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1 aithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithe or dil.ie/2602

Forms: aithi, aithi, aithi

vn. of ad-fen. a.¤ n-imrime, Cóic Con. 47 § 84 . a s. always aithi in Wb. (unless the obscure cenathe, Wb. 18a25 , contains this word); n s. aithi, Sg. 111b3 , Thes. ii 227.21 , Trip.² 541 . See GOI § 725 . aithi f., IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) Act of requiting; requital, recompense; payment, quid pro quo: ní ar lóg na aithi pridchimmi soscéle, Wb. 14c8 , 9 ; 15b11 ; 24d1 . precept soscéli cen lóg cen aithi, 14c10 . aithi gl. foenus, Sg. 111b3 . aithi usura, Thes. ii 227.21 . aithi .i. cum[m]ain, ut est cach rath co n-aithi .i. biadh ┐ manchuine, O'Dav. 168 . caite a.¤ .i. log meich, Laws iii 328.8 . caiti in a.¤ cumaine, 9 Comm. ni fuil aithfe gin iubaile do gelluib, O'D. 706 ( H 3.17, 516 ). a.¤ n-imrime .i. in aithe comaine no logh do-berar ar imrim int searraigh .i. ara riarugud i.e. recompense for breaking in a horse, Cóic Con. 47 § 84 ; Laws v 212.3 . gin aithi gin fochraic . . . gin a.¤ .i. focetoir, gin fochraic .i. iardain, O'Curry 2460 ( Eg. 88, f. 37(38)c ). a.¤ fiach .i. ic fiach, 766 ( H 3.18, 360b ). mac duine timghair a.¤ a mhaoeine i.e. he does not confer benefits for nothing, ZCP xii 296.5 . ratha fiala a.¤ ṡlána, LL 343b55 = aithi ṡlána `full compensations', Tec. Corm. 3.27 . ferr athe opad, LL 345c41 = ithe, Anecd. iii 19.14 . fuilled ro-imarcraid ind aithi, MacCongl. 21.5 .

(b) act of retaliating; revenge, retaliation: nech bud ḟerr leis dá athe no da dígail, TBC-LL¹ 4419 . tene . . . oc athi bar col, PH 3637 . nech da tísad aithi na gona sain who should avenge that slaying, LL 244a47 ( TTr. 2051 ). fear a.¤ a an-fhalta `to revenge his animosities', MR 262.12 . nir-bo echt cen aithi, TTebe 3524 . aithi in uilc, IGT Decl. ex. 166 . a.¤ x DO y avenging x (an action) on y: robo adlaic dó a aithi do Pátraic aní dorigni, Trip.² 541 . More usually with FOR: d'a.¤ a n-indligid foruib to punish them for their rapacity, ACL iii 3.16 . d'athi ar n-écora for Troiánu, LL 224a6 ( TTr. 494 ). dia aithiu fair in dimhicin dorad fornd, Marco P. 31 . d'a.¤ a anffoladh ar a eassccairdibh, AFM vi 2146.15 . Of a person: d'aithi ┐ d'fír-dígail Oilella Finn ar fheraib Erenn, Celt. Rev. iv 204.13 .

árad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. árad or dil.ie/3934
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: áradh, arach

n o, m. áradh m., IGT Decl. § 11 , § 104 . Perh. vn. of ad-reith. See Vendr. Lex.

(a) ladder: āradh .i. rith nō rīad fri hā; ā .i. cech ard, Corm. Y 4 . Cf. arád .i. riad fri a ar as á cach nard ┐ í cach nisel, O'Curry 83 ( H 3.18, 63 ). ? fri arthu archathru / co domun dringthiar (.i. fri áradu na cathrach huaisle), RC xx 260 § 68 ( LU 894 . Cf. Celtica vi 228 ). it árid dogairter ut dicitur scale ɫ coeli s[un]t sancti , LU 899 . dobert . . . aradu arda ┐ dremireda do dul tar na muru, BB 442b51 . ac tabairt dremere ┐ arad frisna muru, Aen. 2216 . isin árud secht-ceimnech, PH 8010 . gach á.¤ rig nemh every ladder that reaches heaven, Ériu iv 236 § 9 . Elaid ind Araid `the Monument of the Ladder' (the golden ladder by which angels took Boetius to heaven), Fél. 258.27 . a fheartais araidh rung of a ladder, IT iii 85 § 84 . gurbo h-āradh re holc ┐ gurbo drēim re dīberg, ML² 1710 . slegha ar áth mar aradh `spears on a ford form a ladder(?)', Studies 1920, 418.6 . dréimire, fára, sdaighre, Eg. Gl. 210 . Fig. ar n-á.¤ firinni (of God), LU 1190 (ACC). amra á.¤ . . . d'ascnam flatha Maicc Maire (of Brigit), Thes. ii 328.7 (Hy. v). á.¤ clod cain reim radit bii (of a king), RC xx 44.24 (ACC) = arad cloth caín in réim riadait bí, LU 358 . ar isé á.¤ ┐ slabrad ┐ muince as tresseom do thabairt anma dune a hiffurn in biait, LL 278b26 . comadh arad fresgaphala doip dochum nime (of tower of Babel), Auraic. 2425 .

In plant name: Tapsia Iposilína .i. lus Oilella .i. arudh muiridh, ACL i 334 § 31 . hasta regia .i. arudh Muiri, 335 § 78 .

(b) bier (cf. 2 árach): crand fedna collna .i. adbar in araidh .i. fuaith wood for carrying a corpse (i.e. for a bier), Laws v 482.27 ; 484.15 Comm. fuad .i. arad, Lec. Gl. 412 . eccla croinn áis an áraidh / eccla gábhaidh báis brónaigh (cf. crann fáis quick-set tree, P. O'C. ), ACL iii 216 § 4 . croinn ghairthe le ngon tánaidh / áruidh chon d'aithle an ḟíadhaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 441 . dream do chinn crábhadh go hóg / nach sgirr fód go háradh iad, DDána 42.8 (`until death', n.).

(c) Some form of trespass. In exx. form varies between árad and árach. Thurn., ZCP xvi 204 , considers árad the better reading. Binchy, however, considers 'aradh' and 'araig' to be misspellings of 'árach' Celtica ix 165 : fothla tothla / tán án / aircsiu arad(?) (arach MS) / attrab follscud / foilluchta iadad, ZCP xvi 204.17 . duinecaithe tra imeathan tar tir do chéile .i. aradh ┐ aitrebadh, follscudh ┐ fothla . . ., Laws iv 98.17 Comm. = araig ┐ aitreb . . ., 146.16 Comm. na hedu sin isin cét feis . . . arach ┐ atrabh iar sin, 104.4 Comm. andilsi do flaithib fothla . . . aircsiu, arach, attrab . . ., ZCP xii 366.16 . Doubtful if same word as in (a) and (b).

1 cenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenn or dil.ie/8622
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cend, ch., cenna, ciunn, cinn, cenda, cinnu, cind, cind, cinnu, cionn, ceann, cionn, cionn, ceinn

n o, n., later m. n p. cend, LU 9385 . ? a p. ch.¤ , Sg. 54a11 . n a p. usually cenna. On d s. ciunn, cinn see GOI 177 . For masc. infl. in pl. cf. a p. cenda, TBC-I¹ 483 = cinnu, LU 4970 . n p. cind, FA 22 LB. cind `chiefs', Laws v 440.23 . a p. cinnu, LL 8132 . In later lang. both cionn (O. Ir. ciunn) and ceann occur in d s. (see Donl., Párl. na mB.), the former mainly in fixed prepositional expressions (ós cionn , etc.). a s. cionn, Beatha S. F. 2567 . g s. ceinn, Párl. na mB. 535 , n p. Keat. i 196.15 . IGT Decl. § 65 .

Note also: for ar ceinn, Vita Br. 24 . in ch.¤ cleasach . . . Tesifóne, MR 168.6 . iar ndenamh creiche chinne maghair (n. loc.), AFM iv 1356.6 .

I The human head, head of an animal .

1 cend a uerbo graeco .i. gennome (γίνομαι) .i. nascor, O'Mulc. 217 . donchind gl. capiti, Gild. Lor. 102 . du-uic in foiltne i ndiad in chínn, Ml. 84c24 . mani roima fora c.¤ ní mema forsna bullu, 89c11 . beim a cinn fri cloich, 139c3 . ammi corp do Crist et is c.¤ som duunni, Wb. 5d2 . airmitiu féid in chinn, 7d14 . cen chaille fora ciunn, 11c9 . in boill dó ass ón chiunn, 22a17 . adart foch., Sg. 198a10 . dim chinn, Blathm. 95 § 17 . oc folcad chinn a athar, Vita Br. 15 . airecc cinn Iohannis, Fél. Feb. 27 . contt cēill ciunn curp in sense, reason, head and body , ZCP vi 258.10 . rochromsat a ccinnu, ZCP xiv 234.5 . imruidbed mo tenga as mo chind, Ériu ii 102 § 9 . madit a shuili inna cinn, 122 § 61 . amhuil chinn ina bhalluibh, Luc. Fid. 3454 . Of a head of hair: ceinn-fhionna (sic) do bhíodh ar fhearaibh Éireann re n-a linn `white heads', Keat. i 196.15 (see cenann).

2 In phrase with follg. gen. forming n. pr.: Coirpri Cind cait Cathead , Cóir Anm. 241 . C.¤ Fáelad Wolfhead , see Corp. Gen. 541 - 2 . Cend Ghegain, IT iii 101 § 183 . Finguine mac Laeghaire Cenngégain, Cog. 18 (see also s.v. cinnchucán). Eochaidh cendmhairc Horsehead , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 6.8 . da ingin dec ailella cind nathrach Snakehead , Rawl. 134b18 .

3 Of the head cut off in battle: fris-cithsead far cenna díb, BDD² 869 . tri laíchcind . . . im chend do chétmeic, LL 13149 (Sc.M2). co fargaibhset xl c.¤ lais, AFM i 498.2 . So in phr. ár c.¤ = ár: co fargaibset ár cend aicce, LL 2536 . cor' ben a ngabala dib ┐ ár cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 .

4 Attrib. g s.: na heónu / cosna ceólu cinn-sin (sic leg.) shrill notes, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.68 . Cf. gotha cinn . . . ag báinealtoin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 . See Études Celt. iv 397 . iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna front legs , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . nocha bán-bhéim acht cneadh chinn head-wound, serious wound , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.9 . ? secht ccumala cinn, Ériu xiii 22.24 . gilla cinn eich gl. auriga, Ir. Gl. 17 . laicce chinn, RSClára 4a . go mbeith rith chinn ré fānaidh aco ar gach n-aon eile would completely outdistance, would utterly rout(?), Párl. na mB. 99 .

Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 , cites BDD² 886 and We. parallels in support of a meaning mouth.

5 In various idiomatic phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind at the top of her voice, SR 3215 . conā fāgad inad a chind for bith that he might find no abiding-place, TBC-I¹ 2214 . o cionn co fonn from tip to toe, Blathm. 152 . nom-loiscc eter chend is choiss completely , Ériu vii 223 § 34 . dia cennaib ┐ cosaib utterly, entirely , LB 115b42 . bein cinn fri hald `striking a head against a cliff' (of wasted labour), RC xii 96 § 127 . co ro benad a tech dia chind `unroofed his house', RC xxiv 46 § 4 . roloiscedh . . . a ndúin . . . ina cendaibh, Ériu v 158.215 . a ndiaidh a gcinn headlong , Donlevy xviii 25 . an ceann fá dhruim head first (coffin lowered into grave), Dán Dé xxix 7 . co mbiat cend ar díb cendaib (of a fierce battle), TTr.² 907 . ar ba `c.¤ i mbolg' . . . do ṡil Adhuimh were in complete ignorance, Ériu ii 98 § 1 = ba-c.¤ a-coim, RC xxiv 369.6 , cf. Études Celt. vi 201 . cend i cotlud a peaceful death(?), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ? ní bheinn teann ar chlíabh a cill / sní bhíadh mo cheann a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 . c.¤ a ngabal `head in fork' (bad behaviour in a horse), Laws iii 180.18 Comm. c.¤ i láp see láp. c.¤ i, fo muine see 1 muine. ? fír, ol Óengus, Fergas cend fo raithin, Trip.² 1495 .

6 Of a single animal, etc.: do mac Loigsiu pa mōr ngō / ar in āincend an cēt mbō, ACL iii 2.12 . Note also: aon bhuaidhreadh amháin . . . an dara ceann, De Imit. 29.23 . ? robii cosnom im oenchend `there may be strife about one head' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1730 .

7 Various: ceann cait owl , Párl. na mB. 1452 . go dul tar ceannaibh cuan, Measgra D. 48.8 ` billow, breaker ', Gloss.

8 In various idioms with prec. vb.: ni mo tarrthus cend furre no forin gaeth `it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind', Aen. 649 . do-fócaib c.¤ appears see do-fócaib (D 269.36 ff.). ? immicurtis iarum cenna sechaiseom darsi ṅGairb sair ┐ siar eter Laigniu ┐ Ossairge, LL 36728 . tug a ch.¤ a n-inisle iomagallaimhe orra `entered into converse', ITS v 112.17 . no indsaiged in Troianda . . . congebead cend in Grecdai ┐ no indsaiged in Grecda . . . co ngebid cend in Tr. ┐ combdis cind ar cind, BB 435b22 .

9 Of buildings roof: ni rabi cenn for tempul Fidnacha in tan-sin, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . c.¤ co claradh oir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 . c.¤ Frangcach `a ribbed vault, a groined roof ' (Meyer Contribb.), AU iii 161.8 . don chend luaidhe boí for tempall an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.16 . Note also: roclúdadh na lestra fóa ccennuibh covers, tops , Ériu xiii 24.22 .

II End, end-point, termination.

10 In concrete applications: c.¤ cridi gl. uiscus, uisceris, Sg. 111b5 . nóe cend nine tips(?), LU 9835 . achind dochnama, IT iii 103.19 . a-cinn a-cruibh, RC xxiv 377.1 , .3 . cennæ na ngái, Liad. and Cuir. 12.9 . ceand muilind `the head of a mill', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 3 ( Laws iv 214.29 Comm. ). laim re ceand in droichid, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 10 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . mó ná cliab co cendaib dés ` sheaves ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.81 . do bhalad cinn én coinnle, RC xxiv 383.33 . dealg do chennaib óigsgech, IGT Decl. ex. 1082 . Metr. aisde cind tṡinte, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 48 , 49 . co casbairn chinn truim, Decl.ex. 623 (see cenntromm).

11 Of territories: a tá isin chionnsa thes (of a hill), SG 118.10 . isin c.¤ ba nesa dó don tír, AFM vi 2056.19 . i cind Maige Dála at the end of Magh Dala, Ériu i 132.74 . Of journeys: a gceann uidhe their objective, O'Hara 1241 . ceann bhar gcoimhleanga, DDána 74.56 . is iomdha slighe . . . / 's a ceann go magh nimh a-nonn, Dán Dé xxiii 4 .

12 Abstract applications: ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim let me not hold mine own bridle, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . sa chionn cunntuis in the account, Fl. Earls 90.13 . ní ricfa c.¤ scéoil úainne tar tech not a whisper of it will get out of this house, TTr.² 1796 . Of time: ar c.¤ fri c.¤ Enair `our end against the head of January' (i.e. 31 Dec. and 1 Jan.), Fél. Ep. 8 . c.¤ do shaoghail, BNnÉ 293 § 12 v.l. For sa cheann cháol etc. see cáel. do cheann don dáil `what you shall get in this affair', Content. xxvii 15 .

13 Of the end or completion of an affair, etc.: foruirmed c.¤ forsnaib cotarsnaib gl. aduersa nostra . . . constant inpleta, Ml. 74c20 . ni tucthar c.¤ essib gl. genelogís interminatís, Wb. 27d22 . oc tabairt chind for airimmeirt sluaigh ┐ shochaidhi, TTr.² 310 ( LL 400b10 ). cend ┐ forcenn air sin that's enough of that(?), Acall. 5361 . ní bia cend for th'ermitin `there shall be no limit to thy dignity', Celtica iv 16.180 .

III Of persons, chief, head person, leader.

14 Legal: nad cennaib coirib comallat, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 `cond . . . den voll Geschäftsfähigen. Die andern haben einen cond als c. `Haupt' über sich, der sie `unterstüzt', für sie in ihren Sachen spricht, etc. ', 380 . rí bunaid cach cinn, Críth G. 447 `caput, head of family, individual', Vocab. fortét cech c.¤ ba tressa(i) inní bes étressa, 474 . c.¤ caich iar nduinib i fine besid sruithe, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278.21 ). cend cartus a memar a chief who rejects his tenant, Laws v 164.19 Comm. dlegaid cind cuindreach `the chiefs are bound to rectify', 440.23 . cach cind (sic MS) a chonrach, ACL iii 227.31 .

15 In non-legal contexts: cend do ḟeraib Herenn Patraic, Thes. ii 326.32 (Hy. iv gl.). for bélaib a cind ┐ a tigernad, Alex. 274 . M. . . . fa chend ar clēirchib, ZCP viii 120.5 . na cinn clāena cin crābud `the wicked, impious chiefs', Ériu iii 30 § 8 . a cheann féin `his Master', PBocht 11.20 .

16 With follg. noun in gen. indicating category of persons: c.¤ bocht almoner (?), AU ii 32.4 . c.¤ cáid caillech n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . cend degban is deorad, SG 64.35 . c.¤ fedna see fedan. c.¤ fine head of family or clan: lochdach an Róisdeach achd ón chionn fhine, IGT Decl. 7.14 . da ch.¤ fhine ina ionad, AFM iv 1146.16 . i ndioghail a ccind ḟine, iii 404.z . i ndegaid in chinn manach the abbot, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . c.¤ in réclessa, Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 . c.¤ sluag fer Fáil, Trip.² 1793 v.l. Cf. also: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753 .

17 With follg. gen. of abstr.: c.¤ athchomairc see athchomarc. ar gceann bāidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cend cathaigthe as chalma ro bai do Leith Mogha battle-leader , RC xviii 11.24 . a Chind, coisc na crích (a chind coisc ?), Ériu vii 221 § 22 . nach ben forsa-mbe c.¤ comuirle (i.e. husband, Thurn.), ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . cend crabaid ermoir Erenn paragon of piety, RC xxvi 362.2 . gan chend cundraid na comairle rempo, LL 12344 (TBC). uair robesin cend gaili . . . sluaig, Cog. 194. 29 . c.¤ ecna . . . iartair domain, CS 320.9 . c.¤ cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . in bandea ingen Terrae cend scaílti scél in betha chief disseminator of news, LL 31001 (TTr.). a chend sochair slúaig Ulad chief benefactor, MU² 58 . In follg. perh. headquarters, centre : uail (= bhail) itā ceand in cogaidh, ZCP viii 115.18 . baili i mbai cend ídlachta ┐ druídechta na Héirenn, Trip.² 431 . flaitheas Dé is ceann chomhsanta dhúinne, Eochairsg. 98.25 ( end, goal ?).

IV Used in a wide variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

18 cinn at the end of (see 33, 40, 52) (ciunn, cinn, dative without preposition, GOI 537 ): cinn rehe gl. secundum hoc tempus, Wb. 4c11 . cinn blíadnae at the end of a year, Fél. Sept. 17 . cind .ix. mís, LU 1662 . cind in tres laí, 7977 (BDD). cind cethri ndíni `at the end of four genera- tions', Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . cind mile bliadan, Ériu ii 132 § 109 .

19 In phr. cinn chomair: nó huachiunn chomair gl. e rigione `or, from before', Ml. 119a9 (`von dem Anfang der Richtung', Ped. KZ xxxv 435 ). fri re mis cind comar, AU ii 88.x . Usually of place (see 28, 31): cinn chomair gl. contra (solem), BCr. 33c17 . for in phurt cind chomair dó `opposite to him', RC xiv 406.1 ( LL 12675 ). cind comair frissin ṁbeist n-amnais, LL 398b18 = cinnchomair, TTr.² 148 . i cinncomair friu opposite them, CCath. 5561 . ro badhusa cind comraic riusom, Acall. 6795 . Cf. i comair chind airtherthuascertaig, LL 3865 = hi comardus cind, etc., RC xv 283 § 29 .

Usually with prec. prep. In the follg. sections the arrangement is according to the preceding preposition, with which an adverbial in addition to a prepositional phrase is frequently formed. In a number of cases meanings under various prepositions coincide.

With A.

20 In sense of ós ciunn (60): asa chind guarding him, Metr. Dinds. iv 358.94 . ata M. . . . asa mo chind-sa oc fúr m'anma, PH 806 . batar a cind na cathrach who were over the city, 2488 . In diff. sense: as a cheann féin `of his own Head' (of his own accord), Donlevy 330.16 . The follg. are obscure (leg. ar for as in one or more of the exx. ?): cen ascur sáitha asa chiunn `without remission of tribulation from His presence(?)' (in store for him ?), Wb. 25d16 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a pardus dochum gortæ ┐ bochtæ . . . ┐ bais ┐ hifirn asa cind `thenceforth', Ériu vii 164 § 8 . ? gidh bé do cuir asa chionn `it matters not whom he drove from his head' (Notes), Duan. F. i 32.20 . Perh. in literal sense: in t-ēolus-[s]a rádi rimm, / ferr duit nā cloisti as do chínn, ZCP xiii 3 § 2 .

With AR (see also 42).

21 ar chenn with vbs. of motion towards, in the direction of, to meet (see 39, 45): ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara c.¤ `to meet them', Ml. 15c8 . condaáerset do failti ar ch.¤ a rríg to welcome their King, 46a12 . ara cénn gl. occurrentes, 60d5 . do-luid in biail arithissi ar ch.¤ inna samthige came back to the handle, Tur. 131 . techt ar ch.¤ Crist, Wb. 25d25 . co toracht Emain Macha ar cend Conchobair, LU 8073 ( FB 4 ). ní-s-cuirfind techta ar dho chend-sa, PH 450 . canat biet in alltair / ar ch.¤ clocáin don phroindtig at the sound of the refectory bell, Ériu iii 102 § 28 . gearr go dtiocfa teachtaire / . . . / ar do cheann, DDána 56.1 . docuaidh . . . arcinn na conuire a ticcidh aran sliabh `went to the road', ZCP vi 56.8 . Cf. airg ┐ áird-leasdair . . . do chomdhlúthúghadh ar cheann na céd aimsire do thairrngir D. . . . dhóib `against', ML 6.25 .

22 Of going to meet in battle: ara chend dait a Fergus, LU 6698 . rotbīa F. . . . ar ndul ar c[h]end ind ḟir ucut, TBC-I¹ 1247 (LU).

23 In sense of going or coming for, to fetch someth.: is ar ch.¤ focheda dodechommar `to meet suffering', Wb. 25a12 . tecat ar ch.¤ in chon co sochruid to fetch the hound, Sc.M² 4 . dula uaimm ar do chend-su to fetch you, PH 446 . teacht ar ceand cind duine isinn ārmuig, RC xxiv 58 § 18 . in lind ara tánac c.¤ the water for which thou camest, Ériu iv 106.7 . ? ochd bhféinnidhe as ḟearr a n-ágh / ar ceann t'éindighi d'fúarán, IGT Decl. ex. 1333 . socraiti do dol . . . ar cend artraige dochum Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 . Note also: do lleblaing int écne ara chend (ref. to ordnasc f.), TBFr. 208 , cf. Meyer Contribb., Fraech p. 35 .

24 In meanings of tar c.¤ (66-70) (confusion of prepp.): cuirtha cumtaige ara cend `buildings were overthrown', KMMisc. 152.62 . ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne, Anecd. i 42.9 . tagra . . . do thagras ar cheann Mumhan on behalf of, Content. xviii 12 .

25 ar chiunn of time in the future, afterwards, later : frisnaccai archiunn gl. ad aliquam rem, Ml. 53b23 . artha ciúnn són gl. in posteram, 132a3 (see note). ar chinn gl. adhuc, Wb. 2a9 . archiunn . . . diéis gl. siue ante seu retro, BCr. 31b4 - 5 . ar oman imtormaich ina pecad ar chiund future sins, Ériu xix 58 § 6 . in maith iar cind future good, LU 9889 (for ar ch.¤ ?). rogabsat flaith ar chiund from then on, ZCP viii 313.21 . doairchaintis . . . anno bíth ar chind dóib, Trip.² 327 . ? mod airchiund di lubair a disposition ready for work(?), Rawl. B 512, 40c (Plummer MS. notes).

26 ar chiunn as quasi-adj. of points of time next, following, ensuing (in later lang. somet. with (i)ar in this use): san aidhchi ar chínd, BB 39b6 . co belltaine ar cind, BColm. 92.2 . an bliadhain ar ccionn, Leb. Gab.(i) 56.4 . isin laithe ar ccind, 146.2 . In later lang. also as prep. with poss. in this sense: go medhōn oidhche buī ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 8.20 . go Bealltaine ar a gcionn till the following May, Keat. ii 3137 . See 38 .

27 ar chiunn in textual reff. below, in what follows; later, following : forsin canoin ar chiunn `on the following Scripture passage', Ml. 54c34 . trachtad . . . forsa nouit ar chiunn `on nouit that follows', 64a7 . in testimin ar chiunn `the following text', 104b3 . titul in dligid ar chinn, Wb. 10a12 . ata ní ar chiunn, Sg. 39b10 .

28 ar chiunn in front of, before (see 19): córus dúne ríg . . . ar chi[u]nn a thúaithe, Críth G. 566 `vis-à-vis', Vocab. bui siom oc huamim ara cind `before her', Mon. Tall. 149.18 . co nacca ara chind in fer, TBC-I¹ 448 . Cf. muir ara cendaib, in nem huasa ṁbennaib, 3006 . amail nobeith beo ar a chind as if he were alive in front of him, ACL iii 5.5 .

29 ar chiunn awaiting, ready for, in anticipation of (someone or someth. arriving): biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg gl. eliuamini, portae aeternales, Ml. 46a7 . ni farnic-sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . ar ar ciunn-[n]i `against our coming', 25a33 . anais ar cionn antsluaigh `waited for', Blathm. 102 § 41 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine ara cind `on their arrival', Mon. Tall. 162.30 . aínínbuidh na fuair acht triur ar a chinn thall isin fíne (of a man who has joined or rejoined the tribe from outside), Laws iv 294.26 Comm. ar cinn ṡamraid at the arrival of summer, ZCP vii 310 § 8 . dá rabh a Rí na glóire / . . . / do mhaor ar chionn na coinnmhe / liom if Thy steward receive the company, Dán Dé xiv 11 . ar cinn chamhárach before daybreak, IGT Decl. ex. 1195 . ar cinn in lae, Fier. 135 . With petrified masc. poss.: arna beith ar a chind `in her way', RC xi 452.2 , cf. Meyer Contribb.

30 ar chiunn of time in store for (see 51): a fil ar mo chiunn gl. ad destinatum, Wb. 24a15 . cén bes fine ar a cinn as long as he has descendants, Laws iv 240.19 Comm. a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn the destiny which awaits us, Ériu i 68.12 . fuair Poimp bas ┐ fuair cidh Cesair ara cind afterwards, CCath. 8308 .

31 ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn face to face, at grips (see 19, 54): atraig cach fer di alailiu . . . co m-bátar cind ar chind is taig, IT i 67 (LMU). fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud . . . cind ar cind, LU 2067 ( FA 14 , cf. RC xxvi 148 § 27 ). inn-uair dobímmis cind ar chind, RC vii 302.1 . as and baoi Laogh ┐ a brathoir ciond ar ciond, ZCP x 295.27 . cind ar cind fri Dunchad, Ériu v 242.153 .

With co.

32 co c.¤ to the end, to completion (see 43): berthi leiss co c.¤ gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ní dernad in cnocc co c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 44.79 . is co cend in cuidbiud the mockery has come to a head, Ériu i 118 § 10 . Cheville: céim co cend, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.9 .

33 co c.¤ with nouns indicating periods of time till the end of, for the duration of (see 18, 40, 52): co c.¤ blīadne, Thes. ii 319 ( Hy. ii 56 ). co c.¤ cairdi, Críth G. 366 . co cend trédenuis, PH 1859 . go ceann cóig n-aimsear, DDána 6.9 . go ceatra ceand[a] raithi `for four quarter-years', Magauran 804 . Note also: in fer co cind a chéli, MU² 991 `against', Gloss.

With DI and/or DO.

34 di chennaib of poetical composition appar. extemporaneously (see however Thurn. cited below and compare aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae, Corm. Y 756 , which may point to a ritualistic procedure of some kind): canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 . ailges do ceanduibh, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). dligedh do feghar saor daor do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 25.30 = fedhair .i. dorenar, ut est dliged dofedhar sóer, dóer dochennaib .i. continuo , O'Dav. 828 . do . . . suid filed for-can di c[h]ennaib `von (seinen Knochen-) Enden', ZCP xvi 175 § 4 ( Laws i 40 , co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42 Comm. ). is dochennaib . . . ro trial Dallán a duain do denum `extempore', RC xx 122.z (ACC). Also in phr. díchetal di chennaib, see díchetal. cetal do chendaib (a metre), IT iii 61 § 123 . See Ériu xlviii 45 .

35 intan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away', Ml. 21c3 .

36 di and/or do chiunn in return for, for the sake of, instead of, on condition of, because of, for , etc. (see 68): do chinn a mbíd, SR 3406 . do c[h]inn loghaidh `in return for remission of tribute', Ériu xvii 22 § 16 . dúais do chionn chomáoine a quid pro quo , KMMisc. 346.28 . sgēl do chinn chummaéine, Anecd. i 36.3 . dia chind an tsréin in return for the bridle, BColm. 38 § 40 . nech . . . do cathugud di chend Crist for, PH 789 . do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain 58.30 . berair-siu mac díachinn in its place, Cóir Anm. 133 . do chinn mo claidhem fen instead of my own sword, Fier. 60 . ragtais dia chind i comrac on his behalf, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.88 . do chionn a seachna `on condition of' (notes), Dán Dé x 12 . ró-mhór fuaramar d'a chionn too much we have got from it, Ériu i 96 § 52 . do chionn ubhaill, DDána 26.6 . do chionn an tshaoghail do thréigean through abandoning, Beatha S. F. 748 . dá chionn on that account, TSh. 1942 . do cind ced cennaighechta do denum in order to get leave, ZCP vi 90.15 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Ulliam Burc do chind luaigi in consideration of, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 .

37 Of soliciting or having intercourse with a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband, etc. (see 70): comrac frim dot chind-so, Fing. R. 114 `in disregard of', Vocab. ben-side Ch. . . . co rustoirrchestar E. do chind a cēile, Corp. Gen. 139.x . a breth di-a chind (another man's wife), PH 833 . luid . . . F. . . . do thochmarc a mnā do chind Oilella , Fianaig. 6.16 . docomraiced-som fria mnaib aili dia cind si in disregard of her, ZCP i 104.10 .

38 Various: cia ruslā dia c[h]ind . . . T. . . . is he rosla(n) dar a chend, ZCP xiii 7.24 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn(?), LU 6699 ( TBC-I¹ 2158 ). ar chuir dá ceann all he added to it(?) (cf. 48), DDána 91.14 . ó Inid go Cáisg dá gcionn till the following Easter (see 26), Aithd. D. 75.18 . ? nior cuir dha chionn do bhí ag Fionn, Duan. F. i 32.20 .

With FO.

39 fo ch.¤ towards, against, for (see 21, 45): teacht fam cheann `(to) attack me', Content. xviii 1 . éirghid fo cend mo c[h]reiche they go for my booty, ZCP viii 226.22 . Note also: gabh fád cheann mo chonmharccsa `take upon thee my quarrel(?)', Studies 1924, 243 § 12 .

40 Of time within, during (see 18, 33, 52): fo ch.¤ aimsire giorra at the end of a short time, Ériu v 188.456 . fo c.¤ begain aimsiri, Stair Erc. 258 . fo chionn dā lō go n-oidhche, Fl. Earls 10.16 .

41 fo ch.¤ (less freq. chiunn) about, concerning, with regard to, for the sake of, etc. (see 59): ? craed aderum focheann, YBL 149a4 . fuaire a chách a-taoi fám chionn towards me, Dánta Gr. 86.8 . fa a gcionn because of them, DDána 25a1 . déna . . . fá ch.¤ oirbire t'filedh `to thy poet's objurgation make concession', O'Gr. Cat. 402.20 . mar go bhfuair duadh ┐ doghruing fá a ceann `on her account', Keat. ii 2342 . ? alaind a dath / fa ceand na cuach, IGT Metr. Faults§ 68 .

With FOR.

42 for c.¤ , ciunn. Usually = ar ch.¤ , chiunn (21 ff.): an do lotar for cend conaire, Vita Br. 40 `as they were proceeding on their way', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 132 . dochuaid fóncaillid forcend chonnaid for firewood, RC ii 396 § 33 . ro-fhóidestar P. . . . gilla turusa for cend Ísu, PH 2602 . for bar cind, LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). doluid D. for cuinn (leg. ciunn) a sethar do ḟailte frie, Rawl. 134b1 . co tarrla in muir ina clár comréidh . . . for cinn in catha, CCath. 1927 . for a g-ceann awaiting them, ML 44.22 . gusin dia dardaoin buī dō for cionn `until the Thursday following', Fl. Earls 258.4 . Perh. for orig. tar c.¤ (68 ff.) in: du gabail rigi for ch.¤ á athar `in his father's stead', Ml. 44d29 . cach adaltrach do-t[h]et for ceand cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 (`in spite of', note p. 50) ( Laws ii 384.1 ). do accallaim Grigair for cend uird ┐ riagla, LU 3095 (fo ch.¤ ?).

With I.

43 beirid, do-beir i cinn finishes, completes (see 32): doberar opair i cind and sain, LL 32264 ( TTr. 1452 ). maine berthar i cinn, 400b18 . ? focal nāchar thuill a gciond (: rinn), ZCP viii 223.x .

44 do-tuit etc. ina ch.¤ falls down, topples (see 67): a toitim ina chend dorisi, TTebe 1669 . ag tuitim ina ccenduibh do bhedis colamhuin . . . na cathrach, Ériu iv 56.18 .

45 i c.¤ in contexts implying motion (us. with prec. vb.) to, in the direction of, towards, against (see 21, 39): na torcair nemh inna ccent `on them', Blathm. 68 . lotir remib hi cend in Brogo, LU 10575 . co torracht C. i c.¤ in droichit cucu, CCath. 1283 . ben sund i cend for máthar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6.55 . dorat . . . / Conall i cend Chonculaind matched C. against C., Metr. Dinds. iii 446.96 . ro cuired cach i ceann araili dona Romanchaib, CCath. 3159 . an uair chuirid i n-a chionn when they oppose him, DDána 96.33 . connsuine . . . do rachadh na cheann, mur atá so: slat ┐ dearg, slaitearg sin which would be assimilated to it, IGT Introd. 10.2 . do tuit an torc a cend a choss fell forward, BCC 324.30 .

46 i c.¤ with prec. vb. of motion and follg. Vn. etc. in g s. implying beginning or undertaking of an action: o dochotar . . . i c.¤ taispenta ind immuin do G., Lib. Hymn. 63.40 . do chuadar i cend a retha took to their heels, MR 318.4 . notheiged-som ┐ a gilla a cend bleogain na bo, Ériu v 34.22 . ná ragaind i ceand catha ina agaid, FDG² 465 . dochuaid i cend in sceoil (d'innisin, v.l.) `she went ahead with the tale', TTebe 1833 . T. . . . do dol a c.¤ oilithri, Ann. Conn. 1307.18 . lotar . . . i cend séta, TBC-LL¹ 451 . Note also: ra érig in fili ┐ do chúaid i n-a cend ┐ issed ro ráid, LL 39018 ( SG 385.34 `went to work'; `came to them', Stokes, RC xiii 107 ).

47 i c.¤, ciunn in addition to (see 63): foghellta ┐ bleth do dul ina ceand `shall be added', Laws iv 130.27 Comm. Matha a cind Crist ro scrib a shoscéla together with, LB 153a64 . ag flaith Li do chím 'na cheann / ní do gach tír 'na thimcheall also, Ériu v 64.15 . a cc.¤ gach sgéil eile dar innis doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 196.32 . a c.¤ a roibhi aigi, ZCP vi 51.10 . na c.¤ sin in addition, Maund. 15 . hi cc.¤ a chéle together, Hugh Roe² 40.13 .

48 cuirid i c.¤ adds to (see 38): cindus do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, PH 7730 . cuir 'na ceand, O'Gr. Cat. 311.9 . teine do cur a ceann teineadh making bad worse, 23 P 10 ³, 15a30 . Note also: ni fuair Fergus ríam ni do cuirfe a cend Modha do marbadh do Dubthach `anything to compare with the slaughter of M. by D.', Celt. Rev. ii 116.x .

49 i c.¤ in preference to: am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7​​​ . S. . . . do chor i tticcernus . . . hi ccend Ch., AFM iii 360.16 . taisech do denam doib do mac M. . . . ina c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1262.9 .

50 i ciunn at the head of for purpose of leading: m'anam-sa a Dhé mar budh dall / sé 's an chalann-sa 'n-a cionn, Dán Dé xxiii 13 . bi 'n-a cinn = ducas eum, Smaointe B. Chr. 1050 .

51 i ciunn in store for, destined (see 30): a-tá lá cúirte 'n-ar gcionn, DDána 23.29 . a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh his wrongdoings await every sinner (for punishment), Dán Dé vii 15 . i gc.¤ gach baíth a baegul, MR 286.21 . go bhfuil an bás . . . i gcionn gach aoin, TSh. 99 .

52 i ciunn of time at the end of (see 18, 33, 40): a cínd da bliadna onaímsir-si two years ago, RC x 186.1 . hi cind tredenais, ACL iii 309.10 . a cc.¤ a fhichet bliadhna da aois in the twentieth year of his age, Rel. Celt. ii 196.7 . a ccionn trí lá, Desid. 6345 .

53 Various: i mbun na gabla ro boí hi ciund tened over against, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). a cheann i cind tened, ZCP i 464.33 . gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin in possession of, ML 102.14 . mac S. a cind arrad at the head of nobles, Ériu v 244.194 . in cís d'ícc a cind chruid, LB 133b56 `in respect of', Todd Lect. vi 40.6 .

c.¤ i c.¤ (ceann a cceann is an exception to the rule that the same word may not be used more than once in a line, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.36 ). ? ceann a ceann, .c. o an doilgheas, 55.24 . Also cionn a ccionn (: fionn), 25.1 .

54 c.¤ i c.¤ = ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn (31): misi do cur c.¤ i cc.¤ / as Cuchulainn, TBC-LL¹ 3151 . cuirid c.¤ hi c.¤ , Fianaig. 60.27 . is and sin . . . do rancadar Leth Cuind ┐ Laigin ceand i cend, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . go g-cómhraiceam ceann a g-ceann, ML 82.25 .

55 c.¤ i c.¤ together; simultaneously : Conchabor, Aedh cend a cend `head to head' (of kings buried together), Ériu ii 166.47 . cia leitir sin c.¤ a c.¤ / dognīad lethfod is lethtenn, ZCP xii 295.8 . nocor thathaigh ceann i c.¤ / na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, xi 43 § 31 . cred dorad tu c.¤ a c.¤ / a comhaitreab na catcend?, KMMisc. 315.16 . trí Cormaic theas ceann i gceann / im an seang, DDána 91.33 . do dortsed fair cend i cend (of attackers), Ann. Conn. 1405.15 .

56 c.¤ i c.¤ successively (see Aithd. D. Vocab.): gan a ccloistecht cend i ccend / gabhāla airdrīogh [n]Ērenn, ZCP viii 218.30 . fiss gach catha c.¤ a ceand, Anecd. i 29 § 35 . rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann / is inghean airdrīgh Éireand point by point, KMMisc. 356.7 .

With IMM.

57 is fachain dá gcar um cheann to make them change their attitude(?), DDána 67.4 . (taken by Ed. as i and mo).

58 imm ch.¤ about, around : tarrassaid inn irgal im chend Connacht, LL 12308 (TBC). doiri crannrabhan mad cheann round thee, Magauran 436 . ní ráidhte um cheann gcomhóla during a drinking-bout, O'Hara 146 . radharc um cheann a calaidh `the sight of its shores' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 52.35 .

59 imm ch.¤ about, concerning, with regard to (see 41): rola B. . . . / ilach im cheand Feargaile (perh. in semi-literal sense), RC xxiv 54 § 14 . imcheand cach formaid bai etarru `for all the ill-feeling', Ériu ii 178.16 . an-scél . . . im-c.¤ deilbe . . . in-domain, RC xxiv 369.5 . t'fhearg . . . um cheann do chloinne, DDána 10.22 . um cheann craos-óil in the matter of, TSh. 7446 .

With ós (see 20).

60 ós chiunn (on as cionn beside ós chionn see Desid. p. xxxv ). In more or less literal sense: in tituil robói huas ciunn Crist isin chroich over Christ's head, Ml. 74b1 . ōs chinn sanct-Brigte, Thes. ii 329.2 ( Hy. v 15 ). Over, above: baí . . . ben . . . oc airiuc dont ṡluág os a cind, LL 259b15 . Cuncha cnoc os cind Life, ZCP xi 41 § 1 . nochtais . . . in claidheab os cind na hingeine, RC vi 175.30 . ós chionn mo leabhráin studying, Content. ii 14 . ōs a ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 66.15 .

61 With prec. vb. of motion: tānic . . . ōs ceann N. made for, Celtica i 116.118 . téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh I undertake to defend it, Content. xxi 12 .

62 in control of, in charge of: os chionn Bhanbha, Content. xxx 26 . sdiobhard ós ceann mhórāin maoine, Mac Aingil 568 . ōs cionn in cholāiste, Fl. Earls 68.25 .

63 over and above, in addition to (see 47): ós c.¤ fhichit each, AFM iv 1134.28 . faoi nó ós a chionn `or thereabouts', Corp. Astron. 4.12 . ōs a ch.¤ sin `besides', Fl. Earls 90.15 .

64 Note also: bun ós cionn `upside down', Psalms cxlvi 9 . más bun os cionn atá sé `if he haue any auersion', RSClára 155a . For fuller treatment see 1 bun.

65 With ré: ria cind tri trath in three days, RC xvii 386.2 .

With TAR (see also 24, 42).

66 fo-ceird etc. tar c.¤ (somet. with possess. before c.¤ ) overthrows, upsets, turns upside down : in cor tar c.¤ gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . gl. euertando, 72b12 . tochur tar c.¤ , Críth G. 233 . ro lá in slúag . . . tara cend, LU 9760 . fochichret in Trói dar cend, TTr.² 389 . ro-chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri, PH 4392 . is e ro-lá dar cend ar forcetul-ne subverted, 1686 . See fo-ceird. Cf. dos-curedar tara cend 'she collapses', CMMucr. 50 § 43 .

67 With do-tuit (see 44): co torchratar . . . dara c.¤ hi suan, ZCP iii 6 § 20 .

68 tar c.¤ on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, in lieu of, because of, for, etc. (see 36): dufiastar tara c.¤-som `punishment will be inflicted for them', Ml. 27c4 . deich tarm ch.¤ `take vengeance for me', 72d11 . no oircthe . . . tar c.¤ a p[ecthae] ind aile `for its sins', Tur. 110c . taiccéra cách dará chen fessin gl. pro sé, Wb. 6b28 . oc irbáig dar far c.¤-si gl. de uobis, 16d8 . ? mo ort do gabál darm ch.¤ `that my rank should be taken for me', 23b18 . a setig . . . do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom on her own behalf and his, Mon. Tall. 163.18 . dar cend na cāna in return for, Cáin Ad. 25 . ciata glinni con-daigi dar cend frithaisceda?, MU² 65 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach a hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . na feicheamna dara tecait cend, Laws iv 60.18 Comm. tarc.¤ gabhála aigi ┐ tacra tar a ch.¤ pleading in his behalf, CCath. 535 . díol tar ceann a chomaoineadh, Content. ix 25 . tar ceann do chloinne, Dán Dé xxviii 29 .

69 in spite of, in violation of; notwithstanding : ba holc lais dith Fergail darceand a shida, RC xxiv 64 § 25 . tar c.¤ Conoill, Duan. F. i 84.8 . tar a cheann sin nevertheless , Desid. 3220 .

70 Of begetting offspring by a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband (see 37): trī meic Medba fri Fergus dar c.¤ nAilella, Corp. Gen. 279.1933 . mac ruc don Dagda . . . / dar cend ḟir na síde, Metr. Dinds. iii 30.75 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria dar c.¤ Cathbaid, RC vi 175.51 .

71 As conj. tar c.¤ go notwithstanding the fact that, although : tar ceann go n-abair an Chóir Anmann gur . . . ní mheasaim gurab . . . , Keat. ii 2344 . tar cheann go n-anann tú feadh do bheathadh san olc, Mac Aingil 1040 . tar ceann gur shaoil . . . notwithstanding the fact that, TSh. 541 . tar cheann go bhfuil mórán etc. even though there are . . . , Párl. na mB. 461 .

Compds. (general composition-form in early lang. cenn-. Later also cinn- and ceinn- before palatals).

With nouns.

72 In dvandva-compds. (see Wortk. 130 ): bidh suī lēigind co cendanim head and soul, ACL iii 231.22 . cend-chossach head and feet (of cooked animal), Ériu iv 124 § 2 .

73 With c.¤ qualifying second member: cu nach fácbadh claidem ar cennadairt, Acall. 1632 = SG 129. 29 `pillow' ( -adart, BLism. 212 rb13) . Fig. cennadart fona fertaib inso, Thes. ii 332.27 ( Hy. v 23 gl .). Of a person: O'M. a cceann adhart, Top. Poems 58.18 . oenball dia curp nó da cendagaid `countenance', CCath. 4700 . gráin catha ar mo cheannaghaidh (sic leg.), Content. xxiii 15 . tria cendairde no tria cendísli doníther in taidbhriudh anuasan, O'D. 908 (H. 3.17, 649) = O'Curry 2164 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)d ) (see O'Gr. Cat. 139 ). cennait muilind `the head (site) of a mill', Ériu xvii 76.10 . cennáit `head residence', AFM v 2082.2 . ? Cf. an chríoch nó an cionnaidh is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1775 (chianáit, v.l., Gloss.). ar Chrīst ar cennabaid chief lord, ZCP viii 214.6 . do ghabh clogat . . . fa n-a cheann-bhaithios `head', MR xiv 21 . ¤barr see cen(n)barr. ¤bécc see cennbécc. ¤bert see ceinnbeirt. cennbhile oir na n-ardriog (a prince), LL 394.8 . bheith dheit ad chinnbhile ós coill, O'Gr. Cat. 381.22 . súdh ceannbhracha `malt liquor', O'Hara 4076 . in Cennc[h]at[h]ach ina laimh .i. a bachall, Lism. L. 3103 . ¤chléithe = cenn: scothais a chenn clēithi de, ZCP viii 117 § 12 . ní chuirthear ceannchnaipe óir ar phaidrín mhaide, Mac Aingil 1041 `Pater Noster bead(?)', Gloss. lom[r]aid a cendchongraim din mnái headdress, Hib. Min. 77.9 . ceann cosnamach comegin C. `violent groans', MR 260.6 (leg. ¤osnadach ?). for cenn-cumhdach a choroine ` head-covering ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 62 . capitolauium .i. cenddīunach, Corm. Y 296 . cend-drong filed fó fírda, Metr. Dinds. i 36.93 . inceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. 82 . donchendfiacail gl. capitali, 134 . ¤ḟochrus see cennḟochrus. cenngalor (in marg. dolor capitis), Wb. 17b25 . Vita Br. 28 . dia ro h-icad don cheann-galar, YBL 174b23 . ? ni tormaig ni fora notrus . . . a cendgelt, Ériu xii 40 § 51 ; 'tonsure' ZCP xlii 48 . caeca echlosc orda co cendimlaib airgid, IT ii2 191.14 (cennpairtib, v.l.) `end knobs'? Plummer MS notes. ¤ísle see cendairde. ¤lá see cennlá. ¤liter capital letter. Usually metaph. of persons and things: cinn-litre ceall `the capitals of the churches', Content. xv 30 , cf. xviii 73 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre, Ériu v 60.4 . ceinnlitir siodha ┐ coccaidh `arbiter', AFM iv 976.3 . snímcha cendmaisse `head- dress', Tec. Corm. xvi 84 . cendmaisse laime glove, Acall. 5971 v.l. ¤míl name of an ornament: coíca acrann . . . co cendmílaib, TBFr. 31 . fuath . . . [na] cendmila tucsat a coscar catha, Aen. 1563 . Of persons: Ísa Críst . . . in cennmíl cumdachta, ZCP viii 204.34 . ní ba cendmíl muinntiri / nech nach fulaing a hécnach, iv 468 § 17 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 . brat tlachtgorm corcarrda hi cennfait impe (i.e. thrown over her head?) (cennḟait, MS), TBC-I¹ 2791 . cendpaite imma cenna `fillets', RC ix 484 n.5 . cinnréallna `stars of first magnitude', Ó Bruad. iii 14.7 . cend-róit `highway', CRR 28 . (Auricula Muris) ceinn-sgethrach do ghenam dhe, ┐ glanaidh an inchinn o na salcar, 23 K 42, 367.5 (see sceithrech). fá cheannsmacht, Oss. iv 274.24 . ` paitric' cennsrián, Metr. Gl. 19 `headstall', Plummer MS notes. dotuit ar a cenntruime topheaviness, O'Dav. 200 . cenntruime .i. gin collad, O'Curry 2598 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). cend-urra a slánaigthe `Captain', Heb. ii 10 .

With adjectives.

74 C. chendalaind, ZCP xi 41 § 5 . cendard cassetnach, IT iii 246.80 . dá ech . . . cendbeca, LU 9257 . na dá chendbricc 'the two piebald-headed ones' TBC-LL² 1086 . cnā ceand-buidhi, ZCP v 22 § 16 . tre cnoccuibh corra cenncæla, ZCP vi 290.22 . ic imbirt fidchilli .i. na Cendchaeme (as subst.), LL 8350 (TBC). ingena cendálli cendchassa curly-headed, 31382 (TTr.). do innsaighi cnuic cennchuirr, ZCP vi 60.12 . cendchrom torsech, LL 12064 (TBC). ¤étig freq. as n. pr., see Corp. Gen. etc. trian a scéith chendfhada comdhualaig, ZCP xiii 211.11 . ar coiciud cendḟind Connacht, LL 3224 . See cenann. cheillínill / ceandfolaim, IT iii 92 § 139 . an fer cendgarb, i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). cairrge ceann-gharbha, ML 34.4 . cranngal cheinngér, IGT Decl. ex. 905 . Eoghan an airm cheannghlais, DDána 99.40 . ar taisbenad a craisigi cenn-guirme catha, MR 196.5 . ¤grúcánach see grúcánach. a muinter . . . cendísel Corccaige `hang-head', MacCongl. 29.22 . arocul becc . . . cendisel low-pitched, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 ( LB 134a35 ). laech caem cendlethan, LL 11824 (TBC). cofacca . . . in deilb . . . cennléith, Ériu iv 102.12 . ocbud . . . chendmas, Anecd. i 60.88 . a dhá chraoisigh ceann-reamhra, ML 112.21 . ar ná ba cennscoilte `lest you get your head broken', Tec. Corm. 38.26 . Cuirrín Cheannsholuis, ML 32.18 . dia sephaind céis cenntoll céol, ZCP iii 7.2 . ¤tromm see cenntromm.

Rarely with verbs:

75 ceannlasfaidh a cró coirrshleagh (of warriors), Aithd. D. 16.28 . gu cennlúbdais na clocha na caolsoighdi the stones turned the points of the arrows, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.6 .

Freq. as second element in compds.

76 See GOI 219 (nochtchenn, ardchenn). Freq. in this use in form -genn, see GOI 87 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 . See cloicenn, cromcenn, corrcenn, 1 dícenn, táilgenn, tollcend (1 toll). Note further: crothid conchend catha ceirp, LU 3629 ( SCC 31 , see note in SC2). teiti tair fo thalmain trell / i nEgiptacthaib láncend (the Nile), LL 16325 . m. Fiachach Uanchind, Corp. Gen. 88.7 . Baccan mac Brain meic Eircc hUbulchind, Rawl. 126b43 .

77 Very freq. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

Dorbéne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dorbéne or dil.ie/18290

Forms: Dorbbeneo, Dorbeni, Dorbeni

n.pr. io, m. (dorb?) name of scribe of Codex Adamn., Abbot of Iona 713. Latinized pro me Dorbbeneo . . . deprecetur , Thes. ii 280.47 . Dorbeni Kathedram Iae obtinuit et obiit , AU 712 . Dorbeni (abbas Iae , superscr.), LL 364g41 . Dorbene seng, Gorm. Oct. 28 (.i. abb Iae Coluim cille). Dorbene fada mac Altaine abb Ia Coluim Cille, Mart. Don. Oct. 28 . S. Dorbaine Foda abb Iae décc 28 dOctober, AFM 713 . gen. Faelchu mac Dorbeni Kathedram Columbae suscepit , AU 715 . F. mac Dorbeni abbas Iae dormivit , 723 . Cf. m. Oilella (?) Doirbine, BB 117b51 .

3 dúil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 dúil or dil.ie/19091
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dul, duil, Duil

n i, f. Usually transld. book: dul, duil a book, a codex , O'Don. Suppl. ; but seems rather applied to certain accepted or authorized lists or compilations (poetic glossaries, rhymes, kennings, genealogies) of pre-Christian origin, which were no doubt in early times memorized and handed down verbally and some of which were known by special names (see below). duil .i. lebur, O'Dav. 601 . ? áiliu dáilemain dúilib dligid 'I pray for the cupbearer with books of law', Éigse xxxvii 77 § 6 . Cf. duil .i. sluinne[d] ut est ailiu Duilem duilib dligid I entreat the Creator by the pronouncements of the Law (?), O'Dav. 667 . duili sluinnti ┐ duile feda (both allowed by S. Patrick), Laws i 44 . ar teora ferba tic so, má's fir don duil a roib `if it be true for the book in which it occurs', 68 . rofoghluimset na hingina fessa ┐ duile ┐ amaidecht (.i. glicus), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15 ( H 3.18 601 ). duili bélrai sicut est Duil Dromma Cett, IT iii 50 . dúile feda collections of letters (? = words) CMCS xv 9 (1 dúil?): sé duili feda (part of the 10th year's course of instruction for a bard), IT iii 54 (where specimens are given). tri choecat ogham ┐ na rēmenna ┐ na duile feda (subjects comprised under the head `gramadach'), Lec. 55a35 . slisnige is dúle feda, | áera rúne romera `books of lore', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . incipit do duilib feda na forfid lasin filid (beginning of a list of words containing Ogham diphthongs), Auraic. 5417 . anmand fid . . . amail fogabar isna duilibh feda inn-ogaim, 1199 . d.¤ sloinnte genealogical line or list: coimgne co laega laidib la genelaigib co nduilib slointib .i. genelach fer nErind, Lec. 339a9 . Oft. prefixed to geneal. lists: incipit duili sluinti na ngenelacha, Rawl. 148b30 . duil laech-ṡluinte Lagen inso sís, 128a52 . duil tsloinnti o Laidgenn m. Baircheda, LL 387a31 . isin duil sluinti Laigen, BB 369a19 . duile sloindte na nDeisi annso, 149e4 . duilti (sic) sloindti na ngenelach, 173b10 . duilti sloindti na nGaedel, Lec. 408a21 . slicht duili Flainn Dúine Gemin sunn, Harl. 5280, 45a . Certain `dúile' were distinguished by names: the D.¤ Dromma Ceta (a glossary still extant, see ACL iii 141 ), IT iii 50 (see above). D.¤ Feda mair .i. nomen libri , H 3.18, 520 . is ainm do rig isin Duil Feda Mair, Corm. Y 209 (Clithar Set), see also 257 (Calpdae), 1171 (Segon), and 1197 (Sethar). isin Duil Fedha Mair, O'Dav. 369 , 1286 . isin Duil Feada Mair, ACL iii 247 . Dúil Laithne `Liber Latiniensis', Goid. 75 ff . D. Roscadh (compiled by Cendfaelad m. Oilella ), Laws iii 550 . Duil (dúil, LB) Roscadach, Corm. Y 859 ; O'Dav. 896 . Duil R., 458 , 664 .

2 fidba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fidba or dil.ie/22006
Last Revised: 2013

n some kind of malefic spell or sorcery; destruction (?): fí ... .i. neim. unde fidbae .i. fithnaisi, O'Mulc. 534 . fidba .i. neim nech rogab credbad, 598 . Cf. cēne snigess snechta finn | f.¤ for lind latha lais ib. 110 (?). fiacal fidbai a tooth of venom (or destruction Ériu l 185 ) (?) in the head of Ailill Aulomm wherewith he bit Lugaid MacCon in the cheek, a presage of the latter's death, Lugaid being killed shortly after by Ferchess with an enchanted spear: rotbí fiacail fidbui `a poisonous tooth has wounded thee' Fianaig. 36.16 . donaidli fiacail fidbai, ZCP xiii 375.15 . xx 222 ( B. in Scáil § 12 ) = dianaitbi fiacail fidbi, ZCP iii 461.20 . don-airraill ... co fíacail fidba robúi ina chind ina leccoin RC xiii 464.2 . ro[t]geguin fiacail fidbúi ib. 6 . dobhoí in fiacail fidba (.i. neime) a cinn Oilella , Cóir Anm. 41 . Cf. d'fidbadaib neime, CCath. 4981 ?

Possibly identical with 1 fidba.

3 gairid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 gairid or dil.ie/25237
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: rogart, rogartatar, gēra

v pres. 1 s. gairu gl. blatero , ZCP xxi 281 . t-pret. and ē-fut. in early Mid. I. Pret. 3 s. rogart, SR 1181 . 3 p. rogartatar, 3769 . Fut. 3 s. gēra, TBC-LL¹ 3261.

I Intrans.

(a) calls, cries out: co n-gairet ocus co n-grechat, IT i 191.22 . cuairt insin frisi ngaire tenedmhuir, Ériu ii 122.y . rogart ind nathir im-maig, SR 1181 . ro-gart Petar, PH 1890 . garthais ┐ gréchais Cuch., TBC-LL¹ (St.) 3893 , 3900 , 3917 . garthis Laeg, FB 40 (Eg.). áth fors ṅ-gera in badb on which the B. will cry, 3261 . garfit ili Elga, CRR § 6 ; ib. § 25 . gairfitit, grēchfaidit (sic leg.), ZCP viii 212 § 62 . rogair ┐ rograin uas na longportaib, TTebe 1366 . rogairedur de do gach leith, ZCP xiii 213.2 . Goir anois ma tá duine ar bith fhreigeorus tú, Job v 1 . Of birds: tri bile. ... dia ngair in énlaith, LU 3696 ( SCC 496 ). in t-en gaireas isin t-ṡail, MacCarthy 130.27 = IT iii 19.15 . riasiu gaires in cailech, SR 7724 . PH 3194 . co rogaire gairm ... in cailech, Ériu iii 198.2 .

(b) With ar (for) calls on, calls to, invokes: rogairsit fair, ZCP xiii 207.1 . rogair in glas-muir ar in nglan-sluag, BB 240b36 . do ghoir orra ┐ adubhairt riú toirling, TSh. 3085 . ionas go ngoirmís ar chongnamh Dé, Ó Héodhusa 81.

(c) With cog. acc.: rogairsit a caismerta catha, Marco P. § 33 . doghoirettar comairc ar in Ticcerna, BNnÉ 66 . TBC-I¹ 1922.

II Trans.

(a) calls, summons, invites: cia dom-gair, RC iii 346.31 . tu-sa ... not-gairther o diabul, PH 1818 . gairthir dam-sa ... bar ndrúidi, Ériu iii 140.171 . garthi-si na deoa sin you invoke those gods, Alex. 905 . co rogairestar a n-ainimm ... chuice as a corpaib, PH 1010 . rogartatar leo dia taig | Moise they invited, SR 3769 . rogoiredh L. i pupaill Oilella , TBC-LL¹ 2224 . ragairit dei ┐ bandéi ... cuicci, TTebe 1742 . mad oen fecht tra no-m-gairfea, ni fhrecer-sa dó, PH 1496 . calls forth: ro-t-gaired-su ... tria format in-agaid na foirne-si, PH 1791 . má tá nár ghaireas do ghrúig if thy frown I did not call forth, Ó Bruad. ii 132.9 . g.¤ ar ais revokes, annuls: gé go roibhi toirmiosg ón egluis do goiredh sin ar ais le comairle C., Mac Aingil 4512 .

(b) names (gen. with de): o na lágnib-sin ille | rogairit Lagin Láigne, Metr. Dinds. ii 50.21 . Domnaind dogairdis riam, O'Mulc. 779 . gairit in Fesda Gel de, Marco P. 87 . gae ... dar ghoiristair fein gae ind áird-righ, BNnÉ 321 § 26 . rogart Adam ainm diamac, SR 1909 . bid Óen-gus mac Óc a ainm | cipé gaires de gairm grind `whosoever would call him a pleasant name' (possibly, however, `gairm grind' is a cheville), Ériu vii 224 § 38 ( LL 209a3 ). dogairtea Deimne Mael de, RC v 199.17 . rogaired de-seom Mug Nuadat, ZCP viii 303.20 . ainm fola goirfither de, 109.21 . roghoir sé treturaigh ... fhallsa din, vi 41.7 . luaithreadh an chroinn dá ngoirthear iuniper, TSh. 384 . goirthear clann Dé dhīnn, 4772 . gairthior díom Crosán Í Ch., TD 34.24 . ní dé sin ... goirthear rí go bhfreasabhra, Content. vi 138.

(c) inaugurates, proclaims (a king, etc.): fer t'inaidh goires gairm ríg Temrach, BColm. 72 . Brian ┐ clann nDonnchaidh roghoirset an ghairm righ si do Ch., AFM iv 792.10 . 'san gcathaoir ina ngairthear rí Sacsan, Keat. i 208.85 . issé Torrdelbach ... cedMac Suibne do gair O D. riam, L. Chl. S. 50.4 . do goiretar Mac Suibne do Domnall occ, 70.15 . Vn. gairm, q.v.

imscing, imsceng

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imscing, imsceng or dil.ie/28082
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: imscingi, imscinge, imscingib

n n s. imscing nglan, Ériu xxi 154 § 28 (cheville). g s. imscingi, TTr.² 1845. a p. imscinge, MacCongl. 47.6 . d p. imscingib, TTebe 462 .

(a) bedroom; apartment, enclosure, pavilion, court: i.¤ .i. tech becc a talla imdae, Corm. Y 790. imsceng .i. both bec imma timchellae imdae, 1151 . isinn i.¤ gl. praetorio, Rawl. B 512, fo. 72d (<Plummer MS. notes). i.¤ .i. teagh beag a dtuilleann leaba no ina mbí leaba, O'Cl. imsceng Fiadat ... amal phupall, ZCP xi 110 § 33. oc ól meda ... isin i.¤ ar [a f(?)]aithchi, Ériu viii 157.12 . lotar do indsi ... i fairneacdar i.¤ n-ochradh (leg. n-ac[c]rad) atreab nglesse, Anecd. i 56 § 50 . as in i.¤ .i. as in garrda rigda, PH 3293. racumtaiged i.¤ rígda lais i mmedón na cathrach, TTr. 731. dochum denna ┐ rigimscingi ┐ rígpheláti Príaim, TTr.² 1845. ro cúmdacht ... in i.¤ ┐ in arocuil ┐ in luic rigda ... o mairgretaib `bedroom,' Alex. 589. i rīg-i.¤ mōir medōnaig in dūnaid `in the large central royal pavilion of the fort,' MacCongl. 103.23 .

(b) a bed, couch: i.¤ linanairt gil co ndelbaib ingantachaib fri fraigid and, IT iii 492.407 . 'na i.¤ .i. 'na lebaigh (B. na f.), ZCP v 488 § 8. i.¤ bic (mbicc v.l.) .i. biim i llepaid immalle fri ríg, RC xxvi 22 § 65. tanic Cāthal mac Finguine co mbúidnib ... fer Muman co n-dessitar for colbadu ┐ imscinge ┐ imdadu `on bed-rails and couches and beds,' MacCongl. 47.6 .

(c) a covering, wrap, garment: re dergud imdad do pellaib cimsacha ... ┐ d'imscingib ailli orda ┐ do chearchaillib, TTebe 462 . doratt araile maigdin i.¤ do línanair[t] laingil cuigi, D IV 2, 79vb24 . rogab Lainsaloid and i.¤ roinnig (?) (last word indistinct in MS.) no bith uimbe fri fulung fhochaidi ┐ dubrudar lucht in caisteil ris nach roibi achan (? fochann) do in edach pennaidi sin do gabail uimbe a garment of haircloth ?, 79vb18 .

(d) a diadem (see RC xliv 370 ff .): ro gabhsomh ediudh Oilella ┐ imsgincc ordha uime (= foruirmiset muinter Ailella a mind ríg for Tamun, LU 6670 ), TBC-LL¹ p. 409 n. 11 . faítsetar fir hErend étgud Ailella ┐ a i.¤ n-orda immon corthe, TBC-LL¹ 4440. gab in n-erriud rígdaide imme ┐ in n-imsciṅg n-órda (cor gaibib (sic) Mane for a chend in mind v.l.), 4452 . claideb co truaill ḟéta ... findruine co ṅ-i.¤ airgdide co cumtuch órda, LL 189b14 .

ind-sói

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ind-sói or dil.ie/28548
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: insoe, in-soet, insuet, indta, indó, indtōadar, intatur, indtaiges, inntóbadh, n-inntóchadais, indtuigh, intód

v indic. pres. s. 3 insoe, SR 2077. p. 3 in-soet ( insuet , v.l.), ZCP xi 97 § 61. pret. s. 3 ro indta , MR 180.16 . do indó , RC xvii 155.9 . p. 3 do indtōadar , CCellaig 61 . do intatur , Ann. Conn. 1225 § 4. Later treated as i- stem : indic. pres. s. rel. indtaiges, RC xlix 9. 7 . sec. fut. s. 3 nach inntóbadh , Celt. Rev. iv 120.8 . p. 3 dá n-inntóchadais , Caithr. Thoirdh. 137.3 . pret. s. 3 ro indtuigh , ZCP xiii 207.2 . Vn. intód.

(a) turns, returns. (intrans. and trans.) : atraig Eua, insoe for lar, SR 2077. ro indtuigh Núada co dāna ... friu, ZCP xiii 207.2 . ro innta uaithib d'innsaigidh Uladh, MR 178.14 . do indtōadar ... ┐ do chrithnaigedar dochum a c[h]ēli ┐ tucad cath Slicig eatorra, CCellaig 61 . co nach raibe fer ... nách do inntó a craide ... d'fír-dígail Oilella `whose heart was not bent on ...,' Celt. Rev. iv 204.13 . is ed is tosach don parocsismus an tan indtaiges an tes on craidhi cum na mball forimeallach, RC xlix 9.7 . iontōigheas Díorraing mur a raibhe Fionn returned, Feis Tighe Chonáin 55. do inntótar-san ... a n-agaid risin rígiarla had turned their faces towards the earl, Caithr. Thoirdh. 49.28 . acht a mbeith ar a chomairce féin dá n-inntóchadais ris `would they now turn and be with him,' 137.3 . do inntótar uile a n-aighthe i n-énfecht ar a ndúthaig féin, 46.6 . do bui aca a n-urdálta nach inntóbadh cechtar dib don deabaid that neither of them would return (i.e. escape) from the encounter, Celt. Rev. iv 120.8 .

(b) Fig. turns aside (from allegiance) : flaith congbāla co slōgaib dianechtair, in-soet (insuet, innsaighed, v.ll.) a slōig side, ZCP xi 97 § 61.

(c) Of being converted to the faith, trans. and intrans. : do indto se cum creidme, RC xvii 154.23 . inntóbaidh mórán ... cum an Coimdidh tremhit 'he will thereby convert many ... to the Lord', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 193 § 41.1 . ionntoidh me, a thigherna, Parrth. Anma 345.1 .

(d) translates: co ro inta canóin pedrelge ... isin berla Grecdai, BB 487b25 .

Cf. also in(d)sathar.

léibenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léibenn or dil.ie/29760
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: leibenna

n o, m.; cf. also d s. úas an lebind, Anecd. i 58 § 71. fá a léibhinn ghlais úir, Measgra D. 45.4 . n pl. leibenna, CCath. 5349. MR 236.18 (perh. from a pl.).

Level (unbroken) surface or expanse .

(a) Of a country, territory: lád chúaird nÉrenn . . . dar lébenn Cuind Chétchathaig, Ériu iv 96 § 21 . clárbruig Herend . . . / ba léibend co n-irbaid áig, LL 6139 (but these lines do not in fact belong together, see n. 0 ). léibheann na leachtmhagh n-a láimh, Magauran 213 . léibheann lasrach (of Ireland), 3345 .

(b) Of features of a city or house, open level space, terrace, platform, dais: hi cūaird na mmūr . . . / i mmedōn na prīm-chathrach, / lēbinn glainidi glórdai, SR 475 . lebend . . . ┐ fond iníchtarach na cathrach, LU 2038 ( FA 11 ). Conall Cruachna in clair-leibind (: Fhēilim) `terraced', Metr. Dinds. iii 356.22 . bat lanri Erend . . . / na cleacht do lebend do Lurc / . . . / na leic cnoc Cairmaic do Curc (i.e. do not allow L. to frequent Tara?), Cog. 124.14 . i llebendaib glainedaib ┐ aurdrochtib dergoir, MacCarthy 40.y . in tech . . . / a leibend do gruth is d'imm, MacCongl. 67.23 . for lebeunn in tige coittcenn `platform', MacCarthy 16.3 . From description of a castle: san léibheann chas chlár, DDána 119.10 . teagh lán na léibheann nuaghlan, Aithd. D. 88.26 . indalleis būi for leblaing (leg. lébunn?) A., ZCP vi 260.9 .

(c) threshing-floor: tocuirid leibind .i. tabairt do neoch anba asinni tinoilter don lebund, CIH i 242.19, i 242.38 . Cf. inis aile . . . / muilend indti, tailc a apae, granda a leibeand, Anecd. i 58 § 70.

(d) Of the surface of the sea: rígféil Brénainn Biroir, / fris ṁbruchta leir lébenn (: ṅÉrenn), Fél. Nov. 29 . ri Laigen co lir lēbenn, Bruchst. i 51 § 113 (`bis an die Meeresestrade'). léibenn na haibéise aidble, SG 344.15 . gurbo lēibenn cobsaid an cuan ar ciūnachad, ML² 716.

(e) bank: gurbo lēibenn grānna gerānach ar aillib ┐ ar imdoimnib an aigēin a gainemh ┐ a grain-turrscur ō īchtar go [h]uachtar, ML² 701.

(f) Fig. of an unbroken platform or protective array, (i) of shields, testudo; also of armour, weapons: bar lebennaib scíath as (= ós) guallib feróclách, TBC-LL¹ 2745 . doringintea lebend sciath imbe, LL 13922 . lebhenn lainderdha do chruindsciathaibh, Hugh Roe² 152.18 . ina leibenn luirech, MR 216.8 . lebenn sesmhach seicrighin sleagh, ZCP xiv 254.13 . do rinnetar leibenn lethann loirg-remar . . . a timcell Oilella . . . d'a anacal, Celt. Rev. iv 12.9 . a bhfál craoiseach go gceo chródhonn / leo 'na léibheann, DDána 111.17 . an leibhenn sciath ┐ cathbarr, Hugh Roe² 174.28 . (ii) Of ships : déntar leibhenna da bhar lonccaibh . . . ┐ cengailter slios gach luinge d'a chéile, ITS v 122.7 . Cf. 154.15 . lán an tsiuil ga léibheann long, Aithd. D. 38.20 . Cf. Irish Texts ii 59 § 16 . l.¤ bhárc, IGT Decl. ex. 401 . léibhionn long, SGS iv 140 § 9. (iii) Of fighting men, rank, phalanx : gurbo lēibenn fosta fuirmithi na firu, ML² 1193 . ar léibheann bhfíochmhar bhféinneadh, DDána 92.24 . i dtosach na léibheann léidmheach láidir, Hackett xl 136 . an uair is léir a léibhionn eagartha, Ó Bruad. iii 132.9 . Of the close ranks of the slain: le leithne na leibheann ┐ le fairsinge na feóléadála, ML 130.22 . ?na leic lonna lebend leat `a coward in the field,' Cog. 120.x .

Compd. ¤long: i léibheannlongaibh, DDána 89.12 .

2 lorg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lorg or dil.ie/30683
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: lorc, lorg, lorg

n ā, f. but d s. lorc dromma, Ml. 51a8 . a s. lorg catha, Todd Nenn. 184.4 . lorg f., IGT Decl. § 158.

(a) staff, stick; rod or wand of office: lorc isind laim aili is samlid insin imme[t]ét . . . int ais lósc, Ml. 45c9 . dobert-side in loirc do bai 'na laim do (a king's sceptre?), Ériu v 36.22 . rechtaire teghlaig C. . . . Isí a lorc teglaig fail úasa, BDD² 800 ( LU 7186 ). slicht a luirge ina diaid, Triads 103 . ba híat a slegha ba lorga fosaighthi doibh `props', CCath. 2312 . a llorga ┐ a mbachla ina lámaib, PH 5103 . beir mo luirg [fessin] lat . . . ┐ rega gach conair bus ail duit, 2232 . rogerr a slegh ┐ dorindi l.¤ di (of a warrior turning pilgrim), ZCP vi 84.32 . an l.¤ no an baitín do bí n-a laimh (of Colum Cille), xi 142.33 . . . . mic Flaithbhertaigh an trostáin .i. a l.¤ Rómha (i.e. a pilgrim's staff), L. Cl. A. B. 3.9 . na daine . . . threigis an saeghal uile, ┐ gabus sgriptha ┐ l.¤ do ghradh Dia (virga). Smaointe B. Chr. 6071 . colg ara clúimh / sa l.¤ na láimh (of a dead pig, because he was setting out like a pilgrim on his last journey?), Irish Texts i 31.47 . l.¤ dromma the spine : hó lorc dromma [nō] delc gl. spina, Ml. 51a8 (see Études Celt. xl 65 ). na lorgdromma gl. spinas (? leg. lorg[a] d.), Gild. Lor. 169.

Used in some kind of proof or ordeal for determining the paternity of children of madwomen who have not been affiliated during the lifetime of the (putative) father: meic na mban mear so ┐ nucur astadh iat i mbeathaidh a n-athar, ┐ isedh dlegar dib a n-astudh ar a ligi (= luigi) go loirg no go mbreithir no go sulgnais, O'Curry 2295 ( Rawl. B 506, 28 ). tri fira is luga a fenechas .i. l.¤ ┐ briathar ┐ sulgnais .i. a l.¤ on mir gan urlabra, a briathar on mir co n-urlabra, a sulgnais on ciall maith gin urlabra, O'Curry 603 ( H 3.18, 295 ) = Cóic Con. 42 § 63 (`Spur'). a mhiond loirge mar luighe / gu ngoirge Ḟinn ḟalmuire, IGT Decl. ex. 2021.

(b) club, cudgel : l.¤ gl. claua, Ir. Gl. 52 . l.¤ .i. lúi airg .i. lāich í, Corm. Y 805. quia regem laginensium occidit .i. din tomad tuc fair dia luircc, Fél.² clxx 2 . .ix. slabrad iairn a cind cacha luirgi, BDD² 1280 . co trí lorggaib íarnaidib ina lámaib clí, MU² 775 . ethaid in luirg n-āairn ro bae triasin slabraid iron bar, Otia ii 86.16 . nir bo sop i n-inad largi [sen], Cog. 100.23 (of Brían Bóruma, a proverbial phrase). fuaim luirgi re luirigh, CCath. 6078 . gona ruibhne rena ghualainn / gona luirg fa luath a ngoil, ML 20.26 .

l.¤ áne hurley: tíagait tri coecait mac leis cona lorcaib áni, LU 5907 . a bunsach ┐ a l.¤ áne, 4868 . focherdat dano an tri .lll. lórg ána fair, 4877 . turcbaid . . . a oenluirg n-ániusa ┐ dícuris na trí coicait l.¤ , 914 . Without áne: bla liathroide l.¤ ┐ poll ┐ log . . . donti buailis in liathroid da luirg, Laws iii 554.3 - 4 (Text and Comm.). focheirdseom ūad a līathrōit ┐ a lloirc, TBC-I¹ 523.

l.¤ anfaid (anfad fury): atchíu fer chucund . . . l.¤ anfaid inna láim. Calg dét fóa choim (of Mac Roth), LU 5595 ( lorc anfaith, TBC-I¹ 1112 ). co táinic in Dagdha ┐ a lorg anfaidh 'na laim, Metr. Dinds. iv 294.20 (cf. ZCP iii 240 § 34 ). Cf. lorg adúathmar íarnaidi 'na láim, cend anbthen fhurri ┐ cend álgen . . . fuirmid in cend n-anbthen for cendar na nónbor condas-marband . . . Fuirmid in cend álgen forru condas-bethaigend, MU² 628.

(c) handle or shaft of an implement, etc.: for teora[ib] lorggaib a[i]thich—lorgg ḟorcha, lorgg ṡamthaige, lorgg rám(m)ai, Críth G. 531.2 . co na fuil aici acht rigi na tri larg; l.¤ a suisti, ┐ l.¤ a bela ┐ l.¤ a fidba (of an aithech), Laws iii 106. 14.15 Comm . caire cona inbiur(b) cona lorggaib, Críth G. 174 . a lorga maela (of hurleys), Ériu v 28.17 . tócbais a thēig libair for a luirg isin fraigid `on the peg in the wall', MacCongl. 11.27 .

(d) the membrum virile : secht nartim ina luirg (of Fergus mac Roig), Ériu iv 26.11 . tintā Fergus do debaid fri Coinculaind. `Olc dait . . . mo dīguin; is gairit mo lorc lat', TBC-I¹ 1210. See O'Brien, Études Celt. iii 369 f .

(e) g s. used attributively in several phrases (meaning is not always apparent) (i) áe loirge (áe lawsuit): ? ceas[c] co taet ae in-airecht la Feine? Nī. Ae loirge ar as ae lobair andsin, ae gacha bannsgaile, O'Curry 1614 ( 23 Q 6, 6a ) = cesc co ted ae i n-airecht la fene. Ae luirgi ar is ae lobuir annsin, ae cach bannscaile na fil folta (.i. na feine) na iardin (.i. iarmbrethemnus) le na turbaid, O'Curry 1269 ( H 3.18, 514 ). (ii) bard loirge name of one class of the dáer-baird, IT iii 110 § 8 , anmand na ndóerbard . . . culbard ┐ srutbard ┐ bard lorge ┐ drisiuc, IT iii 5.y . bard loirgi gan aisde ndilis the b. l. has no characteristic metre, iii 23.5 . bard lorce, .i. lorc ria hucht 'he has a staff in front of him', UR 51 n . do-eimh bard loirge lár 'a bard loirge protects a floor', UR 49.14 . (iii) bé loirge: direnar be luirge landire be loisde luineatha alaile, O'D. 2228 ( Nero A 7, 153b ) (`a distaff woman is entitled to full compensation-fine; she of the kneading-trough and churn-stick to the same assessment', O'Gr. Cat. 145 ).

(iv) cú loirge: cu loirge [.i.] cu ris na gabann greim lorg, Laws iii 414.26 Comm . (`a club dog i.e. a dog on which a club takes no effect', Plummer MS. notes); but perh. tracking dog. Cf. confusion between 1 and 2 lorg, O'Dav. 1155 s.v. 1 lorg (b). in cu loirgi . . . lan fiach ina cet cinaid seic, mad fri duine foglaidh, mad fri rubu, is aithgin; ar ni riagailter lorg fri rubu, 416.5 Comm .

Compds.

(i) With noun. ¤ḟertas (later by metath. ¤ḟersat) club or cudgel; iron bar : doghlac a lorg fersat catha .i. túagh thailc throm, Ériu v 174.200 . rabert C. béim d'a lorgḟertais bar na sluagaib, CRR 44 . muadhbemnech na loirc-fersat n-uiriarainn, TBC St. 4653 . luirgfhearsad imreamhar iarnaidhe trés an dá lúib do bhí ar cheann an tslabhra, Keat. ii 6300.

(ii) With adj. ¤remar thick-staved : do rinnetar leibenn lethann loirgremar . . . a timcell Oilella , Celt. Rev. iv 12.10 .

See maglorg.

1 mainder

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mainder or dil.ie/31365

Forms: mainnear, mainnri, maindreacha, mainnriuch, maindir

n f. gutt. st. (<Lat. mandra ?) mainnear, g s. mainnri, IGT Dec. § 54. a p. maindreacha, ib. ex. 1381 . In Bedell the g.s. is treated as a nom. (ā-st.).

(a) an enclosure for cattle, a pen, fold . m.¤ dligthech `lawful pound', Laws i 288.15 Comm. g s. na mainnriuch , ii 54.7 Comm. d s. a maindir , v 464.20 . ac sadad mandrach dia lóegoib, RC xv 468 ( Dinds. 67 ) = ic sádud a cruí, Metr. Dinds. iii 376. nach rethi ar tus hi mannribh `whatsoever ram is first in pens', Leb. Gab.(i) i 32. mar an ttréud a lár a máinrighe, Micah ii 12. dénuidh mánracha dá bhur gcáorc[h]uibh, Numbers xxxii 24. a measg bhánrach na gcáorach, Judges v 16.

(b) in wider sense, enclosure, confines: forus n-acra .i. mainner .i. arus in fir uil ag in acra, Laws ii 10.28 Comm. tucc maidhm ar phéist locha gloin; do chengail . . . a corp 'sa maindir a bfuil `in the lair', BNnÉ 135.38 . timcheallfaid th'easgcaraid 'n-a mainnir thú (= circumdabunt te vallo), TSh. 1064. ro buí se secht mbliadna isin maindir mor-dai[n]gin sin (of a prison), ZCP vi 286.9 . a maindir na noem (i.e. in Heaven), KMMisc. 256 § 31. nochar mhainnear madhma riamh (of a stronghold), Ir. Monthly 1923, 640 . Of an enclosure of troops, arms, etc., in battle: co fúair mandir mílinde the ring of battle, Metr. Dinds. ii 276. m.¤ crui-niemhdha [ = -niamhdha] a ccraoiseach, ZCP ii 359.6 . dorónsat mainner áthusach . . . ┐ léibend daingen . . . do sciathaibh, Fianaig. 88.4 . dorinnetar léibenn . . . ┐ mainner gaibtech a timcell Oilella , Celt. Rev. iv 12.10 . gur scaíl a sciathmandracha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 116.7 .

3 ol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 ol or dil.ie/33758

Forms: oldaas

conj. than , after comparatives; prob. an extension of the adverbial use, see 1 ol. Ol is always combined with an absol. form (rel. in 3d pers.) of the subst. vb., which it eclipses. In O.Ir. (a) the subst. vb. after ol generally represents the copula and agrees in number and pers. with a follg. subject, its tense being determined by that of the main sentence; but already within the O.Ir period (b) the form oldaas (ol+3 s. rel.) ` than he (she, it) is ' comes to be regarded as a conj. = ` than ' and may be followed by another vb. in the absol. form. Finally in Mid.Ir. oldaas (oldás) `than' comes to be used without distinction of person, number or tense, though the older inflected forms frequently occur down to the close of the Mid.Ir. period. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 511 Anm. 1. Already in O.Ir, ol- begins to be replaced by in- (in Glosses found only in Ml.), which before the close of the Mid.Ir. period supersedes it.

1 Exx. from Glosses:

(a) is bec as máo oldáu-sa, Sg. 45a15 (gl. quam ego sum maiuscula est). is sochrudiu láam oldó-sa hand is comelier than I, Wb. 12a21 , cf. 25 . ni airegdu a persan- som oldaas persan na n-abstal olchene, 18d14 . móa oldaas óenṡillab, Sg. 68b8 . oldate ind aingil, gl. melior angelis, Wb. 32b5 . oillu oldate cóic cét fer, gl. plus quam quingentis fratri- bus, 13b2 . oldatae, Ml. 131a6 . ni pa gliccu felsub ola-mbieid- si acuter than ye will be, Wb. 26d26 . ba deidbiriu dúnni . . . ol ṁboí do-som it were more reasonable for us . . . than it was for him, 9c10 . air robtar lia sidi ol ṁbatar maicc israhel more numerous than the Children of I., Ml. 123a8 .

(b) is follus . . . téte aitherrechtaigthe ní as hire oldáta maic that a patronymic goes farther than sons, Sg. 30b12 (where a vb. is implied after oldáta). is móa dongní-som oldaas dontlucham he does it more than we ask it (gl. superabundanter quam petimus), Wb. 21d9 . bid mó dongenae-siu oldaas ro- foided cucut (super id quod dico facies), 32a25 .

2 Later lit.:

(a) is ansu limsa mo thech oldás mo trebad, FB 26. ba siniu oldás Cu Chulaind, 83 . uair bam siniu oltás I was older than he, LB 113a16 ( MacCarthy 68.24 ). ba ḟeliu duit th'immḟoluch oldás teiched, TBC-LL¹ 1973. cumba mesa dúib oltás dam-sa, PH 2042. in tan bas giliu in grian . . . oldaas innossa, Ériu ii 142 § 155. athnúigfither in uli dúl i ndeilb bus áille . . . oldás in a form fairer than at present, 200.17 . ní théit immach . . . as diliu lind oldammit fadessin any one dearer to us than ourselves, TBC-LL¹ 199 = inā sind fein, St. don tí ata ina ṡinser indíu oldáim-ne who is older to-day than we, LL 133a43 . at lia Greic oldáthe than ye are, TTr. 319 . bit lia ar mairb oldáte ar mbí, FB 5. is truma smachta geimrid oldaiti smachta samraid, Laws iv 88.25 . narb andsa la cristaigib he oldait geinte not dearer to Christians than to Gentiles, PH 311 ; rectius oldaas (O.Ir. ol mboí) la geinte. cach óen . . . as sinu olmbí older than thou art, ACL iii 312 § 4 (olnambe v.l.). ba hamru delb Fothaid ol baí Oilill acht ba hamru ben Oilella oldas ben Ḟothaid, Fianaig. 6.14 , 15 . nir bo mailli dolotar olmbatar in charpait (the men) came not more slowly than the chariots, TBC-LL¹ 3537 (where olmb. takes the place of another vb.). nir uo lugha mioscais na nGaoideal lasna Gallaibh olttáitte the Irish were not less hated by the English than they (the Burkes), Hugh Roe 110.6 (f. 30 a) , i.e. the English hated them as much as they hated the Irish; the construction is confused.

(b) folld. by another vb.: bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don teglugh (i.e. the house is more likely to catch fire than the household to get light), FB 92. is toisechu ro cet in coecatmad psalm oldas ro cet in tre[s] psalm, Hib. Min. 6.200 . comtis annso a phiana oldas mar ata fo secht its tor- ments would be seven times worse than they are, Ériu ii 142.3 . The vb. follg. may be understood: is tusca ro tusmed tu fen oltas Adam, LB 110b19 ( MacCarthy 50.15 ), cf. Sg. 30b12 cited above.

(c) Used absolutely: glainidir gol (.i. is glaine ol na dér), ZCP iii 223 § 6 (Amra Senáin).

1 rún

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rún or dil.ie/35787
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: rún, rúun, rúin, rúin, rúin, rúnae, runi, rúna, rúine, rúna, rúnaib, rúinib, rún, rúun, ruin, rún, rúin, rúine, rúna, rúin

n ā, f. (W. rhin) n s. ind rún , Wb. 5c14 , 13d16 , Ml. 2d2 . rúun, Wb. 1d8 , 26d24 . In Mid.Ir. oft. rúin. a s. rúin, Wb. 15a34 , 27c22 , 20d18 , Ml. 45a2 . d s. rúin, Ml. 44b6 , Tur. 103 , SR 6547 . g s. rúnae, Thes. i 496.1 ( Ardm. 170b2 ). runi, LU 9336 . n p. rúna, Wb. 12a10 . IT i 123.18 . rúine, LU 1949 ( FA 2 ). PH 8421 . a p. rúna, Wb. 8b10 . 27c21 . d p. rúnaib, 2b10 , Ml. 66c6 , SR 531 . rúinib, SR 9 , 2017 , Hib. Min. 2.28 . g p. rún, Wb. 27c24 , SR 325 . rúun, Wb. 12b23 , d44 , 26c7 . In Mid.Ir. also treated as o, m.: a s. im rún (: rūb) ríg, SR (Greene) 3816 . g s. ruin, Laws v 72.24 ; 176. 13 Comm. ). rún m. (g s. n p. rúin, rúine, rúna), IGT Dec. § 46 .

(a) something hidden or occult, a mystery , usual sense in Glosses and early relig. lit.: transl. mysterium, Wb. 13d16 , 26d24 , 27c21 , Ml. 2d2 , Hib. Min. 2.28 . ind rún ┐ ind etercert, Ml. 2d2 . ní tuccfither rún inna cruche, Wb. 8a5 . foilsigud rúun, gl. apocalypsin, 12d44 . arnaib rúnaib ┐ diamraib inna deachtae, gl. pro arcanis, Ml. 66c6 . día ro faillsigtheá rúine ┐ derritiusa flatha nimi, FA 2 ( LU 1949 ) = rúni, LB. ro foillsigthea ruine nime do Eoin, PH 8421 . a Rī rūine (of Deity), ZCP vii 309 w . in rí reil na run, SR 325 . ar coimdiu gle co rúinib, 2017 , cf. 9 , 221 , 531 . Of profane mysteries: int id cid immatá a rún? wherein lies the mystery of the withe ?, TBC-LL¹ 587 = rūin, TBC-I¹ 259 (rún, LU). rí na rún (of the Dagda), Ériu vii 227 z ( LL 209a54 ). ní fheduim rún na riaghail ar mo ghalur secret cure, spell (?), ZCP vi 26.9 . bean sídhe ag reic a rúine, IGT Dec. ex. 1266 . rúne ro-mera `keen riddles', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 .

In early relig. lit. oft. mystic or hidden meaning (as oppd. to literal sense): sollummun litre. sollummun rúnae, Thes. i 496.1 , cf. tria rúin na sollamun-sa, PH 3519 . rúna do thabairt á óen-sonaib, gl. interpretatio sermonum, Wb. 12a10 , cf. 12b23 . ind fiugor fuandrogab in fāith ┐ ind rún fuantaibret in suis-scélaichthi the mystic sense in which the evangelists apply it , Ml. 45a3 . Crist ma[d] du rúin according to the mystic sense , 44b6 , cf. Tur. 103 ( Thes. i 491.33 ). mad iar sians . . . (.i. iar ruin), PH 6804 . Cf. 6083 : santugud in molta doennai as rúin asin clíí, do indithim in gníma dírig as rúin assin deis (i.e. the left hand signifies desire for human praise, comment on verse nesciat sinistra quid faciat dextera ).

(b) a secret : bása chomrar cacha runi do andrib Ulad the repository of every secret (?), LU 9336 = gacha ruine, Anecd. iii 53.23 . an duine chuimetus a run who keeps a secret , Ériu v 128 § 31 . run do dhenam ara chomairled to keep his counsel secret , § 29 . gell damh . . . co ndingnair run ar gach ní indeósus me duit, BCC 240.24 . rún do dhéunamh ar na pecadhaibh do chluin san bhfaoisidin (duty of a confessor), Parrth. Anma 204.13 . dá ndeindís uile rún ar mhalairt creidhim kept their change of faith secret , Mac Aingil 545.14 . gur léig a rún le Caoilte revealed his secret to C. , Oss. vi 12.3 . nīt lia Lagin rúni `not more numerous are Leinstermen than (their) secrets', ZCP iii 7 § 23 . In adverbial phrases: la taidbsin fainni fo rúin secretly (?), SR 6547 . sliocht sceo mo risi fa rūn (.i. innis dó mo sgéla gan fis), ZCP v 487 § 1 (B. na f.). coro indis[s]ium di inní-sin i rrún as a secret , LB 127b16 . atrubairt fris ina rūin, RC xvii 283 . dia ngaet . . . tria rún when he was slain by stealth , Metr. Dinds. ii 38.2 . gach ní do nochtfadh seisean tré rún dī as a secret , Keat. ii 5277 . cen rúin openly, undisguisedly : tarraid diliu Bith | ina ṡléib cen rúin, LL 4b8 . gibé adearadh nárbh fhíor dhúinn | mo ghlór re Torna gan rúin `that my plain words to T. were untrue', Content. xiv 11 . Hence prob.: rún .i. cealg; tre rún .i. tre cheilg, O'Cl. (an inference). g s. as attrib.: amus ruin no raid no imacallma `a confidential servant', Laws v 72.24 Comm. comhrádh rúin private conversation , Keat. ii 5298 .

(c) secret thoughts or wishes, intention, purpose, design : general later Mid.Ir. meaning, often without particular notion of secrecy: falmaigis Dagda a dún, | rapa rún can tarba a purpose without profit , Ériu vii 227 § 62 ( LL 209a49 ). ? nidat maithe banrúna women's plans (counsels ), IT i 123.18 . Dubhduin . . . rug run airgne ind aird-ruireach [sic leg.] formed the design of destroying the high-king , MacCarthy 416 § 3 ( BB 50a44 ). ro bai a run Oilella marbad Meic Con, Anecd. ii 78.2 . mani cindis [i] cend a cētcomlín do miledhuibh . . . co rún a marbta uili with intent to kill them all , CCath. 3117 . ar mbeith do rún aige bheith eolach 'sna hilbhéarlaibh, Keat. ii 47 . nír bo rún iomgabhala, na menma teichme, AFM vi 2162.2 . as é mo rún . . . gan aonphecadh do dhénamh, Mac Aingil 2 § 2 . ro ḟaisnés rún menman ┐ aicenta cech énduine (of the spokesman for a number), CCath. 624 . ba hé rún craidhe ┐ toil menman cech óen-duine, 659 . do rinneas do rún cridhe | feidhm díbh `with sincerity of heart', Content. xxix 4 . Dia féin . . . go mbé a réir im' rún, Pilip Bocht 20 § 7 . daoine eile, ag a raibhe an rún ceudna d'Éireannchaibh who had the same feelings towards the Irish , Keat. i 54.24 . rígradh go rún gcertbhrethach `minded to judge justly', O'Gr. Cat. 396.2 . a n-áines menma . . . a rún toirbirt `propensity to give away', 472.27 . rún na gcroidheadh, 1 Corinth. iv 5 (= τὰς βουλάς).

(d) passing into sense of full consciousness, knowledge : cf. run .i. eolus, ut est cerd cen run, O'Dav. 1351 , perh. an inference from sense (b) or (c). ? cach dīsli co rūn: cach rūn co tubad, ACL iii 228.71 , 72 = ZCP xvii 58 (`every forfeiture with knowledge; every knowledge with proof '). ass e as túr anóra ann | rún an ansodha d'fhulang (i.e. experience of adversity is a promise of good fortune), Irish Texts ii p. 25 § 1 . as mairg don té . . . ag a bfuil rún air féin iomad fiach do bheith ag Dia air who is conscious that he owes God many debts , Mac Aingil 322.2 . gan rún cléirigh without a priest's ministrations (on a death-bed), Ó Bruad. iii 2 .

(e) in later poetry oft. a term of endearment, darling, love (for persons of either sex): a rún dil!, MS. Mat. 569.24 . triath Dúin Bhúinne, rún na ríoghradh, Keat. Poems 727 . dom' shíor-rún réidh Raemonn, Hackett xxxv 1 . uired grās re Gilla Brighde | braithim mo rún da rosc glan love, affection (?), Irish Texts ii p. 44 § 28 .

Compds. cach āen da rac[h]a ad' rūn-debaidh who will dispute Thy designs (?), ACL iii 235 § 26 . dūthracht . . . gan trīst im rúnghart ro-lond generosity of impulse, disposition (?), ZCP x 340.10 . ba rún-mer im cach rogail `who was eager-willed for every exploit', Metr. Dinds. iv 314.10 ( LL 162b47 ). le rúin-neimh wicked intent , A. Ó Dálaigh liii 7 . See also rúndiamair.

2 toglaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 toglaid or dil.ie/41171

v ā (togail) destroys, sacks: o rotoglad Trōe na trēt, ZCP iii 18.3 . ni huatha sumh rachad no co thoghlur a cathair forru, CCath. 1690 . on triath rothogal mag Muman, Arch. Hib. ii 71 § 12 . ro thogail carraic ndermáir, Alex. 527 = do reglastair (.i. togail), BB 492b28 . gur ro thoghlattur an cathraig, TFrag. 158.7 . do toglad ┐ do h-airged dun Oilella , Celt. Rev. iv 104.2 . co rotoglad Tor Conaid, Todd Lect. iii 148.4 . intan ro toglud in Trae fa dheoig, D IV 2, 26a28 . ro toglad Ierusalem, LB 154a21 . ro thoghailset ┐ ro mhúrsat Cenn Coradh, AFM ii 934.3 . do marbsat inilt Greine, ┐ do togailsiut sid Firai, Thr. Ir. Gl. xliii 7.

? ró thogladh Cúchulainn go mór tridsin `was greatly annoyed,' RC xxix 132.7 .