Search Results

Your search returned 29 result(s).

anúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anúas or dil.ie/3838

(1 ós) adv. stressed on second syll.

(a) from above, down; somet. simply above: itius anuas ┐ dusclaid anís, Ml. 102a15 . is anuas sennair (a harp), Hib. Min. 1.23 . canas tánic int armgrith . . . inn a haéor anúas . . . ?, MU² 513 . focoisled súas R. ┐ dolléced a.¤ co mmemaid a chenn frisin n-ailich, Trip.² 1507 . dolléici . . . sleig . . . dí a.¤ i.e. from the bank above the water, TBFr. 234 . súas dochum nime ┐ anuas, RC xiii 44 § 25 . mé tuc an t-uball anuas that plucked the apple, Ériu iii 148 § 3 . go ttuitfeadh se anuas chum iffrinn, Párl. na mB. 3103 . brechtān aníss ┐ anúass a roll of bread buttered below and on top(?), BColm. 84.7 . With prec. DI: it é side combidgtais in cath dia anuas, Alex. 569 . See also denúas. With FOR. Usually for . . . a.¤ lit. down on, in contact with from above . Later also a.¤ for . . .: ind uisci forind nim anuas `the waters that are above the heaven', Ml. 120d7 . boí ind ordnasc óir forsind éicni a.¤ the ring was on the top of the salmon(?), TBFr. 320 . a aithindeada . . . air anuas on top of him, TTebe 3144 . in bennachtsin . . . dobiursa . . . fort mullach anuas, LL 18538 , in t-éo óir . . . fair a.¤ (airsin anuas fogeba v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 3032 . ac toitim anuas for Ercuil, Stair Erc. 341 . sruth . . . síothchána do thuitim anuas oraibh, Párl. na mB. 281 . go tuiti an f[h]irmaimint anuass oraind, ML² 1379 . In sense of over and above, in addition: céd bruithne do dherg-ór farris sin anuas besides that, Ériu viii 139.19 . dam in n-inad cach daim et in Dond Cualngi fair a.¤ as well, CRR 24.6 .

(b) In chronology downwards: o feil Michel induas, LB 8 marg. inf. anuas ó aimsir na nApsttol ever since the time of the apostles, Desid. 4152 . anuas ó aois óigleanaibh, Dán Dé xvii 4 . o cath Muige Ratha 'núas, Cog. 110.14 . triúr anuas . . . d'Anna sa chraoibh choibhneasa, Dán Dé xi 12 . sé rígh ḟichead . . . / a.¤ ó Niall . . ., TD 7.46 . a.¤ go hAodh, 26.14 .

(c) In phrase do-beir a.¤ brings into a discussion, cites, quotes: tugsad anuas an oiread sin do bhríathruibh an sgrioptúir, Desid. 4649 . is iomdha sompla oile do fhéadfamaois do thabhairt anuas, TSh. 293 . is iomdha suidhiomh . . . eile do bhéarainn anuas, Eochairsg. 33.9 .

(d) In cross-reference to a passage higher up from one under discussion: a trede asrubart a.¤ , Wb. 10d2 . is hed dosaig a.¤ , 15a22 , 23c23 (see Sarauw, Irske Studier 81 ). opus in cúrsagthaso a.¤ , 14d6 . isind almsan arafocair a.¤ , 16d7 . rotracht som riam anuas forsin canoin se `he has commented before above on this text', Ml. 121a8 . cesad Stephain in-sin anuas written above, PH 1482 . is hé in so anūas miniugud crōibe coibniusa na Bretc[h]a, ZCP viii 299.31 . With FRI: rinn anuas above (in a book), Laws i 16.z . See anúasan, -ana.

1 ardarc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ardarc or dil.ie/4058

n (a) request, petition: danam tora m'a.¤ , TBC-I¹ 2278 = danam thorrsed m'a.¤ (airrderc v.l. St.) / cinnfet, cun cup comnart, TBC-LL¹ 3080 . ardharc .i. aiscidh no athchuingidh. Petition, also a gift, present, bounty, gratuity , P. O'C.

n (b) a.¤ dligid legal claim(?); `some special grace or concession made by the law in consideration of special circumstances, privilege ', Plummer MS notes: gellta dib . . . di athgabail .i. acht ma ro bí a.¤ dligid ann, Laws i 66.14 Comm. imanadh in roi . . . .i. muna roib ardurc dligedh ann, i 252.25 Comm. ma ro baí a.¤ dliged ann is i eiric tucad ann, iii 86.3 Comm. uinge dergo[i]r ar da buaib decc ┐ in tescra ar vi buaibh acht maine raibhi a.¤ dlighidh ann, O'D. 2373 ( Rawl. B 506, 44d ). muna roibh ardurc dlighidh issed sin dorala ann, 114 (H 3.17, c. 91). mad ro baoi ardur[c] dligid ann is amlaidh dlegar athgabail . . . do gabail . . . mun roib ardurc ann is cert caich amail a nert, O'Curry 2361 ( Eg. 88, 28 (29)a ). acht mad ro bui ardur[c] no deiden dligid, 2363 ( Eg. 88 28 (29)b ). With other qualifiers: is e sin arrdarc ina meth, O'Curry 597 (H 3.18, 294) = ardrag, 1825 ( 23 Q 6 47 a ). anadh dechmaide air . . . im crich, ┐ ardrac (sic) muige do isin crich tall . . . la taeb na dechmaide `extension of time granted on basis of distance' (Plummer MS notes), Laws i 192.21 Comm. = a.¤ muigh, O'D. 86 (H 3.17, 73). ni fil a.¤ taiscedh a taiti set there is no request to restore his stolen `sets' (?), Laws ii 88.21 Comm. ? airecht fodesin . . . ard arcan imodtoisi, ZCP xii 360.9 . See aurderg.

breóad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breóad or dil.ie/6726

Forms: brëud, breód, breódud, breud

n earlier brëud u and o, m. Vn. of *breóaid. Later breód, breódud (breóg-). breud (disyll.), SR 879.

(a) act of burning: a teinidh brātha breoïd (deoïd), Ériu iii 30 § 11. a robhriudh, § 14 v.l. ar robo torrach hi ┐ asbert fria muntir a breoad ┐ arai nir lam a mmudugud fri Cond, LU 3186 ( RC ii 90.8 ). nó lastais . . . na [sen]longa lasamna 'arna mbréo[ad] do pic ┐ do geir[id] ┐ do céir `aflame with pitch, etc.', CCath. 2143. deich ccéd etir bhreodh ┐ mhudhucchadh ro marbhadh and `by wounding' (burning?), AFM i 510.22 = eidir braid, CS 162.4 .

(b) act of enfeebling, crushing, injuring. Cf. brúd (bruüd) with similar meanings: 'ar mbeith da bhrigh chorparda 'arna breoghadh `being crushed', BNnÉ 158 § 11 . bruic . . . ┐ míolta . . . muige arna móirbhreogad (by the savaging of hounds), SG 307.29 . isna teidhmibh troma . . . lé ndéantur an duine do bhreódh leis, TSh. 2405. an briseadh ┐ an breódh . . . do-bheirid daosgarshluagh . . . an diabhail ar na hanmaibh damanta, 6261 . do briseadh an chos . . . / is níor bh'iongnadh a breodh, Keat. Poems 1400.

Compd. is iomdha gleacaidhe is gaiscidheach . . . / tháinig díobh do chlaoidhe 's do bhreódhghoin who came away . . . sorely wounded from them, Hackett xxvi 56 .

brothchán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brothchán or dil.ie/7024

n o, m. (brothach) broth, pottage, soup, gruel: b.¤ as chóir duib ní bíad bes [so]nairt, Wb. 33c15 . is bó bias úaimse fria b.¤ , Irish Texts i 35.29 . atcota brothcain (brochan, v.l.) bithnert, Anecd. iii 12.14 `pottage begets lasting strength', RC xlv 65 § 45. co tothlugud m-brothc[h]āin .i. sengroith `to the appetite of pottage—stale curds', MacCongl. 99.18 . beirbid in brocdan, BB 236b5 . iter brothcan ┐ ass ┐ arbhar (a monk's refection), BNnÉ 300 § 3. dorónadh brochán aísi dí agum-sa a life-giving broth, Mer. Uil.² 263. bo do-sum . . . lia brotchan `a cow . . . together with her pottage', Ériu v 34.21 . Legal: ingert bruthcán `preparing medicine', Laws i 268.5 . bo brothcain a cow (with milk ?) for pottage, v 260.4 .i. bo bis ac frestal duine galair, 14 Comm. losa brochain cacha muige `pot-herbs of every plain', 486.13 .

1 ceisid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ceisid or dil.ie/8517
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cesaid, cesacht

v Also occas. cesaid. IGT Verbs § 78 .

(a) complains, grumbles : Sdeaphan mór tré dhochar ndis / Pól dá chlochadh is níor cheis, Dán Dé xxvi 54 . a ben na cuile, ná ceis, Laud 615 87 cited Meyer Contribb. Prov. ceasann an bolg lán, Hard. ii 399.8 . ? scīath rígh Muige Tulcha Lis / cuire cumtha cīa nār ceis?, ZCP viii 227.18 .

As a rule with FOR (AR). (b) Of thing complained of: uair ni chesend nech dib som for a focraic fein `since none of them grumbles at his own reward', RC xxv 246.22 ( LU 2654 ). mad ar a būar cessed nech, ZCP viii 217.23 . as teann cheisim ar mo dháil, KMMisc. 354.25 . ar chrechaib nīr cheis in fer `never complained of having to make raids', Ériu xvi 162 § 21 . ar [chlaoine] na gclann ná ceis `complain not of their waviness', Magauran 956 . an uair cheise ar an gcroidhe `when thou lamentest thy evil heart', Dán Dé xviii 21 . ro c[h]eisedar na flatha ar n-a fedhmannaibh, ML² 1730 . With RE: ní cheis re comhrádh macaoimh 'she does not complain at the chattering of a child', Giolla Brighde 26 § 17 . In difft. idiom with words meaning fame , etc.: Midhi mac Bratha . . . / . . . / do ceis a tairm ar gach fini, / conad leis ainm Midhi moir his fame imposed itself upon(?), Ériu x 78 § 24 . leathar leis gach breath ma mbia / cá neach ar nach ceis a clú?, Magauran 3900 . Cf. sense (d).

(c) Of persons: ro ches air co mor = indignatur, TTebe 2514 . c.¤ in rí ar Fithirt finn, SG 367.38 . ní cheis mé ar a chloind d'ú Chréide, IGT Verbs ex. 699 . ? marb m'aes cumt[h]a ar nar ceis / duinn-e fa hurchra aindeis, BCC 390.7 .

(d) belittles, thinks little of, despises (see TBC St. 1447 - 8 note): cessis in caur forru . . . ┐ ba nefní leis a caingen ora maid in cath remi deemed them but feeble opposition, LL 32287 (TTr.). ceisis Medhbh go mor air iarna fhaisgin, ZCP viii 548.34 . Perh. also: [na] aonar [ar] cath [do] cheis, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 15 . In this idiom most freq. with menmae as subj.: tincais Medb ar Con Culaind ┐ cessis a menma fair `in her own mind she belittled him', TBC-LL² 1409 ( TBC St. 1447 ). rogabsat a ceill ar in slog . . . ┐ ro ceis a menma dul tarsu felt confident of overcoming them, BB 436a48 . ōtconncatar in becān slūaig . . . roches a menma forru, Fianaig. 78.1 . nir' cheis menma Fhinn ar an bhFhéin riam co sin a gcath ná a gcomhlonn never lacked confidence in, Acall. 1097 . cessis a menma cu mór forthu-sum, CRR 25 . nir-cheiss a menma na aicned na innithim forthu-sum, 27 . ro ceis menma D. ar Dal cCais ara nuaite, Cog. 212.10 . ro cheis menma cechtarnae dhiobh co mor forsan arccatt felt sharply that the money was inadequate, Hugh Roe² 282.z . With difft. prep.: is airesin . . . ro cheis menma Criomhthainn do A. B., Misc. Hag. Hib. 20.27 .

Vbl. of necess.: menip cesti for a eladain `unless there be a question as to his science', RC xxvi 17 n.4 . nibath cesta ar ar cloind, Fen. 320.y .

Vn. cesacht.

comlín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comlín or dil.ie/11437

Forms: cumlann

adj (1 lín) earlier appar. cumlann (O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 174), and approximating in use and meaning to comlann. Cf. comlunn .i. c.¤, ut est fo comlunn gena, O'Dav. 561 .

Equal number, as many (us. of persons): i n-irgail chuimlin `in a fight of equal numbers', Ml. 47c3 (see GOI 100 ). c.¤ caiptel cóemdae / fo lín laithe `a number . . . equal to the number', Fél. Prol. 295 . comlīn . . . do rīgaib . . . do Dāl Chais ┐ do chlaind F.M. an equal number of kings of the D.C. etc., Corp. Gen. 207.10 . athri comlin, BDD 86 = chumlund, LU 7548 = chomlond, BDD² 802 . in c.¤ sin do thotim leiss, LU 6494 .

With follg. rel. clause: ni raibe . . . coimlin ina mboi do Románcaib they were not as many as . . ., CCath. 5390 . an coimhlīn nā ro gap baistedh such of them as are unbaptised, Fl. Earls 176.23 . coimlíon i mbatar, Hugh Roe² 124.9 . In phrase fo ch.¤ in equal number, proportionately to the number : fo chomlin Crist ┐ a apstal, Vita Br. 12 . E. ┐ G. fá chomlin, LU 236 . muige do riaguil . . . ┐ fon coimlín do muighib beas eturrud, Laws ii 104.27 Comm. consáiter cath eturru fo chumlund . . . .i. secht cét di cechtarde in dá lethe with equal odds, Fianaig. 34.13 . do essith in cath fo chumlund `the battle stood', 17 . riu ni gabtha fo chomlin, Rawl. 77a17 . ni rímtís fo ch.¤ there was no agreement as to how many there were, RC xiii 448 § 36 . With ÍAR: iar c.¤ dóine ┐ múinter, PH 5100 . With DO: ni ra ḟuilngiottur . . . do'n coimhlíon so they had never suffered such losses, TFrag. 132.26 .

Predic. (usu. with follg. FRI): aris c.¤ són hi lín sillab fria bunad `equal in number of syllables to its origin', Sg. 60b8 . bit c.¤ fri fér gl. per feni . . . conparationem, Ml. 90b8 . c.¤ fri sudib gl. congregationis nostrae multiplicatio incrementa ouium . . . est emittafutura (leg. imitatura? note), 126b7 . nība c[h]oimlín a ndālta, CCellaig 16 . comlin fine na secht fer ndéc of equally numerous fine with, Laws iii 488.3 Comm. nim ch.¤ in cathasa / d'ḟeraib na Herend uile, LL 37841 ( SG 362.40 ). Note also: mad coimlin bud ingen berthair an even number, Auraic. 5777 . ? cumlín a chend fria leth meta, ZCP viii 314.22 . mo shoighníomh . . . / gomadh seacht gcoimhlíon é is m'olc seven times as numerous, DDána 42.15 . With subst. vb. (see 1 lín): ni fhuilmid coimlin catha dóibh súd we are not in sufficient number to do battle with them, ZCP vi 46.18 . ata c.¤ fine [cach mac dib] `has a family of the full number', Laws iii 332.20 Comm. ó nach dtárla cóimlíon céad nó curadh . . . le h-Eóghan sinn, ML 114.21 .

In meaning of 1 lín complement, number, multitude : tormān . . . giorac coimhlin `noise of an assembly' (Gloss.), Eg. Gl. 579a . a measg choimhlín iomláin Israel, 2 Samuel vi 19 . coimhlín in būird do dhaoinip uaissle . . . cenmothā sin, Fl. Earls 46.30 .

? In meanings of comlann: ní mó na mo chumlond féin in fer sin `no more than a match for me', RC xiv 408 § 19 . cumland óenḟir duel , TBC-LL² 3382 .

cumscugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumscugud or dil.ie/13901

Forms: honch, isnacumscaigthiu, cennachc

u, m. vn. of con-oscaigi. act of moving, changing; change, motion, removal : honch. gl. admunitione, Ml. 31d4 . isnacumscaigthiu gl. momenta, 111a7 . cennachc. gl. permaneat, Wb. 10a19 . c.¤ . . . iustorum abás imbethith, 13d17 . inc.¤ mall, 25d26 . occa cumscuchad (of bees), Laws iv 176.20 .i. as gach leastar do leastar, x Comm. ceathracha dam dia cumscachadh carrying it, Sc.M² 23 . as cumsgugudh cairge (of Conall Cernach), TBC-LL¹ 5558 . amail . . . tisad dar cumscucud, Cog. 180.2 . gan clód gan cumscugad re cheli `without yielding or giving way on either side', MR 240.21 . la cúmscugud a chind, PH 1207 . cin cumsguda muige na criche, Laws ii 100.15 Comm. c.¤ conaich, CCath. 2270 . cumhsgughadh .i. gluasacht no athrughadh, O'Cl. cumhscudhu .i. atharrach, Ériu xiii 68 § 89 . nī bia c.¤ foraib (of Conaille), Corp. Gen. 154.27 . mina beth c.¤ fort esti (of expulsion from Paradise), MacCarthy 68.z . c.¤ acomairbertae biuth fri cechfoirbthetaid `the changing of their way of life to every perfection', Ml. 35c17 . na huili génnti do cúmscugud as in cómrorcain, PH 3464 . ind fit cetna . . . cin c.¤ `unchanged', Mon. Tall. 147.14 . bailte ceall gan cumhsccugadh inalienable, BNnÉ 283.z . an flaithius gan c.¤ `dominion without disturbance', RC xxviii 322.6 . Ēire . . . ag Conn . . . gan chumsgugad, ML² 2025 . seacht gclocha gan cumhsgughadh (of daughters of Humility), DDána 55.14 .

In special applications. Gramm. change, shift, mutation, transference : is dligthigiu a c.¤ quam afeidligud `mutation', Sg. 22b12 . c.¤ `e' in `u', 11a1 . lac.¤ coibedne `with the shifting of the conjugation', 146b15 . is c.¤ lesom cid a tormag, 162b3 . hic.¤ aiccend, 212b2 . ni fail ch.¤ ṅhuirdd and gl. nulla ordinis confusione, 215a2 . aicme m gan c.¤ , Auraic. 6049 . Of mental states: inna cumscaigthe in menman, Ml. 15a2 . c.¤ fercae Dæ `stirring', 27b15 . nech cetabi ó menmain . . . cumscugad `stirring of anger', Ériu vii 168.31 . c.¤ du diglæ dín són gl. ira . . . remota, Ml. 105d7 . comscuchud (conscuchud MS.) gl. metu, BCr. 33b14 . conna bí a chumscuduth `so that he cannot be roused', Ériu vii 172.27 . atconnarc cumscaigte móra léo `I saw them greatly disturbed', CCath. 4229 . Astron.: lac.¤ inna grene gl. conuersionibus solis, Ml. 118c12 . ata seachran mor for cumscugudh firmaiminti, CCath. 1009 . maille cumscaithi `slowness of motion', Ir. Astr. Tr. 16.4 . Cf. taiscelad for cumscaigthibh saignen `movements of lightnings', CCath. 940 . Of removal from office, etc.: nad chumgat comarbai do chumscuchud `are not capable of altering', Coibnes 9 . cumsgugadh Húi B. i cClúain muc Nois `deposing', CS 240.4 . la cumscugudh flaithiusa, CCath. 833 . E. ua N. do chumscuccadh as a flaitheas `was banished', AFM iv 994.6 .

See cumscnugad.

dairthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dairthech or dil.ie/14308
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dairthach, daurthech, durthech, doirrthech, durthach, dúr(r)thech, derthech, dérthech, derthach, dérthach, dirthach, Derthaighi, ernaichthi, derthech, duirtheach, derthaighe, durtaig, dearthaigh, dairrtig, duirrtech, derthach, dirthige, dirthaige, durthigib

n dairthach, daurthech, durthech, doirrthech, durthach, dúr(r)thech, derthech, dérthech, derthach, dérthach, dirthach, s, n. later m. Derthaighi (g s. rhymes) with ernaichthi, AU i 412. 6 .

I (Literally oak-house) a penitentiary, oratory, prayer-house (originally of wood), the smallest of the sacred edifices used in Ireland; generally fifteen feet long and ten feet broad. Its value was ten heifers (samaisci), if thatched with rushes, ten cows if with slates H 3.15 , p. 653 .— durthach duairce, Eg. Gl. 246 . durrtaigi .i. durthech .i. dairthech .i. tech darach, Laws v 102. 27 Comm. saer drondurrtaigi comsaire do fri harig ndesa, ib. 102. 24 . oc dénum a derrthige, Fél.² lxxiii . durthach, IT iii 86. 21 . deirt[h]ech bec, RC x 187. 5 . conaca in relic ┐ in dairthach fo lánessair glan, LL 286 a 42 . daurthach bec ara bélaib, ib. 287 b 42 . lemsa cetna baclas dirthach is croch chloche, ib. 45 b 6 . ba mét daig ṅdáirthaige cach tob, BDD 65 . conustarladar for duirtheach mbec, FDG 116 . i ndorus in duirthíge, ib. 118 . i ndorchaib derrthaige, Otia i 126 . a cride amail chailc for bendchobar daurthige LB 108 a 79 . for bendchopar in daurtige, IT i 39. 17 . dorad síniudh a dairthaighi do, RC xxvii 280. 4 . do denuṁ a dart[h]aighe, ib. 5 . rethet daurthige i Tuaith dá muige , IT 41. 23 . i ndurtaig clárach, BB 299 b 6 . derthac Lusca do loscad, TFrag. 142. 18 . roloisg cealla ┐ dirthigi na naomh, ib. 116. 24 . losccad Léithglinne go léir cenmothá an deirtheach, AFM ii 878. 9 .—Further instances: n s. derthech ZCP iv 385. 4 . vi 99. 18 . duirtheach, Hy Fiach. 52. 2 . g s. derthaighe, AU i 412. 6 . LL 344 b 27 . BB 63 b 15 . ZCP iv 99. 20 . d s. durtaig, Mon. Tall. 132. 12 . dearthaigh, AFM 410. 10 . dairrtig, MR 124. 25 . duirrtech, ZCP vi 99. 3 . a s. derthach, AU i 502 . ZCP vi 99. 19 . n pl. dirthige, TTr. 116 . a pl. dirthaige, LL 330 e 48 . d pl. durthigib, RC xvii 358. 25 .

II A prayer-house in general, a chapel . durthach .i. teampall, O'Cl. in doirthech i cantar in celebrad i filet na tri ced clar .i. clar fo gach clérech, Fen. 206. 10 . in duirthech. . .tri ced clar ta san tig fa chomair gach chlerig, ib. 212. 27 .

III Metaph. a dark, wretched abode . doilgheas do bheith air tré bheith ag imirce a duirtheach daordhálach na colna don árus aoibhinn úd na cathrach neaṁdha, TSh. 76. 6 . (ifreann) dúirtheach duaibhseach daordhálach gacha deaṁain, ib. 186. 21 .

LOC. Breasal ó Dertaigh, Reeves Ad. 386. 27 . Drostan Dairtige (Deartaige AU) décc, AFM i 314. 12 . i nDerthoigh Aedhain, ib. 414. 14 . losccad Derthaighe Mochua, ib. ii 606. 3 . Cf. also IT i. 41. 23 and Dairthach Mic Mailine, Duirthech Laithrigh, D.¤ Seirc, Durrthach hUa mBriuin Chualunn, Onomast.

dílmain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílmain or dil.ie/16440
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dílmainiu, dílmain

adj i (dí + loman leash, O'Rahilly, SGS ii 17 ff . q.v.).

The primary meaning appears to be free from restraint (?), without attachment ; hence

(a) applied to actions, that which is free, permissbile, without hindrance or penalty , and

(b) of agent or instrument free (to act), unhampered . The connexion is shown in Wb. 14a24 where d.¤ glosses vacuum in veniet cum ei vacuum fuerit = when it will be free to him to do so = in tan bus d.¤ dó; and BCr. 32c3 where indilmainiu = expeditius (aliis aptius multo et expeditius videtur ut computatio . . . incipiat).

(a) is diliu lem aní as torbae oldaas aní as d.¤ (= omnia licent sed non omnia expediunt), Wb. 11b17 . is d.¤ la cách ar n-orcunni everyone thinks himself free to slay us, 4b23 . dilmuin cach anfot, Laws ii 25 . is d.¤ (gl. licet), Sg. 210b3 ; 163b4 (dílmin). is d.¤ dom it is free to me (to), I am at liberty (to . . .), it is lawful for me, I may with impunity: ba nd.¤ dossom airbert biuth do thorud a precepte , Wb. 10d14 . ba ndilmain do, Études Celt. xl 67 ( Ml. 54c18 ). RC ii 392 . Trip. 208 . BB 239b33 . 3 B 23, 81b . Anecd. iii 23 . Laws ii 72 . Without gram. subj., Laws ii 82 . With DE: Balur roba d.¤ de | rochum raith . . . mBresi (`it was worthy of him', O'Curry; it was within his pleasure?), MS. Mat. 578 (poem quoted by Mac Firbis).

Hence attrib. just, lawful: messair d.¤ `legitimate measure', Tec. Corm. § 3.39 (where however meaning may approach (b), the idea being the opposite of that expressed in `loaded dice'). Cf. also Hib. Min. 438 (text doubtful). dilmuin .i. dilis (lawful?), O'Dav. 605 , 725 . O'Cl. Possibly also fo d.¤ , Acall. 3244 (= as their fair share?).

(b) free from obstacles, unimpeded, unattached: gl. expeditum (= free for action, of a pers., used to explain accinctus ), Ml. 81b7 . Cf. Wb. 14a24 and BCr. 32c3 . Corm. Y 477 . Of things: Fél. p. 200 ( Fél. Sept. 4 ). ní chuirfea ind es nó a n-abaind he ara ticfa d.¤ without a catch (of a fish-hook), Acall. 7272 . Of persons: ro[s] leicset (so corrected by W. Stokes, Academy No. 584 ) d.¤ uadib 'na ndirmaib (of Egyptians letting Israelites depart), SR 3945 . for fer nd.¤ imt[h]éit (opp. to: fer imthéit co n-eri), Ériu ii 204 . cech d.¤ . . . fil cen recht cen réir (i.e. everyone exempt from monastic rule, every layman, opp. to cech fírmanach), Fél. p. 4 . is arrae trí coecat | don d.¤ nodgéba (opp. to nóeb `a professed religious'), Ep. 180 . duine d.¤ bis for sibal a hinad an unattached person (gl. fulla), Laws i 106.7 Comm. gasraid Cruachna . . . ni d.¤ duine ón feadhain | rigraid Muige Muireadhaigh `no man of the band is fruitless (unmarried)', Hy Fiach. 178 (possibly to be taken in connexion with ó unattached to, or absol. independent, unemployed ?). Éire díolmhuin ní dleagair | o ríoghaibh fhreimhe Huidhir it is not right that É. should be left empty of (? unattached to, i.e. unruled by?), 3 C 13, 463.1 . fo d.¤ , Acall. 909 , 3244 (?). Adv. (compar.) in dílmainiu gl. liberius, Ml. 61b21 .

(c) of offspring illegitimate: mac diolmhuin, Rel. Celt. ii 164.y . clann diolmhuin oile ag D., 174.15 .

(d) Of persons free, unattached: na daoine díolmhaine ` volunteers ' (Gloss.), TSh. 73 . ro marbadh drong da dhaoínibh diolmuine, AFM vi 2096.15 .

As subst. cech dílmain . . . cet cia théis fri báig ` freeman ', Fél. 4.13 .

dub

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dub or dil.ie/18985
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dubh, duib, Dubchroin, Dubgaill, dublathi, dublocha, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib-, Dub-, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duibe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibinne, Dublachtnai, Dubdartaig, Duibduinig, Duibdunaigh, Duibsinaich, Dubslataigh, Duibchonna, Duibchonnaid, Duchormac, Dubinrecht, Dubanich, Duibcind, Duibcinn, Duibgind, Duibchruib, Dubchertain, Dubchon, Duibdeochain, Duibdiberg, Duibeoin, Duibedain, Dubgillai, Dubgoband, Dublaich, Dubloingsigh, Dubgosa, Dublitir, Dublitri, Dubluachair, Dubrind, Dubroith, Duibdirma, Duibdligid

I Adj. u (see GOI 227 ) black, swarthy; dark:

(a) In lit. sense: dubh gl. niger, Ir. Gl. 381 , 802 . Ethioip in datha derbduib, LL 136a14 . forollscad for ratha | comdar datha duibe, Metr. Dinds. iii 218 . in d.¤, in liath (colours of winds), SR 61 (cf. Laws i 26 ). in temen . . . eter duib ┐ corcair, 80 . abrait duib black eyelashes, TBC-I¹ 30 . folt d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5269 , 5424 . ech d.¤ , 3380 . cait duba, Laws i 152 Comm. di énlaithib dubuib (= graves aves), Lat. Lives 32 . dond ḟiuc[h] d.¤ , SR 2558 . uan . . . cen gaili nduib, 3902 . airnidhe dubha black sloes, BS 22 . demun d.¤ , SR 7773 . for demnu duba, 8320 . milidh duibh (dhubha, v.l.), RC xxxiv 320 . slog d.¤ dorcha (of devils), PH 8101 . teglach d.¤ dorcha, 8197 . il-luc d.¤ dorcha, Fél. Mar. 9 . tír nd.¤ ndóthide, FA § 21 . sruth usci duib dorchai, § 30 . for trágaib duba, SR 8068 . dubaib rathib rogemrid in the dark seasons of deep winter, Ériu vii 2 . fion dubh dark (i.e. red) wine , 23 A 4, 94.11 ; 95.1 . linn d.¤ black bile, melancholy (med.), O'Gr. Cat. 176 ; o imdughad lenna duibe, 23 P 10, 25a20 . Of persons, swarthy of complexion or blackhaired: Odba . . . in d.¤ dedblada[ch], BB 405a17 . na bāingela duba fair(-skinned) dark(-haired) women (?), ZCP viii 113.4 . Of a blind person: atú-sa mar bís dall d.¤ , ZCP vi 263 . As subst.: a d.¤ na sūl iris or pupil (?), 23 P 10, 88 .

(b) Fig. dark (in moral sense); dire, gloomy, melancholy: find cach cóir, d.¤ cach ndebaid, ACL iii 229 . do chosc do dimda buib thy black displeasure, Metr. Dinds. iii 62 . le scēl ndoilphi nd.¤ a false tale of woe, Lec. 608a16 . co d.¤ domenmnach truag, Cog. 62 . sonnach suairc nach dubh re deoraidh that has not black looks for the wanderer, Ó Bruad. iii 188 ( O'Gr. Cat. 555 ). rún nach d.¤ re saoghal séin `purpose prized by ages blessed thereby', Ó Bruad. ii 266 . na secht nduba Temrach .i. septem anni mali, ZCP xii 235 § 52 .

(c) In B. na f. great, expressing intensity; prob. an extension of (b) and common esp. as prefix: dubh .i. mór: d.¤ an fhuil-si .i. as mór an créchd.¤ , O'Cl. in dae sin cidh dubh (.i. mor) a ghlor though loud his noise, ZCP v 483 . ? biaid dano int ēsca lethumai iarthoir Macha .i. tāidlech ar crābud ┐ is d.¤ a riagol re tri fichtib mbliadna, ix 452 .

Equative: duibidir degaid, Ériu ii 122 . dubithir dethaig, BDD² 517 . duibithir druimne daeil, 22 ; TBC-LL¹ 5550 . dubithir ré drommannaib dega, LL 235b11 . duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 . duibither fiaich, TBC-LL¹ 5634 . duibithir funchi fedil, Metr. Dinds. iii 256 , cf. O'Mulc. 540 . duibithir gual, RC xiii 5 . duibigther gual, xxiv 196 . duibhithior gual gabhonn, Keat. iii p. 379 . duibithir uibhli, Aisl. Tond. xiii 5 = comdubh re gual, p. 133 . Compar. duibi nā srath fuail cach gen, Lec. 347a47 . fá duibe iná gual a glúine, SG 251 . is duibhe a ngnúis ná gual, Lament. iv 8 .

II As subst. n., later o, m.

(a) black pigment, esp. ink: ó d.¤ gl. atramento, Wb. 15a10 . drochd.¤ , Sg. p. 217 (Thes. ii p. xxii). is tana a nd.¤ the ink is thin, Sg. p. 248b (ib.). iar n-airnechtain duib scripthar int psailim tria d.¤ after the invention of ink . . . with ink, Hib. Min. 243 . dubh scribind, Fél. p. 246 . doirtid a dig for duillinn | do d.¤ in chuilinn chnesglais ink made from holly, Laud 610, 615.55 , cf. Colmán duib Chuilinn, Fél. Nov. 24 and note p. 246 . penn bog gér ┐ d.¤ ruadh righin, O'Gr. Cat. 120 . adharc dhuibh an inkhorn , Eg. Gl. 650 . adeir Pól . . . nach le dubh do sgríobh í, Eochairsg. 14 . sgríobhadh ré pápéur ┐ ré dubh, 2 John 12 . olc sin, a dhuibh, TTr.² 875 (scribal note). ? Of a black liquid in general: mar attib . . . dig don rodub (roda, v.l.) rúamda, Metr. Dinds. iii 220 (see rota).

(b) gall: g s. duib gl. fellis, BCr. 35a3 ( Thes. ii 24 ). d.¤ ┐ mill na darach oak-gall (?) (prescription for a styptic), 23 P 10, 150va36 .

Note also: tucus ri toeb crīche, cia héraic bad mó | d.¤ dés is d.¤ tuinne, LL 147a50 `black of land (?) and black of wave', PRIA xix 553 , with note: `dub . . . has a proverbial or technical meaning, implying certain commodities, etc., exacted as tribute. Perhaps "doubtful or disputed portion", cf. dubfine'. Cf. Dub-thuinne below. d.¤ .i. duithir ( dawn?), Stowe Gl. 50 .

Compds.

I With adj. In dvandva compds.: dub-brecc dark and speckled , SR 2955 . folt dubchas black and curling , TBC-I¹ 3219 . More oft. as intens. prefix: ¤deróil: cliar drechach nár duibdereoil `dark and feeble' ( very feeble ?), RC xxiv 182 . ¤diamair, SG 307.23 . ¤grāna, KMMisc. 317 . ¤láidir: dōdlāmha dublaidire, CF 205 . ¤temen: muir ndubthemen, SR 909 . Esp. with adjj. of colour to denote a deep shade: ¤chorcur dark crimson gl. ferrugo (explained as color purpurae), Sg. 52a11 . do sciathaib dubc[h]orcra, Fianaig. 88 . ¤chrón; as n.pr. m. a Dubchroin , Hib. Min. p. 77 . hí Dubchroin, Lec. 349b38 . ¤derg dark red , TBC-I¹ 1916 . batir domna dubderga a dí shúil, LL 117b18 . ¤donn dark brown or dun: dubtonn, Thes. ii 236.13 . stéd dubdhonn, SG 269 . dercoin darach dubdhuinne, BS 130 . bratt don scarlóid dubhdhuinn, Anecd. i 76 . As n.pr. m., Metr. Dinds. iii 318 . ¤glas dark blue-grey, livid colour: dubglass gl. caeruleum, Sg. 70b12 . ech d., Acall. 3776 ; Anecd. i 12 . gabur d., ZCP iv 33 . broit dubglasa, TBC-I¹ 11 . co nathrachaib dubglasa, TTebe 524.322 . Hence dubglasaid turns livid: cia bānait ┐ dúbglasait do beoil, PH 8131 . ro bansat a n-aighthe ┐ a ngnúisi, ro dubhglassatar a mbeoil, CCath. 4632 . ¤gorm blue-black, intense black: ech d., Acall. 242 . adbai na ndoel ndúbgorm, PH 8256 . ¤lachtne dark tan-coloured: brat dublachtne, RC xiv 450 . dublactna, xiii 28 . As n.pr. m. Rawl. 150b35 . ¤líath dark grey . As subst.: ? bíaid dano in douibliath (duibliath, v.l.) doich anechde Loch Rí, ZCP ix 451 . ¤odar dark brown or dun: co lin[n]paitib dubodraib, RC xv 439 . As n.pr. m. Dubodor, Rawl. 159a24 . ¤ruad dark red , SR 4046 .

In adj. formed from nouns: ¤altach black-limbed (?): ag indarba deman ┐ d. bís (exorcista), Lec. 340b43 . ¤chestach. As sobriquet: Dáire D. of the dark questions, RC xvi 34 ( Dinds. 84 ). ¤chosach blackfooted . Name of a bird, Anecd. i 38 . As sobriquet, in D. Beinne Gulbain, SG 280 . As subst. o, m., name of a plant, black maidenhair (capillus Veneris), ACL i 326 . don dubhcosaigh , 329 . anmanna an dubhchosaigh, 23 K 42 339.9 . ¤détach black-toothed: as sobriquet, Fergus D., ZCP viii 327 . F. Duibhdhéadach, Keat. iv 294 . ¤ḟograch: muir mintonnach d. plaintive-sounding , RC xxiv 373 . ¤geltach melancholy-mad (downright m.?): glac duibgealtaigh gortaigh, IT iii 101 ( Bruchst. § 71 ). ¤gnúisech black-faced: daosgarshluagh dubh-ghnúiseach deamhan, TSh. 1975 . ¤gus-rúnach full of black crafty thoughts, CF 871 . ¤luirgnech black-shanked, -legged . Name of a horse, Acall. 270 . ¤nertach (intens.): for Daire ṅdian ṅd., LL 213b31 . ¤smúaintigthech: tiubrā dorcha dubhsmuaintigheach 'a dark, brooding, bushy brow', BDC 256.558 . ¤ṡúilech black-eyed: ni thuca in dubshúilig ndochoisc do not marry an intractable black-eyed woman, ZCP viii 112 . As sobriquet: in Findṡúilech et in Dubṡúlech, LL 327a33 . mac Taidhg Dubhsuiligh, AU 1496 (iii 406) .

II With nouns: ¤aba, ¤abann: teora dubaibne hÉrenn .i. Fubna, Torand ┐ Caland, LL 16b36 . tomaidm tri ndubabann, 17a19 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤adaig: i ndubaidchib dark nights, Laws ii 2 . ¤aigén abyss, deep ; goiridh an dubhaigén chum an dubhaigéin deep calleth unto deep, Psalms xlii 7 . ó dhuibhaighén na fairrge, lxviii 22 . Cf. duibecán. ¤aithech black churl (disparaging epithet): la borg d., FB § 71 . ¤alt dark spot, Ó Bruad. ii 166 . ¤áth: ic dubáthaib derg-Maisten black fords, Metr. Dinds. iii 74 ; see Hog. Onom. ¤broid: mo dhuithche fá mhogsain 's fá dhubh-bhroid dark bondage , O'Gr. Cat. 30 . ¤buidechair name of a disease (kind of jaundice?): a n-aghaidh an (sic) dubhbuidheachaire, 23 K 42, 384.1 . ¤chailech part of an axe: gall-biail . . . cona dib dubhchailchib .i. cona dib cluasaib, O'Dav. 532 . ¤chend lit. black-head, name of a sword; later (in poetic lang.) sword in general (later also ¤gin, ¤ginn, perh. through influence of gin sword-edge). a gabair is a dubcend (.i. a ech ┐ a chlaideb), LU 1037 . colg ┐ d.¤ duo nomina gladii , 1038 . is for rigaib focheird feit | indiu d. la Diarmeit, ZCP iii 214 ( LU 9674 ) = indiu in duibgen la D., SG 398 . a duibhginn (.i. a claidemh) ina deghsgib, ZCP v 489 (B. na f.). con duibciund (.i. cloidem) ina dagscip, LB 240a21 . duibhgeann .i. cloidheamh, O'Cl. Also n.pr. m., see below. ¤cheo: duibnēll duibchiach, FB § 36 Eg. ¤chís: cáin, dubhchíos nó custum do chur orra tribute , Ezra vii 24 . fa duibhchíos, Proverbs xii 24 . ¤chlais n.loc. for D., Sc.M² 23 § 23 . ¤chrand: d. mór uaso (of a shaft or pillar?), BDD § 85 . ¤chrech: dubchrecha ┐ chnáim chrói `secret raids' (murderous raids?), Cáin Ad. § 46 . ¤doíre black bondage , SR 5286 . ¤dortad (intens.): forran na tond annuas ac d. forro, Aen. 247 . ar nd. don dīlinn, Anecd. i 26 . Cf. ara ndubdhortaibh dileann, CF 730 . ¤draic: tír nathrach is dubdrac, Rawl. 78b10 . ¤draigen blackthorn, sloe: airne dubhdroighin, Acall. 344 . ¤druim (intens.): dubhdhruim do chor ris an saidhbhreas to renounce altogether, TSh. 10097 . ¤dúnad: fōidis C. Loeg uad isin duibdunad co Fiacha . . . do chuindchid lēgi (apparently a camp distinct from that of the warriors), TBC-I¹ 2766 . ¤én crow or raven , O'Mulc. 310 (= fiach). elta d., RC xiv 416 . ealtada do dubenaib (sic leg.), ZCP x 298 . ¤étach: d'umhluighios a nduibhédach, Psalms xxxv 14 . ¤éthech: secip fethal foa tosar a ndubethech downright perjury , Ériu vii 156 . ¤ḟine one of the inferior divisions of the `fine tuaithe', Laws iv 282 follg. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 148 . ¤ḟocal obscure word: d. .i. da focal .i. focal ┐ focal solus, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18 415 -16); Lec. Gl. 565 . ? ¤ḟolach: dubithir leth d., IT i 310 ( LL 113b13 ). ¤ḟuath black hatred: robhaoi a d. go mór ga bhráithribh, TFrag. 170 . ¤ḟuil: lia dubhfhola, Acall. 1739 , 8002 . cairi dubḟola, MU² 730 (cf. TBC-LL¹ 4336 , TBC-I¹ 2810 ). ¤ga black spear (particularly in phrase fir dubga): dobebat flathi ria n-anflathaib la fursmalta fer ndubga[e] '(lawful) princes will perish before usurpers by the oppressions (?) of the men of the black spears', RC xxvi 38 § 191 (a portent of the end of the world). di sceo neimhe fer ndubgæ 'from the venomous clash of black-speared men', BDC 108.85 (of Connachta). flaith fer ndubgāi, ZCP ix 169.28 (of Vikings). See BDC 163 .​​ co nd. nduaibsech, MR 198 . ¤gait nefarious stealing: soiscela mor Coluimcille do d., AU 1006 = CS 1005 . ¤gall black foreigner, Dane (opp. to findg. Norwegian): Dubgoill do thecht do Áth Clíath, AFM 849 . na Dubgaill, LL 377a7 . Drochet Dubgaill (n.loc.), Cog. 184 . Also n.pr. m., Rawl. 154a17 . gen. mac Dubgaill , RC xviii 349 , etc.

¤gen(n)te (pl.) black heathens, Danes: tetacht dubgennti du Ath Cliath, AU 850 . tancatar Dubgenti Danarda, Cog. 229 (LL). Dainfhir ón Dania . . . is diobh ghairthear Duibhgheinnte nó Dubhlochlonnaigh, Keat. iii 2456 .

¤glas ( ¤glais) dark stream or river: glorach for dubglais innocht, LL 298a21 ( SG 366 ). éicne dubglaisse duinne, SG 388 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤gentlidecht black heathenism: ni bia cretim acht duibgenntligecht hi tir nErenn, Trip. clxxxii ( LB 12a ). ¤guin (intens.): tucadar dubgona dluithi . . . ar a cheli, CF 129 . ? ¤gortus: ar a urrdhurcus, ar a ṡuilbere, ar a dubghortus, IT iii 92 . ¤greim (intens.): rug M. dubhghreim dian ar ubhall brághad ar S., PCT 1644 . ¤inis: i nduibinsib ind ociain, Lism. L. p. 354 ( LL 373d ). ¤lacht (pejorative): ar dhubhlacht duthain an domhnáin, TSh. 2287 . ¤laíd: Conall Cael rochanad d. `singer of a dark song', Arch. Hib. ii 71 . dubláidi dindsenchais `dark lays', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . ¤laith lit. black fluid or humour; melancholy: (g s. as adj.?) is dublathi díscir dian (of a person), MacCongl. 87 . dubhlaithe a ndeoid an domain, Harl. 5280, fo. 42a . ¤lén: an duibhlénsa this black sorrow, BS 92 . ¤lestar black vessel, name of a measure (?): dā dubhlestur deac do cormam (sic) i ndé sechtmuine (allowance of a monk), ZCP vi 271 . ¤lethar: scíath cona thugi dublethair, RC xiv 404 . ¤lia: d. fola, Acall. 6999 . ¤líath see above. ¤lind dark liquid: lónchore mór . . . d. uathmar and; mescthus béos isin duiblinn, BDD § 128 . black pool: ar dublind Brea, Dinds. 132 ( RC xvi 137 ). tar duiblinn imm Brae, ZCP iv 40 . As n.loc., name of rivers, later name of Áth Cliath Dublin: co Dublind Átha Cliath, Cog. 226 ( LL 309b19 ), LL 44b11 . Ámlaib . . . dagrí Dublindi, IT iii 15 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loch: cu glais Tamlachtae dublocho (= lacūs nigri), Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 238 ). pl. dublocha ifrind, RC xxvi 158 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loinges lit. black exile , esp. the band of Ulstermen who followed Fergus m. Roich to Connacht: toíssech don dúbhloingius la Fergus, Cóir Anm. 275 . tiaguit Connachtuid ┐ in dubluingius, RC x 226 . robris forsin dublongais, LL 44a17 . an dubhloingeas .i. an sluagh deoraidheachta dochuaidh lé Fearghus i gConnachtaibh, Keat. ii 3266 . Of an outlaw band in general: ar dteacht dubhloingis go Cruachain, 2034 . ¤luachat (intens.): ilar ṅdorcha ṅdubluachat, SR 904 . ilar na nd., RC iv 252 . ¤lochlonnach Dane (oppd. to findl. Norwegian), see gente above. ¤lus name of a herb used in med., ACL i 335 §§ 61 , 89 (prob. symphytum or comfrey , Germ. Schwarzwurz). ¤mind: mionnuighim dhíb fa na dhuibhmhionnaibh is dual damh black (i.e. solemn, awful?) halidoms, Maguires of F. § 62 (reliquary is called `in Dubhineach', § 63 ). ¤nél, SR 7418 . d. nemi, TFerbe 181 . eirach an duibhneóil írchra, Ériu i 103 § 65 . fo dhuibhnellaib, Lism. L. 2771 . ¤nóin: fuinsid anuad ó d. duinn, SG 366 . Cf. ó maidin co dubhnónaigh `black noon', i.e. midnight, Cog. 114 . ¤oenach `black assembly', a name given to the Fair of Tailtiu held by Donnchad s. of Flann Sionna, k. of Ireland (see AU 926 ): ō Patraic co d. Dondchada maic Mailsechlainn, Dinds. 99 ( RC xvi 50 ). co dubaenach nDonnchada meic Flainn, SG ii 469 . ¤raed: inmain andord tria d. dark wood, IT i 79 . ¤recht: fri dubrechtu gentliuchtae black laws of heathenry, Hy. vii ( Thes. ii 357 ). ¤reclés name of Colum Cille's oratory at Derry, LB 237a3 . in dubreicles, AU ii 153 (` penitentiary '). teora bliadna bái cen lēss | Colum ina duibregless, RC xviii 160 ; BCC § 185 . do coir (leg. comair?) an duibreicléis, ib.; AU 1166 . ¤ mighty king: Finntan . . . Senach . . . Colman . . . tri dúibríg co ngliaid gaile, Fél. lii . ¤roén dark plain (?): ba bind mo dord dar dubráen, Imr. Brain ii 290 . black (crushing) defeat (?): rodosdedaig fo dubraen, SR 6550 . fo dubroenaib, 5558 . ¤rún dark design (?): dubrúin, TBC-I¹ 1692 . ¤rota dark pigment or liquid: do d. ┐ do gual, IT iii 191 . rofothraicit for dubrodae, Dinds. 46 ( RC xv 439 ). ¤sciath, TBC-I¹ 1795 . ¤ṡesra name of a measure, RC xv 439 ( Dinds. 46 ). ¤ṡín foul weather: nosdoirtend forro . . . in duib-sin ┐ dearrtan, Aen. 224 . la toidhecht na duibhshine geimhreta, Marco P. 36 . ? inna dubthíne, ZCP viii 313.2 . ¤ṡlán defiance, challenge: dubhshlán na Féinne fughat the F. defy thee, Oss. iv 136 . thug dubhṡlan fáoi defied, Eg. Gl. 356 . ó thug sé dúbhshlán shloigh Dé bhí defied the hosts, 1 Sam. xvii 36 . Later also dullán: do dhullan faoi I challenge you to do it, Luc. Fid. 311 ; 323 , 325 . ¤ṡluag: d. détla danarda, MR 184 . ¤ṡnechta: imat duibhshnecta teintidi `fiery dark snow', Ériu ii 136 . ¤thalam: dréchtfaid an dubh[th]alamh (sic leg. with v.l.), ZCP viii 212.1 . ¤thám: a ndul uli do dubthám that they should all die of black pestilence, Ériu iv 180 . ¤thír: as n.loc., see Hog. Onom. ¤threbtha `black husbandries' (pejor.), Triads 140 . -thredan black fast (lasting three days): co ndernsat dubthrédan, RC xii 436 . bliadan dubtredain cen dig cen biad cen cotlud, RC xv 489 . arra duibtredain, ib. ¤throscad black fast, keeping a black fast: dubthroscuth (= ieiunium atrum), Ériu vii 144 . do dubtroscad iar mór-chin, RC xv 488 . arra dubtroisct[h]e, 489 . ¤thuata: don dubhthuata ignorant layman, Eochairsg. 48 . ¤urla: each dub go nd. ndub black mane, ZCP viii 228 . As n.pr. m.: do sgur Í D., ib.

See also sections (c) and (d) under proper names below.

Dub in Proper Names. As n.pr. o, m. (allegor.): Dian ┐ D.¤ is Dothur, Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . D.¤ ┐ Dobur ┐ Doirce, BB 35a10 . Common proper name: LL 322f64 , BB 149f19 , etc. gen. Duib pass. pl. tri Duib Imlig, TBC-I¹ 1484 ; 3512 ; cuig nDuibh, MR 290 . As f.: D.¤ ingen Roduib, Dinds. 26 ( RC xv 326 ). In phr. with Finn and Donn meaning a nobody : a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

Also in names of animals: in D.¤ Sainglend (a horse), FB § 31 , 43 . D.¤ Esa is Dubh thuinne | dá ech Aenghuis Angluinne, Acall. 276 . Dubh Chabhlaidh, Dubh Easa, IGT Decl. § 125 . D.¤ na Cat (name of a cat), BCC § 165 . Of bells: in d.¤ díglach (name of Caillín's bell), Fen. 412 . an D.¤ duaibsech (Colum Cille's bell), BCC § 132 . in d.¤ Temrach (Ruadán's bell), LB 260b29 ; YBL 136a26 .

Very frequent with (a) follg. qualifying adj. (b) dependent noun in gen. (c) in compounds with adj. (d) in compounds with nouns. In a number of cases it is difficult to decide the class to which a name belongs. Editors tend to print all names as compounds and in MSS. Duib- somet. replaces Dub- in genuine compounds even before non-palatal initials. In the follg. the correct form, in so far as it can be determined, has been restored silently.

(a) With qual. adj. D.¤ Daingen, BB 97d46 . gen. Duib Daingin, 98c30 . Duib Déin (gen.), SG ii 468 . D.¤ Dil, AU 1072 . Duib Duind (gen.), BB 73e52 . Duib Éitig (gen.), LL 339b15 ; BB 142e36 . Duib Feil (gen.), BB 138f8 , Fheil, LL 315a24 . Duib Leisc, Rawl. 155b24 (but Oengus Dublesc (?), 13 ). Duib Udair (gen.), BB 159a23 (see dubodar under ordinary compds.). Duib Ṡalaich (gen.), LL 323d39 . Duib Salaig, BB 186b6 = = Dubalaigh, 45 .

(b) With dependent noun in gen.: D.¤ Caille, LL 314a12 ; Rawl. 122a6 . D.¤ Cailli, BB 144a41 ; gen. Duib Chaille, 120a43 . Duib Chilli (gen.), Rawl. 89f3 . D.¤ Cluana, Anecd. i 42 ; gen. Duib Cluana, BB 126b20 = Duib Cluan, LL 313c39 . D.¤ Commair, Rawl. 142a42 ; SG ii 461 . Duib Chonnacht (gen.), Rawl. 129b11 . Duib Crích (gen.), BB 130a13 . Duib Cuan (gen.), BB 143d15 . D.¤ Cuili, BB 190b14 ; gen. Duib Chuili, 86d45 . D.¤ Daire (of the oakwood), LL 325b34 ; BB 70a35 ; gen. Duib Daire, LL 333c56 . D.¤ Dara (of the oak), LL 389a34 ; RC xviii 354 (Tig.). D.¤ Darach, Rawl. 146a47 ; BB 147a38 ; gen. Duib Darach, 114c8 . D.¤ Dísirt, LL 325h19 ; Rawl. 155a39 (Dissirt). D.¤ Díthrib, BB 131a3 ; gen. Duib Dithrib, Fianaig. 52 . Duib Dithruib, Rawl. 123a17 ; LL 314b51 . D.¤ Dothra (see Dothra), BB 91b29 ; gen. Duib Dothra, 91c22 ; Rawl. 145g28 . Duib Dubni (gen.), LL 253f60 . D.¤ Dúin, LL 326a14 ; Rawl. 153a27 ; gen. Duib Dúin, 42 . D.¤ Durlais, LL 325b31 ; D.¤ Daurlais, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Durluis, LL 340a18 ; Daurlais, Rawl. 159a28 . D.¤ Emna, AU 1053 ; LL 334a48 ; gen. Duib Emna, BB 113c9 . Duib Enaig (gen.), Rawl. 122b38 ; LL 314b13 . Duibh Esa (gen.), BB 72a25 ; Duib Essa (gen.), Rawl. 146c50 . As n.pr. f. gen. Duibhe Easa, Ériu v 64 . D.¤ Inse, Thes. ii 286.10 . Duibh Insi, AFM 814 ; indsi, 1032 ; gen. Duib Innse, BB 168a18 , ¤indse, 72b24 . ¤indsi, Rawl. 146d17 . D.¤ Lacha (f.), LL 330c61 ; BB 166a2 ; accus. Duib Lacha, 4 ; gen. Duibe Lacha, Imr. Brain i 58 ; Duibe lacho, Rawl. B. 512, 119a . D.¤ Lasra, Rawl. 151b29 . D.¤ Lenna, Rawl. 156a11 . D.¤ Lis, 127a20 . D.¤ Railbe, BB 115e14 ; AU 1130 ; gen. Duib Railbe, BB 76a14 . Dub Railbhe, 115e14 . D.¤ Rois, BB 155a19 , 182a4 ; D.¤ Ruis, 150b21 ; LL 190a9 ; gen. Duib Rois, BB 114f49 . Duib Sléibe (gen.), LL 340a50 , Rawl. 129b19 . D.¤ Sligi, BB 191a39 ; gen. Duib Sligi, 74c8 . Dubh Teamhrach inghean Bhriain, 3 C 13, 880.13 ; gen. Duibhe T., 884.4 . D.¤ Tíre, LL 327g2 , BB 149d24 ; gen. Duib Tire, 158b11 . Duib thuinne (gen.), LL 335h19 , Rawl. 161b48 . Duib Uindsenn (gen.), BB 72c8 ; Duibh Uinsenn (gen.), Rawl. 146d35 . Oft. folld. by gen. dual (see ZCP xiv 271 - 2 , xx 167-73 ): Dub Da Bairenn, Rawl. 117d53 ; Boirenn, LL 382c5 ; gen. Duib Da Bairenn, Rawl. 150a26 , b17 etc. (Davoren). Dub Da Barc, BB 147a34 ; gen. Duib D. B., 146d8 . D.¤ Da Braine, Rawl. 141b35 ; gen. Duib D. B., 159a24 . D.¤ Da Chell, LL 324c33 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 340a40 . Duib Da Colman (gen.), BB 144b4 ; Duib De (sic Facs.) Cholmáin (gen.), LL 324c59 . D.¤ Dá Chrich, LL 315a29 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 32 , Rawl. 91d37 . Duib Da Doss (gen.), Rawl. 159b31 . D.¤ Dá Inber, TFrag. 90 . D.¤ Da Letha, SR 2361 ; D.¤ D. Lethe, LL 42c44 ; D.¤ D. Lethi, 25b10 ; gen. Duib Da Lethi, LL 327e32 , Rawl. 146e20 ; D.¤ D. Leithe, 153b33 . D.¤ Da Muige , LL 328d45 ; gen. Duib Da Maige, Rawl. 160a32 . Duib Da Subne, (gen.), Rawl. 150a39 ; Dub De (sic Facs.) Subne (gen.), LL 326c8 . D.¤ Dá Thond, LL 317b44 ; gen. Duib D. Th., 341a45 . D.¤ Da Tuath, LL 381b25 ; gen. Duib Da Thuath, 33 , Rawl. 159a45 . D.¤ Da Thuile, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Da Thuili, 26 .

(c) In compds. with adj. Dubchroin (gen.), LL 313a22 . Dubfinn (f.), SG ii 487 . Duibinn, Cóir Anm. 62 ; gen. Duibinne, Duibne, ib. Dubgorm (Dub Gorm?), BB 104b48 . Dublachtna, LL 150b12 ; Rawl. 150b35 ; gen. Dublachtnai, LL 326i13 , Duiblachtnai, 337b46 (Dub Lachtna?). Dubóc, Rawl. 159a29 ; LL 340a11 ; BB 156a1 ; gen. id., LL 317a32 (Dub Óc? Dimin. of Dub?).

With adj. derived from nouns: Dubbronach, LL 318b12 . ¤dálach, Hy Fiach. 126 (family name). ¤dartach: gen. Dubdartaig, O'Gr. Cat. 645 . ¤dúnach, ¤dúinech: gen. Duibduinig, LL 352h27 = Duibdunaigh, BB 223e22 . ¤ṡínach (cf. dubṡín foul weather under ordinary compds.): gen. Duibsinaich, Rawl. 146g29 ; BB 113a49 . ¤ṡlatach, BB 94b31 ; gen. Dubslataigh, 41 ; Duibslataich, Rawl. 153b17 .

(d) In compds. with nouns. With proper name: Dubaed, Ardm. 19a1 ( Thes. ii 365 ). Dubconda, LL 326c57 ; gen. Duibchonna, 325c14 (D.¤ Chonda?). ¤chonnad (cf. Condad, Connad, Contribb.): gen. Duibchonnaid, LL 340a39 . Dubchormac, LL 326d , with note: ab hoc nomine vocatus est ideo quod pater eius obiit nascente illo. Propter memoriam mortis patris eius vocatus est Duchormac . Dubchrimthann, LL 321e63 . m. Cuirc Duibechach, 326a38 . ? Dubindrecht, Rawl. 159a41 ; Dubinrecht, 165b15 ; LL 327c24 ; gen. Dubinrecht, LL 325b13 ; Rawl. 146a22 . Duibindrecht, 150b15 , 30 . Duibinrecht, LL 321b56 ? m. Erca Dublugdech, LL 327e46 .

With other nouns: Dubainech, Rawl. 160b11 ; ? gen. húa Dubanich , RC xviii 368 . Dubchend (see under ordinary compds.), LL 323a6 ; Dubcenn, Rawl. 152b55 ; Duibcind, BB 183b46 ; Duibcinn, LL 391b15 ; Duibgend, BB 183b39 , ¤genn, 118b48 ; ¤ginn, LL 389b7 ; gen. Duibcind, Rawl. 153a56 ; Duibcinn, 1 ; Duibgind, RC xviii 337 (Tig.). Later Duibhgheann; gen. ¤ghinn, Keat. iv . Dubchrob: gen. Duibchruib, LL 327e11 . ? Dubchertan: Duibhceartan, CF 13 ; gen. Dubchertain, LL 373a30 . Dubchu, BB 76b16 ; gen. Dubchon, 18 . Duibdeochain (gen.), Fél. p. 48 ; Rawl. 89f2 = Duibdechoin, LL 351a8 . Duibdiberg (gen.), Rawl. 146c42 ; ¤dibeirg, BB 145b17 . Duibeoin (gen.), BB 141d37 , 142d28 . Dubétan, Laud 610, 105b1 ; gen. Duibedain, BB 110b38 . Dubgall (see under ordinary compds.), LL 41c66 , Rawl. 140a33 . Dubgilla, LL 40b9 ; BB 122b36 ; gen. Dubgillai, LL 314c57 , 323g55 ; Duibgillai, BB 70b48 . Dubgoband (gen.), LL 369d32 . Dublaech, BB 142a39 ; ¤laich, 74a33 ; gen. Dublaich, 49b42 . Dubloingsigh (gen.), BB 71a8 . Duibgen, BB 83a5 , 88d50 . Dubgilcach, LL 319c53 ; ZCP viii 304.19 (but Dub Gilcaich, Rawl. 148a43 ). Dubgus, Rawl. 160b48 ; gen. Dubgosa, BB 160a1 . Dublitir (dat.), Thes. ii 287.32 . Dublitter, LL 360d52 . Dublittir, AU 735 ; gen. Dublitri, LL 360c26 . Duiblitrech, ZCP iii 17 , 20 ( Rawl. 68b15 , 76a4 ). Dubluachair, LL 382a21 ; Rawl. 128a15 ; gen. Dubluachair, ib. Dubhluachra, LL 382a23 . Dubneim, BB 157b37 . Dubrind, LL 314c21 ; gen. Dubrind, 57 . Duibrind, Rawl. 123f8 (D.¤ Rind?). Duibruip (gen.), Rawl. 154d48 ; BB 160a14 . Dubroith (gen.), Lism. L. xxxi . Dubṡlat ` black rod ', BB 83a5 = Dublat, 82a30 , Dubslait, RC xvii 142 . Dubsloit, AU 554 . ¤ṡloit, CS 558 . Perh. also Duibdirma (gen.), Rawl. 146b43 ; BB 73d39 ; and Duibdligid (gen.), BB 232b6 ; Rawl. 94b48 ; Fél. p. 48 ( Duibligid, LL 351a7 ).

1 fíadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fíadach or dil.ie/21894

Forms: fiadach, fiadaig

n o, m. (2 fíad)

(a) hunting (used apparently in wider sense than 1 selg, and of all kinds of game. In: i selg .i. for aigibh ┐ fiadhuch .i. for mila muige , Auraic. 113 , it is apparently restricted to hares, but the confined sense is unusual). fiadach (= venatio) Ml. 137c1 . ond úair ro scáich dóib fiadach in tṡlébe do-elsat for cethra fer nAlban do thabairt chuca, LL 260b7 ( IT i 74.2 ). ic triall immach sin sliab ... fri f.¤ , SR 2842 ( Gen. xxvii ). ac fiadhach ar mucaib, Ériu v 146.22 . ac fiadhach fur muir le líntaibh ... ac f.¤ fur enaib ... ac f.¤ le conuib ... ar damaibh allta, ZCP vi 54.5 . la da raibe C. ag seilg ┐ ag fiadach a nGartan, BCC § 44 . ro cóirged selg ┐ fiadach, Acall. 4816 . da faghaind selg ┐ fiadach Beinde Boirchi do denam dam, 3204 . g s. cú fiadaig ` stag-hound ' (but cf. Auraic. 113 cited above) Laws iii 412.18 . fetgaire na fer fiadaig hunters Fianaig. 56.31 . gaiste na bhfear bhfiadhaigh, TSh. 3923 . Fig. lé fiadhach friothurlamh na faoisidne searching, probing 2316 .

(b) game, prey (living or dead): do brisfidis fiadhac na furaisi na pailisi the wild creatures of the forest ZCP vi 274.24 . gach uili fiadhach etir leomun ┐ mathgamhain, Ériu v 146.22 . mo ṡáith ... d'íascc is d'ḟiaduch, Anecd. i 25 § 6 . immad fíadaig is fíad-míl, Metr. Dinds. iii 246.72 . lína fíadaigh hunting-nets (for snaring deer) Acall. 4424 . Cuillen bá hadhba ḟiadaig resort of game Acall. 5870 . nach dendaeis a coin ... digbail don fiadach, BCC § 44 . fagh fíadhach dhamhsa venison Gen. xxvii 3 . sluicfidh sé a f.¤ prey xlix 27 .

(c) a hunting-ground, resort of game (late): ionnus nár fágadh leis fiadh i bhfiadhach, ITS i 10.16 (fiaguidheacht v.l.). ?

(d) a hunter: as láimh a nfíadhuigh, Proverbs vi 5 (prob. for fíadaige).

fochslaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochslaigid or dil.ie/22513

v g (fochsal) takes away: foxlaigit muige ┐ cricha anad ┐ dithim cintaig, O'Curry 1960 (< H 4.22, p. 10 ). (i.e. distances and boundaries preclude stay and pound).

fo-coisle(a)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-coisle(a) or dil.ie/22539
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fochsl-, foxl-, focoissle, fodacoisle, fodaroxla, forróxul, forochlastar, forochsalsat, focoslider, foroxlad, foxlar

v ā (protot. fochsl-, foxl-). Ind. pres. 3 s. focoissle, Laws v 422.1 . fodacoisle, iv 202.1 . Subj. pres. 3 s. (perf.) fodaroxla, 200.1 . perf. 3 s. forróxul (gl. tulit de medio) Wb. 27a19 (cf. forochlastar .i. rosfuc lais, gl. fosrolaic, Hy ii 38 ). 3 pl. forochsalsat (gl. subduxisse) Ml. 18d11 . Pass. pres. s. focoslider (gl. tollitur) Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482 ). perf. foroxlad (gl. exacta est) Ml. 31a5 .

(a) takes away, abstracts, carries off ; freq. in Laws. im scaideirc focoisle ben ar araile (.i. beris in ben o ceili), Laws i 150.11 (152.32) . athgabail fir focoisle seoit ... (... don fiur foxlus seoit), O'D. 377 ( H 3.17, 286 - 7 ) = Laws v 262 . fer fodacoisle di maigin ... fo teol ┐ taide (.i. fer foxlas leis iad) the man who takes them (viz. bees) away from the precinct iv 202.1 (cf. fodocoisle .i. foxal, O'Dav. 939 ). nach dune dorata a gell ┐ focoissle iarum (.i. iarna toitim i ngill ro fuaitgedh sund e) who gives a pledge and takes it away again (after it has become forfeit) Laws v 422.1 . nach dune dombera a gell ┐ fochoisle ... direnar lānlōg enech ind [ḟ]ir ara foxlaiter ib. 6 . beich bite sechtar faithche, cipe fodaroxla no rodogata `who ever carries them off or steals them' iv 200.1 . gabais in mnaí foa lethoxail deis ┐ fócoislé for forlés in tige, LU 10910 (= TE III § 15 ). ind Ailich Móir furóxail muintir Cluana macc Nois `in A.M. which the community of C. took away' Trip. 80.21 (884) . rofoxal in sruth a luimne dona laechaib .i. a sciatho, Dinds. 57 . foroxlad e as (the letter) e has been taken out of it Sg. 201b8 . fochoissled ... súas R. ... ┐ dolécced anúass was snatched up (into the air) Trip. 130.22 (= focoisled 1506 ). Cf. seichill .i. foxal, ut est: cū seichill focoislethar a muinter féin, O'Mulc. 849 . Distrains (?): ro foxlebaid `the distress will be made' Laws i 218.16 Comm. Cf. focoislither ceithra in teallaigh la cis a neimhidh `shall be distrained for the rent of the n.' iv 6z Comm . = arna forcoisligthear cethrai in tella[i]ch laisin cis sin, O'Curry 846 (< H 3.18, 385a ) (the text is: uracomol cis neimid `land which secures the rent of a n.', one of the seven holdings into which cattle are not brought for entry). ni foroxla taide no cnet ... asrenar cona fuillem `that which is taken away in theft secretly or openly ... shall be paid for with addition' Laws ii 374z (Comm. explains: ni foxlas nech dib o ceile i ngoit; Thurneysen, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 39 , renders: `Alles, was Verheimlichung ... ausgenommen hat', comparing: fidbretha, ... a ndire for treisi, acht ni focoisle cuicthe de, Laws i 182.3 ). Cf. foxlut muige ┐ cricha anudh ┐ dithim cintuigh (gl. fofuiriut anta ┐ dithmunn) ` lengthen ' ii 104 Comm . nochan foxlait muige na cricha anad na dithim doib i 148.17 Comm . (of distresses taken by women).

(b) Acc. to O'Don., Suppl. ` foxlar is sometimes put for fastar `it is bound, confirmed, ' for which statement he refers to the follg.: ó bet [fis ┐ trebuire] araon a n-aoinfecht ann foxlait in cunnrad uile leo amhuil foxlas tochus ┐ innracus enech comlán do neoch ó bet araon a nainecht aige is amuil sin astus fis ┐ trebuire in cunnradh uile leo, O'D. 793 (< H 3.17, c. 569 ) = o beid araon i n-aonfecht ann foxlar in cunnradh uile leo, O'Curry 2393 (< Eg. 88, 30b6 ). is amlaid ro soich lan fiach ar in sellach a cain .i. cethruime ar dul co maigain, ┐ cethruime air ar beth a fiadnaise an marbtha, ┐ cethruime ar beth ina coimitecht o eisinill co inill. ┐ is amail foxlus tochus ┐ indrucas eneclann comlan do duine o bed maraen aice is amlaid foxlus na tri cethruma in cethruma aile cuca, 23 Q 6, 13a37 ( O'Curry 1692 ).

innamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. innamail or dil.ie/28800

adj i (? 5 in- + samail)

I like, equal, similar: cath Muige Rath ... no cath mór Muige hEalta, nocha ninnsamail (? leg. innamail) im rath `are not equal in prosperous results,' Cog. 114.15 . ba hind[am]ail da athair an gilla sin, TTebe 3931 . fá hionamhail do shagartacht Mheilcisideic sagartacht Chríost, Eochairsg. 26.16 . creach mar í ní hionnshamhail is not likely ?, DDána 107 § 8. i.¤ chum able to: ionnamhuil chum iad d'aisdriúghadh, GJ i 3.2 .

II As conj. i.¤ (ocus) as, as if: ionamhail agus bhias an roth ag iompogha ... is mar sin atá an tsiorruidheacht, ZCP iv 432.5 . ionnamail ┐ dodhēnadh turass tempaill Petoir `as if he were to make,' Fl. Earls 208.7 . ionnamhuil doníd na faolchoin cosgar ... as mar sin doníd faolchoin iffrinn ár ..., Mac Aingil 420.6 .

Cf. also intamail, between which and innamail there is some confusion.

1 lus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lus or dil.ie/31106
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: losa, luis, lois, Lusmhach

n u, m. g s. losa. Occasionally o, m. g s. luis, DDána 71.19 . ? n p. lois, see below. IGT Decl. § 72 . plant, herb, vegetable.

(a) In general sense: di l.¤ bis forsnaib caircib dognither in chorcur buide, Tur. 115 ( Thes. i 492 ). propir losa gl. anethi, Thes. ii 46.6 (Philarg. 6 ). luss bongar ind domnuch `a herb that is cut on Sunday', Mon. Tall. 132.19 . conna facabtais cid . . . fér ná lossa hi talam (of birds), IT i 136.3 ( LU 10560 ). na lois isin machaire (: hois), BS 64.3 ( Murphy Lyrics 46.2 ). clochcaop dond l.¤ rouoi a laim Ureisi, Anecd. ii 53.y . l.¤ atcondarc is ind éur . . . Cinnas ind lossa? Amal luachair, Trip.² 2347 - 50 . in arbor / as dech do lossa[ib] talman, Trip. ii 468.9 (of a future saint). i condulg losa talman, O'Mulc. 209 . ag bruith in neich is cain do losaib ┐ co (leg. do) eolusuib do neoch bis a ngalur, Laws i 300.15 Comm . fri beochu ┐ l.¤ ┐ cruacha, iv 118.21 Comm . (perh. in collective sense). in luss bentar dona būaibh / ar toidheacht dōibh asin tṡlēibh, ZCP vii 303 § 8 . gabhoir F. . . . / do-deachadar am lupgort / do itheadar mo losa dhe, Duan. F. ii 136 § 42. Cf. nipsa l.¤ cin fursanna (fursandath, fursannad, v.ll.) a rush(?) without light, Anecd. ii 60.9 (in list of proverbial expressions used of useless or unsatisfactory articles).

(b) In specialized sense of leek as article of diet: l.¤ gl. porrum, Ir. Gl. 810 ( RC ix 239.15 ). fa ceadaightheach doibh buinne losa, Rule of Tallaght 3 . dobert mid di ┐ ingne losa com-bai a maethruidead tria n-a h-agaid cloves of garlic, YBL 164a10 . bairgen ┐ luss ┐ meaduisce `leeks', Fél.² xl 10 . fichi glac losa `handfuls of leeks', Leb. Cert. 154.20 . braon oir tri such losa, Celtica ii 73.126 . gorm amail bis in l.¤ ithter, 85.521 . mar ata l.¤ ┐ uindemuin ┐ gairleog, Rosa Angl. 324.14 . an l.¤, ┐ na huinniúin `leeks', Numbers xi 5.

(c) With defining element. Of generic classes: l.¤ lubgoirt `garden herbs', BCrólige 27 . losa fedha `herb trees', Auraic. 1156 . losa feada; raith, rait, dris . . . spín `bramble-trees', Laws iv 148.1 . lossa serua in díthreba, PH 873. Of healing herbs: l.¤ cech galair a herb for every sickness, Ériu ix 66.11 . l.¤ na sláinte, DDána 2.1 . losa bro[th]chain cacha muige `pot herbs', Laws v 486.12 . lossa i lot Críst / go gcuireann as ar [gcroidhteachaibh], Aithd. D. 61.10 . losa ícce (leigis) curative herbs : lossa ícce, TBC-LL¹ 4211 . do lossaib ícci, 4339 . focherd in láech síde lossa ┐ lubi íci ┐ slánsen i cnedaib, LU 6341 ( TBC-I¹ 1826 ). dobered lossai legis . . . i n-a créchtaib, PH 422 . tucad losa ícce da innsaigid, Acall. 1932 . losa leighis, ML 90.6 . lossae neimnecha `poisonous plants', CCath. 3906 . l.¤ síde fairy (magic) herb: lossa síde ┐ lubi ícci, TBC-LL¹ 2478 . lán a glaici . . . do losaibh sídhe, Acall. 985. Freq. in medical texts and glossaries with attrib. gen. of particular species. l.¤ in cenncosaigh, Irish Texts v 7.7 . See cennchosach. l.¤ na cnó léna gl. virgola fraghinairia, ACL i 334 § 36. gl. calamus palustris, 336 § 98 . l.¤ na corrledan gl. eutropus . . . .i. fed caille, 333 § 7 . l.¤ creidhe burnet, speedwell, Irish Texts v 7.6 . 74.32 . Cf. l.¤ cree gl. berneta, ACL i 326 § 45 . l.¤ chneisi Con gCulann, 23 K 42, 421 . l.¤ na croiche `fennel' (Glossary), Irish Texts v 74.32 . sugh losa na feithlinne `honeysuckle', Rosa Angl. 40.15 . l.¤ na fiadh gl. ferina, Ir. Gl. 183 . l.¤ na frangc (gl. tansetum) tansey, RC ix 225.16 . freamh losa na ffrangc, 23 K 42, 42.1 . l.¤ na himmirce gl. barabastum vel tactus, ACL i 335 § 64. gl. astrologia longa, 336 § 106. l.¤ na laeg gl. barba ursina, RC ix 226.11 . l.¤ na ledan gl. erba fullonum, ACL i 331 § 27. Cf. l.¤ na ledan min (? leg. medan, Ed.), 332 § 56 . l.¤ na ledan, Irish Texts v 68.12 . l.¤ liac: deirgither losa liac gnuisi ┐ aichthi na n-ingen sin foxglove, TTebe 479 . See 1 lía. l.¤ na magrall `orchis', Rosa Angl. 286.11 . l.¤ na meall gl. satyrion, ACL i 328 § 78 . l.¤ na meall Muiri gl. acriola alosantum, 334 § 55. l.¤ na meccan gl. ipoquisdidos, RC ix 236 . l.¤ midi `mouse-ear' (Glossary), Irish Texts v 7.6 - 7 . l.¤ mhna an ghalloglaigh gl. mellisa, 23 K 42, 377.21 . l.¤ na monog bog-berry, ACL i 334 § 8 . l.¤ na mucc gl. crocus ecolicanus . . . .i. liathl.¤ , ACL i 335 § 70 . l.¤ in phapa gl. eufracia alba, ACL i 336 § 103. lus in sparáin = bursa pastoris 'shepherd's purse', Rosa Angl. 108.15 , O'Gr. Cat. 227.10 , Irish Texts v 68 § 54 . l.¤ na sengan gl. serpillum, ACL i 335 § 77 . l.¤ spínan gooseberry plant, ACL i 334 § 35 . l.¤ na sub gl. dens leonis .i. caisearban, ACL i 334 § 43 . l.¤ na mucoired (leg. n-úcaired) gl. erba fullonum, ACL i 331 § 26 (`fuller's thistle', Index).

Compds. With nouns. ¤brígmaire: re los-brighmaire a leagha botanical skill of her physicians, MR 102.18 . -mag. In n. loc. Lusmhach, IGT Decl. § 138 . -ogam, Auraic. 5807. With adj.: ¤chorr: ós linn luschoirr ` weed-thick ', O'Hara 4029 .

See tarb.

mag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mag or dil.ie/31274

Forms: mmág, m., mmag, maige, muge, mmuig, maig, mag, magh, mag, maig, muige, maige, maige, muig-, maig-, muig-, -i, mad(h), magha, maghaibh, magha, mhagha, mhuighe, maig, magh, mhoigh, maig, maige, maige

n s, n. n s. a mmág , Wb. 12a25 . m.¤ n-ísel, O'Mulc. 154. a s. issa mmag , FB 44. g s. maige; muge, LU 3579. d s. i mmuig , Ml. 37d9 ; Mid. Ir. maig, mag. v s. a magh mBregh! AU 918. a mag , Metr. Dinds. ii 16.2 . a maig , 10.1 . g du. i tuaith dá muige , IT i 41.24 . a p. (? n p.) inna maige , Ml. 48d12 . g p. clár-maige , SR 508. In Mid.Ir. muig- is common in disyll. forms, occasionally also in d s.; g s. maig- (muig-)e, -i , often prefixing h to a follg. vowel in place-names. Occasionally written mad(h): Laws ii 104.28 Comm. , Ériu v 114.3 . In late Mid. and early Mod.Ir. the pl. forms magha, maghaibh are common; g s. in magha , Fl. Earls 124.2 ; an mhagha , Bedell Psalms lxxx 13 , Dan. iv 15 (but: mar bhaladh mhuighe , Gen. xxvii 27 ). Treated as fem.: ar in maig féraig forluind, LU 2848. Later usually masc., IGT Introd. § 72. magh (m. and f., declined like teach), ib. IGT Decl. § 31 ; d s. don mhoigh ḟinn, ex. 889 .

(a) a plain, an open stretch of land , usually of an extensive area which may include minor elevations or depressions; freq. corresponds to Lat. campus. Applied to a country in the poetic name Mag Fáil = Ireland. cid caín déicsiu maigi Fail | annam iar gnáis Maige Máir, LU 10854 ( IT i 132 ). m.¤ find frismbein muir, Imr. Brain § 16. fonenaig Herenn iathmaige, Hy. iii 5. forosna iltuatha Herenn uas maig, ZCP iii 223.2 (glossed: uas cach). do prím-maigib hErend, IT i 127.24 . grían már desmaig Midi `on Meath's south plain', Fél. Prol. 226 (loc. case). d'ḟarcsin maigi mor-[ḟ]arsiṅg Mide, TBC-LL¹ 5018. a muig Mairt in the Campus Martius, PH 1825. for senmaig Elta, LL 5b45 = seanmadh, BB 24a19 . for mag mBreg, IT iii 17.3 . bid ro-mag cach ro-ḟid every forest will become a great plain, RC xxvi 44 § 228. fosaighit in cath 'gan muigh sin, Aen. 2517. i mmaig muintire nime, FA 7 = i mmuig LB. i ṁmaig nime, Fél. Nov. 7. do muigh nimhe, BNnÉ 283.25 . Freq. in place-names, folld. by gen., see Hog. Onom. Fig.: i mmag n-aesa .i. for lethet aísi, RC xxvi 26 § 90. m.¤ Réin the ocean (poet.): tar Maig Rén (.i. tar an ffairge), AFM i 112.14 ; see rían. m.¤ Mell, see 3 mell.

(b) in restricted sense a field or green attached to a fort, dwelling, etc. , or used for a special purpose (often in composition with a preceding defining noun); nearly always of uncultivated land . dirróggel . . . Ochter nAchid cona seilb iter fid ┐ m.¤ ┐ lenu wood, field and meadow, Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). rob ail don rechtaire ar in muidhe sin to plough that field, Ériu v 114.4 . robo imdegail cacha slabrai dūn itir m.¤ ┐ tech (of a watch-dog), TBC-I¹ 536. arna raibe scís maigi nā taighi weariness in going out or coming in, Acall. 6584. ar madh na cille, ZCP xii 291.26 . asin cluche-maig play-field , FB 91 , cf. TBC-I¹ 383 , TBC-LL¹ 878. co forodmaig na hEmna, TBC-LL¹ 896. im rasas do murmaige `of thy sea-marsh', Laws i 166.27 . magh taghaill ( = tadaill) the world , ZCP x 50.16 . do chloinn mhuighe thadhaill, PBocht 83 § 19. g s. as attrib.: corcair maige , LU 10852 ( IT i 132 ). míl maige , see 1 míl. Of a field of battle: as cind ( = ós c.?) ind ārmaige, TFerbe 724 . cia ri ruc buáid in maighi | hi torchair mac Fergaile?, ZCP xiii 6.21 .

Fig.: atcii Cuchulaind brundiu na hingene . . . conadh ann aspert . . . `cain an m.¤ so, m.¤ alcuing', ZCP iii 237 § 27 (T. Emere).

(c) in Laws a technical term denoting a certain space or distance: anadh n-aine isin aonmagh uais, Laws ii 106.5 . muighe do riaguil ó forus in bidhbuidh co forus in fechiuman toicheda the `magh'-spaces from the residence of the defendant to the residence of the plaintiff shall regulate it (sc. the length of stay in pound), 104.25 Comm. Defined: is é m.¤ na hathgabala annso airiut rocluintiur guth cluic no gair in cailigh cearc, 108.22 Comm. ; equated with `faithche na mbech' and ` f. na bera airnil' (is iatsin tri muige comarda in seanchusa), ib. 24 .

(d) in advl. phrases with prep.: a mmaig ` out of the plain' = from without ; an early expression which became obsolete in Mid.Ir. owing to confusion with i mmaig. cingthiseom tarsin cathraig ammuig co rrabi thall i mmedón na cathrach, FB 88. tolléci aurchor de tar cathir ammuig (= into the fort), 82 . co tuc cucai amuig . . . co mbai i mmedon na haircce took in (the dove), SR 2575. dia tuc leó . . . ammaig | cenn de Olferne 'sin cathraig, 7227 .

de maig ` from the plain', from without: gairid dam-so Finnabair do maig!, ZCP iv 43.1 . asna hilberlaibh tucsat leo di muich from abroad, Auraic. 1044. do riacht Partholon do mhuich, Leb. Gab.(i) i 44.21 .

i mmag out, outwards , see immach.

i mmaig outside , see 1 immaig.

Compds. mag-ar o, m. cultivated land, ploughland: maghar .i. magh air no treabhtha, O'Cl. Slige Mór mó cech mag-ar `greater than any tilled plain', Metr. Dinds. iii 282. ros-marb dar cach m., iv 74 . ¤brug m. a level march or district: tar magbrugaibh na hEtáile, CCath. 1259. ¤daire an oak-forest on a plain: side gaethe dar cend m. machaire, LL 189a15 (but see also mag- below). ¤less m.: i n-iath Muirid na mag-les `of the lowland steads', Metr. Dinds. ii 30. ¤réid i, adj.: 'mon tir . . . madreid minscothaich Erend ` smooth-plained ', Cog. 52.17 . Usually as subst.: hi maigreidh na hinnsi level surface, RC ix 468.5 . madhreigh, Acall. 4424. do graigib for magreidib, SR 308. do cechaing . . . for magredib mac nIsrahel, Alex. 455. tar madhredhib na hEtaili, Aen. 2781. CCath. 4766. maighreidhe an tíre . . . do shiubhal, AFM v 1264.12 . ¤roen m.: co nderna luaithreadh . . . dona maghraenaibh `field-roads', CCath. 3143. ¤rót m.: is e sin treisi . . . fo thiagaid na heich sin isin madhrod plain-road , ZCP x 298.17 . ¤sliab n. (m.) a table-land, plateau: rancatar . . . indsi móir ┐ mag mor inti ┐ m.¤-sliab mór inti . . . issé férach slemon, RC x 62. caill maighshlebhe, Acall. 885. ar muigh nó ar maighsléib, O'Gr. Cat. 487.15. tar muinchind an maighshléibhe, Hugh Roe fo. 6a .

3 mell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 mell or dil.ie/31898
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: meld

adj (O.Ir. meld) o, ā. pleasant, delightful: meall .i. aibind, Lec. Gl. 25. meall aoibhinn, Metr. Gl. 27 § 35. In lit. the word seems used either as pred. with cop. or as a subst. ba mór meld a acaldam `his converse was very delightful', Thes. ii 291. 14 (Ml. Cod.). ba mór meld a gnás, Ériu iii 106 § 47 (in both exx. the word might be taken as g p. dependent on mór). cach a foferad a midcuardta medracha ara mesce m.¤ , Ériu iv 163 § 27 (perh. subst. preceded by gen.). ? gabh lat go mín milis m.¤ [mall MS.] | t'urnaighthe ┐ do leighend ` pleasantly ', BNnÉ 170.21 (late ex., reading doubtful).

In follg. exx. seems a subst. (ā, f.?) sport, game, revelry? Mag Meld (name of the Irish Elysium), Imr. Brain §§ 34 , 39 (mell v.l.), prob. g p. rí dhúine Muige Mell, SG 256.23 . i ndúnad Muige m.¤ , 257.7 , 9 . ferrdi in liath a Muig Mell (of Christian heaven) Éigse xxix 172 . i n-inis na mell, LU 10097 = i nInis Subai, Imr. Brain Meall ┐ Tēidi ┐ Rocain a tri muige cluiche (of the Tuatha D.D.), BB 35a16 = Mell ┐ Teiti, Lec. 25 a 47 . Cf. further: ailiu laith lam co meild maith, O'Dav. 1218 (I ask to have ale with revelry?); dobeir macdath for cach meild (casts astonishment on every festive gathering?), LL 49b16 ( Hail Brigit § 3 ).

Compds. slogu na maccradh isnaibh meallmuigib `pleasant fields' (? play-fields ), Ériu ii 124 § 69. ? hi meiltmaigib, TBC-I¹ 1064 (rhet.) = hi meltmuigib, LU 5546. ? ni gáubu cetchinta for mnaib meldrígi, LU 5439 = meldirgi, TBC-I¹ 963 (rhet.); 'in truth the first offences are by women of pleasant rule' ZCP xlvii 54 . See also mellbreth.

mín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mín or dil.ie/32283

Forms: mínfir, míngarta

i, adj.

(a) smooth, level, of surfaces; commonly of land, often approaching the sense of arable or fertile . di Moisten míne mrugaib of the marches of smooth Moistiu, Thes. ii 295.5 ( SP v 2 ). Egipt maith mór mín, LL 136a2 . mo ṡlán dá maghaibh míne, Keat. Poems 17. Often as subst. level or arable land: de m.¤ Maige Aí, TBC-LL¹ 107 , cf. TBC-I¹ 1632. do m.¤ Muman, Acall. 5400. i mmin nAiche, ZCP viii 310.2 . min tire, Laws ii 12.24 , glossed .i. curub tir ethimh arable land, ib. 26 . do min tire tri mecon, 238.18 . noí immaire . . . a noí do móin ┐ a noí do mín ┐ a nói do chaill, Lib. Hymn. i 25.6 . edhbrait damh a ttír | eter m.¤ is fráoch, Misc. Hag. Hib. 35.24 . Of rivers, etc., smooth, calm: anfadh . . . ar chuantaibh míne, Keat. Poems 1511. céile Feoire móire míne, 911 . clúmh m.¤ `soft verdure', Gofraidh Fionn ii § 1 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). blá[i]th mín reidh ` smooth ', Eg. Gl. 68.

(b) in moral sense, of persons, conduct, etc., self-restrained, gentle, placid, courteous, docile: ni fuair a samail di rig | eter min ocus anmin, SCC 37. muinter bláith ro-mín, FA 12. ingenai míne, MacCongl. 47.6 . Cog. 78.23 . óenmac Maire míni, RC xvi 382.19 . Tomás m.¤ , Keat. Poems 1098. Goill co mín o a ceim cagaid subdued, tame , Irish Texts ii 21 § 37. ba m.¤ cach meisnech `tame', MR 216.12 . Marcil, m.¤ a medar, Gorm. Nov. 27. doní fiadhchapall don chapall mhín, TSh. 7450. Compar. bá miniu ┐ bá lúathiu a n-imtecht, FB 20 ( easier, freer ? cf. mínluath below). is hé rí as bláthem ┐ as mínem . . . dodánic, BDD 102 (a) . is e bus míne fritso isin teaglach `most civil', Ériu viii 156.11 . ar a druim is mine muir at its smoothest (: righe), Irish Texts 99 § 21. Adv. co m.¤ ┐ co cennais, PH 5829. ro airgestar Medb co m.¤ | co dún Dáire 'n-ar ṅdegthír, CRR 4 (`ravaged easily', Hog. Onom. ; ravaged the land smooth, leaving nothing standing?). ní maoidhte ar Bhrian acht go m.¤ `you should boast in a very restrained way', Content. vi 199 , cf. 143 .

(c) of food, digestible, palatable: is ferr lais . . . ind fit bec m.¤ quam ind fit mór de tuari anmín `a small light pittance', Mon. Tall. § 63. do dheochaibh milse míne, TSh. 562. deocha míne meisceamla, Maguires of F. § 49.

(d) of sounds, soft: .ch. garbh . . . .ch. mín velar ch . . . palatal ch, IGT Introd. § 48.

Compds. Freq. in composition, not always easily distinguishable from min, the sense `minute, fine' of the latter passing into that of `smooth', `exquisite'.

(a) with nouns: ¤acallam: corab tétbind . . . a mínchomrad ┐ a minacallam suave address, conversation , MacCongl. 97.19 . ¤chend: rind ruisc a minchind `of his fine head', AFM ii 870.12 . ¤chomrad, MacCongl. 97.19 . ¤ecor: sioball airgid . . . co míneagur óir `neatly inlaid with gold', BS 4.5 (mioneccor v.l., see min, compds.). ¤fer: pl. mínfir, Gorm. Oct. 24. ¤foirb: ar minfoirbibh an mhuidhe, LL 410a16 = dar minoirbib in muige `smooth surface', MR 176.16 . ¤gaire: dligid mathair m. pious filial care, ZCP iv 468 § 4. mínghaire a mháthar dogníth se, Cóir Anm. 232. fer . . . cen mingaire ` undutiful ', Metr. Dinds. iv 340. ¤gart: g s. a meicc míngarta!, Ériu iv 108 § 69. ¤glór: muir . . . cen m. ` rude-voiced ', Metr. Dinds. iv 234. mínles mór mullaig Hérenn (of Tara), Ériu iv 92.2 . ¤mála: ina minmailgib `smooth eyebrows', BDD 2. ¤mesrad: mínmesraid ┐ daim ┐ tuircc `choice fruit', Ériu iv 124.17 . ¤muir, Oss. iv 262.15 . ¤riar f.: trén ele . . . atá ag gach rí do Laighnibh . . . ocus Maodhocc do mínréir `if M. be propitious (? provided he yields docile obedience to M.), BNnÉ 259.8 ; cf. 251.6 . ¤torad: fo mil fo m., LB 133a18 . mintruaill a smooth scabbard , CCath. 4693.

(b) with adj., forming dwanda-compds. or with those formed from nouns: ¤adbal: ar magh mínadhbul, Acall. 1160. ¤álaind: nónbur ban minalaind, Acall. 7413. ar na macaibh mionnailli, RC xiv 28 § 7. go hEamhain mionálann Macha, xxix 146 § 72 . espug mínbrethach, ZCP viii 215.26 . gné mínchennais, PH 3563 , cf. 4812 . comairli mínchert, LL 209a32 . ¤delbach: port Maodhócc míndealbaigh of gracious form (aspect), BNnÉ 287.24 , cf. port M. míndelbdha , 288.2 . ¤étrocht: i nEmain mínetrocht Macha, CRR 1. Maoisi . . . minettrocht, Cog. 204.11 . ¤find, Gorm. Mar. 21 (min-). ¤gel: aenmac Eithne míngile, Acall. 6812. ¤glan: mac Moire mingloine, Fen. 98.12 . dā cris minglana mesraigthi (the temperate zones), MR 112.17 . ¤gor: mac míngor docile and dutiful, Gorm. May 29. Mane Míngor, BDD 42 , cf. Cóir Anm. 232. frecra mingar moerdaide, LL 149b7 . ¤luath: gadhair a ndegaid míl mínluath muighi, Acall. 7388 ; `after swift and gentle hares', Stokes: of smooth and rapid course? cf. citation from FB 20 under (b) above. ¤maith: meic mínmaithe, Gorm. June 18. ¤málla: mac Muire m., ZCP viii 210.7 . ¤óc: Aed minog ` gentle, virginal ', Gorm. Sept. 22. muinter mínóc, ib. Oct. 4. ¤ráitech smooth-spoken, courteous: ben minraitech, BB 427b4 . ¤réid: a maigib minrédi, LL 233a26 ( TTr. 120 ). LB 123b32 . Maodocc m. `gentle M.', BNnÉ 262.20 . ¤scothach smooth and flowery (? soft-flowering): isin maigin minscathaigh, ZCP viii 562 § 12. mon tir . . . minscothaich Erenn, Cog. 52.17 . ¤seng: Meteill mínṡeng, Gorm. Jan. 24.

(c) rarely with vb.: co ra mínchendsaiged muir was made calm, LL 219b14 (TTr.). dá mínḟéachtar maicne Luirc `if one examines the race of L.', Content. xxix 34 (cf. minféchad s.v. min, compds.).

roibtine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. roibtine or dil.ie/35458

n roughness, boldness (?). See Ériu xiii 184 . As pn sobriquet: Fiacha Roibtine .i. Fiacha garg, Cóir Anm. 115 (called in same passage F. Sroibtine). Fiacha rán roiptine réil, LU 4178 . robtine [robtene v.l.] .i. garg nó ailghen ┐ adeirit curab ainm do Patraic Srabtine, O'Dav. 1340 . raiftine . . . ainm don ghairge, Metr. Gl. 25 § 24 (raiftine `laughter', O'Br. O'R. may be due to mistaking gairge for gáire). roptene .i. gairge . . . ni urg eona in muige, | ni impu mo ghairge roptene, H 3.18 p. 73c ( O'Curry 119 ), where we should prob. read: mo roptene (.i. gairge), see Anecd. i 6 ,

? 3 sam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 3 sam or dil.ie/36116

Forms: Sam-mag

ind sorrel in compd. n. loc. Sam-mag Sorrel Plain : a samhmhuigh Caoimhghin, BNnÉ 155 § 2 . princeps Muige s.¤ `Inish-macsaint', RC xvii 226.21 (Tig.) = p. Maige samh, AU i 168.7 . o Inis Maighe samh, Gorm. Jan. 16 n . See samad.

Load More Results