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? ad-foídi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ad-foídi or dil.ie/445
Last Revised: 2019

v adfaitar do thir tethba tar lind nethni cossin Mumain menide is sent (?), ZCP viii 307.11 , but see PICCS VI 124 , Mankind Quarterly xxix 64 , Studia Celtica Upsaliensia ii 67 . ?ba fás adfoidiu (fria faidi, adfeidhiu, adfeidiu, v.ll., ITS xxxix 46 ) faidim / Eriu aibind iar ṅdilind, LL 542 .

ainces

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainces or dil.ie/1190
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ainces, aingcess, ainces, Aṅgciss, aingcessa, ainchesa, aincesa, angcessa, aincis, aṅceiss, ingcis, aingcis, aiṅgciss, ainciss, aṅceiss, aingcisi, angcisi, aṅgcissi, ainchios, ainches, ánchesa, anchesuib, nAṅgciss

n Form and inflection variable. (i) n s. ainces, Ériu v 94.24 . aingcess, LU 8215 . a s. ainces, Trip.² 172 . g s. Aṅgciss (n.pr.) (: riss), LL 3281 , (: geiss, 3353 ). n p. aingcessa, LU 10831 = ainchesa, Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE2.) (see below). a p. aincesa, Laws v 352.20 . angcessa, Ériu i 218 § 3 . (ii) n s. aincis, LU 6144 ( TBC-I¹ 1657 ). aṅceiss, RC xiii 446 § 27 . ingcis, Ériu iv 54 § 25 . an aingcis , TSh. 3303 . a s. aiṅgciss, TBC-I¹ 263 ( aingcess, LU 4754 ). ainciss, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.30 . aṅceiss, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . g s. aingcisi, BNnÉ 128.27 . angcisi, 126.33 . n p. aṅgcissi, LL 3366 . (iii) ainches (perh. separate word, cf. ceis f. = ceist, Contribb. p. xxvi s.v. cesach) a s. ainchios, A IV 1, 98.10 . d s. ainches, Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2). n p. ánchesa, 178 § 6 (ib.). d p. anchesuib, Laws ii 66.15 .

(a) pain, ailment, complaint: ní no ícad a ances (: les), LU 4292 . a nol meda dí dobreth / nī bo ances cech thucai `'twas no hurt whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v) .i. ni bu domain, 348.26 . cethri . . . cen tedmann cen aṅceiss (aṅces foraib, v.l.), ZCP xi 83 § 28 . forithin gach angcisi etar dáoinibh ┐ cethraibh, BNnÉ 126.33 . ós siabhradh meallta meise / gan súil éirghe ón aincis-se, Dánta Gr. 47.58 . tréde neimthigedar liaig: dígallræ, díainme, comchissi cen ainchiss (ainces, v.l.) `a painless examination', Triads 119 (? or under (c) infra, certain diagnosis). Frequ. in association with galar: ro ícc cech ngalar ┐ cech n-a.¤ , Trip.² 172 . is ed fotera galar ┐ angcessa forsna clanna, Ériu i 218 § 3 . gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.20 . Note also: [fer] . . . don fainicc galar nainches, an unknown disease(?), RC iii 344.20 ( n-ainchis, Aisl. Óeng. 47 § 4 ); ?leg. galar ┐ ainces (but cf. (c) infra). saíba ┐ mortlada, ┐ gallra, ancessa for tuatha, ZCP xi 89 § 18 . Cf. galar .i. gnáthach ┐ aincis .i. ingnathach, O'Dav. 1049 . a sore: gerr ┐ loisg an aingcis 'cut and burn the sore' Celtica ii 34 § 8 .

(b) difficulty, trouble, vexation, annoyance: bid aingcess la Ultu in dal so do gleód it will be impossible, LU 8215 ( FB 16 ). ba aincis mór lei an ro bíth leis día slógaib she was greatly disturbed, 6144 (TBC). ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic he was perplexed about the matter, 8774 ( FB 58 ). is torcda . . . no taí frim mor decrai ┐ mór aingcessa do thabairt form, 10831 = mórdhecrai ┐ mórainchesa `to lay such hardship and infliction upon me', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE2.). iarsain imsaitis for deis / cen sil n-úabair na haincceiss, SR 1126 . noco tucad cucci ríam aṅceiss bud doilgiu leo `a more grievous annoyance', RC xiii 446 § 27 . cach aincis tar a racha a furtacht . . . dó, Acall. 6778 . agh ┐ accais ┐ aingces, LL 404b24 . ní ruirmiu . . . a tainic de ancessaib Eireann, AFM ii 600.17 . aingcis .i. mallachd, O'Cl. Fig. Of persons etc.: o 'tcuala . . . in n-ainceis sin (i.e. Antaeus) icc indredh na hAffraicci, CCath. 2920 . na hamaiti ┐ na haincisi atá ac milliud in tiri, Acall. 6767 . Of weather: bile Tortan trom a ḟúaim / fri hainciss síne rorúaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.30 . ro ferastur tromsneachta mor ┐ aincis ḟuardachta ar in cóiced, Acall. 3508 .

(c) doubt, difficulty, perplexity (frequ. ainches in this meaning): cid dogenaidh . . . don ainches doforfainicc `what will you do because of the doubt that has come upon you?' Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2.). do ceist ┐ do ances for Senchān in scēl sin S. was perplexed and uncertain about that story (the Táin), ACL iii 4.18 . fer dana . . . do ná bi ces na a.¤ i gcetheoruibh rannuibh fis filidhechta, Ériu xiii 18.10 ; cf. O'Dav. 409 : ces .i. gnáthach, a.¤ .i. ingnáthach [ut est] dí na bí ces na a.¤ i cetheoraib randaib fesa na filidechta (so in etymol. gloss on éces: .i. dona bi ces na ha.¤ do fhastodh fair, Laws iv 358.1 Comm. ēces .i. ēcmachtces .i. ēcmacht a ches d[o] airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 ). innis sgéala gan aincheas / nách beam i n-ainbhfeas umad, TD 38.1 . In phrases: atá i n-a.¤ x is in doubt about x: gibé rabh . . . / i n-aincheas bhar n-urfhoghaill `in doubt of thy speech' (i.e. of its meaning), Studies 1921, 74 § 7 . an chúis do cuireadh 'n-a leith . . . do bhí i n-aincheas a hinnill, DDána 63.14 . atá x ina a.¤ for y y does not know about x: sin do bheith 'na aincheas ort that you should not know that, Desid. 259 . ní feas ní 'n-a aincheas orra / d'ailcheas rolla ríghleabhar, DDána 122.16 . bíodh nach raibh orra aincheas `though they were not ignorant', Content. xv 39 . na seinleabhair do léughadh (ni nach bfuil 'na aincheas ar eolchaibh), RC iv 355.12 . fios ionaid an eiseirge / do bí orra 'na ainffios (aincheas, ainchios v.ll.), BNnÉ 198 § 30 .

(d) Legal difficult case or decision: cidh i fis, cid i nanfis, cidh i na.¤ [ro loisced], O'Curry 1168 ( H 3.18, 464a ). Here the `ainces' refers to an act which is not justified but is almost a necessary consequence or condition of one which is justified i.e., a man entitled to slay another has to burn his house to effect it but this he was not entitled to do, Plummer MS notes. lan-fiach . . . a fis, leth fiach i n-anfis ┐ cethraime a n-ances, Laws v 162.2 Comm. cach ninndligidh athgabala acht nimid ime (leg. mini dime) dethbere do ainfis no aincheas, ii 48.12 .i. nocha caoemnucuir gan na neche sin do dénum co inndligthuch, 50.3 Comm. leath fiach cach ainfis . . . ceathruma cach a.¤ , 52.26 . muna fuilet seoit acu [is] ances athgabhala do riagail riu, i 108.10 Comm. nocha racha in athgabail i llobadh dia rabat na deithbir(s)e so air .i. anfis, no ances, no econnus, no etged, 102.22 Comm. di anchesuibh athgabala, ii 66.15 . ma forae neach cinuid [i] nainceas no etghe, iii 66.15 . in t-aidni frisnindli breth .i. noco n-uil acht glanadh ┐ cinnedh luig (= luic, O'Curry 323 from H 3.18, 178a ) ┐ aincesa atarru ┐ in t-ollam, v 100.23 Comm. is tré erchóiliud foillsighter aincesa in betha it is though legal prouncements that the difficulties of the world are made clear, O'Dav. 812 . breth im ancesa tuath, O'D. 1573 (H. 5.15, 5b). lia do fír . . . [f]ri aiṅcessa (ancesa, anchesa v.ll.) mara .i. frisinni is anfis do neoch, forna-fagabthar breth acht fir ṅDe in cases of great perplexity, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 (see p. 64). ainceas a nendac echtrand itir manchu cille, O'Curry 986 ( H 3.18, 424a ). ? is hé . . . ba rí for Mume intan dobreth arances mbrethe alLeith Cuind co Mumain , Fianaig. 30.24 . a.¤ quasi anceps .i. aincid a fis ort, Corm. Y 89 . anches . . . .i. cuntabairt, O'Mulc. 45 .

As n.pr. Ibar macc nAṅgciss , LL 3281 .

airrí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airrí or dil.ie/2368

n (rí)

(a) In native contexts tributary king, chieftain: na secht n-airrig do Mumnechaib, TBC-LL¹ 440 . rí hÉrend is a hairrí, Metr. Dinds. i 14.16 . Mac artain uirrí cenel ḟ., AFM iv 662.5 . airri Brefni, Cog. 148.7 . tuarustal trī n-uirrigh n-oll / da gach uirrigh a Conall, ZCP viii 116 § 14 . don uirrígh, IGT Decl. ex. 505 . an rann tuaidh d'Eirinn cona n-uirrighaibh ┐ cona nardtaoiseachuibh, BNnÉ 230 § 139 . nír' bhe (leg. ní raibhe) airdrí for Mumain . . . acht comard oirrig an equality of sub-kings, Lism. L. 3209 . tigernus na toisech ┐ orlamus na n-oirrig, Ann. Conn. 1309.3 . airri .i. rí fiadaigh .i. righ ḟianaidh, O'Cl. COMPD. ¤-damna: Donnchadh mac Mic Cartaigh aeirrioghdomna Muman, CS 340.26 .

(b) In foreign contexts viceroy, governor: a mbuidnea no erríg gl. satrapae, Ml. 67d17 . P. . . . issé ba h-erri Aegept, SR 3150 . co Point Pilait, cosin errig, LB 223a29 . a.¤ na cathrach L., Anecd. iii 75.7 . do chonsolaib ┐ do herrigaib . . . in domuin, Rawl. 75b41 . airig ┐ airríg . . . na hAssia, LL 234b27 ( TTr. 1312 ).

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airind, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See GOI § 823 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of 1 ar and 1 for).

In Mid. Ir. 1 for and 1 íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airind, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. S. 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth G. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdotāigi, TBC-I¹ 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, ACL iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . GOI § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. GOI § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Stud. i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, GOI § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC-I¹ 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC-I¹ 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib ( oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see 1 cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth G. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth G. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, 1 apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth G. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC-I¹ 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC-I¹ 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etarscarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, 1 pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, ACL iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth G. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, 1 cúis, 1 écndairc, éicen, ecla, 1 gart, midlachas, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desimrecht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terribilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórmach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC-I¹ 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láinléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as[c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla-sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Metr. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobhthar ortha go . . ., Ó Héodhusa 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth G. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, ACL iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were discovered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 ( for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Metr. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain , ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

ar-labrathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-labrathar or dil.ie/4172

Forms: airlabra

v speaks (legal pleads) for, on behalf of: aire tuisi dofet fine comcenel do co rig ┐ aroslabra `and speaks for them', Laws iv 346.23 . fechem ardalabráthar, i 268.16 .i. is e fethem beas ag labrad tar a cenn no ime (sic leg., Plummer MS notes), 302.30 Comm. conn ar-do-labraidtar, v 436.12 .i. in codnach bis ac urlabra tar a cend, 16 Comm. arda (leg. ara, ed.) lesaib labrit(h)er cirt coir who speak for their affairs according to right order (Thurn.), ZCP xiv 379 § 43 ( Laws ii 306 ). is hé arelabrathar Mumain n-uili .i. biad Mumu huile ina gellsine, Laud 610, 99b2 (cited from Meyer Contribb.). ol is tusso ara-labrathar who speakest in his stead, IT ii2 243.28 .

Vn. airlabra.

1 bés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bés or dil.ie/5755
Last Revised: 2013

n (Cf. Hiberno-Latin bes(s)us Latin Letters in Early Christian Ireland xii 207 ). u, m. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 95.

(a) habit, custom, usual procedure, practice; manner, way: ni fil linn in béesso gl. consuetudinem non habemus, Wb. 11c21 . iudide ó béssaib, 10d35 . ithæ inso bésse inna fedb `these are the manners of the widows', 29a3 . ishé didiu a mb.¤ adi intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile gl. more uiuitur bestiarum, Ml. 19d6 . ón bes dóindu gl. homano more, 51d25 . iarsin bǽs doindu, 127d15 . bithbethu iar ṁbes for Dé deis according to custom, SR 1497. modh (ón bh.¤), IGT Decl. § 95 (127.9) . b.¤ modh o eincheill araen (v.ll.), ib. n. 7 . cach cenél dib cona deilb ┐ cona bes ┐ cona aicned foleith (of animals), Ériu ii 126 § 89. gach béas ban da, DDána 114.30 . b.¤ duine dhubhaigh likeness , IGT Decl. ex. 1089. is bes tra . . . briathra na salm . . . do erlabrai ánd `it is customary', Ml. 26c6 . isse a bees . . . fogeir a nggalar in uile corp the disease is wont to inflame etc., Thes. ii 245.33 (Cambr.). is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic leg., note) ilbeim friss, Wb. 4d15 . isé b.¤ ind fir se marbad a óeged, Thes. ii 323.13 (Hy. iv Comm.). With DO: is bées . . . donaib dagforcitlidib molad ingni inna nétside, Wb. 11b6 . is b.¤ tra dosom anisiu, 22c10 . is bes do som tra buith cen chomaccomla, Ml. 28d6 . is b.¤ duibsi . . . ní réidid it is not your wont to drive, LU 5093 ( TBC-I¹ 607 ). is béas don bhláth machuire the field is natural to the flower, DDána 7.3 . With LA and OC: is b.¤ leosom in daim do thúarcuin, Wb. 10d6 . is bǽs linni epert gl. nobis moris est dicere, Ml. 30c3 . ar ba bes la suidib .u. tar hesi ṅí , Sg. 4a9 . ba b.¤ oc Rómanachaib, etc., PH 3291. ní béas eilte d'éis a laoigh / agam I do not practise the habit of a doe bereft of its fawn, DDána 69.25 .

In prep. phrases: (ó) b.¤ , (ó) bésaib: trebait isin cathraig . . . o b.cethecailsi na n-apstal in the Catholic manner of . . ., Anecd. iii 69.25 . Cf. bés (cen bes, v.l.) mora, Lament 88 § 1 . étiud bān bēsaib srotha `white raiment after the fashion of an elder', Ériu ii 66 § 13. ni bia o besaib mogha, Laws iv 16.23 . See Celtica vi 234.z. fo b.¤ : fo b.¤ srotha luaith `in the manner of a swift stream', Wb. 32c16 .

(b) In more specialized sense (particularly in pl.) moral(s), good behaviour: ar chuit óisa et bésa, Wb. 28d24 . cid maith a b.¤ oca thig his conduct, TFerbe 521 . riaglóir . . . / conoathar b.¤ `who preserves good manners' (in a monastery), Ériu iii 106 § 43. intamlid a béssu, Wb. 9a14 . asbera frib coteeet mo béssise gl. uias meas, 9a17 . bési nodaberat inæclis, 28d26 . inna mbéso (`rather bése,' note) sainemlae gl. morum, Ml. 30d15 . ar indí atreba bésu aristotil, Sg. 33a29 . cen buaidred ar do béssaib `no deterioration in thy conduct', PH 7552. do bhéasa ód óige = thy manner, Jeremiah xxii 21. ar bhéasaibh ná ar mhíbhéasaibh, DDána 120.29 .

(c) Legal customary (annual) (food-) rent (glossed biad uais, Laws ii 222.14 Comm.), tribute, etc. (see ZCP xiv 340.19 , Críth G. p. 75 , PRIA xxxvi C 283.25 ): sudiges bēs foruib nō cacht (etymol. of forbasach), Corm. Y 658. turcrec cacha besa of every annual rendering of tribute (Thurn.), ZCP xiv 341 § 3a . ná[d] fuiln(g)e a b.¤ tar molt cona ḟosair. Ma ḟorbera folud a thige . . . co mbí b.¤ a thige and íarna míad, Críth G. 80 , 83 . do berthar boin cech lis a Mumain duit . . . acht na derntar bes de, RC xliii 16 § 10. fri comus a mbesa ┐ a císa doib `to assess their tributes and taxes', Ériu xii 162 § 2. v. tricha in rig do ┐ cis ┐ bes do estib `rent and tribute for the five King's Cantreds', Ann. Conn. 1235.19 . See airchenda

Note also: b.¤ gl. idioma, Ml. 51c25 , 62d8 . dun b.¤ ebraidiu gl. Ebreco idiomati, 71c11 . anat n-uaibrigthi in bæsai cosecarthi gl. ritibus sacris, 100c16 .

Compds. bésgnethid gl. morigera, Thes. ii 3.29 . trisin ṁbæstindrim gl. per tropologiam, Ml. 41a2 . 48c11 .

bráenach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bráenach or dil.ie/6471

Forms: braenachu, broenach, brainech

adj o, ā (1 bráen) shedding drops; wet, moist; well-watered: braonach .i. brónach, O'Cl. neolla braenachu (a p.) `rainy clouds', CCath. 3921. broenach dewy (of paradise), SR 977. for bruinnib betha broenaig, 8092 . for bith barrglass broenach, Gorm. Ep. 1 (p. 250) . fian tolcha braonuighe Breagh, TD 9.44 . mo p[h]enn beg brāenach `my . . . dripping pen' ( GJ viii 49b1 ), ZCP xiii 8.12 . pn As laudatory epithet of warriors: múadblosc b.¤ (of Mac Cecht), LU 7193 (BDD). fer broínech dub (of Cú Ch.), 8673 ( FB 51 ), brainech (?), 10218 (Tochmarc Emere). ropsat bróenaig (:róenaib) a daig-ḟir ` blood-stained ', Metr. Dinds. iii 314.7 .

As subst. Mumaín in braenaig toirtig truim M. the humid . . ., BB 62a28 . o ros báidh an braenach bróin the lamented one, AFM ii 594.z .

clethchor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clethchor or dil.ie/9462

n o, m. (1 cleth + 1 cor) palisade, fence, hurdle : Cré is Caire na clethchur `of the palisades', Metr. Dinds. iii 276.15 . Attrib. g s. Mumaín . . . / in coclaig craebaig clethchuír, BB 62a30 . In n.loc.. ainm an inaidh sin . . . Druim Cleathchóir, SG 23.15 . In various applications: dá chrand cháela táeb re táeb / sesin féin ar cleathcor cháel `on a narrow hurdle' (of a corpse), Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 13 . cona bai [ní] ic congbail a inne . . . ann acht an clet[h]cur sleg seimnech sithremar batar comtharsna trena cnes, CCath. 3635 . clethchur fiacal imma cend, LL 4582 . iter c.¤ ndub ṅdaelabrat, BDD² 1020 (`a fence of eyelashes', Gloss.). Of an array of warriors: ollmass in cethrur . . . / ba clethchur sáer co sognass, Metr. Dinds. ii 66.10 ( LL 25673 ). cleathcur fa calma in cach cath / in ceathror merda menmnach, iii 358.31 . cleathchur .i. cráobha coibhneasa no gega comhgháoil, O'Cl. da fer dec is cethri cain / ropo chlethchur co cetaib (of a line of kings), Rawl. 163a13 . c.¤ coem (name of a metre), IT iii 51 § 94 . fiscomarca filed .i. duili berla ┐ clethchor choem, 49 § 91 .

cochlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cochlach or dil.ie/9901
Last Revised: 2019

adj o, ā (cochall) lit. hooded; wearing a hood: a ch[l]eirchen chochlaich, AU i 224.1 . mær na bachla cochlaige, BColm. 96.22 . a dhreach ch.¤ , DDána 80.14 `feargach', Gloss. ( IGT Decl. ex. 17 ). Of an eye, heavy-lidded : mun súil n-uaine gcochlaigh gcuirr 'about his green, lidded and lustrous eye', Giolla Brighde 58 § 19​​​​ . ruisc cochlacha caindelta, Aen. 349 . folt c.¤ luxuriant, Dánta Gr. 24.6 . eoin cochlacha `crested', Dán Dé xxv 28 . A. an cheóil cochlaigh, Top. Poems² 1039 `thrilling', Top. Poems 88.7 . i fidbaid chochlaig chleathchóir `shrouded', Metr. Dinds. iv 26.18 .

As subst.: ? ni celldar in cochlaigh, Todd Nenn. 152.3 . Mumaín in braenaig . . . / in coclaig cráebaig, BB 62a30 .

Compd. na ccamóg ccochluichthe (: uirthe) `wavy warm', O'Hara 3368 .

comaithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaithech or dil.ie/10692

Forms: cuíbhtheacha, comaid-, comaich-, comaig-, coimith-, coimid-, coimich-, coimig-, comaigthech, coimhthigheach, coimhithigheach, coimthech

(comaithe) Form v. variable. Cf. cuíbhtheacha (pl.), Trompa na bhF. 718 . See Éigse ix 163 .Also comaid-, comaich-, comaig-, coimith-, coimid-, coimich-, coimig-. In Mid. Ir. freq. comaigthech (cf. comhaithchech, Ériu xiii 21.30 ) and, in later lang., coimhthigheach ( Oss. v 12.10 ), coimhithigheach ( Gen. xvii 12 ), coimthech ( TTebe 482 ), etc.

I Adj. o ā belonging to a neighbour; belonging to another, not one's own, not related; unusual; extraneous, foreign, alien : leth aithgin . . . dam dia cethraib fein . . . aithgin ma cethra comaithche `neighbouring cattle', Laws v 156.10 Comm. cat c.¤ sin, ┐ da madh hé cat na cuile bodein . . . a cat not belonging to the house, O'D. 2012 ( Eg. 90, 15b ). do eclais bunaidh ┐ da eclais comaithig unconnected, 1583 ( H 5.15, 7b ). da mnai fein . . . do mnai coimithigh, Laws ii 418.1 Comm. a crích comaithig, LL 8116 . na cáin do bhen as comair dhaoine gcomaighthech `strangers', Ériu v 128 § 21 . eachtrand nó ciniudha comaighthe, CCath. 5808 . do chum an chatha comhaithigh, TFrag. 106.8 . bērla comaidheach foreign language, RC xxiv 383.10 . gídh coimhighech sin aniu (of the use of the title `rí' for Ó Dubhda), Hy Fiach. 298.16 . tre briatraib . . . mna caime . . . coimithi, RC xi 320.13 . a curadaib comithi, TTebe 1547 (comidhthi, v.l.). for ferand c.¤ on land belonging to another, Fél.² xxv n. 206 . re cach coiccrich coimigthig, Hy Maine 88.9 . ní comhoightheach unhereditary, Top. Poems² 1022 . gairdiughadh comhaithach = extraneus, ITS xxix 127.26 . connsaine com[haidh]each an extra consonant (not found in n s. rí, fili), Bard. Synt. Tr. 221.7 (p. 166) . connsuine comhuidheach ar a dheireadh, mur tá so: rí ┐ mac an ríogh, IGT Introd. § 132 . Crích Muman . . . / tucsat fa cruth comhoigeach `brought . . . into strange guise', Ériu iv 222 § 40 . an chlann comuighech = alienus, Smaointe B. Chr. 4768 . mar mnaoi comhaigthigh, 1528 . o mogh (= -dh) nua comhuighech = inconsuetus, 2927 . innus nach beth briathur Dia comhuighthech oruinn foreign to us, 2312 . dul san chlaochládh choimhidheach putting on a strange appearance (of a ruined dwelling), Measgra D. 56.28 . bhudh í an chara chomhuightheach `a queer kind of friend', O'Hara 1272 . cenēl comhaigthech do thruailledh fīr-f[h]ola na rīghachta, Fl. Earls 224.9 . an chuid chomuidheach = `lo ageno', Desid. 756 . a chuid do ní choimhidheach `share of something belonging to another', Parrth. Anma 3459 . an peacadh do mhédúghadh 'na nádúir féin gan peacadh coimhitheach do thabhairt chuigi unrelated, Mac Aingil 2948 . coinfeasóir coimhitheach do thabhairt . . . do mhnáibh riaghalta . . . seach an ccoinfeasóir ngnáthach unaccustomed, 2809 . na dée comhaightheacha = deos alienos, TSh. 7046 . gach ladrann caethach `every foreign churl', O'Rah. i 8 .

In religious verse freq. of the body, perh. in sense of hostile: ná hiarr orum / do riar, a cholann chomhaidheach, Aithd. D. 61.5 . corp comhuidheach . . . / olc dobhuidheach doiriartha, 80.29 . a chalann chomhoidheach, Dán Dé xxii 21 . an chuirp chomhoidhigh, PBocht 6.30 . is mé ceangailte a cclí choimhthigh, Párl. na mB. 2010 (= chuímhthig, 4039 ). Adv. diarr se go coimthigeach bainne ┐ leanna anéineacht air, ITS xvi 142.z (`with an ill-timed request for milk').

II Subst. o, m. comhuidhech comhuithech coimhidhech coimhithech m., IGT Decl. § 23 .

(a) neighbour; person who is in comaithches and subject to its regulations: dligid cach c.¤ diarailiu tuididin usci `each neighbour', Coibnes 10 ( Laws iv 212.30 ). hi t(h)ir comaithich bes comoccus doib, Laws iv 192.10 . on do econn berar a commainib c.¤ which is given out of the joint funds of fellow tenants, v 370.4 . frisna cethri comaithchiu ata nesom immidbiat fri da taeb `to the four neighbours next to him on the two sides', i 260.10 ( .i. risna cethra comithigh ad comnesa dó, 274.27 Comm. ). slan fairgse mbrogaid mbruidrechta ingraide tire comdidan coímitheach, iv 48.13 . ardmeas comaitheach the assessment of the neighbours, O'D. 2416 ( Rawl. B 506, 53d ). diambí aír no lesainm adlia .i. dia foclat comaithigh co lilfi fri ré a í ┐ a iarmui, 976 ( H 3.17, 679e ). cath etir do thuaith-siu . . . ┐ a comaithgiu = inter tuam gentem et aliam, Lat. Lives 86.11 . comaithig immorro do Maelodrān Huī Māil ┐ ba holc immorro a chomaithchess doib, Fing. R. 954 . cocartte (.i. comaithich) sin do Dessib Maige Breg, Rawl. 134a1 . Sidon cona chomaidchib, LL 16287 . cech uli glacad . . . d'a ṅdingir ar chomaigthech one who is not related, PH 7541 (`a stranger'). bó cach liss i Mumain ┐ uinge cach comaithig `house-owner', MacCongl. 57.11 . With implication of inferiority, small-holder(?): deroile do chineoil . . . uair mac comaithigh thu, TFrag. 202.10 . an tan lámhuid comhaitigh . . . eirgidh a n-aighidh saorchlann, 236.8 .

(b) stranger, alien, foreigner, outsider : cethri cinnu c.¤ , LL 8230 ( TBC-LL¹ 787 ). coimighthi no amhuis, Ériu viii 121.12 . comaightech gl. alienigena, Ir. Gl. 314 . o chomichib (contrasted with o na comarsannaib), PH 7574 . fer tigi n-aideag cotchind do cliaraib ┐ do comaigtib, Ann. Conn. 1249.16 . caomhthach gach chomhuidhigh, DDána 70.21 (`friend of every stranger guest', Ir. Monthly, 1920, 652 ). ' com facbail aonur itir comaighechaibh, Grail 736 . cossin ceth[r]or comothech assin cetharaird `the four strangers', Misc. Arch. Soc. 136.4 . go dtobhaighthir do thamall / ar chomhaighthibh cumann `that love may be got for a time (even) from foes', PBocht 4.20 . coimhidhigh chláir groighigh Grég, IGT Decl. ex. 832 . ar comhaithechaibh = strangers, RSClára 127a .

con-saídi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-saídi or dil.ie/12287

Forms: cosaít

v (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 605 ) complains about; stirs up, excites, sets at variance : con sai alaile iudea / iosa complained about(?), Blathm. 90 § 3 con-saíd `upbraided', Ed. césad . . . / C. consádu (consaidiu, v.l.) I deplore (?), Fél. Jan. 23 (`I set together', as compd. of sáidid, perh. correctly). cotusaisi a les-mathair on nogatad si cach ni, Vita Br. 13 , leg. cotasaíd-si `her stepmother accused her of stealing everything', Gwynn Ériu xi 153 (see Blathm. p. 154 ). annad ruba contṡuidi, LU 1469 = a nnad ruba con-soídi, MU² 945 `whom he cannot kill he sets at loggerheads', Gloss. = a nad rubad cosaídi, LU 6600 = cotsūidi, TBC-I¹ 2071 . ? isī cotanasōide `who has egged us on', Fianaig. 16.11 . consāid in rī rūad oirb `bestritt die Erbschaft', Ält. Ir. Dicht. 18 § 18 ( Corp. Gen. 9.9 ). cath i C. consóid (: bóid). ZCP xii 237 § 60 . consāidhfe co cendaib troch / . . . im Chlōenloch will stir up strife, 233 § 46 . is e consaithbe T.B.C. (consaidfe, v.l.), IT ii2 245.56 . ? mac Duib C. conodsoid / macan in tairb ol-Loch Loig, RC x 224.161 .

With follg. prepp.: consáiter cath eturru ḟo chumlund hic Āth M. `an equal battle is waged', Fianaig. 34.12 . consaiter debuid aturru o sen, IT iii 235.z . (Impers.) consáiter etrunni trouble is being stirred up between us, 244.1 . consaidfie for (fri, v.l.) Mumain móir. Firfid cath etc. , ZCP iii 466.4 . cotsāid fri F. (`she incites F.') she stirred up a quarrel with F., RC xxv 346 § 2 . ? ní nos manib fri fir consaidfe ina traothad olc, O'D. 576 ( H 3.17, 443 ).

Vn. cosaít.

See cosaítid.

2 cuchtair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cuchtair or dil.ie/13422

n d s. (cf. 1 cucht?): tachar friom-sa fó'n c.¤ (: d'Ultaib) / tucsam sochraiti . . . / a Mumain . . . luchtmair, SG 321.20 , `c.¤ mode, manner ' citing this ex., O'Don. Suppl.

2 cunnamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cunnamain or dil.ie/13942

n In class. verse in meaning of congbáil. Exx. from Laws may belong to cundoman, if in fact this is a separate word. c.¤ connamhain f., IGT Decl. § 10 . act of retaining, maintaining : a c.¤ gha thig `kept at his house', Laws iii 156.1 Comm. cuicthi fri condamhain, O'Curry 785 ( H 3.18, 367a ). re cundamna na set do berar an éiric foghla hic.¤ Cúicthe fri cunnamna coir, . . . cúicthe fri cundamna . . . cúicthe fri c.¤ , O'D. 574 - 5 ( H 3.17, 443 ). srian as cáir da connamhain `should restrain her', Aithd. D. 81.2 . Donnchadh mór isin Mumain / ac Dál Chais ga chunnumhain, IGT Decl. ex. 327 . crodh do chonnamhain a chruidh, ex. 326 .

Dartaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dartaid or dil.ie/14702

Forms: Dart, Dartada, Darta, Dairte, Dairthe, Dartuid, Dairt, Darta

i, npr. f.

I Daughter of Regamain. nom. Dart, TBD § 16 (twice). gen. Dartada; syncopated: Darta TBD § 14 , § 16 Eg. Dairte, ib. § 16 YBL. Dairthe, § 14 YBL. dat. Dartuid, TBD § 9 Eg. Dairt, ib. YBL. The ā-inflexion in the YBL-version of TBD is based on the syncopated g s. Darta. táin bó Dartada LU. YBL. Eg. IT ii 188 sq. dia tucsat...táin bó Dartada ingine Regamna a Mumain , Dinds. § 61 . do breith Dartada, TBD § 11 . gu ránicc tech nDarta, ib. § 14 Eg. (nDairthe YBL.)

II The eponymous ancestor of Dartrige, cf. moccu Dartado: Molasse m. h. Dartada, LL 368 a 20 . Rawl. 90 d 28 . Molaisi mc. h. Dartada, BB 227 e 17 . Cuimmin mac Lugdach Insi mac ua Dartadha, Mart. Don. May 21 .

LOC. Clúain Dartada, Rawl. 92 a 15 . 127 a 12 . Aedán ó C. D., Gorm. Feb. 12 ; v. Hog. Onom. 261 . Imlech nDarta: I. nDairte, TBD § 16 . Cf. dartaid.

dedail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dedail or dil.ie/14976
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dedil, dedail, deadail, dedhail, deaghloi-ne, dedhailti, degulta, dedail, dédlib, dedhlaib, deghailt, deighilt, deaghailt, deighilt, dedail, dedail, deaghailt, deighilt, deighilte

i (di- + 1 dál, cf. Welsh diddawl, LEIA D-35) By native grammarians explained as a cpd. of privative de + fedil `yoke': dedil .i. cen fedil...dedil cen cuimrech, O'Mulc. 298 . —n s. dedil, O'Mulc. 298 . dedail: LL 21 b 14 . 156 a 43 . 192 b 6 . 216 b 28 . SG 353. 4 . AFM i 216. 2 (old poem). CCath. 3380 . deadail MR 252. 7 YBL. dedhail, ZCP i 62. 13 (12th century), &c.g s. ár deaghloi-ne , Gadelica i 11 § 3 (ca. 1600). dedhailti, CCath. 5281 . degulta, PH 7342 (if not from † dedlad).— n du. dedail, BB 318 b 34 .—d p. dédlib, LU 64 b 12 . dedhlaib, ACL iii 295 st 25 .—In late Mid.-Ir. pronounced deghailt and so written, O'Dav. 676 . TSh. 35. 3 f.b. Rel. Celt. i 146. 2 f.b. deighilt: Eg. 142, p. 330 . Gadelica i 12 § 11 v.l. ITS iii 96 . Tadg G., FitzGer.—MOD. deaghailt, deighilt (-eigh-as in leigheas), Waterf.

RHYMES : dedail (n s.) : lethain, SG 353. 4 . dedail (d s.) : Cendselaig, BB 232 a 30 .

I Act of disjoining, parting, separating, quitting . With fri, Mid.-Ir. re, la, Mod. la ( ó, Rel. Celt. ii 238. 12 ). deil... .i. dedail, Laws iv 114. 2 . derla .i. deghailt nó dealugud, O'Dav. 676 . deadhail .i. sgaoileadh nó dealughadh, O'Cl. Lhuyd. Synon. imscarad, TSh. 32. 22 . Opp. cur la, AFM v 1688. 22 .

(a) in a material sense: traigh coruige deil nordan .i. co dedail na ordan .i. troig corrici in inad i ndeiligenn in ordu risin traigid, Laws iv 114. 2 = O'Dav. 715 (v.l. degail, ib.). mínslabraidh ic fúaigel in chathbairr sin i ndrolaibh na lúirighe...coná bái cumang a ndedhailti noco ndeiligti do réir a aìccenta iat, CCath. 5281 . PROV. is dedail smera re smuais the parting of the marrow from the bone AFM i 216. 2, A.D. 593. H 2.16 , col. 689 . Manners and Customs iii 251 n.

(b) transf.

(1) of persons : ar ndeadail (v.l. ndeghail) re Congal, MR 252. 7 YBL. SG 35. 26 . a chúiged gan chennach arna deadail re derbḟine, MR 218. 2 . rommarb tart i cind sléibe Senmairgge. and fríth a dedail ria dreim, LL 216 b 28 = BB 370 a 35 . ic degail re hElga, Fen. 284. 14 . doragha sa dum ṡaighidh se ┐ bemait cen deghail dogrés, CCath. 1467 . cen d.¤ ria (sc. risin cathraig), 1805 . oc gabáil ceda ó Dhia cumm degulta ris, PH 7342 . ní bás acht deighilt re Dia, Eg. 142, p. 330 . ag deghail risan tTighearna, Hosea i 2 . gan meadair móir gan debaid ndéin degail rer tír, Add. 30512, fol. 30 a 2 . tír re ndocra dedail SG 353. 4 . dobered dedail claidib eturru, CCath. 2446 . doghníd na drochsmúaintighthe deaghailt idir dhuine ┐ Dia, TSh. 35. 3 f.b. dom degail re[a] dreich rabhuigh, Ériu iv 214. 1 . gur bo héiccen dó dedhail fria eoch co nerbail, AFM vi 2162. 13 . deaghuil ruibh, Gadelica i 11 § 5 (circa 1600) ; ib. § 3 . a deighilt leis ní cuibhe go bráth ITS iii 96. 5 . Rel. Celt. i 141. 11 ; 146. 2 f.b. ii 140. 2 f.b. ; 238. 12 .—With the definite article : a special instance of parting . robo leasc la Poimp ┐ la Cornelia in dedail sin, CCath. 3380 . dursan daṁsa an deaghuil sin le grían, Gadelica i 12 § 11 .

(2) of things : Tuadhṁuṁa do deadhail ré cóicceadh Connacht ┐ a chur lásan Muṁain , AFM v 1688. 22 . d.¤ Osraidhe, 23 E 26 p. 291 . PROV. is deghail cuirp fri hanmain limsa scaradh frit, ZCP iv 384. 32 (15th century). an anam ┐ an corp do dheaghail ┐ diomsgaradh re chéile, TSh. 32. 22 .

II Condition of being scattered : doim ac dedhail má doirib, SG 102. 6 .

III Act of desisting or ceasing from (fri) : slóg can degail re debaid, Hy Fiach. 186. 11 . A ceasing : carais Ciarán ...uṁalóid nár dian dedhail, ZCP i 62. 13 .

IV A distinction, a discrimination, a setting down. cúig glúine déag réa ndeaghoil (v.l. ndeadhail)...suas ó Éibhear go hÁdhaṁ, Keat. 1523 . — dá ernail dno .i. dá ḟírdedail didiu forsna consainib lasin laitneoir, BB 318 b 34 .

V Frequent in old poetry (esp. in chevilles) in various senses : Fergus...cóiced rí déc dedail dron : gab Emain iar Conchobor, LL 21 b 14 (cf. sense IV). bid maigen dedail cen díl : ón tṡíl roṡelaig rosuan, ib. 192 b 6 . Miss fúair cen dedail (sic leg., cf. BB 377 a 15 ) de : saerdruim Senaig, 198 a 54 .—biathad dá thráth dég... : ó rí Tulcha Og gan dedail (cen deaghail, Lec.) BB 269 a 12 , cf. Leb. Cert. 36. 11 (cf. sense III). Caimín Dima iar ndeadhail : do ṡíl Enna, BB 232 a 30 . iarsin a dual fria deadhail : rodosealaigh sluag Sereadh, 36 b 24 .—dedhlaib duaine (at the verse-end), ACL iii 295 st 25 (9th century). The sense is doubtful in TBC-LL¹ 828 YBL : is amlaid romarbtha in lucht sin O. ina dind tri maic Garchon fora náth Fertedil ina dedil (dédlib LU 64 b 12 ) Maenán ina dind ; cf. dédail.

MOD. deaghailt, deighilt, gen. deighilte (deadhla P. O'C.), v. supra. a separation, divorce, severing, parting, putting asunder P. O'C. Dinneen a discharge, a divorce , Coneys. O'R. Obs. in Sc.

do-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-beir or dil.ie/17216
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: do-ucc, do-bert, do-rat, tuicsiu, tabair, taber, tabar, taibred, tabrad, taibrem, tabram, taibrid, taibrith, tabraid, taibret, tabrat, dobiur, dodasbiur, doberim, thabur, nis-tabor, dubir, dobir, dobere, tabair, dobeir, dober, tabir, tabair, doberam, taibrem, thabrum, d-a-berid-si, doberat, doberait, fuantaibret, thabrat, doberad, dobertis, do-m-beirtis, tabratis, doberae, taibre, toibre, thobri, dumbera, taibrea, thobrea, tibri, doberum, donberaid-si, doberthi-si, tabraid, du-m-berat, dusmerat, thabrat, dubertha, doberthusa, doberad, taibred, taibreth, doberthe, dobéer, dobér-sa, tiber, thibér, tiubér, thiubar, doberae, tibéræ, dos-mbéra, thibre, tibrea, tiubrae, dobérat, thibreat, dobēraind-sea, tiobhrainn-si, tibartha-sa, tiubharta, domberad, nandatiberad, tibred, nachis-tibred, dobérmais, tibrimmis, tiubhrumais, tiurmais, do-sm-bérthe, tibertais, nis-tibritis, tiuradais, do-m-biurt, dondmbiurtsa, dobert-sa, dobirt, dobertais, dobert, dubbert, tobert, contubert, contubart, dosbertar, do-s-bertatar, tubertatar, tubartadar, dobertsat, dobreth-, dobreth, dobretha, dobrethsat, tabarr, taborthar, tabraiter, doberr, dober, do-berar, duberar, doberair, tabarr, tobarr, tabar, dobertar, tobertar, tabartar, doberthe, dobertha, tibirthi, dubertis, dobertis, doberthar, do-m-bertar, dopartar, tabarthae, tabarthe, dubertis, dobertais, dobérthar, dubérthar, tibérthar, bērtar, tibertha, tibertais, dobreth, tobreth, tubrad, tabrad, tobrad, dobretha, tabart(h)ae, tabarthi, tarti, tartat, tardatis, tart-sa, dord-sa, tartar, conas-tarddur, tarttai, durata, dorata, tarta, condarta, tharda, fris-tarddam, dorattid-si, tartaid-si, tharddaid-si, doratat, conda-tardat, condartin, condardad, tarddad, thardad, tartaitis, doratus, doratas, tharddusa, tartus, doratis, doratais, duratais, duratis, donrátais, dartais, tharddais, dorat, doratastur, tarat, tarat, condadarat, tard, doratsam, doratsamar, tartamar, daratsid-si, doratsaid, thardsaid, doratsat, doratsatar, tartsat, tardsat, conda-tarsat, tartsatar, ní tartisset, doratar, dorattar, tartar, condartar, dorataiter, ndartaiter, tarta, tartha, doratad, doradad, doratath, tartad, dardad, tardad, dorata, doratta, tarta, tuic, tuic, do-n-uc, tuc, tucaid, tuicet, dofuci, do-t-tucai, duduccai, tucait, dofuctais, conos-tuc, conda-tuc-si, conda-tucc, tucar, tuicce, tuigi, tucair, tuca, tuccas, conos-tucam, thucaind, nacha-tucad, conna-tuctais, do-n-uccus-sa, tuicais, dofucais, rothucais, tucais, do-n-uic, du-n-uic, d-a-uic, duuic, duic, tu-n-uic, tuicc, tuic, tuic, da-uc, duuc, tuc, doḟuc, domfuc-sa, doruc, rodatuc, tucastair, tugasdair, dofucsam-ni, da-b-ucsum, tucsam, tucsam, tugamar, tucsaid, tucsabair, du-nn-ucsat, dofucsat, tucsat, tucsatar, tucthar, con-ducthar, thuicter, duccatar, tuctha, ducad, tuccad, tucad, tuiced, fofuctha, tucait, do-ucci, tucu, dofuca(a)im, tuicim, do-sn-ucci, dusn-ucai, dorucai, tuicci, thuccai, tucci, tucai, tuice, do-uicim-ne, tuigmít, dofucaid, do-nd-ucet, thuccat, thucat, thuicit, tuigit, tucad, tuctais, tuicce, condid-tucce, tucca, do-nd-uccam, tucid, -tuccid, conducaid, nis-tuccin, dos-fucad, rothucad, condid-tucmis-ni, tuicfe, tucfa, dofucfa, tucfa, da-ucbaid-si, tucfait, nodafucfad, dofucébad, tucus-su, rothuic, thuiccestair, tucsid-si, do-tuicetar, tucsat, tuicset, duucthar, dohucthar, tuucthar, tucthar, tucatar, tuctar, du-n-ucthar, conducthe, tuccfither, dofuicfind, tuicti

v (* to-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 469 ), gives, places; brings, gets . The perfective forms are supplied, in the meaning gives, places , by *to-rat-, in the meaning brings, gets by *to-ucc-; in later lang. the perf. do-ucc (tuc) gradually takes the place of do-bert and do-rat and is sometimes used to gloss the two latter, cf. tard .i. tug, O'Cl. Forms of *to-rat- are, however, permissible in bardic verse, see IGT Verbs § 14 . The perfective *to-ucc- (lit. can bring ) also forms a complete paradigm without distinction of perfective and non-perfective forms, with the meaning understands (later tuicid) the vn. being 2 tabairt later replaced by tuicsiu.

Ipv. 2 s. tabair, Ml. 27c12 , 87d12 . taber, Thes. ii 250.16 . tabar, TBC-I¹ 1482(LU) . 3 s. taibred, Wb. 22b7 , 12 . tabrad, PH 6017 . 1 pl. taibrem, Wb. 13d15 . tabram, PH 3757 . 2 pl. taibrid, Wb. 16c17 . taibrith, 6a20 . tabraid, Corm. Y 323 , PH. 3 pl. taibret, TBC-I¹ 2980 . tabrat, PH 6137 , etc.

Indic. pres. 1 s. dobiur, Wb. 14a20 . dodasbiur, Anecd. ii 16 . doberim, PH 2764 , etc. ní thabur , Sg. 179a4 . nis-tabor, 204b5 . 2 s. dubir, Ml. 105d4 , 110d13 . dobir, Thes. ii 249.1 , 2 , 3 . dobere, -i, PH 1777 , etc. ní tabair , Ml. 63c13 . na tabrai, SR 848 . 3 s. dobeir, Wb. 21a13 . dober, 14b15 . TBC-I¹ 62 , 71 (LU), etc. ni tabir , Wb. 14b15 . ní tabair , Sg. 214a5 . 1 pl. doberam, Wb. 13b15 . ní taibrem , 15c9 . ní thabrum , PH 2070 . 2 pl. d-a-berid-si, Wb. 24c16 . 3 pl. doberat, Wb. 15b2 . PH 1135 . doberait, PH 2652 , etc. Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.10 , etc. fuantaibret, Ml. 45a3 . ni thabrat , PH 1952 . Impf. 3 s. doberad, TBC-I¹ 279 . 3 pl. dobertis, Ml. 54c30 . do-m-beirtis, 90d17 . co tabratis , PH 6290 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. doberae, Ml. 106c1 , cf. 94d4 . ni taibre , Wb. 29a22 . ni toibre , a20 . mani thobri , ZCP viii 313.4 . 3 s. dumbera, Ml. 40c21 . ceni taibrea , Ml. 93a9 . mani thobrea , Wb. 4c20 . nā tibri , SR 1659 . 1 pl. doberum, PH 5819 . 2 pl. donberaid-si, Wb. 16c9 , cf. 8d21 . doberthi-si, PH 5785 . ní tabraid , Wb. 6c1 . 3 pl. du-m-berat, Ml. 40c21 . dusmerat, Mon. Tall. 144.14 . ni thabrat , Corm. Y 1059 . Impf. 2 s. dubertha, Ml. 130d15 . ma doberthusa , Anecd. iii 30 . 3 s. doberad, Wb. 32a12 . mani taibred , Ml. 35c26 . arná taibreth , LU 11025 . 2 pl. cia doberthe , Wb. 15d8 .

Fut. 1 s. dobéer, Wb. 12c35 . dobér-sa, TBC-I¹ 185 . SR 2885 . da tiber , TBC-I¹ 2301 . ní thibér , SR 842 . nach tiubér , Imr. Brain i 67.12 . ní thiubar , Ériu i 93 . 2 s. doberae, Ml. 44a20 . in tibéræ ? 77a16 . 3 s. dos-mbéra, Wb. 13b30 . ni thibre , PH 7950 . Corm. Y 698 . ni tibrea , TBC-LL¹ 3502 . nach tiubrae , BNnÉ 309.27 . 3 pl. dobérat, Wb. 6b27 . TBC-I¹ 1133 . mani thibreat , TBC-I¹ 2980 . Condit. 1 s. dobēraind-sea, TBC-I¹ 824 . nach tiobhrainn-si , MR 284 . 2 s. co tibartha-sa , Imr. Brain i 63.15 . co tiubharta , 68.16 . 3 s. domberad, Ml. 108a5 . nandatiberad, 97d10 . na tibred , LU 3171 . nachis-tibred, Thes. ii 341.37 . 1 pl. dobérmais, Imr. Brain i 69.20 . PH 7233 . na tibrimmis , CRR 33 . ni tiubhrumais , Ériu iii 158 . nach tiurmais , Acall. 5675 . 2 pl. do-sm-bérthe, Wb. 19d24 . 3 pl. día tibertais , LU 3448 . nis-tibritis, RC iii 175.11 . co tiuradais , ZCP vi 276 .

Pret. 1 s. do-m-biurt, ZCP iv 43.4 . dondmbiurtsa, TBC-I¹ 3556 . dobert-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1893 . CCath. 1702 . 2 s. dobirt, Ml. 56a13 . dobertais, TBC-LL¹ 1105 , 1621 . 3 s. dobert, Ml. 23b10 ; 58c4 . TBC-I¹ 326 , etc. dubbert, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 241 ). tobert, TBC-I¹ 655 . Fianaig. 24.4 . contubert, Hib. Min. 77.19 . contubart, Thes. ii 242 . 3 pl. dosbertar, Tur. 128 . do-s-bertatar, TBC-I¹ 912 (LU), 1788 . tubertatar, IT i 137.11 (LU). cu tubartadar , TBC-I¹ 3069 . dobertsat, Alex. 5 . CCath. 3255 . AFM 1172 , etc. In Mid. Ir. the passive dobreth- (see below) is somet. used to supply act., 3 s. dobreth, TBC-LL¹ 674 , 1930 , 1958 . dobretha, CRR 8 , 53 . FB § 38 . LU 10168 . TBC-I¹ 2210 , 2212 . TBC-LL¹ 101 , 468 , 655 . 3 pl. dobrethsat, TBC-LL¹ 1315 .

Pass. ipv. s. tabarr, Ml. 104b2 . na taborthar , ZCP vii 311 § 14 . pl. tabraiter, TBC-I¹ 1471 (LU). Indic. pres. s. doberr, Wb. 3c1 ; 28c4 . dober, Ml. 56b11 . do-berar, 60b19 . TBC-I¹ 1160 . duberar, Ml. 105d6 . doberair, PH 2161 . dia tabarr , Wb. 17a3 . Corm. Y 32 . ara tobarr , Wb. 12d29 . forsa tabar , Ml. 54a2 . pl. dobertar, Wb. 10d20 . tobertar, Ml. 25b6 . ni tabartar , 101d6 . Impf. s. doberthe, Ml. 115a14 . Wb. 10d16 . dobertha, Corm. Y 391 . intan na tibirthi , CCath. 1496 . pl. dubertis, Ml. 89a2 . dobertis, Tur. 110c . Corm. Y 48 . Subj. pres. s. doberthar, Wb. 13a3 . TBC-I¹ 1579 . pl. do-m-bertar, Ml. 45b5 . cia dopartar , Todd Nenn. 216.13 . Subj. impf. s. ceni tabarthae , Ml. 40d20 . trissa tabarthe , 36a1 . pl. dubertis, 84c9 . dobertais, 90a14 . Fut. s. dobérthar, Wb. 16a13 . dubérthar, Ml. 72d18 . ni tibérthar , Wb. 18b11 . pl. intan dum bērtar , Ml. 69b1 . Condit. s. dia tibertha , FB § 90 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 159 . pl. ni tibertais , Ml. 15c7 . Pret. s. dobreth, IT i 131.8 (LU); 138.15 (LU). Hy. v 85 . tobreth, IT i 130.23 (LU). hi tubrad , Hy. i 3 . co tabrad , TBC-I¹ 1637 . ni tobrad , 1536 . pl. dobretha, TBC-I¹ 3072 . TBC-LL¹ 2587 . ZCP viii 312.21 . Part. tabart(h)ae. Verbal of necess. tabarthi. Vn. 1 tabairt.

Perfective forms.

A From *to-rat-. Indic. pres. 3 s. manid tarti can give, Ml. 51b7 (see GOI p. 345 ). 3 pl. ni tartat , Thes. ii 2.32 . Impf. 3 pl. nad tardatis , Ml. 85d5 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ara tart-sa , Wb. 14d17 . meni dord-sa , Rawl. 156b20 . co tartar , Ériu v 240.129 . conas-tarddur, TBC-LL¹ 943 . 2 s. co tarttai , BNnÉ 302 § 10 . 3 s. durata, Ml. 57a13 . dorata, ZCP vi 266 § 10 . arna tarta , Wb. 11b18 . condarta, 28b31 . ni tharda , SR 2727 . 1 pl. fris-tarddam, Thes. ii 293.19 . 2 pl. dorattid-si, Wb. 16c11 . dia tartaid-si , Ml. 83b11 . ni tharddaid-si , LL 279a31 . 3 pl. acht doratat , Mon. Tall. 141.16 . conda-tardat, Ml. 131d16 . Impf. 1 s. condartin, Sg. 209b26 . 3 s. condardad, Ml. 77a7 . co tarddad , SR 2836 . muni thardad , TBC-LL¹ 4310 . 3 pl. co tartaitis , TBC-I¹ 1461 (LU).

Perf. 1 s. doratus, Wb. 8c6 . SR 1866 . doratas, Trip.² 1056 . ni tharddusa , RC iii 185 . dia tartus , Ériu vii 219.13 ( LL 209b ). 2 s. doratis, Ml. 56a15 . doratais siu, 43d18 . duratais, 56b24 . duratis, 80b2 . donrátais, SR 1756 . in dartais , SG 415.11 . ni tharddais , TBC-LL¹ 484 . 3 s. dorat, Wb. 4b10 , etc. doratastur, ZCP vii 320 . nícon tarat , Ml. 36a1 ; co tarat , SR 2193 . condadarat, TBC-I¹ 1875 (LU). dia tard , SR 2811 . 1 pl. doratsam, Wb. 13d15 . LU 2331 . doratsamar, 2333 . tartamar, ZCP viii 213.27 . 2 pl. daratsid-si, Wb. 24b21 . doratsaid, LU 2326 . ni thardsaid , 2345 . 3 pl. doratsat, Ml. 115b8 . SR 3664 . LL 256a43 . doratsatar, SR 3508 , 3401 , etc. ni tartsat , Wb. 24b20 . LL 254c23 . na tardsat , CCath. 5119 . AFM i 16.13 . conda-tarsat, Ériu iii 141 . co tartsatar , Hy. v 53 Comm. ( Thes. ii 340 ). ní tartisset, Wb. 1b17 . Pass. subj. pres. s. doratar, Rawl. 107b17 . dorattar, Anecd. ii 32 . Lism. L. vii 28 . ara tartar , Wb. 15a19 . condartar, 20c24 . pl. dorataiter, IT iii 53.3 . co ndartaiter , Trip.² 1294 . Impf. s. ara tarta , TBC-LL¹ 1547 . mani tartha , BColm. 88.14 . Perf. doratad, Wb. 4a18 . doradad, 23c16 . doratath, Sg. 7b18 . ara tartad , Ml. 90a7 . con dardad , 98b8 . forsa tardad , 80d4 . SR 6251 . pl. dorata, Ml. 54c17 . LL 282b7 . doratta, SR 6745 . nad tarta , Ml. 40a13 .

B From *to-ucc- (in meaning brings ): Ipv. 2 s. tuic, Tec. Corm. § 18 . na tuic , Wb. 10a30 . do-n-uc, ZCP iv 42.16 ( TBFr. 283 ). tuc, TBC-I¹ 1333 , 2287 , etc. 2 pl. tucaid, LU 8197 . TBC-I¹ 323 . 3 pl. tuicet, LU 7873 ( BDD 145 ). See ZCP xxiv 123 - 4 . Indic. pres. 2 s. dofuci, LU 1558 . do-t-tucai, IT i 208.21 . duduccai, Ml. 27d23 (see, however, GOI § 678 ). 3 pl. tucait, IT i 226.30 (LU). Impf. 3 pl. dofuctais, SR 4524 . Subj. pres. 1 s. conos-tuc, SR 1665 . conda-tuc-si, TBC-I¹ 1589 . conda-tucc, 464 . tucar, Imr. Brain i 67.23 . 2 s. dia tuicce , TBC-I¹ 1580 (LU) = tuigi (YBL). da tucair , ZCP vi 272 § 7 . 3 s. dia tuca , TBC-I¹ 1589 . rel. tuccas, SR 2384 . 1 pl. conos-tucam, SR 3979 . Impf. 1 s. mani thucaind , TBC-I¹ 798 . 3 s. nacha-tucad, Ml. 125b7 . 3 pl. conna-tuctais, SR 5651 . Perf. 1 s. do-n-uccus-sa, Wb. 30a11 . 2 s. tuicais, Ml. 56a13 . dofucais, TBC-I¹ 3385 . rothucais, Ériu iv 138.18 . tucais, ZCP viii 109.24 . 3 s. amal do-n-uic , Wb. 10d37 . Ml. 16b12 . du-n-uic, d-a-uic, Ml. 118b6 . duuic, 84c24 . duic, 25d18 . tu-n-uic, 51c26 . tuicc, 98c11 . tuic, 30c5 , etc., Wb. 21d1 . ni tuic , Wb. 23a10 . Ml. 51d2 . da-uc, Ml. 38c1 . duuc, 36c1 . tuc, 40c17 . Wb. 24b25 . doḟuc, SR 7296 , cf. 4426 , 5179 , etc. domfuc-sa, Ériu iv 140.3 . ? doruc, ZCP vi 28.18 . rodatuc, TBC-I¹ 3584 . tucastair, TBC-I¹ 2495 . tugasdair, Todd Nenn. 32.14 . 1 pl. dofucsam-ni, RC iii 185 (LL). da-b-ucsum, Lism. L. 3825 . tucsam, SR 6319 . ni tucsam , Wb. 29b14 . tugamar, Ériu i 22.105 . 2 pl. tucsaid, TBC-I¹ 1320 (LU). tucsabair, 2492 (YBL). 3 pl. du-nn-ucsat, Ml. 92d1 . dofucsat, SR 5041 . tucsat, 1360 . TBC-I¹ 42 . tucsatar, Metr. Dinds. ii 100.5 , etc. Pass. indic. pres. s. ni tucthar , Wb. 27d22 . Subj. pres. s. con-ducthar, Sg. 200b13 . mani thuicter , TBC-I¹ 1239 . pl. in duccatar , Wb. 9b19 . Impf. s. co tuctha , SR 6567 . TBC-I¹ 1331 . Perf. s. ducad, Ml. 56c11 . tuccad, Wb. 24b26 ; 28a3 . tucad, Sg. 202b8 . SR 3289 , etc.; dia tuiced , Wb. 12b12 . pl. fofuctha, SR 3263 . tucait, CRR 13 , TBC-LL¹ 65 etc.

Vn. 1 tabairt.

Forms of do-ucci understands. Indic. pres. 1 s. hi tucu , Thes. ii 293.25 . dofuca(a)im, PH 1792 . tuicim, 1779 , etc. 3 s. do-sn-ucci, Wb. 22c1 . dusn-ucai, Ml. 42c12 . ? dorucai, SR 7983 . tuicci, Wb. 12c26 . air thuccai , Ml. 42c8 . ni tucci , Wb. 12d6 . ní tucai , Ml. 42c7 . tuice, PH 2369 . 1 pl. do-uicim-ne, PH 750 . tuigmít, ib. 2 pl. dofucaid, SR 7984 . 3 pl. do-nd-ucet, Wb. 8a14 . ní thuccat , 12c20 . ní thucat , 15a34 . thuicit, PH 7300 . tuigit, 7738 . Impf. 3 s. cona tucad , SR 2763 . 3 pl. tuctais, Ml. 125d13 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ara tuicce , Wb. 28d7 . condid-tucce, 30a19 . 3 s. ara tucca , 27b27 . 1 pl. do-nd-uccam, 24a22 . 2 pl. ara tucid , 32a3 . -tuccid, 21c11 . conducaid, 21a8 . Impf. 1 s. nis-tuccin, Wb. 12d25 . 3 s. dos-fucad, SR 3228 . arna rothucad , Trip. 396 . 1 pl. condid-tucmis-ni, Wb. 20d17 . Fut. 2 s. tuicfe, PH 2037 . 3 s. tucfa, Wb. 12d12 . dofucfa, RC xxv 248 . ní tucfa , Wb. 12d3 . 2 pl. da-ucbaid-si, Wb. 21c12 . 3 pl. tucfait, RC xxv 248 . Condit. 3 s. nodafucfad, RC xx 134 = dofucébad, LU 386 (ACC). Perf. 1 s. ní tucus-su , Ml. 91c1 . 3 s. rothuic, PH 4437 . nír thuiccestair , BNnÉ 323 § 33 . 2 pl. ní tucsid-si , Wb. 12a3 . 3 pl. do-tuicetar, BCC 127 . ni tucsat , Wb. 15a32 . nad tuicset , 15a29 .

Pass. indic. pres. s. duucthar, Ml. 51c24 ; 55a10 . dohucthar, Sg. 210a4 . tuucthar, 42c2 . ní tucthar , Wb. 12c46 . pl. ní tucatar , Wb. 12c43 . nad tuctar , Ml. 112d7 . Subj. pres. s. du-n-ucthar, Ml. 79d2 . Impf. s. conducthe, Ml. 51d1 . Fut. s. ni tuccfither , Wb. 8a5 . IGT Verbs § 71 .

Vn. 2 tabairt.

I

(a) gives , with DO of recipient (somet. with dat. inf. pron.); glosses Lat. dare, Ml. 25b12 , Sg. 163a3 , 209b26 . ní cuinginn is doberainn, Tec. Corm. § 7 . ni tobair ní i n-aiscid he never gives anything as a gift, Lec. 460c47 . ba ferr lin dobertha oldaas a bith tarngire I had rather it were given than constantly promised, Mór M. 262 . cen co tucaind ar áis, doberaind ar écin, TBC-LL¹ 150 , cf. 132 . duine is mō dobered d'etach ┐ d'innmus i nErind, RC xvii 407 . más for óin doratadh in fearann if the land has been let for hire, Laws iv 132 Comm. doberae maith tar æsi n-uilc, Ml. 106c1 . doronus dóibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne . . . ni tardad dúas dar a héisi, ACL iii 296 . dobēr . . . otha mo glūn co m'imlinn I will give my love, TE § 10 . dotberae eislis he will treat thee with contempt, Mon. Tall. 142 (for constr. see KZ xlviii 48 ). donbert ingantas mór méd a delba his size inspired us with great wonder, Ériu iv 138 . nicon fail ina sealba ní nā tibre dam, Corm. Y 698 . cia chondesin far súli, dosmbérthe dom, Wb. 19d24 . doradsad mōr do maith do they had shown him much kindness, TBC-I¹ 3542 . a n-ōl meda dí dobreth (.i. tucad), Hy. v 85 . dobeir pōic di gives her a kiss, RC xxiv 198 . duber-som ainm claidib donaib briathraib he gives the name of sword, Ml. 77a2 , cf. Sg. 156b6 , Wb. 20c24 . doratsat fir nÓlnécmacht in riastartha do anmm do C[h]oinc[h]ulaind gave the name . . . to C., TBC-I¹ 1455 . ni tardsad cís nā cāin dōib, Todd Nenn. 72 . gach manach nach tiubrae | a edbairt don ecclais, BNnÉ 309 . dobēra in prímfáidh nemh d'anmain gach aoin, Duan. F. i 10 . ni tardai do rūn do mnāi tell not thy secret to a woman, Anecd. v 9 . ba Patric dubert baithis du C. who baptized C., Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). doratta duit . . . do guide thy prayers are granted, Thes. ii 318 ( Hy. ii 50 Comm. ). dobert R. altugudh buidi do Dia, BS 4 . dorattar doibh an bennacht, Anecd. ii 32 . go nach dtiobhraidh aon neach ceannas dá chéile not one will yield supremacy to (i.e. come short of) another, ML 6 . do Dia doberat edil offer prayers, Corm. Y 513 . cia freacra dobērad an t-eicsine dō, 825 . dind fortacht durat Dia do, Ml. 40b8 . nach tiobhraidh foidhide do neach will not show patience, TSh. 9038 . cid ara tarat in bēist . . . onoir do Brigit, Hy. iv Pref. dobēr-sa do breath fēn duid I will give thee thy own award, Lec. 156c38 . úar na tabrai rēir d'Adam thou dost not obey, SR 848 . cid bé ainder mná dobéra toil don fhior gráid shall love, SG 47 . cia doberad eolus dam-sa co Mag R.? who would guide me, MR 276 . dorad failti do ḟileadaib welcomed, Lec. 286b5 . ní tart termann do Themraig gave not protection, Metr. Dinds. i 26 . ni tharad (tharat, LU) menmain do thuus na conaire paid no heed, TBC-I¹ 233 . nā tabhair h'aire doib heed them not, BCC 190 . cidh tuc duit-si mh'aithne-si? how dost thou know me?, BS 138 . mor . . . in dimiad tuc mac mo mathar damsa, Lec. 613b6 . deargruathar Tuathail . . . sochaidi da tuc imned, 590a10 . dobertsat a milid frit[h]bert amnus dosum, CCath. 3255 . amail . . . na tard tograim nā toruighecht do mhacaibh Israel did not give chase to, Leb. Gab.(i) 200 . ni thucsat claonadh don scēl they did not distort the affair, Fl. Earls 62 . dobert buille don c[h]ip struck, Corm. Y 690 . dobertsad frais d'[ḟ]ōidib doib hurled at them, Lec. 617a24 . tucsadar dāil bāis don rig, 603a14 . tucsat d'Assal écomnart, Metr. Dinds. iii 280 . doratsatar féin dond ríg | a ndoíri gave themselves up as slaves, SR 3405 . thug iad féin do chraosól gave themselves up to drink, Eochairsg. 3 . dobreth ingen Fhoraind dó was given to him (in marriage), Todd Nenn. 230.1 . ni rag-sa, inge mad doberthar Findabair dam, TBC-I¹ 1244 . With vn. or subord. clause as obj.: tucsamar dó . . . labrad remonn we have yielded him (the right) of speaking before us, Ériu iv 108 . tuc do cach thúaith beith cen síd, Imr. Brain ii 301 . tabair do na dóinib cu rafhógnat daitt, PH 7914 . surrenders, gives up: co tucsat in cathraig, ZCP i 398 . tucsatt an barda an baile, AFM v 1846 . In extended sense: cid dobir na cōic seōtu do eneclann in boairech? what causes?, Laws iv 308 Comm. itchonnarc-sa fén hi . . . ┐ dobēr co follus duib-si hi I will make it plain (cause it to be plain), PH 100 . tuc in péist fiacail do (i.e. bit him), SG 252 . tuccadh droch-cuit d'Ua R. don mhígníomh sin a share in this misdeed was ascribed to O'R., AFM v 1826 . d.¤ teist: combad sissi doberad teist dimsa who should bear witness of me, Wb. 18a3 , cf. 15d8 (but: dobiur teist n-airi, 14a20 , cf. 28b31 ). d.¤ cath, etc. gives battle: dobéraind-sea cath do Choncobair, LL 254a22 . tobert tress ndó, Fianaig. 24 . tucatar in gleo . . . dá chéile, SG 271 . doberar in cath i ndorus ind lis, Anecd. v 15 . buadach in tres tucsabair, SG 37 . By analogy: is na flaith tucad in Tāin, Lec. 363b29 . conad impi tucad Tain Bo Fliguis, 387a38 . Cf. further: thugadar dóibh a Fán . . . gur romhuidh ar Ghallaibh they gave battle to them (cath omitted?), Ériu i 78 . d.¤ grád, etc. DO: ni taibrem seirc donaib rétaib frecndaircib, Wb. 15c19 . mairg dobeir seirc do duni, SCC 44 ( IT i 224 ). dorat Ossin gradh mór dind ingin, RC xiii 9 . co tabraitis na lenaim fuath di used to hate her, SG ii 457 . d.¤ . . . do (dia) aire, etc. takes heed: ni thartsat dia n-airi a n-ebairt in drui, LL 254a23 . is tabartha do airi indus in cheneoil the character . . . must be observed, TBC-I¹ 327 . tren doratus do menmain, SR 1866 , cf. 1945 . ní tarat F. do mod sain paid no heed to that, SG 405 . a ben trebar dos-beir mod his prudent wife is astonished, ScM. 3 (see 1 moth and ZCP xxii 29 ). dobeir di óid aní sìn he gives heed to, LU 9826 ( PRIA xix 532 ). an tan tucsat dia n-uidh e when they noticed it, AFM vi 1898 . Saúl ná tabair d'eislis do not overlook S., SR 6110 (see éislis). do thuatha fadéin tuc dot réir ar tús, KMMisc. 260 . Cf. phrases d.¤ aire, menmain, réir do quoted above. Cf. thug sé a dhaoine don chloidhiomh put . . . to the sword, Psalms lxxviii 62 .

(b) do-beir fri = d.¤ do; orig. FRI is used to introduce object or final purpose of action, cf. ind lēire doratsam fri sechim gníme, Wb. 13d15 ; ni fris tarddam ar n-athius, SP ii 3 ( Thes. ii 293 ); in ingen . . . nochostibrea re cétluth, TBC-LL¹ 3502 . Later indicating recipient: cia risa tibre theidm? to whom wilt thou deal ruin?, RC xx 12 . bean fris tabar coibche . . . ┐ fer dobeir coibche mor fri baidsig, Laws iv 56 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 116 ). dobert-som cairdi friu-som granted them a truce, TBC-I¹ 2899 . dobretha ratha fri Laigniu, LU 9797 . a ratha dorat fri Laigin . . . co tart-som gréin ┐ esca friu, MacCarthy 396 . doberim bríathar ris, Fianaig. 82 (see below (j)). dobreth a fír fer fris he was given fair play, Ériu iii 137 . co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn, TTr.² 1803 . dobheirim buidheachas re Dia, Donlevy 434 . trom, trén . . . fris tibhre a fhercc, BNnÉ 35 . The follg. might equally be referred to II: doratad crích fri Mumain , Metr. Dinds. iii 202 . dobert drumain di fri cech cóiced he assigned a ridge of it to every province, Ériu iv 152 .

(c) dobeir (ní) ar gives in exchange for, pays for: amal bid lōg mór dubertha erru, Ml. 130d15 . tuc ar Ioseph . . . trichait leth n-unga n-argait, SR 3151 . is ed lóg doberar ar sáerad in domnaig, Ériu ii 196 . nitad tabartha bui duit ar dartaib thou must not give thy cows for strippers, TBC-I¹ 2856 . dorattsat a milettacht ar miodhlachas exchanged their warlike spirit for cowardice, AFM vi 2298 .

(c 2) do-beir ar makes for, attacks : tuc cóic droch-bachlacha duba | ar tairrsech mo thigi 'five bad malevolent churls made for the threshold of my house' Celtica xxv 23 § 3 .

(d) dobeir (ní) i n-, id. (with notion of compensation or retribution): dobértar dá boin 'sa mboin ┐ dá cháirigh 'sa gcáeirig two cows shall be given for one, Fianaig. 72 . is í eraic doradad ind, Corm. Y 690 . inní doberar isin ní fogeilus . . . what is given for that which (the animal) consumes, Laws i 270 Comm.

(e) do-beir uad gives, gives away ; in Mod. Ir. ó with the reflex. pron. is used when the recipient is not expressed; in older lang. somet. accompanies DO and recipient, e.g. dorat Ianothán . . . huad a heirriud do Dauid, SR 5933 ; tabraid uaib airmitiu glan | dom chomdeilb-si, 1823 , 2881 . dorad Ioseph aichni uad orrtha, YBL 64a45 . dobered huadi-si imchomrac na mac bethad, Mon. Tall. 150 . tabhair cúntas do ghabháltais féin uait, TSh. 229 . dobheirit imat almsan uaidibh, Fl. Earls 100 . an tan mhallaighthear sinn, do bheirmaoid ar mbeannachd uáinn, 1 Corinth. iv 12 .

(f) d.¤ immach gives out, gives away, dispenses: int aenmacc ríg . . . is mō fuair ┐ tuc amach, ZCP viii 111 . nech thinóilfios ó fheraib Eirenn immuig 'na tibra-sum immach, SG 400 . cion do chur i nDruim Lethan | do rioghaibh . . . ni thiubar amach go brath I will never concede, BNnÉ 288 . in éiricc dobéra duine amach, Laws i 76 Comm. dā nōi [mbliadna] dorat smacht amach exercised sway, Lec. 44b40 . dlegur an diet do tabhairt amach nisa mó (= alimenta copiosiora sunt exhibenda), 24 P 3, 73.8 .

(g) Of an author cites, adduces: ní tabair desimrechta hic , Sg. 214a5 . tobertar desmrechta . . . dia rēlad, Ml. 25b6 . is do thucad exemplum for this an example has been cited, Sg. 77b5 . in testimni donucsom riam, Tur. 39 ( Thes. i 486 ). ni tucsam dind lín-sin | acht ríga na sluag-sin we have mentioned only the kings, Fél. Ep. 31 . húare nad tucus acht aní rupu thascide I have set down [in my book] only what was necessary, Thes. ii 225 . dobir in brethem cosmailius don chaingin ima fuiglither cites a parallel case, Corm. Y 611 . it mathi na dūla dorata and the elements which have been mentioned, LL 282b7 . ? dobheirid sgrioptúir . . . dá áitiughadh they quote Scripture to prove it, Eochairsg. 107 .

(h) yields, produces:? caera dona caeraib dobert trefuilngid fora craeb, RC xv 419.19 . nicopé lán-torath dobéra, ZCP xi 94 . ionnus go dtiubhradh sibh toradh, John xv 16 .

(i) utters, pronounces (oft. folld. by ar (ós) aird): dobert a srém caurad asa brágit, TBC-I¹ 1781 . tug A. a ossnam ass, TE 7 (Eg.). dobeir a mairg eisti she laments, SG 254 . dorad a guth n-ard bur aird, ZCP viii 553 . na gáre dosbertatár ar aird, TBC-I¹ 1783 . tugsat gáire . . . ós aird, Fianaig. 88 . doberat nāi ngrecha . . . os ard, RC xiii 6 . go ttug G. osnach éccomhluinn ós áird, ML 138 . dusrat gach aon scret ┐ eigem . . . os aird, Fl. Earls 140 . ag tabhairt a dhocra fein os aird, BS 90 . In absol. constr. (obj. being the statement follg.): imtusa na nGrec doberar os aird it is reported, TTebe 1714 . iomthusa Eoghain, dobhearar ós áird, ML 116 . dāla mac Milead immorro, dobearar os aird . . . dobrisidur cath, etc., Lec. 568a17 . a thabhairt ar aird cia dorinne, IGT Introd. § 1 . cach ní . . . na tuc ar aird which he had not made known, Laws i 208 Comm. Cf. na leabhair sin . . . tuigidh ar aird ma táid libh produce them if you have them (?), Content. xviii 31 .

(j) d.¤ bréthir (luge, etc.) promises, (swears): is andsin dorad Fergus in lugu-sa, TBC-I¹ 3546 . doberim mo breithir . . . conad taesca, etc., RC xxiv 198 . is mór in briathar-sa dobheir an laech that is a mighty vow the warrior makes, CF 139 . dorat a minna took his oath, Fl. Earls 132 . dorat Dauid a theist . . . nā roaentaigset fria mnai swore, YBL 297a33 (cf. CCath. 6154 : dobertis testa an talman do lucht a ḟiadnaisiu they would call the earth to witness). With transference of obj. to thing sworn by: nā salaig ainm do Dia .i. nā tabair d'éthech he do not swear falsely by him, PH 7626 . ná tabhair ainm Dé gan fath, Ó Héodhusa 125 . tabhair an Céolán nár ghoid tu an chulaigh swear by the `Ceolan' (name of a bell), Ériu v 98 . dobhér dhó . . . grian ┐ easga, ML 104 (cf. exx. quoted under (b) above). acht cheana tuigim-se na dei nar-ua cedughud dom vadein I swear by the gods, TTebe 2031 . ná tabhraidh neamh . . . ná tabhraidh an talamh swear not by heaven . . . by earth, Matthew v 34 , 35 ; xxiii 6 . With transference of obj. to statement sworn: tucc E. dá bhréithir . . . nach béardaois, etc. E. pledged his word, ML 134 . doberim dom bréthir ris, Fianaig. 78 . dobermáit dár [mb]reithir, SG 241 . dobeirim fám' breither . . . go ndigeolainn, MR 278 . tugas féin fóm' bréithir nach diongnainn . . ., ML 114 .

(k) d.¤ bréic, etc. imm deceives: na taibred cách úaib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . bréc dorat in ben imond the woman has deceived us, IT i 132 . ní tartat sensus breíc im anmin the senses cannot deceive, Acr. 5d5 ( Thes. ii 2 ). na comarthadha na tardsat breicc immum riam, CCath. 5119 . co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg, TBC-I¹ 1461 . dobera muin n-immi he will be taken in, IT i 144 . See also s.v. 3 muin and muinbech. Different constr. in TBC-I¹ 1595 ( LU 6067 ): dober (leg. doberr) brēc imon n-ingin who is beguiled about the girl (?).

(l) d.¤ agaid (cúl, druim, etc.) turns: nach fuil nech dobera a agid formsa who will face me, CRR 44 . dorat a agaid fri muindtir neime, BColm. 70 . ná tabair cúl dot chétmhóid turn not your back on your first vow, O'Gr. Cat. 402 . nach tug cúl re béim a bíodhbhadh, Ó Bruad. ii 264 . tuc a druim re grian do ┐ a bél a n-airde, CF 358 . nā tabrad a druim fria Ríg, BColm. 100 . na tabair lāim frim do not resist me, SR 3182 . doberat a lām fri hEtail they skirt the coast of Italy, Aen. 137 . dorad a láimh ndeis re dúnadh righ he left the fortress . . . on his right, BS 100 . contardad tóeb fri muir keeping along the sea, Fianaig. 36 . óc in mac . . . dober bond ri Banba ṁbind `who sets foot on Banba's soil', Ériu vii 224 . ní thard troig teichidh ré n-uathad ná ré sochaide he never fled, SG ii 487 . dobeir tóib fri (do) trusts: fri corpthadid doberat Iudai tóib, Wb. 15b2 . ná tabair toeb fri Saul, SR 5956 . is trén an tigerna | rise-tabram taobh, ZCP viii 203 . See taeb. dobeir láim ar (fo) takes in hand, sets about: thug C. lámh ar imtheacht, ITS i 140 . nistibrea liaig laim fom leiges-sa, PH 423 . mór in feidm fa tucais laim, MR 202 . olc in gnímh fa tucus laimh, ZCP x 415 . Note also: tucsat lámh co foiréignech inn they laid hands on him, SG 30 .

(m) With expressions of time spends: taréis a n-aimsire do thabairt dona hAlbanachuibh after the Albanachs had completed their term of service, ALC ii 406 . tucatar in chétsel don oidche re hól . . . tucatar in tres shel re suan, SG 268 . . . . iarla ná tug bliadhain dá shaogal acht ag snoidhe a chnám, etc., O'Gr. Cat. 565 . gearr an seal thugsad fa chion, Content. v 106 . In later lang. folld. by ass: tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach, Fianaig. 52 . dá fheabhas dobhéara duine a bheatha as, TSh. 33 .

(n) With various other nouns: i maigin hi tabair th'úal (= ubi mingis), Thes. ii 248 . dobeir [an gerrán] a mún ann, SG ii 484 . dobérat huili a coibsena will make confession, Wb. 6b27 . co tarat cach díb a chobais dia cēle, Hy. v 33 Comm. ( Thes. ii 335 ). is ris doberead a comairli with him he used to take counsel, Ériu v 236 . dobēram comairli fair-sin we will take counsel on that matter, RC viii 152 . acht int hé na tibri cert who does not deal fairly, SR 1659 . senad sruithi . . . dofuctais recht is canóin who used to deliver (promulgate), 4524 . fer dobered mór ndeg-breth, Metr. Dinds. iii 36 . na hécóire dobertha i taoib araile díob the foul play that was being practised towards, SG 325 . tucsat a bfeidm i n-einḟeacht `made their attack', MR 272 . ? doradadh sin in gnim do geallus doib the dead . . . has been accomplished, ZCP x 303 . o dorat Mártain ní i ḟertaib when M. had done something in the way of miracles (?), RC iii 392 = Lat. Lives 92 . tuc airrdhe na croiche, 94 (perh. taris is understood). a chēim co imthréith ni thard never took a feeble step, LL 140b50 . nach tug céim ar gcúl i ngroidghleo, Ó Bruad. ii 52 . ba hé luas ind ērma do-n-ucsad iar mBregaib the course they made, TBC-I¹ 675 . tuc se leim assan luing, BCC 195 . tucsat a rith robalc | in chonart the hound-pack bore its impetuous course, Metr. Dinds. iii 408 . ní roan don ruathar sin tucustair, Ériu v 242 . tucsat na siabra side made an onset, Metr. Dinds. ii 66 , cf. AFM vi 2114 . rathaigis in slog indas in toichime dombert (i.e. noticed his gait), TBC-I¹ 2939 . tugastair tulgad don mhanaois gave a thrust of the spear, ML 88 . tuccsat a ttaisbenadh fein don dá tighearna sin showed themselves to those two lords, AFM vi 2080 . mairg mathair dorad m' idhna who suffered birth pangs for me, CF 97 . intan dorata na etarnaidi ara chinn ó Loegaire when the ambuscades were laid for him, Hy. vii Pref . ( Thes. ii 354 ). ní tuc urcor n-imraill riam, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . dobir Colmán . . . tí da bachaill makes a circle with his staff, BColm. 62 .

(o) causes, brings about, effects: cid dober th' orfailtius? CRR 18 . fer . . . rodatuc for longes who caused your exile (?), TBC-I¹ 3584 . ní heasbaidh eoluis . . . tug don choirneach mo chrostáil that caused the tonsured friar to censure me, Ó Bruad. ii 208 . tuc mh'eg it has caused my death, BS 26 . súaill nach ttuc mh'oididh, 28 . iarfaidh Dia fort gach aon tucais a malairt (but perh. = i m-malairt?), RC xxxiv 312 . dorat imarbaigh hi tig Guaire, Ériu v 26 . doratsat creidemain gur uo firbriathra . . . gach ar chan in senóir `these showed that', Fl. Earls 128 . dorad Conn sneachta mór tre draoidheacht, Keat. i 116 . a cumuilt don cend ┐ dobeir in folt it promotes the growth of the hair, 24 B 3, 97.3 . Freq. in pass. in sense of occurred: Finachta .i. snechta fína thucad ina ḟlaithius, Lec. 445b9 . noco tucad cith cruaid clochshneachta, MR 236 . tuccadh ár Laighen, 110 . Folld. by vn. phrase or subord. clause: gorab e secrān eagna tuc an baramail sin da tabairt, Ir. Astr. Tr. 30 . cred dober gan comlann éinfir d'ḟagail do?, CF 449 . dober sin nech gan beth dub nā gel, 24 B 3, 103.7 . fiarfaigid Ipocras cad dober gurob faidi an aimser, etc. asks why the time is longer, 23 P 10, 17a30 .

(p) Folld. by adj. or equivalent as complement of pred. makes, renders, causes to be: dosrat inna ligu laid them low, Hy. ii 62 Comm. fer . . . | dober in cosmail cach leirg who renders every slope the same (?), TBC-I¹ 71 . cid donrat samlaid? what has made him so?, CRR 1 , 2 . ri dosrat . . . indara huair blāith . . ., ind uair aili ainbthechae who has made them (the winds) at one time calm, at another tempestuous, SR 93 . dobheir mé duilbhir doirbh, Ériu i 95 . Clann Morna fa líg 's fa lecht | tugais comlomm thou hast brought to bareness, 16 . cid dobeir gan mnái tú?, Ériu iii 152 . domrat Dia cen derbráthair, SG 58 . tug teinn tréith mé, O'Gr. Cat. 527 . intan tucad máthair í when she conceived, SG 391 . dobeir deghdatha í gives it a good colour (the face), O'Gr. Cat. 191 . tug sé minlinnte ina muir, 451 . don tréad tug mo rádh bréagach who have given the lie to my word, Ó Bruad. iii 142 .

II Puts, places, sets: co tarat il-láim na cumaile put it into the c.'s hand, Hy. v 72 Comm. dobertatar in lucuirp luibe do-som ina cluasa(ib) `gave him herbs (to put) in his ears' (put herbs in his ears?), Ériu xvi 38 § 4 . tucad a tosuch fo diu[d] its beginning has been put at the end, Sg. 202b8 . doridne Dia in talam ┐ tuc muir ina thimchell, Lec. 527b12 . dorat in cloidem triasin mbrat ran the sword through the cloak, RC ii 388 . doberait a tri sligi trit, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . tugsat Saxain sceana eturra ┐ a m-maelana hid knives in the soles of their shoes, Todd Nenn. 102 .

Frequent with prepp.

(a) with FO: tarat a bragait fon cungai (of a horse), Hy. v 55 Comm. ( Thes. ii 341 ). ? maccán sē mbliadnae déac intan dobreth fo déraib, ii 3 ( 308 ). loscset dún Cláre . . . tucsat fo thenid etrocht, LL 27b9 . rí dosrat fo thalman tói, Metr. Dinds. ii 40 . dosmbéra fo chumachta in maicc, Wb. 13a30 . ni hed domthabair fo grād which confers dignity on me, SR 3301 . dorad iathu Erenn . . . fo smacht flaithiusa Muman, RC xxiv 186 . dosfug fo baithis ┐ creidim, Todd Nenn. 78 . dosrat fo chlaidiub, SR 4148 . mór do ros-gaibh ban mbáidhe | doradus fo eccaoine have I made weep, BS 130 . ni fuath . . . tug fúm aigneadh athraightheach `that has given me a discontented mind', KMMisc. 242.15 . dorat Dia fo a menmain had inspired them to do it, SR 3704 . dorat Duid bindius foaib (of psalms), Hib. Min. 156 . tucadar dá chapall . . . futha mounted two mares, Imr. Brain i 68 . dobir a anail fóithib, Trip.² 597 . mairg fa ttabhraid mna menma on whom women set their fancy, BS 112 . d.¤ fo dera, see fo-fera.

(b) With FOR (and accus.)

(i) of local relations: intan dobered nech a mēr for a ētan, Corm. Y 48 . roradsat T.D.D. temheal forsan gréin, BB 32a52 . fri hōl . . . dobertis na lestair-si forsna tibradaib, Corm. Y 48 . Eremon fēn dorad fōt furri buried her, Lec. 569a33 . co tarat a tech forthu knocked down the house upon them, Ériu v 212 . tucsat a curach fursan muir, KMMisc. 322 . co tarat fein teinid fair set fire to it, Anecd. iii 34 . doberthar F. for a deisreth let F. be placed on his right, TBC-I¹ 1579 . doratad cumrech forru they were put in bonds, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 323 ). dorigni tech ┐ ní tardad (thárrad, v.l.) simin tuga fair, Trip.² 1816 . tabraid-si ar bur menmain bear in mind, CCath. 5142 .

(ii) With vnn. etc.: tucad for altruim he was put out in fosterage, SG 391 . far ṅDia do forfuc for brath your God has betrayed you, SR 4679 . tuccastair an baile for a cumus placed . . . in his power, BNnÉ 264 . dobert a máthair Corc ar faesum na hamaidi placed C. under the protection of, Lec. 443a32 . cidh rottuc ar gealtacht thú? what has driven thee mad?, BS 102 . co ttucsat misi ar fáoineal ┐ ar foluamhuin, ib. cenco tucad grian for rith cose though the sun was not yet started on its course, Lec. 527b4 . doratad fort sheilb it has been given into thy possession, PRIA xix 546 ( LL 147a 9 ).

(iii) In sense lays upon, confers on, imposes on, inflicts on (both in good and bad sense); in Mid. Ir. often taking the place of an O.Ir. construction with DO: is airi sin doratad foir a n-ainmm sin, Sg. 31a6 (doratad dó is the usual O.Ir. construction). dobretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177 . parrthus talmhaidi doberta for an n-istadh sin, ZCP i 252 . ni taibre grad for nech do not ordain, Wb. 29a22 . co tarda grád fair, 'until he ordains him [king]' Trip. 2303 , PBA lxviii 128 . dobēr indus fair I will reconnoitre it (a route), TBC-I¹ 378 . ordd abgitir dorat forsna consona, Sg. 23b5 . isí roinn tucsat fair the division they made of it, D IV 2, 77 rb 9 . is mait[h] int anocul tuc for na heocha it is well he has spared the horses, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 . go ttarad D. aithne fair recognized him, BS 16 . doberat adrad Dé foirn worship us as Gods, PH 2060 . dobeir barr for sluagu `puts a top on' (i.e. forms a climax, crowns), Fél. Nov. 30 , cf. Mar. 31 . ara tardda bendacht for anmain in truagáin, Thes. ii 257 . arin altrom dobertais[s]iu form-sa, ZCP viii 553 . dober-sa fortacht fair, TTebe 1918 . combad iarsin ḟrecra doberad-si for Meidb, TBC-I¹ 279 . ní thug-san iomagallamh air did not address him, RC xxix 116 . doratsat impidi fair, FB § 27 . ina hetarguíde doberait na nóib fair, PH 6386 . nicon tibre etech form he will not refuse me, Corm. Y 698 . ar son na héra tucais fair, SG 28 . gach tenga . . . forsa tardadh rath, Ériu iv 238 . SR 7143 . rí dorat sobarthain sláin | for ciniud n-amra nAbráim, 7433 . cia ar a ttiobhra [Críost] breath?, Parrth. Anma 93 = Luc. Fid. 49 . dobertis cech n-olc form, Ml. 54c30 , cf. 89a2 . dorat brón for sochaide, Fianaig. 66 . tucatar . . . buaidred ar buidhnibh, 90 . ar ná tucca nech crith fort, Tec. Corm. 46 . ni tarda tusliud form may it not cause me to stumble, Hy. vi 12 Comm. ( Thes. ii 352 ). co tardta bricht suain fair, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . rí fors tardad gūforgall, SR 7752 . tabraidh in adhaidh doberdáiss orainn orra fein, Expugn. Hib. 17 . dobertsad ár adhbhal forra, AFM 1172 . tuc bleith mulind forthu, CRR 25 . ní tuc laech dibh-sin guin air, CF 789 , cf. 129 . ní tabur a chin ar nech blame does not accrue to anyone, Ériu v 26 . tobert a chin forsin fer he charged the man . . . with the injury, Laws iv 178 Comm. ní tharda fornn . . . digail seirb, SR 2727 . ni tarda dínsium for a n-abraim-si do not despise what I say, CF p. 89 . tucsat esbaid aonmeic (sic leg.) ort, a Dé they deprived Thee of Thy only Son, ACL iii 243 . iarsin fingail doratsat for sóerchlandaib Erenn, ZCP xi 63 n. 10 . dobērthar in mor-martra ann for sil Adaim, SR 8179 . ná tabhairthear éigion fair, BNnÉ 28 . dorat forrán for Tamár forced, SR 6710 . dobert-sa gén fort I have made you a laughing-stock, TBC-LL¹ 1893 . dobērat maldachtain form-sa, TBC-I¹ 23 . dorat cúrsachad mór forra, SG 89 . dobérsa miscaid fair, Ériu viii 156 . tabarr pian forsna hí, Ml. 104b2 . ní thabhair Dia orumsa | pian, BS 138 . bóthar na Muilte . . . thug sgís ar mhórán do mhnáibh, Ériu i 101 . uair mian moltcharna doradadh d'á mhathair for Oilill Molt an gcén robhaoi n-a broinn O. M. got a taste for wether-mutton from his mother, Hy Fiach. 96 . Also freq. with ammus, fóbairt, sidhe, maidm, etc., q.v.

(iv) enjoins upon, compels, instigates: dosbēr-sa fort-sa do Dia féin do fácbail, PH 2060 . doradad fair géim drúith do dénam, RC xxiv 54 . is e dorad foraib-si in bréag do cantain, Todd Nenn. 94 .

(c) With FRI: conducthar nomen fris until a name is put to it, Sg. 200b13 , cf. 42b7 , 63a17 . dobreth coirthi fria chenn ┐ araile fria chosa, TBC-I¹ 419 . dobert aigid fri aigid, Fianaig. 36 . tucastar sciath fri sciath, CRR 45 . ise naidm dorad Corc mac L. ria lāim Conaill the compact which C. made with C., Lec. 410a29 . ar des rīg is ruirech | doradsad frit lāim, TBC-I¹ 2270 . dobheirim m'ainm ré n-abraim I put my name to what I write, Content. xxi 1 . dober frit a l[ín] lae o thus bliad[ne] `thou puttest the number of days' (gl. computa dies), Thes. ii 36 . Of fig. relations: nathir . . . donrat fri saeth tria aslach who has brought us into trouble, SR 1342 . dosrat fri sním, 5797 , cf. 5867 . manip fri toil Dé dosmerat unless they lead him to oppose the will of God, Mon. Tall. 144 . Cf. also under I (l) above.

(d) With IMM: dobeir a dī bois ima dī lecain, Corm. Y 756 . dobert in rígan brat ngorm imbi put on , TBC-I¹ 726 . dorat nél impu, SR 3963 . tobert C. beoil ima heim smeared grease on its hilt, Corm. Y 883 . tuc urrcur de uimpe struck him against it (i.e. the boulder?), CF 221 , cf. tuc béim de immun corthe, TBC-LL¹ 1027 .

(e) With I N-

(i) Of local relations: dobert (.i. tuc) díllat i criol Ronchinn, Hy. v 84 ( Thes. ii 347 ). dabir it béulu thou puttest it into thy mouth, Thes. ii 249 . ni thardad dantmir i mbeolu in chind, Corm. Y 1018 . dobeir a láim il-láim tigerna, CRR 11 , cf. SG 90.29 . dorad a mhér a suainemh na sleighe, BS 10 . co tard a fiacla inn, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . baile i tartad in degben was buried, Metr. Dinds. iii 40 . a n-as tardtar ana hūir what is laid in its clay (of a graveyard), Lism. L. 3505 . tucad a talmain la [a] mac was buried, Lec. 580a32 . dorad misi it chumann-sa | mallacht Ronáin R.'s curse has thrown me into thy company, BS 82 . domratad i slabraid I have been put in chains, ZCP vi 263 .

(ii) With abstr. as obj.: gurub faill tug 'n-ar tegmáil he has neglected our quarrel, Ériu iv 216 . mairg thugas neamhshuim a dteangainn a dhuthaoi féin, O'Gr. Cat. 219 .

(iii) I N- folld. by abstr.: ní thibér-sa tusa i n-áirem I will hold thee of no account, PH 1804 . ni tabar a n-uimir cenel acht cined dā mac dib nama the descendants of only two sons are counted among the races, Lec. 67b14 . doberr don dligud-so i frithcheist gl. huic opponitur, Sg. 163b10 . doberr hi cotarsne do gl. obiicitur, 21b5 . amal duberad nech do hi ceist as though someone had asked him, Ml. 56a13 . conda-tardat hi coibsin may confess it, Ml. 181d16 . taibred hi cobsin di anmcharait, Ériu vii 158 . na peacaidhe thug duine i ndearmad, Eochairsg. 108 . ar nachat-tarda nech i n-éislis lest thou be neglected, Tec. Corm. 46 . ní thard ó D. na sgéla sin i foill, Hugh Roe 118 .

(iv) With pers. obj., brings, puts (into a state or condition): as é domrad a n-ainriocht, BS 42 . as Dia dudnuic issa n-imned, Ml. 44d14 . dosbér uili i mbás i mbath I will destroy them, SR 2431 . ó dotrat i socht, i sním, Ériu vii 225 (impers. use of vb.?). dosrat a snim mor sloigh na nG. um an ni-sin the hosts of the G. were sorely troubled about that matter (cf. prec. ex.), Ériu v 146 . do naemaib Eirenn tuc sadaile na bethad-so i dtarcaisne who spurned this life's luxuries, O'Gr. Cat. 638 . Cf. further: a flaith . . . dosrat hi ceathra ranna fichet, Lec. 45b40 . Cf. I (p) supra.

(f) With TAR: ronfialadar .i. dorata a fial torund may He put His veil over us, Hy. i 1 Comm. ( Thes. ii 299 ). tardad dícealtar tairsib, ZCP viii 103 . dobert láim dara agid, TBC-I¹ 1841 . co tarat láim dar hiffern (of Christ harrowing Hell), SR 7772 . tabraiter láma tairis let him be seized, TBC-I¹ 1471 . dorat sighin na croiche tairis crossed himself, RC xxxiv 322 . dobér-sa . . . a crosa dar m'aigidh, ZCP viii 110 . fuilt dar a tabar, it liat[h]a upon which it is poured (of a well), Todd Nenn. 194 . co tabrad usce dar a lámu, RC ii 400 . dorad Dia dilind tarsin n-uili doman, Lec. 534a31 .

(g) sends: tabar fer for āth damsa (a challenge), TBC-I¹ 1482 (where senses give and put are both implicit). dobretha Medb techta for cend Fir Diad, 2210 , 2212 . co tibred aingliu i m-agaid-si that he would send angels to encounter me, PH 1786 . dobretha C. nonbor úad . . . do chuingid mna do Ch., LU 10168 . comadh iat a daltadha doberta ar amus Sencháin dús cia dhib, etc. who were sent to S., ACL iii 5 . doradad Paladius a papa C. do progecht soscela do Scotaib, BB 10a26 .

III Brings, leads .

(a) fedar .i. . . . dohucthar (referring to Lat. ferri), Sg. 210a4 . donfé .i. donfuca may she bring us, Hy. iv 2 Comm. ( Thes. ii 325 ). dodfetis .i. dobertis, Hy. ii 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 312 ). ní fitemmar can doberr whence it is brought (of a variant reading), Sg. 32b5 . dobreit[h] dobarchi isin comhbreic (the word) `dobarchi' has been introduced into Cymric, Corm. Y 311 . is é Nothelmus tucastar epistil ó Griguir, Anecd. iii 64 . in rí thuc inn arcc forcūl who brought back the ark, SR 5505 . ba i ngataib dombertadar a l-loegu, TBC-I¹ 912 . in scian tucad dō a tirib Alban, Corm. Y 698 . Fig. brings, deduces, traces (of a sequence, genealogy, etc.): is amlaid sin tugasdair ar senoir-ne geinilach Breatan a cronicib na Romanach, Todd Nenn. 36 . o Róba . . . tugus co cróda an caithréim | co Codnaig, Hy Fiach. 278 . tucus lim . . . o Chloind Maelruanaid . . . co craeib Luaraid, 214 . With co: tabram ar roisc ┐ ar indfhethium co Dia let us raise our eyes and our thoughts to God, PH 8067 . fén douc a bantigerna chuci, Hy. v 25 Comm. ( Thes. ii 333 ). tuccastair a mac féin cuice d'fir took to her as husband, MacCarthy 288 . ceadh ima ram-tugadh-sa chugaibh?, RC xiv 258 . doberar a drai co Brian, RC xxiv 180 . tug C. clann Cruithnigh do cobraid cuci called in the Picts to his aid, BB 370a42 . caisil . . . .i. cís dobertha o feraib Erenn cosin luc sin, Corm. Y 391 . With DOCHUM: cenis-tuca-su chucud dochom betad hi though thou bring her not to life, Mon. Tall. 144 . tuc na heochu chum beathadh dorísí, SG 25 . dobēra mo des-sa Aenias dochum bāis will put (lit. bring) to death, Aen. 2895 . nis tibritis dochum in carpait they could not bring (the Grey of Macha) to the chariot, RC iii 175 . nír fhác senmóir riam nach tibredh duine dochum creidme, SG 44 .

(b) With LA referring to subject (the usual construction in later lang.): donfuca leis, Hy. i 1 Comm. ( Thes. ii 299 ). co nostucam lenn i mbrait, SR 3979 . tucus mo sheotu lim ┐ mo indili, TBC-I¹ 1612 . In fig. relations: in tucsam Temraig lind? have we taken in Tara in our course? (lit. brought with us), SG ii 492 ( LL 329a5 ). clanda Gaeidil . . . thucsom a n-imthechta lind o . . . thur Neamruad ille we have followed their adventures from the tower of N. onwards, Lec. 565b10 ( BB 38a11 ); cf. Hy Fiach. 214 quoted under III (a). dia tarta nech leis na cōic fa dhó if anyone multiply the five by two, Lism. L. 4618 . With abstr. obj.: tug leis feirg n-adhbhal n-anba | dom athchur he brought with him, i.e. displayed, BS 6 . abradh fris co ná tardad gráin ná hirfuath leis ina dochum, ACL iii 5 . indas na luinde ┐ na barainde . . . tucsat leo isin chath, LL 403a25 .

(c) d.¤ anuas brings down, humbles (mod.): dobhéuruinn a náimhde anuas go haithgheárr, Psalms lxxxi 14 , cf. xviii 27 . Cf. A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 3 : maor nach tug sároghadh síos `who has not taken down my offences' (?). See Desid. Gloss. (anuas) .

(d) d.¤ suas brings up, rears, educates (mod.): nech . . . tuccadh suas i Saxoibh as a óicce, AFM v 1752 . mar neach tugadh suas ionna ḟochair as one brought up with him, Proverbs viii 30 . degh-thabhartha suas well-educated , Rel. Celt. ii 206 .

IV Gets, wins, takes: an extension of meaning brings folld. by certain prepp. such as AS or Ó. Mostly in Mid. Ir. with confusion of do-rat- and do-ucc-, see above under forms.

(a) dorat mac Lonán ar a dhán ó fheraib Eirenn ní nach lugha iná a tuc Guaire immach won for his art from the men of Ireland an amount no less than G. had given away, SG 400 . in tan bes glainiu in anim rop and dos ucca Día may God take the soul when it is purest, Ériu vi 116 . rofāssaigh machaire na Muman . . . co tard iltáintiu carried off, RC xviii 50 (Tig.). tuchta tāinte treabh-clann | la Cremhthand, Todd Nenn. 136 . is ua dobeir cheird who adopts a calling, PRIA xix 546 . cinged issin sliab co tabrad fiad `to fetch a deer', Arch. Hib. ii 70 . tuccusae comarleccud I obtained permission, Mon. Tall. 136 . is iad dobeiredh gach buaidh, SG 34 . dobertatar a búaid they gained the victory over him, ZCP ix 192 . nipad andsu Cuchulaind acht tuctha a c[h]leitine aire provided his javelin were taken from him, TBC-I¹ 1331 . dobered leth brandaigechta ┐ fi[d]chillachta fora thigerna used to win, 2327 . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra, RC v 199 .

(b) With ASS: nicon robae rann di rannaib in domain as nacha tucad Dia, Ml. 125b7 (where meaning is still brings); cf. 94d4 . dotuc ass, a gillai (take thyself off?), LL 117a31 . asa Iubdain tuc mé as `I.'s sandals bore me through undrowned', SG 252 . ond uair doratus[s]a menmain ind, ní thucus as from the time that I set my mind on Him, I have never taken it from Him, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 324 ). dobeir Cuchulainn in ṅgai ass draws out the spear, RC iii 178 . dia taltar in cloch as do chind . . . mani tucthar ass, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 8 . romarbsat he . . . ┐ ni tucsat banne fola as did not draw a drop of blood, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). dibeir coicait Breasal la gach n-ernaighthe a hiffern takes fifty (souls) out of Hell, ZCP vii 306 . dusfuc Patraic . . . a taig Diaboil, ACL iii 303 . rí dofuc brait hiffirn uair | a pēin, a crithfeidm, SR 7777 , cf. 3961 . rocumdaig Dia int asna dorad a hAdhamh, BB 16b26 . dorat an t-oglach brodchú as a choim, Imr. Brain i 60 . saighit na sluaigh an chathair, co ttartsat a seoit . . . eiste, Leb. Gab.(i) 84 .

(c) With DE takes from: dothuc do Adaum a chenn | co ruc co Hierusalem, SR 2235 . dobēraind-sea a c[h]eand de, TBC-I¹ 824 . is he Tuathal tart a cindu dona coiceadaib cut off the extremities of the provinces, Lec. 594a10 = tall . . . dena c., LL 295b13 . co tuc a mind dia chend, SR 6727 . tair . . . fein don craunn | tuc de oen-ubull, 1262 , cf. 1285 . do naimdib doberar `from enemies it is taken', Laws i 228 Comm.

(d) With Ó: dobert secht multu uade carried off seven wethers from her, Hy. v 36 ( Thes. ii 337 ). cid tuccais ó Guaire? what has thou got from G.?, ACL iii 2 . ised tucsam o Máolrúain (the teaching) we received from M., Mon. Tall. 137 . da fuc Michol o Alathis took M. from A. (her husband), SR 6571 . dorad giallu o Findachta . . . ri Laigen, Lec. 138b43 . dorat mallachtain don tí . . . dobera[d] a mainc[h]ine ó Chiarán, ACL iii 226 . dorat buar iomdha uaidhibh, AFM 1263 (iii 392) . co ttarat a réir uadhoibh obtained his demand from them, 705 (i 306) . tuccais an éccsi nglain | ón mnaoi mérghil, ót máthair, ZCP viii 109 . in uainn tucadh? was it taken from us?, Laws i 74 Comm.

(e) d.¤ mnái takes a wife, weds: nā tuic seitchi gl. noli quaerere uxorem, Wb. 10a30 . regat-sa . . . co tuc a ingin, SR 5827 . an adhaigh tuc Mongán Dubhlacha, | tuc Mac an Daimh [a com]alta, Imr. Brain i 63 . co tucas-sa in mbé sáir sláin, Ériu iv 154 . dofuc-som ingin Aithechda, Hib. Min. p. 77 . nach tibrad mnai dogrés dia nustuccad nech ali remiu he would never wed any woman if another had wedded her already, TE 2 (Eg.). ca ben dobér? what woman shall I marry?, ZCP viii 113 . gēba flaithius ┐ dobēra rigan, Aen. 1248 . Fithir álainn . . . in ben dorat rí Berba, SG 360 . co tarat Eochu . . . in n-ingin ba siniu .i. Fithir, LL 294b48 ( RC xiii 36 ). amser i tibred Alax . . . mnái do Grecaib illánamnus, LL 229b34 ( TTr. 925 ). tabhair m'inghen-sa. —Ní thiubhar-sa í, ITS v 148 . annsa n-eiséirghe ní thabhruid fir mná ┐ ní tugthar mná d'fhearaibh, Matthew xxii 30 . With DO: tuc Hiruath ingin Aristopuil ... do mnaí, Ev.Inf. (LB) 381 § 104 . isé in Nemhnall sin dorad Finmaith inghen Carthaigh do mnáoi, BNnÉ 25 § 15 .

(f) d.¤ immach wins, captures (most freq. with vn.) (cf. I (f) above): an ben rucadh uaim-si . . . nach tuitfe fer d'Ulltachaib impe ag a tabairt amach in recovering her, Imr. Brain i 67 . ag tabhairt bhailte móra amach ó na nāimdibh, Rel. Celt. ii 206 . do chuir sídsi 'ma chaislén ┐ níor chinn leis a thabhairt amach, 178 . d.¤ istech id. : tuc A. sin isteach (of land), AFM iv 974 .

V Occas. do-beir appears as an intrans. vb. folld. by FOR or other prep. or adv. in sense makes for; falls on, attacks ; perh. from an orig. reflexive use, cf. dosfucsad dias laech do Laignib for Chond ┐ rosfobairsed Conn threw themselves on C., Lec. 598a46 . dober P. for N. ┐ non-gon, BB 440b32 . imatarla doib . . . co tarat indt aoinfer for firu Erind, Anecd. v 11 ( Sc.M² 8 . See Celtica iii 267 ). ise dorat forru co brath attacked them, ZCP xiii 348.9 . co tuc fói fell upon him (?), LL 260b50 . dorat cách co dúr ┐ co díchra risin debaid betook himself to the fray, 256a43 . doberait a muinter co dichra a n-agaid A., Aen. 2636 . doradsat co dichra 'sin cath, 2859 , 2612 . Follg. ex. is perh. an extension of this use: is andsin tucsad na tuatha-sin rigi do thabairt do S. made a move (decided) to give (?), Lec. 447a39 .

VI

(a) comprehends, understands ; gl. intellegere, Wb. 21c11 . intendere, 15a29 . hi tucu cheist ndoraid where I understand a difficult problem, SP ii 8 ( Thes. ii 294 ). ni tucai cách dib belrae alaili, Ml. 42c7 . duucthar tria rosc aní nolabraifitis, 55a10 . ara tuicce ar-rolegais, Wb. 28d7 . ara tucca cach a canas, 27b27 . ní tucsat cia chruth conrerortatar, Ml. 75d10 . nad tuicset rúna, Wb. 15a29 . ní tucid féin ní da n-abraid, RC xxviii 314 . do neoch dorucai mo rí | bec dofucaid ní dia grés of what my king can comprehend ye understand little (?), SR 7983 . ni frith dó . . . dia drúidib nech dosfucad, 3228 , cf. 2763 . ní ragaib acht nem . . . do cach oen nodgēbad ┐ nodafucfad etir cēill fogra, RC xx 134 . nír thuiccestair an mbreithir atbert R. fris, BNnÉ 323 . do tucsat cēlmhaine na ndruadh, ZCP i 398 . ní tucenn aenduine in briathar-sin uaithe, vi 291 . cindus rothuiggisi in berla ebraidi uaithib ┐ tu fen it' gregach?, YBL 141b22 . Folld. by vn. clause: ni tuccai nech anfoirbthe buith fo riaguil, Ériu i 202 .

(b) perceives, observes, is aware of: tucim nár bé chóir, TBC-LL¹ 4083 . douicim-ne ┐ tuigmit conid mog do Dia tusa, PH 750 . dofuicind Dia . . . co n-oslaicfither bar ruisc (= scit Deus quod aperientur, etc. , Gen. iii 5 ), Lec. 530a10 = dofuicfind, BB 16b53 . ar na rothucad Pátraic cia dia ṅdernad int immun, Trip. 396 . doucad in tan ticfad sonend ┐ donend, LU 823 ( ACC 58 ). dofucfa cách 'na mbia fo menmain a chéli cen a falsigud o briathraib, RC xxv 248 . tuigedh gurab ar gealtacht robháoi an bhen, BS 108 . ní thuigfinn m'imshníom ná m'olc | ar ghualainn mhic C. I should not be conscious of, O'Gr. Cat. 453 . o rathuic corba corp dia adnocul, tuc airrde na croiche, Lat. Lives 94 . o rathuicistair . . . a mbeith nocht (= cum cognovissent se esse nudos, Gen. iii 7 ), Lec. 530a21 . In ipv. oft. folld. by la + refl. pron., tuic lat observe, note , know (common in med. texts): tuic leat gurob comartha bāis, 23 P 10, 3b10 ; 7a1 ; 30a56 , etc. With OC: tuig agad cindus bis tiacht amach an tsile take note how the flux issues forth, 10b26 . Folld. by AR, perceives, knows (by looking at): atcífe diabul ┐ tuicfe a olc fair, PH 2037 . dothuigisdar ar in ablainn ndiatha . . . bí eder a lāmhaib an tsaguirt (sic leg.) . . . co roibi pecadh folaidhthi aigi he knew from the consecrated wafer . . . that he (the priest) had committed some secret sin, Lib. Flav. i 33 rb 12 . tuigim ort go saoiltear libh, etc., Content. xiv 53 . Folld. by ASS knows (from), infers (from): tuicim-se as a tuarascbail, TBC-LL¹ 5660 (St.). issed rotuiccedh as sain, na huilc tháncatar `hence men presaged the evils', SG 406 . tuicter as sin nach fedann laeighi ara taebhaibh it is a sign that he cannot lie on his side, 23 P 10, 3a30 . Vbl. of necess.: is tuicti na comartha-sin do bheith go holc, 24 P 22, 105.13 . is tuigthe dhaoibh . . . gur ab iad sin clann Abraham, Galatians iii 7 . as tuigthe dhúinn as so gurab decair, etc., Ó Héodhusa 15 .

(c) thinks, opines, considers: nihil medico conducibilius censeo . . . .i. ni tuigim go bhfuil ní, etc., 23 K 42, 184.4 . ní thuigim go dtiocfadh rum etc., I do not think that I could agree, Content. ix 5 . cé bé duine nach biaidh leinn . . . tuigmíd gur duine i n-ar n-aghaidh in duine sin, O'Gr. Cat. 468 . do thuicc drong dona hughdaruibh . . . gurab must as ferr a n-ionadh an fhíona, 24 P 32, 52.6 ; 211.9 .

(d) means, signifies (usually in pass.): cennsa tuicther tresin snechta is symbolized by, PH 3386 . triasan uiscce tuicther popul na creitmech, tuict[h]er Críst triasin fín, RC xxxvii 346 . a toghaide tre-uillech, trésa tuicthear in Trinōid, MR 92 . an sextuarius adubramar . . . as é sextuarius an uisce thuigmid we mean a s. of water, 24 P 32, 94.1 . adeir G. . . . antan aderar eiliborus . . . go tuicter eiliborus geal antan sin that white hellebore is meant, 23 P 10, 31b46 .

(e) In certain cases folld. by prep. DOCHUM, DO, FRI (LE), understands (of), applies or refers to (freq. in pass.): species .i. gnē ┐ termin uilidhe ┐ tuicther duine ┐ leomhan chuige sin (i.e. `man' and `lion' are referred to, are examples of a species), 24 P 3, 304.23 . as iad so na daine da tuicter so .i. na daine bis a n-āis .x. bliadan .xx. this applies to persons of the age of thirty, 23 P 10, 8a10 . ni do lucht na paralisi amain tuicter an rādh so this saying applies not to paralytics alone, 44b46 . an spic[a] adubramar, as d'olaidh an spica .n. thuigios Mesué í the `spica' above-mentioned M. takes to mean oil, etc. , 24 P 32, 156.8 . re fiabras coididiana contineoideach is coir sin da thuigsin ┐ re fiabras coididiana nach contineoideach do tuigeadar siad-san he this rightly applies to continuous quotidian fever, but those authors understood it of intermittent, 23 P 10, 163 vb 27 . is amhlaidh bhíos an tslat . . . geal go hiomlán, do chomhartha na firinne lé dtuigthear an ghile in sign of truth with which whiteness is associated (i.e. of which it is a symbol), Keat. iii 151 . creud thuigeas tú lé maitheadh na bpeacadh? what do you understand by forgiveness of sins?, Donlevy 44 .

dórtad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dórtad or dil.ie/18410

Forms: dortaidh

n u, m. (g s. dortaidh, C IV 2, 18b5 ) IGT Verbs § 71 . vn. of do-fortai pouring, pouring out, shedding: d.¤ fola, PH 7605 . dortadh dér, RC xix 376 n. 4 . blegon secht fichet bó find do dortadh for etrigib, Lec. 62a11 . foxal ┐ dortad ┐ corbad (trespasses committed by poultry), Laws iv 116 Comm. a chrū do dhorted fon ūir, Marco P. 65 . ag dortadh a dēr go himarcach, BCC § 189 . iar ndortadh mheidhg na mailíse a cornaibh an choguais, TSh. 4107 . Common in med. texts: dordad allais, 24 B 3, 109.19 . dortadh an ḟuail, 23 K 42, 317.3 . emissio spermatis . . . .i. dortadh an sperma, 318.11 . dortadh leanna dhuibh ar fut an cuirp diffusion of melancholic humour, O'Gr. Cat. 238 . anbaine spirut na bethadh o teighter an corp arna ndortadh ann the weakness of the animal spirits by which the body is warmed, after they are diffused through it (?), 23 P 10, 2a42 . Astrol. influence (?): dortad na rée, 3 C 19, 280va3 . dortad mor in quadrains on corp nemhdha, vb11 . ionad in ráe do ueit[h] a ttosach Aries . . . ata in rae . . . a ttosach Cancer noch ata a ndortad contrarda d'Aries, 28 . Fig. dissipating, destroying: sluagdortad (.i. co Mumain) Forchái destruction of hosts (?), ZCP xii 235 § 50 (cf. AFM i 474 ). is dórtud cacha flatha fírinne fuilige for lár, ZCP xi 84 . dortadh flaithis extinction of royalty, kingdom without a king, king's abdication of his government, P. O'C. ; Keat. iii 3959 . sgotha séaghanda a sreath bhfis | díden dó ar dhordadh (sic) bhflaithis, L. Cl. A. B. 176.118 . is dortadh flaithesa .i. righe don tsosar reimhe an tsinnsior, ITS v 24 . dortud flathemnais, Cog. 128 . Note also: gan e fein do dhortadh go mor ar sholás corpordha give oneself up to, Luc. Fid. 137 . gan mé fein do dhortadh ar ól, Parrth. Anma 387 .

do-sceinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-sceinn or dil.ie/18446

Forms: dosceinn

v (to-scenn-. See ZCP xxiv 234 - 5 ) springs, starts, bounds: dodath scenn toscen, Thes. ii 248.5 , see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 617 . dosgenn for lár an tighe, RC xiv 452 . toscenn Cúchulaind cuice, 453 . dosceinn, xii 29.26 , 31.1 . dosceinn cnead cúmhad ana cridhe, ZCP xiii 173 . do-scind . . . in gabar fo gairm M., Fing. R. 873 . Trans.: co tarscenset Mumain i n-aimsir Mac Aililla Óloim invaded (?), SG ii 457 (perh. a different compd.).

fásugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fásugud or dil.ie/21351
Last Revised: 2019

n u, m. (vn. of fásaigid)

(a) emptying, making void: ba hé a fassugud a nebchomalnad (gl. ad evacuandam promissionem) Wb. 19c4 .

(b) desolating, laying waste: fásughadh Muighe B. la Saxoibh etir ecclais ┐ tuaith, AFM 683 . Aed O. do ḟasucchadh Midhe gurbho riarach dhó, 793 . tarthomar ... puirt oirechais d'fásughad `we have lived to see ... the tribal convention places emptied' O'Gr. Cat. 374.26 .

(c) vacating (a place): Ulaid do fhássugud a tíre ar terca co ndechatar ar cech leth fo Herind 'the Ulaid abandoned their land on account of scarcity and scattered throughout Ireland', AI 176 (s.a. 1005.2) . ? Lugne ┐ iarthar Connacht do fassugud ┐ do taidecht hi Mumain ' Luigne and western Connachta were vacated and [their inhabitants] came into Mumu ', AI 250 (s.a. 1095.10) .

finechas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. finechas or dil.ie/22120

n o, m. (fine)

(a) the land and possessions held by a `fine'; hereditary territory: nad confil f.¤ for Druimm leas `a family right of inheritance to Druim lias' Thes. ii 239.1 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). dolodar Ulaid ... atuaid co tugtha a fineacus fo[r] a tir ... ┐ talmain fodein their hereditary rights of possession in their own land Anecd. i 24.3 (= condatarsat hi finechus, Ériu iii 141.222 ). taigam co Mumain diar f.¤ dīles, ZCP viii 312.3 . laighett cheneóil Ḟiachach d'ḟ.¤ `how small the inheritance' AFM v 1726.16 . gur t[h]óc cuice mar ferand taebfine ┐ combráthar hé, ┐ gur fág aicc a clainn hé mar finechus, O'D. 1957 (< Eg. 90, 7a ). innuair tainic in roind finechuis ib. In wider sense, patrimony, possessions: a chuid fineachu[i]s féin do bheith aige d'Ibh Eachach, Ériu i 92y . ifrenn tall a bfineachus `their inheritance' BNnÉ 286.16 . do reacadar a bhḟineachas ┐ a máoin `possessions and goods' Acts ii 45 (hence fineachas `a possession ' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 343 ).

(b) transf. kindred, descendants: ? cech roi reraig ... cotgab ... | roslín Fergus dia ḟinichas, LL 23a15 . romarbad leis mac C. ... cona ḟineochus, Anecd. i 13.22 . nír iadsat ... fa aen duine reme ... frema fodhla finechais mar do iadsat fá'n ardflaith, MR 116.4

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