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Dacherdda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dacherdda or dil.ie/14101

 

indecl. npr. m. mac D.¤ , LL 201 b 52 . mac Dacherda, 209 b 43 . mac Dacerda, BB 213 a 42 . Often with the article: in Mac Dacherda, Ériu v 34 sq. Interchanging with Mocherda and mocu Cherdda, ib. 28 sq. , Macherda, 36 .

Dalon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dalon or dil.ie/14446
Last Revised: 2013

 

pn gen. npr. Cainnechus mocu D.¤ , Thes. ii 280 . Cainnech mac ui Dalon, Fen. 286. 19 .

Druidi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Druidi or dil.ie/18857

 

Forms: Mocu D.

n.pr. m. (?) gen. Mocu D.¤ , Thes. ii 276.14 (Adamn.).

maccu, moccu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maccu, moccu or dil.ie/31187
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: moccu, mocu, maccu, macu, maccu, maccu, macu, maccu, mocui

subst. invar. See A Guide to Ogam 119-20 , Éigse xxviii 44, 50-1 . A word belonging solely to the O.Ir. period, always used in apposition to a preceding npr. (occasionally a place-name) and folld. by another npr. in gen. case. Acc. to MacNeill, Ériu iii 42 fg . the combination moccu + gen. is equivalent to ` belonging to the gens or family of', the follg. gen. being the name of the eponymous ancestor; in Adamnán's Vita Columbae it is frequently preceded by the abl. gente and possibly its use in Irish after a npr. involves an ellipse. The latest contemporary use in AU is in the year 690, the last instance in 789 ( comotatio . . . Mochuae micu [= macu] Lugedon). Latest contemporary use is in 9th century in Mart. Óeng (see Éigse xxviii 43-44 ). The oldest form may be mocu , frequent in Adamnán; maccu is usual in L Ardm., macu and maccu in AU; generally written with contraction m̅c̅. In the Mid.Ir. period the word was often changed by writers who no longer understood its exact meaning into mac uí, mac úa (common forms in Mid.Ir. MSS., see variae lectiones in Fél.) and by mod. edd. it is often printed as two words (so nearly always in AU); Marianus Scotus translates it by filius nepotis ( Todd Lect. iii 17.17 ).

Exx. from Lat. lit.: Fintenus gente mocu Moie, Adam. VC i ch. 2 ( Thes. ii 273.4 ). presbytero . . . Ernani filio gente mocu Neth Corb, ib. Lugbeus gente Mocu m.¤ , i 28 = Thes. ii 275.14 (cf. Lugbeum Mocu Min, i 15 = Thes. ii 274.20 ). Trenanum gente Mocu Runtir, i 18 ( Thes. ii 274.30 ). senex . . . gente Mocu Firroide, iii 23 . de Erco fure Mocu Druidi, i 41 . Miliuc maccu Bōin, Ardm. 9a2 ( Thes. ii 262.11 ). filium Milcon maccu Boóin, 11a1 ( Thes. ii 264.28 ). Muirchu maccu Machtheni, 20b1 ( Thes. ii 271.34 ). hi nDruim Moccu Echach, 5b2 ( Thes. ii 260.22 ). Luguid Mocu Themne, Thes. ii 281.8 . To Channu Mocu Fircetea . . . To Cummi Mocu Cein, ib. 9 , 20 . de . . . fide Dubthaich maccu Lugir, Ardm. 20a2 ( Thes. ii 271.27 ).

From Irish lit.: Dubthach maccu Lugir, Ardm. 18a1 = Trip. 344.7 ( Thes. ii 241.6 ). Cronan macu Loeghdae (sic leg.), AU 637. Dolaissi maccu Imde (sic leg.), 638 . Colman maccu Delduibh, 653 . Comgan macu Teimhne . . . Baetan maccu Cormaicc, 663 . Daircill maccu Rētai (i.e. of Dál Rétai = D. Riada), 677 . Cronan macu Chualne, 690 . Colmán maccu Béognai, Fél. Jan. 22. féil Gobbáin . . . maccu laindrech Láne, Dec. 6. Mellan Inse húasle Maccu Cuinn (Inchiquin in Lough Corrib), Feb. 7 ; cf. June 14 , Oct. 11 and 30 . do shíl moccu Crecca, Ériu iii 138.100 . do Gubrith moccu Buén, 139.134 . Mōin mocu āin Augaini 'M. aus dem Geschlecht des edlen A.', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 7 § 4 (macco, maccu, macu, mac ua MSS.). Háonna macui Laigsie, ACL iii 1.9 . Cluain maccu Nois: gen. Cluana maccu Nois, AU 788 , 790 , 867 ; C. macu Nois, 813 ; but Cluain mic N., 547 , 548 , C. mac N., 817 ; Cluana micu N., 584 , 693 , miccu N., 834 , mic N., 598 , 870 . For other exx. in place-names see Hog. Onom. s.v. Moccu.

In Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 2 Meyer reads: mocui Chuinn . . . machta `die Nachkommen Conns sind erschlagen' as if n p.; MSS. have m̅c̅ hui, m̅c̅ hu, m̅c̅ h.

Used absolutely of a single individual? tiucfa macu dochum domhuin . . . fer tren tuachail, ZCP viii 196 § 21.

1 nia, niae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nia, niae or dil.ie/33151
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Nioth, Neth, niath, niäd, niath, niad, Nia, niaid, níaíd, niad, niaid, nia, niaid, níad, nia, níad, níathaib, niad(h), niadh, niad-

n d, m. a warrior . For a discussion of the origin of 1 and 2 nia see MacNeill, Ir. Ogham Inscriptions, PRIA xxvii C 15 p. 369 fg. ; Peritia v 140-43 ; ZCP viii 185 ; x 405 fg. g s. O.Ir. (in npr.)? Nioth, Thes. ii 267.39 , 269.34 (< Ardm. 14a2 , 15b2 ; acc. to Pokorny ZCP x 404 this form represents 2 nia). Neth, 273.7 (Adamnán), archaic form. Niath, 274.38 (ib.). niath, 8.38 (Aug. Cr. 26v5 ). ind niäd , Hy. v 71. Mid.Ir. niath, TBC-LL¹ 2630. TBC-I¹ 1967. niad, pass. Nia, LU 7685 (npr.). d s. do niaid , TBC-I¹ 1646. ra níaíd , TBC-LL¹ 3410. n du. na dā niad , TBC-LL¹ 3768 = dá nía, St. n p. niaid, LL 190b42 . tri nia , BDD 134 (= LU 7786 ), niaid v.l. g p. tricha níad (: tríath), LL 206a51 = nia , Acall. 465. níad, SR 4085. d p. níathaib. LU 9319.

Later often written niad(h) in n s. (so almost always in Cóir An.). a s. cin niadh , LL 393b19 .

In O.Ir. the word was a disyllable, cf. bebaid and in rignía, ZCP xiii 377.4 ( B. in Scáil 14 ). ar ulc fri fraicc ind niad, Hy. v 71. fidchell Cremthaind niaid [leg. niad] Náir, LU 1103. LL 121b51 (see below); all heptasyllabic verses.

In Mid.Ir. treated as monosyll.: iar cathaib iar nithaib níad, SR 4085 (7 syll.), cf. TBC-LL¹ 604. ní hopair niad náre, TBC-LL¹ 3275 = TBC-I¹ 2465 (6 syll.), cf. TBC-LL¹ 3410 and LL 44b36 .

In compds. the form niad- is used.

A warrior, champion , apparently used somet. of a recognized or professional champion in attendance on a king or chief; confined to heroic romance and poetry.

nith .i. guin. Nie in fer dodgní, Corm. Y 973. nia .i. trenfer, 978 ; same gloss Hy. v 71 Comm. , LL 44b36 , 208a30 , 377b16 , BB 119b27 , Metr. Gl. Ff. 23 , O'Cl. níadh .i. trén, Cóir Anm. 106 , 180 , 192 . is ionann nia is gaisceadhach nó tréinfhear, Keat. ii 3644 . 6273 . in nia, SR 6827 (of David's captain Joab). nia tire, ZCP viii 311.25 . ba niad side, ba fenid, YBL 179b32 . Glas mac Luinde . . . nia sin Fiachach Sraiphtine, BB 358b4 . am niadh frí huair iorghaile, Todd Lect. iv 98.13 . cless níad, FB 51. cride níad, SCC 38 ( LU 3848 ). ferg niad, TBC-I¹ 2179 , cf. 1706 . nasc niad, Corm. Y 978 (see 1 nasc). naidm níad, TBC-LL¹ 604. nert niad, Aen. 2569. Huatu o tat noí maic niat[h] in cach bailiu, ZCP viii 334.20 (techn. term?). ro batar cethri niaid do chlaind aicce .i. Uathnia ┐ Druthnia. Cáinnia ┐ Deochnia, LL 190b42 . catha Fosta ba forrach niad, LL 44b36 .

As abstr. = strength, valour? da mbeith do nert nō do níagh, ZCP x 301.25 . Possibly also in follg. exx. from B. na f.: Oisin ro chan indsin . . . ar nia na mucci, IT i 163.6 = LL 208a22 (note follg. a poem on a monster pig). mu leo úam ḟaesum dum niad, IT i 163.4 ( LL 208a21 ) = dom niadh, Ed., where the glosses .i. ar mo chommus féin, L., .i. mo bhoill as comairce diob nert, Ed., seem to include the word niad.

In compos. with a preceding noun: bār-nia lond Labraid princely champion, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 7 § 2 = barniad, Rawl. 118a11 ; bar (.i. sai) nia (.i. trenfer), LL 377b16 . Cf. bár níad, Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 433.12 ). grithniad, MR 170.10 (g p.). rignía, ZCP xiii 377.4 . frisin rígnia, Alex. 55.

As fictive npr.: imda Nia ┐ Bruthni, dā foss mési Conairi, BDD 127.

Folld. by a gen. or adj., freq. as sobriquet or even npr.: Níad in Chairnn the Champion of the Cairn, Cóir Anm. 276 (sobriquet of Cormac Conloinges). Níadh Corb, 192 , cf. Mocu Neth Corb, Thes. ii 273.7 . Carpre Nia fer, CRR 19. in regno Coirpri Nioth fer, Thes. ii 267.39 . d'airsciu Cairpri Niod fer, LL 121b51 (7 syll.). do choígedh Choirpri Níadh fer, Cóir Anm. 205 (7 syll.). Crimthan Nía Nár, 106 . Nía Naí nGraínde, 119 . Nia Segamain, LL 129a8 . Cóir Anm. 26 (Niadh). nepos Niath Taloric, Thes. ii 27 4.38 . Cf. mac Nioth, BB 149d35 .

See gnía.