = soldiers' pay (? sureties, oaths , cf. d).

(b) a halidom or venerated object , esp. something connected with a saint, secondary relics Peritia xvii-xviii 223 , Studies in the Cult of Saint Columba 138 ; freq. in religious lit. mo chros . . . minn co mbloidh, ZCP x 342.4 . scrin Coluimcille ┐ a minna olchena, AU 877. minda Colaim Chille .i. Clog na righ ┐ an Chuilebaidh ┐ in da soscéla, RC xviii 12.26 (Tig.). na seacht mionna battar . . . ag Maodhóg . . . .i. an Bhrec ┐ an Bhachall Branduibh, etc., BNnÉ 244 § 195. ceall co minnaib, Laws v 222.17 Comm. do chumhdach minn ┐ mainisdrech, Lism. L. 872. airdmhionn Connacht .i. an Buacach Patraig chief halidom, AFM iv 790.4 . gan leabhair náid mionna i reighléis, Keat. iii 2767 . Such halidoms were frequently used for taking oaths on and making compacts, see Plummer, V. SS. Hib. p. cv and n. 9 ib. iar comlugi fo minnaib Brigti ┐ Caemgin, LL 32a19 (scribal note above line). m.¤ cotaig (of a bell used for swearing a covenant), BColm. 26.21 .

(c) transf. of persons, commonly used of heroes, kings, saints: Moisi minn os betha barc, SR 3865. ar m.¤ n-axal `our diadem of colloquies' (of Colum C.), ACC 82 ( RC xx 266 ). mál m.¤ mór (of the druid Cathbad), IT i 68.16 . epscop Mel m.¤ rígi, Fél. Feb. 6. Feb. 12. Mar. 29. m.¤ slúaig (of Bress), Metr. Dinds. iii 218.23 . m.¤ teglaigh ┐ sloigh, Fianaig. 6.9 . m.¤ amra i[a]rthair domain, Cog. 30.16 . fuair-sum olc dia Mairt in m.¤ the hero himself met with disaster on Tuesday (?), Ériu v 246. 241 . a Muire, a m.¤ mormaisech, Ériu i 122.12 . a Mhíchéil mo mhionn!, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 11. m.¤ .i. uasal no suí, O'Dav. 1220. Of things: celebrad cóir . . . is m.¤ cach muid mōir the crown of every great work, Ériu i 64.1 . Folld. by defining gen.: mionn sgine a treasure of a blade, TD 33.2 . mionn saltrach a precious psalter , Gofraidh Fionn iii 14 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). minn sbuir, Ir. Review 1912 p. 471 § 6 . With gen. in certain stereotyped phrases: ba m.¤ mbetha (of a flock of sheep), Anecd. i 57 § 58. ba m.¤ craidi doib the darling of their hearts, BB 436b32 . ba m.¤ súla sloigh the cynosure , Acall. 147 (of a drinking-horn). mionn súla (of a weapon), TD 33.5 . mionn súl áille gach ubhaill, Gofraidh Fionn v 20 .

(d) an oath, vow , use arising from custom of swearing on halidoms; in earlier exx. the word refers rather to the halidom itself than the oath, but in time comes to mean `oath' in general; both senses are combined in follg. ex.: do ṡín . . . a lámh amach . . . do thabhairt na mionn ┐ níor ḟéad se a chrobh do druid fa na mionnaibh, Ériu v 98.6 . amail . . . dobertha mionna riu, ib. 140 § 130 . iar sarughudh . . . a mhind dó after he had violated his oath, AU ii 138.4 . tucatar cuir ┐ minda dó air sin `sureties and oaths', BCC § 256. tug rí Frangc a minna fon ændia cumachtach, ZCP vi 34.17 . minic dobheirim re bréig mionna an leabhair I swear falsely by the book, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 10. mo chéad-aingeal liom gach laoi | mionn nach caoi éadaingean í `I swear it is (? a surety that it is) no unsafe way', xx 15 . dobheara mhionna shall swear, Isaiah iii 7. do ben minna da ṡiair fa marbad uile he made his sister swear to kill them all, Maund. 82. Content. xvi 169. amail no betais d'áen-mindaibh (i.e. as if they had conspired together), Expugn. Hib. § 83. aingil nó naoimh do luighe mar mhiond, Carswell 219. mionna (defined as calling God to witness that one has spoken truth), Luc. Fid. 98.3 .

Compds. ¤a crowned king: saighfidh mindrígha, Lism. L. 2808. With adj.: míl ¤nár, SR 1210 (leg. mín-nár?). Mainchin ¤bán ` fair-diademed' (?), Gorm. Jan. 13. tocbail croiche caemh-Crist | in meirge moir ¤glain, ib. Sep. 14. Muchius ¤noem, June 15 .

patent, paitent, paitein

Cite this: eDIL s.v. patent, paitent, paitein or dil.ie/34220
Last Revised: 2013

 

n m. (Eng. loan-word) a patent, authorization : an patent ┐ in t-augdarrass ro bui aigi o righ Frangc , Fl. Earls 258.15 . fuair paitent ara dhuthaigh `a charter', AFM v 1698.8 . taisbéanuim mo phaiteinsi féin 'I display my own patent' TD i 157 § 7 . g s. do ghlacadh paiteint ar tír Conaill, vi 2342.4 . a hucht phatent a athar, v 1800.2 .

1 posta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 posta or dil.ie/34488

 

Forms: post-eachraidh, post

n (Eng. or Romance loan-word) post, courier or official conveyance : gur scrip in guibernoir le posta go righ Frangc , Fl. Earls 22.11 . eirgiss M. a posta go Pairis `post-haste,' ib. 15 , cf. 24.12 , 21 . baile posta a post-town , 76.7 .

Compd. post-eachraidh post-horses , 30.16. Mod. post (m.).

? trán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? trán or dil.ie/41590

 

x (trá + ann ?) Perh. a synonym of trá: ind aimser thānaisse t.¤ | ō dīlinn co Abarām, ZCP iii 18.12 . Septināir fri Solam trān | agus Agnus fri Dunstān, viii 115 § 32 . lor a n-íc t'einighsiu tran | Aindli garbh ┐ Ardan, BB 258b17 . re rig raghlan na Frangc tra[n] | tuit ní rebrad a macan, FDG 350.