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do-glen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-glen or dil.ie/17740

Forms: toglenamon

v (*to-glen-) clings, cleaves, adheres to: unde dicitur isna Brethaib Nemeth: d.¤ gil tengaid, Corm. Y 676 . ní toighlen bá don iarraid `no profit from the fosterage fee clings (to her)', O'Dav. 279 = ní d.¤ , Laws ii 164.8 Comm. na toglen somaine collna set, ii 336.6 .i. noco deglenand ni don flaith do shomaine a set, 11 Comm. co na toiglen ni a fiacla as oc a gleith `that no part of (the earth) sticks to their teeth while grazing', iv 96.19 . na toiglean dris na droigean . . . na homan a moing . . . that no briar, etc. sticks in its mane, 276.10 Comm. Hence pursues: atfiadhat febh doglenta `they relate how they had been pursued', Hugh Roe 100.20 . Vn. toglenamon. See ? dofoglen.

1 lacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lacht or dil.ie/29264
Last Revised: 2019

n m., g s. -a (see Ériu xiii 161 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 228 ). IGT Decl. § 95 milk, partic. cow's milk: linpaite 'na ngablaib . . . / 'sé l.¤ rodasurmaid `that is the milk that filled them', Metr. Dinds. iii 220.48 . comet lachta .i. ferrn . . . ar is i coimetas in l.¤ . . . is di doniter lestair imon l.¤ (of letter f in Wood Ogam), Auraic. 5622 - 3 . Glend Táil . . . ar a mét ro thálsat na h-alma a loim ┐ a l.¤ and do ḟeraib hE. ( a l.¤ ┐ a loim ┐ a lemlacht, St.), TBC-LL¹ 1592 . do l.¤ na vii mbó, IT iii 197.7 . rotomlacht cen lúag al-l.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 166.31 . itir l.¤ ┐ gnimraidh ┐ colainn, Laws ii 66.18 . līnsat Éirinn gan anadh / do l.¤ ┐ do lind-taradh, ML² 57 . do beredh da trian fora lachtaib ┐ fora mbleognaib, D IV 2, 53 rb43 . nemeth bó .i. nem suth .i. suth l.¤ ar is ō l.¤ atā nemtenc[h]us do cethra . . . issed nos-nemtigenn al-l.¤a carnae , O'Mulc. 830e, k . níor lia bó is l.¤ ga líonadh, DDána 113.21 . do réabadh i n-éinḟeacht do ghrán, do l.¤ (of Ireland), Hackett xv 11. l . ag buin ni ḟuil gan trághadh, Keat. Poems 508. teist na báistighe . . . nó an lachta, 699 . Cf. a bo do ni demad certa / cen bad leo a lachta (ló lachta, v.l.), Anecd. i 47 § 5. With descriptive gen. of cow's milk: do l.¤ búair, Metr. Dinds. iii 218.27 . do l.¤ bo oendatha, Dinds. 46 ( LL 22404 ). l.¤ bó, O'R. Poems 160 . ar mbreith lachta na loilgech / mar rugsat leo l.¤ in chruidh, Ériu iv 224.2 - 3 . Of human milk: gur hoileadh leat-sa ar l.¤ do chíoch nglan, Keat. Poems 1523. In phrases: laigh a coimetecht lachta sucklings, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 31 n . in cein bit a coimitecht lachta, O'Curry 671 ( H 3.18, 328b ). aimser lachta milking season: in uair is aimsir lachta ┐ nach aimsir gnimha, Laws iii 150.21 Comm . bo fri blicht .i. i n-aimsir lachta isin tsamradh, i 126.19 Comm .

Of other animals' milk: leth pinginn ar l.¤ caerach, . . . pinginn co triun pinginne ar l.¤ in gabair, O'Curry 345 - 6 ( H 3.18, 191 ). būaid dī all.¤ a lloe (of sheep), Ériu vii 6.26 . do thaladh an eilit a l.¤ aran ccloich, BNnÉ 164.29 . feisi cen l.¤ (sows), O'Dav. 1026 = gan lachta, Auraic. 4543 . amhuil nach fághthar l.¤ ná lomradh ón muic, Párl. na mB. 3148 .

Of (intoxicating) drink: gan trághadh lachta ag teacht san ól soin, O'Rah. xv 88. Cf. gan lanna gan lachtas (leg. lacht a's?) línéadach, Ó Bruad. iii 14 § 5.

Of blood: ibait fíaich lúgbairt l.¤ , LU 4669 ( TBC-I¹ 204 ).

Compds. With nouns. ¤chrodh: lán dod lachtchrodh, milch herd, DDána 114.41 . ní háil leis lón lachtchruidh, Magauran 3542 . With 2 genas: lachtgenus tuinigthi `lactiferous udder' (lit. steady milk-production?), MR 100.16 . ¤mag in n. loc. Dál Caiss Leithet Lactmaige, LL 322c27 . Cf. lactmuad, Sc.M² 22a n. (for tlachtmūad, text).

With adjj. ¤milis: sruth l. of sweet milk, RC xxvi 136.12 . ¤trom: l. dúibh an bioth, a Bhriaín `the land flows with milk', Magauran 354 .

neimed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimed or dil.ie/33032
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: nemthe, nemid, nemhid, -nemiud, nemid, nemthiu, neimthiu, neimed, senneimedh, Nemed, nemed, nemedh, nemed, Nemed, Nimeth

n o, m. orig. s, n.? occas. treated as neut. in law texts; the gender is m. when denoting a person or animal (male or female) and n. when denoting an abstract notion (e.g. 'sacredness' or 'privelege') or a place, Bechbretha 107-8 , ZCP xlv 100 , but see CMCS viii 48 . cf. coa nemthe nert, LU 3480 (g s.? `to the protection of the shrine', ZCP xv 188 § 15 ). g s. ind nemid , Trip. 240.19 = in nemhid , ib. 4 . d s. -nemiud, LL 227a20 . n p. nemid, Laws v 14.12 . a p. nemthiu, LU 9786. neimthiu, Laws i 260.17 . neimed (o, m.), IGT Dec. § 11. 20 .

I The orig. sense is prob. that of a consecrated place, = Gaulish νεμητον (cf. Αὐγουστο-νέμετον Ptolemy's name for mod. Clermont Ferrand; see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 37 , RC xxiii 138 ), which prob. represents an indigenous word used of sacred groves; cf. de sacris silvarum quas nimidas vocant , Du Cange s.v. nimida (< Conc. Liptini A.D. 743 ), which seems to represent an orig. fem. It is sometimes not possible to distinguish the sense 'sacred place, sanctuary' from 'privilege', Bechbretha 107 . In Irish lit. a sanctuary : nemed gl. sacellum '(small) sacred place' Sg. 13 b 1 . atnaig tar fót crúach i n-ardnemed dia díte, di-eim ar díantólae slúaig 'he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanctuary for his protection, which protects [him] from the swift tide of a [hostile] throng' Críth G. 53 . nemed gl. asilum 'a place of refuge' Ériu lv 9 ; in early Christian lit. prob. a small chapel or oratory (or else the spot on which such stood), freq. in connexion with `cell'. conid Dún a sen-nemed, LU 754 (of Downpatrick, the burial-place of Colum Cille) = RC xx 178 § 44 (`senior church') = senneimedh, BCC § 374 ; perh. for sén-n.¤ auspicious holy spot, i.e. the place of his resurrection. ní ra cráid chill nā nemed, RC xiii 84 § 98 ( LL 303b39 ). nemed cille no duin, Laws iv 214.4 (glossed .i. in releg cemetery, ib. 24 ; cf. LU 754 above ). neimhedh naemainglech (of Cluain Cesáin), Acall. 500. neimedh Sináin, ZCP x 12 § 7 (seems = tempall S., ib.). can comarci . . . do cill no do nemead, Cog. 152.3 . ro cumdaigedh leis ceallaca dhais Erenn ┐ a neimhedha, 138.21 . nior fhagbhadar Lochlannaigh naomh nó neimheadh no ceall uasal . . . gan argain, Ériu i 80.12 . Content. vi 196. cin chadus do chill nā do nemedaib, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 16. ? nipsa cell cin chlocc . . . nipsa haí cin imditin, nipsa neimeth cin imfochaidh, Anecd. ii 60.5 ; cf. nemeadh cin imfochaid (sign of degenerate times), ZCP ix 168.22 .

pn Prob. in this sense in place-names: Nemed, Trip. 240.19 (place where there was a `neimed'). a Nemud slebe Fúait, TBC-LL¹ 5355 = o nemiud, TBC-I¹ 3298. i nNemiud, Metr. Dinds. iv 166.55 (also in Sliab Fuait). Cf. termond na fían . . . im rēid airthir Nemid nāir, LU 4148.

II Secondary meanings, arising prob. from the immunities or honour attached to a consecrated spot.

(a) sacredness ; privileges or insignia (belonging to a profession, rank, etc.), status, dignity: nemeth .i. nem iath .i. i n-as dír d'eclais, Corm. Y 962. nemaith .i. a n-as dir d'ogaib, 963 ( = nemáith, Corm. p. 31 ). nemuath .i. a n-as dir d'filedaib, 964 : all three exx. are etym. glosses on `neimed' acc. to its various applications; similarly O'Mulc. 830 fg. (There may have been a techn. term nemiath; cf. Anecd. ii 74 y : crodh neich nat ba neoit nim [nem v.l.] iath, from a judgement pronounced by `filid' and `brethemain' = the property of a person who is not niggardly towards the Church?.) ro ordaigset fir Herend a nemthiu and sin .i. cloc ┐ salm do eclais. Gēill do rigaib. Trefoclae techtae do filedaib. Aithgabáil do fennethaib, LU 9786 = RC vi 165.9 , Trip. 564.33 (`privileges' in both places). cia nemed as uaisle fil i talmain? Nemed n-ecalsa. Cia nemed is uaisliu fil a n-ecluis? Nemed n-espuic: is e espuc as uaisliu dibside easbuc ecalsa [sic leg.] Petair, H 3.18, p. 17a ( O'Curry 46 ). Colum ar chennsa . . . fri neimhedh eccalsa ┐ ealadhan, 2296.26 .

Possibly in this sense in chevilles: for nem noebda niab nemed , SR 7135 (g p.? or n s. in sense I?). naemda nemedh , Anecd. i 61 § 93. mét nemed , Ériu iv 106.6 . acht ní sóeras nemed de 'except that which sacredness increases of it' Bechbretha 58 .

(b) closely connected with preceding sense, and not always to be distinguished from it, is that of a person (or class of persons) possessing legal status or privileges ; acc. to MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status 273 n. 1 , a generic term for every person having the franchise of the Féini (but the word seems to be sometimes employed collectively of an entire class); used with much latitude of application, somet. (chiefly in the compd. uasaln.¤ ) of the highest dignitaries, king, bishop, head of the `filid', somet. (esp. in the Uraicecht Becc in Laws v , a late text) of handicraftsmen or master-workers; see ZCP xv 262 - 3 and cf. Corm. Y 962 - 964 quoted above. atat do [ = dá] neimhid do-cuisin for talmuin, saeirnemead ┐ daerneimeadh. Ite saer-nemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine. Daerneimead imorro, aes gacha dāna olchena. Is aire ada daernemead aes cacha dāna, fobith is do shaernemthib fognait. Acht i[s] saer cid cach creanus a suiri dia dán, Laws v 14.1 fg. ; i.e. the free `neimid' comprised churchmen, rulers, `filid' and `féini', the subject `neimid' handicraftsmen, but the latter could purchase franchise by their art. ni tuath gin tri saorneimthibh samaigter, eclais, flaith, file, Eg. 88 f. 20b ( O'Curry 2272 ). admestar díre cōir cach graid do ṡoernemthib ┐ doernemthib, ZCP xi 95 § 52 ; cf. dire .i. di-errethe do nimt[h]ib ara n-uaisligitaid, Corm. Y 417 = nemthib, Corm. p. 15 (i.e. `díre' is not paid by `neimid' on account of their rank). gúala nemid filed `the coffer of a privileged poet', Triads 255 . mórad nemed `exalting privileged persons', Tec. Corm. § 1.16 . nā ben ra cellaib nemid !, LL 141 m. sup. nib dulta duit da thig | ar enech noím no nemid, LB 277a12 . a chombrāithre naom ┐ neimhedh his brother saints and churchmen (?), Anecd. iii 2.4 . cach dán a nemed, ACL iii 226 ( Aib. Cuigni 14 ; expld. `to every art its practiser', ZCP xvii 49 , but perh. = a). neimheadh gach dán da ndernta, Metr. Gl. 28 § 43 (where n. seems equated with the handicraft, etc. itself), cf. neimheadh .i. gach dán no gach ealadha, O'Cl. There is a distinction between nemed Dé 'a person privileged from God' (i.e. a cleric) and nemed duini 'a person privileged from man' (i.e. a king, poet etc.), Bechbretha § 39 (notes) .

A law-tract freq. alluded to was the Bretha Neimed, which contained among other things rulings of the `filid' on technical points and was included in the curriculum of the `cana' or poet of the fourth year; see IT iii 36 § 18 (Bretha Nemídh) and Auraic. 1298. isna Brethaib Nemed, Corm. Y 142 , 143 = Nemid, Corm. p. 7.

(c) a halidom; any valued article (property, etc.)? consuitter fir ┐ dliged imaille for neimiudh truth (proof) and right are founded on `neimed', Laws v 8.14 ; by Thurneysen, Cóic Con. p. 12 , transld. Heiligtum and expld. as someth. sacred; from the sequel it appears that the `neimed' for judgements of the church was the Scripture, for those of the `fili' rules of law (roscada) and for those of the `flaith' rules, maxims or precedents and testimonies. Cf. O'Dav. 1175 : lam fo nemiath .i. . . . lam fora mindib. nach nemedh do gait `the stealing of an article of little value' (? of great value), Laws iii 394.13 . in cintach in neim-neime do gabail de riana nimhe, a neimhe riana ferunn, H 3.17 c. 132 ( O'D. 160 ), i.e. non-`neimed' property was to be confiscated before `neimed' property, the latter before land. Of cattle : ro suidiged son la Feine hi comdire fria huasalneimthiu cethra, Laws iv 198 z , cf. 200.3 , 19 . ni gaibhtiur nimhe cethra i n-athgabail, H 3.17 c. 131 ( O'D. 159 ). nemeth bó, O'Mulc. 830 e .

(d) in special sense of landed property, any land owned by a nemed-person, esp. glebe-land: neimheadh .i. neamhiath .i. talamh as dlightheach d'eaglais, O'Cl. teampall . . . do forbhadh lasan epscop . . . ┐ neimheadh .i. talamh ecclusda do órdughadh dhó `glebe-land', AFM ii 1082.21 . ? nir dhíon ar an ccaptin . . . neimhedh naoimh nā filed, fiodh nā foithirghlend, v 1788.12 (transld. `sanctuary'). fer médaigthe neimhedh eccailsi ┐ ealadhan who augmented the property of church and science, vi 1908.8 (tr. `an exalter of sanctuaries'). ro croithset neimheadh an naoimh ┐ an innsi uile `glebe-land', Hugh Roe 92.2 (f. 24b) , of Tory Isl. blessed by Colum C. gan indradh no orgain neimheadh eccailsi ná eladhan, 190 z (f. 51a) . ? screpul gach teineadh cin tart | do neimeadh coicidh Connacht, Lism. L. 4780 (tr. `the chapel').

pn Nemed occurs as name of the leader of the Fir Bolg in the Book of Invasions = Nimeth, Gildas Hist. Brit. § 13 ( ZCP x 155 ); also N.¤ mac Sraibchind, see LL 129b14 . Possibly the same word as the above, see Van Hamel, ZCP x 183.

? nimb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? nimb or dil.ie/33182

n a drop (? cloud): nimb .i. braon, ab eo quod est nimbus, unde dicitur isna Brethaib Nemeth: Ro loisceth a leth fo nimib nim, Corm. Y 971 = fo nimb `under a cloud of venom', O'Dav. 1284 (with gl.: nimb .i. nell no braen). nim .i. bráon, O'Cl. (cf. Leb. Gab.(i) i 64 n. 2 ). nim cruinne . . . .i. bráon do dhrucht, ib. Cf. 4 nin.

1 saer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 saer or dil.ie/35899
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: soer, soiraib, sóer, soiriu, soer, saer, sóermug, sóirmug

adj o, ā, Freq. as subst. Perh. disyllabic in Blathm. 629, cf. 37 .

(a) free; freeman (opp. to mug, daer). In O.Ir. usually glossing Lat. liber: soer, Ml. 47d3 . soiraib, 24a7b . sóer, Sg. 97b2 . Adv. int soer gl. libere, Ml. 31b18 . int soir, 95c6 . Compar. soiriu gl. liberior, Ml. 132b5 . in soer gl. ingenuum, Sg. 97b3 . neach saer gl. liber, Ir. Gl. 379 . saer, gl. libertus, 409 . ban-shaer (sic MS.), gl. libertabus, 292 . cenutad suír though ye are free, Wb. 4a10 (see Ériu v 112 ). eter sóir et dóir eter mug et coimdid, 27c15 . soer in cimid, ba huasal in mog-sa .i. Ísu, PH 3303 . bé sóir cech inbaid | lam' nóib, Hy. iv 8 (`I shall be safe', Thes. ii 326 ). With follg. prep. s.¤ ar, for independent (of), not bound (by): is s.¤ e ar a cinaid he is free from responsibility for damage done by them (of cows), Laws v 154.15 Comm . i[s] s.¤ iat ar cinaid a mbid `exempt from the liability of (supplying) food', iii 112.18 Comm . Cf. is s.¤ doib gan athgabail dibh im chinaid n-inblegain `free from being distrained for the liability of a kinsman', v 96.15 Comm . nách s.¤ lucht estechta in athimraid for in comarli-si that those who listen to the slander are not exempt from this injunction, PH 7689 . cia an ríogh-phort . . . | do bhí saor ar rígh Éireann independent of, Content. vi 53 . s.¤ ó free from: cúigeadh saor ód ríoghraidh thuaidh, Content. v 68 . ann sin bhías tusa sáor óm' mhionnuibhsi `clear from this my oath', Gen. xxiv 8 . ná bíodh súil . . . ré dhol saor uaidh to escape from it (i.e. death), TSh. 1050 . bid suír Irmumu ō togai[l] cipē rí bes hi Caisiul di chlaind Ōengusa, ZCP viii 315.27 . toil shaor `free-will', Donlevy 210.23 .

(b) free, enfranchised , hence in Laws of an enfranchised person possessing legal status and a corresponding lóg-enech or eneclann; for various classes of whom see the Uraicecht Becc, Laws v 1 ff . See also below under compds. saor ┐ daor, Laws i 40.11 , glossed saor .i. grad flatha, 42.2 Comm . Such `free' classes might be subdivided into those of higher and lower status, e.g. the class ` nemeth ' (person of free status) included saer- and daer-nemeth : atat do neimid docuisin for talmain .i. saeirnemead ┐ daerneimead. Ite saernemead filead (= filet) and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine. Daerneimead imorro aes gacha dana olchena, Laws v 14.1ff. A `daer-' person might become `saer' by virtue of property or calling and vice versa a `saer-' might forfeit his status: i[s] saer cid cach creanus a suiri dia dan, v 14.28 , with comm.: is saer in cach cen[daig]us dan do da saerad no cendaigis saeiri do dun dan bis aige, amail ata gaba, 14.29 , i.e. who attains status by acquiring or practising a craft. saer cach o mainib, daer cach o mbelaib, v 18.12 , i.e. a man was s.¤ in virtue of his possession but might become `daer' by contracting as daercheile under a lord. The distinction may orig. have been racial, certain ruling tribes being s.¤, the inferior ones `daer'. tri cenela saera randsat in indsi so, Laws i 78.12 . itir na saerchlannaib .i. Ulaidh ┐ Feni Temrach ┐ Erna Dedaid; no Ulaidh ┐ Gaileoin ┐ Erna, 80.2 Comm . See also Celtic Ireland p. 58 .

(c) hence of belonging to upper or privileged classes, noble, orig. of birth or status, then in wider sense of the word: saor .i. uasal, O'Cl. is sóir a n-apstalact gl. qui sunt nubiles (= nobiles) in apostolís, Wb. 7b13 . Compar. is sairiu doib fognam dona ballaib ailib `it is nobler for them', Wb. 12b2 . is soiriu indate idail `nobler', Ml. 138c4 . dindí . . . nad soiriu cach, Sg. 161b10 . cid airechdu ┐ cid soiriu á c[h]enél, Ml. 115d8 . ateoch in ríg sóer suthain, Hy. vi 25 . cona chléir shóir shrúamaig, Fél. Dec. 7 . sab sóer suidi Phetair, Apr. 12 . co ṅardrígaib sóeraib, Ep. 286 . móethoclaech sáer sonairt, LU 3455 ( SCC 23 ). co saer-Nin, MacCarthy 316 § 6 . na seisc ind alaid ┐ na s.¤ na braiti what is free-born (noble) of the captive women, TBC-LL¹ 1754 = inas s.¤ na broidi, v.l. (H. 2.17) = (superl.) ambad soírem na mban, LU 5607 = TBC-I¹ 1127 (sāiream). Síol Mu-áin . . . | saoire ná síol cruithneachta, DDána 71.21 . As subst. gonaid sóeru | saigid oirgniu, LU 3389 ( SCC 17 ). fadarc súla sáir, TBC-LL¹ 4075 . mairc do dichenn an s.¤ seng, Irish Texts ii 12 § 18 . mor s.¤ ┐ ndaer, Stair Erc. 442 . do bhí saoir fá a stíoróip gentlemen, persons of position , Keat. Poems 923 . Adv. saor do-roighneadh duine dhíod, Aithd. D. 70.15 .

(d) of things: tír sorcha sáer, LU 3741 ( SCC 34 ). imdenam súla saire, LU 3820 ( SCC 37 ). fíon saor, Aithd. D. 65.5 . biadha saora sochaithmhe, PCT 224 . isna secht n-eladhnaibh . . . saera in the seven liberal arts, Stair Erc. 970 .

(e) free, ready, skilled (in performing someth.): nitat soír huili oc tintuúth a bélru `all are not skilled', Wb. 12b23 . Cf. sóer gl. diligens (interpres), Ml. 145c12 . sáer oc suidigud sillab, Sg. 7b11 (`an artist', Thes.). See 2 saer.

(f) in Class. Mod.Ir. easily obtained, gratis : saor a-bhos bláth na faighthe, DDána 7.6 . íoc a chneadh más é do b'ál | ní dhíol mé ar a meas go saor, Aithd. D. 86.9 . saor an snaidhm fa dheireadh dhó ibh easily loosed, DDána 34.18 .

Compds.

(a) with legal terms (see also under second element): ¤bard: na saer-baird, Laws v 388.13 Comm . ocht soerbaird ┐ ocht ndóerbaird, IT iii 5.6 . ¤bothach, Laws ii 288.24 Comm . Cóic Con. 76 - 7 . ¤chéile: is sóirchele do dia gl. libertus, Wb. 10a23 . a saerceili ┐ a daerceili, Laws i 40.27 Comm . a sóerchéli, Críth G. 323 . See Críth G. p. 107 , Ir. Recht 19 , Stud. Hib. xxxiv 25-26 etc. ¤chenél: itir saercenelaib ┐ daercenel, Laws iii 30.4 . ¤chorach capable of contracting independently: cach sochonn sóer-chorach, Contract Law 158 § 27 . ¤chúairt: saorcuairt Uladh do thabhairt d'Fhergus `the free circuit of Ulster', ITS v 190.2 . ? ¤ḟairgse: mada feallasdar saerfairgse (sic leg.?), Laws v 442.20 . ¤ḟlaith: cor ceile tsaor-fhlatha, Laws v 356.6 . ¤ḟuidir, Laws v 262.16 Comm . saer-fuidir fri re ndeisi, 512.11 Comm . See Cóic Con. 76 - 7 , Ir. Recht 75 f . ¤gíall: daérghialla . . . sáerghialla, Cóir Anm. 144 . ¤gíallna(e): techta saer-giallna, Laws v 358.2 . ¤manach: gidh s. gidh daermanach, Ir. Recht 26.12 . cethraimthe (sic leg.) a chodach (sic leg.) o sh. eagalsa d'eaglais, Laws iv 196.26 Comm . ¤mug: sóermug gl. libertus, Sg. 37a4 . sóirmug gl. libertus, Wb. 10a23 . ¤murchuirthe: saer murchure, Laws v 184.12 Comm . ¤nemed: saeir-nemead ┐ daer-neimeadh, Laws v 14.1 . ¤rath: céili coímthechta[e] lais i sóerrathaib ríg, Críth G. 406 (see p. 107 ). cain saerraith `law relating to free tenants', Laws i 40.22 . gin daorrath . . . gin saorrath do gabhail o flaith budéin, O'D. 571 ( H 3.17 , 442 ). do flaith tsaerraith, 515 ( 418 ). saorraith .i. cin giallna fria laimh . . ., ZCP xvi 211.8 . ¤thellach: tocombachtuib sealb saerteallaigh, Laws iv 2.1 . Note also: an tsaoir-breith `absolution', Donlevy 292.x . saoir-bhreitheamhnas, 15 .

(b) in general sense of free, noble (in poetry often merely for alliteration): ¤blíadain: iar secht saerbliadhnaib, MacCarthy 414 § 2 . ¤búaid: fri saerbuáid sain, SR 7233 . ¤chaindel: sóerchaindlea cech laithi (of persons), Fél. Prol. 288 . ¤chenél: co ndeilb ┐ écosc ┐ sóerchenel noble extraction, LU 3909 ( SCC 42 ). ¤chetul: a sóerchetul ṁbúansa `noble continuous song', Fél. Ep. 158 . ¤chlann noble family : sáorchlann, IGT Decl. § 12 (62.8) . cech sōerchland cinges talmain, Cáin Ad. 26 . menmanna na saerclann `nobles', CCath. 2735 . ? tar na saorchlannadhaibh, DDána 89.16 . Of an individual: oirdeochad duid a ndlighe | riom, a shaorchlann Shúilighe 'I will assign to you what you are entitled to from me, o noble scion of the river Swilly', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12​ . Hua Cerbaill, soerchland Muman, do marbad 'Ua Cerbaill, nobleman of Mumu, was slain', AI 210 (s.a. 1046.4)​ . ¤chlanndacht noble birth : ar a shocenelaige ┐ ar a saerclanndacht tar cach, BCC 56.31 . ¤chnú: trí saorchna a haonchrobhuing (the Trinity), Aithd. D. 58.27 . ¤elada: lucht . . . saerealadhan `philosophers', CCath. 5080 . ¤fher: s. cluiche Fhiann Eirenn, Acall. 6589 . saoirfhear a nobleman, Hackett xliv 35 . ¤macánacht: sóermacanacht Túaithe dé Danann, Acall. 7038 = saer-mhacámdacht `chief command of . . . young men', SG 200.18 . Cf. saormacantacht Éreann `free nobility', ITS v 24.16 . ¤maccaem: trí sáermaccáemi Túathi Dé Danann, MU² 574 . Mac L. . . . sóermaccáem Fhiann Eirenn, Acall. 6585 . ¤rolla noble roll : dá sháimhfhine féin is saerrulla an séimhidhe, L. Cl. A. B. 146.10 . ¤shlóg: fri sretha soerslóg, SR 6986 .

(c) with vnn. (cf. sír-?): ar ghráidh saoirleanta a seanchais `following up impartially (?)', Content. xxix 19 . acht a shaorrádh muin ar mhuin | ní fhuil acht aon-dán agaibh, x 29 . ic á sefnad ┐ ic á saer-shéinm, Acall. 7448 . rodbi slan saertoimilt caich dia railiu (of a married couple separating), Laws ii 388.14 . With part.: mac saerleicthi `emancipated son', Laws i 52.30 Comm . , cf. 90.15 . don mac bis ar fannel(o) o nathair gin a gaire do denam .i. an mac saorleigi, ii 24.6 Comm . See ZCP xv 312 - 13 .

(d) with adjj.: la S. sairdron, SR 802 . la I. saergrinn, 2863 . Freq. with adjj. derived from nouns: ¤brethach of noble judgements : do fhréimh shaoirbhreathaigh Sh., TD 26.18 . ¤chlannda of noble birth : inghen tsaorchlanda (: chaorphlanda), Irish Texts ii 107 § 26 . Nia Corb saorchlannda, TD 32.28 . fan laogh síthe saorchlannda, DDána 80.28 . oighre saer-clannda S., BNnÉ 198.13 . As subst.: saorclanda d'Eoganacht a noble of the E., TFrag. 208.14 . ¤threbraid nobly woven : go slait saoirthreabhraigh sróill nduinn, L. Cl. A. B. 99.171 .

1 suth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 suth or dil.ie/39339
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: soth, suith

n u m. (see GOI § 309 ). Occas. also soth (: loch, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.23 ). g s. suith, Fianaig. 4.3 . IGT Decl. § 72 .

(a) fruit, produce : etrud .i. etar-s.¤ .i. etar madin ┐ fescur. s.¤ .i. torad, O'Mulc. 470 . na sothe .i. ní dofhuisim terra `the products', Sg. 64a14 . as máthir a shotho feissin cach nóen chrann, 65a6 . cunar lans.¤ (gl. occidit in grandine uineas eorum) so that they gave not their full produce, Thes. i 5.14 (leg. cunarbu lánsuth, Thes. ii 415 ). is tre fhír flathemon cach s.¤ sóinmech, ZCP xi 83 § 29 . co ngeiltis a fhér ┐ a s.¤ co lár ┐ co lántalmuin, ZCP v 501.2 (= Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 42.13 ). co na fil . . . s.¤ no torad im-muir na hi tir, PH 4239 . s.¤ nglē (cheville), ML² 146 . s.¤ na talmhan, DDána 74.13 . teas i sín, s.¤ i bhfoghmhar, 99.19 . ? hi teclamar torsuth 'in which produce is gathered' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 134 § 25 (MS.).

(b) offspring, issue, progeny . Of human beings: s.¤ .i. clann, H 2.15A, 182 marg. inf. soth .i. beiriotas, O'Cl. úair ná tarmaltad a s.¤ , LU 4281 . dar cend trín a sotha sláin `in return for a third part of all their progeny', Metr. Dinds. iv 20.19 . is de asbertha na Fothaig friu .i. fotha-suith iat, ar isí cétchlann ruc Fuinche iat do Macnia `a foundation of offspring', Fianaig. 4.3 = tri Fothaid .i. tri fosuith .i. sotha maithi iad . . . .i. fotha sotha iad, BB 254b42 . cétgeine cacha sotha ┐ primgene cacha cloinde `of every issue', Dinds. 85 ( RC xvi 35 ). cuingidh a rīgh raith | go sídh is go s.¤ | rīgan fhēta fhial `for peace and offspring', KMMisc. 276.1 .

Of animals: amal donemat eoin a suthu `as birds protect their young', Ml. 39c22 . érsná súthaib `after the offsprings' gl. depost fetantes, Thes. i 5.33 . ri rosfaillsig . . . | fo lígdath fri didnad s.¤ | fri crínad, fri hurugud (of herbs) for the comfort of creatures, SR 7283 . luidset in soth co sír-blad | cosin loch dia lán-dídnad, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.23 (of pigs). robatar treoit caerach co ndath oir for a n-[o]laind ┐ for a sutaibh lambs, BB 413a14 . intan aipgiges a sotha ina bruinn, CCath. 4143 . s.¤ a chruidh ní théid na theach, IGT Decl. ex. 1559 .

(c) milk (mostly in glossaries): uth .i. ōn tṡ.¤ .i. ōn loimm asberar, Corm. Y 1283 . `glinne' sut[h] co sir-buaine, glossed .i. lacht, Metr. Gl. 3.19 . s.¤ .i. lacht, O'Curry 1488 ( H 3.18, 663 ). nemeth bó .i. nem-s.¤ .i. s.¤ lacht. ar is ō lacht atā nemtenc[h]us do cethra, ut dicitur . . . rocar . . . slēbe in s.¤ , O'Mulc. 830 e . s.¤ .i. lacht, Lec. Gl. 164 . teora ba blechta .i. ba fir a mbeith co s.¤ , Laws i 64.18 Comm . (in gloss on: teora ferba fira, 1 ). bud terc s.¤ na loilghech, ZCP x 50.8 . Note also (or to súg?): batar . . . sochaide . . . i ngallruib examla . . . do'n t-shúth nime ticed do'n draic sin, PH 2491 . o shúth nemi na nathrach, 2509 .