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6 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 a or dil.ie/7
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: á

conjunction, nasalizing and followed by nasalizing rel. clause when, while . Orig. neut. sg. of article, see GOI § 890 . With neg. an(n)ad: anataibrem, Wb. 15d25 . annád foirpret, Sg. 48b5 . With ro: ar(r)u, ar(r)o, anru: arocelebrus, Wb. 14d31 . arrucestaigser, Ml. 2d3 . Also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ).

In O.Ir. glosses usually in phrases glossing Latin participles: arocelebrus gl. ualefaciens, Wb. 14d31 . annongeiss cách gl. testificans, 30b4 . anataibrem do neuch gl. nemini dantes, 15d25 . a fortéitsi aém ref. to adiuuantibus, 14c3 . anambet ecailsi gl. non discutiendi `when they will not be to be examined', Ml. 15d7 . anas lie uilnech and Isu gl. superaedificati ipso summo angulari lapide . . ., Wb. 21c6 . arumsa loiscthe gl. adustus, Ml. 118d1 . a lléicfimme gl. relinquentes, 14d8 . arrucestaigser frisin nebride gl. cum Ebreo disputans, 2d3 . nad necmai andumenmarni gl. aestimantes, 15d5 . continuans .i. a comoicsider, Sg. 59a2 . andonaidbdem gl. ostendentes, 211a12 . an as suidigthe gl. positum, 4a11 . andocoisgedar ne comaccomol .s. gl. sequente, 15b4 . andonaithchuiredar .u. gl. redeunte `when u returns', 18b6 . ambas cete gl. cantato `when it shall have been sung', Thes. ii 17.34 . ( BCr. 32b5 ). anaslui grién foa fuined gl. occidente, 33b18 . andusleicet inna rind gl. residentibus `when the planets sink', 18b10 . Note also: conid gau dóibsem . . . anasberat nadṁbed ad plures , Sg. 40a15 . annád foirpret `when they do not increase', 48b5 .

With impf. indic. andummecitis gl. dispicientes, Ml. 34c6 . annumfindbad[a]igtisse gl. beatificantes, 39d14 . So also in Trip.: P. . . . anno cluined inna briathra sa dorothlaig . . ., Trip.² 118 . anno cníted . . . is éd ro ráde . . . = suspirans . . . ait, 405 . A Latinism, GOI § 519 (see also note p. 682, and Stokes, KZ xxix 376 ). Note also: ferais L. faelti fris . . . a n-asbert saying, LU 3430 .

In literary texts: a lluid fon loch con(f)aca[e] in muirdris, Ériu xvi 38 § 6 . mairg Ultu arro génair . . . in gormac, MU² 323 . fer dorigne sin amdar lana a .vi. bliadna, TBC-I¹ 543 . ar-roldatar (irroldatar, v.l.; leg. inróldatar, Immrama 86 § 2 ). fairggi fergaidh when they went on the angry sea, Snedg. u. Mac R 9.§ 2 . inba siu as . . . indbasi hée ┐ inuuisi ron, . . . inuaisi cú `when I was a deer', etc., ZCP ii 315.9 . a m-luidset co leth lenna `when they had got halfway across the sea', Dinds. 5 ( RC xv 294 ). a ronecam-[ni] do lesa, ACL iii 294 § 13 . a mbātar ann oc fledōl co cualatar ēigem na caillige, ZCP vii 306.5 . i n-bása isind ecclais so `when I was in this church', BNnÉ 93 § 203 . a mbuí ann, Stair Erc. 387 .

accais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accais or dil.ie/142

 

Forms: accuis, accuis, accais, acaissi, acsi, aicsin, aicsin, aicsenaib

n f. In O.Ir. glosses accuis (Lat. occasio, see GOI § 302 ). Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (i 476) distinguishes a word accais < *adcais (We. achas), but the various meanings can be explained as easily from a single form accais < Lat. occasio. g s. accuis, Alex. 297 . accais, O'Dav. 399 . acaissi, Fl. Earls 132.25 . n p. acsi, Corm. Y 1082 v.l. (achuis, text, Anecd. iv 96.23 ). Also as n-stem a s. aicsin, Ml. 38c4 . n p. inna aicsin , 51d15 . d p. dinaib aicsenaib , 62a22 . See aicsenach.

(a) cause, reason: acuis .i. a causa , Corm. Y 10 (cf. O'Mulc. 11 ). ? bri gach ṅ-a.¤ , Corm. 8 = cach n-ogus, Corm. Y 149 . issí ade accuis `this is the cause', Ml. 104c1 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab Duaid `that is not the reason for which David sang it', 35a8 . nach accuis trissanétatsat som inna anu hisin, 57a3 . sainaccuis do Duaid sech cách, 36c11 . cen fochunn ┐ cen accuis, 46b14 , 126d17 . ar main bed accuiss na precepte sin `for if it were not because of that teaching', Wb. 9b19 . in di accuis, Sg. 200a13 . it hē achuis (acsi, v.l.) ar a nglanaiter, Corm. Y 1082 = aicsin, Corm. Bodl. 38 . sain didiu accuis as rohainmniged cach āe, Corm. Y 1079 . nisber nach a.¤ aile acht dul tar bur cenn-si there is no other reason for it(?), Anecd. i. 43.18 . acais toirge na nDéise, Ériu iii 135.2 .

In prep. phrases: ar accuis pectho `because of sin', Ml. 60b19 . ar accuis tesairgne do mnai ríg Érend, LU 10770 = ar cuis, Ériu xii 170.5 (TE). ?fu acis gl. sub obtentu, Thes. i 498.29 . hua accuiss sulbairichthe `because of politeness', Sg. 45b3 . trena a.¤ (i.e. because of Findabair), LL 11323 (TBC).

In Laws cause, occasion of injury to others, hence offence, crime(?). Cf. it he ceithri anmand cinath conlat ar diuit: tucait, ag, acais, etgid, O'Mulc. 456 . dilis do ceilib . . . seoit . . . acht fris-rognat a flaithe . . . na dernat acais a mbais `wenn sie . . . ihren Tod nicht verursacht haben' (i.e. have committed no crime leading to their lord's death), ZCP xiv 362 § 22 , see p. 363 . caide fochonn, caide agh, caide acais . . . acúis don gnímh son do gní nech for torbha do budein ┐ imaric aimles nach aile de cin elguin ┐ ní duine féin is fer láimhe di `acuis' is that deed which one does for one's own advantage and from which disadvantage ensues to another person though he has committed no crime and is not the perpetrator thereof(?), O'D. 577 (H.3. 17, 444). See 3 ág. gan ágh, gan a.¤, gan urcoid . . . a n-adrad h'arm, MR 294.15 .

(b) hatred, enmity, rancour etc.: acais dhlighidh, Ériu xiii 25.6 glossed .i. aor no mallacht . . . no a.¤ .i. immidh, O'Dav. 40, 399 (cf. ZCP xiv 7 ). aincis (acais, v.l.) is miscaith namá / dhá ṡenainm na mallachta, Metr. Gl. 14 § 29 . fí fo builc .i. a.¤ fo thuind, RC xx 252.1 (ACC). ferb .i. bolg .i. acuis fo tuinn, O'D. 27 (H 3.17, col. 25). na bi ar acais na miscais do gní acht do rellad na firinne, O'Curry 2599 ( Eg. 88 fo. 51 (52)a ). is tromsceo a.¤ ┐ duabais ┐ neime for cech n-aen, Alex. 297 . ro aorfadaois o acois ┐ o breachtradh an dána virulence(?), ZCP x 278.3 . doní geōin ┐ acu[i]s ┐ díghbhāil, Feis Tighe Chonáin 464 . narbham uan go n-acais fhaoil (i.e. a wolf in sheep's clothing), Aithd. D. 73.16 . lomnán d'imneadh is d'achais (sic), O'Hara 3262 . gapuis . . . ben oile . . . doigh ētta, imthnūith ┐ acaissi di, Fl. Earls 132.25 .

Of disease, illness (cf. is aon n-aicsina fo dera gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.19 ): rom-soerae, á Ísu / ar a.¤ cech thedmae from every disease, Fél. Ep. 518 . rot gob acais .i. mor galara, YBL 137a17 . indtan rob āiniom ndō, rotgab acais mōr (of disease of Emperor Constantine), ZCP iii 227.2 . galar gan a.¤ gan anbḟorlann, ALC ii 400.15 .

In concrete sense poison, venom: delg co n-acais ina chois co nderna tart ar feith inti `festering', BColm. 42.18 .

ad-slig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-slig or dil.ie/575
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: adslig, adsléi, aslacht, aslaigid, faslaigid, aslach

v (* ad-slig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 631 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. adslig, Wb. 14d27 . Subj. pres. 3 s. adsléi, 20b2 . Perf. 3 s. ro aslacht , SR 1404 . Later as simple vb. aslaigid, faslaigid. Vn. aslach.

Tempts, entreats, urges, tries to induce. Usually with FOR and follg. verbal phrase: ciadsléi nech fuirib `though anyone tempt you', Wb. 20b2 . where the sense is to be completed by the Lat. ueritati non obaedire. ró aslacht foraib ainmne do dénum entreated them to be patient, Trip.² 2790 . is si ro aslaig fair combad he bad reilic adnacthi dó, LU 4109 . is me roaslaig for Adam . . . in imarbus ┐ for Cain Aibel do marbad, Fél. 74.26 . noaslaicfind for ind ríg na dernai olc fritt I would persuade the king not to harm you, Anecd. iii 74.13 . is ed ro-aslaigset Barabás do anocul ┐ Ísu do crochad this is what they urged, to release B. and crucify Jesus, PH 3272 . co roaslaighset for A. . . . techt do thóchuiriudh Achíl, TTr.² 1451 . ro fhaslaig ar áis ┐ ar écin fors in uile chinead . . . a adrad amal Dia, LB 235a17 . nacha nfasluighiunn dlighedh ar duine `the law does not require of a man', Laws ii 222.23 Comm. aisleōchad-sa Fearghus fēisin teacht ann 'I will persuade Fergus himself to go there', BDC 252.476​​ . Note also: ro aslaigh iad im chomhalladh in ro geallsat, AFM v 1872.23 . do asluigheadar . . . cead suaimhnis dóib féin, Maguires of F. § 66 . co ro faslaiged gradh Aenias i cridhi Didaine `and instil love of A. in the heart of D.' Aen. 386 . roaslaighsium . . . gorta for a muintir we have brought down famine on his people, CCath. 4587 . roaslaig mōr n-uar / isin mBrosnaig bāin `he endured much cold', BColm. 16.23 .

ad-teich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-teich or dil.ie/583
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: atteoch, adeochasa, adeoch, addeoch-sa, aiteoch, atethach, ateich, atabtecham, aiteocham, ataich, attaig, aitchid, aitchem, adessam, adróethach, adróithach, atum-roethach-sa, atroithich, ataich, attachetar, attach, ataigid, aitchid

v * ad-(ath-?) -tech-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 639 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atteoch, Thes. ii 349.1 (Hy. v). ateoch, 350.14 (Hy. vi), 353.5, .11 . adeochasa (adeochosa LU), TBC-I¹ 1030 . adeoch, 1031 . addeoch-sa, LL 1021 . aiteoch, ZCP vi 258.2 . ?atethach SR 817 (with inf. pron. 2 s.?). 3 s. ateich, Ml. 39b6 . 1 pl. atabtecham, ZCP vii 485 ( Enchir. Aug. Aug. 84b ). aiteocham, ZCP x 347 § 17 . Ipv. 2 s. ataich. Thes. ii 258.11 . attaig, SR 1618 . 2 pl. aitchid, LU 8391 ( FB § 26 ). 1 pl. aitchem, SR 1613 . Subj. pres. (fut., Ped.) 1 pl. adessam, Thes. ii 300.2 (Hy. i). Pret. and perf. 1 s. adróethach, Thes. ii 353.5 . adróithach, Fél. Ep. 301 . 2 s. atum-roethach-sa, IT iii 242.225 . 3 s. atroithich, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . ataich, TBC-I¹ 1551 (= conattecht, TBC-LL¹ 2184 ). 3 pl. ra attachetar , TBC-LL¹ 2744 . Vn. attach. Later as simple vb. ataigid, aitchid. IGT Verbs § 52 .

Lit. flees to, resorts to (see attach), but invariably in more abstract meanings.

(a) In the constr. a.¤ x fri y invokes x against y. adjures or beseeches y by or for the sake of x. In Ir. Lit. 30 ff. the phrase ateoch frit is used before each of a long list of items: ateoch frit, a Isu . . . do cethri suiscelaige, etc. the actual prayer (co nimragba, etc.) following p. 34. aitchid a chenel fri Bran `he adjures B. by his race', Rawl. B. 512 fo. 120c32 (Plummer MS. notes). ataich Cuchulaind fris a chomaltus ┐ a muimi diblinaib Scathaich C. appealed to him by his foster-brotherhood, TBC-I¹ 1551 . aitchidh ainm nDe re Brigit um ní do tabairt do asks B. in God's name to give him something, Lism. L. 1316 . ō roataig-sim Colmān . . . riu `he adjured them by Colmán', BColm. 96.1 . attchim-se mo guide rutt, LL 374c23 . ro attaich Dia riss gan a clann d'easguine `she besought him for God's sake not to curse her children', TFrag. 102.9 .

(b) calls on, prays to, entreats: adiuro .i. atchim, Gild. Lor. 52 . arnādrīs iffernn uathach / ateoch in ríg adróethach (.i. roatchius) `that I may not go to awful hell, I beseech the King whom I have besought', Thes. ii 353.5 (Hy. vi). adróithach in rígraid / . . . / . . . atateochsa íaram, Fél. Ep. 301 . attecham (ateocham v.l.) na hóga / doairset ar ṅdála, Sept. 20. a Dé dulig adateoch, ZCP i 497.6 . aitchem na huili duli / . . . / cor guidet lenn, SR 1613 . ō roaitcheatar ainm Colmāin . . . tērnatar slán i tír, BColm. 94.12 . no aitchitis in coimdid, PH 4055 . aitchim a sídh `I beseech peace with them', Studies 1923. 599 § 18 . With cognate accus. issed attach adessam `this is the prayer that we will pray', Thes. ii 300.2 (Hy. i). atach ind so atroithich Colum Cille co mmáthair nÍsu, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . With follg. IMM and vn. constr.: ra attchetar . . . firu hErend ma tocbáil bar lebennaib scíath they besought the men of Ireland to raise them, TBC-LL¹ 2744 . ra adaig clanda Nemid imo hainm do beith forsin ferand ind-romarbad, Dinds. 147 ( RC xvi 160 ). ro-n-aitchiset im thomailt `they begged him to eat', PH 6547 . ro attaig a shetig Samson imme sin, LB 127b15 . aitchim an dá dheaghfháidh dhéag / fam (dom, v.l.) thabhairt do Dhia ar deighshéad, Dán Dé xxv 50 . aitchet na naoimh . . . im thecht cuca da ccabhair, BNnÉ 256 § 214 . Similarly with DO: roataigh Día codichra da furtacht, ZCP vi 94.27 . ro aitchister . . . Patraicc . . . dia choemna for a bidbaid, Irish Texts i 18 § 54 . aitchett an Coimdhe do shior / naoimh sleachta Conaill dár ndíon, iii 45.30 . adchi[s]-seom (curoataigh v.l.) in Gall dia comairqui `entreated . . . for his protection', RC xxiv 56 § 17 . Note also: aithchim ar bhar n-éigse sibh / gabháil `I implore you by your poetic profession to restrain . . .', Content. xvi 88 . Less freq. with person entreated introduced by FOR or FRI: ro atuighsead an sgol for Féinius bérla do theibeadh as na hilteangthuibh, IGT Introd. 3.17 . aitchimit fort gin ar clödh forcula do dliged ar sen, ZCP i 260.5 . is eadh aitcheas nó athchuingheas Ieremias . . . ar an duine, TSh. 1619 . in fer fodrácaib co claen aitchid fris a facbail co diriuch request him, LU 8391 ( FB § 26 ). tocht fo a thogairm ┐ an ro ataig fris do denamh `and did whatever he requested him', AFM vi 2054.7 .

3 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 aí or dil.ie/716

 

(d s. of 2 áe?). In phrase ar aí, and with demonstr. ar aí sin, araide (resolved by Zimmer, KZ xxx 5 ff. , as: ar a aí sin (the possessive is written only in late exx.), ar a aí side. Cf. ar apa, ar apaide s.v. 1 apa). Note the alliteration in: ba rogarb araí in robud, Metr. Dinds. iv 250.63 .

I As prep. phrase folld. by gen. or by verbal clause.

(a) on account of, because of: arái na feli Caindich `on account of Caindech's feast-day', Mon. Tall. 135.8 . enech cóicid do brith . . . araí óenḟir, LU 9209 ( FB 94 ). cíarbo dú dogra don tír / ar ái in ríg-sin sech cach ríg?, Metr. Dinds. iii 200.6 . ar aoi dioghla m'amghaire because I had avenged the ill-treatment I had received, Duan. F. i 86.26 . ar aoi an éinpheacaidh, DDána 20.12 . ar aoi clóghuine an Choimdheadh, 46.15 . ger bhó hoirdearc Sean mac cuinn . . . ar aoí a ccoccadh friSaxoibh , AFM v 1748.5 . madh ar máise (: báise) for my sake, ACL iii 295 § 16 . ronnassa secht qumala for in mbantrebtaich . . . ar ae tect il-lu[b]gort Gūaire, 1.11 . araí beith can bíad oentráth, RC vii 300.168 . ni haire ro-raid in t-aingel so ar-ái co mad i nGalilee toisech atcifitís a apstail Ísu `on account of its being in G. first that the apostles would see Jesus', PH 3416 . ar aoi a héiginsi d'fhurtacht, `for helping her necessity', Studies 1921, 75 § 18 . ar aoi ar fhuluing ar ar son on account of what he suffered for our sake, Desid. 6256 . araoi sin cuirit . . . for that reason, Fl. Earls 120.13 . co nar bo h-áil dóibh dol i n-imcheine on mbaile ar a aoídhi, AFM vi 2212.9 .

(b) as regards, in the matter of: is adbur rig arái delbha, Sc.M² § 14R . ni frith díb oenfer foleith / folilsad arái ṅgaisc[e]id, SR 5776 . a Capadóic dó ar-ái chineoil, PH 1124 . ni dlegad som arai dleastanuis sin `as regards legal right they are not entitled thereto', RC xxiv 186.20 . gidh im bhocht ar áoi mbiorair though I am poor as regards watercress, BS 86.14 (§ 43) . Aodh ba sóamh díobh ar aoí n-aoisi gion gurbhó hé ar aoí n-oirbertais, AFM vi 1916.7 . cidh daíne ar ai fhuatha is [anm]anna indligthecha ar aí n-ecna `for though men in form they are brutish beasts in intelligence', Stair Erc. 1311 . In dates: i n-oct kalaind Mái ar-ái lathi mís greni in the matter of the day of the month, PH 1106 . for-ái lathi mís grene,—inand ón ┐ ar-ái lathi sechtmaine is-in bliadain hi-tám, 6920 .

(c) for the sake of, for: ar ái oenḟer (n-aoinfir, v.l.) d'imchomét, TBC-LL¹ 1674 .

II As adv. with adversative force nevertheless, however: nad biu-sa resna sluagaib ní ba siriu, bar F. . . . dessid F. riasna sluagaib arái, TBC-LL¹ 496 . ┐ arai fessa dam mo thustidi féin nevertheless let me know (who were) my own parents, LU 1682 . ranic tra co ham tuismeda di ┐ arai nir scuir dind fhognam, RC xxiv 190.11 . tugad dise hé . . . ┐ aráoi ni móite fuair-siom sláinte, TTebe 807 . arai som dano dofocrait cath for Eochaid in spite of that, LL 14402 . tangatar . . . ina aghaidh, ar a aoi ni ró chumhaingset ní dhó, AFM iii 88.11 . bátar acc folmaise a bfobartha . . . ara aoí ní dheirgensat `but, however they did not do so', vi 1884.14 . arái sin ní théit immach, TBC-LL¹ 198 . arái sein barroega F., 4413 . ar-aí sin ra érig Crom D., MU² 504 . arai sin tra roshantaigh imon comairli . . . do dhenum, Aen. 779 . fairend . . . dogníat trócaire . . . ┐ biit araíde i llaxai, LU 2195 ( FA 27 ). ro chuindig ceat a athar ┐ ni tharut dí. Araide dochuaid si cen chetugud dó, IT i 40.8 . araide batar sonairte seom, 74.19 . robæ dano comēt leisseom ar inn ingin. ┐ araide rostoirrchestar quidam vir nobilis , Rawl. 147a44 . adlesc-som aráide do dhul i ndíthrub, PH 4743 .

Note also (as conj.): araíde nocha herbartha-su, lest you say, Alex. 828 = araba, Anecd. v 2.9 . See also Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.27ff.

aidilccnigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidilccnigidir or dil.ie/880

 

Forms: aidilccnidir, aidilccnid

v (aidilccne). Also aidilccnidir, aidilccnid. needs, wants (with ó of thing needed): an nad naidlicnigedar gl. nullo . . . indigens adiutore, Ml. 130a2 . absolútum verbum .i. nad adilgnigedar ho thuislib `which does not want cases', Thes. ii 227.33 ( PCr. 59a2 ). ni adilgnigmar gl. numquid egemus, Wb. 15a2 . aidlignigitir (aidlignitir, MS.) . . . uadisi `they need it', Sg. 4b10 . ata coicthi onaidilcnigthir ecna . . . na psalmb `there are five things which the knowledge of the psalms requires', Hib. Min. 8.246 . co ro-aidilgniged . . . Ísu o fortacht aingel amal no-aidilgniged duine indlobar, PH 4841 . ní aidilgnigend . . . in comthinol . . . o anmannaib dílsib `this assembly . . . does not need proper names', 6256 . ni adilcniget na nóim oní aile acht esteacht in cheoil, IT i 173.18 . ni aidilcniget ó nach airchisecht, Alex. 851 . aidilg .i. main dligid, ut est, ni hu bard aidhilgnithar, O'Curry 569 ( H 3.18, p. 284 ) = a.¤ .i. mian .i. dliged, ut est ni huib ard aidilgnithar, O'Curry 1970 (H. 4.22, 15). Note: is airi ni aidlicnigetar anmmae `they need not a noun', Sg. 200a2 (gen. here no doubt due to the Lat. adiunctione nominis non egent). With accus.: do cach richt imabeir ┐ no aidilngniter, Laws v 490.15 = no da-n-ailcnige, 488.16 Comm. failte . . . do gach aon aidhilgnius (adilcnes, adailgnes v.ll.) samugud sund who wishes to settle here, Anecd. ii 53.12 . seciped ord aidilgnides, Laws iii 42.13 Comm. glossing iar naidilgne uird.

ainfis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainfis or dil.ie/1353
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ainbhes, ainbhis, ainbhesa

n (1 fis). ainbhes (ainmhes, ainbhḟis v.l.) (g s. and n p. ainbhis, ainbhesa) m., IGT Decl. § 38 . See ZCP xxv 89-90 . ignorance, lack of knowledge or information: leath fiach cach a.¤ `half fine for each case of ignorance', Laws ii 52.6 . cuic seoit cach ninndligidh athgabala acht nimid ime (sic) dethbere do a.¤ no aincheas, 48.12 . cidh is fis ┐ cidh is anfis ┐ cidh is aincis, iv 228.14 . elguin ┐ toiscidh anfis ┐ eitge, i 262.2 . targud eicne no anfesa, iii 114.19 Comm. aititiu ainfesa in codnaid, v 496.7 Comm. na hiumurcruidh rucad a n-ainfius, ii 52.9 Comm. mad étged no anfes lethfīach ind ┐ arra cuir as n-étged ┐ as n-anfes, Cáin Ad. 35 . comláithre lánfíachaib fis, lethḟíachaib anḟis, Tec. Corm. § 2.19 . a.¤ lanfiachaig , O'Dav. 1404 . pa hainbfios (of a man arrested for a crime in which he has had no participation), ZCP vii 305.17 . is aire is fó anfis conatigh a ghell `that he stipulated an unknown pledge', Ériu xii 182 § 11 (TE2). a chur dom agallamh . . . on ainfhios (gan ḟios v.l.) secretly, IT ii2 111.41 . bo geis . . . don ḟilidh anfis do beith fair, ACL iii 4.20 . ni maith int anfis, Auraic. 734 . [tonn] ainmfesa, ZCP xiii 204.15 . hi n-glassaib ┐ gebendaib ┐ anfissib, Alex. 1098 (`in Verborgenheit'). ro h-athchuirid na hainfeasa, MR 100.9 . is mesea in fíada fíreólach foillsiges cech n-a.¤ do chách, Ériu iv 144.9 . do chlaochlóidh peacadh an tsinnsir an t-éolas i n-ainbhfios, TSh. 2897 . maith an leigheas í ar an ainbhios (of the Creed), DDána 15.3 . ní d'ainbhfios mealltar mac Seaáin, L. Cl. A. B. 237.1 . mince as aimhleas dí ná dhamh / ainbheas do ghabh sí ar a son, DDána 21.5 . méad bhar n-ainbhis . . . i riaghlachaibh an chogaidh, Content. xvi 70 .

In phrases. is a.¤ DO: ni anfius dúib gl. ipsi enim scitis, Wb. 25a11 . arnap anfius doib uili, c31 . robu anfiss dosom in rolég fa nacc, Sg. 148a6 . nā cairigh . . . bēs is anḟis dō, Ériu viii 156.26 . ni hainfis dúinn tra inni imarubredh forainn, BB 415a31 . mad aínbfis dono daím (leg. don dāim?) in tir in ro scuirseat a neocho, Laws iv 106.26 Comm. atá i n-a.¤ x is ignorant of x: tuigid cách an t-aighneas úd / 'n-a ainbheas go bráth ná bíod, Dán Dé ix 21 . fiarfaig a ainm da rabair ina ainmfis if you don't know it, ZCP x 223.17 . atá x i n-a.¤, y y is ignorant of x: in ni no bid n-a aínfis, RC v 201 § 18 . atá mór neich n-ar n-anfis there are many things we don't know, LL 206b54 ( Duan. F. i 29.12 ). atá ina a.¤ FOR (AR): suil raibh 'n-a ainbhios oruinn lest we be ignorant of it, Aithd. D. 75.25 . éinneith . . . atá 'na ainbhfhios ort, Desid. 7024 . ní bhia i n-a ainbhios oram / Dia's an saidhbhreas nach sirim, PBocht 57.17 . With OC: cia rét fil i n-anfis ocond fairind do-fucat in Comdid oc nách fil nách n-anfis, LU 2671 . With fo-gaib: ní foicbea anfis de 'because of it you will not be at a loss', Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 56 § 21 .

Attrib. g s. cen precept dond aís anfiss, Wb. 13b11 . urcar anfis fir hi ceó, LU 3864 ( SCC § 38 ). athgabail anfiss, Laws i 246.x . dar lem ni h-echtra ainfis, MacCarthy 406.16 . beich anfeasa . . . beich feasa i.e. swarming bees whose owner is not known . . . is known, O'D. 2316 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 32c ). ?Adv. gaibiu anfis, ibu [anfis] . . . .i. cia beith a fis ocund, cenco fil, íbthar i n-anmum Ísu in ignorance(?), Trip.² 549 .

ainglech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainglech or dil.ie/1374

 

adj = ainglecda: slúag . . . a.¤ , Fél. March 4 . Báethíne ard aiṅglech, June 9 . ráith co rígmacc ṅa.¤ / Cicilia . . ., Nov. 22. do chlaind aṅglig Israel guarded by angels, LL 17517 . Isu aṅglech, 17639 . do ṡlait aingligh an fhíréin (i.e. Moses), DDána 74.29 . re lind an erlaim uasail ainglich, BNnÉ 194.1 . 'n-a tír ghloin aingligh, DDána 99.18 . Daire, dūn ard a.¤ , ZCP vii 310 § 9 .

ainglide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainglide or dil.ie/1378

 

adj = ainglecda: Isú uassal a.¤ , Fél. 44.18 . S. Thomas, an doctúir ainglidhe, TSh. 2988 . beit clerig na comnaide / uás altorib aṅglide, LL 298b21 . énlaith fír-glan anglide, Metr. Dinds. iii 378.10 . críoch ainglidhe, TSh. 5366 .

ainricht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainricht or dil.ie/1510

 

n (richt)

(a) unpleasant form, dreadful appearance: ba se doroine na h-anrechta ut batar forsin muigh (of stones changed into monsters), RC xliii 84 § 86 . trí cain docelat éitchi: sobés la anricht, Triads 84 . an duine ad-chí aniogh i niort / ag so i márach é i n-ainriocht, Dán Dé xxv 19 . In phrase do-beir i n-a.¤ : cé dorat Ísu i n-anrecht though Jesus changed her form (of a woman changed into a mermaid), LU 3066 . issed dom beir i n-anrichtt, IT i 123.10 . is he . . . domrad a n-ecruth ┐ a n-aindricht, Anecd. i 77.14 .

(b) evil plight: gurop lan d'fuath is d'anricht, `may it be full of hatred and evil plight', RC xxiii 402.z . ar mharthain i n-annriocht spás, Ó Bruad. iii 116.7 . a n-anreachtaibh uilc ┐ urbhadha, ML 130.27 . créad an t-ainriocht 'na mbíd anmanna na bpeacthach ndamanta i n-ifreann, TSh. 6461 . mar thig dhe duine do chor sna hainreachtaib uathbhásacha so, 1102 .

Cf. aimricht.

2 airchissid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 airchissid or dil.ie/1726

 

n i, m. (ar-ceissi) sympathiser: ba haircisid do chorpaib, RC xx 268.3 (ACC). a crith-airchissid cecha troige, Rawl. B 512, 41c (Plummer MS. notes). Isu . . . a.¤ cecha maithiusa, RC ii 384 § 2 .

aircthid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aircthid or dil.ie/1790

 

n i (airec) inventor: a.¤ cacha helathan, Fél. 2.13 . a.¤ cecha maithiusa . . . Isu Crist, PH 7828 .

airfitiud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airfitiud or dil.ie/1969

 

Forms: oirfideadh, -idh, oirfide

n u, later also o, m. oirfideadh m. (g s. and n p. -idh), IGT Decl. § 11. Verbs § 83 . Note also n s. in oirfide , Feis Tighe Chonáin 663 . Vn. of ar-peiti. act of entertaining, delighting; entertainment, esp. minstrelsy, music: dusnāncatar cruiti . . . dia n-airfided (a.¤ , LU), TBC-I¹ 832 . ba hé Ísu doluidh . . . do airpetiud Adamnáin, Anecd. ii 17.23 . an chuil chorcra ro baí ic airfidedh Midir rob sí Édain, Ériu xii 154.15 (TE2). anais . . . C. . . . oc a.¤ ban n-Ulad, LU 8565 ( FB § 42 ). slóig in domain d'áirphéiteodh, SG 109.2 . ēnlaith 'ga n-oirfidiud / tre biuthiu sīr, ZCP viii 201.33 . atconnarc áes ciúil . . . ic aerfitiud dond ingin, LU 3770 ( SCC § 34 ). a[c] cantain ciuil ┐ airdfide d'Oilill ┐ do Meidb (of a minstrel), Celt. Rev. iv 112.6 . aruspeittet céola ┐ airfiti, TBFr. 287 . comlantius cecha airir ┐ cecha hairfite, LU 2759 . la meít ind airfite ó chechtar de diaraile, LL 231b2 . airbitiu .i. failti, ut est airbitiu menman tuarustal miad, O'Dav. 45 . airpeitiud aiccnid, CCath. 4837 . esbaid airpheitid (airfidig v.l.), Airne F. 225 . ní a.¤ nach n-oenchorn, TBC-LL¹ 2342 . d'erfidibh in talman, TTr.² 643 . bean na dheóigh go donnphubal / darbh ḟear eóil a oirfideadh, IGT Decl. ex. 467 . na ceōdla ┐ na hoirfitheadha is binde leat, Feis Tighe Chonáin 263 .

Gratification, satisfaction: oirfitiud na toile doenai, Trip.² 52 . scérait fri a.¤ in domain-seo ro charsat, LU 2402 . atfiadhar sin ar airfited anma na n-irisech, Lism. L. 2506 . in t-a.¤ ┐ in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda, PH 3986 . no-s-dilsig di-a hairfitedaib collaidib, 4625 . is cendach cin ceill/ ar airfeidedh aonuaire / siraitreb a péin, LB 152 marg. inf.

airmaisid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airmaisid or dil.ie/2238

 

v (airmaisiu)

(a) hits the mark, aims at, strikes: ni anad co n-ermaised in ubull no bíd for cind in chualli until he hit the apple, LL 14424 . dus an ermaismís a lín an tsluaigh, CS 52.23 (perh. a mistake; in ruirmemis, RC xvii 143.18 , Tig.). rodiormuis an teidhm tar nach dtíaghar `the disease from which there is no escape attacked him', ALC ii 402.4 . a Éisirt nit lenbaide / is fer fíre rot ermuis, SG 241.5 . commáin ria cur romermais `it has fallen to my lot to make requital therein', Metr. Dinds. iii 54.13 . rosirmais óen-ainm uile `one name served for all', iv 136.40 . ór do urmaised sén . . . do'n ard-fhlaith `was ordained', MR 106.7 . caoi . . . gur ur[mh]ais `till she had recourse to weeping', A. Ó Dálaigh li § 24 . urmaisdir `it is ascertained', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 152.4 . With FOR (AR) hits on, comes upon, finds: da n-urmaisi tú uirre, ní roithfe tú tairrsi even if thou dost find her, Ériu iii 164 § 20 . nir urmaiseadar ar h-Isu , YBL 147b39 . nir urmais ar a leas `he could find no way of bettering his case', Duan. F. ii 110 § 38 . ro urmais bó . . . foran erlamh, `one of the cows . . . chanced on the patron', BNnÉ 127 § 15 . is ann sin ro h-úrmhaisead aco-sum ar aenchomairli, MR 314.13 . na hescaraird ar a nuirmeosadh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 74.24 . amail roermais forro `as they came to his mind', Grail 2567 . Equivalent to fétaid: ro tinnscain . . . for tabairt a coibsena . . . amail is dicra ro fet ┐ ro irmuis forro, Grail 1133 . With I: rourmais se . . . isin glenn i rabadar na Coin chanced to come into, ZCP xiii 214.3 .

(b) manages to, succeeds in, can: innis dūn nī dia maithis. ni ermaisim or seisen, Ériu ii 28 § 10 . cure airddmes dun tarsin slōg . . . is mesc lemsa anisiu, ni ermaissim, TBC-I¹ 294 . níro hairmised cóir a dénma . . . cusinnocht, Airne F. 207 . co na ro-ermaisetar . . . descaid do chumasc ar in mein, PH 5076 . conar urmais ríghi . . . d'ordugud `he was unable to rule . . .', Ériu iii 150 § 2 . ní urmhais neach ní do rádh, DDána 29.18 . co nár urmaisettar a neolaigh saighidh gus an ionadh chinnte, AFM vi 2282.x .

Cf. ar-midethar.

airscartad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airscartad or dil.ie/2382

 

u, [m.] vn. of ar-scarta, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 616 .

(a) act of removing, clearing away. Of expelling an enemy etc.: aurscartad n-echtrand, ZCP xii 238 § 65 . do urscartad na slóg di Maig M., LL 13949 ( RC iii 179.3 ). in n-irscartad comlaind the driving out (of the enemy) in conflict, LL 305b22 ( SG 383.1 ). Ísu . . . tria erscartad iffirn the clearing out (harrowing) of hell, LL 14212 . do'n erscartad do-rat-som fors-in tempul (of the money-changers), PH 4404 . da mbe ursgartad ar fleghuib / eiridh si roim cach co grott, H 3.18, 37.28 . Of removing people etc. when work likely to cause an accident is in progress: slainti easbu ┐ etorbu do cetsceinm na slisne . . . iar ndliged urfocra ┐ urscarta, Laws v 156.z Comm. ised dlegar urfocra ┐ urscartad do riagail riú urfocra do codnachaib ┐ urscartad rob ┐ ecodnach, iii 174.5 Comm. See also s. airscar. Of animals: ? ursgartad in chon araig, O'Curry 1028 ( H 3.18, 432b ) (= eascairi in con, Laws iii 272.9 Comm. ). urrscartadh gu marbadh dani in cat ┐ urrscartadh gan marbadh dani in cu thall, O'D. 2302 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 29d ). Of clearing a space, etc.: caithge raite .i. ime fris . . . ┐ a slaige ┐ a nurscartadh, Laws iv 144.23 . erscartadh na ttighedh o tempal doire do dhénamh, AFM ii 1146.5 . [do] uhí urscardadh an leath thall uile fa chomhair mic rí É. the space was cleared in the farther half of the house(?), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1621 .

(b) = airscar (b): amra an teg h-i sin itir irscartad ┐ dergudha, Ir. MSS. Ser. i 178.8 ( YBL 118b3 ). aurscartad derggibair fo mrechtruncain uile, TBFr. 73 . eter irscartad ┐ imdorus (a palace), LU 8048 ( FB 1 ). airinich créduma ┐ aurscartud dergibair, 8730 (55) . fora imdorus ┐ a urscartad, O'Curry 810 ( H 3.18, 374b ). imdorus duin cona aurscartad, 882 (ib. 395a).

2 aithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithne or dil.ie/2754
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aithgne, aichinte, aithennta

O. Ir. aithgne. io, n. Later f., and g s. also aichinte, PH 2910 . aithennta, ZCP vi 276.32 (infl. by 3 aithnid). Vn. of ad-gnin, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 . IGT Verbs § 54 .

(a) act of knowing, recognising, perceiving; knowledge, recognition, perception: do aithgniu ┐ etarcnu dǽ treu, Ml. 42b13 . ar is hé as eola fri aidgne ind athar (gl. missit Deus Spiritum Filii sui in corda uestra), Wb. 19d9 . do thudidin do menman do aidgniu gl. quoniam benignitas Dei ad penitentiam te adducit, 1c15 . aithgne et adrad, 1b13 . cin sula, di aithniu no foircsiu (leg. -in?) mignima, Laws i 238.14 . as ionad anma d'a.¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . ┐ iat ic aichne a n-inaid catha do congbail for they knew that their place of battle was being kept, CCath. 6143 . cen aithgne a litri có sin without knowing his letters, Trip.² 97 . a.¤ reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama, IGT Introd. 2.19 . robo dibreite aichne . . . in Baibiloin da togail it was inconceivable that B. should be destroyed, BB 6b53 . lucht aichinte Isu those who knew Jesus, PH 2910 . gin gur ghabhuis a.¤ uaim-si as reil dait though you weren't told by me, RC xliii 42 § 39 . do thaobh eólais is aithni, O'R. Poems 1202 . triur as lia iul is a.¤ (of the Trinity). DDána 25.6 . a.¤ thoile Dé, Parrth. Anma 3306 . aos aitheanta ar gceirdi-ni, Content. xxii 17 note . dom a.¤ to my knowledge, Aithd. D. 16.38 . Content. xviii 67 .

Less commonly with follg. AR: beas is mísí is olc aichní ar Isac perhaps it is I who do not know I. properly, BB 236b21 , do reir ar n-aithni-ne ar Conn as far as we know C., ML² 1426 . Cf. a.¤ ar chur ┐ ar chosg réime knowing about, IGT Introd. 2.6 . dlighidh a.¤ iomurbhádha . . . ┐ ar bhráithribh . . . dísbeaguidh, 2.30 .

Used like 3 aithnid: nī ha.¤ dhamh dhīobh díogha I know no refuse among them, O'R. Poems 3161 . a.¤ dhamh go bhfaghair . . . I know that you find . . ., Luc. Fid. 301.7 .

Transfd. of persons: an tú m'a.¤ `are you my acquaintance?' Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 1 . ní mé bhur n-a.¤ `he whom you know', Studies 1922, 245 § 1 = Dánta Gr. 47.1 . bhur na.¤ ┐ bhur neamha.¤ those of you who are known etc., CRR² 13 . cabair . . . a carat na a lan-a.¤ , `intimate acquaintances', MR 238.16 . Cf. mo dhaoine aitheanta acquaintances , TSh. 4252 (3 aithnid?).

Transfd. meaning that by which something may be recognized; characteristic: caide ém aichne rinnairde? Fél. 4.26 . is si a.¤ na tunataide, Laws iii 98.2 Comm. cair caide airceand? .i. comaircim caiti a.¤ na aircinde itir, iv 138.y Comm.

(b) In more active sense of coming to recognise or getting to know: cloc focain cethra .i. . . . fo braigit dia n-a.¤ , Laws i 142.15 Comm. secht ndoirsi fora thichthe / ind laich nar hannsa d'aichne, Rawl. 87a11 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . ní ermadair . . . aichne adnacail a maicc she was unable to recognise, Trip.² 1441 . báttar iaramh ag a.¤ ┐ ag adhnacal a ccaomh ┐ a ccarat, AFM v 1646.27 . doním tar muir d'a.¤ uaim / a ghruaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 242.23 . ar eagla h'aithennta for fear of being recognized, ZCP vi 276.32 . ar n-a.¤ Donnchaidh dhóibh, IGT Decl. ex. 670 . With vb. and AR, FOR: saig aithgne forru try to recognise them, IT i 144.24 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair conar bé Ailill the girl recognized that he was not A., IT i 126.9 ( TE § 12 Eg.). sáilim a.¤ ar an guth nglan / gan cruth a aighte d'ḟégadh I think I recognize (him) by his clear voice, Prolegomena 44 § 16 . míorbhuile máthar Íosa / iomdha fear fhuair a n-a.¤ got to know them, DDána 10.39 .

In phr. beirid (somet. do-beir) aithniu (d s.) with follg. accus. or clause recognizes, realizes, gets to know: ni beram achni (= achniu) aní sin we know nothing of that, LU 10100 ( Imr. Brain 64 ). aralégda (leg. araléga edd.) inda libra ar a mbelaib combo moude ronduca athgnu `let him read the books before them, so that he may gain the more knowledge of them(?)', Mon. Tall. 160.z (§ 79) . tresaní nad rucis aithgnu since thou didst not recognize him, Ériu ii 222.15 . na ber aichne, ar bid fír recognize it, for it will be true, Alex. 835 (with inf. pron. 3 s. n., no bera, v.l.). tuc an ingin a.¤ gurbh'e righ Erenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6 . tucsad Gaill aichne cur' fír sin `perceived', RC xviii 299.4 (Tig.) du-s-rad a.¤ gur `he knew that', Fl. Earls 52.18 . Note also: aenoclach . . . m'a.¤ doberudh go becht, Prolegomena 44 § 15 .

Do-beir a.¤ for recognizes (of persons and things only): dobéra imorro cach duine thall aich[ne] for araile iar n-esergi, LU 2661 . sí sin aichni do-biur-sa forru that is what I recognize them for, TBC-LL¹ 1247 . as é sin do ber a.¤ ar galar in duine, 5508 . ní tucsatt . . . na manaig aichne for Colmán, BColm. 80.25 . ní thuc . . . a ech a.¤ ar a hechlais, IGT Decl. ex. 555 . léicid aithne co reveals one's identity to: ro léacceas m'aithne chuicce, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 71.17. do leig a aithne chuca, Smaointe B. Chr. 5219 (seipsum eis revelat).

(c) recognition (in sense of recognition of a poet by his patron), generosity: an dáonnacht 's an deagha.¤ , O'R. Poems 71 . fear a.¤ na healadhna / urradh is fhearr le a cheathra, 1075 . nár dhamh . . . / gan mh'a.¤ dod ghruaidh ghairthe (of a poet), Aithd. D. 46.1 . benacht chugaibh . . . ar son na ha.¤ do-rin[n] sibh ar an dan so, Mackinnon Cat. 117.14 . tug séala athanta ar shleachtaibh . . . `recognition's seal', Ó Bruad. i 204 xvii .

(d) With subj. gen.: ba maith . . . enech ┐ aichne na mná generosity(?), LB 129a29 . Cf. as é . . . bud ferr i[n] aichni 'na einech (.i. bud fer ri aichni .i. ingne inntlechta) `whose wit was clearest in his countenance', RC xxiv 46 § 3 . fear h' a.¤ si a man with your knowledge, Oss. v 26.7 .

ammus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ammus or dil.ie/3180

 

Forms: amas, amais

n u, m. Later o. amas m. (g s. and n p. amais), IGT Decl. § 53 . Vn. of ad-midethar. See Celtica i 339 .

(a) attempt, effort: ind aimsea gl. adnisús, Ml. 104a1 . ambat nersaigthi a n-aimsi gl. inritís conatibus, 127c25 . amsiu gl. conátus (noxios), 16a2 . int a.¤ admidethar a combach `the effort which he makes to break it' (the Host), Thes. ii 253.14 . dá éignighe do-bheir duine amus ar aithrighe do dhéanamh however hard a person tries to repent, TSh. 2431 .

(b) act of tempting, temptation: ainsium ar lín a.¤ protect me against a number of temptations, Fél. Jan. 30 . ní digen a.¤ forsin Coimdid I shall not tempt the Lord, Trip.² 2326 . tiagam cu tartam a.¤ fair dús in fortachtaigfe a déa, 2618 . ni tharda amus for da choimdid ┐ for da Dia, PH 4717 .

(c) act of attacking; attack: connar étad ní dóib asna amsib sin so that they could not be harmed by those attacks, IT i 74 § 12 (LMU). fógluaisi Fuamnach gaeth n-ammais, Ériu xii 154.19 . tucus-[s]a amais mora ┐ ro elodar as gach amus (of Juno's attempts to harm the Trojans), Aen. 1618 . rotesctha milidh righ isínd amus sin, BB 206b42 . le hamas oidhche, Rel. Celt. ii 301.37 . ocht bfhaolchoin do amus forsan ttréd, BNnÉ 183 § 5 . sgaram re haimsibh Éreann, IGT Decl. ex. 1351 . amus longphuirt attack on a camp, ZCP xiv 249.11 . do tabairt amuis longpuirt ar feraib Erenn, RC xviii 273.3 (Tig.). amus caillea (amass coilledh, v.l.) attack in a wood, Cog. 74.13 . Fig. amus ceneoil do denum de no tuilithe do rad ris to assail his legitimacy, Laws i 192.4 Comm. do beir amus do bachall Ísu fair, Trip. ii 454.9 . dergthair coltur iarsain i tenid et dober in liaig a.¤ de for broind ind fir makes as if to attack the man's chest, LL 329a41 . in duine ba hail leo d'amas . . . don tslisin the person whom they wished to hit with the withe, Laws iii 226.26 Comm. nach neich fora tabrad a.¤ , RC viii 50.4 ( LL 13327 ). ba nār laiss a.¤ amlaid fair that he should be insulted like this, BColm. 74.10 .

(d) guess, conjecture: is hé a a.¤ lemm gl. cum iam fere centum annorum esset, Wb. 2c27 . hua ambus gl. conicio, Ml. 75d8 . huand a.¤ gl. coniectura, 91c6 . amus nó baramhail, Keat. i 46.11 . go dtug gach aon . . . amus fair made a guess at it, 103.25 .

(e) act of hitting the mark: do anfadh én re a amas `the bird would wait to be struck', Studies 1920, 99 § 12 . nach teibeadh aonurchar air gan an t-ubhall d'amus without hitting the apple, Keat. ii 3301 . do lógh eólchoire dhamos from being plunged in grief, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 19 § 29 . do-bheirid an drong oile amus ar na harmaibh `seized the arms', Keat. iii 2847 . tugsad amus ar a gcorránuibh seized their hooks, PCT 285 . Prob. also in: a ḟorom ┐ a a.¤ ┐ a ammsigi, LL 8291 (TBC).

(f) Metr. assonance , imperfect rhyme: ní fhuil san amus acht fogar ionann do bheith ag na guthaidhibh etc., Éigse vi 345.3 . See p. 344 - 348 and Ir. Syll. Poetry 9 .

In prep. phrase for (ar) a.¤ Orig. expressing purpose, anticipation etc.: ar amus oencat[h]a for the purpose of a single battle, CCath. 5504 . da for nertadh ar a.¤ mait[h]iusa do denamh, 5524 . fuaratar clocha . . . co mbertis leo iat for amus a llias, PH 1035 . atnagar an long ar a hamus the ship is brought to fetch her, ACL iii 309.20 .

Hence against: sluaiged la Toirrdelbach ar amus Tighernain, RC xviii 176.7 (Tig.). credimsi in firDia cedna / dom churp ar amus eca `helper of my body against death's attack', RC xxiii 408.2 . tionóilid go h-armtha ar amus na Lionóidech, Hy Fiach. 336.7 .

Most frequ. in purely local sense to, towards (see St. Ercuil Gloss.): comēirgid Ulaid ara amus, TBC-I¹ 528 . tiagait . . . for a.¤ Ratha Ini, TFerbe 57 . ac tócuriud Conch. ar a.¤ a fhledi, MU² 155 . rogell Tairrdelbach co tibredh aramus na cleirech `deliver him to the clergy' (of a prisoner), RC xviii 162.21 . In hostile sense: tarlaicset a tri coíctu camman ar ammus a chendmullaig in meice, LL 8342 .

amsán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amsán or dil.ie/3226

 

n dimin. of amus: amsáin ísil Ísu , Fél. Prol. 152 .

anacul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anacul or dil.ie/3264

 

Forms: anacal, anaghal, anagal, anacol, anaicthe

n (with voiceless -c- (see GOI § 180 ), but in later lang. also with -gh-) o, [n.] (see GOI § 731 ). Later m. anacal, anaghal m., IGT Decl. § 17 . anagal, Verbs § 52. Also anacol. Note g s. anaicthe, TTr.² 1892 . Vn. of aingid.

(a) act of protecting, shielding; protection ; adhnacal (= anacul?) .i. ad dliged ┐ cal coimēt ┐ nāi duine .i. coimēt dligid in duine, Corm. Y 93 . do-bert A. a druim frisin comlaid dia n-anacol, MU² 956 . díon m'anaim dí gidh docar / taghaim í dom anacal, DDána 1.14 . mōr mbiodhbhadh bhíos 'gá foghuil / beag bhíos ag brath anaghuil, O'R. Poems 1306 . um dhíon cceall, um dhál ndocar / lámh ōr fhearr a n-anacal, 1528 . (do) a.¤ x ar y protecting x against y: sochraite Dé domm a.¤ ar intledaib demnae, Thes. ii 356.15 . in Trinoid dom anacul / in Trinoid dom shnádud, / . . . / ar cach nguin, Ériu ii 92.y . da mbet fir hErend . . . acott a.¤ ḟorom, TBC-LL¹ 5956 . da hanachal ar a báthadh, IT ii2 143.536 . oramsa dá anaghal shielding him from me, TD 23.23 . mar nách foil anacal ort / ag moigh cladhṡocar Chonnacht since Connacht has no means to withstand thee, 2.41 . do-gní a.¤ ar x protects x: do rinne anacal ar Chonnla, Keat. ii 5041 . fiafruighis créad as a ndearnadar anacal ar an draoi, 5697 .

(b) act of sparing, giving quarter; quarter: imb anacol dom fa nac, Wb. 23a6 . bá ferr búaid a n-anocail oldás búaid a ṅgona, BDD² 955 . an bó do cascairt . . . ┐ an mac d'ánocal, Ériu iii 160 § 13 . Barabás do anocul ┐ Ísu do crochad, PH 3272 . in didma th'anacol noco didém or F., LU 5232 . um anocal manma damsa to spare my life, Ériu v 148.48 . beir buide n-anacuil a Chonchobuir repay the sparing of your life, LL 13241 = emde, Sc.M² 20 . dober logh n-anacail `I shall give a ransom', RC vi 183.6 . ni ascid anacail no midlachais iarraim-se fort, TBC-LL¹ 2308 . nir cadus ┐ nir chomarci . . . in t-a.¤ sin, Cog. 184.10 . nar gab anacal uathaib he did not accept quarter, ALC ii 66.2 . tabhraidh anacal dam give me quarter, Atlantis iv 172.21 . nár an iarraidh anaghail `such asking for quarter is a shame', Content. ix 13 . anmain i nanmain .i. anacal (formula used by vanquished in appealing for quarter), Ériu xvi 38.1 . ma . . . dorinde na tri garmanda anacail is slán dó, O'Curry 523 (H 3.18, 262b) `i.e. when attacking a place in a hostile territory it was necessary to ask three times if any friendly person were within, and if so they must be allowed to depart', Plummer MS notes. Phrase maithem (n-)anacuil = a.¤ : tairind t'[fh]eirg, a ri, ┐ tabair maithem n-anocail uaid don gilla oc-sa give quarter, TTebe 2546 . do beart somh maithemh n-anacail dóibh `he gave them pardon and protection', AFM vi 1952.9 . do chuinghidh siodha ┐ maithme nanacail, iii 180.15 . Of remitting or not exacting dues, etc. sluaiged erraig ┐ fodmair d'a.¤ ar na haicmedaib sin, Hy Maine 66.3 .

anfoss

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfoss or dil.ie/3600

 

n (foss) restlessness, wandering: amḟos no anfos .i. inti nabi foss [air] acht ho locc do locc, Thr. Ir. Gl. 1.16 (= Corm. Y 12 , etymol. of amus). Tuan mac Cairill . . . / dorad Ísu for anfos whom Jesus sent wandering, ZCP iii 31.3 . īar sain tucad écomlond / for Echdaig . . . / co fil a charnd for Maig Rois / a lín robói deas anfois, ZCP iii 44 § 18 , where Thurn., ZCP ix 208 would read: d'éis a.¤ `nach dem Schweifen'. ni laig aimsir for rinn . . . fir ḟuis na fir anfuis, O'Curry 2470 ( Eg. 88, 38 (39)a ) = 1901 ( 23 P 3, 23 (21)b ) `absentee', Plummer MS notes. Cf. anfois.

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