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1 cú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cú or dil.ie/13291
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: chon, coin, choin

n n, m., later also f. See GOI §§ 328 , 74 , 89 , 203 . With lenition of closely following wd. ( c.¤ ches, LU 8336 , cf. Cú Chulainn, passim), § 232 . For gender cf. g s. in chon , Mer. Uil.² 267 . n p. na coin , Anecd. i 9.21 (so also SCano 287 ). in choin , Bodl. Dinds. 32 . With masc. pron.: smacht ar choin gan eill ní heidir / a thoil féin dá léigir lais, Dán Dé xix 8 . c.¤ m. (and f., v.l.), IGT Decl. § 21 .

(a) dog, hound : c.¤ goirt elscothach, Lat. Lives § 64 (69.2) = avidus canis, Vita Br. 10 . do conaibh gortaibh, Blathm. 107 . co rāssa in cū, TBC-I¹ 539 . ba samalta ri gláim con allmaraig, MU² 611 . D. ┐ D. . . . dā choin M. Fothartaig, Fing. R. 59 . ri iarthair Laigen, ┐ a ben . . . ┐ a chu do marbad i n-aen uair, AU i 570.4 . cia ris fa fearr do crudh c.¤ who loved a hound better? AFM ii 898.20 . da folaib con ┐ catt ┐ druad (sc. noxious liquid for spearheads), MU² 732 . .iii. bliadna don gurt. trí saeguil in guirt don coin (dog's life-span), Lism. L. xli 7 . coin a tuil a leanmhain día sleghaibh (sic leg.) `their hounds asleep, fastened to their spears', Cóir Anm. 70 (322.15) . dá maer a chon masters of hounds (in enumeration of Finn's household), SG 93.14 . c.¤ bhus oirrdhearca n-iomráidh (in praise of Mag Uidhir's dog), DDána 112.1 . lēcad chon re fīed (an unprofitable act), MacCongl. 125.18 . fágbhaim fútha an ch.¤ sa cluithe `the hound and sport' (i.e. `the whole business', note 2), Ó Bruad. ii 196.4 . In name of plant: blas na gcaor gcon, Dánfhocail 74 (`dog-berry', Gloss.). In more general sense: a ndul a ndealbaib ceithri con . . . a ndeilb madaid, RC xxiv 174.6 .

(b) c.¤ (allaid) wolf : cu'allaid gl. lupus, Ir. Gl. 417 . isait coin altai in degboin, Vita Br. 27 . lúatha coin dod-repnadar, BDD² 1515 ` wolves ' ( BDD 166 ). os hé conrethed laa cona (of the child Cormac, carried off by a wolf), ZCP viii 311.1 . amal mucca eter conaib, LU 4442 . cúana mára cucu (na hoegaire) do chonaib alta, LL 36599 . atchīatt na conu cucu 'na rith, BColm. 54.3 ; fáolchonu, 5 . co[i]n allta, 12 . c.¤ allaid, CF² 1159 . na coin alta ┐ na sinnaig, O'D. 1686 ( H 5.15, 29 col. 2 ). nuall-ghul . . . amhail chona allta, TSh. 5857 . Name of plant: atriplex .i. cu allaid `orach' (Gloss.), ACL i 335 § 86 .

(c) With other defining wds: mo ch.¤ coiméta `guardian hound', Cóir Anm. 214 . coin fhodhairne .i. dobharchoin, no madaidh uisge, O'Cl. See fodorne. c.¤ lechtig, see ? lechtig. c.¤ lomna , Fraech 330 . c.¤ neimhe fierce hound (the smith's hound in Táin), Ir. Syll. Poetry 59 § 4 . ō mud na con tairisi .i. na con tighi `of faithful dogs (i.e. of domestic dogs'), BColm. 82.z - 84.1 . c.¤ ruadh .i. seannach ` fox ', P. O'C. c.¤ ruad Droma meic Dáir, SG 56.21 `wolf'. cū otraigh 'a yard (lit. dung-hill) dog', Celtica xxv 151 ​​. See 1 árach, 1 lorg, loman, and sodach.

(d) Fig. Usu. laudatory of persons, etc.: flaith in chon bic (i.e. Congalach, a king), ZCP xii 236 § 55.3 . c.¤ congbhála cáich `maintaining hound' (Conn), ML 86.5 . c.¤ fiadhaigh fhola hAdhaimh (of Mary's glory), Aithd. D. 87.2 . In unfavourable sense: I. h. Flannchada, cu na naemh ┐ na firen (`persecutor', note), AU i 570.7 - 10 .

Very frequ. in nn. pr. notably in name C.¤ Chulainn. See Contribb. 539 , Corp. Gen. Index 572 f. Mac Con, ZCP viii 312.9 . mo Ch. cháem chain (sc. C.¤ Chulainn), TBC-LL² 426 . in C.¤ Chulaind . . . no bíd ar Maig . . . Murthemne . . . Mássa C.¤ fil and, LU 9312 - 16 . eter Conall Cernach ┐ Coin Culaind, LU 8781 ( FB 58 ). C.¤ na Cerda `Hound of the Smith' (C.¤ Chulainn), TBC-LL² 434 . ó Choin cherda Conchobair, LU 3573 ( SCC 29 ). O Coin Allta `grandson of C.¤ Allaid', RC xviii 271.18 . Blatmhac mac conbreatan maic conngosa (in title), Blathm. p. 2 . do Coin-bretan . . . Cu-bretan mac C., RC xxiv 48.3 , 4 . C.¤ corb, Cóir Anm. 191 . C.¤ cen mháthair, 48 . Clann Con-Coingelt (genealogical heading), Corp. Gen. 292.24 . Cúduiligh (name of a coarb of Máedóc Ferna's), BNnÉ 287 § 274 . drai derg donnbuidhe / curaí ín rindmuighe, IT iii 94 § 144 . Cū Rūi, Bruchst. 26 § 58 . lecht Con-rúi i Sléib Mis, RC xxiii 306 § 10 . hi crolecht Caunrai (rhet.), ZCP viii 565.10 .

(Prov.) doringnis C.¤ ┐ Cethen dím .i. c.¤ thanic i tech Cormaic . . . co ro marb Cethen . . . ┐ co romarbad in c.¤ fochetóir, LL 161b marg. sup.

Metr.: c.¤ mara, fault to be avoided by poets, consists in lack of a second internal rhyme in second couplet. Named from the ex.: ni cainfidhear Cu Mara / da fagha bu du-bera, IGT Metr. Faults§ 9 . Exemption is given in some metres. da aisdi ina tabar sairsi do Choin mara no tri no .i. leith-dechnaidh . . . ┐ dian oireng ┐ deachnaidh breacht, § 75 . sairsi dhisi sa leithdeachnaidh, amail ata ni doigh Daire ag roind a tire / re cloinn Creidhe (the lack of an internal rhyme with Daire is permitted because of the shortness of the line). Ata comardudh re `roind' . . . gurab uime sin do-berar sairsi do Choin mhara isin aisde sin, § 76 . §§ 77-8 .

(e) In extended application creature, insect, parasite (us. with defining word): cú cnámha .i. snasán, O'Cl. ` vermin, louse ', Contribb. 540 . See cnám, loscann . c.¤ cherchailli .i. findoi facabar a fés na hóili, Harl. 5280, 41a , Contribb. 540 . moth, bed-bug (?), see c.¤ finda s.v. ca(u)nna. c.¤ ḟiaclach, see O'Curry 1886 - 7 (of person, the c.¤ glas) under (f) below.

(f) Legal. cu na tri ngnimh, O'D. 2449 ( Rawl. 506, f. 61 p. 1 col. 1 ) `a dog that can track and seize, and can defend against attack', Plummer MS notes. im choin for a mbi ottrach `hound of the dung hill' (watchdog), Laws i 126.8 .i. cu sechtair doiris, 144.7 Comm. na dobrana amhail na cona cennta, O'D. 1686 ( H 5.15, p. 29 col. 2 ). da cet do cach crudh aici (in briughadh leithech) cinmotha coin ┐ cata, Laws i 46.24 Comm. tri coin fogail fomnaither and three dogs are checked in trespass, iii 414.23 . caithe con `trespasses of hounds', iv 122.4 Comm. muilliud con `setting on a dog', iii 518.20 . ni cuirter coin congail[e] fair `no dogs are set fighting in his (the invalid's) presence', BCrólige 61 . aithne con do sedhguinecht, Laws v 190.18 . oin con fri tofund `the loan of a hound to hunt with', 278.5 . in cu confaid `mad dog', iii 272.20 Comm. in cu cedcintach (of liability in cases of dog's first bite), 522.16 Comm. `c. glas' (derogatory term BBCS xxiv 116 ) of person without legal status except through his wife, hence one whose children become in effect members of their mother's `fine', their father as an outsider having no `fine', stranger, castaway (?), see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 132 , 183 , 197 : cu-glas (.i. in ti amail coin imfaenledaigi gabar tar glas na fairgi, in murcurthe, na fuil ac tigerna airithe, 19 Comm. ), direnar side a inchaib a mna, ┐ is si iccas a cinta, Laws v 516.7 . cu glas (.i. deorud loingsig, Comm.) di-renar side a inch(a)uib a mna, etc. c.g. i.e. a proscribed foreigner (Thurn.), Ir. Recht 64 § 4 . ni aile maithre cuit i maccaib — acht mac con glais (.i. ín muircairthi, Comm.) no mac ambui, 31 § 33 . fiacail conglas . . . .i. in cu fiaclach gabair tar glas na fairge, O'Curry 1886 - 7 ( 23 Q 6, 22 aa ). Cf. Mac con glaisi, O'Dav. 418 `son of the gray wolf' (or of the female stranger or n. pr. f. ?).

Compds. oi-ba . . . coinba, echba, duineba murrain of dogs, ZCP iii 245.y . conbadh inna con, AU i 246.2 . conbóchail gl. Hylax, Thes. ii 47.25 . im conbuachaill (sic leg.) cacha cethra `watch-dog', Laws i 126.8 . rucus slān cinad conbuachalla, ZCP xv 331 § 22 (Caratnia) `das Vergehen des Hirtenhunds'. Fothad coincheann dog-headed , Corp. Gen. 103.14 . concro gl. decipula, Ir. Gl. 261 . hi con-chrú `amid the blood of dogs', Metr. Dinds. iii 392.z . Fear glas fri concuru, BB 369a18 , SG ii 496.31 `handling of hounds' = fri concairecht, Dinds. 35 . a coindobrain `his otters', Hy Maine 90.z . confæl conrechta .i. ben conrechta .i. inti risa cartanach dol asa eol a richtaib con amail atait i coinerca (Í Chon Erca, Ed.), BCrólige 32 and n. conoel (leg. conḟoel .i. ben tet a conrecht, O'Mulc. 269 . O'Curry 95 = fáelchú 'wolf' CMCS xliv 64 n. 105 ) ( H 3.18, 67 ). in cetramod plag .i. cinomi ┐ scinifi ┐ confiaclaca conda i cricaib . . . Egept biters (flies, midges ) = muscae ( Exodus viii 22 , 24), BB 240a46 . Cf. na cuili conda mus-luaiditis dar béolu ┐ tar gruaithe dóib, Celtica iv 24.326 - 7 . coinḟiadh (sinnach, v.l., notes) dá lí ar tí a hén fox , Acall. 846 . ? mar da chuala in cughaire / noco cluinfea in damgair, IT iii 89 § 112 . Murphy Metrics 60 § 85 (`hound-cry', Gloss.). ¤glecc, see coinglecc. co n-gabdáis cointéill ┐ echlusca duit `lash thee with dog-straps, etc. ', MacCongl. 107.1 . coneill (a s.) dog-leash , Acall. 3208 . de genere CorchuChonlúain, Thes. ii 265.9 ( Ardm. 11b ). ga chonmhaoraibh `gillies', Aithd. D. 20.5 . conmaor `intendant de chiens', Études Celt. xii 532 . a conmír gl. offam, Sg. 103b1 . Ir. Gl. 276 . ferr cara inā conmīr (prov.), ZCP vi 260.22 `a ham is better than a morsel for a dog' (?), RC xlv 88 § 5 . See s. 2 cara. conogam .i. archu, etc., Auraic. 5740 . tiagait iat i conrechtaib `in the form of wolves' (of Síl in Faelchon in Ossory), Todd Nenn. 204.2 , cf. ¤ḟáel supra. (in n. loc.) Glenn na conricht, Acall. 7716 . deisidh for a chon-righthibh hi fiadhnuse na heillte `on his (a wolf's) paws', BNnÉ 29 § 34 . tar a conumbur (sic leg.) `dog-trough', Laws ii 118.16 Comm.

See 1 cana, coinchenn, coinḟíad, 4 con, conchar.

2 damnaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 damnaid or dil.ie/14526
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: domnais, domnaim

v domnaid (rhyming with fognam SR).

I Ties, fastens, binds : Stokes, Corm. Tr. 164. 8 . Meyer, Contribb. 587 . damnais .i. ceanglais, Stowe Gl. 83 .

II Usually like Gk. δάμνημι, subdues, conquers; of animals breaks in. sluaig síl Adaim ... rodomnad ... do ḟognam Demuin SR 2675 . rodamnad ... dadrad hídal is arracht, ib. 2679 . rodamnad co sáthib slóg Ramath cathir na nAmmon, ib. 6731 . damainti he subdues him TBC-LL¹ 689 Y. rodamnaid ┐ roslechtaid saermilid andsin, Alex. 270 . Lomna domnais drechnatha (v.l. drecht ndatha), LU 87 upper margin (see RC xxii 394 ); Meyer translates: L. bound together poems (staves). Luan Deaa damnus (.i. chenglus) cach iath, ZCP v 485. 17 . Here probably also Corm. Tr. 164. 12 : crann ar lias .i. gobenn gaibthir forsin cethrae co ndamnaiter a núde i cumung.

Sense I is not well supported. The passages in Corm. s.v. udmad ; LL 311 b 11 : domnais (gl. .i. cenglais, whence Stowe Gl. 83 might have been taken) giallu gall co coic assa Alpion ( co coictaib arda Alpeoin, Rawl. 115 b 19 ); and ZCP v 485. 17 (cited above), are not sufficient to prove the meaning tie. In fact, the meaning tie, bind would not be expected with this root, whether one sees in damnaim the Celtic equivalent of Gk. δάμνημι (as Strachan proposes, VSR p. 61 ), or, as might also be suggested, a loanword from Lat. dominari (cf. the o-form domnaim, not found with 1 damnaid), which in time fell together with 1 damnaid (from Lat. damnare). The true Irish cognate of δάμνημι is daimim, Celtic agreeing with Scr. and Germ. in forming the present with io. The complete absence of primary inflexion and of a vn. formed directly from the root is against the comparison damnaim: ib. 150 .

derg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. derg or dil.ie/15626
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: derc, derg, deirg, derg, d.

adj o, ā.

(a) Of colour, red, ruddy (used of colour of blood, flame; also of orange or tawny hue as of ale, gold, etc.): d.¤ gl. luteus, Sg. 49a3 , gl. lutea, 7 . derc gl. rufus, 37a5 . flann gach nd.¤ , ZCP ix 167.z . tene d.¤ , SR 8294 . dobiur lim cóer ndeirg do ibur, Ériu iv 134.4 . folt d.¤ lais, LB 181a11 . fil lenid ndeirg . . . immi, TBC-I¹ 61 . braena fola derge, Todd Nenn. 206.7 . suile derga eyes red with weeping, PH 584 . Cf. A. Ó Dálaigh viii 10 : bríogh a guidhe 's a déar ndearg `her blood-red tears' (= ardent ). Of animals: ech d.¤ , LU 8630 ( FB 47 ). hirricht bó deirgi, Ériu iii 141.2 . guth gadhair dheirg, Duan. F. i 83.28 . mor ndamh ndearg (of stags), ib. mucca derga, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.14 . Of liquors: lind d.¤ .i. flaith d.¤ red ale, Thes. ii 337 ( Hy. v 38Comm.). um chomhól ndeoch ndearg, TD 20.55 . Cf. derglaith. Of gold: di or d.¤ , SR 529 . dind ór d.¤ , 4150 . d'ór dhearg, TD 17.36 . Of earth or clay turned up, dug up: reilge derga (portent of the end of the world), ZCP viii 196 § 18 . do-chífe dearg druim tar ais | . . . | gach leath dot ghormfhaithche ghloin, | ó chomhghraifne each, Studies 1922, 411 § 11 . Cf. don taobh thiar thuaidh d'Eirinn dheirg, Atlantis iv 122.z . do cherdaib in domnáin deirg `the vile rude world's estates', SG 51.y . Hence of persons, of ruddy complexion or red-haired: oclach . . . d.¤ = iuvenis rubicundus, PH 7030 . ben d.¤ cona dib braaib dercaib, IT ii2 242.17 . red ghnúis ndeirg, TD 3.19 . Equative: deirgither losa liac, TTebe 479 . dergithir re corcair, Acall. 6636 v.l. brecdergithir síon spotted with crimson like a foxglove, BDD § 97 . Compar. nir bo dírga grís inna ind aiged (sic leg.), IT iii 298 § 34 (Cóir Anm.). As subst.: scripthar int psailm tria dub ┐ in tituil tria derg in red (ink or pigment), Hib. Min. 244 . derg g s. deirg, d s. derg, IGT Decl. § 15 . dearg a grúaidh the red of his cheek, ex. 1240 .

(b) Transf. red with blood; bloody, sanguinary: imatuarcat doib combo d.¤ cach dib di arailiu till each was red with the other's blood, YBL 118b17 . fuidel fir deircc di duinib of one red with (the blood of) men, Ériu vii 150 § 17 . atre in rí . . . cona chroich deirg . . . fria aiss, SR 8269 . red-handed (i.e. a shedder of blood): náma ┐ esgcara láime deirge do, SG 268.33 . atú mar láimh ndeirg ag Dia God looks upon me as His foe, Dán Dé ii 30 . claidebderg red-sworded , Metr. Dinds. iii 340.38 . Of a criminal: dul dá guin eisi (i.e. asin chill) no taidhecht d.¤ indti red-handed , O'Curry 985 ( H 3.18 424b ). Hence of meat bleeding, raw, fleshy (as oppd. to fat): d.¤ cach n-om, Laws v 432.2 Comm. dergcarna ┐ saill, ii 202.19 . da mer dia d.¤ `two fingers in the lean of it', 254.11 .

(c) red-hot, incandescent: iarnn d.¤ = candens ferrum, Lat. Lives 96.1 . cloch d.¤ a ndabhaigh fhuair, 3 C 12, 6.13 . lecca derca fo chossaib (of hell), RC iv 252 . co slabradu derga . . . tentigi, PH 8309 .

(d) In fig. sense, full-blooded, flushed with pride, overbearing (?): fri dīmmus nd.¤ ndocht (one of the capital sins), ZCP vi 271.11 . derg . . . cach n-indligthech, Laws i 54.2 Comm. , v 432.2 Comm.

As subst. o . d.¤ , m., IGT Decl. § 15 . don d.¤ redness , ex. 701 . gan crecht . . . gan d.¤ wound , TBC-LL¹ p. 387 n. 5 . math glas nō d.¤ 'if it be a bruise or an abrasion' Cáin Ad. 28 § 44 , Ériu lii 127 (Di Ércib Fola) . In phr. derg dásachtach a blood vessel located in the head: bídh a fis agad co fuil inadh (sic) ann nach dlegar do crechad mar atáit .. dergdásachtach ocus ruadhrasach ocus gach uile a mbí gluasacht ocus bualad in pulsa know that there are places which may not be cauterised such as the derg dásachtach and the rúad rasach and everywhere in which there is movement and a beating pulse​, O'Gr. Cat. 269.11 . derg dasachtach ┐ rúadh fhrasach, Ériu lxiv 6 n. 22 ( G11 289b28 ). cidh fodera duine do thērnamh ōn derg dāsachtaigh dā letarthar eidir ūainibh an cinn, et duine ele gan tērnamh? 'why does one person recover from the derg dásachtach if it [he?] is wounded between the sutures of the head, while another person does not recover?', Ériu lxiv 7 ( 72.1.2 fo. 59v7 ). in derg dāsachtach, Ériu lxiv 10 ( 72.1.2 fo. 62v14 ). muna baca an derg dāsachtach no cuislí ele 'if the derg dásachtach or another vein does not prevent it', Ériu lxiv 11 ( E 4.1 120b28 )​​​​.

pn In names: na trí Deirg do thig Deirg, BDD² 296 . in Derg Drúchtach, name of Colum Cille's curach , Reeves Ad. 274.13 . forsin Deirg Drúchtaig `the Dewy Red' (of Conall Cernach's horse), RC iii 183.30 . dofeccai secha a gabuir .i. in Deirg ṅdruchtaig, 184.30 .

Compds.

(a) Of colour, in sense (a) above. With adjs. ¤aigthech red-faced : ba derrscaithec (deargaighteach, v.l.) a delb, Cóir Anm.² i 95 § 72 . ¤buide reddish yellow: taraill a lám leiss in gipni ndergbudi, TBC-I¹ 1879 . ¤chorcra crimson: dí gáe d., Ériu iv 102 § 43 . ¤domal dark red: alaile dath cruanda ┐ alaile dergdomla, ZCP xxx 124.3 . ¤lethan broad and red: claideb . . . d.¤ , TBC-I¹ 2341 . ¤ruad: dairedha dergruadha do slegaib ` rud-red ', CCath. 5345 . dragún dearg-ruadh, TSh. 7856 . With adjs. derived from subst.: ¤dathach red-hued: Lomna druth d., LL 48b18 . ¤órda: drochte . . . dergórdai, SR 476 . cosna delbaib dergórdaib, 4360 .

With subst.: ¤ainech red-face (as sobriquet): Maeldúin d., Rawl. 144g42 . ¤chodal red (i.e. tanned) hide: curach nua co ndergchodail, RC x 84.5 . ¤derc: scéo mnáib dergdercaib with eyes red (from weeping), ZCP iii 256.15 . ¤ibar red yew: cét ndabach ṅdergibair, LL 51a22 . ¤lasad: luinech . . . 'na láim ar derglassad glittering like a red flame, LL 120a44 . a dhá shúil ar d. ina chenn, SG 295.14 . ¤lasair red flame: g s. doigh derglasrach, ZCP viii 212 § 60 . ¤loscad: ag dearg-losgadh, TSh. 6627 . ¤ór (see Études Celt. iv 314 ) purified gold (by a de-silvering process) ZCP xxxviii 246-47 n. 13 , Medieval Archaeology xlviii 37 : rond derc-óir, LU 3273 ( SCC § 7 ). ¤rót: a threabh . . . na ndearg-ród red clay roads , Ir. Monthly 1919, 456 § 8 ( DDána 97 ). ¤scé red hawthorn: imar cráibred ndergscíach, TBC-I¹ 1953 = ṅdercscíath, TBC-LL¹ 2617 . ¤theine: i carput dergthened, SR 7136 . ¤thes: d. fola, Ériu ii 102 § 12 . ¤uma red bronze, copper: scieth . . . co mbocoidibh derccuma, TBC-LL¹ 5477 .

(b) In sense (b) above. ¤ár bloody slaughter , SR 5648 . LL 375b27 . ¤béim a blow that draws blood, Laws iv 364.22 ; 'a blow that inflicts bruising or swelling or loss of skin' Ériu lii 125 (Di Ércib Fola) . ¤ḟine family group that has been guilty of `fingal', O'Don. Suppl. derggfine issede cruess, Laws iv 284.10 . deirgfine .i. indiḟíní fíngalach, 286.10 Comm. ? ¤ḟochor: dergfochuru do tuit i ndilsi, O'Curry 881 ( H 3.18 394b ). ¤martra red martyrdom (involving death): dercmartre, Thes. ii 246.31 (Cambr. Hom.). irlam fri dergmartrai, ZCP iii 29 § 9 . Bloody death, slaughter (in general): ilar nderggmartra dogni (of Cú Chulaind), ZCP ix 122.y . derccmartra ┐ dortadh fola, AFM vi 2178.5 . ¤ruathar a bloody onset: dergruathur, TBC-LL¹ 4344 .

(c) As a mere intensive. ¤lomnocht stark naked , TBC-LL¹ 4253 . TSh. 3674 . ¤maith, LL 128b34 . ¤náma a bitter foe: iar ṁbádud a ndergnámat, SR 4036 . do dergnamait, 6368 . amail dergnamait, CCath. 5164 . ¤náimdenas fierce enmity: dobudh créachta gan dúnadh a ndeargnaimhdeanas, ML 30.2 . ¤thruag: rotoccbadh an cenn . . . ina scath dhearccthruagh do Ghaoidhealaibh `a spectacle of intense pity', AFM 1172 (iii 4.6) .

Cf. further: dergfilliud erred náir, LU 9290 and : dergindledhaidh errid nair, BB 248a16 (both names of one of Cú Chulaind's feats). ¤mír `red morsel'. Apparently technical name for property illegally acquired. See Laws v 430 - 4 . amail deirgmir, 434.10 Comm. cach manach . . . dosli disli do eclais a aicsi lee samlaid manup dergmir, O'Curry 871 ( H 3.18 , 391b ). deirgmireanda, Laws v 430.22 ( .i. mirenda omha indligthecha, 432.1 Comm. ).

do-fúarat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fúarat or dil.ie/17698

Forms: tua(i)rth-, donurteit, dufuairthed, tiruairsit, tuairsid, difuairsitis, condiuair, duruarid, doruarthatar, dorruairthetar, diuradte, díurad

v (*dí-uss-reth-) See GOI 526 . In Mid.Ir. influenced in pres. 3 s. by 1 téit (see exx. below) and with prot. stem tua(i)rth-, perh. from a compd. *to-uss-reth- (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 600 ) remains over, remains. Indic. pres. 3 s. intan d.¤ ind .e. timmorte in deoguir when the short e of the diphthong remains, Sg. 12a3 . d.¤ latt . . . gl. remanent, Thes. ii 37.14 . nícon diurat ní diib dia ǽs nothing of them remains, Ml. 72b17 . co leth in edh dohurrtéit ann, Ériu i 215.19 . a ndourrtéit ann. . . forsna trēinibh, 23 . co ná túarat ní de etir, 214.27 . masa ingin nama do ruairtéit di cloinn in athar, O'Curry 1406 ( H 3.18 635 ). dofuairthét molta maini, RC xx 44 (ACC pref.) = dofúarthet .i. marit, LU 359 . bo ┐ tri screpaill issedh tuarteit ann, Laws i 246.3 Comm. aingi in trúagh nát túartéit ní, ZCP vii 269 § 11 . teora pinginne dec . . . isedh tuartet, Laws i 246.6 Comm. na comarbada donurteit ann (pl. ?), ii 212.21 Comm. ní tuairthet and iarsin acht se lathi trichat, PH 4933 . Impf. dufuairthed gl. cum superesset, Ml. 97d12 . dufuairthed ní leu fora saith din main some of the manna over and above their fill used to remain over, 10 . dotuairthed boimm leis dé .u. panibus, Trip.² 2860 . Subj. pres. 3 pl. mad dia tiruairsit na cinta forna coimétaib, O'D. 749 ( H 3.17 452 ). Impf. 3 s. comadh air tuairsid in fhingail so that on him might remain the guilt of the murder, RC xvii 29 (Tig.) = tuairseadh, AFM i 122 . 3 pl. difuairsitis dia æs that might have remained after him, Ml. 57d3 . Fut. 3 s. ní condiuair ní do foraithmiut etir there will remain nought of memory at all, gl. nulla signa remanere videas, 56d2 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. doberae digail forsan dered duruarid dib, 44a20 . ní deruarid lannech gl. apud nullum remansit, 31a6 . is hé lin doruaraid díb | dia tuathaib, SR 4985 . do threon na trúag ni thuaraid | oenfer dona morslúagaib, 5071 (leg. th[r]uaraid, Stokes, Academy No. 584 ). cotarfuaraid léo . . . | dá chliab déc dia fuidlechaib, 7627 . psalterium . . . ised ainm doruaraidh forsin lepur-su, Hib. Min. 30 . dorūaraid (doroaraid, v.l.) Lomna i bfus, Corm. Y 1018 . mad ed do claind nama doruaraid ann ingen, O'Mulc. 327 . a ndoruaraid (sic leg.) do nat[h]rachaib, Alex. 716 . is aca aonur doruaraid an berla dorad Die do Adam, Auraic. 2501 . a ndotuaraid dib rosdibaid T., Dinds. 9 ( RC xv 300 ). an doruaraidh (sic leg.) dhiobh ro teichsiot ria tTúathaibh Dé, Leb. Gab.(i) 150.21 . don terúairsi doruaraidh (sic leg.) aca dia ffíon, Hugh Roe 8.22 . do neoch rothiruarthestar din churp doenna . . . ar cind báis, RC xxv 242.8 . toruarith Mac Caiss a horbu obtained (? Cf. do-airret), Anecd. iii 62.23 . 3 pl. doruarthatar gl. remanserunt, Sg. 5a13 . dorruairthetar, 18a6 . See 2 diruais. Part. diuradte gl. residuus, Enchir. Aug. 77a ( ZCP vii 483 ). ? cach rét mbec diurtha, O'Dav. 689 .

Vn. díurad. See also tiruairse, túairse.

2 drúth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 drúth or dil.ie/18911

Forms: drúith, drúith

n o, m. Subst. use of 1 drúth. Later also drúith; in oblique cases somet. confused with druí.

I

(a) professional jester or buffoon: d.¤, fidchellach, fuirseóir (in the household of Tara), Metr. Dinds. i 26.165 . rom altsa . . . eter erredaib ┐ ánrathaib, eter drúthaib ┐ drudib, LU 10281 , cf. ZCP iii 235 . do druith, do oblaire, Laws i 156.31 . .x. ndruith .x. ndeogbaire, TBC-I¹ 1372 . druith ┐ deogbairi . . . ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.23 . na cornairi ┐ na druith, IT ii 180.2 . Find ua Baiscni, is dó ropad druth Lomna Midlag, Corm. Y 1018 . Darera .i. druith Meic Con, Lec. 361b50 . Húa M. . . . rigdruth Erenn, RC xxiv 50 § 7 . amal druth ic furséoracht (of David dancing before the Ark), SR 6684 . tri druíth remib co mindaib argdidib, TBFr. 38 . géim drúith `a jester's shout', RC xxiv 54 § 16 . The d.¤ somet. exercised the functions of a satirist: fáitte Medb na drúith ┐ na glámma ar cend Fhir Diad, TBC-LL¹ 3017 . a tri druid (drude, LU; leg. drúith?) dénma glám ngér, ZCP iii 262.30 . na secht ndruith dia rinnad ┐ dia ndressad, Lec. 34b40 . mac an drúith al-los ghlamh ngéar, 3 C 13, 923.18 . There was an inferior class of drúith who were vagrants , often spoken of with disapproval in relig. lit.: donaib druthaib = cléir aesa ceirdd = praecones, Trip.² 2382 ff . drúith ┐ gobaind ┐ cáinti (forbidden to travel on Sundays), Ériu ii 208 § 31 . na druithi ┐ na cainti ┐ na crosanaigh (among the damned), RC xxviii 318 § 30 ; ZCP viii 208.5 .

(b) In later lit. somet. poet, learned man (prob. through confusion with druí): Murchadh Hua C. primdruith ┐ primollom Condacht, RC xvii 406.29 (Tig.) = AFM 1067 (file, v.l., see note K). an dall Ua C. ríghdruth Ereann `royal poet', AFM 1166 . druth Aedha cecinit, 866 .

II In Laws imbecile, person not responsible for his actions: druith dochuinn dasachtaig (classed among `fuidhir' tenants), Laws iii 10.18 ; cf. Comm. 12.1 , where the d.¤ is said to be `co rath' (i.e. able to be of some use?), oppd. to: dochuinn .i. mir cen rath no mic beca. Distinguished from gaeth (a normal sane person) and fer lethcuind (a half-witted person), iii 156.18 f. fer turgaire druith is é asren a cinaid the man who incites an imbecile pays for his guilt, iii 156.4 . cor druith no mire (invalid contracts), i 52.1 . ni gabter athgabail druith na dasachtaidh, ii 44.27 . druth .i. oinmit . . . cen fiach fair ina chintaib, Corm. Y 472 . orba drúith the inheritance of an imbecile, Triads 205 . ní cria di ṡecht mbáethaib file la Féne .i. . . . di drúth, di dásachtach, Tec. Corm. § 19 . Equated with amatán fool , O'Dav. 518 . d.¤ .i. oinmhid, O'Cl. As ā, f. of a female imbecile: lanamnus genaige, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 16 .i. donither tre gean og mear no dasachtach fri druith no dasachtaid, Laws ii 356.28 Comm. = fri dru[i]th no dasachtaig, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 74 .

Hence Corm. Y 875 , druith gach mer, cf. Ériu ix 47.20 .

Compds.

(a) With adj. ¤bennach : m. Trichim Druthbennaig, ZCP viii 334.11 (for possible meaning of sobriquet cf. Corrcrechda .i. ainm do cnoc bis a n-étan na n-amatán . . . is é aithni in druith in corr-c. do beith ina étan, O'Dav. 518 ).

(b) With subst. ¤cathmíl: iar marbad a druithchathmil[ed] jester and soldier, Fianaig. 34.7 . Druthnia, n.pr. m., LL 190b43 ; Rawl. 155b52 , 157.48 (Druith-). ZCP viii 332.31 .

drúthacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drúthacht or dil.ie/18912

n ā, f. (2 drúth) buffoonery: Lonma (sic) fri druthacht, SG ii 496.30 . Lomna Druth fri druthacht, Lec. 466b10 .

fid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fid or dil.ie/21999
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fid, fid, fiuth, fedo, feda, feda, feadha, feda, fidu, feda, fedae, fiodh, feadh, fedae, feadha, Feda, Feadhaibh, fidbretha, fidbreth, fidbhrethaibh, buale, fiddromandaib, fidḟaebraib, ḟidliss, fidlestra, fidletrenda, fidlosa, fidnemeda, fidṡlatta

n u, m. (occasionally nasalizing in n.l. : Fid nGabli, LL 159a50 = Dinds. 11 . See Todd Lect. iv 203 ). n s. in fid Wb. 5b42 . d s. fid, Ml. 146a5 . fiuth, Trip. 194.19 . g s. fedo, Thes. ii 46.22 . Sg. 35b12 . feda, 12a5 . 70a12 . 121a1 . ind feda , LU 4768 . feadha, TD 13.2 . n p. feda, Auraic. 952 . a p. fidu, TBC-LL¹ 3791 , 6054 . feda, LL 108b46 . Corm. Bodl. s.v. serb . g p. fedae, O'Mulc. 511 (?). fidh, Auraic. 1199 . fiodh, feadh, TD 21.40 ; 28.35 . Orig. perhaps `a boundary-tree ' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 41 .

(a) a tree (sense in Glosses). arnaib fedaib (gl. pro arbustis) Ml. 146a6 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu et fid aile do esnid and it is their wont to cut a tree and to insert another tree therein 5b42 . clandaid fedha isna muighib corbad caillte `plant trees in the plains that they may be forests' RC ix 16 § 4 . nenaid quasi non fid hi acht lus, Corm. Y 987 . amail timc[h]illes féth fidh, Fianaig. 94.21 . mar nasces féith fidu, TBC-LL¹ 3791 . ná loisc ríg na fed (of `féithlenn') SG 245.15 . risna fedaib fína (fig. of chiefs) RC xiii 74.18 . doire ... do ḟeadhaibh crainnreamhra (i.e. spears) ML 128.29 . direnar fo tairdbe cach feda ... acht ni saeres nemed de (.i. a bheith conad fidh neimhidh e), Laws iv 168.22 ( 170.14 ; cf. fidnemed). defining gen. : caill fedha `a wood of trees ' Laws i 32.14 . crich incoisce bile feada `a district ... marked by an ancient tree' iv 142.19 Comm . fāl fedae (g pl. ?) a tree-hedge O'Mulc. 511 . Passing into sense of tree-trunk, tree regarded as timber : ceithre fedha ... i croich mic Dé ... cedir, cupris, etc. ZCP viii 107.16 . is cuileand in tres fidh roith in carpait holly is one of the three woods used in a chariot-wheel Auraic. 1182 . Of small plants : fidh aigenta, ut est int aitend no in fraoch ┐ rl., Auraic. 2833 . Hence

(b) wood, timber: aicdi dognethi di fiuth [ḟid v.l.] na cailli sin, Trip. 194.19 . co ngaisciuth do ith wooden armour TBC-I¹ 1180 = doíd, LU 5657 (= do ḟid). Of a shaft or pole : feadha spear-shafts ML 132.17 . fonnad fri fonnad, f.¤ fri f.¤ , LU 8705 ( FB 53 ). canna, f.¤ bis il-laim (= walking-stick ?), O'Mulc. 204 . Of a wooden shield : fid fō coitled comḟūaim ṅglaíd, Ériu xx 192 § 2 .

(c) trees (coll.), a wood or grove: distinguished fr. 1 caill : fulacht cacha chaille, cnuas cacha feada, Laws v 482.26 . In Auraic. 1150 ff ., Laws iv 146.18 ff ., trees and shrubs are classified as airig fedha, athaig (aithig) f., fodla f. and lossa f. iter fid ┐ mag, Thes. ii 239.15 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). roselgatar ... in fith resna cairpthib TBC-I¹ 275 (= fid, LU 4769 ). fri tamnad feda for felling trees BB 365b13 ( Dinds. 27 ). imthéigmís ... cach f.¤ ┐ cach fásach, TBC-LL¹ 3531 . i fedaib ┐ fásaigib, 554 . ralotar fón f.¤ ba comnessam dóib, CRR 37 ( LL 176a35 ). ni ḟarcaibset figh na fēr ... gan loscad, RC xliii 110 § 116 . tairthe fiodh TD 21.40 . sleibhte ... ameasg a feadh, 28.35 . As n.l. in pl., Feda the Fews: isna Feadhaibh , AU 1452 . See Hog., Onom.

(d) a letter of the alphabet (each letter being called after a tree) fid ... a airbert .i. a thapairt for v fedhaib fichit inn ogaim, Auraic. 3551 . In this sense sometimes called f.¤ saerda artificial tree: fid saerda .i. f.¤ inn oghaim ┐ f.¤ aicenta f.¤ na caille, Auraic. 397 . Cóic Con. 25.3 . f.¤ .i. fo ead a inde iter saerda ┐ daerda ┐ aiceanta, Lec. Gl. 215 . imord feda .i. Colman quasi comlān transposition of letters BColm. 6.5 . fidh ┐ deach letter and metrical foot Anecd. v 27 n. 21 . fri fidíu [leg. fidu] ┐ deuchu, IT iii 24 § 3 . reim do fidh for fidh (= alliteration ) Auraic. 805 . dūil feda, the name of a treatise (see 3 dúil) : amal duiruirmi [Fenius] isin Duil Feadha Māir, Auraic. 200 . anmand fidh ... amal fogabar isna Duilibh Fedha inn ogaim, 1199 (= isin Duili F., 4311 ). de dúlib feda na for[f]ed, LL 38b7 ( Auraic. 5417 ), title of tract on the Ogham symbols for diphthongs. See 3 dúil. duili sluinnti ┐ duile feda, Laws i 44.20 .

(e) esp. a vowel, distinguished fr. taebomna `consonant' : fedha ┐ taobomna id est uocales et consonantes , Auraic. 2787 . 393 . f.¤ na filidechta ... ┐ an taophomna docuirither reisin bfiodsin, 3565 . f.¤ in anma prosta, 3567 . feda airegda vowels (dist. fr. forfeda `diphthongs') 1341 . 2870 . 199 . IGT, Introd. 4.16 . (Used inaccurately to include diphthongs) na .x. feadha airegdha, Auraic. 427 . Cf. uillind .i. uilli na fil and .i. dā cnāim nō dā fid, Corm. Y 1282 (see uilen and 2 uillenn).

Compds. ¤ár destruction of trees: uentus maximus co ra la fidhar, AU 856 . AFM iii 38.9 . ventus magnus ... condarsgar fidhár mar isnaib caillibh, AU 891 . co nderna f. 1121 . ¤bla boundary marked by a tree or wood: fidhbla, crich son incoisce bile feada, Laws iv 142.19 Comm. ¤breth judgment concerning timber: n p. fidbretha, Laws i 182.1 . O'D. 931 (< H 3.17, 658b ). g p. fidbreth, Laws iv 168.20 . d p. fidbhrethaibh, Irish Texts iv 26 . ¤buale a wooden enclosure or pen: as a faltaigib ┐ a fidbualtib, LL 265a9 ( MU² 391 ). ¤chat `wooden cat' mouse-trap (< ON tréköttr, Marstrander, Bidrag 46 ) : fidhcat, (gl. muscipula) Ir. Gl. 260 . amal charas in luch biad in ḟidchait, PH 7738 . ¤chóem (adj.) : slega ... fidcaimi with beautiful shafts Cog. 160.26 . ¤chrann wooden shaft; pair of large wooden dividers or reaping tool ( Peritia xv 314, EIF 501 ): ní bhoí rinn ... for gaib ... acht a mbeith mar ḟidhchrannaibh `wooden bars' Cóir Anm. 268 . dias f. Laws iv 310.12 ( Críth G. 178 `a pair of wooden shears', see note), cf. MacNeill, Law of status 291 .

¤chúach

drinking-vessel (the first element may originally have been mid mead) Celtica x 144-45 : mo[i]r beolu fidchōich, TBC-I¹ 395 ; 'as big as the mouth of a wooden drinking-vessel' Celtica x 144 = midchúaich, LU 4882 . samla beolo fidchuaich indara súil do, RC xiv 404.5 .

f. ┐ cú lomna leu, LL 251b44 ( TBFr. 26 ). ZCP iv 44. 32 ; 'a wooden vessel (for water or mead ?)' Celtica x 145-46 . Cf. dias oicfended, otē findliatha ┐ fidcuach cechtar de is mo, TBC-I¹ 2815 ; 'two grey-haired warriors, each carrying a wooden vessel on his back' (reading for muin cech ai) Celtica x 145 .

¤druimm a wooded hill or ridge: oc imt[h]echt ind ḟiddromma, LU 3768 ( SCC 34 ). d p. fiddromandaib, TTebe 696 . ¤fáebar : d p. fidḟaebraib, TBC-LL¹ 2328 (context obscure). Hence adj. ¤fáebrach : fraech ... f. deg-arm, MR 224.14 (epithet prob. refers to the spears of a phalanx.) ¤fogal plunder of woods or timber: Fea fri fidḟogail Fáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 198.3 . ¤gerrtha shaft-slashed: gur bho blogha ... fíodhghearrtha na feadha (of spear-shafts) ML 132.16 . ¤glennach belonging to a wooded valley: epithet of a bull , Metr. Dinds. iii 372.72 . ¤less: g s. Eochaid fírén ḟidliss `of the woodbuilt keep' Metr. Dinds. iv 44.14 ( v 141 ). re mac rígh fega fidhlis, Acall. 1195 (fedha findlis v.l., sic leg.? Stokes). dar Fé cusna fidlessaib (= Mag fea? Cf. ¤fogal) LL 48a22 ( SG 373.13 ). a bhferunn Fhiachach fidhlis, RC xliii 32 § 31 . ¤lestar a wooden vessel: pl. fidlestra, Laws v 406.18 . ¤lethrenn a wooden clog attached to foot of an animal to prevent it from straying: pl. ro scuirit a n-eich ... ┐ ro cuirit a fidletrenda fosta fuithib, Acall. 2803 n . ¤luss tree-herb, shrub: pl. fidlosa BB 309a19 ( Auraic. 5493 - 6 ) = losa feda, see (c) above. ¤nemed a tree which grows on the land of the nemed-person, a sacred tree ( Bechbretha 108-9 ); a sacred wood or grove , but also a tree or grove on church land ( CMCS viii 50 ): acht inni ṡoeras de sin a bheith conad fidh neimhidh e, uair nocon fo aignedh craind ita in [dire] aind side acht fo aigned graid inti iga m[b]ind 'but its being the tree of a sacred person is what increases it, for the penalty there does not depend on the nature of the tree, but on the nature of the rank of the person who owns it' Bechbretha 58 § 15 n. c . racossecrad ... fidneimed do Ióib ┐ a delb in dea isind ḟidnemiud, LL 227a20 ( TTr. 732 ). fidhnemhedh coisrectha dona déibh, CCath. 1768 . fidnemead (.i. fid cilli), Laws v 474.7 ( 476.3 ). dire in fidnemid i 162z Comm . Ard Macha do loscadh eter tigib ┐ dam líag ┐ cloictheach ┐ fidhnemidh, RC xviii 350.12 (Tig.). tene ... do ghabail Aird Macha cona farcaibh dertach ... na fidnemedh ann cen loscadh, AU 995 . pl. fidnemeda na Greci, TTebe 288 . is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . Fig. fidhnemed do tṡlegaib urardu re ṅguaillib (of a band of warriors), Acall. 4418 . See neimed. ¤rath, lit. `wood-stock' (legal term): se rath file la Feine ... luathrath. f., etc., O'Curry 878 (< H 3.18, 393b ). fiadrath [leg. fidrath ?]. .i. rath erner hi fid do loingsech, O'Curry 879 (< H 3.18, 394a ) (cf. rath caille .i. rath do loingsech bis a caill, O'Curry 875 < H 3.18, 392b ). ¤slat a wooden rod, wand: pl. fidṡlatta findchuill, TBC-LL¹ 1433 . ¤úall? fid-úal (: gúal) `pride of timber' Metr. Dinds. iv 148.36 . ( ¤uall, fiodhghual v.l.).

Freq. used to form proper names, see Hail Brigit p. 23 n. 20 ; for stable compds. see below (fidbocc, fidchell, etc.).

? lodra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? lodra or dil.ie/30479

ind lachain odra l.¤ lomna áraig, LL 306b35 ; hypermetric; a conflation of odra and initial of lomna ?

loman

Cite this: eDIL s.v. loman or dil.ie/30595
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f.

(a) cord, rope, thong, string : l.¤ .i. luamain bís fuirri no luman .i. beg in manu , Corm. Tr. 104 . lomna .i. téd. do cheangladar na lommadha (sic) .i. na téda. O'Cl. scena búana aíne, lomna, tál (among the proper equipment of a mrugḟer), Críth G. 178 . biail, l.¤, fidba, strathar, nasc (a list of items in ogam tírda `agricultural Ogham'), Auraic. 5725 . l.¤ aecorse gl. spiras funium, Thes. ii 235.9 . sainchenelae srogill imbí .xl. l.¤ `forty thongs', Wb. 17d3 . minus una .i. lora .i. tesarbae oínl.¤ `one cord was wanting from it', 2 . aiteog .i. in l.¤ bís imbe, Laws i 152.25 Comm . im lomain tige gniad, 124.15 : .i. l.¤ carr ┐ beart `the rope for tying carts and loads', 140.3 Comm . (but Plummer MS. notes suggests reading lomancar, q.v.). an lín l.¤ fil for brot na bachla, BColm. 92.33 . do lomnaib ┐ do rothaib in carbaid, ZCP viii 538.4 . a n-uaimm . . . do lomnaib cruadi ┐ do shnath ciartha thongs, LB 156b59 . lomna áraig spancelling ropes or thongs, SG 385.36 . ni duí for lomma cach thanic and a spancelled fool, LL 11909 (for lomain, for loma, v.ll., TBC-LL¹ p. 757 n.7 ).

do-beir (or ad-aig) lomain for (imm) ties up: dadascara a nōnbur ┐ dobeir lomain forru, ZCP xiii 176.16 . dobeirside lomain imme ┐ no mbeir fora muin, LL 14341 . ataig lomain forra, ACL iii 326.18 .

(b) leash: a milchú ar a mórlomain, Ériu iv 100 § 33. cú cen cuibrech no cen lomain, O'Curry 18 ( H 3.18, 8a ). sgaoiltear dhúinn gadhair mhic Mhórna / . . . / as béal na lomhán (sic) re fánaidh out of the leashes(?), Oss. iv 20.24 . Attrib. gen.lomna dog on the leash or tied up: athcuma do con lomnai, Laws i 232.4 . cu lomna linges for fer, O'D. 2201 ( H 3.17, 140a ). dochumlái ass . . . tríb nōnbaraib . . . , ┐ cú lomna leū, ZCP iv 44.x .

(c) bridle, halter : go ro maidset a n-idi ┐ a n-erchomail a llomna ┐ a llethrenna (of horses), LL 10777 ( TBC-LL¹ 3825 ). óigeich .i. lomhna connaigh (leg. conāigh ?) gl. gaillialla rich, splendid bridles(?), Ériu ii 4 n.66 . is mairg thescas a lomna , LL 120 marg.

Compd. ¤glas grey-threaded : araoít letta lomonghlas impe 'a worn grey mantle around her' ZCP xxxvi 71 . ? ¤tarraing dragged by cords(?): gallgruitni iarna lomantarraing tré crúaidbeól senballáin `after they had been strained', Hib. Min. 66 § 9.

midlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. midlach or dil.ie/32194

Forms: midlach, midlaige, midlaig, midlaech, midhlach, midlaig

n ā, f., and o, m. v s. midlach, FB 67 ( LU 8878 ). g s. midlaige; midlaig, LU 6157 = TBC-I¹ 1672. The form midlaech (due to association with láech) appears to be always treated as o, m. stem. The orig. sense may be one incapable of bearing arms, below the status of a warrior, perhaps a weak-witted person. In Laws iv 344.6 . the term midhlach is applied to a definite class of persons at the lower end of the social scale, placed after oínmit, and is defined: fer nara gaib sealb na horba na treba na trebthair do, 352.30 . Cf. also Ériu iv 124 § 1 : ni théiged rí cen rígain . . . ná midlach cen drúithsig. It seems sometimes to be equated with `2 drúth': Find . . . is dó ropad druth Lomna Midlag, Corm. Y 1018 (orc treith) = Lomna druth (.i. mídlach), Corm. p. 34. mol Midend midlaige, ZCP viii 308.1 , cf. Midend druth Eochath maic m.¤ , 307.32 . The general sense in lit. appears to be a coward, weakling: m.¤ .i. medón-lax .i. leth-lax, Corm. Y 946. nim m.¤-sa re teacht a comhruc, Aen. 2916. darat bruth ┐ bríg in cach midlaig díb, LL 243a18 ( TTr. 1956 ). ni gnim cubaid . . . serc do thabairt do midlaich (: imdaid), ZCP xiii 202.13 . nir bo thutim midlaige, LL 121b44 . ni hatach mbille .i. ni hatach bocht no midlaige, Thr. Ir. Gl. 133 ( Fél. July 3 ) = ni hatach boicht no mídlaig, Fél.² cxiii . ní ba haisdear midhlaighe, Duan. F. i 41.36 . Cf. mathmuine midlaige `soft-hearted coward', Metr. Dinds. iv 320.26 ( LL 181b57 ). midlaech cech díchoisc, Tec. Corm. § 15.35 . marb-sa gach midlaech 's gach mugh, ZCP vii 302.12 . coisc-siu gach midhlaech, gach mer, xii 390.30 . ní bás míodhlaoich a bhás, ML 142.17 . pl. scarais Murchad fri midlaig | mrogais trénu `M. parted from cowards', RC xxiv 54 § 14 (perhaps sing.). ro crithnaigit menmandæ muadhlaech ┐ midlac[h] ┐ daesccursloig, CCath. 3887. do marbad múadhlaech ┐ midhlaech, Fianaig. 90.14 . ar curaid . . . is mór do midlachaib a llóg, FB 56 (`great to timid folk is their value', Henderson ITS ii ; ? they are worth many cowards). de mnaíb . . . midlaigib ┐ meraigib ḟer ṅHerend, TBC-LL¹ 3826.

As adj. compar.: nir mesa ┐ nir midlachu meisnech . . . maicne D. more cowardly, MR 244.17 .

torathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. torathar or dil.ie/41438
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m.

(a) monster (of human offspring): dona toglúasachtaib ┐ dona toratraib doennaib, LU 2534 . dona náedenaib ┐ dona torathraib, 2540 . ni berthar torathair no togluaiste lind, Alex. 895 . ructha tri mac ┐ robadid leis ... ar ba doig ropdís torathair, LL 126b12 . ingen Chain cholaig diar chuani torathair thall, RC xlvii 290.2 .

(b) monstrous animal, reptile: conid hé sen bunad na torothor, LU 128 . rogeinset torothuir in domuin .i. fomoraig ┐ luchorpain, Rawl. 70a5 . gignitir in cach thuaith toraithair, RC xxvi 64 § 255 . tir lomna de torathraib, PRIA xvi (2) 242 § xlvi . itconnairc in óg fochétoir in torathor grana hisiu, Three Hom. 74.10 . ro lensat na torathoir isan muir íad, BCC 394.10 . amal ba bledhmhil do torathraibh in maru é, CCath. 3646 . 40 scris ┐ ro delaris piasta ┐ torathru a hErind, Cog. 188.1 . t.¤ ingnathach do torachtain ina tir, Stair Erc. 1230 . is maith liumsa cuirp na Tiabanda do bheth fo torthraib muiridibh ca n-ithi, TTebe 3560 . co faiceadsom scath an torathair ag tachur ris, 1205 . t.¤ taobhnocht truaghánta, TSh. 6618 . ? baeth críche crich co ndorthor (: Onchon), Auraic. 5284 = iar thorthor, 5295 .

(c) monstrosity, outrage: co nder[n]sat nemgradha mora ┐ torathra dermara, CCath. 2459 . t.¤ no olc difulainne, 2922 . is t.¤ comairli sin monstrous advice, Lism. L. 4682. trothar gach gliadh 'the outrage of every battle' Cín Chille Cúile 341.13 .