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bairgen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bairgen or dil.ie/5232
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f.

(a) bread, loaf: descad fo bairgin, Wb. 9b13 . bendachais . . . / . . . na coig bairghena, Blathm. 33. for usciu ┐ bairgin, Ériu xix 62 § 23. fer dénma bairgine gl. pistor, Sg. 184b3 . ised . . . as toisechem do duiniu .i. b.¤ (ref. to frumenti), Ml. 20d2 . tort .i. b.¤ , Corm. Y 1200. ainm . . . do losait arindī lethait[h]ir bairgin (b., v.l.) fuirre, Anecd. iv 69.11 (Corm. Y s.v. lethech ). b.¤ in(d)ruic nó dí bairgin banḟuini a large loaf or two small loaves, Críth G. 117 (see note). bairgin ferfuine, BCrólige 22 § 27 n. 2 . b.¤ huasal-laithe cona handlonn, Laws i 106.2 .i. b.¤ casc no notlac, no domnaigh, 27 . bargena réile remḟúir, SR 6172. cóic fichit bargen cruithnechta, LU 8125 ( FB 9 ). ní bheantar a hainm don bhairíghin (prov., i.e. bread of the poorest quality is still bread), Mac Aingil 4733 .

Of the Sacramental Bread: fobdidithir (leg. fobáidither, edd.) leth na bairgine isin cail[i]uch, Thes. ii 251.11 (Stowe M.). conbongar in b.¤ , 12 . cip é thóimles bairgin in choimded, PH 5342. san mbairghin gcaoimh gcoisreactha, Aithd. D. 53.14 . A portion of bread (bairgen Coluim Cilli): ochtmad im bairgine coluim cilli, Mon. Tall. 155 § 68 . Peritia xvii/xviii 225 .

(b) In wider sense food, plain diet: b.¤ a nomine bargos [ἐπαρκῶς, ed.] i.e. saturitas , Corm. Y 172. b.¤ gl. holus, Wb. 6b10 . b.¤ gl. garga (leg. quadra ? Stokes), Ir. Gl. 141. in bh.¤ (here refers to a salmon), ZCP xi 43 § 37.

cenéle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cenéle or dil.ie/8605

n io, n. (cenél)

(a) a c.¤ ndóine the human race : hoa rícc dia á cenele ṅdoine, Wb. 5c16 . rún ícce in cheneli dóine, 21c22 . ind huili ceneli doine `of the whole race of men', Ml. 81d1 . ic cenele doine `salvation of the human race', Blathm. 105 . anmain in cheneli doine, Ériu vii 152.19 .

(b) In tribal names: trī tellaige tra cenēle Binnig Glinni, ZCP viii 297.15 .

(c) sort, kind, type (freq. with prec. cach): filus trechenelæ martre, Thes. ii 246.27 (Cambr.). cech c.¤ cosnama `every kind of strife', Wb. 6b1 . do cach cenéolu aṅglaine . . . do cach ceneoli (sic) cloine, 3b24 - 5 . cenelae ciuil inso, Ml. 2b14 . forsa cenélae metir sin, Sg. 8a13 . cenelæ n-etha, 64a9 . ceinelae liac gl. abaddir, Études Celt. xi 117 . c.¤ n-imberta gaiscid, Fraech 215 . Of animals: cenelae nathrach gl. `nepai' pro `nepae', Sg. 114b4 . ainm do cheneliu éisc, Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech .

éices

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éices or dil.ie/19717

Forms: éces, éice, t-eigess, écis, éicis, ecis, eiciss, eceis, eceis, ecis, egsi, éigse, éicsiu, ecsiu, éicse, éicseo, éigse, heicsiu, hexe, hexi, heicsi, hécseo, éces, eges, éigeas, eicsi, écsib, eixibh, éigsibh

n o, m. n s. éces, éice, Corm. Bodl. s. lethech . in t-eigess , Corm. Y p. 90.25 . g s. ind écis , Metr. Dinds. i 50.67 . ind éicis , Corm. Bodl. s. lethech . n p. ind ecis , Corm. Y, p. 91.7 . ind eiciss , p. ix 27 . and eceis, p. x 22 . an eceis , Dinds. 64 (v.l. in ecis BB. in egsi , Lec.). éigse TD 8.16 (but this may be collect.; cf. éicse). v p. a éicsiu hÉrenn, Ériu vii 220.10 . a ecsiu Fail, ZCP viii 105 y . a éicse Banbha, Metr. Dinds. iv 316.19 . a éicseo (: so) 316 z . a éigse , Keat. ii 1641 . a p. inna heicsiu , Corm. Y p. 93.2 (= inna hexe , p. x 14 . na hexi , p. xv 27 , inna heicsi , Bodl.). lasna hécseo , Metr. Dinds. iii 146.12 . g p. éces LL 128a1 = MacCarthy 166 . eges, Corm. Y p. 91.3 (= écces, p. viii z ). éigeas, TD 3.10 . d p. eicsi, Auraic. 2120 . écsib, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.9 . eixibh, ZCP viii 109.23 . éigsibh, TD 11.15 .

The word may be cognate with (do)-écci, and the original meaning is probably seer (see éicse), but though this would suit the context in many exx. it is commonest in the general sense of scholar, learned man, sage, poet ; often used as an equivalent of fili , but the latter is (in Middle and later Irish, at least) a more specialized term: eces .i. ecmacht-ces .i. ecmacht a ches d[o] airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 . fofuair clocenn ind oirci ┐ dobert hi ceist dond filid...tethnæ iarum in t-éces tre tenm laido conepert cáin, etc. cend moga heime inso, Corm. Bodl. s. Mugeme . eraicept na n-eiges (.i. na n-ai gan ches .i. na bfiled), Auraic. 2260 - 3 . la heigius .i. filid, 2794 . drecht d'écsib... cardáis tractad cech cetail, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.9 . laidh... is dir...d'éicsib ocus d'ḟileadaibh d'aisneis, MR 92.4 . éices ocus filid in rig .i. Dub Diad Drai a ainmside, MR 46.5 . écess óenmná `a sibyl' Ériu iv 100 . an t-eigeas, ML 22.13 = an draoi, 20.23 . an t-ord éigius `the bardic order' Ériu ix 164 § 14 . Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 92 § 5 . Studies 1925, 403 . is iomdha leabhar sgríobhtha síos ag éigsibh ar éachtaibh Ḟinn..., Oss. iv 272 .

Of a member of a bardic retinue: in t-eigess di muinthir Senchain, Corm. Y p. 90.25 s. prull (= intecsine, Bodl.). coíca écces a líon cenmotha eixíni, Corm. Y viii z . ni ruc (Senchán) co Guaire acht tri chaegad éceas agus tri chaegad eicsín, Oss. v 38.6 .

As title after npr.: Senc[h]an eices hErenn uili, Corm. Y p. x 16 (= eges, p. 93.3 ). Seanc[h]an eiceas, file agus primhollamh Con[n]acht, Oss. v 32.9 . Torna éces, LU 38a22 . YBL 188b8 . do réir Thorna Éigeas, Keat. ii 5462 .

COMPDS. (a) éices-mac: in t-éigess-mac | dá ngoirthí Daighre Dúanach, Duan. F. p. 10 x . (b) éicsfili: budh iomdha...éigsḟilidh dá riar, Ó Héodhusa, Ir. Monthly 1920, 651 .

éicsín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicsín or dil.ie/19733

Forms: t-eigsin, t-eicsin, ēicsīne

n (perh. a by-form of éicsíne, q.v.) a student of poetry, a poet's pupil or apprentice: eicsín beg a hiarthor Éireann (= Cerball Ó Dálaig), Ériu iv 52.39 . cf. in t-eigsin , in t-eicsin , Corm. Y p. 69.25 , 26 ( lethech ), where the second = in t-ēces, p. 69.23 , etc. and the first possibly = an t-ēicsīne , p. 69.22 , etc. tri chaegad éceas agus tri chaegad eicsín, Oss. v 38.7 .

éicsíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicsíne or dil.ie/19734
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: exine

n io, m. a learner of `éicse'; a student of poetry, a poet's pupil or apprentice: luid (Cruitene) do thig alaile écis ┐ a gilla leis .i. écsini side co menmain fithidrea, Corm. Bodl. ( lethech ) . filidh amra...eicsine laisidhe oc frithgnam, ZCP vii 305.10 . ro rathaigestar in t-éices mormenmain ind eicsine ┐ laget a frithgnama, Corm. Bodl. (s. lethech ) . do p[h]romad ind eicsine, ib. O'Gr. Cat. 94. 17 . oc tuidecht écsi dia écsinib imparting wisdom to his pupils RC xxvi 12.9 ; 22 n. 9 . cóeca eices a llín cenmotha éicsiniu, Corm. Bodl. s. prull . int ecsine di muintir S., ib. = exine, Corm. Y p. xiii 21 . eigess, p. 90.25 . foric in n-écsíne oc múnud a aiciuchta, LU 11002 . airacept na neicsiné (v.l. na hécsene), IT iii 32.3 (part of first year's course). Cf. éicsín.

fechtas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fechtas or dil.ie/21414

Forms: fechtusa, fechtais, fechtusaib

n u, o, m. (fecht)

I A journey, expedition (of a peaceful or warlike nature): décai dámsa ... co bbia mo ḟ.¤ how will my expedition fare? LU 4528 (= fecht-sa, TBC-I¹ 280 ). luid in fer a f.¤ , LU 11017 = Imr. Brain i 53 . cech fer teged dia tochmarc ... rogonta fer dia muintir; do dearbad in fechtais dognitea sin as a proof of (having made) the expedition RC v 202.18 . bid trúag in f.¤ fír-feirggisea this wrathful expedition LL 236b14 ( TTr. 1453 ). ? dochuaid dano C. cor fectais do a thaigsidi, Corm. Bodl. s.v. mug eme = cor fechtas, Corm. Y 883 . dolotar ... cor fechtas hi crich Lagen for creich, Hib. Min. 70.13 (= lotar fecht i tir L. for creich, 70.1 ).

II A turn, time, occasion (used like fecht, but less common): fechtas luid do thig alaile écis once upon a time Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech ( Corm. Y 825 ). feachtus docuaidh Cir do triall forbuse i nEdail, IT iii 69 § 17 . do luid feachtus n-ann dar A., BDD 1 (fecht v.l.). fechtus dia mbui Eachaid hi Frémainn co ndernad oenach, IT i 128.14 . bai fechtas ic hingaire he was once herding SR 5714 . bámar-ni feachtus i m-mórdáil fer nÉreand, Ériu iv 138.22 . badus[s]a fechtus ┐ dail mor imum, MR 74.17 . f.¤ and tra fertha óenach la hUltu LU 3228 ( SCC 2 ). fechtus ann (= quadam die) Lat. Lives 110 . atbertsom fechtus ele on another occasion PH 3339 . ropo rí foraind fechtus n-aile t'athair once, formerly 4472 . fechtus do Adamnan ... oc imticht a conairi once as A. was going ... Cáin Ad. 6 . sain muinter cach la fechtus beress a tochell alternately Corm. Y 607 (cach la fecht LB). fri fechtus fadésin `in his own turn' Laws i 224.21 Comm. ar m'ḟechtus `in my turn' Metr. Dinds. iii 62 . g s. atharrach fechtusa eile another turn, once more Laws i 98.23 Comm. Adverbial g s. cacha fechtais no theigead, BDD 19 . pl. i tri fechtusaib at three different times Laws ii 266z . in lin fechtus teid forsin talmain the number of times it alights Ériu viii 123.10 .

fithidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fithidir or dil.ie/22251

Forms: fithir, fithidrea, fithirae, fithidire, fithithre

n m. also fithir ; g s. fithidrea, Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech (fithidire Y. fithirae LB). a teacher, esp. one who instructed scholars (écsíni) in the poetic art ; a word of more restricted application than `aite' and later confined to poetic style. fithir .i. athair an foirceadail no na healadhna, O'Cl. fithir (.i. in fithidir .i. in magistir), RC xx 248 ( ACC 52 ). bíd Moninnán ... a athir, a ḟithithir `M. will be his father, his tutor' Imr. Brain § 57 . fithithair fria fealmac (one of the legally recognized social connexions), Laws ii 344.4 (= in t-aite forcetail, 348.20 Comm .). fear cerda, ma[d] fithír `a man of art, if a professor' iv 236.15 . bendachais dia fithir (.i. aite), MacCongl. 11.3 . sóifid cách a dán i sáibforcital ... do chungid derscaigthe dia fithithir, RC xxvi 42 § 223 . fithighir fer nErenn re filidhecht ┐ re senchus, ALC 1506 . g s. isse ... bessad in gilla tosugud forcetail do t[h]engaid a fithidire , Corm. Y 676 (= fithera LB). ecsine ... co menmuin fithidire, 825 = (s.v. lethech ) a ḟithirae LB. móradh fithithire, Ériu xiii 25.7 . ? ca soitheach fithir is fó ? (.i. ca hadbhur oide), ZCP v 488.12 (B. na f.). pl. cona urērset felmaic a fithithre `so that pupils will not rise up (in respect) before their teachers' RC xxvi 42 § 222 . a ffithire forcthe fealmacacha, Hugh Roe 162.13 (f. 43b) .

fo-luigi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-luigi or dil.ie/23191
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: folaid, folaich, fullugaimm, -folcai, foluigi, foilcc, fus-luget, fo-d-lugai, farolgais, folloig, follaig, farrolaig, -forlaig, farlaic, foluicct[h]er, foilg-, falc-, folch-, falch-, -folaig, -foiligh

v i (for etym. see Ériu xii 221 ). ipv. 2 s. folaid (= folaig) Corm. Y 690 . folaich, ZCP viii 311.5 (Laud 610). pres. ind. 1 s. fullugaimm (gl. abdo) Sg. 22b4 . 2 -folcai, Lism. L. 3489 . 3 s. foluigi, Anecd. iii 57.14 (Laud 610) (cf. noda foilcc , SR 251 , by Strachan, VSR p. 68 , referred, with a query, to folcim; see folcaid). 3 pl. fus-luget, Ériu ii 110 § 29 . subj. pres. 2 s. mad fo-d-lugai (ma folugai, cia foluga, v.l.), Fél. June 6 . pret. and perf. 2 s. farolgais, LU 4119 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 10 ). 3 s. folloig, TBC-I¹ 2053 = follaig LU 6567 . farrolaig (refl.), Bodl. Corm. s.v. lethech ( Corm. Y 825 ), -forlaig, Fianaig. 16.6 , etc. Cf. con farlaic , AFM ii 586.20 . Pass. pres. foluicct[h]er, O'Mulc. 760 . Vn. 1 folach, q.v.

In Mid. Ir. commonly treated as simple vb., stem foilg- (failg-) (occas. folc- falc- may be scribal error), later folch-, falch- ( IGT III exx. 458 , 460 ); 3 s. perf. -folaig (-falaig, -foiligh).

Lit. `lays under ' hence

(a) covers, hides, conceals: foilgiseom a gnuis, LU 5200 ( -sseom, TBC-I¹ 721 ). follaig Medb ... a hainech, LU 6567 . cia ḟalchaid a agaidh, ZCP x 52.17 . folcuit a n-aighti ... lena mbélaib úachtair, Maund. 176 . do ḟalaich I. a chend re nāiri, Lec. [70b] 25 . ciaptar carait coraib crech | forrolaich talam, Rawl. 156b23 (possibly fosr-; = fos rolaic, BB 151b22 ). ni farlaig talam ... fer fo Mael ... Muru the earth never covered a man like M. AU 886 = Bruchst. i § 112 . nī forlaig hiriu ... sēt bad n-amradar, Fianaig. 16 § 39 . Cf. con farlaic tonn talman until earth covered him AFM ii 586.20 . See also c below. ro foilgeset in chlérig a lungai isin bailiu sin, Trip. 36.13 (375 = absconderunt). do ḟoilgettar ... a n-artraige, ITS xvi 28.14 . forroilged la G. dabach il-lac mara, Anecd. i 1y . rofoilgedh leis dabach lān di arcad, 4.26 . do folchadur na hIdhail an croch ... a talamh, Maund. 12 . rofolchadh cistedha ... fon talmain, BNnÉ 318 § 9 . cáitt inar ḟoilgis do mac? ... Nir ḟoilgius itir he where hast thou hidden thy son? I have not hidden him at all LB 144a38 . do rug se B. leis ┐ rofhoiligh e ina caislén, ZCP vi 277.1 . dá bhfolchadh úir a aghaidh IGT III ex. 458 . adeirid gur folchadh fa dhílinn e `was hidden from [? under] the deluge' Keat. i p. 152 (cf. Éigse iv 248 ). foluigh mé faói scáile do sciathán!, Psalms xvii 8 . mo lucht iomtha mh'uilc ... nīr ḟailgedar hid not my wrong-doing ZCP xii 383.30 ( YBL 372b26 ) = Dán Dé xvi 11 . mo chion féin acht nach folchuinn, Dán Dé xxii 29 . néall ... lé bhfolchar grian na ngrás, TSh. 10739 . gur ḟolaigheadar na tonna an t-arthrach, Matthew viii 24 . With FOR of pers. (Cf. 1 for II (l)): foilgid ... a gnúis forro hides his face from them TBC-LL¹ 1361 . ra foilged Ioib fair, LL 217a19 ( TTr. 11 ). do ḟaluigh oirn in gréin nglain | a sgáile his shadow hid the sun from us Anecd. 33 § 67 . cid uma bhfolcai forainn ratha ... in Spirta?, Lism. L. 3489 . rofoilghidh na slighthi ... forra, CCath. 2351 . ó ro ḟolchait [folcait foilgit v.l.] ardslébe na hEtáile forsin airdrí[g] were hidden (i.e. beneath the horizon) CCath. 1451 . foileóchad orra na fáidhe, Mac Aingil 416.16 (cf. Isaiah xxix 10 : prophetas ... operiet). With RÉ N-: is romainde ro falchabair bar mbiad, LB 154b44 . With FRI/RI: ris nach falchoid tíre a dtoirthe 'from whom regions do not hide their fruit', Giolla Brighde 16 § 20 .

Reflex. hides oneself: hi cressaib ... na secht nime fus-luget in dā crithmhil dēc (i.e. the Zodiacal signs), Ériu ii 110 § 29 . nos-failgid fo chossaib ... Menerba, Aen. 495 (= sub pedibusque deae ... teguntur Aeneid ii 227 ). farrolaig didiu Ciuitēni fadesin himmaig, Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech ( Corm. Y 825 ). nā roḟalcha diabul he fen i mbiadaib, LB 234b7 . do fhalcastair he a nduama aineolaig, TTebe 1259 .

Absol. : rotheigh ┐ ro folaig ría German hid (himself) from G. LU 242 (Todd Todd Nenn. 102 ).

(b) in specific sense covers, spreads ... over: ni fhalaigh aol | aghaidh chathrach a comhchaomh lime does not cover the front of a castle so fair Ériu v 60 . ro foilgetar an tech d'etaigiph, Aisl. Tond. 112 § 3 . do folchad na buird do srol ┐ do sída, Fianaig. 56.3 . do folcadh búird ... an ríoghtheaghlaigh ┐ do dáileadh togha gacha bídh ... forra, Maguires of F. § 28 . foileóchthar leó learga Midhe | ré méid na gcreach, TD 16.60 .

(c) various extensions of meaning: rabert béim din chulg dét dó go ra ḟolaig na chliab buried it in his chest TBC-LL¹ 3830 . nior folchadh gráinne nar ghin not a grain was sown but it sprouted, IGT III ex. 459 . ? noglésed a guth dóib, conda-foilged ind-ara fecht. dondiusced in fecht aile, Ériu i 114 § 2 (= so that he hid i.e. lowered and raised it alternately ?). mairg doman ┐ talam ┐ uisci i n-ar folchedh in tṡaerclann `was submerged' AU ii 520 (cf. Ann. Conn. 1365 § 8 ). in loch sa ... eter gnaī ┐ glór is ghen | ór is fīn faī do foilgedh beauty, speech and laughter, gold and wine were submerged beneath it (of drowning of Somairle) ib. anfa mara ... ros foluigh uile engulfed them (of Pharao and his hosts), Keat. ii 349 . bās Seaāin is dīth Donncaidh | gach nemāgh dá bfrīth falchaidh eclipse all disasters that were ever known ZCP ii 354.24 . an bior tarla san troighidh | cion na habhla do fholuigh, PBocht 21 § 22 . Cf. onchoin Ghaeidheal ar na nguin, folchaidh aeinḟear a n-easbhaidh `one man would supply their loss' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 156.6 . mar do beith sib beo co brāth ... falchaid mēt bar muirni a muig | cen chuimni fon ēc acuib the exuberance of your spirits hides death from your remembrance (?) ACL iii 239 § 24 .

fris-indlea

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fris-indlea or dil.ie/24367

Forms: frisninnlethar

v ā (indell; cf. frestlaid) in follg. exx. the under-lying sense seems to be meets, answers to, serves (a purpose, etc.), deals with (a piece of work); of persons, waits on, encounters, deals with (both in friendly sense and the reverse): in son frita indle la grecu (gl. interpretatio eorum apud Graecos, i.e. the Greek equivalent for them) Sg. 213a3 . ind .u. consain lasin Laitneoir is fern frisnindleastar [leg. -indlea] lasin nGaoidel ut est uir .i. fer ( i.e. Gaelic f corresponds to Lat. v), Corm. Y 576 . ni cluas donidnaig acht is trea donidnathur ┐ is í frisnindle the ear does not transmit it [the tradition] but it is through it that it is transmitted and it is it that receives and handles it H 3.18, 360b ( Laws i 37n ). dun aigni frisindli breth `the advocate who prepares [`dem ein Richterspruch entspricht' Thurn. Ir. Recht 47n .] judgment' Laws v 92.2 Comm. For the meaning of a.f.b. cf. further: in t-aidhni airberta ic toicid ┐ ac toxal do rigaib ... ┐ in t-aigni frisnindli breth ic feicemnus ima caingin, Laws v 100 Comm. in t-aídni frisnindli breth .i. noco n-uil acht glanadh ┐ cinnedh luig [sic B and Y; H 3.18, 178a has `luic' which is perh. correct, although this text is inaccurate in some places] ┐ aincesa atarru ┐ in t-ollam, Laws v 100.22 where the last sentence, rendered `between him and the ollam = distinguishing him from the ollam' i.e. the `glanad' etc. do not lie within his province, but within that of the ollam . Thurneysen's: `... der bestimmt mit dem Richter zusammen, welche Eide, etc., Ir. Recht 47 n. 8 , if it is a rendering of this passage is not entirely correct.

Of law-students: ma ra foglainnsetar condat aigneda frisnindle breith, Ir. Recht 46w . aigni frisninnle brith fer son taurrig tacrai fri bruinne brithi. asbeir fris aigni adgair: aigni dom air so corraib do lethi lim indiu imm in les[s]a; taurrigsidi tacra ... ┐ adsuidhi cin athcomarc do brethemain ┐ berair breth fair. ise fer in sin beras le[th]trian aroir taccra. belrai feni lais uile acht tulbretha ┐ ainches mbrethe. cuic seotu dec huaid do fiur forid cain ┐ a gairi ┐ a recht. ... ┐ is e in fersa agair o tosach [ = thoísech] tuaithi ┐ o brethemain ┐ o rig acht gnima r[e]achtairi ┐ ni beir baa o brethemain acht a folta. a les ria cach les ..., H 3.18, 375b ( O'Curry 813 ). In Laws i 290.32 : aigne frisninnle imuig represents: aigne f.¤ imuig, H 3.17, 108y (O'D.) = aighne fethamnuis amuigh, O'Curry 2697 ( Eg. 88 59 ).

Crist frisinnle mo chesta, Hy vi 9 , with gl. .i. rofrithaile, .i. dóene [leg. do-né] C. frithindel mo chest `may Christ prepare my pleadings' Thes., `may he draw up the statement of my case' Lib. Hymn. Gloss . deithbir dam ce phrisinliu tuaslugud mo tire a tuinidhiu tarrachtain, H 3.18, 18a ( ZCP xii 364 ). frisindle chaindill do deicse dus in bruithe in tairr, Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech ( Thr. Ir. Gl. 27 ) = frisnindle, Corm. Y p. 70 .

With pers. obj.: iar céssad ... frisindled la haingliu `was attended by' Fél. May 23 . frisindle in coin cona díb lámaib ( tackles, grapples with ) LU 5012 . a ndosreng fris a laim, fritninnle in ben asin tsid a woman of the elf-mound encountered him (i.e. caught him on the other side ?) RC xxv 344.6 . Pass. impers. frisninnlethar ó ogbhaidh na Saxan ... do granaoibhlibh ... a gunnadaibh (of returning a volley of musketry), Hugh Roe 216.6 (f. 57b) .

Vn. fresndal, cf. frestal.

frithgnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frithgnam or dil.ie/24488

Forms: frithgnom, frithgnam, frithgnama, frithgnamai, frithgnamu, frichn-, fricn-, frichnamh, fricnamh, f.

n u, m. (vn. of fris-gní; `dem lat officium nachgebildet,' Thurn. ZCP xiv 336 ). n s. frithgnom, Sg. 106b12 . a s. in frithgnam , Acr. 5c2 . g s. frithgnama, Ml. 42c2 . n p. frithgnamai, 39d15 . a p. inna frithgnamu , 56b4 . In later manuscripts generally frichn-; also, esp. in classical verse, fricn-: frichnamh fricnamh, m. IGT, Decl. § 28 (fricnamh ∴ aitreabh, ex. 365 ).

In general sense exertion, pains, labour directed to a specified object, and in objective sense (esp. in pl.) service rendered, function: frecor ceill nó frithgnom (gl. exercitus = Gk. γυμνασια) Sg. 106b12 . (gl. operam [dare]) Acr. 5c2 . pl. (gl. officia) Ml. 39d15 . (officia [membrorum]) 56b4 . la fége f.¤ with keen diligence Fél. Prol. 331 . domelom fleda búana cen rithgnom without toil LU 9997 . na chured in talam a torad ... di cen rithgnam trebaire, LL 217a12 ( TTr. 7 ).

Of applied labour, handiwork, fashioning (metal, etc.), with DO or FRI of pers., FOR or IMM of thing; also DO-GNÍ F.¤ FRI: screpall rob fiu in bunad ... ┐ da screpall dorormacht ealadu ┐ frichnum air the material was worth one scruple and art skill and labour increased it to two (of an iron pot) Laws v. 18.1 Comm. Cf. (of training a colt) a leth ... don fear dorigne in eladain ... a leth ... don fir dorigne in frichgnum ... ┐ frichgnum in tsearraig ina agaid sim, 214.8 Comm . Cóic Con. 48 , q.v. curach gan frichnum imruma fair (= that needed no rowing), Ériu iii 152.16 . biadha brechtnaighthi tre frichnuma meats diversified by skilled cookery (?) BB 499b10 (= Alex. 1007 , where tre f.¤ is om.). Of rotation at the mill: trian do eladhain sair ┐ trian do biud ┐ do borbrichnum, Laws iv 216.22 . tir ... nach eicin do fricnam tuair na slige `application of manure or shell' Laws iv 276. 9 . etham frichnamha (.i. tir inbela i mbi maith cach clann) `labour-requiring (?) arable land (axe-land in which every plant grows freely)' 276.6 . Of elaborate work, ornamentation: daronad tra f.¤ mor aicce si imon crand ... na croiche do legaib lógmaraib, LB 231a38 . Cf. do loghmhaire ┐ do ḟriothghnamh ... a n-éudach `of richenes and curiosity in ... cloathings' RSClára 135a .

Earnest effort, striving: dorigne (Cairnech) frichnam mor for anmain Muirchertaig exerted himself to save M's soul RC xxiii 428y . o'tchuala ... Dia a frichnum (i.e. their supplications) PH 1008 . is cora frichnam immpe na fa anoir na colla, 7409 .

Attendance, service on a person (esp. with regard to physical wants): galur gin frichnam leighis `without medical attendance' (or application of remedy ?) Laws ii 166.1 Comm. Cf. slan frichnuma o fuachar fuil (.i. is slan ... dont i feras an ḟuil acht co nderna frichnumh fria), BCrólige p. 80 . déntar in uli frichnama ocainde fria, LB 134b49 . ag denam friochnama ┐ fritheolma fair (of wild animals doing service) BNnÉ 104.9 . friochnamh maith ┐ fritheolmha do dhenamh dona hóinmidibh, RC xxix 219 . friochnamh re Dia fa ndligheann to render to God the service due to Him Dán Dé xxv 5 . cīs frichnama issed cīs frithcnama doberad dō: leth mbairgene mbrechtain fo salann ┐ cua essa guirt, nige dō cind cach xxet aidhci, folccu cacha sathairn tribute of service, this is the tribute of service they give to him, viz. half a loaf, etc., H 3.18, 373b19 ( O'Curry 807 ). Cf. satharnd do richnamh, Laws iv 216.8 ( Ériu xvii 72 ) which seems to refer to tributary service at the mill .

Managing, directing (?), with gen.: iar mbeith fiche bliadhan ag friochnamh ┐ ag follamhnacchadh scol Eirenn AFM iii 14.2 .

Application (to learning, etc.), study: ni comairleiced dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foglaim ┐ cin f.¤ , Trip.² 244 (= nisi prius in praecipua eiusdem disciplinae schola egisset discipulum). a fricnum i feghadh na firmaiminti, CCath. 998 . Esp. of the cultivation of the art and science of the `fili': báoi filidh amra isin Tuadhmumain ... fer frithgnamai máir. eicsine laiside oc f.¤ , ZCP vii 305.9 . ... na n-ēigsine bātar oc f.¤ occa ib. 19 . ro boí in t-éices occ acallaim ind eicsine ┐ oc cur sula tar a f.¤ ro rathaigestar in t-éices mórmenmain ind eicsine ┐ lagat a frithgnama the poet was addressing the learner and noting his attentiveness; he perceived his great self-confidence and his laxity in attention Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech (= Corm. Y 825 ; Stokes renders f. here ` diligence [in preparing the meat].'). failte fri dliged n-ecse iarna dagfrichnam (.i. ... iarna daghfoghlaim), Anecd. v 25.5 . Cf. searnar iar ndliged drengar iar frichnum (.i. ... iar frichgnam dō re foghluim), 27.1 . trachtaire raith ┐ frichnama imale (.i. frichgnam foghloma imalle frisin rath), 25.12 . ni direnar cutrumaib loge enech fri hoes ind frithgnuma, IT iii 23.28 . is a lethloighibh na seacht primhaisti doreanaiter a lloighi na nhí so ... uair cen cob tria frichnum atat ... is o Dhia a tídhnucul, 23.2 . ni direnar hi cutruma fri haes ind rutgnama, 28 ( BB 308a21 ). Cf. ib. IT iii 6.6 , cited above s.v. fris-gní. post congbhala ┐ cathaighthe d'aos foghlama ┐ friochnamha scholars and students [ = students and professors ?] AFM v 1684.8 .

3 gabor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 gabor or dil.ie/25059

adj o,ā light-hued, white, bright: gabar .i. solus, Lec. Gl. 536 ; cf. goor gach solus i suidi (i.e. in Welsh), Corm. Y 675 . drech lethderg lethgabur laiss (of Conall Cernach), LU 8636 ( FB 47 ). drech ... lethgabar (of Genann Gruadsolus), TBC-LL¹ 5481 St. pl. ? it é lethgabra amail Chonall Cernach, BDD 107 (= lethgleora, Eg.) ` half-horses (centaurs),' W.S. quoting ` lethghabar .i. lethech , H 3.18, p. 532 .' Cf. BDD² 1150 n . a ṡenm na n-ingean ngabar, IT iii 87 § 94 . a ḟoghar inghean ngobhar, § 93 .

indlis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indlis or dil.ie/28478

ind : innlis .i. cainneal, adhainn innlis .i. las cainneall, O'Cl. Abstracted from Corm.: tōi lethaig fōin fris adaind indlis .i. tōi lossait faon fris ... ┐ frisnindle caindil dia dēicsin dūs in bruithe in tarr, Anecd. iv 70.7 ( Corm. Y s.v. lethech ).

laisce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. laisce or dil.ie/29456

ind in: cin ladnae ( Fél. May 26 ) .i. cen lethath (lethech v.l.) no cin l.¤ no cen dolma no cen guiti, Thr. Ir. Gl. 132.1 . Perh. for leisce. See ladnae.

1 leithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 leithe or dil.ie/29826

Forms: leithne

n , f. (lethan). Cf. 1 letha, 1 lethu. Noted as an irregular form because it differs from g s f. leithne: trí persain lóir nach gabann cert: an l.¤, an reimhe, an treisi, IGT Abstr. Nouns 255.13 . width, breadth : do cheniul ēisc dianid ainm lethech ar a l.¤ , Corm. Y 825. Cf. Thr. Ir. Gl. 27.16 . ar met ┐ daingne ┐ lethi, BB 413a38 . re [a] l.¤ is re [a] linmairecht (of a fleet), Irish Texts ii 2 § 13 . mine a cinn as l.¤ a luirg (of a spear), 72 § 31 . duille . . . cu lethi ingantaigh, Marco P. 11. se basa a lethi gacha hadhairce, 15 . ledhthi ┐ edlus na sligthidh `width and laxity', Rosa Angl. 322. 23 .

1 leithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 leithech or dil.ie/29830

n (1 leithe? leth?) flatfish, flounder(?): lethech . . . ainm cétamus do c[h]eniul ēisc dianid ainm lethech at a leithe ┐ ar a t[h]anaideta, Corm. Y 825 = l.¤ , Thr. Ir. Gl. 27 . leitheach .i. leitheóg .i. iasg leathan, O'Cl.

3 leithech, lethach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 leithech, lethach or dil.ie/29832

n (leithe) kneading-trough: lethech .i. dēde fordongair . . . ainm . . . do losait arindī lethait[h]ir bairgin fuirre, Corm. Y 825 . O'Cl. (leitheach). tōi lethaig fōin . . . .i. tōi lossait faon, Corm. Y 825 (70.7) .

? 4 leithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 4 leithech or dil.ie/29833

ind cen ladnai .i. cen lethech no cen laisce no cen dolma no cen guide, Fél.² lxxxii gl. 26 .

1 leithet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 leithet or dil.ie/29840
Last Revised: 2013

n Originally t n., Ériu xxxv 148 n. 27 . (cf. lethan, and GOI 167 ).

(a) breadth, width: i mbucai no lethit (gl. latitudinem), Sg. 3b13 . lethet a bél, Críth G. 571 . lethech . . . .i. ainm do cheneliu eisc . . . .i. ara lethet ┐ ara thanadetaid, Corm. Bodl. 12.5 . ceithri duirn a leithit, ZCP xiv 351.15 (= Laws ii 246.6 = lethat, O'Dav. 706 ). ag loige meich . . . airtem (a) l.¤ a crui iar n-airthur, ZCP xiv 348.2 ( Laws ii 238.14 ). ceitheora bairgena . . . da dorn a l.¤ ┐ dorn a tiget, ZCP xiv 356.8 ( Laws ii 254.8 ). mad cora . . . tri traigte a leithead, Laws v 112.1 . in talam cona fot ┐ a lethet, i 26.23 Comm . lethfat (sic) buna in litanain `the breadth', ii 232.23 Comm . Comgan ┐ Marcill / co llethet a llinde `the breadth of their wisdom', Fél. Oct. 13 . corann liath lethet baisi, Ériu ii 229.2 . dobeir Dia traig cacha bliadne fora lethet adds a foot to its breadth, RC ix 494.10 (ICM). dá chubat . . . / bid i llethet cech oen chláir, SR 4240 . lethet na criche, LL 6502. l.¤ da gabail bhadéin dit chrích, TBC-LL¹ 5997 . bradan . . . da dorn .x. na lethed, CS 316.3 . go bhfad ┐ go leithead an chuirp, TSh. 5757 . lethat Tūadmuman a tūaid, Ériu ii 50 § 3. téit i l.¤ multiplies, increases: Dái Galach . . . / do chuaid a chlann i lithed (:fichet), SG 333.20 (lethead, MS.). co ndeachatar a tren ┐ a treisi ┐ a l.¤ lanmhor, L. Chl. S. 2. Cf. cuirfidh sé iad a saibhrios ┐ a leathad feadh an tshaoghail, Beatha S. F. 736 .

(b) expanse, stretch(?): saibreochadsa tú . . . do lethadaibh móra ferainn, Fier. 16 (do lethet morferainn, v.l.).

In n. loc. síth Lethet Oidni, Imr. Brain 53.2 . do sruthair Lethet Oidni, z 0 (lethit, v.l.).

leth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leth or dil.ie/30036
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: leth, leith, leithe, leithe, lethe, leithi, lethe, -leithe, leath, leithdeimhin, lethshathach

n o and s, n. Freq. treated as two words, l. o, n. half and l. s, n. side (e.g. GOI, Críth Gabl., BDD). But it is in some contexts difficult to decide between the two meanings, and cf. d s. leth (side), Ml. 51d3 , 128a1 ( leith, 62b13 ), d s. leith (half), Sg. 18a4 (but see note in Thes.), leuth, BCr. 3c , SR 8041 ; g du. leithe, Sg. 25b6 is ambiguous in meaning, and with lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 may belong to the by-form leithe, which latter. however, is more reliably attested in meaning side than in meaning half: a s. lethe, Imr. Brain 49 , leithi, TBC-I¹ 525. d s. lethe (MS.), Críth G. 428 , Grail 2004 . -leithe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 .

In later lang. more usual in meaning half (for meaning side cf. taeb) except in adv. and prep. phrases, in which both meanings are frequent. leath m., IGT Decl. § 31. f. , § 39 .

A in meaning side, direction .

I

(a) side: cia beth cosar do cluim glain / fom dda lethe though I had a couch strewn of down beneath my sides, ZCP xiii 258.11 . a beóil for leith a cind, BDD² 541. Cf. do-berad urcar do cloich fuirre ┐ níba cian o leit[h] a cinn, TBC St. 1311 . tibri da leithe `to laugh on all sides', Laws v 228.27 (a kind of satire) .i. gaire uime . . . do cach l.¤ , 230.13 Comm . ? gur gab cairde fair ona cethre lethaib, asrenar . . . a di chumal cairde gacha leithe dona cethre lethaib, O'Curry 2532 - 3 ( Eg. 88, 44 ). ord cumaisc imorro .i. a cumusc a gabail as a leth deridh `the latter end(?)', Laws v 26.21 Comm . ro-claenad-som . . . cach l.¤ don luiṅg, TTebe 1995 . fal na leiti-si (sic) . . . don longphort, CCath. 5177 . tréd na loidhe ar leith an cnuic, Irish Texts ii 2 § 8 . ruc sí . . . mac forsin faidche ┐ sí fó leith ina dromlaig carrying one side of the pail(?), SG 326.28 ( RC xxiv 190.13 ). ? Page: fec leath 91, 92, MS. Mat. 573.29 (see lethenach). Less freq. direction, region : sechip l.¤ fon ṁbith foguir `on whatever side', Thes. ii 300.4 ( Hy. i ). cid féchai-siu issind l.¤ cían úait, IT i 121.10 ( TE 6 Eg.). mairg lingis lēim in l.¤-sain (i.e. towards Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15. is i do leath coir tanacais you have done well to come, Aen. 1870. In chevilles: forom l.¤ , LU 3867 ( SCC 38 ). slúaig ós lethaib, Airne F. 288. Obscure: tāinic gaimred co ngainni / rolīnsat lethe linni `die Wasser haben die Flachlande angefüllt', Bruchst. i 67 § 156 (letha, v.l.). da each a laim leath aer sealba `two horses in hand at the border of the land', Laws iv 18.20 (leth saor selba, v.l.).

(b) Of twofold division of a house side (?), part (?); indala l.¤ de crín ┐ araile úr one part of seasoned and the other of green wood, Trip.² 601 . isind le[i]th ailiu, i fochlu on the other side, the north, Críth G. 591 . l.¤ in tige . . . do Conchobur . . . a ll.¤ n-aill do bantrocht Ulad, LU 8159 ( FB 12 ). l.¤ in tige . . . la Connachta ┐ in l.¤ aile la Ulto, Sc.M² 5 . isin leith aile in tigi, TTebe 473 . san leith oile `in the other division', TD 11.16 . an uair do chuiridís tuighe ar leath an tighe . . . chum na leithe oile, Oss. iii 216. 18 - 19 .

(c) Of the sides of the body with dess and clé: atá . . . / a scíath da leith chlíu on his left side, MU² 489 . certláech da leith deis . . . fer bec . . . da leith chlí on his right, on his left, 538 - 40 . don ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . dul sa leath chlé dod chridhe / slighe i dteach nDé 'gun duine, DDána 10.25 . ar uaisle an leithe dheis dil, Content. i 10 . dá dheis . . . dá leith chlí, TSh. 4090 . do leith do láimhe deise, DDána 24.23 .

(d) With words indicating points of compass: fri mílid in lethe atúaid `of the northern region', Metr. Dinds. iv 40.7 . forin leith tuaiscertaigh don áth, TBC St. 2869 . don leith thuaidh, DDána 64.36 . leath thúaigh northward, Deuteronomy iii 27 . barsan leith descertach ind átha, TBC-LL¹ 3387 . mad od leith anneas gai[res an drean], Ériu viii 122.27 . ar an táobh theas leath theas on the south side southwards, Exodus xxvi 18 . don leath ṡoir eastwards, 2 Kings xiii 17 .

As acc. of destination, Ériu xli 34 .

(e) In phr. (a) l.¤ with clause containing verb of motion the direction in which, anywhere, wherever : nistá leó l.¤ do-coiset do chuincid neich `they have nowhere that they can go to beg anything', Mon. Tall. 128.10 . in l.¤ bertait sin hí lecidsi dóib wherever they bring her, LU 3125 . l.¤ dia mbí in gaeth is fris bís in chomla facing the wind, BDD² 1312 . hiss ē l.¤ ruc-sum a rēim / co Cenannas, Fing. R. 659 . é l.¤ luidi for tochmarc, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . teis lee alleath gebus remat `you shall go with it whither it will go before you', Ériu v 120.16 . régat a l.¤ dīa tuitched `I shall go whither I have set out', i 116.8 . in leith teid (of a spear), Laws v 30.11 Comm . in leath bearar [in] slúaigead, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . is é l.¤ do-chuaid Conn ar a imgabāil a mesg c[h]lainni . . . Morna, ML² 1806.

Also with cach: cach led dochoid-som sund wherever he went, Wb. 14c20 . cach l.¤ no théged, IT i 130.23 . cech l.¤ naragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7.

For the construction is é l.¤ attoíbi . . . co dú, is aentadach fri . . . co dú this is the context of, this is a parallel passage to, etc. see at(t)oíbi, oentadach.

In a large variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

II With adverbs of direction: ar in leirg l.¤ ifus, CRR 56. immot breith assa leith adíu `about carrying thee hence', Ériu i 130.34 . isind leith anall on the far side (of the house), BDD² 669 . l.¤ anall don ḟidh `on this side of', Ériu iii 164.29 . leath thall d'Fhinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 8.27 . lethatshuas dinn `above', O'Gr. Cat. 232.x . da'n dá cical so lethatís dind, 290.27 . don leith amuidh externally, Grail 2621 . leith amuich outside (contr. with astig), Párl. na mB. 2132 . l.¤ amaich d'Eirinn outside I., Acall. 6457 . leath amuigh do uile-theorannaibh na Breataine, Keat. ii 1718 . beith leith amuich don phecadh without sin, ITS xxix 189.13 . leith amuigh don dá chás adubhart apart from, Mac Aingil 4529 . leath amuigh d'aicídibh tura an fhíona except for, Eochairsg. 95.22 . l.¤ amuigh do mnaib not including, BCC 228.35 (§ 237) . leath 'muigh gurab amhluidh . . . apart from the fact that, Luc. Fid. 3765 . l.¤ istich inside, Celtica ii 78.278 . andsa treas alt . . . l.¤ astig `on the third interior joint', O'Gr. Cat. 295.4 . leath istigh dar gcuimhne féin `within our own memory', Keat. ii 423. Cf. also: is uathaib sin l.¤ i fat gach ferann `far and wide', SG 121.31 . In form la-: dobert ferann do laistiar in the west, Rawl. 119a17 . lais tiar iar fuine ngréne, Fél. 112.25 . bóirdréis . . . tímpchioll a ccótaoi lastíos below, Párl. na mB. 538 . d'fhan an marc-shluagh la-amuigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 49.4 .

III With pronominalia.

(a) With poss. a his, its : co sceasain cach ball de a leithi (sescaind, lethe, LU) his limbs sprang apart, TBC-I¹ 525. sreith cechtar de a l.¤ he knocked each of them in a different (lit. his own) direction, LL 13983 . tēit in slōg uili for teiched, cach fer a l.¤ , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 34 § 4 . luid cách a lethi each went his way, LL 14308 . téit . . . cechtar de a l.¤ íar sain, TBFr. 169.

(b) With aile. With prep. DO and art. on the other side (freq. of battle, contest, etc.): bite i n-irgail . . . friu duṅdala leith, Ml. 47c3 . dind leith ailiu gl. illinc, BCr. 32a4 ( Thes. ii 16 ). at-raghat side súass, at-raghat didiu Ulaid don leith eile, Sc.M² 18 R . dilluid F. . . . don l.¤ oili a mBōaind entered the Boyne on the other side, ZCP viii 120.14 . tiocfaid leis don leith oile / guais-ṡeabhuic Bheann mBoghoine, TD 4.43 . don dara l.¤ . . . don leith eili (of simultaneous elections to a bishopric), Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . In more general sense on the other hand, alternatively. Cf. ho l.¤ ailiu gl. e regione, Ml. 128a1 . dob'áil liom . . . dob'áil leam dhon leith oile . . . , DDána 5.15 . don leith oile, L. Cl. A. B. 192.73 . don leith oile adeir Críost . . . , TSh. 1642 . In phr. l.¤ n-aill elsewhere, anywhere, etc.: is ferr damsa techt l.¤ n-aill, LU 3347 ( SCC 13 ). ráither fria . . . techt hi l.¤ n-aill n-aile co maitin, RC xxii 393.z . (BDD App.). indtan no teigdis nach l.¤ aili when they used to go anywhere else, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . tucsat a ndorus na huama i ll.¤ n-aill iat `inside of the door of the cave', PH 1018 . cidh ara tucuis in claideb i ll.¤ n-aile? why did you give away the sword? Lism. L. 1326.

(c) With cach: amal . . . asroither uisce for talmain cech l.¤ `on every side', Ml. 44d1 . aurchor snedar cach leth in all directions, Críth G. 219 . fer cach leithe lándligid `a man of full righteousness on every side i.e. dealing justly with all men', 528 and n. 0 (or to be referred to 2 l.?). co rucadur gacha leithi ar A., Fier. 235. Usually with prec. prep. DI (do, dá) or FOR (ar) in, from all directions, sides, everywhere : immib di cach leith, Wb. 17b19 . in talmain n-impu di cach l.¤ , Ml. 51d3 . di cech leith, 62b13 . 66d10 . testiu na fuile . . . for cach l.¤ , 22b1 . for cech l.¤ gl. longe lateque, 53b9 . slúaged . . . / de cach leith dar túatha, Fél. Ep. 35. fogéba do cach leith aci agid n-airegda, LU 2029 ( FA 10 ). for cech l.¤ , LU 2146 ( FA 21 ). ic fégad . . . for cach l.¤ úathu, MU² 364 . eo óir ina brut ro saiged a gúalaind for cach l.¤ on either side, IT i 131.17 . di cech leith gl. undique, Gild. Lor. 67 . in popul imme di cech l.¤ , PH 761 . dá cech leith, 7063 . do gach leith ┐ da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2225 . sneachta seacht traigthe ar gach leath uadha, SG 34.16 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . ar gach leath, L. Cl. A. B. 112.43 . do gach leith do na laochaib sin, ML² 1860 . do cach lethe, Grail 2004 . for cech l.¤ de, 2480 . da gach aen leithe de na timceall, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 (leth, v.l.). go ttuccadar gealladh air gach leith mutually, Dhá Sgéal Art. 152. Note also: for cechtar in da leithe `on either side' (of a stream), Laws iv 144.11 . comtar crólinnecha curaid di chechtar na da leithi, LL 224b27 ( TTr. 548 ).

(d) With cid (later cía) where, whither : inchoiscsiu damsa ceth l.¤ atā Emain show me the way to, TBC-I¹ 376 = ced l.¤ , LU 4865 = cía let[h], TBC St. 782 . cia leath reghma? Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). ni fhetar cia l.¤ do-rechaind, acht tucas m'aiged siar I knew not where to go, PH 500 . cia l.¤ their Adam uait?, MacCarthy 52.8 . cia leith ro cuaidh in clu mor-sin? what has become of? CCath. 4546 . cia l.¤ so, a dorman? whither away? Fing. R. 90 . cid l.¤ na mochærgi? why are you up so early? RC xiv 400 § 4.

(e) In phr. do díb le(i)th(a)ib on both sides, mutually : diblethaib .i. cechtar a da leithe, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18, 415 ). ra theigsetar na slúaig immi-sium do dib lethib, LL 175a42 ( CRR 26 ). ro ferad cath . . . do dib lethib eturro, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ro naidmset a ccodach ┐ a ccaradradh do dib leitibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.12 . dībh leithibh, Celtica iv 70.209 (l.¤ ┐̇ tib, MS.).

(f) With na(ch) in any direction, anywhere : imned dom na lled dochood wherever I went, Wb. 17d7 . nochon occobrad-si co ndigseth nách l.¤ cen heisium immaróen fríe would go nowhere without him, Trip.² 151 . na digsitís nách leth o Ierusalem, PH 5408.

(g) With óen-: F. . . . ┐ L. for ōenl.¤, M. ┐ D. forsan l.¤ n-aill on the one hand . . . on the other, Rawl. 149a35 . a h-ocht Ailgenan na n-each / co ndeachaid d'eg ar enleath together, BB 61b31 . a óga tigidh d'einleath, Duan. F. ii 68 § 11 . cuirfiter d'éinleith will be put aside, RC xxviii 318 § 30. do rug ar n-omhain d'aoinleith dispelled our fear, DDána 18a.5 .

IV With prepositions (many uses with prepp. are exemplified also under III).

(a) With A: a lleith posessoris by virtue of being possessor, Sg. 198a18 . a lleith atraib gl. extrinsecus, in the matter of possession, 198b1 . a lleith indí atreba, 200b11 . a lleith aittrebthado gl. intrinsecus, 204a1 . biat-sa as do l.¤ I will be at thy side, Alex. 93 . ac urchuitmhe assa leith making excuses on his own behalf, Anecd. ii 68.4 . See also under i l.¤ fri.

(b) With AR (in later lang.): tug fiodh ar leith do lighe made the tree to bend to one side (one of the marks of an auspicious reign), L. Cl. A. B. 224.127 . rachadsa ar do leith `I shall side with thee', Duan. F. ii 244 § 16 . techt ar a leith féin to side with him, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 40.10 . ar mbeith d'Eireamhón ón fhior / ar leith gléimheadhón Gaoidheal `when E. had parted from him amid the Gaels(?), Studies 1920, 98 § 5 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar did not depend on(?) (of Cú Chulainn), DDána 96.29 (`encroached not on his mother's land', Ir. Monthly 1927, 437 ).

(c) With DO (in some cases perh. DI): do leith dano dó a óenur frisna tri cóectu mac on one side, LU 4914 = TBC-I¹ 429 . ni-s-téged nech do muintir G. secci do leith, do na tabrad sceim némnig to one side(?), PH 7212 . co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da tharraing do l.¤ ┐ cach cumal ar uair 'na haghaidh (i.e. she always carried one side while the others took turns on the other), RC xxiv 190.8 . in Mangartach . . . do leith de ┐ Sliab Cruadha . . . don taob eile, ML² 320 . gach meacain gach lus don leatsoin there, Hackett xlii 59 .

Usually as prep. phrase with follg. gen. In concrete sense in the direction of, towards : iarsin tictís, gním cen chleith, / ind ríg dia leith ó thír thoich to him (`on account of him'), Metr. Dinds. ii 24.74 . do leith na hairde thuaidh facing the north (of a tent), 3 C 19, 51 vb15 . nac[h] racainn do leith mo aigte I would not go forward, TBC St. 1592 . líne do leith a aighthe / do chathaoiribh cumhdaighthe opposite, DDána 85.42 . do leith a aighthe in front of him, CF² 1036 . do leith a ccúil . . . do leith a ndrumann, AFM iii 320.9 , 11 . Of the seat of a disease: go mbi nescoid isna hairnibh uair ann do leith in droma ┐ uair eile do leith a sreabhonn . . . ┐ uair do leith a gcabhán, 3 C 19, 201 rb26 - 28 . Of time: doleith na haidhche towards night, 3 C 19, 73 va 24 . do bi dias do Gaidilaib ann sin do l.¤ in Chimsogaig on C.'s side, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 .

past, by (here DI(?)): romgab do leith losinan the fox avoided, slunk by me, ZCP i 459. 11 . amail sinchān do leith ǣgaire, MacCongl. 85.2 (`approaching a shepherd'). Fig. na hinghena . . . nobitis ic amran ┐ hic duchunn no geibed do leith doib dano imradagh anma Hectoir used to avoid(?), LL 405a19 ( TTr.² 1086 ).

In more abstr. senses. With respect to, as regards, according to: is do leith genelaig fer nGréc doib, Dinds. 128. ? tiucfaidh in cétmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hí ticfaidh a fear .i. do leth in oirechta comtibach, O'D. 2077 ( Rawl. 487, 58 ). a chlú do leith eolasa ┐ eagna, Keat. ii 204 . do leith a athar ┐ a mháthar `both on his father's and mother's side', O'D. 4896 . a n-éagmais a hárdchéme onóra do leith a glúine geinealach `in respect of', Párl. na mB. 3570 . in ratione cibi .i. do leith an bhídh, 23 K 42, 307.15 . do l.¤ dileghtha an adbuir, RC xlix 8.4 . More specifically because of, from, on account of: do leith G. because you are related to G., Irish Texts ii 44 § 35 . do leith ubhaill a fhachain, DDána 10.6 (`an apple caused it,' Ir. Monthly 1929, 211 ). do leith a nemdilegtha pour cause de l'indigestion, O'Gr. Cat. 217.7. na neithi . . . disgaoileas do leith a teasa because of their heat, 3 C 19, 49 ra27 . do l.¤ an fuail from, by means of (in diagnosis), 23 K 42, 151.17 .

(d) With FO separately, severally, individually : cách fo leith gl. singuli, Wb. 5d3 . ní [i]mmalle acht is cach æ fo leith, 17d2 . cechtar nái fo leith, Sg. 63a15 . mórfeser a dám inna thúaith, cóicer fo leith when engaged on his private concerns (as an individual), Críth G. 379 ( fo le[i]th(e), 428 ). ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ar cach n-ái fo leith díb, TBC-LL¹ 2726 . cech macc fo leth dia maccaib, PH 6613 . sláinte anma is cabhair chuirp / atáid fa leith na labhuirt, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xi . ima leith alternately, Laws iv 372.21 Comm . ┐ mar sin ar na peacadhuibh eile fó leith, Mac Aingil 2061 . an biobla ma leith, .i. leis fein amhain, gan ghluais, etc., Luc. Fid. 4592 . Somet. with FOR in this sense: don oenfer for leith `for one man only', Mon. Tall. 156.28 . oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, PH 7326 . gach pearsa ar leith 'n-a Dhia dhíbh, DDána 25.6 .

(e) With FOR (AR) aside, apart : tēit leo for l.¤ aside, Sc.M² 4 . co-rrala a cholaind for l.¤, ┐ corro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait to one side, 19 (leith, R.) luid īarum for l.¤ a óinur `aside', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . ro bae-side . . . ina throscud i Sliab Sína ar leith `apart', Celtica iv 28.381 . in ticfa ar l.¤ do immacallaim frimsa?, ZCP ii 135 § 9 . gādatar mnā Connacht do Conchobur tuidecht for leith, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . atat acum sund for leith / curaid ri cath . . . (: creich), TBC-LL¹ 516 . ruc leis for l.¤ da mac Z., PH 3024 . tucait aes dána Ulad ar l.¤ , RC xiv 430 § 56 . ar leith gá fhad fhuileongas? `how long will he suffer the affliction of being far away?', Aithd. D. 8.19 . ar leith [ó] dheachmhaidh Dhé `exempt from', PBocht 7.25 . ar leith atám ó theasda laid aside, Studies 1924, 87 § 15 . ar leth nó i ccoitchinne in particular or in common, RSClára 117b . ? in slicht socinelach geinfes for leith on ridiri ┐ on maigdin sin, Grail 2669 . In this sense somet. with FO: ód thriall fó leith, Oss. vi 54.19 . doimthigh a nimh . . . as fo leith, Ériu v 88.34 . ? With TAR: no gur cuir in rig dar l.¤ mathair a cloindi put aside(?), YBL 317b24 (cf. Aided M. Gloss.).

(f) In quasi-adjectival use with both FO and FOR apart, separate, different, special : gnáe far l.¤ gl. separatim, Sg. 73b1 . syllab fo leith, 165b2 . co ndergensat rainn fo leith di gl. separauerunt ab aliis partibus, 187b6 . 188a22 . 188b5 . 212a6 . Of a particular kind of assembly: cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . A cōic: cūlairecht ┐ taebairecht ┐ airecht uirdnidhe ┐ airecht fo l.¤ et airecht fodesin, ZCP xii 359.14 . airecht fo l.¤, is a suidhi bīt nadmand ┐ ratha (sic MS.) ┐ fiadain, 360.1 . torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228. biaid pian for leith er son cech peccaid air, PH 7617 . gabsatt . . . ferann fo l.¤ , BColm. 8.3 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, LU 3374 ( SCC 16 ). rogairm Cond . . . ar fót fo leith `called C. aside', Ériu iii 160.y . trí lá is tri aidche ba leith / bámmar uile i tig Cachir, RC vii 292.53 . dath fo l.¤ a eduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148.6 Comm . cás ar leith an Lúan `Doomsday, supreme danger', PBocht 5.47 . rann ar leith ni dliged dam, Irish Texts ii 41 § 9 . seómra ar l.¤ , RSClára f. 111b . pian ar leith ar an intinn, ┐ pian fá leith ar an gcorp, TSh. 6495 - 6 .

(g) In phr. le(i)th for (ar) le(i)th on both sides, respectively, both of them (usually of two persons or groups): ra fornaidmit na glinni sin leith for l.¤ , MU² 106 . co mbaí . . . nónbur ra hulibásaib eturru l.¤ for l.¤ , 118 . rointer Eri l.¤ ar l.¤ `share and share', Metr. Dinds. iii 358.35 . in cath rolád, l.¤ for l.¤ , iv 250.65 . ro tuit . . . in cath l.¤ ar leith, CCath. 2217 . M. . . . ┐ F. / fríoth a n-árach leath ar leath, DDána 64.25 . táinig a ré leath ar leath / sgol Uladh, éigse Laighneach, 115.2 . forna cathaibh leath ar leath, CF² 1195 . go rangattar . . . da nionaduibh féin l.¤ ar l.¤ respectively, BNnÉ 201.33 . a gcoingheall leath ar leath (aequa utriusque conditio), TSh. 3871. More generally: an tuile dhámh, leath ar leath the throng of companies, side by side, Ériu v 56.67 . an cúiger druadh, leath ar leth `the five wizards, side by side', iv 222 § 38 . In follg. rather in turn, one after the other : fuaradh na mball leath ar leath, DDána 27.6 . ughdair Ghaoidheal leath ar leath, O'R. Poems 1473 . fágbhuim-si fós, leath ar leath / beannacht uaim ag gach aoinneach, Celtica iv 119 § 30 . Note also: as mar sin an cethramadh cric as mesarda ┐ is ferr acu l.¤ ar l.¤ `all things considered', Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.x . Other constructions: di leith for l.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1685 . do leith for leith, MR 222.z . do leith fo leith, 240.24 . leath um leith, PBocht 18.17 . do leith dar l.¤ , TTebe 3122 .

(h) With I in such a wide and subtle variety of meanings as hardly to be amenable to classification. That given here must be regarded as arbitrary, and the ascription of an example to one category or another is in many cases very doubtful.

In physical sense beside, in the direction of, towards : co cualatar guth mbec ina hingini hi leith in tigi, Irish Texts i 2.18 (cf. Bethu Brigte 38) . rothicfa it' lethe-su will come to thee, Imr. Brain 49 (`to thy parts'; `to your country', Murphy Lyrics). Laighnigh i leith do dhroma behind you, DDána 101.53 . i leith leaptha red lennán, BS 46.4 . With follg. DO: a leith don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.24 . a leith da druim from behind, TTebe 1016 . Cf. forsin marcsluag do bi l.¤ da ndruim behind them, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . = a leith a ndroma, ALC i 376.18 .

Of kinship, family connection: hua-som Codiáir moir . . . i ll.¤ o mathair on the mother's side, LU 1136 ( ACC § 121 Comm. ). dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib, TBC-LL¹ 1739. ar ni boi astig nech bad glica a l.¤ o mnaib `weil im Hause auf Seiten der Frauen keine Klügere war', ZCP xiii 270.6 . comdais meic do Mac-Con na trī Fothaid gē beit i leith Sīl Fergusa, Corp. Gen. 263 . sil a leith ciníl do chríadh, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . leanfa D. . . . i leith athar rian na Róisteach, Ó Bruad. i 110.3 . ? enmac do fhácuib do chloinn / ina leith do Tuathaib Temra, Irish Texts ii 23 § 12.

téit i l.¤ joins forces with: resorts to, places one's trust in, seeks refuge in: ós éigin dóibh dola id leith `they will surely join thee', Aithd. D. 24.18 . a luas . . . / do-chuas i leith láimhe libh `the speed with which men flocked to thee', 77.22 . dol na l.¤ dí ní digha, Irish Texts ii 57 § 4. Cf. dochóidh . . . / Muire i leith mh'oige d'fhighe `Mary . . . has set about weaving my nature', PBocht 12.28 . leabhair Chaisil is chláir Macha / nír mheiste dhóibh dol 'na leith, L. Cl. A. B. 237.10 . dola a leith na leabhar linn, KMMisc. 174 § 29 . cách i leith a deisi ag dul resorting to force (?), L. Cl. A. B. 193.92 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg / a leith a grásd do-cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 ( DDána 38.6 ). ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh was not content to proceed at its normal pace(?), IGT ex. 1256 .

fo-ceird (cuirid) i leith assigns to, ascribes to: curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 128 (of Psalms). is e Ferceirtni cuires in irad so i ll.¤ na n-ugdar ┐ ite na hugdar (sic) i cuirter l.¤ , BB 299b36 - 7 . ferta . . . meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb to give B. the credit for, PH 6436 . is e fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri mberla sin `superiority is claimed on behalf of', Auraic. 162. Cf. ilmuine mic Dé nacha cuiridhsi i far leth feisin `which claim not ye for yourselves', Laws i 22.22 Comm . Also charges with, lays to the account of, attributes to: is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni, Alex. 946 . Críoch Chonnacht a ndúthchas féin/ na leith ní cuirthe mar chéim `is not to be brought as a charge against them', Content. vi 91 . ar n-éara 'n-a leith na léigidh `let not my rejection ever be brought (as a proof of carelessness) against Thy work', Aithd. D. 77.17 . cuir 'n-a leith do chosg do chean / an rosg do bheith ag briseadh, DDána 27.4 . dá gcuirthear uabhar i leith fir aca, TSh. 9368. Cf. ar an máthair atá id leith `thy supposed mother', Keat. ii 6353.

In phrases with other trans. verbs in sense of committing, entrusting to: nít erpi i lled nach áili `with any one else', Wb. 1d10 . lecam ar ráma úan isa muir ┐ foncerddam i ll.¤ ar Tigernai `let us cast ourselves upon our Lord', Ériu xi 137.8 . cuir hobair a leith an Tighearna `commit thy works unto', Proverbs xvi 3 . lecsiu immurgo i ldeth nDe mess for a menmain-som `leave it . . . to God', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . do ré[i]r is ad l.¤ legmuid, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . caingne in tsenaidh . . . do lecon i lleith na ndea `to trust to the gods', CCath. 4549. ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh (of Christ's wounds), DDána 48.8 . cipe leces a furtacht ┐ a cobhair i lleith in Coimdedh, ZCP iv 390.13 .

With vb. to be expressed or understood relying on, engaged in etc.: arn-iumramh a leith Dé under God's protection, KMMisc. 322 § 5 . bím i leith guidhe do ghrás `I trust in imploring Thy grace', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 1 . bíom 'na leith i ló an bhrátha / dom dhíon ar eagla an ursgátha, DDána 12.14 . i leith fhaghla ós eadh atá bent on(?), 106.4 . láeich a leith a farchadh `handling their mauls', Studies 1920, 417.20 . Here also perh. gé tú inníu i lleith eiseine (? leg. eisléine), Anecd. ii 22 § 9. Cf. i lleith leinne, LL 18172.

On the side of, along with, in support of: hóre attá innar leid cia conicc ní dúun gl. pro nobis, Wb. 4b11 . robu ferr leu buith hi leith Duaid on David's side (in battle), Ml. 87c4 . robbet inna lobrān leith / ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib `may they be on the side of her weaklings', Thes. ii 348.5 ( Hy. v 90 ). bīd 'na leith used to be with him, ACL iii 307 § 27 . ? uair is ina leath itá (`since it concerns them(?)'), Leb. Cert.² 260 . ar tí airm do chur ar a chois arís a leith an rí in support of, Rel. Celt. ii 202.29 . sé 'n-a leath acht go léigdís had they allowed Him to help them (the two thieves), Dán Dé xx 25 . Perh. also: fágthar misi a leath a bhfuil sa bhfaithedh let me be left to take charge of all [the foes] who are on the field, 23 I 1, 66.18 . an banntigerna bís orra . . . a l.¤ a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

With respect to, concerning, in the case of: dogniat . . . guchoibsenae do thuildiud indaldeth fadesin do tormuch pende foraib `make false confessions about themselves', Mon. Tall. 153.1 . a cion i leith an leanaibh her crime as regards the child, A. Ó Dálaigh li 21 . cenn Muman i lleith o clercibh `as regards its clerics', CS 1008. Perh. also: mar dhaingean i leith a láimhe `to strengthen his hand', PBocht 1.41 . tlás a l.¤ lamh, Irish Texts ii 31 § 3 . a leth laithe `according to the day', Leb. Gab.(i) 240.y .

Various: in mil . . . do rinne in foguil; is a dul ina leth `it (the beast on which the lot falls) goes for its crime', Laws ii 6.30 Comm . in gell do tuitim i lleth in ti tucustur he `the hostage surety falls upon the person', 136.21 Comm . i leith fheirge is eadh a-tá / nach deirge an cneadh an chéad-lá `owing to his wrath', Dán Dé xxviii 7 . a dtéid duid do na deich genoibh / tuig soin san leith ina libh `think of thy share in the ten nuts only in the aspect in which it is thine', PBocht 7.27 .

(i) In phr. i le(i)th fri, in O. Ir. glosses a ll.¤ fri, where a is a s. neut. of article, cf. later l.¤ re without prep. (below).

In the direction of, towards : a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar ┐ firmimint a ll.¤ frinnai ille `on the side towards us', Ml. 42b10 . i lleth friusom opposite them, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). i leith risin muir moir, CCath. 1942 . ni dechaid A. isna crichaib borétaib i ll.¤ fri téchtmuir, Alex. 437 . i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda with, BCrólige 57 gl. 7 . Cf. cidh il-leth in tigi fris even in the other side of the house, Lism. L. 1483. Similarly l.¤ fri: isin rann tuaidh do na Deisibh l.¤ le hEoghanact, ITS xvi 56.4 . leath re Hierusalem towards J., Isaiah vii 1 . Of time: hi l.¤ fri aidchi towards nightfall, RC xxii 394.8 .

More freq. as regards, with respect to, in the matter of, touching : a lled fri Abracham `as regards A.', Wb. 2c3 . a lled friss fadesin, 6c18 . a lled fri spirut gl. spiritaliter examinatur, 8b16 . a lleth frissan ingraim gl. quantum ad praesentem causam pertinet, Études Celt. xl 59 ( Ml. 30b2 ). cidh is fis, ┐ cidh is anfis . . . a leith reisin comairce?, Laws iv 228.15 . i ll.¤ fri do[i]nib . . . i ll.¤ fri Dia, Rawl. 75a47 . i leith re claidem when it comes to a sword, SG 248.17 . ro taiselbad he i leith risin fer `it was ascribed to', Laws i 34.10 Comm . is uasal i lleith re tabuirt `when considered as a gift', v 214.17 Comm . cinntech i l.¤ fri Dia, PH 6218 . i lleith ra hiris Críst, Anecd. iii 64.22 . ní measa fian Chaisil Chuirc / i leith re déanamh gach uilc, Content. ii 3 . ar gheallsad sliocht Éibhir Ḟinn / do chomhaillsead i leith rinn `in our regard,' vi 101 . a leith re hóglách m'aosú for a youth of my age, BS 44.8 . ba mór an techt (écht) hisin i l.¤ re mac taoísigh, AFM iii 648.14 . In BCC and Beatha S.F. often l.¤ re without prec. prep.: leith riu as regards them, BCC 18.13 (§ 33) . l.¤ re Día, 90.4 (§ 94) . leith re haibíd, Beatha S. F. 1397 . leith re sbioraid, 683 . In some contexts with more specific meaning of because of, by reason of, by, through : is ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam i ll.¤ frit-sa `owing to thee', MacCongl. 57.7 . a leith ré huathbhás with awe, Ó Héodhusa 66.z . l.¤ re do glicus fein `according to', Celtica ii 62.22 . do leag Dia a lámh air leith re heasláinte righinn do chur ar a chorp. Beatha S. F. 154 . In follg. perh. against : i dteach nDé do ria an ríoghan / Dia lé i leath ris an saoghal, DDána 99.38 (`against the world', Ir. Monthly 1919, 227 ). guais a lonn-ḟuighle i leith ribh, Content. vii 8. But: tiucfaid Laighin a leith ribh / beith at aighidh ni heidir on your side, Irish Texts ii 98 § 15 . Other exx. with follg. FRI: leath re Fodla fuil Uidhir / Fodla ni fuil 'na aghaidh `auf Fodlas Seite ist Odars Blut', ZCP ii 331.29 . gan neach d'Eirinn 'na aghuidh / is l.¤ re Heirind Ulaigh `sind auf Erins Seite die Ulaten', 332.1 . si-se leath re Lámhach, DDána 98.38 . ní bhiadh . . . / leath ag Dia ris na daoinibh `God would not have come among men', Aithd. D. 98.5 . For Mod. Ir. maidir le, mar le (mad i l.¤ fri) see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 14.

(j) In phrases replacing earlier ille, immalle: o sin i leith, Anecd. ii 3.8 (= i lle, Airne F. 77 ). ón ló sin i lleath, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1180 . o shin a leath, Smaointe B. Chr. 169. a hAlbain a leith, AFM iii 366.z . Cf. toit cuccum-sa i lletsa `on this side', CCath. 2982 . `rosc' tuigsin gach neich ma le, Metr. Gl. 11 § 10 (maleith, LL).

B In meaning half .

I

(a) a half, the half (of): ni roisset á l.¤-adi gl. mediam aetatem, Ml. 74a11 . ni arindí bed l.¤ ṅgotho no bed indib (ref. to semiuocales), Sg. 5a4 . a ll.¤ o laim deiss gl. dexteram . . . partem, 17b2 . dephtoros dodichsed inna leith chomsuidigthi `would enter as half of the compound', 18a4 . l.¤ ind orpi-so `half of this heritage', Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b ). a lleith n-aill, AU 747 . a leath na cille, 836 . isindara l.¤ in lestair ┐ in l.¤ n-aill dō-sum, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.6) . o leuth lathi, SR 8041 . l.¤ fer nAlban, Anecd. i 1.2 ( SCano 3 ). l.¤ nó trían do chruth, TBFr. 224 . l.¤ na haidche, Fing. R. 791. i leith laoi at midday, DDána 42.3 . l.¤ ruith ┐ l.¤ gabra `riders in chariots and riders on horses' (notes), BDD² 460 . ní rabi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad l.¤ méite fair, LU 9184 ( FB 91 ). co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ l.¤ a chind fair ┐ l.¤ fir aile fora muin, LU 4933 ( TBC-I¹ 448 ). dagénsa dá leth de (a warrior), LU 5306 ( TBC-I¹ 829 ). leca lógmara . . . ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). trían nó l.¤ a ḟeraind, Imr. Brain 46.13 . mo trín is luga lethi, LL 11031 ( TBC-LL¹ 4198 ). mo trian is luga lethe, TBC St. 3501 . secib ni foghailther a ndiph randaip raiter in dara rand co rab l.¤ cin cob cudruma, Auraic. 2925 . comortus andso se fer 'na leit[h] secha so híos `in the half below' (scribal note), TTebe xvii 26 . ro-scoilt bend-chapur in tempuil in ṅdíb lethib, PH 2896 . i ngach leith don ló `every hour of the day' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 551 ), DDána 106.4 . gé atá a leath do Cinedh Conuill although half of it belongs to, Irish Texts ii 42 § 16 . do gheibhinn-si . . . / . . . / t'uille ┐ leath do leabtha, TD 14.17 . ní as lía iná l.¤ na nguth (of votes), RSClára 98a . gur thuit in cath-milid C. ina lethib leadairthi, MR 270.16 . do gerr conuige a l.¤ é `clave him to his middle', Fier. 225 . úachtarán leithe Ierusalem, Nehemiah iii 9. ? am luidset co leth lenna, feimidset imram nach leth `when they had got half way across', Dinds. 5.

(b) In legal contexts: lóg leith ungæ di muccib `half an ounce in pigs', Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). trichait l.¤ n-unga n-argait, SR 3152 . na coic leithe unga, RC x 94.2 . l.¤ .uii. cumal a smacht cana, Ir. Recht 37.16 . coraigecht aenmna re bliadain dam . . . ┐ l.¤ feissi dogrés `half-conjugal society', Acall. 4955 (SG). trian n-urgnama, a l.¤ do mnai do gni half of it (milk) to the woman who does the work, Laws ii 364.23 . l.¤ do fir fodngaib, l.¤ n-aill do faithchi hi fogabar, iv 184.18 (of swarming bees). l.¤ méich tharai a half measure of kiln-dried wheat, Críth G. 111 . l.¤ n-arathair a half share in a plough, 158 . díre a béla colpda(i)ch; a l.¤ dia ḟidbu, etc., 247 . secht fuile cena dia mbeir liaig l.¤ half-fee, Laws v 362.15 . let leithi in trin one-half of one-half, ii 366.2 Comm .

(c) Of territorial divisions: cu ru raind Hérinn dar dó ┐ co tuc in l.¤ ro boí sís d'Hérind do Thúaith Dé Danann et in l.¤ aile do Maccaib Míled, MU² 5 , 6 . leath / indsi móiri Mac Mílead, Leb. Cert.² 263 . rannfa meise . . . / i ndíbh leithibh críoch fhuar Éireann, DDána 111.8 . Domnall mac dā leithi (.i. al-l.¤ tes ┐ tūaid dind Érinn), ZCP xii 236 § 56 , cf. in fíal Fer dá lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 . On the traditional division of Ireland into L. Cuinn and L. Moga see O'Rahilly, EIHM 191 - 2 . Lex aui Suanaich for Leith Cuinn, AU 748 . ruc leth na muici cona druim ó Leith Cuinn, Sc.M² 18 R . Mug Nuadat a quo leth Moga N., Rawl. 147b19 . tairct[h]er leth Érenn uait-si do C[h]onn, ML² 904. Note further: roiniudh for Gallu Locha Cuan re Leith Cathail, AU 943 . leath Branuigh `O' Byrne's half', LBranach 67 . G. . . . ri lethi iarthuraigi Ceneoil Aeda, Ann. Conn. 1224.6 . dala immorro na lethe thess do Chonnachtaib, 1225.14 .

(d) In phr. l.¤ catha, l.¤ gliad (fitting) opponent in battle, adversary: l.¤ catha, TBC-I¹ 3289 (of Celtchar) = TBC-LL¹ 5394. bud leór l.¤ catha do ḟeraib hÉrend siat ac cosnam a tigerna, 5708 . l.¤ gliad, TBC-I¹ 3252 (Rochaid) = TBC-LL¹ 5315. Hence without accompanying gen: is suaill nach leath doib Domnall all but a match for them, Prolegomena 44 § 18 . do budh leath dáibh uile í `she would equal them all', PBocht 9.17 . cath do thabhairt dóibh, gion go bhfuilmíd leath nó trian riú, CRR² 26.

(e) Attrib. g s.: eisinnraic leithi `half unworthy', Laws i 116.3 Comm . a gilla glomhuir amuil a amhus lethe (some kind of a servant), ii 26.5 Comm . roinn leithe ar anbhuain Eirenn a bisection, O'Gr. Cat. 464.12 . do gheall tú roinn leatha dhamh ann do thír, Dhá Sgéal Art. 800.

(f) In vaguer sense part, division : cechtar in da leithe sin `each of those two parts', gl. in duas partes diuidere (of the word uires), Sg. 25b6 . is Persa bar leath share(?), Alex. 191. in leath budh mō da rīge, Ériu iv 178 § 32.

In phrases.

II

(a) In phr. co le(i)th and a half : noichtiche co lleuth 29½ days, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.5 ). sith mbliadhna co l.¤ , AU 1128 (ii 120.12) . fri ré bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 (H). dí ungi co leith, RC x 62.1 . tri huairi dec co ll.¤ , MacCarthy 46.3 . bliadhain go leith, TD 32.40 . míle go leith, Keat. Poems 1345. Meaning doubtful in: dia tí íasc i n-inbera rot bía hé[u] co lleith araile. Dia tí iall a mmag rot bía caúth co lleith araile, LU 5646 ( TBC-I¹ 1168 ) = co leth arale . . . colleith arailiu, ZCP ix 148 - 9 = dia foígela énflaith . . .co lleith alailiu . . . Día tomna . . . iasc . . . co leith arailiu, LU 5526 = co leith allaile . . . co lleth arailiu, TBC-I¹ 1043 = colleith alailiu . . . colleth alailiu, ZCP ix 145.38 . See TBC-LL¹ 1830 ff ., where Windisch's literal translation (see n. 0 ) with the other half (which makes up the pair) does not seem possible; araile, -iu, etc. may have belonged originally to the beginning of the next sentence (see Fasc. A 119.11 ff ), and hé[u] co l.¤ may be a hyperbole.

(b) In phr. for (ar) le(i)th: fer for l.¤ Connacht `more than half the Connaughtmen', Cóir Anm. 251 . gur cosain . . . treab ar l.¤ Alpan dó, IT, ii2 123.32 . ceall ar l.¤ ceall `one more than half of the churches', RC xiv 30 § 8 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 . triar for leith a sluag foracbaiset half their army plus three, RC vi 188.13 .

Compds.

In meaning A.

(a) Perh. in sense of -sided in: lethchil .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . gruaidh leathchorcra ar lí na subh, L. Cl. A. B. 193.90 . drech lethderg lethgabur (description of Conall Cernach), LU 8636 ( FB 47 ). do Meidbh Lethdeirg, ZCP xi 42 § 28 . do thaeb lethḟas bare, Mart. Tall. 112.1 . druim na leirge leathfholamh, Aithd. D. 20.26 . it é lethgabra amal Conall Cernach, BDD² 1150 , taken in BDD and by Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 as subst. ` centaur ', cf. lethghabar .i. lethech , H 3.18, 532.14 ; but cf. gabar .i. solus, Lec. Gl. 536 and see 2 gabor. as aigi-siomh fil in drec[h] lethgabar (of Genonn Gruadṡolus), TBC St. 4500. ag goradh a ghruaidh leithghil, L. Cl. A. B. 90.78 . Luoch Lethglass . . . lethglass e o talmain go mullach a cinn green-sided(?), RC xii 100 § 136. ? Dun da Lethglas, IT iii 40 § 34 (see Hog. Onom.). senchas lethmáel `pointless', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.24 . sluagh lethodar, Leb. Cert. 4.16 . ? bloscad inna gréne frisinna margánu lethrati, ZCP viii 175.24 . cuing leth-remor 'na leth-leirg `broad-flanked', Metr. Dinds. ii 46.10 .

(b) More partic. ¤ard etc. lit. (high) at one side, hence uneven, unequal: measam laidi (leg. lige) lethard lopsided, ZCP xvii 69 § 9 = ACL iii 230.155 . Usually in more abstr. sense unequal, unfair , etc.: claen cach lethard, O'Curry 351 ( H 3.18, 193b ). dire l., BCrólige 5 . tacra la leath-ard n-ae `to plead in support of an unequal cause', Laws v 252.11 . In Laws Comm. freq. lethairde: fo comairdi no fo leithairde `equally or unequally', iii 270.7 . comhroinnter eturru fein fo lethairde unequally, iv 254.11 Comm . ba lethard cundartha / ba tomus lettromm `an unequal contract, uneven measure', MacCongl. 73.29 - 30 . cid lethard a ngrād, BColm. 34.1 . im lethard rainne unfair division(?), ZCP xii 365.2 . ba lethfota a lám one of his arms was longer than the other, iii 218 § 24 . adhaigh is lá go leathfhada `of unequal length', Aithd. D. 61.20 . nī bu leithísel in mám down at one side, Hy. v 56. Hence with certain adjj. of defective rhymes: coic fodhla arē ccuibdes oll: / leathfoda, leathtend, leathtrom, / bruilingicht, nī bec in col, / let[h]garbh gin a lesugud, ZCP xii 295 § 6. See lettrom etc.

(c) Hence with nouns meaning judgement, opinion, contract etc. onesided, partial, prejudiced: ar n-aonbhrath breithimh-ne san Luan ní bu leathaighne partial advocate, Aithd. D. 55.7 . leathbháidh fil agat re hÓ F., Maguires of F. 18 . can lethbreath iter saidbir ┐ daidbir impartial, YBL 167b39 . ar in lethbreth ruc A. imon ubull orda, Aen. 211 . leith-bhreath le báidh ní bhéara Ó Fearadhaigh, DDána 109.20 . leithbr[ia]thar accusation(?), Acall. 7995. masa lethbrostu . . . no masa combrostu setting-on on one side (of dogs fighting), Laws iii 196.1 Comm . cia lethcoimpert i n-airbert breithe (improper behaviour in a judge), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ) = O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ), see ZCP xv 355 . arin lethcumaid dorōine sé ara brōgaib fēin sech brōgaib na manach the partial treatment he gave to his own shoes, ZCP iii 33.6 . lethchuma ar Ghilla Dé / ní cuibe do'n té dogní `an injustice to G.D.', SG 284.5 . do leath-chumaidh ar an gcuid oile don mheithil unfairly, TSh. 10134 . lethedargaire, MR 262.23 . is fer lethetrana do chuaid etarru biassed mediator, Laws iii 196.11 Comm . in t-ochtmad aithne:— na dena leth-fhiadnaise false witness, PH 7619. leath-ghrádh oide idir dhaltaibh favouritism, Content. xiv 13 . Cf. (adj.) dá gcor i sochar leith-leasach dhóibh féin to their own advantage, TSh. 7103. ? freagra do lethluith, O'Dav. 1510 . bíd in éudach coitchenn gan lethpháirt ar bioth `partiality' (i.e. particularity), RSClára 73b . Cf. leathrannach partial, unfair, Eochairsg. 11.31 . partial (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ro gníd lethinacht (= lethṡmacht) mór fair injustice, LL 217a33 ( TTr. 22 ). Cf. doghnid Ioip lethsmacht aturu, D IV 2, 26rb48 = BB 4a21 = 411b26 . ni dhearnaidh leathtrom na leathsmacht, 23 E 26, 289.11 . Hence: mad fleteg ledmagtach dogneid dind æclis, Wb. 11d16 (`factions', Gwynn, Hermathena xx 63 ). aighi (aigne ?) lethsmachtach partial advocate(?), ZCP xii 364.27 . brethem beris breith for leth tagra cin imaidbi without hearing both sides(?), Laws v 354.1 . See leithscél, etc. With similar shade of meaning in adjj.: ro bátar leithriata uile fri Poimp ar tus [cein] co táinic Césair `on the side of P.', CCath. 1244 (leitreta, v.l.) is mor is lethreta in cined doenna frisiṅ dualaig-sin in ecnaig inclined to, PH 6876.

(d) Pleonastically with words meaning side, edge, border. The following examples properly belong to sense B and should be considered under (f) Ériu liii 179-80 : dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `edge', CCath. 5431 . lámh le leathbhord along the frontier, DDána 96.13 . i leithimeal Mhuidhe Dermuidhe, Flower Cat. 471.32 . fa leithimel Conmaicne, AFM vi 1882.4 . medhōn idir dhā leithimell do chonngbhāil between two extremes, Celtica i 194.1078 . Cf. frém lethimeallach an láidaigáin `the exterior radix of the little finger', O'Gr. Cat. 287.31 . nirbo fota ro bai an cath can dul do lethleth `inclining to one of the two sides', CCath. 5742 . do leith-leith na sligedh `on each side of the road', Fl. Earls 162.4 . leithreadh .i. leithleith. robdar leithreadha .i. dochuadar do leithleith, no dén táobh, O'Cl. `leath-luighe leaning', Eg. Gl. 421. See lettáeb, etc.

In meaning B.

(a) In a variety of compds. in meaning half: fer lethbali, MU² 195 (`half-township', Gloss.). bith for lethbargin `a half-ration of bread', Ériu vii 162.z . ? midben .i. lethben nó lethuagh fobīth in toraind bis iter indalæ ben de, O'Mulc. 823 . samaisc i llethbeirt half a bundle, Críth G. 213. ailid cach ben . . . lethbiathad a ceile di `half the refection', BCrólige 56 . ? for lethblai baíth, LL 211a7 (see Metr. Dinds. ii 20.48 ). leth-chanóin `demi-cannon', AFM v 1732.13 . lethcoir n-urnadma `das halbe Ordnungsmässige der Antrauung', Ir. Recht 37.20 . mad lechur (= leth-chur) .i. forgiallnai, O'Curry 829 ( H 3.18, 380 ). fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir half the husband's retinue, Laws ii 386.6 . lethdei = semidei, Auraic. 2920 . lethdrécht . . . i ngort `a half-day's labour', Críth G. 84 (see note). a ndo[ro]chair . . . de lethdoinib . . . dineoch nad roacht cridiu cathae shirkers(?), RC xii 104 § 148 . Cf. co torchair fer ┐ lethfer fer nÉrenn leis, Comp. CC 109.18 , perh. a mere turn of phrase, cf. ech ┐ letheach fer nÉrenn, 11 . lethfeidm laech `half effort', Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 7 . aire forgill in lethḟira `des Halb Schwurs', Cóic Con. 38 § 52 . do leith fitt `half-ration', Mon. Tall. 156.20 . lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe, Laws iv 350.12 . Christo tantum seruit .i. cen ledfognam coiugio without partial service coniugio , Wb. 10a24 . ? dlighidh saerbiathad deisi, ┐ boin lethgabala `a cow of the second quality', Laws iv 350.y . geni gaba acht lethgabail de, 212.z . aithgin cona lethgabail diabulta `with double half-seizure', v 168.4 Comm . a lethgabol (-ál ?) étaig do brutt `half of clothes for mantle', Ériu i 220 § 14 . ¤gáe half-length spear, short spear(?) (possibly one of a pair of spears) : i suainem in let[h]ga letartaigh, CCath. 5598 . lethgai londrecha lasamna, TTebe 1400 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `half-spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . an tres fross do lethghaibh, TFrag. 182.6 . ¤Gall Of people of the Hebrides ( Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 ): uainn do Lethghallaibh léig[idh], Celtica x 196 § 11 . abbas Leithglinne, AU 639 . in Leth-innsi, 1412 (iii 64.2) . leathloghadh (opp. to lánloghadh) `partial indulgence', Mac Aingil 6421 . ? fri tōeb in lāir leithlessi (-lisse, v.l.) `half-ruined fort', Ériu vii 2.17 . nocht-aile isin lethmachaire `half (cleared) plain', O'Dav. 963 , cf. Laws iv 72.18 Comm ; 'pastureland occasionally tilled (?)' Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 248 . leathnomen = lesainm, ZCP iii 226.13 , cf. leth-ainm fir annatha, Anecd. ii 52.6 . lethol n-ais ó cach airig, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 . fuillem cacha leth-oile, Laws v 414.1 . cét lóeg ┐ di lethorc half-grown pigs (?), LU 6930 ( BDD 54 ). for hErainn cen lethrainn undivided, SR 2351 (cf. Wortk. vi 949 ). Bicair Leth-ratha, AU 1490 (iii 346.4) . cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ lethair 'half-noble' = lethṡáer, Celtica xxiv 38 . a laim leathaer sealba, CIH i 210.25 . .i. i lethsuir na selba, 211.1 . Cf. CIH v 1861.16, 18 , vi 2020.18, 19 . tri gnuidh do lea[th]scoilteach `half-cleavings', IT iii 196.6 . ic leithṡeolad ┐ ic lánṡeolad ri lethgaethaib with shortened sail (?), LL 236a33 - 4 ( TTr. 1431 ). leith slighidh half way, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.24 . emisperium .i. letspeir, Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.12 . ni tairgend a hathair lethtinol le, Ir. Recht 37.22 . cutrumu leth-tochusa in fir gusa teit `half the property,' Laws v 290.6 Comm . ní fhuaras . . . / leath-tail óm chéill chorpardha `I have not found even grudging obedience', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 11 . letorud . . . asin chulid half-produce, Lism. L. 321.16 . ? tech . . . amal bid lethuaim aicenta, ZCP xvii 232.4 .

(b) With names of measures, numbers, periods of time, etc.: leathbhannlá, Párl. na mB. 558 . hi cciunn lethbliadna, RC xxvi 366.18 . tri lethcheat do feraibh Airghiall, 150 men, ZCP xiv 234.12 . fiche bairghen . . . san leithcheathramhain, L. Cl. A. B. 46.15 . adopart teora lethindli trea thír Patricio, Thes. ii 239.6 ( Ardm. 17b ). cetra lá ┐ leith-seachtmuin, Acall. 775 . tigerna na Le[th]-Trian, AU 1538 (iii 620.10) . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 ( Thes. ii 14 ). fri re leth-uaire, PH 2475.

(c) With names of units of value: ledhcethramuine mir a cuidach do chuit S., Trans. RIA xv 19.23 . secht leth-cumala, O'Dav. 746 . leth-cumal i mmuin in tanaise, Laws v 400.x . leithdhéighe ar dhuine ealadhan dá ngealltar eich ┐ ba dhó, L. Cl. A. B. 45.9 . bo ag leth-loige, Laws v 402.z . ledhmharg, Trans. RIA xv 29.4 . lethmiach, O'Curry 1557 ( BB 185bb ). lethpinginn ar lacht caerach, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191 ). fere obillo dignus .i. ní ferr lethscripul, Sg. 49b10 . screpall cach eledna, no leth-screpall cach nem-eledna, Laws v 334.24 Comm . is let[h]sét inna lóg-side, Ériu xvii 70 § 10. na .v. lethuinge, BCrólige 20 gl. 5 . dorat side .xxx. leth-unga n-argaid da cind, BB 237b22 .

(d) With names of fines, penalties, fees etc.: lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 . leth-fir testa leth-arra `half the proof of witness or half-security', Laws ii 92.8 Comm . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.25 . a lethdilsi ar .iii. biaduibh co leth mbidh `half forfeiture', Laws ii 264.21 - 22 Comm . lethdire cro otrusa, BCrólige 6 . leithdíri da blāi-neimthib, Cáin Ad. 36 . letheiric otrusa cro gac fir di[a] mnai `half the penalty', BCrólige 6 gl. 4 . laneneclann don mac ina athair, letheneclann do ina senathair, Ir. Recht 40.22 . mād étged nō anfes, lethfīach ind, Cáin Ad. 35 . ioctar lethfiach anfocail ria, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ). im aradain ┐ im lethfrichnam na trebaire `half the service of the husbandry', Laws ii 392.12 Comm . leth-fuillem gill cauich (= cuaich) cach rig do chuuch cach airech, v 412.11 . lan gille ┐ lethgille, i 260.19 . na dlegat lethiarra doib `are not entitled to half fosterage-fee', 198.2 . bedidh leth lan (lethlán ?) ngell do tuit for cach, ii 136.17 . lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe, Críth G. 217 . direanur lethriaruib beusuib cétgiallna, O'D. 510 ( H 3.17, 415 ). do-beir lethsmacht ina sarugud, Ir. Recht 37.21 .

(e) With names of phonetic and metrical features: leath-aimser for taebomnaib half-length, Auraic. 1211 . áram f la lethguthaigthi `semivowels', Sg. 6a10 . in[n]a lethguta cetus .i. f, l, m, n, r, s, x, Auraic. 2904 . leathgutta ┐ mudi, 344 . it cosmaili a ndī lethc[h]omarc half-quatrains, Corm. Y 574 , cf. O'Mulc. 391 . cati a lethc[h]omarc ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.9) . lethcuibdius `an internal half-rhyme', Auraic. 3839 . dechnad mór ┐ lethdechnad (a metre), IT iii 6 § 5. lethmíbasc name of a metre, 49 § 89 . ni chuille luthbas lethnath (kind of poem ?), Ériu xiii 18.18 ( O'Dav. 1164 ). in lethrand hīsiu dano .i. imommloiscet mo dā n-ō prūll— caiti a lethrann ? what is its corresponding couplet ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.20) . ina lethrann tuíseach, IT iii 7 n.3 , see p. 128 . gēb-sa lethrand dús in ba cubaid frissa ṅgēba-som, Fing. R. 119. With rannaigecht of metres with shortened line: leth-randaigecht mor corranach, IT iii 82 § 63 . cumasc leth-randaigechta moiri ┐ rindairde, § 64.

(f) With names of things existing or thought of in pairs. See also examples listed above in section (d). Of parts of the body: lethail (óil) gl. mala, Ir. Gl. 90 . i lleithóil a meic `one of her son's cheeks', Cáin Ad. 12 . flesc . . . . do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili `so that their one hand may rest on it', Ml. 45c9 . a lethchoss geidh you one-legged goose (lit. one leg of a goose), IT iii 102 § 190 . for lethcois ┐ letsuil standing on one foot and with one eye closed, RC xii 98 § 129 . co tard a leathgúalainn fria hursaind in tigi, BDD² 542 . dligid in rí a leathgualainn 'the king is entitled to sit beside him', Leb. Cert.² 583 . fó a leth-oscail deis, ZCP v 526.24 . tuc buille ina lethchíg shoiscéla, SG 41.4 . mó ná both leptha a lethchlúas, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.74 . ma ro benad a lethchos, no a lethlam . . . do duine no lethbel, Laws iii 348.11 - 12 Comm . dlighid dno ri A. . . . leathlaimh rig Erend ig ol ┐ ac aenach to be beside, BB 274a4 . ┐ se baccach, leth-roisc, PH 620 . lethsciath `one of thy wings', RC xx 48.6 . ro-s-bensat a leth-shuil ṅdeiss asa chind, PH 553 . gallgha dan lán do leathdorn, DDána 84.45 . a leathára ┐ íth muice, L. Cl. A. B. 45.11 . leathuille dheas Í Dhomhnoill, TD 27.20 . ócc-laech leth-ruisc clí, BNnÉ 94.8 . stuadhus a lethghlún . . . ar bhéaluibh Ḟinn, CF 253 (Eg.) = a glun deas, text. In B. na f.: lethrend .i. lethchos: dā lú is lethrend dībh co losc, ZCP v 484 § 6. Of weapons: 'na leathgrúaidh, Duan. F. ii 224 § 7 . im chechtar a da lethdorn in chlaidib, LL 237b38 ( TTr. 1548 ). Fig. leathlámh, a Dhé, im dhál distress my portion, Aithd. D. 52.1 . ? tríocha laoch gan leathlámha, DDána 86.32 . In deriv. adjj.: misi . . . co leath-lámach, MR 308.7 . tri náimhde . . . lethṡúilecha one-eyed, Acall. 6248. Less exactly with names of other parts of the body: baluid dia lethagid in luirg, TBC-LL¹ 651 . imspelip dano .i. bīd folt cechtar na dā lethc[h]end on each side of the head, Corm. Y 1091 . bit lir . . . renda nime far leithchind ┐ far lethchloigind, BDD² 861 - 2 . lamha leoiti ┐ leithcind letarda, CCath. 3179 . dar leit[h]cenn Sleibi Ois, 4770 . tecmait da sleig inna dib leth-foltaib two tresses(?), LU 4359 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. 506, 36 ). gur leadair in leath-ucht ┐ in leath-bhruinne, MR 300.1 . ro ber[r]tha a lethu[l]chi, SR 6720 (= rasit . . . dimidiam partem barbae, 2 Reg. x 4 ). conda tarla fora lethbeólu lopsided, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). Note also the adj. lethcholpthach of a defective cow injured in a leg, limping(?): mat leth-colpthach, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). intan . . . ropo lethcolb in set, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191b ) = O'D. 662 ( H 3.17, 492a ). cid caoch cíd lethcolptach iat, O'D. 855 ( H 3.17, 609 ). cid lecholb, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16b ). cid lethcolpach iat, O'D. 1646 ( H 5.15, 20a ). Cf. intan roba chaech no crín no bacach in sét, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16 ).

With a large variety of other nouns in sense of one of two, one of a pair : ní thuc acht lethassa imme `one shoe', Fél. 12.28 . doníter long . . . do lethblaeisc na huidhi (leg. huighe) sin one half-shell, RC xxiv 377.5 . iall lethbraigi (= bróice), IT iii 81 § 59 . gabaid leithchenn na cloiche, Acall. 2176. genelach húa nEchach Coba ┐ is iat-side let[h]chenēl (lethcenelach, v.l.) Dāl nAraidi, Corp. Gen. 326 (162b13) . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra he would win his game from them, RC v 199.27 . lethcnaim a rig, Laws v 354.5 . led-chollbe flatho `one of the two pillars of the kingdom', Wb. 23d31 . lethcholbe flatho .i. Brigit, Thes. ii 326.3 ( Hy. iv 9 ). leathchonchlonn eile an Íobhail `the Jew's companion', Aithd. D. 94.3 . lethchosmailius lesom inso trisa cotarsnae one member of a comparison, Ml. 30d19 . 37d10 . ro gab a leth-chuarán de, Lib. Hymn. i 187.32 . dom leathchuing fhir ealadhna to my fellow-poet, DDána 76.21 , cf. Aithd. D. 13.22 . nochar leathchumthach leanna / A. `no solitary drinker of his feast', Aithd. D. 42.11 . dá leath-dhlaoi an dréimire the two uprights, TSh. 10832 . tainic ar inchaibh a lethemain `his twin brother', CCath. 2068 . lethén in eóin allmaraig the foreign bird's mate, GJ iv 42b22 . claideb lethḟáebair one-edged, TBC-LL¹ 1718 . aos lethḟaobhoir, ZCP x 285.6 . Cf. cletine .i. lethfaobrach, O'Dav. 568 . is lethgabail flatha fri hEoganacht they are entitled to kingship in turn, Irish Texts i 21 § 13 . leithgenelach D. pedigree on the other side, ZCP xiv 70.6 . is do leithgenelaig fer nGréc dóib, Dinds. 128 = do Greccaib a llethcinel, Bodl. Dinds. 14. fria lethéill a bróci do bein de, MacCongl. 47.9 . smacht lethime one side of a boundary-fence(?), Laws v 270.21 Comm .; y Comm . leathlámhann (sic leg.) one glove, Eochairsg. 64.29 . leathmharcach `fellow-horseman', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 406.8 . lethmuincille, RC xxvi 362.6 . a braithre . . . da mharbadh tre leathol fleghi having shared a feast, Caithr. CC 2 (leg. ḟleadhól? But cf. lethdeog fri caindli sorcha, Anecd. i 14.16 = SCano 480 ). Cf. (adj.) iairmeirgi ḟuar leathrannach `nocturns that equally divide (the night)', Acall. 2963 v.l. ( SG ii 178 ) = ZCP vi 271.10 . Indrechtach . . . lethríg Ulad `one of the two kings of U.', Ann. Inisf. 835 . drem na llethríg, Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 32 . leithrí-sede na Mirmidonda `one of the two kings', LL 240a35 ( TTr. 1741 ). i n-aghaidh an fhir do ríoghais / . . . / leithrí má do-ní do námha a rival king, Aithd. D. 31.18 . C. lethrí Ciarraighe do marbadh . . . do ríg na leithe aile do Ciarraigi, RC xvii 397.7 (Tig.). ro chosain Eocho lethrīgi nUlad īar sin fri Muridach, Aided Echach 202 §6 . i leithríge in tsída fri Fiachna sharing the kingdom, SG 57.25 . G. . . . leaththuiseach don cluichi `one of the two leaders', Ériu xii 142.26 . lethorsa gacha tigi oil door-post, Fen. 166.1 .

(g) With various adjj.: fōcra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24. lethbaiti `half-drowned', Aen. 268 . co torchair sís lethbéo, Trip.² 1505 . na daoine leithbheó dying, TSh. 5698 . doroich . . . in ri cusind epscop ┐ se leth-brec half-speckled with fire, RC xxvi 366.18 . lethchaech gl. monoculosus, Ir. Gl. 624 . cailleach lethchāech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . da mbeth fír occa . . . dam[b]adh gó . . . dam[b]ad lethchintach, IT iii 191 § 20 . cith lethchomnart a n-ude half as strong, ZCP xiii 374.13 (= xx 221 ). lethchosgarthai gl. semirutas, Ml. 128b5 . With -chuind (g s. of cond sense) legal of persons non compos mentis: athgabail fir lethcuind, Laws i 200.29 . ainm do amadan . . . in fer lethcuinn, O'Dav. 485 . o murcuirthi leth-cuind, Laws v 82.12 Comm . Cf. co nderna lethincinn di ar mbrisiudh a leithchinn, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n.2 . in cetraime lethdedenach second last, IT iii 74 § 34. leithdeimhin `almost certain', Mac Aingil 2424 . re h-anaicentacht leis na lend-brat . . . leth-fada half-long, MR 180.13 . Treithne Leth[g]leór, LL 4917 . Eithne lethgleoir, Rawl. 134b12 . is hé lethgleóir leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400 = TBC St. 4408. leithghléoir .i. leathshúil ghlóire. laoch leithghleoir, O'Cl. a siriti lethguill, LU 8879 ( FB 67 ). Sothṅge lethgot (n. pr. f.), Rawl. 134b19 . Leath-lobar mac Find, RC xvii 340.x (Tig.). ledmarb gl. emortuum, Wb. 2c26 . a brathair ledarthi leathmarb, TTebe 1013 . coin brena lethoma, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). lethshathach gl. semisatur, Ir. Gl. 403 . fear uirísiol bean uasal . . . clann leathuasal tig uatha, Párl. na mB. 577 . anní do tindsgnadh atá sé leathullamh, Carswell 16.12 . This prob. also the sense in lethtenn, lethtrom and lethḟota of consonants in the poem in ZCP xii 295 ( daur, gort, bethe . . . / do leith for leith is leathtroum, § 2 ). ngetal, luiss, ruis cona rinn, | nin ┐ muin ... | ... | fedha lettenna, ZCP xii 295 § 3 . fern is coll is tinne tra | ... | donī in trīan sin ... | lethtenn lān is lāncuibdes, ZCP xii 295 § 4 . coic fodhla ar ēccuibdes oll: leathfoda, leathtend, lethtrom, ZCP xii 295 § 6 . With adv.: lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 (i.e. the Ogam notches of the m-group transverse the ridge).

In legal contexts: a mic ro gialla, ni cuirthe curu leathfas, O'Curry 1751 ( 23 Q 6, 33b ). ni cuirther curu lethfasa, O'Curry 1064 ( H 3.18 , 440a ). medon-lax .i. leth-lax, O'Curry 114 ( H 3.18, 72 ). cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas no airbert ae leth-balbh teanga ┐rl. .i. comaircim cia in lucht comairbertnaigther don dara leth um an ae um an caingin, O'Curry 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) `halb Stummzungige', ZCP xv 355. Similarly: cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae .i. comaircim cia an lucht comairbertnaigter don dara leth uman ae uman caingin ┐ inarbtar o airbert fethamhnais ┐ brethemnais iad .i. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis ┐ lethanbal n-ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20a ), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ), O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ), O'D. 1658 (ibid.). fer medongaite leth-indlidhach in ceile `half-unlawful', Laws v 218.17 Comm . O'Curry 2154 - 5 ( Eg. 88, 4a ), O'Curry 2156 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(h) Rarely with verbs (mainly for alliteration): cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic co ro lethchaech hé, Laws iii 84.1 (Introd. to Lebar Aicle). Ulaidh leis mar leathghabhaid when the Ulaidh take his side, Aithd. D. 20.20 . rí dá lógh do leathtolladh whose side was pierced, 60.2 . ro leithbrisedh ┐ ro lángabhadh an baile, AFM v 1658.20 .

In many nn. loc., both as subst. and as first element of compds. See Hog. Onom.

lethaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lethaid or dil.ie/30044

Forms: lethad

v (cf. leth, lethan)

I Intrans.

(a) spreads out, extends : l.¤ folt fota fraīch, Four Songs 8 § 3 . is de lethas mullach in maic forsin cloich (of an unborn child), ZCP viii 309.17 (Laud Gen.). ar no lethad a n-anae tar na tīrib, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.13) . dulend dergóir fora bruinnib ro leth dar cechtar a dá gúaland, LU 9267 . ticfa nel . . . teinntide / . . . / lethfaid dar talmain, SR 8028 . ro leith fid ┐ mothar dar crich nGuaire, Dinds. 84 . loch geinfes uaidi ar gurt glass / ┐ frit linnd-siu lethfas, LL 197a13 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 180.176 ). fuil na lámh do leath `the blood of His outstretched hands', PBocht 5.10 . Of sound: delm roleth, Ériu iv 136.3 . doreir Dé . . . / ro lethsat darsin domun (of the children of Israel), SR 5244 . bá fairsing foirlethan ro lethsat na laochbhuidhne ó raile, AFM vi 1962.9 . Of an epidemic, pain: ar dáig na ro letha in teidm tria ballaib in chuirp, PH 4223 . treaghait ┐ cnuicc hi Laighnibh ┐ ro leth cidh fo Eirinn, AFM ii 884.12 . Fig. of fame, influence, etc.: in gein irrdairc ro leth a clú ┐ a cumachtu dar in domun .i. Isu Crist, RC vi 175.z . ro leth tra clu ┐ erdarcus Hectoir sechnón na huile Assia, TTr.² 1067 . sgéal do leath `a far known tale', Content. xviii 45. Of grief: . . . is (leg. in?) luga ro leth cumha dar Saidb, . . . / lā iar tuitim Eogain uill, ZCP vi 269 § 5 . ro leathsat . . . a ó-doirrsi eistechta re gabad na gealtachta opened wide, MR 232.8 .

(b) Orig. is halved; hence is diminished, deteriorates, falls away: do leath gach nī bhudh ní damh `everything I valued has melted away (lit. spread)', O'R. Poems 3860 . do-chluinim d'éis a éga / gur leath lucht a choimēda, 3843 . neart do lámh ar aird ní fhuil / do leath a lúth fad chosaibh, DDána 56.5 . nír leth a n-áiremh dá nesbadaib ó sin amach the number of their losses did not diminish(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 42.20 . Similarly, l.¤ ar: leathaidh ar phobal Phuirt Rois, DDána 96.8 .

II Trans.

(a) spreads out, extends : lethech . . . ainm . . . do losait, arindí lethaidir bargin fuirri, Bodl. Corm. 12.7 . (lethaitir, lethaigther, v.ll., Corm. Y 825 ). rí roleth brat nimi náir / im thoebu talman, SR 6161 . tri .l. c. lendbratt Liffi / lígda lettáis dara lár, LL 296a23 . ticdis . . . eoin . . . co leathdiss a n-eiteada . . . tairis, Ériu v 20.16 . gorro lethad an detach for talmain, Grail 3108 . ro lethsett a ngraifne . . . go Mullach Taiten, AFM ii 1168.18 . do leath é féin aran dtalmhain i bhfioghair chroise, TSh. 9147. Fig. an drong leathas iad féin ar shaidhbhreasaibh, 6982 .

(b) halves, cuts in half : claideb . . . co llethad finna fri barr ḟoth ra gére, LL 189b11 (cf. con tescfad finna i n-agid srotha, TBC-LL¹ 2577 ). ? a chalggoin as léir do leath, L. Cl. A. B. 275.95 .

Vn. lethad.

See also lethaigid.

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