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Bretnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Bretnach or dil.ie/6770

Forms: Brethnach, Breatnach

adj o, ā (Bretain) also Brethnach. belonging to Britain, British : dorála coblach b.¤ do chur i purt, SG 408.7 . ra taeb ech ṁb. ṁblathmín, LL 7145. dosbēraind . . . ech B. duit `a Welsh steed', MacCongl. 45.16 . in t-ech brethnach, Laws v 438.8 Comm. gailliti .i. laire breathnacha, O'Dav. 1051 = Laws v 220.22 Comm. Leabhar Breathnach i.e. the Irish version of Nennius's Historia Britonum, Todd Nenn. 24 (title = Britannicus, 25 ) (see n. a). isin berla bretnuch `in the British language', 86.10 .

Subst. Breatnach, m., IGT Decl. § 11 , f., § 12 . Briton; Welshman : is ann doriacht bunad Patraic co bretnu. conid aire sin atberar b.¤ de, LB 13c18 . Britan Máel o tát Bretnaig in domain, LL 655 (Leb. Gab.). da Brettnach im Gædel `two Britons', RC xiii 454 § 48 ( LL 37300 ). do traetaid Breatnaig `the Welsh were subdued', Ann. Inisf. 1307.1 . Pl. as n. loc. i mBretanchaib in Britain, ZCP xiii 3 § 5.

caindel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caindel or dil.ie/7800
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: coinneal

n ā, f. (Lat. candela). coinneal f., IGT Decl. § 54 . candle, light : c.¤ a caindela .i. ōn chainnill, Corm. Y 272 . adand oc cainnill .i. deróil oenchainnell bec hi farrad cainle more, LU 333 . solus be choindell may the candle shine, Corp. Gen. 189 note . c.¤ for caindelbrai, Críth G. 181 . tri imglaice do cainnlib cona toimsib techtaib . . . tumud na cainnell a [n]geir, ZCP xiv 355 § 13 ( Laws ii 250 - 52 ). go secht coinnlibh ordoibh, Blathm. 222 . cainebar . . . / lethdeog fri caindli sorcha by candle-light , Anecd. i 14.16 ( SCano 480 ). íar feis fri caindlib sorchuib, Lament 100 § 22 . boltnogud cind óenchainle dina cainlib sin, LU 2059 ( FA 13 ). gaibid in tene an cainnil, O'Mulc. 20 . dligid sin Brīan tūs coindle, ZCP viii 231 § 24 . fulaiṅg c.¤ d'airi marb, LL 27866 . féil Muire na ccoinnell Candlemass , BNnÉ 61 § 81 . Prov. niba coindel fó dabaich dogén dímm, Trip.² 530 (cf. Matthew v 15 etc.). do las an choinnil, IGT Verbs § 121 .

Of the use of candles in the ceremony of excommunication: cuirther fa choinnlibh an mart i necclasaibh an choitcinn `the heifer was put under the candles in the churches of the community (i.e. the thieves were excommunicated)', ZCP x 20 n.7 . gan chúrsa coinne chum cuinneal do bháthadh i.e. he did not fight a duel that would incur excommunication, Hackett² xliii 98 . tug . . . coinle báite ar bhuidhnibh, xxxvi 93 . See also caindelbáthad, etc.

In fig. and transferred senses. Of persons shining light, paragon, hero etc. : in ch.¤ do muintir Dé . . . .i. Senán Insi Cathaig, Trip.² 2426 . ceithre condli Críst (of the Evangelists), KMMisc. 256.16 . da ánchaindil gascid Gædel , TBC-LL¹ 3771 . ba c.¤ cecha claisse the light of every assembly (of an abbot), Bruchst. 53 § 118 . M. mac A. . . . coinnel enig ┐ engnama, Ann. Conn. 1232. 8 . c.¤ cacha hairechta re t'eladhain, Acall. 7752 . is í an bhanóg . . . / coinneall chéire, Aithd. D. 99.9 . Of weapons (see Fraech 21 n. ) : cúicroth óir ┐ c.¤ rígthaigi úas cach ae (of a spear), BDD² 882 . caindell rígthaige na láim go féthanaib argait ┐ co fonascaib óir, TBC-LL¹ 5190 . is hí in t-ṡleg atchondaic ina láim in Ch. Chuscraid, 5226 . da chaindill gaiscid di ṡlegaib coicrinnechaib illáim cech ḟir díb, TFerbe 29 . in Ch. Nuadat, name of a shield, LL 12511 ( Ériu iv 28 § 17 ). Various: is sí c.¤ ardustá / in lía lógmar, LU 3688 ( SCC 33 ). do chonnac dá choinnil naomh / . . . / éasga is . . . / an ghrian, Dán Dé xxix 23 . cainnle na mbalg mbuan, SG 245.41 `the stalks (of the birch) that bear the constant pods', ii 278 .

In legal contexts: fir as caindell incoisc hi suithghernsa set `a proof [witness?] which is a candle of demonstration', BCrólige 58 . atait secht fiadnaise . . . ite secht mbeocaíndle and so forosnad gae cach rig, Laws iv 52.9 . mataid fiadhin ann, a dul fein do cannill rem soillsi, co rabidar na turbaidh sin ann to the person who swears first(?), Laws i 300.33 Comm. ( ZCP xv 328 note ). caindell atai in gléfisa, 36.29 Comm. teora cainnle .i. naidm ┐ rath ┐ fiadnaise, O'Curry 468 ( H 3.18, 246 ). teora coindle co agu athcomairc .i. do berar dilsi a feraind uadha ó faisincidter (sic) in treighe taitnemach so amail cainnill fais, O'D. 1958 ( Eg. 90, 7 (8)ab ). in c.¤ in cuirmtig[i] fon mud cétna ma táit fiadhain and secib cainnel do gnét di, is a bith air, ┐ maine fuilet fiadain and, is a dénam don fir amuig conid cainnel duthrachta, ┐ a beth air, O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22b ).

In names of plants: molena .i. in coinneall Muiri, ACL i 326 § 44 . blionia molena adhon in coinneall muire, RC ix 227 . cainneall Mhuire the herb mullen, torch-weed, or high- taper, P. O'C. roisg ar snuadh na gcoinnleadh gcorr, A. Ó Dálaigh x 3 and note.

Compds. ¤báthad, see separate article. da ḟer móra gaindelderca (caindeldercai, v.l.) with blazing eyes, TBC-LL¹ 4395 . a Condlai . . . muinbrec cainelderg, LU 10006 ; 'ruddy like a candle' (play on the name Condlae Rúad) CMCS xxx 49 n. 30 . cæca cloidim . . . coindelgorm, ZCP xiii 175.23 . a Chlidna chaindel-grúad, Metr. Dinds. iii 212.34 .

1 eochair, echair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 eochair, echair or dil.ie/20138

Forms: eochrach, eochrach, eochrocha, eachracha, eochra

n i, k, f. g s. eochrach, ZCP v 495.25 (17th cent. MS.). n p. eochrach, Triads 204 . eochrocha, Rev. i 18 . eachracha, IGT, Decl. ex. 894 . eochra, ZCP xiii 372.18 . a key:

(a) in lit. sense: eochair an ghlais = clavim Todd Lect. v 14.2 . eochair na cuilne = clavis coquinae 76.10 . co scrinaib ilardaib...co n-eochraib do erslocud cach ai, Hib. Min. 7.226 (= clavibus 89.12 ). bái airecol...hi tóib thige...dobreth dó a echuir (echair, eochair v.l.); atnoilc, Imr. Brain i 53.18 (LU). a shealbthoir mallachda eochrach ifrind, YBL 152b18 . rodhéchsad for poll na heochrach the keyhole ZCP v 495.25 = Mart. Don. 254.15 . glass ro hiadad d'eochair ZCP vi 271.12 .

(b) Metaph. clue, solution, explanation, guide, means of access: ata eochair saingnusta re cach psalm .i. a titul, Hib. Min. 7.228 . eochair chéille coistecht ... eochair ecna umla ZCP vi 270 § 1 . tri heochracha aroslicet imráitiu: mescca, tairisiu, serc, Triads 204 . seacht seathracha nimhe ar nemh | eachracha cridhe an Choimdhedh, IGT, Decl. ex. 894 . eochracha na hairdríghe key-defences Ir. Monthly 1920, 424 . eochoir leasa `key of profit' GF, Studies 1918, 98 . fíon nach eochair uaille aniugh | fuair ...aimsior wine which is now no source of elation Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 7 . Of divination: foillsighthir do triana eochraib écsi IT i 129.23 . ro iarfacht Conn dond filid ┐ robui side icc scrūtan co n-écetar a eochra eccsi dou, ZCP xiii 372.18 .

pn Of persons: eochair na flatha némdai (of Peter) PH 1639 . da eochair gascid Gædel (of two warriors) TBC-LL¹ 3771 (dá euchraid ┐ dá chridiscél thuascirt in betha, of Castor and Pollux, TTr.² 69 , may belong to this). in eochair foslaicthe gacha healadna (of Cicero), CCath. 4493 . a eochair bhalsaim cheana Séarluis O key of the balsam of Charles's favour! Ó Bruad. i 54.4 .

Cf. tipra Patraic. Slán a ainm. fufrith and nuuechuir (nuaechuir v.l.) Patraic `P.'s new key' Trip. 164.4 (a plant-name ?). COMPD. Eochair-sciath key-shield: Eochair-sgiath an Aifrinn, title of a work by Keating, rendered `Explanatory Defence of the Mass' by the editor (1898 ed.). san seachtmhadh caibidil déag d'Eochair-sgéith an Aifrinn, TSh. 4460 .