Search Results

Your search returned 53 result(s).

1 airde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airde or dil.ie/1812

 

Forms: airrdhe, -ena

n io, n. Later f. airrdhe f., usu. -ena in pl. airrdheana sighni (ó enchéill), IGT Decl. § 180 . See Vendr. Lex.

(a) sign, token: a.¤ síde, Wb. 24b28 . a.¤ cáinchumricc `a sign of benevolence', 7b4 . a.¤ néelutha máma, 11c11 . dogéna sáibfirtu et sáiba.¤ , 26a20 . a.¤ .i. egcosc, Lec. Gl. 249 . Patraic cen a.¤ nuabair, Thes. ii 321.2 (Hy. ii). is a.¤ sīda pax , Corm. Y 1057 = is airidhe sída in phóc, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36 . noda sénsat . . . ó airdiu croiche Crist, LU 1765 . oc fegadh . . . na [ha]irrdi (nairrdhi MS.) aduathmaire sin, Aen. 72 . airgena bróin, ZCP xiii 204.5 . airrdhe na críne, vi 268.15 . d'airdhibh uilc, TD 7.11 . gach dúil ag aithne th'airdheadh, 21.41 . ni ro taisbeinsiot nach nairrdhe nuireccla idir, AFM vi 2072.2 . d'airghibh th' annsachta, Desid. 81 . ro caithset . . . co fraocha fír-nemnech . . . na h-airdheana co coitcenn re ceili, co nár fagaibsit sgiath gan sgailedh, etc. i.e. exchanged the usual signs of war(?), Celt. Rev. iv 120.12 . it e a n-airdi these are their signs (of the ogham letters), Auraic. 947 . airdheanna Inse Éireann `the Wonders of Eire', Content. vi 164 . nár mhaoidhte do R. . . . cách dá airdheanaibh d'adhradh `follow his standard', TD 20.6 . In prep. phrase i n-a.¤ : gaba(i)s a gruaide i nnairide a anacuil `as a token of (asking) quarter from him', Ériu xvi 38 § 5 . a n-airginaib broide ┐ gabala , ZCP vi 281.23 . Special sign, portent. Of the last day: ticfait a.¤ inganta, SR 8129 . nidat airdi aniussa, 8055 . fri hairrdhibh laoi bratha, AFM i 370.16 . bid hé airdi d'assliṅge, TFerbe 146 . in tan nalád in nellaib / ba hág ar na hairdenaib `constellations', Metr. Dinds. iii 428.34 . do réir fhoistine ┐ airrdhean, AFM v 1448.11 . dia ra-iarfaig C.:— ciata a.¤ iṅgantacha so?, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10 § 13 . airdhe niongnadh do thochar an bhliadhainsi .i. di gréin d'faicsin for a rith i maille i noen ló, AFM ii 574.13 . na mor airrde inganta dorónta miracles , PH 3712 . Sign, symptom: ba trúag airdena gona don rígmilid. Rogabsat a chossa crithnugud . . ., LL 244a48 ( TTr. 2052 ). airrdena . . . techid, MR 232.17 . ro fiarfaig cinnus ro boi isin lucc sin nō cred rop airgena do in fott boi samlaid, Grail 3825 . bat imda a n-airlig / is léir for a n-airdhibh, ZCP viii 110 § 1 . In phrase airdena éca (báis) signs of death: ó'dchondairc airrdena éca do thuideacht chuice, Ériu iv 158 § 35 . airdena báis ┐ éca ┐ aideda, TBC-LL¹ 1237 . iar dteacht d' airgheanaibh báis i ndáil an ríogh, Keat. ii 5407 .

(b) characteristic, quality: cúic airdena déc degmná: ciall, cóime . . ., ZCP viii 118.18 . inand d' airrgenaib iad sin alike in qualities, ii 350.30 . tré na h-airdheanaibh .i. a chalmacht, etc., Hy Maine 139.8 . doigh ro chlaochlaisiot a n-airrdhe ┐ a n-aigenta `their characteristics and dispositions', AFM vi 2298 . 16 . airrdena na n-athardha d'aithreis `attributes', MR 150.12 . gnáth cédairde gach meic mhir / ag reic édaingne a aignid, O'Gr. Cat. 458.32 . lucht an dhíomuis ┐ na ndroch airghean, Eochairsg. 69.12 . is d'airdheanaibh an reithe it is one of the characteristics of the ram, TSh. 3571 . tucus grad d'airrdenuib Uilliam good qualities, O'Gr. Cat. 338.34 . acca accallamh . . . ┐ occa increachadh do thaisccéladh for a airdhibh `that they might explore his natural endowments', AFM v 1864.5 .

Compd. ¤-gnúsigud signification: ithé sidi nad techtat in na. cechtar de gl. quae neutram habent significationem, Sg. 77a6 .

aithle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithle or dil.ie/2724

 

Forms: aithliu, atlu, a., aithliu

n [io, n. Cf. d s. aithliu, Mon. Tall. 161.4 , atlu, Laws iv 346.7 ] Vn. of ad-len, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 565 . consequence; remainder, vestige, track: ar niba maith a áidlea (leg. a.¤ , edd.) dúib a n-étsecte `for not good will be the consequence to you of listening to them', Wb. 18c11 . im chath Chind chruaid n-a.¤ `of stern consequences', Arch. Hib. ii 54 iii § 6 . a Rí richid reidig dam / . . . / a.¤ na cesta ṅdúr ṅdub the solution of the hard questions, LL 17729 . aithenne .i. aith-tene nō a.¤ thened remnant, remainder, Corm. Y 76 . foilmen .i. nomen do aithli bruit, 590 . a.¤ .i. seanbhrat, O'Cl. (see Hermathena xxiv 57 ). a.¤ .i. ath-ḟolae .i. is mesae cid indās fola, Corm. Y 45 . ciarbo airmeirb lend aithli / aithforgaib maic M. `the leaving of the weapon' (of men slain in combat), Fianaig. 12 § 16 . ro chuindichset in dias do bi thall a.¤ a ronna `i.e. the other two claimed the reversion of his share' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 2288 ( Rawl. B 506, f. 26d ). olc a.¤ do sochaide, Laws iv 266.8 `an evil heritage to many', Plummer MS. notes. hathle an eich rugscat namaitt `the enemies took the track of the (other) horse', BColm. 90.11 . ? na beth i n-athbe isse air / richt a les athle ard rig, LL 376a32 .

Common in prep.and adv. phrases, where presumably orig. d s. aithliu. D s.(?) as prep. with gen. after; in consequence of, as a result of: ithle (d'a.¤ v.l.) inn echta doringnius, TBC-LL¹ 3983 . athli ar n-orcni ┐ athli ar taichi . . . do loscud in consequence of our ruin and the burning of our houses, KZ xxxi 254.x . ragait a.¤ a mmesa dochom péné, LU 2369 . Aed A. a.¤ Fergail / isse ro gab for Temraich, Rawl. 163a7 . itt é ata nessom d'Uib Néill athli Condacht next after C., ZCP viii 317.5 . hi tír Grec a.¤ ind ilair / luid Semion, LL 761 . With co: co ha.¤ na treisi `till after three days', Laws ii 380.16 Comm. gl. co iar nde treise, 13 .

With prec. prep. With A(S): aidchi cenlai a aithliu na cetaoine `the eve of Maunday Thursday after the Wednesday', Mon. Tall. 161.4 (§ 80) . a ha.¤ a gabala , Laws ii 352.22 Comm. a haithli sechtmogat bliadan do forba after completing seventy years, ZCP viii 111.29 . a haithli na crech mor-sin do denam do, Ann. Conn. 1262.6 . as m'a.¤ `after me', BCC 284.19 . Note also: luidh a athaithli in cata sin, BB 489b43 = luid A. a.¤ in choscair sin, Alex. 152 . athaithli marbtha Cír, BB 7a45 (cf. a ha.¤ infra). With I N-: lá éigin 'n-a a.¤-so, after this, Dán Dé v 25 . 'n-a a.¤ sin, Aithd. D. 38.30 . With D' (= DI or DO): d(o) a.¤ thogla thuir Conuing (heptasyll. line), Todd Nenn. 274.2 . d'a.¤ oidedha m'oide . . . do chur, ZCP xiv 241.9 . d'a.¤ a imshníma, LB 129b34 . chóig céd bliaghan d'aithli Chríostt, Desid. 4108 . mar altain d'a.¤ a hoirnimh `as sharp as a razor after whetting', Dán Dé xxv 22 . gach learg dhlúthta d'a.¤ a hord (of the wall of a building), DDána 119.34 . Adv. phrase asa a.¤ with 3 s. n. poss. afterwards: ar nípam comchirtisea do neoch asa aithli, LU 4248 . assa a.¤ then, TBC-LL¹ 138 . In later lang. asa ha.¤ (with h- from the prep. phr. a ha.¤ ?): ro imthigh fein asa haithli, Stair Erc. 81 . asa haithli, ZCP viii 111.22 . as a ha.¤ `afterwards', Fl. Earls 8.21 (cf. athaithli supra). See aithilte, also under athlad

1 amlaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amlaid or dil.ie/3145

 

later form of 1 samlaid.

(a) Frequently replacing O. Ir. amail with demonstr. (cf. O. Ir. amail ṡodain s.v. 1 suide, amal sin, PH 116 ), giving adv. phrase a.¤ sin, a.¤ so thus, so (both words being stressed in syll. verse: coimhéadaidh Aodh amhlaidh sain: Murbhaigh, DDána 75.6 ). The meaning varies between the literal in that (this) way and the more general thus, so, accordingly, then: blíadain don chúiciud a.¤ sin, MU² 29 . do rad min aire is amlaich sin cech día `so every day', Mon. Tall. 147.11 (§ 52) (is a.¤ perh. for samlaid, cf. cach [la] gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam is a.¤ canitir in pater gebesim i forciund cacha gabala , 140.4 ). co rochet . . . a.¤ sin tarsin nglend, LU 2154 ( FA 22 ) (amal sin, v.l., IT i 185.20 ). ni a.¤ sin ba-sa, TBC-LL¹ 49 . roḟata atám a.¤ -seo, 3549 . conid a.¤ sin fuair bas, RC xxiv 186.8 . mar theid . . . is amlaidh sin docuaid E., Stair Erc. 497 . an amhluidh sin remain in that posture, Parrth. Anma 4425 . in tan tra batar a n-oen inad a.¤ -sin, PH 15 . is ecen co n-icthar cech ní . . . a.¤ -so, 7538 . go ngialldaois dó amhlaidh sin, TSh. 3074 . In greeting: a.¤ sin a Mess Gegra, ar Conall. ató sund ar M., LL 13503 . a.¤ sin, ol in gilla. Is a.¤ eigin, ol si, RC xxiv 196.23 .

(b) Replacing O. Ir. samlaid thus, so: duine do thenid 's do thalmain / fuine deighḟir a.¤ hī, ACL iii 242 § 7 . dogentar a.¤ `so shall it be done', RC xxiv 200.23 . sechtmain . . . bói a.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 7 . do marbhadh meisi led mharbhnaidh / marbhnadh deisi amhlaidh í, IGT Decl. ex. 582 . ionmhuin le Dia í amhlaidh, DDána 99.23 . Brought forward with copula: meise is amhlaidh do hionnarbadh, Dán Dé xvi 2 . an corp ní hamhlaidh do b'áil, xxiii 7 . amhlaidh budh fhearr gach itche, iv 28 . ní amlaidh do rála dhó `it did not so turn out for him', TFrag. 242.1 . Note also: amhail na eirghedh C. air, as amhlaidh ro eirghe M. . . . dó as C. would not rise against him, therefore, TFrag. 242.3 .

Hence as quasi-adj.: cian ó bhaois airrdhe amhlaidh such a sign, DDána 99.39 . díoth amhlaidh `many a like destruction', TD 18.29 .

With follg. explanatory clause: is a.¤ domel C. a ḟlaith: a trian ind lāi oc dēcsain na macraidi etc. this is how etc., TBC-I¹ 369 ( LU 4858 ). is a.¤ ro buí side Cú Ch. rotan-ail, MU² 166 . is a.¤ táncatar, cach briugu cona bantuilg etc., 195 . is a.¤ tra canithsom na salmu. Randaich (leg. rannaid, Ed.) cach caocad hi cethair `he sings the psalms as follows,' Mon. Tall. 139.9 . a.¤ itá in rí go rath / gan deiredh is gan tosach, ZCP viii 114.4 .

With .i.: is a.¤ dognithe in tarbfes sin .i. tarb find do marbad . . ., LU 3450 ( SCC 23 ). is a.¤ so tra ro-foired . . . .i. téidm ┐ plaig . . ., PH 371 . is amlaidh ro buí C. .i. fodhmoir romor, Stair Erc. 762 .

With OCUS: is a.¤ dognítis sin ┐ a claidib fora slíastaib this is how they did that, with their swords etc., LU 3234 (sic MS. SCC 2 ). is a.¤ buí Cú Ch. ┐ comfhled mór ace, MU² 41 . is amlaidh do roine si in samugad sin . . . ┐ di cairigh a coraid ina laim, Laws iv 10.4 Comm. is amlaidh iarum ro geanair in mac sin ┐ duirb cecha lamha dó thus the boy was born, with a worm in each of his hands, RC vi 177.107 .

With CO N-: is a.¤ bui in chaillech comba duibithir gual cech n-alt . . ., RC xxiv 196.15 . amhlaidh chreidim . . . go dtibhre, Dán Dé xvi 6 . is amhloidh forcaomhnagair go ro taissealbadh, Fl. Earls 194.5 .

Occasionally indicating simultaneous action: is amlaidh adubhairt ┐ ro thogaib in libher `as he spoke he raised his club', Stair Erc. 806 . is amlaidh adubhairt ┐ tug ola neime di `as he said this he gave her a poisonous oil', 2286 . is amhlaidh adubhairt [┐ ?] tuc béim cloidhimh dh'A., SG 66.22 .

With virtual loss of meaning of a.¤ (as in spoken lang. Perh. also under some of preceding headings): ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria, IGT Introd. § 13 . is a.¤ tōgaibhthe do na nāimhdip bean uassal, Fl. Earls 48.16 . is amlaidh ro bui in cathair sin . . . a nglinn `and that city was in a valley', Stair Erc. 772 .

Wrongly for amail: a coibne coir comarda .i. amlaidh ro coibindtigedh etc., Laws iv 40.2 (text and Comm.).

anall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anall or dil.ie/3340

 

adv. stressed on second syll. (exx. of rhyme and alliteration in bardic verse infra). Written anaill, Alex. 579 , Fl. Earls 166.17 . See GOI § 483 . The form anaill, TBC-I¹ 3615 is taken by Thurn., ZCP xii 410 as standing for inn-all thither . Of place from beyond, from the opposite side, híther: tar muir a.¤ , Trip.² 331 . dar glend a.¤ hither over the glenn, MU² 494 . do-lotar trá forsin farci a.¤ hi tír n-Érend, BDD 23 . ro ráthaiged . . . as[in] tig a.¤ Ingcél I. was perceived from the house, 71 . adainter . . . in Bruden . . . ┐ dorróbdad a.¤ co fá thrí the B. is set on fire . . . it was quenched from within, 143 . isind leith a.¤ on the opposite side, 74 . fá cáin a.¤ a tax (imposed) from abroad, Keat. ii 5754 . Extended applications: transitiuum . . . .i. gním dosom i nnach naile innunn ┐ is césad do ṡuidiu gním o nach ailiu foir sem a.¤ , Sg. 209b12 . is bes tra isind libursa briathra na salm a.¤ (written over the line) do erlabrai ánd ┐ bertair dano briathra asin stoir sea innun fo fuillned inna salm innunn to quote (from another book), Ml. 26c6 (verba psalmorum superiorum, Zeuss 611 ). is airi trimirothorndiussa indium inna huilisa asrubartmar ánáll `we have mentioned above', Wb. 8d26 .

In phrases: innonn ┐ a.¤ on all sides: robaí fe 'nund ┐ fe a.¤ in dúsin essgal ┐ tessgal, LL 12961 . na cathaighthe a.¤ 's anonn `temptations on every side', Aithd. D. 51.13 . ar na bhogadh anonn sa nall `tossed to and fro', Proverbs xxi 6 . (di) ṡíu ┐ a.¤ from this side and that, from both sides: cona díchtheth carpat friae di síu nách a.¤ from either direction, LU 4798 (TBC). roferadh cobleng croda etarru dísiu ┐ a.¤ on both sides, RC x 185.3 . imda . . . sruthide fola for toebu trenfer siu ┐ a.¤ do macu I., LB 129b44 . secht mile isseadh torcair idiu ┐ a.¤ ettorrae, AFM i 318.2 .

With the prep. FRI: fri muir robur a.¤ `beyond the Red Sea', Ml. 124c24 . altarach .i. frie a.¤ (gl. nihil ultra) `on the other side of it', Sg. 71b1 . glend lán di thenid fris a.¤ , LU 2145 ( FA 21 ). coromarb nonbur friss a.¤ `on the other side of him', RC iii 178.10 .

With the idea of motion much reduced (here written andall and perh. a separate word): interrogaverunt horam specialem in qua ille effectus est abbas ┐ ba sí húarsom douargaib A. ind soscele andall (i.e. in Scotland; almost = tall, q.v.), Mon. Tall. 162.33 (§ 85) . co cruthaigfea in Comdiu andall curpu na esergi (i.e. in the other world), LU 2594 (edd. suggest reading thall as in l. 2587 ).

Of time of yore, hitherto, heretofore: fo bith an chotuigh a.¤ `from of yore', Blathm. 311 . ní bíd clad . . . i nHére isind amsir a.¤ co tanic remis mac nÁeda Slani, LU 10569 . analadh a.¤ uile / o tus betha, LL 395a17 . a gabala uili a.¤ hitherto, Fen. 48.1 . rí agá ndubrad nert a.¤ a king ever regarded as powerful, O'Gr. Cat. 378.4 . de cheniul Tuathail Techtmhair ┐ Ugaine Mair a.¤ , MR 1.5 . fedh na bliadhna so a.¤ `in the course of the past year', RC xxix 114 § 11 . With various prepp. With FRI: fris an mbliadhain sin a.¤ `during the preceding part of this year', AFM vi 2274.z . With CO: lase foruillecta béoil inchalich di mil cosse a.¤ `when the lips of the chalice have hitherto been smeared with honey', Wb. 7d9 . rob ainfethaig firu Hērenn a n-imthūs Táno cosin a.¤ , ACL iii 3.20 . co gin Mic Maire . . . / a.¤ o tus domain, LL 395a24 . co sin a.¤ till that happens, Críth G. 264 . mani dernat co cenn mís dotíagat for cairdde ná[d] lenat a lepthai cucai a.¤ i.e. the aire échta is not responsible for their protection any longer, 362 and p. 71. With ó: Dathi anall `from the time of D. onward', Ériu ii 186.15 . nī bīad rí ō Ess a.¤ , ZCP viii 223 § 21 . co ro-fíugrad . . . o chein mair a.¤ esergi Crist, PH 3423 . a.¤ ó dhortadh díleann `downwards from the pouring of the flood', TD 28.3 . otha a.¤ `henceforward', Fél. 6.10 .

Extended forms (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 196 - 197 ): ? co Dún Brí anal[l]a over to Dún Brí, BColm. 60.28 . a-nallamhain (: Lughaidh), Ériu ix 165 § 22 . anallamhuin (: mbonaibh) in times of old, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 8 . a-nalloin (: balloibh), PBocht 5.1 . a-nalloin, DDána 63.27 `already', Ir. Monthly 1928, 156 . a-nallan (: anman), PBocht 10.8 . a-nallan (: fharradh), DDána 64.30 . popul na ngente ro baí i ndorchataid pecaid . . . anallana formerly, Trip.² 50 . cid so or cách. ni bu adas a cóemna rosbai-seom anallana, LL 279a19 . anallana . . ., PH 2244 . analluna (: amudha), Content. ix 23 .

In phr. anois (aniodh) (┐) analla(i)n now and always (of past): congbhaid anos a-nallan, Content. xxviii 3 . t'éighis anois 's anallain, xviii 74 . aniodh 's anallain, DDána 92.4 ; cf. suil tháireas gus a-noise a-nallamhain, 83.6 `from that day till this', Ir. Monthly 1921, 419 . anall-út, -ód: anallút (coming from) over there (of a boat), LU 1869 . Fionn . . . / do bhí neartmhar a-nall-ód, DDána 112.8 . annála na n-ard-fhlaitheadh anall-ód of yore, TSh. 5476 . a nallód of old, Jeremiah xxviii 8 .

Forms with in- for an- (under infl. of prep. i n-): i nallut, Laws ii 94.8 Comm. inallana, PH 4473 . i n-allód (= antiquitus), Keat. i 106.19 . inall, AFM v 1868.14 .

báes, baís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báes, baís or dil.ie/5136
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: baíse, báos, báois, báosa, báeis, báeise

n ā, f. (1 báeth). Also baíse [, f.]. báos m. g s. báois, báosa, IGT Decl. § 38 (87.17) . báeis f. g s. báeise, § 14 (69.1) .

(a) folly, levity; play, sport; frenzy: inna baise gl. hebitudenis, Ml. 33c2 . in ṁbáis gl. chebitudinem, 124c17 . mōr mbāis, . . ./ mōr coll cēille, ACL iii 215.y . na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig, SR 3890 (to complaining Israelites). baes fomrig folly holds me back, IT iii 12 § 22. gabala báise cis lir ? . . . bretha díana, dúscud ferge, folabra gúach, Tec. Corm. § 14.1 . atái ar báis/a chléirigh ní chanai gáis, SG 26.41 . Cf. Dán Dé ix 8 . is mé ar baois ag caoineadh an áirdfhir distraught, Keat. Poems 423.

(b) Legal, incapacity, lack of judgment: cennib gaeth acht nis n-ellne a baes provided that his incapacity does not defile it (sc. his `fine'), Laws iii 54.5 . tre feirg forrain (leg. feirge forrán ?) sceo baisi buaidred, 112.3 Comm. [ g]aibiut baetha cachta indliged .i. is taidbsi baisi don fir cachtus . . ., ii 76.20 Comm. baes inna mbretheman nad inmedatar a ndalai dligidh, 130.16 Comm.

? baís(e) banapad: siachtatar .ui. haidhicha ina baisi banapadh `six `seds' is the extent of the fine for entertaining a proclaimed person unawares', Laws iii 60.3 Comm. aidech .i. cumal nó fiach slān do lāimh rathe .i. aidech sies teora aidecha ina baos ban-apad, O'Mulc. 102.

Attrib. g s. wanton, frivolous, sportive, playful, appertaining to play; frenzied: gebid a bunsaig ṁbáisi, TBC-LL¹ 888. rith báise a wild rush, 893 . taem báisi risin mbas-crann `the knocker had been smitten with frenzy', Ériu iv 116 § 25. comhrádh baísi, IGT Decl. ex. 633. amhail fhear baoise nó buainghealtachta, TSh. 5957. For phr. baire baíse, see 1 báire.

(c) wantonness, lust: ní ar báes nach ar báegul ro dalus-sae friss, IT i 127.4 = ní ar chul no amles . . ., LU 10769. nach ingen dogníd buís dar cenn aurnaidm, LL 37043. romet a bais intib 'very much lust in them', TBith.² 196 § 77 . baos .i. drúis, O'Cl.

As quasi-vn. an rí 's a rígan . . ./ ic baeis dōib ann, ic búaphud, BColm. 88.21 .

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bó or dil.ie/6201
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: boin, bou, bo, boin, baí, b, báu, b, bao, Báu, b, búaib, bai, báe, boin, boin, bó, ba, bai, baei, búaibh, b

n f. See GOI § 60 , § 72 , § 340 . a s. boin, Corm. Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . bo, Vita Br. 24. d s. boin (cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ). n p. baí, LL 33395 (TBFr.). ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 n.2 ). b, Hugh Roe² 46.y . a p. báu, TBFr. 395. b, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 , Báu, LU 5373. b, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v), bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.). d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. di bai , Ml. 2b11 . a du. dí báe , TBFr. dā boin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, GOI § 340.2 ). b.¤ f., d s. boin, g s. g p. bó, n p. ba, bai ( baei: cnai, ex. 1623 ), d p. búaibh, a p. b, IGT Decl. § 86.

Ox, cow: inna mbao (innabao, MS.) gl. boum, Sg. 22b11 . bō nomen de sono factum suae uocis .i. ainm arna dēnam d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b.¤ gl. vacca, Ir. Gl. 159. buachaill b.¤ gl. bubulcus, 583 . bō a boue .i. is coitcenn aní as bós, ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit , O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i. mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur . . . redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ). rocuinnig seom boin co B., Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.). blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1 (Hy. v). co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon, 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.). carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v). bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc., O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná, uth b.¤, ness gobann, Triads 148 . eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 . oc tabairt tānae b.¤ húait, Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b.¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech (rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ). rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138. cethracha b.¤ mbreithi mbalcc `forty strong milch cows', Celtica iv 12.21 . buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm. gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar, ML² 1255. no-chennachtís na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510. ar boin cach naidche ailes `for he deserves (i.e. claims) a cow every night', Laws ii 136.8 . ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu (of interest due for use when given as pledge), v 400.20 . trí haige bruithi and, a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3 Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala `five cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress', ii 100.4 Comm. in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . . is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 . cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 . lenaid b.¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo isin in Odor Ciarain (hence the name of the Codex Lebor na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 . intan dono no gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s, Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 . ní bhean boin do baintrebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b.¤ do bheith ar n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb.¤ fán bhféar (of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 . ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú, Measgra D. 27.34 . mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b.¤ / [san] chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for it will be a whole cow in heaven, DDána 42.39 . ná bíodh aca choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach = kyne, RSClára 108a . b.¤ sa bhoin `a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes), see Binchy, Críth G. (p. 106 ): secht seoit sin da tecait ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo riu, conid ceithri ba, O'Curry 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8). naoi marg xxit do bhuaibh no darget `29 marks . . . in cows or in money', Trans. RIA xv (1826) 33.25 .

Of land: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).

In phrr. in various applications: b.¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16 Comm. b.¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 . ár mbadh bhí bleacht, ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court). in bo derba `milch cow', Laws ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199 n.7 ). b.¤ ḟind óderg white red-eared cow `often mentioned in early Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin, Ériu xiv 170 and Peritia xix 239-55 : roerbad iarom b.¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di, Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga, ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b.¤ bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Note also: bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag', Plummer MS. notes), perh. hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia hidpairt, LB 152a58 . b.¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt due (?), O'Mulc. 862. b.¤ ḟeisi (see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ): ised slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for bidbuid cows of spending the night (part of compensation payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73). b.¤ indláeg see indláeg and, Ériu xx 231 - 2 . b.¤ gabála a (beef-)cow levied as a due (see gabál): bo g. .i. mart, no in b.¤ méth, ut est athgabail b.¤ gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta, O'Dav. 284. b.¤ lethgabála (expld. by O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for the relief of the poor' (i.e. the huaitne fonluing, etc.). dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 . b.¤ marta beef-cow , see 2 mart. b. threlóeg a cow having had three calves: .i. cuinnid co hobonn boin treloegh , Bretha 42 § 33.6 . .i. ni truma na inni ata ina thoirsiugud umpu na bo trelaog , 44 § 34.9 . tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega , Laws i 102.19 Comm . b.¤ thúir see 2 túr.

In nn. loc. (see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis . . . Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 . Bernas ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 ) Cūailnge, TBC-I¹ 897.

Compds. With nouns: cin boainmead without bovine defect(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 250 (H.3.18, 145). bó-ár name of a cattle-disease, RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb (see bódíth infra) no galur righín, O'Dav. 291. iar dteacht do bh.¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic mic Airt, Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT iii 5.10 . bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri, etir trebrad ┐ sned, 28 § 67 . aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd ┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 . Dond Cúalnge . . . / co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait ` Cattle-Raid ', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.8 . screpul cach bóbotha ` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56. Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386. ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . See bóchar. go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra `to protect his cows against them', AFM iii 224.6 . crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle, AU ii 506.20 . leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ? ba flaith os chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.8 . ina bai bit a mbodaingen `cows should be in a cow-fastness' (i.e. at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . See bódela. at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of a cow (?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ). bodibad mor fo Erind destruction of cattle, AU i 470.22 . doroine bo-dhibadh mór (of an invad- ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet) Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy 302.9 . bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh `murrain', AFM ii 1044.11 . earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i 494.15 . bó-dún see badún. moch i.e. bo-erge lit. cow-rising (gl. buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ). no sechmallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil `the beef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.). co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 . nía boidb bógeimnech (rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC). bōger ` beef- lard ', MacCongl. 79.23 . bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na saire ` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin, see Wortk. 146 : (g s. as epithet) Enna Bōguine (B. ōtāt Cenēl m Bógaine, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 . Cf. Boguinig `the descendants of Enna Boghuine' (note), MR 156.10 . co ro slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid [sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]." Unde . . . Beann Bogaine `a cow- slaughter', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden, ACL iii 324.7 . sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge `of cows milk', Thes. ii 48.30 . boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . . gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine, Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. conamailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef (?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . ethar bec . . . bōshaille `of beef-fat', MacCongl. 85.10 . boseiche ` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e] direnatar dó, Críth G. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh ` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) = bó ṡlabhra, Keat. iii 2243 . bo-ṡlechta `the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810. rith cana boileachta `des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP xviii 383.14 . cain boiliuchta (i.e. `the law that treats of cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm. seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42. bosluaiged lit. host of cattle gl. mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. botheach ` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. bótháin cow raid : rohir dam . . . .x. mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 . ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267 = bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐ bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). no geibed Flidais . . . do bóthorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 . co tí in bo dia botreib, BB 397b2 . in a bo-tuar (`cow dung ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 464.13 Comm.

With adjj.: bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like the cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ). brucchaid bó-cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682. Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.

With bú-: ? maccaim beca buaigelta (buaidhghela, v.l.), TTebe 1372 . Cf. bógeltach. a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐ cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 . for buageltach ṁBreg (of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 § 1 . Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ), cf. BDD² 1209.

See bárach, bóaire, bóbath, bólacht, bómlacht, bóraime, 1, 2 búarach.

brón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brón or dil.ie/6964

 

Forms: bróin, bróin

n o, m. See GOI § 62. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96.

(a) sorrow, grief, grieving, lamentation; distress, burden: brōn .i. a fronte etc., O'Mulc. 167. brōn .i. prono graece, dolens, unde brōn, 168 . do beir nech in cuma ┐ in mbrōn for a sūilib, 340 . cumha, caoi, triabhuin, b.¤, tuirse doilghíos, Eg. Gl. 134. b.¤ ref. to tristitiam (8), Wb. 14d10 . b.¤ caích bad b.¤ dúibsi gl. flete cum flentibus, 5d25 . ni far mb.¤ si etc. gl. contristati, 16b8 . in b.¤ gl. mestitudinem, Ml. 129c6 . 86d6 . bá b.¤ di suidib m'aicsin i n-imniud, 44c6 . in bróin (g s.), 77d12 . i mb.¤ , 108a11 . atcondairc setig fo b.¤ `in grief', Thes. ii 329.48 (Hy. v Comm.). dá b.¤ flatha nime (title of tract), LU 1428 ( RC xxi 386.15 ). fer b.¤ fort, LU 10886 (TE) (see feraid II (d)). b.¤ búridach `loud-voiced care', TBC-LL² 4566 . gabála báise . . . b.¤ oc fleid . . . b.¤ fri ríg, Tec. Corm. § 14.11 , 31 . domna bróin, CRR 4. ró-gab b.¤ ┐ toirsi . . . na hapstalu (= contristati sunt, p. 432.13), PH 5119. ni bron da niad rashlogh R. `never loses heart', Magauran 4332 . mo bh.¤ (interjection), Keat. Poems 1477. Attrib. g s.: a bás bróin , ZCP vi 269 § 4.

Extended applications: trí bróin ata ferr fáilti: b.¤ treóit oc ithe messa, b.¤ guirt apaig, b.¤ feda fo mess `the heaviness of a wood under mast', Triads 68 . brón déisi ag dathaghadh `harvest's gloom', Arch. Hib. i 93 § xxix . Perh. as opp. of fáilte in: ce dobera bron doib treimit (of refusal of hospitality), Laws v 172.z Comm. b.¤ .i. troscad, ut est: ar ní fuben díre dó cé dobera bron doibhsidhe, Ériu xiii 75 § 194. b.¤ .i. trosgadh, O'Cl. In phr. b.¤ trogain see 1 trogan.

(b) As quasi-vn.: ag bron, Bard. Synt. Tr. 97.71a40 (see 242).

Compds. With nouns. ? bebais brónamaill (: mórālaind) ṁbratha, LL 15906. fri bronag `against mournful battle', Gorm. Oct. 19. ? ba h-airithe les in aird-rig a brun-dalta . . . do bron-tiugh-bhádúg báis, MR 112.3 . ro and brónbríg (: mōrríg) `weakened sorrows' force', Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 32. i mbrónchaoi . . . ghéir, Hackett xi 12 . brón-chommbrúdh contrition , TSh. 8889. go ccualadar an brónchómhrādh . . . éugcaointeach, Celt. Rev. x 134.17 . cosg tarta gach brōn- chuire, Mac Aingil 3609 . Ó Héodhusa 229.12 . tug cantlamh bantrachta ar bhrón-fhleidh, Keat. Poems 150. adhbhar . . . brón-ghuil, O'Rah. 56.13. fo brón-guba `dismally wailing' (of demons), Metr. Dinds. iv 84.z . With adj. ? ¤derc, see 1 bráen compds.

1 caill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caill or dil.ie/7742

 

Forms: caille, caill, cailli, coillidh, -e, cháill, coille, coilli, caille, caille, coilled, c., caille, coille, cailli, coille, caillidh, caillig, caillti, caillted, cailtib, choille

n f. g s. caille. a d s. caill, cailli, -e. Later also with dental infl., IGT Decl. § 191 (d s. coillidh, -e). n s. in cháill , Ml. 104b5 . a s. coille (: cloinde), IGT Decl. ex. 338 . coilli, TTebe 1831 . g s. caille, LU 7001 . na caille (na coilled , v.l.), Auraic. 398 . d s. c.¤ , Thes. ii 298.12 (Hy. i pref.). coill (: ursoinn), IGT Decl. ex. 454 . caille, Anecd. i 11.27 (caill(e), SCano 359). coille, LL 18608 . cailli, RC xxvii 280 § 34 . coille (: coinne), DDána 30.4 . caillidh, ZCP xi 63 § 11 . caillig, Alex. 695 . n p. caillti, Ériu xvi 84.108 . g p. caillted, TTebe 2661 . d p. cailtib, LU 8504 ( FB 35 ). Note also n s. an choille , Ériu viii 195 § 4 (reading uncertain). Somet. appar. inflenced by caílle, to which some forms included here may belong.

Wood, forest : c.¤ a ca(i)lle .i. semita ferarum (terrarum , MS.), Corm. Y 339 . silua [.i.] coill, Ir. Gl. 115 . c.¤ .i. densitas arborum , Sg. 106b9 (cf. ola, rós compds. Cf. Études Celt. xi 108 ). fulacht cacha chaille, Laws v 482.26 . c.¤ gabala `an appropriated wood', O'Don. Suppl. mes .i. na coille gabhala, O'D. 2202 (Nero A vii, 140a). ropar cocle cridi / ropar caemthe caille (of warriors), LL 10512 ( TBC-LL¹ 3524 ). triocha magh tugsad a coill (: Floinn) `thirty plains they cleared of wood', Content. iv 23 . tar cailli fo thuaidh, AFM ii 740.12 . doire coille, Atlantis iv 172.16 . do thréig a brat clúmha an choill, IGT Decl. ex. 1261 . fa hiomdha cnuas do chuilleadh, Measgra D. 39.33 . co tucdais amus caillea ┐ foraigechta fortho ambuscades and forays, Cog. 74.13 . In names of plants: sug in cuqumiris coille juice of the wood cucumber, ACL i 327 § 59 . rois cælli, Auraic. 1320 .

In transfd. senses. Of weapons: doleccatt . . . sloig . . . a ngai uili fair co mbadar ina caillid trit, BB 437b29 . cleth caillti . . . do slegaib, MR 224.1 . Of a fleet of ships (in ref. to masts): na coill bhárc bhréideadh súaithnidh, Studies 1921, 74 § 9 . Of a family, group of people etc.: rogab fos ic finib Flaind / dligid a doss a derb-ch. he claims refuge amongst his own people(?), Metr. Dinds. ii 58.18 . gur thagh don choill réaltainn ríogh and chose a guiding star for His people, PBocht 1.11 . do crapadh i nglasaibh araile don choill chéadna, Ó Bruad. iii 18.3 . In phr. néoill caille clouds as dense as a wood (a portent): adchondairc . . . na neoill coilli comdluithi, TTebe 4842 . atcim neill caille uasaib, RC xxxix 8 § 5 .

In phrase fo ch.¤ in outlawry, in hiding, at large , etc.: foglaid . . . fo choill oc cosnom rigi an outlaw . . . in hiding disputing the kingdom, Ériu v 36.15 . midhach mairg is scal fó caill / is fer baeth ag mac Sidhmaill, SG 100.18 . an chlainnsin Ch. fa choill, IGT Introd. § 150 . nocha leicc dhamh dol fón choill do not let me become an outlaw, BS 83 . ar ndol fān gcoill d'iarraidh subh / ní fā ghuth do-chuaidh sí, O'R. Poems 1961 (see note). creach fa choill in secret, O'Hara 3077 . mé riamh ón chreideamh fa ch.¤ excluded from, Dán Dé xxiii 32 . ód thromaicme a-tú fa choill, DDána 67.3 . an uair do bhádhassa fa choill ┐ fa ghruaim ag Fionn `when F. outlawed me', Oss. iii 136.4 . go rug an bás céim 'n-a choinne / a ghrás féin fa choille ar Críosd (? ref. to Matthew xxvii 46 ), DDána 30.4 . léicid fo ch.¤ leaves off, discontinues (?): ernither log enech fir in faesma don athgabail do lecon fon caill (gl. on: asrenar log n-enech in snaite), Laws i 98.18 Comm. aen trian dfir na athgabala ┐ in athgabail do lecan fo ch.¤ , iii 392.8 Comm. ? log enech dathgabail inbleogain fo chaoill, ii 18.25 Comm. logh enech do gres fo caoill dathgabail cinta ┐ inbleogain, 20.6 Comm. fo chaille, 38.5 Comm. doeim pecach an eclais .i. is slan don eclais na biubaid do lega[d] fo caoill to release, allow to escape(?), O'Curry 2649 ( Eg. 88, 55(56)d ). Note further: rath caille .i. rath do loingsech bis a c.¤ , O'Curry 875 (H 3.18. 392b). cuir chailli contracts with banished persons, ZCP xiii 22.21 ( Bürgschaft 10 § 27 , ZCP xviii 396 ). ceithearn coilleadh clann Ádhuimh / clann ler coilleadh a riaghail, DDána 10.1 `outlawed band', Ir. Monthly 1929, 210 . an ḟeracht choille outlawry, brigandage(?), IGT Decl. ex. 850 .

In n.loc...: son a garma / macraide caille Fochlad, Thes. ii 312.6 (Hy. ii). See also Hog. Onom. (c.¤ , -e).

Compds. coillbile Crích Mis (a warrior), Ériu iv 214.11 . dob é an coill-bhile cineoil, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 30 . ó chrích chaillghil na gcaladh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 73 § 6 .

1 cía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cía or dil.ie/8965
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cía, ci, cá, gá, cá, gá, cár, cá, cía, citné, cia, ciodh, cisne, cipé, cipé

interr. and indef. pron. Given in list of interrogatives, Laws v 6.1 ff. Comm. ; for forms permitted and prohibited in classical verse see IGT Introd. § 16 . See GOI §§ 456 - 460 , Strachan, Ériu i 6 ff. , Bergin, Ériu xii 205 ff.

A As interrogative.

I General form cía (ce, ci) (`unstressed or weakly stressed,' GOI § 456 ) without indication of gender. In later lang. freq. cá, gá (cf. gia, TBC-LL¹ 56 , giá, 730 etc.). who? what ? (in direct and indirect interrogation).

(a) With dependent verb (as conj. part. or in accordance with Bergin's Law). As subject of vb.: cia beir búar o thig Temrach who takes? LL 1566 . cía rét Brega?, LU 9306 . ? cia saig do rús Herind. . .?, LL 1787 . cía taisiu?, LU 6307 . cia bátar do bésa?, Tec. Corm. 7 . ní fitir R. cía-rraba / crích `whose was', Metr. Dinds. iv 4.45 . immoscoemorcuir ceptar hé, Corm. Bodl. 34.21 . As object: ce róich `how far . . . extends', Sg. 26a11 . cia roich eneclann?, Laws iii 536.1 . cia-roig dire? Ir. Recht 13 § 14 . cia fairneac?, Ériu xi 44.3 . cia acca whom didst thou see? LU 7135 . bec a ḟis duid cia do ordo, Anecd. i 7.5 ( do(o)rdo, SCano 198 `what I croon', Gloss.). So also in cíar(r)icc (separate article). Rarely cid in this use. Nom. cid dernad?, LL 251a18 . Accus. cid dernais?, LL 251a39 .

With inf. pron. usually cich-: cichib foruireth? . . . fon-roireth imned what has been caused to you? TBFr. 399 = ZCP iv 45.28 . cichib-roerad? what has been prepared for you (i.e. how have you fared?), IT iii 237.62 = cichib roér ol Bodb. Nin foruireth nammaith olse, LL 246b24 . mnā brataiter . . . cichi brata? cichi aig? cichi goin? who abducts them? TBC-I¹ 1081 (cicen, cíche, ciche, LU). ? ciche bárogell a regg / sonend ┐ dubdonend, LL 376a4 . Exceptionally: ar feisidh ciab dergeine `who has made you', Blathm. 91 § 6 . fir gontair, mnā brattar, bai agthar . . . cistabrata, cisdagata, cisdabeir? TBC-I¹ 2989 . See ZCP xxii 29 .

With copula: innaní asbertis cipad a déne ind hesséirgi `that used to say what would be the swiftness of the resurrection', Wb. 25b27 . conid fessed cia bed flaith inna diad, Ml. 89b7 . For cía ba chan see can.

Hence in various adverbial meanings. (b) how ? cia Ulto ána acca?, LL 13439 . cumma cīa-thōetsat imbi, Sc.M² 3 (`how', Gloss.). cía festa `how should ye know?' Metr. Dinds. iii 48.12 . cia ḟacci ar sluág?, TBC-LL¹ 223 . is cuma dó c.¤ eipli, Liad. and Cuir. 20.17 `how he dies', Contribb. 363 . With deut. form: cía dorochair Cróeb Dathi?, Metr. Dinds. iii 148.1 . Note also: cīa tairicc? Tairic hi cind teora mblīadna when? ZCP viii 312.29 .

(c) where ? In later lang. cá, gá (nasalizing), with narrative tense cár. cá `lochdach', IGT Introd. § 16 . Orig. with téit: ni fetatar cia deochaid where he went, LU 3329 ( SCC 12 ). nocon ḟess cia deochatar, LL 290a27 . With deut. form of vb. cia dochuatar ass? where did they go? TFerbe 565 . In later lang.: cá ngabhaid?, Oss. iii 232.5 . Keat. Poems 1545 . cá bhfaighion tú an raidhirc so?, ZCP v 215.419 . cā ndearnais do c[h]ēadc[h]reach?, Feis Tighe Chonáin 145 . cár ghabh, 490 . cá ar fríth é?, ZCP v 215.418 . carbh ail les dul, Stair Erc. 981 . With attá: ga ffuil maithe na Féine?, Duan. F. ii 322 § 15 (see iii 151). ga bhfuil suim . . . na naitheantadh `what is the abridgment?' Donlevy 52.22 . ro fhiarfaigh I. ca rabe A., Stair Erc. 25 . do f[h]iafraigdur dī cā raibhe sí whence she was, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1666 . Note also cia racha, ITS xvii 188.1526 etc.

(d) With fíu glossing Lat. quam, how (great, etc.): cia fíu .i. mór ní gl. quam admirabile, Ml. 17b12 - 13 . gl. quam (sollicite), 23a10 . ce fiu gl. quam maxime, Sg. 114a3 . See Dict. Fasc. fíu and compare cia fiú me bheith beó etc. how can I remain alive? ITS xvii 159.963 .

(e) With follg. noun (often as antecedent of rel. clause). With masc.: ciachruth gl. quomodo, Sg. 212a1 (see 1 cruth). cia dune ind inni-sseo gl. qualem . . . hominem, Ml. 35c33 . cia mod .i. imba do gres . . . `what measure', Ml. 100d4 . Perh. also in the follg.: dús cia port indib maith óigedacht `in what place', Wb. 26b24 . cia salmscribdid conicfed són `what psalmist?', Ml. 14a6 . amal nad finnatar sidi cia loc sainriud dia regtais, 99b10 . cia randdatu bis indi, Sg. 27a12 . cía cethrar? Rí ┐ brithem etc., Críth G. 536 . cia file ar secht ccumhaluibh dlighidh what poet . . .? Ériu xiii 18.4 . cia fot atúsa isin chotlud sa how long? LU 6359 . gá fad?, TSh. 1618 . ca sén dob ferr?, Ériu iv 224.13 . ca ræt in muirn . . . ar-at-cluineam?, TTebe 1901 (see crét). ca hinad?, LB 137b51 . gá cara don uile as fhearr?, A. Ó Dálaigh xv 5 . DDána 50.12 . gá fhios nach . . . (ḟ = bf?), O'Gr. Cat. 456.10 . gá chúis fá . . ., 12 . cár bh'iongnadh?, Hard. i 204 .

(f) With fem.: cia airm `what place', Wb. 12d18 (see cairm, cáit). ceseirc gl. quam caritatem habeam, 14d15 (differently GOI 289 ). ce meit gl. quanto, 33a1 . ce mét aimmser bes indi `what times may be in it', Sg. 25b16 . ce méit a[s] sinu aís quam A. `how much older', Wb. 34a5 . See méit. cia dú gl. quo, Ml. 40c7 . cia inni soas `how He turns', 123d8 (see note). cá huair díscáeilter in doman nó cá tráth thiucfus Dia?, RC xxiv 382.32 . ca delb rogabais? Ériu iv 104.15 . cia ben is mesa do mnáib?, ZCP viii 113.11 . cá slat is slimghile bas?, O'Gr. Cat. 332.27 . ga hobar dhíbh nach doiligh?, Studies 1921, 588 § 1 . gá breath rug féin ar an bhfear? Dán Dé xxv 16 .

(g) With neut.: cia eret mbete oc m'ingraimmim-se `how long?' Ml. 33a9 . cia airet bis micomus etc., Laws ii 186.6 . cia hairet, PH 1501 . See airet, cairet. anfis ca cinel aire nos beir etc., Laws i 188.6 Comm. cia forcenn doberthar foraib, Ml. 33a9 . na fetar . . . ca galar . . ro-t-básaig, CRR 3 . cia indas conaittechtatar a n-íc, Ml. 90b16 . décaid . . . a arm cia indas rundgabsat, 55c1 (see indas, cindas). cia leath reghma?, Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). cia tír, ZCP viii 318.33 .

(h) cía with follg. prep. and noun or pron. rendering oblique cases of Lat. pronn. (see GOI 228 - 229 ): cia ar neoch gl. ad quid, Sg. 217a5 . Cf. cia erneo gl. quam ob rem, Ml. 101a4 . ci erniu gl. quamobrem, 47b1 . cairhe biit, Sg. 242b1 leg. ciairneo = quamobrem, n . ciarrét gl. quamobrem, Ml. 48c2 . cide gl. de quo (cia de? cid de?), Sg. 3a9 . cia du neuch gl. ad quem . . .? Ml. 16a9 . cia dunaib hi do foirmsed gl. de quibus adderet? 35a17 . cia du forcunn gl. quem ad finem, 33a9 . cia du rét gl. cui rei? 121d1 . cia isnaib hí gl. in quibus, 49c13 . cia in n-erbirt ṁbiuth gl. in quem ussum, 46b28 . cia i n-olcaib gl. in quibus malis, 23b2 . ci onaibhi, gl. quibus, 47a10 . cio ainmnid dixnigidir gl. ex quo sit nominatiuo? Sg. 207b3 . ciofut gl. usque quo, Ml. 20a17 . 93a15 . ci ho fothaib són gl. quibus (dementiae facibus accensi sunt), 16b19 . ci o retaib gl. quibus rebus, 35c35 . gl. ex quibus rebus, 44d24 . cio thomus gl. qua libra etc., 55d16 . So also probably in later lang.: cia chuige a ndírighmid ar nurnuigh, Donlevy 364.16 . ca as a tangadar, Stair Erc. 1412 . casa ticit siat, Ir. Astr. Tr. 146.1 . Hence perh. in later phr. gá d'ulc what is the harm of? (see olc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.z ). gá d'ulc bogur an bhása?, IGT Decl. ex. 758 . gá d'ulc mé gan mothugadh?, ex. 224 . gá d'ulc óigrí eslobar?, O'Gr. Cat. 470.9 . Cf. 2 cair. See Éigse xii 136 .

(i) In phrase cíadono why (then)? (see GOI 289 See further Éigse xii 136 .): ar cia dono gl. ut quid autem, Wb. 2d10 . hóre ro-n-ortigestar dia cedono tuidecht friss `why then?' 6a4 . ce dono rigne occo `what, then, is the good of prolixity in it?' 8d15 . cepu dono adrad dǽ do thabirt do Pool?, 7d16 . ciapu dono dún indarpe geinte `why should we then expel the Gentiles?' 19a14 . ? ēludh ann for romhuir / nícon fess cia dona, ZCP x 344.13 .

(j) In various constructions with adjj. In early legal texts with superl.: cia measom do cain ts.? `what is the worst of . . . ?' Laws ii 194.1 . cia dilsiumh d'ḟiledhoibh, Ériu xiii 31.2 . cía háithemh eó? acais dlighidh, etc., 25.6 . Prob. also: cia so do rinnibh etc. 20.30 = ciaso do ninnaib, O'Dav. 1289 . In later lang. in phrase gá beag is it not enough? ga beag mur ḟáth duilghis, IGT Decl. ex. 1057 . cá beag d'fhiadhnaise? Studies 1920, 97 § 2 . gárbh fhearr céim, 98 § 6 . gá bheag dhúinn dá dhearbhadh ort is it not proof enough for you? Content. vi 25 . Freq. with compar. in rhetorical questions. Cf. ga meisde ┐ ga c[h]an ┐ ca d'ulc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.z . gá cruaidhe ceisd what more difficult question (is there)? DDána 12.1 . ga deacra ní do neithibh?, IGT Decl. ex. 938 . car doilge [le] inghin Taidg / éc Aodha aird . . . / inā d'Echtaigh a bás bróin / Corbmaic hūi Cuinn . . . , ZCP vi 269 § 4 . ca ferr duind ar mbeandacht do chur . . . go fer in liubair sea na a fágbail aigi?, LU 2769 (colophon). gá fearr m'áis-se ná m'aindeoin how is it better to get my consent than to constrain me? Dán Dé i 5 . ga feirdi me do m[healladh]?, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.2 . cá bud fherrde, PH 7582 . gá misde don cholainn chriadh / an t-anam d'faghbháil ilphian what harm? Dán Dé xxv 41 . m'uabar gá mó mínáire?, O'Gr. Cat. 346.33 . do Mhuire gár mhó guasocht?, Dán Dé xx 47 . Note also: cá minic do chionntaidh sé `how often', Donlevy 320.28 . an lícc dimor uccat fil forsan tulaigh, cía mó atá i ttalamh dhi na uása how much more of it is in the earth than above it? BNnÉ 8.16 .

II Inflected (`more fully stressed', GOI § 456 ) cía, cisí cid, citné etc. In classical verse the forms cia and ciodh are stressed, see DDána 12.1 , 58.35 . `cía, can, cúich . . . were in direct interrogation used with the copula *esti (cf. mod. Ir. cé h-é) . . . ', O'Brien, Féil. Mhic Néill 88 .

With indep. form of verb (a) cía m.: cia beraid doib a remeperthe `who will refer to them the aforesaid?' Ml. 37a9 (perh. transition from I(a) above). Usually with rel. clause: cía rédes ruind?, BDD² 294 etc. cia dib gebus t'forba?, RC xxiv 194.1 . cía de as sru[i]thiu?, Críth G. 492 . cīa nād cūala?, ZCP xi 109 § 7 . Prob. also in follg., where there is no mark of rel.: cia con-icc ní dúun?, Wb. 4b11 . cia folínfea? 12d14 . cia dobera íc do Sión?, Ml. 34d5 . dús cia atrebea isin chathraig `to learn who will dwell in the city', 35b24 . cia de dogega `which of them I shall choose', Wb. 23b33 . dús cīa díb do-ngegad, Sc.M² 19 . caidi bad ferr la hUltu, a mmarb nō a mbeo . . . ?, TBC-I¹ 681 (cia dé, LU). do fiarfaidh A. de cia dá cloind do beith etc., ZCP xi 128.34 . quis est horum qui vicit . . . .i. cia ro blaiss bethaid?, LL 281a32 . cia aca is rogha leat?, Hard. i 274.y .

(b) cid n. (rel. frequently marked): cid aem no-dom-bera-sa cucuibsi, Wb. 1a8 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi `what impels you . . . ?', 9c20 . nícon fitir cid asbeir, 12c22 . ro fitid cid aridfuirig a foilsigud, 26a11 . dús cid forchomnacuir indi `to learn what hath happened therein', Ml. 16c5 . cid du-gén-sa osme `what shall I do, even I?', 30b9 . ní fintar cid attrebthar and `what is possessed there', Sg. 200b13 . niconfetadar cid fodruair `they . . . knew not what had caused it', Mon. Tall. 147.13 . asbert nicon feddur cid fil do sirgabail na biaide I do not understand your continual singing of the Beati, 127.2 . cid dogén?, ZCP viii 113.9 . cid tuccais ō Guaire what hast Thou got from G.? ACL iii 2.10 . With subst. vb. in nasalising rel. clause what ails, what is the matter with? see attá. With copula: nad fes cid as maith no as olc [do] denum, Ml. 51b7 . dober Dia aithesc cid as denti no cid as imgabthi, 51b8 . cid as dech do mnáib? what is the best type of wife? ZCP viii 113.5 . Note the variation in: na cóig guthaidhe, cía dhíobh as glan no as neamhghlan, no ciodh as cáol no as leathan da bfeadhuibh oireaghdha, ┐ créd atá na ndefhoghrachuibh etc., IGT Introd. 1.10 .

With nouns in sense who is? what is?

(c) m. cía (also occasionally with other genders, and regularly with ainm, see Ériu i 9 ): cia haes esca?, SR 7964 . cía méit in gill?, Críth G. 282 . cía [a] míad sidi?, 586 . cia th'ainmsiu?, LU 10774 . cía hainm? what's your name? BDD² 264 . cía hainm dá mnaí?, 365 . cia n-anmand what are their names? TFerbe 357 . cīa cétliaigh robūi ind-Ēirinn?, ZCP viii 105.12 . cía bar lín-se is[in] indsi-se?, Ériu iv. 142.21 . nī hētur cia hainm in maic aile, ZCP viii 293.24 . cia don teora crannsa an chroch, Dán Dé iii 27 . cia an monghar mór-sa?, DDána 85.6 . cia an duine bhias beó = quis est homo? TSh. 3125 .

Forms in -so, -su etc. (cf. indic. pres. 3 s. of 2 cía. See Celtica vii 38-42 ): ciaso baili ata in crann?, SR 7931 . ciaso buaid duinne?, Bodl. Dinds. 27 . cia so gním what deed? TBC-LL¹ 958 . cíasu anmann bai for suidiu?, IT ii2 195.153 . nī fetar-sa ciasu adba etc., Fing. R. 969 . ciasa bas . . . do bean . . . in bas-crann?, Ériu iv 116 § 26 (`whose hand?'). ciasa fogealtad son? .i. miach cacha mis, Laws iv 106. 15 Comm. ím comirc doib ciasa hairm ín ro scuirsid, 106.22 Comm. ciasa run, Auraic. 5210 (císi, v.l.). ciarsat comainm celisiu what's your master's name? LL 9041 (TBC). carsat comainm?, Acall. 390 . ciarso choma no bértha dó?, LL 8937 (TBC). garsa gním sain?, 9990 (TBC).

(d) cía with pron. who is? cia tussu díxnigedar who art thou? Wb. 4c24 . cia hé nu-n-dixnaigther-siu gl. qui sis, Ml. 75c9 . ciahé gl. qui (sit), 14d14 . cia hé `who is it?' 46c17 . ce hé roscríb `who it is that has written', Sg. 197a19 . cinní sin frisnaiccai siu `whom dost thou expect?', Thes. ii 227.30 (from intí-sin, GOI § 460 ). cia so who is this? Anecd. i 8. 23 ( SCano 257 ). cía so?, Sc.M² R 10 . cīa and-so?, 11 (for inso?). cia tusu?, RC xxiv 200.9 . fochtuis Feilis scela de, ce he budein, ZCP vi 25. 18 . cīa pad cīa . . . acht . . . Condere . . . who should it be but C.? Ériu i 114 § 3 . beag a fhios agad . . . / cia misi d'fhearaibh Eireann, Studies 1924, 243 § 17 . With -so, -su: cía so thú?, LU 10768 = ciasu tu, Ériu xii 170.3 . cársa cúich thú?, Mer. Uil.² 90 . cársa cía[s]ib-si etir?, 250 .

(e) cía with follg. prep. as antecedent of rel. clause (cf. I (h) above): cia dia fiachaigedar gl. ad quem debeat, Ml. 44b3 . cia forsa tiagat? `on whom do they fall? Laws ii 178.3 . nicon-fes cīa ō-tucad, Sc.M² 3 . cia ar nach tug a thrócuire? Dán Dé xxv 46 . cor dib Painiel dian / Gabriel cia ar nach cor?, KMMisc. 254.14 . d'iomad rogha ag Día dá dhiomda / fola cía dá ttiobhra ar tós, IGT Decl. ex. 109 .

(f) cisí, ces(s)í with f. noun: cisí chomairle ǽm `what indeed is the counsel?' Ml. 34c18 . cissi slabrai in díscer sa? LU 5162 (TBC). cissi gáir seo?, 4475 . císí (sic) suillse mór sucut?, BDD² 591 . áil dūn a ḟis . . . cisī rāth so, Ériu viii 157.6 . Freq. with follg. rel. clause: cessi aimser hi rogbath `at what time it was sung', Ml. 24d10 . cisi aimsir hi for-comnactar in gnimai, 97a5 . cisí digal didenach dumberaesiu a Dǽ, 100d5 . co n-eperthae cia aiccent ┐ cisi aimser derb thechtas, Sg. 26a6 . cisi rann dogéntar di, 27a13 . cesí aram gl. ad quod genus uel numerum refertur, 197b3 . cisi chiall bís indib `what is the meaning that is in them', 217a2 . cisi muime bat tualoing what fostermother could have? Blathm. 100 § 32 . cisi mathair con bert / an geinsi? ib. (MS. cisi in, text). cisi gnuis . . . forta napsalmo?, Hib. Min. 3.76 . cise noail noclanna `by what oath shall it be settled?' Laws iv 142.3 . cisi airm hi tá L.? LU 3620 (SC. 31). rāidh frim cisé (ciséd, v.l.) dāil di ṡund dogénum, ACL iii 294 § 13 . cisi breth rucais?, Rawl. 113a2 . cissí dichuimni rod dall?, LL 21767 . fég darisse . . . cisi chonar dotháet `look again, what road is he coming', RC iii 183.33 . inderb . . . cisi uair no cisi aimsir regthair, Ériu v 120.3 . cisí hairle do beradh, Hugh Roe² 292.14 . With ellipse of rel. clause: tair limsa . . . co ndérais. Cisí dígal?, MU² 1034 . Also somet. with other genders: ciasi animnairme (ainm n-áirme) fil . . ., Hib. Min. 2.41 . ciasi ord fil forna psalmu, 6.196 . ra iarfaig . . . cissi log conattaig, LL 30975 ( TTr. 156 ). occa scrúdadh . . . cisi cruth no aithfedh, Hugh Roe² 96.15 . Note also: atbertsat cipsi magen i ferfaithe in cath, Dinds. 188 ( RC xvi 274 ).

(g) cid with n. noun. In sense what is? cid aes ṅ-esci? BCr. 32a9 . cidh dire Mac-ḟuirmidh?, Ériu xiii 25.27 . cid an ní seo?, BDD² 242 . cid damhna bar ndocesaid?, ACL iii 310 viii 3 . ciodh achd ar ghrádh no ar ghrádsa / clár págsa d'fhior ón Aodhsa?, IGT Decl. ex. 137 .

With follg. rel. clause: imrádat imráti cid maith as déntí `as to what good is to be done', Wb. 1d7 . cid ḟolad ṡluindes, Sg. 25b17 (see note). ce torad gl. quem . . . fructum habuistis? Wb. 3b29 . cid chenél gl. quod genus . . . refertar, Sg. 197b3 . Perh. also: cidechor (= cid dechor) gl. quae sit differentia, 23a2 . In difft. constr. (cf. II (c) above): ced torbe doib etarscarad . . . fria tola what does it profit them? Wb. 13c6 . ce torbe dúib-si . . . in fogur-sin, Ml. 12d5 . ced slīab inso thall?, TBC-I¹ 614 .

(h) cid with pronoun: ced ed tra `what is it then?' Wb. 3b28 . cid so?, Mon. Tall. 130.15 ; YBL 118a23 ; ZCP xiii 179.3 . cid sin?, BDD² 448 . cid ón `what is that?' RC iii 184.25 . ceadh sibh acht na seacht dtroighthe what do you amount to? DDána 53.21 .

(i) cid with DO. With follg. neg.: cid dait-siu . . . nád bod latt curadmir, etc. why shouldn't you have? LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). cid daib . . . nach mair[b]fed sib?, TTebe 1865 . cidh damhsa cen dul d'iarraidh a maithme why should I not go, etc.? RC xxvii 294 § 38 . Note also: cidh duibsi what think ye of it? (?), RC xxvi 366.13 . cidh dhúinn déanamh a bhfeasa `why need I tell of them?' Content. iv 27 .

(j) cid with DI: cid de ón what does that matter? LU 6361 . cid de-side why so? TBC-LL¹ 5580 .

(l) cid with prep. and rel. clause: cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the on what basis have the lay grades been laid down? Críth G. 6 . Sliab B. cid diata whence is it named? RC xv 301.5 . cídh día ndearnadh Adhamh, 23 E 26, 5.18 .

(m) In similar construction in meaning why? With AR: cid arind epur frit why do I say it to thee? Wb. 5a31 . cid ara ndluthid caratrad friu iterum?, 27a30 . cid ara todlaigther inso, Ml. 32a5 . cid ara fodaim int ais firian inna fochaidi? 55d11 . cid armad machdad etc.? Sg. 167a4 . cid arṅdid huathuislib ildaib disruthaigedar?, 198b3 . cid ar bad?, Thes. ii 227. 34 . cid ara n-eperr Críth Gablach?, Críth G. 1 . cidh ar a fhuil Cuncha ar in inadhso?, ZCP xi 40.35 . With DI: cid dia leícid cundubairt for drecht uáib?, Wb. 13b12 . cid dia n-éirena(i)tar?, Críth G. 121 . rofiarfaig . . . desim cid dia mboi fora iarrair, Grail 1522 . With IMM (later FÁ): finnaid . . . cid imma ndernad in t-id, LL 8053 (TBC). cidh ma tancais alé `why hast thou come . . . ?' Ériu iii 158 § 11 . cid 'ma n-iarthai?, TTebe 1700 . cid . . . 'mara loirgis, TFrag. 118.15 . ciodh far dhoilghe trí thairnge?, DDána 40.10 . innis dúinn ciodh fa ttánghuis, Duan. F. i 78.16 . ciodh fa ttiobhradh, IGT Decl. ex. 1311 .

(n) cid as adverb, why ? cid no mbetha . . . on what account shouldst thou be . . . ? Wb. 4c24 . cid na déccaid?, Fél. Prol. 201 . ced nach maith?, Trip.² 1968 . cid nabsin Fedelm-sa . . . cichsed, LU 8296 ( FB 22 ). Tond Chlidna cid aréracht?, Metr. Dinds. iii 214.54 . cid éige, a bean?, Celtica iv 16.154 . cidh tāi a[g] gul?, ZCP viii 559.5 . cid . . . na caithi do chuidich? Ériu v 36.19 . do chách ciodh nach aithréasda?, DDána 58.35 . cidh na ro chomaillis an gealladh doradais?, BNnÉ 295 § 22 . Cf. cid ane . . . meic na mbachlach . . . do chomram cucum what business have the sons of rustics to be contending with me? Sc.M² 12 .

(o) where ? whither ? With téit: co n-at[h]comaircter nde cid ted, RC xiii 222.5 . cid nothēigid ?, ZCP xiii 176.8 . co fesamar úait . . . cid thége whither thou goest, Ériu iv 140.5 . ní fedar festa cidh rachad, Anecd. i 77.9 . cid lotar ?, LL 12826 . cid ghébmoe ?, BDD² 245 . Exceptionally with attá: d'iar[r]aidh fhessa . . . cuith a roiphi in ingen where, TTebe 33 (leg. cáit ?).

(p) In phr. cid tra acht, see trá.

Plural forms.

(q) citné, citni (prob. from cia ata n-é ` who, what (is it) that they are?', Thurn., ZCP xx 372 , GOI § 456 ). assindet sunt tra citné cumacte diandid cóir infognam what are the powers, Wb. 6a9 . citne gl. (sí . . . quaeritur) quae (gentes), Ml. 16b13 . cit né briathra robatar `what were the words?', 61b7 . cit né robatar `what were they?', 8 . asindet ón ciné (leg. citné? edd.) fochainn . . ., 101a3 . citni rig reachta . . . / robatar 'sind amsir sin?, SR 2347 . citni trenfir dotiarmórsetsu?, LU 10261 . cit n-é uisce . . . do-ríadhad?, BDD² 456 . ni fetar citne briga / mo dul i teach cor-riga I do not know what good there is in my going into the house to kings, Ériu v 30.2 . citni cenela na fuillet, Rawl. 69a29 . indis . . . dam . . . / citne clerig notrefet, / citne oic notndeirget, Three Hom. 110.16 , 17 . citne tire in geinseadar?, Leb. Gab.(i) 234.20 = Keat. ii 741 . Without follg. noun: citné foruar what are they which He has prepared? Wb. 8b5 . citne and dī rott eblatar?, LU 10284 . citn-éisidi?, BDD² 555 . ? citne in ferand?, LL 15993 = Todd Nenn. 222.3 (ceisi urrand, v.l. 223 n.).

(r) cisne (described as an `iarmberla', Auraic. 1308 ): cis n-é amuis ata chórai?, Críth G. 578 . cisne lesa . . . tascnat . . . ?, Laws i 230.21 . cisne tri leaca robaid?, v 450.1 . cisne sgéith sguirde caithche?, Ériu xiii 17.15 . cisne trí gealla nád fuilled . . .?, 33.28 . cisne tri horba doranaiter la Féne? O'Curry 2167 ( Eg. 88, 5(6)a ). cisne a trí a nemtiger cléirech, O'D. 2209 (Nero A vii, 144b). cís ní doghair oes eiscí? IT iii 262.12 . cia on cotagair æsa escai?, 61.18 = cis non dogar eassa uiscci?, Leb. Gab.(i) 264.13 . Exceptionally with pl. ending: cisneíd side ? . . . baes ┐ aneolus ┐ eitges, ZCP xii 363.2 .

(s) cis (see ZCP xx 372 , Ériu xiv 140 ): cis tána? ZCP xx 372.19 . cis n-dithle `welches sind Entwendungen?', 17 . cis duirn díolmhuine dlighther?, Ériu xiii 23.5 = O'Dav. 584 . cis dúar dían drongaighther . . . ?, Ériu xiii 26.2 = cis [i] duar etc., O'Dav. 883 . cis daghmaine domain dingnaith? O'Curry 2460 ( Eg. 88, 37(38)c ). cis rechta na gaibter a fiadhnaisi? 2600 ( Eg. 88, 51 (52)b ).

(t) Phr. cis lir how many (are) ? See Bergin, Ériu xiv 140 ff. cislir .i. cia lear no lin na sochaidi, Laws v 4.x Comm. cis lir tairgsin cach fine `how many are the . . . ?', 463.13 . gabála báise cis lir `the ways of folly, what is their number?' Tec. Corm. 14 (24.2) (gabail, v.l.). With follg. noun and rel. clause: cis-lir fir for a nasgar how many men are there who are bound? Ériu xiii 31. 21 . cis lir lanamna docuisin la feine? Laws ii 344.1 . cislir fodhla fil forsan mbron?, Anecd. v 24.16 . With follg. rel. verb: cis lir ata chóra[i] do ríg do giull how many (things) are legal . . . ? Críth G. 505 . cis lir congellait? Laws i 230.3 . cair cis lir dos-liad . . . ?, Ériu xiii 30.33 . Rarely with pl. -t: cesc citlir topuir, O'Curry 505 ( H 3.18, 257 ). See 2 lir.

(u) c(i)ata: ciata glinni con-daigi?, MU² 65 . cata cuir con-daigi-siu?, 72 . ciata builg itir ón?, RC xiii 66 § 67 . ni fedadar ceta inada . . . no indsechtais, CCath. 776 . Note also: cialín nasluag . . . / . . . ceti arbair, SR 7907 .

B As indef. in a variety of phrases.

(a) cía with noun: cia port i mbai a mathair wherever her mother was, Vita Br. 4 . cía baili i ffod as iatt sin / oidheadha na n-ócc eistidh `whatever place they may sleep' (reading i ffaoíit with note), Leb. Gab.(i) 188.3 .

(b) cía with vb. (conj. and prot.): cia tīasam wherever we go, Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i). cia bronntar indi, Críth G. 234 . cia taccra(i) whoever may claim (them), 425 (see 398 n.). cía denar cia therar whatever I do, whatever I say, Ériu i 227.5 . nocha n-érlai asin chathraigh acht cía térnai do rind gai, TTr.² 158 . a n-athair rempu cia thé `where'er he went', Ériu iv 100.2 . In chev. with adverbial force: cia bé however it be, LL 382 , 15039 . cia bia, Rawl. 137a38 . cia de do teacomnacair whichever it happened to be, Blathm. 98 § 25 (see notes). Cf. ciade gl. uter, Sg. 242a1 . ? is derb ní báes cia 't bera, Metr. Dinds. i 36.95 .

(c) cía with indic. of attá: cia bai dia chalmacht . . . bái dia nertmaire however brave he was, TBC-LL¹ 773 . niconibdis bandai cormmai . . . cia bith ara tecmainged dóib `they used not to drink a drop of beer whomsoever they might happen to meet', Mon. Tall. 129.19 . ( Ériu xii 209 ). cipia frisa ferthar tnú whoever shall be an object of envy, Ériu v 211.69 ( Ériu xii 209 ). cía búi de `whatever came of it' (cheville), Metr. Dinds. iii 396.23 . cía baoi dhe .i. gibé dobhi dhe, O'Cl.

(d) cip, cib with noun: cib cenél tra diaro scribad ind epistil to whatever people, Wb. 3b20 . cip port i ndēntar, Cáin Ad. 36 . Usually with cruth however it be, at all events: cipcruth bíid páx libsi etc., Wb. 5d33 . cipcruth tra, 12d24 . ni confetor cib cruth ind aingel fa dia, Blathm. 100 § 31 . See cipindus.

(e) cecip with noun (see Contribb. s.v. cech ): cecip maighean i raegbadh wherever, AFM i 30.3 . cecib tan tiostaois, v 1552.4 . tre bithin gona, no fiabhrasa cecib diobh whichever it was, vi 2024.5 . cecib nech tairisnighes iniort an coimdheadh, 2126.1 . cecip cruth foghabhtais, Hugh Roe² 86.2 . In follg. the use is strictly speaking interrogative: ní feas cecip tucht i tudchaidh, AFM iii 286.3 .

(f) cipsi with noun: cipsi aitt i loich dosfail, Rawl. 127a44 . cepsi cruth, BB 22b13 ( for cip c.¤ , Ériu xii 208 n. ). cipsi cruth `no matter how', Hugh Roe² 290.22 . cipsi mbith dáil for congra, Hard. ii 292.y . airlim n-eicne cipsí whatever it may be, Laws iv 92.z .

(g) cissí: ro geall Sir Persaual di sin cidhsi cor ara fetfad, Grail 1979 . case chruth i mbet, TBC-LL² 348 .

(h) cía bé, cipé, cid bé etc. with noun ( Ériu xii 208 ): cia bé a mmet `however great it may be', Ml. 61b28 . cipé leth tiasam, Thes. ii 299.42 . gidhbe an smólach ní chodhlann `even the thrush does not sleep', Duan. F. i 84.30 . cipe cruth, LU 3870 ( SCC 38 ). cipé rí bes hi Caisiul, ZCP viii 315.27 . ce-b e nech and do-neth . . . , PH 478 . cipé tan bud ríg tusa for Érinn 'whenever', FDG² 11.327​ . cipé a léire baistither in duine however devoutly, Ériu i 218 § 3 . gidh bé neimhdhéine do neinn, Dán Dé xiii 8 . cidh bé dhíobh staid, TSh. 3986 .

(i) cía bé, cipé etc. with verb: ciphéade (sic leg.) asberam `whichever', Ml. 25d11 ( Ériu xii 209 ). cipé da mbad áil etc., MU² 560 . céb é uabsi comallas frimsa hé, LU 9013 ( FB 76 ). atú ar bhaois gidh bé nach fuil, Dán Dé ix 8 . gidh bé ara geall, 16 . cibé labhras, TSh. 1781 . acht gidh bé éistios riomsa, Proverbs i 33 . gidh be ar bith bheanas ría `whosoever', vi 29 . Note also: mairbt[h]eim coich bē a dīe, Corm. Y 419 .

(j) cipé as adv. at all events , etc.: cipé gl. ubilibet, BCr. 31c2 . do gessaib ríg T. . . . / . . . cocad ruind co bráth ce bé `howsoever it be', CRR 54 . fiū cōicait cumal cipē, Fianaig. 50 § 27 . is maith liom a theacht gidhbé, Oss. vi 166.12 . ciphe de, BB 398b6 .

(k) cíabed, bad, beith etc.: ciabed ammet inna fochaide however great, Ml. 39a13 . cia beith a lin na noged however numerous the guests, Vita Br. 7 . ce bad hé frisa ndénte to whomsoever ye should do it (so Ériu xii 210 ), Wb. 9c24 . ciabadh hé richt a mbeith `in whatever shape she might be', Ériu xii 154 § 18 (TE). cebedh si maigen . . . a mbeith `in whatsoever part of Ireland she might be', ibid. cé beth da lánáille, ZCP viii 208.29 (but see Ériu xii 206 ). ge do beith do méit a tindenuis, Mer. Uil.² 146 . ciabadh e, Blathm. 96 § 20 , restored as ciabad de `whichever it be'. cia beith no co bia-so fó mebail whatever happens, LMU 10 .

(l) ciped (see Ériu xii 208 ): ciped techtas nech `whatever it is that anyone has', Wb. 12d41 ( Ériu xii 210 ). gip ed no raditís, TBC-LL¹ 152 . cipead dommaire `whate'er befall me', Ériu ii 90 § 16 . gibedh o ttíosadh whencesoever they shall come, TFrag. 190.16 . ciped mac díb no gabad gasced, TBC-LL¹ 1089 . giped chuin at some time or other, 3338 . ciped laa . . . forsa m-be notlaic mór (cidped, cipe, gebe, cip, MSS.), Ériu ii 208 § 28 . cip ed de at all events, CRR 4 .

(m) cid: cidh urrunnus nodleisead in t-athair `whatever proportion . . . the father is entitled to', Laws iv 60.24 Comm. cidh dergoine daon, O'Dav. 585 = cib dergona daon, O'D. 2199 ( Ériu xii 206 ). cid dusgní whatever he do, BColm. 100.9 . Cf. cidh ead dogneth hEchtair do calma imon Troi whatever brave action . . . , BB 433b24 .

(n) cid cía: cid cía bes inti whoever be in it, BColm. 52.21 . seanfhocal súd solus a chiall / ciodh cia do chum, Ériu xvi 132 § 2 . cidh cia ro chodail and 'san aidhchi sin nochur' chodail Didho, Aen. 873 . cidh cía donī, ZCP x 51.7 . na cionnta gidh cia 'gá mbeid whosoever shall have (i.e. commit) sins, Dán Dé v 13 . ? gidh cia frí senadh atúaidh, Duan. F. ii 166 § 44 . Note further: cia bad cia dia theilcfead (sic) sop, Ériu v 34.8 . cid bé cia thú `whoever thou art', TTebe 4720 . ciped chia díb nomarbtha artús, RC iii 183.8 . gidh créd do íar Aitheirne, IGT Decl. ex. 1377 .

See 2 cía and 3 cía, 1 cóich.

clíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíath or dil.ie/9484

 

Forms: cliatha

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . g s. also cliatha, Cog. 156.6 .

(a) hurdle : cliath gl. creta [crates], Ir. Gl. 126 . denam cleib, denam cleithe, Laws v 474.4 . gach uair is loscadh comhraite is clía nudhnecht (sic leg.). Gach uair is loscadh anfoit is clia lathrach n-aile, iv 252.1 Comm. (cliath v.l.). cia sáer ro fích in cleith, LL 26382 . dogníthe derc . . . ┐ cliatha tairsiu. No briste in gae . . . ┐ a rind tresin cléith, RC xiii 454 § 48 . doratsat . . . cliatha caelaigh mora ós a cennaibh ┐ scratha fót tairsibh anechtair (as protection for beseigers), CCath. 1881 . laem . . . ainm don clēith bīs fon arbar oca tīrad, O'Mulc. 806 . cor eptha i cléith `putting a charm in a hurdle', MacCongl. 71.25 (prov., in a list of useless actions). Attrib. g s. i leabaidh chléithe, TSh. 2304 .

(b) Of a house or `les' (see 2 les) wattle panels of walls, doors or gates: samaisc i cléith tís, colpdach i cléith túas, Críth G. 215 - 16 . dá [n]dorus [n-]and —comla[e] ar ala n-aí, c.¤ ar alailiu, 101 . dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, 21 (23)a ). ro híadad in tech . . . ┐ doratad crann ar chleith (arcleith v.l.) airi immach, Trip.² 604 . elaim-si itir clēith ┐ ursaind, MacCongl. 123.18 (cf. cliathcomla). c.¤ ná comhla ré lis, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5 . ní bīat clīatha re rátha, ZCP xiii 9.23 . an ḟuinneog iomagallmha . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta, RSClára 93b .

(c) woven fence, palisade, outwork : doratad immorro M. . . . dalta do Choin C. . . . ar cléith ar dorus in dúne, LL 13404 . do-rigensat . . . cliatha do scia[i]ch ┐ do draigen i mbeol ind atha fri R. cona muintir, cona rochtadar dul darsin n-ath, IT ii2 230.74 . imthus re marcach eich leith / a n-Ath Gallta itir da chleith, Leb. Cert. 20.8 . nī tucc a acchaidh re clēith / budh ferr do c[h]ongbālaidh scēith, Ériu xvii 28 § 50 . do congbail clethi ┐ do cosnum cathlaithrech `to sustain the front', MR 148.9 . airm n-a gcléith ar comhlaibh tor `swords form a fence round his castles' portals', Magauran 1705 . Of the Cross: ar chléith dhoinnbhear dia hAoine / do coinnmheadh Dia dar ndín-ne, DDána 47.2 . Fig. Máol Mórdha . . . / Pilip Óg . . . / dhá chléith le dornchlaibh docra, O'R. Poems 2799 . gurab í an fhíor-aithrighe is comhla ┐ is cliath chosnaimh ag na daoinibh, TSh. 6894 . c.¤ fri opposition to: cliath ra heclais mairg dogní, LL 19300 . a cliath fri nem (to the sinful soul), PH 8175 . With various defining genitives: is lá Hú Tegtechān bith for in clē[i]th dāla ┐ an t-escra ana lāim a bar for dispensing drink(?), BColm. 52.29 (`hurdle of assembly'). cliath fhosgaidh ar āth, O'R. Poems 664 . Toirrdhelbhach . . . baí ina cleith ḟosccaidh . . . ag gach aén `a sheltering fence', AFM vi 2106.18 . dia tartamni .xxx. d'ar ṅdegdoinib immach i ṅgiallas bid tanaite ar c.¤ gabala sund. Doregthar forn issin cathraig defence, LL 283a4 . cladh coigcriche ┐ . . . cliath ghabhála fri hUltaibh, Hugh Roe² 216.14 . sgiath didin ┐ cliath ghaeithe Ghall re Gaeidheluibh `wind-hurdle' (i.e. protection, shelter), ALC ii 310.22 . in comla catha ┐ in cliath ugra, Cog. 188.7 . cf. 56.y . cúig tríatha . . . / cliatha gaisgidh na nGaoídhiol, O'R. Poems 2716 . cliath mhínighthe na ccóig ccrīoch, 661 . ard gach oentu . . . / cain cach cliath brathar protection of a kinsman(?), Cog. 122.18 .

In phr. i ccléith x on the side of x, in alliance with x: mairg . . . ro threicc a chorpfhine . . . ar dhul hi cleith ┐ hi ccomhaontaidh a éccrad, Hugh Roe² 264.18 . N. do thocht i ccléth cloinne Domhnaill, AFM iv 896.14 . a chaoraigheacht do breith lais i ccleith Gall to the side of the English, 890.5 . M., mairtír nar thrēith: / bīodh san chnoc im chlēith go fíor, Celtica iv 163 § 236 . `i gcléith le `to be united to, allied to, associated with' s.vv. adiungo, applico, affectus, affinitas, Risdeard Pluincéad', cited Celtica iv 192 .

(d) Extended applications: dorála D. do Ch. ar in cleith oc leith na Sinna ` bridge ', SG 397.6 . tucadh amus fair im cend cleithe Atha Luain . . . cor'thoit cliath an drochaid fút[h]aib, RC xviii 167.5 (Tig.). co nderna droichet ┐ clíatha dermhára díbh ┐ rathanna romora tarsin [cuan] cétna, CCath. 1391 . stretcher, litter, bed : cen chlíatha cen tulggu, Críth G. 101 . nónbar . . . ro-bái fón cleith fora raibe tarr na muici, Sc.M² 6R . dá ḟer déc for clíathaib airgdidib imon imdai, BDD² 1107 . búi an péist . . . ana lighe for cleth iarnaide, a lan do crithribh teindtidhi fon cleth hisin, Aisl. Tond. 108 § 3 (super cratem ferream). fo cholbaib ┐ fo immdadaib ┐ fo clīathaib in rīgthige, MacCongl. 11.17 (`screens'). cliatha caolaig doriginset Laigin . . . fo cosaib caorach . . . 'ca n-adnacal co Dún nÉtair, Dinds. 28 . láindíre do oí ina lias uasa a chleith codla, Ériu xiii 27.22 . clíatha fis (apparently always made of rowan branches) beds on which druids slept in order to acquire occult knowledge: luidhset na druidh fora cliathaib fis ┐ rothoghairmset demhna, Marco P. 32 . dochúatar na draoithe ara ccliathaibh cáerthainn ┐ tuccadh . . . nua corma doibh, V. SS. Hib. cliv n. 5 . codail ar do chliathaibh fis / cuardaigh aigéan gach oiris, Content. x 2 . is eadh do-nídís cruinnchliatha caorthainn do dhéanamh ┐ seicheadha na dtarbh n-iodhbarta do leathadh orra . . . ┐ dul mar sin i muinighin a ngeasa do thoghairm na ndeamhan do bhuain scéal díobh . . . gonadh de sin do lean an sean-fhocal . . . adeir go dtéid neach ar a chliathaibh fis an tan do-ní dícheall ar scéala d'fhagháil, Keat. ii 5448 ff. harrow : cliath fuirsidh[e] (gl. eripica [rastrum]), Ir. Gl. 240 . braca, cliath, foirseadh, Eg. Gl. 70 . go niomat cliath ┐ prácadh, AFM vi 2186.20 . le clíathaibh foirsighe íaruinn, 1 Chron. xx 3 . clíath scéith framework of shield : o clíat[h]aibh sgiath secht mac Meadbha, Ériu x 85 § 88 . cúic árnaile saorus fer nimthechta ar tigradhus na ninnile .i. cliath tasgair (? trascair) do iadadh friu (some sort of hurdle for keeping cattle enclosed), O'D. 887 ( H 3.17, 637 ). Of the oars of a boat: ro cuireadar amach cliatha . . . crannrighne cruadhrámhadh, CF² 39 . Of an animal, the loin, rib-cage : mas ar son carna ata é is cnaimh ar in cleith uile (of the amount of condiment allowed with different joints), O'Curry 183 ( H 3.18, 99 ). curro bris a cleith n-asnai, TBC-LL¹ 565 n. 4 . cliat[h]a bō, Ériu x 85 § 88 . do imreadar na lanna . . . gurba cliatha tolla . . . na taíbh, CF² 801 . Of a bird's wings: glésaiss . . . a ghulbain a ccliathaib a eite, Mart. Don. 176.17 . Of the strings of a musical instrument: cid cia ro chodail . . . re cliathaib . . . ciuil, MR 110.y . ar chléith tana do thimpáin, IGT Decl. ex. 882 . Of the web of cloth: corba dluithither re cleith lenad (leined, v.l.) arna landluthud in lini sleg, TTebe 2823 (`stop- hurdle'). conarbho dluithe cliatha leinedh ar n-a dluthadh, ITS v 64.11 . ? cliath .i. umat, [ut est] ar bi[d] mer fo cuachnaidm cliath ferba .i. amail bi[d] mér fo cuachnaidm duitt iumad briathar in filed `a multitude of words', O'Dav. 397 (but `? metaph. use of clíath in sense of phalanx', Plummer MS. notes).

Freq. of the close ranks of men (and weapons) in battle, especially in phr. i ccléith, i cclíathaib in close fighting(?): ni ró ḟég F. dar a ais riam . . . ic astar no ic imthecht ┐ chléith ┐ chath (? leg. i cléith no i cath) no chomlund, TBC-LL¹ 1905 . nach hi ccath no hi ccleith / do fáccbadh é, ar sccáth a scceith, Cog. 88.22 . buaid [cacha] catha ┐ cacha cliatha, 156.6 . i n-imairic áigh nó i cléith comluinn, CCath. 627 . M. ┐ C. do marbad a cleith do O., Ann. Inisf. 1108.5 (`in a skirmish'). gur lingsed in dā chlēith . . . a cenn araile the two (opposing) ranks, ML² 1189 . d'fisrugad clethi Conaill ┐ aird-grinne Eogain `the phalanx', MR 176.3 . ro coraigheadh ider na curadaib cliatha . . . ceinngera do shleaguibh `rows', Caithr. CC 72 . díon a threabh . . . a ccliathaibh `in fighting', Rel. Celt. ii 222.31 . deacair an chéim i gcliathaibh, PBocht 3.38 . baidhbh id chomhghaire i gcléith, Aithd. D. 5.17 . i gcléith chogaidh ní dú dol / 's gan tú go habaigh aosmhar, DDána 105.23 . ? amail corra crit[h]bel / ri clīat[h]uib cāich / fir Ērenn re clīat[h]ib-sum / ō sin co tī brāth, ZCP xiii 15.1 , 2 .

In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s.v. and s. Áth Clíath .

Compds. With nouns. ¤bern in phr. c. chét one who makes a gap of a hundred in the enemy's ranks : in cathmilid ┐ in chliathbern chét ┐ ord essorgni, LL 8219 ( TBC-LL¹ 775 ). an dubdhortadh díl[e]ann ┐ an chliathbearna céd . . . .i. Caiseal C. airdrígh Lochlann, CF² 1001 . Also ¤bernaid id.: na da curaid ┐ na da chliathbernaid chet, TBC-LL¹ 3245 . atat daimh dilann ┐ cliathbernadha cet . . . i Cnuc na Cenn, RC xliii 40.29 . Also of the gap itself: atconnairc na clíathbernadhae mora oslaicte . . . ┐ na muir 'arna muradh `the great battle-breaches open and the ramparts rased', CCath. 3724 . ¤bernadach id.: tuarascbail . . . a cathmiled ┐ a cliathbernadach cét, TBC-LL¹ 5147 . os chliathblai Charmaind battle-field(?), BB 37b26 . cathmilid ┐ cliathcomla cathu shield (fig. of a warrior), TTr.² 1582 . cliathdhroichet do dhénamh oc Ath Luain wattle bridge, AFM ii 1132.18 . fa chliathfhroighibh do chraobh mbreac, DDána 68.38 . tiar tre chliathghaoith cláir na bhFionn ` battle-wind ', O'Hara 3081 . mairg tarla i gcliathghoil 'na cheann `ardour of a skirmish' (Gloss.), Ir. Syll. Poetry 64 § 14 . fa chliathmhadh Céin, O'Hara 2620 .

With adj. mac Piaruis chaoimh chliatharnaidh `fierce in battle' (Gloss.), Butler Poems 1351 . Éire chliathbhras, Hackett xliv 3 .

1 clúain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clúain or dil.ie/9619
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: clóin, Clono, Chlúana, chluana, Clúana, cluana, Cluaine, Chlúain, Chluain, Clúain, clúanuidh, cluainti, Cluanaib, cluaintibh

n i, m. Later f., IGT Decl. § 201 . Arch. clóin. g s. Clono Móir, Thes. ii 364.z (Ardm.). Chlúana móir, Fél. Prol. 184 . in chluana , LL 374b18 . Clúana álne, Fél. Apr. 4 . na cluana , TBC-LL¹ p. 195 n.4 . Cluaine, Bard. Synt. Tr. 54.4 . d s. ó Chlúain Dolcain dálach, Fél. Aug. 6 . ó Chluain Mór (: brón), LL 38780 . hi Clúain aird, Fél. May 26 . Later with dental endings d s. clúanuidh, IGT Decl. ex. 2166 . n pl. cluainti, Laws v 324.17 Comm. d p. oc Cluanaib Andobur, AU² 845.12 . cluaintibh, Measgra D. 54.33 .

meadow, pasture-land, glade : c.¤ ro gabad oc Ailill sund / dá echaib, Ériu xiv 156 § 3 ( LL 3286 ). badat ail cach c.¤ , LU 9863 . dochonnac in cluain cremaig / fó damraid, SG 105.5 . is ed is coimdedh caille and, a cluainti ┐ a guirtine `glades', Laws v 324.17 Comm. gabhait acc réidhiuccadh na coilledh ┐ doronsat cluain mór ann i medhon na coilledh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 15 § 8 . cluain gabála gl. herbagium, Ir. Gl. 723 . cluain a clune .i. o chuchu, O'Mulc. 256 . boi . . . c.¤ féoir ag Dobarchoin . . . Tíaccait . . . doimh Brénainn isin cclúanaidh , BNnÉ 81 § 162 . ferghort cluana, Lism. L. 2846 . baindi . . . [tic] on ainmidhi bethaigter a cluain mhaith de animali iuvene, fruente bona pascua, Rosa Angl. 114.18 . clúana sgor `the meadows of the steeds', Studies 1921, 419 § 12 . ní cluain ghabhála grás Dé `no appropriated field', Aithd. D. 71.1 . 'n-a chluain choigealta, ibid. Fig. cnuasach glan déas ndíoghloma / . . . / as cluanuidh ughdar n-ordhuirc, Studies 1919, 438 § 3 .

Very freq. in nn. loc.: hi Cloin Lagen, Trip. ii 335.7 . do Cháerthiund Clúana Da Dam, LU 8509 ( FB 36 ). Cluain Carpat comainm in chetinaid . . . , TBC-LL¹ 1565 .

C.¤ alone usu. means Clonmacnoise: Abb Clúana, Fél. Oct. 6 . Macc nissi cáid Clúana, June 13 . i cathir Chlúana, Prolegomena 180 . ticim ō Chlūain chēlbind . . . indis scēla Clūana, IT iii 93 § 142 . See also Hog. Onom. Exceptionally: Ite Cluana `of Cluain (Credail)', Trip. ii 514.29 .

As n. pr. m. ocláech dár' ainm C.¤ , Lism. L. 4221 .

cuitred

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuitred or dil.ie/13745
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o (cuitir). Legal term in meanings close to those of cuit: cuitrid .i. cutruma [ut est] acht cuitriud ro suidhighedh i febaib la Féne .i. acht inní ro samaighed nó ro hordaiged do cutrumugad daib i feb tochusa doreir in fenechais `equivalent (?)', O'Dav. 410 . In various legal phrases: c.¤ corach `vertragsmässiger Anteil', Ir. Recht 22.1 . otha suidiu con-fodlaiter eturru huile aireir i n-ogaltram; ar iss ed c.¤ corach in sen i n-altramaib, § 20 . is ogdire direnar cele cetgiallna . . ., is lethdire direnar cele forgiallna, trian dire ic c.¤ corach `ein Drittel der `díre' (gilt) beim vertragsmässigen Anteil (beim Genossen dritten Lehnvertrags)', § 26 . rath i cuitrid coraib .i. fer giallas do sochaidhi. Fer dia ngialla oro bi mar do coruib is cuitrid coraib do suidiu ar is tir ilcuitib bith a cor, O'Curry 874 ( H 3.18, 392b ). flaith cuitrid `Teil-herr', Thurn. ZCP xiv 337 , xv 247 , third in order of three lords allowed to a client (i.e. after the flaith cétgíallnai and the f. forgíallnai): flaith . . . cuitrigh (entitled only to certain specified returns), 246 § 5 . rath i cuitriud .i. rath da beir flaith cuidridh srathnaighes a rath for curu, O'D. 1007 ( H 2.15A, 15b ). meath mbid treas cuir, .i. in ti chuirius in treas cor ceilsine for in cele, .i. flaith cuitrigh `the chief who got the third securities', Laws ii 278.4 Comm. da bai ┐ samuisg do flaith cuitrigh, 10 Comm. .u. seoit meth bid cuidri .i. fer tresa giallae, O'Curry 877 ( H 3.18, 393ba ). lan logh einech o flaith cetgiallna, ┐ trian logh enech o flaith forgiallna, ┐ nomadh logh einech o flaith cuitridh ar airitin ratha. Lan rath o flaith cetgiallna, ┐ da trian ratha o flaith forgiallna, ┐ leath rath o flaith cuitridh, Laws ii 226.15 Comm. ochtmadh cumaile do flaith cuitridh, O'D. 524 ( H 3.17, c. 425 ). ailid cuidrid curu, Laws v 460.15 .i. airiltnigid no dligid flaith cuitrid curu do, 21 Comm. ailith cuitret .i. forgiallnae isside a les lethcorus cedgiallnai itir gabala ┐ riaru. Ailiter cuitre fer dia cosna a flaith ┐ a fine ┐ a eclais a comarbus .i. ranntait a tri ┐ focerdat crand fair iaromh, conid de ata cuitri coruch. Sed uerius cuidri .i. tres giallae .i. cuidri tres flaith, O'Curry 865 ( H 3.18, 390a ). Cf. noco nuil forgiallna, na cuitrid a saerraethaib `there is no chief of second claim, or chief of third claim in `saer-' stock tenancy', Laws iii 334.18 Comm. = ii 226.23 Comm. See ferchuitred, ferchuitredach.

díl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díl or dil.ie/16367
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: díol, d.

[u, m.]. vn. of 1 do-lá. díol m., IGT Decl. § 95 .

I Legal act of discharging, taking the place of (?): mana-hatmaiter fri ní itir is a dá comgrád do dil de ┐ neach diambidh logh enech in cunnra, da dil don feichemuin; no cethri comgrádh da dil dibh a ndis (i.e. if a surety is not acknowledged he must be discharged or replaced by two persons of his own standing and one person whose `lóg enech' is equal to the contract; or alternatively these two must be replaced by four of their standing), Bürgschaft 44 . na fiadhain dligthecha . . . acht mana bet a da comgrad do díol díbh, O'D. 671 ( H 3.17 491b ). sena iar naititin . . . is a da comgrad do dil de nar aititniged dó two persons of his own standing are required to discharge him from the amount for which he was acknowledged as surety (?), O'Curry 316 - 17 ( H 3.18 174b ). gialla gabhala dia dil dia mbe tuarasndal bansgal (i.e. as female testimony is not sufficient in itself a `giall gabála ' is required in addition), Cáin Ad. § 53 (see Bürgschaft 44 n. 3 ). Hence: do liud fiadnaise . . . .i. do dil a fiadnaise, Laws i 138.22 Comm. Cf. díol .i. diultadh (B. na f.), ZCP v 485 . In phr. díl ┐ séna: feich cin dil cin tsena fully acknowledged (substantiated) debts (?), Laws v 310.13 . muna be for diul ┐ sena, i 276.29 . iii 326.12 . ? Cf. is and fogéba do mnaí | cen d.¤ séna fo ṡóergnaí, Metr. Dinds. iii 354.78 .

II General senses.

(a) requital, recompense, retribution; atonement, reparation: in tan ata dil in cinaigh isin rob fein `when the beast itself is value sufficient to pay for the damage', Laws iv 88.12 Comm. nochan fuil dil in cinaid aga do setaib, i 110.18 Comm. ca dil raghus ar in duine ina chinta? a marbhadh ina cinta comraite, O'D. 550 ( H 3.17 col. 437 ). cen d.¤ (.i. cen biathad) daimi rissi, RC xx 158 § 8(ACC) .i. cen dil oegidechta in scelaige, ib. dom-bér i nd.¤ do mac ind ríg romarbus `I will give myself in forfeit', xiii 462 § 67 . a ndíol a ndearrna mise d'ulc . . . marbh-sa me, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.x . carnn in chotaig sin la cách | cen nach ṅd.¤ cocaid co bráth | eter chlainn laind Labain lóir | ┐ clanna I. retaliation (?), SR 3042 . go bráth bud é mo díol de | techt tar sgél in chloideimse requital , SG 252.27 . a banscál, bid maith do d.¤ | fogeba nem cen anfīr, YBL 314b16 . triasin apstal doberair in d.¤-sa foirn, PH 2161 . cenmothat a oeigid ┐ cech oen dia mbói dil uad amach to whom he was under an obligation (?), LB 130b47 . seacht bpeacaidh dhleaghmuid do dhíol `we must atone for', Dán Dé xxxi 33 . leanum Crist co carthanach, | denum dil dar ndroch-ceirdibh, Lib. Flav. i 33ra9 . ní díol liom a los m' ḟola | ingreim fer mo chognoma I deem it not a fitting recompense, O'Gr. Cat. 463.7 . i ndíol mo sgeóil, TD 25.23 . ní ṡirfid fós díol 'na ndearna | síol bhF. ar an bhfaghuilsin, 16.31 . go dtiobhradh díol ar gach dán `a reward ', 8.22 . na fuighbittís díol fiach ina ffaltanas badh ferr a better satisfaction of their grudges, AFM vi 2080.8 . dream ar nach díol a ndearmad a fitting requital, Content. xxix 22 . saidhbhreas . . . an tsaoghail do dháil dó i ndíol Rachel .i. ghlóire nimhe, TSh. 9964 . ós é an bás is díol ┐ is tuilleamh i n-íoc an pheacaidh, 1539 . rainn díola dom dhán do Dhia verses offered in requital (?), A. Ó Dálaigh v 1 . i ndíol a ndearna mise do dhochar do Ch., Keat. ii 3201 . i ndíol a ṡáruighthe, iii 1403 . do bheir Día rath beg saoghalta . . . dona drochdhaoinibh a ndiol na maithesa bige do righneadair, Luc. Fid. 37.13 . ionnas go ttugadh [Críost] diol cert do Dhia san aindligheadh tugadar ar sinnser . . . dho, Luc. Fid. 44.6 .

(b) satisfaction, sufficiency; act of satisfying (a debt), paying; act of entertaining (poets, mendicants, etc.): cách aca nd.¤ riam a mbrugh | idir hécis is ollumh, Anecd. i 29 § 32 (v.l.). oc dīl occorso do chēli Dē, Ériu i 46.2 . mos-luadat . . . do d.¤ a n-itad co Boinn, Dinds. 16 . gan d.¤ a ṡainti, MR 250.18 . ag diol a bhfiach `paying their dues', KMMisc. 50 . coire . . . | 'na mbeith diol seacht gcéad d'fulacht, Duan. F. i 62 § 20 . smuaintighid nach bidh a ndiol aimsiri acu, 3 C 19, 70vb21 . nach roib agamsa don duine d.¤ fíach re tabairt tar cenn a anma, 3 B 22, 33b15 . legar fiuchadh doibh . . . no gomad diol bherbhthi in ptisan `sufficiently boiled', 3 C 19, 139a30 . do bhéaruinn duid do dhíol saidhbhris, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 12 . ag caithem a ndila dona toirtibh, BCC § 355d . tareis na mboct do dil `after the poor had been satisfied', § 78 . cidh sámh leis an sódh . . . is doiligh leis bheith agá dhíol paying for it, TSh. 3606 . ní raibhi acht begán fiach orra féin ré ná ndíol, Mac Aingil 447.10 . teach do dhenom . . . do N. . . . do díol dámh Éreann `for the entertainment of the learned men', AFM iv 706.y . an breithemhnas aithridhe . . . do ghabháil chuige go toltanach ┐ a rún do beith aige a dhíol an tan fhedfas to fulfil, Ó Héodhusa 212.2 . a d.¤ coimhéta, ZCP vi 296.17 .

(c) treatment, handling: ge fūarais ūaind | onōir dalta . . . rab olc | ar ndīl ort arnat oilemain, ACL iii 235 § 30 . ag fechain an díla do-bera se ar an féin gach lai, CF 429 . gár bheag croidhe an Ríogh do roinn | 's gach díol oile [dar] fhuloing, Dán Dé xx 26 . an díol do-bheirid na crumha ar an gcolainn, TSh. 3884 . as bocht mo dhiol agad, Luc. Fid. 288.1 . Note also: a cor ar d.¤ maith `put to a good use' (of riches), PH 7751 .

(d) equal; complement; fitting object, warrant, guarantee; what is fitting or worthy (folld. by gen. or DO, rarely I N-): connach fail . . . dó dúal na do d.¤ ri gail na ra gaisced there is none to equal thee, TBC-LL¹ 3792 . ní mó ná díol mo ghaisgidh-se im' aonar atá ionntaibh they are not more than my single-handed valour can cope with, CRR 72.6 . gan a dhiol d'fhilidh induind a poet worthy of him, ZCP ii 351.z . co dtuc leis iat (sc. logs of timber) fóna ndíol taobán `with their complement of rafters', SG 292.25 . caogaid laoch . . . cona ndíol do mhnáib, 268.10 . ben díola degduine `fit for a gentleman', 142.4 (attrib. gs.). díol fuatha flaithes Eirenn `a mark for hatred', 469.13 . dil cach fedna 'na fearaib `his men worthy of any host', Hy Fiach. 212.1 . diol a bainne do soithidhibh vessels enough for her milk, BNnÉ 10 n. 16 . fil bur ndiol do ab sunn `a fitting abbot', 7 § 21 . tri ced bó . . . cona ndioll capall `with a proportionate number of horses', ALC ii 366.3 . a chuirp . . . | tú fa ríor nochar mhúin meise | dúinn gion gur díol treise thú though thou wert no guarantee of strength to me (?) Dán Dé xix 9 . na mná dhíobh ba díol tola | ní hiad anosa is annsa, Dánta Gr. 6 § 3 . díol san cheathrarsoin `the match of those four', TD 32.6 . ní díol síothchána síol gConaill no warrant for pacification, 16.4 . gé tharla a díol uirre d'uaislibh (sc. uille an ríogh) `its due of nobles', 11.26 . lór le fear má fuair do bhriathar, | beag 'na dheaghaidh do dhíol port `what place thou choose (?)', 29.18 (whatever you may say?). as sinn ios mó dho dhíol trúaighe dona huile dháoinibh, 1 Corinth. xv 19 . is maith an díol smachtuighthe é a proper subject for correction, TSh. 3478 . fá Dhia do dhéanamh a dhíola féin dá chréatúir `what pleases Him' (Gloss.), 8595 . ní feas do neoch an díol grádha nó fuatha é féin, 1155 (nemo scit an odio an amore dignus sit). a dhíol d'oidhre `an heir worthy of him', AFM v 1568.y . ni diol fochmhuide Dia, Luc. Fid. 278 . geall díola do chléir a warrant for rewarding poets, Ó Bruad. ii 128.21 . ris aní se . . . do chríochnughadh mar is díol as is fitting, TSh. 32 (for dual?).

(e) lot, fate: luadfet ed rígi cach ríg—is d.¤ firi na fer fíal the true fate, LL 32a48 . truag in garg-dīl rognīd and | for ingin ardríg hErend (of a princess burnt to death), LL 192b28 . on lo ro tilgedh ar in muir iad ni fes a ndil o thoin alle, KMMisc. 318.27 . Murchertach . . . | re ceithri mbliadhan fichet; | a cleitech cāidh, a dīl de (sic leg.) | ro bāidh fín, ro loisc tene, MacCarthy 410.y . do chuadar a ndrochdilaibh, 410.2 . olc d.¤ i torchair mac Duind, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.9 . ferr do d.¤ innáit sin uile .i. missi do tharrachtain duit, Acall. 4597 . nír ḟeadadar a dhiol na a dhiach, Hy Fiach. 38.16 . gan chodladh . . . | gan chobhair . . . | as doraidh mo dhíol, BS § 19 . dil in Aeda sin . . . indesat duib, Fen. 72.3 . ? biaidh tú it aoinmhnaoi agamsa. —Ní hagam féin atá mo dhíol, ar ise, acht agam oide, Keat. ii 4727 .

(f) end, destruction: d.¤ a uerbo deleo ┐ deleo mortifico , O'Mulc. 345 . díol .i. críoch, O'Cl. dia mbera breith fír for sein | ni bia d.¤ for th'airmitein, SR 3320 = erchra, LB 116a2 . bithaittreb péne . . . cen nach ṅd.¤ etir (of Hell), LL 281a19 (= crich, LU 1405 ). truag in garg-dil rogníd and | for ingin ard-rig hErend 'woe for the violent fate that was then contrived for the High King of Erin's daughter' Metr. Dinds. iv 328.39 , Peritia xvi 228 .

See díla.

2 écndairc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 écndairc or dil.ie/19628

 

Forms: écnairc, écnarca

n i, f. g s. écnairc, Anecd. i 43.7 . Ériu i 219.4 . Laws v 212 Comm. , etc. écnarca, RC xiii 84.18 . LL 286a14 . Evidently same word as preceding. An intercessory prayer, prayer for the absent or for the dead, requiem: ecnairc .i. impidhi, O'Dav. 776 . Thr. Ir. Gl. 226 x . a Íssu notguidiu | ar écnairc na slógsa, Fél., Prol. 266 . éccnairc .i. guidhe Dé, O'Cl. is écnairc do marbaib a requiem for the dead Fél., Ep. 192 . is écnairc i mbethu | fri homun cech báeguil, 201 . gabail n-ecnairce beo ┐ marb, LB 11b37 . 11b25 . gaibem a ecnairc, or B., ór itbath, Fél. Feb. 1 Comm. , LL 283b19 . rogabad a écnairc ┐ ro hadnacht, LL 283a38 . adnaicthir lia cheili ┐ gebid a écnairc, 278a47 . AFM vi 2296 . ní fil ní do-gné dune dar cend indtí adbail nad cobair dó, etir figill ┐ abstanit ┐ gabail n-ecnairci, Mon. Tall. § 18 . BNnÉ 92.9 . ZCP iii 29.22 . Acall. 3046 . nodleice for gabail a hecnarca .i. secht mbiate cech lai leis. cēt slechtain. na tri choicait LL 286a14 = KMMisc. 210.15 . in ni udbras nech ar anmuin .i. ar gabail n-ecnairce; ┐ a dilsi o uair gabala na hecnairce amach, Laws Comm. v 212.10 ; 316.29 ; 428.16 ; 500.5 . AFM vi 2222.20 . cech manach nā timairg for a eclais saindiles baithius ┐ comnai ┐ gabail ecnoirce inti, Ériu i 219.7 . rochuaid dochum nimi ┐ atát na clerig ac gabáil a écnarca sum, LL 303b42 (= RC xiii 84 ). secht n-affrinn écnairce áin requiem masses ACL iii 216.1 .

fáebar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáebar or dil.ie/20997

 

Forms: fáebra, fáobhar

n o, m. (but n p. fáebra, LU 9617 ). fáobhar, IGT, Decl. § 17 .

I

(a) a sharp edge (of a sword or blade, also of a shield; seldom of pointed weapons): faobhar sgeo rinn, Ériu xiii 21.10 . mesir arm iarna ḟaobhruibh, 41.30 . hi fáebur in bélae the axe-edge LU 9027 (gloss) ( FB 77 ). ise in biail innraic ... tri meoir lethed a foebuir ..., O'Curry 884 (< H 3.18, 395b ). cromsciath co foebar condualach fair, TBC-I¹ 1158 = faebur chonduala, LU 5637 . cosmuiles in cloidim ar a mbitt in da faebur like a two-edged sword Laws v 222.25 Comm. dobert D. beim do faebur a gae tar mocoll ind lín, LU 1929 . la fáebru na ngaí, 8202 ( FB 15 ). meilid faebra, TBC-I¹ 3446 = melat fáebair, TBC-LL¹ 5831 . d'faebraip na tuagh ┐ na claidem, CCath. 5876 . faobar na sgene no na tuaighe, O'Dav. 1009 . mar ḟáobhar sgían mbearrtha IGT, Decl, 2043 . cuirfe sé fáobhair [sic] air a chloidheamh whet his sword Psalms vii 12 . gér amhuil cloidheamh dhá fáobhar, Proverbs v 4 . Of a bone: gérithir altan ... faebur a lurgan MR 20.3 .

(b) a sharp-bladed weapon: faibur .i. claideb (gl. machera) Ml. 75b11 . bla faebur `the exemption as to an edged weapon' Laws iii 236.23 . amal tregdas anmain duine foebur tria corp, ZCP iii 26.27 . dosoi foebar fri Fergail, RC xxiv 54.12 . grith faebair, Rawl. 124az = Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17.4 . i mbiat fáebra fri fáebra, LU 9617 ( ZCP iii 208 ). níngabat renna no airm no faebair itir, TBC-LL¹ 1263 . ni ba heccal dó faobhra nád gallra, BNnÉ 293.1 . (faobhair v.l.). rop scíath fri fóebra fégi, Hy v 97 . cen armu, cen fáebru, MU² 644 ( LL 266b44 ). cen inad rend ┐ arm ┐ fáebur do dénam de, MU² 331 ( LL 264b5 ). faibraib derggaib with red sword-blades Rawl. 115a45 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40.12 . iarna fóebraib fennad `after flaying them with sword-edges' Fél. Prol. 48 .

(c) a sharp-edged tool: saer istig ┐ faebhur, BB 25b33 = Leb. Gab.(i) i 46 . faebar la soer, Leb. Gab.(i) i 30 .

II Fig. keenness, sharpness; hence apex: faobhar ann ara fhertoiph `there is the acme of his mighty works' BNnÉ 284.32 . gan freagra faobhair without keen retort. Ó Bruad. iii 4 . an chruinne ar a fáobhar fúm, IGT, Decl. ex. 15 . Metaph: ? cis duar dían drongaighther i bfaobhraibh foimhdin, Ériu xiii 26.2 = i foebuir foimdib, O'Dav. 883 . in Laws, Comm.: orba for set n-imfaebair .i. ferann do-berar for conair .i. ime ada faebur, foebra la fine a cuingid cucu, foebrach léisi a aisec uaithi, Laws iv 46.25 . cuich in imaebur adeir ann? .i. ... faebur laisin fine im aisic don ingin ... ┐ faebur laisin ingin a aisic aris don fine (an explanation of im(f)aebair `double-edged, equivocal,' see Thurneysen, Ir. Recht 81 , 82 ), Laws iv 48.9 . fri (re) f.¤ coincidently with, at the time of: ni dernad do ulcc hi Connachtaib re faebar gabala rigi dosom achtmad oenslat ar sligid na Cruaiche, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 3 (= ALC i 268 ; corresp. to: re hucht gabhala, AFM iii 214.6 ).

III As npr. m.: Nemnuaill maic Faebair (a progenitor of Míl) Fianaig. 30.3 . o Chonand mac Febair, LL 6a45 . o Conaing mac Ḟaebhair, BB 27a9 . Conaing mac Faobhair, Keat. i 178 .

Compds. With adj. ¤derg: Cethern mac fial foebuirderg Fintain, TBC-I¹ 2760 = faebarderg red-bladed Ériu i 116.15 . Echaid faeburderg, LL 127b34 . Eochaidh Faeburderg, MacCarthy 296.2 . ¤gér sharp-edged: coibleng ... fuilech foebargher, Aen. 2371 . ¤glan clean- or bright-edged; epithet of javelins: i suaineamnaiph a fogad faebharglan, CCath. 5552 . ¤glas: gai fota faebarglas blue-bladed TBC-I¹ 2047 . As sobriquet, Eochaid Faeburglas, Rawl. 147a16 . LL 127b32 . ¤glicc skilful in wielding weapons: flaith na fian faebairglic, Acall. 664 . ¤nocht: bare-bladed (with unsheathed sword): a ḟlaith na fian faebharnochd, Acall. 1441 . ¤the: hot-edged, keen-edged: colg faobhairthe, TD 19.8 . sluagh f. ` keen-bladed host ' 3.21 . With subst.: ¤béim stroke with the edge of a weapon (?) TBC-LL¹ 1890 . ¤chless ` edge-feat ' name of a warlike feat: fáeborchles, LU 9291 . Ériu iv 30.9 . the edge of a weapon (?). TBC-LL¹ 1890 . ¤chless `edge-feat,' name of a warlike feat fáeborchles, LU 9291 . Ériu iv 30.9 . faeborcless, LU 5969 = TBC-I¹ 1501 . imma chromscíath ... cona bil áithgéir co tescfad finna i n-aigid srotha ... inbaid fogníth ... fáeborchless di is cumma imthescad dá scíath ┐ dá sleg ┐ dá chlaideb, LU 6433 = TBC-I¹ 1919 . dogni ... faeborchles don claidiub imma chend, BDD 148 . uii. bfaobhairchleasa, ZCP x 287.2 . ic faebarchless chlaideb uastu LL 266a10 ( MU² 541 ). Fig. in faebarchles feichemnais sin `this feat of accusation' MR 298.8 . Hence adj.: fálairbi ferrda ... faebar-clesach Frangc ` sword-dexterous ' MR 214.17 . ¤gal keen valour: rī ... co faebargail, Rawl. 85a5 . ¤gleó combat with sword or weapons TBC-LL¹ 3213 . ¤glond exploit or deed of arms: fri fúam febda faebarglonn, SR 6790 . ¤nél an edged, i.e. lightning-shedding cloud: re feirg bfaoboirnél bfuiglech `of the armed ( jagged ?) vociferous clouds' O'Gr. Cat. 451.11 .

fér

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fér or dil.ie/21667
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: faer, fér, fér, feuir, feúir, ḟeóir, féiuir, féor, feór, feóir, féra, fér, fergoirt, ḟéarghloin

n o, n. n s. faer, Ml. 135d8 . a s. fér, 90b8 . a fér , LU 4733 . g s. ind feuir , Ml. 9b8 . ind feúir , LU 4735 . ind ḟeóir , 9142 . féiuir, Sg. 68b10 . d s. féor, LL 266a31 . d s. feór, g s. feóir, IGT. Decl. § 61 ex. 1471 . n p. féra, IT i 190.27 ( FA 30 LB). Cf. in raeóir (v.l. raifheoir), Metr. Dinds. iii 36.35 ( v 131 ). Grass (gen. of living grass, but occas. of hay and also of other graminaceous plants): gl. foenum Ml. 135d8 ; carex Sg. 68b10 . luigfér glasfeoir ┐ arbar small grass (?) LU 8124 ( FB 9 ). ní thíscad a drucht do rind ind ḟeóir, LU 9142 ( FB 88 ). nicon berat a drucht dind ḟéor LL 266a31 ( MU² 566 ). geltatar dá ech S. a fér cona bun a talam, LU 4733 . gelair scor ... i ngurt ḟeóir, Metr. Dinds. iii 96.15 . tuctha dá ech D. ... for f.¤ were turned out to grass Lat. Lives 15 . āin bō a fer driving cows to grass Laws v 136.6 . bia fo ḟer isin relicc marb, LB 204a30 (= bia fóen, Ériu ii 204.13 ). tuc óenach Tailten a feór, Metr. Dinds. iv 160 . amhail fhéar thirim hay (= sicut foenum) TSh. 3798 . ag buain an fheóir, 2644 . na guirt gemhair ... ro ḟaccaibh an cioth gan ioth gan ḟeor iad `without corn or blade' AFM v 1678y . tugadh an talamh féur, Gen. i 11 . a n-inbhear ḟéir minligh, Psalms xxiii 2 . Used to denote an indef. number: bit comlín fri f.¤ , Ml. 90b8 . bit lir ... fér for faichthi as plentiful as grass on a green BDD 89 . co f.¤ to the ground: gunaidhi ... sida co f.¤ umpa silken gowns reaching to the ground ZCP vi 71.32 ; 62.31 (cf. mod.: ó bhathas go féar from head to foot Eoghan Ruadh 501 ). Pl. (in distrib. sense) athnugud ... na fér ┐ na lubi, LU 2735 . conna facabtais cid mecnu na fér ná lossa hi talam, 10560 . féra gera rindaithe, FA 30 LB ( IT i 190 ). for feraibh nemhidibh in tire, CCath. 3944 (= in herbas Luc. Phars. vi 506 ). Grass-lands, pastures: eigem do chur indile a feraib, Laws iii 250.19 . do feruib na comaightech, iv 146.9 Comm .

Compds.

(a) with subst.: féarachadh meadow TD 17.49 . fér-aithgin (sic leg.) compensation ( restitution ) for grass Laws v 466.7 . ¤brug a grassy piece of land: f. gabala , Acall. 4179 (cf. ¤gort). ¤díguin (sic leg. ? Cf. féis dighuin feoir [leg. —feoir ?] ethamuin geimreta, Laws iv 80.7 ). ` preserved grass ' Laws v 466.4 . ¤dílse proprietorship of grass iv 128.7 . ¤gelt, ¤gleith grazing: feirgleith, Laws iv 256z . léic na eochu ar férgeilt, TBC-LL¹ 1134 . tucait a n-eich ... d'ḟergeltaib pastures 72 . dith a fergelta destruction of their pasture Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 42.14 . fēirgleith (sic leg.), Laws iv 256.30 Comm. ¤gort a grass field: rochuir ... na eocho hi fergort, LU 8514 ( FB 36 ). g s. ind fergoirt , LU 8526 ( FB 38 ). ocht fichit bó do chur i férghurt gabhála, Acall. 2309 . na crecha do léccean for a fér-gortaibh, AFM iv 1220x . ¤lann grassy tract (?): os ferlannaib portglana ... in prephir ... talmanta, MR 112.10 (= airlann ?). ¤lepaid: dál féirleabtha d'inghin couching on the grass IGT, Decl. ex. 1113 . ¤mag a grassy plain: i férmaig Taillten, Ériu iv 106.2 .

(b) with adj., esp. in poetry, e.g.: ¤ardd long-grassed: os cloich ḟéraird stone amidst long grass (?): Anecd. i 55 . ar bhrú an tighe ḟéaraird `amidst rich sward' TD 8.11 . ¤bán: féarbhán ` fair-swarded ' TD 17.57 . ¤chorr: Banba an fhuind fhérchuirr `of smooth grass' Hy Fiach. 176 . ¤dlúth densely grassed: fonncheltra ... ferdluithi in talman ` close-grassy ' MR 240.7 . ¤domain long-grassed: fa chlár bhféardhomhain na bhFionn, TD 32.20 . ¤glan of bright, glistening grass: g s. an mhoighe ḟéarghloin , TD 4.4 . ¤glas green-grassed: ar in faithche férglais, Acall. 6363 . ¤mín smooth-swarded: um Thealaigh bhféirmhín na bhF., TD 14.24 . ¤thlachtmar having a grassy covering: formna fertlachtmara ...cach bruighe grass-clad MR 100.20 . ¤úaine green-swarded: Inis Fáil f. verdant ZCP viii 108.29 . go faithche ḟ., Ériu v 174.204 .

fergnia

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fergnia or dil.ie/21722

 

Forms: fergnia

n m. f.¤ .i. fortissima femina , gl. virago (analysed as vir + ago ?) Sg. 52a10 . In Mid. Ir. a man-at-arms , apparently one who had passed certain tests and was engaged either in attendance on a king or employed in cases of litigation where the services of a professional champion were needed. ferngnia [fergnia v.l.] .i. mugh, ut est deorad, doermanach ┐ ferngnia .i. doeraicenta no mogh no in t-aire ēchta, O'Dav. 873 = ( feirghnia, Ériu xiii 29.17 , in a list of unsuable persons). triar dia anfine .i. a feargnia ┐ [leg. .i., Thurn., Bürgschaft p. 58 ] a fear leasach, a aircinnech ... ┐ a ceile, Laws v 366.8 Comm. ; the Text is defective, but the passage seems to relate to the recovery of a woman's `coibche' or dowry, in which three of her relatives and three outside her family took part. Cf. caide f.¤ ? .i. fer aga mbi fer gnima (leg. fergnima ?) techta amal do-rime a mBerradh Airechta: dosboingsi a coibche do mnai iar feimed do chach. Ocus ised is f.¤ and .i. ro samaighed .vii. comlaind otha comland deisi goraighi comland morṡeisir. Geibidh fer tara gaisged o gach comland dib go mbid na .vii. fir gabala-sin lais. Is de asber ferghnia, O'Curry 1029 (< H 3.18, 433a ). See Bürgschaft 58 n. 4 . fergnio tri forggaib [leg. forgab ? or fri f.¤ ?] a `fergnia' `of three captures' (personal attendant on King of Tara) Laws iv 336.6 (= Críth G. 554 ). fergnío fri forngairi ndoris, Laws iv 338.15 (= Críth G. 591 ). F.¤, ... f.¤ Temrach la Cormac ua Cuind, Ériu xi 44.18 . ni rechtgi fergniadh .i. ni usadh [omission ?] fris in fir ferdha frisneir muir i n-uair ainftine, O'Curry 470 (< H 3.18, 247 ).

fíalus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíalus or dil.ie/21938

 

Forms: fíalas, —ais, —asa

n u, o, m. (cf. 3 fíal) fíalas (g s. n p. —ais, —asa) IGT, Decl. § 38 .

(a) consanguinity, kinship, relationship: ba focus a fialus a ndís the two were near relatives PH 862 . is fagus t'ḟuil ┐ t'f.¤ dam, CF 144 . is e so cardius Crist ┐ na n-apstal do neoch isa fialus boi fris dib of such of them as were related to him LB 151by . iar n-imcein fialusa in distant relationship Laws iii 488.6 Comm. muna rabhut in treas glun d'fh.¤ diblinaibh the third degree of kinship (i.e. second cousins) Marco P. 180 . d'ḟachraibe a ḟialusa, MR 238.13 . tre chomhmbáidh fialasa sympathy of kinship Keat. i p. 50.20 . daoine ... da ḟine fein ┐ da ḟialus, AFM vi 2148.7 . In concrete sense a relative (?): a cho[m]slointhe .i. fialusa, Laws ii 380.22 . Affinity (fig. ): is inann `analogia' ┐ fialas éigintech ... chum gabála na foirme `a necessary affinity for the assumption of form' O'Gr. Cat. 254.20 . cosmailes ┐ fialas na foirime ... ┐ brighi disle in leighis `similarity and analogy of the form of the medicine to and with the proper virtue of the same' 234.13 . copulatio literarum ... .i. ... comthinol na litir cona fialus, Auraic. 1747 .

(b) kindred, family: fualas no fialas .i. muinntear go lionn a fualais .i. a fialais .i. a muinntire, O'Cl. (ref. to co lín a fualais, Dinds. 26 ; 82 ). gur fhógair Dia do Abraham ... teach a athar ┐ a fhialas do thréigean, TSh. 8424 .

fópairt, fóbairt, fúabairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fópairt, fóbairt, fúabairt or dil.ie/23269

 

Forms: fóbairt, -airte, -arta, fuaparta, fuaparta

(older -art) f. (vn. of *fo-opair see fúabair). fóbairt (g s. -airte, -arta) IGT, Decl. § 42 . ib., IGT Vbs. § 46 . The freq. omission of accent and the occasional len. of -b- may indicate confusion with FOBAIRT (fobhairt), q.v.

(a) attacking, assailing; an assault (usually swift and sudden), absol. or with obj. gen.: fóbairt is ainm d'innsoighidh, Metr. Gl., Ff. 54 (v.l. to `fóbhairt') atregat ... ┐ doberat fobairt trén ... co rrucsat an n-imdorus inna cind LU 1606 ( IT ii2 214 ). na slóig cen [ḟ]opairt frisin ré sin LU 6362 ( TBC-I¹ 1847 ). ro ba fada laissiumh baoi Ó N. ... gan fobairt, AFM vi 1932.7 . tanic do ḟuapairt Con Culaind, TBC-LL¹ 1942 . tanic do ḟopairt C., 1981 . is i comairli doroine ... fobairt in caisil, CCath. 3513 . fuabairt Atha Luain la Concobar ... ┐ ni ro léced tairis iat, RC xviii 57 (Tig.). gan cath gan fuabhairt [sic], AFM ii 968.11 . g s. trelam fuaparta TBC-LL¹ 1090 (t. gaisgidh St). gae ... re faga feig fobarta 5313 (= fobartach, TBC-I¹ 3249 ). nac[h] filet side lin for fobarta in number sufficient to attack you CCath. 5509 . pl. ra bertsatar teora fuaparta dona sluagaib, TBC-LL¹ 4533 . Folld. by descriptive gen.: dosbert fobairt bidbad ... foraib, LU 6498 . 6509 . tobert fobart mbidbad forro, 7895 ( BDD 148 ). dobhert fuabairt biodhbhadh ... forra, AFM vi 1930.17 . C. do mharbhadh hi fuabairt aidhche a night attack AFM ii 630.12 . tuc fobairt chatha doib, RC xviii 268.15 . Of animals: adchondairc in noidin ... ┐ na hethaidi ica fuabairt, RC xxiv 192.1 .

(b) attempting, essaying, setting about (an undertaking): fobairt cuirp Muiri do loscad, LB 151a17 . dol d'fuabairt an chlesa, RC xxix 112 § 5 . ba dícra le D. fobairt oirlich Fergusa to attempt to kill F. Celt. Rev. iv 118.32 . fobairt felli do indisin do M. do denam do N. fair ┐ fobairt an tire do facbail do N. iar sin M. was told that N. had attempted to betray him and N. made to leave the country Ann. Conn. 1291 § 7 . ag fobairt chomhmarptha a cheile, Fl. Earls 124 . ná tí dhím dénamh an uilc. ná tí am inntind a ḟóbairt may it not enter my mind to attempt it IGT, Decl. ex. 1193 . dá dtíosadh as aonglór uilc níorbh í m'inntinn a ḟ.¤ , Content. xviii 129 .

(c) hence with ellipse of vn. and gen. of place, attempting to pass (over or under, to cross, traverse, etc.): ? admidair Fergus fobairt Locha Rudraighe `to enter ' Ériu xvi 38 (< H 3.18, 364b ). Laws i 72.14 (corresp. to: dochuatar isin loch da fothrugud, SG 250.10 . Cf. fobairt) do eiridh laech ... d'uabairt Ghlaisi Cruinn, ZCP viii 543.7 (corresp. to: do thaet ... dia fromad na Glassi, TBC-LL¹ 1570 ; gabais liic ... fri ais do thecht darsin n-usce, LU 5365 ). do dheachatar M. andeas ... do fobairt na coillteadh `to scour the woods' AFM ii 1078.4 . Cf. luathfoibirt cacha srotha (.i. slán aentarraingin lín) `the quick drawing (of a net) from each stream' Laws v 482.24 (484.10) quoted O'Dav. 759 with gl.: fobairt .i. tarraing nó tadhall ... luath-fobairt i. is slán entarraing nó entadall in lind cid lín gabala ...

forgabál, forngabál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forgabál, forngabál or dil.ie/23649

 

Forms: forngabail, forngabáil, forgabhala, Forgabail, Forngabhail

n ā, f.

I

(a) in physical sense grip, clutch: .uii. meóir ... co ngabáil ingni sebaic co forgabáil ingne griúin ar cach n-aí LU 6552 (= forgobail, TBC-I¹ 2036 ). TBC-LL¹ 2725 . Holding fast, keeping back: lie forgabail aru fual constriction RC xii 90 . Of a dam: do sgaoil ar in sruth ┐ ro ḟosgail an ḟorgabail , TBC-LL¹ 3888 St. co hionadh na forgabala, 3878 St (preparations for launching the Gae Bolga).

(b) in Laws forcible or illegal seizure, esp. of exacting a due already paid: ina gabail etechta no ina forgabail (.i. firgabail uimpi dar gellaib ┐ dar airgib), Laws i 90.29 ; cf. i ngabail aith gabala ettechta no inna forngabail , Ir. Recht p. 9 (`Zurückbehalten'). athgabail tar cert a forrngabail, Laws v 256 . is i a forngabail cach athgabala ... cin dia ruicter a breith ... do imluad aitherrach ib. forngabail, O'Dav. 958 . cin gaiti ... ó biudbuidh ina forngabail do fechemuin ina breth tar crich ` recapturing ' Laws i 222.14 Comm. cf. ii 76.22ff. Comm . For ma forngabhaid, ma forngabadh, Laws i 220 the MS ( H 3.17, c. 83 ) has ina forngab- which prob. should be read forngabáil as in Laws i 222.9 , 14 , where MS has same suspension. ar dofuslaicthi fīr cach forrgabail .i. fuaslaicter a firgabail on tī bīs oc gabail ime co inndligthech , H 3.18, 233a17 .

(c) in wider sense seizing by force, capturing: ferann creiche ... ┐ forgabhala, Cog. 40.24 ; 70.7 . la forgabhala Briain `in addition to the capture of B.' AU iii 342 [but the form is either gen. or pl.; leg lá f.¤ ?]. As allegor. npr. m.: Forgabail (one of `sē maccu Mīenich') RC xxiv 280 § 20 = Forngabhail, Anecd. ii 63 (hence, prob.: fornghabhail .i. cruas, O'Cl.).

II Of a method of spear-throwing: fosceirdside issa tír súas in slig, ┐ a mmíl inna tháeb. léciud ón co forgabail, [i.e.] cenéle n-imberta gaiscid, co lluid tarsin tlacht ... ┐ tresin léine baí im A., LL 250b8 ( TBFr. § 18 ).

Cf. 1 forgab.

Load More Results