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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

aiccidit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiccidit or dil.ie/762
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aicíd

n [i, f.] (Lat. accidentia, see GOI § 918 ). Later aicíd (with voiceless -c- and unlenited -d.)

(a) accident (gramm.): ní a.¤ sibi calléic, non accidens sibi. . . , Sg. 71b10, 11 . ní fail nach na.¤ taibsed sainred litre, 6b25 . ataat andsom acciditi coitchenna `there are there common accidents', 71b9 . inna aicciditi gl. accidentia, 190b2 .

(b) accident, quality (philosophical, etc.): bídh . . . ag gach créatúir . . . nádúir ┐ subsdaint . . . ┐ aicíd . . . as é as subsdaint . . . don duine bheith 'na ainmhidhe résúnta . . . aicíde dhó bheith gerr nó fada, láidir no lag, Mac Aingil 2826 . aicíde, nádúir ┐ nuimhir na bpeacadh, 2833 . tri gnée aicídeadh nó circunsdainteadh, 2837 . aicíde an fhíona mar atā blas, boladh, dath. etc., Parrth. Anma 3012 . aicidedha arain ┐ fiona, faoi a bhfuil go firinneach corp ┐ fuil ar ttighearna, Luc. Fid. 249.7 . ona haicidibh ud an arain ┐ an fhiona, 254.6 . mar as contrardha in taicid ┐ in tsustaint da celi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 66.26 . do réir inaid ┐ aicídi ┐ cúise, O'Gr. Cat. 185.15 . aicidi na hanma mar ata fearg ┐ fuasnaid, 23 P 10³, 2b9 . o na h-aicidib noch bis a coimidecht in fiabrusa incidental ailments, RC xlix 4 § 2 .

(c) accident, attack of illness ; disease: is olc ind accidit `the disease is grievous', MacCongl. 95.14 . bas, tinneas ┐ aicideadha oile, Luc. Fid. 233.4 . an tan thuitios duine go prab a n-aicíd thindis, Mac Aingil 2556 . ar an aicíd uathfásaicc . . .i. an bholgach Fhranngcach, Párl. na mB. 1285 . taraingios mímheasardhacht bíg mórán aicídíghe ┐ éagcruais ortha, 1197 . drochaicid, Ériu x 153 . lucht na haicīde sin `people afflicted with that disease', Fl. Earls 132.z . Extended use affliction, distress: mo lán-chreach ghéar a haicíd (of Ireland), O'Rah. 14.1 .

aignes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aignes or dil.ie/941

 

n u and o, m. (aigne) arguing, pleading; argument: lathar n-aigniusa, Laws v 100.z Comm. fiach aignesa fee for pleading, 412 note . mórán slecht aighnesa air sin, iv 258 note . gin ro airdi cin ro isli im aighnes, i 296.37 Comm. ordug[ad] . . . aignesa ┐ toicheda, O'D. 924 ( H 3.17, c. 656 ). graid aignesa, O'Curry 344 ( H 3.18, p. 19b ) = graid aignechta, O'Curry 1011 (ib. 429a). 'na hacchaid nir iarr aighnes, BNnÉ 196 § 22 . tuigid cách an t-aighneas úd (of an action for possession of chattels), Dán Dé ix 21 . déanadh Muire . . . aighneas liom an lá bhus díor plead on behalf of me, x 9 . cion uirre ní haighneas doirbh `it is easy to prove sin against it', xix 1 . léigfead beagán aighnis uaim / do dhearbhadh a ndubhairt mé `arguing', Content. v 2 . is feárr ciuine ná lúmparnach aidhneasa `lubberly contention', Ó Bruad. i 74 x . aighneas ceinn-treun, Donlevy 178 n.l . do cuimhnigh aidhnis in Tigherna di advice, counsel , Smaointe B. Chr. 2516 . Perh. also: o rochuala . . . I. in aines-[s]a doroine I. ris `when Jove heard the prayer', Aen. 758 . As quasi-vn.: báttar ag ceassnucchadh a ccaingen ┐ ag aighnes ima n-accarthaibh for aroile arguing their claims, AFM vi 2166 z . do ghabh Conghal ag aines fair disputing with, ITS v 156.27 . bí ag aighneas let fhear cumainn (to Mary), Dán Dé xv 14 . d'aighnios ris to reason with him, Job ix 14 .

ailbéimnigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailbéimnigid or dil.ie/965

 

v (ailbéimm) stumbles: oilbhéimfid mórán na measg ┐ tuitfid, Isaiah viii 15 . With DO causes offence to: biaid F. i bfechtnaige móir nó coro ailbéimnige sé do A. until he offend A., SG 403.26 . co ro oilbeimnig do Adamhnán, TFrag. 74.z . Vn. ailbemniugud do Dia `to offend God', PH 2354 .

aimríagail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimríagail or dil.ie/1142

 

n (ríagal) unruliness: do hinnseadh mórán d'easumhlacht ┐ d'aimhriaghail oraibhsi, Maguires of F. § 51 . See ainríagal.

aimríata

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimríata or dil.ie/1146

 

Forms: ainríata

adj (1 ríata). Also ainríata. untamed, unbroken, wild . Of oxen, horses: samalta comchubrech daim amríata, LL 12638 ( RC xiv 404 ). miaslach . . . daimh anriata, Laws ii 200.5 Comm. (cf. ZCP xv 242 ). for dā damh naimhriata, BNnÉ 327 § 49 . aige altamla anríata, TBC-LL¹ 1351 . do ríarainn a neich óga aimhríata, Ériu v 190.476 . tri .l. ech anríata, RC xiii 68 § 72 . ar eachroidh . . . aimhriadhta, Fl. Earls 88.23 . Other applications: móran d'ionadaibh aimhriata i gcéin ó bhailtibh cuan (in which wine cannot be procured), Eochairsg. 93.27 . réna cor ó bheith aimhriata undisciplined (of the body), TSh. 1879 . Eirictonius anriata `unsubdued', TTebe 3766 .

Ainticríst

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Ainticríst or dil.ie/1551
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Aintcríst

pn m. Also Aintcríst Antichrist: amail aimsiges int aintcrist indi cāich (of the devil), ZCP xii 368.18 . an tainticríosd . . . morán d'ainnticríosduibh, 1 John ii 18 . sgél ainntecrisd annso . . . Diabul . . . a curp daena .i. antecrist, Lism. L. xix 19 . fā fhoirrneart na n-Ainteadhcrīosd, Carswell² 38.1285 . Cf. Ainc(h)rist.

airchrécht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchrécht or dil.ie/1765

 

n (crécht) severe wound: gur chuir mórán a n-úirchréachtaibh . . . díobh, CRR² 72.8 .

Almain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Almain or dil.ie/2997
Last Revised: 2019

 

n.loc (-áin?) (Lat. Alemannia) Germany: san Almain, RC x 188.32 . in Almain, ITS xix 2.13 . do siblaigh móran do thírthaib in domuin mar ata an Fraingc ┐ an Almain, ZCP ii 2.5 .

anmacnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anmacnas or dil.ie/3667

 

n (macnas) excessive desire, lust: mórán d'uaill ┐ d'anmhacnas, TSh. 8550 . anmhacnus, Donlevy 80.9 .

anmain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anmain or dil.ie/3668

 

Forms: fanamain

n f. IGT Decl. § 10 , Verbs § 73 (anamuin). Also fanamain. Late vn. of 1 anaid (cf. anad).

(a) act of remaining, staying, waiting: d'anamhain ní headh do-chuabhair you did not mean to stay, DDána 26.3 . a haitreab . . . anamna its place of abode, CF 54 . denaid anmain ḟoistine, KMMisc. 313.21 = ainmne as foisdine, BCC 384.15 .

Freq. with prepp.: anbhain innti caic[idh]is, AU iii 116.20 . gan anmhain a Sigil not to have remained in Sicily, Aen. 2345 . do chum anamhna . . . san ttaithnemh do-gheibh san drochsmuainedh, Parrth. Anma 2621 . do chum anamhna da dheoin féin os cionn an drochsmuainidh to adhere to, Ó Héodhusa 180.7 . dothairges-sa moran tigerntuis dó do cinn anmuna agum `if he would remain with me', ZCP vi 290.2 . do madh ail lib anmuin farum to stay with me, KMMisc. 315.11 . ag fanmuinn re hAlasdar waiting for, Rel. Celt. ii 188.12 . anmhuin ré n-áireamh uile . . . ní ḟéadaim `I cannot . . . stay to count all', Content. xxix 27 . anmhuin uainne `staying away from me', Ir. Review 1912, 517 § 6 . sochuidhe . . . don tsluagh d'anmhain ón turas soin a number of the host did not go on that expedition, Keat. iii 3131 . adbur / . . . / a gcáir uadaib d'anomhain the reason why they are deprived of their rights, O'Gr. Cat. 408.11 . do bhí seisin na áonar ag fanmuin a muigh ón rioghacht `he alone stood out from', Rel. Celt. ii 204.15 . tug orra anmhain amuigh `charged them to remain abroad', Keat. ii 51 . ní hanmhuin dh'eineach desisting from, O'R. Poems 766 . anmhain bliadhain ar an bhfásach to remain a year in the desert, TSh. 4897 . Fig. ro aéntaighsiot dá gach leith anmhain ar na coinghellaibh sin `to abide by those conditions', AFM vi 2074.15 . gan a.¤ ar th'impidhe without attending to thy request(?), Dán Dé xv 7 . anmhain ort an uair do saoileadh / ag sin a thráth tig do ré when you think you can rely on yourself, DDána 26.9 . nirb ail leis . . . anmain gan dul co fianaibh Eirenn he insisted on going, CF 405 .

(b) act of stopping, staying: do curfeadh anumain eigin ar an allmurach who would delay the foreigner somewhat, CF 716 . sochar . . . mBanba . . . créd adbar a n-anamna? why are the privileges of Ireland withheld? O'Gr. Cat. 408.7 .

anmórán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anmórán or dil.ie/3691

 

n ( mórán ): an tan do chosnas a chuid bídh . . . anmhórán dhó `costs him too much', Donlevy 166.8 . droichiomchar . . . anmhóráin do na catoilicibh, ix 20 . anmhórán do chríosduighthibh `a vast number of Christians', 478.2 .

atam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. atam or dil.ie/4563
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: atom

n also atom o, m. (Lat. atomus, see Du Cange ) atom, smallest division of time etc.: di huáir deac ┐ iiii brottae ┐ unga ┐ atom̃, Thes. ii 10.7 (BCr.). se hadaim lxx. ar tri ceadaib in ostint, MR 108.8 . Of measure: cethra hadaim fichet in grainne `twenty-four atoms to the grain', Laws v 18.9 Comm. urina athomosa . . . .i. an fual ina mbí morán adamh, 23 K 42, 130.14 . atomi .i. cuirp mar adoimh, 179.15 . an t-adamh ghabhas tré ghréin `the mote in the sunbeam', A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 2 . ? an triún fa tréine 'sgach glonn / do stiúr Éire gan adom, L. Cl. A. B. 275. 104 . d'ḟagháil attomha d'ḟás a n-athardha, Ó Bruad. iii 90.15 . ní ḟacadar attomh budh damhna cáis, 118.3 . Cf. dadam.

becán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. becán or dil.ie/5517

 

Forms: becain

n o, m. (bec) IGT Decl. § 35.

(a) a little, small quantity: b.¤ gl. pauxillum, Sg. 14a12 . Études Celt. xi 110. gl. paululus, 48a3 . ar na hernigther mar i mbec, Laws v 476.28 glossed: moran i bail i ndlegar becan, 478.31 Comm. dobeir begán dobeir mórán / is dobeir in fichid marg, SG 287.1 . tucc Dīa sonus for beccān bíd, BColm. 60.16 . morán . . . beagán, 2 Cor. viii 15. so cenn begain aimsiri `in a short while', Stair Erc. 258. begcan dergci innti, Maund. 71. begān glōir do budh mōr neimh a small voice (lit. a little of a voice), ZCP viii 223.6 . le beagán do shásadh, DDána 20.26 . beccán becc íarna thionntúdh = a little after, RSClára 16a . began ┐ én mhile amhain `a little more than one mile only', Mart. Don. May 20. a few, a small number: in becan sa dib these few of them (at end of list), LU 2486 ( RC iv 256 § 25 ). in becan ro batar those few, Cog. 176.29 . cenmotha in beccan Cristaige, LB 154a 33 . tāinic Eōgan begān soc[h]raidi `with a few' (Gloss.), ML² 407. becān do maithib a muinntire, 921 . Eoin Bruinne is a bheagán ban, Dán Dé xx 37 . gluaissit begān buidhne `proceeded with a small company', Fl. Earls 20.10 . lé begán briathar `in a few words', AFM v 1716.10 . As adv. a little, slightly: fri Dísiurt Lóchait antúaid bican ( bicon, TBC-I¹ 772 ), LU 5249. codail begán begán beg, Duan. F. i 84.1 . iníslighid begān, RSClára 105a . In phr. do b.¤ : in mac taisigh rob ferr do bí i nErinn do beagan that was no doubt the best, AU ii 550.9 . na biadha ┐ na deocha as measa do bheagan (= parum deterior potus aut cibus), 23 K 42 , 22.7 .

(b) little one, child; humble, lowly one: indat blaithe beccain (: Breccáin) `little ones', Fél.² Sept. 4 . becain .i. humiles , cxl . Note also: obsa becan (? of a horse) a little fellow (?), IT iii 68.1 .

beiretas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beiretas or dil.ie/5585
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, [m.] (beirid) bearing, bringing forth (?): birid .i. cráin .i. muc bheiriotais, O'Cl. lair bearatais, Études Celt. xii 539. Of a human child : is fiú mo beiritus mórán do míleadhaibh do macaibh 'my child is worth many thousands of sons', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 173 § 25 . See beireatas, Dinneen .

berbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. berbad or dil.ie/5697

 

Forms: beirbiud

vn. of berbaid. Also beirbiud.

(a) act of boiling, cooking: doberid íasc . . . ┐ caithit can berbhadh é, RC xxiv 380.9 , cf. Ériu ii 130 § 99. ar an usci dageib moran da ber[b]ud `water that receives much boiling', Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.17 . bearbhadh a mbí inntibh d'íasg `as much water as would cook its fish', Bard. Synt. Tr. 9. 197.15 .

(b) act of smelting: mar sigemnaig builg oc b.¤ míanaig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.30 (s.v. prúll). ag a bhearbhadh (of gold), Keat. ii 1913. Fig.: ní dú bearbha (: ealbha) dom bhinn `it is not meet that my fame be scorched', Ó Bruad. ii 138.19 .

See beirbiugad s. beirbigid.

blasta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blasta or dil.ie/6079

 

adj (-ae) io, iā (blas) pleasing to the taste, sweet. Of food and drink: imon maind morblastai mormaíníg, BB 242a20 . iar mbiadaib b.¤ (blaithib, v.l.) Parthu[i]s, MacCarthy 62.26 . do chomét búar mb.¤ `sweet-fleshed cattle', Metr. Dinds. iv 196.24 . b.¤ cech lind lán, MacCongl. 37.26 .

In more general sense pleasing, fair: Eoraip b.¤ ` charming ' ( PRIA xvi (1885) 242 ), LL 16352. Of language, speech: le mórán do chaint bhlasda = fair speech, Proverbs vii 21. aruid bhl. bhinn a gracious . . . greeting, IGT Decl. ex. 627. ag dubhshlogadh na beatha sin go blasda with a relish, PCT 649.

breth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breth or dil.ie/6758
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: brith, -e, breith, breith, -e, breith

ā, f. vn. of beirid. O. Ir. also brith i (with g s. in -e) (?), see GOI § 294 (b) , 727 . Later usually breith (d s. form). breith, f. g s. -e, IGT Decl. § 14 (69.6) . breith, Verbs § 13 . m., Beatha S. F. 1088 ; but breath in the sense `judgement´, Ériu lviii 154 ..

(a) act of carrying, bearing : fer brithe lésboiri gl. acolitum, Wb. 25d3 . asrous iarom a brith they were unable to bring it (a small pig), LU 1743. tōet nech ūaib . . . dia brith to carry it (a vessel of milk), ZCP viii 310.9 . a corp du brid taris syr da adhnacud `his body was borne eastwards over sea', Ann. Inisf. 1260.4 . teachtaire . . . / re breith sgéal `to bring messages', Dán Dé xiv 1 .

(b) act of bearing, bringing forth; parturition, birth : b.¤ et altram , Wb. 10b1 . óg re mbreith cen chuit cleithe, / óg i n-aimsir fírbreithe `a virgin before bearing', Blathm. 639 - 40 . co mbeba dot breith (: chleith) / do mathair, LL 18503. ar thrumme inna brithe, 33190 ( Fraech 107 ). saer bru beiris brith `that brings forth', Laws iii 312.20 Comm. mar mhnaói ag breith = that travaileth, Isaiah xiii 8. re linn beirthe Chríost, Keat. i 46.23 . breith . . . ar Slánuightheora, Donlevy 448.10 . glasgeg darach fo brith `the green branch of an oak in bearing', RC xxiv 196 § 11 (see Cín Chille Cúile 99-100 n. 117 ). deich nuain do breith in aoínḟecht d'aon chaoiridh, AFM iii 608.7 . Med. womb : dortadh fola . . . on breith (= matrix, Vocab.), Rosa Angl. 26.3 . no a muchad na breithe ac mnaim suffocatio hysterica (see Gloss.), 92.3 .

(c) act of carrying away, taking (with one) (opp. of tabart), Frequ. with LA with ref. to logical subject of vn. phr. In physical and abstract senses: mad fíu lib mo ainechsa do breith less, Wb. 14a4 . a b.¤ ┐ a tabairt `its taking and its giving', Laws iv 48.1 Comm. nir lam didu nech do feraib Herenn a b.¤ leis `durst carry him away', RC xxiv 190.15 . rinn a bhaise do bhreith lais, Dán Dé xv 33 . gorta dom brith, Irish Texts i 35.26 . mórán . . . nach feudfadaois do bhreith leó (= non potestis portare, Joh. xvi 12 ), Eochairsg. 14.17 .

(d) act of carrying off, securing, winning (a game, etc.): breith nó caill na glóire `the gaining . . . of the glory', Donlevy 186.7 . fá bhreith . . . na maithiosa saoghaltha (= gain in Span. text), Desid. 2762. in ferann uile do breith don ingín a dualgus bancomarbais `all the land is obtained by the daughter', Laws iv 40.20 Comm. See díriuch, techtugad. Note also: sdíoma bruit h'eich imtheachduigh / dá breith dhuit re ndonnchorcair you prefer the fringe of your horsecloth to (a) crimson (robe) (?), IGT Decl. ex. 121.

(e) act of carrying off, away (from, etc. with meaning limited by prepp.): inna fecheman .i. do breith neich assom (dobreithnechtassom, MS.) gl. depraedationi . . . creditorum, Ml. 127b1 . mo máthair do brith a cacht to take . . . from bondage, Ériu iv 98.2 . ar iss ed a cert-som a findtid do breith ar fine (Comm.) `to hold their family-land against the fine', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 151 .z . brith in chísa út díbh, RC xxvii 294 § 58. ní inchoisget sidi ní iarna ṁbrith onaib rannaib frisṁbiat `after being taken from the parts of speech', Sg. 202b3 . dot breithsiu úanna `to carry thee off from us', Mon. Tall. 153.27 . nir' āil dōib a thaissi do brid dō ūaithib, ZCP iii 35.9 . cia forúair a mbreith chucca? `who caused them to be brought to her?' Metr. Dinds. iii 386.11 . mo breith co hArdmacha (my body) to be carried to A., Cog. 200.26 . A. . . . dom breth co sid sogar `A. . . . to bear me to gainful peace', Gorm. Aug 29. ba cōru ind eich uccu[t] do breith dond espug, ZCP viii 106.22 . narbo cuman lia muintir si a breith leo do Cill Dara `did not remember to bring it (sc. a flitch of bacon) with them to K.', Thes. ii 339.15 . ind aiccend do brith for antepeneuilt `the bringing . . . on', Sg. 216b1 . iarna breith sech ingru / for dindgnu secht nime, Fél. Ep. 119. da breith for nem to bring it (sc. the soul) to heaven, ACL iii 216.6 . a mbrith i ndoiri `to carry them into slavery', Ml. 33c13 . dod b.¤ i tech péne `to bring thee into the house of pain', Ériu ii 222.7 . dia mbreith in óitith `to bring them (back) into youth', Sg. 63b6 . gá breith a ceann choinghleaca (a horse), IGT Decl. ex. 1187.

With DO, FRI act of referring (to): a brith do israheldaib `its reference to the Israelites', Ml. 36c20 . 36c21 . 37a10 . á brithe do iudaib `of its reference to the Jews', 37a6b . a mbrith fri corpu peccatorum `to refer to etc.', Wb. 13d4 . a brith frisa ndliged remeperthe, 23c11 .

(f) bre(i)th for (ar) act of catching up on, overtaking : drem . . . do breith forro i mB. `came up with them at B.', Ann. Conn. 1260.14 . ticedh sī do breit a mbethaidh orum `let her come if she would find me alive', ZCP vi 99.14 . go bhfanfaidis re sgéala do bhreith ortha for news to reach them, Celt. Rev. x 142.14 . ba geis do flaithibh Temrach eirge ngreine do breith forra alla astigh do shecht múraibh na T., BNnÉ 324 § 39 . iar mbreith do chéd tosach an geimhridh ┐ don oidhche fa da fair `when . . . the beginning of winter . . . has set in', AFM v 1792.16 . oibre . . . ar nach fuil breith uair oile for which no other time can be found, Parrth. Anma 2411. ní fhuil breith air gan díommbuaidh gcatha do bheith ort `there is no avoiding defeat for thee', Keat. iii 936. fa bheith . . . ag breith amuigh ar an Eagluis Romhanaigh censuring (?) the Roman Church (lit. catching out ), Luc. Fid. 2818. ag breith ar láimh ar Dh. taking D. by the hand, Desid. 638.

(g) act of judging, deciding; judgment, legal ruling, interpretation: immess fírían do brith for cach, Ml. 103c15 . bím do bhreith le bior an troighigh / nach reic[h] cion an oinigh orm, IGT Decl. ex. 812. Frequ. in figura etymologica: is ón spirut rouiccius brith, Wb. 9b6 . éitset frisin precept et berat brith fuiri gl. diiudicent, 13a11 . berid cách brith for arele gl. suspiciones malae, 29b9 . ber brith étrunn, Ml. 38c28 . á rí beres bretha, Fél. Ep. 416. ag breith breithe, RC xliii 8 § 2. ergc co C. cor-ruca brith fort, Ériu ii 222.4 . a ghníomh do fhlaith béaraidh breith a prince's deeds shall judge him, DDána 91.9 . Note further: na bretha scribatar and in æpistolis , Wb. 17b2 . am gáeth i mbretaib, LU 10287 (TE). cosnum a breithe o ro-sn-uca `to defend his decision when he has given it', Laws v 252.9 . imtiagad breatha ilbruige, 466.15 . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse ┐ screbtra, 452.20 . satharn do brethaib, Críth G. 547. a mbreith údair `in the decision of an author', Leb. Cert. 204.14 . In titles of legal tracts: Breatha Comaithcesa, Laws iv 68 . ZCP xv 315.12 . bretha dein checht, Bretha § 1 . córus breatha neimead, O'D. 2189 (Nero A vii, 132a). See neimed. breith le báidh a partial decision, Content. vi 176. do chuir Molaise do bhreith aithrighe air dul i nAlbain `imposed as penance on him', Keat. iii 1358. ruc Ioseph doib . . . / breith cóir foran-aslingthe interpretation , SR 3270.

(h) In phrases: tuc a b.¤ fen do braigdib dó whatever hostages he wished, RC xviii 274.14 (Tig.). asbert Mugain frisin mbancanti dobérad a b.¤ féin di día mbenad, etc. whatever she liked, LU 4223. fuair Ráth bhoth a breath leannáin `R. obtained its chosen love' (in appointment of prelate), Arch. Hib. i 96 § xii . gon ar breith (sic leg.) dhó (gan air a chumas, v.l.), BNnÉ 158 § 11 (see Éigse ix 272 ). ata gach uile ní ar breith (no comas) don tí creitfes = omnia possib[i]lia sunt cre- denti (note f.), ITS xix 44.22 . ná bíodh ar breith a úabhair `let him not be led by pride' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 26. 219.22. tabhram fad bhreith / . . . / nua na calla `let me put 'neath Thy power', Dán Dé xvi 8 . an maor do bhí ar gach mbaile / tug Brian fa bhreith a dtoile `placed beneath the authority of its folk', Content. v 75. ní nár dhuit dol fár mbreith-ne `to yield to our judgment', vii 16 . Note further: tíachtain tar do breith `to transgress thy judgment', Ériu iv 134.22 .

(i) With various nouns: is fer bret[h]i budi ┐ oirbiri `a man great in thanksgivings and in upbraidings', MacCongl. 87.9 . is cóir buidheachas do bhreith ré Dia `to give thanks to God', Donlevy 6.15 . eolus do breith ann `to find out the way thither', MR 276.14 . breith do roghuin . . . diomoladh na neolghach d'fulang, tar a bheith dorcha air chách preferring , Donlevy xxii 16 . See 1 enech, robud. céim do bhreith tar Chambrens ag cáineadh na n-Éireannach to go a step beyond Cambrensis, Keat. i 40.8 . See léimm. Note further: d'aicsin Dé is ní dom breith buan `to see Him, not to save myself', Dán Dé xxvi 41 .

? b.¤ .i. sith no cain, aprobio a greig, pax uobis a laidin, sith no si[th]cain a gaoidheilg, O'Dav. 323.

Compds. With nouns: a breat[h]aga (: lethḟada) time for judgment, ACL iii 235 § 20. bráthchæi .i. brethcheo ǽi, Corm. 7. re bhreithcheirt a breitheamhan ` justice ', MR 102.16 . ar bhéin re breithionnadh (breitindead, breith fionna, v.ll.) mbreath, LMuimhneach 425.293 . cét mbó mbrethlaind `a hundred well-selected cows' ( Corm. Tr. 26 ), Corm. Y 179. ? Cf. búalann. robae ar brethlaind Midi immuig / M. . . ., Rawl. 164b11 . na brethlaind `in his place of judgment' ( Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 30 ), LL 23969. fāeisidi . . . / cona brethlogad as bind confession . . . with Absolution, ACL iii 237 § 24. F. . . . / barr uas brethraind bithbuadaig, LL 15939. báire breath-sholuis gacha bréithre, MR 108.18 .

With adjj.: buaidh mbreatha (inbetha, v.l.) breathadh- bhail, IT iii 57 § 107.10 . firinne bruinnti, bretheamhanda, breth-fhuaslaictheach ` redeeming ', MR 98.18 . ainm bechtglan (breathglan, v.l.), ITS xxxv 94 § 11 .

1 cáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cáil or dil.ie/7706

 

n f. (Lat. qualitas, Wortk. 172 )

(a) quality, property : isna cáilibh nadura = in qualitate naturae (sic leg.), O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ). foladh ┐ . . . c.¤ substance and quality, O'Gr. Cat. 254.27 . is ó'n tsubiecht gabus gach quail tosac[h], 259.29 . co fuil gach uile corp . . . cumasc[th]a as a cáilib féin, 246.23 . in tan gabtar in fín . . . a c.¤ laidir, 215.10 . cail gotha `quality of voice', Auraic. 601 . tria chail na tr. n-indsge, 3774 . is ed inchoisces qāil ind ḟocail as locusta .ii loco sta , ZCP xii 370.12 . do réir cháile ┐ chaindigheachta bídh, TSh. 8067 . ní fuil órd cailidh (cailli, v.l.) ná métaighti ar pianaib ifirn, De Contemptu 2593 . an t-aran d'ithe 'n-a cail fein, BCC 438.11 . c.¤ na persan `condition of the person', RSClára 68 § 1 . fir fa ch.¤ a gcionaidh, DDána 98.7 . créd hí an cháill shonuis do bhí oruibh blessedness, Galatians iv 15 . ? iar cálaib (: fácaib) garb ro gáel gail, SR 6167 .

(b) characteristic, trait : cáile maithe anma, Párl. na mB. 40 . ní coimseach mo ch.¤ ó chorp, PBocht 11A. 25 . is beg oram c.¤ na mban I do not like the ways of women, Duan. F. i 85 § 12 . go mbíd cáile sna hainmhinntibh . . . budh inleanta dona daoinibh, TSh. 2626 . an ch.¤ ón ceanamhla sind, O'Hara 1331 .

(c) repute, reputation : co clú is co c.¤ , SG 29.42 . cion ┐ c.¤ , AFM v 1630.5 . Í. Mh. as chruth-ghlaine c.¤ , Content. xxix 23 . inshluaghaidh a ch.¤ don coin, ZCP ii 344.12 `the fame of it (the deed) was as good as a hosting', Ir. Syll. Poetry 104 . cúirt go gc.¤ ar chócaireacht `famous for', Timth. vi 37 § 5 . ní c.¤ duit a bheith chomh h-uaibhreach, Hard. i 335.15 . Also cáile: an tí do raid is feas a ch.¤ ` fame ', O'Rah. 104.73 .

(d) measure, amount : dá mbeith c.¤ don éagcóir féin aige, Maguires of F. 25 . Frequ. with éicin some, a certain amount : go ffúair c.¤ éiccin ṡaothair ag sccríobhadh na Riaghla, RSClára 36.x . c.¤ éigin sholais do thabairt don aos óg, RC iv 355.2 . nō go ccodhludh cāil éigin, Feis Tighe Chonáin 38 . iomad re rádh re F. ┐ c.¤ éigin re P., Celtica i 93.190 . a gc.¤ éigin in some sort, Mac Aingil 156 .

(e) With prep. I N- way, respect; a mórán do cháilibh, Párl. na mB. 1838 . croinn . . . / nír mheabhoidh orrtha i n-éanch. in any respect, O'Hara 2462 . san ch.¤-sin in that respect, Desid. 4398 . créud í an cháill a rabhabhair fáoi eagluisibh eile?, 2 Cor. xii 13 . With AR: ní ar aon-ch.¤ amháin, TSh. 6488 .

(f) In conj. phrase i gc.¤ (co n-) so that : i gc.¤ go measaim, Hackett² xxx 29 . a gc.¤ gur taosga . . . , Mac Aingil 162 . With Vn. a g-cail a n-imrisin do t-slánughadh aturra with a view to settling their dispute, Hy Maine 161.35 .

caindebar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caindebar or dil.ie/7799

 

Forms: chaindebar, caindeabar

n o excrement; dust : con sephaind a channebor ass co mbo buadartha in t-áth día chacc, LU 6075 (chaindebar, TBC-I¹ 1602 , caindeabar, TBC-LL¹ 2250 ). candabar .i. cac, ut est cein bes tond a cinn fo channabar, O'Dav. 429 . seidid si . . . moran cannuir ┐ crefoigi . . . is in aer, Ir. Astr. Tr. 40.1 .

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