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ad-comla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-comla or dil.ie/400

 

Forms: ad-comla, a-t-comla, ad-ind-chomlat, adcomaltar, -accomoltar, adcomlatar, -acomlatar, adcomaltar, -accomaltar, adchomlatar, adrochomolta, -accomalta, adrochomul, adcomaill, comlasat, ros ocomlad, accomaltae, accomol, accomlaid

v (* ad-com-la-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 509 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ad-comla, Wb. 3c13 . a-t-comla som, 4a10 . 3 pl. ad-ind-chomlat. Sg. 212b7 . Pass. sg. adcomaltar, Sg. 148b9 . -accomoltar, 188a15 . Pl. adcomlatar, 51b13 . -acomlatar, 198a20 . Subj. pres. pass. sg. adcomaltar, Sg. 63a17 . -accomaltar, 197b17 . Pl. adchomlatar, Ml. 35b2 . Subj. impf. pass. sg. adrochomolta, Sg. 188a16 . -accomalta, ZCP vii 484.30 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. adrochomul, Ml. 58b12 . adcomaill, LL 750 . 3 pl. (with tmesis) ata coraib comlasat , ZCP xii 365.23 . Pass. sg. ros ocomlad, Trip.² 2072 .

Part. accomaltae.

Vn. accomol.

Later as simple vb. accomlaid.

Joins, unites: is in óin persin atacomla `it is in one person that it joins itself', Sg. 208a10 . amal adindchomlat coniunctiones `as conjunctions join', 212b7 . adcomlatar gl. iniungantur, Ml. 35b2 . co roaccomalta gl. copularetur, ZCP vii 484.30 (Enchir. Aug.). innahisiu adrochomul, Ml. 58b12 . tor Conaind co méit airgne / adcomaill col cét milte, LL 750 . is é ro-accomail in eclais cechtardai, PH 7066 . With tmesis: ar conrarcicht selba . . . ata coraib comlasat comdliged mainche morfaeidm flaithemnuis, ZCP xii 365.23 . do etarscarath neich adrocomallnad (leg. adrochomlad?) tria mierlegend, Hib. Min. 307 . Joins to, with (DO, FRI, LA): do genitin articuil adcomaltar in gerind `to the genitive of the article is joined the gerund', Sg. 148b9 . air dianaccomaltar pronomen naill do, Sg. 197b17 . ara chosmili frisa cétnide dia naccomoltar, 188a15 . ró pridach Pátraic dí coros ocomlad don tairgertaig spirtalta, Trip.² 2072 . ronaccomail Eláir do Mártain araile sechtarétsíd dia forcetul, RC ii 390 § 19 . uracomol cis neimid .i. in ní for a firaccomailter a cis do neimed `by which his rent is truly secured to a n.-person', Laws iv 6.y Comm. ro-n-accomailset do'n cháisc `they brought it (Lent) into conjunction with Easter', PH 5006 . o ro-s-accomail do fen when he united it (the Church) to Himself, 4553 . atcomlasom friu ardis lemnethu de do hícc, Wb. 4a10 . adcomla friu fessin in fect so `he joins Himself to them now', 3c13 . adcomlatar sidi fri cach tuisel `these are joined to every case', Sg. 51b13 . ciad- comaltar oppidum friss, Sg. 63a17 . fobith inna cenel . . . frisanacomlatar, 198a20 . ní accomlatar epactae . . . fri riaglóri, Thes. ii 17.27 . (BCr.) atcomlasom híc lasnahí dofuircifea bráth i mbethu `he joins himself híc with those whom the Judgement will find alive', Wb. 25b16 . Note also: mar rohaccomlait mar aen / in t-uiscce is in fīn, RC xxxvii 346 § 33 .

ainrechtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainrechtaid or dil.ie/1501

 

n (rechtaid) lawless person: ? secht n-elaidthi . . . na dime neimed De na duine nach n-anrechtaig, Laws v 318.13 (cf. iv 184.14 ). ogdiles cach nanrechtaid, iii 464.12 . ni theged uad tarsi acht anrechtaid, RC xx 410 n.2 .

blichtmaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blichtmaire or dil.ie/6143

 

n [, f.] (blichtmar) lactiferousness, abundant yield of milk: sēgamla .i. b.¤ . . . isna Brethaib Neimed: meser būar a sēgamlai .i. . ara mb.¤ , Corm. Y 1135.

breth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breth or dil.ie/6758
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: brith, -e, breith, breith, -e, breith

ā, f. vn. of beirid. O. Ir. also brith i (with g s. in -e) (?), see GOI § 294 (b) , 727 . Later usually breith (d s. form). breith, f. g s. -e, IGT Decl. § 14 (69.6) . breith, Verbs § 13 . m., Beatha S. F. 1088 ; but breath in the sense `judgement´, Ériu lviii 154 ..

(a) act of carrying, bearing : fer brithe lésboiri gl. acolitum, Wb. 25d3 . asrous iarom a brith they were unable to bring it (a small pig), LU 1743. tōet nech ūaib . . . dia brith to carry it (a vessel of milk), ZCP viii 310.9 . a corp du brid taris syr da adhnacud `his body was borne eastwards over sea', Ann. Inisf. 1260.4 . teachtaire . . . / re breith sgéal `to bring messages', Dán Dé xiv 1 .

(b) act of bearing, bringing forth; parturition, birth : b.¤ et altram , Wb. 10b1 . óg re mbreith cen chuit cleithe, / óg i n-aimsir fírbreithe `a virgin before bearing', Blathm. 639 - 40 . co mbeba dot breith (: chleith) / do mathair, LL 18503. ar thrumme inna brithe, 33190 ( Fraech 107 ). saer bru beiris brith `that brings forth', Laws iii 312.20 Comm. mar mhnaói ag breith = that travaileth, Isaiah xiii 8. re linn beirthe Chríost, Keat. i 46.23 . breith . . . ar Slánuightheora, Donlevy 448.10 . glasgeg darach fo brith `the green branch of an oak in bearing', RC xxiv 196 § 11 (see Cín Chille Cúile 99-100 n. 117 ). deich nuain do breith in aoínḟecht d'aon chaoiridh, AFM iii 608.7 . Med. womb : dortadh fola . . . on breith (= matrix, Vocab.), Rosa Angl. 26.3 . no a muchad na breithe ac mnaim suffocatio hysterica (see Gloss.), 92.3 .

(c) act of carrying away, taking (with one) (opp. of tabart), Frequ. with LA with ref. to logical subject of vn. phr. In physical and abstract senses: mad fíu lib mo ainechsa do breith less, Wb. 14a4 . a b.¤ ┐ a tabairt `its taking and its giving', Laws iv 48.1 Comm. nir lam didu nech do feraib Herenn a b.¤ leis `durst carry him away', RC xxiv 190.15 . rinn a bhaise do bhreith lais, Dán Dé xv 33 . gorta dom brith, Irish Texts i 35.26 . mórán . . . nach feudfadaois do bhreith leó (= non potestis portare, Joh. xvi 12 ), Eochairsg. 14.17 .

(d) act of carrying off, securing, winning (a game, etc.): breith nó caill na glóire `the gaining . . . of the glory', Donlevy 186.7 . fá bhreith . . . na maithiosa saoghaltha (= gain in Span. text), Desid. 2762. in ferann uile do breith don ingín a dualgus bancomarbais `all the land is obtained by the daughter', Laws iv 40.20 Comm. See díriuch, techtugad. Note also: sdíoma bruit h'eich imtheachduigh / dá breith dhuit re ndonnchorcair you prefer the fringe of your horsecloth to (a) crimson (robe) (?), IGT Decl. ex. 121.

(e) act of carrying off, away (from, etc. with meaning limited by prepp.): inna fecheman .i. do breith neich assom (dobreithnechtassom, MS.) gl. depraedationi . . . creditorum, Ml. 127b1 . mo máthair do brith a cacht to take . . . from bondage, Ériu iv 98.2 . ar iss ed a cert-som a findtid do breith ar fine (Comm.) `to hold their family-land against the fine', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 151 .z . brith in chísa út díbh, RC xxvii 294 § 58. ní inchoisget sidi ní iarna ṁbrith onaib rannaib frisṁbiat `after being taken from the parts of speech', Sg. 202b3 . dot breithsiu úanna `to carry thee off from us', Mon. Tall. 153.27 . nir' āil dōib a thaissi do brid dō ūaithib, ZCP iii 35.9 . cia forúair a mbreith chucca? `who caused them to be brought to her?' Metr. Dinds. iii 386.11 . mo breith co hArdmacha (my body) to be carried to A., Cog. 200.26 . A. . . . dom breth co sid sogar `A. . . . to bear me to gainful peace', Gorm. Aug 29. ba cōru ind eich uccu[t] do breith dond espug, ZCP viii 106.22 . narbo cuman lia muintir si a breith leo do Cill Dara `did not remember to bring it (sc. a flitch of bacon) with them to K.', Thes. ii 339.15 . ind aiccend do brith for antepeneuilt `the bringing . . . on', Sg. 216b1 . iarna breith sech ingru / for dindgnu secht nime, Fél. Ep. 119. da breith for nem to bring it (sc. the soul) to heaven, ACL iii 216.6 . a mbrith i ndoiri `to carry them into slavery', Ml. 33c13 . dod b.¤ i tech péne `to bring thee into the house of pain', Ériu ii 222.7 . dia mbreith in óitith `to bring them (back) into youth', Sg. 63b6 . gá breith a ceann choinghleaca (a horse), IGT Decl. ex. 1187.

With DO, FRI act of referring (to): a brith do israheldaib `its reference to the Israelites', Ml. 36c20 . 36c21 . 37a10 . á brithe do iudaib `of its reference to the Jews', 37a6b . a mbrith fri corpu peccatorum `to refer to etc.', Wb. 13d4 . a brith frisa ndliged remeperthe, 23c11 .

(f) bre(i)th for (ar) act of catching up on, overtaking : drem . . . do breith forro i mB. `came up with them at B.', Ann. Conn. 1260.14 . ticedh sī do breit a mbethaidh orum `let her come if she would find me alive', ZCP vi 99.14 . go bhfanfaidis re sgéala do bhreith ortha for news to reach them, Celt. Rev. x 142.14 . ba geis do flaithibh Temrach eirge ngreine do breith forra alla astigh do shecht múraibh na T., BNnÉ 324 § 39 . iar mbreith do chéd tosach an geimhridh ┐ don oidhche fa da fair `when . . . the beginning of winter . . . has set in', AFM v 1792.16 . oibre . . . ar nach fuil breith uair oile for which no other time can be found, Parrth. Anma 2411. ní fhuil breith air gan díommbuaidh gcatha do bheith ort `there is no avoiding defeat for thee', Keat. iii 936. fa bheith . . . ag breith amuigh ar an Eagluis Romhanaigh censuring (?) the Roman Church (lit. catching out ), Luc. Fid. 2818. ag breith ar láimh ar Dh. taking D. by the hand, Desid. 638.

(g) act of judging, deciding; judgment, legal ruling, interpretation: immess fírían do brith for cach, Ml. 103c15 . bím do bhreith le bior an troighigh / nach reic[h] cion an oinigh orm, IGT Decl. ex. 812. Frequ. in figura etymologica: is ón spirut rouiccius brith, Wb. 9b6 . éitset frisin precept et berat brith fuiri gl. diiudicent, 13a11 . berid cách brith for arele gl. suspiciones malae, 29b9 . ber brith étrunn, Ml. 38c28 . á rí beres bretha, Fél. Ep. 416. ag breith breithe, RC xliii 8 § 2. ergc co C. cor-ruca brith fort, Ériu ii 222.4 . a ghníomh do fhlaith béaraidh breith a prince's deeds shall judge him, DDána 91.9 . Note further: na bretha scribatar and in æpistolis , Wb. 17b2 . am gáeth i mbretaib, LU 10287 (TE). cosnum a breithe o ro-sn-uca `to defend his decision when he has given it', Laws v 252.9 . imtiagad breatha ilbruige, 466.15 . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse ┐ screbtra, 452.20 . satharn do brethaib, Críth G. 547. a mbreith údair `in the decision of an author', Leb. Cert. 204.14 . In titles of legal tracts: Breatha Comaithcesa, Laws iv 68 . ZCP xv 315.12 . bretha dein checht, Bretha § 1 . córus breatha neimead, O'D. 2189 (Nero A vii, 132a). See neimed . breith le báidh a partial decision, Content. vi 176. do chuir Molaise do bhreith aithrighe air dul i nAlbain `imposed as penance on him', Keat. iii 1358. ruc Ioseph doib . . . / breith cóir foran-aslingthe interpretation , SR 3270.

(h) In phrases: tuc a b.¤ fen do braigdib dó whatever hostages he wished, RC xviii 274.14 (Tig.). asbert Mugain frisin mbancanti dobérad a b.¤ féin di día mbenad, etc. whatever she liked, LU 4223. fuair Ráth bhoth a breath leannáin `R. obtained its chosen love' (in appointment of prelate), Arch. Hib. i 96 § xii . gon ar breith (sic leg.) dhó (gan air a chumas, v.l.), BNnÉ 158 § 11 (see Éigse ix 272 ). ata gach uile ní ar breith (no comas) don tí creitfes = omnia possib[i]lia sunt cre- denti (note f.), ITS xix 44.22 . ná bíodh ar breith a úabhair `let him not be led by pride' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 26. 219.22. tabhram fad bhreith / . . . / nua na calla `let me put 'neath Thy power', Dán Dé xvi 8 . an maor do bhí ar gach mbaile / tug Brian fa bhreith a dtoile `placed beneath the authority of its folk', Content. v 75. ní nár dhuit dol fár mbreith-ne `to yield to our judgment', vii 16 . Note further: tíachtain tar do breith `to transgress thy judgment', Ériu iv 134.22 .

(i) With various nouns: is fer bret[h]i budi ┐ oirbiri `a man great in thanksgivings and in upbraidings', MacCongl. 87.9 . is cóir buidheachas do bhreith ré Dia `to give thanks to God', Donlevy 6.15 . eolus do breith ann `to find out the way thither', MR 276.14 . breith do roghuin . . . diomoladh na neolghach d'fulang, tar a bheith dorcha air chách preferring , Donlevy xxii 16 . See 1 enech, robud. céim do bhreith tar Chambrens ag cáineadh na n-Éireannach to go a step beyond Cambrensis, Keat. i 40.8 . See léimm. Note further: d'aicsin Dé is ní dom breith buan `to see Him, not to save myself', Dán Dé xxvi 41 .

? b.¤ .i. sith no cain, aprobio a greig, pax uobis a laidin, sith no si[th]cain a gaoidheilg, O'Dav. 323.

Compds. With nouns: a breat[h]aga (: lethḟada) time for judgment, ACL iii 235 § 20. bráthchæi .i. brethcheo ǽi, Corm. 7. re bhreithcheirt a breitheamhan ` justice ', MR 102.16 . ar bhéin re breithionnadh (breitindead, breith fionna, v.ll.) mbreath, LMuimhneach 425.293 . cét mbó mbrethlaind `a hundred well-selected cows' ( Corm. Tr. 26 ), Corm. Y 179. ? Cf. búalann. robae ar brethlaind Midi immuig / M. . . ., Rawl. 164b11 . na brethlaind `in his place of judgment' ( Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 30 ), LL 23969. fāeisidi . . . / cona brethlogad as bind confession . . . with Absolution, ACL iii 237 § 24. F. . . . / barr uas brethraind bithbuadaig, LL 15939. báire breath-sholuis gacha bréithre, MR 108.18 .

With adjj.: buaidh mbreatha (inbetha, v.l.) breathadh- bhail, IT iii 57 § 107.10 . firinne bruinnti, bretheamhanda, breth-fhuaslaictheach ` redeeming ', MR 98.18 . ainm bechtglan (breathglan, v.l.), ITS xxxv 94 § 11 .

cís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cís or dil.ie/9231
Last Revised: 2013

 

n u, [m.?] (Lat. census, GOI 172 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 209 ). Treated as neut. in: cis n-incis o anfine, ┐ cis n-infuilaing o fine, ┐ cis n-airdbide . . . ó fine ┐ ó anfine, Laws i 158. 7 - 9 Comm., hisa c.¤ , Trip.² 184 . Perh. occasionally as o-stem in Laws (see exx. below). cíos m., IGT § 34 . tax, tribute, cess, rent : c.¤ gl. cim, LU 8901 ( FB 68 ). mál .i. cíos, Eg. Gl. 472 . c.¤ gl. fiscus, Sg. 37b16 . athgabail treisi sloiged, ciss `distress of three days for hosting, rent', Laws i 156.27 . sáor ar chios gach cionaidh (leg. cionad?) fine(?), Ériu xiii 30.17 . re im dingbail cisa di-a tuaith `a battle to ward of rent', Laws v 300.24 . c.¤ égoir ro cuinge[d] ar an duini, O'Curry 2314 ( Eg.88, 24(25)b ). dligid císa mo dhuan-sa, H 3.18, 563 . dirodba indiunn / ar colno císu `may she destroy within us the taxes of our flesh', Thes. ii 325.19 (Hy. iv) glossed peccata, cf. cíos .i. peacadh, O'Cl. ro maith in rí a ch.¤ do Pátraic, Trip.² 187 . cána ┐ smachta ┐ císa fer nErend, LU 4207 . fis do ch.¤ co cert, KMMisc. 276 § 72 . in tan rochlomar clocān / ni furāil in c.¤ , ACL iii 313 § 19 . cis trom do-berthea forro, Ériu xvi 84.88 . do chungid in chīsa co Gāedelaib, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.y . conair chissa a journey which led to (their) paying tribute(?), Acall. 7008 . dlegaid claidme c.¤ a nglantai iarna tosluccad `swords are entitled to the tribute of cleansing them', RC xii 106 § 162 . tug sé c.¤ in da theallach sin leis, Stair Erc. 1647 . cíos na gcath ag cath Bhúille `income from their battles', O'Hara 4000 , see n. cíos mar dogheabhthair don Ghall `cess is got even by the foreigner', Dán Dé xxv 7 . DDána 58.26 . ar gnē chīossae a fforcionn gach mīossa `at a certain rent, payable at the end of each month', Fl. Earls 54.3 . cíos cinnte . . . mar chothughadh óna thighearna, TSh. 10075 `wages' Glossary.

With bés: nī dlig nach rī . . . cīs nā bēs nā gēill . . . don tīr-sin, Corp. Gen. 207.8 . co fessta a ciso ┐ a m-besu lais, TE 2 Eg. = fri commus a m-bésa ┐ a chisa dóib, LU 10716 .

With descr. gen. or adj. of particular tributes, taxes: cíos na hainnise, an mhairsil ’s an tséile, Five Pol. Poems 92.196 . cíos na hainnise chailleas mar mhéirlig, 41.127 . oc tobach in chísa Céssarda, PH 2488 . cios cosanta `protection tribute', AFM iv 1152.6 . cīos is cáin Ērenn, ZCP viii 108.21 . ni rig . . . do na tabar chis flatha `he is not a king . . . to whom the rent of a king is not given', Laws iv 50.23 .i. daeraicillnechta .i. braich, 27 Comm. atait secht neimid cethra . . . bo ciss flatha no eclasa, v 260.3 .i. bo bis ac imḟulang a cisa do ḟlaith no do eclais, 12 Comm. fine cis flatha, v 318.3 .i. in fine bis ag imḟulang a cisa do'n flaith, 9 Comm. do chuinchid chísa grotha ┐ imbi, Trip.² 182 . dobeiredh dham cíos a chinn `used to pay me tribute' (polltax), O'Gr. Cat. 349.18 . c.¤ (n-)inchis see inchís ? c.¤ láime see lám. folach cis lobair, Laws i 230.24 glossed imfulaing (sic leg.) cisa in duine troig, .i. diablad in cisa, 232.25 - 6 . c.¤ nemid tribute due from person of status; uracomol cis neimid, iv 6.10 .i. in ní fora firaccomailter a cis do neimed , y. Comm. do cuireadh cíos Phádraig ar Chonnachtaibh lé Gormghal mac Dín Dáthaidh `Patrick's tribute', Keat. iii 2527 . c.¤ rigdae gl. uectigal, Sg. 52b9 . saer na bochta . . . o'n ch.¤ rigda, PH 458 . fon cis Romanach, Todd Nenn. 70.14 . Cf. mo chíos bhróin rem chois dom chailg `my tribute of grief', Rel. Celt. ii 236.11 . See also Laws i 158.7 - 9 cited above.

With a variety of vbs. expressing levying, exacting, paying tribute: ben do beim císa orainn exact your tribute from us, Lism. L. 3195 . ic brith chīsa Muman. Corp. Gen. 406.10 . fer lé cumthar c.¤ ar coblach, Studies 1920, 418.25 . do ghlacadh cíosa na sealbha `rents', RSClára 49b . ac nougudh (ag gnougudh) a chisa ┐ a chana fein orro, RC xliii 58.9 . cīs in caistiaill d'icc, Grail 3430 . oc tobuch a císa, LU 10435 . Ellipt.: co ná fil . . . / rolamad c.¤ ar Cairind `lay tribute on C.', Ériu iv 98 § 25 .

With prepp. CEN (somet. mere cheville): slíab cen chísu `the mountain free of tax', Metr. Dinds. iii 302.61 . ar do croich cruaid cen cisae innocent(?), Ériu xix 12 § 6 . FO: fo chísu cacht `a captive under tribute', Metr. Dinds. iii 8.83 . us cora mac mucsaide fo chis, Laws v 456.5 . fir 's mná na cruinne fad chíos-sa (of the Cross), DDána 2.4 . suídhe fó chíos tributis serviet', Párl. na mB. 1309 . ro laiset Cenel cConaill fo chios doibh, Hugh Roe² 114.16 . I N-: ingen Rúaid berair hi c.¤ do Fomorib, LU 10439 . SECH: dochuaid sech císu co cert, LU 3065 `i.e. she was exempt from tribute?' Fél. 53 note.

In cheville (see also above): ba buan a c.¤ , Anecd. i 60 § 88 . 65 §134 .

Compds. With nouns: do shaigdis na h-uili seo . . . co Cormac na chischain as tax and tribute, YBL 140b6 . ní thardsad císchain doibh, BB 207b35 . roinn na cíoscána, BNnÉ 258.15 . cuairt ┐ cischanachus a chinid . . . do Ch. `tribute-rents', Fen. 120.7 . ¤-thoibgeóir see toibgeóir.

Deiled

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Deiled or dil.ie/15175

 

Forms: Deled, Deiled, Deileth, Deilídh

n.pr. m. gen. mac Deled (: Neimed), LL 7a20 . Deiled, 7b12 . Deileth, 7b14 . Rawl. 162f41 . Deilídh, BB 27a8 .

didiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. didiu or dil.ie/16223

 

Forms: diṡuidiu, didiu, didu, didhu, dídu, diu, dī, din, dino, diu, dino, dano, d(h)e, Didiu, dī, dō

particle of transition = diṡuidiu (which is used for it FB § 6 ), see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 189 . Written in full, didiu: Wb. 1a9 ; 4a27 , c23 , d27 ; 8a4 ; 11b17a ; 15d20 ; 32c13 . didu: Wb. 8a5 . Hib. Min. 356 , 418 . LL 202a18 (: ¤ligu). BB 397a33 . IT iii 67.3 . didhu, BB 16b20 ; 355b30 = Metr. Dinds. ii 32 (: firu). dídu, SR 1224 . LL 102b38 (= TBC-LL¹ 6019 ). diu: TBC-I¹ 3564 . Hib. Min. 134 , 227 , etc. (reading of Harl.). Death-tales of the Ulster heroes, 12 . Corm. Y 1154 . RC xii 74.3 , 8 . Anecd. iv p. xii . BS § 3 . In Ml. and later MSS. however nearly always contracted dī and by earlier editors generally expanded as din (so always in PH) or dino (through confusion with dano), or somet. diu (SG); dni, AFM v 1552 . Expanded as dino in TBC-I¹ 422 , 428 , 434 , 462 , 469 , 472 , etc., where LU reads dano. Later also apparently d(h)e, see Ériu x 155 .

Didiu never begins a sentence. It always has reference to something preceding. Exceptions are only apparent, e.g. Corm. Y 1053 (where puincern has been introduced in the preceding article) and 568 (cf. 519 ). It generally follows a more or less emphatic word, often a noun or pron., but occasionally comes after ocus or nó at beginning of clause (esp. in PH); no dī may however = nō dō (= dano, q.v.).

(a) In logical sequence therefore, hence = Lat. ergo: nitat torbi . . . is diliu lemm didiu aní as torbæ, Wb. 11b17a , 4c24 . d27 , 8a4 , 15d20 . is mōir sléb[e] fírinne Dæ: cid ara fodmaisiu, a Dúaid, didiu a ndu imnedaib fodaimi? `why then dost thou suffer . . .?', Ml. 55d11 . biror .i. bir tibra . . . or .i. mong; biror didiu mong tiprat, Corm. Y 121 . Corbmac .i. corb .i. carpat. Cormbmac didiu mac carpait, 204 , cf. 519 , 851 , 875 , etc. do suidhiu ind erred isin charput as nomen a fochlæ . . . Fochla didiu cach suidiu n-a[i]rechda hence `fochla' means any exalted seat, 698 . cech fia[d?] . . . acht oenchrann ata dídu for riaguil every food therefore but one tree is under (our) control, SR 1224 . ba miscais lasin righain inti N., ar is dara ceand dorinde in rí fri Cairind he. Ba mor didu dochraidi Chairinde oc in rigain therefore C. was very harshly treated by the queen, RC xxiv 190 . omnia ergo quaecunque vultis, cech maith din is ail lib, PH 5772 . Hence freq. in drawing a conclusion or moral: conid aire sin didiu napo chóir do neoch uabur . . . do denam, LL 279a33 . connach cóir d.¤ lenmain do sholud nó shénairecht, 281b29 . conid ferr do neoch d.¤ a edprait don Chomdid andás dona dóinib, 286b40 (all concluding sentences of tales).

(b) Referring to someth. preceding, introducing an explanation or additional detail (freq. after a noun): rún inna cruche . . . Crúx didu ainm do gním in chrochtho, Wb. 8a5 . mali bare gare . . . Maile didiu .i. olc, Corm. Y 698 (p. 59) , cf. 604 , 860 . bói máthair mac Conaire la Neimed . . . In Nemed hé sin didiu bá ríg-briuga side now this N. was a hosteller, LL 292b1 ( Ériu vi 147 ). tanic aroli fer . . . Marcellus din ainm in fhir sin, PH 950 , cf. 2177 , 3114 , 3342 . is dó ranic inar Ísu . . . corccra d.¤ dath an inair sin, 2861 . Often nearly = for , Lat. enim: cruimther .i. goidelg indi as prespiter. Premther d.¤ a combrec sidie, Corm. Y 211 . Cathal nomen Britonis .i. combrec inn sin .i. catell. Cat d.¤ isin chombreic is cath in scotica Cathal is the Welsh name Catell; for cat in Welsh corresponds to cath in Irish, 206 , cf. 124 .

(c) As a particle of transition in looser signification: bói rí amra . . . Dagan a ainm. Ba mór d.¤ a chumachta, LL 245b43 . is amlaid doraiga intí Ísu Crist . . . Bid mór d.¤ a slóg . . . Is ar bēlaib int ṡluaig-sin d.¤ do aspenfa cách a gnímu, 280b26 - 27 . Common in sequences (often alternating with tra and other particles) = also, moreover, further: is andsin tancadar ina ferchuidreda . . . Is ann d.¤ sin thānic ind nōi carpait di ḟéindidib, TBC-I¹ 3536 . mōr do chētaib . . . mōr do churadaib . . . mōr do buidnib d.¤ robātar oca, 3408 . almsu dia anmain cetus . . . almsu din dia churp, PH 5977 . Ram a ainm ria tusmed chlainde do Abram imorra a ainm iar tusmed . . . Abraham din a ainm in tan dochuaid fo recht n-imdibe, 5684 , cf. 2267 follg., 6233-49 . rucsat bentachtain les on aide ┐ rofacsat bennachtain aice didiu, RC xxxv 204.20 . After ocus: ni bia fortamlus a namut fair . . . ┐ din nisbia tedmunna i n-a ḟlathius, PH 4284 . diar fhulang ┐ diar lessugud fodéin . . . ┐ din do shásad bocht, 6121 . ocus din fáth aile, 5473 ; 5187 . After nó: dia mbé do náma i ngorta . . . nó din dia mbé a n-ittaid, 6043 . doforne sin .i. na tri hetargna . . . no din na trí dána, 7082 . demin leo co mbad comthoitim dóib nó d.¤ inní robíad de co mbad hé a tigerna fén dofáethsad ann, TBC-I¹ 2433 . cia conualaind-se mo charpat ┐ Oen ara Conaill d.¤ ina charput and O. in his chariot as well, 3525 . docer la M. dā fer dēac dīibsom ┐ dā fer dēac dia muinter-som d.¤ , 2904 . adcomaing cach fer dīb biur n-indam-sa, adcomchusa a mbiur-sa tria cechtar de -seom d.¤ , 2826 . nicon bia a mbethaid, or seiside. Nicon bia-so d.¤ it bethaid, ol C. then you will not live either, 2771 . ni maith dait, or C., na leigi da marbad . . . Ni maith doibsom d.¤ epert ind uilc frimsa, 2780 . nir lam [Cairend] in mac do gabail cuici . . . ┐ nir lam didu nech do feraib Herenn a breth leis, RC xxiv 190 . In adversative sense, however: dolēicsed dūnad iarsin do M. ┐ ní gegain-side d.¤ nech dībsom, TBC-I¹ 2906 . dorad seirc dia leasmac .i. do Chorc; ro op d.¤ Corc a coimlebaid, Lec. 454c15 . Muineamon mac Cais . . . Is de sin aderar Muineamon .i. main for muinclaib. Maine Mór d.¤ robe a cétainm, Cóir Anm. 10 . Confirming a foregoing statement: dóig lim rombad hē Cethern mac Fintain; ┐ ba fīr sōn d.¤ and this was indeed the case, TBC-LL¹ 2761 . doringelt Cūrūi dōsom nād bīad . . . Dognith d.¤ and he kept his word too, 2967 . bid les . . . in forlāmus ┐ rīgi nĒrenn ōn uair-se amach. Ba fīr ón didu it turned out true too, RC xxiv 202 . an fil ceithern acut? Atát diu I have (indeed), SG 62 . tabraid cáirde na haidche anocht damsa! Dobéram diu, 56 . Common in statement, question, or command to connect with something already expressed or implied: Mait[h] didiu, a Bélchú well now, B., Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . airg d.¤, ol M., conris Síth Lethet go then, Imr. Brain i 53 . cid dia tutchad diu? why then hast thou come? RC xii 74 . cest diu, caidhe mo airrle-si l(u)at? ib.

(d) Often used to denote temporal sequence, then, thereupon: is iarum foruirmed mind nAileillo forsin coirthi. Fōbair-som d.¤ in coirthi, TBC-I¹ 2883 . is iarum conmelt foroib . . . Focheird d.¤ a sciath ina diaid . . . Roiadh in slōg imbi-som iarum, conmelt som d.¤ foraib, 2889 , 2891 . gabaid L. ríge nhErenn . . . Gabaid ríge nAlban iarsin . . . Gabaid d.¤ L. ríge Gall, LL 311b1 ff. rofoildsic Dia dosam sin . . . condubairt sa rann-so d.¤ , RC xxxiii 354 . etha ó hAilill co Ferchess . . . Fóidis d.¤ Ferchis, Fianaig. 38 . fri re Aeda genfius Tibraiti . . . Et cid bīas and d.¤ (iarsin, v.l.)? ol B. and what will follow? ZCP ix 457 .

dínach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dínach or dil.ie/16572

 

adj o,ā (dín?) protecting, protected (?): nipdar dínaig im dolad | in síl roshílaig Neimed , LL 7a20 . niptar dionaid (sic leg.) im doladh, Leb. Gab.(i) 104 (`secure against loss'). luingios leathann laidir luchdmhur dealbhach dīonach, Rel. Celt. ii 319.32 .

díneimed

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adj ( neimed ) unprivileged: daine dineime[d], Laws v 254.22 Comm.

díscaíltech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díscaíltech or dil.ie/16776

 

adj (díscaíled)

(a) scattered, dispersed: garbat discailtig tricha cēt Galian, TBC-LL¹ 544 .

(b) dispersing, dissipating, destructive; n a disperser, destroyer: duine dremun discailteach (of Cain), SR 1912 . Uga De Laci discailtech neimed ┐ cell Erenn, AU 1186 . díosccaoilteach Gall et Gaoidheal do neoch bātar ina aghaidh, Hugh Roe 326 . Muiris mac Gerailt díosccaoilteach Gaoidheal, AFM iii 362 .

(c) in med. tracts that which relaxes, dissolves or disintegrates: leiges disgailtech, 23 F 19, 5ra 33 . nethe tirma discailtecha mar ata finhegra, 24 B 3, 9.22 .

do-dímen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-dímen or dil.ie/17492
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dosdime, do-(f)uidmen, -ben, -tuidmen, dofuibenat, tuidme, tuidmide

v (*to-dí-men-). See GOI § 551 . binds, makes fast, fixes : ó du-ruidmiset (MS du ruidhmisiot) am-ne | Ísu combu thorise, Blathm. 217 , ITS Sub. xxvii § 6.17 . dosdime cinta cen diluth .i. curab ris tuidmes tú hí, re cinta na rodíladh roime, O'Dav. 702 . The usual deut. form do-(f)uidmen, -ben is a back-formation from prot. -tuidmen. fechem frisi a tuidbenar, Laws i 266.10 .i. frisi cinnter, 296.10 Comm. cid focal . . . do-fui[d]ben inna folta sa?, Bürgschaft 18 § 57 . fer dofuidhbenat a mifolta, O'Curry 567 ( H 3.18 283 ) = dofudmenat . . . .i. fer da tabrat a drochfolta fodiubad, 522 (262a) = dofuibenat, 1766 ( 23 P 6, 36 b ). ni tuidhmenar cuir neime . . . nach tuidhme(n) do nuidhmenar is tuaslucadh dho nuasluicter uadh, Laws iv 374.28 Comm. = ni tuidmenat cuir neimed .i. nochon fhastatar, O'D. 1007 (H. 2.15, 15b) ( O'Dav. 1511 ). See Thurn. ZCP xiii 300 , xvi 273-4 . Later as simple vb. 1 tuidmid, q.v.

Vn. tuidme. Part. tuidmide.

fégaid, féc(h)aid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fégaid, féc(h)aid or dil.ie/21449

 

Forms: -g-, f-, féig-, féig, fegar, fegar, fégaid, nofhégha

v also with unlenited -g-, and d- may replace f-, see IGT, Verbs § 93 . 3 pl. pret. do fiachadar, Lib. Flav. i 32va 12 . The stem féig- also occurs (cf. féig, SR 6122 . LU 4123 ). The relation of these forms to O. Ir. do-éccai is obscure. Perhaps there was an O.-Ir. fégaid scrutinizes (cf. féig `keen' ?) which became confused with do-écci. Cf. comfechinn (gl. ut contuerer) Ml. 113b9 . In: nad cuicsedar .i. nad fegar `that it be not taxed or examined ' (gl. uult ... non ... taxari) 0 36a38, the form is apparently pass. pres. ind. of a primary verb. One would expect the subj. Cf. fegar fri ndirie, ZCP xii 402.12 . coic conara fugill fegaiter (v.l. aithfegar) and `die fünf Urteilswege [sind es] die da gemustert (spezifiziert) werden' Cóic Con. § 1 (Thurn. ib. p. 61 , compares the gloss just cited, and continues "das Verb feg- später fēg- bedeutet `mustern, genau betracten, nach sein Qualitäten bestimmen, herausheben'. In den Rechtstexten wird meist das Kompositum aith-feg-, wohl in Anlehnung an das lat. re-censere, gebraucht"). In: co ro fhegur a miad coir for cach (no corresp. clause in the Latin) PH 3962 the meaning may be perceive . See further Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 490 .

I In older lit. generally trans.

(a) looks at, observes, scans , generally implying close attention: fégsu, a L., aní atchiusa, LU 3885 ( SCC 39 ). no fegad eat fo innib a n-uilc, LU 1004 ( ACC 95 Comm. ). fegaitsi i ndignet see what they will do LU 188 . sillis fair ┐ ḟeghaidh a ghnúis, Lat. Lives 103 . roḟegadh gnúis a aidi amail ruithen grene ib. = Lism. L. 3401 (perhaps intrans., the corresp. Lat. is: facies ... quasi globus solis semper videbatur). fégad cech aen ... ná rob dall ... hé = uideat ne sit caecus PH 4665 . tincais A. furri .i. nos-fegand, TBC-LL¹ 780 . tincais fair ... is inund ón ┐ n o fégand, 2128 . fega latt dam in fuil seo examine this wound for me 4311 (fech lat St). fechais F. in fuil, 4312 . fursainter caindeald dūn co fēgum in uisci, RC vi 175.44 . fégfaid in coimdid gnúis do gnúis, PH 4675 . rot-fég (= rod-f.) co fethmech, 1133 . na doíne ... nosfégat fen co fuirechair who observe (examine) themselves 6855 . dā fēgainn mē as mo medōn (: gēbainn) if I regarded myself from within ACL iii 239z . co rofegdais leo ... | in mór immed a chathrach (of spies) SR 4658 . huair rofegsatar in tír, 4669 . O rofeg Noe ar cach leth | in tir, Rawl. 76a37 . Dia fein rom-fēgustar, ZCP viii 214.18 . Fég a dó do M. `Behold two years reigned by M.' Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 8 ( LL 181b26 ). Cf. na coíc ḟonna féig (: scéith), LL 148a19 ( KMMisc. 268 § 36 ). Searches ; examines, studies: feg .i. tuir, ut est fegh Bretha Neimed search O'Dav. 831 . atá loch usci and, fegtar ┐ claiter, LU 177 . fegsat filid Fail ... | fenchas co feig examined Laws i 32.30 . fechthur a cana let their laws be examined i 62.17 . o rofhegh in faidh in nemh, Lism. L. 813 . for cubhas caich léghfas leir | ocus fegfas senadh sir, ZCP vi 268.19 . féach leat Leabhar na hUidhre look at Content. vi 8 . an nēmhann ... dhá bféchtar dhí an fonn na bhfoil if the soil in which it is be searched for it Ó Héodhusa 3.12 .

(b) With abstr. obj. considers, pays heed to, takes into account: a bráthriu, fegaid for ṅglóir (: dēnaid) have regard to your honour SR 3113 . feg lat uaisle na glore !, PH 4102 . feich latt cindus is coir ... 609 (? Cf. 1 fethid). in popul gentlide nár fhég fírinne forcetail, 4593 . fégthar tech Finn ... nach mairionn de | ursa no cleith, Duan. F. i 25.27 . feib na ree fega latt, ACL iii 314 § 23 . féagha a bhfuighe ... d'olc `think of the harm thou shalt suffer' Dán Dé xxxi 40 . féagh féin créd í an chomhairle as fearr lat ..., Desid. 592 . fechaidh bur crodhacht gnáith d'fuaslugud bur companach call to mind Fier. 69 . nír ḟég geiss nó gliaid he heeded not Ériu vii 223.4 . níor ḟéach Brian ceart fán ríghe | acht a buain da flaith fíre, Content. vi 181 . madia feghthar fírinne, ZCP iv 237.20 = Leb. Cert. 236 . féach ar liath dom folt!, Keat. Poems 953 .

(c) tries, proves, tests: an drong as mionca ro fécchadh ┐ rofromhadh, AFM v 1736.17 . go roḟéchsat ... cruas a ccloidhemh ┐ troma a ttuagh ar chloignibh a cceleadh comhlainn, AFM v 1646.7 . cf. no go bhféachaim oruibh ... mo neart, Oss. vi 116.15 = go fechoinn, etc. Duan. F. 78 . do tugadh an léine chuca ... ┐ d'ḟéach E. uime í tried it on Síoghra Dubh § 13 ( GJ 1909, 160 ). f.¤ é le (nech) tries conclusions with (late idiom): feuchfad leat é a nuairsi; dh'fonn na firinne dh'fagháil amach, Luc. Fid. 274.15 . feuchfad fōs leat ē, 278.10 . feuch leam é, 303z ; féuch linn é, 344.13 . f.¤ ... fri compares ... with: dá bhféachtar an t-áireamhso ris na seacht mbliadhnaibh déag ... is follus ... `if this number be taken in connexion with' ... (compared with ?) Keat. ii 463 .

II Intrans.

(a) in lit. sense looks, glances, gazes, keeps a look-out , absol. or with prep. FOR (AR) : fég, a L., dar th'eis look behind thee ! LU 3887 ( SCC 39 ). fegaid, fomnaid ! Ériu iii 143 § 1 . féach id dhiaidh look behind thee TD 38.7 . TSh. 475 . fegaid lib conid mor dliges a honoir, PH 5593 . dercais ┐ fégais C. dar a aiss, CRR 38 . fegait tria tholl na comla confhacatar in dias, Lism. L. 1975 . nír féghusdair ara ais riamh, ZCP viii 552x = ni ró ḟég, etc. TBC-LL¹ 1904 . feg latt for iffern ` beware of ' PH 798 . fegais C. forru, CRR 46 . mairg ḟéagas ar Inis C., TD 11.1 . go raibe an uiredsa do coimet ag C. ara ōghacht nar ḟech ar mnai ... riam, BCC § 411 . an tí fhéachfas ar mhnaoi réna sanntughadh, TSh. 7266 . créad nach féachann tu ar an druing do-ní milleadh? (= quare non respicis) 9514 .

(b) fégaid do looks to, heeds, has regard to, takes into account: ba don riaguil nofhégha (2 s.) Ériu ii 228.8 . ní fhéachann [an bás] do dhuine ... seach aroile is no respecter of persons TSh. 766 . étach lennmaisech ... do na fech logh no cendach ar a ingnaithchi, Aisl. Tond. 112 § 2 = narb ētir luach ... do mhes dó, 137 . mana fechainn d'onoir dom athair had I not regard for the honour due to my father Fier. 120 . do bheanfainn do cheann diot ... muna bfechainn dot ainbfios, Duan. F. ii 250 . do fhéch sibh don chrích-si `thou hast cared for' Studies 1921, 75 . nir fech C. don tuili acht docuaidh tríthe, BCC § 73 . neach ... nar fhéag (: séad) d'antoil na colna, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 12 . ní ḟéachfaid dot ór dána `will not heed' Content. vii 11 . F.¤ RE (LE) : féachfa mé re Mag Uidhir | mo rí G an ngéabhadh lam `I shall look to M. to see if my king ... will accept me' TD 12.3 . ionadh ... da nderna ... dam le neach oile ni feghadh [leg. —abh], ZCP ii 348 . Vn. fégad (fégain, féchain, etc.), q.v.

fid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fid or dil.ie/21999
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fid, fid, fiuth, fedo, feda, feda, feadha, feda, fidu, feda, fedae, fiodh, feadh, fedae, feadha, Feda, Feadhaibh, fidbretha, fidbreth, fidbhrethaibh, buale, fiddromandaib, fidḟaebraib, ḟidliss, fidlestra, fidletrenda, fidlosa, fidnemeda, fidṡlatta

n u, m. (occasionally nasalizing in n.l. : Fid nGabli, LL 159a50 = Dinds. 11 . See Todd Lect. iv 203 ). n s. in fid Wb. 5b42 . d s. fid, Ml. 146a5 . fiuth, Trip. 194.19 . g s. fedo, Thes. ii 46.22 . Sg. 35b12 . feda, 12a5 . 70a12 . 121a1 . ind feda , LU 4768 . feadha, TD 13.2 . n p. feda, Auraic. 952 . a p. fidu, TBC-LL¹ 3791 , 6054 . feda, LL 108b46 . Corm. Bodl. s.v. serb . g p. fedae, O'Mulc. 511 (?). fidh, Auraic. 1199 . fiodh, feadh, TD 21.40 ; 28.35 . Orig. perhaps `a boundary-tree ' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 41 .

(a) a tree (sense in Glosses). arnaib fedaib (gl. pro arbustis) Ml. 146a6 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu et fid aile do esnid and it is their wont to cut a tree and to insert another tree therein 5b42 . clandaid fedha isna muighib corbad caillte `plant trees in the plains that they may be forests' RC ix 16 § 4 . nenaid quasi non fid hi acht lus, Corm. Y 987 . amail timc[h]illes féth fidh, Fianaig. 94.21 . mar nasces féith fidu, TBC-LL¹ 3791 . ná loisc ríg na fed (of `féithlenn') SG 245.15 . risna fedaib fína (fig. of chiefs) RC xiii 74.18 . doire ... do ḟeadhaibh crainnreamhra (i.e. spears) ML 128.29 . direnar fo tairdbe cach feda ... acht ni saeres nemed de (.i. a bheith conad fidh neimhidh e), Laws iv 168.22 ( 170.14 ; cf. fidnemed). defining gen. : caill fedha `a wood of trees ' Laws i 32.14 . crich incoisce bile feada `a district ... marked by an ancient tree' iv 142.19 Comm . fāl fedae (g pl. ?) a tree-hedge O'Mulc. 511 . Passing into sense of tree-trunk, tree regarded as timber : ceithre fedha ... i croich mic Dé ... cedir, cupris, etc. ZCP viii 107.16 . is cuileand in tres fidh roith in carpait holly is one of the three woods used in a chariot-wheel Auraic. 1182 . Of small plants : fidh aigenta, ut est int aitend no in fraoch ┐ rl., Auraic. 2833 . Hence

(b) wood, timber: aicdi dognethi di fiuth [ḟid v.l.] na cailli sin, Trip. 194.19 . co ngaisciuth do ith wooden armour TBC-I¹ 1180 = doíd, LU 5657 (= do ḟid). Of a shaft or pole : feadha spear-shafts ML 132.17 . fonnad fri fonnad, f.¤ fri f.¤ , LU 8705 ( FB 53 ). canna, f.¤ bis il-laim (= walking-stick ?), O'Mulc. 204 . Of a wooden shield : fid fō coitled comḟūaim ṅglaíd, Ériu xx 192 § 2 .

(c) trees (coll.), a wood or grove: distinguished fr. 1 caill : fulacht cacha chaille, cnuas cacha feada, Laws v 482.26 . In Auraic. 1150 ff ., Laws iv 146.18 ff ., trees and shrubs are classified as airig fedha, athaig (aithig) f., fodla f. and lossa f. iter fid ┐ mag, Thes. ii 239.15 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). roselgatar ... in fith resna cairpthib TBC-I¹ 275 (= fid, LU 4769 ). fri tamnad feda for felling trees BB 365b13 ( Dinds. 27 ). imthéigmís ... cach f.¤ ┐ cach fásach, TBC-LL¹ 3531 . i fedaib ┐ fásaigib, 554 . ralotar fón f.¤ ba comnessam dóib, CRR 37 ( LL 176a35 ). ni ḟarcaibset figh na fēr ... gan loscad, RC xliii 110 § 116 . tairthe fiodh TD 21.40 . sleibhte ... ameasg a feadh, 28.35 . As n.l. in pl., Feda the Fews: isna Feadhaibh , AU 1452 . See Hog., Onom.

(d) a letter of the alphabet (each letter being called after a tree) fid ... a airbert .i. a thapairt for v fedhaib fichit inn ogaim, Auraic. 3551 . In this sense sometimes called f.¤ saerda artificial tree: fid saerda .i. f.¤ inn oghaim ┐ f.¤ aicenta f.¤ na caille, Auraic. 397 . Cóic Con. 25.3 . f.¤ .i. fo ead a inde iter saerda ┐ daerda ┐ aiceanta, Lec. Gl. 215 . imord feda .i. Colman quasi comlān transposition of letters BColm. 6.5 . fidh ┐ deach letter and metrical foot Anecd. v 27 n. 21 . fri fidíu [leg. fidu] ┐ deuchu, IT iii 24 § 3 . reim do fidh for fidh (= alliteration ) Auraic. 805 . dūil feda, the name of a treatise (see 3 dúil) : amal duiruirmi [Fenius] isin Duil Feadha Māir, Auraic. 200 . anmand fidh ... amal fogabar isna Duilibh Fedha inn ogaim, 1199 (= isin Duili F., 4311 ). de dúlib feda na for[f]ed, LL 38b7 ( Auraic. 5417 ), title of tract on the Ogham symbols for diphthongs. See 3 dúil. duili sluinnti ┐ duile feda, Laws i 44.20 .

(e) esp. a vowel, distinguished fr. taebomna `consonant' : fedha ┐ taobomna id est uocales et consonantes , Auraic. 2787 . 393 . f.¤ na filidechta ... ┐ an taophomna docuirither reisin bfiodsin, 3565 . f.¤ in anma prosta, 3567 . feda airegda vowels (dist. fr. forfeda `diphthongs') 1341 . 2870 . 199 . IGT, Introd. 4.16 . (Used inaccurately to include diphthongs) na .x. feadha airegdha, Auraic. 427 . Cf. uillind .i. uilli na fil and .i. dā cnāim nō dā fid, Corm. Y 1282 (see uilen and 2 uillenn).

Compds. ¤ár destruction of trees: uentus maximus co ra la fidhar, AU 856 . AFM iii 38.9 . ventus magnus ... condarsgar fidhár mar isnaib caillibh, AU 891 . co nderna f. 1121 . ¤bla boundary marked by a tree or wood: fidhbla, crich son incoisce bile feada, Laws iv 142.19 Comm. ¤breth judgment concerning timber: n p. fidbretha, Laws i 182.1 . O'D. 931 (< H 3.17, 658b ). g p. fidbreth, Laws iv 168.20 . d p. fidbhrethaibh, Irish Texts iv 26 . ¤buale a wooden enclosure or pen: as a faltaigib ┐ a fidbualtib, LL 265a9 ( MU² 391 ). ¤chat `wooden cat' mouse-trap (< ON tréköttr, Marstrander, Bidrag 46 ) : fidhcat, (gl. muscipula) Ir. Gl. 260 . amal charas in luch biad in ḟidchait, PH 7738 . ¤chóem (adj.) : slega ... fidcaimi with beautiful shafts Cog. 160.26 . ¤chrann wooden shaft; pair of large wooden dividers or reaping tool ( Peritia xv 314, EIF 501 ): ní bhoí rinn ... for gaib ... acht a mbeith mar ḟidhchrannaibh `wooden bars' Cóir Anm. 268 . dias f. Laws iv 310.12 ( Críth G. 178 `a pair of wooden shears', see note), cf. MacNeill, Law of status 291 .

¤chúach

drinking-vessel (the first element may originally have been mid mead) Celtica x 144-45 : mo[i]r beolu fidchōich, TBC-I¹ 395 ; 'as big as the mouth of a wooden drinking-vessel' Celtica x 144 = midchúaich, LU 4882 . samla beolo fidchuaich indara súil do, RC xiv 404.5 .

f. ┐ cú lomna leu, LL 251b44 ( TBFr. 26 ). ZCP iv 44. 32 ; 'a wooden vessel (for water or mead ?)' Celtica x 145-46 . Cf. dias oicfended, otē findliatha ┐ fidcuach cechtar de is mo, TBC-I¹ 2815 ; 'two grey-haired warriors, each carrying a wooden vessel on his back' (reading for muin cech ai) Celtica x 145 .

¤druimm a wooded hill or ridge: oc imt[h]echt ind ḟiddromma, LU 3768 ( SCC 34 ). d p. fiddromandaib, TTebe 696 . ¤fáebar : d p. fidḟaebraib, TBC-LL¹ 2328 (context obscure). Hence adj. ¤fáebrach : fraech ... f. deg-arm, MR 224.14 (epithet prob. refers to the spears of a phalanx.) ¤fogal plunder of woods or timber: Fea fri fidḟogail Fáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 198.3 . ¤gerrtha shaft-slashed: gur bho blogha ... fíodhghearrtha na feadha (of spear-shafts) ML 132.16 . ¤glennach belonging to a wooded valley: epithet of a bull , Metr. Dinds. iii 372.72 . ¤less: g s. Eochaid fírén ḟidliss `of the woodbuilt keep' Metr. Dinds. iv 44.14 ( v 141 ). re mac rígh fega fidhlis, Acall. 1195 (fedha findlis v.l., sic leg.? Stokes). dar Fé cusna fidlessaib (= Mag fea? Cf. ¤fogal) LL 48a22 ( SG 373.13 ). a bhferunn Fhiachach fidhlis, RC xliii 32 § 31 . ¤lestar a wooden vessel: pl. fidlestra, Laws v 406.18 . ¤lethrenn a wooden clog attached to foot of an animal to prevent it from straying: pl. ro scuirit a n-eich ... ┐ ro cuirit a fidletrenda fosta fuithib, Acall. 2803 n . ¤luss tree-herb, shrub: pl. fidlosa BB 309a19 ( Auraic. 5493 - 6 ) = losa feda, see (c) above. ¤nemed a tree which grows on the land of the nemed-person, a sacred tree ( Bechbretha 108-9 ); a sacred wood or grove , but also a tree or grove on church land ( CMCS viii 50 ): acht inni ṡoeras de sin a bheith conad fidh neimhidh e, uair nocon fo aignedh craind ita in [dire] aind side acht fo aigned graid inti iga m[b]ind 'but its being the tree of a sacred person is what increases it, for the penalty there does not depend on the nature of the tree, but on the nature of the rank of the person who owns it' Bechbretha 58 § 15 n. c . racossecrad ... fidneimed do Ióib ┐ a delb in dea isind ḟidnemiud, LL 227a20 ( TTr. 732 ). fidhnemhedh coisrectha dona déibh, CCath. 1768 . fidnemead (.i. fid cilli), Laws v 474.7 ( 476.3 ). dire in fidnemid i 162z Comm . Ard Macha do loscadh eter tigib ┐ dam líag ┐ cloictheach ┐ fidhnemidh, RC xviii 350.12 (Tig.). tene ... do ghabail Aird Macha cona farcaibh dertach ... na fidnemedh ann cen loscadh, AU 995 . pl. fidnemeda na Greci, TTebe 288 . is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . Fig. fidhnemed do tṡlegaib urardu re ṅguaillib (of a band of warriors), Acall. 4418 . See neimed . ¤rath, lit. `wood-stock' (legal term): se rath file la Feine ... luathrath. f., etc., O'Curry 878 (< H 3.18, 393b ). fiadrath [leg. fidrath ?]. .i. rath erner hi fid do loingsech, O'Curry 879 (< H 3.18, 394a ) (cf. rath caille .i. rath do loingsech bis a caill, O'Curry 875 < H 3.18, 392b ). ¤slat a wooden rod, wand: pl. fidṡlatta findchuill, TBC-LL¹ 1433 . ¤úall? fid-úal (: gúal) `pride of timber' Metr. Dinds. iv 148.36 . ( ¤uall, fiodhghual v.l.).

Freq. used to form proper names, see Hail Brigit p. 23 n. 20 ; for stable compds. see below (fidbocc, fidchell, etc.).

inntida ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inntida ? or dil.ie/28842

 

ind berid neimed leth inntidha .i. leth innudh ┐ in aithgin uile, O'Curry 661 (< H 3.18, p. 323 ).

3 Macha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 Macha or dil.ie/31194
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Forms: Machai, Macha, Mache

f.: g s. Ardd Machae, The Patrician Texts in the Book of Armagh 116.10 . Mache (: sathe), Fél. 126.20 . ad s. Machi, PTBA 116.13 , 122.29 . In n.l., the plain surrounding Emain Macha and Ard Macha, used elliptically for both.

(a) = Ard Macha (so called from Macha wife of Neimed, Dinds. 94 , Keat. i p. 176 ). Latinized Machia, Ardm. 15b1 ( Trip. 330.22 , Thes. ii 269.22 ). céin bess M.¤ fo thoraibh as long as Armagh shall be under princes, Trip. 154.8 , cf. 480.20 (see K. Meyer, RC xxxiii 95 ). a d s. ro bennach P. . . . in Machai , 236.13 , cf. 174.21 , 226.5 . don Machai, 228.4 . do Mache, Hy. ii 45 , 49 . fail and á fiacail Patraic assin Macha búadaig báin, LL 370b25 = as Ard Macha máil, Arch. Hib. iv 205 § 9. g s. rí Macha , Keat. ii 1860 (poem).

(b) = Emain Macha, the royal seat of king Conchobar m. Nessa ; the name is ascribed in one legend to M. wife of Cruinniuc (Crunnchu, Cruinn), see Windisch, K. Sächs. Gesell. Ber. 1884 p. 366 (from Harl. 5280), YBL 211b40 , ZCP xii 252 ; in another to m.¤ Mongruad daughter of the High-king Aed Ruad, see LL 20a46 fg. ( MacCarthy 182 n.6), Keat. ii p. 152 ; both legends are told of Ard Macha in Dinds. 94 ( RC xvi 45 ). rí Macha (i.e. Conchobar), CRR 22. rí milis Macha, MacCarthy 166 § 5. Prob. also in Líath Macha, the name of Cuchulainn's steed, TBC-LL¹ 4715. g. Léith Mache , 514 .

malartach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. malartach or dil.ie/31467

 

Forms: -aig, -acha, mhalartach

adj o, ā,

I In Mid. Ir. baneful, destructive; used freq. in association with marbthach. slog . . . marbthach malurtach do démnaib, PH 8104. Murcadh in marbtha malartaigh ar mór-Donnchad `author of the heinous death inflicted on D.', Caithr. Thoirdh. 64.37 . Common in descriptions of Hell (in pl. the form -aig appears instead of -acha): i nglennaib . . . malartaig ichtaraig ifirn, FA 30 LB. hi tégdais . . . marbthach m.¤ , PH 8298. i clusálaib . . . marbthaig malartaig íchtair ifirnd, 8246 ; cf. BNnÉ 99.6 ; Lism. L. 3642. In passive sense ruined? gur bhó m.¤ millte mughaighthe . . . in Cúigedh ` unsettled ', Ériu viii 134.31 (= II?).

As subst., a spoiler, destructive person: Uga De Laci . . . m.¤ ┐ discailtech neimed ┐ cell Erend, AU ii 208.6 (cf. AFM iii 70. 10 ). mughaightheoir na meirlech ┐ na malartach, 272.12 . in malortach, ZCP x 47 § 20.

II In Mod.Ir. subject to change; variable; fickle: culaidheacha malairteacha éduigh changeable suits of apparel, Isaiah iii 22. do bheartaibh an tsaoghail mhalartaigh, Ó Bruad. iii 126. v s f. a mhalartach fickle one, Keat. Poems 1384.

neim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neim or dil.ie/33028
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: neime, neimi, nime, nim, neim, neime, neim

n n. and f. in O.Ir. of heteroclite decl.: g s. ind neime , Sg. 112a1 . n p. neimi, 139b6 . As d-st. (?): cnuicc nemed malignant boils, Goid. 172.23 . In Mid.Ir. and later treated as fem.; often with g s. nime, hence n s. nim.

(a) poison, venom: neim, Corm. Y 991. fí .i. nim, O'Mulc. 597. nem nathrach, gl. venenum, Ml. 33d10 . gl. virus, Sg. 112a1 ; aconitum, 139b6 . tuccad neim doib i llinn, Thes. ii 323.14 ( Hy. iv pref. ). Crist dom imdegail . . . ar neim, 357.11 ( Hy. vii 59 ). deog neimhe, Laws i 2.16 . do dail na neime . . . ar Art, Ériu iii 170.3 . urchar . . . do shaigit nemi `a poisoned arrow', PH 7642. ar comarthuibh na neimhe symptoms of poisoning, Rosa Angl. 134.20 . pl. cruth cen cheill . . . is neime i n-ōrlestar, ZCP vi 267 § 2. co nemib ┐ epthaib, LL 120a12 . Of animal venom: de neim inna nathrach, Fél. Ep. 480 (see nathair). tri neme nathrach, TBC-LL¹ 5539 St. (fig. of three warriors). tria neim na dracon, PH 339. co tard beach a neim for mo lethrosc-sa stung one of my eyes, FDG 255.

(b) in fig. sense, bane, malefic power: es de boi inn nem sin fuirri (of Balor's eye), RC xii 100 § 133. sleg co mbricht neme vii 292.35 . cithnélla neme, TBC-I¹ 1950 , cf. co tuitet nemhe niuil truim, O'Dav. 1281. neim ar cach ḟir díb, TBC-LL¹ 2922 (description of the `clann Calatín'). bidba troch co tromneim, Metr. Dinds. iii 172.66 . tech . . . robo lór do neim, ib. 326.38 . neim ar th'urchur ┐ neim fort féin a bane on thy cast and on thyself, TBC-LL¹ 1187. (in cheville) marbais, mór ind neim, | a mbúar uile, Metr. Dinds. iv 64.87 , cf. LL 299a35 . ? g s. as attrib.: is neime do iurnn . . . .i. as neimnech do neoch in t-iarunn baneful, O'Dav. 1135. co ndeachaid neimh an troisccthi for Diarmait `the virus of the fasting went against D.', BNnÉ 89 § 189 . Of snow accompanied by severe cold ( Celtica iii 262 ): sneachta neime do chur oidhche fhéli Sanct Nicolás `poisonous snow', ALC i 370.3 = snechta na neme, Ann. Conn. 1245 § 10. Cf. [snechta] na nemi, AB 1179 (quoted AU ii 197 n. 8 ). Cf. neimh fhúaire na hoidhcheise, Studies x 417 § 1 . gach cuan go cconfadh neimhe 'each sea is in deadly tumult' Féil. Mhic Néill 174 § 43 .

Virulence, keenness, penetrating force , often in favourable sense; freq. in g s. as attrib. ar neim ┐ ar nert ┐ ar nidhachus, Fianaig. 68.30 (qualities of a warrior). a righ L. is lerdha nimh !, MR 214.3 . Nechtain cosin neim, LL 11a48 = gus an neimh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 182.3 . lám co neim, LL 154a18 . betit curaid arna raind | fa neim claidib Con Culaind, TBC-LL¹ 795. fon crúisig neme, 1286 (of Conchobar's spear). ilcleasa neme, 3932 St. céim neime, Ériu v 223.63 . crithir do neimh na tenedh sin, RC xxiv 381.23 . cú neimhe, ZCP ii 344.7 . Of feelings: re neim fergi an dúileman, RC xxiv 378.34 . adéura [Críosd] lán do neimh ┐ d'fheirg, Parrth. Anma 476.11 . Sharpness, bitterness, causticity: érnais cen neim (of St. Brigit), Hy. v 7 , glossed .i. cen imdergad without (causing) a blush, Thes. ii 328.21 (cf. Stowe Gl. 259 ). uath nime for tengthaib na filed, O'Mulc. 830c . la neim laidhe (of a satire), ACL iii 295 § 27. begán glóir do budh mór neimh (i.e. quiet but incisive words), ZCP viii 223.6 . sanas nemhe na námod, Ériu iv 212.12 . amhail adubhairt Fionn sin, | ro gabsam náire tré neimh (i.e. his words stung us to shame), Duan. F. i 31 y .

Compds. ¤dénmach o, ā. poison-making (Lat. veneficus): trí druíd nemdenmacha `poison-giving' (? maleficent), Trip. 138.27 (neimd. v.l.). ? ¤mod: nemmod la saoruib . . . in mod dogniat tria a neim .i. tria a mbeim (i.e. force, intensity?), O'Mulc. 830 h (fanciful etym. of word neimed ). ¤tenga `poison-tongue'; an evil-tongued person, a slanderer: nipsa nemthenga mo chrích, LU 9335. A standing epithet of Bricriu: Bricriu noithech neimtheṅga, ZCP viii 218.11 . la Bricrind Nemthenga, FB 1. do Bricriu Nemthenga, IT ii1 173.9 .

neimed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimed or dil.ie/33032
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: nemthe, nemid, nemhid, -nemiud, nemid, nemthiu, neimthiu, neimed, senneimedh, Nemed, nemed, nemedh, nemed, Nemed, Nimeth

n o, m. orig. s, n.? occas. treated as neut. in law texts; the gender is m. when denoting a person or animal (male or female) and n. when denoting an abstract notion (e.g. 'sacredness' or 'privelege') or a place, Bechbretha 107-8 , ZCP xlv 100 , but see CMCS viii 48 . cf. coa nemthe nert, LU 3480 (g s.? `to the protection of the shrine', ZCP xv 188 § 15 ). g s. ind nemid , Trip. 240.19 = in nemhid , ib. 4 . d s. -nemiud, LL 227a20 . n p. nemid, Laws v 14.12 . a p. nemthiu, LU 9786. neimthiu, Laws i 260.17 . neimed (o, m.), IGT Dec. § 11. 20 .

I The orig. sense is prob. that of a consecrated place, = Gaulish νεμητον (cf. Αὐγουστο-νέμετον Ptolemy's name for mod. Clermont Ferrand; see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 37 , RC xxiii 138 ), which prob. represents an indigenous word used of sacred groves; cf. de sacris silvarum quas nimidas vocant , Du Cange s.v. nimida (< Conc. Liptini A.D. 743 ), which seems to represent an orig. fem. It is sometimes not possible to distinguish the sense 'sacred place, sanctuary' from 'privilege', Bechbretha 107 . In Irish lit. a sanctuary : nemed gl. sacellum '(small) sacred place' Sg. 13 b 1 . atnaig tar fót crúach i n-ardnemed dia díte, di-eim ar díantólae slúaig 'he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanctuary for his protection, which protects [him] from the swift tide of a [hostile] throng' Críth G. 53 . nemed gl. asilum 'a place of refuge' Ériu lv 9 ; in early Christian lit. prob. a small chapel or oratory (or else the spot on which such stood), freq. in connexion with `cell'. conid Dún a sen-nemed, LU 754 (of Downpatrick, the burial-place of Colum Cille) = RC xx 178 § 44 (`senior church') = senneimedh, BCC § 374 ; perh. for sén-n.¤ auspicious holy spot, i.e. the place of his resurrection. ní ra cráid chill nā nemed, RC xiii 84 § 98 ( LL 303b39 ). nemed cille no duin, Laws iv 214.4 (glossed .i. in releg cemetery, ib. 24 ; cf. LU 754 above ). neimhedh naemainglech (of Cluain Cesáin), Acall. 500. neimedh Sináin, ZCP x 12 § 7 (seems = tempall S., ib.). can comarci . . . do cill no do nemead, Cog. 152.3 . ro cumdaigedh leis ceallaca dhais Erenn ┐ a neimhedha, 138.21 . nior fhagbhadar Lochlannaigh naomh nó neimheadh no ceall uasal . . . gan argain, Ériu i 80.12 . Content. vi 196. cin chadus do chill nā do nemedaib, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 16. ? nipsa cell cin chlocc . . . nipsa haí cin imditin, nipsa neimeth cin imfochaidh, Anecd. ii 60.5 ; cf. nemeadh cin imfochaid (sign of degenerate times), ZCP ix 168.22 .

pn Prob. in this sense in place-names: Nemed, Trip. 240.19 (place where there was a ` neimed '). a Nemud slebe Fúait, TBC-LL¹ 5355 = o nemiud, TBC-I¹ 3298. i nNemiud, Metr. Dinds. iv 166.55 (also in Sliab Fuait). Cf. termond na fían . . . im rēid airthir Nemid nāir, LU 4148.

II Secondary meanings, arising prob. from the immunities or honour attached to a consecrated spot.

(a) sacredness ; privileges or insignia (belonging to a profession, rank, etc.), status, dignity: nemeth .i. nem iath .i. i n-as dír d'eclais, Corm. Y 962. nemaith .i. a n-as dir d'ogaib, 963 ( = nemáith, Corm. p. 31 ). nemuath .i. a n-as dir d'filedaib, 964 : all three exx. are etym. glosses on ` neimed ' acc. to its various applications; similarly O'Mulc. 830 fg. (There may have been a techn. term nemiath; cf. Anecd. ii 74 y : crodh neich nat ba neoit nim [nem v.l.] iath, from a judgement pronounced by `filid' and `brethemain' = the property of a person who is not niggardly towards the Church?.) ro ordaigset fir Herend a nemthiu and sin .i. cloc ┐ salm do eclais. Gēill do rigaib. Trefoclae techtae do filedaib. Aithgabáil do fennethaib, LU 9786 = RC vi 165.9 , Trip. 564.33 (`privileges' in both places). cia nemed as uaisle fil i talmain? Nemed n-ecalsa. Cia nemed is uaisliu fil a n-ecluis? Nemed n-espuic: is e espuc as uaisliu dibside easbuc ecalsa [sic leg.] Petair, H 3.18, p. 17a ( O'Curry 46 ). Colum ar chennsa . . . fri neimhedh eccalsa ┐ ealadhan, 2296.26 .

Possibly in this sense in chevilles: for nem noebda niab nemed , SR 7135 (g p.? or n s. in sense I?). naemda nemedh , Anecd. i 61 § 93. mét nemed , Ériu iv 106.6 . acht ní sóeras nemed de 'except that which sacredness increases of it' Bechbretha 58 .

(b) closely connected with preceding sense, and not always to be distinguished from it, is that of a person (or class of persons) possessing legal status or privileges ; acc. to MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status 273 n. 1 , a generic term for every person having the franchise of the Féini (but the word seems to be sometimes employed collectively of an entire class); used with much latitude of application, somet. (chiefly in the compd. uasaln.¤ ) of the highest dignitaries, king, bishop, head of the `filid', somet. (esp. in the Uraicecht Becc in Laws v , a late text) of handicraftsmen or master-workers; see ZCP xv 262 - 3 and cf. Corm. Y 962 - 964 quoted above. atat do [ = dá] neimhid do-cuisin for talmuin, saeirnemead ┐ daerneimeadh. Ite saer-nemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine. Daerneimead imorro, aes gacha dāna olchena. Is aire ada daernemead aes cacha dāna, fobith is do shaernemthib fognait. Acht i[s] saer cid cach creanus a suiri dia dán, Laws v 14.1 fg. ; i.e. the free `neimid' comprised churchmen, rulers, `filid' and `féini', the subject `neimid' handicraftsmen, but the latter could purchase franchise by their art. ni tuath gin tri saorneimthibh samaigter, eclais, flaith, file, Eg. 88 f. 20b ( O'Curry 2272 ). admestar díre cōir cach graid do ṡoernemthib ┐ doernemthib, ZCP xi 95 § 52 ; cf. dire .i. di-errethe do nimt[h]ib ara n-uaisligitaid, Corm. Y 417 = nemthib, Corm. p. 15 (i.e. `díre' is not paid by `neimid' on account of their rank). gúala nemid filed `the coffer of a privileged poet', Triads 255 . mórad nemed `exalting privileged persons', Tec. Corm. § 1.16 . nā ben ra cellaib nemid !, LL 141 m. sup. nib dulta duit da thig | ar enech noím no nemid, LB 277a12 . a chombrāithre naom ┐ neimhedh his brother saints and churchmen (?), Anecd. iii 2.4 . cach dán a nemed, ACL iii 226 ( Aib. Cuigni 14 ; expld. `to every art its practiser', ZCP xvii 49 , but perh. = a). neimheadh gach dán da ndernta, Metr. Gl. 28 § 43 (where n. seems equated with the handicraft, etc. itself), cf. neimheadh .i. gach dán no gach ealadha, O'Cl. There is a distinction between nemed Dé 'a person privileged from God' (i.e. a cleric) and nemed duini 'a person privileged from man' (i.e. a king, poet etc.), Bechbretha § 39 (notes) .

A law-tract freq. alluded to was the Bretha Neimed , which contained among other things rulings of the `filid' on technical points and was included in the curriculum of the `cana' or poet of the fourth year; see IT iii 36 § 18 (Bretha Nemídh) and Auraic. 1298. isna Brethaib Nemed, Corm. Y 142 , 143 = Nemid, Corm. p. 7.

(c) a halidom; any valued article (property, etc.)? consuitter fir ┐ dliged imaille for neimiudh truth (proof) and right are founded on ` neimed ', Laws v 8.14 ; by Thurneysen, Cóic Con. p. 12 , transld. Heiligtum and expld. as someth. sacred; from the sequel it appears that the ` neimed ' for judgements of the church was the Scripture, for those of the `fili' rules of law (roscada) and for those of the `flaith' rules, maxims or precedents and testimonies. Cf. O'Dav. 1175 : lam fo nemiath .i. . . . lam fora mindib. nach nemedh do gait `the stealing of an article of little value' (? of great value), Laws iii 394.13 . in cintach in neim-neime do gabail de riana nimhe, a neimhe riana ferunn, H 3.17 c. 132 ( O'D. 160 ), i.e. non-` neimed ' property was to be confiscated before ` neimed ' property, the latter before land. Of cattle : ro suidiged son la Feine hi comdire fria huasalneimthiu cethra, Laws iv 198 z , cf. 200.3 , 19 . ni gaibhtiur nimhe cethra i n-athgabail, H 3.17 c. 131 ( O'D. 159 ). nemeth bó, O'Mulc. 830 e .

(d) in special sense of landed property, any land owned by a nemed-person, esp. glebe-land: neimheadh .i. neamhiath .i. talamh as dlightheach d'eaglais, O'Cl. teampall . . . do forbhadh lasan epscop . . . ┐ neimheadh .i. talamh ecclusda do órdughadh dhó `glebe-land', AFM ii 1082.21 . ? nir dhíon ar an ccaptin . . . neimhedh naoimh nā filed, fiodh nā foithirghlend, v 1788.12 (transld. `sanctuary'). fer médaigthe neimhedh eccailsi ┐ ealadhan who augmented the property of church and science, vi 1908.8 (tr. `an exalter of sanctuaries'). ro croithset neimheadh an naoimh ┐ an innsi uile `glebe-land', Hugh Roe 92.2 (f. 24b) , of Tory Isl. blessed by Colum C. gan indradh no orgain neimheadh eccailsi ná eladhan, 190 z (f. 51a) . ? screpul gach teineadh cin tart | do neimeadh coicidh Connacht, Lism. L. 4780 (tr. `the chapel').

pn Nemed occurs as name of the leader of the Fir Bolg in the Book of Invasions = Nimeth, Gildas Hist. Brit. § 13 ( ZCP x 155 ); also N.¤ mac Sraibchind, see LL 129b14 . Possibly the same word as the above, see Van Hamel, ZCP x 183.

néimed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. néimed or dil.ie/33033
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: neimhedh

n o, m. dirt, filth, slops? ambor co némiud, RC x 216.34 = ammor co nnemid, ib. 38 . i lloc nemid no otraigh, Laud 610 f. 22b (Plummer MS. notes). neimhedh .i. ainm don uile salchar, O'Cl. neimhedh `dirt, filth', O'R. ? néimid ┐ úrad ┐ únach ┐ folcad 'scavenging, mending, bathing, and washing the head', Leb. Cert.² 1621 . cís ... is duibnéimid (do nemead, v.l.), Leb. Cert.² 1677 . See néimidecht.

neimedach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimedach or dil.ie/33034

 

Forms: nimidech

adj o, ā. (nem) also nimidech, secure of heaven, elect: is nemedach gach aen . . . ic dol fria bás, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10 n. cipe gebus m'imund hi llou a etsechta corub nemidach, LB 28b61 . bidhit neimed ach , thou shalt gain heaven, BNnÉ 93 § 204 . bát nimidech, ZCP iii 210.12 = LU 9633. ni ba nimhidh[ech] nā talmanda intí millfeas ar n-aentaidh, Lism. L. 4282 . nimedach, RC xxiii 430.5 .

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