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1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

diṡaltach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. diṡaltach or dil.ie/16768

ind tar sruth manann disaltaig gaibtig, YBL 84b17 .

1 inis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 inis or dil.ie/28744
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: inis, insi, indsi, indse, insi, innsi, indsi, inse, índis, inse, inseo, insi, insi, indsi, inis, indsi, inse, inseda, innseadha, insi, insiu, indse, inseadha, inse, insi, innsi, indsedh, inseadh, insib, innsib, indsibh, innsibh, insedhaib, innseadhaibh, insibh, inis, nInis

n ī, f. In Mid and Mod. Ir. freq. inflected in pl. as dental stem. n s. inis, Corm. Y 744. Imr. Brain § 4. LL 13a31 . insi, Anecd. i 1.4 . Laws i 16.12 LL 13a20 . indsi, Anecd. i 1.7 . indse, Metr. Dinds. iv 92.15 . a s. insi, Imr. Brain § 61 . LU 3358. innsi, Lat. Lives 107.8 . indsi, Laws i 78.12 . Anecd. i 1.7 . inse, Thes. ii 299.7 ( Hy. I pref. ). LL 181a38 . índis, LL 395a31 . g s. inse, Thes. ii 241.18 (Ardm.). Imr. Brain § 61. Fél. July 7 . inseo, Thes. ii 241.18 (Ardm.). indse, LU 3356. insi, Trip.² 2427. LU 9150. d s. insi, SR 4008. LU 3379. indsi, Anecd. i 1.6 . SR 4009. Laws i 12.z Comm. inis, Anecd. i 1.3 . Fél. Aug. 8. Laws i 16.6 (sic leg., Stokes, Laws Crit. p. 22 ). Acall. 6558. n p. indsi, IT i 190.31 . inse, Todd Lect. vi 2.13 . inseda, Cog. 140.3 . innseadha, AFM i 564.6 . a p. insi, Ml. 89d18 . Trip.² 2424 ( insiu , v.l.). indse, Alex. 884. inseadha, Keat. i 200.59 . g p. inse, Ml. 89d18 . Imr. Brain § 25. insi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, xxv 439 § 7 . innsi, AU i 512.x . indsedh, i 490.13 . inseadh, TD 20 § 49. d p. for insib , Thes. ii 299.15 . innsib, 312.1 ( Hy. II ). indsibh, SR 3396. innsibh, Aithd. D. 29 § 18. insedhaib, SG 64.x . innseadhaibh, Dán Dé xxviii 39. insibh, AFM iii 326.x . n du. di inis , ZCP i 420 § 183. See IGT Decl. § 150.11 and KZ xxviii 146 § 3.

an island (very common in place names, see Hog. Onom., Indexes to FM., AU, etc.). i.¤ ab insula , Corm. Y 744. inis .i. nesos graece, insola interpretatur , O'Mulc. 734. cen muir dia etarscarad fo chosmailius n-inse, Ml. 89d18 . lasinn uile talmuin ón file im na insi imacuairdd, ib. dul for insib mara immach, Thes. ii 299.15 . muchatócc inse fáil augustín inseo bicae, 241.18 . immeraad in n-i.¤ immecúairt, Imr. Brain § 61. Manandān mac Lir, cendaighe amra robūi a nI.¤ Manann , Corm. Y 896. Máel-rúain ... grían án inse Góidel, Fél. July 7 . maicc Nessáin ónd i.¤ , Fél. March 15. corogab tir ... | i n-insi Deprofane, SR 4008. i n-insib i mmedón in mara tened, LU 2193. ingen ríg Insi Fer Falga, 9150 . la tri cenela saera randsat in indsi so, Laws i 78.12 . muirinis mara ina beir ceathra (one of the places into which distress is not taken), iv 6.10 . Siuchraidh mac Loduir iarla Innsi orcc of the Orkney Islands, AU i 532.10 . a n-indsib Orcc ┐ Catt 'Orkneys and Shetlands' Celtica xiii 4 , Peritia xii 315 n. 85 . Ragnall mac Gothraidh, rí na n-innsi `Lord of the Isles' (i.e. of the Hebrides), 512.x , Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 . rí Innsi Gall, AU 989.4 . a hInnsib Gall, CMT² 38 § 51 . tri longa do longaibh Gall na n-Innsi do shlat do Ulltaibh, ii 58.17 . inghion Rígh innsi Fionnghall, Caithr. CC 24 . a hinsib Mod muirech `sea-girt islands of Mod' (i.e. the islands in Clew Bay), Metr. Dinds. iii 408.5 . as na hindsib .i. a Créit, a Cicir, a Sicil, a Corsic, PH 5388. atat di i.¤ a fudomhuin in mara sin, ZCP i 420 § 183. Cathal ... do mharbadh la Cénel Eogain na hInnsi (i.e. of Inishowen), ALC i 70.10 . an bhréiginsi lér fhaoi Art (of Ireland), Studies 1921, 75 § 18 . dá ghimhis don ghoirmṠinainnsi | uman n-i.¤ adhmholaimsi, IGT Decl. ex. 1395. for insedhibh uisccidhe no for olénibh mara, Hugh Roe 178.14 . As nom. loc. Ennis, co. Clare: dá bhrághaid uaim i nInis , DDána 77 § 1. mainistir Inse i ttuadhmhumhain, AFM iii 326.6 .

an island (often artificial) used as a storehouse or fort: 'na duinib trénaib daingnib | inna indsib eradblib, SR 3396. daroclasa a n-indsi ┐ a nduini ┐ a ndingnada, BB 500b35 . ni chumdaigem mura na paláti na tegdaise rígda na indse for uscib, Alex. 884. ro daingnit leis ... dúin ocus daingni ocus inseda, Cog. 140.3 . M. ... do indradh Condacht ┐ do thoghail a híndseadh `M. harried Connaught and destroyed its (artificial) islands,' RC xvii 344.13 .

In many poetic names of Ireland , e.g. rannsadar a maic ... | i.¤ n-Airt, Metr. Dinds. ii 38.46 . i.¤ Bhanbha na ttrí ttonn | do ṡlonn sí trí hanma sin, IGT Decl. ex. 1152. mór antrom inse Banbha, Keat. Poems 981. i.¤ Bhreagh, TD 1 § 2. i.¤ Ealga, eadhon, oiléan uasal, Keat. i 98.23 . go hi.¤ aoibhinn Ealga, Keat. Poems 10. Gnia ... cenn crabhaidh insi hEmhir, AFM i 514.20 . tilid Éirinn gan ainimh | a héineing d'I.¤ Ḟuinidh `they rule Ireland without reproach, from one corner to the western land,' TD 10 § 11. cid mesc lib coirm inse Fáil, IT i 133.1 . is ferr d'andrib Inse Fáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 202.45 . an seachtmhadh hainm (i.e. of Ireland), I.¤ Fáil, Keat. i 100.52 . fata srúm gimhsi gach gille | ag súr Innsi finne Fáil, IGT Decl. ex. 1405. ar fhud Innse Laoghaire, DDána 77 § 8. an ceud ainm tugadh ar Éirinn, I.¤ na bhfiodhbhadh, eadhon, oiléan na gcoillteadh, Keat. i 96.11 . an t-ochtmhadh hainm, Muicinis, 100.66 .

2 Mana

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 Mana or dil.ie/31513

Forms: Manann, -ann, -ainn, Manond, Manand, Manonn, Mano

pn n, f. Manann (g s. -ann, d s. -ainn), IGT Dec. § 129. The Isle of Man , called by the Romans Lat. Mona ( Caesar B. Gall. 5.13 ), a name also given to the isle of Anglesey . ? Maccuill di Mane, Ardm. 6b1 = Trip. 289.12 , Thes. ii 260.35 (seems = insula Euonia, ib. 30 ). ? oc Mana os muir mend, LL 11b3 (poem by Flann Mainistrech), quoted Keat. i p. 214 , Leb. Gab.(i) 182. Manand insula , Corm. Y 896 = inis Manann (Manand), ib. cath Manand, AU 986. inganta Manann , Todd Nenn. 118. co riacht Manainn, Trip. 222.14 . bellum nauale oc Manainn, AU 913. a Manaind, TFerbe 168 . is leis glanta Manand ┐ . . . iarna éc dolléicset Gaedil Manaind, LL 330c4 . d'argain oiléin mhara . . . da ngairthear Manainn, Keat. ii 3441. tar muir Manann (the Irish Sea), 5755 . There was also a place in Scotland called Mana: g s. bellum Manond , AU 581. Manand, 582 . Manonn, 710 . cath Manann , RC xvii 154 (Tig.). ? d s. in Mano , AU 681. See AU i 69 n. 8 and Stokes, Ling. Val. Ir. Ann. 104.

1 meithel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 meithel or dil.ie/31859
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: meidheal, meidheal, meigheal, mheigheal, mheighle, meighil, meidhil, medhil, meithel, meithiul, meithli, meithlecha

n ā, f., (cf. W. medel `reaping-party'; see BBCS xiii 24 ), in later lang. also o, m.; meidheal, f., IGT Dec. § 54.4 (? metheal, ib. 19 ), but also: meidheal, m. and f., § 53 . Written meigheal occas. in late MSS.: d s. do mheigheal , IGT Dec. ex. 1340. g s. a mheighle , ex. 1377 . in meighil , AU ii 420.11 (an. 1311) = meidhil, ALC i 358.21 , medhil, AFM iii 500.

A band of persons engaged in some common occupation or service, generally agricultural, esp. a band of reapers: met[h]il . . . ab eo quod est meto uel meta (.i. buain), Corm. Y 354 = meithel, LB. meithle, lucht búanaighe, Eg. Gl. 451. ro buí methel mor oc B. ic buain (= messores), Lat. Lives 85 = meithiul, Lism. L. 1662. oc ergnum cota methli preparing food for the labourers, LU 4349 (cf. 4351 ). ruc leis methil mogda móir a band of labourers, Metr. Dinds. iii 380. meth . . . methle giallna `failure . . . in supplying a band of reapers to the chief', Laws i 156.33 . manchuine .i. fer . . . do denum a dūine no a meithle .i. an dun no a sluaighed lais, ii 194.10 Comm. (where military service seems meant). punnand chorcai i fogomor d'éis mór-methle, TTr.² 1162. ar mbeith don fhoghmhar mór ┐ don mheithil beag, Keat. iii 247 (= quod esset [messis] multa et operarii pauci). gusan methil bhuana, 2 Kings iv 18. it aipche ar nguirt ┐ ní fhuil meithel sunn, BNnÉ 297 § 35. drong dá mheithil do bhuain na fíneamhna, TSh. 10238. fo meithil mhóna a band of turf-cutters , AFM iv 1162.16 . pl. adchonncadar na gurtu aipchi . . . ┐ adchonncadar na meithli , RC xxvi 160 § 48. do condcatar . . . methli ac buain arbha, BCC § 355 (d) = meithlecha, KMMisc. 317 § 10 .

In wider sense of a band of persons connected in some way: Faelán co méit methle, Fél. Oct. 31. meitheal min-seang (of Bith and his companions), Ériu x 81 § 46. Eithne . . . bean sin na meit[h]li nach marand a woman of a past generation (?), 78 § 28.

Compd. a ghriobh meidhealtrom Manann ` powerfully attended ', TD 22a.16 . ag sluagh mheidhealtrom, 3.20 .

mesrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mesrad or dil.ie/32072

Forms: mesrada

n o, m., (orig. n.?) coll. of 2 mes(s).

(a) tree-fruit, esp. mast, nuts: dū i mbatar m.¤ ┐ mesa, O'Mulc. 810. measradh Manann , Leb. Cert. 8.16 = meas Manand, 2.11 . dithle mesraid, Laws iv 340. 11 . breic-mhias an mheasraidh, TSh. 905. pl. (in distributive sense) mesrada morḟeda mast-crops , ZCP xi 81 § 16. mínmesraid ┐ daim ┐ircc tu (festival portion for kings), Ériu iv 124 § 2 . Fig. mesrad Machæ .i. cendæ doine iarna n-airlech Macha's nut-harvest, O'Mulc. 813.

(b) feeding with mast: ro boí . . . mucaid rig Hiruatha oca mucaib for m.¤ , Corm. p. 29 s.v. mogheime = for mess, Corm. Y 883. muccid Etersceóil . . . luid ar mesrud, LL 144b1 . dorála dá muccaidh . . . ic measradh a muc, Leb. Cert. 28.13 . (in intrans. sense) ro uhatar muccu Eterscel . . . for mesruth, RC xxii 390.8 .

1 muin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 muin or dil.ie/32713
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: muntorcc

n f.

I

(a) the upper part of the back between the shoulders and below the neck . m.¤ .i. muinél, O'Cl. (but the two words differ in meaning). ? is corcair maige cach maín, LU 10852 = IT i 132 y (: luin). ceand is grānnium . . . do neoch fil for m.¤ (= the ugliest head on any pair of shoulders), Auraic. 549. sengobi cona indeuin fora m.¤ on his back , Mon. Tall. § 19. sciath . . . fora m.¤ , IT i 131.18 . co tucsat . . . in tēig dō fora m.¤ , PH 931. ruc in lenam ara m.¤ istech, Laws i 178.12 . ina fil for ar m.¤ de uigib (= all the eggs we are carrying), MR 22.2 ( FDG 148 ). in druim ara ndechaid m.¤ the back on which he went, was carried (the child Jesus), ACL iii 246.2 = druim a ndeachaigh ara m.¤ , R.I.A. 23 I 40 p. 147 . do chuir mo chéill ar mo mh.¤ deprived me of my senses, Measgra D. 57.30 , cf. KMMisc. 50.18 . mac ar m.¤ `a child on the back' (technical term for a certain metrical fault), IGT Introd. § 2. Cf. adubhairt . . . léigion dá spior spar ┐ dá mhac ar m.¤ humbug , PCT 642 ( Gadelica i 129 ). air mh.¤ an eich on horseback , Oss. iv 244.17 . tarlaic C. aurchur . . . do m.¤ a mairc, IT i 158.3 . Cf. ar monaib a n-each, Laws v 108.26 Comm. (by Atkinson referred to this word, but see mon). gibé thoigeóras dol ar marcaigheacht go neamh .i. . . . a anam do chur ar m.¤ anma a phréaláide to mount his soul on his prelate's soul, TSh. 10665. ar m.¤ an mil mhoir (of St. Brendan), ZCP i 62 § 37. ar m.¤ na muice on the pig's back = in luck , see muc(c).

(b) in wider sense of upper part, top, surface: an trath bís imforcraidh snechta ar m.¤ an oigre, Maund. § 114. de m.¤ cairge māre Manann , Corm. Y 1059 (p. 93.16) . marcach na tond . . . ar m.¤ mhara, ACL iii 235.6 ; perhaps in sense (a), the sea being likened to a horse. Of the top or ridge of a hill (?): sechtmad coirpdire . . . isa n-iumrad sechtar m.¤ tuilche . . . ┐ trian coirpdire . . . isiniumrad for m.¤ tuilche (referring to the hill of assembly), H 3.18 p. 458b ( O'Curry 1154 ). issed is imradud ar m.¤ tuilche and, imradud a marbtha i n-oentig no i n-aenairecht ris; issedh is imradud sechtair m.¤ tuilche ann, a denam in cach inad otha sin amach, ib. 303 - 4 ( O'Curry 628 ). Cf. O'Mulc. 388 : Emuin .i. eo-muin . . . moin a monte .

(c) in various idiomatic phrases with prep., folld. by gen.

ar m.¤ (see for muin below)

(a) on, on top of: ag iarraidh . . . ar na sléibhtibh thuitim ara m.¤ to fall on them, Ó Héodhusa 68.18 . cuiridh pecadh ar m.¤ pecaidh, 151.17 . muinchille sróill is muinchille inair óir uimpi ara m.¤ sin besides, as well , Anecd. i 30 § 43. do bi bréid tar a suilib ┐ do bi a birrét ara m.¤ sin anúas, BCC § 320. m.¤ ar m.¤ in succession: fríoth an saidhbhreas m.¤ ar mhuin | is fríoth an daidhbhreas 'na dheaghuidh `that I got riches on riches', Ir. Monthly 1928, 265 § 23 .

(b) for the sake of (?): `ga iarraid ar m.¤ Muiri, ACL iii 245 § 25 , cf. de muin (b).

de (do) m.¤ at back of, behind , hence

(a) following on, subsequent to, in consequence of: cath do m.¤ bescna `a battle after a "bescna"-contract', Laws iii 216.24 . aisic na set rugadh do m. na comairce 'restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', Laws iii 232.25 . duine fil ar comairce ┐ dorinne fogail do m. na comairce, 23 Q 6 p. 36a ( O'Curry 1763 ). maini tainic re dligedh gu tanic do mun toicheda, ┐ ma thainicc re ddlighedh gen tiachtain do mun toicheda, is ericc ... 'if she did not submit to the law, until she submitted as a result of suing, and if she submitted to the law without submitting as a result of suing, payment ... ', Mar. Dis. 40 § 20 . maith in talman [sic leg.] . . . rachdæid da mh.¤ raen as rōd | gach tæb ōg ar nach fuil fat every young and heedless person will follow . . . after it, ACL iii 237 § 31 . rēim soirbh Mhuiredaigh da a [leg. dá] m.¤ the prosperous reign of M. after them, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 29 § 6. do mh.¤ a séimhsheilbhe on account of , Content. x 17. do mh.¤ comairle Ganalonais on G.'s advice, ITS xix 78.21 . do mh.¤ tindlaicthi De by the gift of God, 92.12 . a luighi do choimlínadh do mh.¤ ghnima `by carrying it into deed', 98.23 . claidemh . . . is daingne do mh.¤ laidirechta in respect of , 84.23 . do mh.¤ chroidhe with all one's heart, sincerely , TSh. 10147.

(b) protected by, under the guarantee of, on the strength of (?) . Vendryes, ZCP ix 295 , LEIA M-72 , would refer exx, with this meaning to a different word 6 muin = `defence, guarantee', cognate with O.H.G. munt, A.S. mund (cf. Germ. Vormund, Mündel). athech do m.¤ commairchi `a boor who is under patronage', Triads 232. ro bí (.i. ro marb) Æd de m.¤ (.i. de chommairgi) Cormaic in rig, LL 314a27 .

for m.¤ in addition to: dobert .s. [= set] gabla for muin dire ... .i. brethemnaigter .s. do gablugud for muin eneclainni, CIH iv 1159.37 . c[et]muindtir for m. araile, CIH i 7.34 . In follg. ex. seems nearly = de m.: techt for m.¤ mo mic `that I should go on my son's guarantee' (lit. on my son's back), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 § 5 ; but see Vendryes loc. cit.

i mm.¤

(a) on the back (top) of = in addition to: indech ┐ di bai inna m.¤ two cows in addition, Laws ii 126.18 Comm. dairt i m.¤ cach oen-seoit a `dairt' along with every `sed', v 340.21 . it ē a fēich .i. cetheoir samaisci . . . ┐ es [leg. is] fiach gaidi bis ina m.¤ , Anecd. iii 22.16 (i.e. the person who steals on Sunday pays the fine for breach of the Sabbath and the fine for theft as well). mad roastar cach mil dib i mbethu lasin merlech adrén diabul .i. mil i mm.¤ alaili, Ériu vii 154 § 3 (i.e. the robber not only restores the stolen animal but gives another in addition).

(b) on account of: diabul aithgena a m.¤ cach ae double restitution for each, Laws v 250.8 . cúic seoit in muin [leg. i mmuin] a cinaidh gach sochuinn five seds is the fine for the crime, ii 70.1 . Cf. also: Maelmithid . . . do dul co Genti fri cosnum tuaiscirt Breg a m.¤ Gente `with a view to defending the North of B. by the aid of the Gentiles' (?), AU 917 ; acc. to the Engl. transl. (quoted AFM ii 593 n .) `M. . . . went towards the Gentyes to save Tuaiscert Bregh from them'.

In Ériu iii 154 § 8 : ro cuiredh draighthi na hErenn uile a muind a ḟesa . . . da ḟoillsiugud `with the help of their science', read: i mmuinidin (= muinigin).

Compds. (gen. mun- before a follg. non-palatal):

I With noun. ¤bráge a neck: secht cubait . . . i tacmung a munbrágat, Metr. Dinds. iii 258. secht cubait . . . moa munbraghaid, BB 378b5 . ¤chobrach see 1 muinchorach. ¤torc m. a collar, torque: muintorc, gl. torquis, Sg. 70a21 . muntorc .i. slabrad oir fo braigid, BB 254a2 . muntorc .i. slabhradh, O'Cl. muntorcc , Fianaig. 6.6 . scel an mundtuirc, TTebe 827 . sreth di muntorcaib óir . . . mar chirclu dabcha, LU 1710 ( RC ix 476.12 ).

II With adj. corresponding to Engl. -necked ; freq. in sobriquets. ¤brec: a Condlai Rúaid muinbricc chaindeldeirg, RC v 390.2 = muinbrec, LU 10006 (expld. by De Jubainville as referring to colour of C.'s neck and the royal collar encircling it). See munbrec. ¤caem: Muirne Munchaem, Acall. 6553. m. Munchaim, RC v 197 § 1. ¤cáin: Maine Muncháin, ZCP viii 314.29 . clann Maine Munchain, 309.2 . ¤cam(m) wry-necked: Morna Muncham, RC v 197 § 2. ¤derg: Aed m., ZCP viii 301.14 . Muredach Munderg, 327.20 . ¤gairit short-necked: Mám Mungairit, LL 48b35 . ¤gel: ben munghel mín, Anecd. i 60 § 89 . ¤glas: tar tondaib mara munglassa (.i. tar tonnaib muinél-glasa no mong-glassa), Leb. Gab.(i) i 254.5 . munghlasa .i. muinélghlasa, O'Cl. ¤remar: læch munremar collach, TBC-LL¹ 5268. moṅgach munremur (of a bull), IT iii 246.82 . As npr. m.: Muinremur mac Geirrgind, FB 12. Munremor, IT i 102.7 . Loch Munremuir, LL 7a6 .

muir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. muir or dil.ie/32761
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: muir, ṁmuir, muir, mmuir, moro, mora, mara, mara, maro, more, muire, mure, mara, muir, muir, mhara, moir, muir, mara, muire, mara, marann, mara, marannaibh, muirinn, muir, mara, marai, muir-, mur-, mur-, muirágu, muirbretha, muirmhil, Muir, Murcon, Muirmhedho

n i, n. and m., later also f. O.Ir. forms: n s. muir, Thes. ii 47.31 ( Philarg. 83 ). (with art.) a ṁmuir mbrígach, Fél. Ep. 30. in muir , SR 287 , 3989 . a s. (with art.) issa mmuir , Thes. i 493.27 , 29 ( Tur. 131 ). g s. in moro , Ml. 81a4 , cf. 96c1 . mora, Sg. 94a3 . Thes. ii 290.5 ( Sg. 112 ). AU 769. in mara , Gild. Lor. 5. rith mara , SR 266. dochom maro , LU 5382 ( TBC-I¹ 906 ). fri more foimrim, IT ii1 182.2 ( YBL 116b47 ). a p. forsna muire , Ml. 126a4 . tarsna mure , 122a3 . In Mid.Ir. n p. mara (mora) is found. In later Mid.Ir. muir becomes fem. (already in LB 125b15 ; cf. also SR 287 : in muirlinn aili is i in muir , but possibly the gender of the pron. is that of muirlinn); in Mod.Ir. generally fem. (Keat.; but g s. an mhara , TSh. 103 , 10260 ). moir muir (m., g s. mara), IGT Dec. § 41 ; (f., g s. muire, mara) § 42 . In late lit. n -forms occur in oblique cases of pl.: g p. na marann , RC xxiv 371.28 (n p. mara, ib.), 378.10 (Rennes Tenga Bithnua). d p. marannaibh, ZCP vi 59.17 . Cf. torann-fadach na muirinn ┐ na n-uiscedha ` seas ', RC xxviii 312 § 8 (but see muirenn).

The sea in wide sense, both of sea as opposed to land and of particular tracts of ocean with special designations, occas. of inland seas; freq. used without art., esp. after prep. Gl. mare, Ml. 62c2 , Gild. Lor. 5 , Ir. Gl. 860 ; aequor, Philarg. 83 ( Thes. ii 47 , 362 ). muir i.e. a nomine mare (mara MS.), Corm. Y 913. nem uasaind ┐ talam ísaind ┐ m.¤ immaind immá cuard, TBC-LL¹ 4752. Dia . . . is e doroine nem ┐ talam ┐ m.¤ , PH 989. for m.¤ ┐ fairrge, 2080 . turcgeba in m.¤ mormoṅgach, SR 8105. m.¤ mílach, Fél. June 21 . in set dogabur itir nai tonna ┐ tir . . . in set dogabur arin m.¤ mor the high sea, Laws v 326.5 . i n-inis mara, IT i 75.4 . longa in mara, PH 7024. do treabaidh ais na muire `the back of the seas' (? sea), Leb. Gab.(i) i 36.11 . tonn fuar na muire mairbhe, Aisl. Tond. 104.8 . metither ra Fomóir na ra fer mara, TBC-LL¹ 3805 (the last four words are a gloss; merman? pirate?). i llán mara in the full tide, AU 769. in lān mara, Fl. Earls 20.17 . Cog. 190.20 . muc mara a porpoise (see muc(c)). do m.¤ by (on) land: do m.¤ is do t[h]ír, BColm. 102.10 . CCath. 2675. ac indrudh Muman do m.¤ ┐ do thir, RC xviii 49.24 (Tig.). pl. in distrib. sense: mara móra co n-ainbthinib, FA 30 = marai LB. ru reset inna muire ┐ inna locha, AU 821. fo lochaib ┐ lindaib ┐ muirib, Laws i 72.8 . tre ilmuire, Aen. 331.

Of particular seas: tri m.¤ robur the Red Sea , Ml. 82c8 , cf. 96c1 . See robur. Also called m.¤ ruad, PH 2823 (see rúad). muir Caisp the Caspian Sea , Leb. Gab.(i) i 16.19 . m.¤ n-Ichtt, IT i 39.18 (= mare Vectis, the English Channel ). dar m.¤ Torrian the Tyrrhene (Mediterranean) Sea , PH 570. i n-innsib Mara Torrian, Hy. ii 11. otha m.¤ Terren aniar conice m.¤ mairb from the Mediterranean to the Dead Sea, LB 125b14 . muir marb, 159a19 . isna crichaib borethaib i leith re muir tēcht the frozen (hyperborean) Sea, BB 492a13 (= tēchtmuir, Alex. 437 ); 487b9 . in Mhuir Técht the Dead Sea , Maund. 92. risin m.¤ tentide bo deis the fiery (torrid) sea (southern boundary of inhabited earth), BB 487b12 . for imlib mara Tibir the sea of Tiberias, LB 118b51 . i mm.¤ Thibriatis, PH 6716. an m.¤ Ponteca (= mare Ponticum), Auraic. 3343.

Transf. and fig.: m.¤ tened, FA 25. is m.¤ dar crichu a sea overflowing boundaries (of an invincible enemy), TBC-LL¹ 5395. is m.¤ dar múru, 5277 = is tond romara, TBC-I¹ 3214. bud m.¤ conbaidfea duib-si in buden sain a sea that will drown (you), 5578 . ? iarna sáethur gair-som | it é cen aes muir-som (mair-sium, mairson v.l.), Fél. Prol. 60 = it é muir-som cen aes they are a sea without age (cf. ler slúagdae, March 21 ), Thurneysen. m.¤ téachta déar d'fhuil, Ir. Monthly 1929, 596.32 . an mhuir-se na mailíse, TSh. 2068.

Compds. Before a non-palatal consonant in the second component muir- becomes mur- in Mid.Ir. and many stable compds. are treated separately under mur-.

A. With subst.: ¤ág(a)e m. sea-beach, coast (? sea-dyke)? d s. din muirágu , Thes. i 498.25 ( Ardm. 188b1 ), gl. de assole vel de Asson ( Acts xxvii. 13 ). A compd. of áge `pillar, prop'? ¤bolc (bolg) m. `a sea bag', inlet of the sea (see ZCP xi 192 , xii 305 ). As n.l.: in Muirbulc mar, Thes. i 280.42 (d s.). a mMurbulg, ZCP viii 218.5 . Dal Riati in Muirbuilgg, AU 730 (g s.). ac carraig Murbuilg, CRR 9. ¤bran m. a cormorant: gl. merges (= mergus), Sg. 55b9 . ¤breth f. a sea-judgement; (in pl.), maritime law . pl. muirbretha , Laws i 182.1 . diles i muirbrethaib, iii 422.1 . i murbrethaib, H 3.17 c. 656 ( O'D. 925 ). isna Muirbrethaib (name of a legal tract?), Corm. Y 539. ¤cengal m. ` sea-bond '; transf. of a chieftain a sea-compeller, sea-ruler? Muirceangal ua Domain Nuaill (.i. Maghnus o Domhnaill), ZCP v 486 § 10 (B. na f.). ¤coblach m. a sea-fleet; a naval expedition . muirchoblach, LU 9801 ( RC vi 165.22 ). tánic Nemed . . . a murchoblach cetheora barca .xxx., LU 1277 ( Imr. Brain ii 288 ). i mbraine muircoblaig, O'Mulc. 292. i murchoblaigib in fleets , Trip. 206.1 . fo clú . . . an murchoblaigh sin Golaim sea expedition, Leb. Gab.(i) i 232.8 . murchoblach la Colman . . . hi Soil ┐ i nIle, AFM i 204.7 . ¤choirthe castaway, shipwrecked person: for murchorthai, ZCP xiii 21.36 . eiric tar cend murcuirthi cin apu do righ, Laws v 182.9 . o murchuirthe codnach … o murchuirthe leithcuinn ┐ lethceille, Bretha 20 § 12.3 . ¤comrac m. a sea-fight: tíagait do muirchomruc forsind [ḟ]airrce, BDD 45. murcomrac forsin fairrgi etir Gallu ┐ Niall, RC xvii 361.15 (Tig.), cf. AFM ii 804.5 . ¤fecht a naval expedition or hosting: muirḟecht secht fichet long di muinntir righ Gall, AU 848 = muirfheacht, AFM i 476.19 . See muiriucht. ¤fiach m. a sea-raven: i ndeilb muirfeich mair, Imr. Brain ii 291 (Laud) = i ndeilb segi mori .i. murrech, LU 1323. segha .i. muiriach (nó muirrech) mor, Imr. Brain ii 291 n. 3 . ¤gabál f. sea-faring (? coasting): gach port i tigeadh Ith i nErinn iar murghabhail na ntír i raibhe, BB 38b3 . ¤gabul m. an inlet of the sea. n p. muirgobuil, Ml. 45d12 . Of a river: scailed murgabla srotha Ligir `letting out an inlet of the river Loire', RC xv 434 ( Dinds. 43 ) = scaíled in murgabuil múaid | cos'tathig Ligir londglúair, Metr. Dinds. iii 194.9 . iar tuaslucud in murgabail i Torinis glain i tírib Fraṅc, LL 159b30 . ¤gae a sea-spear, harpoon: murgha, Lism. L. 1640. ¤galar m. sea-sickness: eabur re ndol ar fairrge . . . ┐ ni dén murgalar olc dhó, R.I.A. 23 K 42, 325.2 . ¤geilt m. ` a sea-lunatic'; a sea-fugitive or wanderer, term applied to the mermaid Lí Ban . Muirgeilt .i. geilt in mara, LU 3130. murgeilt, 3043 . murgelt, 3022 ( SG 235.28 ). in hoc anno capta est in Muirgelt for Tracht Ollarba . . . .i. Airiu ingen Eachach maic Muiredha, RC xvii 147.4 (Tig.) = in muirgheilt, AU 571 = an muirgelt .i. Liban, AFM i 200.10 . ¤geintlecht f. sea-sorcery, sea-magic: muirgheintleacht, Keat. Poems 695. ¤iasc m. sea-fish: tóla muiréisc maigrig, Metr. Dinds. iii 426.9 . ¤inis f. a sea-island , Laws iv 6.10 . ¤lán f. full tide: antí riasa ttraighedh an mhuirlán, ZCP x 4.8 . ¤linn f. sea-pool , poetic term for sea. ri dorigni muirlinn māir | os an ḟirmimint imṡlain, | in muirlinn aili is i in muir, SR 285 - 7 (see Gen. i 7 ). do mhuirlinn mara, Leb. Gab.(i) i 128.4 . ag muirlinn mhóir Chinn Mhaghair, Duan. F. i 32.18 . Muirtheimhne ón muirlinn, Keat. ii 1225 (poem). ¤loch a lagoon, salt-marsh: isin muirloch, gl. in salsuginem, Thes. i 6.8 (Southamp. Psalter). os murloch, Acall. 5924 n . ¤luachair f. sea reeds, sedge: firluachair ┐ murl., Laws i 172.16 Comm. ¤mag n. a sea-plain, salt marsh (?): im rasas do murmaige `for the crop (? cropping) of thy sea-march', Laws i 166.27 . ¤mesóc f.: ro gabsad muirmesoga mora do lar `great sea-acorns', RC xxvi 160 § 48. ¤míl m. a sea animal, fish: g s. eithre muirmhil , Lism. L. 2223. lomnan magair is muirmhil, Irish Texts ii 19 § 23. plag arna muirmilaib, BB 388b36 . As collective: amhlaid bit an muirmil hisin, Leb. Gab.(i) i 204.20 (of mermaids). ¤ṡeilche a sea-monster : muir druídechta ro baí fair co muirselche ann co n-aicniud súigthech leis, Comp. CC 36 § 34 (Toch. Em.) = Metr. Dinds. iv 294 . ¤técht: da ttí don leth thuaidhe, doghébha [m]uirtheucht cona tonnaibh ` rough sea ', ITS v 118.26 . muirtheucht, 120.9 . muirteachd ` unnavigable seas ', O'R. Poems Seems intended for: muir técht a congealed (i.e. frozen) sea (for m.¤ Técht as n. l. see muir). Cf. muir théacht `a viscid sea ', ITS xxiv 20.27 ; air muir dtéachtuidh, 126.3 . ¤torad m. sea-produce: mess ┐ claiss ┐ muirthorud, LU 10116 = murtorad, ZCP iii 229 § 1. a mes ┐ a murthorad . . . inna hindsi, Ériu iv 128 § 8. ag buain na femnuige ┐ in murthoraid olchena, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.19) . do tochaitheamh . . . mesa ┐ murtoraidh Erenn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 26.16 . murthoradh .i. toradh mara, O'Cl. ¤trácht m. sea-strand: murthracht, ZCP x 343.17 . dar muncind in múrtráchta, MacCongl. 37.3 . ¤tráig f. strand, beach: in murtraig, Lism. L. 1946. Occas. also in adjs. formed from nouns: eass . . . maigrech murbiastach ` sea-monsterful ', MR 104.13 . anfadh mara murbradanaigh, IT iii 71.6 = mulbratanaigh, ib. 3 ; `des seefischreichen Meeres', Bruchst. i § 34 .

B. Muir enters into composition of proper names: ¤bran ` sea-raven ', ZCP viii 328.20 . ¤chú ` sea-dog '; name of biographer of St. Patrick, RC xxvi 366. Muirchiu (sic), AU 827. g s. Murcon , AU 735. ¤mid: g s. Muirmhedho , AU 797. With adj.: Muirchertach, AU 527 , 926 (Muircertach). ¤gel (npr. f.?): Muirgel Manann , IT iii 34 § 9. co Muirgil, ib. Cf. also Murchad (m.¤ +cath).