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airfitiud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airfitiud or dil.ie/1969

Forms: oirfideadh, -idh, oirfide

n u, later also o, m. oirfideadh m. (g s. and n p. -idh), IGT Decl. § 11. Verbs § 83 . Note also n s. in oirfide , Feis Tighe Chonáin 663 . Vn. of ar-peiti. act of entertaining, delighting; entertainment, esp. minstrelsy, music: dusnāncatar cruiti . . . dia n-airfided (a.¤ , LU), TBC-I¹ 832 . ba hé Ísu doluidh . . . do airpetiud Adamnáin, Anecd. ii 17.23 . an chuil chorcra ro baí ic airfidedh Midir rob sí Édain, Ériu xii 154.15 (TE2). anais . . . C. . . . oc a.¤ ban n-Ulad, LU 8565 ( FB § 42 ). slóig in domain d'áirphéiteodh, SG 109.2 . ēnlaith 'ga n-oirfidiud / tre biuthiu sīr, ZCP viii 201.33 . atconnarc áes ciúil . . . ic aerfitiud dond ingin, LU 3770 ( SCC § 34 ). a[c] cantain ciuil ┐ airdfide d'Oilill ┐ do Meidb (of a minstrel), Celt. Rev. iv 112.6 . aruspeittet céola ┐ airfiti, TBFr. 287 . comlantius cecha airir ┐ cecha hairfite, LU 2759 . la meít ind airfite ó chechtar de diaraile, LL 231b2 . airbitiu .i. failti, ut est airbitiu menman tuarustal miad, O'Dav. 45 . airpeitiud aiccnid, CCath. 4837 . esbaid airpheitid (airfidig v.l.), Airne F. 225 . ní a.¤ nach n-oenchorn, TBC-LL¹ 2342 . d'erfidibh in talman, TTr.² 643 . bean na dheóigh go donnphubal / darbh ḟear eóil a oirfideadh, IGT Decl. ex. 467 . na ceōdla ┐ na hoirfitheadha is binde leat, Feis Tighe Chonáin 263 .

Gratification, satisfaction: oirfitiud na toile doenai, Trip.² 52 . scérait fri a.¤ in domain-seo ro charsat, LU 2402 . atfiadhar sin ar airfited anma na n-irisech, Lism. L. 2506 . in t-a.¤ ┐ in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda, PH 3986 . no-s-dilsig di-a hairfitedaib collaidib, 4625 . is cendach cin ceill/ ar airfeidedh aonuaire / siraitreb a péin, LB 152 marg. inf.

annam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. annam or dil.ie/3710

Forms: annmha

adj o, ā (an + dám, Gwynn, Hermathena xxiii 145 ). pl. annmha (annaimhe, proscribed form), Bard. Synt. Tr. 68 § 17a .

(a) alone, unaccompanied; lonely: is andam . . . lasin n-anmain iar comgnáis . . . na colla . . . insaigid . . . co rígsuide in dúleman, LU 2077 ( FA 15 ) (`lonesome for the soul . . .', Gwynn loc. cit.). cid cain deicsiu Muighe Fail / anam (annam v.l.) iar ngnais Muigi M. `'tis desolate after frequenting M.', Ériu xii 180 § 10 (TE). andam aicsiu ind Inbir / . . . / cen laech Fernaide `a lonely sight is the I.' (Gwynn), AU i 378.21 .

(b) seldom, occurring only rarely: ní frith . . . láech a tairisme . . . andam sin, a Laegairi, or C., Sc.M² § 9R . tú dá innise is annamh, Aithd. D. 11.21 . annamh toradh ná tug siad `scarcely is there a fruit that they have not won', TD 29.39 . failet lim-sa . . . di ingein mar nach annom `as is not rare', ZCP ii 134.20 . nir bh'andam a breth . . . / a creach ar Gallaibh . . ., BB 57a31 . As adv.: is annam do tigedh sé amach acht re diu láe, Stair Erc. 1939 . Compar. as annmha galruightear na seandaóine naid na daóini óga, 23 K 42, 22.13 . In phr. is a.¤ la it is seldom in the case of, it is unusual for (x to do so and so): andam leo crad a ndalta, Anecd. ii 70.7 . rop annam lat bith cen t'arm, TFerbe 470 . ba hannam re trenfheraib tomaitheam air cein ba beo, TTebe 3473 . bid andam lib beith fó chís do rig eli, Alex. 210 . ba hannam leo in ní sin they were not accustomed to that, 427 . an ní dob annamh la h-ua neill frith faill iomcoimhetta fair, AFM vi 2020.12 . ro b'annamh lim láthair . . . d'fácbháil, MR 308.21 .

Attrib.: an dianaister annamh ainmeinic, Hugh Roe² 20.21 (fo. 6a) . ar ghlór mín i n-uair annuimh `in gentle rare-spoken voice', Aithd. D. 41.13 . In sense of rare, strange, unusual: Aodh . . . an airm annaimh `of the wonderful weapon'(?), O'R. Poems 489 and n. grés annamh ag inghin Oilill `precious needle-work', O'Hara 4187 . fuair . . . an réir n-annaimh n-éadálaigh `that extraordinary award of goods', TD 3.25 . ceas naoidhean an eóin annaimh (of the cuckoo during winter), L. Cl. A. B. 164.69 . ríoghradh an uaignis annoimh who are seldom unattended, 114.93 . a ghrādh buan gach fhir annaimh `of every guest (i.e. visiting poet)', O'R. Poems 2305 and Gloss. searc gach éinfhir annaimh í, O'Hara 2934 . Cf. oirchiosachd aoidheadh n-annamh (a work of charity), Mac Aingil 3612 . aoighe sgeoil uaignigh annaimh, DDána 97.14 . sgél go ccéill n-uainghigh n-annaimh, O'R. Poems 531 .

? brigh annum .i. quert uadside for a fidh coibnesa, BB 310a37 (kenning for the letter Q) = brig anduine .i. ceirtech, Anecd. iii 44.16 .

cethach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cethach or dil.ie/8907
Last Revised: 2019

adj Oilill Cethach (Cétach, v.l.) ... cethach .i. beimnech, Cóir Anm.² ii 55 § 207 = Cethech, Rawl. 124a14 . Oilill ... céthach clannmaith clothamra, Leb. Cert.² 156.26 . See 2 cétach.

clann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clann or dil.ie/9365
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f. (Lat. planta) IGT Decl. § 40 .

(a) plant, planting; off-shoot; produce : inna clainde gl. plantationis, Ml. 102b3 . amal bid claind no clantais (as vn.), 63b9 . nua-chlandib(us) gl. noualibus , Études Celt. xxii 212 § 62 . clanda (gl. propagines) offshoots, Thes. i 3.24 . ni tesseba de cona chlana toruth cechtarda sin offshoots (of a tree), Vita Br. 35 . daib lugbort caín co clannaib súalach, Trip.² 645 . is ann āsait clanna in terra intan nodaguire sōl, O'Mulc. 65 . docechnad . . . fora maige comtis ambriti . . . cacha clainde, LU 10950 . etham taulchach . . . is e maith do cach cloinn ┐ da cach torad olcena, O'Curry 252 ( H 3.18, p. 146 ). Cf. Ériu i 39 § 4 . da trian clainne ┐ etha ┐ blecta, LL 635 . is i uir in talman dogni silad na c.¤ cuirtir inti, Auraic. 5653 . c.¤ a glande .i. torad craind, sic is torad [duini] oinchlann, O'Mulc. 199 , cf. 287 . mar shamhail do chloinn i gcnaoi `a kernel in a nut', Aithd. D. 90.9 . an gescca tóirtech co cclannaibh sualach .i. Berach, BNnÉ 23.x .

(b) Fig. of the growth of the hair, springing locks, tresses : folt didiu cland totim `a plant of falling(?) (i.e. which grows downwards?)' (s.v. folt), O'Mulc. 568 (prob. compd.). foighéga a ch.¤ bfíthe bfionn, Rel. Celt. ii 303.4 . folt na n-órch.¤ . . . gcas, DDána 49.3 . soillse ch.¤ id chróchbharr chúil, Magauran 953 .

(c) children, family, offspring; a single child; descendants, race, clan : tuistiu claindde, Wb. 28b17 . fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlainnd cid risíu ro báe cland les, Wb. 29b23 . a pridchas dia claind no dia mmuintir `to her children or to her household', 11c8 . hó bói mo chland et mo chenéel, 29d6 . intan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . primiti a clainde `the first fruits of their children', 99b5 . inna clanda gl. posteros, 122d1 . dun chlaind gl. proli, 107a10 . inna clainde ón gl. successione continua, 109c11 . hua chlaind fri claind `from generation to generation', 100b4 . Iadumdu .i. cland Essau, 26b15 . amochland `O my child', Sg. 204b2 . a maire a grian ar ccloinne, Blathm. 597 . nech . . . bes cráibdech . . . din chlaind, Thes. ii 239.3 = cenél, 1 . na ríg di chlandaib Cualann `clans', 295 § 5 (SP v). ní amal fogní athechán orbugud a chlainni, LU 10279 ( Tochm. Em. 21 ). ōsar na clainne, Corp. Gen. 43.1 . is sī c.¤ Lugdach Hūi Ochrai descendants, 28.6 . ar ḟer . . . na festar cland na cinél dó, IT i 127.14 ( TE 13 ). a clanna no a nadmanna no a ratha her sons, Laws ii 382.14 Comm. (`agreements'). clanda Gaedil, LL 338 = fini Gaedil, 344 . aenfer rob ḟerr . . . tanic d'ḟuil na Adham-clainne, RC xviii 182.2 (Tig.). dias cloindi . . . .i. mac ┐ ingen, xiii 9.7 . nir ghabhsat clanna, acht c.¤ Neill, / Erinn, MacCarthy 426 § 1 . na clanna ┐ na cenéla `tribes and nations', Ériu ii 196 § 10 . go ruc sī triar do c[h]lainn . . . dō, ML² 605 . comrac clainne Calatín children, TBC-LL¹ 2917 . is iat na hobrigthi glana cland na hanma, PH 7813 . slaníccid claindi Adaim, 3862 . is tu ba cland dam-sa dar eis mo mac, TTebe 2103 . an ch.¤ oirrdhearc éinfhir `the famous Only Son', Aithd. D. 77.1 . an Aodhch.¤ rer dheacar dréim, DDána 79.4 . fearr beagán cloinne ná c.¤ (i.e. a single child can be better than a large family), DDána 27a . 1 ; cf. 4 . do-ní éanmhac ionad cloinne, Aithd. D. 77.1 . an tsaorch.¤ ionmhuin óg (of a single child), DDána 41.18 . cf. Magauran 2217 . tinneas a cloinne `pains of child-birth', Donlevy 348.22 .

In wider sense, márgrían inna clandsa bands , Fél. Dec. 18 .

Compds. With adj. clannbhuidhe a chúl cam a chiabh yellow-tressed, Magauran 222 . an cing cabarthach clannlínmhar . . . Finn prolific, CF² 1251 . tré chúigedh clannlínmhar Connacht, 602 . Oilill . . . / céthach clannmaith clothamra `rich in children', Leb. Cert.² 156.26 . bái fo cumachtu clannmór with numerous offspring, SR 6802 . ga chéibh . . . clannuir chais, Rel. Celt. ii 302.11 .

With adj. derived from noun. folt úr clainndleachtach (clandleacthach, MS.) `properly arranged', Magauran 933 . moltchroiceann clannollach (`fleecy(?)' Gloss.), Cath MT 169 .

With noun. tú in crann ós do chlannaicme race, O'R. Poems 25 . do chuimniughadh a gcaradra d'a gclannbhuidhnib ceneoil, MR 96.y . clannchaolach na gciabh gcam `trellis-work of the curving braids', Magauran 973 . ionnúa ro genair on cclainnfhreimh comnairt common stock, Hugh Roe² 302.4 . do Chonall cona clandmaicne, Dinds. 132 = Conall . . . ┐ a cethrar mac, ibid. is innte ro tusmit clannmaicne A., CCath. 3865 . Lir . . . cona .uii. macaib .xx. ┐ cona ch. archena, Acall. 5118 . cúic mic dég do chloinn atá ag Finn a fhégmais a c. fén, CF² 207 . an té as fhearr dá gach aicme / as hé as ceann don chlannmhaicne `family', Studies 1924, 243.16 . hi ccodhnachus a ch. `command of his people', AFM v 1724.12 . ar a son fein ┐ a c. (pro se et generacione sua), Smaointe B. Chr. 5395 . errla Gormlaidhe . . . / . . . / suairc an clannmhuine cam ceart thick tresses, Magauran 1041 .

2 cleth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cleth or dil.ie/9454
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ceilt, cleith, ceileamuin

ā, f. vn. of ceilid. ceilt, cleith, ceileamuin, IGT Verbs § 34 . ceilt cleith, Decl. § 14 . Cf. clith.

(a) act of hiding, concealing; concealment, deception : cen cuit cleithi `with no concealment', Blathm. 160 . is diing cleith in maith gl. abscondi non possunt, Wb. 29a31 . du chlith a fortachtae gl. disimulationem, Ml. 100a7 . inna cletha `the concealments' gl. latebras, 59a9 . c.¤ gl. laterna, Sg. 51b8 . ? coimpert ciol. cleith nemhidh, Ériu xiii 23.25 . dobered a máthair criaid ṁbuidi moa bullu do chlith a delba, Rawl. 141a16 . rotōgaib croich in Coimdeadh, / iarna cleith fon talmain thair after it had lain hidden, Ériu iii 198 § 26 . damhna ríoghradh nocha roich / a ngníomhradh chalma do chleith, DDána 91.9 . sirim a hucht na hóighe / . . . / cleith na n-othar-soin oruinn `that she cover from us the wounds I have not requited', Dán Dé v 17 . cleith .i. ceilt, O'Cl. Obscurity : scailid (?) in cleth 'he dispels the obscurity' CIH iii 874.31 , Sages, Saints and Storytellers 173 . ná measg trena chéile i gcleith 'do not confuse them with each other in obscurity' 167 § 20 .

? Attrib. g s. (but some or all may be part. See 1 clithe). secret, hidden : cen luige cen lanamnas. / cen chuibdi clethi no cuil, SR 2399 . cumann cleithe nocha ndernus `I have known no furtive love', Ériu i 20.72 . cinnus brethe rugad duit? nī ba caingen cléithi lat do not keep the matter secret, ZCP vii 307.10 . nír gním clethe fri hóen-úair, Metr. Dinds. i 10.54 .

(b) In phrr. with prepp. With AR undisclosed : bheith ag síor-chur bréag id leith / éigean dúinn nó ar ndearbhtha ar cleith `leave my argument unstated', Content. vi 116 .

With CEN without concealment, openly, plainly, clearly (in verse freq. as cheville). Somet. used adjectivally conspicuous : concertsa in dá sreith / cen chleith níbá caín, LU 9954 . eagna gan cleith, Ériu xiii 35.y . a chlú gan chleith mur do chuir `how he has made his fame conspicuous', O'R. Poems 251 . Eire gan chleith re [corbadh], A. Ó Dálaigh liii 8 .

With FO secretly; hidden, in seclusion : airg-siu dia guidi dam-sa . . . fo chlith, IT i 74.15 ( LMU 12 ). luig Oilill ┐ Eogan a n-imagallaim fo cleith, Anecd. ii 77 § 4 . ronalt fo clith muime mormass ar a mathair, i 51 § 9 . ro oslaic Eua fo clith / in dorus riasin nathraig, SR 1281 . ? ni bo chlethaib robatar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6528 (: srethaib).

With I N- in secret, hidden : figell fo dēraib i cleith (rules for the devout), ZCP vii 311 § 14 . ar apdaibh hi clith `against secret spells', Ériu iv 236 § 8 . hi follus, hi clith, ACL iii 318 § 61 .

As m.: gním cen chlethu cen athscís, LL 27070 (cleatu cleithe, cleitiu, v.ll.; `without concealment', Metr. Dinds. iii 244.42 ). nom diultfa fo thrí tria chleth / riasiu gaires in cailech deceitfully(?), SR 7723 .

Compd. With noun. cen chlethbratha `treachery by hiding', Sc.M² 22b .

? darpuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? darpuit or dil.ie/14691
Last Revised: 2019

cath Ocha for Oilill Molt darpuit, BB 77 d 6 . No such word appears in the numerous accounts of this battle in LL, BB, and Book of Lecan. Possibly darpuit is due to a misreading of a Latin entry Ailill Molt oqpuit (oqbuit) in old Annals. Perhaps for dár' thuit, ZCP x 373 . Or mistranscription of dú arthuit, with which compare: Cath Detna ... for Ardgal ... du artoit, BB 77 b 17 . Cath Cluana ... du narthoit C., Lec. 590 b 19 . RC xxxvii 20 .

dílsigud, dísligud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílsigud, dísligud or dil.ie/16459

u, m. vn. of dílsigid

(a) act of particularizing: in titul roscribais huas in chroich du dílsigud cesta Crist .i. hic est réx Iudeorum `to specify (?) the Passion of Christ', Ml. 74d13 (only ex. in O. Ir. Glosses). Cf. disliugudh gl. dedicacio, Ir. Gl. 910 .

(b) act of renouncing, surrendering, forfeiting: ma fer fine biathas in bithbinach iarna dilsiughadh after he has been proscribed, O'Curry 2548 - 9 ( Eg. 88, 46 (47)a ). is dílsigud ṁbreithri, is tánsemad ṅgruaide is tiáchtain soégail is grád do biud . . . do rig hErenn, díultad húad fri dáimh n-úathaid a forgoing of his word (?), BDD App. 62 . nach nair lib aenfer do dilsiugudh tar bar cend uile i comrac?, Aen. 2975 (= non pudet . . . cunctis pro talibus unam objectare animam? Aeneid xii 229 ). o'dchonnairc . . . a dhalta 'arna dhilsiugad fona dhuthaid deprived of his patrimony, ALC i 552.25 . is do chomarbus Conaill G. Eriu cona hurrannaib, ┐ ni dligthise a dilsiugad, MR 150 (`be circumscribed', O'Don.). With AR (FOR) renouncing, forswearing: doberim maitheam ┐ dilsiugud for na haifrendaib, PH 7335 . tusa do thesargain gan dichell gan disliugad giving up, abating, MR 160 . With DO: ba fearr leis comrac uimpe inās [a?] dilsiugudh do A., Aen. 2929 . a dīlsiugad do rīgain Midi, BColm. 52 . dīlsiuccadh na conaire dhōibh to yield the way to them, Hugh Roe 282 . cutrumus na coibche do setuib . . . na mna do dilsiugadh do athuir in mic, Laws ii 298 Comm. in ag mear iarna hescaire ┐ iarna dilsiugad having been proclaimed, abandoned, renounced (?), v 268 . barr díslighthe da urd air | ar lurg íslighthe an uabhair (of a bishop) `loyal to his order he', Arch. Hib. i 86 . Abandoning, forsaking: is d[i]a ndilsiugud rosruc Iōib na longa ona Troiandaib, Aen. 2042 . nā cuindigh-siu ormsa . . . dilsiugad ṡluaigh saer-Mumhan, MR 306 (`to oppress', O'Don.). o dconnaic Fergus Oilill a u-uaiti trenfer . . . ar na dílsiugadh d'a thuathaib deserted by, Celt. Rev. iv 16 .

(c) act of appropriating, securing, confirming; assignment: do chuinghidh dilsigthe in chlaidhib do rat do fecht aile, Lism. L. 1527 . dilsiugud in claidib do D., 1541 ( Lat. Lives 81 ). rogab ratha . . . im rigi nErenn do dilsiugad dia cloind co bráth, MR 2 . dilsiucchadh chóiccidh C. dóibhsiomh, AFM vi 1998 . dorinned dislioucchadh báis de he was condemned to death, Ériu iv 58 § 37 .

(d) act of hiding, concealing, concealment: gurb ar muir do cuireadh i gcurachán é mar dhísliughadh air, Keat. ii 2766 . gur chaitheadar seal san mbréigriocht (sic leg.) sin da ndisliughadh féin, iii 5694 . dhá dhísliughadh féin a ccnoc H., 1 Sam. xxvi 2 . ag dísliughadh ┐ ag ceilt a gcreidimh, TSh. 3548 . an dísliughadh ┐ an folach dorinne Críost air féin, Eochairsg. 44 . do dhísliughadh a ainbhfeasa féin, 65 .

do-airissedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airissedar or dil.ie/17143

Forms: tairisid, tairis, tairissid, do-n-airissiur, du-n-erissider-su, tairissidar, tairisidar, tarsidar, tairisid, tarrassaid, tarrassair, do-airis, tairis, tairises, do-n-airissid, thairiset, nothairissed, tairised, ndoairistis, tairistis, do-airesedar, tairisethar, tairissetar, forsatarrasad, tairised, tairistis, tairisfe, thairisfet, do-n-arrasar, tarrasar-su, tarrasair, tarrusair, tarusair, do-arrastair, tarrustair, tarrasatar, tarraisetar, rotairisetar, tarrastair, tarrasadar, tairistae, tairisem

v (* to-air-siss-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 ) later as simple verb tairisid (toir-). IGT Verbs § 65 . Ipv. 2 s. tairis, PH 1182 . 2 pl. tairissid, 1414 . Indic. pres. 1 s. do-n-airissiur, Ml. 79a10 , cf. ib. 9 . 2 s. an du-n-erissider-su , 38c25 (subj. pres., Ped.). 3 s. nad tairissidar , 104b4 . BDD 87 . tairisidar, Hib. Min. 25 . tarsidar, 20 . tairisid, Lat. Lives 44 . tarrassaid, TBC-LL¹ 6066 (leg. tarrassair, pret.?). do-airis, MacCongl. 49.24 . Fél. 2.18 . tairis, TBC-I¹ 3643 . IT iii 101.11 . rel. tairises, PH etc. 2 pl. do-n-airissid, Wb. 14c43 . 3 pl. ní thairiset , LU 2181 . LL 265a10 , etc. Impf. 3 s. nothairissed, RC x 60(LU) . hi tairised , FB § 88 . 3 pl. a ndoairistis , Trip.² 2085 . co tairistis , RC x 58 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do-airesedar, BB 319a28 ( Auraic. 495 ). tairisethar, BDD 130 . 3 pl. ní tairissetar , Ml. 104b4 . Subj. impf. 3 s. forsatarrasad, SR 2552 , 2572 . connā tairised , TBC-LL¹ 1411 . 3 pl. co tairistis , LU 9229 . Fut. 3 s. (?) tairisfe, LU 9768 . 3 pl. ní thairisfet , Hy. vii Pref . . Pret. 1 s. do-n-arrasar, Ériu ii 102 . 2 s. tarrasar-su, SR 1861 . 3 s. tarrasair, SR 1819 , 1633 etc. LL 121b6 . TBC-I¹ 1979 . tarrusair, LU 10443 . tarusair, TE 7 ( IT i 121 ). ní tarrastar, Acr. 13c1 ( Thes. ii 6 ). do-arrastair, CCath. 2526 (sing. for pl.). tarrustair, 86 . 3 pl. tarrasatar, TBC-LL¹ 5822 . CRR 52 . TTr.² 499 . RC xiv 416 . tarraisetar, Trip.² 1255 ( Lat. Lives 31 ). rotairisetar, CCath. 5686 . Later the 3 s. form is occas. used for 3 pl. cf. Lec. 304b8 : is iad sin Breatain Lethan ┐ tarrastair thes dogres = tarrasadar, 301a8 ; 448a23 . Pass. subj. impf. ní tairistae , Fianaig. 10.12 . Vn. tairisem.

(a) Stands, stays, remains (oft. used to gloss Lat. stare and compds.): a ndun-erissider-su gl. adstante te, Ml. 38c25 . ní tarrastar (refers to institit), Acr. 13c1 . do-tharistis . . . dogres ina ḟiadnaise (= adstabant ei), PH 6184 . asin baliu hi tairised, FB § 88 . huare do-n-airissiur hi tuil dæ I abide, Ml. 79a10 . in tairissem do-n-airissid indi with which ye abide in it gl. fide statis, Wb. 14c43 . tarrasair int ṡoillsi stood still (in vale of Gibeon), SR 5109 . fri talmain tairissedar `rests on the ground' (of a spear), BDD 87 . Prosod. ni tairis acht a sillaib fota can end only in a long syllable, IT iii 101.10 . With FOR: irsa . . . is fuirri thairisius in teg uile rests (is supported), Corm. Y 782 . nocho tarnastair (leg. tarrastair) mo rosc for tulaich my eye rested not, TBC-I¹ 3410 . is for sunn tairister (= tarrustar?) bretha buain judgements are based (gl. dofeisidar), Laws iv 64 Comm. In impers. construction: in caingen forsa tairisfe ocainni innossa the rule on which it shall stand with us (i.e. which we shall fix), RC vi 164 . Endures, persists: tarrasair cródatu Alaxandir in tan rofitir a ṡaegul do thidecht, Alex. 1035 . bá assa ni tairista it had been easy not to persist, Fianaig. 10 . Folld. by prep. and vn. persists (in), continues (to): tarrasatar ed ciana ic imsellad a chéile, TTr.² 499 . tarasair . . . for lomrad a smer don mhuine went on picking blackberries, Lism. L. 1891 . nōi fechtas do-n-arrasar aitherruch do precept nine times I continued to preach again, Ériu ii 102 . With FRI stands against, endures, etc.: tarrusair Isu frisna dallaib stood (halted) in front of, PH 4412 . ní thairisfet demna fria gnúis shall not (dare to) face him, Hy. vii Pref. tarrasair fris withstood him, TTr.² 1202 . triar fer . . . nacha sella duini tairisethar fri an teora drecha éitchi whose hideous countenances no human eyes can stand against, BDD § 130 . Note also: tairisis menma in righ fria mac the king's heart yearned towards, Lism. L. 3035 .

(b) Hence exists, is, happens (to be): tarrasair in carpat a óinur forsin maig the chariot was (happened to be) alone, LL 121b6 . ba sí ant ṡamhain tarrusair ind an tan sin it happened to be November at the time, Hugh Roe 262 . cia lín gcinél n-ecsamail i tarrasatar in (to) how many different races are they (divided), Rawl. 69a21 = i tairraichsedar, Lec. 65b29 . isna tri haesaib i tairisend .i. a ngillacht, a n-óite, a sendataid, PH 3976 . Folld. by ó consists of (in): cruit deichdi .i. co tarsidar o .x. tētaib, Hib. Min. 20 . cētna airtecul do-airis ō rainde ┐ ō chotib fadén which consists of its own parts and divisions, MacCongl. 49 .

With impers. construction (freq. in this sense): tarusair d'Oilill co cenn mbliadna hi sirgalur, TE 7 . fecht n-oen d'O Domhnaill . . . tarrusair occa dul for ammus na nGall he happened to go (decided to go as in (a) above?), Hugh Roe 254 . tarrusttuir doib ant re headh an chaomhlaeithe they were (happened to be) there, ZCP x 289 . gus an maighin a ttarustair é budhdhein in which he himself was, Hugh Roe 182 . rolá [Ó D.] diorma marcshloicch . . . tars na rédhmaighibh i ttarrasair é, AFM v 1612 . tarrastair .i. tarla, O'Cl. Note also: tarrasair airre happened upon her, Keat. ii 5245 = rostarraig, Metr. Dinds. i 22 . Further: is cetheora erca discnidther no tarrustar (gl. it cetheora eirca docuisin), Laws i 272 Comm.

(c) comes to a stand, halts, stops, pauses: amal nad tairissidar side inneuch as it (a wheel set in motion) does not stop anywhere, Ml. 104b4 . a mbaili hi tairisfet (= ubicumque requiescent), Lat. Lives 19 . tarrassaid (leg. -air?) inn irgal im chend Connacht the conflict paused, TBC-LL¹ 6066 . rotairis in rith fola focetoir, PH 2793 . tarrasais in sruth na thoss dia rēmim, SR 1633 . o tharrustair in t-ēn for in tēt, YBL 165a26 . rothoris A. im bun chroind `took his stand', TTebe 1818 . Fig. tairisid a aicned his frame of mind is settled (grows calm), Lism. L. 3121 . (Impers.) tarrasair aice for torandchless cóic cét he stopped at, TBC-I¹ 1979 .

(d) Occas. in sense of do-airret: in gach maighin a ttarusair carardhorcha na hoidhche iatt in which . . . overtook them, Hugh Roe 240 . tairisis Lugaid . . . in laegh ┐ coscrais L. in láeg L. overtook (caught) the calf, BB 252b29 ( SG ii 489 ) = tárthis, Cóir Anm. 70 .

do-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-beir or dil.ie/17216
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: do-ucc, do-bert, do-rat, tuicsiu, tabair, taber, tabar, taibred, tabrad, taibrem, tabram, taibrid, taibrith, tabraid, taibret, tabrat, dobiur, dodasbiur, doberim, thabur, nis-tabor, dubir, dobir, dobere, tabair, dobeir, dober, tabir, tabair, doberam, taibrem, thabrum, d-a-berid-si, doberat, doberait, fuantaibret, thabrat, doberad, dobertis, do-m-beirtis, tabratis, doberae, taibre, toibre, thobri, dumbera, taibrea, thobrea, tibri, doberum, donberaid-si, doberthi-si, tabraid, du-m-berat, dusmerat, thabrat, dubertha, doberthusa, doberad, taibred, taibreth, doberthe, dobéer, dobér-sa, tiber, thibér, tiubér, thiubar, doberae, tibéræ, dos-mbéra, thibre, tibrea, tiubrae, dobérat, thibreat, dobēraind-sea, tiobhrainn-si, tibartha-sa, tiubharta, domberad, nandatiberad, tibred, nachis-tibred, dobérmais, tibrimmis, tiubhrumais, tiurmais, do-sm-bérthe, tibertais, nis-tibritis, tiuradais, do-m-biurt, dondmbiurtsa, dobert-sa, dobirt, dobertais, dobert, dubbert, tobert, contubert, contubart, dosbertar, do-s-bertatar, tubertatar, tubartadar, dobertsat, dobreth-, dobreth, dobretha, dobrethsat, tabarr, taborthar, tabraiter, doberr, dober, do-berar, duberar, doberair, tabarr, tobarr, tabar, dobertar, tobertar, tabartar, doberthe, dobertha, tibirthi, dubertis, dobertis, doberthar, do-m-bertar, dopartar, tabarthae, tabarthe, dubertis, dobertais, dobérthar, dubérthar, tibérthar, bērtar, tibertha, tibertais, dobreth, tobreth, tubrad, tabrad, tobrad, dobretha, tabart(h)ae, tabarthi, tarti, tartat, tardatis, tart-sa, dord-sa, tartar, conas-tarddur, tarttai, durata, dorata, tarta, condarta, tharda, fris-tarddam, dorattid-si, tartaid-si, tharddaid-si, doratat, conda-tardat, condartin, condardad, tarddad, thardad, tartaitis, doratus, doratas, tharddusa, tartus, doratis, doratais, duratais, duratis, donrátais, dartais, tharddais, dorat, doratastur, tarat, tarat, condadarat, tard, doratsam, doratsamar, tartamar, daratsid-si, doratsaid, thardsaid, doratsat, doratsatar, tartsat, tardsat, conda-tarsat, tartsatar, ní tartisset, doratar, dorattar, tartar, condartar, dorataiter, ndartaiter, tarta, tartha, doratad, doradad, doratath, tartad, dardad, tardad, dorata, doratta, tarta, tuic, tuic, do-n-uc, tuc, tucaid, tuicet, dofuci, do-t-tucai, duduccai, tucait, dofuctais, conos-tuc, conda-tuc-si, conda-tucc, tucar, tuicce, tuigi, tucair, tuca, tuccas, conos-tucam, thucaind, nacha-tucad, conna-tuctais, do-n-uccus-sa, tuicais, dofucais, rothucais, tucais, do-n-uic, du-n-uic, d-a-uic, duuic, duic, tu-n-uic, tuicc, tuic, tuic, da-uc, duuc, tuc, doḟuc, domfuc-sa, doruc, rodatuc, tucastair, tugasdair, dofucsam-ni, da-b-ucsum, tucsam, tucsam, tugamar, tucsaid, tucsabair, du-nn-ucsat, dofucsat, tucsat, tucsatar, tucthar, con-ducthar, thuicter, duccatar, tuctha, ducad, tuccad, tucad, tuiced, fofuctha, tucait, do-ucci, tucu, dofuca(a)im, tuicim, do-sn-ucci, dusn-ucai, dorucai, tuicci, thuccai, tucci, tucai, tuice, do-uicim-ne, tuigmít, dofucaid, do-nd-ucet, thuccat, thucat, thuicit, tuigit, tucad, tuctais, tuicce, condid-tucce, tucca, do-nd-uccam, tucid, -tuccid, conducaid, nis-tuccin, dos-fucad, rothucad, condid-tucmis-ni, tuicfe, tucfa, dofucfa, tucfa, da-ucbaid-si, tucfait, nodafucfad, dofucébad, tucus-su, rothuic, thuiccestair, tucsid-si, do-tuicetar, tucsat, tuicset, duucthar, dohucthar, tuucthar, tucthar, tucatar, tuctar, du-n-ucthar, conducthe, tuccfither, dofuicfind, tuicti

v (* to-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 469 ), gives, places; brings, gets . The perfective forms are supplied, in the meaning gives, places , by *to-rat-, in the meaning brings, gets by *to-ucc-; in later lang. the perf. do-ucc (tuc) gradually takes the place of do-bert and do-rat and is sometimes used to gloss the two latter, cf. tard .i. tug, O'Cl. Forms of *to-rat- are, however, permissible in bardic verse, see IGT Verbs § 14 . The perfective *to-ucc- (lit. can bring ) also forms a complete paradigm without distinction of perfective and non-perfective forms, with the meaning understands (later tuicid) the vn. being 2 tabairt later replaced by tuicsiu.

Ipv. 2 s. tabair, Ml. 27c12 , 87d12 . taber, Thes. ii 250.16 . tabar, TBC-I¹ 1482(LU) . 3 s. taibred, Wb. 22b7 , 12 . tabrad, PH 6017 . 1 pl. taibrem, Wb. 13d15 . tabram, PH 3757 . 2 pl. taibrid, Wb. 16c17 . taibrith, 6a20 . tabraid, Corm. Y 323 , PH. 3 pl. taibret, TBC-I¹ 2980 . tabrat, PH 6137 , etc.

Indic. pres. 1 s. dobiur, Wb. 14a20 . dodasbiur, Anecd. ii 16 . doberim, PH 2764 , etc. ní thabur , Sg. 179a4 . nis-tabor, 204b5 . 2 s. dubir, Ml. 105d4 , 110d13 . dobir, Thes. ii 249.1 , 2 , 3 . dobere, -i, PH 1777 , etc. ní tabair , Ml. 63c13 . na tabrai, SR 848 . 3 s. dobeir, Wb. 21a13 . dober, 14b15 . TBC-I¹ 62 , 71 (LU), etc. ni tabir , Wb. 14b15 . ní tabair , Sg. 214a5 . 1 pl. doberam, Wb. 13b15 . ní taibrem , 15c9 . ní thabrum , PH 2070 . 2 pl. d-a-berid-si, Wb. 24c16 . 3 pl. doberat, Wb. 15b2 . PH 1135 . doberait, PH 2652 , etc. Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.10 , etc. fuantaibret, Ml. 45a3 . ni thabrat , PH 1952 . Impf. 3 s. doberad, TBC-I¹ 279 . 3 pl. dobertis, Ml. 54c30 . do-m-beirtis, 90d17 . co tabratis , PH 6290 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. doberae, Ml. 106c1 , cf. 94d4 . ni taibre , Wb. 29a22 . ni toibre , a20 . mani thobri , ZCP viii 313.4 . 3 s. dumbera, Ml. 40c21 . ceni taibrea , Ml. 93a9 . mani thobrea , Wb. 4c20 . nā tibri , SR 1659 . 1 pl. doberum, PH 5819 . 2 pl. donberaid-si, Wb. 16c9 , cf. 8d21 . doberthi-si, PH 5785 . ní tabraid , Wb. 6c1 . 3 pl. du-m-berat, Ml. 40c21 . dusmerat, Mon. Tall. 144.14 . ni thabrat , Corm. Y 1059 . Impf. 2 s. dubertha, Ml. 130d15 . ma doberthusa , Anecd. iii 30 . 3 s. doberad, Wb. 32a12 . mani taibred , Ml. 35c26 . arná taibreth , LU 11025 . 2 pl. cia doberthe , Wb. 15d8 .

Fut. 1 s. dobéer, Wb. 12c35 . dobér-sa, TBC-I¹ 185 . SR 2885 . da tiber , TBC-I¹ 2301 . ní thibér , SR 842 . nach tiubér , Imr. Brain i 67.12 . ní thiubar , Ériu i 93 . 2 s. doberae, Ml. 44a20 . in tibéræ ? 77a16 . 3 s. dos-mbéra, Wb. 13b30 . ni thibre , PH 7950 . Corm. Y 698 . ni tibrea , TBC-LL¹ 3502 . nach tiubrae , BNnÉ 309.27 . 3 pl. dobérat, Wb. 6b27 . TBC-I¹ 1133 . mani thibreat , TBC-I¹ 2980 . Condit. 1 s. dobēraind-sea, TBC-I¹ 824 . nach tiobhrainn-si , MR 284 . 2 s. co tibartha-sa , Imr. Brain i 63.15 . co tiubharta , 68.16 . 3 s. domberad, Ml. 108a5 . nandatiberad, 97d10 . na tibred , LU 3171 . nachis-tibred, Thes. ii 341.37 . 1 pl. dobérmais, Imr. Brain i 69.20 . PH 7233 . na tibrimmis , CRR 33 . ni tiubhrumais , Ériu iii 158 . nach tiurmais , Acall. 5675 . 2 pl. do-sm-bérthe, Wb. 19d24 . 3 pl. día tibertais , LU 3448 . nis-tibritis, RC iii 175.11 . co tiuradais , ZCP vi 276 .

Pret. 1 s. do-m-biurt, ZCP iv 43.4 . dondmbiurtsa, TBC-I¹ 3556 . dobert-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1893 . CCath. 1702 . 2 s. dobirt, Ml. 56a13 . dobertais, TBC-LL¹ 1105 , 1621 . 3 s. dobert, Ml. 23b10 ; 58c4 . TBC-I¹ 326 , etc. dubbert, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 241 ). tobert, TBC-I¹ 655 . Fianaig. 24.4 . contubert, Hib. Min. 77.19 . contubart, Thes. ii 242 . 3 pl. dosbertar, Tur. 128 . do-s-bertatar, TBC-I¹ 912 (LU), 1788 . tubertatar, IT i 137.11 (LU). cu tubartadar , TBC-I¹ 3069 . dobertsat, Alex. 5 . CCath. 3255 . AFM 1172 , etc. In Mid. Ir. the passive dobreth- (see below) is somet. used to supply act., 3 s. dobreth, TBC-LL¹ 674 , 1930 , 1958 . dobretha, CRR 8 , 53 . FB § 38 . LU 10168 . TBC-I¹ 2210 , 2212 . TBC-LL¹ 101 , 468 , 655 . 3 pl. dobrethsat, TBC-LL¹ 1315 .

Pass. ipv. s. tabarr, Ml. 104b2 . na taborthar , ZCP vii 311 § 14 . pl. tabraiter, TBC-I¹ 1471 (LU). Indic. pres. s. doberr, Wb. 3c1 ; 28c4 . dober, Ml. 56b11 . do-berar, 60b19 . TBC-I¹ 1160 . duberar, Ml. 105d6 . doberair, PH 2161 . dia tabarr , Wb. 17a3 . Corm. Y 32 . ara tobarr , Wb. 12d29 . forsa tabar , Ml. 54a2 . pl. dobertar, Wb. 10d20 . tobertar, Ml. 25b6 . ni tabartar , 101d6 . Impf. s. doberthe, Ml. 115a14 . Wb. 10d16 . dobertha, Corm. Y 391 . intan na tibirthi , CCath. 1496 . pl. dubertis, Ml. 89a2 . dobertis, Tur. 110c . Corm. Y 48 . Subj. pres. s. doberthar, Wb. 13a3 . TBC-I¹ 1579 . pl. do-m-bertar, Ml. 45b5 . cia dopartar , Todd Nenn. 216.13 . Subj. impf. s. ceni tabarthae , Ml. 40d20 . trissa tabarthe , 36a1 . pl. dubertis, 84c9 . dobertais, 90a14 . Fut. s. dobérthar, Wb. 16a13 . dubérthar, Ml. 72d18 . ni tibérthar , Wb. 18b11 . pl. intan dum bērtar , Ml. 69b1 . Condit. s. dia tibertha , FB § 90 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 159 . pl. ni tibertais , Ml. 15c7 . Pret. s. dobreth, IT i 131.8 (LU); 138.15 (LU). Hy. v 85 . tobreth, IT i 130.23 (LU). hi tubrad , Hy. i 3 . co tabrad , TBC-I¹ 1637 . ni tobrad , 1536 . pl. dobretha, TBC-I¹ 3072 . TBC-LL¹ 2587 . ZCP viii 312.21 . Part. tabart(h)ae. Verbal of necess. tabarthi. Vn. 1 tabairt.

Perfective forms.

A From *to-rat-. Indic. pres. 3 s. manid tarti can give, Ml. 51b7 (see GOI p. 345 ). 3 pl. ni tartat , Thes. ii 2.32 . Impf. 3 pl. nad tardatis , Ml. 85d5 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ara tart-sa , Wb. 14d17 . meni dord-sa , Rawl. 156b20 . co tartar , Ériu v 240.129 . conas-tarddur, TBC-LL¹ 943 . 2 s. co tarttai , BNnÉ 302 § 10 . 3 s. durata, Ml. 57a13 . dorata, ZCP vi 266 § 10 . arna tarta , Wb. 11b18 . condarta, 28b31 . ni tharda , SR 2727 . 1 pl. fris-tarddam, Thes. ii 293.19 . 2 pl. dorattid-si, Wb. 16c11 . dia tartaid-si , Ml. 83b11 . ni tharddaid-si , LL 279a31 . 3 pl. acht doratat , Mon. Tall. 141.16 . conda-tardat, Ml. 131d16 . Impf. 1 s. condartin, Sg. 209b26 . 3 s. condardad, Ml. 77a7 . co tarddad , SR 2836 . muni thardad , TBC-LL¹ 4310 . 3 pl. co tartaitis , TBC-I¹ 1461 (LU).

Perf. 1 s. doratus, Wb. 8c6 . SR 1866 . doratas, Trip.² 1056 . ni tharddusa , RC iii 185 . dia tartus , Ériu vii 219.13 ( LL 209b ). 2 s. doratis, Ml. 56a15 . doratais siu, 43d18 . duratais, 56b24 . duratis, 80b2 . donrátais, SR 1756 . in dartais , SG 415.11 . ni tharddais , TBC-LL¹ 484 . 3 s. dorat, Wb. 4b10 , etc. doratastur, ZCP vii 320 . nícon tarat , Ml. 36a1 ; co tarat , SR 2193 . condadarat, TBC-I¹ 1875 (LU). dia tard , SR 2811 . 1 pl. doratsam, Wb. 13d15 . LU 2331 . doratsamar, 2333 . tartamar, ZCP viii 213.27 . 2 pl. daratsid-si, Wb. 24b21 . doratsaid, LU 2326 . ni thardsaid , 2345 . 3 pl. doratsat, Ml. 115b8 . SR 3664 . LL 256a43 . doratsatar, SR 3508 , 3401 , etc. ni tartsat , Wb. 24b20 . LL 254c23 . na tardsat , CCath. 5119 . AFM i 16.13 . conda-tarsat, Ériu iii 141 . co tartsatar , Hy. v 53 Comm. ( Thes. ii 340 ). ní tartisset, Wb. 1b17 . Pass. subj. pres. s. doratar, Rawl. 107b17 . dorattar, Anecd. ii 32 . Lism. L. vii 28 . ara tartar , Wb. 15a19 . condartar, 20c24 . pl. dorataiter, IT iii 53.3 . co ndartaiter , Trip.² 1294 . Impf. s. ara tarta , TBC-LL¹ 1547 . mani tartha , BColm. 88.14 . Perf. doratad, Wb. 4a18 . doradad, 23c16 . doratath, Sg. 7b18 . ara tartad , Ml. 90a7 . con dardad , 98b8 . forsa tardad , 80d4 . SR 6251 . pl. dorata, Ml. 54c17 . LL 282b7 . doratta, SR 6745 . nad tarta , Ml. 40a13 .

B From *to-ucc- (in meaning brings ): Ipv. 2 s. tuic, Tec. Corm. § 18 . na tuic , Wb. 10a30 . do-n-uc, ZCP iv 42.16 ( TBFr. 283 ). tuc, TBC-I¹ 1333 , 2287 , etc. 2 pl. tucaid, LU 8197 . TBC-I¹ 323 . 3 pl. tuicet, LU 7873 ( BDD 145 ). See ZCP xxiv 123 - 4 . Indic. pres. 2 s. dofuci, LU 1558 . do-t-tucai, IT i 208.21 . duduccai, Ml. 27d23 (see, however, GOI § 678 ). 3 pl. tucait, IT i 226.30 (LU). Impf. 3 pl. dofuctais, SR 4524 . Subj. pres. 1 s. conos-tuc, SR 1665 . conda-tuc-si, TBC-I¹ 1589 . conda-tucc, 464 . tucar, Imr. Brain i 67.23 . 2 s. dia tuicce , TBC-I¹ 1580 (LU) = tuigi (YBL). da tucair , ZCP vi 272 § 7 . 3 s. dia tuca , TBC-I¹ 1589 . rel. tuccas, SR 2384 . 1 pl. conos-tucam, SR 3979 . Impf. 1 s. mani thucaind , TBC-I¹ 798 . 3 s. nacha-tucad, Ml. 125b7 . 3 pl. conna-tuctais, SR 5651 . Perf. 1 s. do-n-uccus-sa, Wb. 30a11 . 2 s. tuicais, Ml. 56a13 . dofucais, TBC-I¹ 3385 . rothucais, Ériu iv 138.18 . tucais, ZCP viii 109.24 . 3 s. amal do-n-uic , Wb. 10d37 . Ml. 16b12 . du-n-uic, d-a-uic, Ml. 118b6 . duuic, 84c24 . duic, 25d18 . tu-n-uic, 51c26 . tuicc, 98c11 . tuic, 30c5 , etc., Wb. 21d1 . ni tuic , Wb. 23a10 . Ml. 51d2 . da-uc, Ml. 38c1 . duuc, 36c1 . tuc, 40c17 . Wb. 24b25 . doḟuc, SR 7296 , cf. 4426 , 5179 , etc. domfuc-sa, Ériu iv 140.3 . ? doruc, ZCP vi 28.18 . rodatuc, TBC-I¹ 3584 . tucastair, TBC-I¹ 2495 . tugasdair, Todd Nenn. 32.14 . 1 pl. dofucsam-ni, RC iii 185 (LL). da-b-ucsum, Lism. L. 3825 . tucsam, SR 6319 . ni tucsam , Wb. 29b14 . tugamar, Ériu i 22.105 . 2 pl. tucsaid, TBC-I¹ 1320 (LU). tucsabair, 2492 (YBL). 3 pl. du-nn-ucsat, Ml. 92d1 . dofucsat, SR 5041 . tucsat, 1360 . TBC-I¹ 42 . tucsatar, Metr. Dinds. ii 100.5 , etc. Pass. indic. pres. s. ni tucthar , Wb. 27d22 . Subj. pres. s. con-ducthar, Sg. 200b13 . mani thuicter , TBC-I¹ 1239 . pl. in duccatar , Wb. 9b19 . Impf. s. co tuctha , SR 6567 . TBC-I¹ 1331 . Perf. s. ducad, Ml. 56c11 . tuccad, Wb. 24b26 ; 28a3 . tucad, Sg. 202b8 . SR 3289 , etc.; dia tuiced , Wb. 12b12 . pl. fofuctha, SR 3263 . tucait, CRR 13 , TBC-LL¹ 65 etc.

Vn. 1 tabairt.

Forms of do-ucci understands. Indic. pres. 1 s. hi tucu , Thes. ii 293.25 . dofuca(a)im, PH 1792 . tuicim, 1779 , etc. 3 s. do-sn-ucci, Wb. 22c1 . dusn-ucai, Ml. 42c12 . ? dorucai, SR 7983 . tuicci, Wb. 12c26 . air thuccai , Ml. 42c8 . ni tucci , Wb. 12d6 . ní tucai , Ml. 42c7 . tuice, PH 2369 . 1 pl. do-uicim-ne, PH 750 . tuigmít, ib. 2 pl. dofucaid, SR 7984 . 3 pl. do-nd-ucet, Wb. 8a14 . ní thuccat , 12c20 . ní thucat , 15a34 . thuicit, PH 7300 . tuigit, 7738 . Impf. 3 s. cona tucad , SR 2763 . 3 pl. tuctais, Ml. 125d13 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ara tuicce , Wb. 28d7 . condid-tucce, 30a19 . 3 s. ara tucca , 27b27 . 1 pl. do-nd-uccam, 24a22 . 2 pl. ara tucid , 32a3 . -tuccid, 21c11 . conducaid, 21a8 . Impf. 1 s. nis-tuccin, Wb. 12d25 . 3 s. dos-fucad, SR 3228 . arna rothucad , Trip. 396 . 1 pl. condid-tucmis-ni, Wb. 20d17 . Fut. 2 s. tuicfe, PH 2037 . 3 s. tucfa, Wb. 12d12 . dofucfa, RC xxv 248 . ní tucfa , Wb. 12d3 . 2 pl. da-ucbaid-si, Wb. 21c12 . 3 pl. tucfait, RC xxv 248 . Condit. 3 s. nodafucfad, RC xx 134 = dofucébad, LU 386 (ACC). Perf. 1 s. ní tucus-su , Ml. 91c1 . 3 s. rothuic, PH 4437 . nír thuiccestair , BNnÉ 323 § 33 . 2 pl. ní tucsid-si , Wb. 12a3 . 3 pl. do-tuicetar, BCC 127 . ni tucsat , Wb. 15a32 . nad tuicset , 15a29 .

Pass. indic. pres. s. duucthar, Ml. 51c24 ; 55a10 . dohucthar, Sg. 210a4 . tuucthar, 42c2 . ní tucthar , Wb. 12c46 . pl. ní tucatar , Wb. 12c43 . nad tuctar , Ml. 112d7 . Subj. pres. s. du-n-ucthar, Ml. 79d2 . Impf. s. conducthe, Ml. 51d1 . Fut. s. ni tuccfither , Wb. 8a5 . IGT Verbs § 71 .

Vn. 2 tabairt.

I

(a) gives , with DO of recipient (somet. with dat. inf. pron.); glosses Lat. dare, Ml. 25b12 , Sg. 163a3 , 209b26 . ní cuinginn is doberainn, Tec. Corm. § 7 . ni tobair ní i n-aiscid he never gives anything as a gift, Lec. 460c47 . ba ferr lin dobertha oldaas a bith tarngire I had rather it were given than constantly promised, Mór M. 262 . cen co tucaind ar áis, doberaind ar écin, TBC-LL¹ 150 , cf. 132 . duine is mō dobered d'etach ┐ d'innmus i nErind, RC xvii 407 . más for óin doratadh in fearann if the land has been let for hire, Laws iv 132 Comm. doberae maith tar æsi n-uilc, Ml. 106c1 . doronus dóibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne . . . ni tardad dúas dar a héisi, ACL iii 296 . dobēr . . . otha mo glūn co m'imlinn I will give my love, TE § 10 . dotberae eislis he will treat thee with contempt, Mon. Tall. 142 (for constr. see KZ xlviii 48 ). donbert ingantas mór méd a delba his size inspired us with great wonder, Ériu iv 138 . nicon fail ina sealba ní nā tibre dam, Corm. Y 698 . cia chondesin far súli, dosmbérthe dom, Wb. 19d24 . doradsad mōr do maith do they had shown him much kindness, TBC-I¹ 3542 . a n-ōl meda dí dobreth (.i. tucad), Hy. v 85 . dobeir pōic di gives her a kiss, RC xxiv 198 . duber-som ainm claidib donaib briathraib he gives the name of sword, Ml. 77a2 , cf. Sg. 156b6 , Wb. 20c24 . doratsat fir nÓlnécmacht in riastartha do anmm do C[h]oinc[h]ulaind gave the name . . . to C., TBC-I¹ 1455 . ni tardsad cís nā cāin dōib, Todd Nenn. 72 . gach manach nach tiubrae | a edbairt don ecclais, BNnÉ 309 . dobēra in prímfáidh nemh d'anmain gach aoin, Duan. F. i 10 . ni tardai do rūn do mnāi tell not thy secret to a woman, Anecd. v 9 . ba Patric dubert baithis du C. who baptized C., Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). doratta duit . . . do guide thy prayers are granted, Thes. ii 318 ( Hy. ii 50 Comm. ). dobert R. altugudh buidi do Dia, BS 4 . dorattar doibh an bennacht, Anecd. ii 32 . go nach dtiobhraidh aon neach ceannas dá chéile not one will yield supremacy to (i.e. come short of) another, ML 6 . do Dia doberat edil offer prayers, Corm. Y 513 . cia freacra dobērad an t-eicsine dō, 825 . dind fortacht durat Dia do, Ml. 40b8 . nach tiobhraidh foidhide do neach will not show patience, TSh. 9038 . cid ara tarat in bēist . . . onoir do Brigit, Hy. iv Pref. dobēr-sa do breath fēn duid I will give thee thy own award, Lec. 156c38 . úar na tabrai rēir d'Adam thou dost not obey, SR 848 . cid bé ainder mná dobéra toil don fhior gráid shall love, SG 47 . cia doberad eolus dam-sa co Mag R.? who would guide me, MR 276 . dorad failti do ḟileadaib welcomed, Lec. 286b5 . ní tart termann do Themraig gave not protection, Metr. Dinds. i 26 . ni tharad (tharat, LU) menmain do thuus na conaire paid no heed, TBC-I¹ 233 . nā tabhair h'aire doib heed them not, BCC 190 . cidh tuc duit-si mh'aithne-si? how dost thou know me?, BS 138 . mor . . . in dimiad tuc mac mo mathar damsa, Lec. 613b6 . deargruathar Tuathail . . . sochaidi da tuc imned, 590a10 . dobertsat a milid frit[h]bert amnus dosum, CCath. 3255 . amail . . . na tard tograim nā toruighecht do mhacaibh Israel did not give chase to, Leb. Gab.(i) 200 . ni thucsat claonadh don scēl they did not distort the affair, Fl. Earls 62 . dobert buille don c[h]ip struck, Corm. Y 690 . dobertsad frais d'[ḟ]ōidib doib hurled at them, Lec. 617a24 . tucsadar dāil bāis don rig, 603a14 . tucsat d'Assal écomnart, Metr. Dinds. iii 280 . doratsatar féin dond ríg | a ndoíri gave themselves up as slaves, SR 3405 . thug iad féin do chraosól gave themselves up to drink, Eochairsg. 3 . dobreth ingen Fhoraind dó was given to him (in marriage), Todd Nenn. 230.1 . ni rag-sa, inge mad doberthar Findabair dam, TBC-I¹ 1244 . With vn. or subord. clause as obj.: tucsamar dó . . . labrad remonn we have yielded him (the right) of speaking before us, Ériu iv 108 . tuc do cach thúaith beith cen síd, Imr. Brain ii 301 . tabair do na dóinib cu rafhógnat daitt, PH 7914 . surrenders, gives up: co tucsat in cathraig, ZCP i 398 . tucsatt an barda an baile, AFM v 1846 . In extended sense: cid dobir na cōic seōtu do eneclann in boairech? what causes?, Laws iv 308 Comm. itchonnarc-sa fén hi . . . ┐ dobēr co follus duib-si hi I will make it plain (cause it to be plain), PH 100 . tuc in péist fiacail do (i.e. bit him), SG 252 . tuccadh droch-cuit d'Ua R. don mhígníomh sin a share in this misdeed was ascribed to O'R., AFM v 1826 . d.¤ teist: combad sissi doberad teist dimsa who should bear witness of me, Wb. 18a3 , cf. 15d8 (but: dobiur teist n-airi, 14a20 , cf. 28b31 ). d.¤ cath, etc. gives battle: dobéraind-sea cath do Choncobair, LL 254a22 . tobert tress ndó, Fianaig. 24 . tucatar in gleo . . . dá chéile, SG 271 . doberar in cath i ndorus ind lis, Anecd. v 15 . buadach in tres tucsabair, SG 37 . By analogy: is na flaith tucad in Tāin, Lec. 363b29 . conad impi tucad Tain Bo Fliguis, 387a38 . Cf. further: thugadar dóibh a Fán . . . gur romhuidh ar Ghallaibh they gave battle to them (cath omitted?), Ériu i 78 . d.¤ grád, etc. DO: ni taibrem seirc donaib rétaib frecndaircib, Wb. 15c19 . mairg dobeir seirc do duni, SCC 44 ( IT i 224 ). dorat Ossin gradh mór dind ingin, RC xiii 9 . co tabraitis na lenaim fuath di used to hate her, SG ii 457 . d.¤ . . . do (dia) aire, etc. takes heed: ni thartsat dia n-airi a n-ebairt in drui, LL 254a23 . is tabartha do airi indus in cheneoil the character . . . must be observed, TBC-I¹ 327 . tren doratus do menmain, SR 1866 , cf. 1945 . ní tarat F. do mod sain paid no heed to that, SG 405 . a ben trebar dos-beir mod his prudent wife is astonished, ScM. 3 (see 1 moth and ZCP xxii 29 ). dobeir di óid aní sìn he gives heed to, LU 9826 ( PRIA xix 532 ). an tan tucsat dia n-uidh e when they noticed it, AFM vi 1898 . Saúl ná tabair d'eislis do not overlook S., SR 6110 (see éislis). do thuatha fadéin tuc dot réir ar tús, KMMisc. 260 . Cf. phrases d.¤ aire, menmain, réir do quoted above. Cf. thug sé a dhaoine don chloidhiomh put . . . to the sword, Psalms lxxviii 62 .

(b) do-beir fri = d.¤ do; orig. FRI is used to introduce object or final purpose of action, cf. ind lēire doratsam fri sechim gníme, Wb. 13d15 ; ni fris tarddam ar n-athius, SP ii 3 ( Thes. ii 293 ); in ingen . . . nochostibrea re cétluth, TBC-LL¹ 3502 . Later indicating recipient: cia risa tibre theidm? to whom wilt thou deal ruin?, RC xx 12 . bean fris tabar coibche . . . ┐ fer dobeir coibche mor fri baidsig, Laws iv 56 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 116 ). dobert-som cairdi friu-som granted them a truce, TBC-I¹ 2899 . dobretha ratha fri Laigniu, LU 9797 . a ratha dorat fri Laigin . . . co tart-som gréin ┐ esca friu, MacCarthy 396 . doberim bríathar ris, Fianaig. 82 (see below (j)). dobreth a fír fer fris he was given fair play, Ériu iii 137 . co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn, TTr.² 1803 . dobheirim buidheachas re Dia, Donlevy 434 . trom, trén . . . fris tibhre a fhercc, BNnÉ 35 . The follg. might equally be referred to II: doratad crích fri Mumain, Metr. Dinds. iii 202 . dobert drumain di fri cech cóiced he assigned a ridge of it to every province, Ériu iv 152 .

(c) dobeir (ní) ar gives in exchange for, pays for: amal bid lōg mór dubertha erru, Ml. 130d15 . tuc ar Ioseph . . . trichait leth n-unga n-argait, SR 3151 . is ed lóg doberar ar sáerad in domnaig, Ériu ii 196 . nitad tabartha bui duit ar dartaib thou must not give thy cows for strippers, TBC-I¹ 2856 . dorattsat a milettacht ar miodhlachas exchanged their warlike spirit for cowardice, AFM vi 2298 .

(c 2) do-beir ar makes for, attacks : tuc cóic droch-bachlacha duba | ar tairrsech mo thigi 'five bad malevolent churls made for the threshold of my house' Celtica xxv 23 § 3 .

(d) dobeir (ní) i n-, id. (with notion of compensation or retribution): dobértar dá boin 'sa mboin ┐ dá cháirigh 'sa gcáeirig two cows shall be given for one, Fianaig. 72 . is í eraic doradad ind, Corm. Y 690 . inní doberar isin ní fogeilus . . . what is given for that which (the animal) consumes, Laws i 270 Comm.

(e) do-beir uad gives, gives away ; in Mod. Ir. ó with the reflex. pron. is used when the recipient is not expressed; in older lang. somet. accompanies DO and recipient, e.g. dorat Ianothán . . . huad a heirriud do Dauid, SR 5933 ; tabraid uaib airmitiu glan | dom chomdeilb-si, 1823 , 2881 . dorad Ioseph aichni uad orrtha, YBL 64a45 . dobered huadi-si imchomrac na mac bethad, Mon. Tall. 150 . tabhair cúntas do ghabháltais féin uait, TSh. 229 . dobheirit imat almsan uaidibh, Fl. Earls 100 . an tan mhallaighthear sinn, do bheirmaoid ar mbeannachd uáinn, 1 Corinth. iv 12 .

(f) d.¤ immach gives out, gives away, dispenses: int aenmacc ríg . . . is mō fuair ┐ tuc amach, ZCP viii 111 . nech thinóilfios ó fheraib Eirenn immuig 'na tibra-sum immach, SG 400 . cion do chur i nDruim Lethan | do rioghaibh . . . ni thiubar amach go brath I will never concede, BNnÉ 288 . in éiricc dobéra duine amach, Laws i 76 Comm. dā nōi [mbliadna] dorat smacht amach exercised sway, Lec. 44b40 . dlegur an diet do tabhairt amach nisa mó (= alimenta copiosiora sunt exhibenda), 24 P 3, 73.8 .

(g) Of an author cites, adduces: ní tabair desimrechta hic , Sg. 214a5 . tobertar desmrechta . . . dia rēlad, Ml. 25b6 . is do thucad exemplum for this an example has been cited, Sg. 77b5 . in testimni donucsom riam, Tur. 39 ( Thes. i 486 ). ni tucsam dind lín-sin | acht ríga na sluag-sin we have mentioned only the kings, Fél. Ep. 31 . húare nad tucus acht aní rupu thascide I have set down [in my book] only what was necessary, Thes. ii 225 . dobir in brethem cosmailius don chaingin ima fuiglither cites a parallel case, Corm. Y 611 . it mathi na dūla dorata and the elements which have been mentioned, LL 282b7 . ? dobheirid sgrioptúir . . . dá áitiughadh they quote Scripture to prove it, Eochairsg. 107 .

(h) yields, produces:? caera dona caeraib dobert trefuilngid fora craeb, RC xv 419.19 . nicopé lán-torath dobéra, ZCP xi 94 . ionnus go dtiubhradh sibh toradh, John xv 16 .

(i) utters, pronounces (oft. folld. by ar (ós) aird): dobert a srém caurad asa brágit, TBC-I¹ 1781 . tug A. a ossnam ass, TE 7 (Eg.). dobeir a mairg eisti she laments, SG 254 . dorad a guth n-ard bur aird, ZCP viii 553 . na gáre dosbertatár ar aird, TBC-I¹ 1783 . tugsat gáire . . . ós aird, Fianaig. 88 . doberat nāi ngrecha . . . os ard, RC xiii 6 . go ttug G. osnach éccomhluinn ós áird, ML 138 . dusrat gach aon scret ┐ eigem . . . os aird, Fl. Earls 140 . ag tabhairt a dhocra fein os aird, BS 90 . In absol. constr. (obj. being the statement follg.): imtusa na nGrec doberar os aird it is reported, TTebe 1714 . iomthusa Eoghain, dobhearar ós áird, ML 116 . dāla mac Milead immorro, dobearar os aird . . . dobrisidur cath, etc., Lec. 568a17 . a thabhairt ar aird cia dorinne, IGT Introd. § 1 . cach ní . . . na tuc ar aird which he had not made known, Laws i 208 Comm. Cf. na leabhair sin . . . tuigidh ar aird ma táid libh produce them if you have them (?), Content. xviii 31 .

(j) d.¤ bréthir (luge, etc.) promises, (swears): is andsin dorad Fergus in lugu-sa, TBC-I¹ 3546 . doberim mo breithir . . . conad taesca, etc., RC xxiv 198 . is mór in briathar-sa dobheir an laech that is a mighty vow the warrior makes, CF 139 . dorat a minna took his oath, Fl. Earls 132 . dorat Dauid a theist . . . nā roaentaigset fria mnai swore, YBL 297a33 (cf. CCath. 6154 : dobertis testa an talman do lucht a ḟiadnaisiu they would call the earth to witness). With transference of obj. to thing sworn by: nā salaig ainm do Dia .i. nā tabair d'éthech he do not swear falsely by him, PH 7626 . ná tabhair ainm Dé gan fath, Ó Héodhusa 125 . tabhair an Céolán nár ghoid tu an chulaigh swear by the `Ceolan' (name of a bell), Ériu v 98 . dobhér dhó . . . grian ┐ easga, ML 104 (cf. exx. quoted under (b) above). acht cheana tuigim-se na dei nar-ua cedughud dom vadein I swear by the gods, TTebe 2031 . ná tabhraidh neamh . . . ná tabhraidh an talamh swear not by heaven . . . by earth, Matthew v 34 , 35 ; xxiii 6 . With transference of obj. to statement sworn: tucc E. dá bhréithir . . . nach béardaois, etc. E. pledged his word, ML 134 . doberim dom bréthir ris, Fianaig. 78 . dobermáit dár [mb]reithir, SG 241 . dobeirim fám' breither . . . go ndigeolainn, MR 278 . tugas féin fóm' bréithir nach diongnainn . . ., ML 114 .

(k) d.¤ bréic, etc. imm deceives: na taibred cách úaib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . bréc dorat in ben imond the woman has deceived us, IT i 132 . ní tartat sensus breíc im anmin the senses cannot deceive, Acr. 5d5 ( Thes. ii 2 ). na comarthadha na tardsat breicc immum riam, CCath. 5119 . co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg, TBC-I¹ 1461 . dobera muin n-immi he will be taken in, IT i 144 . See also s.v. 3 muin and muinbech. Different constr. in TBC-I¹ 1595 ( LU 6067 ): dober (leg. doberr) brēc imon n-ingin who is beguiled about the girl (?).

(l) d.¤ agaid (cúl, druim, etc.) turns: nach fuil nech dobera a agid formsa who will face me, CRR 44 . dorat a agaid fri muindtir neime, BColm. 70 . ná tabair cúl dot chétmhóid turn not your back on your first vow, O'Gr. Cat. 402 . nach tug cúl re béim a bíodhbhadh, Ó Bruad. ii 264 . tuc a druim re grian do ┐ a bél a n-airde, CF 358 . nā tabrad a druim fria Ríg, BColm. 100 . na tabair lāim frim do not resist me, SR 3182 . doberat a lām fri hEtail they skirt the coast of Italy, Aen. 137 . dorad a láimh ndeis re dúnadh righ he left the fortress . . . on his right, BS 100 . contardad tóeb fri muir keeping along the sea, Fianaig. 36 . óc in mac . . . dober bond ri Banba ṁbind `who sets foot on Banba's soil', Ériu vii 224 . ní thard troig teichidh ré n-uathad ná ré sochaide he never fled, SG ii 487 . dobeir tóib fri (do) trusts: fri corpthadid doberat Iudai tóib, Wb. 15b2 . ná tabair toeb fri Saul, SR 5956 . is trén an tigerna | rise-tabram taobh, ZCP viii 203 . See taeb. dobeir láim ar (fo) takes in hand, sets about: thug C. lámh ar imtheacht, ITS i 140 . nistibrea liaig laim fom leiges-sa, PH 423 . mór in feidm fa tucais laim, MR 202 . olc in gnímh fa tucus laimh, ZCP x 415 . Note also: tucsat lámh co foiréignech inn they laid hands on him, SG 30 .

(m) With expressions of time spends: taréis a n-aimsire do thabairt dona hAlbanachuibh after the Albanachs had completed their term of service, ALC ii 406 . tucatar in chétsel don oidche re hól . . . tucatar in tres shel re suan, SG 268 . . . . iarla ná tug bliadhain dá shaogal acht ag snoidhe a chnám, etc., O'Gr. Cat. 565 . gearr an seal thugsad fa chion, Content. v 106 . In later lang. folld. by ass: tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach, Fianaig. 52 . dá fheabhas dobhéara duine a bheatha as, TSh. 33 .

(n) With various other nouns: i maigin hi tabair th'úal (= ubi mingis), Thes. ii 248 . dobeir [an gerrán] a mún ann, SG ii 484 . dobérat huili a coibsena will make confession, Wb. 6b27 . co tarat cach díb a chobais dia cēle, Hy. v 33 Comm. ( Thes. ii 335 ). is ris doberead a comairli with him he used to take counsel, Ériu v 236 . dobēram comairli fair-sin we will take counsel on that matter, RC viii 152 . acht int hé na tibri cert who does not deal fairly, SR 1659 . senad sruithi . . . dofuctais recht is canóin who used to deliver (promulgate), 4524 . fer dobered mór ndeg-breth, Metr. Dinds. iii 36 . na hécóire dobertha i taoib araile díob the foul play that was being practised towards, SG 325 . tucsat a bfeidm i n-einḟeacht `made their attack', MR 272 . ? doradadh sin in gnim do geallus doib the dead . . . has been accomplished, ZCP x 303 . o dorat Mártain ní i ḟertaib when M. had done something in the way of miracles (?), RC iii 392 = Lat. Lives 92 . tuc airrdhe na croiche, 94 (perh. taris is understood). a chēim co imthréith ni thard never took a feeble step, LL 140b50 . nach tug céim ar gcúl i ngroidghleo, Ó Bruad. ii 52 . ba hé luas ind ērma do-n-ucsad iar mBregaib the course they made, TBC-I¹ 675 . tuc se leim assan luing, BCC 195 . tucsat a rith robalc | in chonart the hound-pack bore its impetuous course, Metr. Dinds. iii 408 . ní roan don ruathar sin tucustair, Ériu v 242 . tucsat na siabra side made an onset, Metr. Dinds. ii 66 , cf. AFM vi 2114 . rathaigis in slog indas in toichime dombert (i.e. noticed his gait), TBC-I¹ 2939 . tugastair tulgad don mhanaois gave a thrust of the spear, ML 88 . tuccsat a ttaisbenadh fein don dá tighearna sin showed themselves to those two lords, AFM vi 2080 . mairg mathair dorad m' idhna who suffered birth pangs for me, CF 97 . intan dorata na etarnaidi ara chinn ó Loegaire when the ambuscades were laid for him, Hy. vii Pref . ( Thes. ii 354 ). ní tuc urcor n-imraill riam, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . dobir Colmán . . . tí da bachaill makes a circle with his staff, BColm. 62 .

(o) causes, brings about, effects: cid dober th' orfailtius? CRR 18 . fer . . . rodatuc for longes who caused your exile (?), TBC-I¹ 3584 . ní heasbaidh eoluis . . . tug don choirneach mo chrostáil that caused the tonsured friar to censure me, Ó Bruad. ii 208 . tuc mh'eg it has caused my death, BS 26 . súaill nach ttuc mh'oididh, 28 . iarfaidh Dia fort gach aon tucais a malairt (but perh. = i m-malairt?), RC xxxiv 312 . dorat imarbaigh hi tig Guaire, Ériu v 26 . doratsat creidemain gur uo firbriathra . . . gach ar chan in senóir `these showed that', Fl. Earls 128 . dorad Conn sneachta mór tre draoidheacht, Keat. i 116 . a cumuilt don cend ┐ dobeir in folt it promotes the growth of the hair, 24 B 3, 97.3 . Freq. in pass. in sense of occurred: Finachta .i. snechta fína thucad ina ḟlaithius, Lec. 445b9 . noco tucad cith cruaid clochshneachta, MR 236 . tuccadh ár Laighen, 110 . Folld. by vn. phrase or subord. clause: gorab e secrān eagna tuc an baramail sin da tabairt, Ir. Astr. Tr. 30 . cred dober gan comlann éinfir d'ḟagail do?, CF 449 . dober sin nech gan beth dub nā gel, 24 B 3, 103.7 . fiarfaigid Ipocras cad dober gurob faidi an aimser, etc. asks why the time is longer, 23 P 10, 17a30 .

(p) Folld. by adj. or equivalent as complement of pred. makes, renders, causes to be: dosrat inna ligu laid them low, Hy. ii 62 Comm. fer . . . | dober in cosmail cach leirg who renders every slope the same (?), TBC-I¹ 71 . cid donrat samlaid? what has made him so?, CRR 1 , 2 . ri dosrat . . . indara huair blāith . . ., ind uair aili ainbthechae who has made them (the winds) at one time calm, at another tempestuous, SR 93 . dobheir mé duilbhir doirbh, Ériu i 95 . Clann Morna fa líg 's fa lecht | tugais comlomm thou hast brought to bareness, 16 . cid dobeir gan mnái tú?, Ériu iii 152 . domrat Dia cen derbráthair, SG 58 . tug teinn tréith mé, O'Gr. Cat. 527 . intan tucad máthair í when she conceived, SG 391 . dobeir deghdatha í gives it a good colour (the face), O'Gr. Cat. 191 . tug sé minlinnte ina muir, 451 . don tréad tug mo rádh bréagach who have given the lie to my word, Ó Bruad. iii 142 .

II Puts, places, sets: co tarat il-láim na cumaile put it into the c.'s hand, Hy. v 72 Comm. dobertatar in lucuirp luibe do-som ina cluasa(ib) `gave him herbs (to put) in his ears' (put herbs in his ears?), Ériu xvi 38 § 4 . tucad a tosuch fo diu[d] its beginning has been put at the end, Sg. 202b8 . doridne Dia in talam ┐ tuc muir ina thimchell, Lec. 527b12 . dorat in cloidem triasin mbrat ran the sword through the cloak, RC ii 388 . doberait a tri sligi trit, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . tugsat Saxain sceana eturra ┐ a m-maelana hid knives in the soles of their shoes, Todd Nenn. 102 .

Frequent with prepp.

(a) with FO: tarat a bragait fon cungai (of a horse), Hy. v 55 Comm. ( Thes. ii 341 ). ? maccán sē mbliadnae déac intan dobreth fo déraib, ii 3 ( 308 ). loscset dún Cláre . . . tucsat fo thenid etrocht, LL 27b9 . rí dosrat fo thalman tói, Metr. Dinds. ii 40 . dosmbéra fo chumachta in maicc, Wb. 13a30 . ni hed domthabair fo grād which confers dignity on me, SR 3301 . dorad iathu Erenn . . . fo smacht flaithiusa Muman, RC xxiv 186 . dosfug fo baithis ┐ creidim, Todd Nenn. 78 . dosrat fo chlaidiub, SR 4148 . mór do ros-gaibh ban mbáidhe | doradus fo eccaoine have I made weep, BS 130 . ni fuath . . . tug fúm aigneadh athraightheach `that has given me a discontented mind', KMMisc. 242.15 . dorat Dia fo a menmain had inspired them to do it, SR 3704 . dorat Duid bindius foaib (of psalms), Hib. Min. 156 . tucadar dá chapall . . . futha mounted two mares, Imr. Brain i 68 . dobir a anail fóithib, Trip.² 597 . mairg fa ttabhraid mna menma on whom women set their fancy, BS 112 . d.¤ fo dera, see fo-fera.

(b) With FOR (and accus.)

(i) of local relations: intan dobered nech a mēr for a ētan, Corm. Y 48 . roradsat T.D.D. temheal forsan gréin, BB 32a52 . fri hōl . . . dobertis na lestair-si forsna tibradaib, Corm. Y 48 . Eremon fēn dorad fōt furri buried her, Lec. 569a33 . co tarat a tech forthu knocked down the house upon them, Ériu v 212 . tucsat a curach fursan muir, KMMisc. 322 . co tarat fein teinid fair set fire to it, Anecd. iii 34 . doberthar F. for a deisreth let F. be placed on his right, TBC-I¹ 1579 . doratad cumrech forru they were put in bonds, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 323 ). dorigni tech ┐ ní tardad (thárrad, v.l.) simin tuga fair, Trip.² 1816 . tabraid-si ar bur menmain bear in mind, CCath. 5142 .

(ii) With vnn. etc.: tucad for altruim he was put out in fosterage, SG 391 . far ṅDia do forfuc for brath your God has betrayed you, SR 4679 . tuccastair an baile for a cumus placed . . . in his power, BNnÉ 264 . dobert a máthair Corc ar faesum na hamaidi placed C. under the protection of, Lec. 443a32 . cidh rottuc ar gealtacht thú? what has driven thee mad?, BS 102 . co ttucsat misi ar fáoineal ┐ ar foluamhuin, ib. cenco tucad grian for rith cose though the sun was not yet started on its course, Lec. 527b4 . doratad fort sheilb it has been given into thy possession, PRIA xix 546 ( LL 147a 9 ).

(iii) In sense lays upon, confers on, imposes on, inflicts on (both in good and bad sense); in Mid. Ir. often taking the place of an O.Ir. construction with DO: is airi sin doratad foir a n-ainmm sin, Sg. 31a6 (doratad dó is the usual O.Ir. construction). dobretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177 . parrthus talmhaidi doberta for an n-istadh sin, ZCP i 252 . ni taibre grad for nech do not ordain, Wb. 29a22 . co tarda grád fair, 'until he ordains him [king]' Trip. 2303 , PBA lxviii 128 . dobēr indus fair I will reconnoitre it (a route), TBC-I¹ 378 . ordd abgitir dorat forsna consona, Sg. 23b5 . isí roinn tucsat fair the division they made of it, D IV 2, 77 rb 9 . is mait[h] int anocul tuc for na heocha it is well he has spared the horses, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 . go ttarad D. aithne fair recognized him, BS 16 . doberat adrad Dé foirn worship us as Gods, PH 2060 . dobeir barr for sluagu `puts a top on' (i.e. forms a climax, crowns), Fél. Nov. 30 , cf. Mar. 31 . ara tardda bendacht for anmain in truagáin, Thes. ii 257 . arin altrom dobertais[s]iu form-sa, ZCP viii 553 . dober-sa fortacht fair, TTebe 1918 . combad iarsin ḟrecra doberad-si for Meidb, TBC-I¹ 279 . ní thug-san iomagallamh air did not address him, RC xxix 116 . doratsat impidi fair, FB § 27 . ina hetarguíde doberait na nóib fair, PH 6386 . nicon tibre etech form he will not refuse me, Corm. Y 698 . ar son na héra tucais fair, SG 28 . gach tenga . . . forsa tardadh rath, Ériu iv 238 . SR 7143 . rí dorat sobarthain sláin | for ciniud n-amra nAbráim, 7433 . cia ar a ttiobhra [Críost] breath?, Parrth. Anma 93 = Luc. Fid. 49 . dobertis cech n-olc form, Ml. 54c30 , cf. 89a2 . dorat brón for sochaide, Fianaig. 66 . tucatar . . . buaidred ar buidhnibh, 90 . ar ná tucca nech crith fort, Tec. Corm. 46 . ni tarda tusliud form may it not cause me to stumble, Hy. vi 12 Comm. ( Thes. ii 352 ). co tardta bricht suain fair, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . rí fors tardad gūforgall, SR 7752 . tabraidh in adhaidh doberdáiss orainn orra fein, Expugn. Hib. 17 . dobertsad ár adhbhal forra, AFM 1172 . tuc bleith mulind forthu, CRR 25 . ní tuc laech dibh-sin guin air, CF 789 , cf. 129 . ní tabur a chin ar nech blame does not accrue to anyone, Ériu v 26 . tobert a chin forsin fer he charged the man . . . with the injury, Laws iv 178 Comm. ní tharda fornn . . . digail seirb, SR 2727 . ni tarda dínsium for a n-abraim-si do not despise what I say, CF p. 89 . tucsat esbaid aonmeic (sic leg.) ort, a Dé they deprived Thee of Thy only Son, ACL iii 243 . iarsin fingail doratsat for sóerchlandaib Erenn, ZCP xi 63 n. 10 . dobērthar in mor-martra ann for sil Adaim, SR 8179 . ná tabhairthear éigion fair, BNnÉ 28 . dorat forrán for Tamár forced, SR 6710 . dobert-sa gén fort I have made you a laughing-stock, TBC-LL¹ 1893 . dobērat maldachtain form-sa, TBC-I¹ 23 . dorat cúrsachad mór forra, SG 89 . dobérsa miscaid fair, Ériu viii 156 . tabarr pian forsna hí, Ml. 104b2 . ní thabhair Dia orumsa | pian, BS 138 . bóthar na Muilte . . . thug sgís ar mhórán do mhnáibh, Ériu i 101 . uair mian moltcharna doradadh d'á mhathair for Oilill Molt an gcén robhaoi n-a broinn O. M. got a taste for wether-mutton from his mother, Hy Fiach. 96 . Also freq. with ammus, fóbairt, sidhe, maidm, etc., q.v.

(iv) enjoins upon, compels, instigates: dosbēr-sa fort-sa do Dia féin do fácbail, PH 2060 . doradad fair géim drúith do dénam, RC xxiv 54 . is e dorad foraib-si in bréag do cantain, Todd Nenn. 94 .

(c) With FRI: conducthar nomen fris until a name is put to it, Sg. 200b13 , cf. 42b7 , 63a17 . dobreth coirthi fria chenn ┐ araile fria chosa, TBC-I¹ 419 . dobert aigid fri aigid, Fianaig. 36 . tucastar sciath fri sciath, CRR 45 . ise naidm dorad Corc mac L. ria lāim Conaill the compact which C. made with C., Lec. 410a29 . ar des rīg is ruirech | doradsad frit lāim, TBC-I¹ 2270 . dobheirim m'ainm ré n-abraim I put my name to what I write, Content. xxi 1 . dober frit a l[ín] lae o thus bliad[ne] `thou puttest the number of days' (gl. computa dies), Thes. ii 36 . Of fig. relations: nathir . . . donrat fri saeth tria aslach who has brought us into trouble, SR 1342 . dosrat fri sním, 5797 , cf. 5867 . manip fri toil Dé dosmerat unless they lead him to oppose the will of God, Mon. Tall. 144 . Cf. also under I (l) above.

(d) With IMM: dobeir a dī bois ima dī lecain, Corm. Y 756 . dobert in rígan brat ngorm imbi put on , TBC-I¹ 726 . dorat nél impu, SR 3963 . tobert C. beoil ima heim smeared grease on its hilt, Corm. Y 883 . tuc urrcur de uimpe struck him against it (i.e. the boulder?), CF 221 , cf. tuc béim de immun corthe, TBC-LL¹ 1027 .

(e) With I N-

(i) Of local relations: dobert (.i. tuc) díllat i criol Ronchinn, Hy. v 84 ( Thes. ii 347 ). dabir it béulu thou puttest it into thy mouth, Thes. ii 249 . ni thardad dantmir i mbeolu in chind, Corm. Y 1018 . dobeir a láim il-láim tigerna, CRR 11 , cf. SG 90.29 . dorad a mhér a suainemh na sleighe, BS 10 . co tard a fiacla inn, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . baile i tartad in degben was buried, Metr. Dinds. iii 40 . a n-as tardtar ana hūir what is laid in its clay (of a graveyard), Lism. L. 3505 . tucad a talmain la [a] mac was buried, Lec. 580a32 . dorad misi it chumann-sa | mallacht Ronáin R.'s curse has thrown me into thy company, BS 82 . domratad i slabraid I have been put in chains, ZCP vi 263 .

(ii) With abstr. as obj.: gurub faill tug 'n-ar tegmáil he has neglected our quarrel, Ériu iv 216 . mairg thugas neamhshuim a dteangainn a dhuthaoi féin, O'Gr. Cat. 219 .

(iii) I N- folld. by abstr.: ní thibér-sa tusa i n-áirem I will hold thee of no account, PH 1804 . ni tabar a n-uimir cenel acht cined dā mac dib nama the descendants of only two sons are counted among the races, Lec. 67b14 . doberr don dligud-so i frithcheist gl. huic opponitur, Sg. 163b10 . doberr hi cotarsne do gl. obiicitur, 21b5 . amal duberad nech do hi ceist as though someone had asked him, Ml. 56a13 . conda-tardat hi coibsin may confess it, Ml. 181d16 . taibred hi cobsin di anmcharait, Ériu vii 158 . na peacaidhe thug duine i ndearmad, Eochairsg. 108 . ar nachat-tarda nech i n-éislis lest thou be neglected, Tec. Corm. 46 . ní thard ó D. na sgéla sin i foill, Hugh Roe 118 .

(iv) With pers. obj., brings, puts (into a state or condition): as é domrad a n-ainriocht, BS 42 . as Dia dudnuic issa n-imned, Ml. 44d14 . dosbér uili i mbás i mbath I will destroy them, SR 2431 . ó dotrat i socht, i sním, Ériu vii 225 (impers. use of vb.?). dosrat a snim mor sloigh na nG. um an ni-sin the hosts of the G. were sorely troubled about that matter (cf. prec. ex.), Ériu v 146 . do naemaib Eirenn tuc sadaile na bethad-so i dtarcaisne who spurned this life's luxuries, O'Gr. Cat. 638 . Cf. further: a flaith . . . dosrat hi ceathra ranna fichet, Lec. 45b40 . Cf. I (p) supra.

(f) With TAR: ronfialadar .i. dorata a fial torund may He put His veil over us, Hy. i 1 Comm. ( Thes. ii 299 ). tardad dícealtar tairsib, ZCP viii 103 . dobert láim dara agid, TBC-I¹ 1841 . co tarat láim dar hiffern (of Christ harrowing Hell), SR 7772 . tabraiter láma tairis let him be seized, TBC-I¹ 1471 . dorat sighin na croiche tairis crossed himself, RC xxxiv 322 . dobér-sa . . . a crosa dar m'aigidh, ZCP viii 110 . fuilt dar a tabar, it liat[h]a upon which it is poured (of a well), Todd Nenn. 194 . co tabrad usce dar a lámu, RC ii 400 . dorad Dia dilind tarsin n-uili doman, Lec. 534a31 .

(g) sends: tabar fer for āth damsa (a challenge), TBC-I¹ 1482 (where senses give and put are both implicit). dobretha Medb techta for cend Fir Diad, 2210 , 2212 . co tibred aingliu i m-agaid-si that he would send angels to encounter me, PH 1786 . dobretha C. nonbor úad . . . do chuingid mna do Ch., LU 10168 . comadh iat a daltadha doberta ar amus Sencháin dús cia dhib, etc. who were sent to S., ACL iii 5 . doradad Paladius a papa C. do progecht soscela do Scotaib, BB 10a26 .

III Brings, leads .

(a) fedar .i. . . . dohucthar (referring to Lat. ferri), Sg. 210a4 . donfé .i. donfuca may she bring us, Hy. iv 2 Comm. ( Thes. ii 325 ). dodfetis .i. dobertis, Hy. ii 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 312 ). ní fitemmar can doberr whence it is brought (of a variant reading), Sg. 32b5 . dobreit[h] dobarchi isin comhbreic (the word) `dobarchi' has been introduced into Cymric, Corm. Y 311 . is é Nothelmus tucastar epistil ó Griguir, Anecd. iii 64 . in rí thuc inn arcc forcūl who brought back the ark, SR 5505 . ba i ngataib dombertadar a l-loegu, TBC-I¹ 912 . in scian tucad dō a tirib Alban, Corm. Y 698 . Fig. brings, deduces, traces (of a sequence, genealogy, etc.): is amlaid sin tugasdair ar senoir-ne geinilach Breatan a cronicib na Romanach, Todd Nenn. 36 . o Róba . . . tugus co cróda an caithréim | co Codnaig, Hy Fiach. 278 . tucus lim . . . o Chloind Maelruanaid . . . co craeib Luaraid, 214 . With co: tabram ar roisc ┐ ar indfhethium co Dia let us raise our eyes and our thoughts to God, PH 8067 . fén douc a bantigerna chuci, Hy. v 25 Comm. ( Thes. ii 333 ). tuccastair a mac féin cuice d'fir took to her as husband, MacCarthy 288 . ceadh ima ram-tugadh-sa chugaibh?, RC xiv 258 . doberar a drai co Brian, RC xxiv 180 . tug C. clann Cruithnigh do cobraid cuci called in the Picts to his aid, BB 370a42 . caisil . . . .i. cís dobertha o feraib Erenn cosin luc sin, Corm. Y 391 . With DOCHUM: cenis-tuca-su chucud dochom betad hi though thou bring her not to life, Mon. Tall. 144 . tuc na heochu chum beathadh dorísí, SG 25 . dobēra mo des-sa Aenias dochum bāis will put (lit. bring) to death, Aen. 2895 . nis tibritis dochum in carpait they could not bring (the Grey of Macha) to the chariot, RC iii 175 . nír fhác senmóir riam nach tibredh duine dochum creidme, SG 44 .

(b) With LA referring to subject (the usual construction in later lang.): donfuca leis, Hy. i 1 Comm. ( Thes. ii 299 ). co nostucam lenn i mbrait, SR 3979 . tucus mo sheotu lim ┐ mo indili, TBC-I¹ 1612 . In fig. relations: in tucsam Temraig lind? have we taken in Tara in our course? (lit. brought with us), SG ii 492 ( LL 329a5 ). clanda Gaeidil . . . thucsom a n-imthechta lind o . . . thur Neamruad ille we have followed their adventures from the tower of N. onwards, Lec. 565b10 ( BB 38a11 ); cf. Hy Fiach. 214 quoted under III (a). dia tarta nech leis na cōic fa dhó if anyone multiply the five by two, Lism. L. 4618 . With abstr. obj.: tug leis feirg n-adhbhal n-anba | dom athchur he brought with him, i.e. displayed, BS 6 . abradh fris co ná tardad gráin ná hirfuath leis ina dochum, ACL iii 5 . indas na luinde ┐ na barainde . . . tucsat leo isin chath, LL 403a25 .

(c) d.¤ anuas brings down, humbles (mod.): dobhéuruinn a náimhde anuas go haithgheárr, Psalms lxxxi 14 , cf. xviii 27 . Cf. A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 3 : maor nach tug sároghadh síos `who has not taken down my offences' (?). See Desid. Gloss. (anuas) .

(d) d.¤ suas brings up, rears, educates (mod.): nech . . . tuccadh suas i Saxoibh as a óicce, AFM v 1752 . mar neach tugadh suas ionna ḟochair as one brought up with him, Proverbs viii 30 . degh-thabhartha suas well-educated , Rel. Celt. ii 206 .

IV Gets, wins, takes: an extension of meaning brings folld. by certain prepp. such as AS or Ó. Mostly in Mid. Ir. with confusion of do-rat- and do-ucc-, see above under forms.

(a) dorat mac Lonán ar a dhán ó fheraib Eirenn ní nach lugha iná a tuc Guaire immach won for his art from the men of Ireland an amount no less than G. had given away, SG 400 . in tan bes glainiu in anim rop and dos ucca Día may God take the soul when it is purest, Ériu vi 116 . rofāssaigh machaire na Muman . . . co tard iltáintiu carried off, RC xviii 50 (Tig.). tuchta tāinte treabh-clann | la Cremhthand, Todd Nenn. 136 . is ua dobeir cheird who adopts a calling, PRIA xix 546 . cinged issin sliab co tabrad fiad `to fetch a deer', Arch. Hib. ii 70 . tuccusae comarleccud I obtained permission, Mon. Tall. 136 . is iad dobeiredh gach buaidh, SG 34 . dobertatar a búaid they gained the victory over him, ZCP ix 192 . nipad andsu Cuchulaind acht tuctha a c[h]leitine aire provided his javelin were taken from him, TBC-I¹ 1331 . dobered leth brandaigechta ┐ fi[d]chillachta fora thigerna used to win, 2327 . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra, RC v 199 .

(b) With ASS: nicon robae rann di rannaib in domain as nacha tucad Dia, Ml. 125b7 (where meaning is still brings); cf. 94d4 . dotuc ass, a gillai (take thyself off?), LL 117a31 . asa Iubdain tuc mé as `I.'s sandals bore me through undrowned', SG 252 . ond uair doratus[s]a menmain ind, ní thucus as from the time that I set my mind on Him, I have never taken it from Him, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 324 ). dobeir Cuchulainn in ṅgai ass draws out the spear, RC iii 178 . dia taltar in cloch as do chind . . . mani tucthar ass, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 8 . romarbsat he . . . ┐ ni tucsat banne fola as did not draw a drop of blood, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). dibeir coicait Breasal la gach n-ernaighthe a hiffern takes fifty (souls) out of Hell, ZCP vii 306 . dusfuc Patraic . . . a taig Diaboil, ACL iii 303 . rí dofuc brait hiffirn uair | a pēin, a crithfeidm, SR 7777 , cf. 3961 . rocumdaig Dia int asna dorad a hAdhamh, BB 16b26 . dorat an t-oglach brodchú as a choim, Imr. Brain i 60 . saighit na sluaigh an chathair, co ttartsat a seoit . . . eiste, Leb. Gab.(i) 84 .

(c) With DE takes from: dothuc do Adaum a chenn | co ruc co Hierusalem, SR 2235 . dobēraind-sea a c[h]eand de, TBC-I¹ 824 . is he Tuathal tart a cindu dona coiceadaib cut off the extremities of the provinces, Lec. 594a10 = tall . . . dena c., LL 295b13 . co tuc a mind dia chend, SR 6727 . tair . . . fein don craunn | tuc de oen-ubull, 1262 , cf. 1285 . do naimdib doberar `from enemies it is taken', Laws i 228 Comm.

(d) With Ó: dobert secht multu uade carried off seven wethers from her, Hy. v 36 ( Thes. ii 337 ). cid tuccais ó Guaire? what has thou got from G.?, ACL iii 2 . ised tucsam o Máolrúain (the teaching) we received from M., Mon. Tall. 137 . da fuc Michol o Alathis took M. from A. (her husband), SR 6571 . dorad giallu o Findachta . . . ri Laigen, Lec. 138b43 . dorat mallachtain don tí . . . dobera[d] a mainc[h]ine ó Chiarán, ACL iii 226 . dorat buar iomdha uaidhibh, AFM 1263 (iii 392) . co ttarat a réir uadhoibh obtained his demand from them, 705 (i 306) . tuccais an éccsi nglain | ón mnaoi mérghil, ót máthair, ZCP viii 109 . in uainn tucadh? was it taken from us?, Laws i 74 Comm.

(e) d.¤ mnái takes a wife, weds: nā tuic seitchi gl. noli quaerere uxorem, Wb. 10a30 . regat-sa . . . co tuc a ingin, SR 5827 . an adhaigh tuc Mongán Dubhlacha, | tuc Mac an Daimh [a com]alta, Imr. Brain i 63 . co tucas-sa in mbé sáir sláin, Ériu iv 154 . dofuc-som ingin Aithechda, Hib. Min. p. 77 . nach tibrad mnai dogrés dia nustuccad nech ali remiu he would never wed any woman if another had wedded her already, TE 2 (Eg.). ca ben dobér? what woman shall I marry?, ZCP viii 113 . gēba flaithius ┐ dobēra rigan, Aen. 1248 . Fithir álainn . . . in ben dorat rí Berba, SG 360 . co tarat Eochu . . . in n-ingin ba siniu .i. Fithir, LL 294b48 ( RC xiii 36 ). amser i tibred Alax . . . mnái do Grecaib illánamnus, LL 229b34 ( TTr. 925 ). tabhair m'inghen-sa. —Ní thiubhar-sa í, ITS v 148 . annsa n-eiséirghe ní thabhruid fir mná ┐ ní tugthar mná d'fhearaibh, Matthew xxii 30 . With DO: tuc Hiruath ingin Aristopuil ... do mnaí, Ev.Inf. (LB) 381 § 104 . isé in Nemhnall sin dorad Finmaith inghen Carthaigh do mnáoi, BNnÉ 25 § 15 .

(f) d.¤ immach wins, captures (most freq. with vn.) (cf. I (f) above): an ben rucadh uaim-si . . . nach tuitfe fer d'Ulltachaib impe ag a tabairt amach in recovering her, Imr. Brain i 67 . ag tabhairt bhailte móra amach ó na nāimdibh, Rel. Celt. ii 206 . do chuir sídsi 'ma chaislén ┐ níor chinn leis a thabhairt amach, 178 . d.¤ istech id. : tuc A. sin isteach (of land), AFM iv 974 .

V Occas. do-beir appears as an intrans. vb. folld. by FOR or other prep. or adv. in sense makes for; falls on, attacks ; perh. from an orig. reflexive use, cf. dosfucsad dias laech do Laignib for Chond ┐ rosfobairsed Conn threw themselves on C., Lec. 598a46 . dober P. for N. ┐ non-gon, BB 440b32 . imatarla doib . . . co tarat indt aoinfer for firu Erind, Anecd. v 11 ( Sc.M² 8 . See Celtica iii 267 ). ise dorat forru co brath attacked them, ZCP xiii 348.9 . co tuc fói fell upon him (?), LL 260b50 . dorat cách co dúr ┐ co díchra risin debaid betook himself to the fray, 256a43 . doberait a muinter co dichra a n-agaid A., Aen. 2636 . doradsat co dichra 'sin cath, 2859 , 2612 . Follg. ex. is perh. an extension of this use: is andsin tucsad na tuatha-sin rigi do thabairt do S. made a move (decided) to give (?), Lec. 447a39 .

VI

(a) comprehends, understands ; gl. intellegere, Wb. 21c11 . intendere, 15a29 . hi tucu cheist ndoraid where I understand a difficult problem, SP ii 8 ( Thes. ii 294 ). ni tucai cách dib belrae alaili, Ml. 42c7 . duucthar tria rosc aní nolabraifitis, 55a10 . ara tuicce ar-rolegais, Wb. 28d7 . ara tucca cach a canas, 27b27 . ní tucsat cia chruth conrerortatar, Ml. 75d10 . nad tuicset rúna, Wb. 15a29 . ní tucid féin ní da n-abraid, RC xxviii 314 . do neoch dorucai mo rí | bec dofucaid ní dia grés of what my king can comprehend ye understand little (?), SR 7983 . ni frith dó . . . dia drúidib nech dosfucad, 3228 , cf. 2763 . ní ragaib acht nem . . . do cach oen nodgēbad ┐ nodafucfad etir cēill fogra, RC xx 134 . nír thuiccestair an mbreithir atbert R. fris, BNnÉ 323 . do tucsat cēlmhaine na ndruadh, ZCP i 398 . ní tucenn aenduine in briathar-sin uaithe, vi 291 . cindus rothuiggisi in berla ebraidi uaithib ┐ tu fen it' gregach?, YBL 141b22 . Folld. by vn. clause: ni tuccai nech anfoirbthe buith fo riaguil, Ériu i 202 .

(b) perceives, observes, is aware of: tucim nár bé chóir, TBC-LL¹ 4083 . douicim-ne ┐ tuigmit conid mog do Dia tusa, PH 750 . dofuicind Dia . . . co n-oslaicfither bar ruisc (= scit Deus quod aperientur, etc. , Gen. iii 5 ), Lec. 530a10 = dofuicfind, BB 16b53 . ar na rothucad Pátraic cia dia ṅdernad int immun, Trip. 396 . doucad in tan ticfad sonend ┐ donend, LU 823 ( ACC 58 ). dofucfa cách 'na mbia fo menmain a chéli cen a falsigud o briathraib, RC xxv 248 . tuigedh gurab ar gealtacht robháoi an bhen, BS 108 . ní thuigfinn m'imshníom ná m'olc | ar ghualainn mhic C. I should not be conscious of, O'Gr. Cat. 453 . o rathuic corba corp dia adnocul, tuc airrde na croiche, Lat. Lives 94 . o rathuicistair . . . a mbeith nocht (= cum cognovissent se esse nudos, Gen. iii 7 ), Lec. 530a21 . In ipv. oft. folld. by la + refl. pron., tuic lat observe, note , know (common in med. texts): tuic leat gurob comartha bāis, 23 P 10, 3b10 ; 7a1 ; 30a56 , etc. With OC: tuig agad cindus bis tiacht amach an tsile take note how the flux issues forth, 10b26 . Folld. by AR, perceives, knows (by looking at): atcífe diabul ┐ tuicfe a olc fair, PH 2037 . dothuigisdar ar in ablainn ndiatha . . . bí eder a lāmhaib an tsaguirt (sic leg.) . . . co roibi pecadh folaidhthi aigi he knew from the consecrated wafer . . . that he (the priest) had committed some secret sin, Lib. Flav. i 33 rb 12 . tuigim ort go saoiltear libh, etc., Content. xiv 53 . Folld. by ASS knows (from), infers (from): tuicim-se as a tuarascbail, TBC-LL¹ 5660 (St.). issed rotuiccedh as sain, na huilc tháncatar `hence men presaged the evils', SG 406 . tuicter as sin nach fedann laeighi ara taebhaibh it is a sign that he cannot lie on his side, 23 P 10, 3a30 . Vbl. of necess.: is tuicti na comartha-sin do bheith go holc, 24 P 22, 105.13 . is tuigthe dhaoibh . . . gur ab iad sin clann Abraham, Galatians iii 7 . as tuigthe dhúinn as so gurab decair, etc., Ó Héodhusa 15 .

(c) thinks, opines, considers: nihil medico conducibilius censeo . . . .i. ni tuigim go bhfuil ní, etc., 23 K 42, 184.4 . ní thuigim go dtiocfadh rum etc., I do not think that I could agree, Content. ix 5 . cé bé duine nach biaidh leinn . . . tuigmíd gur duine i n-ar n-aghaidh in duine sin, O'Gr. Cat. 468 . do thuicc drong dona hughdaruibh . . . gurab must as ferr a n-ionadh an fhíona, 24 P 32, 52.6 ; 211.9 .

(d) means, signifies (usually in pass.): cennsa tuicther tresin snechta is symbolized by, PH 3386 . triasan uiscce tuicther popul na creitmech, tuict[h]er Críst triasin fín, RC xxxvii 346 . a toghaide tre-uillech, trésa tuicthear in Trinōid, MR 92 . an sextuarius adubramar . . . as é sextuarius an uisce thuigmid we mean a s. of water, 24 P 32, 94.1 . adeir G. . . . antan aderar eiliborus . . . go tuicter eiliborus geal antan sin that white hellebore is meant, 23 P 10, 31b46 .

(e) In certain cases folld. by prep. DOCHUM, DO, FRI (LE), understands (of), applies or refers to (freq. in pass.): species .i. gnē ┐ termin uilidhe ┐ tuicther duine ┐ leomhan chuige sin (i.e. `man' and `lion' are referred to, are examples of a species), 24 P 3, 304.23 . as iad so na daine da tuicter so .i. na daine bis a n-āis .x. bliadan .xx. this applies to persons of the age of thirty, 23 P 10, 8a10 . ni do lucht na paralisi amain tuicter an rādh so this saying applies not to paralytics alone, 44b46 . an spic[a] adubramar, as d'olaidh an spica .n. thuigios Mesué í the `spica' above-mentioned M. takes to mean oil, etc. , 24 P 32, 156.8 . re fiabras coididiana contineoideach is coir sin da thuigsin ┐ re fiabras coididiana nach contineoideach do tuigeadar siad-san he this rightly applies to continuous quotidian fever, but those authors understood it of intermittent, 23 P 10, 163 vb 27 . is amhlaidh bhíos an tslat . . . geal go hiomlán, do chomhartha na firinne lé dtuigthear an ghile in sign of truth with which whiteness is associated (i.e. of which it is a symbol), Keat. iii 151 . creud thuigeas tú lé maitheadh na bpeacadh? what do you understand by forgiveness of sins?, Donlevy 44 .

do-fócaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fócaib or dil.ie/17646
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: túargab-, tecbál, tócbáil, tocbál, tucbál

v (* to-uss-gab-, GOI pp. 341 , 526 . Otherwise Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 530 - 1 ). On vowel of second syll. (short in O.Ir.) see GOI pp. 52 , 526 , and IGT Verbs § 108 and exx. 960 ff. Perf. prot. stem túargab-, later as basis for new present-forms. Vn. tecbál (?), tócbáil (incl. tocbál, tucbál). See do-furgaib.

I Trans.

(a) lifts up, raises (of literal motion): ergc a uerbo erigo .i. tōgbaim, Corm. Y 549 . benaid . . . in sruth co fleisc . . . co tocaib ina hanmand suas do chind na flesci, FA 18 (LB) = co tócband, LU. omna nā tūargaib in slūag, Hy. v 69 . co tuargaib in cloch, Thes. ii 344.18 . ní thuargaib a cend dia glún, IT i 77 (LMU). tanōcaib asin c[h]lud lasodain lifts him, TBC-I¹ 459 . tōcbaid in scīath fris, 3579 . tanócaib súas . . . in cuach n-dercóir, FB § 74 . con tocba clod cechtar a da roth rocharpait, § 34 . tuargabsat a lénte co mellaib a lárac, § 20 . do-fúargaib side fair a gasced uas gaiscedaib in t-shluaig he raised aloft his weapons, IT i 100.20 . dafuarcaib a thré[n]fher dar doraid, Trip.² 2042 . domōcbaid ol sé fria a muinntir lift me up, ZCP iv 41.25 . dohuargaib a dé laim hi crosfigill, Mon. Tall. § 61 . tuarcaib M. airrdhe croiche Crist ina agaid, Lat. Lives 94.1 . tócaibtís ind anmannai a cenna asa fochluib, RC ix 474 . rothocbaidhsed (togaibsid, v.l.) a n-armu, xxiv 202.1 . tocabair amach lasodain ┐ berar chucca, 149.32 . (of malt) co tuargabar ina fotaib `until it is raised in sods', .i. resiu tocbaiter hi ina fotaib, Laws ii 240 , ib. Comm. togtar a slabraid let the chain be taken up, 118.19 Comm. (pres. with ro- of possibility) a lesdar tuargaib fear go glun which a man can raise, iv 166.4 . tuarga[i]b epscop dano a glún ria ríg a bishop raises his knee, Críth G. 605 . a ben tocaib do gnúis nglain, SR 2117 . figuir Crist . . . tuargabad fri crann, 4171 . conúargaib (dothócaibh, v.l.) in mac bec a gnúis ó thalmain, TBC-LL¹ 1254 . tuargaib C. a chend, TBC-LL¹ 2968 . tuargabtar a cind . . . assa n-imdadaib they raised their heads, CRR 15 . tuarcaib a rosc dochum nime, PH 766 . tócbaid do thalmain hi, 7202 . cindus tócbas in genntligecht a cend . . . tar in Cristaigecht, 717 . tócbaid bhar ndoirrsi . . . co ndechsad astech rí na gloire, 3891 . tōcaibther mergi rīg Érend d'indsaigid rīg Ulad, Ériu ii 180.5 . robarta tond tūargabar (tuarcabann, v.l.) heavy seas are lifted up, vii 2.24 . Iudas Semor . . . rotōgaib croich in Coimdeadh iarna cleith fon talmain, iii 198 § 26 . nothōcbadh builcc chorcra fair it used to raise crimson blisters on him, ACL iii 4.28 . dia taethsad nem notogébad naem Cholmán 'na sosad for cúl, BColm. 70.12 . tócbhais a ben féin isin leabaigh leis, Imr. Brain i 65.16 . rothogaibhsead a n-da sciath . . . a n-aicill a cheli, CF 294 . rotógbadar as in coire . . . Iubdán, SG 244.5 . rothógsud . . . mac an diūice ┐ docuirsit ar sdét ele é, ZCP vi 34.26 . tuargabhsat tri bruta . . . i náirde, AFM ii 866.7 . (Of the sun) togaid si suas na fliucadain ┐ an fertain draws up, Ir. Astr. Tr. 26.22 . rithid an taer seimh rompa ┐ togaidh se gaeth it raises wind, 148.3 . dothogbhasdair Dia in n-dluimh teneadh, Hy Fiach. 20.9 . anuair togtar sgaile na ndeathach cum na hincinne (of a fever-patient), 23 P 10, 4b12 . sec[h]nadh na suiper ┐ na hoileamna o togtur dethaigi cum na cinn, 93.8 . seasfuidh gaoth anfadhach ┐ tóigfe suas a thonna sin, Psalms cvii 25 . a neart mar neart Hercules dothóigeadh na sléibhte, GJ iv 18a20 . in tan dotógthar suas ant Abhlann Coisreagtha at the Elevation of the Host, Donlevy 434.5 . dá d-tóigeadh an tighearna easboig-si lámh ós mo chionn, Hard. i 246.y . togfuid nathrach neimhe, Luc. Fid. 380.10 . Of hoisting sails: tuarcaib a seol creda fora churach, RC xvi 31 ( Dinds. 81 ). go dtógbhann an bás . . . a sheólta suas, TSh. 2389 . tógbhaid a seōlta, Fl. Earls 8.7 . Of lifting a boat or ship to or from land: do fócbat a coblach hi tir, Corm. Y 1059 v.l. dia tuicēbat barca for Ess Rúaidh, ZCP xii 238 § 62 . togbhais C. an long leis ó thír, Ériu viii 139.24 . an tōigēb mo c[h]urchān cīar | ōs aigēn uchtlet[h]an ān?, ZCP x 46.5 . Draws up (water): a dtógthar d'uisge as an sruth, Eochairsg. 58.32 . takes up (from the fire): berbtar cerc . . . co ndeachad a trian fo bruith ┐ tágaib ann séin, O'Gr. Cat. 197.17 . digs up, excavates: aer na log asa ttogtar mianach, 3 C 19, 142 vb 10 . With reflex. inf. pron. rises: cioth rodtógbhuais dot choilcthaib? why did you rise from your couch? ITS v 20.10 . tosnúargaib súas . . . isin n-aer, LU 9102 ( FB § 85 ).

Note also: túargabad fornn aire fochide nád tuárgabar nert gl. quoniam supra modum gravati sumus supra virtutem, Wb. 14b22 (leg. tuárgab ar nert, Sarauw).

(b) takes, takes up; brings: is e seo a med togbus in tinde sin do gran cruithnechta this is the amount the t. takes up in grains of wheat, Laws v 18.5 Comm. do gnimuibh risi tocbatur na geill of the deeds by which the pledges are taken, ii 118.5 Comm. rosuidighset a longa ┐ rothocsat a forni leo, Aen. 984 . tócbaid-si lib hé ┐ berid breth . . . fair take him with you, PH 2745 . tuargaib leiss cona arm ┐ cona erriud . . . dar áth fa thuaid é, TBC-LL¹ 3965 . tógaibh leat aní is leat féin ┐ imthigh, TSh. 1013 . tóg do chros ┐ lean misi, Mark x 21 . tógbhuidh mo chuing-si oraibh take upon you my yoke, Donlevy 215.8 . an dtoigeubhaidh misi boill Chríosd chum ball sdríopaidhe do dhéunamh dhíobh?, 1 Corinth. vi 15 . an uile easbog . . . tógbhathar . . . as na daoinibh eile (= omnis pontifex ex hominibus assumptus, Heb. v 1 ), Eochairsg. 25.31 . Of food: sechnadh na nethte o ngeinter linn derg ┐ toctur iad le hursaill let them be eaten with . . ., 23 P 10, 127.12 . Note also: cí bé . . . comhluadar no gnothuigh do thógas suas sinn occupies us, Donlevy 400.12 .

(c) takes away, lifts off, removes: ri dosfúargaib triana nert | a dóire huathmair Egept, SR 5201 . ac so uan Dé nech tócbus pectha in uli domain, PH 3795 . tuargabtar leo Cairpre they carried off C. with them, CRR § 50 . tócbait in tech-sin leo . . . co triall dōibh doridisi (of a temporary hunting lodge), ZCP i 272.2 . galar .i. togbhus an t-olc ┐ fhágbus an mhaith, Triads p. 42 gl. 224 . toc an bir úd co luath ar si as an inadh a fuil se . . . Ni tóicebad ar in to-oclaech take away that stake, BCC § 297 . an tan tógbhaim daorchrios diuide when I take off the . . . girdle, Ó Bruad. ii 70.11 . (Of the amount of wine to be drunk) in méid dodhenad subacus ┐ dotoigebhadh a imshniom, 3 C 19, 82 va 20 . With DE: co rostócuibh in cathair don taeb araill don tsruth removed, Marco P. 68 . gach daoirse da raibhe ar Ghaedhealaibh . . . do thógaibh Brian díobh uile í, Keat. iii 4108 . tógbhaidh sé a n-aire dona neithibh saoghalta (of the eyes), TSh. 9272 . tocaid salcur do suilib, 24 B 3, 109.20 . With ó: adeirim ribh go dtoigéobthar rioghachd Dé uaibhsi, Matthew xxi 43 . tog uait na himshnioma troma, 3 C 19, 161 va 2 . dotóccbhadh a ndúthaigh gusan rígh `were transferred', AFM v 1496.18 .

(d) raises, sets up (of stones, buildings, etc.): tuárgabad lais . . . primchathir mac n-Israhel, SR 6657 . tuargabad leo forsin maig . . . | carnn comluga is comchotaig, 3039 . togabar a coirthe ┐ a liagan, IT i 122.15 . radis M. ara tuargabtha a lía, TBC-LL¹ 1572 . secht cét cell . . . dosnócaib do lár he raised them from the foundation, Trip. 552.8 . rotocbaisit . . . mur derg ind agaid Ulad, Ériu viii 179.1 . ba dōich lim bad Cland Deadhaid donuargaibset, 156.23 . tócaibther leis in cnocc crúaid | fo chosmailius tuir Nemrúaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 . ó Thaltin i tócab (tocaib, MS.) tein raised a fire, 50 . rotōgbad a lia ┐ a lecht ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 30.13 . goill dothógaibh badhbhdún an longphuirt, Hy Fiach. 122.7 . dotógbhadh le Brian iomad droichead ┐ tóchar ┐ slighthe móra, Keat. iii 4117 . dothógaibh Teamhair dá sliocht, Content. iv 33 . go dtógbhaidh tú teach ┐ nár áitighe tú é, TSh. 9706 . i mbás Aman san gcroich do thógaibh féin, 779 . tóg dhamh annso seacht naltóra, Numbers xxiii 1 .

Fig. sets up, establishes: is inti tōsech tuarcgabad an t-ord in it the order was first set up, BColm. 24.26 . dotóccbadh nós ┐ dlicched i naimsir Thoirrdealbaigh, ZCP x 8.7 . ar eacht go dtóigeobhadh an creideamh dobhí ar lár so that he might raise up, Keat. iii 5433 . tógbhait suass . . . gnē dēe they set up a supposed God, Fl. Earls 112.30 .

(e) exalts, uplifts, elevates, extols: tocbaid lobru | tairnid triunu, LU 3417 ( SCC § 18 ). ba léir P. co mbebae . . . is ed tūargaib a fheba . . . suas de sech treba dóine, Hy. ii 24 ( Thes. ii 314 ). rí dorúargaib Héle fáith, SR 7109 . rí . . . os túathaib túargaib Dauid, 6764 . as amlaid sin toicebus Brénainn a mhancha a n-airdi, Lism. L. 3328 . tocbad fírinne . . . notocēba, ZCP xi 88 § 6 . a Dé, rothōcba shinni, ix 468.11 . ro-thócaib cu honorach o ingaire choerech in tí Dauid, PH 6497 . is and romtócbad co mblaid there I was exalted with fame, Metr. Dinds. i 4.43 . dosfuargaib a dímus n-án `her noble pride uplifted her', iii 30 . ni hed as dech doní nech innocbail . . . ferr do co mbad ed dogneth inísli dofoicebad, LL 271 marg. sup. blad a teglaigh tóigéba, Hy Fiach. 192.10 .

(f) draws up, arranges, brings into action (of forces), begins (of a battle): tóccbaigh cuccainn lucht bar ttrebh, Cog. 86.16 . in cath sin rothogbaisiu, MR 172.20 . tuarccabtha tri cath crodha, Mórthimch. Erenn (ed. Hogan) § 25 . tuargabad cath croda a bloody battle was begun, Ériu v 238.100 . rotuarcbaid trommgressa for sciathaib, Alex. 270 . tuargaibsiot a n-iodhna catha forra `put on their arms', AFM vi 2132 . tuargaibset a tindrem | sund a n-inber Bonni they set about their expedition, Todd Nenn. 146.155 .

(g) furnishes, prepares, lays (a table): ní tócaibhter cuach ná cupa dia freasdul, Marco P. 87 . rotógbad buird altacha . . . ann, Fianaig. 56.1 . dotócbad aco blēdedha bánairgit . . . ┐ rotógbad ann corn Finn féin, ┐do thógaibh an eagna teach . . . do thógaibh sí bord = proposuit mensam, TSh. 8812 .

(h) rears, brings up, fosters: in triath romtógaibsea, MR 218.10 . ar is iad Catraighi tuargaib e, BB 250b24 (= rusail e, H. 3.18). da mac Medbi . . . oenben rostuargaib cen tár, Ériu v 225.107 . ba hand rodnalt ┐ tuargabat as a aetidh, Auraic. 235 . ba hannsin rotogbadh Niul i foghloim na nilbherla, Leb. Gab.(i) 192.26 . is aca teagaiscther ┐ tōgoipther suass . . . iad, Fl. Earls 180.30 . Note also: pósfuidh a dhearbhrathair a bhean . . . ┐ tóigeabhuidh sé síol dá dhearbhráthair, Matthew xxii 24 .

(i) With DE, FOR exacts, levies, raises (a tribute or tax): toicebhut-sa mu thinnscrai dhit, Lism. L. 1158 . rothoccaibh a chíos ríoghda forra, Cog. 40.3 . rothócaib dib giallu, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 . T. O Mailconaire do tóg in cis sin do'n Iarla, O'Gr. Cat. 220.38 . dothógbhadar an éiric soin ar Laighnibh, Keat. ii 3572 .

(j) shows, exhibits: tocbaid in corrbolg . . . do ┐ atfet a scela, RC v 201 § 17 . tuargabatar an-nochta ┐ an-náre uile dó, TBC-LL¹ 1361 . túarcaib do indsin in uli flathiusa in domain, PH 4719 . tuárcaib do slicht in gói, 6778 . taispenfa, toigēba . . . a t[h]aob don tsochaidhe, ZCP iii 210.23 . rothocaib a chrechta ┐ a ilgona dona sluagaib, TTebe 2765 . níor thóg M. a aghaidh dhóibh M. did not show his face to them, Caithr. CC 55.y . rotogbadh dosidhe ┐ mar adconnuirc, Lib. Flav. i 11vb32 . condatuárgabusa 'till I have manifested (revealed) it' Wb. 26 d 10 , Celtica xii 15 . tuargab cenn ind rún-sin 'that mystery is manifested (lit. has revealed itself)' Wb. 26 d 11 , Celtica xii 15 . Note also: co tuargaib a argat isin chathraig offered, LL 361 marg. sup. In pass. appears: is amhloidh togaibhthe do na nāimhdip bean uassal there appeared to the enemy a lady, Fl. Earls 48.17 . Also in phrase do-fócaib cenn appears: co tuarcaibh Brēnaind cenn in oidhchi sin dí araile cēile Dē, ACL iii 4.31 . tuargabsat chend in dā trian robátar isin talmain, Fianaig. 34.16 . rothogaib Anachis cend do Aenias A. appeared to Aeneas, Aen. 1193 . a Cháimgin . . . ra báig Molling tócaib cenn, SG 389.26 . dia rothógaibh spirat na hécsi cenn do, Cóir Anm. 272 = torcaib, Lec. 446b41 . duid dothógbhus ceand anocht to thee I have revealed myself, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 74.23 . tri locha ingantach[a] tuargabsat ceand i nErinn anocht, Anecd. ii 5.21 . (Of a river) 'san India tocbhais cenn ar tus, Marco P. 122 .

(k) awakens, rouses, excites: conom-thūarcaib as mo ches | au[r]chor maic Comáin, Fianaig. 40.3 . in ní dothoigébad ferg Dé, PH 7747 . ná tóg fercc Dia, SG 43.33 . ní thóigeba tnúth aoinfhir | . . . th' óirdnedh . . . mar áirdríg, O'Gr. Cat. 470.19 .

(l) utters (a cry or shout), raises (the voice): rothócbatar banntrochta a n-gáiri guil, IT i 128.20 . co ttuargaibhset tri tromghaire ós aird, BS 14.3 . do thogadar na tonna tromghair truaghadhbal da sirchaineadh, CF 736 . rotōcbad muirn ┐ medair na bruidhni, Fianaig. 64.1 . tuárgabad in chlas | do molad De, SR 4037 . tuargaib Balam a guth ngluair, 4805 . tocbus B. a ghuth cu hard, Lism. L. 3621 . tóigfe tú do ghuth suas, Proverbs ii 3 . tógbhaidh bhar n-uaill raise your cries of joy, Content. xvi 72 . tógbhaid na haingil . . . aontsiúin cheoil, xviii 155 n.

(m) takes up, acquires: ? is tre fhír flathemon donfócbat dúili dúsi ili órdai airgdidi, ZCP xi 82 § 21 . do léigeamur bhur gclann le ar gcloinn chum sgoile ionnus gur thógbhadur beagán foghluma, PCT 1717 .

(n) accepts: ionnus gurab moide toigebait a muna uait so that they will the more accept instruction from you, Ériu v 138 § 116 . tógbhaim í (viz. sdair an tsluaigh) mar fhiadhnaise, Content. v 179 . ante . . . nach ttógbhann súas míochlú in aghaidh a chomharsan (= opprobrium non accepit . . .), Psalms xv 3 .

(o) raises (a point), challenges (a statement): is fada atáim ag trácht . . . seach an gcúis ar dtúis do thógbhas away from the point I raised at first, Ó Bruad. ii 234 . ní maith do thógbhais mar bhréig | go dtug it was not wise of you to challenge as false that . . ., Content. xiii 17 .

(p) sets up, causes: as minic togus crupan ┐ toghairmeas an bás, 23 P 10, 24a55 . is i an leisgi ┐ an druis da ní do thog locht isna corpaibh sa Gréig, 24 P 3, 135.12 .

(r) With various nouns: in t-ánius romōr tuargabais fort, Ériu viii 157.32 . dothógbhais béim ar an bhfear, Content. xiii 2 . rothógbatar . . . clesa curad, Fianaig. 96.26 . coscur . . . trén tuargaib, SR 5581 . Nemruad . . . tuargaib a gleo co mórgráin, 2698 . dothógbais . . . iomarbháigh a hucht Muimhneach, O'Gr. Cat. 534.5 . do tógbád imarbhágh uaibh | a éigsi Bhanba, 535.15 . gé dothógbhais air mar oil though you blamed him, Content. xv 50 . bid aithrech leó an triall tóccbaitt, Cog. 86.25 . Note also: tógbhaid anocht ortha . . . | cor gortha don ghalldacht `they undertake to set the Pale ablaze', Studies 1920, 417.19 .

II Intrans.

(a) rises: dofuargaib Adam astsruth, SR 1883 . intan donórcaib grīan, TBC-I¹ 3443 . bás cethorchat . . . dia túargaib . . . grían, Fél. March 9 . túargaib dóib gáeth, Anecd. i 52 § 18 . dufuargabsat huisci moro robuir intan rombói popul dǽ fora muir, Ml. 96c1 . tuarcaib abann Liphe friu, IT i 45.2 . co tuargab ind ob friu tria nert Dé, Lat. Lives 19.12 . túargaib . . . tomaidm locha Léin lindmair, Metr. Dinds. iii 26 . ? Of a muster for battle: do thógbhadar leis an ordughadh Clann Mhuirigh, RC ii 178.9 .

(b) appears: túargaib co sluagaib, SR 6901 . tuarcaib grian na fírinde dóib dá cech leith, PH 7062 . ni tuargaibhset na cōic rōid sin for Erinn gusa anocht, Anecd. ii 5.1 .

(c) betakes oneself, makes off, rides aloft, soars (with various prepp.): do thógaibh Oilill Finn air . . . tresan sluagh siar, Ériu viii 139.1 . in tan fa hollam in fhled . . . thógbus Cathal O Céin air, SG 282.9 . tógbhais Bricni roimhe ó Cruachain siar, Ériu viii 135.22 . rothóguibh rompa da gach muine for a chéile he flew from thicket to thicket, BS 176.32 . ro tógaib Suibhne uime co háithétrom, 16 § 15 . rothógaibh S. uimi co hétrom do ind gach aird, 114 § 57 .

(d) Miscellaneous: tógbhait na nāimhde ōn mbaili raise the seige of the town, Fl. Earls 48.26 . rothōcoibset na doctūiridhe de gave him up, 144.17 .

dúalgas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dúalgas or dil.ie/18960

Forms: dúalas, dúalas, dúalghas

n (1 dúalach) also dúalas u and o, m. dúalas dúalghas, IGT Decl. § 38 .

(a) traditional right , that which is due to a person in virtue of descent, rank, or other qualification: a ndualus (dual, v.l.), a ndindsenchas, Metr. Dinds. iii 284 . do córaiged gach nech ar dualgus a athar ┐ a shenathar ann, SG 203 (order of guests in Tech Midchuarta) = ar duthaig, Acall. 5311 , cf. 5316 v.l. a rīgha ┐ a thōisigh diaidh a ndiaidh do rēir a ndualgus, Marco P. 78 . mac ionghar nach bhfoghnann da senoir do réir a dhualgais, Triads 159 gl. tabhruidh a ndualghus do na huile dháoinibh, Romans xiii 7 .

(b) custom, tribute or other obligation (due to someone): go dtiubhraidís gach ceart ┐ gach dualgas da raibhe ag Mac M. orra all claims and dues, Keat. iii 5152 . do tógthaoi cíoschána ┐ dualgais da gach rígh da raibhe ar Éirinn, ii 2462 . ollamh a sheanchusa ┐ fear coimeada a dhualgais ┐ gach sochair is dual do Ó C. do bheith aige, JRSAI ii 346 . dualgus an tṡagairt dues payable to the priest (mod. Aran dialect), ACL i 154 . i ndualgus an mhuilinn `tribute due' (Gl.), TSh. 10078 .

(c) Esp. in phrase a (as) d.¤ (with gen.) by right of, in virtue of, on account of, by means of: gabsus rígi sund i tanachus (a (n)dualgas, v.l.) mo mathar, TBC-LL¹ 54 . is é int Oilill sin tucsat Connachta chucu a dualgus a máthar, SG ii 480 . a dúalghus a mathair (leg. mathar) . . . rofhaomsat an righe do Breas, Leb. Gab.(i) 164 . a dualgus a mathar do gob Eri (of Bress m. Eladan), Lec. 358a18 . dochoidh da heilithri .i. a dualus Mic Erca ┐ Muireadaigh ` for the sake of ', Todd Nenn. 188 . tucsat na trí máine sea dó . . . ór do a dualcus a rígdatta . . . tuis imorro dó a d.¤ a diadachta . . . mirr din dó a d.¤ a doenachta, PH 7018 . Freq. in Laws Comm.: ma's as a ndualgus fein doniat a comairce on their own account, Laws iv 230 . ata foesum d'fagbail don athair as a dualgus protection is obtained for the father in right of him (the son), ii 20 . ma's a dualcus fogla rodligedh iat as compensation for, i 146 . a dualghus a snāmu tāinic ass he by means of swimming, v 206 . a dualgus a nirt fein, 332 . a dualus foghair . . . a d.¤ fotha in respect of sound . . . in respect of foundation, Auraic. 405 . descin a deachta | a dualas a doenachta, Lec. 344b9 (leg. a d.¤ doenachta?) = déghsain a díaghachta, | dúalghas a daennachta, ZCP viii 202 ( reward?).

(d) Meaning doubtful: flaith nach fuicfi fer cheinel itir dainib dualusa kin (?), LL 386b15 . a mic dheidghil dhualgusa (of Christ), ZCP xii 392 . dorat airle ndualais . . . dia daltu `appropriate counsel', Metr. Dinds. iii 302 . acht sain ō tát ina mbiu, | nochan fuil da ndualus ríu | acht firmac colla ┐ cuirp, Anecd. ii 35 . a haided can dualus ndil | atchuadus duit, LL 213a51 .

(e) In Mod.Ir. in various meanings: ná tabhair dualgus don éigse reward , PCT 620 . dualgas do thuamadh óm aithribh it is my ancestral duty to celebrate thy tomb, Ó Bruad. ii 244 . g an smuaineadh air Dhía nó air an dualgas a dlighthear dhó, Donlevy 70 . ar nd.¤ do thaobh ar dTreuduighe our duty towards our pastor, 138 . mo dúalas dó (: ḟúaras) what I owe him, IGT Decl. ex. 1027 .

éc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éc or dil.ie/19360
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: éagad

n m. (orig., plurale tantum, u, n. Hermathena xcix 52 , cf. Bethu Brigte 57 ) death: ed (he v.l.) roglúais in ingin sair | éc a hathar, Metr. Dinds. iv 216 . ba ferr leiss éc andá bethu IT i 126.12 . eccla ēcca, ACL iii 216 . ingnais éca, Metr. Dinds. iv 284 . airrdena ega, TTebe 4541 . urchóid an éaga, TSh. 748 . galar éaga mortal sickness 5209 . gut ec until thy death TBC-LL¹ 4074 . oc éc when dying PH 231 . Iollann...d'écc, AFM 506 . Oilill...do écc, 526 ; 1265 . iar n-éc a muntire (from an earthquake) PH 550 . iar n-éag dóibh, TSh. 453 . re hucht éagtha dhóibh (as if nom. éagad), TSh. 7795 . m'eg-sa dod gradh, Aen. 796 . ag éag leis an ngrádh, Dánta Gr. 9.3 . is missi conairgeba bás ┐ éc ┐ aided forro, TBC-LL¹ 4271 . sochaidhe do chuir i n-eg, Fen. 144 . tucsat éc meic ríg Muman `they did to death the king of M.'s son' Metr. Dinds. iv 220 . éag san bpeacadh, TSh. 1366 . Esp. a natural death, opp. to aided violent death :cf. oididh Muircertaigh na modh | guin is batud is loscud,—eg adbathadar i bhus | a meic Domnall is Forgus, BB 48b27 (= MacCarthy 398 ). Domnall mac Aeda...xxx. bl. ┐ d'eg adbath, 49a9 (= MacCarthy 400 ). gidh éag tháir mé gidh marbhadh, Dán Dé xxiv 21 . gan neach don dá dhuine dhéag | ma seach uile d'éag acht Eoin... doróine éag do dheoin Dé died according to God's will (of the Apostle John) xxvi 51 - 52 . gan eg do banoigid without death in childbed Lec. 126b4 . Cf. Creamthand. xx. bl.... munbadh eg a oidhig sin | doiligh fa ced a cloisten, BB 61a35 . éc fri hadart a natural death, a peaceful passing: angid [Altus Prosator] ar cech mbas acht éc fri adart, Lib. Hymn. i 65 . Freq. in pl.: lúathécai .i. anaichnide, Thes. ii 352.26 . ? da-n-arsitis ec, Bethu Brigte 408 . g p. conda-rucus dochom n-ec IT i 222 . fir...co ndath éc, Trip. 116 with gl: .i. dath báis 676 (cf. duibidir éc, Corm. Y p. 91 , cited below). tancatar a chét-éca chuci premonitory symptoms of death LB 143a30 . d p. ba moo Aodh Oiligh egaibh greater than (other) deaths (i.e. A.'s death was more grievous) AFM 876 . becc ná bu mó écaib it was almost greater (i.e. more grievous) than (all other) Fél. Nov. 10 . pian na hanma thall iar n-écaib, PH 7565 . Used of an individual death: iar n-écaib Saul, Ml. 42a6 . SR 7077 . 7675 . AFM 493 . iar n-ecaib nOengusa, Anecd. iii 60.14 . rée mór ria necaib before his death Mon. Tall. § 34 . in tan ro ngab céill for écaib when he thought he was going to die LU 130a3 = IT i 122.23 . As quasi-vn.: ba saeth mor la Dectiri a dalta do ecib, IT i 138.28 . BB 421b5 . D. do ecaib i nArd Macha, AU 988 . cen mná d'écaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161 = LL 20b . nir ba maisi leo nech do ecaib fri hadart acaib, D IV 2, 73 [63]vb 24 .

teit éc (do éc, do écaib) dies, perishes: dochoid N. éc de thám, LL 127a16 . Metr. Dinds. iv 266.15 . co ndechaidh eg, MacCarthy 420.12 . Acall. 3333 . MacCongl. 27.7 . in tan rachar d' ég, Ériu iv 17 . nā tiagam d'éccaib gortæ ZCP viii 313.3 . co ndechaid do écaib, Acall. 577n. teicht do écaib, Thes. ii 296 . daul do ecaib, Mon. Tall. § 51 . ag dul d' éag don ghrádh, Dánta Gr. 9.9 . a bhruit dhatha, a ḟailghe óir,...do-chuaidh uile d'eug, KMMisc. 362 . fo-gaib éc id.: truag nach ann fuarus éc, Acall. 3374 . Cf. diamadh a n-oirer an domuin mhoir doneatha-sa ecc if...thou hadst met thy death ZCP x 297.19 .

Fig.: slúag Banba fo bét mon mbress | diarb adba éc is úarchess, Metr. Dinds. iii 370.54 . éc rosfuc death took them iv 320.20 . coron-ergab éc opund, LL 184b31 . duibidir éc ...rind a fiaclae, Corm. Y p. 91.18 (cf. fir co ndath ēc, Trip. 116 , cited above). ni huaim téit éc dian deimin | acht triall for sét dom ṡaigid, ACL iii 216 § 9 . mithigh oirchill an éaga | duine dhínn ní dheirméada, Dán Dé v 7 . dáil n-éco, Fianaig. 10 § 3 (see note p. 18). do-chúaid dáil éca ḟuair, Metr. Dinds. iv 2.22 . deog a topur éca it-ib | i cath Oetna ..., LL 184b35 . ro tuit C. risin tulaig co tancadar deocha dian-éca da indsaigid (i.e. he became weak), Acall. 6601 n. Cf. éca amar apparently = amar éca dirge (?) gl. on Hy vi 12 , Thes. ii 352 (see amar, Contribb.). COMPDS.: ¤baíth: uas rind ind échta éc-baith the deadly foolish deed Metr. Dinds. iii 104.14 . ¤bethu: a purt bhfind na hēg-bethad of the life after death (?) ACL iii 235 . ¤dál: ó doluid issin éc-dáil the tryst with death Metr. Dinds. iii 214.50 . ¤dube: delfid ecdubi, TFerbe 194 . ¤náma deadly enemy (?): bidbaig no ecnámait, BDD 47 § 57 (Eg.) . ¤plāig `destructive plague ' Laws i 20.17 Comm.

flann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. flann or dil.ie/22292

Forms: ḟlaind, Fland, Flann, Flainn, Flaind, Flaund, Flann, F., flannrúaidhe, flannrúaidhi

(a) adj o-ā red (esp. blood-red): fland derg nó ruad, Cóir Anm. 295 . f.¤ .i. gach ruadh, O'Cl. Metr. Gl. D 21 . bróenán fola fota fland, LU 3838 ( SCC 37 ). fuil f.¤ , ACL iii 297.14 . fíon f.¤ (of blood) AFM 860 (poem). ór forloiscthe fland, Metr. Dinds. iii 122 . coscar fland a bloody trophy ib. cath forderg fland, RC xxiv 48.7 . fernn fland red with blood IT i 108.7 . tondgur f.¤ (of the sea) LL 49b39 ( Hail Brigit § 11 ). pl. ruirig ḟlaind sanguinary Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.4 ( LL 311c35 . Rawl. 118b15 ). As sobriquet: Oilill Flann Beg ┐ O. Flann Mór, Cóir Anm. 44 . Failbe Fland .i. Failbe ruad, 295 .

n (b) o, m. blood (poetic word): f.¤ [ainm] d'fuil, Metr. Gl., Ff. 21 . f.¤ .i. fuil, O'Cl. Lec. Gl. 155 ; 341 . Stowe Gl. 370 . is f.¤ tedma tromchatha, LU 8898 ( FB 68 ). Cf. ardrach arbur asa f.¤ , ZCP v 487.1 (B. na f.). ainm fola goirfither de (i.e. he shall be called Flann) ZCP viii 109.21 . bheith na cclainn De ... nach o flannuibh (= ex sanguinibus John i 13 ), Luc. Fid. 239.18 .

(c) As npr. m.: Fland, Ann. Inisf. 13a ; 13b0 . AU 739 . Flann ib. Rawl. 152b10 . gen. Flainn, AU 643 ; 740 . Rawl. 122b12 . Flaind, 154c3 . Ann. Inisf. 13b . dat. mac do Flaund Aed, Rawl. 141b29 . As npr. f.: Flann ingen Dungaile, AU 889 . F.¤ .i. Donnchada, 939 . In LB 11a48 . F.¤ is prescribed as a name to be given in prenatal baptism, being proper to either sex.

Compds. (in poetic style)

(a) ¤bríg ` red power ' Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 51 ( LL 183a43 ). ¤chath bloody battle: flandchath Findabrach, LL 43a24 (= RC xvii 130 ). ¤rúad bloodred: LU 3850 ( SCC 38 ). fri frais flanruad (= flannruaid ?) ferg, LL 146b2 ( PRIA iii 540 ). g s f. fola flannrúaidhe , RC xxix 128.17 . sruthána na fola flannrúaidhi a corpaibh na curadh, CCath. 2001 .

(b) in proper names: Flannabrae ( red-lashed ): Rawl. 153a36 . Flannabra, 152a4 . AU 777 ; 824 . Flannabhra, AFM 823 . Flandabhrae, 876 . ¤abhro, 773 . gen. Flannabrat, Rawl. 153a39 . 159a9 . AU 786 . ¤chad (cf. 1 cath): Rawl. 123c52 . 151b4 . AFM 849 . IGT, Decl. § 110 (gen. ¤chadha and ¤chaidh). gen. ¤chada, Rawl. 123cz . ¤gus: Rawl. 126a52 . 161a10 . ¤ghas, AFM 825 . gen. ¤gusa, Rawl. 161a19 .

fo-ceird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ceird or dil.ie/22405
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: focertiti, fotcicher, nimchicher, -cuirethar, -la, focress, focreasa, fosci[u]rtsa, focheirt, fodosceirdi, foscerdi, foceirt, faceird, focheird, foceird, focertam, fuchertat, focherdat, focerdat, foscerdded, focherded, fochertitís, focerdaitis, fuscerdam, foncerddam, foceirr, foceirr, facherred, focher[r]ad, fochichur, —foíchur, -cichiur, focicherr, fotcicher, chiuchra, —foicher, focichret, foscichret, fasciugrat, fochichred, —foichred, fochart, focairt, fochartatár, fachartar, focertar, fochertar, fomcertor, focerddar, fucertar, focerdatar, fócerddetar, focherte, focertha, focicherthar, focichertar, —foic[h]ert[h]ar, fochichritar, focres, focress, fochress, focreas, focressa, rochres, rochress, do creasadh, bhacresa, facheirdset, —ar, focherdsat, fochertsat, —cuirethar, —cuiretar, cuirthe, cuire, cure, cuirid, —coirther, —corathar, —corad, —corastar, —corthe, —coirthi, —lá, láim, —raltais, —ral, —rol, —rolur, —ralór, laa, laa, —rala, láis, —rabhais, lam, —roláid, rrálat, rolat, lád, —roltis, róiltis, roláosa, rolaus, rodalláus, rollais, laa, ralasom, láeside, —ralae, corralai, láoi, rālastar, lasid, —ralsid, laset, —rolsat, —ralsat, —ralsatar, lafithir, cuirfithir, coraltar, —ralatar, coralta, rolaad, rollaad, rolathe, roláithea, —lathe, —latha, rolaitea, rosaralta, ralta, F., dofuarat

prototonic forms of this verb are found only in the fut. ( ni focertiti , CCath. 2830 is late, and phonetically irregular. Cf. fotcicher ... nimchicher, cited below, II (a)), in other tenses they are supplied by -cuirethar and -la; the —ro— forms are regularly from -lá both in pres. and past tenses. Cf. focress (.i. rolaad), Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . focreasa .i. rocurid, Lec. Gl. 87 .

Forms: A ind. pres. 1 s. fosci[u]rtsa, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 196 (< H 3.18, 75b ). 2 s. rel. focheirt (gl. seminas) Wb. 13c21 . fodosceirdi; foscerdi, LB 219a19 ; 26 . 3 s. foceirt, Wb. 32c11 . Trip.² 904 . faceird, Ml. 94c8 . focheird, LU 8848 . foceird, O'Mulc. 527 . 1 pl. focertam, Wb. 15b4 . 3 pl. (rel.) fuchertat, Ml. 93a25 . focherdat, LU 8848 . focerdat, O'Mulc. 527 . imperf. 3 s. foscerdded, Rawl. 113a1 . focherded LU 5005 . 3 pl. (rel.) fochertitís, LU 7031 ( BDD 67 ; focerdaitis Y). imperat. 1 pl. fuscerdam, Wb. 34a2 ( Ériu xi 136 ). foncerddam, LL 283a19 . subj. pres. 2 s. foceirr Wb. 13c24 . 3 s. foceirr, Laws v 320x . past 3 s. facherred Ml. 124b3 . focher[r]ad, Corm. Y 323 . fut. 1 s. fochichur LU 5761 (= —iur, TBC-I¹ 1290 ). —foíchur, LL 251b20 ( TBFr. § 24 ). -cichiur, BDC 112.138 . 3 s. focicherr, Ml. 87d6 . fotcicher, LL 147a22 . fo chiuchra , LU 4583 . —foicher, TBC-I¹ 706 (= —focher, LU 5184 ). 3 pl. focichret, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . LU 4462 . foscichret, LL 289b7 - 8 . Cf. fasciugrat, LL 119b26 (rhet.). sec. fut. 3 s. fochichred, LU 5291 . —foichred, 6822 ( BDD 38 ). pret. 1 s. fochart, LU 10987 . 3 s. focairt, TBC-I¹ 3656 . LU 3279 . Ériu ii 33.14 , 15 . 3 pl. fochartatár, LU 1735 ( RC ix 480 : Cf. fachartar, Ml. 64a10 ). Pass. pres. s. focertar, Thes. ii 249.10 . fochertar, LU 5018 (= focherddar, TBC-I¹ 529 . fomcertor, ZCP xv 301§4 . focerddar, Sg. 71a19 . fucertar Wb. 34a2 . pl. focerdatar, Ml. 96c11 . fócerddetar, TBC-LL¹ 6145 . imperf. s. focherte, LL 106b34 . subj. past s. focertha, BDD 85 D (focerta UY). fut. s. focicherthar, LU 7129 ( BDD 81 ). focichertar, IT ii 178.137 . —foic[h]ert[h]ar, ZCP xii 235.16 . pl. fochichritar, SR 8324 . pret. s. focres, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . focress, Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . LU 4618 . fochress, 7060 ( BDD 72 ; focreas Y). pl. focressa, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). The pret. pass. rochres, LL 77b19 ( TBC-LL¹ 2586 ), rochress, LU 6439 . do creasadh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . bhacresa, H 3.17 ; Eg. ( TBC-LL¹ p. 367 ) is by Windisch referred to this verb.

Analogical forms: pret. 3 pl. facheirdset, —ar, TBC-LL¹ 3630 . 3712 . focherdsat, TBC-LL¹ p. 895 n. 11 . fochertsat, Hugh Roe 166.12 (f. 44b) .

B From —cuirethar: ind. pres. 3 pl. —cuiretar, BCr. 32b11 . imperat. 2 s. cuirthe, Ml. 56c5 . cuire, BCr. 32c11 . LU 10821 . IGT, Decl. ex. 460 . cure, LU 4784 . LL 279b17 . 2 pl. cuirid, Wb. 27b11 . subj. pres. 2 s. —coirther, Wb. 10a21 . 3 s. —corathar, Ml. 68b9 . ZCP xi 84.32 (= coradar, LL 294a1 ). past 3 s. —corad, LU 4724 . Metr. Dinds. iv 132.17 . pret. 3 s. —corastar, Ml. 39a3 . LU 4919 . LL 117b34 . TBFr. § 20 . Pass. past subj. s. —corthe, LU 4762 (—coirthe, Eg., —coirthi Y).

C From —lá: ind. pres. 1 s. níro láim , LU 4774 . (?) imperf. pl. 3 —raltais, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 31 . subj. pres. 1 s. —ral Wb. 7a4 . —rol, LL 251a39 . —rolur, LU 5225 . —ralór, 6875 . 3 s. ro laa , 4740 . mani laa , 4766 . —rala, Wb. 11b21 . Cf. coro láis , LU 1378 (a later -s- formation, like 2 sg. —rabhais ?). 1 pl. coro lam , LU 3781 . 2 pl. —roláid, LU 6874 . 3 pl. co rrálat , LU 6725 ( BDD 21 ; co rolat Y). past subj. 3 s. coro lád , LU 4616 . 3 pl. —roltis, TBC-I¹ 808 = róiltis, LU 5283 . ind. perf. 1 s. roláosa, 4791 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr., ii 499 , takes this as pres.). rolaus, LL 147a41 . rodalláus, 249b40 . 2 sg. rollais, 251b14 . 3 s. ro laa , Sg. 75a4 . ralasom, Tur. 80 . ro láeside , LU 2928 . —ralae, Ml. 90c17 . corralai, LL 260b14 . ro láoi , IGT, Introd. § 4 . rālastar (: at-āgastar `feared') ACC 56 Comm. 2 pl. ro lasid , Wb. 15d1 . —ralsid, 15a1 . 3 pl. ro laset , Thes. ii 343.43 . roláiset, LU 7032 . —rolsat, Ml. 16d2 . —ralsat, Rawl. 164a48 . —ralsatar, Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . Pass.: fut. lafithir, BDD 81 Eg ( RC xxii 179 n. 13 ; cf. cuirfithir ib. n. 14 ). pres. subj. s. coraltar, LL 269a16 . pl. —ralatar, Laws iv 206.14 . past s. coralta, ScM. § 5 (corolatha; co ro lathea v.l.). perf. ind. s. rolaad, Wb. 13d9 . Sg. 153b6 . rollaad, Ml. 29c1 (second a over line). 44d2 . YBL 212b39 . cor laud, LB 60b31 . pl. rolathe, Rawl. 73b31 . roláithea, Fél. Prol. 41 (—láithe, —lathe, —latha v.l.). rolaitea, Fél.² clvii 7 . Cf. rosaralta (= frisa ralta ?), Ériu viii 156.22 . Vn. 1 cor, q.v.

I

(a) sets, puts, places (with FOR, I N-, IMM, etc.): focertar ... it bois is laid on thy palm Thes. ii 249.10 . fuchertat a laim íarna cúl who put their hand behind their back Ml. 93a25 . focairt dī lāim ima bráigit embraces him ZCP viii 311.14 . foceirtt lamae fair lays hands upon him Mon. Tall. § 66 . ní for fírduine rolaset a ṅgona `inflicted their wounds' (ref. to: in fer fordacorsatar | goíta, Hy v 66 ), Thes. ii 343y . benaid ... a cethri cinnu díb ┐ focheird for ceth[e]ora benna na gabla, LU 4799 . focherd in láech ... lossa ┐ lubi íci ... i cnedaib ... Con C. applies 6341 . focherdat i ndabaig; ... in dabach aile in ro lád, 5201 . is aire sein rolathe na da mac for Tibir, Rawl. 73b31 . fodosceirdi ... it beolu na mírenda `these morsels thou must put in thy mouth' MacCongl. 97z . focheird cach fer a brat immáraile, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). focheird fáthi n-imbi, LU 5748 . foruapratar ... in cathraig co ro lasat faithe fiangaiscid impe, Anecd. ii 54 § 16 . dolluid nél solas imme co corustar a beolu for talmain , LB 146a19 . alterutro .i. ní alteroutro ... issechtar rolaa a dilledchi ní immedón `'tis outside he has put (exposuit) its declinability, not in the middle [i.e. not `altero utro'] Sg. 75a4 . ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `that He has put it' Tur. 80 (or does this belong to II? Cf. III). Iar mac N. ro láoi íarmbérla san nGaoidhilg, IGT, Introd. § 4 . ro láiset láma do, ┐ ron ergabsat, PH 3101 . Cf. frim gruad corcra ma chora | dom ruacht bochta fombera, Auraic. 5342 (`auch wenn ich Purpur auf meine Wange bringe' Thurn., ZCP xvii 292 ). F.¤ FOR AIRD displays, exhibits: na clesrada ... focheird Fer d. bar aird, TBC-LL¹ 3748 (= tuc St). 3757 (= cuiris a n-airde St). Cf. rolaiset na lama co lanard risna lannaib raised their hands aloft with the blades (?) Ériu viii 44.35 . plants, sows: mad grainne cruithnechte foceirr, Wb. 13c24 . conasrolaside (conid roláas v.l.; leg. condarolaside) isna hinadaib in robo dóig leis a nn-ás, Ériu iv 150 § 29 . ro-hairedh in mag ┐ rolaad sil cruithnechta ann, YBL 212b39 (= Ériu v 114 ). Of pitching (a tent), throwing up (a pile, mound), erecting, etc.: focress a phupall ... for Ailill, LU 4618 (= do A., TBC-LL¹ 390 ). focherdat a puiple icond áth sin, LU 5524 . do creasadh a phuball for an aird-rí, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . card ... fochertitis in tan ba n-orgain. carnd roláiset ... in tan sin they used to make a cairn ... (etc.) BDD 67 ( LU 7031 ). focherte a ḟert ┐ a lecht ┐ a lie, LL 106b34 ( Ériu iv 26 ). rolad a fert ┐ a llia la C., Ériu v 213.122 . tairsiu ... coraltar mo ḟertsa latt, LL 269a16 ( ZCP iii 3 ; coro altar, coro claidter v.l.). focres a fert ann, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . ro ladh a lia ┐ a lecht ... ar Muig Rein, Fen. 140.1 . tri liic ... Conall C. roda lā `placed them' Ériu viii 156.29 . cuma damh ... cibe focher trillsi treph raises wicker dwellings CS 610 = RC xvii 168 (Tig.), Bruchst. i § 90 (see trilis). For: rolād trā a gāir guba ┐ a ḟert ┐ a lia, Ériu i 120 § 13 , cf. (h).

(b) throws, casts, often of missiles: sís fucertar cech ingor suas fuscerdam ni, Wb. 34a2 . corralsat sis anchoram, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm. ) = co ro laiset sís a n-ingir, IT i 39 (< LB 82 marg. inf.). amal focerdatar saichtea for naimtea, Ml. 96c11 . focherd ... G. saigit forsin anmunna, PH 6304 . fochairt a chroísig forro, LU 3281 . fogabatside in n-id focheird [focheard TBC2] Cú C. ... Fír ol F. Cu C. rodla, 4732 ; 4741 . ní théssid secce conda rala nech úaib co n-áenláim, 4809 . bágais Cu C. ... fochichred cloich as a thábaill forru, 5291 . nochon ḟetur ... ní frisi corthe in t-id `I know not ... anything for which the withe should have been thrown' LU 4762 . fucaird L. liic talma dō `cast a sling-stone at him' RC xii 100 § 135 . fochartatár íarom bunsaig ... isa leth i mbátár na finna, LU 1736 . focherded a líathróit ┐ focherded a loirg ina díaid, 5005 . cía focerta míach ... fora mulluch `though a sackful ... were flung on his crown' 6821 ( BDD 38 ). f¤ saile spits : fo-cresa saile (MS saili) ... i n-einech dúilemon 'the face of the Creator was spat upon', Blathm. 191 ​. focheird a saili forsin n-ailig = projecit Lat. Lives 57 . fochairt [a luathred] i n-alt in maro, LU 1725 . Cf. fo[ci]chiur (?) an īch issan sāile I will throw the salmon Anecd. i 73 § 207 (= nan-cuirer, v.l. ruscurius, RC x 88.11 ). ro láithea for bíastaib `they have been cast to wild beasts' Fél. Prol. 41 . With cognate acc., or advb.: fochichursa aurchor dait, LU 5761 . tuc som a láim fon deil cliss dó ┐ focheird rout n-urchair úad TBC-LL¹ 1270 . focairt imroll missed his aim LU 3279 . ni focertiti imroll les, CCath. 2830 . F.¤ IMMUDU, IMMACH throws away, loses: is cor roda lláus immudu it is a cast wherewith I cast it away, i.e. I have lost it TBFr. § 13 . fon-rollassat immach a lloeg they lost her calf Irish Texts i 7 § 24 . frithe ... sleibe, da trian do fir fodngaib ┐ aentrian ... do neoch foceirr amach, Laws v 320x . F.¤ CRANNCHOR (CRANN), F.¤ AR C. casts lots: rollaad crannchur foir, Ml. 29c1 . focres crandchor forro dús cía díb lasa ragtha i tossoch, LU 6879 ( BDD 47 ; —creasa Y). co rolaset chrandchor inter se, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm = co ro laiset sortem, LB 82 marg. inf.). roláiset cranncur cia dib dia roised in flaithius ar tus, D IV 2, 77 [71]rb10 . focerdar crann eturru dus cia de beres ..., Laws iv 172.9 . focerdat crann iman agh mbeo dus ci ..., 102.11 . co rolaa ar crandchar and cia dia teccema a coimet, YBL 156a23 . See crann and crannchor. Cf. berar mucc ┐ ag ... dóib, ┐ apar friu a mmunter féin da n-irgnam dóib. foscichret i crandchor, RC xiii 444w ( LL 289b8 ).

(c) casts down, overthrows: dobeirsi dí láim friu ... conda ral[a] fón ṅglend pitched them into the valley LL 279b20 ( SG 414 ). Cf. doriacht Cethern ... acus focress in dunad ┐ in longphort foraib ┐ noṅgonand cach imme, TBC-LL¹ 4261 (= fosnobairside iarum tresin dūnad ┐ gontaiseom sochaidi, TBC-I¹ 2761 ). F. TAR CEND upsets, prostrates: is mór ríg ralā dar cend, Hail Brigit § 20 . atnagat a ṅgol ... co corastar na daíni ... tar cend, TBFr. § 20 . ro láiset ... a tech tar a cend, LU 1507 ( MU² 1003 ). Cf. fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (= RC viii 62 ). Cf. II for constr. Fig. is e ro lá dar cend ar forcetulne PH 1686 .

(d) F.¤ A, DE throws off, expels; drops, sheds: rolaad cech alt as a choir dam (gl. totus resolutus sum a campage membrorum) Ml. 44d2 . amal foceirt nech a aetach de Wb. 32c11 . foceirt a chocal de throws off his cowl Trip.² 904 . focertam fíal diínn, Wb. 15b4 . cuirid díib in nere se (gl. deponite ... de) 27b11 . (of a bull:) fochéird de na tri .l. mac nobitís oc cluchiu fair, LU 5330 . .xx. fer focherd de expelled 5819 . foceird a athair mac ingor a horba (.i. ada cuirid ... as in fearand), Laws iii 52.17 . faceird dia aicniud drives him from his nature (gl. perturbat) Ml. 94c8 . focicher don nirt i ttá `will hurl him from the power in which he is' BNnÉ 307 § 29 . is and roláset na bae a n-adarca díb LL 166a18 (= oralsat, BB 408a44 . con rallsat, Dinds. 123 ). cor lasat a n-adarca `till they cast their horns' Dinds. 16 . (cf. and sin ro chuirset na búair a mbenda, Metr. Dinds. iv 224 ). See also (e). is and rola C. in cennidi dia chinn, ScM. 15 . do láoi don chróisigh a ceann | gearr do bháoi an cróisin gan chrann, IGT, Decl. ex. 577 . F.¤ TAR: focheird úir da luib taris (of a bull ploughing up the earth with its hooves) TBC-LL¹ 1490 . Similarly: fócerddetar in n-úir thairsiu 6145 .

(e) puts forth, emits, sends out: focertar fíadain leó are sent with them LU 8869 ( FB 66 ). na rre ... focerdat in bech saithe `when the bees send out a swarm' Laws iv 172.13 (glossed: i cuirid beich ... uaithib). focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta ina ndéoidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254z . do neoch fo-cheard doman de `all that earth brings forth' Ir. Review 1912, 248 . an dā each ... rolasett fa sech ri sliab, BColm. 90.4 . rolaad gairm escaire for naomaib hErenn `a call was made on' 54.21 . cuire huait, BCr. 32c11 (gl. tolle opp. to adde). Cf. di[a]ndrala huait CXVIII dofuarat latt ... (gl. tolle Kalendas, remanent CXX) Bvi 74 (`subjektlos,' hence 3 s., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 499 ). gur láoi ioth, KMMisc. 168 § 5 .

Cf. focress di grán, mass a méin (om. comma and render: its ore was sent from a goodly grain ?), Metr. Dinds. iii 120.16 .

(f) launches (a boat): rolaisead a curach for muir, RC xxvi 136 § 8 . Cf. focerd a luing ... sech Eirinn soir `steered his vessel' Lism. L. 252 .

(g) In various figurative senses corresponding to above: ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅDé diib did not cast off the power of God Ml. 16d2 . focertar side ... hi selbad ind fir sin `is thrown into the possession of' 30c3 . i n-oena focerddar ┐ dofuasailgther cach áram (gl. omnes numeri ex [singulari] componuntur) Sg. 71a19 . is illeith Duid ... focert a n-ugturras refers (ascribes) their authorship to D. Hib. Min. 4. 131 . nach breth dobeirthe co Conn, foscerdded Conn cucisum, Caratnia § 1 . ro lá gach oman de, Leb. Gab.(i) i 198y . cach eccomnart ... romfarraid ... ro laas dīm fom cumhang, BNnÉ 301.2 . raráid A. ná curfed P. de in n-athis ... coro ralad tria chath ... do denam fri Grécu, LL 228a34 ( TTr. 818 ). in feil bis for luan focertar for mairt the feast ... is transferred to Tuesday LB 9b46 ( Rule of Tallaght § 10 ). o atraracht Crist a bás rolaad in cháisc iarom for dómnach was transferred to Sunday KMMisc. 146.5 . abbair fris, ní corathar a ḟlaith eter rindi gaí, ZCP xi 84.1 . foncerddam il-leth ar Tigernai let us entrust ourselves to our Lord LL 283a19 . Lism. L. viii . nícon béosa fot chumachta-su bas ire diandum roib forsa rol mo greis, TBFr. § 22 (`if I have anyone under whose protection I may put myself' Ériu xi 94 ). Cf. forollat for do greiss that have come [? put themselves ?] under thy protection Ériu viii 173.18 . See Mary Byrne, Ériu xi 94 ff . rolāsett each an dru[i]th ... for greis in aesa imthruimm, BColm. 90.5 . Cf. rotog ... gach dechnebar dib a menmarc do naemuib E., ┐ rolaiset fora muinteras ... ┐ rolaiset forro ainecrus a n-indtige ┐ a n-imtechta co toirsitis E., Lism. L. 2073 . do neoch doraega ┐ ro laí ina muinteras, LU 1393 (cf. II below). rolaite for coindmed cach naidchi they were quartered out every night YBL 209b46 ( Ériu v 236 ). focerd a n-oman cach tuaith `it casts every tribe into dread' Fianaig. 12 § 19 . ma cuaird focheird a toimsi it is measured by the circumference SR 169 = ima cuairt ... focert a tomus, Laws i 28.25 . rolasid súil torunn you have taken our measure Wb. 15d1 . 15a1 . ní ro láim súil toraib isind fid `I cannot cast my eye over them' (i.e. cannot see them all together) LU 4774 . tíagait ... co rolsat súil tairsiu ┐ ba dírim leó in slúag, 3782 ( SCC 35 ). Cf. o ralathur suil dar cach, Ériu ii 229 § 8 . focheird airdmius forsin lorg makes an estimate of LU 4788 . roláosa ... fomus forsa nī sin, 4791 . Mael S. ... focheird síth ima sen-mag `spreads peace' Metr. Dinds. i 44 . With DO of person: offers, grants (to): cid dam focerdta roga | nogegainn mo choimthoga if I were given my choice ZCP vi 267 § 11 . focres rogu do Mug Ruith do thírib Muman viii 314.19 . ro lád roga dóib, LU 8720 ( FB 54 ). With FOR of pers. lays, imposes (on); bestows (on): rolā cāin forsna clanna, Hy i 52 ( Thes. ii 306 ). cáin Patraic ... fucres for cach claind, Trip. 214.1 (2518) . turfochruic flathu foceird for doim `which he grants to an indigent person' (one of the seven bestowals not recoverable by distraint) Laws v 264.16 . rolá bricht forru cast a spell over them Metr. Dinds. iii 388.27 . F.¤ COMAIRLI takes counsel; plans: focres comairli ic lucht na cathrach cidh dogentais, CCath. 920 . focressá comairle léo cinnus dogendais ..., 130 . Cf. focresa cro comairle ┐ cindti comraid ac macaib S. Ériu viii 56.9 . F.¤ COR, CUAIRT turns, twists, makes a stir; goes round; visits; searches: nocon foicher cor dia chind riut will not turn his head towards thee TBC-I¹ 706 (= focher, LU 5184 ). na curid cor díb do not stir LL 259b20 ( IT i 67 ). focheird C. cor n-íach n-eirred de, LU 9119 ( FB 87 ). focerd Fergus cor conidralai for tech mbecc, IT i 144.4 (= do lá F. cuairt, ZCP v 501 . Cf. luid C. ┐ B. du chur cúarta fofúaratár óentech, LU 10579 ). focherd a suilchor issin tig casts a glance ib. IT i 144.16 (= foceird luathchor dá sūil isin tigh, ZCP v 501 ). oral cúairt fuiribsi that I may visit you Wb. 7a4 . asbert M. ... ar a n-indled a noi carpti dí coro lád cor isin dúnud, LU 4616 . regmai coro lam cor imón slúag, 3781 . ro lá curu in gaeth ... im Inber ..., Otia ii 82 . coro lá cor immán rigthech, LU 8381 ( FB 25 ). luid ... corralai cor imma techsom, LL 260b14 ( IT i 74 ). fochichret cuaird in domuin will go round SR 8088 . cia leith focheird a chainchuaird, 1198 . rolá cúairt hÉrend fo thrí `he made the circuit of Erin thrice' Metr. Dinds. i 16.30 . Cf. fochress cach cúaird imm alaile don díbeirg fri éitsecht in scéoil arranged themselves in concentric circles LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). See 1 cor, 1 cúairt. focheird cor tra do menmannaib araile cid foruair, etc., the minds of some are exercised by the question, what caused LB 212a66 ( Alex. 1014 ). F.¤ COR makes a contract or agreement: cor focerdcar [sic] seach aga fine `a covenant made without the knowledge of the chief' Laws iv 60.12 . cor foceird baeth fri gaeth, iii 6.19 . dā cor focerdaiter fri hechlacha, iv 58.24 Comm . nach cor ... focerdtar for aes forngaire, ZCP xiii 23.23 ( Bürgschaft 11 § 37 ). inge secht n-uasalchuru nadat asu do thaithbiuch neochma rolatar [sic leg., ZCP xvi 271 ], Laws iv 210.2 . fo bith nand asu dichenglad cor mbel inneochma ralatar, 206.14 . coro-lasat a curu bliadain fri D., Dinds. 22 = BB 363a6 . With ellipse (cf. i): flaith foceird fri anflaith, Laws v 358.7 (expld. in Comm. p. 360 as one who accepts stock from an unlawful or extern chieftain). Cf. focerd fri flaith n-eachtrunn, ii 286.5 Comm . Similarly: focerd a mainche fri eagluis (= makes a contract of service with? See mainche) iii 68.5 . Eochaid mac O. focheird cuindlic [ = cuindilc] ┐ a hocht brathair E. and his eight brothers make a pact Anecd. iii 61.15 . focartatar coindi[l]c ib. 30 . ┐ focheird a ḟoesam ┐ a oentaid fris, Fél. 132.25 (see fáes(s)am). cach cor ... cach idnucul focertur forsna urgurtuib sa (.i. cuirither resin lucht ro urgairustur dligedh cunnrud do denum), Laws ii 290 ( ZCP xiv 376 ). Cf. is mōr ríg frisrala cor currech Corpri ... `whom the Curragh of C. has overthrown' [? to whom ... has plighted itself] Hail Brigit § 16 . F.¤ BEDG makes a leap, jumps, springs: focheird bedg cuce springs at him LL 260a41 ( IT i 72.19 ). rola Cu Ch. bedg de tresin mbudin, LU 1517 ( MU² 1015 ). focherdat in miolcoin bedg i mBrei, TBFr. § 5 . focheird Cu Ch. tri bidcu ina ndíaid, LU 5795 . See bedg, and cf. do-cuirethar. Cf. ni fuailfed focheird inti | luaithred M. `no motion in it made the ashes of M.' Metr. Dinds. ii 62.5 . F.¤ SCÍS rests: arrallsat scis a tig rig, YBL 13a21 ( Snedg. u. Mac R p. 12 ). Cf. lotar hi tír do chor a scísi, Trip.² 376 .

(h) of sounds, noises: utters, makes; raises (a shout, cry): focherdat ... gāir foa cheer him LU 8849 ( FB 64 ). focheird osnaid sighs LL 371a8 . ro lasat gáir mesca 259b15 ( IT i 67 ). biasta ... fochichret gaire garga SR 8060 . focherd srainn snores BS § 27.1 . focerd ilach cheers Laws i 244.6 Comm. focertitis ualla mora ┐ grithghairi `uttered great yells and howls' RC xiv 46.2 . baili i ralsat Gaill grithgair, Rawl. 164a48 = ait i rrollsat G. crithgair, LL 185a44 ( Arch. Hib. ii 85 ). roláadh gáir móir and, TTr.² 1640 . dia ralsatar fíanna faíd `raised a cry' Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . focheird fáid ... cloc bind, Auraic. 5131 . foceird fit ... frissin n-escmogin hisses at O'Mulc. 527 . Cf. for braigtib rig foceird feit (of a sword) LU 1042 ( ACC 101 ) = LU 9673 ( ZCP iii 214 ). fochartatar a ndord n-impi, LU 7850 ( BDD 141 ). a ngloim ro lásat na tri .l. curach oc tuidecht hi tír (the noise they made) LU 6935 ( BDD 55 ). Here perhaps f.¤ grith: (of weapons on a rack:) ro lásat grith co mbátár for lár in tige, LU 6936 ( BDD 55 ). (of swords, etc. tossed by a juggler:) fochartatár grith immi co mbátar for lár in tige, LU 7560 , 7568 ( BDD 109 , 110 ). foceird armgrith mór a rrígthech the house clattered (?) LU 8203 ( FB 15 ). (of a regiment:) an armgrith rolāsad oc teacht ind rēimme, TBC-I¹ 3221 . fochertar armgrith mór leo .i. mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5018 . rola Temair tri crithu [leg. grithu ?] di ┐ rolaiset na sluaigh ... ┐ roláset primdingnai Erenn uile, Anecd. ii 7.19 . Cf. f.¤ dírna, below, III.

(i) performs, executes, wages: f.¤ cath, etc.: fochartatar ... an [leg. na] coin cocluiche `the hounds had a coursing-match' RC xii 72 § 43 . secht catha raláe ma thīr, LL 44b33 (= ro ládh mun tir, 380b41 ). desin rolád ... in cath for fál F. `hence was fought ... the battle at the fence of F.' Metr. Dinds. iii 346.97 . gur laoi is Oilill cath Cláraigh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 168 . With FOR of defeated side: in cath ... rolá for leith Chuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 200.17 . With FRI of opponent: co róiltis glied fris, LU 5283 . Cf. anaid sund ... conid rolursa frisin fer n-ucut till I tackle that man LU 5225 . mad comáes nod corad fris `had it been his match in age who opposed him' Metr. Dinds. iv 132. 17 . DO: focerd gliaidh do Aen. 2505 . Cf. focichret for collaib coin congala, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . co rrálat a ndíbeirg for firu Alpan, LU 6725 (`that they may wreak their rapine on the men of A.', Stokes, BDD 21 ). co rrólsat a ndibeirg lais, LU 6729 ( BDD 22 ). f.¤ ár (with gen. of obj.) slaughters; overthrows in battle: fochiuchra for tiugára, LU 4583 (= con curfe, TBC-LL¹ 290 ). focerddat a n-ár ┐ marbait in ríg, LL 242b5 ( TTr. 1910 ). cor muidh for Gallaib ┐ cur ládh a n-ár, RC xvii 351.20 (Tig.). co rolládh a n-ár etir ergabail ┐ marbadh, 355.26 (Tig.). rosceastar sliabh nEthna sruaim tened ... gu ro lae ar daini ┐ cethra ann, CCath. 854 . co ráemid for Gúari corro lad ár cend and LU 9605 . focerdded ār ceann and, BB 428b29 . Cf. co rolad ár mór dib and, Ann. Inisf. 19a14 (988) .

II Used to take the place of an intrans. vb. of motion.

(a) in older lang. in impers. constr., often with inf. pron. obj. (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 310 ff .): facheirt in alios sonos `it puts itself [ = passes] into other sounds' Sg. 4b6 . fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (cited above, I c). This is evidently the same construction as that in: arnach corathar immoth ... dia seirc that he may not become stupefied from love of them Ml. 68b9 . Cf. dia corastar Saul foir isin nuaim i mboí when S. chanced upon him Ml. 39a3 . bec nacham ralae i nderchoíniud I almost despaired 90c17 . (Cf. becc náchimrala húathbás, BDD 87 Y, where DEU omit becc). ni foichred cnoi díb for lár not one nut would fall LU 7329 ( BDD 97 ; ni rossed cnú díb lár, Eg.). focerd F. cor conidralai for tech mbecc ann, IT i 144.5 . foscerd iarsin i n-araile indsi `they land' RC x 72 (foscairt v.l.). foscerd do inis they come to an island Anecd. i 56 § 45 ; fosceirt, 59 § 74 . dochuamar a tir sunna, ronla a nuaim in Ciclopdai `we landed here and went into the Cyclops cave' Aen. 154 . is and rolasi co Cathbath, LL 259b26 . YBL 109b37 ( IT i 68 ; rolaad sí, Eg.). foscerd ... imonsech fo c[h]osmailess luathrinde they are whirled round (of three opposing sea-currents) Corm. Y 323 . nosuighfedh cid Erind focher[r]ad ind, ib. fotcicher i súan | nimchicher i súan thou wilt fall asleep. I will not LL 147a22 ( PRIA iii 548 ). nach duine rodacuala son foscerded i cess, LL 126a18 . focerd E. i ces a ben do eludh `it grieved E. that his wife had eloped' Ériu xii 188.7 . foscichreth uili i ndāssacht, Ériu ii 136.1 . amal snechtae fosceird i robāne `which is cast into great whiteness' 130 § 99 . fosceird iar sen a muir naill, YBL 6b45 (= focheirdat ass iar sein hi mmuir n-aill LU 1887 ; see section b below). foscerdsom ína cotludh they fall asleep YBL 5a21 = fochairt inna cotlud, LU 1801 . Cf. srethius fair ... in slig conid rallá ina chomsudiu, LU 5148 . rolá didiu i socht ... Mac D. Mac D. became silent ScM. 3 . roslá i socht na hUlto, 9 (= rolá socht mór forra R). focherd A. i serg de A. falls into a wasting sickness LU 10730 (TÉ). ge robatar longphorta slog in domain i n-athfoccus don tigh sin ni rolae tigerna in tige i snimh ... uair ni rabattar ... innmassa occo, CCath. 3337 . is ann sin ro láa [rogabsat; ro ba v.l.] curudha ... for tocbháil a fedhma catha, CCath. 2016 (cf. section c). Cf. ni rola imroll mo urchur cussindiu, LU 3281 .

Exceptionally to express completion of action: ic coistecht fris dóib uile coro láis in tasfénad sin do dénam, LU 1378 (= con roisc, LL 280b32 , corroisc, YBL 120b25 ). Cf. rolāi dí had achieved ' Fianaig. 46 § 9 .

(b) Somet. with reflex. inf. pron.: foscerdat inna buidne form ranks LU 4684 , cf. ro lasat i ndrungo ... ┐ buidne, BB 414b10 . Cf. TBC-I² 246 n. 211 .

(c) hence as intrans. vb. denoting indefinite motion (though some of the following may be corruptions really belonging to section a). lit. and fig.: is and fochichersom ar gním n-aithergaib [sic leg.] `he will resort to' BDD 102 c , (cf. CCath. 2016 cited in section a). focicher crú tria chnessaib blood will burst through skin (?`ich werde Blut ... springen lassen' Wi.) TFerbe 648 . focertat i suan co cenn tri la fall asleep RC xiv 46.17 (cf. YBL 5a21 cited in section a). focherddat Ulaid chuci, LL 124a25 ( Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 ). focerd C. a magh mor a aenur `C. found himself on' [went in to ?] IT iii 195.3 . focherd i tracht romra comes to (= anchors in) Anecd. ii 15 § 8 . focerd in long i roibi S. ┐ lenaid for carraic ` struck ' Aen. 1010 . focairt chos in Duind C, ar adairc a chele alighted TBC-I¹ 3656 . focaird forsin cuanlocht na mac tíre came upon the wolf-pack ZCP viii 310.40 . Cf. ar chribais il-leirg ... daceird [focheird v.l.] [my dog] comes upon a pig (?) IT i 162.4 ( LL 208a12 ). fochard and Morrigan ... do tascc an catha `proceeded to proclaim' RC xii 108 § 166 .

Cf. rolaus cian i cein | ar do charait i mbrōn, LL 147a41 ( PRIA iii 548 . Supply cuairt ?).

III In the following idiomatic constructions

(a) with AR (cf. II): ni áil dúib á iarfigid arna rala for cubus áiri lest it distress your conscience Wb. 11b21 (Thes. takes `for' as prep., comparing: act ni roib ní for cocubus, 30a16 ). focerd a chubus som ar tomailt torith na muindtiri `he exercised his conscience about eating the produce' Mon. Tall. 77 . ni ralá do cless n-airiut cosinnocht never troubled (?) thee LU 7562 ( BDD 109 ). ní arná corad mo chiall | arna fordulu no tíag it is not that my mind heeds not the strayings (= that I am not acting intentionally ?) LU 4724 . Michél ... focheird mo menma airi `M. ... my mind is set on him' Ériu ii 92.6 .

(b) In the following the vb. seems transitive: focairddsi menmain for in gilla set her heart on RC xxv 346 § 2 . ní foíchiursa mo menmain for óclach n-aile, TBFr. § 24 . ro láeside menmain fora macsom, LU 2928 . Cf. ráthaigis E. aní sin ┐ focheird a menmain airi she considered it (= was puzzled by it ?) LU 10743 .

(c) focerd dano menma in coca thairis cur bhá slan a sechtmain the cook forgot him (?) till a week passed Lism. L. 1997 .

(d) f.¤ for weighs on, grieves, vexes: na cuirid fortsu sin ... uair fogebum uili in t-olc sin grieve not for that BB 445a37 ( Mer. Uil. 10 ). ralágh [prob. for ro-lá] ... cumha a banchéle for an ríg coma ... imeslān é, ZCP xiii 197.12 . bai aenfer ... fornar laessat na cumscaigthi mora sin `whom those great commotions did not affect' CCath. 1086 . atcuas doséin a mhac do epilt. rolá fair go mór go mbaí hi siurcc, AFM vi 2218.20 . (of rain:) ba moa rolá for muintir Uí D. na frossa ferthana ... inás for ṡlógh an Gh., 2034.2 . ar a mhēd rolā fair gan a ṡlogh dia tharrachtain, Hugh Roe 252.29 (67b) .

ba fou fachart[at]arsom it was for that that they applied(?) it Ml. 64a10 . Cf. ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `it is not of the destruction of the ... temple that he has put it (gl. non id ille dixit quod illi dicunt Comm. on Marco P. xiv 58 ) Tur. 80 . ba dō fachairtsam son, ar nicontissed aridisse, RC xi 444.3 (= ba do focerdsom anni sen for Coin C. fodeig arna contissed ..., ZCP iii 247.1 ). (Expl. of cruimther as transl. of premther:) in Bretain ... it ē dorintaiset ┐ is anni as premter dorintaiset. is fair iarom rolaset legnidhe na mB. annīsin: amail is lomm, etc. Corm. Y 211 (= is fáei ... latharsat LB; is foi ... rolasat HM. O'Don., Corm. Tr., renders LB `accordingly the literati of the B. explained it'). ni cian rollā for dāla did not long delay (?) SR 7651 .

(e) f.¤ dírna di = scares (?): fochérd dírna mór din tslóg co luid Medb día chosc, LU 4685 . atracht in slōg uile ara chind ┐ rola dirmae din chath imbi oc teacht isin telaig TBC-I¹ 3288 = ro lá dírna dina cathaib ┐ dina sluagaib ac déscid in láich sin, TBC-LL¹ 5391 . See Hermathena 1931 p. 4 , and cf. f.¤ grith I (h) above.

Gaileng

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Gaileng or dil.ie/25141

pn sobriquet of Cormac great-grandson of Oilill Ólum, the eponymous ancestor of the Gailenga, q.v. Cormac G.¤ a quo na ceithre Gailenga, H 3.18, 42 ( Thr. Ir. Gl. xliv 29 ). For fanciful etymologies of the name see ib. xlii foll. (from H 3.18, 42 ). Cóir Anm. 239 . As epithet treacherous? (cf. ref. to etymologies supra) : Druth gaileng cen indtliucht, IT iii 85 § 83.

imm-cuir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-cuir or dil.ie/27800

v

(a) turns round (trans.): gabaid cach fer díb rind a cloidib iter a dá mér ┐ imda-cuiread ima mér, BDD² 684. di gnusib retlann imrolta fo nim `of the faces of the stars that have been cast around,' Ériu ii 132 § 107.

turns away, averts ? : immacurfi sin fogail a muntiri dīnd that will turn away (?) the attack of his army from us, TBC-I¹ 1471.

exchanges: iarsin imcuirsim (leg. imcuirsem, Ed.) dá sleig | meisi is Oilill mac Eogoin | cectar nāthar dībh atbath `thereupon we exchanged spears,' Fianaig. 12 § 22.

(b) Used reflex. bestirs oneself?: luidh ... do thobairt a athar leis do cosnum in claidib. `nítho,' ol Fithil `imodcuri fein it [d]alaib' bestir thyself in thy affairs (?), IT iii 200 § 66.

inbanna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inbanna or dil.ie/28236

adj io, iā, (? 5 in- + banna) effeminate, womanish: Oilill Inbhanna .i. bá cosmhail fri deilbh mhná a dhealbh som .i. gin ulchai robhói, Cóir Anm. § 148. Ailill Inbanna ba flaith, ZCP ix 462 § 4. ? ic déol na lárthach ┐ na cethra inbanna (v.l. banda, leg. mbanna), CCath. 2526.

indarba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indarba or dil.ie/28323

Forms: indarpe, -be, indarba

n io, n. Later f. vn. of ind-árban. O.Ir. indarpe, -be. n s. indarba nGennti, AU i 416.12 . See IGT Decl. § 3.30 .

the act of expelling, driving out; expulsion, ejection, rejection, banishment: duús indip fochunn ícce do a indarpe a oentu fratrum `his expulsion from the unity of the brethren,' Wb. 26b27 . amal mbís indarpe s de genitin ... `even as there is the ejection of s from the genitive ...,' Sg. 77b2 . innar n-indarbu ni gl. in nostra exiectatione, Ml. 127b9 . iarna n-indarbu á hirusalem, 48d27 . ba sab indarbai clóine `he was mighty in expelling iniquity,' Thes. ii 314.6 ( Hy. ii ). is indarbae demnae, is tochuiriud aingel ` 'tis a casting-forth of devils: 'tis an invitation of angels,' Fél. Ep. 211. rechtge do indarbbu echtarchiníuil, Críth G. 522. munab indarba do ne in flaith `if the chief does not expel [the cattle],' Laws ii 306.29 Comm. cach fuasnad iarmotha sin cin indurba (leg. co n-indurba, Thurn., Stud. in E. Ir. Law 47 ) acht ma ecumung `every dispute afterwards without returning (leg. with expelling) except where such was impossible,' Laws ii 290.24 . denuit a n-inurba iartain `they reject it afterwards' (of a contract), 288.11 Comm. a indarpae mani penda `he must be banished if he does not do penance,' Mon. Tall. 147.32 . tucait innarba na nDessi i mMumain the reason for the banishing of the D. into M., LU 4335. bói siumh dá bhliadain ar innarba for muir, Cóir Anm. § 30. bai láech amra do Chonnachtaibh for indarba asa thír o Oilill ┐ o Mhedhbh, TBC-LL¹ p. 419 n. 2 . o tartusa indarba fort, Anecd. ii 54.7 . do deachadhais co rig n-Alban, ocus misi lat forsin indarba sin, MR 34.15 . re hinnarba cach fedma `to repel every attack,' 160.23 . go bhfagham ionnarba it olc `may I suffer rejection in Thy rejection,' Studies 1931, 660 § 5 . guil ┐ úalla arda | dhá bfuil úadha ar indarba, IGT Decl. ex. 1074 .

láid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láid or dil.ie/29365
Last Revised: 2019

Not in early language as independent vb. No vn. given in IGT Verbs § 42 (bérla in chora). See fo-ceird. Pret. forms below are perh. to be taken as developments of Old Ir. ro-lá etc. throws, places puts : laaid . . . uad lebor in precepta, FA 33 (LB). laait . . . nuallguba n-dermáir estib emit, ibid. in fail ní no-laad cumtabairt úait beos, Lib. Hymn. i 90.16 . ite na hugdair i llatur leith .i. na hugdair so sis taithmeter i tosaichibh na leabar to whom it is ascribed, BB 299b33 . lásat Níallocán immach `they thrust out little Niall', Ériu iv 94.2 . lád chúaird nÉrenn im thuind thair let him make the circuit of Ireland, 96.16 . laais Ruadhan iad (sc. na hechu) a coimhrith frihechraidh Temrach raced them against, BNnÉ 325 § 43 . sleagh tre dhruim fir go lár lás / [ór] thila clár mar do chuas spear cast by the defenders has ever pierced the back of the retreating foe(?), DDána 119.14 . gur laoi is Oilill cath Cláraigh he (F. Canann) and Oilill fought the battle of C., 64.16 . mo lenam óm les do ládh / do benad mo lám des dím, IGT Verbs ex. 387 . an leathga . . . / láidh tairr na deabtha ar a druim, 386 . Aonghais fháid bhráonghlais an Bhrogha / láid a Aonghais, comha ad cheann `the Aonghuses . . . send thee gifts', SGS iv 66 § 31 . comuil dom dhéad do bhas bhán / lágh blas na mbréag as mo bheol, DDána 42.22 . láifiter (MSS. l[a]if[.]igter, laifigther, laifiter) sin in bar n-aigid-si, Celtica xiii 14.278 .

Also prob. intrans. do ghnáth ní lugha do lá | mo chumha an tráth fa dteasdá, DDána 82.41 .

maidid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maidid or dil.ie/31300
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: maided, maidid, muidid, fors[a]-maid, forsa-moith, resa-maid, máith, rumaith, maides, maiti, maitti, maidi, maidti, muitti, mutti, maidit, madit, muidit, máis, má, mæ, mai, maidsed, maidfed, con-roimsitis, memais, mebais, mmema, mema, roima, con-memsam-ne, mebusmet, mensat, memsat, memsad, mmebsat, mbebsat, memsite, con-mebsad, mebsaitis, memaid, mmemaid, mmebaid, ro-m-memaid, mebaid, rróemid, rroímid, roimidh, ráemid, rraimid, rommid, remid, remaidh, reimidh, rimheadh, raoimhidh, raeimeadh, memdaitir, memdatar, mebdatar, mebatar, mebhadar, mhebhatar, roimdeta, con-róemtatar, maidter, mater, mebais, meb-, mheabhas, mheabtaís, meba, mebat, mebaidh, meabhai, mebsat, meabhsattar, romhebadh, — mébas, — mébad, maid-, moid-, maidi, muidhi, maidfid, muidhfes, muigfis, maidfit, maidfed, maidhis, moidis, maid, maid, muidh, moigh, maidset, muidhset, moigsed, mhuigheadar, muidfer, muided, maedhed, muid-, maoidh-, maidm, ma, maidhis, maitti, maidter, maíded

v i. s-subj. and fut., redupl. pret. Forms. Imp. 3 s. maided, Wb. 7c4 . Pres. 3 s. maidid, LU 3720 ( SCC 33 ). muidid, LB 127a8 . fors[a]-maid, Ml. 115d12 . forsa-moith, 110d10 . resa-maid, TBC-I¹ 3575. ni máith , Corm. Y 419. (perfective) rumaith, Ml. 51c9 . rel. maides, TBC-LL¹ 4689. With pron. aff.: maiti, LU 4925 (= maithi, TBC-I¹ 440 ). maitti, LU 5201 , 6666 ( TBC-I¹ 723 , 2127 ). maidi, maidti, Ériu iii 141.202 , 203 . muitti, LU 1582 ( IT ii2 212.3 ), 6212 ( TBC-I¹ 1722 ). mutti, 1523 ( MU 52 ), 5940 ( TBC-I¹ 1474 ). 3 pl. maidit, IT i 105.13 . madit, Ériu ii 122.4 . muidit, iii 138.100 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. máis, LL 238b38 , 239a15 ( TTr. 1625 , 1647 ). mani má , LU 7121 ( BDD 80 ). Corm. Y 70. mona mæ , TBC-LL¹ 4754 , cf. 4979 , 5579 (for fut.). ní mai , Anecd. ii 31.4 .

Subj. impf. 3 s. no maidsed , TBC-LL¹ 830 , 840 (for cond.; leg. maidfed?) 3 pl. con-roimsitis, TBC-I¹ 3618.

Fut. 3 s. memais, Trip. 138.7 . SR 4705. mebais, 8320 . co mmema , LU 6099. ní mema , Ml. 89c11 . mani roima (for subj.), ib. 2 pl. con-memsam-ne, TBC-I¹ 3578. mebusmet, IT ii2 247.6 . 3 pl. co mensat (leg. memsat), LU 6097 = co memsad , TBC-I¹ 1626. co mmebsat , LU 6092 = co mbebsat , TBC-I¹ 1620. rel. memsite, TBC-I¹ 3087.

Cond. 3 s. con-mebsad (for subj.), TBC-LL¹ 5881. 3 pl. mebsaitis, TBC-I¹ 3547.

Pret. 3 s. memaid, SR 4765. Trip. 194.15 . co mmemaid , TBC-I¹ 578 = co mmebaid , LU 5066. ro-m-memaid, Ml. 127d6 . Mon. Tall. § 72. ro mebaid , SR 6913 , 6953 . co rróemid , LU 7946 ( BDD 157 ) = cu rroímid , BDD² ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. viii ). co roimidh , AU 946. co ráemid , LU 9605 ( ZCP iii 206.18 ). co rraimid , IT i 76.5 . co rommid , Trip. 8.17 . co remid , AU 920 (p. 442.11) , 1016 . co remaidh , 995 , 998 , 1003 . co reimidh , AFM v 1536.9 . go rimheadh , ii 808.3 . go raoimhidh , ii 580.14 . go raeimeadh , vi 2040.10 . 3 pl. memdaitir, LU 5316 ( TBC-I¹ 839 ). memdatar, Corm. Y 950. ro mebdatar , SR 2522. ro mebatar , Alex. 31 , and so in late texts: cor mebhadar , CCath. 2031 , 2125 . ro mhebhatar , Lism. L. 2972. co roimdetar, Ériu ii 30.16 . con-róemtatar, Anecd. iii 61.9 .

Pass. pres. maidter, TBC-I¹ 3573. subj. pr. má[n]a mater , TTr.² 85.

1 in Mid.Ir. the 3 s. fut. mebais is occasionally used as a pret., e.g. LU 3791 ( SCC 36 ), Lism. L. 4051 , RC xiii 8.3 , and gives rise to a conjugation with stem meb-: Pres. 3 s. rel. mheabhas, Content. vi 68. Impf. 3 pl. no mheabtaís , BS 36.28 . Subj. pr. 3 s. dia meba , Ériu v 236.80 . 3 pl. mebat, Lat. Lives 106.4 . Fut. 3 s. mebaidh, Cog. 90.9 (= mébaidh?), cf. 144.7 . memaid for Cenél Conaill 'he will defeat Cenél Conaill', B. in Scáil² 43 § 43 . hi meabhai , BNnÉ 16.23 . Pret. 3 pl. ro mebsat , Lat. Lives 106.8 . meabhsattar, BNnÉ 84.7 . Pass. pret. romhebadh, Lism. L. 1550 , 1553 . — mébas, Alex. 212 ; — mébad, LB 129b32 seem intended for 3 s. rel. fut. and cond. respectively.

2 the pres. stem maid- (muid-, moid-) is used in Mid.Ir. to form subj., fut. and pret.: Subj. 3 s. mana maidi , TBC-I¹ 3577. dā muidhi , Fianaig. 84.14 . Fut. 3 s. maidfid, SR 6492. (rel.) muidhfes, Aen. 2451. muigfis, 2454 . 3 pl. maidfit, LU 9615 (wrongly máid-, ZCP iii 208 § 8 ). Cond. 3 s. no maidfed , SR 5036. Pret. 3 s. maidhis, AU i 532.5 , ii 72.3 . moidis, Lat. Lives 71.13 . ro maid , TBC-I¹ 774. diar' maid , SR 5582. ro muidh , AU 1022 , 1024 . corro moigh , Anecd. iii 37.6 . 3 pl. ro maidset , TBC-LL¹ 3824. ro muidhset , ZCP xi 62.4 . ro moigsed , xii 292.21 . do mhuigheadar , ML 96.2 . Pass. fut. muidfer, RC x 184.8 . pret. ro muided , ZCP viii 561.12 . nar' maedhed , Gorm. Dec. 8 . The stem muid- occas. becomes maoidh- in late texts.

vn. maidm.

In lit. sense breaks, bursts , intrans. but in 3 s. pres. occas. used with affixed reflex. pron. ma .i. briseadh, O'Cl. (3 s. subj. pr.). maidhis .i. brisis, ib. Eg. Gl. 458.

I Used like `bris(s)id' in the idiom: maidid (in cath, etc.) re (ria) A for B (the battle) breaks before A on B = A defeats B.

(a) with subj. expressed: nach comland i mbeithi, memais foraib ye shall be routed, Trip. 138.17 . co roemid in cath . . . for slog Filistín, SR 5891. cor mebaid in cath ria Concobar for Eochaid C. won the battle over E., Ériu ii 180.13 . muidit secht catha re nOsseirge for na Déise, iii 138.100 . mad romaib muigfis in cath-sa for Tuirnn, Aen. 2454. ní mai cath . . . riana gnúis may he never win battle, Anecd. ii 3 § 2 . ni ḟitir cia fora mébad in cath who would be defeated, LB 129b32 = cia fors-maidfid, SR 6492. memaith for Dál nA. in cath sin, ZCP viii 314.13 . Similarly with maidm as subj.: ro muid sruth-maidm . . . forro they were driven helter-skelter, ZCP xiii 238.14 . ceithri tuathao . . . fora roémsat tri madmand who were thrice routed, 4.11 . viii 115.3 .

(b) with omission of subj.: in tan ro mmemaid re nAbracham forsna coíc riga, Ml. 127d6 , cf. 89c11 . ria n-aṅgliu . . . mebais for demnu the angels will defeat the demons, SR 8320 , cf. 5582 . memaiss for Aed re nAed (a prophecy), ZCP xii 232 § 43. tic Labraid . . . ┐ mebais riam forsna slógu he defeated, SCC 36. mad romut máis . . . mad fort maides, LL 332c57 , 60 . maidhis for Gallu, AU 1014. dirsan flaith forsa-roemid, RC xxxvi 262 § 10 . dursan rī forsar-maig, Cog. 32.24 = fors-rœmidh, AFM i 508.17 . Galam ar nar raimhidh ríamh who was never worsted, Leb. Gab.(i) i 238.18 . With advbl. phrase denoting direction, the notion of flight being implicit: maidti forru sair co hAndobor they are routed, Ériu iii 141.203 . muiti riasna buaib fors[n]a linni she is driven before (by) the cattle to the pools (?), TBC-I¹ 1722. ro memaid ria maccaib Cathail as Indiu co lLuachair, LL 275b1 . ro mebaid forsna Troiándu docum a cathrach, TTr.² 1567. Fig.: go ro mheabhaidh for a ghlór till his voice gave way, AFM vi 2288.1 . meabhaidh ar mo ghuth ón ghol, Ir. Monthly 1927, 361.40 . da muidhi hi cond céilli `if they be worsted in sense and reason', Fianaig. 84.14 .

(c) occas. with LA or other prep. of victor: brister immairecc fairsom et maided fair lib let him be routed by you, Wb. 7c4 . for Oilill . . . meabais la Dal nAraidhi O. will be defeated by D., MacCarthy 396.27 . meabaidh lais a lochtaidhe `his guilt was vanquished by him', Leb. Gab.(i) i 36.12 . con-róemtatar dā chath huad forru, Anecd. iii 61.9 . ro mebatar ilchatha fria Pilip, Alex. 31 , where fria prob. = ria of l. 30 representing the prep. ria, re `before'.

(d) maidid de (do) x = x is routed, put to flight, and in wider sense, flees, (or without notion of flight) rushes: maidid día muntir-seom for teched, TBC-I¹ 1476. mutti dont slóg immi di cach leith the host rushes about him (of an ambush), 1474 . go ro memaid do graigib Gaedel the horses of the G. broke loose, TBC-LL¹ 3823 , cf. 3826 , 6065 . ro mebaid do na Págánda the pagans were routed, PH 7266. gur mhúigh do na Gallaib d'iarraidh a long, Ériu i 87.11 . With subj. expressed: cor memaid roscbéim rígdaide díb triasin cath (= they made a brilliant charge), CRR 34. do mhuigh bloiscbhém bodhba do na cathoibh cechtardha a ccenn a chéle, ITS v 184.25 . meabhaidh maidhmh díobh gus na scoraibh, Hugh Roe fo. 39a .

II In personal construction:

(a) in physical sense breaks (= is broken), bursts, gives way: mani má in talam fúe, BDD 80 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 4754 , TBC-I¹ 3577. maidid cridi cech duni dia seirc, SCC 33. ni máith cridhe cē chīe, Corm. Y 419 = Bruchst. i § 96.6 . madit a shuili inna cinn, Ériu ii 122.4 . co mmemaidh a chenn frisinn ailich, Lat. Lives 53. ro memaid coss ind ríg i ndó, Mon. Tall. § 72. co mbeba do ser fout, IT ii 247.8 . notgēb-sa im ladair co mbebsat [mmebsat LU] t'asnai, TBC-I¹ 1620. maitti immi-seom in dabach, LU 5201 = maiti . . . dabaich, TBC-I¹ 991. in bail . . . hi meabhai [a mbeabh v.l.] iris bhar tteighi liubair, BNnÉ 16 § 26. mebais ind roth ramhuch (a prophecy), ZCP x 343.26 . co ráemid in cholcid, LU 10478 (Tochmarc Emere). co raimdetar úammand a cholcthech the seams . . . burst, TBC-LL¹ 109. na craobha no mheabhtaís fó a chosaibh, BS 36.28 . mani má do á unless thy car break, Corm. Y 70 (cf. Ériu xi 43 ). memdaitir a carpait leu oc comroc, TBC-I¹ 839. meabhsattar na tri glais the three bolts burst, BNnÉ 84.7 . corro moigh bernn ind a gap was broken, Anecd. iii 37.6 .

(b) of persons, is routed, flees; rushes, makes a dash: maidti munter Fhergusa hi teiched, maidti Ailill i n-a ndiaidh F.'s people take to flight, A. gives them chase, IT ii2 210.66 (LL = maitte, Eg.). [ni]con-memsam-ne de sund we will not flee from this spot, TBC-I¹ 3578. maidit na sluaig for na dorsi . . . maidit immach assind liss, IT i 105.13 , 16 . muidig [= muidid] N. futha-san mar luas [fh]aindile, ZCP xiii 213.2 . memaid saithe . . . siardess co Mondornd, viii 308.14 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 278.20 . mebdatar a n-noí díib they (Síl Cuinn) fled in a ship (?), ZCP viii 313.35 , a confusion with the construction I (d).

(c) of things, bursts forth, gushes, springs up, arises: ro mebdatar [sruamma] tria thalmain, SR 2522. co rommid topar usque ass, Trip. 8.17 = Lat. Lives 44. mebais trethan dar cach tír the sea will break over every country, RC xxvi 48 § 251 . ro meabatar na da loch, Leb. Gab.(i) i 74.10 . i n-aimsir N. ro mhuidhsiod na locha so, Keat. i p. 176 . ro mhuidhset teora tipraite . . . assin talmain, Fl. Earls 210.3 . ro mebaid loim cráo dar a bél, CRR 12. co roimidh salchur a chinn dar a chluasaib immach, Cáin Ad. § 14. is aíble tened moidit trem chroicenn, Lat. Lives 84. co maiged a duibdiad ┐ a lasra a huamaib in tshlebi amach, Aen. 142. ro mebutar .xiiii. [diasa do chruithnecht] a muigib na Bethile sprang up, LB 133a5 . ro mheabhaidh na bairilledha in n-áen breó lasrach burst into flame, exploded, AFM vi 2012.8 .

Further extensions: mebais a fháitbiud gáire for Fergus F. burst out laughing, CRR 18. gur mhaoidh orruinn gean gáire, Oss. vi 8.19 . ro maidh a cai for in n-apach the corpse began to wail, CCath. 4218. gor muidh a déra tar a gruadaibh, 4219 . S. Franciscus forar mhuidhset coic crechta (of the stigmata), Fl. Earls 162.18 . Cf. also: mebais din boilgg innocht `it will burst from the boil' (? the boil will burst or disappear, cf. I (d)), Ériu iv 32.4 .

(d) rarely in late texts, with FOR (AR), breaks, vanquishes: scél fár mheabhuigh sé ar an síth `with which he shattered the peace', Ériu iv 214.3 . a ghrasaigh ghloin do mhuidh ar mhídhúilibh, Ó Bruad. i 24 § 9.

III Trans. breaks, defeats, shatters (in physical and fig. sense); an uncommon use chiefly in pass., perh. due to the form maitti (= maidid -i) being taken as pret. pass. maidter rempi fo thri, TBC-I¹ 3573. xxx. cath ro mhebadh roime, Lism. L. 1550. maoidhtear rompa, Keat. i 204.5 . la Machair nar maedhed (.i. ó Diabhal), Gorm. Dec. 8. ó rom-maidh an scél (`the calamity having shattered me', O'Gr. Cat. ), Acall. 862. ? athgabail fir muides muilend `who breaks the rule respecting the mill', Laws i 194.27 . don fir isa soc ro mebadh `whose ploughshare was broken', 200.6 Comm. clann nar mhuidh móid who broke not covenant, Content. iv 36. a mheic Máire nach muidh mionn, Ir. Monthly 1928, 39.44 . ? nā maidid [maidigh, maigid MSS.] in t-echt noco ngaba fo thrí ar a anáil `let him not do the deed until he has three times kept his breath', Mer. Uil. 134 , cf. 137 ; perh. intrans. = II (c) above, if this vb.; leg. maíded = moíded?

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