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ad-gnin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gnin or dil.ie/463
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -athgniniu, adgniatt, -aithgnintar, -aithnentar, atgnied, -aithgnead, conatcomgeontais, -athgneorsae, -aithgné, -aithgnet, atgnead, adgneth, asaithgned, atagensa, -aithgéna, atatgentar-su, -athgnitae, adgén-sa, -athgén, -aithchéin, -aithgein, ad-geúin, ad-id-geúin, -aithgeuin, -aithgiuin, atgeóin, aithgeóin, adgenammar, adrogenmair, -orgenamar, -aithgenamar, -athgénmár, atgenatar, -athgéntar, atgensat, aichensat, aithgensat, aithgeonadh, aithne, ætgnithi

v (* ath-gni-n-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. -athgniniu, Liad. and Cuir. 16.4 . 3 pl. adgniatt, O'Dav. 156 . Pass. sg. -aithgnintar, Sg. 29b10 . -aithnentar, Triads 188 v.l. . Indic. impf. 3 s. atgnied, ZCP vii 300.11 . -aithgnead, LU 5921 (TBC). Cf. 3 pl. conatcomgeontais `so that they knew not', CCath. 4777 , cf. 4800 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. -athgneorsae, BDC 126.354 . 3 s. -aithgné , LU 5870 (TBC). 3 pl. -aithgnet, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atgnead, LU 10323 . adgneth, O'Curry 2165 ( Eg. 88, fo. 4(5)d) . With inf. pron. in rel. clause asaithgned, LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ).

Fut. 1 s. atagensa, Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2). 3 s. -aithgéna Liad. and Cuir. 22.4 . Pass. sg. atatgentar-su, Ml. 121d22 . Condit. 2 s. -athgnitae, IT i 144.21 .

Pret. and perf. (in early lang. frequ. with meaning of present) 1 s. adgén-sa, Wb. 12c13 . -athgén, LL 274b32 . 2 s. -aithchéin, TBFr. 206 . -aithgein, RC iii 345.25 . 3 s. ad-geúin: ad-id-geúin, Wb. 12c13 . -aithgeuin, Ml. 52 . -aithgiuin, Ériu ix 48 § 26 . atgeóin, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.11 . ro aithgeóin , Ériu iv 94 § 11 . 1 pl. adgenammar, Wb. 14d28 . adrogenmair, O'Curry 1887 (23 P 3, fo. 22a). Cf. also -orgenamar, CRR 17 , 33 ? -aithgenamar, RC xiii 222.33 . -athgénmár, LU 10800 . 3 pl. atgenatar, Ériu ii 102 § 10 . LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ). -athgéntar, RC xxv 348 § 3 . With s-pret.: atgensat, AFM vi 2214.11 . ro aichensat , CCath. 5558 . ro aithgensat , 5560 . ? Pass. sg. aithgeonadh, SG 121.33 .

Later as simple vb., see 2 aithnid.

Vn. aithne. Part. (pl.) ætgnithi (corrected from angnithi), Wb. 1b14 . See also as-gnin.

See con-gnin.

(a) knows, recognises: air nicon bia-som manibé aní hua n-aithgnintar ┐ hua n-ainmnigther, Sg. 29b10 . atatgentarsu gl. cognosceris, Ml. 121d22 . ni naithgeuin ┐ leicsi huad `he did not recognise him', 52 . ni rabi la Ultu fer asaithgned amal ro salchad, conid i n-a labrad atgenatar there was not . . . anyone who recognised him . . . so that it was by his speech that they recognised him, LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ). ecmaic atgeoin-sium for erlabrai ind fir co mbo druth he knew by the man's speech, LU 5874 (TBC). atgéoin ba doib forruised in praind, 1715 . aithgin a athair and ornasc imma meor, his father recognised . . . the gold ring, RC xii 72 § 44 . Pret. frequ. used with pres. meaning: adgenammar a séis `we know his meaning', Wb. 14d28 . a mbelra-sa no labraimsi . . . atgenatarside they know it, Ériu ii 102 § 10 . ? nis fuighli nad ergeouin, Laws i 296.20 . atatgen, is tú rommalt I know thee, it is thou who fostered me, SR 2887 . atgénammár asa samail in fer sin we recognise, LU 8605 ( FB 46 ). aithgén ar a mbernaib beit mairt ili, LU 6623 (TBC rhet.). atgeon-sa isat filid, MR 68.3 .

(b) perceives, is aware of: ataat tri laa . . . o atam-ni ic imbirt na fidchille acht nat aic[h]enmar lasin mbansoillsi, TBFr. p. 18.10 . atgniat na Gaill gur bhó celg rohinnledh, Hugh Roe 84.17 (fo. 22b) . atngneadh i n-aghad hin duine in galur no-m-bid fair atgnied . . . al-lín no-mbid conn galur ann (of a physician), RC iii 344.11 . roaithgeóin (conaithgéoin, v.l.) smacht féig fíadnach he experienced keen well-known discipline(?), Ériu iv 94 § 11 . Of knowing sexually: nír forfáemusa mnaí atgnead fer, LU 10323 .

aidemm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidemm or dil.ie/870

 

Forms: aidimm, idim, uidim, udaim, ughaim, audaim

n ā, f. Also aidimm i, m. See GOI p. 163 . Found in a great variety of forms: idim, uidim, udaim, ughaim, audaim etc.

The general sense is instrument, implement, tool used in a variety of applications, see Plummer, Ériu x 118 . aidmi oipretho pectho ref. to membris nostris, Wb. 3c14 . arnaib aidmib gl. pro instrumentís uindictæ, Ml. 54b4 . ind adim (in adim, MS.) gl. instrumentum est diuinae iustitiae, 49b7 (see GOI loc. cit.); ?read i n-adim as an instrument, Plummer MS. notes. Of musical instruments: alaaile aidme ceuldae, Ml. 51c5 . aláaili aidme in chiuil, 89a9 . it hæ didiu ind aidmi asmbeirsom .i. organa , 8 . inna aidmi (a pl.) gl. instrumenta musica, 75c3 . caraid som inna aidmi in chiuil amal carthar inducbál, 4 . anmand aidmi ciuil, Auraic. 1482 . Of writing-implements: Tadhcc . . . do sgrib an beccan sin . . . le drochaidhme, L. Chl. S. 74.5 . Of shaving-implements: aidhme in berrtha, Lism. L. 2630 . Of agricultural implements etc.: aidme claidi in talman, Trip.² 921 . cona aidhmibh iarnaidhe . . . an talam do tochailt dona haidmibh, BNnÉ 323 § 34 . cen chlaidbe adma fige `without rods or implements of weaving', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.30 . aidhme legha, H 3.18, 71c11 . Of travel-requisites: aidmi na conaire, TTr.² 590 . na huile aidhme ro báidhid innte ó chen, AFM iii 42.9 . aidmi gl. armamenta nauis ( Acts xxvii 19 ), Thes. i 498.27 (Ardm.) ra iarraidit as cech aird a h-adbara ┐ a áidimmi (of building a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 122 ). Of sports-requisites: a aidhme ainesa, TBC St. 908 . aidme (aidhbena, v.l.) ainesa, TBC-LL¹ 2247 . Of weapons: fo aicni na haidhme dar feradh in fuiliuga[dh] according to the nature of the weapon with which the wound was inflicted, O'D. 874 ( H 3.17, c. 627 ). mas tre ésce ferfaithir na cneda, cibe aidim trisa ferthair, 2323 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 34a ). cach udhim aidmillti, CCath. 4139 . dorónsat gaill aidhme iongnaithe damhainsi ealadhan ┐ inntlechta, AFM iii 280.w . focerdsi iolar ndaoine go hEirinn cona n-aidhmibh techta leo 'with the necessary arms', vi 2000.6 , cf. ataat a aidmi téchte lasin n-aidchi (leg. aithech? Notes), BDD² 1355 . aidhme toghla an chaisteoil do dhénamh leó, AFM vi 1980.6 . Of furniture, vessels, etc.: aidmib h-in airc . . . co h-ulib, LB 123a47 . do denamh na hairce gos na haidhmibh ros foghain di, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.20 . fa hiad aidhme a adhbhadh, DDána 83.13 . Esp. of ecclesiastical utensils: huanaib aidmib noibaib robatar hi tempul, Ml. 74a13 . aidme altoire, Laws i 232.4 = itmi a.¤ , O'Curry 809 ( H 3.18, p. 374a ). in altóir cona haidmib téchtaib, Ériu i 219 § 6 . ruc brait móir a cathraig ṅDé / ┐ romill a aidme, ZCP iii 19.19 . mess cet n-unga do aidmib aiffrinn Ceallaig, AU ii 98.5 . crosa ┐ polaire ┐ tiagha leabur ┐ aidhme eclusdai arcena, Lism. L. 968 . aidme coiserca .i. airc . . . in coimded ┐ na table cloche . . ., YBL 169a18 . ? a cethair soisgéla ana láim féin ┐ sceota na n-aidhbheagh ar muin cléirigh re chois, Imr. Brain 64.10 = sceota na n-aidhbéadh, 31 . Of plough-traces, harness: no ticcedh damh allaidh . . . gusan seisrigh no gusan ughaim ┐ do theigedh 'san ughaim uadha féin, ZCP x 4.12 . do chuir a nughaim na ccámhull íad in the camel's furniture, Gen. xxxi 34 . a srien ┐ a n-audhaim `of their bridles and harness', Fl. Earls 252.27 . Of the membrum virile: mas i a uidim ro benad asin duine, Laws iii 354.15 Comm.

Technical name for the ring or hoop with which the hurdles of an enclosure or pound were fastened together (see Plummer loc. cit.): udim .i. nomen dond rōi (roid, v.l.) triasa tēit in crand bīs forsin clēith ocon udmad, nō occa dūnad, Corm. Y 1269 `u. is the name of the great ring through which passes the stake on the hurdle, fastening it with an u. or closing it', Plummer. udhma .i. uaim arin fidh .i. . . . in idh bec bis a[c] comat in cumainn, O'Dav. 1615 . ar cul a comla . . . .i. ni fuaslaicther de dogrés .i. aidhme fonaisctear and, O'D. 1182 (H. 2.15 p. 45 (69)b) `behind the door . . . i.e. it is never released thence, that is, `aidhme' are fastened on it', Plummer (see udmad). Similarly in phrase a.¤ corthi: udhaim corthi .i. idh uaim .i. uaim in fedha, O'D. 1208 (H. 2.15, 83a). audoim .i. roi[d] gait, ut dicitur audaim corthe, O'Curry 124 ( H 3.18, p. 75 ). aí daim choirthe (audaim coirthi, audhoim corthi, audim corad v.l.), IT iii 36 § 18 ; 37.2 , 6 , 8 .

In general sense of means, cause: aidim duinibaidh, RC xxxvii 347 § 42 . Cf. aidme.

aimríarach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimríarach or dil.ie/1144

 

adj o, ā (aimríar). disobedient, rebellious: batar . . . gaill co amriarach do B., Cog. 108.22 . ós é atá aimhriarach riot, ML 146.3 . daimdheóin a aiccnidh aimhriaraigh, AFM vi 2232.20 .

2 aithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithne or dil.ie/2754
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aithgne, aichinte, aithennta

O. Ir. aithgne. io, n. Later f., and g s. also aichinte, PH 2910 . aithennta, ZCP vi 276.32 (infl. by 3 aithnid). Vn. of ad-gnin, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 . IGT Verbs § 54 .

(a) act of knowing, recognising, perceiving; knowledge, recognition, perception: do aithgniu ┐ etarcnu dǽ treu, Ml. 42b13 . ar is hé as eola fri aidgne ind athar (gl. missit Deus Spiritum Filii sui in corda uestra), Wb. 19d9 . do thudidin do menman do aidgniu gl. quoniam benignitas Dei ad penitentiam te adducit, 1c15 . aithgne et adrad, 1b13 . cin sula, di aithniu no foircsiu (leg. -in?) mignima, Laws i 238.14 . as ionad anma d'a.¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . ┐ iat ic aichne a n-inaid catha do congbail for they knew that their place of battle was being kept, CCath. 6143 . cen aithgne a litri có sin without knowing his letters, Trip.² 97 . a.¤ reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama, IGT Introd. 2.19 . robo dibreite aichne . . . in Baibiloin da togail it was inconceivable that B. should be destroyed, BB 6b53 . lucht aichinte Isu those who knew Jesus, PH 2910 . gin gur ghabhuis a.¤ uaim-si as reil dait though you weren't told by me, RC xliii 42 § 39 . do thaobh eólais is aithni, O'R. Poems 1202 . triur as lia iul is a.¤ (of the Trinity). DDána 25.6 . a.¤ thoile Dé, Parrth. Anma 3306 . aos aitheanta ar gceirdi-ni, Content. xxii 17 note . dom a.¤ to my knowledge, Aithd. D. 16.38 . Content. xviii 67 .

Less commonly with follg. AR: beas is mísí is olc aichní ar Isac perhaps it is I who do not know I. properly, BB 236b21 , do reir ar n-aithni-ne ar Conn as far as we know C., ML² 1426 . Cf. a.¤ ar chur ┐ ar chosg réime knowing about, IGT Introd. 2.6 . dlighidh a.¤ iomurbhádha . . . ┐ ar bhráithribh . . . dísbeaguidh, 2.30 .

Used like 3 aithnid: nī ha.¤ dhamh dhīobh díogha I know no refuse among them, O'R. Poems 3161 . a.¤ dhamh go bhfaghair . . . I know that you find . . ., Luc. Fid. 301.7 .

Transfd. of persons: an tú m'a.¤ `are you my acquaintance?' Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 1 . ní mé bhur n-a.¤ `he whom you know', Studies 1922, 245 § 1 = Dánta Gr. 47.1 . bhur na.¤ ┐ bhur neamha.¤ those of you who are known etc., CRR² 13 . cabair . . . a carat na a lan-a.¤ , `intimate acquaintances', MR 238.16 . Cf. mo dhaoine aitheanta acquaintances , TSh. 4252 (3 aithnid?).

Transfd. meaning that by which something may be recognized; characteristic: caide ém aichne rinnairde? Fél. 4.26 . is si a.¤ na tunataide, Laws iii 98.2 Comm. cair caide airceand? .i. comaircim caiti a.¤ na aircinde itir, iv 138.y Comm.

(b) In more active sense of coming to recognise or getting to know: cloc focain cethra .i. . . . fo braigit dia n-a.¤ , Laws i 142.15 Comm. secht ndoirsi fora thichthe / ind laich nar hannsa d'aichne, Rawl. 87a11 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . ní ermadair . . . aichne adnacail a maicc she was unable to recognise, Trip.² 1441 . báttar iaramh ag a.¤ ┐ ag adhnacal a ccaomh ┐ a ccarat, AFM v 1646.27 . doním tar muir d'a.¤ uaim / a ghruaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 242.23 . ar eagla h'aithennta for fear of being recognized, ZCP vi 276.32 . ar n-a.¤ Donnchaidh dhóibh, IGT Decl. ex. 670 . With vb. and AR, FOR: saig aithgne forru try to recognise them, IT i 144.24 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair conar bé Ailill the girl recognized that he was not A., IT i 126.9 ( TE § 12 Eg.). sáilim a.¤ ar an guth nglan / gan cruth a aighte d'ḟégadh I think I recognize (him) by his clear voice, Prolegomena 44 § 16 . míorbhuile máthar Íosa / iomdha fear fhuair a n-a.¤ got to know them, DDána 10.39 .

In phr. beirid (somet. do-beir) aithniu (d s.) with follg. accus. or clause recognizes, realizes, gets to know: ni beram achni (= achniu) aní sin we know nothing of that, LU 10100 ( Imr. Brain 64 ). aralégda (leg. araléga edd.) inda libra ar a mbelaib combo moude ronduca athgnu `let him read the books before them, so that he may gain the more knowledge of them(?)', Mon. Tall. 160.z (§ 79) . tresaní nad rucis aithgnu since thou didst not recognize him, Ériu ii 222.15 . na ber aichne, ar bid fír recognize it, for it will be true, Alex. 835 (with inf. pron. 3 s. n., no bera, v.l.). tuc an ingin a.¤ gurbh'e righ Erenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6 . tucsad Gaill aichne cur' fír sin `perceived', RC xviii 299.4 (Tig.) du-s-rad a.¤ gur `he knew that', Fl. Earls 52.18 . Note also: aenoclach . . . m'a.¤ doberudh go becht, Prolegomena 44 § 15 .

Do-beir a.¤ for recognizes (of persons and things only): dobéra imorro cach duine thall aich[ne] for araile iar n-esergi, LU 2661 . sí sin aichni do-biur-sa forru that is what I recognize them for, TBC-LL¹ 1247 . as é sin do ber a.¤ ar galar in duine, 5508 . ní tucsatt . . . na manaig aichne for Colmán, BColm. 80.25 . ní thuc . . . a ech a.¤ ar a hechlais, IGT Decl. ex. 555 . léicid aithne co reveals one's identity to: ro léacceas m'aithne chuicce, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 71.17. do leig a aithne chuca, Smaointe B. Chr. 5219 (seipsum eis revelat).

(c) recognition (in sense of recognition of a poet by his patron), generosity: an dáonnacht 's an deagha.¤ , O'R. Poems 71 . fear a.¤ na healadhna / urradh is fhearr le a cheathra, 1075 . nár dhamh . . . / gan mh'a.¤ dod ghruaidh ghairthe (of a poet), Aithd. D. 46.1 . benacht chugaibh . . . ar son na ha.¤ do-rin[n] sibh ar an dan so, Mackinnon Cat. 117.14 . tug séala athanta ar shleachtaibh . . . `recognition's seal', Ó Bruad. i 204 xvii .

(d) With subj. gen.: ba maith . . . enech ┐ aichne na mná generosity(?), LB 129a29 . Cf. as é . . . bud ferr i[n] aichni 'na einech (.i. bud fer ri aichni .i. ingne inntlechta) `whose wit was clearest in his countenance', RC xxiv 46 § 3 . fear h' a.¤ si a man with your knowledge, Oss. v 26.7 .

arathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arathar or dil.ie/3967

 

n o, [n. ?] (4 ar)

(a) plough: a.¤ .i. ab aratró .i. ōn trebad, Corm. Y 46 . dam timchill arathair plough-ox? 209 . cecht arathair, O'Mulc. 205 . leis dorata na Gaill fon a.¤ , AU i 528.16 . fortacht co ndeithbire t(h)imceall arathair (in a list of actions for which there is no penalty), Laws v 486.22 . bla dam . . . a.¤ , iii 266.14 .i. cid fon a.¤ beit uair feidm nach a.¤ adubramar romaind, 19 Comm. cach duine dada (diatá) dam isin a.¤ at the plough, 270.5 Comm. re arathair ploughing time, O'Curry 423 (H 3.18, 231b). geim daim arathair tria aibni / tairgne tarathair atidli, IT iii 77 § 45 . cét n-a.¤ ag frithalum a tigi, Aen. 1726 . atconnarc iiii arathru anairdheas, Three Hom. 68.26 . cécht na n-a.¤ , TTr.² 1488 . a n-iarrnaigi . . . arathair, TTebe 1277 . na cethri harathair, Three Hom. 70.6 . gan a.¤, gan trealamh, MR 102.9 . ? As quasi-vn. ploughing: a.¤ in domnaigh, ACL iii 241 § 8 .

(b) ploughing equipment, wainage: cethramthu arathair lais—dam, soc, brot, cennos(e), Críth G. 95 . bí[i]t dí baí .x. leis, leth n-arathair, 158 . erna arathair, Laws v 390.23 .i. soc ┐ coltor ┐ brod, 392.10 Comm. tir da .uii. cumal aigi do thir, a.¤ co n-a fedhain techta . . . aigi a plough with its proper appliances (? team of oxen, see fedan), 32.6 Comm. a.¤ cona fedain techt[a] .i. .iiii. doim, ar is forra d'ḟacaib Patraic bendachtain, O'Curry 325 (H 3.18, 179a) = O'D. 1953 ( Add. 4783, 7d ).

(c) tillage, ploughland(?): for fairchi in arathair thís, Fél. 72.22 . ag dul d'fius a arathair, TFrag. 16.20 . dun .i. terra, a.¤ fri don, gortt for don, O'Mulc. 320 .

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais, TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais, Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais, PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch. With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig, RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

1 caí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caí or dil.ie/7657

 

Forms: caí, caei, coe

f. Vn. of ciïd. Indecl. ? g s. not attested, see GOI 454 . caí (on ghul) f., IGT Decl. § 99 . caei, Verbs § 33 . act of weeping; wailing, lamentation : cāi .i. cāined i.e. cindod graece, lamentatio laitine , Corm. Y 232 . coe graece .i. m[a]eror , O'Mulc. 237 . lamentum .i. c.¤ , Ir. Gl. 770 . cumha, caoi, triabhuin etc., Eg. Gl. 134 . ag coe ┐ ag dograe, Anecd. i 12.6 ( SCano 371 ). fecais ind cendaig for qúi `began to weep', Mon. Tall. 150.31 (§ 61) . mo thasi for coí being lamented, LU 9975 (or to be refd. to cáe ?). conid apthatar . . . la coí ┐ torsi, TBFr. 107 . co ṅgul co goe, SR 2078 . do rurmis dam brón fo chái, IT i 80.2 (LMU). not-cuireb fo cúi, Dinds. 21 ( RC xv 319 ). ní chumsantaís di chui, LU 1769 . foichlig caoí, Ériu xiii 25.11 . a ffaicsin is fáth caeidhe, IT ii2 148.4 . in cae ro canad in chlaim `the leper's lamentation', RC xxiv 48 § 6 . domebaid a chai ar A. `burst into weeping', TTebe 1248 . oc cói ┐ oc deprecóit ar na hainimib bít a niffernd, PH 6388 . na síona dá gcaoi, DDána 110.49 . éigean a mían dá gach mnaí / srían na cáoi do léigeadh lé, IGT Decl. ex. 1787 . ag caoi na ndeor `shedding tears', O'Rah. 14.3 . In figura etymologica: rochísit cáoi serb, BColm. 96.6 . cíis cóe foeilti, 16.13 . gul Gaillsighe ar gcall Gaill / ag sin an caoi nach gcaoinfinn, Dánfhocail 271 . do-gní c.¤ weeps : do-gní coí ┐ tuirsi, MU² 174 . doróni cói ┐ lamchomart fora lighe, TTr.² 1715 . bígidh ag cáoi maráon ris an muinntir dho ní cáoi, Romans xii 15 . oc c.¤ FRI: feccaid in ben . . . ic coí fri Mael F. complaining to, Fing. R. 47 . tainic C. corabi ic coí fri Patraic making an outcry against, Trip.² 1155 ( robói hic aithisiugud P., Lat. Lives 27 § 22 ). oc coí ri demun rosdáer, Metr. Dinds. iv 20.31 .

Compds.: bean . . . / ar chígh chúain dá chaoifhéchuin weeping and watching, IGT Introd. 23.4 . atbail náidhenán de náire / cáigherán oc Sláine sein, SG 36.z . ? ro gab a chuideran (caidherana, v.l.) noeidean, TTebe 92 . mēruidh a coisscēlu cīan / cēn mērus soiscēla slān (of Mary Magdalen), ZCP x 47.2 .

1 caire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caire or dil.ie/7903

 

Forms: cair, coire, coire, coir

n , f. Later also with n a d s. cair. Cf. coire, IGT Verbs § 83 . As vn. fath iar mbeirt bheith ag coire / mun gcath ar ceann Máonmhuighe, ex. 829 . Cf. 2 corach. Treated as two separate words in IGT: coire f., IGT Decl. § 3 . coir f., § 14 . Later also with dental inflexion.

(a) crime, fault, sin : in cairi gl. notam iniquitatis puplicae, Ml. 28c6 . cinid fil chairi linn gl. nos alienos á culpa, 30a2 . ind ainsemo .i. inna c.¤ gl. accussationis, 34a18 . nin-arraim ar chairi do `as a reproach', 49c9 . ho chairi gl. nota (pudoris), 55b9 . an chair cuires nech a nadhaig duine, dligidh pian na c.¤ sin d'íc, O'D. 765 ( H 3.17, 549 ). fo chrithdelm ch.¤ , SR 1767 . ar son choire mo chēile, ZCP xii 382.1 . frisin cair ┐ frisin míclu `blame', CCath. 5068 . nemh-ghortaighthi o chairthibh na colla, BNnÉ 68.39 . atá ar gcuirrthedh a-bhfiadhnuisi Dé, RC xxiii 20.19 (g p. ] with omission after atá?). d'innlāgad / colla co līn a coire (: Muire), ACL iii 311 § 3 . fonn na coire `depth of guilt', BNnÉ 263.19 . combuaidredh peine ┐ c.¤ reatus poenae et culpae , Smaointe B. Chr. 4077 . go ffuiccheadh maithemhnas . . . in gach coir da nderna gó sin (of political offence), AFM vi 2110.10 . derbhthar na cairthe, RSClára 132b .

Med.: a n-aimsir na tri caired so amail ata frighus ┐ rigor ┐ oiripilasio, RC xlix 50 § 1 (? leg. cáiled qualities, Ed.).

With qual. adj. or gen.: gur choir bháis ar dhuine caidreabh . . . ré tréatúir capital offence, TSh. 3495 . Cf. ar c.¤ criadbāis against mortal sin(?), ACL iii 219 § 1 . mur doshǽrais . . . Subhsanna on cair breige false accusation, ZCP vi 97.20 . ó choir bhréige, Timth. 1916, 39 § 33 . c.¤ chennda see cen(n)da. c.¤ cholnaide. see colnaide. coir mhenman `an offence of heart voluntary', Eg. Gl. 132 . coirthe na sinnsear, TSh. 5339 . As descriptive gen.: fer coire criminal, BNnÉ 4.1 v.l. bás na coire ┐ bás na péine, TSh. 985 . ofráil choire sin-offering , Levit. v 6 .

(b) In quasi-adj. phrases. cen chair(ib) blameless, innocent, flawless : a Chríst cen ch.¤ namchar `sinless', Metr. Dinds. iii 374.105 . gairm cen ch.¤ , RC xxxvi 262 § 13 . cen ch.¤ ceilge, LL 20808 . beith cen cair cen dualce, Grail 3235 . co cairi faulty, blameworthy : ní dal co c.¤ , Anecd. i 72 § 195 . maistrecha gu coiri, ACL iii 240 § 2 . fo chairib id.: ni sinn dotrat fo chairib who caused thee to be in disgrace (Eve to Lucifer), SR 1737 . C. fo chairib don chin `under blame for the crime' (of killing), Metr. Dinds. iv 94.17 .

In chevilles: cadla in c.¤ , ZCP xii 245 § 6 . rád gan ch.¤ , Aided M. 908 . mó cach c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 32.73 . fiche bliadan a cóic cen chair, LL 15604 ( Trip. 538.24 ).

(c) Use in follg. not clear: nī bu cair Banchath Brígach, Thes. ii 327.17 ( Hy. v 5 ) `not dear (to her) was(?) vehement women's war'. im c.¤ feibe, Laws v 438.22 .i. im c.¤ na flatha, 440.4 Comm. (`what his dignity deserves'). c.¤ cail, O'D. 512 ( H 3.17, 416 ). forcain nó forgab itir dá cair .i. biadh frithir itir domnach [i]nede ┐ cétain, O'Dav. 983 (? leg. cairche, Stokes). domun duthuin a lainde / comul c.¤ cét cuire `perishable gathering', Metr. Dinds. i 28.2 . for fotla for c.¤ (fínd gaill, v.l.) for huill, IT iii 17 § 44 . dlighidh imreson edorgaire c.¤ , Ériu xiii 22.8 . c.¤ re tomeas gin ciol .i. brethem, ZCP v 485 § 4 (B. na f.). coire .i. cōi ūire .i. ūr cach n-om .i. gach n-indlighed, Corm. Y 399 .

2 calad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 calad or dil.ie/8030
Last Revised: 2013

 

c.¤ .i. crúaidh, O'Dav. 431 , Metr. Gl. D 13 , O'Curry 963 (H 3.18 p. 415), Lec. Gl. 110 , O'Cl. caladh .i. gand, Stowe Gl. 257 .

adj I o, ā

(a) Of persons hard, stingy : nídat calaid (of saints), Fél. Jan. 17 . nīrbu ch.¤ cessachtach `not hard, penurious', Thes. ii 328.2 ( Hy. v 8 ) glossed nir bu gand. cailte dígbála grudging of expenditure (of women), Tec. Corm. 16.12 . ana la fer c.¤ (one of three wealths in barren places), Triads 147 . C. ch.¤ ¤ the strong, Metr. Dinds. iii 350.41 .

(b) Other applications: i croich calaid, Fél. Aug. 17 . iar cath ch.¤ , Fél. Apr. 2 . paiss Panchrati c.¤ , Fél. Dec. 1 . ba c.¤ a chlaideb, LL 30731 . fóa cruib calath (of horse), LU 8662 ( FB 49 ). in chéis ch.¤ `sturdy sow', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.19 . la Conaind co curp ch.¤ , LL 732 . in temen, in chiar chálad (: alad) (of wind), SR 62 . mor cet ceol c.¤ cen cleith precise(?) music, 1027 . a chursoin na ndūar gcaladh (.i. a sáoi na focal crūaidh), ZCP v 488 § 6 (B. na f.).

Adv. ra gæt Mend féin c.¤ (co mór, St.), TBC-LL¹ 4535 ( TBC-I¹ 2904 ). eirig a bean, fég c.¤ (: marad) `go woman, look close', Ériu v 38.17 . In chevilles: réim c.¤ , Fél. Prol. 107 . seol c.¤ `hard course', 43 .

II As subst. o: dar cend calaid cech céte `despite the hardship of every path', Metr. Dinds. iii 72.79 . issin ch.¤ irrabe strait(?), TBC-LL¹ 4457 (`Bucht'). ni beirend a caladh `he does not bear its severity', Laws ii 256.23 Comm. innecht a mathair cen ch.¤ (quasi-adj. phrase), LL 16973 . Gramm. fe a airchill calaid `theft of a hard' (i.e. consonant; of noun fer), Auraic. 1804 . be a airichil calaid (of noun ben), 1850 . Prov. coibsech cach c.¤ , ACL iii 229.116 . See 1 calad.

Compds. With nouns: garbscíath . . . co m-bil chaladargit, TBC-LL¹ 4602 . ¤bolg, name of special sword (We. Caledfwlch. See O'Rahilly, EIHM 68 - 71 ): mochen c. claideb Leite, TBC-LL¹ 5960 ( caladcolc, TBC-I¹ 3563 ). tuc F. a da láim ar in c., 6004 . In general sense: ratūaslaicit . . . assa n-intigib caladbuilc chrúadgera death-dealing swords, LL 32518 ( TTr. 1716 ). trí glanscéith . . . co caladbúaltib finnuma, MU² 609 `hard boss', Gloss. dubscíath co calathbúali findruni fair, LU 6297 (TBC). C. caladchnes (cadat cnes, v.l.) calma, Metr. Dinds. iii 88 6 . ¤cholc, see -caladbolg, -gleo. In name of episode of Táin: Caladgleo Cethirn, TBC-LL¹ 4457 . tar caladhlaighnibh, IT iii 91.y (Laigin). do chlar caladhmhide, 22 (Mide). ceoil in caladhmhuighe, ib. dolu[i]d do cuirr Calathnit `Strong Nest' (n. loc.), Otia ii 82 § 6 . cath i Calitros, RC xvii 205.3 (Tig.). damdabach na caladsciath, TTr.² 892 .

With adjj. (incl. adjj. formed from nouns): sciath caladbuailtech, Acall. 5893 v.l. nibu cala[d-]ceimneach (of a horse), O'Curry 1863 ( 23 P 3, 20a ). batar cruindbega caladgela na dí glún white and firm, BDD² 30 . cromscíath caladgér hard-edged, TTr.² 1002 . a ulcha gaill in dedbudanaigh . . . caladhgriantragthaigh, IT iii 98.25 ; 'hard and dried up like gravel' EIS 149 § 40 .

1 cana

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cana or dil.ie/8119
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -o, chano, chanand, cana, -ach, can, canu

n m. n s. also -o. Inflection varies. Orig. appar. nt, see GOI 208 , Wortk. 231 (`nomen agentis auf -ont' from `canaid'). Later (?) also n and d. Uninflected throughout SCano (see xviii and cf. g s. in chano , LB 241a65 = chanand, 66 ). cana f., g s. -ach, IGT Decl. § 193 . Perh. (orig. ?) two distinct words in senses (a) and (b).

(a) cub, whelp : cano .i. cuilen mic tíre, O'Dav. 529 .i. is uada ata fotha canainde, F. c.¤ .i. cuilén, O'Cl. caitin, cailech, c.¤ , Laws v 472.30 .i. cuilen cen gnim, z Comm. ina comrith canannaib .i. an tan bis a comrith cum na cuilén, O'Curry 2511 ( Eg. 88, 42(43)a ). ? Cf. li dathpill / doss duilleach / dealbh canann, IT iii 96 § 153 . Transfd. of youthful warrior: maicne Echoch . . . / im Niall, im chanaid Cairne `including Niall, Cairenn's wolfwhelp', RC xxiv 184.z = chanaind, LL 19432 . díon ó gCuinn . . . / ar chanaidh fhuinn Teamhra tá (: cabhair) `whelp', Magauran 1418 . do chanaidh Mhuaidhe 1495 .

(b) poet of fourth grade (`Sänger', Heldensage 69 ): se gradha filed . . . .i. fochloc, macfuir[m]ed, doss, c.¤, clí, anradh, ollamh, IT iii 97.1 . cuairt retha canat (canait, v.l.), 31.18 taken as g s. Wortk. 231 . secht ngraid filed . . . cano, cli, anruth, ollum, Laws v 26.25 . Ériu xiii 32.11 . Laws iv 356.y . can, O'Mulc. 537 . canu, Laws ii 154.1 Comm. ard conn canad dicain emain . . . is ard in codnetu dono canuit, O'Dav. 1073 . c.¤ nomen graid filed .i. caintid, ar nī a[i]rchan cōrus a cherdae fīad rīghaib, Corm. Y 276 . sesca la cana (i.e. stories), Laws i 44.z . ni hārmiter na fosceóil acht do chethri grádaib . . . .i. ollam, anrath, cli ┐ cano, LL 24920 . in cano .i. cethra ba a eniclann, Laws v 66.17 Comm. seissiur du canait . . . / for cach feacht feili feithith, Auraic. 2239 . secht seoid do canaid, Laws v 66.1 . sē bā do c[h]lī . . . / a ceathair don c[h]āemc[h]anaid (: anait), ZCP ix 172.3 . glamh in chanad arin mnai, glamh in chli arín mac, IT iii 91.15 . dlighidh c.¤ cethrama gaoise, Ériu xiii 22.24 .

(c) chanter (Sages, Saints and Storytellers 27 § 13 ) ainm in chanand, ZCP iii 224 § 12 .

As n.pr.: ráith Chanand, Metr. Dinds. iv 156.143 . Scéla Cano, Anecd. i 1 ff. = SCano. grad C. is Créidi, LL 17155 . iugulatio Conamlo mic Canonn, AU i 154.3 . da coin Canann ciúil, Metr. Dinds. iii 122.41 . Cano Gall, CRR 8 .

Compd.: a ulcha gaill in dedbudanaig . . . canadgrecanaigh, IT iii 98 § 160 ; 'screaming like a whelp!' EIS 149 § 40 .

Cf. ca(u)nna.

1 cathair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cathair or dil.ie/8362
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: caithir, caithir, cathair, caithri, chaithrib

n originally i, later k, f. Ériu xxvi 95 . Also caithir (see GOI 202 ). caithir f., IGT Decl. § 120 . n s. cathair marked `lochdach', ex. 1884 (see Duan. Finn iii p. 63). g. pl. clōas crīcha Cathriach, Corp. Gen. 9 (Rawl. 116 c 34) , Éigse xvii 429 . a p. caithri (: aithre), ZCP viii 198 § 18 . d p. do chaithrib (for metre; chathrachaib, MSS), Bruchst. i 4 .

(a) stone enclosure, fortress, castle; dwelling : Acher Foglass / fuirec cēt cathrach, Corp. Gen. 2.42 . frithe cathrach (`church', see (b) below), Laws v 320.8 .i. dogabur isin chathraig thall, 322.9 Comm. ben forcurtar i cathuir, 272.6 . cathuir uasal nemid `dwelling' (in list of places from which distraint may not be taken), 266.23 .i. cathuir uasal neimedh na heclaisi, 268.11 Comm. co cathraig Con Roí, LU 9037 ( FB 79 ). ic comét na cathrach (of fort of Culann), TBC-LL² 869 . fo chaithrecha . . . in talman, Auraic. 167 . fa mó na comla caithreach / clúasa na naithreach dwelling-place , Duan. F. i 78.12 . trī dūin tenna . . . ┐ trī cathracha com-daingne, ML² 1108 . lín catha san chaithirsin, IGT Decl. ex. 885 . ag léim chluidh chathrach, 1882 . daingne imda . . . .i. cathir Cind Chorad, ┐ Inis Gaill Duib . . . , Ann. Inisf. 1012.5 . ar lár cathrag Í Maireathig, 1212.4 . na cúirte cloch aolta ┐ na cathracha, AFM vi 2192.10 . caithir chuanna ceithre mbeann (of Clonfree), DDána 119.16 . lucht deigheoil 'n-a chaithir chuirr (of chieftain's castle), 66.7 . Of animals: do-lotar na bruic amach asa cathraig, Thr. Ir. Gl. xliv 15 . Transf. is cathir do chomét (of the Félire), Fél. Ep. 149 . c.¤ Chuinn (of Ireland), DDána 93.42 . c.¤ chaolaigh dhuinn (of mop of hair), 74.63 . dá rígcórughad . . . ┐ dá caithir crisdaingne (of two divisions of an army), Caithr. Thoirdh. 64.14 .

(b) monastic settlement, enclosure; monastery : for maig arutacht cathir (of St Bridget), Thes. ii 328.4 ( Hy. v 10 ). folamadar . . . P. congabad c.¤ ic A. Ḟ., Trip.² 1270 . bid úasal do chathir (said to Bishop Erc), 473 . comarba cathrach Ciarain, Auraic. 5268 . indliged na heclaisi . . . [mad indliged] na cathrach . . . is dire cathrach fais[e] doib (`cathedral'), Laws v 172.12 , 13 Comm. bid mór do chathir i fus / be manchach for nem, Ériu iii 108 § 54 .

(c) fortified city, city: ro bói isin chaithir, Wb. 13b1 . Crist didiu issí in chathir, 21c5 . dia mbrith huan chadraig `from the city', Ml. 66c14 . immin cathraich, 48d14 . imm oslucud inna cathrach, 46b5 . ro soirad in chathir di lamaib Assar, 61d2 . for longais hua chathir (leg. huan? Edd.), 74a13 . donchathraig gl. in urbem, Sg. 216b6 . tor cathrach, LU 2786 . co cathroigh n-amhræ Luimnech, ZCP vii 304.x . gusan gcarthaigh iona roibhe Aimpírius, ZCP xxxiii 133 § 17 . cúig caithreacha, Dán Dé xvii 25 . a gcaithridh Chorint, Mac Aingil 5784 . For c.¤ attaig see attach, and cf. ZCP xxv 225 .

Of heaven: nói ngrád . . . / cathrach in Ríg romair, Fél. Ep. 236 . in cathir . . . ina fuil in rígsudi, LU 2036 ( FA 11 ). Of hell: im chuaird cathrach Díabail, LU 2421 .

In n. loc.: coro bris Cathraig Conaind (more usually Tor C.), LL 14698 . See Hog. Onom.

Compd.: bean is teachtaire . . . ón chaithirlios (of Mary), Aithd. D. 72.7 .

See catrai.

cengal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cengal or dil.ie/8609
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ceangal

n o (Lat. cingulum). m., IGT Decl. § 17 .

(a) bond, tie, binding, fetter, fastening , etc.: c.¤ gl. junctura, Ir. Gl. 149 . gl. compilacio, 911 . nosbeir i n-oen-cheṅgul lé iat co hUltu, LL 2549 . ar n-ergi do A. . . . asa ch.¤ , TTebe 2570 . imrulae Críst fessin asin chengul foríata immbái la hIudaide `captivity', Ériu ii 200.9 . na cnaip, ┐ c.¤ , Cog. 194.12 . itir a chneas ┐ a cheangal catha, MR 286.11 . crios ┐ ceangal, TSh. 10403 `girdle', Gloss. i cenglaib a cuirp in the ligatures of his body, CCath. 3984 . an tan . . . druidius re ceangal na leisi the joint of the hip(?), 23 K 44, 77.11 . da ccenglaibh = compages (of boats), BNnÉ 52 § 44 . noum testamentum, go cc.¤, airgid bound in silver, Mart. Don. xl 20 . idh lúptha um c.¤ céchta, IGT Decl. ex. 959 . c.¤ na [m]búidel the band of the flasks, Fier. 48 .

Med. constipation : inti ara mbí cengul ann tobuir clister dó, Rosa Angl. 34.19 . ró ch.¤ costiveness, O'Gr. Cat. 198.z . Of blood : o mnai ga roibhi tochd fola mista re .x. misaibh ar linadh an cuirp go huilide mailli re ceangal na fola, Irish Texts v 16.22 .

Of the last verse or `envoi' of a poem: ceangal, Aithd. D. 98.27 . Keat. Poems p. 22 . O'Rah. 10.68 .

Fig. bond, lien, contract etc.: cen c.¤ flatha uirre (ráith) `the chief having no lien upon him', Laws v 499.26 Comm. ar ní dligh righ Teamrach agra na ceangul forru, BB 249b18 ( Cóir Anm. 144 ). an diabhal lé ndérna ceangal a n-aimsir an pheacuidh, Mac Aingil 356 . c.¤ nā cunnradh, RSClára 66a . ceangal doéilighthi ┐ deismeireachd iomdha . . . orra sin a secure grasp (of metrical rules), IGT Introd. § 2 . eachd, ceangal, aonta, Eg. Gl. 259 .

(b) As vn. act of binding, tying, fixing, contracting : merdrech . . . .i. mer ┐ drech iarna c.¤ joined together (in a compound), Corm. 29.8 . co ruc S. lais L. iar n-a cheṅgul in fetters, LL 21191 ( Dinds. 155 ). a chosa ┐ a lámha do ch.¤ don chroich le tairngeadhaibh, Parrth. Anma 1440 . cloch ar na c.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 268 (cf. cloch chengail below). ag ceangal cairdis is ṡídh, Content. xiii 30 . a sidh do cengul re Gyi, ZCP vi 77.24 . robhadar ag ceangal na cómhronna an aidhche sin confirming the division, ML 68.3 . ro mothaig co mor Gaill oca c.¤ dochum becnerta restricting his power, Ann. Conn. 1310.7 . Without obj. gen. (or leg. i c.¤ ?): tusa a Dhé ag ceangal don chroich `hanging on the cross', PBocht 24.19 . druim na baise / do bhí ag ceangal do chlár bhrioc, Dán Dé iii 20 . o nach a[g] ceangal do M[hoir] a-ta since (the name S.) is not closely connected (grammatically etc.) with M., Bard. Synt. Tr. 95.37 . Cf. gai . . . hi cengul dá chréit cróncharpait, LU 10228 . i c.¤ ua na taisib tied around. Fen. 110.6 .

Attrib. g s.: nach béidh fear 'gā mhnaoi cheangail / . . . gan búai[dh]readh his wedded wife, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . Luimnech na cloch cengail of the riveted stones, Caithr. CC 10 (5.15) . ? pípaí, fidli, fir cengail `gleemen', Metr. Dinds. iii 20.257 (cf. Manners and Customs i dxl and Gloss.). giobuil cheangail swaddling clothes, Luke ii 7 . ? tighe ceanguil na gcompán, Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 8 .

2 cladach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cladach or dil.ie/9296

 

n (with unlen. d) o, m. stony shore : `cladach a flat stony shore', O'Don. Suppl. cuairt chladaigh uair an Eabair (: cagaidh), DDána 113.36 . `tonn a chladaich the herb thrift', O'R. Poems s.v. tonn. cloigtheacha 'na gc.¤ dá réaba reduced to a heap of stones(?), Five Pol. Poems 94. 234 . Fig. an bhuidhean . . . / . . . do rín . . . / c.¤ do chríonbhruisc cíocrach ghruamdha ghall who made havoc of the Gaill , Hackett v 4 (but `earth or ground hardened by trampling on it', Gloss.).

búalad cladaig: bualadh cladaidh, creacha minca `a sudden landing', SGS iv 64 § 20 . By extension of other sudden forays: creacha mora . . . ┐ bualadh cladaich do dhenam orra, AU iii 620.15 (`destructive defeat').

? c.¤ .i. suilce, Stowe Gl. 38 (clannach .i. subhailce, v.l.). (leg. clandach .i. subhailcech, ed.) (but suilce perh. connected with Lat. sulcus).

cnám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnám or dil.ie/9725

 

Forms: cnáma, cnámh

[u, m.] vn. of cnaïd, g s. cnáma. IGT Verbs § 42 . cnámh m., IGT Decl. § 95 . act of gnawing, wasting : in loiscend .i. cū cnāmha, Corm. Y 257 . ro gab int oircne for c.¤ na hemi, Corm. 30.13 (cocnam, Y). c.¤ cárna, bronnud bánbíd `gnawing of flesh', MacCongl. 92 .z . is cudruma . . . an diansgailedh ┐ in cnam consumption (i.e. of tissues), Rosa Angl. 20.9 . ac cnam ┐ ac cerrbad (of monsters in Hell), RC xxviii 320 § 39 .

By extension of territories etc., laying waste : ag cnam cach comursann ravaging , Ann. Conn. 1315.7 = ALC i 568.6 . nir chaicletar Gaill . . . cill . . . cen cnam ┐ cen commilled, Ann. Conn. 1315.3 = ALC i 564.17 . geg cosgurach / cnam gallbaile (of warrior), IGT Metr. Faults§ 71 . See cnámtha.

Compds. (see cnáim). With nouns: na trí chnamh-aillse (fig. of enemy fortresses), ML 80.7 . sgur dod mhurmur ┐ dod chnaimhcheol oirne, Luc. Fid. 4726 `grumbling', Gloss. itir gerradh ┐-césadh ┐-cnámloscadh (describing Hell), RC xxiv 381.13 . With adj.: creabair . . . cnamhghobacha, Lism. L. 3652 .

2 coll

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 coll or dil.ie/10501
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: coll, call, colla, coill, caill, cailli, coill, caill, coll, call

n Orig. appar. o, n. ( c.¤ ngisse, LU 5115 ), later variable in form, gender and inflexion. coll call (ón phearsain) m. g s n p. colla, IGT Decl. § 95 (127.8) . coill caill (ón phersain) f., § 14 (69.7) (cf. g s. cailli, Mac Aingil 1002 ). coill, caill, coll, call, Verbs § 77 .

(a) destruction, spoiling, injury; later loss ; as quasi-vn. act of destroying, injuring; losing : mór c.¤ ceille . . . / beith fo étoil Maic Maire great folly, Thes. ii 296.8 . ni frīth c.¤ and dó `no hurt was found to him therein', 343.3 (Hy. v). ? uirum luscum no c.¤ oculo dextera , 236.3 (or read goll?). ar c.¤ a roisc, LU 4058 . coll etha, 7453 ( BDD § 101 ). rosiacht c.¤ do chombár injury has come upon the nape of your neck(?), 6034 . amal bis ethaid foluaimneach im net ar na ch.¤ do nathraig impi, TTebe 2100 . ar c.¤ mo cloidhimh-sea, MR 302.15 . acá coill, O'Gr. Cat. 213.32 . gul Gaillsighe ar gcall Gaill on the death of, Dánfhocail 271 . i ndiaidh ar gcarad do chaill, DDána 63.2 . c.¤ .i. milleadh, O'Cl. súil nó chos nó lámh do chaill, TSh. 5433 . ar gcaill do lúith ┐ do mheisnigh, Maguires of F. 94 . mo chall `my misfortune', O'Rah. 26.6 . d'a nach bhfuil fós breith na caill who has nothing to gain or lose, Donlevy 332.27 . caill na glóire the loss of glory, 186.8 . íar ccaill a fhola, Parrth. Anma 782 .

(b) castration : ag . . . slan o cull, ZCP xiv 351 § 9 ( Laws ii 244.x ); 'sound (i.e. in good health) after castration' ZCP xxxvii 6 . na laoigh, na cullaigh ┐ na huain fireanna do chaill, Corp. Astron. 52.7 .

(c) deflowering : ar is leis c.¤ cetingen (sic leg.?) ria nUltaib do gres (of Conchobar), LU 10476 = jus primae noctis the deflowering of the first maidens, the first deflowering of the maidens Comp. CC 64, 152 . caill a nn-oigi ┐ a n-ingenais, TTebe 727 . go raibh sí na máthair . . . gan caill a hoghachta, Donlevy 386.13 .

(d) violation (of a law, taboo, etc.): c.¤ geisi ┐ cána, Trip.² 447 . bid aithrech c.¤ cid īar tain / fo[r] foīsam maic Roig rogmair (i.e. the violation of Fergus's guarantee will be regretted), LMU² 65 . a enech do ch.¤ , Cóir Anm. 239 . gin c.¤ cana P., Laws iii 388.4 Comm. toigheacht tar c.¤ cairdeas (sic) dom iondsoighidh, ZCP x 293.20 . c.¤ creidimh, DDána 55.5 . call eagna, Content. viii 11 . nach guais coill a comuirghe `whose safeguard is not in danger of violation', O'Hara 656 . tré ch.¤ a smachta, AFM v 1480.17 . tré choill reachta na Teamhrach `for having transgressed', Keat. iii 1382 . ní heól uainn gan chall na cánadh no one of us is known not to have violated, IGT Verbs ex. 698 .

In phrr. i cca(i)ll, ar ch.¤ in need, in misfortune : bíodh gur léir léigis me i gcaill ar lár, Hackett xxi 6 (accaoill, v.l.). ar núaisleacht chineil ar call, Rel. Celt. ii 254 § 36 . oc c.¤ ar (= for): gnáth é [sc. an saoghal] ar a chaomhthach ag call `always it fails a companion', Celtica iv 111 § 1 . cen ch.¤ without fail, complete: nai mbliadna ┐ cet gan c.¤ , MacCarthy 312.w § 2 . trian ele an chiosa gan chaill, BNnÉ 259 § 219 . dobhér sa da chionn gan caill / nert, is umhlacht, is oirrim, 271 § 243 . abla tīre Barsābe / ubla orro gach rāithe, / dia domnaig tīagaid dia c.¤ (coill, MS) / 's nī bí orro aenuball, Ériu iii 145 § 27 (`to steal them').

? Compd. tri capall a collbuilg .i. cuaball .i. derc a tona, O'Dav. 572 (`foul belly').

con-mesca

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-mesca or dil.ie/12211

 

Forms: commascaid, cummascdae, cummasc

v (*com-mesc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 577 ) later commascaid, cummascaid, coimmescaid.

(a) mixes together, commingles: conmescatar dacenél indib gl. promiscue, Sg. 61a14 . con-mescat . . . / domblas dho ar fionnacet (at Crucifixion), Blathm. 59 . maith ara cummiscther olc, Mon. Tall. 164.20 . na cumaiscther occut . . . santugud in molta . . .do indithim in gníma = non se miscea[n]t facienda diuinum praeceptum cum tendis implere, PH 6082 . ni riachummaisc M. rí ndúad . . . in mórchoblaig sin, LL 31810 `embroil himself', TTr. 998 . Of Babel: ro cumaiscthea na berlai isind luc sain, LU 49 . arin cumasc rocumaiscit tri gach mberla, Auraic. 164 . conruammesc-sen .i. conremesc impu, 144 . Gramm. an tan chumaisgthear ar a chéile íad (of consonants), IGT Introd. § 22 .

(b) Of persons joins, unites : cor' cumaiscset Gaill Luimnigh fris, RC xviii 45.16 (Tig.). nach comasg . . ./ le chéile is ar gcolainne (of the spirit), Aithd. D. 50.29 . In sexual sense: co cumaiscther ria `to sleep with her', Imr. Brain 60.18 . na rochummascdais fri clanna Cain, Rawl. 70a1 .

(c) In hostile sense joins issue with, attacks, routs : resiu fa cumaiscdis na catha cechtarda sa ar a cheli should come to grips with each other, MR 190.10 . ro cumescit na lámha leo ┐ ro claechlait na bémenna, CCath. 1994 . cotmesca ind [N]emain (sic leg.) forsin slōg attacks , TBC-I¹ 3091 (with 3 s.n. (?) inf. pron.). cotn-amaisc ar in sluag, Fing. R. 875 . do cumaisg . . . ar na láochaibh he fell upon, Celt. Rev. iv 202.14 . cotmescat dond aician make for, RC x 78 n. 14 . mairg cath ar a gcuimeoscai, Caithr. Thoirdh. 38.16 . do coimmesg (coimteasc, v.l.) na hóig ┐ na h-ard-ghaisgedaigh `routed', Celt. Rev. iv 14.20 . go gcoimmeasgann iad idir il-phianaibh ifrinn, TSh. 6371 . o rocumaisc . . . Alecto a n-Etail `having put I. in a turmoil', Aen. 1728 .

Part. cummascdae.

Vn. cummasc.

cúar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúar or dil.ie/13349
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o, ā curved, bent, crooked : c.¤ .i. cam, O'Cl. Met. Gl. 17 § 44 .

(a) Of weapons, implements: ras tarraing da corránaib crúaidi cuara cromṡrona (of spear of Saturn), LL 31773 ( TTr. 962 ). glēs a hindeón comdad c.¤ `of . . . bent anvils', Hail Brigit 9 ( LL 7180 ).

(b) Of physical features and attributes of humans, etc. a asnada cuara curata `curved . . . ribs', TTebe 1017 . leccu chūar `eine schiefe Backe', Bruchst. 64 ( IT iii 82 § 64 ). nār cuar rus . . . (rhet.), Ériu ii 28 § 11 . beara (.i. lāmha) . . . is cūar (.i. cumang) crobh (.i. glac) (B. na f.), ZCP v 484 § 6 . Of natural feature: forin chnuc c.¤ `on the swelling hill', Metr. Dinds. iv 184, Benn Codail 7. Of an ailment: crithgalar cuar, Ériu xviii 72 § 65 .

(c) As subst. in phr. c.¤ cummaisc twisted mass; mixum gatherum; something scattered about (cf. cáer): c.¤ cumaisg .i. ní fa gcuairt no cruinn, O'Cl. doróine cuar-cumuisc don muir (of ships in battle), CCath. 1967 . carracc . . . doníth cuarcumaisc iter ḟeóil ┐ cnaim do cech corp cusa roisedh `a perverse mingling', 1860 . go ndéinid brúirech ┐ cuar commbuaidheartha cumaisg dhíobh, TSh. 6697 .

As n. pr. the Crooked (One): C.¤ , LL 21620 (taken as adj. c.¤ ` crooked ', Met. Dinds. Gloss.). Suibhe mac Colmain Cuaír, BCC 354 (380.20) . ? cless Caitt ┐ cless Cuair, Ériu iv 30.8 ( LL 12543 ) Cuar, RC xi 448.77 . cles Cúair, LU 8442 ( FB2 § 30) ; see cúar. In n. loc. oc Dún Chuair, Metr. Dinds. iv 316.1 .

Compds. With nouns. ic cassadcengal a cuarbel im certmedon da sliasat inn airdrigh `circular openings' (of greaves), CCath. 5210 . croimsgiath, no cuairsgíath .i. sgiath cham, O'Cl. cúarscéith chredumai foraib, LU 7087 `curved, or round (?), shields', BDD² Gloss . sleg cuarrind, YBL 41b15 . an nuimhear . . . nár shatail i gcuairshlighthibh `never trod crooked ways', Ó Bruad. iii 170.5 . With adj. and adj. derived from noun: gusan ccael ccuarchumhang (strait of a lake) `curving and narrow' (Gloss.), Hugh Roe² 30.24 . a ulcha gaill in dedbudanaigh cuarlubanaigh with curling loops, IT iii 98 § 160 .

In other compds. With noun and vb. a chromchuarcholtur co lecain camaill `his crooked, bent coulter', etc. (of Samson), Ériu v 156.201 . ? rochiarchuar crapcremsetar, IT iii 102.2 (§ 184) .

déirge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. déirge or dil.ie/15257

 

Forms: nephdéirge

io, n. vn. of 1 do-érig. Cf. nephdéirge, Sg. 209b26 . forsaking, quitting, desertion, abandonment: á ndǽrge desertio, Ml. 111b3 . mu dǽrgi destitutionis meae, 118b15 . deirge carat, LL 371a13 . Gaill do dergiu Erenn, AU 917 . is é bás in chuirp a dérge ond anmain its desertion by the soul, RC xxv 250 . ro fhorchongair for a mhiledhaibh déirghe na deabhtha, AFM vi 2254 . déirghe .i. fágbháil, O'Cl. Absol. longas Línne du dergiu the fleet of L. withdrew, AU 926 . co a ndibad no a ndeirge o fine till they die out or leave the tribe, Laws iv 44 Comm. a nderghe dind loch, AU 923 . urradhus gin derge .i. gin deirge as no cin dul do as a thir féin, O'D. 573 ( H 3.17 442 ). ? indleas gach tindsgra fri derge dligid o reachtaib comamsa, O'Curry 1862 ( 23 P 3, 20 a ). Cf. O'Dav. 540 .

stripping: ? caochadh baidhe ┐ dluthsighi .i. deirge dhe do lestraib, O'D. 803 ( H 3.17 576 ) (passage on radical defects, `galair bunaid' in vessels). déirghe .i. dérach no nochtadh, O'Cl. See 2 dérach, 2 dérgud, derged.

2 dérach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dérach or dil.ie/15538

 

n o, n. (or m.?) a vn. of 1a do-érig Celtica ix 208 . emptying, stripping: fri derach .i. fri horcain mBruidnae, RC xxi 320 § 47 . re nderach a laimhe, Laws iii 110.21 (Comm.; cf. ro deirged a lam, ib. 18 ). iar nderach tellaig na geilfine as a firt after the removal of the family . . . out of their land, iv 42.21 Comm. derach do termainn, O'Dav. 592 . cúic seoit i nd.¤ tige dia nectair, O'D. 1695 ( H 5.15 31b ). Leaving, abandoning: dord Gaill iar nderach a bárc after abandoning his boats (after the spoiling of his boats?), AFM i 272.8 . cona tairgedh la húa C. deroch an dúnaidh that O'C. might not evacuate the castle, Hugh Roe 202.5 (fo. 53b) . Absol. carthair ben ar somáine, | ce doghné druis no d.¤ (: férach), ZCP iv 468 § 15 . Cf. 2 dírech.

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