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breithem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithem or dil.ie/6699
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: brithem, breitheamh, breitheam, brithemnu

n n, m., later also o, m. O. Ir. brithem (breth). breitheamh, m., IGT Decl. § 51.

Judge (gl. iudex, arbiter in Wb., Ml. breitheam gl. arbiter, Ir. Gl. 366 ). Lit. `maker of judgments', Lat. iuris consultus, Críth G. p. 79 , and in legal texts usu. in the wider sense of jurist, (`brehon' in the published Laws), whose functions could include that of adjudicating . See also Binchy, Ériu xviii 45. In religious literature, frequently of God or Christ : atá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus gl. omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 . ní áis æccalsa ata brithemin lib, 9c7 . fírbrithem gl. Dominus, 8d25 . brithem . . . .i. Crist gl. Deus iudicabit, 9c2 . in aimsir inna mbritheman, Ml. 104a8 . brithem firianamam gl. arbiter . . . æquissimus, 94b6 . 92a15 . dond fírbrithemain gl. cognitori, 26c11 . fírbrithem gl. iudicem, 27c1 . suide bri[th]emon gl. tribunal ( Acts xxv 10 ), Thes. i 498.17 . aimser breitiman, Hib. Min. 4.5 . in brithem firén (viz. God), LU 1999 ( FA 6 ). tri brithemain ind rig sin, 7630 (BDD). a brithemnu (v p.), LL 36440 ( RC xxi 380.12 ). hi cathair bretheman `in the judge's seat', Ériu iv 128.15 . dul doib co cend n-athchomairc Muman co brithem Caisil, iii 140.6 . Daniel fáith . . . brethem cundail na senoire = iudicem . . . senum, PH 5587. doïb bas brithem dia brātha (i.e. Pátraic), ACL iii 303 § 3. do bretheamh choitcenn roæntuighseatt eatarra C. `that C. should be arbitrator between them', Lism. L. 2532. breitheamh breabóideach, TSh. 6787. b.¤ aislingthi ` interpreter of dreams (of Maelcaba Cleirech)', MR 10.5 . ollam britheman, LL 3722.

In legal texts: atáa mí (sc. mí sílta) nád n-imthet rí acht cethrur . . . rí ┐ brithem ┐ dias i manchuini, Críth G. 537. i faitche . . . breitheamun aird, Laws ii 16.12 . ni breitheamh nach Seanchaidh, ┐ ni Seanchaid nach bretheamh i mBreathaibh Nimeadh .i. leabhar deridh ṡaothair na Seanchadh ┐ na mbretheamhan bheos, MS. Mat. 575. 17 - 20 , Ériu xiii 7 n.1 . a reir brithemon, Laws iv 212.3 . daernemed tra, saeir . . . ┐ legi ┐ breitemain, v 90.20 . foirbeir saeiri breathemain ┐ sair corigi biatad da fear deg, ┐ cug seoit dec i n-a diri, 30 `the franchise of jurists . . . increases etc.', PRIA xxxvi (C) 277 § 37 . dú imbet coir fechamain fri athcomarc a brethe don b.¤ where there are competent parties to question the judge on his judgment (Thurn.), Cóic Con. 57 § 133. breitem teora mbret .i. bret feni ┐ breth filed ┐ breath berla bain `a brehon of three judgments' (has increase of refection and díre), Laws v 92.16 . breitheam tri mberla, coimdiri do fri hoiri tuise, 100.16 . secht mbreitheamain nad fuigliter la Feine seven jurists to whom a case is not brought in Irish law, 352.17 . ni hed dlegur don breitheamuin a radh i ndlegur no na dlegur in cin, ii 52.20 Comm. a nord mbretheman `in the Brehon code', iii 30.z. oc dun breitheaman na tuaiti `the Brehon of the territory', iv 106.2 Comm. Note also: mac breitheman tuaithe `a lay brehon', AFM v 1710.8 .

Compd. ceann brughadh is breitheamhmaicne, DDána 89.13 .

1 iúdic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 iúdic or dil.ie/29199

Forms: iudice, iugig

n m. (Lat. iudex ) n p. iudice, PH 2865. LB 139b34 . a judge: Samsón mongach ba íudic i n-Israel, LL 226b23 . ise an la ... bus íudic breithi etramsa ┐ Poimp, CCath. 5060. 4502 . a i.¤ angid etrocair fri logud a pheccaid do neoch aile, PH 8234. oirchinnig ┐ iúdice in popuil, 2865 . hiúdicc imorro e-side, giustis ┐ fer follamnaigthi rechta, 2577 . ro-ordaig Cessair ina inad fén 'na i.¤ foraib-si, 2770 = iugig, YBL 143b45 . in brethem ┐ in t-íudicc amra, LB 143b41 . iudice batar forru co Dauid, 139b34 . Giuistís Céitinn ... iuidic taistil tíre Mogha, Ó Bruad. ii 276.11 .

midemain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. midemain or dil.ie/32184

Forms: midhemhana

n f. late Mid.Ir. vn. of midithir.

(a) judging: aingil nime ic a forguill . . . Crist fén oc a m.¤ (= Christus iudex ), PH 5336.

(b) contemplating, surveying (in order to form a judgement); reconnoitring: ic midemuin na ndúl (of a druid), TBC-LL¹ 5490 St. oc midhemhain na nóeden, Moling § 8. gid fata ro beth fer . . . ac mideamain na n-ingen sin, TTebe 733 . ic midhemain ┐ ic mordecsain for in longphort, CCath. 5429. do midheamhain . . . an tíre ina thimchell, Hugh Roe 156.18 (fo. 42a) . do mhidheamain an tslóigh, AFM iv 988.16 .

(c) the act of reflecting; meditation: ag midheamhain ar ghuaisibh an bháis, TSh. 9849. do tharbha na midhemhna so, Parrth. Anma 391.3 . pl. doním midhemhana fada ar na pianaibh do fhulaing Criosd, 426.11 .