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ásaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ásaid or dil.ie/4369
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ásair, assar, rohassair, fásaid

v (1 ás) Pret. 3 s. ásair, Rawl. 164b21 . Perf. ro assar , Anecd. iii 67.20 . rohassair, 22 . IGT Verbs § 123 . Also fásaid.

(a) grows of plants, people, etc.: in fualascach bec ásas asin chrunn, Sg. 65a7 . roásaiset drissi . . . tar sodin, Ml. 2a6 . lase nastae `when they are growing', 87b12 . di neoch asas á terra, Thes. ii 11.36 ( BCr. 18a2 ). nocon ássa froíchne isin maigin sin, Trip.² 1021 . bíam cúsa do imdegail do chethra . . . cor ása in cú hísin, LU 5028 ( TBC-I¹ 539 ). co mbad prapiti no asad, 4436 . a bith roóc ar níro ásatar a renga, 10157 . ind ḟidbad ro ás triana chend, LL 4478 . trian cach neich losas ┐ asas ┐ infoirbres air o thir, Laws iii 126.22 Comm. co ro asa a rind for a feor `until the top grows on the grass', iv 48.17 Comm. fidbudh . . . fora n-āsatar . . . ubla, Anecd. i 56 § 45 . ní ḟás luibh a húir, TD 11.11 . noch d'fas faoi an bféinn `grown of the Fianna's stock', O'Gr. Cat. 583.36 . co roasat a n-ulchada, Rawl. 79a20 . ro den . . . a ó co ná farcaib feoil . . . fair ┐ co ná ro assair fair riam, SG 310.x . Springs from (DI, ó): síl Aeda . . . diar ásair mór ríg, Rawl. 164b21 . ni fhāsann ech dia ngroighibh, Marco P. 175 . da nasa coimpert uathaib, Laws ii 406.31 Comm. in fhrém o fhás in uli olc, PH 7603 . an céad athair ó'r fhásamar, Eochairsg. 27.24 .

Of inanimate things increases: fásaidh slios ré ar n-a raghuin the side of the moon grows after waning, DDána 90.9 . roḟas ceo . . . dun a fog gathered around us, Ériu v 146.24 . roás ind n-imguin foraib cach dia `the slaughter increased on them', Ériu ii 30 § 15 . an mhéide ro fhāss forsan mbairghin `how much the loaf had increased', Fl. Earls 228.1 . Spreads, covers: ésga órrtha ar nár fhás dubhadh `whereon no eclipse has spread', Studies 1919, 75 § 17 . tuile gan tráigh daonnacht Dé / ar gach aon-olc nar fhás sí has it not covered every evil? A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 1 . Becomes: d'fhás feoil an leinimh te, 2 Kings iv 34 .

(b) arises, develops, esp. of dissension, war, etc.: ásaidh comrac úathmar, TTr.² 1462 . fasaidh gredan mor, Aen. 1987 . roḟás ceist adhbhalmhor ag feraibh Érenn 'mon caingin sin, Ériu iii 154 § 8 . rofás ceist mór ag Finn don ghním-sin, Fianaig. 56.14 . rofitir fein ga[ch] ni asfas dochair ind, TTebe 2325 . réidhiughadh roinn / ór ḟás d'éiliughadh eadroinn, TD 15.1 . fásuidh aimhreighe eidir e ┐ athair, Rel. Celt. ii 162.8 . Subj. unexpressed: is iarum ro ás dó ┐ do C. a quarrel arose between him and C., Rawl. 134b22 . Results from, arises from (DI, A): conid ed roḟás de sidhe . . . cormarb cach dib a cheli `it resulted that . . .', RC xviii 273.4 . ro assar iartain oc Bretnaib fledog(ug)ud imda . . . rohassair assaide sarthol ┐ etrad . . ., Anecd. iii 67.20 . is de ro fas bas Cheit, Ériu viii 176.25 . nir fas don tsluaiged sin doib-sim acht in tir . . . do lot, Ann. Conn. 1225.25 . dond errlaime asas donn iarraid, Laws i 36.10 Comm. conad he sin adbar d'ár ḟasastar fuathnell, MR 240.4 . dia tuctha na deich fo cethair is .xl. fhásas dib, Lism. L. 4620 . is as sin ro ás indiu na h-uli datha i n-etuch epscop, LL 2040 . is as fhásas in faisne[s]-sea, PH 1616 . as assin ro fhás co na deni sacart oifrenn i fiadhnaisi epscoip, AFM i 358.7 .

Occas. in impers. (trans.) use (but see Ériu xxxvi 193-94 ): nirás nach ṅduine dalbda / commus huili a aurlabra, SR 4809 = conid de sin is follus nach la duine fen comus a erlabra acht la Dia, LB 123a6 . ro ás gnóe móir in n-ingin, LU 3161 ; 'she grew with great beauty, the girl' Ériu xxxvi 193-94 (= ara n-ingin, YBL 175b50 ). Cf. Ériu ii 30 and Fl. Earls 228 supra. Vn. ás.

baiscne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baiscne or dil.ie/5250

Forms: báiscnib

n (? -aí-) expld. as large tree: b.¤ .i. bile, Ériu xiii 75 § 195. O'Cl. suidid didu Colum cille fon mbaiscni fri cill aniar, Fél. 72.21 . Mugna dono moo gnoe e .i. moo báiscnib, Dinds. 34. (a báiscnib , v.l.). ? Baīscne ancestor of Finn, Corp. Gen. Index.

cerdach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cerdach or dil.ie/8755

adj o, ā (1 cerd). Of work, skilful, artistic : gnoe imbuil c.¤ .i. ro-airdairc-aidhe na (sic leg.) dana ilardha sin, O'Dav. 1023 . an chláirseach cheardach `graceful', Studies 1923, 598 § 10 . Of a person, accomplished, skilled : fer c.¤, ealadhnach, AU iii 32.15 . As subst. [o, m.] gach ceardach ceolmhar, cubhuidh, MS. Mat. 580.13 .

cloïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloïd or dil.ie/9576

Forms: clód

v (somet. also clu-, and with diphthong cloí(d)-, claí(d)-). IGT Verbs § 42 (clói-, clái-, claí-). Cf. Mod. Ir. cloíonn le, sticks to , (Greene, Ériu xxi 29 ).

I Trans.

(a) turns, turns back, repels : conid cloitis asind noibi i mbí `so that they might drive him', Ml. 112b20 . mac Failléin . . . / ní chlóifither for cúlu, SG 388.3 . ni claefidis é uada they could not turn him (part him) from it, TTebe 3446 .

(b) Of weapons turns the edge, blunts : ní for brágtib dam na bó / clóthir colg mo ruanado, LU 9672 . ? immo tarlaicthe cranna imma cloiset gai, LL 13474 . rocloait a cloidme re cailcib na cromsciath, Ériu viii 44.16 . ro chlaiset laighni . . . a taebaib trenmiled, Aen. 2825 . ? gora chloesetar a n-ilchlessarda ra tilib . . . na scíath cliss, LL 10537 ( TBC-LL¹ 3561 ).

(c) overthrows, vanquishes, conquers, destroys : is airi ro cload it has been destroyed, Wb. 3b1 . nob cloifether gl. uincemini, Ml. 67a11 . ro clois-siu gl. uicisti, 43d18 . ro chlói gl. uincente, 37a5 . clóither gl. uinci, 30c1 . cloithir gl. (eadem ruina . . . ) inuoluitur, 16b3 . i ndithrub pardais ro cloi-som Adam i ndíthrub in domuin ra cloi-som Críst, Tur. 18 . ro clui aicme ilclannaigh, O'Dav. 350 . cluidsius borb beolu bennacht `he subdued to benediction the mouths of the fierce ones', ACC 119 ( LU 1125 ). for Conchobar clúais, RC xxix 212 § 17 . con ro cloe demhon, Blathm. 172 . doel oca diul. Medithir orcni cor chlai a letaeb uile `destroyed', Fél.² xxxiv 38 . ma clāid airigu[d] `siegt (durchdringt)', ZCP xiv 348.14 (of testing samples of malt). macne Chathaīr ro cloīset mo brugas búar, Fing. R. 489 . dī cīch mnā no chlōitis leis (of Bricriu), Corp. Gen. 284.15 . ruiri Macha . . . / clōas crīcha Cathriach, 9.1 . is búaid mór do Góedelaib / co clothar in slúag, LU 9473 . nói cluid nís clúi garbdrend `could not demolish', Metr. Dinds. i 30.37 . nirb obair liúin rodusclái `that broke them (of dogs)', Metr. Dinds. iii 122.42 . ro clofinnsi Cesair gan ar gan airlech, CCath. 4581 . denaid frithaire . . . naro cloa diabul sib, PH 3052 . romclaeietar mo dubailce, D IV 2, 67b5 . dot bhais tsheing nār cládh ó chion, ZCP ii 352.26 . triar nach claoidhfidhear choidhche (of the Trinity), DDána 60.14 . sé gnéithe fiabhrusa . . . lé gclaoidhtear an cholann, TSh. 7890 . mairtír nár chló a coing, Celtica iv 125 § 28 . cloch . . . cloech a bērla n-airberta ar inní chlōes cach raod, Corm. Y 213 .

(d) With cath, cathu: cía ro chathu cloí, Trip.² 2530 . Hail Brigit 21 . erred fir cluas catha, LU 9681 . cluim cathu, LL 13864 (rhet.). clōiet na catha co crūaid, Ériu vi 122 § 11 ( Rawl. 83b24 ).

(e) Of the effect of grief: ro claided o galar na cumadh iat, Laud 610, f. 24b (Plummer MS. notes). rodonclái gol ┐ mairg, Metr. Dinds. iii 124.64 . adhbal ecc ecc dom ruacht, / cruaidh romcluidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 260.x (glossed: do thochail no do claoi mo croidi).

(f) With dath, cruth, gnóe changes (for the worse): ro chlai dath, / amal mnai beth ic lamnad, SR 3027 . ra ṅgab guba, ro chlói cruth, 6087 . Conaire caem cruth nár chlaei, SG 151.8 . do-clos tre diumus mo gnaoi `durch Übermut habe ich meine Schönheit verwandelt', ZCP x 416.4 . na hardphuirt-se ór clódh a gcruth, DDána 68.14 .

(g) With cíall, intliucht, etc. perverts, leads astray : nís derban día ṅdáil ind reb sin ┐ ní cluí a n-indtlicht oca ndáil, BDD² 1155 . .uiii. ṁbliadna buí i rrigi . . . cialla ros claí rectaid rán, LL 16618 . coro chluí a brétho a blaid / in t-Eocho, 15763 . nír chlódh mo chiall, Anecd. i 29 § 36 . is í menmai Deicc . . . ro cload ann, PH 1047 . roclaeit cetfada curad a[c] comthoitim, TTebe 2827 .

(h) Of desires, vices subdues, conquers: slan don miandaigh in ní claides a mian `what subdues her yearning', Laws iii 204.9 Comm. an tí chlaoieas a fhearg féin, Desid. 1491 . teagaisgidh mar chlaoieas sí saint na sul, 1195 . an tsubháilce ré gclaoitear an drúis, Donlevy 164.23 .

II

(a) Intrans. turns, returns, turns back : créd ima clofad óa anmianaibh why should he turn from his evil desires? Aisl. Tond. 103.1 . do closed da tigib, Ann. Conn. 1256.8 . ná cló dá hibhe `turn not to drink it', Magauran 2422 . do indtódar ón imresain ┐ do clóadar ón cath, Caithr. Thoirdh. 91.36 . níor chló an bhean do bhí dot iarraidh / gur bhean sí do dhiamhair dhíd (to the Cross discovered by Helena), Dán Dé iii 25 . [do] dhruim cheilge nocha chló, Aithd. D. 8.43 . gu ro clodhsat forculai cusin loingis doridhisi, Marco P. 149 . ra chlóiset cuir caratraid, LL 10521 (rhet.).

? is hed as dilem limm ciacloid gl. ne quis uos seducat, Wb. 26a2 (leg., with Sarauw, ciatloid, edd.) `that ye overcome', Plummer MS. notes. rinnib ris cloífet cnámreda, LU 10365 (rhet.). Bith mac Noe na n-ildrem / cid ro choíl re cladband, LL 521 . cúic claidmi nár chlaí fri cnáim, Leb. Cert.² 863 (? leg. claíset).

Vn. clód.

cnú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnú or dil.ie/9776
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: chnú, cnaoi, cnai, chno, cnó, cnu, cnóe, cnoi, cnói, cnoi, cnæ, cn, cnó, chnáo, chno, cnóib, cnó, cna, cnaoí, cna, cno, cnúa, cnúithe, cna, cna, cnúithe, cnait[h]e, cnaibh, cnoibh

n u, f. GOI 197 ; treated as m. in ref. to men: cnú caech, Fél. 156.7 . an cnú do chnuas Gh., Ir. Syll. Poetry 23 § 1 . n s. in chnú , RC viii 56.y . a s. cnaoi, LU 7329 (BDD). RC viii 56.x . cnai, Celtica ii 80.329 . g s. chno, Thes. i 5.38 . cnó, LU 8121 ( FB 9 ). cnu, O'Curry 860 ( H 3.18, 388 marg. inf.) (poss. g p.). n p. cnoe, Thes. ii 249.7 . cnóe, LL 27688 . Ériu iv 138.z . cnoi, Mon. Tall. 13 . cnói, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.27 . cnoi, LL 13579 . cnæ, Ériu vii 197.17 . cn, ZCP v 22 § 16 . cnó, Ériu xiii 26.20 . g p. chnáo, ZCP xii 366.9 . chno, Auraic. 1183 . Ériu xix 60.5 . d p. cnóib, Metr. Dinds. iii 130.31 . Later with n s. cnó, Airne F. 354 . d s. cna, IGT Decl. ex. 68 . cnaoí, O'R. Poems 974 . n p. cna, BS 116.17 . PBocht 1.4 . cno(: so), DDána 9.7 . cnúa, IGT Decl. ex. 1783 . cnúithe, § 98 . a p. cna, BCC 24 . cna proscribed form, IGT Met. Faults § 149 . cnúithe, Decl. ex. 1780 . ch.¤ , Introd. § 80 . Decl. ex. 614 . cnait[h]e, 23 K 42, 166.4 . d p. cnaibh, DDána 2.9 . cnoibh, Dánfhocail 208 . c.¤ f., IGT Decl. §§ 83 , 98 , 203 .

Nut : cnū .i. cāiniu .i. millsi oldati na toraid aile, Corm. Y 348 . feis for bloescaib cno `spending the night . . . on nutshells', Ériu xix 60.5 . teinm cno, O'Curry 769 ( H 3.18, 362a ). ba meti cend fir in ch.¤ , RC viii 56.x . bruithter cno, Ériu xiii 24.10 . a chna, a airne ionnúara, BS 110.8 . an ch.¤ ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 . an chraobhshlat gan chnaoi (of Mary after death of Christ), xxvi 38 . is iad na cnó gnae, crand bis isin doman toir ┐ cnó ḟasas air . . . cona[d] dib sin dognither na bleighedha buis comardaigther risna cornaib buabaill . . . cedfaid Ferdomain . . . epscop Chille Dara . . . conadh iad na cna imais iad, O'Curry 1009 ( H 3.18, 429a ). Cf. O'Curry 352 ( H 3.18, 193c ), O'Dav. 539 . See gnóe . síltair sopur na Segsa / . . . ó thuitit cnói Crínmoind cain, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.27 . dona cnoib Segsa, Auraic. 5317 . cnōi cuill cāinmessa hazel nuts, Ériu vii 2.19 . na cnadh coill ┐ na castáinidhe 'the hazel-nuts and the chestnuts', Corp. Astron. 168.7 . cnaí conaire 'road-nuts; food one brings with one on a journey' Celtica xiii 21 . coimmeid hi re cnai nGaeidhealaigh, Celtica ii 80.329 `hazel nut' Gloss. in ch.¤ gædhilach gl. auellana (leg. Abellana) nux barua, RC ix 226.3 . auillani .i. na cno mora, ACL i 28 § 91 . bliadain na gcnó bfhinn `white nuts', ALC i 84.4 . cnú francach walnut, RC ix 238 58b . slata . . . do crann cno bhfrancach, Gen. xxx 37 . c.¤ cāech nó dule feda. O'Mulc. 757 . See cáech. c.¤ ḟás see 1 fás. asna cnaibh seasga, Oss. v 90.10 . Of nut-shell used as vessel: lan lestair na cno, O'Curry 588 ( H 3.18, 290 ). dorinneas lán ch.¤ do chantain, Ó Bruad. iii 214.y `to fulfil all due', n.; see also cnúlestar below. ?Of container for ink: do mhill olcus na cnu ┐ in membruim inn, O'Curry 860 ( H 3.18, 388 marg. inf.).

In transf. senses: ? nach diongna sé acht cóir fan gcnaoi `exacts justice in every trifle', Aithd. D. 84.1 . a ch.¤ fholamh na n-ainmhian (of the body), DDána 1.12 . mo ch.¤ is mo chiste-se (of harp made of hazel), Keat. Poems 281 . Of persons: c.¤ caech `blind nut' (of sinner), Fél. 156.7 . is cnú chaech … cách na déni toil in Rig 'anyone who does not do the will of the King is an empty nut', LL 36780 , Stud. Hib. xix 33 . Frequ. in laudatory sense: c.¤ ós coill, O'R. Poems 1685 , see n. an treas c.¤ don chrobhaing (of Holy Spirit), DDána 9.6 . ní Dáibhith . . . / ná Pól . . . / . . . a ch.¤ chothrom `neither D. . . . nor Paul . . . was his type', Ó Bruad. ii 194.8 .

In phrases: c.¤ chumhdaigh, c.¤ chroidhe, c.¤ choisi (acht na cnúithe coisi), IGT Decl. § 98 . is mé a c.¤ chridi glé darling, LU 8331 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ mo chraidhi, Acall. 4876 . a ch.¤ cheannsa na rosc `tender darling', Ó Bruad. i 8.15 . Cf. c.¤ na cclíar, Párl. na mB. 3816 . c.¤ chumhdaigh dar gcrobhuing féin protector (of Christ), Aithd. D. 75.40 . cnū mhullaigh na macroidhe, O'R. Poems 364 `the highest (i.e. most desirable) nut', Gloss M. c.¤ ós crobhaing `renowned above heroes', AFM v 1636.7 . See mullach, mocol.

Compds. With nouns. oired cnúboithe bochtáin tiny bothy, Caithr. Thoirdh. 3.x . ar mess chnó-chaille Achad `nut-grove', Metr. Dinds. iii 388.34 . dream ród g-cnofhídh- bhadh g-cruinn `of round-nutted woods', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 354.7 . .u. bainde . . . a cnulestar lán the hollow of a nut, O'Curry 587 ( H 3.18, 290 ). in chétna dabach . . . ro díscáil . . . amal chnómaidm `like the breaking of a nutshell', TBC-LL² 1195 . mes mor etir cnomes ┐ daurmes hazelnuts(?), AU i 336.21 .

With adjj.: barr dess dornach / collān cnóbeac `of tiny hazelnuts', K. and H. 14 . ósin chlár chnóboc, LL 1281 ( BB 34a3 ). Cf. cnóbog .i. bog oirdheirc, O'Cl. na bhfeadh collbán, cnóbuidi, Ériu iv 228.4 . coull ut dicitur cno-car fer .i. cach ag ithe a cno, Auraic. 4279 . crích cnóidhearcach cláir Chualonn, Top. Poems² 1047 . na gcuan gcnódhonn, DDána 111.8 . cach coll cno-gel, Hy Fiach. 272.10 .

With vb.: gor' cnomuidh a cride indti `broke like a nut', Dinds. 2 ( RC xv 289 ). O'Cl. Metr. Dinds. iii 158.12 .

1 Dea

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 Dea or dil.ie/14803

Forms: Dea, Dé, De, Deda, Dedad, Daig, Dego, Dead, Deae

npr. m. n s. Dea: Dea mac Degann (Degad leg., cf. Dedaid LL), Dinds. § 40. 1 (so also LL, BB). g s. Dé: Bec mac Dé mic Gnoe , Mart. Don. Oct. 12 . De: Bec mac De druad mic Gnoe , LL 347 c 48 , 55 . BB 216 a 44 mac Deátho, Deḟatho, i.e. Dé ḟátho, v. † Deáith. Mac Saiglend mic De mic Labrada, LL 326 e 16 f.b. —In Mid.- Ir. confused with Deda, gen. Dedad (Dedhadh), Daig, gen. Dego, Dead (g s.) and Deae: Dea mac Degan a quo Inber nDeda, Dinds. § 40. 1 .

gelḟine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gelḟine or dil.ie/25579
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: geilfíne, g., g.

n , f. g s. na geilfíne , Laws iv 40.24 Comm. lit. bright i.e. obvious `fine' or kindred. In poetry: di gablaib gelḟine Galeon, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14 § 2 . buaidh gelfine Gailoin, RC xxii 395.2 ( LL 385c18 ). is gnoe grianna gelfini (of Cú Chulainn), LU 8905 ( FB 68 ). In the Laws used as a technical term for the narrowest circle of the kin, viz. the agnatic descendants of a common grandfather. See Binchy, PBA (Rhys lecture, 1943), p. 30 , who regards the g.¤ as an innovation introduced by the jurists to replace, for most legal purposes, the derbḟine (descendants of a common great-grandfather), which was the older unit. But cf. Ériu li 12 . See also Mac Neill, Celtic Ireland, p. 161 seq. and p. 171 seq. , where the question is fully discussed. According to him the gelḟine included three generations, i.e. an individual, his sons and grandsons; from the standpoint of the youngest generation it would comprise five classes; the representative of that generation, father, uncles, their sons and grandfather; from the standpoint of a member of the middle generation it would comprise himself, father, sons, brothers and nephews. gelfine co cuicer. Isi-aide gaibes dibad cach cind comacuis di neoch diba uaid 'the gelḟine extends to five men. It is the latter that claims the inheritance of each individual relative from any that perish out of it without heirs' CIH ii 429.27 , Ériu li 1 . Cf., however: i ngilfine iar mbelaib amuil atá athair ocus mac ocus ua ocus iarmua ocus innua co cuicer; ocus geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair th'athar ocus mac co cuicer beos, Laws ii 160.z Comm. See also H 3.18, 224b ( O'Curry 407 ). The gelfine group shared prime responsibility for the wrongdoing committed by a member of the fine ( Laws i 260.2 ). flaith gelfine do gabail ratha o ri tuaithe, ii 280.24 Comm. For the privileges of the head of the g.¤ see ib. 26 . fri dliged tuisi .i. frisintí dligeas dul a tuisigecht an flathusa gelfine, O'Curry 2181 ( Eg. 88, f. 6 (7)c ). da geilfine gráidh tuaithi ... da geilfine gráidh ecalsa, O'D. 755 ( H 3.17, c. 544 ). ? diam iar ndibad fer fo dosloinnter gelfine (g.¤ f., MS), O'Dav. 826.

For further exx. and references see Laws Gl., Mann. and Cust., Mac Neill, op. cit.

1 gnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gnae or dil.ie/26187

ind beautiful, beauty , see gnóe .

1 gnó, gnáe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gnó, gnáe or dil.ie/26236
Last Revised: 2013

n (? 2 gnó, Celtica i 322 n. 6 ) mockery, sport, pleasantry: gnó .i. cuidbed, Corm. Y 693 . gno .i. cuidbedh, O'Dav. 1028 . gnó .i. fochuidbeadh no magadh, O'Cl. car .i. brisc ... gno car cnam marbda `a dead bone is a brittle mockery,' O'Dav. 406 ; 1028 . roscendaig Conaire do Coincaulainn ar gnoe `bought them ... for sport,' RC xxii 304.17 ( BDD § 131 ). nech condaruice ar gnae (of two imbeciles) who united them [in wedlock] for sport, Laws ii 406.21 : gl. ar gnae focuitbidh, 28 . ? To this: doclos tre dhiumus mo gnaoi (gnaidh, gnái v.ll.) | is Iúdus Scarioth me `my mockery through pride was heard,' BNnÉ 102.9 .

3 gnó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 gnó or dil.ie/26238

adj illustrious , see gnóe .

gnóach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnóach or dil.ie/26239

adj ( gnóé ) o,ā beautiful (?), remarkable (?) : ingen gnoach oc Tadg thrén, Metr. Dinds. ii 72.25 . dororainn ... an talam ... co romhuidh sruaim gnoach, Misc. Hag. Hib. 27.3 . ? ili a ngluind gnoaig daig betis cruaich `successful feats,' Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 3 ( LL 182a28 ). gnóach .i. oirdhearcas, O'Cl. s.v. 3 gnó. ba gnim gnoach | imsoadh mo cuairt na crocund, Anecd. i 55 § 41 . See also gnoíech.

gnóda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnóda or dil.ie/26249
Last Revised: 2013

adj ( gnóe , Celtica i 322 ) lovely (?): furudran gemm gnóda, Gorm. July 26 .

gnóe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnóe or dil.ie/26254
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: gnáe, gnaí, gnaoi, gnaí

(earlier disyllabic gnoë , Celtica i 322 n. 4 , Imr. Brain 34 § 6 , later: gnó, gnáe, gnaí; Mod. Ir. gnaoi).

adj I io,iā

(a) beautiful, fine, exquisite: gnoe .i. ségda, LU 8905 . gnóe ... cech sēgda, Corm. Y 693 . [g]no[e] .i. airdirc nó aibind, O'Dav. 1023 . gnaoi .i. aoibhinn, O'Cl. i mbith gnóu (gnó, gnoe, gnae, v.ll.) in the beautiful world, Imr. Brain i § 51 . i tig Garbhāin bid gnōe , Corm. Y 661 . fo bafis gnae no aibind according to the pleasant or delightful knowledge, Laws iv 18.6 Comm. Cf. iii 24.23 Comm. comal ngnaoi (chev.), TFrag. 48.9 . go mór-ghnaoi, Keat. i 114.23 . Used esp. of rare or exotic objects: cnó gnóe 'tropical drift seed, particularly that of Entada gigas (?)' FS Gillies 211-15 . Included among `gaillite tacair,' Laws v 220.23 Comm. Cf. ib. 406.22 , 25 ; 408.12 . Corm. Y 693 . O'Dav. 539 . fiacail gnaei, Laws v 250.4 (gl. .i. fiacail in mil moir, 14 ); 'ivory tusk of the narwhal (?)' Peritia xii 408 .

(b) illustrious, noteworthy (?): [g]no[e] .i. airdirc, O'Dav. 1023 ; gno .i. airrdric, Lec. Gl. 31 . gnó .i. oirdheirc, O'Cl.

n II , f. gnaí fem., IGT Decl. §§ 98 , 99 .

(a) beauty, delightfulness; charm (?) : fil fid fo mess i mbí gnóe , Imr. Brain i § 42 . tre bithu gnoe `through beautiful ages' (or a p. of adj. ?), § 6 . ro ás gnóe móir in n-ingin, LU 3161 ( RC ii 88.24 ). dá ṡúil in Grégaig co ngnái, Anecd. i 36 § 90 . tria gáine ngnó `through delight of her beauty,' Metr. Dinds. iii 8.1 . co sáer-gnó `noble of mien,' 270.18 (but see glossary). co mór-gnaí, iv 1884.42 . fo gnoí (gne, gnai v.ll.) glain, 76.3 . Cuan Baoi ... | fá ghnaoi fhairsing fhíonchabhlaigh. Top. Poems² 1284 . m'eich-si ... is ferrdi a n-gnai, MR 82.12 . na slatuibh uile ar aonghnaoi' scions all alike in grace,' Arch. Hib. i 90 § v . ar ghnaoi ghréasa, Studies 1923, 422 § 5 . chugad ... is breághtha dath agus gnaoi, Oss. iv 24.6 . fer coimhéid do ghnaí Geróid guardian of G.'s charm (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1011 ; 749 . pl. Gormlaith na ngnaí ṅgnáth of the well-known attractions (?), LL 141a39 . In modern poets passes from meaning `beauty of countenance' to `countenance,' see Dinneen s.v. gnaoi .

(b) delight, pleasure: eter gnai ┐ glór is gen, AU ii 520.16 (an. 1365) . atā colum ... ālaind | againd ... mōidi ar ngnāi, ACL iii 242 § 10 . más gnaoi leat d'fhághail if thou desirest to get it, Oss. iv 74.4 . fuair gnaoi ní gnaoi as nar theannta `she hath won love to be relied on,' DDána 99 § 11 . ní dona mnáibh glioca amháin | dobheirim fós grádh nó gnaoi, Dánta Gr. xxxvi 42.

(c) distinction, fame: Mugna moo gnoe .i. moo báiscnib `greatest of all noteworthy things,' Dinds. 34 ( RC xv ). dofhuair gnai ... go mblad, MacCarthy 310 § 4 . mairidh gnaoi an glaicleabair gloin | on Traoi taitnemaigh tredaig (of Alexander), ZCP ii 350.29 . roleath a ngnai sund gu sal | fria foglaim gaiscidh, BB 19b32 . téid gnaoi don fhlaith as a los the chief's honour by it is forfeited, A. Ó Dálaigh l 9 . méaraidh a ghlóir is a ghnaoi, Dán Dé xxvi 40 . béim dá ghnaoi `a reproach to his fame,' Content. xxiv 19.

(d) knowledge, information (?): finta dún | ... ol at eōla ecna uill, | ol at cana gnoe grind, LL 7406.

(e) As npr m. Gnoe mac Blai, Rawl. 160a29 . mac Gnai meic Meic Eirc, BB 196c18 .

gnoíech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnoíech or dil.ie/26255

adj ( gnóe ) o,ā comely, charming: ben ghnóiech, Cóir Anm. § 133 . ingean gnaitheach, BB 18b39 . See also gnóach.

gríanda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gríanda or dil.ie/26636

adj (grían) io,iā relating to the sun; sunny, brilliant: cu cenn cicuil griendi `to the end of the solar cycle,' BCr. 32c7 . is gnoe grianna gelfini, LU 8905 ( FB 68 ). lasin suidi n-gríanda, LU 3892 ( SCC 40 ). grīanda loingsech (applied to Colum C.), ZCP viii 198 § 19 . amal rind ngrianta `like a brilliant star,' Todd Lect. vi 67.10 . comba lasamna in la lasna ruithnib grianda, D IV 2, 75rb29 . grianmhuine ... .i. an ni as grianda bhios isin muine, O'Cl. labra grianda nach glan `brilliant words that are not clear,' O'Gr. Cat. 555.25 . a stuaigh ghéiggealtais ghrianda, Dánta Gr. 16.40 .

imbuil?:

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imbuil?: or dil.ie/27323

ind gnoe imbuil cerdach, O'Dav. 1023.

mí-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mí- or dil.ie/32121
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: míochoingiolla, mmíchomlabrai, mignímu, mí-imberta, miarlig, mibésaig, micerdaigh, miceirdighi, míchlodcha, michlothaigfetar, michlothaigthi, míchóirighthe, miochóruighedh, mídúthrastar, mignethi, mi-tn-imret, nómíonoraigeadh, mitomnadar

pejorative particle, possibly (as suggested by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 10 , cf. Wortk. § 9 ) orig. a compar. mis ` less ', akin to second syll. of Lat. nimis, a view supported by the compds. miscais `hatred' (<cais `love'), misimbert (see mí-imbert below) and perhaps misceird `evil step' (?), O'Dav. 392. In O. and earlier Mid.Ir. always pejorative, often opposed to compds. with caín-; in later lang. often a mere negative. Used in composition with (I) nouns, (II) adjs. derived from nouns or participial, (III) occasionally with vbs.; often used in etymol. glosses, e.g. milliud quasi mí-shilliud .i. drochshilliud, Corm. Y 858. The follg. list is illustrative only.

I Nouns: ¤accobar m. evil desire , Mon. Tall. § 62. ¤aided m. an evil fate, death: i mi-oidhedh .i. in drochbhas, Leb. Gab.(i) i 108 n. 6 . ¤ailges m. aversion, loathing: mi-ailgis bīdh, Rosa Angl. 270.23 ; 84.4 . ¤airde an evil token: mi-airdi, CCath. 967. ¤airilliud m. ill desert , Ml. 31c5 . todernama . . . ar a mmi-araltib, LU 2750 ( RC xxv 254.17 ). ¤airlabra evil-speaking, bad language: fer mí-urrlabra, CF 456. ¤airle evil counsel , Triads 243. tosach mi-arle malarta, Anecd. iii 16.22 . la mi-airle an áesa feigh, AFM vi 2208.22 . ¤airlech m. slaughtering: oc m. a chéile, TTr.² 1301. ¤airlégend f. a bad (false) reading: tria mi-erleginn, Hib. Min. 9.312 . ¤airmisme f. failing to hit the mark; incoherence: re mi-urmisme briathar (of a drunken man), O'Gr. Cat. 215.21. ¤altar m. bad fosterage , Laws i 168.1 . cen mialtur, ii 164.17 . ¤altram m. ill nurture: féth meic mi-altromma, MacCongl. 93.26 . ¤áradu evil plight: mí-aradha, BNnÉ 305 § 23 (= drochdhíol, St.). meiridhin .i. mi-aradha ` mis-disposal (?)', O'Dav. 1269. ¤aslach n. g s. in mí-aslaig (gl. malae persuasionis), Ml. 28b7 . ¤bal: míobhal .i. drochbhail, O'Cl. cen meirg ┐ cen m. `without obscurity', Metr. Dinds. iii 150.2 ; 224.24 . fo mibail ` ruin ', iv 178.5 . cóir . . . sás Murchaidh go míballa `that M.'s contriving should have unhappy issue', Caithr. Thoirdh. 69.26 . ¤bés m. evil custom or habit: in m. ┐ in mí-chostud sain, LL 231b7 ( TTr. 1048 ). don mnai co mmíbés, 210a58 . ar iumad . . . a míbes, LB 150a57 . ina míbesaib, PH 6949. cosc meirle ┐ mibés, AFM iv 1052.3 . ¤blas m.: fer míblais `of bad manners', CF 456. ¤bolad m. evil odour: do brentaid ┐ míboladh, CCath. 3484. ¤briathar f.: ro forfacaib-seom na mibriathra-sa dhoibh (i.e. curse), BB 266b26 . ¤chádus m. irreverence, disrespect: bannaomh dá dtugadar míochádhas, Keat. iii 865. a tibhraid do micadhus do cellaib ┐ d'ecclusaib, BCC § 127. ¤chatu m. disrespect, disesteem: michatu cuirp, cátu anman, LL 371c40 . micata ar in olaind `the wool is undervalued', Laws v 80.24 Comm. ina cataid coir . . . ina michataid, 392.21 . ¤chélmaine n. and m. evil prediction, augury: intíí doroine in michelmaine, LB 153a14 . ro thirchan mor do micelmaine, BDD 63 St. MR 22.10 . ¤chenél n. and m.: tre burba is tre mícheinél degeneracy of race (?), ZCP xiii 9.12 . Med. of wounds referring to festering, turning septic (?): ceirin ann so bacas don cneid dul a fedanaib linnidan ┐ a rithe ┐ ar micinel fliuch, Irish Texts v 10 § 19 . ar cnedaib teid a michinel, Irish Texts v 11.4 . ¤cheol n. and m. discordant music: ind miceol ro chansatt, RC xiii 6.8 . ¤chert wrong: (as pred.) is m.¤ in modh, Forus Foc. 21. ní bhfuil Dia micheart unjust , Luc. Fid. 223.11 . ¤chétfaid ill-will, grudge: mícheadfadh na bh Philistíneach, 1 Sam. xxix 7 . Jerem. x 10 . ¤chiall f. senselessness, folly , ACL iii 238 § 12. CCath. 5592. ar michēll wildly, at random , Metr. Dinds. iii 362. mar nech ar mícéill one out of his senses, RC xix 44 § 57. roba mer miceill (of a combat), CCath. 6010. gan miceill ` ravings ', Rosa Angl. 198.5 . ¤chinnemain f. evil destiny: in mhicheinneamain, Fl. Earls 34.13 . do bithin michinnemhna d'eirghi do na tigernaigibh, 26.8 . ¤chiúnas m. disquiet, trouble: a míciunass an tsaeghail-se, BCC § 248. ag léiccen an michiúnuis sin cuice, § 231 . ¤chlú n. and m. ill fame, evil report: ráinig míochlú an uilc sin fá Éirinn, Keat. iii 2132. ar miclú . . . ar ndeaghclú, ZCP xiii 181.31 . ¤cheomna: carthain caemna, miscais míchæmna bad cheer, MacCongl. 93.26 . ¤choingell m. breach of covenant, ill faith: feall . . . ┐ mícoingeall, IT ii2 137.1 . michoingell do denamh . . . ar mac nD., AFM iii 524.1 . in fer dorinne in míchongill air a thigherna, AU iii 600.19 . pl. míochoingiolla , Jerem. xiv 7. ¤chomairle f. evil counsel: micomuirle, Ériu v 120.6 . ¤chomall m. non-fulfilment or breach of promise: do mícomhull . . . a ceneoil, CCath. 1646. tria míchomhall a mbréithre, AFM ii 1176.15 . ¤chomlabra f. pl. inna mmíchomlabrai (gl. maleloquia), Ml. 61b26 . ¤chonách m. misfortune, ill-luck , CCath. 2718.

¤chor m.

(a) a bad throw, a miss: tarlaic D. . . . don tṡleig míled cen m. | urchur, Metr. Dinds. iii 134.

(b) legal term, an illegal or invalid contract (distinguished from dochor a disadvantageous contract), ZCP xiv 373 § 35. ma damut a micuru if they acknowledge their bad contracts, Laws ii 286.12 .

¤choscar m. defeat: MR 170.22 . i maidhm míochosccair, AFM iv 1064.22 . ¤chostud m. ill-behaviour, turbulence: in míbés ┐ in michostud, LL 231b7 . mór an t-anḟeth ┐ in michostadh ro boí 'sin Trói, TTr.² 1901. ro ghabh for miochostadh mór friss an bhfhilidh, AFM iii 178. 16 . ¤chrábad m. impiety: lucht míochrabhaidh, Dán Dé xxviii 1. ¤chride n. an evil heart; rancour: ni errachtatar lind . . . ferga na michride, Alex. 896. ¤chuimne f. an evil recollection: míchumne spiride, Mon. Tall. § 88. Forgetfulness: dermad nó mícuimne, O'Gr. Cat. 307.18. ¤chuit f. a bad share, an inferior portion: an mhíochuid, Content. xiii 23. ¤chuitiugad m.: lucht . . . michuidighthe maithesa opponents of goodness, AFM v 1850.2 . ¤chumtach m. misconstructing; (fig.) dismaying: do meath ┐ do michumdach midlach, MR 230.22 . ¤f. evil smoke: is mídé dūn in tene-si, RC xv 297 ( Dinds. 7 ), cf. Metr. Dinds. ii 44.3 . midhe .i. droichtheine, O'Cl. ¤delb f. ill appearance, ill looks: rachondaic C. mídelb ┐ míthemel bar Fer D., TBC-LL¹ 3651. midealb fuirri (= male formata est), Auraic. 473. ¤dénam m. evil-doing: trí mídenum frium, Ml. 71b9 . ar ná dernat mídénom isin tig, BDD 94. Not doing (= nem-d.): ic denum uilc ┐ ic midenum mathusa, BB 239a6 . Bad shape, form; ill appearance ? ag cesacht ormsa am mhídheilbh ┐ a[m] midhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 531 n. 1 . ¤dend bad colour: gnúis credhbhás mídhend . . . iar n-éccaibh, AFM i 562.10 . mídhionn .i. droch-lí, O'Cl. ¤derc f. an evil eye (glance): ni uil cola nā adaltrais nā mídherca lustful glances (?), BB 498b4 = IT ii2 105 . ¤desimrecht f. an evil example: arna rogabthar midesmrecht díb, Ml. 30d13 . mídesmerecht, Ériu ii 208.9 . ¤diach f. evil fate; ill-treatment: for ar himredh midhiach, CCath. 6024. Caithr. Thoirdh. 68.12 . AFM v 1676.14 . milleadh ┐ mídhiach na mainistrech, vi 1926.9 . mi-dingmaltacht 'unworthiness', 3 B 22 109a21 . ¤dóchus m. evil anticipations; distrust: an míodhóchas do bhí aige asta the suspicions he had entertained of them, Eochairsg. 115.10 . co ndechadh se a midóchus air lost faith in him, BCC § 297. docuatar a midochus nach fedfidis imtecht, § 295 . comartha midochuis a hopeless sign (of illness), Rosa Angl. 276.25 . midhocus as trocuire Dia despair of God's mercy, Études Celt. i 78.18 . ¤dóig f. want of hope, despair: míodhóigh a méad mo cheana, Dán Dé xxi 10. xiv 11 . ¤dúthracht f. (vn. of mí-dúthracair) an ill wish; ill will, malevolence: Wb. 20b12 . Ml. 49a18 a. pl. inna miduthrachta (gl. male vota), 61b27 . do mídúthrachtaib demnae, Hy. iii 6. bai miscais ┐ miduthracht oc cach dia cheile, Ériu vii 177.6 . CCath. 252. ¤écht m. a misdeed: miecht mór, BDD 33 App. ¤enech n. dishonour; inhospitality: ma doronais mo mi-eineach, Anecd. ii 78 § 5. muca mieinigh, 62.15 , cf. 63.2 . ¤érchlos evil report (?), Ml. 22b1 . ¤fácbál f. leaving (animals) unguarded or in danger? ar mifagbail (.i. ar in drochfagbail iter conu ┐ gatuide), Laws ii 56.19 . ¤fáilte f. an ill welcome: ferait mifáelti fris, LU 1391. ¤fiach m.: mífíacha .i. fiach brégi fictitious debts (?), O'Dav. 941. ¤fis mistake, delusion: ba m. .i. ba hanfis, Dinds. 51 ( RC xv 466 ). ¤focal m. an evil word: mifocul mna di araile, Laws i 146.32 . atmait meicc mifhoccuil, MacCongl. 17.15 (? n p.). A word of ill omen: is mifocal dūn, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 88.17) . As quasi-vn.: bator na druid ic m.¤ ┐ ic micelmaine dó, RC xxi 154. ¤foclad m. evil speaking, bad news: dobreth a mifhoclad do Ch., LL 119a16 ( RC xii 175 ). Reviling: feccaid in fili fora mifoclad in gilla, YBL 127a39 . Of prophesying evil : ro-bātor trā na druīd ic mīfhocladh ┐ ic mīchēlmaine 'the druids were prophesying evil and uttering ill-omens', BDC 106.48 . gabais for mīchēlmoine dint slúag ┐ for mīfhoclad 'began prophesying evil to the host and uttering ill omens', BDC 118.239 . ¤folad m. an illegal or unjust proceeding (Laws): mana tairiset a mignima nach a mifolaid ` disqualifications ', Laws ii 328.12 (`widerrechtliches Gehaben', Thurn. ZCP xiv 389 § 55 ). cadead mifolai[dh] daortha eclasa? Nī. beth gan bathais, cin comna, etc., Nero A vii fo. 133a ( O'D. 2190 ). Hence in general a wrong, grievance (generally in pl.): a mífholtae his misdeeds, RC xii 62 § 24 ; 'failure on his part to discharge his obligations' Peritia v 149 . do mifoltæ (.i. do mignim), Ériu viii 173.15 , cf. 174.15 . bá mór a mhioḟolta somh fri Cenel C. his grievances against (?), AFM vi 1930.7 . ro-chuimnigh a mhifolta fodhein fri Gallaibh, Hugh Roe fo. 16a . ¤fortacht f. bad help, a hindrance: ni furtacht . . . acht is mifurtacht, TBC-LL¹ 4665. ¤gairm n.: dá mígairm míthocaid `two ominous cries of ill luck', Triads 124. ¤gaisced m. cowardice: ni ḟetamar . . . comairli mettachta nā mígascid, LL 264b1 = MU 18.18 . MR 232.16 . ¤gné n. and f.: dorat m. d'ar menmain an evil mood, Metr. Dinds. ii 44. co m. moir fair in sorry plight, ZCP vi 44.22 . ¤gním m. an evil deed, misdeed: a p. inna mignímu (gl. malefacta), Ml. 138b5 . slán cach mairnes mignímu who informs of misdeeds, O'Dav. 1272. dilig dam mo mígnima, SR 7816. nos-millet ina mígnimaib, FA 29. dorinne míghníomh re n-a giolla féin misconducted herself, Keat. i 158 z . ¤ gnóe ill favour, dislike? buidhne Bretan gan míognáoi, BNnÉ 214 § 84. diomdha is míoghnaoi fear bhfuinidh ` disfavour ', Content. xvi 195.1 . ¤grád n. dislike, aversion: cen mígrad fri nech, LB 261b14 . CCath. 2462.2 . ¤grád n. low rank or status: migradh for aes ndaer . . . ┐ daeini saera ina cataid coir, Laws v 392.23 Comm. ¤iartaige evil result, consequences: etir fhognam ┐ m. (i.e. serving false gods and the ill results thereof), Alex. 907.

¤imbert f. (vn. of mí-imbeir)

(a) playing false, deceiving: issi in m. asbeir (gl. imperitos decipiunt), Ml. 17c6 . do mí-imbirt, gl. ad decipiendum, 32a8 . ho mí-imbirt .i. ho thogais, 38a13 . do mi-imbirt críde na ṅdoíne n-amairsech, PH 1853.

(b) maltreating, injuring: in mí-imeirt dorónad ann .i. mac rige nime do crochad, PH 3311. g s. (as masc.) adaig in mí-imberta móir (i.e. the Crucifixion), LB 142a24 . fear millte ┐ mi-imbeartha Gall, AFM iv 914.5 . lá faicsin na mi-imberta dobretha for a corp, vi 2372.3 . Cf. misimbert.

¤imrádud m. evil meditation, ill thoughts: in mí-imradud, Ml. 79a5 . Mon. Tall. § 62. min-choibsena do mí-imratib, Rule of Tallaght § 16. ¤indithem evil intent: a mí-innithim for araile, CCath. 255. an mí-innethem baoi oca suidhe doib, Leb. Gab.(i) i 236.9 . ¤laechas m. unwarlike behaviour, cowardice: milaochas do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ 3160 St. nir bhó bás íar mílaochas, ALC i 426.12 . ¤laechdacht f. id. milaochdacht, TBC-LL¹ 3157 (St.). mílaechacht, IT ii2 135 n. 11 . ¤lepaid f.: g s. (as attrib.) míleptha ` bedless ', O'Dav. 1150. ¤lind f. ? g s. (as attrib.) co fúair mandir mílinde met the ring of battle in evil hour, Metr. Dinds. iii 276.4 . ¤maise f. disfigurement: mimaisi (gl. dedecor), Ir. Gl. 1103. dobudh mo a maisi dhó inā mhímhaisi it was more of a beauty than a disfigurement to him, ZCP x 285.22 . ¤mana an evil omen , Duan. F. i 86.22 . ¤méin ( ¤mian) f. evil desire, disposition: cumann míméine an illicit attachment, Keat. iii 4977. ar mhothughadh a mhimhéine, TSh. 2110. Dejection (?): an mhímhéin ar m'aire, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 14. ¤meisnech m. discouragement: meatacht ┐ mímheisnech, Keat. iii 2858. adhbhar mímheisnigh, TSh. 8519. Deuter. i 21. ¤menma dejection: as é sin . . . do mhédaigh mo mhímhenma, Ériu v 198.619 . re hegla ┐ mimenmoin mhoir, Aisl. Tond. 122.2 . ¤mes misjudgement, mistake: co finnamar cen m., Anecd. ii 34.21 . asbert an ben . . . ni bo mimes, a ainm dileas for cach, i 62 § 100 . Disesteem, disrepute: gairm cen m., Metr. Dinds. iii 2. Dóach Móelchend mímis `of ill fame ', 302 . dochóidh an ghabhail sin . . . a m. ┐ a míonóir do Dhiarmait brought loss of esteem and honour to D., AFM vi 2174.3 . ní mímheas ar máthair nDé | gan mé im bráthair dhíleas dí no reproach to, PBocht 52 § 5. atá se . . . ar n-a mhímheas ag na daoinibh rejected of men, Isaiah liii 3. ¤mír n. a bad or dangerous morsel (of food): mimir do cor do coin (.i. da promad . . . .i. froma uptha), Laws i 176.4 , 180 . ¤mod dishonour, reproach: go tuc sé mímogh ┐ scandail mor dó, BCC § 122. ar fhuilingis . . . do mhasla ┐ mhímhodh, Mac Aingil 45.15 . ¤muinteras m. unfriendliness, hostility: mothucchadh míomhuinnterais ┐ airrdhe essaonta, AFM vi 2096.9 . ¤náire f. shamelessness: fri mnai mir co mínaire, LL 386a49 . ¤nert m. debility , O'Gr. Cat. 504.36. ¤óg f. an unchaste woman: 'na mío-óigh mhnaoi, IGT Decl. ex. 1310. ¤onóir f. dishonour , AFM vi 2174.3 . an mhioghonoir donither d'a n-iomhaighthibh, Luc. Fid. 215.7 . ¤phairt f. disfavour, dislike: ge tām ag tuar do miphairte in danger of incurring thy disfavour (?), ZCP xii 383.24 = ag túr do mhíopháirte `profiting by thy foes' (?), Dán Dé xvi 7. ¤rand f. a bad share; an evil lot (?): dom mac . . . bias for miroind meraighthi eter drongu derbhfhine, LL 386b3 . ¤rath m. bad luck, ill fortune , MacCongl. 13.17 . ar derchaine ar mirath, LL 360 marg. sin. mac míraith, Acall. 1884. MR 300.10 . gorta mór . . . is iomad míoratha, Keat. ii 3724. ¤riagail f. a breach of rule, transgression: miriaghuil, Proverbs xix 11. ¤rian an evil course: ba chóir . . . nár mhian leat mo mhírian, Oss. vi 184.8 . ¤riar f. (later ¤réir) disobeying, not complying with (the wishes of), with obj. gen.: is mairg duit mo mhíriar, Oss. vi 186.12 . muna ndearnaid mo mhíréir-si if they do not disobey me, ITS xvi 82.20 . míréir Chiaráin do dhéanamh, Keat. iii 833. gan míréir do neach without opposing any one, Hackett xl 29. ¤rogu an evil choice: is míraghu a denamh anocht, ZCP viii 551.27 .

¤rún m.

(a) an evil secret, mystery? topur . . . asa maided cech m. `every kind of mysterious evil', Metr. Dinds. iii 28. a chartad . . . ind eich móir cosin m. `the great horse of magic power', iv 66 .

(b) evil intent; ill will, malice: ba forréil m. ┐ miscais forru, LL 244a8 ( TTr. 2023 ). do mhair miorún an righ do Maodhócc, BNnÉ 225 § 123. ro mothaigius a mírún umum their ill will to me, ZCP xiii 209.12 . ag meabhrughadh míorúin ┐ mailíse, TSh. 3042.

¤scél n. and m. an evil report; bad tidings: in lucht tuc in miscel leo (of the ten spies), LB 123b24 . mifocul ┐ misgel (= calumny), Laws i 56.3 Comm. athgabail fir misciu[i]l `a man by whom a calumnious story has been circulated', 194.22 . iar n-indill in mísceóil after telling the evil news, MS. Mat. 474.34 . iar mísceol, IT iii 52.8 . ¤scíam m. ugliness: ar bhfaicsin mísgéimh na mná, Oss. vi 90. ¤scribend bad writing, mistakes in writing or copying? míscribend do gne eolais | do lucht uilc in aneolais | nó lucht ind eolais ní ferr | gníit ar múin miscribend, LL 144a28 . mo dhamh [= dhú] míscribinn `the place in which I scribble', O'Gr. Cat. 120.6 (scribe's note). ¤shén m. ill-luck: ar uair mishein, Études Celt. i 79.28 . ¤spéis f.: is mor mo mīsbēis dejection (?), ZCP viii 230 § 14. ¤stuaim f. want of sense, ability: ma dorindetar misdúaim `if they had acted imprudently', BCC § 220. is eslainte ┐ as misduaim an arrsaidhecht, § 67 . ¤thaeb mistrust : tug siad dōthchas ar mhī[o]thaobh, Celtica iv 109 § 9 . ¤thaem m. an evil fit, paroxysm, turn: feall ┐ meabal ┐ mítháem do denum air ` guile' (?), Fianaig. 70.5 . fóir mo mhíothaoma!, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 7 . i muirt na míothaom ┐ na mór-olc, TSh. 6637. crádh liom do gheimhliughadh daor | 's gan tadhall dhuit ar mhíthaom, MS. Mat. 567.18 . ¤thaitnem m. displeasure: míothaithnemh, Triads p. 40 § 172. Psalms vi 1. eagla na feirge . . . ┐ an miothaitnidh [sic] móir, Deuter. ix 19. ¤thapad m. mishap, accident: tre dhrochfhortúin nó míothapadh, Mac Aingil 288.4 . duine do mharbhadh dhuine oile le míothapad, Luc. Fid. 104.13 . ¤theist f., ill-repute: MR 314.19 . drochbhaladh mítheasta, TSh. 1732. pl. a mítheasta . . . i mbéalaibh na druinge, 9530 . ¤themel m. gloom: rachondairc C. m. mór bar Fer D., TBC-LL¹ 3651. ¤thocad m. misfortune, ill luck , Triads 109. ¤thoimtiu f. a false opinion: ni mithoimtiu dúib-si, is fírbriathar Dé, Wb. 24d22 . Suspicion: ro ghabhsat Goill miothoimhdin mhóir don Iarla, AFM v 1858.5 . mithoimhdin do thabhairt dó to suspect him, Hugh Roe f. 14a . ¤thol f. evil will or inclination: g s. inna mmithule (gl. malae voluntatis), Ml. 33d3 . gresacht . . . elscot[h]achda ┐ mitholi, Alex. 871. toil a chuirp ga sirdenam | ┐ mithoil na hanma, LB 41 marg. inf. Unwillingness: do mhithoil righ Sassan against the will of, JRSAI ii 336.31 . ¤thorad m. evil fruit: crann cain co mithorud, ZCP vi 267 § 2. ¤thorbae ill-profit, unprofitableness: is mitharba lend cach main . . . it' ingnais, RC xiv 400 § 4 . teid sin a ndimhaoiness ┐ a mitharba, Fl. Earls 24.3 . ¤thormach decrease: gl. incrementum (misunderstood as = decrementum), Ir. Gl. 756. ¤thrócaire f. mercilessness: an mhíothrócaire ┐ an cruadháil, TSh. 4392. lucht na míthrócaire, BCC § 138. ¤thurus (<tururas?) an evil foreboding or omen: bui gráin mór foraib . . . ┐ míthauraras, BDD 63 (= mithaurassa, YBL, miturusa, Eg.). batár iarsain na mithaurússa (.i. drochmenmand) imómna foraib, § 36 . bátar míthurussa imda fair, FB 84. batar mithurusa ┐ dorchraiti . . . occo, YBL 180b1 = SG 253.5 . miturusa móra ┐ airrdhe aighthidhe, CCath. 4772. míothurusa .i. drochfhaistine, O'Cl. Cf. comthururas (gl. incursus), Ml. 56a22 , 24 .

II Adjs. (chiefly those formed from nouns): ¤accobrach having evil desires: in míocoburach, PH 87. ¤adbal: ingen magrúin míadbail `of evil power', Metr. Dinds. iii 136.32 .

¤airlech giving evil counsels (? ill-advised): a s f. ni thuca in miarlig míepertaig, LL 346a17 .

¤bésach of evil behaviour: a s f. ni thuca in lithig mibésaig , ZCP viii 113.2 . meirligh mibhésacha, AFM v 168.16 . do pecthaibh míbhésacha, Études Celt. i 83.15 . ¤bladach of ill fame , ZCP vii 298.25 . ¤briathrach scurrilous: do mnai meblaig míbriathraig, TTebe 2235 . ¤cherdach plying an evil trade or calling: v s m. a muidh micerdaigh base hireling, ZCP vi 282.11 . g s f. do mian na merdrighi miceirdighi , 276.19 . ¤chétfadach: in duine . . . bhiss míchédfadach da dhedoibrightibh unconscious of , Études Celt. i 78.7 . ¤chiallmar not in one's proper senses: co mbat mesca miciallmair, BB 255a45 . ¤chlothach infamous: a p f. míchlodcha (gl. nefarias), Ml. 134b4 . ¤chlúach ill-famed: sech cairrgib michluacha Sciroin, TTebe 255 . ¤chlúmar id.: miclemar [sic], gl. difamosus, Ir. Gl. 656. Cf. míochlúiteach, Ezekiel xxxvi 3. ¤choingellach: Israel míochoingiollach backsliding , Jerem. iii 6. ¤chomairlech: Média m. full of evil counsels (? designs), LL 220b48 = TTr. 275. ¤chorach: is foglaid selba cach micorach `he . . . who makes a bad contract', Laws i 202.4 . do cinn cach meamuir micoruigh, ii 290.21 , cf. O'Dav. 950. ¤chráibtech impious , ZCP x 338 § 2. ¤chreitmech unbelieving, infidel: go ttiocfattis mórán dona míchreidmechaib dochum creidme, BNnÉ 232 § 145 . go hainffesach michreidmeach, Fl. Earls 112.30 . ¤chruthaigthe misshapen: gl. informis, Sg. 5a7 . ¤chuimnech forgetful: micuimneach, gl. immemor, Ir. Gl. 1111. ¤chumachtach: denaib michumachtgib, gl. male potentibus, Ml. 29a9 . ¤dánach (dán `destiny') ill-fated, unlucky: gus in Mairt mallachtaig midhánaig, MR 110.17 . ¤demonnach devilish: Pluton mebhlach midhæmunnach, RC x 180.21 . ¤dingbála (g s. as adj.) unworthy: midingbala, gl. indignus, Ir. Gl. 669. me . . . am' serbfhogantaid midhingbala, BCC § 65. ¤dóchusach hopeless, despairing: midhochusach, Fl. Earls 134.22 . ¤échtach incapable of brave exploits: bid . . . meirtnech . . . miechtach bethir for fúait na Greci, LL 234a36 = TTr. 1279. ¤epertach given to evil speaking ? see mí-airlech above. ¤ḟoclach foul-mouthed, scurrilous: eachlach mifoclach, YBL 177a37 . ¤ḟoltach wanting proper qualifications (leg. term): urgnuma in mifoltaig `the service of the unqualified' (oppd. to sofoltach), Laws ii 366.12 , cf. 394.12 . ¤gaelmar unkinsmanlike: Mac M. . . . do mharbhadh go míoghaolmhar lá a dearbrathair, AFM v 1726.15 ; 1326.7 . ¤gnéech of evil or pitiable aspect: cleireach bocht mighneach, BNnÉ 165 § 36. [aghaidh] teimlighthi mignéthech, ITS xvi 66.9 . ¤labartha, -ch ill-speaking: go míolabhartha, TSh. 3039. an béul míolabharthach, Proverbs viii 13. cona trichait cath mbaitel . . . milabartacha (barbarisch redende Schlachthaufen, Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 5592 St. Windisch, TBC-LL¹ p. 808 n. 7 , would assign to this word bilaburthach, PH 8181. ¤laechda unwarlike, craven: meatta míolaochdha, TSh. 7332. ¤láthair `without strength', Ériu v 80.16 . ¤lesaigthe ill-cared, ill-nourished: mílesaigthi, O'Dav. 1150. fo múich milessaigt[h]i `under the vapours of bad feeding', MacCongl. 93. 20 , is prob. g s. of vn. ¤mesarda immoderate: drochaer mimessardha anffallain, Fl. Earls 240.17 . ¤nádurda unnatural: pecadh mínádur[dh]a na fer ┐ na mban, Maund. § 92 . gluasacht minadurtha, ITS xiv 110.10 . Luc. Fid. 42.13 . ¤náirech shameless: le gnúis mhíonáirigh, Proverbs vii 13. ¤ordamail irregular, inordinate : bith a fis agaib gurob du dona feraib ┐ dona mnaib ... gan beith miordamail a mbiad no a ndig, Irish Texts v 60 § 43 . ¤órduigthe inordinate : fonn mí-órduighthe, Celtica i 191.1002 , cf. 192 .1007, 192.1016 . ¤rathmar graceless; unlucky, inauspicious: Leaburcam . . . mirathmar mallachtach, BB 257b29 . gabhal mhirathmhar mhara lan do piastaibh, Ériu iii 164 § 20. 'san maidin mhiorathmhair sin, ML 142.15 . ¤réid not smooth, rugged: as subst. a rough or uneven place: a muigib ┐ a miredib na Bethile, LB 133a5 . ¤rúnach ill-intentioned, malicious , Ériu v 164.23 . misccnech míorúnach, AFM vi 2324.9 . teagasg míorúnach, ML 118.6 . ¤scíamach unsightly, hideous: ech m., SG 260.14 . mísgiamach (= ignominiosum), O'Gr. Cat. 216.35. ¤snímach anxious, distressful: sgrech aduathmur mishnimach, ZCP vi 64.18 . ¤stuamda: drochduine misduama miglic ` reckless ', BCC § 287 , cf. mí-stuaim. ¤thaemach troubled, uneasy: i mainnir mhíothaomaigh an domhain, TSh. 2711. ¤thaemannach (variant of preceding?): merdreach mailisech míthæmannach ` unhappy ', ZCP vi 275.17 . in ríghain mhalísech mhíthaomnach, ZCP xxxiii 135 § 23 . ¤thesta ill-attested: do scríobh go meardhána mítheasta without evidence, Keat. i 10.23 . ¤thestach of evil report, infamous: is mítheastach a gcéime (= infames gressus eorum), TSh. 1473. ¤thoicthenach unfortunate : de infortunio iure (causari) .i. den dligud mithoicthenach 'about the unfortunate law' Ériu lv 8 . ¤thoimtenach: ni pá mithomtinach o neoch be not ready to think evil of others (?), SCC 26. in clann colach ┐ na maic mitoimdenacha evil-minded (?), D IV 2, 45va11 . ¤thoiscid ill-provided, lacking necessaries , O'Dav. 1150. ¤threbar imprudent, foolish: a giolla mitreabair!, ZCP i 137.6 . ¤threorach weak, inefficient: mílid m., ZCP xiii 204.11 . Compar. gurab boichte mítreoraighe é ina an té da mbenann a chuid, Ó Héodhusa 174.13 . ¤thrócar merciless: in triar ridiri . . . do marbudh co mitrocar, ZCP vi 35.29 . ¤thrócairech merciless: don druing mhíothrócairigh, TSh. 4684. Failing to obtain mercy, doomed: anam miotrocairech ` hapless ', BNnÉ 66 § 102 . ¤thuicsech inconsiderate, foolish: uaibhrecht m., RC xxiii 10.3 . co bfedain mearda miothuiccsigh ` merciless' (?), AFM v 1696.12 . ¤thuicside id.: a amadáin mhituicside!, RC xix 134 § 106.

III Verbs. mí-aipir (ess-ber-): ní m. (gl. non mala dicit), Ml. 56d16 . ¤airlither counsels ill: is besad do cach graig . . . hi toin mna mi-s-r-airlestair who has misled them, TBC-I¹ 3648. ¤chiallaid: do miciallad e do briathraib serba his senses were confused(?), ZCP x 307.15 . ¤chiallaigid (intrans.): do mhichialluigh sí dhá ttaoibh she doted upon them, Ezekiel xxiii 16. ¤chlothaigid defames: pass. fut. ní michlothaigfetar (gl. defamabuntur), Ml. 143c3 . part. michlothaigthi (gl. infaustos), Sg. 34b1 . ¤choimétaid keeps (observes) ill: michoimétaid ar saboti-ne profanes , PH 2587. ¤chóraigid ( ¤chóirigid) disorders, throws into confusion, mishandles, maltreats: marbhaid ┐ míochóirighid a mhuinntear, TSh. 1083. part. gur bho malartach . . . míchóirighthe in cúigedh disordered , Ériu viii 134.32 . vn. do ghabh ag[a] marbadh ┐ aga miochóruighedh , RC xxix 126 § 32. do chonncadar . . . an chríoch i mbaoghal a millte is a míochóirighthe, Keat. iii 5112. ¤dúil(ig)id dislikes, loathes: míodhúiligh an t-anam bhíos lán an chriathar meala, Proverbs xxvii 7.

¤duthracair (dep.) wishes ill (to): 3 s. fut. ar cech ṅduine mídúthrastar dam, Thes. ii 356.19 ( Hy. vii ); (midústhrastar, -dúthracair, -duthracur MSS.).

¤gní does ill: part. (as subst.) mignethi, gl. malefacta, Ml. 28c20 .

¤imbeir plays false, deceives: subj. pr. 3 p. mi-tn-imret (gl. decipere), Ml. 74b22 . intí mí-imerthar ón bethaid daenna (= qui . . . decipitur), PH 4657.

¤láithrigid: do bhog ┐ do mhílaithridh é féin dochum na deabhtha `pressed forward', Ériu v 182.333 . ¤modaid treats with disrespect, dishonours: do mhiomhodhadar m'ainm, Ezekiel xxxvi 20. ¤onóraigid dishonours: 3 s. impf. nómíonoraigeadh, Aisl. Tond. 93 § 1. ¤thadbat (to-ad-fiad-): mithadbait, mitharfaid `thou shewest badly, thou hast shewn badly', RC xxvi 16 § 16. ¤thaitnid displeases: an tan mhithaithnes ar ndeaghoibre re duine oile, Parrth. Anma 457.9 . do mhíothaitin anni dorinne D. ris an tTighearna, 2 Samuel xi 27. ¤thomuinethar believes or thinks evil, suspects: ? subj. ní mitomnadar o neoch, ZCP iii 452.29 (cf. mítoimtenach above).