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ar-sissedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-sissedar or dil.ie/4312
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: arasissiur, arasissedar, arasisedar, -airisedar, arasissetar, -airesetar, arsissethar, -airissedar, arsissinn, aurisfemmar, [a]r-siasar, ar-sesar, arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, ar[s]isestar, -airsir, ar-sesatar, ar-said, arroissisiursa, arroisestar, arosiuir, aroisir, arrosir, tarrasair, -arrasar, arrastair, arrasair, airisid, airisem

v ( air-siss-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arasissiur, Ml. 41c3 . 3 s. arasissedar, 51b13 . arasisedar, Sg. 213b2 . -airisedar, 139b1 . 3 pl. arasissetar, Ml. 39b11 , 77b3 . -airesetar, Sg. 209b19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. arsissethar (arsissetar MS), Ml. 120d19 . -airissedar, 131b4 . Subj. impf. 1 s. arsissinn, Ml. 44d26 . Fut. 1 pl. aurisfemmar, LL 13935 . ? Pret. 2 s. [a]r-siasar (-ir, -iur), Ériu xvi 179 § 1 , § 2 , § 3 . ar-sesar, xix 82 § 1 (or perh. subj. pass. sg. (with jussive sense) of ar-said, ib. 86 n. ). arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, O'Dav. 93 . ar[s]isestar, Ériu i 215.1 . -airsir, Mon. Tall. 150.28 . 3 pl. ar-sesatar , Ériu xix 83 § 7 (or subj. pass. pl. of ar-said, ib. p. 86 n. ). Perf. 1 s. arroissisiursa, Études Celt. xl 74 ( Ml. 88a9​ ). 3 s. arroisestar, 18d16 . arosiuir, RC xiv 245.5 , 246.19 ( arosisir, YBL 212b19 ). aroisir, 246.24 . arrosir, BB 499b36 = tarrasair, Alex. 1035 . -arrasar, LU 5811 = arrastair, TBC-I¹ 1340 . arrasair, LU 6621 .

Later as simple vb. airisid. IGT Verbs § 65 .

Vn. airisem.

Stays, stands fast, rests, remains: dú inairesetar `where they remain', Sg. 209b19 . mani airissedar ind lam fri talmain, Ml. 131b4 . roairisius-[s]a, Ériu iv 134.14 . airisiu sund bic co fessur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1399 . focherdat a trí cóecta bunsach fair ┐ arsisetar isin scíath slissen uli lesseom they all stick, LU 4875 (TBC). is amlaid ata in firmamint im talmain i nairisidh, Laws i 28.25 Comm. co ro airis in long sin n-inud irrabi, LL 221b49 . aursa .i. airisi .i. arsisidar in tech fuirre, Corm. Y 35 . a roísir a láim forsan ersaind in tṡída, YBL 212b24 ( RC xiv 246.24 ). arsised íarum a cos Maile duin for folaig n-athloisc[th]e na hecailsi, RC ix 458.4 . atsisithar (arsisithar .i. doan) sist forsin port oc déchsain na hingine, ZCP v 524.28 (= assisedar, IT i 131.21 ). adre[ith] in sliabh foran sliabh n-aill ┐ airisis air remained there, Marco P. 8 . fairisidh a bhuime ┐ a aide la hUltu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 44.8 . ro loisccsed . . . Tuaim . . . ar na hairisdís Goill inntibh, AFM iii 34.x . do chuinghidh ferainn i n-oirisfemais, BNnÉ 298 § 43 . oirisit hi ffarradh Colmain, 299 § 43. comhnaigit ┐ airissit immorro an oidche sin., Fl. Earls 110.9 . airisidh agam `stay', Content. ii 7 . sréid Fergus Dubthach úad iarsin co n-arrasair di sruib fri budin anall alighted, LU 6621 . cona hédadh barr na bili . . . forsa n-airsed, Ériu xii 154.20 . ar-sesar Conchubar cētath `sat in the front seat', Ériu xix 82 § 1 . arsiasiur ri Mumhen mordescert fledtáighi, Ériu xvi 179 § 3 . arseser .i. dofeser ara belaib som isin carpat, O'Curry 508 (H 3.18, 258). ? arsiasaighther .i. innsaighi: ut est arsiasaither a bráthair Mugain .i. indsaigi ar amus a brathar, O'Dav. 93 . In sense of stops, desists, gives up: arsisetar na hoic ┐ rethaid ina suidi, IT ii1 174.17 . arsisetar (leg. arsisethar or arsisedar, ed.) Cuchulaind . . . ┐ angid na h-ocu C. desists and spares the youths(?), 175.48 . ? cach duine aridsisither ┐ nachid nanaigh, Laws iv 362.24 . Halts, delays: ni ro airisius co h-Ailech N. `I did not stay till . . .', MR 36.5 . ni ro hairiseadh leo go rangattar go dúrlas, AFM iii 16.1 . nīr hairissedh leō go riachtsat gusin Edāill, Fl. Earls 120.9 . Folld. by cen and vn.: ní oirisedh . . . gin triall a ndail Cublay insisted on going, Marco P. 85 . roairis go ceann na ree sin gan toidheacht don mhainisdeir he did not visit the monastery, ZCP v 495.7 . Endures, persists: arrosir a crodattu, BB 499b36 (= tarrasair, Alex. 1035 ). arsisither .i. tairisi, ut est nach mac soirche ┐ rl. arsisither a cin ┐ a rathas, O'Dav. 95 . fri re secht la airisis in ciaich sin, Marco P. 10 .

Other uses: airm i n-arrasar a n-uma don cletiniu where the copper separated (?) from the javelin, LU 5811 = fochuridar a úma don chlettin, TBC-LL¹ 2073 = do cuiredh a umha [don chleitin], TBC St. 1847 . ind adarc dub bis mon gai is di arsisidar in gai imtha is amlaid arsisidar in indsce don trediu sa .i. ise isi ised is attached, Auraic. 1622 . cech ní atbera frib-si cretid uli do ┐ airissid fair keep to it, LB 151b13 . conid he ni for ar airis a menma that is what they decided, LB 157a41 . airis rit muntir a mic na flatha stand fast by, LL 297a47 ( SG 364.40 ). airisid fén fri fulang cecha doccumlai `continue to endure', PH 2406 . airised rium do mhenma give me your attention, RC xxxvii 345 § 10 . gach oen airisfes frib `whoever shall oppose you', CCath. 5163 . is o chorp ┐ nemchorp ro airis it consisted, Laws i 26.10 . airim forbthi in sin, uair airissid o choitibh co coir it consists of factors, Auraic. 1446 . a athair oiris gut chéill / . . . / breth dírech as dú do fhlaith `stand fast by thy wisdom', SG 124.33 . ni ro-airis-[s]ium oc forcetul `he did not leave off preaching', PH 2552 . airisis . . . ag dion, MR 274.15 . airis Fintan ic sloind seanchassa, Ériu iv 150.11 . airis for céill remain reasonable, FDG² 2.54​​​​​ .

Trans. cinnas ḟuirechlem cinnas aurisfemmar clessu, LL 13935 . ro airis Dia athair betha dó preserved his life, LB 157a47 .

1 baire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 baire or dil.ie/5224

 

n expld. as death or sorrow: bari .i. bās, Corm. Y p. 59.8 . b.¤ .i. brón, ut est maile, b.¤, gaire Caiar, O'Dav. 217. b.¤ .i. brón no bás. ut est maile b.¤ gaire, Ériu xiii 55.17 .

cutum

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cutum or dil.ie/14064

 

n (same word as cutaim ?) name of an ailment of the hair: fochaidhe .i. māile nō lēithi no c.¤ for a thī falling out (?), Corm. Y 935 . asperitas est truncatio, seu fissura capill- orum. . . .i. aseadh as cudum ann gearradh no sgoltadh an fhuilt, 23 K 42, 284.4 , 384.20 . Perh. also in follg. (ailment of horse's head): síbhus, ┐ cudam, Celtica ii 32.4 = brisedh cudaim, 44.6 . ? loisg c.¤ uirre, 48.3 .

Declach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Declach or dil.ie/14953

 

gen. npr. m. The name of a bishop in the Stowe Missal: item episcoporum Martini...Colmani Cuani Declach...Aedo...Maile Ruen, Thes. ii 284. 25 .

delg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. delg or dil.ie/15357
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ndelg, delc, ndelg, delg, delgai, delci, deilge, deilgi, deilg, ndelc, deilge, delge, deilge, delgi, delge, delgu, delgae, delg, delgi, dealg, delgib, deilgibh

n s, n, later also o, m. IGT Decl. § 44 . n s. a ndelg , Thes. ii 248.8 . d.¤ n-argait, TBC-I¹ 2799 . d.¤ n-iarind, BDD § 137 . in delc , MacCongl. 25 . a s. a ndelg , Thes. ii 248.4 . delg, BCC § 219 . g s. in delgai , MacCongl. 25 . delci, ib. deilge, ZCP ii 135 . deilgi, IGT Decl. ex. 1236 . deilg, 848 . d s. co ndelc , TBC-I¹ 3234 . n p. deilge, Anecd. i 56 (Imr. Maíle D.). TBC-LL¹ 5684 . delge, Laws ii 146 . deilge, LU 7540 ( BDD § 107 ). delgi, TBC-I¹ 3322 . a p. delge, Ériu ii 192 § 3 = delgu, LB 202b47 . delgae, LU 7615 ( BDD § 116 ). g p. delg, Corm. Y 474 . delgi, Ériu v 22 . dealg, IGT Decl. ex. 1240 . d p. delgib, LU 7210 ( BDD § 87 ). deilgibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1235 .

(a) thorn: hó lorc dromma [nó] delc gl. spina, Ml. 51a8 (see Études Celt. xl 65 ). hoc spinter dealg, Ir. Gl. 1074 . diuscart dím a nd.¤ , Thes. ii 248 . sentes .i. deilggi, O'Mulc. 203 . dealg don sciaigh il-láimh gach fir, IT iii 97 . ba háthithir delc sciach, TBC-I¹ 1454 . an dealg droighinn-se, Ériu iv 190 . áithiu cech d.¤ is ou, PH 4137 . a nndelg dia fiadhaigibh 'the spine to its hunters' Angus Matheson Essays 120 § 3 .

(b) pin, brooch fastening the mantle on the breast: durbuid no delesg .i. deilg `fibula', Dúil Laithne 37 ( Goid. 75 ). d.¤ .i. del-seacc, nō dē-leg ex quo legat duas partes togae , Corm. Y 478 . mo delc cia theis triam dernaind, IT iii 19 . doticsa a d.¤ asa brut ┐ clandti inda gruaid, Mon. Tall. § 61 . deilgi créda i n-aurslocud a mbrat, BDD § 107 . d.¤ nduillech a leaf-shaped brooch , TBC-LL¹ 4359 . d.¤ duilleanda (sic leg.), ib. St. Cf. dealg co nduillinn, O'Dav. 200 , n. d.¤ ṅdrolmach, TBC-LL¹ 3101 . atnaig a mér tria drol a delci, ┐ tummais rind in delgai . . . isin tiprait, MacCongl. 25 . Of a brooch for fastening the mantle on the arm: brat glas imbi co ndelc argaid ara doit, TBC-I¹ 3234 . tri delgi ōir huasa ndoitib, 3322 . deilge órda iar ṅdótib, TBC-LL¹ 5684 .

(c) peg, spike, nail, pointed implement: airdbi na ndeilcc .i. athchumma naursan tige ┐ tuired ┐ airchinnig (leg. airinig) imdai, O'Curry 810 (H. 3,18, 374b). timpan ... cona deilgib óir, Acall. 5552 . delgi iarnaidi a finna, Ériu ii 192 § 4 . fer cen gaisced acht oendelc n-argaid ina laim, TBC-I¹ 2755 (= bir iairn, TBC-LL¹ 4245 ). tri calgga dét fora slessaib, tri sćeith dergga acco...tri delggi forloscthi ina lamaib, LL 30d47 . do bidh uimir mor do dealgoiph iaroinn asa n-erbluibh do pianadh na n-anmann, Aisl. Tond. 130 . With meaning nail in ref. to the Crucifixion: mé do lá . . . deilg ina dernonnaib, Ériu iv 114 . A. Ó Dálaigh v 9 . a chrú re dealg 'gar ndín-ne, Dán Dé vii 13 . sbor gé dheach tar a dheilgibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1235 . hi cind mo deilge, ZCP ii 135 § 10 . Cf. next.

deṡruith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deṡruith or dil.ie/15780

 

Forms: desruithe, desraigthi

adj (sruith) mean, insignificant, petty, ignoble: dessruith .i. dé fo diultad .i. ní sruith, Corm. Y 436 . d.¤ .i. dereoil, ut est descipul na desruithiu deruscaib .i. nocha deroili na sin inní derbcinnter don deiscipal, O'Dav. 639 . mennutān dīamuir desruid, K. and H. 12 ( ZCP iii 456 ). pl. Munter Māile Fothartaig | cet lim cenptís desruithe I allow they were not insignificant, RC xiii 393 ( Fing. R. 230 ). Compar.? nad bi dossruithib (leg. dessruithiu?) sein let it not be inferior to that, Laws i 266.9 .i. na bi diruidhi no na bi dereolaighe na sin, 296.5 Comm. = desraigthi, O'Curry 2697 ( Eg. 88, 59 (60)b ).

didiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. didiu or dil.ie/16223

 

Forms: diṡuidiu, didiu, didu, didhu, dídu, diu, dī, din, dino, diu, dino, dano, d(h)e, Didiu, dī, dō

particle of transition = diṡuidiu (which is used for it FB § 6 ), see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 189 . Written in full, didiu: Wb. 1a9 ; 4a27 , c23 , d27 ; 8a4 ; 11b17a ; 15d20 ; 32c13 . didu: Wb. 8a5 . Hib. Min. 356 , 418 . LL 202a18 (: ¤ligu). BB 397a33 . IT iii 67.3 . didhu, BB 16b20 ; 355b30 = Metr. Dinds. ii 32 (: firu). dídu, SR 1224 . LL 102b38 (= TBC-LL¹ 6019 ). diu: TBC-I¹ 3564 . Hib. Min. 134 , 227 , etc. (reading of Harl.). Death-tales of the Ulster heroes, 12 . Corm. Y 1154 . RC xii 74.3 , 8 . Anecd. iv p. xii . BS § 3 . In Ml. and later MSS. however nearly always contracted dī and by earlier editors generally expanded as din (so always in PH) or dino (through confusion with dano), or somet. diu (SG); dni, AFM v 1552 . Expanded as dino in TBC-I¹ 422 , 428 , 434 , 462 , 469 , 472 , etc., where LU reads dano. Later also apparently d(h)e, see Ériu x 155 .

Didiu never begins a sentence. It always has reference to something preceding. Exceptions are only apparent, e.g. Corm. Y 1053 (where puincern has been introduced in the preceding article) and 568 (cf. 519 ). It generally follows a more or less emphatic word, often a noun or pron., but occasionally comes after ocus or nó at beginning of clause (esp. in PH); no dī may however = nō dō (= dano, q.v.).

(a) In logical sequence therefore, hence = Lat. ergo: nitat torbi . . . is diliu lemm didiu aní as torbæ, Wb. 11b17a , 4c24 . d27 , 8a4 , 15d20 . is mōir sléb[e] fírinne Dæ: cid ara fodmaisiu, a Dúaid, didiu a ndu imnedaib fodaimi? `why then dost thou suffer . . .?', Ml. 55d11 . biror .i. bir tibra . . . or .i. mong; biror didiu mong tiprat, Corm. Y 121 . Corbmac .i. corb .i. carpat. Cormbmac didiu mac carpait, 204 , cf. 519 , 851 , 875 , etc. do suidhiu ind erred isin charput as nomen a fochlæ . . . Fochla didiu cach suidiu n-a[i]rechda hence `fochla' means any exalted seat, 698 . cech fia[d?] . . . acht oenchrann ata dídu for riaguil every food therefore but one tree is under (our) control, SR 1224 . ba miscais lasin righain inti N., ar is dara ceand dorinde in rí fri Cairind he. Ba mor didu dochraidi Chairinde oc in rigain therefore C. was very harshly treated by the queen, RC xxiv 190 . omnia ergo quaecunque vultis, cech maith din is ail lib, PH 5772 . Hence freq. in drawing a conclusion or moral: conid aire sin didiu napo chóir do neoch uabur . . . do denam, LL 279a33 . connach cóir d.¤ lenmain do sholud nó shénairecht, 281b29 . conid ferr do neoch d.¤ a edprait don Chomdid andás dona dóinib, 286b40 (all concluding sentences of tales).

(b) Referring to someth. preceding, introducing an explanation or additional detail (freq. after a noun): rún inna cruche . . . Crúx didu ainm do gním in chrochtho, Wb. 8a5 . mali bare gare . . . Maile didiu .i. olc, Corm. Y 698 (p. 59) , cf. 604 , 860 . bói máthair mac Conaire la Neimed . . . In Nemed hé sin didiu bá ríg-briuga side now this N. was a hosteller, LL 292b1 ( Ériu vi 147 ). tanic aroli fer . . . Marcellus din ainm in fhir sin, PH 950 , cf. 2177 , 3114 , 3342 . is dó ranic inar Ísu . . . corccra d.¤ dath an inair sin, 2861 . Often nearly = for , Lat. enim: cruimther .i. goidelg indi as prespiter. Premther d.¤ a combrec sidie, Corm. Y 211 . Cathal nomen Britonis .i. combrec inn sin .i. catell. Cat d.¤ isin chombreic is cath in scotica Cathal is the Welsh name Catell; for cat in Welsh corresponds to cath in Irish, 206 , cf. 124 .

(c) As a particle of transition in looser signification: bói rí amra . . . Dagan a ainm. Ba mór d.¤ a chumachta, LL 245b43 . is amlaid doraiga intí Ísu Crist . . . Bid mór d.¤ a slóg . . . Is ar bēlaib int ṡluaig-sin d.¤ do aspenfa cách a gnímu, 280b26 - 27 . Common in sequences (often alternating with tra and other particles) = also, moreover, further: is andsin tancadar ina ferchuidreda . . . Is ann d.¤ sin thānic ind nōi carpait di ḟéindidib, TBC-I¹ 3536 . mōr do chētaib . . . mōr do churadaib . . . mōr do buidnib d.¤ robātar oca, 3408 . almsu dia anmain cetus . . . almsu din dia churp, PH 5977 . Ram a ainm ria tusmed chlainde do Abram imorra a ainm iar tusmed . . . Abraham din a ainm in tan dochuaid fo recht n-imdibe, 5684 , cf. 2267 follg., 6233-49 . rucsat bentachtain les on aide ┐ rofacsat bennachtain aice didiu, RC xxxv 204.20 . After ocus: ni bia fortamlus a namut fair . . . ┐ din nisbia tedmunna i n-a ḟlathius, PH 4284 . diar fhulang ┐ diar lessugud fodéin . . . ┐ din do shásad bocht, 6121 . ocus din fáth aile, 5473 ; 5187 . After nó: dia mbé do náma i ngorta . . . nó din dia mbé a n-ittaid, 6043 . doforne sin .i. na tri hetargna . . . no din na trí dána, 7082 . demin leo co mbad comthoitim dóib nó d.¤ inní robíad de co mbad hé a tigerna fén dofáethsad ann, TBC-I¹ 2433 . cia conualaind-se mo charpat ┐ Oen ara Conaill d.¤ ina charput and O. in his chariot as well, 3525 . docer la M. dā fer dēac dīibsom ┐ dā fer dēac dia muinter-som d.¤ , 2904 . adcomaing cach fer dīb biur n-indam-sa, adcomchusa a mbiur-sa tria cechtar de -seom d.¤ , 2826 . nicon bia a mbethaid, or seiside. Nicon bia-so d.¤ it bethaid, ol C. then you will not live either, 2771 . ni maith dait, or C., na leigi da marbad . . . Ni maith doibsom d.¤ epert ind uilc frimsa, 2780 . nir lam [Cairend] in mac do gabail cuici . . . ┐ nir lam didu nech do feraib Herenn a breth leis, RC xxiv 190 . In adversative sense, however: dolēicsed dūnad iarsin do M. ┐ ní gegain-side d.¤ nech dībsom, TBC-I¹ 2906 . dorad seirc dia leasmac .i. do Chorc; ro op d.¤ Corc a coimlebaid, Lec. 454c15 . Muineamon mac Cais . . . Is de sin aderar Muineamon .i. main for muinclaib. Maine Mór d.¤ robe a cétainm, Cóir Anm. 10 . Confirming a foregoing statement: dóig lim rombad hē Cethern mac Fintain; ┐ ba fīr sōn d.¤ and this was indeed the case, TBC-LL¹ 2761 . doringelt Cūrūi dōsom nād bīad . . . Dognith d.¤ and he kept his word too, 2967 . bid les . . . in forlāmus ┐ rīgi nĒrenn ōn uair-se amach. Ba fīr ón didu it turned out true too, RC xxiv 202 . an fil ceithern acut? Atát diu I have (indeed), SG 62 . tabraid cáirde na haidche anocht damsa! Dobéram diu, 56 . Common in statement, question, or command to connect with something already expressed or implied: Mait[h] didiu, a Bélchú well now, B., Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . airg d.¤, ol M., conris Síth Lethet go then, Imr. Brain i 53 . cid dia tutchad diu? why then hast thou come? RC xii 74 . cest diu, caidhe mo airrle-si l(u)at? ib.

(d) Often used to denote temporal sequence, then, thereupon: is iarum foruirmed mind nAileillo forsin coirthi. Fōbair-som d.¤ in coirthi, TBC-I¹ 2883 . is iarum conmelt foroib . . . Focheird d.¤ a sciath ina diaid . . . Roiadh in slōg imbi-som iarum, conmelt som d.¤ foraib, 2889 , 2891 . gabaid L. ríge nhErenn . . . Gabaid ríge nAlban iarsin . . . Gabaid d.¤ L. ríge Gall, LL 311b1 ff. rofoildsic Dia dosam sin . . . condubairt sa rann-so d.¤ , RC xxxiii 354 . etha ó hAilill co Ferchess . . . Fóidis d.¤ Ferchis, Fianaig. 38 . fri re Aeda genfius Tibraiti . . . Et cid bīas and d.¤ (iarsin, v.l.)? ol B. and what will follow? ZCP ix 457 .

dulach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dulach or dil.ie/19198

 

adj (1 dul) moving, swift-running: luid a curach donn dian d.¤ , Anecd. i 54 § 33 (Imram Curaig Maíle Dúin). tarrgrach d.¤ (: curach), 72 § 203 . tond dian d.¤ (: subach), 71 § 191 , 67 § 147 . hi craés curaich os tuind dulaigh, 63 § 109 . Cf. Fianchad Dulach (sobriquet), LL 329b30 .

éccruthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccruthach or dil.ie/19480

 

Forms: ecruthaig

adj o-ā (neg. of cruthach)

(a) formless, without shape: in mass amra écruthach, SR 24 . ZCP iv 236 n. 11 . d s f. rosdelb don maiss ecruthaig , SR 148 . rotep [Dia] in firmamint as an mais moir n-ecruthaig, Laws i 28.20 Comm. YBL 215b29 , cf. Ériu ii 198. 4 v.l.

(b) ill-shapen, ugly (?): ith ┐ blicht dóib ar a denam...etgud ecruthach ┐ maile meni derntar, LL 215a30 .

folaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. folaig or dil.ie/23059

 

Forms: folaig, olaidh

n (d a s. of fol ?): arsised ... a cos Maile duin ḟor folaig n-athloisc[th]e na hecailsi `scorched ruin ' RC ix 458.4 . corresp. to the metrical: os olaig [folaig v.l.] gairb, Anecd. i 52 § 13 . is lesc lem beith cen amus | ┐ rocharus m'ḟolaig (: domain), LL 149a34 = m'folaid . Hib. Min. 83 . Cf. ula, ila, eala (= ailad, Contribb.) IGT, Decl. § 4 , of which the d s. olaidh is marked lochtach, ex. 283 . Cf. dubithir leth dubfolach cechtarde a da bruad, LU 9273 (= Anecd. iii 50.16 ). LU 10226 .

gaíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaíne or dil.ie/25178

 

Forms: Gaíne, Gaeine

n , f. (? cf. LL 140a24 ).

(a) excellence, a fine thing; choice, quality: gaine .i. maith, H 3.18, 625 . gaoine .i. maith, O'Cl. Míchol mór, mó cách ṅgaine (: dagdaine), SR 5919 . as gáine leam ... ór as mac rucad ann, Acall. 547 . Cf. 551 - 2 . tancas sund tria gáine ngnó, dia cáine dia cét-gubo, `for the delight of her beauty,' Metr. Dinds. iii 8.1 . rongáet Fergna fo gaíne `... in his flower,' iv 176.5 . ger[bo] gāeth, nīrbo gāine | marb in mac ..., ZCP xiii 15 § 4 . gach flaith ghebhus gort n-gaíne (: somhaíne) `... rightful inheritance,' Leb. Cert. 240.21 . rucsat leo fo gaíne a ngeall ... among the pick of their pledges, BB 387b34 = fo glére a ngell, Metr. Dinds. iii 398.1 . fo ghaoine freastail ocus friothalma, ZCP xiv 220.6 . nos friothailet do ghaoine cecha maithiusa, Leb. Gab.(i) i 224.17 . occ fledhuccadh ... do gaoine bidh ┐ leanda, Hugh Roe § 70b . In chevilles: fri gaine ngart, MacCarthy 410.3 . gáine gaile (: Māile), Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 11 . ? gaíni a comráid do neoch aile acht dósom, LL 267b6 ( MU 36 ). co cruaidh iar ngaoine gan creancha, AFM ii 962.24 (poem).

(b) a feat, a prank, a jest: is cluchi ┐ is gáini lem-sa cach comlond ... darónus, TBC-LL¹ 4160 . cluchi cach gáine cach | go roich Fer[ṅ]diad issin n-áth, 4164 ; 4170 ; 4176 (v.l. cluithe cach caine cach). ben rognathaig gaíni dligthig, LL 140a24 .

(c) npr m. Gaíne, CRR. § 31 . Acall. 551 . Duan. F. i 25.25 . Gaeine, Acall. 552.

imbuile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imbuile or dil.ie/27324

 

n (prob.=imm-maíle lit. great baldness , Plummer MS. notes): tanig imbuile tairisim ann sin conn-derna carrach de, condi de dogairtea Deimne Mael de, RC v 199 § 7 , translated `there scurvy came upon him, and therefrom he became a scald,' Ériu i 182 § 7.

léithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léithe or dil.ie/29829

 

n , f. (líath) greyness (nearly always of hair): maīle nō lēithi nō cutum for a thī, Corm. Y 935 . máile is meth is moch-l.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 24.314 . na dia sini na dia leithi, Laud 610, fo. 22c (Plummer MS. notes). in sruith / cia beith do lēithi a ḟinnai, ZCP iii 34.20 . in léithi roim in aimsir cóir (of premature greying of hair), O'Gr. Cat. 178.17 . nár chíoradh a cheann a n-am a l.¤ , 23 G 24, 399.29 . bláth na hóige ar l.¤ , A. Ó Dálaigh xxiii 3. With transfd. meaning: a leabhair ag tuitim i leimhe 's i l.¤ , Ó Bruad. iii 4.y .

1 mael

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mael or dil.ie/31242
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj (moel, maíl) o,ā. perhaps orig. subst. In Glosses occurs only in compd. npr. (Mail- Ml., Maél- Sg., Móel- Stowe Miss.). Frequently precedes noun, forming a compd.

(a) crop-headed, shorn, and by extension bald . Totmáel, gl. totum calvum (name of Patrick's charioteer), Trip. 322.26 ( Ardm. 13b2 ). in m.¤ Melchisediach tonsured (i.e. a priest), SR 2256. ulcha . . . for in fer m.¤ (of St. Paul, said to have introduced the religious practice of shaving the entire head), Ériu iii 194 § 3. fer maeldub with black cropped hair, BDD 38. scailp ingini maeili duibhi, Acall. 1901. triar scoloc maelruad (= with cropped red hair), 6147 . co mbui in-a lobur moel bald , PH 376. an duine a ttuiteann a ghruagh d'á cheann, bí sé maol, Levit. xiii 40. do loisgedh thrí chéad inghen maol 'shorn maidens' Ériu i 26.161 . (oppd. to: thrí chéad caillech, 157 ). eiric giunta co lomad a ciabaib na crosan ┐ na scoloc ┐ na ningen mæl 'the shorn girls (?)' (possibly a disparaging term) CIH i 304.11 , Ériu lii 218 . roschaullach ingine móile a horse of a shorn girl (?), Triads § 114 , Ériu lii 220-22 . (cryptic) mvnchaol .i. maol, Goid. 78 § 220 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 613 . As sobriquet: Lucet m.¤ (name of a druid), Ardm. 4a1 ( Thes. ii 259.37 ). Lucat Mæl, Trip. 32.28 . Aoibhioll mhaol, D. MacCarrth. 3.10 , Ériu lii 225-26 .

(b) in follg. exx. applied to persons mael seems to imply youth (possibly with the reference to the custom of cutting a boy's hair at the age of seven, s. ZCP xi 162 n. 9 ): leanb óc, Ériu ii 182.8 = lenam maol, Rawl.

(c) of cattle, hornless: i richt samaisce muile (maíle LU), TBC-I¹ 1722 ; 1625 . hi rricht bó deirgi maíle , Ériu iii 141.2 . bae móelæ, BColm. 84.16 . conaccatar . . . daumu móra máela, LU 1750 = RC ix 482. secht cēt molt nach m.¤ , BB 270b47 . Hence as name of a cow: an Maol Flidaise, Celt. Rev. iv 106. 26 . ar cenn na Maile , ib. 20 .

(d) of things blunt, headless or pointless (of a torso, stump, etc., also of weapons): co tall a ceand de gur fagaib ina thamun mæl, BB 443b37 . gursat maela a méidhe, Acall. 1034. ina meidhibh moílderga (i.e. headless and bleeding), Fianaig. 94.16 , cf. CCath. 6084 , Todd Lect. iv 94.15 , BS 122.25 , AFM. v 1758.15 . lorga maela `headless handles' (of hurling-sticks or clubs), Ériu v 28.17 . a dreolláin cusin eirr maíl, LB 274b25 = SG 57.9 . fíacla máela, IGT Dec. ex. 408. cloidhmhe maela, CCath. 481. má bhíonn an t-iarann máol, Eccles. x 10. dearna an deilg mhaoil the hand pierced by the blunt nail, A. Ó Dálaigh v 9 .

(e) of places, etc., bare: indsi maela, RC ix 460. tá . . . an túr maol (i.e. dismantled ), Keat. Poems 1515. Cf. maelráith below. Exposed, defenceless: maol guala gan bhráthair bare is the shoulder without a brother (= a man is weak without kinsmen), O'Rahilly Ir. Prov. § 61 , cf. AFM v 1804.3 , KMMisc. 354.25 .

(f) fig. blunt, dull, obtuse: cen medra m.¤ , SR 2975 (without pointless talk, circumlocution?). do c[h]lannaibh Cuinn nár maol ferg, ZCP viii 224.5 . trét' aighnios maol, Content. xxi 21. i nduain mhaoil, xx 7. maelinntinnech (= hebes sensūs), O'Gr. Cat. 238.33. lá co leith, ni maoilriaghail `no false rule', AFM ii 572.10 .

(g) cruithnecht m.¤ `beardless wheat' (some kind of inferior grain?): arbur can frichgnum .i. . . . cruithnecht maol, Laws v 222.23 Comm. cruithneacht mhaol, ITS xvii 244. ruadhan . . . .i. mael-cruithnecht, O'Dav. 1369 , awnless wheat, or perhaps free-threshing wheat , EIF 228 . Cf. 2 mael (e) and maelán III.

Compds.

1 With adj. formed from noun: mugh maílmérach blunt-fingered, clumsy , IGT Dec. ex. 789. tairrnge maelrennach blunt-pointed , Fl. Earls 196.3 .

2 With subst.: ¤achad m.: cathir is cul maelachaid ṁbil, LL 149b20 . ¤árus ( ¤áires): na máelairise cen togail .i. Ráith Airthir, Sendomnach ` consecrated residences ' (?), Trip. 250.5 . ¤assa m. a blunt or broad-toed shoe or sandal (esp. one of metal): mælassai chredumai, LL 245b22 = TBC-LL¹ p. liii . da moelasa fhindruine impi, RC xiv 46 § 54. da mælasa finddruine, IT iii 193 § 25 , cf. RC xxiv 200.2 , ACL iii 5.24 , Ériu iii 152.20 . do theiged ina mælossaib, RC viii 150 § 1. ¤chend n.: nírba timm ar ná ba maelc[h]end `lest I should have my hair cropt off', Tec. Corm. § 7.17 = melcend, LL. in a mhaoilchionn bald head , Levit. xiii 43. ¤chircul m.: m.¤-c. óir co clucinib fo bragit cech eich, TFerbe 14 (eine abgerundete Scheibe, Wind.). Cf. maelland. ¤chloch f.: móelchloch ` bare stone' (blunt or flat?), Imr. Brain i 48.10 . ¤chnoc m. a flat-topped hill: Maolchnoc Gréine, Keat. Poems 440. ¤chruithnecht f. see (g) above.

¤dorn m.

(a) a clenched fist: meitither muldorn míled, TBC-LL¹ 2597 = re mǽldhorn, H 2.17 , Eg. Of the fist with closed thumb used as a measure, about four inches , Laws ii 240.4 Comm. (oppd. to `airdem', the fist with thumb extended). Transf. a blow with the fist, a cuff: toirbiris moeldorna mora tar a gnúis, TBC-LL¹ 3903 St.

(b) By extension of (a), sword: m. finn-argit fa choim, LL 267b33 = MU 38.14 . m. findargait, TBC-LL¹ 5211 = mael ṅdorn, TBC-I¹ 3173. maoldorn fionnairgid .i. cloidheamh, óir as na dhornaibh máola toimsithear an chloidheamh .i. an ordóg leagtha aga thomas, O'Cl. (prob. a wrong explanation; see Macalister, Archaeology of Irel. 153 ).

¤gae f. a (blunt-headed?) spear or javelin: moelgae hi llaim gach fir, IT iii 239.141 . dā maelgai . . . co semmannaib argait, TFerbe 5 . ¤mír n. a large mouthful or lump (of food)? eistecht grech a glasbraiget fri med ina maelmireann, YBL 177a23 = na mælmirenn, BB 257b17 . ¤ráith f. a dismantled or outworn earthen fort: immat maelrátha (MS moel | rátha) a large number of abandoned forts, Stud. Celt. xxiv-xxv 67.13 . maolrátha gan mhórtharbha, Content. v 105. maolrátha glasa ┐ doireadha neannta `unroofed green raths', Atlantis iv 144.32 . ¤scolb m. a blunt splinter: as contemptuous epithet, IT iii 102 § 189 = Bruchst. i § 86 . ¤taman m. stump of a tree: as alleg. npr. m.: mac Maoltamain, Anecd. ii 55.

3 With vb.: ¤tamnaigid truncates: ro maeltamnaigit mēidi, Celt. Rev. x 112.30 .

2 mael

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 mael or dil.ie/31243
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Mael

n ā, f., (same word as 1 mael).

(a) a cropped head, close-cut hair; by extension crown of head, poll . ro suíg a folt inna chend cor bo suas maeldub demischas [leg. mael demis chas] chirdub ba forcsi fair, FB 27 ; cf. mael demis chirdub for cechtar de, LL 252b16 . mæl dub demsidi fair, FB 37. m.¤ gárb fo[r]suidiu `rough cropt hair', BDD 38. teóra máela foraib, 117 . días máel . . . im fer co folt, 87 (expld.: it é a dá glún imma chend, 88 ; `two bare hills' Stokes; rather two cropped heads). ic sliachtad a maíle , 1380 . nos-berr in gilla mail fair cosin claideb crops off his hair, Ériu i 118 § 10. a mbui fo mail (i.e. when he was a boy; allusion to custom of cutting a boy's hair at age of seven), Anecd. i 51 § 9 , cf. note, ZCP xi 162 . (fig.) do chuir Éire trí monga ┐ trí maola dhi (i.e. three alternate growths and clearings of forest), Keat. i p. 96 ; cf. mael .i. machaire ut est . . . teora maela ┐ teora monga .i. caille, H 3.18, p. 626 ( O'Curry 1371 ). máel glé find fair mar bó ataslilad 'he had a high crest of hair, bright, fair, as a cow had licked it' TBC-LL² 1204 . In wider sense of head, poll: snúadh óir . . . ar a mhaíl, IGT Dec. ex. 953. tarla an loirg-fersad . . . a mullach na maeili do C., Celt. Rev. iii 212.7 . ó chluasaibh a maoile, O'Rah. xx 8. Meton. a crop-headed person: augra in dá túathmaíl `of the two tribal slaves', BDD § 168 App. ( LU 8022 ) = a. do dā moghud, § 16 .

(b) dishorned head of an animal (used for food)? In the Tech Midchuarta at Tara a `mael' was assigned as portion to the dáilem, tannaire and rechtaire respectively, see Petrie's Tara 203.13, 204.4, 206.20, 23 , LL 29, diagram . rannaire . . . arrospetti mæl, 29b46 = ardospeti moel, YBL 419b39 . maíl na cethra dóib uile i tig ind ríg, Metr. Dinds. i 24. See also (d).

(c) of a convex or rounded surface resembling the crown of a head: a flat-topped hillock (common in place-names): na tri Mæla Mide, TBC-LL¹ 6026. na tri maola Midhe, Anecd. ii 52.14 ; see also formáel. do ling do mhaoil an talman, ZCP x 295.14 = do maoilind talman, TBC-LL¹ 3890 (St.). for maíl maige maith, ZCP xi 109 § 17. sruthair na Maile Chind Tire the Mull of Cantire, CRR 10. de'n mhaoil mhongach (of Howth Hill), Hard. ii 224.1 . Possibly also AU ii 30.2 : maidm Maile dergi. The name Mael was sometimes given to a large flattish stone: LL 30b35 , cf. RC xv 282 § 21. Maelblatha (name of a stone in the refectory at Iona which seems to have been used as a table or buffet), BColm. 58.20 . Of buttocks: ó mhaolaibh a más (= usque ad nates, 2 Samuel x 4 ), Eochairsg. 87.29 (cf. similar use of mell).

(d) some part of the shoulder (shoulder-blade or scapula?): co torchair C. . . . co ndechaid a mǽl as a gualaind, TBC-LL¹ 1184. comard fri fid máel a dá gúaland, Ériu iv 138 § 14. a máolaib a ngúalann, Maund. 173. súist . . . ós maoil a ghualann, Gadelica i 43 ( PCT 269 ). Cf. ulcha . . . fair go roichionn tar a maoil-īochdair sios, ZCP x 279.14 . idir a da máoil 'between its two shoulders (?)' Celtica ii 56 § 28 . In follg. ex. used of some part of a thigh-bone or femur (the lower end-surface?): ro tallad ōl cet i mæl a chnama, BB 372b38 (Dinds. of Port Láirge) = a mael a chnamha, RC xv 433 = for m.¤ cech cnama, LL 169a17 . do máelaib cnám (maelcnamaibh, v.l.) 'thigh-bones' Celtica xiii 9.105 .

(e) name of a weed: mail molchi . . . .i. genus zizaniae, Thes. ii 48.26 (gl. infelix lolium et steriles avenae, Ecl. v 37 ) = maili muilchi, 361 ; leg. maílán, edd. Thes. See 1 mael (g), maelán (III), and muilche.

(f) m.¤ domnaig name of a cattle-disease: bō-dhīth ar fut Erenn .i. Maeldomnaigh, AU ii 438.11 .

(g) m.¤ tened a bonfire, conflagration? (fig.) dorat mael teined tar hilltuathaib Aissia, Alex. 337. Cf. maelán IV.

(h) in Mod.Ir. the sense of convex surface or top = climax in certain idiomatic expressions: thug lán na hadhairce fa mhaoil he gave the horn brimming full, GJ iii 37b (Stair E. Uí Cléirigh). [a] cur maoil air chártaí filling quarts to overflowing, ITS xvii 247.1 .

3 Mael

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 Mael or dil.ie/31244
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Mael, M(ael), Mæl, Mail, Mail, Mæil, Mael, Maíle, Máel, Maíl, Maíle, Maíl-, Maíle, Máel-, Maele, Maelchroin, Maelduibh, Maeletich, Moile, Maeli, Mailmithidh, Moile, Mailmorda, Maelmbuadh, Mailmuaidh, Maili, Maelruanaidh, Mael, Maele, Maile, Maele, Maele, Mailughra, Máolbethad, Maelecobho, Maile, Maelchræbe, Maelchrichi, Mael-chrói, Maoilidíthraib, Maildoburchon, Maele, Maelfabaill, Maile, Maílfoghamair, Maelghualai, Maele, Maelmochorghi, Maile, Mail, Maele, Maele, Maile, Maeli, Mae[l]snechtai, Maelhumai, Maele, Mael, Maelcoluim, Maele, Mael, Mael, Maelodrain, Maelpatraic, Mailsechnaill, Maelsechnaill, Maele

npr. m. Both 1 mael and 2 mael are largely used in the formation of masc. proper names (rarely fem.).

I Mael (adj.):

(a) seldom alone, treated as o- stem. M(ael), Ardm. 12b1 = Thes. ii 265 , Trip. 317.5 (equated with Lat. calvus, ib. 13 ). Mæl, Rawl. 130a55 . g s. Mail, 119a28 , 127a39 . meic Mail , Fél. 204.30 = m.¤ Mæil , Lism. L. 3976.

(b) in composition with a follg. noun which it qualifies. Maolbennachtaidh, BNnÉ 192.7 (-bhennacht v.l.). Cf. g s. Maelbennachtain, BB 88a22 . Maelcú, Lism. L. p. 315 (father of Brude king of the Picts). g s. Maelcon (of same), AU 583. Moelchú, Fél. 78.22 . Fergussan mac Maelcon, AU 702. Máellecán, Sg. 203 a ( Thes. ii p. xxii ), possibly represents a formation with g.s.

II Mael subst. is largely used folld. by (a) an adj., (b) gen. of a common noun, and (c) gen. of a proper name. a mbōi fo māil, ZCP xi 149 § 9 . ba leanb óc (gl. maol) Ailill in tan sin, Ériu ii 182.8n , ZCP xliv 177 . The orig. meaning in class (a) was that of ` cropped head' or `head', in classes (b) and (c) of `slave' or `servant', hence `devoted to'; class (c) received its chief development after the introduction of Christianity, generally in combination with names of saints (in this connexion the meaning ` tonsured ' may have been implied; it is occasionally glossed calvus). A humorous extension of the usage occurs in the fictitious names Ocmæl-Blongi, MacCongl. 77.23 ; Mælsaille mac Maílimme, 89.5 . Later gilla came to be used in the same way (see ZCP xii 301 , 313 for discussion of the subject). That these names are not true compds. is shown by (1) freq. declension of Mael as fem. subst., g s. Maíle (a follg. adj. being occasionally in agreement); (2) tmesis in poetry: Mael fial Finnia, AU 902 ; feil Mail chōir Canaigh, Mart. Don. Sept. 18 ; Mael caemfertach Cetair, Gorm. May 14 Later they came to be regarded as compds. and in gen. Máel > Maíl or remains unchanged. Both gen. forms Maíle and Maíl- (Máel-) often occur side by side. Maíle is common in AU up to the year 850, then gradually gives way to Máel- folld. by lenition, and goes out of use by 950. (See Ó Máille, Lang. of Ann. Ulster, p. 52 n. ). The follg. lists are illustrative:

(a) Maelcaích: Thes. ii 251.15 (Stowe Miss.). AU 665. Fél. 132.28 . ¤ciar, Rawl. 123b9 . Mælchiar (fem.), MacCongl. 109. 27 . ¤corcrae: g s. Maele Corcrai, AU 878. ¤crōn: AU 837 , 900 . g s. Maelchroin , Rawl. 145a31 . ¤dub: AU 626. Fél. Oct. 20. Moeldub, Fél. 73.22 . g s. Maelduibh , AU 626 , 673 . Rawl. 146e39 . ¤étig: g s. Maeletich , Rawl. 126a31 . ¤find: g s. Moile Finde, MacCongl. 43.11 . Moilfinde, ib. 18 . Maelḟind, AU 912. ¤garbh, AU 932. g s. Maeli Garba, Rawl. 129b53 . ¤gorm, Rawl. 153a10 . ¤inmain (g.s.), Rawl. 153a10 . ¤maith, Rawl. 130a52 . ¤mithig: Maelmhithig, AU 902. g s. Mailmithidh , 943 . ¤mór, AU 548. Trip. 88.13 . g s. Moile Móire, Trip. 88.15 . Maeilmhoir, AU 548. ¤mōrda, AU 873. g s. Mailmorda , 911 . Maelmordhai, 943 . ¤muad: Maelmuadh, AU 977. Maelmbuadh (acc.), ib. Maelmuaidh, 1020 . g s. Mailmuaidh , 1014 . ¤óc, Rawl. 141b8 (a dim.?). ¤odar: Maelodhor, AU 861 , 869 . ¤odur, Rawl. 130a11 . g s. Maili Odræ, Trip. 340.23 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). Maele Odrae, AU 692 , 693 . Maeluidhir, 640 , 737 , 851 . ¤ruanaidh, AU 838. g s. Maelruanaidh , ib. ¤salach, Rawl. 159b 12 . ¤suthain, AU 1009. RC xi 492. ¤temen: g s. Maeltemin, Rawl. 145e6 . Maelteimin, AU 908.

(b) Mael-aba, Rawl. 141b38 . ¤achaid: ¤achidh, AU 895. ¤aithgein: ¤aithgin, Fél. June 6 ( ¤aithgen v.l.). ¤aithgen, Rawl. 130a6 . ¤aithgeain, ib. 5 . ¤aithchen, ib. 11 . g s. Maele aithgen, 129b45 . Maeli aithchen, 155a53 = Maelathgeáin, LL 325 b . ¤anfaid (anfad `storm'?), Fél. Jan. 31. g s. Maile anfaid, 186.1 . Maele anfaid, AU 709. Maele anfaith, 724 , 745 . ¤anfis, Rawl. 122a17 (g.s.). ¤augra, Rawl. 123a52 . g s. Mailughra , BNnÉ 329.12 . ¤bethad: g s. Máolbethad , BColm. 44.23 . ¤chluichi, Rawl. 130a22 . ¤cluchi, Thes. ii 288.1 (inscription). ¤cluiche, AU 913 , 922 . ¤cobho (cf. cob `victory'), AU 646. g s. Maelecobho , 657 , 669 . Maeile cobha, 663 . Moelocobha, Maelcobho, 653 . Maile Coba, RC xvii 195 (Tig.), Mail Coba, 193 . Mailchoba, Fél. 136.25 . ¤craíbe: ¤craibi, AU 918. g s. Maelchræbe , Rawl. 146g28 . ¤críche: g s. Maelchrichi , Rawl. 150b22 . ¤crói: g s. Mael-chrói , Rawl. 128b37 . ¤dithreib: Maoldithruib, Mon. Tall. § 4. g s. Maoilidíthraib , § 24. Maele ditraibh, AU 691. ¤doborchon, AU 328. ¤doburchon, Fél. 152.7 . g s. Maildoburchon , ib. 8 . Moeldobhorcon, Gorm. Feb. 19. ¤dōid (1 doé `forearm'?), AU 957. Gorm. May 13. ¤domnaig, AU 911. ¤domnaich, Rawl. 145d20 . ¤dúin: Mailduin (Clonmacnois inscr.), Thes. ii 286.16 . g s. Maele duin, AU 668. Moeleduin, 669 . Moile Dúin, MacCongl. 3 , 22 . Maeilduin, AU 689. ¤fabaill: ¤fabhuill, AU 890. g s. Maelfabaill , Rawl. 145a6 . ¤fithrich, AU 628. g s. Maile fithrich, 721 . Cf. fithrech `edible sea-weed'. ¤fogai: mac Mæle Foga, TBC-LL¹ 4362 = Maile Ogath, TBC-I¹ 2842. ¤fogamair: g s. Maílfoghamair , BNnÉ 312 § 2. Maelḟoghamair, AU 1086. ¤gaimrid, AU 838. Mailgaimrid, Ml. 56b33 , 68c15 . Maelgeimridh, Fél. 130. 28 . ¤gualai (2 góla `drinking-vat'?), AU 858. g s. Maelghualai , 894 . ¤imorchair: g s. Maele imorchair, AU 750. ¤meda (1 mid `mead'), Rawl. 161a35 . ¤mocherghi (mochérge `early rising'), AU 895. g s. Maelmochorghi , 912 . ¤mracha (O.Ir. mraich `malt'): g s. Maile mbracho, AU 621. ¤na mbō, AU 1005. g s. Mail na mbo, 1041 . Mæl na mbō, Trip. 524.27 . ¤ochtraig (1 ochtrach `manure, mizen'), Rawl. 141b50 , cf. Maelochtaraich, AU 799. g s. Maele octraich, AU 670. Mael-ochtraig, Rawl. 122b17 . ¤oena (O.Ir. oín < Lat. ieiunium?), Thes. ii 286.14 (Clonmacnois inscr.). ¤oenaich, Rawl. 159b10 (g.s.). ¤rois: g s. Maele rois, Rawl. 126a25 . Maeli rois, 122b36 . ¤ruain, AU 626. Fél. Prol. 225. g s. Maile ruen, Thes. ii 284. 26 (Stowe Miss.). Maoili ruoin, Mon. Tall. § 10. Maolrúoin, § 6 . Mailruain, Fél. 8.29 . Maela Ruain, 220.11 . The meaning of the second component is obscure; possibly adj. or npr. ¤rubai (1 ruba(e) `smiting, slaughter'), Fél. Apr. 21. Mailrubai, AU 670 , 672 . g s. Maeli rubae, Rawl. 145b23 . Maelrubae, ib. 27 . ¤samna (samain `end of summer'), AU 970. Rawl. 159b 19 . ¤snechtai, AU 1085. g s. Mae[l]snechtai , Rawl. 143b24 . Maele sneachta, Gorm. May 1 n.5 . ¤teglaig (fem.), ZCP xiii 356.14 . g s. Maili Teaglaig, ib. 15 . ¤tolai: g s. Maele toli, AU 822. Maeli tolæ, Rawl. 126a16 . ¤topair: g s. Maele topair, Rawl. 122b34 . Maeltopair, ib. 41 . ¤tuili, Thes. ii 286.15 (Clonmacnois inscr.). ¤tuile, AU 816. g s. Maele tuile, 671 . Maele toili, 737 . Maile tuile, Rawl. 129b10 . Maeltuile, 160a55 . ¤umai: Maelhuma, Rawl. 122b41 . g s. Maelhumai , 129b52 . Maele umai, AU 681.

(c) Mael Barrḟind, AU 915. ¤Brenainn, AU 1074 (g.s.) ¤Bresail, AU 626. g s. Maele Bresail, 844 , 851 . ¤Brigte, Thes. ii 287.41 (Clonmacnois inscr.). Máel Bri[g]tae, Sg. 202 a ( Thes. ii p. xxi ). ¤Brighti, AU 830. g s. Maele Brighti, 853 . Maelbrighti, 855 . Name of Marianus Scotus author of the Tripartite Chron., MacCarthy p. 4. ¤Chiarāin, Thes. ii 287. 42 . AU 866. g s. Mael Chiarain, 893 . ¤Coemghin, AU 1086 , cf. Rawl. 125a43 . ¤Coluim, AU 956. Trip. 526.10 . g s. Maelcoluim , AU 966. ¤Eoin, AU 930. Gorm. Oct. 20. ¤Ioin, AU 917. ¤Fiachrach, AU 951 (g.s.). ¤Finnia, Thes. ii 288.2 . AU 902. ¤Findia, 901 . ¤Finnen, AU 968. ¤Finnian, 992 . ¤Finneain, Rawl. 143b23 . ¤Fothartaig: ¤Fathardaich, Rawl. 150b9 . g s. Maele Fothartaigh, AU 668 , 669 , 672 . ¤Īsu, AU 966. Gorm. Jan. 16. Maoiliosa, Mart. Don. Jan. 16. ¤Moedhoc (Maedóc), AU 916. Maol mAodhócc (baptismal name of St. Malachy), Gorm. Nov. 2 , Mart. Don. Nov. 3. ¤Maire, Thes. ii 288.3 (d.s.). Mail Maire, ib. 4 (d.s.). Malmori (gl. calvus Mariae), Goid. 108.9 . g s. Maelmuire, AU 902. Mael Maire Ua Gormáin (author of the Martyrology, commonly called Marianus), Gorm. Pref. p. 4 . Mart. Don. p. 186 n . Mael Maire (identified with Marianus Scotus the chronicler), ib. Mart. Don. Dec. 24 . As npr. f., AU 912 , 965 ( ¤muire). ¤Michil, Rawl. 130a23 . g s. Mael Micheil, ib. 25 . ¤Odrān, Thes. ii 287.30 . AU 650. g s. Maelodrain , ib. Rawl. 122a53 . ¤Pátraic, Thes. ii 288.5 . ¤Patraicc, AU 877. g s. Maelpatraic , 846 . ¤Petair, AU 894.991 . ¤Póil, AU 921. ¤Sechnaill, later by metathesis ¤Sechlainn: m.¤ Sechnaill mac Maelruanaidh, AU 838 , 844 , 857 = m.¤ Sechlainn, 842 , 857 . m.¤ Sechnaill m. Domnaill, 947 , 979 , 982 = m.¤ Sechlainn, 984 and follg. Maolechlainn (equated with Malachias), Ir. Gl. 346. g s. Mailsechnaill , Thes. ii 289.12 (inscr.). Maelsechnaill , ¤sechlainn, AU pass. Máeil Echlainn, IGT Dec. ex. 621. Ua Mailechlaind, BNnÉ 315 § 9. ¤Sempuil (= Sen-Phuil `devotee of St. Paul the first hermit'), AU 921 (g s.). ¤Sinchill, Rawl. 123a33 . AU 880.

Under this head may be added Maelmanach (g s. Maele manach, AU 775 ).

maile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maile or dil.ie/31330

 

Forms: mali, maile

subst. evil; an evil, misfortune (archaic & poet.). mali, bare, gare Caie[u]r . . . maile .i. olc, dindi as malam (leg. malum), Corm. Y 698 = maile , Corm. p. 24 s.v. gaire, O'Dav. 217. ni derna m.¤ ordugud orru mor `the arrangement did not do them evil greatly', O'Dav. 1236. ? pl. nu regtáis a teóra maila tairsi, midgla, ǽs, toithe fola three evils would come upon him, Trip. 166.4 . ? Soergus da m.¤ [óca m.¤ v.l.] . . . collais caín, 214.9 (cf. per culpam Soergassii . . . huius . . . pensionis . . . solutio recusata vel neglecta est, 215 n. 3 ). Cf. maíle .

maíle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maíle or dil.ie/31331

 

n , f., (abstr. of 1 mael).

(a) the state of being crop-headed, shorn or bald . In Corm. Y 1091 s.v. ranc ( Corm. p. 39 ), used either of a tonsure or natural baldness , six species being enumerated: rand, issed is seisiud cenél na mæili . . . Ro-maile .i. eter in dā n-ó uili (baldness from ear to ear). folt cas dub fair . . . ┐ ni fil moíle and, PH 1967. etgud ecruthach ┐ maile (a curse for disobedience), LL 215a30 . athis maíli fair, BDD 109. mo chathbarr . . . gach én gébus má baithis | ní bia fó aithis moíle, SG 248.26 . ní dhenuidh maoile 'na gceannuibh, Levit. xxi 5. pudar na luibhe-si . . . do cur ar in maoile ┐ dober an fionnfadh, R.I.A. 23 K 42, 327.4 . tuidmaíle, TBC-LL¹ 4302 , cf. 4325 . TBC-I¹ 2804.

(b) bluntness, obtuseness, dullness (physical or mental): maoile an tairnge, PBocht 79 § 19. lippitudo .i. maoili do bheith ina n-ionaruibh (sc. of the eyes), 23 K 42, 190.19 . maóile radhairc, 257.4 . ra ghréas laoidhe . . . ní fhuil maoile ná mearbhal ` stupidity ', Content. xxii 13.

1 meithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 meithe or dil.ie/31855

 

n (meth) decay, decline, enfeeblement: fil ar a nemdenam de | maíli methi mochlēithe, LL 216a57 = maíle is meth is mochl., Metr. Dinds. iii 24. meth ┐ methi ┐ mochlēthi da feraib, LL 215a29 (prob. `┐ methi' is an interpolation, cf. Dinds. 18 ).

moch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. moch or dil.ie/32411
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: moch, mochrád, mochrach

adj o, ā. early .

I As adj., with cop. or subst.: mór maitne ba m.¤ th'eirge, TBC-LL¹ 4004. ro-moch duit-siu sain, a meic bic (= you are too young for that), 878 . ba ro-moch lind co ngabais armu we thought it too soon for thee to take arms, 1139 . as m.¤ | fód na huaidhe dot fholoch, Irish Texts ii 74 § 13. dothæt E. . . . matain moch, SCC 36. atragat . . . matain muich, FB 64. ra huair na maitne muche, TBC-LL¹ 3176. a gcrepscul na maitne muiche, Fl. Earls 192.26 . Acall. 5181. do Róim ro-milis ro-muich ancient , Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. xxv 439 § 3 = LL 369 marg. inf. fíngal m.¤ nís denta de (i.e. he was killed in ripe age?), MacCarthy 414 § 1 ( BB 50a27 ). As subst.: a moch laoi d'eirgheadur, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 12.11 ( Anal. Hib. 3 ). o m.¤ na maidni co medhon lae, ZCP vi 68.6 .

II As adv. early, betimes: gl. mane, Ml. 21c6 , cf. 3 . m.¤ .i. . . . cito latine , O'Mulc. 812. ní m.¤ doroich let . . . ícc mic Dechtere, SCC 29. dolotar co mm.¤ don tiprait, Lat. Lives 25. tánac-sa lá co mochmoch very early, Metr. Dinds. iii 226.5 . an drong iarrus mé go m.¤ , Proverbs viii 17. Compar. is muchu atbath M. . . . oldas A., BB 26b35 . mucha no thoirichnigeann innā in athair (the mother) relieves sooner than the father, Laws ii 346.17 Comm.

Compds.

(a) with subst. early; prompt, speedy, occas. premature . ¤airge: midach na mocháirgi (of the Dond Cuailnge), IT iii 246.9 = na mochairge, p. 276 ; der Früh-Herde (early herd), Wind. ¤bró: esdad mochbhro itir muilli, IT iii 101 § 181 . ¤dedóil f. early dawn: m. na maidne muiche, CCath. 2303 , cf. 4436 . a mochdeghoil na maitne, Fl. Earls 32.3 . i muichdeadhoil na maidne, AFM iii 410.16 . vi 1964.20 (moich-). ¤dingbál: ar a mochdingbail do thuaith speedy expulsion , Laws i 78.16 . ¤éc: innisid a mnai do m., LL 296a2 . ¤éirge f. early rising: fri mocherge na grene, TBC-LL¹ p. 77 n. 8 (St.). gan crú muc, gan mochéirghe (joys of Heaven), ZCP viii 201.17 . Brian na mochéirghi, AU iii 556. ag mochéirghe, Jerem. xxv 3. mochóirghi moichérghi, IGT Dec. § 3.30 (the form mochóirghe is still in use in S. and W. Ireland). ¤erchra early (premature) declineor extinction: bá hómun leó m. do bith do Choin Ch., LU 10165. ro badh liach . . . muicherchra an tí testa annsin, AFM vi 2296.20 . ¤imgabál: minscainnre mellta mochimgabala speedy in retreat (?), MR 302.3 . ¤imthecht: menma ar mhuichimthecht, BS 92.15 . ¤léithe f. premature greyness: maíle is meth is m., Metr. Dinds. iii 24.314 . ¤letrad: milidh ar na mochledrad prematurely slaughtered, Acall. 433. ¤lige an untimely grave , IT i 81.14 . ¤longad eating early (in the day), BS § 74 . mian mochlongthi, MacCongl. 93.26 ; 85.24 . ¤marbad `to slay suddenly', Metr. Dinds. ii 74.60 . ¤maten: isin mochmatain, PH 3459. ¤néll: moc[h]neoill na maittne, CCath. 4386. a moichnéll na maidne, AFM vi 2702.9 . ¤scél: see mochscéle. ¤soillse: mochsoillsi na maidni, CCath. 2744. Fl. Earls 28.18 . ¤tráth early hour or time of day, generally as adv. , freq. corrupted to mochrád and later mochrach : ro érig C. mochtrath ar na barach, CRR 14. adracht F. m. do ló, Acall. 6983. bíd mo corp-sa sunn co m. till dawn, Lism. L. 2493. mochthráth sin . . . re ceileabhradh it is an early hour for celebration, BS 136 § 75. mochthrád, TBC-LL¹ 636. mochrád, 6168 . cathir . . . cos'tictis maithḟir mochrad, Metr. Dinds. iv 342.42 . dorbbolus na maitni muchi mochrád, LL 239a24 (TTr.). mochrach at dawn , ITS xiv 98.19 . mocrac no tratnona in the morning or evening, 150.6 . See also mochtrátae (b) below and mothrach.

(b) with adj., gen. one formed from subst., or else with advbl. force: ¤díscir: mochdhisgir impetuous , Ériu v 166.45 . ¤érgech early-rising , TBC-LL¹ 3296. ¤loingthech fond of eating early , MacCongl. 87.7 . ¤maitnech of, occurring in the early morning: gaí cró na n-eas, na n-abhonn, na n-inbhear ┐ na sealcc moch-mhaidneach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 130.21 . As npr. m. pl. Mochmatnig, BDD 126. ¤mall: riacht réim . . . dar muing maith mora mochmaill `he fared . . . over the goodly mane of the sea early and late', Metr. Dinds. ii 26.10 . niptar mochmaill dia lánréir `they were not their own masters early or late', 46.18 . mochmaill .i. go moch ┐ go mall, O'Cl. ¤saeglach: gumadh mochṡaeghlach . . . intí ro míllfead in cadach sin short-lived , BB 234b9 . ¤solus: maidin mochṡolus, IT ii2 127.137 . CF 336.

¤trátae matutinal: mochtratae gl. matutinus, Ml. 21c8 . Later mochtraide (as adv.), TBC-LL¹ 5800 = mochtrad, TBC-I¹ 3472.

(c) rarely with vb.: manicabat .i. mane veniebat .i. no mocháirgiged used to rise early, Flower Cat. 433 from Harl. 1023 (a denom. from mochéirge ?). Bætan . . . is Eochaid . . . ros mochbí . . . clothrí Ciannachta slew them betimes (? before their time), LL 132b24 (ben-). mochthánic came early, SR 2867 (do-icc-).

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