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axal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. axal or dil.ie/5050

n (early borrowing of Lat. apostolus, Binchy, Ériu xviii 164 ) apostle: ro-anic axalu la airbriu archangliu, ACC 33 ( RC xx 172 ) he has reached the apostles and (lit. with) the throngs of archangels (read archaingel with H 3.18, p. 74 , Binchy loc. cit., ar caigne, O'Curry 123 ). ba eola a.¤ n-angel, ACC 82 (ib. xx 180 ) `he was familiar with apostles (and) angels', Binchy. ar mind n-a.¤ n-acallad, 82 (ib. xx 266 ) `our hero used to hold converse with the apostle', Binchy. Cf. asccal iomagallamh ann, Metr. Gl. 30 § 58 . a.¤ .i. imagallaim , O'Dav. 190 . axul .i. imagallmha, Ériu xiii 83 § 312 . Note also: axail .i. ab auxilio (.i. ōn c[h]omuirli dobeir-sium do c[h]āch) quod [angeli] hominibus praebent .i. ón ḟurtacht dobeirsium do chāch, Corm. Y 47 . agsal generous, noble , Eg. Gl. 664 .

2 cleth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cleth or dil.ie/9454
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ceilt, cleith, ceileamuin

ā, f. vn. of ceilid. ceilt, cleith, ceileamuin, IGT Verbs § 34 . ceilt cleith, Decl. § 14 . Cf. clith.

(a) act of hiding, concealing; concealment, deception : cen cuit cleithi `with no concealment', Blathm. 160 . is diing cleith in maith gl. abscondi non possunt, Wb. 29a31 . du chlith a fortachtae gl. disimulationem, Ml. 100a7 . inna cletha `the concealments' gl. latebras, 59a9 . c.¤ gl. laterna, Sg. 51b8 . ? coimpert ciol. cleith nemhidh, Ériu xiii 23.25 . dobered a máthair criaid ṁbuidi moa bullu do chlith a delba, Rawl. 141a16 . rotōgaib croich in Coimdeadh, / iarna cleith fon talmain thair after it had lain hidden, Ériu iii 198 § 26 . damhna ríoghradh nocha roich / a ngníomhradh chalma do chleith, DDána 91.9 . sirim a hucht na hóighe / . . . / cleith na n-othar-soin oruinn `that she cover from us the wounds I have not requited', Dán Dé v 17 . cleith .i. ceilt, O'Cl. Obscurity : scailid (?) in cleth 'he dispels the obscurity' CIH iii 874.31 , Sages, Saints and Storytellers 173 . ná measg trena chéile i gcleith 'do not confuse them with each other in obscurity' 167 § 20 .

? Attrib. g s. (but some or all may be part. See 1 clithe). secret, hidden : cen luige cen lanamnas. / cen chuibdi clethi no cuil, SR 2399 . cumann cleithe nocha ndernus `I have known no furtive love', Ériu i 20.72 . cinnus brethe rugad duit? nī ba caingen cléithi lat do not keep the matter secret, ZCP vii 307.10 . nír gním clethe fri hóen-úair, Metr. Dinds. i 10.54 .

(b) In phrr. with prepp. With AR undisclosed : bheith ag síor-chur bréag id leith / éigean dúinn nó ar ndearbhtha ar cleith `leave my argument unstated', Content. vi 116 .

With CEN without concealment, openly, plainly, clearly (in verse freq. as cheville). Somet. used adjectivally conspicuous : concertsa in dá sreith / cen chleith níbá caín, LU 9954 . eagna gan cleith, Ériu xiii 35.y . a chlú gan chleith mur do chuir `how he has made his fame conspicuous', O'R. Poems 251 . Eire gan chleith re [corbadh], A. Ó Dálaigh liii 8 .

With FO secretly; hidden, in seclusion : airg-siu dia guidi dam-sa . . . fo chlith, IT i 74.15 ( LMU 12 ). luig Oilill ┐ Eogan a n-imagallaim fo cleith, Anecd. ii 77 § 4 . ronalt fo clith muime mormass ar a mathair, i 51 § 9 . ro oslaic Eua fo clith / in dorus riasin nathraig, SR 1281 . ? ni bo chlethaib robatar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6528 (: srethaib).

With I N- in secret, hidden : figell fo dēraib i cleith (rules for the devout), ZCP vii 311 § 14 . ar apdaibh hi clith `against secret spells', Ériu iv 236 § 8 . hi follus, hi clith, ACL iii 318 § 61 .

As m.: gním cen chlethu cen athscís, LL 27070 (cleatu cleithe, cleitiu, v.ll.; `without concealment', Metr. Dinds. iii 244.42 ). nom diultfa fo thrí tria chleth / riasiu gaires in cailech deceitfully(?), SR 7723 .

Compd. With noun. cen chlethbratha `treachery by hiding', Sc.M² 22b .

fethemnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fethemnas or dil.ie/21843
Last Revised: 2013

n (2 fethem) advocacy, pleading, legal representation : cisne aurgaurt[ha] fechiumnuis? 'who are they that are prohibited from acting as law agents ?', Laws ii 84.19 . cia lin ... dligheas cach fethem (fechem, v.l.) do beith lais no do denam riana fetheamnas (fechemnus, v.l.) ? .. a ocht ... esrad ┐ uraithmed ┐ aithfegad, comlabra ┐ comet, indaithmech ┐ imagallaim ┐ aisneis, Cóic Con. 27 § 6 . See also féchemnas.

indaithmech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indaithmech or dil.ie/28318

Forms: indaithmeach, indaimthech, n-indaithmech, ionaithmhaich, ionnaithmigh, hindaithmigh, indaithme, indaithmige

n o, m. ? orig. n., see taithmech. ? vn. of *ind-aithbig. n s. indaithmeach, Laws i 32.3 Comm. By metath. indaimthech, v 4.15 Comm. a s. triana n-indaithmech , Auraic. 4637. ionaithmhaich, RC xliii 280.33 . g s. ionnaithmigh, iv 354.2 . n p. hindaithmigh, xx 251 n. 1 (ACC). Cf. g s. indaithme, O'D. 595 (< H 3.17, c. 450 ). an indaithmige , Auraic. 3542. (? in both cases, read -mig).

(a) analysis (of a word) : a indaithmeach .i. a thaithmeach as[a] indib, Lec. Gl. 281. a indaithmeach, a thaithmeach a inde in fhocail is sencus `its analytic composition, its resolution according to the meaning of the word `Senchus ,' Laws i 32.3 Comm. innaithmech .i. inn ainm do lar ┐ taithmech ainm do fuaslugad .i. a fuaslucad as a lar, O'Curry 969 (< H 3.18, p. 416 ). nocon fagbuidter a indaimthech its analysis cannot be found, Laws v 4.15 Comm. inaithmiuch in focuil is reneacur `explanation of the term `rē-necur',' ii 112.15 Comm. Gaidelcc .i. ealg oirderc .i. Gaaidel rus-oirrdercaich, ar ni dut[h]cha do reir an indaithmige sin ina do cach ni dooirdhercaigh Gaidel, Auraic. 3542. deiliugud na bfiodh n-airedha isinn aonfoucal tria na n-indaithmech, 4637 . a innaithmiugh .i. inntamlugadh, no inncosmailius, O'Curry 970 (< H 3.18, p. 416 ).

(b) Of the analysis or investigation of a case by a law-agent : cia lin d'ernailib dligheas cach fethem do beith lais no do denam riana fetheamnas ? ... a ocht. ... Esrad ┐ uraithmed ┐ aithfegad, comlabra ┐ comet, indaithmech ┐ imagallaim ┐ aisneis, Cóic Con. 27 § 6.

(c) Note also : an Caon-mhac ro choimprisdear on inghin eabhrach gan ionaithmhaich a hóighe `without dissolution of her virginity (?),' RC xliii 280.33 .

Cf. taithmech.

suí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. suí or dil.ie/39179
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: súad, súid, saoidh, suid, súid, súid, súide, suithi, saithi, sūide, sūthiu, súadh, shúidib

n d, m. In later lang. also f., see Bergin, Ériu xi 140 . g s. súad, Críth G. 187 . d s súid (= suíd), Corm. Y 446 . a s. saoidh, DDána 121.26 . n. pl. suid, LL 29 table col. a . súid, PH 6993 . súid (disyll.), Fél. Ep. 81 (suide, súide, MSS.). súide, PH 3133 . suithi, Laws iv 226.3 . saithi, Auraic. 387 . a. pl. sūide, ACL iii 295 § 21 . sūthiu (suithi, v.l.), Cáin Ad. 28 . g. pl. suad (disyll.) Jn. Celt. Stud. iii 56 . súadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 324 . d. pl. shúidib, PH 2312 . IGT Introd. § 21 , § 153 , Decl. § 85 .

I

(a) man of learning, scholar, wise man, sage : sui slán creis Crist, ACC 72 ( RC xx 262 ). ro leg iar sein i Corcaig cor bo sui, Goid. 93.24 (Lib. Hymn.). súi diand Ériu inmall | Findbarr, Fél. Sept. 10 . súi slán sothnge suthain, Sept. 30 . cit súid nod-légat (suide, MSS.), Ep. 81 . súi co saidbri (of Dub Da Letha), SR 2363 . ar súi soi (of God), 2692 . bid súi bid fáid bid file, Three Hom. 40.3 . sái cech sochoisc, Tec. Corm. § 15.36 (cf. RC xlv 5 - 6 ) = súi coisc cach súi, RC xxvi 16 § 10 = is súi cech sothinchoisc slán, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . C., sui Connacht `chief doctor of Connaught', Laws i 22.13 Comm . Benignus . . . | an tsaoi úasal, ZCP i 66.138 . M. sui senad, Gorm. Nov. 2 . s.¤ no oghs.¤ . . . s.¤ .i. in léighind. oghsui .i. aighne frisninnle breithi, O'D. 633 - 4 ( H 3.17, 471 ). airechtain suad `a sage's finding', Auraic. 498 , 505 ( airec suadh, 2967 ). iar srethaib suadh, 553 . 'san Imagallaim in Da Suadh no in Da Tuarad, 4644 (see RC xxvi 8 ff . ). saí gl. scriba, Ir. Gl. 4 . a stuigen shuad, Corm. 36.17 . imun tugain suad bui ac Adna, Laws i 18.14 Comm . sgéla damh seólais an saí, IGT Decl. ex. 1618 . mór gcluicheadh riamh nach rug saoi, PBocht 1.30 . an tsaoi isin (= ┐ in) daoi, Cog. 204.20 . a mbēlaibh súadh ┐ seanchaidae, Feis Tighe Chonáin 324 . Mac Lochlaind . . . saii fial urdaircc aithesach, Ann. Conn. 1412.11 . As laudatory epithet: cia an saoi le síor-chur na sáir-cheast?, Keat. Poems 517 . Perh. prince, chief in: saoi (of Finn), Oss. iv 66.7 . gríobh i dtreasaibh, saoi chalma chródha `a noble', O'Rah. xxii 21 . do thuitsiod saoithe seana chieftains (?), ML² 1975 .

(b) More specifically head of a monastic or poetic school : in tshui no in t-espoc dia taisfentar na sailm `the doctor or bishop', Rule of Tallaght 62 (82.22) . prīmsúi, ZCP v 499 § 1 . midsūi . . . tiugsūi, ACL iii 308 § 31 . In legal contexts ranked after epscop, with a `dám' of twelve persons: arim túalang gabála[e] ríg nó epscuip nó shuad, Críth G. 187 . dám shuad dano di[b] ferib deacc, 602 . i ndail i mbi ri, no epscop, no sui, no uasal nemid sechip é, Laws ii 128.20 Comm . techta fuillema gill suad no tanaise, v 388.18 .i. in t-ollomh filedh, 21 Comm . Cf. 390.7 . each suad, 474.10 . immo flaithi . . . a n-epscopu ┐ a sūthiu (suithi, v.l.), Cáin Ad. 28 .

(c) Of biblical characters, etc.: Matha mac Alphín s.¤ Ebraidi, LU 2313 . do fhoglaim na tana berta in súi sair which a learned man had brought to the east, TBC-LL¹ p. liii 4 = do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . súid ┐ airchindig in phopuil, PH 6993 . na tri saithe the three wise men (at birth of Christ), LB 262a54 . sgéala laoi an luain . . . | fuair an saoi (Jerome), DDána 29.2 . saoi glan as neamhghann im ní (Mary), 45.13 .

II Expert, master (in various specific arts, crafts, accomplishments):

(a) gabais eigsi corbo sui . . . ┐ luid co Scathaigh banfendig d'foglaim gaiscid corbo s.¤ . . . Gabais [druideacht] cor[bo] saī Ērenn, ZCP xiv 154.11 , 12 ; 155.3 . Of smiths: comba samalta ra tétaib órshnáid dar or n-indeona fo láim suad saincherda, LL 120a50 ( RC iii 177 ). déanta uile de chlocha buadha, | le lámha suadh, Oss. iv 258.24 . Of musicians: binnidir téta mendchrot aca seinm a llámaib shirshúad bindfhogur a gotha, TBC-LL¹ 210 . re foscad . . . na téd . . . 'ga tadall d'aigthib . . . eand ┐ ingen na suad 'gá sar-sheinm, MR 168.24 . Of poets. Not mentioned as a specific grade, though the phrase brosnacha súad is used of the metres to be learnt in the seventh year: is hí . . . fogluim na .uii. mad bliadna .i. brosnacha suad .i. bairdne na mbard, IT iii 39 § 32 . brosnacha súad (one of the .xii. ernail na filideachta), 31.21 . .xii. raind na filidechta . . . brosnacha suad . . . setnatha suad, 59 § 112 . See p. 113 - 15 , 117 , 121 . See also súada. In syll. verse: re saídhib Fer bFáil, IGT Verbs ex. 923 . le saoidhibh scol, L. Cl. A. B. 121.39 . adhbhar suadh . . . | ní mhair díobh, DDána 115.1 .

(b) With qualifying gen.: súi cech admait. conna rabi riam . . . goba bad fherr an expert maker of every kind of article, Irish Texts i 32.z . súi canóne (opp. to prímshuí) perh. teacher of doctrine or ecclesiastical law, ZCP v 499 § 1 . fer noeb ┐ súi chantairechta, ii 322.z . Dīancēcht .i. ainm do shúid leigis Ērend, Corm. Y 446 . sui cruitirechta an expert harper, AU ii 84.11 (cf. v.l.). sai litre . . . tanaisi suad litri . . . oc sai (= ócshaí) teacher of penmanship (?), Laws v 102.1 ff . suid littri, LL 29 table col. a. sui littri ┐ rí ruirech | is réim cosmail cóir, 29b25 . robo shai s[c]ribinn sciamglain, AU ii 246.5 . Colman Uamach .i. sai scribind Aird Macha `professor of writing', RC xvii 232.3 . Necódim sin,—sái rechta e-side, PH 3677 . ollam suad sairsi master mason (?), Laws v 112.19 .i. in saer daimliac ┐ durtaigi, 114.16 Comm . (= saeir, 92.22 ).

(c) Hence with nouns of more abstract meaning paragon (of), one noted (for): saoi aithrichce `a paragon of penance', AFM ii 1008.3 . sai brethemnais (Fintan), Fen. 98.19 . sai crabaid, 21 . sai gach dana, 20 . ? atá gné ar nach dáoi an dáoi rúadh | sáoi dhúadh é ┐ dáoi re dán, IGT Decl. ex. 1622 . ba sai ecnai, ba sai fhilidechta he (Dallán Forgaill), LB 238 c. 53 . sai eccna na nGaoidhel, Cog. 34.14 . sai enig ┐ engnama, Ann. Conn. 1251.6 . sai bfaitsine (Fintan), Fen. 98.23 . sai fesa, 23 . sai frecra . . . | soi gacha dala ar doman, 17 - 18 . sai legind, 19 . sai tredenais, 21 .

(d) With g s. of agent-nouns and other nouns indicating persons, etc. learned, expert, master or excellent, pre-eminent as under (b) and (c) supra: sáoi chinnfhedhna . . . do chendsugad a escarad an illustrious leader, ALC ii 272.5 . saí clerigh `learned cleric', BCC 106 (100.9) . fuireann d'ar saoithibh con excellent hounds, Oss. iv 22.6 . sói dhuine uassail an illustrious (learned?) gentleman, ALC ii 238.26 . S. súi epscoip, Gorm. June 26 . do rig ┐ epscop, ┐ aige rechta litre, ┐ suad (leg. suïd) filed forcan di cendaib forosna, Laws i 40.16 , QML xiii 8 . .i. in sui file da fursannadand . . . imad a sofesa . . . co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42.35 Comm . ollam filed .i. sai filed, v 112.13 Comm . saoí fhir dhana, AFM iv 1206.17 . saoi fhir fhoghla, DDána 111.24 . saei gabonn a master smith, BCC 92 (86.13) . a shaoi leagha an leighis amhra (of Christ), DDána 13.5 . ollam suad saeir (= sairsi, 112.19 ), Laws v 92.22 .i. mad ollam ag a mbia saidecht na sairsi, 24 Comm . saí seanchadha, Leb. Cert. 236.16 .

(e) Similarly with nouns prec. by prepp.: sai mhna . . . ar gheanmnaigacht, Rawl. B 487, 11a21 . saoi ar eccna, ar chennsa, ┐ ar ailghine, AFM ii 1062.8 . amal asbert Fenius ba sai isna tri berlaibh, Auraic. 386 . ardshaoi Ereann i negna, AFM ii 818.11 . espoc ┐ sai a léighind, RC xviii 276.12 (Tig.). saoi lé deirc `a man distinguished for', AFM ii 1008.15 . ní saoi gach file lé fios, Studies 1924, 243 § 14 . Finn . . . fa hē in cūiged sái re gach sáircheird é he was one of the five masters in every excellent craft, Fianaig. 86.12 . adbur suadh re breithemhnus, AU ii 508.4 . sai re seinm, ALC ii 16.15 . slán dá saoithibh re héigse learned poets, Keat. Poems 16 .

In compds. suí- and súad-. With nouns. ¤abb learned abbot : robo suiabb (gloss on baí sab súithe cec dind), LU 659 ( ACC 26 ). ¤cheist: rí ó sloinntear gach saoicheisd abstruse question, DDána 25.13 . ¤epscop learned or pre-eminent bishop (?), Stud. Hib. xxviii 59-60 : docum Germain .i. saieascop na hEorpa uili, Lism. L. 212 . ? ¤gal: Dīa na ndúl dom dhīdin . . . | ar shāebhraidh, ar shúadghail (: úathmhair), ZCP x 348 § 9 . ¤liaig learned leech; master physician (?), Stud. Hib. xxviii 60 : corrancatar frisin suid-liag, Irish Texts i 10.27 . suag ogam (leg. suad-ogam), Auraic. 6149 , Studia Celtica Upsaliensia vi 179 . ¤ollam: oide suadhollamh bhfear bhFáil (Torna), TD 14.27 . ¤shoiscélaigid sage-evangelist: is ergna in súi ro siacht sliucht na cethri suishoscelaigthe, ACC 91 ( RC xx 270 ). With adj. derived from noun: an seancha suadhfhoclach, L. Cl. A. B. 37.10 .

3 tethra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 tethra or dil.ie/40647
Last Revised: 2019

n k

(a) the sea: teathra .i. muir, O'Cl. t.¤ ar dtuile `a sea that is poured forth as a flood,' O'Gr. Cat. 491.4. Grecca nostiad tar t.¤ (gl. tar muir), Leb. Gab.(i) 108.13 . ? do doínib tethrach 'to the people of the sea', Echtrae Chonnlai 122 § 9 .

(b) n.pr. of a Fomorian king, see ZCP xi 182 f. : T.¤ .i. ainm rīg Fomore ut est isin Imagallaim in dā Thūar: iter trīuna Tethrach, Corm. Y 1207 = Tethru, Corm. Bodl. 44 = RC xxvi 26 § 97 . do ingentib inad Tetrach rig Fomorie, ZCP iii 234.10 . as i an moir Mag Tetrai (.i. ri di rigaib) Fomore Tethrai .i. mag rig Fomóre, 240.3 . triath tiri Teathrach .i. Muredhach, Anecd. ii 52.2 . cia buar Tethrach tibiti, IT iii 61.20 . mían mná Tethrach (.i. badb) a tenid, LU p. 124 n. ? To this: damh Smirgaill mic Teathrach, Metr. Dinds. iv 302.17 = Comp. CC 37.16 . Of a woman: T.¤ bán-gel ba ben Chorrginn, Metr. Dinds. iv 108.23 .

3 túar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 túar or dil.ie/42206
Last Revised: 2019

n t, o, u m. (?) poet, sage (?): sella sillite (MS sillit) in túaraid 'eyes which gaze at the poet', Tall. Étair 43.20 . In title of a text: Imacallam in Dá Thuaraid, RC xxvi 8 ff. ( -ad, Rawl. 107bz ). isind Immacaldaim in da Thúaru, Corm. Bodl. 44 = isin Imagallaim in dā Thūar, Corm. Y 1207 = isin Imacallaim, Corm. 42 . i n-Imagallaim na Da Thuar, Auraic. 1328 . 'san Imagallaim in Da Suadh no in Da Tuarad, 4644 . in imacallaim in Da Tuar i n-Emain Mache, Laws i 18.13 Comm. cusan imacallaim in da thuar[ad] i nEamain Macha, IT iii 186.y .

uraithmet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. uraithmet or dil.ie/43238

n recollection (cf. foraithmet): esrad ┐ uraithmed ┐ aithfegadh, comlabra, ┐ comet, indaithmech, ┐ imagallaim, ┐ airneis (the eight qualifications of a `fethem') `vor-Erinnern' Cóic Con. 27 § 6 .