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bruinnte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruinnte or dil.ie/7127

part. of 2 bruinnid: mand din .i. geal .i. uinge brúinnte, Corm. 29 mánd = manda ōir forloiscthi, Corm. Y 877. arna denam d'or b.¤ `of refined gold', Fier. 140. cona forbrut b.¤ Indecdai welded (?) in Indian style, Alex. 85. Fig. firinne bruinnti, bretheamhanda purified , MR 98.18 .

? díamann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? díamann or dil.ie/15934

ind diamhann .i. biadh na n-oigheadh, P. O'C. Cf. dobert diamand (leg. Dia mand?) don popul, O'Curry 2529 ( Eg. 88 , 44 (45)a).

1 do-midethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-midethar or dil.ie/18106

Forms: du-mmidethar, domidet, toimdet, dumestar, dumessatar, du-m-messur-sa, da-mídair, dorumadir, doroemaidir, dos-ruimdemar, duruimdetar, domitte, toimse, tomus, diruirmisem

v (* to-mid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 579 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. du-mmidethar, Ml. 82a3 . 3 pl. domidet, SR 99 . Ipv. 3 pl. toimdet, ZCP xi 95 § 47 . Subj. pres. 3 s. dumestar, Ml. 68d1 . 3 pl. dumessatar, Enchir. Aug. 86b ( ZCP vii 485 ). Fut. 1 s. du-m-messur-sa, Ml. 78a11 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. da-mídair, TBC-LL¹ 2901 . (With -ro-) dorumadir si, Ml. 16c11 . doroemaidir, SR 2709 , cf. 7955 (form due to analogy of ¤roemaid from maidid, see Strachan, VSR 65 ). 1 pl. dos-ruimdemar, Fél. Ep. 6 . 3 pl. duruimdetar, Ml. 87c4 . Impf. pass. s. domitte, Corm. Y 606 . Part. toimse.

Vn. tomus. See also 1 toimsid, toimsigid.

Weighs, measures, estimates: gl. pendere, Enchir. Aug. 86b , adpendere, Ml. 82a3 , perpendere, 68d1 , ponderare, 87c4 , metiri, 78a11 , emetiri, 16c11 , 25a18 . Oft. with prep. FRI (or A) of standard of measurement: rí tadban tomus . . . o firmimint co talmain | fris domidet . . . fri tiget na talmanna, SR 99 . flesc idaith domitte (donmitte, LB) frisna collnai ┐ frisna adnacula which used to be measured to (i.e. by which bodies and graves used to be measured), Corm. Y 606 . fri cathardu ┐ eclaisi domiditer luicc by cities and churches places are estimated, Fél. 2.5 . taircella tomus conid iar n-a durn toimdither by his hand it is measured, Laws iv 344.x . lutu laime fir dod(o)-midi(gh)t[h]ur measures it = is the measure of it (?), ZCP xiv 345 § 6 ( Laws ii 232 ). is a dealt domiter recomrac from a syllable a disyllable is reckoned, Auraic. 1953 . a med Lugbae cerd[a] dorumidir (doirumidir, v.l.) Fachtna a n-argat ar na bu F. weighed the silver, Corm. Y 811 . cia doroemadair . . . coemchathir ind rig?, SR 7955 . doroemaidir bith . . . tirib | tuathaib . . . milib stadib he measured the world . . . by countries, peoples, miles, stadia, 2709 . buiden cech óin laithi | dosruimdemar remain we have measured them out above, Fél. Ep. 6 (dosrimemar, diruirmisem we have enumerated them, v.l.). arán toimse (a hermit's ration), Ériu ii 56 § 8 . Guesses, solves a riddle: niméte ni thormassid, 'no doubt you can solve it' Thes. ii 292.21 , Ériu xxxiv 195 . Adjudges: mou álib imdergadh emna; domider (leg. domidiur?) de secht cumala I adjudge for it seven cumals, Corm. 29 s.v. mánd (= admiudar, Laud). In fig. sense weighs, deliberates: damídair-sium a chomairle ra muintir, TBC-LL¹ 2901 . Calculates, plans, attempts: dammidethar . . . dia lémaim ┐ forémid (lit. he measures it for his (its?) leap), FB § 88 = domidethar an leim he calculates (attempts) the leap, Eg. damídhair a thrí brathbémmenda da béim bar Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 6005 . mór gním do mnái brath a fir | dóig is friss rodasmidir `it was against him that she aimed it', Metr. Dinds. iii 254 , cf. Ériu ii 30 § 15 . Deems, judges, considers: is d' aimsir Adhaimh domidhter in gabhail so Ceasrach C.'s invasion is assigned to the age of Adam, BB 22b39 . toimdit áes na críche sin nach fil for bith inis is ferr inás, Marco P. 169 .

écht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. écht or dil.ie/19544
Last Revised: 2013

n u, n.? ( Todd Lect. iv 205 ), later m. The original meaning seems to be slaughter, slaying , and this is generally implied, under all extensions of meaning.

I A slaying, slaughter ; usually of slaying an enemy in battle, but also in the senses of murder, manslaughter (with gen. of agent or obj.): écht Maind the slaying of Mand (obj. gen.) TBC-I¹ 2181 = Metr. Dinds. iv 278 . ferais ēcht ndochla ndobail | guin Fiachach, TBC-I¹ 2068 = TBC-LL¹ 2784 . naco ndernat echt fon innas(s)a nidat tualngi comram until they accomplish such a killing as this LL 123b51 (= Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 ). Anecd. i 13.5 . do commaoidhimh an echda mhoir dorinde (viz. the slaying of Fer Diad) ZCP x 296 y . is mór in t-écht doringni rí L., bás mo dam ingen do thuidecht trina cheilg, LL 295a23 = RC xiii 38.18 . saebécht doróni L. for mnai Conchobair, Metr. Dinds. iv 32 . ēchta Lagen for Leth Cuind slaughters (inflicted) on L.C. by the Leinstermen LL 48b7 . dorigne P. echta ar na Tiauandaib, TTebe 2835 . nir bo echt cen aithi not an unavenged slaying TTebe 3523 . mairg cathraig i ndernad in t-échtsa (viz. the Crucifixion) PH 3306 . lucht an echta those who had wrought the murder KMMisc. 313.13 . Dán Dé xxvi 33 . tír an echta `the land on which the crime had been committed' BNnÉ 313.5 . adchondairc A. na tigri...a haithli na n-echt sin do denam daib (after the tigers had killed a charioteer and his steeds), TTebe 2780 . trésna háraibh ┐ trésna héachtaibh do-bhéaradh ar a easgcáirdibh, TSh. 2763 . Here may belong: ech cumal echta, Laws v 414.21 with gloss: .i. go n-a duine, 416.1 , possibly = gona duini of slaying a man; then ech c.e. might mean a horse worth a blood price (?). aircet échta, Acall. 789 (`silver taken as spoil from the slain' SG ii 120 ) cf. 1 echta. Attrib. g s.: aire échta noble of death-deeds, the designation of an officer entrusted with the duty of exacting blood-vengeance, Laws iv 322. 20 . See PRIA xxxvi C 16 § 109 (cf. ib. 269.31 ). ZCP xv 319 . airi echta in tAengus G., ac dígail greisi ceniuil a tuathaib Luigne, Laws iii 82.6 . neoil éachta clouds of (i.e. presaging) death Ir. Monthly 1920, 108 .

II By extension a slain person , occasionally somewhat in the sense of Engl. casualty, loss (in battle) but some of the follg. exx. may belong to I (see SGS iv 94-95 ); cf. eacht pity, grief, sorrow, mourning P. O'C. : ard cach n-écht dorochair and every (warrior) slain there Metr. Dinds. iv 44 . rob echt mór fer dibhsin gérbhó maith an dias n-aile (of three slain warriors) AFM v 1636.6 . dorónadh écht mór annsin ō Ghallaibh .i. Pattraiccín C. there was a serious loss on the English side, viz. P.C. 1646 y . dorochrator échta móra ó Máguidhir M. suffered some serious losses Hugh Roe² 30. 27 (17a) . ni hinnister echt oirdearc diobh do thuitim, AFM vi 2106.8 . L. Chl. S. § 54 . echta a n-airech the slain of their leaders Leb. Gab.(i) i 270 . nír bhó hionairimh a n-échta, AFM vi 1936.12 . Marco P. 63 . mór n-éacht gcuradh do chaillsead, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 352 . ba doimtheachta an maighen la hioliomat na n-écht ina bhfaoínlighibh, AFM v 1278.11 .

The use of écht may be anticipatory: dús in tetarthad écht n-amra d'Ultaib do marbad if he could succeed in slaying a famous champion of the U. LL 124a8 = Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 (rendered: i ndóigh éachta do dhéanamh ar Ulltachaibh, Keat. ii 3106 ). is amlaid forcoemnacair cach oen for erchomhair a échta facing the man he was to slay ZCP xi 61.17 . ni fiu lium echt anuasal nā gillanrach do marbadh, vi 278.30 . ML 100.12 . gu nderna mé écht Ídhail, IGT, Decl. ex. 426 . Probably of this type is: demin leis gia no thachrad écht dó nā lécfadh C. dó a dénam even though he should get the chance of slaying (a champion) TBC-LL¹ 1180 .

III Exploit, prowess, deed of valour ( echt ab actu , O'Mulc. 365 , may belong here): eachd, gaisge prowess Kirk = ACL iii 154 . eacht `a feat, exploit, achievement' P. O'C. imchongbail echta ocus enig ocus engnuma na hErenn, MR 148.21 . géaga gionalaidh gach fir | éachda iongantais is aisdir, Studies 1923, 598 . síothamhla a héachta an athuair more peaceful her deeds TD 39.15 . téid...d'éisteacht Aifrinn Dé...éacht nár thais don treonruire, Ó Bruad. iii 84 . In pejorative sense: olc echt … mind righ fo ceann druag and so, Anecd. ii 79 .

IV Of a hurt inflicted: níor leigheasadh...éachta...a chuilg the wounds from his blade were never healed Ir. Monthly 1920, 265 .

V ?: ni fuil écht do choite féin inti `to do thee alone a skiff's office his capacity is all too scant' SG 242.32 .

Compds.: échtbrug dwelling of champions (?): clár na n-eachtbhrugh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 342.11 . ¤chor: tárrais éachtchor iongantach thou hast met with strange disaster (to a ruined abbey) Ir. Monthly 1921, 508 . ¤chú deadly hound, ep. of a warrior: éachtchuin tseanga, Ó Bruad. ii 54 . ¤chur death-dealing champion, valiant warrior: síol na n-éachtchuradh, Ó Heódhusa, Ir. Monthly 1921, 330 . ¤ḟoirenn: ó éachtḟuirinn A. `A.'s daring tribe' Ó Bruad. ii 156 . ¤ḟrém valiant stock: bile échtfhréime Uidir, O'Gr. Cat. 471 . ¤minic given to performing valorous deeds: Sir A. armdherg échtmhinig, Rel. Celt. ii 186.6 .

gressaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gressaid or dil.ie/26622

v (2 gres(s)) incites, urges, stimulates, provokes: (used of egging on a warrior) `grēsid in fer,' or Fergus fria muinter. `Roscāich do bruth,' or Bricriu, TBC-I¹ 1714 . trascraid Coinculaind fo thrí Mand. Conidgreis int ara, 2177 . ba hisa (leg. huisse) ... a bās ind ḟir rogresi ind rīg who had provoked the king, 2996 . With m. pron. aff.: grestai iarom gan a dighail | Briccriu briathrach, Anecd. i 52.3 . ro gabsat in conair ro greiss tiudfuabairt an techidh ... iad `they took the path to which the onset of the flight impelled them,' CCath. 778 . is i comairli ro greis in t-oman fair `... to which fear impelled him,' ib. 3893 . in lucht gusa ngresfet do stuic catha suin, 645 . in t-í ... is escaid, gresed in lesc, PH 5825 . ro-gresus in popul Iudaide o eut ... i n-a agaid, 3841 . ro-greis spirut he ... do dhul i ndíthrub, 4740 . cia ... nách greisfider im dénum maithiusa trias-na mírbulib-sea, 4657 . do greis a mic ... im calma (sic leg.) do denam, Celt. Rev. iv 10.14 . ro gresistar Eoip mor mac Saduirn cenn ... caich gasraid Greg do chum na Teibi do togail, TTebe 1263 . urges on, incites, spurs on (animals) : ro greseastair a eocha disciri, TTebe 1083 . rogreis a each dar muigib, 4351 . is hé rogrēss na gagru assin carput, ZCP viii 320.23 . rogres int ech co direch ar amus na ridiri, D IV 2, 72vb37 . greasais Maoilgheann draoi an laogh órdha go roling 'n-a bhfiadhnaise uile, Keat. ii 5396 . With fa sets on: co tanic Díchu co ngreis a choin fó na cléirchiu, Lat. Lives 51.3 . greasais daoscarshluagh an oireachta fúthaibh, Keat. iii 1428.

imthrascrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imthrascrad or dil.ie/28173

n (first -r- due to assimilation) u, m. vn. of imm-tascra.

(a) wrestling together, throwing one another; a wrestling bout: antan ba nimt[h]rascrad dognītis dosrascradsom (dorascradsom, LU) na trī cōectu macc a ōenur, TBC-I¹ 499. gabait ... for imtrascrad ... ┐ trascraid Coin Culaind fo thrí Mand , LU 6718. trath ba imtrascrad doib con cured-som na trí coicait cétna i talmain fói, TBC-LL¹ 979. iar marbadh dhó Becloingis ... tría i.¤ `after slaying B. in a wrestling-bout,' Metr. Dinds. iv 288.17 . fer do i.¤ fris `a man to wrestle with him,' Ériu vi 148.35 . fer imtrascartha fri haingel, LB 114b48 . acon ti no bheradh buaidh na n-imthras[c]arthae, Stair Erc. 199.

Of fighting in water: atnagaid co cēin mōir oc imt[h]rascrad forsinn uisci ┐ bātir Frōech, TBC-I¹ 753. tiagait ... for in lind ┐ do niat iomtrasgradh fuirre, TBC-LL¹ p. 159 n. 11 .

(b) overthrowing: in tan na cumaing in t-aingel t'imtrascrad, LB 114b44 .

1 lige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lige or dil.ie/30199
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: luighi, loighi, lighi, li(u)gu

io, [n., GOI p. 448 ]. luighi loighi lighi (na leaptha) m., IGT Decl. § 2. Vn. of laigid. IGT Verbs § 74. d s. somet. li(u)gu in early texts.

I

(a) act of lying down, reclining, sleeping . Of persons: nicon fordamar suide nó ligi do fir díob `he did not suffer one of them to sit or lie down', Mon. Tall. 85 . ní reid bith fris im longud no im ligi, LU 5957 ( TBC-I¹ 1491 ). ba fer borb . . . im longud ┐ im ligi in Mand , LU 6708 ( TBC-I¹ 2166 ). rocomraicset . . . fri aroile co ttard Cana fo dheoidh ar Cairbri luighe for sccáth a scceith, ZCP xiv 233.9 . dochum a leaptha laighi `her couch', Aen. 628 . ina tigh lighi, Anecd. ii 42.14 . tráth luighe, TD 11.106 . gan luighe araen ar éinphioll, O'Gr. Cat. 367.19. nách áil lighe acht ar chuilt chlúim, IGT Verbs ex. 665 . go dtí leam lighe do Dhia `may God let me rest', Aithd. D. 58.2 .

Of the sun, setting: taithneamh gréine i ngar dá loighe, PBocht 9.13 . ón cheidesbart go luighe ghreine ar n-a bharach, Parrth. Anma 3564 .

Of birds, perching: atconcadar braineoin ┐ badba ┐ ethaidi aeóir . . . ag laidi arna corpaib, ZCP xiii 243.11 . enlaith Erenn do luighe arin mbile sin, BNnÉ 89.25 . Of animals: is feis cach l.¤ , Laws iv 78.8 . Of dust: ar luighe ceo ar ghrís, Content. xiv 19. Note further: is i no marbad in trichait dia figrann (leg. fidchrann?) dia liugu, Fing. R. 1010 and n. 0 dá phudhair luighe gach lis two misfortunes causing prostration, DDána 73.12 . iar luighi a finnfaidh for a bód bunnremar barrdaíngenm (a lion), Études Celt. i 91 10 . Fig. of mystic espousals: más luighe trír dleaghair díom `I may espouse all three', PBocht 9.2 .

(b) With prec. prepp. With I and possess.: lying, in lying position as opposed to standing and sitting; resting, sleeping : suidigis inna liugu amal bid inna chotlud no beth. Irish Texts i 34.4 . nar ablad na ṡuidiu nach ina ligu that he might not die seated or lying down, LL 14045 ( RC iii 181.28 ). ina ṡeasam ┐ ina laigi (of pillar-stones), Ériu ii 26.9 . in lin tallat na suidiu ni tallat 'na ligiu, MR 56.23 . tig 'n-a luighe ar leic a dalta came and lay on her Son's tomb, DDána 30.29 .

Also prostrate , often as a result of violence of distress: gach huili dhúil do beith 'na luighi la homhun, RC xxviii 312. 6 . bátar inn arrachta huili inna ligib, Trip. 194.24 . na dee-si no-t-cuireb-sa uaib iat, co mbet fo-m chosaib i n-a lige, PH 762 . ech . . . in n-a laige fo eri, 5846 . ro chuir ina loighi for lár (of felling trees), CCath. 1783 . con-da-acca inna crois[fh]igil in hi ligiu ossí oc irnaghti, Irish Texts i 2.21 . sluagh na lighi a gcosair chró, IGT Decl. ex. 48. Cf. ina laighi laech-miled lying as a conquered warrior, MR 270.17 . In certain contexts sick, confined to bed by ailment : galar do gabail Tairrdelbaig . . . , co raibe fada 'na laighe, RC xviii 154.16 . othar blíadhna luidhe Guill `a sick man for one year—so long was Goll in bed(?)', Duan. F. ii 316 § 64. Note: tecla l.¤ .i. duine sirg. Doloris alicujus absque vulneracione `bedridden person', BCrólige 8 . Fig.: tír 'na loighe tír Dá Thí afflicted, DDána 93.3 . Note also: a mbeth na l.¤ ris in cinaid `lies imprisoned for the crime' (`liability for', Plummer MS. notes) Laws i 106.21 Comm . gach nidh d'á n-aibeoradh do chur 'na luidhe ar a phobul to impress on his people, Keat. i 62.26 . With OC = ina ligiu: mé ag loighe is mo chneas ar clúmh, Dán Dé xxix 2 . iomdha ag loighe, . . . / aréir san bhaile a mbímís, Studies 1924, 85 § 2 .

With follg. prepp. With AR: Of occupation, work, applying oneself to: más é díoth a aithearraigh / tug ortsa luighe ar mhíbheirt, L. Cl. A. B. 288.22 . luighe ar mo psaltair nár chleachtas im bhuachaill, Keat. Poems 1435. Of lying on a dead body as form of mourning: dom choeniud ┐ do llige form, Rawl. 130b33 ( ZCP iii 3.11 ). ar éise a croidhe do chrádh / sámh léi-se loighe ar a laogh (of Virgin), Dán Dé ii 24 . it luighe a Mhoire ar do Mhac / is dá Mhuire oile iomad `fainting over', vi 16 . Note also: cuirfiom luighi ar Lios Túathail . . . 's loighi ar ghoirm-Leic, Ériu ix 163 § 9. Fig. oppressing : Mac Muire ní doilghe dhó / luighe oirne ná orra. Dán Dé xxv 18 . is ineagluighthe dhuit a lámh throm do luighe ort, TSh. 3473 . air ro batar na saerchlanna ac laigi forsna ferannaibh i rabatar sum, ZCP xi 60.22 . aen dib do bai ac loigi fair do inta som fris, Ann. Conn. 1230. 7 . tiug an tsluaig do loigi air the main force pressed him hard, Ann. Conn. 1398. 5 . mo bharr moirne ag duine dhíobh / ag luighe oirne d'imshníomh. L. Cl. A. B. 111.24 . Legal: laige co tren for ferund forcible entry, Laws v 432. 5 Comm .

With DO submitting to: tar éis luighe dá fhlaith neamhdha / do mhaith uile a ndearna dó (of Peter), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvi 8 . With FO: ag loidhe fan éagóir uirthe `pressing against the odds on it', Studies 1923, 599 § 14 . With FRI, LA cohabiting with: laige fri bangrád, LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). bean do-chuaidh libh do loighe, Aithd. D. 64.18 . an bhean do iarr loighe lat, TD 29.68 . gach aon-fhear léi-se ag luighe, Keat. Poems 1133. Fig. act of agreeing with, being well-disposed towards : searc na cléire íad re aroile, / 'siad re chéile ag loighe leó, L. Cl. A. B. 251.60 . car mhiste dhuit féile leamsa luighe `if bounty shared her couch with me', Ó Bruad. ii 36.3 . Cf. mór espa do láech / laigi fri súan serglige to yield to, LU 3518 ( SCC 28 ); 'to lie in sleep of wasting sickness' SGS vii 59 . laige re nīth (ndíth, v.l.) to yield to, ML² 1276.

(c) In various phrases with adj. or defining gen.: loighi aeisi dho in loighi a dtá old age, Acall. 1375 . seal san lathaigh, loighe an doill, DDána 50.4 (reference obscure). imgaibh luighi claen is col unlawful intercourse, Acall. 589 . i llige chro expl. of crólige, BCrólige 1 n. 1 . o domrala il-ligi leoin illness, ZCP vi 263.11 . ná tuit fri l.¤ lesce sloth, Imr. Brain § 30 . l.¤ séolae, l.¤ siúil lying-in, lying in childbirth, childbirth, childbed (cf. II): rosalt asa lighi siúil / Conaire, Metr. Dinds. iv 58.7 . dobi a bean ina luighe seola ar mbreith deisi mac dí, Fier. 197a . dobhi bean in eathaigh . . . ina luighe seola, 203 . dol dḟios na Rioghna ata ina luighe seóla iar mbreith deise mac, Ériu v 166.41 . Cf. luidhe travailing, delivery, Eg. Gl. 573.

With obj. gen.: cach uimme ag loige a laime plying him with blows, BB 44b57 .

Perh. in phr. copán laoidhe: gan cead do bheuth ag aoinneach uirid an chopáin laoidhe do chungbháil i n-aon áit . . . a mbiaidh m'oighreadha `guest-cup(?)' (night cap?), Maguires of F. 93 (i.e. to offer any hospitality at all?). Cf. 97 .

In obscure phr. léim luighe (final leap(?), death-throe ? Cf. sense II (b)?): foccus duid do leim luide, Irish Texts ii 55 § 40. mar rug léim luighe fan lic / fa géim na hoighe [má heilit] (Mary at tomb of Christ), DDána 27a.24 . beir leat sinn . . . / dom anmain gomadh léim loighe, 25a.23 . go rug fan lia a léim loighe `lying leap' (of Christ), PBocht 17.2 . rug in maith ar a lēim luighe, O'R. Poems 3600.

II

(a) bed, couch : l.¤ gl. torus, Sg. 52b10 . l.¤ gl. hic lectus, 107a4 . intan nombíth innaligiu, Ml. 55c19 . baoes (= bes) beith inda ligiu `it may happen in bed', Mon. Tall. 63 . dobérat Ulaid a mná dóera chucu i llige, LU 5613 ( TBC-I¹ 1134 ). i lligi la mnai Find i taidhe, Corm. Y 1018 (87.17) . ni chotlu leth na h-aidche im ligu, IT i 79.15 . techt hi ligi `going to bed', Laws ii 124.19 Comm . ben ar-a-dala fer cuice i muine no l.¤ , v 272.8 . bidh lighi tren ┐ truagh, Lism. L. 3512 . ragaid mac illigie a ath[ar]. ragaid ath[air] alligi a m[ei]c, ZCP xii 406.28 . ? messam laidi lethard, ACL iii 230.155 . nibi i fledaib na lígaib fris-gní, Wb. 27b3 .

Of dogs kennel, lair : nirbo cuingi ime a lighe chon, Anecd. ii 72.8 .

(b) Fig. grave, flat burial space (as opposed to fert, lecht): íccfaid drucht a ligi, Fél. Ep. 224 . nábad airdairc a ligi, LU 2793 . in corp roláad . . . / for l.¤ lór Helessé, SR 7182 . cach fert ┐ cach lecht, cach lia ┐ cach ligi, TBC-LL¹ 5704 . is samlaid atá in ligi. ┐ cloch bec fo thalmain na airthiur ┐ alaile na iarthur, LL 3845 . ní hadnaghar og lighiu fir no mna, O'D. 2375 ( Rawl. B 506 45b ). tri duirn a h'úir deirg . . . / d'úir ligi leptha Cíaráin `from the bed of clay where C. lies', Metr. Dinds. iv 84.64 . isat ili . . . / a ligi ┐ a lechtáin, 134.32 . loc di cetamus l.¤ Fergusa maic Roich aitt in rohadnucht ar Mag nAi, ACL iii 3.3 . batar imdha leacht ┐ laighi laech ┐ curud gan chend don fobairt (`lairs'), Aen. 3052 . cia in feart do claidhead go mór . . . / a fhad is méd a luighe / uime atú da fhíafraighe `burial space', Duan. F. ii 32.2 . cía in feart dona / ga ffuil in luige fada, 32 § 1.

In legal phrase: a nastudh ara ligi, O'D. 2295 ( Rawl. B506, 28a ) (if children of doubtful parentage have not been affiliated before the death of the putative father, Plummer MS. notes).

In nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

1 mann, mand

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mann, mand or dil.ie/31543

n [ā, f.?] an ounce (of metal), an ingot? mand .i. uinggi unde dixit Fachtna mac Sencha: secht manda oir forloiscthi, Corm. Y 877 = mánd . . . manna, Corm. p. 29. mand .i. geal .i. uinge brúinnte, ib. mann .i. uingi, O'Dav. 1224. Lec. Gl. 450. O'Cl. mand (mann v.l.) senainm na hunga, Forus Foc. 58.

2 mann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 mann or dil.ie/31544

Forms: mainn, mann, mainn, mmaine, mainn

n ā, f., (< Lat. manna) Mid.Ir. mainn.

(a) manna: n s. in mann , Wb. 16c25 . d s. ar in mainn , gl. mannae, Ml. 124d1 , cf. 97d10 . g s. inna mmaine , 98a6 . m.¤ .i. cibus celestis , O'Dav. 1234. manna .i. in maind, LU 979. mainn, gl. manna, Ir. Gl. 299. hi prím doratad in mand | do maccu Israel tall, LB 247b48 ( KMMisc. 158 ). rodo-sās don maind blaith, SR 4065 , cf. 4303 , 4337 . tuccad in máind do nim, PH 1714. in sássad nemda . . . .i. in maind taitnemach, Ériu ii 198.13 . Transf. of consecrated wafer: cech firian ro chaith . . . an mhain[n], RC xxxvii 348 § 53.

(b) in wider sense of food, sustenance: marclach cruidnechtæ . . . din maind ro senaig do nim isin disiurt uas Druim, Trip. 240.13 (`a horseload of wheat that had dropt like manna' Stokes; = ad instar mannae Colgan). — Hence prob. O'Dav. 1234 : m.¤ .i. cruithnecht, folld. by O'Cl. m.¤ gach biadh bunaidh, Metr. Gl. 23 § 9. m .i. biadh, O'Cl. In Laws Comm. in formula: cen mann (mand) cen biad, Laws i 270.28 , 30 ; 288.15 ; 296.12 . cen maind, v 464.21 (in all cases of fodder for cattle).

(c) hence generally sustenance; abundance, blessing: a `god-send ', often folld. by defining gen. and glossed by imbed. m.¤ .i. imat . . . mand eisc . . . .i. imat eisc, O'Dav. 1233 , cf. 1234 , 1270 . bratan cacha ardmand .i. bradan ass gach imat bis ann, Eg. 88, fo. 2va ( O'Curry 2144 ). ni mór m.¤ na bliadna so, H 3.18 394 marg. inf. (quoted ZCP xiii 144 ). manna mārmesa mārfeda `süsse Manna des grossen Waldes', ZCP xi 92 § 17 (= O'Dav. 1234 ). buaid cuirmthige . . . co mannaib moraib midchuartae, 93 § 28 . Fig.: ba gaire gúr cach clainne | ba múr mainne Moninne, LL 371c24 . Samthann fri soillsi sainmann, 365 marg. sup. = ZCP xiii 144 , transld. `mit herrlicher Lichtfülle', but sainm.¤ seems to be in apposition to Samthann; perhaps a special manna (gift, aid) for enlightenment; cf. cain glanmann Dé dúilig | Samthann Clúana Brónaig, Fél. Dec. 19 (quoted O'Dav. 1234 ).

mogaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mogaigid or dil.ie/32447

Forms: mogaigthe, moaigthe

v g. increases, makes great? ni aenan maen moaightear i setaib (.i. ni hinand mogaigus maine), Laws iv 20.5 , 24.6 . ? vn. g s. man mogaigthe dagdaine danaib (.i. matan métaigthe na dégdaine), LB 241a23 = moaigthe, ZCP iii 223.5 ( Amra Senáin § 3 ). ? .vii. mogu mogaigthi fri morgnima mugsaine, Corm. p. 29 s.v. mand = moigfite morgnimu, Bodl. Corm. See móaigid (perhaps same word).

mugsaine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mugsaine or dil.ie/32684

Forms: mugsini, mugsaine, mughsaine, mogsaine

n , f., (mug) bondage, slavery; service of a slave. d s. assa mugsini , Ml. 123b2 . mugsaine, Corm. Y 886. mughsaine, gl. famulatio, Ir. Gl. 882. othrus mugsuine fodailter fo miadh (.i. in ti dia tabair monur lai, fodhuilter suire in fir sin fo miadh) `sick-attendance to workmen', Laws ii 36.7 , 9 . m.¤ ┐ daeropair, TBC-LL¹ 1759. vii. mogu fri morgnima mogsaine, Corm. p. 29 s.v. mand . mogsani ┐ dairsini . . . do denum, Cog. 142.17 . condam-fil i moghsaine ar serc nDe (said by a monk), BNnÉ 303.2 , cf. dognith mogsine Dé ic fognam do Dia, ZCP iii 223 § 5. is é [sc. Pátraic] forúaslaicc moxaine na nGoídel do Demon, Trip. 32.5 . moghsaine Gaedheal fá Lochlonnaibh, Keat. iii 2752. fá mhóghsaine na bhFomhórach in servitude to the F., i 184.68 . (as quasi-vn.) co mboí Crist fen oc mogsaine do Muire ┐ do Iosep `was obedient to', PH 7397.

muiresc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. muiresc or dil.ie/32780

Forms: Muirsce, Mursce

n f. (< muir-ṡesc, cf. sescann, seiscenn) a low-lying coast-land, a sea-board ; a name given to more than one stretch of coast in Ireland. morbrugi Erend .i. Brega Midi Muresc Murthemni, FB 32. Esp. a maritime district in Co. Mayo (mod. barony of Murrisk): hi Muirisc Aigli, hoc est campum inter mare et Aigleum , Thes. ii 267.27 ( Ardm. 13b1 ) = Trip. 322.24 . i mMuruisc, AU 602. a Muirisc, Ériu iv 96 § 24. a Muriusc [sic fcs.] na marcc | cosa thathig tond taeb[b]alc, LL 211b44 . g s. Muirsce, AU 602 , 706 . Mursce, 682 , 734 . cath Cluana mín-Murisce, LL 17a10 . Mag Mureisce, 211b48 . meicc Matæ Murisce, CRR 5. Máta Murisc, TBC-LL¹ 55. trí Mane Murisce, 5908 . Mand Muresci, TBC-I¹ 2163. See murrasc.

N

Cite this: eDIL s.v. N or dil.ie/32894

Forms: nin, n, n, N, n, nn, n, n, nd, nn, nd, nn, nn, rn, rd, n, ln, ll, -nl-, -ll-, n, n, n, N, n

was the fifth letter of the Ogham alphabet, and was called by the name nin ` ash-tree '. It was the last letter of the first aicme or letter-group, of which the first two were beithe (b) and luis (l), hence the whole alphabet was often called beithe-luis-nuin; see Auraic. 976 , 1171 , 2806 , 5505 .

In Irish script n, medial or final (rarely initial) is commonly expressed by a horizontal stroke above the preceding letter.

1. Irish n is of four kinds, according as it is unlenited or lenited, non-palatal or palatal.

N is unlenited in the following cases: when an absolute initial; in the combination sn; in gemination; after r; before a dental (d, t). In these cases, (a) when followed by a non-palatal vowel, it is a dental, produced by pressing the flattened tip of the tongue against the upper teeth, (b) when followed by a palatal one, it approximates to the sound of gn in Ital. ogni, Fr. ivrogne. Unlenited n is ordinarily written nn in medial and final position.

Lenited n, (c) when non-palatal, corresponds to the ordinary European pronunciation of the letter; (d) when palatal, is a weakened form of (b). Cf. IGT Introd. § 8 , where apparently `.n. trom' = unlenited n (ceann, corn, coirndearg) and `.n. séimh' = lenited n. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 152 § 95 , Thurn. Hdb. § 132.

2. In loan-words from Latin, n remains; if final in the Irish derivative it appears unlenited, e.g. mulenn < Lat. molina.

3. O.Ir. nd, medial or final, passes into nn during the Mid. Ir. period; e.g. bendacht (Lat. benedictio), cland (Lat. planta, W. plant), find `white', `hair', gránde `horrible', lend, lind `liquid', mind `diadem', proind (Lat. prandium), rind `point, star' = Mid.Ir. bennacht, clann, finn, gránna, linn, etc. This change occurred early in the case of the art.: np. inda, Thes. ii 47.24 (Philarg.), indá, Wb. 20d5 , beside inna, Thes. ii 247.16 ( Cambr. 38a ); but it is indicated in other occasional spellings in the Glosses, e.g. claínn, Wb. 5b33 ; finnae, gl. pilorum, Ml. 72b16 ; linn, Tur. 109a ; proinn, Wb. 28c20 ; pronn, 31b22 ; rinn (np.), Ml. 145d3 . The spelling nd, though no longer corresponding to the pronunciation, continues in use in Mid.Ir. beside nn, and is somet. substituted for nn in words where the latter is the orig. form; e.g. cend, crand, land, mann, rand for cenn (W. pen), crann (W. pren), lann (< Lat. lamina), mand `manna' (Lat. manna), rann (W. rhan). Occas. final rn appears as rd (prob. a mistake for rnd due to omission of the compendium for n), e.g. ocht ṅdúird, LB 63a28 ( IT i 40.22 ) = nduirn (dorn); cartt, ZCP ii 314 x (=carn).

4. Medial ln is assimilated to ll, a change which begins in the O.Ir. period; e.g. élned `pollution' (as-len-), Wb. 11b9 = eilled, Ml. 22b1 ; dun elled, 92d12 ; part. éilnithe, Wb. 31b29 = eillidi (gs.), Ml. 63a16 ; do fuillned (fo-lín-), Ml. 26c6 = do fuilled, 69b6 ; nud-comálnabadar who shall fulfil it, Ml. 46c20 , beside -comallammar, ib., -comallas(atar), 105a6 (< comlán). Similarly -nl- becomes -ll-: brollach (< bron-lach, cf. bruinne and 1 brú, gs. bronn), fiallach (< fian-lach), tellach `hearth' (cf. 1 teine `fire').

Coming between two other consonants n often falls out, e.g. áildiu (< *áilndiu), superl. of álaind `beautiful'; ní cumgat, 3 pl. pres. of con-icc (3 s. ní cumaing); aisdís, forgaire, frecdairc, scríbdid, variant spellings of aisndís, forngaire, frecndairc, scríbndid. See ZCP v 1.

5. Initial n is occas. prosthetic, due either to orig. eclipsis of an initial vowel, e.g. Dún n-Áis (= Dún Náis, mod. Naas?), Loch Nén, (prob. = Loch nÉn), or to influence of the art.; for prob. exx. see Nairmein, 1 nairne, nangtha, napa, ? 1 nena, noll; the word nuimir (Lat. numerus, O.Ir. umir) is prob. a learned re-formation. Conversely, an initial n may be dropped through being assigned to the art.; cf. es `weasel', 3 úall `cry, wail', úna `famine', with 1 nes(s), 1 núall, núna.

6. N marks nasalization of initial vowels and initial d, g, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 261 fg ., Thurn. Hdb. § 237 , and IGT Introd. § 8.

7. In Mid.Ir. n is oft. used in the formation of adjs. in -ach, -aide, abstract nouns and denom. vbs. on the analogy of forms in -ach, etc. derived from n-stems; such derivations are found beside forms without n; e.g. bendachtnach, bennachtnach(bendacht, gs. -an); bertnaigid `shakes, brandishes', beside bertaigid; créchtnaigid `wounds' (crécht); machtnaigid `wonders', beside machtaigid; mainnechtnach, -naige, beside mainnechtach; mairgnech `lamentation' (mairg); malartnach, -naigid, beside malartach, -aigid; neimnech `venomous', neimnige`virulence' (neim); nemnaige `sanctity' (nem).

scuirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scuirid or dil.ie/36693

v (scor) IGT Verbs § 58 .

I Trans.

(a) unyokes (horses, etc.): scurid in gilla na eochu, LU 8533 ( FB 39 ). scurtir a n-eich, LU 8832 ( FB 62 ). scoirit a n-eochu, TBFr. 57 . ni arlacair Medb . . . ara scorthea a eich, TBC-LL¹ 409 . scuirther a graueidiu (= graige), ZCP viii 103.15 . Note also: noch scuirid a carru, Laws v 260.16 . ? ceithri heich ailius scurtair soer sealba, iv 18.23 (cf. 382.14 Comm . under (c) infra). scorit a cairptiu, LU 9038 ( FB 79 ). gur scuireadh a scafa re sleasaibh an chuain till his boat was moored, Ó Bruad. iii 174.8 .

(b) hence with ellipsis of obj. (cf. II) unyokes, encamps, comes to a halt : scorsit cen chuit fainne | for dind flatha finde `unyoked', Fél. May 17 . scorsit ┐ gabsit dúnad, LU 1650 . scuirit hi tir Chuirc for arbur, Anecd. iii 60.2 . scorais oc Grellaigh `encamped', AU i 428.17 . nī scoirtīs cen immaire | rīg nā rīgdomna aca, RC xiii 393.y . scorais a longport oc Topar G., AFM ii 588.10 . ni ro cobrastair in sruth dia n-ítaid . . . cia ro scuirset uime, BB 494a35 = no scoirset, Alex. 657 . sguirsit ann in Cruithnigh | for tuirtibh tri maighe `settled themselves', Todd Nenn. 138.3 . laoch na scor nár scuir chum scíse who never laid aside the harness of war to seek repose, Hackett xxxix 109 .

(c) releases, sets free : scurthar saor selba .i. curthar na fofir go tochus is in feronn the property of a freeman is released (?), Laws iv 382.14 Comm . (cf. iv 18.23 under (a) supra). ? colaind crochsus, | sgoirsiss for faill finna taebha, ZCP viii 198 § 16 . fuighleach [dar] fágbhadh 'n-a créachtuibh | an cíogh trom an tráth do sguir when the breast released the blood still left in its wounds, DDána 32.32 . Usually with follg. DI: com-gnim scuires in leth eile do chechtar (sic leg.) de `equal responsibility detaches the half from each of them', Laws i 178.26 Comm . noco scuireann adbar ni dfir duisci cause does not diminish the liability of an inciter, iii 158.12 Comm . in ní scoires de in fer bís ina [manchuine] what the man . . . relieves him of, 174.10 Comm . nocha sccuriobh-sa lámh diob ica sraigleadh, TBC-LL¹ p. 635 n. 6 . o rascuirsed na Tiabanda na frasa sin de `when the Thebans discontinued these showers (of missiles) from him', TTebe 4238 . nogo scuiredh a scís dé `that he might put his weariness from him' (perh. intrans. that his weariness might go from him), Ériu iii 158 § 10 . dá chluinsin . . . | sguiridh rí Uisnigh fhilidh the king of U. sends away the poets listening to him (i.e. they do not go of their own accord), L. Cl. A. B. 73.56 . tú sguirfeas cách dá gcogthaibh, TD 21.16 . ní scuirdis in t-ech dia rith cu mba scíth hi did not rest the horse, Marco P. 96 .

(d) stops, brings to an end, finishes : na scor a dhilsi `do not stay (dissolve, annul?) his ownership', O'Dav. 823 . scuirid cat[h cairde] do gres, ┐ noca scuirenn bescna, Laws iii 216.12 Comm . o rascuired sin `now that done by them', TTebe 2465 . sguir . . . t'ábhacht, DDána 67.15 . na cairrge fá mhuigh Macha, | fairrge do sguir a sgucha a sea which has curbed its restlessness (?), L. Cl. A. B. 75.138 . foireand a toigh Th. | nach sgoir doineand duibgeimrid whom bad weather does not hinder, IGT Verbs ex. 507 . do sguirfeadh sruth locha láin (of God), Dán Dé xxvii 28 . sccuir an muilenn, BNnÉ 27.1 . sguir do bhéal a sheanóir shuairc, Oss. iv 54.13 .

II Intrans. Cf. I (b) supra.

(a) ceases, desists, comes to a halt : ? scīth | scuirsit limm lāithe aui Chuinn crōlechtaib `traurig bin ich dass die Krieger . . . sich auf Blutlagern zur Ruhe begeben haben', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 3 (scuirset, MS. See also under scithlim). scuiread cach ath 's cach indber `let every ford . . . cease to vie with it' (Inber mBúada), Metr. Dinds. iii 420.32 . sguirim fodesta, ar rosgribus chena é (scribal note), Rawl. B 512, 41b (cited Plummer MS. notes). scuirim go aimsir oile `I pass to another time' (in a chronicle), CS 14.10 . sguir desist, DDána 53.3 . sguiridh in fiabras `the fever ceases', Rosa Angl. 190.4 . ro imthidh . . . ┐ nir scuir co rainic tempall na ndee, Stair Erc. 76 . go nar sguireadar acht agá sraoighleadh, ML 132.21 . nír sguireadh . . . gá fadógh, Magauran 4008 . ni scurit do sir ag eadarguighi in aein-dia never desist from, ITS xix 38.29 . Note also: scuirid [a cliatha] catha dermára díbh `their . . . battle-hurdles give way', CCath. 1890 (cuirit, v.l.). cor trascair [C.] Mand fón corthi coro scor i mminagib so that he was broken into small fragments, LU 6721 ( TBC-I¹ 2180 ) (or trans.?). in Niall sin . . . | ra scuir in loch finn-glan faei the lake . . . opened beneath him (?), Ériu x 87 § 98 .

(b) with follg. DE: scurem din gaisced sa fodesta let us cease fighting, TBC-LL¹ 3564 . nir scuir dind fhognam `she ceased not from the service', RC xxiv 190.11 . o rascuirsedar da n-imrud, TTebe 1943 . sguiridh an sdair dhe go fóill `the story leaves him for a while', Ériu v 188.450 . nir sguirsit do'n sgainnir, Celt. Rev. iv 120.14 . andsa bliadain si róscuir Beda don croinic . . . do scribad, RC xvii 235.12 . níor sguir dá dhíbheirge dhíobh ceased not to plunder them, TD 7.40 . sguiream . . . dod theagasg, Content. ix 11 . níor sguireas . . . dom dhoighníomh, DDána 25a.13 . scuir dínn is taraigh dot tigh leave us alone, IGT Verbs ex. 231 . puirt luatha . . . | sguirim uatha dá n-áireamh I will enumerate them no further, Dánta Gr. 72.36 . an trat scuires se don tarraing sin when it ceases to exert that attraction (of the moon), Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.28 . coná ro sguirsed do'n treathan, MR 256.11 . Note also: scuir ó fheirg, Psalms xxxvii 8 .