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ad-fét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fét or dil.ie/440

Forms: adfediu, adfiadu, adféidim, adonfedi, adfeit, adfét, adfet, adfiad, adféidend, asidfet, adfiadam, asṅdafiadam, adfēdem, adfiadhamar, adfédid, adfiadat, adfethet, atfetet, as-fiadat, adfiadar, ad-iadar, adfedar, adfiadatar, adfethed, adféded, attafeid, adf, adféta, atchous, at-coïs, atchois, ad-cois, asidchói, ad-cæstar, adfeissed, atcoad, atchosse[d], ad-fias-[s]a, adfias, addéos, addíus, -adius, ad-fiassar-sa, ad-fessar, adfesar, ad-fii, adfí, itfe, adfessam, adfíastar, atfesedh, at fiad, adfíadar, atfiadhamar, adfiadatar, adfétaiter, adfedsat, adfes, ad-fessa, adféta, adchoad, adcuaid, adchuiaid, adcuid, itcuaid, rachuaid, adchuadamar, adcóidemmar, choidemar, adcuademar, atchuamar, adcuadatar, atchúidetar, atchuatettar, atcuatar, atchuas, adcuas, atcóas, adchoas, adcos, hitcós, racuas, rachoas, dofedisiu, dofet, dofeid, dofedat, dos-féta, dochúaid, docuas

v (* ad-fiad-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 518 . GOI p. 520 . See also in(d)-fét). Indic. pres. 1 s. adfediu, LL 662 . adfiadu , CCath. 4518 . adféidim (: Erinn), LL 513 . 2 s. adonfedi, BB 498b35 . 3 s. adfeit, Ml. 111c4 . adfét, 62a6 , 87d1 ; Sg. 18a1 , 103a1 . adfet, Ml. 99d9 . adfiad, SR 2518 . adféidend (: Ērenn), ZCP xiv 178.5 . In rel. clause with inf. pron. asidfet, LU 3626 ( SCC § 31 ). 1 pl. adfiadam, Ml. 14d10 . In rel. clause with inf. pron. asṅdafiadam, 93d14 . adfēdem (: Erenn), LL 6292 . With depon. ending adfiadhamar, CCath. 2263 . 2 pl. adfédid, Snedg. u. Mac R 14.7 . 3 pl. adfiadat, Wb. 28c23 ; Ml. 51d2 . adfethet, Metr. Dinds. iii 410.1 . atfetet, TTr.² 346 . as-fiadat, IT i 137.22 . Pass. sg. adfiadar, Wb. 18c8 ; Ml. 128a15 ; Sg. 74b8 . ad-iadar (rel.), Wb. 27a10 . adfedar, RC xvi 83 § 130 . Pl. adfiadatar, Ml. 23a13 . Indic. impf. 3 s. adfethed, Rawl. 84a20 . adféded, IT i 74.16 . Ipv. 2 s. attafeid, ZCP xiii 372.26 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. adf, H 1.18, 23 b (cited ZCP xviii 318 ). adféta, TBC-LL¹ 1764 (or fut.?); Metr. Dinds. iv 284.5 . With perfective -com-: 1 s. atchous, Tec. Corm. § 2.3 . 2 s. at-coïs (ad-coois, atchois v.l.) Fél. Prol. 182 . ad-cois, Imr. Brain ii 286 (see Celtica v 135 , vi 126 ). 3 s. rel. with inf. pron. asidchói, Metr. Dinds. ii 24.96 . Pass. pl. ad-cæstar, Bürgschaft § 59 . Subj. impf. 3 s. adfeissed, Hail Brigit § 21 . ? atcoad, LU 3323 ( SCC § 11 ). ? atchosse[d], 5616 ( TBC-I¹ 1136 ). Fut. 1 s. ad-fias-[s]a, SR 1785 . adfias, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.21 . addéos, LL 462 . addíus, Lec. 13rb4 . -adius, 11rb47 . With deponent ending ad-fiassar-sa, Anecd. ii 43.5 . ad-fessar, Trip.² 2628 . adfesar, Ériu iv 152 § 33 . 3 s. ad-fii, Imr. Brain 52 . adfí, ii 285.25 . itfe, Laud 610 , fo. 12b (Plummer MS notes). 1 pl. adfessam, LL 1461 . Pass. sg. adfíastar, LU 3514 ( SCC § 28 ). Condit. 3 s. atfesedh, Ériu ii 126 § 81 .

Pret. and perf. (on the pret. forms see GOI 430 ). 3 s. at fiad, Gael. 50, 123 ( Blathm. 73 ). adfíadar, LU 3454 (SC § 23). adfiadar (rel.), 3436 (§ 20). rod fét, TBC-LL¹ 5670 (St.). 1 pl. atfiadhamar, CCath. 2263 . 3 pl. adfiadatar, RC xi 442 § 5 . adfétaiter, MU² 818 . adfedsat, Fl. Earls 118.23 . Pass. sg. adfes, Mon. Tall. 141.5 (§ 34) . Pl. ad-fessa, TBC-I¹ 331 . adféta, TBC-LL¹ 866 . See adbas. With perfective -com- 1 s. adchoad, Arch. Hib. ii 74.68 . 3 s. adcuaid, Wb. 21d11 ; Ml. 65a1 . adchuiaid, Ml. 123d4 . adcuid, Ml. 110c5 ; 126b2 . itcuaid, Alex. 491 . rachuaid, LL 219b19 ( TTr. 182 ). 1 pl. adchuadamar, LU 19 . adcóidemmar, Sg. 43a6 . at choidemar , Gael. 50, 129 ( Blathm. 370 ). adcuademar, Trip.² 3095 . atchuamar, BB 38a15 . 3 pl. adcuadatar, RC iii 346.1 . atchúidetar, Trip.² 634 . atchuatettar, 928 . atcuatar, PH 3775 . Pass. sg. atchuas, IT i 76.12 . adcuas, Cog. 98.3 . atcóas, TBC-I¹ 1162 . adchoas, LL 245b25 . adcos, CS 8.24 . hitcós, Alex. 159 . racuas, TBC-LL¹ 4591 . rachoas, TFrag. 62.8 .

With substitution of prefix do- for ad-: Indic. pres. 2 s. dofedisiu, LB 211b48 ( dofeidiusu, Anecd. v 5.4 .). 3 s. dofet, Lec. 31ra29 . dofeid (.i. aisnéidh), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 1 (cf. do-fed) ( LL 393a52 ). 3 pl. dofedat, Rawl. 69a35 . Subj. 3 s. (or fut.?) dos-féta, TBC-LL¹ 1773 . Perf. 3 s. dochúaid, TBC-LL¹ 5034 . Pass. docuas, CRR § 17 .

For forms apparently due to conflation of ad-fét and do-adbat see do-adbat, and also árfas, ar-fét .

Tells, relates (DI of, DO to): o adcuaid rúin ícce in cheneli dóine, Wb. 21d11 . senchassa rechta adfiadat sáibapstil, 28c23 . a n-adiadar di crist, 27a10 . is ed adfet a legend, Ml. 84d4 . manip ecoir frisin stoir ad-fiadam-ni, 14d10 . adfiadar . . . airechas du thabairt do macc, 128a15 . iarsindí adcuaidsom di neuch, 65a1 . ciasu du duaid adfiadar isin titul though mention is made of David in the title(?), 72d9 . ní etarscarad comsuidigthi file and huare is fo oen (sic leg.) aicciund adfiadar `since it is pronounced under a single accent' (is described as having?), Sg. 74b8 . is airi adfét de `therefore he discourses of it', 18a1 . adfii rúna `he will make known', Imr. Brain 52 . inbat la comorbu cuimne cen ogom i n-ailcib . . . ci ad-caestar, cia for curu sen siastar `when heirs have (only) memories without ogom on stones . . . although these (i.e. their memories) have been proclaimed how shall the contracts of the deceased be enforced? Bürgschaft § 59 (see Ériu xi 155 , xii 207 ). adfiasa duit cen bréc ṁbrais / . . . / féib leir donralad do nim, SR 1785 . ? in breth berar adbia do dia tigh, O'D. 518 ( H 3.17, 420 -1). atdius dāib a n-aicned fīr / in[n]a nder . . . I will tell you the true nature of tears, ZCP vii 299.14 . iarsin gním adchuáid Fergus, LU 4974 (TBC). adfeta don mac sin scéla na maccáem, LL 8308 (TBC. = o'tt-chuala an mac . . . scéla, Stowe 776). ros bīadh mōr do scēlaib atfesedh manus-beth tenga dia rēlad, Ériu ii 126 § 81 . dothiasar fair ma atchosse nech dúib, LU 5616 = ma atchoise, TBC-I¹ 1136 (?read atchoí or atchoised) it will be a subject of conversation if anyone tells it to you(?). o 'tcuas d'feraib Eirenn marbadh na mbeo, Laws i 14.16 . maso amnne adonfedi if it be thus thou relatest to us, BB 498b35 = dofedi, LB 211b48 ( doedi, Alex. 920 ). adfét a aithesc, LL 12698 . adfét dóib uli amal atchonnairc, LU 3332 ( SCC § 12 ). addíusa dúib . . . écta Guill, LL 204a34 . adfias (atcías, v.l.) dúib . . . a senchas, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.1 . mat cias (?read ma'tcúas or ma'tcess, edd.) a maith `if his virtue was reported', Mon. Tall. 141.27 (§ 36) . adcós úaim duib I have told you, CS 8.y . is ann . . . atfiadar lith ┐ sollamain inti noem C. i mi nouimbir `is celebrated', Fen. 6.5 . adfess forru corbo miscais leo a cheile it was told of them(?), SG 51.27 . amail adfedar ar Macgnimarthaib C. as is related in(?) RC xvi 83 § 130 = atfegar, BB 410a29 . eos no adéos .i. sloinnfeadh no inneosad, O'Cl.

ad-rími

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-rími or dil.ie/550

Forms: adrímiu, -airmim, -airmiu, adrimi, -airmi, adrimi, atarimi, atrim[i], adindrími, -áirmi, -ármi, adrimet, atarimet, adrimther, adrimter, adrímter, adrimiter, adrimetar, -ármidhter, -áirimh, adrimtis, atarímtis, -arim, adríme, adrimet, adrimther, -árimther, adrímed, -airmed, -airmitis, adrimfem, adrímfiter, adrímfetar, adrímfinn, atarurmius, adruirim, -arraim, barruim, adruirmisset, a-ta-ruirmiset, adruirmed, aírmithi, áram, áirmid

v (* ad-rím-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 602 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. adrímiu, LU 9323 . -airmim, Sg. 205a2 . -airmiu, Thes. ii 338.2 . 2 s. adrimi siu, Ml. 24b6 . -airmi, LU 10269 . 3 s. adrimi som, Wb. 14d2 ; Ml. 24a13 . atarimi, 111c17 . atrim[i], 49a11 . adindrími, -áirmi, Wb. 13d17 . -ármi, 6a1 . 3 pl. adrimet, Ml. 129d19, 22 . atarimet, Sg. 26b6 . Pass. sg. adrimther, Ml. 46d24 . Thes. ii 246.26 . Pl. adrimter, Ml. 99d9 . adrímter, Sg. 202a5 . adrimiter, Thes. ii 246.28 . adrimetar, Ml. 111a10 . -ármidhter, TTr.² 193 . Ipv. 2 s. -áirimh, Ériu ix 177 § 7 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. adrimtis, Ml. 91a6 . atarímtis, Sg. 188a3 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -arim, Wb. 14d17 . 2 s. adríme, Thes. ii 28.32 . 3 pl. adrimet, Ml. 103b5 . Pass. sg. adrimther, Thes. ii 10.6 . -árimther, Críth G. 2 . Subj. impf. 3 s. adrímed, Ml. 21a4 . Sg. 69a5 . -airmed, Ml. 46b31 . 3 pl. -airmitis, Trip.² 1885 . Fut. 1 pl. adrimfem, Ml. 14d5 . Pass. pl. adrímfiter, Sg. 153b1 . adrímfetar, Thes. ii 229.30 . Condit. 1 s. adrímfinn, Trip.² 2107 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. atarurmius, Hib. Min. 3. 383 . 3 s. adruirim, Ml. 28d5 . -arraim, 49c9 . barruim, TBC-LL¹ 4761 . 3 pl. adruirmisset, Ml. 101b2 . a-ta-ruirmiset, Sg. 188a1 . Pass. sg. adruirmed, Wb. 2d7 . Part. of necess. aírmithi, Wb. 8c13 . See áirmide. Vn. áram. Later as simple vb. áirmid. IGT Verbs § 68 .

I

(a) counts, numbers, computes: amal as ndliged fir bís i n-arim do neuch atarimi `to one that counts them', Ml. 111c17 . ar mad iar n-aicniud adrimther, Thes. ii 10.6 (Bcr).— atairim-si, ol si. Atairimi iarom — count them . . . he counts them, Irish Texts i 3 § 9 . rimfed rind . . . .i. no airmebad rétglanna nime, ACC § 64 ( RC xx 258 ). tuccait . . . a murthréta mucc a fedaib . . . ro rímit ┐ ra hármit, TBC-LL¹ 76 . ada usce nosbera . . . for nim atrímther a laug, LB 228 marg. sup. og iarraid co nairmither fri re `full price of fosterage is reckoned by the time', Laws ii 174.19 . iss é dédenach roarmed it was the last that was numbered, BColm. 92.21 . noco n-airimther ganim mara ni hairemthar ar marbad do macaib ríg, RC xviii 173.12 . co-n-airmestur gainemh mara, RC xxiv 381.4 . do áirmhius noí fichit scíath, ZCP viii 223.1 .

(b) In more general sense of records, recounts, mentions: in gnímai adrimter hi libur iudicum , Ml. 99d9 . nī rurīmiu nī āirmiu / a ndorigēnai ind nóebdūil `I cannot reckon, I count not what the holy creature hath done', Thes. ii 338.2 (Hy. v). co n-árimther inna grá[d] téchtu that he may be reckoned in his proper grade, Críth G. 2 . in tan nach a ngradaib flatha airimter na riga sin, Laws v 24.z Comm. cech martir adrímem, Fél. July 17. Ep. 87 . roairmiustar (roairmestar v.l.) D. douibhsium a n-anmanna, Anecd. ii 55 § 17 . ni roarmide hicond rig Leue no Beniemin it has not been told that L. or B. were with the king, Rawl. 79a7 . atrímead filid na n-G. comtís . . ., Alex. 249 . airem daib seanchassai . . . bar múinntire relate to them, Alex. 191 . ní ruirmiu, ní airémha . . . / a tainic de ancessaib Eireann . . ., AFM ii 600.17 . ni aireomamaid a cogtha, L. Chl. S. § 37 . a ccreacha . . . ni hairimter hi leabraibh, Cog. 38.21 . d'eis ar áirmemar / ar M. in addition to all we have recounted of M., BNnÉ 223.11 . ar áirmhis oruibh d'eachtaibh / do shíol E. `as for the deeds you have told of the race of E.' Content. iv 18 .

(c) takes into account: ni armim-sea ón I take no account of that, TBC-LL¹ 5085 . cona hairmithea bunad eitir `original ownership is not reckoned (i.e. taken into consideration) at all', Laws ii 370.3 Comm. nír airmedar na h-esbada sin o ranic an Maél Flidaise leó they did not count (i.e. they made light of) these losses since they had the M.F., Celt. Rev. iv 206.31 . díanam airmitis-[s]e mu bráthair oc raind a feraind if my brothers should take me into consideration in the dividing of his land, Trip.² 1885 . mad t'árim . . . bail i m-biat dagláich . . . nít ármem itir ┐ nít imradem, TBC-LL¹ 1853 .

(d) counts as, regards as; considers to be: is samlid atrim[i]som in forcomet sin amal bid coscrad dognethe do `it is thus he reckons that protection as though it had been destroyed', Ml. 49a11 . bāeth, buide . . . macne Ailb (nailb v.l.) āirmi (airmighther v.l.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 13 § 1 `thou reckonest the sons of A.,' Ériu xii 201 . ise an Toirrdelbach sin as mó airmhid Conallaig orra do brisedh catha Chnuic an Bodha `it is to this T. that the C. give the most credit on their own side for winning the battle. . .' L. Chl. S. § 56 .

(e) searches out, investigates: adrimisiu gl. rimeris, Ml. 24b6 . adrimi son gl. adpendit examine, 24a13 .

II In idioms with prepp.

(a) ascribes, assigns to (DO): a nadruirmed do Abracham .i. fírinne tri híris `what has been counted unto A. even righteousness through faith', Wb. 2d7 . is secht ṅdana airegda airmither do'n Spirut noem `seven excellent gifts are assigned to the Holy Ghost', PH 8029 . ní armither . . pian . . . dona anmannaib, the souls are not considered to suffer pain LU 2120 ( FA 18 ).

(b) counts as (AR): ni áirmi som ón ar chumscugud `he does not count that as change', Wb. 13d17 . ní nairmi ar bethaid etir `he reckons it not as life at all', Ml. 82a8 . combad ar gair aicnid adrímed in suidiguth `so he would reckon the position for shortness of nature', Sg. 69a5 . as ar chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath `fellow-suffering is counted as a kind of cross', Thes. ii 246.26 . adrímfinn ar nempní i condiulcc in maithiusa tarfas dam, Trip.² 2107 . Hence a.¤ ar x do y counts as x on the part of y: adrimtis-som ar aithissib dunni buith fut recht su `they used to count as reproaches to us', Ml. 91a6 . dorolaig in peccad ┐ ni narraim ar chaire do, 49c9 . fis timnae ndæ . . . is ar sainemli adrimther to neuch rudfinnadar `knowledge of the commandments of God is reckoned as excellence to him that knows it', 46c24 . iss ed sin armither ar adnacul dóib for that is regarded as their burial place, LU 2533 . is ar martrai atrimther dó `it is reckoned to him as martyrdom', Mon. Tall. 146.19 . atait tri cuir tindtai mac beo-athar im a athair nach airmead (= áirmet) liubair na Feine do ar ingaire a tindtog, Laws v 436.23 . ar ní armide ar laechdacht duit-siu comrac frim-sa sund it would not be reckoned as bravery for you, LL 14137 .

(c) considers as, places in the same category as (LA and ETER): participia .i. ataruirmiset la gerind `participles i.e. they have reckoned them with the gerund', Sg. 188a1 . is la noeb scriphinna atarurmius I have included them among the sacred writings, Hib. Min. 3.83 . cid nácham airmisiu . . . lais na trén-firu sin . . . cid dam nachat airmébaind etorro? why dost thou not reckon me among those strong men . . . why should I not reckon thee among them? LU 10269 . uair airemthar do-sum itir deib é da eis `he shall be numbered among the gods', TTebe 2187 . do bhríogh go n-áirmheann an eaglais idir na hoibreachaibh trócaire . . . é, TSh. 5624 . With AR: áirmid eólaig ar mnāib āill[e] a haimsire ī the knowledgable consider her as one of the beautiful women of her time, ML² 485 .

(d) a.¤ x for (ar) y reckons x against y, blames y for x: ba treissi . . . don aithrighe . . . inas dona holcaibh ro áirmittis deamuin form which the devils reckoned up against me, RC xxvi 372.7 . nā hāirimh ar Chorc na cclīar / gē do-bheradh toir is tīar do not blame C., Ériu ix 177 § 7 . oramsa do hairmhedh riamh / a n-dernsabair . . . / daibh fein áirmeocthar anois, Caithr. CC § 60 . With FRI: nicon airmi fri nech cia ba menic thi does not count it against a person, Laws v 76.11 .

ad-tluichethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-tluichethar or dil.ie/585
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: atluchur, atlochur, atlochor, atluchedar, atluachathar, adluigethar, -atlaigethar, atlochomar, atlóch[a]tar, atlaigthe, atlaiged, atligid, atluchfam, atluchestar, atlugestar, atlaigestar, altoighte, attlugud, atlaigid, altaigid

v (* ad-tluch-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 650 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atluchur, Wb. 3b19 . atlochur, LU 9939 . atlochor, 2998 . 3 s. atluchedar, Ml. 128c3 . atluachathar, ZCP iv 242.11 (= atluchatar, Ériu iii 2. y ). adluigethar (MS. atluidethar ), 13 (= atluchetar, ibid. 4.1 ). -atlaigethar, 18 (= atlaighedar, ibid. 6 ). 1 pl. atlochomar, Ériu iii 2.1 . 3 pl. atlóch[a]tar, ZCP iv 241.5 . Ipv. 2 s. atlaigthe, Thes. ii 318.5 (Hy. ii). 3 s. atlaiged, ZCP vii 311 § 8 . 2 pl. atligid, Wb. 27b24 . Fut. 1 pl. atluchfam, Wb. 17a2 . Pret. 3 s. atluchestar, Mon. Tall. 150.17 . atlugestar, LU 10930 . atlaigestar, 10787 . Vbl. of necess. altoighte, O'Gr. Cat. 469.5 . Vn. attlugud.

Later as simple vb. atlaigid, altaigid.

(a) gives thanks (generally with buidi) to (DO): atluchfam buidi do Dia, Wb. 17a2 . atluchedar buidi do Día, Ml. 128c3 . altaigis a buidi do Dia, Ériu ii 186.26 . altaigis buide dia Art, ZCP viii 103.8 . an duine adluigethar buidhi a deghmaine do Dhía, ZCP iv 242.13 . With ellipsis of buidi and accus. of thing for which thanks are returned: atluchur do dia ce rubaid fo pheccad nachibfel, Wb. 3b19 . atlochur do Dia i n-etad / innocht dom ḟeis óenfeccad, LU 9648 . atlochur dom ríg / . . . / bith dom churp co sáim, LU 9939 . atlochur dom chumachtaib ar Conchobar rothascair etc., LL 12983 . ro altuighsium fo Dhia inad a reclésa dh 'foillsiugud dó, Lism. L. 4744 . dlegar duit a flaíth / altaig cech maith dó, KMMisc. 276.4 . ad-lochar don fhlaith rom chum / a ndearnadh d'éigceart orum, Aithd. D. 74.7 . innmhe as altoighte d'fior an estate to be thankful for, O'Gr. Cat. 469.5 . ro chuala nicon ro atlaigestar m'athairse a chuit riam I have heard that my father never gave thanks for his share, LL 279a2 . altaigid a proind, ZCP vii 311 § 8 . caithit tuara ┐ dig, atluiget iar sin, xiii 30.2 . beiridh a bhuidhe ré Dia a theacht / ┐ altaighidh a éisteacht `and be grateful for having heard him', Atlantis iv 148.19 . Folld. by FRI (LA): atlaigim fri Dia ar forclid aile imalle frind ic foillsiugud na noem corp sin, PH 1579 . altaigim mo grassa re Dia I give thanks to God, Fier. 123 . níor altuigheas rem Airdrígh, DDána 46.5 . altuigh an troimthiodhlacadh sa léd thigherna, Mac Aingil 4983 . altaigit ina huile poipleacha la Dia . . . na mōrmīrbaili forcaomnagair `gave thanks to God . . . for the great miracles which had been wrought', Fl. Earls 140.28 .

(b) rejoices at (with accus.): atlaigestár bethaid a brathar he rejoiced that his brother was alive, LU 10787 (TE). atlugestar a céli a ndogéni friss her husband rejoiced at what she had done for him, 10930 . ro attlaigestar E. in scél sin, TTr.² 80 . cech met ro atlaigset ┐ forbailigset crochad Críst, LB 154b8 . roatlaigh a scaradh re hiffern, ZCP iii 33.24 . roatlaigset a naigenta ┐ a nimraiti ar torachtain a forba . . . fen, Ériu viii, 20.3 .

(c) For do-tluichethar: atluidestar comruc friu she gave thanks for having met them , ACL iii 326.8 . Cf. tothluigim .i. altaighim, ut est, tothluigim techt i tegh co righ, O'Dav. 1565 (= tothluighther techt, Ériu xiii 40 ) ( athlochar techt, IT iii 51.6 ).

ainim(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainim(m) or dil.ie/1402
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: anaim(m), ainim, anim, animm, anaim, anim, anmain, anmuin, anme, anmae, animm, anim, anmin, anmain, anmin, anmana, anman, anmanaib, anam, anmain, anman, anmain, hanman, anman, anaim, anum, anuim

n f. Also anaim(m). See GOI 214 . In O. Ir. decl. fluctuates in sg. but is always that of an n-stem in pl. n s. ind ainim , Wb. 3d11 . Ml. 130c9 . anim, Wb. 16a21 . animm, 31b26 . anaim, Ml. 116b9 . a s. anim, Wb. 4a27 . anmain, 30a2 . anmuin, 31b12 . g s. inna anme , Wb. 25c26 . anmae, Fél. Ep. 117 . d s. animm, Wb. 4a27 . anim, 30c3 . anmin, 2c7 . anmain, Fél. Jan. 24 . n p. anmin, Wb. 8b3 . a p. anmana, Wb. 2b5 . g p. anman, Wb. 24d14 . d p. anmanaib, Wb. 24d13 .

Later also anam f. ( d s. and n p. anmain. g s. anman), IGT Decl. § 8 . m. and f. ( d s. and n p. anmain. g s. na hanman , an anman ), § 19.m. (g s. and n p. anaim), § 11 . anum m. (g s. and n p. anuim), § 17 .

(a) soul (as oppd. to corp body): issí ind ainim as airlam do chomalnad recto dé ní in corpp, Wb. 3d11 . corrop nóib for nanim in hómun dǽ, 16a21 . menme, corp, animm, imbráti, gnímæ, 31b26 . eterscértar a coirp et a n-anmin friu, 8b3 . beo a ainm i fos beo a anuaim (.i. a anim) thall `living his name here living his soul there', ACC 99 ( RC xx 274 ). treide na hanma .i. iracibilis ┐ concucibilis ┐ rationabilis , O'Curry 2226 ( Eg. 88 fo. 16(17)c ). in cuingid . . . do gní in ainim ic iarraidh gach raeta `enquiry which the mind makes', Laws i 36.8 Comm. ar tuaslucud anmæ brandaib `to obtain the release of the soul of Brandub', Mon. Tall. 133.29 (§ 18) . forith . . . ind soscele . . . inda hanmanna frisa tocbar `the gospel helps the souls of those towards whom it is lifted up', 162.9 (§ 85) . ainimme na noem gl. corda electorum, LB 67b38 . astoidet anmann inna noeb, Ériu ii 142 § 155 . mairg anmain nā faichledar / breisim lāi brātha brīgaig, iii 30 § 13 . bātar tra demain ┐ aingil ic imchosnum 'mon anum ō dos-carsat frisin corp hē, ACL iii 226.9 . comhrac éinfhir ní háil dí / 's an t-anam gan fhear páirte, Dán Dé xxii 27 . blodh do phéin an anaim, IGT Decl. ex. 720 . mo mhaitheas uile acht mh'ainim / a roinn is edh ordoighim, ex. 902 . gan deghain do ghrádh a ccorp nó a ccaomh-anmann, AFM vi 2172.24 . ar anmain for the sake of the soul of: dia thidnacul ar m'anmain do náemaib (of valuables), LU 9631 . duini is mo dobered d'etach ┐ d'innmus ar a anmain a nErind, RC xvii 407.22 (Tig.). udbuirt ar anmuin, Laws v 212.2 . tir atoiberar (sic leg.) do eclais ar anmuin, 314.17 . In phrase spirut anma see spirut II (a).

(b) life: i céin robói a anim and while he was alive, RC iii 181.34 . slán acht ní eple ainim de, Laws iii 448.y Comm. is é rocosain m'anam (sic MS.) dam `saved my life', ZCP vi 67.17 . roiar Sisian a anum don fomoir `asked him to spare the giant's life', 294.12 . robdar buidhigh do rochtain a n-anmann leó, AFM vi 1926.18 . an rígh do bheir párdún a anma dón bhraighe bhíos damanta, Eochairsg. 78.1 . tabhair ainim im eachaib give life to my horses, SG 26.34 . do cuireadh anum isin pobal (= populum animatum reddebam), ITS xix 28.24 . réod ar ndol a anma as `the frost has yielded its strength', KMMisc. 172 § 24 . nír chaith . . . ní ina raibhe spiorat no anam (i.e. he was a vegetarian), BNnÉ 74 § 133 . co n-anmain having life, alive: sétrad ngarit . . . ní fuil co n-anmain nach molta / romtha a rath there is nobody with a soul who would not be praised (by it), Thurn., Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 74 § 3 . M. . . . / macc a āisse as ḟerr co n-anmain, Bruchst. i 14 § 24 . atraig cach oen co anmain, SR 8250 . ge bé creidis co n-anmaín firmly(?), BB 36a7 . In phr. fo-ácaib cen anmain: goras-fhāgaibh gan anmain hé 'killed him', BDC 262.651 . foceird-sim ... urcur di sleigh fuirri ... corus farcaib cen anmain, RC v 200y . ro ghabsat leit do na ruamaib bátar ina lámaib ina chenn co fargsat cen anmain é, SG i 396.17 . In greeting or benediction: maith, a m'anum, a Chormaic, Acall. 3285 . See also Celtica iii 268 - 9 . tabair, a m'anam, a gilla, in ingin ut, 3330 . maith ám a m'anim, a Chathbad, LL 171a50 . m'anam-sa an bhuidhean nár fríth i gcruadhtan fann, Hackett v 1 . In formula used by vanquished in appealing for quarter: anmain i nanmain .i. anacal `life for life', Ériu xvi 38.1 and p. 41 note 6 . anmain i n-anmain a Chu Chulaind or se, LU 9123 ( FB 87 ). anmain a n-anmain, RC xi 450.123 . In association with enech, see 1 enech, ainech II (a). In sense of living creature, animal: is si a fochreicc anam cach dine no cach mil immidrēt cachala blīa[dain] an animal for every herd (price paid for use of path to drive stock through somebody else's land), Corm. Y 1082 .

In compds. anm-, see separate articles.

airláthar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airláthar or dil.ie/2181

n (láthar) dispensation, disposition, arrangement: tria érlathar ┐ comairli nDé gl. dispensatione superna, tríana erlathar gl. dispensatione spiritus, Rawl. B 512 f. 66c-d . (Plummer MS. notes). in spirut noem dogéna a erlathair, PH 2018 . cubaid sin fri erláthar ┐ fri ruin na screptra, 5738 . fri hirlathair . . . a n-imdechta for arranging, LB 123b28 . gebe manach . . . raghus fri herlathar uaitsi ni baithfidir, Lism. L. 2241 . gur thorrach Muire máthar / go hiodhan don urláthar `by that great power', Aithd. D. 49.12 .

aithḟer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithḟer or dil.ie/2648

n (fer)

(a) second husband: mad aithed and, nír chlunter / cid athḟer cid athmunter, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.228 .

(b) unmanly person, coward: ní ainech athfir in t-ainech forsa n-dechaid, ainech Fergusa, TBC-LL¹ 1933 . secht nóem déac nad athfir, Gorm. Apr. 16 .

1 alacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 alacht or dil.ie/2864
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: alachtae

adj [o, ā] (deriv. of ail-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 32 . Cf. LEIA and Marstrander, Lochlann ii 215 ). Also alachtae io, iā. pregnant: tocht cosin fer i n-imdaí os sí a.¤ , LU 10609 . ciarbo ha.¤ (: malart) ben díb de, Metr. Dinds. ii 28.37 . gur ba a.¤ hi ┐ dorug gein, ZCP vi 273 § 1 . ba torrach in ben ... oc fleith Uithir ba a.¤ `was brought to bed', Hib. Min. 50.10 . ba a.¤ ... Alccamena o Iubiter, Stair Erc. 67 . douc Mane banscál n-alachtai, Trip.² 953 . ro bendach a ṡéitig n-alachtai ┐ a ngein boí inna brú, 1862 . tarraid galar séitgi n-alachta Ailella, 2345 . Muri ... alachta on spirud noem , LB 133b45 . gon ndernsom torchaidhe mé ┐ Eithne alachta diar tustin, LL 386b8 . bean a maic do bheth torrach .i. alacta, BB 205a35 . As subst.: doerchachain dona talmannaib ┐ dona halachtaib ┐ do llessaib inna fer cid no genfitis, Trip.² 949 .

Compd. ? ¤-mar: fil bun huathmuru alachtmaru, ZCP ii 315.18 (perh. deriv. alachtmar). ¤-méith: d'feolaibh agh n-iomtrom n-alaichtmhéith heavy with young(?), Hugh Roe 268.8 (fo. 71a) .

? 1 bail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 1 bail or dil.ie/5180

n place ? See O'Brien, Celtica iv 99 . See Breatnach , Celtica x 167 ff. .: uird na forfed .i. etir b. ┐ baile, LL 5324 ( Auraic. 5423 ).

Introducing a rel. clause

(a) in a situation, condition (which, in which): in b.¤ i mbia in crecht adbol `in a case where', Bretha § 32 n.2 . bīd noem b.¤ nach coem la nech, LB 226 marg. inf. Cf. bal.

(b) (the place) where: cunice b.¤ i rrabatar Ulaid, MU² 314. bal, 845 . cia b.¤ i tá Gerg?, LL 33765. co rísem b.¤ atá in Dond C., TBC-LL¹ 146. roling int ech . . . assa b.¤ robui, TTebe 3499 (asa fail a raiue, v.l.). in bh.¤ is dilis a airem, Laws iv 30.y Comm. dochum nimhe, uail ittá Iosa Críost, BNnÉ 53 § 51. bhail ar sgríobhsad ainm . . ., RSClára f. 97b .

See 1 baile. Cf. (?) 2 fail.

2 baile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 baile or dil.ie/5187

Forms: buile, buile, boile, bhuile

n buile m. and f., IGT Decl. § 1. buile boile f., § 3 (45.1) . vision; frenzy, madness (originally arising out of supernatural revelations): fechair būire, / buile bann `eine Raserei von Taten', Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 29 § 23. Cf. LL 395a15 . hūasal trínóit donfosca / donāch airchenn bás b.¤ , Thes. ii 351.1 (Hy. vi) .i. ar mád sinne . . . is a[irchenn] b[ás] ┐ bai[le] . . ., 24 Comm. bec do mōr molamair / . . . / tria b.¤ barrd, ACL iii 219.z . rob tu mo bhoile, / a Comdi cride `my vision', Ériu ii 89 § 1. rot gab b.¤ is búadre frenzy, TBC-LL¹ 3478. tria metar ┐ b.¤ , Fen. 290.z (= furorem spiritualem). tria b.¤ ┐ faitsine, 284.x . amail ro tingellad i llebraib ┐ i mboilidaib noem , Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . thū do gheall buile Bearcháin, O'R. Poems 568. do bhuile bhaothánta na hóige, TSh. 3849. do bhuile am aghaidh = rage, 2 Kings xix 27 . ? b.¤ for barrḟinn bile, AU i 392.12 (an. 878 ). athmhaoltus, díbhḟearg, cuthach, buile, madness, Eg. Gl. 20. `buili' go deimin drochrun, Metr. Gl. 32 § 6 (baili, v.l.). Lec. Gl. 497. Stowe Gl. 249. Cf. b.¤ bard as a laudatory term, subject or inspiration of poets: balcc-buile (sic leg.) na mbard, IT iii 57 § 108. in breo buadha, b.¤ bard, AFM i 520.11 . Cf. b.¤ bel lí cluaise, O'Dav. 1197. b.¤ .i. maith, ut est digbail dubha b.¤ bel, 224 .

Name of a class of tales: atfiasar-sa duit dona builibh (bailib, v.l.) .i. Buili in Scail, Buili Bricine, . . . Buili Mochuda, Anecd. ii 45.5 , 6 . Baili Cuinn dixit (glossing ticfat tailcind), Trip.² p. 22 n . Fís Cuind .i. B.¤ in Scáil, LL 24992.

Attrib. g s. mad, frenzied: mar mhnaoi bhuile , DDána 16.3 . dhá tharbh buile, Oss. iii 94.15 . lucht buile nó baoithchéille, Eochairsg. 121.3 .

In phr. for (fri) b.¤ mad, frenzied: conid for boile atat, PH 1851. geilt ar buile mé, Keat. Poems 241. ro bui E. . . . re buili, Stair Erc. 2516.

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais, TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais, Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais, PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch. With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig, RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

bethaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bethaigid or dil.ie/5783

Forms: bethugad

v (cf. betha)

(a) quickens, animates: in spirut noem bethaiges na huile anmand, PH 238. betha robeathaighthea, ZCP viii 206.5 . condas-bethaigend so that it (viz. part of a magic club) brings them back to life, MU² 632. beathaighe sin in craidhi ` vivifies ', Rosa Angl. 146.15 . co ro bhethaidhsiot beóghrís a sengomh they revived, AFM vi 2054.1 .

(b) feeds, nourishes; supports: gabur blicht . . . conid edsain ras bethaig, LL 30831 ( TTr. 13 ). sain ní dia fognai cech luib / . . . / ícait, bethaigait, marbait, SR 7280. ni bhethuid bréig `nurses not falsehood', KMMisc. 174.19 . ealta bhadhbh do bheathuighis a flock of scaldcrows you have nourished (i.e. by blood shed in battle), O'R. Poems 101.

In Laws Comm. sustains, supports, confirms (?): toinges . . . ni na bethaiget fiadain . . . toinges goi . . . ┐ ni bethaidhend firinne, Laws v 360.7 , 9 Comm. im in ni na bethaighdais fiadain na senchaidhe, 302.27 Comm.

Vn. bethugad.

bruthnaigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruthnaigidir or dil.ie/7175

Forms: bruthnaigim, bruthnugad

v (1 bruth) is hot, furious; rages; glows, burns: bruthnaigim gl. furo, Sg. 54b7 . feruet .i. cia nudbruthnaigedar (the sea), Ml. 121a15 . ireas na trinóiti insin bruthnaiges innamsa, ACL iii 10.20 ( Trip. 19 ). locharn tened . . . isin deirc, o mbruthnaigit ar medon (= qua ipsi intrinsecus feruent), PH 5862. ro-bruthnaig in milid i n-agaid na biasta, 7239 .

Vn. ro bui rath in Spiruta noem for bruthnugad ann sum, RC xlvi 238.13 .

See bruthaigid.

céite

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céite or dil.ie/8528

n io and ( cend in chede, Folklore iv 480 § 61 , ar fíarláit mhuidhi na céiti, RC xxiv 377 § 13 ; see also rhyming exx. below). See RC xlii 353 § 369 , ZCP ix 296 , O'Don. Suppl. s.v. céideadh.

(a) hill, mound, eminence, open space : céide .i. tulach, céide .i. faithche, O'Cl. i tilchaib 's a cétib, LL 6598 . tecoiscis do cnuicc ┐ céti ┐ tulcha in choicid, 8604 (TBC). tar chéidibh do chnoc, Celtica iv 116 § 9 (= Measgra D. 51.35 ). mor c.¤ is mor carrac cruaid, Acall. 3434 . isin chlaoin ferta nó isin céiti, SG 82.9 . ? Di Méittiu for Cettiu .i. da chnocc i Maig Mogna, LL iii p. 710 n.

(b) Hence of venue of an `óenach', racecourse etc.: céide .i. . . . aonach, O'Cl. ceite . . . aenach nó tete, Stowe Gl. 30 . Carmun céte oenaig ḟéil, Metr. Dinds. iii 2.5 . is céte óenaig agair, 270.9 . cēte a coitu, uel quia ibi equi cito currunt , Corm. Y 224 ( O'Mulc. 214 ). bla ceite rig tulcomracc `a king's race-course', Laws iii 254.17 ( O'Dav. 520 ). co slechtaib ech adchiat cen meath cet[i] ngraifne, Anecd. i 53 § 25 .

With cluiche in active sense racing, sporting, performing deeds (?): cluchi ┐ céti, LU 3224 ( SCC 1 ). buáid n-oenaig ┐ chluiche ┐ cheti, RC xiii 442 § 17 . cluichi ┐ céti ┐ tressa ┐ dībircthi, Fing. R. 5 . Note also: feraidh ifeithibh ceiti (: oc macthete) (`an assembly'), Blathm. 163 . nach bisiu fri cete i fus / nach missi téite ar thuus, SR 2035 .

(c) meeting-place in general: Druim Cetta céte na noem , RC xx 136.18 . céte cét cúan `meeting place of a hundred bands', Metr. Dinds. iv 42.23 . céti tri deccra rostecht `a fair green with three marvels it possessed', 156.1 . ? uas in cetiu .i. oenach na ngénti, LB 145a27 . Donnchadh Fremhann flaith fuata cloithrí Ereann cet céte, AFM i 398.21 .

(d) concourse, assembly : [br]ithemain baird céte cross, Ériu viii 68.39 . D. mac Becci cen bini / slat chéti Lini na llaech, LL 17272 . ro teclumad ceti airthir an betha `concourse', Ériu ii 98 § 3 . fosergitis . . . in tsloigh na cete itir da mag araciund together(?), 100 § 5 .

(e) square, market-place of a city: docum cede na cathrach to the assembly-place', Stair Erc. 146 . ar or na ceidhe `on the edge of the market-place', ZCP vi 35.9 . ar chéide na ríghchathrach, Duan. F. i 89.61 .

(f) In follg. transl. by edd. as road, path ( for chete .i. for conair no for sét, Fél.² clxxix § 20 (3) . céide .i. conair, O'Cl. ): slúag . . . / rerthe úainn for céti (: iar léri) `on the road (to heaven)'. Fél. Dec. 20 . tancatar ass cen imsním / dar cend calaid cech céte (: bréce) `despite the hardships of every path', Metr. Dinds. iii 72.79 . o chete iar lochaibh Eirne `by carriageway', AU i 308.14 (during hard frost).

(g) In phr. c.¤ crech etc. of land which has been laid waste: go raibh críoch Bh. na comar creach ┐ na céide cuarta, ML 80.19 ( ML² 1133 ). Críoch Chonnacht . . . / biaidh sin i n-a chéide creach, DDána 88.37 . fearann ceart chlann R. / do bhíoth ina chéidibh cean, O'R. Poems 1403 . Connachtaigh do beith ina ccedibh creach . . . fo cosaibh Gall, AFM iii 408.4 . baoi an chrioch ina céide creach ┐ caibden, Hugh Roe² 32.7 .

Cirine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Cirine or dil.ie/9208

Forms: Ch[i]rine, Cirini, Chirini

pn io (Lat. Hieronymus, "as if a diminutive of cir ` jet '", GOI 573 ). St. Jerome: Ch[i]rine, Ml. 137b7 . g s. Cirini, 126d4 . Chirini, 103d26 , 124d5 . C.¤ noem , Trip. 428.12 . C.¤ bán Bethil, Fél. Sept. 30 . feib asindfēt C.¤ (sic leg. with MS), ZCP iii 21.6 . adnocul C.¤ , xvii 232.13 . Cirinus noem mac hiosebi, LB 232 marg. inf.

cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon, Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon, DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon, AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum, TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon, 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen, 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach, Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

1 cleth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cleth or dil.ie/9453
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . See Ériu xviii 99 .

(a) tree-trunk, tree : a bun cleithi na crand, BB 497a13 . cleatha ag fás . . . a cnuas `the tree's growth from acorns', Dán Dé ix 26 . an úir . . . / ag brosdadh ar chlúimh na gcleath the foliage of the trees, DDána 106.22 . do sgeach dhonn / cleath chorr do-chíthe ós do chionn (to a hill), Ir. Syll. Poetry 31 § 1 . dá cleathaibh ceannchroma, 70 § 2 . nach faghar éinchleath aimrid, O'R. Poems 3753 . deargcna cleath go caol gcolptha (i.e. the tree bending with the weight of nuts . . . ), O'Hara 4062 . ubla ag fecadh na gcleth gcorr, IGT Decl. ex. 528 . trí haithriocha fhear nEamhna / glainchleatha feadh bhfíneamhna `bright stalks', O'Hara 272 .

(b) house-post, stake, pole : is bēsad na cleithe, is balc oc lār, is caol oc clēithe, Corm. Y 275 . clí .i. cleath, O'Cl. cleath gl. tignus [tignum], Ir. Gl. 485 . guth domadbat trie clethae (: domincrechae, leg. -a: -a), Liad. and Cuir. 18.15 (`through the wattled wall' ? leg. between the posts). sesrech oc tabairt cecha clethi, LU 8059 ( FB 2 ). ro brisiset cleith di clethaib ind rigthige . . . conid sí conar dollotar a mná chucu isin tech, 8371 ( 25 ). in rightheagh . . . ┐ a chleatha . . . do credumae ┐ a cael d'airgid, IT iii 195 § 34 . la tabairt forgoba inna bruinni co mboí isin cleith fris anall (the man pierced by the spear was between the king and the wall), LU 4369 . in cu araig do nomad cleth on dorus, [┐ ni cuaille crin cuachda], Laws iii 412.20 Comm. ar-sesar clithem cletha `the spearman(?) sat by the houseposts', Ériu xix 82 § 6 . cona farcaib cleith no slait no scolb . . . nadicsed as a inad, LB 216a59 . do thighibh bláithe cleath gcorr with tapering posts, Ériu v 58.103 . roga ro-ch.¤ ┐ slemain slatchaolaig, ML² 1065 . co rug Eochaidh a chend leis a teach Theamrach co rochuir for cleith cháerthaind, Metr. Dinds. iv 272.15 . cor chland cleatha ann (as a sign of taking possession), Ériu xvi 66.82 . trī maic B. . . . ciatarochlan[n]sat cletha hi Temuir, ZCP viii 313.18 . sáid in cleith lium ol Ciarán, SG 73.10 . a gcleath do chor i dtalamh, TSh. 6969 . By extension, of a musical instrument (cf. use of crann): ní reich a diomdha ar a dáimh / gidh iomdha dháibh go gcleith gceoil `with their harps', Magauran 3986 (cf. also clíath cíuil s.v. clíath).

c.¤ chengail tie-beam, cross-beam (?). Fig. mar ch.¤ cengail ar in síthcháin `in order to clench such peace', Caithr. Thoirdh. 9.14 . mar chleathaibh ceangail ar an bhfál bhfírinne `as binding wattles, as clinchers', Gloss., TSh. 6714 . cleith cheangail ar charcair an chrábhaidh (of God's grace), 1470 .

(c) spear : in cath . . . / ba cummasc claideb is ch.¤ , LL 29033 . clansat cletha dogra trít, 952 . scarthain risin slóg saer suthain / nachar chlaen re clethaib, SG 353.6 . ac bualad cleithi ar slinden h. Conchobair, Ann. Conn. 1342.3 . mor c.¤ tre choluinn, Fen. 376.20 . fan gcleith nó fan gcloidheamh, DDána 98.21 . laoich ag géarughadh chleath gcaol, O'Hara 2547 .

(d) goad : casaidh cleith ndírigh ndóibsigh / d'óinsigh eich . . . , IGT Decl. ex. 733 . atáid bríathra an eagnuidh amhuil cleatha ┐ amhuil tairngidh ar na ndaingniughadh (`goads'), Eccles. xii 11 .

(e) Fig. warrior, chief : rochuir cath Carmain in ch.¤ / Fiachu Labrain `the chieftain', Metr. Dinds. iii 460.13 . Conoll in cleath nemdaer, 362.82 . a cathmílid . . . ┐ a cléth bága (of Achilles), TTr.² 1621 . da laech . . . da comlaid catha, da cleith ugra, Cog. 56.y . cuailledha trēna Tuathail . . . ┐ cletha cosanta Cuind (of the colamain Temrach), ML² 1363 . a chleath Eamhna, Aithd. D. 37.33 . bláth na gcleath `the choice princes', Content. xxx 37 . Cf. ar cleith mBóinne `the princess of the Bóinn', Aithd. D. 11.22 .

(f) Of hair: a bharr na gcleath gclaon `of flowing locks', Aithd. D. 54.5 . earla fiar na gcleath gceiníl `wavy hair tressed in native fashion', O'Hara 1911 . Cf. a chúl fionn na bhfaichleath gcas, Magauran 2506 .

(g) In phr. cletha cridi(?): crū a cleithib cridhe crūaid, / fuil a feithib . . . , ZCP vii 299.15 .

(h) Of uncertain meaning: o ro gabsat cóir na c.¤ / nocorb allic dóib teched, TFerbe 621 . cruth glacanach / cleath liac lupanach, IT iii 98 § 158 . cleath ag leith dá toigh mo theagh `my house stands as a supporting buttress to her castle', Aithd. D. 1.15 (leg. cleath i gcleith which may have a technical sense? Ed.'s note). muna mbeath [a] each is a ara / do ba [a] leath cleath dala dhóibh, DDána 110.34 (`half of them (his troops) would have been an encumbrance(?) to them', Ir. Monthly 1920, 264 ).

Compds. With noun. clethail chachta (? leg. -aile c.), Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 4 . Con Corb cen nach clethalt (2 alt), ZCP xii 436 § 8 ( LL 4854 ). maith ro cumad in cleathbhaile / sa clochtaighe, IGT Met. Faults § 58 . clethblugaid Ērenn, armach Line, airsid Āi, ZCP iii 466.26 (Baile in Scáil) (= 2 blogaid). da churaid, da chlethbriugaid, TBC-LL¹ 5376 (prob. read -blugaid). cleth caillti . . . do slegaib `forest of spears', MR 224.1 . cona tuighi co clet[h]coilltibh aigh, CCath. 4980 . Art cen chleth-cheird fo chaire `A. whose skill of spear was faultless', Metr. Dinds. iii 368.23 ( LL 20890 ). ¤chlann: Mael Sechnaill . . . de chlethchlaind Chuind Chétchathaig, LL 15931.17240 . cabsaid cach cruach fa cleth-ḟál `wattle hedges', Hy Fiach. 194.3 . a ccleathLuidhne `Luighne of the lances(?)', O'Hara 3065 . ¤orddan see below s.v. cleth-ard. clethcumgugad a cliab-asnaid ag a comdrud i cenn a cheile, MR 256.21 .

With adj. a shluagh Caisil cleathaluind, Caithr. CC 6.16 . ¤ard: Senan . . . c. .i. ar clethordan, LB 241a23 . cleathard .i. clothard no clúard, O'Cl. in Cletiuch dno is clethbuidig catha, ZCP iii 242 § 42 . Druim Cetta clethcháin (: noem g s.), RC xx 140.15 (ACC Comm.). ríoghradh chleathchorcra Chonnacht `red-speared', Studies 1920, 566 § 9 . go Domhnall gcleathchorr gCairbreach, DDána 64.31 . do chionn Cheallachain chleathchuirr, Caithr. CC 25.10 . Conla clethgarg, LL 15056 . BB 47a54 . ón Bhúill chuirmthe chleithghil `overhung with white branches', O'Hara 1775 . do ṡíol chleithleabhar Chonuill `long-speared', TD 7.47 . gu Croit Cualachta clethmhoir, Lism. L. 4764 . fri muintir Crimthaind cleth-núi, Metr. Dinds. iii 164.22 . tri deichnemhair fa sgeimh sgol / na bhḟein chleithremair . . . , LL 394.2 . slóigh cleithreamhra `stout of spear', Aithd. D. 19.13 . co Cathair comsech clethrúad red-speared, LL 25312 . clethruad Cualann `the red shafted hero of Cuala', Ériu xvii 40 § 15 . gilla . . . / catlas i Casiul chlethruad, LL 19427 .

With adj. derived from noun. cona borbsluaghaib cletharmacha coisidhedh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 15.9 . barr cleathmhongach na gclodh lag `with a sheltering mane', TD 2.23 . d'úib comraicmera clethuillecha . . . Cinndergáin, Caithr. Caithr. Thoirdh. 130.22 .

comainmniugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comainmniugud or dil.ie/10623

n [u, m.] (comainm) act of naming together; list of names: rotbia . . . ar c.¤ ar ndis being called by the same name (the devil's promise to the serpent), MacCarthy 50.y = do chomainmnigud rim-sa dogrés, YBL 157b6 . c.¤ nóem Érenn innso, Bruss. MS 5100-4, 209a (cited Meyer Contribb.).

con-feid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-feid or dil.ie/12109

v (feidid): mad cæm-cairptech confedar fris `is brought along with him', BCrólige 58 . ? Mac dé condo ruid a nímrum `Gottes Sohn lenkte ihre Fahrt', Snedg. u. Mac R 10.3 . noem an tén [con]do ruidh classa `leitete', 10.25 . Perh. also: senchas sár confeith in slúag ` confronts ', Metr. Dinds. iv 352.3 = Ériu v 221.2 . confeith .i. conruici ut est confeith F. fri D. `meets with', O'Dav. 430 .

See coibden.

dán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dán or dil.ie/14559
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dáno, dánu, dánou, dána, dáin, dána, dánai, dána, dánta, dánae, dána, dán, dánai, ndán, dán, dánae

n u, m. g s. dáno, dánu, dánou, dána; mod. also dáin. n du. dá dána , LL 99 a 29 . n pl. dánai, dána (both in Wb); mod. also dánta. g pl. dánae, dána and once dán (supported by the metre) SR 7212 . —Dim. dánán ( ZCP x 370 ), q.v.

I A gift, bestowal, endowment, present , translating Lat. donum, donatio and glossed by ascid, tindnacol, tidlaic, bronntanas. dán do thabairt (do thindnacul, do dáil, do ḟodáil) do to bestow upon. Dán in sense I is not found in the Laws; the legal terms for gift are tidnacol, 2 aiscid.

(a) in a material sense. dán .i. tidhnacul, Stowe Gl. 311 . dán airgid .i. maoin no aisgid airgid a gift of silver O'Cl. P. O'C. alali caillech dobert dán ṁbec disi hi rusc who gave her a little present (of fruit) in a basket Lism. L. 326. 14 , cf. Todd Lect. v 75. 7 . na draid tancatar do adrad Críst co ndánaib examla, PH 7113 . nothictis mic Israel co ndánaib ┐ dliged ┐ idpartaib don eclais sin in choimdhed, LB 122 a 24 . dánai na hecailse gifts given to the Church, its goods : airchinnig bíte ós inchaib martra nannaeb for dánaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, FA § 25 .

(b) in a spiritual sense.

(α) a gift from man to God, a spiritual offering; often in connection with idpart or dependent on adopair: na trí dána édbras ind eclais do Chríst .i. óige ┐ aithrigi ┐ lánamnus dligthech, PH 7082 . cura edpram dó na dána logmara sa .i. deigimrád ┐ deigbriathra ┐ deiggnim, ib. 7115 . co nérnend na dána trédai iris frescisciu ┐ déircc do Dia, ib. 7093 .

(β) a divine gift to man from God or the Holy Ghost, a Christian virtue looked upon as an emanation from the Holy Ghost , usually plural dánai. donationes secundum gratiam differentes: is sain dán cáich, Wb. 5 d 5 , 7 . sechiphé dán tra doberthar do neuch bad fri cumtach necolso immabera, ib. 13 a 3 (the same thought is expressed Wb. 22 a 11 : in aedificationem corporis Christi (i.e. the Church): is hed dothéit de tre ilar na ndáne). gratia habundans propter multos: mrechtrad inna ndáne tindnagtar do chách, ib. 15 c 2 . nítat ildáni do oenfiur et ní oen dán do sochuidi, ib. 21 a 16 . na decad in dán doradad dó fessin acht dán á cheli, ib. 23 c 16 . acht rocretea deacht Críst bit less ind huili dáni et na huili timne, ib. 27 b 15 . ni riat na dánu diadi aran indeb domunde, ib. 28 c 2 . fortgellam Dia dana (: slána) De we declare by God God's gifts SR 3611 . dán buidech briathar dimbrass a grateful gift is speech without boasting Ériu ii 63 st 3 . i coṅdiulg cech dána rothídnaic Dia do sruthib fetarlaice is dermáir in tidnacul tuc indiú dona hapstalu PH 5450 . in spirut noem inṡorchaidius ┐ ḟoillsigius dána ┐ derritus inna ṅgním ṅdiada, ib. 8082 ; cf. in spirut noeb ...roinṡorched dána ┐ derritiusa na ndliged ndiada don eclais, FA § 1 LB (which seems to correspond to the passage `arfuirid derritussa ┐ fochraice écsamla nimi dona bennachtnachaib' in the LU version). rodánaigthe a dánaib Dé tria secht fáthaib fáthsine, ZCP iii 21. 42 . duine co ndán ndligthech ṅDé, MacCarthy 40. 17 . dánai in spirto nóib the gifts of the Holy Ghost: doadbadar sunt ata nili dána in spirto et as nóindæ in spirut, Wb. 12 a 11 ( 1 Corinth. xii 11 ; cf. PH 5491 infra ). tairchella híc huili dánu in spirito, ib. 12 b 33 . tre thindnacul inna ndánæ in spirito do chách, ib. 21 c 2 . isé in spirut noeb sin ḟódlas a dhána dilsi do chách, PH 5491 ( 1 Corinth. xii 11 ). dána examla in spiruta noíb do thidnocul don eclais, ib. 5571 . They are seven: uair is secht ṅdána airegda airmither don spirut noem , ib. 8028 . hí figuir .vii. ṅdana spiritus sancti, Thes. ii 254. 9 . secht ndána in spiratu naoiṁ, O'Don. Suppl. 615 ( = secht tidluice i. s. n., 23 Q 1, p. 24 b 6 ). Their names are wisdom, intellect, counsel, vigour, knowledge, piety and fear of God: ecna intliucht comarle nert fis gaire gúr omon Fiadat for bith ché secht ndána Dé dún ZCP v 499 (stanza 4) .

(γ) in a special sense, a natural endowment, faculty, ability or talent, ingenium . fear creanus ... dliged ... dia tallaind tidnaic Dia do .i. isé Dia dotidnaic na dána sin do, Laws v 20. 13 , 25 .

II Skill in applying the principles of a special science; science; skill applied to the material or subject-matter of art; artistic faculty, art; especially the poetic faculty; the art of poetry . It translates Lat. ars. Synonyms elada, elatha, 1 fis, sous, airchetal. proficiebam in iudaismo, gl. ropsa airchinnech isin dán sin I have been a leader in that science Wb. 18 c 15 . is ecen do neuch fosisedar dán inna grammatic cotinola inna huili doilbthi, Thes. ii 6. 13 b 1 . badar liubair cacha dana issinn aracal irraibe Colum Cille books of every science Fél. 198 n 2 . ni bói dán aile innte acht legend ┐ scribend nammá quia ars ibi exceptis scriptoribus nulla habebatur Lat. Lives 92. 14 . Lochru ┐ Lucat Mael ithé...roptar auctair in dána sin inna sæbfáthsine inventores doni illius (sc. the druidical art), ib. 2. 6 . ocht ṅdalta do æs in dána druidechta na farrad, TBC-LL¹ 1071 . bar sciam ┐ bar ndán (v.l. náni) la Fiachra, RC xxiv 194. 10 . tria dan ┐ fisidecht a athar, ib. vi 178 l. 132 (v.l. from YBL). dénaid bhar ndána (i.e. music and dance)... Adubradar na mná nách dignidis dán go feastais a dtuarustol, Ériu iv 178. 16 , 18 . is dom sous matchous: a ndorigénai (sc. Brigit) do maith .i. is dom dán .i. is dom filidecht, Thes. ii 337. 21 . bretheam ...co ndán duis dfilidecht aigi a brehon with the skill of a `dos' in poetry Laws v. 92. 2 . aes cach dána núi cen inandus (sic leg.) na nastib, LL 197 a 9 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 180. 168 ). mac ind ḟiled cosin dán let the poet's son take to poetry ib. 148 a 11 . filid oldam anroth clí cano doss mac már...morsesser dian dan the seven who practise poetry ZCP v 499 st 7 (the bárd áine does not: ní fil dán lais, IT iii 5. 11 , 24. 10 . ní tuiremar dán lais, ib. iii 28 ). is oendán tegait .i. bairdne, IT iii 24. 18 , cf. ib. 6. 10 . i n(d)airib dána (sic leg.) in oakwoods of poetry ib. iii 106. 10 . dligid dan dúscad dligid fis foillsigud (sic YBL) MR 94. 16 . Gilla Aengussa O Cluman ollam Condacht re dán, RC xviii 165. 9 . beanuimsi fós (says Marvan to the sgeulees) a hucht mu dhia bar ndán díbh uili gan énrand do dhénumb ó so amach acht aenduan namá I deprive you all of your poetic faculty Oss. v 102. 18 . Ecna mac na trí ṅdea ṅdána, RC xxvi 30 , 139 . áes dána people of art ZCP x 370 , After Rome 34 , esp. poets (cf. IV): is annsin doeirgheadar aos dána an rígh do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atlantis iv 198. 15 . re haes dána dénta duán, Acall. 587 . dá tí dano aes dána sin crích...corop siat a duana saṁ ┐ a dréchta gabtair ar tús i nEmain, TBC-LL¹ 1154 . oes dana Uladh im Fercertne sin, ib. 5466 . filid ┐ aes dána ┐ aes glamtha gruaidi, ib. p. 441 n. 1 . aos dána in ríg co rinnib, O'Mulc. 830 d . Also áes dán: file bard dúanaire áos dán, Eg. Gl. 350 . Cf. SR 7212 . fer dána (cf. IV)

a poet ZCP x 370 . a chlaidib ríg...fogéba duit thḟer dána tigerna do diṅgbála RC xx 12. st 19 .

atbertatar a chliar risin fer ṅdána...massed bar in file, &c. , Bor. § 132. 3 . Cú Condacht ó Dálaigh in fer dána is ḟerr dobai, RC xviii 157. 24 .

In a figurative sense in the phrases dán ecnai, d.¤ forbai, d.¤ laechdacht: maith dán egna ferr dán forba doiligh dán laech[d]acht...mairg dianad dán laech[d]acht, ZCP vi 261. 30 ; cf. LL 346 a 40 . dán ecna dogní ríg do bhocht the art of wisdom makes a king of a pauper LL 346 a 35 .—PERS.: Dán mac Osmenta Poetry, son of Scrutiny RC xxvi 30. 130 .

III A poem, song, verse, rhyme . dán an ode, poem, lay, song or ditty; hymn. gen. dáin or dána, P. O'C. adrad maicc dé dán búada, Thes. ii 349. 7 . baudar amra [a] dana, Laws i 22 , 28 . i nduais filed....i. logh ar admolad uair ni dlegar dib dan do chennoch, ib. v 129. 1 . érned ar cach ṅdán as dír ┐ is dliged do reicc, LL 215 a 22 . cid i ndeochraigetar (sc. na baird)...i ndánaib ┐ grádaib ┐ anmandnuibb in poems, grades and names IT iii 5. 5 ; 24. 7 . na soerbaird cid nosdeochraigethar i ngradaib. ní hansa asa ṅdánaib forberat, ib. 6. 2 ; 24. 11 . Cid nosdeachraigetar ┐ nosæntaighedar ina ndánaib, ib. 24. 17 . do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atlantis iv 198. 16 . dia seichmis cech dia do dán, ZCP vi 266 st 8 . dá mbeirthea dán lat, ib viii 109. 26 . is fírdliged deit dan mic rigfiled Ruirend, MacCarthy 132 iii a . dagaiste in dána, IT iii 106. 2 . is iat sin ardaiste in dána, ib. 27 . reacfad feasda dán re dia, 23 D 13 , p. 25. 1 . Further examples Exodus xv 2 . Deuteronomy xxxi 19 . 2 Samuel xxii 1 . 1 Kings iv 32 . Job xxxv 10 . dán do chumtach to compose a poem: conutaing duine dán, H 3.18, 53 b . conrotacht dan duib, TBC-LL¹ 1707 Y. dánta diaghachta psalms Donlevy 454. 17 . i ndán in verse : aithghiorra an teagaisg chríosduighe a ndán, ib. v 7 ; cf. lii 18 ; 487. 2 . dán dírech the name of a metrical system used by the Irish: asé dochúm na duanta senchasa so i ndán díreach, AFM v 2320. 5 . dán d., Rel. Celt. ii 297 . 34 . O'Molloy 144 .

IV An industrial pursuit of a skilled nature; a craft, trade, business, office, calling, profession . Sometimes hardly distinguishable from II. Glossed by tidnaiced, Laws v 14. 23 , 26 , ib. 90. 26 ; translating Lat. professio, Sg. 33 a 25 , ars Todd Lect. v 92 , Sg. 156 b 4 , and often used synonymously with cerdd ( Laws i 14. 25 ; Thes. ii 293. 15 ; RC xxvi 21 ff .) and eladu ( Laws v 98 pass.). is ionann dán ┐ ceard, Keat. 666 . dán .i. ceárd, P. O'C. —dán do aittreb to hold or possess a profession (Sg). dán do aurfognom ( RC xii 78. 13 ), d.¤ do frithgnom ( Ml. 37 b 12 ; RC xii 76. 2 ), d.¤ do dénom ( Wb. 27 d 10 , Laws pass. ) to practise a profession. dánae do chongbáil ( Laws v 104 ; RC xii 78 ) to keep up or practise several professions (only pl. dánae). dán do ḟoglaim to learn a profession ( Ml. 37 b 12 ; Laws). dúlchinne or lóg in dáno ( Laws pass. ; ACL iii 227. 29 ) the pay of the profession.

The various dánae were divided into prímdánae (dagdánae) and fodánae (drochdána); compare Laws and LL 215 a 20 : lucht cech dána eter prímdán ┐ ḟodán. The latter class included according to Laws v 108. 20ff . the aes ciúil ┐ oirfidid oilchena monaig ┐ araid ┐ luamain ┐ comail ┐ daime ┐ creccoire ┐ cleasamnaig ┐ fuirseóire ┐ brugedóire ┐ fodána olcheana...nísta saíre cena foleith. While the aes ciúil thus are graded with jugglers and buffoons, an exception is made for the harpers, the cruittiri: cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges saíre, ib. 106. 27 . All who practise a profession are daernemed-persons with the exception of the filid ( Laws v 14 ff ), because they serve saernemed-persons and receive payment from them. `Every profession has its nemed' (cach dán a nemed) and `Every profession has its emoluments' (cach dán a duilgine) says the Alphabet of Cuigne mac Emoin ( ACL iii 226. 14 ; 227. 29 ). Highest among the aes dáno rank the saír `carpenters,' gobainn `smiths,' umaidi `braziers,' cerdda `gold-smiths,' legi `doctors,' breithemain `brehons,' and druid `druids' ( Laws v 90. 19 ). Other professionals mentioned in the Laws are the ailtiri (probably a subdivision of saír), cairemain `shoemakers, leathern-bottle makers,' círmairi `combers,' geibich `cloth-figurers,' iascairi `fishermen,' nascairi `chain-makers,' rindaigi `engravers,' tornóiri `turners,' tuathait `shield-coverers,' v. Laws v 106 ff . To these may be added from other texts the senchaidi `historians,' the grammarians, the chess-players, the lucht cumachtai `folk of might' (including the corrguinig, tuathaig `sorcerers,' ammaiti `wizards'), the araid `charioteers,' selgairi `hunters,' deogbairi `cupbearers,' &c., cf. RC xii 76 ff . 88 ff . But farmers of land exercise no dán; in the Tecosca Cormaic LL 375 c 20 dán is used in opposition to orbae 'inherited property'.

The Laws make a distinction between dánae inunna the various branches or subdivisions of one and the same profession, and dánae écsamlai different professions, as is evident from the following passages: cethri dána inunda aigi he has four parallel professions (viz. the building of sea-ships, barques, canoes and vessels), v 104. 7 . fer congeb trede .i. trí dána inanna aigi .i. durtech ┐ muilinn ┐ ibroracht, v 104. 21 . fer congeb dede .i. fer congbus dá dán examla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht smithwork and goldwork v 104. 18 . fer congeb ceatharda .i. cethra dána éxamla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht ailtirecht ┐ gebidecht smithwork and goldwork, carpentry and cloth-figuring ib. v 104. 30 . dia mbeth dána éxamla aice beith eneclann cacha dána dib, H 3.18 , p. 126 . O'D. Suppl.

Salutat uos Lucas medicus, gl. dicit híc ainm dáno dorigéni i tossug, Wb. 27 d 10 . alia a professionibus .i. hua ḟóisitnib inna ṅdáne frisgniat ┐ ataimet, Sg. 33 a 25 . ut mechannicus .i. arindí atreba in dán sin. ind ḟiss asberar michanicé , ib. 33 a 26 , 27 . grammaticus .i. airindí atreba in dán inna litredachte, ib. 33 a 28 . dual dán, Laws v 104 . artium vero nomina .i. dana .i. anmman araḟóimtar di danaib ut doctor de doctrina , Sg. 156 b 4 . quos multa peritia facit ab eiusdem artis consortibus eminere .i. sainred neulais leu isin dan frisgníat sech cách fodglein olchene, Ml. 37 b 12 . cechtar nathar fria saindan, bíth a menmasam fri seilgg mu menma céin im saincheirdd, Thes. ii 293. 14 . maith la cechtar nár a dán, ib. 294. 2 . isé a prímdán budein filidecht, Laws v 12. 17 . is saer cid cách creanus a suíre dia dán, iv 14. 28 . in cách...cendaigis saeiri dó dun dán bís aigi amail atá in gaba, v 14. 30 ; cf. ib. 20. 14 , 22 , 33 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do cindemain aigi that man is the better of those professions having fallen to his lot, v 20. 28 . cethri ba do ar gach ndán four cows for each profession, v 104. 8 . in dán is uaisli dib, ib. 104. 22 . dá prímdán do beith aigi i fotha .i. clochsairsi ┐ crannsairsi ┐ in dana dan as uaisli dib do beith aigi i fotha .i. damliag ┐ duirrtech, v 92. 2 f.b. fégad arna dánaib eile, v 94. 3 . in dúil chinntech doberar dontí aca ndéntar in dán .i. lóg in dána, v 266. 12 . seisid doben allógh gacha dána dib, ib. 94. 4 . Cf. sesid do asna dánaib eli, v 104. 25 . saer daer dagdána dáig fogniat ┐ fogníter free, unfree are the good arts, because they serve and are served, v 96. 10 , 13 . in oiret bes (sc. in dalta) ica ḟoglaim .i. ic dénum a dána dligthig (apparently = while he is learning his lawful profession, though dán do dénum usually means to exercise a profession), v 96. 24 . a étail dána uile...┐ cédtuilleam a dána the entire profits of his profession and the first earnings of his profession, v 96. 28 . dia congba dá dán díb if he unites (keeps up) two of these arts, v 106. 8 , 15 . ni ḟuil nach ní doib ara ndán nothing is due to them in right of their profession, v 106. 25 . ma feraind fuair ara dán hé, ib. iii 50. 3 . ara dhán no ara leginn no ara filidecht, ib. 50. 6 . mad étail brethemnasa no filidechta no nach dána olcena, iii 50. 4 . a dualgus a dána in right of his profession, v 108. 16 , 17 , 36 . nach dán asrubartamar dliges saire, v 108. 1 . gan a dán, 108. 2 , 7 . intí aca mbia aendán the person who has one profession, v 108. 13 . intí ca mbed dána ilarda, ib. 14 . ildána (n pl.), ib. 16 . damad hé dán dliged na fine if it was the lawful profession of the tribe, iii 50. 10 .

cipe dán ara corat[h]ar neuch láiṁ ised as dech dó foss occa, Mon. Tall. 159. 6 . cid hé mo dán though that be my craft FB § 92 , cf. Strachan ZCP iii 422 . ni hé mo dan dogrés atát dána lim chena, FB § 93 . a gillai forcitail (a mmo sruith) cia dán dognísiu, RC xxvi 20 § 54 , 22 § 70 . oc dénum a dána, H 3.17 , col. 175 . cia dan frisag[n]eie al sei ar ni teid nech cin dan i Temruig, RC xii 76. 2 (compare ní théiged [don fleid i.e. fleid Temrach]...duine cen dán, Ériu iv 124. 12 ). abair ... an fil les oeinfer codogabai ina danu sæ ule, ib. 78. 9 . na huili dano arufognot det muntir si atát les ule a oenor conedh fer cacha danai ule ei, ib. 78. 13 . bo suí cach dáno é, ib. 78. 24 . ruaicill Lug cach ar uair dib fria ndanoib, ib. 92. 13 . bid furside cech dán, ib. xxvi 36 § 185 . fer sotal im gáis im dán im thocad, Tec. Corm. § 32 . romeasc cách ar dan a chéle IT iii 187 § 7 (= MS. Mat. 511. 24 . BB 261 a 25 ). ro hordaigheadh cách díb fora dhan díleas, ib. ferr dán orbba a trade or profession is better than inheritance LL 345 c 20 . rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib, &c. TBC-LL¹ 997 . rocóraidhid iarum cách fo grádaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ i ndligemnus, Ériu v 234. 9 . na hollumain ┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena, FDG 25 . an dán cétna dóib sund, BColm. 20. 23 . dober Colmán dó hi fus in dán cena cétna, ib. 74. 23 . Here also O'Mulc. 222 : cerd graece cires .i. manus unde cernach .i. buaidh lám dicitur. ar cach dán dogniat lámae is cerd dongairther .i. lámdae because every craft, exercised by the hands, is called `cerd.'

dán ciúil the profession of the `áes ciúil.' cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges sairi, Laws v 106. 27 . aes dáno (pl. aesa dána, FB § 12 ) .i. in lucht aca mbí in dán, Laws v 98. 6 . The practisers of a profession, people of any trade or art (other than farmers of land) = aes cerdd, Laws iv 316. 25 , aes tidnaicthe, ib. v 14. 23 , 26 , aes eladan, v 90. 28 , though v 98. 11 a distinction is made between `aes dána' and áes borbeladan 'workers in unskilled professions'. Opp. aes trebtha, Cóir Anm. § 149 . tarrcomlad cach aes dána la hÉrind co tarfen cách a cheird fia[d] Patraic, Laws i 14. 25 . aithgabáil cach aes (sic) dána, ii 118. 21 . breithem bes tualaing fuigell frisind aes ndána, v 98. 1 . duilgine cach aesa dána adroilli duilgine, v 264. 15 . formna láth ngaili Ulad arcena ┐ a maccæm ┐ a næsa dána, FB § 12 (p. 258. 13) . rofáid C. filedu ┐ áes dána ┐ drúdi Ulad dia saigid... rotriall som dano in næs ndána do marbad, SCC § 48 . aragarud...oes danu Erionn, RC xii 84 § 85 . degníth lesin oes ndanou indsen, ib. § 86 . den oes dana, ib. § 124 . do ḟiledaib ┐ aes dána, TBC-LL¹ 2708 . aes cacha dáno, Laws v 14. 18 . rodeiligsid arís æs cacha dána fria aroili, IT iii 187 § 7 ( MS. Mat. 511. 26 ) aes cacha dáno olchenae 'any other professionals': daerneimead imorro aes gacha dána olchena, Laws v 14. 17 . daernemed tra saeir ┐ gobaind ┐ umaide ┐ cerda ┐ legi ┐ breithemain ┐ druid ┐ aes cacha dána olchena, ib. v 90. 21 (gl. .i. lucht cacho tidnaicthi uili cena ┐ na fodhán). iter eclais ┐ tuaith ┐ aos gacho dána olchena, ZCP viii 111. 21 . doescarṡluag ┐ oes dímain ┐ oes cecha dána olchena, LB 116 a 27 , cf. di daoscarsluag ┐ daos cecha dánæ olchenæ, RC xii 104. 2 . cóicedaig Érenn...┐ a rígu ┐ a toísig ┐ a nócthigernn ┐ a namsaid ┐ oes cacha dána gnáthaig ┐ ingnáthaig olchena FDG 158 . aes dánae, aes dán (pl.) = aes dáno; cf. dér as g pl. Fél. Epil. 400 . cen aes ṅdán, SR 7212 , cf. aos dán poets Eg. Gl. 350 . ceth ind táos dánae ol Máolrúin in gobui[n]d ind tsáoir ┐ reliqui , Mon. Tall. 135. 30 . For the use of the pl. compare the synonymous áes cerdd. fer dáno a member of the aes dáno, a professional man: mad fer dána, Laws iii 48. 18 ; in a spec. sense a poet, v. II. Idiomatically in asseverations: dar mo dán by my craft (profession): d. m. d. is luag noragad duid ar sin do dénum, Anecd. i 46. 6 . Cf. fo mo cheirdd, LU 75 b 30 ( TBC-I¹ 1685 ).

V A craftsman : cach dán dogní aicdi flatha nó ecalsa 'every craftsman who manufactures articles for a lord or a churchman', Críth G. 486 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cruit, is ē āendān cīuil ind sein dliges saīri 'a harpist, that is the only skilled musician who can claim independent status', CIH v 1616.31 , Ériu lxvi 2 . sāer dāer dagdāna 'good craftsmen are [at once] noble and base', CIH v 1613.22 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cis lir fodlai for soírneimthib? ... a cethair - ecnae, eclais, flaith, fili; it é doírnemid dánae olchenae 'how many divisions are there of noble privileged ones? ... four, ecclesiastical scholar, churchman, lord, poet; the remaining craftsmen are base privileged ones', Ériu xl 8 § 1 .

VI A profession as represented by its practisers collectively; the members of a trade as a body. cach dán dogní aicdi flatha no ecalsa all craftsmen who make the manufactures of a chief or a church Laws iv 332. 1 . dán cimbeda probably= captives, prisoners (if not corrupt for damna cimbeda, see damnae I (b)): gabtar na fir ┐ ná gontar iter dáig nimmó ná dán cimbeda rothoegat, TBC-LL¹ 5120 . That the sense is a concrete one and Windisch's translation wrong is proved by TBC-LL¹ 5122 : Conchobar gan a guin do gabáil ┐ dán cimbeda do dénam dona deich cét ar ḟichit cét bátar na ḟarrad.

VII An occupation, function, business; an allotted task . dán .i. obair, Lec. Gl. 446 , Stowe Gl. 59 , 330 . cumal .i. ben bís oc bleth brón ar isé dán na mban ṅdáer riasiu darónta na muilind for this was the business of bondwomen Corm. s.v. cumal ; Zeuss² 245 . trí dána dobertsat slóg na Galia fair úir do tarradh ┐ muighi a fedhaib ┐ scáileadh murgabla srotha Ligir three tasks the people of G. imposed upon him RC xv 434. 26 , where dán= obair, l. 29 below (┐ adaigestar obair naile do thabairt fair). tri dán tucsat for R., LL 196 a 36 . olc or sí do dan bith oc buadred na Hérenn LU 53 b 8 (Tuc. Ind. na nD.). trí eoin aregda isin chathair ...┐ a menma ina ndúlemain tria bithu issé sin a ndan FA § 7 . bid hé mo dán iter drungu démnu...beth icot mallachad sa, PH 8263 . Hardly in Mon. Tall. 133. 10 : asrubart M. nibu móo dan lais arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli; the translation given seems impossible.

VIII To give in payment; a payment (cf. dawn bwyd payments in kind in the Welsh Laws). dan .i. ic ut est co hiar nde mis rodantar frit no r[o]dana .i. cidh riut icar cidh tu icas, O'Dav. 693 . So in Alexander 382 : rotustuillset fo chísaib ┐ bés ┐ dán ┐ dliged dóib, if it is complete (the line ends with fo chísaib ┐; something might have been dropped at the beginning of the new line). It recalls the passage TBC-LL¹ 997 , containing dán in the sense of profession : rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib ┐ uaslecht ┐ cáinbésaib.

IX PHRASES.

(a) is dán do: bá dán dosom intan ba holc a menma noslocad indala súil conna roched corr inna cind it was his custom (?) SCC § 5 . ar is do is dán tidhnocol for to him `belongs to make presents (O'Don.) Leb. Cert. 192. 14 . gottí an tairrngeartaigh dar dhán sí asa hairmbertaibh diompádh who is allotted to Tadhg O'Huiginn (R.I.A. 23 L 17 , f. 576 § 12 )=dá mbed i ndán. Cf. VIII (b).

(b) i ndán (do) destined to, in store for; espec. destined by fate, fated, allotted ; phonetically i nán. Synon. i cinniud, i tairngiriu.—Only in connection with atá or dorala. The phrase does not appear in the Glosses, and the earliest instances collected here are taken from the YBL and the LB. Dán used independently in the sense fate, destiny , is not common in Irish, though this meaning is frequently given by modern lexicographers (dán .i. cineaṁain P. O'C. , cf. Coneys, O'R., Dinneen ). A late instance is quoted VIII (a). It occurs, however, in spoken Gaelic: is duilich cur an aghaidh dàin to oppose fate is difficult ( Macd. Gael. Dict. i 310 a ); but as a rule in Gaelic also it depends on i n- (ma tha e 'n dàn dhoṁ a bhi beò). robai i ndán ┐ i tairngire in aided úd diar mbreith doréir faistine in druad was fated and foretold RC xxiv 280 § 19 (YBL). aspert in sruith [fri]usuṁ imthecht uair ní hannsut boi i ndan [do]ibh eserghi, ib. xiv 58 § 72 (Book of Fermoy; v.l. nách ann rocinnedh doib a neiséirge). mata a ndán duit, ib. xxiii 420. 28 (YBL; compare l. 24 : do bi i tairngiri dam). ma rocollit riam a gessi rocollit innocht .i. boi a ndán a coll for their breaking was fated MacCongl. 15. 13 (LB). na nethe aurdhalta bis a cinded ┐ a ndan doib, Fen. 38. 17 . ag déunaṁ réiṁḟiadhnuise airna neithib dobhí a ndán do Chríosd dḟulang, RC vii 359. 10 ( 1 Peter 11 ). noco tí an ridiri da fuil a ndán an pócc do thabairt, ZCP ii 24. 28 . ca fis nach da cloidhem féin atá a ndán a marbadh ib. vi 103. 7 ; 'who knows that it is not his own sword that is destined to kill him' x 371 . cip hé for talmain...dia da (leg. dia d[t]a) i nndán a fúaslocod (sc. inna cest), ib. iv 234.1 f.b. , RC xxxvii 18 . a beith i ndán dam bás dagbáil in lá dá gebthasu bás, Cog. 172. 8 . ní fhuil a ndán do bás dḟaghail nó go mbuailtear trí buillidhe don luirgḟearrsaid atá aige air, Oss. iii 120. 6 . fothrugadh luaidhe ar do chind sa óir dobhi a n[d]an do thiachtain annso, Ériu iii 164. 3 f.b. dobhaoi a ndán...tocht do ṡluaigh go hiathṁaigh (sic leg.) nAdhair, Hugh Roe 198. 17 . gach ainiarsma da mbí i ndán dó féin ó thosach a gheineaṁna go síorraidhe tre ṡaoghal na saoghal, TSh. 72. 18 . Further instances Acall. 6876 . Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150. 23 . SG 65. 45 ; 234. 5 . RC xiii 222. 39 . Aen. 84 , 93 . Gadelica ii 93 . 8. OCL 6 . BS § 76. 2 .—The following examples do not involve the sense of fate or destiny: na cóicedaig archena do ṡuidiugad amail robuí a ndán do chách, FDG 203 . do Luaighni atá i ndán in tres, Fianaig. 68. 11 . dobhraith cách uili den láiṁ (leg. d'ēnláimh) go bfuil caphair a ndán dí, Ériu vi 128. 6 f.b. , ZCP x 371 tárla a ndán di teagṁáil aran gcuid don ṁachaire noch fa le Boas it was her hap Ruth ii 3 .

(c) beith doendán i cenn oppose together, be on the same side against; the same as beith doenláim i cenn, as is evident from the passage LB 140 a 15 : co ndernsat caratrad do beth doeṅdán i cend Aristobuil...o rabtar oentadaig dénlaim i cend A. &c. Developed from sense IV.

MOD. dán (Connaught also nán, nnán, abstracted from i ndán), gen. dáin (dána obs.), n pl. dáin and dánta, d pl. usually dánaibh, a song. fear dáin a poet : is mór an fear dáin docheapadh é (Kerry). i ndán (with tá) fated, in store ; also able to: níl tú i ndán anacht id ṡuidhe ( Finck ii 99. 6 ); cf. Acall. 2396 : ní raibhi a ndán dúinne a marbad we could not kill it (sc. the monster). In the sense of I-II, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII (a) and (c), dán is now obsolete, and in the sense of III words like amrán, dúan, laíd are now more usual.

Compd.: ós cech dándíne drong trén 'over every gifted host of strong bands', SR (Greene) 6703 .

de(i)n

Cite this: eDIL s.v. de(i)n or dil.ie/15440

Forms: deni, déine, deni, dein, dén

(see Wortk. 115 , KZ xlvi 151 ) adj., apparently indecl., and found only in verse (cf., however: cach duine dein dligthide, Laws iv 360.19 ). Possibly inflected in: daidhri Duiblindi deni tuathaigi, BB 298a22 (g s f. or leg. déine?) and: secht nóem déae . . . deni mathi, Gorm. Apr. 16 (n p.). Sense uncertain. dein .i. glan, O'Dav. 598 (followed by O'Cl. dein .i. glan; dein clean, neat , O'Br.; dén pure, clean, neat , P. O'C.) is a mere guess, perh. suggested by the gl. deine .i. glaine, ZCP v 489 § 10 (B. na f.). Meaning seems rather firm, strong, powerful: a dúire den, SR 1391 . do Denna Den. .i. Denna dímór, LU 9835 ( PRIA xix 532 ). Cithramach den (: filed), Acall. 535 . cái cruaid den (dean, MS.: fochan), Four Songs § 2 . bearum-ne a cruth dean | tar gach finnsruth fial, Oss. v 16 . niambrat Néill im drummchlár nden, Ériu iv 96 . rosdedlaig degrann den (: ingen), Rawl. 72a33 . roidpart Dia cach ṅdúil dein, SR 1803 . sechtmoga mac la dís dein (: ingenaib), 1971 . gréni fri turcbail toebdein, 4434 . i n-ainbthine dein dermóir, 7614 . truagh deired in domain dein (: ind), Acall. 2677 . deich turba derb na ndrong nden, SR 773 . for drongaltaib den, Rawl. 165b22 . cét tengad dein, SR 955 . cona dlúmaib dlúthaib dein, 3367 . Cf. 2469 . Note also: do Dia dein (: aimsir), 1471 . mac Dé dein, KMMisc. 156.128 .

In chevilles: monar nden (: hécen), SR 1451 . monar ndein (: sein), 4643 . déde ṅdein, 7033 . lathar ṅdein, 5861 . delm ṅdein, 5329 . ruathar ndein, 4765 .

? As subst. den .i. dín nó daingen ut est . . . gorab den fri trachta[d] .i. gorab díon nó gorab daingen in trachta[d], O'Dav. 737 .

Compd.: ¤grád: glantogu deingráid buada, Ériu ii 64 .

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